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Vol. 109, Iss. 7 | Tuesday, April 16, 2019

The Flat Hat The Weekly Student Newspaper

Kathryn Bertine highlights sexism in the bicycling community | Follow us:

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Friday, April 12, the College of William and Mary’s Bike Alliance hosted Kathryn Bertine, a professional cyclist, documentary filmmaker and advocate for gender equality. In her talk titled “The Power of No One,” Bertine chronicled her path from journalist to cyclist to activist, explained what she learned from her struggles and detailed how anyone can create positive change. Bertine started out as a writer for ESPN. In her column “So You Wanna Be An Olympian?” she wrote about what it was like for an average person to train for the Olympics. She chose the triathlon as her sport, and although she didn’t qualify for the Olympics, she fell in love with cycling. However, she saw many problems in the cycling world. “In the back of my head, I thought to myself, ‘You know, this cycling thing, I’m so in love with it, but there are a few problems in this sport,’” Bertine said. “… For example, why are women not invited to all the races the men are invited to? Why are women racing only half the distance of the races that the men do? And why are the prize winnings for the professionals just pennies on the dollar for women? None of this made any sense to me.” This inspired Bertine to become an activist for gender equality in the cycling world. She mainly focused her efforts on one goal: allowing women to race in the Tour de France. “The one thing that stood out to me was: in the most famous cycling race in the world, the Tour de France, where are the women?” Bertine said. “Why aren’t there any women? And why is nobody calling for change?” The Tour de France allowed women for a few years in the 1950s and 1980s, but the media largely ignored them, so they were cut from the competition. Bertine wanted to change that trend and decided to create a documentary entitled “Half the Road,” which portrays the struggles faced by women in cycling. Along with her documentary, she launched a petition entitled “Le Tour Entier” that lobbied for women to be included in the Tour de France. Within weeks, she had hundreds of thousands of signatures. Despite immense opposition, with enough pressure from the public, Bertine and other female professional cyclists were able to race at the 2014 Tour de France. Bertine went on to publish her film about women’s cycling, which won many awards from the filmmaking community. She was featured on the cover of Bicycling magazine in 2016. “I don’t have an Olympic medal; I don’t have an Olympic anything,” Bertine said. “I am no world champion; I am not wealthy; I am not famous, but Bicycling Magazine put me on the cover of the magazine because I stood up and used my voice for change. So if that’s possible, if I am able to do something like that, then we all are. We all are capable of using our voice and creating that change.” Bertine cited further examples of gender inequality in the cycling world, such as the gender pay gap. She recalled a recent incident of gender inequality in the cycling world earlier this year, when cyclist Nicole Hanselmann was forced to stop midrace when she caught up to the male cyclists. Normally, men and women race on the same track, but the women’s race starts later to allow for separation between the racers. In Hanselmann’s race, however, the women started only 10 minutes after the men, and Hanselmann was fast enough to catch up.

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The race organizers had to stop and restart the women’s race once she had reached the men’s position. Vice President of the William and Mary Cycling Club and competitive cyclist Gillian Bennett ’21 had similar experiences to Hanselmann’s. “I can totally relate to the story of getting stopped midrace to let the men’s field pass when I was trying to get on a breakaway, and that’s kind of unfortunate because then the whole field catches up, and all the work you just put in is gone because the men have to pass,” Bennett said. “I’ve been in a lot of races where I’ve passed a lot of the men who have started earlier than me too.” Bennett also discussed her experiences with being a woman in the College’s Cycling Club. “At the beginning of the semester, I was the only active female,” Bennett said. “Since then, I’ve gotten two other girls to join, which

is really cool. I’m very fortunate that I have a club that promotes my cycling just as equal to [the men’s], but I know [when] talking to other women in the sport, it isn’t always the case.” Another member of the College’s Bike Alliance Carolina Lopez ’20 has also experienced this inequality firsthand. “My sophomore year, when I was here, I joined the cycling team for one semester,” Lopez said. “I did feel that I wasn’t as welcome in the group as the rest of the guys. I think I also felt somewhat inadequate because I was going on rides with them. I did feel like I wasn’t enough.” Lopez also connected this inequality more broadly to all women’s sports. “I think with any sport, there’s more attention paid to the men’s events for some reason,” Lopez said. “There’s definitely still a disparity, which is why I was so excited that this event happened, so we could talk about that and have those discussions.”


Law school talk dispels misconceptions about affirmative action Associate Sociology Professor Deenesh Sohoni discusses policy’s continued political and social influences CHARLES COLEMAN FLAT HAT CHIEF STAFF WRITER

The recent university admissions scandal regarding bribery for selective university placements has renewed conversations over the college admissions process at the College of William and Mary. Some of these conversations pertain to the policy of affirmative action, and its role in the college admissions process in the modern era. In a lecture April 15, associate professor of sociology Deenesh Sohoni examined the history and role of affirmative action and delved into discussing the policy’s benefits and consequences. Sohoni’s talk, which was hosted by the College’s Asian Pacific American Law Association, focused on Asian Americans’ place in affirmative action. Ariana Cheng J.D. ’20 helped organize the event. Cheng shared the motivations behind having the talk, in light of the recent lawsuit against Harvard University.

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“We’ve been discussing having a talk about affirmative action the entire year ... discussing [the] Asian American population and [its] divisiveness when it comes to affirmative action, and being muted as not a minority,” Cheng said. “That’s why we wanted to have the talk and view it from a legal framework as well.” In this lecture, Sohoni expressed that he believed affirmative action was still beneficial to Asian Americans, specifically those who still remain in underprivileged positions, and described how many individuals overlook other factors that influence admissions such as legacy, athletics and residency. Sohoni sought to explain the difficulty of establishing an exclusively merit-based system in admission to social institutions such as universities, and that noted that affirmative action continues to be an important factor in college admissions. Sohoni began his talk by looking into the original purpose of affirmative action, investigated why it was installed and attempted

to answer if its original intention was still valid. He provided historical context as well, referencing the policy’s creation as a desire to alleviate past discrimination of minority groups. “These are specifically race-conscious types of policies, and it seems to benefit underrepresented groups, and was originally seen as a counter to the effect of past discrimination and continuing structural discrimination,” Sohoni said. “The original framework of affirmative action focused on trying to correct historical disadvantages of groups, and this is where we’re going to see a shift in how affirmative action has come to be understood in higher education.” After originally being developed by President John Kennedy, affirmative action was strengthened by President Lyndon B. Johnson. While Johnson increased the legitimacy of affirmative action in political spheres, it was still devoid of a clear operational framework. However, Sohoni explained that affirmative

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Student responses to environmental issues must prioritize individual action

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action was among the first policies that specifically designated what a minority was, and how it also acted as a preemptive measure against discrimination. Affirmative action has clearly evolved since the era of the civil rights movement, but Sohoni noted that it eventually began to evolve into a broader term that expanded beyond just racial dimensions. Sohoni spoke on how universities and other social institutions began to include all forms of diversity as important components of their bodies. “We have a shift now from the idea of affirmative action serving to help previously disadvantaged groups, to being a compelling interest in higher education that diversity is a positive force,” Sohoni said. “This also changes things to see discussions about other forms of diversity. … Different universities have moved away from conceptualizing this as an issue

Chloe Folmar ’22 says that strong rhetoric about environmental issues and concerns often do not translate into action on an individual level. page 6

Tribe lacrosse finds success

Junior goalkeeper Elsa Rall and freshman Midfielder Belle Martire discuss the leadership and team dynamics at work in a lacrosse team on the rise. page 10

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The Flat Hat


News Editor Heather Baier News Editor Leslie Davis News Editor Emma Ford | Tuesday, April 16, 2019 | Page 2

The best contribution I could make to the world was to share information about what I experienced, what I saw. The world knew about the atomic bomb, but they didn’t know what they did, how they destroyed.

— Setsuko Thurlow, a survivor of the 1945 atom bomb dropped by the United States on Hiroshima during World War II. From the perspective of a survivor, Thurlow discussed the topics of peace and advocacy for complete nuclear disarmament.



Marksteiner wrote a companion piece to Shakespeare’s “Cymbeline” as her thesis to highlight the storyline of female characters in the male-dominanted play.


THIS WEEK IN FLAT HAT HISTORY April 17, 2009 - Opinions: After six months of deliberation, Williamsburg’s Focus Group on the three-person rule — the CIty of WIlliamsburg’s ordinance limiting the cohabitation of more than three unrelated persons — failed to find any middle ground between student-renters and homeowners. The Flat Hat Editorial Board expressed their discontent that students were blamed for the lack of progress in the plan. April 20, 2007 - News: Following the tragic shooting at Virginia Tech, students at the College of William and Mary and universities around the country held vigils to express solidarity. At the College, a Virginia Tech banner was hung from the Crim Dell bridge and students gathered outside the Wren Building in a candlelight vigil. April 14, 2000 - News: François Bujon de L’Estang, the ambassador from France to the United States, visited the College to give a talk about “European Defence: The French Perspective.” President Timothy Sullivan stated that he looked “forward to welcoming him to the college that educated Thomas Jefferson, who once served as U.S. Ambassador to France.” April 20, 1990 - Fat Head: The staff of The Flat Hat decided to have their Fat Head issue on April 20 rather than the traditional the date of April 1. Among the headlines included “I’m mad as Hell and I’m not going to take it anymore” and “Better watch that scalpel, buddy.” HISTORY BEAT BY GAVIN AQUIN / FLAT HAT SPORTS EDITOR

CORRECTIONS An article in the April 8 issue, “College professors discuss climate change denial in the United States” incorrectly stated that Californians get more proportionate say in the U.S. Senate than Wyomingites. In fact, Wyomingites have more proportionate say in the U.S. Senate, as both states have two senators, but the population of Wyoming is much less. The Flat Hat wishes to correct any fact printed incorrectly. Corrections may be submitted in email to the editor of the section in which the incorrect information was printed. Requests for corrections will be accepted at any time.


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Placing the spotlight on women Sarah Marksteiner describes her feminist play, creation of theatre company Class Act EMMA FORD // FLAT HAT NEWS EDITOR As a little girl, Sarah Marksteiner ’19 fell in love with theatre and acting on stage. Marksteiner carried this passion to the College of William and Mary, where she knew since her freshman year that she wanted to pursue a career in theatre after graduation. Rather than taking the traditional route by going to a conservatory for her higher education, Marksteiner decided to attend the College to maintain studying other subjects as well. She will be graduating this year with a bachelor’s degree in theatre and a minor in marketing. During the first week of classes her freshman year, Marksteiner auditioned for a part in the Pulitzer Prize winning play “Seascape,” written by playwright Edward Albee. She landed her first role with the College’s theatre scene playing a lizard. “It’s a great surrealist play about two couples,” Marksteiner said. “It’s an older couple that’s going through some marital progression with their life, and [they] encounter two anthropomorphic lizards that are a couple. It’s this crazy but beautiful play, and I played a lizard. That was great telling my family about college theatre.” This year, Marksteiner participated in a variety of different productions, wearing many different hats for each of the shows. She was the producer of the “Drowsy Chaperone,” which was performed by Sinfonicron Light Opera Company, a student-run theatre company. Marksteiner also recently acted in “[title of show],” a senior directorial musical directed by Conor Wilson ’19. The show is an eclectic portrayal of four people coming together to write a musical, and it provided Marksteiner with an interesting and intimate final theatre experience at the College. “I say I specialize as an actor,” Marksteiner said. “I came right off of doing [Sinfonicron] where I was in a very administrative role, working with the development side and the financial side of theatre, which is important but not

necessarily fulfilling in the same way, so coming off that and working with in this show with cast of five that was so intimate and so fun, was so special for me.” Marksteiner explained that “[title of show]” felt very surreal for her, since she and actors in “[title of show],” Alex Poirier ’19 and Alex Bulova ’19, have created their own theatre company with some other colleagues called Class Act Players where they write and perform original shows. Class Act Players will be entering its fifth season this summer. Every year, the theatre company puts on its own show and performs at events like the Capital Fringe Festival. Marksteiner will be working with the company this summer and will teach a workshop in addition to putting on the Capital Fringe Festival show. For the Capital Fringe Festival, Class Act Players is putting on a jazz musical that attempts to introduce improvisation into a musical theatre setting. She will also be teaching a four-week workshop to high school students where they will be directing a performance of Shakespeare’s “The Tempest,” which she hopes will sufficiently expose students to all aspects of theatre. “How do you advertise a show?” Marksteiner said. “How do you fundraise if you don’t have enough money and you want to do a show? All of that kind of logistical stuff that is pretty serious. The business of theatre is never taught in high school to my knowledge. I’ve never known anyone who learned about the business side of theatre anywhere at 17 or 18, which I think sets up young theatre makers in a really unfortunate position because there are so many parts of theatre you aren’t exposed to until so much later. You have the agency and power to be doing that younger than people are.” After the summer, Marksteiner is not sure where her plans will take her but intends to reside in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area while assisting with Class Act and auditioning for shows. “I might see a casting call and they’ll

need me in rehearsal that next week,” Marksteiner said. “It’s kind of hard to plan that far ahead with the kind of work I’m interested in doing.” In addition to all her work with Class Act and other performances at the College, Marksteiner finished her senior thesis in the fall. Many of Marksteiner’s favorite plays stem from the classical period and the heightened world of Greek tragedy and Shakespeare plays, but she often feels conflicted by the western, white male narrative told through these plays. In that light, Marksteiner decided to create a companion play to Shakespeare’s “Cymbeline” by examining the role of the evil queen and her journey up until “Cymbeline” begins. Marksteiner wrote the play for the American Shakespeare Center’s Shakespeare New Contemporary Competition. Marksteiner named the evil queen Althea as a nod to Althea Hunt, who founded the College’s theatre department. “I was interested in looking at the role of women, plus theatre practitioners, in the classical sphere because all the plays are written by men, they’re super old, they’re written to be performed by men, even though I think there are some great female characters in there,” Marksteiner said. “I’m interested in how we can be in relationship with those texts in a way that more accurately speaks to the diversity of this community.” Marksteiner ended up being a semifinalist for the competition and held a stage reading of the play in the fall to present her thesis. She hopes to continue creating classical plays in the future that challenge heteronormative narratives. Currently, she has her eye on some D.C. companies, including an all-female one dedicated to Shakespeare. “I think [theatre] is one of the rare places where strangers will enthusiastically come into a room and say, ‘I will consider for the next hour, next two hours what it’s like to be someone else,’” Marksteiner said. “I just don’t think that happens in other places.”

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Marksteiner formed her own theatre company Class Act Players along with Alex Poirier ’19 and Alex Bulova ’19, producing their own original plays.

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Tuesday, April 16, 2019

The Flat Hat


2019 SA Presidential election deemed fair

Voters disenfranchised during class elections for 2019-2020 SA positions EMMA FORD FLAT HAT NEWS EDITOR

Following a March 31 hearing, the College of William and Mary’s Student Assembly Review Board issued an official decision Tuesday, April 9 that election results from the presidential and senatorial elections for the classes of 2021 and 2022 were invalid because a large portion of fulltime underloaded students were ineligible to vote. Although no election outcomes were changed following the distribution of provisional ballots April 5 to students who had previously been restricted from voting, the board also held a secondary hearing concerning intricacies of SA’s constitution. The first case, Bowden v. Independent Elections Commission, was concerned with whether the prevention of certain students on campus from voting in the March 21 election was a violation of SA code. During the election, many part-time and full-time underloaded students were declared ineligible to vote when they attempted to cast ballots both for class-specific contests and for the SA presidential election. Sen. Jack Bowden ’19 was the petitioner for the case and Chair of the Elections Commission Sarah Baker ’19 acted as the respondent. Bowden argued that neither SA’s Constitution nor SA’s Code specify that fulltime underloaded students are ineligible to vote for SA president and vice president. Bowden argued that the failure to specify this exemption indicated an electoral violation. Baker responded by stating that she would welcome any decision the Review Board made, so long as it provided sufficient clarification on which students qualify as “eligible voters.” “I think that it’s very unfortunate that these students were disenfranchised,” Baker said. “I think it’s unfortunate that The Flat Hat misquoted the numbers that we gave them. I think that that the definition of an eligible voter should be clarified because in the copy of the Constitution that I have been provided with it just says that all eligible students are eligible to vote.” Questions were then raised by the Review Board concerning who is responsible for determining student eligibility. According to Baker, Associate Director of Student Leadership Development Trici Fredrick contacts the College’s registrar before campus elections and requests a list of all full-time eligible voters for the election poll offered via TribeLink. Bowden informed the board that the exclusion of full-time underloaded students may have been a result from the College’s Information Technology department. However, Bowden acknowledged that this theory was only speculation that resulted from his initial text messages with Frederick regarding his voting eligibility. Review Board Chair Henry Blackburn ’20 informed the board that the margin separating the Class of 2021 presidential candidates was 12 votes. Blackburn also confirmed that there could potentially be more than 12 voters in the class of 2021 who were disenfranchised and were unable to vote March 21. He informed the board that there were around 775 students in total who were ineligible to vote in the SA presidential election. However, in their decision, the Review Board only called for the invalidation of results from the 2021 and 2022 class elections and refrained from invalidating the results of the SA presidential election between SA President Kelsey Vita ’20 and former Class of 2021 President David DeMarco ’21. “For [Bowden v Independent Elections Commission] a majority of the Review Board found that while the definition of voting eligibility

for campus-wide elections (namely, those regarding the president and vice president) was too vague, a majority of the Review Board found that clause §5.3-7 of the Code gave an indisputable right to all fulltime (including those with an underload) to vote in their social class elections,” Blackburn said in a written statement. “Thus, an injunction was filed on the election results for the classes of 2021 and 2022.” Of the five members on Review Board, Blackburn voted yea, William Siegmund ’19 voted yea, Charles Balaan’19 vote yea, Anna Boustany ’21

... a majority of the Review Board found that clause §5.3-7 of the Code gave an indisputable right to all full-time (including those with an underload) to vote in their social class elections. — SA Review Board Chair Henry Blackburn ‘20

voted yea and Alexander Nocks ’19 voted nay. The Board also asked if students were unconstitutionally restricted from voting in campus-wide elections. The majority voted that these students were not unconstitutionally restricted, stating that SA code allows for the IEC and the College registrar to have discretion when determining who is eligible to vote in the elections. “The code at §5.3-7 grants the registrar’s office the authority to determine students’ social class,” Nocks said in a written statement. “The IEC, using its discretion under §5.3-1, has decided to also delegate authority to determine a student’s voter eligibility more broadly to the registrar’s office. For an unknown reason, the registrar’s office used that authority to exclude petitioners from the eligible list of voters. Since the IEC’s and registrar’s office actions were plainly authorized by the Code and Constitution, the election process used cannot be deemed unconstitutional.”

Discussing affirmative action Exploring policy’s effect on Asian Americans AFFIRMATIVE ACTION from page 1

strictly about race to other forms of diversity.” Sohoni then spoke on the historical evolution of discrimination in the college admissions process, where affirmative action had gradually shifted towards becoming something to improve diversity, rather than just making up for generations of wrongdoings. “When we started looking at the broad

I think it’s good to be critical about how we can improve affirmative action policies ... But we have to distinguish that from getting rid of affirmative action completely. — Ariana Cheng J.D. ‘20

history, we’ve seen a shift from affirmative action as redeeming past discrimination as well as contemporary structural discrimination, to a new arsenate that universities have to use which is achieving diversity. ... Diversity has become the compelling interest,” Sohoni said. Sohoni explained that it is a widely generalized social stereotype that all Asian Americans are extremely accomplished

individuals. However, he argued that there are many Asian American groups, including Mongolians and Cambodians, who still benefit from these policies. “One kind of view of Asian Americans is that they are the model minority; it also encompasses this monolithic view of Asian Americans, but Asian Americans are a diverse population,” Sohoni said. “In essence if we’re looking at the whole review, Asian Americans should be supportive because not all Asian American are doing incredibly well in American society. ... Affirmative action policies can help some of the groups that have not been as successful in the United States.” Sohoni closed his lecture by discussing the different factors that influence college admissions, such as legacy, in-state residence and athletics, and questioned why these aspects receive less public ire than affirmative action. He continued by illustrating how difficult it would be to create a wholly meritbased system in admissions. David Lim, a second-year student at the law school, thought Sohoni’s talk sparked an interesting dialogue concerning college admissions. Lim spoke on how other factors of admissions seemed to be overshadowed by the tension built around affirmative action. “I think the most important point to take away from this presentation was that there are other preference systems in place for college admission,” Lim said. “He mentioned sports, he mentioned legacy, these are all things I think people over look on the debate of affirmative action.” After the talk, Cheng shared what she believed was the biggest take way from the event. She described how she wanted to highlight the negatives and positives of affirmative action and look into how it will evolve. “I think it’s good to be critical about how we can improve affirmative action policies,” Cheng said. “But we have to distinguish that from getting rid of affirmative action completely.”

Nocks went on to explain that the Review Board called into question the wisdom of the current election process but did not doubt the constitutionality of the election. “This Review Board is not empowered to fix ignorant, offensive, or ill-advised decisions,” Nocks said in a written statement. “There are other actors for who are and may adjust the system as they see fit. In this case, however, the Review Board rules for the respondent and rejects the petitioner’s claims that the 2019 election process was unconstitutional on account of select voter ineligibility in student body races.” However, the dissenting opinion written by Balaan and Boustany, stated that students were deprived of their right to vote in the campuswide election of Vita and Thomas, and argued that the IEC should not be allowed to determine voting eligibility. “Considering the framers of the SA Constitution were only amateurs, it is extraordinarily dangerous and a tremendous leap to infer Code §5.3-7 means the IEC has been afforded the authority to define voting eligibility as it pleases,” Balaan and Boustany said in a written statement. Blackburn voted nay, Nocks voted nay and Siegmund voted nay while Balaan and Boustany voted yea. The Class of 2020 was not included in the Review Board’s decision as all presidential and senatorial seats were uncontested. “I’m interested in having those clarifications made,” Bowden said. “I’m interested in fighting to make sure that nontraditional students on this campus, no matter what they are — transfer, part-time, medical overload, whatever it is — have a voice in our student government. Our constitution in non-specific clauses says that we shall derive our power form the students at the College of William and Mary in Virginia, and it’s frustrating; I’m graduating, and I’ve honestly only voted in one competitive race.” The next case the Review Board heard was Baker v. Bowden, where Baker asked the Review Board to question the constitutionality of Bowden’s position as a class of 2019 senator due to his full-time underloaded position, which is a condition that violates eligibility for a senate position. Baker did not request that the board terminate Bowden’s current position, but instead asked to clarify when an individual is eligible to run for a senate position in the future. Bowden argued that the Constitution states that an individual is still eligible for a senate position if at the time of running that individual was not aware that they would not remain a regular full-time student. According to Bowden, he did not know until December that he would be changing his status to full-time underloaded but ran for his senatorial position in spring 2018 before that deliberation had been made. The Review Board unanimously decided that Bowden was constitutionally elected due to him not knowing at the time of running that he would be a full-time underloaded student this semester. Editor’s Note: The Flat Hat would like to clarify that Anna Boustany ’21 is an Opinions Editor for the paper. Her involvement with Student Assembly is not on behalf of the paper’s interests.

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The Flat Hat

Tuesday, April 16, 2019


World War II survivor recounts trauma

Former Japanese decoder advocates for nuclear disarmament GAVIN AQUIN FLAT HAT SPORTS EDITOR

Wednesday, April 10, students attended a COLL 300 lecture given by Setsuko Thurlow, who survived the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945 by the United States. From her unique perspective as a survivor, Thurlow discussed the topics of peace and advocacy for complete nuclear disarmament. Having been extended an invitation by professor Michael Cronin, the program director for Japanese studies at the College of William and Mary, Thurlow came to talk about how ceremony affects her as a hibukusha — a survivor of the World War II atomic bombs. “One of the most important ceremonies in Japanese society is the ceremony every August 6 to commemorate or to mark the dropping of the atom bomb on the city of Hiroshima,” Cronin said. “I thought of Setsuko who has participated in that ceremony as a hibakusha, or survivor. It’s a unique role in Japanese society that comes with a responsibility to share testimony of that day.” On the first day of her service to her country, Thurlow was lucky in that she was among a select group of schoolgirls chosen to be a decoder for the empire, which required her to travel to an army headquarters for work. “That day, August 6, 1945, I was at the army headquarters because I was selected to be part of a group of 30 girls who had to learn how to decode top secrets,” Thurlow said. “We learned it quickly and on that very day, it was our first day to work as decoders. I was one mile from the hypocenter.” The exact moment that the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Thurlow recalled seeing a flash while hearing the cries of her classmates. She also recalls being helped out of the building by a stranger. “At that moment, I saw a blue-white flash,” Thurlow said. “Then, my body started flying up in the air, and when I regained my consciousness, I laid in total darkness and silence and I could not move. I knew that I had faced death. I heard whispering voices of my school mates. ‘Mother, help me. God help me.’” Following her escape, Thurlow was taken aback by the horrors and atrocities that she witnessed outside the building. People affected by the blast had been horribly disfigured, and their last moments of living were horribly painful. “About 30 girls who were with me in the same room were burned to death alive,” Thurlow said. “As I stepped out, I saw the outside world. Though it was morning, it was dark like twilight. As my eyes got used to the darkness, I started seeing movements. I saw human beings approaching me, but I couldn’t recognize them as such. Their hair stood and parts of their bodies

were missing. Skin and flesh hung from their arms. Some carried their eyeballs, and one by one they collapsed to the ground.” Thurlow pointed out that it was not just the people from Hiroshima who were impacted by the atomic bomb. Those who lived in nearby communities fell victim to radiation poisoning when they tried to help survivors from the fallout. The issue was exacerbated by the fact that doctors had not yet become accustomed to treating people with radiation poisoning. As a side effect, women who were pregnant during the blast passed along unintended health effects to their unborn children, whose development would be suddenly halted as a result of the radiation. “Some women produced deformed babies,” Thurlow said. “We were of course under American occupation, so we don’t know exactly how many, but there are many pictures. Many of these babies had the condition known as microcephaly.” During her time under American occupation, Thurlow witnessed the negative treatment that hibakushas suffered under rule from the American military. “General McArthur came to demilitarize and to democratize Japan, but as far as Hiroshima and Nagasaki were concerned, he did the complete opposite,” Thurlow said. “Anything disadvantageous to U.S. forces was forbidden to be published in the papers. They confiscated the diaries and correspondence of survivors. Even haikus and photographs were taken and shipped back to the United States.” Despite the censorship that she experienced as a hibakusha, she felt it was imperative to share her story as one of the few people with firsthand knowledge of nuclear war’s extensive human costs. “The best contribution I could make to the word was to share information about what I experienced, what I saw,” Thurlow said. “The world knew about the atomic bomb, but they didn’t know what they did, how they destroyed. I’m not a physicist, but I do remember what I experienced and that’s something that no human being should ever experience.” After moving to North America in the years following Hiroshima, Thurlow expressed her dismay at encountering Americans and Canadians who felt that the Japanese people deserved to have experienced the detonation of two atom bombs. “In the United States, people were busy justifying the atomic bomb — that the Japanese deserved it — which is extremely painful for me,” Thurlow said. “Even in Canada, that kind of talk was prevalent.” In closing her talk, Thurlow expressed condemnation against former President Truman’s actions, standing firmly in her belief that there is no circumstance whatsoever in which nuclear detonation on civilian populations is acceptable.

“It was not necessary, and Mr. Truman knew that,” Thurlow said. “People were starving in the streets, planes and ships had been destroyed by American forces. The Japanese government was not functioning, and the United States knew that. Hiroshima was an indiscriminate mass murder of innocent civilians, children, women and elderly.” Despite her successes in advocating for peace, she recalled a testing time in the 1980s when she was denied entry into the United States under the auspices of the McCarran-Walter Act, which was a piece of legislation passed during the rampant influence of McCarthyism. “In August 1982, one million peace activists gathered together in Manhattan and marched to Central Park,” Thurlow said. “But, before I went, I was leaving Toronto and an American immigration official and looked at my passport and denied me entry, stating that the country had no need for additional ‘peaceniks.’ He never came back with my passport and made me miss my flight.” Despite the setbacks in her past professional career, Thurlow is optimistic for the younger generations. Having worked with the United Nations, she sees the political involvement of youth as crucial, and feels hopeful that Canadian and American youth will be just as involved in the future. “Spending time with high school students is the most gratifying thing,” Thurlow said. “I’ve received hundreds of letters from students. It’s a good thing teachers are doing, they are not wasting time. Students from Germany and Japan debating and discussing issues at the United Nations, and I look around and see no Canadian youth. I hope to see American and Canadian youth participating more in these events.” For the Japanese House language tutor Kaoru Suzuki, Thurlow’s talk was one she could personally relate to as someone who experienced the 2011 earthquakes and the crisis with the Fukushima nuclear powerplant that ensued afterward. “It’s very moving for me, since I’m from the Tohoku region,” Suzuki said. “I remember the experience that I had from the 2011 earthquakes and Fukushima, so I can sympathize with her sadness.” In her final sentiments, Thurlow hopes that the world can eventually move on from the horrors of the 20th century, and that the current generation can heal the world before they leave it to the future. “Before we pass this world on, we have a big job to clean it up, whether it be climate change or nuclear weapons or race relations, we are all aware of the problems,” Thurlow said. “I want to see all nuclear weapons eliminated, then we can do something about eliminating war itself. Once that is fixed, we make sure the world is fair and just.”


Welsh National Assembly member discusses Brexit David Melding ’85 talks Euroskepticism, provides historical context on British politics CLAIRE HOGAN FLAT HAT ONLINE EDITOR

Thursday, April 11, David Melding ’85, a member of the National Assembly for Wales, gave a talk titled “Britain After Brexit.” Drawing on his own political experience in the United Kingdom, as well as his research into the history of British politics, Melding discussed the country’s ongoing political crisis that began when the United Kingdom narrowly voted to leave the European Union in 2016. Melding started his lecture by briefly providing historical context of the United Kingdom’s tumultuous relationship with the EU. He compared Britain and the EU to the United States, saying that whereas the United States relies on a federal system of governance, the United Kingdom has traditionally shied away from consolidating power alongside fellow European states. “There’s a difference between unity and union,” Melding said. “Unity is seen fundamentally through cultural and educational experiences, human rights. And that’s met in Europe by the creation of the European Council, a very successful body that rules on to this day on election monitoring, human rights work, all sorts of things. And that’s unity, but that’s not an expression of political power within an institution. That requires states to give up some

of their own rights and form institutions. And that’s union, and that’s what you [the United States] did eventually, after a lot of discussion, in 1789. So Britain, yes to unity, no to union.” Melding mentioned that the United Kingdom has always wanted to maintain some separation from other European countries, primarily due to its interest in maintaining a strong sense of national autonomy. “Britain is not anti-European, it will do lots of things with its European partners, but it’s basically wanting to cooperate with its partners and not pool sovereignty to create these powerful, federal institutions,” Melding said. Melding argued that the recent wave of Euroscepticism in the United Kingdom originated in the 1990s, when Britons grew increasingly concerned that the EU was exerting excessive influence over British political and economic decisions. According to Melding, the 2008 financial crisis also contributed to the anti-EU sentiment by creating resentment against political elites. Anti-elite sentiment, coupled with the rise of the UK Independence Party, largely led to the successful Brexit campaign of 2016. “The Brexit campaign is edgy, it’s risky, it uses wonderful lines,” Melding said. “It may have been bunker, but crikey, they sang a good song.” Melding also contended that former Prime Minister

David Cameron’s decision to hold a referendum on Brexit contributed to pro-Brexit sentiments throughout the United Kingdom. By holding a referendum and legitimizing Brexit as a viable political pathway, voters were led to believe that exiting the EU would not be devastatingly drastic since the government entrusted the decision to public opinion. “I think one of the things David Cameron completely failed to grasp is on a major constitutional issue, if you hold a referendum, you validate both propositions,” Melding said. “So the public, acting rationally, they think, ‘Well, I can see we would have a different future if we stayed in or left, but it can’t be that bad if we leave, because the government wouldn’t give us the option of choosing that if it was so catastrophic.’ And I think the public made a rational judgment on that, but I don’t think that many in the government quite realized that that was what they were doing.” Melding then discussed the future of Brexit, saying that the lack of a cohesive plan is largely due to opposing viewpoints on what Brexit means both politically and economically. Melding himself believes that a new economic vision must be formed to unite EU countries. Students who attended the talk were torn on the implications of Brexit, and some agreed with elements of both arguments.

“Back when it was happening in 2016, I hadn’t really thought a whole lot about it,” William Rodriguez ’22 said. “I guess I can kind of sympathize with the people who wanted to vote leave, because I can see how a lot of them probably felt left behind by the increasingly globalizing economy and things like that. It probably wasn’t the smartest idea, and I can imagine they were probably misled by media campaigns and stuff like that. I guess I’m pretty split on the whole thing.” Other students, such as Hannah Kohler ’19, who studied abroad in Wales, had personally been exposed to sentiments about Brexit in the United Kingdom. “I feel like I have almost a personal involvement with Brexit because when I was abroad, a lot of people would bring up Donald Trump,” Kohler said. “It was around spring of 2017 and people would be like, ‘Oh, America’s kind of falling apart into pieces isn’t it,’ and I’d be like, ‘Well, Brexit happened less than a year ago, so you guys are also falling apart.’” Although Brexit is currently tied up in negotiations, Melding believes that Brexit can and must happen in the future. “If it takes you three years to work out what you meant by Brexit, it might not have been a very good idea in the first place,” Melding said. “But you have to live with the consequences of big, democratic events like the referendum.”


APIA researchers talk underrepresentation of intersectional groups in media College professors highlight intersection of identities, gender stereotypes in online dating culture GRACE OLSEN FLAT HAT STAFF WRITER

April 12, Asian and Pacific Islander American studies professors Dr. Monika Gosin and Dr. Joanna Schug presented the results of their study on intersection invisibility. The study showed that black women and Asian men are more likely to be rendered “invisible” — or overlooked and forgotten — than any other intersectional group. Founding Program Director Professor Francis Tangloa Aguas has organized all of the events in the lecture series, inviting guest from around the country. “Three years ago, on May 1, 2016, [APIA] was chartered,” Aguas said. “We have grown immensely and will only continue to grow.” According to Gosin and Schug, despite the recent efforts made by publications to give more attention to the representation of diverse groups, gender stereotypes are still readily

apparent. Gosin said these stereotypes are most apparent in research on mating and dating in the United States, and that proportions of mixed-race marriages are often skewed along gender lines. “75 percent of Asian-white marriages are between a white man and an Asian woman, 73 percent of black-white marriages are between a black man and a white woman and 86 percent of Asianblack marriages are between a black man and an Asian woman,” Gosin said. Schug then followed up by comparing the translation of marriage and dating to similar research done using online dating websites. The results nearly mirrored those of the findings between interracial couples, which did not come as a surprise to the professors. The professors are using their findings to identify intersectional stereotypes, or as Gosin and Schug deem them, “stereotypes of stereotypes.” “Some dating sites will let you list what

groups of people you might be or might not be willing to date, and research has shown the majority of men are going to list Asian women as a preferred group they would consider dating, but only a small percentage of men will list black women as a preferred group,” Schug said. According to the professors, the conclusion of the study of intersectional dating was that the appeal of Asian men and black women was significantly lower than that of Asian women and black men. Following this discovery, Schug and Gosin deepened their study to include why this phenomenon exists, and turned the study towards examining media representation of these four groups in the media. During the study, Schug and Gosin requested their research assistants to collect magazines targeted either specifically for women or men, including examples like Vogue and Sports Illustrated. The research assistants also collected textbooks and other academic reading materials. The point of the

study was to calculate the amount of times the intersectional groups — black women, Asian women, black men and Asian men — appeared in these sources through text reference or in photographs. In their studies of literary documentation, the professors found results that paralleled those of their study on intersectional dating. “Even though [in the media] you do see the representation of black women as beauty objects, we know people like Beyoncé, they are esteemed for their beauty, but the representation of darker skin women is lacking,” Gosin said. Like earlier findings, the research indicated severely limited visibility of Asian men in conventional media sources. “When looking at Asian men in the media there are few who are eligible as sex symbols, or noted as sex symbols,” Gosin said. “There is this little bit of movement as Asian men as sex symbols but really not much.” Gosin and Schug incorporated Gender-

Race Theory to support the findings of their own study. Gender-Race Theory, or Critical Race Theory, emerged in the early 1980s as social scientists began to look at legal studies that pertained to race issues. “When we think about intersection identity, we are drawing on research that draws from the marginalization of more than one social category and what that means,” Gosin said. “We can think of the black feminists, Civil Rights movement and feminist movement overlooking the value of black women and other underrepresented groups.” Back in 2015, the professors had begun to deduce that the results of their studies were influenced on a cultural plane in addition to a psychological one. According to the professors, in order for these longstanding stereotypes of various groups to fade, the media must more forcibly incorporate diversification into their representation of different individuals.


Brick thieves threaten safety at the College

Alyssa Slovin


If you have been anywhere on campus here at the College of William and Mary, you may have noticed the random holes created by missing bricks in the sidewalks. If you are like me, you may have thought that wear and tear — perhaps from deterioration simply due to storms and golf carts, or maybe even the standard bicycle and pedestrian traffic — caused the bricks to become loose. Over time you may come to realize, like me, that loose bricks do not just get up and walk out of the pavement, and someone must have taken them. Maybe at first, in a state of denial, you will try to explain away the issue, saying that staff here at the College remove the loosest bricks so they can replace them later, or maybe even that particularly brave and buff squirrels are the real culprits. However, after dismissing the truth, you will finally accept the fact that the students are the ones stealing the bricks. To some, these thefts may seem like a harmless piece of fun that merely results in a unique souvenir for students to reminisce upon in the future, but this defense can only work at the surface level. The problem is not so much stealing, although it probably is not a healthy habit

to acquire. Others may be concerned about the declining image of the College because the bricks represent the long and rich history that newer colleges cannot always offer. These bricks also create a beautiful, romantic and traditional visual appearance to brighten any difficult day for students. Although this effect is a shame, that is not really a pressing issue, either. The real issue with this theft is the safety concerns that the missing bricks pose to students, employees and visitors alike. It is actually fairly easy to trip or fall into these holes, even while walking on a sunny day if someone is not paying enough attention. More dangerous at night or on days when it rains a lot, these holes actually fill up with rain and make it difficult to differentiate the deep puddles from actual bricks. By tripping or stepping into these spaces, innocent people can obviously trip and fall, but they also run the risk of twisting their ankles or tearing ligaments. This risk is increased for those with disabilities, such as for people who are blind or require the use of a wheelchair. Of course, there are some areas where the bricks are already a little uneven, and of course students often trip in those areas, but missing bricks are amplifying the issue and endangering all students, employees and visitors for the sake of a little rebellion. Students have to consider that their actions have consequences. Most of them only take one, which may not seem like a big deal, but if this trend becomes more popular, there could be hundreds or thousands of holes in the sidewalks by the end of each academic year. Email Alyssa Slovin at


Opinions Editor Anna Boustany Opinions Editor Chloe Folmar

The Flat Hat | Tuesday, April 16, 2019 | Page 5


Student debates cause needless harm Hallie Feinman FLAT HAT GUEST WRITER

I have seen the memes. I have read the opinions pieces. The Flat Hat and “Swampy Memes for Twampy Teens” are apparently at war. I was in class for three hours; then I went to check my Facebook feed, and suddenly ‘Swampy Memes’ was blowing up. Is this what war looks like? Passive aggressive memes? I do not know. I am an American studies major. I know about jazz music and movies, not about military strategy. But, as the outsider looking in, this all-out battle between two publication group is like calling Fortnite a realistic military simulation. Is there lore in Fortnite? Yes, but the lore is dumb, and nobody cares. We just like the pretty colors and silly dances. To the people who are getting really upset about ‘Swampy Memes’ and the posts, sometimes — hear me out here — things just aren’t that deep. And to those on ‘Swampy Memes’ acting like The Flat Hat is literally going to destroy humor, it isn’t that deep. Sometimes jokes really are just jokes. Sometimes it’s okay to poke some harmless fun at campus institutions because sometimes campus institutions are very dorky. I’ve made my fair share of memes about campus housing and the stresses of life, but there’s a difference between making a joke and calling out an institution in rage. I’ve learned the difference, and I think you guys need to learn that, too. I’m going to let you all in on a secret here: every single person who goes to the College of William and Mary is a dweeb, and that’s okay. We know our place in the world, and we make a lot of jokes

about it. It’s important to take a step back and find the humor in what you do. Finding your flaws and addressing them is part of humility. At times, you do need someone else to call out the flaws for you. But right now, this isn’t harmless fun. Some members of each group are calling for the disestablishment of the other one. As the future Editor-in-Chief of the Botetourt Squat, I’ve had to learn a lot about the fine line between poking fun and bullying. The reason why so many people are upset by The Flat Hat’s opinions pieces is that they directly criticize the hobby and creative outlet of students on campus, calling them “unfunny” and “lame.” The most recent letterto-the-editor talking about certain unfunny individuals was clearly targeting one meme maker; I don’t know if there rules against targeting in The Flat Hat, but I know in the Botetourt Squat we are not allowed to make fun of individual students or else we can be accused of harassment. Right now, many on ‘Swampy Memes’ feel like they are being targeted by The Flat Hat. As a response, ‘Swampy Memes’ has seen a lot of posts directly criticizing the content and quality of The Flat Hat, which is targeting specific students on their hobby and creative outlet. Do you see the issue here? We are trying to out-shove each other in lockers, calling each other the losers. But we’re all at the College together; we’re all geeks here. I feel like an exasperated mom who just got off from a 10-hour shift only to come home to my two teenage sons trying to literally eat each other for something somebody said. Knock it off, you two. Now if you excuse me, I’m going to edit another picture of Gibby hitting Spencer with a stop sign. Email Hallie Feinman at

But right now, this isn’t harmless fun. Some members of each group are calling for the disestablishment of the other one.

One Tribe One Day pretends to be fun opportunity for


Inaccesiblity to mental healthcare poses students, in reality hides moneygrab by the College serious danger to the College community RIEL WHITTLE // FLAT HAT GRAPHIC ARTIST


Just as a warning, I reference suicide within this piece. Last weekend, I received an email informing me that I had been selected as part of a study to gather feedback on ways to improve health and wellness services at the College of William and Mary. “Thank Christ,” I thought, like an idiot. “They’re actually going to hire therapists.” I clicked on the link and started to fill out the survey. Instead of questions about mental health on campus, there were queries about the new McLeod Tyler Wellness Center. While suggesting that the College does not really care about the well-being of its students might be considered an extreme statement, that is exactly what I believe. The survey was a depressing reminder that, despite discourse over the College’s failures to address mental health struggles on campus, the administration is unlikely to change anything. Even though I’m a relatively recent transfer, it has become very clear to me that the College values aesthetics and brand above all other things. Look at how the College has been spending its money as of late. There is a new alumni center, alumni weekend and an anatomically correct griffin statue — all transparent efforts to woo donors into kicking back cash into For The Bold, because I guess $800 million still is not enough money for athletics. Make no mistake, these things help bolster the College’s beloved reputation as a Public Ivy, but they do not help students. It’s even more frustrating when the Board of Visitors simultaneously considers raising tuitions, presumably to spend that money on this nonsense or to send it to where last year’s money should have gone. The Wellness Center is maybe the best example of this mindset. This isn’t an attack on the people who work there. In my experience, they have been incredibly committed and helpful, especially when it comes to physical health needs. But when the College wants to improve health services, what does it do? Of course, they create a $1.5 million building with a fake waterfall and whatever a “compassion garden” is. Of course, they sink money into an essential oils pyramid scheme. These are all things that it can point at as evidence that it’s an elite university with the prettiest buildings and the trendiest alternative health classes; sure, these resources have helped people, but would it have maybe been possible to spend $1.4 million and then hire some therapists? I say all of this because of my genuine concern for the students at the College. It’s no secret that colleges are a pressure cooker of stress that often breed or feed into depression and other mental health issues. The College is no different (I direct you to “William & Mary Bad Vibes,” a Facebook group in which students vent about their stresses, frustrations and problems as if it’s a crowd-sourced therapy session). If the College does nothing about the current situation, one in which any given student has to wait five weeks for an opening counseling session, there will be consequences. Someday — I hope to God not today, tomorrow or five years from now — but someday, some poor student is going to give up on therapy. They won’t be willing to wait months for help — if it’s even offered — and they won’t be able to afford private care. They will tell nobody about this, because they’ll be scared that a care report will result in a forced medical withdrawal, throwing their academic career off course. And then they’re going to become a victim of suicide. When this happens, do not listen to whatever grieving mass email the administration sends out. That blood will be on their hands. Email Aidan O’Halloran at

Email Riel Whittle at

The Flat Hat

Tuesday, April 16, 2019

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Q: Why should I file a care report? What process does it initiate? A:

The Dean of Students Office at the College of William & Mary provides students with outreach, advocacy and support services whenever they face any kind of significant challenge. We encourage anyone — including faculty, students, staff, alumni and parents —  to submit a care report if there is concern about a particular student. Reports are monitored throughout the day and are assigned to staff members for student followup based on the nature and severity of the concern. Immediate concerns for a student’s safety and well-being are addressed by the dean on call in collaboration with emergency services when applicable. Then, they are followed up by Care Supports Services and other staff for ongoing needs. Emergency and safety concerns are addressed directly with students in crisis. For non-emergency supports, students may be contacted by phone or email to discuss resources and offered an appointment time if needed. Academic and accommodation needs are most often assigned to staff in our Academic Enrichment office or Student Accessibility Services. Enrollment and emergency absence notifications are addressed by Enrollment Support Services. Residential concerns are typically

assigned to Residence Life staff. The Center for Student Diversity also provides follow-up for academic, social and transition needs for underserved students from diverse backgrounds. Reporters may always indicate that they would like to remain confidential and not be identified as the source of the report. Staff will follow up with reporters to indicate receipt of the report and to confirm they will connect with the student if necessary. Typical response time is between 24-72 hours, depending upon the nature and severity of the concern. The care report system allows us to provide intervention and support to students with a wide variety of needs. We appreciate that the College’s community continues to report concerns so that we can help guide students toward appropriate resources. There are additional ways to support students in need including sexual misconduct/Title IX incident reporting. Please reach out to the Dean of Students Office for additional information. Rachel McDonald is the Director of Care Support Services in the William & Mary Dean of Students Office. Email Rachel at If you have a question you’d like to see answered, please email it to

We appreciate that the College’s community continues to report concerns so that we can help guide students toward appropriate resources.

Tribe Truck meals offer convenience, raise bar for college food service

Caroline Wall


After a complete makeover, the Tribe Truck is now setting a higher standard for food options available on campus. Just a few months ago, the Tribe Truck always looked like it was closed. It sat there all day, but I would only occasionally spot someone trying its seafood options. I tried it once myself, and while I was thrilled that it served hushpuppies, the rest of my meal was simply disappointing. I expected better, especially after doling out so many Dining Dollars. But as the weather turned warm and students returned to the College of William and Mary after a relaxing spring break, the Tribe Truck was reopened and completely revamped. Smokehouse tacos, Mediterranean bowls, fancy mac and cheese; it was like a whole new world, a world that students have been clearly eager to experience. The main draw of the new and improved Tribe Truck is that it offers gourmet meals without draining all of your flex. Sure, it’s not all-you-caneat, but what the Tribe Truck offers is better than anything you could find at Sadler, the Caf or even Marketplace, and it doesn’t get old. The rotating menu ensures that everyone is able to find something they like, and no one gets

sick of the same options week after week. The only downside is that the Tribe Truck is a little too popular to always be a practical dining option. If you want a special, food truck lunch, you have to carve out enough time to stand in its long line, which often extends all the way to the Daily Grind. However, if the weather is nice, you’re with your friends or even if you’re standing there alone listening to your music or reading a book, it’s worth the wait. While the line may be long, the Tribe Truck is usually quick to make your order, and once you get your food, there are plenty of spots nearby, on the Terrace or inside Lodge One, to enjoy the meal you valiantly stood in line for. While the Tribe Truck is a tasty alternative use for your meal swipes, it makes other options for meals seem increasingly disappointing. Why can’t it all be of that superior quality? The Tribe Truck is a step in the right direction, but it too will one day become less of a thrill. The long line we’ve all come to expect outside of Sadler will most likely become shorter and shorter, as the newness of the Tribe Truck wears off. However, regardless of whether its popularity wavers, the Tribe Truck will remain a reminder of what students would like to see more of in their dining options. Rather than letting the success of the Tribe Truck fade away, let’s keep this momentum going and decide what is the next dining option to be revamped. Email Caroline Wall at



Student responses to environmental issues must prioritize individual action

Chloe Folmar


Earth Day — Monday, April 22 — is a perfect opportunity for us as students at the College of William and Mary to rethink our treatment of the environment. In March, Rep. Alexandria OcasioCortez, well known for her Green New Deal and urgent rhetoric about the climate, openly admitted that she will often “get 10 plastic bags at the grocery store and then have to toss [them] out ... because the recycling program in the area is tough.” Patrick Moore, co-founder of Greenpeace, responded by calling this behavior hypocritical; OcasioCortez defended herself by saying that she is “living in the world as it is”— for example, she also flies, uses air conditioning and, oh yeah, listed over a thousand Uber transactions during her congressional campaign despite the subway station .03 miles away from her office. News flash: the climate is important. Instead of sitting around ruminating about how the world is going to end in 12 years if we don’t address climate change, wouldn’t it be cool if our politicians actually did something about it in their personal lives? I’m not talking about ambitious legislation; climate action starts with the individual. One politician exemplifying a truly sustainable lifestyle is way more powerful than just talk. On an even smaller level, one person taking individual steps toward an environmentally-conscious life has significant effects.

Are you doing all the things that you wish our government enforced? Maybe not. If you want our government to ban gasoline vehicles or plastic, do you ever ride in cars or use a fork at Marketplace? You probably do. As the co-founder of Greenpeace would tell you, that’s hypocritical. This is what we need to focus on at the College. Before we talk about policy, we need to make the realistic choices we believe will benefit our environment. More than that, we all have talents and abilities that we can use to cultivate an environmentally-savvy school and country as a whole. To foster that change, let’s talk about the people who are building innovative, sustainable solutions to environmental problems. In 2018, the reusable water bottle market valued at over $8 billion;

hundreds of companies are responding to consumer demands for this environmentally-conscious option. MAC Cosmetics allows customers to exchange their empty lipstick tubes for new ones, incentivizing recycling. The other day I saw an ad on Snapchat for shoes made out of recycled plastic. Companies like WINIT have created things like silicone airtight bags and unbleached paper tea bags. Lush makes shampoo and conditioner bars to cut down on single-use plastics. You can bring used Nespresso capsules to convenient recycling collection points. Reusable straws are the norm now. Seventh Generation is a company that sells eco-friendly cleaning products from plant-based laundry detergent to recycled toilet paper. Pilot makes pens out of recycled water bottles. There are literally shower heads that have been created for the sole purpose of saving water and energy. I could go on. There are people and companies that are actively responding to the seriousness of the climate movement. As college students who care deeply about the environment, we should be coming up with bright ideas like these. At the very least, we need to resolve as individuals to take steps toward a cleaner, better Earth — whether by being conscientious about the waste we produce or by replacing everything we own with the more sustainable option, which, as I think I’ve demonstrated, definitely does exist. If we aren’t doing all we can to play our part in caring for the environment, we don’t really have a right to anxiety or judgmental outrage. Email Chloe Folmar at

There are people and companies that are actively responding to the seriousness of the climate movement. As college students who care deeply about the environment, we should be coming up with bright ideas like these.



Variety Editor Zoe Beardsley Variety Editor Adithi Ramakrishnan

The Flat Hat | Tuesday, April 16, 2019 | Page 7

The purr-fect companions

A sneak peek into the lives of the College’s presidential pets


SARAH SMITH // SENIOR STAFF WRITER At the end of the work day when College of William and Mary President Katherine Rowe walks across the Sir Christopher Wren Yard from the Brafferton to the President’s House, she is usually greeted by two eager faces. Rowe and First Gentleman Bruce Jacobson don’t live alone — they are joined by Lyra and Bear, their two 14-year-old cats. Lyra, the spunkier and smaller of the siblings, often uses this greeting as an opportunity for attention and a chance to make her escape outdoors, where Rowe said she’s content spending hours roaming the private garden bordering Richmond Road. Her brother Bear is more nervous, preferring to lead his owners up the steps away from the President’s House’s more public first floor. “Bear, he wants attention; he’s completely social,” Rowe said. “He needs to have a certain amount of contact with us, particularly with Bruce, a day. … Bruce has been away for much of today so you’re seeing Bruce affection behaviors here, like, ‘If I could just get him to come upstairs with me,’ and he’s a little antsy because there are too many people he hasn’t met before. But he knows this is where the action is, so he wants to be a part of it. He has this push and pull of FOMO — fear of missing out — but he’s also an introvert.” Jacobson, who works out of the President’s House as a telecommunications contractor, added that Bear climbs on his lap at least two or three times a day to get enough attention. On the other hand, Lyra is not as shy. Jacobson said that if the weather is nice and the sun is out, Lyra would be content spending hours outside, coming in only for attention and food. “Lyra is very independent; she likes to go out; she used to hunt,” Jacobson said. “She would bring us trophies when we lived in Northampton. It is fertile hunting grounds. … I think she knows we’ve heard people talk about big birds carrying off small animals, and I think she knows. She stays in this backyard under the boxwoods.” Unfortunately for Lyra, Rowe added that they have yet to find any small rodents in their backyard, meaning that her hunting days have come to a halt. She also added that while Lyra may be afraid of big birds, she’s getting bolder — sometimes venturing around the front of the President’s House to explore the Wren Yard. Both Jacobson and Rowe said they have had students knock on the door, worried that one of their cats had gotten out. “The last week we’ve had students knock on our door and go, ‘Is this your cat?’ and she’s just shamelessly rolling around asking for scratches,” Rowe said. The cats first became a part of Rowe and Jacobson’s family when Rowe was an English professor at Bryn Mawr College, located just west of Philadelphia. The two were rescued from an alleyway along with the rest of their litter in Philadelphia and ended up at a shelter where they caught the couple’s eye. Bear struck them as big, gentle and quiet while Lyra was spunky, fast

and small. Their contrasting personalities made them a perfect fit. “They are amazingly social, and they are mostly pretty nice with each other,” Rowe said. “Once in a while something goes wrong, and there’s a spat, and we can never figure out why. He seems to be dominant around food; he’ll push her away from the food dish, but she’s dominant around the bed. If she’s decided she’s up there and he’s trying to encroach, she’ll smack him away.” Rowe turned to Philip Pullman’s “His Dark Materials” trilogy for the cats’ names. In the books, Lyra Belacqua is the young female protagonist, and Iorek Byrnison is an armored bear. However, Rowe said Bear didn’t live up to the name Iorek and was later nicknamed Bear or “Bearsy” by Rowe and Jacobson’s children Daniel and Beah. Similar to Pullman’s protagonist, feline Lyra is spunky and mischievous. “She likes to ride shoulders, Lyra does, and so once she’s sort of had enough time, if she’s relaxed and feeling friendly and if you’re sitting down, she’ll just jump up on your shoulder and settle there and drape her way around,” Rowe said. After years of living near Bryn Mawr College and Smith College, Bear and Lyra braved a plane ride — their first ever — to Washington, D.C. and the car ride down to Williamsburg to settle into their new home. Rowe and Jacobson said they handled the travel well. Now settled in, the two have returned to old routines with slight adjustments. They’ve found a comfortable perching spot on the second floor landing where they each have a bed. At night, Lyra sleeps under the covers and Bear sleeps curled around Jacobson’s neck and head. In the morning, they’re up early, begging to be let out and fed. “There was a while they were looking for the backyard,” Rowe said. “Lyra would go out every single door trying to find the backyard she remembered, but now this backyard has taken its place, and she knows its whole perimeter.” Along with their cats, Rowe and Jacobson have settled into the house, finding comfort in consistencies like beloved family photos, a cherished piano once used for community lessons and public space in the house that allows them to engage with groups like the President’s Aides and the Spotswood Society. Both reflecting on this last academic year and looking to the future, Rowe said she’s grateful that students and community members respect that the President’s House serves as their home. In the public first floor, she said she’s also enjoyed having it be filled with lots of people for faculty book parties or gatherings of students. Now, she said she’s just looking to have more people come by to play the piano. “One constant is we’ve always liked to have our houses be destination for friends and family and friends of our kids,” Rowe said. “… So having this space be open for lots of people is nice, it feels like a continuation of that.”


The Flat Hat

Tuesday, April 16, 2019

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Latest Muscarelle exhibit “Objects of Ceremony” showcases student artwork



the standard of their museum,” Braddock said. “The museum staff here at the Muscarelle were very impressed at the professionalism of the students, the efficiency and also just the general goodwill of the project.” Four themes divided the exhibition into sections: Endings as Beginnings, Rituals in Repetition, Elevating the Everyday and Considering Color. Clara Poteet ’20, one of the student curators of the Rituals in Repetition section, said that her group aimed to contrast mundane and grandiose rituals of ceremony. “We were looking at how everyday rituals become almost imbued with ceremonial qualities in their repetition, and then also how the repetition of formally recognized ceremonies almost creates a sense of decay because they’re personalized and they turn into other ceremonies,” Poteet said. Poteet pointed out two wedding scenes in the exhibition — “Act VIII: The Bridal Journey” by ukiyo-e master Ando Hiroshige, and below it “Bratsk, Siberia,” an irreverent wedding photograph by Elliott Erwitt — as examples of this dynamic. The two distinct wedding depictions draw attention to how the ceremonial can become something repetitive and ritualistic. Only a few feet away, Jon Gilbert Fox’s “Easter Morning Coming From Harlem” photograph depicts a woman dressed formally for Easter Sunday on the New York City subway, displacing a formal religious ceremony in the repetitive mundane world of public transportation. “It’s a normal commute, every morning on the subway, but the extraordinary has broken in,” Poteet said. “It’s Easter morning, she’s got her fancy Easter hat on and the routine has been interrupted.” Below the Fox print, “Der Verkehr (The Traffic)” by Peter Angermann displays a bus in traffic, with the scene becoming increasingly abstracted and forming a spiral of red, almost violent brush strokes, rendering a repetitive ritual into an erratic ceremony. “It’s this swirling sense of the commute that’s never ending, always going and so it has a frantic energy but it’s also reminiscent of a pilgrimage or a zen garden





he Muscarelle Museum of Art has been enclosed by a fenced-off construction site since last summer, slated for an extensive renovation project. In February, under the leadership of the museum’s new interim director David Brashear, the museum announced it would be able to postpone renovations to allow its lower galleries to be used for students at the College of William and Mary to curate their own exhibition. The exhibition, “Objects of Ceremony: Effervescence, Decay, and the Everyday,” opened April 5 and will be on view until May 31. This show is the product of the first-ever class of The Curatorial Project, an art history course taught by professor Allan Braddock to give students hands-on experience as museum curators. “We’ve known for a while that a lot of our students are interested in pursuing that kind of career, and so it’s a great way to get people out of the classroom and roll up their sleeves and work with actual works of art,” Braddock said. The show came together as a semester-long effort from 17 student curators. At the beginning of the semester, the students did not even expect to be able to use the Muscarelle space or collection, since the museum was meant to be closed this academic year. However, after Muscarelle director Aaron De Groft ’88 stepped down at the end of 2019 and Brashear took over, the museum ended up staying put, and the scope of The Curatorial Project increased. Braddock established the exhibition’s overarching theme of ceremony, but gave the class freedom to curate the exhibit as they chose. With most of the museum’s larger paintings in storage offsite, pieces from the Muscarelle’s collection of prints and the William and Mary Libraries Special Collections Resource Center make up the bulk of the exhibition, along with faculty photography, paintings and ceramics pieces from current undergraduate Indigo Cristol ’19. “I know professional museums and professional curators who would find this to be every bit up to

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where you’re doing these same actions over and over and it creates a space in your mind,” Poteet said. “It sort of clears it out.” However, Poteet’s favorite pieces in the exhibition — the “Untitled” Alexander Calder lithograph and Wayne Morton Thiebaud’s “Eight Lipsticks” etching — deal with repetition both physically and thematically by emphasizing the ceremonial qualities inherent in art-making broadly, and printmaking in particular. “Both of them are prints, and so they are one of many and the same actions have been taken to produce them, but they are not the same as the other prints in the series,” Poteet said. “They are slightly different, whether that’s [because] the ink ran a little bit or they chose different colors or what have you — and both of them also feature repetition within themselves.” “Eight Lipsticks,” with its vibrant vertical lines in primary colors, is positioned next to four sketches by Gene Davis: studies for what would become “Sun Sonata,” the colorful vertical line composition on the exterior wall of the Muscarelle. The two pieces stand in conversation with each other; the human scale of the makeup supplies brings out and the architectural dimension of the “Sun Sonata” sketches, and the same is true in reverse. “Printshop, summer,” a painting of the College’s printmaking studio by art professor Brian Kreydatus, also plays in to the variations of the printmaking motif. In the exhibition’s Elevating the Everyday section, one particularly poignant corner of the gallery depicts domestic scenes of mothers with their children. The corner first introduces a towering seven-foot-tall print from Steve Prince — the Muscarelle’s Director of Engagement and artist-in-residence — titled “Sow.” The print depicts several generations of women in Prince’s own family. The central figure is his mother as she sews a quilt, with careful attention being drawn to the delicate figure of the sewing needle in the center of the canvas. In the folds of her quilt, dozens of scenes play out at once, depicting pivotal moments in African-American history and in Prince’s own family

history. While staggering in its scope and execution, “Sow” ultimately marvels as an intimate, evocative familial scene. To the immediate right of “Sow,” two etchings titled “Mère et enfants (Mother and Children)” by Pablo Picasso depict a mother leisurely laying on a couch as her two children play games on the living room floor, and “Mother and Child,” a photograph by Andy Warhol, shows a mother nursing her child as she smiles at something not quite in the frame. The unofficial trilogy of the Prince, Picasso and Warhol pieces act as the beating heart of “Objects of Ceremony.” One of the Elevating the Everyday curators Alijah Webb ’20 cited this “domestic” corner of the gallery as her personal favorite. But Webb’s acuity for finding vital topics in art extends beyond the brick-enclosed campus of the College. Last year Webb curated “Phosphene,” a solo show at the Aurora Studio Center in her hometown of Roanoke, Virginia, and she is currently curating another show, “Dreams and Nightmares,” which centers the lives and experiences of black women and opens at the Liminal Station Gallery this June. “For so long I was like, ‘I want to get out and I want to leave Roanoke,’” Webb said. “But then I thought, ‘Actually, I think that as a person of color coming from a poorer community, I feel like it’s almost my duty to come back and make things better so that other people have the same opportunities that I had.’” For Webb, curating this collaborative Muscarelle show has fulfilled the course’s ideal of providing more hands-on experiences for art history students. Being a part of “Objects of Ceremony” has only continued to inform Webb’s vision of the kinds of shows she wants to have a hand in curating in the future, which in her case, hits close to home. “I think that it’s really important for young people of color to realize there is space for them in the art world,” Webb said. “I think people need to actively work to make sure that’s happening, but nobody’s doing it. And I feel like I should do it.”


The Flat Hat | Tuesday, April 16, 2019 | Page 9



After close loss in its last game, the Tribe seized its opportunity to take a win against the Blue Hens. Due to the efforts of freshman attacker Belle Martire, the College was able to persevere and win the game in an overtime period.

Tribe defeats Blue Hens 12-11 in thrilling overtime win Team comes back after lagging behind Delaware, breaks tie after tense matchup


After a three-game losing streak, William and Mary hosted Delaware in Martin Family Stadium, April 12, with the hopes of breaking that streak and winning one of the last few games of the regular Colonial Athletic Association season. After entering overtime, the College narrowly defeated the Blue Hens 12-11. Less than a minute into the game, Blue Hens attacker Christine Long scored, and within the next seven minutes, the Blue Hens propelled themselves to 4-0, setting the trend for the game in which the Blue Hens would continually be in the lead. With 18 minutes left in the first half, freshman midfielder Lauren Russell scored the College’s first point, bringing the tally to 4-1. Within a minute of Russell’s goal, Tribe freshman midfielder Belle Martire scored her 32nd goal of the season bringing to College to a score of 4-2. Recognizing that the College was catching up, Blue Hens attacker Caroline Farley propped up the Blue Hens 5-2. The Blue Hens were subsequently given a free position attempt, but midfielder Claire

D’Antonio’s attempt was blocked by the Tribe’s junior goalkeeper Elsa Rall. The following free position attempt granted to the College was successfully converted into a goal when Tribe sophomore attacker Sophie Kopec scored with nine minutes left in the first half. A subsequent goal by Martire, her 33rd goal, brought the score to 5-4. With five minutes left in the first half Tribe senior attacker Maddie Torgerson scored her 15th goal of the season, bringing the tally to 5-5, and evening the score for the first time in the game. Assisted by Russell, Kopec tore ahead of the Blue Hens, with another goal to make it 6-5. As the first half finished, the College was not content with its lead, Torgerson tacked on a final goal of the first half, putting the Tribe up 7-5. Opening the second half, both teams struggled to find their offensive rhythm, but 8 minutes in, Blue Hens Caroline Farley broke the silence with a goal, bringing the score to 7-6. Farley went on to bring the Blue Hens back into the lead, scoring two additional goals and setting the score at 9-7. With the efforts of Tribe junior attack Makenzie Schulze and Martire, the score was equalized yet again to 9-9. Martire was a noticeable presence in the game, scoring yet again to bring the

score to 11-9 with just two minutes left in the half. Freshman defender Starr Howard was given a yellow card, and the referees allowed D’Antonio a free position shot, which she subsequently made, bringing the score to 11-10. With 23 second left in the game, the Blue Hens called a timeout, hoping to equalize the score and go into overtime, a successful gambit due to a goal by Blue Hens midfielder Mia DeRuggiero with 13 second left on the clock. Ending the second half with an 11-11 tie, the College and the Blue Hens were forced to go into overtime to determine the victor of the match. After a fiercely contested overtime round, during which the Blue Hens had a failed free position attempt, a goal by Martire with 22 seconds left in overtime saved the game, 12-11. “It was a dog fight from top to bottom,” head coach Hillary Fratzke said. “I’m really proud of the girls. We talked about it all week — finding a better way. Honestly, that was the only thing they could do out there. They scored that last goal man-down after we got our fourth nonreleasable yellow card. It was pure gut.” The Tribe travelled to Towson, Md. April 14 and fell to the Tigers 12-22. Read more about this game at


College gains momentum at Mason Spring Invitational Strong performances and 23 lifetime bests spell success for College, hopes to excel at final meet COLLIN ANDERSON FLAT HAT SPORTS ASSOC. EDITOR

Saturday, April 13, numerous top-caliber marks from all around the track carried William and Mary to two top-three finishes, with the men’s team winning the meet with a score of 83 points. The women finished third in the field of 22 strong teams, while the men snuck past Saint Francis and George Mason to win the 18-team competition. The College entered the meet coming off a strong performance at the 54th annual Colonial Relays last weekend in which the College registered numerous top performances led by defending Colonial Athletic Association athletes of the week, sophomores Miles Owens and Michael Fairbanks. The meet featured several top teams from across the country, as well as the host Patriots and would hopefully provide a stepping stone as the teams head into the crucial part of the season. The College recorded numerous Eastern College Athletic Conference qualifying performances, led by

Owens, who ran a lifetime-best of 1:49.48 to finish second in the 800m run. The time is the fastest for any Tribe athlete in this event since 2007. On the women’s side, junior Charlotte Kowalk finished fourth with a time of 2:10.46, just off of her lifetime best. Just behind her was senior Lindsay Schott, who ran a lifetime best to finish in sixth place. Senior Ryan McGorty continued his impressive season on the track with a third-place finish in the 1500m, running 3:44.94, just off of his lifetime best. Redshirt-freshman Evan Goodell finished close behind in seventh with an impressive ECAC-qualifying time of 3:50.88. The Tribe continued to impress in the field events, starting with the shot put. On the men’s side, the College placed three athletes in the top ten, led by senior Preston Richardson. Richardson recorded an ECAC qualifying performance of 17.53m to launch himself to the top of the Colonial Athletic Association rankings. He was followed by senior Vlad Castillo, Jr. and freshman Troy Yearwood, who threw 15.62m and 15.04m respectively. On the women’s side, freshman

Chelsea Wallace recorded a lifetime-best throw of 13.40m to place third overall. The Chesapeake, Virginia native has now moved into the top-ten in school history in the event. The men continued their dominance in the discus, again placing three athletes in the top ten. Yearwood and Castillo again placed in the top ten, with sophomore Connor Scott finishing in third place with a throw of 49.65m, a lifetime best. Fairbanks won the pole vault with a monstrous leap of 4.92m, which requalified him for the ECAC championships. In the women’s pole vault, two Tribe athletes tied for third place, with junior Lauren Graves and sophomore Taylor Jones both vaulting 3.72m for new personal bests. Both Graves and Jones also recorded lifetime bests last weekend at the Colonial Relays. In the sprints, sophomore Theo Chambers led the way with a personal best time of 48.88 seconds in the 400m dash, placing fifth overall. On the women’s side, the Tribe sprinters picked up a few crucial points in the 400m as well, with juniors Susanna Maisto and

Gabby Runge finishing 2nd and 6th respectively with times of 55.52 and 57.99, both personal bests. While the sprinters have not been as active this season, they provided some much-needed support for the College this weekend. Overall, the Tribe recorded 17 total ECAC qualifiers in addition to the 23 lifetime-best marks on the women’s side. The College leads the CAA in numerous events including the men’s shot put heading into the tail end of the season, with the CAA championships just three short weeks away. Both men’s and women’s teams have three meets remaining and will travel to Virginia, Pennsylvania, and North Carolina within the end of the month. Both teams will then travel to Elon University along with the rest of the conference for the conference championships starting May 3. The final meet of the season for most of the Tribe will be the ECAC championships, May 11-12 hosted by Princeton University. Both teams will be back in action at the Duke Invitational in Durham, N.C. next weekend, action kicks off on Friday.


Tribe springs into action in annual Spring Game, London ushers in change

Team looks forward to tough fall season as spring training comes to end, injuries sustained by player ended scrimmage


In head coach Jimmye Laycock’s last season, William and Mary improved on its 0-8 record in the Colonial Athletic Association from 2017. The Tribe managed to win three games in conference in 2018, spurring the College to a 4-6 record. Shortly after the conclusion of the season, the Tribe announced that it was hiring former Virginia head football coach Mike London for the same position at the College. London was previously a defensive line coach at the College under Laycock in the early 1990s. He won a national championship as the head coach of Richmond in 2008, before accepting the head coaching job at Virginia. For the last two years, London was the head coach at Howard. At the College, he is tasked with reinvigorating a struggling Tribe program that mustered only 11 wins in Laycock’s last three seasons. The Tribe has not been to the Football Championship Subdivision playoffs since 2015. This year for the spring game, the team split into first and second-string offenses and defenses. The first-string offense, the green team, was led by junior quarterback Shon Mitchell and senior quarterback Brandon Battle. The second-string offense, the gold team, was led by junior quarterbacks Ted Hefter and Dean Rotger, along with redshirt freshman quarterback Kevin Jarrell. On the first drive of the game, Hefter led the gold team on a steady drive downfield before the offense stalled out in the red zone. Senior kicker Kris Hooper put the first points on the board in the game with a 39yard field goal to make the score 3-0. Battle led the green team onto the field for the first time and promptly threw an interception with just over half of the first quarter left to play. On the green team’s next possession, Mitchell got the nod, but the drive ended with another interception.

Hefter ended up getting a chance with the first-string offense and led the green team right down the field. Senior running back Albert Funderburke and sophomore running back Owen Wright were featured prominently on the drive and Wright ultimately cashed in with a nine-yard touchdown run. “Our running game has improved a lot, particularly with the guys up front,” London said. “Your running game goes as your offensive line goes.” Wright took the pitch from Hefter and got to the edge before lunging towards the pylon for the first touchdown of the game. That gave the green team a 7-3 edge with just over three minutes to play before halftime. Neither team was able to score for the rest of the second quarter. In the second half, there was a running clock and the third quarter flew by, but the green team was able to stretch its lead to two possessions on the last play of the quarter. Wright scored his second touchdown of the game on a two-yard scamper to push the green team’s advantage to 14-3. The game was cut short with 5:48 left on the clock due to an injury sustained by junior offensive lineman Dan Evers. According to London, it was a high-ankle injury. The Tribe has faced an uncertain quarterback situation over the past two seasons, with at least three players getting significant playing time in each of those seasons. It is still unclear who will be under center for the Tribe’s season opener, but steady play at that position will be key to the Tribe’s success in 2019. “We’re going to put the best player out there,” London said. “We’re going to be definitive about it. … There were some good things that happened out there tonight, but there are some obvious things that we have to take care of.” The College will open its season at home against Lafayette Aug. 31.

The Tribe faces a tough non-conference slate, including two Football Bowl Subdivision opponents: Virginia and East Carolina. The College’s four home games in CAA play will be against Villanova, James Madison, Rhode Island and Towson. The in-state rivalry matchup against the Dukes Oct. 19 will also be homecoming for the Tribe. Two years ago, the Tribe took on the Dukes for homecoming and lost 46-14. This season, the College will look to finish with a winning record overall and in the CAA for the first time since 2015. “Everything has been new for us,” London said. “I believe there’s a new energy that these guys have, and that’s what’s exciting. They’ve embraced it, and they’ve embraced the new culture we’re trying to create.”


Teams Green and Gold battled it out on the field before game was cut short.


Sports Editor Gavin Aquin Sports Editor Avery Lackner @FlatHatSports

The Flat Hat | Tuesday, April 16, 2019 | Page10


Leading a team on the rise JAMIE HOLT/ THE FLAT HAT

The College’s freshman have taken a large role on the squad this year, both on offense and defense. Freshman defender Starr Howard and freshman midfielder Lauren Russell have also made serious contributions to the team this season.

Tribe, helmed by Rall, Martire, breaks records, earns first CAA victory since 2016 season AVERY LACKNER FLAT HAT SPORTS EDITOR

leader. Besides putting her body between the ball and the back of the net, it is Rall’s responsibility to lead the defense. Smiling slightly, she admits that sometimes she can get too caught up Belle Martire ‘22 and Elsa Rall ‘20 share more similarities in trying to direct their every move. This does not stem from than just a team and a passion for William and Mary’s lacrosse a desire for control; in fact, she says she trusts her teammates program. Although Martire is a freshman and Rall a junior, the immensely. Rather, it is an attempt to communicate what she former a midfielder and the latter a goalkeeper, both players can see from her vantage point. have a clear admiration for the game and a maturity derived Both Martire and Rall acknowledge the vital importance of from the pivotal roles they play on what is arguably the Tribe’s communication between the offensive and defensive players. best team in years. While they may seem like two separate entities, attackers and Each possesses an air of quiet confidence, giving thoughtful defenders are inextricably linked — two sides of the same coin. answers to even the most probing questions, but passion bursts “You have to have two different mindsets,” Rall said. “… But through their calm demeanors when Martire and Rall speak of in order to get the ball to attack we have to make those stops, so their teammates. there [are] a lot of factors that go into that, but communication “The team is my family,” Martire said. “… No matter if you’re is really important because we wouldn’t be able to get the ball playing on the field or if you’re on the sideline, … we all work up the field if there wasn’t that connection between the two.” hard together. My teammates push me hard every day and Martire, too, realizes the necessity of working in tandem challenge me and have allowed me to improve my skills.” with Rall and her defenders. She has proven herself up to the challenge, having been “Our defense is a brick wall, they are incredible,” Martire honored as the Colonial Athletic Association’s Rookie of the said. “… Elsa has just had a phenomenal season. What the Week two consecutive weeks this season and playing just defense likes to say is they try and make as many stops as as many minutes as her fellow upperclassman midfielders. possible, so they can give us room to have errors on the attack.” Martire has scored 39 goals and counting on the season, a team Luckily for the team, Martire and Rall keep the errors to a high, earning a hat trick in three of the team’s last four games. minimum. In a stunning 9-8 victory at Davidson March 14, She is no stranger to hard work on and off the field. Martire earned yet another hat trick, scoring three times off “I didn’t have any expectations coming into the season,” just three shot attempts, displaying laser-focused accuracy Martire said. “I just knew that I was going to do everything and nearly perfect shot selection. Martire’s final goal gave the in my power to work as hard as I possibly could, and just do Tribe the lead with just 18 seconds left on the clock. whatever was needed and asked of for what was best for the For her part, Rall was an impenetrable wall in the goal; she team.” totaled a career-high 20 saves, the second best single-game Rall shares Martire’s motivation. Aside from practices, performance in school history. Rall also nabbed 10 ground scrimmages and early morning lifts, Rall spends hours in the balls, setting a single-game school record. training room focusing on her hand-eye coordination. She Such visible success can be both a motivator and a stressor. describes some of the training staff ’s methods as “unorthodox,” Both Martire and Rall try to establish an attitude of grateful and yet she trusts them with her talent; if the results are any concentration and find that leaning on teammates helps indication, her faith is not misplaced. relieve the tension. As a freshman, Rall played in 13 games, starting in two, and “It’s definitely been an incredible experience playing totaled 55 saves on the season. Sophomore year she came the minutes that I have,” Martire said. “… It is also a little out swinging, making an appearance in all 16 games: 14 as a daunting, but I do know that the team has my back no matter starter, tallying 159 saves and boasting a .427 save percentage, what happens. In failure and in success we’re going to be including a game against Richmond in which she notched 18 there for each other, and that’s kind of what matters at the saves and a .621 save percentage, a career high at the time. end of the day.” Off the field, Rall earned the CAA Commissioner’s Academic Likewise, Rall focuses on supporting her teammates and Honor Roll distinction for her performance in the classroom. drawing on that support after tough losses, like the 12-11 Now a junior, Rall has grown in many ways. For one, overtime slip-up against Coastal Carolina March 24. Despite she starts every game, playing 50 minutes or more in each Rall’s stellar goalkeeping, including a save with 20 seconds outing so far this season. For another, she bears the burden left of regulation play and a crucial stop during overtime, the of setting an example for the underclassman Tribe lost narrowly in what was clearly a frustrating outcome cheerfully, letting her work e t h i c for the team. do the talking. “Yeah, that was a tough loss,” Rall admits. “We didn’t really Rall describes show up in the first half, which put us at a disadvantage. … It blocking tosses can be a little frustrating, but then you have to realize that it’s from the a team sport and there’s so many different factors that go into trainer a game. When it can be frustrating at times you have to look with at the bigger picture.” h e r The bigger picture, for this season, is promising. back against a wall, while In March, the midpoint in the season, the Tribe wearing glasses that block had already won more games than it had in the her vision for a split second as entirety of the previous season. In CAA play, the ball comes her way. The instant she the College had not won a game since the 2016 regains her sight, she must find and block season. That is, until this team beat Delaware the ball, a maddening process, as the in a 12-11 overtime nail-biter April 12. This tosses come faster and faster the longer is the first team consisting entirely of the drill goes on. But to Rall it is worth the players recruited by head coach Hillary work, especially since the outcome Fratzke rather than her predecessor, of numerous games this season and it shows. They’ve been JAMIE HOLT/ THE FLAT HAT have come down to her goalkeeping defying expectations since day abilities, a unique form of pressure she one. does not shy away from. Fratzke’s emphasis on the Neither does she shrink from her role as a team fundamentals of the game means

building players from the ground up. No detail is too minute to matter to these athletes, and they’ve worked hard to improve themselves and each other. They’ve also made it abundantly clear that they will set the tone for the season themselves. The result is a complex ecosystem, in which each player’s strengths and weaknesses are utilized. The upperclassmen depend on the freshman for their energy, drive and focus. “We’ve had a lot of change this year, … a lot of freshmen,” Rall said. “They have just brought a completely different mindset to the whole process, and I think that has really helped the upperclassmen.” The rookies look to the veterans as examples of perseverance through less than spectacular seasons and dedication to something bigger than themselves. “We have to make the most of every opportunity and know that the work that we put in will pay off,” Martire said. “Whatever you’re doing … give it all you’ve got.” Social class distinctions aside, each member of the team recognizes the importance of presenting a JAMIE HOLT/ THE FLAT HAT united front on and off the field. When it comes to determining the future of the team, the emphasis on teamwork doesn’t change. “Nothing compares to starting the season,” Martire said. “… We all knew that we had to be there for each other on a level that personally I had never experienced before. So, I think just kind of knowing that we’re all going through this experience together, the stress and the excitement, and just all the kind of emotions involved with starting the season … that was kind of the defining moment.” Rall and Martire, record breakers in their own rights, are grounded by their teammates. They have personal goals, of course, but those are mentioned only in passing. Far less fleeting are their plans for the future of the team. They hope to take the CAA by storm, and with a victory over Delaware marking their first conference victory in nearly three years, that goal no longer seems unreachable. The closer it gets, though, the more focus will be required of them. The team faces the danger of being lulled into a false sense of security by early successes. They still face a punishing conference schedule, packed with teams like the undefeated James Madison, as well as Hofstra and Towson who are both 2-1 in CAA play. However, Rall and Martire are determined not to underestimate any opponent. They set goals of out-working every other team in the conference, and they are well on their way to meeting that goal. Despite the obstacles and the pressure, both Martire and Rall look towards the future with excitement rather than trepidation, neither one feeling the pressure of any predictions for the team except their own. They’ve each shattered enough records to know when a limit can be exceeded, and that’s exactly what they plan to do.

Profile for The Flat Hat

The Flat Hat April 16 2019  

The Flat Hat is the College of William and Mary's weekly student newspaper.

The Flat Hat April 16 2019  

The Flat Hat is the College of William and Mary's weekly student newspaper.