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The Harvard Crimson The University Daily, Est. 1873  | Volume CXLVI, No. 119  |  Cambridge, Massachusetts  |  WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 2019

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Final club alumni need to pack their bags and leave the capital on sacntions.

Nobel Laureate Michael Kremer discusses his research with students

Men’s basketball cruises past MIT in season opener

Union Sets Dec. 3 Strike Deadline Faculty Talk Fossil Fuel Divestment By james s. bikales and ruoqi zhang

­arvard’s graduate student H union announced Tuesday morning that it will strike if negotiations are unable to reach a contract with the University by Dec. 3. Harvard Graduate Students Union-United Automobile Workers informed their members of the impending deadline in an email Tuesday morning. The union informed the University of its “strong mandate” to finalize a contract this semester during a bargaining session Oct. 30, according to the email. “We on the bargaining committee, working together with department leaders from across campus, have set a strike deadline for December 3rd,” the email reads. “If the Administration does not bargain a fair agreement by that time, we will go out on strike.” December 3 is the final day of classes for the fall semester, which means a potential strike would occur during reading and finals period. The bargaining committee’s email highlighted that it still seeks to avoid a strike. “The Bargaining Commit-

e? Strik

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Crimson Staff Writers

October 8: Strike Authorization Vote Announced

October 25: Strike Authorization Vote Passes by Over 90 Percent

November 5: Strike Deadline Set

December 3: Strike Deadline

Camille G. Caldera—Crimson Designer

tee will continue to negotiate this month and will do all it can to avert a strike, but the administration must negotiate towards a fair agreement to avoid a strike,” the committee wrote. Union negotiators declined to comment for this story. University spokesperson Jonathan L. Swain wrote in an emailed statement that the announcement was “disappointing.” “HGSU-UAW is making a choice to potentially disrupt the academic work of all Harvard students as they wrap up the

semester, which is disappointing,” Swain wrote. “The University continues to approach these negotiations in good faith and feels a strike is unwarranted.” “We will work across the University to prepare for a strike and make every attempt to reduce negative impact on students as they are wrapping up the semester’s academic work and preparing for and taking their finals,” he added. HGSU and the University will meet for bargaining sessions Nov. 15, 22, and 26, according to Swain.

Student teaching staff who strike will not offer instruction of any type, including teaching classes, sections, review sessions, and office hours, according to a strike guide released by HGSU. They will also stop grading papers, exams, and assignments for the duration of the strike. Graduate research assistants who strike will also withhold 20 hours of paid research work per week, per the guide. These students, however, will not

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Professors Joyce E. Chaplin, Stephen A. Marglin, and Charles Conroy are calling for fossil fuel divestment. Camille g. caldera—Crimson photographer By molly c. mccafferty and jonah s. berger Crimson Staff Writers

The Faculty of Arts and Sciences debated whether Harvard should divest its $40 billion endowment from the fossil fuel industry — among other possible responses to climate change — at its monthly meeting Tuesday. Punctuated by periods of sustained applause, five faculty members invoked the existential threat of the climate crisis in calling for divestment. Their calls come as more than 380 fac­

ulty across the University have signed a petition on the issue. Jessica Tuchman Mathews ’67 — a member of the Harvard Corporation, the University’s highest governing body — attended the meeting. University President Lawrence S. Bacow said he and Mathews would report the faculty’s views to the full Corporation, which would have the final say on divestment. Bacow — who, like his predecessors, has steadfastly opposed

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Seven Incumbents, Two FAS Challengers Win Council Seats Forms Oversight Bodies By katelyn x. li and declan j. knieriem Crimson Staff Writers

Preliminary vote counts show seven incumbents and two challengers were victorious in the race for Cambridge’s nine City Council seats, the Cambridge Election Commission announced late Tuesday night. The unofficial results show that — out of a field of 22 candidates — challengers Patricia ­

Cambridge residents count votes and await results for various precincts Tuesday night ahead of the election announcement. Kai R. Mcnamee—Crimson photographer

Prime Minister Calls for Slavery Reparations By brie k. buchanan and ellen m. burstein Crimson Staff Writers

Antigua and Barbuda’s Prime Minister Gaston Browne demanded reparations from Harvard for the University’s historical ties to slavery in a letter to University President Lawrence S. Bacow last month. The letter, dated Oct. 30, recalls how Isaac Royall Jr., a plantation owner and slave trader who operated in Antigua, donated money to Harvard in 1815 to create the first endowed law professorship. The emblem became the seal of Harvard Law School in 1937. Browne’s letter calls for Harvard to send reparations as Inside this issue

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recognition and compensation of Antiguan slaves in establishing the Law School. “Reparation from Harvard would compensate for its development on the backs of our people,” Browne wrote. “Reparation is not aid; it is not a gift; it is compensation to correct the injustices of the past and restore equity. Harvard should be in the forefront of this effort.” Bacow responded to Browne’s request for reparations in a letter Tuesday, noting actions taken during Faust’s presidency to acknowledge Harvard’s connections to slavery, including the installation of a memorial commemorating

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“Patty” M. Nolan ’80 and Jivan Sobrino-Wheeler secured seats on the council, ousting seven-term incumbent Craig A. Kelley. Vice Mayor Jan Devereux did not seek reelection. Results indicate Cambridge Mayor Marc C. McGovern and councilors Alanna M. Mallon, Sumbul Siddiqui, E. Denise Simmons, Quinton Y. Zondervan, Timothy J. Toomey, and Dennis J. Carlone will likely hold their positions on the council for another two years. A new mayor will be selected by elected councilors once they take office. Despite the rainy weather throughout the day Tuesday, initial counts put the election turnout at 20,433 votes — on par with numbers seen in previous years. Write-in, auxiliary, provisional, and overseas absentee ballots were not included in Tuesday’s count. Elections results will be made official Nov. 15. Nolan — a first-time candidate who has served on the Cambridge School Committee for the past 14 years — centered her campaign around governance reform, environmental sustainability, and support for neighborhood groups. Pri-

or to the election, she received endorsements from the Massachusetts Sierra Club, the Cambridge Residents Alliance, and the Cambridge Citizens Coalition. Nolan said she hopes the new council can work together in a “collegial, collaborative” manner, and credits her victory in part to a team of “stellar” campaign volunteers. “I just had several people who poured their heart and soul into trying to reach as many voters as possible,” she said. Also a first-time candidate, Sobrinho-Wheeler — who works on environmental programs at a land policy think tank in Cambridge — grounded his campaign on tenant protections and environmental sustainability. The seven incumbents reelected were bolstered by a distinct fundraising advantage over challengers. Between Aug. 1 and Oct. 15, incumbents raised on average roughly $18,900, while challengers received average contributions of around $5,700. This election season was a contentious one. A recent Crimson survey found that even as

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International disability rights activist Judith Heumann speaks with Professor Hannah Riley Bowles at the JFK Forum Tuesday night. KAI R. MCNAMEE—Crimson photographer

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Today’s Forecast

sunny High: 53 Low: 36

By molly c. mccafferty and jonah s. berger Crimson Staff Writers

Harvard has formed two new oversight committees in response to National Institutes of Health inquiries into potential “academic espionage” by faculty members at American universities, Dean of Science Christopher W. Stubbs announced at the Faculty’s monthly meeting Tuesday. One committee is tasked with reviewing sensitive research projects, and the other is examining Faculty of Arts and Sciences policies to ensure the school complies with guidelines set forth by federal funding agencies. Stubbs said the new committees were prompted by FBI and NIH investigations into scientists across the country who are allegedly stealing biomedical research from universities and funnelling that research to foreign governments. “Harvard has received and responded to inquiries from the NIH about inconsistencies between proposal submissions and faculty activities,” Stubbs said. The New York Times first reported Sunday that more than 70 research institutions are investigating potential cases of intellectual property theft, after NIH sent letters to administrators at the institutions, asking them to monitor government research grants. Almost all of the incidents the NIH and FBI are investigating involve Chinese and Chinese American researchers allegedly sending materials to the Chinese government. Stubbs said the new committees Harvard has formed in response to the federal inquiries “complement” the University’s existing administrative structures. The committees, he added, will help Harvard navigate the “rapidly changing landscape” of federal research funding. “Academics have lost their jobs, some have been charged with crimes, and tensions are high,” he said. ­

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NOVEMBER 6, 2019

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Harvard TodaY

For Lunch BBQ Pulled Pork Sandwich Chicken Fingers Lo Mein

For Dinner Bulgogi Chicken Easy Seafood Paella Macaroni and Cheddar Cheese

Today’s Events 2019 Symposium — Regulating Social Media Austin Hall Room 101, 12-1 p.m.

in The Real World Mormon Family Killed Close to US-Mexico Border

Spend your lunch today at Harvard Law School in Austin Hall room 101 for this year’s symposium on “Regulating Social Media!” Today’s panel will consist of Fordham Law professor Olivier Sylvain and Assistant Attorney General in the Consumer Protection Division of the Massachusetts Attorney General’s Office Jared Rinehimer. Swipe Right: Racial Preferences and Dating Emerson 305, 8-9:30 p.m. In Emerson 305 Harvard Sex Week is hosting a panel discussion about the role of racial preferences in modern dating culture. Bring questions to ask for the Q and A portion of the event! Trivia Night at Harvard Hillel 8-9:30 p.m. Come flex your trivia knowledge tonight at Harvard Hillel’s Trivia Night! Pizza and snacks will be provided.

Three women and six children from a Mormon family of dual United States and Mexican citizenship were killed close to the U.S.-Mexico border. Investigators are considering the possibility that this was a case of mistaken identity.

Polls Show Trump is Trailing Behind Top Democrats

Poll workers and city employees bring ballot boxes into the Cambridge Citywide Senior Center. kai r. mcnamee—Crimson photographer

Daily Briefing Harvard’s graduate student union announced Tuesday morning that it will strike if negotiations are unable to reach a contract with the University by Dec. 3. December 3 is the final day of classes for the fall semester, which means a potential strike would occur during reading and finals period. In other news, the Faculty of Arts and Sciences debated whether Harvard should divest its $40 billion endowment from the fossil fuel industry — among other possible responses to climate change — at its monthly meeting Tuesday.

A recent national ABC News-Washington Post poll shows that President Trump is falling even further behind Democratic candidates former Vice President Joe Biden, Senator Bernie Sanders (DVt.), and Senator Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) in the 2020 presidential race.

Man Dies After Popeyes Chicken Sandwich Incident

After two months out of stores, Popeyes chicken sandwich returned again Sunday. A fight broke out in a Maryland Popeyes when someone cut in line for the sandwich, and a man was stabbed to death outside of the restaurant.

Around the Ivies YALE One year after Yale graduate student Sarah Braasch faced scrutiny for calling campus police on a black student who was sleeping in her common room, Braasch filed a Freedom of Information Act request for the body camera footage of a Yale Police Department officer on the night of question in May of 2018, according to the Yale Daily News. A FOI Commission counsel will decide whether the university police must release the footage by July of 2020. If the university police are compelled to hand over the footage to Braasch, she pledged that she would release it publically to show her perspective of what happened that evening.


Columbia University’s Department of English and Comparative Literature is responding to the decline in humanities teaching opportunities across the nation, the Columbia Spectator reported. With its graduate students in mind, the department hosted a town hall and plans to hold a future seminar about alternative humanities-based careers. Eighty-four graduate students also wrote a letter addressing questions that had “given rise to some alarm.” The department also faces a decision about whether to shrink the number of students they admit, in line with national trends, in which case they would likely lose department resources as well.


At an environmental forum held at Princeton on Monday, panelists debated whether the university should divest from fossil fuels, according to the Daily Princetonian. A spokesperson for the university told the Daily Pennsylvanian that a council appointed by the university, tasked with evaluating divestment, previously considered fossil fuel divestment but ultimately decided that it “was not feasible and would not advance [the university’s] work where we can best make a lasting difference, through our research and teaching.”


The Harvard Crimson Kristine E. Guillaume President Angela N. Fu Managing Editor Charlie B. Zhu Business Manager

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Associate Managing Editor Jamie D. Halper ’20

Arts Chairs Kaylee S. Kim ’20 Caroline A. Tsai ’20

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Editorial Chairs Jessenia N. Class ’20 Robert Miranda ’20

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Story Editors Angela N. Fu ’20 Jamie D. Halper ’20

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Copyright 2019, The Harvard Crimson (USPS 236-560). No articles, editorials, cartoons or any part thereof appearing in The Crimson may be reproduced in any form without the express written permission of the President. The Associated Press holds the right to reprint any materials published in The Crimson. The Crimson is a non-profit, independent corporation, founded in 1873 and incorporated in 1967. Second-class postage paid in Boston, Massachusetts. Published Monday through Friday except holidays and during vacations, three times weekly during reading and exam periods by The Harvard Crimson Inc., 14 Plympton St., Cambridge, Mass. 02138 Weather icons made by Freepik, Yannick, Situ Herrera, OCHA, SimpleIcon, Catalin Fertu from is licensed by CC BY 3.0.

Corrections The Harvard Crimson is committed to accuracy in its reporting. Factual errors are corrected promptly on this page. Readers with information about errors are asked to e-mail the managing editor at

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THE HARVARD CRIMSON  |  November 6, 2019

Nobel Laureate Michael Kremer Discusses Research By Ethan Lee and Andy Z. Wang CONTRIBUTING Writers

Economics Professor and 2019 Nobel Laureate Michael R. Kremer ’85 shared insights into his personal journey as an economist and his experimental approach to alleviating global poverty with Harvard students during an event Tuesday afternoon at the Smith Campus Center. Hosted by the Harvard Center for International Development, the event drew more than 200 attendees to Harvard Commons to hear Kremer speak. Kremer is a member of the CID’s Faculty Advisory Council, which oversees the University-wide research center working on development challenges and solutions to global poverty. Kremer, along with MIT professors Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Duflo, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics last month for his research using experimental methods to explore the root causes of poverty in developing countries. CID Director Asim Khwaja introduced Kremer to the audience, noting how he serves as an example of how research can be used to “make a difference in the world.” “Michael is out there to save the world. Michael is one of the few academics I know who creates global public goods and im­

Economics Professor and 2019 Nobel Laureate in Economics Michael Kremer ’85 converses with students during an event in the Smith Campus Center Tuesday evening. Amy y. li—Crimson photographer

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pact,” Khwaja said. Kremer then kicked off the discussion by sharing how he got into the field of international developmental economics, which he attributed primarily to a sense of moral duty he felt as a result of his upbringing. “I had been interested in international development and cared about it. It’s in part because of how I was raised by my parents as a child, that we have obligations when there are injustices in the world to address them,” Kremer said. Kremer added that concentrating in Social Studies during his undergraduate career at Harvard helped tremendously in his future work, especially the concentration’s focus on interdisciplinary inquiry. After graduation, Kremer moved to Kenya, where he helped establish a program called WorldTeach to match Harvard students with schools in need of teachers. After completing his Ph.D. at MIT, Kremer returned to Kenya, where he observed that officials were introducing programs to schools at different rates. This inspired his experimental approach to economic research. “Part-way through you could compare the schools that had got a particular program to those that hadn’t,” Kremer said, explaining the officials’ process. “This may seem like basic logic to you, but this was not

that common at that time.” After concluding his own story, Kremer took questions from the audience. In response to a question about how researchers come up with “groundbreaking” ideas, Kremer said to focus on pursuing passions. “I would say choose something that you care about and that’s important,” he said. “‘Care about’ could be this puzzle that you just can’t get out of your head and you want to try to solve.” In an interview after the event, Kremer said he was excited to host the talk and interface with Harvard students. “There’s so many talented people in this community, so many people that genuinely care about these issues, and I wanted to be able to interact with them,” he said. “I’m grateful for, as I said, everything that I’ve learned as an undergraduate here, as a grad student here, as a faculty member.” Audience member Jeremiah H. Kim ’23 said he appreciated the opportunity to learn more about a contemporary economic issue. “I thought it was fantastic. It’s really interesting to see research meet reality, because often in academia those two things tend to separate, and it’s cool to see his life work reconcile those things together,” he said.

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Union Sets Dec. 3 Professors Debate Fossil Fuel Divestment Strike Deadline withhold the work that contributes to their own academic programs. The bargaining committee’s email encouraged members to begin preparing for a potential strike by speaking with their students and faculty members. It also recommended members join the picket line if a strike takes place. “In order to have strong, visible picket lines, it will be important to spend as close as possible to 20 hours on the line in lieu of working,” the email said. At least 95 faculty members have also signed an open letter pledging that they will not retaliate against striking student workers. Associate Provost Doreen Koretz and University Director of Labor and Employee Relations Paul R. Curran wrote in an email to faculty Oct. 15 — ahead of a vote to authorize a strike — that it is “critical” that faculty plan for how they would continue courses during a strike. HGSU represents roughly 5,000 graduate research assistants and student teaching staff at the University. More than 90 percent of the students who voted in a strike authorization vote

last month supported strike authorization. Tuesday’s announcement came days after the union held two town halls to update its members on the status of negotiations and make recommendations to student workers on how to navigate teaching and research responsibilities if a strike were to occur.

The University continues to approach these negotiations in good faith. Jonathan Swain University Spokesperson

HGSU and the University have remained at an impasse over several key issues in the more than year-old contract negotiations, including compensation, health insurance, and a grievance procedure for sexual harassment and discrimination complaints.

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Seven Incumbents Win City Elections candidates clustered toward the liberal end of the political spectrum, they remained sharply divided on issues like affordable housing and campaign finance reform. Affordable housing in particular has divided candidates and residents alike. A 100 percent affordable housing overlay was proposed in early 2019 and subsequently saw months of fiery debate from councilors, residents, and candidates before being tabled until next term. Maya E. Woods-Arthur ’23, a member of the Harvard College Democrats, said she selected Nicola A. Williams — who was ultimately unsuccessful in her bid for the council — as her first choice in part because of Williams’s endorsement from the group. She also said that her top issues included childcare accessibility, environmental policy, and the relationship between the city and Harvard. “I’m really passionate about universal childcare, climate change policy, and also making sure that Harvard and MIT pay their fair share in taxes,” she said. University spokesperson Brigid O’Rourke could not immediately be reached for com-

ment Tuesday night. O’Rourke has previously pointed to Harvard’s $4 million voluntary contribution to the city’s Payment in Lieu of Taxes program and more than $6 million contribution in taxes to Cambridge. Harvard Graduate School of Design student Patrick C. Braga said he voted for candidates endorsed by A Better Cambridge, including Mallon, McGovern, Siddiqui, Simmons, Sobrinho-Wheeler, and Toomey. He said he hopes to see the affordable housing overlay passed by the next council. “Affordable housing is one of those key urban policy issues that connects economic development, quality of life, inclusion,” he said. Challenger Derek A. Kopon, who lost his bid, said he intends on staying involved in city government. “I still plan to be involved,” Kopon said. “I think I highlighted some issues. I think I opened some people’s eyes to what’s going on in the city.” Callia A. Chuang and Jasper G. Goodman contributed reporting.

calls for divestment — offered a new reason for his stance Tuesday. He warned that divestment could provoke political backlash at a time when many view the University “skeptically.” “We need to be careful how we use our voice,” he said. “We don’t want to make it harder to solve this problem.” Bacow also defended the fossil fuel industry in his remarks, urging faculty not to paint all companies with a “broad brush.” Though five professors said they support the push to divest, three others said that alternative measures would be more appropriate. All eight stressed the urgency of addressing climate change, but those against divestment largely pointed toward teaching and research as the best mechanisms for the faculty to combat climate change. Bacow has previously said that Harvard must engage with fossil fuel companies to develop new technologies to address the crisis. But Astronomy professor Charles Conroy sought to counter that argument. “The idea of working in collaboration with the fossil fuel industry is dangerously naïve and counterproductive,” Conroy said. “As members of the Harvard faculty, we have a powerful platform to effect change. That means we also have a re-

sponsibility to use that power in extraordinary times. And these are extraordinary times.” Former Dean of the College and Computer Science professor Harry R. Lewis ’68 argued that the faculty has limited influence over the Corporation’s investment decisions, and instead should focus on promoteing teaching and research. “Someone could put a curricular motion on the table and we could vote on it,” he said. “If we wanted to make it happen, it would happen, whether the Corporation liked it or not.” Bacow also said at the meeting that faculty members should adjust their own lifestyles to be more ecologically friendly. Some faculty said after the meeting that Bacow went too far in calling on them to do so, in addition to their research. “It’s a cheap accusation. Nothing would ever change if everyone were held to that,” History professor Joyce E. Chaplin said. “What are we supposed to do? Go into the faculty meeting by candlelight?” University spokesperson Jonathan L. Swain declined to comment on Chaplin’s remarks. The faculty will resume discussion on divestment at its December meeting, Bacow said. Earlier in Tuesday’s meeting,

FAS Registrar Michael P. Burke presented a proposal to tweak existing legislation dictating the school’s schedule. The Faculty Council — FAS’s highest governing body — voted to approve the changes earlier this month. Burke outlined a report he had compiled assessing the impact of the College’s new schedule after approximately one year in effect, cautioning that we “need more time” to fully understand the impact of the changes, particularly after the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences moves to Allston in fall 2020. He said departments have not adequately spread their courses across all available time slots throughout the week. “We still see spikes in certain time slots and certain days,” Burke said. In response to Burke’s presentation, German professor Peter J. Burgard said he disagrees with the proposed legislation because he feels it is inflexible and limits departments’ ability to offer seminar-style classes. “What this leads to, as far as I can tell, is a collision or an infiltration of administrative interests on pedagogical principles, specifically in regard to once-aweek seminars,” Burgard said. “There are compelling pedagogical and intellectual reasons for once-a-week seminars.”

The Faculty will vote on Burke’s proposal at its December meeting. In her introductory remarks at Tuesday’s meeting, FAS Dean Claudine Gay addressed an Oct. 24 interaction between Harvard police and students of color attempting to install a class art exhibition in Harvard Yard. An HUPD officer questioned the students and requested to check their IDs, according to the report. After a back-and-forth between the professor, several University officials, and the officer, the students were given permission to hang the project on a construction fence in the Yard. An FAS report released Sunday found the police did not exhibit “malicious intent” during the interaction, but dozens of faculty members sent an open letter to administrators denouncing HUPD’s response shortly after the incident. At Tuesday’s meeting, Gay called the incident “painful” and praised the faculty members’ activism. “I was proud that members of our faculty used their voices to identify a situation that didn’t align with our academic priorities and institutional values,” Gay said.

Transformative coverage.

The Crimson

THE HARVARD CRIMSON  |  November 6, 2019

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Editorial The Crimson Editorial board


The College Exclusivity Act

The Militarization of the Pacific


ast month, United States Representative Elise M. Stefanik ’06 (R-N.Y.) criticized Harvard’s sanctions against single-gender social organizations during a committee hearing on the College Affordability Act. Calling the sanctions discriminatory, she spoke up in support of a proposed amendment to the legislation that would legally require “non-retaliation against students of single-sex social organizations.” It puzzles us that the College Afford-

But despite criticism, we still believe this conversation should be held in Cambridge, not Washington. ability Act was deemed an appropriate time to discuss these sanctions. The wealth harbored in final clubs and their extended networks would seem to have almost nothing in common with the topic of reduced college admissions. And using legislative mechanisms to protect that wealth would seem contradictory at best to the legislation’s broader effort to make a college education more universally accessible. In light of that tension, we are concerned that other factors beyond the amendment’s sheer merit were behind its insertion into the proposed legislation. Given that final clubs have flexed their political muscle in seeking protection from the government before, this

amendment seems to be evidence of their continued use of wealth and entrenched power to engage yet again in special-interest lobbying for the purpose of promoting their own interests. To be sure, as we have written previously, the sanctions are not perfect — particularly in terms of the clarity of their motivations and implementation. The administration’s cited motives have shifted between sexual misconduct to gender exclusivity over the years. And though we appreciate Dean of the College Rakesh Kharana’s letter to the editor published Monday, it leaves unresolved questions we’ve had about the effectiveness of enforcement. Finally, we’ve continued to worry that the University has done a disservice to single-gender organizations offering membership to historically marginalized groups throughout this process of sanctioning. But despite this criticism, we still believe this conversation should be held in Cambridge, not Washington. We find it almost ironic that, having lost the battle to protect clubs on campus and in the administration, final clubs have now taken their case to the U.S. House of Representatives. The fact that these predominantly wealthy so-called club “gentlemen” may well have managed to commandeer the College Affordability Act through plausible lobbying only speaks more loudly to the massive political and economic power these groups still command. University policy cannot be dictated

by the national political mite of its most wealthy former members, especially not on a scale beyond the scope of the institution itself. All colleges across the U.S. should have the ability to decide campus matters such as these for themselves without the intervention of Congress. These discussions require a deep awareness of specific campus circumstances, dynamics, and structures of power. Moreover, they require engagement from multiple groups within a campus

The U.S. House of Representatives cannot be a clubhouse; final club alumni need to pack their bags and leave the capital on this matter. community, not merely the ones with the resources to mount a lobbying effort. The U.S. House of Representatives cannot be a clubhouse; final club alumni need to pack their bags and leave the capital on this matter. This staff editorial solely represents the majority view of The Crimson Editorial Board. It is the product of discussions at regular Editorial Board meetings. In order to ensure the impartiality of our journalism, Crimson editors who choose to opine and vote at these meetings are not involved in the reporting of articles on similar topics.

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Don’t Forget About Plants After the Leaves Fall By Benjamin E. Goulet-scott and Jacob S. Suissa


e live and work in one of the most spectacular places in North America to experience the dramatic final act of deciduous tree leaves. From Connecticut to Maine, the scarlet and brass of autumn in New England is filling Airbnbs with leaf-peeping tourists and Instagram feeds with splashes of foliar color. For many people the ephemeral boundary between summer and winter may be the only point in the year when time and attention is specifically directed toward plants. Plants are inextricably tied to all aspects of human life. They convert carbon dioxide into the energy that fuels the global food web, provide raw materials for our buildings and clothes, created the fossil fuels that facilitated massive economic growth (but must now be replaced), and produce much of the oxygen we breathe. And yet, in our culture, there is a widespread habit of ignoring plants in the environment. This phenomenon has been named “plant blindness,” and almost certainly contributes to dwindling resources directed toward plant education, science, and conservation. Remember, the biosphere depends on the functions performed by plants — they are the biological pillars upon which all ecosystems are built. What’s bad for plants is bad for us. However, in order to rectify plant-blindness it’s critical that we think deeper than concern for our own well-being and recognize that plants, intricate and beautiful organisms, hold intrinsic value. The plant lineage, including photosynthetic organisms ranging from single celled algae to the tallest trees in the world, is incredibly diverse and spans roughly 1.2 billion years of evolution. From our experience teaching courses on biodiversity, we’ve noticed that most people intuitively underestimate the scale of plant diversity, while simultaneously overestimating the relative diversi-

ty of animal groups. For instance, it may surprise you to learn that there are more described species of ferns (about 12,000) than of birds (about 11,000). In total, land plants encompass roughly 300,000 species, and this diversity is mirrored by their ecological and morphological variability. Through a long, independent evolutionary history, natural selection has produced a plant body plan that is fundamentally different from our invariable and symmetrical animal bodies. Plants come in an enormous range of shapes and sizes, from tiny, unicellular alga to the most massive single organism on the planet. They can be found in all but the most extreme ecosystems. In fact, plant community composition is used to define many ecosystems. Plants are biochemically complex as well, and the source of hundreds of drugs that improve human health. The breadth of ecological and evolutionary diversity is astounding, but learning more about plants need not be a daunting task. For many people, the first step to increasing plant awareness is learning to parse the assemblage of plants that are close at hand and matching names to species. We recommend a free app called “Seek” from iNaturalist. Taking advantage of iNaturalist’s massive image database, Seek applies a computer vision model to live images from your phone’s camera to identify species in real time. It can identify wild-growing native species as well as exotic houseplants living on the window sill. Fortunately, bizarre and fascinating plants are not restricted to the Amazon basin, Atacama desert, or the Alaskan tundra. There are plants right here on Harvard’s campus with biology and history that may surprise you. Three such species grow outside the Harvard University Herbaria, which, along with the Arnold Arboretum, make up the home of plant science at Harvard. Outside the front doors of the herbarium grows New England’s only native species of cactus, Eastern Prick-

ly Pear (Opuntia humifusa), which produces massive yellow flowers and edible red fruit. A native cactus in New England may seem odd, but nearby woodlands also host native parasitic plants, carnivorous plants, and orchids. Standing close by is the Dawn Redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides), representing a genus of trees that were first described from fossils and believed to be extinct until Chinese botanists discovered a small living population in the 1940s. Harvard’s Arnold Arboretum sponsored a 1947 expedition that collected the first seeds of this ‘living fossil’ for institutions outside of China. Directly behind the herbarium stand two massive, coniferous Yew shrubs (Taxus sp.). Yew is interesting for its strange red, berry-like cone (very different from the woody cones of most conifers), as well as its important ethnobotanical history. This plant synthesizes a compound called paclitaxel that has proven to be effective in battling several cancers, and is included on the World Health Organization’s “List of Essential Medicines.” Thousands of other species growing in New England await our curiosity. Plants were among the first organisms to colonize the terrestrial world, and they transformed a relatively barren planet into a lush set of ecosystems populated by millions of species, including ourselves. They are the glue that holds our fragile world together, and they must be noticed and protected. The curtains of orange, yellow, and red that envelop our world this season are both more important and more fascinating than many realize. Alleviating plant blindness is a critical and underappreciated step in promoting habitat restoration, biodiversity conservation, climate change mitigation, and cultural well-being. —Benjamin E. Goulet-Scott is a fifth-year graduate student in Organismic and Evolutionary Biology. Jacob S. Suissa is a third-year graduate student in Organismic and Evolutionary Biology.

Gabrielle T. Langkilde pasefika presence


rowing up in American Samoa, I was constantly surrounded by the United States military. They were at family gatherings, with many family members reminiscing about their times at boot camp or out in the field. The military was at school, with recruiters sizing students up, assessing our Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery test scores, and bombarding us with all of the “opportunities” the military has to offer. And the military was just five minutes away from my house, with their base being located at the heart of our island — surrounded by our only airport, our only stadium, and our largest high school. It’s hard not to feel obligated to join the military — hard not to feel like it’s your “duty” to serve. When it is constantly presented to you as your best option, or rather your only option, what other choice do you have? The simple answer is that you don’t — or at least it feels like we aren’t given any other alternative. This pervasion of the military into almost every aspect of life in American Samoa dates back to even before its cession to the U.S. In fact, the primary reason why the U.S. even wanted to cede the eastern half of the Samoan Archipelago in 1900 was because of the unique shape of Pago Pago harbor and its potential military advantages. But even before this, in 1899, the U.S. had already built the United States Naval Station Tutuila in Pago Pago harbor, physically establishing their military presence on the islands. And after the cession, the United States Navy literally assumed rule over American Samoa from 1900 to 1951, with the commandant of the naval station also serving as the American Samoan governor. During World War II, after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the U.S. even built several canon-like guns in the beautiful

With this pervasiveness of the U.S. military in our homes, our schools, and our daily lives, the idea that joining the military proves our worth as a people — that it is our “duty” — gets continuously reinforced into the minds of the people of the Pacific. mountains surrounding the harbor in the name of safety and military strategy. So with a government historically established by the U.S. military with a purely militaristic agenda, is it really such a wonder why this pervasion exists? But this pervasion of the U.S. military is definitely not unique to American Samoa — it is evident throughout the Pacific. The U.S. military has three major bases in Guam, with about 7,000 troops and nearly one third of its land occupied by the military. In Hawaii, there exists one of the largest concentration of U.S. military bases in the entire country, with close to 50,000 military personnel assigned there and rising each year. And in the Federated States of Micronesia, which became an independent island nation from the U.S. in 1986, there are more Army recruits per capita than any U.S. state, with recruiters visiting local high schools and signing students up by the dozen. With this pervasiveness of the U.S. military in our homes, our schools, and our daily lives, the idea that joining the military proves our worth as a people — that it is our “duty” — gets continuously reinforced into the minds of the people of the Pacific. So to my friends, family, and members of the Pasefika community who were and are in the military, please do not take this piece as a criticism of your personal decision to enlist. I understand your valid reasons for joining — such as taking care of your families, getting out of financial struggles, or even just seeing it as one of the best options for yourself after school. And it would be naive for me not to recognize some of the opportunities and benefits that the military has provided for many people back home, my own family members included. So I applaud your decision to take action and put yourselves in better positions for providing for yourselves and/or your families, and for wanting the same for generations after you. But at the same time, we do have to recognize that it becomes a problem when our people are widely overrepresented in the U.S. military — with an overrepresentation of 649 percent in 2005 — yet make up tiny percentages in higher education. It becomes a problem when recruitment rates for Pacific Island people into the military are higher than our college retention rates. And it becomes a problem when the narratives of our people are reduced to the stories of our military occupation rather than our unique histories and beautiful cultures. Why are our military recruiting pathways more accessible than our pathways to higher education? Why is it easier for us to see ourselves in camouflage suits with guns than in classrooms with pen and paper? While it’s hard to see past the military because of its omnipresence in our lives, we need to understand the military is not our only option and that we belong in spaces outside of the army or the navy or the air force. We belong — and are in fact desperately needed — in higher education and other professional spaces, and those pathways need to be made more accessible to us. —Gabrielle T. Langkilde ’21, a Crimson Editorial editor, is a joint concentrator in Sociology and Studies of Women, Gender, and Sexuality in Eliot House. Her column appears on alternate Wednesdays.

Page 5


At JFK Forum, Westover Speaks About Education By cHARLES XU and NATHAN W. ZHAO Contributing WriterS

Tara Westover, author of the New York Times bestseller “Educated: A Memoir,” discussed the value of education in today’s political climate at the Harvard Kennedy School Tuesday evening. Westover is currently a fellow at the Shorenstein Center for Media, Politics, and Public Policy as this year’s A.M. Rostenthal Writer-in-Residence and writes, teaches student workshops, and interacts with University affiliates. In conversation with Shorenstein Center director Nancy R. Gibbs, Westover described her experience growing up in a Mormon household, and spoke about bridging ideological and class divides in the United States through education. “In my mind at least, education is the ultimate privilege,” Westover said. “The fact that you have access to all these different ideas, that you are able to have right-minded ideas about things, you have to decide, ‘What are you going to do then in the face of ignorance?’” Westover said that with the ­

Tara Westover, author of “Educated,” speaks with Nancy Gibbs, director of the Shorenstein Center at the IOP JFK Jr. Forum on Tuesday night. STEVE S. LI—CONTRIBUTING photographer

BACOW From Page 1

Antigua and Barbuda Prime Minister Calls for Reparations the enslaved individuals that contributed to Harvard Law School’s founding. Bacow said he considers the memorial’s establishment — along with the removal of the Law School’s seal containing the Royall family crest in 2016 — to be in “significant steps” toward acknowledging Harvard’s history, but noted the need for additional work. “We recognize that there is more work to be done,” Bacow wrote. “Indeed, Harvard is determined to take additional steps to explore this institution’s historical relationship with slavery and the challenging moral questions that arise when confronting past injustices and their legacies. Harvard is also committed to working with other educational institutions to study slavery and its legacy.” Browne’s letter comes as Harvard has increasingly been forced to reckon with its ties to slavery in recent years. In March, Tamara K. Lanier filed a lawsuit claiming that the University possessed and profited from daguerreotypes of her ancestors that are believed to be the oldest existing photographs of American slaves. The letter also notes that Sir Ronald M. Sanders, Antigua and Barbuda’s Ambassador to

the United States, has previously written two letters to Harvard — one addressed to Bacow in November 2018 and the other to former University President Drew G. Faust in October 2016. Those letters also outlined demands for reparations to be contributed to education in Antigua and Barbuda. “Ambassador Sanders pointed out that, consequently, the reputation that Harvard enjoys internationally is intertwined with the dark legacy of Royall’s Antigua slaves who died in oppression, uncompensated for their lives in slavery and their death in cruelty,” Browne wrote in his letter. “In this context, he sought a genuine effort by Harvard to make amends to the people of Antigua for the gains Harvard enjoyed at the expense of their kinfolk. “Specifically, in his letter to you of 26 November 2018, Ambassador Sanders proposed assistance from Harvard to Antigua and Barbuda in the field of education as a form of making amends to the country,” Browne added. Browne reiterated Sanders’ argument that education is crucial for the future development of Antigua and Barbuda and asked that reparations be directed to the University of

West Indies at Five Islands. He proposed a meeting between University officials and Antigua and Barbuda government representatives to reach an agreement. University spokesperson Jonathan L. Swain provided The Crimson with a copy of a reply to Sanders’ 2016 letter from Faust’s former Chief of Staff Lars P.K. Madsen. In the reply, Madsen wrote that Harvard Law School had already taken steps to address its relationship to slavery, including retiring its seal. He also noted that the University continued to commission research into its ties to slavery. Harvard Law School spokesperson Jeff Neal referred The Crimson to the University’s comment. Several higher education institutions including the University of Glasgow in the United Kingdom and the Princeton Theological Seminary have already committed reparations to Antigua and Barbuda to compensate for their historical ties to slavery in the Carribean, according to Browne’s letter. Bacow’s response did not indicate whether Harvard planned to follow suit.

rise of polarization in American politics, the goal of education is to cultivate an individual who can understand and evaluate others’ viewpoints fairly. “Is your education going to make you arrogant? Is it going to make you persuasive?” Westover asked. “Is it going to give you the curiosity you need to understand someone in order to really talk to that person and move their mind a little bit?” She added that people should be careful not to attack those they disagree with, but instead argue against the ideas they find to be troublesome. “It has to be possible to attack prejudiced ideas without attacking human beings or reducing them to that one thing. That has to be possible,” Westover said. Gibbs and Westover also talked about the state of both the Democratic and Republican party in recent years. “I worry that we’ve lost our tolerance for ideological difference,” Westover said, referring to current political tensions. The First-Year Experience Office assigned Westover’s book to freshmen as required reading prior to arriving on campus this fall. After her conversation with

Gibbs, Westover took questions from the crowd, some of which came from freshmen. In response to a question about the role of religion in her life, Westover said she chose not to subscribe to another formalized religion after leaving her family, but has continued to think about how faith shapes the way she understands education. “Religion is an interest of mine, but I’m not Mormon, and I haven’t ever replaced those beliefs with any other kind of formalized religion,” Westover said. “I think education and faith actually have a lot in common in that sense, when I think about what education is and reading stories that are not your story.” Vishal Vasanthakumar, a student at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, said he identified with Westover’s memoir and insights during the conversation in his own academic work studying education philosophy and policy. “A big reason, but certainly why I’m here at the education school... I’m thinking deeply about the philosophy of education and purposes,” Vasanthakumar said. “It was like meeting my hero.”

Disability Rights Activist Stresses Advocacy Need By maria g. gonzalez Contributing Writer

Disability rights activist Judith E. Heumann called for private and public institutions to include the perspectives of disabled individuals in discussions about diversity and equality at the Harvard Kennedy School Tuesday. Heumann — who has worked in multiple presidential administrations as well as at the World Bank — spoke about her formative experiences in the 1960s as a college student with disabilities, a time when there was little support for disabled individuals.

The American Dream was not going to come our way. Judith E. Heumann Disability Rights Activist

“There was no disabled students service office,” she said. “There were disabled students services offices which were beginning in colleges around the United States, but nothing where we were, nothing at Brooklyn College.” As other marginalized groups gained civil rights and public attitudes began to change, Heumann said people

with disabilities did not share in the progress. “The Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, failed to include disabled people,” she said. “The American Dream was not going to come our way because of all the acts of discrimination that were occuring. And people weren’t being called [discriminatory],” she added. After college, Heumann attempted to pursue a career in teaching, but New York City denied her a license because she used a wheelchair. Heumann sued the city’s Board of Education and an out-of-court settlement allowed her to become the first wheelchair user to teach in the city’s schools. Harvard Kennedy School graduate Sara Minkara, who introduced Heumann at the event, highlighted the activist’s influence on policymakers around the world. “I’ve met with so many leaders, whether it’s ambassadors, senators, heads of state,” Minkara said. “Judy is the woman that’s impacted their lives and helped them rethink, and understand, and see the value of inclusion of people with disabilities — whether locally, nationally, or internationally.” Despite what she sees as progress in social attitudes toward disabled individuals, Heumann argued more work remains to be done.“I think dis-

ability is still pretty invisible,” she said. “I think there are difficult issues that need to be discussed.” Attendee Javier Rivera, a graduate student at Boston University, said he agrees that disability is omitted from broader discussions about diversity.

I think disability is still pretty invisible. Judith E. Heumann Disability Rights Activist

“I think diversity is becoming a huge buzzword, but as Judy highlighted, disability is often left out of the conversation,” Rivera said. “We’re so focused on race, class, sex, sexual orientation — and being someone who represents a lot of those, I understand where they come from — but I think often times disability is left out.” Minkara praised Heumann’s character, saying she has “one of the biggest hearts of anyone she has met. “Judy is an icon, a force to be reckoned with,” Minkara said. “She empowers so many people, not just me.” “And she supports them, and she gives them guidance in terms of how to pursue their own potential unknown value,” she added.

stubbs From Page 1

FAS Forms Oversight Bodies for Research One of the new committees is a University-wide body tasked with conducting “special” reviews of sensitive collaborations, according to Stubbs. Administered through the Provost’s office, the group also includes representatives from FAS, the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard Medical School, and the Office of the General Counsel. The other committee, which Stubbs said FAS Dean Claudine Gay established to recommend changes to FAS’s procudures, will examine the administration of federal research grants. Stubbs outlined multiple proposals the FAS committee has already recommended. In addition to requiring faculty to complete online training centered on grant compliance, the committee recommends mandating that all research proposals be submitted to Harvard’s grant administration system for a “full internal review,” at least five days before the grant’s deadline. The FAS committee has also asked that Harvard seek out an external consultant to “fully delineate roles and responsibilities” between FAS, the central administration, academic departments, and individual faculty members. Stubbs

Never miss a moment.

did not clarify in his Tuesday remarks what roles and responsibilities the external consultant would oversee. He asked faculty for their “cooperation” as the University ramps up its scrutiny and urged them to fully disclose all “external intellectual commitments and partnerships.s”

The deliberations are grounded in a strong endorsement of the fundamental principles of freedom of scholarly inquiry. Christopher Stubbs Sciences Division Dean

“The deliberations are grounded in a strong endorsement of the fundamental principles of freedom of scholarly inquiry, on the free exchange of people and ideas, and continuing our international partnerships. However, we also appreciate the importance of fulfilling our responsibilities as recipients of taxpayer funding.”

The Crimson @thecrimson


Weekly Recap


WOMEN’S Basketball vs. N. ILLINOIS W, 59-53 ___________________________________________________________

woMen’s ICE HOCKEY VS. YALE W, 5-2 ___________________________________________________________

MEN’S WATER POLO Vs. NO. 18 PRINCETON W, 10-6 ___________________________________________________________

FIELD HOCKEY Vs. DARTMOUTH W, 7-1 ___________________________________________________________

MEN’S WATER POLO vs. IONA W, 16-7 ___________________________________________________________

MEN’S SOCCER VS. DARTMOUTH L, 3-1 ___________________________________________________________

WOMEN’S VOLLEYBALL VS. YALE W, 3-1 ___________________________________________________________

Men’s Basketball

Men’s Basketball Opens Season Cruising Past MIT By LEV COHEN Crimson Staff Writer

Harvard men’s basketball crushed the Massachusetts Institute of Technology 8427 in its season opener Tuesday night, a margin of victory that tied a program record set in 1946 against Northeastern. Freshman guard Idan Tretout’s layup with four seconds left matched the 57-point record, serving as the biggest moment of intrigue in the game. Freshman forward Chris Ledlum led the Crimson with 13 points and 11 rebounds while Christian Juzang chipped in 12 points. All but one of Harvard’s 13 active players got at least a bucket. After kicking off the 2017 and 2018 seasons with somewhat tight victories over the Engineers, it became clear early that this year’s win over the Division III program would be more comfortable for the Crimson. MIT scored its fourth point a little over a minute and a half into the game and then didn’t put points on the board again for over 12 and a half minutes as Harvard strung together a 21-0 run to take a 25-4 lead. It was not the Crimson’s only big run of the game. After MIT scored the opening points of the second half to cut Harvard’s lead to 33-12, the Crimson ripped off a 20-0 run, this one over a span of just six minutes as the offense started to roll. After a mistake-riddled first half in which Harvard shot just 41% from the floor and turned the ball over 14 times, the team cleaned up its offense in the second stanza, shooting 71% from the floor and outscoring the Engineers 51-17.

“I thought we were able to get to the basket a little bit more in the second half,” head coach Tommy Amaker said. “I thought we wore them down. Maybe things became a little less of a challenge for us in the second half. We put a lot of pressure in them and a younger team and so I thought that [there were] breakdowns by their team, but we took advantage of it which is what we’re supposed to do.” The Crimson held an opposing team under 40 points for the first time since it defeated MIT 59-39 in 2015. MIT, which graduated its top three scorers from last season, started just one player who averaged more than four points per game last season, and the inexperience showed on Tuesday. The Engineers turned the ball over 29 times, and while some of those giveaways were the result of good defensive plays, especially from senior forward Rob Baker who notched three steals and four emphatic blocks, many others were of the self-inflicted variety. “I know it’s an exhibition game, but, you know, we were taking this very, very seriously,” Juzang said. “Obviously we talked a lot about how this could be a very special year so we’re kind of approaching everything in that manner, regardless of who we’re playing.” Harvard cruised without the services of four regular members of its rotation, including star seniors Seth Towns and Bryce Aiken, who are the best bets to lead the team in scoring this season. Aiken is day-to-day, while Towns is still recover-

A DOMINANT NIGHT The Crimson cruised to a win over the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in its season opener on Tuesday night tIMOTHY r. o’meara—Crimson photographer

ing from a knee injury suffered in the 2018 Ivy League Tournament final and his projected timetable for return is uncertain. The blowout allowed Amaker to distribute playing time fairly evenly up and down the roster. All 13 Crimson players played between six and 24 minutes, as Amaker was able to play exclusively freshmen for the game’s final six minutes.

“I was happy that we were able to do that,” Amaker said. “I thought that they did a nice job of playing defense without fouling for the most part and being unselfish on the offensive end and doing what they’re supposed to do and not look at it as a — whatever the lead was and we should play a certain way now. A huge sign of maturity when you have players that will do that.” Freshman forward Tim

Kostolansky led the way for MIT with eight points and seven rebounds off the bench, as nobody else scored more than five points for the Engineers, who shot 1-of-14 from beyond the arc and 4-of-12 from the free throw line. Harvard will return to action Friday night when it faces Northeastern in what should be a much more competitive game. The Huskies defeated the

Crimson 81-71 last season an d are coming off a season-opening victory at Boston University. Northeastern’s star senior guard Jordan Roland, who came off the bench to score 35 points against Harvard last season, put up 39 against the Terriers on Tuesday night and will look to continue his dominant play against the Crimson.

Women’s Soccer

Women’s Soccer Leauge Shuts out Dartmouth Team By Lev cohen Crimson Staff Writer

Harvard women’s soccer, propelled by two early goals, defeated Dartmouth 2-0 on a chilly Saturday afternoon. But the league’s other fixtures did not go the Crimson’s way on Saturday, as the combination of Yale’s loss at Columbia and Brown’s controversial win over Penn in the dying moments of double-overtime allowed the Bears to clinch the Ivy League championship on the season’s second-to-last weekend. Harvard (12-3, 5-1 Ivy) pounced early, scoring on its

first shot to jump out to what proved to be an insurmountable lead. In the game’s third minute, sophomore midfielder Sophie Hirst found an open Gabby DelPico 25 yards from the goal. The quick-footed freshman forward took a touch and fired over Brown’s junior goalie Mariel Gordon, who appeared surprised by DelPico’s quick release. It was the Brockton, Mass. native’s third league goal and her seventh overall. Four minutes later, the Crimson made it 2-0. DelPico found an open Meg Tveit on the left wing, and the senior midfielder quickly slotted the ball in

to freshman forward Angela Caloia in the box. Caloia held off a defender with her back to goal before creating an inch of space and firing past Gordon into the top right corner. It was a tidy finish to an incisive team move by the Italian U19 National Team forward, who picked up her second league goal. “We’ve been working on crossing and kind of getting that front post run, and usually it’s a decoy, but this time Meg had a beautiful ball in and it was just a turn and finish,” Caloia said. “Honestly I don’t really remember [my thought process] but it felt really good and I think

the second goal really shifted the momentum.” Tveit, who had not started since a September 8 victory over Northwestern, had a lot of success on that left flank in the first half as she was often left wide open by a Dartmouth defense that appeared to prioritize shutting down attacks up the middle of the field. “I think just taking that space, keeping that width is really important for us, so there was a lot of space and it was a fun time,” Tveit said. “I haven’t played a lot, so being able to go out there and play for my team was important.”

STILL FIGHTING The women’s soccer team shut out Dartmouth this past weekend; however, the squad was nonetheless eliminated from championship contention quinn g. perini—Crimson photographer

Once Harvard was up 2-0, it seemed unlikely that the Big Green (9-6-1, 0-5-1) would be able to get back into the game. But while Dartmouth was unable to add to its paltry total of three league goals on Saturday, the Big Green did begin to control the game after Harvard’s early onslaught, showing off the attacking potential that led to 29 goals in 10 non-conference games. “They didn’t really have any breakaways, they didn’t really have any clear-cut chances,” head coach Chris Hamblin said. “They had a lot of really good half-chances at our defense that [senior goalie] Kat [Hess] made some nice saves on. I’m just so proud of the way the team was able to defend, although it looked hairy at times. But that’s who we are, and we have to be ok with that.” After the Crimson took five of the game’s first six shots, Dartmouth outshot the Crimson 12-4 in the game’s final 75 minutes and 7-1 in the second half. Freshman forward Allie Winstanley, in particular, looked threatening, cutting in dangerously and blazing shots high and wide on two separate occasions. But Winstanley, who scored nine goals in 10 non-conference games, remained scoreless in Ivy League play, making it six games and 19 shots without a league goal. In the second half, Harvard’s tendency to play the ball out from the back nearly cost it. Crimson defenders were caught on the ball a handful of times and played a few dangerous passes that led to Dartmouth chances. But the defense largely shut down the Big Green, and Hess did the rest, earning Harvard its fourth clean sheet in six league games. “I think as Dartmouth pushed on a little bit more we had to play quicker through those times,” Hamblin said. “There were certainly times

we could have done a little better, certainly times we could have skipped it, but I think we kept the ball well enough to keep them at bay.” The Big Green remain winless in Ivy League play this season, and this was yet another in a series of close defeats for Dartmouth, which has conceded just 10 goals in six league games and has not lost by more than two goals. “Their record in Ivy League play is not fair because they’ve lost to Princeton in overtime, they’ve lost by a goal to Brown,” Hamblin said. “They’ve really been a really competitive group and they’ve just been missing that final punch. I’m glad they didn’t find that rhythm today, but I’ve got a ton of respect for them.” While the game was not the walk in the park it seemed set to be early on, the Crimson held serve on Saturday, keeping it in the hunt for a league title until later in the evening. But Yale (11-4, 4-2) lost to Columbia and Brown (13-1-1, 6-0) then edged Penn with a penalty kick with 30 seconds left in the second and final overtime, rendering the final games of the season moot. The referee’s decision to award a penalty kick for a handball was vigorously appealed by Penn’s sideline, to no avail. Had Yale defeated Columbia, a Bulldogs victory over Brown and a Harvard defeat of Columbia would have created a threeteam tie for first and given the Crimson a chance to win on a tiebreak. With Yale’s loss, a Brown loss and Harvard win will create a two-team tie atop the league standings, with the Bears holding the tiebreaker thanks to their win over the Crimson earlier this season. While the stakes are not quite what they might have been, Harvard will face Columbia (9-3-3, 3-1-2) next Saturday in the hopes of posting its best Ivy League finish since 2016.

Profile for The Harvard Crimson

The Harvard Crimson - Volume CXLVI, No. 119  

The Harvard Crimson - Volume CXLVI, No. 119