Page 1


contents

Features

Columns

Dressed To The Nines

What’s The Meaning?

pg. 6

A Gallery Of Occupations

pg. 10

fM

Appealing Subjects

pg. 24

Behind The Camera

pg. 46

Capture The Moment

pg. 52

A Date With THIS Old Photograph

pg. 49

Penelope Dreadful

pg. 56

Ripped From The Headlines

pg. 82

Shades Centerfold

pg. 62

The Healing Brush

pg. 66

Occupation Barber

Heritage Scrapbooking

A Dreadful Tale Year After Year

Miss July/August

Torn From History

pg. 100

In2Genealogy

pg. 106

So What Do You Do For A Living

On The Cover Saved By Grace pg. 56

Wall Street Explodes

In Every Issue

From My Keyboard

pg. 3

The Exchange

pg. 5

Letter from the editor

iAncestor

Research On The Road

C.L. Hunt Jeweler & Photographer

Your comments

The Last Picture Show

The graphic image on the back of a carte-de-visite or cabinet card

Download The Magazine

Back Cover


from my keyboard fOOTNOTEMAVEN

Occupational Photographs Dear Readers: One  of  fM’s   0irst  and  favorite   jobs   was   as   the  concierge   for   the  Hotel   Del   Coronado   on   Coronado   Island   in   San   Diego.   I   was   allowed   to   select   my   food   from   the   hotel   dining   room  menu,   have  all  the   free   Cokes   I  could  drink,   hang   out  in  the   hotel’s  museum  and   meet   celebrities.  I  took   care  of  the  guest’s  yachts,   entertainment,   money,  and   just  about   their  every  wish.  I  kept  their  secrets,  laughed  at  their   jokes  and  was  often  rewarded  with   a  small   gift  at  Christmas.  I  was   far  too  young  to  truly  appreciate  what   a   wonderful  job   I   had!   You  have   no  idea  how   many  fantastic  old  photographs  are  in  that  museum  and  the   hotel  itself.  Remember  Some  Like  It  Hot? So   for  this  issue  of  Shades  we   look   at  occupational  photographs;  what  they  are  and  some   tips  for  dating.   In  “Behind  The  Camera”  and  “The  Last  Picture  Show”  you’ll  be  introduced   to   photographers   who   had   multiple   occupations.   You   can   decide   for   yourself   if   the   occupations  had  anything  in  common. Shades   was   also   contacted   by   a   reader   who   was   in   the   possession   of   some   amazing   photographs   that  she  thought   would  make  an  interesting  article.   Interesting  is   probably   an  understatement   for   these   photographs.   And  be   warned;   the   content   is   graphic   and   not   for   the  faint   of   heart.   They   are,   however,   history.   The  history   of   many   occupations   and  how  they  were  thrown  together  September  16,  1920. Maureen  Taylor’s   “To   The  Nines”   makes   its   debut.   Captured  Moments   introduces   us  to   some  of  our  readers’  digital  heritage  scrapbooking.  And   all  your  favorite  columnists  and   columns   are   here   to   help   you   open   up   the   paths   to   the   past   through   occupational   photographs..


contributors PENELOPE DREADFUL

VICKIE EVERHART

JANINE SMITH

Penelope Dreadful is the alter ego of Denise Levenick. Denise authors the blog, The Family Curator and gives us something “Dreadful” every month.

Vicki is the author of Creative Moments. She also authors the blog BeNotForgot.

Janine is the new author of The Healing Brush Column. She also owns Landailyn Research & Restoration and is an award winning restorationist.

DENISE OLSON

SHERI FENLEY

CAROLINE POINTER

Denise is the author of The Future of Memories Column. She also writes the blog Family Matters and experiments with her iPad

Sheri writes The Year Was . . . Column. She also authors the blog The Educated Genealogist.

Caroline is the new In2Genealogy Columnist. She is also the author of the Family Stories blog.

MAUREEN TAYLOR

CRAIG MANSON

FOOTNOTEMAVEN

Maureen is author of the new “To The Nines” column. Well-known as the Photo Detective she has authored many books on family history and photography.

Craig authors the Appealing Subjects column. He also writes the blog Geneablogie.

Maven edits Shades Of The Departed The Magazine. She also writes the blog footnoteMaven and Shades of the Departed.


THE EXCHANGE

WE LEAVE A MESSAGE WITH OUR READERS AT THE EXCHANGE Via E-Mail - Re: The Overstuffed Baby Footnote Maven: You have made MY day! I was bowled over when my Grandmother Dorothy Gray’s baby photo came on my monitor. God love the internet and people who love history. Your magazine is the second pleasurable find in this search. I am looking forward to delving into your past issues. You certainly have a wonderful niche publication for someone like me. I hope that it is a growing concern. My husband and I have been in the magazine biz for a long time and he is still the editor of Fairways and Greens Magazine (fgmagazine.com) owned by Madavor Publishing. I will look forward to reading more about preserving, sleuthing, researching and opening up the paths to the past in your future issues. Emelie Williams Via E-Mail - In2Genealogy Dear Ms. Pointer ... Just wanted to drop a note and thank you for your fascinating story about John Sigmund, the Texas wildcatter, in Shades magazine last year.

My grandfather invested at least $350 with Sigmund in the 1920s and our family's archives include 10 shares in the Aransas Live Oak Ridge Oil Company. Nothing came of the investment, but I have always been curious about it. From time to time, I've done internet searches. Until your article, I came up empty. Thanks to your research, I now know that Sigmund was a real oil man and Aransas Live Oak Ridge was a real oil company. It's not as much fun as finding a forgotten fortune, but I am glad my grandfather (a locomotive engineer for the Pennsylvania Railroad in Chicago) was dealing with a legitimate opportunity. My mother is still alive (aged 93) and I am looking forward to sharing your article with her. If you ever delve into the pickle factory in Wisconsin once owned by Ernst W. Schumacher (my mother's uncle), please do let me know! Thanks again for a very interesting story. Best regards, Loren Wassell

Emelie & Loren: Thank you for reading Shades. Everyone here is so pleased you found us & made a connection. We will continue to work to help our readers solve those old photo mysteries. -fM


TO THE NINES

what’s the meaning ? WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE MAUREEN TAYLOR

There is   a   mysterious  expression,  “dressed  to  the  nines”  from  which  the  title  of  this  column   derives.     But   what’s   the   meaning   of   that   phrase?   The   Phrase   Finder   www.phrases.org.uk   tackles  the  question  and  delivers  an  interesting  answer.  Is  it  because  a  tailor  used  nine  yards   to   make   a   suit   or   a  shirt?   Maybe   not.   Is   it   associated   with  wealth  since   an   abundance   of   fabric  signi0ies  economic   status?  Perhaps.  The  site  editor’s  found  a  citation  in   an  1837  New   York   Herald,   “One  evening  a   smart   young   mechanic,   ‘dressed   to   the  nines’,   as   Ben   Bowline   says,   might  have   been  seen  wending  his  way  along  Broadway.“     The  origins  are  murky,  but   it’s   generally   understood   that   the   phrase   “to   the   nines”   refers   to   perfection   in   dress   or   0lamboyant   attire.   The   latter   seems   to   be   the   case   with   the   mechanic.   In   the   nineteenth   century,  women  seeking  to  be  a  paragon  of  contemporary  fashion,   “to  the  nines”  could  easily   refer  to  Godey’s  Lady’s  Book.   The   phrase   was   in   use   when   publisher   Louis   A.   Godey   launched   his   popular   women’s   magazine.  Godey  published  the  magazine  from  1830-­‐1878   with  Mrs.  Sarah  Josepha  Hale  as   editor   from   1837-­‐1877.   By   1860   the   magazine   had   over   150,000   subscribers   who   paid   $3.00   annually   for   12   monthly   issues.     In   1877   Godey   sold   the   magazine   to   another   publisher  who  continued  printing  it  until  1898.  

6 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Each issue   explores   a   nineteenth   century   women’s   world—fashion,   family   and   fanciful   crafts,  0iction  and   food.  Colored  fashion   plates   showed  the   latest  styles  available   in  speci0ic   New   York   establishments.   Black  and  white  engravings   often  included  instructions   on  how   to   make   accessories.     Included   were   directions   for   making   decorative   household   items.   Re0ined   and   educated   women   of   that   period   had   musical   talents   so   each   issue   included   sheet   music.   While   most   of   the   articles   were   written   by   men,   editor   Sarah   Josepha   Hale   published   three   issues   during   her   tenure   that   included   articles   penned   only   by   women.     Hale  wrote  Mary  Had  a  Little  Lamb.  

There were   competitors   to  

Below: Sarah  Josepha  Hale  

Richard's Free  Library,  Newport,  New  Hampshire  [LINK]   item  provenance:  Sarah  Josepha  Hale  Award  [LINK)   Wikipedia  Commons

this magazine,  but  Godey’s  set   the  American  standard   for  all   that  followed.  Women  seeking   fashion   help   could   consult   issues   of   this   magazine   and   make   their   own   out0its   modeled  after  those  shown.   In   this   column   I’ll   explore   trends   and   tips,   ala   Godey   (and   perhaps   a   few   of   their   competitors).   The   colors   worn   by   our   ancestors   aren’t   visible  in  the  muted  tones   of  a   carte   des   visite,   but   they   are   gorgeous   in   a   hand-­‐tinted   Godey’s   plate   or   imagined   from   a   detailed   description.   Once   you’ve   seen   these   fashion   plates,   you’ll   never  

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 7


look at   a   nineteenth   century   photo   the   same   way.    

Godey’s interpreted  the  high  fashion  of  Paris  for   Americans  with  engravings  labeled  as  such,  “Godey’s   Paris  Fashions  Americanized.”    Here  it’s  a  young  woman   in  a  pale  blue  dinner  dress  and  a  woman  in  a  pink  silk   accessorized  by  a  lace  cape  and  a  “Gipsy”  hat  trimmed   with  Clowers.  

Finding the Civil War in Your Family Album Purchase The Book Here [LINK] Maureen A. Taylor Maureen Taylor, the Photo Detective, turns her attention to portraits and pictures taken in the Civil War era to help you find wartime stories in your family photo collection. These images, whether it's a man in uniform or a woman posing with her children, tell the story of your family's involvement in a critical period of history. If you're not sure if your photo dates from that timeframe, this book will help you determine when it was taken.

8 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


A Reading Party Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 9


A Gallery of Occupational Photographs How do I know if I have an occupational photograph? -fM Occupational photographic   images   are   some   of   the   most   interesting,   collectible,   and   important  to  our   family  history.  To   be   classi0ied   as  an  occupational   image,   the   photograph   must   depict   people   engaged   in   their   trade   accompanied   by   tools,   products,   or   in   a   characteristic   uniform.   While  a  photograph  may  be  identi0ied  as  picturing  a   doctor,    unless   it  is  accompanied  by  the  little  black  bag  it  does  not  qualify  as  an  occupational  image. Darrah’s   Cartes   de   Visite   In   Nineteenth   Century  Photography   groups   occupational   images   into  seven  categories: 1. Primitive   industries   practiced   by   native   peoples   which   Darrah   describes  as  agriculture,  hunting,  0ishing,  weaving,  warfare,  etc. 2. Tradesmen,   such   as   butchers,   carpenters,   blacksmiths,   potters,   stone   masons,  shoemakers. 3. Organized  industries,   in  which   operations   are  performed   in   sequence:   mining,  factory  workers,  silk  industry,  iron  and  steel. 4. Merchants  and  vendors.

10 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Photo In The Collection Of footnoteMaven


5. Professional and  highly  skilled  physicians,  dentists,  clergymen,  lawyers,   educators,  surveyors,  photographers,  scientists. 6. Actors,  entertainers,  performers,  musicians. 7. Service   occupations,   military,   police,   0ireman,   servants,   waiters,   teamsters,  barbers,  and  many  others. Not  every   occupation  may  0it  neatly  into  the  above   categories.   I   have  also  included   the  interiors   of   stores  and  factories  as  occupational  images  even  if  the   photograph   is   not  populated  with   people.   For   me,   occupational   images   fall   into   the   I’ll   know   one  when  I  see  one  category.

Occupation: Saddlemaker Cabinet  Card.  Munson,  Madison,  S.  Dakota,  ca.   John  L.  Munson  Photography  Studio,  Madison,   South  Dakota  1878  -­‐  1918. 12 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011

Occupation: Tailor Cabinet  Card No  photographer  information. Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 12


Courtesy of the Library of Congress Courtesy of the Library of Congress

Occupation: Chimney  Sweep Cabinet  Card.  C.D.  Fredricks  &  Co.,  587  Broadway,   [between  1860  and  1870]

Occupation: Sausage  Maker Carte-­‐de-­‐visite.  Joh.  Larsson [date  unknown]

Occupation: Peddler Cabinet  Card.  C.D.  Fredricks  &  Co.,  587   Broadway,  [between  1860  and  1870] Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 13


Nurses

This woman’s   occupation   is   easily   identi0ied.   She   holds   in   her   hand  a  pair   of   scissors  used  to   cut   bandages.   On  her  waist   is   the   leather   case   to   hold   them.   She   wears   a   cap   and   uniform.   But,   sometimes   a   nurses’   uniform   &   that   of   a   maids’   are   dif0icult   to   distinguish. You  can  research  a   nurse   and  help  identify  her   by  her  cap,  pin,  and   or  uniform. Most   nursing   schools   had   their   own   distinct   cap   and   pin.   Many   hospitals  where  a  nurse  was  employed  had  speci0ic  uniforms. Photographs   and   information   can   be   found   in   nursing   school   records   and   magazines  such  as  Nursing  World  and  The  Trained  Nurse.

14 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 15


During my   research,   I  thought  I  had  hit  on  a  way   to   distinguish  a   nurses’   uniform  from   a   maids’  uniform. Nurses   uniforms,   I   surmised,   were   white   or   stripped   with   a   white   pinafore   or   a   cobbler’s   apron.   Maids   uniforms   were   black   or   dark   colored   with   white   aprons.   Both   might   be   wearing   a  “mob   cap.”  A   mob  cap  was   a   cap   designed   to   completely   cover   the   hair.   That   was   until   I   discovered   the   photograph  to  the  right. Anna   Palmberg   (a   night   nurse)   wearing   the  earliest  "mob"  style  of   cap   in   1888.   She’s   also  wearing  a  black   or   dark   uniform.     Image   courtesy   of   the   Massachusetts   General   Hospital   Nursing   Alumnae  Association.

As time  went  on,   hairstyles  and  nurses’   caps   changed.   Rather   than   covering   most   of   the   hair,   the   newer,   stylized   caps   were   designed   to   perch   on   the   back  of   the  head.   Hairstyles  for   women  were  becoming  shorter,   and  the   modern  "bobbed"   hairstyle   didn't   need   to   be   tied   up   in   a   bun,   so   caps   became   smaller   as   well.   In   1877,   a   nursing  student  probationer  wrote   that  she   and  her  fellow  students   wore  "caps,  or  no  caps,   as   they   liked,   and   when   worn,   were   of   any   description."   Article from the “Medscape Nurses” website (http://www.medscape.com)“News” section.

16 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Below, stylish caps of the Virginia Hospital Training School for Nurses in 1901.

I believe   this   is   a   photograph  of  a  maid.   The  inset   shows   what  appears  to  be  a   Chatelaine  attached  to  her  waist  and   perhaps  scissors   in  her   hand.  Originally,  I  thought  the   mob   cap   a  bit  frilly  for  a  nurse,  until   I  found  the  photograph  to   the  right.   Said  to  be  from  the  French  for  "Lady  of  the  House,"  a  chatelaine   is  a  set  of  implements  worn  at  the  waist.   As   the  photograph  was  taken  in  Hereford,  a   cathedral  city,   civil   parish  and  county  town  of  Herefordshire,  England,  perhaps  our   U.K.  readers  can  offer  some   suggestions  as   to  whether  this  may   be  a  maid.

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 17


Firemen Both of  these  men  wear  the  uniform  of  a   0ireman. The  uniform  can  be  recognized  by  the  Maltese   Cross   (opposite),   bugles/trumpets   on   their   insignias   and  as   trophies   for  a  competition  as   seen  below. The  man  to  the  left   may  be  a  battalion  chief  as   he  has  two  crossed  bugles  on  his  hat  insignia. The  man  below  may   be  a  lieutenant  as  he  has   a  single  bugle  crossed  with  a  ladder  on  his  hat   and  collar  insignias.

The Bugle Often   seen   on   0ire0ighter   chiefs’   patches,   badges   and  coins,   the   bugle  represents   the   early   form   of   communication   through   which  0ire0ighters   coordinated  their   efforts.   The   bugle   often   symbolizes   the   rank   of   a   0ire0ighter   within   a   unit.   For   example,   lieutenants   have   one   bugle   on   their   badge   or   patch,   captains   have   two   that   are   side-­‐ by-­‐side,   battalion   chiefs   have   two   crossed   bugles,   division   chiefs   have   three   crossed   bugles,   assistant   chiefs   have   four   crossed   bugles   and   the   0ire   chief   or   commissioner   has  0ive  crossed  bugles. Bugle   trophies   were   often   awarded   in   0ire0ighting   competitions.   See   opposite   page.


Maltese Cross

The above   bugle   trophy   was   awarded   to   The   Suffolk   County   Volunteer   Fireman’s   Association  in  1889  for    a  competition  among  hook  and  ladder  companies.   Trucks   to   rim   300  yards,   raise  25   foot   ladder   to   building   and   0ireman  ascend.   Time  to   be   called  when  man  grasps  top  round  of  ladder,  and  ladder  against  building.  Trucks  must  carry   at  least  four  regulation  ladders. The   trophy   was   given   for   the   purpose   of   stimulating   healthy   rivalry   and   enthusiastic   endeavor   among   the   0iremen   of   Suffolk   county,   and   was   to   become   the   property   of   the   company   winning   it   three   consecutive   times.   The   trumpet   was   of   solid   silver,   beautifully   ornamented  and  richly  lined  with  gold.

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 19


More Uniforms

20 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


I found  references   to  J.J.  Payne,  106   Anlaby   Road,   Hull,   as  early  as  1912  and  as   late   as  1930.   Unfortunately,   I  am   not  acquainted  with  the  insignias  and  uniform  of  this   photograph.  Is  there  a  whistle  at  the  end  of  that  chain? The   helmet   in   the   photograph   above   appears   to   be   the   same   as   photograph   on   preceding   page.   The   uniform   in   the  top  photograph  appears   to   also   be   the  same,   while   the  helmet   is   not.   These   comparison   photographs   are   from  the   British   Police   Online  Museum  under  Hull. This  may  be  a   Hull   Police  OfEicer.   Perhaps  our  readers  from  Great  Britain  can  give   us   a  hand.

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 21


This is my favorite occupational photograph. The below stairs occupants each hold the tools of their trade. See below.

22 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


On the  back  of  this  photograph  is  written:  “Only  have  the  one  picture  so  you  can  send  back   some  time. Enside  (sic)  view  of  store  we  now  have  dishes  on  a  table  in  front  -­‐  Entrance  to  grain  shed  at   end  of  counter  by  the  scales.”

All Photographs  In  The  Collection  of  The   Author  Unless  Otherwise  Stated.

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 23


APPEALING SUBJECTS

occupation: barber WHAT IS THE APPEAL? CRAIG MANSON

OCCUPATION: BARBER A  Pictorial  History  of  the  Practice  of  Barbarism A  Pictorial  History  of  the  Practice  of    Barbary A  Pictorial  History  of  the  Practice  of  Tonsory A  Shave  and  a  Haircut:  A  Photo  History

This 1880  painting  by  Greek  artist  Nikoloas  Gzyis  is  called  "The  Barber."

24 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


The 0irst   time  I   recall   being   in  a  barbershop,  I   was  about  seven  years  old.    I   went  with  my   dad.      The  barber  put   a  special  seat  in  the  barber  chair  so  that  I  would   sit   up  high  enough.   Then  he  cut  my  hair   according  to  my   dad's  speci0ications.  The  haircut   cost  one  dollar;  and   Dad  said  that  I  should  give  the  man  a  dime  as  a  tip.  Obviously  this  was  a  long,  long  time  ago! The   tonsorial   (Latin;   tonsori,   "to   shave")   art   is   much   older   than   the   photographic   art.   Evidence  of  the  profession  is  found  as   much  is  7000  years  ago  in  some  regions  of  the  world.   It   is   said   that   at   one   time,   the   professions   of   barber   (Latin;   barba,   beard),   surgeon,   and   dentist   were   a   single   occupation.   Some   scholars   even   say   that   barbers   in   some   ancient   societies  performed  marriages  and  other  religious  rites  as  well.

A  "Cigarette  Card"  depicting  the  coat  of  arms  of  the  Barber-­Surgeons  Company,  London.  Information   about  the  Company  is  on  the  other  side  of  the  card  depicted  below. The   New   York   Public   Library   says   this   about   cigarette   cards:   "Cigarette   or   tobacco   cards   began  in   the  mid-­19th  century  as  premiums,   enclosed  in  product  packaging.  They  were  usually   issued   in   numbered   series   of   twenty-­Mive,   Mifty,   or   larger   runs   to   be   collected,   spurring   subsequent   purchases   of  the   same   brand.   Typically,   these  small   cards  feature   illustrations   on   one   side   with  related  information   and  advertising   text   on  the  other.   .  .   .The   height  of  cigarette   card   popularity   occurred   in   the   early  decades   of  the   20th   century,   when   tobacco   companies   around   the   world   issued   card   sets  in   an   encyclopedic  range   of  subjects.   After   a  slump  during   the  First  World  War,   popularity  resumed,   with  new  emphasis  on  Milm  stars,  sports,  and   military   topics.  Plants,  animals,  and  monuments  of  the  world  remained  perennially  favorite  themes." "While  most  cards  were  produced  by  conventional  offset  or  other  economical  commercial   printing  processes,  a  few  series  were  issued  as  original  gelatin  silver  photographs  or  printed  

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 25


on silk  or  linen  fabric;  others  were  created  as  puzzles   or  paper  toy  cut-­outs.  The  appeal  of  contemporary   cigarette  cards  fell  by  the  1950s,  ceasing  their   production  and  distribution."-­-­New  York  Public   Library,  Digital  Gallery  [http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/ nypldigital/explore/?col_id=161]

Since the   dawn   of   the   Age   Of   Photography   in   the   19th   century,   barbers,   their   customers,   their   tools,   and  their  shops  have  been  the  subject  of  numerous   photographs  chronicling  pop  culture  of  the  day. BARBERS IN AMERICANA Today   in   America,   the   barbershop   remains   a   community   center   and     communications   hub   of   s o r t s   i n   s m a l l   t o w n s   a n d   i n n e r   u r b a n   neighborhoods.     Here  are  some  views   of   American  barbershops   over   the  last  century  and  a  half.

Hagerstown, Maryland, 1937

26 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Hagerstown, Maryland, Stereoscopic view of barbershop in Great Falls, Stafford County, New Hampshire

This large barbershop was photographed in Indiana in 1920.


Left: A slow day at the shop in Key West, Florida

Right: Sandusky, Ohio, sole proprietor

Former delinquents learn a trade at the New York State Reformatory School barber school (circa 1921). Careful with those razors, boys!


What was  the  origin  of  the  barber's"  pole? In   former   times   barbers   served   the   public   in   the   capacity   of   surgeons,   and   performed  the  act  of  bleeding,  that  being  a  favorite   remedy   with  our  ancestors.  The   pole   represented   the   staff   held   by   the   person   being   bled,   and   the   spiral   stripes   painted   around  it   were   typical   of  the   two   bandages   used  for   twisting   around   the   arm  previous  to  the  bleeding  and  after  the  operation  had  been  performed.


Right: An empty shop in the "Mexican" section of San Antonio, Texas, 1939

Barbers get political in New York City, 1913. The speaker is Joseph James "Smilin' Joe" Ettor (1886-1948), a leading organizer for the Industrial

.

Workers of the World (IWW)

Below: Barbershop aboard a deluxe train (circa 1910-1920). There's a barber with a steady hand!

30 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Japanese-­‐American women  barbers   outside  the  barbershop  at  Tule  Lake   internment  camp,  Newell,  California   (circa  1942).

BARBERS IN FOREIGN LANDS As has  been  noted  barbering  is  an  ancient  profession  and  in  some  parts  of  the  world  it  was   practiced  in  an  ancient  way  well  into  the  20th  century.


32 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


A Japanese barber and customer in a rare color stereograph from 1905.

This stereograph shows an Egyptian barber and his client sometime between 1910 and 1920

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 33


Left: The Chinese have been barbering for thousands of years. This is one half of a stereograph produced in Peking (now Beijing) in 1902.

Right: This Chinese barber carries his shop with him. Peiping [now Beijing], 1931.

Left: Chinese barber and customer in Peking [now Beijing], 1919.


BARBERS IN DISASTERS Just because   there's   an   earthquake   doesn't   mean   a   man   can't   be   well   groomed!   Barbers   show  up  at  disasters  just  like  the  Red  Cross.

Right: Man gets a shave in at temporary barbershop at Fort Mason, San Francisco, after 1906 earthquake

Below: This barber (painting sign on tent) is preparing to reopen in the midst of earthquake reconstruction, San Francisco, 1906

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 35


The shaving goes on despite the flu epidemic in Chicago, 1918.

36 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


BARBERS AT SEA Beards and  sailors  have  traditionally  gone  together.  But  barbers  are  needed  to  keep  them   from  getting  too  woolly  during  long  voyages

Above: This 1905 cigarette card shows barbers on deck of a manof-war. This card was published by John Player and Sons in Great Britain.

Aboard the USS Brooklyn, sometime between 1896 and 1901

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 37


BARBERS IN BATTLE

The typed caption tells the story of this stereograph

U.S.Army barber in Mexico on the Pancho Villa Expedition

Fort Sam Houston, Texas, 1911 Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 38


BARBERS IN THE OLD WEST What would  a  western  television  show  or  movie  be  without  a  barbershop  scene?

Georgetown, Colorado, barbershop, sometime between 1870-1900.

Georgetown wasn't just another one-chair town. The competition, 1870-1900.

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 39


"Lady Barbers" in Colorado (year unknown; prior to 1900)

Richardson, Texas Barbershop, circa 1921

40 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


ARICAN-AMERICAN BARBERS African-­‐Americans have  been  barbering   as  long  as  they  have  been  in  America.  Their  story  is   like   that   of   other   American   barbers,   but   with   a   few   sociological   knots.   There   were   slave   barbers,  who  were  trusted  with  sharp  razors,  despite  the  fears  of  some  whites  that  slaves generally  would  be  violent  if  left  to  their  devices. Barbers   were   once   the   elite   of   the   African-­‐American   business   community.   Consequently,   they   got   caught   up   in   the   black   and   the   white   obsession   with   skin   color.   Many   mulatto   barbers  refused  to  serve  black  customers,  preferring  whites.  Many  black  barbers  refused  to   join  barber   unions  set  up  by  other  ethnic  groups  despite  pressure  to  so,  seeing  it  as   a  way   to  limit  their  opportunities.  In  some  areas,   black  barbers   were   gradually  squeezed  out  the   unions,  which  then  refused  to  let  them  join.

John J. Evans was a barber reputed to be "one of the richest colored men" in Michigan.

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 41


Right: A black barbershop on U St. NW in Washington, DC, 1942 – in the neighborhood where Duke Ellington grew up and Langston Hughes lived.

Left: A Negro barbershop in Atlanta – no whites served. Below: A black barber in the fields, 1896.

Below: Saturday afternoon outside the barbershop in Union Point, Greene County, Georgia, 1941.


Alonzo Herndon   (1858-­‐1927),   born   into   slavery,   started  his  business  life  as  a  barber  in  Jonesboro, Georgia.   He  died  the  0irst   black  millionaire   in  Atlanta   history.   After   several   months   as   a   journeyman   barber   in   Atlanta   he   owned   several   black   barbershops   including   one   called   "A.   F.   Herndon's   Tonsorial   Palace."   The   Palace   opened   in   1902   and   eventually   became   the   most  famous  barbershop  in  the  South.   Although   it   had   an   all-­‐black   staff,   Herndon's   "Palace"   served   only  whites. Herndon   parlayed   his   barbershop   fortune   into   an   insurance   company,   the   Atlanta   Life   Insurance   Company   which   provided   0inancial   security   for   blacks   throughout   the   South.   It   became   the   largest   black  owned  insurance  company  in  US  history.

Alonzo Herndon's home – now on the National Register of Historic Places.

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 43


Headstone of   Abraham   Lincoln's   personal   barber   –   a   black   man   named   William  H.   Johnson.  Johnson  is  buried  in   Arlington  Cemetery.

Advertisement for   Ben   Howell's   Cosmopolitan   barbershop   in   Harlem,   1890s.

All the source documentation for this article may be found here.

44 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Shades of The Departed asked Craig Manson, “What was your favorite job?” The best  job  I   ever   had  was  working   as  a  news  reporter   at  a   top  40  rock   'n  roll  station  in   Monterey  California.   I  would  spend   the  evening  say  from  6  to   9  or  10   at  night   covering  the   city  Council,  or  the  planning  commission  or  some  other  event  in  the  evening.   Then  I  would  go   to  the  station,  edit  the   tapes,  and  record  "actualities."    Then  I  did  the  news.   We   had  what  we  called   "20/20"  news:  20   min.   before   each     hour.   I  did   the  news   20  min.   before  each  hour  from  midnight  to  6  AM.   Then   I   did  the   6  AM  morning  sports  show.   The   cool   part  was  at  the   end   of   each  segment   getting  to  say,  in  my  then  cool  California  DJ  voice,   "Craig  Manson.  KMBY  20/20  news,  the  sound  of  news  in  the  making!"   and  then  cue  the  jock  in  the  other  studio,  saying   "Now  much  more  music  from  Music  Power  KMBY!"   Such  fun!    but  once  in  a  while  I  listen  to  those  tapes  these  days  and  cringe  at  my   inexperience!    Craig


Behind the Camera

C. L. HUNT, Jeweler and Photographer in Franklin Falls, N.H. - fM C.L. Hunt   was   Clarence   L.   Hunt,   who   began   his  career  as  a  jeweler   at  the  age  of   thirty,   in   Franklin  Falls,  New  Hampshire. It   was   not   uncommon   in   the   early   days   of   photography   for   a   photographer   to   have   or   have  had  several  careers.   The  most  common   prior  professions  were  that   of  artist,  painters   early   photographers   considered   their   work   with  the   camera   an  art   form   and   fashioned   their   subjects   after   famous   paintings   and   techniques. Once   photography   became   more   common   place,   photographers  often   engaged  in   more   than   one   occupation   to   take   advantage   of  

Photo In The Collection Of footnoteMaven

in oil,   crayonists   and   watercolorists.   Most  

e x p e n s i v e s t o r e f r o n t s .   T h e r e   i s   documentation   that   some   photographers   were   morticians,   chemists   and   dentists   (I   have   often   thought   the   photographer's   chair   closely   resembled   that   of   a   dentist's).   LITTLE GIRL WEARING JEWELS 46 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Research has   produced  photographers  who  were  jewelers   as  well  as   photographer's,  but   I   had  never  owned  a  photographer's  imprint  that  advertised  this  dual  profession  until  now.   Clarence   L.   Hunt   started   his   business   career   as   a   jeweler,   sometime   around   1877,   in   Franklin   Falls,   New   Hampshire.   Franklin   Falls   was   a   small   village,   part   of   the   larger   Franklin,   New   Hampshire,   whose   population   was   3600   people  in  1877.   The  Falls   did   not   have  a  photographer,  the  nearest  being  Charles  Warren  in  Franklin.   The  Falls   did  have   three   jewelers;   G.   G.   Fellows,   W.   F.   Cushman,   and  C.L.   Hunt.     The  1894   New   Hampshire   Business   Directory   listed   Franklin  as   a   town  of  4,085  people  supporting   two   photographers,   Hunt   and   S.   L.   Bowers.   It   is   easy   to   see   why   Hunt   would   need   to   supplement  his  income. By  1882,  Franklin’s  population  has  dropped   to  3,265  and  no  longer  boasts   a   photographer.   While  the  Falls  is  still  without  a  photographer,  it  is  now  absent  the  jeweler  W.  F.    Cushman. A   call   to   the   Franklin   County   Library   and   a   request   for   a   search   of   the   Franklin   Falls   Directories  for  the  years  1880  to  1910  produced  the  following  information  for  Clarence   L.  

Photos Courtesy of One Man’s Treasure

Hunt's businesses  in  Franklin/Franklin  Falls,  New  Hampshire.

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 47


1881 –  Business:  Watch;   Jewelry  Business  Address:   Central  St.  Residence:  High  St.

1888-­‐1889 –  Business:  Jewelry;   Photographer  Business   Address:  Central  St. 1890  -­‐  1893  -­‐  No  directories  in   library. 1894-­‐1895  -­‐  Business:   Photographer  Business   Address:  Central  St.  Residence:   30  Thompson  Park 1896  -­‐  1901  -­‐  No  directories  in  library. 1902  -­‐  Business:  Photographer  Business  Address:  Blank  Residence:  30  Thompson  Park 1903  -­‐  1909  -­‐  No  directories  in  library. 1910  -­‐  Business:  Photographer  Business  Address:  22  Thompson  Park  Residence:  30   Thompson  Park. The   1880   census   lists   C.L.   Hunt   as   a   jeweler   living   with   his   wife   Lavinia   in   the   Village   of   Franklin  Falls.  Lavinia   works   in  a  hosiery   mill   while  her  mother  Abigail   Campbell  keeps  house   for   the   family.   The   1900   and   1910   censuses   list   Hunt   as   a   photographer   only,   as   does   the   directory.   The   Library  does   not   contain   directories  for   the   years  between   1881   and   1888;   and   1889  and  1894.  There  is  no  census  information  for  1890. As   there   were   no   photographers   in   Franklin   Falls   in   1882,   Hunt’s   career   as   a   Jeweler   Photographer   must  have  commenced   sometime  in  1883  or   later.  That  would   place  the  date  of   this  particular  Cabinet  Card  sometime  between  1883  and  1894,  the  last  year  Hunt  was   listed  in   the  directory  under  the  dual  profession  of  Jeweler  and  Photographer,  as  on  this  card.

48 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011

Photos Courtesy of One Man’s Treasure

1882 -­‐  1887  -­‐  No  directories  in   library.


A Date With This Old Photograph Every photograph   has  within  it   a  story  about  the  life   of   the  sitter,   the  photographer,  and  the   time  and  place  in  which  it   was  created.  Photographs  were  made  for  a  variety  of  reasons—as   keepsakes   of  a  loved  one,   mementos  of  an  important   life   event,   symbols  of  status,   and  for   the  photographer  it  was  often  a  sales  tool. Both  boys  and  girls   wore   dresses  as  infants   and  toddlers  during  the  period  addressed  here.   For   the   most   part   the   dresses   worn   by   boys   were   plain   in   comparison   to   those   of   girls.   (Please   do   not  take  this  as  a   hard  and  fast  rule.  The  Eirst  time  we  do  we  will  have  misidentiEied   the  exception.)  This  is  just  one  step  in  the  identi0ication  process. The  difference   can  often   be  told   in  the   hairstyle   worn  by   the   sitter.   Boys   wore   their   hair   parted  on  one   side  or  the   other.   Girls  wore  their   hair  parted   in   the   middle  and  often  with   bangs.  (Again,  not  a  hard  and  fast  rule.) Even  though  Victorian  fathers  had   no  problem  with  a  son  wearing   a  dress  (convenient   for   changing  diapers),  I  have  yet  to  see  jewelry  such  as  this  worn  by  a  boy. I  am  assuming  this  sitter  is  more  likely  than  not  a  girl. THE JEWELRY The   necklace   being   worn   by   the   little   girl,   after   much   research,   appears   to   be   from   the   period  1875  -­‐   1885.   Caution   -­   while  the  necklace  may  be  from   this  time  period  it   could   have  survived  long  


after. The   necklace   puts   us   in  the   correct   time   period   for   the   photographer,   but   does   not  

narrow our   span   of  years   in   dating   this   photograph.   It   may,   however,   lead  us   to   another   conclusion  regarding  the  photograph. Little,  if  anything,  was  left  to   chance  in   a  formal  Victorian  portrait  photograph.   (The  Victorian   Period  revolves  around  the  rule  of  Queen  Victoria.  She  was  crowned  in  1837   and  died  in  1901.  It  was  preceded  by   the   Regency   Period   and   was   followed   by   the   Edwardian   Period.)   Rites,   celebrations   and   symbolism  

were depicted  in  the  photographs   of  the  era.  The  prominent  display  of  the  necklace  in  this   photograph  may   be  a  clue.  Was  this  an  advertisement  used  by  Hunt  for  his  Jewelry  business   as  well  as  his  Photographic  Studio?  Or  was  he  just  placating  a  petulant  child? Photographers   often   used   Carte   de   Visites   as   business   cards   and   advertisements.   I   have   CDVs   and  Cabinet  Cards  in   my  collection  that   were  in   fact  advertisements.   Hunt  may   have   been  doing  just   that  with  this   card,  as  this  little  girl  is   wearing  a  beautiful  piece  of  jewelry.   Young  women  and  children   of  this  time  period  wore  jewelry.  However,  our  little  girl  looks   a   bit  young  for  the  large  necklace  she  is  wearing. Was   the   young   girl   the   photographer   Hunt's   daughter?   The   answer   is   no.   In   the   1900   census   Clarence   and   Vinnie   have   been   married   for   twenty-­‐three   years   and   have   had   no   children.   Clarence   was   born   in   October   of   1852   and   Lavinia/Vinnie   was   born   in   June   of   1846,  making   Clarence  47  and  Lavinia   53  years   old  at   this  time.  It   is   doubtful  there  would   be  any   children  born  to   this   couple   after  1910.   And   none  born   to   them   for   the   period   of   time  we  are  attaching  to  this  photograph,  1882  -­‐  1894. There   were   no   neighbors   with   a   young   female   child   of   the   approximate   age   living   near   Hunt's   home.   Both  Clarence   and   Lavinia  had  brothers   and  sisters.   An  in-­‐depth   analysis   of   the  two  families  could  produce  a  niece  who  sat  for  the  portrait,  but  that  is  outside  the  scope   of  this  article. We   may   never   know.   She   may   have   been   an   extremely   attractive   child   who   came   to   the   photographic   studio   for  a  portrait  and  Hunt   convinced  the  family  to  allow   him  to  use  her  for  

52 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


advertisement. He   may   have   gone   looking   for   an   attractive   young   girl   to   use   as   an   advertisement.   The  necklace  may   have  been  used  to   entertain  a   petulant   child  and  not  be   an  advertisement.  Maybe  it  was  just  a  portrait.  Again,  we  may  never  know. What  we  do  know  is  that  this  is  a  charming  Carte  de  Visite  portrait  of  a  young  girl  wearing   jewels  and  the  perfect  Date  With  An  Old  Photo. Sources: Books: Darrah,  William  C.  Cartes  de  Visite  in  19th  Century  Photography.  Gettysburg:  Darrah,  1981. Ettinger,  Roseann.  Popular  Jewelry  1840  -­‐  1940.  Schiffer.  2002. MacPhail,  Anna.  The  Well  Dressed  Child.  Atglen,  Pennsylvania:  Schiffer,  1999. McCulloch,  Lou  W.  Card  Photographs,  A  Guide  To  Their  History  and  Value.  Exton,  Pennsylvania:  Schiffer  1981. Mace,  O.  Henry.  Collector's  Guide  To  Early  Photographs.Iola,  Wisconsin:  Krause,  1999. Severa,  Joan.  Dressed  For  The  Photographer.  Kent,  Ohio:  Kent  State  University  Press,  1995. Census: 1880  U.S.  census,  Merrimack  County,  New   Hampshire,  population  schedule,  Franklin   Falls,  p.  279,  dwelling  201,  family  263,   Clarence  L.  Hunt  (Head);  digital  images.   Heritage  Quest  (http:// persi.heritagequestonline.com/  :  retrieved   20  July  2008);  citing  NARA  microailm   publication  T9,  roll  766. 1910  U.S.  census,  Merrimack  County,  New   Hampshire,  population  schedule,  Franklin   Falls,  p.  139,  dwelling  160,  family  217,   Clarence  L.  Hunt  (Head);  digital  images.   Heritage  Quest  (http:// persi.heritagequestonline.com/  :  retrieved   20  July  2008);  citing  NARA  microailm   publication  T624,  roll  864. Photographs: Unknown  Little  Girl  Wearing  Jewels.  Carte   de  Visite  ca.  1882-­‐1894.  Privately  held  by   the  footnoteMaven,  Preston,  Washington.   2007

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 51


Capture The Moment Heritage Scrapbooking Blessed Are The Children Of Scrapbookers For They Shall Inherit The Scrapbooks Anonymous With this  issue  of  Shades  we  explore  the  beautiful  digital  heritage  scrapbooking  layouts   of   our  readers.   You're   the  one  who  Captured  The  Moment  and  Shades  is  the  place  to  share  that   moment.  Come  here  for  inspiration!

Looking for   some   summer   scrapbook   reading?   May   we   suggest   Somerset   digital   studio  Magazine. Great   summer   reading!   Jessica   Helfunds’   amazing  SCRAPBOOKS  (you   can  read  about  it   here   on   Shades)   and   The   Scrapbook   in   American  Life  by  Tucker,  Ott,  and  Buckler.  


TEXAS CENTENNIAL Vicki Everhart BeNotForgot I N S P I R AT I O N : Seventy-five years ago today . . . on this d a t e i n Te x a s history . . . the 2nd day of March . . . in the year 1936 . . . celebrations are being held across the state in honor of the 100th anniversary of Texas Independence. My father whose ancestors had started would take up permanent residence in Texas sometime before 1940. in Texas ca. 1860. My Mom, the daughter of a long line of Texans on her father's side,

TECHNIQUE: The background image is a free blogger template, the Centennial banner is scanned from a 1936 Centennial newsletter in my private collection, the postage stamps were issued in 1936 (Centennial) and 1945 (statehood), the postcard caption for the lighted night scene says, “The lagoon and fountain at night, Texas Centennial Exposition, Dallas.” The back of the same card says, “The Lagoon and Fountain at Night, all artificially built, with its ever-changing colors and reflections, shows what can be accomplished by mere man with just a little effort.” Dallas Post Card Co., Dallas, Texas.


RIDING THE RAILS Cheri Hopkins Those Old Memories INSPIRATION: I have a proud heritage of Railroaders in my family and chose to do this page to honor them. TECHNIQUE: I do all of my scrap booking as digital designs and often put together in 3-D relief as this one is. I nearly always use my own designs, photos, and extractions. Most elements in this page are from scanned original items in my personal collection. My Dad's pocket watch, buttons and pins from his uniform, photos and personal ephemera were all used. ELEMENTS: The small inset element with the hat and watch is from the "Iron Horse" collection: Jean Daughtery Designs of Heritage Scrap. The background paper design is also from Heritage Scrap. SOFTWARE PROGRAM: I use Digital Image Pro, and Adobe Elements 8 for designing. 54 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


GREAT GRANDMA EFFIE Cheri Hopkins Those Old Memories INSPIRATION: My Great Grandma, Effie, was the mother of 15 children, twelve living to adulthood and she was truly a strong and special lady who also left many Grandchildren with firsthand enduring memories of her love and strength. TECHNIQUE: I supplemented this dimensional scrap page with a 400 page family history descendant book and printed 69 copies to honor Effie Copsey Gardner. The scrapbook page was created with digitally scanned, embellished personal photos and documents. Fabric flowers, old buttons, lace and a frame were added then designed and framed as 3-D to hang on the wall. I then rescanned the completed project so it could be shared with family along with the book. SOFTWARE PROGRAM: Digital Image Pro and Adobe Elements 8 were used for designing my page.


PENELOPE DREADFUL

a dreadful tale year after year SAVED BY GRACE BY PENELOPE DREADFUL

Family stories   have   a   way   of   changing,   growing   more   dramatic   with  each   telling,   like  the   game  of  Telephone  we  played  as  children.  Bu  this  story   never  changes.   It's  always  the   same   dreadful  tale  year  after  year. Mother  was  ill  and  Father  was  frantic. "Hush  now   children,   let's   play  the  Quiet   Game  and  let   Mother  rest  a  bit,   shall   we?"  Father   pleaded,   pretending  everything   was   0ine.  But,  we   knew   it  wasn't.   For   one  thing,  after  dinner   games   with   Father   were   never   quiet.   They   were   always   romping,   boisterous   adventures   over   and  under   furniture,   in   and   out   of  the   wood   paneled   rooms   of   our   large   old   house,   accompanied   by   much   whooping   and   hollering   until   we   ended   the   game   in   a   tumbled   scrum  at  Father's  feet.  This  Quiet  Game  was  something  new  entirely,  and  not  at  all  amusing. Arthur,  although  only  four,  was  the  0irst  to  suggest  mutiny. "Don't  wanna,"  he  wailed.  "don't  wanna  quiet.  Play  S'fari.  Les  play  S'fari" But   Father  was  not  to   be  dissuaded.   We  sti0led  our  voices   and  pretended  to  enjoy  being  "as   still  as  a   statue"  and  "as   quiet   as  a  mouse."  Poor  Father,  he  was  as  bored  as   we  were,  and  the   evenings  grew  longer  and  more  dull  as  Mother's  illness  lingered.

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 57


One bright  spring  afternoon,   Mother  called  me  into  her  room.  She  was  resting  on  the  chaise   and  looked   tired,   but  as  beautiful   as  always.   I   didn't  hesitate  to  wrap  my  arms   around  her   neck. "Jack,  dear,"  she  said,  "things  are  going  to  be  a  bit  different  for  a  bit  longer." "Oh  Mama,  you  are  getting  better,  aren't  you?  Can  we  all  play  soon? "Soon   enough,  my   darling.   And  then  there  may  even  be  one  more  of  us   to  play  with.  I  have   a   surprise  for  you,  Would  you  like  to  have  a  new  little  brother  or  sister? I   thought   about   my   answer,   knowing   my   true   feelings   on   the   matter   might   not   be   well   received.  But  a  bigger  surprise  was  yet  to  come. "Father  has   found  someone  to  stay  with  us  who   can  run  and  play  games   with  you  and  Emma   and  Jamie,  now  that  the  doctor  says  I  must  rest  so  much  of  the  time.   She  handed  me  a  photograph  and  watched  as  I  examined  the  image  of  a  young  woman. Carefully  holding  the  card  by  the  corners  I  looked  closely  at  this  "new  playmate." "She's  wearing  glasses,"  I  stated  the  obvious "Yes,"  Mother  replied  carefully,  "she  may   have  weak  eyesight,  but  that  doesn't  mean  she  isn't   kind  or  clever. "Well,  yes,"  I  admitted,  "but  can  she  play  ball  with  them?" "If  you  mean,  is  a  person  wearing  eyeglasses  capable   of  throwing  and  catching  a   ball,  I  think   you  may  be  very  pleasantly  surprised  by  Miss  Grace  Monroe,  cousin  of  none  other  than  Nate   Monroe. I  grabbed  Mother's  hand  and  squeezed,  "truly?  truly? Any  doubts  in  this  new  arrangement  disappeared.  

58 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


"Yes, my  dear.  Miss  Grace   is   now  living  with  her  aunt's   family   which  includes  one  Nate  the   Great,   0irst-­‐string  pitcher   for   the  Davenport   Red  Sox.   Mother's  sweet  laugh  was  the   0irst   I   had  heard  in  weeks,  and  gave  me  hope  that  things  would  get  better  in  time.   That  day   must   have   been   the  0irst   day   of  spring   because   everything  was   suddenly   better.   Miss  Grace  arrived  with  a  large  satchel  and  an  even  larger  canvas  bag  of  "equipment."   As  the  evenings  grew  longer  we  resumed  our  loud  games,  out  of  doors,  and  Father  was  an   enthusiastic  participant  once  again.  By  the  time  the  0ire0lies  came  out,  Mother  was  on  the   veranda  with  little  Clara,  cheering  on  all  players. Grace   became   a   steady   member   of   the  household.   I   didn't   always   have   to   push   the  pram   when  we  went   to   the   park,   or  play   patty   cake   with  the   little  ones.   We  could  toss   the   ball   with  Grace  while  Mother  sat  with  the  babies. It  was   a  shock  when  Father   announced  that  Grace  was  going   away.   We   had  just   celebrated   Clara's   0irst   birthday   and   I   was   starting   school   in   the   Fall.   How   could   I   manage   without   Grace.  Father  must  have  seen  the  dismay  on  my  face  because  he  was  quick  to  explain, "Grace  will  be  back,  Jack,  she  is  only  taking  a  little  trip." But  why,  I  wailed,   once  again  forgetting  I  was  the  oldest  and  should  be  setting  an  example  to   the  little  ones. "  Jack,   Jack,"  Father  laughed,   "Grace   is   going  to   have  a   wonderful   adventure.   Her   aunt   has   invited  her  to  travel  with  her  to  San  Francisco.  She  will  only  be  gone  six  weeks,  and  then  she   will  be  back   with  us  once  again.  Just  think   Jack,   of   all  the  new  stories  and  games  Grace  will   have  to  share  with  you." "Not  to   mention   how  nice  it  will  be   for   her  to   have  a  bit  of  a  holiday  from  all  of   us,"  Mother   added.  "She  certainly  deserves  it,  after  this  year." It  would  be  a  very  long  dull  time,  I  thought,  miserably.

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 59


The next   few   days   were   a   0lurry   of   dressmaking   and   packing   as   Mother   helped   Grace   prepare  for  her  Adventure.  The  day   she  was  to   leave  0inally  arrived   and  we  all  stood  in  the   front   hall   with  Grace  to  say  goodbye.   I  waited  to   be   last,  but  the   doorbell   rang   just  as  she   reached  out  to  hug  me.   We   all   turned  to   greet  the  newcomer,   wary  of   anyone   who   would   take   "our   Grace"   away   from   us.   A   smiling   young   man   stood   on   the   porch.   His   attire   was   anything   but   conventional:   grey   0lannel   knickers  and  matching   jersey   marked  with  a  bright  red  number. Grace   looked   at   him   and   laughed.   Turning   to   Father,   she   said   with   a   smile,   "Sir,   may   I   introduce   Nate   Monroe,  my  rather  casual  cousin." "Pardon  my  uniform,   sir,   missus,"  he  said  promptly.   "I   have   a   game   directly   after   we   take   Grace   and   Mother  to  the  station."

gress

Father clearly   enjoyed   the   impromptu   of Con

acquaintance and   quickly   offered   a   few  

Father called  me  back. "Jack,"   he   said   excitedly   after   a   short   conversation  with   Mother.   "Jack,   what   do   you  say   we   go  watch   Nate  pitch  that  game  this   afternoon.  Aunt  Mary  is  coming  to  visit   your  mother  and  I  think  we  men  could  slip  away  for  a  few  hours." What   began   as   a   Dreadful   Day   turned   into   the   best   day   of  my   six   years.That   night   I   fell   asleep  clutching  a  ragged  ball  after  a  kiss  to  the   photo  of  my   Grace  that  Mother  left  propped   on  my  pillow.  She  was  still  taking  care  of  me  after  all. 60 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011

courte s

waved goodbye.  I   turned  to  go  upstairs  when  

Image

players. Nate   grabbed   the   bags   and   we   all  

y of L ibrary

comments about   the   current   ball   season   and  


Shades of The Departed asked Miss Penelope Dreadful, “What was your favorite job?”

It may   be   no   surprise   to   know   that   Penny   Dreadful's   favorite   job   involved   newspapers.   “I   will   always   remember  the   summer   I  turned  seventeen  and  worked   as  a  vacation   substitute  at  our  local   daily.   I  had  written   features  as  a  stringer  throughout  high  school,  but   it  was   great  fun  to  actually  be  in   charge  of  a  desk   for  one  or  two   weeks  when  the  editors   went  on   vacation.  I   covered  the  city  council  meetings,  society  teas,  and  Rotary  awards,   and  served  as   Sports  Editor  for  two  weeks.  If  things  were  slow   I   wrote  ‘future’  obituaries  for  the  0iles  -­‐-­‐   a   job  that  has  served  me  well  for  genealogy!”  PennyD

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 61


Miss July/August


Great Grandma Is A Centerfold Lookin' through  Shades  Magazine Found  something  tucked  there  in-­‐between My  blood  runs  cold My  memories  have  all  been  sold Great  Grandma  is  a  centerfold Great  Grandma  is  a  centerfold A  part  of  me  has  just  been  ripped The  ages  from  my  mind  are  stripped That  unnamed  woman  can't  deny  it footnoteMaven  had  to  buy  it!  

Photo In The Collection Of footnoteMaven

My blood  runs  cold My  memories  have  all  been  sold Great  Grandma  is  a  centerfold Great  Grandma  is  a  centerfold It's  okay,  we  understand Not  all  heirlooms  are  in  our  hand We  know  that  when  this  issue's  gone Great  Grandma’s  centerfold  lives  on   My  blood  runs  cold My  memories  have  all  been  sold Great  Grandma  is  a  centerfold Yes,  Great  Grandma  is  a  centerfold

Miss July/August is an Occupational Photograph - Candy Maker, Confectioner? Cabinet card by William G. Entrekin, Manayunk, Philadelphia, PA. When I purchased this cabinet card the seller stated that the young woman was a candy maker. She is wearing a hat, apron, and sleeve covers. She holds a box with individually wrapped small packages. Unfortunately, to date, I have been unable to verify that this is an image of a candy maker, confectioner. Thank you  again  -­  Diana  Ritchie   (Random  Relatives)   this  was  a  great  idea!

64 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


THE HEALING BRUSH

torn from history TORN FROM HISTORY BY JANINE SMITH

What’s your  0irst  thought  when   you  look  at  the  damage  on   this  photo?  Is  it  “That   looks  like   it   would  take  waaay  too   long  to  0ix,   and   more  skills  than  I  have”,  or  “That’s   not  that   bad!   I   can  do  this”?  

(Fig. 1)

While you  may  initially  think   it’s  too  much  to  handle,   the  real  answer  is   that  you  can  do  it,  and  I’m  going  to   show  you  how  it  can  be  done! The  0irst  thing   we’re  going   to  do   is  give  this   man  his   buttons   back.   To   do   this,   we’ll   borrow   them   from   lower   down   on   his   jacket.   By   looking   at   the   other   side  of  his  jacket,  you  can  see  he  needs  two  buttons.  

Choose and  select  the  two  buttons  you  want  to  use.   (Fig.  1)

Using the   Move   tool   and   the   arrow   keys,   move   the   buttons  to  the  general  area  you  want  them.  (Fig.  2) 66 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


New York Gallery Williamsport, Pa.


Now use   keyboard   shortcut   Ctrl   (PC)   or   Cmd   (Mac)   +   T   to  

Fig. 2

transform. Line  the  bottom   button   up  to   the   one   below   it.   It   doesn’t   have   to   be   perfect,   just   close.   Cloth  moves  and  often  doesn’t  line   up   perfectly.   Since   the   missing   buttons   were   toward   the   top   of   the  jacket,  and  the  topmost   button   looks   a  bit  wider  spaced  than  the   ones   below,   I   rotated   the   new   buttons  out  ever  so  slightly.   More   often   than   not,   when   you   borrow   areas   to   composite   into   your  image,   the   color,   or   the   tone,   will   be   off,   even   slightly.   In   this  

(Fig. 3)


instance, the  borrowed  area  is  darker   than  the  area   it’s  moving  to.   To  even  things   out  a  bit,   go  to  Image   >   Adjustments  >  Levels.  You  can  also,   of  course,  use  a  Levels  Adjustment  layer,   but  for  this  one  little  area,  I’m  going  to   just  eyeball  it   and  work  on  the  layer  itself.  Move  the   sliders  until  the  composited  piece  looks  close  to  the  tone  of  the  area  beneath.  (Fig.  3) Now   we’ll  turn  the   “new  button”  layer  off  by  clicking  the  eyeball  icon  next   to  the  layer,  and   work   on  the  damaged   area  underneath.  (We’ll   be   coming   back  to  this   layer   in  just   a  bit,  so   when  I   say  we’re  going   to  turn  the  New   Button   layer  back  on,  this  is   it!)  I’ll  go  over  methods   you   can   use   if   you   have   Photoshop   CS5,   and   ones   you   can   use   with   CS4,   Elements,   or   whatever   program   you   have.   First,   let’s  go   over  the   CS5  version,   using  the   Content   Aware   feature.   Select  a  part  of   the   damaged  area.  This   is  a   large   area,  and  I’ve  found  it  better   to  not  try  to   do  too  big   an  area  with  Content   Aware  Fill.   When  you’ve  made  your  selection,   you  can  bring   up   Fill   by  either   going   to   Edit   >  Fill,   or   using  the   Shift  +   F5  keyboard  shortcut.   Make  sure   that  Content  Aware  is  chosen  in  the  Use  option,  and  select  OK.  (Fig.  4)

(Fig. 4)

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 69


You may  notice  the  0ill  isn’t   perfect.  In   this  case,  a  button   got  in  where  it   shouldn’t   be.  (Fig.   5)

(Fig. 5)

This, or  rough  edges,   or  whatever  may  happen,  is  easy  to  0ix.   Deselect   using  Ctrl  or  Cmd  +D,   and  use  your  Patch  tool  to  select  little  areas  and  drag  them  to  clean  areas  to  clean  up!  (Fig.  6)

(Fig. 6)

70 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Continue to  chip  away  at  the  damaged  spot  using   content  aware.  I  only  went  to  a  place  that   was  close  to  where  the  jacket  and   sleeve  meet.   For   this  area,   we’re  going  to   borrow   again.   Select  an  area  of  an  inner  arm/chest  combo,  as  shown  below.  (Fig.  7)

(Fig. 7)

Put your  selection  on   its   own  layer  (Ctrl  or   Cmd  +  J).  Select   the  Move  Tool   and  move  the   selection  to   the  damaged   area,   placing   it   in   the   correct   general   position.   Use   keyboard   shortcut  Ctrl,  or  Cmd,   T  to   Transform   the   selection,   rotating   and  moving  it   to   its  correct  position.  This,  as   with  most  areas   you’re   compositing,  is  something  you  have   to  gage  with  your   eyes,   taking   into   account   the   surrounding   areas.   Once   you   get  the  selection  placed  where  you   want  it,   stop  and  look   at   it.   Then  look   at   it   some   more.   When  you’re   satis0ied,   select   enter  to  accept.  (Fig.  8)

(Fig. 8)


Use the  eraser   tool  at  20%   opacity  to   blend  the  new   area.  It  may   be   necessary  to  borrow   still  more  information  to  get  the  area  right.   For  instance,  I  borrowed  the  armpit  area,  again,   because  I  lost  some  of  the  detail  when  I  bended  the  area  in.  (Fig.  9)

(Fig. 9)

That Content   Aware   stuff   is   totally   groovy,   and   all,   but   what   if   you’re   using   a   pre-­‐CS5   version  of  Photoshop,  Photoshop  Elements,  or  different  photo   editing  software  altogether?   So,  here’s  what  you  do…

(Fig. 10) Using   the   Lasso   Tool,   make   a   selection,  on  the  smallish  side   –  don’t   try  to   select   the  entire   damaged  area  if  it’s  massive.   (Fig.  10)

72 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Using the   arrow   keys,   move   the   selection   to   a   “clean”   area   to  

(Fig. 11)

borrow from.   Keep  the  Lasso   Tool   active,   please.   If  you  switch   to   the   Move   Tool   to   do   this,   it   will   actually   cut   and   move   the   area.   You   only   want   to   move   the   selection,   the   marching   ants,   themselves,   not   the   selected   area. (Fig.  11) Once   you   have   the   marching   ants   moved   to   the   new   area   you   want   to  select,   put   the   new  selection  on   its  own  layer   using  Ctrl  or  Cmd   +  J.   Now   you  can  change  to   the   Move  

(Fig. 12)

Tool, click   on   the   selection   and   move   it   to   the   damaged   area,   or   use  your  keyboard  arrow   keys.   If   you   do   use   the   arrow   keys,   remember  if  you  also   press  Shift,   the  selection  moves  faster!   Unless   you   have   a   very   small   damaged   area  that   you  selected  all   at  once,   you   may   0ind   you   have   a   lot   less   new   area   than   damaged   space.   You   can   always   keep   repeating   the  steps,  above,  or   you   can  cheat   a   little.   With   the   new   area   layer  

selected, either  go   to   the  Edit   menu  and  select  Free   Transform,   or  use   keyboard   shortcut   Ctrl  (or  CMD  on  a  Mac)  +  T.  Go  to  the  edge  of  the  Transform  box.  When  the  double  arrow,  

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 73


like the  one  in  the  example  image  (Fig.  12),   comes  up,  pull  the  area  out,   to  cover   more  of  the   damaged  area.  Be  careful   not  to  pull  it  so  far  that  you  begin  to  see  distinct   lines  and  areas   that  look  “blown  out”  (Fig.  12  Previous  Page). You  can  also  rotate  the  transformation  if  there’s  a  pattern  or   anything  that   shows  direction   to  make  it  align  more  with  the  surrounding  area,  such  as  creases  or  folds.  (Fig.  13)

(Fig. 13)

(Fig. 14)

Use the   Patch  Tool  to   select   small   areas  around  the   edge   of   the   new   area   and   pull   them   over   to   new   areas  to  blend  the  edges.  (Fig.  14) Keep  repeating   the  whole   process,   if   need   be,   until   the  entire  damaged  area  is  repaired.

74 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Now, back   we  go   to   the   “new   button”   layer  we   hid  earlier.   Click   the  eyeball   icon   again  to   make  it  visible  and  we’ll  blend  it  into  the  rest  of  the  area.  You  can  do  this  either  by  using  the   Eraser  Tool   at  20%  Opacity   and   going  around  the   edges   to   blend   before   you   combine    it   with  the   layer  beneath,   or  you  can  combine  it   now  (Ctrl  or  Cmd  +E)  and  use  the  Patch  Tool   to  blend  the  edges.  (Fig.  15)

(Fig. 15)

I want   to   hide  all  the   “new”  areas   for  a   minute,   and  go   back  to  the   original  image.  Part   of   photo   restoration   is   examination,   or  analysis   of  the  image,   looking   for   things   that   may  be   just   peeking   out   from   the   damaged   areas.   There   looks   like   there   was   something   in   the   original   image  that’s  just   visible.  Since   all   the   other  gentlemen   in  the  photo   (save  one)  are   wearing  ribbons  of  some  sort,  it  wouldn’t  be  out  of  line  to  add  one  here,  also.  (Fig.  16)

(Fig. 16) Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 75


Once again,  we  borrow  the  most  likely  looking  candidate…  (Fig.  17)

(Fig. 17)

…and move  it  to  the  general  area  of  the  repair.  (Fig.  18)

(Fig. 18)

76 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Look again  at  the  pre-­‐repair  area,  taking  note  of  the  direction  and  placement  of  the  remnant   that’s   showing   under   the   damage.   Using   the   Transform   Tool   (Ctrl   or   Cmd   +T)  move  and   rotate  the  replacement  to  the  same  basic  position.  (Fig.  19)

(Fig. 19)

Using the  Eraser  Tool   (20%  Opacity),   go   around  the  edges  of  the  new  area,  lightly,   to  blend.   In  cases  like  this,   combing  the  layer  with  the  one  beneath   and  using  the  Patch  Tool  to  blend   won’t  work;   some  of  the   new   area   covers   a   button.   You  need  to   “uncover”  that   while   you   blend.  (Fig.  20)

(Fig. 20)


Just because  I’m  the   obsessive  type,   I  want  to   make  the  new   ribbon  look  a  little   different,   and  less   like  an  exact  clone  of  another.  Chances  are  most  people  wouldn’t  notice,   but  we’re   not  most  people,   are  we?   To   make  it   look   a  bit  different,   make  a  selection,  using  the   Lasso   Tool,  around  the  ribbon  itself,  under  the  medal.  (Fig.  21)

(Fig. 21)

Now either  use  keyboard  shortcut  Ctrl  or  Cmd  +T,  or  go  to  Select  >  Transform  Selection,  and   grab  the  bottom  handles,  pulling  the  selection  down,  just  a  bit.  (Fig.  22)

(Fig. 22)

78 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


There will   be  some  dark  or  sharp   edges   around  the  areas  you  just  transformed,  so  use  the   Blur  Tool,   set  to  a  fairly  small  size   so  only   the  sharp   edges  are  blurred,  to   blend  the  areas.   I   also   used  the  Patch  Tool  to   make   another  spot  disappear,   to  help  it  look  less  like   a  clone  of   another  ribbon.  (Fig.  23)

(Fig. 23)

Now it  looks  like  a  unique  ribbon  that’s  could  have  been  part  of  the  original  photo!  (Fig.  24)

(Fig. 24)

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 79


er own e h t as n, b is ratio o j o t y s da Re ith’s ch & m r a S se e ne Res who n y Jani y n l a i ry mp anda e d co histo e of L y s anin l a i J b . m n s a xa tio ef a Te clud stora n e i dly r s o ot g ba ice h n v i r p r e th d s resto r wi h an e n c e i r t a s n fit kill olu rese npro her s os as a v o n d e e, a hon hot to escu ed p R g n is a o o t i m o s a s h d mi nP by ratio n whose e aged p m O o a as i t d niza phs such a a s r g e r g c o . oto tan sters ir ph ums a a c s r i p i d e c r ral en rese natu o d f n n a u es e fir s u o h

before

80 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011

on arly l u e g of th ar re r e e p b p sa em lumn sam o a c d s an ne’ Jani l.com e r r i . qu m. team TipS m n.co o y c l . i a a and Lynd at L d e h reac n be a c S he


Don’t let a large area of damage deter you when it comes to photo restoration. Just take it slowly and work in small areas and before you know it, all will be made as new!

after


Ripped From The Headlines Of The Past September 16, 1920 Charles Frederick   Schauwecker  was  a  bookkeeper  in   the  U.S.  Assay   Of0ice  on   Wall  Street  in   New  York  City  in   1920.  He  lived  at  116  Sanford  Street  in  East  Orange,  New   Jersey,  with  his   wife  Edith  and  their  two  young  daughters  Beatrice  and  Margaret.   He   was   the   son   of   Charles   Lewis   Schauwecker,   a   New   York   City   police   of0icer   with,   according   to  the  family,   a  shady  past.     Charles  Lewis  had  been  suspended  from   the  force  for   taking   bribes!*   But   in   spite   of   his   personal   life,   Charles   Lewis   raised   his   son   Charles   Frederick  to  be  a  surprisingly  dedicated  family  man.     It   would   be   a   family   story   like   most   others   were   it   not   for   the   discovery   by   his   Great   Granddaughter   Susan  Bjorklund  of  photographs.  Photographs  of  a  tragic  time   and  place  in   the  history  of  our  country,  September  16,  1920. Don’t  be   surprised  if  the  date  doesn’t   ring  a  bell.  But,  before  this   article  is  0inished  you  will   remember  this  date  and  its  images.  

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 83


All photographs Collection of Susan

CHARLES F. SCHAUWECKER Above: (Center) Opposite: (Left) Bookkeeper U.S. Assay Office Wall St. New York City

84 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Wall Street Explodes On September  16,   1920,   just  as   the  chimes  

from the   J.P.   Morgan   &   Company   Building  

of Trinity   Church   were   tolling   the   noon  

when it   exploded.   It   is   believed   Charles  

hour, a   bomb   planted   on   a   horse-­‐drawn  

Schauwecker was   at   his   post   in  the   Assay  

wagon exploded  into  the  lunchtime  crowd  

Of0ice at   the   time   of   the   explosion,   as   a  

at Wall   and   Broad,   shattering   windows  

billion dollars   in   gold   was   being  

throughout the   0inancial   district,   killing  

transferred from  the  Treasury   Department  

thirty-­‐eight people   and   wounding  

next door  and  he  was  the  bookkeeper.

hundreds more.

After the   explosion     several   men   in   the  

What some  eye  witnesses  called  a  delivery  

Assay of0ice   hurried   to   assist   a   screaming  

wagon was   parked   about   one   and   a   half  

woman who   had  been  hurled  against   their  

feet from   the   curb   in   front   of   the   United  

door. They   stopped   short   when   they  

States Assay   of0ice   and   across   the   street  

realized she  had  no  arms.


The walls  of  the  Assay   Of0ice  and  the  Morgan   Building   showed  scars  where  the   slugs   had   struck.   Window  sills  and  cornices  had  been  chipped  by   the  missiles.  All  the  windows  in  the   Assay  of0ice  were  shattered  and  the  steel  casements   in   which  the  panes  were  set  were  bent   inward.  But  the  damage  was  mainly  to  the  outside  of  the  building. On   Wall   and   Broad’s   northeast   lot,   George   Washington   took   his   oath   of   of0ice,   the   U.S.   Congress  met   for   the  0irst   time,   and   the  Bill   of   Rights   became  law  before  the   government   move  to  Washington,  D.C.  In  1889,  on  the  centennial  of  Washington’s  inauguration,  a  bronze   statute  of  the  President  was  erected.  That   statute  stood  marking  the  Sub-­‐Treasury   building.   Washington  escaped  harm. Men,   women   and  children   lay   bleeding  or  dead  on   the  pavement  directly  outside  the  Assay   Of0ice   door.   The   victims   were   chance   by-­‐passers,   men   and  women   of  the   more   ordinary   walks  of  life,  whose  business,  pleasure  or  fate  had  called  them  at  that  hour  to  that  spot.   Not  a   single   pane  of  glass  remained  in  the  Morgan  Building.  Fragments   of  the   glass   dome   above   the   main   of0ice   lay   on   the   0loor.   One   of   the   falling   panes   was   believed   to   be   responsible  for  the  single  death  that  occurred  there. William   Joyce,   of   the   securities   department   of  J.P.   Morgan   was   killed.   He   was   the   son   of   Thomas   W.  Joyce,  a  thirty  year   employee  of  the  company  who  was  also  badly  hurt.  Junius  S.  

86 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


See Map Opposite Page

Above: Demolished Touring Car In front of J. P. Morgan & Co. Below: Wreck of Wagon & Dead Horse in front of Assay Office

See Map Opposite Page


Morgan, one   of   the  partners   was   cut   on   the  hand,   treated,   and   released.   In  all,   seventeen   employees  of  the  company  were  transported  to  the  Hospital. None  of  the  lists  of  injured  contained  the  name  Charles  F.  Schauwecker.  None  of   the  lists  of   dead  indicated   anyone  from  the   Assay  Of0ice.   Could  the  employees  of  the  Assay  Of0ice   have   been  so  fortunate? Perhaps  not.  An  indication  that  scores  were  hurt  of  whom  no  record  was  kept  was  credited   to   the   medical   staff   of   the   Reserve   Bank   in   the   Equitable   Building.   Five   nurses   and   two   doctors   on   duty   on   the   fourth   0loor   dressed   the   wounds   of   more   than   thirty   men   and   women   who   had   been   cut   by   broken   window   glass,   the   same   damage   sustained   by   the   Assay  of0ice.  The  wounded  were  mostly   clerks   and  stenographers  who   had  run  out  of   their   buildings  into  the  street.  No  record  of  the  names  was  kept. Acting   on   emergency   orders,   0ifty   United   States   soldiers   -­‐   Company   M,   22nd   Infantry   stationed  at  Fort   Jay,   Governor's  Island,  where  the   explosion  was   heard,  were  at  Broad  and   Wall   streets   within   forty   minutes   of   the   explosion.   Within   another   twenty   minutes   0ifty   more   men   arrived.   They   cleared   the   streets   and   set   about   protecting   the   Sub-­‐Treasury   where  the  transfer  of  a  billion  dollars  had  been  taking  place. In  conjunction  with   the  rescue   and  recovery  was   the  investigation.   The   "Great   Detective"   William  J.  Burns  of   the  Burns  Detective  Agency  employed   by  J.P.   Morgan  worked  the  scene.   He   announced   to   reporters   that   the   explosion   unquestionably   had   been   deliberately   planned,   and  that   warnings   that   radicals   were   about   to   initiate   a   new   siege   of   terror   had   been  sent  out  to  his  clients  several  days  before  the  explosion. The   theory   was   that   the   horse   and   wagon   were   driven   to   the   curb   at   the   dividing   line   between   the   Assay   Of0ice,   where   $900,000,000   in   gold   bullion   was   stored,   and   the   Sub-­‐ Treasury,  whose  vaults  held   more   than  $1,000,000  and  directly  across   from  the  $4,000,000   Morgan  structure.   The   driver   then  abandoned  the  horse  and   wagon   which  contained  the   explosives  which  were  then  triggered  by  an  alarm  clock. Who  was  responsible?  

88 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


The Dead & Injured

Below: The  body  of  William  Joyce   being  removed  from  the  Morgan   Building.


Collection of Susan Bjorklund


Of0icials began  the  gruesome  collection   of  torn,  blood-­‐soaked,  partially  burned   clothing,  shoes,  and  hats.   Initials  from  hats  were  put  on  record   for  relatives  of  missing  persons.


Those Who Lost Their Lives Joseph Arambarry,  29,  clerk Margaret  Helen  Bishop,  21  secretary Carolyn  M.  Dickinson,  43,  stenographer John  A.  Donohue,  38,  accountant Margaret  A.  Drury,  29,  stenographer Reginald  Elsworthy,  23,  clerk Worth  Bagley  Ellsworth,  20,  student Bartholomew  Flannery,  19,  messanger Harold  I.  Gillis,  27,  salesman Charles  A.  Hanrahan,  17,  messanger Amelia  Newton  Huger,  23,  Clerk William  F.  Hutchinson,  43,  insurance  clerk John  Johnson,  58,  porter William  A.  Joyce,  29,  clerk Elmer  Kehrer,  21,  chauffeur Bernard  J.  Kennedy,  30,  clerk Alexander  Leith,  64,  of0ice  assistant Charles  A.  Lindroth,  25,  bookkeeper Alfred  G.  Mayer,  23,  clerk Colin  Barr  McClure,  24,  banker Jerome  H.  McKean,  33,  broker Franklin  G.  Miller,  21,  salesman Charles  Neville,  42,  accountant 92 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011

Thomas Montgomery  Osprey,  24,  clerk Theodore  Peck,  36,  bond  salesman William  Ernst  Peterson,  29,  clerk Alfred  G.  Phipps,  28,  broker Ludolph  F.  Portong,  29,  teller Joseph  Schmitt,  30,  clerk Lewis  K.  Smith,  34,  bond  salesman Benjamin  Soloway,  16,  messenger Francis  B.  Stoba,  34,  bank  employee Edwin  Sweet,  67,  banker  (retired) Irving  Tannenwald,  38,  grocery  clerk John  Weir,  27,  salesman Robert  Westbay,  16,  messenger William  West  White,  63,  promoter   Mildred  Zylander,  27,  stenographer Beverly Gage, The Day Wall Street Exploded: A Story of America in its First Age of Terror. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009; pp. 160-161. This list does not agree with the first newspaper reports. The newspaper reports may have inaccuracies.


Collection of Susan Bjorklund

The Damage

The pock   marks   and   damage   seen   on   the   entrance   to  the   Assay  Of0ice  (above)  were  caused   by   hundreds  of   jagged   metal  slugs  that  had   been   packed  in  the  explosive  as  shrapnel.  (Right)

ss ngre

Co y of

ood erw d n od/U

ar Libr

o erw

Und

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 93


George Washington was unharmed.


The Schulte   cigar   store   (above)   at   34   Wall   Street   was   almost   completely   wrecked.   The   entire   front   was   blown   in,  the   counters   smashed  and  the  walls   undermined.   Employees   ran   from   the   store   to   help   the   injured   by   cutting   burning  clothing  from  their  bodies. The   cigar   0irm   of   H.   Stearns   &   Co.   (right),  in  the  Mills  Building  was  a  total   loss.

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 95


The Investigation

Left: Chemists  at  the  City   Laboratories  examine  metal   fragments  from  the  explosion.

96 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Police and soldiers control crowds


In the  beginning  it  wasn't  obvious  whether  the  explosion  was   an  accident  or  an  intentional   act  of  terrorism.   "Crews  cleaned   the  damage  up   overnight,   including   physical  evidence  that   today  would  be  crucial   to  identifying  the   perpetrator.  By  the   next  morning  Wall   Street  was   back   in   business—broken   windows   draped   in   canvass,   workers   in   bandages,   but   functioning  none-­‐the-­‐less. Conspiracy  theories  abounded,   but  the  New   York  Police  and  Fire   Departments,   the  Bureau   of  Investigation,   and  the  U.S.  Secret  Service  were  on  the  job.  Each  avidly  pursued  leads.  The   Bureau  interviewed   hundreds  of  people  who  had  been   around  the  area  before,   during,  and   after   the   attack,   but   developed   little   information   of   value.   The   few   recollections   of   the   driver  and  wagon  were  vague  and  virtually  useless.  The  NYPD  was  able   to   reconstruct  the   bomb   and   its   fuse   mechanism,   but   there   was   much   debate   about   the   nature   of   the   explosive,  and  all  the  potential  components  were  commonly  available. Based   on   bomb   attacks   over   the   previous   decade,   the   Federal   Bureau   of   Investigation   initially   suspected  followers  of  the  Italian  Anarchist  Luigi   Galleani.   But   the  case   couldn't  be   proved,  and  the   anarchist   had  0led   the  country.  Over  the  next  three  years,  hot   leads   turned   cold   and   promising   trails   turned   into   dead   ends.   In   the   end,   the   bombers   were   not   identi0ied.   The   best   evidence   and  analysis   since   that   fateful   day   of   September   16,   1920,   suggests   that   the   Bureau's   initial   thought   was   correct—that   a   small   group   of   Italian   Anarchists  were  to  blame.   But   the  mystery   remains."   FBI.gov  -­  “A  Byte  Out  Of  History   -­‐   Wall   Street  Bombing.”

Thank you   to   Susan   Bjorklund  and  her   family  for  allowing   Shades  to   use   the   press  quality  photographs  of   the   Wall  Street   Bombing   found   in  her  Great  Grandfather  Charles  L.  Schauwecker’s  possessions. Susan  can  be  found  blogging  about  her  life  and  family  history  at   Pinstripe.  

98 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Saved By The Research In the  course  of  researching  the  Wall  Street  Bombing  of  September   16,  1920,  I  also  bumped   into   Susan  Bjorklund‘s   Great   Grandfather   Charles   L.   Schauwecker   in   the  pages   of   history.   The   family  knew   that   he  had   been   suspended   from   the   New   York   Police   Department   for   taking  bribes.  I  was  very  pleased  to  send  them  and  you  the  complete  story. Every  family  historian  knows  things  aren’t  always  as  they  seem.

*Schauwecker Name  Restored.   Case   of   Charles   L.   Schauwecker.—The   Appellate   Division   on   July   13,   1903,   ordered   the   reinstatement  of  Charles  L.  Schauwecker   as  sergeant  in  the  police  department.  Schauwecker   had   been  removed  by  Commissioner  Greene   on   the   charge   that  he   had  accepted  gifts  from   among   the   pupils   of   the   instruction   school,   of   which   he   had   charge.   He   was   tried   before   Deputy  Commissioner   Davis,   before   whom   he   refused   to   answer   certain   questions.   Davis   charged  him  with  insubordination  and  he  was  tried  before  Deputy  Commissioner  Piper,  who   found   him   guilty.  He   was   again  tried   before   Piper  on   the   original  charges,   found   guilty  and   dismissed.   Judge   O'Brien   Cinds   that  there   was  no   evidence   to  support   the   charges  either   of   misconduct   or   insubordination   and   states   that   the   manner   in   which   Schauwecker   was   treated   between   Davis   and   Piper   "does   not   tend   to   promote   the   spirit   of   fairness   and   impartiality  that  should  characterize  a  court  room." National  Civil  Service  Reform  League  (U.S.).  Good  Government.  National  Civil  Service  League.   Washington  :  National  Civil  Service  League.  1903.

Charles L.   was   in   charge   of   the   New   York   Police   Department’s   School   of   Instruction.   The   bribe?  Each  of   the   students  under  his   command   gave  a   $1  for  a   present  for  his  wife.   It   was   apparently   a   time   honored   custom,   but   the   Department   had   new  people   in   command   and   they  were  cleaning  house.

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 99


i

Ancestor

research on the road A LOOK AT SOME iPAD RESEARCH TOOLS BY DENISE BARRETT OLSON

Where was   the   iPad   when   I   spent   most   of   my   working   life   on   the   road?   No,   it   doesn’t   replace  a  desktop   computer,  but  for  most  of  the  things  I  want  to   do  while  I’m  traveling,  the   iPad   is   there   for   me.   Thanks   to   its   light   weight   and   long   battery   life,   I’m   also   0inding   it   especially   handy  on  research  expeditions   near  and  far.  Here’s   my  research  road  kit  and  how   I  use  it.

A view in the Ancestry app.

100 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


HARDWARE I found   a   nice   Belkin   DVD   bag   [LINK]   on   sale   a   while   back.   Because   it   wasn’t   an   “iPad”   accessory,  it   would  have  been  a  bargain  even  if  it  wasn’t  on  sale.  And,  since   it  was  designed   to   carry  a  portable  DVD  player  and  assorted  paraphernalia,  it  has  room  not  only  for   my  iPad   but   most   of   the   stuff   I   use   with   it.   In   it   is   my   power   plug,   camera   connection   kit,   USB   headset  and  ear  plugs  along  with  my  camera’s   battery  charger  and  extra  SD  memory.  I   have   a  cover  for  my  iPad  that  folds  backward  to   serve  as  a  stand.  It’s   fairly  thin  so  I  can  stash  the  

A note page from theNotebooks app.

iPad in  the  bag,  cover  and  all.

I keep  a  DC  charger   kit  in  my  car.  We  use  it  mostly  to  listen  to  audio  books  on  the   iPod  while   we’re  driving,   but   it  comes  in   handy   for  recharging  phones  and  iPads  if  necessary.  I  pack   a   travel  plug  strip  -­‐   also  from  Belkin  -­‐  in  my  suitcase.   It  has  three  outlets  and  two  USB  ports   which   come  in  quite  handy   for   recharging  phones,  iPads   and  cameras  when  hotel  electrical   outlets  are  in  short  supply.   Although  I  don’t  own  one  [yet],   a  FlipPal   scanner  with  extra  SD  cards  and   batteries   will  be   an  important  addition  to  the  kit  in  the  future.

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 101


SOFTWARE The Notebooks   app   is   quickly   becoming   my   most   useful   research   tool.   It   holds   sources,   research  logs,  photos,   scanned  documents,  links  and  notes   all   in  one  handy  package.  I’ve  got   the  Notebooks  bookmarklet  set  up  in  the   iPad’s  Mobile  Safari  browser   so  I  can  capture  just   about  anything  I  0ind  online.   Because  of  the  limited  memory  on  my  iPad,   I’ll  want   to   get  my   photos  [or   scans  once  I’ve  got  

Export options on Photogene.

a FlipPal]   moved   to   an   online   location   for   safe-­‐keeping   until   I   get   home.   I   can   use   FlickStackr  or   Dropbox  to  upload  to   their  respective  services.  Photogene  serves  my   photo-­‐ editing   needs   quite   nicely   and   has   tools   for   sending   images   to   any   number   of   online   services  and  networks.   Of  course  I  have  the  Diigo  app  to   keep  all  my  research  links  organized   and  easily   available.   Google   Maps  -­‐  which  comes  pre-­‐installed   on  the  iPad  -­‐   is  great  for  providing   directions  and   0inding  local  resources.   You  can  use   the  search  feature  to   0ind   nearby  libraries   or   the  local   historical   society.   I   keep   online   passwords   and   important   account   information   securely   tucked  away   in  the  1Password   app.   I  use  it  to  access   sites  requiring  login  while  on  the  road     -­‐  especially  when  using  public  wi0i  -­‐  to  reduce  the  chance  of  cyber  theft.  

102 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


You know  I’m   going  to  be  blogging  while  I’m  on  the  road  so  I  have  BlogPress   and  WordPress   to   help  me  there.   Both  offer  of0line  writing  so  I   can  write  even  when  I’m   not  connected.  This   can  help  pass  the  time  on  a  long  0light   -­‐  and  possibly  have  something   productive  to   show  for   it.   There   are  a  number   of   handy  apps  for  audio  recording   should  an  opportunity   to  capture  an   interview   or   good  story   present  itself.   I  use  Sound  Note   because  it  lets  me  take  text   notes   while   it’s   recording   the  audio   and  keeps   both   in  sync.   I’ve   found   this   app   is   quite   handy   when  interviewing  relatives  because  it  doesn’t   seem  as  intimidating  as   a  recording  device.   When  used  in  quiet  locations  the  audio   quality  is  quite  acceptable.   iPad  2   users  can  use  the   Garage  Band  app  with  an  external  microphone  to  capture  high-­‐quality  interviews.   I   personally   don’t   carry   my   genealogy   database   on   my   iPad.   Most   of   what   I   need   is   in   Notebooks   and   I   do   have   the   Ancestry   app   giving   me   access   to   my   online   trees   there.     WeRelate   is   quickly   becoming  my   preferred  research  work   space  and  it’s  easily  accessible   from   the  iPad.   There  are   a  growing  number  of  genealogy  databases   offering  an  iOS  version   including  Reunion,   MacFamilyTree  and  Legacy  Family  Tree.    In  addition,  you’ll   0ind  several   nice   GEDCOM   viewer   apps   if   all   you  want   is   a   copy  of   your   database   for   reference  while   you’re  researching.  

SERVICES Dropbox and  Flickr  are  indispensable  services  at  all  times,   but  especially  on   the  road.   I   can   have  0iles  and   photos   readily  available  whenever  I   need  them  and  they  provide  a   safe  haven   for  the  photos  and  information  I  collect  on  my  trip.  I  have  a  Dropbox  eLibrary  folder  where  I   keep  a   digital   version  of  Elizabeth   Shown  Mills’   Evidence   Explained,  any   reference  material   relevant  to   the   trip  and   some  pleasure  reading.   My  Notebooks   app  also  synchs   to  Dropbox   so  that  information  is  protected  in  case  of  disaster.   We  each  have  our  own  research  style  and  techniques  and  fortunately   there  are  thousands  of   apps  addressing  those  needs.  These  suggestions  will   give  you  an  idea  of  the   many  different   ways   the   iPad   can   support   your   efforts.   You’ll   quickly   0ind   it’s   an   impressive   research   assistant.  Good  hunting!

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 103


Importing an image to the iPad using Dropbox.

A WeRelate family page as viewed on the iPad.

104 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Image courtesy of footnoteMaven


IN2GENEALOGY

so what do you do for a living? RESEARCHING OLD OCCUPATIONS BY CAROLINE POINTER

He took  out  his  handkerchief  and  wiped  the  sweat  from  his  brow.    Then  brought  it  to  his  nose   and  inhaled. Lavender.    Genevieve. He  couldn’t  wait  to  get  home  to  her.    Did  she  miss  him  like  he  missed  her?    And  what  about  the   girls?    He  couldn’t  wait  to  see  how  big  Ellen  and  Clayriece  had  grown.    Would  they  recognize   him? As  the  train  rocked  back  and  forth,  Claiborne  thought  about  this  job  that  he’d  chosen.    Or  had   it  chosen  him?    Sure.  He’d  done  well  for  himself,  working  his  way  up  to  Chief  Messenger  for   American  Railway  Express.    He’d  provided  well  for  his  family,  but  he  sure  missed  them  a  whole   lot. Not  only  was  it  getting  harder  and  harder  to  leave  them  each  time,  but  this  job  was  getting   more  and  more  dangerous.    Just  last  week,  a  train  was  held-­up  by  gunpoint,  and  a  messenger   was  shot  in  cold  blood  leaving  a  young  widow  and  baby  girl  behind. But  what  else  could  he  do?    This  was  all  he’d  ever  done.    Going  back  home  to  Port  Lavaca  was   not  an  option.    No  way  was  he  going  back  there  just  so  Père  could  tell  him,  “I  told  you  so.”  He   also  didn’t  want  to  move  Genevieve  and  the  girls  from  San  Antonio.    Not  when  Genevieve  just   lost  her  mother,  Annie,  two  short  years  ago. Annie.  Claiborne  snorted. 106 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


He missed  Annie.    She’d  deEinitely  been  a  character  with  her  Irish  brogue  and  tin  cup  full  of   Irish  whiskey.  He  even  missed  buttin’  heads  with  her.  Annie  liked  to  call  it  being  a  “managing   woman.” Claiborne  called  it  stubborn.    As  a  mule. “Non,”  he  couldn’t  take  Genevieve  away  from  her  sisters.    But  he  deEinitely  was  going  to  have   to  Eind  something  else  to  do  for  a  living. Something  that  would  allow  him  to  be  home  for  dinner  every  night  with  Genevieve  and  the   girls.    Something  where  his  life  wasn’t  in  danger  every  time  he  went  to  work.      

My great-­‐grandmother’s   sister,   Genevieve   Lennon   Vaughan,   was   married   to   Claiborne   Leander  Bouquet,  and  I  have  been  fascinated  with  his   occupation  ever   since  I  discovered  it.     It   took   me   a   little   while   to   0igure   out   what   exactly   a   messenger   was   on   the   railway.     In   America,  the   occupation  goes  back  to   the  age  of  stagecoaches.    A  railway  messenger  would   ride  alongside  a   teamster  (or   driver,  the  man  driving  the  horses  and/or  mules),  and  was  the   security   for   shipments   (gold,   silver,   money,   etc.)     Of  course,   the   messengers   were   armed,  

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 107


giving birth   to   the   term   “riding   shotgun.”     Then   with   the   advent   of   the   railways,   the   occupation  naturally  carried  over. Claiborne,   the   grandson  of  a  French  immigrant,  had  started   out  as   a   driver   for  an   express   wagon   in   1910.     Then   he   had   been   a   railway   messenger   for   American   Railway   Express,   which   was   a   company  created   in   1918  in  response   to   the   government   shutting  down  the   railway   express   monopolies,   of   which   American   Express   had   been   the   majority.     Additionally,  he  worked  for  Wells  Fargo  for   a  while,  and  he  was  also   a  messenger  over  some   shipments  going  into  Mexico. As   mentioned   previously,   it  was   not  exactly   easy   to   0ind  what   a  messenger   was   and  what   their  job  entailed.     With  creative  Googling   I  was   led  to   various  websites  and   Google  Books   where  I  was  able  to  0ind  the  answers  I  had  been  looking  for. Learning  more  about   your   ancestor’s   occupation  can  give   you  a  better  sense  of  who   they   were   and  can  lead  to   more  documents   that   might   have   even  more   information  on   them.     However,   your   search   for   your   ancestor’s   occupation   should   not   be   hard.   Following   are   links  to  various  websites  online  that  have   listings  and  de0initions  of  old   occupations.     At  the   end  are  some  suggestions  for  when  the  occupation  that  you  are  looking  for  is  not  listed,  and   you  are  left  to  just  Google.

WHERE TO LOOK FOR OLD OCCUPATIONS FamilyResearcher.co.uk [    LINK    ] The  Olive  Tree  Genealogy’s  Obsolete  Occupations  [  LINK  ] Occupations  from  Yesteryear  by  Jan  Cortez  [  LINK  ] USGenWeb.org’s  Occupation  Chart  [    LINK  ] Occupations  in  Australia  [  LINK    ] Old  Occupations  and  Trade  Names  and  What  They  Mean  [LINK  ] Victorian  Occupations  transcribed  from  London’s  1891  census  [    LINK  ] Old  Names  for  Occupations  from  FamilyTreeMagazine.com  [LINK  ] Old  Occupations  [  LINK  ] Old  Occupations  [LINK  ] Old  Occupations  in  Scotland  [LINK  ] Old  Occupations  by  Dan  Burrows  [LINK  ] Old  English  Census  Occupations  [    LINK  ] Glossary  of  Old  Occupations  [    LINK  ]

108 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Cyndi’s List  of  Old  Occupation  Resources  [  LINK  ]

WHEN ALL YOU HAVE IS GOOGLE

As   mentioned  previously,   I  was  not   able  to  0ind  Claiborne’s   occupation,  railway  messenger,   on   any  old  occupation  lists.     The   closest  occupation  that  I  found  was  a  messenger,  a  person   who   carried  messages.    So,   then  I  Googled  [  LINK  ]   “railway  messenger,”  and  this   was   not   very  helpful   either.     So  then   I  looked   up  his  employers  that  I  had  found  (American  Railway   Express  and  Wells   Fargo),  and  this   is  how   I  was  able  to  0ind  a  more  helpful  explanation  for   h i s   o c c u p a t i o n ,  

especially on  Wells   Fargo’s  

History site.    Along  

with an   explanation  of  the  

occupation, which  

they termed   “shotgun  

messenger,” Wells  

Fargo’s website   indicated  

t h a t Wya t t   a n d  

Morgan Earp   were   both  

m e s s e n g e r s i n  

To m b s t o n e , A r i z o n a ,  

which was   very  

helpful in   understanding  

C l a i b o r n e ’ s

occupation.   Therefore,   if  

a n e m p l oye r   i s  

listed for  your  ancestor  on  

c e n s u s re c o rd s ,  

passport applications,  

World War   I   Draft   Registration   Cards,   World   War   II   Draft   Registration   Cards,   border   crossings,  city  directories,  passenger  lists,   etc.,   then  don’t  forget  to  research  the  employer’s   history. Another   good  place  to  look  is  in  Google  Books  [  LINK  ].    When  I  searched  this  database  and   library  of   books   for   “railway  messenger”  and   “railway   shotgun  messenger”,   I  found  many   books   on   the  subject,   including   some   that   I  was   able  to   read  online.     I   also   searched   for   “Wells   Fargo   history”   and   “American  Railway  Express  history”,   and   was   able  to   0ind  many   resources  for  the  history  of  the  companies  and  the  occupation.

TWO OTHER PLACES GOOD TO LOOK FOR OLD OCCUPATIONS: Heritage Quest   [   LINK   ]   book   database   which   is   accessible   online   with   a   library   card   through  your  local  participating  library.

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 109


Worldcat.org [   LINK   ]   –   an   online   “card”   catalog   that   includes   library   collections   from   around  the  world.  Their  site  lists  if  a  particular  book  is  located  near  you  and  how  close   it  is   to  you.    They  even  have  an  app  for  smart  phones,  so  it’s  accessible  everywhere  you  go. Finally,   looking   up   your   ancestors’   occupations   can   be   fun,   but   it’s   also   helpful   in   understanding  a  little  more   about  who  they   were,  what  their  lives   may   have  been  like,  and   their  place  in  history.    You  just  have  to  take  the  time  to  look.   Further,   there   is   no   doubt   that   Claiborne’s   occupation   had   been   dangerous,   and   I   don’t   know   for  sure   what  kind   of  relationship  Genevieve  and  he  had  early  on  in  their  marriage.     Additionally,   he   and  Genevieve   did  divorce   later,   but  I  don’t   know  how   much  his  choice   in   occupations   played  in  the  demise  of   their  marriage,   if  at  all.  At  some   point,   he   moved  back   home  to   Port   Lavaca,  remarried,  and  at  the  time   of  his  death  in  1957,  had  been  a  constable.     What  I   do  know   is  that  a  railway  shotgun  messenger  was   a  big  part  of  American  history  and   the   expansion  of  the  West,   and  Claiborne’s  choice   in  this  occupation  left  a   very  nice  paper   trail  that  zigzags  throughout  Texas  and  northern  Mexico.

SOURCES:

“1900 United  States  Federal  Census.”  Database  and  images.  Ancestry.com.  http:// search.ancestry.com/iexec?htx=View&r=an&dbid=7602&iid=004111992_00796&fn=Cleburn&ln= Bouquet&st=r&ssrc=&pid=43124307  :  2009.   “1910  United  States  Federal  Census.”  Database  and  images.  Ancestry.com.  http:// search.ancestry.com/iexec?htx=View&r=an&dbid=7884&iid=4449977_00597&fn=C +L&ln=Bougnet&st=r&ssrc=&pid=27699003  :  2009.   “1920  United  States  Federal  Census.”  Database  and  images.  Ancestry.com.  http:// search.ancestry.com/iexec?htx=View&r=an&dbid=6061&iid=4390950_01084&fn=Cleburn +L&ln=Bouquet&st=r&ssrc=&pid=105659279  :  2009.   “1930  United  States  Federal  Census.”  Database  and  images.  Ancestry.com.  http:// search.ancestry.com/iexec?htx=View&r=an&dbid=6224&iid=TXT626_2297-­‐ 0103&fn=Claybourne&ln=Bouquet&st=r&ssrc=&pid=65643786  :  2009.   “American  Express.”  Online  encyclopedia.  Wikipedia:  The  Free  Encyclopedia.  http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Express  :  2009.   Benedict,  Bertram.  A  History  of  the  Great  War,  Volume  1.  1919.  Digital  Images.  Bureau  of  National   Literature.  http://books.google.com/books?id=0FgLAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA369&dq=American+Railway +Express+history&hl=en&ei=bEOnTd3YFomE0QGvur35CA&sa=X&oi=book_

110 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


A sad  commentary  on  the   dangerous  nature  of  the  job  of   railway  workers  is  this   advertisement  for  artiCicial   limbs  appearing  in  many   railway  magazines.

Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 111


result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false  :  2011.   “Border  Crossings:  From  Mexico  to  U.S.,  1895-­‐1957.”  Database  and  images.  Ancestry.com.  http:// search.ancestry.com/iexec?htx=View&r=an&dbid=1082&iid=A3379_7-­‐5430&fn=C +L&ln=Bouquet&st=r&ssrc=pt_t1884615_p-­‐764099558_kpidz0q3d-­‐764099558z0q26pgz0q3d327 68z0q26pgPLz0q3dpid&pid=2479058  :  2009.   “Texas  Deaths  1890-­‐1976.”  Database  and  digital  images.  FamilySearch.org.  https:// www.familysearch.org/search/image/show#uri=https%3A%2F%2Fapi.familysearch.org %2Frecords%2Fpal%3A%2FMM9.1.i%2Fdgs%3A004163648.004163648_01061  :  2011.   “U.S.  Passport  Applications,  1795-­‐1925.”  Database  and  images.  Ancestry.com.  http:// search.ancestry.com/iexec?htx=View&r=an&dbid=1174&iid=USM1490_1401-­‐0206&fn=Caiborne +Leander&ln=Bouquet&st=r&ssrc=pt_t1884615_p-­‐764099558_kpidz0q3d-­‐764099558z0q26pgz0q 3d32768z0q26pgPLz0q3dpid&pid=385657    :  2009.   Wells  Fargo  Bank.  Wells  Fargo  History.  Website.  http://www.wellsfargohistory.com/history/ history_brief.htm  :  2009.   “World  War  I  Draft  Registration  Cards,  1917-­‐1918.”  Database  and  images.  Ancestry.com.  http:// search.ancestry.com/iexec?htx=View&r=an&dbid=6482&iid=TX-­‐1983589-­‐2864&fn=Claiborne +Leander&ln=Bouquet&st=r&ssrc=&pid=19486528    :  2009.

112 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Shades MAGAZINE | www.shadesofthedeparted.com 113


Contribute To Shades ANCESTOR ARTIFACTS Great-Aunt Agatha’s treasures got you down? Are you confused about how to undo past preservation mistakes and best save your family heirlooms for the next generation? From photos stuck with hardened glue to funny-smelling movie film, from crocheted lace to crumbling newspapers, family historians are faced with a myriad of preservation problems. Caring for family treasures is a great responsibility, but it’s not hard when you are armed with Ancestor ArtiFacts. Shades of the Departed is delighted to announce a new column dedicated to helping you find answers for tough questions. Denise Levenick is our resident expert, but if she doesn’t know the answer, she’ll find an expert who does! Send your preservation, archiving, and restoration questions to ancestorartifacts@gmail.com. Include your question, name, email, and the URL of your blog or web site if you have one. See below for submitting photographs. CAPTURED MOMENTS Do you have a beautiful digital heritage scrapbooking layout or artwork you'd like to share. Submit it to Captured Moments at Shades. We would like to feature the very best digital artwork from readers' submissions. You're the one who Captured The Moment. Show and Tell. Submissions are to be emailed to footnoteMaven@comcast.net with the words Captured Moments in the subject line. Please submit a brief paragraph telling us about your design, who is featured and why you were inspired. Include your name, email, and the URL of your blog or web site if you have one. This is not a how-to, but we would like to know the software photo editing program and products you used. Credit the commercial backgrounds, elements, brushes, frames, layouts, etc. you used; or yourself if they were your own creation. Also submit a high resolution image of your work. See below for submitting photographs.

114 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


FEATURED ARTICLES Shades is always on the lookout for feature articles. Do you have an idea as it relates to old photographs? If so, we would love to hear from you. We are looking for authors for feature themed articles. Send your idea to footnoteMaven@comcast.net with the words "Shades Feature Article" in the subject line. Include your name, email, the url of your blog or website, and a short synopsis of your idea. Article length is flexible. Shades would also like a short bio of 50 words or less and a photograph of the author if your idea is selected. This will appear as “About the Author� at the end of each article. And don't forget, Shades is about old photographs. We encourage you to submit several for the article. Upcoming Shades issues will feature old photographs as they relate to Back To School (due by 1 August) and Toys (due by 1 October). See below for submitting photographs. SUBMITTING PHOTOGRAPHS When submitting photographs and digital artwork for publishing in Shades we ask that the image be 300 dpi and at least 8 inches wide for the scrapbooking layouts and digital art. Please send the image as a JPG or TIFF file. Please send the files via a free file transfer site such as yousendit.com or 4shared.com. Both have a free membership, require registration, and have limitations on file sizes. If you use yousendit.com, please register for the Lite account. Log in, choose Send File, browse your computer for the correct file, and attach. Yousendit will provide a secure link to your file. Cut and paste the link into your email, along with any other information that has been requested. (See categories above.)

We hope to see you in the pages of Shades The Magazine.

115 Shades MAGAZINE | Occupations 2011


Shades & School Days Next Issue

On Digital News Stands School Days & Photographs September/October 2011


THE LAST PICTURE SHOW

George H. Hedley Photographers in The New York Public Library’s Photography Collection Lists George H. Hedley (American, active 1880s) 1886 Photo Gallery Listed 1887 Photo Gallery Listed 1897 Photograph Listed in the Underhill Society 1905? Moved to Buffalo to go into Real Estate Business Became A Bankrupt

George H. Hedley and his wife were very well-known naturalists and taxidermy artists; then photographers later in their careers. He was after all, an artist and a taxidermist. In 1888 it came to the attention of The Smithsonian Institute that the North American Buffalo was becoming extinct. A hunting party was sent into the field to find wild buffalo, if any were still living, and in case any were found to collect a number of specimens. It was resolved to collect between eighty and one hundred specimens of various kinds, twenty to thirty skins, an equal number of complete skeletons, and at least fifty skulls. On May 6, Mr. William Hornaday, the Chief Taxidermist of the National Museum, accompanied by A. H. Forney, assistant in the department of taxidermy, and George H. Hedley were sent to explore for buffalo in Montana. The result was a huge group of six choice specimens of both sexes and all ages, mounted with natural surroundings, and displayed in a superb mahogany case. June 24, 1886 the Medina, NY Tribune reported that Hedley brought home some views of the country, camp, life, etc. from his recent buffalo hunt in Montana which he showed at his photography gallery.

Shades Magazine July/August Occupational Photographs Issue  

Shades Of The Departed is a digital magazine for those with a fascination for old photographs.

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you