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The Harvard Crimson The University Daily, Est. 1873  | Volume CXLV, No. 73  |  Cambridge, Massachusetts  |  wednesday, may 23, 2018

editorial PAGE 10

sports PAGE 11

News PAGE 5

Harvard has, by and large, benefited from Faust’s judgment and restraint.

Junior infielder Meagan Lantz pushed past a torn ACL to start in 2018.

Khurana called the April 13 arrest of a Harvard undergraduate “distressing.”

star prof fryer facing investigations Harvard has barred Fryer from setting foot in the research lab he heads. ­B y SHERA s. Avi-Yonah

and Angela N. fu Crimson Staff Writers

Economics Professor Roland G. Fryer, Jr. is being investigated separately by Harvard and the state of Massachusetts and has been barred by University officials from setting foot in the research lab he heads, according to individuals with knowledge of the situation and documents obtained by The Crimson. The Harvard investigation—led by the University’s Office for Dispute Resolution, which investigates allegations of sexual and gender-based harassment—is based on at least one Title IX complaint filed with the office. Fryer is the subject of at least two Title IX complaints, according to two of the individuals who filed the complaints. One of the complaints specifically alleges Fryer committed “egregious” acts of verbal sexual harassment, according to Monica R. Shah and Naomi R. Shatz, lawyers at Boston-based firm Zalkind, Duncan, and Bernstein who are representing the woman who filed that complaint. The woman’s complaint alleges

Fryer spoke about sex in the workplace, made “sexually inappropriate comments” to and about employees and others, and “objectified and sexualized” women including female staffers, according to the lawyers. Shah and Shatz wrote their client first reported Fryer’s to Harvard officials roughly a year ago and that “she was retaliated against for seeking relief.” The two lawyers also wrote Harvard failed to enforce its policies meant to protect employees from workplace discrimination and sexual harassment. “Our client found that when the object of her complaint was a star faculty member, those policies were not enforced,” Shah and Shatz wrote. Fryer wrote in an emailed statement provided by his lawyer that he denies committing acts of discrimination or harassment. “Let me state unequivocally that I have not — and would not — engage in any discrimination or harassment of any form,” Fryer wrote in the statement. “Any claim to the contrary is patently false.”

See fryer Page 4

Economics professor Roland G. Fryer, Jr. depicted in a 2006 photo. Fryer is being investigated separately by Harvard and the state of Massachusetts and has been barred from setting foot in the research lab he heads. Christopher Kwok—Crimson photographer

Overseer Resigns Over Fossil Fuel Ties

Khurana Approval Rating Up From 2017

­­B y kristine e. guillaume

­B y caroline s. engelmayer

and jamie d. halper

and michael e. xie

Crimson Staff Writers

Crimson Staff Writers

Kathryn “Kat” A. Taylor ’80, a member of the Harvard Board of Overseers, resigned her post Tuesday in protest of what she called Harvard’s “failure” to “adopt ethical commitments” when investing its $37.1 billion endowment. Taylor, who joined the Board of Overseers—the University’s second highest governing body—in 2012, wrote a letter to her fellow board members, the Harvard Corporation, University President Drew G. Faust, and President-elect Lawrence S. Bacow Tuesday announcing her resignation. In the letter, she noted she has been “pressing” Harvard to change its investment practices since she began her term. “We should and would be horrified to find out that Harvard investments are actually funding some of the pernicious activities against which our standout academic leadership rails,” she wrote. “But that is where we still sit, vulnerable to the inevitable association with our investment targets that profiting from them demands.” Taylor specifically pointed to fossil fuel investments. Colin Butterfield, the head of Harvard Management Company’s natural resources portfolio, said in April 2017 HMC was “pausing” investments in certain fossil fuels—though the University has repeatedly refused to categorically divest from fossil fuels. The University has faced consistent pressure in recent years from faculty and students around the issue. More than 100 Harvard faculty signed an open letter in April 2014 urging University President Drew G. Faust and the Corporation to divest from fossil fuel investments. In Feb. 2015, a group of 20 students stormed and occupied Massachusetts Hall— where Faust’s office is located—to demand fossil fuel divestment. And in March 2017, 20 members of the student activist group Divest Harvard blockaded University Hall to demand similar action. Despite mounting pressure, Faust has consistently argued against divesting from fossil fuels, asserting Harvard can better tackle climate change through research.“While I share their belief in the importance of addressing climate change, I do not believe, nor do my colleagues on the Corporation, that university divestment from the fossil fuel industry is warranted or wise,”

Fifty-five percent of surveyed graduating seniors said they had favorable opinions of Dean of the College Rakesh Khurana, marking a rise from his historically low approval rating of 42 percent last year. The senior survey—conducted annually by The Crimson—showed that 32 percent of respondents in the Class of 2018 said they had unfavorable opinions of Khurana, 11 percent said they had no opinion, and the remaining students said they did not have enough information to respond. Of the more than 1600 graduating seniors, 704 responded to the survey. Khurana, who has largely become the face of the College’s controversial social group policy, has

Class photo day

Harvard Today 2

MARTA—Crimson photographer

See ratings Page 5

Two College Glee Club to Expand to All Genders Students Arrested at Lowell Site By molly c. mccafferty Crimson Staff Writer


Crimson Staff Writer

Harvard University Police Department arrested two College students on charges of breaking and entering, drug possession, and trespassing Monday, according to public police filings. The undergraduates broke into the Lowell House construction site, per a public HUPD log filed May 14. An officer saw them climbing on scaffolding and spoke with them, per the report. The report stated that, at that point, the students “admitted to having cocaine in their possession.” Both College students “were then placed under arrest” on three charges: breaking and entering in the nighttime, possession of a controlled substance, and trespassing, according to the log. Lowell is undergoing renovations this year and next year as part of the

See overseer Page 5 Inside this issue

The College’s Class of 2018 pose for a class photo on the steps of Widener Library Tuesday afernoon. AWNIT S.

See arrest Page 5

News 4

Editorial 10

The historically all-male Harvard Glee Club has opened its membership to students of all genders, Glee Club President Connor A. Horton ’18 wrote in an announcement to club members and affiliates last week. The Glee Club, a group of roughly 50 undergraduate and graduate men who regularly perform on-campus and on tour, was one of several Harvard performance organizations that remained all-male rather than merging with an equivalent musical group after the dissolution of Radcliffe College, according to Horton. Horton said the Glee Club made the decision to open their membership eligibility after consulting with the historically female Radcliffe Choral Society, which also decided to make its membership gender neutral in April. Horton said the decision to open Glee Club’s membership was opposed by some current members who were concerned that the introduction of women would lead to a change in the type of music the group typically sings. “What it comes down to is a matter of tradition, and a long, long history of being an all-male organization,” Horton said. “Being one of the organizations that remained all-male after Har-

Sports 11

Today’s Forecast

The Harvard Glee Club, which practices in Holden Chapel, will allow students of any gender to join the chorus starting next fall. xenia o. virag—Crimson photographer

vard and Radcliffe merged, I think for a while we felt that our organization should stay all male because of the nature of the music that we perform.” He added that the group will continue to perform its traditional style of tenor-bass music, written for lower voices, and that the audition process will remain largely unchanged, partly cloudy High: 81 Low: 54

with members auditioning through the Harvard Choruses, an umbrella entity which includes the Glee Club, Radcliffe Choral Society, Harvard-Radcliffe Chorus, and Harvard-Radcliffe Collegium Musicum. Horton said another point of contention in the club’s

See glee Page 4

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wednesday | may 23, 2018 around the ivies

Class photo Parents photographed students of the Class of 2018 as they posed for small group photos.

Hillary Clinton Addresses Yale Seniors at Class Day


The Yale Daily News reported that Hillary Clinton, former U.S. presidential candidate and secretary of state, entreated graduating Yale seniors to combat a “full-fledged crisis” in American democracy in her address Sunday. Clinton, a graduate of Yale Law School, delivered remarks that oscillated between light-hearted and serious. Clinton took a jab at students from states who voted for President Donald Trump in the 2016 presidential election, calling out the “three students from Michigan who didn’t request absentee ballots.”

Columbia President Lee Bollinger Affirms University’s Role in Countering ‘Radical Intolerance’ in Commencement Speech Columbia President Lee Bollinger said the University should aim to counter “radical intolerance” in his annual commencement address, according to the Columbia Daily Spectator. He related these issues to the role of Columbia’s infamous Core Curriculum and the responsibility of its graduates to the broader political environment. “I have to say I think the world that we are facing now is deeply troubled,” Bollinger said. “The Core is a set of values that is essential for the health and well being of any individual, any institution.”

Happy Class DAy! ROTC Commissioning Ceremony University President Drew G. Faust will address the new military officers from the College’s Class of 2018 in Tercentenary Theatre at 10:30 a.m. The ceremony celebrates the commissioning of graduates from the College’s ROTC contingent. The event is open to all.

College Class Day Exercises Author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie will address graduating seniors of the Class of 2018 for the annual Class Day Exercises at 2 p.m. in Tercentenary Theatre. Adichie has written the acclaimed novels, “Americanah” and “Purple Hibiscus,” and was chosen by the Senior Class Committee to deliver the annual address. The event also includes the presentations of the Ames Awards, the Harvard and Ivy

orations, and the Class Ode. Tickets are required. Harvard Band, Radcliffe Choral Society, and Harvard Glee Club Concert Student performers in the three musical groups will hold a concert open to all University affiliates at 8 p.m. in Tercentenary Theatre. Admission is free.

Princeton Admits 13 Students in Recently Reinstated Transfer Admissions Program The Princetonian reported that Princeton admitted 13 transfer students for fall 2018 in the recently reinstated transfer admissions program. The program was phased out during the 1990s and the university reauthorized the resintatement of the transfer program in January 2016. A majority of the transfer students come from military backgrounds and will enter as freshmen, sophomores, and juniors.

in the real world Stacey Abrams Wins Georgia Democratic Gubernatorial Primary Former Georgia House Democratic leader Stacey Abrams became the first black woman in the United States to hold a major party’s nomination for governor after she won the Georgia Democratic primary election Tuesday. She was endorsed by Hillary Clinton, Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders, and several other prominent Democrats and ran on a liberal platform. If Abrams wins the Georgia gubernatorial election in November, she will make history as the country’s first black female governor. Prior to serving in the state legislature, Abrams attented Yale Law School and worked in municipal and state politics. President Trump Softens Stance on North Korean Denuclearization President Donald Trump backed away from his initial demand that North Korean leader Kim Jong-un completely abandon his nuclear arsenal without any reciprocal American concessions in a statement Tuesday, in which Trump said he would be open to a phased dismantling of North Korea’s nuclear weapons. Trump and Kim are slated to meet next month in Singapore, but relationships between the two leaders remain tense. Some pundits have argued that Trump’s statement on Tuesday does not represent a policy shift on North Korea, but rather an effort to continue negotiations on the proposed timeline.

WAIting at the dot

Dean Khurana Dean of the College Rakesh Khurana greets parents and students in Tercentenary Theatre before the senior class photo. awnit s. marta—CRIMSON PHOTOGRAPHER

The Harvard Crimson The University Daily, Est. 1873 Derek G. Xiao, President Hannah Natanson, Managing Editor Nathan Y. Lee, Business Manager Copyright 2018, The Harvard Crimson (USPS 236-560). No articles, editorials, cartoons or any part thereof appearing in The Crimson may be reproduced in any form without the express written permission of the President. The Associated Press holds the right to reprint any materials published in The Crimson. The Crimson is a non-profit, independent corporation, founded in 1873 and incorporated in 1967. Second-class postage paid in Boston, Massachusetts. Published Monday through Friday except holidays and during vacations, three times weekly during reading and exam periods by The Harvard Crimson Inc., 14 Plympton St., Cambridge, Mass. 02138 Weather icons made by Freepik, Yannick, Situ Herrera, OCHA, SimpleIcon, Catalin Fertu from is licensed by CC BY 3.0.


Staff for This Issue

“My last remaining effort available within my opportunity set is to resign before my literal last day as an elected member of the Board of Overseers in protest over the lack of transparency about how Harvard’s endowment is managed and invested.”

Sports Editor Night Editor Design Editors Kenton K. Shimozaki ’19 Morgan J. Spaulding ’19 Cade S. Palmer ’20 Simon S. Sun ’19 Assistant Night Editors Editorial Editors Amy L. Jia ’21 Yasmin C. Luthra ’21 EmmanualR.R.D’Agostino’19 Cristian D. Pleters ’19 Story Editors Photo Editors Mia C. Karr ’19 Amy Y. Li ’20 Hannah Natanson ’19 Caleb D. Schwartz ‘20 Claire E. Parker ’19 Ellis J. Yeo ’20

—Kathryn “Kat” A. Taylor ’80, former member of the Board of Overseers

CORRECTIONS The Harvard Crimson is committed to accuracy in its reporting. Factual errors are corrected promptly on this page. Readers with information about errors are asked to e-mail the managing editor at



Prof Fryer Facing Harvard and State Investigations FRYER FROM PAGE 1 Shah and Shatz wrote their client has filed complaints with Harvard and with the state of Massachusetts. The Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination has accepted the woman’s complaint and is now investigating Fryer, according to documents obtained by The Crimson and two individuals with knowledge of the situation. MCAD enforces Massachusetts laws forbidding unlawful discrimination based on traits including gender, race, sexual orientation, and gender identity. The Harvard investigation is also moving forward. In March, the University forbade Fryer and his chief of staff Bradley M. Allan from entering Harvard’s EdLabs—a think tank Fryer founded in 2008 that examines the economics and roots of racial inequality—according to Nancy B. Cyr, the EdLabs finance and grants director. Fryer’s lawyer, Boston-based attorney George J. Leontire, wrote in an emailed statement Monday that the allegations against the professor are “outrageous.” “It’s disgraceful the complainant’s lawyers have chosen to publicize their unproven accusations rather then [sic] to allow the legal process to determine the merits of their client’s claims,” Leontire wrote. “Professor Fryer looks forward to a full and impartial forum to address these outrageous allegations.” University spokesperson Rachael Dane wrote in an emailed statement Monday that Harvard is aware of concerns surrounding the working environment in EdLabs. “Harvard is deeply committed to providing a civil and inclusive work environment for all members of our community,” Dane wrote. “We are aware of and take seriously concerns raised about the treatment of staff in the Education Innovation Laboratory at Harvard University (EdLabs), including whether staff members have been treated with the dignity and respect they deserve.” Fryer is a rising star both at Harvard and in the broader field of economics. The complaints and investigations come roughly three years after Fryer won the John Bates Clark Medal, the second-highest honor in economics after the Nobel Prize. He was the first African American to do so. The outcomes of the two investigations could have implications for Fryer’s career. The Harvard investigation could result in penalties ranging from “reprimand to dismissal,” according to FAS procedures. The MCAD investigation could lead to a public hearing and—if Fryer is found to have committed illegal discrimination—a damages payment possibly amounting to thousands of dollars. The complainant could also choose to pursue the case as a lawsuit in state or federal court. Leontire said in an interview last week he believes Fryer will emerge from any and all investigations unscathed. “We’re confident, whether it’s Title IX or anything else, that Professor Fryer is going to come away from that situation without any issues,” Leontire said. “That’s all I can tell you.” This account of events is based on interviews with 47 individuals, at least 23 of whom are current or former EdLabs employees. Many interviewed spoke only on the condition of anonymity to describe confidential Title IX proceedings or because they said they feared retaliation from Fryer. A ‘TWO-TIERED SYSTEM OF JUSTICE’ Shah and Shatz wrote their client first approached Harvard’s human resources department with concerns regarding Fryer’s behavior in June 2017. The two lawyers wrote the “treatment” their client had “endured” in EdLabs up to that point was “egregious.” Shah and Shatz—referencing comments Fryer allegedly made in EdLabs regarding sex—wrote their client “was subjected to a sexually hostile and demeaning environment” in the lab. “Her supervisor [Fryer] frequently discussed sex in the workplace, made sexually inappropriate comments to and about employees and others, and objectified and sexualized women, including his staff,” Shah and Shatz

wrote in an emailed statement Monday. In an interview last week attended by Fryer’s lawyer and a court stenographer, four current and former EdLabs employees—Cyr, Rucha P. Vankudre ’07, Meghan Howard Noveck, and Tanaya Devi—said the professor and lab staff at times participated in “banter” that included discussion of employees’ dating lives. Vankudre said that, had the conversation made anyone feel “uncomfortable,” EdLabs staffers and Fryer would have “stopped immediately.” In a separate interview last week also attended by his lawyer and the stenographer, Fryer admitted participating in these conversations but said he never spoke about the physical act of sex. Fryer said he has “zero recollection” of commenting on individuals’ sex lives publicly in EdLabs. Cyr, Vankudre, Howard Noveck, and Devi said they do not remember Fryer ever making remarks about individuals’ sex lives in the workplace. “To the best of my knowledge, none of the banter has ever been sexist or misogynistic,” Vankudre said. Fryer admitted in the interview he sometimes discussed employees’ dating lives and said he always did so in “a group of people.” “If someone comes up to a group of people and says, I went out on a date and went to play putt-putt golf—I’m just making up a hypothetical—it is quite possible I said, ‘Really? You went to putt-putt golf on a first date?’” Fryer said. “Or if someone said they took me to McDonald’s but it was really cool, I might say, ‘Wow, McDonald’s.’” “Commenting on someone’s dating life—I guess I have commented in that way, but other than that, no,” Fryer said. In their statement Monday, Shah and Shatz noted Harvard has specific policies meant to “protect employees from discrimination, sexual harassment, and other workplace treatment.” The University’s Title IX policy, which forbids all forms of sex discrimination including sexual harassment, defines sexual harassment in part as “lewd or sexually suggestive comments, jokes, innuendoes, or gestures.” Shah and Shatz alleged Harvard failed to enforce its policy after their client raised concerns regarding Fryer. “Our client and others who have worked in EdLabs have encountered Harvard’s two-tiered system of justice: one for high profile faculty members and the other for the rank and file,” Shah and Shatz wrote. For the past several years, EdLabs has produced research—including a controversial study on racial bias in police shootings—regularly re-reported in national news outlets. The lab boasts prominent donors and supporters including Condoleezza Rice, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and the Ford Foundation. Fryer has headed the lab, located on Mass. Ave just feet from Harvard Yard, since he established it a decade ago. He has served as the public face of EdLabs, featured in glowing media profiles as he racked up awards and accolades. Three years after founding the lab, Fryer won a MacArthur Genius Grant for his research examining racial and economic inequality. The two lawyers also wrote their client suffered “retaliation” after she reported allegations regarding Fryer, though the lawyers did not specify who perpetrated that retaliation. Harvard’s Human Resources department has a strict policy forbidding retaliation against affiliates who “in good faith” raise concerns or file complaints regarding “actual or perceived violations of Harvard University’s policy or unlawful acts.” Harvard’s Title IX policy also prohibits the subject of a complaint from retaliating against those who filed the complaint. “Retaliation against an individual for raising an allegation of sexual or gender-based harassment, for cooperating in an investigation of such a complaint, or for opposing discriminatory practices is prohibited,” the policy reads. Dane declined to comment on the woman’s charge that Harvard failed to enforce its policies. FORMAL COMPLAINTS Harvard’s Title IX Office began looking into EdLabs at least as early as

Students Arrested at Lowell Site ARREST FROM PAGE 1 College’s $1 billion house renewal project. HUPD arrested the students during their second visit to the construction site in the early hours of May 14. Officers arrived at the site for the first time that morning at 12:44 a.m. after receiving a “report” that “a group of five individuals” had hopped the fence and “entered the construction site area,” per the report. After arriving at the scene, officers “located all 5 individuals and conducted field interviews,” then sent the individuals “on their way.” HUPD spokesperson Steven G. Catalano did not immediately respond to a request for comment Saturday. ­

Harvard University Police Department officers returned to the site at 1:15 a.m., after a “report” that individuals had “climbed the fence into the construction site area,” per the police log. The two students arrested by Harvard University Police Department officers were not the only ones at the construction site when officers responded to the 1:15 a.m. report. A third individual was also there, though that person did not admit to possession of cocaine, according to the police log. That third individual was “informed that complaints are being sought against them” for breaking and entering in the nighttime and trespassing and “was sent on their way,” per the log.

Dec. 2017. Six former EdLabs employees said they were contacted by Seth Avakian, Harvard’s Title IX coordinator for FAS and the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, at various times between Dec. 2017 and March 2018. One individual contacted said they spoke to Avakian about concerns and allegations regarding Fryer’s behavior that, if true, would violate Harvard’s policies forbidding sexual harassment. The individual said Avakian replied he previously heard similar allegations. During the conversation, Avakian and the individual also discussed a hypothetical Title IX investigation into Fryer and what that might entail, the individual said. Responding in part on Avakian’s behalf, Dane declined to comment on Harvard-led inquiries surrounding Fryer and EdLabs. “In keeping with University policy, we do not discuss details of individual circumstances,” she wrote in an emailed statement Monday. Harvard affiliates can report violations of the University’s policy forbidding sexual and gender-based harassment in one of two ways. In one option, affiliates can file an informal complaint—meaning Harvard will not conduct an official investigation, but may take steps to address issues raised in the complaint. The second option involves filing a formal Title IX complaint. To do so, Harvard students, professors, staffers, or some third party must submit a written complaint to ODR. As of May 2018, Harvard had received at least two formal complaints against Fryer. One complaint was filed by the client now represented by Shah and Shatz. A separate complaint was filed by an individual roughly a month ago. “I can confirm that on DATE: Monday, April 16, 2018 5:50p. I filed a formal complaint against Prof. Roland G. Fryer, Jr. with the Office for Dispute Resolution, alleging violations of both Title IX and workplace sexual and gender harassment policy in place at the time of my employment,” the individual wrote in a statement last week. Both complainants spoke only on the condition of anonymity. After a formal complaint is filed, ODR performs an initial review of the allegations contained therein. If ODR decides the behavior described in the complaint likely violates Harvard’s sexual and gender-based harassment policy, the office launches an investigation. The University considers alleged conduct a violation of its policy when the behavior is “sufficiently severe, persistent, or pervasive that it interferes with or limits a person’s ability to participate in or benefit from the University’s education or work programs or activities,” FAS policy states. Three individuals with knowledge of the situation said ODR has launched at least one investigation into Fryer. Two individuals confirmed ODR is also investigating Allan. Allan did not respond to a request for comment. Fryer wrote in an emailed statement that he has sought to create a welcoming atmosphere in EdLabs. “The environment at EdLabs is very intense, fast moving and demanding -- reflecting the urgency of its mission to understand, and help reduce, racial and gender inequality in America,” Fryer wrote. “That said, I have worked diligently to foster a deeply inclusive environment at EdLabs where all people and all perspectives from all walks of life are welcome and respected.” Four former EdLabs employees said they were contacted within the last two months by Brigid Harrington, an investigator for ODR, about an investigation her office is conducting. Harrington sent at least three of the four individuals an email in mid-May asking them to provide testimony related to an investigation being conducted by ODR specifically under the FAS sexual and gender-based harassment procedures. The Crimson reviewed copies of all three emails. ODR Director Bill D. McCants confirmed via email that his office only contacts individuals asking for testimony if ODR is leading an investigation.University spokesperson Tania deLuzuriaga declined to comment on Harrington’s behalf. Two current EdLabs employees—Noveck and Vankudre—said Fryer has never, to their knowledge, behaved in a sexist or misogynistic manner.

“I’ve never witnessed Roland engage in anything that I would consider to be sexist, misogynistic, racist,” Noveck said in the interview last week. In an earlier interview, Noveck said she currently works remotely roughly 80 percent of the time and last worked full-time in EdLabs in 2012. “I find the idea that he’s sexist, it’s completely absurd,” Vankudre said in the group interview. Vankudre pointed to the fact that three of the four senior managers in EdLabs are women. “I think if you’re sexist, you don’t choose women to run your lab,” she said. INTERIM MEASURES At least since March, Fryer has been unable to enter the lab he founded. At any point during the complaint process, Harvard’s Title IX Office can implement “interim measures” designed to “protect the initiating party or the Harvard community,” according to FAS procedures. These interim measures may include “restrictions on contact, course or work schedule alterations, changes in housing, or increased monitoring of certain areas of campus,” the procedures state. Harvard appears to have taken interim measures against Fryer roughly two months ago. On March 14, five University officials stopped by EdLabs and held a closed-door meeting with lab staffers, according to EdLabs finance director Cyr. She said the visiting officials included Avakian, Dean of Social Sciences Claudine Gay, FAS Senior Human Resources Consultant Sandy Stergiou, FAS Assistant Dean for Faculty Affairs Kwok W. Yu, and Executive Director of Harvard’s Center for African Studies Susan E. Cook. At the meeting, the five officials told EdLabs staff Harvard was taking several steps related to Fryer and the lab, according to Cyr. The officials did not explain why Harvard was taking these steps, Cyr said. Specifically, the officials said the University had banned Fryer and EdLabs Chief of Staff Allan from setting foot in EdLabs, according to Cyr. The officials also announced Harvard had installed Cook as the interim executive director of the lab, Cyr said.An internal Harvard directory currently lists one of Cook’s titles at the school as “Executive Director (FAS FCOR EdLabs Staff ).” Cook is not listed on the EdLabs website, which still names Fryer as the lab’s faculty director. The five officials also outlined a new protocol for all communications between Fryer and staffers, Cyr said. Under the new system, Fryer and Allan were required to copy Cook on all messages the two sent to EdLabs staff, according to Cyr. Four individuals with knowledge of the situation confirmed Cyr’s account. The individuals also said the Harvard officials at the March 14 meeting specifically described the new policies as “interim measures.” Dane declined to confirm or deny whether Harvard had taken interim measures against Fryer, though she pointed to the FAS sexual and gender-based harassment policy and procedures. “We review all concerns brought to our attention to determine whether there is a hostile environment on our campus, and as needed, put in place measures to support members of the community. We continue to encourage any member of our community who has experienced inappropriate behavior to come forward,” she wrote. Asked about the March meeting and directives in an interview last week, Fryer’s lawyer Leontire confirmed Harvard has barred the professor from EdLabs as part of an ongoing investigation. He declined to say whether the inquiry is a Title IX investigation. “I’m not saying Title IX; I’m just saying investigation. I think that’s what we do have here,” Leontire said in an interview last week. “No one is going to deny this event took place and that some interim measures have been put in place.” Leontire added he believes the measures imposed comprise “standard protocol.” “Obviously the University has received some information that caused them to use what has been described to me as fairly standard protocol in the process of evaluating information,”

Leontire said. He declined to say who told him the policies were “standard protocol.” University Title IX Officer Nicole M. Merhill confirmed via email that, though Title IX coordinators can implement interim measures during any formal or informal complaint process, not every ODR investigation involves interim measures. Merhill noted the majority of complaints result in interim measures. Merhill added there are no uniform set of interim measures. She confirmed the measures applied are always tailor-made for that situation. In the interview last week, Leontire repeatedly refused to elaborate on either the March measures or what he called the “information” that sparked them. “In that process, people who were involved in discussion on that are told not to discuss,” he said. People involved in a formal Title IX complaint are “free to share their own experiences” but cannot reveal “information that they have learned solely through the investigatory process,” according to FAS policies on sexual and gender-based harassment. Leontire confirmed in the interview that the interim measures against Fryer and Allan were still in place. He also speculated as to why Harvard implemented the policies. “I think the fact that the University took the actions that they took means that they’re looking at a question,” he said. “It could be a serious question. It might not be a serious question.” At the close of an ODR investigation, the office compiles a report detailing its findings and makes a set of recommendations. Given Fryer is a Faculty member, ODR will send its final report to the FAS dean, who will then decide whether to take action. FAS procedures for sexual and gender-based harassment by faculty state ODR-suggested “sanctions may range from reprimand to dismissal.” Only the Harvard Corporation, the University’s highest governing body, can vote to revoke a faculty member’s tenure. Fryer earned tenure in 2008 at age 30, making him the youngest African American to ever win a tenured professorship at Harvard. A STATE-LEVEL INVESTIGATION As ODR continues its investigation, a separate inquiry into Fryer is progressing at the state level—specifically, within the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination. MCAD enforces Massachusetts anti-discrimination laws, which prohibit discrimination on the basis of “membership in a protected class, such as race, color, creed, national origin, age, disability, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, and more,” according to the MCAD website.It is unclear exactly when the woman represented by Shah and Shatz filed the MCAD complaint. Massachusetts law stipulates MCAD complaints must be filed within 300 days of the most recent alleged instance of discrimination. After an individual files a complaint with MCAD, the Commission must determine whether the complaint “can be accepted,” according to the MCAD website. If the Commission accepts the complaint, MCAD will then kickstart a “formal investigation,” according to the site. As one of the first steps of that investigation, MCAD mails a copy of the complaint to the “named ‘Respondent(s),’” the website reads. Fryer has received a copy of the MCAD complaint, according to documents obtained by The Crimson—meaning the Commission has chosen to pursue an investigation. The complaint names Fryer, Allan, and Harvard as respondents, the documents reveal. During an MCAD investigation, a Commission investigator gathers information by interviewing witnesses, making “site visits,” and reviewing relevant documents, according to the MCAD website. The MCAD process could ultimately result in a decision ranging from dismissal of the complaint to the imposition of damages against Fryer potentially amounting to hundreds of thousands of dollars. The complainant could also choose to withdraw their complaint from the MCAD and instead pursue a lawsuit in state or federal court.


The Harvard Alumni Association and the Board of Overseers—the University’s second highest governing body— announced the names of their new leaders Wednesday morning. Presidential search committee member Susan L. Carney ’73 will succeed fellow searcher Scott A. Abell ’72 as president of the Board of Overseers, the University’s second highest governing body. Gwill E. York ’79 will replace searcher Tracy P. Palandjian ’93 as the Overseers’ vice chair. Margaret M. Wang ’09 will become the youngest president in HAA history, succeeding current president Susan Morris Novick ’85. Both Carney—a federal appeals court judge and former deputy general ­

counsel at Yale University—and York— the co-founder and managing director of Lighthouse Capital Partners— have served on the Board of Overseers since 2013. The Overseers, comprised of alumni who serve six-year terms on the board, are elected by alumni via mail-in ballot each spring. Carney and York will serve in their respective leadership roles for the final year of their terms. At Harvard, Carney served as the past president of the Harvard Law Association of Washington D.C. and a former co-chair of the schools committee of the Harvard Club of Washington D.C. York is currently the co-chair of the Medical School’s board of fellows and a member of the dean’s advisory group for the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences.

University President Drew G. Faust, who will step down in June, said in a press release that Carney and York will be “of great benefit” to President-elect Lawrence S. Bacow when he takes office on July 1. Wang, a former Winthrop House resident and joint Economics and History of Art and Architecture concentrator, has served on the HAA Board of Directors for nearly 10 years. She said in an interview she is very grateful for the opportunity to be president and for all of the guidance she has received from alumni. Novik, the outgoing president, said in an interview with the Gazette that Wang’s more recent graduation will be an asset to her leadership. “As a recent graduate, Margaret will inspire the next generation of alumni, and I look forward to her bright and dynamic leadership,” Novick said.



Keiko Ogura, 80, a survivor of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan in 1945, visited the Kennedy School to caution against the use of nuclear weapons worldwide Sunday. Ogura was eight years old on August 6, 1945, when the United States dropped a nuclear weapon on Hiroshima during the final months of World War II. The bomb immediately killed more than 80,000 people and caused widespread radiation exposure that would later kill tens of thousands more. At 8:16 a.m.—when the bomb was dropped—Ogura said she was about 2.4 kilometers north of the center of the impacted zone. “I was so scared,” Ogura said. “I was hit, pressed on the road, and I was unconscious.” Ogura said she could not “forget the voices of the people dying.” After staying silent for more than 30 years, Ogura said the death of her husband Kaoru Ogura in 1979 spurred her to tell her story. Her husband, who served as the director of Hiroshima’s Peace Memorial Museum, spent much ­

of his life setting up interviews between survivors, journalists, and psychologists to examine and raise awareness around the deadly physical and mental consequences of the bomb. Ogura said residents of Hiroshima in part chose to stay silent because they feared that, if they told the truth about their experiences, they would be shut out by loved ones and by society at large. In the wake of the bomb drop, some cancelled engagements and weddings after discovering their partners had been exposed to radiation, fearful the exposure might lead to genetic defects in their offspring, according to Ogura.“People tried not to talk about what happened, but we were horrified every day,” Ogura said. Yusaku Kawashima, a master in public administration student originally from Japan helped organize the event. She said the event in part came as a response to the recent escalation in North Korea’s nuclear capability. The White House has announced that President Donald Trump will participate in a June 12 summit with North Korea in Singapore, following the historic April 27 meeting between North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-un,

and President Moon Jae-in of South Korea. Trump, though, has said the summit may be delayed. Reports say North Korea is planning on closing a nuclear test site this week as a “good will gesture,” according to the BBC. “We are trying to make an opportunity for students or future global leaders to think about our core fundamental value of peace,” Kawashima said. “We wanted to show how cruel or how disastrous the consequences of war was over 70 years ago and, by expressing what happened in the past, people can learn what to do in the future.” Ogura said she is “worried” she will never see a “nuclear free” world. Nonetheless, she called for nuclear reform to prevent a disaster from taking place in the future. “We survivors work not to repeat the evil,” Ogura said. “Somebody who saw this evil needs to do something to prevent the evil.” “Telling our story is, in a way, caring,” Ogura added. Staff writer Alexandra A. Chaidez can be reached at alexandra.chaidez@thecrimson. com.

Overseer Resigns in Protest OVERSEER FROM PAGE 1 Faust wrote in a letter to Harvard affiliates in 2013. Taylor wrote an op-ed in The Crimson in March calling on the University to divest from fossil fuels. The op-ed marked the first time any member of Harvard’s governance boards publicly supported divestment. Taylor’s resignation letter did not solely focus on fossil fuels—Taylor also wrote she is concerned by other potential endowment investments. “Some concerns I share with those outspoken among them pertain to the potential presence in that endowment of fossil fuel reserves we can never afford to burn, land purchases that may not respect indigenous rights, water holdings that threaten the human right to water, and investments at odds with the safety of children and first responders,” she wrote. A group of residents in Cuyama Valley, Calif. recently raised concerns regarding a Harvard-owned vineyard that uses significant water resources in the drought-stricken region. Taylor also criticized what she called the “opaque” nature of Harvard’s investments. The investments are held in a ­

variety of funds, making it to difficult to get a comprehensive picture of the University’s holdings. “We don’t know what we don’t know, especially now that so much of the endowment is held in opaque funds,” she wrote. “And not knowing what endowment investments might be supporting will never be an excuse.” University Spokesperson Melodie L. Jackson wrote in an emailed statement Tuesday that Taylor has long made her support for divestment known to members of Harvard’s governing boards. “Her individual opinion is respected and welcome, as are the diverse views of people across our community,” Jackson wrote. “We agree that climate change is one of world’s most urgent and serious issues, but we respectfully disagree on the means by which a university should confront it.” “As an academic institution, Harvard will continue to pursue a leadership role in seeking meaningful, effective solutions to climate change through wide-ranging research, education, community engagement, and dramatically reducing its own carbon footprint,” Jackson added. Taylor’s resignation comes just one

day before her six-year term is set to conclude. In an interview, Taylor said she resigned now because she has used “every minute” of her term to work with students, faculty members, administrators, and other members of the University governance boards and has “failed to make any headway” on creating more transparency in Harvard’s endowment investment practices. “My last remaining effort available within my opportunity set is to resign before my literal last day as an elected member of the Board of Overseers in protest over the lack of transparency about how Harvard’s endowment is managed and invested,” she said. Taylor also used her letter to bid farewell to her fellow Overseers and call on them to continue her work. “My only regret in resigning early is missing the chance to bid you a proper goodbye,” she wrote. “I fervently hope that all of you will demand accountable financial transactions on behalf of us all as I have tried to do.” Staff writer Kristine E. Guillaume can be reached at kristine.guillaume@thecrimson. Staff writer Jamie D. Halper can be reached at jamie.halper@thecrimson.

HLS to Require Firms to Disclose Agreements By AIDAN F. RYAN CRIMSON STAFF WRITER

The country’s top 14 law schools—including Harvard Law School—will now require firms that recruit on campus to reveal whether they require summer associates to sign mandatory arbitration agreements or non-disclosure agreements that may bar associates from going public with allegations of workplace misconduct. Mandatory arbitration agreements require employees to resolve workplace disputes with employers through an arbitration process, rather than through the courts. Non-disclosure agreements require employees to keep information relating to the firm confidential—including reports of sexual harassment or discrimination. Amid the #MeToo movement— which has brought national attention to the problem of workplace harassment and implicated powerful men across industries—some law firms have recently begun requiring summer associates to sign such agreements. Students at Harvard and other schools have raised concerns in recent months that the agreements will cover up harassment and discrimination. Yale Law School, one of the 14 schools involved, announced the law schools’ pact to compel firms to disclose this practice in a press release Monday. ­

We’re also getting the detail that we need for students to make an informed choice. Sejal Singh

Law School Student The release states that the law schools will send a survey to each employer who recruits summer associates at the T14 law schools—the 14 schools consistently at the top of the U.S. News & World Report law school rankings— in order to determine whether they require their employees to sign workplace harassment-related agreements. “The survey—issued today by Yale Law School with input and support from all Top 14 law schools—will require firms to disclose whether they require summer associates to sign forced arbitration agreements and re-

lated NDAs,” the release stated. “They will also be asked to provide essential information regarding firm policies for responding to workplace misconduct.” The action comes after a group of Law School students published an open letter calling for the school to ensure that law firms who recruit on campus “protect the rights of their employees” to come forward and seek legal action if they “experience harassment, discrimination, or workplace abuse.” The open letter called for the Office of Career Services to require employers who recruit on campus to remove the mandatory arbitration and non-disclosure agreements from their contracts. In addition, the group of students requested the Law School to create and distribute “an anonymous workplace climate survey” for students who return from summer employment. Sejal Singh, a first-year Law School student and one of the organizers of the open letter, said she is “confident” that this survey will lead firms to remove the agreements in question rather than disclose them to the participating schools. Singh also stated that while the Office of Career Services at Yale Law School is taking charge of this initiative, that office plans to work closely with other T14 law schools to ensure employers on each campus are given the survey without overlap. “We’re hoping that this will streamline the process and make sure there’s a minimal administrative burden but we’re also getting the detail that we need for students to make an informed choice of where to work,” Singh said. Molly M. E. Coleman, another Law student and organizer of the letter, said she and other organizers met regularly with Assistant Dean for Career Services Mark A. Weber over the course of the semester, and she praised his attention to the issue. “We have been meeting regularly with Mark Weber, we’ve been in communication with him and he’s just been extremely helpful and extremely responsive on this,” Coleman said. In an emailed statement Tuesday, Weber lauded student leaders and wrote that about 50 schools have signed on to the survey to date. “I have really enjoyed working with the student leaders at Harvard, who have been thoughtful, committed and effective; and it has been a real pleasure collaborating with my T14 colleagues on this important project,” Weber wrote. “It has truly been a team effort.” Staff writer Aidan F. Ryan can be reached at

Glee Club to Accept All Khurana Approval Ratings Improve Genders Next Fall RATINGS FROM PAGE 1

GLEE FROM PAGE 1 decision-making process was whether changing the gender breakdown of the group would negatively affect its social environment, which Horton described in his letter as a “lifelong fellowship.” “We decided that the community we have in the Glee Club is not a product of gender composition,” he said. “But I think that members having only experienced Glee Club as it was, that some people had a hard time imagining otherwise.” The decision to go coed was implemented through an amendment to the group’s bylaws voted upon by all active Glee Club members, according to the announcement. Though Horton declined to comment on the result of the vote, he said a two-thirds majority of all active members was required to implement the change. Ultimately, Horton said he does not foresee any major changes to the group as a result of the decision, either musi-

cally or socially. “I don’t see our social environment as particularly gendered,” Horton said. “But I do understand that as a traditionally all-male space, it can be difficult for someone who’s not male to feel welcome.” The Glee Club joins a growing number of traditionally single-gender groups at Harvard that have transitioned to become coed in recent years. Starting with the Class of 2021, students can be penalized for participating in certain single-gender social organizations. Students who join single-gender final clubs and Greek organizations will be ineligible for varsity athletic team captancies, leadership in College student groups, and endorsements for presitigious fellowships that require an endorsement from the College. Some social groups as well as the traditionally all-male cast of the Hasty Pudding Theatricals have gone coed since the announcement of the penalties in May 2016.

remained firm in his support for the penalties as the College has rolled out an implementation plan for the sanctions this year. Last spring, when Khurana garnered his lowest favorability rating to date, the sanctions’ final form was still in flux and many students said they objected to the policy. The sanctions, which took effect with the Class of 2021, bar members of single-gender final clubs and Greek organizations from holding campus leadership positions and varsity athletic team captaincies, and from receiving College endorsement for certain prestigious fellowships. In March, the College announced a long-awaited enforcement plan for the sanctions. Earlier this month, the College debuted a three-tier system for determining the privileges that recognized social groups can earn and the requirements they must fulfill to avoid being penalized. In an interview Thursday, Khurana said he wants students to understand that every choice he makes as dean is intended to “cre-

ate a better experience” for them. “I know there are things that people don’t necessarily agree on but I always respect people who have different points of view and perspectives on this,” Khurana said. Khurana declined to speculate on what contributed to his higher approval rating this year. “I just want students to know how much everybody cares about them here,” he said. “I know the College, with all of its challenges and imperfections, is committed to becoming and being a place where anybody who comes from whatever background can feel like they can flourish.” Khurana’s approval rates were lower among respondents who identified themselves as members of single-gender social groups than those who did not. In total, 35 percent of respondents in single-gender social groups had a favorable opinion of Khurana, while 65 percent of respondents not in one of these groups said they approved of him. The percentage of survey respondents who said they approve of Khurana was slightly higher than the per-

centage of respondents who said they have a favorable opinions of the College’s sanctions. In all, 40 percent of respondents said they have favorable opinions of the policy, 46 percent said they have unfavorable opinions, and 11 percent said they have no opinion. The remaining respondents said they did not have enough information to form an opinion. Khurana’s favorability with the Class of 2018, though up from last year, is still markedly lower than the ratings from the Classes of 2016 and 2015. In 2016, 62 percent of surveyed seniors indicated a favorable view of Khurana, and, in 2015, 82 percent of surveyed seniors said they viewed Khurana favorably. Khurana assumed his current role as dean of the College in July 2014. He is a professor of organizational behavior at the Business School and a faculty dean of Cabot House. This year’s version of The Crimson’s survey, sent to every senior via email, was open from May 1 to May 12 and was anonymous. The Crimson did not adjust data collected for possible self-selection bias.

Khurana Calls Controversial April Student Arrest ‘Distressing’ By CAROLINE S. ENGELMAYER and MICHAEL E. XIE CRIMSON STAFF WRITERS

Dean of the College Rakesh Khurana called the controversial April 13 arrest of a black Harvard undergraduate “distressing” and said the College is working “very closely” to provide information and support to University affiliates in the wake of the incident in an interview last month. Cambridge Police Department officers arrested a College student April 13 at the corner of Massachusetts Avenue and Waterhouse Street on charges including indecent exposure, disorderly conduct, and assault. Officers tackled the student—who was naked—to the ground after determining the undergraduate had previously taken narcotics. CPD officers later wrote in a police report they tackled the student because he was making aggressive movements toward law enforcement ­

officials. But members of the Harvard Black Law Students Association who witnessed the event have called CPD’s version of events “incorrect” and have said the officers tackled the student without provocation. While on the ground, at least one CPD officer punched the student in the stomach five times in an attempt to unpin the student’s arms and handcuff the undergraduate, according to the CPD police report. Khurana said the College’s goal is to “make sure that something like this doesn’t happen again.” He also appeared to endorse the idea of revising current Harvard policies and procedures in the aftermath of the arrest. “It’s clear that we have work to do to ensure that there’s clear understandings in our community about how our basic health services and security services work,” he said. “Whether protocols were followed

or not is, to me, not the issue because this is not the outcome we want and so we should decide from what is the outcome we want, which is the safety and well-being of our students, and work backwards to ensure that the practices and procedures and protocols we have in place produce those outcomes,” he added In the weeks following the incident, members of Black Students Organizing for Change—a group formed in the aftermath of the arrest—penned an open letter addressed to the “Harvard Community” demanding various University reforms in the wake of the arrest. BSOC demanded Harvard provide financial and academic support for the arrested student and publish a report on the events leading up to the student’s arrest. The group also called on the University to designate all drug and alcohol-related calls to Harvard University Health Services as medical

emergencies, to acquire a University-owned ambulance, and to expedite “hiring of Black and Brown counselors at Harvard Counseling and Mental Health Services.” The group asked the University to agree via written statement by May 1 to implement these measures. University President Drew G. Faust later formed a committee to “review” the events leading up to the student’s arrest, though she said this committee did not come as a response to student demands. Khurana did not directly answer a question asking whether the College plans to respond to the demands laid out by BSOC in the April interview. Instead, he noted Harvard is in touch with students who have raised concerns about the arrest. “We’ve been engaging with a variety of different students in a number of venues, including the students who are helping coordinate and identify student needs,” Khurana said.

“The University is engaging with them, and we look forward to continually engaging with them,” he added. He declined to comment on the specific nature of this engagement. Khurana also declined to comment on the status of the arrested student. When asked whether he believed the incident constituted police brutality, Khurana did not directly answer. “I don’t think anybody wanted the outcome that we saw,” he said. Khurana also declined to comment on whether the University has been in contact with CPD in the weeks following the arrest. He declined to comment on whether he thinks CPD should pursue charges against the student. Other University administrators have also publicly denounced the April 13 incident. In an email sent to University affiliates April 16, University President Drew G. Faust called the arrest “profoundly disturbing.”

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EDITORIAL The Crimson Editorial board

The Harvard Crimson | MAY 23, 2018 | page 10

Leading the Charge for the World You Deserve

The Faust Era

By Jill e. stein



he past eleven years have brought dramatic changes to Harvard, and we have been fortunate to have University President Drew G. Faust at the helm for that time. As the University’s first female president prepares to leave her Massachusetts Hall office at the end of June, we are appreciative of the direction in which she has steered this university during her tenure. The role of University president has grown to include the titles of fundraiser and lobbyist. This has lead Faust to focus her energies on Harvard’s presence and perception beyond Cambridge. From spearheading diversity initiatives and building a new future across the Charles River, Faust has made decisions—sometimes controversial, but almost always difficult— that will impact the University for decades to come. While we have not always agreed with Faust, Harvard has, by and large, benefited from her judgement, constancy, and restraint. STEADYING THE SHIP As she moved into Mass. Hall in 2007, Faust moved forward with many University-wide projects initiated by her predecessor, Lawrence H. Summers, choosing to maintain the status quo. While she may not have begun her tenure by significantly changing the University’s course, her approach to leadership, including its conservative elements, became absolutely essential to keeping Harvard together throughout the following decade. Just a year into her tenure, the Great Recession struck, taking with it an estimated $11 billion from the endowment within 12 months and threatening the operations of the entire University. Faust and her staff took immediate action to cancel or stop many projects, most notably stopping all construction on the new Allston campus expansion in 2010. While this move particularly upset relations between Harvard and Allston, it was the right decision in retrospect. The stability of the University’s finances demanded financial conservatism. Indeed, renewed progress on the Allston campus, which is slated to open in two short years, is a testament to the power that the endowment and changing economic prospects hold over this school. Harvard’s endowment today has recovered to its pre-recession levels. Faust continued to make the right choices for Harvard’s finances after the recession. The University’s record-setting capital campaign, which concludes in a month, has raised over two billion dollars more than its initial goal. Despite the success of the capital campaign, however, much attention has also been paid to the endowment’s disappointing returns under her tenure. While we cannot blame Faust wholly for the actions of the Harvard Management Company, which manages the University’s finances, HMC should have been more closely examined and restructured sooner rather than later, as only in the past two years have changes been made. Due to the endowment’s lackluster performance, financial cutbacks from the recession have persisted—for instance, within the College, hot breakfast has still not made a return to the Houses since its removal in 2009. Nonetheless, we appreciate Faust’s efforts in the campaign to convince alumni and other donors to strengthen the University’s financial wellbeing. A MORE INCLUSIVE HARVARD? As Harvard’s first female president, it is fitting that one of the main tenets of the Faust presidency has been making Harvard a more diverse and inclusive university. Many of her initiatives, such as the expansion of financial aid in


2007, have seen much success. Indeed, financial aid spending has increased by nearly 90 percent since the expansion. In alignment with this issue, the Presidential Task Force on Inclusion and Belonging—a body that Faust herself commissioned—recommended that the University do more to bring in and retain a diverse body of faculty in its March 2018 report. While it is disappointing that more had not been done concerning this issue throughout Faust’s tenure, it is heartening that she allocated $10 million of presidential funds to hiring new faculty in response to the committee’s report. Still, the most prominent policy initiated under Faust—in the eyes of undergraduates—in her quest to make Harvard more inclusive was the sanctions against members of single-gender social groups. Starting with the Class of 2021, the policy bars members of these organizations from leadership positions in recognized student organizations and sports teams, and prevent them from receiving official College endorsements for prestigious fellowships. The sanctions were first announced by Faust in May 2016. Administrators initially justified the policy as a means to combatting sexual assault and promoting non-discrimination on campus, but it would take almost two years of debate until the Harvard Corporation, of which Faust is a member, stepped in, codifying the policy for the foreseeable future. This step was a necessary one to end such a long and grueling debate on the topic and to ground a new policy that may do real good for Harvard’s social culture. Nonetheless, many mistakes were made in the process of instituting the policy. Faust and others failed to recognize the difference between male final clubs and sororities by applying blanket sanctions to all unrecognized social organizations. Additionally, finalized implementation mechanisms for the policy were not communicated to the student body in a timely fashion. Harvard’s now-codified social policy on unrecognized single-gender social groups is ultimately a good one, but Faust could have drastically improved the implementation process. As a result, despite her success in generally creating a more diverse and inclusive Harvard, the rollout of social group sanctions will be remembered as an error, and will remain an unfortunate stain on her presidency. FAUST THE LOBBYIST Faust’s tenure coincided with an increasingly contentious political climate, both in relation to national issues and campus-centered ones. In response, she took on an increasingly important role lobbying political leaders and advocating for higher education. In 2017, the University spent $610,000 on lobbying Congress, $60,000 more than it did the year before. These advocacy efforts were focused on federal research funding, student aid, higher education policies, and endowment taxes. Faust has led these efforts, expanding her own lobbying as Harvard did. After the 2016 election, Faust described “ramping up” her efforts to protect undocumented immigrants and safeguard science research funding. Some of this has been in response to government actions threatening individuals at Harvard. Faust has publicly supported the DREAM Act, and she has even intervened on behalf of an undocumented student detained at an airport. Indeed, Faust said this past February that University administrators are doing “everything [they] can possibly think of” to push for legislation securing legal protections for undocument-

ed students and staff. Importantly, she has lobbied both through discussions with lawmakers and through appeals to the general public, for example, appearing on CBS this past September to advocate for a replacement to DACA. In this vein, Faust has taken on a role as a sort of national spokesperson for academia, penning an op-ed defending federal humanities funding and advocating against a GOP tax plan she described as a “blow at the strength of American higher education.” Her lobbying prowess was illustrated during the fight over proposals in the GOP tax plan this past year to implement a tax on university endowments and change the treatment of graduate student tuition waivers. Faust made numerous public appearances advocating against these measures that targeted higher education. At times, we have expressed our wishes that she had spoken out more— and more forcefully—on certain issues, including that of designating Harvard a sanctuary campus. Yet we remain supportive of her lobbying efforts on behalf of higher education in an increasingly contentious political environment. The University, and indeed the nation, was advantaged by her efforts. BREAKING HER MOLD From conservative spending in the face of a recession to increased lobbying in response to political turmoil, Faust has repeatedly crafted her policies in light of external circumstances. In doing so, she treated the Harvard presidency an as administrative position, above all else. A good administrator, however, need not be cautious in their work. As the Great Recession and other constraints have been lifted, Faust has rightfully broken her conservative streak in favor of more proactive and ambitious leadership. Any leader of a large institution has certain expectations they must meet. For the president of Harvard, this requires stringent attention to advancing the University’s academics, promoting its finances, and representing the school’s interests on a national scale. Faust has succeeded in doing all of these things. Exceptional leaders, however, must go beyond their positions and raise their institutions to new and unforeseen levels. In this regard, the University’s president should transcend expectations, establishing policies that look towards long-term growth. We urge incoming University President Lawrence S. Bacow to learn from Faust’s presidency. He need not necessarily imitate her early focus on financial conservatism. He should not exactly imitate her later attention to social groups and international growth. Bacow should note, however, that these distinct phases both made sense in light of their contemporary circumstances. Adapting to the campus and global climate is essential to the Harvard presidency. Good leaders—and good Harvard presidents, specifically—must focus on what is needed in the moment, rather than trying to fit some ideal model of good leadership. To risk one’s own legacy with due constraint in tumultuous times, or with unsettling but beneficial policies in calm periods, makes for a truly great president. Faust did just this, making her tenure an excellent one. President Faust, you will be dearly missed. This staff editorial solely represents the majority view of The Crimson Editorial Board. It is the product of discussions at regular Editorial Board meetings. In order to ensure the impartiality of our journalism, Crimson editors who choose to opine and vote at these meetings are not involved in the reporting of articles on similar topics.

s you’re well aware, the Harvard ticket to success that you’ve just earned puts you light-years ahead of the pack. Many in your class will have the option to join the ranks of the most privileged and powerful. But you also have the option to take another road, to challenge that world of power and privilege, and to transform it. Today’s interconnected world is one small boat, and right now, that boat is heading straight over the waterfall. We need a new direction, and fast, towards a world that puts people, planet, and peace over profit. Fortunately, your generation is already leading the way. From the boycotts of “white only” lunch counters to Vietnam war protests and the women’s movement of the 1960s, to today’s Black Lives Matter protests, the fight for immigrant and LGBTQ rights, pipeline resistance, and the Fight for Fifteen, youth have always been the leading edge of transformation. I urge you to Many in your class redouble the struggle and fight for the will have the option greater good like our lives depend on it. to join the ranks of Because, in fact, they the most privileged do. and powerful. But More beholden than ever to Wall you also have the Street and war profoption to take another iteers, the political establishment has road, to challenge brought us crises of historic proportions. that world of pwoer A mere three billionand privilege, and to aires now possess as much wealth as the transform it. poorer half of the United States. Meanwhile, stagnating wages and skyrocketing costs of living have left one in two American families in or near poverty, with 75 percent of Americans living paycheck to paycheck, and 45 million locked in student loan debt. With hardship compounded by systemic racism, the average African American family holds little over five cents of wealth for every dollar that a white family has. Your future is also imperiled by skyrocketing U.S. militarism that’s making us less secure, not more. Consuming over half of discretionary expenditures, with over 800 bases around the world and special forces in 149 countries, the global sweep of American empire is unprecedented. Endless war in the Middle East has cost over $5 trillion dollars and untold carnage, while creating failed states, mass refugee migrations and worse terrorist threats. Meanwhile 2000 US and Russian nuclear weapons are on hair trigger alert, as flashpoints for nuclear Armageddon intensify from the Korean Peninsula to Iran, Syria, and the Russian border. The climate crisis you face is beyond an emergency, with each year bringing new extremes of heat, storms, drought and floods. The foremost US climate scientist, James Hansen, has predicted a catastrophic sea level rise of 10 feet or more as soon as 2065. There’s not a moment to lose. Fortunately these problems are intrinsically solvable. But we need solutions as big as the crises barreling down on us. We need a warThe biggest way time-scale Green New Deal jobs propeople give up power gram creating a 15year transition to is by not knowing we 100 percent renewhave it to start with. able energy to turn the tide on climate You have that power. change, revive the economy and make wars for oil obsolete; health care and education as human rights, with a student debt bailout; a humane economy including living wages, strong unions, worker cooperatives, taxing the rich; a welcoming path to citizenship and end to mass incarceration; a foreign policy based on diplomacy, human rights and international law, including the new treaty banning nuclear weapons. The good news is that the momentum for change is unprecedented, with a record 61 percent of Americans—and 71 percent of millennials—now calling for a new major political party to better serve everyday people. Demand is also growing for election reform that liberates voters to vote for such candidates. A simple reform gaining momentum across the country, Ranked Choice Voting, allows you to rank your choices and, if your first choice loses, automatically reassigns your vote to your second choice. RCV ends the fear-mongering against independent candidates and voters who are fed up with the status quo. Paraphrasing Alice M. Walker, the biggest way people give up power is by not knowing we have it to start with. In fact, you have that power—with historic crises that compel change, and public hunger that demands it. The younger generation has always provided the spark to make change possible. You didn’t create this crisis. But you—more than anyone—can fix it. For the sake of all of us, please keep leading the charge. Dr. Jill E. Stein ’79 was the Green Party’s nominee for President of the United States in 2012 and 2016.

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The Harvard Crimson | may 23, 2018 | page 11

Lantz Overcame Torn ACL to Start for Softball in 2018 Softball By jack stockless Crimson Staff Writer

Ahead of the 2017 season, Crimson softball was just beginning offseason practices in the bubble over Harvard Stadium. Junior infielder Meagan Lantz stepped up to serve as a baserunner in a defensive situation drill. She sprinted from home to first, cutting to her right once she had run through the bag. She immediately felt something was off—later testing revealed that she had torn her ACL in her right knee. “At the time I didn’t think it was a complete tear,” Lantz said. “I didn’t think I’d be out for the season. It was shocking, but it kind of just goes to show you how precious every moment is on the field and how you can’t take anything for granted, and that definitely taught me a lot.” All of a sudden, one of Harvard’s key 2016 contributors was done for the season. In her rookie year, Lantz hit .323/.375/.577 with seven home runs, 34 runs scored, 37 RBI, and 10 steals. Now, Harvard would have to replace her production as it aimed to maintain its standing as one of the Ivy League’s top teams. “She’s such a competitive athlete,” coach Jenny Allard said. “She absolutely loves to play, and to have that happen within the first week of winter training was devastating to her. She had never ever been injured, so your heart breaks when someone’s going to have a season-ending injury to the level that she did.” In the meantime, Lantz’s role on the team evolved. She became a de facto team manager and a leader on the bench, helping coaches with various tasks in games and practices and motivating her teammates. According to Allard, support from injured athletes is crucial in making things happen behind the scenes. This year, senior Morgan Macchiarulo took on a similar role. “I think it made me realize how important every single member of this team is,” Lantz said. “It doesn’t take one or two people to be really key to a team’s success. It really is a full team effort, and everyone is really needed.” Once the season came to a close, Lantz returned home to Parkland, Fla., to ramp up her rehab process. First she had to work her way back to walking normally, regaining full extension and range of motion in her knee. After that, the area around the knee had to be strengthened as much as possible to avoid further injury. When Lantz returned to campus, she worked closely with the softball coaching staff, team trainers, and the strength and conditioning staff. Approximately six to nine months after the initial ACL injury is when athletes can typically return to their sport, and Harvard trainers gradually guided

lanTzelot Despite playing in a handful of games at the hot corner this season, Lantz made the switch over to second base for most of 2018. timothy r. o’meara—Crimson photographer

Lantz back into softball mode, instilling patience the whole way. From the outset of this season, Lantz did not show any hesitation or ill effects from the injury. She played in all 39 of the team’s games, and she even made a full-time switch full to a position that demands more lateral movement. She split time between third and second in her freshman campaign, but she moved over to second base more permanently this year following the emergence of junior third baseman Erin Lockhart. “I think there were definitely some nerves coming back,” Lantz said. “We opened preseason in Florida. I’m from Florida, so it was nice to be back in my home state, and we were playing on fields that I had played on when I was growing up, so I think that kind of gave a bit of a comfort level. Once I got past the initial nerves and butterflies, it was

just business as usual being on the field with Harvard softball.” Lantz—along with teammates Maddy Kaplan, Katie Duncan, and Rhianna Rich—was named an All-Ivy player for her 2018 campaign. The junior hit .358/.405/.533 with four homers, a team-leading 10 doubles, 21 runs, and 20 driven in. “Just her return to the level she’s gotten herself to, following such a significant injury, is just so impressive,” Allard said. “It speaks to her determination, it speaks to her effort, it speaks to her drive and her desire to come back and play the game she loves. She, I think, came back even stronger.” Perhaps most impressive, though, were her 16 stolen bases. That mark was second in the Ivy League, behind only Yale’s Shelby Kennedy, who had 21 in 26 attempts. Lantz, however, was only caught twice.

According to Rich, a lot of teams do not expect a hitter in the third spot in the lineup to be exceptionally fast. Getting runners into scoring position for the power hitters that follow in the order, such as Lockhart and sophomore first baseman Olivia Giaquinto, is key. “I didn’t think I’d be stealing a lot, but when coach gives you the steal signal, you’ve just got to go with it and do what you can to slide into the base and make it work,” Lantz said. “But it’s been fun. I definitely have enjoyed being a little more aggressive on the bases.” Rich, who has 25 career steals and is the team’s leadoff hitter, thinks she still has a slight edge over Lantz in terms of speed. “I think I might be a little faster just based off of testing that we’ve done,” said Rich with a laugh. “But we’re different types of athletes. She’s definitely

the fastest right-hander we have.” Though Lantz may or may not be able to claim the distinction of Harvard softball’s fastest runner, she reaped greater rewards this season: a return to her outstanding freshman year form and a chance to compete in the NCAA tournament. “She is one of the hardest workers on our team and she worked day in and day out to get back to where she was,” Rich said. “We all are super proud of her and what she’s been able to accomplish, and I think everyone knew she had the physical capacity to get past her injury. She’s such a strong athlete and she has this determination. With these types of injuries, it’s just about being mentally strong enough to push past it, and she was.” Staff writer Jack Stockelss can be reached at

Harvard’s Eastern Sprints Loss Fuels National Title Drive Men’s lightweight crew By leon k. yang Crimson Staff Writer

From the outset, men’s lightweight assistant coach Ian P. Accomando said that he and the rest of the coaching staff had a clear focus for the 2017-2018 campaign: a national championship. “We planned to work harder than we did last year,” Accomando said. “We planned to leave no stone unturned so to speak, and we planned to do that across the whole spectrum of the team, from the top of the program to the bottom of the program.” After a phenomenal showing at last year’s IRA National Championships, in

which the team took the overall points title and the varsity four took the gold, the Harvard men’s lightweight team backed up its 2016-2017 season with a strong campaign this year, remaining undefeated for most of the dual season. The team most recently finished fourth at the Eastern Sprints Championship behind Columbia, Princeton, and Penn. Given the team’s strong rowing earlier in the season, this result was not satisfactory at all. “Our goal at the beginning of the year was to win a national championship,” Accomando said. “We finished fourth this past weekend at the Eastern Sprints, which is disappointing to say the least. We are mixing it up. We’re pulling really hard, and we aim

to go into Nationals fresh in terms of a new lineup and fitter, stronger, and mentally tougher.” For senior Andre Dupuis, the results at Eastern Sprints demonstrated how dynamic the league is and how quickly the competition can change. “Hats off to the competition, to Columbia and all the other crews for some fantastic racing. We’re striving to better ourselves, finding our changes going into IRAs,” Dupuis said. Despite this late season setback, the team has much to be proud of. In the first dual race of the season, the team outlasted the previous national champion, Cornell, by more than eight seconds and fellow competitor Penn by 15 seconds to take the Mathews-Leon-

eight boys, one boat The men’s lightweight crew team started off the season undefeated but then fell to Yale and Princeton before finishing fourth at Eastern Sprints. The team looks to readjust before the natonal championship meet. ellis j. yeo—Crimson photographer

ard Cup. “I think a weekend like this gives us confidence and what we’re doing with our training is working well,” Wallace said. “Continuing to do that and build off what we have because we know that the next time we see Columbia and Penn and Cornell, those boats are going to be faster.” Harvard continued to battle and emerge victorious in multiple bouts, defeating both Columbia and Georgetown the next day and capturing the Wales-Kirrane Cup. The top varsity eight finished in 5:53, while Columbia crossed the line in 5:56 and Georgetown finished in 6:06.5. The same results continued the next week, when the first varsity eight swept past both MIT and Dartmouth to help capture the Biglin Bowl for the Crimson. The depth of the team was also on display as the second varsity boat captured its race and the third, fourth, and fifth boats bested Dartmouth’s 3V. After that race, junior Jack Stone, coxswain of the top varsity boat, noted that the season was still a long way from completion. “We’re a month away from Sprints,” Stone said. “We have a tough race against Navy this weekend, and then against Yale and Princeton the weekend after that. We’re going to keep training hard and working hard.” Consistency was the name of the game, as Harvard took the Haines Cup over Navy and Delaware after an eight hour drive to the Severn River in Annapolis, Maryland. The varsity eight edged out Navy’s boat by less than a second in 6:04.1 in a tight race decided at the finish. The team’s only blemish on the dual season would come a week later when the crew fell to both Princeton and Yale. The Tigers would pull ahead in the varsity eight in 5:42.7, while the Bulldogs finished a second later and Harvard crossed six seconds after. Despite losing the Vogel and Goldthwait Cups on that day, the Crimson still competed closely with the top crews in the country. For Sean Hayes,

the opportunity to compete with some of the fastest boats in the country was surreal. “For me, being a freshman, it was really something that I’ve wanted more than anything to compete, particularly at the varsity level, for Harvard, and getting to line up against those crews in particular…was incredible,” Hayes said. Hayes said that the competitive nature of the team itself contributes to strong performances against other boats. This competitive spirit will drive the boat come June 1-3, when the team travels to New Jersey for the National Championship. “Right now, we are doing some pretty intense training, also some really, really great training,” Hayes said. “I feel that even in the day that we’ve been training so far, that we made some really great strides. So kind of in lieu of our performance at the Eastern Sprints, we are really shaking things up, and we’re trying to find as much speed as possible.” This may involve changes in the lineups themselves, according to junior David Wexner. “You’ll probably see some guys from different boats switching roles, maybe interboat lineup switches because you never really know where you’ll find speed, sometimes in certain combinations, guys just click, so we’ll definitely be thorough in checking all of our options there,” Wexner said. Dupuis echoed this sentiment and said that the team looks to respond from its Eastern Sprints performance. “We’re introducing some new things into our training, which I think people on our team have really embraced, just basically identifying the weaknesses we had at Eastern Sprints and working our best to turn these weaknesses into our strengths,” Dupuis said. “I think that has been a key focus from the IRA training.” Staff writer Leon K. Yang can be reached at

Page 12 | May 23, 2018 | The Harvard Crimson

The Harvard Crimson - Volume CXLV, No. 73  
The Harvard Crimson - Volume CXLV, No. 73