January 2018 ttimes web magazine

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Tidewater Times January 2018



Overlooking the deep, sparkling waters of Broad Creek, this spacious home is located just 2 mi. outside historic St. Michaels. Designed to take full advantage of the sunset views across the water, the house features bright, ample rooms, including a glassed “River Room” and 48’ x 22’ “Great Room” with raised-hearth fireplace and 13’ ceilings! Over 3,800 sq. ft., all on 1 level. Custom bookshelves and built-in cabinetry. Private office, workshop and sewing/craft room. Attached 3-car garage. Private pier provides 6’ of water at low tide! JUST LISTED. $995,000

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Tidewater Times

Since 1952, Eastern Shore of Maryland Vol. 66, No. 8

Published Monthly

January 2018

Features: About the Cover Photographer: Jay Fleming. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Snapper: Helen Chappell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Changes ~ Cultural Cohesion: Roger Vaughan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Pennsylvania’s Elk County: Bonna L. Nelson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Battle of the Barges: Jim Dawson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Assault on James Jones: Hal Roth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Alan Thorndike ~ Puget Sound to Oxford: Michael Valliant . . . . 77 Tidewater Gardening: K. Marc Teffeau . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Los Indios: Gary D. Crawford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 Tidewater Kitchen ~ Eat Clean: Pamela Meredith-Doyle . . . . . . . 151

Departments: January Tide Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Dorchester Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Easton Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 St. Michaels Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Oxford Points of Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Tilghman - Bay Hundred . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 Caroline County - A Perspective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 Queen Anne’s County . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 January Calendar of Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 David C. Pulzone, Publisher · Anne B. Farwell, Editor P. O. Box 1141, Easton, Maryland 21601 102 Myrtle Ave., Oxford, MD 21654 410-226-0422 FAX : 410-226-0411 www.tidewatertimes.com info@tidewatertimes.com

Tidewater Times is published monthly by Tidewater Times Inc. Advertising rates upon request. Subscription price is $25.00 per year. Individual copies are $4. Contents of this publication may not be reproduced in part or whole without prior approval of the publisher. The publisher does not assume any liability for errors and/or omissions.



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About the Cover Photographer Jay Fleming Jay discovered his passion for photography at the young age of 14 upon inheriting his father’s film Nikon n90s. His father, Kevin Fleming, is a former National Geographic photographer. Jay immediately developed an affinity for looking at life through the lens of his camera, and what ensued was an exciting photographic journey that would eventually lead him to his career as a professional photographer. Now, at the age of 30, Jay has an extensive portfolio that is sure to impress. Jay looks forward to continuing to learn, refine and experiment

with his craft in the years to come. Currently, Jay has turned his attention toward the Chesapeake Bay and the industry that is directly dependent on it ~ the seafood industry. Jay spent two years actively documenting all aspects of this fascinating and diminishing way of life. The cover photo is titled Dawn Patrol. Jay may be contacted at 410-2798730 or e-mail at jaypfleming@ gmail.com. Please visit his websiteJayFlemingPhotography.com.

Photo by Mike Morgan




by Helen Chappell Tom Horton hates it when I call him Mr. Famous Environmental Writer Guy because he is a modest man. He once wrote that I had an idyllic childhood growing up on a big old farm down in the Neck District of Dorchester County. Tom is a very, very talented writer, but I wouldn’t call mine an idyllic childhood. It wasn’t a Charles Dickens nightmare, but I was no one’s idea of a perfect kid. Tom also taught me the adage that the larger the ego, the smaller the talent, which is a good thing to keep in mind when you start to think you’re so special. My parents would tell me not to do something, and most of the time, if it made sense, like not running into traffic or talking to strangers, I’d obey them. I did have

some common sense, but, as you will see, not much. There’s a good reason my parents wouldn’t trust me with a B.B. gun at that point. I remember a time when my brother, the neighborhood kids, and I gleefully took rocks and broke most of the glass in one side of a neighbor’s barn. We knew we were going to be in deep, deep trouble, and we though about it for about five seconds, and went ahead and did it anyway. Heaving those rocks was fun ~ fun, I tell you. That shattering glass was very satisfying to a tribe of otherwise fairly good kids. If you’re about ten and have deliberately broken a lot of glass and heard that satisfying tinkle, you’ll know what I mean. It was worth the hell we all caught. And, yes, we richly deserved it. Now, my brother may have a different version of events, but that’s my story and I’m sticking to it. Besides, it’s easier to take your punishment when you’re one of a group. If I’d done it all by myself, it wouldn’t have occurred to me, and it would have been half as much fun if it had. And, I would have lied and said I didn’t know anything about it. When you are the only girl

Tom Horton 9




they can be mean) or caught in a muskrat trap. I did once drink the remains of that bottle of Jack Daniel’s I found in one of the duck blinds.

in a pack of boys, no one suspects you, after all, at least back then.

I am sure I did plenty of other stuff I wasn’t supposed to. I know I wandered far and wide, beyond the boundaries my mother set for me. And, I know I’m lucky I wasn’t trampled to death by a cow (yes,

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Snapper ing season, and the game wardens f lew over the Necks. I just wanted to see them all f loating, bobbing in the water. Maybe a duck or two would be lured in, even though all the ducks were summering up on the tundra in Canada, and I sort of knew this. I did bring the string in, but I got all the string and the decoys tangled up in a mess, and got into trouble for that. I picked trumpet vines that grew on the fence posts, and I tried to catch a red-winged blackbird, with absolutely no luck. To my mind, as long as I didn’t get caught, I figured I was okay. Then, one day, as I was wander-

ing down the lane, I came across a turtle. Now, I had been repeatedly warned that there were terrapins, which were safe, and there were snapping turtles, which were to be given a wide berth. But, not being very smart, I didn’t know the difference. There was this huge turtle,

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Snapper minding its own turtle business, crossing the lane, and I just had to pick it up. Dumb move! To me, this still ranks right up there with the stupidest things I have ever done ~ because it was a snapper, and it turned around and sank its jaws right into the soft web between my thumb and forefinger. And it hurt. It hurt like bloody hell. Stupid me, I tried to shake the turtle off, but the harder I shook, the harder that turtle’s jaws gripped on my hand, until it was drawing blood. It was mad as fire at me, too, and I didn’t then, and don’t now, blame it. This poor turtle was minding its own business, and along came this dumb kid, who probably had thoughts of taking it home and putting it in a cardboard box, and begging to keep it, and what selfrespecting turtle is going to put up with that? By now, being only about eight or nine, I started to cry, as much from fear as pain. I bawled all the way

back up the lane to the house and burst in the screen door as if the hounds of hell were on my tail. Fortunately, my parents were in the kitchen, and, after assessing the situation and reminding me that I wasn’t supposed to tease or annoy turtles or snakes, my father sat me down in a kitchen chair. “Mom, hold her hand still,” he commanded my mother, who did as she was told, even as she was scolding me, as much from fright as anger, being a parent. Now, my old man grew up on a farm. He loved the outdoors as much as he loved anything, and he wasn’t a surgeon for nothing. He swore like a sailor at the best of times, but I learned some new words that day. Fortunately for me, he knew exactly what to do.

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The snapper closed into his shell, and my father blew out the match and stooped to pick it up. “Always pick up a turtle by the back of the shell,” he told me, because this, to him, was a Teachable Moment. “Never let a turtle’s jaws get close to you. Any turtle!” He picked up that turtle and set it out on the grass, where, I assume, once it figured out its ordeal was over, it went back about its turtle business. He was a little shaken, a little sore under the jaw, and probably in high dudgeon. As my father bandaged up my hand, he added, “Maybe now, you’ll listen when we tell you not to do something.” I probably didn’t. But now, in the spring, when I see a turtle crossing the road, most likely returning to where it was hatched, I always stop and pick it up and carry it over to safety. And you can bet your bottom dollar that I always pick it up by the back of the shell!

He grabbed a box of kitchen matches and lit one. He held that match under the turtle’s jaw. At this point, I was so fascinated that I forgot to cry! In less than a minute, the big snapper opened his jaw and fell off my hand and onto my mother’s clean floor like a bomb. My mother, for whom cleanliness was above godliness, ran for a rag and some soap.

Helen Chappell is the creator of the Sam and Hollis mystery series and the Oysterback stories, as well as The Chesapeake Book of the Dead. Under her pen name, Rebecca Baldwin, she has published a number of historical novels. The diamondback terrapin is widely known for being quite docile. 22



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Cultural Cohesion

from The Medal Maker: A Biography of Victor Kovalenko

by Roger Vaughan After coaching his Ukrainian teams to Olympic bronze medals in 1988 and 1996 in the 470 class, Victor Kovalenko was recruited by the Australian Yachting Federation. On October 14, 1997, a year and a month after he agreed to take the Australian job, Victor moved to Sydney. After evaluating the enormous task ahead of him, he had arrived alone. Moving to Australia was a dream come true for Victor. With support flagging in Ukraine, the timing was perfect. He had to make this amazing opportunity work, and in only three years. He knew it was a long shot. He knew there were many endless days ahead, with very little time for family or anything other than sailing. After a long discussion, he and his wife Tatiana decided she and their son Vladimir would wait until after the Sydney Olympic Games (2000) were finished before they moved to Sydney. Thanks to Victor’s accomplishments in the Ukrainian sports world, they were living well in a spacious three-bedroom apartment and owned a small summer cottage on the Dnepir River. Tatiana would keep her teaching job, and the delay was okay with Vladimir, who at age 16 had a full

teenage life and was not looking forward to being uprooted. Unspoken was the possibility it could all go bad and Victor would be the one moving after three years ~ back to Ukraine. Tatiana could visit Victor on holi-


Cultural Cohesion

tening carefully. He told us we had to be like frogs. That was his first analogy for us. He said we mustn’t sit on a rock and deliberate, we had to jump in the water and be committed. Later on, he named my boat Frog and gave me a little frog pin.” The next day, Victor met his boss, Tracy Johnstone, who had taken over as high performance manager of Yachting Australia just a few months before. Tracy was a big boat sailor who had earned her stripes by surviving several years of working as personal assistant to Syd Fischer, arguably Australian yachting’s saltiest and most celebrated (and accomplished) senior curmudgeon-yachtsman. Tracy hadn’t been enthused when she’d heard Australia was getting a coach from Ukraine. She favored nurturing national coaching talent. But the results for Australia in the 1996 Olympic Games (one silver, one bronze) had not lived up to expectations. Personnel changes that followed, including the hiring of both Johnstone and Phil Jones, the CEO of the Australia Yachting Federation. “Phil had good insight,” Tracy says. “He realized we were limited in finding Australians with enough expertise to drive a hard program. “I was uncomfortable meeting Victor. I’m always cautious with a new person: who is this bloke? He turned out to be everything I thought he would be: well-presented, ironed shirt, neat pants. Con-

days, and he would be able to visit Ukraine when the team was traveling in Europe. When he arrived in Sydney, Victor was picked up at the airport by one of the coaches, taken directly to the waterfront where the Australian 470 sailors were practicing, and put in the boat with the team’s head coach, Ian Brown. Belinda Stowell, a round-the-world sailor from Zimbabwe who was new to both Australia as a citizen, and to dinghy sailing, remembers that day. “He’d flown in from Ukraine with his gold aviator sunglasses,” says Stowell, who today is the head coach of Western Australia’s sailing program. “I looked over during the session and Victor had fallen asleep with his mouth open, catching flies. We were that exciting for him. The guy was really impressed with us. Of course, he was fully jet lagged. We went in, and I’ll never forget that first meeting with him. His English was very broken, but he already had that power when he talked. Everyone was drawn in, lis26

servative, was my first impression. He was intense, reserved, not at all into self-promotion. His English wasn’t so good, but he always got his message across. He pressed me for details. There was no social chit chat. He wanted to get working. That impressed me because I’m a worker. I felt he was here to get a job done.” It was Phil Jones who had officially confirmed Victor’s hiring. In 2015, Jones was the interim CEO of Athletics Australia, the country’s governing body of sports. A fit man, he gets around Sydney on a bicycle. Jones had to leave town for three weeks just as Victor arrived, and he invited him to stay at his apartment until an accommodation could be arranged. “When we returned,” Jones says, “Victor advised us to be careful with the kitchen knives. He’d spent his evenings sharpening them. My wife cut the end of her finger off with one. He said in Ukraine they always had sharp knives.” Tracy Johnstone arranged a room for Victor at the HMAS Penguin Australian Royal Navy Base on Hunter’s Bay, just north of Sydney Harbor. Part of the base was unoccupied, and it provided a perfect headquarters for the sailing team. “The accommodation wasn’t much,” Johnstone says, “but the man is frugal. He could live off the smell of an oily rag. He was willing to live in a minimalist environment to establish a relationship with the

sailors and the program. He understood he needed to be cautious, so it worked well. But here was this Ukrainian guy sleeping in the middle of our Navy base with full security all around and badges required, eating in the mess hall with Navy personnel. No way that could happen now. He integrated, that’s his nature. He’s an intuitive character. He saw where he was and did what was needed to survive. You had to trust the man. He read people and situations really well.” Vladimir Kovalenko says that’s always been his father’s strength. “He can quickly find the key to any person,” Vladimir says. “He can start a conversation with anyone. He can subtly convince people to go to the subject they know. That’s what Father does.” Jenny Danks, an Australian 470 sailor who led the charge to recruit Victor, says she’s never met anyone who makes friends faster. “He can be standing in an airport line,”


Cultural Cohesion

His first accommodation at the Navy base was a small, windowless room with a mattress on the floor. He stood the mattress up every day and used the room as his office. Two weeks later, he was moved to the senior sailor’s mess hall up the hill. His room had a great view of the harbor, and the base had tennis courts and an excellent gym. For the first year there, he was not charged for the room. The last two years, he had to pay $40 USD a week, with three meals a day included. “I loved the base,” Victor says. “At night, they served wine with dinner. It’s where they trained Navy Seals.” While he was there, a group of US Special Forces arrived. They stayed next to his room in sleeping bags on the floor. “It was interesting to talk with them. I watched them practice. They were into team building, talking about the importance of trust while operating in extreme conditions. They know better than anyone what it’s like to make decisions under pressure of time and in tough situations, with bullets flying. That’s very valuable stuff. “I don’t talk to my sailors about pressure,” Victor says. “I work in advance for them to be aware of the pressure, work at showing them how to control themselves and understand they are under pressure. Because the pressure is always there. In each race, each regatta, they will encounter a differ-

Danks says, “and see some guy wearing a North Sails hat, and he’s got a new friend.” Victor had been hired by the Australian Yachting Federation for $28,000 a year, a pittance, but an improvement on what he was making in Ukraine. The 1997 sailing budget for all classes was $500,000 USD, also a pittance (in 2014, the budget was $8 million). Victor says he wore a necktie to AYF meetings, carried a dictionary, and understood about 20 percent of what they were talking about. “I knew sailing words,” he says, “tack, jibe, in, out, but the bureaucratic words I couldn’t understand. Even now, in Australia with my better English, when I listen to politicians, I only understand 60 percent. But with politicians, 60 percent is all you need. The rest is BS.”

In the 470, skipper Mathew Belcher won gold in Weymouth (2012) with crew Malcolm Page, and silver in Rio (2016) with crew Will Ryan (on wire). 28



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Cultural Cohesion

It was obvious from the start that the two worlds of Ukraine and Australia were going to need some time to resolve their considerable differences and find common ground. The differences had to do with the controls and restrictions under which Soviet citizens had, until very recent years, grown up and learned to function, and the wide-open, friendly-skies, surf’sup nature of Australians. Victor Kovalenko couldn’t have found a culture that was more contrary to the Soviet way. Even among firstworld democracies, Australia has a reputation for being at the far end of relaxed. It began the first day of training. To set the tone, Victor told his new sailors one of his favorite analogies. It’s about tanks. He told them that Ukrainian tanks are better than American tanks because when Americans build a tank they take their best soldier and build an environment around him that has everything he needs. He has all the information at his fingertips, he is comfortable, and the machine is easy to operate. Then they cover the tank with armor and put a gun on the top. When the Ukrainians build a tank, they get the biggest gun they can find and build a tank under it. Then they open the hatch and shove a soldier in the hole and force him to adapt to the environment. It might not be comfortable for the operator, but the Ukrainian

ent psychological state ~ different motivation, attitude, expectations, preparation, and different results. The guy leading has five bullets in six races. What is his state of mind when he wakes up in the morning and comes to the club? What is the attitude of the person with bad results, or the person who has five seconds? They all have different attitudes and approaches. “Take three sailors after three races. One has 1-1-20; another has 20-11; the third has 10-6-6. What is common among them? They all have 22 points! The difference is the attitude they carry into the next race. The guy with 1-1-20 is upset. The guy with 201-1 is wow, fantastic! The guy with 10-6-6 says okay, I am progressing.”

The head coach of Australia's Olympic sailing team, Victor Kovalenko has been recognized for his outstanding contribution to the sport in the country by being officially inducted into the Sport Australia Hall of Fame in Melbourne. 30

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Cultural Cohesion

randomly unstable platform. Compared to a 470 dinghy in a strong wind, speeding along on a confused seaway, that chair will seem easy. “Some found Victor’s program too tough, and bailed,” Phil Jones says. The common ground was the quest for Olympic medals. With Victor, winning an Olympic Gold medal is unsurpassed as an accomplishment. “It is the top of the mountain,” Victor says, “the highest recognition in life. It is not only extremely hard work, but you have to change yourself and expand the limits in your sport to win. It is higher than the Nobel Prize, different. Nobel winners have no idea they are being considered, because the Nobel Prize is a judgment by others about someone’s work. In sport, people have to perform ~ compete and prove they are the best under incredible individual pressure.” But even among a self-selected group of sailors who were committed to winning medals, Victor’s approach was a hard sell. He still puzzles over Australians’ desires to have things in life other than Olympic gold medals.

tank is the better tank. Victor went on to explain the moral of the story: an Olympic campaign has nothing to do with making it easy for yourself because you cannot build a campaign around your lifestyle and what you want to do. The right way is to force yourself to fit the mold if you want to be the best. That little speech was followed by Victor’s approach to fitness. Fitness is embraced by the Australian lifestyle. One doesn’t surf or play rugby or even cricket, ride bicycles, or ski without being fit. But Victor’s training methods included some routines that were quite different. While the chin-ups and running were old school, the hanging chair was another matter. The idea was to sit in a classroom chair suspended from the ceiling by four lines ~ one to each corner of the seat ~ and using only your body (no legs) try to get it swinging. The lines were crossed to make moving the chair more difficult. That was followed by sitting on a bench with 20 cans of soda and placing them upright on the floor one at a time, then placing them back on the bench one at a time, on the clock, of course. The idea was to improve balance and coordination. The sailor/athlete is different from all other athletes in that his playing field never stops moving. All his moves, like in the hanging chair, are executed on a

“Victor speaks to everyone who competes in any endeavor, at any level.” The Medal Maker is available in print at Cardinal Publishing, or at Barnes & Nobel as an eBook. 32



Pennsylvania’s Elk Country by Bonna L. Nelson

Dressed in dow n jackets and leather boots, armed with a map, binoculars, equipment and rumors of sightings, we set out to hunt the elusive elk along the 127-mile Elk Scenic Drive. On the cusp of fall in central Pennsylvania, leaves were beginning to turn mustard, scarlet, sienna and peach along the edges of the trail. We were advised to initiate the hunt just after sunrise or just before sunset and to search along the borders of forests and fields for the best sighting opportunity.

Though my husband is a hunter, we were not hunting for trophy elk. He only hunts game birds, and I do not hunt with a gun. Our equipment comprised a camera and a cell phone. We were hunting for the opportunity to see majestic elk in their natural habitat and to capture a memory to share. We camped out at a hotel in nearby St. Marys, a town in Elk County, Pennsylvania, where we exchanged el k sig ht i ng i n for mat ion ever y morning over breakfast with other


Elk Country

Mountain Elk from Yellowstone National Park to the north-central area of Pennsylvania between 1913 and 1926. Herd population fluctuated over the years, but they have successfully survived and the herd now numbers over a thousand. The Pennsylvania herd is the largest wild elk herd in the Northeastern United States. Pennsylvania’s elk range includes 3,000 square miles and nine counties, with Elk County and the town of Benezette recognized as the heart of Elk Country. The range area includes beautiful, scenic, remote lands, both public and private. The 23 viewing sites along Elk Scenic Drive were established to provide safe and effective public

guests and staff. We took pleasure in observing how excited visitors and residents were about seeing the noble elk in their natural habitat. The elk addiction has spread across Pennsylvania and to neighboring states. We noticed license plates from well beyond the Mid-Atlantic on the elk hunt. According to Pennsylvania’s Great Outdoors Elk Viewing Guide, elk once roamed freely throughout the state. By 1867, colonial settlements, exploitation of natural resources and overhunting had decimated the herds. Habitat loss and unregulated hunting led to their complete demise. The state reintroduced 177 Rocky



Elk Country

conserve the forests, flora and fauna for current and future generations. The Center housed fascinating exhibits, including a full-size elk mount, an elk skull with antlers, elk antler velvet and numerous photographs of elk spotted nearby. It also contains interactive displays about elk, birds and trees that are of interest to kids and adults. John bought a fleece jacket with elk hoof prints on the shoulder, and I found a small iron elk sculpture for our fireplace in the gift shop which also sells locally produced arts and crafts, beeswax candles, farm-raised elk sausage and maple syrup. The Center is surrounded by 245 acres of greens, woods, walking trails and specially planted grazing pastures. Elk can sometimes be spotted from its glass windows and on the grounds. Horse-drawn wagon rides through the elk fields are available on weekends on a limited basis by lining up at the Center early in the morning to purchase a ticket. On the day we visited, they had sold out long before we arrived. Being wildlife enthusiasts, we had talked about taking this trip for years and were happy to learn that fall is a special time of year for elk. ‘Tis the season with a reason, as the bulls woo the cows in fall to produce calves in late spring. The mating ritual is called rutting, and the elk bulls’ call to romance is called bugling. A low bellow that ascends to a long high note followed by guttural grunts,

wildlife viewing areas with parking and viewing blinds. Each site was chosen for its scenic elk viewing potential and beauty in the Allegheny foothills, dotted with farms, cottages, valleys, streams, woodland and fields. Upon our arrival in Benezette, we obtained a copy of the Elk Viewing Guide at the handsome wood-andstone Elk Visitors Center, a premier elk watching and conservation education facility. The Center is fronted by a massive bronze elk sculpture. Inside, we were invited to view an introductory video about the elk in a circular 4-D theater with 50-foot wraparound screens. The film stated that the elk were reintroduced to the area to preserve the ecosystem and



Elk Country

t hey or ig inated. Elk have buf fcolored rumps, reddish tan bodies and dark reddish brown necks and heads. Colors vary in intensity by season. They have long, thin legs and a long head with large ears. An elk bull can grow to 6 feet in height with huge antlers towering to 4 feet above the head and 4 feet wide. Bull elk grow a new set of velvet-covered antlers each year, scrape the velvet off on trees and eat it for nutrients. They average a 10- to 13-year life span in the wild. Elk are herbivores and graze on grasses, plants, leaves and bark, eating up to 15 pounds of vegetation daily in the summer months. They graze along the edges of woods and fields in the morning and evening,

bugling attracts a harem of cows, usually 15 to 20, for breeding. The 700 - to 900 -pound bulls often fight off the competition and protect their territory by fiercely sparring with other males. Bulls ram, clack and lock antlers, usually shoving the weaker bull away in order to mate with some of the 500-pound cows in their harems. The usual result is a 35-pound calf in the spring. Called “wapiti� by Native Americans, a word meaning light-colored deer, elk are related to moose, deer and caribou. They are one of the largest land mammals in Nor th America and in Eastern Asia, where

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we saw a gathering of folk and parked and walked to the overlook to see a large bull and several cows in an open field at the edge of the woods. At another farm, we spotted a bull and a dozen cows from his harem in a field. The elk are regal creatures and are an unforgettable sight. It was so thrilling and exciting to see them. The nature scape and its occupants brought smiles of joy to visitors’ faces, mine included. The highlight of the hunt was at Hicks Run Wildlife Viewing Area, where we came upon a large bull alone near the woods. Visitors told us he had just been chased off by another bull. Must have been a mating competition. I felt sorry for him because he was alone and away from

retreating to the woods to rest and digest their meal, like the white-tail deer on our Eastern Shore. We ate lunch in the town below the Visitors Center at the Benezette Hotel, a spot popular with locals and visitors alike for its rustic ambiance and quick, friendly service. John ordered a farm-raised elk burger, while I settled for a tuna sandwich. The elk burger tasted like bison to us, less fatty than beef but tender. It seemed very strange to me to eat the very animal that we wanted to see and photograph. Our scouting preparation and advice paid off. We were fortunate to spot elk just before dusk at overlooks along Elk Scenic Drive. At Dent’s Run and Winslow Hill viewing areas

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1. Mon. 2:07 3:03 2. Tues. 3:03 3:56 3. Wed. 3:59 4:49 4. Thurs. 4:55 5:42 5. Fri. 5:51 6:34 6. Sat. 6:49 7:25 7. Sun. 7:50 8:16 8. Mon. 8:53 9:07 9. Tues. 9:58 9:57 10. Wed. 11:03 10:48 11. Thurs. 12:04pm 11:39 12. Fri. 12:59 13. Sat. 12:29 1:48 14. Sun. 1:18 2:31 15. Mon. 2:05 3:09 16. Tues. 2:49 3:45 17. Wed. 3:31 4:18 18. Thurs. 4:12 4:52 19. Fri. 4:52 5:26 20. Sat. 5:33 6:02 21. Sun. 6:16 6:40 22. Mon. 7:03 7:22 23. Tues. 7:54 8:07 24. Wed. 8:49 8:57 25. Thurs. 9:48 9:51 26. Fri. 10:50 10:50 27. Sat. 11:52 11:51 28. Sun. 12:54 29. Mon. 12:52 1:53 30. Tues. 1:51 2:50 31. Wed. 2:48 3:43



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Elk Country his herd. Cameras were flashing all around, as we were amazed by his size and to be within 15 feet of him. He seemed peaceful and unfazed by our presence and eventually wandered back into the woods. The elk are a conservation and economic driver for the local area. Dining and accommodation options are bountiful, from local taverns to elegant restaurants, from camp and RV sites to motels to upscale B&Bs. The next day, while the elk were resting in the woods, we were busy in St. Marys, a town near Benezette offering opportunities to tour, explore, shop and dine. Since 1872, the Straub Brewery, has been brewing handcrafted beer, fresh American lagers and German-

style craft beers. During our tour, we learned that the family-owned brewery is one of the oldest in the nation and is designated as an American Legacy Brewery. Straub still produces its original beer in the original building. John was impressed with the second-story rope-and-pulley


Elk Country

if anyone in the group had taken the tour previously. Those repeat tourists really enjoy their free beer! John and I might repeat the tour again for the same reason, and we purchased a case of beer from their gift shop. We savored lunch in a small tea parlor and gift shop in St. Marys, followed by a driving tour of the town. Bavarian Catholic settlers established the town in 1842, and built the beautiful St. Marys Cathedral, school, monastery and convent complex. They invited School Sisters of Notre Dame nuns and Benedictine monks and nuns to serve the St. Marys community. I stopped in the

method still used to unload pallets of 50-pound bags of hops trucked in from Washington State. Beginning in the waiting area, where several taps were available for sampling, our 90-minute tour included unlimited tastings of 100 percent all-natural beer. We ended the tour in the bottling plant, where we were of fered cold bot t les of freshly brewed beer. Mmm, so delicious. After the tour, I understood why several stout gentlemen had smiled and sheepishly raised their hands when the tour guide had asked


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Elk Country

to watch elk graze and play. With a gift shop and free wine tastings, it was a wonderful way to end our tour of Elk Country. As I sit by the fire this winter with a warm mug of Elk Mountain wassail, I will reminisce with John about our elk encounters. Elk are the largest land animals in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Watching them is a thrilling pastime, and Elk Country is a beautiful place to reconnect with nature anytime of the year.

Benedictine gift shop and found religious crafts to bring home to family. Our trip ended at the Elk Mountain Winery near Benezette, one of several wineries in the region. Situated on a hill with a glass-enclosed tasting room that overlooks a pasture, the winery is the perfect spot

Bonna L. Nelson is a Bay-area writer, columnist, photographer and world traveler. She resides in Easton with her husband, John.

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The Battle of the Barges on the Bay of Chesapeake in the American Revolution by James Dawson You never know what you might see in a cemeter y. This unusual epitaph was seen on a tombstone in Chesterfield Cemetery, Centreville, Maryland. Frances Massey 1782-1863 Wife of Joseph Kennard, d. 1815 and of James Massey, d. 1843 Her father was Oakley Haddaway of Talbot County First Lieutenant of the Barge Terrible Maryland State Navy 1782

direction of the Maryland Council of Safety and was not so much an official nav y then, but a miscellaneous collection of barges and other vessels purchased by the state, donated by private citizens from several counties or captured from the enemy. The barge was not the vessel towed by a tugboat and used for hauling bulky cargo and garbage that we know, but a heavy-duty f lat -bottomed craft with a square stern (rowing galleys had a round bottom and round stern). Size could be al-

The barge Terrible? The Maryland State Navy? What was going on here? It took a little digging (to use a poor choice of words) to turn up (sorry again!) the fascinating story about the mostly forgotten Battle of the Barges in the Chesapeake Bay during the American Revolution. For starters, the Maryland State Nav y or Mar yland Naval Militia was established in 1775 under the 51

Battle of the Barges

Protector put it, their purpose was “to prevent the Enemys Barges from Plundering the People on the Wayters of Ouer Bay and Rivers Which they wair doing in the most barberus and Cruil manner…”

most anything, from a large rowboat up to about 75 ft. Bigger barges had one or two masts, sometimes with a triangular lateen sail, but they were often propelled by men sitting one or two abreast using long oars or sweeps.

Both the British and the Americans used barges, and occasionally they got into it with each other. There were two battles of the barges on the Chesapeake. The first was on the Eastern Shore near Smith Island in 1782 in the Revolutionary War and the second was in 1814 on the western shore on the Patuxent River during the War of 1812 with 18 barges under the command of Commodore Joshua Barney. Barney’s barges resembled 30-foot round-

Their orders were to patrol the Bay and prevent the British from looting and pillaging, especially in Somerset and Worcester counties. As Peter Chaille of the barge

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Battle of the Barges

tombstone memorializes him. The old carronade, an 18-pounder, that now guards the American Legion in Ea ston, Ma r yla nd, may wel l have been one of the cannons on the Terrible. Some other barges in the Maryland State Nav y were Protector, commanded by Commodore Walley (or Whaley), Defence (Capt. Frazier), Intrepid, Fearnaught (Capt. Spedden) and the Langodoc, with a crew of eight captained by Capt. Samuel Handy. The name Langodoc was apparently a corruption of Languedoc, a 90-gun ship of the line of the French nav y that participated in the Battle of the Chesapeake in 1781. Perhaps that name was given to the barge in jest because it was so small. At about 9:30 in the morning on Nov. 30, 1782, off Smith Island in Maryland waters, these barges, accompanied by their supply boat, the schooner Flying Fish (Capt. Brian), got into a battle with five or six British barges commanded by Commodore John Kidd and crewed by loc a l L oya list s a nd e sc aped

bottomed whaling boats fitted with a sloop rigged sail and oars. The Revolutionary War barges were more like galleys from ancient Rome than anything you would have expected to see on the Chesapeake, except that they only had one level of rowers. These barges were also armed. Smaller barges had one or two cannons; the cannon at the bow was used for attacking, and the one on the stern was for when you were retreating, which, for some barges, was apparently a good bit of the time. Bigger barges like Protector, with a crew of 72, might have an 18-pounder in the bow and one in the stern, two 18-pound carronades amidships and several swivel guns. And the crew had swords and muskets. Then there was the wonderfully named Terrible that had been provided by citizens of Talbot County. It had a captain, two lieutenants and crew of 27. One of the lieutenants was Oakley Haddaway, whose commission dated May 23, 1782, still survives and whose daughter’s

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slaves. Commodore Walley had been alerted to the location of the British barges by Capt. Frazier, who, f lying a British f lag, had gone ashore the day before to reconnoiter the enemy’s position. Another barge, the Victory from Virginia, couldn’t join them because it had run aground. The British barges were Kidnapper (Commodore Kidd), Ranger (Capt. Young), Victory (Capt. Fling), Lady’s Revenge and Jackall (the last two barges probably captained by Capt. Perry and Capt. Adams). There may have been another barge or galley. The Brits fired first, but Protector, soon joined by Defence, returned a brisk fire that disabled as many as three of the British barges. Lady’s Revenge was seriously damaged. Things were going in favor of the Marylanders until the gunner on Protector dropped and broke open a cartridge when loading a cannon. The spilled gunpowder took fire, ignited the powder magazine, and the resulting two explosions killed or severely burned several of the crew and even wounded some of the British in a nearby barge. Kidnapp e r a nd Range r, a nd possibly another barge, rushed and boarded Protector, and there was bloody hand-to-hand combat with muskets, pistols, belay ing pins, knives and cutlasses for about ten minutes until Protector struck her colors, by which time most of her crew were killed or wounded. Only eight or nine escaped.

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Battle of the Barges For whatever reason, instead of coming to its aid, Terrible dropped to the back of the line along with Langodoc and Flying Fish. They were cut off by the British vessels and beat a hasty retreat. The battle only lasted half an hour, but the Battle of the Barges, a.k.a. Battle of Cager’s [i.e., Kedge’s] Strait, was the bloodiest battle ever fought by the Maryland State Navy. Eleven had been killed on Protector, including Commodore Zedekiah Walley, and 30 wounded, including Capt. Levin Handy, who sustained seven wounds. A total of 26 men on the American side had been killed, including L ev in’s brother Capt. Joseph Handy, who had continued fighting after one arm was broken before he was struck down. The few survivors from Protector were taken prisoner and sent to Onancock, Virginia. Twenty-three of the men on Commodore Kidd’s barge had been killed or wounded. The prisoners exchanged that evening under a flag of truce included Commodore Daniel Brooks and the 16-man crew of the British barge Jolly Tarr that had been captured by Defence on November 15. Commodore Brooks was from Dorchester County. Lt. John Cropper, a volunteer on Protector from Onancock, wrote, “Being very much disordered with my wounds, I am scarcely able to write, therefore, I beg leave to sub-

Lt. John Cropper scribe myself…Myself was wounded by a cutlass on the head, slightly by a pike on the face and thigh, slightly by a cutlass on the shoulder, and after the surrender was knocked down by a four pound rammer, the blow of which was unfortunately near upon the same place where the cutlass hit.” Lt. Cropper’s life had been saved in the massacre that followed by the ef for ts of an Irishman w ith whom he had become friendly in a previous prisoner of war exchange, and a runaway slave fighting on the British side who had belonged to Lt. Cropper’s father. They had recognized his unconscious body and guarded it with their swords during the carnage. The sur v ivors from Protector 56

were greeted as heroes, except that Lt. Cropper’s wife, Margaret, who v isited the wounded man while he was recovering, scolded him thus: “You deserve it, a Continental officer, to leave your wife and children to fight sailors on the water.” Ironically, the sharp-tongued Mrs. Cropper was soon to die from complications af ter accidentally swallowing one of the pins she was holding between her lips while she was changing the cloth bandages on Lt. Cropper’s wounds. There were mutterings of cowardice, and some thought that if the other barges had come to assist Protector, the battle would have turned out differently. Only Protector, Defence and Fearnaught had returned fire. On Dec ember 30, a boa rd of inquiry met to investigate the matter. Lt. Botfield and the officers of Fearnaught, Terrible and Defence were directed to attend. These officers were advised to bring such w itnesses and ev idence as they may have thought proper for their defense. It was also ordered that the officers of the other barges attend with the three most intelligent men from each of the barges to give evidence. Capt. Dashiell of Terrible had been suspended f rom dut y and charged with “conduct highly unbecoming and improper conduct in the late action with the enemy in the Bay of Chesapeake.” The accounts that follow have

r Fo lity l i l Ca ilab a Av


Battle of the Barges

means to support him. Captain Frazier and Spedden fired a few round shot at long distance, rowed about and run away; Captain Dashiell I believe never fired a shot, but kept at a distance of two hund’d yards astern of the Protector and run off before the other two; Captain Sam’l Hardy never fired a shot & run off nighly at the same time; Captain Brien never got up at all; and a six oared boat from Onancock never got up at all.

been taken from written statements that a number of the participants sent to the Governor of Maryland. Lt. Cropper’s statement was most damning ~ “The Commodore’s orders were for all the barges to keep up in line of battle, he said that he would bear down upon the strongest of the enemy, and told the other barges by all

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I do not believe they are Cowards, as to Dashiell I pronounce him a Coward, and as such I hope he will be treated…”

It is a painful task for Me who entertained an exceeding high opinion of some of the Captains, to speak so freely of them, but love for my country, and the justice due to the memory of the brave Commodore, and his brave crew, oblige Me to say that. (in my humble opinion) there never was before upon a like occasion so much cowardice exhibited. They may possibly have reasons for their conduct that I know nothing of; if any of them have, I hope they will forgive me.”

Captain Robert Dashiell’s defense was that ~ “No settled Plan of Attack was agreed upon. I had received orders formerly from Capt. Walley to bring up the rear whenever we should come to Action… The Magazine on board of Capt. Walley took fire a second time and blew up Midship. The Enemy immediately boarded and took Possession of this Barge. A few fires from their whole force were then directed against us within a few yards of the Enemy. Capt. Spedden

Capt. Levin Handy’s assessment was also blunt ~ “I am at a loss to know what to think of Frazier and Spedden: their behavior was exceedingly odd, tho’

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Battle of the Barges

and Spedden and that he had seen Capt. Dashiell retreating as fast as he could. Capt. Frazier wrote that he had received fire from the enemy, which he returned with all the guns that he could bear on them, and had received three cheers from the Protector, but that the wind had died out on him. Capt. Spedden stated that he was forced to retreat only after he lost his bow gun. However, Lt. Cropper also stated that Commodore Whaley had ordered that all the barges to keep up in a line of battle and support him, but that the Commodore had charged ahead against his advice, fearing to lose the advantage instead of waiting for backup from the other barges. Immediately after the explosions

returned their fire and retreated. Circumstances were such after the loss of Capt. Walley as to render it necessary to secure a retreat, which was accordingly done by each remaining Barge. The Enemy gave chase and pursued us to Hooper’s Straights, where they gave up the pursuit. Here we all joined and our Provisions being exhausted, men sickly, and badly cloathed, it was determined to come to this place. We then stood up the Bay and came to anchor that night at Cooke’s Point in the Mouth of Choptank River…” Capt. Frazier said he had backed up to be in line with the Commodore

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Battle of the Barges

I affirm on the word of a man that I did not hear the Orders given being at too great a distance & the men in Confusion but Expected as the men had their Oars out that we was to try to board the British Barge & try to save some of the Comodore’s men if possible that was blown Overboard. I saw our men Confused in rowing some giving way a Head & Others backing water I called to them & told them to give way all together & not to be so Confused and as for leaving my Station I never left It till we where Oblidged to make our retreat & all Sails Set. Then I went Aft & told the boy at the Helmn to let me have the Helmn as I thought I could Steer better myself & If Capt. Speddin wanted me forward I would gone at the first word. I am, Gentlemen Yr. Hble. Servt. tho’ in Disgrace. Zadok Botfield” 8.

on Protector and the deaths of the Commodore and many of his officers, Capt. Dashiell dashed some distance to the rear of the line as far from the enemy as he could get, never firing a shot and claiming that he was following orders: something that no one living corroborated. Lt. Botfield’s letter gives a firsthand account of the confusion after the explosions. “Annapolis, Saturday, Dec., 1782. Gentlemen As you have suspended me from officiating the duty of Lt. on board the Barge Fearnought, I think It a hard case that I have not had a hearing in my own defence, as there is so many false reports propogated to my prejudice, in respect of my Conduct on that day in the action with the British Barges, Sincerely was this. I was Stationed at the bow Gun a 6 lber. when we came into Action the first fire bursted, as much as Two feet of the uper part of the Muzzle blew of. I immediatly acquainted the Capt. of the Misfortune his answer was try her again my Answer was here is at It then and accordingly fired two rounds Shot & Two rounds Grape before the Comodore’s Barge had blew up and It’s said that I Contradicted his Orders when he gave Orders to board the British Barge then Nearly Along side the Comodore’s Barge.

The verdicts were that Lt. Botfield and Captains Frazier and Spedden were to be returned to service, but that Captain Dashiell be discharged from duty. It is not clear why Frances Massey took the unusual step of memorializing in stone her father’s service on the Terrible 81 years after the battle, except perhaps to state that he was her father and, despite any controversy, she was proud of him. After all, Lt. Haddaway had not been in command of Terrible and was not responsible for the actions of his 62

captain. But, that said, because Lt. Haddaway did not choose to give a statement then, nor is it known that he left any self-explanatory epitaphs on his tombstone, his t houghts about the battle are unknown.

Postscript: In 1975, a token was minted to commemorate the Bicentennial of the Maryland Naval Militia. It showed the f lagship Defence (which it mistakenly called the Defensive), which was a different vessel from the barge Defence. This medal was struck from metal from a cannon found in the Tred Avon River near Easton. Note: The statements about the bat tle f rom the several par ticipants were first published in the Baltimore Sun on July 25, 1845 and later in the Maryland Historical Magazine in 1909. James Dawson is the owner of Unicorn Bookshop in Trappe.

H.M. Krantz

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The Assault on James Jones by Hal Roth

Some crimes that occurred on Delmarva during the nineteenth century received widespread media attention and were headlined in newspapers from coast to coast. While the case of an assault on James Jones offers considerable intrigue and suggests the concealment of even more heinous crimes, it received little publicity, even on the local scene, but that was not unusual when the victim of the crime was black and the alleged perpetrators were white. The story begins with an erroneous headline, disproved by the text of the article itself: “A FIENDISH MURDER ~ A MAN KILLED FOR FEAR HE WOULD TELL OF A CRIME.� Denton Journal, November 30, 1878 ~ A crime was last week perpetrated near Townsend on the Queen Anne & Kent County R. R., which has thus far no equal. From the facts that can be ascertained, it appears that a short time ago, two daughters of a lady by the name of Dodson, living at Chestertown, Md., gave birth to illegitimate children, and in order to hide their shame, the children were murdered, and an old colored man by the name of James Jones was hired to bury or dispose of the bodies in some way. At the time he was hired, he was threatened that if he should ever divulge the secret, he would be killed. A short time ago he so far forgot himself as to tell the story of his crime to an old colored woman, who, in turn, soon spread the news around the neighborhood. On Tues-

day of last week he was on his way to Chestertown and was met by two men named Philip Vincent and W. Newcomb, who seized the old man and drove him to the residence of Mrs. Dodson. Arriving there, he was taken before Mrs. Dodson, who ordered him to be locked up in an outhouse, which was accordingly done. During the afternoon he was visited by the mother and two daughters, who informed him that if he would leave the state, nothing should happen to him, but if he persisted in remaining, they would kill him. The old man agreed to depart from the neighborhood, and late in the evening a team was got in readiness. Mrs. Dodson and the two men named above then drove off with the colored man. About midnight they arrived at 65

James Jones

I believe you will get well.” The wretched man drew a long breath and replied: “Mars doctor, I don’t believe I will.” Jones’ story in detail is perhaps the most remarkable contribution to the literature of crime that the last decade has furnished. And were it not for the two bullet wounds in his head and the sound of pistol shots that were heard by the people living near the spot where the deed was committed, it could scarcely be credited. The Dodson family, whose fearful skeleton has just been exposed, resides, as before, on a farm which John F. Dodson owns. The husband and father is a simple-minded, hardworking man who goes to church on Sunday with the same regularity that he goes to daily tasks at daylight on weekdays. There are four children that came from the union of a Cecil County girl to the Kent County farmer ~ two girls and two boys, the latter scarcely old enough to appreciate the terrible blow that has destroyed the reputation of a hitherto respected family and brought the charge of conspiracy to kill even to the door of the mother. The story of the buried babies, both said to be the children of Vincent, one each of the sisters, has been told, but it lacks confirmation in many particulars. In fact, it has no relation except the negro, James Jones, who repeats it with many asseverations of its truthfulness.

a dense woods near Vandyke’s Station, where they stopped, taking the colored man out of the wagon, tying him to a tree and informing him they were going to kill him. They then fired two shots at him, one taking effect in the forehead and the other in the back part of the neck. The men then jumped into the wagon and drove off, but after proceeding a short distance, they stopped and called the man in order to see if he was dead. Receiving no answer, they then drove home. In a short time the old colored man revived and succeeded in reaching the house of a colored family residing near Caldwell, to whom he related the circumstances of the crime. Constable Truman Rose, of Townsend, was sent for and took the statement of the dying man down in writing. The perpetrators of the crime have been arrested and lodged in the jail at Chestertown. Constable Rose visited Governor Cochran and procured a requisition on the Governor of Maryland for the parties named. James Jones, the victim of this extraordinary crime, remains at the house of the colored man at whose door [he appeared] bleeding and dying. Surgical care and attention have done much to counteract the effects of the wounds, and Dr. Tarbutton, holding his pulse this morning and looking into his face, said: “James, 66

birth is false. Dora protests that it is not true as relating to her, but she and her elder sister maintain that the man Jones has not been seen on the place since Monday of last week. [Mrs. Prettyman and Dora are the Dodson daughters.] Out of such a mass of contradictory stories, of which these are but a sample, there is no reason to doubt that Mrs. Dodson, the men Vincent and Newcomb, with their prisoner, made that fearful midnight journey that ended in the terrible scene near Vandyke Station. There is no room to doubt that, but there are two reasons given for the attempted murder of the negro: First, that having scandalized the family, the justly enraged mother and daughters demanded a

While proof is lacking in the particular of this black chapter of this very black history, it may not be set aside as untrue. Since the exposure on Wednesday night, little bits of scandal have leaked out about the Dodson… [This ends a column of newspaper text, but when we jump to the top line of the next column, it is clear that the typesetter has omitted part of the story.] …there been any movement in that direction, but she has disappeared from Kent County, and her simple-minded husband and less simple-minded daughters all declare that she has gone visiting, but just where they claim not to know. Mrs. Prettyman says that the story of a liaison and illegitimate

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James Jones

Jones now is and are well prepared to resist any attempt to take the wounded man away. Sam Townsend has provided Jones with quite a number of things needful to him in his present condition and has given him an order on a neighboring store for anything he may want.

terrible punishment. Second, that his stories having foundation in fact, they thought to silence him by murder. The last theory finds the most supporters. The young men are still in jail at Chestertown, making no replies to any question either by yer [sic] or nay, but being pressed hard, say: “We are not guilty. We can prove an alibi.” There were rumors current around Townsend that efforts would be made to kidnap Jones and thus get him out of the way and prevent his testifying against the accused men. To guard against such an event, a number of colored men remain constantly in the hut where

MRS. DODSON ARRESTED [Also dated November 30, 1878] ~ Since the last report there have been some developments of interest in the case of the attempted murder and infanticide in which the Dodson family and the young men Newcomb and Vincent played such conspicuous parts. Constable Truman Rose, of Delaware, arrived here at six o’clock this morning with


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a requisition for Vincent, Newcomb and Mrs. John F. Dodson. The former two had been in jail for several days past and were immediately conveyed to the [railroad] cars in charge of Constable Rose and assistant, to be carried to New Castle, Del., where the Court of Criminal Sessions is now sitting. Sheriff Davis, of the county, immediately upon receipt of the requisition for the body of Mrs. John F. Dodson, went to the residence of her husband and took her under arrest and brought her before a justice of the peace. Immediately afterwards he telegraphed to Constable Rose to meet him at Caldwell, a small village on the line between Kent County, Md. and New Castle County, Del. This will be remembered as near the place of the attempted murder. For this point he has already started and will surrender the prisoner [to] Delaware authorities. In justice to the authorities here, it should be said that they have displayed both willingness and capability to assist the Delaware authorities. When the first request for the arrest of Mrs. Dodson came by telegraph, it was signed by an officer of no greater importance than a constable, and the sheriff was loath to comply. He immediately wired the attorney general of Delaware to know if he would make the request, and, though he was in the locality named, he did not make the demand. Mr. Dodson and his attorney

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James Jones

more ruthlessly assailed and torn to shreds to be cast all over the land by sensational Bohemians of the press, whose business it is to pander to a vicious, corrupt and depraved taste, and yet the sufferers have no remedy, though their good name has been hopelessly destroyed. The Attorney General of the State of Delaware, John B. Pennington, Esq., came to Chestertown last Thursday evening and on Friday, accompanied by H. W. Vickers, Esq., our State’s Attorney, rode out to the vicinity to hunt up evidence for the prosecution, and we learn that he was successful in [the] search. Vincent and Newcomb, it is expected, will be tried this week. Mrs. Amelia Dodson, William Newcomb and Philip Vincent were arraigned under an indictment of an assault with intent to kill James Jones, colored. Mrs. Dodson was dressed in black, with no ornament upon her person. She and the “boys” appeared possesed [sic] and answered “not guilty” in firm and clear tones. Charles B. Lore and Geo. Gray appeared for the defense. John P. Pennington, Attorney General, will conduct the trial on the part of the State.

then assured the sheriff that when the request was legally made, Mrs. Dodson would be produced. At the same time it was his purpose to keep her away from reporters and interviewing, and it is now believed that she never left her husband’s house. The many reporters who endeavored to interview her and failed immediately gave it to the world that she had fled the state, that justice had been cheated of the principal in this crime through the indifference and contrivance of the authorities here. The negro will be produced by the authorities and asked to substantiate the charge of infanticide, which was perpetrated in this county, and should the charge be proven, none but Mrs. Prettyman and the two daughters could be indicted, unless the connivance of others can be shown, which Jones himself does not charge. The Chestertown Transcript, December 5, 1878 ~ The most dreadful, improbable and monstrous stories in reference to Mrs. Dodson and her two daughters are afloat in the community and, strange to say, find numbers of persons credulous enough to believe them; and the more wild, sensational and outrageously filthy in conception and detail, the more eagerly are they listened to and apparently believed. Never was the character of a family

Trials in the nineteenth century were generally conducted much more promptly than they are today, and obviously with a minimum of preparation. In this case, only twenty-two days intervened between the 70

combe. The error has been corrected in the transcription.] and Philip Vincent were placed in the dock, and a jury was impaneled. James Jones, the colored man wounded at the hands of the accused, as is alleged, was the first witness and appeared to have entirely recovered from his injuries. He testified to his residence at Dodson’s for nearly four years; [that he] went to Chestertown on Tuesday, November 18; [that] Mr. Dodson came after him, and he walked down the road with him and talked with him, and then he got in the carriage and returned to his house with him. During the afternoon he was tied by Newcomb and Vincent, whipped and put in the meat-house.

crime and its presentation to a jury. Special dispatch to the Baltimore Sun, December 10, 1878 ~ Though the opinions expressed by counsel on both sides yesterday were to the effect that a continuance until next term would be asked in the Dodson case, it was evident on the meeting of court this morning that the case would be taken up. Mrs. Dodson sat directly behind Messrs. Lore and Gray, counsel for the defense, inside the bar enclosure and in front of the dock were her daughters, Mrs. Alice Prettyman and Miss Dora Dodson. At 10:35, Mrs. Dodson, William Newcomb [Throughout this dispatch, Newcomb’s name is misspelled as New-

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James Jones

from the witness when he fired, and Vincent was right behind Newcomb. It was about twenty-five feet from the carriage. The next thing [Jones] knew, they were rolling him over and taking the ropes off. His hands were tied behind him, his feet tied, and a rope [had been tied] around his waist. Then they talked to him, but he did not answer. After taking the ropes off, Vincent, Newcomb and Mrs. Dodson got in the carriage and went back the way they came. [Jones knows] the point where the shooting took place was in Delaware, [but he] doesn’t know what county. After they had gone, [Jones] got up and went to a house near Vandyke Station. It was a cloudy night, [but he] didn’t remember that it rained. He described his hunt for assistance and how he finally reached the house of his brother-in-law, Andrew Cook. Jones was cross-examined at great length as to the particulars of the crime, his previous life, whether he had ever been in the locality of the crime or at his brother-in-law’s house before (which was answered in the negative), whether he had not once stolen a suit of clothes etc. Finally, Mr. Gray put a question as to what occurred between Mr. Dodson and the witness, tending to bring out the whole story as to the motive of the assault, to which Mr. Pennington objected that they were trying the prisoners for the assault

Mr. Gray urged the witness be allowed to tell his story without being led by questions from the attorney general, but the court ruled that the State had a right to put its own questions, and what the defense wished to bring out, they could do in their cross-examination. Witness was put in the meathouse, tied and kept there till 7 o’clock in the evening. Then he was taken out by Newcomb and Vincent and put in a carriage, and Mr. Dodson asked if he would promise ~ if they took him away from the state ~ never to come back. Vincent, Newcomb and Mrs. Dodson got in the carriage with him, and Mr. Dodson went on and opened the gate. They drove past Vandyke Station, when Newcomb asked Mrs. Dodson what to do, hang him or shoot him. She replied, “The quickest way.” [In the next several sentences there appear to be typesetting errors, words omitted and elements misplaced. For ease of reading I have ordered sentences as I believe they were intended and made what I consider to be obvious corrections.] [Jones] told Newcomb [that if he] let him go, he, [Jones], would [leave the area], but Newcomb said he came to kill him and was going to do it. Then he let go and witness [Jones] heard four shots, and one of the bullets struck him in the forehead. Newcomb was about three feet 72

or excuse for the assault. The court said: “You can make this man your witness afterward and bring out these facts then, but you cannot put questions in cross-examination as to something not brought out in the examination-in-chief.” [Three lines of the transcript are partially illegible at this point but appear to say that witnesses were examined who heard shots at the time and place where Jones claimed to have been shot and abandoned for dead, and his hat was placed in evidence with two apparent bullet holes in it.] Andrew Cook testified to Jones coming to his house wounded and bleeding shortly after midnight on November 19, and others told of

only and did not propose to go into all the side issues which led to the assault. A majority of the court ruled the question admissible. The witness said that Mr. Dodson told him to get in the carriage. The question was then asked whether Mr. Dodson did not say to him to go home with him and prove the tales that had been told. The witness hesitated, and finally asked: “Must I tell?” A long argument followed between counsel, Mr. Gray contending he had a right to bring out the motives that caused the whipping, and Mr. Pennington claiming that no matter what Jones might have said about the Dodson family, mere words were no justification

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James Jones

to tell no more lies about them. He then started, and they saw him last passing between the house and the smokehouse about seven o’clock. Vincent and Newcomb then came in and spent the night in the sitting room. About eleven o’clock the girls retired, leaving Vincent on the lounge and Newcomb in the rocking chair, where they remained until morning. Mrs. Dodson was also there and retired about the time the girls did. Mr. Dodson retired at eight o’clock. Dora corroborated Alice’s testimony, but the cross-examination developed some contradictions in minor points, such as the articles of clothing the boys wore, and one said they left together while the other said they left separately. Court adjourned about six o’clock. The Dodson boys will possibly be put on the stand tomorrow.

seeing him there and testified as to his wounds. George Gray, Esq. then opened for the defense, dwelling on the excellent character of the defendants and the bad reputation of Jones for veracity. The defense would show, he said, that Jones was turned out of the meat house early that evening under promise to leave the state and never return and repeat his lies about members of the family, and they would show that Vincent and Newcomb were at the Dodson house during the entire evening and spent the night there. The defense will therefore rely mainly on an alibi, the good character of the defendants and the bad character of Jones. The Dodson girls were then placed upon the stand to prove the alibi. Mrs. Prettyman (Alice) testified that her father and Vincent went to Chestertown and returned about twelve o’clock with Jones. He was then taken into the branch and ordered to dig, and he failed to find the things he said were buried there. He then confessed that all the tales he had told about them were lies. They asked him what should be done with him, and he said he would rather be whipped than sent away. Vincent and Newcomb then whipped him and locked him in the smokehouse, where he remained until evening, when he was led out, promising to go away and never come back, and

New Castle, Delaware, December 11 ~ The trial of Mrs. Dodson, William Newcomb and Philip Vincent for assault with intent to murder James Jones was resumed this morning. The two Dodson boys were put on the stand and corroborated the alibi testified to yesterday by their sisters. A long array of witnesses, among them some of the best men in Cecil and Kent Counties, were then called, who testified to the good reputation of the prisoners and the mendacious character of Jones, most of them saying that 74

they would not believe him on his oath. The afternoon was mainly occupied by argument of counsel on both sides. Chief Justice Comegys then charged the jury, decidedly unfavorably to the prisoners, and at 7:40 this evening they retired to deliberate upon their verdict. After forty minutes’ deliberation the jury rendered a verdict of not guilty, which was received with slight applause, promptly checked by the Court.

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I conducted a search of newspapers available to me from 1878 to 1920 for any additional news involving the participants in this case and found only a single, small clipping. Some might smile and say, “What goes around, comes around.” Denton Journal, January 21, 1899 ~ Governor Lowndes has fixed Friday, March 24, as the day for the execution of Joseph Wright, convicted at the May (1898) term of the Circuit Court for Talbot County for the murder of William Newcomb. The case was moved from Kent County.

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Alan Thorndike: From Puget Sound to Oxford, By Way of Ancient Greece by Michael Valliant

Not every physicist can build furniture. Alan Thorndike, a career physics professor at University of Puget Sound, combines a keen interest in how things work with a love and skill at working in the shop. Now living in Oxford with his wife Louise, Thorndike spends about eight hours a day in his shop, building everything from the exquisite furniture in his house, to pirate ship parts and toys for grandchildren, to working clocks. He once helped build a model of an 2,200 year-old Greek astronomical device, a marvel of the ancient world, found after being shipwrecked for 1,800 years. Thorndike was raised on the south shore of Long Island by a family of physicists. “My father was a high energy physicist; my mother’s father was a physics professor,” Thorndike said. “We lived in a community which was largely physicists ~ I thought they were all crazy. I didn’t want to have anything to do with it.” He eventually reconsidered and went to Wesleyan University, also a family tradition, and then went on to get his PhD in geophysics from

Alan with the model of the Antikythera mechanism, an ancient Greek analogue computer, that he constructed. Photo by Ross Mulhausen University of Washington, where he studied the effects of the motion of sea ice on the climate. “The Arctic Ocean is covered with ice, which is only a few feet thick. The ice moves around and gets thicker and thinner and affects habitat for marine life, affects climate in the northern regions; af77

Alan Thorndike

Greek analogue computer, which was used to predict astronomical positions. Smithsonian Magazine called it the world’s first computer. In 1901, a shipwreck was found near the island of Antikythera, Greece. Among the wreckage were fragments of gears and wood that dated back to the end of the second century B.C. The wreck occurred about 100 AD, meaning the mechanism sat on the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea for 1,800 years. Scientists and archeologists began to piece the device together and were blown away: it was the most sophisticated mechanism recovered from the ancient world. Writing for The Washington Post, Sarah Kaplan described it this way: “In its prime, about 2,100 years ago, the Antikythera Mechanism was a complex, whirling, clockwork instrument comprising at least 30 bronze gears bearing thousands of interlocking tiny teeth. Powered by a single hand crank, the machine modeled the passage of time and the movements of celestial bodies with astonishing precision.” Evans was interested in Greek as-

fects transportation and recreation. People live there. It has been recognized for about a century or so as being an important part of the climate system.” Thorndike found a job teaching undergraduate physics at the University of Puget Sound, where he taught from 1983 to 2012. Puget Sound, like Long Island, was great for sailing, and Thorndike sailed a 41-foot Cheoy Lee ketch, aboard which he often hosted groups of students. One of Thorndike’s friends and colleagues was Dr. Jim Evans. Evans introduced Thorndike to the Antikythera Mechanism, an ancient


tronomy and convinced Thorndike to help him check out some ideas he had about the mechanism. In particular, he thought it may have predicted the position and properties of planets as well as the sun, the earth and the moon. To find out, they decided to build a model of it. “A guy at Yale published an account about how the various gears must have been put together in order to do this fantastic job of predicting the motion of the planets,” Thorndike said. “One thing that was curious about his idea is that there was one gear left over that he didn’t have any use for. It’s like when you drive away from your parking place and you see a few bolts on the pavement, you wonder what’s going on.

“So there was one gear with 63 teeth. Now, you don’t make gears


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Alan Thorndike

iwork in the shop was a huge help. “Christian Carman, a colleague from Argentina who visited us for a few months in Tacoma, and I enjoyed working with him on possible reconstructions of the Antikythera Mechanism,” Evans said. “Alan’s skill in the machine shop and with all things related to gears and gearing kept us from going astray on many occasions.” Working on the Antikythera Mechanism stirred Thorndike’s interest in building clocks from

with 63 teeth unless you really need one. And what my colleague Jim Evans showed was that if you took a view of the device as being one that took account of the planets as well as the sun and the earth and the moon, in order to account for the planets, you needed a gear with 63 teeth.” After building the model, Evans and Thorndike were able to get it to work the way they thought it might. Evans knows that Thorndike’s hand-

Alan Thorndike at an optical bench, while teaching a laboratory class in optics. ~ Photo by Ross Mulhausen 80

was always teaching me something new. He has a wide knowledge of many branches of physics, from ice physics to quantum mechanics, combined with a love of the handson doing of science,” Evans said. “As a teacher, he was inspiring ~ very challenging intellectually, but always supportive and helpful. He also has a deep knowledge and appreciation of the history of physics, which is something relatively rare among practicing physicists. He was a skilled wood-worker and a ferocious long-distance bike rider.”

scratch, grinding and building the gears, parts, and body. He’s got one of his clocks hanging in his house to go along with the furniture that he also built ~ from table and chairs to cabinets and more. From the shoreline to his porch, he has created a device for measuring and recording the tide changes. If you don’t find Thorndike in his shop, you are likely to find him on Oxford Road, riding his bike: he tries to hit 100 miles per week and has put 11,000 miles on his bike in the past two years. As Evans describes Thorndike at University of Puget Sound, it doesn’t seem that much has changed. “Alan was a great colleague who

Michael Valliant is the Assistant for Adult Education and Newcomers Ministry at Christ Church Easton. He has worked for nonprofit organizations throughout Talbot County, including the Oxford Community Center, Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, and Academy Art Museum. Echoing writer Jim Harrison, he hopes to be astonished tomorrow by he doesn’t know what.

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by K. Marc Teffeau, Ph.D.

Keeping Green Inside waiting for spring. We can still experience “green,” however, by having houseplants. Since the light duration and intensity are less in the house during the winter months, most of the f lowering houseplants reduce their f loral display unless you provide them with supplemental lighting. If you have rooms in the home with low to medium natural light levels, there are still foliage houseplants that will thrive in that environment and do not need supplemental lighting.

Wow! It is hard to believe that we are moving into a new year already. I hope that everyone had a successful gardening year in 2017, even with all the challenges. By now, hopefully, the presents and holiday decorations have been put away, and the Christmas lights are down. Linda and I live in a development that has an HOA (Homeowners Association), and they are pretty strict about how soon after the holidays the outside lights and decorations must come down. I guess that is good. There have been times when driving around, I have seen Christmas lights still up in July. It doesn’t matter if it is the Eastern Shore or Georgia. I guess those homeowners turn them on to celebrate Easter, Mother’s Day, July 4th, and Labor Day. The good news in January is that we have passed the winter solstice and the daylight is starting to get longer. Unfortunately, we still are cooped up in the house

Chinese evergreen (Aglaonema) 83

Tidewater Gardening

sunlight. Easy to grow, this plant only requires watering when the top inch of soil in the pot is dry to the touch. Do not overwater, and make sure that the pot has adequate drainage. One caution for the Chinese evergreen is to keep this plant out of reach of children and pets, as all its plant parts can cause throat burn if ingested.

One easy-to-grow, low light level house plant is the Chinese evergreen (Aglaonema). It is a popular foliage plant that comes from the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. Most foliage houseplants are tropical, and this one will have solid green or variegated leaves, depending on the cultivar.

I find that the variegated foliage adds a lot to the plant’s visual impact in the home interior. The variegation can be found in shades of gray, light green or silver. It can grow to be a large houseplant, depending on care and feeding and location in the home. Chinese evergreen has long, narrow leaves that can grow up to two feet in length. The overall plant can grow to be three feet wide and just as tall, so you need to place this plant in a room where it will have plenty of space. The Chinese evergreen’s temperature preference is between 68 and 77 degrees. Keep it away from hot air vents and direct

Another tough houseplant that does not require a lot of light and care is the cast iron plant (Aspidistra elatior). Aptly named, this plant can tolerate neglect, which is good if you tend to forget about taking care of houseplants during the winter. Cast iron plant has been around and used as a houseplant since Victorian times, often found in dimly lit parlors. In the South it can be used as an outdoor landscape plant in shade gardens. One point of interest is 84


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Tidewater Gardening that cast iron plants are members of the lily family and are native to the forests of eastern Asia. Cast iron plants are kind of the “plain Janes” of the foliage world. The leaves look like corn stalks and can grow to 20 inches long. They are leathery and dark green in appearance. The plant is a slow grower and does flower, but the purple-brown flowers grow at pot level and normally aren’t noticed because they are hidden by the foliage. Improved cultivars of the basic green plant have white or yellow stripes the length of the leaves. At maturity the plant is about 24 inches in height and width.

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Tidewater Gardening Cast iron plants do well if you put them outside for the summer, as this is when they generate the most growth.

Many home gardeners are familiar with the rubber plant (Ficus elastica), a.k.a. the India rubber tree or fig. Another native to Southeast Asia, the rubber plant can grow very large in the right conditions, reaching 10 feet high and two to three feet wide. From an interior decorating perspective, this plant does well in a large, open room. A versatile plant, it can grow in full sun or low light conditions and can tolerate warm rooms. Most cultivars have thick, glossy, dark green leathery leaves, with a few cultivars having red-colored leaves. The sticky white sap may irritate the skin or stomach if ingested, so always wash hands immediately after touching the sap. A very common houseplant that has nice foliage and produces an interesting flower is the peace lily

(Spathiphyllum). It is also known as “spathe,� from its botanical name. It is an easy houseplant to grow and has few pests or diseases. It will grow under a variety of light and temperature conditions in the house and is one of the few houseplants to bloom in low light. It is not a true lily but is more closely related to anthuriums. It is native to the tropical regions of the Americas and Southeast Asia and does best in rooms with warm temperatures and humidity. Spathe is great plant for a bathroom with a window or in the kitchen somewhere near the sink. If the plant is not exposed to the right amount of humidity, its leaf edges and tips may turn brown. Placing the plant near a humidi88

Peace lily leaves are long, narrow, and dull to shiny green. Depending on the cultivar, they can grow from a “petite” six inches up to three feet. Peace lilies are a very popular houseplant and are sold in many retail locations, including grocery stores. Many people recognize the plant from its white, leaf like f lower. Technically, this “f lower” consists of an outer white shell, or spathe,”and an inner white f lower cluster stalk, or spadix. The f lowers are two to four inches or longer and are borne on a green stalk about 18 to 24 inches high. The f lower will last several weeks, and then you can cut the green f lower stem off at the base of the plant.

fier or on a tray of pebbles with water will help it stay moist in an otherwise dry room. You can let the plant dry out, and it revives nicely with watering. Don’t let it sit in water too long or become waterlogged, as this will lead to wilting and root rot. If some of the leaves turn yellow because of lack of watering, just cut them off at the base. As the plant ages, it will also produce yellow leaves, so cut them off, too. The peace lily prefers bright, indirect or filtered light but will survive in low light. Interior temperature-wise, they do well between 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and up to 10 degrees cooler at night.

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Overfertilizing may cause brown leaf spots and no flowering. Another foliage houseplant to consider is the Rex begonia. Somewhat more difficult to grow than the other plants mentioned, it is still worth the effort because of its beautiful foliage, bumpy or smooth leaf surfaces, and spiral-shaped form. Generally, Rex begonias need more than 50 percent relative humidity to thrive. This can be hard to achieve in homes with forced air heat during the winter. The coarse-textured leaves are colorful and variegated, exhibiting silver, cream and burgundy colors in streaks and splashes. As a rule of thumb, plants with variegated foliage need more light than plants with solid green leaves. More light exposure leads to greater variegation. However,

The plant gets its common name “peace lily” because these white f lowers resemble the white f lag of peace. As you have probably noticed, the plant is found at funerals because of its white f lowers. The plant will f lower in low light conditions, but if the light is too limited, it will not f lower. If this happens, move the plant to a location with more light. Peace lilies require very little fertilizer, maybe once or twice a year. Apply the fertilizer when the plant is showing new growth or flowering. If the white flower on your plant looks green instead, it means that the plant is being fed too much.

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planting container on a tray filled with decorative pebbles or gravel and covered in water. As the water evaporates from the surface of the pebbles, it will create a microclimate with the needed humidity. Running a humidifier in the room is another option. Don’t overwater Rex begonias. The top of the soil in the pot should just begin to dry out before watering again Happy Gardening!

even though plants with variegated leaves need more light, their light exposure requirements are much less than is required by most flowering plants. Morning or late afternoon filtered sunlight is sufficient for these Rex begonias. They also need temperatures higher than 60 degrees, and thrive in temperatures around 70 degrees during the day. Compared to other types of begonias, Rex begonias do flower, but the flowers are usually not very pronounced. Since Rex begonias require extra humidity around the leaves, the easiest way to achieve this condition, again, is to place the

Marc Teffeau retired as Director of Research and Regulatory Affairs at the American Nursery and Landscape Association in Washington, D.C. He now lives in Georgia with his wife, Linda.

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Dorchester Points of Interest

Dorchester County is known as the Heart of the Chesapeake. It is rich in Chesapeake Bay history, folklore and tradition. With 1,700 miles of shoreline (more than any other Maryland county), marshlands, working boats, quaint waterfront towns and villages among fertile farm fields – much still exists of what is the authentic Eastern Shore landscape and traditional way of life along the Chesapeake. FREDERICK C. MALKUS MEMORIAL BRIDGE is the gateway to Dorchester County over the Choptank River. It is the second longest span 95

Dorchester Points of Interest bridge in Maryland after the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. A life-long resident of Dorchester County, Senator Malkus served in the Maryland State Senate from 1951 through 1994. Next to the Malkus Bridge is the 1933 Emerson C. Harrington Bridge. This bridge was replaced by the Malkus Bridge in 1987. Remains of the 1933 bridge are used as fishing piers on both the north and south bank of the river. HERITAGE MUSEUMS and GARDENS of DORCHESTER - Home of the Dorchester County Historical Society, Heritage Museum offers a range of local history and gardens on its grounds. The Meredith House, a 1760’s Georgian home, features artifacts and exhibits on the seven Maryland governors associated with the county; a child’s room containing antique dolls and toys; and other period displays. The Neild Museum houses a broad collection of agricultural, maritime, industrial, and Native American artifacts, including a McCormick reaper (invented by Cyrus McCormick in 1831). The Ron Rue exhibit pays tribute to a talented local decoy carver with a re-creation of his workshop. The Goldsborough Stable, circa 1790, includes a sulky, pony cart, horse-driven sleighs, and tools of the woodworker, wheelwright, and blacksmith. For more info. tel: 410-228-7953 or visit dorchesterhistory.org.

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DORCHESTER COUNTY VISITOR CENTER - The Visitors Center in Cambridge is a major entry point to the lower Eastern Shore, positioned just off U.S. Route 50 along the shore of the Choptank River. With its 100foot sail canopy, it’s also a landmark. In addition to travel information and exhibits on the heritage of the area, there’s also a large playground, garden, boardwalk, restrooms, vending machines, and more. The Visitors Center is open daily from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. For more information about Dorchester County call 410-228-1000 or visit www.visitdorchester.org or www.tourchesapeakecountry.com. SAILWINDS PARK - Located at 202 Byrn St., Cambridge, Sailwinds Park has been the site for popular events such as the Seafood Feast-I-Val in August and the Grand National Waterfowl Hunt’s Grandtastic Jamboree in November. For more info. tel: 410-228-SAIL(7245) or visit www. sailwindscambridge.com. CAMBRIDGE CREEK - A tributary of the Choptank River, runs through the heart of Cambridge. Located along the creek are restaurants where you can watch watermen dock their boats after a day’s work on the waterways of Dorchester. HISTORIC HIGH STREET IN CAMBRIDGE - When James Michener was doing research for his novel Chesapeake, he reportedly called Cambridge’s High Street one of the most beautiful streets in America. He modeled his fictional city Patamoke after Cambridge. Many of the gracious homes on High Street date from the 1700s and 1800s. Today you can join a historic walking tour of High Street each Saturday at 11 a.m., April through October (weather permitting). For more info. tel: 410-901-1000. High Street is also known as one of the most haunted streets in Maryland. join a Chesapeake Ghost Walk to hear the stories. Find out more at www. chesapeakeghostwalks.com. SKIPJACK NATHAN OF DORCHESTER - Sail aboard the authentic skipjack Nathan of Dorchester, offering heritage cruises on the Choptank River. The Nathan is docked at Long Wharf in Cambridge. Dredge for oysters and hear the stories of the working waterman’s way of life. For more info. and schedules tel: 410-228-7141 or visit www.skipjack-nathan.org. CHOPTANK RIVER LIGHTHOUSE REPLICA - The replica of a six-sided screwpile lighthouse includes a small museum with exhibits about the original lighthouse’s history and the area’s maritime heritage. The lighthouse, located on Pier A at Long Wharf Park in Cambridge, is open daily, May through October, and by appointment, November through April; call 410-463-2653. For more info. visit www.choptankriverlighthouse.org. DORCHESTER CENTER FOR THE ARTS - Located at 321 High 97

Dorchester Points of Interest Street in Cambridge, the Center offers monthly gallery exhibits and shows, extensive art classes, and special events, as well as an artisans’ gift shop with an array of items created by local and regional artists. For more info. tel: 410-228-7782 or visit www.dorchesterarts.org. RICHARDSON MARITIME MUSEUM - Located at 401 High St., Cambridge, the Museum makes history come alive for visitors in the form of exquisite models of traditional Bay boats. The Museum also offers a collection of boatbuilders’ tools and watermen’s artifacts that convey an understanding of how the boats were constructed and the history of their use. The Museum’s Ruark Boatworks facility, located on Maryland Ave., is passing on the knowledge and skills of area boatwrights to volunteers and visitors alike. Watch boatbuilding and restoration in action. For more info. tel: 410-221-1871 or visit www.richardsonmuseum.org. HARRIET TUBMAN MUSEUM & EDUCATIONAL CENTER - The Museum and Educational Center is developing programs to preserve the history and memory of Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad. The museum is open Tuesday through Saturday. Local tours by appointment are available. The Museum and Educational Center, located at 424

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Race St., Cambridge, is one of the stops on the “Finding a Way to Freedom” self-guided driving tour. For more info. tel: 410-228-0401 or visit www. harriettubmanorganization.org. SPOCOTT WINDMILL - Since 1972, Dorchester County has had a fully operating English style post windmill that was expertly crafted by the late master shipbuilder, James B. Richardson. There has been a succession of windmills at this location dating back to the late 1700’s. The complex also includes an 1800 tenant house, one-room school, blacksmith shop, and country store museum. The windmill is located at 1625 Hudson Rd., Cambridge. For more info. visit www.spocottwindmill.org. HORN POINT LABORATORY - The Horn Point Laboratory offers public tours of this world-class scientific research laboratory, which is affiliated with the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science. The 90-minute walking tour shows how scientists are conducting research to restore the Chesapeake Bay. Horn Point Laboratory is located at 2020 Horns Point Rd., Cambridge, on the banks of the Choptank River. For more info. and tour schedule tel: 410-228-8200 or visit www.umces.edu/hpl. THE STANLEY INSTITUTE - This 19th century one-room African American schoolhouse, dating back to 1865, is one of the oldest Maryland schools to be organized and maintained by a black community. Between

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Dorchester Points of Interest 1867 and 1962, the youth in the African-American community of Christ Rock attended this school, which is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Tours available by appointment. The Stanley Institute is located at the intersection of Route 16 West & Bayly Rd., Cambridge. For more info. tel: 410-228-6657. OLD TRINITY CHURCH in Church Creek was built in the 17th century and perfectly restored in the 1950s. This tiny architectural gem continues to house an active congregation of the Episcopal Church. The old graveyard around the church contains the graves of the veterans of the American Revolution, the War of 1812, and the American Civil War. This part of the cemetery also includes the grave of Maryland’s Governor Carroll and his daughter Anna Ella Carroll who was an advisor to Abraham Lincoln. The date of the oldest burial is not known because the wooden markers common in the 17th century have disappeared. For more info. tel: 410-228-2940 or visit www.oldtrinity.net. BUCKTOWN VILLAGE STORE - Visit the site where Harriet Tubman received a blow to her head that fractured her skull. From this injury Harriet believed God gave her the vision and directions that inspired her to guide so many to freedom. Artifacts include the actual newspaper ad offering a reward for Harriet’s capture. Historical tours, bicycle, canoe and kayak rentals are available. Open upon request. The Bucktown Village Store is located at 4303 Bucktown Rd., Cambridge. For more info. tel: 410-901-9255. HARRIET TUBMAN BIRTHPLACE - “The Moses of her People,” Harriet Tubman was believed to have been born on the Brodess Plantation in Bucktown. There are no Tubman-era buildings remaining at the site, which today is a farm. Recent archeological work at this site has been inconclusive, and the investigation is continuing, although there is some evidence that points to Madison as a possible birthplace. HARRIET TUBMAN VISITOR CENTER - Located adjacent to the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Visitor Center immerses visitors in Tubman’s world through informative, evocative and emotive exhibits. The immersive displays show how the landscape of the Choptank River region shaped her early years and the importance of her faith, family and community. The exhibits also feature information about Tubman’s life beginning with her childhood in Maryland, her emancipation from slavery, her time as a conductor on the Underground Railroad and her continuous advocacy for justice. For more info. visit dnr2. maryland.gov/publiclands/Pages/eastern/tubman_visitorcenter.aspx. 100


Dorchester Points of Interest BLACKWATER NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE - Located 12 miles south of Cambridge at 2145 Key Wallace Dr. With more than 25,000 acres of tidal marshland, it is an important stop along the Atlantic Flyway. Blackwater is currently home to the largest remaining natural population of endangered Delmarva fox squirrels and the largest breeding population of American bald eagles on the East Coast, north of Florida. There is a full service Visitor Center and a four-mile Wildlife Drive, walking trails and water trails. For more info. tel: 410-228-2677 or visit www.fws.gov/blackwater. EAST NEW MARKET - Originally settled in 1660, the entire town is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Follow a self-guided walking tour to see the district that contains almost all the residences of the original founders and offers excellent examples of colonial architecture. For more info. visit http://eastnewmarket.us. HURLOCK TRAIN STATION - Incorporated in 1892, Hurlock ranks as the second largest town in Dorchester County. It began from a Dorchester/Delaware Railroad station built in 1867. The Old Train Station has been restored and is host to occasional train excursions. For more info. tel: 410-943-4181. VIENNA HERITAGE MUSEUM - The museum displays the last surviving mother-of-pearl button manufacturing operation in the country, as well as artifacts of local history. The museum is located at 303 Race, St., Vienna. For more info. tel: 410-943-1212 or visit www.viennamd.org. LAYTON’S CHANCE VINEYARD & WINERY - This small farm winery, minutes from historic Vienna at 4225 New Bridge Rd., offers daily tours of the winemaking operation. The family-oriented Layton’s also hosts a range of events, from a harvest festival to karaoke happy hour to concerts. For more info. tel. 410-228-1205 or visit www.laytonschance.com. HANDSELL HISTORIC SITE - Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008, the site is used to interpret the native American contact period with the English, the slave and later African American story and the life of all those who lived at Handsell. The grounds are open daily from dawn to dusk. Visitors can view the exterior of the circa 1770/1837 brick house, currently undergoing preservation work. Nearby is the Chicone Village, a replica single-family dwelling complex of the Native People who once inhabited the site. Special living history events are held several times a year. Located at 4837 Indiantown Road, Vienna. For more info. tel: 410228-745 or visit www.restorehandsell.org. 102

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Easton Points of Interest Historic Downtown Easton is the county seat of Talbot County. Established around early religious settlements and a court of law, today the historic district of Easton is a centerpiece of fine specialty shops, business and cultural activities, unique restaurants and architectural fascination. Tree-lined streets are graced with various period structures and remarkable homes, carefully preserved or restored. Because of its historical significance, Easton has earned distinction as the “Colonial Capital of the Eastern Shore” and was honored as #8 in the book, “The 100 Best Small Towns in America.” Walking Tour of Downtown Easton Start near the corner of Harrison Street and Mill Place. 1. HISTORIC TIDEWATER INN - 101 E. Dover St. A completely modern hotel built in 1949, it was enlarged in 1953 and has recently undergone extensive renovations. It is the “Pride of the Eastern Shore.” 2. THE BULLITT HOUSE - 108 E. Dover St. One of Easton’s oldest and most beautiful homes, it was built in 1801. It is now occupied by the Mid-Shore Community Foundation. 3. AVALON THEATRE - 42 E. Dover St. Constructed in 1921 during the heyday of silent films and vaudeville entertainment. Over the course of its history, it has been the scene of three world premiers, including “The First Kiss,” starring Fay Wray and Gary Cooper, in 1928. The theater has gone through two major restorations: the first in 1936, when it was refinished in an art deco theme by the Schine Theater chain, and again 52 years later, when it was converted to a performing arts and community center. For more info. tel: 410-822-0345 or visit avalontheatre.com. 4. TALBOT COUNTY VISITORS CENTER - 11 S. Harrison St. The Office of Tourism provides visitors with county information for historic Easton and the waterfront villages of Oxford, St. Michaels and Tilghman Island. For more info. tel: 410-770-8000 or visit tourtalbot.org. 5. BARTLETT PEAR INN - 28 S. Harrison St. Significant for its architecture, it was built by Benjamin Stevens in 1790 and is one of Easton’s earliest three-bay brick buildings. The home was “modernized” with Victorian bay windows on the right side in the 1890s. 6. WATERFOWL BUILDING - 40 S. Harrison St. The old armory is 105

Easton Points of Interest now the headquarters of the Waterfowl Festival, Easton’s annual celebration of migratory birds and the hunting season, the second weekend in November. For more info. tel: 410-822-4567 or visit waterfowlfestival.org. 7. ACADEMY ART MUSEUM - 106 South St. Accredited by the American Alliance of Museums, the Academy Art Museum is a fine art museum founded in 1958. Providing national and regional exhibitions, performances, educational programs, and visual and performing arts classes for adults and children, the Museum also offers a vibrant concert and lecture series and seasonal events. The Museum’s permanent collection consists of works on paper and contemporary works by American and European masters. Mon. through Thurs. 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. Friday, Saturday, Sunday 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. First Friday of each month open until 7 p.m. For more info. tel: (410) 822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org. 8. CHRIST CHURCH - St. Peter’s Parish, 111 South Harrison St. Founded in 1692, the Parish’s church building is one of the many historic landmarks of downtown Easton. The current building was erected in the early 1840’s of Port Deposit granite and an addition on the south end was completed in 1874. Since that time there have been many improve-

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Easton Points of Interest ments and updates, but none as extensive as the restoration project which began in September 2014. For service times contact 410-822-2677 or christchurcheaston.org. 9. TALBOT HISTORICAL SOCIET Y - Located in the heart of Easton’s historic district. Enjoy an evocative portrait of everyday life during earlier times when visiting the c. 18th and 19th century historic houses, all of which surround a Federal-style garden. For more info. tel: 410822-0773 or visit hstc.org. Tharpe Antiques and Decorative Arts is now located at 25 S. Washington St. Consignments accepted by appointment, please call 410-820-7525. Proceeds support the Talbot Historical Society. 10. ODD FELLOWS LODGE - At the corner of Washington and Dover streets stands a building with secrets. It was constructed in 1879 as the meeting hall for the Odd Fellows. Carved into the stone and placed into the stained glass are images and symbols that have meaning only for members. See if you can find the dove, linked rings and other symbols. 11. TALBOT COUNTY COURTHOUSE - Long known as the “East Capital” of Maryland. The present building was completed in 1794 on the site of the earlier one built in 1711. It has been remodeled several times.


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Easton Points of Interest 11A. FREDERICK DOUGLASS STATUE - 11 N. Washington St. on the lawn of the Talbot County Courthouse. The statue honors Frederick Douglass in his birthplace, Talbot County, where the experiences in his youth ~ both positive and negative ~ helped form his character, intellect and determination. Also on the grounds is a memorial to the veterans who fought and died in the Vietnam War, and a monument “To the Talbot Boys,” commemorating the men from Talbot who fought for the Confederacy. The memorial for the Union soldiers was never built. 12. SHANNAHAN & WRIGHTSON HARDWARE BUILDING 12 N. Washington St. It is the oldest store in Easton. In 1791, Owen Kennard began work on a new brick building that changed hands several times throughout the years. Dates on the building show when additions were made in 1877, 1881 and 1889. The present front was completed in time for a grand opening on Dec. 7, 1941 - Pearl Harbor Day. 13. THE BRICK HOTEL - northwest corner of Washington and Federal streets. Built in 1812, it became the Eastern Shore’s leading hostelry. When court was in session, plaintiffs, defendants and lawyers all came to town and shared rooms in hotels such as this. Frederick

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Douglass stayed in the Brick Hotel when he came back after the Civil War and gave a speech in the courthouse. It is now an office building. 14. THOMAS PERRIN SMITH HOUSE - 119 N. Washington St. Built in 1803, it was the early home of the newspaper from which the Star-Democrat grew. In 1911, the building was acquired by the Chesapeake Bay Yacht Club, which occupies it today. 15. ART DECO STORES - 13-25 Goldsborough Street. Although much of Easton looks Colonial or Victorian, the 20th century had its inf luences as well. This row of stores has distinctive 1920s-era white trim at the roofline. It is rumored that there was a speakeasy here during Prohibition. 16. FIRST MASONIC GR AND LODGE - 23 N. Harrison Street. The records of Coats Lodge of Masons in Easton show that five Masonic Lodges met in Talbot Court House (as Easton was then called) on July 31, 1783 to form the first Grand Lodge of Masons in Maryland. Although the building where they first met is gone, a plaque marks the spot today. This completes your walking tour. 17. FOXLEY HALL - 24 N. Aurora St., Built about 1795, Foxley Hall is one of the best-known of Easton’s Federal dwellings. Former home of Oswald Tilghman, great-grandson of Lt. Col. Tench Tilghman. (Private)

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Easton Points of Interest 18. TRINITY EPISCOPAL CATHEDR AL - On “Cathedral Green,” Goldsborough St., a traditional Gothic design in granite. The interior is well worth a visit. All windows are stained glass, picturing New Testament scenes, and the altar cross of Greek type is unique. For more info. tel: 410-822-1931 or visit trinitycathedraleaston.com. 19. INN AT 202 DOVER - Built in 1874, this Victorian-era mansion ref lects many architectural styles. For years the building was known as the Wrightson House, thanks to its early 20th century owner, Charles T. Wrightson, one of the founders of the S. & W. canned food empire. Locally it is still referred to as Captain’s Watch due to its prominent balustraded widow’s walk. The Inn’s renovation in 2006 was acknowledged by the Maryland Historic Trust and the U.S. Dept. of the Interior. 20. TALBOT COUNTY FREE LIBRARY - Housed in an attractively remodeled building on West Street, the hours of operation are Mon. and Thurs., 9 a.m. to 8 p.m., Tues. and Wed. 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. and Fri. and Sat., 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcf l.org. 21. MEMORIAL HOSPITAL AT EASTON - Established in the early 1900s, now one of the finest hospitals on the Eastern Shore. Memorial

1 North Harrison St., Easton 410-819-0657 112

Hospital is part of the Shore Health System. shorehealth.org. 22. THIRD HAVEN FRIENDS MEETING HOUSE (Quaker). Built 1682-84, this is the earliest documented building in MD and probably the oldest Quaker Meeting House in the U.S. William Penn and many other historical figures have worshiped here. In continuous use since it was built, today it is still home to an active Friends’ community. Visitors welcome; group tours available on request. thirdhaven.org. 23. TALBOT COMMUNITY CENTER - The year-round activities offered at the community center range from ice hockey to figure skating, aerobics and curling. The Center is also host to many events throughout the year, such as antique, craft, boating and sportsman shows. Near Easton 24. PICKERING CREEK - 400-acre farm and science education center featuring 100 acres of forest, a mile of shoreline, nature trails, low-ropes challenge course and canoe launch. Trails are open seven days a week from dawn till dusk. Canoes are free for members. For more info. tel: 410-822-4903 or visit pickeringcreek.org. 25. W YE GRIST MILL - The oldest working mill in Maryland (ca. 1682), the f lour-producing “grist” mill has been lovingly preserved by


Easton Points of Interest The Friends of Wye Mill, and grinds f lour to this day using two massive grindstones powered by a 26 horsepower overshot waterwheel. For more info. visit oldwyemill.org. 26. W YE ISL A ND NATUR AL RESOURCE MA NAGEMENT AREA - Located between the Wye River and the Wye East River, the area provides habitat for waterfowl and native wildlife. There are 6 miles of trails that provide opportunities for hiking, birding and wildlife viewing. For more info. visit dnr.state.md.us/publiclands/eastern/wyeisland.asp. 27. OLD WYE CHURCH - Old Wye Church is one of the oldest active Anglican Communion parishes in Talbot County. Wye Chapel was built between 1718 and 1721 and opened for worship on October 18, 1721. For more info. visit wyeparish.org. 28. WHITE MARSH CHURCH - The original structure was built before 1690. Early 18th century rector was the Reverend Daniel Maynadier. A later provincial rector (1764–1768), the Reverend Thomas Bacon, compiled “Bacon’s Laws,” authoritative compendium of Colonial Statutes. Robert Morris, Sr., father of Revolutionary financier is buried here.

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On the broad Miles River, with its picturesque tree-lined streets and beautiful harbor, St. Michaels has been a haven for boats plying the Chesapeake and its inlets since the earliest days. Here, some of the handsomest models of the Bay craft, such as canoes, bugeyes, pungys and some famous Baltimore Clippers, were designed and built. The Church, named “St. Michael’s,” was the first building erected (about 1677) and around it clustered the town that took its name. 1. WADES POINT INN - Located on a point of land overlooking majestic Chesapeake Bay, this historic inn has been welcoming guests for over 100 years. Thomas Kemp, builder of the original “Pride of Baltimore,” built the main house in 1819. For more info. visit www.wadespoint.com. 117

St. Michaels Points of Interest 2. HARBOURTOWNE GOLF RESORT - Bayview Restaurant and Duck Blind Bar on the scenic Miles River with an 18 hole golf course. For more info. visit www.harbourtowne.com. (Now under renovation) 3. MILES RIVER YACHT CLUB - Organized in 1920, the Miles River Yacht Club continues its dedication to boating on our waters and the protection of the heritage of log canoes, the oldest class of boat still sailing U. S. waters. The MRYC has been instrumental in preserving the log canoe and its rich history on the Chesapeake Bay. For more info. visit www.milesriveryc.org. 4. THE INN AT PERRY CABIN - The original building was constructed in the early 19th century by Samuel Hambleton, a purser in the United States Navy during the War of 1812. It was named for his friend, Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry. Perry Cabin has served as a riding academy and was restored in 1980 as an inn and restaurant. For more info. visit www.belmond.com/inn-at-perry-cabin-st-michaels/. 5. THE PARSONAGE INN - A bed and breakfast inn at 210 N. Talbot St., was built by Henry Clay Dodson, a prominent St. Michaels businessman and state legislator around 1883 as his private residence. In 1877, Dodson,

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St. Michaels Points of Interest along with Joseph White, established the St. Michaels Brick Company, which later provided the brick for the house. For more info. visit www. parsonage-inn.com. 6. FREDERICK DOUGLASS HISTORIC MARKER - Born at Tuckahoe Creek, Talbot County, Douglass lived as a slave in the St. Michaels area from 1833 to 1836. He taught himself to read and taught in clandestine schools for blacks here. He escaped to the north and became a noted abolitionist, orator and editor. He returned in 1877 as a U.S. Marshal for the District of Columbia and also served as the D.C. Recorder of Deeds and the U.S. Minister to Haiti. 7. CHESAPEAKE BAY MARITIME MUSEUM - Founded in 1965, the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum is dedicated to preserving the rich heritage of the hemisphere’s largest and most productive estuary - the Chesapeake Bay. Located on 18 waterfront acres, its nine exhibit buildings and floating fleet bring to life the story of the Bay and its inhabitants, from the fully restored 1879 Hooper Strait lighthouse and working boatyard to the impressive collection of working decoys and a recreated waterman’s shanty. Home to the world’s largest collection of Bay boats, the Museum regularly

Call For Hours 120

hosts temporary exhibitions, special events, festivals, and education programs. Docking and pump-out facilities available. Exhibitions and Museum Store open year-round. Up-to-date information and hours can be found on the Museum’s website at www.cbmm.org or by calling 410-745-2916. 8. THE CRAB CLAW - Restaurant adjoining the Maritime Museum and overlooking St. Michaels harbor. Open March-November. 410-7452900 or www.thecrabclaw.com. 9. PATRIOT - During the season (April-November) the 65’ cruise boat can carry 150 persons, runs daily historic narrated cruises along the Miles River. For daily cruise times, visit www.patriotcruises.com or call 410-745-3100. 10. THE FOOTBRIDGE - Built on the site of many earlier bridges, today’s bridge joins Navy Point to Cherry Street. It has been variously known as “Honeymoon Bridge” and “Sweetheart Bridge.” It is the only remaining bridge of three that at one time connected the town with outlying areas around the harbor. 11. VICTORIANA INN - The Victoriana Inn is located in the Historic District of St. Michaels. The home was built in 1873 by Dr. Clay Dodson, a druggist, and occupied as his private residence and office. In 1910 the property, then known as “Willow Cottage,” underwent alterations when

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St. Michaels Points of Interest acquired by the Shannahan family who continued it as a private residence for over 75 years. As a bed and breakfast, circa 1988, major renovations took place, preserving the historic character of the gracious Victorian era. For more info. visit www.victorianainn.com. 12. HAMBLETON INN - On the harbor. Historic waterfront home built in 1860 and restored as a bed and breakfast in 1985 with a turn-ofthe-century atmosphere. For more info. visit www.hambletoninn.com. 13. SNUGGERY B&B - Oldest residence in St. Michaels, c. 1665.The structure incorporates the remains of a log home that was originally built on the beach and later moved to its present location. www.snuggery1665.com. 14. LOCUST STREET - A stroll down Locust Street is a look into the past of St. Michaels. The Haddaway House at 103 Locust St. was built by Thomas L. Haddaway in the late 1700s. Haddaway owned and operated the shipyard at the foot of the street. Wickersham, at 203 Locust Street, was built in 1750 and was moved to its present location in 2004. It is known for its glazed brickwork. Hell’s Crossing is the intersection of Locust and Carpenter streets and is so-named because in the late 1700’s, the town was described as a rowdy one, in keeping with a port town where sailors would

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St. Michaels Points of Interest come for a little excitement. They found it in town, where there were saloons and working-class townsfolk ready to do business with them. Fights were common especially in an area of town called Hells Crossing. At the end of Locust Street is Muskrat Park. It provides a grassy spot on the harbor for free summer concerts and is home to the two cannons that are replicas of the ones given to the town by Jacob Gibson in 1813 and confiscated by Federal troops at the beginning of the Civil War. 15. FREEDOMS FRIEND LODGE - Chartered in 1867 and constructed in 1883, the Freedoms Friend Lodge is the oldest lodge existing in Maryland and is a prominent historic site for our Black community. It is now the site of Blue Crab Coffee Company. 16. TALBOT COUNTY FREE LIBRARY - St. Michaels Branch is located at 106 S. Fremont Street. For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit www.tcfl.org. 17. CARPENTER STREET SALOON - Life in the Colonial community revolved around the tavern. The traveler could, of course, obtain food, drink, lodging or even a fresh horse to speed his journey. This tavern was built in 1874 and has served the community as a bank, a newspaper


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St. Michaels Points of Interest office, post office and telephone company. For more info. visit www. carpenterstreetsaloon.com. 18. TWO SWAN INN - The Two Swan Inn on the harbor served as the former site of the Miles River Yacht Club, was built in the 1800s and was renovated in 1984. It is located at the foot of Carpenter Street. For more info. visit www.twoswaninn.com. 19. TARR HOUSE - Built by Edward Elliott as his plantation home about 1661. It was Elliott and an indentured servant, Darby Coghorn, who built the first church in St. Michaels. This was about 1677, on the site of the present Episcopal Church (6 Willow Street, near Locust). 20. CHRIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH - 301 S. Talbot St. Built of Port Deposit stone, the present church was erected in 1878. The first is believed to have been built in 1677 by Edward Elliott. For more info. tel: 410-745-9076. 21. THE OLD BRICK INN - Built in 1817 by Wrightson Jones, who opened and operated the shipyard at Beverly on Broad Creek. (Talbot St. at Mulberry). For more info. visit www.oldbrickinn.com. 22. THE CANNONBALL HOUSE - When St. Michaels was shelled by the British in a night attack in 1813, the town was “blacked out” and

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St. Michaels Points of Interest lanterns were hung in the trees to lead the attackers to believe the town was on a high bluff. The houses were overshot. The story is that a cannonball hit the chimney of “Cannonball House” and rolled down the stairway. This “blackout” was believed to be the first such “blackout” in the history of warfare. 23. AMELIA WELBY HOUSE - Amelia Coppuck, who became Amelia Welby, was born in this house and wrote poems that won her fame and the praise of Edgar Allan Poe. 24. ST. MICHAELS MUSEUM at ST. MARY’S SQUARE - Located in the heart of the historic district, offers a unique view of 19th century life in St. Michaels. The exhibits are housed in three period buildings and contain local furniture and artifacts donated by residents. The museum is supported entirely through community efforts. For more info. tel: 410745-9561 or www.stmichaelsmuseum.org. 25. GR ANITE LODGE #177 - Located on St. Mary’s Square, Granite Lodge was built in 1839. The building stands on the site of the first Methodist Church in St. Michaels on land donated to the Methodists by James Braddock in 1781. Between then and now, the building has served variously as a church, schoolhouse and as a storehouse for muskrat skins. 26. KEMP HOUSE - Now a country inn. A Georgian style house, constructed in 1805 by Colonel Joseph Kemp, a revolutionary soldier and hero of the War of 1812. For more info. visit www.kemphouseinn.com. 27. THE OLD MILL COMPLEX - The Old Mill was a functioning flour mill from the late 1800s until the 1970s, producing f lour used primarily for Maryland beaten biscuits. Today it is home to a brewery, distillery, artists, furniture makers, and other unique shops and businesses. 28. CLASSIC MOTOR MUSEUM - Located at 102 E. Marengo Street, the Classic Motor Museum is a living museum of classic automobiles, motorcycles, and other forms of transportation, and providing educational resources to classic car enthusiasts. For more info. visit classicmotormuseum.org. 29. ST. MICHAELS HARBOUR INN, MARINA & SPA - Constructed in 1986 and recently renovated. For more info. visit www.harbourinn.com. 30. ST. MICHAELS NATURE TRAIL - This 1.3 mile paved walkway winds around the western side of St. Michaels starting at a dedicated parking lot on South Talbot Street. The path cuts through the woods, San Domingo Park, over a covered bridge and ending in Bradley Park. The trail is open all year from dawn to dusk. 127


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Oxford Points of Interest Oxford is one of the oldest towns in Maryland. Although already settled for perhaps 20 years, Oxford marks the year 1683 as its official founding, for in that year Oxford was first named by the Maryland General Assembly as a seaport and was laid out as a town. In 1694, Oxford and a new town called Anne Arundel (now Annapolis) were selected the only ports of entry for the entire Maryland province. Until the American Revolution, Oxford enjoyed prominence as an international shipping center surrounded by wealthy tobacco plantations. Today, Oxford is a charming tree-lined and waterbound village with a population of just over 700 and is still important in boat building and yachting. It has a protected harbor for watermen who harvest oysters, crabs, clams and fish, and for sailors from all over the Bay. 1. TENCH TILGHMAN MONUMENT - In the Oxford Cemetery the Revolutionary War hero’s body lies along with that of his widow. Lt. Col. Tench Tilghman carried the message of Cornwallis’ surrender from Yorktown, VA, to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia. Across the cove from the

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Oxford Points of Interest cemetery may be seen Plimhimmon, home of Tench Tilghman’s widow, Anna Marie Tilghman. 2. THE OXFORD COMMUNITY CENTER - This former, pillared brick schoolhouse was saved from the wrecking ball by the town residents. Now it is a gathering place for meetings, classes, lectures, and performances by the Tred Avon Players and has been recently renovated. Rentals available to groups and individuals. 410-226-5904 or www.oxfordcc.org. 3. THE COOPERATIVE OXFORD LABORATORY - U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and Maryland Department of Natural Resources located here. 410-226-5193 or www.dnr.state.md.us/fisheries/oxford. 3A. U.S. COAST GUARD STATION - 410-226-0580. 4. CHURCH OF THE HOLY TRINITY - Founded in 1851. Designed by esteemed British architect Richard Upton, co-founder of the American Institute of Architects. It features beautiful stained glass windows by the acclaimed Willet Studios of Philadelphia. www.holytrinityoxfordmd.org. 5. OXFORD TOWN PARK - Former site of the Oxford High School.

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Oxford Points of Interest Recent restoration of the beach as part of a “living shoreline project” created 2 terraced sitting walls, a protective groin and a sandy beach with native grasses which will stop further erosion and provide valuable aquatic habitat. A similar project has been completed adjacent to the ferry dock. A kayak launch site has also been located near the ferry dock. 6. OXFORD MUSEUM - Morris & Market Sts. Devoted to the preservation of artifacts and memories of Oxford, MD. Admission is free; donations gratefully accepted. For more info. and hours tel: 410-226-0191 or visit www.oxfordmuseum.org. 7. OXFORD LIBRARY - 101 Market St. Founded in 1939 and on its present site since 1950. Hours are Mon.-Sat., 10-4. 8. BRATT MANSION (ACADEMY HOUSE) - 205 N. Morris St. Served as quarters for officers of the Maryland Military Academy. Built about 1848. (Private residence) 9. BARNABY HOUSE - 212 N. Morris St. Built in 1770 by sea captain Richard Barnaby, this charming house contains original pine woodwork, corner fireplaces and an unusually lovely handmade staircase. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places. (Private residence) Tidewater Residential Designs since 1989

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Oxford Points of Interest 10. THE GRAPEVINE HOUSE - 309 N. Morris St. The grapevine over the entrance arbor was brought from the Isle of Jersey in 1810 by Captain William Willis, who commanded the brig “Sarah and Louisa.” (Private residence) 11. THE ROBERT MORRIS INN - N. Morris St. & The Strand. Robert Morris was the father of Robert Morris, Jr., the “financier of the Revolution.” Built about 1710, part of the original house with a beautiful staircase is contained in the beautifully restored Inn, now open 7 days a week. Robert Morris, Jr. was one of only 2 Founding Fathers to sign the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution. 410-226-5111 or www.robertmorrisinn.com. 12. THE OXFORD CUSTOM HOUSE - N. Morris St. & The Strand. Built in 1976 as Oxford’s official Bicentennial project. It is a replica of the first Federal Custom House built by Jeremiah Banning, who was the first Federal Collector of Customs appointed by George Washington. 13. TRED AVON YACHT CLUB - N. Morris St. & The Strand. Founded in 1931. The present building, completed in 1991, replaced the original structure.

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14. OXFORD-BELLEVUE FERRY - N. Morris St. & The Strand. Started in 1683, this is believed to be the oldest privately operated ferry in the United States. Its first keeper was Richard Royston, whom the Talbot County Court “pitcht upon” to run a ferry at an unusual subsidy of 2,500 pounds of tobacco. Service has been continuous since 1836, with power supplied by sail, sculling, rowing, steam, and modern diesel engine. Many now take the ride between Oxford and Bellevue for the scenic beauty. 15. BYEBERRY - On the grounds of Cutts & Case Boatyard. It faces Town Creek and is one of the oldest houses in the area. The date of construction is unknown, but it was standing in 1695. Originally, it was in the main business section but was moved to the present location about 1930. (Private residence) 16. CUTTS & CASE - 306 Tilghman St. World-renowned boatyard for classic yacht design, wooden boat construction and restoration using composite structures. Some have described Cutts & Case Shipyard as an American Nautical Treasure because it produces to the highest standards quality work equal to and in many ways surpassing the beautiful artisanship of former times.


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Tilghman’s Island “Great Choptank Island” was granted to Seth Foster in 1659. Thereafter it was known as Foster’s Island, and remained so through a succession of owners until Matthew Tilghman of Claiborne inherited it in 1741. He and his heirs owned the island for over a century and it has been Tilghman’s Island ever since, though the northern village and the island’s postal designation are simply “Tilghman.” For its first 175 years, the island was a family farm, supplying grains, vegetables, fruit, cattle, pigs and timber. Although the owners rarely were in residence, many slaves were: an 1817 inventory listed 104. The last Tilghman owner, General Tench Tilghman (not Washington’s aide-de-camp), removed the slaves in the 1830s and began selling off lots. In 1849, he sold his remaining interests to James Seth, who continued the development. The island’s central location in the middle Bay is ideally suited for watermen harvesting the Bay in all seasons. The years before the Civil War saw the influx of the first families we know today. A second wave arrived after the War, attracted by the advent of oyster dredging in the 1870s. Hundreds of dredgers and tongers operated out of Tilghman’s Island, their catches sent to the cities by schooners. Boat building, too, was an important industry. The boom continued into the 1890s, spurred by the arrival of steamboat service, which opened vast new markets for Bay seafood. Islanders quickly capitalized on the opportunity as several seafood buyers set up shucking and canning operations on pilings at the edge of the shoal of Dogwood Cove. The discarded oyster shells eventually became an island with seafood packing houses, hundreds of workers, a store, and even a post office. The steamboats also brought visitors who came to hunt, fish, relax and escape the summer heat of the cities. Some families stayed all summer in one of the guest houses that sprang up in the villages of Tilghman, Avalon, Fairbank and Bar Neck. Although known for their independence, Tilghman’s Islanders enjoy showing visitors how to pick a crab, shuck an oyster or find a good fishing spot. In the twentieth century, Islanders pursued these vocations in farming, on the water, and in the thriving seafood processing industry. The “Tilghman Brand” was known throughout the eastern United States, but as the Bay’s bounty diminished, so did the number of water-related jobs. Still, three of the few remaining Bay skipjacks (sailing dredgeboats) can be seen here, as well as two working harbors with scores of power workboats. 137

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Los Indios

by Gary D. Crawford We tend to forget that when the English first arrived, there already were lots of people living around the Chesapeake Bay. The English refer re d to t hem a s “I nd ia n s,” though of course that’s all wrong. Lacking GPS, Columbus mistook the Caribbean islands in the Atlantic for the Indies of the Orient, half a world away. Nevertheless, though they have nothing to do with India, the islands here came to be known as the West Indies, and it followed that the indigenous people would be “los indios.” Personally, I rather like

the Canadian term, “First Nations” people, but here I’ll just go with “Native Americans.” Chris and the other Europeans before and after him found Native Americans almost everywhere they landed in the New World. To these newly arrived (and undocumented) aliens, the local inhabitants appeared to be primitive, half-naked savages ~ heathens devoid of civilization. They possessed no horses, had no wheeled carts, and lacked metal tools. There were no towns to speak of, just small villages built around garden plots and

Towns of Secota and Pomeiooc, from drawings by John White, c. 1584. 139

Los Indios a few circular encampments with protective palisades. They lived off the land, of course, but more as foragers than as farmers. Various w ild plants supplemented w ith game and seafood provided sufficient food, but not in great abundance. Food gathering was a constant occupat ion, and families followed their food sources, moving with the seasons. This nomadic lifestyle would become one of the problems when the English arrived.

peninsula. There were several tribes ~ the Wicomiss around the Chester R iver, the Choptank s along the Choptank River, the Nanticokes in the Salisbury area, and the Pocomokes farther south. (Other tribes inhabited what is now Virginia.) The Susquehannocks were at the head of the Bay, and the Assateagues and Delawares were on the Atlantic side. All but the Susquehannocks spoke some dialect of the Algonquian language, but they had little apparent inter-tribal organization. We can only imagine how the two cultures reacted to each other upon meeting. An Englishman stepping ashore would soon realize that most Native Americans were about an inch taller, and that both men

Northern Delmarva Peninsula Approximate locations of Native American tribes in 1630. The Eastern Shore in 1600 was sparsely populated, with perhaps no more than a few thousand Native Americans living on the entire 140

and women were more physically fit, than the Europeans. As gathering food occupied both sexes year round, they spent considerable time outdoors while foraging, hunting, and carrying. The Nat ive A mer ic a ns at t he time wore little clothing and were much healthier, which must have caused much comment. Even in cold weather, they managed with just a few hides worn fur-side in and by oiling their bodies. By contrast, the Europeans suffered all manner of aff lictions from being cooped up in small spaces, packed closely together in towns for extended periods, and lacking even the rudiments of basic sanitation. Not surprisingly, the two peoples did not really understand one another very well. This was more than just a language problem, though that was a major barrier, but certain fundamental values were quite different. One misunderstanding was that both assumed all members of the other party were alike. The Native Americans soon discovered that the English, the French and the Dutch were rather different. In t he Che sape a ke, t here were deep divisions among the English ~ Virginians versus Marylanders, Protestants versus Catholics, farmers versus fur traders, and so on. For their part, the English believed all Native Americans to be alike, failing to recognize that the tribes around the Bay were Algon-

quian peoples while those to the north spoke Iroquoian. To the Nanticokes, the Susquehannocks were nearly as foreign as the English. Another key difference was that the Native Americans did not share the European notion of land ownership. To them, the land was simply the Earth; humans lived upon it and made use of it, but owning it was like owning the rain or the wind. The English, striving for wealth in a New World, regarded land as the essential key; having control of farmland was necessary in an agricultural economy. When pressed by the Europeans, the Native Americans would agree to “share” their tribal areas and allow homes to be built there and crops planted. But they always insisted on retaining their right to “hunting, crabbing, fowling, and fishing.” Such arrangements worked for a while, for several reasons. One was that the Europeans and the Native Americans preferred to live in different locations in the landscape. The latter had little interest in access to deep water at the mouths of rivers and streams. They preferred living near shallow creeks, well upstream from the Bay, where the water was fresher and the edible plants of the marshes were to be found. Moreover, the areas claimed by the European “owners” usually were large and the Native A mericans were few; on a tract of hundreds of acres or more, most Europeans


Los Indios could tolerate a dozen Choptank or Nanticoke families foraging in their woods and creeks. Also, those engaged in the fur trade actually preferred having the Native Americans remain in place to help in trapping animals. Occasionally a fur trader would purchase an “Indian town” to prevent a European farmer from settling there and displacing the local tribe with whom they were doing business. For a time, then, during much of the 1600s, the two cultures inhabited the same landscape, though they lived apart for reasons of their own. All was not entirely peaceful, of course. In the early years of the Maryland colony, there were occasional attacks and skirmishes in the area around Kent Island, then the only settlement on the Eastern Shore, a nd t he nor t her n t r ibes proved more aggressive than those to the south. The ent i re Thompson fa m i ly was massacred on Poplar Island, and there were other raids w ith fatalities. In 1642, the Lord Proprietor declared war on the Susquehannocks and the Wicomiss. For some reason the Nanticokes were included, too, though they were nowhere in the vicinity of the troubles, and Lord Baltimore soon rescinded the declaration against them. The Maryland government came to an agreement with the Susque-

hannocks in 1652 and became their chief ally in the ongoing conf lict with the powerful Five Nations of the Iroquois. The Wicomiss were dislodged from the Chester River area and moved south among the Nanticokes. To avoid skirmishes and threats of attack, the Mar yland Proprietor made agreements w ith the Nanticoke and Choptank chiefs in 1668 and again in 1678. Certain traditional areas were set aside for exclusive use of the local groups, the beginning of the concept of Indian Reservations. The Chopt a n k s were a fa i rly peaceable people closely associated with the Nanticokes, the largest tribe in the region. They lived along the southern shore of the great river ~ in the Nanticoke language, tshapetank means “stream that separates” ~ and were centered in the Cambridge area. The Choptanks negotiated a better deal than the others, becoming the only tribe to have a deed to their land in fee simple; that is, they owned it outright. That deed was honored by the provincial government of Maryland, and later by the State of Maryland, for well over a century. (It lasted until 1822, when the State took the land and sold it; they needed the money to help pay for Maryland’s part of the new District of Columbia.) The land-sharing was not to last, of course. The Native Americans gradually were squeezed out, some-


times forcibly pushed aside, by the inexorable tide of immigration. Many, however, simply withdrew, group by group. Rea lizing t hat the English invasion could not be stopped, they moved to the north and to the west, where there were peoples among whom they could live. And so, like the Elves leaving MiddleEarth, those who lived here before us passed away into the forests. The greatest tragedy is that we did not know them, and now it is too late. We did not learn their languages, their beliefs and values, their stories and songs, or their histories and traditions. In just 200 years, virtually everything they had accomplished and learned, everything they had been, was gone. Lacking writing, they could not leave a record of their culture and heritage. Of course, the Native Americans of Delmarva would have had a rich oral tradition. Like other peoples without a writing system, their stories and beliefs and wisdom would be passed from generation to generation by word of mouth. All their knowledge ~ which plants to eat

and which not, how to trap a beaver, great-grandmother’s name, where the tribe was before they came to the Chesapeake, who created the Sun ~ everything had to be passed along through verbal stories. The only way to know what a particularly skillful midwife knew about child-birthing was to hear it from her own lips, or from someone else who heard it from her lips, then committed it to memory and passed it on. It is worth noting that an oral tradition is not trivial; an effort is required to maintain a full and accurate oral record. There is much more to it than just remembering that story Grandma used to tell. Those who depend upon an oral tradition need to work diligently at it. I once lived for a few years in such a culture, a stone-age society trying to come to grips with modern civilization. They, too, lacked writing, but their oral history was quite astonishing. One day I attended a funeral where a valuable piece of stone “money” was being presented to the bereaved family as a tribute. It was brought to the meeting-

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Los Indios

place on a large piece of bamboo, carried by a group of young men. The man who brought it then recited the eight-generation history of that stone ~ who quarried it on a distant island, who brought it to this island, who first received it as a tribute, the name of each subsequent owner and the reason it was passed on. For nearly 40 minutes the villagers, adults and children, listened c a ref u l ly, nodd ing at t he pa r t s they’d heard before, committing to memory what they didn’t know. Another time, a woman once told me the names of her mothers, in order, going back thirteen genera-

tions. I later realized that was nearly 400 years, into the 1500s, or about when Michelangelo was painting on the Sistine Chapel ceiling. I once learned over a dozen words that all meant “cheap” or tight-fisted, in one sense or another: a man who asks for something when he doesn’t really need it; a man who says he has only five coconuts when he really has ten; a man who says he has no kerosene when he does; a man who takes more than his share of a fish catch; a man who shares his catch of 25 fish when he’d really caught 30; and so on. It helped me realize just how important these fine distinctions of character were to a people living on the edge, in a small village on a tiny island lost in the vast Pacific ~ where everyone knows everyone for their entire lives. (Some of that goes on in these parts, too.) Today, descendants of the Native American tribes strive to retain their stories and keep their heritage alive. It is all in English now, mostly, but they hold pow wows, gatherings where these bonds are renewed and stories told again. The


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Nanticokes have a tribal museum in Milford, Delaware. Still, I can’t help but think how wonderful it would be ~ for them and for us ~ to have some records from the 17th century written by Native Americans themselves. So far as I know there is absolutely nothing from them, in any language. For tunately, a few Europeans recognized that the Native American culture should be described and made an effort to do so. These records vary considerably, in depth and accuracy, but it is all we have. The very first was surprisingly good, actually, though it came out of the unhappy effort to establish a colony at Roanoke Island in what is now North Carolina, behind the Hat teras seashore not far f rom where the Wright brothers made their first f lights. Accompanying that expedition was Mr. Thomas Harriot, an associate of Sir Walter Raleigh, and a skillful mathematician and scientist. While he was taking careful notes about the Native Americans he saw at Roanoke (only 100 miles or so from Delmarva), another fellow, John White, was drawing pictures. Upon their return to England, A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia was published in 1586. There is a splendid image of some fishermen out in Albemarle Sound. White provided an underwater peek at the fish, terrapin, and blue crabs that abounded. A close look at his

drawing shows he made the same mistake we still do, thinking a horseshoe crab is really a crab. Actually, they are closer to spiders, with much smaller claws underneath ~ and no pincer claws whatever.

Though lacking an alphabet for writing the sounds of their language, these Native Americans did draw signs and symbols on their bodies, as some do today. Harriot and White captured the tattoos adorning several of the Roanoke chiefs, “The Marckes of Sundry of the Chief men of Virginia.”


Los Indios A century later, Thomas Jefferson began collecting information on the Native American languages, and he asked others to do the same and send word lists to him so a master list could be compiled. One day, he received a letter from William Vans Murray, a lawyer in Cambridge, who was doing linguistic research in the Choptank village nearby. He wrote: Dear Sir:-The enclosed little attempt to make a vocabulary of the language of the Nanticoke, may remind you of a circumstance, and promise of mine, which probably have escaped your memory. You gave me the printed list of words last spring. On the reverse of the printed side which is filled up, is added a number of words which occurred to me. The tribe has dwindled almost into extinction. It is still, however, possessed of five thousand acres of land which were reserved to them by the Assembly of Maryland in the first settlement of the Province. The little town where they live consists but of four genuine old wigwams, thatched over with the bark of the Cedar ~ very old ~ and two framed houses ~ in one of which lives the queen, Mrs. Mulberry, relict of the Colonel who was the last Chief. They are not more than nine in number. The others of the tribe, which in this century was at least Five hundred in number, having

died or removed towards the Frontiers, generally to the Six nations ~ perhaps by a comparison of the languages of them and of those a correspondence may be discovered. They went to the Senecas often ~ You will find they have no word for the personals he and she. They were much at a loss for all terms to express abstract ideas. It is a little surprising they had a word for Truth. They speak their language exclusively among themselves. A few years must totally extinguish the remains of this Tribe and it will be owing to you, Sir, if a trace is left of their language. I have preferred the very list which I filled in a Wigwam to any neater copy ~ and therefore have chosen that to transmit to you. I have the honour to be, Dear Sir, with great respect and attachment, yr. mo. obt., W. V. Murray Today, not a single “Indian� placename exists in Talbot County and I am suddenly reminded of the thylacine (thigh-la-seen). Thousands of these fascinating Bengal-striped


marsupials used to roam the lands Down Under. Never domesticated, they were hunted out of Australia by 1900. Thylacines sur v ived in Tasmania for a few more decades, but soon they, too, were gone. The government (finally) passed a law protecting them ~ just 59 days before this last one died in a Hobart Zoo in 1936. Something like that happened here, in Cambridge, in 1854. That was when Lydia E. Clark passed away. Miss Lydia was the last living speaker of the Nanticoke language. How much did the Choptanks and Nanticokes know about where they came from, and when? They certainly had a Creation myth, as all peoples do. “Manitou” is the spiritual

and fundamental life force among Algonquian groups in the Native American mythology. Manitou is omnipresent and manifests everywhere. Thomas Harriot included the word “mantoac” (gods) in his first glossary of an Algonquian language, and similar terms are found in nearly all of the Algonquian languages. Might t he Easter n Shore Native Americans of 1600 have had any knowledge of the remarkable civilizations in the southwest and Central America? After all, vast and complex civ ilizations arose in t hose reg ions and lasted for hundreds of years until they were abruptly brought to an end at about the same time the English arrived in the Chesapeake.

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Los Indios The Mayan civilization was the oldest, dating from 2000 BC (about the time of the 11th Dy nast y in Egypt, if that helps). Many of the Native Americans of Central and South America shared a common language, Nahautl, and in some cases they even took the next critical step ~ devising a way of recording their language. Nahuatl writing was used primarily to mark calendar dates, keep accounts, and record names of people and places. But not one single pre-European text has survived, except in stone carvings. All we know is what the Europeans (the Spanish and Portuguese, in this case) thought to record. Later, around 1200 AD, the Aztecs arose in Mexico and the Incas in Peru. All came to an end with the arrival of the Europeans. There were yet older cultures. The pueblo-builders of the Southwestern United States are descendants of three major cultures, including the ancient Anasazi, dating back some 7,000 years. They constructed buildings of adobe ~ clay mixed with water and small pieces of plant material ~ which in the arid climate could last for many years, especially those in naturally protected areas. Here is the magnificent Cliff Palace in Mesa Verde, Colorado. As it turns out, North and South America have been inhabited for many thousands of years. We know

these abor iginal people did not originate here, but where they came from exactly is still a matter of some debate. The DNA evidence doesn’t tell us much, except that they appear to have come from a common stock somewhere, perhaps from that now f looded area (“Beringia”) that lay between Siberia and Alaska when the oceans were much lower than today. Some date their arrival as early as 40,000 years ago; others think they came much later, around 14,000 BC. In either case, it’s rather recent compared with other human migrations. Of this Paleolithic (“old” + “stone”) age, we know little; they left no records, of course, but they did leave some things.


Evidence of an early Paleo-Indian culture turned up in Clovis, New Mexico, where some distinctive stone spear point and cutting inst r ument s were found in 1929. “Clov is points” have since been found across much of North America. These were carefully crafted objects, made by striking the right kind of stone with another stone, breaking off flakes to leave a cutting edge that can be surprisingly sharp. In an age before metal, Clovis points were extremely useful and valuable. Undoubtedly, they were traded widely, and their appearance in other parts of the country is hardly surprising. They have been carefully studied by archeologists in order to classify cultural periods by the differences in the tools.

Clovis points could be attached to wooden shafts to make spears. This painting depicts two PaleoI nd i a n s s t a l k i ng a pr eh i s tor ic gly ptodont, a relative of the armadillo that survived until about 10,000 years ago. Approximately the size of a Volkswagen, it looks

like it would have made a meal for an entire tribe. (It probably tasted just like chicken.) Amid all this speculation, there is one thing we do know ~ for sure. There were Paleo-Indians right here, even before the Eastern Shore was a shore. One day, some 12,000 years ago or so, some Native American sat on a ridge. Looking west over a great grassy plain, he could see a river running through the shallow valley, down to the sea hundreds of miles to the south. When he moved on, he left behind a bag of stone tools, either by accident or to hide them. Soon, t he w inds covered t hem. For ten centuries or more, they lay there as the ice melted and the lower Susquehanna River expanded to become the Chesapeake Bay. They were found, quite a few years later, by archeologist Darrin Lowery as he examined what the waves of the Bay were revealing along the shore of Tilghman’s Island. The rich trove of Paleo-Indian artifacts he recovered stands as a reminder of those who preceded us in this special place. Gary Crawford and his wife, Susan, own and operate Crawfords Nautical Books, a unique bookstore on Tilghman’s Island.


presents the 3rd Annual Outreach


Liberating Unmourned Loss Featuring DEBORAH GRASSMAN Expert on Veteran care at end of life and Author of The Hero Within and Peace at Last

THURSDAY, MARCH 15, 2018, 6 p.m. EASTON HIGH SCHOOL Free of charge and open to the public

Friday, March 16, Grassman will present the workshop Wounded Warriors at Talbot Hospice for agency professionals who work with Veterans. Presenting Sponsors

For more information or to register visit TalbotHospice.org/events or contact Caron James, 410-822-6681 or cjames@talbothospice.org. 150

Eat Clean Many of us have tried a fad diet in the past. I’m not saying that they don’t work ~ most of them do, but just for a while. Some of us have done it so often that we resign ourselves to living with the extra pounds. However, the older we get, the more dangerous those extra pounds are for us. They put every aspect of our health at risk. I am not suggesting that you try another Atkins, Paleo, or any other type of diet. What I am suggesting is a sane nutrition plan that will help your body function at peak efficiency. It is called “clean eating.” It means opting for whole grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds and good fats ~ and less salt, sugar and trans fats. Once you start eating this way, you can actually retrain your taste buds. Getting back to the basics means eating foods in their natural state: unsalted nuts, grass-fed and freerange meats, whole fruits and vegetables. Much of what we eat today is chemically altered. The malto-

dextrin and the high-fructose corn syrups are produced in factories. Try and set a goal of eating two more servings of real food each day, and you will be on your way to better health. Eat outside the box, as most food in the box is processed. This means things have been added that your body doesn’t need. Any food that has been processed is less than ideal. Just remember that food in its original form is better for you. For instance, an orange is better than orange juice. Check the labels! The foods with the fewest ingredients are healthiest for you. Also, if you can’t pro-


Tidewater Kitchen nounce the ingredients, you probably shouldn’t be eating it. There are certain foods that should not be in your pantry. Their ingredients have been shown to negatively affect cholesterol, blood sugar and blood pressure.

1. Partially hydrogenated vegetable oil, hydrogenated vegetable oil, shortening, and by-products of trans fat can raise your bad cholesterol and lower your good cholesterol, increasing the risk of heart attack and stroke. Expellerpressed canola oil is best for highheat cooking. 2. Food colorings (synthetic food dyes) in baked goods, cereals and condiments are known to cause tumors in animal studies. Look for cereals high in fiber and low in sugar content. 3. Artificial sweeteners ~ acesulfame-K, saccharin and aspartame. Research shows that these make us crave sweet foods, and not foods in their natural state, such as seasonal fruits and vegetables.

4. High-fructose corn syrup, corn sugar and corn sweetener are in everything from bread to salad dressing. These concentrated sugars create high blood sugar and insulin spikes and drops, which make us crave more high-sugar and highfat food. Sprouted-grain breads can provide more nutrients than loaves made with flour. Always buy wholegrain bread over white. 5. Nitrates and nitrites that are in smoked meats and jerky (which sound healthy) contain ingredients to preserve the red color in meat and are associated with ovarian and kidney cancers. Any processed meats labeled “natural” or “organic” cannot be prepared with nitrite


because “preservatives” are not allowed in those products. As a result, there have been alternative curing processes that use natural sources of nitrate, such as celery juice or powder, to create uncured products with a similar color and flavor to traditionally cured meats. When grocery shopping, shop the perimeter of the store. This is where the fresh foods are located. They offer more health benefits, are low in sugar and salt, are high in fiber and satisfy cravings. Another thing to remember is that people who eat at fast-food or fullservice restaurants will consume more calories and fewer nutrients. Those that eat at home will consume less and eat healthier. You are the one in control of the ingredients. Here are some “Eat Clean” recipes for you to try at home.

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SLOW-BAKED SALMON with ASPARAGUS Serves 2 Cold-water fish support neurological function, are anti-inf lammatory and have a mild blood thinning effect. 1/4 bunch fresh parsley 1/4 bunch fresh chives 1/4 bunch fresh tarragon 1/4 bunch fresh cilantro 1-1/2 t. dry mustard Juice of 1 lemon 1/4 cup plus 3 T. canola or virgin olive oil 153

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Having a one-dish meal is a lifesaver! Simplify further by cleaning and chopping your vegetables in advance for a one-dish stir-fry. CREATIVE STIR-FRY Serves 4 This contains vegetables, protein and a complex carbohydrate.

Sea salt and freshly ground pepper 2 salmon filets, 6-8 oz. each, skin removed ~ about 1 inch thick 1 bunch asparagus, stems trimmed Preheat oven to 250°. Line a baking sheet with aluminum foil. Combine the herbs, dry mustard, lemon juice and 1/4 cup of canola oil in a blender or food processor and pulse to make a puree. Season the puree with salt and pepper and set aside to let the f lavors marry. Place the fish and the asparagus in the baking pan and drizzle both with the remaining 3 tablespoons of oil. Season with salt and pepper. Bake for 20 minutes. Remove the salmon and asparagus from the oven. Drizzle both with the herb puree. Garnish the plate with a few fresh herbs and some lemon wedges.

2 cups rice 1 lb. boneless chicken breast, or 1 lb. boneless chuck, round or flank steak (grass fed or sustainably raised) Marinade: 1/2 cup white wine or sherry 1 T. sesame, walnut or olive oil 2 T. soy sauce 1 T. honey 1 T. cornstarch 1 T. minced garlic Vegetables: 4 medium carrots, peeled and sliced diagonally 1 large onion, peeled and sliced 4 ribs celery, sliced diagonally 6 scallions, sliced 2 small zucchini, sliced diagonally 1 head broccoli, cut to fork size 1/2 red bell pepper, sliced


1 green bell pepper, sliced 1/4 lb. baby Bella mushrooms 2 T. expeller pressed canola oil 1 T. sesame, walnut or olive oil Cook rice according to package directions. Slice and marinate meat with ingredients noted. I usually marinate mine for several hours. Slice all vegetables to size, making sure the carrots, celery and zucchini are on the diagonal. Heat skillet on medium-high heat. Add 1 tablespoon of canola oil and 1 tablespoon of sesame, walnut or olive oil. Add carrots, onion and celery. Sauté for 3 minutes. Add red and green pepper. Sauté for an additional 2 minutes. Add broccoli

and mushrooms. Sauté for an additional 3 minutes. Remove from pan to platter; set aside. Add 1 tablespoon canola oil to pan. Lift meat from the marinade and place in pan. Sauté until almost done (slightly rare for beef). Return sautéed vegetables to the pan. Cook together for 1 additional minute. Turn off heat. Serve over rice. A large pot of soup will make enough for several meals. You can also freeze some for individual or family-sized portions. VEGETABLE SOUP If you save the liquid from vegetables you cook, you can put that in a quart jar in the refrigerator or


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in a plastic container in the freezer. It will make your soup even better! 3 T. olive oil 1 lb. stew beef or lean hamburger 2 T. expeller pressed canola oil 1 carrot, diced 1 large onion, diced 3 ribs celery, diced 1 green bell pepper, diced 1 qt. organic low-sodium beef broth 1 large bag frozen mixed vegetables 1/2 bag frozen okra (about 1 cup) 2 small cans or 1 large can diced tomatoes 2 large potatoes, diced 2 T. parsley, chopped 2 T. thyme (2 t. if dry) 1 T. oregano, chopped (1 t. if dry) Salt and pepper to taste 1/4 - 1/2 head of cabbage, chopped 1 can kidney beans, rinsed 1 can butter beans, rinsed In a large kettle, add 3 tablespoons of olive oil and sauté your stew beef. Make sure the beef is cut to bite-sized or smaller pieces. Take the meat out of the pan and

set aside. To the pan, add the expeller pressed canola oil. Add the carrot, onion, celery and green bell pepper and sauté for about 5 minutes. Add the beef broth, frozen mixed vegetables, okra, tomatoes, potatoes, sautéed meat, herbs, salt and pepper. Cover and cook for about 35 minutes. Add the rest of the ingredients and simmer until all vegetables are thoroughly cooked. Sometimes I cook 1/4 cup of barley separately and add that, too! You may want to add more spices. You just need to keep tasting until it’s perfect. Every time I make it, the flavor is a bit different, but it’s always hearty and healthy. SLOW COOKER STUFFED PEPPERS Serves 6 We were raised on one-dish meals. They contain vegetables, protein and carbohydrates ~ perfect for a growing, busy family. 2 cups cooked brown rice 3 small tomatoes, chopped ~ or 1 15oz. can of diced tomatoes, drained 1 cup frozen corn, thawed 1/2 cup onion, chopped 3/4 cup Monterey Jack cheese, shredded 1 4-oz. can ripe olives, chopped 1/3 cup black beans, rinsed and drained 1/3 cup red beans, rinsed and drained


1 T. dried basil 4 garlic cloves, minced Sea salt and freshly ground pepper to taste 6 large bell peppers 3/4 cup spaghetti sauce 1/2 cup water 4 T. Parmesan cheese, divided Place first 11 ingredients in a large bowl and mix lightly to combine. Cut off and discard tops from bell peppers; remove seeds. Fill peppers with rice mixture. In a small bowl, mix spaghetti sauce and water. Pour half of this mixture into an oval 5-quart slow cooker. Add filled peppers. Top each pepper with the remaining sauce. Sprinkle each with two tablespoons of Parmesan cheese. Cook covered on low heat for 4 hours, or until peppers are tender. Sprinkle with remaining Parmesan cheese. SOUTHWESTERN CHICKEN Serves 4-6 This is an easy home-cooked meal that you can quickly put together on a school night.

6-8 boneless organic chicken breasts 2 cans black beans, drained 1 16-oz. jar mild salsa 1 12-oz. bag grated Mexican cheese mix Layer chicken in the bottom of a 9” x 13” glass dish. Cover chicken with black beans and salsa. Sprinkle the cheese over the salsa. Bake for 45 minutes at 325°. You can also make this recipe in a 9” x 9” glass dish and reduce it to 4 chicken breasts. All else remains the same. A longtime resident of Oxford, Pamela Meredith-Doyle, formerly Denver’s NBC Channel 9 Children’s Chef, now teaches both adult and children’s cooking classes on the south shore of Massachusetts, where she lives with her husband and son. For more of Pam’s recipes, visit the Story Archive tab at www.tidewatertimes.com.



Caroline County – A Perspective Caroline County is the very definition of a rural community. For more than 300 years, the county’s economy has been based on “market” agriculture. Caroline County was created in 1773 from Dorchester and Queen Anne’s counties. The county was named for Lady Caroline Eden, the wife of Maryland’s last colonial governor, Robert Eden (1741-1784). Denton, the county seat, was situated on a point between two ferry boat landings. Much of the business district in Denton was wiped out by the fire of 1863. Following the Civil War, Denton’s location about fifty miles up the Choptank River from the Chesapeake Bay enabled it to become an important shipping point for agricultural products. Denton became a regular port-ofcall for Baltimore-based steamer lines in the latter half of the 19th century. Preston was the site of three Underground Railroad stations during the 1840s and 1850s. One of those stations was operated by Harriet Tubman’s parents, Benjamin and Harriet Ross. When Tubman’s parents were exposed by a traitor, she smuggled them to safety in Wilmington, Delaware. Linchester Mill, just east of Preston, can be traced back to 1681, and possibly as early as 1670. The mill is the last of 26 water-powered mills to operate in Caroline County and is currently being restored. The long-term goals include rebuilding the millpond, rehabilitating the mill equipment, restoring the miller’s dwelling, and opening the historic mill on a scheduled basis. Federalsburg is located on Marshyhope Creek in the southern-most part of Caroline County. Agriculture is still a major portion of the industry in the area; however, Federalsburg is rapidly being discovered and there is a noticeable influx of people, expansion and development. Ridgely has found a niche as the “Strawberry Capital of the World.” The present streetscape, lined with stately Victorian homes, reflects the transient prosperity during the countywide canning boom (1895-1919). Hanover Foods, formerly an enterprise of Saulsbury Bros. Inc., for more than 100 years, is the last of more than 250 food processors that once operated in the Caroline County region. Points of interest in Caroline County include the Museum of Rural Life in Denton, Adkins Arboretum near Ridgely, and the Mason-Dixon Crown Stone in Marydel. To contact the Caroline County Office of Tourism, call 410-479-0655 or visit their website at www.tourcaroline.com. 159

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Upper Wye River Great summer retreat or year-round enjoyment, newly renovated, large deck with sliders from LR and MBR, private location. Easy commute to Bay Bridge. Call Elaine McNeil. $349,000 QA10021283

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410.827.8877 Barbara Whaley Ben McNeil Elaine McNeil Fitzhugh Turner 443.262.1310 410.310.7707 410.490.8001 410.490.7163 121 Clay Drive, Queenstown, MD ¡ bwhaley@tidewaterproperties.com 160

Queen Anne’s County The history of Queen Anne’s County dates back to the earliest Colonial settlements in Maryland. Small hamlets began appearing in the northern portion of the county in the 1600s. Early communities grew up around transportation routes, the rivers and streams, and then roads and eventually railroads. Small towns were centers of economic and social activity and evolved over the years from thriving centers of tobacco trade to communities boosted by the railroad boom. Queenstown was the original county seat when Queen Anne’s County was created in 1706, but that designation was passed on to Centreville in 1782. It’s location was important during the 18th century, because it is near a creek that, during that time, could be navigated by tradesmen. A hub for shipping and receiving, Queenstown was attacked by English troops during the War of 1812. Construction of the Federal-style courthouse in Centreville began in 1791 and is the oldest courthouse in continuous use in the state of Maryland. Today, Centreville is the largest town in Queen Anne’s County. With its relaxed lifestyle and tree-lined streets, it is a classic example of small town America. The Stevensville Historic District, also known as Historic Stevensville, is a national historic district in downtown Stevensville, Queen Anne’s County. It contains roughly 100 historic structures, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It is located primarily along East Main Street, a portion of Love Point Road, and a former section of Cockey Lane. The Chesapeake Heritage and Visitor Center in Chester at Kent Narrows provides and overview of the Chesapeake region’s heritage, resources and culture. The Chesapeake Heritage and Visitor Center serves as Queen Anne’s County’s official welcome center. Queen Anne’s County is also home to the Chesapeake Bay Environmental Center (formerly Horsehead Wetland Center), located in Grasonville. The CBEC is a 500-acre preserve just 15 minutes from the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. Over 200 species of birds have been recorded in the area. Embraced by miles of scenic Chesapeake Bay waterways and graced with acres of pastoral rural landscape, Queen Anne’s County offers a relaxing environment for visitors and locals alike. For more information about Queen Anne’s County, visit www.qac.org. 161

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Wishing Everyone A

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 2  9















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“Calendar of Events” notices: Please contact us at 410-226-0422; fax the information to 410-226-0411; write to us at Tidewater Times, P. O. Box 1141, Easton, MD 21601; or e-mail to info@tidewatertimes.com. The deadline is the 1st of the month preceding publication (i.e., January 1 for the February issue). Daily Meeting: Mid-Shore Intergroup Alcoholics Anonymous. For places and times, call 410822-4226 or visit midshoreintergroup.org. Daily Meeting: Al-Anon and Alateen - For a complete list of times and locations in the Mid-Shore a re a, v i sit ea ste r n shore mdalanon.org/meetings.

Thru Feb. 2 Exhibit: Emergent ~ Visual Sips from the Waterline by Lynn Teo Simarski at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit adkinsarboretum.org. Thru Feb. 4 Exhibit: Beth van Hoesen ~ Prints ~ Selections from the Permanent Collection at the

Every Thurs.-Sat. Amish Country Farmer’s Market in Easton. An indoor market offering fresh produce, meats, dairy products, furniture and more. 101 Marlboro Ave. For more info. tel: 410-822-8989. 165

January Calendar

Soothsayers - 3D Works on Paper by Emily Lombardo at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. The Soothsayers is an installation of sculptural prints. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org.

Academy Art Museum, Easton. Throughout her career, Beth van Hoesen distinguished herself as a draftsman and printmaker. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org.

Thru Feb. 25 Exhibit: The Caprichos - Goya and Lombardo by Emily Lombardo at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. A series of etchings is an homage to Francisco Goya’s Los Caprichos, 1799. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org. T h r u M a r c h 1 1 E x h i bit: T he

Thru June 3 Exhibit: Bob Grieser’s Lens on the Chesapeake, a photographic exhibition featuring both black-and-white and color images at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. The exhibit showcases iconic photos of life on the Chesapeake Bay, and of the Bay itself. For more info. visit cbmm.org. 2 Creepy Crawlers class (Wintery Waterfowl) at the Chesapeake Bay Environmental Center, Grasonville. Creepy Crawlers classes are open to 2- to 5-year-olds accompanied by an adult. 10 to 11:15 a.m. Class includes story time, craft, hike, live animals (or artifacts), and a snack. Creepy Crawlers is held rain or shine,


and everyone should dress for the weather. All hikes will be stroller-accessible. Pre-registration is required. $3 members, $5 non -me mb e r s . For mor e info. visit bayrestoration.org/ creepy-crawlers.

2,4,9,11,16,18,23,25,30 Steady a nd St rong exercise cla ss at the Oxford Community Center. Tuesdays and Thursdays at 10:30 a.m. $8 per class. For more info. tel: 410-226-5904 or visit oxfordcc.org.

2 Meeting: Eastern Shore Amputee Support Group at the House of Hunan, Easton. Noon. Everyone is welcome. For more info. tel: 410-820-9695.

2,9,16,23,30 Mixed/Gentle Yoga at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living in Easton. 1:30 to 2:45 p.m. For more info. tel: 410819-3395 or visit evergreeneaston.org.

2 Mov ie Night at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living in Easton. 7 to 9 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-819-3395 or visit evergreeneaston.org.

2,9,16,23,30 Meeting: Bridge Cli nic Suppor t Group at t he U M Shore Medical Center at Dorchester. Every Tuesday from 6 to 7:30 p.m. Free, confidential



Where Integrity Meets Innovation




January Calendar support group for individuals who have been hospitalized for behavioral reasons. For more i n fo. tel: 410 -228 - 5511, ex t. 2140.

2,9,16,23,30 Acoustic Jam Night at the Oxford Community Center. Tuesdays from 6:30 to 8:30 p.m. Bring your instruments and take part in the jam session! For more info. tel: 410-226-5904 or visit oxfordcc.org. 2,16 Meeting: Breast Feeding Support Group from 10 to 11:30 a.m. at UM Shore Medical Center, 5th floor meeting room, Easton. For more info. tel: 410-822-1000, ext. 5700 or visit shorehealth.org.

Dorchester County Library, Cambridge. First and third Tuesdays at 6 p.m. Sponsored by Coastal Hospice & Palliative Care. For more info. tel: 443-978-0218. 3 Maker Space at the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels. 3:30 p.m. Enjoy ST E M (Science, Technology, Engineering & Math) for children 6 and older. For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit tcfl.org. 3 Meeting: Nar-Anon at Immanuel United Church of Christ, Cambridge. 7 p.m. For more info. tel: 800-477-6291 or visit naranon.org. 3,8,10,15,17,22,24,29,31 Free Blood Pressure Screening from 9 a.m. to noon, Mondays and Wednesdays at Universit y of Maryland Shore Regional Health Diagnostic and Imaging Center, Easton. For more info. tel: 410820-7778.

2,16 Cancer Patient Support Group at the Cancer Center at UM Shore Regional Health Center, Idlewild Ave., Easton. 5 to 7 p.m. For more info. tel: 443-254-5940 or visit umshoreregional.org.

3,10,17,24,31 Meeting: Wednesday Morning Artists. 8 a.m. at Creek Deli in Cambridge. No cost. All disciplines and skill levels welcome. Guest speakers, roundtable d iscussions, st udio tours and other art-related activities. For more info. visit Facebook or tel: 410-463-0148.

2,16 Grief Support Group at the

3,10,17,24,31 Chair Yoga w ith


interested in writing is invited to participate. For more info. tel: 443-521-0039. 3,17,31 Yoga Nidra Meditation at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Liv ing in Easton. 6:45 to 7:45 p.m. For more info. tel: 410 - 819 -3 395 or v i sit e ve r greeneaston.org.

Susan Irwin at the St. Michaels Housing Authority Community Room, Dodson Ave. 9:30 to 10:15 a.m. Free. For more info. tel: 410-745-6073 or visit stmichaelscc.org. 3,10,17,24,31 The Senior Gathering at the St. Michaels Community Center, 10:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. for a well-prepared meal from Upper Shore Aging. For more info. tel: 410-745-6073 or visit stmichaelscc.org. 3,10,17,24,31 Acupuncture Clinic at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living in Easton. noon to 1 p.m. For more info. tel: 410819-3395 or visit evergreeneaston.org. 3,10,17,24,31 Meeting: Choptank Writers Group from 3 to 5 p.m. at t he Dorchester Center for the Arts, Cambridge. Everyone

4 Dog Walking at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. 10 a.m. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit adkinsarboretum.org. 4 Arts & Crafts at the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels. 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. Free instruction for knitting, beading, needlework and more. For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit tcfl.org. 4 Drop-In STEAM: Science, Technolog y, Engineering, A r t and Mathematics from 3:30 to 4:45 p.m. at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. Minecraft, Virtual Reality, build with LEGOs, and more. For ages 6 and up. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcfl.org. 4 Pet Loss Support Group from 6 to 7 p.m. at Talbot Hospice, Easton. Monthly support group for those grieving the loss of a beloved pet. For more info. tel: 410-822-0107. 4,11,18,25 Men’s Group Meeting at


January Calendar Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living in Easton. Thursdays from 7:30 to 9 a.m. Weekly meeting where men can frankly and openly deal with issues in their lives. For more info. tel: 410-819-3395 or visit evergreeneaston.org. 4,11,18,25 Thursday Studio ~ a Weekly Mentored Painting Session with Diane DuBois Mullaly at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Full day: 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. ($150/4 weeks for members). Half day: 9:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m. or 12:30-3:30 p.m. ($95/4 weeks for members). Drop-in fee (payable directly to instructor): $45 full day (10 a.m.-4 p.m.); $25 half day (10 a.m.-1 p.m. or 1-4 p.m.). For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org.

Open to all who want to learn this ancient Chinese game of skill. Drop-ins welcome. Free. For more info. tel: 410-745-6073 or visit stmichaelscc.org. 4,11,18,25 Caregivers Support Group at Talbot Hospice. 1 to 2:15 p.m. This weekly support group is for caregivers of a loved one with a life-limiting illness. For more info. tel: 410-822-6681 or e-mail bdemattia@talbothospice.org.

4,11,18,25 Mahjong at the St. Michaels Communit y Center. 10 a.m. to noon on Thursdays. 4,11,18,25 Kent Island Farmer’s Market from 3:30 to 6:30 p.m. every Thursday at Christ Church, 830 Romancoke Rd., Stevensville. For more info. visit kifm830.wixsite.com/kifm. 4,18 Classical Yoga at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living in Easton. 12:30 to 2 p.m. For more 170

info. tel: 410-819-3395 or visit evergreeneaston.org.

221-1978, 410-901-9711 or visit wascaclubs.com.

5 Monthly Coffee & Critique with Katie Cassidy and Diane DuBois Mullaly at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to noon. $10 per person. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org.

5 Concert: Dan Navarro in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit avalonfoundation.org.

5 First Friday in downtown Easton. Art galleries offer new shows and have many of their artists present throughout the evening. Tour the galleries, sip a drink and explore the fine talents of local artists. 5 to 8 p.m. 5 First Friday in downtown Chestertown. Art galleries offer new shows and have many of their artists present throughout the evening. Tour the galleries, sip a drink and explore the fine talents of local artists. 5 to 8 p.m. 5 First Friday reception at Studio B Gallery, Easton. 5 to 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 443-988-1818 or visit studioBartgallery.com. 5 Dorchester Sw ingers Square Dancing Club meets at Maple Elementar y School on Eg y pt Rd., Cambridge. $7 for guest members to dance. Club members and obser vers are f ree. Refreshments provided. 7:30 to 10 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-

5,6,12,13,19,20 Class: Introduct ion to Copper plate Etching w it h Emily L ombardo at t he Academy Art Museum, Easton. Fridays and Saturdays from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. $500 members, $600 non-members, plus $60 materials fee. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org. 5,6,12,13,19,20,26,27 Rock ’N’ Bowl at Choptank Bowling Center, Cambridge. 9 to 11:59 p.m. Unlimited bowling, food and


January Calendar drink specials, blacklighting, disco lights, and jammin’ music. Rental shoes included. $13.99 every Friday and Saturday night. For more info. visit choptankbowling.com. 5,12,19,26 Meeting: Friday Morning Artists at Denny’s in Easton. 8 a.m. All disciplines welcome. Free. For more info. tel: 443955-2490. 5,12,19,26 Meeting: Vets Helping Vets at the Hurlock American Legion #243. 9 a.m. Informational meeting to help vets find services. For more info. tel: 410943-8205 after 4 p.m. 5,12,19,26 Gentle Yoga at Evergreen: A Center for Balanced Living in Easton. 10:30 to 11:15 a.m. For more info. tel: 410-819-3395 or visit evergreeneaston.org. 5,12,19,26 Bingo! every Friday night at the Easton Volunteer Fire Department on Creamery Lane, Easton. Doors open at 6:30 p.m. and games start at 7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-4848. 5-Feb.23 Winter After School Art Club with Susan Horsey at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Fridays from 3:45 to 5 p.m. $120

members, $130 non-members. For more info. tel: 410 -822ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org. 6 Waterfowl Walk in the Sanctuary areas at Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge. Guided walks beg i n at 8 a.m. w it h a loc a l birding expert. Registration is limited to the first 20. Children over 12 are permitted, but no dogs. Free. For more info. tel: 443-691-9370 or visit http://bit. ly/2vWPDBt. 6 First Sat urday g uided wa lk. 10 a.m. at Adkins Arboretum, Ridgely. Free for members, $5 admission for non-members. For more info. tel: 410-634-2847, ext. 0 or visit adkinsarboretum.org. 6 Lecture: Grow & Eat Sprouts and Microgreens at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 11 a.m. Just


because it’s winter doesn’t mean you can’t grow fresh, healthy food. Gregory Rohman describes how to grow microgreens and sprouts for sandwiches and salads. These tasty, crunchy seedlings are packed with vitamins and can be grown indoors. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcfl.org.

6-7 Workshop: Boating Essentials at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. Saturday from 10 a.m. to noon, and Sunday from 2 to 4 p.m. Led by Captain Jerry Friedman, a 100ton, USCG-licensed Master, class participants will gain knowledge and confidence in reading charts, understanding navigational aids, plotting courses, proper anchor-

ing, knot tying, knowing what to do in emergencies, and other helpful information for anyone who spends time aboard a boat. $25 members, $35 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-745-4980 or visit cbmm.org. 8 Meeting: Caroline County AARP Chapter #915 at noon, with a covered dish luncheon at the Church of the Nazarene in Denton. Enjoy a fun game of Bingo! New members are welcome. For more info. tel: 410-482-6039. 8 Stitching Time at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 3 to 5 p.m. Bring projects in progress (sew ing, knitting, cross-

A Taste of Italy

218 N. Washington St. Easton (410) 820-8281 www.piazzaitalianmarket.com 173

January Calendar stitch, what-have-you). Limited instruction available for beginners and newcomers. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcfl.org.

ties, and consideration should be given to the use of space and scale to provide an unexpected interpretation of the subject. The public is encouraged to attend. 7 to 9 p.m. For more info. visit tidewatercameraclub.org.

8 Meeting: Tidewater Camera Club at the Talbot Community Center, Easton. Speaker Steve Dembo on Point of View. He will discuss the many options photographers have regarding how, when, and where to point their cameras to best interpret a subject visually. Steve states that scenes should be viewed from different angles, on different days, in different lights, from afar or close. Some pictures may have strong graphic quali-

8 Open Mic at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Share and appreciate the rich tapestry of creativity, skills and knowledge that thrives here. All ages and styles of performance are welcome. The event is open to all ages. 7 to 9 p.m. Admission is free. For more info. e-mail RayRemesch@ gmail.com. 8 Meeting: Cambridge Coin Club at the Dorchester County Public Library. 7:30 p.m. Annual dues $5. For more info. tel: 443-521-0679. 8 Meeting: Live Playwrights’ Society at the Garfield Center, Chestertown. 7:30 to 9 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-810-2060. 8,15,22,29 Meeting: Overeaters


Anonymous at UM Shore Medical Center in Easton. 5:15 to 6:15 p.m. For more info. visit oa.org.

non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org.

8,15,22,29 Monday Night Trivia at the Market Street Public House, Denton. 7:30 to 9:30 p.m. Join host Norm Amorose for a funfilled evening. For more info. tel: 410-479-4720.

8-Feb. 12 Class: Intermediate and Advanced Potter’s Wheel with Paul Aspell at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Mondays from 1 to 3 p.m. $195 members, $234 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org.

8-Feb. 12 Class: Intermediate/Advanced Pottery with Paul Aspell at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Mondays from 9:30 to 11:30 a.m. $195 members, $234

9 Advanced Healthcare Planning at Talbot Hospice, Easton. 11 a.m. Hospice staff and trained volunteers will help you understand your options for advanced healthcare planning and complete your advance direct ive paperwork. For more info. tel: 410-822-6681. 9 Meeting: Us Too Prostate Cancer Support Group at UM Shore Regional Cancer Center, Idlewild Ave ., E a s ton. 6:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-820-6800, ext. 2300 or visit umshoreregional.org.

S. Hanks Interior Design Suzanne Hanks Litty Oxford, Maryland shanks@dmv.com

410-310-4151 175

January Calendar 9 Meeting: Tidewater Stamp Club at the Mayor and Council Building, Easton. 7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-6471 or visit twstampclub.com. 9 A l l-You- C a n-E at homemade chicken and dumplings at the A m e r i c a n L e g i o n , Po s t 7 0 , Easton. Carry-out available. For more info., including time, tel: 410-822-9138. 9,23 Meeting: Sangha (Buddhist Study Group) at Evergreen: A C enter for Ba la nc e d L iv i ng, Easton. 6:30 to 8 p.m. Open to the public. For more info. tel: 410 - 819 -3 395 or v i sit e ve r greeneaston.org. 10 Meeting: Bayside Quilters from 9 a.m. to noon at the Easton Volunteer Fire Department on Aurora Park Drive, Easton. Guests are welcome, memberships are available. For more info. e-mail mhr2711@gmail.com. 10 STEM Story Time at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, sponsored by the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels. 10:30 a.m. Enjoy STEM (Science, Te c h nolog y, E ng i ne er i ng , & Math) story time and learn about animals in winter at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum,

St. Michaels. Pre-registration is required for free admission to the museum. For ages 5 and under accompanied by an adult. For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit tcfl.org. 10 Grief Support Group Meeting ~ Shattering the Silence at Talbot Hospice, Easton. 6 to 7:30 p.m. Suppor t group for those who have lost a loved one to substance abuse or addiction. Free and open to the public. For more info. tel: 410-822-6681 or e-mail bdemattia@talbothospice.org. 10 Peer Support Group Meeting ~ Together: Positive Approaches at the Bank of America building, 8 Goldsboro Street, Easton. 6 to 7:30 p.m. Peer support group for family members currently struggling with a loved one with substance use disorder, led by trained facilitators. Free. For more info. e-mail mariahsmission2014@gmail.com.


10 Meeting: Baywater Camera Club at the Dorchester Center for the Arts, Cambridge. 6 to 8 p.m. All are welcome. For more info. tel: 443-939-7744.

with Paul Aspell at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Wednesdays from 9:30 to 11:30 a.m. $195 members, $234 non-members. For more info. tel: 410 -822ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org.

10 Me et i ng: O pt i m i st Club at Washington Street Pub, Easton. 6:30 to 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-310-9347. 10,24 Bay Hundred Chess Club from 1 to 3 p.m. at the Talbot Count y Free Librar y, St. Michaels. Players gather for friendly competition and instruction. For more info. tel: 410-745-9490.

10-Feb. 14 Class: Intermediate/ Advanced Hand Building with Paul Aspell at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Wednesdays from 1 to 3 p.m. $195 members, $234 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org. 10,24 Minecraf t at t he Ta lbot Count y Free Librar y, St. Michaels. 3:30 p.m. for ages 5 and up. For more info. tel: 410-7455877 or visit tcfl.org. 10-Feb. 14 Class: Beginning and Inter mediate Pot ter’s Wheel

11 Family Unplugged Games at the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels. 3:30 p.m. Bring the whole family for an afternoon of board games and f un. For all ages (children 5 and under accompanied by an adult). For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcfl.org.


January Calendar 11 Young Gardeners Club, sponsored by the Talbot County Garden Club, at the Talbot County Free Librar y, Easton. 3:45 to 4:45 p.m. For grades 1 to 4. Preregistration required. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcfl.org. 11 Member Night: An Evening with Marc Castelli at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. 5 to 7 p.m. Artist Marc Castelli returns to share a slide presentation featuring his annual show of photographs taken while out on the water in all the fisheries for the year August to

August. Attendance is limited. For more info. tel: 410-745-4980 or visit cbmm.org. 11 Concert: Southern Avenue in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit avalonfoundation.org. 11-Feb 25 Exhibit: The Mitchell Gallery at St. John’s College presents About Prints: The Legacy of Stanley William Hayter and Atelier 17, an exhibition that explores the life and legacy of pioneering printmaker Stanley William Hayter and his groundbreaking Paris and New York studios, Atelier 17. The exhibition

Marc Castelli 178

is free and open to the public. For more info. tel: 410-626-2556 or visit sjc.edu/mitchell-gallery. 11,25 Memoir Writers at the Talbot Count y Free Librar y, St. Michaels. 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. Record and share your memories of life a nd fa mi ly. Pa r t icipa nt s a re invited to bring their lunch. For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit tcfl.org. 12 Tavern Live: Alex Barnett to play at the Robert Morris Inn, Oxford from 6:30 to 8:30 p.m. For reservations tel: 410-226-5111.

12 Concert: Vance Gilbert in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit avalonfoundation.org. 1 3 Friends of the Librar y Second Saturday Book Sale at the Dorchester County Public Library, Cambridge. 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-228-7331 or visit dorchesterlibrary.org. 13 Film: The Opera House at the 179

January Calendar

For more info. tel: 410-745-5059 or visit wyeriverdesigns.com. 13 Second Saturday at the Artsway from 2 to 4 p.m., 401 Market Street, Denton. Interact w ith artists as they demonstrate their work. For more info. tel: 410-4791009 or visit carolinearts.org. Avalon Theatre, Easton. 1 p.m. The Opera House, a new film by multiple Emmy Award–winning documentary filmmaker Susan Froemke, surveys a remarkable period of the Metropolitan Opera’s rich history and a time of great change for New York. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit avalonfoundation.org. 13 Steampunk Crab Workshop at the A. M. Gravely Gallery, St. Michaels. 1 to 4 p.m. Decorate a crab in the steampunk genre using paint, epoxy clay, watch parts and other embellishments. $25.

13 Second Saturday and Art Walk in Historic Downtown Cambridge on Race, Poplar, Muir and High streets. Shops will be open late. Galleries will be opening new shows and holding receptions. Restaurants w ill feature live music. 5 to 9 p.m. For more info. visit CambridgeMainStreet.com. 13 Second Saturday Art Night Out in St. Michaels. Take a walking tour of St. Michaels’ six fine art galleries, all centrally located on Talbot Street. For more info. tel: 410-745-9535 or visit townofstmichaels.org.



C onc e r t : C o m e d i a n D r e w Landry in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410822-7299 or visit avalonfoundation.org.

13-14 Class: Chart Navigation at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. Saturday from 10 a.m. to noon, and Sunday from 2 to 4 p.m. Captain Jerry Friedman, a 100 -ton, USCG licensed Master, will lead this t wo - d ay work shop, te ach i ng participants the necessary steps

needed to plan a cruise using nav igat ion char ts, which includes plotting courses to safely pilot a boat from one location to another. $25 members, $35 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-745-4980 or visit cbmm.org. 13,27 Country Church Breakfast

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January Calendar at Fa it h Ch ap el a nd Tr app e United Methodist churches in Wesley Hall, Trappe. 7:30 to 10:30 a.m. TUMC is also the home of “Martha’s Closet” Yard Sale and Community Outreach Store, open during the breakfast and every Wednesday from 8:30 a.m. to noon.

13-Feb. 10 5th annual Winter Challenge ~ A Painting a Day for 30 Days! with Diane DuBois Mullaly at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Saturdays from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. $185 members, $222 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org. 14 Firehouse Breakfast at the Oxford Volunteer Fire Company. 8 to 11 a.m. Proceeds to benefit fire and ambulance services. $10

for adults and $5 for children under 10. For more info. tel: 410-226-5110. 14 Three Movie Marathon at the Ta lbot C ount y Free L ibra r y, Easton. Titles TBA. Movie times are 10 a.m., noon, and 2 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcfl.org. 14,21 All-You-Can-Eat breakfast at the American Legion, Post 70, Easton. 8 to 11 a.m. Carryout available. For more info. tel: 410-822-9138.

15 Martin Luther King, Jr. Day 15 Creepy Crawlers Gardening class (What Is a Plant?) at the Chesapeake Bay Environmental Center, Grasonv ille. Creepy Crawlers gardening classes are open to 2- to 5-year-olds accompanied by an adult. 10 to 11:15 a.m. Class involves hands-on work in our garden, games or arts and crafts, and a snack. These classes are held rain or shine, and everyone


should dress for the weather. Pre-registration is required. $3 members, $5 non-members. For more info. visit bayrestoration. org/creepy-crawlers. 15 Caregiver Support Group at the Talbot County Senior Center, Easton. 1 p.m. For more info. tel: 443-746-3698 or visit snhealth.net.

Winter Clearance Sale! Up to 20% OFF all in-stock Boats, Bikes & Stand-Up Paddle Boards

16 Read with a Certified Therapy Dog at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 4 p.m. Bring a book or choose a library book and read with Janet Dickey and her dog Latte. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcfl.org. 16-Feb. 20 Class: Basic Drawing ~ Gaining New Confidence in Value and Composit ion w ith Katie Cassidy at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Tuesdays from 10 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. $185 members, $222 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org. 16-March 27 Story Time at the Ta lbot C ount y Free L ibra r y, Easton. Tuesdays at 10 a.m. For children 5 and under accompanied by an adult. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcfl.org. 17 Work shop: Int roduct ion to 183

* In Stock Only Exp. 1/31/18

723 Goldsborough St. 410-822-RIDE(7433)

January Calendar Pastel with Katie Cassidy at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 9:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. $60 members, $72 non-members, plus a small materials fee. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org. 17 Library Café at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 10 a.m. to noon. The weather outside is frightful, so warm yourself up with some coffee or tea (on the library), browse a magazine, read a book, color, or sit and chat. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcfl.org. 17 Meeting: Dorchester Caregivers Support Group from 1 to 2 p.m. at Pleasant Day Adult Medical Day Care, Cambridge. For more info. tel: 410-228-0190. 17 Child Loss Support Group at Talbot Hospice, Easton. 6 p.m. This support group is for anyone grieving the loss of a child of any age. Free and open to the public. For more info. tel: 410-822-6681 or e-mail bdemattia@talbothospice.org. 17 Yoga class at the Centreville bra nch of t he Q ue en A n ne’s County Library. 6 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-758-0980 or visit qaclibrary.org/calendar.

17-Feb. 14 Class: Intermediate Drawing ~ Interiors and Still Life with Daniel Riesmeyer at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Wednesdays from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. $175 members, $210 nonmembers. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org. 18 Lunch & Learn: HOOPLA at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. Noon. Join Jo Powers, Information Services Librarian, for a tour of one of the library’s most popular electronic resources ~ HOOPL A. With over 500,000 items available 24/7, HOOPLA of fers you mov ies, telev ision shows, ebooks, audiobooks, and music ~ all absolutely free from the librar y. Sponsored by the Friends of the Library. Bring your lunch. Coffee and dessert will be provided. For more info. tel: 410822-1626 or visit tcfl.org.


18 Stroke Survivor’s Support Group at Pleasant Day Medical Adult Day Care in Cambridge. 1 to 2 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-2280190 or visit pleasantday.com.

peake Bay Environmental Center, Gra sonv i l le. 1 to 3 p.m. Free for CBEC members, $5 for non-members. Pre-registration is required. For more info. visit bayrestoration.org.

18 Third Thursday in downtown Denton from 5 to 7 p.m. Shop for one-of-a-kind floral arrangements, gifts and home decor, dine out on a porch with views of the Choptank River, or enjoy a stroll around town as businesses extend their hours. For more info. tel: 410-479-0655. 18 Meeting of the Nanticoke Historic Preservation Alliance at Waugh Chapel, Cambridge. Meet and greet with soup and appetizers at 5:30 p.m. and a brief annual meeting at 6 p.m. Learn about Handsell with a featured presentation by living history interpreter Bill Grimmette on The Honorable Mr. Douglass Returns Home to Tuckahoe Creek. Free and open to the public. For more info. visit restorehandsell.org. 18-Feb. 22 Class: Foundations of Portrait Drawing with Bradford Ross at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Thursdays from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. $170 members, $204 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org. 18,27 Guided Hike at the Chesa-

19 Mini Masters Academy Open House at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 10 a.m. to noon. Mini Masters is an art-based, early enrichment program for children 2 to 4 years old. Associated with the Smithsonian’s Early Enrichment Program, Mini Masters offers a program rich in the arts, as well as developmentally appropriate activities designed to foster the skills needed for the school years and beyond. Mini Masters believes in childcentered, exploratory learning, and all activities are based on leading research in early childhood learning and development. Our multi-age mix of children ensures that children learn from each other and develop compassion. For more info. tel: 410822-2787 or e-mail jhendricks@ academyartmuseum.


January Calendar 19 Mid-Shore Pro Bono Legal Clinic at the Dorchester County Public Library, Cambridge. 1 to 3 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-690-8128 or visit midshoreprobono.org.

demonstration followed by a two-course luncheon with a glass of wine. $68 per person with limited guest numbers. Dietary requirements can be accommodated if we are notified a week in advance. Demonstrations and recipes can be subject to change. For more info. tel: 410-226-5111

19-20 Robert Burns Night supper at the Robert Morris Inn, Oxford. The Burns Supper is an institution of Scottish life: a night to celebrate the life and works of the national Bard and all things Scottish. Ours is an indulgent affair with fine old ma lt wh i sk y, f i ne w i ne, ou r proven Scottish dishes, poetry by Colin and our Eastern Shore Piper. $98 per person excluding tax and gratuity. Price includes the meal, wines, whisky and entertainment. Sociable seating at tables of eight and ten. To enjoy this evening to the full, we advise you to book your room early. For reservations tel: 410-226-5111.

20 Family Boatshop Program at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. Projects vary from steam-bending wood to ma k ing cut t ing boards or helping to build a wooden boat. 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. The program is limited to children 10 years of age and older, who must be accompanied by an adult. $45 per person, per session for CBMM members, and $55 per person, per session for non-members. For more info. tel: 410-745-4980 or visit cbmm.org.

20 Cooking demonstration ~ The Bay Oyster w ith master chef Mark Salter at the Robert Morris Inn, Oxford. 10 a.m. Two-hour

20 Family Photography Workshop at the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels. 1 to 2:30 p.m. Explore the work of Robert


de Gast to learn some of the photographic principles that make his images so captivating. Then, take your own de Gast-inspired pictures using your smartphone or camera on CBMM’s campus. $5 members, $8 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-745-4941 or visit cbmm.org. 20 Tavern Live: Diana Wagner to play at the Robert Morris Inn, Oxford, from 6:30 to 8:30 p.m. For reservations tel: 410-2265111.

or visit avalonfoundation.org. 20 Karaoke with Allan at the American Legion, Post 70, Easton. 8 to 11 p.m. Come for dinner before or during karaoke. Kitchen closes at 9 p.m. For more info. tel: 410822-9138. 20-Feb. 10 Class: Marine Painting Techniques with Matthew Hillier at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Saturdays from 10 a.m.

20 Concert: Classic Albums Live Series features Zeppelin II at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299

NEW LISTING - Unique home featuring many upgrades and renovations in country setting, just minutes to St. Michaels. Home features open floor plan on first level, brick front porch, and side deck. Perfect for a weekend home. $289,000

NEW LISTING - St. Michaels - Contemporary home, completely updated and renovated. Featuring 5 BRs, including large private master, 4 full BAs, new kitchen, SS appliances, granite counter tops. Located on private street just off harbor. $648,750

y Happ ar! e Y New 101 N. West Street, Easton, MD 21601 Office: 410-820-8000 monicapenwellrealtor@gmail.com

www.meredithfineproperties.com 187

Monica Penwell 410-310-0225

January Calendar

wick at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. 9:30 a.m. to noon. $45 members, $54 non-members, plus a small materials fee: $8 paid to the instructor. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org.

to 2 p.m. $210 members, $252 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org. 22 Coloring for Teens and Adults at the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels. 3:30 p.m. Explore the relaxing process of coloring. For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit tcfl.org. 22 Book Discussion - Title TBD at the Talbot County Free Library, E a s ton. 6:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcfl.org. 22 Meeting: Tidewater Camera C lub at t he Ta lb ot C om munity Center, Easton. Competition meeting. 7 to 9 p.m. For more info. visit tidewatercameraclub. org. 23 Workshop: Collage ~ Scrap Happy Day with Sheryl South-

23 Meeting: Tidewater Stamp Club at the Sun Trust Bank (basement Maryland Room), Easton. 1 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-6471 or visit twstampclub.com. 23 Lecture: Garden Design Inspiration from All Corners of the Globe w it h conser vator y horticulturalist Karl Gercens III at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 1:30 p.m. Gercens w ill rev iew a few of the 2,500 gardens he has visited in 28 countries since beginning work at Longwood Gardens 20 years ago. Free and open to the public. Sponsored by the Talbot County Garden Club. For more info. e-mail dorothyhoopes@ gmail.com. 23 Grief Support Group at Talbot Hospice, Easton. 5 to 6:30 p.m. This ongoing monthly support group is for anyone in the community who has lost a loved one, regardless of whether they were served by Talbot Hospice. Free and open to the public. For more info. tel: 410-822-6681 or e-mail



Chesapeake Bay Environmental Center, Grasonville, with JeanFrancois Therrien on Winter Migrants ~ Snowy Owls and More! Refreshments and beverages starting at 6:30 p.m. and the actual presentation from 7 to 7:45 p.m. Cost will be $10/ session for CBEC members; $15/ session for non-members.

23 Meeting: Breast Cancer Support Group at UM Shore Regional Cancer Center, Idlewild Ave., Easton. 6 to 7:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-1000, ext. 5411 or visit umshoreregional.org. 23 Meeting: Women Supporting Women, lo c a l bre a s t c a nc er support group, meets at Christ Episcopal Church, Cambridge. 6:30 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-463-0946. 23-Feb. 27 Class: Let’s Get Started in Painting with Sheryl Southwick at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Tuesdays from 1:30 to 4 p.m. $150 members, $180 non-members. For more info. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org. 24 Story Time at the Talbot County Free Library, St. Michaels. 10:30 a.m. For children ages 5 and under, accompanied by an adult. For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit tcfl.org. 24 Meeting: Diabetes Suppor t Group at the Dorchester Family Y MCA, Cambridge. 5:30 p.m. Free and open to the public. For more info. tel: 410-822-1000, ext. 5196. 24 Critters and Cocktails at the

24-Feb. 28 Class: Pastel Painting ~ Fundamentals and Personal Study with Katie Cassidy at the Academy Art Museum, Easton. Wednesdays from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. $200 member, $240 nonmember. For more i n fo. tel: 410-822-ARTS (2787) or visit academyartmuseum.org. 25 Family Craf ts at the Talbot Count y Free Librar y, St. Michaels. 3:30 p.m. Make marbleized paper (wear old clothes). For more info. tel: 410-745-5877 or visit tcfl.org. 25 Teen Board Game Night at the Ta lbot C ount y Free L ibra r y, Easton. 6 to 7:30 p.m. Join us as we play real, live, face-to-face board games. For grades 6 to 12. Light refreshments. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcfl.org. 26 Charades with a Twist: Acting Out at the Library from 5:30 to 8 p.m. at the Talbot County Free


January Calendar


Library, Easton. The Friends of the Library invite you to join in on a wonderful evening of food, delectable drink, lively entertainment, and scintillating conversation. Come prepared to solve dramatically presented clues that will challenge your literary knowledge of book titles and authors. All proceeds benefit both the Easton and St. Michaels libraries. $50 per person. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcfl.org. 27 Puppet Show: Pig Tales at the Ta lbot C ount y Free L ibra r y, Easton. 11 a.m. Blue Sky Theatre presents a professional theater experience for the whole family. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcfl.org.

Me e t t he A ut hor: Ta l k in g About Single Payer with James Burdick, MD, at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. 2 to 3:30 p.m. Burdick will discuss ideas ga r ner e d f r om i nter v ie w i ng health care professionals and his own extensive research. The author describes an optimistic ne w appr oac h to i mpr ov i ng health care deliver y to cover every American. For more info. tel: 81 5-236 - 5 465 or e -ma i l doschuessler@msn.com.

27 Concert: Ken & Brad Kolodner in the Stoltz Listening Room, Avalon Theatre, Easton. 8 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit avalonfoundation.org.

27 The Met: Live in HD with Tosca by Puccini at the Avalon Theatre, Easton. 1 p.m. For more info. tel: 410-822-7299 or visit avalonfoundation.org.

500 Talbot Street, St. Michaels 410-714-0334


visit baywateranimalrescue.org. 29 Book Discussion: The God of Small Things at the Talbot County Free Librar y, Easton. 6:30 p.m. Bill Peak hosts a discussion of Arundhati Roy’s Man Booker Prize Winner. For more info. tel: 410-822-1626 or visit tcfl.org. 28 All-You-Can-Eat Spay-ghetti Dinner to benefit the Baywater A nimal Rescue’s spay/neuter fund at the East New Market Fire Hall. 4 p.m. Music, prizes, bow wow bingo, 50/50 raffle and more! $8 adults, $4 children under 12, $20 family of four (2 adults, 2 children under 12). For more info. tel: 410-228-3090 or

31 We Are Makers from 4 to 5 p.m. at the Talbot County Free Library, Easton. Design and create gadgets and gizmos with guided instruction and a fun box full of supplies. For ages 6 and up. Limited space. Pre-registration required. For more info. tel: 410822-1626 or visit tcfl.org.

Celebrating 25 Years Tracy Cohee Hodges Vice President Area Manager Eastern Shore Lending

111 N. West St., Suite C Easton, MD 21601 410-820-5200 tcohee@firsthome.com


NMLS ID: 148320

This is not a guarantee to extend consumer credit. All loans are subject to credit approval and property appraisal. First Home Mortgage Corporation NMLS ID #71603 (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org)


WATERFRONT CONDO Overlooking the Choptank River - 2 bedroom, 2 bath unit. Many Upgrades! Surrounded by golf course, nature trails and access to the Choptank River and beach. Chesapeake Bay Hyatt Resort amenity packages available separately. $359,000 www.golfresortcondo.com

SPORTMAN’S PARADISE! Great inland farmette with ponds, mature wood and field. Farmhouse with 2-3 BRs, 2 BAs, original hardwood floors, living room with gas insert fireplace. Guest cottage with full BR and BA. Great hunting farm! In-ground gunite pool, multiple outbuildings. $375,000

MASTERS VILLAGE PERFECTION! 4 BR, 2.5 BA home in the Easton Club. Open floor plan, featuring great room with stone FG, eat-in kitchen, formal DR, FR and separate office. Master bedroom suite with balcony. Screened-in porch, paver patio, extensive landscaping and 2-car garage. Community pool and tennis courts. $497,000

R ARE OPPORTUNITY IN HISTORIC DISTRICT All brick home circa 1910. Wonderfully renovated with modern conveniences. Custom kitchen and baths, 9’ ceilings, hardwood floors, 2 fireplaces. Close to the Choptank River and yacht club. Zoned general commercial. $205,000

Waterfront Estates, Farms and Hunting Properties also available.

Kathy Christensen

410-924-4814(C) · 410-822-1415(O ) Benson & Mangold Real Estate 27999 Oxford Road, Oxford, Maryland 21654 kccamb@gmail.com · www.kathychristensen.com


Gorgeous manor house on 5 easilymaintained acres, deep water dock, near Easton. $1,190,000

Very comfortable home set on two acres between Easton and Oxford. Move-in condition. $1,195,000

60 acre waterfront farm. 3,000 ft. of shoreline. Charming home. Pool. Hunting. Deep water. $1,895,000

SHORELINE REALTY 114 Goldsborough St., Easton, MD 21601 410-822-7556 ¡ 410-310-5745 www.shorelinerealty.biz ¡ info@shorelinerealty.biz