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Scott A Lawson

SEAT Survey Your body

Design Portfolio Blahh

in Place Architecture Department Edinburgh university Year 2 - Semester 1

1 Edinburgh University/ InPlace (ARCH08006)

Edinburgh University/ InPlace (ARCH08006) Scott A Lawson (0824455)


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Scott A Lawson

InPlace Chair Museum

SEAT

Survey Your Body

Design A Place to Sit

ROOM

MUSEUM

Survey a Site

Initial Research Further Research

Development Final Design

History 1 History 2

Design a Room to Sit on Site

Final Design

Design a Museum of Chairs

The Chairs Partii Key Themes South Elevation/Short Section West Elevation/Long Section Basement Plan Entrance Lobby/Cafe/Shop Plan Gallery 1 Plan Gallery 2 Plan External Context Render

Skills

Photo Cut

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Scott A Lawson

SEAT Survey Your body

Survey Your body Blahh

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Scott A Lawson

SEAT Survey Your body

We took a series of time separated photos looking at the different positions of the human body and its elements when sitting or squatting. Squatting was chosen as it is the natural position of rest for the human body. We found that the Achilles heel is shortened in those who are used to sitting, and so can no longer squat properly over extended periods of time.

Squat!

Squatting Position 10s Interval Photographic study.

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Seated Front Elevation

Seated Side Elevation

Leg Sketch showing tendons (- -) and Bones.

Edinburgh University/ InPlace (ARCH08006)


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SEAT Survey Your body

Scott A Lawson

SEAT

Survey Your body - Further Research

We also a constructed a wooden model at 1:1 focussing on the tension and compression members of the legs. The wooden frame acts asBlahh compression members (bones) and the springs as tension members (tendons). The springs in the right leg were kept more tense, representing the shortened Achilles tendon in people who struggle to squat. From this it was easy to clearly identify the problems that this causes, as the model much like people with this problem failed to squat compared to the less tense left leg or those who can squat.

Leg model showing the legs different positions when squatting.

Squatting in the animal kingdom exists, with our closest ancestors squatting all the time. When you compare both the health of them or people who still use squatting today we find that a lot of medical complications are avoided. Examples include colon cancer, hemorrhoids and varicose veins.

Leg model showing the legs different positions when squatting (Side View).

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People Squatting in the Sinai Desert, where sitting rarely exists as a position of rest. Edinburgh University/ InPlace (ARCH08006)5


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Scott A Lawson

Design a Place to Sit SEAT Survey Your body

Blahh

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Edinburgh University/ InPlace (ARCH08006)


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SEAT Survey Your body

Scott A Lawson

SEAT

Design a Place to Sit - Development

Initial Design ideas looked at the idea of a chair which forced you to recover the stretching of the Achilles heel giving the users greater flexibility. Blahh

Sketch Design 2: Mechanical Chair which forces you to move between the natural positions of lying down and squatting

These themes were then further resolved into a chair which would trick its user into squatting. Looking at first like a normal chair, the user would sit on it just like any other chair, but once they sat down they’d realize that the bottom rotates down whilst the back support bends to a more concave form to push the user into a semi squatting position. A Maquette was made exploring the idea of the collapsible back structure. This was further explored removing the rather mechanical aesthetic and structure into a more sculptural form which is simple but does the same job.

Simplified Squatting Design A key development sketch showing the idea of a seat which forces you into a Semi-squatting position.

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Design a Place to Sit - Final Design

Scott A Lawson

Black Cloth Supported on Stainless Steel Wire

Blahh Natural Pine Support Beams Maximum Bending moment of Frame

Fabric Movement Under Load

Model Photo (Model Scale 1: 5)

Glulam Arm Rest and Support Beam

Glulam Spine Structure

Maximum Bending moment of Frame

Achilles Tendon Position

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Scott A Lawson

Survey A Site in Edinburgh

SEAT Survey Your body

Room

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Survey Your body

Blahh

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Room

Survey A Site in Edinburgh - History

Scott A Lawson

Cranston Street

OS Map of 1850 showing a form of building located on site. Old High school close to the east which provides access to the old Edinburgh High School which was completed in 1529.

OS Map of 1870 showing the implementation of the City Improvements act new streets Jeffrey Street and Cranston Street. The United Presbyterian Church main hall is completed (1869) And work has started on the tenements between both streets. They will be completed in 1873 to the designs of Architect John Lessels.

OS Map of 1893 showing the completion of all associated church buildings and the finished implementation of all the buildings and streets stated in the City improvements act.

OS Map of 1940 Showing the site in its modern surroundings. The police box was completed in 1931 to the specifications of James McRay and Co.

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Scott A Lawson

SEAT

Room

Survey Your body

1

Survey A Site in Edinburgh - History 2

1529

Edinburgh High School/Close Completed

1560

Flodden Wall Completed

1850

OS Map

1867

Edinburgh City Improvement Act Passed

1869 1870

United Presbyterian Church Completed

1873

Tenement Block by John Lessels Complete

1893

OS Map

1931

Tenement Block by John Lessels Complete

1940

OS Map

2010

50ft onsite Tree Collapse

Blahh

OS Map

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Scott A Lawson

SEAT Survey Your body

Design A Room for a Site In Edinburgh 1

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Scott A Lawson

SEAT

Room

Survey Your body

Design a room to sit on a site in Edinburgh

The initial response to the site was an understanding of capturing the views to Calton Hill and the bottom of the Royal Mile. The view to Calton Hill (North) Blahh was important because old Leith Wynd, the only road to the port of Leith, ran along most of this view line, and the view to the bottom of the Royal at the Netherbow Port (West) which was the lowest access point to the old Medieval City. The room is designed along the axis of the view to Calton hill, and as the user walks along, they get a teaser of history through materiality and an increasing sense of enclosure. Light also decreases becoming a symbol of progress and health.

Room Section (Scale 1:50)

Room Elevation(Scale 1:50)

Concept Sketch

Room Plan (Scale 1:50) 1

Room Model

1966 with new streets map highlighting the views to Calton Hill (N) and Netherbow Port (W). 13 Edinburgh University/ InPlace (ARCH08006)


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SEAT Survey Your body

Scott A Lawson

Design A Museum for Chairs on a Site In Edinburgh

Blahh

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Scott A Lawson

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Museum

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Survey Your body

The Chairs

The Collection Of chairs chosen for the museum are a reflection of our obsession with design in the last century. They show how the chair Blahh as an entity has evolved based on our understanding of materials, ergonomics, and aesthetic style.

Blahh

Argyl Chair (1900) Charles Rennie Mackintosh

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Red/Blue Chair

Josef Hoffmann

Gerrit Thomas Rietveld

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(1918-21)

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Barcelona Chair

Chair No.406

(1929)

(1928-9)

Mies Van Der Rohe

Alvar Aalto

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Carbaret Fledermaus Chair (1905-6)

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Easmes Lounge Chair (1956)

Series 7 (No.3017) (1955)

Charles and Ray Eames

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Arne Jacobsen

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Panton Chair

Supporto Chair

Silver Chair

Aeron Chair

(1968)

(1979)

(1989)

(1992)

Verner Panton

Fred Scott

Vico Magistretti

Donald Chapwick/ William Stumpf

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Scott A Lawson

Museum Partii

The main themes carried through from earlier work are; • Use comfort as a measure of performance • Incorporate History of site through view • Use materials to partially relate to surrounding context • Use of light as a symbol of progress on the journey through history • Placing the tree back on site as a visual symbol of the sites history • Play with height and sense of enclosure. • Sculptural Form - Void vs Solid

Concept Cast Model showing the idea of sculpture - solid of the programme vs void of the tree.

Curved Wall to allow maximum diffused light into the church.

Gallery 1/2 - The galleries are put on top of the secondary functions of the museum so that the maximum amount of light can penetrate into these spaces. Gallery 1 has less glazing so that there is a greater feeling of enclosure, which as you journey in the order of chair history disappears gradually to tie back into the idea of history. Entrance lobby/Cafe/Shop - This is the floor which one enters the museum by. The shop, cafe and reception are located here so as to be easily accessible by the public. There is a glass staircase leading up to the gallery spaces opposite the entrance door so as to suggest going up to these spaces. Basement - The basement contains all the tertiary functions within the museum. Its accessed by a staircase from the cafe space. One then travels around the large concrete pot used for the tree, to find themselves in a naturally lit hall leading to the bathrooms or office space. There is also access to a small storage area.

Increasing Light/Transparency

3 0 0 0 2 8 0 0

Gallery 1

2 7 0 0

Entrance Lobby/Cafe/Shop

2 3 0 0

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Gallery 2

Basement

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Scott A Lawson

SEAT

Museum

Survey Your body

Key Themes

Blahh Blahh

A Main theme in the museum was the idea of views both in and out of the museum. People can read the purpose of the museum through framing of specific chairs or get glimpses of the internal tree. The large overhang also allows people a slight glimpse of the building before seeing it, hopefully sparking there curiosity.

The site sits right upon the Royal mile, and for this reason the design is somewhat monumental and different. We get glimpses of modern or contemporary architecture on this long road, but nothing that really attracts the eye [with exception of the Scottish parliament building]. That is why a more contemporary architectural style was chosen to work with, as it would be something which hopefully enriches the fabric and adds a present day stamp on this historic road. It was decided to reintroduce the tree, literally, as a connection to the sites past. It is central in the plan and so the program works around this. It occupies a large void through the 2 gallery floors, so that it is always seen and enjoyed. As one travels up through the gallery spaces they get inwards views of the chairs and the tree, but as they come back down and out they are given full views out to the surrounding context, with some of these views having an artists impression of what that view was like back in history through an acetate printed sheet. Together these form the main themes within the museum design.

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Scott A Lawson

Museum South Elevation/Short Section

South Elevation (Scale 1: 100)

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Scott A Lawson

SEAT Survey Your body

Blahh

Short Section (Scale 1: 100)

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Scott A Lawson

Museum West Elevation/Long Section

West Elevation (Scale 1: 100)

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Scott A Lawson

SEAT Survey Your body

Blahh

Long Section (Scale 1: 100)

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Scott A Lawson

Museum East Elevation/North Elevation

East Elevation (Scale 1: 100) 22

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Scott A Lawson

SEAT Survey Your body

Blahh

North Elevation (Scale 1: 100) 1

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Scott A Lawson

Museum Basement Plan

Neighboring Plaza

Office Toilets

Filled Concrete ‘pot’ for tree.

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Scott A Lawson

SEAT

Museum

Survey Your body

Entrance Lobby/ Cafe/ Shop plan

Blahh

The front of the building uses lighter alumium seam cladding, with an almost random seam pattern for effect.

Cafe

Entrance Lobby Glass Staircase Reception/ Sales Point Shop

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For the walls at the back stacked slate with a hidden steel frame is used, tying into the more solid materiality of the surrounding church buildings.

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Scott A Lawson

Museum Gallery 1 Plan

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3 1

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Glass Bridge

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Scott A Lawson

SEAT

Museum

Survey Your body

Gallery 2 Plan

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Glass Bridge

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Scott A Lawson

Museum Exploded ISO

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Scott A Lawson

SEAT

Museum

Survey Your body

External Context Render

Blahh

1

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Scott A Lawson

Skills Photo

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Scott A Lawson

SEAT

Skills

Survey Your body

Cut

Blahh

1

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Edinburgh University Year 2 Design Semester 1 Portfolio