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Your Complete Community Resource Guide and Lifestyle Magazine Pointing You in the Direction of All the Best of the Upper Northern Neck and Beyond

Port Royal Bridge Photo Credit: Justin Zimmerman


PORT ROYAL, SYMBOL OF AMERICAN INGENUITY Early Unmanned Flight at Dahlgren A Pumpkin’s History Redistricting FALL 2021

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s shades of amber, gold, and burgundy begin to encompass our landscape, residents of the Upper Northern Neck region begin to prepare for a slower season, a season filled with the warmth of all the things the holidays bring, laughter of friends and family, and reflection on another year come to pass. This year we have encountered some changes in our society as a whole, but certain things have remained the same. As people who are living, learning, and growing, we’ve become ever so grateful of the opportunity connecting presents to us. Connecting is at the heart of this special season we’re entering into. This fall and winter, I wish for you a season filled with incredible holidays, caring loved ones, and the chance to look back on this year and take it all in. I hope it brings a smile to your face and a sigh of relaxation that only this slower time of year can bring. Enjoy your fall and winter! I hope to see you relaxing at the pumpkin patch, cheering at the football fields, and eventually building snowmen, friends! We’d love to hear from you! Email: -ORMail: Sassafras Creations, LLC, P.O. Box 578, King George, VA 22485

Christina Burroughs

© Copyright 2021 Sassafras Creations, LLC. All rights reserved. Reproduction of material, both editorial and advertising, is forbidden without the written permission of the publisher.

Sassafras Creations, LLC P.O. Box 578, King George, VA 22485 Office: 540-775-3159 Publisher and Editor Christina Burroughs, MA

Art Director SJ Graphx, LLC

Advertising Representatives Krystle Miller & Leigh-Erin Jett

Cover Photo Credit Justin Zimmerman

County Compass Magazine is published by Sassafras Creations, LLC and distributed by direct mail free of charge. The publisher reserves the right to edit and reject any and all editorial and advertising submitted for publication in County Compass Magazine. Every effort has been made to prevent typographical errors, however, Sassafras Creations, LLC cannot be held responsible for any typographical or grammatical errors as all printed editorials are submitted to Sassafras Creations, LLC and not written by Sassafras Creations, LLC or any employee of Sassafras Creations, LLC. Please note - content will be edited if necessary, to keep content appropriate for all readers. All editorial is at the discretion of the publisher. Messages must be legible, preferably typed and no longer than twelve sentences. Letters received not meeting these criteria may not be published. County Compass | 5

LIVING By Leonard M. Banks

Port Royal, Symbol of American Ingenuity

Port Royal Photo Credits: Justin Zimmerman


hether you’re a 17th century history buff or seeking a fun family outing, Port Royal, Virginia is a destination worth visiting. From the moment you cross the 301 Bridge into Port Royal, nearly every aspect of outdoor activities and historical walking tours are available. More importantly, your visit will leave you yearning to learn more about early American life. On the streets of Water, Caroline, Middle, Cumberland, Main and Frederick, you will encounter the following historic walking home and business destinations: James Bowie, Fox Tavern, Parish Printing, Peyton, Mason Lodge, Holloway, and the Dorothy Roy Chimney remnant. In Addition, along the trails of the walking tour visitors will find Old School House, the Portrait Gallery, Old Medical Museum, and Town Hall. John Wilkes Booth, vilified for assassinating President Abraham Lincoln sought refuge at the Peyton House on King Street. Booth’s final resting is located by a road marker on the outskirts of town, at the former Garrett plantation. The slow paced lifestyle and atmosphere is a perfect fit for lifelong resident, former educator and Port Royal Museum director, Caroline “Cookie” Davis. “Because I grew up here, I am a retired school principal, this is what I love to do,” Davis said. “I was a history major in college, and I’ve done all these other things along the way—now I’ve learned more about this town I grew up in.” Throughout the year, travelers from over the country patronize the museum, and businesses associated with Port Royal. Davis along with four volunteers eagerly welcome visitors throughout the year on Saturday from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. The goal of Davis is to preserve the property that has survived, and to encourage property owners to save them. Inside the Museum, visitors will be immersed with a wealth of history including: One of America’s largest collections of toleware paintings by early American settlers, hall of American History featuring a time line, Skinner Native American

Collection, Sidney King Art Gallery, Civil War Diorama, White House China Collection, and a room displaying examples of 18th and 19 century Virginia-made furniture. With a current population just under 200 residents, the Caroline County incorporated town of Port Royal was once noted for the cash crop of tobacco. In fact, after the owner (John Buckner) of the Fox Tavern died, Dorothy Roy took over ownership of the property. News of her success as the nations first woman business owner of a tobacco franchise (Virginia’s cash crop during 17th century), ferry service (across the Rappahannock River) and tavern operator made her the center of commerce in Port Royal. President George Washington was a frequent of Roy’s tavern.

Noted for being one America’s oldest towns, Port Royal was established in 1652 with land grants given to Englishmen. In addition, it is rumored that the town is named after the Roy family. The brick remnants of the Tavern chimney are still standing as a reminder of the town’s early beginnings. The Nantaughtacund Native American tribe departed Port Royal after the arrival of English settlers. Soon progress in the form of the railroad brought a halt to the shipping industry. Later in the 20th century, transportation opened its doors to new highways, broadening access to the town to a new generation of cultures and visitors. After a full day of exploring the town, visitors can satisfy their hunger urges with Port Royals finest American cuisine at Horne’s Restaurant, and Randolphs on the River. n

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By Dr. Rob Gates

Early Unmanned Flight at Dahlgren


any familiar with Dahlgren history know of Carl Norden’s development of his famous bombsight – a device that played an important role in the strategic bombing of World War II – and Dahlgren’s role in its development and testing. Fewer know that he visited Dahlgren even earlier to develop and test a “flying bomb” for the Navy. A century before drones emerged as new ways to take aerial photos and even deliver groceries, Dahlgren was testing an early 20th-century version – an unmanned aircraft. While serving on the Naval Consulting Board during World War I, Elmer Sperry became aware of the military need to reduce the danger to bomber pilots and advocated with Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels for an unmanned “aerial torpedo.” Based on his experience with gyrostabilizers for automobiles, ships, and airplanes and the relative immaturity of radio, he chose to use a gyro-based guidance system. The first three flights of the Curtiss “Flying Bug (FB)” took place in December and resulted in three failures and the destruction of two airplanes. Carl Norden, a consulting engineer and former Sperry employee, was brought in to help redesign the launching mechanism. Even so, two more aircraft were lost. After making changes to both the aircraft and the control system, the FB flew successfully in March 1918. Unfortunately, flights during the summer and fall were failures and the last of the aircraft was destroyed in a test failure in September 1918. Photo Credits: US Navy

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Sperry conducted a successful test of an unmanned Curtiss N-9 in October 1918. However, the end of the war saw interest in the aerial torpedo decline and the Navy contract with Sperry ended in January 1919. The Navy decided on a fundamental change to their approach. Carl Norden (known as “Old Man Dynamite” to the Navy because of his temperament) and a small staff, a launching system, and five Witteman-Lewis aircraft arrived in Dahlgren in late May 1919. The first flight at Dahlgren took place in August 1920 and was a failure. The second flight, a month later was successful. The final flight, also a failure, took place in April 1921. Faced with budget issues, the program was cancelled and Norden returned to his bombsight work. While his focus was on the bombsight, he returned to work on unmanned flight repeatedly over the next few years. The gyro-guided aerial bomb was, at best, only moderately successful and interest shifted to radio control. Representatives of the Bureaus of Ordnance and Engineering visited Dahlgren in October 1921 to work out the procedures for conducting radio control research there. The program was approved and work started in January 1922. Norden was asked to install his control system on an N-9 seaplane with a radio system that had been developed and tested by the Naval Aircraft Radio Laboratory. The systems were mated in July 1923 and, with Lieutenant John J. Ballantine as safety

pilot, was flown successfully more than 30 times that summer and fall. The final test of the year, in mid-November, was flown by radio control for 25 minutes. Testing resumed in July 1924 and continued into September, again with a safety pilot. After two successful radiocontrolled flights on the morning of 15 September, Ballantine and Carlo Mirick (the radio engineer) decided to attempt the first completely unmanned test of the system. Ballantine controlled the aircraft from the radio-control station for the entire forty minute flight. Although the aircraft was damaged on landing, this is considered the first time that a remotelycontrolled unmanned airplane took off, maneuvered, and landed. The radio gear was moved to a Vought VE-7 airplane which flew successfully with a safety pilot in December of that year. Ballantine completed 28 more tests before leaving Dahlgren in September 1925. Testing continued with Lieutenant Valentine

H. Schaeffer as safety pilot until the final flight on 11 December 1925. This last test was unmanned and ended when the Vought crashed on takeoff. Even though the project was considered successful and was never officially cancelled, no further tests were conducted. Once again, it was a casualty of the very limited interwar Navy research budget and, perhaps, to the success of Norden’s bombsight. The Naval Surface Warfare Center in Dahlgren continues to work with unmanned aerial vehicles and has an in-house capability to research, develop and test unmanned aerial vehicles with new sensors, payloads, weapons and engagement systems. The focus is on the integration and interoperability of unmanned systems for surface warfare. n

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D is c o u n ts f o r te a c h e r s , law enforcement a n d m il it a r y .

Christina Burroughs, MA, MRP Licensed in Commonwealth of VA Lic #0225234437 EXIT Realty Elite 608 William Street Fredericksburg, VA 22401


e m o h t e g u o y p l Let me he ! s y a d i l o h e h t e r o f e b rk e t a n a l y si s EE ma R F r u o y r o f y a d to l l Ca p e rt y ! ro p r u o y f o t o o h s to o a n d p ro f e ss io n a l p h


A Pumpkin’s History By Emma Parker


t first glance, a plump orange pumpkin propped on a porch likely brings to mind the autumnal season; warm pumpkin spice lattes, spooky jack-o’-lanterns, and a day at the pumpkin patch spent finding the very best one to bring home. These traditions have become a large part of American culture and an indicator of the approaching fall season. But how did they start, and how has something so small as a pumpkin come to represent entire holidays, and even entire months? With over a billion pounds of pumpkins grown in the United States each year, there is no doubt that the round orange squash is an insignia of autumn. Pumpkins, a fruit variety of winter squash, have a hard rind and are typically orange in color; though with small changes to their genetic makeup they can take on many different hues, including shades of green, blue, yellow, and tan. While these uniquely colored pumpkins can be harder to find and often more expensive, they can make fantastic decorations and even be used to make sweet pies or other similar desserts. Though their use as both decor and a source of nutrition has spread across the globe as of the 21st century, pumpkins are indigenous to the Americas and have played a large part in many Native American tribes. According to tribes spanning from the Southwest to the Northeast, pumpkins and other winter squash make up one third of the “Three Mythological Sisters of Agriculture,” alongside beans and corn. The legend says that the three “sister” foods are meant to be both planted and eaten together, as they work together and promote one another’s growth while in the ground. As the tall corn stalks give the beans something to climb, the beans fertilize the soil for the corn and squash, and the squash’s large leaves protect the beans from hungry animals. Since every part of a pumpkin is edible— from the flowers to the seeds— they became a popular source of nutrition for many native tribes. After seeds were found and

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dated back to 7000 BCE, it’s clear that pumpkins have been an effective source of sustenance for centuries. Perhaps the most popular use of pumpkins worldwide is one that marks the night of October 31st. Jack-o’-lanterns have been a staple of Halloween for centuries, and though the carved and lit pumpkin as we know it didn’t exist until the 19th century, the term and idea of a jack-o’-lantern originated in Ireland in the 17th century. The Legend of Stingy Jack— an old Irish myth— tells the tale of an old drunkard named Jack whom Satan is keen to meet. After repeatedly outsmarting the devil, Jack dies, but is denied entry to both heaven and hell and forced to wander aimlessly for the rest of eternity. He asks the devil to gift him one small burning ember that he could carry inside of a hollowed-out turnip and use as a lantern as he roams the Irish countryside. Celtics in turn began to carve threatening faces into turnips and potatoes and set an ember to burn inside of them to ward off “Jack o’ the Lantern” and other evil spirits. When Irish settlers migrated to North America in the 19th century, they carried many traditions with them— including jack-o’-lanterns. After they arrived and were introduced to pumpkins, the squash were found to be more suitable for carving and lighting than the turnips previously used. n

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By Anne Cupka, At-Large District Supervisor, King George County

Redistricting: What is it, and why does it matter ?


n Virginia, every ten years, pursuant to the Code of Virginia chapter3/section24.2-311/, governing bodies must provide for reapportionment of representation among each district based on population. The data that drives reapportionment is derived from the U.S. Census. Although the 2020 U.S. Census was delayed due to the pandemic, the Census Bureau has indicated it will have data deliverable to states no later than September 30, 2021. In King George County, we have four election districts: Shiloh • Dahlgren • James Monroe • James Madison

Each district has geographic boundaries based on census block data, and must have “equalized” representation within 10 percent, in other words, +/- 5%. Your assigned district affects where you vote, and for whom you can vote in Board of Supervisors and School Board elections. Between Census counts, people move in and out of communities, affecting the number of people living in each census block. The goal of redistricting is to ensure that each census block has equal representation in our local, state, and Federal government. Let’s suppose our County has a total population of 28,000 people. We currently have four districts. Each of our 14 | FALL 2021

four districts should have about 7,000 citizens. In the last ten years, the population in one district has increased more than any other. Hint: the largest residential development in King George in the past decade is Hopyard Farms, located in the James Madison District. So, it follows that the number of residents in that district might have increased disproportionately since the last Census in 2011, compared to other districts. To maintain equal representation, some residents of the James Madison District, if not others, will likely be reassigned (“redistricted”), to adjoining districts so that equal representation is maintained, not just in our community, but also in our Virginia General Assembly. Based on our hypothetical 7,000 district population number, each of our four districts should have at least 6,650 citizens, (-5%), but not more than 7,350 citizens, (+5%), to achieve “equalization.” This is important to achieve the following required goals: 1. Redistricting line changes must follow census blocks; 2. Districts must be contiguous and compact; 3. Districts must be as equal as possible and may not deviate by 10%; 4. Districts may not be drawn to discriminate based on race. Currently, the Commonwealth of Virginia is working on its redistricting plan for General Assembly representation. Here is a link to the Virginia Redistricting Commission: Once we receive the state plan, we will draft our redistricting plan and present it to our citizens. We have our own redistricting page on the King George County website: At least one public hearing will be held before adoption by the Board of Supervisors. Our plan will then be forwarded to the U.S. Department of Justice for approval. As Chairman of the Board of Supervisors and your At Large Supervisor, I serve on our County’s Redistricting Committee. Please feel free to contact me at if you have any questions. n


Upper Northern Neck and Beyond

Business Name..........................................................Address................................................................................ Phone..................... Website/Social Media/Email.......................... Ad Location ATTRACTIONS Six Flags...................................................................... 13710 Central Avenue, Bowie, MD 4 Virginia’s Northern Neck................................................. P.O. Box 1707, Warsaw, VA 3 BEAUTY, HEALTH, & WELLNESS Mary Washington Urgent Care........................................ 11131 Journal Parkway, Suite A, King George, VA 13 New Heights Pediatrics, LLC........................................... 8117 Kings Highway, King George, VA 18 Pulmonary Associates of Fredericksburg.......................... 521 Park Hill Drive, Fredericksburg, VA 19 Richard Cottrell, DDS & Associates.................................. 367 Northumberland Highway, Callao, VA 9 Richard Cottrell, DDS & Associates.................................. 11060 Smile Way, King George, VA 9 FINANCIAL SERVICES Summit Mortgage Corporation........................................ 710 Princess Anne St, Suite 2, Fredericksburg, VA 2 Summit Mortgage Corporation........................................ 7851 Dolley’s Court, Suite 27, King George, VA 2 PET CARE On Cloud 9 Pet Care..................................................... 13543 Shiloh Loop, King George, VA 18 PROFESSIONAL SERVICES A&S Environmental Inc................................................... 451 Central Road, Fredericksburg, VA 13 Blue Heron Flooring...................................................... 8200 Crain Highway, La Plata, MD 4 County Compass Magazine-See Sassafras Creations, LLC.P.O. Box 578, King George, VA 5 Kitchen 17 Level & Straight Remodeling.......................................... 12296 Kent Road, King George, VA 22485..............................540-845-9500.....................................................................Pg. 18 Permatreat................................................................... 501 Lafayette Boulevard, Fredericksburg, VA 18 R.K. Payne HVAC, Inc.................................................... 3456 Kings Highway, King George, VA Cover Sassafras Creations, LLC, A Publishing Company.............. P.O. Box 578, King George, VA 5 V.L. Jenkins Heating & Air Conditioning, Inc...................... 230 Industrial Drive, Suite C, Fredericksburg, VA 7 REAL ESTATE Christa Rorrer-EXIT Realty Expertise................................. 9441 Kings Highway, King George, VA 18 Christina Burroughs-EXIT Realty Elite............................... 608 William Street, Fredericksburg, VA 4, 10-11 J.T. Title & Escrow......................................................... 2215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Fredrericksburg, VA 18 J.T. Title & Escrow......................................................... 7851 Dolley’s Court King George, VA 18 Thomas Pelagatti, VA Real Estate Settlement Agent........... 9279 Kings Highway, King George, VA 17


Since 1970, Rappahannock Community College has provided educational and career-building opportunities to the Middle Peninsula and Northern Neck. After celebrating its 50th anniversary last January, the College is excited for the next 50 years of progress towards a stronger community and skilled workforce. RCC has been offering courses on-site in King George County since 1979. RCC’s fall semester has begun with in-person and online classes. While many classes have already started, the College offers shorter-session classes for students as well. In-person classes have resumed at RCC’s King George Site. The site, located at King George High School, has offered flexible course options for many years. The King George Site has a testing center and computer lab onsite, providing students the academic resources they need to accomplish their degrees locally. “We are so happy to be back offering in-person classes,” said Terry Abell, King George Site Manager. “Students are filling the halls again, and we’re excited to be back in the classrooms.” Students can earn an Associate of Arts and Sciences transfer degree with courses offered in the evening at the Site. World history, art, mathematics, psychology, and many other subjects are offered at the Site this fall.

Dual enrollment courses including economics and personal finance, accounting, marketing, English, history, math, teacher prep, and nurse aide are offered during the day at King George High School. Students earn college credit while still in high school. Abell also serves as a High School Navigator, working with King George students to explore career and educational opportunities. She serves as the College’s point of contact for home-schooled students. Home-schooled students can take RCC courses through dual enrollment. In addition to the traditional avenues of tuition available to RCC students, new initiatives offer unique funding opportunities to give students extra assistance. Virginia’s G3 and FastForward programs allow students to complete competitive programs at little-to-no cost, paving the way for a debt-free college experience. With nearly 40 guaranteed admissions agreements with colleges and universities, the College offers many different paths to success across the region and state. There has never been more funding available to assist students with paying for tuition, fees, and books. Visit www., call 540-775-0087, or email tabell@ to learn more about the latest offerings at the King George and other RCC locations. County Compass | 15

I Have A Question For You… Written by and photos of food-credit to Chef Chaz Kilby


n life, we ask each other questions for many different reasons. For example, to get to know someone, “where are you from?” To find our way, “how many miles is it?” Or to solve the great unknowns of our universe, “Who ate the last ice cream bar?” While Photo credit: Christopher Barnes questions are essential, it is the answers we seek. As a Chef and culinary instructor, I often get some questions about food. Questions come from friends, family, colleagues, students, clients, and sometimes complete strangers. So, as the holiday season approaches, I brace myself and prepare to become “Chef Chaz’s Food Hotline.” Although you could call it the “turkey, cranberry sauce, standing rib roast, mash potatoes, stuffing/dressing, glazed ham, mac, and cheese hotline.” No food is off-limits when it comes to the culinarily curious. I want to share with you some epicurean questions typically asked later in the year in the hope that they may answer some of your gourmet queries for the upcoming holiday season: How much food should I make? This can be tricky because you may need to adjust if you have a family full of linebackers. In general, the most important part of the meal to calculate is the protein. Most people eat the main dish, and it is commonly what you spend the most time and money on. A good rule of thumb is onehalf pound of meat per person

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(calculated by cooked weight). If your protein is bone-in or blessed with a fat cap, buy more of it in order to compensate for the total weight. How can I make sure meat is done cooking but never overcooked? I have heard many stories of overcooked meats being served because the cook is worried it’s not done. This is a valid concern; you never want to serve some meats, especially white meat poultry, undercooked. Some meat, such as red meat, is arguably served best when cooked to medium for best taste and texture. The best way to check the doneness of meat is to purchase an Instant Read Thermometer (digital). Follow your recipe for what temperature your food should be cooked to and where to check it. For chicken, temp between the leg and thigh (being sure the probe is not touching bone). In most other cases, make sure you are temping in the thickest part of the meat to get an accurate reading. How long does it take to thaw a turkey for thanksgiving? Getting the best deal or just ensuring you have a turkey for a holiday sometimes requires getting a frozen bird. As the holiday approaches, you want to make sure the lynchpin of your feast is ready to be cooked. Remember, thawing needs to be part of your cooking plan. There are no safe shortcuts when it comes to this process. Planning, time and patience are the best methods. Place your turkey in a high-sided vessel (to collect thaw water) on the lowest shelf in your refrigerator. Here are some guidelines to reference: 5 pounds: 1 Day, 10 pounds: 2 days, 15 pounds: 3 days, 20 pounds 5 days. What is the difference between Cranberry Relish, Cranberry Sauce Jellied, and Cranberry Sauce? Which one is the best? As far as the best one, I am not touching that with a preverbal ten-foot pole used to harvest cranberries. The differences in each are very slight. Cranberry Relish makes use of the raw ripe cranberry, chopped up, somewhat small, usually with oranges and sugar (nuts can be added). Chilled and served. Cranberry Sauce is made by cooking cranberries, usually with added sugar, until the berries burst and the sugar has melted into the mixture. This can be served chilled and is sometimes served warm. Cranberry Sauce Jellied is simply the Cooked Cranberry sauce strained, the skins discarded, chilled until mixture sets up, and is served cold. I think Cranberries are a staple for the entire holiday season. Sure, the bright red color helps make them festive, but, more than that, cranberries are a late in the year harvest. After so many of our garden delights have ended their season, it is nice to turn to delicious cranberries.

So, you ask: Chef Chaz, since you are so fond the cranberry, are you going to pass along a mouthwatering recipe that utilizes them? My answer: Why yes, yes I am! And not just one but two recipes (Cranberry Mayo and Cranberry Pistachio Goat Cheese Log) that you will be able to use again and again this entertaining season without “QUESTION”! n

Cranberry Mayo (make 3/4 cup) Ingredients 1/2 cup Quality Mayo 1/4 cup Whole Cranberry Sauce 1 teaspoon Lemon Juice Salt to taste Instructions In the bowl of a food processor add all ingredients. Run on low speed until combine (about one minute). Transfer to a bowl and cover. Refrigerate at least one hour. Store covered in the refrigerator for up to one week. Serving Suggestions: Spread on a left-over turkey (or any) sandwich. Want to spice it up? Add jalapeno to taste.

Cranberry Pistachio Goat Cheese Log (Makes 8-ounce log) Ingredients 1 1/4 cup Dried Cranberries 1 cup pistachios, shelled 1/4 teaspoon Fresh Rosemary, minced 8 ounces Goat Cheese, in a log shape (chilled) Instructions In the bowl of a food processor add cranberries, pistachios, and rosemary. Pulse about 10 times to break down mixture slightly and combine. Transfer mixture to a plate. Roll cheese over cranberry mixture pressing in the cheese. Keep rolling until cheese is covered in the mixture. Serve chilled with crackers. Serving Suggestions: Spread on a left-over turkey (or any) sandwich. Want to spice it up? Add jalapeno to taste. County Compass | 17

LANDING The County Compass LANDING is a resource guide to the Upper Northern Neck region and beyond. Are you looking for a great pediatrician, pet daycare, or pest control service? Browse the LANDING section to help you find the specific business you’re looking for. Advertise your business in the LANDING. Contact Advertising Representative Krystle Miller by email at or by phone at 540-446-6303.

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