Dental News December 2021 & Yearbook 2022

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How CBCT is becoming an essential tool in decision making?


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How CBCT is becoming an essential tool in decision making

42. EDSIC 2021

P Dhanrajani, Tony Rynberg, Gabriel Hajjar


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How Often Are Dental Care Workers Exposed to Occupational Characteristics that Put Them at Higher Risk of Exposure and Transmission of COVID-19? Sonica Singhal, Christine Warren, Erin Hobin, Brendan Smith

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How CBCT is becoming an essential tool in decision making Abstract

Dr P Dhanrajani BDS, MDS, MSc, MSC, FRACDS, FDSRCS, FFDRCSI Oral Surgeon

Dr Tony Rynberg, BDS Senior Dentist

Dr Gabriel Hajjar, BDS HCF Dental Centre Network Clinical Manager

Radiographic signs, detectable on an orthopantomogram (OPG) indicating the presence of close relationship between the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and lower third molar requires further investigation to better understand its relevant course. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is an essential radiographic investigation for understanding the accurate course of the IAN in high risk mandibular third molars. This has become a standard preoperative risk assessment for lower third molar procedures1,2,3. Coronectomy has been proposed as a valid treatment option to reduce the risk of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury in selected cases. It is increasingly

becoming the standard of care to assess its applicability during the development of the treatment plan and to explain the advantages and disadvantages during the consultation4,5. The technique of coronectomy as described by Pogrel6, where the tooth is sectioned at the CEJ is being used more widely within the profession since then. The modified coronectomy is a variation of the technique where the crown is sectioned at or below the furcation with further reduction of the height of the roots. This aims to allow a good skirt of alveolar bone around the roots and the advancement of the buccal flap to achieve primary closure for good postoperative bone and soft tissue healing.

Clinical Relevance This paper supports the routine use of CBCT as a preoperative decision-making tool for the removal of lower third molars to prevent IAN nerve injuries. The traditional state of the art imaging, orthopantomogram (OPG), may be sufficient in most cases, however CBCT is essential, when one or more signs of close contact between the tooth and mandibular canal are seen on standard panoramic radiography.

Introduction Imaging investigation is undoubtably an essential protocol required to achieve proper diagnosis and to executing treatment plan. The traditional method and state of art is panoramic imaging. There are some limitations of this two-dimensional imaging which


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How CBCT is becoming an essential tool in decision making

lacks in high diagnostic accuracies when it comes to assessment of the risk in surgical extractions of lower third molars. Extractions of lower third molars carry risk to the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN), varying from 0.42% to 7.8%. Risk varies between the operating skills of individuals. The cost of medicolegal litigation settlement in these cases have been sky rocketing1,2. Increasing use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) aids assessment of the relationship of the IAN and roots in providing treatment planning to reduce the risk of nerve trauma. Coronectomy is an alternative procedure increasingly accepted world-wide to reduce the risk of nerve injuries3,4,5. This paper presents and highlights the shortcoming of panoramic imaging and elaborates the importance of cone beam CT as an important tool in visualising the course of inferior alveolar nerve in relation to lower third molars. Nowadays the CBCT technology is available in most of the chairside clinics and clinical situation like this can get advantage in achieving proper diagnosis and executing appropriate treatment plan.

Figure 1: Orthopantomogram showing RL8 roots crossing upper white line and darkening LL8 roots crossing both white lines

It was decided to request a Cone Beam CT to substantiate findings of the routine OPG in relation to the IAN. CBCT revealed the following findings: LL8: IAC was running buccal to roots of LL8 which had 3 roots (Fig 2). RL8: IAC was seen running between the buccal root which was hooked mesially and lingual roots at its apex, vulnerable to surgical injury (Fig 3).

Case Report A 23-year-old girl presented to the oral and maxillofacial clinic referred by her general dental practitioner as an emergency. She had history of recurrent pain and discomfort associated with her lower wisdom teeth. The dentist attempted to remove her lower right wisdom tooth (RL8) under local anaesthetic to alleviate pain but was not able to anaesthetise and decided to refer her to a maxillofacial surgeon.

Figure 2: Sagittal sections at RL8 root area showing round circular area at the apex of roots suggestive of IAN proximation.

She was fit and well and a regular visitor to her dentist. During the consultation visit, the patient described having pain on the right lower side. Clinical examination revealed that RL8 was partially erupted showing mild pericoronitis with soft tissue lacerations, suggesting a recent attempted extraction. LL8 was impacted, UR8 was buccally inclined and UL8 partially erupted and buccally inclined and traumatising cheek mucosa. An orthopantomogram (OPG) revealed RL8 and LL8 were mesioangularly impacted and their roots were crossing both upper and lower white lines of the inferior alveolar canal (IAC). LL8 roots showed darkening of root at the level of IAC (Fig 1).


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Figure 3: Sagittal sections at LL8 root area IAC passing buccal to the roots. December 2021

Coronectomy How CBCT is becoming an essential tool in decision making

On discussion with the patient, keeping in mind the clinical and CBCT findings, the option of coronectomy was suggested for LL8 and RL8. If roots become loose during the procedure, then complete removal. The patient consented to have her wisdom teeth removed and coronectomies for the lower wisdom teeth under general anaesthesia. A standard coronectomy technique for removal of RL8 tooth was carried out. Lingual periosteum was not reflected to avoid lingual nerve injury. Following sectioning and trimming of the tooth until the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), there was insufficient soft tissue to achieve primary closure of the socket.

IT‘S MY CHOICE. The decision on which abutment is best for your patient – conical or platform – is yours. Figure 4: Orthopantomogram post-op coronectomy RL8 and complete removal of LL8.

To achieve good primary closure, it was decided to modify the procedure and trim the roots up to the furcation to ensure a sound collar of alveolar bone and advance the buccal flap. This modification helped significantly during primary closure of the socket. LL8 tooth was removed completely as the roots became loose as well as UR8 and LU8. The post-operative phase was uneventful, and she recovered well (Fig 4).

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Discussion Radiographic examination precedes and contributes to the treatment planning and decision making of removal of lower wisdom teeth and aims to reduce post-operative complications. OPG will often be the first gold standard imaging method of choice for evaluation of mandibular third molars. An OPG finding undoubtably provides valuable information about state of impaction, tooth position, morphology of roots and most importantly the relation between tooth/roots and the mandibular canal3,4,5.


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Studies6,7 suggest that seven specific signs observed on OPG: a. darkening of roots b. deflection of roots c. narrowing of roots d. bifid root apex e. diversion of canal f. narrowing of canal g. interruption of white lines of canal are a reliable way to assess the relationship between third molars and the mandibular canal. From the above seven signs, interruption of radio-opaque white lines of the canal, diversion of canal and darkening of the roots are the most valid to predict a close contact which guides the clinician to investigate the relation further by requesting a CBCT8. In recent years, coronectomy has been put forward as a valid treatment modality where the risk of injury to IAN is imminent. The technique is gaining popularity worldwide but still remains controversial. Salzma et al9 did a study comparing high risk signs identified on OPG in impacted third molars and CBCT and their effect on treatment decisions. The result showed surgeons confidence in treatment decisions increased after CBCT imaging resulting in fewer coronectomies. The population of this study was specialist oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Another study by Baqain et al10 reported use of CBCT provides a better understanding of the anatomic relationship between IAN and roots of lower third molars. However, they found that for experienced surgeons dealing with impacted lower wisdom teeth with evidence of proximity to IAC, an OPG alone could decide on the treatment modality without CBCT. This is contradictory to our presentation. The case presented was successfully managed by a modified coronectomy and achieved good primary closure and subsequent healing.

How CBCT is becoming an essential tool in decision making

question. Coronectomy offers a safe alternative where extraction of lower third molars has an established high risk of IAN injury. The evidence that is emerging so far is quite encouraging and in general shows good outcomes. Two lessons to be learnt from this case are: 1. If the dentist had removed the tooth without the CBCT finding, IAN injury was highly likely. 2. A modified coronectomy is sometimes required to achieve primary closure and avoid a gap in the wound and post op healing issues.

Abbrevations SC: Standard coronectomy MC: Modified coronectomy IAC/N: Inferior Alveolar canal/Nerve LN: Lingual Nerve OPG: Orthopantomogram CBCT: Cone Beam CT scan

References 1. Matzen L, Wenzel A. Efficacy of CBCT for assessment of impacted third molars: a review-based on hierarchical model of evidence Dentomaxillofacial Radiology 2015; 44: 20140189. 2. Neves F, Souza T, Ameilda S, Haiter-Neto F, Freitas D and Boscolo F. Correlation of panoramic radiography and cone beam CT findings in the assessment of the relationship between impacted third molars and the mandibular canal. Dentomaxillofacial Radiology 2012; 41: 553-557. 3. Martzen L, Christensen J, Hintze H, Schou S, Wenzel A. Influence of cone beam CT on treatment plan before surgical intervention of mandibular third molars and impact of radiographic factors on deciding on coronectomy vs surgical removal. Dentomaxillofacial Radiology 2113; 42: 98870341: 2-8. 4. Dhanrajani PJ, Smith M. Coronectomy: A recognised procedure? Oral

This case also raises the limitation of the traditional method of imaging with an OPG and shows the importance of CBCT in deciding on the treatment plan. The patient initially visited her dentist in pain with the RL8 and the dentist attempted to remove the tooth to alleviate pain based only on her OPG finding which showed the root apex crossing the upper white line of IAC. Only after referring to a specialist, where CBCT revealed the course of IAC running between the roots of RL8, was the risk of nerve injury avoided.

Surg 2018;11:4:273-282. 5. Dhanrajani PJ, Smith M. Coronectomy Patients with comorbidities, carious teeth and associated cyst, 10 years’ experience. Dentalnews; 2021, 8-22. 6. Pogrel MA, Lee JJ, Muff DF. Coronectomy: A technique to protect the inferior alveolar nerve. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2004; 62; (12): 1447-1452. 7. Rood J, Shehab B. The radiological prediction of inferior alveolar nerve injury during third molar surgery. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1990;28:20-25. 8. Renton T. Update on coronectomy. A safer way to remove high-risk mandibular third molars. Dental Update 2013; 40: 362-368.


9. Szalma J, Vajta L, Lovasz B, Kiss C, Soos B, Lempel E. Identification of specific high-risk signs in impacted third molar cases in which cone beam computed tomography changes the treatment decision. J Oral

It is becoming the standard of care for both general dentists interested in removal of third molar, as well as oral and maxillofacial surgeons, to request and assess a CBCT where the proximity of the roots to the IAN is in


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Maxillof Surg 2020;78:1061-1070. 10. Baqain Z, AlHadidi A, AbuKaraky A, Khader Y. Does the use of ConeBeam Computed Tomography before mandibular third molar surgery impact treatment planning? J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020;78:1071-1077.

December 2021

Community Dentistry

How Often Are Dental Care Workers Exposed to Occupational Characteristics that Put Them at Higher Risk of Exposure and Transmission of COVID-19? Abstract

Sonica Singhal, BDS, MPH, PhD, FRCD(C) public health dentist

Christine Warren, MPH epidemiologist

Erin Hobin, PhD scientist

Brendan Smith, PhD scientist

Introduction: Occupational characteristics of dental care — including closed environment, proximity to staff and patients and the use of aerosol-generating procedures — put workers at high risk of COVID-19 exposure and transmission. We describe the frequency of workplace situations that potentially increase the risk of exposure to COVID-19 in dental care compared with other occupations including health care. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using sociodemographic and occupational data from the 2016 Canadian census linked to workplace characteristics from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET) dataset. We assessed frequency of workplace indicators using an intensity score from 0 (low) to 100 (high) from O*NET on exposure to infection or disease, physical proximity to others, indoor controlled environments, standard protective equipment and specialized protective equipment.

Results: In 2016, 87 815 Canadians worked in the 5 dentistry occupations of interest: dentists; denturists; dental hygienists and dental therapists; dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants; and dental assistants. These occupations were routinely ranked in the top 10 of all occupations examined in terms of exposure to workplace indicators that increase the risk of exposure to COVID-19. Dental hygienists and dental therapists, dental assistants, dentists and denturists, rank as the top 4 occupations, in that order, with the highest exposure to disease or infection and physical proximity to others combined. Conclusions: Compared with other occupations, dental care workers are at a higher risk of occupational exposure to COVID-19. These results support the development of workplace guidance to reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission and enhance the well-being of the dental care workforce.

Occupational risk assessment is a method “for estimating health risks from exposure to various levels of a workplace hazard.”1 As workplace transmission was observed early in the COVID 19 pandemic,2 characterizing the role of the workplace in COVID-19 exposure and transmission became an important public health consideration. Republished from the Journal of the Canadian Dental Association

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Agencies, including the World Health Organization,3 the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety4 and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),5 emphasize the importance of understanding the risk of exposure to and transmission of COVID-19 associated with varying occupations and implementing workplace safety or mitigation strategies accordingly. December 2021


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How Often Are Dental Care Workers Exposed to Occupational Characteristics that Put Them at Higher Risk of Exposure and Transmission of COVID-19?

Current evidence indicates that COVID-19 spreads primarily among people who come into close contact (≤ 2 m); transmission is via respiratory droplets generated when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks.5 There is increasing evidence that transmission also occurs through aerosols and less evidence that surface transmission is a major route.6 Health care workers are considered to be at a higher risk of exposure to infectious diseases compared with other occupations. Their increased COVID-19 risk results from the provision of treatment, performing “essential” and other routine services for patients with COVID-19 and regular communication with staff and the public in a typical work day.7 In Canada, as of 23 July 2020, 19% (21 842) of all COVID-19 cases were among health care workers.8

census, which included 18,497,145 labour force participants.18 The 2016 census classified occupation using the hierarchical National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 system. We identified occupations using the NOC 2016 4-digit unit group codes, representing the most specific occupational description available (n = 500). Occupational characteristics of interest were provided by the publicly available Occupational Information Network (O*NET) database (v. 24.3; updated May 2020) developed by the United States Department of Labor/ Employment and Training Administration.19 O*NET is a comprehensive database20 that includes characteristics (e.g., skills, knowledge and abilities) on 974 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) occupations in the United States.21

A CDC data from 13 locations in the United States between 1 March and 31 May 2020 showed that health care workers accounted for 6% of adults admitted to hospital with COVID-19.9 Dental care workers face unique challenges in mitigating COVID-19 transmission when delivering care as they work in closed environments in close proximity to staff and patients and they conduct aerosol-generating procedures.10,11 COVID-19 outbreaks have been reported in dental offices in Canada,12-17 although none included provider-to-patient or patient-to-provider transmission.

Linking the 2016 Census to O*NET Occupational characteristics from O*NET were mapped to occupations in the 2016 census using a publicly available “crosswalk” between occupational classifications systems from the United States (SOC)21 and Canada (NOC 2016), described elsewhere.22 This data linkage combines a rich set of population-representative occupation and sociodemographic data in Canada with comprehensive data on workplace indicators that increase risk of exposure to and transmission of COVID-19. Complete O*NET information was available for 485 of 500 NOC 2016 4-digit occupations.

However, any time an outbreak is reported, it creates panic among dental workers, regulators and associations, and queries related to the nature and extent of the outbreak arise. This raises an important question: what is the risk of occupational exposure to COVID-19 in the dental care workforce compared with other occupations including health care? Understanding the occupational characteristics that increase the risk of COVID-19 exposure and transmission would support the development of upstream prevention measures for the profession, both at the workplace (e.g., developing workplace policies, training dental staff about infection prevention) and regulatory levels (e.g., paid sick leave, compensation for exposure to hazard during a pandemic).7


Study Design and Sample Population We conducted a cross-sectional study of employed people aged 15 and over who completed the longform 2016 Canadian Census of Population. The longform 2016 Census was completed by 25% of Canadian households and includes detailed information related to demographic, social and economic characteristics.18 For this study, Statistics Canada provided customized aggregate-level tables of data from the 2016 Canadian


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Occupational Characteristics O*NET gathers information on occupational indicators through self-reported Likert-scale ratings in questionnaires administered to about 25 people in each SOC occupation.23 For each indicator, occupationspecific continuous weighted-average intensity scores, ranging from 0 to 100, are calculated.23 Recently, O*NET indicators have been used to describe occupational characteristics related to COVID-19 risk in the United States and the United Kingdom.24-27 Based on the existing literature and established COVID-19 risk factors, such as close physical contact, aerosol transmission in indoor settings and accessibility of personal protective equipment (PPE),10,11,24-28 5 O*NET indicators were selected for this study. For each of these, the specific questions asked and derived continuous weightedaverage intensity scores were as follows. • Frequency by which workers are exposed to diseases or infections: Based on the question “How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?” intensity scores were: 0 = never exposed, 25 = once a year, 50 = once a month, 75 = once a week, 100 = every day. December 2021


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How Often Are Dental Care Workers Exposed to Occupational Characteristics that Put Them at Higher Risk of Exposure and Transmission of COVID-19?

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• Physical proximity to other workers in a typical workday: Based on the question “How physically close to other people are you when you perform your current job?” intensity scores were: 0 = do not work near people, 25 = work with others, but not closely, 50 = slightly close, e.g., shared office, 75 = moderately close, e.g., arm’s length, 100 = very close, e.g., near touching. • Indoors, environmentally controlled: Based on the question “How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?” intensity scores were: 0 = never, 25 = once a year, 50 = once a month, 75 = once a week, 100 = every day. • Wear common protective or safety equipment: Based on the question “How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment?” intensity scores were: 0 = never, 25 = once a year, 50 = once a month, 75 = once a week, 100 = every day. • Wear specialized protective or safety equipment: Based on the question “How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment, such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits or radiation protection?” intensity scores were: 0 = never, 25 = once a year, 50 = once a month, 75 = once a week,

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Dental Occupations Dental care workers were defined as those working in the following NOC 2016 4-digit occupations: 3113 dentists; 3221 denturists; 3222 dental hygienists and dental therapists; 3223 dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants; and 3411 dental assistants. In total, 87 815 individuals worked in dentistry occupations of interest. Sociodemographic Characteristics Characteristics for each dentistry NOC 2016 4-digit occupation included median employment income (2015 Canadian dollars [CAD]) and aggregate counts for the total number of workers and across sociodemographic information, including age (15–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65+ years); sex (male/female); immigrant status (non-immigrant, immigrant, nonpermanent residents); household income adequacy quintiles; and visible minority status as proxy for race/ethnicity (Visible minority total, South Asian, East Asian, Black, Southeast Asian, Middle Eastern, Latin American, Visible minority included elsewhere, Multiple visible minorities, Nonvisible minority).

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100 = every day. In addition, ability to work from home (yes/no) was assessed given its potential for reducing an occupation’s risk of COVID-19 infection transmission. Ability to work from home was derived for SOC occupations from Dingel & Nieman’s white paper,29 by applying cut-offs to ordinal responses for 17 O*NET indicators related to work context and activities.

Statistical Analysis Demographic characteristics of the 5 dental occupations (n = 87 815) were assessed descriptively using univariate analysis. For each O*NET indicator, we identified the top 10 occupations (n = 485) based on their respective scores. The O*NET scores of all dental occupations, irrespective of representing the top 10 occupations for the O*NET indicator, were assessed and presented. A cross-tabulation for the 2 most relevant indicators — exposure to infection/ disease and physical proximity to others — was conducted to calculate an average


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December 2021

score to assess which occupations are at the highest risk of exposure to COVID-19 because of the nature of the occupation.


Occupational exposure and sociodemographic information about the 5 dental occupations are presented in Table 1. In 2016, of the 87 815 Canadians who worked in the 5 dentistry occupations of interest, most identified as dental assistants (n = 34 160), dental hygienists/therapists (n = 26 645) and dentists (n = 18 930). Compared with other dentistry occupations, a higher proportion of workers age ≥ 65 years were found among dentists (10%) and denturists (11%). Women were overrepresented in dental hygienist/therapist (98%) and dental assistant occupations (99%), but underrepresented in the other dentistry occupations, e.g., dentists (39%). The representation of immigrants in dental occupations varied from 16% among dental hygienists/therapists to 52% among dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants. Moreover, the proportion of people in dental occupations who were in the lowest household income quintile varied from 4% of dentists to 21% of dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants. Based on 2015 figures, dentists had the highest median income of the 5 occupations. Visible minority groups were prominent among dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants (37%) as well as dentists (35%). Workers who identified as East Asian, South Asian, Southeast Asian, and Middle

Eastern were the most prominent visible minority groups in all dentistry occupations. None of the 5 dental occupations allow the ability to work from home. Apart from dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants, dentistry occupations ranked high for all O*NET indicators except for “Wear specialized protective or safety equipment.” Dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants ranked high for 2 indicators: “Wear common protective or safety equipment” and “Indoors, environmentally controlled.” O*NET scores for the top 10 occupations in terms of risk of exposure to COVID-19 at work for each relevant indicator are presented in Table 2. • Frequency with which workers are exposed to diseases or infections: O*NET scores for the 10 most exposed occupations ranged from 89 to 100; these were all in health care including 4 dental occupations. The only dental occupation not in the top 10 was dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants, which scored 72. These scores are interpreted to mean that dental hygienists/therapists, dental assistants, dentists and denturists are all exposed to disease or infection almost every day, whereas dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants are exposed at least once a week. • Physical proximity to other workers in a typical workday: Of the top 10 occupations that require working in close physical proximity to others, 8 were in health care, including 4 dental occupations. O*NET scores were

Table 1: Sociodemographics and Occupational Information Network (O*NET) indicator scores for 5 dental occupations.

Note: Counts, proportions and income information are from the 2016 Canadian census. The Brookfield crosswalk23 was used to map O*NET indicators to National Occupational Classification codes used in the 2016 census.

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How Often Are Dental Care Workers Exposed to Occupational Characteristics that Put Them at Higher Risk of Exposure and Transmission of COVID-19?

96–100 for the top 10; dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants, who were not in the top 10, scored 52. Therefore, dentists, dental hygienists/ therapists, dental assistants and denturists nearly touch other individuals during their routine work, and dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants work only slightly close to others as they share office space. • Indoors, environmentally controlled: The top 10 occupations who work indoors in a controlled environment include only 2 in health care (pharmacists and chiropractors) and none in a dental occupation. The O*NET scores for these occupations were 99–100; dental occupations scored 97 for dental hygienists/ therapists and for dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants; 94 for dentists and denturists; and 92 for dental assistants. From the frequency perspective, the O*NET scores indicate that dental occupations work in environmentally controlled indoors almost all (if not all) days. • Wear common protective or safety equipment: Because 21 occupations reported wearing common protective equipment at all times in the workplace, an O*NET score of 100, all have been included in the table. Dental hygienists/therapists and dental assistants were the only 2 dental occupations among them. Dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants scored 93, and dentists and denturists both scored 91. These scores indicate that dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants, dentists and denturists wear common protective or safety equipment at almost all (if not all) times. • Wear specialized protective or safety equipment: Among the top 10 occupations, the only health care workers who wear specialized protective safety equipment are medical radiation technologists. O*NET scores for the top 10 ranged from 74 to 91. The 5 dental occupations scored 52 for dentists and denturists, 38 for dental assistants, 16 for dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants and 14 for dental hygienists/ therapists. This means that dentists and denturists wear specialized protective equipment almost once a month, dental assistants a few times in a year and dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants and dental hygienists/therapists very rarely. A bubble plot of all occupations (Figure 1) shows average O*NET scores for the 2 most prominent indicators: exposure to disease or infection and physical proximity to others in a typical workday. Of the 10 occupations with high scores for both indicators (upper right of the graph), all are in the health care sector, and dental hygienists/ therapists (100), dental assistants (97.5), dentists (96.5) and denturists (96.5) rank as the top 4.


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Discussion and Conclusion

This is the first study to attempt to assess the occupational characteristics that increase risk of exposure and transmission of COVID-19 in the dental care workforce compared with other occupations including health care. Based on O*NET indicators, our study suggests that dental care workers have potentially high occupational risk of such exposure and transmission. In particular, this risk relates to working in close physical proximity to others and a high frequency of exposure to disease or infection. Dental care workers had similar occupational risk of exposure to COVID-19 as some other health care occupations and, on average, higher risk compared with non-health care occupations in Canada. Although no patient-to-provider or provider-to-patient infection transmission cases have been reported in dental settings in Canada, it is important to acknowledge the potential for underreporting of patient acquisition of COVID-19 infection in dental offices; because symptoms may present only 2–14 days later, patients could have multiple exposures during that time making it difficult to identify specific sources. As such, the high O*NET scores observed among dental care workers for indicators, such as working in close proximity to others and exposure to infection/disease are, in a way, validated through multiple dental office outbreaks reported in the media, which were mainly among staff.12-17 Overall, our purpose is not to scare the dental community but rather provide data to allow better understanding of workplace characteristics that can increase risk of infection transmission. Attention has focused on how to prevent infection transmission during aerosol generating procedures, but only limited information is available on how staff communicate during off hours or in a staff room. This study will support dental professionals in targeting COVID-19 infection transmission prevention in their offices more comprehensively. In general, dental care workers do take utmost precautions during dental care delivery to prevent infection. This is evident from our findings that dental workers report using standard protection almost every day to at all times. None of the dental professions was in the top 10 occupations for wearing specialized protective equipment; this is understandable, as specialized protective gear is not required when providing standard care. Currently, specialized protective equipment in dental care occupations is only recommended under special circumstances, for example, when providing care to a patient with a highly infectious disease, such as COVID-19. December 2021

Table 2: Top 10 National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 occupations, based on relevant Occupational Information Network (O*NET) indicators and associated scores.

Note: Where >10 occupations had similar scores, all occupations are listed.

Community Dentistry

How Often Are Dental Care Workers Exposed to Occupational Characteristics that Put Them at Higher Risk of Exposure and Transmission of COVID-19?

Figure 1: Average Occupational Information Network scores for National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 occupations (n = 485) by physical proximity to others in a typical workday versus frequency with which workers are exposed to diseases or infections. The size of each “bubble” reflects the number of individuals working in that occupation (2016 census). Filled bubbles highlight occupations with the highest average score, and these are listed in descending order below.

Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, the use of nonroutine protective equipment, such as N95 respirators, American Society for Testing and Materials level 3 face masks, face shields, safety goggles and protective gowns, has been recommended, based on point-of-care risk assessment, while providing dental care.11 Familiarity with specialized protective equipment may have reduced COVID-19 outbreaks in dental care settings despite the increased occupational risk of exposure to COVID-19. Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems in dental care settings has been boldly underscored. Efficient HVAC systems in a dental operatory are directly linked to the time required to remove aerosol from the area after a procedure. With understanding that dental professionals are at the highest risk of exposure to COVID-19, not only because of conducting aerosol-generating procedures, but also because of other factors identified in this study (i.e., high exposure to disease or infections and working in close proximity to others), it becomes all the more important that they always work in controlled environments. However, results show that dental workers do work in a controlled environment almost every day; thus, inbuilt HVAC systems may not be sufficient to provide the desired


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indoor environment, especially in older constructions, and supplementary means, such as portable filters, might have to be employed.30 We found that dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants do not share the same high level of risk exposure as other dental workers. This may be because technicians work in laboratory settings and, therefore, have no physical contact with patients, have fewer interactions with other staff and are not exposed to infection directly. That said, a systematic review of crossinfection control in dental laboratories highlighted flaws in cross-infection control procedures and disinfection strategies and recommended improved training in disinfection in such settings.31 Another factor that is crucial in terms of controlling infection transmission is “presenteeism,” where employees are present at work despite having a sickness that justifies their absence and, as a result, are working under suboptimal conditions, which can be harmful to themselves and others.32 Our results show that no workers in the 5 dental occupations have the ability to work from home. Health care workers, including those in dentistry, are essential skilled workers. The limited availability of substitute workers is exacerbated during COVID-19; therefore, one may expect more presenteeism and, thus, more transmission December 2021

of infection. This observation calls for costeffective workplace interventions to reduce dental care worker presenteeism while maintaining a sustainable workforce.33 Some limitations identified in this work include acknowledgement that risk of exposure to COVID-19 at work measured through O*NET scores is based on typical job characteristics and activities within occupations, not a measure of association based on COVID-19 cases or COVID-19 transmission. Also, workplace exposure indicators were assessed before the COVID-19 pandemic and do not account for changes in workplace policies and/or infection mitigating strategies instituted during the pandemic, e.g., additional environmental controls, specialized personal protective equipment, maintaining physical distance.

occupations. In terms of assessing occupational risk indicators, O*NET scores were used, which cover working conditions that are derived from survey responses from large, representative samples of workers. Overall, the results of this study suggest that dental care workers are at a higher risk of exposure to COVID-19 at work than those in other occupations. In addition, the study also identifies opportunities where dental care workers have the potential to improve their work practices to further mitigate the risk of infectious disease transmission. The results of this study will be helpful to administrators and regulators in developing workplace guidance to not only reduce infection transmission but also ensure well-being of the dental care workforce.

Full article with references available on

In addition, the O*NET database is designed and maintained in the United States. Although, it is a common assumption that job characteristics, such as skills, knowledge and abilities, are generalizable to the Canadian workforce, practices such as frequency of wearing common protective or safety equipment might differ. A similar survey among Canadian dental workers would be useful for making more certain assessments. In addition, the O*NET scores are based on self-reported data, which can be subject to response bias. Misclassification of occupations can also occur for those who are engaged in more than 1 occupation, but we assume that such numbers would be very low. This analysis has several strengths. It was the first to specifically quantify the intensity of occupational characteristics that potentially increase the risk of exposure and transmission of COVID-19 in dental care workers and objectively compare them with other occupations. These indicators fill an important information gap regarding the lack of COVID-19 data by occupation in Ontario. The study includes the latest census data from Statistics Canada, which provide reliable and comprehensive populationbased Canadian information on specific

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Ultradent Named a Fortune Magazine Best Workplaces in Manufacturing and Production By Daniel Lewis Fortune Magazine, September 10, 2021

Workplace environment and culture are so often touted in job postings, recruiter messages, and ‘about us’ pages—but they can often be shallow houses built of cards, ready to topple with the slightest breeze of inquisition into their deeper meaning. Recognized as one of Fortune Magazine’s Best Large Workplaces in Manufacturing and Production for 2021, Ultradent’s claims to a caring work environment and engaging culture have been carefully curated since the company was formed in 1978. “This recognition is joyous for the whole Ultradent community,” says Ultradent Founder and CEO Emeritus, Dr. Dan Fischer. “I’m so proud of our team members and the inspirational accomplishments they’re able to achieve together.” Walking through the sprawling halls of Ultradent’s Salt Lake City area headquarters, you will eventually come across a long, curved hallway adorned with dozens upon dozens of smiling photos of longtime employees. Some recognized for 10 years of dedication, others for 20. New employees may wonder what keeps all of them around so long—could it simply be a paycheck and a few perks that would spur the kind commitment showcased in this hallway? It won’t take them long to figure out what it is: abundant care for employees combined with widespread trust in our mission of improving oral health globally. Ultradent colleagues take interest in each other in ways that are unique from the common workplace, reflected in Fortune’s top-10 recognition as a premier manufacturer to work for. “Culture is rooted to the core of this company, that’s evident from the first day you start here,” says Ultradent President and CEO Dirk Jeffs. “Our core values are as prominent in our actions as they are in our words, and that’s not always common.” Those core values of care, integrity, quality, innovation, and hard work are found in numerous locations around Ultradent HQ and are used to guide Ultradent’s action plans and decision-making processes.


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“More than four decades ago when I first started Ultradent in our home, it was my family, my children helping me,” Fischer says. “As we grew, we brought in more family members, then friends. Eventually, we had to start hiring from outside our immediate circle, and we wanted to ensure the same family environment remained throughout our various expansions.” “By adhering to these core values, we’ve been able to create a consistent culture despite growing to more than 1,600 global employees with offices on 5 continents. It’s really remarkable, and it’s a credit to the amazing people we’ve been lucky enough to call colleagues over the past four-plus decades,” Fischer adds. Ultradent invests in a progressive Human Resources team whose purpose is to constantly find the ideal balance between human experience and profitable outcomes. «Not every company can find the balance for culture and profitability,” says Ultradent VP of Human Resources David Alsop. That is one of the unique and extraordinary elements of working for this company. We invest in the development of leaders and employees who partner to find maximum success here, as well as at home. We do everything we can to support the financial, physical, and mental wellness of our people. As an example, we’re now able to offer profit bonuses for team members worldwide as we achieve profit goals. The profit bonus is just one example of how we invest in our people as they invest in our shared company success. Our benefits and development programs go above and beyond to ensure the best quality of life for everyone here at Ultradent.» Recognition as a Fortune Magazine Best Workplace in Manufacturing and Technology doesn’t come easy—the culture and environment acknowledged by Fortune have been meticulously crafted over more than 40 years. Dr. Fischer often says “Companies are not made of concrete, glass, and steel, they’re made of people serving people.” December 2021

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Resin Based Blocks beyond your imagination Introduction Implant prosthetics and dental prosthetics differ considerably, with the absence of periodontal ligament in the implant/ prosthesis complex. This situation causes mechanical problems to the implants, especially to the implant prosthetic material, due the lack of stress absorption resulting from the normal impact during chewing (1) (2). Among the problems we face in daily practice is the unscrewing and fracturing of veneering material of the implant crown and fracturing of implant/ abutment components. It is very important to consider that resin based blocks give us the missing part from ceramic materials to solve the problem of anterior exposure. It is also necessary to consider the importance of reliable bonding/union between the resin block and the abutment component of the

implant, because the right transmission of occlusal load depends on the reliability of this bonding interface. One of the biggest advantages of BRILLIANT Crios blocks is the combination with ONE COAT 7 UNIVERSAL, the best bonding system for the resin based blocks according to the scientific literature (3) (4) and also tested in my own practice over the last five years of use. Another very important feature is the size and distribution of ceramic fillers. We have learned from the past that bigger size fillers are better for the strength but, at the same time, are more prone to detach from the surface creating craters iniciating the material degradation. A homogeneous filler size and distribution is much better for the material’s wear, luster, aesthetics and strength over long term.

Fig. 1: Implant placed lingually due

Fig. 2: The design of the crown

Fig. 3: Hybrid implant crown

to the normal resorption of the buc-

has to be with a pseudo pontic,

made with zirconia mesostruc-

cal plate.

increasing the oblique load on

ture and BRILLIANT Crios ce-

the crown.

mented adhesively on top ready to be screwed in mouth.


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December 2021

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Case 1 During daily practice, it is very common to face situations where the implant has to be placed lingually due to normal resorption (Fig. 1) of the buccal plate after the extraction. But, at the same time, it is not necessary to perform bone grafting procedures. The result of this scenario is to increase the stress on the implant-bone complex when we use rigid materials like conventional ceramics (Fig. 2). For this daily practice situation, the combination of rigid and resilient materials against the antagonist, allows the stress to the implant-bone complex to be reduced (Fig. 3,4).

Fig. 4: Implant crown after one

Fig. 5: Implant crown after

week of placement.


Oblique loads have been reported to increase stress values in peripheral bone and prosthetic components also generating high stress in the crown, implant, abutment, and cortical bone. The Young’s modulus, also known as elastic modulus, is one of the important factors determining a material’s behaviour. (5)

Case 2 Another common situation is a full mouth restoration over implant. It is well known that the big issue is chipping and delimitation of the ceramics, due to the high forces applied in the patient with dental implants. In regards to this problem, the combination of rigid materials to support the connectors and resilient materials to absorb the shock and, at the same time, allow easy fixation, make the use of resin based blocks the logical choice for this kind of restoration. (Fig. 6,7 and 8) Fig. 6: Zirconia thimble framework and BRILLIANT Crios bridges for extra oral bonding.


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December 2021

Fig. 7: Zirconia bridges ready to

Fig. 8: Upper and lower bridges

Fig. 12: Debonding of prefabricated tooth is very common on

be screwed.

in the mouth.


A combination of a rigid metal structure over the telescopic bar and a thimble structure made of PEEK (Fig. 13,14) works as base for the final restorations.

Fig. 9: Panoramic view of the finished case.

Case 3 Fig. 13: PEEK thimble structure

In this case, a patient presented with extremely atrophic bone in the mandible, with four short implants placed between the dental nerve foramen (Fig, 10a,10b).

Fig. 14: Secondary metal structure

These were milled out of a BRILLIANT Crios disc either as single tooth units or bridges and cemented on the thimble struc-ture (Fig. 15-17). Using BRILLIANT Crios instead of prefabricated teeth, we can increase the strength of the restoration, have good aesthetics and keep the weight low for this kind of prosthesis.

Fig. 10a and 10b : Patient with extremely atrophic bone in the mandible with four short implants placed between the dental nerve foramen

Fig. 11: Telescopic bar with retentions for the secondary structure

After some time, patients wearing this kind of restoration with prefabricated teeth, their muscle activity increase considerably, which very often leads to fracture or debonding of the prefab-ricated teeth (Fig. 12).

Fig. 15 and 16: Telescopic prosthesis with BRILLIANT Crios restorations. Occlusal and bottom view.

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Fig. 17: BRILLIANT Crios restorations used for removable telescopic implant prosthesis.

Fig. 18: Final case in the mouth of the patient. Wearing a complete denture on top and tele-scopic BRILLIANT Crios on the lower jaw.

References 1. Magne P, Silva M, Oderich E, Boff LL, Enciso R. Damping behavior of implantsupported restorations. Clinical Oral Implants Research. 2013;24(2):143–8. 2. Liebig J. Energy Dissipation and Damping Behavior of Commonly Used CAD / CAM Materials. 2018;35392. 3. Reymus M, Roos M, Eichberger M, Edelhoff D, Hickel R, Stawarczyk B. Bonding to new CAD/CAM resin composites: influence of air abrasion and conditioning agents as pretreat-ment strategy. Clinical Oral Investigations. 2019;23(2):529–38. 4. Emsermann I, Eggmann F, Krastl G, Weiger R, Amato J. Influence of Pretreatment

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Methods on the Adhesion of Composite and Polymer Infiltrated Ceramic CAD-CAM Blocks. The journal of adhesive dentistry. 2019;21(5):1–11. 5. Kaleli N, Sarac D, Külünk S, Öztürk Ö. Effect of different restorative crown

High elasticity and break resistance thanks to the double shell construction with flexible elastomer core.

and customized abutment materials on stress distribution in single implants and peripheral bone: A three-dimensional finite element analysis study. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry [Internet]. 2017;1–9. Available from: http:// prosdent.2017.03.008

constant force level less initial force continuous force transmisson high wearing comfort

Contact DOA Dental Clinic Dr. Nicolás Gutiérrez Robledo Calle Alcala 199 28028 Madrid Spain

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December 2021

CanalPro™ Jeni Digital assistance system for canal preparation Jeni - ready - go!


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Artificial intelligence for real efficiency Version 3.0 of the imaging software VistaSoft from Dürr Dental gives you access to powerful AI features that will make your day-to-day work in the practice noticeably more efficient. With VistaSoft 3.0, Dürr Dental has managed to bring pioneering AI technology into dental practices, where it offers efficient help with day-to-day tasks. Routine work is taken care of, mistakes are identified at an early stage, and timeintensive work is accelerated, allowing the practice team to focus on the most important thing – their patients. As part of its image plate quality checking, VistaSoft automatically detects whether or not an IQ image plate still meets the required high quality standards even after frequent use, and if not it recommends replacement of the image plate. Another intelligent algorithm detects the orientation of intraoral X-ray images with the aid of anatomical features shown and corrects the rotation of the image automatically if needed. The advantage of this is that a

work step that would be performed many times by hand now takes place completely automatically. The AI-assisted mandibular canal detection system calculates the position of the nerve canal in three-dimensional X-ray images in just a few seconds. The diagnostician merely needs to check the proposed position, whereas even as an experienced user of CBCT software he or she would have needed several minutes to plot the location by hand. With the aid of artificial intelligence, the calculated panoramic view for 3D images is also matched to the anatomy of the patient for a significantly improved OPG image. For orthodontists VistaSoft Trace is a new software model for cephalometric analyses in a matter of seconds. The user-friendly software add-on identifies reference points and soft tissue silhouettes automatically for the simulation of treatments. The visualisation of the successful treatment offers huge time savings for therapists.


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December 2021

Ask A-dec about… Innovation

Nick Olive CEAS Territory Manager Middle East & Egypt, A-dec

Ergonomics An astounding 87% of dentists suffer from back pain while working (Ball, 2015). As dental professionals it isn’t just our backs we need to worry about - musculoskeletal disorders including back, neck and shoulder pain, as well as fatigue are all commonplace within the industry. We all know that we should consider ergonomics and proper posture while working, but what do we mean by ‘good ergonomics’ and ‘good posture’ and what are the route causes of the issues so many of us face while working as dentists? The word ergonomics is derived from the Greek works ‘ergon’ (work or labor) and ‘nomos’ (natural laws). Ergonomics is the study of people efficiency in their working environment (Oxford, 2021).

(GW Osteopathy, 2021). When delivering an ergonomic assessment, we undertake exercises using a 5kg medicine ball. Try to find one, or a similar item weighing 5kg and experience how heavy this weight feels. When you have this weight in your hands it is hard to imagine that we walk around all day with this weight on top of our shoulders. Notice when you hold this weight the natural position you adapt to hold the weight. You will hold the weight close to your body. You probably wouldn’t be comfortable holding 5kg outstretched from your core or indeed holding this weight anywhere for a prolonged period. Now try resting the 5kg weight on your shoulders and standing in a neutral position. With the weight now going through your body into your feet. You will probably feel like you could hold the weight there for much longer.

To work with good ergonomics is to be efficient in our working environment and expend the least amount of energy to achieve the same result. In dentistry this means reducing the strain on our bodies while working. The topic of ergonomics in dentistry is wide and varied. Here we discuss one of the primary causes of pain experienced by dental professions. Managing your head can help The average human head weights 5kg


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December 2021

Our bodies are designed to cope with the weight of our head and the best way for us to manage this is to support the weight through our core, into our legs and feet and into the ground below us. When the weight of our head is held away from the center of our body in front of us we will experience pain in our neck and upper back. Where the weight of our head is transferred through our body but not into our legs and feet, we will begin to experience pain in our lower pack.

Take a seat… A properly adjusted dental stool offering a positive tilt, to transfer some of the weight from your head and body through your legs and feet to the ground can make a huge difference to your health. This will also give you the optimum working height to clearly see your working area without tilting your head excessively.

Reduce neck angle The pressure from the weight on our spine and supporting neck and back muscles increases exponentially as our head is tilted away from our body. We can help to reduce this tendency to tilt our heads forward by wearing loupes and correctly positioning our stool with legs under the patients head which encourages a more upright head position. Patient position… It is important to correctly position patients by fully utilizing a dual articulating head rest on your patient chair.

In a healthy, dynamic seated position your hips will be positioned above your knees with a tilted seat encouraging weight transfer into your feet. From a dynamic seated position which may be higher than you are used to working, you can adjust your patient chair to allow you to get as close as possible to your patient. Ideally your patient chair will have a thin backrest to allow you to position your legs under the patient and keep your head above your shoulders.

Adjusting the position of a patient’s head can offer increased patient comfort by properly supporting the weight of the head, whilst opening the oral cavity and providing the best possible view to your working area. Your patient should be seated fully back against the back rest of your dental chair before moving into a treatment position, to make adjustments easier. You can encourage patients to adapt this position by presenting the headrest in the fully up position before they enter.

With your head positioned above your body, weight transferred to your feet by seating correctly and positioning your patient to allow direct vision into the oral cavity, you can effectively reduce strain on your neck, shoulders and back.

About the Author Nick has a passion for dental ergonomics and is certified by The Back School in the USA. Nick offers free dental ergonomic workshops both in person and online. Graphic Reference: The Guardian / Source: Surgical Technology International

FKG Dentaire expands its endodontic motor range Innovation

FKG Dentaire SA Switzerland

with the new Rooter® X3000 A cordless endodontic motor, which can reach high speeds. FKG Dentaire SA presents the Rooter® X3000, redefining endodontic standards. This novel cordless endo-motor combines technology, functionality, and adaptability in a 20-centimeter unit. It stands out for the fastest speed on the market (3000 rpm), 10 programmable memories, and preset programs for different types of FKG files. Its ergonomic design, light weight, and 360° rotatable extra-slim contra-angle head ensure perfect handling and visibility.

Every new FKG product responds to the most exacting needs of endodontists with leading-edge technology and uncompromising quality. The Rooter® X3000 advances endodontics with a new cordless, brushless endo-motor with integrated apex locator achieving a speed of 3000 rpm.

Adaptability as technical keyword Benchmark speed coupled with guaranteed stability and precision are only the tip of the iceberg of Rooter® X3000 features. Adaptability reflects its core, starting with the four FKG presets: XP-endo® Treatment, XP-endo® Retreatment, RACE® EVO, and R-Motion®.


Dental News

This saves time for endodontists, who can rely on manufacturer’s predefined recommendations for each file type. The endo motor also provides 10 userprogrammable memories for all modes (EAL, CW, CCW, REC, or ATR), more than 60 speeds, and—of course—a highprecision built-in apex locator and a range of automatic apical functions.

Agility as practical credo As with any device, practice validates innovation. With its ergonomic handpiece weighing only 157 grams, perfect balance, and fully rotatable ultra-slim contraangle head, the Rooter® X3000 ensures a comfortable grip, agile handling, and excellent visibility of the operating field. FKG has designed and developed all details to provide maximum freedom of use to the practitioner, optimizing both speed and efficiency. Features include complete adaptability of the device and its display for both left- and right-handed users, a broad range of usercontrolled settings, extensive file brand compatibility, wireless charging stand, and volume control.

December 2021

September 1 - 3, 2021 International City Stars, Cairo - Egypt

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Picture of the international delegates attending EDSIC 2021 The president of the Egyptian Dental Syndicate, Dr Ehab Heikal, welcomed the guests, then went through the various achievements of the syndicate in one year since the election of the current board, as well as the ongoing activities. He also expressed his thanks to the board that created those achievements. The EDSIC was preceded by a three days specialized Congress, EDSIC Ortho that attracted many orthodontists from Egypt and 12 other European and Asian countries. The President announced that every year the EDSIC will be preceded by a different specialized congress, while the success of EDSIC Ortho resulted in the decision of holding it bi annually as a separate specialized congress. The next EDSIC will take place on 7-9 September 2022.

Dr. Ehab Heikal, President Egyptian Dental Syndicate


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Picture of the attendance during the scientific session December 2021



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To Dr. Khalil AlIssa from Saudi Arabia

Left to right: Dr. Mohamed Alaa, Dr. Ibrahim Milhem from Palestine, Dr. Ehab Heikal

To Dr. Azem Qaddomi from Jordan

Trophy Distribution

To Dr. Rola Dib Khalaf from Lebanon

To Dr. Kamal BenMansour from Morocco To Dr. Adnan Marwan from Libya

To Dr. Mohamed Eid ElKhalil from Lebanon


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December 2021

To Dr. Hasan ElNatour from Palestine

Cairo, Egypt September 1 - 3

To Dr. Nawal Rabi from Morocco

EDSIC 2021

Prof. Abdulsalam Alaskary

(L to R) Prof. Mohammed Murshed Alharbi (Saudi Arabia), Prof. Kleber Meireles (Brazil), Prof. Mona Sayegh Ghossoub (Lebanon), Prof. Akram Alhuwaizi (Iraq), Prof. Hanan Ismael (Egypt), Prof. Peter Buschang (USA) and Dr. Abdalhadi Kawaiah


September 9 - 11, 2021 Hilton Habtoor, Beirut - Lebanon

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Opening ceremony of the 21st congress of the Asian Pacific Endodontic Confederation On top of the pandemic that hit the world very hard and set its clock to COVID timing; Our beloved country experienced the worst crisis in history from the Harbor blast to the Economic meltdown. Nevertheless, we decided to take up the challenge and organize the first in person meeting. The Lebanese Society of Endodontology Organized the APEC 2021; The 21st Scientific congress of Asian Pacific Endodontic Confederation on 9-11 September 2021 in Beirut, Lebanon at the Hilton Beirut Habtoor. For more than thirty-three years, the biannual APEC congresses have brought together leading experts to help address different aspects of Endodontology. The event provided the researchers and the Endodontic community the opportunity to share expertise, help identify emerging trends and engaged in lively debates that positively impacted our Specialty. APEC 2021 presents exciting knowledge platforms and prominent speakers on Endodontics best practices. The scientific program covered science and research, technological and technique updates, clinical matters as well as educational innovations.

Pr Walid Nehme - APEC 2021 Congress Chairman

Pr Walid Nehme, Congress Chairman


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Pr Roger Rbeiz, president of the


Dental Association

Pr Carla Zgheib, president Lebanese Society of Endodontology

Dr Fadl Khaled, Chairman organizing committee

December 2021

Letf to Right: Drs; Walid Nehme, Rola Dib Khalaf, Carla Zgheib, Fadl Khaled

To Dr. Nicolas Gardon, president French Endo Society

Left to Right; Dr. Walid Nehme, Dean Issam Osman, Dr. Carla Zgheib, Dr. Fadl Khaled

Trophy Distribution To Dr. Eugenio Pedulla from Italy

To Dr. Hasan Abu Maizar, president Jordanian Endo Society To Dr. Marco Martignoni from Italy

To Dr. Frederic Bukiet from France


Dental News

December 2021

To Dr. Osama Al Jabban from Syria

Beirut, Lebanon September 9 - 11

APEC 2021

Drs; Marc Kaloustian, Eugenio Pedulla, Carla Zgheib, Jean Philippe Mallet, Franck Diemer Photo from the exhibition floor

Dr. Mohamed Nekoofar from Iran

Pr. Walid Nehme, Pr. Jean Philippe Mallet

Left to Right: Drs; Feghali, Zgheib, Habib, Nehme, Nekoofar, Al Huwaizi from Iraq, Khaled, Kaloustian

L to R: Maya Feghali, Carla Zgheib, Issam Osman, Walid Nehme, Rola Abiad, Rola Dib, Fadl Khaled, Marc Kaloustian


Interview with Prof. Gianluca Gambarini 1. How is technology changing endodontics? In recent decades, technology has improved dentistry and endodontics significantly, providing useful tools for better diagnosis and root canal treatment. In the 2000’s, microscopy has been the game changer in endodontics, while in the decade after, threedimensional radiography has played this role. CBCT has proved to be clinically useful not only by improving diagnosis and treatment planning (especially in the most difficult cases), but also in the clinical visualization and understanding of anatomic complexities. In addition, CBCT is a fundamental device providing images for guided endodontics. Static guides and dynamic navigation are proving to be effective in the treatment of calcified canals, and also helpful in more conservative access cavities both in non-surgical and surgical endodontics. Moreover, in the last decade, two other new manufacturing technologies have changed root canal instrumentation and obturation: the heat-treatment of nickel-titanium rotary instruments, and the introduction of new bioceramic endodontic sealers, both aiming to improve the performance, safety, and simplicity of endodontic treatments.

2. How important is clinical understanding of root canal anatomy? Endodontics has been a “2-dimensional” specialty for nearly 100 years due to the fact that traditional 2D radiographs only allowed a partial visualization of anatomy and canal trajectories. This was related to the buccal-lingual direction of the X-rays and the superimposition of different structures. Using CBCT (and ideally using dedicated software for 3D reconstruction), the REAL anatomy of each case can be visualized by the endodontist, including hidden curvatures, hidden confluences,


Dental News

calcifications, etc. This is a huge advantage not only in terms of proper diagnosis and treatment planning, but also to reduce iatrogenic errors during instrumentation procedures. Hidden curvatures (which always lead to increased instrumentation stress), if not properly recognized, may easily result in intracanal separation. For more than 25 years endodontists have been fearing sudden, unexpected breakage of nickel-titanium rotary instruments. Nowadays, we can tell that the great majority of those failures were related to poor clinical understanding of anatomy, and consequently, improper choice and use of the instruments in very stressful (usually hidden) complexities. Clinical understanding of anatomy in three dimensions, commonly defined as “3d endodontics”, is therefore a breakthrough in the clinical approach to improve safety and simplicity of instrumentation procedures. In surgical endodontics a 3d approach does the same, allowing a less invasive procedure and reducing risks of iatrogenic errors. December 2021


Files with incredible Strength and Durability

Scan To read case report by Professor gianluca Gambarini, dds Featuring our proprietary Made in the USA



3. How does the anatomy dictate improved properties on NiTi files?

4. Which is the clinical difference between austenitic and martensitic files?

Three-dimensional analysis of root canal trajectories and shapes have clearly shown that root canals are more complex in 3D compared to tradition 2D visualization, and consequently, these findings affect properties of the NiTi files allowing: a) More flexibility to properly negotiate curvatures, avoiding iatrogenic errors b) More mechanical resistance to avoid intracanal breakage c) Changes in design or in clinical use to increase performance in oval canals (which can be more easily visualized in 3D) which improve cleaning (by touching more canal walls) and debris removal. Cleaning is obviously related to proper use of irrigants and irrigation techniques, but instruments also play a significant role in creating more debris or removing debris properly, dispersing the solutions, and disrupting biofilm.

In the first 20 years after the introduction of NiTi, all instruments have been super-elastic, austenitic files. The superior properties of the alloy, compared to traditional stainless steel, was considered a huge advantage, and allowed the clinical use of files with greater tapers in continuous rotation. However, this increase of instrument dimensions and the greater stress induced by the motion resulted in quite rigid instruments which increased risk of failure, especially in complex curvatures and the larger sizes and tapers. NiTi is a “delicate” alloy, very sensitive to heat, and during the manufacturing process the alloy is weakened by the grinding wheels that create the flutes and the geometry of the file, both externally and internally.

Improvement of NiTi files can be done mainly in three different ways: 1. Improving design, which has been the primary direction during the first 20 years after NiTi was introduced. 2. Improving motors and motions, to make them less stressful than continuous rotation. 3. Improving alloy and manufacturing processes, including heat treatments. This last option has recently become the most important feature to significantly improve flexibility and fracture resistance of the NiTi files.


Interview with Prof. Gianluca Gambarini

Dental News

External defects can be partially adjusted by electropolishing, while internal defects can be partially adjusted by specific heat treatments after the manufacturing process. Heat treatments can vary drastically, and each manufacturer has its own proprietary, undisclosed treatment process. Generally speaking, all heat treatments can improve flexibility and fracture resistance to a certain degree, but there are huge differences on how they are performed and the resulting effects. Some companies, i.e., EdgeEndo, have invested a lot in research to produce better heat treatments, which have recently become, perhaps, the most important manufacturing treatment to improve mechanical properties of the instruments. For instance, changes in design could increase flexibility and resistance by 20-30%, while in our research, FireWire heat treatment by EdgeEndo has shown to increase flexibility up to 3 times (300%) and even more for fatigue resistance. These new heat-treated files can also exhibit different shape memory effects, and therefore are defined as martensitic NiTi files: they can be pre-bent, if needed, and produce less bounce back, allowing easier negotiation and less canal transportation. These improvements have significantly changed our clinical procedures, because such a difference between austenitic and martensitic files (some manufacturers provide the same file in the two versions, i.e., EdgeTaper and EdgeTaper Platinum) has modified our clinical approach to instrumentation, depending on which type of instruments are we using.

December 2021

5. Is minimally invasive the current trend in endodontics? Minimally invasive is obviously a trend, since we know that any endodontic treatment (to a certain extent) can weaken a tooth, and tooth fracture is the main cause for long term failures (even if it depends a bit more on the quality and type of post-endodontic restorations). However, when treating complex root canals, we should always make some compromise between the tendency to be more conservative and the risk of poor access cavity design or coronal flaring, which may create interferences that lead to iatrogenic errors, including ledges, transportation, or intracanal breakage. This is why I prefer to use the term: RATIONALLY INVASIVE endodontics. Because we cannot modify the apical curvature, the only way to improve efficacy and safety (providing that we are using very flexible and resistant martensitic files, with proper motions and techniques) is to slightly modify the coronal and middle curvatures, reducing the overall instrumentation stress. Therefore, how invasive a shaping procedure can be, is mainly determined by the anatomical complexities: the easier the canal, the less coronal flaring we need, and we could also create a smaller access cavity. A martensitic file is more suitable for this approach because it can be pre-bent, and having less bounce-back slightly reduces influence from interferences. In complex canals the strategy is opposite; we have to reduce instrumentation stress because high stress is already present due to the anatomy. 3D understanding of anatomy is crucial in these cases because it clarifies the need for different strategies which will significantly improve a less-invasive approach. More specifically, coronal flaring must be “selective”, avoiding unnecessary enlargement of canals and reduction of cervical dentine. Depending on trajectories, canals should be flared by only one or two sides to make the curvatures easier. Such a rationally invasive approach based on 3D understanding of anatomy, is my preferred method.

6. Which is your opinion about simplified techniques and single file reciprocation? Once again, we should be rational in our choice. Most of the canals are quite easy to negotiate and shape (the main difficulty in these cases is proper cleaning and disinfection); therefore, I am in favor of simplified techniques. Can they work in more difficult canals?

In my opinion, yes, but only if the proper instruments, strategies, and motions are used. I am currently using two techniques in my practice: A) A simplified technique using only two martensitic NiTi rotary files: X7 17.04 and 25.04 B) A single file reciprocation technique using EdgeOne Fire (EOF). Actually, I like both, but I use the single file reciprocation technique in the majority of simple, medium, mediumdifficult, and molar cases. I use this technique because it is simple, rapid, and easy to perform. EOF are martensitic NiTi files that are designed to be used in a reciprocating (30° clockwise - 150° counter-clockwise) motion. Compared to competitors’ files, EOF are more flexible and fatigue resistant due to EOF’s fire-wire heat treatments. Through research I conducted in Differences in cyclic fatigue lifespans between two different heat treated NiTi endodontic rotary instruments: WaveOne Gold vs. EdgeOne Fire my findings showed EOF has twice the cyclic fatigue compared to WaveOne Gold. The flexibility of EOF allows me to also use them in moderately curved canals in a very safe way. The reciprocating motion itself contributes to reducing instrumentation stress. I often perform a manual glide-path up to size 15, but not in all cases because in easy canals a glide-path already exists. The EOF has excellent properties, and it usually negotiates canals very easily; however, if needed, I can increase cutting efficiency by slightly increasing the speed. This is also very useful when I do brushing with EOF because this increases its ability to remove debris which is slightly more prevalent with reciprocating techniques. The EOF is an instrument of greater (variable) taper and easily and quickly creates a proper tapered preparation; nevertheless, I always brush to increase the capability of touching (please pay attention…it is touching, NOT CUTTING) more canal walls and improve cleaning and disinfection, especially in oval, elongated canals. Since I am using only one instrument, if it does not progress easily (i.e., in a hidden curvature) I can slightly increase the glide path or, more frequently, I flare the canal a bit more before progressing apically. I define this last approach as “crown-down with the same instruments”.


Interview with Prof. Gianluca Gambarini

7. Which instruments would you recommend in complex cases?

About Prof. Gianluca Gambarini

In very complex cases my preferred choice is a simplified technique using only two martensitic NiTi rotary files: X7 17.04 and 25.04 at a speed of 300 to 500 rpm, torque settings 250 to 410 g/cm. Due to their excellent properties (flexibility, fatigue resistance, less bounce back) these files are excellent in the management of complex apical curvatures. The X7s have a maximum flute diameter of 1 mm which can be considered “minimally invasive instruments”.

• Full-time Professor; Head of Endodontic and Restorative, University of Rome, La Sapienza, Dental School; Director of Master of Endodontics in Sapienza.

The X7 instruments are available in different sizes and two (constant) tapers: .04 and .06., but I like to use a simplified technique with .04. If I want more tapered preparation (but I tend to be less invasive in my initial approach) I can brush more and create more taper. This is much safer in a very complex curvature than using an instrument with bigger taper. Similarly, in most cases I don’t need an orifice opener or a glide-path (they can be optional files in very peculiar cases), because the 17.04 can do the work of both. Following a manual glide-path up to size 10 or 15, the 17.04 can pre-enlarge the canal, thus creating a better glidepath and easier progression for the shaping file (.04 25).

• International lecturer and researcher, He is author of more than 480 scientific articles, He has lectured all over the world (more than 500 presentations) as a main speaker in the most important international congresses and many Universities worldwide. • During his academic career he gained many awards and recognition, and was responsible of many scientific projects with national and international grants. • He has focused his interests on endodontic materials and clinical endodontics. He is also actively cooperating as a consultant to develop new technologies, operative procedures and materials for root canal treatment. He has many patents concerning endodontic technologies. • He is member of the Executive Board of ESE and Chairman of Clinical Practice Committee. • He still maintains a private practice limited to Endodontics in Rome, Italy

If I need to flare the canal more in the coronal and middle part, I can brush with this file, eliminating interference where needed (selective flaring) and create more room for the shaping file. This is the technique I usually adopt for my “rationally invasive approach”; it is simple, predictable, easy to perform, and can be adapted to many different complexities. If I need more “prepared space” for my final irrigation technique, I sometimes brush a little bit more to increase penetration of irrigants. I no longer choose this strategy for obturation because single-cone cold bioceramic obturation allows me to be less invasive since I don’t need to create space for pluggers, obturators, etc. The martensitic X7 files are excellent for this approach because their superior mechanical properties allow me to use only two instruments without compromising quality and safety. I only need to understand anatomy and select the proper strategy for each case.


Dental News

December 2021

Visit us at AEEDC February 1-3 2022 Hall 6, 6G10

All the dental supplies that you need!


X-VIEW 3D PAN CEPH Trident presents the most complete model of the X-VIEW family: X-VIEW 3D PAN CEPH. Along with its exceptional 3D imaging capabilities this unit features 2D digital panoramic imaging and cephalometric analysis. X-VIEW 3D PAN adopts the most advanced image acquisition technology:

Two CMOS Detectors • CMOS Flat panel sensor for 2D and 3D images The following FOVs are available: - Single FOV 9x9 cm - Single FOV 11x11 cm - MultiFOVs 11x11, 9x9, 6x11, 5x5 cm

• DR CMOS flat panel sensor with single shot technology for Cephalograms Modern acquisition software X-VIEW 3D PAN includes functional and versatile software tools that allow to acquire, filter, store and manage thousands of images in less time and with the best possible result. Specific tools are useful to diagnose and analyze several pathologies; plan and perform dental treatments and surgeries and, follow up the results. MAR algorithm Pulsed mode DC X-Ray generator


Dental News

December 2021

Company name: 3Shape Country of origin: Denmark Website:

3Shape is changing dentistry together with dental professionals across the world by developing innovations that provide superior dental care for patients. Our portfolio of 3D scanners and CAD/CAM software solutions includes the multiple award-winning 3Shape TRIOS intraoral scanner, as well as marketleading scanning and design software solutions for both dental practices and labs. Two graduate students founded 3Shape in Denmark’s capital in the year 2000. Today, 3Shape has over 1,600 employees serving customers in over 100 countries from an ever-growing number of 3Shape offices around the world. 3Shape’s products and innovations continue to challenge traditional methods, enabling dental professionals to treat more patients more effectively. We’re on a mission to change dentistry together. We believe that there is always a better and more efficient way to provide care and dialogue around dental treatment. We also believe that none of this can be done alone, which is why we collaborate with a network of dental professionals, industry leaders and resellers.













Dentixx for Dental Equipment & Turnkey Solutions


Al-Shara’a Dental Supplies FIA Group


Manshore Medical Supplies LLC

Noon Medical Supply Company


Exelle Medic

Shine Tech (under Henry Schein Middle East) Masar Medical Establishment


The Embassy Dental Supply Co.

Newmed - Al Hayat Group

Henry Schein Middle East Regional Office Bio Link Medical (under Henry Schein Middle East) Al Hayat Pharmaceuticals


3Shape TRIOS 4 intraoral scanner Our most powerful intraoral scanner, the wireless 3Shape TRIOS® 4 comes with smart tips that heat faster so you’re ready to scan in seconds, and it includes all the same app integrations as TRIOS 3.

Wired and wireless in one

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Go Beyond® TREATMENT • Realistic colors & proven accuracy • Artificial Intelligence scanning • Best in class shade measurement utilizing Vita Classic, Vita 3D Master and Ivoclar Shade Guide • Standalone HD camera & zoom feature • Connect with over 20,000 labs • Work with over 80 Implant companies • Work with over 40 clear aligner providers • Wireless • Smart Tips • Longer Battery Life

Generation Red

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The E4 boasts double the speed, double the accuracy, and double as many cameras as its predecessor the E3, delivering improved efficiency and consistency with every scan. From small labs seeking the best-of-the-best, to high-volume, full-service labs striving for a leaner workflow, our E4 lab scanner is the right choice for you.

You will recognize them all by their red ring and speedy performance – at the same great price! For those seeking the speed and accuracy to drive lab productivity and growth, look no further.

Dental News

Yearbook 2022

Company name: Takara Belmont Corporation Country of origin: Japan Website: Takara Belmont has been contributing to people’s wish to stay healthy and beautiful through a century of our history. Founded in Japan in 1921, and we drew on our hydraulic technology and began manufacturing dental chairs in 1960s. Committing to the healthy life not only for patients, but also for dentists & staff, our products are designed and developed to support dentist, forging a bond of trust with their patients. Based on the spirit of Japanese manufacturing, each belmont chair is the result of more than 50 years of product research and development, meticulous engineering expertise and innovative production methods.

Through our worldwide network of offices and subsidiaries, Belmont continually monitors current industry and market needs as we strive to design and introduce high quality, creative products that help increase work efficiency and productivity.


EXPERT DENTAL INDUSTRY R. Ben Aissa Madani-Ain Azel-Setif Phone: +213 36 83 47 02


MEDICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL SERVICES CO. W.L.L. Building 1877 Office 4 Road 2124 Bl. 321 Phone: +973 37 77 18 67


SAFWAN EGYPT 10 Lebanon St., Mohandessen, Giza Phone: +20 2 33 02 27 92 info@safwa negypt .com


ARDIN CO. App.#12,#64, Next to the Mehrshad Alley, Saiedi St. Africa Blvd., Tehran Phone: +98 21 22 65 59 53

Phone: +962 64 64 58 45

Phone: +966 l 26 70 04 30



DENTMED (K) LTD 3rd Floor, Darshan Towers, Woodvale Grove, Westlands, P.O. Box 43873, Nairobi, 00100 Phone: +254 2 04 44 53 07


AL-SAYAFE MEDICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL SUPPLIES CO. W.L.L Al-Arabia Tower, 18th Floor Jaber Mubarak Street, Sharq, Kuwai Phone: +965 22 25 59 09


FIMALCO DENTAL Mazraa-Mar Elias Street-Hariri Center 1st Floor, Beirut Phone: +961 1 30 24 32


TASVIR TEB HUMERS 199, Zafar St, Modares Highway, Tehran Phone: +98 21 22 22 9155

SOGEDENT 13500 Casa-Principal, Casablanca Phone: +212 5 22 89 30 14



NASEEM BAGHDAD COMPANY FOR MEDICAL & LABORATORY EQUIPMENT TRADING LTD. AI-Mansoor, Hay Dragh, Block No.603, Street No.17, Building No.11, Baghdad Phone: +964 l 54 81 25


SALBASHIAN TRADING CO. Arar Mustafa Wahbi Al Tai St 128, Amman 11118 Ammam

MEDICAL& PHARMACEUTICAL SERVICES CO. L.L.C Qurum - A-Harty Complex Sultan Centre Bldg. 2nd Floor Mina’ AI-Fahal - Muscat Phone: + 968 92 61 63 43



RASD Medicines & Medical Equipment Import No.761, Block 22, Alta if, Khartoum Phone: +249 1 83 52 79 21 RADMED MEDICAL COMPANY No.344 Block 1, Al sitteen street, al jureif west khartoum Phone: +249 l 23 16 99 09


MED PRO TUNISIA Building lntegram Ang street Mexico & Argentina street 4et office No. 4 1002 Tunis Belvedere Phone: +216 71 89 16 60


LIDER DIS Fevzi Cakmak Sokak No: 11 /5 Kizilay Ankara Phone: +90 31 22 31 64 85


CITY PHARMACY CO. P.O. Box 2098 Airport Rd., Abu Dhabi Phone: +971 26 73 29 54


YEMEN STORES FOR DRUGS & MEDICAL SUPPLIES P.O.Box 1465 Alzybairy Street, Y.R. Sana’a Amman St. Phone: +967 l 44 54 79

The hydraulic mechanism of the chair ensures smooth and quiet movement of the joints and provides a comfortable feeling for patients. One of the characteristics, touch screen interface has been designed to improve efficiency and reduce stress during treatment. When a handpiece is chosen and picked up, the screen displays only necessary information, helping the dentist concentrate on the treatment. EURUS is shown in AEEDC Dubai 2022, so we welcome your visit at our Belmont booth.

Our new product, CLESTA elll SWING, is an ambidextrous dental unit and provides practical functions to use. Basic • Easy changeover to right/left handed use • Compact space

Light • Base-mount doctor table can be moved lightly and smoothly • Reducing fatigue for arms of dentists and assistants

Flexible • Making comfortable operating space • Providing a variety of operating styles and preparation zones as you like

Dental News

Yearbook 2022

Company name: BISCO, INC. Country of origin: United States of America Website: BISCO, a global leader in aesthetic dentistry continues to develop innovative products for contemporary dentistry. At BISCO “Adhesion is our passion” and we dedicate our lives to understanding and improving the bond. We understand the importance of the supporting layer of the restoration. Whether you are working with implants, zirconium, ceramics/lithium disilicate, or porcelain fused to metal we focus on dentistry from the bottom up so your patients can enjoy top down esthetics.

BISCO proudly manufactures its materials in the United States and markets its products through highly trained, focused distributors outside the United States. At BISCO, we understand that product quality, consistency and freshness are of great importance. BISCO Dental Products are available worldwide with award winning brand names such as ALL-BOND UNIVERSAL®, AELITE ™, DUO-LINK UNIVERSAL™, TheraCal LC ®, TheraCem® and Z-PRIME ™ Plus.






GLOBAL MEDICAL ESTABLISHMENT Block 644, road 4433 Building 627, flat 3, Nuwaidrat Contact: dr. Abdullah nasser Phone: 973- 172 17093 Email: admin@gme-bh.Com

ALEX DENT 31 El Rashidi St., Kasr EL Ainy Shaheen Medical Mall, Cairo Phone & Fax: (20100) 140-6378


DONYAYE KALAYE SINA (DKS) CO. #1, No.9 Vernous St. Keshavarz Blvd. Tehran 1415953131 Phone: 98-21-88998248


MZK DENTAL PRODUCTS Bloomfield Township, MI. 48302 Contact: Dr. Nizar Mansour Phone: (248) 423-4644


BASAMAT MEDICAL SUPPLIES 125 Al-Razi Street Jabal Al-Hussein, Abdali Area, Amman Phone: 962-6-5605395

ALPHA MEDICAL Shareq, Ahmed Al Jaber St. Dasman Complex, Block 1 9th Floor, Office 22 Code: 35153, Dasmah Phone: 965-2-2478611 DENTAL MEDICAL SUPPLIES - DMS Lebanon - Sed el Bouchreih Imad el Hachem Center, 2nd Floor, Beirut Phone: (961) 124-0444


AL RADWAN GROUP Dat Elmad complex, tower NO 5, H7 first floor, Tripoli Phone: (21891) 900-1106


DENTAL EXPERT Rue Ibnou Katir Lot 7, Maarif Extension, Casablanca Phone: (21262) 350-5758


DELTA NEW VISION S.I. Building No. 93, 2nd Floor Preah Sihanouk Blvd Muscat, Sultanate of Oman Contact: Mr. SAMI KANAAN


NASSER TRADING & CONTRACTING Salwa Rd, Midmac Roundabout, Nawar Building, Doha Phone: (9744) 466-5409


CIGALAH BIO MEDICAL 5th. Floor, Al-Ma’moun Tower, Ali Bin Abi Taleb Street, Al-Sharafiyah District, Jeddah Phone: (96612) 231-6194


L’EXCELLENCE MEDICALE Avenue des Martyres, IMB Palmaruim 4 B71, Sfax 3000, Tunisia Phone: (2163) 153-8072


BIO LINK MEDICAL AND SURGICAL TRADING Office 301& 302, 3rd Floor Jumeirah Terrace Building, 2nd December St., Jumeirah 1, Dubai Phone: 971-4-3596242


EZ DENTAL MATERIALS & SUPPLIES Mujahid St. Sana’a Phone: (96777) 022-2319


TheraCal PT®

Dual-Cured Resin Modified Calcium Silicate Pulpotomy Treatment TheraCal PT is a biocompatible, dual-cured, resinmodified calcium silicate designed for pulpotomy treatment. TheraCal PT maintains tooth vitality by performing as a barrier and protectant of the dental pulpal complex.

from recurrent decay and other restorative materials. TheraCal PT’s physical properties resist breakdown and degradation leading to a durable seal. TheraCal PT is also indicated for direct and indirect pulp capping (liner) and as a base.

TheraCal PT’s chemical formulation consists of synthetic Portland Cement calcium silicate particles in a unique hydrophilic matrix which facilitates calcium release. TheraCal PT is radiopaque allowing for easy identification and differentiation

BISCO’s THERA brand includes TheraCal LC, TheraCem, TheraCal PT and now TheraBase. BISCO believes that better dentistry can be achieved when practicing the THERA way.

TheraBase® TheraBase is a dual-cure, calcium and fluoride releasing, self-adhesive base/liner. Utilizing the THERA technology, TheraBase chemically bonds to tooth structure, and releases and recharges calcium and fluoride ions.1

TheraBase is stronger and more durable than other base materials, glass ionomers and resin-modified glass ionomers.* Additionally, it is radiopaque allowing for easy identification on radiographs, providing a quick and effective diagnosis.

TheraBase’s calcium release generates an alkaline pH which promotes pulp vitality.2

TheraBase has the strength, durability, and THERA technology to provide the best foundation for each restoration.

It is a dual-cured material that will polymerize even in deep restorations where light cannot reach.

Base and Liner. The THERA way.

*Data on file, BISCO Inc. 1. Gleave CM, Chen L, Suh BI. Calcium & fluoride recharge of resin cements. Dent Mater. 2016 (32S):e26 2. T. Okabe, M. Sakamoto, H. Takeuchi, K. Matsushima. Effects of pH on Mineralization Ability of Human Dental Pulp Cells.Journal of Endodontics. Volume 32, Number 3, March 2006

Dental News

Yearbook 2022

Company name: Cavex Holland BV Country of origin: The Netherlands Website:

Since 1908, Cavex has been developing and manufacturing premium solutions for the dental industry. Right from the start, all the company’s operations have been performed in-house in Haarlem, The Netherlands. Every new Cavex product is a result of intensive collaboration between R&D, Regulatory, Production, Marketing, Sales and Logistics. This enables Cavex to develop, produce and distribute high-quality products all over the world.



PROMODENTA SARL. 21, Rue Boumenir Mouloud 26000 Medea Phone: +213 25 596277


WAZIN DENTAL & MEDICAL LTD EDC Building Bakhiyarie Street 66, Erbil Phone: +964 751 721 1227


BATTERJEE NATIONAL PHARMACEUTICAL P.O. Box 2, 21411 Jeddah Phone: +966126602933


AL NOOR EST. FOR MEDICAL MATERIALS PO Box 21538, Manama Phone: +973 17 592 291



P.O. Box 21005 1500 Nicosia Phone: +357.22.863.100


ERZING DENTAL SUPPLY 13, 26th July Street, Cairo Phone: +20 2 24192946

BURGAN DRUGSTORES P.O. Box 773, 11118 Amman Phone: +962 6 533 7910


MEDICALS INTERNATIONAL WLL Abd Al-Latif Al-Sarraf Tower 5th floor Ahmed Al Jaber Street Block 1, Sharq Phone: +96522250228


DIÉTI-PHARM P.O. Box 16-6680, 1100 2140 Beirut Phone: +961.1.500.991


ACCROS TRADING COMPANY P.O. Box 23006, Doha Phone: +974 44 81 65 11


MSI EQUIPMENTS MEDICO-DENTAIRES R6, Rue Abdelkader Mhalla 5000 Monastir Phone: +21673449401 INTER MEDICAL SERVICE 40, rue Dr. Burnet, 1082 Tunis Phone: +21671799344


MEDICALS INTERNATIONAL WLL Suite 3103, 31st floor Plaza Tower 1, Emaar Blvd Dubai downtown Area, Dubai Phone: +971 44479796



Company name: DenMat Country of origin: United States of America Website: Since 1974, DenMat has been a leader in high-quality dental products for dental professionals in more than 60 countries around the world. DenMat makes and assembles most of its products at its world headquarters on the Central Coast of California. DenMat offers three main product categories: Consumables, Small Equipment, and a full-service Dental Laboratory. DenMat’s consumables include the brands known and trusted: Geristore®, Core Paste®, Tenure®, Ultra-Bond®, Infinity®, Splash®, Precision®, Perfectemp®, and LumiBrite® and infection control. DenMat’s small equipment includes a broad suite of products, including NV® PRO3™, and SOL™ soft-tissue diode lasers, Rotadent®, PeriOptix™ magnification loupes and lights, Flashlite™ curing lights, & VizilitePRO for oral lesion screening. DenMat is the home of the world’s #1 patient-requested thin veneer, Lumineers®. Now better than ever and backed by

Thinnovation®: DenMat’s fresh multi-disciplinary approach to anterior esthetics using the latest generation of Lumineers, all hand-finished by skilled lab artisans in California. DenMat also features Snap-On Smile®, the ultimate provisional appliance. Each of DenMat’s more than 400 employees is focused on assuring that you—our dental customers—love our products and love your customer experience. We’re building one of the world’s great dental companies—one happy dentist at a time!


For all inquiries please contact us:

The #1 patient requested veneers

To become a Lumineers certified provider or a distributor, please contact us:

Dental News

Yearbook 2022

Company name: Dentsply Sirona E-mail: Website: Dentsply Sirona is the world’s largest manufacturer of professional dental products and technologies, with a history of innovation and service to the dental industry and patients worldwide. Dentsply Sirona develops, manufactures, and markets a comprehensive solutions offering including dental and oral health products as well as other consumable medical devices under a strong portfolio of world class brands. As The Dental Solutions Company™, Dentsply Sirona’s products provide innovative, high-quality and effective solutions to advance patient care and deliver better, safer and faster dentistry. With a sales presence in more than 120 countries, patients and practitioners virtually everywhere in the world rely on Dentsply Sirona.

MENA DISTRIBUTORS For a full list of Dentsply Sirona authorized distributors in the Middle East & North Africa please visit or scan the QR code

Neo Spectra™ ST Our decades of innovation in composite materials taught us what matters most to dentists. Neo Spectra™ ST is the successor of ceram.x® SphereTEC™ one, now a complete portfolio covering the full range of handling preferences and aesthetic needs with a single product line. SphereTEC® filler technology offers optimised performance in the areas that matter most, helping clinicians to achieve reliable, aesthetic results efficiently. What’s new? Two universal composite handling options.

Features and Benefits

Neo Spectra™ ST composite offers optimised handling in a creamy and spreadable Low-Viscosity (LV) or a firm and packable High-Viscosity (HV) to accommodate your preference and technique for placement efficiency.

• Novel SphereTEC™ filler technology. • Exceptional handling comfort! Easy to adapt to cavity walls, margins and surfaces, no stock to the hand instrument, precise to sculpt, slump resistant and easy to extrude. • Extremely simple Cloud shade concept. • Exciting clinical results made easy. • Fast and easy polishing. • Extra glossy. • Great mechanical properties. • Excellent choice for long-lasting restorations.

For more information visit:


Digital Impression with Dentsply Sirona Primescan and Omnicam The basis for best treatment results is the precise depiction of reality in a virtual model. With Primescan, intraoral scanning delivers excellent results like never before. It opens a world of possibilities for you - decide for yourself which way you want to take. Simply scan and send with a click - to whom you want. Work as usual with your lab and the partners of your choice - with open data formats or in a validated, secure workflow. Whether in prosthetics, implantology, orthodontics or other areas - stay flexible. Take the first step and let us accompany you on your individual path to digital dentistry. Make your workflows better, faster, and safer with digital impressions by Dentsply Sirona.

Primescan AC Redefine your standards of outstanding accuracy and speed: Primescan enables all kinds of treatment, from single tooth to full arch. With Primescan intraoral scanning is now more accurate, faster and easier than ever before.

Omnicam AC In addition to the new superstar Primescan, the proven Omnicam is a real alternative. Omnicam is still one of the smallest scanners available. It is therefore particularly easy to handle, scans powder-free and in colour. For more than seven years, it has impressed users worldwide and is always up to date thanks to continuous software updates.

Omnicam AF New to the MENA region the Omnicam AF comprises the individual components of Omnicam including camera tray and PC. With more than 7 million scans per year, Omnicam is one of the most widely used scanners on the market – now with the option of the Acquisition Center (AC) and the flexible tabletop unit (AF). For more information visit:

Dental News

Yearbook 2022

Company name: DMP Country of origin: Greece Website: With more than 35 years of experience in dental material manufacturing DMP successfully supplies the dental market worldwide. Certified with ISO 9001, 13485 and MDSAP, DMP’s products carry the CE mark and have U.S. FDA clearance. DMP creates bright smiles achieving excellence and reliability through integrity, passion and commitment which are ingrained in DMP’s culture. DMP specializes in three main groups of dental materials. The largest group of products are the precision silicone impression materials both for the dentist and the dental laboratory. The second major group of products are the composites for aesthetic dentistry, including bonding and etching materials. They are primarily resin-based materials and are available in light, self or dual cure varieties. The last group is the amalgams which were launched with the establishment of DMP and consist of various types for every need. DMP aims to create BRIGHT smiles and to provide the highest level of satisfaction, by closely cooperating with its customers and maintaining a high degree of flexibility for individual market needs.


AL WARDANY FOR IMPORT & COMMERCIAL AGENCIES 5 Alsraya Street - Fl. No.2 Office 14, Almnyal, Cairo Phone: +20 23654 322


PARSEH ETTEKAL Co. Miremad St, Motahari Ave, Suite 4, Building 12, 13th Alley, Tehran Phone: +98 (21) 88545400


DANA AMIN ABDALRAHMAN COMPANY FOR GENERAL TRADING Medicine Street _40m, 44001, Erbil Phone: +964 751 2383432


BADAWNEH MEDICAL SERVICE Almallab Albalady Str., Irbid, P.O. Box 2873, Jordan Phone: +96227261901


M&H MEDICAL COMPANY TO IMPORT MEDICINES & MEDICAL SUPPLIES Salem Al Mubarak St., KIB Bldg, Reem Mall, Flr-2, Office No-8, Block-2, Salmiya Phone: +96551719517


D-VARD Principal St, Bld. Botros EL Achkar, Area Maten, Ground Floor – Next To Champville School Main Gate, Deek El Mehdi Phone: +961 78 942 468


AL BASMA DENTAL CENTER 310 Mizran St., Tripoli, Libya Phone: +218 213615043


MIADENT 5 Rue Jabal Bouiblane, App1, Agdal, Rabat, Phone: + 212537671145


GLOBAL GULF ELITE Nuzha Street 3152 - Flat Number 22, Wadi Kabir, Muscat, Oman Phone: + 96891718373


ABM4 TRADING AND CONTRACTING Building No:9, Office No: 39, Barwa Village, Al Wakara, Cr No.113157, Doha Phone: +97444365531 GHAYDAA HOSPITALITY & BIOMEDICAL TRADE Building No 06, st. No 873, Zone No 54, Muraick, Doha, Qatar Phone: +97444365531


ASNAN EST. FOR MEDICAL SERVICES Buraida Street, Building no 40, P.O.Box 26316, Al-Rayyan, Riyadh, Phone: +966(11)4451075 AFIA AL KHALEEJ TRADING EST Batha Quraish, Jabal Thawr Rd, Makkah, 23343, Saudi Arabia Phone: +966 567373720


OMAR ALKASHTO FOR DENTAL SUPPLIES Almazzeh - Alalam St. 9/5519, Damascus Phone: + 963992722111


DENTAL ATLAS S.R.L 1st floor- Rouached Medical Center, Sidi Ahmed Zarroug, Gafsa, 2112, Tunisia Phone: +216 76211720 NEW VISION LE SERVICE MEDICO–DENTAIRE 12 Rue Jawhara Cite El Mouna, Boumhel, 2097, Tunisia Phone: + 216 71 905065


ADVANCED HEALTHCARE MEDICAL EQUIPMENT AND DRUG TRADING LLC 1903 Lake Central Tower, Marasi Drive, Business Bay, P.O. BOX: 234923 Phone: + 97144547730


DMP presents the BRIGHT Temporary C&B family DMP expands its BRIGHT Temporary Crown & Bridge family with the 10:1 and 4:1 delivery systems. Exceptional aesthetic results, combined with optimal mechanical and physical properties, make them ideal products to fabricate provisional restorations. The unique and highly advanced technology of BRIGHT Temporary C&B also offers:

• Very high compressive and flexural strength for long lasting provisionals • Colour stability • Easy polishing due to low oxygen inhibition layer • Optimum elastic properties • Easy to cut and trim

• Natural tooth-looking aesthetics due to the perfect combination of shade opacity and fluorescence • Very low temperature during intra-oral setting which protects against damage of the dental pulp

NANOCERAM-BRIGHT Leading the BRIGHT range of composites is NANOCERAM-BRIGHT, a strongly radiopaque nanohybrid composite with exceptional aesthetic results. its creamy consistency and ease of sculpting make it the ideal composite for both anterior and posterior restorations. Moreover, the high filler loading combined with fine particle size distribution, leads to low polymerization shrinkage, yielding high marginal integrity and minimized post-operative sensitivity. Its benefits include: • Outstanding aesthetic results with chameleon effect • Excellent handling characteristics with no slumping • Extremely high polishability • High resistance to wear • Universal composite Dental News

Yearbook 2022

Company name: MANI, INC. Country of origin: Japan Website: MANI, INC. is a manufacturer of medical devices and dental instruments. Ever since we started manufacturing surgical needles in 1956, we have contributed to society as a medical device manufacturer supplying surgical and dental instruments. Our products, which are safe and high-quality medical devices that satisfy the needs of doctors and patients, have also passed the strict standards of countries overseas.

We employ more than 3,000 people worldwide and use our own channels of distribution to deliver products to more than 120 countries. MANI offers a wide range of dental instruments, including burs, sutures, root canal instruments, polishing instruments, posts and dental accessories.



DENTAL WORLD & MEDICAL SUPPLIES Manama Phone: +97317896322

GLOBALMED TECHNOLOGY Kuwait Phone: +96522431647


IRAN DOUSTKAM CO, INC. Tehran Phone: +982177534652

IRAQ ZUHAIR BUREAU Baghdad Phone : +96407903760781

JORDAN MATEST COMPANY Amman Phone: +96265690807

DIETI PHARM DENTAL PRODUCTS Beirut Phone: +9611500991


SHARQ MEDICAL SUPPLIES Doha Phone: +97444566100


AL RAZI MEDICAL SUPPLIES Jeddah Phone: +966126520132

LIBYA AL BYAN CENTER Tripoli Phone: +218213333021

MOROCCO BEST MADE Casablanca Phone: +212522834482

SYRIA SALLOUM DENTAL CO Damascus Phone: +963112248772



SAWHNEY TRADING LLC Dubai Phone: +97143597756

SALA MEDICAL COMPLEX Muscat Phone: +96824485159


PALESTINE AL MANARA Ramallah Phone: +97222953718

YEMEN STORES Sana’a Phone: +9671444622

Booth #7G15 | Hall 7+8

VISIT US! Company name: Renfert Country of origin: Germany Website: We at Renfert have been developing intelligent solutions and reliable service for technology and products since 1925, enabling dental technicians and dentists worldwide to put their passion for detail into practice. Around 200 employees work in our owner-managed, medium-sized German company. The main headquarters is located in Hilzingen in the Lake Constance region.

All our products are made in Germany. From here we deliver through qualified retailers to more than 120 countries. Our products are renowned for their operational reliability, functionality, and longevity. Modern, efficient development and manufacturing technologies allow us to produce high quality competitively for best price-performance ratio.


EQUIPEMENT MEDICO DENTAIRE SARL Fréres Bekkouche Villa n° 126 Cité El Mouna 25000 CONSTANTINE Phone: +213(31)667021 ODONTOMEDICA SARL Zone d’activité Ain smara tranche I n° 26 - A 25140 CONSTANTINE Phone: +213 31 60 15 86 87


PACOTECH COMPANY Al Qassab bulding no 155/1/140 str 18 section 204 mustaufi or Phone: +964 750 448 1485



SHINE TECHNOLOGY COMPANY 01, 2nd floor, Above Oman Air, Beside takeaway, Al Sadd Phone: +974 444 244 23

MADINA DENTAL SUPPLIES Sport City, Lauozi Building No. 11, P.O. Box 19070, 11196 AMMAN Phone: +962 651 665 64


ALI BIN ALI MEDICAL W.L.L. ABA Tower, Airport Road, P.O. Box 75 Phone: +974 44799000


HEALTHCARE DYNAMICS Salem Al Mubarak Street, Zahra Complex, 2nd Floor Office No. 9, P.O. Box 7811, 22089 SALMIYA Phone: +965 222 841 22


MIDDLE EAST INTERNATIONAL TRADING CO. LTD. 7 Amin Al-Kholy Str. 5240 Heliopolis West Phone: +20(2) 22419296



MODERN TRADING CO. 15 Al Adib Ali Adham Sheraton Phone: +20222683882



SEEF DENTAL HOSPITAL Bldg. 1029, 3rd Floor, Road 3621 436 SEEF AREA Phone: +(0973) 17587991



EBDA-DENT Karrada - Sharqia - Attar st., Q. 905 st. 11 bldg. no. 84 - 1st floor Phone: +964(7810) 785511 HIGH TECHNOLOGY FOR DENTAL SUPPLIES Al-Sarrafiya, near Al-Sarrafiya Bridge beside Althakira Librar, 10053 BAGHDAD Phone: +964 770 348 59 73

DENTALTECH S.A.R.L. Brazilia Str. - Hikmeh Bldg, 1st Basement Phone: +961(5) 950707 D.E.M.I. SARL 11, Rue El Wahda Boulevard du 11 Janvier 20000 CASABLANCA Phone: +212(522) 441414


AL FARSI NATIONAL ENTERPRISES L.L.C Flat No: 4, Wy No: 3521, Building No: 1992, Block No: 235, Post Box: 158, Al Khuwair Phone: +96824485625 SALA MEDICAL COMPLEX P.O.Box 780 Postal Code: 131 Phone: +968(24)485159

FARZAT CHATTA P.O. Box 4588 Phone: +963(11)2220211 PROMOSCIENCES Rue n° 7 ZI La Charguia I 2035 TUNIS Phone: 0021671772

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES NOOR ALHUDA TRADING Office 107, Al Muhairi Plaza, Al Khabaisi Area, Deira Phone: +971 50 6330 575


NOORDENT FOR DENTAL SUPPLY Hadda St. Next to Al-Ghrasi Phone: +9671208827



3D filament printer system Dental filament printing - intuitive and simple. With its unique advantages, the SIMPLEX stands out from other filament printers. With the dental slicer software, you can reliably print models that meet processing requirements and do not pose a risk either to health or to the environment. making work easy This is what makes work easier: • Reliable and easy to use thanks to the ‘Plug and Print’ concept. • High precision thanks to a level resolution of up to 50 µm. • Extremly quiet (≤ 49 dB). • Process reliability thanks to a filament monitoring system. • Easy to use thanks to the dental slicer software. • No post-processing (no cleaning, no curing). • Low printing and material costs.

EASY view+

Digital video microscopes See it, share it, work it - digital and simple. The digital solution for case discussions between technicians and dentists. Two options available for purchase: with a 3D ready screen included (EASY view+ 3D) or without screen (EASY view+). making work easy This is what makes work easier: • Saves time and simplifies communication with dentists. • Easy documentation and communication of the patient situation using the Renfert CONNECT app. • Fast download and upload via Wi-Fi with the Renfert CONNECT stick. • Detailed views and complete model representations through 4x, 15x and 20x magnification. • Simplifies everyday work, quality control and demonstrations.

Dental News

Yearbook 2022

Company name: Ultradent Products Inc. Country of origin: Salt Lake City, UT (USA) Website: Ultradent Products Inc. was founded in 1978 in Salt Lake City by Dr. Fischer dentist, researcher and university professor (now Founder & CEO Emeritus of Ultradent Products, Inc.) with the aim of improving the techniques and products used by dentists in the entire world, in order to solve patient problems faster and without invasive methods. Now, marking its 44th year as a family-owned, international dental supply and manufacturing company, Ultradent has continued its vision to improve oral health globally by creating better dental products that continue to set new industry standards.

Ultradent currently researches, designs, manufactures, and distributes more than 500 materials, devices, and instruments used by dentists around the world, has subsidiaries in 9 countries and sells products in over 125 countries. Ultradent also works to improve the quality of life and health of individuals through financial and charitable programs.

MENA DISTRIBUTORS AFGHANISTAN MUHAMMAD AHMAD SABAWOON LTD Khushal khan, mina block 32, muqabil sello, Kabul Phone: (00) 788775555

BAHRAIN DENTAL WORLD & MEDICAL SUPPLIES Office 11, bldg 932 Road 632 , block 706, salmabad Phone: (00)973 (178) 96322

CYPRUS PM DENTAL 11A KORITSAS, Nicosia Phone: (00)35722594050

EGYPT ELWAN DENTAL SUPPLIES 70 Merghani street 10th floor Managger, Cairo Phone: (00)202.33873883

communication bldg Bldg no. 3 Floor 2, Baghdad Phone: (00)7810775922




MALEK DENTAL & MEDICAL SUPPLY jo 75 Al Buhturi Street, 2nd Circle, Jabal Amman, P.O. Box 7067, Amman Phone: (00)7810775922

KUWAIT ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES Hawali 32060, P.O.Box 44558 Kuwait City Phone: (00)962795533513

LIBYA ALBYAN ALMOTAGADED FOR IMPORTING OF EQUIP & MEDICAL SUPPLIES CO LTD Mohd Fkini St., Bldg No. 20, PO Box 82525, Tripoli Phone: (21) 333-3021



GOLNAR NIKAN DANDAN Unit 9, #64 Building, Opp Bahar St, Enghelab Ave P.O. Box: 1148836873, Tehran Phone: (00)9821 77533716

A.M.E.D. 47, Rue de bruxelles, Casablanca Phone: (00)212.522823134

IRAQ SMART DENT Almansoor street, beside zain

OMAN PIONEER TRADE & MEDICAL SUPPLY Khalid Al Said Investment Co. PO Box 77 PC 103, Muscat Phone: (00)68 9780 4272

PAK-MED DENTAL SUPPLIES Phone: (00)92 52 325 722

QATAR CEDARS DENTAL CENTER P.O. Box 47684 Al Hilal, Doha Phone: (00)974.44864088

SAUDI ARABIA DENTAL ERA Al-Abdel Latif Plaza, King Fahd Rd, 3RD Floor, Office # 306 P.O. Box 126122, Jeddah Phone: +966 12 2752 382

SYRIA BADRIG AYDENIAN Shouhada street, Damascus Phone: (00)963 (11) 444 6429

TUNISIA DISTRI MED Av. De Madrid, Tunis Phone: (+216) 71 334 812

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES ELWAN TECHNICAL SUPPLIES P.O. Box 43305, Abu Dhabi Phone: (00)97126393292


Opalescence™ The #1 Professional Teeth Whitening Brand on the Planet When you want to give your patients the best results, your only choice is Opalescence™ teeth whitening! Opalescence™ PF whitening | The most customizable of our whitening options. Use Opalescence PF whitening with custom trays made by your dentist for a personalized whitening solution day or night. Opalescence Go™ whitening | It’s a portable, quick application. You pop in the UltraFit™ tray for the directed time and then brush afterwards. The tray gets thrown away and you pop in a new one next time! You can keep it anywhere there’s a fridge and a toothbrush. Opalescence™ Boost™ in-office whitening | This miraculous product is so potent, it still needs to be applied by your dentist. It’s worth mentioning here because it’s an excellent option for fast, powerful teeth whitening. Think of it as a boost to start your whitening experience. Complete your whitening treatment with an Opalescence whitening take-home option. Opalescence™ Whitening Toothpaste | Did you know that foods and other factors can cause surface stains on your teeth? A safe, everyday whitening toothpaste gently scrubs away surface stains and helps maintain a healthy smile. Achieve the best results by using toothpaste in tandem with our other whitening products which work to whiten below the surface.

Valo™ Cordless and Corded LED Curing Lights All VALO LED curing lights to use a custom, multiwavelength light-emitting diode (LED) for producing high-intensity light at 385–515 nm, which is capable of polymerizing all light-cured dental materials. This intensity will also penetrate porcelain and is capable of curing underlying resin cements similar to a quality halogen light. Every VALO™ LED curing light starts as a single bar of tempered, high-grade aerospace aluminium, which is CNC precision milled at Ultradent’s facility in Utah, USA and ends as the most advanced curing light in the world. • Ultra-high-energy broadband LEDs cure all dental materials • Optimally collimated beam delivers consistent, uniform power • Three curing modes accommodate your preferences • Extremely durable, slim, ergonomic shape allows unprecedented access to all restoration sites • Unique unibody design is both extremely durable and lightweight • Highly efficient LEDs and aerospace unibody aluminium keep the wand body cool to the touch • 5 years Warranty Dental News

Yearbook 2022

Company name: WHITEsmile GmbH Country of origin: Germany Website:

In 1994 WHITEsmile was one of the first companies in Europe to specialize in the production of tooth-whitening products. Our “Made in Germany” materials and whitening lamps are the result of constant consultation with dentists and users in over 60 countries. WHITEsmile materials are clinically tested, certified medical products and devices.

fläsh is the innovative new brand from WHITEsmile for the most reliable whitening for every patient. Based on over 25 years of tooth-whitening experience, our cutting-edge, “Made in Germany” fläsh device light optimizes in-office whitening. Our extensive experience makes WHITEsmile a partner you can trust for tooth whitening.

Tooth whitening is becoming more and more a central point of dental treatments. For aligner, implant, and restorative patients only the white smile at the end fulfills the desired result. And here a reliable result is key for success.

For all MENA inquiries: WHITEsmile GmbH





SARL THE ABOU SAMRA BROTHERS Cité Abdouni N° 24, Dar El Beida 16100 Alger Phone: +213-21-506 578

GET, GENERAL EGYPTIAN TRADING 446, El – Ahram St., 4th Bld., Floor 12, Giza 12111 Phone: +(202) 37765001/2/3


(for fläsh products) CAPITAL Y FZCO / PAZI PHARMA Phone: +964 750 332 1390, +971 56 344 1936 (for WS products) BAYATI COMPANY University District, Musul Phone: +964 7725404952


BASAMAT MEDICAL SUPPLIES (PHARMADENT) P.O. Box: 141375, Amman 11814 Phone: + 962 79 50 45 700

NOON MEDICAL SUPPLY CO. Al Derwaza tower, st 65, block 3 building 6, floor 1, flat 2 Bnied al qar, Kuwait Phone: +965 22423 600

DMS Bauchrieh, Imad Hashem Center 2nd Floor, Beirut Tel.: +961-1- 240 444


CLAIRE DENT Siège Social : 6, Rue Ghandi Appt. N°3, Rabat Phone: +212-37-72-62-64


MASAR MEDICAL COMPANY Al Ha`ir Road , Al Lolo`a Stores Store #56, Al-Riyadh Phone: +966-1-2930598


KASSAB DENTAL Damascus, Syria Phone: +96311-2313288


AL MAZROUI MEDICAL & CHEMICAL SUPPLIES P.O. Box 1259 PC 112 Muscat Phone: +968 24 595 670


GERMINMED Building 82 P.O. Box 11755 Doha, Qatar Tel.: +974 44272 148


SEM L’EXCELLENCE MEDICALE Avenue des Martyres immb Palmaruim 4 B71 3000 Sfax Phone: +216-31-538 072


NEW AL FARWANIYA SURGICALS P.O.Box 47837 Abu Dhabi Phone: +97126775447




1994 - 2019

1994 - 2019

25 years whitening Made in Germany WHITEsmile is proud to celebrate the 25th company anniversary 2019. We thank all of our customers and partners for the trust shown in the past years and look forward to an even brighter future.

New fläsh Whitening Toothpaste Great White – Great Taste

Now available in 3 thrilling tastes: lime-mint, orange-ginger, coconut-salt

WHITEsmile - Whitening you can trust Proven “Made in Germany” products for in-office and at-home whitening: WHITEsmile LIGHT Whitening, POWER Whitening, HOME Whitening. WHITEsmile provides all varieties of tooth whitening offerings for your dental clinic.

Dental News

Yearbook 2022


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Consulate General of Italy Dubai

Embassy of Italy Abu Dhabi


•. .


UNId 50 Years of Italian Dental Industry

Scan and connect digitally. Or treat it in a single visit. Either way, it‘s prime. Enjoy the scan. With the connectivity options of Primescan.

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