Lighting Journal September 2023

Page 1

Professional best practice from the Institution of Lighting Professionals

September 2023


Why we need to celebrate how lighting schemes interlink and overlap

A ‘NEGLECTED’ POLLUTANT Lords’ committee calls for national policy to tackle light pollution


Young lighters on why they chose their career and how entry routes can be improved

The publication for all lighting professionals


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Concerns are growing about the impact on the industry of the government’s proposed ‘minimum energy performance standards’ (MEPS) for light sources, not helped by a distinct sense of political disengagement withinWhitehall,as Bob Bohannon explains


After hearing evidence from across the profession, including the ILP and SLL, the Lords Science and Technology Committee published its report into its inquiry into light and noise pollution in July.The key is what happens next


If lighting professionals – and society as a whole – don’t start to get to grips with light pollution, especially urban skyglow and light spill, we’re going to be faced with the prospect of‘death by a thousand lights’, writes Jack Ellerby


Balancing darkness, ecology, safety and lighting is tricky, as Amy Rennie explains


It is very easy as a lighting designer to work to self-imposed red lines about where a project ‘ends’. But, especially in the public realm, lighting doesn’t work like that.Luciana Martinez makes the case that we need to be recognising, and celebrating,the increasingly complex ways light and lighting schemes overlap


Lighting Journal joined forces with the YLP in June to understand better whyyounglightersarechoosinglightingas a career and how pathways or entry routes into the profession can be improved


An LED retrofit by Signify to Dublin Port Tunnel has slashed emissions, energy usage and maintenance time and costs.Moreover,bydesigningacustomLED tray that fitted seamlessly into the original lantern bodies, it embraced a circular economy approach.Sean Campbell reports


This year’s Professional Lighting Summit at Manchester’s Museum of Science and Industry brought together the profession for two days of high-quality CPD, networking and showcasing


Five ‘strategic implementation programmes’,or SIPs,have been developed to help take the ILP’s five-year ‘Strategy 2026’ roadmap from vision to reality


The ILP’s Strategy 2026 will only make a difference if it is complemented by effective governance and decision-making structures. As a result, there have been some important changes to the ILP, as Justin Blades explains


Rebecca Hatch formally swapped the Presidential chains of office with Fiona Horgan at the Professional Lighting Summit. Here is an abridged version of her President’s address to members


The latest Lighting Education Trust diploma in light and lighting will start this month. It provides a support route into the Bartlett’s master’s programme but is also simply invaluable for anyone looking to improve their lighting skills and knowledge, writes


With government and cross-party support, employers can expect the new Worker Protection Bill eventually to become law. It will put the onus on employers to protect employees from ‘unwanted conduct’ by colleagues, contractors, clients and even the public. Howard Crossman and Keith Williams unpick how lighting should prepare


Shevokie Allen, senior lighting designer at Nulty, outlines her route into lighting, how the industry needs to change, and why the transformative nature of light inspires her


How lighting needs to change and adapt to respond to accelerating climate change will be top of the agenda at this month’s Circular Lighting Live event, which is being supported by the ILP


The Southside Cultural Center in Providence, Rhode Island, USA, with a lighting scheme by Light Follows Behaviour. Turn to page 20, where the practice’s Luciana Martinez outlines how lighting designers, especially those working in the public realm, need to think beyond the often self-imposed ‘red lines’ that can limit and constrain a lighting scheme

06 38 42 44 48 50 52 56 60 10 14 17 20 26 34 10 38 48 14 34 SEPTEMBER 2023 LIGHTING JOURNAL Contents 3
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Volume 88 No 8

September 2023


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A‘neglected’ pollutant. That is how the Lords Science and Technology Committee has described light pollution in itsreportfollowingitsrecentinquiryintolightandnoise pollution,aswereportfrompage10.

The eminent peers have made some eminently sensible recommendations, not least the need for more research on how light affects our circadian rhythms and the relationship between glare and night-time driving, the need for more regular surveystotracklightpollutionand,possiblymostconsequential ofall,thecreationofa‘LightPolicyStatementforEngland’thatplanners,policy-makersand otherscanandshoulduse.

The Lords pulled back from recommending that more laws and regulations are the answer,whichisagainprobablysensible.AsGuyHarding,AllanHoward,StuartMortonand AndrewBissellmadecleartothecommitteewhengivingevidencebackinthespring,itisless thatweneednewregulationandmorethattheregulationswedohavearenotbeingapplied orenforcedproperly,orthattheissueis,well,toooftensimply(thatwordagain)neglectedat theplanningstage.

OnehastohopethatnotcallingfornewlegislativerequirementsmakestheLords’recommendationsmoreattractivetoministerswhentheyconsidertheirresponse;thattheyrecognisethereare,arguably,somerelativelyeasy‘quickwins’hereforgovernment.Weshould hopefully find this out later this month and Lighting Journal obviously will keep you updated.

Ofcourse,lightpollutionisanythingbuta‘neglected’topicforILPmembers,aswasvery much in evidence at the ILP Professional Lighting Summit in Manchester in June. The ‘HouseofHarding’event,whereGuy,Allan,StuartandAndrewreflectedontheirexperience ofgivingevidencetothecommitteeandtheimportanceoflightingspeakingwithonevoice ontheseoccasionswas,forme,verymuchahighlightofthePLS.

Youcanreadourreportonit,andthewiderPLS,frompage38,aswellasimportantupdates on the five-year strategy (page 42), the ILP’s governance structures (page 44) and the SummitaddressofnewPresidentRebeccaHatch(page48).

AnotherspeakeratthePLSwasdarkskiesofficerJackEllerbywho,naturally,alsofocused onlightpollution.Ashisarticle(frompage14)emphasises,intruth,wecan’taffordforlight pollutiontoremainneglectedformuchlonger.Ifallofus–public,planners,policy-makers, retailers,andpoliticians–don’tstarttoworktomitigatewhatisarisingtideoflightpollution, ournightskiesrisk‘deathbyathousandlights’.

Thelastimportantpointtomakehere,whichtheLordsverymuchrecognised,isthevalue andauthoritythatbodiessuchastheILP–andlightingprofessionalsgenerally–canbringto thisconversation.

Itis,infact,somethingofafeatherintheILP’scapthattheLords’recommendationfora Light Policy Statement and related guidance argued that it should ‘incorporate up-to-date guidance from the Society of Light and Lighting, the Institution of Lighting Professionals andtheCharteredInstituteofBuildingServicesEngineers,onbestpracticeforlighting’. Ifthegovernmentdoesgivethisrecommendationthegreenlight,let’shopeitacceptsitin its entirety, as this could be a profoundly important change for the profession and the influencelightingprofessionalscanbringtobear.

Finally,pleasedocheckoutLucianaMartinez’sarticleon‘crossingtheline’,frompage20. Again originally a presentation at the PLS, Luciana makes, I feel, some really thoughtful points about how we need to break through the self-imposed ‘red lines’ that too often limit lightingschemes,especiallypublicrealmschemes.



ILP members receive Lighting Journal every month as part of their membership. You can join the ILP online, through Alternatively, to subscribe or order copies please email Diane Sterne at The ILP also provides a LightingJournalsubscription service to many libraries, universities, research establishments, non-governmental organisations, and local and national governments. SEPTEMBER 2023 LIGHTING JOURNAL Editor’s letter 5 ILLUMINATING INTERIORS AMBIANE™ AP WARMING COLOURS & ADJUSTABLE WHITES


Concernsaregrowingabouttheimpactonthe industryofthegovernment’sproposed‘minimum energyperformancestandards’(MEPS)forlight sources,nothelpedbyadistinctsenseofpolitical disengagementwithinWhitehall

‘Ifyourcompanyismakinghigh-performance, narrow-beam downlights and spotlights, using small, very high colour-rendering modules, there is a good chance that they will get banned under these regulations.Thisseriouslyaffectstop-end lightingdesign.’

So warned Bob Bohannon, head of policy and sustainability at the Lighting Industry Association (LIA), at the ILP’s Professional Lighting Summit (PLS) in June.

The ‘this’ that Bob was referring to is the government’s pushing ahead with the introductionof ‘minimumenergyperformance standards’ (MEPS) for light sources, with the first tier of the new Eco Design UK regulations initially set to hit the industry from as soon as November this year, but now likely delayed until March2024.

Concern has been building within the industry at the proposals for the best part of 18 months, especially within the LIA and UK Lighting Liaison Group (UKLLG). The turmoil and revolving doorsinWestminsterandWhitehallsince the collapse of the Boris Johnson administration last summer has also not helped, as Bob outlined during the ‘House of Harding’ presentation at the PLS in Manchester.

TheHouseofHarding,asILPTechnical ManagerGuyHardingexplained,wasone of the keynote sessions of the two days of CPD. ‘This session is very much about the importanceofprofessionalvoicesmaking an impact. The “House of Harding” came from [our evidence session to] the House

Bob Bohannon presenting at the Professional Lighting Summit in June


‘It reflects how myself and colleagues from other professional associations and institutionscametogethertogiveevidence to a committee of eminent peers on light pollution. But it also reflects the fact that we have been giving evidence to, or responding to, the Department of Energy SecurityandNetZero,’Guyadded.


We’ll look at the House of Harding itself, and the PLS, in more detail from page 38, but the event opened with Bob giving a grimly compelling insight into just why thefivemonthsofchaosfromtheresignation of Boris Johnson through the shortlived premiership of Liz Truss and now theRishiSunakadministrationcontinues toreverberate.

The minimum energy performance standardsforlightsourcesemergedoutof the Department for Business Energy and Industrial Strategy (now the Department ofEnergySecurityandNetZero,DESNZ) inNovember2021.

They came on the back of the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow and the government recognising more needed to be done to meet its climate change goals. This,Bobexplained,isofcourseinprinciple perfectly laudable. ‘We all of course completelyagreewiththat;wedon’tdeny that climate change is an existential risk,’ hesaid.

The standards aim to introduce new rules to mandate a minimum energy performancestandard(orMEPS)forlight sources and lamps of 120lm/W. They were originally proposed for coming into force in the autumn of 2023, rising to 140lm/Win2027.

Lighting and sustainability

There will be concessions for mains voltage light sources, directional light sources, ‘connected’ light sources, light sources with a CRI greater than 93, light sourceswithacorrelatedcolourtemperature of under 2000K, and light sources withanoutputoflessthan400lm.

Despitethese,thegrowingworryisthat some LED light sources, especially small lamps and small diameter, high colour rendering modules, currently fail to meet the 120 lm/W Tier 1 standards for good technicalreasonsandsowillfaceaneffectiveban.

Thedifficulty,Bobargued,isthat,while the industry has been engaging with government and officials from day one, with a first meeting between the LIA, UKLLG and BEIS in January 2022, it has been something of an uphill struggle. The biggestproblemisthattheybasedalltheir proposals on work by a non-governmental organisation (NGO) called CLASP, whichinturnbasedits‘expertise’onaUS Department of Energy Document. The trouble is it was the wrong document – it was all about theoretical LED research

and development. When the LIA reached out to all the major LED manufacturers, the ‘hypothetical’ LEDs in the report just didn’t exist, Bob highlighted. More to the point,CLASPhadignoredallthemultiple objectives of good lighting, their only performancestandardwasefficacy.

As Bob explained: ‘CLASP had made it all sound easy and sensible; we had to teach BEIS about light and lighting, what lighting really delivers. They really thoughtthat,iftheymadetheGreatBritish high-energy efficiency lightbulb, they couldthensellittotherestoftheworldas anexportsuccess.

‘But slight problem, we don’t make any. Wedon’tmakeanyLEDsapartfromPlesseyfortheMinistryofDefence.Theykept askingusformoreinformation.’


The LIA then in the second quarter of 2022 carried out a survey of lamps placed onmarket,covering93millionlamps.‘We gave that to government, thinking “surely they’ll now realise that the unintended consequencesarehuge,they’lllistentous SEPTEMBER 2023 LIGHTING JOURNAL
The political chaos of the past 18 months, including the short-lived Liz Truss premiership, has made it harder for the industry to engage with government on hugely important issues

Lighting and sustainability

now”. Then, anybody remember Liz Truss? The government just blew up. So nothing happened for almost six months oflastyear,’BobtoldILPmembers.

‘Then, Q4 2022 silence. We sent off occasional emails. January 2023, they now published a new draft and ran a public consultation until April. They had incorporatedsomeofoursuggestions,but not many. Again, we re-engaged, but now theyhadawholenewteam.Allthepeople wehadspokentobeforehadnowgone,all thosepeoplewehadtalkedtoaboutlights andlighting.

‘This team knew all about air-source heat pumps but nothing about lighting. Then, just after they published their proposals, they were all split up into four departments anyway. We didn’t even knowatthispointwhowecouldemail,’he said.

There was however progress, of a sort, in March 23, when the LIA and UKLLG were able to hold a direct meeting with officials from DESNZ and the nongovernmental organisation (NGO) that hadoriginatedtheMEPSproposals.

‘They asked for stakeholder feedback andthewholeindustrygotinvolvedagain. They also asked us for evidence and so, workingwithbothmanufacturersandthe UK Lighting Liaison Group and various lighting designers, we ended up submitting a 59-page 17,000-word document,’ Bobexplained.


Despite promises that further documentation and guidance was set to be published in May, since then there has been a worryingradiosilence.

‘We’vedonechasingemails.Intheoryit isgoingtocomeininthefourthquarterof 2023, but all we have is a two-line email saying they’re talking to ministers and they intend to go to legislation. We don’t knowwhatthatmeansandwedon’tknow whatitlookslike,’Bobsaid.

‘From our survey, we concluded that if this had happened in 2021, we could end up with a situation where 88.9% of lamps are being banned at 120 watt. And if they went to 140 watt it would be 98.5%. So we haveaproblem.Theneteffectiswecould lose a huge amount of lights from the market. We have a significant problem,’ Bobwarned.

‘Includedintheproposalsisalampban on HPS single-ended, HPS double-ended, metal halides, ceramics, and OLED. We presume just because it just didn’t fit in theNGO’scalculations.Youcouldstilluse them if they’re placed on the market but we couldn’t bring any more into the UK. We were talking to one local authority whoestimatedtherewereagood600,000 sodiumlampsstilloutthere

‘We have really, really tried to push back, asking for far better allowances; we’vepushedbackonCRIandCCT;we’ve pushed back on the domestic side of things,’Bobcontinued.

‘We’ve been talking to government; we’ve also been talking to the British Retail Consortium (BRC) because when the BRC talks to government, government tends to listen. We’ve given reports. We’ve had to explain that efficacy is not


‘Since May it’s been a black hole, total silence. All of our emails have disappeared. Allan [WSP’s Allan Howard, who is also secretary of UKLLG] has been chasingandIhavebeenchasingandwe’ve had one line back to say they’re going to come back after they’ve spoken to ministers.

‘Thisshowshowimportantitisforusto work together as an industry. We have to work together across bodies. We have to work together with other parts of our industry. If you have friends who are Lords or MPs, we need to talk to them. And we need to get to the point where, before they do this in the future, they cometotalktousfirst.

‘We are completely aligned with the urgent need for net zero, and we’ve been trying to get DESNZ to listen to the industry’s ideas on how to effectively achieve that in the real world – but without the unintended consequences. We also want them to understand that light is not just aboutefficacy,lightdeliverssight–ifthey had realised that, would they have done thesamething?’Bobaddedinconclusion.


Although the public consultation closed in April, a useful insight into the government’s thinking around the MEPS ecodesign requirements can be found in the consultation document published by BEIS in January 2023. This can be found by scanningtheQRcode:

The idea for minimum energy performance standards for lighting emerged out of the COP21 climate summit


Afterhearingevidencefromacrosstheprofession,including theILPandSLL,theLordsScienceandTechnology Committeepublisheditsreportintoitsinquiryintolightand noisepollutioninJuly.Thekeyiswhathappensnext


The government is being urged to set out a national policy for tackling light pollution, including developing a ‘Light Policy Statement for England’ informed by evidence and best practice from, among others,theILP.

The recommendation has come from the Lords Science and Technology Committee within its report into its inquiry into light and noise pollution, whichwaspublishedinJulyafterhearing evidence from the ILP, the Society of Light and Lighting (SLL) and other eminentvoiceswithinthe profession.

The report, ‘The neglectedpollutants:the effects of artificial light and noise on human health’,makesitveryclear–evenjustinitstitle–thatlight pollution is something that has for too long been overlooked within national and local government, with the country lacking any nationalstrategy[1]

Importantly, the committee of peers hascalledforlocal authorities to be

Examplary running head

given the resources they need to make a difference to mitigating light pollution and obtrusive light in the public realm, bothruralandurban.


The committee said in its report: ‘We urge the Government to set an overall national policy for light pollution and to provide local authorities with the resources they need to take action in line with national targets. In issuing guidance, the Government can make use of existing work from professional institutions: best practice is already understood, but not alwaysfollowed.

‘Lightandnoisepollutionarecurrently neglectedpollutants,butresearchindicates that they are causing significant health impacts and they are of growing concern to the public. In some cases they are easy to avoid through good design, in othercasesinvestmentwillbeneeded.

‘A renewed focus on these pollutants, with strengthened co-ordination between departments and between centralandlocalgovernment,wouldlead to meaningful improvements in public health and quality of life in the UK,’ the peersadded.

Among its recommendations (and see the panel overleaf for these in more detail),thepeerscalledformoreresearch tobecarriedoutintohowlightaffectsour circadian system, plus the impact of glare onnight-timedriving.

Theymadethecaseforaregularnational survey to track light pollution and for the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence to reviewwhethertherapiessuchas lightboxesreallydomake any difference to health and well-

Light pollution


Thecommitteerecommended that the UK Health Security Agency, oneofthetwoagenciesthat has now replaced Public Health England, establishes an expert team to act as ‘a single point of evidence’ on the impactsoflightonhealth.

Importantly, as well any Light Policy Statement for England being informed by the profession, the peers arguedthatplanningguidancetooshould incorporate, and reflect, up-to-date guidance from the industry’s key expert bodies, including the ILP, SLL, and the Chartered Institution of Building ServicesEngineers.

Local authorities, it suggested, needed to become more proactive on reporting complaints about light pollution, even where necessary escalating them up to the Department for Levelling Up, HousingandCommunities(DLUHC).

Even exempt facilities should still be expected to conform to best-practice lightingguidelines,thecommitteeadded.

The committee took on board evidence, both from ILP members and others, that the technological shifts required for thecountrytoreachnetzeroandadaptto climate change can create unforeseen negative consequences around noise and lightpollution.

Therefore, these need to be better understood and addressed early on, the peersrecommended.

During its inquiry, which was announced in January, the committee received first written evidence from the ILP and then, in March, representatives from the Institution as well as the SLL gave oral evidence in person, SEPTEMBER 2023 LIGHTING JOURNAL

Light pollution

Examplary running head

followed by further input in the profession in April [2]

This evidence-gathering included the ILP’s Technical Manager Guy Harding, past President Allan Howard, Technical Committee member Stuart Morton, and SLL President Andrew Bissell. This was followed by BDP’s Colin Ball, Arfon Davies from Arup, and Ian Ritchie, of Ritchie Studio.

Others from, or associated with, the profession who gave evidence included Dr Chris Kyba, of the Helmholtz Centre in Potsdam, Richard Greer from Arup, Emma Marrington of the Campaign to Protect Rural England, and Ruskin Hartley, chief executive of the International Dark-Sky Association.


The Lords made it very clear that, when it comes to regulation, enforcement and even just political leadership on this issue, new regulation is not necessarily the answer. Yet a much more joined-up approach is definitely needed.

As the committee highlighted, although DEFRA (the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs) has the lead for regulating noise and light pollution, many of the levers to act on these pollutants lie within other departments.

These include the Department for

Transport and DLUHC. ‘DEFRA told us it viewed its role as highlighting problems for other departments to act on, but this is not adequate. The Government must strengthen interdepartmental co-ordination on these issues; it must be clear where within each department responsibility lies,’ the committee emphasised.

This confusion over responsibilities is echoed on the ground when it comes to localactionandenforcement.‘Responsibility for acting on noise and light pollution generally lies with local authorities, which come under DLUHC, and there is no requirement for local authorities to report back to DEFRA on complaints about noise and light pollution,’ the peers pointed out.

‘So even where there is a policy in place, the evidence is not being collected to see whether it is effective. Local authorities are under-resourced and have to balance a range of demands, leading to inconsistent policy implementation between local authorities, with some exemplary while others lag behind,’ the committee added.

Thecommittee’sreportisarguablythe biggest move by politicians on light pollution since the 2009 Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution and its report ‘Artificial light in the environment’[3].However,asyet,itisjustthat–

a report detailing a series of recommendations.

Thekeywillcomeinthegovernment’s responseandwhetheritacceptsorrejects the committee’s recommendations. This response, the committee made clear, is expected by 19 September. So, the profession may not have that long to wait to see what change or tangible action, if any, is coming down the line.


• The government should commission research to establish how light intensity, wavelength, duration, time of exposure, light history and age affect the circadian system.

• Research should also be carried out in order to establish the level of risk from glare, flicker, and dazzle, for example in night-time driving.

• DEFRA should establish a standard methodology for tracking, monitoring and reporting on light pollution.

• The government should commission a regular survey to track light pollution once the methodology is agreed. This should aim to understand the impact on health of both indoor and outdoor exposure to artificial light at night.

• The government should establish a team of experts at the UK Health

[1] The neglected pollutants: the effects of artificial light and noise on human health, Lords Science and Technology Committee, July 2023,
health/publications/ [2] ‘We need to push on changing mindsets’, LightingJournalApril 2023, vol 88 no 4; ‘Parliamentary scrutiny’, May 2023, vol 88 no 5; ‘Spotlight on health’, June 2023, vol 88 no 6 [3] ‘Artificial light in the environment’, Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, 2009,

Light pollution

Security Agency on circadian rhythms and impacts of light on health to act as a single point for evidence gathering and co-opting externalexpertise.

• The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence should review the evidence for the effectiveness of therapies such as light boxes that might promote improved circadian rhythms and therefore physical and mental health.

• The government should issue a ‘Light Policy Statement for England’, which details its policy on minimising light pollution and the roles it expects different government departments to play.

• This statement (and planning guidance) should incorporate upto-date guidance from the Society of Light and Lighting, Institution of Lighting Professionals and the Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers on best practice for lighting.

• The government should make it clear that exempt facilities are still expected to conform to bestpractice lighting guidelines.

• Local authorities should report on complaints about light pollution to DLUHC so that central government can compare local authorities and highlight any issues.

• Thegovernmentshouldtakestepsto ensure that the implications of the technological shifts required for net zero and adapting to climate change for noise and light pollution are understoodandaddressedearlyon.


• The full report, The neglected pollutants:theeffectsofartificial lightandnoiseonhumanhealth, can be downloaded from the Lords Science and Technology Committee’s website: at https:// committee/193/science-andtechnology-committee-lords/

• Turn to page 38, where Guy Harding, Allan Howard, Stuart Morton and Andrew Bissell use June’s Professional Lighting Summit to reflect on their experience in front of the Lords committee, and the importance of the profession speaking with onevoice.


When considering this response late one evening, writes ILP Technical Manager Guy Harding, I thought: ‘Does this really affect me? There is almostzerolightthroughmybedroom window. There will be even less when myneareststreetlightattheendofthe shared drive goes off at midnight. I hear an occasional car on the bypass but that is it. The local hedgehogs and catsareprobablylouder.’ Iamobviouslyluckyandverythankful.However, there are millions of people in this country whose lives are severely impacted by artificial light at night (ALAN) and by incessant noise. AstheHouseofLordspointsout,these are the ‘neglected pollutants’ compared with atmospheric particulates, chemicals and microplastics to name butafew.

I do not have to travel far to see poorly designed and installed lighting like the examples I showed at the ILP Professional Lighting Summit or listen to the almost constant roar of the M40 motorway, which can be heard at least a mile from the road itself.

The desire to see a national lighting policy to tackle light pollution is very welcome. After hearing evidence from theILP,SLLandothereminentvoices,

itiswelloverdue.Theveryfactthatwe have been publishing best practice guidance for years has now been recognised and that policy should be informedbythisisverywelcome.Alsopleasing is the Lords noted that local authorities,althoughresourced-strapped, shouldbemoreproactiveinfollowing up complaints and escalating themupwherenecessary.

We see many reports of research in the press and elsewhere that are quick toblameLEDsforhealthissues,which are usually based on less than perfect research. So, the call to commission further research on light intensity, wavelength, duration of exposure and age is welcomed. It is not just street lighting that is the culprit here, far from it as most installations are now well designed. Light from unregulated and exempt installations, personal devices and screens also needs consideration,asdoeslightandglarefrom carheadlights.

Thenextstepsandthekeytofurther action will be the government’s response due later this month. Let’s hopethisreportistakenasseriouslyas theextentoftheproblem. SEPTEMBER 2023 LIGHTING JOURNAL
EUR ING Guy Harding BSc CEng FILP MSLL is ILP Technical Manager


Iflightingprofessionals–andsocietyasawhole–don’tstarttogetto gripswithlightpollution,especiallyurbanskyglowandlightspill,we’re goingtobefacedwiththeprospectof‘deathbyathousandlights’


In this article, I’m going to outline what,tomeasadarkskiesofficer,Ifeel are some good lighting approaches to dark skies and, in turn, where as a society, too often we seem to be going wrongnowadays.

Iamawarethat,inILPmembers,Iamto an extent preaching to the converted. I’m also cognisant of the recent articles by AllanHowardandothersinLightingJournal(‘Notguilty,m’lud’ March 2023, vol 88 no 3) highlighting how, more often that not, it is not streetlighting that is the issue whenitcomestolightpollution,especially urban light pollution, but poorly planned and installed domestic, commercial and residentiallighting.

Figure 1 shows satellite imagery of light pollution across an area of Cumbria. The purpleiswhereitisdarkenoughtoseethe Milky Way with naked eye. It shows that the area to the left, on the east side of the North Pennines is very dark. That is only right in that it encompasses various Areas of Outstanding Beauty, including the Lake District in the centre of the Yorkshire Dales.

Nevertheless,whenIlookatthatimage, I’mquitesadbecausethereshouldbemore intrinsic dark sky areas covering Cumbria than there are. My job is to achieve a net reduction in light pollution in partnership withlotsofotherpeople.DespiteCumbria being the third darkest English region, skyglow light pollution is affecting the extentof‘intrinsicdarksky’areaacrossthe

Dark skies and light pollution

Examplary running head

county. But there are some positives. Figure2,whichisagaintakenfromsatellite data, shows the improvement between 2015 and 2020 in light pollution in Cumbria, led by county lighting manager Ian Harker’s big LED streetlight replacement programme, which has seen 45,000 streetlightsswitchedfromsodiumtoLED.


This illustrates what can be done in urban areas such as Carlisle and Kendal. But it also shows (the orange and red elements) where light pollution has been growing. These are predominantly business parks, commercial, industrial estates, premises, especially in parts of Barrow, Sellafield, Silloth,CarlisleAirportandPenrith.

I’ve done talks in Penrith and neighbouring rural communities and it is striking how, in Penrith especially, everyone was complaining about the skyglow that has been created. There was one lady who was quite emotional two years ago who said to me she could no longer see the Milky Way fromwhereshelivedortheNorthernLights becauseoftheamountoflightpollution.

Skyglow, we need to recognise, does not reflect administrative boundaries. So, we need to start thinking outside these boundaries, whether it’s environmental zones, nationalparks,ordarkskyreserves.

As the ILP and SLL’s recent evidence to theHouseofLordsinquiryintolightpollution illustrated, light pollution is everywhere; it is not just big industrial, commercial and retail parks – although they are often bad offenders – but over the top lightsinthegroundsofflatsandhomes.

For example, in areas such as Derwent Water we saw a massive increase in light pollution after 2015’s Storm Desmond as a result of hotels ‘upgrading’ their lighting. The increase in glazing and the volume of carparklightingtherehasgonecompletely overthetopintermsofsafetyneeds.

I’mfromaplanningbackgroundsoIlike tolooknotjustatthespecificsites,Iliketo look at the wider context. Lighting impact assessments, too often, are too narrow in thattheyonlylookatthesiteanditsimmediatesurrounds.

That sort of tunnel vision approach condemns us to death by a thousand cuts when it comes to light pollution. We need to recognise that obtrusive light comes fromlotsandlotsofdifferentlightsources, and therefore that we need multiple approachesandsolutions.


For example, we recently commissioned whole-town audits across five communitiesin Kendal,andwithintheLakeDistrict National Park. This identified around 100 different significant light pollution sources.ThemajoritywereinKendalitself,and

Figure 1. Light pollution across Cumbria
Figure 2. Dark Skies comparison VIIRS mapping 2015 to 2019 in Cumbria

Dark skies and light pollution

Examplary running head


the majority, again, were retail, commercial and industrial parks. Only one street lighting problem was identified, and that wasinaruralvillagethatwasstillusingold sodiumlights.

A key issue increasingly, is poor, cheap products being fitted incorrectly. They don’t need planning permission, they’re not subject to building control. They fall outsidethenuisanceregime.Oneortwoon thesideofthesettlementareaproblembut when you’ve got thousands and thousands built up then you’ve got a big cumulative problem.

Another problem is that probably only about20%ofplanningapplicationsactuallyembedlightinginthedetailsupfront.So, most lighting is being retrofitted later on when the solutions aren’t as good. One of our goals is to get lighting considered upfront when planning applications are submitted.

With industrial and commercial units, what we need to do is get that private lightinguptothestandardthatthelighting professionals working within street lighting and highways are already working to,eventhoughthatmaybeeasiersaidthan done.

It can be done, however, I’m sure. For example, I’m currently working with Kerem Asfuroglu of Dark Source, who is creating a county-wide technical advice noteforthewholeofCumbria.

It is not going to be able to deal with

Dark skies and light pollution

Examplary running head


Balancing darkness, ecology, safety and lighting can be complex but not impossible when developed correctly, writes AmyRennie,associatelightingdesigner atBuroHappold.

Amy, who is also part of the leadership of the UK chapter of Dark Sky International, is passionate about the need for lighting designers to prioritising addressing light pollution within theirschemes.

As she and Buro Happold ecologist Mónica Lozano Subiranas wrote in a recent blogpost, The importance of conserving dark skies for people and nature: ‘We must celebrate dark skies, protect our view of the stars and allow everyonetoconnecttonature.’

This approach has been seen in a numberofrecentprojectsbythepractice.AtMayfieldParkincentralManchester (shown above), for example, the practice’s green infrastructure, ecologists and environmental specialists collaborated with its bridge and water teams to transform a derelict area of central Manchester into a vibrant new community with nature-based solutions at its core, naturalising the River Medlock and creating a biodiversity-rich resource within the centre of thecity.

‘Our ecologists worked with lighting designers to ensure a sensitive lighting design was implemented so that the riverremains“adarkcorridor”suitable for foraging and commuting bats,’ Amy explains.

Similarly, at the University of Bristol’s Temple Quarter Enterprise Campus,theschemehasensuredspecifiedluxlevellimitsonwatercoursesand associatedbankshavebeenmet.

ForitsworkonEdenProjectNorth, an extension of the Eden Project in Cornwall but located in the northwest of England, understanding the importance of the intersection of lighting design and biodiversity has been a key consideration.

‘Such a project necessitated a focus on the impact of lighting design. Our specialist lighting team created a bespoke, low-energy and low impact lighting strategy at planning stage to preserve the Ramsar conservation area, the dark skies above Morecombe Bay, and provide an appropriate level of light for users,’ Amy says.

‘Our challenge, when considering lightingdesignandecology,isfindingthe right balance between function, aesthetics and the environment. This doesn’t havetomeannolightatall,butwesuggest that light must be thought of holistically, considering the environmental, ecologicalandhumanaspects.’

‘Controlling lighting through smart control systems, lowering the lighting levels during progressive night hours and designing in accordance with the environmental and surrounding conditions will help protect the night and minimise light pollution (and the negative effects light pollution can have on local ecosystems).’

‘Managing the spectral power distribution (SPD) of light and designing to apply appropriate responsible outdoor lighting solutions to a project can improve the external environment for all,’ she adds.

The full blogpost can be read here: thought-leadership/the-importance-of-conserving-dark-skiesfor-people-and-nature/ SEPTEMBER 2023 LIGHTING JOURNAL
How switching from high-pressure sodium (above) in Lorton in Cumberland to LED (below) has made a difference

Dark skies and light pollution

legacylightingbutwillhopefullyinfluence planning decisions going forward. We’ve deliberately called it guidance for ‘good lighting’(notdarkskieslighting),aswellas designedlightingthattickseverybox!

Itwillbeanimportantdocumenttohelp crime prevention officers, planners, environmentalhealthofficers,awholerangeof people.We’reaimingforittobeveryvisual, with simple messages, and to be easily updateable as standards and knowledge evolves.

In the village of Lorton in Cumberland, we’ve done a small pilot of switching five lightsownedbyAllerdaleBoroughCouncil fromhigh-pressuresodiumto2200KLED that are 50% dimmed from 9pm and then 100% dimmed between 12pm-6am. It’s a template I’d like to see being expanded across all rural areas. The roads in these villages are empty from early evening in mostcases.

It is, however, important to strike a balance. In Lorton, for example, we had feedbackfromyoungmumsandtheelderly, who needed to have light for when they were pushing buggies at night, as there is not much in the way of pavements in the village.

At Cliff Terrace in Kendal, a Victorian terrace in a Conservation Area, poor footway lights were resulting in glare into houses, which was affecting residents’ sleep patterns as well as roosting bats under roof eaves. In fact, there was more light going up the elevation of the properties and out into the sky above Kendal as therewasontothepathsurface.

Restored cast-iron posts with modern ThornP145heritage-style2200Klanterns were therefore installed, which are again 50% dimmable. This project was featured in Lighting Journal last year (‘Cumbrian pilot’,July-August2022,vol87no7).

Equally, in Rookhow, Rusland between

Coniston and Lake Windermere, working with Mike Monaghan of Light Library, the lighting for its Grade II* Quaker meeting househasbeentotallyrefreshedtomakeit dark sky-compliant and with a dimming regime. There are new, subtle LED strips under the new elegant metal hand railings leadingupthemainentrancesteps.


What I’m working to do in partnership with great lighting professionals is pull together a portfolio of schemes that demonstratebestpractice,thatwecanuse toshowpeoplethat,yes,thisapproachcan work.

It is about giving people the confidence to embrace better more sustainable lighting choices. We’re also hoping to do some wider switch-off events in Keswick next February to, again, raise awareness andengagement.

The core message for ILP members, for me,islet’snotjustfocusonlightingimpact assessments on the site or adjoining area. Let’s spread the word about the importance of looking at dark skies in the round, in thecontextofwidercommonspaces,ofthe skyatnight,ofthewiderlandscape,indeed ofwholesettlements.What’sthevisionfor

our settlements? Because at the moment by taking a narrow and piecemeal approach we’re swimming against what is a rising tide of light pollution and, as I said earlier, death by a thousand cuts – or maybe that shouldbedeathbyathousandlights!

I’m also excited to see the results of the Live Labs 2 work that Karl Rourke is undertaking in East Riding of Yorkshire Council,ashighlightedinLightingJournal earlier this year (‘We can’t carry on just doingwhatwe’vealwaysdone’,April2023, vol88no4).Whyarewelightingroadsthat areemptyatnight?

Equally a lot of public spaces don’t need to be lit 24/7. We need, too, to work with insurers who, too often, are demanding private lighting in all sorts of places that it doesn’tneedtobe.

Finally, for me, I believe lighting policies and British standards are too human-centric.Yes,theclimatecrisisisserious,butsois our biodiversity crisis. LEDs are wonderful forsavingenergy,andweallneedtodothat.

But, believe you me, we need to put biodiversity higher up the agenda. If we losepollinators,wewon’tbeonthisplanet formuchlonger.Onewayoranother,weall need to become a lot smarter and a lot moreproactiveonlightpollutionatnight.

There is so much lighting out there now in the external environment that we need to start thinking about things a bit more counterintuitively. We need to come up with more innovative solutions. Less can bemore!

I am, however, optimistic. Unlike greenhouse gases or microplastics in the oceans,whicharegoingtotakedecadesor even centuries to resolve, light pollution is something where we can make an instant difference. Together, let’s think bigandactfast.

Jack Ellerby is dark skies officer for Cumbria Cliff Terrace in Kendal


It is very easy as a lighting designer to work to selfimposed red lines about where a project ‘ends’. But, especially in the public realm, lighting doesn’t work like that. We all therefore need to be recognising, and accommodating, the increasingly complex ways light and lighting schemes overlap and complement each other

‘IneveryprojectthatIworkon,there isaredline,ascopeline.Thearchitect has their red line, which is the building. For the landscape architect,itwillbethelandscapearound and up to the building. For the M+E engineer, it will be the internal lighting, the emergency lighting, the lifts, the house lighting. For the street lighting engineer, their focus will be on the road or highway, plusadjacentspaces.

Essentially, while every project is of course different, increasingly – and especially within complex outdoor public realm projects – there will be a variety of players all focused on their own different aspects, including their own different aspectsofthelighting.

In this article – which came from a presentation I gave to the Professional LightingSummitinManchesterinJune–I want to make the case for us, as lighting professionals, to be thinking not just up to, butalsobeyond,thesenotionallines.Tonot confine ourselves always to be, as it were, colouring in within the lines. To consider thespaceswedesignasweexperiencethem –withoutredlines.


Oneofthegreatthingsaboutlightingisthat itnaturallydoesn’tfollowscopelines,especiallyoutdoors.Ifyou’relookingatatypical residentialroadafterdark,forexample,we aren’t only lighting that road, even though


Public realm lighting

that’s what the area we’re measuring and that’s what demonstrates we have met the requirements we need to achieve in terms oflightlevels.

We have to remember there is also the pavement, the ‘roads’ pedestrians take and whichalsoneedtobeilluminated.Weneed tothinkaboutwayfinding.Wehavetothink abouttheuse,utilityandsafetyofthespace (allofwhichIshallreturntoshortly).

There’salsothefactthat,especiallyinthe publicrealm,thingsdon’tstaystill.Takethe example of trees. Landscape architects, rightly, are pushing for more trees in their designs to combat climate change and provide shade in our increasingly hotter summers.

Trees planted by a landscape architect will, naturally, start off small. Any streetlight installed at this point will take this greenery into account and, more than likely,comfortablylighttheroadandpavement. But, as a lighting designer, you can returntoaprojectyearslatertofindthereis now no, or very little, lighting on the pavement because the trees are now blocking that space, as illustrated in the final image onpage24.

In the case of this particular residential development,thatevenmeantpeoplewere walking in the middle of the road rather than on the pavement because the lighting hadbecomesopoor.

Sometimes, especially in phased developments, you will have multiple scope lines.

If you’re a highways team working for a municipality or local authority, you may wellhavecontinuityacrossallthestreetsin or around the development; so you will haveatleastanelementofcontroloverthe spaces. But often every internal space will have its own different consultant; every building and adjacent outdoor space will haveitsowndesignteam.

And,typically,noonetalkstoeachother, especiallyoutside,abouttheirredlines.It’s very often, ‘I’ve got my client, I’ve got my brief, and that’s what I need to design for’. Tome,yesthat’salwaysgoingtobethereto an extent of course; you do have to make your client happy. But I think with all the conversationsthatwe’rehavingnowabout lighting levels and light pollution, we need to start thinking a bit more responsibly, thinking more collaboratively and in a joined-upway.

For example, it might be that I’ve designed a courtyard scheme with really lovely low-level landscape lighting and sensor-based internal illumination. That’s great – and the client is super pleased. But then, opposite or across the road, possibly in the future construction phase, there is a designer who may never have visited the site or understood what we were trying to achievewithinmyredline.Theycouldjust come along and do a design to their client brief that just throws light all over their buildingandthecourtyardspace,changing it completely. In that scenario, nobody wins,leastofalltheenvironment.


Public spaces are changing, they’re evolving. There are more pedestrians, there is much more of a mix of buildings, much tighter spaces, with spaces now also used for a wider variety of purposes. We have moved beyond the streetlight as the main SEPTEMBER 2023 LIGHTING JOURNAL
This page through to page 24: Light Follows Behaviour lighting schemes. Here, Southside Cultural Center in Providence, Rhode Island, USA, where a successful temporary light installation event led to a permanent external event space from what was a parking lot

Public realm lighting


Muchofthisevolution,certainlyinterms of how public spaces are lit, comes back to LED. Before LED, you weren’t stickingasodiumlampunderneathabench and having it as bench lighting. LED has brought about new opportunities to illuminateoutdoorspaces,andnewwaysof coursetocontrolit.

We’vealsomovedbeyondtheroadwayas the most important space on a street. We are seeing more pedestrian squares, parks and play areas; more places designed for pedestrians rather than just cars and/or parking. This also means it is more important than ever to think about the verticals. How all the light levels in all the light elements need to work together; how the different lighting layers need to blend together within the outdoor environment space. For example, you sometimes nowadays don’t need as much light as you think you might because of spill light or just light generally from other sources. An illuminated lobby or lights on a building may well lightapedestrianrouteappropriately.

Alongsidethis,ofcourse,thereistheissue ofsafety.Inalotofspaceswe’reworkingon at the moment, we have come on board because residents are complaining that the spaces don’t feel safe. It may be that a lighting consultant is not brought onboard untilsafetyafterdarkcomesupasanissue.

And that is quite a shame. Because it oftenendsupthatwe’vebeenbroughtinas something of a knee-jerk reaction; to address a problem (so to speak) instead of the focus being on designing a welcoming space after dark from the very beginning. However, positively, I do think the tide is starting to turn on this, that lighting is increasingly becoming part of the conversationearlier.

The fact that cities are increasingly

promoting pedestrian movement is very much a positive. But getting it right takes careful thought – and understanding that ‘redlines’sometimesneedtobecrossedand blurred.

Forexample,inoneprojectweworkedon (shownleft),theoverilluminationofacovered passage on a housing estate, residents werehavingtowalkfromthestreetthrough thedarkparkintowhatisawell-litcorridor. Intheunderpassareathereislightbecause the code says the space needs to be lit to certainlevels.

But no one thought that, once you put a bright bulkhead here to illuminate that space, it will simply make it too dark over there. They did not consider how people were moving through that space, how the red lines overlapped. That this was, for manypeople,theirmainroutein.

Clockwise from top: the Politecnico University of Turin; BurntOak, a festive lighting design along Watling Avenue in Edgware, London; and Narrow Way in Hackney. Overleaf: another view of the Southside Center


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Public realm lighting


A further factor was there were a lot of elderly people living in that building. When they installed the light, everyone was happy because they could see, feel safe,exceptfortheelderlypeople.

Whenwewerebroughtin,theycameup tousandsaiditwashorriblebecausenow theyhadtostopoutside,evenwhenitwas raining, and wait for their eyes to adjust beforetheycouldgothrough.So,asadesigner, if you had just stopped and thought, ‘OK how do we better fade this out?’. Yes, technically,thatspaceovertherewasn’tin the remit of the original brief but it still needed to be included. To me, this is a good example of how simple considerations – and overly narrow thinking – can haveabigimpact.

The other thing to emphasise is that on every project that I’ve worked on we’ll be theretalkingaboutthelightlevels.Yet,for me, I think it is important to remember that light levels are just one piece of the puzzle. I’m not of course saying we don’t design to the right light levels – there are certain light levels that we need – but it is about recognising that they are just one part.

You also, for example, have to consider atmosphere.Theatmosphereofaspaceis becoming an increasingly important talking point, even when we’re talking about roads and streets and the wider publicrealm.

Alongside this, safety, too, is hugely important to consider; the feeling or perceptionofsafety.Tomymind,safetyis tied a lot to what we see in terms of lighting, not light levels on the ground. If you’re walking on a high street and all the shops are open, it’ll probably feel comfortable, hopefully fantastic. But if you come along the same street late at night, you’ll get a very different picture of what that space feels like if all the shops are shutteredandtheirlightsareoff.

Remember when you went on a high street at night during the Covid lockdowns? For a lot of women, including myself, that whole period was terrifying becausealloftheshopswereshuttered;all you had was the street lighting and it did feelabitlikeanapocalypse.

In some cases, yes, darkness can create theatmosphereyou’reafter.Butyoucan’t ofcoursehavecompletedarknessinmany instances where you want the public to comfortably access the space. What I’m trying to say here is that the vertical elements, usually buildings, are too often not considered in the design because of our scope or red lines. Building-mounted lighting is often not seen as part of the public realm lighting because of overly narrowscopelines.

Yet, if there is more vertical lighting, if youcanbringthisintoyourscope-linethinking, you probably won’t need to light the space so brightly. The space may very well willfeelsafer,moreinviting,withthelower light levels, even though it is completely counter intuitive. Because, to my mind, it isn’tjusttiedtohorizontallightlevels.

At Light Follows Behaviour we’re currently involved in a study across European cities, through Configuring Light/Staging the Social, to look at this, to look at how do you make a space feel more welcoming?

EnlightenME ( is investigating urban lighting design for the overall public with a specific focusontheneedsoftheelderlyintermsof lighting in urban spaces. So, watch this space!


Finally, we need to think about, and talk about,controlandCMS.Atthemomentthe way things are going is that street lighting designandcontrolaretheirownentity;you put a CMS node on top of your column, streetlightorlantern.Easy.

Yet, what happens when I have a council building where I want to integrate said control node on a wall light? It’s suddenly not so easy. Because these are pieces of kit designed for streetlights, and pieces of kit that quickly need to become important in termsofintegrationintonon-streetlighting elements.

This is one area I’d hope to help push forwardinthecomingyears;thenotionthat weneedtobridgethegrowinggapbetween lighting equipment that is suitable for privateandpublicdevelopments.

So, to conclude, I would like to challenge all of us to look across the divide that is increasinglygrowing,torecogniseandtryto work beyond our too-often self-imposed red lines. Everyone, too frequently, is just slicing their own portion of the pie. But the lightsdon’tstopwhereyourredlinesstop.

Luciana Martinez is associate lighting designer at Light Follows Behaviour

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Lighting, we all know, is a career people often fall into or stumble upon. That’s why improving and expanding pathways into the profession is such an important part of the ILP’s ‘Strategy 2026’ five-year roadmap, and ILP Chief Executive Justin Blades provides a further update on that frompage44ofthisedition.

To try to get a sense of how lighting is attracting (or failing to attract) young people, Lighting Journal joined forces with the YLP (Young Lighting Professionals)inJunetoholdavirtualpaneldiscussionwithnewandearly-careerlighters.

Theaimwas,verysimply,tounderstand why they had chosen lighting as a profession, how they had first heard about lighting as a possible career, and their thoughtsonhowpathwaysorentryroutes intotheprofessioncouldbeimproved.

How,too,canlightingasacareerchoice be better publicised in schools, colleges and universities? How can lighting becomemoreinclusiveasacareeroption? And how can organisations such as the ILPmakeadifferencehere?

OurpanelofYLPmemberscamefroma diverse range of backgrounds and represented lighting design, engineering and manufacturing. The panel comprised

Pathways into lighting

Evan Field, a sales administrator at Electrical Testing Ltd; Rinkesh Kumar, a juniorlightingdesignerwithLoveofLight inIndia;FionaElsley,alightingtechnician and Hollie Thurlow, a lighting designer at DesignsForLighting;AhmadYarDaniyal, a lighting design engineer with WSP; and Daniel Evans, a lighting designer at ASD Lighting.

The panellists were joined by Katerina Xynogala engineer, lighting and energy solutions at WSP, and the YLP’s editorial national committee representative. The ILP’s Justin Blades, Technical Manager Guy Harding, and Membership Manager Karen Suggett also sat in on the discussion, albeit mostly keeping in the background.


Thediscussionopenedwiththepanellists being asked how they had come into lightingasacareer,with–surprise,surprise – the answer predominantly being that most of them had stumbled across the industry.

As Hollie Thurlow put it: ‘I never knew lighting was a job. Like many, I kind of fell into it. I knew someone who was working in lighting and explored it that way. I’ve nowbeenin lightingnearlytwoyears!’

‘I also never expected that lighting couldbeajob;Ineverthoughtitcouldbea career,’ agreed Ahmad Daniyal. ‘I’ve been in lighting just for the past 10 months but I’m really enjoying it. I’ve already been working on so many projects in different fields.’

It’s a bad pun but what, then, for the panel was their ‘lightbulb moment’? When did they first realise that lighting was something they could actually do as a career?

‘In India, not all lighting designers are focused on design output, so it is not something you generally come across,’ explainedRinkeshKumar,whoisbasedin Hyderabad and brought an international dimensiontothediscussion.

‘I worked for a design firm that didn’t value lighting. It made me think about where light is needed instead of filling downlights with ceilings. When it comes to highlighting things, how do you do it?’ headded.

‘I simply found out about lighting on SEPTEMBER 2023 LIGHTING JOURNAL
Lighting Journal joined forces with the YLP in June to understand better why young lighters are choosing lighting as a career and how pathways or entry routes into the profession can be improved

Pathways into lighting

LinkedIn,’ pointed out Fiona Elsley. ‘When I was finishing my degree, I was looking through LinkedIn and thinking “what do I want to do?” and I just came acrossapostaboutlighting.I“liked”itand then got in touch with someone about a job,andthat’showithappenedforme.

‘Given that I did an environmental degree, I think most people would have expected it to have talked about light pollution and things like that, but you don’t really cover it. I think that’s quite surprising. Knowing what I now know, I think it is definitely something we’re missing out at schools and colleges,’ she added.

For Evan Field, it was a family connection that opened his eyes to the industry. ‘I’d recently left college and didn’t know whatIwantedtodo.Itwasafamilyfriend who showed me the lighting industry. It wasn’t something that was put forward to me at college, it wasn’t something I knew then.Thefamilyfriendwentthroughwith me what he did within the industry and thatreallyappealedtome,’hesaid.

‘MuchlikeEvan,afamilyfriendshowed me the lighting community,’ said Hollie. ‘I’dnevereverreallythoughtofitasajob;I just thought lights came on and off! So it was really interesting to come into the lighting sector and to realise how much is actuallydonebehindthescenes.’

Daniel Evans originally came to ASD Lightingthroughaworkexperienceplacement and is now doing an apprenticeship with the business. ‘Originally, I had inten-

ded to do an electrician’s course. But I went with it and discovered I really enjoyedit,’hesaid.

‘I originally applied to WSP as an electrical engineer,’ said Ahmad. ‘I’m on my placement here now for my master’s degree, which is in electrical engineering. WhenIwasapplyingtoWSPmyfirstpriority was railways; lighting was my second. Buttheysentmeanemailsayingtheyhad a possible career opportunity within lighting,whichIjustwentfor,eventhough itwasverynewforme.

‘Still, when I tell my friends that I’m doing lighting design, they don’t understand what I’m doing. It is hard to make themunderstandsometimes,’headded.


Given this lack of visibility of lighting as both a profession and a possible career option,whatdidthepanelthenfeelmight havemadeadifferencewhentheywereat school, college or university? If lighting professionals had perhaps come in to give talks, would that have helped? Or simply leaflets or careers’ information being madeavailable?

‘I think talking about the impacts of light could be one way forward,’ said Fiona. ‘Because you don’t really notice lighting when it’s there but you definitely notice it when it’s not there. I think the impactsofenergyconsumption,ofwhatit does to the environment, I think that would spark something with people earlier.Ifinschoolsomebodyspokeabout that, you’d think “oh yes I could do somethingthere,Icouldmakeadifference”.

‘I think just getting in there early more. Just getting out there and talking to people,’sheadded.

‘I completely agree with Fiona, you have to get in there early,’ said Hollie. ‘When I was at college I went to a lot of careers events, but lighting was never there.Somaybetheindustryhavingsome presence at those sorts of events might be good,gettingitknownabitmore?Andjust trying to make it, in schools, a bit more

child-friendly, probably bringing in the environmentandecology,’sheadded.

What about routes into the industry? Would,say,moreapprenticeshipopportunities make lighting more attractive as a career option to young people, the panel wasasked.

‘For me, I wouldn’t go through a degree because I just learn differently,’ said Hollie.‘I’mdyslexicandsoIlearnmoreby doingthings,byprocess.Iwoulddefinitely go apprenticeship. I think learning on the jobmightbeeasierforalotofpeoplethan doingdegrees.’

Guy Harding then pointed out that qualificationssuchastheBartlett’sMScin Light and Lighting at UCL are postgraduate courses, meaning that anyone looking to enter the profession via that route will already have made a significant educationalcommitment.

‘There aren’t any first degrees in lighting.Forme,theapprenticeshiproute, the learning on the job as Hollie put it, is absolutely vital; backed up with industryspecific training,’ he emphasised, although some engineering, architecture or product design undergraduate degrees will have modules in lighting and lighting design.

The ILP’s Exterior Lighting Diploma is, of course, another route into the profession, and was in fact a qualification Hollie pointedoutshewasalreadypursuing.

Another barrier to entry can be the fact that, unlike engineering or architecture, lighting can often be seen as secondary rather than primary specialism. As Fiona put it: ‘Lighting is often seen as a second thought, rather than lighting being one of the first people at the table. It is just not thoughtaboutatall.’

‘I’m definitely in agreement with Fiona and Hollie in terms of at school there’s very little exposure to the lighting industry,’ said Evan. ‘I think targeting the younger generation coming through would be something that would be really worthwhile to tap into. Whether that would be through engaging with students



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Pathways into lighting

on an informal level, just letting them know what opportunities there are, or more kind of technical opportunities like apprenticeships.’

Rinkesh emphasised that this problem is not limited to the UK. ‘Lighting is also a small industry in India. Yes, most people don’t know much about it,’ he said. Since there are no lighting design schools in India, he had had to take an online course in illumination engineering, he pointed out.


We’ve all experienced seismic changes since 2020 in how and where we work, with home-based and hybrid working (so part office- and part home-based) becoming the norm for many, including many working within lighting. Had these changesmadetheindustrymoreorlessattractiveasacareer,thepanelwasasked.

‘Weworktoahybridmodel,’saidFiona. ‘In fact, Hollie and I are in the same room at the moment! We do two days a week in theoffice.’

‘I actually think to begin with it [hybrid working] can make it harder,’ she added. ‘Because you need the technical support when you don’t know completely what you’redoing.Itcanbehardtogetitsometimesbecausesometimesyoujustneedto

sitwithsomeoneandhavethemgooverit withyou.’

Could the industry be doing better, too, at making itself more diverse and inclusive? While the panel agreed they did feel well supported in their respective organisations, there was broad consensus that the industry could still be doing better on this.

‘There needs to be more career guidance on lighting; nobody knows what lighting does. A more industry-based and design-based collaboration is also needed,’Rinkeshsaid.

‘When I first joined, I knew nothing about lighting; it was so challenging,’ agreed Hollie. ‘It was very difficult for someone with no lighting knowledge to come in because most lighting companies assumepeopleknowaboutlighting.Itwas difficult at the beginning to get your head around things, to understand the new language.’

‘As a woman coming in, my company –like many within lighting – is male heavy,’ said Fiona. ‘I did find it intimidating at firsttogoandaskaboutthings.

‘I think sometimes you just need those groups, those spaces, where you can just goandspeakaboutthings.Whereyoucan say, “I really just don’t know what I’m doing!”withnojudgementaroundit.

‘IthinktheYLPisgreatforthat.Because, obviously, you can join when you first start and they talk about things at an easier level than going to some of the bigger events. When you first start, and you don’t really know anything, it can be really hard to push yourself forward. You need to be able to see yourself, or people like you, in higher roles as well, that really helps.Ifyoucan’tseeit,you’renotgoingto goforit,’Fionaadded.


In that case, what can the older (predominantlymale)generationswithinlightingbe doingtohelp,thepanelwasasked.Isitabout doing more around buddyship, mentoring and support? Running meetings better so thatyoungervoicesarenotignoredor,even worse, talked over? Making sure ongoing training and development is easily accessible? Ensuring new starters get to attend –andperhapsevenspeakatorcontributeto–industryCPDevents?Alloftheabove?

‘I think just using your experience and educating people, to help them to understand it is a career to get into. I think just having examples of the different parts of it that you can work in would be helpful,’ agreedEvan.

— KATERINA XYNOGALA Talk to us about making the right connections. Get in touch at Smart integrated lighting solutions that support YOUR initiatives. decarbonisation
Your city, as as you want it. SMART

Pathways into lighting

‘It’s both about being a mentor and an ally to everyone around you, just pushing peopleforward,’saidFiona.

‘Ithinksometimeswhenyou’reajunior inaroleyoucansometimesfeelyou’renot allowed to do or say things. But why shouldn’t you reach for it and go for it? Having someone there to mentor you or gowithyoutoeventswouldbegreat.’

TheYLP’sKaterinaXynogalacameinat this point to highlight the value in this context for young and new lighters of joining,andengagingwith,theYLP.‘From my own experience,it’s been great to get involved in things like theYLP,orwhatever else you’re interested inwithin the industry.Because it’s really valuable to come together with the rest of the industry,’shesaid.

‘Also,it is a great waytoshare and exchange knowledgewith others.It’s very much the more you put into it,the more yougetoutofit,’sheadded.


What, in that case, needed to be role of organisationssuchastheILP(and,within it,theYLP)inthisconversation?Howcan orshouldithelp?

‘I think the YLP especially could have more of a social presence; I think it would begoodforthat,’highlightedFiona.‘Ialso thinkit’dbegoodforittohaveaLinkedIn group. You would reach a lot of people with that and get a lot of people sharing information and what they’re doing, plus it would be a great way to reach out to morepeopleandgetotherpeopleinvolved whoareintheindustry.’

Tapping into the passion and engagement of many young people around climate change and global heating could be another way for the industry to resonate with, and attract, new generations, the panelagreed.

As Evan put it: ‘We have the ability to affect the future of lighting, and we also havearesponsibilitytodoso.Idon’tthink you could say that with many other careers.’

‘I think it is nice to be able to say that you can make a difference or that you are putting something in that isn’t going to damage the environment; that you’re makinggoodchoices,responsiblechoices,’ agreedFiona.‘Andthenyoucantalkabout energy, think about energy, and think aboutwhatit’sgoingtodointhefuture.’

‘TheILP,Ithink,candefinitelypromote the benefits and opportunities of the lightingprofession,especiallyeducational and career opportunities. I’d also like to see the ILP showcasing success stories,’ saidAhmad.

What other messages might inspire

upcoming or future lighting professionals tojointheindustry,thepanelwasaskedas thediscussiondrewtoaconclusion.

‘That lighting is always changing; there is always something more to learn,’ pointedoutHollie.

‘For me, I would say just get into the lighting industry, experience it. If you like it, you’ll stay! Or else you end up doing somethingelse,’saidRinkesh.

Ahmad, in turn, highlighted the flexibility of the industry in terms of future progression and career choices. ‘For example, for me, the ability to work as a freelance designer within lighting is attractive,’hepointedout.

‘I enjoy the ability to work in a hybrid model, which lighting offers. The design sideoflightingalsoverymuchinspiredme tocomeintotheindustry.’

‘I enjoy being able to do a job that is never repetitive; doing different designs,’ saidDaniel.‘Itisajobthatisneverboring. Plus,thefactyoucanworkfromhomeand intheoffice;it’snicetobeabletodoboth.’

The final word was then left to Justin Blades. ‘Thank you to everybody for taking part,’ he emphasised. ‘I suppose my message going forward –to you and to all young or new lighting professionals – is “don’t be strangers”. The ILP is always available and keen to support young and

new lighters within the industry. And, always remember, there are no stupid questions!’

• Turn to page 56 to find our latest YLP/young lighter mini profile


AhmadYarDaniyal,lightingdesign engineer,WSP

FionaElsley,lightingtechnician, DesignsForLighting

DanielEvans,lightingdesigner,ASD Lighting

EvanField,salesadministrator, ElectricalTestingLtd

RinkeshKumar,juniorlighting designer,LoveofLight

HollieThurlow,lightingdesigner, DesignsForLighting

KaterinaXynogalaengineer,lighting andenergysolutions,WSP,andYLP editorialnationalcommittee representative



An LED retrofit by Signify to Dublin Port Tunnel has slashed emissions, energy usage and maintenance time and costs. Moreover, by designing a custom LED tray that fitted seamlessly into the original lantern bodies, it embraced a circular economy approach

Since opening at the end of 2006, Dublin Port Tunnel has offered much-needed breathing space to theroadnetworkabove.

Millionsoftrucksnowpassfrom Dublin Port to the M50 (the main ringroad around Dublin) through the tunnel every year. This twin-bore subterranean stretch of road, 22m below ground and 4.5km in length with a height clearance of 4.65m,wasoriginallylitwith1,800Philips luminaires, which were still going strong in2022.

That year, however, a major retrofit project gave new life to the tunnel. Crucially from a sustainability perspective, this used existing materials, so providing all the benefits of an LED upgrade withoutthewaste.

In this article, I intend therefore to outlineabouttheretrofitandexplainhow it has helped saved millions of euros for Transport Infrastructure Ireland (TII) in infrastructure and electricity costs – an aspectmostimportantrightnowofcourse becauseofthecurrentenergycrisis.


There had been a big change in traffic flows,energycosts,griddemandsoverthe 17 years of Dublin Port Tunnel’s existence –anditwasnodifferentforthelighting.

Seventeen years back, all 1,800 lights in

the tunnel had been lit with HPS lighting (high-pressure sodium, 150W/250W/ 400W), a perfect solution at that time to provide the tunnel with the level of lightingitrequired.

HPS lights, however, as most ILP members will well know, have been found tobeenergy-inefficientandemitheatthat addstocarbonemissions,somakingthem unsustainablefortheenvironment.

They also did not have a long lifespan, whichaddedtomaintenancecosts,tunnel closures, lamp replacement costs, and cleaning regimes when compared to the LED alternatives that are now available, meant the time was ripe to upgrade to a moremodernlightingsolution.

We all know LED nowadays offers an extremely long lifespan relative to every other lighting technology and is more


energy efficient relative to every other commercially available lighting technology.Onmaintenance,too,transitioningto LEDmadecompletesense.

While the tunnel does still need to be regularlycleanedbecauseoftheemissions from heavy goods vehicles, the light units now simply need to be wiped clean on the glassexteriortoallowformaintainedlight source.

Thisfootprinthasreducedstaffingcosts and the carbon footprint of movement of staff to conduct works on site. All in all, it has been a very positive move in the right direction.

TheIrishgovernmenthascommittedto reducing the country’s emissions by 51% by2030andachievingnetzeroby2050.

InIreland,wearenowhalfwaythrough 2023 and we are falling well short of that legally binding target, with a US Environmental Protection Agency climate report predictingthatareductionofjust29%will beachieved.

This has highlighted the imperative of doing better on reducing emissions in Ireland. To that end, Egis Road & Tunnel Operation Ireland (ERTO), which manages the operation and maintenance of the tunnel, along with the client Transport InfrastructureIreland(TII),believedthat reducing energy consumed in the tunnel would be an important step in the rightdirection.

This could be made true in both performance and in energy savings with the switch to LED. While we work to build a long-termenergyinfrastructurethat’sless

dependent on fossil fuels, it is only right that we should also be exploring every avenuesimplytouseless.

Ultimately, lighting is just one piece of theenergyefficiencypuzzle,butitisarelatively‘easywin’.InthecaseofDublinPort Tunnel, replacing the old HPS lamps with LED could cut the tunnel’s electricity consumption – and the costs and emissions that come with it – by up to 60%. That’s a big gain both in operating costs andenvironmentalimpact.

WhenSignifywasapproachedbyERTO to upgrade the lighting, the R&D team set out to a find a solution that could help go beyondeventhisenergysaving.Theywere keentobringfurtherenhancementstothe upgrade, such as better visibility in the tunnel’suniformlighting,alongsidesaving energy.

The team went a step further in evaluating how the already installed lights could bereusedtosaveTIIfurthercostsininfrastructure, and so the project could contributetoacirculareconomyapproach.

The team was hopeful that a solution could be found that would bring all the benefits of modern LED road lighting while giving a new lease of life to the fittings, cabling and infrastructure that wasalreadyinplace.


In the current energy crisis, bringing down energy expenditure is an appealing incentive for public projects. More of these schemes would get off the ground if we can overcome the barrier of high capi-

Tunnel lighting

tal investment, which is even more of a challengewhenbudgetsaresqueezed.

In the case of Dublin Port Tunnel, the projectofferedTIIahugeadvantage–the circular economy-inspired retrofit that would reimagine the materials that were alreadyinplaceandputthemtoworkina newway.

The Signify team took the existing setup as a starting point to design a custom LEDtraythatwouldfitseamlesslyintothe Philips WRTL lantern bodies that had beeninstalled17yearsagoandwhichwere stillingreatshape.

Thebenefitsofthisapproacharemultiple. First, it’s of course a much more economical approach. By making use of materials already there, we were able drastically to reduce the costs and pass thatontoourcustomerinaverycompetitivetender.

Withthecustominserts,wecouldreuse the original, high-quality housing while retesting and CE marking all of the units tocurrentstandards.

Through this remanufacturing approach, we were able to reduce capital expenses by an estimated €3m (£2.6m) comparedtoanewinstallation.

Just as importantly, this approach is alsoeconomicalinhowweuseournatural resources,afactorthat’sbecomingincreasingly important in this age of overconsumption. The past few years have shown us what happens when our supply chains becomedisrupted.Asasociety,weneedto do a much better job of managing materialsfortheroadahead. SEPTEMBER 2023 LIGHTING JOURNAL

Tunnel lighting


Another critical factor in the project was speed. With millions of drivers passing throughthetunneleachyear,itwasessentialthatwekeepdowntimetoaminimum. WithourcustomLEDtraysonhand,installationwasexceptionallystraightforward,as itdidnotinvolveremovingandreinstalling everything; there was no need for lengthy closurescausingmajortrafficdisruption.

Asthetraysweremadetofittheexisting screwholesandconnection,eachtraytook just five minutes to strip out and replace. Installers worked late night and early morning hours for five weeks, minimising impact on the tunnel and on congestion overhead.

Energyperformancewasahugefactorin this project’s success but, as touched on earlier, another big objective was to improvethequalityofthelightsourcesothat drivers would have a clear view when they passunderground.

Driverswhopassthroughthetunnelwill certainlynownoticethedifference.Colour rendering has improved from a low of CRI 25 to CRI 70, helping road users discern objects much more clearly. The improved light source also makes it much easier for CCTVoperatorstodotheirjobs.

Finally, the energy savings have been impressive. The lighting is now using 60% less electricity, saving enough each year to power 300 Irish households. That’s an expectedsavingofupwardsof€4m(£3.3m) inelectricitycosts(includingVAT)overthe comingfiveyears.

Not to forget to mention the power factor (PF) improvement to 0.98 PF compared to an old measured 0.56 PF. Improved grid performance with reduced PFdemandsandimprovedconditionshave now led potentially to more project scope because of the change in conditions in the tunnel.

Forexample,cleaningregimesandreduced maintenance on lighting has led the maintenancecontractortoadjustthenight worksschedules.


When we think about sustainable projects, we’re often drawn to the new and shiny. But to reach our climate goals and create a liveable future, it can’t always be about new – we have to think about what wecanachievewithwhatwealreadyhave.

In the case of Dublin Port Tunnel, we’ve used this approach to deliver massive energy savings at a greatly reduced cost, withafractionofthewaste,andwithminimaldowntime.

This, to me, is how we should be doing thingsacrossIrelandandacrossEuropeto meetourclimategoals.

This project brought about real tangible change; it has demonstrated what can be achieved by remanufacturing, redesigning with an R&D team to develop products thataretime-savinginstallationsanddesignedtoaddvaluetoprojects.Butalso,very muchjustasimportantly,tohelpusstepin the right direction to reducing carbon emissions.


Signify’s ‘remanufacture, repurpose, recycle’ approach to the Dublin Port Tunnel retrofit project will be one of the case studies discussed at Recolight’s Circular Lighting Live conference taking place later this month, on Thursday 21 September. The ILP isasupporteroftheeventandyoucan turn to page 60 for a full preview of whattoexpect.

Sean Campbell is key account manager, road lighting, at Signify Ireland

The Safety of Lighting

Lighting has a profound and often misunderstood effect on all aspects of the human experience.

Did you know well-designed and implemented lighting can be used to detect criminals? For example, sensors can be attached to lights, which can pinpoint the location of criminal activity and send a signal to the emergency services quicker than anyone would be able to phone, allowing a faster response to rescue.

Introba can be your partner in specialist design and assessment of light and lighting in all environments including:

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For further information on how Introba can help you, contact Lighting Design Consultant Kimberly Bartlett.


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©Martin Knowles Photography

‘On behalf of myself and Manchester LDC, I welcome everybody to sunny Manchester. That is, I appreciate, two words that you don’t normally associate with eachother,’quippedIanDarlington,chair of Manchester LDC, as he opened this year’s Professional Lighting Summit (PLS).

Held between 14-15 June at Manchester's Museum of Science and Industry, the two days of CPD, networking and showcasing, like last year’s PLS in Bristol, coincided with sweltering weather that showedoffthecitytoitsbest.

Delegates heard presentations from UCL’s Professor Peter Raynham, Nick GriffinofWSP,Signify’sEmilyBolt,ElizabethThomasofWalsallCouncil,andAlan

Thisyear’sProfessionalLighting SummitatManchester's MuseumofScienceand Industrybroughttogetherthe professionfortwodaysofhighqualityCPDandnetworking


Grant of DW Windsor, among many others. Articles built from a number of these talks appear in this edition and will be featured in future editions of Lighting Journal.So,watchthisspace.


Oneofthehighlightsofthisyear’sPLSwas the ‘House of Harding’ panel discussion anddebate.

ChairedbyILPTechnicalManagerGuy Harding, this brought together Bob Bohannon of the Lighting Industry Association, Allan Howard of WSP, Andrew BisselloftheSocietyofLightandLighting andStuartMortonfromJacobs.

Bob’stalk,asalreadyhighlightedearlier in this edition (from page six), outlined the industry’s growing concerns over the


government’s looming proposed ‘minimum energy performance standards’ (MEPS)forlightsources.

The rest of the discussion reflected on Guy,Allan,AlanandStuart’sexperienceof giving evidence in March to the House of Lords Science and Technology Committee’s investigation into light and noise pollution (‘Parliamentaryscrutiny’, May 2023,vol88no5).

It served to illustrate the value and importance of the profession coming together and speaking ‘truth to power’ withonecombinedvoice.

Guy explained how, from initially just submittingwrittenevidence,thecommittee had asked the ILP to give oral evidence, ideally in person. Combining with Andrew Bissell, as both an ILP member and President of the Society of Light and Lighting (SLL), this enhanced the impact of the evidence they were able to present tothecommitteeroomofeminentpeers.

Thefourwereaskedtorate,onascaleof one to 10, how well they felt the UK is doing at tackling light pollution, with 10 being‘brilliant’andone‘rubbish’.

‘I had just come back from an LDC event in Dublin and flew back by plane, landing at Birmingham Airport in the evening. I looked down and realised just how much light was coming up and how much bright light I could see,’ Guy recalled, in explaining how he had come up withapointscoreofjustthree.

‘Ialsocamefairlyrapidlytotheconclusion that street lighting was not the main culprit in this. They were an awful lot of other sources and other installations giving us problems. I think with street lighting we’re starting to get our house in order, we’re not perfect but we’re getting there.

‘Alotofitisthatpoorlyinstalled,poorly maintained lighting, and especially indu-

strial lighting, such as warehouses and distribution centres, many of which have arrays of LEDs angled up. So my evidence wasverymuchbasedaroundthesefacets,’ headded.

‘The Lords had distinct areas that they wanted to ask us about, and one of those wasjustaskinguswhatpowerdowehave; how can we control this?’ said Allan Howard,onthepanelasbothaPastPresident of the ILP and secretary of the UK LightingLiaisonGroup

‘We advised them that we have got the CleanNeighbourhoodsandEnvironment Act.Butthatisabouttheonlypieceoflegislation that we can call on and it is very specific to artificial light emitted from a premises affecting the occupier of another premises, and therefore being considered as a nuisance or prejudicial to health,’headded.

TheNationalPlanningFrameworkand National Planning Policy Framework were other tools the profession could

bring to bear. ‘They list things that plannersshouldconsiderbuttheyreallydono more than that, and it also depends how interested the planning department is and what they know about it. And in a lot of cases whether they actually have a lighting engineer within their own local authority, which we know that most don’t,’Allanexplained.

‘We were asked, do we need more legislation? I’m not sure we do need more legislation; we don’t want to be overly prescriptive about these things. But we do need to look at perhaps a lighting strategy of how we do that. Let’s getplannerstohaveagreaterawareness oftheseissuesandhowtoaddressthem. What is required within an application? Call on the right resources. Let the enforcement teams know what they’ve got to look at.

‘Wedoneedtohavebetterproductswith better guidance, and we do need to have muchbetterapplication,’Allanadded. SEPTEMBER 2023 LIGHTING JOURNAL
Examplary running head
Inside the ILP
Ian Darlington opening the PLS and the 'House of Harding' panel. From left: Allan Howard, Bob Bohannon, Andrew Bissell, Guy Harding, and Stuart Morton

Inside the ILP


Stuart Morton, representing the ILP’s Technical Committee, emphasised how, for him, the Lords had zeroed in on the tension between artificial lighting and ecology and artificial lighting and safety at night.

‘Light pollution is getting worse; it is impacting on biodiversity. How serious is it going to be? Well, quite simply, if the ecosystems that we’re reliant upon fail, then so will human health. So I emphasised that we need to move to protect dark skies, and how this affects insects and bats and protected species,’ he explained.

Finally, Andrew Bissell had emphasised the need for conversation – and action – around light pollution to ramp up within cities and urban areas as well as more rural environments.

‘When the question came round from the Lords, how well do you think we’re doing, never one to make things straightforward, I had two answers. I hadthisscenariowherebyforadarksky area, for a National Park, for an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, I think we’re doing very well. There is a lot of evidence out there to show that lighting in those areas has been reducing, and it has been well controlled. The local authorities are doing a fantastic job,’ Andrew explained to the audience in Manchester.

‘I said I would probably give eight or nine out of 10 for National Parks and dark sky areas; I think we doing a lot of good work. The problem we’ve got, I feel, is cities. I don’t feel we’re doing enough at all. When you look at the guidance, you are allowed to pollute a city more than you can pollute a dark sky area or an E1, E2 or E3 area. But why? Why are we allowed to do that?

‘Let’s just have a standard, and let’s apply that everywhere. We need to do something I think more to restore night skies to the cities and to our urban areas. Because we’re doing a great job of protecting the night skies; we shouldn’t stop protecting them, but let’s do a little bit more in the cities.

‘We have the guidance and it is enforceable. But has anyone ever had a local authority pick up on an industrial area or city building or façade because they’re causing skyglow? It is only when it impacts wildlife or people in their bedrooms that we pick up on it. Actually, we should just start looking and taking measurements above cities and looking to bring that down.

‘Do we need more legislation, standards and guidance? I’m with Allan, I

don’t think we necessarily need to go too heavy on legislation, but I think we could do better in our guidance and our standards. One thing we’re looking to do in SLL is to have a section on dark skies in every guide, whether it’s the office lighting guide, the school lighting guide and so on. And I’m sure that will be happening everywhere as well,’ Andrew added.


Amanda Reece, engineer at Designs for Lighting (DFL), presented to the Summiton‘womeninengineeringand lighting–past,presentandfuture’.

Her talk encompassed the early pioneers of engineering, including CarolineHaslett,MargaretMoir,Mary Partridge, Hertha Ayrton, Jeanie Dicks, Isabel Hardwich, and Daphne Jackson,amongothers.

She also highlighted how The Electrical Association for Women and the Association of Public Lighting Engineers (APLE, which became the ILP) were founded in the same year, 1924, and so will both be celebrating their centenariesnextyear.

‘But women are still fighting for equal rights. We are proportionately under-represented in many engineeringinstitutes,withnetworkingevents aimed at men. The promotion of womenintoseniorengineeringrolesis quite rare, and PPE is made with men in mind. So, it begs the question how far have we actually come?’ she pointed out, citing Engineering UK data suggesting women still make up just 16.5%oftheengineeringworkforce.

In fact, since 2010 there has only been a 6% increase of women coming into the industry and rates of change being mainly in the technical and associate roles as opposed to managerialanddirectorpositions.

‘When I asked my daughter when

she was taking her GCSEs why she didn’t want to go into an engineering role, her answer was “why would I want to prove to a man every day that I’m good at my job?”. And that’s a fair point, because many of us feel we still haveto,’Amandaadded.

To try to address this ongoing gender gap, or gender ceiling, within lighting and engineering, there was much conversation at the Summit aboutwhat,andwhatmore,anorganisationsuchastheILPcando.

One idea proposed – and it is early days yet – was the formation of a new body within the Institution much like the Young Lighting Professionals (YLP) but to promote, celebrate and showcase women lighting professionals.

Provisionally called the WLP, or Women Lighting Professionals, the idea will be for it, as Amanda put it, ‘to be a group to which we can direct female engineers from all walks of life, ofallages,andonethatcanholdallthe information we need about being successful in the lighting industry. Technical introductions, research opportunities, buddy systems, all the things that women want but are often tooinhibitedtoaskfor.’

Watch this space, and online at, for more information on the development of this nascent new body as and when it becomes available.

Amanda Reece at the PLS Stuart Morton

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Five‘StrategicImplementationProgramme’,orSIP,projects,havebeen developedtohelptaketheILP’sfive-year‘Strategy2026’roadmapfrom visiontoreality

For ILP members gathered in Manchester, June’s edition of Lighting Journal provided an update on the Institution’s five-year ‘Strategy 2026’ roadmap, written by Chief Executive Justin Blades (‘Let’s get talking’,vol88no6).

Justin used the opportunity of having a significant cohort of members together in one room to provide a further strategy update, this time outlining how the vision ofthestrategy–itsfivecorestrategicaims – are beginning to be taken forward and developed into actual change on the ground.

Justin, first, recapped on the five strategicaims.‘Thefirstistoberespectedforour professionalism and competence in lighting. The second is to be a trusted sourceoftechnicalinformationonlighting by supporting and enabling a diverse community of practitioners,’ he told members.

‘The third, to deliver value, information and services to members and the professional lighting community 365, 24/7, regardless of location, using digital platforms. The fourth, to secure the future of lightingprofession,akeyissue,byencouraging that next generation of lighting professionals to join the industry and equip them with the skills and knowledge tosucceed.Andthefifth,toensurethatany legislation, technical standards and other legalinstrumentsthatimpactlightinghave best practice and sound principles as their foundation,’Justinadded.


These five aims are, in turn, now being embedded through five ‘Strategic Implementation Programmes’, or SIP, projects forshort.Thesearelookingat:

• membershipdevelopment;

• technicalknowledgebase;

• pathwaysintolighting;

• industrypartnerrecognition;and

• externalstakeholderengagement.

Each SIP project, Justin outlined, is being led by a senior volunteer within the ILP,withmembershipdevelopmentbeing led — or sponsored — by new ILP President Rebecca Hatch and pathways into lighting by Immediate Past President FionaHorgan.

ThetechnicalknowledgebaseSIPisthen beingledbyPastPresidentAnthonySmith, andtheindustrypartnerrecognitionSIPby SeniorPresidentElectPerryHazell.

Finally,theexternalstakeholderengagementSIPisbeingledbyHonoraryTreasurerJohnSutcliffe,withanumberoffurther digital projects being overseen by Junior President Elect James Duffin. As well as a leadorsponsor,eachSIPalsohasaproject leadandteam.

‘Each project has an owner, or sponsor, and they have been working with me to developwhatwe’vecalledaprojectcharter and a project outline plan to define exactly what this project needs to do. The early steps then have been in drafting that outlineplantounderstandwhatwe’regoingto need to do in order to make it happen,’ Justinexplained.


Justin then asked Rebecca Hatch and Anthony Smith to give updates on their respectiveSIPwork.

‘This project is centred around the delivery of our membership and qualifications thatwilldefinewhattoday’slightingprofessional needs in terms of knowledge, skills and experience and how we as an Institution assess and recognise the competency and professionalism that we have within ourlightingindustry,’Rebeccaexplainedof themembershipdevelopmentSIP.

TheprojectplanandcharterforthisSIP had already been created, she outlined. ‘What this project is trying to do in a nutshellistodeliverforusasetofmembership grades that will cater to all types of member. Current members and future members. With and without the option of Engineering Council registration as neces-

sarytorecognisetheircompetenceintheir particular role in the lighting profession,’ Rebeccasaid.

‘There is absolutely no suggestion that we need to remove any of our existing membership grades. They’re working and they’regreat.Whatweneedtodoisreview, addtoandenhancethatsetofmembership products,ifyoulike,sothatweareoffering something that suits all lighting professionals,’sheemphasised.

‘What will be a mark of success for this projectisthatwewillhaveanofferingforall types of members, and we will have a competencyframeworkthatsupportseach of those grades. So that there is a clear understanding of how you progress throughthosedifferentmembershipstages.

‘There will also be fit-for-purpose membership and registration processes that are transparent and easy to navigate. And which will, in the long term, be delivereddigitally.

‘The benefits that we hope to see as a resultofthisprojectbeingcompletedwillbe an increase in the number of qualified and registeredmembers.Andthatbeingaqualified ILP member is respected and soughtafterbyalltypesoflightingprofessionalsas a widely accepted badge of competence in theindustry,’Rebeccaadded.

Anthony Smith


Anthony Smith emphasised how, for his SIP – the technical knowledge base – the starting point was a recognition that the ILP’s Technical Committee’s pipeline of technical documents and training programmes (for example the Exterior Lighting Diploma) all currently work well undertheleadershipofTechnicalManager GuyHarding.

‘Whatwewanttodoisbringthetwobits [technicalandeducation]together,’hesaid.

‘We’vedonetheprojectcharter,thathas beenreviewedbyExecutiveBoardandthe TechnicalCommittee,sothey’retotallyon board with this; everyone understands what is happening with it. Within this we’vesetoutthegoalswewanttoachieve.

‘These are about trying to be more reactiveasanInstitution.Wewanttoscopeout the boundaries and make sure we understand what we’re trying to achieve so we don’tgetthatscopecreepthattendstoleak into these things. The different SIPs all work together; they come together as one element.Butwedoneedtomakesurethat wehaveclearboundaries.

‘It is also about joining things together more.Wequiteoften,forexample,produce really good technical documentation but then don’t follow it up with some sort of CPD delivery, whether that’s small 10minute training sessions, or more detailed residential training programme. So we want to look at how we can develop that,’ Anthonysaid.

Anthony concluded with a call to ILP membersnottobeshyaboutputtingthemselvesforwardtohelpandgetinvolved.

‘It doesn’t matter how senior or new to theindustryyouare,andwedowanttoget young blood and new ideas in as well, so please put yourself forward. Even if your timeislimited,’Anthonysaid.

‘It [the Strategy 2026] will hopefully makeusalotmoreagileintermsofhowwe approachthings,’Anthonyadded.

• TurnovertofindouthowtheStrategy 2026 is also changing the governance andstructureoftheILP.


Todiscussthestrategy,findoutmore or get involved, please contact Justin

You can find ‘Supportinglighting professionalsforthebenefitofsociety: Institution of Lighting ProfessionalsStrategy2026’at SEPTEMBER 2023 LIGHTING JOURNAL Inside the ILP 43
Rebecca Hatch explaining about the SIPs


TheILP’sStrategy2026willonlymake adifferenceifitiscomplementedby effectivegovernanceanddecisionmakingstructures.Asaresult,there havebeensomeimportantchangesto theILP,asJustinBladesexplains

When we gathered in Manchester, I took the opportunity to update members on some of the important governance changes that have recently takenplaceattheILP.

These changes very much go hand in hand with our Strategy 2026, as outlined in the previous article, and are all about ensuring that the appropriate decisionmaking structures are in place to enable that strategy to happen. It is about making changes that will assist us on our strategy‘journey’.

Followingaconsultationbymyself,the Board and various groups at various times over the past year, I’m pleased to say that at our online AGM in May these revisions and changes were supported in their entirety by more than 90% of the votingmeeting.


So, what’s changed? One of the first thingsisthatwe’vechangedwhatwasthe Executive Board. This is now the Board of Trustees, and is a change that is in line with good practice and good governance fororganisationssuchastheILP.

We are, I’m sure you’re all aware, a registered charity; we are also a licensed body under the Engineering Council. To offer theEngineeringCouncilregistrationsthat we do via our Membership Committee, it

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is important that we accurately describe the role of our highest decision-making body,namelythattheyarethetrusteesof ourcharitableorganisation.

Second, as importantly – in fact perhaps more so – we have created two new roles at board level, at the highest decision-making point in the organisation. These are: Vice President –Membership, Qualifications and Registrations;andVicePresident–Technical.

These are new positions. Haydn Yeo, Vice President – Technical under the old structure, has been doing a sterling job, as have all of our volunteers. I will emphasise that these changes are in no way, shape or form a reflection on the good work that has been done up to now; they’rethechangesthatweneedtomake sure that we have the organisation structurefitforpurposeaswemoveforwards.

A ‘Call for Nominations’ will be issued to all eligible members to put themselves forward for those roles, and they will be assessed in line with our existing governanceviathePastPresidentsmechanism.

This is similar to what we already have in place for the Presidential succession, and very clear role descriptions for each position will be issued shortly. This will identify the skills, experience and the competence that will be required. To be clear, anybody who feels they fit those role descriptions are welcome – and are indeed invited – to put themselves forward.

Alongside this, we’ve clarified our core top three Presidential roles and the terminology used to describe them. The Senior Vice President role has become Senior President Elect. And the Junior Vice President role has become the Junior President Elect. These titles now more accurately describe their place in thePresidentialsuccession.

A further change we’ve made is to the role of our two Treasurers, essentially a bitofgovernance‘housekeeping’.Rather thanhaving,aswehavehaduptonow,an Assistant and an Honorary Treasurer, these two positions will now both becomejointHonoraryTreasurers.

This means they have been put on an equal and jointly responsible footing for keeping an eye on the finances of the Institution (which are in, I must add, a healthystate).

As a result of James Duffin’s elevation to the Presidential succession as Junior President Elect, there will also now be a Call for Nominations for one of those positions, as it will now become vacant. Again, I do encourage individuals to put themselves forward if they feel that they’vegottheskillsandexperiencetodo

that. I welcome anyone who wants to haveaconversationwithmeaboutanyof theseroles.


Let me focus for a moment on the change we’ve made in terms of creating the two new Vice President roles. Aligned with these, there is now a set of subcommittees to support those trustee responsibilities. One of them was already inexistence:theMembershipCommittee.

That’s being supported in this area of work with the creation of two new committees: an Education Committee and Registration Committee. The new chairsofthesethreesub-committeeswill support the Vice President – Membership, Qualifications and Registrations in the delivery of this important part of ILP’swork.

The Technical Committee obviously already existed. That will be chaired by the Vice President Technical at Board level,reportingbacktotheBoard.

The creation of these two new Vice Presidentrolesalsopromptedareviewof the other volunteer leadership roles in theInstitution.This,naturally,meantwe have had a conversation about our existing network of Vice Presidents. Having multiple ‘Vice Presidents’ in this context that were not Board of Trustee positions was confusing and not aligned to best practice for a charitable organisationofourtype.

Some of our Vice President roles will therefore now fall away, to be replaced by new chairs of committees. We have discussed and agreed this with the individuals whoareinvolved.Tobeclear–andIreiteratethisagainbecauseitisanimportantpoint – none of these changes are in any way, shape or form a reflection on individual performance, the time, effort and amazing commitment,theyhavemadeandgiven.

It is a change that is entirely driven by the need to structure the organisation as weseefitaswemoveforwards.Itstreamlines the number of roles and it focuses laser-likeonourSIPprojects.

Another important point to stress is the continuity of our member communities. There is no change at this point to the Lighting Delivery Centres or YLP structure.


Finally, our Council. This will be chaired in future by the Senior President Elect. This is to make sure that we reinforce that connection with our wider membership, that we make sure their voice is heard and that there is clear two-way communication. Council will have an vital role in providing oversight and accountability to the delivery of Strategy 2026 and our SIP projects on behalfofthemembershipoftheILPasa whole.

To me, this important connective layerisvitaltothefutureoftheILP;that dialogue is not just one way. We intend –and we’re putting a lot of effort into over the next few months – to bring our ILP community together so that we have a true two-way conversation and discussion.

I should also stress that all Council and non-Presidential succession Board roles (in other words, those who not are already in the Presidential succession line) will be eligible for nomination as Junior President Elect moving forwards.

We are very much looking to be as inclusive and welcoming as possible in that leadership group.

Justin Blades is Chief Executive of the ILP and members can contact him on


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RebeccaHatchformally swappedthePresidential chainsofofficewithFiona HorganattheProfessional LightingSummit.Hereisan abridgedversionofher President’saddressto members Rebecca (right) with Immediate Past President Fiona Horgan

Being announced as your President at the AGM on 24 May, and recognised again today at our annual ProfessionalLightingSummit,isa true honour and something I have always aspired to do. Thank you to each and every member for your trust and confidence–Iwilldomybesttomakeyou proud.

If I get this right, I am the 92nd President, appointed at our 96th AGM, in 99 years of the ILP – all the nines working towardsourcentenarynextyear.

For those who don’t know me a quick introduction. I am head of business for lighting and energy solutions at WSP. I started my lighting career in 2004 with Atkins joining as a junior lighting technician with really no idea what that meant orwouldentail.

Prior to taking that role, I was a florist and thought that I wanted to study law. But what I found myself in was an unofficialapprenticeshipwhereIcompletedmy ONC and HNC in electrical engineering, my exterior lighting diploma, and learnt on the job or through attending industry events.


I have spent a good three-quarters of my career in consultancy but have also worked in manufacturing with INDO Lighting and on the contractor side with FM Conway. My ILP career has also been varied, from the then ILE membership and education committee, serving six yearsonCounciland–myproudestachievement – YLP co-founder in 2009 and YLP chair to Vice President to Senior Vice President (now Senior President

I want to share why this matters to me. For those quick at maths, I’m 19 years into my career and have at least 19 more to go, probablyalotmoregiventhe current climate. But the pointis,I’monlyhalfway.

Whilst I will bring all the learning and experience of the last 19 years to this role, it really matters to me thatIhaveapositive impact and we continue to drive the Institution and our industry forward.Because I still have to do it all over again and I am not goinganywhere anytimesoon.

It’s really important to me that we starttoshiftthedialonhowpeoplecome intoourindustry;thereisnothingwrong with the diverse paths we have taken and, for many, fallen into lighting. But I would love to start to hear stories of the next generation who choselighting as a career.

There is no better time to be a lighting professional – in my opinion. During my career there have been a few big events:

• LEDs. In other words, that big technical shift and fundamental change. OK, going from sodium, SOX and SON to white light was big. But LED was a game-changer and still is.

• Covid. We have survived a global pandemic. Whilst it was unexpected, tragic for many, there are some positives to take. It forced the world to be more digital, to work with more agility – and that was true for the ILP as much as all of you. We went to online meetings and events tosomegreatsuccessand,lookatus today, delivering, once again, a hybrid PLS.


So,whydoIthinknowisourtime?What is that big event we currently are facing? Climate change. Net zero has given us in the lighting and electrical space a seat at the table and, in my opinion, it has made what we do relevant.

Our roles have, of course, always been importantbutnotalwaysgiventhevalue or credit we deserve. Well, now people arepayingattention;theperfectstormof the pressure of net zero targets and the energy crisis has made the lighting professional arguably the most important seat at that table.

Wearetheexpertstoadvise,guideand support to ensure we weather this big event and come out, not only without turning all the lights off, but with a more sustainable stock of lighting assets at the end of it which sets us up for the future challenges.

We have heard an update on Strategy 2026. I’m proud of what the Board has put together and, if you have not read it, please do so; it is on the ILP website (see panel at the end). A lot of effort has gone intothedevelopmentofthestrategyover the last year. But the hard work really starts now in its implementation.

So my ask of you all is to consider how you can help to deliver it – be that applying for one of the new Vice President roles, volunteering to sit on one of the SIP project teams or, if you do not have the time to dedicate, sharing resources

you use within your own organisations. That, too, is a helpful contribution.

I believe that if we can move forward with our five strategic aims (the what) and five strategic streams (the how), we will be successful in delivering the why –our mission – and achieving our vision.


We believe this strategy will result in the sustainable Institution that you as members need and that our brilliant industry deserves.

We need to be keeping up with you –theever-changingenvironmentwework in. Keeping up with what the world is demanding of us as lighting professionals. We need to stay relevant so you can stay relevant. Ultimately, lighting is and shouldbeforall.Withoutlightwecannot survive

I really do hope that we start to see progress towards lighting being a career that is chosen; I want current and future generations to know what it is to be a lighting professional and then to choose it.

Therefore, we must promote our profession. We must raise awareness, improve accessibility and make it attractivenotjusttothenextgenerationbutto those in adjacent sectors.

I want lighting to be open for all and for us to be a truly inclusive and diverse industry.

But we cannot and should not do this alone, or in silos.

We are a unique but small industry, always answering to another discipline or sector. We are stronger together and thelightingindustry,regardlessofwhich association or institution we are members of; must come together to act and to ensure that lighting is recognised for the profession that we know it is.

A profession where the value we bring is recognised, as is the importance of havingacompetentlightingprofessional as part of every project.

Let’s raise the bar and be bold in our promotion of what it is we do!


You can find ‘Supporting lighting professionalsforthebenefitofsociety:InstitutionofLightingProfessionalsStrategy2026’at SEPTEMBER 2023 LIGHTING JOURNAL Inside the ILP 49
Rebecca Hatch IEng MILP is President of the ILP and head of business for lighting and energy solutions at WSP.


ThelatestLightingEducationTrustdiplomainlightandlightingwillstart thismonth.ItprovidesasupportrouteintotheBartlett’smaster’s programmebutisalsosimplyinvaluableforanyonelookingtoimprovetheir lightingskillsandknowledge

The Lighting Education Trust (LET) was founded some years ago to provide support for the master’s degree in lighting at The Bartlett School of Architecture at UniversityCollegeLondon(UCL).

The trust developed a diploma in light and lighting to provide a pathway for students to apply for admission to this postgraduatedegree.

Using a modular, distance learning, approach the course content has evolved overtheyearstoreflecttechnical,environmental and research changes in light and lighting.

It has also become obvious that the diplomacontenthasabroaderappealthan itsoriginalintent.

The knowledge and experience gained from this course is helpful to anyone with an interest in lighting the built environment.

This could be anyone from electrical engineerswantingtoextendtheirinsights into the purpose of lighting through to those developing computer games in the virtual world keen to get the lighting effectsright.

Eitherway,thecourseisanidealwayto learn while staying on the job. Anyone involved in designing lighting schemes, the design and development of light sources, the manufacture of luminaires, their

application, maintenance, and use can benefit.


The diploma in light and lighting, affiliated byUCL,isadistancelearningcoursedeliveredviaanonlineplatform.

As the course is delivered online, there are no formal classes, although the exams are held in London. Alternative locations can be arranged for overseas students to sittheexamlocally.

The course is a two-year programme starting this month (September) and based on about eight to 12 hours study timeperweektocompletethe13modules. The actual time will vary between students and you may find some modules easierthanothers.

The course gives an introduction to lighting design, light sources and luminaires, interior lighting and architectural/ exteriorlighting.

An introduction to industry-standard lighting software packages and other pertinent topics in lighting, such as environment issues, daylight and emergency lighting are also included in the course syllabus.

Alongside the core course content, guestlecturesdeliveredbyleadinglighting professionals will be presented online to complement the course with ‘hot’ industrytopics.


to, lighting design for human-centric inclusivity, circular economy and embodiedcarbonanddarkskies.

Although this is a distance learning course, you aren’t alone. You will have access to well-respected experts on specialist fields of lighting via the administrator,too.


There are no pre-requisite skills or educationneededforthiscourse.Thisisanintroductiontolightingdesigndevelopedonthe basis that the student has no previous knowledge.

Familiaritywithmathematicsishelpful but by no means essential. LET does, however, also provide a maths primer to helpyouifthatisnotyourstrength.

Thecourseisdesignedtobesuitablefor peoplewhoarealsoworkingfulltimeso,as longasyouhavethediscipline,youshould beabsolutelyfine.

There is also a study-at-home guide available that may be useful to help you organise your time most efficiently. If it’s beensometimesinceyoulaststudied,the guide also has some useful tips on getting backintothehabit.

Finally, there is no age limit for the course. If you have the desire to learn, you’re never too old! LET course administratorsarealwaysonhandtosupportand encouragealltheenrolledstudents.


If you have any questions about the LET distance learning course or are interested in enrolling, you can

Lighting education
Kristina Allison BA (Hons) MA CEng MSLL MCIBSE is vice president of the Society of Light and Lighting and technical course co-ordinator for the LET
The M+ museum in West Kowloon Cultural District, Hong Kong, with a lighting scheme by Arup. An LET diploma can put you on the path to pursuing a career in lighting the built environment
Have you submitted your ELD Completion Project? Exterior Lighting Diploma ELD In order to gain the ILP Exterior Lighting Dimploma, submitting a Completion Project is essential. For tutorial support please contact or If you are struggling WE CAN HELP! You will not qualify without it! WHERE THERE IS LIGHT, THERE IS LIFE Inserat_Homeoffice_Bicult_210x148,5_EN.indd 1 16.08.23


Withgovernmentandcross-partysupport,employerscanexpectthenewWorkerProtectionBilleventually tobecomelaw.Itwillputtheonusonemployerstoprotectemployeesfrom‘unwantedconduct’bycolleagues, contractors,clientsandeventhepublic.HowardCrossmanandKeithWilliamsunpickhowlightingfirms shouldprepareforthischange

Employersaresettobecomeaccountable for the harassment of their staff by third parties under the proposedWorker Protection

(Amendment of Equality Act 2010)

Billrecently put forward by Liberal DemocratMP,WeraHobhouse[1]

Some headlines around this proposal suggest that it is time for employers to deploy the ‘banter police’ if they don’t want to be sued by their employees when they overhear something they find offensive at work. But what will the Bill really meanforworkerswithinthelightingindustry if it is enacted (as is expected) next year, and what can you do to prepare for theanticipatedchanges?

It is unusual for a private member’s bill from an opposition MP to be picked up and supported by the government, as this onehasbeen,andthisperhapsreflectsthe importance which is being placed on the mattersaddressedbythisone.

TheBillseekstoamendtheEqualityAct 2010 to place a clear duty on employers to proactively protect employees (including the wider definition of ‘workers’) from unwanted conduct by third parties in relation to the various ‘protected characteristics’.

These are age, disability, gender reassignment, marital status, pregnancy or maternity, race, religion or belief, sex and sexualorientation.‘Unwantedconduct’in this context is conduct that has the purpose or effect of creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensiveenvironment.


The Bill will effectively replace the ‘three strikes’rule,whichpreviouslyrequiredan

employee to show that the employer was aware of at least two previous instances of harassment and did not take action to preventitfromhappeningagain.

The three strikes rule was heavily criticised, seldom used and ultimately repealed in 2013.The government’s view atthattimewasthattherulewasunnecessary and that the Equality Act continued to provide protection against third-party harassmentwithoutit.

However, this was not reflected in the courts and it was found that the repeal of these provisions meant that the Equality Act no longer provided any protection againstthird-partyharassment.

The proposed Bill does not require an employee to point to any prior incidents but only to show that reasonable steps werenottakenbytheemployertoprotect them. Whatis‘reasonable’willdependon the circumstances, including the size of the company and the resources availabletothem.


So how will this affect the lighting industry? If you are an employer within the lighting industry, and any of your employees may come into contact with a thirdparty,therewillbeanonusonyouto prevent your employees from suffering harassmentwhiletheyareworking.

This protection will extend to all employees, so whether you have staff in sales or marketing, for example, who speak to and meet with target companies promoting your products. Or if you employ engineers who enter your client’s premises to fit or repair lighting installations–theywillallbecovered.


the companies you work with, any other contractors who they or you engage, or even members of the public who are presentintheworkingenvironment.

There is a defence built into the Bill which means that employers will not be liable in relation to conduct that involves an overheard conversation in which the employeewasnotaparticipant.

Equally, there will not be liability if a commentwasnotaimedspecificallyatthe employee and where that conversation or comment involves the expression of an opinion on a political, moral, religious or social matter that is not ‘indecent or grossly offensive’ and is not intended to insult the employee or create a hostile environmentforthem.

What, however, does this actually mean in practice? What this means is that, for example, if your employee overhears and is offended by a conversation or comment that they are not involved in, and is not directed at them, there will be a fairlyhighbarof‘offensiveness’ before you could be foundliablefornothavingprotectedthem.

However,thisdefencedoesnotapplyto cases of sexual harassment, given that the Commons Women and Equalities Select Committeeheldaninquiryin2018,which found a number of concerns with the coverage of sexual harassment protections in the existing legislation. The government is specifically committed to rectifying these concerns through this legislation.

An employer who fails to take reasonable steps to proactively prevent harassment by third parties can be liable to pay uncapped compensation to the employee. Where that harassment involves any


Legal issues

degree of sexual harassment, the tribunal may order an uplift to the compensation awardedofupto25%.

The Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC) may also investigate and take its own enforcement action against businesses that are not meeting theirobligationsunderthelaw,whichcan beextremelyreputationallydamaging.

This means that victims could inform the EHRC of their concerns without needing to take legal action against their employer.


This all sounds pretty serious and scary, especiallyasitrelatestothirdpartiesover whomanemployerhasnodirectcontrol.

However, it is important to recognise that the purpose of the Bill is to support the creation of workplace cultures based onrespect.

The effects of harassment on individuals are profound and long-lasting, and theyaredamagingtoemployers.

Recent reports and headlines, includingthe#metoomovement,indicatethat thereisaneedforincreasedprotectionin theworkplace.

Employers are not expected to take extreme measures above that which they are already expected to be doing to prevent harassment. But they should be doing their utmost to promote a positive workplace culture in which employees feelsafeandvalued.

There is no prescribed minimum standard, and the test to determine what is reasonable for each employer will be an objective one based on the specific circumstances.

However, there are a number of steps that all business owners in the lighting industry can take to get ahead of this legislation in preventing workplace harassment.

Internally, for example, companies should ensure they have robust anti-harassment policies and accessible complaintsproceduresinplace–andthat these are understood by managers and regular training of these is carried out. Complaints of harassment should always be taken seriously and dealt with appropriately.

You may also wish to review your contracts and terms of business to set standards of conduct by the staff of your customers and other business partners. Where possible, these should be able to hold them accountable for any unacceptable behaviour by their

employees. Again, these should be proactively communicated to ensure that all sides understand what is and isn’t ‘acceptable’.

As an employer, you may need to be prepared to tackle customers and industry partners in circumstances where their employees who work alongside, or interact with, yours have not behaved appropriately. Under the new legislation, letting these matters go by without comment will no longer be a safe option.

Finally,theEHRChaspublishedtechnical guidance on sexual harassment and harassment at work [2]. This contains detailed information on how employers can prevent and deal with workplace harassment, and so may be valuable to read and fully understand.

AccordingtotheBill’sexplanatorynotes, theEHRCwillalsopublishastatutorycode

[1] The Worker Protection (Amendment of Equality Act 2010) Bill, Private Member’s Bill, UK Parliament, [2] ‘Sexual harassment and harassment at work’, EHRC,

[3] Worker Protection (Amendment of Equality Act 2010) Bill, explanatory notes,

of practice on workplace harassment in timefortheBill’simplementation[3]

The Bill has yet to complete its passage through Parliament before it is put intolaw.But,withgovernmentandwide cross-party support, we should expect to see something very much like the current form of the Bill come into force in the near future.

Howard Crossman (hcrossman is head of construction and Keith Williams is employment partner at Greenwoods GRM. With offices in London, Cambridge and Peterborough, GreenwoodsGRMisaUKcommerciallaw firm providing legal advice and pragmatic solutions to local, national and internationalclients.



ShevokieAllen,seniorlightingdesigneratNulty,outlinesherrouteinto lighting,howtheindustryneedstochange,andwhythetransformative natureoflightcontinuestoinspireher


I am Shevokie Allen, I’m Jamaican-born butgrewupinLondonfromtheageof10.

I first encountered the world of lighting when, aged 16, I was studying performing arts at Sixth Form.

Despite loving the stage and acting, I was also fascinated by the enigmatic world behind the curtains – where I found solace as a lighting technician.

It was during this time that my fascination for the hidden aspects of theatrical production began to take root. I witnessedtheprofoundimpactthatlight canwieldasastorytellerwithinthetheatrical realm.

Light, I discovered, holds the power to reshape a scene, manipulate the passage of time, and serve as the vital adhesive that binds a narrative together. My passion for lighting was firmly kindled!


One day remains etched in my memory. It was when a lecturer from Rose Bruford College, the performing arts school in Sidcup, came into our class to talk about the lighting design course it offered.

The captivating talk was full of vivid photographs showcasing cutting-edge technologies. For me, in that transformative moment, an unbreakable bond was forged. I intuitively knew that this was the destined path I was meant to follow – the path of a lighting designer.

The prospect of seamlessly blending technical expertise with artistic expression continues to inspire me, propelling me forward on this exhilarating career trajectory as a lighting designer – and I am now a senior lighting designer at Nulty.



Lighting has profoundly shaped my perception and experience of the world, bringing intangible moments to life and making them palpable.

As awareness around sustainability grows, I firmly believe that embracing intentional and sustainable lighting design practices can lead to greater efficiency and responsibility.


One aspect of my ‘journey’ as a lighting designer that brings me immense joy is thecontinuousacquisitionofknowledge.

Each project presents a unique opportunity to explore uncharted territories, delve into unfamiliar subjects, and acquaint myself with new information, standards, and regulations.

Embracing this perpetual learning process is an integral part of my professional growth. I find great satisfaction in educating myself on the ever-evolving landscape of lighting design, as it allows metoexpandmyhorizonsandrefinemy craft.


Having garnered experience in the lighting industry for several years, I have beenfortunateenoughtocontributetoa multitude of remarkable projects.

Among them, three stand out. The first was my involvement in the lighting design of the Virgin Edinburgh Hotel, the inaugural Virgin hotel in Europe. Another, while working at Elektra Lighting, was the Icon of the Sea, which entailed crafting lighting solutions for the world’s largest cruise ship.

Lastly, I must mention the Heythrop Park Hotel in Chipping Norton. This holds a special place in my heart as my debut venture with Nulty.

Each project presented its own set of challenges, thereby providing abundant opportunities for on-the-job learning and growth. They all also reaffirmed my belief in the transformative power of well-executed lighting design.


The world of lighting serves as an unceasing wellspring of inspiration. Although it is easier said than done, the transformative nature of light presents an array of possibilities, allowing spaces and designs to transcend the realm of the ordinary and emerge as extraordinary.

By immersing myself in the dynamic world of lighting, I find myself continuously inspired to explore uncharted territories, push boundaries, and transcend conventional limits.

Theinterplayoflightandspacehasan inherent ability to evoke emotion, alter perception, and create transformative experiences.


I would advise anyone, particularly those like me without an architecture background or a master’s degree, to embark on their journey with determination, unwavering focus, and unyielding ambition.

Remember, what is meant for you will inevitablyfinditswaytoyou.Itiscrucial topersistinthefaceofchallenges,tostay true to your aspirations, and maintain a resolute pursuit of your goals.

Believe in your abilities, cultivate a strongworkethic,andneverlosesightof your passion.

Success may not come easily or immediately but, with persistence, perseverance, and a steadfast commitment to SEPTEMBER 2023 LIGHTING JOURNAL Young and new lighters 57
Heythrop Park in Chipping Norton, which was Shevokie's debut venture with Nulty. Below: Shevokie showing her continuing passion for lighting

Young and new lighters

your craft, you will chart your unique path and realise your true potential.


Time and financial considerations play significant roles in the world of lighting design. It is regrettable that lighting is frequently treated as an afterthought during project acceptance, leading to a situation where we must rush to meet deadlines in order to catch up with other stagesthatarealreadywellunderway.

This can place immense pressure on lighting designers, compromising the quality of their work and limiting their ability to fully explore creative possibilities.

Furthermore, the financial aspect adds another layer of complexity. While everyonedesiresexceptionaldesigns,itiscrucial to consider the costs associated with achievingthesevisions.

Striking a balance between delivering outstanding results and managing budget constraints poses a perpetual challenge in the industry, demanding careful consideration of priorities and efficient resource allocation.


I am incredibly grateful for the immense supportandinvaluableresourcesprovided bytheILP.

It has been instrumental in enhancing my lighting knowledge, staying ahead of the latest trends in the field, and familiarisingmyselfwithnewproducts.

As a budding junior designer, the ILP’s ‘How to be brilliant’ talks held a special place in my professional journey. Not only didtheseeventsofferawealthofknowledge,theyalsoservedasremarkablenetworkingopportunities,enablingmetoconnect with industry professionals and forge meaningful relationships with fellow emergingtalents.

Through these interactions, I not only expanded my professional network but also found kindred spirits on the same path, creating a supportive community withintheindustry.


It is my sincere hope that the future of designembraceslongevity,circularity,and sustainability as paramount considerations.

I aspire to witness a shift where designersprioritisetheseprinciples,ensuring that their creations are built to last,

minimising waste, and preserving resourcesforfuturegenerations.

Looking ahead to the next decade, my vision is to establish myself as a lighting designer of repute, perhaps even to found myowncompany.

My ambition is to create stunning designs that transcend borders, enriching thelandscapesoftheCaribbeanandAfrica withexquisiteillumination.


Embarking on a career in lighting design should be pursued solely if you possess a genuine and unwavering passion for the craft.Itisnotapathdrivenbythepursuitof

financialwealthbutratheronefuelledbya deep-seated love and calling to create impactfullightingdesigns.

Our profession demands a steadfast commitment to the pursuit of artistic excellence, driven by a desire to shape spaces and evoke emotions through the transformativepoweroflight.

Only those who harbour an authentic devotiontotheartformwillfindfulfilment and purpose in this vocation. It requires unwavering dedication, relentless pursuit of knowledge, and an unyielding desire to leave a lasting impact through their luminouscreations.

Shevokie Allen is senior lighting designer at Nulty The Virgin Edinburgh Hotel RELIABILITY IS ABOUT QUALITY USE MEAN WELL LED DRIVERS FOR PEACE OF MIND FIND OUT MORE ABOUT OUR PRODUCTS 0118 982 3745

Lighting and sustainability


Signify, on how the industry can and should be preparing for an ‘avalanche’ of green regulations, including the Ecodesign for Sustainable Products Regulation (ESPR), Right to Repair legislation andaraftofotherrules.

After a frankly terrifyingly hot summer around the globe, the need for lighting to be not just responding to but leading the way over mitigating climate change is moreurgentthanever.

It also makes this month’s Circular Lighting Live event on lighting and sustainabilityevenmoreimportant.

The ILP is a supporter of the conferenceandexhibitorshowcase,whichisbeing held on Thursday 21 September at the RoyalCollegeofPhysiciansinLondon.

TheRecolighteventisbeingcuratedby Ray Molony and will have two streams of activity,onefocusedonlightingspecifiers andtheotherforlightingmanufacturers.

Speakers will include Maurice Maes, head of standards and regulations at

Other speakers will include Marci Song, director of Seam Design, Gary Thornton,associatedirectorwithNulty+, Robert Sant, group recycling director at, and Nigel Harvey, chief executiveofRecolight,againamongothers.


There will be a keynote discussion on how, with imagination and a change in our mindset, the linear take-make-waste modelcanbeconsignedtothepast.

Otherpresentationswilllookatimproving sustainability in public lighting, circularity mapping, sustainability lightingmetricsfordesigners,andhowto design projects with zero waste, among manyothers.

Thechallengesandopportunitiesassociatedwithcircularity,embeddedcarbon, and lifecycle assessments will be further keyconversationsthroughouttheday.

A range of real-life best practice case studies will also be discussed, including Dublin Port Tunnel (highlighted in this

edition on page 34), the Holburne Museum in Bath, and London’s Building CraftsCollege.

Alimitednumberoffreeticketsforthe event are available for specifiers, independent fee-based lighting designers, architects and consulting engineers, and end-users. Tickets otherwise cost £165 plus VAT or £145 plus VAT for those who are a Recolight WEEE scheme producer member.





Were:RoyalCollegeofPhysicians,St AndrewsPlace,LondonNW14LE

How to register:


The only dedicated exhibition for lighting specification, LiGHT23 will be returning this autumn, from 21-22 November.

The event, which debuted last year, will once again be held at the Business Design Centre in Islington.

Last year’s event saw 3,500 visitors – including architects, interior designers, and lighting designers – passing through the doors to see 100+ international lighting brands.

As well as exhibitor showcases, this year’s event will again host two days of high-end presentations and CPD, including [d]arc thoughts and LiGHT Work.

There will be a new dedicated decorative lighting area and the BritishInstituteofInteriorDesign will host a networking day and LiGHT Lunch on 22 November

To find out more and register to attend go to:

Howlightingneedstochange andadapttorespondto acceleratingclimatechangewill betopoftheagendaatthis month’sCircularLightingLive event,whichisbeingsupported bytheILP
Delegates at last year's Circular Lighting Live SEPTEMBER 2023 LIGHTING JOURNAL Examplary running head 61 Contact us today +44 (0)1923 726150 Helia Astral Heritage Templar Off grid solar products that actually work! Your One Stop Solution 100% Solar or Hybrid options available • From start to finish • Free advice • Fully programmable lighting • Fully installed • Fully managed maintenance Clients include • National & Local Developers • Local Authorities • Private Estates • Commerical Landlords






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Specialists inthe preparationof qualityand effectivestreet lighting designsolutions forSection 38,Section 278and other highway projects.We alsoprepare lightingdesigns forother exterior applications.Our focusis ondelivering solutionsthat provide bestvalue.

Neither Lighting Journal nor the ILP is responsible for any services supplied or agreements entered into as a result of this listing

Thisdirectorygivesdetailsofsuitablyqualified,individualmembersoftheInstitutionofLightingProfessionals(ILP)whoofferconsultancyservices LIGHT UP, DRIVE OVER EMINERE™ INGROUND

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Celebrating a Century of British Manufacturing

Win a trip of a lifetime, with CU Phosco

We’re thrilled to celebrate our centennial year by offering you the chance to win an incredible trip for two, complete with flights and accommodation.

To commemorate a century of success in the industry we’ll select one lucky entrant at random to win a trip to Australiathe birthplace of our founder.

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