The Newsletter of St Antonyâ€™s College 2015
Irreconcilable foes? LGBT Russians and their government Also in this issue: Islamic radicalisation in West Africa The Antonian who brought Malcolm X to Oxford Music across the divide in DR Congo The Investcorp Building is here Mick Mears retires
4 cover story
10 St Antony’s Looks at the World
The Antonian 2015
Notable Antonians: Dr Louis Nthenda
Editor: Martyn Rush (MPhil Middle Eastern Studies) Contact details: The Development Office St Antony’s College, OX2 6JF firstname.lastname@example.org
27 End of an era in the Porter’s Lodge
email@example.com 44 (0)186 5274496 www.sant.ox.ac.uk Cover image: The Investcorp building Architect: Zaha Hadid © Photographer: Luke Hayes www.lukehayes.com You can follow us on: /StAntsCollege and /stantonyscollegealumni @StAntsCollege St Antony’s College Professional Network
Letter from the Warden
hen you read this, we will be part way through a new academic year. I always find the autumn a time of anticipation. The summer is over and whatever work we hoped to accomplish is done or put on yet another back burner as we get ready for the new term. Oxford, which has been filled with tourists ambling about, suddenly seems to wake up. People move more quickly and the streets are busier as groups of young and enthusiastic students move this way and that, looking for their classes and wondering what new friends and new experiences they will encounter. When I walked into the Porters’ Lodge at St Antony’s during what we now call Welcome Week—the week before classes and lectures start—I asked the porter on duty how things were going and he said cheerfully ‘Very busy indeed’. The College remains open and active of course through the Long Vacation with a summer school and conferences. And Oxford now has an annual alumni reunion in late September which brings back many Antonians. This year the Latin American Centre used the occasion to celebrate its 50th anniversary with its own inimitable mixture of serious panels and some spirited salsa dancing. There is always something special about the start of a new term for it brings old and new Fellows and students together for another round of seminars, workshops, lectures and the unending conversations that take place in our dining hall, common rooms, and gardens. We also say goodbye to our departing Fellows with regret. William Beinart, the Rhodes Professor of Race Relations and for so long an intellectual stalwart of both African Studies and the College, retired this spring but we hope, as with our other Emeritus Fellows, that we will continue to see much of him. We expect to see his replacement in the coming year. In the meantime we have welcomed Toby Matthiesen, who has a five-year post as the Sir Adam Roberts Senior Research Fellow in the International Relations of the Middle East. This new post, made possible through the generosity of a donor, adds to the teaching and research in our Middle East Centre. This autumn, as always, we also welcomed visitors, many of them academics and others journalists or diplomats, from a variety of countries, who will work here for a term or more. In both its range of interests and its people, St Antony’s is easily the most international of all colleges at Oxford. Our students alone come from sixty different countries; the United Kingdom and the United States are the largest single groups followed closely by Germany, Canada, and China. When I look at our new student intake I sometimes feel like a stamp collector adding one, say, from Kazakhstan or Moldova or Malawi. This year we have just over 500 students in total and almost half of those are doing D.Phils while the rest are divided almost equally between two- and oneyear Masters. Around the University there is considerable concern, and rightly so, about getting the right balance in gender and in having a diverse student body. Not surprisingly perhaps St Antonys comes out well on both scores. Women for example make up 54% of our students. That does not mean we can be smug and we have started to talk about how we might be more aware of difficulties students and staff can encounter when they come here for the first time. I am part of an informal group of heads of colleges which is hoping to address such issues as recruitment and retention of under-represented groups. Oxford has sent out a good signal by appointing as its new Vice-Chancellor, Louise Richardson, a distinguished academic who is currently the Principal of St Andrew’s University. She will find a University which ranks among the best in the
world in terms of teaching and research and which is continuing to develop and grow in new directions. The Blavatnik School of Government is about to move into its new building on Walton Street. We are pleased to have some of its students and one of its professors at the College. The Said Business School has developed a strong international focus and, as a result, the College now admits MBA students if their work has international relevance. We continue as always to look for new sources of funding to support our students and to strengthen our existing centres and programmes, and just perhaps, develop some new initiatives we have in mind. Here at St Antony’s we are enjoying our new and refurbished buildings including the magnificent new Investcorp Building for our Middle East Centre. I am inclined to boast and say that thanks to Zaha Hadid, the architect, we have the best piece of modern architecture in the University. I hope as many of you as possible will come and see the changes. Be assured, however, that the essential character of the College remains the same. All is not completely well on the university scene. We remain concerned about the conf licting messages sent by the British government about international academics and students. On the one hand its spokesmen talk about cutting back immigration severely and on the other about building British universities to become even stronger. St Antony’s, along with other colleges and the University itself, has had its share of students from abroad who have trouble getting visas. Many of us are also concerned about the government’s new PREVENT legislation and programme designed to monitor and prevent the radicalisation of young people who might be in danger of being drawn into terrorism. While it is not yet clear how much universities will be obliged to do to ensure that speakers do not express radical views or how such views are to be defined, a number of us have raised concerns about how obligation that will fit with our existing one, also enshrined in legislation, to ensure freedom of speech I would hate to see what we do at St Antony’s constrained in some way. In this turbulent world our Fellows’ and students’ expertise is needed more than ever, whether in development, international co-operation, or how to build post-conflict societies. Antonians are everywhere, in the World Bank, the UN, the media, or their own governments. We don’t always say comfortable things but what we do say can be very helpful in understanding the background to great issues or conflicts. Occasionally I get angry emails disagreeing with something one of our Fellows has said and asking why I don’t tell them to shut up. I wouldn’t dare—and nor would I want to. Professor Margaret MacMillan
The Warden of St Antony’s College, Professor Margaret MacMillan ©Rob Judges
Opening of the Investcorp Building
Dr Eugene Rogan, Director of the Middle East Centre he Warden, Professor Margaret MacMillan, welcomed a distinguished audience of leaders and benefactors, headed by H.H. Sheikha Moza bint Nasser of Qatar, to attend the formal opening of the new Middle East Centre building on 26 May 2015. Affectionately known as the ‘Softbridge’ throughout the design and construction process, the new structure was formally named the Investcorp Building in honour of the Bahrain-based investment bank who funded the building with their landmark gift of £11 million. The guests assembled for a reception in the elegant lobby of the new building and took the opportunity to tour the building before moving to the new Lecture Theatre for the opening speeches. In her welcoming remarks, the Warden ref lected on the excitement the new building had generated in the College. Designed by Britain’s leading architect, Dame Zaha Hadid, the Investcorp Building stands as an iconic work in a College better known for its intellectual than its architectural distinction. The Warden extended the College’s thanks to the members of the Investcorp Board for their support. She also welcomed the members of the new Middle East Centre Advisory Board, whose ongoing support for the Centre will provide for the maintenance and upkeep of the Investcorp Building. The Board, chaired by Mr Nemir Kirdar (Honorary Fellow), held its inaugural meeting the same day with Dr Nayef Al-Rodhan (Honorary Fellow), Dr Joseph Sassoon (Foundation Fellow) and Mr Marshall Cloyd in attendance. H.E. Sheikh Ghassan Shaker (Honorary Fellow) was
unable to attend but conveyed his congratulations. The Vice-Chancellor, Professor Andrew Hamilton, paid homage to Mr Nemir Kirdar, the founder and CEO of Investcorp, for his vision and support of this ambitious project from its very inception. Mr Kirdar in turn expressed his gratitude to Dame Zaha Hadid for accepting the commission to design the new Middle East Centre building. The Kirdars and the Hadids, both natives of Iraq, enjoy close family ties, and share a commitment to bridging the Middle East and the West that strengthened their collaboration with the Centre. Dame Zaha remembered her late brother, Foulath Hadid (Honorary Fellow), who first introduced her to the Centre when he came as a Senior Associate Member to publish the memoirs of their father, the Iraqi statesman Muhammad Hadid. She presented Mr Kirdar with a model of the building, and Centre Director Eugene Rogan with a silver painting of the project, as mementos of their collaboration. The Warden then welcomed as guest of honour Her Highness Sheikha Moza bin Nasser to give the keynote address. Sheikha Moza took the opportunity to post a challenge to her audience to combat the double standards and dehumanising discourse by which the West discriminated against Muslims. The speech received extensive coverage in the international press. The Investcorp Building opened its doors to the College and University in October 2015 with the start of the new academic year.
NEWS Sir Raymond Carr. Copyright: María Jesús González
Death of Sir Raymond Carr
t Antony’s is very sorry to report t he d e at h of Si r R ay mond Carr, our much respected and admired second Warden (1968 – 1987), and an Honorary Fellow of the College. The Warden, Professor Margaret MacMillan, paid tribute: “Sir Raymond, who was born in 1919, had a distinguished academic career. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford, he went on to lecture at University College London in 1945. He has been, amongst many things, a Fellow of All Souls, a Fellow of New College, Director of t he L atin A meric a n Centre, a Distinguished Professor of Boston University, and the King Juan Carlos Professor of Spanish History at New York University. His many honours include the Grand Cross of the Order of Alfonso el Sablo and the Order of Infante Dom Henrique. He was made a Knight Bachelor in the 1987 New Year’s Honours List. As Warden of this College he oversaw its growth and development into a major centre of regional and interdisciplinary studies.”
St Antony’s team completes Run Jericho challenge
rofessor Roger Goodman, Professor Paul Betts, Dr Philip Robins, (GB Fellows), Professor Matteo Legrenzi (Antonian), and Ms Monica Esposito (former Development Officer) took part in the Run Jericho 10k race on Sunday 21 June, with the aim of raising money for the College. The Jericho route is a multi-terrain challenge taking in Port Meadow and Wolvercote, before returning along the canal to Walton Manor and Jericho. All of the competing Antonians completed the race and were awarded medals. A sum of £2,500 was raised for the Antonian Fund, which supports academic and student life at St Antony’s.
Professor Roger Goodman elected as the next Chair of the Council of the Academy of Social Sciences
rofessor Roger Goodman, Governing Body Fellow at St Antony’s and Head of the Social Sciences division at Oxford University, was elected as the next Chair of the Council of the Academy of Social Sciences, the UK’s national organisation for leading social scientists in universities, learned societies, business and government. The Academy aims to raise the profile of the social sciences, and advocate for their utilisation in the formation of policy. Roger succeeds Professor Sir Cary Cooper, the internationally known organisational psychologist, who has led the Academy for the past Professor Roger Goodman six years.
P From left to right: Professor Paul Betts, Professor Roger Goodman, Ms Monica Esposito, Dr Philip Robins and Professor Matteo Legrenzi
rofessor Archie Brown was given the Distinguished Contributions to Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies Award by the Association for Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies in Philadelphia in November. 5
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Podcasts of the lectures organised by the College Centres are available at: http://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/series/st-antonys-college-podcasts
African Studies Professor William Beinart was the Director of the African Studies Centre (2014-15)
Winnie Byanyima © Ryan Rayburn/IMF Photo Winnie Byanyima, Executive Director, Oxfam International, speaks
ne of the most notable events that the African Studies Centre conducted this year was the ‘Researching Africa Day’ workshop. The Centre was delighted to host an interdisciplinary workshop which focused on the welfare issues confronting Africa. Economists, labour theorists, medical specialists and political specialists were all brought into the discussion, shedding light on a vital area of the African future. Inequality, issues of state control and privatisation, and development of the infrastructural and human capacities of the continent were all at stake and all carefully considered across a diverse range of perspectives and expertises. This is the cross-disciplinary approach which is justly celebrated at the African Centre. The Annual African Studies Lecture was delivered by Winnie Byanyima, the executive director of Oxfam International. Byanyima co-chaired the World Economic Forum in Davos in January 2015, and focused on rising inequality. In the year that Oxfam published its sensational report on the distribution of wealth in the world, Byanyima offered St Antony’s her personal reflections on Africa, in a talk entitled ‘Is Africa Rising?’ on 19th June 2015.
African Studies Centre Podcasts: https://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/units/centre-african-studies 6
Asian Studies Centre Dr Faisal Devji, Director of the Asian Studies Centre
n addition to t he week ly resea rch seminar on South A sia, the Centre hosted a number of special events on the region this year. These included lectures, conferences, book launches, conversations and a film screening. On November 4th, Dr Burak Akcapar, the Turkish ambassador to India, spoke on the Indian medical mission to the Ottoman Empire in 1912-13. And on May 22nd, Husain Haqqani, the well-known author and former Pakistani ambassador to the US, talked about re-imagining Pakistan. Dr Shashi Tharoor, the noted Dr Shashi Tharoor, author, Indian author, Member of Parliament Member of Parliament and former and former Minister of State for External Minister of State for External Affairs, lectured on India and the Affairs, lectured on India and the world world on May 28th. Copyright: on May 28th. USCPublicDiplomacy On Ja nua r y 6t h, t he Centre cosponsored an international conference, “Benares, Bayly and the Making of World History, at Jnanapravaha in Varanasi in honour of Professor Sir Christopher Bayly. On May 15th, the Centre hosted an international symposium on “Literature and History in Persianate South Asia”. The two book launches organized by the Centre were for the celebrated novelist Amit Chaudhuri’s Odysseus Abroad on February 5th, and the philosopher Costica Bradatan’s Dying for Ideas on March 12th. The Centre hosted two important conversations with major scholars this year, the first on “Indian Politics Today”, with Professor Dipesh Chakrabarty from the University of Chicago and Dr Shruti Kapila from the University of Cambridge. The second event, on “Gandhi and Tagore: The Contest of Friendship”, staged a conversation between Lord Professor Bhikhu Parekh and Professor Sir Richard Sorabji. On February 1st, the Centre co-sponsored the screening of Lakshmi, a feature film by Nagesh Kukunoor, on the subject of the trafficking of young girls. The screening was followed by a panel discussion and fundraiser for Oxfam.
Asian Studies Centre Podcasts: http://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/series/asian-studies-centre
Dr Matthew J Walton launches Myanmar Media and Society Project
n January 2015, Dr Matthew J Walton (Aung San Suu Kyi Senior Research Fellow in Modern Burmese Studies and GB Fellow) and colleagues Mr Matt Schissler and Ms Phyu Phyu Thi were awarded a grant from the National Endowment for Democracy for an 8-month pilot entitled Myanmar Media and Society (M.MAS) Research Project. The project is a partnership between the Programme in Modern Burmese Studies at St Antony’s College and the Myanmar ICT for Development Organization (MIDO) in Myanmar. The aim of the project is to better understand the causes of Buddhist-Muslim violence in Myanmar, and to use this understanding to support civil society in efforts to promote peace. The team conducted interviews in six cities in Myanmar alongside training workshops with youth activists, teaching qualitative research skills and theoretical concepts from political science studies of communal violence. The findings will be made available to governmental actors and policy-makers involved in the country and the region.
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European Studies Centre
European Studies Centre Podcasts http://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/series/european-studies-centre
Dr Othon Anastasakis, Director of the European Studies Centre
the various programmes of the Centre, PEFM n 2014/15 the European Studies Centre (ESC) (Programme on the Political Economy of Financial continued its dynamic and rich programme. One Markets), SEESOX and Programme on Modern of the highlights included the ESC Annual Lecture, Poland (POMP) sponsored their own events and in cooperation with South East European Studies at seminar series contributing to the variety of subjects, Oxford (SEESOX), with Greece’s Foreign Minister themes, regional and country perspectives. Among Nikos Kotzias speaking on Greek foreign policy at a others, SEESOX introduced its new project and time of crisis. During his talk the Minister focused Greece’s Foreign Minister Nikos seminar series Global SEESOX on how South East on the geopolitical significance of Greece, a country Kotzias spoke at the Greek foreign European countries engage with global influences at a time of crisis in the situated in the middle of a triangle of instability policy beyond Europeanisation, and POMP sponsored its SEESOX/ESC Annual Lecture, defined by Eastern Ukraine, Middle East and Libya, 10 June 2015 (Courtesy of the first graduate conference on the theme Modernities, which generates security and migration concerns. Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs) transformations and evolving identities in post-1945 Greece’s stability and support, despite and because Poland. This year the Annual Dahrendorf Lecture was of its economic malaise, is paramount for the stability of Europe, delivered by LSE Director and Antonian Craig Calhoun on The according to the Minister’s speech. dream of a democratic public in Britain and Europe, who spoke The academic year 2014/15 included as usual the Michaelmas about the importance of a participatory, active public in the context term E SC Core Semina r Series, a platform for debating of the British elections and the European crisis. 2014/15 was the contemporary and recent historical European developments co- third and final year of the ESC Director Othon Anastasakis who convened by the Governing Body Fellows of the Centre. In addition, from October 2015 is succeeded by Jan Zielonka.
Middle East Centre
Latin America Centre
Professor Eugene Rogan, Director of the Middle East Centre
he 38t h George A ntonius Memorial Lecture served as both t he cu lminating event of t he Middle East Centre’s academic year and a memorial to the friend and benefactor who i n it iated a nd suppor ted t he Antonius Lecture – Professor George Scanlon (1926-2014). George Scanlon was recruited to the Middle East Centre by Albert Hourani in the 1960s. He was to remain a loyal and committed Antonian for the rest of his life. The idea of the lecture series arose in a discussion in Katie Antonius’s Cairo home, and George contributed the funds from his personal resources as an anonymous benefactor. George Makdisi was invited to give the inaugural lecture in 1976. In 2000, George, still our anonymous benefactor, gave the twentyfifth Antonius lecture himself. T h e C e nt r e d e c i d e d t o t a k e advantage of the Antonius Lecture to hold its memorial for George. Speaking to a full audience on 18 June 2015, the Warden, who first met George while she was a doctoral student in the College, remembered his long relationship with St Antony’s. Derek Hopwood spoke on George’s special friendship with the Middle East Centre community. John Semple led the friends of George in tributes and anecdotes. Finally, Professor Scott Redford (SOAS), who had worked with George in Fustat, the
Islamic Cairo site he made famous, paid tribute to Scanlon’s many contributions to Islamic archaeology and fascination with medieval plumbing in his Antonius Lecture entitled ‘Islamic Archaeology Before and After the Drain Brain.’ Though we have lost a dear friend and generous supporter, the Middle East Centre is determined to preserve George’s legacy through the George Antonius Memorial Lecture for many years to come.
Professor Scott Redford (SOAS) delivers the 2015 Antonius Lecture entitled ‘Islamic Archaeology Before and After the Drain Brain’ in tribute to George Scanlon.
Professor Leigh Payne, Director of the Latin American Centre in the academic year 2014-2015
his year we celebrated 50 years since the creation of the UK Latin American Centre by the parliamentary Parry Commission at the University of Oxford. We have built an extraordinary Centre on a firm foundation; becoming a centre of excellence. In recent years, we have successfully completed a transition, hiring a new generation of scholars and launching new research projects. Our staff has received some of the most prestigious UK Research Council grants (AHRC, ESRC, British Academy) and private foundation support (Open Society, Ford, Oak, Leverhulme). We maintain one of the best libraries on Latin America in the United Kingdom. Perhaps the greatest evidence of our success in the past 50 years is our network of engaged and noteworthy visiting fellows, alumni, and collaborators around the world. We had much to celebrate at our September a nniversa r y event. We hig h lig hted L atin American gems from the Bodleian collection, seminars on relevant contemporary issues in the Americas, and discussions about the past and future of Latin American studies. We did not only celebrate the last 50 years but launched the next 50. With the creation of the Malcolm Deas 50th Anniversary Fund, we strive to enhance the strength of Latin American studies in Oxford, the UK, and Europe.
Latin American Centre Podcasts https://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/units/latin-american-centre 7
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Nissan Institute of Japanese Studies Podcasts: https://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/units/nissaninstitute-japanese-studies
The successful Nissan Institute/Routledge Japanese Studies series nears its 100th volume.
Nissan Institute of Japanese Studies Dr Sho Konishi, Director of the Nissan Institute
e are saddened by the passing of Dr Ma rk Rebick, a n economist of Japa n a nd a long-time GB fellow of St Antony’s and the Nissan Institute. Our memorial event only further reminded us of just how much his presence loomed large in our heart. While losing Mark occupied our emotions this year, we experienced a contrasting sense of delight by welcoming our new faculty member, the economist and sociologist Professor Hugh Whittaker, who comes to O x ford from t he Universit y of
Auckland. He has already contributed to our interdisciplinary research profile and programmes in a luminous fashion. A not her member, Professor Roger Goodman, had the honor of being elected as Chair of the Academy of Social Sciences. In addition to our distinctive Ni s sa n Sem i na r Serie s, Gradu ate Semina rs a nd Histor y Work shop, this year we sponsored a new graduate students’ conference on transnational history. Finally, our Nissan book series, the only one of its kind in the world, is now nearing its 100th volume.
North American Studies Programme Dr Halbert Jones, Director of North American Studies
n September, the Programme built upon a successful conference marking the twentieth anniversary of NAFTA held in Oxford in November 2014 by co-hosting a conference on “The Future of North American Regionalism” in Washington, DC. The event, organised in collaboration with colleagues at the School of Advanced International Studies of Johns Hopkins University, offered a range of perspectives on the state of the North American regional project and is expected to result in an edited volume on the subject. Meanwhile, another book resulting from one of the Programme’s projects – on the governance of the North American Arctic – is due to be published in the coming months. The Programme has also continued its regular seminar series at the College, examining a wide range of topics, including USMexico security relations, the history of the Black Power movement in the Caribbean, police violence in the United States in comparative perspective, the results of Canada’s recent general election, and the politics of the current Nicaragua Canal project.
At the successful event marking 20 years of NAFTA, 10 November 2014. (from L-R): Carlos Sánchez Pavón, Kenneth Smith Ramos, Carlos Uruchurtu, Lance Hastings, Sophie Nappert; discussing Business Perspectives: the Economic Impact of NAFTA.
Russian and Eurasian Studies Centre Professor Dan Healey, Director of the Russian and Eurasian Studies Centre (2014-2015)
nstable geopolitics and questions of contested identity in our region remained the focus of inquiry during the year. The 2015 Paul Bergne Memorial Lecture, ‘Central Asia, in and out: Globalising factors’, was given by Professor Marlene Laruelle. Roy Allison and Neil McFarlane convened a seminar series on the on-going Ukrainian crisis and its
The Penguin Book of Russian Poetry - the first new collection since 1962 - was launched by the Russian and Eurasian Studies Centre at St Antony’s College on 19 March 2015.
ramifications for Russia’s neighbours. The Centre hosted a major conference on the Nagorno-Karabakh settlement process in the new geopolitical context, in cooperation with London Information Network on Conf licts and State-Building. Dan Healey and RESC Junior Research Fellow Jon Waterlow organised a series of seminars on Outsiders in Russia. Other highlights included Oliver Ready’s series of seminars on religion and belief in Trinity Term, and the launch of the Penguin Book of Russian Poetry with scintillating readings from translators of classic and contemporary verse.
St A nton y ’ s l oo k s at t h e wor l d
Islamic Radicalisation and New Forms of Identities in West Africa Professor Abdul Raufu Mustapha (GB Fellow and Professor of African Politics at the Oxford Department of International Development)
cross the Sahelian belt of Africa, from Senegal to Somalia, many Islamist groups have emerged in recent years, intent on constructing alternative identities and communities in opposition to the extant nation-state. In the process, considerable havoc has been wrought by groups like Boko Haram in Nigeria and AQIM in Mali. To understand these new identities, we need to start from the old ones. From about the 1940s African nationalists oriented themselves towards the new nation-states carved out of the colonial encounter. The borders of these states shaped the formation of emergent African elites and their political imagination. For the majority of Africans, these new states represented hope for the future. The old identities in Africa could therefore be said to be nationalisms tied to territorial entities. Beneath these state-centred identities were sub-national identities like ethnicity, religion, and caste. From the 1980s this pattern of identity began to change. This change was driven by two processes. The first was the collapse of state-centred nationalism which ran into the political storm of military rule and personal dictatorships from the 1960s. And from the 1980s these states also ran into the storm of swingeing neoliberal economic reforms which sought to dismantle what was left of an already wobbly state. However, since the last 15 years, we have heard of the phenomenon of rapid GDP growth in many African countries. In the first place, this is happening from a low base. Secondly, it is jobless growth, fuelling high levels of inequality. The neo-liberal experiments in Africa since the 1980s have created economic systems that marginalize whole swathes of the population, especially the youth – and the dry regions of the Sahel. In this context, the nation-state is no longer the focus of attention of many Africans. This disillusionment has received a further fillip from religion and a second process that undermined the old identities was the ferment within Islam. There have always
A member of an Al-Qaeda affiliated Touareg-led brigade, Mali. ©Magharebia
been conflicts in the Sahel over the correct interpretation of Islam, going as far back as 1804. Muslim groups often disagreed with each other over a range of doctrinal issues. By the 1970s, the extant internal disagreement within Muslim groups took a turn for the worse first with the introduction of Saudi Wahhabism, and after the Iranian Revolution, the introduction of Shi’ism. The multiple divisions amongst Muslims have been characterized by high levels of intolerance and the ready resort to violence. Islamic radicalisation in the Sahel is fuelled by this combination of socio-economic and religious forces.
The nation-state is no longer the focus of attention of many Africans In the process, new identities have emerged to contest old political certainties. However, these ‘new’ identities are not really new – just as the ‘old’ are not exactly ancient. They are the reworking of older identities that had lain dormant when statenationalism was triumphant. Secondly, these identities have very little regard for Westphalian-type national boundaries. They are very transnational, operating in nodes, corridors, and networks that transcend national boundaries. Thirdly, these identities tend to look backwards in time to some imagined past of a pure Islam which they hope to recreate and they are hardly a basis for confronting the complex challenges of the current world. In terms of policy response, the international development institutions are increasingly talking of ‘inclusive growth’. However, African experiences show that efforts of inclusive growth tied to the straightjacket of neoliberalism are not working. Inequality and jobless growth are rampant. Finally, not enough attention is paid to the need for ideological work amongst Muslims in terms of countering intolerance a nd extremism. In the Sa hel, there is diversity – there are both many Muslims for and many Muslims against extremism; any policy that inadvertently puts them all in one basket is bound to fail.
The Djinguereber Mosque in Timbuktu, Mali. A renowned centre of learning since 1327, it has found itself in the midst of conflict. Several notable tombs have been destroyed by extremists.© Carsten ten Brink
St A nton y ’ s l oo k s at t h e wor l d
LGBT Russians and their government Professor Dan Healey, Professor of Modern Russian History at St Antony’s
College and Director of the Russian and Eurasian Studies Centre in 2014-15
n a recent interview with Antonian Bridget Kendall, Sir Elton John declared himself ready to meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin to discuss how Russia treats its lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) citizens. Since 2013, when the country’s parliament, the Duma, passed its notorious ‘gay propaganda’ law, attitudes in Russia toward LGBT rights have come under the spotlight. President Putin himself has repeatedly intimated that gay and lesbian citizens are less than fully Russian, since they supposedly do nothing to overcome the country’s demographic problems. He also suggested that lesbian and gay visitors to the Sochi 2014 Olympics might abuse children, and told them ‘leave the children alone, please’. For most citizens in Western countries, used to more tolerant attitudes, the Russian government’s turn to a politics of homophobia came as a surprise. Why has Putin’s Kremlin taken this policy direction?
St A nton y ’ s l oo k s at t h e wor l d
The roots of the 2013 law banning ‘propaganda not even gay, but his assailants later claimed he had among minors for non-traditional sexual relations’ propositioned one of them, and they brutally abused might be found in the early 2000s, when conservativehim before they dumped his corpse. Social media nationalists and religious lobbyists in the Duma began commentators blamed the Duma ‘propaganda’ calling for such a law. (Remember that in the UK, we debate for stoking homophobic violence. The draft had our own ‘Section 28’ of the Local Government law’s proposer, Duma Family Affairs Committee Act, enacted in 1988; it forbade local authorities from chairperson Elena Mizulina, hotly denied that her ‘promoting homosexuality’ and it was only repealed aggressive promotion of the ‘gay propaganda’ law was in England and Wales in 2003. Our tolerance is quite responsible for Tornovoi’s death. recent.) The Russian MPs’ crude early versions of their Tornovoi’s monument is perhaps to be found ban on ‘propaganda for homosexualism’ were rejected in the wording of the law that President Putin in a political atmosphere – the early years of Putin’s signed in June 2013. Mizulina’s original draft bill presidency – when Russia still professed a desire to banned propaganda for ‘homosexuality, lesbianism, adhere to European human rights standards. bisexuality [and] transgender’ – singling out specific The green light for a change of identities. The law as enacted spoke of attitude came in the wake of the anti‘propaganda for non-traditional sexual How should the international Putin protests of 2011-12, during an relations’ instead. It was apparently election cycle that brought Putin back a dodge to evade the charge that community react? Flinging to the presidency. Russia’s new middle particular personal characteristics class, smarting from the effects of were the subject of the ban. charges of ‘homophobia’ the economic crisis, were angered by Since Putin put his signature on corruption and manipulated elections the ban, authorities have convicted indiscriminately at the Russians (what the late Dmitry Furman called c a mpa igners, website a nd book ‘imitation democracy’). The street publishers, journalists, teachers and on social media, proposals to protesters were social-media savvy and other citizens for ‘violations’ of the used creative, eye-catching memes; law; about 75 cases have been heard boycott the Sochi 2014 games, or they wanted a ‘Russian Spring’ to oust so far. In comparison, although our the president. Section 28 had a chilling effect on cancel twin-city arrangements, On the edge of the movement teachers challenging homophobia, came ‘Pussy Riot’, a feminist punk the law was never used; evidence, have all won no converts in protest band. Their February 2012 perhaps that it was a disingenuous action in Moscow’s Cathedral of political weapon. As the cases pile up, the Russian Federation Christ the Saviour, singing ‘Mother a trail of homophobic jurisprudence of God, Chase Putin Away’, ended is accumulating which will not easily with arrests and jail terms for two be dismantled. Polls suggest the law of the singers, as the wider protests fizzled out in a enjoys a high degree of popular support. year of arrests and trials of opposition activists. The How should the international community react? government’s harsh treatment of Pussy Riot appeared Flinging charges of ‘homophobia’ indiscriminately at to defend the Russian Orthodox Church, seemed to the Russians on social media, proposals to boycott the guard Russia against hostile foreign forces seeking a Sochi 2014 games, or cancel twin-city arrangements, coup against Putin, and threw an unflattering light have all won no converts in the Russian Federation. on the opposition. Gender became a battleground Such moves stoked anti-Western and anti-EU in domestic politics. It is worth recalling that Prime sentiment, especially in the heated atmosphere of Minister Margaret Thatcher arguably used Section 28 the Ukrainian crisis that has eclipsed the Kremlin’s more to damage Labour’s reputation, than to protect homophobic ‘political project’. A phone-call from children. Sir Elton may nudge the country in a more positive With the Pussy Riot singers in jail in late 2012 direction, but the Russians must make their own the Kremlin found a new gender threat in the form decisions about this question. of Russia’s tiny LGBT community – Russia’s adult The public debate about the ‘gay propaganda’ LGBT population might amount to 5m; but the ban was, nevertheless, a political first for Russia – actual membership of local community groups is a moment which ignited a national conversation probably less than 10,000. Local authorities around about the status of LGBT citizens as ‘Russians’. the country had enacted their own versions of ‘gay Yelena Mizulina is a Russian That conversation isn’t going away. In Russia there propaganda’ bans and from Novosibirsk the Duma Parliamentarian, Chair of the has never been so much public awareness of sexual Duma Committee on Family, received a formal request for a national ban. orientation and gender identity politics. Perhaps that Women and Children’s Affairs. 2013 was a year of political homophobia in Russia Mizulina, a member of the ‘A is why the nation’s Human Rights Ombudsman, Ella as the Duma debated the law, a hostile Kremlin- Just Russia’ party, has been a Pamfilova, met with representatives of her country’s controlled media discussion of LGBT identities driving force against what she LGBT community for the first time in spring 2015. as ‘ homosexual surged, and violence against lesbians and gay men sees From a ‘spectral threat’ – faceless, ‘globalized’, and propaganda’ in Russia. appeared to spiral out of control. In May 2013 the foreign – Russia’s LGBT citizens are perhaps slowly homophobic murder of a 23-year-old electrician becoming more familiar, and ‘Russian’, to their fellow in Volgograd appeared to slow the bandwagon countrymen, and that is probably the most interesting momentarily. aspect of this story. The victim, Vladislav Tornovoi, was probably 11
B oo k s f rom t h e Fe l l ows
New books from Fellows Professor Paul Betts, Governing Body Fellow Heritage in the Modern World OUP, 2015 (edited with Corey Ross) Building on previous scholarship concerning the ‘nationalization’ of ancestral pasts, this work offers a novel perspective by focusing on the increasing trend towards the ‘internationalization’ of heritage. Specifically, the book explores the ways in which local and trans-regional trends of historical preservation have overlapped, interacted and been contested. Robert Cassen, Emeritus Fellow Making a difference in Education Routledge, 2015 This is a survey of research about what is and is not effective practice in UK education. It covers mainly the years 0-16 in the English state system, but cites some evidence from the US and other countries where relevant. The main topics are early years, parenting, school organisation and resources, literacy, numeracy, the quality of teaching, ICT in the classroom, and vocational education. The book concludes that the evidence would support a redirection of educational spending to have a stronger impact on outcomes and narrowing the ‘social gap’. Dr Sanghamitra Choudhury, A gatha Harrison Fellow Women and Conflict in India Routledge, 2015 The book focuses on the ongoing armed conflicts in North East India and their impacts on women. Based on empirical material collected from in-depth interviews with individuals on both sides of the struggle, the book locates the analysis in both a legal and political context. It examines the causes, dynamics and impact of the ethno-political conflicts in North East India, as well as the efficacy and outcomes of the existing ‘capacity building’ programmes aimed at rehabilitating the surrendered militants and assisting the affected women.
Dr Arthur Dudney, Junior Research Fellow Delhi: Pages from a Forgotten History Hay House India, 2015 The megacity that is today’s Delhi is built upon thick layers of history. For a millennium, Delhi has been at the crossroads of trade, culture, and politics. The stories of its buildings and great historical personalities have been told many times, but this book approaches the past of India’s capital through its literary culture. Over the centuries writing and discussing literature was not just a leisure activity, but how educated people related to one another, a tool for practicing politics and building communities. By focussing on writers and thinkers, we meet a colourful cast of characters often neglected in political histories. Dr Thomas Hale, G overning Body Fellow Between Interests and Law: the Politics of Transnational Commercial Disputes Cambridge University Press, 2015 We could not have a global economy without a system to resolve commercial disputes across borders, but the international regime that performs this key role bears little resemblance to other, analogous institutions. A hybrid of private arbitral institutions, international treaties, and domestic laws and courts, the regime for commercial dispute resolution shows that effective transborder institutions can take a variety of forms. This book offers the first comprehensive social scientific account of this surprisingly effective regime. It maps and explains its evolution since the Industrial Revolution, both at the global level and in the United States, Argentina, and China. Dr Nicola Leveringhaus (née Horsburgh), Junior Research Fellow China and Global Nuclear Order: From Estrangement to Active Engagement Oxford University Press, 2015 The global management of nuclear weapons and the ascendancy of China in international affairs pose two of the greatest challenges for international security today. Yet we know relatively little about the nuclear dimension of China’s rise, and the extent to which China has shaped global nuclear politics. This new book, published in February 2015 by Oxford University Press, offers insight into these issues by offering an empirically rich study of Chinese nuclear weapons behaviour and the impact of this behaviour on global nuclear politics since 1949.
B oo k s f rom t h e Fe l l ows
Professor Margaret MacMillan, Warden History’s People House of Anansi, 2015 History’s People examines and describes the interplay between individuals and their times. It considers such qualities as leadership, risk-taking, and curiosity and uses case studies of individuals from Bismarck to Ada Lovelace to assess under what circumstances and why people challenge the prevailing wisdom and conventions of their own times. It also looks at those figures – Bismarck, for example, or Margaret Thatcher – who manage to utilize currents of change and direct them. Finally, the book underscores the importance of the observers and recordkeepers who make the discipline of history possible. Dr Adis Merdzanovic, Junior Research Fellow, Democracy by Decree: Prospects and Limits of Imposed Consociational Democracy in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Ibidem, 2015 The author develops a theoretical and empirical approach to understanding consociational democracies that include external intervention. Using the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina, where the powersharing Dayton Peace Agreement ended the three-year war between Serbs, Croats, and Bosniaks twenty years ago, it elaborates on the different approaches used in the past and gives practical recommendations for future state-building exercises by the international community. Abdul Raufu Mustapha, A ssociate Professor of African Politics (ed.), Sects & Social Disorder: Muslim Identities & Conflict in Northern Nigeria James Currey, 2015 (Western Africa Series) Nigerian society has long been perceived as divided along religious lines, between Muslims and Christians, but alongside this there is an equally important polarization within the Muslim population in beliefs, rituals and sectarian allegiance. This book highlights the important issue of intraMuslim pluralism and conflict in Nigeria. Professor Kalypso Nicolaidis (ed., with Berny Sébe and Gabrielle Maas) Echoes of Empire: Memory, Identity and Colonial Legacies I.B. Tauris, 2015 How does our colonial past echo through today’s global politics? How have former empire-builders sought vindication or atonement, and formerly colonized states reversal or retribution? This groundbreaking book presents a panoramic view of attitudes to empires past and present, seen not only through the hard politics of international power structures but also through the nuances of memory, historiography and national and minority cultural identities.
Professor Tariq Ramadan, Governing Body Fellow Introduction à l’ethique islamique Presses du Châtelet, 2015 In this book Professor Ramadan takes time to consider the principles and ethical values of Islam, its theories and practices. He discusses the Islamic sources and the different areas that relate to the study of ethics within the fields of law, theology, philosophy and mysticism (Sufism). Ramadan explores the importance of dialogue and collaboration among civilizations, religions and spirituality throughout our world. By referring to real-life examples in the fields of medicine, psychology, environment and the economy, he addresses the practical importance of Islamic ethics and how such ethics may be applied to help resolve the current challenges of our time. Professor Eugene Rogan, Governing Body Fellow The Fall of the Ottomans: The Great War in the Middle East, 1914-1920 Allen Lane, 2015 The volume recreates one of the most important but poorly understood fronts of the First World War. Despite fighting back with great skill and ferocity against the Allied onslaught and humiliating the British both at Gallipoli and in Mesopotamia (Iraq), the Ottomans were ultimately defeated, clearing the way for the making of a new Middle Eastern order which has endured until recent years. Professor Robert Service, Emeritus Fellow The End of the Cold War, 1985-1991 Macmillan, 2015 A study of both sides and their interaction as they brought the Cold War to a close. The book explores new sources, including diaries and memoirs as well as state documents, and offers a fresh analysis of why and how the superpower confrontation ended when it did. It blends politics, economics and ideology and weaves together long-term trends and the impact of individual leaders. Professor Avi Shlaim, Emeritus Fellow The Iron Wall: Israel and the Arab World Penguin Books, November 2014 This book is a critical study of Israel’s policy towards its Arab neighbours from 1948 to the present. The focus throughout is on Israel: Israeli thinking, attitudes, perceptions, policies, and strategies. The first edition of this book was published in 2000 and it covered the first fifty years of statehood; this is an expanded and updated second edition which carries the narrative forward from 1998 to the present.
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News from the GCR A message from the GCR President, Kevin Pinkoski (MPhil in International Relations 2014)
t Antony’s is a place of study, a place of community, and a place of celebration. The current student body has an absolutely amazing commitment to making the most out of their time here in Oxford: be it in the classroom, in Oxford, or at any of our GCR events. The current GCR owes a huge thank you to the previous administration who helped create this collaborative environment at St Antony’s. St Antony’s has been described as unrecognizable from previous years; current students, alumni, and fellows regularly intermingle and continually support each other’s projects. The college has become the envy of many, and continues to be one of the most attractive colleges for graduate students in Oxford. We have done everything we can to create diversity in GCR events and initiatives. We now run a weekly language emersion night, allowing students from any college in Oxford to come and practice a variety of languages with their colleagues. We successfully organized two Open Mic nights, showcasing Antonian artistic talent. Our Welfare team has organized a program to make both feminine health supplies and sexual health supplies accessible to our students. For the first time on record, the GCR-run Late Bar has turned a profit in Hilary term. Because of this, the GCR was able to make an increased investment supporting St Antony’s Clubs and Societies. Most recently, St Antony’s Governing Body willingly accepted a new budget to pay
Antonians hold a discussion in the Quad. Copyright: Keith Barnes Photography
all its staff at a Living Wage standard. All this is accentuated by a most recent GCR motion that requires us to come up with an official GCR mascot – you may soon be hearing the St Antony’s lion roar (or at least, eating the endlessly misplaced “Hs” inserted in St Antony’s). Thanks to contributions from the Antonian Fund, the GCR has been able to coordinate investments for the betterment of the College. On a small scale, the Antonian Fund was used to invest in an espresso machine for our student run Cafe as well as bike tools for all Antonians to use. On a large scale, the Antonian Fund was used to purchase a new treadmill, elliptical trainer, and weights machine for the St Antony’s gym. Funding has also been committed to invest in a projection system to be installed in the Hilda Besse Buttery. On behalf of all Antonians, I sincerely want to thank everyone who has made contributions to the Antonian Fund. These generous donations have a crucial effect on bettering the life of everyone at St Antony’s. St Antony’s is set apart from other colleges by its global community, a community that is able to come together to form friendships and connections that reach across the world. I am very fortunate to be a part of a college that has been so formative on who I am and who I want to be. We are truly fortunate to be Antonians.
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Student Profile: Jean-Benoît Falisse Jean-Benoît Falisse, a DPhil candidate at St Antony’s, devised and organised a seminal music event in the Democratic Republic of Congo that would cross boundaries and challenge perceptions. Now in its third year, Jean-Benoît’s remarkable achievement is recounted here, a true testament to the internationalist spirit of the College
hen Jean-Benoît Falisse came back from three years working in the African Great Lakes region to start a DPhil in International Development at St Antony’s in 2011, an idea was in the back of his mind. In between – and sometimes during – readings, seminars, rowing with SBAC, and other joy ful activities emerged a slightly crazy thought: what about organising a music festival in the Democratic Republic of Congo? Just to give the boiling local musical scene a stage, and show the world another image of the region. This ref lexion had started a few months before Jean-Benoît arrived in Oxford, and involved a mixed team of Congolese friends from the Foyer Culturel de Goma, a Gomatricien cultural centre, and a few expats who had fallen in love with the Kivus. In Hilary term, as the project was slowly maturing, Jean-Benoît started
talking about the idea with housemates and friends at St Antony’s, who encouraged him to carry on in this unconventional way - after all, St Antony’s was replete with examples of people carrying out crazy projects that worked out at the end. A few months later, members of the St Antony’s community would enthusiastically participate in crowdfunding and – maybe even more importantly – spread the word that something that was not war, sexual violence, or the plundering of natural resources, was happening in Goma – a city of one million inhabitants that was once dubbed the rape capital of the world. A f ter h av i n g b e en de l aye d by a few months because of the M-23 rebel offensive on Goma, the first incarnation of the festival gathered 25,000 people; including artists from DR Congo, Burundi, and Rwanda, representatives from the governments of the region, and the head of the UN peacekeeping mission. In 2015, another iteration of the festival took place and this time attracted 30,000 people. In an atmosphere that had lost nothing of the friendliness of the first event, the second edition featured the Ivorian reggae star Tiken Jah Fakoli and Malian up-andcoming singer Habib Koité – as well as musicians and dancers from the region. In
This year’s edition hosted three reggae bands, including Ivorian superstar Tiken Jah Fakoli, and attracted numerous enthusiasts from neighbouring Rwanda and Burundi
a climate of tension between Rwanda and DR Congo, even Rwandan artists received a warm welcome from the largely Congolese public. Over 500, mostly local, volunteers made the event possible. F o r t h e s e c on d , t h e o r g a n i s e r s maintained the entry fee at $1 per day and intensified the weekly shows in the months preceding the festival (including the selection of local artists). They also successfully bet on a weapon and incidentfree festival (during the first festival, the UN had patrolled the site). This revealed the message and the raison d’être of the festival – there is much more to Eastern Congo than violence, and with a little bit of work, people from the different political and ethnic groups of the region can achieve a lot. A third run of the festival is being prepared. Jean-Benoît is currently writingup his DPhil with the help of a St Antony’s writing-up grant, and his findings on the social determinants of inclusive health-care management in rural areas of the Kivus largely echo what the organisers of the festival came to realise: human potential can be unlocked when a new stage that mitigates old structures of power, and resentment, is provided to the people.
After all, St Antony’s was replete with examples of people carrying out crazy projects that worked out at the end
Luci Foote-Short rows into history
e would like to congratulate Antonian Luci Foote-Short (MPhil Latin American Studies, 2013), who took part in the first Women’s Boat Race to ever take place on the Championship Course on the Thames. On Friday 10 April, racing in the Osiris Boat, the Oxford reserve team achieved a wonderful and well-deserved victory, making history in the process. Here she recalls her impressive performance: “I was part of the Oxford crew in the reserve women’s Osiris Blondie Boat Race on Friday 10 April. We were the first women’s crew to ever race the full 6.8km Boat Race course on the Thames. It was an amazing experience to be part of. It was such an important change in such a historic English institution and another small push towards gender equality. The race itself was the hardest race of my life but we were by far the stronger crew and beat Cambridge by
over 15 lengths or 40 seconds. The support I received from the St Antony’s community was overwhelming and I would like to thank St Antony’s Boat Club for teaching me to row under the watchful eyes of Anna O’Kelly.” The race indeed had a sense of history. There were large crowds along the Thames to see the reserve race, the day before the televised 2015 Boat Races. Oxford continued their recent dominance in both the Men’s and the Women’s races that day, but at one point the day before it seemed as if Cambridge’s reserve boat Blondie would inch ahead. Behind at the Putney Boathouses, Osiris and Lucie began to gain ground, and were ahead by four lengths by Hammersmith. By the finish line, the margin of victory was decisive; capping a historic day for the Boat Races, and for St Antony’s.
The Osiris Boat making history on the Championship Course, 10 April 2015.
STAIR: Celebrating Ten Years of Open and Accessible Intellectual Debate Patrick Quinton-Brown, Managing Editor of St Antony’s own academic journal, provides a snapshot of STAIR’s recent activities
his past academic year marked the 10th anniversary of t he St A nt ony ’s International Review. O ver t he c ou r se of a single decade, our c ol lege jou rna l ha s grown a substantia l amount. In keeping with the vision of our founding editors, STAIR provides a forum in which emerging scholars can publish their work alongside established ac ademic s, w it h pa st contributors including the likes of Robert Keohane, Joh n Bayl i s, Rosema r y Foot, a nd more. Today, STA IR is a respected peer-reviewed publication that draws the attention of readers and IR-related institutions from around the world. It has never missed an edition. Not bad for a journal consisting of just over 10 student staff members rotating on an annual basis. In late February, we hosted a special anniversar y dinner in the Fellows’ Dining Room. The following afternoon marked the launch of STAIR’s 20th
is sue, fe at u ri ng a t hemed sec t ion on identit y politics. On May 27th, STAIR launched its second issue of the year, featuring a themed section on the normative and legal dilemmas surrounding humanitarian intervention. Our upcoming issues include themed sections on negotiation in contemporary global politics (volume 11, number 2) as well as historical perspectives on religion and the state (volume 12, number 1). While the deadline for article submissions has passed for the themed sections of these editions, our general section accepts papers on a rolling basis. More information about submissions can be found on our website www.stairjournal.org. STAIR is always seeking to increase its subscription base. Over the past decade, we have given Antonians the opportunity to learn about the academic publishing process and contribute to contemporary global debates. If you think your institution could benefit from a subscription, please do not hesitate to get in touch with us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Champions of Oxford Volleyball Club
t all started with another stray message on the St Antony’s Facebook group. The Oxford University Volleyball Club was organising again their annual intercollege volleyball tournament, an excellent chance for some of us to carry on with volleyball through Trinity, and for others to get back into the sport. The small but committed team comprising seven nationalities got off to a f lying start despite never meeting or training before by winning their group games. They carried their enthusiasm and smiles into the second round, progressing confidently through the quarter-finals, and then the semi-final opponents. The final game squared St Antony’s team against last year’s winners and presented a close encounter: after a competitive first game and a straightforward second game, the opponents fought back in an epic third game. However, St Antony’s held their nerves and kept positive to clinch the match and with it the title of University of Oxford volleyball champions!
St Antony’s Volleyball Team
St Antony’s Boat Club Devony Schmidt (MPhil European Politics and Society, 2014), President of the St Antony’s Boat Club
The Antonian Boat Club celebrate their success.
014/2015 has been a historic year for the St Antony’s Boat Club, and our tenacity, relentless training, and team spirit brought us bumping into victory. While the university celebrated its 200th year of Summer Eights racing, St. Antony’s celebrated our M1 crew achieving the men’s team’s highest spot ever in St. Antony’s Eights history, bumping a total of seven places and winning Blades! The final bump occurred, incredibly, directly in front of our boathouse and crowds of cheering A ntonians, a f ter a heroic overbump the previous day. The SABC women also revelled in a victorious bump of a boat they had chased throughout Summer VIIIs 2014, along with two hard-earned row-overs, and our M2 boat rowed fiercely in a tough division, after learning to row in only three weeks. The triumphs came after a difficult Torpids season, but setbacks in that earlier regatta only strengthened our resolve to push ourselves ever harder, on the river and on the ergs, and we roared onto the Isis with unrivalled strength and passion. The enthusiasm was infectious, and the team’s bright yellow and gold kit was never far from sight around College and by the river. Still floating on the thrill of the victory, Antonian rowers are eagerly preparing for next year’s races!
The Founder’s Building adorned with a celebration of the team’s feats.
A l u mni
The Antonian who brought Malcolm X to Oxford
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Dr Louis Nthenda (DPhil Political Economy, 1964) was a Malawian Leverhulme Scholar who had a chance meeting with Malcolm X in Nairobi. What followed became legendary. Dr
Nthenda is now embarking on a new career as a poet in Japan
rowing up in rural Malawi, I grew up surrounded by my father’s English book s. My parents had both trained as teachers, and our library was eclectic. I remember reading English translations of Jung and Freud by age six for their English vocabulary. I went to a Catholic seminary aged 10 but left at 18 after embracing agnosticism. Oxford had always been the apex of British education to me; and after studying first at the University College of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, I answered an advert for a St Antony’s College scholarship – and won a Leverhulme Research Scholarship too. On my way to take up my place, an overnight stop-over in Na irobi on 5t h October 1964 led to my fortuitous meeting with Malcolm X at dinner. We had checked into the same hotel. He was the quintessential Ancient Mariner who mesmerised me with his message. I promised to arrange an Oxford Union debate for him. The debate, t wo months later, is now historic. I met Malcolm X at a turning point in his life. Theologically, he had completed the switch from the Nation of Islam to a more orthodox Sunnism; and, in his political life he had been propelled onto the world stage. In the course of the year he had been received by the Saudi King in Riyadh and the Mufti of Egypt. He had on July 17 addressed the first assembly of Heads of State of the Organization of African Unity in Cairo as the representative of blacks in the American Diaspora. W hen we me t at t he Ne w St a n le y Hotel in Nairobi, he was due the following
“Met Louis Nthenda of Zambia at dinner. He was on his way to England (Oxford) and was very surprised upon learning who I was.” Malcolm X’s diary, October 5th, 1964
Malcolm X’s acceptance to consider coming to debate at the Oxford Union was an honour to the Oxford Union, not the other way round
day (October 6th) to meet President Jomo Kenyatta before going to Zanzibar and Dar es Salaam to meet African leaders there. So his acceptance to consider coming to debate at the Oxford Union was an honour to the Oxford Union, not the other way round. He recorded my meeting with him that day in his diary, and went on to address the Oxford in December of that year. Two and half years into my research at St Antony’s, I ran afoul of the Malawi Government which consequently banned me from its Archives. I started all over again by changing to British Public Records. My degree thus took six years. The College was very understanding, allowing me to live on credit when my scholarship lapsed. My new Supervisor, D.N. Chester, Warden of Nuffield, self-styled Patron Saint of Hopeless Causes, waived his fee. I escaped arrest after being declared a Communist for publishing an article which argued that the Vietcong were nationalists and that the American use of a conventional army to fight a guerrilla war was bound to fail. I spent the next 11 years after Oxford in teaching and research at Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria, the Chinese University of Hong Kong and the Universities Service Centre, Kowloon. In 1981 I moved to Japan: spending 10 years with the Japan International Cooperation Agency and 23 years in the energy sector with Tokyo Keiso Co. I live in retirement in Japan, engaged in writing poetry and fiction. I have kept links with the College and some contemporaries for the past half century.
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Antonian events worldwide In 2015, St Antony’s College was delighted to host Alumni events in Oxford, London, Tokyo, Fukuoka, Delhi, Vienna and Geneva. It was wonderful to meet Antonians of all generations, talk about their life at College and their academic and professional interests; you can find here some pictures taken during these reunions. More events are to come in 2016 – check the back cover for dates!
London Drinks Reception 2015
Antonians at the 2015 London drinks reception, held at The Counting House
Geneva Drinks Reception 2015
Antonians at the drinks reception in Geneva, held at the Maison de la Paix
Vienna European Alumni Reunion 2015 Antonians at the 2015 European Alumni Reunion, held at the historic Café Landtmann
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Oxford 2015 – 50th Anniversary of the Latin American Centre and 2015 Alumni Weekend
Leslie Bethell, Timothy Power, Georgia Hill, Benjamin Ahnert, Andrew Cunningham and Christo Thekkel
Nissan Lecture Theatre
Timothy Power, Eduardo Posada-Carbó, David Doyle, Leigh Payne, Diego SánchezAncochea, Chancellor Lord Patten, Vice-Chancellor Andrew Hamilton and Warden Margaret MacMillan
Panel: David Doyle, Alan Angell, John Crabtree, Fiona Macaulay, Leslie Bethell, and Mónica Serrano
Tokyo Drinks Reception 2015
Alexandra Barahona de Brito and Alan Angell
Antonians at the drinks reception in Tokyo
U p dates
In this section you will find a selection of Antonian updates. Due to limited space, we could not publish all the updates; however, you will receive the complete list in our forthcoming e-newsletter. Dr Asheesh Advani DPhil Development Economics, 1994 Asheesh Advani has been appointed CEO of JA Worldwide. Dr Advani has extensive experience as a successful entrepreneur in the technology and financial services sectors. In addition, he brings years of non-profit leadership to the organization, which provides workforce readiness, entrepreneurship and financial literacy programs to youth around the world through innovative, experiential programs. Dr Jessica A shooh DPhil, MPhil international Relations, 2006 In March, Jessica Ashooh relocated from Abu Dhabi to Washington, DC, where she joined the Atlantic Council as the Deputy Director of the Middle East Strategy Task Force. The Task Force is a bipartisan effort co-chaired by former US Secretary of State Madeleine A lbright and former US National Security Advisor Stephen Hadley. It aims to determine how US foreign policy can more effectively address the problems of state failure and violent extremism in the Middle East. The Task Force will culminate in the publication of a series of recommendations late this year, to serve as a Middle East roadmap for the next American president. Mr John Githongo Senior Common Room member, 2008-2011 and Rafael Marques de Morais MSc African Studies, 2009 John Githongo and Rafael Marques de Morais have been presented with the Allard Prize by the Peter A. Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia. The prize was awarded in recognition for the two journalistsâ€™ work in exposing corruption in Africa.
Dr Seth Anziska MPhil Modern Middle East Studies, 2006 Seth Anziska received his PhD in History, with distinction, from Columbia University in May 2015. He begins a Lectureship in Jewish-Muslim Relations, with a focus on Israeli and Palestinian society and culture, at University College London this fall.
Ms Nalini Asha Biggs MLitt Education, 2008 Nalini Asha Biggs and her partner Travis married last month overlooking the ocean at the Scripps Institute of Oceanography (SIO) with a mini-A ntonian reunion. I n at tend a nc e were R or y Brown (MSc International Development, 2008), Saagarika Dadu-Brown (MPhil Modern South Asian Studies, 2008), C h a n a Hof f m it z ( M Ph i l European Politics, 2008), Karlin Younger (MPhil Politics, 2007), Joanna Gorska (DPhil Politics, 2003), Adam Berry (DPhil Oriental Studies, MSt Modern Middle Eastern Studies, 2007), Elena Schak (MPhil Development Studies, 2006). Nalini is currently in the doctoral program in the department of Communication at University of California, San Diego.
Dr Tej Bunnag DPhil History, 1965 Dr Bunnag was conferred The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star, by the Government of Japan, on 16 June 2015, for his contributions to Thai â€“ Japan relations over the past 40 years.
Major Brian Babcock-Lumish MPhil Russian & East European Studies, 2002 Brian was the recipient of the inaugural Skelton Award in honour of the late US Congressman Ike Skelton, Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee from 2007 to 2011. The Skelton Award recognizes a Harry S. Truman Scholar who is a current or former member of the US armed forces and has made significant contributions to public service and the Truman community. Currently, Brian is a major in the United States Army and serves as the Analysis and Control Element Chief for US Army Pacific at Fort Shafter, Hawaii, where he is responsible for leading intelligence assessments for the Army in Asia. Brian received the award from the Vice Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff, US Navy Admiral James Winnefeld, Jr., in a ceremony on Capitol Hill (pictured). 22
Professor Antony Copley History, 1960 Antony was appointed Honorary Professor of Modern European and Indian History at the University of Kent.
Professor Martin Dusinberre DPhil History, 2005 Martin took up a new position as professor and chair of global history in the Historisches Seminar, University of Zurich, in February 2015
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Professor Sir Richard Evans DPhil History,1969 Regius Professor of History emeritus and President of Wolfson College, University of Cambridge, Professor Evans was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Letters, honoris causa by the University of Oxford. The degree was awarded at Encaenia, the University’s annual honorary degree ceremony, on 24th June 2015.
Class of 95 We received an emotional visit from many Alumni of the St Antony’s Class of 95, who met at College on the 11th of July after 20 years of matriculating at Oxford. Antonians were able to meet old friends and visit, together with their families, the new Investcorp building at the Middle East Centre. Drinks in the Quad and lunch in Hall created a convivial, familiar atmosphere and made the reunion a wonderful event
Professor Yong-Pyo Hong DPhil International Relations, 1990 Professor Hong was appointed Unification Minister in South Korea. He is a scholar-turned-politician and expert in diplomatic, national defence and inter-Korean affairs.
Mr Aurelio Nuño Mayer (MSc Latin A merica n Studies 2006) President Peña Nieto ( lef t) appoi nted Aurelio as Minister of Public Education. He now has the task of i mpl e m e nt i n g Mexico’s education reform, one of the key aspects of the administration’s ambitious agenda. He is to be assisted in this by Senior Advisor Manolo Reynaud (MSc Latin American Studies 2008). Isabel Moctezuma (MPhil Development Studies 2007) also works at the Ministry of Public Education.
Dr Joanna Szostek MPhil Russian and East European Studies and DPhil Politics, 2007 Joanna Szostek has been awarded a Marie SkłodowskaCurie Individual Fellowship by the European Commission to study reception of narratives about the West in Ukraine. The three-year fellowship is hosted by Royal Holloway, University of London with extended secondments to Kyiv Mohyla Academy and the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
Mr George Gomori BLitt Medieval and Modern Languages, 1957 George Gomori was awarded the Janus Pannonius Prize for Translation at Pécs, Hungary for his lifetime achievement in translation. Also this year he was elected Senator of the University of Szeged in Hungary.
Dr Christian Leitz DPhil European Studies, 1989 “Christian Leitz, Head Corporate Responsibility and Group Historian at UBS, has joined a new initiative of the bank, “UBS and Society”, UBS’s umbrella platform designed to harness the combination of the firm’s global capabilities, its activities in sustainable investing & philanthropy, its environmental and social policies, and community interaction. Christian continues to be Secretary of UBS’s Corporate Culture and Responsibility Committee.”
Mr Mark Keller MSc Latin American Studies, 2010 After three years in the US, Mark is back in the UK working in London for the Economist Intelligence Unit as an Editor/ Economist for the Latin America region, and is looking to reconnect with fellow Antonians.
Dame Nemat ‘Minouche’ Shafik DPhil Economics, 1987 Antonian Nemat ‘Minouche’ Shafik, the Bank of England Deputy Governor, has been named a Dame in the Queen’s Birthday Honours list. Dr Shafik, who oversaw the Bank’s ‘Fair and Effective Markets Review’ which was published earlier this week, received the recognition for services to the global economy. HE Enele Sopoaga Foreign Service Programme, 1989 HE Enele Sopoaga, currently Prime Minister of Tuvalu, came to visit the College in July. He was warmly received by the Warden, Dr Hal Jones and Monica Esposito.
Dr Janne Taalas MPhil in European Politics and Society, DPhil in Politics, 1993 Janne was appointed as Finnish Ambassador to Italy, Malta and San Marino starting September 2015. He will be moving to Rome from New York with his wife Dr Meemi Taalas and two children. In New York he worked five years as Finnish Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN.
B oo k s f rom A ntonians
In this section you will find a selection of the new books published by Antonians. Due to limited space, we could not publish all of the new publications – for journal articles and more books, please see the complete list in our forthcoming e-newsletter.
New books from Antonians Professor Daniel Bell DPhil Politics, 1988 The China Model: Political Meritocracy and the Limits of Democracy Princeton University Press, 2015 Westerners tend to divide the political world into democracies and authoritarian regimes. But the Chinese political model does not fit neatly in either category, argues Bell. Over the past three decades, China has evolved a political system that can best be described as “political meritocracy.” The China Model seeks to understand the ideals and the reality of this unique political system.
Dr Tracy Beck Fenwick DPhil Politics, 2004 Avoiding Governors: Federalism, Democracy, and Poverty Alleviation in Brazil and Argentina University of Notre Dame Press, 2015 The book analyses how federalism affects the ability of governments to deliver conditional cash transfer (CCT) programmes in Latin America. A native of Vancouver, Tracy received her DPhil from the Department of Politics and International Relations in 2009 and is currently the director of the Australian National Centre for Federalism at the ANU.
Dr Marilyn Booth MPhil Middle Eastern Studies, 1978 Classes of Ladies of Cloistered Spaces: Writing Feminist History through Biography in Fin-de-siècle Egypt Edinburgh University Press, 2015 This study explores the writing and influence of the first Arabic-language global biographical dictionary of women, authored by Zaynab Fawwaz (c.1860-1914), a forceful voice in support of women’s rights to education and work choices in colonial-era Egypt.
Dr Jeffrey Lionel Gossman DPhil Literature, 1957 Thomas Annan of Glasgow: Pioneer of the Documentary Photograph Open Book Publishers, 2015 Available to read online - http://goo.gl/w9vXyh Nineteenth century Glasgow was the ‘second city of the Empire’, but its old town had become an overcrowded slum. It was due to be demolished and rebuilt after an 1866 Parliamentary Act, but before then, Thomas Annan took a series of powerful and pioneering photographs. His aim was to document, and his archetypal collection challenged the Victorian conception of what photography was – an art, a mechanism, or a medium. In this work, Annan’s achievement and significance is given due weight and powerful explanation.
Dr Valerie Caton Senior Associate Member, 2012 France and the Politics of European Economic and Monetary Union Palgrave Macmillan, 2015 Drawing on the author’s experience as a British diplomat in Paris and on new archive evidence, this book explores how France’s drive for European Economic and Monetary Union arose from the challenges posed by unstable global financial markets, the political demands of a rising urban middle class and the restoration of Germany’s economic strength. Ms Alexa Clay MSc Economic History, 2008 The Misfit Economy Simon & Schuster, 2015 Ukraine Twenty Years After Independence: Assessments, Perspectives, Challenges Aracne, 2015 (co-edited with Giovanna Brogi and Oxana Pachlovska) This book is devoted to the first 22 years of independent Ukraine. The events of 2013-2014 indicate that in the first 23 years of independence deep changes occurred in Ukrainian society. The fluidity of the situation condemns any answer to remain tentative and to be contradicted by the facts of the next day, however this is a useful assessment of the overall trends and debates. Dr Ellen Feingold MSc Economic and Social History, 2006 The Value of Money Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, 2015 The Value of Money celebrates the power of using monetary objects to explore history. This richly illustrated book features over 175 objects from the Smithsonian National Museum of American History’s National Numismatic Collection. With objects from every inhabited continent, spanning more than 2,600 years, this book showcases the National Numismatic Collection’s unique strengths, including the geographic and chronological diversity of the collection and the stunning rarities it contains.
Dr Theodora Jim DPhil Ancient History, 2004 Sharing with the Gods: Aparchai and Dekatai in Ancient Greece Oxford Classical Monographs, 2014 Sharing with the Gods examines a ubiquitous yet little studied aspect of ancient Greek religion, the offering of so-called ‘first-fruits’ (aparchai) and ‘tithes’ (dekatai), form the Archaic period to the Hellenistic. Exploiting an array of epigraphic, archaeological and literary sources, the author investigates the diverse nature of aparchai and dekatai, the complexity of motivations underlying them, the deployment of the custom in politics, and the transformation of a voluntary practice into an obligation. Professor Geoffrey Hosking MSc European History, 1965 Trust: A History Oxford University Press, 2014 Whether it is through money or religion, a church or a bank, society depends upon trust. Traditionally, populations have been content to entrust vast powers to institutions. However, Hosking posits that there is a ‘crisis of trust’ in the modern age, and that we face a choice – either to lose trust, and thus a part of the fabric of society, or else to learn from history and formulate a new type of trust. Hosking puts forward the vital historical perspective in the first study of its kind.
B oo k s f rom A ntonians
Dr Lee Jones MPhil International Relations, 1985 Governing Borderless Threats: Non-Traditional Security and the Politics of State Transformation Cambridge University Press, June 2015 (with Shahar Hameiri) The volume explains how non-traditional security threats like pandemic disease, environmental degradation and transnational crime are managed by trying to transform states into nodes in multi-level governance networks. Mr Danilo Limoeiro MPhil Political Economy, 2009 Além das Transferências de Renda (Beyond Income Transfers) University of Brasilia Press, 2015 The monograph examines the reduction of inter-regional inequalities in Brazil during the 2000s, particularly focusing on the economic growth of the Northeast of the country. Taking into account federal policy, productive capacity, investment and credit trends, Limoeiro posits that aggregate demand was raised in regions through Keynesian policies, which in turn built capacity. Dr David Pearce DPhil Politics 2007 Political Identity and Conflict in Central Angola, 1975–2002 Cambridge University Press Political Identity and Conflict in Central Angola, 1975–2002 examines the internal politics of the war that divided Angola for more than a quarter-century after independence. While most studies of the war have focused on the external linkages of the conflict, the book’s emphasis is on Angolan people’s relationship to the rival political forces whose enmity prevented the development of a united nation. Michael Ratcliffe MLitt Geography, 1987 Shards of Blue Finishing Line Press, 2015 Shards of Blue is a collection of 25 poems that tell the story of John and Mary Ratcliff (Mr Ratcliffe’s great-great-grandparents) from their migration to Kansas in the 1850s as part of a Quaker abolitionist community, through the Civil War, in which John was wounded, through the post-war years during which their relationship changed, to their divorce in the 1870s and Mary striking off on her own, with their four youngest sons, to take out her own homestead in western Kansas. The poems, mostly in the voices of John and Mary, tell a story of hope, trauma, loss of trust and love, and the optimism of new beginnings that defined their lives. Professor Robert Rotberg DPhil Political Science, 1957 On Governance: What It Is, What It Measures and Its Policy Uses Centre for International Governance Innovation, 2014 By proposing new theories for national and global governance, examining more than 90 governance indexes and analyzing best practices in governance, this volume suggests how policy makers can use governance theory and governance indexes to improve both domestic and multilateral decision making.
Professor Jonathan Searle DPhil Philosophy, 1955 Seeing Things as They Are: A Theory of Perception Oxford University Press, 2015 In this ground-breaking work, Professor Searle aims to break with 300 years of epistemology by positing a more direct relationship between our senses and reality. This bold study takes in the nature of hallucination, perception and artificial intelligence. Professor Lewis Siegelbaum DPhil History,1970 Broad Is My Native Land: Repertoires and Regimes of Migration in Russia’s Twentieth Century Cornell University Press, 2014 People moved – or were moved – across Russia in vast numbers in the twentieth century, whether they were deported or exiled, settling new lands or looking for work. Broad Is My Native Land is the first history of late imperial, Soviet, and postSoviet Russia through the lens of migration. It draws upon fascinating sources, such as letters and state documents, and paints a picture of a state trying to direct and control; and of people looking to resist and survive. Dr Frederic Wehrey DPhil Politics, 2008 Sectarian Politics in the Gulf: From the Iraq War to the Arab Uprising Columbia University Press, 2013 Beginning with the 2003 invasion of Iraq and concluding with the aftermath of the 2011 Arab uprisings, the author investigates the roots of the Shia-Sunni divide now dominating the Persian Gulf’s political landscape. Dr Lindsay Whitfield MPhil in Development Studies and DPhil in Politics, 2000 The Politics of African Industrial Policy: A Comparative Perspective Cambridge University Press, 2015 (with Ole Therkildsen, Lars Buur and Anne Mette Kjær) Despite rapid growth in many African countries, there has been very little economic transformation, which is the key driver behind increasing incomes and raising the standard of living. This book sets out to understand why, developing a Politics of Industrial Policy framework for understanding the conditions under which industrial policies are successfully implemented. The framework is applied to explain the design, implementation, and outcomes of industrial policies in four African countries: Ghana, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda. Professor Geoffrey Wiseman DPhil International Relations, 1970 Isolate or Engage Stanford University Press, 2015 The volume systematically examines the challenges to and opportunities for US diplomatic relations with nine intensely adversarial states – China, Cuba, Iran, Libya, North Korea, USSR/ Russia, Syria, Venezuela, and Vietnam: states where the situation is short of conventional war and where the U.S. maintains limited or no formal diplomatic relations with the government.
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Antonian couples St Antony’s College is more than just a place for academic research; many enduring friendships have formed here over the years, and Cupid’s arrow has stricken many students as well. Here is a collection of stories on how Antonian couples met at College Professor Jonathan Brunsted (DPhil Russian and Eastern European Studies, 2003) and Professor Danila Serra (DPhil Economics, 2004)
Professor Daniel Bell (DPhil Politics, 1986) and Ms Bing Song (MLitt International Relations, 1989)
D a n ie l w r ite s: “I me t and married Bing Song at St Antony’s. We met in 1989 (we were neighbours on Winchester Road) and we married in the Buttery in 1990. The marriage has produced one kid -Julien Song Bell, now 20 years old - and we live in Beijing. We recently celebrated our 25th wedding anniversary in Sicily, and if possible we’d like to celebrate our 50th wedding anniversary at St Antony’s”.
Dr Tracy Beck Fenwick (DPhil Politics, 2004) and Dr Rolando Ochoa (MPhil Sociology, 2004)
Jonathan writes: “I arrived a year before my wife, Danila Serra. In my second year I was assigned to be the welcome “buddy” for the incoming Economics students (strange given I was in the History/REES field). In any case, of the six incoming economists I was assigned to welcome during Welcome Week, only one, this gorgeous Italian woman and my future wife, showed up. St Antony’s then paid for me to take the economists out for dinner for orientation purposes, and with the absence of the other 5 economics students it ended up being my wife’s and my first date. We fell in love and St Antony’s is absolutely central to our story. Soon after completing our degrees, we were married and just had a baby boy last year. We can’t wait to bring him to Oxford and show him around College, where his father exploited St Antony’s orientation week, its Late Bar, and many bops in order to win the heart of his mother.”
Dr Nigel Meir (MPhil Middle Eastern Studies, 1991) and Ms Shirin Narwani Meir (MPhil Middle Eastern Studies, 1990)
Nigel writes: “We met and immediately started arguing about the Middle East: Love conquers all or is it all is fair in love and war? We now have two daughters, Ava and Lara, aged 18 and 16.”
Tracy writes: “We met in 2005 at a St Antony’s formal dinner. Rolando was attending with his classmate Roderick and I was on a date (he had come down from London!). As luck would have it the four of us were the last ones to arrive at the dinner – Rolando was late because he went back to his room in Founders’ to change his shoes, and I was late because I’d been driving around Oxfordshire in a sports car. The four of us, who had never really met before as a group, ended up with the last four dinner places in the hall. After enjoying the delicacies on offer and consuming a not insignificant amount of wine, everyone proceeded to the Late Bar for the usual post-dinner party. The salsa came on and the dancing started. It is fair to say that was the end of my date. Due to our tardiness for dinner, we then married at Oxford in 2007, moved to Montreal after completing our DPhils, and have since had two sons: Felix and Samuel; we are both now lecturers at the Australian National University.”
Dr Philipp Schuller (D.Phil Politics ’93) and Ms Andrea Brown (MPhil Economics 1995)
It all started in the dining hall – where else? A squash racket poking out of Andrea’s backpack prompted Philipp to ask her if she wanted to have a game one day. Back then St Ant’s had both a squash court and a tennis court where student accommodation now sits. Following the squash game, Andrea & Philipp enjoyed a panini at Chez Gaston on Church Walk and the relationship blossomed. Andrea moved to Frankfurt four years after they met and they married 18 months later in July 2001, now 14 years ago. They still live in Frankfurt (which they never imagined at the time), have two children, Oscar 13 and Emily 11, and a wonderful Si-Rex cat, Dash. No one plays squash at the moment but they all play tennis.
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End of an era in the Porter’s Lodge In September 2015, after seventeen years at St Antony’s, porter Mick Mears retired. Dr Dorian Singh, Research Manager for the Dahrendorf Programme for the Study of Freedom, was overwhelmed with tributes – a Facebook group grew to over 700 people and a farewell card became a book. Mick had a huge impact on those who met him, as Dorian relates in the farewell speech she gave on Friday 25 September 2015
hen the dreaded word that we all had long feared got round that Mick the Porter was actually retiring, the reaction from both past and present students was generally a mixture of: 1) FLAT OUT DENIAL: He can’t. He can’t retire. The College will crumble into ruins and blow away. 2) TOUCH OF PANIC: Wait, he’s not retiring to write his memoirs, is he…? 3) URGENCY: How can we contribute to Mick’s send off?? Well, there was not much any of us can do to help the first two. But as for the third, a few of us thought it might be a nice gesture to gather some words of thanks and good luck for Mick and write them up in a card for him. It was the very least we could do for someone who had been so integral to the St Antony’s experience for so many of us. So, I set up a simple Facebook page where people could leave notes for Mick, and I invited a few close Antonian friends. And then I walked away from my laptop to have some dinner. So far, so good. When I returned half an hour later, that the initial group of around 13 friends had shot up to 92. Within the next 15 minutes it swelled to over 200. And it just kept growing. At current count, there are over 700 members of Mick’s Facebook page. Such is the admiration for Mick amongst students. Of course, it was now fast becoming apparent that this had taken on a life of its own. Our quaint retirement card was actually turning into a commemorative book. Messages to be added to this tome came flooding in from all corners of the earth. Even this very morning I got an email saying: Dear Dorian: HAVE I MISSED THE DEADLINE? I am in the Sumatran rainforest with dodgy internet. Let me know. Unfortunately, while that student’s contribution could not make into the book, hundreds of others did. In the process of assembling this book, I got to learn a few interesting things about Mick. First, the sheer number of Antonians that Mick has seen in various states of undress due to locking themselves out of their rooms after showering is staggering. Second, it’s now abundantly clear that if Mick ever does decide to come out of retirement he will have a fast-track application to MI6 – no questions asked. Third, at no other point in recorded histor y has one man achieved such phenomenal popularit y despite being incomprehensible at least a third of the time. And fourth, I can report that Mick now has standing offers to retire in comfort in: Bahrain, Berlin, Moscow, Jordan, Vancouver, Morocco and…Newfoundland. Apart from those revelations, other sentiments came through from the messages as well – sadness and relief, for a start: Relief from former Antonians that they would “not have to know a St Antony’s without Mick”. And sadness for future generations of Antonians who will never have the particular pleasure of sharing a much needed joke with
him in the Lodge late at night, while escaping the Gulbenkian Room and the stress of the looming thesis. Mick was most frequently described as a gentleman. A confidant. A mate. A father figure. And a friend. And indeed Mick has made many friends amongst the students here over the years. In fact, a number of them have travelled into Oxford – some from out of the country – to celebrate this day with him. It takes a truly remarkable person to garner that kind of outcropping of affection. And so it is with a heavy heart that, on behalf of your students, I would like to present you with this commemorative book as a token of our gratitude for all that you have done for us throughout the years. In the words of one student: St Antony’s will forever be a sadder place without you, Mick.
Mick Mears, Porter at St Antony’s College
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Annual Giving Malcolm Deas Fund
n 18-20 September the Latin American Centre celebrated its 50th anniversary. The Centre has been a vibrant research and teaching institution. Over the last few years the Centre successfully completed a transition, hired a new generation of scholars and launched new research projects; which are noteworthy not only in their academic merit but also in their policy impact. The Centre sustains one of the best libraries on Latin America and it has developed a close network of engaged and noteworthy alumni and former visiting fellows across the world. One of the challenges for the Centre and College is to build on these successes and ensure that Latin American Studies remains strong at Oxford for the next 50 years. To help the Centre, and supported by Dr Jaime Bermudez, the 50th Anniversary Fund in honour of Malcolm Deas, has been initiated. The Malcolm Deas Fund is designed to support a range of activities that enhance the Centre’s research, teaching, policy impact and students’ access. Jaime Bermudez: “For me, the Fund embodies the value of an Oxford education for Latin Americanists: strong academic background, innovative approach, free spirit, and in depth field work and local knowledge”.
big thank you to everyone who made the Antonian Fund so successful last year. The College was in 2014/15 able to award a total of 72 grants (Life at St Antony’s: 167; Academic Initiatives: 18; Writing Up Bursaries: 9; Travel and Research: 71; Scholarship – in conjunction with Clarendon: 1). All this would not have been possible without the support of the Antonian community - nearly £100k was donated by more than 400 Antonians. We very much hope to be able to do the same things for our students. For that, we will hold a telephone campaign in December and April. At the end of the year current students will call the United States and Canada and in spring Antonians in the rest of the world will be asked for their support. We hope you will accept their call and decide to make a contribution to the Antonian Fund. If you would like to make a donation to the Antonian Fund or Malcolm Deas Fund, please contact email@example.com
New Development and Alumni Communications Officer
he Development Office would like to welcome David Parker. He succeeds Monica Esposito who has found a great job at the Development Office of Nuffield College – a well-deserved promotion. David holds a master’s degree in Social Archaeology and joins us from the Ashmolean Museum. At St Antony’s David will be responsible for the College’s communications with the Antonian community, alumni events and the Antonian Fund.
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t Antony’s College is delighted to be able to offer the following scholarships and would like to thank Jusoor, the Swire Educational Trust, the Oxford and Cambridge Society Kenya, Eni and all individual donors for their support. If there is anyone you think fulfils the criteria for one of the scholarships, feel free to pass on the details. For more information, please see: http://w w w. sant.ox.ac.uk/prospective-students/feesand-funding/scholarships-new-students or of you have any questions about the scholarships please contact the Registry: firstname.lastname@example.org St Antony’s College is delighted to have received matched funding from the University of Oxford through its Graduate Scholarship Matched Funding Scheme. The Oxford Jusoor Graduate Scholarship and the Oxford Sir John Swire and Professor Rosemary Foot Graduate Scholarship were made possible through the generosity of our donors and the funding received from the University of Oxford.
Oxford Jusoor Graduate Scholarship
St Antony’s College and the University of Oxford, in partnership with Jusoor, are offering one scholarship a year for entry in 2016/17 and 2017/18 to a student who is a Syrian citizen or a stateless person residing in Syria to study for a one year Master’s degree at St Antony’s College. The scholarship is open to applicants who are Syrian citizen or a stateless person residing in Syria, and who have applied for a one year Master’s degree in any subject offered at St Antony’s College. Jusoor is an NGO of Syrian expatriates supporting the country’s development and helping Syrian youth realize their potential through various programs and initiatives in the fields of Education, Career, and Global Community Engagement.
Oxford Sir John Swire and Professor Rosemary Foot Graduate Scholarship
St Antony’s College a nd t he Universit y of Oxford, in partnership with the Swire Educational Trust and a group of A ntonians, are offering one scholarship to applicants who are ordinarily resident in one of the following countries: Brunei Darussalam,
Cambodia, China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Macao, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Timor-Leste and Vietnam, and who are applying for any full -time DPhil course within the range admitted by St Antony’s College. The scholarship covers course fees, College fees, and a grant for living costs. Awards are made for the full duration of your fee liability for the agreed course. Bing Song (M Lit t Internationa l Relations): “It is great that the Swire E duc at ion a l Tr u s t a nd a g roup of Antonians joined hands. Wang Hao and I were the first batch of China Swire scholars to Oxford. I am grateful to Swire, Oxford and St Antony’s which have shaped and changed my life. I am so glad that we are able to join hands after more than twenty years to make meaningful contributions to Oxford and St Antony’s.”
Swire / Oxford & Cambridge Society of Kenya Scholarships
St Antony’s College in partnership with the Swire Educational Trust and the Oxford and Cambridge Society of Kenya, is offering one scholarship a year for entry in 2016/17 to a student from Kenya for a one year Master’s degree. The scholarship is open to applicants who are citizens of Kenya and who have applied for a one year Master’s degree in any subject offered at St Antony’s College. The scholarships will be awarded on the basis of both academic merit and potential as well as financial need. Scholars should intend to return to Kenya after completing their Master’s degree, and preference will be given to applicants who have clear ambitions to use their accumulated learning to benefit Kenya.
Swire Centenary & Cathay Pacific and Swire/Cathay Pacific Scholarships
The Swire Centenary & Cathay Pacific and Swire/Cathay Pacific Scholarships a re generously f unded by t he Swire Educational Trust, founded by John Swire & Sons. Four fully funded scholarships a re av a i l a ble to g r a du ate s t udent s demonstrating exceptional academic merit and/or potential who will commence study on a course offered by St Antony’s College in 2016/17. The scholarships are open to applicants who are permanent residents of Japan or China (for the Swire Centenary & Cathay Pacific awards) or Hong Kong
(for the Swire/Cathay Pacific awards) who have completed the majority of their formal education in Japan (for Japanese permanent residents), China (for Chinese permanent residents) or Hong Kong (for Hong Kong permanent residents). The scholarships will be awarded primarily on academic merit, although financial need may be taken into account. Scholars must intend to return to Japan (for Japanese permanent residents), China (for Chinese permanent residents) or Hong Kong (for Hong Kong permanent residents) after completing their course of study. Preference will be given to applicants who plan to pursue a career in government, business, academia or a recognised profession. Applicants must apply for admission to a graduate course of study that is offered by St Antony’s College to start in 2016/17.
S t A n t o n y ’s C o l l e g e i n partnership with the international integrated energy company Eni, is offering one student who is an ordinary resident in Angola, Ghana, Mozambique, Nigeria or the Republic of the Congo (Congo Brazzaville) the opportunity to study for a fully funded one-year degree in 2016/17. Preference will be given to applicants whose first degree is from an African university and to those who have clear ambitions to use their accumulated learning to benefit their home country after graduation. The scholarships will be awarded on the basis of both academic merit and potential and financial need.
The Archie Brown and Alex Pravda Scholarship
Last year a small group of Archie and Alex’s friends and former students took the initiative to raise funds for a scholarship in their name. At present only 21% of the College’s students are fully funded, so endowed scholarships provide critical funding far into the future and will ensure that the College is able to attract students of the highest calibre, enabling them to fulfil their potential without being distracted, or even deterred, by financial concerns. The College still welcomes gifts towards the Archie Brown and Alex Pravda Scholarships which will support students who seek a deep understanding of the countries of the former Soviet Union and ex-communist countries in Central and Eastern Europe. 29
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Donors St Antony’s College Donors 2014-2015
We wish to thank all donors for their wonderful generosity; every gift makes a significant difference to the academic and student life at St Antony’s College. The list of names on this page is based on all gifts received by St Antony’s College between 1 August 2014 and 31 July 2015 and includes individuals, companies and foundations. Although we have aimed to produce a list as accurate as possible, we apologise for any errors or omissions. Please note that donations are sometimes received with some delay, especially from the United States, so if you have made a donation recently and your name is not in this list it will be included in the donor roll for next year. Individual Donors Ms Ariana Adjani Dr Asheesh Advani Mr Harold Aitken Dr Kelly Al Dakkak Dr Nayef Al Rodhan Dr Nike Alkema Ms Joan Alker Professor Hooshang Amirahmadi Dr Carol Amouyel-Kent Professor Evan Anderson Dr Pablo Andrade Ms Jennifer Angel Dr David Asher Dr Sylvester Awuye Mrs Amy Babcock Mr Siddik Bakir Mr Richard Balfour Dr Alexandra Barahona de Brito Mr Robert Beaman Dr Jonathan Becker Mr Owen Bennett-Jones Dr Michael Benson Commander Heidi Berg Mr Christopher Bishop The Revd Teresa Bolin Gilmore Dr Ricardo Borges de Castro Mr Trygve Borsting Mr Carter Brandon Ms Annegret Brauss Mr Christopher Bredholt Professor Archie Brown Ms Jessica Bryan Dr Pier Bryden Dr Kevin Bucknall Mr Scott Bulua Dr Tej Bunnag Ms Erin Burns Miss Wei Cai Professor Craig Calhoun Dr Svetlana Carsten Sir Bryan Cartledge Dr Nicholas Wai Kit Chan Dr Samuel Charap Dr Zhao Chen Mr Robert Chenciner Dr Po-King Choi Dr Fu-Shin Chong Mr Samuel Coldicutt Mr Nathan Converse Dr Inge Cramer Mr Michael Crawford
Dr William Crawley Lieutenant Rucker Culpepper Lady Ellen Dahrendorf Dr Gordon Daniels Dr Robert Danin Mr Alberto De La Fuente Professor Anne Deighton Dr Teun Dekker Mr Simon Dennett Mr Peter Desjardins Sra Nelly di Tella Dr Nadia Diuk Dr Martin Doble Mr Dorzhi Dondukov Mr Zapryan Dumbalski Mr Alan Duncan Dr Matthew Eagleton-Pierce Mr David Eaves Dr Beth Ebel Dr Mark Ellyne Dr Robert Elson Professor Ralph Elwood Professor George Enteen Ms Elizabete Ernstsone Professor João Espada Miss Emma Etheridge Professor Masaru Eto Mr Ahmad Fattahi Dr Curtis Faught Mr Anthony Fell Dr Fernando Ferrari Filho Mr William Flemming Dr Kate Flynn Professor Rosemary Foot Mrs Polly Friedhoff Mr Adrian Fu Ms Elisabeth Fullana Mr Jonathan Fulwell Dr Gilbert Gagné Marquess of Salisbury Robert Michael James Gascoyne-Cecil Mr Bassam Gergi Mr William Gerry Professor Roger Goodman The Rev Andrew Grills Professor Dr Günther Grünthal Professor Elizabeth Gunner Professor Jan Gunning Mr Tarun Gupta Dr Richard Haass Mr Anis Haggar Dr Ruth Hall
Mr Issac Hanna Dr Helen Hardman Mr Kohei Hashimoto Mr John Hazelden Mrs Nona MacDonald Heaslip Mrs Charlotte Heber Percy Professor Joseph Helguera Mr Peter Hermann Dr Stephen Hickey Mrs Elizabeth Holt Mr Matthew Holtzman Professor John Hooper Professor Geoffrey Hosking Mrs Catherine Hughes (dec.) Mr Carlos Humud Dr Andrew Hurst Professor Akifumi Ikeda Mr Kurt Illerbrun Ms Jennifer Innes Ms Amrita Jairaj Mr John James Dr Justinian Jampol Mr Kevin Jones Professor Heather Joshi Dr David Kahn Professor Jeffrey Kahn Mr Edward Kamman Dr Man Yee Kan Mr Sungjoo Kang Ms Asako Kariya Dr Georgia Kaufmann Professor Harry Kedward Professor Edmund Keeley Mr Roderick Kefferputz Professor Peter Kilby Professor Christoph Kimmich Professor Charles King Mr Trevor Kirby Ms Leslie Kirkham-Lacin Mrs Patricia Kirkwood Dr Katerina Kocourek Dr Nadiya Kravets Dr Bohdan Krawchenko Mr Rakesh Kumar Professor Eriko Kumazawa Dr Takamitsu Kurita Mr Tohru Kuroiwa Mr Alvin Lampert Mr Martin Landy Dr Patrick Lane Rear Admiral Neil Latham Mr Simon Lebus Mrs Seung Yun Lee Oxley Professor Matteo Legrenzi Mr Robert Lenzner Mr Gordon Leung Professor André Liebich Dr Alfred Lin Mr Mark Little Sir Michael Llewellyn-Smith Professor Abraham Lowenthal Dr Nancy Lubin Dr Nicholas Ludlow Dr Monika Luetke-Entrup Dr Dov Lynch Mr Thomas Lynch Dr Fiona Macaulay Professor Margaret MacMillan Mr Thomas MacMillan and Mrs Catharina MacMillan (dec.)
Miss Bansi Malde Mr Aaron Maniam Dr Mary Manjikian Professor Moshe Ma’oz Ms Anoushka Marashlian Professor Dr Bernd Martin Miss Alexandra Martins Dr Timothy Mau Dr J Kenneth McDonald Dr James McDougall Dr Steven McGuire Mrs Karen McLernon The Revd Donald McNeile Dr Nigel Meir Ms Magda Meliti Dr Martha Merritt Dr Carmelo Mesa-Lago Dr Jamie Metzl Professor Richard Meyer Mr Tom Milroy Dr Stephanie Mitchell Professor Kuniko Miyanaga Professor Isao Miyaoka Mr Sanjay Mody Ms Sophia Moradian Mrs June Morris Dr Ziba Moshaver Mr Trilokesh Mukherjee HE Dr David Mulford Mr Peter Munk Dr Iver Neumann Dr Julie Newton Mr Kelvin Ng Mr Quirin Niessen Mr Thomas O’Keefe Dr Molly O’Neal The Hon Kevin Pakenham Mr Juan Palou Trias Dr Hyun Park Commodore Graham Peach Mr Howard Pearce Dr Gustavo Perez Ramirez Mr Michael Petrou Miss Stephanie K.B. Pfeiffer Dr Emanuela Poli Mrs Irena Powell Professor Rene Provost Professor Stanley Rabinowitz Dr Francois Rebattet Dr Nicholas Redman Ms Eliza Reid Professor Richard Rice Mr Christopher Rickerd Mr Ralph Ricks Miss Verity Robins Ms Isabel Robins Mrs Valerie Robinson Ms Danielle Robinson Mr William Rosenfeld Mr Kevin Rosser Mr Joseph Rotman Mr Zbigniew Rurak Dr Henry Ryan Mr Erik Sabot Mrs Patricia Sanford Ms Helena Santos Lopes Dr Joseph Sassoon Mr Michael Scharff Ms Lisa Schiffman Ms Jennifer Schmidt
D e v e l o p ment
Miss Beatrice Schofield Dr Noa Schonmann Dr Joseph Schull Mr Wynn Segall Dr Leslie Seidle Ms Deborah Seraydarian Dr Sarah Sewall Mr Marwan Shakarchi Mr David Shapiro Professor Marshall Shatz Mr George Sherman Dr Varda Shiffer Mr John Shipman Ms Abigail Slenski Professor Peter Sluglett Dr Paul Smith Dr Julie Smith Mr Michael Smith Ms Bing Song Dr Thomas Soper Professor Robert Spencer (in memory of Professor Dr Gerhard A Ritter) Professor Alfred Stepan and Dr Nancy Stepan Mr Neil Sternthal Mrs Sally Stewart Ms Vivien Stewart Mr Marc St John Mr Hugh Stokes Mr John Stroud Professor Richard Sylla Dr Celia Szusterman Mr Kenzo Takeuchi Dr Susan Tamondong Dr Jose Tavara The Hon Charles Taylor Dr Matthew Tejada Ms Agnes Thambynayagam Ms Meredith Thatcher Dr Volker Then Dr Diarmuid Torney Dr Piero Tortola Mr Levent Tuzun Mrs Gail Ullman Ms Katherine Vine Mr Peter von Richthofen Mr Marco Vonhof Dr Alisa Voznaya Ms Suzy Wahba Mr Angus Walker Mr Phillip Walker Dr Wang Hao Mr William Ward Dr Richard Ware Dr Stephen Welch Ms Nike Wentholt Professor Nira Wickramasinghe Mr Aart Wildeboer Dr Kieran Williams Dr Kenneth Wilson Professor Hilary Winchester Dr Gernot Wittling Professor Pak-Nung Wong Professor Jonathan Wright Mr Makio Yamada Dr David Zaret Miss Marina Zarubin Dr Congming Zhang Ms Rachel Ziemba
Anonymous Donors and Gifts in Kind We would also like to thank seven anonymous donors and those who have given gifts in kind to the College. 1950 Society 2014/2015 (The 1950 Society has been set up to recognise and thank donors to the Antonian Fund. Everyone who makes a gift of £1,950 to the Antonian Fund in a year will be welcomed as a Society Member for that year). Dr Asheesh Advani Dr Martin Doble Professor Margaret MacMillan The Hon Kevin Pakenham Mr Zbigniew Rurak Leavers’ Society 2014/2015 (Members are those Antonians who make a gift in the two years after their graduation. Antonians retain their membership if they continue making a gift each year, no matter the size of the gift) Ms Annegret Brauss Dr Nicholas Wai Kit Chan Dr Kelly Al Dakkak Mr Trygve Borsting Mr Simon Dennett Mr Ahmed Fattahi Mr Bassam Gergi Mr William Gerry Ms Asako Kariya Mr Aaron Maniam Ms Sophia Moradian Mr Michael Scharff Ms Abigail Slenski Ms Meredith Thatcher Mr Levent Tuzun Dr Alisa Voznaya Ms Nike Wentholt Ms Makio Yamada Companies, Trusts & Foundations A G Leventis Foundation Aurea Foundation Baccata Limited Centro Studi Luca d’Agliano Donner Canadian Foundation Financial Market Policies Foundation Foreign & Commonwealth Office Goldman Sachs Foundation HSBC Investcorp Bank BSC John & Judy Bragg Foundation London School of Economics NATO Oxford Noble Foundation Oxford Strategic Consulting Stiftelsen Fritt Ord Tel Aviv University Thomson Reuters
s you will know, the Gateway Buildings were opened in 2013 and provide en-suite rooms, as well as office space. It also contains a new porters’ lodge and lobby, and conference facilities on the upper f loor. The Buildings give a sense of coherence to the entire College, pulling together buildings from different periods and architectural styles. Approximately half of the costs of the Gateway Buildings are funded through gifts and the other half is paid from loans. Rent and conference income is currently covering the loan finance. Further support is much needed and every pound raised for the Gateway Buildings will go directly into supporting our core activities and increase our possibilities to fund scholarships, travel grants, academic posts and research activities. The College is keen to honour and thank its donors, and one possibility is naming a room after a donor or a group of donors. What the College hopes is that through the naming opportunities in the Gateway Buildings – the diversity of the Antonian community will be represented. For £20k a student room in the Gateway Buildings can be named after a city, country, subject or year group. This summer, a group of Antonians who met each other in 1995, took the initiative and donated together £20k. Collectively, they decided to have the following words on a plaque adjourning one of the room: Antonian Friendship Room ‘And after all, you’re my wonderwall.’ In honour of the enduring friendships forged in St Antony’s Class of 1995 If you wou ld like to ta ke a simila r initiative, t he Development Director would be delighted to discuss with you: email@example.com
The Gateway Buildings, Architect: Bennetts Associates, Photographer: © Hufton + Crow
Antonian events We are delighted that St Antony’s College will be hosting various reunions throughout the year in many places around the world. Some of these events still have to be confirmed and invitations will be sent closer to the date.
Oxford – Torpids24-27 February 2016 St Antony’s Boat Club
Oxford – Summer VIIIs25-28 May 2016 St Antony’s Boat Club
Washington8 April 2016 (more details to follow)
SingaporeSeptember 2016 (more details to follow)
Oxford – Oxford Alumni WeekendSeptember 2016 (more details to follow)
Lima – Antonian Reunion Latin AmericaOctober 2016 (more details to follow)
The Development Offices also hopes to announce events in Boston, London, Seoul, The Hague and Tokyo. Events information and booking Please visit www.sant.ox.ac.uk/alumni-and-development/antonian-events or contact the Development Office: firstname.lastname@example.org +44(0)1865 274496
St Antony's annual newsletter featuring College and Antonian news and updates.