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EDITION 113 FEBRUARY 2019 Distributed through selected stores Australia Wide FREE BI-MONTHLY

IN THIS ISSUE: * Equine Hoof & Leg Feature - Hoof Abcesses - Ice and Iceboots - Seedy Toe - Joint Supplements - Hoof Supplements - Support Boots - Splints - Windgalls - Osteoarthritis

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The Horse Report

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Equine Hoof and Leg Feature

The Horse Report

Maintaining a horse in good health also means keeping an eye on their legs. For such a large animal, a horse’s leg has to deliver on many different levels but they can be vulnerable to disease and injury.

Focusing on the complex nature of equine limbs The legs of the horse are complex structures made of dozens of bones, joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments that need not only to support the weight of the equine body but also propel it walking, galloping and jumping. With the introduction of numerous sporting disciplines, a horse’s legs can be placed under enormous strain so understanding the mechanics behind the leg can be crucial in ensuring good health and performance. The limbs play a major part in the movement of the horse, with the legs performing the functions of absorbing impact, bearing weight, and providing thrust. In general, the majority of the weight is borne by the front legs, while the rear legs provide propulsion. The hooves are also important structures, providing support, traction and shock absorption, and containing structures which provide blood flow through the lower leg. As the horse developed as a cursorial animal, with a primary defense mechanism of running over hard ground, its legs evolved to the long, sturdy, lightweight, one-toed form seen today. Good conformation in the limbs leads to improved movement and decreased like-

lihood of injuries. Large differences in bone structure and size can be found in horses used for different activities, but correct conformation remains relatively similar across the spectrum. Structural defects, as well as other problems such as injuries and infections, can cause lameness, or movement at an abnormal gait. Injuries to and problems with horse legs can be relatively minor, such as stocking up, which causes swelling without lameness, or quite serious. Even non-fatal leg injuries can be fatal to horses, as their bodies are designed to bear weight on all four legs and serious problems can result if this is not possible. The ideal horse has legs which are straight, correctly set and symmetrical. Correct angles of major bones, clean, well-developed joints and tendons, and well-shaped, properly-proportioned hooves are also necessary for ideal conformation. "No legs, no horse"and "no hoof, no horse" are common sayings in the equine world. This edition of The Horse Report will feature looking after equine legs and hopefully provide some valuable information.

Making easy work of farm maintenance By JOHN MAXWELL In this article, the focus is on common hoof and leg problems and what can be done to prevent injury and prolong your equine friends soundness. Keeping padocks clear of sticks, debris and foreign objects, ensuring grass riding areas and arenas are aerated and any sand arena is dragged and levelled to protect the base will be of great benefit to your horse’s well-being. If you own a small acre farm with horses, I bet you have a dirt road somewhere, manure in the paddocks or a paddock that you keep promising to aerate - maybe a bush block that you have thought about getting a fire break around? Well, here is one tool that will do all that……just after you have raked your arena. The Rascal Pro or as it's also known - Gravel Rascal, combines scarifying teeth, a landscaping rake, soil pulveriser and a rear grading blade into one patented attachment. Rascal is a complete one-tool-does-it-all solution for ground preparation work on your property. With the Gravel Rascal's teeth for tough work and commercial-quality construction, you can grade driveways and parking lots, repair rutted tracks, prep for seeding lawns and pastures, groom horse arenas and much more. The Rascal Pro must be best tool in its space, how I know this is that its is the most imitated tool on the market. Just about all other brands have at one time or another imitated the Rascal or parts of. Interestingly ABI Attachments are the inventor of the Profile Blade (imitation names are Pro Blade or Arena Blade) which revolutionised the arena rake market in the US about 8-9 years ago by levelling the base and protecting it as well as being able to aerate the surface in one pass. The Rascal is "built to outlast the cockroaches" as one NZ Rascal owner put it. It is an earth moving tool after all so corner cutting with aluminium or light steel is simply destined to fail. Once you see the Rascal Pro you will be astounded at the quality and durability of the design. The guys at ABI have also added an automation option, so you can control from the ATV or Quad on the go. No more finger crunching jockey winders. They also have a Rail Blade option that fits to the side to pull the sand off the walls of the arena and throw it back into work - or the gravel wash on the road sides. No other ATV or Quad tool makes quicker work of driveways, potholes, washouts, arena raking or paddock harrowing around your property! As Roz and Heath Ryan have said - "We work a lot of horses and use every hour in the day. We need equipment that will stand up to our demands and work every time. We don't have time for breakdowns, spare parts or average work. That's why we use ABI Attachments. Everyone will understand the term "value for money" when you use ABI equipment." Visit the ABI line at www.abiattachments.com.au or call the guys on 1800 609 669 for more information.

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Equine Hoof and Leg Feature

The Horse Report

The hoof abscess - types causes and treatments By David Farmilo (Accredited Master Farrier)

www.horsefarrier.com.au

Many horse owners and riders are unable to recognise the symptoms that indicate the beginnings of an abscess. If detected early, most abscesses can be treated in a simple fashion. There are four types of abscesses that can occur in the hoof and long before they become visible, you will have noticed a change in your horse's attitude or a slight change in the regular gait, or unevenness; often they will rest one leg and point the hoof. You must be aware enough to notice these changes - it is your duty of care. If you suspect an abscess, look for a digital pulse in the suspect leg (this is an early indication of trauma within the hoof). Note the pulse then compare it with the opposite leg. If the pulse appears to be accelerated or stronger you can be fairly sure there is an abscess forming somewhere in that hoof. At this point the decision needs to be made whether you are capable of carrying out further treatment or if you should call an experienced farrier or the vet.

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Sole abscess As with any treatment of hoof abscesses, prescribed antibiotics should be given. Hoof testers should be used to gently pressure test around the outer edge of the hoof wall beginning at one heel and moving at intervals to the other heel to see exactly where it is sensitive. The four types of hoof abscesses are Toe, Sole, Bar and Heel which each have a cause, an effect and a treatment. TOE ABSCESS - The cause The toe abscess will be found at the junction of the sole and the hoof wall between the white line and the sensitive laminae. It usually starts from the hoof wall being too long, causing it to flare

Toe abscess out and separate from the laminae. Often the hoof wall cracks vertically, allowing dirt and grit to build up inside against the sensitive tissue which when aggravated becomes inflamed then infected. The effects The horse will stand with the leg pointed forward to relieve the pressure at the toe, and will show a head bobbing action at the trot. The treatment The separated or cracked area must be thoroughly cleaned out to remove all dirt and grit. The flares at the toe must also be reduced back to an even hoof wall thickness at this time to prevent stress. If the abscess is not yet visible, a

poultice should be applied to the complete sole, to try drawing out the intrusion; this may need to be repeated until lameness is eased. Some toe abscesses will travel up through the hoof wall and blow out at the coronary band - these need to be poulticed in that area. The long term effects of these top releasing abscesses will be seen about two months later, when a small horizontal crack appear in the hoof wall directly above where the original abscess was, and just below the coronet. It will grow down as the hoof grows, and will need to be opened up to prevent it from holding dirt and causing another abscess. There will be a capillary track from this horizontal crack down to the tip of the hoof which must be opened and cleaned, and if necessary refilled with synthetic material (used as directed) SOLE ABSCESS - The cause The cause is either from bruising to the sole (which is common to wide flat footed horses) and usually results from the sole not being concave enough to allow free movement downwards when the hoof is under load), or from a stone bruise which may also puncture the sole; these usually occur in the front half of the sole. Â continued page 6

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Equine Hoof and Leg Feature

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Equine Hoof and Leg Feature

The Horse Report

Treatments for Hoof abscesses can vary  from page 4 The effect Accelerated digital pulse, pointing the toe, hoof feels warm to touch, often swelling in the lower leg and obvious lameness. The treatment For a blind sole bruise/abscess there is sub-surface bleeding and this can be treated first with an ice boot or similar until any heat or swelling has subsided, then protected with an under-pad fitted between the shoe and hoof and left in place for a week or two as protection for the affected area. It is not advisable to try to drain this type of abscess; it increases the risk of infection. As soon as the bruise has subsided, any excess thick or crusty sole should be pared away to achieve a concave profile which will help in the rehabilitation of the hoof. In the event that the sole has been punctured by a stone, there will already be bleeding from that point so it needs to be cleaned and disinfected and a poultice applied to draw out any dirt etc. The punctured area needs to be protected with a pad or boot for a few weeks to allow the sole to heal over, and the horse must be given antibiotics. HEEL ABSCESS - The cause These occur in the corn area at the

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junction where the bars meet the heel buttresses. The cause is from excess pressure from the bar under the heel of the shoe, or from high impact to the heels as a result of the heels of the hoof capsule being too high; this starts off as bruising and progresses to inflammation and becomes abscessed. The effects Acute lameness, strong digital pulse, horse will rest the leg toe first with the heel off the ground. There will be visible swelling in the lower leg and hoof feels warmer to touch. The treatment Trim the bars down to sole level and lower the heels to expose the bruised area. Apply a poultice and repeat until soreness has eased, trim the hoof to achieve a straight line from the front of the pastern down to the tip of the hoof and remove all flares in the hoof from toe to heel. Sometimes a heart bar shoe is necessary for the hoof return to normal by easing pressure to heels during rehabilitation. BAR ABSCESS - The cause Occurs about half way back along the bar where a crack develops when the bars have not been maintained to a short strong profile. The effects

When the bar cracks there is almost always an infection, extreme lameness, swelling, and pulse, and then progresses to an under run sole abscess. The treatment Carefully clean the affected area of all dirt and excess flaky sole, disinfect and apply a poultice for about three days, repeating the cleaning process each time. When the soreness decreases, a straight bar shoe and under pad can be fitted as protection. About six weeks after the initial infection from a cracked bar, if there has been an under run infection, the sole will feel hollow in that area and occasionally at least half of the sole will be affected. Care should be taken not to pare away this separated sole too soon as nature is using it as a buffer until the new sub-sole is strong enough to protect the pedal bone. Conclusion Hoof abscesses are unnecessary and prevention is far better than cure. Avoid allowing flares to develop in the hoof wall - this will eliminate cracks and laminae separation which invite the abscess. Balance the hoof to the correct pastern angle to eliminate heel damage, trim the sole to its natural concavity and trim the bars to be strong. This will solve most potential hoof related problems.

Ice/ice boots Ice Boots or standing your horse in a bucket of ice-water is a great way to reduce pain, heat, and inflammation and possibly even prevent an abscess forming or the onset of a bout of laminitis. Also great for cooling legs after exercise and sweating under leg protection. Heat in tendons, ligaments, and joints can cause cellular damage, which can create tendon damage, ligament damage and even arthritis in the joints. As soon as you suspect your horse has a problem, don't wait until you can feel a pulse, get the ice on their feet and legs, this way the damage is bought to a halt or at least will be minimised. Current research shows hoof wall temperature needs to be below 10 degrees to halt the progress of laminitis.

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Equine Hoof and Leg Feature

The Horse Report

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Equine Hoof and Leg Feature

The Horse Report

Treating inflamation naturally Treating inflamed joints and artthritic problems can be a common problem for horse owners but there is a natural solution on offer. Technyflex has developed a range of products derived from premium grade Green Lipped Mussels (GLM) which have been created exclusively for the nutraceutical market. Technyflex® Equine is a natural product for horses that may relieve sore and inflamed joints and arthritic symptoms and is a natural alternative to many other products on the market. May help reduce the symptoms of: •Arthritis •Musculo Skeletal Conditions (hock, fetlock, back, knee, neck) •Low Grade Chronic Lameness •Bowed Tendons •Navicular •Tendonitis •Queensland Itch/Summer Itch Technyflex® Equine is widely used throughout the equestrian and horse racing industry for joint repair and maintenance and works well for horses exposed to hot/humid or cold conditions all year round. Administering prior to onset of these conditions is also recommended for increased mobility and as prevention for ageing joints. One distributor of Technyflex products is Pegasus Saddlery on North Shore Drive, Burpengary. Owned by Christine and Murray Jackson, Pegasus Saddlery has been operating for 22 years and offers a broad range of horse and riding equipment, together with a vast array of rugs for all seasons. It also carries a diverse selection of animal health products and medications. "We've been carrying Technyflex since it first came on to the market about 20 years ago,” Christine said. The Jacksons' saddlery has always remained an independent enterprise refusing to join a franchise. "We personally select what we stock which we feel is the best

Technyflex sponsored rider Brianna Lutwyche and her much Photo: Oz Shots loved mount Scarlett. NSW.and her horse Lyngara way," she said. Fontana a.k.a. 'Scarlett', her 18From the beginning Pegasus has year-old Andalusian/Holsteiner been a family affair and, mare. inevitably, the store's clientele She began riding when she was has changed over the years. four and competed at her first "Now the children of our origishowjumping comp six years nal customers are coming to the later. shop and they own miniatures, "I've always admired the eventClydesdales and everything in ing scene and I currently combetween,” Christine said. pete Fernances Creek Navigator, “They sometimes bring them my 11-year-old Haflinger, in along, too, but they have to EvA80 eventing and novice stand out the front." dressage,” Brianna said. The couple don't have horses of “My goal with him is to further their own as they work from his career and ability in dressage Monday to Saturday. plus continue eventing at state "When I need a horse 'fix' we level as he has a love for jumpvisit our son in Cooyar a couple ing. He's not a typical perforof hours away. He's a farmer mance horse and is only and mechanic who has both cattle and horses," she said. 13.13/4hh but he's in his element Christine also mends customers' when he's out competing and torn rugs 'as long as they're absolutely loves all the attention. washed first!' "I'm competing 'Scarlett' at "We're not just here to sell EvA95 Eventing and working things, we're here to help peotowards Pre-Novice in this field. ple," Christine said. She's a true showjumper and Pegasus Saddlery is located at we're currently competing up to 3/20 North Shore Drive, 1.10m. My goal with her is to Burpengary, Call 07 3888 2800 or continue our showjumping and email pegasussaddlery@bigeventing careers at state level. pond.com "I'm aiming to compete at interA NEW SPONSORED RIDER national level in showjumping Aside from producing quality and eventing and one day hope horse health products, to represent Australia. Technyflex is also sponsoring "My horses and I thank you for riders such as 19-year-old the sponsorship, it is very much Brianna Lutwyche from Eltham appreciated."

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Equine Hoof and Leg Feature

The Horse Report

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Seedy Toe - causes and treatments By DAVID LOVELL BSVS

"Seedy Toe" cracks and separation of the hoof

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mouth within the industry, on which opinions are formed? The reality is that most of the common consensus opinions are in fact very well credentialed, based not necessarily on scientific facts, but on the real world experiences and outcomes of man's use of the horse as a working animal over centuries. As a general rule, horses that break down or become unsound for purpose, have some seemingly obvious "conformational" defects that results in abnormal loads and damage to structures, (consider "cow hocks" and spavin, "Toe - Out/in" and ringbone, "offset knees" and splints, as examples). When it comes to hooves, and wall cracks/separations, the conformational faults can sometimes be more subtle, but once examined, assessed, and understood, they become quite obvious and relatively easy to address. The greatest breakthrough in objectively understanding the effects of different hoof wall shapes and form has been the venogram, the results of which, particularly with the hoof under load, give a crystal clear picture of the effects of load, by the distribution and "health" of the blood supply. Simplistically, there are three major forces applied to the hoof during stance, and as the horse moves, or stands passively in his stall. These are the mass and weight of the animal being transmitted down the bony column, the immoveable and enormous ground reaction force, (concussion), which directly opposes the mass load, and the poorly understood biomechanical pull - m of the deep flexor tendon as it

strong blood supply has little trouble maintaining integrity and staying intact. Conformation is an interesting term, bandied about by everyone involved in the industry, but I am not certain all properly understand what it means. As it stands, there are very little scientific facts applied to one's concept of conformation. In the main, is a subjective opinion, usually disseminated by word of

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Last issue I discussed the causes of the very common hoof problem known as "Seedy Toe" which basically is a separation of the "dead" horny, (H) layer of the hoof wall from the "living" lamellar, or critically important, "vascular" layer of the hoof capsule. The term vascular is the key, because this means blood supply and it is the success of the delivery of highly oxygenated fresh blood to the lamellar layer of the hoof capsule that determines the health and viability of the hoof wall. This is a very simple concept and if the efficiency of blood supply to the hoof is the underpinning philosophy of how we approach correction of defects, then we are well on the way to being able to correct pathology such as wall separation and wall cracks. The other critical concept, as discussed at length last month, are the biomechanical forces and loads that the hoof has to accommodate. It is logical that if the hoof is well conformed, i.e. the engineering design of the hoof, and then healthy hoof with a

attempts to rotate the pedal bone to allow break-over and start of the swing phase of motion. Studies of these opposing forces form the underlying principles of podiatry and are a subject of their own, but once the principles are understood, designing a shoe becomes relatively easy. No attempt to correct hoof wall defects is likely to have lasting success unless some corrective biomechanical principles are utilised to change the way the hoof is being loaded. There are many possible permutations and combinations of corrective shoeing that can be applied successfully, the bottom line being that the vet/farrier have formulated a plan and are working towards it. Once this is understood, correction becomes much easier, but the other essential part of the equation is to debride and remove all damaged and separated hoof wall. Remember that the new hoof wall, (as opposed to the sole which is different), grows and originates from the coronet down and so the healthiest wall is at the top of the hoof as it is younger. Maintaining integrity and structure depends on the interdigitalising laminae holding the horny to the underlying laminae. Once they have been separated, as in seedy toe and toe cracks, there is a gap between them. It is worthwhile to liken what has happened to a fork in the road. Once the vehicle arrives at the fork, it either goes left or right and will stay on that route forever. Exactly the same applies to the hoof wall and laminar separation. Therefore, when correcting such defects, it is critical to remove all the "forked" material back to intact conjoined laminae on the main highway. This is the key to correction and once this is achieved, every subsequent examination, assessment, and trim has to be aligned to maintaining this interface. The other important principle in trimming is a little difficult to describe, but it is important to reduce the loads wherever possible on the healthy interface. If we consider seedy toe, once we have removed the entire separated wall, we will have an "upside down U" shaped defect in the wall. Remembering that the horny wall can be well over half a centimetre deep, there could be a very steep "cliff face" at the junction of the "U".  continued page 11

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Equine Hoof and Leg Feature

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The Horse Report


Equine Hoof and Leg Feature

The Horse Report

Address the defect to enable healing  From page 10 If this mass of wall is left step, then it has enormous leverage on the intact junction and so predisposes it to separation. It is very important to "bevel" the cliff face upwards and outwards from the depth of the defect to the normal wall. This step will greatly enhance the ability to maintain a healthy horny/lamellar interface and grow the defect out. The other important tool that we will use in severe cases is to shoe the horse with a very high heeled shoe - "Patten" shoe. This has the effect of removing the pull of the deep flexor tendon which takes away the effect of one of the big three major forces and greatly enhances the ability of the healthy interface to be maintained. Paying attention to these elements of correction of wall defects will almost always result in success. It is very satisfying to be presented with a serious defect that different operators have been frustrated in their efforts to correct, and see an almost instant improvement. There are no magic "drugs or supplements" that will correct significant problems if these elements are not addressed. Similarly, I rarely use staples or patches to attempt to hold separated wall together as they rarely work. (These may be useful in a relatively simple problem and we need to push on with competition). It is more logical to me to go back to the basic mechanical principles and correct these from the outset. One of the really difficult defects to correct is the wall crack that results from a significant

Most hoof problems can be successfully managed through regular hoof care trimming and shoeing. coronary band scar of injury. These are usually permanent and in these cases, they cannot be "fixed", but take heart, the very great majority can be successfully managed through repetitive shoeing and the horse can continue to perform. The problem with all this "podiatry" is that it is expensive, and owners have to be prepared to pay up and persevere if they want success, but, if taken in context of the overall costs of owning a horse, it can be a very worthwhile investment to maintain the value of the animal.

Applying a poultice and bandaging the hoof Supplies: •Epson Salts, Poultice clay or Poultice pad (Animalintex®) •Small sized diaper or cotton wool •Self-adhesive elastic bandages (3-4 inch, Vetrap™) •Elastic adhesive tape , silver or black fibre tape the best to use •Bandage scissors Bandaging Steps: 1. Prepare a duct tape square. Make a square by overlapping the strips of tape about half way to give some strength to the square. Set the square aside in a safe spot, sticky side up. 2. Prepare and clean the foot. 3. Apply poultice following the instructions on the packaging. 4. Use a small sized diaper or cotton wool pad to provide padding, and keep to hoof clean and protect the coronary band from pressure from the next layers of bandage material. 5. Using self-adhesive elastic bandages, like Vetrap™, bandage over the cotton wool pad, securing it in place. 7. Take the duct tape square and place the centre of it over the sole of the foot, Using the roll of duct tape, wrap the foot, paying extra attention to the toe (especially if the horse has shoes on) as this area will be the first to wear through when your horse walks.

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Page 11


Equine Hoof and Leg Feature

The Horse Report

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•Another powerful Rose-Hip Vital® product – Rose-Hip Vital® Equine contains the same patented Rosehip fruit powder found in Rose-Hip Vital® Canine and Rose-Hip Vital® with GOPO® for humans. What is Rose-Hip Vital® Equine used for? •Joint pain and Joint stiffness •Preventative for joint problems •Osteoarthritis/Degenerative Joint Disease •Chronic low grade lameness •Cartilage protection •Immune system support/general health and well-being •Qld Itch, laminitis, navicular and ringbone •Coat quality, skin conditions and allergies •Recovery after surgery, injury or exercise. •Appetite stimulant

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The Horse Report

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Page 13


Equine Hoof and Leg Feature

The Horse Report

Equine splints - The causes and cures By DAVID LOVELL BSVS Redlands Veterinary Clinic Your two and a half-year-old horse has been in training for a few months but even though you're taking it slowly and steadily and not pushing too hard, he sometimes comes up lame during or after a workout. The lameness isn't always present and rarely occurs at a walk, but it does show up when he trots and canters. During the vet exam, your horse flinched when his leg was touched. Your veterinarian suggested radiographs, suspecting the splint area is the problem. ‘Splints’ occur primarily in growing horses involved in heavy training. Splint bones are located on each side of the cannon bone. Between the splint bones and the cannon bone is the interosseous ligament, which is made of a dense connective tissue that ossifies into bone as the horse grows into adulthood. Splints are caused by injury or tearing of the interosseous ligament, usually because of a conformational predisposition, or by direct trauma to the periosteum of the splint bones or adjacent bones. (The periosteum is the soft tissue covering bone.) Splints are initially soft tissue swellings which progress to bony swellings. Splints can originate from tearing of the interosseous ligament, external trauma to the bone, or secondary to healing of a fracture. Splints commonly occur in two to three-year-old horses, occasionally in horses four years of age and older and are usually associated with training and subsequent injury. Splints usually occur in the inside forelimb splint, about three inches (75mm) below the knee, although they can occur in the outside splint of the front or rear legs. Four Types of Splints: (1) True Splint - is a fibrous and bony enlargement at the interosseous space secondary to tearing of the interosseous ligament (2) Blind Splint - The inflammation this causes results in a fibrous and bony enlargement between the splint bone and the suspensory ligament. Usually there are no visible external signs. (3) Periosteal Splint - This

There are four different types of equine splints.

inflammation and bony reaction is secondary to trauma or a knock to the soft tissue covering the bone. Can be on the cannon bone or splint and there may be a fracture (4) Knee Splint - This splint is almost always conformational and results in inflammation and swelling in the uppermost part of the inside splint bone and involves the knee The primary contributor to splints is training. Two-year-old horses in heavy training have an increased frequency of splints. Other potential causes include conformational abnormalities such as offset knees, base narrow (feet close together), toe-out conformation; improper hoof balance; mineral imbalances; and over-nutrition. Conformation and improper hoof balance can also lead to interference and superficial trauma and periostitis. Working on hard ground can increase the risk of splints. Racing horses may develop fractures to the distal splint bone due to tension from the suspensory ligaments. Reining and cutting horses can be at greater risk, due to their quick movements and direction changes increasing the potential for inadvertent gait interference between limbs. Signs and Diagnosis Heat, pain, and swelling along a splint bone in a two to four-year-

old horse suggests a splint. The swelling may be painful to palpation initially, but as the inflammation subsides, the swelling becomes firm and nonpainful. Lameness is usually mild and most evident at the trot. Exercise on hard ground will accentuate the lameness. In mild cases no lameness may be evident at the walk. Lameness might come and go or be continuous Radiographs are recommended to confirm the diagnosis, to rule out a splint bone fracture, and to document the size and amount of bony proliferation of the swelling. This establishes a baseline for monitoring for further bony reaction, predicts the degree of permanent cosmetic blemish (bony swelling), and helps determine the healing and prognosis for when to return to work. Occasionally, local infiltration of the area with local anaesthetic may be needed to confirm the origin of lameness, particularly with a blind splint. Treatment There are various means of addressing splints, but rest is mandatory and is the most appropriate therapy. Veterinarians and horse owners might also utilize additional treatments adjunctive to rest. The goal of conservative therapy is to eliminate the swelling or

minimize its size, although often a small cosmetic blemish (bony swelling) remains. Conservative management, includes rest until the splint is no longer painful to palpation (usually six weeks, but it can range from two weeks to three months); topical cold therapy with icing in the early stages and then support bandaging to reduce swelling. Oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, (phenylbutazone), to reduce inflammation; and topical anti-inflammatory drugs such as DMSO or cortisone or local injections of corticosteroids may decrease inflammation and reduce the size of bony swelling. Anti-inflammatory agents are primarily indicated for the acute phase, whereas intralesional injections of steroids may be used in the subacute case to further decrease inflammation and reduce swelling. Surgery is often requested. Certainly in cases of fracture it is often very useful but surgery just to remove a bony lump often results in a return of an even bigger lump so cases need to be selected very carefully Shock wave therapy is one newer treatment that can give spectacular results once the acute phase has settled down. Cases need to be carefully selected, and it is expensive, but results can make it well worth while Counter-irritation (pin firing, cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen, and blistering, for example) used to be a common practice but knowledge now suggests that this type of approach rarely gives any results. The idea with counter-irritation is supposedly to change a chronic condition into an acute condition, thus increasing blood flow to the area and improving healing. Shock wave treatment is a far better alternative. Patience with splints is a major factor. The bony callus that forms is nature's way of healing the damage and stabilising the splint. Once that happens, the splint is very unlikely to be a problem in the future. The lump and blemish are the major issues, and if proper rest is given to minimise the damage, natural wound contraction over time will result in disappearance of most of the fibrous swelling that is present and the splint will be far less obvious.

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Equine Hoof and Leg Feature

The Horse Report

Osteoarthritis and its effect on horses By DAVID LOVELL BVSc Redlands Veterinary Clinic

Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease, is a painful, progressive condition with no known cure. The term arthritis refers to an inflammation of the joint. There are different kinds of arthritis, such as septic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. However, the most important arthritis affecting horses is osteoarthritis (OA), which is characterized by the erosion of articular cartilage—the layer of specialized tissue that lines the ends of the bones inside the joint. Osteoarthritis is a major cause of lameness in athletic horses. Recent estimates indicate that 60% of equine lameness problems are OA-related. Osteoarthritis, historically referred to as degenerative joint disease (DJD), is a painful, progressive condition with no known cure. Clinical signs of OA include heat, swelling (i.e., joint effusion or a “filled” joint), pain and a reduce range of motion in the affected joint(s). Articular cartilage is a highly specialized body tissue composed of cells (chondrocytes) embedded within an “extracellular matrix” that contains collagen, proteoglycans, and water. Articular cartilage lines the ends of the bones within the joint and permits smooth, frictionless movement. In addition, articular cartilage is shock absorbing and allows for the transfer of body weight loads during movement. In normal joints the articular cartilage‘s extracellular matrix is continuously “turned over” or remodelled to maintain a healthy, optimally functioning tissue. This means existing extracellular matrix components are degraded and replaced by new molecules synthesized by the chondrocytes. In arthritic joints the balance between the degradation and synthesis of the extracellular matrix is disrupted favouring the destruction of the tissue. This destruction is mediated by various pro-inflammatory molecules such as cytokines, nitric oxide, free radicals, and prostaglandins and enzymes called matrix metalloproteinase’s. The end result is a physical

Osteoarthritis is a major cause of lameness in athletic horses and is referred to as a degenerative disease. degeneration of the cartilage that usually occurs in conjunction with changes in the underlying bone (i.e., formation of enthesiophytes and osteophytes) and associated soft tissue structures, primarily the synovial membrane and joint capsule. Osteoarthritis can develop in normal joints without any apparent cause. This form of osteoarthritis is referred to as primary OA. Alternatively, OA can develop secondary to trauma. Undoubtedly the most common cause of OA is low grade repetitive trauma as occurs from loading of the joints during normal locomotion. Obviously horses with poor conformation, inappropriate shoeing, or horses with other musculoskeletal abnormality such as an untreated osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions will be major contributing factors that can increase the load. Ringbone (involving the first or second phalanx) and bone spavin (in the hock joints, such as the distal intertarsal or tarsometatarsal joints) are both unique examples of OA in the horse that occur in high-loadlow-motion joints. Knee chips and fetlock disease in race horses are common examples of OA occurring in so

called fast motion joints. Navicular disease is a particular problem in horses in which OA can be a major component. As well as the significant cartilage damage referred to above, it is becoming more and more obvious that additional serious damage to the subchondral bone further exacerbates the seriousness of OA A full physical examination to rule out there potential causes for the observed lameness (e.g., neurological diseases), a complete lameness examination, the use of nerve and/or joint blocks to assist in localizing the source of the lameness, and a synovial fluid analysis are all important first steps in diagnosing OA. Radiography (X rays) remains the primary means of imaging joints to diagnose osteoarthritis (or other bony abnormalities); however, advances in diagnostic imaging have and continue to occur. Ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, nuclear scintigraphy (a bone scan), and diagnostic arthroscopy can also be employed to assist in diagnosis. Classic signs indicative of OA observed on radiographs include effusion, the formation of osteophytes or enthesiophytes (which are bony changes evident at the

margins of the joint that result from remodelling of the joint during the development of OA), sclerosis (increased density), or lysis of the subchondral bone. Joint space narrowing might also be evident. One of the major problems in diagnosing osteoarthritis is there often is a disparity between the observed clinical signs and the degree of changes in the bone and/or soft tissues of the affected joint(s) that are noted on radiographs. Despite aggressive research efforts, there is no cure for osteoarthritis. Instead, the goal for managing OA is to slow the progression of the disease once clinical signs of disease have become evident. At present, a multi-modal approach to managing OA is recommended. Using a combination of therapies instead of relying on only one or two techniques is thought to maximize relief of pain and quality of life. A detailed discussion of treatment options will be the focus of a future article The prognosis for horses diagnosed with OA is highly variable and depends on a number of factors such as the number and location of affected joints, the underlying cause, the rate of disease progression, horse’s age, and response to therapy. In many cases, OA is career-limiting in athletic horses (even young and otherwise healthy horses). In horses that are severely affected, OA is a lifethreatening condition. Osteoarthritis can develop as a primary cause or secondary to other underlying conditions as described above. Since there is no cure for OA, the main goal is to prevent or slow the progression of OA. Limiting repetitive trauma to the joints, addressing underlying joint abnormalities (e.g., removing OCD lesions or articular chip fractures, improving conformation, and having the feet trimmed appropriately) are all important in minimizing the development of osteoarthritis. Some owners and trainers routinely administer oral joint health supplements, or use polysulfated glycosaminoglycans or hyaluronic acid in young, healthy horses, to decrease the chances of developing OA; however, there is no or only a limited amount of evidence that this is effective.

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Page 15


Greasy Heel a persistent leg problem By DAVID LOVELL BVSc Redlands Veterinary Clinic Greasy Heel, and Mud Fever, are in fact, different presentations of the same disease. All are directly related to persistent wet conditions and can be difficult to prevent. The problems occur when the skin remains wet for prolonged periods. The organism that causes the above conditions is known as Dermatophilus. This is a type of bacteria that requires a particular environment to grow and survive. Primarily the requirement is protection from the oxygen and light in the environment. The bug needs to be able to hide somewhere and if the conditions are right, the germ establishes itself, forms colonies, and invades local tissues, in this case, the skin, and causes disease. Greasy Heel affects the lower limbs, most commonly the back of the pastern, and Mud Fever the front of the cannon bones. The pasterns, in particular the heels, often have longer hair and a number of grooves and contours that hold water. The front of the cannons obviously shed water easily but the skin is relatively thin and taut in this area. The major culprit that then contributes to development of disease is mud. The mud stuck to the wet skin provides a five star environment for the Dermatophilus organism to invade. The organism is ubiquitous, that means it is a normal environmental organism that lives everywhere. It is not contagious as such, it simply is everywhere and is on the lookout for somewhere to colonise. The bacteria invade the moist irritated

Greasy Heel skin and provoke an even greater inflammatory reaction this causes serum to exude and enables the formation of a scab which now replaces the mud as a cover for the organism. The skin infection can spread very quickly and the typical presentations occur Theoretically, treatment is simple. Expose the organism to virtually any antibiotic or antiseptic agent and it is quickly killed. It is not resistant to drugs. The difficulty is getting the drugs to contact the organism. Obviously if the bug is hiding under the cover of mud or scab, and the drugs are applied to the surface, they do not come in contact. The key to treatment is to get rid of the cover. All mud should be washed off the horse’s legs and most importantly, the skin dried with a towel and hair should be clipped or removed.

Removal of the scabs is critical, may be difficult and may require sedation as they can be quite painful, as infection is already present. . Bandaging the area with a lanolin- based ointment to soften the scab to aid removal can be very helpful. Once the scab is removed, the organism can be easily killed. Sometimes there is acute inflammation and irritation to the skin and a topical corticosteroid ointment can help. Greasy Heel often poses another problem. The Dermatophilus organism can cause an allergic type reaction in some horses. The correct term is an immune mediated disease. In this situation the body mounts an antibody reaction to the presence of the germ which causes a vasculitis. This means inflammation of the capillaries and blood vessels. The vessels break down and serum leaks into the tissues and the lower legs swell and makes the skin extra sensitive to ultra violet light. Once the reaction has been set up, it will persist even after the organism has long been killed because of the continual reaction to light and the vasculitis in the blood vessels. These horses often require a course of systemic cortisone to control the intense inflammatory reaction occurring in the tissues. Prevention is obviously the best way to control rain related diseases and hopefully an understanding of the reasons and factors that allow the disease to occur can play a major part. Once the problem is established, our approach at Redlands is to control the inflammation, remove hair, scab, and mud with a surgical type shampoo that is either iodine or chlorhexidine based and apply medications.

Thrush Full Service Equine Clinic It’s all about your horse

is a very common bacterial infection that occurs in the hoof, specifically in the region around the frog. The bacterium involved is Fusobacterium necrophorum, and occurs naturally in the environment in wet, muddy, or unsanitary conditions, such as an unclean stall - and grows best with low oxygen.

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The most obvious sign of thrush is usually the odor that occurs when picking out the feet. Additionally, the infected areas of the hoof will be black in color and will easily break or crumble when scraped with a hoof pick. Most horses do not become lame if infected with thrush. However, if left untreated, the bacteria may migrate deeper into the sensitive parts of the hoof and result in lameness.

Experience IS the Difference Dr DAVID LOVELL Equine Veterinarian for over 40 years You have to know what is wrong with your horse!

At REDLANDS we guarantee you a DIAGNOSIS

Treatment and prevention

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Treatment for horses with thrush includes twice-daily picking of the feet and cleaning out the two collateral grooves and the central sulcus, scrubbing clean using a detergent or disinfectant and warm water, and coated with a commercial thrush-treatment product or iodine For best results kept hooves dry and in a clean environment.

Email: info@redlandsvetclinic.com.au www.redlandsvetclinic.com.au

Full Service Equine Clinic all about your horse “It’s all It’s About Your Horse”

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our horse

Equine Hoof and Leg Feature

The Horse Report


Equine Hoof and Leg Feature

The Horse Report

Windgalls can be very common ailments By DAVID LOVELL BVSc Redlands Veterinary Clinic

Windgalls are very common ailments that horses sustain. When owner's first see a swelling on their horse's lower leg, the initial reaction might be to panic - "Oh my god" - what is it, will it take ages to mend, will it cost me a fortune or potentially affect his future? Don't panic. Fortunately the very vast majority of windgalls are of little consequence, other than a cosmetic blemish and will have little effect on the performance of the horse. What are they? A windgall, (technically correct name being tendosynovitis), is swelling of the digital tendon sheath - a sterile fluid-filled sleeve covering the flexor tendons over the back of the fetlock joint. The flexor tendons themselves are extremely critical and sensitive structures and injury to them is serious. A tendon is a structure that starts as a muscle mass which has the ability to contract and transmit forces that move the object to which it is attached. Obviously the horse has very long skinny legs with large muscle masses higher up on the body. The flexor tendon serves as a "rope" to connect the muscle mass to the bones of the lower leg. When the muscle contracts, the tendon moves upward and "flexes" the joints of the lower limb. The sheath is a sleeve that surrounds the tendon and enables the tendon to slide up and down. The sheath has a relatively tough outer case, and a "synovial" lining which has cells that secrete fluid which serves as a lubricant. The superficial and deep flexor tendons originate as muscles above the knee and the hock, become tendons at the level of these joints and passage down the back of the leg to attach to the pastern and pedal bones. Obviously at the level of the fetlock, they have to "go round a corner" to continue their progression. Most significantly, everyone has seen videos of horses in motion and can appreciate the tremendous range of motion the fetlock goes through, and in particular how low the back of the fetlock sinks at impact and weight bearing. Obviously this is going to put enormous tension and stress on the tendon structures. Nature has adapted to help protect the tendons by evolving a much thicker and stronger annular ligament structure around the back of the fetlock to help hold the tendons in place and support them as they are stretched. For the same reasons, the synovial sheath is also more thickened and reactive compared to sheaths in other areas of the horse. A very important feature to understand is that the synovial sheath is dynamic and very active. The fluid secreted, is not just a "pool" of stagnant liquid. It is continually being turned over by secretion and absorption, and when all is in balance, the rate of secretion equals the rate of absorption and the normal appearance of the lower limb prevails.

A windgall, (technically known as tendosynovitis), is swelling of the digital tendon sheath. If however the rate of secretion increases and exceeds the absorption, extra and excess fluid accumulates and the sheath starts to swell. The rate of secretion increases whenever there is any inflammation in any of the integrated structures. When one appreciates the absolutely enormous forces and stresses applied to the back of the fetlock region by a 500kg animal travelling at often quite high speeds, it does not take much to cause damage or inflammation. Most often, the damage is relatively minor and is associated with vagaries in such thinks as the conformation and balance of the bones and joints, in particular hoof imbalances, and irregular surfaces that the horse invariably has to travel over. Often these deviations are relatively minor but over time, create "wear and tear" to the soft tissue structures, in particular the tendon sheath, and there is a progressive gradual increase in fluid production and an insidious increase in the size of the pouch, eventually resulting in noticeable "windgalls". They are the result of the way the horse moves and individuals are all different. Some horses are prone, others resistant, to the development of the most common windgall because of their biomechanics of movement. Almost all of these horses are not lame and the blemish is purely cosmetic. There are some more problematic situations that can occur. Damage to either of the tendons in any form will dramatically increase the inflammation resulting in very high volumes of fluid production. The tendon injury may cause lameness, as may the turgidity of the high pressure of the massive secretion in the tight sheath which in itself will cause lameness. A very common development is stretching

and tearing of the previously mentioned annular ligament that traverses horizontally across the back of the fetlock. These can be very painful. The synovial sheath and the annular ligament are part and parcel of the same structure and so a lot of fluid is produced, and often the ligament swells and increases in sized, sometimes "pinching" the tendons causing more trouble. An even worse situation is infection in the synovial sheath, usually the result of a puncture wound, and these are devastating, and difficult to deal with requiring urgent veterinary attention. So, what do we do? Hopefully I have already explained the great majority of windgalls are a result of the way the horse uses the leg. Windgalls are very rare in horses that live in the paddock and are never ridden. Things have to change, and there are usually a multitude of factors in the ecosystem around the use and movement of the horse. When I look at a horse for a client with a windgall, the most important part of the assessment is a detailed exploration of all the factors relating to the use of the horse. By far the most useful and common adjustment we can make is in the way the horse is trimmed and shod and almost always there are things we can change and adjust. Each horse is different but most changes will involve improving the balance of the foot, shortening the breakover, and increasing the heel support. The surface the horse works on is also very important. Very hard surfaces are going to exacerbate the effects of the small imbalances that may be present. Equally, deep sand surfaces can be wrong as the deeper the surface, the more work the tendons have to do to achieve liftoff and breakover. There are so many factors to consider, it is impossible to cover. Suffice to say, everything must be assessed and adjustments considered. Medical therapy can be very useful as it can markedly reduce inflammation. Phenylbutazone, and other anti-inflammatories will all help. In particular, injection of cortisone into the sheath can be dramatic. Cortisone stops the local inflammation and virtually ceases the secretion, absorption continues and the sheath goes down. It is critical to realise that if the factors that caused the windgall in the first place remain, the inflammation will continue as soon as the drugs wear off. Every owner invariably wants to "drain" the fluid. This on its own is a complete waste as the fluid will instantly be re-secreted and the swelling return. Surgery can be very useful in those cases where there is damage to the tendon or annular ligament. Careful ultrasound examination is very important to attempt to determine what damage may be present, and if there appears to be a lot of sonographic change in the tendons and sheath, surgery is very important in removing damaged tissue and allowing healing.

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Page 17


The Horse Report

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Page 19


The Horse Report

Which hays are best to feed your horse? By ANTOINETTE FOSTER Equine Nutritional Therapist and Medical Herbalist Dip. Nut. Š 2018

ADF, NDF, and feed quality As a plant ages the amount of fibre increases however the protein decreases as a percentage of the dry matter, starch and simple sugars also tend to decrease. The fibrous carbohydrate portions also require microbial fermentation in the hindgut of the horse, the energy in a more mature plant is considered less obtainable. This could be quite beneficial if you are feeding a horse that is a good doer as these horses generPage 20

All hays aren’t the same - understanding what certain types can deliver may benefit the performance of your horse.

ally require a lower non-structural carbohydrate level. So, the more mature the plant the more likely the hay will provide less calories and contain less NSC. In ruminant nutrition, NDF is used as an indicator for hay consumed as cattle naturally consume less hay when the NDF content is high. NDF could be used in a similar way with horses however the anatomical differences between equine and ruminant digestive tracts would suggest that it would not be very accurate. ADF and NDF in Horse Diets When you are assessing your hay analysis, the NDF and ADF are good indicators of the maturity of the plant. This may assist the horse owner in determining which horses would do well on a particular hay. As a guide when NDF and ADF are high, they would not be a good choice for weanlings and lactating mares as there is a much higher demand on nutritional content for these types of horses. Hays that have a content of 40 to 50% NDF and a content of 30 to 35% ADF would be considered quite ideal for performance horses, young growing stock and broodmares. For horses that are mature and

are in light work and those who are good doers, they will benefit from hays with slightly higher values. Hays that have an NDF of over 65% and ADF of more than 45% will have a much lower nutritional value for horses. So, you can use NDF and ADF values from your hay analysis to calculate more accurately your nutritional requirements. I have added a list of abbreviations and descriptions of what will be contained in the average hay test. Dry Matter (DM)- This tells you how much of the sample is left after water is removed. It is the moisture or dry matter content of the sample. Hay will generally be about 89 percent dry matter or greater. Digestible energy (DE) - This is a measure of the digestible energy in the hay. Total Digestible Nutrients (TDN) - This is a measure of the

total digestible nutrients in the hay or its energy value. TDN may be used in place of DE or offered in addition to DE. It may range from 40 to 55 percent. Crude Protein (CP)- This is a measure of the protein concentration of the hay and can range from 6 percent to 8 percent in native grass hays to about 15 percent or higher in high quality legume hays. Neutral Detergent Fibre (NDF) - This is a measure of the plant's cell wall content, shown as a percent. The higher this is, the less hay the horse will eat. Acid Detergent fibre (ADF) This is a measure of the fiber concentration of the hay, shown as a percent. As ADF increases, digestibility and nutrient availability decreases. Non-Structural Carbohydrates (NSC) - This is a measure of the non-structural carbohydrates in the feed. Â Continued page 21

www.hiform.com.au

How often do you think about having your hay tested and having a better understanding of the hay you are feeding your horse may be of benefit? When you receive your analysis, you will notice that there are several abbreviations listed these may include WSC and starch. It may also include ADF and NDF or NSC. So, what are these abbreviations and what do they mean? More importantly, are they relevant to you the horse owner? The abbreviations ADF mean Acid Detergent Fibre and NDF means Neutral Detergent Fibre. These measures of the hay are the cell walls or structural carbohydrate constituents. Neutral Detergent Fibre is the insoluble carbohydrate portion which remains after a sample of feed has been refluxed in a neutral detergent solution. This is a technique involving the condensation of vapours and the return of this condensate to the system from which it originated. It is used in industrial and laboratory distillations. This is made up of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin these all give the plant inflexibility. The remainder after this process has been completed, is then refluxed in an acid solution. After this process only cellulose and lignin remain or in other words ADF. Unfortunately, this is not an entirely accurate procedure as in many cases residues can be contaminated with carbohydrates such as pectin's these are nonstructural carbohydrates NSC.

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The Horse Report

Roughage and average total feed intakes  from page 20 Starch and Sugar- This is a measure of sugars and starches in the feed. Roughage is undoubtedly the most important basis of the equine diet and horses really should consume approximately 1.5 to 3% of their body weight daily, it is recommended that at least half of horse's diet should be roughage in the form of hay or pasture. The equine gastrointestinal system is easily upset and if sudden changes are made in the diet it can increase the risk of colic and other digestive issues. Many parts of Australia are experiencing very low or no rainfall, and subsequently, very poor pasture growth or completely bare paddocks. We have been getting a lot of questions from horse owners with little or no pasture, on how best to replace the grass component of their horse's diet. The choice of possible hay types, given the current season, may be more down to availability than any other factors, but where available, good quality pasture/meadow/grass hay is a good starting point. No matter what sort of hay you can get (and provided your horse or pony doesn't have any additional issues affecting hay type/consumption), the guidelines around amounts generally follow the same rules. Drought and feed prices! No doubt as a horse owner you would have experienced a substantial increase in the price of horse feeds and hay prices. Unfortunately, there is no way around this, as prices of alfalfa and oaten hay have more than doubled in the last 4 to 5

Grassy Hay

Lucerne Hay

months, oats and barley have also doubled in price. The increased price of feeds and hays have been felt Australia wide. There is no respite from the drought, it is unlikely that these prices will drop in the foreseeable future. If you are located in an area where you have not been drought affected, you are indeed very fortunate. What is the best hay to feed your horse? There are hays that have become more prominent recently in particular for horses that are prone to laminitis and for those horses that put-on weight very easily. Hays such as Teff and hays that have a lower sugar and starch content have become quite popular. I personally love alfalfa hay as it is very nutritious but also contains an excellent level of protein which sits between 19 to 22%. However, the wonderful thing about alfalfa is that it is very low in NSC and starch, making it an ideal feed for hors-

es that suffer from EMS, which include Cushing's disease, as these horses require a good level of protein and a high level of fat in their diet. Horses who are prone to laminitis and are easy keepers may also benefit from being fed alfalfa, as it will not be necessary to feed high levels, but the nutritional value will benefit these horses. Other forms of hay which include pasture hays may vary in the level of NSC and starch so it is always recommended to have these hays off the farm tested. I am not a fan of wheaten hay for horses as I prefer a more natural approach to feeding. How much hay should I feed? Horses need to eat a minimum of 1-1.5% (on a dry matter basis) of their body weight in roughage per day just to keep their gut happy and healthy. Most hays contain around 8590% dry matter. Horses will typically consume between 2-2.5% of their body weight overall each day as a combination of pasture, hay and hard feed (though we have all come across some notable ponies who are out to set the record for more). Ideally, most horses and ponies should receive 70% roughage (or more) as part of their daily diet. The reference table shows the minimum roughage and average total feed intakes for most sizes of horses and ponies. Horses are designed to constantly eat (most spend on average 17 hours per day eating), so having hay available all the time is the best option to mimic this if your horse has no pasture. Horses’ stomachs are continu-

Oaten Hay

Teff Hay

ously secreting stomach acid, and excess acid can accumulate if the horse has an empty stomach for more than about three hours. This accumulation of stomach acid can result in various issues such as ulcers, diarrhoea, behavioural problems or even colic. To help alleviate these issues, or just to increase their fibre content, horses will often continue chewing to produce saliva (on fences, trees and in some cases their own manure), which acts as a natural antacid. Feeding a high level of hay will also benefit the gut microbiome and reduce the risk of digestive health issues in horses. For more information on the types of hay and testing available contact our office on (03) 9775 6422 or email enq@hiform.com.au we also offer a detailed individualised equine software program this is now available for all horse owners.

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Page 21


The Horse Report

Major boost for 2019 TAB Queensland The Queensland Derby and Queensland Oaks at Albion Park Harness Racing Club will be returned to their rightful status as Group 1 Classics worth $100,000 each from 2019, thanks to Racing Queensland’s new partnership with Tabcorp. Racing Queensland Chief Operating Officer Adam Wallish said the increases were just one example of the benefits the new partnership between Racing Queensland and wagering provider TAB would deliver. “These increases give our local trainers and owners two more chances to claim Group 1 glory,” Mr Wallish said. “The move also aims to bolster southern participation, which contributed largely to Racing Queensland’s record wagering figures on TAB Blacks A Fake and Sunshine Sprint nights in 2018.” Tabcorp Head of Wagering in Queensland, Sean Scott, said race clubs across Queensland would benefit from the new partnership. “There is excitement building in racing and wagering in Queensland and we’re thrilled to be a part of it. The transition from UBET to TAB continues and we’re confident punters will love what TAB will bring to the Sunshine State,” he said. The TAB Queensland Oaks will be run at Albion Park in conjunction with the G2 Sunshine Sprint on 13 July 2019. The TAB Queensland Derby will be held on TAB Blacks A Fake Night on 20 July 2019, alongside the G1 QBRED 2YO Triad Finals and the $200,000 TAB Blacks A Fake. Albion Park Harness Racing Club Chairman David Fowler said the increases would be of significant benefit to his club and the entire Queensland industry. “The Queensland Winter Carnival will now feature six Group 1 races including four on the final night of the carnival at Albion Park. That’s a feat the Queensland harness industry can be proud of,” Mr Fowler said. Queensland’s principal harness race caller Chris Barsby welcomed the news. “This is outstanding news because it really solidifies that Brisbane is the place to be during winter. As we know a lot of southerners like to head up and get into the warmer climate, but now with the extra prize money I think we’ll see a lot more interstaters heading this way,” he said. Trainer Kylie Rasmussen won the 2011 Queensland Oaks with outstanding mare, Forever Gold, and will be have Group 1-winning filly Page 22

The Queensland Derby and Queensland Oaks have both received substantial increases with both races now worth $100,000. Smart As Camm Be set for the 2019 TAB Queensland Oaks. “Most people when they buy a young horse have big dreams and if they can win an Oaks or a Derby that’s something very special,” she said. “To have the Derby and the Oaks back to Group 1, and more importantly, back to $100,000 races is just wonderful for Queensland.” Rasmussen said the recent $2 million prize money increases for harness were a welcomed lift to the industry. “The more prize money we can have spread over the board so as everybody gets a bit more is what the industry needs,” she said. “The QBRED scheme is back on target and looking really positive, especially now that you can win bonuses as an older horse.” Racing Queensland Harness Strategy and Development Manager David Brick said he looked forward to further announcements regarding the make-up of the carnival over the coming weeks and months. “These increases complement the $10,000 TAB Grand Final bonuses being offered to the winners of any Grand Circuit race during the 2018/19 season that then race in the TAB Blacks A Fake in July,” he said. For more information please call Alex Nolan from Racing Queensland on 0412 156 517 or email www.iconoclastequine.com.au - 0418 291 124 anolan@racingqueensland.com.au

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The Horse Report

2019 Australian Stock Horse Nationals While most events have a story behind them, the 2019 Australian Stock Horse Society National Show is no different. This year’s show tells a tale of struggle, success and the hope of good times ahead. The forthcoming 2019 event will be held from 28th February to 9th March and will be a prime example of sheer grit and determination by a dedicated Event Committee and competitors who won’t let anything get in the way of holding this major event. Like most equine associations in Australia, the drought conditions continue to challenge committees who are organising popular equine activities, and in particular, the sport of Campdrafting. A continued struggle with sourcing suitable cattle, feed costs and transport have weighed heavily on the Event Committee. Discussions to split this year's program and relocate part of the event were considered in the early stages of planning to ensure a wide range of disciplines would continue to be included and the proud history of the event, now in its 31st year would continue. Thankfully a chance phone call from a generous cattle donor in the Tamworth region of New South Wales came to the rescue just before the event was going to be split and moved. Other cattle donors have since pledged their support despite these trying times and ongoing uncertainty of any decent rain on the horizon. Long term supporter, Martin’s Stock Haulage will transport the cattle to and from the properties of these cattle donors to the AELEC venue. The Cattle Committee take their responsibilities to those donated cattle very seriously. They spend a lot of time talking to cattle donors and inspecting the cattle before the National Show to ensure they are suitable in terms of size, age, general health and are comfortable around horses. The 2019 event signifies the 30th Anniversary of the National Maturity, sponsored by Baxter Boots & Shoes and Wylarah Pastoral Co. and is designed to showcase the ability and temperament of the Society’s four-year-old horses over five disciplines (Led, Hack, Working, Time Trial and Cattle sections). From its humble beginnings, the event was first held in Dubbo NSW on 28th April 1990 where Brown Expo owned by KM Brown and ridden by Allan Young cemented their names in history on the National Maturity Roll of

2019

AUSTRALIAN STOCK HORSE SOCIETY

NATION L SHOW 28th FEBRUARY - 9th MARCH 2019

Join Us to Celebrate “The Breed for Every Need” Photo: PeterMac Photography

Photo: Kate Jones Photography

Photo: Kate Jones Photography

Photo: Wild Colt Productions

Gala Night Two-hour live entertainment spectacular! Celebrating “The Breed for Every Need” Saturday, 2nd March Line-up includes: Double Dan Horsemanship, Trick Riding, R.M.Williams Flag Ride, Polocrosse, Light Horses & an Invitational Working Cow Horse Competition

Fountain of Youth

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National Yearling & 2yr Old Sale “Where Success Begins” Parade and Sale Saturday, 2nd March

See the best Australian Stock Horses & Competitors battling it out for a share of the $180,000 prize pool!

86 Yearlings and 2yr Olds on Offer! $10,000 in vendor and purchaser incentives plus other benefits

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| www.ashsnationals.com.au

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R osebrook Australian Stock Horse Stud

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Honour. The event has grown tremendously in participation, reputation and prizemoney along with the other featured events consisting of the Baxter Boots & Shoes National Futurity, R.M.Williams ABBEY Open Challenge and the Affinity Equine Insurance & Rosebrook ASH Stud Snaffle Bit Futurity. The Committee is grateful for all sponsors support and they look forward to building lasting relationships well into the future. The Australian Stock Horse Society realised that 2019 was going to be a tough year but are committed to recognising the outstanding performance and calibre of the horses, riders and trainers involved with this prestigious event and have increased the prizemoney by a massive $38,000. The prize pool is now expected to reach over $180,000 and will consist of cash, trophy saddles, stallion services and product that has attracted an increase in competitors from across the country. Disciplines that continue to grow in popularity at the ASHS National Show include Dressage, Show Classes & Challenges.

Nominations are being finalised for the Campdraft Program and with events like the $20,000 Pryde’s EasiFeed Maiden Series Campdraft, being the wealthiest restricted breed Campdraft in Australia, along with the R.M.Williams Open Campdraft, the Martin’s Stock Haulage Novice Campdraft and the Tamworth Equine Veterinary Centre Stallion Campdraft it is likely that there will be an increase in entries compared to the previous years. The Society is thankful to the generous Sponsors of these events and is hopeful that the 2019 event will be the biggest National Show in recent history. The Fountain of Youth Sale will once again be held in conjunction with the National Show and will offer sought-after young Australian Stock Horses and includes $10,000 in vendor and purchaser incentives plus other benefits. Eighty six horses will be offered to go under the hammer and will consist of yearlings and two-yearolds with quality performance bloodlines. The Society is excited to again

partner with approved selling agents, Landmark Equine, in continuing to build this prestigious young horse sale and offer exclusive competitions, awards and cash incentives for horses purchased at this reputable sale. The 2018 National Futurity Champion, Derowie Serendipity, was sold at the 2016 Fountain of Youth Sale proving that this is where success begins for many of these young Australian Stock Horses. Spectators and visitors are encouraged to attend this significant event to witness the superior performance of the Australian Stock Horse breed and enjoy the social atmosphere with fellow equine lovers. Why not make a weekend of it and visit Tamworth? There are lots of free things to see at the ASHS Nationals, here is a brief list: Friday, 1st March Day Program: Dressage & Campdrafting 6pm - Freestyle Dressage - See Australian Stock Horses perform to music in this evening competition Saturday, 2nd March Day Program: Dressage & Campdrafting 2:30pm - Fountain of Youth Sale Offering 86 quality yearlings & two-year-olds for you to inspect and bid on. 7pm - Australian Stock Horse Gala Night - Opening Ceremony & Evening Entertainment see the amazing relationship between horse and human performing to the theme of “The Breed for Every Need”. The ASHS Gala Night has become a huge drawcard for spectators and will continue to deliver mustsee live equine entertainment. The line-up will include professional equine entertainers performing awe-inspiring horsemanship, thrilling stunts and a hint of comedy for the whole family to watch and enjoy. Sunday, 3rd March Day Program: Campdraft Finals & the R.M.Williams Abbey Open Challenge Other attractions & event facilities: • A range of trade stands offering everything the equine enthusiast could want or need! • Food & Coffee Outlets • Licenced Bar • See the best Australian Stock Horses & Competitors battling it out for a share of the $180,000 prize pool! Visit the event website for further information and the full 10-day competition program www.ashsnationals.com.au

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Page 23


CALENDAR

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OF EVENTS SHOWJUMPING /EVENTING E.F.A. 07 3891 6611 www.efaq.com.au FEBRUARY 2 Scone Horse Trials Derby 9 Toowoomba Jump Club 10 Gow-Gates Insurance Equestrian Extravaganza @ Wallaby Hill 23 Tamborine CNC2* MARCH 16 DRB Floats CCI & CCN Warwick One Day Event 16-17 Canberra One Day Event 23-24 Equestriad International ODE 21-24 Qld Country Showjumping Championships

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Page 25


The Horse Report

Heavy Horse breeds display in Moss Vale The workhorse of many early 19th and 20th century farms, the Shire horse, will be strutting its stuff at the National Shire and Southern Highlands Heavy Horse Show in Moss Vale on March 30 and 31. The President of the Shire Horse Breeders Association, Cai Thomas, said ‘this is the eighth National Show and the seventh one in Moss Vale. It’s definitely become a great fixture on the horse show scene and is a must for all heavy horse owners and enthusiasts.” Shire horses were originally imported into Australia in the 1800s for both heavy hauling and agricultural work, but there were not enough of them to sustain the breed. By the mid 1920s they had died out. Through the dedication of a number of Shire owners in Australia the breed was reintroduced in the 1980s. “We also recognise the role that other heavy horse breeds have played in the develop-

have an opportunity to see these giant horses as working horses,” Mr Thomas said. For a full Program of events: http://shirehorse.com.au/shhs/ For further information contact Christine Ellis on 0435 963 260

National Shire and Southern Highlands Heavy Horse Show

Moss Vale March 30 and 31

Kel Taylor riding Cedars Archibald ment of Australia, so we are encouraging all heavy horse breeds to come along to Moss Vale and join with us to celebrate these magnificent horses. The program includes standard led and ridden classes as well as the amazing spectacu-

lar of the Concours D’Elegance - a parade of horses with riders dressed in the most stunning outfits. “Younger riders and novices haven’t been ignored and there will be barrel races, harness classes and also the public will

For a full Program of events: http://shirehorse.com.au/shhs/ Enquiries contact Christine Ellis on 0435 963 26

Dressage Australia clarification of size of snaffle bit EA COMPETITIONS incl CDNs – 1/1/19 to 31/12/19 Dressage Australia has published 2 tables with information clarifying EA competitions and FEI events where a snaffle bit SNAFFLE DOUBLE is applicable and the applicable size of the snaffle bit. HORSES PONIES COMPETITION Please note that the minimum diameter of the snaffle bit for YES/NO horses for EA competitions is under review during 2019. Minimum diameter Any proposed changes will be widely publicised at least three months prior to implementation. Preliminary 10mm 10mm NO Novice FEI SANCTIONED EVENTS/COMPETITIONS Elementary FEI Dressage Rules - Article 422.1.4, 428.2.2 & 2.2.1 & 2.2.2 Medium SNAFFLE DOUBLE Advanced PSG HORSES PONIES COMPETITION YES/NO Inter I Minimum diameter Inter A CDI1* - all comps 14mm 10mm YES Inter B CDI2* - all comps 14mm 10mm YES Inter II CDI3* N/A 10mm YES U25 CDI4* N/A 10mm YES GP CDI5* N/A 10mm YES GPS U25 N/A N/A YES YR CDIP (Pony) N/A 10mm NO FEI Pony CDICH (Children) 14mm 10mm NO FEI Junior CDIJ (Junior) 14mm N/A YES YH 4/5/6 CDIY (Young Rider) 14mm N/A YES YH7 Page 26

10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm N/A 10mm 14mm 14mm

10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm 10mm

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NO NO YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES NO YES NO YES


The Horse Report BIT7+(',))(5(1&(%(7:((1:,11,1*$1'/26,1* '$9,'+$<(6 Trainer 0DMRU%UHDNWKURXJK

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Page 27


The Horse Report

Photos courtesy Nelly Jaehne, Firestone Lodge, Tasmania ©

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breeder’s R E V I E W My name is Nelly Jaehne and I own Firestone Lodge, where I breed and train Friesian / Gypsy Cob Crosses. I have been using Agspand’s Feedchar with my stallions, mares and youngstock for 2 years now. They have hay and grass, and Agspand’s Feedchar left for them to self-medicate from a bucket. I have witnessed it help with scouring, ulcers, behaviour issues and founder symptoms. I am a proud supporter of Agspand’s Feedchar, and happy to share information if contacted.

Firestone Lodge’s stallion, Cees, on hay, grass, and Agspand’s Feedchar

Why use Agspand’s FEEDCHARTM for animals? Mycotoxins are compounds in fungi (endophytes) that commonly appear on and in grasses and seed heads, particularly after seasonal rain and dry spells. Mouldy hay can also be problematic. Mycotoxins and high-protein feeds may drop an animal’s digestive pH into a lower, acidic range, resulting in such symptoms as nervous agitation, overheating, skin allergies and scouring. A quality, Australian-made dietary supplement, Agspand’s Feedchar is formulated to balance an animal’s digestive system’s pH within the normal range. This enables microbes to flourish so they can deal with toxins and pathogens, and normalise feed efficiency and nutrient uptake. A restored and effective digestive system supports a strong immune system for all animals. Agspand’s Feedchar can be mixed with feed and other supplements, but also left for animals to self-medicate. Comprising natural ingredients that animals source for themselves in the wild, it has no other additives and virtually no taste or smell to induce animals to eat it, but they do!

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The Horse Report

Mycotoxins can affect digestive wellbeing Supplied by Agspand Pty Ltd, www.agspand.com.au At certain times of the year, particularly from spring through to autumn, endophytes or fungi containing mycotoxins commonly appear on and in grasses. Mycotoxins can also linger for a number of years in hay and grain-based feeds harvested off high-endophyte plants. Mycotoxins are found in endophytic fungi, which live in the plants, as well as saprophytic fungi, living on the plants. Endophytes are a plant’s means of self-protection against insect attack or animal overgrazing. Concentrations of endophytic fungi appear on the head of the plant when it is stressed from lack of moisture, or when the soil nitrogen is high. Endophytes typically occur in phalaris, tall fescue grasses and perennial ryegrass. The shoots and flowers of endophyte-affected ryegrass in particular contain high levels of the Lolitrem B mycotoxin. Horse paddocks can be covered in these plants because often they have been overgrazed for years and receive little attention. In their battle for survival the remaining plants’ defence is to contain high levels of endophytes at the base-sheath of the plant (early spring and autumn), and also in the seed-heads in summer. Mycotoxins are compounds in the fungi that interfere with an animal’s digestive wellbeing. They can affect a horse’s nervous system, making them agitated, flighty, and sen-

*

Feedchar helps horses deal with mycotoxins which can effect their digestive well-being. Horses will self medicate if Feedchar is made readily available.

sitive around the abdomen. In severe cases, mycotoxicity can contribute towards laminitis and reproductive disorders. When added as a feed supplement, the adsorptive components of Agspand’s Feedchar™ are designed to deal with toxins and pathogens. Animals should show less physical discomfort and stress from mycotoxicity. Testimonials from clients providing Feedchar to horses describe a marked improvement in their animals’ behaviour after two weeks. Feedchar is mostly quality Australian-made charcoal, with a small percentage of mineralised clay. Both of these ingredients are natural toxin

binders and digestive aids that animals source for themselves in the wild. Small amounts of Agspand’s Feedchar™ can be mixed in with animals’ normal feed. For horses it is suggested you add 2 scoops (30ml) of Agspand’s Feedchar™ to their feed once a day, as needed. If supplied once a day, this equates to around 1 litre per horse per month. Otherwise, many animals will self-medicate (feed themselves) if some Feedchar is simply made available in a separate container where they normally eat or drink.

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Page 29


The Horse Report

Peppermint is good for digestion, and has greater aantifungal properties than other mints plus greater carminative and digestive powers. With its strong flavour, peppermint is a favourite for horses everywhere! Spinach is a great source of vitamins A, B2, C and K, and also contains magnesium, manganese, folate, iron, m calcium and potassium – all beneficial for the long term health of your horse. P Parsley is a powerhouse. It contains high levels of iron, with rich minerals copper, manganese, magnesium and potassium, plus it’s high in vitamins A and B. Parsley also packs approx three times the level of vitamin C than citrus juices! Alfalfa is a rich source of calcium, and contains healthy magnesium, phosphorus, sodium and potassium. It’s also a great source of quality protein and stimulates the digestive system.

Carrots are rich in vitamin A which can assist with healthy eyes, mucus membranes, bone growth, healthy skin and hair in horses. Mint is adored by horses, and is Mi a perfect appetite stimulant for difficult or shy feeders. Mint can assist in calming the digestive tract, and is rich in dietary fibre, vitamin A and iron. Turmeric is the latest T wonder herb for horses, with w high anti-inflammatory properties. Rich in antioxidants, a great source of dietary fibre and rich in vitamins C & B6, manganese and iron minerals. Chia seeds are one of the most nutritious foods available and are especially great for horses. They’re a terrific source of protein, dietary fibre and omega 3. Chia also includes vitamins, minerals and trace elements including zinc, potassium, iron, copper, magnesium, phosphorus and calcium, beneficial for health and vitality.

Apples are a very healthy treat for your horse, rich in Potassium which is important for proper muscle and nerve function. Cinnamon is loaded with C aantioxidants and is also widely accepted as having w anti-inflammatory properties. Molasses is a favourite for all horses – it contains 50% sugar, and the sugar in molasses is a fast energy source necessary for horses with a high workload. Oats are bone building and O hhigh in minerals. They’re also high in vitamin B, and als one of the best feeds for are o high working or competition horses. A Apple Cider Vinegar can improve digestion; it works to balance acidity in the stomach for better absorption of minerals. Research has shown that it can slow the absorption of sugar into the bloodstream, which can assist founder-prone ponies/ horses that are sensitive to sugar.

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Trainers feature

The Horse Report

Developing a confident mind By TANJA KRAUS We tend to spend time working on the horse's physical strengths and capabilities but it is vital that we invest in the development of a confident mind, which will allow the horse to enjoy our interactions as much as we do. Spend time in building trust Investing in trust building exercises is a great way to teach your horse that he can look to you when he is worried and to create that pattern in his thinking. Trust building or confidence building exercises can include introducing 'scary objects' however this must be done in a positive way that considers the horse's way of survival. For example, when a human sees a scary object we try to encourage, and sometimes force, the horse to go up and investigate, whereas the horse's instincts are telling it to run away. Once we understand how the horse learns, his physiology and psychology, then we can utilize this knowledge to lead the horse in a way that makes sense to him, and this develops trust between the horse and handler. Train yourself to remain calm in a situation. When we get frightened, which in turn can make us angry, we can start to lash out at a horse. We have all seen the rider or handler that 'loses it' and tries to tell the horse to calm down by banging on his face or kicking him. This won't work. Your escalating in energy only causes the horse to believe that he was correct in assuming there was a threat because you are now stressed and because you are stressed he doesn't think you have control of the situation, so he tries to get away from you to find someone who does know what they are doing. Set your horse up for success Increase the expectations of confidence little by little. Don't take your nonconfident horse to the biggest horse show in the country and expect that he can handle it. Build his ability to deal with external stimulus and pressures little by little, to allow him to become empowered and understand that he can remain calm in situations. Keep your knowledge toolbox growing There are multiple ways to help horses through situations and it is our responsibility to have the right tool to help the horse. If we continue to learn different methods of helping our horse through a situation, then if a situation arises where he is unable to manage himself, we will have the knowledge to get him through it. There are two parts to the horse and rider combination - the horse, and the rider. Within those two beings are the elements of physical, mental and spiritual well-being. If we only strengthen one area (the physical) of one being (the horse) then we are disturbing the equilibrium in the horse and rider partnership. Take time to invest in you, and your horses, mind, body, and spirit.

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The Horse Report

PACIFIC COAST HACK CHAMPIONSHIPS

Payten Boik with Al Nebu Fahil

Champion Rider Elle Mangan in rider 30yrs and over

Codi Hardiman with Belleville Charisma in reserve Champion Rider 12yrs and under 15yrs

Wyann Kosmo Girl in Leading Rein Hunter Pony Ne 12.2hh

Zali Petersen in Rider 15yrs and under 17yrs with Esk Versace

Matilda Longbottom with Powerplay in Rider 17yrs and under 21yrs

SE Bentley in Large Show Hunter Pony 12.2hh ne 14hh with Sarah Wheaton

Page 32

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The Horse Report

PACIFIC COAST HACK CHAMPIONSHIPS

Isabelle Duke Daly riding Wynara Illusions in Rider 12yrs and under 15yrs

Corndale Kiss and Tell in Show Hunter Galloway 14hh ne 14.2hh with Annalise Hughes

Courtney Larard with Legacy of Loxley in Show Hunter Hack over 16hh

Phone: 0408 724 935 Email: dannimphotography@gmail.com www.dannimilliganphotography.com.au www.thehorsereport.com www.thehorsereport.com - Ph 07 55909721 - mob 0413 733 294 - Email: cobakibob@bigpond.com

Page 33


The Horse Report

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The Horse Report Murwillumbah hosts Pony Club NSW state champs The NSW Pony Club competition season is in full swing, with the first of the State Championships taking place over the Australia Day long weekend. The Pony Club NSW State Showriding and Dressage Championships were held at the well-equipped Murwillumbah Showgrounds from the 25th-27th of January, which provided excellent facilities at the tree-lined showground that provided shade for horses, competitors and spectators to escape the warm weather. More than 140 riders took part across in the Championships, with many riders opting to compete across both championships, representing their Zone with a high level of presentation, sportsmanship and performance. Riders with the highest points in each championship were awarded with an Age Champion sash, trophy, and wool trophy rug thanks to Horseland, and Reserve Champions took home a sash, and an embroidered saddlecloth from Elite Horse and Pet Products. Associate Age Champions additionally took home a saddlecloth and voucher from Equissage, with Zone Champion Teams receiving a hat and voucher from Equissage also. The State Showriding Championships started things off on the Friday and Saturday with events including Rider, Hack, Hunter, Handler, Pony Club Mount and Bareback classes among others. Competition was strong across the three rings, making it a difficult task for judges Rita Rodgers, Cathy Young, and Gail Iskra. At the conclusion of classes the overall Age Champion and Reserve Champion in each age division were announced during the unmounted presentation. In the Under 9 years, Charlize Mackie from Dural Pony Club in Zone 23 was the highest point scorer and declared the Age Champion, while Jemima Warburton from Gravesend Pony Club in Zone 8 was the Reserve Champion. Anastasia Blanch from Murwillumbah Pony Club in Zone 15 was awarded the 9 & Under 11 Years Age Champion in a tough field, with Olivia Thrift from Denman Pony Club in Zone 7 named as the Reserve Champion after a count back for Age Champion. In the 11 & under 13 years Age group, Jacinta Sullivan from Congarinni Pony Club in Zone 9 was awarded the Age Champion and was the highest point scorer of the day, and Molly Callinan from Wallsend New Lambton in Zone 25 was the Reserve Champion. Ivy Pointon-Wales from Alstonville Pony Club in Host Zone 15 was the highest point scorer in the 13 & under 15 years age group, taking home the Age Champion Sash, Rug and Trophy, with Makayla Tink from Rawsonville Pony Club in Zone 4 in the Reserve Champion position. 15 & under 17 age group saw Cogarinni Pony Club (Zone 9) in the two top spots, with competitor Tahnee Sullivan the one to beat, being declared the Age Champion, while Lily-Rose Powell was the Reserve Champion. The Associates group had a home town victory, with Murwillumbah Pony Club (Zone 15) riders taking out Champion and Reserve Champion in the largest age group with 21 riders competing. Charlee Anthony was named the Associate

PCANSW State Show Riding Championships Team winners zone 15 riders Chloe Pacey Smith, Charlee Anthony, Ivy Pointen Wales and Anastasia Blanch.

Age Champion, while Chloe Pacey-Smith was just one point behind behind for Reserve Champion. The overall Champion Zone for the State Showriding Championships was awarded to Zone 15 with riders Charlee Anthony, Chloe Pacey-Smith, Ivy Pointon-Wales and Anastasia Blanch scoring the most points for their zone with all riders being named Champion or Reserve Champion in their age group, while Zone 4 was declared the Fitness Check Presentation Award winners. The event continued with the State Dressage Championships on Sunday. Competitors performed two dressage tests for their age group ranging from Preliminary to Elementary, with the combined highest scoring riders presented with Age Champion and Reserve Champion awards. In the Under 11 years Age Group, Ava Peel from Denman Pony Club in Zone 7 took home the Age Champion, while Marley Yates from Mount Sugarloaf Pony Club in Zone 25 took home Reserve Champion. Queensland riders Jorja McCloskey and Shae Stubbs took out Age Champion and Reserve Champion respectively. The 13 & Under 15 years was the largest group for the Dressage Championship with 16

riders in total. Age Champion was awarded to Piper Wise from Queensland, followed by Angela Muller from Glenreagh Pony Club in Zone 9 in the Reserve spot. Lily-Rose Powell from Congarinni Pony Club in Zone 9 took out the 15 & Under 17 years Dressage Age Champion, going one better from her Reserve Champion in the Showriding Championship. Anastasia Haling from Kootingal Pony Club in Zone 5 gained the Reserve Champion award. In the Associates division it was another Queensland takeover, with Jana Stadelmann and Amelia Starkey being awarded Associate Age Champion and Reserve Champion respectively. Zone 9 was named as the Champion Zone, with riders Jemma Whelen, Angela Muller, Lily-Rose Powell and Chloe Dwyer having the highest point scoring riders in their zone. Zone 9 were also awarded the Fitness Check Presentation Award. The next Combined State Championship for Pony Club NSW will be the 2019 State Sporting, Campdraft, Team Penning, Team Sporting and Mounted Games Championships at Merriwa Showgrounds from the 13th - 16th April.

PCANSW State Dressage Championships Winning Zone top 4 riders was Zone 9 Lilly Rose Powell, Chlow Dwyer, Angela Muller and Jemma Whelan

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The Horse Report

PCANSW STATE DRESSAGE CHAMPIONSHIPS

Emma Shoobridge from Zone 15 placed 3rd in the 1:3

Imahn Pholi from Grafton representing Zone 15

PCANSW Dressage Championships under 11 Champion was Ava Peel from Zone 9 and reserve was Marley Yates from Zone 25

17and under 26 PCANSW state Champion was Jana Stadelmann from Qld

Olivia Kait Gallegos from Zone 5

PCANSW Dressage Championships 17 & under 26 Champion was Jana Stadelmann from Qld and reserve was Amelia Starkey from Qld

Page 36

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The Horse Report

PCANSW STATE DRESSAGE CHAMPIONSHIPS

Lilly Rose Powell from zone 9 winner of the 15-17 championship

PCANSW Dressage Championships 11 & under 13 Champion was Jorja Mc Closkey from Qld and reserve was Shae Stubbs from Qld

Ivy Pointen Wales from Zone 15 placed 2nd in the 2:1 Print and Digital copies of all photos available on request

PCANSW Dressage Championships 15 & under 17 Champion was Lilly Rose Powell from Zone 9 and Reserve was Anastasia Haling from Zone 25

Charlee Anthony from Murwillumbah Pony Club in Zone 15 placed 4th in the Novice 2:3

Molly Bruce travelled down from the Sunshine Coast to represent Qld

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The Horse Report

PCANSW SHOW RIDING CHAMPIONSHIPS

Lucy Philip from Zone 15 winner of the under 13hh pony club mount

Mikey Blanch from Zone 15

Charlotte Hayes from Zone 15

PCANSW State Show Riding Championships 9 and under 11 years Champion Anastasia Blanch and reserve Olivia Thrift

Shae Partridge winner of the 17 - 26 rider

Lucy Sydney from Zone 15 placed 2nd in the Handler class

Show Riding under 9 years Champion Charlize Mackie and reserve Jemima Warburton

Print and Digital copies of all photos available on request Page 38

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The Horse Report

PCANSW SHOW RIDING CHAMPIONSHIPS

Reserve Champion 17 and under 26 years Chloe Pacey Smith from Zone 15

PCANSW State Show Riding Championships 17 and under 26 years Champion was Charlee Anthony from Zone 15

Safron Anderson from Zone 15 in the Pony Club Mount

PCANSW State Show Riding Championships 13 and under 15 years Champion Ivy Pointon- Wales and reserve Makayla Tink

PCANSW State Show Riding Championships winners of the junior fours Zone 15 Anastasia Blanch, Mikey Blanch, Safron Anderson and Alley Hayes

Ally Hayes from Grafton in Zone 15 winning the Best Educated Pony Hack

PCANSW State Show Riding Championships 11 and under 13 years Champion Jacinta Sullivan and reserve Molly Callinan

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Page 39


The Horse Report

All about miniature horses Supplied by Australian Miniature Horse Society What is a miniature horse? A miniature horse is simply a horse in miniature. It can be any type, but must have correct conformation, again all in miniature. The challenge is to breed all the magic of a full-sized horse into a tiny version. How tiny are miniature horses? The smallest miniatures are around 27-28" at the wither. They increase in height from there. The maximum height for the Foundation stock is 12.2hh. Height categories are 1. 34" & Under 2. 34-38" 3. 38-42" 4. 42-50" Do miniature horses have to be any particular colours? No. All colours are accepted into the AMHS registry. What types of horses do you see in the miniatures? Any type that breeders like, so long as the conformation is correct. There are ponies, stock horse types and the finer Arab types, depending on breeder preference. Miniature horses are not ridden - so what can you do with a miniature horse? There are halter competitions. Performance events include Trail, Hunter, Lungeline, Jumping, Harness and Long-reining. There are also have games like Keyhole and Bending. These are all done just on a lead, with rules for competition and scoring.

Miniature horses provide plenty of rewards through competition and showing.

What is an American Shetland? It is an American breed of miniature horse that was introduced into Australia from USA around 2012. It was brought into Australia to introduce new genetics into the society. Who are your members? The Society has a big youth membership with youth classes at all feature shows. There is also Open competition for all adult competitors and Amateur Owner classes. Some competitors start at Tiny Tot level (5 year olds) and just go up from there to senior competitors. What shows do you hold? The Society holds feature shows in many difAM 119 GEODE STANHOPE V

The AMHS National Championships Wed 8th - Sun 12th May 2019 AELEC Australian Equine & Livesstock Events Centre - Tamworth

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ferent local areas across Australia - State Shows for each state, and an annual National Show at Australian Equine and Livestock Events Centre (AELEC). The National Show at AELEC in Tamworth is scheduled for 8 - 12 May, 2019. AMHS is busy with the planning stages now to make this show as enjoyable and rewarding as possible for all our members. Where can show details be found by anyone who would like to take part? Find us on Face Book, or visit our website www.amhs.com.au For information contact us at admin@amhs.com.au

WORLD'S SMALLEST HORSE Thumbelina is a dwarf miniature horse and the world's smallest horse. She stands 43 centimetres (17 in) tall and weighs 26 kilograms (57 lb), and received the title of world's smallest from Guinness World Records. Thumbelina was born in St. Louis, Missouri - born May 1, 2001

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The Horse Report NORTHERN NSW HACK CHAMPIONSHIPS The Northern NSW Hack Championships will be condensing the show to be run over three days, as they will no longer be running young horse classes or a riding pony section. The 2019 event will be held at the Lismore Showgrounds from May 24 to 26 and is a qualifying event for the 2020 Show Horse Council Australasia Grand Nationals. Events include riders, Open and Show Hunter classes including Newcomer, Preliminary and Amateur Owner classes, Children’s Day, Working Hunters Off The Track Classes and the prestigious Gary Robson Memorial Open Hack Challenge and the Kent Woodland Memorial Amateur Hack Challenge. All entries are via the SHC Data base, visit www.showhorsecouncilaust.com.au For further information contact Di McMahon Ph 0413 474 074 or secretary - Tanya Stuart 0439 547 985 or email: nnswshowhorse@gmail.com

Northern NSW Show Horse Assoc

Hack Championships Major Sponsor

24th - 26th May

Lismore Showgrounds

Children’s Day, Shetlands, Show Hacks, Riders, Show Hunters, Working Hunters

Grand National Qualifier

MCGREGOR GOURLAY To celebrate their fourth year since opening on the Tweed Shire, McGregor Gourlay’s Murwillumbah Store will be offering a 10% off horse feeds and supplements for all equestrian and pony club members. McGregor Gourlay offers a wide range of goods and services including cropping inputs, agronomic services, digital ag solutions, animal health, Stock feeds and supplements, farm merchandise, and water equipment. With over 120 years in the industry, providing agricultural solutions and helping businesses tap into future technologies out west, they take their responsibility to customers seriously, and work hard to ensure they get the very best products and advice, and provide the latest in feeds and supplements at the lowest price. Drop in and visit their store Unit 3, 61-65 Quarry Road Murwillumbah or phone 02 6671 3904

Enquiries

Photos by LMG Photographics

Show Secretary - Di McMahon 0413 474 074 President - Les Gilleard PH: 0428 469 562 Secretary - Tanya Stuart 0439 547 985

Email. nnswshowhorse@gmail.com Follow us on facebook Northern NSW Show Horse Association

10% off to all Pony club and Equestrian club members.

AGRONOMY • AG CHEM • FERTILISER • SEED ANIMAL HEALTH • FENCING • HOME & FARM S SOIL & TISSUE TESTING • FIELD & YIELD MAPP ORGANIC FERTILISER & SOIL CONDITIONERS UAV TECHNOLOGY & SUPPORT

Show Horse Queensland 2019 Dates March 2nd - EQ Cup & Measuring Day April 27th - Anzac Day Show May 11th -12th - HOTY June 9th - Child’s & Newcomer HOTY all at Park Ridge

UNIT 3, 61-65 QUARRY ROAD MURWILLUMBAH NSW 2484 WWW.MCGREGORGOURLAY.COM.AU PH: 02 6671 3904

EXPRESSION OF INTEREST

Northern NSW Show Horse Assoc is seeking tenders for photographers for their 2019 show please email your tender by February 28 to

nnswshowhorse@gmail.com

www.qld.equestrian.org.au

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Page 41


The Horse Report PRARG'S T-SHIRT HACK SHOW Park Ridge Active Riding Group Inc will hold a T-shirt Hack Show on Sunday, 17th February, 2019 at their club grounds Skerman Park, Cnr Olson & Teviot Roads, North Maclean. Rings will commence at 8.00am. Ribbons to fourth all classes in Rings 1 and 2 and to 10th for Beginner ring. Champion sashes in each section, garlands for supreme horse, hunter & rider sponsored by Nathan Harvey. Rings sponsored by CobbNCo and Tony Handley Farrier Services Entries: $4 per horse per class which includes First Aid. Horse Health Declarations must be submitted when nominating. Cash or EPTFOS for nominations. Enquiries: Chris 0456 597 967 or Lorraine 0408 715 758 or

T-SHIRT HACK SHOW SUNDAY - 17th February Cnr. Olson & Teviot Roads, North Maclean Enquiries - Lorraine 0408 715 758 A/H/or Chris - 0456 597 967 or prarginc81@bigpond.com

"DATE CLAIMERS FOR 2019"

AGM & JUDGES SELECTIONS 14th March Beenleigh

YOUTH SHOW & RISING STAR

May 30th – June 2nd - Qld State Equestrian Centre QUEENSLAND COUNTRY HACK CHAMPS 26th - 28July Toowoomba Show Grounds

8.00am Start - Entries: $4.00 per horse per class

HORSE OF THE YEAR

2019 QLD RIDING PONY SHOW Saturday March 9th Southport Pony Club

Ridden & led classes Child’s, Show, Show Hunter and Overheights Plus an Open/Hunter ring open to non Riding Pony members and horses of any breed Eleanor Gerry Ph 0409 710 953 eandtgerry@gmail.com

Entries are now Open via www.rpsbs.com.au - login

4th - 7th October QSEC Caboolture

Check out our website

www.shcq.com.au Enquiries

Mrs Kristen Bates-Taunton - 0417 425 881 Mr Sean Aylett - 0438 118 267 infoshcq@gmail.com

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BUSINESS CARD LISTINGS LISA McCANN HERBS February Specials

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BUSINESS CARD LISTINGS CURRUMBIN CREEK STOCKFEEDS Ph 07 5559 5984

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Justin Wain Unit 1/9 Kortum Dr West Burleigh 4219 Email: burleighpetandstockfeed@gmail.com Japanoz Equestrian & Racing Stables DAIKI CHUJO

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* Racehorses/Equestrian Horses taken for training * Dressage/Showjumping Lessons( EA/NCAS qualified coach) * Horses for Sale * Pre-Training/ Breaking In 16 Cassidy Crescent Bogangar NSW 248 Ph : 0422 583 339 Email: japanoz@hotmail.com www.japanoz.com.au

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Page 45


BUSINESS CARD LISTINGS

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The Horse Report

INSECTICIDE FOR HORSES For powerful and convenient control of biting and nuisance flies and Queensland Itch on horses.

BRUTE® Insecticide for Horses is a registered ready-to-use wipe-on, containing the pyrethroid insecticide, Permethrin, in a low-irritating formulation. The oil-based fluid has a high residual efficacy against biting and nuisance flies, Sandflies and Queensland Itch. BRUTE® is available in an easy to use 500ml bottle and specially manufactured Hand Mitt. BRUTE® Insecticide for horses is manufactured in Queensland and is available from your nearest produce outlet or contact Loveland Agri Products.

If your local store does not stock Brute for Horses phone 0407 649 323 for your nearest outlet.

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Page 47


The Horse Report

Contact: Suzie Bloxsidge-Kennedy Email - info@showringclassifieds.com.au Ph: 0400 558 218 www.showringclassifieds.com.au

Sparkling Galaxy Price: $ 20,000. neg 16.0 hh Reg: WB/TB Black Gelding Sire: Kinnordy Gym Bello Dam: Sparkling Bay This is an exciting opportunity for someone to purchase one of New Zealand's top show horses. Alex’s extravagant movement and eye catching charisma has led him to exceed in both the show ring and dressage arena. The surface on his dressage career has barely been scratched; with limited outings he has gained over 170 dressage points and won his first Zilco Musical Freestyle with over 70%. Notable wins in New Zealand include; multiple titles at Horse of the Year, Equitana, New Zealand Show Horse Council championships, and the National Horse and Pony Show. Alex loves the beach, and enjoys a variety of jumping where he easily pops over 1.10m. He hacks both alone and in company, and hunts from time to time during winter with ease. He is easy to travel on both float and truck, easy to prepare alone at shows, and enjoys the competition atmosphere. He takes little working down. Used by multiple riders for rider classes and equitations, Alex's versatility is what has made him the true professional he is today. Competing at Sydney Grand Nationals 2019, Small Hunter - can be viewed there. POA negotiable - Available to only the best of homes. Contact: Julie Wylie-Parkinson Ph: 02 7378 7518

Radford Lodge Harlequin Price: $ 6,000. 13.3 hh Reg: Riding Pony Bay Gelding Sire: Royalwood Scallywag Dam: Beckworth Spring Melody Jeremy is a sweet child’s pony with 3 beautiful even flowing paces, and a lovely way of going, he has a soft snaffle mouth and established education. He has the most beautiful temperament on his back & on the ground. Although Jeremy is still young he takes everything in his stride from trail riding to beach rides. He has been bought along slowly, and professionally educated. Will be a perfect interschool, Childs mount, or would excel in any discipline with time. Realistically priced due to the market, Vet check welcome. Video Footage Link - https://youtu.be/W4Y2hdDwNeg

Genuine Show Hunter Price: $ 12,000. 15.1 ¾ hh Reg: Thoroughbred, SHC, EA Chestnut Gelding YOB: 2006 Sire: Elvstroem Dam: Miss Bud

True small Show Hunter hack. Cricket has 3 lovely consistent and even paces. He is well educated, a lovely horse to have around the stables and to show. Currently qualified for all 2019 royals and the Grand Nationals. This horse always has so much to give and will continue to flourish in an experienced home. He has jumped up to 90 cm and competed successfully in show jumping from limited s/jump outings. Video Footage Link - https://youtu.be/BKTTQmrcGFk Contact: Jayke Kerr Ph: 0419 805 698

Kolbeach Aristocrat Price: $ 15,000. Height: 14.1 hh Registered Riding Pony, SHC, EA Chestnut Gelding Age: 8 yrs Sire: Fernleigh Fine Print Dam: Halden Park Calendar Girl Regretful sale due to new owner’s very ill health. Archie has been one of the top horses in Australia. He has to be resold due to his new owner being very sick and unable to keep him. Archie’s work ethic is amazing and his willingness to please is always there. He is a very polite show horse with the most beautiful front. He’s education is solid and ready to go onto the next person ready for a top Galloway. He is lovely to ride and all Show horse. His easy nature makes him a pleasure to have around. Would suit pony dressage or a competent teenager or small adult looking for their next winner. He will only be sold to the best of homes. The price is low as archie cannot stay with his owner who is very sick. Winner EA National HOTY Winner multiple times at various royals State titles winner multiple times Horse is in Victoria.

Contact: Ashley Harris Ph: 0418 470 555 Contact: Lynda Mob: 0419 343 228

www.showringclassifieds.com.au Page 48

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The Horse Report

Contact: Suzie Bloxsidge-Kennedy Email - info@showringclassifieds.com.au Ph: 0400 558 218 www.showringclassifieds.com.au

Duchess of Da Vito

Newington Rumours

Price: $ 14,000. 14.1 hh Bay Mare Reg: SHC & EA - Warmblood & Riding Pony Sire: Da Vito Dam: Karanah Park Kiss Me

Price: $ 14,000. 13.1 hh Reg: Saddle Pony, EA, SHC, APSB, Part Welsh Chestnut Gelding Sire: Kolbeach Rembrandt Dam: Newington Gossip

TOP SHOW HUNTER GALLOWAY Delta has just completed her first season under saddle and has proven time and time again to be highly competitive. With the warmblood x she is a true show hunter with the refinement of a riding pony hunter and the movement of a warmblood. Would make a top dressage pony with her trainable attitude. A very comfy ride with a great front that makes it easy to sit and steer. Was started end of 2017 as a pony winning her newcomers and qualifying for 2018 grand nationals at first show but unfortunately didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t attend as I had a baby early in year. This year she has grown and been competing Galloway and again qualified for 2019 grand nationals in the small open show hunter Galloway and the 4yr old young horse hunter Galloway. Some of deltas recent performances: 2018 Adelaide royal show - Best novice hunter Galloway 2018 SHC HOTY - Champion 4yr old show hunter Galloway 2018 champ of champs HOTY R champion show hunter small Galloway Contact: Naomi Ph: 0425 198 277

Large Hack Price: $ 9,500. ono 16.2 hh Reg: Thoroughbred Bay Gelding

Paddy is the ultimate first show pony. He has taken my nervous 7 year old to a competent almost 9 year old rider who just qualified for the GN in her rider class. Paddy is not fazed by anything and will safely carry little ones around at even the busiest of shows. He is super sweet on the ground as well and is more than happy to be led around all day long. He is easy to clip, float, shoe, rug etc. Paddy has regularly done pony club and loves to do small jumps. Paddy is a float to the ring pony, requiring absolutely no work down. Paddy is a once in a lifetime pony and he will be so very much missed from our family. The only reason for selling Paddy is that he is best suited to teaching another little one the ropes. My daughter is moving onto a larger and more forward pony as she is moving into the next age group for her rider class. Please no time wasters as this is a very hard sale of a much loved pony. Contact: Nicola Grubisa Ph: 0408 494 511

Ultimate Pony Price: $ 10,000. 12.3 7/8 hh Reg: RP, AP, WELSH, SHC, EA Chestnut Gelding

Only being sold as over committed with family and other sporting obligations. Sound and drug free. Any veterinary examination welcome. Please no tyre kickers or time wasters.

Sad sale of much loved family pony who has been the ultimate pony taking his young rider from her first show to riding at royal level! Multi Supreme led and ridden, working hunter and dressage! Does it all...show hunter, working hunter, bareback, costume, western, quietest pony, dressage, handler, pleasure and bridle path, pony club and loves to go mustering! Ultimate pony ...super easy to prep, literally 5 min work down ....mums dream! Gorgeous pony to ride with big trots (however happy to dink along with unconfident kids) Beautifully educated and soft snaffle mouth Tiny kids can do everything with him, self-loads on float, fully clip unassisted, stand all day to be dyed, plaited, made up. This pony has been an absolute dream to own and show, winning everything from working hunters to supreme ridden and rider classes! Attended PC, loves to jump nothing fazes him Perfect first show pony for fussy parents wanting that allusive safe flash pony! Gear Available.

Contact: Christy Pollock Ph: 0418 272 444

Contact: Julie Ph: 0476 128 212

Super genuine and easy to ride TB gelding. 16.2 hand 9yo who is a lovely fine type, pretty head, big front, straight and correct conformation and a good mover. All of the hard work has been done with couple of years of clinics and outings under his belt. Recently used as a demo horse at Equitana 2018. Suitable for a child right through to aspiring or ambitious adult. Eligible all newcomers. Registered EA and SHC. This horse is absolutely super honest and capable of winning at the highest level.

www.showringclassifieds.com.au www.thehorsereport.com www.thehorsereport.com - Ph 07 55909721 - mob 0413 733 294 - Email: cobakibob@bigpond.com

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INSECTICIDE FOR HORSES SWAT is a ready-to-use insecticide for horses containing the pyrethroid insecticide ‘Permethrin’ in a non-irritant formulation with a high residual efficacy against Buffalo Fly, Stable Fly and Sand-flies. ALL OVER PROTECTION The formulation and applicator mitt enables complete coverage of your horse for maximum protection. 䊳 RAIN

RESISTANT FORMULA For long lasting effectiveness

䊳 LOW

IRRITANT No Alcohol formula

䊳 HIGHLY

CONCENTRATED 250mL will provide 2 months protection for 1 horse (8 applications) 500mL will provide 4 months protection for 1 horse (16 applications) Most concentrated Permethrin product

Pack Sizes Available

250mL & 500mL chamber packs For easy dispensing of correct dose on the supplied Applicator Mitt.

1 Applicator Mitt is included

in Australia for horses to ensure MAXIMUM RESIDUAL ACTIVITY.

PROUDLY AUSTRALIAN MADE AND OWNED

www.pharmachem.com.au

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The Horse Report February 2019  

The Horse Report February issue 50 pages of informative and interesting articles, news stories, advertising, photos and information on what...

The Horse Report February 2019  

The Horse Report February issue 50 pages of informative and interesting articles, news stories, advertising, photos and information on what...