The Harvard Crimson The University Daily, Est. 1873 | Volume CXLVI, No. 101 | Cambridge, Massachusetts | Thursday, OCtober 10, 2019
editorial PAGE 6
news PAGE 4
sports PAGE 7
We urge Harvard to actively support immigration initiatives on campus
Ralph Nader encourages law students to pursue public interest careers
After defeating Howard in their first meeting, Harvard takes on Cornell
External Firm Assists in Epstein Review Hasty Pudding
President Lawrence S. Bacow discusses a review of donations made by Jeffrey Epstein on Monday. Kathyrn S. Kuhar—Crimson photographer By Alexandra A. Chaidez and Aidan F. Ryan Crimson Staff Writers
University President Lawrence S. Bacow said in an interview Monday an external law firm is assisting the Office of the General Counsel in their review of donations made to Harvard by billionaire and convicted sex offender Jeffrey E. Epstein. Bacow announced in an email to Harvard affiliates last month that the University would review Epstein’s dona
tions, writing that his connections to the school “raise important concerns.” Just over a week after Bacow’s announcement, Vice President and General Counsel Diane E. Lopez disclosed that the Office of the General Counsel would be conducting the review in an email to Harvard affiliates. Bacow said Monday he made the decision to have the Office of the General Counsel conduct the review. The University also hired Boston-based law firm Foley Hoag to aid in the process.
Bacow said that including external counsel in this review was the proper route to take for this investigation. “It seemed like the appropriate thing to do under the circumstances to ensure that people felt comfortable talking,” Bacow said. Harvard has retained Foley Hoag to conduct external investigations prior to the Epstein investigation. In 2013, the University commissioned a lawyer from the firm to review an internal investigation into whether Harvard had authorized secret searches of resident deans’ email accounts. “It’s one of the more prominent firms in Boston,” Bacow said Monday. “It’s well regarded.” Epstein had long-standing ties to Harvard, donating nearly $9 million to the University between 1998 and 2007 — including a $6.5 million gift to support the Program for Evolutionary Dynamics. Bacow wrote in his email last month that most of the money Epstein gave to Harvard has been spent, but an unused portion totalling $186,000 would be given to organizations that support victims of both human trafficking and sexual assault. The billionaire and convicted sex offender died by suicide in August and faced multiple
allegations of sexually abusing underage girls. The Miami Herald reported Epstein operated a sex ring out of his Palm Beach, Fla. home for years. Roughly 80 women said Epstein molested or sexually abused them before 2006, according to the Herald. Epstein only spent 13 months in a county jail after federal prosecutors arranged an extraordinary plea deal. The 2008 prosecution was led by former United States Secretary of Labor R. Alexander Acosta ’90, who resigned after federal prosecutors in New York opened a new investigation into Epstein. In Monday’s interview, Bacow said the University is investigating Epstein’s financial ties to ensure they have a “good handle” on the donations he has given. “We think we understand what he’s given directly and the timing of those gifts,” Bacow said. “There were allegations and representations by some that he may have directed gifts from others. We’re trying to understand if that happened.” Bacow said he did not have a timeline for the investigation but that it will “last as long as it needs to.” “We want to make sure that it’s done thoroughly and
See Bacow Page 4
Donates $50K By Shera S. Avi-Yonah and Delano R. Franklin Crimson Staff Writers
I n the wake of an August petition calling on the Hasty Pudding Institute of 1770 to donate funds connected to convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein, the Hasty Pudding announced a $50,000 donation to an anti-sex trafficking nonprofit Monday. Undergraduates in the Hasty Pudding Theatricals, which falls under the Institute, organized a petition calling on its graduate board to donate money connected with Epstein to a charity that combats sex trafficking. Dozens of women have accused Epstein, a billionaire investor, of sexually assaulting them when they were children. The Epstein-linked charity Gratitude America, Ltd. donated $50,000 to the Hasty Pudding Institute in 2016, according to tax filings; Epstein served as president of Gratitude America in 2014. The August petition called on the graduate board to donate an equal amount to charity. Hasty Pudding Institute spokesperson Guan-Yue Chen ’17 and Hasty Pudding Theatricals President Elias W. “Eli” Russell ’20 did not respond to
multiple requests for comment on whether Epstein-related pushback prompted the Monday announcement. Still, the Pudding’s donation satisfies the request outlined by the petition. The organization gave funds to Girls Educational and Mentoring Services, a group that supports underage and young adult victims of sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation. “It is impossible to overstate the import and efficacy of the work that [GEMS President] Rachel Lloyd and GEMS does for horrifically exploited young woman. GEMS is, in many ways, unique in its mission and its success stories,” Hasty Pudding Institute President Andrew L. Farkas ’82 said in a press release announcing the donation. The Hasty Pudding’s announcement came less than two weeks after The Crimson reported on the petition and other internal efforts to push the organization toward donating the Epstein-linked funds. The Monday press release also briefly noted other donations the Institute made this year, including gifts to the Arthur Miller Foundation and the
See Pudding Page 3
Harvard Harvard-Funded Starts Crosswalks Delayed Grant for Inclusion By Brie k. Buchanan and Peter E. O’Keefe Crimson Staff Writers
Long-running Harvard-funded efforts to build and renovate pedestrian crossings over Soldiers Field Road in Allston have fallen behind their scheduling projections. Harvard first committed $3.5 million in 2014 to build pedestrian and bicycle crossings in Allston. The planned footpaths are intended to increase accessibility between the Charles River parklands and the neighborhoods. The Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation announced at a public meeting in November 2018 that final design plans for the project would be completed in spring 2019, and construction on the footpaths was slotted to begin in 2019. The designs of the crossways, however, are currently at only 25 percent completion, DCR spokesperson Ol
By Amanda Y. Su Crimson Staff Writer
The Office of the President and the University’s Office for Diversity, Inclusion and Belonging officially launched a joint initiative called the Harvard Culture Lab Innovation Fund to promote diversity and inclusion, the University announced in an email Wednesday. The fund will award competitive grants up to $15,000 or more to pilot and scale ideas that address and solve critical challenges regarding diversity and inclusion at Harvard. The initiative is now accepting project applications through the beginning of December from teams of Harvard students, staff, faculty, postdoctoral researchers, and academic personnel. The selection process includes a written application followed by a pitch competition. “We’re going to try to tap into not the entrepreneurial spirit that is tied to personal wealth, but the entrepreneurial spirit at Harvard that is tied to a kind of common wealth — the campus culture and the sense of community that we have here,” John S. Wilson Jr., senior advisor and strategist to Harvard’s president, said in an interview. The theme of the 2019-2020 funding cycle is “Advancing Diversity, Inclusion, and Belonging through Technology Driven Solutions.” The fund is soliciting ideas that leverage technology to “strengthen and advance” Harvard’s culture of belonging, according to the email. “This Harvard Culture Lab is going to make us proactive,” Wilson said. “Most of the offices of this type are reactive, responding to crises and conflicts all over the campus.” This past spring, the fund awarded its initial pilot grants — given in advance of the fund’s official release this Wednesday — to projects ranging from webbased platforms to assessment tools, awareness campaigns, and
See Innovation Page 3 Inside this issue
Harvard Today 2
ivia K. Dorrance wrote in an emailed statement Monday. In addition to the DCR, the University has partnered with the Boston Planning and Development Agency and the City of Boston to plan and complete the project. To date, the DCR has focused designs on building a crossing at Everett Street and renovating an existing footbridge at Telford Street, though additional sites may be considered if funding permits, according to Gerald Autler, senior project manager of the BPDA. Autler said Tuesday that plans for the project have centered on the Everett Street development following stalled conversations about how to execute the Telford Street construction. “The decision was made that they should focus on Everett Street,” Autler said. “The reason for that was that there was
See Crosswalk Page 4
Pedestrians cross the intersection between Solders Field Road and Cambridge Street across the Charles River. Steve S. Li—Crimson photographer
Researchers Analyze Viral Assembly Process By Juliet E. Isselbacher Crimson Staff Writer
Bassist Toby Leaman plays during a concert for America rock band Dr. Dog in the Rockland Trust Bank Pavillion. Amy Y. Li—Crimson photographer
Harvard scientists have settled a long-standing debate about how viruses assemble, according to a paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on Sept. 30. Chemical Engineering and Physics Professor Vinothan N. Manoharan led the small team — comprising Applied Physics research associate Rees F. Garmann and former Applied Physics graduate student Aaron M. Goldfain — working on the project.The specific virus they examined consists of an RNA strand of about 3600 nucleotides, bounded by a protective capsule — known as a capsid — of 180 proteins, according to Manoharan. Manoharan and Garmann said the team sought to settle a debate between two theories of
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viral assembly. The first theory — called the “en masse” pathway — posits that most of the requisite proteins glom onto to the RNA in a disordered way, and then subsequently sort themselves into a capsid. The second theory — termed the nucleation and growth model — suggests that a few proteins drift onto and off from the RNA molecule, at some point forming a critical mass — or nucleus — from which the capsid proceeds to grow rapidly. Manoharan added that past experimentation has not been able to resolve the question. “People had done experiments looking at many viruses assembling at the same time, and kind of averaging over all of that data. But that doesn’t give you enough information to see which of these pathways actually is actually working,” he
See virus Page 3
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THE HARVARD CRIMSON |
October 10, 2019
For Lunch Bacon Avocado Grilled Cheese Red Curry Chicken Moroccan Stew
For Dinner BBQ Salisbury Steak Spicy Veggie and Potato Curry Shrimp Onion Korean Pancakes
Today’s Events Screening Series: Parasite 7:30-9:45 p.m.
in The Real World
Come to the Brattle Theater this evening to enjoy Bong Joon Ho’s dark modern fairytale. Tickets are free but are first come, first serve.
ACT Allows Students to Take Single Sections
ICA Forum: Racism, Public Health, and Contemporary Art 7-8 p.m. Join a panel of guests tomorrow at the Institute of Contemporary Art to talk to experts in their respective fields. You will also be able to talk with Boston residents. Tickets are free on a first come, first serve basis. JFK Jr. Forum 8-9:15 p.m. United States Representative Joseph P. Kennedy III (D-Mass.), is speaking tomorrow evening at the Institute of Politics. He will be discussing his time in the Peace Corps as well as his time in Congress.
The ACT has just announced that they will be letting students who have already taken the exam once to elect to retake only a single subject. The test will also now be able to be taken online at ACT test centers, and scores will only take two days to return.
Two Nobel Prize Winners for Literature to be Named
Memorial Church, which stands in the center of Harvard Yard, is dedicated to the students that died in World War I. Aiyana G. White—Crimson photographer
Daily Briefing Boston-based law firm Foley Hoag is assisting with the Office of General Counsel’s review of donations made to Harvard by billionaire and convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein, according to University President Lawrence S. Bacow. The review has already revealed that Epstein gave the University nearly $9 million in gifts between 1998 and 2007. In other news, the Hasty Pudding has announced it will donate $50,000 to an anti-sex trafficking nonprofit; the announcement comes less than two weeks after The Crimson reported that undergraduates in the Pudding had circulated a petition calling on the organization to donate funds it had received from a charity linked to Epstein.
No awards were given last year for literature in last year’s Nobel Prize awards. The Swedish Academy plans on naming two laureates for its 2019 prize in literature. People thought to be in contention are Margaret Atwood, author of “The Handmaid’s Tale,” Russian author Lyudmila Ulitskaya, and Canadian author Anne Carson.
Many People Without Power in California as a Fire Precaution
PG&E cut power off for more than 1 million people Wednesday morning. This was due to high winds and a warm day, which created a high risk for wildfires. Many, however, are outraged at the blackout especially since it could take several days to restore power to the homes.
Around the Ivies PENN University of Pennsylvania Law professor Amy Wax has come under fire from Penn undergraduates for her comment at a conservative conference in July 2019 that the United States would be “better off with more whites and fewer nonwhites,” The Daily Pennsylvanian reported yesterday. Wax has a history of making similar comments, and on Sunday the Undergraduate Assembly unanimously passed a resolution calling on the University of Pennsylvania Board of Trustees to fire Wax. The Assembly also called for the Board to require sensitivity training for all Penn Employees.
Students at Dartmouth have been receiving phishing emails on their university email accounts since the beginning of the semester, The Dartmouth reported. The phishing emails — disguised as high-paying job offers soliciting students’ addresses, full names, and phone numbers — are an annual occurrence and historically target freshmen. This new round of phishing emails has incited Dartmouth’s IT department to institute creative incentives to deter phishing, such as a reward for the student who reports the most scams. These incentives are set to be instituted in mid-2020.
The Native American and Indigenous Studies Initiative plans to develop a new concentration at Brown, according to the Brown Daily Herald. The initiative’s associate director Rae Gould called the new concentration “one of the most important things we can do for Indigenous Peoples.” With the help of a $750,000 grant awarded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation last month, NAISI hopes the new concentration will allow both students and faculty to increase their understanding of the cultural traditions and political experience of Indigenous Peoples. The NAISI Steering Committee hopes to implement this concentration within three years.
THE UNIVERSITY DAILY, EST. 1873
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THE HARVARD CRIMSON | october 10, 2019
virus From Page 1
Innovation From Page 1
Scientists Record Viral Assembly
Harvard Initiates Culture Lab Fund
said. Manoharan said that his team harnessed the ultra-sensitive technique of interferic scattering microscopy in order to see the tiny individual viruses — which span only 30 nanometers in diameter. What the team saw, he added, supports the nucleation and growth model for small RNA viruses. “It could take minutes before the nucleus forms — the nucleus is the cluster of proteins on the RNA. But then once that nucleus
Once the nucleus forms, the virus grows in a matter of seconds. Vinothan N. Manoharan Professor of Physics
forms, the virus grows in a matter of seconds,” he said. Manoharan added that the team made one further observa-
tion — namely, that a high protein concentration can induce multiple protein nuclei to form on the RNA, creating multiple shells that fail to merge together. “If you get more than one nucleus forming on the RNA before the assembly is complete, you end up with these monster structures, which are imperfect and wouldn’t serve the virus very well,” Garmann said. Manoharan said this observation has a potential clinical upshot. “It suggests that one way to
disrupt viral assembly might actually be to increase the rate at which these nuclei are forming, which is a bit counterintuitive, because it would correspond to increasing the amount of viral protein that’s inside your system,” he said. Garmann said he spots new questions on the horizon. “How does the RNA affect the nucleation process? How does it either promote or facilitate it?” firstname.lastname@example.org
Pudding From Page 1
Hasty Pudding Gifts $50K to Non-Profit Maestro Cares Foundation. The Hasty Pudding Institute previously named Epstein one of its major donors. The organization’s website listed him among donors contributing over $50,000 in 2018 as recently as April 2019. Epstein is not on the roster of 2019 donors. In August, current members and alumni of the Hasty Pudding Theatricals questioned the decision to keep the funds associated with Epstein, who faced charges for crimes including sex trafficking of minors.
Epstein died in an apparent suicide in a Manhattan jail cell last month awaiting his trial for those charges. A November 2018 report by the Miami Herald identified roughly 80 women who allege Epstein sexually abused them between 2001 and 2006 and uncovered a sex ring Epstein operated out of his Palm Beach, Fla. home. Prosecutors first convicted Epstein in 2008 on charges related to the solicitation of an underage prostitute. He served 13
months in prison. Epstein was again indicted in July 2019 on one count of sex trafficking of a minor and one count of conspiracy to commit sex trafficking. Harvard has announced it will donate funds remaining from gifts Epstein made to the University to organizations that support victims of human trafficking and sexual assault. University President Lawrence S. Bacow wrote last month that Harvard would donate an unspent balance of $186,000 in
gifts from Epstein and conduct a review into the University’s connections to Epstein. Bacow also wrote that records revealed the University received $8.9 million in donations from Epstein between 1998 and 2007. Harvard’s Office of the General Counsel is conducting the review. Bacow said in a Monday interview that the University hired an outside firm to assist its lawyers. email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
events. For example, the “This is How You Say My Name” project — one of the spring 2019 pilot grant recipients — integrated name recording into my.harvard, providing faculty, teaching assistants, and advisors the opportunity to hear the correct pronunciation of students’ names prior to engaging with them. “This project really captured
This Harvard Culture Lab is going to make us proactive. John S. Wilson, Jr. Senior Advisor to the University President
just what’s possible when it comes to leveraging technology to promote belonging and inclusion,” Jainaba M. Seckan, project manager at the Office of Diversity and Inclusion, said. Wilson said the fund was born out of the framework recommended by the Presidential Task Force on Inclusion and Belonging, which former University President Drew G. Faust convened in 2016. Over the course of two years, the 55-member University-wide
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task force — comprising professors, staff, and alumni — evaluated Harvard’s efforts to create an inclusive environment and recommended improvements. In March 2018, the task force released its final report. Its recommendations included enhancing mental health resources, improving faculty recruitment and retention strategies, and building two University-wide centers — one for “identity, politics, and culture” and one for “inclusion and belonging.” Since the report, the task force has also conducted a pilot “Pulse Survey” — the largest survey ever conducted in the history of Harvard. Around 24,000 University affiliates participated in the “Pulse Survey,” according to Wilson. Wilson said despite potential financial limitations, the fund’s ultimate goal is to promote innovation and better the campus culture. “We’re not going to be constrained by the funds,” he said. “The bottom line is the culture. We’re looking to improve the Harvard University culture and make it reflect one of sustainable inclusive excellence.” email@example.com
THE HARVARD CRIMSON |
October 10, 2019
Nader Pushes Public External Crosswalk Project Service Jobs in HLS Talk in Allston Delayed Firm Reviews Gifts Bacow From Page 1
By Meena Venkataramanan Crimson Staff Writer
Former United States presidential candidate Ralph Nader urged Harvard Law School students to enter public interest legal careers at a lunchtime event Wednesday. Around 100 people, including both Harvard affiliates and members of the public, attended the event hosted by the Harvard Law Record — the Law School’s independent student-run newspaper. Nader, who graduated from the Law School in 1958, was a member of the paper’s staff while attending the Law School. In his remarks, Nader urged current students to pursue public interest law over jobs in corporate law. Historically, Harvard Law graduates have overwhelmingly gravitated toward the private sector though the school has pursued initiatives to encourage students to enter the public sector. “This is a law school of huge talent,” Nader. “We’re in a major constitutional crisis, the likes of which this country has never seen.” Nader said there is a pressing need for more public interest lawyers in today’s political
climate. Nader has run for president of the United States four times in 1996, 2000, 2004, and 2008.
Lawlessness is the norm when it comes to the rich and powerful, which is why when you come to this law school you should have a choice. Ralph Nader Former U.S. Presidential Candidate
In 2000, he was the Green Party nominee and received 2.7 percent of the national vote. Nader also spoke about national politics and called U.S. President Donald Trump the “most impeachable president of all time.” “Lawlessness is the norm when it comes to the rich and powerful, which is why when you come to this law school you should have a choice,” Nader said. “Do you want to be a traditional lawyer who draft con-
tracts, deeds, and represents corporations or do you want to focus on lawlessness, which is the norm?” Roughly halfway through his speech, Nader asked the audience how many of its members were first-year law students. A handful of audience members raised their hands. He then asked how many were secondand third-year law students. Almost no one raised their hands. “See what I mean?” Nader said in response. “See what happens to you? You come in idealistic, and then you get processed. It happens all over the country.” Vincent R. Parascandolo, a first-year student at the Law School, said he attended the talk because he has appreciated Nader’s work in consumer advocacy and considers him a “fighter for justice.” “I think he makes a good point that we would be best served by using our time here to look beyond the narrow technicalities of the law just for commercial purposes and look to, really, what it means to be an officer of the court and pursue justice,” Parascandolo said. firstname.lastname@example.org
Crosswalk From Page 1
just a real difference in opinion among different segments among the community about the proper approach to Telford Street crossing.” After the Everett Street construction finishes, Autler said he anticipates that the discussion surrounding Telford Street will come more into focus. He added that it will be important to evaluate how to best use Harvard’s monetary contribution. “Once we’ve made headway on working with DCR to get the Everett Street crossing done, the next thing we’ll want to reopen that conversation and determine what the most effective way of using the Harvard contribution is and raising additional funds if necessary to complete you know one or both of those crossings,” Autler said. Some Allston residents said they are disappointed by the delay of construction. “Making it safer to walk and bike from Allston to the Charles River has been a neighborhood priority for years and years,” Allston resident Harry E. Mattison said. “There was, I’d say, a lot of enthusiasm for Harvard sharing that interest and it’s just very sad that years after Harvard pledged that money to make it happen that it still feels like we’re at square one.” University spokesperson Brigid O’Rourke reaffirmed Harvard’s commitment to the project in an emailed statement Monday. She did not comment on the timeline delays. “Harvard is proud of its $3.5 million commitment to helping support safe pedestrian access to the Charles River, and looks forward to the project moving forward,” O’Rourke wrote. Autler said though BPDA is a collaborator in the crossings project, the scheduling mile
correctly,” Bacow said. “I’m not going to put a limit on the timing.” Bacow also declined to commit the University to releasing the results of the review after it is completed.
It seemed like the appropriate thing to do under the circumstances to ensure that people felt comfortable talking. Lawrence S. Bacow University President
“I don’t know what the results of the review will be,” Bacow said. “We’ll make that decision when the time comes.” email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
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stones are set by DCR. “We’re very much a partner in helping them get this done, but it’s a DCR project, not a BPDA project,” Autler said. “Ul-
Harvard is proud of its $3.5 million commitment to helping support safe pedestrian access to the Charles River. Brigid O’Rourke University Spokesperson
timately, they’re the ones who kind of are deciding about the time frame.” Since 2017, DCR has organized multiple public meetings to gather input for the design and construction of the crossways. Dorrance wrote in an emailed statement Tuesday that the DCR invites the public to share their perspectives in an open comment period after each meeting. “DCR recognizes the importance of public input in parks projects and takes pride in listening to stakeholder concerns and addressing them through revised design plans,” Dorrance wrote. “The agency received approximately 100 comments regarding the improvement project, which DCR has reviewed.” The DCR plans to host an additional public meeting in the coming months to gather more input from Allston residents and present more design ideas, according to Dorrance.
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THE HARVARD CRIMSON | October 9, 2019
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THE HARVARD CRIMSON | october 10, 2019
Editorial The Crimson Editorial board
Defending DACA, and Everyone Else
eferred Action for Childhood Arrivals has been under attack since the Trump administration announced its intent to terminate the program, putting the status of approximately 800,000 DACA recipients around the nation at risk. The University of California has fought this decision and it is the subject of upcoming Supreme Court hearings, for which Harvard has submitted an amicus brief in support of the program. We commend Harvard for representing and advocating for its students on the national scene and urge the administration to continue doing so. Our undocumented peers are facing a difficult time as their safety and the validity of their presence in this country is attacked while the whole nation watches. In light of the scale of the uncertainty they face, Harvard must defend and advocate for their well-being in all facets of college life. To the extent that the amicus brief furthers those ends, we support it. That said, we are concerned that the brief also perpetuates a harmful narrative. Framing this issue as one limited to “remarkable” students is harmful for undocumented immigrants who are not students at institutions like Harvard. The immigration system is already a meritocratic one — where one’s humanity is measured by how well one does in school or what income one can contribute to the country — and Harvard needs
to take a stance that advocates for all undocumented immigrants, not just those who measure up to Harvard’s standard for being “remarkable.” Exceptionalism has no place in a humane immigration system, and Harvard must be conscious of the narrative that this brief buys into. To truly honor the humanity of undocumented students, Harvard’s advocacy cannot stop here. Harvard’s defense of DACA students must also be extended to undocumented
In light of the scale of the uncertainty they face, Harvard must defend and advocate for their well-being in all facets of college life. To the extent that the amicus brief furthers those ends, we support it. students who do not benefit from DACA. The voices of undocumented students have been silenced in national conversations surrounding immigration reform because all of the focus has been on DACA. Due to cutoff dates for the law’s applicability, many students do not qualify for DACA and are thus not able to legally work or be safe from deportation. Advocating for just DACA is no longer enough. Harvard must unequivocally advo-
cate for all undocumented students, with or without DACA. Period. Meanwhile, we urge Harvard to take initiative and actively support immigration initiatives on campus, such as the TPS Coalition. TPS holders are especially under threat in light of the program’s possible termination, pending court cases, in 2020. Harvard not only has an obligation to its students, but also to its workers who dedicate both physical and emotional labor to the University. Finally, we recognize and appreciate the efforts of the University of California system in taking legal action and bringing the case for undocumented students all the way to the Supreme Court. The Court now has the opportunity — indeed, the obligation — to recognize the humanity of undocumented immigrants all around the nation. Harvard, as a leading institution for higher learning, has a similar obligation to lead and continue to advocate for all its students, regardless of their immigration status, whose right to live, work, and belong in this country is under threat. This staff editorial solely represents the majority view of The Crimson Editorial Board. It is the product of discussions at regular Editorial Board meetings. In order to ensure the impartiality of our journalism, Crimson editors who choose to opine and vote at these meetings are not involved in the reporting of articles on similar topics.
The Crimson @thecrimson Op-ed
To Harvard’s Chinese Students
he first of October is the national day of China. This year, it was even the 70th anniversary of the momentous day Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People’s Republic of China at Tiananmen Square. Claiming that “the Chinese people… have now stood up [against the] oppression and exploitation by foreign imperialism and domestic reactionary governments,” Mao announced on October 1, 1949 that “the era in which the Chinese people were regarded as uncivilized is now ended.” Alongside the symbolic anniversary, I have been reflecting about what it means to be Chinese. And especially as protests in Hong Kong, a place where I have grown up and lived in, continue for the fourth month, in no small part due to the interference from the central Chinese government, I am grappling with the significant identity crisis — whether to identify as a Hong Konger, a Hong Konger in China, a Chinese in Hong Kong, or Chinese — that many of my fellow Hong Kongers are facing. Many Hong Kongers recognize that we have lived under legal protections of religion, expression, and assembly and are guaranteed free trials and human rights, most of which are unavailable in mainland China. British colonization, although morally wrong and historically indefensible, left us with a robust rule of law and the promise that our fundamental human rights would be preserved for at least a few decades. As China justifies its actions during the Tiananmen Square massacre by pointing towards the stability and economic boom that the country has experienced in the past decade, we in Hong Kong cannot help but point towards the atrocity that happened when the army was pitted against its people, the Uyghurs who are forced into re-education camps, and the lawyers who are persecuted for defending human rights. Conscience precludes us from falling in line with the national story and identity that Beijing is spinning. In China, this view would be dismissed as a blind fondness for foreign powers or a selfish attempt to pit the Chi-
nese people’s government against outside forces. And this is internally coherent with both Mao’s rhetoric at the founding of China and the current government’s understanding of Chinese history — that the modern Chinese state has overcome a “century of humiliation” for the Chinese race. By solely emphasizing the solidarity among Chinese people against foreign powers, the Chinese government has carefully curtailed a narrative that frames democracy as a Western trap and dismisses popular discontent and legitimate demands as foreign conspiracies to divide Chinese unity. According to the Chinese government, one can either buy into its narrative and its version of Chinese identity or
As we deviate from this predetermined identity of what it means to be Chinese, what are we left with? Can one be Chinese without loyally buying into what it means — for the Chinese government — to be Chinese? betray their Chinese identity. Undeniably, there is a national interest in cultivating patriotism and stemming the growth of independence or separatist movements, to the limits of a government’s legitimacy. But to ignore the opinions that motivate these tendencies and to deny the right to these opinions is autocratic and delegitimizing. I believe that Hong Kong independence movements are unrealistic, counterproductive and willfully neglectful of the shared cultural and ethnical identities among Chinese people. However, the recent rise of these sentiments is only a symptom of the very real fears of crackdowns and violations by the Chinese government. In fact, Hong Kong independence was never a supported movement even under British colonization. But as the national narrative about identity seems to revolve around the monolithic gratitude towards the re-
et me tell you about the time I got professionally hustled. It’s fall 2017 — my first semester at Harvard. Having never touched the world of tech entrepreneurship, and seeing the startup scene at the Harvard Innovation Labs, the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and MassChallenge, I was itching to try my hand at running a venture. Enter a new inter-Ivy League honors society — let’s call it AVC for “Actually a Venture Capitalist” — running a huge New England pitch competition where the top three teams win $10,000 each. I had never seen more than a few hundred dollars at a time — to be able to spend $10,000 working on a project of my own choosing seemed too good to be true. I rounded up two equally naive friends of mine and we got to work. We spent nearly three months tirelessly preparing the engineering and business models for this competition. With a combined total of three weeks of technical expertise under our belts (i.e., one week of an introductory computer science class), we sought the help of engineers at the Active Learning Labs and created a mechanical prototype. And with not even a single day in a macro or microeconomics lecture), we cold-called dozens of business development gurus on LinkedIn for advice. We quit comps and stunted new relationships to put time into seeing our venture succeed. After many sacrifices and weeks of work later, we had our product.
It took me a while to finally swallow my pride. Today, I’m okay with saying my first “win” in entrepreneurship was not as impressive as I’d like it to be.
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By justin c. wong
By mohib a. jafri
vitalization of the Chinese race, Hong Kongers have become more inclined to believe that the current protests are “the last stand” and more have abandoned their Chinese identity. As we deviate from this predetermined identity of what it means to be Chinese, what are we left with? Can one be Chinese without loyally buying into what it means — for the Chinese government — to be Chinese? I believe so. Harvard, as former University President Charles W. Eliot’s, Class of 1853, quote on Dexter gate says, encourages students to “Enter to grow in wisdom” and “Depart to serve better thy country and thy kind.” I believe that to fulfill this honorable patriotic duty is not to be blindly nationalistic or to be an apologist about the darker parts of a country’s history. One should love one’s country not because of indoctrination or intimidation. Rather, one should rejoice in one’s national identity because of a shared sense of pride in its history, culture, or fundamental beliefs. Therefore, when facing the human rights violations of the autocratic government, one’s duty to their country and kind compels one to speak up and criticise immorality. I am proud to be a Chinese Hong Konger. My cultural heritage, from gatherings over yum-cha to the actual tradition of brewing tea, has been exported around the world, and my ethnicity is an unerasable component of how I was raised, who I am, and how I see the world. But I regret that this culture and ethnicity is now being championed by a government who purportedly claims to protect its people, yet, at the same time, fails to even respect their basic human rights, dignity, and value. So for the 70th anniversary of the founding of the modern Chinese state, I call on Chinese students at Harvard to love their country — not by unthinkingly accepting the nationalistic narrative and identity, but by loving and respecting their fellow citizens and being responsible citizens and citizen-leaders who critically consider what is best for their country and kind. —Justin Y.C. Wong ’22, a Crimson Editorial editor, lives in Dunster House.
We called it Kumo Drones. Kumo, which means “spider” in Japanese, aimed to create a highly flexible peer-to-peer drone delivery network in densely clustered college towns for academic researchers to exchange samples and specimens across campuses. We envisioned a future where increased collaboration in research generated faster and more impactful discoveries to help advance humanity. We submitted our slide deck and sent over all our engineering documents. Kumo Drones was ready for its first win. The huge competition was not as huge as we had expected it to be. Competing for the top three spots, only three teams showed up: A team of Ph.D. students four years into creating their product, another team of business school students engineering a new cryptocurrency coin, and us, three baby-faced amateurs fresh out of high school. Surprise, surprise: We placed top three. We sat on a coffee table with our slide deck pulled up on my laptop and pitched our venture. After some half-hearted nods and grunts, we got a pat on the back and a photo with all three teams huddled around one certificate that I could have gotten from a Dave and Buster’s birthday party. That was it. A few days later, AVC’s emails bounced, its website went offline, and it had all of our intellectual property. I was mad. After putting our blood, sweat, and dropped problem sets on the line, we came home with nothing. Saying yes to this venture in effect made me so say no to hundreds of other opportunities. I felt like I wasted my freshman fall. So I told the story in a different way. I told myself that I placed top three in my first ever pitch competition against teams of MBAs and Ph.D.’s — technically true, but truthful omission in reality. I kept this version of the story to convince myself that I was a natural in the entrepreneurial world. Deep down, though, I knew this was a lie. It took me a while to finally swallow my pride. Today, I’m okay with saying my first “win” in entrepreneurship was not as impressive as I’d like it to be. I’m okay with having been that wide-eyed freshman, optimistic and unassuming of others. And I’m okay with asserting that while I’ve learned a lot in this journey, I’ve only scratched the surface. The stories we tell ourselves dictate our truths.
The stories we tell ourselves dictate our truths. The power of controlling the narrative is a power I still struggle to deal with today. The power of controlling the narrative is a power I still struggle to deal with today. Before, I called myself an early success ready for more wins. But that story doesn’t take into account the setbacks and struggles that come along the way. So I’ve revised it: I’m just a guy who’s been lucky enough to mess up so many times that the right path becomes slightly clearer by the day. Two years later, I’m thankful to have been hustled my freshman fall. Though we didn’t make it out with $10,000 or even a certificate of participation, I take from that experience something greater. At the end of my time at Harvard, I don’t want to leave with just a list of accomplishments — prizes awarded, funds raised, titles earned. I want to leave with a killer toolbox. I left the competition with a faux trophy. Two years later, I have better tools, and the lessons I learned that semester endure in everything I create. Consider this an open letter to AVC, from the Kumo Drones team: Thank you for leading us down an unanticipated path. We’re better because of it. —Mohib A. Jafri ’21 is an Electrical Engineering concentrator in Quincy House. His column appears on alternate Thursdays.
THE HARVARD CRIMSON | OCTOBER 10, 2019
Men’s soccer at umass lowell l, 1-0 ___________________________________________________________
woMen’s soccer AT YALE W, 1-0 ___________________________________________________________
Men’s water polo Vs. iona w, 19-9 ___________________________________________________________
WOMEN’S VOLLEYBALL AT BROWN W, 3-0 ___________________________________________________________
field hockey at liberty w, 2-1 ___________________________________________________________
FOOTBALL vs. HOWARD W, 62-17 ___________________________________________________________
men’s water polo at st. francis W, 17-15 ___________________________________________________________
Around the Ivies: Harvard Plays Host to Cornell By JOSEPH W. MINATEL Crimson Staff Writer
ootball is for everyone. Are we F the only country in the world that places such a unique emphasis on the sport? Sure. But it’s still for everyone. People of all different backgrounds, views, and opinions can come together in harmony in the company of a good ole game of football. Devoted Twitter-goers, such as myself, probably know where I’m headed with this one. This past weekend, while the Dallas Cowboys failed to show up for their matchup against the Green Bay Packers, over 93,000 people showed up to the state-of-the-art AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas. Most of these fans would leave with the very Cowboys-familiar feeling of frustration and disappointment, customary for big games involving the Cowboys. I was not alone when a certain segment of the Fox broadcast left me laughing on my couch. In honoring a wonderful new Medal of Honor Museum accompanying the new Texas Rangers stadium in Arlington, multiple important people who made the museum happened were pictured on the field before the game, among them former President George W. Bush, a part-owner of the Rangers. When the broadcast went live, President Bush was pictured in Jerry Jones’ owner’s box laughing next to none other than Ellen Degeneres. Many fans cried out against Ellen for “befriending” President Bush due to their clear disagreement on politics. Ellen defended her friendship on her show, saying that disagreements should not pit people against one another in this country. I stand with Ellen. Everyone should do their best to understand everyone else. And there is no better outlet for such human bonding than football. So
with that, I ready for the next installment of one of our most admirable aspects of culture and bonding: football.
lafayette vs. princeton
For the third straight week, an Ivy League football game will be televised on a national ESPN network on Friday night. This matchup, however, is the first non-conference game to take up that mantle. You can thank nationally ranked Princeton for that one. In its last non-conference game, the Tigers are hoping to stay undefeated heading into Ancient Eight play. To be totally honest, each week I write one of these things and talk about how it’s been even longer since Princeton has lost. At this point I can’t even remember when it was. But it’s been at least since 2017. I doubt that ends this week. Princeton by 28.
holy cross vs. brown
This week, Brown waived the GRE test for 24 of its graduate programs. I was shocked when I heard this. Not because Brown removed this requirement, but because it meant that before this moment, Brown did require the GRE for these graduate programs. I am surprised that standardized testing had any place on a campus with absolutely 0 (zero) General Education requirements. While it may seem that I’m still poking fun at our neighbors from Rhode Island, I say this past sentence out of envy. I wish that General Education was not so intertwined with a liberal arts education. Those SLS 20 midterms were cruel and unusual. I wish we had the flexibility of Brown’s General Education requirements. Unfortunately, the Bears’ defense is even more flexible than their curriculum.
Holy Cross by 14.
sacred heart vs. pennsylvania
All four of the Ivy League teams playing out of conference this week get to do so at home. This is good news for the conference. Tough to say if this is good news for Sacred Heart. Philadelphia proves a peculiar place, both culturally and academically. This week, one of Penn’s peer institutions from downtown Philly was caught in the middle of a news story that definitely counts as bad press. An engineering professor was caught having spent over $190,000 of federal academic grants on personal costs, most notably on strip clubs. I’m sure he’s very busy writing the engineering paper related to these costs, so I won’t dwell on the story. Penn by 7.
central connecticut vs. columbia
I’m not really sure what constitutes central Connecticut, I’m guessing it means not touching New York. If that’s the case, the Blue Devils will be forced to take the bus instead of the train to the Lions’ concrete jungle territory. In my first ATI of the semester, I said that Columbia had turned around its recent history in the cellar of the Ivy League. It is with a heavy heart that I admit this was shortlived. This past week, the New York Knicks conducted an open gym practice at Columbia University. I don’t think I have to explain why this means that Columbia may have some trouble winning from this point on. Let’s hope that the Knicks only rub off on the basketball team. Columbia by 17.
yale at dartmouth
Consider this matchup lucky. Yes, we’re super early in the
CLEAR EYES, FULL HEARTS After defeating Howard in the teams’ first ever meeting, Harvard will take on Ivy League foe Cornell. TIMOTHY R. O’MEARA—Crimson photographer
year. But this contest has some major conference implications. Both teams are undefeated, and Yale started the year picked as the Ivy League favorite thanks to its returning 21 of 22 starters that I can’t stop gushing about. Dartmouth and its Big Green Defensive MachineTM, however, has looked fantastic going back to last season. Its championship hopes were dashed in a similarly undefeated matchup with Princeton last season. Both squads will be taking this early October game with the importance of the last game of the season. This matchup, while early, has major implications. There’s a reason that this game isn’t slotted into the normal 1:00 P.M. start time for most Ancient Eight football games. It fully deserves the Ivy League
primetime spot at 1:30 P.M. that it earned. Dartmouth by 4.
cornell vs. harvard
I really want to talk about this game, I do. I really want to talk about how, in the past two years, Cornell has topped Harvard by a combined seven points. I really want to point out that these games, while not expected to be particularly or especially exciting, turned into enthralling barnburners. I really want to talk about how the Crimson, for two straight years, has had some ineffable struggle in close games against its Big Red rivals. I would love to talk about these things. However, there is something much, much more important to address that transcends the game of football.
Last week, some of the most exciting news in the history of the area came out of Ithaca. On October 3, the Cornell Daily Sun excitedly reported that Ithaca, New York, was ranked as the very top car-free city in the nation as apart of the “very small metro” category. I know, I’m not sure why I didn’t see it in the New York Times either. I’m proud of you, Ithaca. This major accomplishment will not be overlooked. I was going to take an easy cheap shot at Ithaca, but not this week. Not in the midst of its finest moment. Unfortunately for Cornell, this week’s game is not in Ithaca. It’ll be played in a place that sadly did not win the “very small metro” category for top car-free cities: on Harvard’s campus. email@example.com
Jon Morosi ’04 Talks MLB, WBC, and Years at Harvard By ZING GEE Contributing Writer
“ I think [it’s] a good thing, that what you study does not neces-
sarily have to be what you do for your career,” said Jon Morosi ‘04, former Crimson men’s hockey beat writer and junior varsity baseball player for Har-
PUCK DROP Former Crimson editor Jon Morosi is a baseball analyst now, but once covered men’s hockey at Harvard. PHOTO COURTESY FOX SPORTS
vard. “[My parents] very easily could have said, ‘You know, Jon, we didn’t send you to Harvard to be a baseball writer.’” Morosi graduated Harvard in 2004 with a degree in environmental science and public policy, but has worked in sports journalism and broadcasting ever since his time at Harvard. “I wouldn’t trade my experience [as a college journalist] for anything,” he said. The former Crimson editor was a beat writer for the Tigers with the Detroit Free Press from 2006-2009 before joining FOXSports.com as a national baseball writer and columnist. Now, he works at MLB Network, appearing on numerous programs, including the Emmy-award winning “MLB Tonight,” while also having the chance to cover for NHL Network at times. He resides in his home state of Michigan with his wife and three daughters. As part of his work study in his first year on campus, Morosi worked in the athletic media relations department, keeping stat sheets at the hockey games. Then, Mike Valentino ‘01, senior beat writer for men’s hockey at the time, told Jon he should write for the Crimson and cover hockey the following year. Once Valentino graduated, Morosi took over the open beat his sophomore year (also doing play-by-play on WHRB broadcasts), following the hockey team throughout the winter until the season ended and he took the field for the baseball team.
The highlight of Morosi’s years covering the Crimson’s time on the ice? In March of 2002, Morosi sat and watched sophomore Tyler Kolarik ‘04 bury the puck in the third overtime of the longest championship game in ECAC history (96:11) to secure the 4-3 triumph over Cornell. “One of the great parts of it too,” Morosi reflected, “is that when you when you...cover a team that’s meaningful to you, and then they do something special, there’s a really great amount of gratitude in that, and I think that’s totally great.” Among the many thrills of covering professional baseball, Morosi’s favorite might be the World Baseball Classic. “I think that anybody that knows me and has talked to me about international baseball realizes that I probably say we should have it every single year,” said Morosi. “I love it that much…I’m already getting very excited about 2021.” Morosi said the noise from the 2017 WBC games in Miami left his ears ringing from the time he left the stadium at night to the time he returned the next day. It’s a phenomenon, like the World Cup, “where the fans are not there to see the show — they believe they are the show,” Morosi explained. “That makes for really special sporting events.” When asked about baseball’s return to the 2020 Tokyo Olympics, Morosi expressed his excitement for baseball to grow on the world stage. The Olympics provides opportunities “for the sport to grow around the world, in plac-
es where it hasn’t necessarily traditionally been strong,” and you wonder how many dreams will be inspired by young people watching their national team participate. Morosi acknowledges the difficulty and sometimes volatility of the journalism industry. “I basically decided around [sophomore year] that I was going to do this until someone told me that I couldn’t,” he said. “And it hasn’t happened yet... It’s a funny business, you never know when you get the tap on the shoulder that says ‘Hey, it’s time to do something else.’ There’s always that possibility out there, because it’s such a competitive and talent driven industry.” In other words, you have to do your homework, and it surely helps to be so passionate about what you cover. Morosi sees several parallels to Harvard in his profession. “Your job is to is to comprehensively inform yourself every day on something that you have a very keen interest, “ he said. “That is at its core, still a very academic and intellectual pursuit, whether it’s for television... the internet...a newspaper, a magazine, radio—it’s still trying to become an expert...by learning new things every day. And that actually, when you think about Harvard’s educational mission, lines up pretty nicely.” For Morosi, interacting with players also incorporates an academic pursuit, considering Morosi learned better Spanish throughout his professional career in order to connect with players more closely.
In September of 2019, “I was in the Mets clubhouse and Robinson Cano called me over,” said Morosi. “Then he just started speaking to me in Spanish. And he was smiling because we’ve talked before, and he really enjoyed the fact that I did—I’ve made this effort to speak Spanish.” Despite the benefit of Morosi’s linguistic skills, his one regret was that he didn’t take more Spanish at Harvard. It’s important to Morosi to connect with players and he enjoys telling the stories of where players have come from and how they’ve emerged as unique performers in such a competitive, talent-driven industry. “I think in journalism, yes, objectivity is a big part of our jobs,” Jon iterated on the phone. “But humanity is too, and we can’t lose that authenticity of who we are... there’s a human element in sports, [and] there’s a human element in journalism too.” Since writing for the Crimson, Morosi has provided that human element, whether it be behind the microphone, behind the keyboard, or in front of the camera. He reflected, “I would say that I just feel very, very lucky that I still somehow get paid to talk to people about something I love.” Considering Jon Morosi has made it this far without anyone telling him to stop — and it’s worked out this well — we don’t see him stopping any time soon. Now it’s playoff baseball season. You’re excited, we’re excited, Jon’s excited, and you’ll see him on MLB Network.
THE HARVARD CRIMSON | October 10, 2019
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