SCHOLARSHIP, CREATIVITY, & COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT TRINITY UNIVERSITY 2015-2016 2016-2017
TO BE H ONE S T... Trinity production examines San Antonio’s views on Islam during the 2016 presidential campaign
Latin liturgy gets new life Research partnership aims to improve health of mothers, infants
Active scholarship is the most powerful way that faculty members remain engaged with their fields, contribute new findings, inform their teaching, and gain professional recognition for themselves and the University. Foundation B: Be An Innovative Leader for Excellence in Teaching and Research
trinity tomorrow strategic plan
Contents / NO. 2, 2016-2017
o. N 2 20
POETRY GETS MEDIEVAL
MOVING THE NEEDLE
Trinity students study neglected Latin poems
Trinity study on diabetes and pregnancy aims to improve life for mothers and infants
Original production looks at San Antonio’s views on Islam during the 2016 presidential campaign
BY CARLOS ANCHONDO ’14
BY SUSIE P. GONZALEZ
BY JEREMY GERLACH
Departments 2 LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT 3 EDITOR’S NOTE 4 RESEARCH & ACHIEVEMENT 10 ARTS & HUMANITIES 24 SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, & MATHEMATICS 36 BUSINESS & SOCIAL SCIENCES 48 STAFF 53 DIALOGUE WITH DR. DEE
Letters / FROM THE PRESIDENT
President Anderson speaks with a group of faculty in the Collaborative for Learning and Teaching. Read more about the Collaborative on page 7.
rinity Universitystrives for excellence as a student-centered University. The scholarship, creativity, and community engagement you will read about in the 2017 issue of IMPACT magazine enriched and enlivened the Trinity experience for our students. Faculty research is a vital part of Trinity’s mission, especially when in service of the student experience. Active scholarship is the most powerful way that faculty members remain engaged with their fields, contribute new findings, inform their teaching, and gain professional recognition for themselves and the University. Faculty expertise expands research opportunities for Trinity undergraduates and helps attract major grants to the Trinity campus. Excellence in research brings renown that strengthens Trinity’s reputation and remains a valued pursuit that we continue to build upon and encourage. The Trinity faculty’s commitment to knowledge drives their research; their commitment to our students drives their teaching. They link teaching and research in deep, meaningful ways. As a result, Trinity students become active, original thinkers. The faculty’s diligence as scholars and their dedication as teachers combine to benefit our students. As experiential learning continues to be a priority for Trinity, faculty are encouraged to involve students in their scholarship, creativity, and community engagement. In this issue, you will read about ways that faculty and students have worked
in tandem both inside and outside the classroom, often through experiential learning initiatives and projects integrated with our campus and our city communities. Collaborating with students in the Mellon Initiative, a group of Trinity faculty have approached difficult dialogues through a unique and original play, To Be Honest, being performed throughout the city. Elsewhere around campus, students and faculty from multiple disciplines have joined together through their passion for the Middle Ages to translate previously-untranslated Latin poetry. Additionally, faculty and students in the Department of Biology have built a research partnership with the UT Health San Antonio. These opportunities speak highly to the trust our faculty place in our students to be active learners and engaged researchers. At Trinity University, we create connections— in research laboratories and fine arts studios, through student involvement and residential life, and in the community at large. With exceptional and accessible faculty, abundant resources and opportunities, a rigorous yet flexible curriculum, and a diverse campus community, Trinity is a place of discovery and growth. Best regards,
Danny J. Anderson President, Trinity University
Letters / FROM THE EDITOR
SCHOLARSHIP, CREATIVITY, & COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT
2016-2017 EDITORIAL BOARD Jeanna Goodrich Balreira ’08 /Editor Carlos Anchondo ’14 /Writer Jeremy Gerlach /Writer Susie P. Gonzalez /Writer Molly Bruni /Writer and Editor Anh-Viet Dinh /Photographer Mark Brodl /Associate Vice President for Academic Affairs & George W. Brackenridge Distinguished Professor of Biology Peggy Sundermeyer /Director of Sponsored Research ADVISORY COMMITTEE Victoria Aarons /English Angela Breidenstein ’91, ’92 /Education Jorge Colazo /Finance & Decision Sciences Jane Costanza /Library Jason Johnson /History Patrick Shay ’03, ’05 /Heath Care Administration Carl Leafstedt /Music Jennifer Mathews /Sociology & Anthropology Maria Paganelli /Economics Heather Sullivan /Modern Languages & Literatures Adam Urbach /Chemistry Harry Wallace /Psychology PRESIDENT Danny J. Anderson
IMPACT is published annually by the Office of Strategic Communications & Marketing and is sent to faculty, staff, and friends of the University.
EDITORIAL OFFICES Trinity University University Marketing & Communications
As an English major at Trinitya decade ago, I was obligated to do some language time traveling and enroll in at least six hours of courses with material dated before the year 1600. Determined to do anything I could from enrolling in two Shakespeare courses—one semester of dramatic tragedies was enough for me—I jumped into the only other alternative: Old and Middle English Philology. I didn’t even know what philology meant. The course, taught by Richard Newhauser, was an experience in and of itself. Newhauser embodied the material in sight and in sound. In class, he would speak fluent Middle English with a charming accent and a lilting cadence; it was like being transported centuries into the past somewhere between the Shire and Mordor in the Realm of Middle Earth. I was in way over my head with the subject matter, but I sure did enjoy going to class. About a quarter of the way through the semester, Dr. Newhauser asked the class if any of us were interested in helping him with a research project. A few timid hands went up—mine one of them. That Wednesday afternoon, and every Wednesday afternoon that spring, four juniors and seniors would cram into Dr. Newhauser’s office and listen to him read… and read, and read. Somehow, we were supposed to translate the Middle English melody he was singing into readable, modern English. And somehow, we did it. After weeks of thorns and ashes, eths and wynns, we hacked through versions of texts on vices and virtues, good and evil, learning a lot in the process. By the end of the semester, we gave Dr. Newhauser enough to include as translations for a book. You might imagine, then, that English professor Andrew Kraebel’s current translation project (read more on page 20) really spoke to my heart. Ten years ago, Trinity’s English department did not have the Mellon Initiative to support its undergraduate research efforts, nor the Humanities Collective to inspire critical thinking through hands-on research in the liberal arts—but that didn’t stop us. Beginning more than three decades ago with the Department of Chemistry’s undergraduate research program, the University’s rich history with undergraduate research continues to grow with the support of faculty, staff, students, and alumni. The Trinity Tomorrow strategic plan calls specifically for expansion of student involvement in faculty research. I am excited to see what the future has in store for new Tigers as they discover, grow, and become visionaries alongside their faculty mentors. Or, as Dr. Newhauser might sing, “Áfindaþ. Forþframaþ. Snytraþ.” Cheers,
One Trinity Place San Antonio, TX 78212-7200 E-mail: email@example.com
Jeanna Goodrich Balreira ’08
Phone: 210-999-8406 Fax: 210-999-8449
P.S. Philology is the study of literary texts and written records. Hopefully that will help you on Jeopardy one day.
READ IMPACT ONLINE:
Send comments, ideas, or suggestions to firstname.lastname@example.org or
Jeanna Goodrich Balreira, One Trinity Place, San Antonio, Texas 78212.
Research / GRANTS & AWARDS
GROUNDBREAKING RESEARCH External awards are a prestigious and valuable acknowledgement of a faculty member’s intellectual achievements and promise. Faculty members from all disciplines apply for funding from institutions, foundations, consortia, and governmental agencies.
Rolling Average of Expenditures from All Externally Sponsored Sources, 2012-16 $18 mil
$14 mil $12 mil $10 mil $8 mil $6 mil
Between 2012-16, 78 members of the faculty or academic staff held at least one grant award.
$2 mil $0
(that’s about 30% of Trinity’s full-time faculty members)
Source: Office of Sponsored Research, July 2017
Total Expenditures (3-year rolling average)
2014-16 Average per-year expenditures
Source: Office of Sponsored Research, July 2017 Given the cyclical nature of grant awards, expenditures are calculated using a rolling average that includes the current year and previous two fiscal years. Externally sponsored sources include grants, contracts, and agreements from federal and state agencies, businesses, nonprofit organizations, other universities, etc. It does not include restricted or unrestricted gifts.
Active Grants and Contracts Managed by the Office of Sponsored Research, 2014-17
Number of Proposals Submitted by the Office of Sponsored Research, 2016-17
65 60 55 50
Number of active grants and contracts managed
Fiscal Year 2016
Fiscal Year 2017
Number of faculty with at least one managed award
Source: Office of Sponsored Research, July 2017
Source: Office of Sponsored Research, July 2017
The number of active grants and contracts is measured at the end of the fiscal year.
The number of submitted proposals is measured at the end of the fiscal year.
Achievement / FACULTY RECOGNITION
DISTINGUISHED ACHIEVEMENT Trinity faculty members are gifted teachers and advisers who have dedicated themselves to working closely with students in and out of the classroom. In 2016-17, outstanding members of the Trinity faculty were honored for distinguished achievement in service, teaching, advising, and research.
from left to right Deneese Jones, Andrew Hansen, Rob Huesca, Keesha Middlemass, Alfred Montoya, and Carlos Ardavín-Trabanco
ZT SCOTT AWARD Diane Persellin
FIVE PROFESSORS HONORED FOR DISTINGUISHED TEACHING, SERVICE, AND SCHOLARSHIP Andrew Hansen, associate professor of human communication and theatre, was lauded for his commitment and dedication to student advising. Rob Huesca, professor of communication, received an award for distinguished professional, community, and University service. Two early career faculty members—assistant professors Keesha Middlemass, political science, and Alfred Montoya, sociology and anthropology—were cited for distinguished teaching and research. Carlos Ardavín-Trabanco, professor of Spanish in the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures, was recognized for outstanding scholarship, research, and creative work.
Professor of Music Education Awarded in recognition of her innovative teaching and mentorship of students, Diane Persellin received the 2017 Z.T. Scott Faculty Fellowship, the University’s highest award for teaching and advising.
PIPER PROFESSOR Carolyn Becker Professor of Psychology One of only 10 Piper Professors chosen this year in Texas, Becker is nationally known for her work on body image interventions, eating disorders, and PTSD. The Piper Professorship recognizes her outstanding academic, scientific, and scholarly achievements and her dedication to the teaching profession.
Achievement / FACULTY RECOGNITION
SOTO ANNOUNCED AS AVPAA: STUDENT ISSUES Michael Soto, professor of English and founding director of the McNair Scholars Program at Trinity University, has been named associate vice president for Academic Affairs, student academic issues and retention. Soto, who is committed to providing a student-centered academic experience, will be responsible for developing, managing, and assessing a comprehensive plan to improve retention of undergraduates and lead a range of other academic initiatives, including New Student Orientation and the Academic Honor Code and Council.
MALOOF NAMED VP FOR ENROLLMENT MANAGEMENT Eric Maloof was promoted to vice president for Enrollment Management, providing strategic leadership for policies, communications initiatives, data management, and technology infrastructure that support the University’s enrollment efforts. In his new role, Maloof has implemented enrollment strategies that have stabilized the size of the first year class, increased the applicant pool and admissions selectivity, and strengthened academic profile and diversity.
THREE NAMED MURCHISON PROFESSORS Cohort for prestigious appointment includes long-time faculty with more than 96 combined years of teaching and service at Trinity by Susie P. Gonzalez
Three Trinity University faculty membershave been named to three-year appointments as Murchison Term Professors. The honorees are Saber Elaydi, professor of mathematics; Diane Persellin, professor of music; and Diane Smith, professor of geosciences. The three-year appointments were effective June 1, 2017, and each professor receives an additional $20,000 annually to support research activities; they comprise the third cohort of Murchison Professors. “This distinguished group is by far one of the most stellar groups of academic professionals that could be identified,” said Deneese Jones, vice president for Academic Affairs. “They exhibit a great transformational perspective for excellence in their diverse and contemporary areas of expertise in teaching, research, and service.” Elaydi, a researcher in mathematical biology, neuroscience, and economics, arrived at Trinity in 1989 and chaired the mathematics department three times. He has served as editor-in-chief of two journals in difference equations and discrete dynamical systems. Elaydi was instrumental in bringing to Trinity the interdisciplinary field of biomathematics by securing a $900,000 grant from the National Science Foundation. Persellin joined the Trinity music faculty in 1982. Ever since, she has taught a diverse range of courses, served as chapel organist, and has made an impact in the music education world with dozens of publications and presentations. At Trinity, Persellin serves as handbell director, has directed the Orff-Schulwerk Summer Music Course for 17 years, and was interim co-director of the Collaborative for Learning and Teaching. Smith began her career at Trinity in 1984; she served as chair of the geosciences department twice and as associate vice president for Academic Affairs, budget and research. She has been a collaborator and principal investigator on multiple grants, and her publications in the field of igneous petrology have been cited more than 1,700 times. Smith was elected to Fellowship in the Geological Society of America in 2008 and currently is a member-at-large on the executive committee for the American Geosciences Institute. The Murchison Professorships are made possible by an endowment from the estate of Norine R. Murchison, wife of T. Frank Murchison.
Achievement / FACULTY RECOGNITION
left Jenkins leads a STEM workshop for the Collaborative. center Abbot speaks with a faculty member about Trinity’s QEP. right Engineering science professor Wilson Terrell reviews a learning initiative about teaching and advising at Trinity.
TOM JENKINS HEADS THE COLLABORATIVE Center offers space for faculty, staff to retool their teaching techniques by Susie P. Gonzalez
Trinity professors in need of a creative push when designing or redesigning courses have a valuable resource on campus at the Collaborative for Learning and Teaching. Thomas E. Jenkins, professor of classical studies, has been named the center’s director. An advocate for helping faculty and staff members remain enthusiastic about being in the classroom, Jenkins wants to continue to foster “productive collisions” that focus on interdisciplinary learning and enable faculty and staff members to gain knowledge and techniques from one another. The Collaborative’s goal is to discover or refresh skills that will enhance undergraduate instruction. “The Collaborative is a space for us to talk about how we teach and how our students learn,” Jenkins says. He is continuing the “High Noon” luncheons often pre-
sented by current faculty members with innovative methods for conveying a range of material and adapting to today’s student learning styles. Additionally, Jenkins resumed a book club to promote a specific volume for the faculty and staff to read and discuss. He also is inviting outside scholars to bring dynamic concepts to the academy. Collaborative Fellow Sophia Abbot is offering the Tigers as Partners program in which a Trinity student is “embedded” in a professor’s course and provides weekly reflections on learning from a student’s perspective. In addition, Jenkins is planning workshops that offer insight into implementing digital literacy in Trinity’s Pathways curriculum. Jenkins says he encourages professors to develop a culture of reflection about what works—and what doesn’t—as faculty refine course syllabi and content from term to term, and he hopes that the Collaborative is a first point of contact for faculty as they think about both new and revised courses.
PREMIO DE DISTINCIÓN Norma Cantú receives Frank Bonilla Public Intellectual Award
Cantú speaks to Latina Ph.Ds at a Latina scholars symposium held on campus.
Norma E. Cantú,the Murchison Professor of the Humanities at Trinity, received the Frank Bonilla Public Intellectual Award from the Latina/o Studies Section of the Latin American Studies Association at a conference in Lima, Peru. The award honors advocates for the Latina/o American studies community and recognizes Cantú for her lifelong work to understand and dismantle not only racial and ethnic oppression, but also gendered oppression, pushing the field in new directions. Cantú, an acclaimed translator and author, founded the Society for the Study of Gloria Anzaldúa and co-founded CantoMundo, a national poetry workshop in support of Latina/o poets and poetry.
Keesha Middlemass became a member of the Executive Committee of the National Conference of Black Political Scientists.
Gary Seighman conducted a community production ofMozartâ€™s Great Mass in C Minor at the Tobin Center for the Performing Arts.
Works / ARTS & HUMANITIES
ARTS & HUMANITIES Through research and scholarship in the arts and humanities at Trinity University, faculty explore human imagination, creativity, and expression. Our faculty both direct plays and uncover their historic meanings, compose music and analyze its meter and rhyme, and create art and delve into its cultural impact. At Trinity, arts and humanities departments include art & art history, classical studies, English, history, human communication & theatre, the library, modern languages & literatures, music, philosophy, and religion.
VICTORIA AARONS / English
CARLOS X. ARDAVÍN / Modern
DOUGLAS BRINE / Art & Art
published Third-Generation Holocaust Representation: Trauma, History, and Memory with Northwestern University Press and Third-Generation Holocaust Narratives: Memory in Memoir and Fiction with Lexington Books/ Rowman & Littlefield in 2017. She also published and edited The Cambridge Companion to Saul Bellow with Cambridge University Press in 2017. Aarons co-edited Bernard Malamud: A Centennial Tribute with Wayne State University Press in 2016. She is also the series editor of the new series Jewish Literature with Lexington Books. Additionally, Aarons contributed the chapters “Memory’s Afterimage: Post-Holocaust Writing and the Third Generation” for Third-Generation Holocaust Narratives: Memory in Memoir and Fiction; “‘Moved by a Memory’: Bernard Malamud’s Literary Landscape” and “Midrash, Memory, and Miracles” in Bernard Malamud: A Centennial Tribute; and “Bellow and the Holocaust” in The Cambridge Companion to Saul Bellow. She also published the essay “Not Getting It: The Allure of the Counterlife in Early and Late Roth” in Philip Roth Studies, 2017, Vol. 13. In addition, Aarons gave an invited keynote address at the Jewish American & Holocaust Symposium in Miami in November 2017.
Languages & Literaturesedited El Gallo y la Veleta. Ensayos últimos, a collection of essays by poet and critic Antonio Fernández Spencer, published with Ediciones Cielonaranja, Santo Domingo/Berlin, in 2017.
Historywas awarded a J. Clawson Mills Scholarship at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York where he was a senior fellow for 2016-17. There, Brine delivered a paper, “An unrivalled brass lectorium: the Cloisters Lectern and the Gothic Revival in England,” at the Spring Fellows Colloquium.
ALAN ASTRO / Modern Languages & Literaturescontributed “Avatars of Third-Generation Holocaust Narrative in French and Spanish” for the book Third-Generation Holocaust Narratives: Memory in Memoir and Fiction, edited by Victoria Aarons / English and published by Lexington Books.
PETER BALBERT / Englishpublished D.H. Lawrence and the Marriage Matrix: Intertextual Adventures in Conflict, Renewal, and Transcendence with Cambridge Scholars in 2016. Balbert also published “Impotence, Renewal, and the Honorable Beast: The Aesthetics of the Fourth Dimension in D.H. Lawrence’s The Virgin and the Gipsy” in The Mailer Review, 2016, Vol. 10.
ROSANA BLANCO-CANO / Modern Languages & Literaturespublished “Prisiones y afectos: reescrituras visuales del cuerpo encarcelado en la producción documental mexicana contemporánea” in the Latin American Cultural Studies Journal in 2016.
bolded Trinity faculty, staff, students, or alumni *Trinity undergraduate researchers
C. MACKENZIE BROWN / Religionpublished “Jagadish Chandra Bose and Vedantic Science” in Science and Religion East and West in 2016. JOHN BURKE / Political Science presented “Building Bridges, Not Walls in the 21st Century in a World of Migration” in November 2016 at Marian University as part of the university’s 2016-17 Global Studies Speaker Series.
NORMA ELIA CANTU / Modern Languages & Literaturesorganized the inaugural Madrid Latin@ Art Series “Chicana Art & Artists in the Twenty-First Century” with the support of Trinity’s Mexico, the Americas, and Spain (MAS) program.
ERWIN COOK / Classical Studies published “Homeric Reciprocities” in the Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology, 2016, Vol. 29.
THE DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC
Timothy O’Sullivan (left) and Curtis Whitacre ’18 work together in the Roman World Lab, a humanities summer research project.
HOME SWEET HUMANITIES University establishes Humanities Collective by Carlos Anchondo ’14
At Trinity, the humanities standas a vital part of a liberal arts and sciences education. They have a home in the Humanities Collective, an initiative launched in February 2017 to support and strengthen humanities activities, research, and programming. Those initiatives included a spring 2017 undergraduate research symposium where humanities students presented findings from intensive research. Another initiative, Humanities Research Fellows, is geared toward rising seniors who submit research proposals to a panel of Trinity faculty. This program provides advising and monetary support. Besides new programming, the Humanities Collective enhances the University’s connection to San Antonio and community organizations. Rubén Dupertuis, religion professor and co-director of the Humanities Collective, says community connections are plentiful, but often need more support. “Connecting with the community is crucial for us,” Dupertuis says. “This program has a website with a humanities calendar, which advertises events to the community and provides access to humanities content.” Claudia Stokes, professor of English and founding member of the Humanities Collective, posits this will allow San Antonians to tap into this discourse. “The Humanities Collective will benefit and enrich the city’s life of the mind,” Stokes says. The Humanities Collective is purposefully defining the humanities in broad terms in order to include academic disciplines that might not typically be associated with the humanities. “The term ‘collective’ signals our collaboration among departments,” Stokes says. “I would like to see more intellectual cross-pollination, so that Trinity faculty can collaborate and benefit from sharing ideas.” Funding for the Humanities Collective is provided through the Office of the President and the Lennox Foundation. Along with Dupertuis and Stokes, professors Stacey Connelly (co-director; human communication and theatre), Tom Jenkins (classical studies), Timothy O’Sullivan (classical studies), and Heather Sullivan (modern languages and literatures) also founded the collective.
received a $60,000 grant from the Dickson-Allen Foundation for the purchase of handbells, vocal students’ travel to China, the recording of a Christmas CD performed by the Trinity choir, and the costs of production in December 2016.
RUBÉN DUPERTUIS / Religion contributed the chapter “The Acts of the Apostles, Narrative, and History” in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Narrative with Oxford University Press.
NINA EKSTEIN / Modern Languages & Literaturespublished “The Impact of Photographs in Hiroshima mon amour” in The French Review, 2016, Vol. 90, and “Cinna’s Political Ambition” in Neophilologus in March 2017. TIM FRANCIS / Human Communication & Theatreand S. Perry ’15 published “An Improved Wagon Bake” in the 2017 Theatre Technology Exhibit Compendium. The device they wrote about in the article was displayed at the United States Institute for Theatre Technology Conference and Stage Expo in St. Louis and at World Stage Design in Taipei, Taiwan, in 2017.
KYLE GILLETTE ’01 / Human Communication & Theatrewrote three theoretical dramas for Imagined Theatres: Writings for a Theoretical Stage published by Taylor and Francis in March 2017. He contributed the chapter “My Portrait Come to Life: Visions of Self in Pirandello’s Henry IV” for Pirandello’s Visual Philosophy: Imagination and Thought Across Media with Fairleigh Dickinson University Press in 2017. Gillette reviewed “Germinal and Yesterday/Tomorrow” in the Theatre Journal, 2016, Vol. 68, and “The Illuminated Theatre: Studies on the Suffering of Images by Joe Kelleher” in Modern Drama, Vol. 59. Additionally, he presented a talk on Teatro Potlach’s Invisible Cities project, a 25-year-old
Works / ARTS & HUMANITIES
ongoing work that draws out the hidden contours of urban spaces through site-specific performances, videomapping projections, and routes that turn spectators into travelers at the 2016 Festival Laboratorio Interculturale Practiche Teatrali (FLIPT).
COLEEN GRISSOM / English served as a featured author at the 2017 San Antonio Book Festival, where she also served as one of the judges of the “Literary Death Match.” She also presented at numerous local literary events, including Gemini Ink’s “Inkstravaganza Gala,” the McNay Art Gallery’s “ArtFULL Wednesdays,” and the CTRC’s annual Book and Authors’ Luncheon.
FRANK KERSNOWSKI / English (Professor Emeritus) presented the video essay “My Summer With The Poets—Including Robert Graves” at the Conference of the Robert Graves Society at St. John’s College, Oxford, in September 2016. The essay discusses the research Kersnowski conducted in 1969 with a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities. DAVID HELLER / Musicheadlined the Roy A. Johnson Memorial Organ Series at the University of Arizona. In 2016, Heller’s recording, “David Heller, Organist,” was released on the Raven recording label. Heller recorded on the Letourneau organ of Christ Church United Methodist in Louisville, Ky. The recording has been featured on the National Public Radio program “Pipedreams.” Heller has performed in numerous recitals throughout the country, including featured performances at the Mormon Tabernacle in Salt Lake City this past January, the University of Arizona in March, and in Neenah, Wisc., for Fox Valley Organ Recital Series in June 2016.
COLLEEN HOELSCHER / Library presented her paper “Moving Collections: Lessons Learned” at the Catholic
Library Association annual conference in St. Louis in April 2017.
MICHAEL HUGHES / Libraryreceived a grant from the Association of College and Research Libraries to host the workshop “Scholarly Communication: From Understanding to Engagement” at UT Health San Antonio in May 2017. The workshop empowered participants to help transform scholarly communication into a more open and equitable system that benefits participants at every level, including funders, scholars, librarians, and readers. Hughes also published “Social Explorer” in The Charleston Review, Vol. 18, which was a refereed review of Social Explorer, a demographic mapping tool used by The New York Times among other major institutions.
JASON JOHNSON / History published Divided Village: The Cold War in the German Borderlands with Routledge Studies in Modern European History in 2017. He contributed “‘An Ugly Piece of Work’: Cold War Conflict on the German Frontline” for Perspectives on Conflict with Susquehanna University. Johnson presented an invited talk, “The Cold War in the German Borderlands,” at Edgy States and Boundary Crossers, an Oxford University workshop held in May 2017. He also presented “Spies in the Village” at the German Studies Association national conference in San Diego in September 2016.
RACHEL JOSEPH / Human Communication & Theatrepublished Buried, a play she wrote for the Kenyon Review Online in January/February 2017. She also published two imagined theatres, “A Garden Party Hamlet” and “Dreams on Screen” in Imagined Theatres: Writing for a Theoretical Stage published by Taylor and Francis in March 2017. Joseph published two book chapters: “Longing for Depth: The Frame of Screened Stages in the
Screendance Spectacles of Busby Berkeley” in The Oxford Handbook of Screendance Studies in August 2016; and “‘I Looked for You in My Closet Tonight’: Staging the Violence of the Real through ‘Candy-Colored’ Suburban Dreamscapes” in Filmurbia: Screening the Suburb in April 2017.
ANDREW KRAEBEL / English contributed a chapter for Classical Commentary: Explorations in a Scholarly Genre with Oxford University Press in 2016. He also contributed the essay “Poetry and commentary in the medieval school of Rheims: reading Virgil, reading David” to Interpreting Scriptures in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam: Overlapping Inquiries with Cambridge University Press in 2016. His essay “Of the Making of Little Books: The Minor Works of William of Newburgh,” appeared in a collection that he co-edited, Medieval Cantors and Their Craft: Music, Liturgy, and the Shaping of History, 800-1500, with York Medieval Press. NANETTE LE COAT / Modern Languages & Literaturespresented “Allegory, Enlightened Orientalism, and Palmyra” at the International Interdisciplinary Conference on Desire/ Knowledge: Critical Perspectives, Classical to Contemporary in May 2017.
STEVEN LUPER / Philosophypublished “Animal Interests” in The Ethics of Killing Animals with Oxford University Press in 2016. He was invited to publish “Death and Dementia” in the Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Medicine in 2017. In addition, he wrote: “The Existence of the Dead” for Blackwell Companion to Applied Philosophy in 2016; and “The AMA on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide” for Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 2017, Vol. 59, Issue 2. He was invited to publish “Nature and Value of Death” for the magazine Sabah Ülkesi in July 2016.
Works / ARTS & HUMANITIES
ROSES ARE RED, COMMONPLACE BOOKS ARE BLUE English professor researches 19th-century literary craft by Susie P. Gonzalez
Before Twitter, before scrapbooks,and before autograph books, Americans used commonplace books to copy other books as a way of preserving memorable quotes. The practice helped develop skill and craft that would give rise to literary skills and, ultimately, to literary taste. Commonplace books were popular in the 19th century, the era of research interest to Claudia Stokes, professor and chair of English at Trinity University. She is completing her third book, Things That Last: Literary Unoriginality in Nineteenth-Century America, which examines familiarity and unoriginality in 19th-century American literature. She spent two weeks in July 2016 attending a seminar titled “Take Note and Remember: The Commonplace Book and its American Descendants” at the University of North Carolina Asheville. Sponsored by the National Endowment of the Humanities, the gathering included 16 faculty members from across the country who engaged in spirited discussions about their work and were able see the Vanderbilt family’s archives, including commonplace books that were housed at the Biltmore Estate. Stokes conducts research at the University “The commonplace book has roots of North Carolina Asheville. in antiquity,” Stokes says. “It’s how people would keep track of things they wanted to remember as a sort of prototype of a journal or scrapbook.” The most famous descendant of the early commonplace books, those filled with information that people wanted to remember, was Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations, she says. Stokes is looking into the importance of women and minority writers who copied quotations into commonplace books to signal their respectability, their fluency, and literary convention. “This was not plagiarism because they would attribute,” she says. “They would not pass it off as their own. It was more like literary karaoke because you could develop a craft by copying other people.” A later version of the commonplace book is the autograph book, she says, noting that the poem beginning with, “Roses are red, violets are blue” comes from commonplace books. Further evolution of the commonplace book is the practice of friends signing yearbooks, making scrapbooks and photo albums that include poetry or memories of places visited, and even posting famous quotations on Twitter or Pinterest social media channels.
NICOLE MARAFIOTI / History was a residential fellow at the National Humanities Center in Durham, N.C., supported by an American Council of Learned Societies Frederick Burkhardt Fellowship. She spent the year working on her current book project, Crime and Sin in Anglo-Saxon England. During her fellowship, Marafioti presented a keynote address on “Transforming Crime and Sin in Anglo-Saxon England: The Evolution of Unconsecrated Burial” at the Medieval and Early Modern Transformations Conference at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in February 2017. KEESHA MIDDLEMASS / Political Sciencepublished “Doing a Bid: The Construction of Time as Punishment” in The Prison Journal, 2016, Vol. 96, and “Jumpsuit to Button-Down: Clothing used as Resistance in Prisoner Reentry” in the Journal of Criminal Justice & Law Review, 2016, Vol. 5. She also co-published “Clothing Makes the Man: Impression Management and Prisoner Reentry” in Punishment & Society, 2016, Vol. 18. Middlemass presented “Investigating the Relationship Between Food Insecurity and Eating Disorder Symptomatology” with Carolyn Becker / Psychology at the 50th annual convention of the Association of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies in New York in 2016. In addition, she presented “Two Cities on a Divergent Path: Police Violence & Race, Baltimore & San Antonio” with B. Kennedy* at the American Political Science Association annual meeting in Philadelphia in 2016 and “Slave Patrols were the First Southern Police Force” at the National Conference of Black Political Scientists in Jackson, Miss. She also gave the keynote presentation on “The New U.S. Attorney General and Federal Crime Policy” at the Eastern State Penitentiary Historical Society Searchlight Series: Conversations about Crime, Justice, and the American Prison System in Philadelphia in February
Works / ARTS & HUMANITIES
2017. Additionally, Middlemass became a member of the Executive Committee of the National Conference of Black Political Scientists.
WILL MOSLEY-JENSEN / Human Communication & Theatrecoached the Trinity debate team to an 18th place finish at the annual National Debate Tournament. This marks the second consecutive top 20 finish for the team.
RANDALL NADEAU / Religionis an adviser to Tunghai University and the Taiwan Ministry of Education on internationalization of the university system in Taiwan and establishing the sister-school relationship between Tunghai and Trinity. Nadeau presented “Bao’an Temple: A Modern Reconstruction of Historical Tradition” at the 10th International Conference on Daoist Studies in Sanyi, Taiwan. Additionally, he published “Heavens and Hells: Salvation and Retribution in Pure Land Buddhism” in an exhibition catalogue at the San Antonio Museum of Art.
KATSUO NISHIKAWA / Political Scienceco-published “Partisanship by Invitation: Immigrants Respond to Political Campaigns” in The Journal of Politics, 2016, Vol. 78. KATHRYN O’ROURKE / Art & Art Historypublished Modern Architecture in Mexico City: History, Representation and the Shaping of a Capital with the University of Pittsburgh Press in 2016. TIMOTHY O’SULLIVAN / Classical Studiespublished “Human and Asinine Postures in Apuleius’ Golden Ass” in The Classical Journal, Vol. 112.
CORINNE PACHE / Classical Studiespublished “Mourning Lions and Penelope’s Revenge” in Arethusa, 2016, Vol. 49. She was awarded a Coates Foundation grant for $150,000 for a pilot two-year program in coordina-
tion with the San Antonio Museum of Art (SAMA). The program promotes visibility of the arts and arts-related careers to minority scholars at Trinity and in the San Antonio community. Pache hopes the program will expand the number of college students and local residents who frequent SAMA and value the role of art in our society.
DIANE PERSELLIN / Music co-authored the article “Harnessing the Power of Failure in your Music Classroom: Grit, Growth Mindset, and Greatness” for Southwestern Musician in February 2017 and for Overtones Journal in 2017. In addition, she published “Constructing a Memorable Concert: Engaging and Educating Your Audience and Musicians” for Overtones Journal in winter 2017. Persellin authored the chapter “Nurturing the Musical ‘Open-Earedness’ of SevenYear-Olds” for Children’s Home Musical Experiences Across the World with Indiana University Press. She also wrote “Assessing, Extending, or Disregarding: Building on Elementary Music Skills in Sixth Grade Ensembles” and “Baritone or Falsetto? Male Educator’s Vocal Modeling in the Elementary Classroom” in Texas Music Education Research in May 2017, as well as “Dare to Fail: Growth Mindset and Grit in the Music Classroom” in Southwestern Musician in February 2017. Additionally, she presented the paper “Just Tell me the Answer: Navigating Student Resistance to Desirable Difficulties” at the Lilly International Conference for Higher Education in Austin in January 2017, and “Growth Mindset and Grit in the Music Classroom” and “Assessing, Extending, or Disregarding: Building on Elementary Skills in Sixth Grade Ensembles” at the Texas Music Educators Association convention in San Antonio in February 2017.
SARAH K. PINNOCK / Religion published Facing Death: Confronting Mortality in the Holocaust and
Norma Cantu, one of the conference organizers, chats with students after a class.
ARTE LATIN@ Trinity hosts inaugural Madrid Conference in honor of long-term professor
Celebrating art as the soulof cultural heritage and historical experience, Trinity held the inaugural Madrid Latin@ Art Series in March 2017. The conference, organized in honor of Arturo Madrid, the Norine R. and T. Frank Murchison Distinguished Professor of the Humanities from 1993-2017, featured talks by nearly a dozen art scholars Madrid and renowned artisans reflecting diverse disciplines such as song, poetry, sculpture, painting, dance, theater, and performance. The keynote speaker was Judith Baca, a visual artist, arts activist, community leader, and professor of visual art at the University of California at Los Angeles. Norma Cantú, who currently holds the Murchison Professor of Humanities chair, says the conference provides “a hub for creative thinkers.”
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Ourselves. The book asks: What do we learn about death from the Holocaust and how does it impact our responses to mortality today?
DAVID RANDO / Englishpublished Singh accepts the Wink Scholar Activist Award at the American Academy of Religion meeting in San Antonio in November 2016.
PROFESSOR RECEIVES SCHOLAR ACTIVIST AWARD Trinity faculty member is honored as a leading voice in the national conversation to stand up for justice
Simran Jeet Singh ’06,religion professor at Trinity University, received the 2016 Walter Wink Scholar Activist Award in recognition of his role as a leader in the national conversation on Islamophobia, racial profiling, and hate violence. He is only the second person to receive the award, which honors the legacy of Walter Wink, an Auburn Theological Seminary faculty member. Wink’s scholarship focused on Jesus, nonviolence, and confronting the powers of the world with prophetic love. Rev. Dr. Christian Scharen, vice president of Applied Research at Auburn Theological Seminary, lauded Singh’s work as a new media activist who has a creative presence on social media and a platform in national print and video formats. As a Senior Religion Fellow for the Sikh Coalition, Singh is credited with helping to put together a historic segment on The Daily Show dealing with racial profiling and Islamophobia.
the monograph Hope and Wish Image in Music Technology with Palgrave Macmillan in 2017. He gave an invited presentation, “The Future of Joyce’s Portrait: The Künstlerroman and Hope,” at the Dublin James Joyce Summer School, an annual event sponsored by University College Dublin, the National Library of Ireland, and the James Joyce Centre in Dublin, Ireland, in July 2016. Rando also contributed an entry based on George Saunders to the Critical Survey of American Literature, a guide to contemporary American authors. The new edition was published by Salem Press in 2016.
LINDA SALVUCCI / History and Richard Salvucci / Economics published “The Lizardi Brothers: A Mexican Family Business and the Expansion of New Orleans, 1825-1846” in The Journal of Southern History, Volume LXXXII.
GARY SEIGHMAN / Musicconducted Mozart’s Great Mass in C Minor at the Tobin Center for the Performing Arts with other musicians from San Antonio, including the Trinity University Chamber Singers, the San Antonio Choral Society, St. Mark’s Episcopal Church, and members of the San Antonio Symphony, in February 2017. Alongside Chia-wei Lee / Music, Seighman and nine Trinity students performed vocal selections and participated in masterclasses at Henan Polytech and XingYang Normal Universities in China in 2017.
SUSSAN SIAVOSHI / Political Sciencepublished “Human Rights and the Dissident Grand Ayatollah Hussein Ali Montazeri” in The Muslim World, 2016, Vol. 106. She also published “20
Fingers: Personal or Political” in Anthropology of the Contemporary Middle East and Central Eurasia, 2016, Vol. 3, and “The Flock of a Shepherd or the Sovereign Citizen: Ayatollah Montazeri on the Role of the People” in The Journal of the South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 2016, Vol. 39.
PATRICIA SIMONITE / Art & Art Historycompleted two commissions for the University Healthcare system, images to be featured prominently in the new transplant unit and patient examination rooms at University Hospital in San Antonio. SIMRAN SINGH / Religionhas been named a post-doctoral fellow at New York University for the 2017-18 academic year. During his fellowship, Simran will continue work on his current book project. Singh published “Hate Violence Targeting Sikh Americans” in Spirituality, Culture, and Development: Implications for Social Work in 2016 and “Understanding Islamophobia in the Texas Public Sphere” in the Institute for Diversity and Civic Life in 2016. Additionally, Singh was awarded the Walter Wink Scholar Activist Award by the Auburn Seminary in 2016 and the Pillars of Character Award from the Northside Educational Foundation. He was named an International Fellow by the King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz International Centre for Interreligious and Intercultural Dialogue (KAICIID), and he was appointed to the Religion News Association (RNA) Board, an exclusive group comprised of eight others. In addition, he was nominated to the Religion Communicators Council for Best of Class, Writing for Publication and Social Media.
MICHAEL SOTO / Englishpublished Measuring the Harlem Renaissance: The U.S. Census, African American Identity, and Literary Form with University of Massachusetts Press in 2016.
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left Cemetery in Potočari, Bosnia and Herzegovina. right Aloisi and Protic stand in front of a monument dedicated to the victims of the genocide. However, the word genocide was scratched off. Now, it is written in permanent, black marker.
IN SEARCH OF COMMEMORATION Trinity University political science professor researches memorialization in modern Bosnia and Herzegovina by Carlos Anchondo ’14
In the mountain town of Srebrenica,in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, there is a soccer field typical of most European villages. Children kick a ball back and forth, calling out to one another to pass. At first glance, it looks nondescript—an everyday place to play. Yet, tucked away on a concrete wall, invisible from the street, is a small marble plaque that tells a different story. It reads, “At this place, April 12, 1993, a grenade explosion caused by Serbian forces killed 74 Bosniaks and injured 100 from Srebrenica and Podrinja.” Hasan Hasanovic, a middle-aged man with a stubborn five o’clock shadow, looks pointedly at the plaque. He was at the field that day and remembers that his team had let a team of younger players take the pitch first. Hasanovic was sitting on the steps surrounding the field when bombs began dropping from the sky. “I was lucky that day,” Hasanovic says. “That is why I am still alive.” Of the 74 Bosniaks, or Bosnian Muslims, killed that day, all were civilians. As Hasanovic recounts his story, Trinity political science professor Rosa Aloisi listens carefully. Aloisi used her fall 2016 sabbatical from Trinity to research memorialization at massacre and genocide sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Aloisi, a former intern for Trial Chamber II of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, studied the impact of the Tribunal on the reconciliation process and what steps are being made to commemorate places where ethnic violence occurred. Aloisi traveled within Bosnia and Herzegovina for
one week in September 2016, with Maria Protic ’18 joining her for three days. One of Aloisi’s observations was that memorials were few and far between. Many sites had no memorial whatsoever or the memorial would acknowledge that people had died, but would not recognize how or why they were killed. “Unfortunately, there are two policies in place right now,” Aloisi says. “One is hiding the places and the other is providing no commemoration whatsoever. Victims see no effort from local officials, who see no point in commemorating. Actually, they think it might trigger additional escalation of conflict.” During her field research Aloisi photographed sites, studied artifacts, spoke to victims and families of the deceased, and took stock of the current political climate. Places that Aloisi visited include the Kravica Warehouse, the Srebrenica-Potočari Memorial Center, and the cities of Foča, Goražde, Prijedor, Sarajevo, and Višegrad. And while Aloisi and Protic’s field research was observational in nature, Aloisi hopes that her work will eventually make an impact from a policy standpoint by opening the eyes of those in policy-making positions. Although she is deeply concerned that a pattern of hate and violence might resurface in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, she plans to continue her study of memorialization in the future. “The conclusion now is that the legal truth is not finding a correspondent social and political truth locally in Bosnia,” says Aloisi. “If denial is the enemy of reconciliation, we are still many steps away from securing a region still torn by ethnic divisions and plagued by a political propaganda driven by hate.”
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CHAD SPIGEL / Religionwas elected to a three-year term as a Councilor in the Arts & Humanities Division for the Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR). Additionally, he published “Debating Ancient Synagogue Dating: The Implications of Deteriorating Data” in the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (BASOR), 2016, Vol. 376, and “Huqoq—2014: Preliminary Report” in Hadashot Arkheologiyot, 2016, Vol. 128. BENJAMIN STEVENS / Classical Studieswas awarded the 2017 Outreach Prize by the Society for Classical Studies. The award, one of only a handful of major annual prizes in Classics, is for the book he co-wrote and edited, Classical Traditions and Science Fiction, which brings classic and science-fiction epics into mutual orbit in a series of essays. Stevens also co-edited a second volume, Classical Traditions in Modern Fantasy, the first-ever book in English in its field. The book was published by Oxford University Press in 2017 and explores the thematic relationships between the ancient classics and contemporary fantasy novels written by J.K. Rowling, George R.R. Martin, and others.
CLAUDIA STOKES / Englishpublished the lead journal essay “Sinful Creature, Full of Weakness: The Theology of Disability in Cummins’s The Lamplighter” for Studies in American Fiction, Vol. 43. Stokes received a fellowship from the National Endowment for the Humanities to participate in the summer seminar “Take Note and Remember: The Commonplace Book and Its American Descendants.” She also contributed “Women Writers and the Hymn” for A History of Nineteenth-Century American Women’s Poetry with Cambridge University Press in 2016. Stokes was elected chair of the American Literature Society, elected communications director of C19: The Society of Nineteenth-Century Amer-
icanists, and elected forum executive committee member of the Modern Language Association’s division for Late-19th and Early-20th-Century American Literature.
HEATHER SULLIVAN / Modern Languages & Literatureswon the Goethe Society North America Essay Prize at the annual German Studies conference for her essay, “The dark pastoral: Goethe and Atwood.” This essay was featured by Routledge for its “Lives in Literature” series, where it was included in the Johann Wolfgang von Goethe collection. Sullivan co-edited the August 2016 special issue of the New German Critique, “The Challenge of Ecology to the Humanities: Post-Humanism or New Humanism?” for which she co-wrote the introduction. She also co-edited The Early History of Embodied Cognition from 1740-1920: The Lebenskraft-Debate and Radical Reality in German (Medical) Science, Music, and Literature with Brill/Rodopi Press in 2016, for which she contributed the chapter “Agency in the Anthropocene: Goethe, Radical Reality, and the New Materialisms.” Sullivan wrote “Material Ecocriticism and the Petro-Text,” an invited essay for The Routledge Companion to the Environmental Humanities with Routledge in 2017, as well as the essay “Threatening Animals” for a special volume of Relations: Beyond Anthropocentrism on “Past the Human: Narrative Ontologies and Ontologies Stories: Part I” in 2016, and the magazine essay “Recent German Environmental Literature: Writing Environmental Change and Catastrophe” for World Literature Today in March 2017. LAUREN TUREK / Historypublished “Ambassadors for the Kingdom of God or for America? Christian Nationalism, the Christian Right, and the Contra War” in Religions, 2016, Vol. 7. She wrote the multi-book review essay “Domestic Publics and Twentieth Cen-
tury U.S. Foreign Relations,” in Reviews in American History, 2017, Vol. 45; she also wrote the chapter “Religious History Objects in Museums” for Religion in Museums: Today and Tomorrow with Bloomsbury Publishing in 2017. Turek gave a keynote address, “The Story of Things: What Art Can Tell Us About the Past,” at the Circa 1900 Educator Workshop at the McNay Art Museum in San Antonio in January 2017.
RITA URQUIJO-RUIZ / Modern Languages & Literaturesand Norma E. Cantu / Modern Languages & Literatures co-edited Barrio Dreams with the University of Arizona Press in 2016. WILLIAM O. WALKER JR. / Religion(Professor Emeritus) published “Did Martin Luther Get It All Wrong about Faith in Christ?” in The Fourth R: An Advocate For Religious Literacy in November/December 2016. He also published Some Surprises from the Apostle Paul with Polebridge Press in 2017. ELIZABETH WARD / Art & Art Historyshowed “Ghost of the Old Mississippi” and “Veritas Caput,” two pieces inspired by the ephemeral nature of our ancient rivers, for the exhibit Watershed at the Moody Gallery in Houston.
Balreira discusses ranking methods with a community member.
TO THE COMMUNITY—AND BEYOND Five faculty chosen for inaugural Arts, Letters, and Enterprise fellowship program by Ashley Festa
Trinity University’s Arts, Letters, and Enterprise (ALE) Faculty Fellowship accepted its inaugural class of five faculty members in January. The five faculty—Cabral Balreira, mathematics; Kelly Grey Carlisle, English; Jane Childers, psychology; Rubén Dupertuis, religion; and Rita Kosnik, business—will receive three years of training in nonprofit management and will serve on the board of directors for a local organization with the goal of expanding Trinity’s network for internships.
dalena House, a transitional home for mothers and children, or the Green Spaces Alliance of South Texas, which aims to preserve the natural environment. “Working on the board of a nonprofit outside my expertise will expand my ideas of what English majors can do,” Carlisle says. Childers often hires students to conduct lab studies, but since becoming an ALE Faculty Fellow, she’s realized internships immerse students in the organization, exposing them to situations beyond academics. Dupertuis also stresses the importance of experiential learning. He joined the board of directors
“We’re creating a class of faculty who are learning what’s out there and have relationships in place to benefit the students.” “The program is an expression of the entrepreneurial spirit of the University,” says Carl Leafstedt, co-chair of the ALE program, which started in 2012. “We’re creating a class of faculty who are learning what’s out there and have relationships in place to benefit the students.” The ALE Fellowship, Balreira says, will educate him on how to create internships for students to learn skills he can’t teach. While he demonstrates math analytics in the classroom, his students will expand their critical thinking and communication skills at other organizations. Carlisle hopes to serve on either the board of Mag-
at the Source of Light (SoL) Center at University Presbyterian Church and has already helped a student earn an internship with the Center’s continuing education program. In addition to creating new internships, Kosnik will use the nonprofit management training to learn to nurture the nonprofit she established to help young adults with autism spectrum disorder. These five ALE Fellows will work to further the objectives of the Trinity Tomorrow strategic plan, which calls for the provision of faculty support and development to increase engaged and experiential learning in San Antonio and beyond.
Trinity students study neglected Latin poems words by Carlos Anchondo ’14 photos by Anh-Viet Dinh ’15 manuscript reproductions from the British Library, London, and the University Library, Ghent
n the middle of bustling cities across Europe, cells built onto the sides of churches once contained unlikely inmates.
Beginning in the Middle Ages, small cell-like rooms with three windows were built onto churches for religious persons who had chosen a life of solitude and prayer. Women who selected this life were known as anchoresses and spent the remainder of their lives in these confines. Enclosure involved a special ceremony, overseen by a bishop, which included a unique liturgy. In the spring of 2017, Luke Ayers ’19 and Victoria Bahr ’19 studied the text of this liturgy in a Trinity special topics course in Medieval and Renaissance Studies. Ayers, Bahr, and their classmates were given semester-long projects to identify a piece of Medieval Latin literature that had previously never been translated into English. Led by English professor Andrew Kraebel, the class produced annotated translations of 12th-century Latin poetry and texts, including the anchoress liturgy.
above Bahr (left) and Ayers (right) work through translations as Kraebel (center) provides mentorship on the texts. left and p. 21, 23 Excerpts and artwork courtesy University Library, MS 92, Ghent. 22
“I think people have this picture of the Middle Ages as intellectually backward, but in reality there was a lot of important literature and poetry being made,” says Ayers, an economics major from Austin. “Translating this liturgy, there was a sense of accomplishment because we were working on something original, a product that hadn’t been touched before. This was the first time this liturgy had been written in English.” Kraebel’s students used their research and upper-division Latin skills to translate. Many students, like Ayers, were not Latin majors, but shared a common interest in the language and time period. Students majoring in history, religion, classical studies, English, and other fields came together in their shared passion for the Middle Ages.
chair between groups of students hard at work, peering low over massive volumes and sounding out Latin phrases and English translations. Exchanging jokes with the students, Kraebel conveyed a love for the material through animated chatter and an easy laugh. He appreciates that students are adding to the small yet existing body of scholarship on medieval Latin literature. “Here are pieces of Latin that, if they were part of the scholarly conversation, could change it,” Kraebel says. “Part of what I explore is the different ways that undergraduates can make original research contributions, where the product is not always an essay, but things like translations and editions that represent real scholarly achievement.”
here was a sense of accomplishment because we were working on something original, a product that hadn’t been touched before.” After spending the majority of the course studying poetry, ranging from a few stanzas to massive epics, the students dedicated April and May to their projects. In addition to the anchoress liturgy, students translated a poem about life after the fall of ancient Rome and an encyclopedic text about the natural world, particularly the reptiles— and dragons!—that may or may not have lived. “These team projects allowed students to produce material that is new,” Kraebel says. “I think of this kind of translation as an original contribution to humanities research. The students have made these texts available to more people through translation, and by annotating them they draw the reader’s attention to particular words to talk about their significance or how they have been interpreted.” As students got started, Kraebel helped identify places to find material and guided students through particularly difficult passages or words. Kraebel, who specializes in the history of literary criticism in the Middle Ages, says research opportunities like these projects are rare for undergraduate students. As an undergraduate, Kraebel himself benefited from the mentorship of a professor who passed on a shared love for Medieval Latin. At a classroom translating session in midApril, Kraebel swiveled adeptly on his rolling
This idea is not lost on Ayers, who says that Medieval Latin is one “of the few areas where you can really do a lot of original work” and “make a big impact on the field.” He says that a preference prevails for classical Latin, where a lot of translation already exists. The opportunity, he notes, lies in the medieval period. “A lot of the interesting things that were going on in the Middle Ages aren’t really talked about unless you take the time to study that particular period,” Ayers says. “For Latin in general, I have found that it is really helpful with my writing and has made me a lot more conscious of grammar and sentence structure.” Ayers began taking Latin in high school and continued it at Trinity to satisfy the University’s language requirement. Yet it wasn’t until his Intermediate I class, where he studied Cicero, that it truly began to “click.” After finishing this project, Ayers feels as though he has gone from “standing on the shoulders of giants”—a metaphor coined in the 12th century—to carving his own special place in the discipline. “I am standing on a really firm, deep foundation,” Ayers says. “We did pull a lot of our ideas and resources from scholarship that had already been done, but the actual liturgy that we translated, that was brand new.”
Adam Urbach visited more than a dozen major research universities to talk with graduate students and postdoctoral scholars about academic careers at primarily undergraduate institutions (PUIs). Keturah Odoi, also pictured, is a postdoctoral scholar in the Department of Chemistryâ€”highlighting the importance of postdoctoral positions at PUIs like Trinity.
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SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, & MATHEMATICS Nationally recognized for academic strength, interdisciplinary focus, and undergraduate research, Trinity’s STEM programs offer students cutting edge opportunities that include experiential learning at the interface of disciplines. The University’s STEM departments include biology, chemistry, computer science, engineering science, geosciences, mathematics, physics & astronomy, and psychology.
E. CABRAL BALREIRA / Mathematicsalong with Michele A. Johnson / Biology, J. Bush ’14, and M. Quinn ’15 published “How do lizards determine dominance? Applying ranking algorithms to animal social behaviour” in Animal Behaviour, 2016, Vol. 118. This collaboration emerged from Trinity’s biomathematics program and represents the first use of sports rankings to understand animal social hierarchies. Balreira also presented a talk on “Global Dynamics and Geometry of Competitive Maps” at the Joint Mathematics Meeting in Atlanta in January 2017. CAROLYN BECKER / Psychology published “From Efficacy to Global Impact: Lessons Learned about WhatNot-to-Do in Translating our Research to Reach” in Behavior Therapy in 2017. She also published “Engaging Stakeholder Communities as Body Image Intervention Partners: The Body Project as a Case Example” along with L. S. Klipela ’04 and other colleagues in Eating Behaviors in 2016; and “The body project 4 All: A pilot randomized controlled trial of a mixed-gender dissonance-based body image program” with Kilpela, C. Verzijl ’14, S. Wilfred ’14, and colleagues in the International Journal of Eating Disorders, 2016, Vol. 49. Additionally, Becker published along with colleagues “The
three-legged stool of evidence-based practice in eating disorder treatment: research, clinical, and patient perspectives” in BMC Medicine, 2016, Vol. 14. She contributed a number of articles to the Encyclopedia of Feeding and Eating Disorders in 2016: “Peer facilitated programs” along with T. Pollard ’15 and A. Harwell ’15; “Prevention programs with high-risk populations” along with M. Plasencia ’13 and A. Bottera ’15; and “Effectiveness of programs in real world settings” along with Plasencia and Verzijl. Becker also contributed “Preventing eating disorders in adolescents” for the Handbook for Health Promotion in Children and Adolescents in 2016 along with Plasencia and Wilfred. Becker also served as a guest editor for the special issue “Expanding the Impact of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy: A Special Edition in Honor of G. Terence Wilson” for Behaviour Research and Therapy. In addition, Becker gave two invited keynote addresses: “Evidence-based practice in the context of eating disorders” at the 5th Biennial Conference of the Eating Disorder Association of Canada-Association de Troubles Alimentaires du Canada in Winnipeg, Canada, in September 2016; and “Translating empirically supported treatment into evidence based practice for eating disorders” at the 44th annual conference of the British Association for
bolded Trinity faculty, staff, students, or alumni *Trinity undergraduate researchers
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies in Belfast in June 2016. She became a Fellow of the Association of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, an organization committed to the scientific advancement and improvement of behavioral health.
LESLIE F. BLEAMASTER III / Geosciencespresented the public lecture “What do art and geology have in common?” for the Art Off the Wall Program at the San Antonio Museum of Art in September 2016.
BERT CHANDLER / Chemistrywas awarded a $50,000 grant for “Metalloenzyme-Inspired Heterogeneous C-H Activation Catalysts” from the Inaugural Research Corporation for Science Advancement SEED Award in September 2016. Chandler published “Strong Metal-Support Interactions: An Extra Layer of Complexity” in Nature Chemistry, 2017, Vol. 9. Along with B. Long* he published “Water influences the activity and selectivity of ceria-supported gold catalysts for oxidative dehydrogenation and esterification of ethanol” in ACS Catalysis, 2017, Vol. 7, and with J. Saavedra* and T. Whittaker* he published “Controlling Activity and Selectivity using Water in the Au-catalysed Preferential Oxidation of CO in H2” in Nature Chemistry, 2016, Vol. 13. Additionally,
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Chandler published “Water assisted oxygen activation during selective oxidation reactions” in Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering, 2016, Vol. 7.
JANE CHILDERS / Psychologypubfrom left to right Christina Cooley, Laura Hunsicker-Wang, and Corina Maeder
PROTEIN POWERHOUSES Women in chemistry enhance research through San Antonio Area Foundation grants by Ashley Festa
Three Trinity chemistry professorsare wrapping up 18-month research grants from the San Antonio Area Foundation to advance research in detection and treatment of disease. Christina Cooley’s $30,000 grant funded her study of biomarkers, called antigens, for diseases like cancer. Among the millions of proteins in blood, even a couple of antigenic proteins could signal that a person might develop cancer at some point. Cooley is developing new ways to amplify the signals to detect circulating antigens and diagnose cancer at an early stage. “What’s happening is we’re synthesizing the polymer in the presence of the antigen,” Cooley says. “If the disease is there, the polymer will start glowing. If cancer isn’t there, the polymer won’t form.” With a simple blood analysis, doctors would be able to see the glowing polymer with the naked eye. Laura Hunsicker-Wang received a $29,000 grant to test her theory about the role of a protein in the formation of free radicals that can cause disease. The protein, called Rieske, moves electrons through the respiratory chain. She hypothesizes that when the driving force is too low, electrons can sometimes go backward on the pathway. When that happens, sometimes the electrons react with oxygen to create superoxide. And when superoxide builds over time, it can lead to disease. Theorizing that some people may have different sequences of Rieske, which increase their risk of disease, Hunsicker-Wang is making a series of Rieske protein mutations and measuring their reduction potentials, which is a measure of the driving force. With a grant of nearly $30,000, Corina Maeder ’99 examined pre-messenger RNA splicing mechanism because of its link to disease development. In pre-mRNA splicing, non-protein coding information is removed from mRNAs prior to protein production. If genes are mis-spliced or the levels of splicing are altered, it can lead to cancer and other disease. In her research, Maeder studied the mechanism of splicing directly, specifically examining the role of an essential protein in the assembly of the splicing machinery. By understanding this assembly, Maeder hopes to reveal potential cancer therapeutics.
lished with M. Flores ’13, M. Dolan ’16, and colleagues “Does variability across events affect verb learning in English, Mandarin and Korean?” in Cognitive Science, Vol. 1. Along with Kevin McIntyre / Psychology, R. Parrish ’11, C. Olson ’12, and C. Burch ’14 she published “Early Verb Learning: How do children learn how to compare events?” in the Journal of Cognition and Development, Vol. 17.
CHRISTINA COOLEY / Chemistry published “Small Molecule Proteostasis Regulators that Reprogram the ER to Reduce Extracellular Protein Aggregation” in ELife, 2016, Vol. 5. She was awarded the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund Young Investigator Grant for “Development of Fluorogenic Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization in Aqueous Media” for $55,000 over two years in May 2017. Cooley was also awarded the San Antonio Area Foundation Biomedical Research Grant for “Development of a Fluorogenic Polymerization Amplification Assay for the Detection of Cancer” for $30,000 over 18 months.
SABER ELYADI / Mathematicswas honored with the Lifetime Achievement Award from the International Mathematical Society for Difference Equations. It is awarded every two years, and Elaydi is the fourth person to receive this award.
FRANK HEALY / Biologyalong with Hoa Nguyen / Mathematics and C. McKay* published “Coupled RapidCell and lattice-Boltzmann models to simulate hydrodynamics of bacterial transport in response to chemoattractant gradients in confined domains” in Microfluidics and Nanofluidics,
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2016, Vol. 20. Healy also published with Nguyen and R. Bierman* “A multi-scale model of Escherichia coli chemotaxis from intracellular signaling pathway to motility and nutrient uptake in nutrient gradient and isotropic fluid environments,” in Computers and Mathematics with Applications, 2016, Vol. 71. Additionally, he published “Spatial structure of the Mormon cricket gut microbiome and its predicted contribution to nutrition and immune function” in Frontiers in Microbiology, 2017, Vol. 8.
PAULA HERTEL / Psychologyalong with A. Maydon* and J. Cottle* published “Cognitive Bias Modification: Retrieval Practice to Simulate and Oppose Ruminative Memory Biases” in Clinical Psychological Sciences, January 2017, Vol. 5. Hertel is also editor-in-chief of the Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, which receives about 180 submissions a year and publishes a variety of empirical reports.
LAURA HUNSICKER-WANG / Chemistryand Si Ying Li ’13, ’16 published “Reactive Sites and course of Reduction in the Rieske protein” in the Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 2017, Vol. 22. ALBERT XIN JIANG / Computer Sciencealong with Hau Chan / Computer Science presented “Resource Graph Games: A Compact Representation for Games with Structured Strategy Spaces” at the proceedings of the 31st AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence in 2017. MICHELE JOHNSON / Biology published “Sexual selection and sex ratios in Anolis lizards” in the Journal of Zoology in 2017 and “Why do curly tail lizards (genus Leiocephalus) curl their tails? An assessment of displays toward conspecifics and predators” in Ethology, 2017, Vol. 123. Johnson’s
work on green anoles was the subject of a January 2017 article in The Scientist, a popular-science magazine for life science professionals that is dedicated to covering a wide range of topics in biology. She was the subject and guest speaker on the December 2016 edition of “The Conjectural,” a monthly science news show aimed at documenting newsworthy scientific stories and experiments.
JONATHAN KING / Biologywas one of three principal investigators of a collaborative research grant with UT Health San Antonio. The one-year grant focused on how overweight or diabetic mothers can affect the body compositions of their babies.
DANIEL LEHRMANN / Geosciencespublished “Mechanical Stratigraphic Controls on Natural Fracture Spacing and Penetration” in the Journal of Structural Geology, Vol. 95, and “Fault zone processes in mechanically layered mudrock and chalk” in the Journal of Structural Geology, Vol. 97. MARK LEWIS ’96 / Computer Sciencecoauthored “The Case for N-Body Simulations in Rust” with A. Hansen*, which was presented at the 2016 International Conference on Scientific Computing. Lewis also co-authored “Uncommon Teaching Languages” presented at the proceedings of the 47th ACM Technical Symposium on Computing Science Education in 2017. He also co-authored Introduction to Programming and Problem-Solving Using Scala, Second Edition. CORINA MAEDER ’99 / Chemistry received the Academic Research Enhancement Award (R15) from the National Institutes of Health to support her research on the “Identification of a Novel Regulatory Element in the Assembly of the Spliceosome.”
KEVIN MCINTYRE / Psychology along with K.A. Hamilton ’16 and Paula Hertel / Psychology published “Judging knowledge in the digital age: The role of external-memory organization” in Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2016, Vol. 30. McIntyre and the Open Stats Lab were awarded a grant from the Association for Psychological Science Fund for Teaching and Public Understanding of Psychological Science to create a website (openstatslab. com). The website provides faculty and students with free resources such as published articles, open data, and activities for the teaching and learning of statistics. Since going live in December 2016, the website has had more than 14,000 views.
DANY MUNOZ-PINTO / Engineering Sciencepublished “Evaluation of late outgrowth endothelial progenitor cell and umbilical vein endothelial cell responses to thromboresistant collagen-mimetic hydrogels” in Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A in 2017. He was awarded a grant for his laboratory from the San Antonio Area Foundation in 2017. Three students will be working in his lab on the development of a new family of wound dressings for the treatment of diabetic ulcers. Munoz-Pinto presented “Relative Effects of Substrate Stiffness on Neuronal Phenotype Modulation in 2D and 3D Microenvironments” with R. Tchen*, R. Zurita*, and A. Vergara* at the Biomedical Engineering Society 2016 annual meeting in Minneapolis. He also spoke at the XI Chemical Engineering Technical Weed at the Universidad Industrial de Santander (UIS) in Bucaramanga, Colombia, in May 2017.
TROY MURPHY / Biologyreceived a fellowship for his sabbatical to work at the Smithsonian Institute National History Museum. The work measures the color and shifting of the genetic landscape across a hybrid zone of birds
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THROUGH DIFFERENT LENSES Physics and mythology collide during summer trip to McDonald Observatory by Jeremy Gerlach
Deep in the underworld,Isaiah Mitchell ’20 still had a clear view of the stars. Mitchell, a classical studies major who spent his summer researching the myth of Orpheus—a tragic Greek hero who traversed the depths of Hades—was part of a 5-day Trinity experiment in May that sent a mix of classical studies and physics students to the McDonald Observatory in Ft. Davis, Texas, home to the massive, 160-ton Harlan J. Smith Telescope. The trip served as a “creative space” for both sets of students to collide. “Being around that telescope, no matter what you’re studying, gives you a sense of perspective,” Mitchell says. During the trip, the physics bunch—Matthew Jenkins ’18, Brian Guerrero ’20, Jordan Koeller ’19, Jared Tincher ’20, Marshall Tickner ’19, and Frances Stone ’19—helped Pooley study supernovae, or titanic explosions from dying stars. The classical studies duo of Ariana Fletcher-Bai ’20 and Mitchell, on the other hand, launched an ongoing project to catalogue thousands of classical literary references, such as names, places, artifacts, or larger themes, in modern science fiction books, movies, and other media.
“You can see these stars that are millions of miles away, but it’s so black outside you can’t see your hands,” Fletcher-Bai said. “It was a kind of spiritual moment.” The trip wasn’t all glamorous. Just getting to the observatory required the 10-person group to pile into a van for a 10-hour round trip from Trinity, says physics major Frances Stone. “And once you get there, the actual site is on top of this ‘baby mountain,’” she groans. “Just stairs, stairs, stairs—and once you get up the hill, more stairs.” The observatory itself, dubbed by the Trinity group as a “ski lodge for astronomers,” made for an intimidating locale. Looming over both sets of students, like a monstrous cyclops of classical myth or armored behemoth from a sci-fi blockbuster, was the telescope: a 32-foot high, 50-year-old giant, imprisoned for eternity in a 70-foot-tall, glistening-white rotunda. After the trip ended, both groups went on to 10 more weeks of research as part of Trinity’s summer undergraduate research program, funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the McNair Scholars Program, and the T. Frank and Norine Murchison Faculty Development Fund Research Corporation, among other grants. During this period, long after the trip was over, Pooley and Stevens saw the true benefits of their journey to the observatory shine through.
“In sciences you think about spatial distance, but [the classical studies students] approach the galaxy from a viewpoint of the mythology behind the stars.” “My physics students got to see how world-class physics is done with this huge telescope,” Pooley says, while Stevens notes his pair of young researchers got experience “sifting through massive amounts of data.” Beyond this research, both teams got a chance to look at the universe through different lenses, says Koeller, a physics major. “In sciences you think about spatial distance, but Ariana and Isaiah approach the galaxy from a viewpoint of the mythology behind the stars,” Koeller explains. Both groups seemed starstruck when they arrived at the remote, West Texas observatory, Fletcher-Bai says. At night, there are no man-made lights within eyesight.
“Working next to these physics students, watching how rigorous their work habits were, that was enlivening for my two classics students,” Stevens says. Pooley says his physics students found ways to make their research more accessible. “Seeing these two very different groups of students come together, and be able to explain their research projects together to the point where everyone could understand each other, that’s incredible,” Pooley says. Mitchell says he’ll always remember to take a break from the grind of research to look up at the stars. “When I went home this summer, I started stargazing with my family,” Mitchell said. “As long as it’s dark, you can do that wherever you are.”
Works / SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS David Pooley (center left) and Ben Stevens (center right) introduce students to the telescope at the Marrs McLean Observatory on campus.
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in Texas. He received a second fellowship to work at the Groningen Institute of Evolutionary Biology in the Netherlands to conduct a project focusing on the costs associated with female aggression, using birds as a model organism. Murphy published “Dynamic Status Signal Reflects Outcome of Social Interactions, but Not Energetic Stress” in Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution in 2016.
BENJAMIN SURPLESS / Geosciencesserved as chair and host of the annual South-Central meeting of the Geological Society of America in San Antonio in March 2017.
KATHLEEN SURPLESS / Geosciencespublished “Facies architecture and provenance of a boulder-conglomerate submarine channel system, Panoche Formation, Great Valley Group: A fore-arc basin response to middle Cretaceous tectonism in the California convergent margin” in Geosphere, 2017, Vol. 13, Issue 3. In collaboration with M. Patzke*, J. Johnson*, and T. Tremain*, she published “Testing models of post-Cretaceous terrane translation using mudrock geochemistry of the Ochoco basin, central Oregon” in the Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, 2016, Vol. 48, where she also published “Zircon trace element composition space in plutonic and volcanic arcs: Implications for zircon provenance and magmatic arc evolution.” Additionally, Surpless served as chair of the Geological Society of America Cordilleran Section for 2016-17.
WILSON TERRELL JR. / Engineering Sciencepublished “Performance Characteristics of Microencapsulated Phase Change Material Slurry in a Helically Coiled Tube” in the International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 101.
NIESCJA TURNER / Physics & Astronomypublished with colleagues and G. D. Corley*, W. Farmer*, and C. Ramnarace* “Temperature of the plasmasphere from Van Allen Probes HOPE” in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2017, Vol. 122. She presented “One Target’s Experiences: A Personal Case Study and Call to Action,” an invited talk given at the workshop Sexual Harassment in the Sciences: A Call to Respond for the American Geophysical Union in September 2016. She also presented “Gender and Bias Issues in Science,” an invited talk given at the American Physical Society Conference on Undergraduate Women in Physics at Rice University in January 2017. ADAM URBACH / Chemistryalong with James Roberts / Biology, L.C. Smith*, A.G. Grice*, C.C. Young*, W. Mobley*, and A. Leek* co-wrote “Cucurbituril-Tetramethylrhodamine Conjugate for Direct Sensing and Cellular Imaging” in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 138. Along with colleagues, Urbach published “Predictive recognition of native proteins by cucurbituril in a complex mixture” in Chemical Communications, Vol. 52. He also published a comprehensive review on the “Molecular Recognition of Aromatic Peptides and Proteins in Nature and by Design” as a book chapter for a Royal Society of Chemistry monograph, Aromatic Interactions: Frontiers in Knowledge and Application. Urbach visited 14 major research universities to talk with graduate students and postdoctoral scholars about academic careers at primarily undergraduate institutions (PUIs). This outreach effort was funded by a Leadership Enrichment and Development (LEAD) grant from Research Corporation for Science Advancement. In collaboration with the American Chemical Society, he hosted the fifth annual Postdoc to
PUI Professor Workshop at Trinity University. Urbach also served on the editorial advisory board of the journal Supramolecular Chemistry.
MARILYN WOOTEN / Chemistry and Diana Glawe / Engineering Science published “Quality of Condensate From Air-Handling Units” regarding the use of condensation in various applications and determining its “cleanliness” in ASHRAE in December 2016. YU ZHANG / Computer Science coauthored “Statistical Modeling on Studying the Impact of ICD-10 on Health Fraud Detection” in the International Journal of Privacy and Health Information Management in 2017. She presented “Social Network Interaction Quantification and Relationship Trend Analysis with MultiAgent Systems” for the Agent-Directed Simulation Symposium at the SCS Spring Simulation Multiconference in 2017, for which she served as general chair. Zhang presented “Aptitude and Previous Experience in CS1 Classes” at the 13th International Conference on Frontiers in Education: Computer Science and Computer Engineering in 2017.
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left Glawe shows parts of the campus condensate unit to communication professor Aaron Delwiche. right The team is comprised of experts from interdisciplinary fields, from engineering to environmental studies.
CAN CONDENSATE HELP COOL BUILDINGS? Trinity engineer and chemist conduct study to examine water quality from large air-handling units by Susie P. Gonzalez
In Texas, where the weatheris hot much of the year and commercial and institutional facilities rely upon large air-handling units to cool buildings, property owners may seek ways to recycle condensate collected from the equipment. This practice is especially attractive in humid climates where rainfall is unpredictable and building managers look for low-cost water sources to help finance system operations. To examine the viability of using condensate, engineering science professor Diana Glawe and chemistry instructor Marilyn Wooten along with a microbiologist from the Environmental Protection Agency in Cincinnati conducted a study from 2013-15. They published a paper in December 2016 in the ASHRAE Journal, the
viable source of water for use on-site depending on the quality, quantity, and intended use of the water,” Glawe says. “Therefore, it is important for building owners to know the expected quantity and quality of the condensate produced in their building along with the collection system requirements for the intended use in order to make well informed decisions.” She says she conducted the research and published the article to complement the “San Antonio Condensate Collection and Use Manual for Commercial Buildings,” which provides a comprehensive protocol to facilitate decisions, design, and maintenance of effective condensate collection systems. The researchers note that although the condensate is theoretically high-quality water when compared to drinking water, it cannot be used for drinking water without treatment to meet federal standards. In fact, it
“Condensate... can be a viable source of water for use on-site depending on the quality, quantity, and intended use.” publication of the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers, titled “Quality of Condensate From Air-Handling Units.” In large air-handling units, condensate pools on cooling coils before dripping into drain pans, according to the authors. The condensate is then either disposed of properly or used onsite. “Condensate from large air-handling units can be a
needs to be treated for most uses, other than perhaps drip irrigation, Wooten says. That’s because it has a high potential to become contaminated in the air-handling unit and as it flows through distribution pipes into storage and plumbing systems. At Trinity, condensate is used to provide water for the environmentally-friendly toilet flushing system in the Center for the Sciences and Innovation.
Trinity study on diabetes and pregnancy aims to improve life for mothers and infants words by Susie P. Gonzalez photos by Anh-Viet Dinh ’15
Trinity biologist Jonathan King, a father of two daughters, states the obvious when he says, “All parents want their kids to have a happy, healthy life.” 32
NH2 N O Cytosine
“All parents” here includes those with a history of diabetes or overweight issues, a description of many San Antonio families1. King, whose longstanding research focuses on the physiology of proteins that hold cells together, now stands ready to expand into a new area of study. He is helping San Antonio neonatologists with a year-long project to analyze the effects of overweight or diabetic mothers on the body composition of their babies. King, professor and chair of the Depart-
ment of Biology, is one of the principal investigators of the project “The Maternal Fetal Environment Alters Infantile Body Composition and Epigenetics” in collaboration with UT Health San Antonio (formerly the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio) and the San Antonio Military Medical Center (SAMMC) at Fort Sam Houston. The study is funded by a $150,000 Collaborative Research Grant from the San Antonio Medical Foundation. MAGAZINE.TRINITY.EDU/IMPACT IMPACT
above Jonathan King (left center) meets with his undergraduate research lab to discuss research findings.
At Trinity, King was joined by 16 students and computer science professor Matthew Hibbs on primarily two tracks: one conducting laboratory research to identify infants’ genes that may be altered or modified during pregnancy, and one focusing on educational outreach to mothers after giving birth. Information about DNA gathered from cord blood samples at each baby’s birth enabled researchers to embark on what King described as a retrospective study of looking at what happened to the baby during pregnancy and how the baby’s development was related to the mother’s condi-
“We want to conduct scientific research that is beneficial to the community.” tion, specifically whether she was of a healthy weight, was overweight, or was diabetic. They wanted to understand if genes are read differently in healthy-weight moms or in obese moms as another way to assess a baby’s health instead of only observing a baby’s body composition. “We looked at changes that happened at the molecular level in the fetal environment, or in utero,” King says, adding this allowed the researchers to start conversations with the families.
Beginning in the fall of 2016, about a dozen Trinity students serving as clinical interns interviewed pregnant mothers to gauge their interest in participating in the study. The moms who agreed to do so authorized the collection of cord blood by hospital employees at birth. The moms were asked to return to the hospital with the babies at three and six months to check progress, including the baby’s body composition, and to work with dieticians from UT Health. Admitting it was a challenge to keep parents engaged, King says many came back because of their positive interactions with students. The Trinity students also set up Instagram and Facebook pages to keep in touch with the parents, which helped Rachel Jacob and Libby Lavender, the UT Health pediatric dieticians involved with the project. Students also tracked moms with appointment reminders and nutrition and immunization information for the infants. “The moms had questions about the cord blood, and the students helped us put all the pieces together,” says Lavender. “They were a big piece of the project’s success.” Another part of the project involved four Trinity students and Hibbs, who partnered with King to lead summer research on methylation, a chemical process that happens on top of DNA. Using the cord blood placed on laboratory chips,
left King meets with collaborators from UT Health San Antonio. right Katherine Wilks takes notes on educational initatives in relation to the lab’s studies.
the Trinity researchers started with 850,000 data points for each patient, expanding to a data set of 27 million data points for all patients. “That’s a lot of data, and it’s important to turn it into something we can understand,” says Heather Rizzo ’19, a biology major from Austin, Texas. With Hibbs’ help, they did; the team was able to find 12 genes that correlated to their study. Rizzo says she had to learn a statistical language called R to complete her methylation analysis and believes it will be a useful tool for the career she hopes to pursue in biological research. Sarah Fordin ’19, from Loxahatchee, Fla., is majoring in biology with a minor in computer science. She says meshing the two disciplines during the summer program was interesting and fun. She also says finding 12 genes is a manageable way to understand the role of methylation. “We want to conduct scientific research that is beneficial to the community,” Fordin says. “If you see your environment and see what you are eating, and how that affects your infant, these are the things you can do to help yourself and help your children.” King, who had worked with several San Antonio neonatologists for about a decade, says he was eager to help medical doctors examine the science behind diabetes and obesity by asking, “What are the long term implications?” He notes
that babies who begin life with diabetes face extra challenges. “This opened up a new avenue of research for me,” King says. “Methylation and epigenetic research is an exciting area of biology that brings together genetics and the environment. It brings together the nature vs. nurture argument and asks if the maternal environment influences the children.” The grant establishes a collaboration of physicians, nutritionists, and dieticians with Trinity faculty and students that focuses on what all parties view as a “pressing local problem.” King is applying for additional funding to continue the work, adding, “To think we could have some results that could move the needle in terms of decreasing the number of children set up to deal with diabetes by the time they are teenagers is amazing.” That would go a long way toward ensuring happy, healthy lives.
1. The Health Collaborative. (2016). 2016 Bexar County Community Health Needs Assessment Report. San Antonio, TX: The Health Collaborative.
Shage Zhang is a member of the faculty team who leads Trinityâ€™s Shanghai Summer Program.
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BUSINESS & SOCIAL SCIENCES The University’s business and social science education is distinctively grounded in a balanced blend of liberal arts and applied professional programs, where faculty engage and prepare students for meaningful lives of leadership and service around the world. At Trinity, this incorporates the School of Business (accounting, business administration, and finance & decision sciences) as well as communication, economics, education, health care administration, political science, and sociology & anthropology.
SHARI ALBRIGHT ’83, ’86 / Educationis serving on the governing board for the Holdsworth Center for Excellence in Education Leadership, a groundbreaking public education leadership institute for Texas educators.
ELLEN BARNETT / Education along with students in her Spring 2017 EDUC 3342 course partnered with the San Antonio Botanical Garden to develop curriculum for the thousands of school-age students who visit the garden each year.
BRAD BEAUVAIS / Health Care Administrationwas named chair for the Commission on the Accreditation of Health Management Education (CAHME) Standards Council. The Council is responsible for revision and publication of the 2017 CAHME accreditation standards. Beauvais’ recent publications include: “Fix These First: How the World’s Leading Companies Point the Way Toward High Reliability in the Military Health System” in the Journal of Healthcare Management, 2017, Vol. 62; “Quality Indicators Associated With the Level of NCQA Accreditation” in the American Journal of Medical Quality, 2017; “Does the Proportion of Same-Day and 24 Hour Appointments Impact Patient Satisfaction?” in Quality Management in Health Care, 2017, Vol. 26; “Doing well by doing good: Evaluating the influ-
ence of patient safety performance on hospital financial outcomes” in Health Care Management Review, 2017, Vol. 44; “Developing the BEAR: Assessing Student Competency Development in Graduate Health Management Education” in the Journal of Health Administration Education, 2016, Vol. 33; and “Moving the Needle: Evaluating the Impact of New Care Delivery Models on Hospital Profitability” in the Journal of Health Care Finance, 2016, Vol. 43. Additionally, he presented “Foundations of Engaged Scholarship: Bridging the Gap to the Field of Practice” at the AUPHA Leaders Conference in March 2017.
ANGELA BREIDENSTEIN ’91, ’92 / Educationpresented “An ‘uncommon’ theory of educational leadership: Preparing leaders who can facilitate transformational change in schools” at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association in San Antonio in 2017. Along with Shari Albright ’83, ’86 / Education, Sara Sherwood ’95, ’96 / Education, and Carol Mendenhall / Education, Breidenstein is part of the Advanced Learning Academy (SAISD) design team. This academy is Trinity’s newest professional development school and has many Trinity alumni who serve as teachers and school leaders, including principal Kathy Bieser ’97, ’98, ’03 and assistant principals Beth Morrow
bolded Trinity faculty, staff, students, or alumni *Trinity undergraduate researchers
Koennecke ’05, ’06, ’12 and David Nungaray ’14. The school received in-district charter designation and a TEA start-up grant of $800,000 in spring 2017 based on proposals written by the school leaders and design team.
BILL CHRIST / Communication along with Habiba Noor / First-Year Experience and Sarah Beth Kaufman / Sociology & Anthropology wrote and presented the play To Be Honest: Voices on Islam from the 2016 Presidential Election. The play, directed by Stacey Connelly / Human Communication & Theatre, is composed entirely of material from interviews with San Antonio residents, which were conducted by I. Baughman*, G. Cortinas*, M. Long*, S. Wagner*, and H. Niner*. COURTNEY CRIM ’93, ’94 / Educationpublished “Strategies toward the Inclusion of Environmental Education in Educator Preparation Programs: Results from a National Survey” in School Science & Mathematics, 2017, Vol. 117, Issue 3-4.
ROCIO DELGADO / Education delivered the invited keynote address at the 41st annual International Association of College Educators of the Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Conference in San Antonio in February 2017. She also spoke on “Aprendiendo juntos: A collaborative model for develop-
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Ajani and Murray study street maps and plots as a part of their undergraduate research work with Drennon.
PAVING THE WAY Trinity Urban Studies research project on relationship between San Antonio’s demographics and road quality sparks discussion at city level by Jeremy Gerlach
San Antonio’s streetsdon’t always make for a smooth ride. These roads—from Stone Oak Parkway to Zarzamora Road—have countless cracks and fissures, while the City Council has a limited budget for fixing them all. Enter “The Demographics of Public Funding in San Antonio,” a Trinity urban studies program study that provides a fresh look at the socioeconomics of street maintenance in the city. Aroosa Ajani ’18, Cole Murray ’18, Alyssa Parra ’18, and Claire Rettenmaier ’18, led by urban studies professor Christine Drennon, launched the project in 2016 in partnership with the office of then-District 8 City Councilman Ron Nirenberg ’99, now mayor of San Antonio. The report examines the geospatial relationship between income levels, education, and ethnicity, as well as the quality of roads in city council districts across San Antonio. It has already started changing the way some city officials look at infrastructure spending. “We found some significant inequalities during this research process,” says Murray, an urban studies and political science double major. “While the city might be spending a proportional amount of money on infrastructure in each district, the South, near-West, and East sides have significantly worse roads and need more funding to begin with.” While this sentiment isn’t new to San Antonio politics, the Trinity team’s methodology has made for a fresh viewpoint, Nirenberg says. “This report was a great primer for me,” Nirenberg recalls. “It was the first time I saw, through an analysis
of the data, a connection between high poverty areas and poor infrastructure.” To convey this analysis, Drennon’s team used Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software to map out socio-economic indicators such as poverty level, income, ethnicity, education, and household language in each council district. The team then compared these maps to charts of road quality and infrastructure spending, looking for relationships and patterns between these different data sets. The 2016 report is one segment of a larger body of GIS research done by Drennon, who has spent years studying the legal, political, and geospatial roots of socioeconomic inequality in San Antonio. Drennon, who presented a portion of this research to the San Antonio City Council at an Aug. 9 briefing session, says one goal of this research is to demonstrate the difference between “equality” and “equity” in funding to policy makers. “‘Equality’ just maintains the status quo,” Drennon says. “We need to be asking ourselves, ‘will our entire city grow, or just some of us?’” Evidence of these conversations is already present in the city’s upcoming budget process. The day after Drennon’s presentation to the council, city manager Sheryl Sculley presented a proposed fiscal year 2018 budget, describing it as being constructed through an “equity lens.” With some modifications, the city passed this $2.7 billion budget in September. “It’s just really exciting to see that something that started out as a class project could actually help make people’s lives better,” Ajani says. “That’s what urban studies is all about.”
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ing teachers’ knowledge and skills in working with English learners” at the Cambio de Colores/Change of Colors 15th annual conference in Colombia, Mich., in June 2016.
JOHN HUSTON / Economicsand Roger Spencer / Economics published “The Wealth Effects of Quantitative Easing” in the Atlantic Economic Journal, Vol. 44.
AMER KAISSI / Health Care Administrationpublished Intangibles: The Unexpected Traits of High-Performing Healthcare Leaders with Health Administration Press in 2017. Additionally, Kaissi is offering executive coaching services for healthcare administrators and physicians who graduated from Trinity’s Health Care Administration program in the last 10 years. These coaching partnerships address issues such as career transitions, leadership skills, and growth and development.
SARAH BETH KAUFMAN / Sociology & Anthropologypublished “Mourners of the Court: Victims in Death Penalty Trials, Through the Lense of Performance” in Law & Social Inquiry, the journal of the American Bar Foundation, Vol. XX.
PATRICK KEATING / Communicationgave invited lectures about the history of camera movement in Hollywood cinema and discussed his recently published video essays at the University of Chicago, the University of Miami of Ohio, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He also published a video essay, “Motifs of Movement and Modernity,” in Movie: A Journal of Film Criticism in 2016. Keating published the book chapter “What Does It Mean to Say that Cinematography is like Painting with Light?” in Transnational Cinematography Studies with Lexington Books in 2017.
LAURIE KLOSE / Educationpublished “Ethical Eddie (Political Activism)” and “Ethical Eddie (Early Career Supervision)” in The Texas School Psychologist, 2016, Vol. 29. She also published “Building Capacity for Student Success—Every Student Succeeds Act Opportunities: Engaging School Psychologists to Improve Assessment and Accountability” for the National Association of School Psychologists in 2016. Klose developed “Building Increasing and Maintaining State Association Capacity for Advocacy,” an advanced training module for use by the Government and Professional Relations Committee for the National Association of School Psychologists. In 2017, Klose presented “Transforming Human Development Courses: Including LGBTQ12-S In Core Curriculum” at the Trainers of School Psychologists annual conference in San Antonio, where she also presented along with Heather Haynes Smith ’97, ’98 / Education “Concurrent Training of School Psychology Consultant and Teacher Consultees.” Also in 2017, Klose presented “Treating aggressive girls: Using the TAG intervention and evaluation system” and “Be the Change: Advocacy skills in action” at the annual convention of the National Association of School Psychologists in San Antonio, as well as “The Ethical and Professional Practices Board in Action” in a special session there. Additionally, she presented “Examining Multidisciplinary Ethical Issues that Impact Student Interventions and Success” at the 27th annual Winston Learning Symposium and “Welcome to the Game of Life: Every Student Succeeds Edition” at the annual Regional Leadership Meeting of the National Association of School Psychologists, both in San Antonio. In 2016, Klose presented “Role of Grassroots Advocacy in Policy Solutions” for the GW/ NASP Public Policy Institute at George Washington University in Washington, D.C., and “Sunset and Important Issues
in the 2017 Legislative Session: Ready, Set, Advocate!” at the Texas Association of School Psychologists annual convention in Houston.
ZHAOXI LIU / Communicationpublished “Cui Jian: Extolling Idealism Yet Advocating for Freedom through Rock Music in China” in the Spring 2016 issue of the International Communication Research Journal. She also published Metro Newspaper Journalists in China: The Aspiration-Frustration-Reconciliation Framework with Routledge in 2016.
JENNIFER MATHEWS / Sociology & Anthropologypublished The Value of Things: Prehistoric to Contemporary Maya Commodities with the University of Arizona Press in 2017, to which she contributed the chapter “Cosmopolitan Living? Examining the Sugar and Rum Industry of the Costa Escondida, Quintana Roo Mexico.” Mathews served as the distinguished alumni commencement speaker at the Anthropology Department graduation at San Diego State University.
PAT NORMAN / Educationand Brian Sparks ’04, ’05, ’11 co-authored a public school start-up grant for $800,000 for Lamar Elementary. The school was awarded the grant by the Texas Education Agency in May 2017, and it received the in-district charter proposal approved by the SAISD Board of Trustees in December 2016. Norman also presented “TIGER Time: A Professional Development School partnership’s impact on students’ social-emotional development and school culture” at the annual conference of the National Association of Professional Development Schools in Washington, D.C., in 2017.
MARIA PAGANELLI / Economics published “Boys Do Cry: Adam Smith on Wealth and Expressing Emotions” in the Journal of Scottish Philosophy, MAGAZINE.TRINITY.EDU/IMPACT IMPACT
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2017, Vol. 15. She also published “Politics with or without romance? Adam Smith and David Hume in James Buchanan’s Public Choice” in Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology, 2016, Vol. 34, and the chapter “Adam Smith and the History of Economic Thought: the Case of Banking” in Adam Smith: a Princeton Guide with Princeton University Press in 2016. Paganelli gave a number of presentations and invited talks in 2016, including: “Adam Smith and Economic Development: theory and practice” at the 2016 History of Economics Society Conference and at the 2016 Japanese Society for the History of Economic Thought annual conference in Sendai, Japan; “Adam Smith, the Invisible Hand, and Economic Growth” at the 2016 Brazilian ANPEC conference and at the Universidade de Brasilia; “240 Years of the Wealth of Nations” at Seminario Diamantina in Diamantina, Brazil, at the UCEMA in Buenos Aires, and at the Universidad del Desarrollo in Santiago, Chile; “More Commerce, More Wars: Adam Smith and David Hume on the Effects of Economic Development on Warfare” at the Universidade de Sao Paulo and the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais in Brazil, as well as with Reinhard Schumacher at the University of Losanne, Switzerland; “Boys Do Cry: Adam Smith on Wealth and Expressing Emotions” at the Universidade de São Paulo; and “Self-Interest and Institutions in Adam Smith” at the Centro de Estudios Publicos in Santiago, Chile. Additionally, Paganelli received a grant from the National Research Council of Brazil (CNPq).
GINA PIETERS / Economicsis a research associate at the Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute, an institute established by the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, where she published “The Potential Impact of Decentralized Virtual Currency on Monetary Policy” in the Institute’s 2016 Annual 40
Research Report. In 2017, Pieters presented at the International Trade and Finance Association in Poznan, Poland; at the Midwest Macroeconomics Meeting in Louisiana; and at the Western Economic Association in San Diego. She was interviewed for the NPR podcast Marketplace for the episode “Why Pay a Ransom in Bitcoin?” about the WannaCry cyber attacks and their ransom demand using bitcoins in 2017.
PATRICK SHAY ’03, ’05 / Health Care Administrationauthored the chapter “Does Leadership Matter?” in the third edition of Leadership in Healthcare: Essential Values and Skills with Health Administration Press.
HEATHER HAYNES SMITH ’97, ’98 / Educationand McNair Scholar A. Sanchez* presented “Encouraging student/faculty relationships in educator preparation” at the Texas Council for Exceptional Children in Austin in June 2016. Haynes Smith and Courtney Crim ’93, ’94 / Education presented “Implementing strategies for written expression for students with learning disabilities” at the International Council for Learning Disabilities in San Antonio in October 2016; there, she also presented “Action Research: Social skills intervention and students with learning differences.” Additionally, Haynes Smith presented “Feedback to special education teachers candidates: Please tell me more!” at the Teacher Education Division of The Council for Exceptional Children national conference in Lexington, Ky., in November 2016.
ROGER SPENCER / Economicspresented “Using Network Centrality to Inform our View of Nobel Economists” at the Western Economic Association International conference in Portland, Ore., in July 2016.
DAVID SPENER / Sociology & Anthropologypublished We Shall Not Be Moved/No nos moveran: Biography of a Song of Struggle with Temple University Press. AMY STONE / Sociology & Anthropologypublished Cornyation, San Antonio’s Outrageous Fiesta Tradition with Trinity University Press in 2017.
EUGENIO DANTE SUAREZ / Finance & Decision Sciencesled a course, “Doing Business in Latin America,” in 2017. Students participated in the revival of Trinity’s relationship with the Tecnologico de Monterrey, beginning with their trip to Monterrey, Mexico.
JACOB TINGLE / Business Administrationpublished “An Exploration of Organizational Trust in Intercollegiate Athletic Departments” in the inaugural issue of the Journal of Higher Education Athletics and Innovation, 2016, Vol. 1. He also published “Exploring NIRSA Championship Series professional development opportunities: Understanding their perceived value to the association” in Recreational Sports Journal, 2016, Vol. 40, Issue 1. Tingle along with Jamie Thompson / Student Involvement, Melissa Flowers / Residential Life, and Twyla Hough / Career Services presented “Skills-based Comprehensive Student Record: Articulating the Value of Higher Education” at the National Association of Student Personnel Administrators annual conference in San Antonio in March 2017. He was the invited keynote speaker at the Sport Club Leadership Series hosted by Georgia Institute of Technology in January 2017; additionally, he presented “Discovering the Campus Rec Leadership Development Gem” at the National Intramural-Recreational Sports Association National Conference in Washington, D.C., in February 2017. He also presented “An Examination of Motives Associated with Referee Recruitment, Retention, and
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Attrition” at the Global Sport Business Association Conference in February 2017 and at the North American Society for Sport Management annual conference in June 2016.
MICHAEL WILKINS / Accounting was named one of three inaugural academic members of the AICPA’s national Assurance Research Advisory Group (ARAG), which drives research relative to assurance issues that are most pressing to private companies by requesting, reviewing, and approving research proposals from academia. He also began a three-year term as an editor at The Accounting Review, the No. 1 journal in the discipline of accounting.
DELI YANG / Business Administrationwas awarded a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to support her project, “Patent Uncertainties and International Innovation.” The grant came from the NSF’s Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences Division. SHAGE ZHANG / Finance & Decision Sciencesalong with Amy F. Holmes / Accounting and Michael Wilkins / Accounting published “Engagement, Innovation, and Impact: Tracking Faculty Activities Under the 2013 AACSB Standards” in the Organization Management Journal, 2017, Vol. 14. Also, she presented “How Informative are Female Director Trades?” at the 29th Australasian Finance and Banking Conference in Sydney, Australia, in December 2016.
FROM STAGE TO PAGE Sociologist Amy Stone charts history of Fiesta Cornyation by Susie P. Gonzalez
Research can start with a night out.It did for sociology professor Amy Stone, who followed the advice of colleague Christine Drennon by taking a break from a research project and attending Cornyation during San Antonio’s Fiesta in 2009. Stone found one ticket online and was mesmerized by seeing the city manager on stage in a bawdy costume along with drag queens in bordering-on-lewd get-ups and lots of campy skits ripe with social commentary. A researcher on a range of LGBT issues, Stone learned that Cornyation holds a valuable place in the LGBT community as the antithesis of Fiesta gatherings and parties attended exclusively by the city’s social elite. After seeing the show, she wanted to know more. “I asked the questions that any good sociologist would ask: How did they do this? How did this become so central to San Antonio?” Stone says. Her search for the answers took her to the San Antonio Playhouse, where she uncovered closeted scripts from Cornyation performances from the 1950s and ’60s. A year later she found a home video. She interviewed people she never thought would open their homes and hearts, learning how the show had weathered concerns about its risque atmosphere. After five years of exhaustive research, she compiled her findings into Cornyation: San Antonio’s Outrageous Fiesta Tradition, published by the Trinity University Press. The book chronicles Cornyation’s travels across different venues, from its time as a fundraiser for the San Antonio Little Theater to its current charitable outreach for HIV and AIDS research. She chuckles at the zany antics that once included tortilla-throwing episodes from actors to audience and back but no longer take place and marvels at the new “sense of purpose” in the event. As part of her journey, she was asked to portray a duchess in one of the shows, reveling in the merriment. The book has been a sensation since its release in early April 2017, right before Fiesta. Trinity University Press director Tom Payton said the book is available at standard outlets such as Barnes & Noble, Amazon.com, and local bookseller T he Twig. He adds that some stores felt Cornyation was “too saucy” but other venues snapped it up—a delicatessen, various museum shops, a chocolate store, and Schnabel’s Hardware, among others.
Human Communication & Theatre Professor Emerita Sam Gilliam reads during a dress rehearsal of To Be Honest at the McNay Art Museum while Trinity student Sasha Faust â€™18 looks on.
HONEST-TO-GOD Trinity production To Be Honest looks at San Antonio’s views on Islam during the 2016 presidential campaign
lot has been said about Islam during the presidential election: What have you heard?” It’s a straightforward question, but imagine asking this to your neighbors, religious community, or even your family members, right in the middle of a contentious American electoral season. Daunting as it may seem, a team of Trinity professors has spent the past year pulling more than 170 San Antonians’ responses to this question into one place, first as a summer 2016 research project, and now as a 70-minute play, To Be Honest. According to Trinity first-year experience instructor Habiba Noor, one of the playwrights, the production transforms the isolated voices and opinions of real-life San Antonio residents into an incisive, intersectional dialogue about Islam, all in the context of the heated 2016 presidential campaign. “During our research, we realized that our team was an audience for a larger conversation about Islam that our interviewees didn’t realize they were a part of,” Noor says. “Each interviewee was speaking freely and honestly with us, but they couldn’t hear each other. And the things we were hearing were unbelievable, but they were also private. So the play—which still protects the anonymity of our participants—acts as a bridge between these private discussions and the public.” While the team—comprised of Noor, sociology professor Sarah Beth Kaufman, and communication professor William Christ—bills To Be Honest as a play, the work is wholly comprised of verbatim re-
words by Jeremy Gerlach photos by Anh-Viet Dinh ’15
above Director Stacey Connelly speaks with cast members before a rehearsal. right From left to right: Habiba Noor, Sarah Beth Kaufmann, Stacey Connelly, and Bill Christ.
sponses from research participants. Described by Christ as a form of “reader’s theater,” the production introduces more than 20 characters spread throughout 18 topical episodes, all exploring issues such as immigration, social media, clothing, and treatment of religious groups such as Sikhs. Each character represents a real-life interviewee, though names have been changed to ensure the privacy of those involved in the research. These figures range from Christians, Sikhs, and members of the Jewish and Muslim communities to a military veteran. Ever-tethered to reality, the production even opens with a December 2015 video of then-longshot presidential candidate Donald Trump calling for a ban on Muslim immigrants during a campaign rally. “That was our lightning rod moment,” Noor says. “That rally was the moment we knew we wanted to find out how people here in San Antonio were responding to what was being said about Islam in the news, online, and across all media.”
Trump, in the months following his December 2015 speech, would go on to regularly propose an immigration ban on several primarily Muslim countries as part of his campaign. As president, Trump has enacted multiple executive orders on this issue, with several being struck down in Federal court. This legal debate has extended to a review by the U.S. Supreme Court, too. Amidst this political climate, Noor, Christ, and Kaufman undertook the research project that would later transform into To Be Honest. After crafting a proposal to Trinity’s Mellon Initiative in early 2016, the team secured a grant and brought on four undergraduate researchers, Hanna Niner ’17, Savannah Wagner ’17, Iris Baughman ’17, and Matthew Long ’19, for a period of summer research. The team worked to identify local groups from across San Antonio’s social, political, and religious spectrum, seeking out leaders of mosques, churches, synagogues, and other sects. The goal of the research project, simply put,
was to find out what these different populations of the city thought about Islam during the 2016 presidential campaign. In total, the group received significant responses from more than 170 participants, with the latest answers coming during the heat of the political season in September 2016. “We realized that we were hitting some nerves,” Christ says. “So, we were grateful that respondents were willing to open up to us.” The four student researchers, says Kaufman, were instrumental in helping the team draw candid answers out of respondents. “When people talked to our student researchers, they felt comfortable,” Kaufman notes. “And that’s part of good social science research; sometimes as a researcher, you have to stop playing it ‘cool,’ and reveal your ignorance. You say, ‘No, I don’t know anything about this—could you explain it?’ When that happens, the person you’re interviewing goes from feeling defensive about their views to actually explaining themselves.” While each of the students and faculty researchers focused on different groups in San Antonio, Niner faced what she called a “challenging” assignment of talking to Evangelical Christians and conservative groups—some of whom expressed less-than-favorable views of Islam and the Muslim community during the interview process. “There were some of my interviews where you can ‘feel the love,’ but also others where you just felt the hatred,” Niner said. “A lot of people assumed, because I’m white and I give off a bit of a ‘vibe’ of being from a southern, Christian area, that I would just agree with them when they talked about things like Muslims ‘all being terrorists,’ or how ‘Muslims were the first to attack European ships off the coast of Africa.’” “People would just say these things,” Niner continues, “then look at me and ask, affirmatively, ‘You know?’ And the whole time, I’d be thinking, ‘No, I don’t?’” In tandem with the students, Christ sought out answers from Unitarian Universalist and Sikh groups, among others, while Kaufman and Noor, members of the Jewish and Muslim communities, respectively, did much of the heavy lifting within those networks. “Members of the Muslim community, it seems, are so often ‘performing a script’ when they talk to journalists, where they are always on the defensive, having to defend their beliefs,” Noor explains. “But when you’re able to hear them speaking openly, to hear their frustrations, that’s a different conversation.”
above As a part of their Mellon Initiative undergraduate research fellowships, Hanna Niner ‘17 (left) and Iris Baughman ‘17 interview respondents.
above Members of the cast perform at a dress rehearsal of To Be Honest before their debut performance at the McNay Art Museum in September.
As Christ, Kaufman, and Noor started reviewing their research, they saw the potential to transform these “unscripted” responses into a script for a play. “One of the first things I thought, when seeing some of the responses to the research, was that we needed to be sharing this,” Noor says. “And we realized, almost as soon as we started reviewing our research together, that these words would be powerful if presented verbatim on stage.” At first, the group explored the idea of creating a podcast or alternative presentation method for the research. But the group settled on a play format after noticing parallels between their research and Tectonic Theatre’s The Laramie Project (2000), a play depicting community reactions to the murder of Matthew Shepard, a gay student at the University of Wyoming. Shepard was murdered in 1998 before the state of Wyoming had any hate crime laws. Influences from that play, which presents interviews in a multimedia format known as “verbatim” or “documentary” theater, are present in To Be Honest. For the trio of Kaufman, Christ, and Noor, bringing their research into the spotlight has been a long, painstakingly-crafted process. The team has workshopped the play three times, with each performance honing the production toward its current format. The first performance of the script, which opened in Trinity’s Attic Theater in December 2016, was a loosely-structured but emotional experience; about 23 actors sat in chairs, reading their characters’ words aloud. Afterward, cast and audience members were invited to respond.
The second reading, done at the Episcopal Church of Reconciliation, saw the play split into smaller, topical episodes, while some characters took on a heavier focus, with a select few developing a more conventional, linear narrative. A formal ‘talk-back’ followed, which informed the playwrights’ third draft. The final workshop performance, presented in the Attic Theater in May 2017, was fully staged with lights, sound, and projections, and closed with a reception where the audience could interact with the authors, cast, and crew. As Kaufman, Noor, and Christ wrote and continued to refine the script, they brought on theatre professor Stacey Connelly to help make the challenging jump from script to production. In addition to offering some advice on the play’s narrative structure, Connelly assumed directing duties and pulled together an ensemble just as unique and intersectional as the 170 people who responded to the research project. To accomplish this feat, Connelly cast an array of students, faculty, alumni, and professional actors from San Antonio’s theater community. “It’s been wonderful, challenging, and exciting to work with such a diverse cast,” she says. “And they understand the script, the characters, because these are real words coming from real people.” Some actors in the play, Noor notes, connected with familiar words and views right away. “One student actor, who plays an older Sikh man, started going through his lines, stopped, and said, ‘This could be my father,’” she recalls. “People were instantly relating to these characters.”
While other actors faced the challenge of portraying unfamiliar viewpoints, the entire cast was united by the truth behind the script. “Acting like this isn’t impersonation,” Connelly says. “Our cast are speaking verbatim testimony; they are channeling these characters.”
is focused on spreading word about To Be Honest in San Antonio. The play ran in September 2017 in front of a packed house at the McNay Art Museum in partnership with Texas Public Radio’s Dare To Listen campaign and funded in part with a grant
“When people say, ‘to be honest…,’ that’s the moment of the interview where that bridge from public speaking and private conversation forms.” This honesty led the group to the title of the play itself. “We found, as we conducted more and more interviews, that this phrase, ‘to be honest,’ kept appearing in the conversation right before people started transitioning from their scripted, ‘interview mode,’ to being more open with you,” Noor says. “They’d pause, tell you, ‘to be honest’…” Noor’s voice trails off pointedly, while Kaufman nods in agreement. “When people say, ‘to be honest…,’ that’s the moment of the interview where that bridge from public speaking and private conversation forms,” Kaufman says. “That’s the moment when people revealed how they really felt.” Audiences and critics alike have responded well to that openness so far, according to the team. Viewers, ranging from fellow Trinity professors and students to other San Antonio citizens, have suggested that the team take the play on a national circuit. But for now, the group
from Humanities Texas, the state affiliate of the National Endowment for the Humanities. The group hosted a roundtable discussion following the performance, with the viewers and actors participating, too. The performance was also part of Trinity’s Alumni Weekend in October. For viewers who haven’t yet seen the performance, Noor won’t divulge any spoilers, but she does allude to some unexpected revelations. “Some characters in the play will surprise you,” Noor says. “You might start out assuming things about them, only to hear them say something else.” In the end, that’s the real power behind To Be Honest, Kaufman says. “There’s real nuance and subtlety here,” she says of the play, “and you find out that you can’t put anybody, any of these characters, in a box.”
Thanks to successful fundraising efforts, KRTU 91.7FMwent live with a new, stronger terrestrial broadcast signal in April 2017.
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STAFF Staff at Trinity University are lifelong learners whose talents grow the University as an exceptional place to study and work. They contribute diverse backgrounds and perspectives to the culture of the University, serving as leaders, mentors, and role models for the campus community. Staff create new and innovative advances in higher education, propelling the education of the whole student forward.
MARGUERITE AVERY / Trinity University Pressmoderated the panel “Says Who? Authority Issues When Publishing Collaborative Digital Scholarship” at the annual conference of the American Association of University Presses in Austin, Texas. She also spoke on the panel “Intellectual Freedom and Open Access: Working Toward a Common Goal” at the annual meeting of the American Library Association in Chicago. Additionally, she served as a project reviewer for the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. JEANNA BALREIRA ’08 / Strategic Communications & Marketingwas an invited panelist for “Technology is the Easy Part” at Acquia Engage in Boston in November 2016. She also gave a webinar with Acquia and ImageX Media on “From Stone Age-worthy Sites to Cohesive Content: How Trinity University is using Drupal to enhance their EDU space” in November 2016. Additionally, Balreira and Stephanie Enoch / Strategic Communications & Marketing presented “Request for Partnership: Avoiding the pitfalls of the traditional RFP process” at the HighEdWeb conference in Memphis in October 2016.
MICHELLE BARTONICO / Strategic Communications & Marketingearned her Project Management Professional (PMP) certification, an
industry-recognized certification for project managers.
VEE DUBOSE / Strategic Communications & Marketingwon five awards from Graphic Design USA (GDUSA) for her designs of President Danny J. Anderson’s inauguration invitation, the Trinity University alumni president’s reception cards, the Osmievy Ortega Stieren artist card, the CAT Alliance 2015 t-shirt, and the Ruth Taylor Fine Arts Center dedication program. MELISSA FLOWERS / Residential Lifeand Rachel Boaz / Residential Life received a $31,250 grant to enhance financial literacy offerings, including the Game of Life program for Trinity students, from the Financial Literacy of South Texas Foundation in May 2017.
ALYSE GRAY / Counseling Services became a Nationally Certified School Psychologist (NCSP), a designation that recognizes school psychologists who meet rigorous national standards for graduate preparation and continuing professional development.
KATHERINE HEWITT / Wellness Servicespresented “Strategies and Activities to Engage your Campus,” a Tobacco-Free College Campus Initiative webinar sponsored by the U.S. Department of Health & Human
bolded Trinity faculty, staff, students, or alumni *Trinity undergraduate researchers
Services. The webinar discussed the development of the tobacco-free Trinity policy and successful outreach activities including the #1DayStand Against Tobacco, Tobacco-Free Trinity poster series campaign, and the Tobacco-Free Town Hall event.
KINDEL HOLLIS / Admissionspresented “Check Your Privilege Card: A Conversation About Gender, Inclusion, and Equality In Our Profession” at the International Association for College Admissions Counseling conference in June 2016 and the Council of International Schools Forum on International Admissions and Guidance in November 2016. She also presented “How Secondary School Curricular Developments are Preparing Interculturally Competent University Students” with the College Board at the College Board Southwestern Regional Forum in February 2017, and “Financial Aid for International Students—Show Me the Money!” at the Rocky Mountain, Southern, and Texas Association of College Admissions Counseling conference in April 2017. LISA JASINSKI / Academic Affairs co-authored “Navigating Course Selection with Self-Knowledge: The Advising Puppy Takes the Bite out of Academic Planning” for Academic Advising Today in May 2017. She also published the book review “Opportunity
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PICTURE THIS Smash-hit Arte Kids book series blends art and bilingual reading by Jeremy Gerlach
Shapes in English? Números en Español? Thanks to its unique “Arte Kids” book line, Trinity University Press is changing the game for young readers who may be or aim to be bilingual. Tom Payton, director of TU Press, says the Arte Kids series blends reading in Spanish and English with visual learning thanks to vibrant colors, diverse subjects ranging from animals to numbers and shapes, and stunning art from the lush galleries of the San Antonio Museum of Art.
strengths,” Payton says. In San Antonio, SAPLF has been able to distribute tens of thousands of books to the parents of newborn children for free, thanks to Semmes. TU Press has also partnered with local children’s museums and literacy programs nationally to send books home, free of charge, to thousands of children. “These are children of often lower-income households that may not have big libraries and whose parents’ dollars have other places to go besides books,” Payton says. One of the key missions of TU Press is to promote early childhood education in the community. H-E-B, Target, and other large chains have sold the
“With ‘Arte Kids,’ we’ve made something that parents and kids can keep going back to and reading together over and over again.” “These are the only early reader bilingual board books on the market right now that use art as a teaching tool,” Payton says. “And while other books, we found, have very Eurocentric artwork—landscapes and portraits in soft colors—our books have engaging images and topics that are more culturally relevant to young readers, and their parents wanting their kids to be bilingual (in English and Spanish).” The Arte Kids line, which includes hits such as Hello Circulos, Animal Amigos!, and 1,2,3 Si, is a partnership between the TU Press; the San Antonio Museum of Art, which provided the artwork for each book; and the San Antonio Public Library foundation (SAPLF). The book line was funded through generous gifts from the Semmes Family Foundation, under the direction of Trinity Trustee Thomas R. Semmes, whom Payton credited as the true visionary behind the publishing initiative. “This has been a perfect example of success when local nonprofits collaborate and work to their best
books at select locations; so have museums, such as at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. The books have also garnered several awards, including the Silver Prize in the children’s category from the Latino Book Awards. Following on this success, TU Press has just published two new books in the series: Vamos Body and Outside Todo el Dia, one book about discovering the human body and another about learning to see nature and the outdoors. The books themselves, Payton notes, hold value long past the first reading. “When you talk about putting art inside a book, it makes reading simple but complicated at the same time,” Payton says. “These books become the first books in their art book collection. With ‘Arte Kids,’ we’ve made something that parents and kids can keep going back to and reading together over and over again, even as the kids get older.”
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in Disruption: Review of Jon McGee’s Breakpoint: The Changing Marketplace for Higher Education” in Higher Education in 2016. Jasinski received a national Philanthropic Educational Organization (P.E.O.) Scholar Award to support the completion of her doctoral dissertation. Scholar Awards are given to women in doctoral programs who have shown leadership potential. She gave the talk “Undercover Innovator” at South by Southwest (SXSWedu) in Austin, Texas, in March 2017, and she presented “A Scholarship of Teaching & Learning Approach to Understanding Off-Campus Program Leaders” at the American Association of Colleges & Universities conference in San Francisco in January 2017. Additionally, Jasinski co-presented “Fostering and Sustaining Vocational Exploration Among Faculty and Staff” at the Network for Vocation in Undergraduate Education National Conference sponsored by the Council of Independent Colleges in Charlotte, N.C., in March 2017. With a team of collaborators, she presented “Faculty as Global Learners: The Transformative Impact of Leading Off-Campus Programs” at Integrating Global Learning with the University Experience, hosted by Elon University in North Carolina in June 2017.
KRTU 91.7FM STAFFachieved fundraising goals for the KRTU Tower Initiative, going live with a new, stronger terrestrial broadcast signal in April 2017. MEGAN KRUSE / Office of the Dean of Studentsand David Tuttle / Associate Vice President and Dean of Students presented “CAS 101: Assessing and Adjusting Student Conduct Programs in Private Universities” at the 2017 Association for Student Conduct Administrators (ASCA) annual conference.
THE MEXICO, THE AMERICAS, AND SPAIN (MAS) PROGRAM was awarded a record 21 Alvarez Internship Grants (AIG) in 2016-17.
These grants work to strengthen community relationships while encouraging experiential learning. Additionally, MAS helped organize the first Latinos Heritage Month at Trinity in Fall 2016.
MIKE PATTERSON / Planned Givingwon an Award of Excellence in feature writing presented by the National Episcopal Communicators organization.
TOM PAYTON / Trinity University Pressparticipated on the panels “Better Content, More Prestige: Original Acquisitions and Evaluation” at the Feria Internacional del Libro in Guadalajara, Mexico, and “Get Creative: The Challenges (and Opportunities) of Working with Authors of Creative Works” at the annual conference of the American Association of University Press in Austin, Texas. Additionally, Payton delivered the keynote address “On the Need for Disruption in the Book Business” at the Gemini Ink Writers Conferencei n San Antonio and spoke on “Celebrating Independent Publishing” for the Texas Writers League.
DAVID PERALES / Information Technology Servicesand Andrea Jones / Business Office presented “IT Administrative Governance: Trinity’s Roadmap Toward Implementation” in March 2017 at Ellucian Live in Orlando, Fla.
RICHARD REAMS / Counseling Servicesgave the professional development presentation “Taking LGBQ-Affirmative Therapy to the Next Level” for the Fort Bend Psychological Association, the Houston Psychoanalytic Society, and the UT Health San Antonio.
SHARON JONES SCHWEITZER ’75 / Strategic Communications & Marketingwas nominated and selected to participate in Class XIII of the Masters Leadership Program (MLP). MLP provides proven leaders with an in-
depth understanding of the political, economic, cultural, civic, and governmental fabric of San Antonio while securing their commitment to serve the community through board service and volunteerism.
TAYLOR STAKES / Strategic Communications & Marketingand Joshua Moczygemba / Strategic Communications & Marketing gave a webinar on the making of and success of Trinity University’s live-streaming service, the Tiger Network. THE STRATEGIC COMMUNICATIONS AND MARKETING TEAMreceived awards for marketing and creative projects from MarComm. The Trinity magazine and the Parent Perspective blog received platinum awards, the “This is Trinity Athletics” video received the gold award, and the STEM landing page and the fine arts video received honorable mention.
BURGIN STREETMAN / Trinity University Pressserved on the storyboard for Texas Public Radio’s “Worth Repeating” event series, where she also performed in 2016.
EMILY STUMME / Strategic Communications & Marketingearned her user experience (UX) certification with a concentration in design, which highlights mastery in UX fundamentals, research, interaction, and testing. JAMIE THOMPSON / Student Involvement, Twyla Hough / Career Services, Melissa Flowers / Residential Life, and Jacob Tingle ’95 / Business Administration received a NetVUE Program Development Grant by the Council of Independent Colleges. The purpose of the grant is to deepen the intellectual and theological exploration of vocation among undergraduate students. Additionally, Thompson and Flowers presented the pre-conference workshop “Facilitating Coordinated MAGAZINE.TRINITY.EDU/IMPACT IMPACT
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and Effective (and Fun!) Assessment In Student Affairs” at the 2017 Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education (NASPA) annual conference.
THE TRINITY SPORTS INFORMATION TEAMwas named the
from left to right Justin Parker, Brianne Davis, Joshua Moczygemba, and James Hill
WE’VE GOT YOU COVERED Trinity sports information team receives conference honor by James Hill ’76
Trinity’s sports information teamhas received a high honor from the Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference (SCAC). The four-member crew has been tabbed as the inaugural SCAC Sports Information Staff of the Year. Voting was conducted by the conference peer council. The all-Tiger-alumni team is made up of Justin Parker ’99, associate director of athletics and sports information director; Brianne Davis ’15, assistant director of athletics and sports communications; Joshua Moczygemba ’05, sports marketing coordinator; and James Hill ’76, assistant sports information director. The sports information team is charged with the mission of telling the stories of Trinity’s 18 intercollegiate varsity sports. In addition to competition recaps and previews, the staff provides full coverage for all Tiger student-athletes and coaches, as well as runs the University’s Tiger Network at live.trinity.edu. All events receive thorough attention from the staff, whether it’s a football game on campus, a cross country meet in Georgia, or tennis matches in California. In April, the staff provided media coverage and hosted two SCAC spring sports championships for tennis and track & field concurrently. In addition, they played a large role in the success of the conference tennis championships, which were relocated to the Trinity campus in early March.
Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference (SCAC) Sports Information Staff of the Year. The all-alumni team is made up of Justin Parker ’99, Brianne Davis ’15, Joshua Moczygemba ’05, and James Hill ’76.
TRINITY UNIVERSITY PRESS published numerous books that won several awards, including the Fred Whitehead Award from the Texas Institute of Letters (The Luck Archive), 50 Books/50 Covers Award from the American Institute of Graphic Design (A Muse and a Maze), and Silver Award for Best Book of the Year from ForeWord (A Muse and a Maze). A Muse and a Maze appeared on The New York Times bestseller list for two weeks. In addition, books received attention in more than150 print, radio, television, and online media outlets internationally including Publishers Weekly, Kirkus Review, Library Journal, Huffington Post, National Public Radio, Public Radio International, Texas Public Radio, KQED (San Francisco),WNYC(New York), Radio New Zealand,and major city newspapers n ationwide. Authors published by the Press participated in 200 book events across the United States. Select books published by the Press were translated into Japanese and Chinese.
CYNTHIA UVIEDO ’93 / Annual Givingalong with Lexi Read / Alumni Relations and Jim Stryker ’14 / Annual Giving presented “Beyond Senior Gift: Seasons of Philanthropy” at the Council for the Advancement and Support of Education (CASE) District IV Conference in Fort Worth in March 2017.
DIALOGUE with DR. DEE A note from the Vice President for Academic Affairs
While reading this issue of IMPACT, a smile slowly crept across my face. And with every accomplishment, award, creative project, and publication that I read about in the issue— that smile got a little bigger and a little brighter. I am so honored to have the privilege to work with such inspiring and pioneering colleagues like those here at Trinity University! Through programs like the Mellon Initiative and our Summer Undergraduate Research Program, Trinity faculty have proven that undergraduate research knows no disciplinary boundaries. More than 80 percent of academic departments now sponsor at least one summer research opportunity for talented students. And to expand access to these powerful learning experiences, a growing number of courses now include embedded original research projects during the academic year. Yet, while there is so much to celebrate from the past year, I would like to take this opportunity to issue a thought for the year ahead. I believe that we are poised to become the national leader in involving undergraduates in faculty research but we should also feel the challenge to be the national leader in inclusive excellence for the increasing diverse populations that are entering and will continue to enter our great University. Since 2008 only 31 percent of our underrepresented students have graduated with a STEM degree even though 54 percent begin with an interest in STEM. Thus, it is incumbent that we become more intentional about recognizing and deconstructing the pedagogical barriers that may limit some students’ success in STEM and other
disciplines, while seeking to address the dynamics of the changing demographics, economic challenges, and cultural shifts for the job aspirations of our student body. The Trinity Tomorrow strategic plan challenges us to redefine the liberal arts and science education and to integrate these into our professional programs. I believe that we are already at the forefront of developing some novel pedagogical models that are based on mutual learning, respect for diverse frames of references, and shared inquiry for authentic problem-solving that we know are imperative for the 21st century learner. In the last year, Trinity students have partnered with their faculty mentors to investigate “big” questions in labs, in archives, in the natural environment, and in the community. Their research has taken them to the campus, across the city of San Antonio, and to exotic locations including the jungles of Indonesia, performance stages in Italy, and the Canadian wilderness. Working as partners, students and their mentors have made discoveries together, regularly co-presented research at scholarly conferences, and co-authored professional publications. As chief academic officer, I am ready to support you to expand these very rich experiences so that they will deliberately engage all students, to push the boundaries within multiple disciplines, and to develop innovative, promising practices for the classroom. Trinity, I believe we have the skills, expertise, and the courage to blaze this new trail together. So, onward and upward as we continue our Trinity journey!
Even within a short span of time, your whole worldview can change. The bubble you have about the world breaks. You go with an idea of how Mexico is, and you come back with a completely different one. - Dante Suarez, Finance & Decision Sciences Spring 2017 faculty and student trip to Monterrey Tec in Monterrey, Mexico
One Trinity Place San Antonio, Texas 78212-7200 Change service requested.
There are not many places in the world where undergraduates can take the lead in solving the important problems of our time. - Aaron Delwiche, Department of Communication