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The Harvard Crimson The University Daily, Est. 1873  | Volume CXLVI No. 54  |  Cambridge, Massachusetts  |  Wednesday, April 17, 2019

editorial PAGE 6

news PAGE 3

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Harvard should engage in thoughtful discourse with student protestors

University holds conference on mental health for students of color

Men’s baseball sets sights on repeat Beanpot championship

By ALexandra A. Chaidez and Aidan F. Ryan Crimson Staff Writers

University President Lawrence S. Bacow said in an interview Friday that he is confident Harvard is on the right side of the law in a lawsuit alleging that Harvard unlawfully possesses and profits off two photographs of American slaves that are believed to be the oldest of their kind in existence. Tamara K. Lanier filed the lawsuit against Harvard on March 20, alleging that the University illegally maintains the daguerreotypes, which she says depicts her great-great-great grandfather, Renty, and his daughter, Delia. She also alleges that Harvard played a role in perpetuating slavery. Harvard biologist Louis Agassiz commissioned the photos in the 19th century in an attempt to prove a theory of white superiority, according to the complaint. Bacow took issue with Lanier’s claims that the school has “refused” to acknowledge its ties to the American slave trade and was profiting off of the images.

Though the University has yet to file a formal response to the claims, Bacow defended Harvard’s position, referencing former University President Drew G. Faust’s efforts to recognize Harvard’s complicity in slavery in an interview Friday. In 2016, Faust, along with United States Representative John R. Lewis (D-Ga.), dedicated a plaque to four enslaved persons who lived and worked on campus in the 18th century. She also accepted a Harvard Law School committee’s recommendation to remove the school’s seal, which included the Royall family crest. Isaac Royall, Jr., whose family owned slaves in the 18th century, helped endow Harvard’s first law professorship. “The suggestion that Harvard has failed to acknowledge its past links, or to engage on these issues, it’s just not true,” Bacow said. Bacow said the images were displayed with the intent to illustrate the slaves’ humanity. “The way in which the University displayed the images of

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Percentage of Underrepresented Minority Faculty

Bacow Counters FAS Sciences Struggle with Diversity Underrepresented Minority Faculty in the Sciences Photo Litigation 16% 12% 8% 4% 0%







By jonah S. Berger and Ruth A. Hailu Crimson Staff Writers

Though much of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences has seen recent increases in the proportion of underrepresented minority tenure and tenure-track faculty, the Sciences division continues to lag behind. Students and faculty say this lack of diversity limits the perspective that faculty can add to their research, teaching, and mentorship and leaves minority students — and prospective faculty members — feeling they do ­

not belong. Administrators acknowledge that more work remains to be done, but say they believe they are making progress in both recruitment and retainment. An annual report on faculty diversity released last week shows that the proportion of tenured faculty in the Sciences who identify as Hispanic, African American, or Native American has remained at 5 percent when compared to 2015, whereas the rest of FAS has grown. And unlike in the Arts and Humanities, Social Sciences, and School of Engineering and Ap-

Crimson Staff Writers

Virginia L. Giuffre sued Harvard Law School Professor Emeritus Alan M. Dershowitz for defamation in federal court Tuesday, claiming he falsely accused her of perjury after she implicated him in a sex ring operated by billionaire Harvard donor Jeffrey E. Epstein. Giuffre, formerly known as Virginia Roberts, first brought allegations against Dershowitz in court in 2015, when she claimed that Epstein, a convicted sex offender, forced her to have sexual relations with Dershowitz multiple times starting at age 16. She is seeking a trial by jury in her defamation suit and at least $75,000 in damages. Dershowitz has denied the allegations repeatedly, stating that he does not know Giuffre. ­

City Councilor E. Denise Simmons speaks about an affrodable housing zoning proposal at a meeting at Cambridge City Hall Tuesday evening. Quinn G. Perini—Crimson photographer

Divinity Students Call for Ragab to be Tenured A group of Harvard Divinity School students have joined undergraduates in criticizing the school’s decision to deny Associate Professor Ahmed Ragab tenure in a letter to University President Lawrence S. Bacow, University Provost Alan M. Garber ’76, and Divinity School Dean David N. Hempton this week. Ragab is the first Muslim faculty member to come up for tenure at the Divinity School, according to the letter. In the letter, members of the Harvard Divinity School Students Association praised Ragab’s teaching and mentorship of students from underrepresented groups. They asked the Divinity School to review his tenure process and reconsider him, citing the school’s mission of “building a world in which people can live and work together across religious and cultural divides.” “We strongly believe that Inside this issue

Harvard Today 2




plied Sciences, the proportion of tenure-track faculty from underpresented minorities in the Sciences has fallen — from 10 percent to 3 percent — from 2015 to 2018. As of Sept. 1, 2018, just one out of 31 tenure-track faculty members in the Sciences self-reported as an underrepresented minority. Recent hires have brought that figure up to four, according to Dean of Sciences Christopher Stubbs. Still, over the 15-year period highlighted in last week’s report, the proportion of underrepresented minorities in the

Alan Dershowitz Argues Innocence By Connor W. K. Brown and Molly C. MCCAfferty

Crimson Staff Writers


the denial of tenure to Professor Ragab is antithetical to the vision of this institution,” the students wrote. Multiple members of HDSSA’s board did not respond to request for comment or declined to discuss the letter. The HDSSA letter is the second large-scale student statement sent to administrators about Ragab since his tenure denial. Last week, hundreds of students and alumni signed a letter denouncing the Divinity School’s decision and calling on the Faculty of Arts and Sciences — where Ragab holds an affiliate position — to put Ragab up for tenure review. The undergraduates’ and alumni’s letter said Ragab is the first scholar at the Divinity School in a decade to be denied a full professorship without receiving a review from an ad hoc tenure committee. Both letters pointed to Ragab’s scholarly contributions, contending that he is the “most published” professor of any who

See RAGAB Page 3

News 3

Editorial 6






margot E. Shang—Crimson Designer


By Jonah S. Berger and Molly C. MCCAfferty


He has also publicly called on Giuffre and Sarah Ransome — another woman who alleged in a separate suit that Epstein directed her to have sex with Dershowitz — to repeat their claims publicly so he can sue them for defamation. “Using his role as a powerful lawyer with powerful friends, Dershowitz’s statements were published internationally for the malicious purpose of further damaging a sexual abuse and sexual trafficking victim; to destroy Roberts’s reputation and credibility; to cause the world to disbelieve Roberts; and to destroy Roberts’s efforts to use her experience to help others suffering as sex trafficking victims,” the complaint states. Dershowitz said Tuesday that he “welcomes” the suit, that Giuffre’s allegations

See Lawsuit Page 3


Crowds gather at the finish line of the Boston Marathon on Boylston Street on Patriots’ Day. Quinn G. perini—Crimson photographer

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Today’s Forecast

sunny High: 59 Low: 40

Sciences has increased — from 1.9 percent of ladder faculty in 2004 to 4.5 percent in 2019. The University’s ladder faculty comprises both tenured professors and those on the tenure track, including assistant and associate professors. That incremental progress, though, is not enough for some students. “The lack of diversity in the faculty for the Sciences has made me question my future more than once,” Arin L. Stowman ’19, president of the

See sciences Page 5

Garber Updates Univ. on Proposal By Ruoqi zhang Crimson Staff Writer

Harvard has put forward its economic proposals outlining compensation and benefits for student workers represented by the graduate student union in a bargaining session Monday, University Provost Alan M. Garber ’76 wrote in an email to Harvard affiliates Tuesday. The University’s proposals — which came a month after Harvard Graduate Students Union– United Automobile Workers presented its full set of economic proposals — drew heavy criticism from union negotiators. Harvard has estimated that the union’s economic proposal will double expenditures for each graduate student, according to Garber’s email. He wrote that the union’s proposal would have a “significant” financial impact on the University. “Were the University to agree to these proposals, there would likely be direct consequences for the number of graduate students who could be supported,” Garber wrote in the email. Union bargaining committee member Ashley B. Gripper, however, contended that the University’s proposals did not adequately address student concerns. “The administration’s proposed economic package, taking into account cost of living increases, would likely amount to a net loss for student workers over the next three years and a net loss as compared to the status quo,” Gripper wrote in an emailed statement. The union described the University’s compensation plan as an “effective pay decrease” in a bargaining update posted to the group’s Instagram account. The proposed increase in graduate student stipends across a three-year period would be the smallest raise over a three-year period in a decade and would not keep up with the living cost, according to an HGSU-UAW ­

See garber Page 7

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APRIL 17, 2019



For Lunch Red Spiced Chicken Shrimp and Monterey Jack Quesadilla Basil Pesto Roasted Tofu

For Dinner Emerald Beef and Vegetable Stir-Fry Red’s Best Fresh Catch White Bean StewMushrooms

TODAY’S EVENTS Examining BDS & Economic Boycotts 5-7 p.m. Join Professor Cornel R. West in CGIS South for a discussion on the efficacy of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement that targets Israeli policy in the West Bank and Gaza. BDS cofounder Omar Barghouti will also participate via live-stream. Conversation With Larry Summers & Gary Hart 6-7:15 p.m. Heads up all Ec10 students: stroll down to the Institute of Politics to hear former Treasury Secretary and University President Larry Summers discuss leadership and progressive economic policy with former Senator Gary Hart (D-Colo.).

IN THE REAL WORLD Louisiana Man Charged with Burning Three Churches, Hate Crimes

Holden Matthews is facing arson and hatecrime charges following the destruction of three predominantly black churches in Louisiana. Prosecutors allege that Matthews set the fires over a span of 10 days. Matthews pleaded not guilty to all of the charges.

Democrats Look for Ways to Stop Sanders’s Momentum

After a rainy weekend, Harvard will play against Dartmouth in a double header on Saturday, as well as a game on Sunday. QUINN G. PERINI —CRIMSON PHOTOGRAPHER

DAILY BRIEFING ‘Yes She Can’ Discussion 7-8 p.m. Head to the Women’s Center to hear Andrea Flores ‘10 discuss her experience working in the White House during the Obama administration. Flores, who was the first Latinx Undergraduate Council president in Harvard history, is featured in “Yes She Can,” a collection of writings by female Obama staffers.

University President Lawrence S. Bacow said in an interview Friday that he is confident Harvard is on the right side of the law in a lawsuit alleging that Harvard unlawfully possesses and profits off two photographs of American slaves that are believed to be the oldest of their kind in existence. Tamara K. Lanier filed the lawsuit against Harvard on March 20, alleging that the University illegally maintains the daguerreotypes, which she says depicts her great-great-great grandfather, Renty, and his daughter, Delia. In other news, though much of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences has seen recent increases in the proportion of underrepresented minority tenure and tenure-track faculty, the Sciences division continues to lag behind.

Moderate Democrats are looking for ways to prevent Senator Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) from winning the Democratic nomination for president, fearing that his high fundraising numbers and loyal base of voters position him well to win the contest. Some Democrats fear nominating Sanders could split the party.

Felicity Huffman Faces Up to 10 Months in Prison Over Admissions Scandal Prosecutors announced their plan to seek up to 10 months in prison for actress Felicity Huffman for her role in the recent nationwide college admissions scandal, code-named “Operation Varsity Blues.” Huffman, who pleaded guilty last week, admitted to paying $15,000 to help her daughter get into college.


“Leftist and anti-fascist” protesters held a demonstration Monday evening before controversial conservative commentator Candace Owens delivered a speech at the University of Pennsylvania, the Daily Pennsylvanian reported. One student group, the Penn Association for Gender Equity, also held a silent demonstration ahead of Owens’s speech. In her speech, Owens criticized the #MeToo movement and said the Democratic Party misleads black people.


Two students admitted to Yale University were struck by a car in an apparent hit-and-run Monday afternoon, according to the Yale Daily News. The students were attending the first day of Bulldog Days — Yale’s annual event for prospective students. Paramedics treated the two students and then transported them to Yale New Haven Hospital, though a spokesperson told the Yale Daily News the students’ injuries were not serious and that they would return for the remainder of Bulldog Days.


Four members of the Columbia College Student Council resigned from their positions Thursday evening after failing to impeach the council’s student services representative for alleged rules violations in the most recent election cycle, the Columbia Spectator reported. Council member Heven Haile said the representative, Henry Feldman, attempted to “exclude black and brown voices” by allegedly filing a false report against her to the Columbia Elections Commission. The commission cleared Haile of these findings, and she maintained the report was intentionally false and racist.


The Harvard Crimson Kristine E. Guillaume President Angela N. Fu Managing Editor Charlie B. Zhu Business Manager


Associate Managing Editor Jamie D. Halper ’20

Arts Chairs Kaylee S. Kim ’20 Caroline A. Tsai ’20

Design Chairs Elena M. Ramos ’20 Akhil S. Waghmare ’20

Associate Business Manager Amy E. Zhou ’20

FM Chairs Norah M. Murphy ’20 Abigail L. Simon ’20

Multimedia Chairs Kathryn S. Kuhar ’20 Kai R. McNamee ’21

Editorial Chairs Jessenia N. Class ’20 Robert Miranda ’20

Blog Chairs Lorenzo F. Manuali ’21 Trula J. Rael ’21

Technology Chairs Nenya A. Edjah ’20 Theodore T. Liu ’20

Sports Chairs Joseph W. Minatel ’21 Henry Zhu ’20

Copyright 2019, The Harvard Crimson (USPS 236-560). No articles, editorials, cartoons or any part thereof appearing in The Crimson may be reproduced in any form without the express written permission of the President. The Associated Press holds the right to reprint any materials published in The Crimson. The Crimson is a non-profit, independent corporation, founded in 1873 and incorporated in 1967. Second-class postage paid in Boston, Massachusetts. Published Monday through Friday except holidays and during vacations, three times weekly during reading and exam periods by The Harvard Crimson Inc., 14 Plympton St., Cambridge, Mass. 02138 Weather icons made by Freepik, Yannick, Situ Herrera, OCHA, SimpleIcon, Catalin Fertu from is licensed by CC BY 3.0.

Night Editor Andrew J. Zucker ’20

Design Editor Margot E. Shang ’21

Assistant Night Editors Delano R. Franklin ’21 James S. Bikales ’22

Photo Editors Quinn G. Perini ’22 Amanda Y. Su ’22

Story Editors Jamie D. Halper ’20 Angela N. Fu ’20 Sonia Kim ’20 Michael E. Xie ’20

Editorial Editor Shireen Younus ’20 Sports Editor David Manikas ’22

CORRECTIONS The Harvard Crimson is committed to accuracy in its reporting. Factual errors are corrected promptly on this page. Readers with information about errors are asked to e-mail the managing editor at

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THE HARVARD CRIMSON  |  April 17, 2019

Shorenstein Names New Faculty Director By Alexandra A. Chaidez Crimson Staff Writer

Nancy R. Gibbs, the former editor-in-chief of Time magazine, was named the faculty director of the Harvard Kennedy School’s Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics, and Public Policy on Tuesday. Her term as the director will start immediately, per a press release issued Tuesday. Gibbs is currently serving as a visiting professor of press, politics, and public policy at the Kennedy School. At Harvard Kennedy School, she has taught courses about the media and journalism. In the press release, Gibbs praised the Shorenstein Center for teaming journalists and scholars together to pursue research. “I am honored to have the chance to shape the center’s efforts at a time in which the changing media landscape and its relationship to our democracy are so crucial,” Gibbs wrote. In 2013, she became the first woman to serve as Time magazine’s managing editor. She is also the author of two best-sell-

ing books about presidential history. Prior to her leadership positions at Time, Gibbs was one of the most published writers in Time’s history, penning more cover stories than any other reporter. She covered four presidential campaigns and won a National Magazine Award for her cover story in Time’s Sep-

Nancy Gibbs is an extremely thoughtful and respected voice about the evolving role of the media in politics and society. Douglas W. Elmendorf Kennedy School Dean

tember 11, 2001 special issue. Gibbs will replace outgoing director Nicco Mele. Mele said in an interview on Tuesday he is stepping down to work on a new book about reality television and its impact on American politics. Mele — the former senior

ragab From Page 1

Students Denounce Tenure Rejection has come up for tenure at the school in the past two decades. Ragab — who is the director of the Science, Religion and Culture program at the Divinity School — did not respond to multiple requests for comment. The Divinity School does not appear to publish its tenure policies on its website.

Many students were wholly unaware of the Divinity School’s decision until weeks after the decision; it is still unclear as to what the exact reasons for denial of tenure were. Harvard Divinity School Students Association

Divinity School spokesperson Gordon M. Hardy declined to comment on the most recent

letter, pointing to an earlier statement in which he said the school does not publicly discuss individual tenure cases. University spokesperson Jonathan L. Swain declined to comment on behalf of Bacow and Garber. HDSSA’s letter also called on the Divinity School to increase the “transparency” of its tenure process, arguing that decisions about whether to grant tenure affect not only professors preparing for tenure, but also their advisees and the broader community. “Many students were wholly unaware of the Divinity School’s decision until weeks after the decision; it is still unclear as to what the exact reasons for denial of tenure were,” the letter reads. “We maintain that releasing the rationale behind Professor Ragab’s denied tenure, as well as future decisions regarding tenure, is vital to the health of this community.”

vice president and deputy publisher of the Los Angeles Times — will retain his position as a lecturer of public policy at the Kennedy School. He said he is “honored” to have the chance to work with Gibbs in the future. “Nancy has a deep and exceptional understanding of the challenges facing journalism, more than almost any other journalist in America,” Mele said. “She understands the complicated relationship between media, politics, and public policy.” Kennedy School Dean Douglas W. Elmendorf wrote in the press release he was “delighted” about Gibbs’ appointment. “Nancy Gibbs is an extremely thoughtful and respected voice about the evolving role of the media in politics and society,” Elmendorf wrote. “She is distinguished by her impressive career at Time, culminating in the position of editor in chief, and by the contributions she has already made to the Kennedy School and to Harvard more broadly during her short time here.”

bacow From Page 1

Bacow Says ‘Law Is on Our Side’ in Photo Lawsuit the daguerreotypes, my understanding from President Faust — and you may wish to speak to her — was designed specifically to call people’s attention to the fact that these were not chattel,” Bacow said. “These were real people.” Lanier’s lawyer, Joshua D. Koskoff, wrote in an emailed statement that Bacow’s comments do not absolve Harvard. “President Bacow’s comments are sadly nothing more than a continuation of Harvard’s refusal to fully reckon with its past, as well as its ongoing campaign of belittling the legitimacy and seriousness of Ms. Lanier’s claims, that resulted in her having to file this lawsuit,” Koskoff wrote. “We encourage all Harvard students to read our complaint and make up their own minds about whether they share President Bacow’s sentiments and whether the conduct of the institution reflects the laudable principles it claims to abide by,” he added. Harvard spokesperson Jonathan L. Swain declined to comment on Koskoff’s statement be-

cause the suit is pending. In Friday’s interview, Bacow also said the University does not profit of the images and only charges a “nominal fee” for reproductions.Though he said he is confident that the University is on the right side of this case, Bacow said he hopes the suit can stay out of the courts. “I think we have the law on our side. Again, I would hope, though, that we could resolve this not purely by resort to legal process,” Bacow said. Bacow added that he hopes to “engage in a conversation” with the family about the photos. “Our desire is not just simply to litigate this, but rather to engage in a conversation with family and see if we can reach some reasonable accommodation,” Bacow said. However Harvard decides to respond to the daguerreotypes lawsuit, Bacow said the school has not hidden the images’ “troubling” circumstances. “My understanding is that the University has acknowledged those circumstances,” Bacow said. “And it’s not tried to hide them in any way, shape, or

form.” Lanier’s lawsuit is not the only instance of Harvard revisiting its controversial past in recent weeks. Two days after Lanier filed her suit in Middlesex Superior Court, incoming Lowell House Faculty Deans David I. Laibson ’88 and Nina Zipser announced they would not display portraits of former University President Abbott Lawrence Lowell, Class of 1877, and his wife Anna Parker Lowell, when the house reopens in the fall. Lowell served as University President from 1909 to 1933 and is remembered for creating the house system and integrating students from different socioeconomic backgrounds. He was also known, however, for being a racist, homophobe, xenophobe, and anti-Semite. During Friday’s interview, Bacow said the decision to not hang the portraits should be up to the Faculty Deans. “The faculty deans are — David and Nina — are far closer to this than I am,” Bacow said.

HKS Prof. Speaks to Divestment Advocates By James S. Bikales Crimson Staff Writer

Harvard Kennedy School lecturer Richard Parker offered advice to students hoping to persuade the University to divest from companies tied to the fossil fuel industry at an event at the Center for Government and International Studies Tuesday. More than a dozen Harvard affiliates and college students from nearby universities attended the event, which was organized by Divest Harvard, the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Action Coalition, and Harvard Graduate Students Union-United Automobile Workers. Parker is an economist who co-founded the left-leaning magazine Mother Jones and served as an economic advisor to Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou. Divest Harvard — a fossil fuel divestment advocacy group — has recently stepped up its efforts to encourage the University to divest Harvard’s nearly $40 billion endowment from fossil fuel-related companies. On April 4, roughly 30 protesters from the Divest Harvard and the Harvard Prison ­

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Divestment Campaign interrupted a John F. Kennedy Jr. Forum event. A week later, Divest Harvard and the Harvard Political Union held a forum on divestment attended by University President Lawrence S. Bacow. Parker has not been a part of the previous events. Parker said that while it might not be evident that students could match the power of the University’s administration, they had “already won” in one respect. “I promise you, [there are] hundreds of millions, if not billions of people on the planet who think the same way you do,” Parker said. “Bacow and the Overseers know that they’re outnumbered.” Parker drew on his experience as a Civil Rights protester during the 1960s to suggest that students should not focus on persuading the Harvard administration, but, instead, “the ones who walk by when you’re handing out leaflets.” “What you need to be doing is thinking about how many of those people you can cause to pause long enough to at least embarrass them into a kind of engagement that signals to the

Bacows of the world, ‘Oh my god, they’re building even more support,’” Parker said. University spokesperson Jonathan L. Swain referred The Crimson to Harvard’s previous statement that its endowment should not be used to “achieve political ends, or particular policy ends.” “There are other ways the University works to influence public policy, including through scholarship and research,” Swain wrote in an emailed statement. Arielle Blacklow ’21, one of the founders of Harvard Undergraduates for Environmental Justice, said the event — which was attended by students from several Harvard schools — was important to “build a coalition” between graduate students and undergraduates on the issue of divestment. “When we think about the components of this movement, and our strategy, and who we’re bringing together, everyone has a role to play in all of the different schools and colleges on Harvard’s campus,” Blacklow said. Caleb D. Schwartz ’20, a former Crimson photo editor and organizer with HUEJ who co-

ordinated the event, said the talk served as a “unique” way to engage activists because it fo-

Bacow and the Overseers know that they’re outnumbered. Richard Parker Kennedy School Lecturer

cused on “how to actually get things done.” “I think a lot of events that we have been holding have been focused on, you know, why the University should divest, bringing attention to everything, so it was nice to kind of take a step back,” Schwartz said. Schwartz also said the event was part of the lead-up to next week’s “Heat Week” — a weeklong series of events co-sponsored by HUEJ and Divest Harvard that aims to “draw attention to the severity of the climate crisis and raise the call for Harvard to divest its endowment from the fossil fuel industry,” according to HUEJ’s website.

Lawsuit From Page 1

Harvard Law Professor Alan Dershowitz Sued for Defamation constitute perjury. and that he has evidence that will exonerate him. “I’ve been looking for an opportunity now for several years to be able to prove in a court of law that Virginia Giuffre made up this whole story,” he said. “I never met her. I have evidence from her own words.” “I have done nothing improper in any way whatsoever, and I will prove that in the federal court,” he added. The lawsuit alleges that Dershowitz has repeatedly lied about his involvement in Epstein’s activities, and calls him Epstein’s “attorney, close friend, and co-conspirator.” In November 2018, the Miami Herald published a threepart series that identified around 80 women who say Epstein molested or sexually abused them between 2001 and 2006. The Herald also reported that Dershowitz, who served on Epstein’s legal team, helped strike a plea deal with then-United States District Attorney R. Alexander Acosta that granted Epstein and other unnamed potential co-conspirators immunity from federal prosecution. Dershowitz has stated he

only visited Epstein’s Palm Beach residence one time and was never in the house in the presence of young women, according to Giuffre’s complaint. The complaint refutes those claims with statements from two former employees of Epstein — Juan Alessi and Alfredo Rodriguez. Both Alessi and Rodriguez allege they saw Dershowitz at the residence on multiple occasions, and Rodriguez confirmed Dershowitz was in the house at the same time as “young ladies.” Another woman who alleges Epstein sexually assaulted her, Maria Farmer, has stated she saw Dershowitz enter Epstein’s New York City mansion on multiple occasions while she was working there and go upstairs while girls under the age of 18 were present. Giuffre alleges in her lawsuit that Dershowitz began defaming Giuffre in response to the Herald’s reporting, accusing her of perjury and extortion to deter her from discussing allegations against Epstein and himself. “The purpose and effect of these attacks has been to damage Robert’s reputation and credibility and to try to intimi-

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date her into silence,” the complaint reads. Giuffre states in the complaint that Dershowitz’s statements have caused her economic, psychological, mental, and emotional damage. Dershowitz previously wrote in a letter to the Herald that he not only denied that he had sex with Giuffre, but that he disproved it during an independent investigation run by former FBI director Louis J. Freeh. Dershowitz told The Crimson on Tuesday that he is inviting the FBI to attend and “monitor” the trial. Giuffre’s lawyer, Joshua Schiller, wrote in an emailed statement that Giuffre and her legal team “look forward” to Dershowitz’s cooperation in the trial. “Ms. Giuffre’s complaint makes detailed factual allegations, including allegations supported by exhibits and sworn affidavits,” Schiller wrote. “Mr. Dershowitz needs to address those allegations with something more than emotional conclusory denials and ad hominem attacks.”


APRIL 17, 2019


Runners Tackle Marathon Course on Rainy Monday Thousands of runners from every background crossed the finish line of the 123rd Boston Marathon, which is held annually on Patriots Day — the third Monday of April. The sprinkle of rain towards the end of the day greeted runners with a cooling finish to the 26.2 miles they had just conquered. BY QUINN G. PERINI — CRIMSON PHOTOGRAPHER




Minority Faculty Underrepresented in FAS Sciences Harvard Society of Black Scientists and Engineers, wrote in an email. “While I am confident in my own abilities, not seeing people who look like me in the positions that I want to be in someday makes me question whether there will ever be any space for me.”


The lack of diversity within the sciences extends beyond Harvard. Hakim J. Walker, a mathematics preceptor, said that while he has recently observed a field-wide push towards recruiting a diverse pool of faculty, he believes there has historically been a lack of drive surrounding diversity initiatives throughout his career. “I think that’s kind of the ethos of many math departments, and many mathematicians, is we care about your talent, we care about whether or not you can contribute and gain something from the math curriculum here,” Walker said. “I think we’re seeing more of a push against that in more recent years.” The pipeline of underrepresented minority Ph.D.s remains slim. According to data released by the National Science Foundation, 27 Black and 35 Hispanic students received a Ph.D. in mathematics and statistics out of a total of 1864 recipients in 2014, amounting to 1.4 and 1.9 percent, respectively. The fractions of underrepresented minorities who have recently received Ph.D.s in other fields within the sciences are similarly low, with none above 5 percent. FAS Dean Claudine Gay said in a March interview she believes Harvard plays a vital role in helping to expand that pipeline. For example, the University currently funds summer research opportunities for minority undergraduates across the country to attract talented scholars at an early age and encourage them to apply to graduate school. “I don’t think there is any field in which there’s truly no pipeline, but yeah, there are

some fields where in terms of the level of gender diversity, racial and ethnic diversity, it’s not as robust as we’d like it to be,” Gay said. “There are things we could be doing at Harvard to help build that pipeline.” Stubbs outlined a number of measures the Sciences have taken to address the pipeline issue, including implementing a “Future Faculty Fellows Program” to provide better advising for minority students. The Astronomy department is also piloting a new initiative in which it has eliminated the consideration of GRE scores in graduate student admissions. Faculty and administrators said conducting broad faculty searches and looking for young scholars from underrepresented backgrounds are key mechanisms for increasing diversity. Gay said in a March interview that seeking out prospective hires as opposed to waiting for applicants to apply is a vital component of ensuring diverse applicants are considered. “We have to be proactive in making sure that that we are really activating our networks,

The lack of diversity in the faculty for the Sciences has made me question my future more than once. Arin L. Stowman ’19 President of the Harvard Society of Black Scientists and Engineers

attending professional conferences and actually setting up a booth at professional conferences where there might be opportunities to kind of get Harvard in front of people who could be strong candidates for positions here,” she said. Yet ultimately, hiring decisions depend on an applicant’s body of work, according to Charles M. Lieber, chair of the department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, who noted that his department has imple-

mented numerous formal and informal mechanisms to ensure minority applicants are fairly considered in searches. “It just can’t be solved by just saying ‘Okay, we’re going to hire “x” number of different faculty,’ because if there isn’t a pool of viable, strong candidates, it is not a good thing to hire a weak candidate,” Lieber said.


The School of Engineering and Applied Sciences — one of the few schools currently increasing its faculty ranks due to recent donations and its upcoming expansion into Allston — offers a counterpoint. Nineteen percent of SEAS’s tenure-track faculty are underrepresented minorities, compared to six percent in the life sciences and zero percent in the physical sciences as of September 2018. The disparity between the proportion of tenure-track faculty in the sciences at Harvard compared to engineering could in part reflect differing levels of support at the undergraduate level, according to some faculty and administrators. Without support at the undergraduate level, students may feel limited in their ability to pursue an academic career in the sciences, creating a vicious cycle. Walker said student affinity groups provide essential support for minority students. “You need the right number and type of people with the initiative — and the time honestly — to form a group, make it a strong presence on campus, and sustain [it],” Walker said. SEAS has recognized chapters of both the National Society of Black Engineers and the Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers, while the College does not have any student groups dedicated exclusively to serving underrepresented minorities in the sciences. The Black Premedical Society caters to black undergraduates seeking to pursue a career in medicine and the Harvard Society of Black Scientists

and Engineers serves all black STEM students at the College. Stowman said that the need for HSBSE stems from Harvard’s lack of support for minority students. “Ideally, the university would already be providing multiple levels of support to black students studying STEM knowing the history that exists and that has kept black people out of STEM,” Stowman said. “However, because those options do not yet exist, it is up to organizations like HSBSE to provide for students.” FAS spokesperson Anna G. Cowenhoven declined to comment on criticisms about Harvard’s lack of support for students and faculty diversity. Dean for Faculty Affairs and Planning Nina Zipser acknowledged that certain fields, such as mathematics, could “put more effort” into developing outreach programs such as those already available in engineering and physics. Ifeoma E. White-Thorpe ’21, the founder of the Black Premedical Society, wrote in an email that she believes the lack of diversity among faculty affects the curriculum of science classes at Harvard. “I can only assume a lack of institutional support across the board for Black premedical students aids in this problem of underrepresentation,” she wrote. “I would highly encourage Harvard to consider how adding minority voices to its faculty could enhance our perspective on medicine and could aid in generating a future force of well-rounded, diverse doctors.” Several students and faculty commended initiatives SEAS has taken to promote diversity and minority recruitment, including the hiring of a director of diversity and inclusion, Alexis J. Stokes. SEAS has also begun to require incoming faculty to submit a “diversity statement” as a part of their application and now offers diversity-related trainings for faculty and staff. Gay said in March that she plans to “study” the success of those initiatives before decid-

ing whether to roll them out on a broader scale. Rahel M. Imru ’21, incoming president of HSBSE, wrote in an email that while she agrees

There are things we could be doing at Harvard to help build that pipeline. Claudine Gay Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences

that engineering has become more diverse, she still believes black students are not “properly represented” in either engineering or the sciences. “I have noticed that SEAS is more diverse than the life and physical science departments, but from what I see, I still do believe that the number of Black faculty members is at an alarmingly low level in both,” she wrote.


Outside forces and internal constraints could inhibit efforts to further diversify the faculty, according to some administrators and department chairs. After the 2008 recession, FAS instituted a hiring freeze. Though FAS resumed normal hiring practices several years later, the school still faces limits in the number of faculty it can hire every year. FAS generally must wait for a tenured faculty member to leave before hiring a new member. Currently, the faculty turnover each year across the University stands at roughly 70, only half of whom are in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, according to Senior Vice Provost for Faculty Development and Diversity Judith D. Singer. The lack of turnover limits opportunities to diversify the school. The historically racially homogenous makeup of FAS could also affect its ability to hire faculty from underrepresented

backgrounds, according to multiple department chairs in the Sciences. Lieber said some of his “senior colleagues” once had “very different views” about the importance of diversity in the sciences, though many have since changed their views. Still, he and others said they remain cognizant of implicit biases when hiring new faculty. “There can be hidden biases because of how you’re brought up, what time you’re brought up, if you don’t make an effort to, you know, learn about things,” Lieber said. Venkatesh Murthy, chair of the Molecular and Cellular Biology department, said the low diversity figures among science faculty could in part be contributing to a self-perpetuating cycle, in which prospective hires are unwilling to “take a chance” with a department lacking individuals who share similar backgrounds. “The existing palette of people here clearly makes an impression,” he said. “If we’re all male, we’re all a certain kind, then it becomes more difficult even if we convey verbally or maybe even through actions, that we are welcoming.” The departure of even one of a few underrepresented minorities can have an immediate and lasting effect on faculty demographics, Lieber said. He cited the case of chemist Alán Aspuru-Guzik, who won numerous awards after joining the faculty in 2006. Asparu-Guzik — who identifies as Hispanic — told The Crimson last year that he left Harvard to take a position at the University of Toronto due to “uncertainty” about his future in the wake of the election of President Donald Trump. “Because you’re working with small numbers, these percentages can fluctuate quite a lot, at least in our department,” Lieber said. “You try to bring up a young faculty, and then factors out of your control can change things.”

Local Stakeholders Debate Affordable Housing Proposal By DECLAN J. KNIERIEM CRIMSON STAFF WRITER

Residents of Cambridge and neighboring cities, including several Harvard affiliates, testified in front of the Cambridge City Council Housing Committee on its proposed “100% Affordable Housing Zoning Overlay” at City Hall Tuesday. The proposed zoning reform would incentivize affordable developers to build residential units across the city, aiding them to successfully compete with for-profit developers. The legislation would also amend zoning regulations to increase approval process efficiency, reduce costs, and facilitate new affordable housing construction. Tuesday’s hearing is the latest step in the rezoning pro-

cess and follows a roundtable discussion within the Housing Committee last week. City Councilor E. Denise Simmons called Tuesday’s meeting to order, and urged councilors and residents alike to “remember the human element” during the process. “Ultimately, we’re talking about people, families,” she said. “And we’re talking about doing what we can to allow our affordable housing to be built in the fairest way possible throughout our city.” Many advocates for the overlay referenced the housing crisis in Cambridge, which they said made immediate expansion of affordable housing urgent. Among them were more than a dozen Harvard affiliates, including College students.

Zoe L. Hopkins ’22 argued that affordable housing is a critical way to support Harvard employees who cannot afford to live in Cambridge. Hopkins, who said she spoke on behalf of the Student Labor Action Movement, referred to Harvard employees as the “lifeblood” of the University. “How can Harvard, how can Cambridge, call itself a community when many people who have dutifully served are denied the ability to live here because it isn’t financially viable for them?” she asked. “To claim that it is legitimate to oppose this overlay because it will make neighborhoods less desirable or less attractive is not only a farce, but it is also an offensive and anti-poor afront to those who work tirelessly to support

this community.” Many attendees said that while they support affordable housing efforts, they are unsatisfied with the current proposal. They cited the lack of a complete and comprehensive plan; concerns that the city is rushing the process; and the exitence of an “As of Right” provision, a designation that would protect affordable housing developments from certain court challenges. Cambridge resident Patrick W. Barrett III said that he supports affordable housing efforts, but is concerned Cambridge is rushing the project. He urged the city to carefully consider the proposal, saying that now is the “time to get it right.” “Keep it in committee, work on it, make it do something that

it’s supposed to, but also don’t forget the people who live here in the residence,” he said. Meeting attendee Francis “Fritz” E. Donovan ’59, who also resides in Cambridge and favors affordable housing, described the current proposal as a “mess.” “Cambridge needs a wellthought-out plan that both increases affordable housing and enhances quality of life in our wonderful city,” he said. “The 100 percent affordable housing overlay plan is a disaster. We need to go back to the drawing boards and do it right.” After the meeting, Mayor Marc C. McGovern said in an interview with The Crimson that regardless of how many meetings the city holds, there will always be dissent. But he

said he is “frustrated” by residents who constantly oppose the city’s proposals. “I’m a little frustrated that some of the more vocal opposers to the overlay refuse to acknowledge that there has been movement by the city to address their concerns,” he said. The Housing Committee will consider the overlay proposal again at a meeting April 25 and vote on whether to advance the proposal to the City Council Ordinance Committee. McGovern said that he plans on voting for the proposal and that the Council needs to advance the proposal. “At the end of the day, we need to move this forward,” he said.

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Half a Century of Protest

Let Us Be Humble


ifty years ago, a group of Harvard students sought to protest the University’s role in the Vietnam War. Around 500 students occupied University Hall refusing to leave until Harvard abolished its Reserve Officers’ Training Program, among other demands. The University called in city and state police; dozens of students were injured. But they did not act in vain, making lasting change that impacts the Harvard community to this day. As our campus witnesses a resurgence in student activism, the events of 50 years ago provide an important opportunity for reflection. Protest is an essential component of a vibrant democracy — it is something to be promoted, not silenced. As students and journalists, we stand behind the beliefs that those in power must be held accountable for their actions and that morally repugnant actions should be met with an equally vigorous response. While administrators may prefer students seek official channels for feedback, we believe that this method does not always achieve sufficient attention to create change. Speaking to protestors from the Harvard Prison Divestment Campaign, University President Lawrence S. Bacow said that he responds to “reason” rather than “demands.” But in drawing this distinction, Bacow fails to recognize the degree to which demand and reason are not mutually exclusive. The passion of a demand does not undermine its logical origin, nor does reasoned thought preclude outrage or calls to action. Moreover, in making this distinction, Bacow minimizes the degree to which student activists on this campus put considerable thought and discussion into the

demands behind which they rally. Writing off protest as unreasoned — and here the proximity of reason with reasonableness should ring strongly — presents itself as dismissive to student protesters, despite the hopefully deep considerations and conversations being had about these important issues at the University level. As such, we urge Bacow and other administrators to think more broadly about what thoughtful discourse means, historically and in this present moment.

While administrators may prefer students seek official channels for feedback, we believe that this method does not always achieve sufficient attention to create change. Bacow would not be the first University president to call upon students to act with reason. Nathan M. Pusey, who served as president during the 1959 University Hall occupation, responded by contrasting “thoughtful and concerned individuals” with a loud minority of “self-righteous zealots.” Though it would be unfair to compare Bacow and Pusey too closely, Bacow and other administrators — as they look to protests today — should take into consideration the history of protests on this campus, their receptions, and the legacies of their predecessors. Protesters, too, should be historically conscious. Like their predecessors in 1969, protesters today have the power to make enormous change — for better or for worse. The 1969 protests not only contributed to the creation of an Afri-

can-American studies program and affordable housing that Harvard built on Mission Hill, but also led to the ouster of ROTC from Harvard’s campus for more than 40 years. Student activists cannot take this power to change lightly. Precisely because of this capacity to create such pivotal and long-lasting change, students must consider carefully about why, on whose behalf, and how they protest. They must have a clear sense of what they demand and how those demands will impact the world around them both for better and also for worse. Finally, student activists should operate cooperatively. The 1969 protest boasted large numbers — thousands of students gathered in Harvard Stadium a few days after the University Hall sit-in. Coalition building between movements is as key today as it was in 1969, both because issues rarely exist in a vacuum and — as the 1969 protesters demonstrated — large movements attract considerably more attention. We encourage students to continue to speak loudly and passionately for their beliefs as they work together to make this campus and the world beyond it a better place. And we encourage them to do so always with one eye fixed on the past and the other on the future they hope to build. This staff editorial solely represents the majority view of The Crimson Editorial Board. It is the product of discussions at regular Editorial Board meetings. In order to ensure the impartiality of our journalism, Crimson editors who choose to opine and vote at these meetings are not involved in the reporting of articles on similar topics.

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What a Union Means to Student Parents By RYAN KUZMICKAS and YUANCHENG LU


he financial costs of having a family weigh heavily on student parents at Harvard, and the University must do more to improve the conditions of current and to-be student parents. Between childcare, dental, health insurance for dependents, and transportation, the prohibitive costs of having a family violate the University’s values of equity and inclusion. As a result, our elected Harvard Graduate Students Union-United Auto Workers bargaining committee is currently negotiating to codify improvements to our working conditions and benefits in a union contract. The cost of being a parent while a graduate student at the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences is outrageous. Monthly childcare costs can exceed $3,000 for infants, completely cannibalizing a typical GSAS student stipend. On top of that, Harvard charges $7,178 to insure a spouse or partner and $3,802 to insure a minor. If a graduate student is expected to take $11,000 — about a third of a graduate student stipend — just to insure their spouse and new child’s healthcare costs, the remainder of their “fully funded” Ph.D. is insufficient support their young families. If we made the difficult decision to start our families during graduate school in spite of these financial burdens, we can only imagine that many prospective students’ family-planning priorities prevented them from starting their careers at Harvard, and countless student workers were forced to delay their family decisions due to a lack of financial support. The administration subsidizes child care for faculty to up to $24,000 per year, with various child-care scholarships available. Surely, the University can also afford us child care support that also allows us to focus on our research and academic work. In response to these concerns and

other issues, student workers began organizing publicly to form a union in 2015. The administration suddenly became willing to make improvements: A 2015 flyer for an 11 percent discount for the semester MBTA pass was then accompanied by a half-off subsidy – a sum that has long been available for MIT graduate workers or Harvard employees — and parental leave was extended from no guaranteed leave in 2010 to 12 weeks of leave today. The increase from six weeks to 12 weeks leave coincided with the timing of the first unionization election during the 2016-2017 academic year. Recent unionization efforts show that positive change happens only when student workers have organized to apply visible pressure. As support for graduate unionization grew on their campus, Columbia University went from only subsidizing half to fully waiving dependent healthcare premiums for students with funded Ph.D.s. This April 18 will mark one year since the election forming our union, and we are still without the security of the union contract. It is no surprise that gains in these accommodations reversed and our uncertainty returned as soon as Harvard believed the potential for graduate students unionization had disappeared with the first flawed election in 2016. But these improvements still fall short. Whether one continues to be paid a stipend during 12-week parental leave or is required to take courses appears to be at the discretion of the program and funding source. Many new parents have not known about the $6,516 one-time payment in support of a new or adopted child. The annual $542 fee for dental insurance covers little beyond two cleanings, forcing international students to delay needed dental work until their visits home. For those of us who cannot afford the housing costs in Cambridge and who commute, MBTA commuter rail pass-

es still take out up to $3000 dollars per year from our already-tight budgets. Further, the MBTA subsidy applies only during the semesters, and our lab experiments do not stop during the summer months. The absence of any MBTA subsidy during the summer is a burden for those of us who cannot afford to live closer to campus with our families. Our Harvard Graduate Students Union has been a critical vehicle for making these needs known to the administration, but we still have a long way to go. Our union and successive union contracts provide an opportunity to consolidate and document the vast improvements to working conditions for student parents. Having these provisions listed in a union contract may make it such that accessing benefits — such as the $6516 onetime-payment — is not a matter of word of mouth. We urge the administration to realize the values it professes in inclusion and equity by completing our union contract by the end of this academic year. It is ironic that, even at the world’s wealthiest university, those of us doing cutting-edge research to advance human healthcare and improve the human condition continue to struggle to access basic housing, transportation, and healthcare services for ourselves and our loved ones. With both of us expecting to graduate the coming year, a completed union contract with provisions that finally make graduate study viable for student parents would be a fitting way to conclude our graduate careers. In the meantime, Harvard could define itself as a leader in supporting graduate workforce, adding heft to its values of diversity, equity, and inclusion. —Ryan Kuzmickas is a tenth-year graduate student in Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Yuancheng Lu is a fifth-year graduate student in Biological and Biomedical Sciences.

Aditi Sundaram ODDITY


t is no secret that Harvard undergraduates are believed to lack humility. Widely perceived as high-achievers but also entitled and elitist, we jokingly embrace this stereotype, often alluding to it in memes or self-deprecating humor. When asked where we go to college, we murmur “a school in Boston” as we believe that this is somehow less pretentious than the honest, straightforward “Harvard.” Such cosmetic charades are harmless; however, our lack of humility has translated into a lack of respect for the very things that we pretend to be modest about. It is clear that we recognize that we will graduate Harvard with a valuable academic education, but we sometimes seem to forget whence this education comes. In the past semester, there have been a number of undergraduate protests against the denial of tenure to various Harvard professors. I have no specific opinion about any one of these cases and I have a great deal of respect for any Harvard faculty member and their body of work.

Our lack of humility has translated into a lack of respect for the very things that we pretend to be modest about. It is clear that we recognize that we will graduate Harvard with a valuable academic education, but we sometimes seem to forget whence this education comes. But I do find it troubling, and — depending on my mood — almost comical, that 20-year olds with not even a bachelor’s degree yet think that they are qualified to opine on the scholarship worth of an academic — oftentimes more qualified even than a committee of tenured faculty, each of whom has striven for years to establish leadership positions in their chosen fields. And of course, the forcefulness extends beyond promotion decisions to termination demands, as, for example, in the insistence that a faculty dean be “removed” due to his choice of professional client. In his remarkable “A Letter to the Director of the London School of Economics” penned in 1968 during the student protests at that institution, the philosopher Imre Lakatos, makes a distinction — that still resonates 50 years later — between student demands for free expression of complaints and criticism (including of academic matters) and student demands for power over appointments and syllabi. Lakatos views the former as entirely valid and justified, but the latter, he argues, “surreptitiously” converts a “revolt against academic paternalism into a political revolt against academic autonomy.” One may not agree in toto with Lakatos’ analysis, but the context in which he wrote is important: This was a man who had seen first hand the demands of Nazi students to suppress “Jewish-liberal- marxist influence” expressed in the syllabi, and later the efforts of the Lysenkoists and the Soviet Communist Party to murderously suppress dissenters in genetics research Today, the general sense of entitlement that we feel — “the coddling of the American mind,” as described by Greg Lukanioff and Jonathan D. Haidt — continues to be discussed by many academics and students alike.

No university is perfect. As students, we must not be apathetic or blindly compliant to every University policy, and it is important that we think critically and appropriately address problems when we see them. Lukanioff and Haidt discuss the increasingly common phenomenon of American college students demanding “protection” (i.e. trigger warnings) from words and ideas that they don’t like in the name of improving mental health. The duo argue that such systems of protection are not only deleterious to education and freedom of thought, but also harmful to students’ emotional well being. I will leave it to the reader to evaluate Lukanioff and Haidt’s claims, but one cannot deny that undergraduates today are pampered and cosseted by their institutions. While I have yet to hear a Stanford student say that they “go to school in Palo Alto,” it is clear that these attitudes are not unique to Harvard students. No university is perfect. As students, we must not be apathetic or blindly compliant to every University policy, and it is important that we think critically and appropriately address problems when we see them. However, we must also be aware of our (lack of) stature and knowledge, and appreciate that we have much to learn from those who have paved the way for us to be here. As an old proverb states: “He who knows not and knows not that he knows not is a fool; shun him.” Let us know that we indeed know not, and be grateful that those who know are willing to educate us. —Aditi Sundaram ’19 is a joint concentrator in Mathematics and Philosophy in Eliot House. Her column appears on alternate Wednesdays.




Garber Emails About Union

bargaining update. The University, however, contends that its proposals are “responsive” to the union’s requests. “The University has put forward a strong set of economic proposals that are responsive to HGSU-UAW’s stated priorities and further recognizes the significant role student workers have in Harvard’s mission, while also ensuring their opportunity to succeed in their academic pursuits,” University spokesperson Jonathan L. Swain wrote in an emailed statement. The union also criticized the University’s proposals for childcare and a set minimum wage across Harvard, calling them inadequate. Gripper wrote that while more than 400 student workers at Harvard are parents, Harvard’s proposal would only cover the cost of childcare for 14 children. Gripper also said the University’s $15 minimum wage proposal is lower than current standards in most departments. Current Massachusetts law stipulates a $12 hourly minimum wage. The living wage at Boston is calculated to be $14.85, according to the City of Boston. Swain wrote that Harvard’s proposal would ensure salary increases.

The University has put forward a strong set of economic proposals that are responsive to HGSU-UAW’s stated priorities. Jonathan L. Swain University Spokesperson

“The University’s proposals would guarantee salary increases for the next three years for non-hourly student workers, including research assistants and teaching fellows/ assistants, while raising the minimum pay rate for hourly workers,” Swain wrote in the statement. Swain also wrote that the University’s proposal is in line with the contractual terms negotiated by United Automobile Workers – HGSU’s affiliated international union – at other institutions and informed by data that included the living wage rate for the Boston-Cambridge area. “It would also extend additional student worker benefits HGSU-UAW has advocated for, including creating new funds for child care, emergency grants, dental coverage and healthcare coverage for dependents,” Swain wrote. Harvard and HGSU-UAW’s economic proposals are not the end, but the starting point, for the negotiations surrounding economic issues, wrote William A. Herbert, the executive director for the National Center for the Study of Collective Bargaining in Higher Education and the Professions at Hunter College, City University of New York. “During the bargaining, it is likely that the parties will be discussing the overall cost of the respective proposals, the negotiated economic packages at other institutions, and ways to reach agreement acceptable to both sides,” Herbert wrote in an email. Garber’s email comes just a few days before the oneyear anniversary of student workers’ vote to unionize at Harvard. On Thursday, HGSU-UAW will release an ad campaign across national television networks criticizing Harvard’s approach to handling allegations of sexual harassment on campus. HGSU-UAW has repeatedly called on Harvard to agree to a proposal that would allow student workers to pursue a third-party grievance procedure for resolving sexual harassment and discrimination complaints. Harvard has countered, arguing that the school’s current Title IX processes — with small adjustments — are sufficient.


Harvard hosted a day-long conference entitled “Young, Gifted & Well” to promote discussion about mental health and wellness among students of color at the University at the Student Organization Center at Hilles on Tuesday. The University collaborated with the Graduate School of Education, the School of Public Health, and the Steve Fund, which is an organization devoted to supporting the emotional well-being of young people of color. The conference began with welcoming speeches from representatives of the Steve Fund and University officials, including Provost Alan M. Garber ‘76, Dean of the Graduate School of Education Bridget T. Long, and Senior Advisor and Strategist to the University

President John S. Wilson. Garber first addressed the audience, speaking about the importance of students’ well-being. Last week, Harvard’s Office of the Provost announced the creation of a new task force dedicated to examining and promoting student mental health and wellness on campus. “It’s a particularly acute issue for students of color, and for students of marginalized groups of all kinds,” Garber said. “We increasingly recognize that we need to develop solutions that will address the very needs of our students in our University.” After introductory remarks, conference attendees participated in four plenaries, including “Cultural and Social Determinants of Mental and Emotional Health,” “Intersectionality and Mental Health,” “Reflections,” and “Promising Practices: How to Foster Well-Being in Students of Color.” Attend-

ees also had an opportunity to engage in five smaller breakout sessions, which facilitated conversations about mental health.

We’re looking at social determinants of mental and emotional health of students of color. Josephine M. Kim Graduate School of Education School Lecturer

During the first plenary, Josephine M. Kim, a lecturer at the Graduate School of Education, spoke about the factors that play into the mental and emotional health of students of color. “We’re looking at social determinants of mental and emotional health of students of color, which are conditions in which they live, study, learn, partici-

pate, socialize and grow,” Kim said. “And the circumstances are shaped by distribution of power, resources, representation, sense of inclusion, and belonging at the campus level.” The breakout sessions discussed topics ranged from “Decolonizing Mental Health” to “Resilience through Art.” Harvard Counseling and Mental Health Services also led a session about self-care and mental health in college. The fourth plenary featured David Rivera, a member of the Steve Fund’s Knowledge Committee, who spoke about the need for inclusivity on campus and the importance of diverse counseling services. “You could have the most dynamic counseling center full of culturally competent therapists, but if students aren’t feeling the campus is inclusive, they’re not going to go seek out that support if they’re isolated,” Rivera said. “Silence about mental health

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issues is too much a part of the narrative of mental health for communities of color, and we need to start changing that narrative, to have positive messages and stories of persistence,” he added. Deepali B. Ravel, a lecturer at the Medical School, said that although there are many mental health resources on campus, students do not always know how to access them. “There’s starting to be this sea of resources here, but students don’t necessarily know about them and they’re not necessarily being told how to use them,” Ravel said. In his closing remarks, Wilson said the conference is going to initiate conversations “to change our culture at Harvard University and change it throughout American higher education.”




MEN’S HEAVYWEIGHT CREW VS. NO. 5 BROWN W ___________________________________________________________

MEN’S VOLLEYBALL VS. GEORGE MASON L, 3-0 ___________________________________________________________

SOFTBALL VS. DARTMOUTH W, 4-3 ___________________________________________________________

MEN’S LACROSSE VS. NO. 7/6 PENN L, 26-13 __________________________________________________________

MEN’S TENNIS VS. BROWN W, 4-0 ___________________________________________________________

WOMEN’S LACROSSE VS. NO. 15 PRINCETON L, 14-12 ___________________________________________________________

WOMEN’S TENNIS VS. BROWN W, 4-3 ___________________________________________________________


Harvard Looking to Repeat as Beanpot Champions By WILLIAM CONNAUGHTON CONTRIBUTING WRITER

­ ooking to continue its excelL lent performance this season, the Crimson will be traveling to the historic Fenway Park on Wednesday afternoon to try and win its second straight Beanpot Championship. Harvard (18-8, 8-4 Ivy) is taking on UMass (10-17, 5-7 A10) for the Beanpot title. The Minutemen started off the season to a rocky start, have turned things around since then. After beating Boston College 6-2 in the opening round of the Beanpot on April 2nd, the surging Umass team has won six of its last eight games, coming into the Beanpot final in good form. To get into the Beanpot, Harvard beat a strong Northeastern squad 4-3, surrendering only one hit and turning the game over to the strong bullpen as senior closer Kieran Shaw brought home the win. Since then, the Crimson has been on a similar hot streak as the Minutemen, as it has taken two series 2-1 against strong Ivy League opponents, Yale and Cornell. Harvard is led by Shaw who is second in the nation in saves with 11, a school record, and senior first baseman Patrick McColl, who is fifth in the nation in batting average, hitting a strong .443. Both lead the Ivy League in their respective categories. “I think the key will be coming out aggressive early and trying to set the pace,” said McColl about the Crimson’s approach to the game, “playing at Fenway can definitely cause some nerves, so trying to take an early lead will help calm those

A FENWAY FINAL The Crimson are looking to win back-to-back Beanpot championships for the first time in program history, facing off against UMass in Fenway Park, the home stadium of the Boston Red Sox. RYOSUKE TAKASHIMA—CRIMSON PHOTOGRAPHER

nerves.” The key to the game for the Harvard pitchers will be to shut down a balanced UMass offense who, one through six, can put the ball in play. With a strong

bullpen, Harvard hopes to jump on the Umass pitching staff early with their hot bats. The team is led by a tight knit and hard-working ground of upperclassmen: McColl, se-

nior outfielder Ben Skinner, junior outfielder Jake Suddleton, and junior infielder Chad Minato are all hitting above .300 and slugging above .400. It will be the difficult task of the Minute-

men to slow down this potent upperclassmen offense. For the Crimson, this game represents an opportunity to immortalize their names into the record books: never in the

program’s history has Harvard won back to back Beanpot Championships. This game also is the fourth time that the Crimson have been in the Beanpot Championship in the past six years. In a year chock-full of incredible individual performances that rank on the national NCAA leaderboards, this game is a chance to break one more program record, this time as a team. The strong season so far shows the commitment and dedication of the baseball program as a whole: in the offseason, the practices, and the games. The team is excited to play at one of the most famous parks in the sport. The players collectively anticipate the nerves that surround the game, but are prepared to go out and perform to the best of their ability. For many of the upperclassmen, their last time at Fenway was clouded with bad weather, and this game represents possibly their last chance to play in the historic ballpark. “I’m excited to be back at Fenway, because my sophomore year the game got cut short due to rain,” said McColl on the opportunity to play at Fenway, “it doesn’t look like that will happen this year so hopefully we can defend our Beanpot title.” All ticket proceeds from the game will go to support a great cause, the Pete Frates 3 Fund, named after a Boston College baseball captain who was diagnosed with ALS. The game is set to start 45 minutes after the consolation game between Boston College and Northeastern ends at approximately 5:30.


Tiger Woods’s Masters Victory Inspiring for Golf Team By KOSTAS TINGOS CRIMSON STAFF WRITER

­ he 2019 Masters Tournament T was one that will go down in history. This past weekend the world’s best golfers convened on Augusta, Ga. for arguably the sport’s biggest event. “When you start hearing the commercials and you hear the music, it’s really that turning point where it’s spring now and the season’s going,” said Harvard golfer and sophomore Ollie Cordeiro. “It’s really great and there are so many historic moments from that tournament, so it’s a pretty big deal for most every golfer.” What took place was something no one would’ve believed a few years ago. After four entertaining rounds of golf, the sports world erupted when Tiger Woods captured his fifth green jacket and 15th major championship overall. Only Jack Nicklaus, with six Masters and 18 major wins, tops Woods in those two categories. “I’ve been watching a lot of pro tournaments over the last four years and I have never seen a crazier tournament in that time,” said Cordeiro’s fellow teammate Grant Fairbairn. “There were so many people in contention and in the hunt throughout the entire tournament, and for Tiger to come out on top, that was really special.” The way it unfolded for Tiger was impressive. It was his first major championship victory without having at least a share of the lead through 54 holes. He began Sunday two shots back of Francesco Molinari, who sat at 13 under par. Six birdies in the final round, including back-to-back birdies on the 15th and 16th holes, propelled Woods to the top of the leaderboard. “To see what he’s able to do on the course is reminiscent of the way he used to be, in a way that I had never really experienced before,” Cordeiro said. “That’s what made it such a cool moment, to watch what may be

the greatest player ever do what he did in his prime, but today in this age.” That being said, it was Tiger’s journey over the years that made this Masters victory truly special. A combination of personal issues and injuries derailed his career. It appeared he would never again return to good form and reach the pinnacle of the golf world. However, Tiger slowly crawled his way back, taking on hurdle after hurdle, and experiencing setback after setback. His wait lasted longer than a decade, but eventually it all came together for him. This was Woods’s first major championship since 2008 and first Masters since 2005. The grit he displayed by staying true to this course is an inspiration for athletes and non-athletes alike. Not many people have what it takes to replicate such a feat in the face of so much adversity.

Seeing how Tiger can persevere and come back from so many bad things in his life is pretty motivational. Grant Fairbairn ’21 Varsity Golfer

“It’s super motivating,” Fairbairn said. “Golf is a mental battle in each round in every tournament. Just seeing how Tiger can persevere and come back from so many bad things in his life is pretty motivational.” Woods’s influence on the game over his career has been undeniable. Wherever he’s gone and whatever he’s done, throngs of fans and media members have followed, both figuratively and literally. That’s why his recent rise back to relevance has been a welcome sight for so many. This translated to Sunday’s final round having the highest

metered-market ratings for a morning golf broadcast since at least 1986. “This is huge for the game of golf, that Tiger won,” Fairbairn said. “It was a super improbable thing that many of us never thought we’d see again. Tiger brings in so many people to the game that wouldn’t really care about golf otherwise.” Almost 900 miles away in New Haven, Conn., another golf tournament was taking place on the same weekend as the Masters. On Saturday, the Crimson men’s golf team placed fifth at the Yale Opener in a field of 12 teams. Although the group was focused on its own tournament, thoughts of the Masters undoubtedly crept into the athletes’ minds. For young players, it’s impossible to ignore what’s occurring in the professional ranks, but this can be helpful, not a distraction. “That gets you in the right mindset of competition,” Cordeiro said. “When you see such great golf it inspires you to try to play to that level. I would say it was beneficial for us to watch and enjoy the Masters in the days before [our tournament]. On Saturday there’s no time to watch but leading up to it I think it’s a good thing.” This proved to be true for Cordeiro and Fairbairn. The two sophomores both recorded team-best scores of 70 in their second and first rounds, respectively. Fairbairn also notched an impressive 71 in his second round of the day. Overall, it was an incredible weekend for Tiger Woods and for fans of golf. The whole situation was almost a storybook return to the top that could not have been scripted much better. Tiger’s journey has, and will continue to inspire generations of young golfers who will face challenges in their own respective journeys.

BACK IN FORM Woods’s impressive performance at the Masters marks his first major championship since 2008. HENRY ZHU—CRIMSON PHOTOGRAPHER

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The Harvard Crimson - Volume CXLVI, No. 54  

The Harvard Crimson - Volume CXLVI, No. 54