Check out our expanded comic section “Free Ice Cream.” See pg. 43 Commentary: Modern menswear forecasts a feminine future See pg. 33
Bi-weekly SGA update premieres
Online exclusive video
MONDAY, JANUARY 28, 2013
VOLUME 48, ISSUE 16
Making cents of textbook sales 77.4¢
Textbook Wholesale Cost
College Store Personnel
Includes paper, printing, administrative costs, marketing, publisher and author income.
Includes employee salaries and book ordering, pricing and shelving.
College Store Operations
College Store Income
Includes insurance, utilities, rent and maintenance.
Includes the bookstore’s profit after personnel and operation costs.
Includes the cost of shipping books from the publisher to the bookstore.
Photo Illustration James Foster and Heidi Unkefer THE CHRONICLE
by Alexandra Kukulka Campus Editor
TEXTBOOKS ARE A necessary expense for college students, but that doesn’t make their often astronomical price tags any more bearable. Adding to the financial woe is the
often frustrating experience of selling books, usually for much less than what students originally paid. But not many students know where that missing money ends up. When selling books back to the bookstore at the end of the semester, the most a student can be
refunded on one book is 50 percent of its purchased price if it is returned on time and in good condition, said Columbia’s Bookstore Manager Ann Marie Pausha. According to 2011 National Association of College Stores data, 77.4 percent of every dollar paid
for textbooks goes back to the publisher, a nearly 20 percent increase from 2005, when the publisher received 64.7 percent per dollar per textbook. The textbook publisher, guided by instructor book forms, which state whether the instructor will
keep the same book or change editions, dictates how much money students can get back for textbooks. According to the 2011 data, 10.7 percent of every dollar goes toward bookstore personnel salaries, xx SEE TEXTBOOKS, PG. 10
Businesses taken to ‘El-evated’ heights by Will Hager
Assistant Metro Editor WITH MORE THAN half a mil-
Carolina Sanchez THE CHRONICLE
The Chicago Kernel, located at the Chicago Red Line terminal, 800 N. State St., is one of several locally-owned businesses to set up shop in Chicago Transit Authority storefronts.
Columbia’s $5 meal deal • PAGE 4
SPORTS & HEALTH
Super Bowl XLVII predictions • page 17
lion rail-riders daily, the Chicago Transit Authority is seeking to attract businesses to set up shop in its station storefronts to entice commuting customers. As a part of an $86 million initiative to rehabilitate six Red Line stations, the CTA began marketing renovated retail spaces at the Argyle, Granville and Morse stops on Jan. 16. The three renovated stops account for 10 of the 20 available storefront spaces across all lines except the Yellow Line, according to CTARealEstate.com. Jones Lang LaSalle, the CTA’s real estate management company, is accepting applications through Feb. 15 from businesses seeking to fill vacancies. Lambrini Lukidis, a CTA media
ARTS & CULTURE
Celebrity impersonators revealed • page 22
spokeswoman, said the transit authority is looking to diversify its storefronts in an effort to appeal to a wide variety of patrons. “We do take into consideration the kind of business and the types of things they offer our customers because we do want to be able to offer a variety of things,” Lukidis said. “We have a very diverse customer base, so we like to try to offer new and fresh items for our customers.” Lukidis said the CTA partnered with Jones Lang LaSalle in 2008 in hopes of filling all available storefronts and creating a thriving market for CTA customers. She said the CTA is excited about expanding the number of services customers can access during their commute. Of the CTA’s 79 occupied storefronts, 44 of them are locally-owned businesses, according to Lukidis. “Overall, we are really happy
Cigarette smugglers skirt taxes • page 35
with the level of interest and growth that we’ve seen in the retail spaces,” Lukidis said. “We obviously welcome chains as well because they serve a large group of our customers, but it’s nice to see that we are spurring economic growth with locally-owned businesses.” Butterfield Kitchen, an organic and gourmet foods cafe, is one of the most recent businesses to acquire CTA retail space. The Wilmette, Ill.-based company is opening two locations: one at the Roosevelt station at 1167 State St., serving Orange, Green and Red lines, and the other at the Jefferson Park Blue Line station, 4963 N. Milwaukee Ave. Each Butterfield Kitchen storefront has a full kitchen and uses electric cooking equipment in compliance with CTA xx SEE STORES, PG. 39
Campus .......................................................3 Sports & Health ..........................................13 Arts & Culture ..............................................19 Commentary ..............................................32 Metro ........................................................35
The Columbia Chronicle
2 • January 28, 2013
Jan. 28 Street Defense
Noon / Fitness Studio / 731 S. Plymouth Court / FREE
No fear new year ONLY 28 DAYS into 2013, some
New Year’s resolutions of getting in shape and drinking less alcohol are already a thing of the past. But at the start of a new semester, the time might be right for the Columbia community to do away with the atmosphere of secrecy and distrust that lingers from the 2011–2012 school year. So, Columbia, this is a call to stop living in fear. For more than a year, Columbia faculty, staff and administrators have been more than apprehensive to discuss even the simplest matters. For instance, not even the number of candidates being considered in the presidential search can be revealed to the community. The prioritization process created an atmosphere of distrust. In a March 14, 2012 email, President Warrick L. Carter demanded silence from the college’s faculty and staff on anything related to the process, which intensified that distrust across the entire campus. Though the email stated the message was to prevent “unwarranted anxiety or apprehension,”
Carter’s later comments on the matter pointed fingers at those within the community who did the college a “disservice” by providing outsiders details on the process. This followed the publication of several articles, including some in the Chicago Tribune. “What’s happened here, unfortunately, is people have decided to deliver their own messages based upon how they think things are and how they misinterpret the definition of ‘recommend’ and begin to say that things are being done,” Carter said. Following this email, many took pause in opening up about prioritization, but unfortunately, the fear has stretched well beyond last year’s process. To cite a few examples, those in the Alumni Relations office were unavailable to comment on an October story about alumni incomes, and the Office of Campus Environment was not receptive to discussing the pop-up Christmas tree business that moved in on campus. When new things happen on
The prioritization process created an atmosphere of distrust.
Buns & Abs Mat Class
3 p.m. / Fitness Studio / 731 S. Plymouth Court / FREE
Jan. 29 Civic Cinema: “The United States of ALEC”
6–8:30 p.m. / Film Row Cinema / 1104 S. Wabash Ave. / FREE
Life Sources Blood Drive
1–7 p.m. / Conaway Center / 1104 S. Wabash Ave. / FREE
Jan. 30 Music Student Convocation
Noon / Music Center / 1014 S. Michigan Ave. / FREE
7:30 p.m. / Hokin Hall / 623 S. Wabash Ave. / $8
Jan. 31 Public Reception: The Almost Metal Collective 5–8 p.m. / A+D Gallery / 619 S. Wabash Ave. /FREE
campus, such as when dozens of Christmas trees unexplainably materialize next to the student bike lot, naturally, people ask questions. Why not answer them, especially if those inquiring are tuition-payers? Perhaps there’s a fear of negative publicity after the bad press surrounding the prioritization process. However, refusing to share information with the community perpetuates distrust and leads one to question whether Columbia can call itself a community at all. This “trust no one” atmosphere is a threat to the potential positive change that could come to the college with a new president. But if you have nothing to hide, why hide at all?
Opening Reception: Chicago Curates Columbia II: Aspect Radop + Film and Video 5–7 p.m. / C33 Gallery / 33 E. Congress Parkway / FREE
Feb. 1 Schubertiade Preview featuring VOX 3 Collective
12:15 p.m. / Sherwood Community Music School, Concert Hall / 1312 S. Michigan Ave. / FREE
Virtual Job Fair Prep: Resume 101
Noon / Portfolio Center Annex / 623 S. Wabash Ave. / FREE
Copy STAFF MASTHEAD
Kaley Fowler Copy Chief Lisa Schulz Copy Editor Corey Stolzenbach Copy Editor
James Foster Senior Photo Editor Kevin Gebhardt Photo Editor Rena Naltsas Photo Editor Carolina Sanchez Photo Editor
Heather Schröering Editor-in-Chief Lindsey Woods Managing Editor Sophia Coleman Managing Editor Zach Stemerick Art Director Sylvia Leak Ad & Business Manager
Alexandra Kukulka Campus Editor Tyler Eagle Assistant Campus Editor Megan Purazrang Assistant Campus Editor Tatiana Walk-Morris Assistant Campus Editor
Heidi Unkefer Senior Graphic Designer Marcus Nuccio Graphic Designer Michael Scott Fischer Graphic Designer
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Arts & Culture
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The Chronicle is a student-produced publication of Columbia College Chicago and does not necessarily represent, in whole or in part, the views of college administrators, faculty or students. All text, photos and graphics are the property of The Chronicle and may not be reproduced or published without written permission.
2 • January 28, 2013
Senah Yeboah-Sampong Office Assistant Charles Jefferson Office Assistant Brandon Smith Office Assistant
Chris Richert General Manager Jeff Lyon Faculty Adviser Stephanie Goldberg Assistant Faculty Adviser
Editorials are the opinions of the Editorial Board of The Chronicle. Columns are the opinions of the author(s).
Letters to the editor must include full name, year, major and phone number. All letters are edited for grammar and may be cut due to a limit of space.
Views expressed in this publication are those of the writer and are not the opinions of The Chronicle, Columbia’s Journalism Department or Columbia College Chicago.
The Chronicle holds the right to limit any one person’s submissions to three per semester.
Rena Naltsas THE CHRONICLE
Tali Melani, a Harvard Maintenance employee, takes down ceiling tiles from the Technology Commons after fire sprinklers went off on the first floor of the 618 S. Michigan Ave. Building Jan. 25. The sudden drop in temperature created a malfunction in the fire sprinkler system causing the sprinklers to go off on the first floor, flooding the basement. Several Mac computers were affected by the water, but no damage has been reported. CORRECTIONS
In the Dec. 10 issue, the article titled “Administrators address Faculty Senate concerns,” should have stated that Alton Miller, a faculty member in the Marketing Communications Department, responded to the recommendation of forming a new department out of the Marketing Communication and Arts, Entertainment and Media Management departments. The Chronicle apologizes for this error.
Letters can be faxed to (312) 369-8430, emailed to Chronicle@colum.edu or mailed to: The Chronicle 33 E. Congress Parkway, Suite 224 Chicago, IL. 60605-1996
Main line: (312) 369-8999 Advertising: (312) 369-8984 Campus: (312) 369-8964 Metro: (312) 369-8963 Arts & Culture: (312) 369-8969 Commentary: (312) 369-8967 Copy: (312) 369-8976 Photo: (312) 369-8923 Sports & Health: (312) 369-8980 Permission/Reproductions: (312) 369-8955 General Manager: (312) 369-8955 Faculty Adviser: (312) 369-8903
Monday, JANUARY 28, 2013
The Columbia Chronicle
Presidential search update by Alexandra Kukulka Campus Editor ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
THE SEARCH FOR Columbia’s next
president has narrowed to identify several finalists, according to a Jan. 25 email from Allen Turner, chairman of the board of trustees. One of the finalists will be introduced to the Columbia community on Feb. 13. Before he or she meets the Columbia community, the individual will first attend “confidential” meetings with part-time and full-time faculty, administrators, staff and students, according to the email. Following the candidate’s visit, the Presidential Advisory Panel, a 21-member panel in charge of conducting the search and presenting finalists to the board of trustees, will communicate feedback from the visit to the candidate, the email stated. Search committee members were unable to comment on the issue or provide the candidate’s name because of a confidentiality agreement they had to sign. The presidential search began in August 2012 with the elections and formation of the Presidential Advisory Panel. Throughout the semester, the panel met “numerous times” to review potential candidates, according to a Jan. 22 email from Turner. The email said the panel interviewed seven candidates Jan. 10 and Jan. 11. Of these candidates, one or more will visit the campus in the beginning of February. firstname.lastname@example.org
Hilton partnership furthers Wabash Arts Corridor
James Foster THE CHRONICLE
As part of the Wabash Arts Corridor project, Columbia has partnered with the Hilton Chicago to feature student artwork on the building’s South Wabash Avenue side. 2005 alumnus Nino Rodriguez’s mural was the project’s first piece of work.
by Tyler Eagle Assistant Campus Editor ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
COLUMBIA AND HILTON Chicago,
720 S. Michigan Ave., have partnered to display student art on the back of the hotel. The partnership is part of the Wabash Arts Corridor project, an initiative dedicated to transforming the seven blocks worth of buildings on South Wabash Avenue, between Congress Parkway and Roosevelt Road, into a gallery of student work, according to Mark Kelly, vice president of Student Affairs. Kelly said he selected the stretch of Wabash Avenue as part of the Wabash Arts Corridor several years ago because of its proximity to academic buildings and the amount of student traffic on the street. “Wabash Avenue is the spine of our campus; that’s really where students live,” Kelly said. “Fifteen
years ago, there was an anonymous feel. It didn’t feel like a campus. It felt like a sad, urban environment.” Kelly said the college hopes the partnership with Hilton Chicago will help build momentum for the project. The college will present images to the hotel’s management team, which will then approve selections for installation. The images will be produced by the spring 2013 Fashion Photography and Fashion Styling class, instructed by husband and wife John and Andrea McArthur, adjunct professors in the Photography Department. According to a representative of Hilton Chicago, the management team is excited to see what the students of Columbia can offer. “We hope that through this partnership we are able to foster creativity among the students as well as show support for Columbia,” said
Angela Braswell, manager of media relations at Hilton Chicago. “We very much look forward to our exterior being beautified by this talented group and bring a sense of place to our South Loop location.” Stephen DeSantis, director of Academic Initiatives at Columbia, said he hopes the partnership will act as a catalyst for attracting local businesses and organizations to partner with the college. “I think the Wabash Arts Corridor is one of the most amazing initiatives at Columbia,” DeSantis said. “The opportunity for our students to get their works out in the public and get Columbia to engage in the community is an incredible opportunity.” This is not the first time Columbia has partnered with other businesses, according to DeSantis, who is involved with the Wabash Arts Corridor initiative and its two
previous projects. The first completed project of the Wabash Arts Corridor was a mural painted by 2005 Columbia alumnus Nino Rodriguez, located at George’s Cocktail Lounge, 646 S. Wabash Ave. As reported by The Chronicle Sept. 10, 2012, the mural was unveiled as part of the Columbia Crawl in September 2012. DeSantis said the mural marks the initiative’s first partnership between local businesses and the college. Cacciatore Real Estate, the owner of George’s Cocktail Lounge, approached the college and offered the building for the project, he said. The Papermaker’s Garden, the initiative’s second ongoing project, shares space with Columbia’s bike lot at Wabash Avenue and 8th Street and serves as a cross-departmental, interdisciplinary green xx SEE HILTON, PG. 12
Academic Affairs phases out Columbia Press
by Tatiana Walk-Morris Assistant Campus Editor
ACADEMIC AFFAIRS office will phase out the Columbia College Chicago Press “after careful consideration,” according to Louise Love, interim provost and vice president of Academic Affairs. The Press, located in the Wabash Campus building, 623 S. Wabash Ave., will be removed by the end of the calendar year because it has been operating at a financial loss for the past five years, Love said. The decision to phase out the Press was announced Jan. 11 in an email from Love the entire college community.
Kevin Gebhardt THE CHRONICLE
Stephen DeSantis, director of Academic Initiatives, flips through Joseph E.B. Elliott’s “The Steel,” which the Columbia College Chicago Press will publish in February 2013. The Press will soon be phased out because of financial losses incurred in recent years.
“Given the priorities of the college, the Press was not a top priority of the college,” Love said. “We have to be very conscious of where we’re spending our money.” According to Susan Marcus, associate vice president of Academic Affairs, the Press lost $218,000 last year. She said the program will still be phased out despite the Academic Affairs department’s efforts to reduce operation costs in an attempt to save the Press. “The smallest [deficit] going forward would have been about $150,000 [per year] in order to stay in operation,” Marcus said. xx SEE PRESS, PG. 12 January 28, 2013 • 3
The Columbia Chronicle
4 • January 28, 2013
$5 meal plan returns for seconds by Megan Purazrang Assistant Campus Editor ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
THIS SEMESTER, COLUMBIA will
partner with three on-campus cafes to offer students a more affordable meal plan, as low as $5 per meal. With the Cafe Meal Plan, students can purchase a 40-meal plan for $200 or an 80-meal plan for $400, to be used at Harvester Cafe, 600 S. Michigan Ave., Studebaker Cafe, 623 S. Wabash Ave. and the Press Cafe, 1104 S. Wabash Ave.,
receive an ID card valid for the designated number of meals, Tadros said. Both plans are valid for one semester, according to the Student Financial Services website, and unused meals are non-refundable, expiring at the end of each semester. Students also have a 10-day grace period to opt out of the plan, the SFS website said. Columbia’s website details meal options, like the morning meal, which consists of a breakfast sandwich with a small coffee, tea or bottled water. Any pastry item,
The school introduced [the Cafe Meal Plan] as an option to help students, we figured out a formula that could work as far as quality and affordability.” – Philip Tadros “The school introduced [the Cafe Meal Plan] as an option to help students,” said Philip Tadros, owner of the participating cafes and a 2001 marketing communications alumnus. “We figured out a formula that could work as far as quality and affordability.” Students can enroll before Feb. 22 by mailing or faxing an electronic document, available on the website, or in person at the Alexandroff Campus Center, 600 S. Michigan Ave. Upon purchase, students will
excluding cupcakes, with a small latte or mocha is another alternative. For lunch, students can choose between a sandwich, wrap, salad or two slices of pizza with a bag of chips or fruit and a beverage. The Cafe Plan was originally created for off-campus and commuting students, but all students with a valid campus ID card are eligible to participate, said Nyle Fisher, University Cafe manager. Unlike the University Center, 525 S. State St., participating cafes are not affiliated with Residence Life, and stu-
dents living on campus with plans through the UC cannot use their meal cards at the campus cafes. Though the plan was initially intended to be offered last semester, Fisher said the college decided not to advertise the plan until it tested the success of the program. According to Kendall Klitzke, Student Government Association president, she enjoys the variety of food the cafes offer. “I’m actually pretty impressed with our cafes,” Klitzke said. “If you look at some college cafes, there’s not a lot of choices, but I think they’ve stepped up a lot in the past couple of years.” Nearby colleges, like the University of Illinois at Chicago, only offer university meal plans to students who live on campus. The difference is that UIC students who have not purchased a meal plan can buy individual meals with cash, credit card or “dragon dollars,” the institution’s student currency, according to Adrienne Nadeau, housing officer at UIC. “All students are allowed to go into the cafeteria, and it certainly does a lot to build community,” said Nadeau. According to Mark Kelly, vice president of Student Affairs, a system like UIC’s would not work at Columbia because the campus can’t support a large-scale cafeteria. “Fifteen years ago, there were
The Music Center at Columbia College Chicago 1014 S. Michigan Avenue
C o n c e r t
H a l l
E v e n t s
Wednesday January 30 Music Student Convocation
Thursday January 31 Music Student Convocation
Friday February 1 PianoForte Presents: Schubertiade Preview Emily Barrett Senior Recital at the Sherwood
12:15 pm 7:00 pm
SAVE THE DATE: March 1 Charlie Sexton Residency Concert at the Music Center For tickets call 312-369-8330 March 14-17 Jeremy Pelt in residence at the Jazz Showcase with the Columbia College Jazz Ensemble. For advance tickets call 312-369-8330
4 • January 28, 2013
600 s. michigan Ave
studebaker cafe press cafe
623 s. wabash ave
1104 s. wabash ave
virtually no restaurants and fast food operations around Columbia,” Kelly said. “Now, everywhere you look, there are a lot of food options for our students. It makes it even more complicated to consider a cafeteria because there is a question of whether it would be economically feasible with so much competition now.” With so many food options available in the area, the cafes offer a student-only place on campus,
Marcus Nuccio THE CHRONICLE
Fisher said. “Students and faculty appreciate the fact that we use local food vendors, brew and serve local coffee, hire Columbia students and that we are involved with SGA, having meetings with them every semester to find out ways that we can improve get, feedback and just see how we can better serve the students,” Fisher said. email@example.com
January 28, 2013 • 5 Campus
Apply for 2013–2014 finAnciAl Aid Follow the steps/Meet the DeaDlines
1 2 3 SUBMIT
submiT your 2013–2014 fAfsA AT www.fAfsA.gov
file your 2012 TAxes elecTronicAlly
updATe your fAfsA online wiTh The irs dATA reTrievAl Tool
Apply for 2013–2014 finAnciAl Aid Follow the steps/Meet the DeaDlines submiT your fAfsA online AT www.fAfsA.gov
file your 2012 TAxes elecTronicAlly wiTh The irs
updATe your fAfsA online wiTh The irs dATA reTrievAl Tool
priority Deadline: February 1st
priority Deadline: February 25th
priority Deadline: March 10th
if you won’t have your taxes filed by this time, use estimated income figures to submit your FaFsa. submitting your 2013– 2014 FaFsa by February 1st will allow you to:
learn about tax incentives and free tax preparation services you may be eligible to receive by visiting colum.edu/ becomemoneysmart and click, “tax incentive information” for more details. Completing your 2012 taxes by February 25th will allow you to:
log onto www.fafsa.gov and select the iRs Data Retrieval tool. Using the iRs Data Retrieval tool by March 10th will allow you to:
Make the most of federal, state, and institutional funding options
Receive your 2013–2014 award letter by april 2013
Get a head start on completing Columbia scholarship applications Deadlines for completed applications begin February 1st.
Update your FaFsa with your actual tax figures by March 10th
Reduce the number of potential errors on your FaFsa for a more accurate 2013–2014 award letter
Create an accurate financial plan for 2013–2014 in a timely manner
avoid the need to submit tax documents if selected for verification
Meeting the Financial Aid Deadlines will allow you to: •
Make the most of federal, state, and institutional funding options
Reduce the number of potential errors on your FaFsa to receive a more accurate 2013–2014 award letter by april 2013
Create an accurate financial plan for 2013–2014 in a timely manner
January 28, 2013 • 5
The Columbia Chronicle
6 • January 28, 2013
Columbia, CPS team up to create tech schools of Education awarded Columbia’s Center for Community Arts Partnerships, an organization dedicated to bettering Chicago students through arts education programs, a $3 million grant to fund a digital media program called Convergence Academies, according to David
by Tyler Eagle Assistant Campus Editor ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
CHICAGO PUBLIC SCHOOL students
can look forward to more digital education in the classroom, thanks to a grant awarded to Columbia. On Dec. 18, the U.S. Department
IN 2012 There were
for the i3 grants
20 were awarded to institutions
The total amount of money awarded:
$3 million Information from The Department of Education.
Heidi Unkefer THE CHRONICLE
Flatley, executive director of CCAP. Convergence Academies will work with two low-performing Chicago public schools, integrating digital media and technology into the schools’ curricula to prepare high school and elementary students for college and future careers, said Flatley, who is also the project coordinator. “As a college, we have something to say about what kind of skills a student should be matriculating to college with,” he said. “As far as when [students] graduate high school, what they should know is in regards to media literacy.” The two schools that will become the Convergence Academies have yet to be selected, Flatley said, adding that the selection will be made within the next few months so the academies can open for the 2013– 2014 school year. Columbia was one of 20 grant recipients selected from more than 700 applications received by the Department of Education for its Investing in Innovation (i3) competition, which supports new programs that reduce highschool drop-out rates, according to the competition website. Columbia students and faculty volunteers will serve as mentors in the program, Flatley said. They will be tasked with helping students and staff in the selected elemen-
tary and high schools understand new technology being brought in by Convergence Academies. Some of these new technologies will include integrating photography into mathematics classes, creating 3-D models in social studies classes and constructing a library equipped with media production tools, according to a video presentation released by CCAP. The grant will fund the program for three years, Flatley said. If Convergence Academies is successful, CCAP will look into expanding the program into more schools, he said. The grant will create five jobs, according to Flatley, including a full-time program manager at CPS who will act as a liaison between both schools, a position at CPS, two media specialists, one at each of the selected schools and a curriculum coordinator. To receive the grant, Columbia had to prove it had 15 percent of the funds for which it applied, according to the competition website. Because the college applied for the maximum amount, it had four weeks to show that it had $450,000 in matching funds, according to the competition website. Matching funds could be counted as either monetary or time funds. Flatley said
he is donating 25 percent of his time to the management of the project so he can dedicate a portion of his salary to the match. “[Funds] can’t come from federal sources, so it couldn’t come from CPS,” Flatley said. “CPS can invest some money in the program, but it couldn’t count for the match.” When CCAP learned it received the grant, it reached out to other organizations to match the funds, Flatley said. Several organizations were willing to donate in the future but couldn’t immediately contribute, he said. According to Flatley, CCAP received a $100,000 donation from the MacArthur Foundation, and a combined $105,000 from Pearson Education and the Pearson Foundation, which also contributed software and computers. The Convergence Academies project is not the first project that CPS and Columbia have partnered for. Meredith Bruozas, a CPS educational technology employee, said CPS has been working with CCAP for five years through CCAP’s Transferring Education through the Arts and Media initiative, a broader program that educates teachers on how to integrate art and media into their curriculum. firstname.lastname@example.org
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January 28, 2013 • 7 Campus
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The Columbia Chronicle
8 • January 28, 2013
Preparations begin for Manifest 2013 by Tatiana Walk-Morris Assistant Campus Editor ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
SENIOR ART & DESIGN major
Thumy Phan was named the new creative director of Manifest, Columbia’s end-of-the-year urban arts festival. Every year, Columbia students are encouraged to vote for Manifest’s creative director. This year, Phan was elected from a pool of three finalists whose entries were posted to Facebook for a vote. Voting was held Nov. 27 to Dec. 8 of last year, according to Nissan Wasfie, director of Student Communications. The winner was determined based on the number of Facebook “likes” a finalist’s entry received. “I’m really excited, but I’m really nervous,” Phan said. “I hope everyone likes the designs and can connect with them.” The creative director position was open to all students, but fewer than 50 students applied, Wasfie said. The initial applications were narrowed down to three by a committee, Wasfie added. “I can’t speak for the whole committee, but for my personal aesthetic, I think [Phan’s work] was beautiful,” Wasfie said. “I can’t speak for the students, but apparently it suited their aesthetic.” Phan said her concept for Manifest involves layering different
media, including photography and graphic design. She said her half-Asian and halfEuropean background influenced her design for the festival. “I’ve always found it interesting how people associate themselves with different labels,” Phan said. “Without all of these different layers, this design would not look the same. It’s kind of like a person. Without all of these different elements to this person, they would not be that person.” She also named artists David Choy and Charmaine Olivia as influences for the mash-up of different arts media within her work. “[Choy’s] style is really cool and really different,” Phan said. “He paints on cardboard, wood and anything he can get his hands on.” Phan said she is currently working on the logo designs and a background for the Manifest website, which will launch soon, Wasfie said. Phan said once the website design is finished, she will create the backgrounds for window displays and Shop Columbia. In addition to Phan, others have already begun planning for Manifest, many of them students, according to Kari Sommers, assistant dean of Student Life. The Tic Toc Performing Artists, a group of Columbia students who create various art works on campus during Manifest, will return this
year, Sommers said. Many artists in Tic Toc are from the Art & Design and Interdisciplinary Arts programs, she added. During a Tic Toc performance at a previous Manifest, Drew Mattott, an interdisciplinary alumnus, dipped books in egg batter and other substances like breadcrumbs and coffee grounds, deepfried the books, placed them in a plastic bag and signed the bags, which were given to guests, Sommers said. “We want to bring Tic Toc back because it’s an awesome representation of what Columbia can be,” Sommers said. “We don’t know what [the artists] are going to do. We know it’s going to be awesome.” In addition to the contributions from Tic Toc, Justin Witte, Columbia’s exhibition coordinator, said he worked with faculty in the Arts & Design Department to develop an idea for a “mobile gallery.” The gallery will showcase first-year students’ work and will be housed in a trailer and pulled behind a bike. “Throughout the day, students will be loading different projects from those first-year art design students, biking around and explaining to different visitors what they’ve created,” Witte said. Other student contributions will include a vintage Manifest T-shirt contest the week before Manifest, during which students will wear T-
Courtesy THUMY PHAN
Thumy Phan, a senior graphic design major, has already started designing promotions for the 2013 Manifest Arts festival, including posters (pictured above). The design was inspired by her ethnicity.
shirts from previous festivals, Sommers said, adding that the location and prize for the contest have not yet been determined. “It’s exciting to see what our stu-
dents are doing,” Sommers said. “It reminds us of why Columbia is amazing.” email@example.com
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8 • January 28, 2013
Phone 312.461.1989 Fax 312.461.1991
January 28, 2013 • 9 Campus
New year, new semester, new student president by Alexandra Kukulka Campus Editor ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
AS A CHILD, Kendall Klitzke, a ju-
nior television major, wanted to be just like television personality Stephen Colbert. This aspiration naturally led Klitzke to Columbia to study the television industry in pursuit of an on-screen career, which she says showcases some of her best attributes: her sense of humor, ability to work efficiently and her endless amount of energy. At the end of the Fall 2012 semester, Klitzke, who was formerly the executive vice president of the Student Government Association, assumed former SGA President Cassandra Norris’ position after Norris graduated a semester early. Klitzke, who has been a member of SGA for six semesters, will be president for the duration of the Spring 2013 semester. At the end of the school year, Klitzke will have the option to run for president again, but she said it is unlikely that she will do so because she also plans to graduate early. The Chronicle sat down with Klitzke to discuss her plans as president, SGA activities this semester and the importance of student involvement on campus. The Chronicle: What do you plan to do as SGA president? Kendall Klitzke: I plan on tackling a lot of things that have never been addressed. An ongoing goal of student government is partnership with Columbia to give it a stronger sense of community. Ultimately, my goal is to make students feel like they really do have a voice at this school. Student government is the representative body that is purely there so students have a voice in decisions that are made at the college. I want to make sure Columbia students know this is an institution that is of students, by students, for students, and that they have a voice and that there are people who work very hard to do things for them. How do you plan to improve student involvement on campus? Student government isn’t necessarily an event association per se, but a thing that student government can do to increase involvement is to lead by example, to be involved around campus ourselves. It’s en-
couraged and required for a lot of us to attend Columbia events that are not student government-related. In addition, I think student government can be one of the entities that helps foster a sense of community. When students feel like they have a community, there is something for them to go to, to do. Student government can’t do it alone. It’s definitely something that involves a lot of working in tandem with a lot of other groups, but it harkens back to this idea of community. What will SGA focus on during the spring 2013 semester? This semester, like every semester, we have forum week, which is when every departmental senator hosts a student forum in order to get feedback about the academic department that they can take directly to the chair of that department. That is one of the main avenues for student advocacy that SGA has. It’s bringing students in the same department together and talking about their department. This spring, we also have the State of the College Address, which is to be scheduled, [and] is another thing that is for the entire Columbia community. It’s the one time when the president addresses the students directly in a very one-on-students way. We have our elections at the end of spring where students, in a collective, have the opportunity to run for SGA so they can represent their academic department as well as the college as a whole. Immediately following that, they vote for the candidates that have chosen to run.
Ultimately, my goal is to make students feel like they really do have a voice at this school.” –Kendall Klitzke Will the organization be working to improve any specific departments on campus? Last semester, through the Faculty Senate, Cassandra Norris strongly encouraged the administration to take a look at the Advising Center and how that office can better serve
students, and to work out the issues students often have with that office because that’s an entity that should be running perfectly all the time. That’s something we are tackling, and the school has already started to take a serious look at the things that are going on in that office. We have a Student Financial Services plan, which is in very early stages. Right now, we are getting the contacts for that office so we can go talk to the right people. Essentially, we want to address the issues students have with SFS that the school can actually correct because some stuff is government-related. A lot of things are just sort of the general frustration that comes from not being able to get aid. What will SGA do to get more students involved in the organization and fill senator seats? In the past, a lot of it was posters. We definitely want to bulk up on our social media. I have an idea of shooting videos of senators, like 1 1/2 minute really fast things that say, ‘Hi, I am this person, I represent this department and this is why you should run for Student Government Association,’ and have about as many of those as we can get and blast them all over social media so that it is something slightly more interactive. We are definitely doing a better job of working with the student outlets that already exist, instead of trying to do everything on our own, because it is really not necessary to reinvent the wheel. What is one thing people don’t know about you? I know a lot of weird songs from start to finish. Certain songs will come on, and I will know all of the words and people will be like, ‘How do you know that?’ Most things are by Earth, Wind and Fire. I know all of Barry Manilow’s “Copacabana,” from start to finish. I know all of Sir Mix-a-Lot’s “Baby Got Back.” I don’t know what day I have not used the knowledge of song lyrics. What do you picture your dream TV job to look like? What aspect of TV do you want to work with? Fundamentally, I am a writer, so getting a job doing that would be awesome. I do have a very strong
Kevin Gebhardt THE CHRONICLE
Kendall Klitzke, a junior television major, became president of the Student Government Association at the end of the Fall 2012 semester, when the previous president graduated a semester early.
affection still for Comedy Central and the programing that they are doing, also HBO or Showtime. But really, I am keeping my options very open because I feel like you have to. I will work for anyone who will hire me. With so many administrative changes taking place in the near future, what hopes do you have for Columbia’s future as an institution? Columbia is a best kept secret. I think that more people should know about us and I feel like that is something that takes time. I don’t think that there is anything that inspires Columbia students more than knowing of a lot of successful alumni. Part of that is we need to go out and become really successful and then care about where
we got our education from. As far as the administrative changes I want Columbia to continue to be a student-minded place. We have a very different philosophy from a lot of colleges, and that’s what I most admired about Columbia when I chose to come here. I really believed in our mission. I really believed in the values that Columbia has because they are just not the values that other colleges have. We are a unique place, and, with administrative changes, I want to preserve the good thing that we have going and take it to the next level [by] making sure that our majors are following our industries. [To] do the good things without losing ourselves in the process. email@example.com Visit columbiachronicle.com/multimedia for web-exclusive video content January 28, 2013 • 9
K N I TH The Columbia Chronicle
10 • January 28, 2013
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xx TEXTBOOKS Continued from Front Page • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
which decreased by 9.2 percent since 2005; 7.2 percent for college store operations, which increased by 5.8 percent since 2005; 3.7 percent toward the college store income, which decreased 24.5 percent since 2005; and 1 percent for freight expenses, which decreased by 9.1 percent since 2005. “A common misconception is that the college store makes a lot of money off of the sales of textbooks,” said Charles Schmidt, director of public relations for the NACS. “While the total revenues are high because it is their most sold product, their actual profit on textbooks is very small.” Tim Bauhs, associate vice president of Business Affairs, said Columbia chose Follett, a textbook and school supplies distributing company, as the college’s textbook provider because of the various options the company offers for students to acquire textbooks, such as renting or purchasing them new or used. For the bookstore to buy back a student’s book, the course instructor must submit a timely form stating whether the same edition will be used again, said Pausha. “If I don’t get the book order in on time, and I don’t know if it is being reused again, I can’t just take a book back and give [a student] 50 percent back,” Pausha said. To help students save money, the bookstore offers more rentals and used books than in previous years, with a high of 30–40 percent of last year’s total income generated through rented or used books, Pausha said. This is a significant increase from the 2010–2011 academic year, when rentals and used books accounted for only 10 percent of sales, she said. While renting books is on the rise, online stores are also an option. According to Jeff Sherwood, founder and CEO of BigWords.com, a text book comparison site, buying online can benefit students financially. “BigWords.com [finds] prices that are significantly cheaper than the college bookstore because we are searching online inventory,” Sherwood said. “There is just a lot more availability and the prices are a lot better.” Selling books back online cuts out the middle man, the bookstore, Sherwood said. When the bookstore buys a book back from a student, it sells it back to the distributor. For this reason, students make less money off books in the bookstore, he added. “[The bookstore] is unable to offer as much money as an online store that is going to resell the books themselves because [the bookstore] has to sell the book at a profit to the distributor.”
Oh Heck Yes!! The Columbia Chronicle has a Facebook page! Like it today Just search “The Columbia Chronicle” on Facebook.
10 • January 28, 2013
Students can also receive more money when selling their books online because, unlike the bookstore, online sites don’t have extra expenses such as rent to account for, Sherwood added. However, when selling online, most stores do not accept badly damaged books, Sherwood said, although neither does the bookstore, he added. Though Bauhs supports Columbia’s bookstore, he said he understands students may choose to buy their textbooks online. “Students are free to shop wherever they want,” Bauhs said. “We believe that competition is healthy. The bookstore is one place that we believe provides a good value for a lot of reasons. It is a virtual guarantee of the right textbook.” Jessica Rodriguez, a senior art & design major, said she purchased some of her textbooks online, but now shops at the bookstore after being sent the wrong book from one online source. According to Rodriguez, the bookstore offers high quality products. “[The bookstore] is easier to use because all the books are there,” Rodriguez said. “The workers also help you find the books and you are sure those are the books you need.” In an attempt to decrease textbook costs, Columbia’s Student Government Association partnered with DePaul University during the fall 2012 semester to present legislation to Illinois government officials seeking to reduce textbook prices. The Textbook Affordability Legislation initiative serves as a platform for students to sign letters, which were sent to Illinois representatives Jan. 24, proposing legislation to lower the cost of textbooks, said Kendall Klitzke, SGA president. The letters consist of four recommendations for decreasing the price, which include a textbook tax exemption and a textbook holiday that would require textbooks to be tax exempt for a short period of time. “The goal is that [government officials] hear the students of Illinois out, pass some sort of legislation and address the issues of textbook affordability in the state,” Klitzke said. If legislators do not improve textbook affordability, Klitzke said SGA will travel to Springfield, Ill. in April for Student Lobby Day, where students meet with state government officials to discuss important issues surrounding college students. Illinois is one of 24 states that does not offer tax exemption on textbooks, Schmidt said. States that offer tax exemption include Iowa, Utah and Missouri, he said.
January 28, 2013 • 11 Campus
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The Columbia Chronicle
12 • January 28, 2013
Continued from PG. 3
James Foster THE CHRONICLE
The Hilton Chicago, 702 S. Michigan Ave., agreed to display student work on the side of its building.
Continued from PG. 3
initiative, DeSantis said. According to DeSantis, the primary goal of the garden is to grow fibers that can be harvested to make paper. “There is a lot of empty space, ugly brick walls that we can do a lot to with our students as far as permanent and temporary installations,” DeSantis said. “[The Wabash Arts Corridor] is kind of like an open-aired gallery,”
he said. According to Kelly, Columbia will host an open meeting in February at the Hilton Chicago including other local institutions with Wabash locations, such as Roosevelt University, East-West University, and local businesses, like Buddy Guy’s Legends and the Elephant Room, to unveil the idea of the Wabash Arts Corridor. Kelly said the plan is to foster support to make the Wabash Arts Corridor a community initiative. firstname.lastname@example.org
“Due to the decline in enrollments, revenue across the college has decreased, and therefore we had to make cuts. By phasing out the Press, we were able to avoid making additional cuts to other academic areas.” The Press has published more than 100 titles before and after Columbia acquired it. Columbia is currently negotiating contracts with the authors, said Stephen DeSantis, director of Academic Initiatives. Academic Affairs hopes to phase out the Press by the end of the year, but it may take longer depending on the past and current authors’ contracts, DeSantis said. “Columbia will do its best to help the authors get their work distributed as the program is eliminated,” DeSantis said. “The Press is more like a family than a business.” Columbia will meet with the University of Chicago in early February to discuss the University’s interest in reviewing Columbia’s printed titles, DeSantis said. According to DeSantis, the university wants to see which of the Press’ titles fits what it publishes “We would talk to the author, and we would shift the contract over so they could represent the author going forward,” he said. Nick Jaffe, co-author of “Teaching Artist Journal,” published by
the Press, said he was upset when he learned Columbia would end the program. “It’s not necessary, but it’s useful to have a reflection of Columbia’s leadership in publishing,” Jaffe said. According to Jaffe, the U of C has already agreed to distribute the “Teaching Artist Journal.” Jaffe said he is working with the university to create an electronic version of the journal, which will also be available in print. If a publisher does not pick up an author’s work, Columbia will give the publishing rights back to the author, DeSantis said. If an author has unsold books in the press warehouse, the author’s contract allows him or her to purchase their books at a very discounted price, he added. Several of the authors are photographers, according to DeSantis. “They do exhibitions and book signings, so these are opportunities for them to take their books and get
Kevin Gebhardt THE CHRONICLE
Only full-time students are eligible for a U-PASS. Full-time status is defined as 12 credit hours or more for undergraduates and 9 credit hours or more for graduate students.
If you drop below full-time enrollment during the add/drop period on or before February 9th or completely withdraw from classes during the fall semester, you are not eligible for the U-Pass, per the agreement between Columbia College and the CTA. An email will be sent to your Loop email account notifying you of the deactivation. Please be sure you are prepared to cover your public transportation costs or make other transportation arrangements if you drop below full-time enrollment.
Requirements to Pick Up Your U-Pass Make sure you have a valid Campus Card (Student ID) when you pick up your U-Pass.
POST-DISTRIBUTION PICK-UP LOCATION CAMPUS CARD OFFICE: Location: 600 S. Michigan Ave., 3rd Floor next to Cashier Phone: 312-369-7300 Email: Campuscard@colum.edu
12 • January 28, 2013
The Columbia College Press published more than 100 books before and after Columbia acquired it.
U-Pass Information Y OUR H EAD HERE
them into the hands of people who will appreciate them,” he said. The Press, formerly known as the Center for American Places, was a nonprofit, academic press the college purchased five years ago. “There was a relationship [between the Center for American Places and] the department of Photography,” Love said of the acquisition. “It seemed like a good thing for the college to support a press with overlapping interests.” When Columbia acquired the Press, the college was unaware of the potential deficit it would cause, Love said. Columbia will keep the Press’ name in case it is ever reopened; however, Love said there are no plans to revive the Press in the near future. “We’re not saying publishing isn’t important,” Marcus said. “When tuition dollars are being spent and operation budgets are being looked at, we have to make priorities.”
You must be registered for full-time by December 15, 2012 and have a Columbia ID photo on file at the college in order to have a pre-printed U-Pass available for pick up on the distribution dates. Full-time enrollment is defined as 12 hours or more
for Undergrads and 9 hours or more for Graduate students. Students who register for full-time after December 15, 2012 -- The CTA will be on campus January 23, 24 and 25th only to issue a U-Pass to students who registered for full-time enrollment after December 15, 2012. This is your only opportunity to receive your U-Pass before the start of the fall semester. Students who miss this date must request a Late Issue U-Pass at the Campus Card Office.
Using your U-Pass You can start using your U-Pass Wednesday, January 23rd, 2013 (five days before the start of the fall semester). Prior to Wednesday, the card will be captured by the CTA farecard reader. The fall U-Pass expires on Thursday, May 23, 2013 (five days after the end of the semester). In the event that your U-Pass is lost, stolen, or defective, visit the CTA U-Pass information page for instructions to receive a replacement.
Monday, JANUARY 28, 2013
The Columbia Chronicle
Game theory informs epidemic behavior
by Hallie Zolkower-Kutz Assistant Sports & Health Editor ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
AS CHICAGOANS BATTLE this year’s flu season, researchers at Wake Forest University in North Carolina have been studying why some people get flu shots and others don’t, using unusual methodology: online gaming. The study examined the decision-making process behind getting a flu shot as well as the factors that dissuade people from doing so. According to Brian Richardson, director of public affairs at the Chicago Department of Public Health, flu season has hit Chicago particularly hard this year, and the decision to get a flu shot is an important preventative measure, making the research especially relevant. Frederick Chen, an economics professor at Wake Forest University and one of the researchers working on the study, decided to create a simple online game that imitates the spread of an infectious disease like the flu. The idea of using an online game originated because Chen was worried about the confines of using students as study participants. “If I were to do this on campus, I’d be limited to the few
thousand students here,” he said. “But if I were to go online, I’d have a much larger group of potential participants.”
People really care about the prevalence around them.” –Amanda Griffith The game mimicked a spreading epidemic by having players go through several rounds that represented days. As they played each round, participants had the option of spending points to take a self-protective action, like a flu shot. Then, based on the number of players and self-protective actions taken, a number of participants were “infected” with the virtual disease. The goal for players was to earn the maximum number of points. Players who took no protective action and were not infected received the maximum number of points for that round, while those who took the protective action and
avoided infection received fewer points. Some players were given the option of a low-cost protective measure, while others had only the option of paying a higher cost. This measure was put in place to represent the cost and incentive of getting a flu shot in real life. At the end of each round, players were informed of the total number of other players infected. Researchers analyzed the data to determine which factors influence people’s decision-making during an epidemic. The study showed that people were inclined to choose self-protective measures when the option was presented at a lower cost. It also indicated that knowledge of how many others are infected and the player’s past experience with the disease play a role in determining whether to get vaccinated. The cost of the flu shot doesn’t always have to be monetary, according to Chen. He said there are other factors that alter the perceived cost of a flu shot. Aspects such as the time taken out of one’s day to get the shot and the fear of adverse side effects also have a role in the decision-making process. xx SEE FLU, PG. 15
In the first week of 2013, there were
influenza-associated hospitalizations in Chicago.
(which accounted for 6.3% of the total ER visits that week)
Since September 30, 2012, there were
ICU hospitalizations due to the flu in Chicago.
adult deaths were reported. Information from Chicago Department of Health Marcus Nuccio THE CHRONICLE
Studies suggest link between plastics and obesity by Hallie Zolkower-Kutz
Tributyltin (tbt) Sn
Assistant Sports & Health Editor ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Mice exposed to the chemical tributyltin experienced an increase in fat accumulation.
A LINK BETWEEN obesity and expo-
Increased kidney weight
Increase in fat
The chemical triflumizole, found in pesticides, acts with the part of cells that regulates fatty acid storage.
O O O
A chemical in most plastics that has increased the kidney weight and enlarged the liver of mice in several recent studies. Information courtesy Environmental Health Perspectives
Heidi Unkefer THE CHRONICLE
THIS WEEK IN
sure to chemicals found in some plastics has been documented in several recent animal studies, including one released Jan. 15 by the University of California, Irvine. The studies, most performed on mice, examined the effect of obesogens—chemicals in the environment that are foreign to the body that can affect how it metabolizes fat—as well as other chemicals that disrupt the endocrine system, which regulates the body’s hormones. This disruption interferes with the body’s ability to develop normally. UCI researchers exposed one generation of mice to tributyltin, an obesogen, also called TBT, through
drinking water. Researchers then studied the impact on the three subsequent generations. Bruce Blumberg, professor of pharmaceutical sciences at UCI and a researcher on the TBT study, said the biggest discovery was the transgenerational effects of TBT on obesity, meaning the increased fat accumulation is passed down to subsequent generations without direct exposure. “The implication is that what we expose ourselves to doesn’t just concern us,” Blumberg said. “What you’re exposed to not only affects your health but also your child’s health and, potentially, your grandchildren and great grandchildren.” TBT is found in vinyl and is xx SEE PLASTICS, PG. 15
Chicago Wolves Chicago Bulls Northwestern Wildcats DePaul Blue Demons vs. Charlotte Bobcats vs.Peoria Rivermen vs. Notre Dame Fighting Irish vs. Purdue Boilermakers
7 p.m. United Center Where to watch: CSN
7 p.m. 7 p.m. Ken Kraft Wrestling Room Allstate Arena Where to watch: Big Ten Digital Network Where to watch: my50
1 p.m. Allstate Arena Where to watch: ESPN 2 13 • January 28, 2013
The Columbia Chronicle
14 • January 28, 2013
Sports still solution IN MY OCT. 1, 2012 column, I wrote
about how involvement in sports could offer an alternative to adolescent violence. Since then, it seems the opposite has proved true. After a Jan. 16 Simeon and Morgan Park High School boys basketball game, players started shoving each other in the handshake line, according to a Jan. 23 Chicago Tribune article. After the fight was broken up, head coaches Robert Smith and Nick Irvin continued to yell at each other, the article said. The coaches were suspended Jan. 23 for violating the Chicago Public Schools’ code of conduct, according to a statement from Barbara Byrd-Bennett, CPS CEO. After the shoving match subsided and the coaches stopped screaming, a 17-year-old Morgan Park student was fatally shot in the parking lot of the gymnasium where the game was held, according to the Tribune article. Reports were quick to mark the incident as unrelated to the postgame brawl, but its time and proximity to the game makes me think otherwise. These are not the only examples of violence with connections to
sports. It seems that every year, fans stab or shoot each other after their rival teams face off or a player is indicted on violent charges. But what makes the situation with Smith and Irvin especially disappointing is that as coaches, they should be role models. They should be able to pull themselves back from the throes of competition and exemplify a pacifistic response to violent outbreaks, especially when their players are exposed to contrary behavior in other facets of their lives. However, there was one person in this whole situation who shined as a role model. Byrd-Bennett, in her suspension of the coaches, stood up to the paradigm of treating athletes and coaches like they are exempt from punishment. Too often, the necessity to reprimand is overlooked because there’s a “big game” coming up or because the boos of angry fans who feel robbed of their entertainment are too loud. It’s refreshing to see Byrd-Bennett ignore those conventions and do what is right by making an example Tof hethese Columbia Chronicle two failed role models. The only way to control the func-
Reggie Hearn, college basketball player Age: 21 College/Team: Wildcats
tion of sports in either preventing or perpetuating violence is to give players admirable and ethical role models as coaches, like Byrd-Bennett is attempting. Coaches, like teachers, have the opportunity to go beyond their duties of imparting knowledge and really change the lives and behaviors of their students and players. Because sports often provide a more intimate and dedicated group of students, the opportunity for this kind of influence is intensified for coaches. If more people like Byrd-Bennett can recognize that potential and do everything to make sure it happens. I still believe sports can be the answer to violence, not the inciter. email@example.com
Hookah gains popularity despite risk
by Kara Rose MCT Newswire ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND student
Louie Dane was 18 when he first smoked tobacco with a hookah at a friend’s house. “There’s nothing that’s not great about it,” he said. “You get to be with some friends having a good time. I personally think cigarettes are disgusting ... Hookah doesn’t seem as bad ... [because] it’s more of a social thing.” What Dane and most other fans of this increasingly popular method of smoking tobacco don’t know is that one 25-minute hookah session is equivalent to smoking a pack of cigarettes, health officials said. “People tend to inhale very deeply when they are using a hookah,” said Donald Shell who works on tobacco prevention efforts at the state Department of Health and Mental Hygiene.“They actually, in effect, get 20 times the amount of nicotine then when you smoke a single cigarette.”
14 • January 28, 2013
Hookah—also referred to as a narghile, shisha or waterpipe—allows users to smoke flavored tobacco that is filtered through a liquid, typically water. The tobacco is placed in the bowl of the hookah and heated with a coal. The smoke is then pulled through decorative hoses after first passing through the liquid. The practice originated in India and the Middle East in the middle of the last millennium and has since found its way into a growing number of college towns in the states. As more hookah lounges open, health officials said they are worried users do not fully understand the risks associated with the pastime. Hookah tobacco contains many of the same harmful chemicals found in cigarettes and can cause similar long-term health effects, such as mouth cancer, lung cancer and cancer of the trachea, Shell said. “Hookahs are flavored and put in a nice setting when you are sit-
ting and relaxing ... But that kind of socially attractive setting is really the vehicle for delivering a really potent dose of tobacco and carbon monoxide and other chemicals, too,” Shell said. “There is no safe level of tobacco to consume. If you find that once you start smoking hookah and you feel like you have to go back, that’s kind of a red flag.” Matthieu Drotar, 20, said he first smoked hookah when he was 17. He now smokes a hookah once every two or three weeks near the University of Maryland. “People like to try new, exotic things, and the hookah bars try to recreate the feeling of being in Lebanon, or somewhere else,” Drotar said. “I don’t know anywhere outside of a [hookah bar] that you can get that experience.” Despite knowing some of the health risks associated with smoking hookah, Drotar said he was not worried. “If I were smoking every day, I would be concerned about it,” he said. Isabel Slettebak, a 21-year-old student at the University of Maryland School of Nursing in Baltimore City, said she smoked hookah, for the first—and last—time when she was 20. “The place, it was way too smoky for me,” she said. “After sitting for a while, it felt like I wasn’t getting enough air. Then I tried smoking the hookah and it just felt like I had drank a cup of ashes.” firstname.lastname@example.org
James Foster THE CHRONICLE
by Nader Ihmoud Sports Web Editor ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
SENIOR REGGIE HEARN kicked
your teammates off the court help you with your leadership role?
off last season’s opener as a starting guard for the Northwestern University Wildcats on Nov. 13, 2011. Though that was his first time starting, he has since started in all 51 games he has played. As of press time, Hearn has racked up career-high averages in points per game, rebounds per game, minutes per game and field goal percentage this season. He has also matched his season high in steals with 22 so far. During the Wildcats’ Jan. 17 win against the then No. 23-ranked University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Fighting Illini and their Jan. 20 loss to the No. 2-ranked University of Indiana Hoosiers, Hearn scored more than 20 points in backto-back games for the first time this season, making him the Wildcats’ leading scorer of the season. A former walk-on, his 14 1/2 points per game is currently ninth highest in the Big Ten. Hearn spoke with The Chronicle Jan 23, a day before the Wildcats’ 55–48 victory over the No. 12-ranked University of Minnesota Golden Gophers about his role on the team, his teammates and their competition.
Yeah, a little bit. All the guys are easygoing. We all get along well. There’s no hostility at all when I’m trying to tell them what to do or what’s to be expected.
The Chronicle: What does having a leadership role on this team entail?
We’re in the Big Ten. That’s the way it is. We just have to [prepare] ourselves mentally to come out and have a pretty difficult opponent each and every night. That’s all we can really say. We’re going to have a tough game every night, and we just have to be ready to play.
Reggie Hearn: The biggest thing for me is leading by example. It’s cliché, but I’m always talking about working hard in practice. Working hard in practice translates to the game. So [I need to] set that example for the guys and also vocally, which is tougher for me because I’ve always been [a] quieter player. But I’m trying to come out and be a little more vocal with the guys—tell them what to do, what we expect and things like that. Does your relationship with
Fellow senior and team forward Jared Swopshire’s productivity has risen lately. What has he been doing differently? I definitely think he’s been more aggressive offensively. And that’s something a couple other guys and I have said to him. With JerShon Cobb to go down to start the year and now Drew [Crawford] recently, guys have to step up and be more aggressive offensively. You know, Swop is somebody that we need to do that to in order to do well and in order to win. He’s definitely stepped it up in that end. He’s continuing his rebounding, which we definitely need him to do. So, he’s been huge for us. The Wildcats are facing a handful of the Big Ten’s ranked opponents and upcoming games. Do you mind the tough conference schedule?
Is there a favorite Big Ten arena you like to play in? I like to play in Assembly Hall [home of the Hoosiers]. I just really like the setup of the court. It’s compact, and playing in my home state is also a plus. email@example.com
January 28, 2013 • 15 Sports & Health
Continued from PG. 13
Chen said the findings have important implications for policy-making in the future. “We should try to think of policy that isn’t one-size-fits-all,” he said. “For some people, their perspective of the costs and benefits may differ. A more effective option would be to come up with different kinds of policies that would appeal to different groups of people.” Chen said he thinks policies should decrease the price of flu shots and allow employees to take time off work to get a shot. “Either we lower the cost, or we increase the benefit somehow,” he said. Amanda Griffith, assistant professor of economics at Wake Forest and researcher with the study, found an increase in self-protective measures when more players were infected with the flu, a fact she said most likely means the spread of information is important during an epidemic. “People really care about the prevalence around them,” she said. “It seems to really affect their behavior.” Columbia student Thom Taglioli, an arts entertainment and media management major, has been urged by his family to get a flu shot, but he hasn’t gotten one this season. “I actually haven’t gotten one in
years, and I haven’t gotten the flu in years,” he said. “I think there’s too much of an emphasis on everyone getting [the flu shot] instead of telling us what it does or the side effects.” Ruth Worock, the advance practice nurse at Columbia’s Health Center, has seen many students with flu-like symptoms. She said she believes spreading information about the flu would encourage people to get flu shots.
When you get a flu shot, you’re not just benefiting yourself, but other people as well.” – Frederick Chen Chen said a flu shot is both beneficial to the person receiving it and helps stop the spread of infectious disease. As a teacher, Chen said he believes he is at a higher risk for getting the flu because he comes in contact with so many people daily, so he gets a flu shot every year. “When you get a flu shot, you’re not just benefiting yourself, but other people as well,” Chen said. “If you don’t get sick, you can’t make other people sick.” firstname.lastname@example.org
xx PLASTICS Continued from PG. 13 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
commonly used as an additive in boat hull paint. Michael Skinner, a biological science professor at Washington State University, conducted studies on the industrial plastic chemical Bisphenol A, commonly known as BPA, and some phthalates. Phthalates are plasticizers found in PVC, detergents and children’s toys, and have been known to disrupt the endocrine system. Skinner conducted studies on mice by exposing them to these chemicals and discovered that generations succeeding the first exposed generation were at an increased risk for obesity. Exposure to endocrine disrupters, such as TBT, could lead to health problems including ovarian disease, obesity and abnormalities during puberty, said Rob Lustig, a professor of clinical sciences at the University of San Fransisco, in an email. Lustig has conducted several studies on these chemicals. In Blumberg’s TBT study, the later generations of mice also had greater fat accumulation but no TBT in their system. Blumberg said this implies that TBT’s effects could be permanent. Though there is little human data to support these findings, Blumberg said there is reason to believe the conclusions are trans-
latable to humans because they affect the same part of the body. TBT activates a hormone receptor called the PPAR gamma, a type of protein that helps regulate the body’s fatty acids and metabolism, which behaves exactly the same way in humans as it does in mice, Blumberg said.
I’m happy for the sake of science, but I’m unhappy for the sake of people.” – Bruce Blumberg “There’s correlation, but not causation data,” Lustig said, meaning there is a definite pattern between endocrine disruptors and obesity, but a direct link has not been found. Another issue surrounding these endocrine-disrupting chemicals, according to Blumberg, is that harmful chemicals in paint, plastic and other household products can seep into the environment. He found that TBT is often present in household dust. Lustig, who conducted his own studies on the obesogen fructose, said the chemicals that enter the environment can stay there forever. The standard of chemical regulation prevents the ban of these
chemicals, Blumberg said. To get a chemical off the market, a scientific study is required to show beyond the shadow of a doubt that it is harmful, a difficult and expensive process, he said. Both Skinner and Blumberg recommend that pregnant women and young children avoid these chemicals by limiting their use of plastic products, pesticides and cosmetics that contain phthalates. Skinner said effects are greater for fetuses and children because the developmental stage is when endocrine is the most important. It’s also the most vulnerable because it programs bodily development. Blumberg said few human studies are being conducted on this issue. The process of isolating many endocrine-disrupting chemicals is expensive, and the fact that chemicals are not found in the body after one generation of exposure means more research and funding must be conducted before a human study is feasible, he said. “We wish someone would monitor levels of TBT and all the chemicals we’re interested in because I want to know [what else they do],” Blumberg said, adding that the TBT study provided a lot of new information but has some serious implications. “I’m happy for the sake of science, but I’m unhappy for the sake of people,” Blumberg said. email@example.com
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The Columbia Chronicle
SUPE R BOWL
16 • January 28, 2013
Sports Web Editor Nader Ihmoud
Assistant Sports & Health Editor Doug Pitorak
Baltimore Ravens VS San Francisco 49ers FOR THE FIRST time in NFL history, two brothers are the head coaches of opposing Super Bowl teams.
John and Jim Harbaugh, who coach the Baltimore Ravens and San Francisco 49ers, respectively, will give new meaning to the term ‘sibling rivalry’ when their teams face off in front of the entire world Feb. 3. In similar fashion, The Chronicle has pitted two Sports & Health staffers against each other to compete for the most accurate Super Bowl prediction. Their picks, below.
NFL commissioner Roger Goodell could not have written a better story line for the league’s biggest game of the year. But story lines do not win championships; players do. This game will come down to execution, perseverance and one big play. The Ravens will be the team that keeps its composure by allowing leaders on both sides of the ball to make big plays. Yes, the 49ers win the statistics battle, but during the Super Bowl, past stats are for losers. Statistically, the 49ers are the better defensive team, but they did not face a team as hot as the Ravens during the playoffs. The Ravens’ road to the championship has prepared them for this type of pressure, especially quarterback Joe Flacco. Baltimore had to enter two hostile environments against two of the game’s greatest quarterbacks, and prevailed both times. Flacco went to the ‘Mile High’ city and defeated the hottest team in the NFL, the Denver Broncos, who had won their previous nine games before losing to the Ravens in overtime. He outplayed Broncos quarterback Peyton Manning during overtime of the AFC divisional playoff game. Manning threw an interception that would lead to a game-winning field goal by the Ravens. Flacco also defeated Tom Brady and the New England Patriots in Foxborough, Mass., one of the toughest places to play an AFC Championship game during the last decade because of Brady’s 4–0 record in AFC Championship games at home. Trailing 13–7 at the half, the Ravens defense did not allow another score the rest of the game, and Flacco helped seal the win by throwing three touchdowns on three straight second-half drives. It doesn’t hurt, either, that Flacco has wide receiver Anquan Boldin as a target. But if the Ravens really want to be successful against the 49ers, they will have to have a balanced
16 • January 28, 2013
attack. Baltimore has one of the best running Doug’s prediction: backs in the league: Ray Rice. His ability to Move over, Pittsburgh. execute short routes can lead to bigger downCome Feb. 3, the San Francisco 49ers will field plays. join the Pittsburgh Steelers as the only other Offense is great, but the first defense to NFL franchise with six Vince Lombardi tromake a big stop will help its team come away phies to its name. with the win. I foresee the future Hall-ofNot that they won’t have a qualified and Famers on the Ravens’ side coming up with a formidable opponent. big play when needed. Linebacker Ray LewLeading the Baltimore Ravens in his first is, the 17-year veteran, is well known around Super Bowl is quarterback Joe Flacco, who the league for his abilities, but there’s more has won eight out of 12 playoff games in his to that defense. The most important piece five seasons. When 49ers upstart quarterto disrupting quarterback Colin Kaepernick back Colin Kaepernick takes the field at the NFL is Raven’s safety Ed Reed and he’s no strang- Mercedes-Benz Superdome in New Orleans, San Francisco er to causing Baltimore havoc. He’s an 11-year veteran he will be making just his 10th NFL start. who has already 60 interceptions.Colin Do Kaepernick On top of that, Flacco is playing better than Joemade Flacco the math. ever. He averaged 284 passing yards a game POST SEASON 13-6-0 12-4-1 The 49ers are 4 1/2 point favorites to win during the postseason and has beaten future the game, but the Ravens have been under- Hall-of-Fame quarterbacks Peyton ManCOMP: 51postseason. That momenCOMP: dogs most of the ning of 33 the Denver Broncos and Tom Brady tum will ultimately doom San Francisco. of the New England Patriots. Throughout ATT: 93 ATT:this52 playoff run, Flacco has yet to throw a firstname.lastname@example.org single interception.
COMP%: 54.8% Joe Flacco TD: 8
NFL 496 YDS:
COMP%: 63.5 Colin Kaepernick
QB RATING: 114.7
QB RATING: 105.9
ATT: 93 YDS: 853
ATT: 52 YDS: 496
QB RATING: 114.7
QB RATING: 105.9
Information courtesy NFL.com
Michael Scott Fischer THE CHRONICLE
In short, Flacco has done everything right. But there is one thing he can’t do: make plays with his feet. Enter Kaepernick. Flacco has rushed for 16 yards this postseason. Kaepernick has gained 202 yards on the ground. And more importantly, he has recorded two rushing touchdowns, helping the 49ers score approximately 37 points a game on the road to their sixth Super Bowl appearance, where they’re 5–0. Kaepernick’s ability to make moves outside the pocket only adds to his otherwise proficient performance. In his first NFL postseason, Kaepernick is averaging 248 yards per game throwing the ball, not far off from Flacco, who has played one more game this postseason. Flacco has passed for eight touchdowns, helping the Ravens average 30 points per game. Kaepernick has only thrown for six points on three occasions, giving Flacco an apparent edge. But, in addition to completing a better percentage of his passes than Flacco—63 percent to Flacco’s 55 percent— Kaepernick’s ability to gain yards on the ground will ultimately put him and his team ahead come game time. Both teams play physical, both offensively and defensively. Ravens wide receiver Anquan Boldin, at 6’1” and 223 lbs, has been personifying this playing style by bullying smaller defensive backs, which will work to his favor when he faces a 49ers secondary with an average height of 5’11”. Vernon Davis, tight end for the 49ers, is San Francisco’s response. Measuring 6’3” and 250 lbs, Davis hauled in five catches for 106 yards and a touchdown in the NFC Championship game. Both teams play hard and both teams hit hard, but when time is running out and the play breaks down, Kaepernick will be able to scramble for that extra yard, which will make the difference between winning and losing the Super Bowl. email@example.com
January 28, 2013 • 17 Sports & Health
19-year-old Eric Dompierre, who has Down syndrome and is the kicker for the Ishpeming High School varsity football team in Ishpeming, Mich., prepares for practice Aug. 6.
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Schools must provide sports for disabled, U.S. says
by Philip Elliot Associated Press • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •V
STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES must
be given a fair shot to play on a traditional sports team or have their own leagues, according to the U.S. Department of Education. Disabled students who want to play for their school could join traditional teams if officials can make “reasonable modifications” to accommodate them. If those adjustments would fundamentally alter a sport or give the student an advantage, the department is directing the school to create parallel athletic programs that have comparable standing to traditional programs. “Sports can provide invaluable lessons in discipline, selflessness, passion and courage, and this guidance will help schools ensure that students with disabilities have an equal opportunity to benefit from the life lessons they can learn on the playing field or on the court,” Education Secretary Arne Duncan said in a statement announcing the new guidance Jan. 25. The ground breaking order is reminiscent of the Title IX expansion of athletic opportunities for girls and women four decades ago and could bring sweeping changes to school budgets and locker rooms for years to come. Activists cheered the changes. “This is a landmark moment for students with disabilities. This will do for students with disabilities what Title IX did for women,” said Terri Lakowski, who for a decade led a coalition pushing for the changes. “This is a huge victory.” It’s not clear whether the new guidelines will spark a sudden uptick in sports participation. There was a big increase in female participation in sports after Title IX guidance instructed schools to treat female athletics on par with male teams. That led many schools to cut some men’s teams, arguing that it was necessary to be able to pay for women’s teams. Education Department officials emphasized they did not intend to change sports traditions dramatically or guarantee students with disabilities a spot on competitive teams. Instead, they insisted schools may not exclude students based on their disabilities if they can keep up with their classmates. Federal laws, including the
1973 Rehabilitation Act and the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act, require states to provide a free public education to all students and prohibit schools that receive federal money from discriminating against students with disabilities. Going further, the new directive from the Education Department’s civil rights division explicitly tells schools and colleges that access to interscholastic, intramural and intercollegiate athletics is a right. The department suggests minor accommodations to incorporate students with disabilities onto sports teams. For instance, track and field officials could use a visual cue for a deaf runner to begin a race. Some states already offer such programs. Maryland, for instance, passed a 2008 law that required schools to create equal opportunities for students with disabilities to participate in physical education programs and play on traditional athletic teams. Minnesota awards state titles for disabled student athletes in six sports. Increasingly, those with disabilities are finding spots on their schools’ teams. “I heard about some of the other people who joined their track teams in other states. I wanted to try to do that,” said Casey Followay, 15, of Wooster, Ohio, who competes on his high school track team in a racing wheelchair. Current rules require Followay to race on his own, without competitors running alongside him. He said he hopes the Education Department’s guidance will change that, allowing him to compete against runners. “It’s going to give me the chance to compete against kids at my level,” he said. Some cautioned that progress would come in fits and starts initially. “Is it easy? No,” said Brad Hedrick, director of Disability Services at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and a Hallof-Famer in the National Wheelchair Basketball Association. “In most places, you’re beginning from an inertial moment. But it is feasible and possible that a meaningful and viable programming can be created.” firstname.lastname@example.org January 28, 2013 • 17
The Columbia Chronicle
18 • January 28, 2013
Apple fritters to die for I NGREDIENTS 1 cup all-purpose flour 1/2 cup sugar 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder 1 teaspoon nutmeg 1 teaspoon cinnamon 1/3 cup milk 1 egg 1 apple, any variety, chopped 1 apple, sliced in circles 1 1/2 cups powdered sugar 1 tablespoon milk 1 tablespoon butter
Rena Naltsas THE CHRONICLE
by Hallie Zolkower-Kutz Assistant Sports & Health Editor ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
I HAVE A profound love for any food that could guarantee my death before age 50. This apple fritter recipe is the kind of dish that makes my arteries harden just looking at it, which is why it’s so damn delicious. I’ve been trying to recreate the equally crunchy and doughy apple fritters I used to get with my dad as a kid, and this is the closest I’ve come. This recipe is so easy you could probably make it sitting down, but I don’t advise that because you may never stand up again. First, combine all the dry ingredients in a mixing bowl. Then stir in the milk and egg, mixing just
Pinch of salt Canola oil for frying
I NSTRUCTIONS 1. Combine flour, sugar, baking powder, 1/2 tea-
spoon cinnamon, nutmeg and salt in a mixing bowl. Stir in milk and egg. Add chopped apple. 2. Fill a medium-sized skillet approximately 1-inch deep with oil and heat on high. 3. Drop dough in hot oil by the spoonful. Fry about 3 minutes or until brown. Flip fritters. Fry an additional 2 minutes. 4. Transfer fritters to paper towel-lined plate to absorb excess oil. 5. Make glaze by mixing milk and powdered sugar in a bowl. Drizzle over fritters while warm. 6. Make apple topping by sautéing apple slices with butter and cinnamon in a pan over medium heat. Spoon onto fritters.
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until everything is combined. Chop the apples into quarter-inch pieces and fold them in carefully so they don’t get mushy and gross during the process. Fill a medium skillet approximately 1-inch deep with oil, and heat it on high. You can tell when it’s hot enough by dropping a small piece of dough in the oil. If it floats to the top, the temperature is right. Plop a tablespoon of dough in the oil and fry for approximately 3 minutes or until it’s an even brown color. Flip it over and do the same for the other side. Keep an eye on the pan because the fritters will fry faster than you might expect. They don’t take long to cook. Repeat this step with the rest of the dough, transfer-
ring the fried fritters to a plate lined with paper towels to absorb the excess oil. Try not to think about that part. If someone had told me how simple it is to make glaze, I would have put it on all my foods for a long time now. Just mix the milk and powdered sugar together until smooth. Generously drizzle the glaze over the fritters. For the topping, sautée the circular apple slices with butter and cinnamon in a skillet over medium heat. While hot, spoon them onto the fritters and sprinkle with excess cinnamon if desired. Dig in. You deserve it. email@example.com
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18 • January 28, 2013 COLUMBIA CHRONICLE MONDAY, JANUARY 28
Monday, JANUARY 28, 2013
The Columbia Chronicle
Brewing creativity in Chicago by Emily Ornberg Arts & Culture Editor ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
IN AN APARTMENT gallery in Pilsen, owner Paul Hopkin, artist Benjamin Bellas, assistant director Jeffrey Grauel and friends Ann Chen and Brent Garbowski converged in October 2012 to work on a project Hopkin said would enhance the ambience in his contemporary art exhibition space, Slow Gallery. The project became what is now known as Small Ass Brewing, Slow Gallery’s own brewery that plans to prepare a custom batch of beer, roughly two cases, for every upcoming exhibit, Hopkin said. “We’re interested in the way that beer is contextualized in the art world,” Hopkin said. “Would you rather have a beer that tastes like something or a Pabst Blue Ribbon? We’re artists. We demand more experiences than that.” Although Small Ass Brewing so far has only brewed for Bellas’ Oct. 6–31 solo exhibit, Hopkin said he and the rest of Small Ass Brewing are constantly coming up with new ideas and flavors to introduce. Previous brews ranged from a basil ale, to a strawberry vanilla beer to a red beet rye beer. Hopkin said he tries to play with the flavoring of the brews to playfully enhance the art in the exhibits. “When I get ready for a show with an artist, I tell them about the beer project and see if they have any particular requests or ideas,” Hopkin said. On April 6, Slow Gallery will host an exhibit featuring visual artist Emily Severence. Hopkin said much of Severence’s art touches on themes of age and disability—such as found-object sculptures with crocheted details. To pair with her art, Grauel created an adult version of a childhood favorite—a peanut butter and jelly beer flavored with dehydrated peanut butter and raspberries. “The body of the beer is based on a recipe where the flavor is described as ‘bready,’” Hopkin said. “Which isn’t that surprising because beer is brewed from barley.” In July, the gallery will host an exhibit for visual artist Andreas Fischer, who made a specific request for a beer flavored with turmeric, a plant that is typically used in curries, Hopkin said, adding
xx SEE BEER, PG. 25 Photo Illustration Zach Stemerick James Forster THE CHRONICLE
January 28, 2013 • 19
The Columbia Chronicle
20 • January 28, 2013
Detox time for Victoria’s Secret
AS IF I didn’t have enough to worry about concerning my lady parts, I now have to think about all of the phthalates I’m currently sitting on. No, that was not a sexual innuendo. I’m referring to Victoria’s Secret’s announcement that it will begin disclosing data on the usage of hazardous chemicals, like phthalates, in its supply chains by the end of 2013, according to a written commitment by Limited Brands, the parent company of VS. Awesome! Except I currently have a drawer full of phthalate panties that are possibly making me fat. Vicky’s was one of 20 global fashion brands called out by Greenpeace’s major investigative report, “Toxic Threads,” conducted late last year, that revealed usage of toxic chemicals, as discussed in my Nov. 26 column. The report revealed that phthalates— substances added to plastics to increase flexibility that have the potential to screw up your endocrine system—were one of the major chemicals found in the sexy-panty-supplier’s products.
I am ecstatic that VS has pledged to go toxic-free, but it makes me wonder—will the company actually follow through? All VS has done is compose a pledge, and it will probably take years for all of those products to be phased out. Wouldn’t it be nice if the company at least put all of its tainted products on a permanent sale? No way in hell would I pay $50 for a bra that could give me breast cancer or $25 for five panties that can make my hormones go haywire (trust me, enough of that already happens). Ok, ok, according to what Greenpeace Toxics Campaigner John Deans told The Columbus Dispatch Jan.23, simply wearing the panties will not expose you to the dangerous chemicals. However, by buying the brand’s products, you are still contributing to the spread of nasty chemicals. “[Pollutants are] generally from the water sources or the water cycle,” Deans said. “Both chemicals are polluting at the site of manufacturing, and shoppers and consumers are becoming unwit-
ting accomplices in putting those pollutants into our waterways.” The agreement VS made requires the company to issue a report on its efforts by this June, the report said. So far, Limited Brands has said it will eliminate its use of perfluorinated chemicals, which can cause cancer, by 2015 and is “committed to eliminating hazardous chemicals by 2020.” All I have to say is 2020 is going to be a great year. Until then, I hope all the ladies out there will join me in my search for the perfect organic panty. Check out “Studies suggest link between plastics and obesity” on pg. 13 for more information on phthalates. firstname.lastname@example.org
Carolina Sanchez THE CHRONICLE
Michigan native Chrome Sparks plays his classical music-inspired beat dance music at Beauty Bar, 1444 W. Chicago Ave. on Nov. 24. He was first recognized for his 2010 single “I’ll Be Wait for Sadness Comes Along” and for being a finalist in Lollapalooza DJ competition.
Photos Rena Naltsas THE CHRONICLE
Jack Gruszczynski junior, art & design major
morning musical inspiration: The Weird Summer Mixtape
20 • January 28, 2013
Kameron Johnson junior, dance major
morning musical inspiration: A Mob
Darius Goldsmith sophomore, fashion studies major
morning musical inspiration: The Stepkids
Nicole Mizgalski junior, art & design major
morning musical inspiration: Led Zeppelin
January 28, 2013 • 21 Arts & CulTURE
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January 28, 2013 • 21
The Columbia Chronicle
22 • January 28, 2013
“I’m your biggest fan,”
are words Carol Woodle hears every day. Onlookers freeze in pure shock and often approach her, sometimes crying and shaking as they try to express their admiration. “Every single day someone mistakes me for Oprah,” Woodle said. “I’ll be trying to check out [at the store], and O Magazine is sitting right there on the stand. People look at the picture, look at me, and do this two or three times, and next thing I know, it starts down the line: ‘Is that her?!’” Constantly being mistaken for Oprah led to an amazing opportunity for Woodle, who Courtesy CAROL WOODLE joined the ranks of the celebrity impersonating Carol Woodle has been impersonating Oprah industry in 2006, she said. Winfrey since 2006 after repeatedly being Woodle said she decided to become an mistaken for the television mogul. Oprah impersonator after an elderly woman approached her, crying, asking to take a picture with her. “She was sobbing as she held my hand and said the only dream she had in life was to meet Oprah, and she felt [meeting me] was the closest she was ever going to get to her,” Woodle said. “That was when it clicked.” A majority of celebrity impersonators, or “tribute artists,” enter the industry after constantly being told they resemble a famous person, according to Woodle. Impersonators earn a living by simply exploiting their likeness to a famous person or character, hosting corporate events or entertaining at parties where they earn between $500–$1,500 a gig, Woodle said. Janna Joos, founder of Reel Awards, an awards ceremony for celebrity impersonators, estimated that there are roughly 20,000 impersonators in the U.S. Northern Illinois University sociology professor Kerry Ferris studies celebrities and has written multiple journal articles on celebrity impersonators since 2010. Through her research, Ferris has concluded that defining the actual number of impersonators is impossible. “There are so many different ways to be a celebrity impersonator that I think most of the people who do it are under the radar,” Ferris said. “The people who do it professionally are actually the minority of [celebrity impersonators].” Though Woodle was born with Oprah-like features, not all impersonators are look-alikes, said Sheri Winklemann, a Chicagobased impersonator and owner of entertainment company Wink Productions. According to her, some actors analyze celebrities’ makeup, costumes and characteristics until they are able to perfect and imitate them. Her career as a Marilyn Monroe impersonator accidentally began five years ago after she graduated from DePaul University with a theater degree. “I don’t even look anything like [Marilyn]—it’s a lot of costume and makeup,” Winklemann said. “People kept calling my entertainment company, [Wink Productions], asking for a Marilyn [impersonator], and I didn’t have anybody. So I said I could do it … It was a comedy version in the
beginning, and then I started to get serious about it because I realized it was an art and a craft.” Since then, Winklemann has made appearances at many events around Chicago, including a birthday party for Chicago Bears player Lance Briggs and private parties for both the Oprah Winfrey staff and Chase Bank executives at the Drake Hotel. Winklemann said she has made numerous appearances at downtown restaurants and bars in addition to touring internationally and performing on cruise ships alongside real performers Chubby Checker, Frankie Avalon and The Beach Boys. The amount of preparation involved in portraying Marilyn Monroe is time-consuming and costly, Winklemann said. She regularly reviews films featuring Monroe, reads biographies of her and rehearses her songs. “There were years of work I put into research,” Winklemann said. “It’s constant; there’s always more to learn.” Winklemann said she’s always on the go. When she’s not traveling, she spends her time booking events, invoicing previous clients, rehearsing, choreographing and taking voice lessons. Much of Winklemann’s week is also devoted to creating new costumes—having garments custom-made, styling her wigs and replenishing her vast makeup collection, she said. “Marilyn had an entourage,” Winklemann said. “She had someone to help her with her makeup, her look and her dress. Well, I do all of that, and carry all the sound systems and do the setup for all of my gigs.” From an intellectual property standpoint, the right to copy a movie or recording star’s persona may be in jeopardy due to a doctrine called the right of publicity. Violating this right, sometimes known as commercial appropriation, means taking a celebrity likeness—be it physical or verbal—and using it without authorization for “trade purposes,” usually interpreted as advertising or an endorsement. Michael Boyle, administrative editor of the John Marshall Review of Intellectual Property Law, authored a Sept. 18, 2012 blog post on the journal’s website that points out the arguments pro and con: Defenders claim the impersonation is essentially artistic rather than commercial, akin to fair use, while critics contend the celebrities’ “images are being exploited for financial gain.” Boyle suggests as a solution to this dilemma that impersonators pay a licensing fee to the celebrity’s estate. ”A compulsory fee...would help strike a balance between expression and exploitation.” Despite its controversial legal status, the impersonating profession extends across the globe and is even honored through the annual Reel Awards, which began in 1992, and are hosted every February in Las Vegas to honor the most talented
“She was sobbing as she held my hand and said
the only dream she had in life was to meet Oprah, and she felt [meeting me] was the closest she was ever going to get to her.
That was when it clicked.” –Carol Woodle 22 • January 28, 2013
January 28, 2013 • 23 Arts & CulTURE
and successful look-alikes in categories ranging from “rising star” to “tribute band” and “best actor.” According to Joos, a committee monitors the industry’s impersonators worldwide, just as the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences oversees the Oscars. “Just like any awards presentation—the Grammys, the Oscars, the Emmys, the Country Music Awards—it’s important to them,” Joos said. “It’s their award, and it’s coveted. It’s just a smaller industry.” In addition to a public audience, Joos said the awards ceremony usually draws anywhere from 75–200 impersonators, but starting in 2008, the awards show started to see a decline. The last two years have had the lowest attendance of impersonators with as few as 50 in the audience, Joos said. This is because, like other entertainment enterprises, the celebrity impersonating industry has suffered because of the recent economic downturn, Joos said. The 2013 ceremony has already been canceled because impersonators can’t afford to attend, and Joos finances the awards show out of pocket. Unlike the majority of impersonators, business for Enrico Hampton has been booming since 2009 when one celebrity’s popularity was boosted dramatically. Hampton has been impersonating Michael Jackson for more than 30 years, but he said his career exploded after Jackson’s death. “Before that I was working a lot, but when he passed, it kind of skyrocketed,” Hampton said. With a wardrobe of more than 15 Michael Jackson outfits he made himself or custom-ordered from Japanese costume companies, Hampton tours locally and nationally, working up to six shows a day. He has performed events for the Chicago Bulls and many local festivals like the Taste of Chicago, he said. Regardless of the size of the event, Hampton says he enjoys them all. “I don’t think there was one [show] better than the other one,” he said. “Even a kid’s birthday party can have so much flavor. It can be just as great as when I performed at the Chicago Bulls.” Besides Elvis, Marilyn Monroe is the most impersonated celebrity in the field, Winklemann said. She said there are so many impersonators because celebrities are so highly regarded in today’s society. “Celebrities are given this out-of-this-world status in American culture,” she said. “They’re worshiped. We love to build them up, and we love to tear them down.” Dr. James Houran, a New York-based psychologist who studies celebrity worship, said glorifying stars is natural in a media-driven society. “Human beings are hardwired to worship something, and in the absence of … organized religion, we turn to trying to copy and learn from people that are successful,” said Houran, who has co-written more than 100 journal articles and a book on celebrity obsession. Through his years of research, Houran said he has observed a continuum of celebrity worship, ranging from healthy admiration to pathological behavior. He said celebrity worship begins with positive intentions, helping individuals pay homage to role models, develop a sense of identity and come together in a social group. But given the right set of variables, Houran said celebrity worshiping can
become predictably dysfunctional. “At the early stage, celebrity worship is very voluntary, meaning people can turn it off,” Houran said. “You can put down the magazine, you can turn off the TV, you can get away from the Internet. However, at slightly higher forms of celebrity worship, it stops being voluntary, and you start seeing addictive or compulsive elements come into play.” Houran said celebrity impersonators aren’t an unhealthy endorsement of celebrity worship. However, if someone is unable to discern his or her actual identity from that of the personality, that’s cause for alarm, he said. “There are other people who impersonate because they want to physically look like their favorite celebrity, almost as a way to copy them so they feel they’re a success,” Houran said. “It’s one thing to put on Spock ears to make money at a convention. It’s another thing to put on Spock ears seven days a week when no one is looking.” During his work as a psychology professor at Southern Illinois University School of Medicine from 1997–2003, Houran oversaw a clinical outpatient program for patients who received psychological care. At the clinic, Houran said he frequently dealt with patients who would operate under delusions of grandeur—feeling as if they were actually someone they were not. Houran noted an extreme case of a patient who believed he was Jesus. He said the man was “so convinced that he would start interacting and talking with people about it.” Houran said that to be a celebrity impersonator, one would need a level of fantasy proneness, or the ability to take oneself in and out of reality. In the case of celebrity impersonators, Houran said he could see delusions being at a higher risk level. “Impersonators [who] make their living being Elvis for 25 years, that I would say would probably reinforce their celebrity proneness,” Houran said. “A line of work where you’re constantly having to stay in character without a lot of break back to reality, or to your own identity, that’s more of a risk factor.” Working in the industry, Hampton said he has met a few impersonators who have gotten lost in their characters, believing they’re actually famous and demanding a celebrity lifestyle. “Outside of doing the character they do, they live that life— they just walk around thinking they’re that person,” Hampton said. “But I don’t get caught up because after I get home and take off all the makeup, I’m just myself.” However, Ferris said it’s a common misconception that celebrity impersonators would be susceptible to such identity crises because most impersonators are aware they are acting. “It’s a popular notion that celebrity impersonators are the craziest of all crazy fans, and that’s just not true,” Ferris said. “This is a performing art—they’re actors. They know that they’re acting, and the audience knows that they’re acting.” While there is a fine line between celebrity impersonation and fanaticism, for Woodle, it’s just her profession. “God gave me the gift of looking like [Oprah], and it’s up to me to put it to good use,” Woodle said. “I know a lot of other [people] say, ‘Get a real job, Carol,’ and I say I have a real job, and I love my job.”
Marilyn Monroe impersonator Sheri Winklemann said that the most harmful thing anyone has ever done to her while she’s in character is “if they’re over 80 [years-old], they always grab me. The older, the bolder, it’s hysterical.”
Courtesy MICHAEL SLAUGHTER
January 28, 2013 • 23
The Columbia Chronicle
24 • January 28, 2013
‘Project Runway’ engages Chicago contestant in her fashion career, but it took three auditions for her to achieve this goal. According to her, she was first turned away for being 10 days short of the minimum age of 21, a requirement she had hoped producers would overlook. Her second audition was also unsuccessful because the judges wanted to see more growth from such a young designer, she said. A self-proclaimed old soul, Pankoke rejected this advice and gave it another shot, which finally secured her position in the top 16. Pankoke has joined Project Runway at a transitional time for the show’s structure. This season, contestants will work in teams every week. However, Pankoke said she prefers designing independently, which naturally made working with teammates more difficult. “Although it was challenging,
by Justin Moran Assistant Arts & Culture Editor ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
SINCE ITS PREMIERE in Decem-
ber, 2004, “Project Runway” has launched successful fashion careers for up-and-coming designers across the nation. Eight years later, the reality show continues in its 11th season, which began on Jan. 24 and features local Chicago talent as well as a new twist on the competition. Katelyn Pankoke, 23, is a Chicago-based fashion designer whose local bridal line, Elaya Vaughn, helped her land a spot on the current season. Pankoke, who resides with her fiance in Lakeview, is competing against 11 other designers for the opportunity to show at New York Fashion Week. She said she has always seen “Project Runway” as the next step
It was kind of like getting to play ‘Survivor’ and ‘Project Runway’ all in one.” –Katelyn Pankoke
Courtesy KATELYN PANKOKE
“Marlo,” a bridal gown from Katelyn Pankoke’s Elaya Vaughn bridal line, showcases her brand’s understated elegance. Pankoke is competing in “Project Runway’s” 11th season, which premiered Jan. 24.
working in teams ended up teaching me a lot,” Pankoke said. “It was kind of like getting to play ‘Survivor’ and ‘Project Runway’ all in one.” While her training is in ready-towear design, Pankoke discovered her niche in bridal wear when she
launched her Elaya Vaughn line in 2010. She said a designer must be versatile in all modes of apparel, but she definitely considers herself a bridal designer. “[Bridal design] is basically taking a ready-to-wear idea and
YOU AND A GUEST ARE INVITED TO AN EXCLUSIVE ADVANCE SCREENING OF
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IN THEATERS FEBRUARY 1 BULLETTOTHEHEADMOVIE.COM 24 • January 28, 2013 COLUMBIA CHRONICLE MONDAY, JANUARY 28 5x8
just blowing it up into something over-the-top and beautiful,” she said. Unlike modern street wear, wedding gowns appeal to her more xx SEE RUNWAY, PG. 26
Januaury 28, 2013 • 25 Arts & CulTURE
Continued from PG. 19
that he plans to create a Belgian summer ale spiced with turmeric, saffron and other Persian flavors for the event. Because Small Ass Brewing is new to making beer, Hopkin explained that sometimes the flavors don’t turn out the way he expects, like the strawberry vanilla extra special bitter beer that turned out less fruity and sweet than Hopkin anticipated. “We’re not experts on brewing,” Hopkin said. “It’s something we’re paying attention to, and it’s something we are learning. Just like when you curate art that goes into a show, you can’t choose to have something that doesn’t exist.”
exhibit owner Ed Marszewski’s original recipes, and food prepared by local chef Won Kim. “Most art openings supply beverages, whether they’re alcoholic or nonalcoholic,” Marszewski said. “In this instance, the beers are handcrafted by local artisans, [and] the work that was displayed was also by local artists.” The exhibit also served craft beers from local breweries and focused on the graphic labels from breweries like Revolution Brewing, Sixpoint Brewery, Duvel Moortgat Brewery, Great Lakes Brewing, Brewery Ommegang and Founders Brewing. Some of the featured artwork also portrayed potential consequences of alcohol, like a giant whale liver, representational of liver cirrhosis.
Would you rather have a beer that tastes like something or a Pabst Blue Ribbon?” –Paul Hopkin
A Bridgeport gallery has also hosted a beer-centered exhibit titled “Under the Influence Art show,” which opened Nov. 3 at CoProsperity Sphere, 3219 S. Morgan St., an experimental cultural center. It featured beer-focused artwork, beer tastings, including
Columbia junior journalism major Christopher Svymbersky has recently taken up homebrewing, but instead of pairing his beers with art, he pairs his concoctions with music. Svymbersky operates a blog called “TopherChaos’ Bands and
3 Photos courtesy PAUL HOPKIN & JUDSON BERNARDO
1. Paul Hopkin, creator of Slow Gallery and Small Ass Brewery, said homebrewing is “as much about the learning of that process, where things come from, as it is about delivering a perfect beer to an audience.” 2. At the “Under the Influence Art Show” on Nov. 3 at Co-Prosperity Sphere, owner Ed Marszewski had beers from six local homebrewers and seven commercial breweries. 3. Local artists also created beer-themed art at the event.
Brews,” in which he draws parallels between the way homebrewing and punk music began. “It basically stems off of the idea that homebrewing in America—this whole resurgence of it—kind of came out of this [doit-yourself ] ethic, in a similar way that punk [music] started,” Svymbersky said. Svymbersky said his first post
was comparing a porter from Founders Brewing—a beer he described as having an “emotional spectrum in flavor” with aromas of vanilla and cocoa and complemented with a dark, bitter finish— to the sweet-yet-sinister band The Cure. Svymbersky said combining beer with artistic expression in the art world makes sense be-
cause both are unique expressions of creativity. “Beer is art,” Svymbersky said. “A new style is created almost every decade. It’s something that people do socially. It’s something that requires a lot of collaboration, and you can also put your own spin on it.” firstname.lastname@example.org
January 28, 2013 • 25
The Columbia Chronicle
26 • January 28, 2013
Continued from PG. 24
whimsical interests, she said, recalling her college days at Florida State University when she spent time sewing Disney princess costumes in her dorm, wearing Bambi underwear and singing “Circle of Life” at the top of her lungs. In addition to Disney characters, Pankoke is inspired by designers Marchesa and Alexander McQueen. In particular, she said Grace Kelly’s roles in old Alfred Hitchcock films have guided her creative spirit. “[Grace Kelly] is just so strong and feminine, and for me that’s the best combination,” Pankoke said. Pankoke ultimately defines her work as a balance between artistry and femininity. “I’m an artist, first and foremost,” Pankoke said. “What I like to do is use my art to sculpt on the female form and really enhance what they were born with.”
You’re going to see some of the most passionate designers.” –Katelyn Pankoke
26 • January 28, 2013
Photos courtesy KATELYN PANKOKE
(Left) Chicago designer Katelyn Pankoke is competing in the 11th season of “Project Runway,” which premiered Jan. 24. (Right) “Aurora” is a bridal gown from Pankoke’s Elaya Vaughn line.
Pankoke is not the first Chicago fashion designer to appear on “Project Runway.” Local designer Shernett Swaby, 35, made it to the top five during the first season of “Project Runway Canada” in 2007. Although she feels her talent was properly showcased, Swaby said she fell short on making dramatic TV for viewers. Nonethe-
less, she is glad she competed on the show. Though her business did not see a major spike in sales, she noticed that more people began to recognize her. She said contestants who design affordable apparel and appeal to the mass media have the greatest success after the show airs. For Pankoke’s run on “Project Runway,” Swaby suggested she “go
crazy and scratch some eyes out.” Local designer Nora del Busto, 38, also offered Pankoke advice, asserting that the most successful contestants maintain a very specific and unique point-of-view throughout the season. “You can’t please everybody,” Busto said. While designing in teams will likely contribute dramatic sparks
to the show, Pankoke said the added twist doesn’t detract from “Project Runway’s” hard-working cast. “You’re going to see some of the most passionate designers,” she said. “Project Runway” airs on Lifetime Thursdays at 8 p.m. For more information, visit MyLifetime.com/Shows/ Project-Runway. email@example.com
January 28, 2013 • 27 Arts & CulTURE
Charleston, Ill. man creates custom drum sets by Rob Stroud Associated Press • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
JAY FERGUSON KEEPS two alternate sets of
business cards to meet the needs of his vastly different vocations. One business card is for the Ferguson Law Office in Mattoon, Ill. where he works as an attorney with his father, Mark. The other card is for his Home Grown Drums business, through which he builds customized drums for fellow percussionists. “I basically practice law all week and go out and play music all weekend, and evenings are spent in my workshop making instruments,” said Ferguson, who has a workshop in his Charleston, Ill. home. Ferguson said he has been playing the drums since his youth, when he received his first drum set in sixth grade. He played percussion instruments for school bands in his hometown of Mattoon, where he graduated from high school in 1998. After high school, he pursued his higher education in music at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Ferguson said he received undergraduate degrees in percussion and jazz performance in 2003 and earned the U of I’s first graduate degree in jazz studies in 2005. His passion for performing music continued as Ferguson attended law school at Northern Illinois University, where he graduated in 2008, and then started working as an attorney. “It is just a wonderful outlet artistically,” Ferguson said of his music. “It pairs nicely with my career. It is very much the opposite of the practice of law.” Ferguson said he plays percussion instruments alongside professional musicians representing jazz and a variety of other musical genres, work that routinely takes him as far as St. Louis, Indianapolis and Chicago. “Every gig that I play, I play on drums that I make,” Ferguson said. The percussionist said he made his first drum set in 2001 while he was finishing his undergraduate degrees. Ferguson said he needed a professional quality instrument and found that it would be more cost-effective to build his own. Ferguson said he started with general woodworking skills that he learned from his grandfather, Wallace Bingaman, and he outsourced some of the more specialized drum-making tasks to other tradesmen. He said his skills
have continually advanced since then, and now his drums are made completely in-house. Other than taking part in online workshops and exchanging ideas with stringed instrument makers, Ferguson said he is essentially a self-taught drum maker. He said the most challenging task in the workshop is bringing the drum head together with the bearing edge of the drum. “The layout has to be precise for everything to line up correctly and make for a playable instrument,” Ferguson said. Now, Ferguson focuses on making custom snare drums, custom drum sets and some Middle Eastern hand percussion instruments. He added that he can produce a drum set in an average of six weeks and a snare drum in three to four weeks. Ferguson said his first customers were professional musicians he befriended while they were his undergraduate classmates. He said he built their drums as a “sounding board” for his skills. He wanted to ensure his drums could withstand the rigors of touring while maintaining high quality sound. The customer base of Home Grown Drums has since grown to include the areas where he has performed and beyond, Ferguson said, adding that he has even sold to a customer in Portland, Ore. Ferguson said he plans to create a website for Home Grown Drums, but most of his business so far has been generated by word of mouth and by music fans seeing his drum set during gigs. His personal drums have a natural, hand-rubbed oil finish. Ferguson said this finish allows the wood to move with changes in atmospheric conditions, such as high humidity in a performance venue. He said the natural finish has a striking visual effect, which complements the high-quality sound the drums produce. “Without fail, someone remarks on the drums at every gig I play,” Ferguson said. Ferguson said hand-crafted instruments, such as those he makes for Home Grown Drums, appeal to the natural creativity of musicians and to the needs of the wide variety of musical styles that they perform. “Every aspect of the drum is fully customized. It offers a musician an infinite range of possibilities in terms of the sound and the appearance of the instrument,” Ferguson said. firstname.lastname@example.org
GaBE’s PiCtuRE-PERFECt WORLd is aBOut tO FaLL tO PiECEs
W OR L D P R E M I ER E
TEDDY FERRARA BY CHRISTOPHER SHINN DIRECTED BY EVAN CABNET it’s Gabe’s senior year of college and his future looks bright: he runs the Queer students Group, he finally has a single room and he recently started dating a great guy. but when a campus tragedy occurs that makes national headlines it ignites a firestorm and throws Gabe’s world into disorder.
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Drum maker Jay Ferguson demonstrates the use of the drum shell layout table in his workshop at his Charleston, Ill. home. January 28, 2013 • 27
The Columbia Chronicle
28 • January 28, 2013
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When Clouds Attack adds electro sound, challenges post-rock standards
by Emily Ornberg Arts & Culture Editor
FOUR YEARS AGO, in a small Wicker Park apartment recording studio, artist Todd Baran embarked on a solo project. When high school classmate and pianist Chrissy Parisi, college bandmate and bassist Cameron Moore and drummer Andy Angelos joined the band, the electro-post-rock tempest When Clouds Attack began to brew. Today, Chicago’s mostly instrumental quartet roars thunderous tunes at Lincoln Hall, 2424 N. Lincoln Ave., and festivals like this past September’s “Chicago, I Love You.” Originally driven by post-rock influences, its most recent album release, “Young Blood,” attacked the band’s standard post-rock catalogue. Adding a shoegazing electronic twirl
to the band’s established rock tone, the album pushes the sound into electro-rock territory. With two EP’s and an LP completed, When Clouds Attack continues to challenge Chicago’s music standards using a whirlpool of genres—at least when the band members aren’t working their day jobs. The Chronicle sat down with Baran and Moore to discuss performing in Chicago, post-rock shows and the band’s transition into adulthood.
The Chronicle: Where did your band name come from? Todd Baran: I liked that it had a dual meaning to it. It can almost be read in a kind of silly or funny way and also more seriously. But I don’t want to say I thought too much on it—it’s a band name.
Cameron Moore: It’s pretty common in any instrumental genre: You don’t use a lot of lyrics or come up with clever phrases, so we’re creatively naming things afterthe-fact. Why the transition from your earlier post-rock additives to your new indie-electro sound? TB: Primarily, we have been less interested in post-rock. Chrissy and I have been playing for almost two years as a duo performing our post-rock material, and the shows just aren’t energetic. They’re not that exciting. So we had kind of lost interest in playing that type of music live. At the same time, we’re starting to listen to a lot more electronic music, so that was sort of a natural progression. CM: We’re getting more excited
about the electronic aspects. The shows are definitely more participatory than just a post-rock band that you kind of just stare at. How do you like operating your music career in Chicago? TB: I know Chicago is one of the larger music cities in the U.S., but for us it’s been kind of an easy progression from starting at local bars and clubs and going up from there. It’s fun to get to know more and more bands throughout the city, and it feels like we’re playing on one team rather than a big competition. What made you decide to work with Carl Saff, the Chicago mixing engineer who has worked with bands such as Touché Amoré, How to Dress Well and Starf----r?
TB: We had been mastering with various engineers in the last few years, but we were looking for someone who worked with bands that are in our vein but also for bands that we respect and records that we liked, so we called Carl. What about adulthood has inspired your most recent album? TB: With our recent full-length [LP], the central theme is youth and adulthood, like the newer generation being ushered in as the older generation gets ushered out. In some of the songs, they just reference that whole energy and others kind of draw parallels in other aspects— rebellion, revelations—those ideas got woven around as well. What are you working on now? TB: We’re trying to take the time to work on new material. We have about four new songs we’ve been working on. Some of it’s back-tothe-’80s, but we just love that type of texture. That’s just what we’re into, [and] that just happens naturally. CM: It’s a progression. We’re drawing on slightly different references—some of the songs might have a little Phil Collins [in] them … Now we’re working to combine shoegaze, post-rock and electro-pop. Visit Facebook.com/WhenCloudsAttack for more information.
Photo courtsey GLITTER GUTS
From left: Chrissy Parisi, Cameron Moore and Todd Baran, along with Andy Angelos (not pictured) make up Chicago’s four-piece electro-rock band When Clouds Attack, which formed in 2008. 28 • January 28, 2013
January 28, 2013 • 29 Arts & CulTURE
Artist’s obsession with Twinkies spans four decades by Martin Griffith Associated Press ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
LONG BEFORE HOSTESS Brands’
plan to shut down made Twinkies the rage, Nancy Peppin found something special about the creamfilled snack cakes. No, she doesn’t have a sweet tooth for them. But she has featured Twinkies in hundreds of pieces of quirky, satirical artwork because of an obsession with what she calls the “ultimate American food icon.” The prolific Reno, Nev. artist said she was first influenced to focus on Twinkies in 1975 by Andy Warhol, who demonstrated that even a Campbell’s soup can could be an object of art. “He showed you a new way of looking at a familiar object,” said Peppin, who has sold and exhibited her artwork. “That’s what I’m doing with Twinkies. I’m having people look at Twinkies in a brand new way and in an entertaining way.” Shortly after Hostess Brands Inc. announced plans to go out of business last year, Peppin was among those who joined the rush to stores to fill shopping carts with boxes of the spongy cakes. But unlike others, she didn’t buy 12 boxes with 10 Twinkies each to
turn a profit on eBay or Craigslist. “I needed art supplies,” said Peppin, who uses Twinkies and their packaging to create some of her pieces. She also features renderings of the snack cakes in watercolor paintings, mixed media, prints and other artwork. Her works include her “Twinkies in history series,” which portrays how scientists such as John James Audubon, Charles Darwin and Leonardo da Vinci would have sketched and written about Twinkies in journals or books. Peppin, an Oakland, Calif., native who earned a bachelor’s degree in anthropology from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1966, conducted extensive research to make the series seem as authentic as possible.
I’m having people look at Twinkies in a brand new way.” —Nancy Peppin Her Audubon series on the “North American Twinkie (twinkopus hostus)” includes illustrations of three
“important subspecies, Cream-bellied Twinkie, Strawberry-throated Twinkie, Golden-backed Twinkie” as well as writings describing the “birds” and explaining their migration patterns. “Twinkies radiate out from the spring St. Louis breeding area to the summer nesting habitats throughout the world. Populations are heaviest in the North American 7-11 meridian,” she wrote. St. Louis and 7-Eleven stores both share a long history with Hostess and its brands. She updated the Audubon series after Hostess shut down operations in November. “It went from being the most popular snack cake in the world to sudden extinction due to consumption by raptors — capitalist vultures (cathartes wallstreetidae).” Her painting titled “The Last Snack” is a takeoff of da Vinci’s “The Last Supper” but with Twinkies, Ding Dongs, Ho Hos and other Hostess products at a table with the same arrangement and background as da Vinci’s classic. Her parody of a “girly” calendar from an auto body shop features a partially undressed “Miss Twinkie” standing next to her Harley. The artwork reflects the offbeat sense of humor of a woman who by
Photo illustration James Foster THE CHRONICLE
Using Twinkies, Peppin sometimes recreates famous artworks, such as da Vinci’s “The Last Supper.”
day creates special effects animation for Reno-based International Game Technology, one of the world’s largest slot machine makers. Steven High, executive director of the John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art in Sarasota, Fla., said he finds Peppin’s artwork—and use of Twinkies as a metaphor to explore various subjects—clever, humorous and imaginative. “In some ways, she takes this kind of silly item and treats it as a cultural artifact and imagines it as a subject of scientific studies,” he said. “She’s an excellent illustrator and the way she pulls these [works] together is amazing. They’re fascinating and draw you in, even though the subject matter
is unusual.” Peppin foresees no end to her obsession. With many potential buyers lined up for Hostess brands, Twinkies will survive into the future, she said. Hostess is expected to announce a bidder for Twinkies and its other snack cakes this month. Other interested parties will be able to make competing offers once the top bid is announced. “It’ll become a mutation, but it’ll perpetuate the species,” Peppin said. “There are all sorts of history applications that I haven’t exhausted, like Twinkies being found in the ruins at Pompeii.” email@example.com
INVITE YOU TO A SPECIAL ADVANCE SCREENING OF
Stop by the ofﬁces of the Columbia Chronicle located at 33 East Congress, Suite 224 • Chicago, IL 60605
for your chance to win a pass for two to the special advance screening on Tuesday, January 29. No purchase necessary. While supplies last. A limited number of passes are available on a ﬁrst-come, ﬁrst-served basis. Limit one admit-two pass per person. Screening passes valid strictly for Columbia College Chicago students, staff, and faculty only and are distributed at the discretion of the promotional partner. Those that have received a screening pass or promotional prize within the last 90 days are not eligible. This ﬁlm has been rated PG-13.
IN THEATERS FEBRUARY 1 www.warmbodiesmovie.com
January 28, 2013 • 29 COLUMBIA CHRONICLE MONDAY, JANUARY 28 5x8
The Columbia Chronicle
30 • January 28, 2013
blog Tacky Beyonce Need a safe place to release your inner resentment over Beyonce’s pre-recorded Presidential Inauguration performance? Though we can all try to forget Beyonce’s Destiny’s Child years, the head-to-toe printed pantsuits are simply too tacky to ignore. No, Beyonce, an off-the-shoulder fur-trimmed corset is not high fashion. Neither is a denim jumpsuit.
video Cat Meets Snow Have you ever had the innocent desire to watch a cat explore the snow? For the shameless few who are willing to admit it, there is no need to battle freezing temperatures to do so. Remove those face masks and open your laptops for this mindless Internet hit. Watch as a naive feline experiences curisoity, fear and uninhibited happiness. Cat lovers, this is for you.
Lindsey Woods // Managing Editor
Heather Schröering // Editor-in-Chief
Sophia Coleman // Managing Editor
More believable lies Manti Te’o could have told
Things that should stay in 2012
Most delicious hot sauces
Penis size: Unless he was planning on going all Brett Favre and sending some not-safe-for-work photos of his man meat to his [fake] girlfriend, it would be pretty hard for the media to expose this lie.
“Kony 2012”: Aside from the obvious reason here, “Kony 2012” spurred another tragedy about a little-known organization that rose to the top, then turned around and took a dirty, dirty poop all over itself, pretty much in a one-week span. Whoops.
Cholula Hot Sauce: Cholula is my homegirl. There’s something about its vibrant red-orange hue and delicate spiciness that gets me all hot and bothered. I’ll have it with my breakfast, lunch and dinner, no matter what the food is. Cholula courses through my veins.
YOLO: It’s to 2012 what WWJD was to 1998, but instead of embroidered cloth bracelets, people sport the phrase “You Only Live Once” in the form of tattoos, genital piercings and Instagram photos of their wasted friend running naked in the snow wearing a horse mask. Clearly, our society has become progressively more morally responsible.
Sriracha Chili Sauce: All hail the rooster sauce! Though I have no idea why the bird is the symbol for this slow-burning sauce, I am 100 percent certain it makes any chicken dish infinitely better. I especially like eating it on chicken fried rice…or just slurping it by the cup. Yeah, I breathe fire. Rooster fire.
SAT score: If he thought he would get away with lying about having a girlfriend, his scores probably weren’t that good in the first place. Ladies love a strong, smart man. Perhaps if he had lied about his score, he could have scored with a real woman. Religion: I mean, he could actually be lying about this, although Mormonism is pretty hard to fake (no coffee or alcohol?!). But you can’t be exposed as a religious fake. No one can go in your head and prove you aren’t a believer. Not even DeadSpin. Weight: Linebackers are notoriously beefy, so why not add a couple of pounds to the scale to exaggerate the intimidation factor? No one checks the scale to confirm those numbers, and, even if they did, he could just blame the extra numbers on normal weight fluctuation (not that I do that ever). His “number”: C’mon. I don’t mean the number on his jersey. While I’m pretty sure it’s zero, because you can’t have sex with an imaginary person, this is yet another lie that’s hard to prove/disprove. Plus, Notre Dame athletes are already notorious for lying about their sex lives, particularly their non-consensual encounters.
Mitt Romney: Though I’ll look back at my 2012 memory binder and think of your exudative anachronism fondly, please stay only a memory. Taylor Swift’s relationships: But I’m sure we’ll be hearing about them again on her next single, “You’re A D**k But I Really Really Really Wanted To Get Back Together (Harry Styles).” Gangnam Style: The Night Cheesie’s Pub & Grill interrupted Queen’s “We Are The Champions” midsong to play “Gangnam Style” was the moment a tiny embryo of hatred began to grow within me. Now at the fetal stage, my abhorrence for this song nauseates me on a regular basis, and I will soon give birth to a monstrous bundle of rage, after which I expect major postpartum, as the song unfortunately continues to top the charts in 2013.
Tabasco Pepper Sauce: I cannot express how happy I am that I now have a gallon-sized bottle of this peppery juice sitting on my desk, thanks to Lindsey and Heather. I’m perfectly ok if the silverdollar-sized opening of the bottle unleashes a flowing river of heat onto my burrito bowl. Whoever said things are best enjoyed in moderation clearly doesn’t know the wonders of Tabasco. Tapatio Hot Sauce: I’ve heard that Tapatio is Cholula’s greatest rival, but I think the world would be a better place if they called it even. Just imagine how delicious their offspring would taste. La Costena Salsa Verde: How could I forget my favorite green sauce? I especially enjoy this sauce during breakfast. It gives any egg dish the kick it needs to satisfy me until my hot sauce fix, which usually comes a few hours later via hygienic needle.
‘Neighbouring Sounds’ taps privileged paranoia by Sam Flancher Film Critic ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
“NEIGHBOURING SOUNDS” BEGINS
inauspiciously as a girl rollerblades through a Brazilian neighborhood while the camera glides in effortless pursuit. From this point on, Brazilian critic-turned-filmmaker Kleber Mendonça Filho’s characters are observed from a distance as they occupy the camera’s elegantly static compositions. Though the film is a work of fiction, the naturalism achieved through minimal camera movements suggests real life surveillance. The film is unconventional in its approach, with no overarching drama to drive any kind of story forward, yet it still manages to create a profound portrait of class dynamics in a city neighborhood. Set in the newly prosperous Brazilian city of Recife, the film chronicles the daily activities of a burgeoning upper middle class: A condo board meets to discuss a 30 • January 28, 2013
doorman sleeping on the job, a man accuses his cousin of theft, a maid takes her employer’s laundry to the cleaners and a woman is frustrated with her neighbor’s barking dog. Such activities may seem mundane, but they generate a tension and sense of upper middle class paranoia that drives the film forward in the absence of a plot. A pivotal event occurs when the neighborhood hires a private security team to protect its streets at night. The characters believe their possessions and way of life are under attack—a notion further reinforced by the neighborhood’s close proximity to a less-advantaged part of town. This poverty-stricken area isn’t a danger to these people, but it serves as a moral reminder that their wealth comes at the expense of others. Similarly, much of the film’s dialogue is between employers and their servants who are ever-present and incessantly ordered around.
“Neighbouring Sounds” opens on Feb. 1 at Chicago’s Gene Siskel Film Center, 164 N. State St.
They, like the neighboring slums, serve as a reminder that affluence also disenfranchises.
The sense of realism is enhanced by a static camera that never invades the action with a sudden close
up or a dramatic, sweeping pan. The film’s lush soundscapes also do their part to create a convincing atmosphere. Birds chirping, cars quietly moving, dogs barking and neighbors yelling can all be heard throughout. The density of the soundtrack is part of its quiet build. In contrast to the restrained technique, subtle outbursts of rage can be noted such as when the woman who’s upset about a barking dog resorts to poisoning the animal. The film’s accurate portrayal of festering resentment and deep-seated paranoia allows it to deal with archetypal political truths. The artistry of “Neighbouring Sounds” lies in how it harnesses class conflict and uses it to assert the relative instability of such social organization. “Neighbouring Sounds” opens Feb. 1 at the Gene Siskel Film Center, 164 N. State St. firstname.lastname@example.org
January 28, 2013 • 31 Arts & CULTURE
THIS IS GOLD. Nicccccceeee. Tolerable.
Uhmmm, wut? No—just no.
“Django Unchained” Following the typical Quentin Tarantino canon of gore, grit and over-exaggeration, Django Unchained pays homage to heroic Western B-Movies and plays very loosely with history. The movie showcases Tarantino’s talent for devising pragmatic yet intriguing characters and flawlessly scripted dialogue. —H. Unkefer
“Liberal Arts” Follow the adventurous path of 35-year-old art school alum Josh Radnor as he re-evaluates life philosophy with far-out Zac Efron. On a search for romance and intelligence, Radnor demonstrates how to gently reject a caring 19-year-old student and hook up with a spiteful 55-year-old professor. —L. Schulz
“Girls” season 2 Because the new year is all about trying new things, and because I am not a fan of girl talk at all, I was shocked by how quickly I related to and sped through the first season of HBO’s “Girls.” The second season began on Jan. 23, giving me a new show to look forward to on Sunday nights.. —K. Rich
“Washington Heights” Just when you thought you couldn’t get enough of MTV’s attempt to highlight ethnic communities, here comes “Washington Heights:” a look into New York City’s Dominican community. Drama, sex and “the hustle” are on the menu, as eyes peer into the neighborhood I’ve always known is a hidden gem. —T. McDermott
“We, The Drowned” by Carsten Jensen War, love, a shrunken head and a special pair of boots electrify the action of Carsten Jensen’s novel, “We, the Drowned.” The book details tales of sailing and the sea through the collective eyes of the Danish port town Marstal from the 1830s until the end of World War II. —J. Foster
“The Cursing Mommy’s Book of Days” by Ian Frazier She is not afraid to curse, drink, scream and, most importantly, be honest about the challenges that accompany motherhood. You don’t have to be a mom or a woman to sympathize and laugh along with the cursing mommy, created by Ian Frazier, a staff writer for the New Yorker. —A. Sanchez
Echo Magazine The most recent issue of Echo was thoughtful and inviting. It answered questions I have wondered for years but was too lazy to Google, while introducing me to people and cultures I wouldn’t have otherwise met. The writers and editors should be proud of their sleek, creative product. —A. Kukulka
“The Emperor of all Maladies” by Siddhartha Mukherjee
“Suit & Tie” (Featuring Jay-Z) by Justin Timberlake His first original track since 2006, “Suit & Tie,” features Jay-Z and a full line of new sounds. While it has received mixed reviews, it begins to grow on you after a few listens. The track has soul, a great melody and a sexy feel but also carries a swagger Timberlake’s fans know and love. —K. Gebhardt
“Kidz Bop 23” As if “Gangnam Style” wasn’t obnoxious enough, try listening to it performed by 50 kids. It’s always going to be awkward combining censored Top 40 tracks with young children, so why bother? A mousey showtunes chorus, collectively squeaking out a Rihanna song, is quite possibly the only thing worse than “Glee.” —E. Ornberg
Rebelution I refuse to allow stereotypical stoners to ruin good reggae music for me. Bob Marley isn’t all the genre has to offer. Rebelution is a band I listen to year round, but its music helps make summer feel like summer and makes me excited for June during the colder months. —M. Fischer
“Girls” by Santigold The newest single from Santigold, created for the HBO series “Girls,” is a fast-paced, high-pitched song with a message of girl power that can’t be ignored. Santigold fuses hard-hitting beats with witty rap lyrics and a catchy chorus. When you’re exhausted, this is the perfect song to wake you up.—T. Walk-Morris
Tabasco Sauce One can never have enough Tabasco sauce. My true friends know that I put that s--t on everything. To my overwhelming joy, my best friends and co-workers, Heather and Lindsey, bestowed upon me a glorious, gallon-sized bottle of McIlhenny Co. Pepper Sauce. Dreams really do come true. —S. Coleman
Super Bowl I’m a little bitter about my predictions being wrong, but with a teary Ray Lewis and two Harbaugh brothers, Super Bowl XLVII should be dramatic in all the right ways. I predict the Ravens will prevail over the 49ers, 31–24. I also predict Lewis will cry either way. —L. Woods
Losing the No. 145 bus No buses venture down my block now that the days of the No. 145 route are past. Before the CTA cut the service in December, I could speed downtown in 20 minutes flat. But now, I’m forced to walk an extra three blocks to take the always crowded and never convenient No. 146. Downgrade. —K. Fowler
Temple Run 2 This sequel to the popular Indiana Jones-esque running and jumping game features improved graphics and design, more power-ups and a slew of new obstacles to face, including a mine cart level. If you like swiping and tilting your iPad, Temple Run 2 is sure to please. —T. Davis
A crash course in 4,000 years of cancer history, this book reads like a novel. The author treats cancer more like a person than a disease, chronicling significant events in its discovery and treatment, and by the end, I felt like I knew cancer firsthand. It’s a weird but impacting effect. —E. Earl
January 28, 2013 • 31
Monday, January 28, 2013
The Columbia Chronicle CAMPUS EDITORIAL
Columbia needs common space for students MANY CAMPUSES FEATURE one primary facility specifically geared toward bringing students together, such as a dining hall, a student center or a quad. Columbia’s lack of such spaces may be the reason some students feel there is a social schism between departments. Other urban campuses like DePaul University have areas devoted to student social interaction. Roosevelt University recently built a skyscraper filled with student facilities. There’s no reason Columbia can’t have a space for everyone, as well. Currently, Columbia doesn’t have many large, student-centered spaces that aren’t department-specific. Most campus buildings have facilities and study areas devoted to students within their department, but there aren’t enough spaces for students to congregate, besides the Underground Cafe in the Alexandroff Campus Center, 600 S. Michigan Ave., the Conaway Center, 1104 S. Wabash Ave., and the Loft, 916 S. Wabash Ave., all of which feature little more than simply tables, chairs and computers. The board of trustees is considering building a student center, according to Matthew Case, student representative to the board. One of the potential locations is the space occupied by the current library in the South Campus Building, 624 S. Michigan Ave., which will be vacant after a new library moves into Columbia’s most recent property purchase, the Johnson Publishing Co. Building, 820 S. Michigan Ave. Another possibility is constructing a student center on the property occupied by Columbia’s underutilized bike lot at Wabash Avenue and Eighth Street.
Such a space could promote a sense of community that Columbia lacks, as long as it has features that would draw students away from their departmental buildings, such as food, entertainment or creative tools like studios and performance spaces open to everyone. Open access amenities would differentiate the space from the creative facilities existing in different departments that are only accessible to students enrolled in that department. For instance, the Photography Department’s Digital Lab is only open to students enrolled in photography classes. Having creative tools, such as recording studios or rehearsal spaces, available for use by students of all majors could attract a lot of interest and promote cross-departmental collaboration, something many within the college have been striving for. Ideally, a student center would also be open late to give students who live on campus or have night classes a place to gather, collaborate and study after hours. DePaul’s student center is open until 1 a.m., and Loyola University Chicago’s study lounge is open 24 hours. If such a project were approved, the student body would hopefully be surveyed to determine students’ expectations for their new space. While the college promotes building “creative possees” and collaborating with students in other departments, it lacks a central space to create these bonds. A student center, if built with input from students, could be a positive step toward improving campus culture by encouraging interdepartmental communication and perpetuating creative relationships. EDITORIAL BOARD
Board Members: Tyler Davis Commentary Editor Tyler Eagle Assistant Campus Editor Will Hager Assistant Metro Editor Emily Ornberg Arts & Culture Editor
Kyle Rich Social Media Editor Carolina Sanchez Photo Editor Heather Schröering Editor-in-Chief Corey Stolzenbach Copy Editor
Did you catch a mistake, think we could have covered a story better or believe strongly about an issue that faces all of us here at Columbia? Why not write a letter to the editor? At the bottom of page 2, you’ll find a set of guidelines on how to do this. Let us hear from you.
—The Columbia Chronicle Editorial Board
32 • January 28, 2013
A ‘Monster’ of an ordinance ALDERMAN EDWARD BURKE (14th Ward) proposed an ordinance banning the sale of energy drinks within city limits during a Jan. 17 Chicago City Council meeting, arguing that the drinks are unhealthy, especially for young consumers. The ordinance cites a Food and Drug Administration report alleging that Monster Energy drinks have caused five deaths since 2009. The FDA has also received reports of health incidents related to other energy drinks. While such beverages can be dangerous, five reported deaths in four years is not a legitimate cause for such extreme regulation, considering cigarettes are responsible for 443,000 deaths per year nationwide, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the regulation Burke is proposing is much harsher than current tobacco regulations. The proposed ordinance specifically names Red Bull, Monster Energy, Rockstar and 5-Hour Energy, but it would also ban the sale of any drink containing 180 milligrams of caffeine per container or any amount of guarana or taurine,
staple ingredients in most energy supplements. Those caught selling energy drinks would be fined $100–$500 under Burke’s proposal. The fine for selling cigarettes to minors is $200 in Illinois for the first offense. Consuming energy drinks isn’t healthy, but smoking, drinking alcohol and eating certain foods aren’t healthy either. Some of the more potent energy drinks should be regulated like cigarettes, with more prominent warning labels and a minimum age for purchase. Banning them outright would be inconsistent with current regulations on consumable products, and consumers could resort to smuggling. An energy drink ban may be ridiculous, but it is not unprecedented. In September 2012, New York City passed a ban on the sale of “sugary drinks” exceeding 16 ounces in restaurants, according to CNN.com. Such measures could make the population healthier, but they come at the expense of personal choice and responsibility. Many legal products are unhealthy
in large doses, but the responsibility to maintain a healthy diet must fall on the individual. The proposed ordinance does, however, mention that some energy drinks are marketed as dietary supplements, allowing energy drink companies to avoid adhering to soft drink regulations. An ordinance, or federal law, requiring energy drink manufacturers to provide more health information on labels would make a lot more sense than banning the beverages. Ill. Sen. Dick Durbin asked the FDA last year to investigate the health risks of energy drinks and, among other things, regulate how the drinks are labeled, according to the senator’s website. Banning energy drinks would be unfair to consumers and beverage companies if other potentially dangerous products remain on the shelves. Should the FDA find that there are serious, previously unseen concerns with energy drink consumption among young people, then perhaps they should be regulated by imposing age restrictions rather than banning them outright. NATIONAL EDITORIAL
Hagel appointment troubling for gay rights PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA’S
choice for secretary of defense, Chuck Hagel, has created controversy for a number of reasons, one being the former Nebraska senator’s stance on LGBT issues. Several past instances in Hagel’s political career have raised eyebrows, including voting twice against including sexual orientation in the definition of a hate crime, once in 2000 and again in 2002, according to OnTheIssues. org. He also received a score of zero from the Human Rights Campaign in 2006, indicating an anti-gay voting record. Then there are the comments Hagel made in 1998 regarding a hearing to confirm James Hormel, an openly gay diplomat, as an ambassador. At the time, Hagel told the Omaha World-Herald he believed someone who is “openly, aggressively gay” shouldn’t represent the country in a diplomatic post, according to a Dec. 22, 2012, Omaha World-Herald article about
the controversy this has created. Hagel has since apologized, but it came last December after the announcement that he was to be appointed to Obama’s second-term cabinet, according to a Dec. 21 Washington Post article. Normally, an apology might be satisfactory enough to let his confirmation continue with little objection, but this is a key moment for gay rights in the military. Hagel would be overseeing armed forces still adjusting to 2011’s repeal of Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell, and he would be fielding concerns of if and how the military plan to secure further equality for its personnel. His past insensitive statements aren’t enough to say he shouldn’t serve in Obama’s cabinet, but his commitment to equality is an issue that should be questioned as he leads the nation’s armed forces. For example, because the federal government doesn’t recognize same-sex marriages, neither does the military, meaning that the
spouses of gay members of the armed forces do not receive the same benefits as heterosexual spouses, according to the Human Rights Campaign’s website. Hagel will likely adhere to Obama’s policies regarding gays in the military, but now is the time to have someone in the Pentagon who will push for equal rights. He should be forced to address his record and current views on gay rights during his Jan. 31 confirmation hearing. In a January letter to Sen. Barbara Boxer (D–Calif.), Hagel said he would do “everything possible to the extent permissible under current law to provide equal benefits to the families of all our service members.” Would he advocate a change in laws to extend full benefits to same-sex couples in the military? There is no reason to think Hagel will undo the progress the military has made toward equality, but whether he will fight for more is questionable.
January 28, 2013 • 33 COMMENTARY
It’s none of your damn business
by Kaley Fowler Copy Chief ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
JODIE FOSTER’S ALMOST coming out speech during the Jan. 13 Golden Globes left many viewers wishing she hadn’t brought up her romantic inclinations at all. No one would have been surprised if the notoriously secretive actress avoided addressing rumors about her sexual orientation that have followed her for decades. Instead,
she ambiguously alluded to her sexuality, inciting waves of backlash and confusion, ultimately raising the question of what it actually means to come out of the closet. As she gave her acceptance speech for the Cecil B. DeMille award for lifetime achievement, Foster, who in 2007 announced she was in a relationship with actress Cydney Bernard without identifying as a lesbian, spoke highly of her former partnership with Bernard and their “modern family,” but she did not use terms like “gay” and “lesbian,” omissions that have triggered some criticism. Although Foster’s sexual orientation may be one of the worst kept secrets in Hollywood, she shouldn’t be expected to broadcast that she’s a lesbian simply for the sake of labeling herself. The decision to come out of the closet is unnecessarily dramatized and often expected to result in some grand production signifying one’s open
Coming out of the closet is a deeply personal decision that no one should feel pressured into.
devotion to the LGBT cause. But that shouldn’t be the point. As Foster emphasized during her speech, coming out is a personal announcement that should be made on one’s own terms before an audience of that person’s choosing. “I hope you’re not disappointed that there won’t be a big comingout speech tonight because I already did my coming out about a thousand years ago, back in the Stone Age, in those very quaint days when a fragile, young girl would open up to trusted friends, and family, and coworkers and then, gradually, proudly to everyone who knew her, to everyone she actually met,” Foster said. In a Jan. 14 post on Advocate. com, an LGBT news organization, Editor-in-Chief Matthew Breen condemned Foster’s refusal to blatantly announce her lesbianism, arguing that celebrities can only be considered out of the closet once they announce their sexual orientation in a public forum. Despite having the ability to address the public on national television, the validity of a celebrity’s coming out cannot be measured by the span of his or her audience, contrary to Breen’s assertion. Just because one has the platform to confide an intimate secret to the
world, it doesn’t mean sharing is an obligation. While Foster’s celebrity status certainly makes it difficult to keep such details of her personal life private, she shouldn’t be heckled into sharing for the sake of keeping the public’s curiosity at bay. Karen Ocamb, news editor of Frontiers magazine, an L.A.-based LGBT publication, said in a Jan. 14 post on her news blog, LGBTpov. com, that Foster lacks humanity for not seizing the moment as an opportunity to come out to raise awareness about the gay movement and to inspire confused LGBT youth. Regardless of the potential outcome of her speech, Foster shouldn’t be judged or patronized for not volunteering to be a posterchild for LGBT advocacy. While Foster serves as the latest example of a celebrity charged with failing to adequately draw positive attention to the LGBT movement by coming out, she is certainly not the only one. Other public figures, like musician Ricky Martin, American Idol runner-up Clay Aiken and CNN Anchor Anderson Cooper, have outed themselves in recent years after enduring relentless tabloid speculation and fielding rumors about their homosexuality. While
Dress like a man
by Justin Moran Assistant Arts & Culture Editor ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
THE FASHION INDUSTRY has historically lent greater stylistic freedom to womenswear designers, who are free to confidently explore masculinity from season to season. Classic menswear staples such as three-piece suits, button-ups and lace-up Oxfords have all become an integral part of women’s wardrobes with neither question nor criticism from society—but the same cannot be said for menswear. Standard silhouettes and staples within men’s fashion have remained stagnant throughout the past century, making a change
in this menswear monotony both imperative and inevitable. It is rather curious how society is far more accepting of a woman sporting the same blazer as a passing man, than if the two were to be wearing matching skirts. Though a menswear-as-womenswear trend began during World War I, signs are suggesting a similar development for the opposite now. We may be 100 years late, but one designer is finally exploring gender homogenous realms within menswear on a mainstream platform, perhaps indicating that 2013 will be the year of rejecting gender norms and embracing widespread liberation within male fashion. British designer J.W. Anderson presented on Jan. 9 his Fall 2013 menswear collection in London. Surrounded by big-name designers whose creations rely on simply redesigning old staples while making little artistic impact, Anderson’s collection demanded attention, showcasing 36 androgynous looks. Backed by rapper Angel Haze’s “Werkin’ Girls,” a fitting soundtrack, Anderson showcased what he described as his “second real menswear collec-
tion,” evidently ignoring his past presentations that lacked femininity. A pair of structured strapless jumpers in neutral tones served as the audience’s gateway to Anderson’s extreme vision. Although the strapless silhouette was blatantly feminine with ruffled trim along the bottom, the thick fabric and muted colors made it appropriate for menswear. The gender juxtaposition of shape and materials provided viewers just a mere taste of what was still to come. Within minutes, male models emerged on the runway sporting shockingly short-hemmed dresses—a rare narrative in runway write-ups on menswear. These looks were so feminine they easily could have been left over from his pre-fall 2013 womenswear line. Although the audience of elite editors, stylists and bloggers appeared typically unfazed, the line’s brilliance was overwhelming. The most fearless piece was a taupe sleeveless, crew neck minidress that confidently upturned mainstream codes of gender. It was a reinvention of The Little Black Dress, but for men, with as much impact as it originally had in
1926. Tears should have been falling; fashion enthusiasts should have been fainting. It was that revolutionary. While this isn’t the first time the fashion world has seen such innovation, it may be the first time this androgyny has been presented for a marketable purpose. In the early 1970s, David Bowie expressed his femininity through Ziggy Stardust, an alter ego that caught the public’s eye. With bright orange hair, sequin-covered leotards and towering platform heels, alongside visible masculine features, Bowie performed each night, binding the societal standards of both men and women. For Bowie, this behavior was simply an extension of his identity. For the general public, however, this was a show. Few men even considered attempting to imitate Ziggy Stardust because it seemed untouchable to the mainstream. Presented as a ready-to-wear collection, Anderson’s show paralleled Bowie’s artistry while pushing its accessibility. The balance here is groundbreaking because, unlike Bowie, Anderson intended for this androgyny to be imitated.
all three men eventually confirmed they are gay, they did it on their own terms when they believed the time was right, not because they thought it was their duty to raise awareness. “This was not supposed to happen 5 or 10 years ago. It is supposed to happen now,” Martin wrote in a March 2010 blog post on his website. “I am proud to say that I am a fortunate homosexual man. I am very blessed to be who I am.” Ultimately, coming out of the closet is a fragile announcement that shouldn’t be rushed by outside influence, nor should it be unnecessarily emphasized. Heterosexuals aren’t held responsible for publicly announcing their sexual inclinations, and LGBT persons shouldn’t be, either. As society gradually adopts a policy of equality for all, the expectation of an elaborate coming-out speech should be phased out as well. If people are truly concerned with promoting tolerance, then it’s time for the cultural fascination with who’s gay to become a trend of the past. Though people don’t choose their sexual orientation, they certainly can choose whether or not to share it. email@example.com
Will it be on the racks at Target? Probably not. But will it be filling the pages of mainstream menswear fashion magazines? Absolutely. The key to changing fashion’s gender injustices is infiltrating the mainstream male audience with the androgynous underground. Maybe such a drastic change won’t happen this year, but it is evident that Anderson has paved the way to reaching gender equality in fashion. “You’re more likely to want to sleep with a guy in jeans and a Tshirt,” Anderson said during a July 2012 interview with SHOWstudio. “But does that help an industry? I don’t think so. I think we have to push things. Things still have to be pushed because ultimately, in 10 years time, that will be normal.” Hopefully within 10 years, dressing like a man will entail casually throwing on Anderson’s Little Black Dress and walking to work in outfits matching female passersby. While the notion may sound ludicrous, our future is undeniably defined by the fearless few that push limits. firstname.lastname@example.org
What would you like to see in a student center on campus?
Small cubicles for studying for a big exam. You can isolate yourself from other people. You can’t really do that here.
I would like to see comfy couches, a TV, maybe a snack bar and games. If it’s a student center, you want a place to go and hang out. [I want to] find resources all in one place.
I’d like to see more Cinema Slapdowns so that people from different concentrations can go to those more often. It’s interesting to see people who aren’t in film talk about films.
Andy Buendia sophomore audio arts & acoustics major
Janet Rodriguez junior marketing communications major
Taylor Frontier senior film & video major
January 28, 2013 • 33
The Columbia Chronicle
34 • January 28, 2013
2013 PAULA F. PFEFFER & CHERYL JOHNSON-ODIM
Above: last year’s winning entry from Ariadne Humpal (BFA ’13) ATTENTION STUDENTS:
Are you an illustrator? Do you have your pulse on-and something to say about-the historical, cultural, and political issues taking place in the world?
Submit an original political cartoon for the 2013 Paula F. Pfeffer & Cheryl Johnson-Odim Political Cartoon Contest for your chance to win a cash prize. A panel of judges from various academic departments will select five cartoons from the pool of submissions, and then award cash prizes to the students who created them. The First Place winner will receive $550, Second Place will receive $450, Third Place will receive $350, and two Honorable Mention winners will each receive $250. In addition to cash prizes, all winners receive a certificate and will be honored at a reception on Tuesday, April 30, at the Columbia College Chicago Library.
Both single-panel and multi-panel cartoons are acceptable for this contest. Submitted cartoons must be drawn or printed on 8.5x11 white paper. Please include your full name, address, phone number, student ID number, and email address on the back of the entry. You can submit up to five cartoons, and you can win more than one prize if you submit more than one cartoon. HAND-DELIVER OR MAIL YOUR SUBMISSIONS TO:
Oscar Valdez Re: Political Cartoon Contest Department of Humanities, History, and Social Sciences 624 S. Michigan Ave. 10th floor, Suite 1000
For more information, visit colum.edu/PCC or contact Dr. Teresa Prados-Torreira, email@example.com or 312-369-7567.
THE DEADLINE TO SUBMIT CARTOONS IS WEDNESDAY, APRIL 3
34 • January 28, 2013
Monday, January 28, 2013
The Columbia Chronicle
Illinois receives failing marks for tobacco reform
Tax hike may lead to rise in cigarette smuggling by Elizabeth Earl Assistant Metro Editor
ILLINOIS HAS received praise from public health groups for raising its cigarette excise tax by a dollar last year, one expert predicts the tax hike will spur out-ofstate purchases and possibly even promote smuggling. In its State of Tobacco Control 2013 report released Jan. 16, the American Lung Association gave Illinois low scores in some categories, including a C in cigarette taxes on an A–F scale, but the state also was given a “thumbs-up” for raising taxes that came into effect in July 2012. “There is an incentive to buy your packs outside of Chicago and smuggle them into Chicago,” said Scott Drenkard, an economist for the Tax Foundation, a tax research group based in Washington, D.C. The Tax Foundation compiled a report this January comparing the 2011 smuggling rates among individual states. Illinois ranked 31st for that year, but the percentages were calculated based on the tax revenues before the 2012 tax increase. “Since the statewide increase of a
dollar a pack, my intuition tells me that smuggling will go up in Illinois as a result of that,” Drenkard said. “With a relatively small drive, you can save that much money by just driving to the suburbs and bringing them back in.” Still unknown is the effect the tax hike is likely to have on smokers in the 18–25-year-old age group, who make up 34.2 percent (11.7 million) of the nation’s smoking population, according to the Surgeon General’s Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults report released this January. This is an increase from the approximately 28 percent figure cited by the Centers for Disease Control in a 2008 survey, as reported by The Chronicle on May 9, 2011. Jesse Crochet, a junior graphic design major at Robert Morris University, said he has been smoking for about 1 1/2 years. Because of Chicago’s steep tax on cigarettes—$4.66 in the city, according to Drenkard—he said he purchases his cigarettes in his hometown in Texas and carries them back in a suitcase. “[I pay], like, $4 a pack,” Crochet said. “This time, I brought up three cartons with me, so that should be good until I go back [in May].” While smuggling for personal
Rena Naltsas THE CHRONICLE
The Surgeon General’s 2013 report says that youth smoking rates have risen despite a tax increase and anti-tobacco movement campaigns.
consumption is fairly common, Drenkard said the larger, more organized form of smuggling cigarettes is troubling. New York City has already begun to see a formation of smuggling rings that lead to violent crime and the sale of cigarettes to minors, he said.
Pollution plagues Great Lakes by Angelica Sanchez Assistant Metro Editor ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
TOXINS IN THE surface waters of the Great Lakes increased by 12 percent between 2010 and 2011, according to the annual Toxic Inventory report released by the U.S. Environmental Agency, released Jan. 16. According to the EPA, the sources of this ecological challenge to the Great Lakes are sewage disposal and discharges of industrial waste waters containing toxic chemicals. The recent upswing in toxicity levels has caused alarm among some Great Lakes advocates, despite some reports indicating the second-lowest pollutant level in a decade. According to the EPA, the toxic releases in the lakes have decreased by approximately 40 percent since 2003. Olga Lyandres, research manager at Alliance for the Great Lakes, said the EPA’s recent findings do not present immediate health concerns, but the public must be vig-
ilant when it comes to preserving the lakes because the lakes are a major source of drinking water to surrounding areas. She explained that drainage from rain and irrigation and other sources of runoff collect in a pool underground called a basin, ultimately draining into the Great Lakes. It is the basin that is becoming more polluted with substances like nitrates and pesticides, common surface water pollutants from agricultural land and municipal wastewater treatment plants. “It’s concerning but not surprising,” said Joel Brammeier, president and CEO of the Alliance for the Great Lakes. “While the pro-longed term trend is down, we have to be really careful about backsliding to the ’60s and ’70s where we were confronting a host of problems that really threatened the future of the Great Lakes.” Brammeier said it’s the public’s responsibility to keep the lakes clean, and the focus should be on conserving the source water, not waiting to clean it once it’s polluted.
Pesticides that originate from residential properties often show up in reports, he said. The water in most Great Lakes communities is affected by what nearby property owners put in the ground, as well as chemical manufacturing and primary metals facilities. “What you put on your lawn, your gardens and into your pipes at home goes into a sewage system that eventually gets discharged into the Great Lakes … Many of those chemicals make it through the sewage treatment plant with out being cleaned out, so when you make a choice to limit the amount of chemicals that go into your garden or into your home, you are making a choice not to put those into the Great Lakes,” Brammeir said. Because Great Lakes pollution has decreased during the last few decades, the recent spike is no cause for alarm because the condition of the lakes has improved overall, according to Charles Shabica, a professor at Northeastern University and president of Shabica & Associates, Inc., an organization that
“It’s very profitable to buy cigarettes in Virginia then bring them into New York City and sell them,” Drenkard said. “The [tax] differential there is huge—several dollars. A lot of the tobacco control movement is to stop young smokers from picking up the habit. This is
the opposite of that. You’re incentivizing young smokers to get their cigarettes from places that are not asking for proper identification.” The 2012 tax increase was a response to both financial needs xx SEE SMOKE, PG. 40
Great Lakes Basin: Toxic release increase of 12% from 2010–2011 Great Lakes Basin: Toxic release decrease of 40% since 2003 Lakes Nation Wide: Toxic release decrease of 3% from 2010–2011 deals with coastal erosion. “I look at the long term, and the long term is things are getting better,” he said. However, Shabica believes the water should be cleaned up through sewage treatment plants. He explained that there are three kinds of sewage systems: primary, secondary and tertiary. Primary filters the water, secondary filters out bacteria and tertiary takes nutrients out. Most sewage treatment plants are primary and secondary because tertiary treatment is expensive, but
Michael Scott Fischer THE CHRONICLE
he said the tertiary method should be utilized in areas like the five Great Lakes. Shabica and his firm have worked closely with a few of the North Shore communities in Illinois by building wetland filter systems using plants that can uptake nutrients like nitrates, phosphates, pesticides and other toxins, like the ones found in the EPA report. The plants filter storm water before it reaches Lake Michigan, Shabica said. firstname.lastname@example.org January 28, 2013 • 35
The Columbia Chronicle
36 • January 28, 2013
Aldermen question O’Hare janitorial contract
Concerns arise after company violates city regulations by Angelica Sanchez Assistant Metro Editor
IN SEPTEMBER 2012, the city
awarded a five-year O’Hare International Airport janitorial contract to South Loop-based United Maintenance Co. Now, allegations against the company have prompted five aldermen to ask Chicago’s Inspector General to launch an investigation into United Maintenance and its practices. Recent Chicago Sun-Times reports revealed that the head of the company, Richard Simon, failed to disclose during the bidding process that he sold 50 percent of his company to investors in December 2011, a violation of a city regulation requiring bidders to provide up-to-date ownership information before bidding on public contracts. In a Jan. 16 letter to the Inspector General, five aldermen requested an investigation of the $99.4 million contract. “When we discovered that the ownership of United Maintenance was not what they had disclosed, we asked the Inspector General to investigate on the city side who knew what, because obviously the ownership of the business is very important when we are award-
ing a contract,” said Alderman Ricardo Muñoz (22nd Ward). Joining Muñoz in the complaint are aldermen Roderick Sawyer (6), Scott Waguespack (32), Nicholas Sposato (36) and John Arena (45). Mayor Rahm Emanuel has defended the contract and has no plans to void it, despite several protests in the months of November and December 2012, according to Emanuel spokesman, Tom Alexander. “From day one, we said that this is a fair and transparent procurement process,” Alexander said. When United Maintenance took over in December 2012, the company already servicing O’Hare, Scrub Inc., was ousted, leaving 300 workers without jobs, according to Laura Garza, secretary treasurer for Service Employees International Union Local 1. “Right before Christmas they lost their jobs, and it’s been devastating for them,” Garza said. Garza said the union was first concerned when reports of United Maintenance’s alleged mob ties surfaced in local newspapers and broadcast outlets, including an executive’s federal prison sentence for racketeering charges. “Our position is they violated the bid process and the mayor should put this up for bid,” Garza said. United Maintenance was asked to comment but declined. Howev-
Carolina Sanchez THE CHRONICLE
During a Nov. 9, 2012 protest, employees of Scrub Inc. urged Mayor Rahm Emanuel to reconsider awarding a $99.4 million O’Hare International Airport janitorial contact to United Maintenance Co. Now, that contract is under suspicion of violating city regulations.
er, in a Dec. 14, 2012 press release, United Maintenance claimed it would rehire more than 100 of the 300 Scrub Inc. employees who lost their jobs. The actual number of employees rehired thus far was 38, not 100, according to Izabela Miltko, communications specialist for SEIU Local 1. The press release also stated that United Maintenance would offer rehired employees greater benefits than Scrub Inc. One rehired employee, who chose to remain anonymous to avoid retribution, said United Maintenance has not yet followed through with
beer ‘n’ burger
those promises. “They still haven’t clearly talked to us regarding insurance,” the employee said. “We still don’t know how much it’s going to cost us, and they mentioned a pension plan, but they have yet to tell us about it.” The employee’s salary also decreased from $15.50 to $11.90 an hour, he said. In the Dec. 14 press release, United Maintenance said its employees are not represented by a union, but the company respects its employee’s rights to organize. In December, the Better Government Association was briefly involved in an investiga-
tion of the O’Hare contract. “The city says there is no conflict here, so case closed,” said Andy Shaw, president and CEO of The Better Government Association, in an email. “This comes up periodically and is handled differently every time. Our bottom line is that it creates the appearance of a possible conflict, and we’re a good government watchdog group, so that’s why we raised it. Now, it’s up to the administration or the inspector general to look at it and decide what’s what.” email@example.com
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January 28, 2013 • 37 METRO
D E AN D E B OR AH H. HOLD S TE I N ANNOUNC E S T H E S CH OOL OF LI BE RAL ART S AND S C I E NC E S D E AN’ S LECT URE
“DEFYING BOUNDARIES: BEING/BECOMING A 21ST CENTURY ARTIST”
AN E VENING WIT H E M M Y AWARD - WI N N I N G C O M PO S E R L A U R A K A R P M A N
THURSDAY, F E BRUARY 21, 5:30 P.M . T H E M USI C C E NTE R C ONC E RT HALL , 1014 S . M I C HIG AN AVE .
In light of the significant changes to media brought about by the digital revolution, why is it important for artists creating with modern technology to remain mindful of our analog past? How should today’s artists engage with the world in order to create work that reflects seismic shifts in culture and media consumption? Join Dean Deborah H. Holdstein for the Spring 2013 LAS Dean’s Lecture as she welcomes Emmy award-winning composer and educator Laura Karpman, who will share her thoughts on what it means to be an artist in the 21st Century. A Q&A will follow Karpman’s lecture, followed by a reception with food and refreshments. Sponsored by the Office of the Dean, School of Liberal Arts and Sciences, as well as Paul and Nancy Knapp. The Spring 2013 LAS Dean’s Lecture is Thursday, February 21, at the Music Center Concert Hall, 1014 S. Michigan Ave. The lecture begins at 5:30 p.m. and is free and open to the public, but seating is limited. RSVP to Allison Bretz by Monday, February 18, at firstname.lastname@example.org or 312.369.8217.
L AURA KARPMAN , PhD, is a four-time Emmy awardwinner who has scored music for a variety of media, including films, television, and video games. She is a visiting assistant professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, in the School of Theater, Film, and Television.
January 28, 2013 • 37
The Columbia Chronicle
38 • January 28, 2013
Local female veterans take sides on women in combat by Ellen Jean Hirst MCT Newswire •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
THE PENTAGON’S DECISION to give women
the chance to serve in front-line combat drew mixed reactions Jan. 23 from female veterans. Veterans such as U.S. Rep. Tammy Duckworth (D–Ill.)—the first woman injured in combat to be elected to national office when the Democrat ousted former Republican Rep. Joe Walsh in November 2012—applauded the move as a broadening of opportunities for women and said it will improve the nation’s armed forces. But several older veterans said most women are not physically strong enough to participate directly in combat. Duckworth fought in Iraq with the Illinois Army National Guard as a Black Hawk helicopter pilot, one of the few combat positions available to women at the time. She lost both her legs when a rocket-propelled grenade hit her helicopter in 2004. The Pentagon’s decision overturns a 1994 ruling that banned women from being assigned to smaller ground combat units. “The decision to allow women to serve in combat will allow the best man or woman on the front line to keep America safe,” Duckworth said in a Jan. 23 statement. “As a combat veteran, I know the inclusion of women in combat roles will make America safer and provide inspiration to women throughout our country.” Lizette Rhone, president of the Chicago chapter of the Women’s Army Corps Veterans’ Association, served during World War II. She joined in 1943 in hopes of being stationed overseas. But being black in the thensegregated military prohibited that, and she instead filled an administrative role in Missouri, she said. Rhone said some women would have jumped at the opportunity to serve in combat,
even during World War II. “I think it’s the type of career some women would look forward to,” said Rhone, 86. “Now, they have the opportunity to really just soar.” Rhone and Duckworth said women have served in combat zones, unofficially, for years. “You can’t believe that these women were in combat areas and never fired a gun and tried to protect themselves,” Rhone said. “We knew that [women] had been doing this.” Two other female World War II veterans, however, said they aren’t comfortable with the idea of women serving in combat. Yolanda Imhoff, 94, of Evanston, Ill., served as a sergeant in the Army Air Forces as a high-speed radio operator in Europe. She worries that women generally are not as strong as men and that women might be more vulnerable if they were captured. “They did teach us how to practice shooting a gun,” Imhoff said about her time in service. “We did have that. But as far as any combat, being my age, and what I saw and went through, I’m not sure I think women should be in combat.” Doris Dina, 88, of Chicago, also a World War II veteran, said she doesn’t think it’s a good idea for most women, but that it could work for some. “I appreciate the fact that some women are strong and they can handle combat,” Dina said. “I think it would be good for them. But not for people like myself.” David McArtin, of Round Lake, a 30-year Navy veteran, said it’s time women serve in combat. He understands that some, like Imhoff, fear women will be subjected to abuse. “That’s happening today,” McArtin said. “I think we need to accept these things will happen in combat...And not every woman is going to say, ‘This is for me.’ Not everyone in America serves.” email@example.com
Ting Shen THE CHRONICLE
Ill. Rep. Tammy Duckworth has voiced her support for the repeal of the law prohibiting women from holding combat positions.
38 • January 28, 2013
January 28, 2013 • 39 METRO
Illegal immigrants await green lights for temporary licenses by Will Hager Assistant Metro Editor ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
ILLINOIS IS ON the verge of becom-
ing the most populous state to allow undocumented immigrants to apply for temporary driver’s licenses in an effort to boost safety and reduce traffic accidents statewide. SB957 cleared both the Illinois Senate and House of Representatives, leaving it in the hands of Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn to decide whether to sign it into law. The legislation will be effective 10 months after it is signed, which Quinn has pledged to do, according to a Jan. 8 Chicago Sun-Times report. New Mexico and Washington state have both passed similar legislation, but Illinois would be the first state since 2003 to legitimize undocumented immigrant drivers if the legislation becomes law. Under the legislation, Illinois would allow a maximum of 250,000 immigrants to obtain licenses, a limit determined by the Illinois Coalition for Immigrant and Refugee Rights based on the number of unlicensed illegal immigrants living in the state. In 2010, there were 550,000 illegal immigrants living in Illinois, according to the U.S. census. Eric Rodriguez, executive director of the Latino Union of Chicago, said the bill would provide illegal immigrants peace of mind when it
comes to transportation. “For our constituency, it’s an opportunity for them to drive without the fear of being pulled over and not having a license, which can create a whole bunch of domino effects,” Rodriguez said. “For others, it’s about being able to travel and go to work without that fear.” Illegal immigrants who have been living in the state for a minimum of one year will be eligible to obtain a temporary driver’s license that will be valid for three years. According to the bill, the temporary licenses may not be accepted as proof of identity and cannot be used to purchase a gun, an airplane ticket or to enter a federal building. To obtain a license, undocumented immigrants will have to pay $30, show proof of insurance, provide a passport or consular ID and pass a written, visual and physical driving exam. The licenses carry the same legal weight as temporary visitor driver’s license that the state currently extended to individuals with legal immigration status. Nilda Esparza, executive director of the Little Village Chamber of Commerce, said some undocumented immigrants worry the special temporary licenses will make them susceptible to detainment, but she thinks the legislation is a
step in the right direction. “It’s hopeful knowing that these individuals can now drive to and from work safely,” Esparza said. “It was definitely assuring that things are being done at the policy level to move these issues forward.” In a Dec. 4 press release, Quinn said the bill encourages safety and will save Illinois motorists $46 million annually on insurance premiums. The Illinois Highway Safety Coalition estimates that unlicensed immigrant drivers are responsible for $64 million in damage claims each year, with unlicensed drivers accounting for 42 percent of all fatal crashes in Illinois. William Gheen, president of the Americans for Legal Immigration PAC, an organization focused on border security, said he opposes the bill because it would validate the presence of undocumented immigrants in the U.S. “Licenses for illegal aliens encourages more illegal immigration, legitimizes illegal aliens and helps them take American jobs [and] tax payer resources and other benefits that should be reserved for American citizens and legal immigrants,” Gheen said. Carolina Cruz, 2012 journalism major and former president of the National Association of Hispanic Journalists at Columbia, said illegal immigrants will not be assimi-
Carolina Sanchez THE CHRONICLE
Illinois may soon allow 250,000 illegal immigrants statewide to apply for temporary driver’s licenses.
lated into America until they have full citizenship. “For you to feel like you’re accepted by society, you have to feel like you’re really there, like you count, like your voice counts, like you matter,” Cruz said. “I think that won’t happen completely until all the millions of people who are undocumented finally have a pathway to citizenship.” Chicago’s immigration issues extend beyond the debate surrounding undocumented motorists, Rodriguez said. According to him, illegal immigrants endure a lack of human rights on a daily basis. “We have families and children coming to our doors crying in trauma because ... either the father or
mother are detained,” Rodriguez said. “Because it is not on the news every single day, we are not talking at all about human rights violations and this humanitarian crisis that’s happening.” The signing of the license legislation would go a long way in reshaping the public’s appreciation of new immigrants, according to Esparza. “We have to remember that our city was built by immigrants, [and] immigrants continue to maintain and sustain our local economy,” Esparza said. “I think being able to be a part of a bigger society would definitely change the public’s perception [of all illegal immigrants].” firstname.lastname@example.org
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January 28, 2013 • 39
The Columbia Chronicle
40 • January 28, 2013
Continued from Front Page ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
regulations. Paul Turner, director of marketing for the restaurant, said he expects the cafe’s first retail locations will enhance the CTA’s ambience. “It’s going to create a nice atmosphere, not only viscerally with our color scheme and making the station a little nicer and brighter, but the smells will be overwhelming because we are making things right there,” Turner said. Butterfield Kitchen will occupy two of more than 80 already occupied CTA retail spaces. Brian Nadig, chairman of the Jefferson Park Chamber of Commerce, said the arrival of Butterfield Kitchen and other businesses is good for the well-being of the Jefferson Park neighborhood. “I think it will help bring more
recognition to the terminal,” Nadig said. “I hope it can jump-start other revitalization. We have a lot of empty land and storefronts in the Jefferson Park business district, and any time we can get a nice new business, it is more than welcome.” Running a business from a CTA terminal does present problems, according to Pam Jacob, manager of Chicago Kernel, which currently occupies a two-person stand underground at a Chicago Red Line station. Jacob said being isolated from other businesses and pedestrian foot traffic has led to security issues. “You can get some scary people down there bothering you,” she said. Jacob said she had to schedule multiple workers per shift to prevent employees from being harassed. Chicago Kernel generates the majority of revenue from its pri-
mary location on State Street, Jacob said, adding that she could not imagine running her business solely out of the CTA. “I would not open a business down there if that was my only location,” she said. “We’re lucky that we have another location that is a main hub, and this is sort of an offshoot location. As somebody’s main business, I don’t see how they would be able to survive.” Dat Donut is another local business that recently acquired a CTA storefront, installing its third South Side location at the 95th Street Red Line station. The lease, which was approved in December, is estimated to generate $674,000 for the CTA during the 10-year contract, according to a Dec. 11 CTA press release. The influx of locally-owned businesses could be a result of the recovering economy, according to Kevin O’Neil, the blogger behind ChicagoNow’s CTA tattler. “Maybe it is a sign that the economy is improving, and you don’t need the backing of a major national franchise or a national corporation for a business to survive,” O’Neil said. “So you could have a local guy with his shiny business plan and a few thousand dollars, maybe you can make it.” firstname.lastname@example.org
Carolina Sanchez THE CHRONICLE
Chicago Transit Authority customers stand outside the closed storefront of Butterfield Kitchen’s new location at the Roosevelt CTA platform, 1167 S. State St.
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and public health concerns, said Susan Hofer, an Illinois Department of Revenue spokeswoman. She said much of the problem is that Illinois is surrounded by states that have lower tax rates.
ness to all of us, not just smokers,” said Kathy Drea, vice president of advocacy for the ALA in Illinois. “That 18–24 age group is a difficult age group. We are trying to target that age group to get that smoking prevalence rate down.” Crochet said he began bringing cigarettes back to Chicago with him after he got tired of paying the
Smoking is a very costly business to all of us, not just smokers.” – Kathy Drea Illinois also received F’s in the ALA’s report for its tobacco prevention control and spending and for its support of cessation programs. No state received above a C in its cessation funding, Drea said. The tax may already be reducing public health costs, according to Melaney Arnold, a spokeswoman for the Illinois Department of Public Health. “Anecdotally, we’ve seen that [the tax] has decreased the number of illnesses reported in hospitals for tobacco.” Arnold said Illinoisans who smoke 10 cigarettes per day will pay $6,500 during the course of five years under the current tax laws. Arnold added that public records state that 16,600 Illinoisans die annually because of smoke-related illnesses. “Smoking is a very costly busi-
extra tax. However, he said he did not notice a significant decrease in the number of smokers outside his residence hall when the tax went up. People buying cigarettes out of state for personal use are not a problem, Hofer said. “Our efforts have been focused on stopping large smuggling organizations,” she said “If I lived in Belleville [in southwestern Illinois] and worked in St. Louis and wanted to bring home a carton of cigarettes every couple of weeks, no one would argue about that. That’s personal use, and that’s perfectly legal. What we’re talking about is bringing in cases of cartons of cigarettes, and that’s what we’re seeking to stop.” email@example.com
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January 28, 2013 • 41 METRO
Kevin Gebhardt THE CHRONICLE
An abandoned building at 3757 S. Ashland Ave. caught fire the evening of Jan. 22. Fire fighters were able to extinguish the flames, but the blaze briefly rekindled around 6 a.m. the following morning. More than 200 firefighters battled the fivealarm fire as temperatures were in the single digits IN OTHER NEWS
Carpet of cash
They shoot sea lions
Rush hour drama
A local couple spent four months outfitting the 380-square-foot bedroom floor of their South Loop apartment with a carpet of cash, using approximately 60,000 pennies, according to NBC Chicago.com. The collection includes several rare pennies, including an 1873 indian head coin, which is worth enough to pay for the project. and a 1944 World War II steel penny. The project
On Jan 16., the Shedd Aquarium welcomed Cruz, a 21-month-old sea lion, who lost his eyesight after being shot in the face in Santa Cruz, Calif. in July 2012. According to the Shedd’s website, the aquarium took the sea lion in for rehabilitation. He will be completely dependent on trainers for food and safety cues, and the aquarium is to be his permanent home.
A Cicero man delivered his newborn in the backseat of his car at 8 a.m. on Jan. 23, ChicagoTribune.com reported. The man was driving his wife to the hospital when a nearby car fire and traffic jam interrupted their route to a hospital down Roosevelt Road. Two police officers arrived to help just as the man was delivering his new son, Aidan, in a gas station parking lot.
An unpublished Carl Sandburg poem was discovered Jan 16., in the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign’s Rare Book and Manuscript Library, according to the university’s website . The poem ,“Revolver,” is surprisingly timely in its handling of gun control issues. A retired professor discovered the work as he was entering text into a search database, and he noted that he had never heard of it.
Compiled by The Chronicle staff with information provided by the Chicago Police Department.
Owee A man caught his foot in an escalator at the Roosevelt Red Line Station, 1167 S. State St. on Jan. 21. An ambulance transported him to Mercy Hospital, where he refused medical treatment before being released. He later rode the bus home.
Pain and gain Four men filed a police report after they discovered their gym lockers broken into on Jan. 20. Police arrived at 818 S. State St. to report the missing items, which include credit cards, bank cards, a cell phone, keys and $531.
Stocking up Police responded to a call from a security officer at Target, 1154 S. Clark St. Jan. 23 after a woman was seen placing a bottle of Crown Royal whiskey and a bottle of Silver Crown tequila into a black Trader Joe’s bag. She was later arrested.
Not-so-safe A women told police she discovered her father’s combination safe was missing from their home on the 40th block of East 9th Street. The gray safe contained a watch and chain with a combined value of $9,500, as well as $14,000 in cash.
January 28, 2013 • 41
The Columbia Chronicle
42 • January 28, 2013
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January 28, 2013 • 43 BACK PAGES
Comics from Columbia’s best and brightest. Edited by Chris Eliopoulos
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Generously written for our readers by The Chronicle Staff
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ARIES (March 21-April 20) We all know what a cup of black coffee looks like, so stop Instagramming it, you doofus.
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TAURUS (April 21-May 20) Be careful what you eat because you are probably going to shart your pants. You’re due.
GEMINI (May 21-June 21) You know your roommate is eating all of your cookies, so might as well lick, then rub them in your armpits first. CANCER (June 22-July 22) Try something new, so you can abandon it quickly and dive even further into your bad habits. LEO (July 23-Aug. 22) You are probably going to wake up with a pulse, but if not, this doesn’t apply to you. VIRGO
(Aug. 23-Sept. 22) Contrary to popular belief, having an autumn birthday doesn’t give you an excuse to wear a panda on your head.
LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 23) If you aren’t showing up to “syllabus day” under the influence of something, you’re doing it wrong.
SCORPIO (Oct. 24-Nov. 22) Budget your money better this week, so you can finally afford to buy drinks for people who have no interest in you. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 23-Dec. 21) Continue to inspire and help out others…by giving more honest sushi reviews on Yelp.
CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 20) Mercury and Saturn are aligninment with your sign this week. It won’t affect you, but trust me, it’s going to be nuts.
AQUARIUS (Jan. 21-Feb. 19) A guy in your Monday class is going to make a ridiculous statement not backed up by fact. Take a deep breath and move on.
PISCES (Feb. 20-March 20) Your week will be full of wonderful surprises, unless you recently directed a movie based on Hansel and Gretel.
Puzzle by websudoku.com
January 28, 2013 • 43
Miguel Gutierrez and the Powerful People
Adler Planetarium free admission day 9:30 a.m.–4:00 p.m.
Hamburger Mary’s 5400 N. Clark St.
Adler Planetarium 1300 S. Lake Shore Drive
Studio BE 3110 N. Sheffield Ave.
Museum of Contemporary Art 220 E. Chicago Ave.
(773) 784-6969 $15 for 10 games; 21+
(312) 922-7827 FREE with Illinois ID
(773) 248-5900 $15
Temple of Boobs: An Indiana Jones Burlesque
Collegebound: the Musical of Life and Debt
(312) 280-2660 $28; $10 for students
Green City Market
Skating in the Sky
8:30 a.m.–1 p.m.
9 a.m. – 11 p.m.
Gorilla Tango Theatre 1919 N. Milwaukee Ave.
Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum 2430 N. Cannon Drive
John Hancock Observatory 875 N. Michigan Ave.
$24; skate rentals $1
Jan. 29, 1979
THE CHRONICLE’S TOP story this week in 1979 was a dramatic spike in enrollment for the 1978–1979 school year, with 2,858 students enrolling compared to 1,095 students who enrolled in the 1973–1974 academic year. The newspaper also reported an increase in faculty, as well as the number of female and black students.
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WEATHER AccuWeather.com Seven-day forecast for Chicago MONDAY
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we’ve got you covered. Milder with a bit of rain
Cloudy with a shower
Cloudy with rain possible
Snow showers possible
Partly sunny and colder
Clouds and sun; Overcast and cold Decreasing clouds very cold
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TWEETS OF THE WEEK
Eugene Mirman @EugeneMirman
Chronicle Instagram photo of the week
Just confirmed that @JuddApatow is writing the new Star Wars movie and that Paul Rudd will star as a surprisingly likeable Sith Lord.
i hope @johnkerry is as hilarious in his senate confirmation hearings as he was during the 2012 campaign. #secretaryofcomedy
About to click purchase on a deluxe garment steamer. Don’t be jelly, haters.
Jan. 25, 2013
Jallen @The_Jallen To the west, to the west. Everything you own in a wagon to the west #oregonTrail
» Police said a suicide bomber killed a minimum of 35 people and wounded many more at a funeral close to a mosque in Tuz Khurmatu, Iraq on Jan. 23, according to a Jan. 24 CNN.com article. Among those wounded were two senior Iraqi government officials.
» A CBS News article reported Jan. 23 that the Mexican Supreme Court voted to release Florence Cassez, a French native who was sentenced to 60 years in prison on kidnapping charges. According to the article, there were grievances that invalidated her previous guilty verdict.
» Fox News reported that the Greek government exercised emergency powers Jan. 24 to force striking subway workers to return to work or face dismissal, arrest and jail time. The employees had been striking for eight days after salary cuts. A court decision ruled their protest illegal.
JOHN COLETTE SPREADS peanut butter on the limbs of a park tree for city wildlife. “It takes all kind of things to make the earth,” Colette said. “For them not to have anything just isn’t right.
» Russian President Vladimir Putin’s approval rating is his lowest since June 2000, Huffington Post reported Jan. 24. The president’s approval rating is 62 percent, according to a Levada agency survey. The story reported those surveyed are questioning his ability to improve the country’s economic and living standards.