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CPD superintendent talks technology, officer training improvements PAGE 25

PAGE 16 April 16, 2018

Volume 53, Issue 27

Pop-ups proliferate as people seek unique experiences

Reflections & Replacements College talks provost departure PR E S I D E NT


College students struggle for daily meals » ERIC BRADACH MANAGING EDITOR IN THE NATION’S higher education institutions, some students use their free time harnessing their creativity to craft art projects, music or films. Others try various ways to earn money for food by selling their blood, said Anthony Hernandez, a third-

year doctoral educational policy studies student and research assistant at the Wisconsin HOPE Lab. With skyrocketing tuition, fees, textbook prices and more than $1.5 trillion in college student loan debt, young minds hungry for an education also find their stomachs craving an adequate meal, according to a 20-state survey of 40,000 college students by the


Textbooks or lunch?

Wisconsin HOPE Lab at the University of Wisconsin–Madison released this month. Thirty-six percent of college students said they are food and/or housing “insecure” and 9 percent reported themselves homeless during the previous year. The alarming numbers are even higher among community college students, with 42 percent struggling to find a meal and 46 percent unsure whether they will have shelter at night, according to the survey. All the researchers were “alarmed” by the survey’s results, said Hernandez, who co-authored the report. The stronger the obstacles to basic filling life needs, the

greater the challenge for college students to complete their education The survey supports the idea that college is too expensive, he added. “There’s a stress that students experience, and it can be harmful not only to your mental health, but it could be harmful to your physical body,” Hernandez said. “When you’re not eating meals regularly and have poor nutrition, your body and mind pay a price. If you’re in that state, you cannot be your best possible student.” Hernandez said students told him stories of how their financial struggles caused distractions in the classroom.



CEO Kwang-Wu Kim’s April 6 announcement that Senior Vice President and Provost Stan Wearden will be stepping down in June 2019, the college community is reflecting on his accomplishments and what work remains for a new provost. Wearden was appointed provost by Kim on Feb. 26, 2014, and began in June 2014 after the position had been filled on an interim basis for three years, as reported Feb. 28, 2014, by The Chronicle. Kim told The Chronicle that the provost’s decision was not surprising because they agreed to discuss Wearden’s future at the college upon nearing the end of his five-year term. “What we agreed is if he was thinking about stepping down, I need to know so I can think now about the transition. We’re great colleagues and I have a lot of

respect for Stan,” Kim said. “I’m beginning to have the conversation about what he’s thinking about next. He’s thinking about a lot of different directions, but he’s really helped us accomplish a lot, and as I keep reminding him, he’s not done yet.” Wearden’s duties included implementation of the college’s five-year Strategic Plan, approved by the Board of Trustees in May 2015. Along with continuing to execute the plan’s goals, Kim said Wearden will also be preparing the college for its next accreditation site visit, which will be next year, according to Kim’s April 6 email. “By the end of his five years [Stan] will have overseen most of the [Strategic Plan’s] implementation,” Kim said. “The college has an accreditation site visit and those come every 10 years so he will have helped the college through at a very key moment in our ongoing development. Those two things are a very substantial legacy for a provost.”



editor’s note

What’s a provost and why should you care ours is leaving?




t was announced April 6 that one of Columbia’s top administrators will be leaving the college effective June 2019. But the news hasn’t really made an impact on the many students who are unaware of who Stan Wearden is and what a senior vice president and provost even does. Wearden will be closing out five years at Columbia when June 2019 rolls around, as reported April 6 by The Chronicle. In that time, he has been instrumental in the implementation of the Strategic Plan as well as changes in curriculum and faculty policies. He is the college’s chief academic officer, meaning any academic decisions have to go through him for approval. Following the announcement of Wearden’s departure, I thought I could talk a bit about the major things he’s done since he’s been at the college and how his leaving will affect students. When Wearden started at the college in 2014, it was just a year into President and CEO Kwang-Wu Kim’s presidency. The two have worked closely since joining Columbia, particularly on the five-year Strategic Plan that has been the main focus of both Kim and Wearden’s tenure. One of the plan’s goals—21st-Century Curriculum—is in place to make sure Columbia’s curriculum is right for its students and that it is up to date with evolving curricula across the country. The new Columbia Core Curriculum—replacing the LAS Core Curriculum starting fall 2019—was approved by Wearden after being proposed Feb. 8, 2017, by the Columbia Core Curriculum Committee and approved by Faculty Senate. It includes changes to basic core requirements for students, such as expanding the requirement for 2000-level courses from six credits to 15 and requiring upperclassmen to take a new course titled “Business, Technology and Communication.” Though Wearden approved this new curriculum, he will not be around once it is implemented, which means that any alterations, evaluations or critiques to the core curriculum will not go through him but rather to whoever will serve as new senior vice president and provost following the nationwide search. As part of overseeing academics and faculty, Wearden is involved with the 2 THE CHRONICLE APRIL 16, 2018



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committee bargaining with the part-time METRO REPORTERS faculty union over its new contract. And disagreements and tensions between the two groups caused P-Fac to go on strike at the end of the Fall 2017 Semester. OPINIONS EDITOR Wearden was also part of the recommendations made to discontinue the education and creative arts therapies COPY CHIEF programs and not place the programs’ COPY EDITORS tenured faculty in other departments. This was just the most recent in a long line of department mergers and separations and program terminations and additions GRAPHIC DESIGNERS Wearden has had a hand in. These have all been cited as means to further Strategic ADVERTISING DESIGNER Plan goals. Major changes include the 2015 split of the Art + Design Department into the Arts SENIOR PHOTO EDITORS and Art History and Design departments; the 2016 addition of the social media and STAFF PHOTOGRAPHERS digital strategy program and communication program under the Communication Department; the 2016 administrative merger of the Dance and Theatre depart MULTIMEDIA EDITOR of the Radio MULTIMEDIA REPORTERS ments; the 2017 consolidation Department into the Communication Department; the 2017 mergers of the Television and Cinema Art and Science MEDIA SALES REPS departments and the English and Creative Writing departments; and the move of the MARKETING ASSISTANT animation program to the Interactive Arts and Media Department. your creSo if you’re wondering why WEBMASTER ative writing courses have moved from Congress ONLINE CONTENT PRODUCER 624 S. Michigan Ave. to 33 E. Parkway, Wearden is part of the reason. But beyond things like mergers and splits, whose deciOFFICE ASSISTANT a provost is an administrator sions most directly affect students and their education. to know GENERAL MANAGER While it’s a little late to get FACULTY ADVISER Wearden and make sure he knows ASSISTANT FACULTY ADVISER who students are and what they want, there’s always a second chance with the new provost. If you don’t like some of the changes Wearden approved, make your voice heard in open forums for future ones.


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Student finds fame on youtube with ‘Supernatural’ » » KEVIN TIONGSON/CHRONICLE

Students receive diversity fellowship for two-week program

Jonathan Castillo, first year photography graduate student, said he is looking forward to integrating his photography and paper making skills. He credits many fellowships in helping him complete his multiple photography projects from around the world.

FOUR STUDENTS OF color received a fellowship to travel to Maine’s Haystack Mountain School of Crafts to participate in a two-week workshop this summer. Mel Potter, associate professor in the Art and Art History Department, helped collaborate with the Diversity, Inclusion and Equity Office to bring students to Haystack’s campus. Potter said Haystack wanted to develop an initiative to improve the diversity of its student population. The program was designed to include students of color who will be continuing at Columbia the following semester so they could share their experiences taking craft workshops at Haystack. Potter said it is crucial to give this fellowship to students of color because they are traditionally not well-represented in the world of academia. “Diversity is an urgent issue that everybody is dealing with right now,” Potter said.

“Haystack is smart [because] they want to have a broad range of different narratives and representation.” The students who received the award are Julia Arrendondo, a first year interdisciplinary book and paper arts graduate student; Paria Izadmehr, a first year interdisciplinary arts and media graduate student; Tyler Jones, junior art and art history major; and Jonathan Castillo, a

Castillo said he signed up to try blacksmithing for his workshop classes. “Maybe I’ll find some way to integrate photography and ironware or blacksmithing,” Castillo said. “It could just be a fun networking opportunity and a place to just go and learn a new skill. I’m not really going into it with too much expectation of what I’m going to learn. I’m just going to see what happens.”

These fellowships are important because it makes it so people could afford to go do this


first year photography graduate student. Castillo said he heard about the scholarship from Potter during his paper making class and was shocked to receive the fellowship. Because the fellowship encourages students to try something different,

Castillo said the fellowship pays for travel, food, and room and board. “These fellowships are important because it makes it so people could afford to go do this. I couldn’t afford to go to Haystack. It’s too expensive,” Castillo said.

“I couldn’t even afford to go to [Columbia]. The only reason I’m here is because I got a graduate assistantship.” Izadmehr said she is really excited to be taught by instructors from institutions nationwide during the two-week workshops, which includes instructors from Stanford University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. “Going in workshops with different artists [with] different backgrounds, different personalities is extremely awesome [because] you can learn so many things [and] collaborate [with] them,” Izadmehr said. The partnership will continue for another three years, Potter said. This fellowship is significant because it allows students to travel outside of the city and network with artists from all over the country. “It’s so exciting to be able to extend what Columbia currently offers to give students professional and artistic opportunity,” Potter said.



» MOLLY WALSH CAMPUS REPORTER STUDENT FINANCIAL SERVICES will contract with a new vendor to improve customer service on the toll-free consultation line and online chat services for students. Acting on the student feedback that they received about the customer service lines, Columbia will begin outsourcing to ProEducation Solutions beginning on April 16, according to Assistant Vice President of SFS Cynthia Grunden. “We are making this change to a new partner specifically to improve customer service to students because that is important to us,” Grunden said. “We selected this partner because they specialize in financial aid services. They come highly recommended from other colleges. We are looking to

target better service for students.” The college previously had a contract with CMD Outsourcing Solutions for more than 13 years, but Grunden said SFS wanted to work with a company focusing on financial aid so students will receive more accurate and complete responses. SFS requested formal proposals from 20 outsourcing firms and received 10 proposals and then selected ProEducation Solutions, according to Grunden. Barbara Ebert-Balzano, director of Outreach and Education and Financial Plannings, said SFS is planning to solicit student feedback after launching to ensure needs will be met. She encouraged students to provide SFS with feedback. “[Feedback] is the only way we are going to improve and know what type of job we are doing,”

Elbert-Balzano said. The new service will offer increased call hours from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday­—Thursday instead of 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday–Friday—shorter wait times, accurate information and a live person answering the phone, according to Ebert-Balzano. Paul Gilroy, president of ProEducation Solution said the call agents at ProEducation Solutions can answer any questions students might have on the first phone call 99 percent of the time. He added that the call agents are evaluated based on customer service as well as their knowledge of financial aid. “Our call center agents already have a number of years of financial aid experience and the reason that’s very important is financial aid is a very complicated process,” Gilroy said. “It’s natural


for students and parents to have questions about the process, how it works and how they can qualify. Unlike other services, it really requires a special expertise and that’s what we focus on.” After receiving more than 40,000 phone calls and 8,500 chats a year, SFS is hoping to have better customer serice, engagement and communication with students and their families

by outsourcing to ProEducation Solutions, Grunden said. Gilroy said he thinks that ProEducation Solutions will be a very positive and benefical experience for students as well as their families. “We are really looking forward to this partnership,” Gilroy said. “We are looking forward to serving students at Columbia.”

Student Financial Services works to improve customer service



The Music Center at Columbia College Chicago 1014 S. Michigan Avenue

M u s i c

D e p a r t m e n t

E v e n t s

Monday April 16 Jackson Shepard Senior Recital

The Music Center at Columbia College Chicago 1014 S. Michigan Avenue


M u s i18 c D e p a r t m e n t E v e n t s Wednesday April Wednesday Noon Guitar Concert Series Monday April 16 at the Jackson Conaway Shepard Center Senior Recital 7:00 pm


Wednesday April 18 Wednesday Noon Guitar Concert Series at the Conaway Center

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Friday April 20

7:00 pm Friday AprilNew 20Voices in Michiana: Ensemble Concept/21 New Voices in Michiana: Ensemble Concept/21

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offers a bachelor’s degree of fouryear programs to train national interpreters,” Cook said. Cook said he came to Columbia in 1994 as an adjunct facul-

» OLIVIA DELOIAN CAMPUS REPORTER THE AMERICAN SIGN LanguageEnglish Interpretation Department is celebrating 25 years of instruction at Columbia. The department is hosting a 25th anniversary event April 28 featuring workshops, alumni panels and an evening social at 1104 S. Wabash Ave., with the other locations to be determined. Peter Cook, chair of the ASL Department, said the program was founded because of the demand for sign language interpreters in the early ‘90s at a time when there were relatively few programs available. “There was a lack of qualified interpreters, so that’s what led to the inception of the program that


ty member and later returned in 2004. He has been chair for four years and has seen a change for the better in the community. “There’s been big changes in the community, particularly in relation to educational interpreting.





World Enigma is an annual event held by the International Student Organization and ISSS that features diverse artwork from students of different cultures from around the world. We are currently accepting all forms of visual art including but not limited to photography, sculpture, film, paintings, prints, literature, and 3D artwork.


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know that what we do has made an impact on people and does good. It’s nice to enjoy going to work every day,” Gorman Jamrozik said. Emilio Cordova, a senior American Sign Language-English

interpretation major and ASL Club president, said he got his associate degree in ASL English interpreting at Valencia College in Orlando, Florida, before deciding to transfer to Columbia in 2016 for his bachelor’s degree. Those unfamiliar with ASL should know the Deaf community aspect is its greatest strength, Cordova said. “It’s a language that is beautiful in its use, but [it] really isn’t anything without the Deaf community,” Cordova said. “Those who are interested in learning sign language should go out and meet deaf people, interact with the community, learn how to become an ally and a friend.” Gorman Jamrozik said Columbia’s department, allows sign language to be seen as an artistic form. “We’ve brought the idea that the arts and media are not just for people who can hear,” Gorman

Jamrozik said. “We’ve been able to show Columbia that anybody should be able to be involved whether they are just watching or creating.” Cat Abood, a junior American Sign Language-English interpretation major, said after pursuing her first degree at Ohio University in special education, coming to Columbia has been her best decision. This semester, she has enjoyed taking the “Music Interpreting” course particularly. “It’s been incredibly fun to see ASL used in a creative way, rather than just through communication,” Abood said. Cook said that with Chicago’s prominence in diversity, also comes a diverse Deaf community. “There’s multiple identities, so there’s intersectionality, and our students learn that and often work into those communities,” Cook said. “I don’t think other programs offer that. Part of that’s being at Columbia, part of that’s being in Chicago.”

ASL Department celebrates 25 years

There’s many deaf programs in schools that need quality interpreters, and [I think] we provided that around Chicagoland,” Cook said. Diana Gorman Jamrozik, associate chair of the ASL Department, said the program has been a wonderful addition to the college and she is enthused about its impact. “It just feels so fulfilling to

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Professor’s book delves into ‘Endless Caverns’ » OLIVIA DELOIAN CAMPUS REPORTER

to put the book together because he worked on researching and writing during the summer as opposed to working on the book year-round. “There’s been so much discussion in the last year with the election, and with this idea of ‘Trump country and the back woods. That’s not what I see going on there,” Reichert Powell said. “I see this continually renewing effort to make something crazy, magical and fascinating out of the bedrock of the place. There is more to the cultural resources of the mountain region than just opioid addiction and economic despair.” Chair of the English and Creative Writing Department Kenneth Daley

Professor Douglas Reichert Powell said he hopes his new book will bring a different light to the Southern Appalachian region.


Writing Department professor Douglas Reichert Powell is releasing his second book, “Endless Caverns: An Underground Journey into the Show Caves of Appalachia.” The book takes a look at the various caves converted into tourist attractions in the Southern Appalachian valley, which cuts through several states, including parts of Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia and Maryland. It is set for release April 23 and follows his 2007 work, “Critical Regionalism: Connecting Politics and Culture in the Political Landscape,” which seeks to place regionalism in a different light. Both of which were published by the University of North Carolina Press. ENGLISH AND CREATIVE

Reichert Powell said he usually writes about regional America and its effect on individuals, which led him to write about the Appalachian caverns. He also is from Johnson, Tennessee. “I got to thinking, what is the most place-specific form of culture that I can think of? I was making a list of things that I thought I might write about and trying to sort of focus them on the Appalachian region where I already had some expertise,” Reichert Powell said. The book focuses on about 36 tourist-related caverns, called show caves, in the Appalachian Valley, with the first originating in Virginia in 1807, he said. Reichert Powell said he was struck by the complexity of show caverns and the dearth of cultural scholarship about them prior to his own.

“The more I thought about it, the more I felt this involves all kinds of artistic work of lighting and identifying these shapes in the cave and it involves just an incredible amount of physical labor of building pathways and hand railings and trying to make things safe and accessible for average people to take a walking tour,” Reichert Powell said. “Plus as someone who thinks about region, then I realized I’ve got each one of these things is literally unique.” Mark Simpson-Vos, editorial director at UNC Press, was the editor for “Endless Caverns” and said the book took about six years to complete. “This is a terrific book. It’s one that I enjoy personally, but the thing I love about this the most is the way that [Reichert Powell] uses travel to places that we think we know something about, and then uses that travel and experience to surprise us with [what] we haven’t thought about,” Simpson-Vos said. Reichert Powell said it was challenging and time-consuming



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KWANG-WU KIM that too and help us talk to people who represent the broadest range of experience possible.” Duncan MacKenzie, chair of the Art and Art History Department, said he learned of Wearden’s decision in Kim’s email announcement. MacKenzie described Wearden as an incredibly valuable leader and said even though he is saddened by Wearden’s decision to step down from his position, the advanced notice will be beneficial to the college as it advances in its new provost search. “The way Stan has structured this gives us the opportunity to not have interim leadership [and] to continue under his guidance while

we find the person who is to replace him,” MacKenzie said. Onye Ozuzu, dean of the School of Fine and Performing Arts and a professor in the Dance Department, co-chaired the previous provost search committee with Kim that selected Wearden. Wearden’s progress implementing the Strategic Plan has set up the college for continuous success, she said. “He did what he came here to do, and what he was asked to do,” Ozuzu said. “This initial building and development phase has been accomplished. As someone who served a pivotal role on his search committee, I do feel as if we got the

right person for the job that needed to be done.” Ozuzu said she is grateful that Wearden will still hold the position until his successor is chosen. The college’s goals will inform the decision of who will fill the position, she added. “What I expect to happen is an inclusive, thoughtful and strategic analysis of what the college needs to do next in order to optimize our evolution [and] how we build on the foundation that’s been laid these past five years,” Ozuzu said. “There will be a process of articulating that vision in order to inform the position description.”

“The work he does [with] his research, he brings into the class and engages students in issues of place and landscape,” Daley said. The knowledge and experience he got from Columbia is what aided him in the final completion of the book, Reichert Powell said. “I wanted to make sure it’s clear that this is such a Columbia kind of project,” he said. “I don’t think I would have been able to do this same kind of project— at least with the same kind of support and enthusiasm behind me—if I would’ve been just about anywhere else.”

It’s important as we go into these searches that the search firms grab a hold and help us talk to people who represent the broadest range of experience possible.

Kim said he hopes that by the time of Wearden’s departure from his position in June 2019, the goals set forth in the Strategic Plan will either be completed or underway as the plan is set to be fully completed by 2020. Kim has already begun to think about the search for a new provost, he said, including who will be on the search committee; Although no decisions have been officially made. If the timeline goes as planned, the search should start at the end of the summer with the announcement of the search launch, initial candidate interviews in December or January and the announcement of the new provost in March 2019, according to Kim. “I’m looking for all kinds of diversity in the pool [of candidates],” Kim said. “I have said that as we advance as a college and take further steps on this diversity and equity conversation, it’s important as we go into these searches that the search firms grab a hold of



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Review: ‘You Were Never Really Here:’ a Tarkouskian-esque ‘Taxi Driver’ » » PHOTOS ERIN DICKSON/CHRONICLE

arts culture

The EPitome of vinyl success INTERNATIONAL RECORD STORE Day offers vinyl aficionados an opportunity to salute those unique, beloved brick-and-mortar establishments immortalized in the day dreams of hipsters and fogies alike. The April 21 celebration will feature exclusive deals and unique offerings at more than 17 participating Chicago record stores, according to Carrie Colliton who co-founded the holiday in 2008. Stores such as Dave’s Records, 2604 N. Clark St., have been participating since the beginning, said Dave Cain, the store’s owner, and will focus primarily on special releases. “Record Store Day is great because it’s up to every store how they want to participate,” Cain said. “Most people, if they’ve been coming here before, they’ve liked the way we run stuff so we’ve got a line every year out the door.” April has been a great month for Chicago vinyl lovers. On April 14, 81 participating vendors were slated to appear at the 16th Annual CHIRP Record Fair at Plumbers Hall, 1340 W. Washington Blvd. Jenna Chapman, the fair’s co-director, said the resurgence of vinyl spans several generations.

“When we’re at the fair, we see folks that have been digging in crates for decades,” Chapman said. “You get the guys lugging boxes out of the basement and you get the young folks who are looking for special edition color record releases.” Cain said he noticed a particular uptick in female customers. “Demographically, there are a lot more younger women buying music than 25 years ago,” Cain said. “Women have taken to buying physical music in a way, at least with records, [which] we haven’t seen in a long time.” According to the Recording Industry Association of America’s 2017 Shipment and Revenue Statistics Report, the industry continues to grow, particularly with music-streaming services. Streaming revenues were up 43 percent from 2016 to $5.7 billion and currently occupy 65 percent of all U.S. music industry revenue. While this may seem like a blow for older formats, vinyl revenues also went up 10 percent in that same period to $395 million with physical sales outpacing digital downloads, according to the statistics. “The idea that nobody buys physical media, whether that be CDs, vinyl, books, magazines is overblown,” Colliton said. “A lot of those people, young and old, are finding their way to indie record stores.”

Nino Lenzini, 20, a cinema and television arts alumnus, has been collecting vinyl since his grandfather passed away when he was 7, leaving behind a record collection. Lenzini said listening to music on a physical format is a far more engaging experience than shuffling through music on a streaming app. “You have to actively choose what you want to listen to,” Lenzini said. “Every 10 to 15 minutes, you have to make an active choice, and that’s more engaging for people.” While vinyl takes the top spot as a collector’s item, other physical formats have found surprising new homes among music creators, according to Chapman. “Cassettes are actually really popular among the DIY labels because it’s so easy

and cheap to record on cassettes or mass produce [them],” Chapman said. “It is so much easier to propagate [cassettes] than it would be to pay someone to cut vinyl or getting the rights to do full-on CD jewel cases.” For the average listener, physical media has a lasting effect and a versatility that keeps the brick-andmortar record stores in good health, Colliton said. “Music is relaxation, and listening to records or playing CDs is a way to unwind and is a part of [people’s] life,” Colliton said. “For a lot of people too, it’s a group social experience. Playing a record can be a good way to connect with other people.”


With sales of digital music increasing, stores such as Reckless Records, 20 E. Madison St., aim to provide new and old releases to customers in a physical format.


arts & culture


Netflix feuds with film festivals, awards



20. “I don’t want to see [the] streaming universe get rewarded with Oscars based on a symbolic one-week theater opening.” While some may not agree with Netflix releases, defiance for the sake of saving theaters and tradition makes them stagnant and unwilling to adapt to change. Netflix’s production of quality video is parallel with increasing digital interests and awards and festivals should reflect that. The decision should not be TV or cinema. Netflix should not be reprimanded for double dipping platforms when movies are frequently shown on TV. Netflix can produce eligible movies offered alongside TV shows just as TV stations show movies alongside programs. Even the Oscars and Emmys are shown on TV. Organizations plotting against streaming services only add to the entertainment industry’s long history of being on the wrong side of change, including the opposition of talkies in 1927, radio in the 1930s and TV in the 1950s. Emmy voters also ignored cable so much the CableACE Awards was established in 1978, and it took the Emmys a decade to come to terms with the new service. Sarandos echoed the reluctance after Theirry Frémaux announced Netflix was not eligible for the Cannes Film Festival. “It is not a coincidence that Thierry also banned selfies this year,” Sarandos said, referring to another new Cannes rule. “I don’t know what other advances in media Thierry would like to address.” I hope festivals and award shows will come to accept streaming service with the rest of the world.

hould Netflix films be eligible for film festivals and awards? This new debate is drawing attention to the blurred lines between production and award qualifications. While Netflix opponents are attempting to salvage what is left of movie theaters and the traditional moviegoer experience, they are failing to adapt to the evolving industry. Netflix Chief Content Officer Ted Sarandos confirmed to Variety April 11 that the streaming service would skip Cannes Film Festival following the announcement that Netflix won’t be allowed to compete. In addition to this feud, Neflix has also been at odds with the Academy Awards. The Academy of Motion Pictures Arts & Sciences announced a possible regulation in February that would force contenders to choose between the Oscars and Emmys by disqualifying eligibility for one award if a production is nominated for the other. According to a Feb. 28 Hollywood Reporter article, “double-dipping” awards has mostly affected documentaries. The Emmys require a limited theatrical run for productions before running on television to qualify for an award, making documentaries eligible for both Emmys and Oscars. Netflix had success with this method in the past two years with “13th” in 2016 and “What Happened, Miss Simone?” in 2015, which were recognized by the Oscars and Emmys. Netflix typically puts original films in theaters for a few days to qualify the films for awards or to meet its contractual demands with filmmakers. However, Netflix has also streamed its films online simultaneously with its theatrical runs, weakening ticket sales and undermining the moviegoing experience to the dismay of those wishing to support theaters, According to a March 2 Vulture article Netflix’s strategies, while spearheading the streaming service’s success, has also led Academy members to exclude its productions, including Deadline columnist and Academy member Peter Bart. “I want to keep theaters around. Also the moviegoing experience,” Bart wrote Feb.

arts & culture



arts & culture

Children can visit ‘Market Street’ for life lessons



combine classic R&B, gospel and contemporary hip-hop in its score. Dozier said the greatest challenge of writing the score with his father was establishing a definitive voice for each character while also finding a balance between the various genres of music. Dozier added that he was able to create CJ’s character by fusing musical elements from young Michael Jackson and Drake. “You don’t see a lot of contemporary hip-hop done the right way and translated authentically in the theater arena,” Dozier said. “Chicago Children’s Theatre is providing a platform for hip-hop and R&B to be expressed the right way, and that is a big deal.” Brian Keys, who is playing the Tat-man and an ensemble member in the production, said he was not always interested in traditional musicals but was intrigued by “The Last Stop on Market Street” because of its hip-hop elements. Keys said he grew up listening to

the genre with his sister and was excited to incorporate this brand of music into his repertoire. “It will reach a lot of kids that may be like me, that aren’t enticed by traditional musical theater,” Keys said. Keys’ character wears baggy clothing and is covered in tattoos, which gives the audience the idea that he is going to be trouble when he is introduced, he said. His character embodies the message not to judge a stranger based on appearances, he added. In addition to from the show’s message of breaking stereotypes, Keys noted it also highlights the relevance of elders. “We live in a time where the newer generation forgets about the past and our seniors are forgotten,” he said. “The show will highlight just how important grandparents are, great grandparents and the elders who have laid the foundation for what we are today.”

“It is about breaking the stereo- and his father, famed Motown types, the assumptions we make producer and songwriter Lamont about people and how incorrect Dozier, who has worked with perIN A SINGLE bus ride, children those assumptions can be,” Simon formers such as the Supremes and can learn both the importance said. “Through this visit with his Phil Collins and was inducted into of appreciating elders and never grandmother, he learns a lot about the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame judging a book by its cover. how different kinds of people live.” in 1990. The hip-hop musical “The Last Paris Ray Dozier said the chilAlong with changes to the stoStop on Market Street” will be per- ryline, the show features music dren’s book presented an opportuformed at the Chicago Children’s composed by Paris Ray Dozier nity to create a musical that could Theatre, 100 S. Racine Ave., April 24–May 27. It was adapted from the 2016 Newberry Medalwinning children’s book of the same name by Matt de la Pena. The story follows 7-year-old CJ and his grandmother on a citywide bus ride. Throughout the ride, CJ learns lessons about privilege, poverty and the folly of discrimination based on someone’s appearance. Andra Velis Simon, music director for the production and adjunct professor in the Theatre Department, said the musical is similar to the book, although a few details were changed to teach The hip-hop musical “The Last Stop on Market Street” will be performed at the important life lessons to children. Chicago Children’s Theatre, 100 S. Racine Ave., April 24–May 27. » KENDRAH VILLIESSE ONLINE CONTENT PRODUCER

arts & culture



CHICAGOANS WILL SOON have the opportunity to take a dive into the abstract works of women of color with “Out of Easy Reach.” This multi-venue exhibition opens April 26 and will display the abstract works of black and Latina artists from 1980 on. An exhibition that took three years to curate, “Out of Easy Reach” will consecutively occupy the DePaul Art Museum April 26, Gallery 400 at the University of Illinois at Chicago April 27 and the Rebuilt Foundation April 28, all exploring separate but linked topics. Allison Glenn, curator of “Out of Easy Reach” and associate curator of Contemporary Art at Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, said she had been researching abstraction, particularly in works of black artists, over the last 40 years and began to notice patterns.

“I noticed some of these exhibitions did not include a large range of women or female-identifying artists,” Glenn said. “A lot of the artists that were Latina or Latinx were grouped into these larger black abstraction exhibitions.” Glenn said she found a lack of representation of female-identifying artists and saw it as an

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opportunity to research abstraction through that particular lens. “For curators and art historians who are interested in work produced by marginalized groups, you often encounter that,” said Mia Lopez, assistant curator at the DePaul Art Museum. “There are exceptionally talented people who, for whatever reason, do not

Work by Juliana Huxtable (left), and Zipporah Camille Thompson (above) will be featured April 27 at Gallery 400 at the UIC, 400 S. Peoria St.

necessarily have access to the same opportunities.” “Out of Easy Reach” features work by 24 artists from Chicago, New York City, Los Angeles, New Orleans, Atlanta, Puerto Rico and Austin, Texas, using abstraction in

their own ways—an element Glenn wanted to highlight. “The terminology and the language used to describe abstraction is primarily focused on formal concerns: application of paint to a canvas, terms such as gestural and hard edge, which for me didn’t necessarily allow for an expanded view of how artists were employing abstraction,” Glenn said. Works at all three venues feature not just canvas art but work including the body, assemblage of objects and the abstraction of literature. At Gallery 400, specific topics include spatial politics, mapping and migration, a collection of themes that Lorelei Stewart, the gallery’s director and head curator, said were timely. “We’re seeing many issues being raised about the histories that have determined who is in what space but also the ways in which people are actively discussing those histories and thinking about things as lofty as human rights to space,” Stewart said.

Art exhibition highlights underrepresented voices

When making reservations, mention the Columbia College Friends and Family rate for special discounts and offers. To Reserve Call: 312.986.1234 Or Visit:


FEATURE story by miranda manier design by samantha conrad


erek Berry created a Facebook event page in February 2016 simply to pull together some ideas. He had only loosely discussed his latest idea—a pop-up diner and bar inspired by the hit TV show “Saved by the Bell”—with his business partners earlier that day. It was nowhere near fully realized. When he woke up the next morning, 25,000 Facebook users were interested in the event, and “The Today Show” announced his half-baked, vague idea as a reality. “At that point, I took a step back and [said], ‘OK, this is wild,’” Berry said. The sudden, viral interest in pop-up concepts like Berry’s is not an isolated incident, though it was one of the first. Emporium Logan Square, 2637 N. Milwaukee Ave., attracted national attention when it launched a pop-up bar inspired by the Netflix original series “Stranger Things” last fall, and FitzGerald’s Nightclub, a bar in Berwyn, Illinois, ticketed and quickly sold out its one-night “It’s a Wonderful Life”-themed pop-up on December 27, 2017, when about 12,000 people expressed interest in the Facebook event. Pop-up bars like these, often inspired by trends, characters or locations in pop culture, have been sprouting around the country for years with increasing popularity and media attention. A pop-up antecedent, the underground supper club, started appearing in Chicago around 2010, according to an October 2010 article by TimeOut Chicago. Hosted infrequently with surprise locations, these events were actually a way for young chefs to gain a foothold in the Chicago dining scene without the expense of establishing a restaurant. These clubs paved the way for today’s above-ground establishments: pop-up retail and bars. Seasonal pop-up bars proliferated around Christmas of 2015, on the heels of Miracle on Ninth Street in New York City, which began during the Christmas season of 2014, according to a Dec. 1, 2015, New York Times story. Miracle on Ninth Street has been so successful it expanded to 50 locations around the world by Christmas season 2017, a December 2017 article by Tipsy Diaries said. When Berry’s “Saved by the Bell” diner, Saved by the Max, opened in June 2016, 16 THE CHRONICLE APRIL 16, 2018

it sold out every table on every night of its original one-month run. Berry said he and his partners decided to extend the run another two months, but those tickets sold out just as quickly. Before they knew it, Berry said they were open a full year, with each night sold out. Modeled after The Max, a diner that was the go-to hangout in “Saved by the Bell,” Saved by the Max was an accurate replica, with bright neon signs and a funky ’90s aesthetic. The menu was also dotted with fun touches, with items like Mac & Screech and Lisa Turtle milkshakes. Mark Kwiatkowski, owner of Replay Lincoln Park, 2833 N. Sheffield Ave., was among the unlucky who didn’t score a ticket. When he saw the excitement generated by the pop-up, he managed to squeeze into an after-hours opportunity for drinks at the diner’s bar. He knew he had to pounce on the trend and “dressed up” Replay as Moe’s Tavern from “The Simpsons” for Halloween 2017. “[Young people] are looking for experiences and Instagram-able moments,” Kwiatkowski said. Replay’s “costume” included Duff beer on tap, illustrious Channel 6 news anchor Ken Brockman and a skulking cardboard cutout of Moe behind the bar, arms crossed. The upstairs event space at The Rookery, 209 S. LaSalle St., hosted a pop-up in February and March that paid homage to “The Shining.” It featured a full transformation into The Overlook Hotel in “The Shining,” with a lookalike rug, wallpaper and even light fixtures. The pop-up even had actors milling around the bar as characters from the movie. Rookery co-owner Chris Montgomery agreed that bars increasingly must come up with shticks or inventive cocktail programs to keep patrons intrigued. Marcus Reidy, a bartender at FitzGerald’s and a creative force behind its “It’s a Wonderful Life” pop-up, said pop-ups offer a fun, compelling experience while combining attractive concepts. “It’s an event that ties together pop culture, nostalgia [and] drinking culture,” Reidy said. “You feel part of a scene, which is fun, and you feel part of a trend.” It’s not just customers who are drawn to pop-ups, but bar owners too, who get to test concepts, Montgomery said. “In [your regular space], you have something you’re presenting on a regular basis,” he said. “A pop-up gives you [an] area of creativity. You have this canvas you can go do something with, and you know it’s going to be short.” The pop-up bar’s limited availability can attract and excite patrons as well, as



New nightlife trend e


evokes the familiar

the end of its run, however, which read, “Look, I don’t want you to think I’m a total wastoid, and I love how much you guys love the show. But unless I’m living in the Upside Down, I don’t think we did a deal with you for this pop-up.” Replay Lincoln Park also faced consequences for its “It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia” pop-up in March, though it was able to negotiate reasonable terms that included referring people to watch the show on FXX, or directing them to the channel’s website to purchase merchandise, the owner said. According to Margit Livingston, professor of law at DePaul University, while concepts and ideas are not subject to copyright, the expression of them is. So, while a pop-up might be able to get away with recreating the atmosphere of a neighborhood bar à la “Cheers,” any specific characters or details from the show could get them in trouble. Livingston added that under the fair use doctrine, copyrighted material being used for a new purpose or as satire or parody could allow a pop-up more creative license, but ultimately, she said, the bars would be best off communicating with the intellectual property holders upfront. “You should find out who the rights holder is, try to find out who the production company might have been, and get a license from them,” she said. The transient nature of pop-ups can also make them ideal for those who want to dip their toes into the bar business without fully committing to it. Reidy, along with two other FitzGerald’s bartenders, started a consulting events pop-up company called The Roosevelt Room, which helped produce FitzGerald’s “It’s a Wonderful Life” pop-up along with several other events. The Roosevelt Room allows them to experiment with concepts without taking the leap to open their own bar. “It’s less risk if you’re not incorporating your own space, or you have friends that have bars and you can open your concept in their bar without committing to your own space or purchasing your own liquor license,” Reidy said. “It’s easier for [The Roosevelt Room], financially and practically, to do these pop-ups...than it is to open a bar right now.” Impermanent, exciting and high in demand, pop-ups seem to be increasingly the way of the future, both in Chicago and all over the country. “People are looking for experiences,” Montgomery said. “They’re looking for things that are unique. The days where you could open a bar and sell a handful of drinks are gone.”


Montgomery learned when The Rookery advertised its pop-up for only four weeks despite planning to extend it. Montgomery said he eventually saw lines around the block slowly slim down over its extended eight-week run. Jill Kaye, programming events producer at Chicago Athletic Association Hotel, 12 S. Michigan Ave., has helped the hotel put on several pop-up bars that have explored Chicago history and culture, such as a February 2017 collaboration with The Field Museum. She finds the time constraint to be part of what makes pop-ups so exciting. “Concentrating the run times of these bars to something that is smaller scale lets people leave knowing that they got to be a part of something that’s special and unique and fleeting,” Kaye said. Why do venues limit the run of concepts that get so much heat and attention? Kwiatkowski explained it to his mother like this: Would you see the same movie over and over again? Saved by the Max moved to Los Angeles after its yearlong run in Chicago to test the waters in a different market and to keep the concept fresh for its audience, according to Berry. “I’m not sure how many times people are going to come back to a themed diner,” he explained. “Unless you’re planning to theme something that’s super general and can always be reinvented, a pop-up [is] the way to go.” Reidy agreed that themed concepts, particularly those that lean toward pop culture, are best suited as pop-ups rather than permanent fixtures. “[Keeping a themed pop-up open] would be like that restaurant that celebrates New Year’s Eve every day,” Reidy said. “Eventually, you would go insane. The fact that it’s fleeting is part of the charm of it, part of the desire for people to take part.” The longer a pop-up is open, the longer it also opens itself and its owners to the legal consequences of unauthorized use of a copyrighted work. That has been an obstacle for several pop-up bars in Chicago, including Saved by the Max, which quickly struck a mutually beneficial deal with NBC, intellectual property holder of “Saved by the Bell” to avoid legal action. Emporium’s “Stranger Things” pop-up was not so fortunate. Set pieces hung from the ceiling, creating a literal “Upside Down” effect, and Christmas lights and letters of the alphabet decorated the walls, alluding directly to sets from the show. This accuracy earned the pop-up a cheeky cease-and-desist letter from Netflix toward


arts & culture

Emilee Nichols sophmore fashion studies major

Christine Slavik junior design major







Mamoud Konneh freshman music major “Overly joyous”

NOW PLAYING Everyday sountrack

Songs that make up the soundtrack to our lives » MOLLY WALSH

Listen to all the tracks at





“Good Golly Miss Molly”

Little Richard

“So Far Away”

Carole King

“Friday I’m in Love”

The Cure

“Dancing on my Own”



Kings of Leon



“In the Journey”

Martin Sexton

“Do Yoga”

Rae Sremmurd

“Selfless, Cold, and Composed”

Ben Folds Five


Cage the Elephant

“When Your Mind’s Made Up” “Golden Days” “Blister In the Sun”

Glen Hansard Whitney Violent Femmes


The Drums

“Making Breakfast”

Twin Peaks



“Dumb Bird”

Justin Bieber




“Love Yourself”

Daggy Man

“Field Trip”


“1937 State Park”

Car Seat Headrest

“The Sign”

Nujabes feat. Pase Rock

“Teenage Dirtbag”



Drive–by Truckers

“Later Than You Think”


“Everyone’s Dead”

The Homophones

“Last Of My Kind” “Adam’s Song”


Jason Isbell blink-182

“I Dance Alone” “Stress”

Toe Jim’s Big Ego

“Can’t Hardly Wait”

“Landslide” “Road to Nowhere”

The Replacements

Fleetwood Mac Talking Heads

arts & culture



arts & culture

our staff’s top 5 picks:

Column: Growing up with ‘Lizzie McGuire’ » SAVANNAH EADENS METRO REPORTER


recent tweet capturing a moment of show “Lizzie McGuire” reminded me why I loved it. During an episode in which Lizzie’s parents try to fix the plumbing, her younger brother Matt announces he wants to try out for cheerleading. When their dad responds, “Isn’t cheerleading kind of girly?” Lizzie’s mom shoots down his ignorant comment while fixing the sink. The caption for the tweet said: “’Lizzie McGuire invented feminism and destroyed gender stereotypes in a single episode. Wow.” Besides the show’s progressive quips, Lizzie McGuire was one of the realest people on TV during my childhood. Unlike other shows at the time, this show wasn’t about secret lives—it was about the average life of a pre-teen and her struggles and triumphs. Lizzie’s dynamic with her annoying brother was painfully realistic. Surprisingly, the show addressed issues like depression and eating disorders, as when Lizzie’s best friend Miranda decides to stop eating, and Lizzie and her pal Gordo confront her because they are worried about her health. But the serious episodes included hilarious and relatable content, such as Lizzie’s embarrassment at telling her mom she wanted a bra. I also connected with Lizzie’s animated alter ego, which helped both of us get through middle school. Fortunately, today’s tweens have their own show to grow up with, “Andi Mack,” a Disney show that Lizzie creator Terri Minsky introduced in 2017 and which is still going strong.








Teach English abroad:

Mary Barelme Park:

In a sandwich:

If you didn’t get the opportunity to study abroad in college but still want to experience the world and different cultures while getting paid, consider becoming a certified English teacher. The demand is incredibly high for English teachers all over the world.

This park features several zones, with its most important being the sunken dog park. Doggos can play on various ramps, ledges and steps. There is also an exercise area carpeted with canine grass. Dogs can rehydrate from a continuously filling, oversized dog bowl.

Nothing tastes better than the classic peanut butter and jelly sandwich, the staple of my school lunches from kindergarten all the way through college. This simple-to-prepare dish is a true delicacy.


Grant Bark Park:

Though this is often a challenging option, if you know how to market yourself and your work, freelancing can be an incredible opportunity for those who are not quite prepared to settle into a 9–5 job.

Grant Bark Park is an off-leash dog park. It is fully fenced and double gated, so owners know their dogs are safe to run around. Drinking water is provided for thirsty dogs as well as a bag dispenser to help keep the park clean. This park is great for larger dogs, but there is no designated area for smaller breeds.

Obtain a fellowship: Fellowships are different from internships because they are often well-paid research positions that can lead to permanent employment. Challenge yourself and apply to fellowships with companies or nonprofits that reward an excellent academic record. Take a gap year: If you’re exhausted from school, not ready for the corporate world or just want to build your skills in another field, consider taking a gap-year in a program like the Peace Corps, AmeriCorps or City Year. Not only do these programs provide important life lessons, but they also strengthen your resumé and provide good interview topics. Be a park ranger: This one may not be for people who don’t like the outdoors, but if you’re OK with living out of a backpack for a season, apply to some of the National Parks. If you don’t want to work at Yellowstone, international wildlife preserves are often looking for native English-speaking tour guides.

Portage Park: This park features a few fun activities for dogs. During the summer, kiddie pools are provided for the doggos to play and cool down in, and in October, there is its Halloween Doggie Costume Contest. The Portage Park dog-friendly area is maintained with volunteers from the community. Hamlin Park: Hamlin Park’s dog-friendly area is an L-shaped area that wraps around a tennis court. Stray tennis balls from tennis players’ games give the doggos something fun to chase. Montrose Dog Beach: Chicago’s first legal off-leash dog beach offers free bag dispensers and a dog wash area. The area is more than three acres, so there is plenty of room for dogs to run around and swim. The dog beach is maintained by volunteers.

On toast: Peanut butter on toast is the perfect alternative to coffee in the morning. Like coffee, peanut butter has the ingredients required to give you a much needed energy boost. This classic is a great way to shake up your morning meal when cereal and eggs are no longer cutting it. On a banana: Hungry between meals? Peanut butter and bananas is the gift that keeps on giving. The peanut butter elegantly complements the banana and is a great snack for any time of the day. This low-maintenance, but delicious treat can be devoured in seconds. With chocolate: Some of the best candies on the market are a combination of peanut butter and chocolate. The salty creaminess of peanut butter is the perfect foil to a layer of sweet milk chocolate in terms of flavor and texture. It is a delicious dessert option or snack. With a spoon: If you ever find yourself without a banana or piece of bread handy, peanut butter by itself is a delectable treat. Whether you like your peanut butter crunchy or smooth, a spoonful of it tastes great on its own and can be a healthier alternative when your cabinets are stocked full of junk food.

arts & culture














The band name is a mouthful, but this album is phenomenal. I originally found the band from its RKS album, but Rainbow Kitten Surprise is the best out of its three albums. Every song feels vulnerable and honest in both the lyrics and production style. The band may be my favorite at the moment. I definitely won’t be missing its set at Lollapalooza in Chicago this year, and I am excited to listen to its next releases.

Panic! at The Disco released a behindthe-scenes video for the song “Say Amen (Saturday Night),” April 10. The original video was released in anticipation of the new album Pray for the Wicked, set to be released June 22. I’m glad for a behindthe-scenes video because it featured a lot of stunts and seeing the amount of work that went into amazing choreography, elaborate set pieces and fake blood for this was ... wicked.

“The Simpsons” responded to comedian Hari Kondabolu’s documentary, “The Problem With Apu,” which investigates the effects of Apu’s character has had on South Asians in its April 8 episode. The show’s response was rightfully received by viewers as dismissive and disappointing. Marge revises a book ridden with offensive stereotypes and cleans it up, to which Lisa responds with, “There’s no point to the book.”

Watching “The Office” for the first time is like discovering something that everyone told you was just an optical illusion is actually magic. Rewatching “The Office,” which wrapped up its last season in 2013 after almost a decade of seasons, is like discovering that every time you use the magic, you gain more power, and every time you watch an episode again, you find new things to love. If that isn’t magical, then I don’t know what is.













The Colombian-American singer Kali Uchis dropped her debut album Isolation April 6. Cardi B’s album was released on the same day, and I was a bit worried she wouldn’t get the recognition because Kali is more underground. However, she has been getting positive feedback, and her fans are going crazy over it. One of her fans already got a tattoo of the album’s name, just three days after its release. Needless to say, the album was amazing, and she has blessed us.

“Survivor” is a show that lives and dies by its editing. In Episode 8, well, it died. The central conflict between annoying power players Chris and Domenick was over-hyped and boring with more dramatic music than actual content, while the subtle dynamics that fans actually care about were glossed over. The only redeeming quality was underdog and icon Kellyn winning immunity. And seriously, another black merge buff? There are other colors, Jeff.

What do you get when John Krasinski walks onto a film set? An inevitable storm of Jim Halpert jokes. Krasinski’s new film, “A Quiet Place,” is the ideal playground for fans of “The Office.” When Pam traps Jim in silence after a jinx, or hides from an ex-girlfriend while dressed in a warehouse uniform, resurfaced in hilarious parallels from Twitter users. My favorite: the episode in which the Dunder Mifflin staff works toward achieving their longest silent streak.

I don’t know how to express my sorrow at not being able to go see K-Pop girl group Red Velvet at Rosemont Theater, April 29. The problem isn’t that it’s on a weeknight and I have work the next day, but that I have no one to go with and the ticket prices, aside from Stubhub, are too expensive. I have found two big reasons why liking K-Pop these days is tragic: No one wants to talk about it and you have to pay big bucks since the groups do not often travel stateside. RIP. APRIL 16, 2018 THE CHRONICLE 21


Police-involved shootings are gun violence, too


ow many people must be shot until something is done? This question has been asked repeatedly after the nation witnessed dozens of mass shootings, but now we must ask that question of police-involved shootings that continue to take lives. On April 6, a University of Chicago police officer shot and wounded Charles Thomas, a student at the university who ran toward officers while carrying a metal pipe. It appeared Thomas was suffering from a mental health episode when police approached him. Thomas was charged with aggravated assault of a police officer and criminal damage to property, and his bond has been set at $15,000. The U of C incident is one in a series of recent shootings that have gained media attention. Stephon Clark was killed March 18 after being shot by

Sacramento, California, police eight times in his grandmother’s backyard. Officers reported they thought Clark had a weapon, but he was unarmed and only had a cellphone in his possession. Outrage over Clark’s shooting continued after the medical examiner overseeing the autopsy announced at a March 30 press conference that he had been shot mostly in his back, contradicting the Sacramento Police Department’s claim that Clark was coming toward the officers who shot him. Saheed Vassell was fatally shot April 4 by police officers in Brooklyn, New York. It was widely known in the neighborhood that Vassell had a mental illness, and many residents knew he was not a danger to others. But when some neighbors saw Vassell walking in the area with what they thought was a gun—which was

Value teachers, unions to better education


eachers are rising up, and they need all the support they can get. A wave of protests for better public school funding ignited in multiple states. In Oklahoma, teachers staged a walkout beginning April 2, demanding pay raises for themselves and support staff, funding for elective courses, and enough money to replace old, battered textbooks. Oklahoma teachers’ salaries have remained stagnant since their last raise in 2008, according to the National Education Association. Because of insufficient budgets, 20 percent of the state’s school districts were forced to cut the school week to four days. After years of being undervalued, teachers have swarmed the state Capitol and have pressured their lawmakers to better fund education.

Oklahoma lawmakers passed a bill March 31 providing $50 million in public school funding, but the increase was nowhere near matching teachers’ demands for $200 million. Teachers already have pressured state politicians into considering other means of funding public schools including two new tax measures. On the same day Oklahoma teachers walked out of classrooms, teachers in Kentucky staged a massive rally near the state Capitol to protest education budget cuts and pension changes. Teachers in Arizona, who are among the lowest paid in the nation, also threatened to strike and asked for a 20 percent pay increase. After teachers have protested for a month, Arizona Gov. Doug Ducey introduced a proposal April 12 to meet teachers’ demands for the pay increase.

actually a showerhead—officers arrived on the scene and shot him 10 times. These instances are symptoms of an epidemic just as serious as the mass shootings March For Our Lives protesters demonstrated against, but police-involved shootings have largely been absent from public discussions of gun violence in recent months. The three police shootings happened in such quick succession that it is hard to ignore the obvious pattern of police brutality and willingness to use a deadly weapon. Until the survivors of the Parkland, Florida, shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School rallied the public to take action, many were concerned such devastation had become the new normal. Although mass shootings have finally started to be addressed with the attention needed, halting the normalization of police-involved shootings is just as important. The Douglas students have acknowledged their debt to the Black Lives Matter movement, which was sprung from

EDITORIAL racially motivated police-involved shootings and rallied thousands. However, officers like Darren Wilson, who shot and killed Mike Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, August 2014, still go free. These three shootings are further evidence that the public must mobilize against such unjust violence that continues to take people’s lives. Communities have done their work with demonstrations, but they need substantial support throughout the country to receive the justice they deserve. This is the time to truly work as allies for the marginalized people most victimized by police-involved shootings. This means supporting people of color who are the targets of racially motivated violence at the hands of the police, de-stigmatizing people with mental illness who are seen as threats simply because of their condition and uplifting voices to help victims of police-involved shootings and their families to be heard loud and clear. Instead of asking when such violence will stop, we must work for it to stop.

These movements were largely inspired by a nine-day statewide teacher walkout in West Virginia that began Feb. 22, resulting in their winning the 5 percent pay increase they wanted. Teachers in other states saw what could be gained by protesting a system that hurt them and were emboldened to fight for student necessities and fair wages and benefits. It is not a coincidence these movements took place in Republican-led states in which tax cuts take precedence over funding education. An example is Kentucky House Bill 366, which would cut taxes of the state’s wealthiest residents while increasing taxes of lowwage earners, according to the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy. These states have also enacted antilabor legislation such as right-to-work laws, which prohibit employers from making union membership a condition of employment. Under these laws, workers are able to enjoy the benefits of a union contract without having to pay union dues. Right-to-work laws greatly affect unions’ bargaining powers, making it harder to

EDITORIAL negotiate for better working conditions. Unions are instrumental in improving public education. The Oklahoma Teachers Association, the state’s largest teachers’ union, has spoken for the thousands of educators throughout the walkout. Not surprisingly, lawmakers who serve corporate interests want to reduce unions’ power and membership. Young workers do not have to be told how important unions are. In 2017, union membership grew by more than 260,000, according to the Economic Policy Institute, and more than 75 percent of new union members were under 35 years old. Even as politicians throughout the country try to weaken unions, workers are still drawn to the needed leverage they provide. As teachers continue to mobilize across the country, it is even more necessary to support the unions that are fighting alongside educators to improve the state of public schools. When education is devalued, representation can show how rich of a resource it is.

Editorial Board Members Ariana Portalatin Managing Editor Tyra Bosnic Opinions Editor Molly Walsh Campus Reporter Blaise Mesa Metro Reporter Jay Berghuis Copy Editor Mayan Darbyshire Arts & Culture Reporter


Zack Jackson Graphic Designer Hawk Thottupuram Multimedia Reporter Erin Dickson Staff Photographer Zachary Keltner Staff Photographer Kami Rieck Media Sales Rep Kendrah Villiesse Online Content Producer

Eric Eldridge Webmaster

Did you catch a mistake, think we could have covered a story better or have strong beliefs about an issue that faces all of us here at Columbia? Why not write a letter to the editor? At the bottom of Page 2, you’ll find a set of guidelines on how to do this. Let us hear from you. —The Columbia Chronicle Editorial Board


Female athletes need their time in the spotlight » BLAISE MESA METRO REPORTER


emale athletes are included in halls of fame and are instrumental to sports history, yet their athletic ability is sometimes questioned and their talents are often hidden. In an April 5 practice session, Cleveland Cavaliers power forward Lebron James was asked about having a female head coach in the NBA. The question was in regard to rumors that Becky Hammon—assistant coach for the San Antonio Spurs, who helped the Spurs’ summer league win the 2015 championship and has brought the Spurs to the playoffs every year of her tenure—was considered for a head coaching job for Colorado State University’s D1 men’s basketball team, according to a March 7 Sports Illustrated article. The question may seem harmless, but the fact that it even had to be asked shows how little representation there is for women in sports. Female basketball players have been inducted into the Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame, and leagues such as the WNBA and NCAA are full of women capable of coaching and leading professional teams through the trials and tribulations of a professional season.


But it is easy to miss these achievements because women’s sports are often underrepresented by major media outlets. ESPN relegates most of its women’s sports to a secondary channel—ESPNW— highlighting men’s sports on its main channel. In addition, when ESPNW reporters cover women’s sports, their work is largely posted on a separate ESPNW Facebook page, which has about 17.6 million fewer followers than the regular ESPN Facebook page. Women’s sports being overshadowed is not something new. The only verified NCAA March Madness page on Facebook posted highlights and updates exclusively about the 2018 men’s tournament, even though the women’s tournament featured back-to-back buzzer-beating shots in one semi-final game and the championship. Women’s professional sports take a back seat to Little Leaguers as well. The Little League World Series—a worldwide tournament of youth baseball players— was given 24 spots on ESPN or ESPN 2, according to the Little League World Series’ website. The WNBA only got 17 time slots on the same channels during the entire 2017 WNBA season. Local media outlets such as NBC Sports Chicago, 670 The Score, the Chicago Tribune and the Chicago Sun-Times, which regularly cover men’s sports, do not even have a tab on their websites for the WNBA or the Chicago Sky, the city’s professional women’s basketball team. Yet all but 670 The Score have tabs for high school sports. If these outlets prioritize Little Leaguers and high schoolers over professional athletes, women’s place in sports will continue to be questioned. If more women were given coaching jobs and more media outlets covered their sports, female athletes would be valued as they deserve to be. It may be easy to scoff at the idea of the Chicago Sky on ESPN, but everyone seems OK with middle schoolers on during the Little League World Series instead of the WNBA playoff chase. The next time you find yourself watching 11-year-olds play, ask yourself if you would rather watch professional athletes instead.

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Trump adds more immigrant groups to list of potential deportees » Page 28

CPD Superintendent Eddie Johnson discusses gun violence reductions at an April 10 Chicago City Club meeting, 111 W. Grand Avenue.

Superintendent Johnson: CPD will continue technology programs, training reforms » BLAISE MESA

METRO REPORTER FOLLOWING A HISTORIC period of violence, the Chicago Police Department has been rolling out reforms, new equipment and training initiatives for the last two years to

better prepare officers to handle situations that arise in the field. Chicago made national headlines in 2016 after a record 764 homicides were reported. Those numbers have been dropping, and at an April 10 City Club of Chicago speech, CPD

Mayor Emanuel applauded the CPD for reducing gun violence in Chicago for 13 consecutive months.

Superintendent Eddie Johnson attributed it to the department’s investment in technology and training. “[With] proactive policing [and] professional training, we are seeing 13 consecutive months [of] drops of shootings and homicides,” Mayor Rahm Emanuel said while introducing Johnson at Maggiano’s Banquets, 111 W. Grand Ave. Johnson laid out strategies at the City Club speech to further decrease violence, including continuing technological and inter-departmental reforms. Some new programs are built on past ones, such as training officers to better use body cameras, expanding de-escalation training and differentiating between mental health and crime calls, Emanuel said. CPD officers have not received this training in the past, he added. Officer training will now be one-on-one along with 40 hours of annual use-of-force training by 2021, Johnson said. Previously, instructors trained two or three trainees at a time, which Johnson called unacceptable. Johnson outlined other strategies such as working with private security firms to strengthen community policing and having department leadership review every single use-of-force incident.

“We need to make a department agency every Chicagoan can be proud of,” Johnson said. “CPD is only as strong as the faith and trust in the community.” CPD will also introduce programs to detect and address problematic behavior in officers by the end of the year, he said. “This early detection and intervention will not only protect the emotional and physical health of our officers, but it will protect the community to ensure officers are acting professional on the street,” Johnson said. Along with building on current programs, Johnson also spoke about strengthening current technology. In early 2017, CPD began installing district-wide gunshot detection systems and increasing the number of pod cameras in Englewood and Harrison, the city’s most violent districts, according to Johnson. CPD has since implemented more technological advances such as strategic decision support centers, which allow officers to have real-time information sent to them while on patrol, according to Johnson. These centers allow for more efficient policing and are now in half of CPD’s 22 districts, he said. Emanuel applauded Johnson and the progress made by CPD, saying, “If it’s predictable, it’s preventable.” Johnson said these technologies are proven effective. In Englewood, gun violence is at an all-time low since CPD began tracking the statistic in the 1960s, according to annual reports on the CPD’s website, Grant Crossing reported 53 percent decrease in gun violence since 2015, he added. The 12 districts with the technology reported a 30 percent average reduction in gun violence compared to 2017 and a 32 percent reduction compared to 2016, Johnson said. Johnson commented on how technology has improved since his time in the field, noting CPD district commanders are even using the technology to determine where to deploy officers. “It wouldn’t be constructive to not leverage technologies that are available to further enhance the tools the police force have in the field to reduce crimes,” said George Unzueta, 38, from Old Irving Park and a client partner for Verizon Wireless. Johnson assured the audience that even though CPD has several of projects in the works, it is capable of implementing these changes. “We made a great deal of progress in the last two years,” Johnson said. “Chicago is now a safer place, CPD is better [and] more transparent, but our work is far from over. We will continue to reform the department and hold criminals accountable for their actions.”





» SAVANNAH EADENS METRO REPORTER WITH THE FATE of Dreamers still in question, the temporary-status immigration programs for Liberians, El Salvadorans, Haitians, Hondurans and Sudanese have been canceled— potentially uprooting more than 300,000 people nationwide. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security announced an end to the Deferred Enforcement Departure for Liberia March 27, giving beneficiaries of the program a 12-month grace period before the program officially ends, according to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. The decision could affect 3,600 Liberians, who were granted Temporary Protected Status during the Liberian civil war more than 20 years ago.

The Trump administration is attempting to fulfill its more restrictive immigration policy promises made during the campaign, said Alexandra Filindra, a professor of political science at the University of Illinois at Chicago and expert in immigration policy. While some campaign promises, such as the U.S.-Mexican border wall, require funding from Congress, cancelling programs are within the White House’s authority, she added. “[Trump] is changing these programs that are meant to protect populations that escaped civil wars or natural disasters,” she said. “Their return [to their home countries] would be a huge problem. Especially for Liberia because these people have lived in the United States for decades.” Jennifer Brumskine, a chairman for the immigration committee


at the National A ssociation for Liberians in the Americas, called the decision “inhumane.” The DED beneficiaries contribute to American communities, education and government, she said. Brumskine said she is worried the motivation for the administration’s policies might be “deeply rooted in » ZACK JACKSON/CHRONICLE » INFO COURTESY U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES white supremacy.” “Many of these people came Yanira Arias is a TPS holder A work permit allowed Arias to from Liberia with nothing, and from El Salvador who works as pay bills and support her family in they have nothing to go back to,” a campaign manager for Alianza El Salvador. Despite TPS recipishe said. “They left their homes Americas, a network of Latino ents paying taxes in the U.S., with nothing on their back and ran and Caribbean immigration they are not allowed to file tax for their life.” organizations. returns or receive benefits from El Salvador is the largest group After leaving El Salvador in the local and state programs of TPS holders with about 260,000 2001 after two deadly earthquakes they fund, Arias said. people who have until Sept. 9, 2019, and a civil war, Arias received TPS Because Arias is not married to change their immigration sta- status in 2001 but was unaware and has no U.S.-citizen chiltus, leave the U.S. or face deporta- that it does not allow her to become dren, she has few options to tion, according to U.S. Citizenship a citizen or permanent resident, keep her in the country after and Immigration Services. she said. the program expires.


Immigration policy shift affects more than DACA



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Go to: to join. 28 THE CHRONICLE APRIL 16, 2018

Career Center

metro “They were thinking about ways to navigate different domains of hardship,” Hernandez said. “They were making calculations. They’re trying to survive. There were students who would skip meals.” Some students said they have even resorted to dumpster diving and sharing scraps with friends to save money. This practice has become common among Taylor Jensen’s community. An elementary and middle school education junior at Northland College in Ashland, Wisconsin, Jensen said she has never dumpster dived herself but was unknowingly served pizza from a dumpster by a friend. Jensen attended Columbia during the 2014–2015 academic year and would often share a bucket of onion rings from Devil Dawgs with her roommate and count it as a meal, she said. Although the number of students reporting food and housing insecurities was surprising to the researchers, Jensen said she thought it would be higher. A friend

of hers was homeless in summer 2017 because she could not afford the area’s housing prices and resorted to sleeping in a hammock in a ravine near campus. This is the research lab’s third report on food and housing

insecurities among college students, Hernandez said. The surveys are gaining more institutions’ attention, which has led colleges and universities alike to create food bank programs at their respective campuses.


“We’ve seen some institutions like the University of California conduct their own survey in their own college campuses,” Hernandez said. “Now that the word is out, administrators want to know what’s going on in [their]


orbit, [and] what’s going on with [their] students.” Columbia has also taken notice of students’ hunger struggles and created its own food bank, which is available to all enrolled students on a walk-in basis at the 623 S. Wabash Ave. Building. Columbia Care Packages, which was launched two years ago, is funded in various ways, including fundraising events and donations. Most of the students who use the program are referred by faculty or other students, according to Associate Dean of Student Life Kari Sommers. While some students in need may not know of the program, others could be too embarrassed to use a food bank, Sommers said. “We have to do everything in our power to make sure our students succeed,” Sommers said. “There’s complex issues and challenges a student might have, and sometimes they’re basic challenges. None of us know what’s going on in someone’s private life. Whatever support we can offer, that’s what we want to do.”





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metro FOOD, FROM PAGE 29

Each Wisconsin HOPE Lab survey has raised awareness about the issues of food and housing insecurities among college students, Hernandez said. But

go to school now. Many students that we talked to are working multiple jobs.” Another method to address this issue is with what is called a “single-stop model,” in which institutions provide incoming

those students can be thriving,” Hernandez said. While it is the humane approach, Hernandez said it is in higher education institutions’ best interest to address food and housing insecurities among their

Many people share the idea that you can go to college, it’s affordable. Work during the summers, eat ramen, sleep on the couch; those stereotypes just don’t ring true with the experiences that we’re hearing. ANTHONY HERNANDEZ there are still prejudices to overcome, such as myths surrounding college students’ work ethic and financial needs, he added. “Many people share the idea that you can go to college, it’s affordable. Work during the summers, eat ramen, sleep on the couch; those stereotypes just don’t ring true with the experiences that we’re hearing,” Hernandez said. “You can’t just work over the summer to afford to

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students with a holistic assessment to determine their needs and connect them with social service organizations, according to Hernandez. This approach allows college students to harness all available resources, preventing a crisis, Hernandez said. “As an administrator, you would want to know those problems exist, and you would want to try and fashion solutions so

students because it will benefit their graduation rates. “[Addressing these problems] is about college completion. Who’s against that?” Hernandez said. “Administrators should embrace that. When you help students by taking care of their needs, you’re going to drive the results that you want [to see in the end]. And as a society, then we can have an educated citizenry.”

El Salvador is the country with the highest rate of violence in the Western hemisphere, Arias said, adding that the TPS community does not think one year is enough time to consider their options before possible deportation. “There is a lot of uncertainty and fear [in the community],” Arias said. “People don’t want to leave because, if they have U.S. citizen children, they know it is their right to be here in this country, and that education and opportunities are here for them. [They don’t want to] take these children to countries they’ve never been to, where the education is not good and know that [they] will not even be able to walk freely in the streets.” There are approximately 58,600 Haitians with protected status who will lose their benefits on July 22, 2019, and status for 5,300 Nicaraguan beneficiaries is set to terminate on Jan. 5, 2019. Just more than 1,000 Sudanese TPS holders will no longer be

eligible as of Nov. 2, 2018. “These programs are meant to be temporary,” Filindra said. “Therefore, if the government judges the conditions of these countries of origin have changed, then it is justified in saying it’s OK [for them] to go back.” However, those who have been away from their native country for years will find it difficult to re-integrate, Filindra said. In some of these countries, such as Liberia, Sudan and El Salvador, the conflict and danger is ongoing. Removing TPS and DED from communities will have a lasting economic effect, Arias said. “When you tear down a tree from the roots, the entire ecosystem is connected to that tree. If you’re tearing 250,000 trees [out of the country], that is a serious impact,” she said. Arias added that because Congress is not taking action to defend these programs, it is the responsibility of the communities to get informed, seek legal counsel, call legislators and make the issue visible.


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