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Tidewater Times

May 2015 Easton Village

Here are two great choices in this popular water-access community, that features a clubhouse with pool and exercise room, walking trails, kayak launch, and a bocce court, all less than five minutes from Easton’s charming historic district. Boat slips available for purchase separately on the Tred Avon River.

Within sight of the clubhouse, this four bedroom builder-owned home has a large bonus room plus a two-room studio above the detached garage. Just listed for $699,000

Nice open floor plan with first floor master suite, sunroom overlooking the fenced yard, two bedrooms and large loft area upstairs. $495,000

Tom & Debra Crouch

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Tidewater Times

Since 1952, Eastern Shore of Maryland Vol. 63, No. 12

Published Monthly

May 2015

Contents: About the Cover Photographer: David Harp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Calling Customs: Helen Chappell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 The Play’s the Thing for Local Troupe: Dick Cooper . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Dorchester County House and Garden Pilgrimage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 May Tide Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Lapp Returns to Fine Arts @ Oxford: Amy Blades Steward . . . . . . . 49 Legends of the Steel Road: Cliff Rhys James . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Tidewater Kitchen: Pamela Meredith-Doyle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Tidewater Gardening: K. Marc Teffeau . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Dorchester Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Easton Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 St. Michaels Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Oxford Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 Tilghman - Bay Hundred . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 The Preventorium: Gary D. Crawford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 Banners Make You Look Up!: Jason Wilford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 Chesapeake Chamber Music: Amy Blades Steward . . . . . . . . . . 163 Tidewater Review: Anne Stinson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 Caroline County - A Perspective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 Kent County and Chestertown at a Glance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 Queen Anne’s County . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 May Calendar of Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 David C. Pulzone, Publisher · Anne B. Farwell, Editor P. O. Box 1141, Easton, Maryland 21601 102 Myrtle Ave., Oxford, MD 21654 410-226-0422 FAX : 410-226-0411

Tidewater Times is published monthly by Tidewater Times Inc. Advertising rates upon request. Subscription price is $25.00 per year. Individual copies are $4. Contents of this publication may not be reproduced in part or whole without prior approval of the publisher. The publisher does not assume any liability for errors and/or omissions.








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About the Cover Photographer David Harp A lifelong Marylander, Dave Harp operates a commercial photography business in Cambridge, MD. He has produced, with writer Tom Horton, four books on the Chesapeake Bay: Water’s Way: Life Along the Chesapeake, Swanfall: Journey of the Tundra Swans, The Great Marsh: An Intimate Journey into a Chesapeake Wetland, and most recently, The Nanticoke: Portrait of a Chesapeake River. Their latest collaboration, Choptank Odyssey: Celebrating a Great Chesapeake River, will be pub-

lished by Schiffer Publishing this fall. A series of video productions by Harp and Horton can be found at Vimeo. com/user6523946/videos. The cover shot shows two osprey (one adult and the lone surviving chick) on the nest. It was taken with a remote camera adjacent to the nest, on Raccoon Creek near Secretary. Dave’s website,, is a searchable database of thousands of his images. Fine art prints of his photos are available.

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Calling Customs by Helen Chappell

You know you’re old in the South when young men and women start addressing you as Miss “Christian Name.” We may be bumping up against the Smith and Wesson Line on the Eastern Shore, but for better or worse, many Southern customs prevail here. “But I want to be Mrs. Smith, not Miss Mary!” a friend of mine complained when her music students addressed her as they had been taught. She was from New Jersey, and thought the kids were somehow being fresh or disrespectful when, in fact, they were displaying their best home training manners. No matter how I tried to explain it, or that she would be considered cold and unfriendly if she insisted on Mrs. “Surname,” she stuck by her preference. I imagine her students were a bit bemused by her Mid-Atlantic froideur. Addressing an older person as Miss Y or Mister X is still common in these parts, but the first time someone does it to you, it’s a bit of a shock. When they start calling you Mr. Pete, it means the golden days of your youth have f led, and honey, you have entered your Silver Senior Years. For the first couple of years, I

Somewhat like wearing a hat to church, being addressed as “Miss” is a great Southern tradition. used to look behind me to see who was being addressed. Then, in the next couple of years, I kind of smiled and said, “Oh, Miss Helen is my mother. Just call me Helen.” It made me feel old before I was ready. And thus begins the long slippery slope toward decline, old age and death. I don’t even bother to correct them anymore. If you want to call me Miss Helen, I’ll answer. I guess graduating from junior miss to Miss Helen is a badge of honor, rather than a reminder you look like Meryl Streep’s character in Into the Woods. 9



Calling Customs

spots and my wrinkles, are badges of honor, hints of a life led. Whether poor or good, it’s hard to tell, but it’s been lived. Addressing your elders as Miss Ethel or Mr. Fred comes from old English tradition, and is still considered a sign of respect, especially in rural communities where old ways die hard. And, just because you’re old doesn’t mean they won’t address you as Mr. Otho and still slash your tires for fun. Oh, they may curse you, but you’ll still be Miss Lucy and Mr. Desi until the day you die ~ if you die in the South. It just is, and probably will be into the next century. I’ve found on first meeting people, it’s wise to call them Ms.

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Calling Customs

that you are liked and accepted. And, a woman can always use it to charm older men. Charming older men is also something of a Southern custom, provided each side understands it’s not a serious comeon. Many a newcomer to the region has made the mistake of thinking a little charm is more than just a politeness, with unpleasant results. When in Rome, it’s said, do as the Romans do. It’s not that complex, and it will help you as a new arrival, if you take your cues from those around you. Another, perhaps less charming cue, is a cutting remark, followed by a “bless his/her heart.” Example: “Anna Mae just can’t stop discussing her liver surgery,

Ball and Mr. Arnaz, at least until you’re invited to address them as Miss Lucy and Mr. Desi. Usually they will be much older than you, and therefore deserving of this mark of respect. It crosses all social borders, all classes, races and belief systems. In fact, in rural society, addressing anyone as Miss X or Mr. Y is considered to be a sign of respect, especially if you’re in a community where people have traditionally not gotten a lot of respect from the establishment. It’s a mark of pride and affection. Among women especially, using the Miss honorific can be a sign of fondness and attachment, a cue

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Calling Customs

Example: “Mr. Earl sure does like driving those flashy new BMWs. He’s enjoying his mid-life crisis, bless his heart.” Armed with the proper calling customs and a handy “bless your heart,” you are now ready to enter Eastern Shore society. You’ll never be mistaken for a native, but at least you’ll get along, and that’s what it’s all about ... bless your heart.

even at book club, bless her heart.” Because so much meanness lurks beneath the spun sugar façade of Southern manners, that little “bless her heart” is supposed to take the sting out of the truth. Of course, it doesn’t, any more than addressing your elders with an honorific means you really respect them. But that key “bless her heart” is the magic charm that keeps you from being labeled, well, a bitch. But it’s a handy phrase to use, as it excuses you from who knows how many years of purgatory for saying exactly what you think. Especially if you pair it up with a nice Miss or Mr.

Helen Chappell is the creator of the Sam and Hollis mystery series and the Oysterback stories, as well as The Chesapeake Book of the Dead. Under her pen name, Rebecca Baldwin, she has published a number of historical novels.

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The Play’s the Thing for Local Troupe by Dick Cooper The first few minutes of the rehearsal for The Comedy of Errors looks more like Richard Simmons than William Shakespeare as director Greg Minahan leads the cast and crew of the Bard’s play through a series of calisthenics. The two dozen members of the company are gathered in the classroom at Adkins Arboretum on this late winter’s eve to learn their places on stage. But before they can emote, express or emulate, they form a circle and work it all out.

“Shake it,” Minahan tells them as he shimmies his body from head to toe. “Loosen up,” he says, miming a marionette held up by his hair. “Now, deep bends, fannies out.” After the five-minute physical routine, it is time for the playacting to begin in earnest. The allvolunteer company has less than two months to prepare before Shore Shakespeare takes to the road on May 1 and performs in four outdoor venues around the Eastern Shore.

The cast of The Comedy of Errors gets to loosen up before rehearsal begins. 23

The Play’s the Thing This is the third season for Shore Shakespeare, founded by community theater veterans Avra Sullivan and Chris Rogers to get classics of the English stage produced locally. “I have been involved in community theatre up and down the Eastern Shore for 20 years, and none of the plays have included Shakespeare,” Rogers says. “The consensus has been that it was too difficult, the language was too opaque and no one would come.” Their idea has yet another twist. Instead of first finding a theater, selling tickets and putting on a play, Shore Shakespeare takes its productions to public parks and spaces,

Avra Sullivan and Greg Minahan invites the audience to provide its own seating and refreshments, and then passes the hat for donations. “Our schtick is to take the show to

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The Play’s the Thing

productions in Chestertown, Cambridge and Oxford. The membership of the troupe m i r r o r s m o s t l o c a l t h e at r i c a l groups. They include lawyers and librarians, teachers and technicians, execut ives a nd ingénues. Their skills range from performing artists to wannabe artists who are learning to perform. Some of the members have long resumés in local theater, others have professional chops, and still others are checking off boxes on their bucket lists. But they are all in it for the fun of the play. Shelagh Grasso, a retired Queen Anne’s County High School drama teacher, is the producer of this year’s production, and directed Romeo and Juliet last year. Her husband,

the audience, instead of trying to get the audience to come to the show. Avra and I felt that people would come if you did it right. We decided if we could find enough like-minded people, we’ll just get together and put on a show. So we did.” That was two years ago, and they produced Twelfth Night. “We only put on three performances, but we attracted 250 people,” Rogers says. Last year the troupe staged Romeo and Juliet seven times and drew about 1,000. This year, they will put on 10 productions of The Comedy of Errors throughout May. The first three will be in the Meadow at Adkins Arboretum, followed by

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The Play’s the Thing

and Juliet and he joined the troupe. “I was reminded how much f un Shakespeare is. Most people are intimidated by the language, and their acquaintance w ith Shakespeare is through the cinema,” he says. “When you make a movie of these plays, some of the best stuff gets chopped out. Even in Romeo and Juliet, there is a whole lot of comedy in the beginning of the play before it gets tragic. I was delighted at how bawdy the comedy was.” Minahan says that his goal is to show the audience how much fun Shakespeare can be. “Not only fun in the content, but when they see us up there having so much fun, I am trusting that will be a huge part of the appeal that will build over time.” The Comedy of Errors was one of Shakespeare’s early works, most likely produced for the first time in 1592. It follows a rather twisted plotline that centers on two sets of twins separated shortly after birth

Producer Shelagh Grasso follows rehearsal on her script. Carmen, builds the sets and is the technical director of the production. Grasso says that last year Minahan played Mercutio, a role known for i nt ro duc i ng t he ph ra se s “a plague on both your houses” and “a wild goose chase” into everyday speech. She says he was a standout last year and brings a high level of professionalism to the production. Minahan dow nplays his stage credits before moving to the Eastern Shore, saying he was a “professional understudy” on Broadway, spending almost eight years with Cats. He also wrote and produced children’s theater in New York City schools. Last year his w ife gave him a clipping of a casting call for Romeo

Chris Rogers and Jane Terebey rehearse a sword fight. 28

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The Play’s the Thing during a shipwreck. Flash forward and they are two adult sets of masters and servants from different cities thrust together. They are constantly getting confused, and that confusion carries humor and the story. There are a lot of sight gags, miscues and near-fatal mistakes in identity, all set in one day and to the rhythm of iambic pentameter. Minahan points out that iambic pentameter works perfectly with the number of phrases an actor can speak with a single breath. He said Shakespeare’s poetic writing style can be memorized much the way a singer memorizes the lyrics of a song.

Director Greg Minahan To add to the intricacies of an amateur theater group putting on Shakespeare, this season’s production is being staged in the round. The actors at the “blocking” session

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The Play’s the Thing

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at Adkins are learning where they have to enter and exit, from four directions. They must also practice how to deliver their lines while moving in circles to make sure everyone in their audience will be able to hear the dialogue. At one point during the rehearsal a cast member interrupts Minahan to point out a serious logistical problem. The large square blanket on the floor that serves to delineate the “stage” has been laid out incorrectly, throwing the action off kilter.

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The Play’s the Thing

May 30 and 31 at the Oxford Communit y Center in Oxford. A $15 donation per person is suggested. “We tell people to bring their lawn chairs, blankets and a bottle of wine, and sit back and enjoy the show,” Rogers says. “So far, we have never been rained out.” For mor e i n for m at ion ab out Shore Shakespeare and its performances, go to

The rehearsa l stops and c ast members lift the square up in unison and rotate it 90 degrees. Once the “stage” is in place, Rogers pulls out a roll of black tape and secures it to the floor and the play goes on. All is well that ends well. Shore Shakespeare’s scheduled performances of The Comedy of Errors are May 1, 2 and 3 at Adkins Arboretum in Ridgely. (Reservations are only needed for the Adkins production. Please call 410-6342847 or visit On May 8 and 9 the troupe will be at Wilmer Park in Chestertown. On May 16 and 17 they will perform at Long Wharf in Cambridge, and on

Dick Cooper is a Pulitzer Prizewinning journalist. He and his wife, Pat, live and sail in St. Michaels. He can be reached at dickcooper@



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Dorchester County House & Garden Pilgrimage Saturday, May 9 Special Project: An eighteenth-century plantation house known as Handsell, located on Indiantown Road just north of historic Vienna, will will receive the proceeds from the 2015 MHGP Dorchester County tour. Handsell stands on the site of the Native American Chicone village, later a trading post and Indian reservation. It is believed that the existing dwelling house was built by Henry Steels’ family, once the largest landowners in Dorchester County. The house suffered a devastating fire in the early 1800s and was rebuilt to its current form. Dorchester County Visitor Center ~ Rose Hill Place With its huge sail soaring more than 100 feet in the air, the Dorchester County Visitor Center is an Eastern Shore landmark on the shores of the Choptank River. In addition to free visitor information, the Visitor Center includes two levels of exhibits about Dorchester County and the area, restrooms, a playground and a mile-long boardwalk. Chicone Village Longhouse and Garden This thatch-and-reed lodge home is a functional replica of those used by the Nanticoke people on the Eastern Shore in the 1500s. Built from material harvested from nearby fields and forests, it was constructed by volunteers who logged in 2500 hours. Accompanying the longhouse is a native garden surrounded by a “waddle” fence, as well as a new work shelter currently under construc-

Daniel Firehawk Abbott tion. You will be greeted by living history interpreter Daniel Firehawk Abbott when you arrive at Handsell, a National Register Historic Site. 37

Dorchester Tour

remain. Today, the church houses the owner’s collections of art. Buckland This home is a two-story frame saltbox structure, a most unusual style for Dorchester County in the eighteenth century. Early records indicate that the land was purchased by John Rix and a house had been built in 1742. The parlor of Buckland is especially noted for its ornately carved plasterwork. It has the oldest ornamental plaster ceiling in Maryland. Buckland is the current home of the mayor of East New Market and has been furnished in an authentic period style with antiques, carpets and accessories.

The Salem German Evangelical Church The building has been converted to a charming residence in East New Market. Built in 1899, the church is the oldest of its denomination on the Eastern Shore. In the 1920s the church was deconsecrated and the building was used for several purposes, then finally abandoned. In 1990, the building was restored as a private home. The original Gothic Revival woodwork was discovered in the tower. Although the building was modified to function as a home, the original pews, wainscoting and simple stained glass windows

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Dorchester Tour

Indian Reservation on nearby Indian Creek. Starting with a modest summer cottage built in the 1930s, the house has expanded into a private retreat on the banks of the Choptank River. “Historic” trees on the property include two gingko trees, two historic poplar trees grown from seedlings from poplars that George Washington planted at Mount Vernon, and a direct descendant of the Wye Oak tree.

Davis Residence Built in 1979 by builder Carl Haglund, the home is on a gorgeous waterfront lot that was part of a larger parcel later developed by the Davis family. The owner-designed house is based on an eighteenth century New England saltbox with the long pitched roof in the back, center chimney and symmetrical front windows. The inside takes a more modern approach with a balcony overlooking the living room and French doors offering expansive views of the swimming pool and the Great Choptank River beyond. Paintings by Mrs. Davis can be seen throughout the house along with original art work by other local artists. The house is furnished with country-style antiques, including an early corner cupboard from North Carolina. An extensive decoy collection was inherited from Mrs. Davis’ parents. Cedar Haven This entire area was once inhabited by the native Choptank and Nanticoke people, who later were forced to live on the Locust Neck

Choptank River Lighthouse The first light at this location, built in 1871, replaced a lightship that was stationed there the previous year. In 1881 ice piled up around the foundation, then a second ice floe in 1918 knocked the house from the piles, destroying it. Screwpile lighthouses were once very common in the Chesapeake Bay. Today, only a few remain. The Cherrystone Bar Light was then moved by barge and placed on a new foundation in 1921. This was the only working lighthouse to be moved 40




OXFORD, MD 1. Fri. 2. Sat. 3. Sun. 4. Mon. 5. Tues. 6. Wed. 7. Thurs. 8. Fri. 9. Sat. 10. Sun. 11. Mon. 12. Tues. 13. Wed. 14. Thurs. 15. Fri. 16. Sat. 17. Sun. 18. Mon. 19. Tues. 20. Wed. 21. Thurs. 22. Fri. 23. Sat. 24. Sun. 25. Mon. 26. Tues. 27. Wed. 28. Thurs. 29. Fri. 30. Sat. 31. Sun.


2:44 3:24 4:00 4:35 5:11 5:49 6:30 7:16 8:06 9:01 10:01 11:02 12:51 1:48 2:42 3:34 4:24 5:12 5:59 6:45 7:32 8:20 9:08 9:58 10:49 11:40 12:40 1:28 2:12 2:52

MAY 2015



2:57 9:45 9:10 3:37 10:30 9:43 4:17 11:13 10:17 4:58 11:56 10:52 5:39 12:38pm 11:29 6:23 1:21 7:10 12:11 2:05 8:00 12:58 2:51 8:54 1:53 3:39 9:51 2:57 4:28 10:51 4:10 5:18 11:51 5:28 6:08 12:04 6:45 6:56 1:04 7:56 7:44 2:02 9:01 8:30 2:57 10:01 9:15 3:50 10:58 10:01 4:42 11:51 10:46 5:33 12:41pm 11:32 6:23 1:30 7:14 12:21 2:16 8:06 1:12 3:01 9:00 2:07 3:44 9:55 3:07 4:26 10:51 4:14 5:06 11:47 5:23 5:45 6:32 6:23 12:30 7:35 7:01 1:20 8:33 7:39 2:08 9:25 8:17 2:55 10:13 8:56

SHARP’S IS. LIGHT: 46 minutes before Oxford TILGHMAN: Dogwood Harbor same as Oxford EASTON POINT: 5 minutes after Oxford CAMBRIDGE: 10 minutes after Oxford CLAIBORNE: 25 minutes after Oxford ST. MICHAELS MILES R.: 47 min. after Oxford WYE LANDING: 1 hr. after Oxford ANNAPOLIS: 1 hr., 29 min. after Oxford KENT NARROWS: 1 hr., 29 min. after Oxford CENTREVILLE LANDING: 2 hrs. after Oxford CHESTERTOWN: 3 hrs., 44 min. after Oxford

3 month tides at 43

Come visit us!

Fuel Dock Summer Hours Open seven days a week – 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.

call 410-226-5105 for fuel rates

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Enjoy vintage charm and modern amenities in this 3 bedroom home. Recent addition included family room and vaulted ceiling and full kitchen renovation. Private back yard features upper deck with pergola and lower deck with retractable awning. Cambridge $179,900


Delightful waterfront cottage offers 2 fireplaces, wood floors, granite and marble counters, cherry cabinets and pier with 3’ MLW in quiet village setting. Neavitt $395,000

Chris Young Benson and Mangold Real Estate 24 N. Washington Street, Easton, MD 21601 410-310-4278 · 410-770-9255 · 44

Dorchester Tour

bridge during this period, it contains an ornate parlor and dining room with a side hall back to the kitchen, and two bedrooms and study on the second floor. The kitchen is scaled to the house, and since little updating has been done, it has a vintage appeal. The stairway to the second floor is narrow and steep, and should be avoided by those who might have difficulty climbing stairs. The present owner has lovingly assembled suitable late-nineteenthcentury furnishings to authentically enhance the style of the home. On display will also be her own paintings and several interesting collections. Haller Home ~ Garden Only Located at the site of the grand nineteenth-century Oakley Hotel, this home was purchased just three years ago with a backyard that was a barren space, with the exception of two trees perfectly placed for a small hammock. After choosing just the right hammock, the owners set out planning the style for the future rectangular-shaped garden.

from one location to another in the Bay. This light lasted until 1964, when the house was dismantled during a general program of eliminating such lights. The current Choptank River Lighthouse, dedicated on September 22, 2012, is a replica of the Cherrystone Bar Light that once guided ships along the Choptank River. It houses the marina dockmaster’s office and a small museum.

Edward Lloyd, Jr. House This late-Victorian home was built in 1894-5 by Henry Lloyd, who had a grander home down the street. Typical of many homes built in Cam-


Dorchester Tour

White Residence ter. The house was subsequently elevated six feet. This renovation of the house created what is now a two-story Eastern Shore Colonial with a porch that commands a spectacular view of the Choptank River. The home is furnished with a mix of American, French, and English antiques.

Haller Garden The formal layout and plantings transport the visitor to another time, reminiscent of the formality of the eighteenth century. The lovely garden shed and a recently completed arbor entrance enhance the overall design of this exquisite space. Summer Inn “Summer Inn” began as a small brick cottage that is now set in the middle of many additions. The last addition is a large three-story shingled-style home crowned with a widow’s walk. The house is nestled by the side of a creek teeming with wildlife and lovely views of the Choptank River beyond. Two perennial gardens showcase a five-foot bronze sculpture of a great blue heron titled Queen of the Waterway. White Residence This home was originally built as a brick rancher in the early 1950s. In 2003, Hurricane Isabel flooded the house with about a foot of wa-

A delicious box luncheon, including drink and dessert, will be available at the Dorchester Center for the Arts between 11 a.m. and 2 p.m. by advanced reservation only. The cost is $15 per person, and your check will be your reservation. Please mail check, payable to the Dorchester Center for the Arts, to DCA, 321 High Street, Cambridge, MD 21613 no later than May 2. All advance sale tickets are $30 each; tickets purchased on the day of tour at the first stop are $35 per ticket. Tour books will be available. The tour will be held rain or shine. No photographs of house interiors are allowed. Please, no high-heeled shoes and no smoking. 46




7 BR home including 2 BR guest quarters. Desirable location, Pool, pier and great views. $2,395,000

Fabulous renovations! Gourmet kitchen, 1st floor master, pier and sunset views. $1,695,000



World class views. Deep water pier, pool and gazebo. Between St. Michaels and Easton. $1,250,000

Updated kitchen, sunroom, in-ground pool, patio and detached 2-car garage. Great location! $379,900

27999 Oxford Road, Oxford, Maryland 21654 Cell: 410.310.2021 | OfďŹ ce: 410.822.1415 | 47

Price Reduced

Island Creek Waterfront A yachtsman’s dream! Nearly 3 acres of manicured property with a 2 bedroom main house and 1 bedroom guest cottage with kitchen and bath. Expansive views of Island Creek. In-ground gunite pool and substantial dock with lift and 7½ feet depth at MLW. Main house has 2 large bedrooms and 2 full bathrooms and parquet floors throughout. Guest house also has expansive views and hardwood floors. Very private setting near end of private road. Reduced to $1,349,000

Henry Hale - Benson & Mangold Real Estate Sales & Service

O: 410-226-0111 C: 410-829-3777 220 N. Morris St. Oxford, MD 48

Lapp Returns to Fine Arts @ Oxford by Amy Blades Steward

Promoters of the 31st Fine Arts @ Oxford are thrilled to announce the return of local artist Howard Lapp to its juried cadre of exhibitors following a fourteen-year absence. The annua l Ox ford Communit y Center benefit will kick off with a ticketed Preview Gala on Friday, May 15 from 6 to 8 p.m. and will continue on Saturday, May 16 from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. and on Sunday, May 17 from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. The Friday night gala will feature an abundance of hear t y, savor y hors d’oeuvres and sweet treats, live entertainment and full bar offerings. Forty on-site artists will display a variety of quality two- and threedimensional pieces. The delicious homemade luncheon fare, a regular Saturday/Sunday event visitors have come to expect, will be available for purchase on both days. Attendees are advised to stock up on raffle tickets (in order to garner one of the nearly 30 pieces heading home on Sunday with their lucky winners), and to save room for the event’s legendary strawberry shortcake. From his early years, awardwinning artist Howard Lapp demon-

Diane and Howard with Lucy. strated a love of art and has painted regularly since childhood. L app is a retired airline captain; he is primarily self-taught with the exception of now-and-then classes at the Rhode Island School of Design, taken as his f light schedule permitted. Always an avid sailor, many of Lapp’s pieces ref lect the world of boating; the lives of watermen; and the landscapes of New England, Hawaii and Mar yland’s Eastern 49

Lapp Returns

out the US and in Europe; a piece was selected by the Curator of the Arts in Embassies program to grace the residence of the US ambassador in Brazil. The Lapp family moved to Oxford in 1984, and the next year Lapp was juried into Fine Arts @ Oxford; he was annually welcomed back as a successful exhibitor until his move to Hawaii in 2000. His simple yet dramatic rendering of a local

Shore. His paintings have been featured in Yankee and Chesapeake Bay magazines, and in numerous galleries and exhibitions in Hawaii and on the East Coast. Lapp earned an Award of Excellence in an International Marine Art exhibition at Mystic Seaport (CT). His paintings and prints can be found in private and corporate collections through-

Waters United ~ wood block print. 50

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410-820-7707 · 410-310-6622 · 800-851-4504 · 51

Lapp Returns

block printing and began study with skilled print makers on the island. Following additional work under master printer Paul Mullowney (San Francisco), Lapp developed his own skills and approach to complement his personal style. Once a piece of artwork is created, its reversed image is drawn in chalk upon a cherry or basswood surface that has been prepared with black Sumi ink. Several stages of carving, inking and handtransfer onto handmade Japanese paper follow, commensurate with the number of colors to be seen in the finished piece. Only through the meticulous registration of each color block is a crisp, clean and perfectly executed final image achieved. Lapp will exhibit several images that use this method. Advance purchase of Fine Arts @ Ox ford Prev iew Ga la t ickets ($80 per person) is recommended; each includes admission for the full weekend. All are welcome at the gala; to buy directly, or c a l l/e - m a i l 4 10 - 2 2 6 - 59 0 4/ to receive a mailed inv itation. Other w ise, Saturday, May 16 (10 a. m. to 5 p.m.) and Sunday, May 17 (10 a.m. to 4 p.m.) admission is $5; raff le tickets ($10/ book of 6) may be purchased throughout the weekend. The OCC is located at 200 Oxford Road in Oxford, MD; it is a 501c3 organization, and 30% of all art sales directly benefit the Center.

workboat was used on the 1991 event poster. A few years later, the north side of the Oxford Market became a visual treat for residents and visitors alike, thanks to the massive mural L app designed and executed in 1997 to honor local watermen and their vessels. While working on the project in the dead of that summer, Lapp bartered daily lunches for the striking “Eileen’s Deli” painting which still remains in that area of the market. The Lapps returned to Oxford temporarily in both 2012 and 2013, renting for several months each time while in search of their permanent home. At t hat t ime, f r iend and collector Dorothy Fenwick proposed a retrospective exhibit of as many of Lapp’s pieces as could be located and displayed together for the first time. In the spring of 2012, Sean C. Wells (also a 2015 FA@O exhibitor) curated, gathered and hung roughly 36 paintings to wide acclaim. One hundred twenty-five Friday-evening prev iew guests were amazed by the collection, and another 250 appr e c i at i ve v i s itor s at tende d throughout the weekend. A l t h o u g h L a p p ’s b o l d a n d distinctive style will be instantly recognized at FA@O, the ar tist continues to evolve and has an exciting new medium to exhibit. Soon after the move to Maui, he became intrigued by the age-old art of wood 52


New Homes Additions Renovations Historical Commercial 54

Legends of the Steel Road by Cliff Rhys James The boy was nine years old and living his dream, or at least the first act. Each day he’d wake up fast in the pre-dawn, jump into worn clothes, then run outside to breathe in a deep charge of Western Pennsylvania. Each day was fresh, even if the air wasn’t ~ polluted as it was by the bellowing steel mills strung along the river from Pittsburgh to Youngstown. But that was no matter. The boy had more important things on his mind. If his timing was good, and it usually was, he’d hit the Winslow Avenue sidewalks just after the milkman left an extra bottle of chocolate milk on his neighbor’s porch, and just before a bathrobed Mrs. McPeak swung open her door to pick it up. The milkman was simply doing what milkmen of the day did ~ following the delivery orders per a note left by the lady of the house. And in this case, the handwriting in the note on the McPeaks’ porch had been carefully mastered and expertly forged by Billy James. He’d even made sure to use the kind of #2 pencil and envelope scraps favored by Mrs. McPeak for all his forged notes to milkmen ~ at least for the ones involving her. Oh, yes, there were others.

Heck, Mrs. McPea k’s w r it ing was easy, much easier to forge than the ornate cursive of Mrs. Schuler, which somet imes looked li ke a strange combination of English and German. But, the dairy company and the Schulers eventually worked out a counter-strategy to foil Billy. Sooner or later the McPeaks and the dairy company would probably do the same. They’d be onto to his game, forcing him to start all over again with another neighbor. But unt il t hat happened, t here was nothing better than gulping down a bottle of cold chocolate milk as the day burst bright beneath the new rising sun. It was 1937, and in the 55

Legends of the Steel Road


ll u Ca To rA Fo

life of Billy James, anything could happen ~ and usually did. Like his hero Thomas Edison, Billy was a natural when it came to tinkering around with things. Under the occasional supervision of his uncle Ray, he’d already re-built the engine of his dad’s 1932 Chevy. True, Pop barely made it fourteen miles out of town on the way to the annual Welsh Song Festival in Toronto before the engine locked up, but that was only because he’d installed one lousy crankshaft oil dipper backwards. What kind of justice is that? Install five out of six lubricators properly and all hell breaks loose. That was the time he had to live in Kevin Polaski’s basement for two days until his old man Cliff, Mt. Vesuvius, James cooled down ~ Mr. Magma Flow spewing hot lava. On a pro rata basis it just didn’t seem fair. After all, five out of six was 83%, good enough to earn a B five days a week at Ben Franklin Elementary School, or even the four days per week he usually attended after you allowed for all the hooky he played. But that’s another story for another time. Billy was well attuned to the growing myths surrounding the technology of the day, and in those days steam power was not only a dominant one, it was a powerful force multiplier like few before it. It was cutting-edge stuff. And in the hearts and minds of people from sea to shining sea, it 56

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Benson & Mangold 410-770-9255

24 N. Washington St., Easton, MD 21601


Legends of the Steel Road

ing: A jubilant nation celebrated when two railroads joined at Promontory Point, Utah, as the golden spike completed the glorious road of steel that split the wilderness from ocean to ocean. And where a vast continent once lay divided by nature’s glory, a mighty transcontinental railroad now bound it together, causing time to collapse and distance to shrink. Still, there was another cultural icon whose steam-powered railroading exploits had grown into legend. Billy had not only learned the story, he’d memorized the poem. The daybreak air is cool, the chocolate milk cold and tasty, the morning birds are chirping, the first warm rays are shafting through the maple trees and Billy’s mind turns to the folk tale he finds fascinating: The year was 1900, a rainy, foggy night in April, and the train engi-

transcended currently used industrial machinery to a point where it occupied the commanding heights of a nation’s romantic spirit. Even when the tales were tragic: Steel-driving man John Henry challenged and bested a steam-powered machine and then, fatally drained by the effort, died with a hammer in his hand. Even when the tales were sensationally criminal: Jesse James had once been the most famous man in the English-speaking world, leading his brother Frank and the Younger boys, aka the James Gang, as they rode and shot their way through a thicket of Midwest Pinkertons from one daring train robbery to another. There it was again – the steam engine. Even when the tales were uplift-

John Henry was a steel-driving man. 58

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Legends of the Steel Road neer who pulled out of Memphis at 12:50 a.m. with six passenger cars was ninety-five minutes late but determined to get the Cannonball Express back on schedule into Canton, Mississippi; to ‘get there on the advertised,’ as he liked to say. Come all you rounders if you want to hear A story about a brave engineer. Casey Jones was the rounder’s name, ′Twas the Illinois Central where he won his fame. Casey was already a regional celebrity of sorts due to his unique skill with a train whistle. It was made of six thin tubes bound together, the shortest being exactly half the length of the longest, and its recognizable whistle sound starting with a long drawn-out note that began softly, rose and then died away to a whisper. Many said it reminded them of a sort of whippoorwill call, and the folks living along the Illinois Central right of way between Water Valley, Mississippi, and Jackson, Tennessee, would roll over in their beds at night when they heard it and say, “ there goes Casey Jones” as he roared past in the darkness. Billy thinks to heck with waking up the neighbors, this poem is too good to keep to himself, he’s got to share it with the world. And so he

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yells out in a loud voice: Ca se y Jones, he loved hi s locomotive. C a s e y Jone s, a might y man was he. Ca sey Jones, he ran that locomotive With the Cannonball special on the old IC. And now he wants to make sure that both sides of the street enjoy the full benefit of such fine poetry, and so he turns from side to side, shouting in one direction and then the other: Casey pulled into Memphis on number four. The engine foreman met him at the roundhouse door. Said, ‘Joe Lewis won’t be able to make his run, I need you to double out on number one.’


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If I can have Sim Webb as my fireman, and engine 382, Although I’m tired and weary, I’ll take her through. Fix on my whistle that I brought in today ′Cause I mean to keep her wailing as we ride fast and pray. That night the stormy weather obscured visibility, but any railroad man wor th his salt knew steam engines ran best in cool, damp conditions. Casey smiled to himself, the hell with it, as far as he was concerned, conditions were perfect for making up time. He had a fast en-

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Legends of the Steel Road gine, a light train and an experienced fireman, and he planned to put those advantages to good use. “Pour on the coal,” he yelled to his fireman, Sim Webb, as they highballed it south under a full head of steam hitting speeds of 90 mph, “old number 382 has her dancing shoes on tonight.” For I’m gonna run her ′til she leaves the rail, or make it on time with the southbound mail.

Casey Jones Billy stops to cup his hands, turn his head and direct his voice toward the Schuler house: The y pulled out of Me mphi s nearly two hours late. Soon they were speeding at a terrible rate. And the people knew by the whistle’s moan That the man at the throttle was Casey Jones.

After splitting open the clouds, the sun has burst out all over Winslow Avenue. Billy has carefully deposited the empty milk bottle into Mr. Johnson’s trash can and is deep into his full-throated glory shouting out the words at the top of his lungs: Casey Jones, he loved his locomotive. Casey Jones, a mighty man was he. Casey Jones, he ran that locomotive With the Cannonball special on the old IC.

Then as the track straightened out and old #382 roared out of a fog bank, Casey spotted red caboose lights dead ahead. “Oh, my Lord, there’s something on the main line,” he yelled to Sim. The experienced engineer knew they were less than 20 seconds from a high speed collision. He did all he could. He threw his engine in reverse, slammed the airbrakes into emergency stop and yanked down on the whistle cord, and when that wasn’t enough, he rolled into legend. “Jump, Sim, save yourself,” Casey yelled. Still moving

By the time they reached Durant, Mississippi, one hundred and fiftyfive miles south of Memphis, the train was almost on time and Casey was almost satisfied. Thundering toward Vaughn, Mississippi, they were a mere two minutes behind schedule as the Cannonball Express rumbled into a long sweeping curve at 75 mph. 62

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Legends of the Steel Road

Casey Jones mounted the cabin. Casey Jones with the orders in his hand. Casey Jones, he mounted in the cabin And started his farewell journey to the Promised Land.

65 mph, Sim leapt into the gloomy night. He flew fifty feet and luckily landed in the thick muddy underbrush next to the right of way. Sim, regaining consciousness, emerged thirty minutes later with no serious injuries other than a broken heart caused by the tragedy spread out before him. As for the crew of the other train blocking the track, they heard the long piercing wail of Casey’s whistle and bolted to safety. Old #382 plowed through a wooden caboose, a carload of hay, another of corn, and halfway through a timber car before it left the tracks with Casey at the helm. But by staying with the train and riding to his death, he slowed his forward speed to 40 mph, saving the lives of his passengers. When they found his body in the twisted wreckage, one hand was on the whistle cord, the other was on the brake handle. The steam engine lay overturned like a blackened beached wha le made of iron and r ivets. Casey lay broken and half buried in the wreckage of dirt, twisted steel, splintered wood, steam and cinders. It was a tragic but fitting end to a life. It was also the birth of a folk-hero whose name became the symbol of American railroading, its daring and romance. Bi l ly, a l most hoa r se by now, winds it down by hollering out the final stanza:

No… railroading was no ordinary business. It oc cupied a specia l place in the national psyche and collective dreams of a young and sturdy nation f illed w ith r iverspanning, mountain-conquering adventurers: men with something to prove. They were the spiritual descendants of Daniel Boone who hacked out his Wilderness Road through the Cumberland Gap. In a blossoming of providential irony, it took the untamed spirit of wild young men to tame the spirit of the wild-lands itself. But while Boone’s tenacity wore down the Appalachian Mountains and linked up several states, railroaders would settle for nothing less than tying together the Atlantic and Pacific oceans with a ribbon of steel. And over this rail line traveled a nation’s triumphs and struggles, its folklore, its history, and many of its legends. It was American grit writ large for the world to read. Billy eventually got busted for boosting one too many bottles of chocolate milk off the pre-dawn porches across the East Side of New Castle, Penn. And, even though his father threatened more than once 64

Selling Maryland’s Eastern Shore Historic Charm in Dorchester County This Historic Home sits on 5+/- acres with all the modern amenities needed to enjoy this charming Cape Cod year ‘round or just on weekends. 2 BRs, 1 full bath main residence, and expansive heated area above detached garage w/½ bath, the living options are endless. Come see for yourself how the current owners tastefully integrated the old with the new! Includes tax ID: 1008183104. DO8505815 $264,500

Easy Access to the Chesapeake Bay Exceptionally Renovated Coastal Waterfront Home w/elevated pool & deck on Tar Bay w/views & easy access to the Chesapeake Bay. This 3 BR, 1.5 BA split level is a great getaway for the Buyers interested in wildlife watching, riding bikes or simply enjoying all the water activities (boating, fishing, kayaking, etc.) Sale includes Lots C4, C5, C6. DO8376553 $395,000

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410-726-6581 ♦ Long & Foster Real Estate, Inc. 28380 St. Michaels Rd. Easton, Maryland 21601 410-770-3600 65

Legends of the Steel Road

electricians who could troubleshoot and repair unreliable diesel electric locomotives after they broke down on the main line, as they so often did in the early days of the technology. It was an extremely serious problem and, but for the resourcefulness of these diesel riders, a smooth running railroad could quickly become a gridlocked traffic jam with trains backed up, side tracked and rerouted at great expense. A s fate would have it, his ascension through the management ranks of the railroad paralleled the demise of the steam engine and the concurrent rise of the diesel electric locomotive. But even years later, as a Corporate VP responsible for the maintenance of over 5,000 diesel electric locomotives, he could sometimes be heard coming down the hallways of headquarters: Come all you rounders if you want to hear A story about a brave engineer. Casey Jones was the rounder’s name, ‘Twas the Illinois Central where he won his fame.

to “send him up the river to Morganza,” the large reform school near Pittsburgh for incorrigible boys, no one ever seriously thought of him as “bad” in the normal sense. He was just an ornery, high-speed kid; an excitable boy with his throttle stuck on wide open. And before long he put away his childish ways. There would be no more push scooters and bicycles for him. Always a hard worker, he saved money from his multiple part-time jobs and soon graduated to louder and faster things. Entering his teen years, he became an equal opportunity destroyer of motorcycles, demolishing two Harley Davidsons and two Indians in spectacular accidents all before he’d reached the legal driving age of 16. (In one notorious crash that made the front pages of the New Castle News, he was literally knocked out of his clothes from the waist down. That’s right, when he regained consciousness in a grass lot next to a gas station, he wore neither pants nor underwear, neither shoes nor socks. (The photographer on the scene was discreet.) But that, too, is another tale for another time. At fifteen, following the untimely death of his father, and with unpaid bills mounting at home, he went to work full time on the B&O Railroad as an electrician apprentice. Before long, he was an expert diesel rider ~ one of the new breed of highly skilled

Cliff James and his wife have been Easton residents since September 2009. Upon winding down his business career out west, they decided to return to familial roots in the Mid-Atlantic area and to finally get serious about their twin passions: writing and art. 66

What’s Your

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Easton, Maryland 410.820.7783 67


Bountiful Breads The smell of fresh bread baking calls back warm childhood memories. When you have the time, I feel it is so special to mix and knead your own dough. Sometimes I make an extra batch to keep in the freezer so we can enjoy fresh bread on a weeknight, or sticky buns on Saturday morning. I have included some of my favorite bread recipes ~ from a healthy grain bread to my grandmother’s delicious cinnamon buns. I still remember enjoying them at her house when I was a child. The muffins are great to make ahead and freeze for later. You never know when those muffins might come in handy.

1 cup “John McCann” Steel Cut Irish Oatmeal 1/2 T. salt 4 T. honey 3 t. baking soda 3 T. wheat germ 4 T. flaxseed 4 cups buttermilk or 1 cup dry buttermilk and 3 to 3-1/2 cups water

BONNI’S INCREDIBLE FIVE GRAIN BREAD Makes 2 loaves This is such a delicious and healthy bread from my dear friend.

Sift and mix all dry ingredients into a large bowl, add the water or buttermilk. Stir until well incorporated. The batter will resemble muffin mix. Add more water if necessary. Do not over mix. Divide batter into 2 well greased loaf pans. Bake at 425° for 15 to 20

3 cups whole wheat f lour 1 cup all-purpose f lour 69

Bountiful Breads minutes, depending on how hot is your oven.

GRANNY’S OLD-FASHIONED CINNAMON BUNS Makes 18 1/2 cup sugar 1/2 t. salt 1 pkg. active dry yeast 4 cups flour 1/2 cup butter 1 egg 1/2 cup packed brown sugar 1/2 cup walnuts, chopped 1/2 cup raisins 1-1/2 t. ground cinnamon Sugar Glaze: 1 cup confectioner’s sugar 4 t. rum or vanilla extract Combine sugar, salt, yeast and 1 cup flour in a bowl. In a saucepan heat the milk and 1/4 cup butter until warm ~ about 120°. Mix the sugar and milk together on low speed with your mixer. Then add your egg and another cup of flour and mix for 2 minutes. Stir in the rest of the f lour. 70

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Bountiful Breads


Many Changing Seasonally

On a floured surface, knead the dough until smooth, about 10 minutes. Add more flour if needed. Shape the dough into a ball and place in a large greased bowl, turning the dough once so it has a greased surface on top. Cover and let rise in a warm place (about 8085°) away from a draft. Let it rise for about an hour, or until it has doubled in size. Meanwhile combine the brown sugar, walnuts, raisins and cinnamon. Grease a 13” x 9” baking pan. Melt 1/4 cup butter. Punch down the dough and turn it out onto a floured surface. Roll the dough into an 18” x 12” rectangle. Brush with melted butter and sprinkle on the brown sugar mixture. Starting with the 18” side, roll the dough jellyroll fashion and pinch the seam to seal. With the seam side down, cut crosswise into 18 slices. Place in the pan cut side down. Cover and let rise until double, about 40 minutes. Preheat the oven to 400°. Bake for 20 minutes. Cool slightly and top with the sugar glaze. To make the sugar glaze, combine the confectioner’s sugar and rum in a small bowl. My grandmother always used rum, but you can use vanilla extract, depending on whom you are serving them to. Rum has the best flavor, though.

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Bountiful Breads

HOLLY’S AWESOME BANANA BREAD Makes 1 loaf 1/2 cup butter 1-1/2 cups sugar 2 eggs 1/2 t. baking powder 3/4 t. baking soda 2 cups flour 1/2 t. salt 1/4 cup sour cream 4 mashed bananas 1 cup chopped pecans

COUNTRY OATMEAL BREAD Makes 2 loaves This is such an easy and delicious bread to make. I remember making this with my friend Lucy years ago while living in California. 1 cup rolled oats 2 T. butter 1/2 cup honey or molasses 2-1/2 t. salt 2 pkg. dry yeast 5-6 cups flour

Cream together the butter and sugar. Add the eggs and mix well. In a separate bowl, mix together the rest of the dry ingredients, then add the butter mixture, alternating with the sour cream. Add bananas and pecans and mix thoroughly. Pour batter into a rectangular loaf pan. Bake at 350° for 30 minutes, or until an inserted toothpick comes out clean.

Pour 2 cups of boiling water over the oats. Add the butter, salt and honey or molasses. Cool to lukewarm. Dissolve the yeast in 1/3 cup warm water. Add to oatmeal mixture. Mix in 5 to 6 cups of flour to make a stiff dough. Knead for 7 to 10 minutes. Put the dough in a greased bowl and turn to top with oil. Cover and let double. Punch down and divide into two loaf pans and let rise again. Bake at 350° for 35 to 45 minutes.

SPANISH PEASANT BREAD Makes 2 loaves This is another amazing bread 74


Bountiful Breads

in the oven for 30 to 40 minutes. It is done when brown and sounds hollow when you tap it. Cool out of pans. If you like a crustier bread, you can spray it with cold water a few times while it bakes. I usually don’t bother, but it is delicious either way.

recipe from my dear friend Holly. It is a favorite at our house. 1 pkg. dry yeast 2 cups warm water 2 T. sugar 1 T. olive oil 1 T. salt 5 cups flour In a large bowl combine the yeast, warm water and sugar. Do not stir. Let the bubbles form and foam will appear. Then add the olive oil and salt. Stir in the flour until it becomes a “glop.” Dump it out on a floured board and knead it. Let it sit on the board and cover it with the bowl for about an hour. Knead the dough and cut into 2 parts. Put each part in an oiled pie pan and let rise for another 30 minutes. I usually shape it into balls to make it easier. About 10 minutes before baking put water into an ovenproof dish on the bottom shelf of the oven and preheat to 425°. When the dough has risen, put it

MOM’S GREAT ZUCCHINI BREAD Makes 2 loaves This is a great recipe to remember when you have a lot of zucchini from the garden. These freeze well. 3 eggs 1 cup oil 1 cup sugar 2 cups grated zucchini 3 t. vanilla 3 cups flour 1 t. baking soda 1 t. salt 1/2 t. baking powder 3 t. cinnamon 1 cup chopped nuts (optional) Beat eggs until light and fluffy. Add the next 4 ingredients, mixing lightly but well. Add remaining in76


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Bountiful Breads

Repeat this process until you have combined all of the flour and milk. This alternating process helps add air to the batter. Grease and flour muffin tins. Fill each 1/2 full and bake at 400° for 20 minutes. In a small bowl, combine the cinnamon and sugar. Remove the muffins from the pan and dip each into the remaining melted butter. Roll each muffin in the cinnamon and sugar mixture. Serve immediately.

gredients. Grease and f lour 2 loaf pans. Pour in batter evenly. Bake at 350° for 1 hour.

BREAKFAST MUFFIN PUFFS Makes 12 muffins 1-1/2 cups plus 2 T. all-purpose flour 3/4 cup sugar 2 t. baking powder 1/4 t. salt 1/4 t. nutmeg, freshly grated 1/2 cup milk 1 egg, beaten 1/3 cup butter, melted and cooled Topping: 1 t. ground cinnamon 1/2 cup sugar 1/3 cup butter, melted

MOM’S APPLE MUFFINS Makes 12 muffins 1-3/4 cups flour 1/4 cup sugar 3/4 t. salt 1/2 t. cinnamon 2-1/2 t. baking powder 1 beaten egg 1 cup apples, peeled and chopped 3/4 cup milk 1/3 cup oil Topping: 2 T. sugar 1/2 t. cinnamon

Sift the flour, sugar, baking powder, salt and nutmeg together into a small bowl. In a medium bowl combine the egg and 1/3 cup butter. Add 1/3 of the flour mixture and stir slightly with a wooden spoon, then add 1/3 of the milk.

Stir together the first five ingredients. Make a well in the center 78


Bountiful Breads

Using a fork, mix together the flour, sugar, baking powder and salt in a medium bowl. In another bowl combine the milk, egg and vanilla. Beat well until blended. Add the cooled melted butter, milk mixture and blueberries to the dry f lour mixture. Fold the ingredients together until just blended. Spoon equal amounts of batter into each muffin cup. Sprinkle sugar evenly on top of batter. Bake the muffins for 18 to 20 minutes, until the tops are golden and have risen nicely. Insert a toothpick in the center of a muffin. If it comes out clean, the muffins are done. Place them on a cooling rack for 15 minutes before removing them from the pan.

and blend in the egg, milk, oil and apple. Stir until just moist. Put in muffin cups and sprinkle with sugar and cinnamon. Bake at 375째 for 20 minutes.

BIG BLUEBERRY MUFFINS Makes 12 1/2 cup (1 stick) butter 2 cups all-purpose flour 1/2 cup sugar 1 T. baking powder 1/2 t. salt 1 cup whole milk 1 egg 1 t. vanilla 1-1/2 cup blueberries, rinsed and dried 1 T. sugar Put the butter into a small saucepan over medium heat. Stir with a wooden spoon until melted, 1 to 2 minutes. Remove the pan from the heat and set it aside to cool. Preheat oven to 375째. Spray the muffin tins with oil or use paper liners.

GW FINS BISCUITS This recipe comes from my dear friend Dede Kramer from Denver. These are so easy to make and are delicious! 3-1/4 cups White Lily self-rising flour 80

1/4 cup sugar 10 T. lard 1 cup milk Place f lour and sugar in the mixer, making sure it is at low speed. Attach the paddle and add the lard. Mix on low until it is crumbly, 2 to 3 minutes. Place the mixture in a 1 gallon container, cover and store in the refrigerator. When you are ready to make your biscuits, place 4 cups of the mixture in a large mixing bowl and stir in milk by hand until well mixed. Preheat oven to 400°. Prepare your baking sheet by spraying with Pam. Scoop mixture out with a 2 oz. scoop onto the pan and bake for 8 minutes. Serve immediately.

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by K. Marc Teffeau, Ph.D.

Spring in the Garden Since the threat of frost is now behind us, it is time to get to work in the home landscape as there are lots of gardening activities around the home and vegetable garden to keep us busy. May is when we are actively setting out annual flower and vegetable transplants. In particular, your tomato, pepper, and eggplant transplants become less

stressed when they are set out on a cloudy, calm day. Unfortunately, gardeners may need to transplant when they have the time, regardless of the weather. Strong sun and wind are hard on new transplants, so set out plants in the late afternoon when the wind dies down and the plants have overnight to acclimate. Pro-

It is important to protect your early transplants. 83

Tidewater Gardening

up in the vegetable garden so it is important to inspect your garden every day. The first line of defense is to not introduce any insect pests into the garden via the transplants. This is how whiteflies usually end up on your tomatoes. Carefully inspect the leaves of the tomato transplants that you are buying to make sure no whiteflies are present. It is especially important to check the undersides of the leaves. The list of early spring insect pests active now include aphids, cabbageworms, squash bugs, cucumber beetles, and Colorado potato beetles. Aphids seem to appear overnight and suck the sap from the leaves and tender new growth, but usually cause little permanent

vide shade and wind protection with berry baskets, small crates, or screens. Mulching helps since it lowers the rate at which water evaporates from the soil and controls the soil temperature. Early insect damage can show

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damage. A number of parasites and predators, notably the ladybird beetle, help keep this insect pest in check. A forceful spray from the garden hose will also help to keep aphids under control. For serious infestations, try using a soap insecticide. Keep an eye out for cabbageworms in the cabbage and broccoli plantings. They can ruin the heads if not kept under control. How many times have you gone out to the vegetable garden, picked a couple of nice heads of broccoli, brought them inside and steamed them for dinner only to find a couple of blanched white cabbage worms in the heads when you put them on the dinner plate? Don’t worry, the cabbageworms are a source of protein, but most of us prefer being served protein in the form of a steak. Use a biological control called B.t. or Dipel to assist in controlling these worms. To help prevent cutworm damage on the transplants, cut the tops and bottoms from the small size coffee cans. Place the cans over the transplants in the early evening. Next morning remove them so the plant can get full sun. Repeat this practice for about a week until the plants become established. A telltale sign that you have cutworms in the garden is pencil diameter sized holes in the ground. The cutworms come out at night

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and clip the transplants off at the ground level. You can use old pantyhose to enclose individual veggies like melons, corn, cabbage, cucumbers and small pumpkins to protect from birds and insects. Tie the pantyhose off at both ends of the veggie to keep insects out. The pantyhose will stretch with growth of the vegetable and dry off quickly after rain.

These must be controlled early with floating row covers. Protection in the early stages of growth is important, however, when the plants start to flower, especially squash and cucumbers, you will need to remove the row covers to allow bees access to pollinate the flowers. Try using a spray made up of horseradish roots and leaves, garlic, peppercorns, hot peppers and green onions. Blend these ingredients up in your blender and then place in a pail and add one cup of liquid detergent. Stir and let set overnight. Use one-half cup of the solution to one quart of water and spray on the plants. Squash bugs are a real pain so you need to get on them as soon as you see the tiny bugs present. Concentrate on looking for them at the base of the squash plants and crushing their egg masses on the undersides of the leaves when you see them. Besides putting the transplants in the vegetable garden, now is the time to make your first sowing of green beans, cucumbers,

Striped and spotted cucumber beetles are voracious feeders on many vegetables including squash, corn, cucumbers, melons, and beans. They also transmit the bacterial wilt disease that causes the plants to rapidly wilt and die.

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Tidewater Gardening

If you have shady areas in the landscape, impatiens is the best annual for use in the semi-shady landscape while begonias, coleus, ageratums and vinca will do well in light shade. Don’t forget the summer f lowering bulbs like dahlias, tuberous begonias, lilies, cannas and gladiolus. An excellent addition to any

squash, sweet corn, and a second seeding of lettuce and other leafy greens. To ensure good pollination in your sweet corn planting, plant the seeds in short multi-row blocks rather than in long rows. Sweet corn is wind-pollinated, so by planting in blocks you can increase pollination rates. In the flower border, dig and divide dusty miller and replant the more vigorous outside portions of the clump. You can now set out marigolds, petunias, ageratums, salvia and other annual flowers into the flower beds. Be sure that these plants get as much sun as possible to encourage prolific flowering.

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ing your planting one to two weeks apart this will provide continuous bloom, or as alternative, choose early, mid-season, and late varieties. The days from planting to bloom may vary from 60 to 120 depending on variety. Garden catalogs and information on the bags of corms usually give the number of days to bloom. For earliest bloom, plant early flowering varieties and begin in early May. Also, don’t forget to set up the wire or string system to support them. For best bloom, water thoroughly once a week after the spike begins to show above the soil. Early flowering deciduous shrubs such as forsythias, weigela, and spirea should be pruned back when

home garden, glads can be planted in the f lower bed as irregular groups among other f lowers. They are attractive when grown among perennials such as peonies and daylilies. However, glads are often more effective and easier to care for if they have their own exclusive area in the garden. The most popular use for glads is in flower arrangements. When grown for cutting, glads may be planted in rows in the vegetable garden or a corner of the flower border. Large quantities are easier to weed and care for in rows. Glads may be planted anytime from early May until mid-June. Plant the corms in well-drained soil, protected from wind. By spac-


Tidewater Gardening they have finished blooming. Renewal pruning is important for overgrown plants to keep them flowering each year. Cut back a third of the oldest stems to ground level, then cut back one third of the remaining branches by one third of their height.

Remove the wilting seed heads from rhododendrons, azaleas and lilacs so that the plants energy can go to foliage growth and next year’s f lower bud production, rather than seeds. Pines and other conifers can be kept to a compact size by pinching off the new growth ‘candles’ at this time. In the lawn care area, do not fertilize turf in May. I know that there are commercial programs which encourage this but all you end up doing is getting faster grass growth and the need for more mowing. The best time to fertilize cool season turf in our area is in the mid to late fall. It is very important to mow your 90

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Tidewater Gardening

Also, make sure that you mow at the correct height. For tall fescue lawns the mowing height should be a minimum of 2 inches, preferably higher. There is a tendency among homeowners to “scalp� their lawns. This not only damages the grass plant and stresses it by taking off too much of the grass blade at one time; it also opens up the lawn to crabgrass invasion.

turf correctly. Make sure that the mower blade is sharp as a dull blade will tear rather than leave a clean cut. This ragged grass blade edge gives the turf a brown appearance and opens up opportunities for disease to infect the grass blade. Want to keep crabgrass out of the lawn? Mow high instead of putting down an herbicide. Crabgrass seed needs light to germinate. By shading the soil surface with tall grass blades, the germination percentage of crabgrass seeds with go way down. Happy Gardening! Marc Teffeau, retired as the Director of Research and Regulatory Affairs at the American Nursery and Landscape Association in Washington, D.C. He now lives in Georgia with his wife, Linda.

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Dorchester County is known as the Heart of the Chesapeake. It is rich in Chesapeake Bay history, folklore and tradition. With 1,700 miles of shoreline (more than any other Maryland county), marshlands, working boats, quaint waterfront towns and villages among fertile farm fields – much still exists of what is the authentic Eastern Shore landscape and traditional way of life along the Chesapeake. FREDERICK C. MALKUS MEMORIAL BRIDGE is the gateway to Dorchester County over the Choptank River. It is the second longest span 95

Dorchester Points of Interest bridge in Maryland after the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. A life-long resident of Dorchester County, Senator Malkus served in the Maryland State Senate from 1951 through 1994. Next to the Malkus Bridge is the 1933 Emerson C. Harrington Bridge. This bridge was replaced by the Malkus Bridge in 1987. Remains of the 1933 bridge are used as fishing piers on both the north and south bank of the river. HERITAGE MUSEUMS and GARDENS of DORCHESTER - Home of the Dorchester County Historical Society, Heritage Museum offers a range of local history and gardens on its grounds. The Meredith House, a 1760’s Georgian home, features artifacts and exhibits on the seven Maryland governors associated with the county; a child’s room containing antique dolls and toys; and other period displays. The Neild Museum houses a broad collection of agricultural, maritime, industrial, and Native American artifacts, including a McCormick reaper (invented by Cyrus McCormick in 1831). The Ron Rue exhibit pays tribute to a talented local decoy carver with a re-creation of his workshop. The Goldsborough Stable, circa 1790, includes a sulky, pony cart, horse-driven sleighs, and tools of the woodworker, wheelwright, and blacksmith. For more info. tel: 410-228-7953 or visit

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DORCHESTER COUNTY VISITOR CENTER - The Visitors Center in Cambridge is a major entry point to the lower Eastern Shore, positioned just off U.S. Route 50 along the shore of the Choptank River. With its 100foot sail canopy, it’s also a landmark. In addition to travel information and exhibits on the heritage of the area, there’s also a large playground, garden, boardwalk, restrooms, vending machines, and more. The Visitors Center is open daily from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. For more information about Dorchester County call 410-228-1000 or visit or SAILWINDS PARK - Located at 202 Byrn St., Cambridge, Sailwinds Park has been the site for popular events such as the Seafood Feast-I-Val in August and the Grand National Waterfowl Hunt’s Grandtastic Jamboree in November. For more info. tel: 410-228-SAIL(7245) or visit www. CAMBRIDGE CREEK - a tributary of the Choptank River, runs through the heart of Cambridge. Located along the creek are restaurants where you can watch watermen dock their boats after a day’s work on the waterways of Dorchester. HISTORIC HIGH STREET IN CAMBRIDGE - When James Michener was doing research for his novel Chesapeake, he reportedly called

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Dorchester Points of Interest Cambridge’s High Street one of the most beautiful streets in America. He modeled his fictional city Patamoke after Cambridge. Many of the gracious homes on High Street date from the 1700s and 1800s. Today you can join a historic walking tour of High Street each Saturday at 11 a.m., April through October (weather permitting). For more info. tel: 410-901-1000. High Street is also known as one of the most haunted streets in Maryland. join a Chesapeake Ghost Walk to hear the stories. Find out more at www. SKIPJACK NATHAN OF DORCHESTER - Sail aboard the authentic skipjack Nathan of Dorchester, offering heritage cruises on the Choptank River. The Nathan is docked at Long Wharf in Cambridge. Dredge for oysters and hear the stories of the working waterman’s way of life. For more info. and schedules tel: 410-228-7141 or visit CHOPTANK RIVER LIGHTHOUSE REPLICA - The replica of a six-sided screwpile lighthouse includes a small museum with exhibits about the original lighthouse’s history and the area’s maritime heritage. The lighthouse, located on Pier A at Long Wharf Park in Cambridge, is open daily, May through October, and by appointment, November through April; call 410-463-2653. For more info. visit DORCHESTER CENTER FOR THE ARTS - Located at 321 High Street in Cambridge, the Center offers monthly gallery exhibits and shows, extensive art classes, and special events, as well as an artisans’ gift shop with an array of items created by local and regional artists. For more info. tel: 410-228-7782 or visit RICHARDSON MARITIME MUSEUM - Located at 401 High St., Cambridge, the Museum makes history come alive for visitors in the form of exquisite models of traditional Bay boats. The Museum also offers a collection of boatbuilders’ tools and watermen’s artifacts that convey an understanding of how the boats were constructed and the history of their use. The Museum’s Ruark Boatworks facility, located on Maryland Ave., is passing on the knowledge and skills of area boatwrights to volunteers and visitors alike. Watch boatbuilding and restoration in action. For more info. tel: 410-221-1871 or visit HARRIET TUBMAN MUSEUM & EDUCATIONAL CENTER - The Museum and Educational Center is developing programs to preserve the history and memory of Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad. The museum is open Tuesday through Saturday. Local tours by appointment are available. The Museum and Educational Center, located at 424 98


Dorchester Points of Interest Race St., Cambridge, is one of the stops on the “Finding a Way to Freedom” self-guided driving tour. For more info. tel: 410-228-0401 or visit www. SPOCOTT WINDMILL - Since 1972, Dorchester County has had a fully operating English style post windmill that was expertly crafted by the late master shipbuilder, James B. Richardson. There has been a succession of windmills at this location dating back to the late 1700’s. The complex also includes an 1800 tenant house, one-room school, blacksmith shop, and country store museum. The windmill is located at 1625 Hudson Rd., Cambridge. For more info. visit HORN POINT LABORATORY - The Horn Point Laboratory offers public tours of this world-class scientific research laboratory, which is affiliated with the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science. The 90-minute walking tour shows how scientists are conducting research to restore the Chesapeake Bay. Horn Point Laboratory is located at 2020 Horns Point Rd., Cambridge, on the banks of the Choptank River. For more info. and tour schedule tel: 410-228-8200 or visit THE STANLEY INSTITUTE - This 19th century one-room African

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American schoolhouse, dating back to 1865, is one of the oldest Maryland schools to be organized and maintained by a black community. Between 1867 and 1962, the youth in the African-American community of Christ Rock attended this school, which is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Tours available by appointment. The Stanley Institute is located at the intersection of Route 16 West & Bayly Rd., Cambridge. For more info. tel: 410-228-6657. OLD TRINITY CHURCH in Church Creek was built in the 17th century and perfectly restored in the 1950s. This tiny architectural gem continues to house an active congregation of the Episcopal Church. The old graveyard around the church contains the graves of the veterans of the American Revolution, the War of 1812, and the American Civil War. This part of the cemetery also includes the grave of Maryland’s Governor Carroll and his daughter Anna Ella Carroll who was an advisor to Abraham Lincoln. The date of the oldest burial is not known because the wooden markers common in the 17th century have disappeared. For more info. tel: 410-228-2940 or visit BUCKTOWN VILLAGE STORE - Visit the site where Harriet Tubman received a blow to her head that fractured her skull. From this injury Harriet believed God gave her the vision and directions that inspired her to guide


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Dorchester Points of Interest so many to freedom. Artifacts include the actual newspaper ad offering a reward for Harriet’s capture. Historical tours, bicycle, canoe and kayak rentals are available. Open upon request. The Bucktown Village Store is located at 4303 Bucktown Rd., Cambridge. For more info. tel: 410-901-9255. HARRIET TUBMAN BIRTHPLACE - “The Moses of her People,” Harriet Tubman was believed to have been born on the Brodess Plantation in Bucktown. There are no Tubman-era buildings remaining at the site, which today is a farm. Recent archeological work at this site has been inconclusive, and the investigation is continuing, although there is some evidence that points to Madison as a possible birthplace. BLACKWATER NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE - Located 12 miles south of Cambridge at 2145 Key Wallace Dr. With more than 25,000 acres of tidal marshland, it is an important stop along the Atlantic Flyway. Blackwater is currently home to the largest remaining natural population of endangered Delmarva fox squirrels and the largest breeding population of American bald eagles on the East Coast, north of Florida. There is a full service Visitor Center and a four-mile Wildlife Drive, walking trails and water trails. For more info. tel: 410-228-2677 or visit EAST NEW MARKET - Originally settled in 1660, the entire town is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Follow a self-guided walking tour to see the district that contains almost all the residences of the original founders and offers excellent examples of colonial architecture. For more info. visit HURLOCK TRAIN STATION - Incorporated in 1892, Hurlock ranks as the second largest town in Dorchester County. It began from a Dorchester/Delaware Railroad station built in 1867. The Old Train Station has been restored and is host to occasional train excursions. For more info. tel: 410-943-4181. VIENNA HERITAGE MUSEUM - The museum displays the last surviving mother-of-pearl button manufacturing operation in the country, as well as artifacts of local history. The museum is located at 303 Race, St., Vienna. For more info. tel: 410-943-1212 or visit LAYTON’S CHANCE VINEYARD & WINERY - This small farm winery, minutes from historic Vienna at 4225 New Bridge Rd., offers daily tours of the winemaking operation. The family-oriented Layton’s also hosts a range of events, from a harvest festival to karaoke happy hour to concerts. For more info. tel. 410-228-1205 or visit 102

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To St. Michaels

To Bay Bridge


Easton Points of Interest Historic Downtown Easton is the county seat of Talbot County. Established around early religious settlements and a court of law, today the historic district of Easton is a centerpiece of fine specialty shops, business and cultural activities, unique restaurants and architectural fascination. Tree-lined streets are graced with various period structures and remarkable homes, carefully preser ved or restored. Because of its historical significance, Easton has earned distinction as the “Colonial Capital of the Eastern Shore” and was honored as #8 in the book, “The 100 Best Small Towns in America.” Walking Tour of Downtown Easton Start near the corner of Harrison Street and Mill Place. 1. HISTORIC TIDEWATER INN - 101 E. Dover St. A completely modern hotel built in 1949, it was enlarged in 1953 and has recently undergone extensive renovations. It is the “Pride of the Eastern Shore.” 2. THE BULLITT HOUSE - 108 E. Dover St. One of Easton’s oldest and most beautiful homes, it was built in 1801. It is now occupied by the Mid-Shore Community Foundation. 3. AVALON THEATRE - 42 E. Dover St. Constructed in 1921 during the heyday of silent films and vaudeville entertainment. Over the course of its history, it has been the scene of three world premiers, including “The First Kiss,” starring Fay Wray and Gary Cooper, in 1928. The theater has gone through two major restorations: the first in 1936, when it was refinished in an art deco theme by the Schine Theater chain, and again 52 years later, when it was converted to a performing arts and community center. For more info. tel: 410-822-0345 or visit www. 4. TALBOT COUNTY VISITORS CENTER - 11 S. Harrison St. The Office of Tourism provides visitors with county information for historic Easton and the waterfront villages of Oxford, St. Michaels and Tilghman Island. For more info. tel: 410-770-8000 or visit 5. BARTLETT PEAR INN - 28 S. Harrison St. Significant for its architecture, it was built by Benjamin Stevens in 1790 and is one of Easton’s earliest three-bay brick buildings. The home was “modernized” with Victorian bay windows on the right side in the 1890s. 105

Easton Points of Interest 6. WATERFOWL BUILDING - 40 S. Harrison St. The old armory is now the headquarters of the Waterfowl Festival, Easton’s annual celebration of migratory birds and the hunting season, the second weekend in November. For more info. tel: 410-822-4567 or visit www. 7. ACADEMY ART MUSEUM - 106 South St. Accredited by the American Alliance of Museums, the Academy Art Museum is a fine art museum founded in 1958. Providing national and regional exhibitions, performances, educational programs, and visual and performing arts classes for adults and children, the Museum also offers a vibrant concert and lecture series and an annual craft festival, CR AFT SHOW (the Eastern Shore’s largest juried fine craft show), featuring local and national artists and artisans demonstrating, exhibiting and selling their crafts. The Museum’s permanent collection consists of works on paper and contemporary works by American and European masters. Mon. through Thurs. 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. Friday, Saturday, Sunday 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. First Friday of each month open until 7 p.m. For more info. tel: (410) 822-ARTS (2787) or visit

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Easton Points of Interest 8. CHRIST CHURCH - St. Peter’s Parish, 111 South Harrison St. The Parish was founded in 1692 with the present church built ca. 1840, of Port Deposit granite. 9. TALBOT HISTORICAL SOCIET Y - Located in the heart of Easton’s historic district. Enjoy an evocative portrait of everyday life during earlier times when visiting the c. 18th and 19th century historic houses, all of which surround a Federal-style garden. For more info. tel: 410-822-0773 or visit Tharpe Antiques and Decorative Arts is now located at 25 S. Washington St. Consignments accepted by appointment, please call 410-820-7525. Proceeds support the Talbot Historical Society. 10. ODD FELLOWS LODGE - At the corner of Washington and Dover streets stands a building with secrets. It was constructed in 1879 as the meeting hall for the Odd Fellows. Carved into the stone and placed into the stained glass are images and symbols that have meaning only for members. See if you can find the dove, linked rings and other symbols. 11. TALBOT COUNTY COURTHOUSE - Long known as the “East Capital” of Maryland. The present building was completed in 1794 on the

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Easton Points of Interest site of the earlier one built in 1711. It has been remodeled several times. 11A. FREDERICK DOUGLASS STATUE - 11 N. Washington St. on the lawn of the Talbot County Courthouse. The statue honors Frederick Douglass in his birthplace, Talbot County, where the experiences in his youth ~ both positive and negative ~ helped form his character, intellect and determination. Also on the grounds is a memorial to the veterans who fought and died in the Vietnam War, and a monument “To the Talbot Boys,” commemorating the men from Talbot who fought for the Confederacy. The memorial for the Union soldiers was never built. 12. SHANNAHAN & WRIGHTSON HARDWARE BUILDING 12 N. Washington St. It is the oldest store in Easton. In 1791, Owen Kennard began work on a new brick building that changed hands several times throughout the years. Dates on the building show when additions were made in 1877, 1881 and 1889. The present front was completed in time for a grand opening on Dec. 7, 1941 - Pearl Harbor Day. 13. THE BRICK HOTEL - northwest corner of Washington and Federal streets. Built in 1812, it became the Eastern Shore’s leading hostelry. When court was in session, plaintiffs, defendants and lawyers

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all came to town and shared rooms in hotels such as this. Frederick Douglass stayed in the Brick Hotel when he came back after the Civil War and gave a speech in the courthouse. It is now an office building. 14. THOMAS PERRIN SMITH HOUSE - 119 N. Washington St. Built in 1803, it was the early home of the newspaper from which the Star-Democrat grew. In 1911, the building was acquired by the Chesapeake Bay Yacht Club, which occupies it today. 15. ART DECO STORES - 13-25 Goldsborough Street. Although much of Easton looks Colonial or Victorian, the 20th century had its influences as well. This row of stores has distinctive 1920s-era white trim at the roofline. It is rumored that there was a speakeasy here during Prohibition. 16. FIRST MASONIC GR AND LODGE - 23 N. Harrison Street. The records of Coats Lodge of Masons in Easton show that five Masonic Lodges met in Talbot Court House (as Easton was then called) on July 31, 1783 to form the first Grand Lodge of Masons in Maryland. Although the building where they first met is gone, a plaque marks the spot today. This completes your walking tour. 17. FOXLEY HALL - 24 N. Aurora St., Built about 1795, Foxley Hall is one of the best-known of Easton’s Federal dwellings. Former home of

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Easton Points of Interest Oswald Tilghman, great-grandson of Lt. Col. Tench Tilghman. (Private) 18. TRINITY EPISCOPAL CATHEDR AL - On “Cathedral Green,” Goldsborough St., a traditional Gothic design in granite. The interior is well worth a visit. All windows are stained glass, picturing New Testament scenes, and the altar cross of Greek type is unique. 19. INN AT 202 DOVER - Built in 1874, this Victorian-era mansion ref lects many architectural styles. For years the building was known as the Wrightson House, thanks to its early 20th century owner, Charles T. Wrightson, one of the founders of the S. & W. canned food empire. Locally it is still referred to as Captain’s Watch due to its prominent balustraded widow’s walk. The Inn’s renovation in 2006 was acknowledged by the Maryland Historic Trust and the U.S. Dept. of the Interior. 20. TALBOT COUNTY FREE LIBRARY - Housed in an attractively remodeled building on West Street, the hours of operation are Mon. and Thurs., 9 a.m. to 8 p.m., Tues. and Wed. 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. and Fri. and Sat., 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., except during the summer when it’s 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. on Saturday. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit www.tcf 21. MEMORIAL HOSPITAL AT EASTON - Established in the early


1900s, now one of the finest hospitals on the Eastern Shore. Memorial Hospital is part of the Shore Health System. 22. THIRD HAVEN MEETING HOUSE - Built in 1682 and the oldest frame building dedicated to religious meetings in America. The Meeting House was built at the headwaters of the Tred Avon: people came by boat to attend. William Penn preached there with Lord Baltimore present. Extensive renovations were completed in 1990. 23. TALBOT COMMUNITY CENTER - The year-round activities offered at the community center range from ice hockey to figure skating, aerobics and curling. The Center is also host to many events throughout the year, such as antique, craft, boating and sportsman shows. Near Easton 24. PICKERING CREEK - 400-acre farm and science education center featuring 100 acres of forest, a mile of shoreline, nature trails, low-ropes challenge course and canoe launch. Trails are open seven days a week from dawn till dusk. Canoes are free for members. For more info. tel: 410-822-4903 or visit 25. W YE GRIST MILL - The oldest working mill in Maryland (ca. 1682), the f lour-producing “grist” mill has been lovingly preserved by

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Easton Points of Interest The Friends of Wye Mill, and grinds f lour to this day using two massive grindstones powered by a 26 horsepower overshot waterwheel. For more info. visit 26. W YE ISL A ND NATUR AL RESOURCE MA NAGEMENT AREA - Located between the Wye River and the Wye East River, the area provides habitat for waterfowl and native wildlife. There are 6 miles of trails that provide opportunities for hiking, birding and wildlife viewing. For more info. visit 27. OLD WYE CHURCH - Old Wye Church is one of the oldest active Anglican Communion parishes in Talbot County. Wye Chapel was built between 1718 and 1721 and opened for worship on October 18, 1721. For more info. visit 28. WHITE MARSH CHURCH - The original structure was built before 1690. Early 18th century rector was the Reverend Daniel Maynadier. A later provincial rector (1764–1768), the Reverend Thomas Bacon, compiled “Bacon’s Laws,” authoritative compendium of Colonial Statutes. Robert Morris, Sr., father of Revolutionary financier is buried here.


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On the broad Miles River, with its picturesque tree-lined streets and beautiful harbor, St. Michaels has been a haven for boats plying the Chesapeake and its inlets since the earliest days. Here, some of the handsomest models of the Bay craft, such as canoes, bugeyes, pungys and some famous Baltimore Clippers, were designed and built. The Church, named “St. Michael’s,” was the first building erected (about 1677) and around it clustered the town that took its name. 1. WADES POINT INN - Located on a point of land overlooking majestic Chesapeake Bay, this historic inn has been welcoming guests for over 100 years. Thomas Kemp, builder of the original “Pride of Baltimore,” built the main house in 1819. For more info. visit 117

St. Michaels Points of Interest 2. HARBOURTOWNE GOLF RESORT - Bay View Restaurant and Duckblind Bar on the scenic Miles River with an 18 hole golf course. For more info. visit 3. MILES RIVER YACHT CLUB - Organized in 1920, the Miles River Yacht Club continues its dedication to boating on our waters and the protection of the heritage of log canoes, the oldest class of boat still sailing U. S. waters. The MRYC has been instrumental in preserving the log canoe and its rich history on the Chesapeake Bay. For more info. visit 4. THE INN AT PERRY CABIN - The original building was constructed in the early 19th century by Samuel Hambleton, a purser in the United States Navy during the War of 1812. It was named for his friend, Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry. Perry Cabin has served as a riding academy and was restored in 1980 as an inn and restaurant. For more info. visit 5. THE PARSONAGE INN - A bed and breakfast inn at 210 N. Talbot St., was built by Henry Clay Dodson, a prominent St. Michaels businessman and state legislator around 1883 as his private residence. In 1877, Dodson,


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St. Michaels Points of Interest along with Joseph White, established the St. Michaels Brick Company, which later provided the brick for the house. For more info. visit www. 6. FREDERICK DOUGLASS HISTORIC MARKER - Born at Tuckahoe Creek, Talbot County, Douglass lived as a slave in the St. Michaels area from 1833 to 1836. He taught himself to read and taught in clandestine schools for blacks here. He escaped to the north and became a noted abolitionist, orator and editor. He returned in 1877 as a U.S. Marshal for the District of Columbia and also served as the D.C. Recorder of Deeds and the U.S. Minister to Haiti. 7. CHESAPEAKE BAY MARITIME MUSEUM - Founded in 1965, the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum is dedicated to preserving the rich heritage of the hemisphere’s largest and most productive estuary - the Chesapeake Bay. Located on 18 waterfront acres, its nine exhibit buildings and floating fleet bring to life the story of the Bay and its inhabitants, from the fully restored 1879 Hooper Strait lighthouse and working boatyard to the impressive collection of working decoys and a recreated waterman’s shanty. Home to the world’s largest collection of Bay boats, the Museum regularly



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St. Michaels Points of Interest hosts temporary exhibitions, special events, festivals, and education programs. Docking and pump-out facilities available. Exhibitions and Museum Store open year-round. Up-to-date information and hours can be found on the Museum’s website at or by calling 410-745-2916. 8. THE CRAB CLAW - Restaurant adjoining the Maritime Museum and overlooking St. Michaels harbor. Open March-November. 410-7452900 or 9. PATRIOT - During the season (April-November) the 65’ cruise boat can carry 150 persons, runs daily historic narrated cruises along the Miles River. For daily cruise times, visit or call 410-745-3100. 10. THE FOOTBRIDGE - Built on the site of many earlier bridges, today’s bridge joins Navy Point to Cherry Street. It has been variously known as “Honeymoon Bridge” and “Sweetheart Bridge.” It is the only remaining bridge of three that at one time connected the town with outlying areas around the harbor. 11. VICTORIANA INN - The Victoriana Inn is located in the Historic District of St. Michaels. The home was built in 1873 by Dr. Clay Dodson,

Open 7 Days 122

a druggist, and occupied as his private residence and office. In 1910 the property, then known as “Willow Cottage,” underwent alterations when acquired by the Shannahan family who continued it as a private residence for over 75 years. As a bed and breakfast, circa 1988, major renovations took place, preserving the historic character of the gracious Victorian era. For more info. visit 12. HAMBLETON INN - On the harbor. Historic waterfront home built in 1860 and restored as a bed and breakfast in 1985 with a turn-ofthe-century atmosphere. For more info. visit 13. SNUGGERY B&B - Oldest residence in St. Michaels, c. 1665. The structure incorporates the remains of a log home that was originally built on the beach and later moved to its present location. 14. LOCUST STREET - A stroll down Locust Street is a look into the past of St. Michaels. The Haddaway House at 103 Locust St. was built by Thomas L. Haddaway in the late 1700s. Haddaway owned and operated the shipyard at the foot of the street. Wickersham, at 203 Locust Street, was built in 1750 and was moved to its present location in 2004. It is known for its glazed brickwork. Hell’s Crossing is the intersection of Locust and Carpenter streets and is so-named because in the late 1700’s, the town was described as a rowdy one, in keeping with a port town where sailors


St. Michaels Points of Interest would come for a little excitement. They found it in town, where there were saloons and working-class townsfolk ready to do business with them. Fights were common especially in an area of town called Hells Crossing. At the end of Locust Street is Muskrat Park. It provides a grassy spot on the harbor for free summer concerts and is home to the two cannons that are replicas of the ones given to the town by Jacob Gibson in 1813 and confiscated by Federal troops at the beginning of the Civil War. 15. FREEDOMS FRIEND LODGE - Chartered in 1867 and constructed in 1883, the Freedoms Friend Lodge is the oldest lodge existing in Maryland and is a prominent historic site for our Black community. It is now the site of Blue Crab Coffee Company. 16. TALBOT COUNTY FREE LIBRARY - St. Michaels Branch is located at 106 S. Fremont Street. For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit 17. CARPENTER STREET SALOON - Life in the Colonial community revolved around the tavern. The traveler could, of course, obtain food, drink, lodging or even a fresh horse to speed his journey. This tavern was built in 1874 and has served the community as a bank, a newspaper

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St. Michaels Points of Interest office, post office and telephone company. For more info. visit www. 18. TWO SWAN INN - The Two Swan Inn on the harbor served as the former site of the Miles River Yacht Club, was built in the 1800s and was renovated in 1984. It is located at the foot of Carpenter Street. For more info. visit 19. TARR HOUSE - Built by Edward Elliott as his plantation home about 1661. It was Elliott and an indentured servant, Darby Coghorn, who built the first church in St. Michaels. This was about 1677, on the site of the present Episcopal Church (6 Willow Street, near Locust). 20. CHRIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH - 301 S. Talbot St. Built of Port Deposit stone, the present church was erected in 1878. The first is believed to have been built in 1677 by Edward Elliott. For more info. tel: 410-745-9076. 21. THE OLD BRICK INN - Built in 1817 by Wrightson Jones, who opened and operated the shipyard at Beverly on Broad Creek. (Talbot St. at Mulberry). For more info. visit 22. THE CANNONBALL HOUSE - When St. Michaels was shelled by the British in a night attack in 1813, the town was “blacked out” and

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St. Michaels Points of Interest lanterns were hung in the trees to lead the attackers to believe the town was on a high bluff. The houses were overshot. The story is that a cannonball hit the chimney of “Cannonball House” and rolled down the stairway. This “blackout” was believed to be the first such “blackout” in the history of warfare. 23. AMELIA WELBY HOUSE - Amelia Coppuck, who became Amelia Welby, was born in this house and wrote poems that won her fame and the praise of Edgar Allan Poe. 24. TOWN DOCK RESTAURANT - During 1813, at the time of the Battle of St. Michaels, it was known as “Dawson’s Wharf” and had 2 cannons on carriages donated by Jacob Gibson, which fired 10 of the 15 rounds directed at the British. For a period up to the early 1950s it was called “The Longfellow Inn.” It was rebuilt in 1977 after burning to the ground. For more info. visit 25. ST. MICHAELS MUSEUM at ST. MARY’S SQUARE - Located in the heart of the historic district, offers a unique view of 19th century life in St. Michaels. The exhibits are housed in three period buildings and contain local furniture and artifacts donated by residents. The museum is

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St. Michaels Points of Interest supported entirely through community efforts. For more info. tel: 410745-9561 or 26. KEMP HOUSE - Now a country inn. A Georgian style house, constructed in 1805 by Colonel Joseph Kemp, a revolutionary soldier and hero of the War of 1812. For more info. visit 27. THE OLD MILL COMPLEX - The Old Mill was a functioning flour mill from the late 1800s until the 1970s, producing flour used primarily for Maryland beaten biscuits. Today it is home to a brewery, distillery, artists, furniture makers, and other unique shops and businesses. 28. ST. MICHAELS HARBOUR INN, MARINA & SPA - Constructed in 1986 and recently renovated. For more info. visit 29. ST. MICHAELS NATURE TRAIL - The St. Michaels Nature Trail is a 1.3 mile paved walkway that winds around the western side of St. Michaels starting at a dedicated parking lot on S. Talbot St. across from the Bay Hundred swimming pool. The path cuts through the woods, San Domingo Park, over a covered bridge and past a historic cemetery before ending in Bradley Park. The trail is open all year from dawn to dusk.




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Oxford Points of Interest Oxford is one of the oldest towns in Maryland. Although already settled for perhaps 20 years, Oxford marks the year 1683 as its official founding, for in that year Oxford was first named by the Maryland General Assembly as a seaport and was laid out as a town. In 1694, Oxford and a new town called Anne Arundel (now Annapolis) were selected the only ports of entry for the entire Maryland province. Until the American Revolution, Oxford enjoyed prominence as an international shipping center surrounded by wealthy tobacco plantations. Today, Oxford is a charming tree-lined and waterbound village with a population of just over 700 and is still important in boat building and yachting. It has a protected harbor for watermen who harvest oysters, crabs, clams and fish, and for sailors from all over the Bay. 1. TENCH TILGHMAN MONUMENT - In the Oxford Cemetery the Revolutionary War hero’s body lies along with that of his widow. Lt. Col. Tench Tilghman carried the message of Cornwallis’ surrender from Yorktown, VA, to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia. Across the cove from the

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Oxford Points of Interest cemetery may be seen Plimhimmon, home of Tench Tilghman’s widow, Anna Marie Tilghman. 2. THE OXFORD COMMUNITY CENTER - This former, pillared brick schoolhouse was saved from the wrecking ball by the town residents. Now it is a gathering place for meetings, classes, lectures, and performances by the Tred Avon Players and has been recently renovated. Rentals available to groups and individuals. 410-226-5904 or 3. THE COOPERATIVE OXFORD LABORATORY - U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and Maryland Department of Natural Resources located here. 410-226-5193 or 3A. U.S. COAST GUARD STATION - 410-226-0580. 4. CHURCH OF THE HOLY TRINITY - Founded in 1851. Designed by esteemed British architect Richard Upton, co-founder of the American Institute of Architects. It features beautiful stained glass windows by the acclaimed Willet Studios of Philadelphia. 5. OXFORD TOWN PARK - Former site of the Oxford High School.

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Circa 1860 brick waterfront home with sunset views of the Tred Avon River in Oxford’s Historic District. Main house has 5 BR and 4.5 BA, high ceilings, 7 fireplaces, brick garden room and lovely water side patio. Rip rapped shoreline with 125’ pier. Separate guest apartment with living room, kitchen, 2 BR, 3 full BA and loft. $1,450,000.

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Oxford Points of Interest Recent restoration of the beach as part of a “living shoreline project” created 2 terraced sitting walls, a protective groin and a sandy beach with native grasses which will stop further erosion and provide valuable aquatic habitat. A similar project has been completed adjacent to the ferry dock. A kayak launch site has also been located near the ferry dock. 6. OXFORD MUSEUM - Morris & Market Sts. Devoted to the preservation of artifacts and memories of Oxford, MD. Admission is free; donations gratefully accepted. For more info. and hours tel: 410-226-0191 or visit 7. OXFORD LIBRARY - 101 Market St. Founded in 1939 and on its present site since 1950. Hours are Mon.-Sat., 10-4. 8. BRATT MANSION (ACADEMY HOUSE) - 205 N. Morris St. Served as quarters for officers of the Maryland Military Academy. Built about 1848. (Private residence) 9. BARNABY HOUSE - 212 N. Morris St. Built in 1770 by sea captain Richard Barnaby, this charming house contains original pine woodwork, corner fireplaces and an unusually lovely handmade staircase. Listed on Tidewater Residential Designs since 1989


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Oxford Points of Interest the National Register of Historic Places. (Private residence) 10. THE GRAPEVINE HOUSE - 309 N. Morris St. The grapevine over the entrance arbor was brought from the Isle of Jersey in 1810 by Captain William Willis, who commanded the brig “Sarah and Louisa.” (Private residence) 11. THE ROBERT MORRIS INN - N. Morris St. & The Strand. Robert Morris was the father of Robert Morris, Jr., the “financier of the Revolution.” Built about 1710, part of the original house with a beautiful staircase is contained in the beautifully restored Inn, now open 7 days a week. Robert Morris, Jr. was one of only 2 Founding Fathers to sign the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution. 410-226-5111 or 12. THE OXFORD CUSTOM HOUSE - N. Morris St. & The Strand. Built in 1976 as Oxford’s official Bicentennial project. It is a replica of the first Federal Custom House built by Jeremiah Banning, who was the first Federal Collector of Customs appointed by George Washington. 13. TRED AVON YACHT CLUB - N. Morris St. & The Strand. Founded in

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Oxford Points of Interest 1931. The present building, completed in 1991, replaced the original structure. 14. OXFORD-BELLEVUE FERRY - N. Morris St. & The Strand. Started in 1683, this is believed to be the oldest privately operated ferry in the United States. Its first keeper was Richard Royston, whom the Talbot County Court “pitcht upon” to run a ferry at an unusual subsidy of 2,500 pounds of tobacco. Service has been continuous since 1836, with power supplied by sail, sculling, rowing, steam, and modern diesel engine. Many now take the ride between Oxford and Bellevue for the scenic beauty. 15. BYEBERRY - On the grounds of Cutts & Case Boatyard. It faces Town Creek and is one of the oldest houses in the area. The date of construction is unknown, but it was standing in 1695. Originally, it was in the main business section but was moved to the present location about 1930. (Private residence) 16. CUTTS & CASE - 306 Tilghman St. World-renowned boatyard for classic yacht design, wooden boat construction and restoration using composite structures. Some have described Cutts & Case Shipyard as an American Nautical Treasure because it produces to the highest standards quality work equal to and in many ways surpassing the beautiful artisanship of former times.

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Tilghman’s Island “Great Choptank Island” was granted to Seth Foster in 1659. Thereafter it was known as Foster’s Island, and remained so through a succession of owners until Matthew Tilghman of Claiborne inherited it in 1741. He and his heirs owned the island for over a century and it has been Tilghman’s Island ever since, though the northern village and the island’s postal designation are simply “Tilghman.” For its first 175 years, the island was a family farm, supplying grains, vegetables, fruit, cattle, pigs and timber. Although the owners rarely were in residence, many slaves were: an 1817 inventory listed 104. The last Tilghman owner, General Tench Tilghman (not Washington’s aide-de-camp), removed the slaves in the 1830s and began selling off lots. In 1849, he sold his remaining interests to James Seth, who continued the development. The island’s central location in the middle Bay is ideally suited for watermen harvesting the Bay in all seasons. The years before the Civil War saw the influx of the first families we know today. A second wave arrived after the War, attracted by the advent of oyster dredging in the 1870s. Hundreds of dredgers and tongers operated out of Tilghman’s Island, their catches sent to the cities by schooners. Boat building, too, was an important industry. The boom continued into the 1890s, spurred by the arrival of steamboat service, which opened vast new markets for Bay seafood. Islanders quickly capitalized on the opportunity as several seafood buyers set up shucking and canning operations on pilings at the edge of the shoal of Dogwood Cove. The discarded oyster shells eventually became an island with seafood packing houses, hundreds of workers, a store, and even a post office. The steamboats also brought visitors who came to hunt, fish, relax and escape the summer heat of the cities. Some families stayed all summer in one of the guest houses that sprang up in the villages of Tilghman, Avalon, Fairbank and Bar Neck. Although known for their independence, Tilghman’s Islanders enjoy showing visitors how to pick a crab, shuck an oyster or find a good fishing spot. In the twentieth century, Islanders pursued these vocations in farming, on the water, and in the thriving seafood processing industry. The “Tilghman Brand” was known throughout the eastern United States, but as the Bay’s bounty diminished, so did the number of water-related jobs. Still, three of the few remaining Bay skipjacks (sailing dredgeboats) can be seen here, as well as two working harbors with scores of power workboats. 143




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The Preventorium by Gary D. Crawford

Tuberculosis is an ancient disease. Traces of TB have been found in mummies dating back 6,000 years. Known by a variety of names, such as phthisis and scrofula, in the English-speaking world the disease came to be called “consumption” because the body appears to be progressively consumed by it. The emaciation, death-like pallor, and draining of energy also gave rise to the terms “the wasting disease” or “the White Plague.” Literary references to TB abound. Shakespeare said “‘T’ is called the evil” and described sufferers as “all swol’n and ulcerous, pitiful to the eye.” No one then knew what caused the disease or how to combat it. It was most prevalent where living conditions were crowded and squalid, which caused it to be associated with poverty and slums. But anyone could get it, and a very great many did. Any widespread disease naturally provokes fear. The essential questions are whether it is contagious and, if so, how is it transmitted. The answers provoke various responses to the disease, some helpful, some not. One aspect of TB that makes it so puzzling is its “latency.” Persons may be infected with TB for years with virtually no symptoms and

without passing the disease on to others. Moreover, only about one in ten with latent TB will develop active TB ~ but those who do will suffer terribly and, if untreated, half of them will perish. The incidence of tuberculosis grew progressively during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, displacing leprosy, peaking between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries as field workers moved to the cities looking for work. In the metropolis of London, 1 in 7 died from consumption at the dawn


The Preventorium of the eighteenth century. By 1750 that proportion grew to 1 in 5.25 and surged to 1 in 4.2 by around the start of the nineteenth century. The Industrial Revolution, coupled with poverty and squalor, created the optimal environment for the propagation of the disease. As early as 1720, it was suggested that “animalcules” (germs) were involved, rather than vapors or humors, or bites, or family traits. Still, it was unclear what to do about it. The latency problem posed a sort of conjuror’s trick, for the transmission often happened when you weren’t looking. Children contracted the disease from parents with active TB, and some of them died of it. But many did not; they lived without symptoms until their 20s. But then, mysteriously (because by then their circumstances were much changed), they contracted active TB and died in vast numbers. To some, this pattern suggested the possibility of a “golden period” ~ from about 5 to 15 years of age ~ when children were nearly immune to TB. During the nineteenth century tuberculosis came to be seen by the upper classes and the literati as a “romantic disease.” Poets called it the mal du siècle, believing it produced a state of great sensitivity and enlightenment. Some young, upper-class women purposefully

paled their skin with bleach to achieve the consumptive appearance. British poet Lord Byron even wrote, “I should like to die from consumption.” It became the disease of artists. By 1900, of every 100,000 Americans nearly 200 were dying annually of TB, versus other major causes: cancer, 64; heart, 345; and flu, 202. (Motor vehicle deaths were nil in 1900, but surpassed TB by 1950!) But what could be done about it? TB was much more common in the cities than in rural areas; it was several times more prevalent among blacks than among whites; sufferers who went to sea or moved out west often found relief. It seemed to be linked to crowding, nutrition, sanitation, and weather. After 1869, we knew it was contagious; in 1882, Robert Koch demonstrated it was caused by some infectious agent; in 1895, the X-ray allowed physicians to track the progress of the disease. Still, in 1908 more than 150,000 people died of TB in the U.S. The practice of placing people with diseases or other such difficulties in institutions has a long tradition in Western Europe and now America. Lepers were confined to colonies known as leprosariums. Children without parents were sent to orphanages; those with mental disabilities were placed in mental institutions; hospitals and homes for



The Preventorium the elderly could be found everywhere. But what to do about tuberculosis? The efficacy of outdoor air as a response to the TB threat did not go unnoticed, and on April 28, 1911, a new kind of institution was established in Farmingdale, NJ. The “Tuberculosis Preventorium” became the first of many across the U.S., and its name reveals how TB was understood at the time, for these were not treatment centers. With no vaccine and no treatment, the only possible response was avoidance. Don’t get infected. Build up your strength to resist the disease. The key is prevention. Just two years later, in 1913, a new non-sectarian charity was formed on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. It was called the Claiborne Fresh

Air Association, Inc. Regrettably I have yet to discover the names of its founders, but the Association’s aim was straightforward. They provided city children who had been exposed to TB with the only “medicine” then available ~ fresh air, exercise, sunshine, and lots of wholesome food. Each year, several hundred children were selected (one wonders how, exactly) for a ten-week summer vacation on the shore of the Chesapeake Bay. From the photograph below (from the archives of The Baltimore Sun) the children appear to have been between 8 and 12 years old. The Preventorium was located in the village of Claiborne in Talbot County and came to be known as the “Miracle House.” It was situated on seven picturesque acres, with shade and sun and its own beach. The facil-



The Preventorium ity grew over the years, eventually having a very impressive main building. One photo shows at the peak of the roof the double-barred “cross of Lorraine,” adopted as the symbol for the crusade against tuberculosis when the American Lung Association was formed in 1909. Not much has turned up about the operation of the Claiborne Fresh Air Association. In 1914, they requested $1,000 from the Maryland General Assembly for maintenance of their activities, just one of many private institutions seeking state support. Their request was reviewed by the Board of State Aid and Charities, a body created in 1900 by the General

Assembly to make recommendations about such requests. At the time, Maryland provided financial assistance to a wide range of private institutions, second in number only to Pennsylvania; the Board was seen as a way to rein in the spending. The Board’s biennial report for 1914-15 listed the assets of the Claiborne Fresh Air Association as being $5,000 in real estate and $1,075 in equipment; they also had a $2,500 mortgage. About the Society’s request for funding, the Board wrote as follows: “This is a small institution for giving summer vacations to children, frequently with their mothers, who are in need of the same. It was open last year for 10 weeks; had an average

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The Preventorium population of 48 and gave an outing to 321 persons. It is supported largely by the Eastern Shore contributions and is the result of the work of a group of women on the Eastern Shore who have become intensely interested in this problem. “While this institution is doing a very lovely work, the board does not feel that the State should pick out some two or three hundred children and give them a free vacation. It applies for $1000 for each of the next two years [1916-17]. We therefore recommend that this appropriation be not allowed.” The Board noted in its transmittal letter, however, that the General Assembly generally ignored their recommendations. It appears they did so

again, for the 1916 appropriation shows $1,000 for the Claiborne Fresh Air Association. In 1919, the Maryland Tubercular Association (MTA) bought the property with funding from the sale of Christmas Seals. The original cottage (with accommodations for ten) was expanded to a full campus with an infirmary, kitchen, dining hall, and play areas for 200 children. The MTA operated the Miracle House for twenty-five years, providing the ten-week stay without charge to the children’s families. Curiously, one structure on the property had Hollywood roots, as Jim Dawson explained in When Hollywood Came to St. Michaels [Tidewater Times, November 2013]. The film company making the Gary Cooper-Fay Wray movie The First Kiss built a cabin that they later donated to the Preventorium. How were the children treated? By all accounts the staff was diligent, kind, and dedicated. Still, one must wonder how the children reacted to being bundled aboard a steamboat in Baltimore for a cruise across the Chesapeake to the Claiborne landing. In later years, the steamboat dropped them off at Love Point on Kent Island and they came the rest of the way by road. For many, this two-hour voyage to Claiborne would have been their first time away from home. We can imagine some lateevening tears of homesickness. Happily, though, this was no


bleak Dickensian orphanage or dreary hospital to which they were consigned. The Miracle House was bright and sunny, the scenery spectacular, and the Bay, as always, magnificent. In this photo we can see the railing around the huge deck aloft on the Bay side and what appears to be nap-time in the sun.


Best of all, the staff were dedicated to their belief that they could help these kids avoid TB. One of the last of the counselors, who worked there for 15 summers, was Mrs. Mindelle Moon. In a 1962 article for The Baltimore Sun, she explained that tennis shoes and bathing shoes were all that the children had to bring to the Miracle House. As soon as they arrived in June, children were fitted with brown khaki shorts, their uniform for the summer. “Shorts were the only ‘costume’ worn by the children,” wrote Moon, “and by the end of the summer each child not only had a beautiful tan but had gained so much weight that larger shorts were needed.” The food was wholesome and

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The Preventorium

there was plenty of it, prepared (it is said) by residents of Claiborne and Tilghman. Weight gain was a key objective of the Preventorium, and a doctor came out from Easton every Friday to weigh and measure each child. “The children were delighted when the scales showed a gain,” wrote Mrs. Moon. “The average gain of about 4 pounds per child per month was far above normal. Sunday was visiting day, and the parents were always pleased at the appearance of the children and enjoyed hearing of their activities.” A report that appeared in The Transcript (Chestertown, MD) on September 13, 1930 was entitled “Kent Health.” It read: “A child brought home from the Claiborne Preventorium showed a gain of five pounds within the month. This state service for tuberculosis contacts is proving invaluable.” Another local paper, the Cecil County Star (Elkton, MD), carried this article on Thursday, December

17, 1936: “Among the outstanding health contributions of the Christmas seals to the State of Maryland is the Miracle House at Claiborne. Here each year, hundreds of sickly and undernourished children are won back to health and put on the road to clean living and good habits. Aside from the great work at the Claiborne Preventorium, proceeds from the sale of the seals also go to chest clinics, health education, medical research and industrial work, and all join most heroically in the battle against the Great White Plague.” So, besides eating, what did the kids do all day? According to Mrs. Moon, the children’s schedules revolved around fresh air and exercise. They rose at 7:30 a.m. and went right to breakfast. Then, after a flag-raising ceremony on the front lawn, they trooped back inside to make their beds. Mrs. Moon explained that “next came organized games, handicrafts and a ‘Sing Song’ period.” They then had a rest on the lawn, with story-telling, until lunch-


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The Preventorium

time. After lunch was an afternoon nap followed by a swim in the Bay. They then showered and went to supper at 5 p.m. There was a short play period after supper, a flag-lowering ceremony, and more story-telling until they went to bed at 8 p.m. There were also periods of sunbathing on the broad deck overlooking the Bay. The children were supervised by 10 counselors and a registered nurse. Their regime is summed up in the “Preventorium Cheer.” Meanwhile medical research continued. A TB vaccine had been developed in France in the 1920s, though it wasn’t used much in the U.S. until WWII. With vaccines finally providing a way to slow the

spread of the disease, the need for TB preventoriums diminished. In 1944, the MTA decided to close the Miracle House. By 1956, about half of America’s schoolchildren had been vaccinated, but an effective treatment for the disease eluded researchers until the development of streptomycin and the first oral mycobactericidal drug (isonizaid) became available in 1952. Hopes that TB would be completely eliminated were dashed in the 1980s, however, when drug-resistant strains of TB began to emerge. It has much to do with immune systems and research continues. What happened to the Miracle House? The MTA sold the property in 1947 and at some point in the 1950s, the Miracle House burned to the ground, together with most of its outbuildings. The road that led to it, Miracle House Circle, still exists, but today only two structures survive. One, a building from the 1920s, has been converted by the owners into a home they call, fittingly enough, “Miracle House.” Also, in the distance, the old 1912 schoolhouse can be seen, resting quietly alone beneath the sheltering trees. Gary Crawford and his wife, Susan, operate Crawfords Nautical Books, a unique bookstore on Tilghman’s Island.


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Banners Make You Look Up! by Jason Wilford

W he t her you’ve s t r ol le d t he streets of Easton on a muggy July morning, a crisp autumn evening, or a ny pa r t of a d re a r y w i nter Monday, perhaps you’ve passed by a downtown lamppost with a placard at eye level, commanding you to “Look Up.” If you heeded the call of the placard, you would have noticed an original, one-of-a-kind piece of banner art hanging from the lamppost, created by a local artist. There are 88 of these banners around town, painting Easton as a place where the arts have come to thrive. These banners, hanging on 44 lampposts in dow ntow n Easton and created by 44 loc a l ar t ists ~ ranging from art teachers and honor s a r t s t udent s to ga l ler y owners and professional artists ~ represent the hundreds of creative

a nd t a lented a r t ist s who ma ke Easton and Talbot Count y such a v i br a nt a r t s de s t i n at ion for collectors and artists alike. The banners are par t of the A r ts in Easton Banner Program and the work of the Avalon Foundation, the largest non-profit arts organization on Maryland’s Eastern Shore. Each year, 44 artists with ties to Talbot County are selected by the Avalon Foundat ion a nd issued a bla nk ba n ner a s t hei r c a nv a s. W hen completed and treated for weather resistance, the banners are hung on downtown Easton’s lampposts in mid-June and remain until the following spring. After they are taken down, the ba n ner s a re sent to auc t ion i n a lively event that is free to the public, complete with live music and complimentary beer, wine and hors

Banner Auction at the Waterfowl Festival Building in Easton. 159

Banners Make You Look Up d’oeuvres, held at the Waterfowl Fe st iva l bu i ld i ng i n dow ntow n Easton. The Arts in Easton Banner Program was created in 2002 by then-Easton Director of Economic D e v e lopme nt a nd no w Av a lon Foundation Executive Director Al Bond, who was searching for a way to capture the town’s artistic vibe and to reward the multitude of artists in the area. “Great ar ts communities only happen when artists can make a living, and each year the banners repre sent a moment i n t i me, a snapshot celebrating the local arts communit y and the ar tists who reside here,” says Bond.

The Old Langdaff Farmhouse by Patty Fisher Or perhaps you are someone who hasn’t noticed these banners throughout downtown Easton, or you’ve given a glance but not much more. Just wait until late April when they are taken down. You will notice an emptiness about the streets, like

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something is missing but you can’t quite put your finger on what it is. This is when the banners are removed from the lampposts to be separated, cleaned and sent to auction, where you will have the chance to bid on a piece of Easton’s history, to take home a piece of the Easton arts scene that has captured the town over the past year. Jessica Rogers, General Manager of the Avalon Foundation, likes to think of the Banner Auction as a block party of sorts for the local arts scene. “These banners have been decorating our streets over the past 10 or so months. Think of all the visitors and tourists you’ve seen around town in that time who have complimented you on what a pretty town you live

in. The Banner Auction is a time for local residents to celebrate their local artists, and to reward them by taking home a part of Easton’s history.” The May 16 Banner Auction marks the program’s 14th year. The auction will take place in the Waterfowl Festival building in Easton from 7 to 9 p.m. Preview hours will be May 15 from 6 to 8 p.m and noon to 3 p.m. on the 16th. After the first $100, which pays for the program’s costs, artists receive 75% of any additional proceeds. Silent bidding opens at $150 per banner, and banners with more than 10 bids at the close of the silent auction move to live auction. For more info. or to bid online, visit

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Chesapeake Chamber Music Enchanting Audiences for 30 Years by Amy Blades Steward

In 1985, a dedicated group of chamber music lovers on Maryland’s Eastern Shore was approached by the late Ralph Bloom to establish what was initially called the Eastern Shore Chamber Music Fest iva l. A ssisted that year by J. Law r ie Blo om , A r t i s t i c D i r e c t or, a nd Donald Buxton, the organization’s first Executive Director, the Festival has continued to blossom over the past 30 years. Ralph Bloom, Lawrie’s father, had retired to St. Michaels from Pr inceton, NJ. L aw r ie had just begun his career as a clarinetist with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. L aw r ie rec a l ls, “My fat her a nd I explored the idea with several residents in St. Michaels who had an appreciation for chamber music. After determining that there was significant interest here, I contacted my friend, cellist Marcy Rosen, who was a founding member of the Mendelssohn String Quartet, and invited a few musicians from the quartet to come play with me. That first year, we did one public concert and one private concert, to fundraise for the next year’s event.” He adds, “My initial interest in

Ralph Bloom establishing this Festival was to find a way to visit my parents in this lovely location and get to perform as well.” It was during the first year of the Festival that Bloom realized he needed help to put on the Festival the following year, and he invited Marcy Rosen to ser ve w ith him as Artistic Director. The two had initially met at a music festival in Pennsylvania in 1972 and had


Chamber Music Festival remained longtime friends. Marcy comments, “As artistic directors, Lawrie and I have a very compatible relationship with similar taste and standards in the musicians with whom we like to play. We also bring different ideas to the repertoire to keep things fresh.” M a r c y h a s b e e n honor e d t o collaborate with the world’s finest musicians, including Leon Fleisher, R icha rd G oode, A nd rá s Schif f, Mitsuko Uchida, Peter Serkin, and Isaac Stern, among many others. She is a founding member of the ensemble La Fenice and is Professor of Cello at the Aaron Copland School of Music, Queens College, and she serves on the faculty at the Mannes

C ol le ge of Mu s ic , Ne w S c ho ol University. Lawrie is a member of the clarinet section of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. He is a senior lecturer in clarinet at Bienen School of Music ~ Northwestern University, wher e he te ac he s c l a r i ne t a nd chamber music. Since 1985, the Festival has grown to a two-week event in early June, including 13 concerts, recitals and open rehearsals in venues ranging from concer t halls to churches, museums and waterfront estates. In 1997, the Festival established the concept of a satellite concert outside its base in Talbot County. Satellite concerts have been held in Chestertown, Queenstown and, more recently, Centreville. Lawrie recalls the two rules he

Don Buxton, Executive Director of Chesapeake Chamber Music, with the CCM Festival’s Artistic Directors, Marcy Rosen and J. Lawrie Bloom. 164

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Chamber Music Festival and Marcy established early on for inviting musicians to attend. He quips, “First and foremost, they had to be excellent musicians. Secondly, they had to want to spend an entire week together playing music and socializing ~ we all had to be able to get along.” Executive Director Don Buxton, a Julliard graduate and current director of the Dover Symphony, had a vision to expand the organization. In 2002, they included the Chesapeake Chamber Music Compet it ion (a brain child of board member Arnie Lerman), a competition for young emerging chamber music e n s emble s . I n 20 0 4 , t he f i r s t

b i e n n i a l C o mp e t i t i o n b e c a m e international in scope, draw ing from international conservatories. T he f i r s t i nter nat iona l w i n ner was The Dav id Tr io f rom Ita ly. Since then, the Competition has cont inued to draw ar t ists f rom around the globe. Concer ts bet ween the annual Festivals joined the programming mix in 2004, and an annual Spring Concer t and Gala was added in 2005 for the organization’s growing au d i e n c e . T h e G a l a h a s s i n c e become a premier event on t he Eastern Shore. Executive Director Don Buxton comments, “The event originally was a tool, outside of the organization’s annual appeal, a nd has enla rged bot h suppor t

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Chamber Music Festival

Merideth Buxton, director for First Strings, teaching third and fourth graders at St. Michaels Elementary School how to play the violin. and attendees over the years. It continues to be the organization’s main fundraiser.” In 2006, the organization was approached by musician Merideth Buxton, Don’s wife, presented the concept of an outreach program, now i n s t it ut ion a l i z e d a s F i r s t Strings. The short-term goals of the First Strings Program are to help elementary school students in third or fourth grade to improve listening, gain self-confidence in performing, use teamwork to exhibit cooperation and self-control, and to have fun while learning the skills needed to play the violin. The initiative has grown significantly, reaching 1,000 children annually in almost all of the elementary schools in Dorchester and Talbot counties. The program also offers YouthReach concerts

featuring world-class musicians demonstrating and discussing their instruments with young musicians. Merideth, now director of First Strings, adds, “The long-term goal of First Strings and the YouthReach concerts is to awaken young people’s interest in, and ultimately love for, the classical music art form.” In Ju ly 2008, E a ster n Shore Chamber Music Festival became Chesapeake Chamber Music, Inc., to better ref lect the organization’s ge og r aph ic lo c at ion a nd sc op e near the Chesapeake Bay. During this year, Executive Director Don Buxton attended Chamber Music America’s annual meeting in New York Cit y, where ja zz had been a reg ular par t of t he of fer ings. According to Don, “Chamber music is ‘one of a part,’ and small intimate combinat ions of inst r uments ~ jazz combos ~ follow the same set of rules.” After discussing the idea among board members of introducing jazz to the organization’s reper tor y, then-President of the Chesapeake Chamber Music board, Rush Moody, approached local jazz aficionado Al Sikes to organize and develop a jazz festival. The following year, in 2009, Chesapeake Chamber Music offered a single concert featuring the renowned jazz pianist Monty Alexander and his trio to test the waters. Since then, that one concert has grown into the Monty Alexander Jazz Festival, featuring seven jazz


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Chamber Music Festival

Organizers of the Monty Alexander Jazz Festival: Al Sikes, Festival Chairman; legendary jazz pianist Monty Alexander, Festival Artistic Director; and Don Buxton, the Executive Director of Chesapeake Chamber Music. events over Labor Day weekend each year and drawing enthusiastic audiences f rom t hroughout t he entire region. R u n n i ng s uc h a n a mbit iou s music program over the years with only a part-time staff can have its challenges. According to Don, “It takes a village to run an organization this large ~ in particular a volunteer cadre of 150 people. In addition, I rely on a dedicated board of 19 members with diverse professional backgrounds, who bring energy, talent and treasure to the organization.” Volunteers arrange for housing and meals, rehearsal space, and logistics for the artists coming to the Chesapeake Chamber Music Festival each June, as well

as for the Biennial Chamber Music Competition, and also organize and promote the Monty Alexander Jazz Festival. The 2014-2015 season mark s C h e s a p e a k e C h a m b e r Mu s i c ’s 30th year of br inging worldclass chamber music and jazz to a growing audience of young and old on the Eastern Shore and beyond, while exporting something of the Chesapeake’s uniqueness to the musicians worldwide who take part in the festivals, Competition and interlude events. D on c onclude s, “Che sap e a ke Chamber Music is a much broader organization today because it has c ont i nue d to g r ow a nd e vol ve strategically while stay ing committed to enriching the musical life of the Chesapeake region by delighting today’s audiences and developing tomorrow’s.” G e n e r o u s f i n a n c i a l s up p o r t from corporate, public and private benefactors enables Chesapeake Chamber Music to offer affordable t ic ke t s for Fe s t iv a l c onc er t s a n d r e c i t a l s; o p e n r e h e a r s a l s a r e f r e e to t he gener a l publ ic . For f u r t her i n for mat ion on C h e s a p e a k e C h a m b e r Mu s i c ’s 30th Chesapeake Chamber Music Festival (June 7 to 21, 2015) or the Mont y A lex a nder Ja z z Fe st iva l (S eptemb er 5 to 7, 201 5), v i sit or call 410-819-0380.


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Tidewater Review by Anne Stinson

The Paradise Tree by Elena Maria Vidal. May Apple Books, St. Michaels, Mar yland. 235 pp. $13.09. Here’s a stor y about an Ir ish family that emigrated f rom the auld sod to Canada in the early 18 0 0 s , r o s e f r om p o ve r t y a nd scarce education to prosperity and keen intelligence, and left a host of family members to cherish the memory of their brave forebears. Elena Vidal, the author, is one of the direct descendants of the O’Connor clan. She’s also a keen historian for the family and its long settlement in the New World. After a stretch of some 200 years, Vidal has brought the Irish Catholic family to life again. She makes no claim that her story is an accurate account of the daily lives of the O’Connors, only that it is “historic fiction.” However it’s labeled, it’s as Irish as Paddy’s pig. The tale begins years before the great famine that peaked in 1845 when the potato har vest rot ted overnight in the fields. England had swallowed Ireland, and potatoes were the only crop Irish farm-

ers could save for their own tables. They had poor potato crops before, but never such a disaster as this one. Without potatoes, the Irish population starved while in London,Parliament looked away. Daniel O’Connor, Vidal’s great, great grandfather, and the major character in the book, was born in 1796 in County Cork, one of nine


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children. The family had an old and impressive lineage dating back to the High Kings of Ireland and the Lords of Connaught. At the time of Danny’s birth, the area was the site of upheaval over British rule. One of the most detested rules forbade the Irish Catholics open practice of their religion. Harsh penal laws had been imposed on Catholics; they could not own land, hold public office or receive an education. The O’C onnors were c a ref u l. None of them went to jail, and all of them were educated. Still, food was scarce, families were large. The first chapter in the book has the O’Connors still living in Ireland, in the old house close to the remains of their family’s ancient castle, now only the bones of an original tower. Love of the land is deep in Irish blood. The meadows, the creeks, even the storms and mud are traits to cherish. As the story opens, it’s 1817, the potato crop failed again this year after three fair years of harvest. Rumors of starvation in some areas were whispered. The O’Connors were worried, the parents, grandmother and children had been on slim diets through the past winter. Now Dad sent two of his boys to the seacoast fifteen miles distant. Bring as much as you can catch so we can share it with our neighbors, he told them. 174


Tidewater Review Daniel, then age 14, and his rascally brother Owen,10, filled the order and discussed life on the slow walk home behind the cart full of cockles, oysters, mussels and salt herring. O wen w a s t he b oy h i s parents worried about most. He had been apprenticed to several workers to learn their trades, only to leave without serious practice. He was a handsome child with a beautiful singing voice and no ambition. Older brother Daniel was the complete opposite. At Owen’s age, Dan arranged his own work at the blacksmith’s forge and learned to make nails, axes and knives. He became very good at the trade, and when business slowed, his mentor advised him to go to England where workers were needed. Most of t he Br itish work men were in uniform for the war with Napoleon Bonaparte. Dan spent a miserable few years at Sheffield Cutlery. The town was draped in smoke, garbage filled the muddy streets in front of houses dug out of steep hills. Dan slept in the cold attic of an old widow. He saved as much money as he could, but spent enough for one book ~ a doctor’s text on medicine. He also put away enough money to buy passage on a boat to Canada. The war was over, the English workers returned and Dan no longer had a job. He went home with

money to help his parents feed the family, but he also brought new skills. With the help of his medical text and the side work blacksmithing, he became talented in setting broken bones and pulling teeth. H i s for mer sm it hy w a s g l ad to hire Dan back, and the local doctor recognized his talent and self-taught knowledge of medicine. The doctor contac ted a fa mous medical friend and suggested that he let Dan study with him to prepare Dan for medical school. After three years of arduous study, Dan could not register at Dublin’s Royal Medical College. Not only were Irish Catholics not welcome, Dan’s money was gone, except for enough to sail to Canada. There were many tears and kisses goodbye. Many hoped of joining Dan in Canada, but they realized they would never see each other again. Dan endured a dreadful cross over a disagreeable ocean. There was bad food, bad smells, arrival with no money in his pocket, only a small map that showed where former family friends had settled. He found Canada had many more English people than it had Irishmen, He was viewed with scorn, as “Papal scum.” Near starving, he joined a soup line on his walk out of town. Every beggar was required to renounce the Catholic faith to be given a bowl. Never! said Dan, and walked away. Hi s f i r st f r iend w a s a not her



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Tidewater Review Irish Catholic who had settled in Canada some years ago. Then, after many miles on foot, he found a cousin of his father and got a job as blacksmith. Dan worked hard for nine years, saved his pay to buy 200 acres, and began to build a house on the proper t y he c a l led L ong Point. There was one thing still missing. He had no wife. Father O’Donnell, the sole priest for miles, was helpful in that lack. The pr ie st had be c ome a close friend and admired Dan’s patience a nd p er s e ver a nc e . B e c au s e he served a large territory, he knew all the Irish Catholics and their families. In particular, Father O’Connell knew a widower with a daughter and two young boys. The man was anxious that his Brigit marry a Catholic with good character and a profitable situation. Daniel was invited to their house to meet Brigit and get permission to cour t the girl. The inter v iew was awkward, even more so when Brigit f led from the house when it was time for her to meet Daniel. Hu m i l i ate d , D a n mou nte d h i s horse and began to leave when he discovered that she had been hiding to see if she liked him. It was love at first sight for Dan, and the wedding was set for spring when his house was ready. In the interim, Dan’s ne’er-do-

w e l l br ot he r O w e n show e d up after dodging police in Ireland. He moved in and helped Dan build a barn and finish the house. Dan, 34 years old and graying, soon realized that his 16-year-old bride and handsome, witty Owen could be a dangerous mixture. Owen was sent packing, and Brigit thanked Dan for removing temptation. In that first happy year, Dan’s brother Charlie, only a baby when Dan sailed away, turned up at Long Point Farm. Charlie brought the sad news that their mother had died on the previous St. Patrick’s Eve. Most of Dan’s other siblings were now married and raising their own children, Charlie related. The saga goes on to 1838, when Dan and Brigit now had four children. Dan and Charlie were called to the militia as Canadian Tories and Reformers quarreled over elections. With the men away in service, Brigit and Charlie’s wife rescued a woman and her child. Mistaken for part of the dispute, the husband was killed and their house was torched. The mother and her little boy were badly burned and fell to the ground on Daniel’s property. The little boy died in Brigit’s arms. The mother and her daughter were nursed until they were well enough to move to a protestant family’s farm and return to New York State. By 1844 Daniel was well known in the area. He made a favorable impression at jury duty, so much that




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at the next election he was voted a justice of the peace. His whole tiny house was now the kitchen of a twostory house for a big family. Brigit was more proud of him than ever. Then sor row h it. Their ch i ld Mary Ann was sick. Like all their children, she was trained to be respectful and helpful. She was a motherly caretaker to her younger siblings, and now her life was ebbing away. Mary Ann was seven years old and suffering with pneumonia. In a fishing accident she fell into the creek, and Dan had a hard time getting her out of freezing water. Br ig it rememb ere d se ei ng h i m carry her home through snow. In a week, she was close to death. Father O’Donnell came in time to give her last rites, and she was gone. The next baby was a girl, and they named her Mary. Daniel’s next addition to Long Point was a schoolhouse. After a few years of part-time teaching by the older children, a brilliant Scotsman was hired as a permanent teacher. He became a family friend, beloved by the children and their parents. Time piled up for the O’Connors. It was 1850. Spring had urged the fruit trees to bloom in the orchard w her e l it t le Ma r y a nd to dd ler Charlie were playing. Katy, now a grown 15, was home from school to watch the two toddlers play in the sunshine. Brigit and Joanna, the 180

oldest, were hanging washed bed sheets on the clothesline when a shriek from the orchard cut the air. Little Mary was running to her mother, Katy was lying face-down on the grass over little Charlie. On top of Katy was a large grey wolf tearing at her leg. As she ran, Brigit told Joanna to quickly get Dan’s gun from the kitchen. Brigit picked up a stick and began to whip the wolf off Katy. The animal, frothing at the mouth, knocked the stick from her hand and turned to attack Brigit. In the same moment there was a loud shot, followed by another. The wolf fell backwards, no longer twitching. Daniel heard the shots and came running from the far field where he was plowing. Brigit and Daniel knew the terrible truth immediately. Katy was doomed. The wolf was mad. It had bitten Katy’s leg and scalp. No one ever recovered from hydrophobia. Brigit and Dan both began to wither from the grief of that loss, although they never neglected to have prayers at breakfast, dinner and supper, the family habit of joining before bed to say the rosary together, the legacy of their relatives in Ireland and respect for parents and church. The entire book is a paean to those of any beloved homeland who must leave it, for dif ferent reasons, but for every one a wrench to the heart. Vidal has brought the experience to life so magically that 181


F E STIVAL JUNE 7–21 2015



Tidewater Review reader feels free to imagine that s/ he adopts the O’Connor family as one’s own ancestors. The Ir ish la ng uage is t r ick y. Words are not spoken as they are written. I assume if you want to learn to speak it you must have a native to teach you. Here are s ome e x a mple s t h at I ’d w a ge r sound nothing like the letters suggest ~ cellidh (a traditional social gathering w ith music and dancing), Leanansidhe (a Love Fairy), Mo Chrof (My heart). Phonic clues would help. In the back of the book, Vidal also has notes on songs, fairy tales and biblical quotations in the text. This reader watched for the song my grandmother Kerrigan often sang when she rocked me to sleep. Since Ms. Vidal did not include it, I’ll give you a sample of the first words... Terry O’Rand was a fine young man, And as a boy it was his joy To tipple and drink and merrily wink At all the young lassies in Derry. It’s easy to lose track of all the children in the book, especially as they mature and marry neighboring Irish Catholics. Worry not. All the characters in the book are named in the index- who were their parents,

Elena Maria Vidal their siblings, whom did they marry and when, and altogether a way to sort the big families. I have been to Ireland. It is just as beautiful as this book draws it. It is still scarred with English imperialism and Irish resentment. Aside from politics (and that’s a hard place for Irish people to accept), this book would be a fine textbook for the reality of suppression. At any angle, it’s obviously a book of love, a fascinating read from a lyrical writer. I loved it. Anne Stinson began her career in the 1950s as a freelance for the now defunct Baltimore News-American, then later for Chesapeake Publishing, the Baltimore Sun and Maryland Public Television’s panel show, Maryland Newsrap.




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Caroline County A Perspective Caroline County is the very definition of a rural community. For more than 300 years, the county’s economy has been based on “market” agriculture. Caroline County was created in 1773 from Dorchester and Queen Anne’s counties. The county was named for Lady Caroline Eden, the wife of Maryland’s last colonial governor, Robert Eden (1741-1784). Denton, the county seat, was situated on a point between two ferry boat landings. Much of the business district in Denton was wiped out by the fire of 1863. Following the Civil War, Denton’s location about fifty miles up the Choptank River from the Chesapeake Bay enabled it to become an important shipping point for agricultural products. Denton became a regular port-ofcall for Baltimore-based steamer lines in the latter half of the 19th century. Preston was the site of three Underground Railroad stations during the 1840s and 1850s. One of those stations was operated by Harriet Tubman’s parents, Benjamin and Harriet Ross. When Tubman’s parents were exposed by a traitor, she smuggled them to safety in Wilmington, Delaware. Linchester Mill, just east of Preston, can be traced back to 1681, and possibly as early as 1670. The mill is the last of 26 water-powered mills to operate in Caroline County and is currently being restored. The long-term goals include rebuilding the millpond, rehabilitating the mill equipment, restoring the miller’s dwelling, and opening the historic mill on a scheduled basis. Federalsburg is located on Marshyhope Creek in the southern-most part of Caroline County. Agriculture is still a major portion of the industry in the area; however, Federalsburg is rapidly being discovered and there is a noticeable influx of people, expansion and development. Ridgely has found a niche as the “Strawberry Capital of the World.” The present streetscape, lined with stately Victorian homes, reflects the transient prosperity during the countywide canning boom (1895-1919). Hanover Foods, formerly an enterprise of Saulsbury Bros. Inc., for more than 100 years, is the last of more than 250 food processors that once operated in the Caroline County region. Points of interest in Caroline County include the Museum of Rural Life in Denton, Adkins Arboretum near Ridgely, and the Mason-Dixon Crown Stone in Marydel. To contact the Caroline County Office of Tourism, call 410-479-0655 or visit their website at 185

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Kent County and Chestertown at a Glance Kent County is a treasury of early American history. Its principal towns and back roads abound with beautiful old homes and historic landmarks. The area was first explored by Captain John Smith in 1608. Kent County was founded in 1642 and named for the shire in England that was the home of many of Kent’s earliest colonists. When the first legislature assembled in 1649, Kent County was one of two counties in the colony, thus making it the oldest on the Eastern Shore. It extended from Kent Island to the present boundary. The first settlement, New Yarmouth, thrived for a time and, until the founding of Chestertown, was the area’s economic, social and religious center. Chestertown, the county seat, was founded in 1706 and served as a port of entry during colonial times. A town rich in history, its attractions include a blend of past and present. Its brick sidewalks and attractive antiques stores, restaurants and inns beckon all to wander through the historic district and enjoy homes and places with architecture ranging from the Georgian mansions of wealthy colonial merchants to the elaborate style of the Victorian era. Second largest district of restored 18th-century homes in Maryland, Chestertown is also home to Washington College, the nation’s tenth oldest liberal arts college, founded in 1782. Washington College was also the only college that was given permission by George Washington for the use of his name, as well as given a personal donation of money. The beauty of the Eastern Shore and its waterways, the opportunity for boating and recreation, the tranquility of a rural setting and the ambiance of living history offer both visitors and residents a variety of pleasing experiences. A wealth of events and local entertainment make a visit to Chestertown special at any time of the year. For more information about events and attractions in Kent County, contact the Kent County Visitor Center at 410-778-0416, visit www. or e-mail For information about the Historical Society of Kent County, call 410-778-3499 or visit For information specific to Chestertown visit 187


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Queen Anne’s County The history of Queen Anne’s County dates back to the earliest Colonial settlements in Maryland. Small hamlets began appearing in the northern portion of the county in the 1600s. Early communities grew up around transportation routes, the rivers and streams, and then roads and eventually railroads. Small towns were centers of economic and social activity and evolved over the years from thriving centers of tobacco trade to communities boosted by the railroad boom. Queenstown was the original county seat when Queen Anne’s County was created in 1706, but that designation was passed on to Centreville in 1782. It’s location was important during the 18th century, because it is near a creek that, during that time, could be navigated by tradesmen. A hub for shipping and receiving, Queenstown was attacked by English troops during the War of 1812. Construction of the Federal-style courthouse in Centreville began in 1791 and is the oldest courthouse in continuous use in the state of Maryland. Today, Centreville is the largest town in Queen Anne’s County. With its relaxed lifestyle and tree-lined streets, it is a classic example of small town America. The Stevensville Historic District, also known as Historic Stevensville, is a national historic district in downtown Stevensville, Queen Anne’s County. It contains roughly 100 historic structures, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It is located primarily along East Main Street, a portion of Love Point Road, and a former section of Cockey Lane. The Chesapeake Heritage and Visitor Center in Chester at Kent Narrows provides and overview of the Chesapeake region’s heritage, resources and culture. The Chesapeake Heritage and Visitor Center serves as Queen Anne’s County’s official welcome center. Queen Anne’s County is also home to the Chesapeake Bay Environmental Center (formerly Horsehead Wetland Center), located in Grasonville. The CBEC is a 500-acre preserve just 15 minutes from the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. Over 200 species of birds have been recorded in the area. Embraced by miles of scenic Chesapeake Bay waterways and graced with acres of pastoral rural landscape, Queen Anne’s County offers a relaxing environment for visitors and locals alike. For more information about Queen Anne’s County, visit














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“Calendar of Events” notices - Please contact us at 410-226-0422, fax the information to 410-226-0411, write to us at Tidewater Times, P. O. Box 1141, Easton, MD 21601, or e-mail to The deadline is the 1st of the preceding month of publication (i.e., May 1 for the June issue). Daily Meeting: Mid-Shore Intergroup A lcoholics A nony mous meetings. For places and times, call 410-822-4226 or visit Daily Meeting: Al-Anon. For meeting times and locations, visit Every Thurs.-Sat. Amish Country Farmer’s Market in Easton. An indoor market offering fresh produce, meats, dairy products, furniture and more. 101 Marlboro Ave. For more info. tel: 410-822-8989. Thru May 7 After School Art Club with Susan Horsey at the Acad-

emy Art Museum, Easton. Thursdays from 3:45 to 5 p.m. $125 members, $135 non-members. For more info. tel: 410 -822ARTS (2787) or visit Thru May 14 The Book ~ From Concept to Creation with Elizabeth McKee at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Thursdays, 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. $370 members, $400 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit Thru May 23 Exhibit: Hometown Teams ~ a traveling exhibit from t he Sm it h son ia n t it le d How Spor ts Shape A mer ica at the


May Calendar Federalsburg Area Heritage Museum, Federalsburg. No admission charge. Mon. thru Thurs., 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Fri. from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. and Sat., 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. For more info. tel: 410924-7573.

L ibrar y, Easton. The ex hibit celebrates the many talents of t wo - a nd t h ree - d i mensiona l artists of the group. For more info. e-mail

Thru May 28 Memoir Writers at the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels. Thursdays, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. Please pre-register for this program. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit

Thru July 5 Exhibition: From Rubens to the Grand Tour at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. On view will be Rubens’ Agrippina and Germanicus, c. 1614, and other works. Curator Tour on May 8 at noon. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit

Th r u May 31 E x hibit: Fr iday Mor ning A r t ists w ill be featured at the Talbot County Free

T h r u Ju ly 5 E x hibit ion: R ay Turner ~ Population at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Ray

Photo courtesy of The Federalsburg Historical Society

Hometown Teams ~ a traveling exhibit from the Smithsonian titled How Sports Shape America at the Federalsburg Area Heritage Museum. 192

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May Calendar Turner began painting the portraits that comprise Population in 2007. Curator Tour on May 8 at noon. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit Thru July 5 Exhibition: Frederick Hammersley II at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. In 2013 the Museum received a donation of 45 works on paper by Frederick Hammersley (1919-2009) from the Frederick Hammersley Foundation. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit

Thru July 19 Exhibition: Carol Minarick ~ Beowulf and A Series-That-Is-Not-A-Series at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Not believ ing in preplanning or sketching, Minarick allows materials ~ from stones to tar paper ~ to emerge in new configurations. For more info. tel:



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noon. $10. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 1 First Friday in downtown Easton. Th roug hout t he e ven i ng t he ar t galleries offer new shows and have many of their artists present throughout the evening. Tour the galleries, sip a drink and explore the fine talents of local artists. 1 Dorchester Sw ingers Squa re Dance from 7:30 to 10 p.m. at Maple Elementary School, Egypt Rd., Cambridge. Refreshments provided. For more info. tel: 410-221-1978.

Odyssey ii by Rosemary Cooley Thru July 19 Exhibition: Rosemary Cooley ~ World View at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Rosemary Cooley’s artistic vision, which she translates into the world of printmaking, has been shaped by traveling and living in Asia, Africa, and South A mer ic a. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 1 Monthly Cof fee and Cr itique with Katie Cassidy and Diane DuBois Mullaly at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to

1 Concert: Free Range in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit

1-2 26th Annual Geranium and Spring Flower Sale at St. Luke’s


United Methodist Church, St. Michaels. Fri. from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. and Sat. from 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. Beautiful potted geraniums in all colors, large hanging baskets and assorted bedding plants will be available rain or shine. For more info. tel: 410-745-2534. 1-3 Shakespeare in the Meadow: The Comedy of Errors at Adkins A rb oret u m, R idgely. Sha ke speare combines sparkling wit, glorious language, and adventure to present a clever and popular comedy. Bring a chair or a blanket, drinks, and a picnic, and prepare to hang on! $10. Fri. and Sat. 6 p.m., Sun. 3 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit 1-3 Workshop: The Importance of Light ~ Plein Air with Jon Redmond at Easton Studio, Easton. 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. $450. Work will be outside, weather permitting, or indoors with still life. For more info. tel: 410-770-4421 or visit

1-3,8-10 Play: The Tred Avon Players present The Dining Room at the Oxford Community Center, Oxford. $15 adults and $5 for st udent s w it h I.D. For show times tel: 410-226-0061 or visit 1-29 Exhibit: Tidewater Camera Club to host a photographic exhibit and sale at the Kent County Public Library in Chestertown. The public is encouraged to attend and support these talented photographers. For more info. visit 1,5,8,12,15,19,22,26,29 Free Blood Pressure Screening from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. at University of Maryland Shore Medical Center at Dorchester in Cambr idge. Screenings done in the lobby by DGH Auxiliar y members. For more info. tel: 410-228-5511. 1,8,15 ,22 ,29 Meeting: Fr iday Morning Artists at Denny’s in Easton. 8 a.m. All disciplines welcome. Free. For more info. tel:

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May Calendar 443-955-2490 or visit 1,8,15 , 22 , 29 Fr iday Mor ning Drop-In Art Classes for children at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 8:45 to 11:30 a.m. $30 per session includes all materials and a tour of museum exhibits. For more info. tel: 410 -822ARTS (2787) or visit 1,8,15,22,29 Bingo! every Friday night at the Easton Volunteer Fire Department on Creamery Lane, Easton. Doors open at 6:30 p.m. and games start at 7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-4848. 1,15 Meeting: Vets Helping Vets at the Hurlock American Legion #2 43 . 9 a .m. I n for m at ion a l meeting to help vets find services. For more info. tel: 410943-8205 after 4 p.m. 2 Si x P i l la r s C ent u r y C yc l i ng Event to start at the Great Marsh Park in Cambridge at 7 a.m. The majority of the ride is through Blackwater National Wildlife Ref uge. There w ill a lso be a 12-mile family ride, 37-mile fun and fitness course, and a 56-mile Eagleman Ironman 70.3 course.

For more info. tel: 410-819-0386 or visit 2 Bird Migration Walk at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. 8 to 10 a.m. Join Wayne Bell on a guided walk to scout for migrant warblers. This walk is free for members, free with admission. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit 2 First Sat urday g uided wa lk. 10 a.m. at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. Free for members, $5 admission for non-members. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit adkinsarboretum. org. 2 Workshop: The Finishing Touch ~ How to Varnish and Frame Your Oil or Acrylic Painting with Diane DuBois Mullaly at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. $40 members, $70 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 2 Multicultural Festival in Idlewild Park, Easton, from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. sponsored by the Avalon Foundation. Free and open to the public. Musical and dance acts, community organizations and ethnic/local food vendors. For more info. tel: 410-822-0345 or visit


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2 Bay Day at Phillips Wharf Environmental Center, Tilghman. 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. Live music, kids crafts, recycled boat races and puppets, plus delicious food, local wines and micro-brewery beer, and exhibits of kid-friendly fish, crabs, turtles, horseshoe cr ab s a nd se a hor se s, nat ive plants and so much more! For more info. tel: 202-330-3253 or

2,3,9,10,16,17,23,24,30,31 Apprentice for a Day Public Boatbuilding Program at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. Pre-registration required. 10 a.m. Saturday morning to 4 p.m. Sunday afternoon. For more info. tel: 410-745-2916 and ask to speak with someone in the boatyard. 2,9,16,23,30 Easton’s Farmer’s Ma rket held e ver y Sat u rd ay unt il Chr istmas f rom 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. in the Town parking lot on N. Harrison Street. Over 20 vendors. Live music from

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May Calendar 10:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Easton Farmer’s Market is the work of the Avalon Foundation. For more info. tel: 410-253-9151 or visit 2 ,9,16, 23 ,30 S t . M ic h ael s FRESHFARM Market from 8:30 to 11:30 a.m. Farmers offer fresh fruits and vegetables, meats, cut f lowers, potted plants, breads and pastries, cow’s milk cheeses, orchids, eg gs and honey. Events and activities throughout the season. For more info. e-mail

member family. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit 3

T he Ta lb ot C i nem a S o c ie t y presents Safety Last, directed by Harold Lloyd, at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 6 to 7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-924-5752 or visit

3 Hawaii’s Lei Day at Two if by Sea in Tilghman. Watch and taste as celebrity chef Henry Miller prepares a 7-course meal from around the world. $35 includes food and beverage. For more info. tel: 410-886-2447 or visit

2,9,16,23,30 Historic High Street Walking Tour ~ Experience the beauty and hear the folklore of Cambridge’s High Street. Onehour walking tours are sponsored by the non-prof it West End Citizens Association and are accompanied by Colonial-garbed docents. 11 a.m. Fee. For more info. tel: 410-901-1000. 3 Outdoor Explorers: Wilderness Survival at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. 2 to 3:30 p.m. Activities will include water collection and purification, starting a fire with flint, foraging, and shelterbuilding. All ages are welcome! $5 member, $7 non-member, $15 member family, $20 non200

4 Brown Bag Lunch at the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels presents Bill Peak reading from his debut novel The Oblates Confession, a coming- of-age novel set in a monastery in medieval England. The Oblate’s Confession was recently awarded a coveted Kirkus Star by Kirkus Reviews. Bring a lunch and enjoy coffee and desert provided by the library. Free and open to the public. For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit the library website at

4 Lecture: Art Ransome to speak on Complex Simplicity at the Tidewater Camera Club meeting in the Wye Oak Room of the Talbot Community Center, Easton. 7 p.m. His work can be seen at The meeting is free and open to the public. For more info about the Tidewater Camera Club visit or tel: 410-822-5441.

4 Fa mi ly Spr i ng Cra f t s at t he Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels. 6 p.m. Clay Art - Part 1: Create an Air Dry Clay Piece. For all ages, but children 5 and under must be ac c ompa nied by an adult. Pre-registration is required. For more info. tel: 410822-1626 or visit

4-6 Workshop: Drawing and Painting Birds and Boats of the Chesap e a ke w it h W i l l ie C r o cke t t , sponsored by the St. Michaels Art League, at Choptank Electric Cooperative, St. Michaels. 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. $180 members, $220 non-members. For more info. visit

4 Bluegrass Jam at St. Andrew’s Episcopal Church, Hurlock. 7 to 10 p.m. Bluegrass musicians and fans welcome. Donations

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May Calendar Diagnostic and Imaging Center, Easton. For more info. tel: 410820-7778. 4,11,18,25 Open Portrait Studio with Nancy Reybold at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 9:30 a.m. to noon. Museum membership required. For more info. tel: 410-822-0597. 4,11,18,25 Open Studio with Live Model with Nancy Reybold at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 1 to 3:30 p.m. Museum membership required. For more info. tel: 410-822-0597.

4,11,18,25 Meeting: Overeaters Anonymous at UM Shore Medical Center in Easton. 5:15 to 6:15 p.m. For more info. visit 4,11,18,25 Monday Night Trivia at the Market Street Public House, Denton. 7:30 to 9:30 p.m. Join host Norm Amorose for a funfilled evening. For more info. tel: 410-479-4720. 5 Meeting: Breast Feeding Support Group from 10 to 11:30 a.m. at UM Shore Medical Center in Easton. For more info. tel: 410-822-1000 or visit 5 Mother’s Day Boxes at the Talbot County Free Librar y, Easton.

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May Calendar 3:30 to 4:30 p.m. Turn design paper into a box and top with a handmade paper rose. All materials supplied, but pre-registration is required. Middle school and older. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 5 ,7,12 ,1 4 ,19 , 21, 2 6, 2 8 A du lt Ballroom Classes with Amanda Showel l at t he Ac ademy A r t Museum, Easton. Tuesday and T hu r s d a y n i g ht s . Fo r m o r e info. tel: 410-482-6169 or visit 5,12,19 Class: Link-Up with LinkedIn with Susan Schauer John at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 6 to 8 p.m. $95 members, $120 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 5,19 Grief Support Group at the D or c he s ter C ou nt y L i br a r y, Cambridge. 6 p.m. For more info. tel: 443-978-0218. 6 Open House at St. Luke’s School in St. Michaels. Meet the teachers and see the classes in action. Pre-school programs for ages 2 to 4. 9:30 to 11:30 a.m. For more info. tel: 443-924-6119. 6 Nature as Muse at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. 10 a.m. to 1

p.m. Enjoy writing as a way of exploring nature. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit 6 Workshop: From Notan to Lively Color ~ Still Life in a Day with Rita Curtis at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. $75 members, $105 nonmembers. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 6 4th Annual Tee Off Fore Tourism at Hog Neck Golf Course, Easton. $49 per player. 12:30 p.m. shotgun start. For more info. tel: 410-770-8000. 6 C e le br ate May w it h Fa m i l y Crafts at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 3 to 4:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 6 Talk: My Memories of Blackwater Refuge and South Dorchester County with Guy Willey. 7 p.m. at the Robbins Heritage Center at the Dorchester County Historical Society, Cambridge, Free and open to the public. For more info. tel: 410-228-4840. 6 Meeting: Nar-Anon at Immanuel United Church of Christ, Cambridge. 7 p.m. For more info. tel: 1-800 -477- 6291 or v isit



May Calendar 6 Reik i Share at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living in Easton. 7:15 to 9:15 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-819-3395 or visit 6,13,20,27 Meeting: Wednesday Morning Artists. 8 a.m. at Creek Deli in Cambridge. No cost. All disciplines and skill levels welcome. For more info. visit Facebook or tel: or 410-463-0148. 6,13,20,27 Social Time for Seniors at the St. Michaels Community Center, 10:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-745-6073. 7 Stitch and Chat at the Talbot Count y Free Librar y, St. Michaels. 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Bring your ow n projects and stitch with a group. Limited instruction available. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 7 Blood Drive by the Blood Bank of Delmarva at Immanuel United

Church of Christ, Cambridge. 1 to 7 p.m. For more info. tel: 301-354-7416 or visit 7 Lecture: Native Plant Uses with Holly H. Shimizu at the Oxford Community Center, in conjunction with Adkins Arboretum and the Oxford Garden Club. Holly is a nationally recognized horticulturist with a rich background in plants and gardens. Free and open to the public. 2 to 3 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit adkinsarboretum. org. 7 Celebrate Dorchester with the Dorchester Chamber of Commerce’s Locavore event at Sailwinds Park, Cambridge. 5:30 to 9 p.m. Enjoy the bounties of our farms, pastures, and rivers as the chefs and cooks prepare local produce, meats and seafood galore. Open to the public. For more info. tel: 410-228-3575 or e-mail

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May Calendar 7,14,21,28 Men’s Group Meeting at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living in Easton. 7:30 to 9 a.m. Weekly meeting where men can frankly and openly deal with issues in their lives. For more info. tel: 410-819-3395 or visit 7,14,21,28 Dog Walking with Vicki A r ion at Ad k ins A rboret um, R idgely. 10 to 10:45 a.m. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit adkinsarboretum. org.

beautiful Long Wharf Park at the end of historic High Street. For more info. e-mail 7,14,21,28 Open Mic & Jam at R AR Brewing in Cambridge. 7 to 11 p.m. Listen to live acoustic music by local musicians, or bring your own instrument and join in. For more info. tel: 443225-5664. 8 Concert: Jeff Antoniuk and the Jazz Update at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 10 a.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit 8 Karaoke Happy Hour at Layton’s Chance Vineyard and Winery, Vienna. 6 to 10 p.m. Bring your dinner or snacks to complete the night. Wine bar available. For more info. tel: 410-228-1205 or visit 8 Concert: Dan Navarro in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit

7,14,21,28 Cambridge Main Street Farmers Market from 3 to 6 p.m. More than 20 vendors sell locally grown and made products from mid-May to mid-October at the

8,9,22,23 Pit Barbecue at the Linkwood Salem VFC in Linkwood. 10 a.m. until... Eat in or carr y out. For more info. tel: 410-221-0169. 8,22 Meeting: Vets Helping Vets at



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May Calendar VFW Post 5246 in Federalsburg. 9 a.m. Meeting to help vets find services and information. For more info. tel: 410-943-8205 after 4 p.m. 9 Great Chesapeake Bay Wellness Race at the Hyatt Regency, Cambridge. 10K chip-timed race, 5K Run/Walk (untimed), 3K Family Run/Walk (untimed). Registration begins at 8 a.m. For more info. tel: 410-221-2358. 9 Fr iend s of t he L ibra r y S e c ond Saturday Book Sale at the Dorchester County Public Library, Cambridge. 9 a.m. to 2

p.m. For more info. tel: 410-2287331 or visit dorchesterlibrary. org. 9 Workshop: Martha Lostrom will present Self-Publishing 101 at t he Tr init y Cat hedra l Par ish Hall, Easton. 9:30 a.m. to noon. Sponsored by the Eastern Shore Writer’s A ssociation. $35 for non-members; $25 for ESWA members. To register contact K athy Winf ield at 9 Celebrating Natives ~ Garden Tour of Ta lbot Count y sponsored by Ad k ins A rboret um. 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. This year’s self-guided driving tour features

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May Calendar eight gardens. Each is unique and demonstrates its own f lair and commitment to use of native plants. Tickets are $20 per person in advance and $25 on the day of the tour at For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit

9 House and Garden Pilgrimage to feature Dorchester County. 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. See article in this issue. For more info. tel: 410-228-7782 or visit 9 Cook ing Demonstrat ion and Lunch with celebrity chef Mark Salter at the Robert Morris Inn, Oxford. 10 a.m. demonstration, noon lu nch. $68 per per son w it h limited g uest numbers. Celebrating Spring Salads will be the focus. For more info. tel: 410-226-5111. 9 Open Collage Studio with Susan Stewart at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.

Museum membership required. For more info. tel: 410-226-5742. 9

B on f i e ld M a nor ho u s e a nd grounds tour to benefit the Oxford Museum. Two tours offered at 10:30 a.m. and 3:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410 -226 - 0191 or e -ma i l ox ford _ mu seu m@

9 Class: Children’s Craft Saturday ~ Mother’s Day! from 1 to 3 p.m. at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. $5. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 9 Second Saturday Nursery Walk at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. 1 to 3 p.m. Explore the Arboretum’s Native Plant Nursery with Eric Wittman. $5 for non-members, free for members. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit 9 Cambridge Beer Festival outdoors at The High Spot Gastropub, Cambridge. 1 to 6 p.m. For more details visit 9 Second Saturday at the Artsway from 2 to 4 p.m., 401 Market Street, Denton. Interact w ith a r t i s t s a s t he y demon s t r ate their work. For more info. tel: 410-479-1009 or visit


9 Second Saturday in Histor ic Downtown Cambridge on Race, Poplar, Muir and High streets. Shops will be open late. Galleries will be opening new shows and holding receptions. Restaurants will feature live music. For more info. visit cambridgemainstreet. com. 9 Mother’s Day Concert at the Tilghman United Methodist Church featuring the vocal ensemble Heart & Music. 6 p.m. Free. For more info. tel: 410-886-2881. 9 Concert: Down Hollow in the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 7 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit

9 Concert: Comedian Andy Kline in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit 9,23 Country Church Breakfast at Faith Chapel & Trappe United Methodist Churches in Wesley Ha l l, Trappe. 7:30 to 10:30 a.m. TUMC is also the home of “Martha’s Closet” Yard Sale and C om mu n it y O ut re ach Store, open during the breakfast and every Wednesday from 8:30 a.m. to noon. 10 Pancake Breakfast at the Oxford Volunteer Fire Company. 8 to 11 a.m. Proceeds to benefit the

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May Calendar

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Oxford Volunteer Fire Services. $8 for adults and $4 for children under 10. For more info. tel: 410226-5110. 10 Book Arts Studio at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 1 to 4 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-757-5542 or e-mail 10 Concert: Walter Parks in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 7 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit 11 Stitching Time at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 3 to 5 p.m. Bring projects in progress. Limited instruction available for beginners. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 11 Family Spr ing Craf ts at the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels. 6 p.m. Clay Art - Part 2: Create an Air Dry Clay Piece. For all ages, but children 5 and under must be ac c ompa nied by an adult. Pre-registration is required. For more info. tel: 410822-1626 or visit 12 Flute Circle at Justamere Trading Post, St. Michaels. 6 p.m. Come and enjoy the Native Flute. Learn to play, or just listen. Free.

12,26 Buddhist Study Group at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living, Easton. 6:30 to 8 p.m. Open to the public. For more info. tel: 410-819-3395 or visit 13 Meeting: Talbot Optimist Club at the Washington Street Pub, Easton. 6:30 p.m. For more i n fo. e -ma i l r vanemburgh@ 13,27 Stor y Time at the Talbot Count y Free Librar y, St. Michaels. 10:30 a.m. for children 5 and under accompanied by an adult. For more info. tel: 410822-1626 or visit 13,27 Chess Club from 1 to 3 p.m. at the St. Michaels Community Center. Players gather for friendly competition and instruction. For more info. tel: 410-745-6073. 13,27 Meeting: Choptank Writers Group from 3:30 to 5 p.m. at the Dorchester Center for the Arts, Cambridge. Everyone interested in writing is invited to participate. For more info. tel: 443-521-0039. 14 Lecture: Tiberius or Germanicus? Peter Paul Rubens and the Romans with Anke Van Wagenberg, PhD at the Academy Art



May Calendar Museum, Easton. 6 p.m. $15 members, $20 non-members. For more info. tel: 410 -822ARTS (2787) or visit

14 Lecture: Hearts Away, Bombs Away by Vincent dePaul Gisriel, Jr. at the Talbot County Free Li-

brary, Easton. 6:30 p.m. Gisriel shares the true story of a WWII hero and the woman who loved him. For more info. tel: 410-8221626 or visit 14 Concert: Marie Ni Chathasaigh and Chris Newman in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit 15 Soup Day at the St. Michaels Community Center. Choose from three delicious soups for lunch. $6 meal deal comes with a bowl of soup, roll and drink. Take out or eat in. For more info. tel: 410745-6073.

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May Calendar 15 Pro Bono Legal Clinic at the Dorchester County Public Library. 1 to 3 p.m. on the third Friday of each month. For more info. tel: 410-690-8128. 15 Concer t: A nna Burgess and Jayme Dingler in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit 15-16 Relay for Life - Dorchester C ou nt y at C a mbr id ge S out h Dorchester High School, Cambridge. 6 p.m. Fundraiser for the American Cancer Society.

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For more info. visit R F L C Y1 5 S A ? p g = e n t r y & f r _ id=64466. 15-17 Fine Arts @ Oxford, a juried exhibition and sale at the Oxford Community Center, features local, regional, and national artists show ing and selling or iginal artwork. See article in this issue. For more info. tel: 410-226-5904 or visit 16 4th Annual St. Michaels Running Festival. Runners will be treated to gorgeous water views, a quick mile past charming main street shops for the 10k and half marathon and a rockin’ afterparty in downtown St. Michaels. For more info. visit 16 Chesapeake Tour DeCure to benefit the Diabetes Assoc. at the Talbot Community Center, Easton. Tour de Cure is designed for everyone from the occasional bike rider to the experienced cyclist with routes ranging from 5-mile family rides to 100-mile “century” rides and more. $15 registration fee. For more info. tel: 410-770-8050. 16 A ntique Fly-In at the Hor n Point Aerodrome, Cambridge from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Rain date, May 17. Explore aviation history


Yacht Club to the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. 9 a.m. start. A f leet of classic yachts will join Elf in a cloud of traditional sail for an 1880sstyle race. For more info. tel: 410-745-2916 or visit

with a one-day display of rare and beautiful antique aircraft. Hosted by the Potomac Antique Aero Squadron, a chapter of the Antique Airplane Association. For more info. visit 16 5th Annual Elf Classic Yacht Race from Annapolis’ Eastport

16 Fun Dog Show at Sailwinds Park, Cambridge. 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. 18 show classes, fun, food, raffles, demonstrations and more. For more info. tel: 410-228-3161. 16 Crabcake and soft crab sandwich sale at the Salvation Army in Cambridge. 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Sandwiches are $6 each, drinks available. For more info. tel: 410228-2442.


May Calendar 16 Soup ′n Walk at Adkins Arboretum, R idgely. Look for box turtles, mountain laurel, beech and tulip trees during your walk along Tuckahoe Creek. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit 16 4th annual Preakness Palooza party at Evolution Craft Brewing Co. in Salisbur y. 4:30 to 7:30 p.m. Enjoy food, games, music and fun, as well as open bar from 4:30 to 5:30 p.m. with EVO beers and local wines. $30 per person. Monies raised will be donated to United Way’s “The Imagination Library.” Sponsored by RPS ISG International. For more info. tel: 410-742-5143 or visit 16 -17 The Wild Goose Chase in Cambridge ~ 11- to 100-mile bike routes in and around Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge. $60 for basic registration. For more info. visit

16,23,30 Skipjack Sail aboard the Nathan of Dorchester from

1 to 3 p.m. from Long Wharf, Cambridge. Adults $30, children 6-12 $10. Reservations online at or tel: 410228-7141. 17 Bird Walk at Blackwater National Wild life Ref uge, Cambr idge, from 8 to 10 a.m. Join an expert birder for a guided bird watching trip. There is no cost, and preregistration is not required. Meet at the Visitor Center. For more info. tel: 410-901-6124. 17 3rd Annual Nanticoke Marine Park Festival in Blades, DE. 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. The Festival will feature all k inds of vendors, boating displays and demos, children’s activities, great food and musical entertainment. For more info. tel: 302-745-5316. 18 Family Unplugged Games ~ Board Games and Educ ation Children’s Games at the Talbot Countr y Free Librar y, St. Michaels. 6 p.m. For all ages (children 5 and under need to be accompanied by an adult). For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 18 Library Book Group Discussion: The Language of Flowers by Vanessa Diffenbaugh at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 6:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410822-1626 or visit


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May Calendar 19 Movie at Noon at the Talbot Count y Free Librar y, St. Michaels. The Theory of Everything is a film based on the memoir Traveling to Infinity: My Life with Stephen by Jane Hawking. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 19,26 Stor y Time at the Talbot County Free Librar y, Easton. 10 a.m. For children under 5 accompanied by an adult. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 20 Arts Express Bus Trip: A Day at the Baltimore Museum of Art, sponsored by the Academy Art Museum, Easton. $60 members, $95 non-memb er s (i nc lude s guided tour). For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 20 Meeting: Dorchester Caregivers Support Group from 3 to 4 p.m. at Pleasant Day Adult Medical Day Care, Cambridge. For more info. tel: 410-228-0190.

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20 St. Michaels Book Club at the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels. 3 p.m. The Invention of Wings by Sue Monk Kidd. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 222

POP’S MARKET Family owned and operated for 36 years

4093 Ocean Gateway · Trappe, MD · 410-476-3900 Mon. - Sat. 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.


May Calendar 20 Concert: The Psychedelic Furs at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-8227299 or visit avalonfoundation. org. 20-21 Boater Safety Course at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. Individuals and families with children over age 12 are welcome to participate and learn the basics needed to operate a vessel on Maryland waterways. MD boaters born after July 1, 1972 are required to have a Certificate of Boating Safety Education. Pre-registration is required. 6 to 10 p.m. For more

A Taste of Italy

218 N. Washington St. Easton (410) 820-8281

info. tel: 410-745-4941 or visit 20,27 Class: Organizing, Storing and Sharing Photos with your Smart Phone with Scott Kane at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 6 to 8 p.m. $40 members, $60 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit 21 Workshop: Butterflies ~ An Introduction to Watercolor and Pen at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely, with Kelly Sverduk. 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. $40 for members, $50 for non-members. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit 21 Meeting: Stroke Survivors Support Group at Pleasant Day Medical Adult Day Care, Cambridge. 1 to 2 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-228-0190. 21 Third Thursday in downtown Denton from 5 to 7 p.m. Shop for one-of-a-kind floral arrangements, gifts and home decor, dine out on a porch with views of the Choptank River, or enjoy a stroll around town as businesses extend their hours. For more info. tel: 410-479-0655. 21 Concert: The Black Lillies in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more



May Calendar info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit 22 Concert: Margo and the Pricetags in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410822-7299 or visit 22-24 47th Annual Tea Party Festival in Chestertown. It’s not your typical street fair! The Festival offers a parade, entertainment, children’s activities, crafts, wine and beer tastings. Walking tours of the historic district, demonstrations of colonial crafts, revo-

lutionary theater by local playwrights and the popular “Tory Toss” into the river all make for a fun and educational weekend. For

IT’S SPRING GARDEN CLEANUP TIME! Please call to schedule a cleanup of your property, landscape and garden beds. Call 410.924.5800 for an appointment Joe Weems, Owner 226

more info. tel: 410-778-0416 or visit 23 Beckwith Strawberry Festival at the Neck District Fire Hall in Hudson. 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Enjoy lots of strawberry treats, plus BIG flea market, arts and crafts, and food. For more info. tel: 410228-6916. 23 Layton’s Chance Winery Birthday Bash from 6 to 9 p.m. Help Layton’s Chance celebrate their 5th birthday with live music, food ava i lable for pu rcha se, g iveaways, a nd t heir a nnua l w ine sale. For more info. tel: 410-228-1205 or visit

23 Concert: Bradford Lee Folk in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit

23-Feb. 2016 Exhibit: A Broad Reach ~ 50 Years of Collecting


May Calendar at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. Artifacts ranging from gilded eagles to a sailmaker’s sewing machine, a log-built bugeye to an intimate scene of crabpickers. Entry to the exhibition is free for Museum members and children under 6, or $15 for adults, $12 for seniors and students with ID, and $6 for children 6-17. For more info. tel; 410-745-2916 or visit 26 Meeting: Breast Cancer Support Group at UM Regional Breast Center, Easton. 6 to 7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-1000, ext. 5411.

An Elite Collection of Dealers Offering Top Quality Merchandise H 18th & 19th Century Tuesours: .-Sat Furniture · Accessories Sun1.0-5 . 11-4 Jewelry · Folk Art · Prints Paintings · Silver · China Rare Books · Fine Art & Decoys

8614 Ocean Gateway, Easton E. of Chapel Rd., 1/8 mile on the right

410-829-3559 · 410-770-4464

26 Meeting: Women Supporting Women, lo c a l bre a st c a nc er support group, meets at Christ Episcopal Church, Cambridge. 6:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-463-0946. 28 Pressed Botanicals Workshop with Joanne Healey at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. 1 to 3 p.m. Press and preserve nature to enjoy as framed art or to begin your personal herbarium. $15 member, $20 non-member. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit 28 Thursday Family Movie at the Talbot County Free library, St. Michaels. 6 p.m. for ages 7 and older. Featuring Eyewit ness: Pond & River. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit 28 Concert: Laurence Juber in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit 29 2nd Annual Rock On Talbot Humane charity auction at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. This year Rock On Talbot Humane w ill auction 15 custom-built rocking Adironack chairs, 5 children’s Adirondack chairs, and a signature bench to benefit the shelter animals at Talbot Humane. The event is free and open to the


Hair and Makeup Artistry by


Your Full Service Salon and Spa Manicures & Pedicures Waxing & Finishing Massage & Wraps Facials & Body Bronzing Specializing in On-Location Wedding Services featuring A Look of Elegance by Nancy Willis 410-310-7306

Muscular Gymnastics:

tones the skin, remarkably enhances facial features Immediate “Lifting� Effect Permanent Hair Removal & Facials Permanent Makeup

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May Calendar

public. Doors open at 6:30 p.m., auction starts at 7 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-0107 or e-mail 29 Concert: Session Americana in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 7 and 9:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit

30 St. Michaels Brew Fest from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. at various venues throughout St. Michaels. Featuring over 70 beers, including oneoffs, seasonals, collaborations and casks from local, regional & national breweries. Live music and delicious food. $30. For more info. visit •Fresh coffee roasted on the premises. •French Presses, single cup pour overs, and tasting flights. •On-Site Parking 500 S. Talbot St., St. Michaels 410-714-0334

30 Workshop: Barbara Lockhart will present Weaving the Story from Fact at Evergreen - A Center for Balanced Living, Easton. 9:30 a.m. to noon. Sponsored by the Eastern Shore Writer’s As230

sociation. $35 for non-members; $25 for ESWA and Evergreen members. For more info. tel: 410 - 819 -3 395 or v i sit e ve r 30 Workshop: Sowing Native Seeds w it h L e sl ie Hu nter C a r io at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. Learn about plant growth requirements, materials, and seeding techniques. $30 member, $35 non-member. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit adkinsarboretum. org. 30 Concert: Martin Sexton at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299

or visit 31 Outdoor Explorers Family Program: Talking Bones at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. 2 to 3:30 p.m. Learn to unravel the life stories of native animals through their bones. All ages welcome. $5 member, $7 non-member, $15 member family, $20 nonmember family. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit 30 Concert: The Kennedys in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit

Celebrating 22 Years Tracy Cohee Hodges Vice President Area Manager Eastern Shore Lending

111 N. West St., Suite C Easton, MD 21601 410-820-5200 tcohee@goďŹ

NMLS ID: 148320

This is not a guarantee to extend consumer credit as defined by Section 1026.2 of Regulation Z. Programs, interest rates, terms and fees are subject to change w/o notice. All loans are subject to credit approval and property appraisal. First Home Mortgage Corporation NMLS ID #71603 (



Chuck Mangold Jr. - Associate Broker C 410.924.8832 O 410.770.9255 ∙ 24 N. Washington Street, Easton, Maryland 21601

Located within 2 miles of historic St. Michaels, this 2 acre ± custom-built waterfront estate enjoys an unusually generous elevation that gives way to a breathtaking vista over the Miles River. Well manicured grounds, custom millwork and separate guest quarters above the garage make this a fantastic retreat. Visit $3,495,000

Ballymote - Spectacular water views. Stunning, open floor plan design, masterfully executed with exquisite care and attention to detail. Sailboat depth - 6’+ MLW. Gorgeous main house, 4 master suites, 3 fireplaces, pristine gourmet kitchen. Superb waterfront guest house. Ideal Easton/Oxford Road location. Peachblossom Creek. A perfect Eastern Shore sanctuary! Visit $3,500,000


Controversie or The Isaac Atkinson House Handsome, perfectly maintained residence on Miles River tributary, minutes from Easton and St. Michaels. Private 4.9 acre site with mature trees, flowering shrubs and a profusion of perennial flowers. Dock with sailboat anchorage and lift for power boat. Southern exposure with about 500’ of stable shoreline. Telescope residence dates to the mid 18th century with a substantial ca. 1800 addition. History available. House sensitively modernized with central a/c, updated kitchen, deluxe master bath, family room and office wing addition. First story bedroom. $2,375,000

114 Goldsborough St. Easton, MD 21601 · 410-822-7556 ·

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May 2015 ttimes web magazine  

Tidewater Times May 2015

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