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w w w . A MERICANrace ho rs e. com

july/august 2015

In this Issue:

• American Pharoah, America’s Hero • The Ins and Outs of Hay • Understanding the Morning Line • Getting into the Ownership Game

A Division of Center Hills Farm


OKC SUMMER SALE • SUNDAY, AUGUST 16 OKLAHOMA CITY FAIRGROUNDS SALE ARENA WWW.CARTERSALESCO.COM Mighty Acres will have more than 20 head consigned as agent for:

• Center Hills Farm • Harmony Stables & Center Hills Farm • Harmony Stables • Rendell Saddler • Ron Erickson • Jon L. Starr • Leo Butell • CresRan Farm • Rockin’ Z Ranch

With yearlings by:

• Colonel John • Discreet Cat • Dominus • Don’t Get Mad • Dublin • Dunkirk • Kennedy • Kipling • Notional • Save Big Money • Temple City • The Visualiser • Toccet

All are accredited Oklahoma-breds except for Colonel John yearling (Arkansas-bred)

Previews available at the farm before the sale, contact Randy Blair at Mighty Acres. Mighty Acres wishes to thank all the mare owners for a successful breeding season! KIPLING • TOCCET • SAVE BIG MONEY • THE VISUALISER Mighty Acres

675 W. 470 Rd. • Pryor, Oklahoma 74361 Phone: 918-825-4256 • Cell: 918-271-2266 • Fax: 918-825-4255 www.mightyacres.com







T 2014


In This Issue:

s for the Layman Big • Prepurchase Exam Track Rider Won • Oklahoma BushIRAs and S Corps • Understanding

SUBSCRIBE TODAY! American Racehorse covers the racing and breeding industry in Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Indiana, Louisiana, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina and Texas and provides you with the news and information you need to know! Each issue features articles on horse health, secondcareer racehorses, horsemen and horses in the region and more, plus breeding, racing and sales news.

GET TWO FREE GIFTS WITH ANY NEW OR RENEWED SUBSCRIPTION! ••• Every American Racehorse subscription order through August 31, 2015, will receive a free horse stress reliever and light-up pen.



Choose [ ] 1 year for $49 or [ ] 2 years for $79 Name:_____________________________________________________________________________ Mailing Address:_____________________________________________________________________ City, State, Zip: ______________________________________________________________________ Email:______________________________________________________________________________ Amex/Visa/MasterCard #______________________________________________________________ Exp. Date_____________ CCV#_________ Phone: ________________________________________ Signature___________________________________________________________________________ Mail this form with a check or credit card info to: American Racehorse, PO Box 8645, Round Rock, TX 78683 Or subscribe online at www.AmericanRacehorse.com, fax to (512) 870-9324, call (512) 695-4541 or email info@americanracehorse.com 2


VALOR FARM STALLIONS MAKE HISTORY AGAIN In the first six months of this year, three Valor Farm stallions have sired a graded stakes-winning Texas-bred! No farm in Texas has ever done this! HE’S COMIN IN HOT took the Grade 3 Bashford Manor Stakes at Churchill Downs by daylight in his stakes debut. His sire, EARLY FLYER, is North America’s leading 2-year-old sire by number of winners through July 6 with NINE WINNERS from 10 starters; no other stallion has more than six! THEGIRLINTHATSONG captured the Grade 2 La Canada Stakes at Santa Anita and placed in the Grade 2 Santa Maria and Grade 1 Santa Margarita with lifetime earnings of $479,695. Her sire, MY GOLDEN SONG, is also the sire of 2014 graded stakes winner FIFTYSHADESOFGOLD ($420,521).

Seven-time stakes winner PROMISE ME SILVER ($440,415) scored a decisive win in the Grade 3 Eight Belles Stakes at Churchill on the Kentucky Oaks undercard. Her sire, SILVER CITY, is Texas’ leading active sire of stakes horses in 2015 with three. He has sired two graded stakes horses.

THANK YOU FOR ANOTHER GREAT BREEDING SEASON! CROSSBOW • EARLY FLYER • JET PHONE • MY GOLDEN SONG • SILVER CITY The Estate of Clarence Scharbauer, Jr. Ken Carson, General Manager Donny Denton, Farm Manager • David Unnerstall, Attending Veterinarian Post Office Box 966 • Pilot Point, Texas 76258 (940) 686-5552 • Fax (940) 686-2179 www.valorfarm.com • www.facebook.com/valor.farm


American Racehorse (formerly Southern Racehorse) covers Thoroughbred racing and breeding in Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Indiana, Louisiana, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina and Texas. The magazine reaches more than 6,000 readers and is mailed to all members of the Alabama HBPA, Arkansas Thoroughbred Breeders’ and Horsemen’s Association, Colorado Thoroughbred Breeders Association, Georgia Horse Racing Coalition, Indiana Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association, North Carolina Thoroughbred Association, Thoroughbred Racing Association of Oklahoma, South Carolina Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association and Texas Thoroughbred Association, plus more than 1,200 Louisiana horsemen. That makes it the largest racing and breeding magazine in the region by far. For more information or to inquire about advertising, contact Denis Blake at (512) 695-4541 or visit www.americanracehorse.com.


Online: www.americanracehorse.com Facebook: www.facebook.com/americanracehorse Twitter: @AmerRacehorse Email: info@americanracehorse.com Phone/Text: (512) 695-4541 Fax: (512) 870-9324 Published by Pangaea Enterprises LLC d/b/a American Racehorse American Racehorse P.O. Box 8645 • Round Rock, TX 78683 Physical Address American Racehorse 1341 Meadowild Drive • Round Rock, TX 78664 Editor/Publisher Denis Blake • info@americanracehorse.com Art Director Amie Rittler • arittler3@gmail.com Copyeditor Judy Marchman Contributing Writers Ciara Bowen John Alan Cohan Robert Stawicki, MS, DVM Denise Steffanus Fred Taylor Jr.

Photographers Denis Blake Ciara Bowen Mary Cage Coady Photography Amber Chalfin/ Down the Stretch Photography Dustin Orona Photography Fort Worth Star-Telegram Photograph Collection iStockphoto/©magbug iStockphoto/©FokinOl Linscott Photography Patricia McQueen Steve Queen Reed Palmer Photography/ Churchill Downs Danielle Rosier Cover Photo Horsephotos.com

Copyright © 2015 American Racehorse All rights reserved. Articles may not be reprinted without permission. American Racehorse reserves the right to refuse any advertising or copy for any reason. American Racehorse makes a reasonable attempt to ensure that advertising claims are truthful but assumes no responsibility for the truth and accuracy of ads. 4




Racehorse July/August 2015


Finally, a Triple Crown winner

33 The ins and outs of hay

Departments Letter to the Editor Fast Furlongs State Association News The Marketplace Classifieds

6 10 20 66

Features American Hero 26 A pictorial look back at American Pharoah’s Triple Crown triumph, the first the sport has seen since 1978 All About Hay 33 Forage expert says misconceptions exist regarding different types of hay and their nutritional value Laying Down the Line The morning line is a useful handicapping tool that is sometimes misunderstood

42 Training the next generation


Training Young Minds 42 New York’s Morrisville State College offers a unique program to prepare students to work in the Thoroughbred industry State-bred Success 52 Spring racing in Colorado, Indiana, Oklahoma and Texas showcased some of the top horses bred and sired in the respective states Tax Talk Operating in a businesslike manner


Ask a Vet Nutrition for the working stallion


Selling the Game Achieving your dream by having a plan, setting goals and keeping a budget


AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 5

Letter to the Editor Setting the Record Straight on Secretariat

Patricia McQueen

I happened across your magazine when I was looking for contact information for someone at the Texas Thoroughbred Association. Coincidentally there was an article on First Secretary in the May/June issue—awesome. I happen to be researching material for a book on some of Secretariat’s stakes winners and other offspring, so it was an interesting read. But I should correct one item in the sidebar—Tinners Way is not Secretariat’s last foal. That honor goes to the unraced Risen Starlet, who was born May 30, 1990. Tinners Way was born May 25. Lady Secretary, who was a maiden winner at Pimlico Race Course, was born May 28. So Tinners Way was his last colt but not his last foal. I know a lot about that last crop. I’m also a photographer, and I was on a mission back then to photograph as many of them as I could. I ended up with more than half of them. As you might notice, I’m passionate about the subject of Secretariat and his sons and daughters. I dare say I’m probably the only person in the world who photographed all nine of his Grade 1 stakes winners. I had to go to Australia to get one of them. Great magazine!

Risen Starlet, Secretariat’s final foal, never raced but was in training for a while at Belmont Park with Scotty Schulhofer. This photo of her is from the fall of 1992.

Patricia McQueen Framingham, Massachusetts

www.americanracehorse.com American Racehorse welcomes letters from its readers for possible publication. To submit a letter, send it to info@americanracehorse.com, fax it to (512) 870-9324 or mail it to American Racehorse, P.O. Box 8645, Round Rock, TX 78683. Letters may be edited for clarity and length. 6



ILLEGAL DOPING MEETS ITS MATCH Trainers Praise Natural Alternative By: Mark Hansen

The pressure to win is so enormous that many horsemen resort to whatever it takes to get a piece of the purse or a decent sale…even if it means putting their horses’ lives in mortal danger by doping them with illegal synthetic erythropoietin (EPO) drugs to boost endurance. Veterinarian Gary Smith said, “It’s a problem all over the industry. There is no way horses should be put on (synthetic) EPO.” So how do racers win? How do you gain a competitive edge without harming your horses or risking your livelihood? The answer may be found in a safe all-natural horse supplement that supports natural EPO function. Why is EPO boosting so critical? Just like in people, a horse’s muscles require oxygen for fuel. Red blood cells are the body’s oxygen-carrying cells. A higher red blood cell count = more oxygen = more muscle energy. Elevated muscle energy helps the horse perform harder, faster and longer during endurance events. All horses naturally produce EPO in their kidneys to stimulate production of new red blood cells from bone marrow. In short, EPO is a natural “blood builder.” With EPO doping, trainers try to boost the EPO effect to get a winning performance every time. They use a synthetic EPO (recombinant human EPO), even though the side effects can harm the horse. That’s one reason why it’s illegal. Fortunately there’s another option. EPOEquine® is a safe, highly effective natural dietary supplement scientifically engineered for performance horses. A Kentucky trainer who refused to give out his name, said, “I don’t want my competition to know about this.” He found EPO-Equine® to be

so effective that he’s dead set against disclosing who he is, who his horses are, or even where he trains and races. He first started ordering a single jar of EPO-Equine® once a month. Now he’s ordering several CASES each month. And he won’t tell BRL exactly why. He said respectfully, “Sorry – no way.” Bioengineers at U.S. based Biomedical Research Laboratories (BRL), first discovered a completely natural EPO-booster for human athletes (and it’s working miracles for top athletes and amateurs around the world). Seeing these results, horse trainers contacted BRL and asked about using this natural formula for their animals. That’s when the BRL team dug deeper and discovered a proprietary, horse-friendly strain of a common herb that promotes optimal bloodbuilding results. EPO-Equine® is based on the blood-boosting abilities of a certain strain of Echinacea that’s astounding researchers and trainers alike. (It’s not a strain you can find at the local health store.) Veterinarians at the Equine Research Centre in Ontario, Canada ran a double-blind trial investigating the blood building properties of the active ingredient in EPO-Equine® in healthy horses. For 42 days, one group of horses was supplemented with the active ingredient in EPOEquine® and another group of horses was given a placebo. The supplement delivered significant blood building results, increasing red blood cell count and hemoglobin levels. Researchers also observed improved blood quality and increased oxygen transport in the supplemented horses. Improved blood levels leads to elevated exercise physiology and performance. The patent-pending formula in EPO-Equine® contains a dozen different herbs, antioxidants and anti-inflammatory components combined to promote natural red blood cell production…for remarkable speed, strength and stamina right out of the gate. Trainers find it easy to add just 1 scoop (3.2 grams) of EPO-Equine® to the horse’s daily feeding routine in the barn or on the road. Within a few weeks of daily use, you can expect to see increased red blood cell levels with no undesirable side effects. An increase in red blood cell levels can improve muscle performance, supercharge endurance, and enhance recovery after hard exercise. Nothing else is scientifically proven to deliver these benefits in a completely safe and natural formula. Compared to the cost of veterinarians, drugs, icing, tapping the knees, and putting the horse on Bute; or even the consequences of being banned for synthetic doping, EPOEquine® is very affordable at the low price of just $59.95 per jar. Or save $180 if you are ready to commit to a larger trial of 12-jar case for just $539.55 with FREE shipping. EPOEquine® can be ordered at www.EPOEquine.com or 1-800-557-9055, and comes with a 100% money-back satisfaction guarantee.

fastfurlongs Grade 1 Winner and Sire Congaree to Stand at Lane’s End Texas

Lone Star Park

Congaree, a multiple Grade 1 winner and accomplished stallion, will stand the 2016 breeding season at William S. Farish’s Lane’s End Texas near Hempstead. Farm Manager Danny Shifflett said the 17-year-old stalCongaree and jockey Pat Day splashed to lion arrived July 8. A stud fee will an impressive win in the 2002 Lone Star be announced soon. Park Handicap. Congaree earned $3,276,490 during his racing career with five Grade 1 victories from seven furlongs to 1 ¼ miles in the Swaps Stakes, Hollywood Gold Cup, Carter Handicap and Cigar Mile (twice). He finished third in both the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes and also found success in Texas

with a victory in the Grade 3 Lone Star Park Handicap. As a stallion, Congaree has sired the earners of more than $15.4 million with 15 stakes winners. Among his progeny are Grade 1-winning millionaires Jeranimo and Don’t Tell Sophia. The latter is out of a daughter of Valid Expectations, Texas’ all-time leading stallion who stood at Lane’s End Texas until being retired from stud duty in 2013. Congaree is a son of champion Arazi out of the Grade 1-placed Mari’s Book mare Mari’s Sheba. Congaree’s half brother, Sangaree by Awesome Again, is a Grade 1-placed stakes winner who stands in Indiana. Congaree, who stood the 2015 season at Saratoga Stud in New York, was bred and campaigned by Texans Bob and Janice McNair’s Stonerside Stable and is still owned by the couple under the Magnolia Stable name.

Remington Park Announces Thoroughbred Stakes Schedule Remington Park in Oklahoma City has announced its stakes schedule for the 2015 Thoroughbred meet with a total of 33 events worth more than $3.5 million. Remington Park’s Thoroughbred season opens August 14 and runs through December 13. The Grade 3 Oklahoma Derby is the schedule’s richest race with a $400,000 purse. The spectacular Oklahoma Derby Day program on September 27 features seven stakes races worth a total of $1.05 million headlined by the Oklahoma Derby and supported by the $200,000 Remington Park Oaks, $150,000 Remington Park Sprint Cup, $100,000 Remington Green and three other events. The $250,000 Springboard Mile for 2-year-olds and the $100,000 Trapeze Stakes for 2-year-old fillies headline the season’s closing day. Lovely Maria, who was fourth in the 2014 Trapeze, went on to win this year’s Grade 1, $1 million Kentucky Oaks. A stellar night of stakes races for Oklahoma-breds falls on October 16, with the $1 million-estimated Oklahoma Classics. The program consists of eight stakes led by the $175,000-estimated Classics Cup for older horses going 1 1/16 miles. The other Classics races include male and female divisions for 2-year-olds and 3-year-olds and up at six furlongs, male and female divisions for turf runners going a route and the Classics Distaff for fillies and mares on the main track. 10


A pair of races for Oklahoma-breds have been added to the schedule late in the season. The $75,000 Don C. McNeill Stakes for 2-year-old colts and geldings at one mile will be held on November 27. The race is named in honor of the owner and breeder who passed away earlier this year. McNeill bred and campaigned the great Oklahoma-bred Clever Trevor. McNeill was inducted into the Oklahoma Horse Racing Hall of Fame at Remington Park in 2012, joining Clever Trevor. On the same program is the $75,000 Slide Show Stakes for Oklahoma-bred 2-year-old fillies. The race is named after the sensational filly who won 11 of her 12 Remington Park races, eight of them stakes events, in the mid-1990s. Overall, 18 of the stakes races on the schedule are restricted to Oklahoma-breds. The normal first post time during the season is 7 p.m. Racing will be conducted on a regular Wednesday-through-Saturday basis after the opening weekend is completed. Special Sunday programs will take place for the Oklahoma Derby on September 27 and for Springboard Mile Day on December 13. Both programs begin at 1:30 p.m. There will be holiday racing on Labor Day Monday, September 7, at 1:30 p.m. Afternoon racing on Black Friday, November 27, will also begin at 1:30 p.m. For the complete schedule, go to remingtonpark.com.


Texas Stallion Unbridled’s Heart Dies of Colic Unbridled’s Heart, a promising young Texas stallion whose first crop of foals hits the track this year, died June 8 after undergoing colic surgery. The 10-year-old son of Unbridled’s Song stood the 2015 breeding season at Double Infinity Ranch after previously standing at Keen Farms. Sold for $1 million as a yearling, Unbridled’s Heart broke his maiden at first asking for Darley Stable with a 10-length victory going 1 1/16 miles on the main track at Belmont Park. He earned a 101 Beyer Speed Figure for that effort and went on to record two more wins on the turf and to place in stakes at Belmont and Lone Star Park. His dam is the Farma Way

mare Wild Heart Dancing, a four-time graded stakes winner of nearly $600,000. “He was a breathtaking horse and made an impact on everyone that met him,” said Mary Cage owner Ian Yarnot. “We hope Unbridled’s Heart for his memory to live on through his babies but are heartbroken over his loss. He will be sorely missed but never forgotten.”

Texas, Louisiana Retired Racehorse Organizations Honored by Thoroughbred Charities of America To celebrate its 25th anniversary, Thoroughbred Charities of America (TCA) is presenting nearly 20 Awards of Merit throughout the year to individuals or organizations that are working to provide a better life for Thoroughbreds or the people who work with them, either on the backstretch or on the farm. The recipients are nominated by the leadership of various state Thoroughbred owners and breeders associations. In June, TCA announced Awards of Merit for two retired racehorse organizations in Louisiana and Texas. The Louisiana Horse Rescue Association (LAHRA) was honored at the Louisiana Thoroughbred Breeders Association’s awards banquet on June 6, and LoneStar Outreach to Place Ex-Racers (LOPE) was named the Award of Merit recipient at the Texas Thoroughbred Association’s awards banquet on June 20. LAHRA is a nonprofit organization that aims to rescue, rehome and retrain Thoroughbred racehorses. The organization is staffed exclusively by volunteers and has recently been involved in two large-scale horse rescues in Louisiana.

Since its inception in 2010, LAHRA has assisted more than 200 Thoroughbreds. LOPE is a nonprofit organization that works to help Texas racehorses through rehabilitation, retraining and rehoming services. LOPE employs an extensive retraining program to ensure its horses receive a strong foundation going forward in a new discipline. LOPE President Lynn Reardon has produced a horsemanship DVD, offers horsemanship clinics and is the author of Beyond the Homestretch. LOPE has assisted well over 1,000 Thoroughbreds. TCA was formed in 1990 to raise and distribute funds for charities in the Thoroughbred industry that provide a better life for Thoroughbreds both during and after their racing careers by supporting retirement, rescue and research and by helping the people who work with them. Over the last 25 years, TCA has distributed more than $21 million in grants to more than 200 Thoroughbred-related organizations. TCA is the charitable arm of the Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association.

AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 11

WHERE REAL CONSIGNORS AND REAL BUYERS COME TOGETHER! H CONSIGNOR SELECT YEARLING SALE H WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 2015 H OPEN YEARLING AND MIXED SALE H SUNDAY, OCTOBER 25, 2015 • CONSIGN NOW! • Make plans to join us at our state-of-the-art sales facility in Opelousas, Louisiana for the fastest-growing auction in the region!

Call us today or visit www.equinesalesofla.com for a consignment form and more information For Further Information: Foster Bridewell, Sales Director Tel: 214-718-7618 Web: www.equinesalesofla.com

Equine Sales Co.

372 Harry Guilbeau Road Opelousas, LA 70570 Tel: 337-678-3024 • Fax: 337-678-3028

ff Oaklawn Begins Work on New Barn, Other Stable Area Improvements Oaklawn Park has begun construction of a new barn that will replace one of the oldest barns in the stable area. It will be ready for the 2016 live racing season. The new barn, a steel beam and cinder-block wall construction, replaces Barn #2, one of the few remaining older, wooden barns in the stable area. It will be similar to the track’s most recent barn, which was constructed between the 2006 and 2007 live seasons and named after Smarty Jones. A decision has not been made on which famous racehorse with ties to Oaklawn the new barn will be named for. “Long-range, we’d eventually like to replace all of the older barns with more modern structures,” Oaklawn Plant Superintendent John Hopkins said. “We’ve come a long way toward that goal already.” The removal of Barn #2, along with another structure that was



used by the maintenance department, will allow Oaklawn to gain hundreds of additional public parking spaces. In addition, the oldest horse path to the racing surface is also being replaced by a new on/off gap positioned on the south turn. “Oaklawn has always been committed to racing first, and it’s exciting to be in a position where we can make improvements year after year to our racing program and stable area,” Director of Racing David Longinotti said. “Having Rebel Stakes and Arkansas Derby winner American Pharoah become the first Triple Crown winner in 37 years was the most exciting moment in the history of Oaklawn, and we’re looking forward to continuing that momentum into next year.” Oaklawn’s 2016 live meet is scheduled to run January 15 through April 16. Horses will begin arriving November 16.




Conveniently located 2 hours from Remington Park, 3 hours from Lone Star Park, and 5 hours from Ruidoso, this elegant ranch of 188 Acres, which was once home to such famous horses as Eyesa Special, Love Samba, and Valiant War Hero is now for Sale. This stunning show place includes the custom 3,544 Square Foot Spanish Style Home, designed with a Southern Ranch Flair. It contains 3 Bedrooms, 2 1⁄2 Baths, and a Chef’s Kitchen complete with custom granite counter tops and a Sub Zero Refrigerator. There is an 18 stall horse barn, with living quarters, mare foaling monitor, 23 paddocks with loafing sheds, a horse walker, and a covered round pen. In addition, there are 2 hay and storage barns, along with all the equipment being transferred to the new owner with the sale. There are also 3 Producing Oil Wells included!

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Reed Palmer Photography/Churchill Downs

Coady Photography

Texas-breds Ol Winedrinker Who, He’s Comin in Hot Win Major Stakes

Ol Winedrinker Who

He’s Comin in Hot

On the heels of Texasbreds Promise Me Silver and Texas Air winning graded stakes on the same day in May, two more horses bred in the Lone Star State picked up major stakes victories in June. First it was Ol Winedrinker Who, the reigning two-time Texas Champion Older Horse, capturing the $150,000 Downs at Albuquerque Handicap in New Mexico on June 13, and then He’s Comin in Hot made his stakes debut a winning one in the Grade 3, $100,000 Bashford Manor Stakes on June 27 at Churchill Downs.

Under a patient and well-timed ride by jockey Isaias Enriquez, Ol Winedrinker Who scored a convincing 4 3/4-length victory in the richest race of the Albuquerque meet. The 6-year-old gelding by Sligo Bay (Ire) covered his nine-furlong trip in 1:52.64 for trainer Joel Marr and breeders/owners Sam E. Stevens and Sammy L. Stevens. Raced at eight tracks in four different states, Ol Winedrinker Who has won 11 of 33 starts, and the $87,000 winner’s share of the purse pushed the gelding’s earnings to $598,603. For the third year in a row, a Texas-bred trained by Bret Calhoun and sired by a stallion at Valor Farm won an important 2-year-old stakes under the famed Twin Spires. This time around it was the Early Flyer gelding He’s Comin in Hot, who stopped the timer at 1:10.90 for six furlongs with Jamie Theriot aboard at odds of 4-5. He’s Comin in Hot runs for Douglas Scharbauer, whose father, Clarence Scharbauer Jr., started Valor Farm in Pilot Point, Texas. Valor Farm is the breeder of He’s Comin in Hot and also the home of stallion Early Flyer. He’s Comin in Hot improved his record to 4-2-1-1 with earnings of $96,510. The Bashford Manor was on the same card as the $100,000 Debutante Stakes for fillies, which was won by Calhoun trainees Fiftyshadesofgold, by My Golden Song, in 2013 and Promise Me Silver, by Silver City, in 2014.

The Arkansas Breeders’ Sales Company Fall Mixed Sale November 29, 2015 Hot Springs, Arkansas Lower entry fee and less commission raise your bottom line! Come join us and take full advantage of selling where top stables gather for the best winter racing in America – Oaklawn Park. Entry Fee: $350 per horse No commission on first $4,000 bid – 5% thereafter

Entry Deadline: September 16, 2015 For further details contact C. F. (Frank) Newman, Sales Director Arkansas Breeders’ Sales Company (479) 650-5837 nvbfrank@gmail.com AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 15

More Than $200,000 Raised for PDJF at Indiana Grand’s “Jockeys & Jeans” A packed house came together May 30 for the second annual “Jockeys & Jeans” at Indiana Grand Racing & Casino. As a result, a total of $201,078 was raised for the Permanently Disabled Jockeys Fund (PDJF) through sponsorships, ticket sales, donations, and live and silent auctions that featured more than 100 items. “Bringing Jockeys & Jeans to Indiana and to the Midwest is another step our company has taken in our commitment to horse racing,” said Jim Brown, president and COO of Centaur Inc. and general manager of Indiana Grand. “Both of our properties [Indiana Grand and Hoosier Park] continue to work toward the betterment of the sport, and organizations such as PDJF are vital to the growth and well-being of the horse racing industry.” The evening was emceed by Peter Lurie, a nationally known on-air racing analyst and handicapper, and coincided with the live racing program at Indiana Grand, which included the $75,000-added Indy Star Stakes and the $75,000-added PDJF Stakes, both held on the turf. Handle for the evening also saw a boost on the 10-race card that included two American Quarter Horse races with a total of $969,088 wagered, marking the second-largest Saturday night for the 2015 season, trailing only Kentucky Derby Day when more than $1.3 million in handle was recorded. Jeff Boone and Associates Auctioneers provided all services for the night as a gift to the event, which included online bidding and live streaming bidding during the live auction. The auctions brought in a total of $87,250 with the highest item, a one-of-a-kind Billy Lopa painting, bringing $30,000. Jockeys & Jeans was complemented by appearances from several legendary jockeys including Walter Blum, Bill Boland, Steve Cauthen, Patti

Cooksey, Jean Cruguet, Pat The PDJF Stakes trophy presentation included Day, Dave Erb, Earlie Fires, racetrack and PDJF representatives, winning Mike Manganello, Chris jockey Fernando De La Cruz, plus the disabled McCarron, Laffit Pincay jockeys (front row, from left) Michael Straight, Jr., John Rotz, Barbara Jo Anne Von Rosen, Tad Leggett, Jack Fires and (back row, center) Stacy Burton, with the trophy. Rubin and Jorge Velazquez. They were featured in a meet and greet with the public during the night and were joined by several area celebrities who served as honorary committee members. In addition, five disabled jockeys who directly benefit from PDJF were on hand and helped present the trophy to the winner of the PDJF Stakes. Those riders included Michael Straight, Anne Von Rosen, Tad Leggett, Jack Fires and Stacy Burton. The evening was capped off by a special presentation from Helping Hands for Freedom. Patrick Shannon, co-founder of the organization and also a Purple Heart and Bronze Star recipient, presented PDJF with a check for $10,000 to assist the cause. Helping Hands for Freedom assists military families during injury, loss and/or deployment, and Shannon pointed out that they are very aware of what injuries can do to individual and their families. “The goal of Jockeys & Jeans from the very start was to raise money and awareness for PDJF, and we are overwhelmed at the support brought in by everyone involved,” said Jon Schuster, vice president and general manager of racing for Indiana Grand. “Getting such a national response from the legendary jockeys that were in attendance to show their support for PDJF was a great boost. PDJF supports over 60 disabled riders and having some of those jockeys at the event was also very gratifying. We are so grateful to everyone who contributed their time, skills and resources to make this event such a huge success.”

Remington Park Renames Race to Honor Barry Sportscasters Remington Park will change the name of one of its Oklahoma-bred stakes to honor Oklahoma media icon Bob Barry Jr., who died June 20 in a traffic accident in Oklahoma City. Remington Park is renaming the August 28 Ladies on the Lawn Stakes as the Bob Barry Memorial Stakes. The race will also pay tribute to Barry Jr.’s father, Bob Barry Sr., who passed away in 2011. The race for Oklahoma-bred fillies on the turf has been contested since 2009 and will now recognize the 60-year era of Bob Barry Sr. and Bob Barry Jr. working behind a microphone or on camera in Oklahoma. The 2015 Remington Park Thoroughbred season will be the first in the track’s history not covered in some capacity by Barry Jr., the longtime Oklahoma City sports director at KFOR-TV (succeeding his father in 1997) and host of Sports Morning at WWLS-98.1 FM, The Sports Animal. “There was no more beloved member of the media in this region than Bob Barry Jr. and there’s a reason for that,” noted Remington Park President and General Manager Scott Wells. “We watched him grow up. He had big shoes to fill and did so admirably. All of us at Remington Park will dearly miss him.” A six-time Sportscaster of the Year in Oklahoma, Barry Jr. had been at 16


KFOR NewsChannel 4 since 1982. He tirelessly covered all sports including Remington Park horse racing, giving the top events at the track their due in sportscasts under his watch. “Junior always made sure the biggest races and stories at Remington Park were included in the local highlights on NewsChannel 4,” noted Dale Day, track announcer at Remington Park, who worked briefly with Barry Jr. while at WWLS in the early 1990s. “Renaming one of our Oklahomabred races for both Bob Barry Jr. and Sr. is a fitting tribute to a pair of Oklahomans who loved all sports in our state.” Barry Sr. began his broadcast career in 1955 at KNOR-AM in Norman. He was selected as the University of Oklahoma play-by-play announcer by legendary coach Bud Wilkinson in 1961, just prior to beginning his career at KFOR-TV (then WKY-TV) in 1966. Barry Sr. also called Oklahoma State football and basketball (1973–1990) before returning to call Oklahoma games from 1991 to 2011. Barry Sr. was the sports director at KFOR from 1970 to 1997, when he handed the reins to his son. He retired from KFOR in 2008 and is a member of both the Oklahoma Journalism Hall of Fame and Oklahoma Sports Hall of Fame.

Linscott Photography


Panama Wins World Jockey Challenge at Indiana Grand Linscott Photography

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A five-horse photo finish in the final race was needed to determine the outcome of the second annual World Jockey Challenge at Indiana Grand on June 27. The combined efforts of jockeys Albin Jimenez and Abel Lezcano paid off as the duo represented their home country of Panama and won four races on the card to take the title with 48 points over the United States with 47 and Mexico with 43. Peru finished third with 28 points followed by Venezuela (13), Puerto Rico (8) and Italy (3). There were four lead changes throughout the 10-race card for the Riders from nine countries competed in the World Jockey Challenge. top spot in the challenge that included Thoroughbred and American Quarter Horse jockeys. eight. Venezuelaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Olaf Hernandez was the lone rider representing his â&#x20AC;&#x153;This was a lot of fun and everyone in the room seemed to have a country and picked up 13 points on his own in the competition. Orgood time,â&#x20AC;? said Jimenez, who is Indiana Grandâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s leading rider. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a lando Mojica was the same for Puerto Rico, earning eight points. In all, great feeling to win the challenge and I thank Abel for helping get the job there were nine countries represented in the competition that included done. We were in the room and I told him, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s just me and you, man. 28 jockeys. Points were awarded for the top four finishers in each race, We have to work together to win this.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; It was like that with everyone. with 10 points for a win, five points for second, three points for third They were all supporting each other and keeping score during the races.â&#x20AC;? and one point for fourth. Ironically, Lezcano came into the jocksâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; room to ride just one horse In addition to the World Jockey Challenge, the evening included spein the second race, one of two winners on the night for him. Due to cialty foods from six different countries at the outdoor food venues along rider changes, he ended up riding four on the night. with several beverages from other countries. Two Polynesian dancers perThe U.S. team had the most jockeys with nine while Mexico had formed between races, including a crowd-pleasing routine with fire.

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State Association News Alabama HBPA News Birmingham Race Course Update Although we give it a very, very slim chance, gambling at the four dog tracks in Alabama is being talked about as a source of revenue to help offset the state’s deficit. The conservative Republican Senate Pro Tem Del Marsh says he will introduce legislation to authorize a lottery and casino gambling, saying that it is time to let the people of Alabama make a decision on gambling. Three-fifths of Alabama legislators and a majority of voters would have to approve the gambling proposal. The lottery proposal was handily defeated when put on the ballot several years ago. What does this mean for horsemen? Birmingham Race Course, originally a horse track, is one of the four dog tracks being talked about. The contract from the Alabama Thoroughbred Association with the track operator, Jefferson County Racing Association (JCRA), was established back in the early 1990s and only guarantees a daily purse structure of $85,000 should gambling be allowed. Even though it is highly unlikely that gambling would be approved, this would not be sufficient to run a quality horse meet. The JCRA has been unwilling to discuss a live horse meet with the Alabama HBPA.

Alabama HBPA Loses Longtime Member Our condolences go out to the family of longstanding Alabama HBPA member John B. Porter of Brooksville, Florida. John passed away on April 16. A trainer at Birmingham Race Course during the days of live racing, John passed his love of racing on to his daughter Tracy, who along with her husband, Randy Nunley, trains and races out of Delaware Park.

Arkansas Thoroughbred Breeders’ and Horsemen’s Association News Mixed Sale Set for November 29 in Hot Springs The Arkansas Thoroughbred Breeders’ and Horsemen’s Association has announced, on behalf of the Arkansas Breeders’ Sale Company, that a fall mixed sale will be held in Hot Springs on November 29. Sales Director C.F. “Frank” Newman stated that “with the tremendous growth of purses at Oaklawn Park, a mixed auction has been needed for some time to meet the growing demand of horses by the top stables that gather each year for the best winter racing in America.” The sale will feature 2-year-olds in training that will be eligible to race within 45 days at Oaklawn. Oaklawn’s 2015 live meet began with maiden special weight purses at $60,000, and by the end of the live meet, purses had increased to $65,000. With Oaklawn’s maiden special weight purses being the highest in the country, registered Arkansas-breds are becoming quite popular with some of the better outfits. The sale will also include weanlings, yearlings and in-foal broodmares. Past graduates of the Arkansas sale include Arkansas Derby winner Rampage. “Our lower entry fee and commissions raise the bottom line of consignors,” Newman added. 20


The closing date for the sale is September 16. For more information and consignment contracts, contact Newman at the Arkansas Breeders’ Sales Company at (479) 650-5837 or nvbfrank@gmail.com.

Colorado Thoroughbred Breeders Association News Get Happy Mister Named Colorado-bred Horse of the Year Get Happy Mister was named the 2014 Colorado-bred Horse of the Year at the Colorado Thoroughbred Breeders Association Awards Dinner held at Arapahoe Park on June 27. The award honored one of the best campaigns in the history of Colorado horse racing. Get Happy Mister completed an undefeated 2014 season at Arapahoe Park with five victories, four of them in stakes. His top performance was a 2 3/4-length victory in the $100,000 Arapahoe Park Classic. He also earned the title as top older colt/gelding. Bred by Willard Burbach, the 5-year-old bay gelding sired by First Samurai is owned by Annette Bishop, trained in Colorado by Kenneth “Butch” Gleason and ridden in Colorado by Mike Ziegler. Based in Southern California in 2015 in the barn of Bishop’s son-in-law, Mark Tsagalakis, Get Happy Mister won the Grade 3, $100,500 San Simeon Stakes at Santa Anita on April 19 in his first race on turf with Tyler Baze aboard. With that victory, Get Happy Mister became the highest-earning Colorado-bred ever at $384,928, passing the $342,783 career earnings of Cut of Music. “He’s an outstanding horse. He’s very deserving,” Bishop said. Hall of Fame trainer Jack Van Berg shared stories from his halfcentury of experience in horse racing as guest speaker at the CTBA awards dinner. Van Berg also served as auctioneer for a charity auction that included special memorabilia from Van Berg’s 1987 Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes victories with Alysheba. Proceeds will be donated to CANTER Colorado, an organization that finds new homes for retired racehorses. “I love the people. I love how down-to-earth they are. It’s like family,” Van Berg said about Arapahoe Park. Other Colorado-bred honorees included Sudies Storm (older mare) for breeder/owner Susanne Wadleigh, Bridlewood Angel (3-year-old filly) for breeder/owner Doyle Huber, Mr Wild Kitty (3-year-old colt/ gelding) for owner Lynne McGregor and breeder Menoken Farms (Linda Wood), Ms. Battlefield (2-year-old filly) for breeders and owners Sandra Kutz and Greg Lebsock, and Sky T (2-year-old colt/gelding) for owner Richard Lueck and breeder Glen Scott. Burbach was honored as Colorado champion breeder and Bishop’s Tangarae LLC as Colorado champion owner. Burbach’s Sara Margaret, the dam of Get Happy Mister, was named champion broodmare, and Oliver’s Twist, who stands at and is owned by Linda Wood’s Menoken Farms, was named champion stallion.

Georgia Horse Racing Coalition News Horse Racing in Georgia: The Starting Gate Remains Closed By Carl Danbury Jr. Reprinted with permission from Points North Atlanta The mane on my neck, nearly all the way down to my withers, stands at attention the first Saturday in May when more than a score of 3-year-olds are loaded into the starting gate at Churchill Downs in Louisville. As they begin a five-week odyssey hoping to become the first Triple Crown winner since Affirmed pulled off the miraculous feat in 1978, I paw at the ground in anticipation. As a Georgia resident, however, most times the pawing is from frustration. Because I live here, the thrill of victory—that is, of picking the winner in one of the three Triple Crown races, the Breeders’ Cup or 40,000-plus other races held around the country each year—and cashing a winning ticket is only possible if I travel elsewhere. Yes, I can go to Kentucky or Florida, or a dog track in Alabama to place a wager, or I can engage in illegal offshore wagering or call a local bookie, but I can’t wager legally online from the comfort of home nor at a local track or off-track wagering parlor. As a result, a portion of the revenues that Georgia misses out on winds up in the saddlebags of other, perhaps more progressive states. It’s not a big deal to some people, but having the ability to wager on races like the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness or the Belmont Stakes was a part of my silks for years. ••• Suwanee, Georgia, residents Patti and Dean Reeves own 10 horses, including 2013 Breeders’ Cup champion Mucho Macho Man, now retired and standing stud at Adena Springs in Kentucky. They help lead the Georgia Horse Racing Coalition’s fight, alongside Woodstock’s Steven Crayne, founder of Starting Gate Marketing LLC and executive director of the GHRC, who said the legislative fight for pari-mutuel wagering in Georgia is like a steeplechase course. “Opposition to this legislation only needs one-third of the vote to defeat it,” Crayne said. “Any legislation must have two-thirds of the vote for it to be introduced. We were just two votes short in the Senate, and there were 10 outstanding undecided votes. Sometimes, you get the impression that some are more focused upon keeping their legislative jobs than they are about creating thousands of jobs and increasing revenues for the state.” To read the complete article with more information about the efforts to bring pari-mutuel racing to Georgia, go to pointsnorthatlanta.com.

Indiana Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association News Indiana Derby News This issue went to press just before the running of the Grade 2, $500,000 Indiana Derby presented by Indy Star and Grade 2, $200,000 Indiana Oaks at Indiana Grand on July 18, but both races were shaping up to be among the best ever. Bob Baffert, trainer of Triple Crown winner American Pharoah, had three of the 57 nominations for the Indiana Derby, which this year was

moved to a July date for the first time in its 21-year history. Todd Pletcher had nine nominees, and a total of 13 nominees had faced American Pharoah. “The nomination lists for both the Indiana Derby and the Indiana Oaks are very impressive,” said Jon Schuster, vice president and general manager of racing at Indiana Grand. “We are pleased to see so much support for the Derby and the Oaks. This will be the first year in the history of the Derby it has not been held the first Saturday in October. We knew there was some risk in moving the race to July, but with better weather and a look at the horses on the nomination list, I believe the move has only strengthened this race, which has always received national attention.” WISH-TV was scheduled to provide live coverage of both races from Indiana Grand. For a recap of the race, go to americanracehorse.com and look for coverage in the September/October issue.

ITOBA Stallion Season Stakes Races Set for August 26 Two divisions of the ITOBA Stallion Season Stakes are set for August 26 at Indiana Grand. Each division, one for fillies and one for colts and geldings, will offer a $75,000-added purse for 3-year-olds going one mile on the main track. The stakes are restricted to nominated offspring of eligible stallions. For a list of eligible runners, information on eligible stallions and nomination forms for the 2016 and 2017 Stallion Season Auction Stakes, go to itoba.com or call (317) 709-1100.

Fall Mixed Sale Reminder The ITOBA Fall Mixed Sale is set for October 25 at 2 p.m. at the Champions Pavilion at the Indiana State Fairgrounds in Indianapolis. Sale packets are now available online and the entry deadline is September 18. For more information on the sale, go to itobasales.com or call (317) 7525694.

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State Association News North Carolina Thoroughbred Association News President’s Message I would like to thank Rebecca Montaldo for her write up of the Belmont Stakes from June 6, when the Thoroughbred world finally got a Triple Crown winner in American Pharoah. Congratulations to all the connections from the NCTA. Rebecca was one of the lucky ones to see this happen in person and sent photos and messages through Facebook about her experience. I asked her to write something about her experience, which you will find below. I hope you enjoy reading it as much as I did. Please send us pictures of babies and breeding updates for the coming year to the NCTA so I can include them in future communications. Joanne Dew, NCTA President

Racing News Following are some recent winners with ties to NCTA members. For a complete list, including horses that placed for NCTA members, check out our Facebook page. Bob Sanford bred a winner in Son of Posse, a 7-year-old gelding who took a claiming race at Parx Racing on June 9 and followed that up with two second-place finishes later in the month. Congratulations to Bob. Milaya broke her maiden at Delaware Park on June 23 by five lengths. She is owned by George and Stephanie Autry. What a nice win for this 3-year-old filly. Quando Wando was a winner at Fort Erie on June 14 by daylight against maiden claiming company. This 3-year-old-filly, who was claimed out of the race, was owned by Bill Thompson in partnership with Laurie Silvera. Nancy Shuford bred Incremental, a 3-year-old gelding by Flatter out of the Chelsey Cat mare Sister Chelsey, who was a maiden claiming winner at Prairie Meadows on June 19. Nancy stands Chelsey Cat at her farm in Hickory, North Carolina. Taliesin won a claiming race on June 20 at Belterra Park for breeder Jim Chandley, who owns the 4-year-old filly’s sire, Misbah.

A Day to Remember at Belmont Park By Rebecca Montaldo My attendance at the Belmont Stakes almost didn’t happen. Due to a planned trip to London later in June, I convinced myself I wasn’t going to be able to go to New York this year to watch the races on June 6. Money can be a limiting factor when planning vacations, especially when you own horses. Nonetheless, I was thrilled that my Kentucky Derby pick, American Pharoah, won the first two jewels of the Triple Crown. Well, I didn’t even have time to bemoan the fact that I wasn’t going to see him compete in the final leg, when immediately after he won the Preakness Stakes, a text came in from my Long Island friend. It read, “I got us tickets to the Belmont Stakes yesterday, just in case.” OMG!!!! Instantaneously, my budgetary convictions vanished as I turned to my husband and proclaimed that I was going to the 22


Belmont. Of course having a slight concern for his opinion on the matter, I added, “You don’t mind, do you?” Being a smart man, he was fully supportive of my adventure. Within minutes, my plane reservations were made. I was going. Oh no, I was going, ugh. I thought American Pharoah stood a great chance to ride into the history books with a win in the Belmont. Victor Espinoza was his pilot and the colt had Bob Baffert training him. He possessed the mind and stature, breeding and form to complete the task. Although those things may seem important and advantageous, I knew, in the end, that these attributes would not be enough. Sure, he would face fresh horses and the campaign to win a Triple Crown is a grueling one, to say the least. However, none of these hurdles compared with his biggest obstacle, my attendance. I knew I had to formulate a plan that would help him overcome my jinx effect. The first thing I had to do was to harness my excitement. My friends couldn’t understand my blasé attitude when discussing going to Belmont or the Pharoah’s chances of winning. You see, I couldn’t tell them that it was part of the plan. How could I possibly explain that I held the reins of triumph in my hands? It was up to me alone whether a Triple Crown was going to happen. I’ve been here before and I am convinced that my support and presence had the previous contenders beat before they even ran in the Belmont Stakes. Soon, I started to experience the anxiety of my responsibility. My stress manifested into physical symptoms. My right eye started twitching and I almost rubbed my hair out on the top of my head. That was okay. I would survive. The other part of my plan was to not show any outward support for this son of Pioneerof the Nile. I couldn’t purchase a cap or T-shirt, not even a lapel pin. As a collector of all these things, it took tremendous discipline on my part not to buy this merchandise. So now, I could add withdrawal to my anxiety. Furthermore, I would not dress up in the Zayat Stable colors, even though they are some of my favorites. I wouldn’t buy any new themed outfits as I have done previously. There would be no fancy chapeau or fancy dress. I would simply wear a top, skirt and loaferstyled Sketchers. My attire was quite subdued and not impressive for the clubhouse section where we were seated, but I would have to endure my humble garments for the sake of history. Some folks might find all this a bit silly and nonsensical, but not a racetracker. They know that superstition is a large part of the game. They know that wearing the same socks that helped win a previous race will certainly contribute to continuous victories. Just as I knew that my attendance could dash the hopes of millions if I didn’t change my “way of going.” Finally, the day came. All my work was going to be put to the test. Although, I must confess, I did buy one $2 win ticket on American Pharoah. Last year, however, I bought 10 California Chrome win tickets for friends and family as souvenirs. Sorry folks at home, none for you this year. We all know the outcome of the race. What you didn’t know before now is how much I contributed to this successful result! When American Pharoah was making his stretch run and his lead widened as Frosted faded, it was clear that my jinx was conquered by all my

sacrifices. I am sure that Ahmed Zayat would appreciate my efforts, if he only knew. So, if you happen to know him, just fill him in. He might want me at the Breeders’ Cup this year, and I don’t have tickets. So, Mr. Zayat, if you throw some tickets my way, I promise to wear the same humble outfit that I wore to the Belmont Stakes.

Thoroughbred Racing Association of Oklahoma News Fortunes Handicapping Contest Set for September 26

Remington Park will present the Fortunes Handicapping Contest on Saturday, September 26, with a minimum prize pool of $10,000. The contest costs $125 to enter, plus a $120 real money bankroll with $15 bet on each of eight live races that night at Remington Park. Contestants must place at least one win wager per race, and the remainder may be divided up by either place, show, exacta or trifecta wagers. Following Remington Park’s eighth race, the contestant with the highest bankroll will be declared the contest winner. Contestants will have exclusive access to the Fortunes Terrace as well as a buffet provided by the Bricktown Brewery from 6:00 p.m. through the end of racing. The winner will receive 60 percent of the prize pool with money paid down to 10th place. For more information, go to remingtonpark.com or call (405) 4241000, ext. 3537.

Dates to Remember

The Carter Sales Co. OKC Summer Sale, which will include yearlings and horses of racing age, is scheduled for August 16 at the Oklahoma City Fairgrounds. For more information, go to cartersalesco.com. Heritage Place’s annual Thoroughbred sale, with a yearling session added this year, is October 4 in Oklahoma City with an entry deadline of August 25. Get more information at heritageplace.com. TRAO reminds all horsemen that the annual TRAO Champions Award Banquet is set for July 31 at the historic Skirvin Hotel in Oklahoma City. For more information, go to traoracing.com.

Owner/Breeder Gerald Dixon Dies Gerald L. Dixon, a popular, if not iconic, Thoroughbred owner and breeder from Guymon, Oklahoma, passed away the evening of July 7. He is best known as the owner of 2012 Oklahoma Horse Racing Hall of Fame inductee Highland Ice, a five-time Remington Park champion and 1997 Horse of the Meet. Highland Ice won 16 of 48 races, including a record nine stakes at Remington Park. Dixon was a jockey, farmer, landowner, poet and author in 2009 of his memoirs titled, 80 Years of Memories in No Man’s Land. At age 75, Dixon took great pride in being licensed as a hotwalker for his Oklahoma-bred Highland Ice. He would report to the stable area at Remington Park in the mornings to visit Highland Ice, bring him carrots and walk him in the shedrow. Dixon fell in love with horse racing due to his family’s involvement and referred to himself as “a small-time jockey who had big-time fun.” Known for his perpetual smile and keen memory, he maintained tremendous pride in his hardscrabble Western Oklahoma roots, saying, “hard times opened doors for me.” Up to his death at age 92, Dixon would drive himself from Guymon to the races in Oklahoma City.

Dixon’s wife, Vonda, preceded him in death in 1994, and he is survived by his son, Jerry Dixon, and daughter, Rae Jean Humble, who reside in Guymon.

Former TRAO Director Ron Blalock Dies Ronald Dale “Ron” Blalock, a former TRAO board member and longtime horseman, died June 28 at the age of 76. Born in Konawa, Oklahoma, Blalock was a businessman in Oklahoma City and a founding member, officer and director of the Independent Finance Institute (an association of small loan companies). He raced Thoroughbred horses around the region in the name of High Hopes Thoroughbreds, and he was a member of both TRAO and the Texas Thoroughbred Association. He also served on the boards of Uptown Kiwanis and Campfire Girls of OKC. He is survived by Linda C. Blalock, his loving wife of 36 years; his daughters, Deanna Lynn Blalock-Polley and husband Dave of Madison, Wisconsin, and Barbara Kay Blalock of San Rafael, California; his son, Ronald D. Blalock II of Oklahoma City; his grandsons, Alex Blalock of San Rafael and Owen Foster of Jones, Oklahoma; his brother, Jeffrey Blalock and wife Carol of McKinney, Texas; and nieces and nephews. In lieu of flowers, donations to the Salvation Army would be appreciated by the family.

South Carolina Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association News SCTOBA Member Has Two Exciting Foals SCTOBA member Nancy Terhune, whose training operation is based near Camden, South Carolina, has two exciting colts on the ground that are products of her breeding program. Both are out of stakes-winning Lion Hearted mares that Terhune bred in West Virginia with Ernest Frohboese and raced to great success. Aspenglow, a four-time stakes winner who placed in the Grade 2 Barbara Fritchie Handicap at Laurel Park and retired with a record of 23-14-2-1, has a foal by Orb, and Silver Heart, a multiple stakes winner who banked nearly $600,000, has a son by Dunkirk. “The Dunkirk foal is gorgeous, kind of a red roan with white stockings,” she said. “They are both really handsome, really good babies.” Terhune said they will be raised in Camden. “They will be here until the time comes to sell them, if I sell them,” she said. “It’s going to be really hard to sell them, especially the Orb foal because he’s the first one out of Aspenglow.”

Texas Thoroughbred Association News Historical Racing Update

The Texas Racing Commission recently voted to post the repeal of rules governing pari-mutuel wagering on historical races in the Texas Register for public comment, and your immediate action is needed by the July 27 deadline for comments. Please send an email or a letter to the Commission in support of keeping the rules in place. Letters may be emailed to info@txrc.texas.gov, faxed to (512) 8336907 or sent via regular postal mail to Texas Racing Commission, P.O. Box 12080, Austin, TX 78711 or Texas Racing Commission, 8305 Cross Park AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 23

State Association News Dr. #110, Austin, TX 78754. Sample letters are available in the second paragraph of the TTA Member Communications page at texasthoroughbred.com/about-us/ tta-member-communication. The active involvement of all horsemen in such issues is imperative to protect our industry.

TTA Honors Horsemen, Elects New Board Officers On June 20, the 2014 Texas Champion horses and their connections were honored before 130 attendees at the TTA Annual Meeting and Awards Banquet at Lone Star Park. Honorees included two recipients of the Allen Bogan Memorial Award for TTA Member of the Year: John Elliott, CEO of Global Gaming LLC, and Andrea Young, president/COO of Sam Houston Race Park; and three recipients of the T.I. “Pops” Harkins Award for Lifetime Achievement: the late James D. Jackson of Rockdale, the late Bill McMorris Sr. of Austin and Nat Kieffer, Ph.D. of College Station. The TTA Board of Directors met that same day and elected the following officers to serve a one-year term: President, Hal Wiggins of Houston; First Vice President, Phil Adams of Gainesville; Second Vice President, Phil Leckinger of Tioga; and Secretary/Treasurer, Rick Penn of Parker. The Executive Committee comprises the officers, Immediate Past President Ken Carson of Pilot Point, Danny Keene of Greenville and Bill Tracy of Fredericksburg.

Yearling Sale Cancelled, TTA Exploring Options for Future Sales The yearling sale that was to be conducted by Western Bloodstock Ltd. at Lone Star Park on August 24 has been canceled due to a lack of entries. The short turnaround time between the departure of FasigTipton and the announcement of the 2015 yearling sale made it very difficult to attract sufficient entries, as many horsemen had already made plans to sell elsewhere. However, the TTA is still examining options for future Thoroughbred sales in the state, as well as options for the 2016 TTA Sales Futurity. Please check texasthoroughbred.com for the latest information and updates.

Important Deadlines and Updates for Horsemen Stallion Accreditation and Admin Fee Deadline: To receive stallion awards on foals conceived during the 2015 breeding season, a stallion must be accredited and his annual administrative fee for the 2015 season must be paid. If you stood a stallion in Texas for the 2015 breeding season but have not yet accredited him, you have until August 1 to do so for $100. Any stallion accreditation applications postmarked after August 1 will not apply to the 2015 breeding season but will apply to 2016. If you have not yet paid your stallion’s annual administrative fee for the 2015 breeding season, the deadline for late payment of $325 is August 1. If this is the stallion’s first year in Texas and he came into the state after February 1, you may pay the normal admin fee of $200. The annual administrative fee cannot be accepted for the current breeding season after the August 1 deadline. Texas Stallion Stakes Deadline: The deadline to nominate stallions to the Clarence Scharbauer Jr. Texas Stallion Stakes Series for the 2015 breeding season is October 1, 2015. Only accredited Texas stallions may be nominated. The nomination fee is the greater of $1,500 or the advertised stud fee. At this point, stallions not new to the state for 2015 must also pay a $500 late nomination fee. October 1 is also the deadline to pay any balance owed for stallions early nominated to the TSSS for the 2015 breeding season. Invoices will mail in early September. Report of Mares Bred: Rules and regulations for the Accredited Texas-bred Program state: “A photocopy of the annual ‘Report of Mares Bred’ shall be submitted to the TTA office on or before the date required by The Jockey Club (August 1).” If you file your Report of Mares Bred electronically, you have the opportunity to print the report before filing so that you may make a copy to send to TTA. ATB award checks for the Lone Star Park meet should mail by August 17, and the Retama Park Thoroughbred meet is set to begin August 21.

Second Roses to Ribbons Event Held at Lone Star Park

After a successful but rainy debut of the Roses to Ribbons Old-Fashioned Horse Fair in March at Sam Houston Race Park, the TTA and Paddock Foundation held a second edition of the event on July 11 at Lone Star Park. Roses to Ribbons is an event designed to promote transitioning Thoroughbred horses to new careers after racing. It showcases horses available for sale and provides a chance for prospective buyers to meet with racehorse trainers and tell them what kind of horse they are looking for. Racehorse rehoming organizations also attended the event, which featured concessions and a tack swap and sell. More than 250 people RSVP’d to attend the event, and nearly a dozen horses found new homes. A third event is being considered at Retama Park, and the goal is to have a Roses to Ribbons event at least once a year at each of the three Class 1 tracks in Texas. For more information, go to the Paddock Foundation page on the TTA website.



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American Hero A pictorial look back at American Pharoah’s Triple Crown triumph, the first the sport has seen since 1978

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All About Hay

Forage expert says misconceptions exist regarding different types of hay and their nutritional value By Denise Steffanus

Hay and grain are the staples of most equine diets. Feed companies, which employ equine nutritionists to formulate their products, have taken the guesswork out of deciding on the appropriate concentrate (grain mixture) to feed a horse, based on its age and occupation. But when it comes to selecting hay, horse owners largely are on their own. Forage should form the basis for every horse’s diet. While many farms cultivate lush pasture grass to sustain their animals, most farms rely on hay as the main source of forage. Even farms whose pasture supports their horses’ nutritional needs well in spring and fall will need to feed hay when extremes in temperature make pasture sparse. Misconceptions about the nutritional value of various types of horse hay abound, said Les Vough, Ph.D., extension forage specialist at the University of Maryland and author of a wide range of publications on forage. These misconceptions actually create a demand for lower-quality hay that drives up its price. “In some cases, the lower-nutritional-value hay—fully headed-out timothy—will actually sell for more in the marketplace than high-quality alfalfa,” Vough said. “To some extent, horse owners tend to associate the nutritional value with the head, like you would wheat or barley. They do not understand that fully mature grass hays are low in nutritional value when they reach that stage. see protein contents on some of that hay run in the 5 percent to 6 percent range, and it should be somewhere in the AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 33

9:30 AM

9 percent to 12 percent range in the first cutting.” According to Vough, horse owners should look for hay that has been cut earlier in its growth cycle, which will be predominantly leafy material with a minimum of stems. Regrowth cuttings, or second and third cuttings, are preferable. “When they get their regrowth cutting in late summer or fall, it’s all leaf material, and it can run 20 percent to 22 percent protein and very low in fiber,” he said. Vough also cautioned that many misunderstandings between buyer and seller arise from confusion in terminology. He suggested that hay vendors should be more precise in their description of the types of hay they have to offer and that buyers should become more

acquainted with the different types of hay available so they can explain what they want more accurately. He cited a recent incident with a South Carolina horse owner who was unhappy with the pure alfalfa delivered to her. “What she had asked for was alfalfa, and what she actually wanted was just enough alfalfa in it to be able to find some,” he said. “She really wanted grass hay. So it was a terminology problem.”

Types of hay

The types of hay most commonly fed to horses include the following: • Alfalfa: This leafy legume grows up to three feet high, with five to 25 stems growing from each crown. It can vary in color from dark


“Round bales stored on the ground in the elements can be a source of botulism, especially if moist, decomposing material is found inside them.”



lime-green to shades of yellow, green and brown, depending on the season. It’s highly palatable, high in calories and rich in protein (17 percent to 20 percent) and calcium (1.19 percent to 1.41 percent). • Orchardgrass: Folded, bunched leaves and stems produce palebrown, cattail-like heads that appear to be missing a segment every 1/32-inch. Protein content (8 percent to 13 percent) is slightly higher than timothy. It’s a good crop to mix with alfalfa when seeding a hay field. • Timothy: Leafy stems can reach 40 inches tall in optimum growing conditions. When cut, it strongly resembles dried blades of grass that vary in color from soft green to gray-brown green. A mature plant produces a green to yellow, cattail-like head. Protein content is the least of these three types of hay and ranges from 5 percent to 11 percent, depending on maturity of plant at harvest, with fully headed plants providing the lowest nutritional value.

Clearing up some misinformation

Some misconceptions relate to the suitability of different types of hay for horses. Alfalfa has been regarded as too rich for horses; orchardgrass is commonly thought to be low in nutritional value; and timothy historically has been valued as the best selection. Alfalfa is ideal to meet the higher protein requirements of growing horses and pregnant or lactating mares. “Alfalfa hay is actually lower in many nutrients than fresh-growing pasture grasses, the most common forage source for our young growing horses and broodmares,” Vough said. Horses that consume a diet too rich in protein, derived from grain concentrates and forage, will excrete higher levels of ammonia, which has led some horsemen to the misconception that feeding alfalfa will damage the horse’s liver and kidneys. Ammonia is a naturally occurring substance in the body. It is produced when amino acids in protein are processed in the digestive system. The liver metabolizes ammonia into urea in the bloodstream, where it is cleaned from the blood by the kidneys and excreted as urine. A normal horse should have no problem processing a diet too high in protein because the body uses what protein it needs then discards the rest. However, according to a 1983 study of racetrack feeding practices, every kilogram of crude protein ingested over the recommended level caused a racehorse to finish one to three seconds slower. Researchers theorized that energy that should have been devoted to performance was instead utilized to detoxify the body of excess ammonia. Orchardgrass is not sensitive to the time of cutting. It matures earlier in the growing season and can be harvested when it is leafy, lush and higher in nutritional value than timothy. Timothy is sensitive to the time of cutting, so its nutritional value is highly variable depending on the stage of maturity and the weather conditions that impact its growth. Timothy that is overmature is coarse, stemmy and of poor nutritional value.

“Trainers will tend to feed more alfalfa and higher quality hay,” Vough said of hay used in the racing industry. “So that’s where we see more of the alfalfa hay moving in the horse industry. Pleasure horse owners are more interested in straight grass, timothy in particular, or an alfalfa-grass mixture. In this area, it can be alfalfa-timothy or it can be alfalfa-orchardgrass.” According to Vough, the common belief that hay stored for more than a year loses its nutritional value also is a misconception. Hay that has been stored in a dry environment loses some nutritional value in the first two months, principally vitamin A, but then it stabilizes and will maintain the same nutritional level for as long as two years. “If someone offers you their good-quality, barn-stored, last year’s hay at a bargain-basement price, take them up on it,” he advised.

Selecting hay

To evaluate the quality of hay, Vough instructed the horse owner to cut open a representative bale from the lot and select a flake to inspect for maturity, leafiness, color, odor, condition and foreign-material content. “Does it have a leafy appearance or does it have a stemmy appearance?” Vough said. “Does it have a fresh smell? If it’s been in storage for nine or 10 months, it’s not going to have that field-fresh smell, but you don’t want it to smell musty or have weeds or other plant material in it that will give it an off smell, like ragweed.” Color can vary from green to yellow to brown, based on the stage of maturity, curing time and type of hay. “Grasses, as they mature, will naturally lose their bright-green color, so you do not generally see a bright-green, first-cutting, grass hay like you would alfalfa,” he said. But buyers should beware not to be deceived by artificial coloring contained in some hay preservatives that gives it a bright-green appearance. “You have to learn to differentiate between food coloring and natural coloring,” Vough said, but he added that a misconception is that preservative-treated hay is harmful to the horse, when the opposite is true. “Horse people tend to shy away from preservative-treated hay, and it’s actually quite beneficial,” he said. “Preservative-treated hay oftentimes will have a softer texture and a better palatability than the same hay that is untreated.” The final criterion is to check for foreign material, weeds and harmful plants and insects.

Hay testing

Although horses typically pick through hay to find the tastiest morsels, Vough said palatability is not a gauge for ascertaining quality. “Animals in general are somewhat like people, particularly kids, especially if you have been feeding one type of hay and you make an abrupt change to another type of hay,” he said. “There is an adjustment period. And then maybe one horse will eat a particular type of hay AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 35

and another horse will not. They have their preferences just like people inside them. Even those enveloped in plastic may be at risk if they are do.” not consumed within a few days of unwrapping them and setting them The only valid way to test for quality is by laboratory assay of a out in the pasture. Horses regularly consuming round bales should be representative hay sample. Commercial laboratories offer forage vaccinated against botulism as a precaution. testing to determine the nutritional value of lots of hay. Typically, Square bales of hay that contain mold never should be fed to core samples are taken from 15 to 20 representative bales. Those horses, but what about allowing horses to graze on round bales core samples are mixed together thoroughly in a box or other contain- whose outer crust is largely moldy forage? Vough said that because round er, then a sample large enough to fill a sealed, one-quart plastic bag is bales contain such a large volume of hay, horses are able to pick withdrawn, labeled and mailed to the laboratory. Assays take about through them to eat only the hay that is palatable and discard the moldy 10 days to two weeks to process. forage. Hay finder service Many farms that produce large vol“If you look at the amount of waste The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Farm Service Agency that typically occurs with large round umes of hay and hay dealers who handle thousands of bales have their lots tested hosts a website, Hay Net (fsa.usda.gov/haynet), that brings bales, you don’t see that amount of waste together buyers and sellers of hay through free ad postings. and make the assay information available with other hay, like the small square bales After clicking on “Access eHayNet Service,” the website to prospective buyers. Consumers can use offers two primary choices, “Need Hay Ads” and “Have Hay that are being fed in the barn,” he said. that information to determine the qual- Ads.” From there, individuals can select the state where “I think that since the amount that is ity of the hay before they buy it and af- they want to buy or sell hay. available to them is much less in the barn Once they have selected the desired state, visitors to the terward to form the basis for designing than it is with a round bale, they don’t website can browse ads (most recent appear first) or post a cost-effective, nutritionally balanced have the ability to be as selective [in the one of their own by registering as a user. diet for their horses with the assistance barn]. If they’re hungry, they’re going to To place an ad, users can click on the link “Add a Hay Ad.” of a nutritionist, veterinarian or feed mill have to eat it.” An online form asks for contact information and provides consultant. A high volume of waste occurs if round a space to compose and submit an ad. Users may attach a While Vough said it is not reasonable link to the ad that takes readers to a website of the user’s bales are set on the ground. Horses tend to to assay small lots of hay, he suggested choice. This is especially helpful for hay sellers, who can pick through them, then use the discarded that horsemen sample at least one lot refer prospective buyers to a company or farm website or hay as a soft spot to snooze. Instead, round one that displays a photo of the hay for sale or additional of the type of hay they typically feed bales should be placed in a feeder designed information about it or the seller. their horses to educate themselves on its specifically to be safe for horses. PreferaUnlike some websites that prohibit posting of personal quality. bly, the feeder should be under some sort information, ads on Hay Net are permitted to contain specif“One thing that is useful is to sample ics such as the price of the hay, where it was grown, the of overhead cover to protect the bale from some of it and maybe keep a flake or two first and last name of the contact person and contact phone rain. numbers. All ads must contain an email address, city, state out of the bale so that you know what it looked like, but then have it analyzed so and at least the first name of the contact, but no additional Hay storage contact information is required to be posted. that you at least have a general association Spontaneous combustion is a real danBecause deleting an ad can be accomplished in just a few of the nutritional value based on what ger when storing newly baled hay, but the clicks on the main Hay Net page, stale listings do not appear you typically buy,” he said. old practice of sprinkling salt between to be a problem. —Denise Steffanus Contact your local extension service the layers has no effect in preventing fire, for the names of laboratories in your area that perform hay testing. Vough said. Instead, he suggested storing hay in a building with good ventilation and stacking it loosely so that air channels can circulate Rolls versus bales through it. When pasture is scarce or frozen, the trend over the past decade has “The ideal hay storage is one that is very open and air can move been to set out large rolls of hay for forage. Round bales, which typically through,” he said. “Segregate the bales so the heavy, wetter bales don’t go contain the equivalent of about ten square bales of hay, may be enveloped in the barn or they go on the outside of the stack, not in the middle, and in plastic as the final phase of the baling process to protect them during then stack the bales on their sides, particularly with the cut side up. You storage. Others are allowed to cure in the elements to form a water-shed- can’t stack them tight.” ding outer layer, which typically develops mold and may be a problem According to Vough, modern barns and storage buildings that are for horses with respiratory allergies. constructed of metal or other materials that are airtight can contribute to Round bales stored on the ground in the elements can be a source the molding of hay during storage. H of botulism, especially if moist, decomposing material is found 36


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Laying Down the Line

The morning line is a useful handicapping tool that is sometimes misunderstood There are countless ways to handicap a horse race, but the first step for many is checking the morning line. But just what is the morning line and how is it determined? “My job is to predict the odds that the public will make the horse, not the odds I think a horse deserves to be,” said Rick Lee, the longtime morning line odds-maker at Lone Star Park. “It might not match up with my selections. That’s the most misunderstood part. It’s not my opinion on who is going to win.” Lee, who also does the morning line at Remington Park and provides Oaklawn Park selections for the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, said it takes him an average of two hours to handicap and create odds for an entire card. “I handicap the race first and mark the horses on the probability of them winning the race, from the horse I like the most to the least,” he said. “From there, I look at the most likely winner and see how much the public is going to like him, how much more talented he is, does he have a trainer who attracts a lot of money.” Lee said the key to making a good morning line is correctly tabbing the favorite, even if that’s not the horse he believes is the most likely winner. If a line maker is wrong on that, then the whole race is going to be off. 38


By Denis Blake

“I’m never afraid to make a horse odds-on,” Lee said. “If he’s going to be 3-5, I don’t make him 2-1 or everyone else’s odds will be wrong.” Some races are much easier to create a morning line for than others. A five-horse field with a standout favorite is a breeze, while a race filled with first-time starters or a stakes race with multiple runners coming off a victory last time out can be tough. It should also be noted that Lee and line makers at other tracks work under tight deadlines, as the morning line must be done not long after the races are drawn. Although a line maker can look at the weather forecast, sometimes races are drawn as much as a week in advance so he or she has to assume it will be a fast track or firm turf, even if a slightly different morning line might be warranted on a sloppy track or yielding turf depending on the top contenders’ ability to handle that kind of surface. And particularly at smaller tracks, some horses may not have a rider named at entry time or there could be a rider named on multiple horses, which can muddy the pari-mutuel picture a little. Lee said the toughest part of creating the morning line is when several horses figure to vie for favoritism. “It happens sometimes,” he said. “I get paid to make those decisions (about who is going to be the favorite), so I don’t believe in making

Fort Worth Star-Telegram Photograph Collection

Toteboards have changed greatly since this one used in the 1930s at the defunct Arlington Downs near Dallas, but the information displayed is still vital to handicappers. co-favorites or co-second choices. That doesn’t mean I’m right, but I don’t believe in doing that. So I will split hairs and find a favorite even though you know there’s a possibility of being wrong when you have a race that is super competitive. It’s a bad feeling when you can’t confidently determine the favorite.” Even when a morning line maker is spot-on, a large win bet by an owner, trainer or handicapper, especially at a track with modest betting pool sizes, can significantly skew the odds and make a good morning line look bad. As already mentioned, the goal of the morning line is to predict the final odds of the race, not the winner. So if Lee puts a horse at 3-5 on the line and it goes off at 3-5, the line maker got it “right,” regardless of whether that horse wins or loses. “You might have a horse dropping from a stakes race to a claimer, and I would never bet him with my own money,” Lee said. “But I know he’s going to take tons of money, so you have to put him at a short price, even though you might think it’s a terrible pick.” Likewise, if Lee likes a horse to win for reasons on which the public might not fully focus, such as one who had a better-than-looked effort last time out or who runs for a low-profile barn that excels in a particular situation (a second-time starter, first time off of a layoff, etc.), he might put it at 6-1 even if he thinks that horse is the most likely winner.

In addition to its obvious use for the current race on the card, Lee said the morning line can be helpful when it comes to multiple-race wagers like the Pick 3 or Pick 4. But just as you would consider the skill and success of a particular horse, trainer or jockey, you should do the same for the morning line maker at any tracks you like to play. An easy way to gauge the ability of a morning line maker is to compare the morning line odds with the final odds by examining several days of recent race results at equibase.com. Keep in mind that making a morning line is not an exact science, so if the favorite is set at 5-2 and goes off at 2-1, that’s pretty close. Also remember that most morning line makers will not put a horse higher than 20-1 or 30-1, so if a horse is tabbed at 20-1 and goes off at 60-1, that shouldn’t be considered a “miss.” In general, looking at the first four or five lowest odds in each race and comparing them to the morning line will give you a good indication of how much trust you can put in the morning line at a particular track. “If you bet a track and have a lot of confidence that the line maker knows what he’s doing, then you can take advantage of overlays much more effectively,” Lee added. “If a good line maker has a horse at 3-1 and he’s going off at 8-1, he’s probably a genuine overlay and not just one that the line maker missed. Or if he makes a horse 4-1 and he goes off at 6-5, there’s probably no value there. So people should pay attention to how good the line maker is. It helps for a Pick 3 or Pick 4 when you AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 39

Steve Queen

winning—regardless of how the public bets— allows you to compare your numbers with the actual odds and determine if one horse offers more value than another. To make your own morning line, you need to make sure it “balances,” meaning that all the win odds account for the takeout rate at that track and the number of horses in the race. While the math behind it is a little tricky, it’s pretty easy to make your own morning line using the included chart. The first step is to establish your target point value, which is 100 plus the takeout rate at the track (which you can normally find in the track program or with a simple online search) plus the number of runners. So for a 10-horse field in a state with Few fans even see the on-track toteboard now with most a win bet takeout rate of 17 percent, your target money being bet off-track or online. would be 127 (100+10+17). Some rounding are looking at the future races [and don’t have is involved in the points assigned to the odds Morning Line Odds Chart (see the chart), so you do not need to hit the the benefit of current odds like you do on the next race up].” Odds Points target point value exactly but should be within 1-5 70 a point or two. Making Your Own Morning Line Once you have your target point value, 2-5 65 As most any successful handicapper will you next establish the favorite and the odds 3-5 60 tell you, the goal should not be to pick the for the leading contenders until you get 4-5 55 most winners but to find the most value. It’s down to the longshots at 15-1, 20-1 and 1-1 50 easy to find a 3-5 horse who is likely to win, 30-1. Then add up the corresponding points 6-5 45 but if you are betting on those horses, then using the chart at left to see how close you 7 -5 41 they have to win nearly every time for you to are to your target point value. It will probably 8-5 38 make money in the long run. On the other take you several tries to get the race to balance hand, picking one winner at 10-1 can net by adjusting the odds up or down to hit your 9-5 35 you more profit during the day compared to target. If you need some practice, you can 2-1 33 several short-price favorites. use past races (without peeking at the track’s 5-2 28 For that reason, it can be a good idea to morning line) and compare them to the final 3-1 25 make your own morning line. This can be odds. 7-2 22 helpful in several situations, such as when Another benefit to creating your own 4 -1 20 the scratch of one or more contenders or a morning line is that you can do it during your 9 -2 18 switch from the turf to the main track rennormal handicapping process, and it gives you ders the original morning line invalid, when 5-1 17 another perspective to view the race in addiyou do not believe the track’s morning line is tion to the track’s morning line and the actual 6-1 14 accurate, or if you want to make your own odds. 8-1 11 line based on the fair value odds you assign Making a morning line on your own 10-1 9 to each horse. is not going to instantly turn you into a 12-1 8 A fair value odds line can be useful in findsuccessful handicapper, but when used 1 5-1 6 ing the right horse to play when you like in conjunction with your current methods, 2 0-1 5 more than one horse and are looking for a it can help to give you an edge over your 30-1 3 value play. Creating your own line based on fellow players and improve your bottom what you believe to be the odds of each horse line. H 50-1 2



AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 41

Training Young Minds New York’s Morrisville State College offers a unique program to prepare students to work in the Thoroughbred industry

Ciara Bowen

by ciara bowen

Ciara Bowen

In addition to classroom instruction, students get experience in the saddle and on the track.



Along a seemingly endless thruway in central New York, there’s a small town most people don’t even realize exists. Some would call it a sleepy place, one that’s slightly homey. The students who go to college there call it boring. There are no movie theaters, no malls, not even a Wal-Mart or a bowling alley. To find any excitement, you have to delve deeper into Morrisville State College. Find the equine students—the equine racing students, to be exact. Morrisville’s equine racing management degree is unique in that it focuses more on the day-to-day care and maintenance of a racehorse rather than on the front-side jobs or the business aspects of the track, as the well-known University of Arizona Race Track Industry Program does. Nearly any day of the year, Morrisville students can be found out at the barn performing a variety of tasks as they work to prepare themselves for careers as trainers, exercise riders, grooms or other positions at a track, training center or horse farm. Students are assigned at least one horse to groom and they are responsible for nearly everything to do with that horse. They arrive each morning around 6:30 to feed the horses and muck stalls, and from that point, their responsibilities vary. The horses in training are prepared for their workouts and those on layoff receive their poultices. Additional chores such as setting grain and tidying up the shed row are carried

Ciara Bowen

out until about 11, and then it’s time to hit the classroom. Morrisville’s Thoroughbreds and rehabilitation facility aren’t When Finger Lakes Gaming & Racetrack, located in nearby Farm- the only moneymakers for the school—it previously stood a few ington, is open, students regularly make the trip over with their Standardbred stallions, including two Hambletonian Stakes (the horses for either workouts or races. There, like at the school, they first Triple Crown event for trotters) winners, and holds an antack their horses, accompany them to the gap, watch their workout, nual yearling sale in September. Students interested in the racing and then cool them out and van them back to program can opt to enroll in the Standardcampus. On race days, the routine is much the bred option instead of the Thoroughbred same—preparing a horse for the walkover, acfocus and are then able to prepare to drive in companying it in the paddock, collecting it after races on the New York fair circuit. Vernon the race, cooling it out and vanning it back. Downs is within close driving distance of Graduates from the program have found a the school, and on any given night of variety of jobs in the racing industry including racing there, it is common to see a horse either working on farms, exercise riding, grooming, owned by Morrisville or one that was bred by owning their own horses, taking out their assisthe school. Once the horses’ racing days are over, stutant trainer’s licenses and even beginning their dents often adopt them. Some horses have own training stables. been taken home by their grooms and others In addition to the regular work associated with by alumni, but all are well cared for. Morrisville caring for racehorses, students at Morrisville are horses have gone on to careers in polo, Westexposed to a broad range of technologies and ern pleasure, English pleasure, eventing, Grand treatment methods. The barn that houses the Prix jumping and hunters. racehorses is adjacent to the Morrisville State Junior Tory Egerton adopted her horse, College Equine Rehabilitation Center. The Ciara Bowen Flaming Love, from the school. She’s liked center offers a variety of treatments and con- Morrisville student Tory Egerton horses her entire life but fell in love with racditioning services including equine swimming, adopted former racehorse Flamsolarium therapy, cold saltwater spa therapy, ing Love through the school and is ing through Barbaro. Her passion for the sport therapeutic laser and ultrasound, underwater now training the mare for a second has given her a greater appreciation for offtrack Thoroughbreds, so it was only fitting that treadmill therapy and more. career. AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 43

she adopted the first horse she liked when she began her journey at Morrisville. “I took a picture of her the first time I saw her and sent it to my mom saying, ‘I want this mare when she retires,’ ” Egerton recalled. “I never actually thought it would happen. I can honestly say I’ve never been happier.” Egerton has had “Flame” for two years, and the pair are currently working their way into dressage and hope to try hunters in the future. “I would definitely recommend OTTBs from Morrisville to other people,” Egerton said. “We take great care of our horses. They aren’t your stereotypical track horses because we aren’t your stereotypical

track people. Being at a school, our horses have to be safe enough to work with students and we are taught to teach them their manners. They all know how to ride in an arena, and they have plenty of turnout. I’ve seen quite a few of our horses’ lives after Morrisville, and they let down and transition into new careers quite easily. I would recommend any of our horses after they are retired, and when I graduate I will keep coming back for more.” For anyone looking to get a foot in the door of the racing world, or for anyone just in love with horses, there’s no better place to go. To learn more about the equine program at Morrisville State College, go to morrisville.edu. H

Finding My Way For most of my life, I wanted to be a veterinarian, or so I Becker due to financial reasons. Begrudgingly, I pulled up thought. During my junior year of high school, the guidance Morrisville’s website—and if I hadn’t, my life would be much counselors really cracked down on preparing us for our senior different today. The moment I saw the Thoroughbred major, I knew that this year and for the years beyond that. They brought up the point that some of us may have had a career path in mind that wasn’t was the school for me. I submitted my application within a couactually what we wanted but, rather, what our parents wanted. ple of days, and after a very short wait, received my acceptance Something clicked in that conversation, and I realized that that letter in the mail. Horse racing is one of described me. the only sports that has It also presented anever captivated me. I other challenge. I didn’t love everything about it, know what else I could and I can’t quite put my possibly do. finger on why. There are I’ve loved horses my so many stories within entire life and grew up in it, and I love hearing Arkansas near Oaklawn them. I love reading Park, but I never imagthem. Even more, I love ined I could go to colcapturing them on paper lege and work with them. and with my camera. When I discovered that There’s just something there were schools with about standing at the equine majors, I knew Danielle Rosier rail watching the blur that I had to attend one. I wasn’t interested After falling in love with horse racing at Oaklawn, Ciara Bowen, of legs and color and in Morrisville initially; pictured with Eclipse Award winner Take Charge Brandi, listening to the thunder in fact, until Septem- is looking to turn her passion into a career. of hooves as they fly past ber of my senior year, you that got into my I had never even heard of the college. During a visit to Becker blood, and I don’t think it will ever leave. Thanks to Morrisville, I understand the world of racing betCollege in Massachusetts, my mom and I met her high school best friend and her family for lunch. Her oldest daughter, who ter than I could ever hope, and I definitely recommend it to is the same age as me, mentioned Morrisville and thought I any young person looking for a way to become involved with should check into it. I didn’t give it much thought until early the sport (so long as they don’t mind the cold—winter is brutal March after receiving news that I would not be able to attend there). — Ciara Bowen 44


HARMONY TRAINING CENTER Where winners train!

HTC, centrally located in Inola, Oklahoma, is the premier location for your Thoroughbred and American Quarter Horse training needs.

In 2013, HTC-trained horses earned just over $3 million, and in 2014 that number jumped to nearly $4.8 million. Through June of this year, HTC-trained horses have already earned $4,064,870.

• Why choose HTC? • • HTC is located near Tulsa and an easy haul of less than 12 hours to 12 tracks, including Remington Park, Will Rogers Downs, Fair Meadows, Lone Star, Sam Houston, Retama and Oaklawn • Approved for official timed workouts • Completely railed, professionally-maintained training track is 40’ wide and 6 furlongs with a 350-yard chute • 152 stalls, each 11’ by 12’ • Round pens, sand pen, walkers and starting gate usage included with stall rental


34396 S. 4220 Road • Inola, OK 74036 • 918-843-2301 (cell) • 918-543-6940 (office) info@HarmonyTrainingCenterOK.com • www.HarmonyTrainingCenterOK.com

Photo by Dawna Wood

AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 45


More than six months of consecutive racing with 120 race days at Indiana Grand from April 21 through October 31

Indiana Grand is a world-class racing and gaming facility with a renowned dirt and turf course

In 2014, Thoroughbreds in Indiana ran for total purses of $24.4 million with an average purse per race of more than $25,600

There are 37 Thoroughbred stakes events in Indiana worth more than $4 million in 2015, including the $500,000 Indiana Derby (G2) and $200,000 Indiana Oaks (G2) Indiana Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association (317) 709-1100 • info@itoba.com • itoba.com


The Indiana Breed Development Fund totaled $10.3 million in awards and purses in 2014

Indiana-bred and -sired maidens and allowance horses run for approximately $35,000 per race

In 2015, there will be 26 stakes for Indiana-bred or -sired horses with four offering purses of $150,000-guar. and 20 for $85,000-added

Over the past three years, Indiana-breds won or placed in stakes from coast to coast at Gulfstream Park, Woodbine, Monmouth Park, Colonial Downs, Hollywood Park, Oaklawn Park, Canterbury Park, Turfway Park, Hazel Park, Arapahoe Park, Mountaineer Park, Ocala Training Center and more

Increased sire power with approximately 75 stallions standing in the state



2016 Stallion Register


www.a meriCa nraCeh

orse.C om

Coverin g the thorou ghbred industr y in texas, oklaho ma and around the region

The 2016 American Racehorse Stallion Register is the most affordable and effective way to advertise your stallion to more than 6,000 potential breeders across the region. Only American Racehorse goes to virtually every Thoroughbred breeder in:

• TEXAS • OKLAHOMA • INDIANA • LOUISIANA • ARKANSAS • COLORADO American Racehorse also goes to members of the state associations in Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina, plus numerous breeders in Kentucky, Florida and New Mexico. With options starting as low as $795 for a full page ad, no other regional or national publication gets your stallion in front of more breeders!

H 2016 STALLION REGISTER DEADLINE IS OCTOBER 9! H Get more information at www.americanracehorse.com, call (512) 695-4541 or see the Stallion Register Reservation Form on the following two pages.

AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 49

w w w .a m e r i C a nr a C e h o r s e . C o m

Covering the thoroughbred industry in texas, oklahoma and around the region

2016 Stallion Register RESERVATION FORM DEADLINE – OCTOBER 9, 2015 The 2016 American Racehorse Stallion Register, to be published in December 2015, will be the biggest ever with a circulation of more than 6,000 across the Midwest, Southwest and Midsouth regions. In addition to reaching EVERY member of the Texas Thoroughbred Association, Thoroughbred Racing Association of Oklahoma and Indiana Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association, the Stallion Register issue will go to breeders in Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, Kentucky, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina and more! American Racehorse has a wider distribution across the region than The Blood-Horse for a fraction of the price.

ADVERTISING PACKAGES (SELECT ONE) A [ ] 1-Page Stallion Statistical or Display Ad $795 Includes free hypothetical mating and page displayed on American Racehorse website! B [ ] 2-Page Statistical Spread $1,295 Includes statistical page plus second page with one color photo and descriptive information, plus free hypothetical mating and pages displayed on American Racehorse website! C [ ] 2-Page Statistical Spread with Internet Stallion Listing $1,695 Includes statistical page plus second page with one color photo and descriptive information, plus free hypothetical mating on American Racehorse website and special online showcase for your stallion with photo and weekly updated stallion progeny statistics!

Optional Add-Ons for Increased Exposure

Give your stallion even more exposure with specially discounted full page color ads in American Racehorse in addition to his statistical page D [ ] 1-time placement of full page ad $600 (save $195) In any issue: Nov/Dec 2015, Stallion Register, Jan/Feb 2016 or Mar/Apr 2016 E [ ] 2-time placement of full page ads $1,000 (save $590) In any two issues: Nov/Dec 2015, Stallion Register, Jan/Feb 2016 or Mar/Apr 2016 F [ ] All 4 breeding season issues (BEST VALUE) $1,800 (save $1,380) In all issues: Nov/Dec 2015, Stallion Register, Jan/Feb 2016 and Mar/Apr 2016 Mail, Fax or Email to: American Racehorse P.O. Box 8645, Round Rock, TX 78683 Phone: 512-695-4541 • Fax: 512-870-9324 • Email: info@americanracehorse.com

2016 Stallion Register DEADLINES

Stallion Statistical Page Reservations: Friday, October 9, 2015 ONE FORM PER STALLION (please type or print) Stallion__________________________________________________________ Year Foaled___________________ Sire______________________ Dam________________________ Dam’s Sire______________________________ Standing at___________________________________________ Address__________________________________ Inquiries to________________________________ Phone (____ )_________________ Fax (____ )____________ Email___________________________________________ Website_______________________________________ Property of_______________________________________ Address_______________________________________ Phone (____ )_________________ Fax (____ )____________ Email______________________________________ Year Entered Stud_________ 2016 Fee_________________ Live Foal Guarantee? Yes / No Stallion is accredited/registered in (list state or states) ______________________________________________________ Stallion is nominated to the stallion/sire stakes programs in (list state or states)__________________________________ Other accreditations or eligibility_______________________________________________________________________



PRICE $_________ PRICE $_________

TOTAL AMOUNT DUE THIS STALLION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $_______________ ALL ADVERTISING MUST BE PAID IN ADVANCE Method

[ ] American Express

[ ] MasterCard

[ ] Visa

[ ] Check Enclosed # ________________________

Card #_________________________________________ Expiration Date_______________ CCV#_____________ Name on Card___________________________________ Phone (____ )____________________________________ Billing Address for Card___________________________________________________________________________ Authorized Signature______________________________________________________________________________ Mail, Fax or Email to: American Racehorse P.O. Box 8645, Round Rock, TX 78683 Phone: 512-695-4541 • Fax: 512-870-9324 • Email: info@americanracehorse.com To submit a free text-only listing for the alphabetical index, please provide American Racehorse with the stallion’s name, stud fee and farm contact information by October 9.

State-bred Success

Coady Photography

Dustin Orona Photography

Spring racing in Colorado, Indiana, Oklahoma and Texas showcased some of the top horses bred and sired in the respective states


FATAL STING $55,000 Cherokee Nation Classic Cup Stakes Will Rogers Downs 4-year-old gelding by For Glory out of Chrisy Lynn, by Slewacide Owner: Steve Dupy and Kent Blair Breeder: Mike Castor (Oklahoma) • Trainer: Roger Engel Jockey: Bryan McNeil

EXPECT ROYALTY $50,000 Lane’s End Stallion Scholarship Stakes • Lone Star Park 5-year-old mare by Valid Expectations out of Autumn Sky, by Skywalker Owner/Trainer/Breeder: Leroy James Pollok (Texas) Jockey: Iram Diego

Dustin Orona Photography

Coady Photography

$43,760 Ingrid Knotts Stakes • Arapahoe Park 4-year-old filly by Songandaprayer out of Too Tired Tonight, by Cat Thief Owner/Breeder: Robert Schreiber (Colorado) • Trainer: Tyrone Gleason Jockey: Brian Theriot Stallion Songandaprayer stands in Louisiana at The Stallion Station @ Copper Crowne

INFECTIOUS $75,000 Clarence Scharbauer Jr. Texas Stallion Stakes (Got Koko Division) • Lone Star Park 3-year-old filly by Valid Expectations out of Red Cell, by Geri Owner/Breeder: W.S. Farish (Texas) • Trainer: Danny Pish Jockey: Cliff Berry

Coady Photography




$44,780 Aspen Stakes • Arapahoe Park 6-year-old gelding by Oliver’s Twist out of Cruz’n Ocala, by Family Calling Owner: Eli Diamant • Breeder: Menoken Farms (Colorado) Trainer: Sharlot Martinez • Jockey: Dennis Collins Stallion Oliver’s Twist stands in Colorado at Menoken Farms

Dustin Orona Photography

$200,000 Lone Star Park Handicap (G3) Lone Star Park 6-year-old horse by City Zip out of It’schemistrybaby, by Meadowlake Owner: Bloom Racing Stable LLC • Breeder: Trackside Farm and Robert and Helen Evans (Kentucky) Trainer: Richard Baltas Jockey: Charles Lopez

Coady Photography



Linscott Photography

$88,350 Swifty Sired Fillies Stakes • Indiana Grand 3-year-old filly by Checklist out of Favorite Tryst, by Favorite Trick Owner: Deann Baer • Breeder: Deann and Greg Baer, DVM (Indiana) • Trainer: Tim Glyshaw • Jockey: Oriana Rossi

SON OF A NUT $89,450 Sagamore Sired Stakes • Indiana Grand 3-year-old gelding by Unbridled Express out of Damie’s Peanut, by Stravinsky Owner: Sherri Greenhill • Breeder: Greenhill Racing (Indiana) Trainer: Jeffrey Greenhill • Jockey: Albin Jimenez Stallion Unbridled Express stands in Indiana at Swifty Farms

Dustin Orona Photography


SUPERMASON $75,000 Clarence Scharbauer Jr. Texas Stallion Stakes (Stymie Division) Lone Star Park 3-year-old gelding by Grasshopper out of Folksy, by Midway Road Owner: Brad Grady • Breeder: W.S. Farish & E.J. Hudson Jr. Irrevocable Trust (Texas) • Trainer: Bret Calhoun • Jockey: Lindey Wade Stallion Grasshopper stands in Texas at Lane’s End Texas

Coady Photography

Linscott Photography

$53,350 RPDC Classic Distaff Stakes • Will Rogers Downs 5-year-old mare by Stephen Got Even out of Sallybrooke, by Dehere Owner/Breeder: Doyle Williams (Oklahoma) Trainer: Roger Engel • Jockey: Cliff Berry

WALLY VAN $40,000 Arapahoe Park Sprint Stakes • Arapahoe Park 7-year-old gelding by Crafty Shaw out of Runaway Elegance, by Runaway Groom Owner: Bill Vanlandingham • Breeder: Willard Burbach (Colorado) Trainer: Tyrone Gleason • Jockey: Mike Ziegler Stallion Crafty Shaw stands in Colorado at Menoken Farms AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 53

Tax Talk:

Operating in a Businesslike Manner By John Alan Cohan, Attorney at Law

Last issue, we focused on the material participation test that the IRS may use to determine whether an equine venture is a hobby or a business. This issue, we will look at hobby loss audits, in which the IRS sometimes views horse activities as a means of generating tax losses, rather than as a profit-oriented venture. The IRS gives the greatest problems to individuals who have had a significant history of losses that they use to write off other income. In addition, the IRS will argue, particularly in such cases, that the activity has all the hallmarks of a hobby, so that the costs of operation are nondeductible, personal expenses of the taxpayer. In a recent case, a taxpayer convinced the U.S. Tax Court that his breeding activity was a business, not a hobby, despite 23 years of losses. [Mullins v. United States, 334 F.Supp.2d 1042 (E.D. Tenn. 2004)] The case involved primarily cattle; however, the same hobby loss principles are applicable to the horse industry as well. The court said: “If losses, or even repeated losses, were the only criterion by which farming is to be judged a business, then a large proportion of the farms of the country would be outside the pale. It is the expectation of gain, and not gain itself, which is one of the factors which enter into the determination of the question.” The taxpayer in the Mullins case maintained from 70 to 100 head of cattle during his years of farming. After retiring from his company, he devoted about 50 hours per week working on the farm. He and his wife lived on a modest house on the farm. The court said that Mullins pursued his farm operations with the same dedication and devotion that he applied to his successful toolmaking business. He did not enter the farming venture blindly but consulted with people who had extensive experience in the cattle business. The court said that Mullins acquired a certain amount of expertise on his own and that he also relied upon the expertise of others through regular consultations. Although Mullins’ cumulative losses were substantial, the court concluded that he engaged in the venture as a business, not as a hobby. Also, at the trial a real estate expert testified that the fair market value of the farm had significantly appreciated as a result of farm improvements. This evidence, according to the court, made the losses less significant because an overall profit 54


could result if the land were sold. It is important in a horse or livestock venture, if there is a history of losses, to seek expert advice on whether you are operating in a businesslike manner. Of course, “businesslike manner” varies from individual to individual because every venture is a unique operation. What might count as businesslike for one type of activity might seem amateurish in another case. In this regard, I find that it is important to have a tax opinion letter or other formal analysis as documentary evidence of your overall businesslike approach. A tax opinion letter is something I use to help clients analyze the details of their operations, with a view toward complying, as best as possible, with the criteria set forth in the hobby loss rule. A tax opinion letter helps show that you sought expert advice and that, hopefully, you followed some or all of it. In hobby loss audits, the IRS will view this document, among others, in deciding whether you are operating in a businesslike manner. The IRS does not expect an impossible level of formality or excellence in your farm records. But in audits indicating a fairly long history of losses, the IRS will heavily scrutinize operations in order to decide whether the venture is a business or a hobby. The lack of good business records, in such cases, will incline the IRS to rule that it is a hobby. In the Mullins case, the taxpayer had helpful evidence that his farm property had appreciated in value. This was by way of a formal appraisal (as well as testimony of a real estate agent). A formal appraisal is a helpful item of documentary evidence, for if your property has appreciated in value (or is expected to appreciate in value) as a result of your stewardship, this is an element in your favor. It shows that you have a profit motive because if the property were sold you might then make an overall profit. In addition to a tax opinion letter, appraisals are important items of evidence to show your businesslike intentions. Keep in mind that appraisals are important not only for land, but also for assets used in the venture, such as bloodstock. H John Alan Cohan is a lawyer who has served the horse, livestock and farming industries since 1981. He serves clients in all 50 states and can be reached at (310) 278-0203 or by e-mail at johnalancohan@ aol.com. His website is JohnAlanCohan.com.


Ask a Vet

Nutrition for the Working Stallion Why do breeding stallions often appear to be “fat”? Is there a medical reason for this?

By Robert Stawicki, MS, DVM, Diplomate, American College of Theriogenologists

The nutritional needs of any horse are directly proportional to its level of work, and breeding stallions are no exception. In order to determine the level of work a stallion is performing, owners must consider multiple factors, such as the size of the breeding book, the fitness level of the stallion and even the activity level of the stallion outside of the breeding shed. Stallions that spend their off hours pacing the fence line and constantly calling to mares will burn many more calories in the course of a day than stallions that stand quietly in their stalls eating hay. Even considering these additional energy expenditures, only the most heavily utilized breeding studs will have nutritional requirements above those of horses at maintenance doing a low level of work. As most stallions are fed more than the recommended minimum feed requirement, it is not difficult to understand why the majority of breeding stallions are overconditioned. For any horse, excessive body condition is associated with a higher incidence of musculoskeletal problems, founder and metabolic syndrome. For breeding stallions, excessive body condition has the added detriment of reduction of libido (sex drive) and even a reduction in semen quality due to fat insulation of the testicles. In addition to the effect on health and fertility, feeding stallions high amounts of high-protein concentrates can also make them “hot” and difficult to manage in the breeding shed. The optimal stallion feeding program should start with a base of high-quality forage. Many breeding studs can be managed on a good quality timothy and alfalfa hay mix with the addition of a balancing ration to make up for any gaps in the vitamin and mineral composition of the hay. In cases where additional calories are needed to meet nutritional requirements and maintain “optimal” body condition, the addition of a standard pelleted ration may be necessary. In this case, a complete ration is recommended over high-protein concentrates (such as 12-14 percent sweet feed), as these feeds are balanced with fiber and are less likely to result in energy spikes due to rapid absorption of a starch from the gut. A ration such as equine senior or other such complete feed will allow for a more gradual increase in protein content of the ration until the desired body condition is achieved and maintained. With regard to the addition of feed supplements to improve stallion fertility, many companies make sensational claims with the use of their product. It is important to keep in mind that only a very small number of feed supplements have been critically evaluated for their effects on semen quality. Of these supplements, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has been shown to marginally improve sperm motion parameters; however, this was only in extended semen after 48 hours of cooled storage. Omega-6 fatty acid, in combination with vitamin E and selenium, has been shown to improve sperm motility in stallion semen during the fall and winter months; however, there was no effect on semen quality during the breeding season. Considering the fact that these feed supplements may improve stallion semen characteristics under certain circumstances and are not likely to have a negative impact on semen quality, they may be included at the discretion of the owner. For a nutrition plan tailored to your specific situation, consult with your veterinarian. H Dr. Robert Stawicki is a clinical assistant professor of theriogenology at the University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine’s Veterinary Teaching Hospital.

Have a horse health question? Ask an expert! American Racehorse has teamed with the University of Georgia Veterinary Teaching Hospital to provide horsemen with accurate, helpful information about equine health. Each issue of the magazine will include an “Ask a Vet” feature covering a general health topic or answering a question submitted by an American Racehorse reader. To submit a question to possibly be answered in a future issue, send an email to info@americanracehorse.com or a fax to (512) 870-9324. To find out more about the UGA Veterinary Teaching Hospital, go to vet.uga.edu/hospital. Please note that all questions may not be answered in the magazine, and horsemen should seek the advice of their veterinarian for urgent issues.



AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 57


2015 Texas Horse Racing Hall of Fame Gala Retama Park Race Track, Selma, TX

!"#$%&"'()!*+#*,-*%)./()/0.1)2)1)+3,3 TEXAS HORSE RACING HALL of FAME


Ken Armbrister Stanley Beard (deceased) TEXAS HORSE RSr. ACING(deceased) Lukin Gilliland, HALL of FAME Sammy Jackson (deceased) Dan (deceased) and Jolene Urschel No Le Hace JoAnn Weber Distinguished Service Award: Ben Hudson

Gala includes cocktails, hors d’oeuvres, prime rib buffet, silent and live auctions, valet parking, and live Thoroughbred racing To make reservations, contact Ryan Grammer

at (210) 651-7045 or txhorseracinghof@gmail.com

Proceeds from the 2015 Hall of Fame Gala—a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization—will benefit Groom Elite; Saddle Light Center; and The Race Track Chaplaincies at Lone Star Park, Sam Houston Race Park and Retama Park Race Track.

2015 breeders sale am racehorse_Layout 1 5/15/15 10:58 AM Page 1




Tuesday, September 29 BN

Ike Hamilton Expo Center, West Monroe, Louisiana For consignment forms or more information contact Louisiana Thoroughbred Breeders Association P.O. Box 24650, New Orleans, Louisiana 70184 504.947.4676 • 1.800.772.1195 • ltba@louisianabred.com www.louisianabred.com

Selling the Game:

Becoming an Owner—Achieving Your Dream by Having a Plan, Setting Goals and Keeping a Budget Careful forethought, realistic expectations and fiscal responsibility can help make you a more successful owner By Fred Taylor Jr.

This is part five of Selling the Game, a series of articles about the excitement of Thoroughbred racehorse ownership and how to attract new owners, by Fred Taylor Jr. He is the founder and managing partner of Mojo Thoroughbred Holdings LLC, which operates Mojo Racing Partners offering affordable opportunities for newcomers and veterans to become involved in Thoroughbred ownership. Taylor serves as a liaison to the Department of Transportation for a major airline and is a former recipient of the Texas Thoroughbred Association’s Allen Bogan Memorial Award for member of the year. If you missed a previous installment, you can find past issues of American Racehorse at americanracehorse.com.

Having a Plan Whether you’ve been in the horse racing business for years, or you’re ready to participate in your first racehorse venture, it’s important to not only understand how the sport works but also that you need to have a reasonable plan that can help provide the best possible experience. In previous articles, my objectives were to help you understand the sport from an insider’s point of view. I explained the types of ownership, the costs to participate, the types of training and the racing process. Now, I want to provide you with some general guidance to help you think about developing a strategy that can take you from being a spectator or fan to actually owning a racehorse. You Need a Strategy A strategy defines what you are going to do, who’s going to be involved, how much you are going to invest or spend to make it happen and when you are going to do it. In a nutshell, a strategy spells out in four steps how you are going to do something. A strategy is essentially your business plan. Some business plans are informal—I’m going to claim a racehorse at Oaklawn; Jack Lucky is going to be my trainer; I’m going spend $15,000 to claim the horse and $3,000 a month on training and vet care; and I’m going to do this at the end of the Oaklawn meet to race the horse at the upcoming 60


Denis Blake

Hello, American Racehorse readers! Now is an exciting time to be or become a racehorse owner. The first Triple Crown winner in 37 years captured the hearts of racing fans like a long-lost dream come true. What once seemed so difficult to achieve in the modern racing world finally happened and along with it came proof that the impossible is actually possible when the right circumstances come together at the right moment. In the first four articles in this series, we discussed the dreams and desires horse racing inspires, as well as the fundamental elements of owning and training racehorses. For the next two articles, we’re going to explore the components for developing a strategy to help make your ownership experience a success and hopefully your dreams come true.

Lone Star Park meet. This is a pretty straightforward plan that clearly defines the owner’s intentions. Some business plans relay the same intentions as the one above, but the strategy is more complex—especially if two or more people are involved because the structure of the entity becomes more dynamic when considering distribution of costs, revenues and personal interests. Even a general partnership requires some basic documentation that outlines the agreement for banking and tax purposes. If you are considering forming a partnership or LLC that involves multiple partners and different levels of participation, capital contributions and management decisions, then it’s best to draft a formal business plan (or articles of incorporation) that is reviewed by an attorney and a CPA, as well as a tax expert. Once the plan is agreed upon, the participants need to sign an agreement to make it binding. If your strategy is to join a racing group and follow its racing plans, then you need to know your obligations (costs and length of commitment), as well as what is being promised in return (access, experience and distributions). If a racing group’s business strategy (the terms and conditions for participation) isn’t specifically outlined in plain English, then it’s in your best interest to look at another entity that offers a clear vision of what it intends to do.

Make It Reasonable Some people are ambitious, have deep pockets and possess the ability to absorb significant losses over the years before their dream comes true. Some people make a medium-sized investment and strike gold on their first attempt. And, some people take part while operating on a shoestring budget, meticulously managing their money and enjoying the different aspects of the experience along the way. Once you are aware of the different ownership structures and the costs and processes to keep racehorses in training, then you know what you can afford. If you decide being a sole owner isn’t for you, you can choose other practical options such as participating in a racing group or starting a partnership or LLC where the costs are divided among the participants. The key to any of these options is knowing what’s right for you and sticking with it. Get Right With Racing It may seem like a gospel saying, but it’s very true about being an owner: If you ain’t right with racing, you can’t be right with ownership. To be an owner at any level requires a certain amount of commitment and prioritization and having a mindset that allows you to accept the reality of horse racing itself—and that includes both the highs and lows. To put it another way, the beauty of the ownership experience isn’t the illusion of living in a dream state, it’s the satisfaction of that dream coming true based on all of the effort put forth to make it happen. In this regard, the plan you come up with and the decisions you make have to be constantly fueled by hope and optimism while at the same time grounded in the reality that there may be (and most likely will be) setbacks. It may take time to realize your dream, and what you do has to be managed by practical objectives. Once you set your expectations based on the realities of the sport, you’ll be able to carry on even if your horses aren’t running well and you can celebrate when they reach their peak performance at whatever level they race. Setting Goals We’ve all heard the saying: “Rome wasn’t built in a day.” The same adage applies whether you’re trying to figure out if you want to be a sole owner, evaluating different racing groups or creating your own

partnership—it takes time to put together an ownership strategy. Once you have a plan established, the next step is to implement it in stages. To do that, you need to set goals—preferably goals that are “SMART” (Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Reasonable and Timely). Here’s how SMART goals can work for your racehorse ownership plans: • Be Specific. If you were to say, “I want to own a racehorse,” I would think that’s great, but I wouldn’t know how you are going to do that because you weren’t very specific about your intentions. But if you told me you want to join a racing group during the current race meet to learn more about the different aspects of ownership so one day you can branch out on your own, then I would have a better understanding of what it is you are trying to achieve. When you set a goal for yourself or your business, make it SMART by defining what it is you are trying to achieve—this not only helps you be clear about your objective, but it will also help others understand what you are doing if you want them to participate in your efforts. • Measure Your Results. You need to be able to evaluate your actions to know if your objectives are successful or not. In this regard, the idea is to have some sort of hard numbers to quantify the result (e.g., Denis Blake only spend $10,000 or earn enough purse money to offset training costs). However, being measurable doesn’t always require having a specific set of data to know if you are being productive. You can measure your success if your goal is to acquire a racehorse at a particular sale, bring on a couple of partners or join a group. Either way (datadriven or task-specific), in order for a goal to be SMART, it needs to demonstrate a predetermined personal action. Otherwise, it would just be a passive intention that’s meaningless to what you ultimately want to achieve. • Can You Actually Do It? Winning the Kentucky Derby is the pinnacle of success in this sport, but you have to ask yourself if it is attainable based on your present position. The best way to evaluate whether your goals are SMART in this regard is by considering a series of questions: Are you putting the right resources, people and bloodstock in place to make it happen? Is what you are proposing reasonable for your, your racing group’s or your partners’ budget? AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 61

What are the hurdles or pitfalls that would keep you from attaining your goal and can you overcome those types of setbacks? • A Better Alternative. Doing things on a whim is exciting, but you might find yourself accusing your spouse, friend or business partner of “spoiling the fun” when they ask a simple question about your spontaneous decision: Does it make sense? In other words, they want to know if your idea is realistic and reasonable. This part of the SMART check tests the practicality of your plan. It also encourages you to think about other options that can help you realize some level of success quicker and still be equally fulfilling while you are working toward your ultimate objective. Maybe taking on the burden of owning a racehorse outright isn’t doable right now, but being part of a racing group might be more practical because it’s affordable and fun. • When Will You Get It Done? The last part of a SMART goal is establishing a time frame in which you will achieve it. Having a deadline keeps you on task and forces you to think about and do all that you can to make it happen (within reason, of course). Deadlines can be as narrow or wide as you want them to be. Working within a set time frame can help you think outside the box and come up with ideas you might not otherwise consider if you had more time to dwell on a set path. The most effective goals are those set quarterly, but depending on the size of your task and the stage of development, it may make more sense to try to achieve a result every six months or more. That being said, the more you can divide your objective into smaller, time-driven tasks, the more likely it is you’ll achieve ultimate success. Keeping a Budget Cost is one of the main determining factors of whether you decide to become an owner or not. As discussed in the third article of this series, the overall cost of ownership is made up of bloodstock acquisition, training and racing expenses, vet care and administrative expenses. By being aware of the costs of racehorse ownership, you can then determine what you can afford and at what level you are willing to participate. Once you determine your level of participation, you should establish a budget to cover your costs over a set period of time. The three most important considerations for setting a budget are determining how long you can afford to participate, having a reserve and sticking to your budget. Capital Longevity The amount of money you should plan to spend depends on how long your horses are expected to race. On average, the racing tenure for most Thoroughbreds is two to three years. After that, a small percentage of colts become stallions (based on their pedigree and racing success), many fillies become broodmares and the majority of colts 62


and geldings are transitioned from racing to other careers such as hunter/jumper, polo and eventing. Young Thoroughbreds (yearlings and 2-year-olds) can be in a race group for several years if they stay healthy and sound. You should be prepared to cover your portion of the ownership costs for at least a year or two unless the terms of the agreement in your group or partnership stipulate an exit opportunity. Depending on their ability, older racehorses may only be competitive up to 5 years old. That being said, some veteran geldings run well at ages 7 and 8, and even beyond. To this end, it’s important to know the age and racing campaign for the individual that is being considered for or already part of the group’s bloodstock. Contingency Planning Despite their tremendous size, Thoroughbreds are lean and rather fragile animals. Because they are bred for speed, they are also “high-strung” animals. Their unique physique and sometimes skittish behavior requires careful management to keep them in proper balance. Accidents and injuries happen that require additional veterinary treatments, surgery and care before the horse can return to racing. When a racehorse needs time off, all of the time and effort put in up to that point is essentially lost and will have to be restarted once the horse returns to training. To allow for unexpected veterinary costs, it’s a good idea to set aside three to six months of budgeted training/vet care as a reserve. This is like having a self-insured major-medical or disability plan for your horse (or yourself if you are in a partnership). If you decide to not do it up front, then you should at least be prepared to pay your portion of the additional costs if extra veterinary care is required. Budget Stick-to-itiveness Sticking to the budget you’ve created should be an important consideration regardless, but this is especially true if you decide to purchase bloodstock from an auction. Thoroughbred auctions are exciting and enticing. It’s easy to get caught up and carried away by the thrill and enthusiasm of buying your racehorse. For every horse that enters the ring, the auctioneer generates a buying rhythm with his yodeling cadence, and bid spotters detect the signals from the buyers gathered around and then belt out their acceptance of the current price—which is announced in single numbers (two, five, seven…). When shortened up, the actual prices ($22,000, $55,000, $107,000) don’t seem to be as large as they are in reality, so be mindful. In the next article, we’ll examine the elements of a strategy for selecting bloodstock from a sale and why that is important in preserving funds to cover training and other expenses. H


SILVER CUP SATURDAY, AUG. 8 • 6PM Arapahoe Park Race Track, Aurora, CO

Recent Graduates GET HAPPY MISTER $ ( 384,928, GSW San Simeon Gr. 3, Northern Spur) TENANGO $ ( 426,754, G3-Placed, MSP @ AQU & BEL) WALLY VAN (MSW $263,382) FOLSUM (MSW $156,640) DANZIP (MSW $148,984) SWEET DIXIE VAN (MSW $114,747)




Yearlings By

Big Brown • Crafty Shaw • Distorted Reality Dunkirk • Euroears • Exchange Rate First Defense • Fusaichi Pegasus Grand Minstrel • El Roblar • Maclean’s Music Margie’s Wildcat • Oliver’s Twist Quinton’s Gold • Ready’s Image • Rule Tulsa Te • Western Expression Yearlings eligible for 2016 Silver Cup Futurity ($60,000 est.)

Catalog at WWW.COTBA.COM • (303) 294-0260

AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 63



AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 65

the marketpl ace Cl assifieds


Improve your training plans this year 50’ to 72’ Machines

Dee Martinez Office Manager 956-763-7594

Gwen Rogers Manager 956-763-7004

Track Covers

KC HORSE TRANSPORTATION Division of Asmussen Horse Center

Over 50 Years of Quality Service in The Horse Business

Keith Asmussen kaasmussen@aol.com

(323) 665-6550 EuroXciser.com

Untether Exercise your horses, and improve conditioning, endurance and soundess


FOAL TO YEARLING HALTER Same Horse Same Halter ••• One Halter Does It All 1-800-331-0413 foaltoyearlinghalter.com

ARKANSAS-BRED YEARLINGS FOR SALE • Gelding by Jonesboro o/o Storm and a Half mare • Fillies by Sea Prince (Storm Cat) o/o multiple winning mares Contact Sarah Shields for more information (479) 648 8725 or jameshshields@cox.net



956-723-5436 • 956-763-8907

P.O. Box 1861 Laredo, Texas 78044


4707 E. Saunders Laredo, Texas 78045

Mallory Farm • Breeding • Boarding • Sales Scott Mallory

2672 Newtown Pike • Lexington, KY 40511 (859) 707-6469 malloryfarm@yahoo.com

Moving Like a Winner

Don’t miss our hot prospects from Inside Move at Yearling and Two-Year-Old sales in California, Florida, Louisiana, Kentucky and Texas!

Bethe Deal • Sabinal, TX Cell: (830) 426-1646 • Email: Bethedeal@sbcglobal.net

the marketpl ace Cl assifieds CHANNON FARM LLC

Quality Care for Thoroughbreds Boarding • Broodmare Care • Foaling Layups • Equiciser • Sales Prep

Gillian (Jill) Taylor (318) 745-9974 • Fax: (318) 745-9976 1914 Highway 163 • Doyline, LA 71023

Paradise Farm Inc. •


Specializing in breaking and preparing your colts for Specializing in breaking you and and yourpreparing trainer your colts for you and your trainer

7S Racing Stables is located 2 hours west of Lone Star Park in Carbon, Texas. We have for several years 7S Racing Stables is located 2 hours west of Lonebeen Star working with young race colts, them years from breaking Park in Carbon, Texas. We havetaking for several been to conditioning and race cutting on working with young race prep colts,while taking them down from breaking owner expense and helping you have your colts to conditioning race prep while cutting downprepared on for the expense racetrackand experience! owner helping you have your colts prepared for the racetrack experience!

FEATURES: •FEATURES: 5/8 mile training track 5/8 mile training • Starting gates track Startingcare gates • Farrier Farrier care • Transportation Transportation • Complete vet services Complete services • Horses forvet sale Horses forfees saleare $30/day • Breaking • Breaking fees are $30/day The best price in the area with proven results! The best price in the area with proven results!

Louisiana Boarding Facility

Professional Mare Care Reasonable Rates for Extraordinary Care Client References Available

Year-round Mare Care, FoalertTM System and Cameras, Lay-ups, Foaling, Boarding, Sales Prep Jayne Segura, Owner/manager 337-339-3233 • paradisejayne@yahoo.com


American Racehorse Advertisers Index 7S Racing Stables....................................... 67 Arkansas-bred Yearlings for Sale.............. 66 Arkansas Breeders’ Sales Company........ 15 The Art of Horse Racing............................. 66 Asmussen Horse Center....................... 25, 66 Bigheart Training Center............................ 63 Biomedical Research Laboratories............ 7 Breeders Sales Company of Louisiana.... 59 Calle Real.................................................... 30 Carter Sales Co.......................................... 31 Channon Farm LLC.................................... 67 Cinder Lakes Ranch................................... 13 Colorado Silver Cup Yearling Sale........... 63 Cytowave............................................. 18, 19

7S Racing Stables 7S Racing Stables 254-643-2035 254-643-2035 5001 Hwy 1027, Carbon, TX 76435 5001 Hwy 1027, Carbon, TX 76435 www.7SRacingStables.com www.7SRacingStables.com Want to reach more than 6,000 horsemen in Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Indiana, Louisiana, Oklahoma, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas and around the region? Advertise in the American Racehorse classifieds for as little as $75 per issue! Contact Denis Blake at (512) 695-4541 or info@americanracehorse.com

Equine Sales Company............................. 12 EuroXciser.................................................... 66 Equiwinner................................................... 11 Finish Line Horse Products Inc................. 8, 9 Foal to Yearling Halter............................... 66 Harmony Training Center.......................... 45 Heritage Place........................................... 41 Indiana Thoroughbred Owners & Breeders Assoc. .............. 46, 47 Inside Move................................................ 66 ITOBA Fall Mixed Sale................................. 45 JEH Stallion Station.................................... BC Keeneland September Yearling Sale..... IBC Lane’s End Texas.......................................... 1

Mallory Farm............................................... 66 Mighty Acres..............................................IFC New Mexico Horse Breeders’ Assoc. ...... 17 NTRA/John Deere....................................... 32 palaMOUNTAINS......................................... 57 Paradise Farm Inc...................................... 67 Red Earth Training Center......................... 37 Rockin’ Z Ranch......................................... 55 Santa Fe Horse Transport..................... 48, 66 Texas Horse Racing Hall of Fame............. 58 Thoroughbred Racing Association of Oklahoma................. 64, 65 United Country Realty/Travis Turner......... 14 Valor Farm..................................................... 3

AMERICAN Racehorse • JULY/AUGUST 2015 67













No other regional or national racing and breeding publication reaches more area horsemen and horsewomen than American Racehorse! We make it easy to get your message out to more than 6,000 horsemen in Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Indiana, Louisiana, Oklahoma, North Carolina, South Carolina and Texas.

In This Issue:

Layman Exams for the • PrepurchaseBush Track Rider Won Big s • Oklahoma IRAs and S Corp • Understanding

Our ad rates are affordable, and we can design an ad for you at no charge! To view a complete list of ad rates or for more information, go to www.americanracehorse.com/advertising Contact Denis Blake at (512) 695-4541 or info@americanracehorse.com



CARPE DIEM Toyota Blue Grass Stakes (G1)


Profile for American Racehorse (formerly Southern Racehorse)

American Racehorse - July/August 2015  

This issue of American Racehorse magazine includes a special pictorial featuring Triple Crown winner American Pharoah, a look at misconcepti...

American Racehorse - July/August 2015  

This issue of American Racehorse magazine includes a special pictorial featuring Triple Crown winner American Pharoah, a look at misconcepti...