Report from the future Freiberg on the way to 2028 Abstract - Summary
CHANCE - developing common horizons and active strategies to new economic challenges resulting from enlargement and structural change
Three regions in Germany, Finland and Austria, which approached from periphery the centre of new economic areas as a cause of the EU enlargement, allied together with associates from other EU countries to the project named CHANCE. The aim is to analyse regional effects, which consequently result from the change processes of the EU enlargement and global developments, and as an answer develop an active local system of futuremanagement. The overall goal of the project is to develop a collective, transnational model for the sustainable economic change of a region with capacious respect to economic and social change processes, and with perception of the structural change as an active resource for the realisation of future orientated developing processes. In terms of this holistic approach, all regional participants who are representative for the development of an area, will be included within the project. Above all, public institutions, local agencies for development and social partners, as well as the three significant local economy levels, regional leading enterprises, SMB and founder of companies belong to it. The first aim of the project is to deepen the cross-national partnership, which has already been growing through several transnational meetings within the preparation for this project, and phase the contents of the project with all partners in detail within a preluding workshop. An essential content of this specification phase is to bundle the broad experiences and competencies of the several partners and integrate them as best as possible into the development of the details for the whole project. Thus, it will be ensured that the project bases on already existing experiences and guarantees a substantial advancement. Structuring on the corporate development of the model each particular project stage will be realised:
• Regional Future Conference • Improve regional future orientation through knowledge of change Partners • Development of regional strategies and methods for the management of reorganisation process • Pilot projects to improve future competencies of business companies and employes • Pilot projects leading enterprises • Pilot projects SMB • Pilot projects for foundresses and founders • Secure sustainability by active regional reorganisation management
Report form the future: Freiberg on the way to 2028 The EU-Project CHANCE will exemplary present measurements to strengthen the economy and discover and manage new economic challenges with the aim to strengthen and respectively expand the labour market situation in three European regions • Oststeiermark (A) • Satakunta (FIN) • Landkreis Freiberg (D). The regional projection for the region of Freiberg structures on a mixture of research and measures (see figure).
The Freiberg model of anticipation
Definition of key factors
Analysis of literature
Indicators Gathering and Analysis Period 1990-2007
Investigation of development directions (Trends for key factors) Period 2008-2028
Analysis of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats
Definition of reorganisation requirements
Preparation of scenarios
Definition of measures
CHANGE - Global and in Europe
The economic development of a region is an everlasting process based on changing determining factors. The proceeding globalization, such as, the EU enlargement to the East have an essential influence of local and entrepreneurial development potential in the region of Freiberg. Subsequent trends derive from the proceeding globalization: increasing demand of raw material and energy in newly industrialising countries, growing mobility of work, goods and supply of services, capital and knowledge intensification and territorial expansion of the local competition.
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1. Development of raw material and price of energy According to the research of the Hamburg global economics archive the prices for raw material have increased during the beginning of 2003 until the end of 2006 to over 80 %. The reasons for this are the inflow of notional money into commodity markets, as well as the growing global demand. High prices and shortages of goods will still be characterizing the international markets for metallic raw material for a long time. The raw material producing industry outside of Germany profits from this development in the first place. Regional knowledge-orientated enterprises consequently have global chances because of their know-how. 2. Omission of trade restrictions Affiliated with the globalization is the omission of trade restrictions. Most of all, ex-porting and importing enterprises benefit from the omission of trade restrictions and from the development of new shoppingand selling markets. Exemplarily, enterprises of mechanical engineering are to be named, which record substantial quantities of orders in the past years by reason of increasing demand, especially from the socalled developing countries. 3. Climate change The gradual climate change is caused by the greenhouse effect induced by mankind, which is especially produced by the combustion of fossil raw materials. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), fluorinated hydrocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) belong to the so-called greenhouse gases. The concentration of climate effective gases in the atmosphere increased considerably since the beginning of the industrialization. In the year 2005, Germany emitted approximately 866 million tons of CO2 which conforms 3,4 percent of global emissions.
Region of Freiberg To evaluate the development potentials from the region of Freiberg, the following key factors will be taken into account and described. • Demography • specialists / qualifications • social factors • Economy • Climate change • Availability of natural resources
Current trends in selected areas of action
Basic materials High-Tech products from the silicon and gallium arsenide materials for the chip industry and solar technology affect the economic power of the region of Freiberg essentially. Alongside, a strong and very widespread metal-producing and manufacturing industry exists. New basic materials are an essential component of these highly innovative fields of technology. Thus, energy- and process engineering without resilient construction materials, as well as microelectronics without high-purity semi-conducting materials would not be possible. Thesis: Regional enterprises from the branches metal working/ materials, for which the sourcing of raw- and metallic materials stays a dominating expense factor, are confronted with existential problems connected with impending loss of workstations. Merely enterprises which introduce material-efficient manufacturing processes, as well as development works to intensify the substitution of expensive and short metallic materials, are able to distance from this development.
Energy For the past five years the power authorities face an intensified competition. The market launches for renewable energies, the CO2- emission trading, further deregulation of the energy sector, as well as the law for backing out of the nuclear energy programme, prove a growing importance of renewable energies. However, the European Union is prospectively in great dependence to political and economic unstable producing- and transit countries because of the increasing energy consumption. Thesis: A disuse of the potentials of innovative energy technologies in the region of Freiberg will lead to an aggravation of regional conditions regarding location and to an economic stagnation of the region
Environment A subject matter of the entrepreneurial practice within the environmental sector is the contact with the media earth, water and air, the waste management, as well as regenerative energies. Within the region of Freiberg, aspects of recycling and sustainable land use are in the centre of interest. The reduction of acreage utilisation and therefore a sustainable use of restricted resource soil are in the centre of the sustain-ability strategy of the Federal Government. Thesis: The reduction of land consumption constitutes a possible contribution of the sustainable development. The processes of diminution, which are accompanied with the decrease of population, can be seen as a chance for the reorganisation and adaptation of the systems of provision and collection. As a result of an according price development, raw material and basic material recycling gain increasingly in importance.
Agrigulture The creation of free ecosocial markets in terms of an entrepreneur-friendly environment without hyper regulations, subsidies and regulations of quota in connection with a contemporary set-aside of agricultural land form the central challenge within the agriculture and forestry field of activity. Against the background of increasing concentration processes and growing market power of the food makers, the future of the native agriculture does not solely lay ahead the organic farmers. Has the brand named “Bio” – “whole food” become a phase-out model? Thesis: The material and concurrent energetic exploitation of biomass affects the development of the agriculture in the following years. Simultaneously, the securing of food products stays a central duty. Furthermore, the provision of services in the environment of tourism- and cultural landscape can be used as additional income source.
Tourism The core region Freiberg with the county seat Freiberg and its hinterland, offers its traditional touristy potentials with a mixture of sights of the mountain town Freiberg with appealing, partly unique single objects at the “Ferienstraße Silberstraße”, the natural conditions of the low mountain range named “Erzgebirge”, the degree of popularity of folk art from the Ore Mountains and the fast reachability of prominent destinations around the neighbourhood (e. g. Dresden, Meißen). Thesis: On the basis of the demographic development, a decrease in the numbers of over-night stays, especially in winter holiday regions is to expect on long-terms, as well as an intensification of the competition for the supplier. It applies to counteract against this trend with branch-specified, respectively individually balanced supply.
Conclusion/Summary It is not sufficient for the acting participants to recognize the trends within the particular branch, respectively the business area. This knowledge must be devolved to strategies, products and procedures of the region of Freiberg and its enterprises and institutions. Accordant recommendations for actions will be developed under cooperation with regional decision makers, as well as stated experts. Against the background of the demographic development within the new administrative district of Middle Saxony, innovative solutions for a long-term guarantee of service of general interest are required within the context of costs to maintain the infra-structure. The new challenges are a CHANCE for a further positive development of the region, for enterprises, for the employees and the whole population. Picture sources: SAXONIA Standortentwicklungs- und -verwaltungsgesellschaft mbH TU Bergakademie Freiberg www.photocase.de www.sxc.hu
Starke Wirtschaft - Starke Partner
Gründer- und Innovationszentrum Freiberg/Brand-Erbisdorf GmbH Chancen erkennen · Mehrwert schaffen · Erfolg verwirklichen
Deutsches Standortentwicklungs- und -verwaltungsgesellschaft mbH
Technologieorientierte Existenzgründungen · Innovationen und Netzwerke · Projektentwicklung und -management · Günstige Gewerberäume · Moderne Infrastruktur · Internationale Zusammenarbeit
Wirtschaftsförderung, Innovationsmanagement, Flächenrecycling, Projektmanagement, -steuerung, -entwicklung, Standortentwicklung, Immobilienmanagement, Ingenieur- und Wirtschaftsdienstleistungen, Öffentlichkeitsarbeit
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This project is part-financed by the European Commission. The content of this publication is binding upon the
Project partner CHANCE is a EU-Project in cooperation of the partner regions Oststeiermark (A), Satakunta (FIN) and Freiberg (D)
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EUROPÄISCHE Union European Social Fund Innovative actions according to Article 6