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Sativa Magazine Online Issue No. 25 February 2015

President & Publisher


Michael Freedom Carter Karen E. Szabo

Managing Editor & Design Director

Cheryl Addington

Social Marketing Expert

Carly Hofer

Art Director

Josh Clappe

Designers Tex


Executive Editor

Max Bortnick Gloria Martinez

Writers Diana Campos Hippy KK Duff Kennedy Kandy Krush Giuseppe L Sandra Sanchez All contents ©2015 Sativa Magazine. Sativa Magazine is published and distributed by Vanguard Click Publishing, Seattle, WA. Sativa Magazine does not condone or endorse any illegal use of any products or services advertised herein. All material is for educational purposes only. Sativa Magazine recommends consulting an attorney before considering any business decision or venture. We take no responsibility for the actions of our readers.


The bottom line

Along the road toward legalization and ending prohibition, there have been many trials and tribulations — hurdles everyone knew could be overcome if only the band of believers stuck it out and forged forward. For many of us, 2015 brought a new perspective on prohibition. Although slow, progress to end prohibition is making great headway — or is it? Washington, D.C.’s Initiative 71 was approved by more than 70 percent of the district voters, but Congress moved to deny and reverse the decision. Early last month and just two days after being sworn in as the District’s newlyelected mayor, NBC’s “Meet the Press” panel included Mayor Muriel Bowser. Responding to being asked how far city leaders will decide to press implementing the voter-approved ballot measure, Mayor Bowser stated, “We want to respect the will of the D.C. voters, and we think that Initiative 71 is self-enacting. The bottom line for us is we have to have laws that are clear and enforceable.” She went on to say, “We’re going to explore every option,” when asked about filing a lawsuit against Congress. Is it really because of the wording in the Constitution or the sheer fact that Congress simply has the power to block recreational legalization, while undermining the vote of the people because it’s the nation’s capital? It’ll be interesting to see how this all plays out. The results of a recent study revealed that smoking Cannabis caused zero damage to the lungs in individuals who consumed Cannabis every day for a period of 20 years. Zero


damage! And yet, our neighbors to the north are using a very different scare tactic in order to deter youths from consuming Cannabis. According to UNICEF, Canadian youth boast the highest rates of Cannabis consumption in the developed world. Without any documented proof, a government-sponsored ad claims: “Smoking marijuana—it can damage a teen for life.” If you’re looking for a unique gift to give that special someone this Valentine’s Day, or any day for that matter, be sure to check out this month’s Top 10 Valentine’s Day Gifts — The Stoner Edition. Talk about thinking outside of the box! And, speaking of boxes — a very special thanks to Lush Lighting for donating two of their top LED lights for this month’s Bright Shiny Objects product review. For the next two months, Sativa Magazine is doing some spring cleaning and won’t be publishing an issue for March and April. During this time, we will be working to complete our brand new website and putting out newsletters to keep you updated. We ask that you join us in May when we return. Thank you for your understanding and being loyal readers. We look forward to seeing you then.

Karen E. Szabo Editor-in-Chief


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FEBRUARY 2015 SATIVA MAGAZINE COLUMNS Business Highdeas Soak or smell your troubles away  Smoke it, eat it — soak or smell it!


Bright Shiny Objects HID vs. LED by Lush Lighting  A year in the making! Read and see the results.


From Seed to Sale Ask an expert with Read Spear  More excellent advice from our resident go-to.


Business as Unusual The trials and tribulations of legalization  Confused? We sort it out for you.


Did You Hear? by Duff Kennedy A compendium of global news


Incredible Medibles Cannabis-infused hash browns  Hash browns! Ha!


TRIALS AND TRIBULATIONS SATIVA MAGAZINE Top Ten Valentine’s Day Gifts  The stoner edition. Serious fun ahead.


Did Washington, D.C. Really Legalize Cannabis?  Obsfucation in our nation’s capital? Shocking.




Canada’s Anti-Cannabis Ads Targets Parents  Ask the U.S. if fear tactics work.


Compassionate Care  Coming to a town near you?




Soak or smell your troubles away

Cannabis incense H erbal i n c e n ses have bee n used for thousands of years for a variety of reasons; relaxation, meditation and worship are common uses. Aromatherapy is known to help ease the mind and control stress. Widely known brands and makers all have their


own unique scents and special ingredients and there are numerous choices available. However, incense as we know it is limited to providing a soothing aroma and creating ambiance. A burning incense that had the same effects as consuming medical Cannabis would be ideal.

All-natural, Canna Incense will be made with quality essential oils and flowers grown organically. There will be a garden that grows aromatic plants such as roses, myrrh and sage. The plants will be under the care of highly trained botanists who will graft and create hybrids to

FEBRUARY 2015 11

ensure true relaxation and to create the best-smelling product possible. Cannabis experts will research the most effective strains to make blends of incense that will not only last longer and smell wonderful, but also have targeted medicinal effects with each blend. Once plants are ready to be harvested they will undergo a drying process which will make it easier during the production steps. During the drying process rooms will be secured and set up with photosensitive lights in order to protect the precious minerals as well as maintaining the potency of the Cannabis. After plants are dried a commercial grinder will pulverize all ingredients for the final step. This step is comparable to what happens after using a keif box to produce hash. Water will be added to the powdered ingredients, turning it into a moist clay. This clay will be put into a roller with a cutting attachment similar to a pasta roller. The cut clay will be stringy and will lay flat. Cones and extra-large incense sticks can be made as well. After a short time, the incense sticks will be hardened and ready to enjoy. Canna Incense will come in various aromas and strains to meet your medical and recreational needs. It’s a safe and discreet



way to enjoy medicine. Enjoy it at home or on your travels. Canna Incense would be sold at local head shops. Stronger blends will be sold at dispensaries to medical patients only. Medical marijuanainfused incense sticks are ideal for consumers who don’t like the taste or simply don’t like smoking their herb. Finally — a product that smokes itself. AVAILABLE URLS Cannabis Bath Salts

artists will create a product ideal for soothing pain and anxiety. Bat h salts will be ideal for patients with diseases and illnesses that cause physical pain and discomfort. They will relieve muscle and joint pain for people with multiple sclerosis or arthritis or any number of painful and/or chronic conditions. Dermatologists will work with creative team members to develop a product that can also be used for skin and hair to help alleviate burns and dry skin. Canna salts can also ease chronic stomach pains due to ulcers or Crohn’s Disease. Anxiety and stress will be one of the main reasons for using medicinal bath salts, but there are many maladies that can be treated with a simple relaxing bath. The oils in the salts will release THC through the steam, giving you an extra boost of relaxation.

Bubble baths are a favorite way to put an end to a bad day. However, there are many who would rather medicate the stress away. How do you kill two birds with one stone? With medicated bubble baths — bath salts infused with Cannabis oil to provide maximum relaxation during those long soakings.

Just imagine your stress being soothed away by just enjoying a dip in your own bathtub. Take your relaxation time to another level with Canna salts.

Magnesium sulfate combined with potent Cannabis oil will create an effective blend of bath salts. Cannabis oil will be extracted using extra trimmings from homegrown or donated harvests. Extract




Track, share, and remember the cannabis you try with photos and ratings.

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HID vs. LED by Lush Lighting Oct. 24, planted, rooted clone.

Rating: 5 nuggs — Outstanding!! This review has been a long time coming. I’d like to apologize to Lush Lighting for taking longer than what was originally anticipated. JD and I have been growing our own strain of Cannabis for years, and I pretty much had myself convinced that Great Lakes Ice was pest- and disease-resistant. Hmm. Yeah... not so much. We first met the owners Matt and Renea Johnson of Lush Lighting last March at a Cannabis event held in Detroit, Mich. JD and I discussed with them the possibility of doing a side-by-side-grow product review using one of our 1000w High Intensity Discharge (HID) lights vs. Light Emitting Diode (LED) by Lush Lighting. The two types of lights would be of equal intensity, and kindly enough, they agreed. A couple



of weeks later, at the Ann Arbor Hash Bash/Monroe Street Fair we ran into Matt and Renea again; Lush Lighting was a vendor at the event. Matt said after they returned home and were settled from their recent travels, they would be sending the light out. I was expecting one light because with an HID light, you use one light fixture. So, you can imagine my surprise when I received two lights from Lush Lighting. After the lights arrived, I purchased two 3-foot by 3-foot by 7-foot grow tents, one 1000w High Pressure Sodium (HPS) light bulb and one 1000w dimmable, switchable digital ballast. With the exception of the light hood itself, everything was brand new, just as the LED lights were. It was time to set everything up and get growing. JD and I have three grow rooms, a cloning cabinet and a separate nursery where we keep

our mother plants and ‘baby girls’ until they are ready to be put in the appropriate room to veg. With all the grow rooms at capacity, we decided to set the grow tents up at one end of the nursery. I am very detail orientated, and have always kept a detailed journal with weekly photos, and for this experiment, it wasn’t going to be any different. To be quite honest, JD and I have discussed using LED lights many times in the past, but the upfront cost is a hard pill to swallow. Especially without knowing how will they produce. This was the perfect opportunity to see if switching from HID to LED would be in our best interest or not. There are a couple things I would like to mention prior to providing my notes. There are two specific traits of Great Lakes Ice I wish could be changed or corrected without the hassle of having to


breed again. Between the fourth and fifth week of flower, the fan leaves start paling out. This isn’t due to anything in particular, it’s simply the plant’s genetics. Also in the fifth week of flower, the buds start developing ‘foxtails’. However, this past summer, we had a couple of plants outside and those two did not develop foxtails, but the fan leaves did pale out, as they usually do. The following are my journal entries and final results of this grow experiment as well as kWh information. 1000w HID vs. Lush Lighting Wednesday, Oct. 8, 2014: Cut 11 clones (from two mother plants). Friday, Oct. 24, 2014: Selected two clones from the 11 that were the most similar — five inches in height with a root mass of about 9 inches. Each was planted in a 7-gallon Smart Pot with Formula


HID Nov. 3, after one full week in veg.

LED Nov. 3, after one full week in veg.

707 soil by Roots Organic. Each plant was then given one gallon of water that contained one ml Humboldt Roots — pH 6.25. Placed each plant in the nursery under T5s, where they will remain for a week before being put into their individual grow tent under the appropriate light source. Nursery lights come on at four a.m., off at midnight for a total lights-on time of 20 hours. Photos were taken.

to tents will be left open since the lights are on the same schedule as the nursery.

Sunday, Nov. 2, 2014: One full week veg. The girls took well to being planted into soil; both have new growth. They were moved into their appropriate grow tent. The HID is on the left or what is called A. The ballast is set at 600w for the first 24 hours to get the plant acclimated and to prevent burning. The LED is on the right, known as B. Light schedule will remain 20-on/four-off for the remainder of the veg cycle. Doors

Monday, Nov. 3, 2014: A — switched the ballast power to 750w. One-week veg photos were taken. Tuesday, Nov. 4, 2014: Each plant was given one gallon of water with one ml Sea Cal, one ml ProZyme and one ml FlavorFul — pH 6.25. A — turned the ballast up to 1000w. Friday, Nov. 7, 2014: Each plant received only one-half gallon of water — pH 6.25. Monday, Nov. 10, 2014: Two full weeks veg. Both girls are looking very good. After one full week of veg in the tents, I noticed that A is growing tall while B is growing bushy. A measures 14 inches high and B measure 11 inches. Each plant received three-fourths of a gallon water with .75 ml each of

FEBRUARY 2014 15

HID Nov. 10, after two full weeks in veg.

LED Nov. 10, after two full weeks in veg.

HID Nov. 17, after three full weeks in veg.

Sea Cal, ProZyme and FlavorFul — pH 6.25. Photos were taken.

on flipping them into flower. A (HID) received one gallon of water with four ml each of Grow, Bloom and Micro, two ml Sea Cal, one ml FlavorFul, two ml, Structural Integrity and one ml ProZyme. B (LED) received one gallon of water with two ml each of Grow, Bloom and Micro, four ml Sea Cal, one ml FlavorFul, two ml Structural Integrity and one ml ProZyme — pH 6.25.

from both settings, on and off. Lights will now come on at 7 a.m. and go off at 8 p.m. The doors to the tents will now need to be closed when the lights go off in order to prevent the plants from hermaphroditing due to the lights in the nursery. No photos were taken today, only watered and took measurements.

Monday, Nov. 17, 2014: Three full weeks veg. Both plants are looking really good. A is definitely growing taller than B. The soil isn’t drying out as quickly in B as it is in A. I’m sure that’s because the LED doesn’t get anywhere near as hot as the HID. A measured 21 inches high and B measured 17 inches. Today the girls were fed one gallon of water each with a full three-week feed schedule that consisted of three ml each of Grow, Micro and Bloom, two ml Sea Cal, one ml FlavorFul, one ml Structural Integrity, five ml ProZyme, two ml Humboldt Roots and one-half teaspoon White Widow — pH 6.25. Photos were taken. Sunday, Nov. 23, 2014: Today will be the last time the girls get a veg feeding. Tomorrow I plan



Monday, Nov. 24, 2014: Four full weeks veg. The girls have been in veg for just over four weeks now. A measured 31 inches in height and B measured 26 inches. Today they will be switched into flower. The 330w LED Vegetator 2X in B will be replaced with Lush Lighting’s 650w High Intensity LED, double lens Dominator 2XXL. The lights-on time will decrease to 13-on/11-off. In order for the light cycle to be as realistic as the sun’s, time should be adjusted

Saturday, Nov. 29, 2014: Each plant was given a week-one flower feeding with one gallon of water and the following nutrients: A — four ml each of Grow, Bloom and Micro, one-fourth teaspoon Big Up Powder, one ml Sea Mag, one ml FlavorFul, five ml ProZyme and one ml Structural Integrity. B — two ml each of Grow, Bloom and Micro, one-fourth teaspoon Big Up Powder, two ml Sea Mag, one ml FlavorFul, five ml ProZyme and one ml Structural Integrity — pH 6.25.


LED Nov. 17, after three full weeks in veg.

HID Dec. 1, after one full week in flower.

LED Dec. 1, after one full week in flower.

Monday, Dec. 1, 2014: One full week in flower. Bud sites are developing on both plants, but are much more noticeable on B, which has more bud sites than A. It is really hard to get good pictures with the HID light because of the yellow tint. Both plants look extremely healthy. However, I am very impressed with what I’m seeing so far in B; A measured 32 inches high and B has finally caught up, measuring 31 inches high. Photos were taken.

five ml ProZyme and one ml Structural Integrity. B — three ml each of Grow, Bloom and Micro, one ml Ginormous, three ml Sea Mag, two ml FlavorFul, five ml ProZyme and one ml Structural Integrity — pH 6.25.

ml ProZyme and one ml Structural Integrity. B — four ml of each Grow, Bloom and Micro, two ml Ginormous, three ml Sea Mag, two ml FlavorFul, 10 ml ProZyme and one ml Structural Integrity — pH 6.25. S u n d a y, D e c . 14 , 2 014 : A required a one-half gallon of water only. B was okay.

Thursday, Dec. 4, 2014: Gave A only one-half gallon of water; B was still pretty moist so she didn’t get any water.

Monday, Dec. 8, 2014: Two full weeks in flower. The buds are definitely developing faster on B than on A; there is a significant difference. A measured 37 inches and B measured 36 inches. They are neck-in-neck as far as height is concerned. A is still growing up toward the light, while B is growing up and out, making it look fuller. Photos were taken.

Sunday, Dec. 7, 2014: Both girls are thirsty and need to be fed. Today each received a gallon of water with the following nutrients: A — five ml each of Grow, Bloom and Micro, one ml Ginormous, two ml Sea Mag, two ml FlavorFul,

Friday, Dec. 12, 2014: Both girls received nutrients today. Each plant was given one gallon of water with the following nutrients: A — six ml of each Grow, Bloom and Micro, two ml Ginormous, two ml Sea Mag, two ml FlavorFul, 10


Monday, Dec. 15, 2014: Three full weeks in flower. The buds on B are more than double the size of A! I only wish there were as many buds on B as there are on A. Today, A measured 41 inches high and B measured 38 inches high. Considering last week there was only a one-inch height difference between the two, it would appear that B has slowed down in growth. Perhaps its energy is being put into the growth of the buds rather than growing tall. That’s fine by me. Ultimately, both plants look

FEBRUARY 2015 17

HID Dec. 8, after two full weeks in flower.

LED Dec. 8, after two full weeks in flower.

HID Dec. 15, after three full weeks in flower.

really good, but I’m leaning towards B being the bigger producer. Photos were taken.

apologize for the quality of LED photos. Someone took my light that I hang overhead and I can’t find it!! Isn’t it crazy how they turn out with the LED on? Today A measured 42 inches and B measured 39 inches. B is still trailing behind A as far as height goes, but B’s buds outsize A’s by about triple. JD and I are both very impressed with Lush Lighting’s LED light. But, overall, we’re quite happy with the progress of both. Photos were taken.

Ginormous — pH 6.25.

Tuesday, Dec. 16, 2014: Today was a feeding day. A received one gallon of water with one ml each of Grow, Bloom and Micro, one ml Hydro Deuce, two ml Sea Mag, 10 ml ProZyme and three ml FlavorFul. B was given one ml each of Grow, Bloom and Micro, one ml Hydro Deuce, three ml Sea Mag, 10 ml ProZyme and three ml FlavorFul — pH 6.25. The girls are looking fabulous! The next time the LED gets nutrients, the amount of Sea Mag will be reduced to what the schedule calls for — in order to prevent a deficiency in week five of flower, it’s recommended that the amount of Sea Mag be increased during week three to four of flower. Monday, Dec . 22: Four full weeks in flower. First of all, let me



Wednesday, Dec. 24, 2014: Today I went downstairs just to observe the difference between the two plants. I’m amazed at the difference between them — B’s buds are incredibly larger than those on A. The girls were each fed a gallon of water with the following nutrients — six ml each of Grow, Bloom and Micro, three ml Sea Mag, three ml FlavorFul, 10 m l ProZym e a n d t wo m l

Saturday, Dec. 27, 2014: A needed only one-half gallon of water; B was okay. Everything looks great. Monday, Dec. 29, 2014: Five full weeks in flower. At the time photos should have been taken for week five flower, JD and I were both extremely sick. Unfortunately, no photos were taken for that week, but wait till you see the growth in week six flower photos. Thursday, Jan. 1, 2015: Each plant received a gallon of water with the following nutrients — seven ml each of Grow, Bloom and Micro, one-half teaspoon. Big Up Powder, three ml Sea Mag, three ml FlavorFul, 10 ml ProZyme and one-eighth teaspoon of sugar — pH 6.25. Monday, Jan. 5, 2014: Six full weeks in flower. The girls look so good! The buds are getting very


LED Dec. 15, after three full weeks in flower.

HID Dec. 22, after four full weeks in flower.

LED Dec. 22, after four full weeks in flower.

large. As usual, the top buds on A have begun to foxtail. The buds on B are very dense. I’m pleased with both, but overall, more so with the results I’m seeing in B. However, I’d happily take either any day of the week. A measured 43 inches tall and B measured 39 inches. Both plants were only given water today. A received three-fourths of a gallon; B received just over a one-fourth gallon. When looking at set 9 — HID photos, take note of the bamboo stake I had to place there. The far left stem was being weighed down by the weight of the bud so it had to be secured. I also figured out the trick to getting decent photos under the HID light — snap it fast before the camera can detect the light. Also, you’ll notice in this week’s photos, the leaves paling out, turning yellow. Photos were taken.

the girls were each given one gallon of water with the following nutrients — six ml of each Grow, Bloom and Micro, one-fourth teaspoon Big Up Powder, three ml Sea Mag, three ml FlavorFul, 10 ml ProZyme and one-fourth teaspoon sugar — pH 6.25.

normal to what I’m used to seeing — large buds, but airy due to the foxtails. A will not have the bag appeal that B does for sure! The hairs on both plants are turning from white to amber in color. At this time, the color change is more noticeable on B than it is on A. I’m getting very anxious to trim these up and see the final yields.

Thursday, Jan. 8, 2015: Today


Sunday, Jan. 11, 2015: Each plant received one-half gallon of water with .50 ml Sea Mag — pH 6.25. From this point forward, water will not include any nutrients. The next watering will begin the flushing cycle and will continue until the eighth full week of flower. Monday, Jan. 12, 2015: Seven full weeks in flower. Look at set 10 of the photos — those buds are pretty incredible. The buds on B are very dense. For my first experience with LED lights, I couldn’t be more pleased with their development. A is pretty

Tuesday, Jan. 13, 2015: Each plant was given one-half gallon of water — pH 6.25. Thursday, Jan. 15, 2015: A was given one gallon of water; B was given one-half gallon — pH 6.25. Saturday, Jan. 17, 2015: Both A and B were given one gallon of water — pH 6.25. From this point forward, neither plant will receive any more water. Monday, Jan. 19, 2015: Eight full weeks in flower. Lights out! Today I unplugged the lights and closed up both tents. The plants

FEBRUARY 2015 19

HID Jan. 5, after six full weeks in flower.

LED Jan. 5, after six full weeks in flower.

HID Jan. 12, after seven full weeks in flower.

will remain in total darkness for 72 full hours. This is a trick that JD and I learned at a growing seminar hosted by none other than DJ Short himself this past summer at the High Times Cannabis Cup in Clio, Mich. We thought if it was something he did, we definitely wanted to give it a try. Although I took a boatload of photos today, I only selected four to include. No matter what angle I looked at the plants, they were both beauties with huge buds.

= 7.03 ounces

from the HID tent into the LED tent. JD and I have already decided where we will move the tents so that the doors can remain open at all times. So, in all fairness to Lush Lighting, when the results are in from that experiment, we’ll email them to Matt. And besides, we grow using the ScrOG method and would really like to try our hand at our normally practiced method and see what the end yield is. I’m betting both yields will increase significantly.

Thursday, Jan. 22, 2014: Harvest time! Good thing for trimmers, although I did have someone here to help me just to speed things up. Eight and a half hours later, everything was cleaned up and ready to be laid out on the drying rack. It’ll be weighed when ready and placed into mason jars for the curing process. Total Yield: A (HID) 196.84 grams



Total Yield: B (LED) 268.24 grams = 9.58 ounces The LED produced 71.40 more grams or 2.55 more ounces than the HID light. With the overall production of both plants, I was quite pleased. We would like to do this side-by-side-grow experiment again because we did have a couple of issues. During the week that both of us were sick, there were two mornings that I didn’t get downstairs to open the doors to the tents before the lights came on. I wasn’t worried about B because the LED light didn’t really produce heat. However, as everyone who grows knows, HID lights produce excessive heat. That in itself might have caused damage to the plants. It was about an hour after the lights came on that the doors were opened. Due to being side by side, heat penetrated

As for electricity, we run four 1000w lights at any given time. Often there will be six 1000w lights, when all three grow rooms are being utilized. In the nursery area, we have three 8-tube T5s that are on 20 out of 24 hours per day, seven days a week. There are two inline fans in each room for a total of six inline fans. Four are always running during the lights-on cycle and as with


LED Jan. 12, after seven full weeks in flower.

HID Jan. 19, after eight full weeks in flower.

LED Jan. 19, after eight full weeks in flower.

6K 5K 4K 3K 2K 1K Jan ’14

Feb ’14

Mar ’14

kWh used with four 1000w HID lights


Apr May Jun ’14 ’14 ’14

Jul ’14

Aug ’14

kWh used with six 1000w HID lights

Sep ’14

Oct ’14

Nov ’14

Dec ’14

Jan ’15

kWh used with five 1000w HID lights and 330w/650w LED

FEBRUARY 2015 21

the lights, there are occasional months we might be running all six inline fans at the same time. In each room, there are two additional fans for circulating the air and making the plants’ foliage dance. There are four fans that remain on 24/7 and, as with the HID lights and inline fans, there are several months that all six fans are being used. We have a fairly regular cycle when we are harvesting every six weeks. When the heat is on, it remains set at 69°F, the A/C (when running) at 72°F. In the summertime months, each grow room uses a dehumidifier when necessary.

kWh used with two grow rooms and the test subjects (HID vs. LED). During these four months, there were five 1000w HID lights being used at all times and one 330w LED for four weeks. After the completion of the fourth week, the 330w LED was replaced with the 650w LED. The total amount of kWh used during this experiment was 10,589. The amount of kWh used per month averaged 2,647.25 and cost $23.85 per day. The amount of kWh used and daily cost was less than any other time, even in comparison to when four 1000w HID lights were being used.

growing Cannabis. Again, thank you to the owners of Lush Lighting for donating these outstanding lights to us in order to make this review possible.

The information represented by red bars in the graph display the amount of kWh used per month when there are four 1000w HID lights in use. The total kWh used during these five months was 19,508. The amount of kWh used per month averaged 3901.60 with an average cost of $25.84 per day.

Is it in our best interests to make the transition over to LED lights? I believe so, but before placing an order I’m testing them out with a ScrOG grow. LED lights are quiet and produce no heat. The doors to the tent could stay zipped closed the entire time, however, that is not recommended due to the moisture that the plants give out — that’s just asking for bud mold or powdery mildew. You will need to put in some type of ventilation. The buds that the LED produces are top-grade and are extremely dense. There was not one thing that disappointed — JD and I are extremely happy with the end results from Lush Lighting and we highly recommend them to anyone who is serious about

(888) 960-4533 ext. 101

The information represented with blue bars in the graph is during the four months out of the year (2014) that all three rooms were being utilized. The total amount of kWh used during those four months was 18,993. The amount of kWh used per month averaged 4,748.25 and cost $38.95 per day. The information represented with green bars in the graph is the



Lush Lighting website: http:// Info on the Dominator 2XXL: http://www.lushledlighting. com/Dominator -2x XL - Data. html Info on the Vegetator 2X: http:// w w w.lushle dligh t Vegetator-2x-Data.html Contact info: President/CEO: Matt Johnson Vice President/COO: Renae Johnson (888) 960-4533 ext. 104 ​RSJohnson@LushLEDLighting. com Customer Service Manager: Cindy Dickason (888) 960-4533 CDickason@LushLEDLighting. com Customerservice@ Phone: 888-960-4533 Address: 1964 S. 11th Street, Niles, MI 49120 S



FEBRUARY 2015 23

annuals. Some die after two seasons of growth (biennials), and some come back year after year for many years. These last types are called perennials. There are lots of exceptions in between, such as triennials, which as their name implies, need three years to finish their life cycle, and the Century Plant, which lives about 10–30 years before reproducing and dying. Perennials will eventually die of natural causes, too.


Ask an Expert


Read Spear began cultivating in the late ’80s.His medical marijuana dispensary was among the first to be issued a Medical M a riju a n a Ce nt e r lic e ns e in Colo ra do. He is active as a consultant in the industry, specializing in new business development, business funding, and mergers and acquisitions. Read is the author of “Marijuana Cultivation Reconsidered: The Science and Tec h n iq u es Fo r Huge In doo r Yields” (available on Amazon. c o m) a n d h a s t w o d e g r e e s in philosophy, a Bachelor of Arts from Pennsylvania State University and a Master of Arts from Duquesne University of the Holy Ghost in Pittsburgh. Have a q u estion? A sk t h e exp e r t: askthegrower@sativamagazine. com Q: When cloning, is there a specific root mass length the clones should have before transplanting into a grow medium? A: As with any potting-up situation, I like to see the roots just reach the perimeter of the old



container/media before potting up, but not much longer than that. Any more and you risk binding the roots and stunting the plant in many ways, including yield weight, branching, and flowering time. Binding the roots decreases available media pore space in the pot, which reduces available space for oxygen and water. A meta-study of the effects of container size and resulting root-restriction on a variety of plants supports these observations (see website below). As for clones, I find that when you have healthy, well-developed roots in good volume, the plant can take a lot more transplant stress than it could otherwise. If your roots have room to grow, wait a while; if they do not, pot up sooner. Q: Can a strain grow tired (wear out)? A: Senescence occurs in all things plant and animal. We watch people and animals grow old and die, and plants do this, too. Some plants die after a season of growth; we call these plants

Cannabis is an annual plant. In nature, it will sprout from seed, grow to maturity and reproduce then die all in one growing season. The question often follows about cuttings: How long can they be taken and still remain viable? The key is to keep the plant in vegetative growth. This can go on for years, indefinitely even, if you are skilled at keeping it healthy. The only thing that will stop you from propagating a plant thusly is the introduction of outside disease. Q: Do you have any recom­ mendations for a good trimmer? They’re expensive, so I’m looking for one that will provide the cleanest cut without damaging the buds. If I’m going to invest that much money, I want it to be worth the cost. A: I have been searching for a solution to the trimming problem for about as long as I have been looking for a decent razor blade that doesn’t cost too much, which is to say: most of my adult life. As you may have guessed, I’m not finished looking. However, I have arrived at a tolerable interim solution and it is the Gillette


Sensor Excel. For the bud trimming, I recommend the following procedure, which will be suitable for most home grows, produce an acceptable product and not break the bank: 1. De-leaf and de-bone the plant 2. Hang the branches to dry 3. U se a hand snip to manicure the big buds 4. Use a hand-cranked machine (SpinPro-type), to roll the popcorn buds into something presentable Or, if you prefer wet trimming: 1. Leave the plant where it is, clipping one branch at a time 2. D e-leaf, de-bone and manicure that branch all at once 3. Hang the big stuff to dry 4. Roll the popcorn buds in the SpinPro type machine 5. Repeat with the next branch You mentioned clean cuts, though, so I want you to know that you can’t have clean cuts and not spend a helluva lot of money. That’s why I’m describing the SpinPro as “rolling” the buds. The SpinPro works on the same principle as a weed-whacker, which breaks, rather than cuts. This is why I recommend hand-trimming the big stuff. If you put big buds into one of these type machines, you’ll be disappointed and/or angry with me. For big jobs, you’re into $10,000 for a tunnel-type machine, at which point half or more of your time will be spent cleaning the machine. (About that, I’m not kidding even a bit.) All trimmers bash


the buds around, which is why the top shelf is still hand-trimmed. Q: Do you have any suggestions on the best type of infusion to use in edibles, i.e. oil, butter, hash, etc…? A: Cannabinoids are not watersoluble. They require a non-polar solvent such as oil, CO2, isopropyl alcohol, or butane in order to be extracted (dissolved and separated) from the plant material. (Methyl and ethyl alcohol are polar, and do not work well as solvents.) Unfortunately, for us, only two of these are viable options: oil and isopropyl alcohol. The problem with isopropyl is that it also dissolves plant waxes, and it sticks around a long time after it is used (i.e., it leaves a high level of residual solvent). For this reason, it is most commonly used as a “quick wash,” which limits the amount of time it is in contact with the plant material. I don’t recommend using any alcohol as an extract. CO2 extraction equipment is prohibitively expensive for most of us, with an entry-level extractor costing about $12,000, and with the butane, you are at high risk of an explosion disaster. We hardly have a month go by in Colorado without someone making the news because he burned his body or house while trying to do a butane extraction. With butane, a hydrocarbon, you also have a residual solvent problem (hydrocarbons are not good for human health, to put it mildly). Unless you have obtained it from a professional lab,

you should avoid butane extracts. There’s a reason why brownies are the stereotypical pot-laced food; they are easy to make with an oil extract (or just by adding an eighth of ground bud or hash), and the strong chocolate flavor covers the taste of the pot. If you are new to edibles, take it slowly when consuming the end product, allowing at least one hour between increases in dosage. Edibles take a long time to take effect and these effects intensify over time as the cannabinoids pass through two phases of metabolism instead of just the one phase experienced when taken through the lungs. I have had my share of edibles and, because I no longer have eight-hour stretches of time to waste asking “wait, who said that?” I have stopped using them. Also, it is worth mentioning that the effects of alcohol and cannabinoids combined are greater than the sum of their parts taken by themselves. I’d stick with oilinfused brownies if you are doing this at home and actually enjoy the intensity of edibles. For more information about the meta-study: http://horttech. content/8/4/495.full.pdf+html NOAA website: https://www.ncdc. select2&prodtype=CLIM2001&sub rnum%2520to%2520Freeze/Frost %2520Data%2520from%2520the %2520U.S.%2520Climate%2520N ormals S

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The trials and tribulations of legalization

Entrepreneurs are jumping into the corporate world to be part of the vast opportunities surrounding legalizing, growing, marketing, and distributing recreational Cannabis. A staggering number of businesses are turning in their applications to enter this potentially rewarding market.


However, there are many trials and tribulations for the entrepreneur who jumps in to be a part of what is being called the “Green Rush.” Washington, Colorado, and now Oregon, Alaska, and Washington, D.C. are challenged with the task of enacting various degrees of legalization for recreational

Cannabis use. State authorities are now governing the growing, marketing, and distribution of recreational Cannabis. Moreover, it is a daunting task. Many new rules and regulations govern this booming industry, and finding your niche amongst this vast new market, requires that

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you do your homework. Startup companies are dealing with the difficulties associated with this new and uncharted territory. We recommend that you thoroughly researc h this new emerging market. Moreover, be cautious as changes are quickly being made in the legalization process. Many businesses are pouring their heart and soul into their dream business, only to be forced to close their doors due to not being able to meet state regulations.

months after the measure passed, and Oregon allows for the personal use of recreational Cannabis starting July 1, 2015. Oregon’s initiative designates the Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC) as the state agency that implements the terms. This gives the OLCC authority to tax, license, and regulate recreational marijuana. Measure 91 requires the OLCC to begin accepting business license applications by January 4, 2016, according to the OLCC website.

One thing is for sure; the process of setting this new industry in place is going to take some time. The Cannabis industry is multifaceted and constantly evolving. The strategy for entering this new market includes rigorous compliance with varying policies and regulations.

The Cannabis industry is complex and ever changing. The strategy for entering this new market includes rigorous compliance control and reporting tools to help enforce varying policies and regulations.

Rac hael Petro, president of the Alaska State Chamber of C o m m erc e, i n a n i n ter v iew recently by station KBBI in Homer, Alaska, stated that, “startups will have to deal with the risks that come with the process of starting any new business model, plus some unique to their situation. The most immediate issue they’ll face is state regulation. The problem is those rules do not exist yet.” Alaska is scheduled to have a regulatory system in place nine



New recreational dispensaries must be able to produce products safely, manage their manufacturing processes and distribution channels efficiently while complying with government regulations, and optimizing profit. Moreover, timing is everything, and every day you delay your company falls steps behind the competition. It is time to assess your company’s situation — analyze your niche, understand all the regulations, get a handle on your particular strengths, and start making your mark on this

new industry. “2015 will be an historic year for the MJBA and the budding legal marijuana industry,” according to David Rheins, founder of The Marijuana Business Association (MJBA) which serves the legal marijuana, medical Cannabis and industrial hemp markets. When asked where he sees the industry in a year, Rheins replied, “In a year, we will be reflecting on just how far legalization has grown in the past year. Legalization in Washington and Colorado will have generated tens of millions in taxes and thousands of new jobs. Alaska, Oregon, and the District of Columbia will be in the early stages of rolling out their recreational markets, and California, Nevada, and several other states will be looking at legalizing in 2016.” marijuana/Pages/FrequentlyAsked-Questions.aspx david-rhein-mjba-the-chamberof-commerce-for-the-cannabisindustry/ chorus-disappointment-over-alaskamedicaid-rejection S


Growing in Soil? Here’s a head start.

Find out more at:

U.S. Indian reservations – The Justice Department says it will no longer prosecute violations of federal laws regarding the regulation of growing and selling Cannabis on reservations, even if state law bans the drug. This could become big business, but so far, no tribes are going for it. Rumor has it that three tribes (one in California, one in Washington State, and one in the Midwest) urged the Obama Administration to do this, but no one is publicly owning up to it. – The Washington Post United States – The Marijuana Policy Project (MMP) is actively lobbying for Cannabis legalization in the following states: Arizona, California, Delaware, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Montana, Nevada, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Those in support of more states moving to legalize Cannabis are focusing their bets on the 2016 election when more voters will turn out for the presidential election. – The Huffington Post Colorado – All the hype by law enforcement about drugged driving does not seem to have been borne out in Colorado. In fact, during the year following Cannabis legalization, Colorado had fewer traffic fatalities than at any time in the recent past. – The Washington Post Colorado – As recreational shops gain popularity in Colorado, medical marijuana (MMJ) sales in Colorado tanked — sales dropped 17 percent in November 2014 compared to October. Nevertheless, from Jan. 1, 2014 and Nov. 30, 2014, Colorado brought in more than $67.5 million in taxes, licenses, and fees via recreational and medical Cannabis. – The Cannabist Washington State – Curiously, at airports in Washington, including Seattle-Tacoma International, there is little the police can do to prevent travelers from flying with pot in their carry-on or checked luggage, as long as it doesn’t exceed the state legal limit of one ounce. – The Cannabist Colorado – Among the more than 75 percent of


A COMPENDIUM OF LEGAL NEWS FROM AROUND THE COUNTRY...AND BEYOND BY DUFF KENNEDY Coloradans who said they don’t use Cannabis themselves, 73 percent said they know someone who does; 59 percent of non-consumers said they voted for legalization. Colorado has also made a dent in the black market — recreational and MMJ shops are now the most popular sources of those who partake (45 percent and 24 percent, respectively). About 18 percent say they get their Cannabis from a friend and 7 percent say they grow it. Remarkably, only 6 percent say they get Cannabis from a dealer. – The Cannabist United States – Cannabis is now the nation’s fastest-growing industry! The legal marijuana industry brought in $2.4 Billion last year. This is an incredible increase from 2013 by some 74 percent. Some are estimating that the total legal market could be worth as much as $11 billion as soon as 2019, but these assessments assume that California, Nevada, Arizona, Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Maryland will vote to legalize Cannabis in 2016. The projections also assume that Montana, Hawaii, New Hampshire, Connecticut, New Jersey, and Delaware will have legalization by 2020. The growth potential of the industry appears to be limited only by the possibility of states forbidding the loosening of their drug laws. – The Huffington PostS

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Cannabis-infused hash browns JD and I received an awesome cooking gift box as a wedding present from a staff member filled with a variety of herbs and spices. Without mentioning the name brand, the box contained pure vanilla extract, cinnamon, pasta sprinkle, minced garlic and Mural of Flavor. Mural of Flavor is unlike any seasoning/spice combination that I’ve ever used. It’s a blend of a dozen herbs and spices and is salt-free. This secret spice blend complements just about any recipe you can think of and it elevates the flavor to a whole new level! I use it in just about everything, but potatoes are one of my favorite — and a little bit goes a long way. If you don’t have Mural of Flavor on hand — no worries — use your favorite blend of seasonings and/or spices. Yield: 2 servings Prep Time: 25 minutes Ingredients: 2 medium potatoes,* scrubbed and peeled 1/4 cups plus 4 teaspoons Cannabis oil, separated 1 small onion, chopped as desired (optional) Mural of Flavor or desired seasoning/spices You will also need a griddle or large pan. 1 Assemble ingredients. Preheat griddle to 375°F.  2 In a medium bowl, shred the potatoes using a cheese grater or food processor. Add ¼ cup Cannabis oil and seasoning to the potatoes. Mix well by hand or with a fork, being sure to evenly coat the potatoes with the oil.



3 Preheat griddle to 375°F. Using half of the potatoes, make two equal piles of the shredded potatoes and place on preheated griddle, or, if using the stovetop, over medium-high heat. Spread the potatoes out to desired thickness. Spread chopped onions evenly over potatoes. 4 Top potato/onion mixture with remaining potatoes. Brown for approximately 7–10 minutes, or until potatoes are golden brown on the bottom. 5 When it’s time to flip the potatoes, lift with a spatula and add 2 additional teaspoons Cannabis oil per hash brown to pan or griddle directly under the potatoes and then complete the flip. Brown for an additional 7–10 minutes, or until potatoes are a nice golden brown. 6 Serve immediately. Cannabis-infused hash browns are a great way to start the day. They will leave you feeling nice and relaxed, but not so mellow that nothing gets done. And here, my friends, are my famous last words: DO NOT drive or operate machinery after consuming medibles, and be sure to keep out of reach of children and pets. Enjoy! *Each potato makes a serving so if more than two people are seated around your table, increase the number of potatoes accordingly. Additional Cannabis oil will also be necessary: for every extra potato add a few extra dashes prior to browning into the shredded potatoes and seasoning blend and two teaspoons when browning. S









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iCannabis: The Technology Issue • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •




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Valentine’s Day Gifts THE STONER EDITION It’s February — and what better to accompany the love that’s in the air than some hearty smoke clouds? For all of you fellows lucky enough to have a stoner babe as your Valentine this year, Sativa Magazine has compiled a list of gift ideas guaranteed to please your date. But don’t turn the page just because you’re single! We’ve made sure to include some gifts you can treat yourself to as well — so go ahead and show yourself some love!

1. MEDICATED CHOCOLATE It’s been said that a girl’s true best friend is chocolate, not diamonds. Most guys would get her a heart-shaped box of chocolates, but you’re not most guys are you? Make her extra giggly this month by getting her medicated chocolate like the Liquid Gold line by G FarmaLabs. The company makes boxes with either eight 25-mg truffles or four 50-mg truffles in a variety of flavors: mint, cinnamon, raspberry, orange, burnt caramel, and espresso. You can purchase these boxes for $30 each at California dispensaries along with individually wrapped Liquid Gold Hearts. The 50-mg hearts sell for eight bucks apiece, come in milk, dark, or white chocolate, and make great additions to any gifts you may already have in mind (just in case you really want to spoil her). Don’t forget to check


your local dispensary for word on extra special chocolate-covered strawberries as well!

2. POT LEAF JEWELRY Listen, if your girl really loves the ganja, chances are she won’t dump you for not getting her a diamond-encrusted Tiffany bracelet. There are tons of cute pieces of jewelry out there she can adorn herself with that won’t break the bank or hurt the environment. Try something young and in style such as the Mary Jane knuckle rings from For only $15 each, you can choose between gold, silver, rose gold, bronze, and gun metal. If you’re looking for something a little fancier try the 10K yellow gold women’s leaf ring from 24Diamonds. com, which will run you $99. Does your bohemian princess prefer more natural artsy materials over shine and glitter? Then head over to for custom hand-painted pot leaf necklaces shaped out of wood. These bulky pieces range from $35 for the 2015 versions to $50 for the reversible necklaces (greens on one side and a geometric rainbow pattern on the other side). Shipped from Indiana, the company is more than happy to customize the leaves into her favorite color and we have even seen

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a honeycomb pattern for all you dab-happy stoners.

3. HEMP CANDLES Candles are romantic because they set the mood and make the room smell nice. If your girlfriend digs that skunky smell, the Stinky Candle Co. has the perfect marijuana-scented candle for only $9.99 (we suggest you pair this gift with one or all of #4–7 on our list and make it a special night in). The company is known for odd, strongly scented candles such as bacon, pizza, and even urine. Don’t turn up your nose just yet because their slogan for the holiday claims Stinky Candles are “a unique way to say I love you. Also a unique way to say it’s been over for awhile and it’s starting to stink.” But, if you’d rather have a candle that masks the scent of your hobby, try Hempy’s “Hemp Love” candle for $32. It’s a candle that melts into massage hemp oil and comes in five delightful scents: chamomile bergamot, eucalyptus, lemon verbena, lavender, or lemon meringue. Make sure the oil has cooled down a bit before applying; the only thing that should be burning is a joint!

get your “ganjassage” oil from Mary Jane’s Medicinals which can be found in Colorado and California dispensaries. This body and massage oil comes in a four-ounce pump bottle for $35 and is also available in a smaller spray bottle for less. Loyal customers of the Mary Jane brand swear by the Heavenly Hash Bath as well, so make sure you check it out!

5. WEED-INSPIRED LINGERIE Getting her lingerie for Valentine’s Day is a win-win for everyone involved; she gets to rock a new set of underwear and you get to take it off. Cannabis Cake Clothing has quite a bit of panties and thongs to choose from, such as the black booty short with the slogan “Roll Your Weed On It” across the cheeks or the Pink Potleaf thong, all for $25 each. If your loved one is more liberal in both body and mind, she might like a cute set of felt pot leaf pasties from the BadBunny Shop. The pasties are covered in shiny sequins and have been seen on Miley Cyrus’ bits. The Connecticut-based etsy shop also sells pasties made to look like aliens, ice cream cones, and red hearts topped with little pink roses for $28 a pair.



The medical marijuana industry has gone beyond ingesting Cannabis with the creation of topical creams and oils and honestly what better way to help your lucky lady relax then by giving her a medicated rub down? The good folks at Apothecanna have you covered with a line of infused cream including an eight-ounce stimulating crème ($36) that is absorbed by the skin as cannabinoids. If your loved one happens to be a patient, she will surely appreciate a multi-use gift that will alleviate her aches (Apothecanna Pain Crème) or calm her anxiety during times of stress (Apothecanna Calming Crème). You can also

Yes they exist, and it was really only a matter of time. These “cannadoms” (www.cannadom. com) are actually green in color and not only scented to smell like weed, but also flavored to taste like a really fat blunt! Packaged in lime green, pot-leaf adorned wrappers, the condoms have been floating around the Internet as the first-of-its-kind novelty item. Made in the U.K., the condoms have been selling around the world — from Amsterdam to Indonesia — for roughly $2 a pop. At that price you could slip these in a valentine as a hopeful gag gift — no pun intended. You can also find “Blowdoms” for sale on ebay marked at $3.95 for a two-pack.




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These latex condoms are similar in color and flavor but come packaged in gold foil instead. Whichever one you chose, you’ll be keeping you and your partner safe just by keeping your “mouthpiece” wrapped.

7. WEED LUBE You know those people that think everything is better on weed (i.e. “Have you ever had sex? Have you ever had sex on weed?”)? Well maybe they have a point; Cannabis is known to heighten the senses, relax the body, and stimulate the mind after all. If you want to stimulate more than just her mind this Valentine’s Day, try Highgasm — an edible personal lubricant for both men and women. With 25mg of “pure cannabis essence”, the single-use packs contain 3 ml of lube in three flavors — original, cock-O-nut, and blowberry. You can find these in California collectives for around $7 each. Pair this with #6 on this list and, well, you know what to do….

8. GANJA-THEMED STUFFED BEARS A more innocent gesture, a teddy bear will make her feel as warm as a bowl of kush. You can order a small white plush bear wearing a pot leaf shirt off of for $20. There are also eco-friendly handcrafted teddy bears made by Barbara Vaughan on her Etsy shop. These bears come in either black or undyed hemp fur fabric and you can select the color of the bear’s ears, pads, and bow, which are all made out of twill hemp. With shipping, the bears will run you about $70 with half of the retail price going toward The National Center for Transgender Equality. To make this gift extra special, you can jazz either bear up by sticking pot-related pins to it or tying a personal pouch of pot to its paw.


9. GIRLY GLASS If your girlfriend is serious about her glass collection, get her something from Miss Mary Jane Co. she can brag about to her friend. The Denver-based boutique offers women’s apparel, accessories, and lots and lots of cute rigs, pipes, dabbers, and pendants from celebrated glassblowers. The rigs come in fun shapes like gumball machines ($264.99), strawberry frosted cupcakes ($149.99), and a clear 14mm martini glass complete with a green olive dome ($159.99 by Apollo Glassworks). The pendants are especially adorable and completely wearable that range in price from $50 to $310 for a glass heart-adorned chocolate pretzel made and signed by Saki Bomb Hacky Sacky. There are also unique glassware pieces like Sharpie Marker dabbers and Hello Kitty domes!

10. (DRIED) FLOWERS Flowers are always the best go-to Valentine’s Day (or any day really) gift for the special woman in your life — they’re pretty, they smell nice, and they probably cost a pretty penny. But forget getting her a dozen red roses that will wilt after a few days. If she likes to blow down on a daily basis then the best bouquet for her is a bag full of top-shelf bud. For a spa-like experience, go with Indica-heavy strains that will bring on a sense of deep, deeep relaxation. If you want to give her a boost of energy for some fun lovin’ later, go with an uplifting Sativa strain like Strawberry Cough or Alaskan Thunder Fuck (she’ll get the hint!) Not all girls have a sweet tooth, but if she does we recommend you pick out something as sweet as her such as Bubblegum or perhaps something fruity like Blackberry Kush. As long as the flowers you pick out are covered in frost and hairs, we’re sure she won’t miss the petals she can’t inhale. S

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Did Washington, D.C.

ALLY LEGALIZE CANNABIS? By Duff Kennedy Illustration by Tex Legal limbo The battle lines have been drawn. The District of Columbia approved Initiative 71 on Nov. 4, 2014 by 70 percent of the voters. It is not the overwhelming support that matters now — it’s the damn date it passed that could well make or break the deal. Initiative 71 legalizes small amounts of Cannabis for personal consumption but does not currently address sales or large-scale growing operations. People can grow Cannabis for themselves, and they can give it to someone else, but no financial transaction may yet take place. Though the clear voter intent was for the District Council to come together


and build a workable system to manage and regulate the sale of recreational Cannabis, what they got instead was a halfway measure. As Reason Magazine (a libertarian forum that has garnered the respect of those both left and right) so elegantly puts it, “if [the Initiative] takes effect, homegrown marijuana will be the only legal source, so Cannabis consumers who want to stay within the law but are not up to cultivating plants will have to cultivate friends who are.”

A blunt message The Omnibus Spending Bill of 2014 includes a rider inserted at the last minute by conservative Republican and ardent drug warrior Andy Harris (R-Md.) that leaves the matter in legal

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limbo. House Appropriations Committee Chairman Hal Rogers (R-Ky.) proclaims that the rider “prohibits both federal and local funds from being used to implement a referendum legalizing recreational marijuana use in the District.” Technically, he is correct.

its power to an elected and appointed body representing the voters of the District — in the same Federalist Paper, James Madison states that “a municipal legislature for local purposes, derived from their own suffrages, will of course be allowed them.”

According to Politico, “The House Republican who could end up undoing a District of Columbia voter referendum to legalize marijuana has a blunt message for residents of the capital city: If you don’t like it, move out. ‘That’s the way the Constitution was written,’ Representative Andy Harris said in an interview in early December. ‘If they don’t like that oversight, move outside of the federal district to one of the 50 states that is not covered by the jurisdiction of Congress as a whole.’”

Over the last 239 years, the District of Columbia has indeed been allowed an ever-increasing role in self-governance. Codified under the Home Rule Act of 1973, the District is now governed by an elected mayor and a 13-member Council. Each of the city’s eight wards elects a single member to the Council. Five members, including the chairman, are elected at large. The Council has the authority to pass local laws and ordinances; however, pursuant to the Home Rule Act, all legislation passed by the local government, including the city’s budget, are subject to the approval of Congress.

Who’s in charge in D.C.? How can the United States Congress move to deny and reverse such a decision made by the voters of Washington, D.C.? Article I, Section 8 of the United States Constitution states that Congress shall have the power “To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States.” The founding fathers made this provision under threat of war and rebellion and did not want the capital city to become a battleground. In the Federalist Paper No. 43, James Madison speaks of “exclusive legislation” as extending to the “erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dockyards, and other needful buildings.” The “exclusive legislation” clause, however, has since been interpreted to mean that Congress has supreme authority over the District. Nevertheless, the Founding Fathers did intend that Congress would delegate some of



Crystal clear muddy waters Representative Harris has a small band of cohorts in the Congress who plan to combat Initiative 71. Politico quotes three of them. “They [D.C. voters] may have a say, but not the complete say,” argues Senator John Hoeven, Republican of North Dakota. The conservative Republican Representative from Louisiana, Steve Scalise, the House Majority Whip, said when asked about reigning in D.C. Cannabis laws, “It’s a constitutional responsibility.” And Republican Representative Jason Chaffetz of Utah says, “Washington D.C. has a lot to offer. Recreational marijuana shouldn’t be one of them.” As you can see, this constitutes a small anti-Cannabis parade led by old school, prodrug-war Republicans. Not a single Democrat is on record opposing Initiative 71. The anti-Cannabis crew in Congress is betting on the large majority won by Republicans in November during the wave election. They are


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“ Washington D.C. has a lot to offer. Recreational marijuana shouldn’t be one of them.” – Republican Representative Jason Chaffetz of Utah

planning on bringing a joint resolution before Congress as soon as the new session begins on January 6th. Here is where the language of the rider attached to December’s spending bill applies…and which they intend to enforce. The Washington Times reported the following just days after the Omnibus Spending Bill passed: “A plan to regulate and tax marijuana in the District fell victim on Tuesday to federal budget negotiators, who inserted an amendment into a massive $1.1 trillion spending bill that effectively overturns a voterapproved initiative legalizing recreational use of the drug [Cannabis] in the District. The ‘rider,’ which Republicans had prior indicated they would attach to the spending bill, prohibits federal and local funds from being used to ‘enact or carry out any law, rule, or regulation to legalize or otherwise reduce penalties associated with the possession, use, or distribution of any Schedule I substance.’”

reporting. Or, perhaps it’s not so surprising — the Times is known as a conservative magazine in political circles. The Washington Post, known to be much more liberal, actually dominates the news coverage in Washington, D.C. The rider to which the Times refers is actually from the language of a similar rider that Rep. Harris submitted earlier last year. Indeed, it is very similar language, but thanks to Senate Democrats working hard behind the scenes, the Omnibus Bill of 2014 contains an ever-so-slight difference. Undeterred, Rep. Harris still stands by the rider, which actually proclaims, “None of the funds contained in the Act may be used to enact any law, rule, or regulation to legalize or otherwise reduce penalties associated with the possession, use, or distribution of any Schedule I substance.” Note the difference: The language in the rider that actually passed omits the three little words, “or carry out.”

Just three little words

Does this slight change to the language actually make any difference? Chairman Rogers doesn’t think so, as he now says the spending restriction

Quite surprisingly, it turns out the Washington Times was not entirely accurate in its


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It seems unlikely that the Republicans would even bother to bring D.C. Cannabis legalization up for a vote, especially since they have such a full plate on their schedule already. “prohibits both federal and local funds from being used to implement a referendum legalizing recreational marijuana use in the District.” However, the infinitives “to carry out” and “to implement” are synonyms, are they not? With the removal of the “carry out” language, the rider now only refers to enactment. The debate between Congress and the District has now been narrowed down by the passage of the Omnibus Bill and centers around this change in language. But why did Rep. Harris go along with the change in language in the first place? By way of background, his earlier rider was attached to a spending bill that was targeted at reversing the District’s decriminalization of Cannabis, which was enacted on July 17, 2014, and changed possession of up to an ounce from a misdemeanor to a citable offense punishable by a $25 fine. The Washington Times reports that Chris Meekins, Rep. Harris’s spokesman, said the “carrying out” phrase was removed from the Omnibus Bill in order to avoid confusion around whether the amendment would strike down the District’s current drug laws. “Over the summer when the initial rider emerged, pro-pot activists countered that, if the city was blocked from carrying out its new marijuana decriminalization policies, marijuana would become legal as a result.” At the time, Rep. Harris was bound and determined to stop the District from treating Cannabis possession in a way he considered too lenient, but now he has



given up on that battle. In fact, he was quoted recently as saying “decriminalization…is allowed under the Omnibus language.” According to an article in Reason, “Eleanor Holmes Norton, the District of Columbia’s congressional delegate, says that the difference in language could prove crucial, because Initiative 71, the D.C. ballot measure legalizing marijuana possession, home cultivation, and sharing, ‘was enacted when it was approved overwhelmingly by voters in November.’ The initiative’s elimination of penalties for specified marijuana-related activities is ‘self-executing,’ Norton says, requiring no additional legislation by the D.C. Council or by Congress. In other words, the event [Rep.] Harris seeks to prevent has already happened.” Nov. 4th, 2014 was the date of enactment.

A joint resolution? Harris and his cronies aren’t buying any of this. Reason goes on to say, “They claim that Initiative 71 will not take effect until it survives congressional review, which does not begin until D.C. Council Chairman Phil Mendelson officially submits the measure to Congress. At that point, Congress has 30 days to pass a joint resolution rejecting the initiative. If Congress fails to pass a resolution during the review period, the initiative takes effect automatically.” Hence, the date of enactment of Initiative 71 has yet to come, according to Harris.


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Which side is correct? The answer may be that they both are. To those of us outside the beltway, democracy is messy and inefficient, full of holes and contradictions, and nothing ever seems to get done. That, in and of itself, led to a system where the right to exercise popular will via ballot initiative became very popular. Not every state allows for initiatives, but those of us who live in states that do are thankful for it — Cannabis legalization in the four states that have passed it were done through an initiative process. This has become the model for advancing both medicinal and recreational Cannabis around the nation, especially in the West. The questions all of us want answered is whether or not Rep. Harris and his crew will garner enough support among Republicans to bring a joint resolution before Congress in the 30-day period after Chairman Mendelson submits Initiative 71 for review, and whether or not any such passage of the resolution will actually become law. For two reasons, it is arguably unlikely. First, not all Republicans are on board with Rep. Harris’s thinking. Most notably, Sen. Rand Paul from Kentucky, though a Republican, has made his libertarian philosophy known when it comes to drug legalization. Younger conservatives are beginning to question their loyalty to outdated moral-majority Republicans. On a host of social issues, questions of individual liberties and undue requirements imposed on local governances are changing minds. The Republicans are trying to stay relevant as issues of gay marriage and other more liberal causes have made their way into the mainstream of American public thinking. In stark contrast to the Harris rider, the Omnibus Bill also contains language regarding


medical marijuana introduced by Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, a Republican from California. His provision prohibits the Justice Department from spending any money to prevent the District of Columbia or the states from, “implementing…laws that authorize the use, distribution, possession, or cultivation of medical marijuana.” Republicans overall are beginning to take notice of the national polls indicating a majority of Americans now favor liberalization of our Cannabis laws. It seems unlikely that the Republicans would even bother to bring D.C. Cannabis legalization up for a vote, especially since they have such a full plate on their schedule already. The Republicans in Congress are much more interested in passing legislation regarding the President’s immigration policy, replacing Obamacare with a privatesector solution, and are now taking up the issue of the XL Keystone Pipeline. The second and most important reason that Congress will surely not take up the issue is a matter of the separation of powers defined by the U.S. Constitution. The president has to sign or veto legislation coming out of Congress. President Obama would surely veto any legislative bill to prevent Initiative 71 from becoming law…it’s as simple as that. As it stands now, Initiative 71 is law. Although the District may not allocate any funds to be used to set regulations and a system for taxation, that limitation only applies until the current spending bill expires on Sept. 30, 2015. By that time it will be too late for Congress to roll back the clock, politically speaking. Initiative 71 marks the first time that an Eastern territory has legalized Cannabis for recreational use. And the fact that it is the Nation’s capital should send shivers of delight to all who fight for Cannabis rights. S

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Canada’s antiCannabis Ad Targets Parents O Canada! Our friendly neighbors to the north are having as much difficulty as we are getting Cannabis legalized. According to UNICEF, Canadian youth boast the highest rates of Cannabis consumption in the developed world. As usual, hyper-vigilant parents are beating the teen use drum, and a recent ad campaign launched by “Healthy Canadians” targeting these parents began running on television last October. This ad has gone viral… it is so outlandish. The ad is government sponsored, many believing it comes directly from Health Canada, Canada’s government-run healthcare system. The ad begins with a brain that appears to be composed of glass tubing just like a bong. As the ad runs, you can see the glass tubing filling with smoke, becoming darker just as if filled



with resin. The ad proclaims that Cannabis is 300–400 percent stronger than it used to be, and that its use will cause loss of memory, learning problems, and decreased IQ. Then, this glass frame fills with smoke entirely as the brain fades into the distance. Finally, a voice-over: “Smoking marijuana — it can damage a teen for life.” We urge you to go to YouTube and look up the Canadian anti-pot ad. Click thumbs down if you don’t agree with the message. Users have already ranked the video with overwhelming thumbs down. Most Canadians came to the conclusion that this advertisement was run by the liberal government, but that the conservatives were the ones who put the pressure on the government to do so. It is being


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By Duff Kennedy Illustration by Tex

roundly mocked. Simultaneously, the Toronto-based Center for Addiction and Mental Health do agree that heavy Cannabis use is harmful to the developing brain, but their goal is to see Cannabis legalized and controlled just like alcohol. Their argument is a powerful one, and one that can be used in our own country; Cannabis legalization, the Center argues, would actually make it harder for kids to get a hold of it if sales were tightly controlled by the government. The liberal Leader Justin Trudeau, our version of a Democrat president, has come out in support of legalized Cannabis. Conservatives are ardently against it. American conservatives are also beating the drum. Ardent drug warriors in the U.S.


Congress are using the very same argument. They don’t seem to get the fact that because alcohol is so difficult for teens to get, they turn to Cannabis, which is not regulated at all, and is so easy to come by. Prohibition leads to black market expansion. The belief that outlawing a substance automatically leads to its eradication is a giant, and false, leap of faith. The Canadian public is well aware of the costs and benefits of Cannabis use; the advertisement put out by Healthy Canadians makes a mockery of the subject, and Canadians are roundly rejecting it. Such scare tactics lead to distrust of government, and the more ads put out by the “moral majority,” the more they are discredited. S

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By Diana Campos Illustration by Josh Clappe




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Coming to a town near you? We predict which states will legalize medical marijuana next.


ast year’s mid-term elections resulted in the victorious feat of more than doubling the amount of states in the United States where recreational marijuana is legal. To top that off, the United States government passed a budget bill that announced they would no longer raid or arrest those who comply with medical marijuana and hemp production laws, nor would they continue funding the DEA in such matters. Throughout 2014, we also saw three states — Maryland, Minnesota, and New York — legislate medical marijuana. All three states permit patients to possess a 30-day supply of medicine but only Maryland allows for that medicine to be in dried flower form (oil only in the other two states). That’s not to say that there weren’t a few upsets. Take Florida for example; the majority of the


Sunshine State (58 percent) voted in favor of Amendment 2 — Florida’s medical marijuana bill. Unfortunately, Florida requires 60 percent of votes to be in favor of a bill before it can pass. And even though the country’s capital voted for and passed recreational marijuana, the same budget bill that will no longer fund DEA raids will also not be funding the implementation of the new legalization measure. That having been said, the push for Cannabis reform across the board is expected to at the very least continue its momentum with more states decriminalizing and legalizing marijuana for both medical and recreational reasons. There are many news stories predicting the next states to open up their own pot shops, but for those of you patiently awaiting legal access to the plant for medicinal use, Indica Magazine presents a list of states where green crosses are expected to start

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popping up next. We start with the most obvious:

Florida Although the mostly Republican state failed to pass its medical marijuana measure last year, the fact that more Floridians in support of the bill turned out than those opposed to it speaks volumes. It would be unfair to suggest the state is incapable of passing a similar bill within a year or two and believe you me they are already gearing up to give it another shot — one they hope will stick this time around. A large part of why Florida did not pass Amendment 2 was due to the fact that its opposition — “NO on 2” — was overwhelmingly funded by a questionable anti-pot group (read “The Results Are In” in our December issue). It was most certainly not for lack of citizen approval as most of Florida obviously wants medical marijuana legalized. Had the measure passed, it would have allowed for “the medicinal use of marijuana for individuals with debilitating diseases as determined by a licensed Florida physician.” It would have also made Florida the 24th state to officially legalize medical marijuana.


espite this loss, the Sunshine State did show progression earlier last year when Governor Rick Scott signed SB 1030; otherwise known as “The Compassionate Medical Cannabis Act of 2014”, the bill allows for specific use of Cannabis strains low in THC — the psychoactive component — such as Charlotte’s Web (another nickname for this act). And even though the pro-vote in November was too low to be effective, it was reported as being at a whopping 88% at one point. The same pro-Cannabis group is running the


2015 campaign, which is gaining more support from significant political figures such as Lieutenant Governor Jeff Kottkamp (R). They are determined to pass a medical marijuana measure by 2016, whether it be by statute or as a constitutional amendment. The hope is that the state legislature will take the fact that the majority of Florida voters said “yes to 2” into consideration, as they should.

Ohio On January 19, the group Responsible Ohio announced details about an amendment that, if passed, would have a medical marijuana program up and running as early as the summer of 2016. The measure would permit ten regulated grow sites (this number is subject to increase) and five testing facilities. To help put the issue on the ballot, several investors — said to be future grow site operators if the bill passes — have come out of the woodwork. The suggested measure already faces opposition from groups like the Drug Free Action Alliance, but recent polls conducted by state universities show that more than 80% of Ohioans support medical marijuana. The amendment would treat marijuana like liquor in some ways: users, like drinkers, would have to be 21 or older and dispensaries would have to obtain voter approval from within their precincts in order to get a license. As far as taxes, the measure has taken pages from Colorado’s and Washington’s recreational laws — collect taxes from retail stores and manufacturers and distribute specific portions to municipal governments, addiction prevention programs, and marijuana research. It also includes the possibility of tax-free marijuana to low-income patients that qualify. Patients would be able to purchase up to one ounce of pot and,

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unlike Colorado, would allow for the same limitations on out-of-towners.

Arkansas Two groups in 2014, Arkansans for Compassionate Care 2014 and Arkansas for Responsible Medicine, brought forth medical marijuana measures. The former measure, Issue 5, was defeated by a slim margin. The latter decided early on to switch its focus to legislation in 2016 in order to garner enough support to carry the bill. The group has already been approved for signature gathering by Attorney General Dustin McDaniel, and they need a total of 62,507 signatures to put the edited measure before voters in 2016. The new measure is mostly the same as the 2014 version titled the Arkansas Medical Cannabis Act except for two important changes: (1) the list of qualifying conditions has expanded and (2) patients are no longer able to grow at home without a hardship cultivation license (available to those who live 20 miles or more from a dispensary). Arkansas has tried and fallen just short of passing medical marijuana measures in the past, but not by very much. The hope that the gap can be bridged is a plausible one as the Cannabis reform movement gains more and more support in conservative regions of the nation.

Pennsylvania In September of last year, both Pennsylvania’s House and Senate passed separate medical marijuana measures. The original Senate bill, SB 1182 (which in reality is a cut down version of a cut down version written in 2009), would have legalized edibles and vaped Cannabis for a broad range of medical conditions, but it was replaced with a watered down addition to a prescription drug act that was ultimately


stymied. The House bill wasn’t even mentioned.


t seems Pennsylvania’s Congress has a history of picking apart or ignoring any Cannabis reform bill put out before them. The state was able to pass decriminalization late last year when Philadelphia’s Mayor, Michael Nutter, signed a bill to issue civil citations rather than jail time for small amounts of Cannabis. With that in the bag, Pennsylvania has started the new year strong with a freshly elected governor, Tom Wolf, an outspoken medical marijuana supporter who plans to sign any medical marijuana bill that comes his way. If only Congress would stop sending bills so heavily edited that they are no longer sufficiently effective. Even so, Pennsylvania’s population has proven that they are more than capable of electing officials dedicated to the reformation of current Cannabis laws.

Kentucky The state of Kentucky has been taking noticeable strides in their acceptance of the Cannabis plant in general. In 2013, the state’s general assembly passed SB 50 which removed industrial hemp from the state’s controlled substances act. Then, in February of 2014, the Federal Farm Bill also become law, forming the Kentucky Department of Agriculture Industrial Hemp Program. Last year, Kentucky’s universities grew the state’s first crop of legal hemp in years, which is intended to be used for research. As with hemp’s cousin, Kentucky seems to be going in the right direction in permitting its use for medical purposes, albeit at its own pace. Last session the state was able to pass the CBD-only bill, HB 350; the new law allows Cannabidiol oil to be used by patients who suffer from reoccurring seizures. Efforts were

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made to broaden the aforementioned law but failed to come to fruition. This year, House Speaker Greg Stumbo is sponsoring a bill named after him that would mandate the Department of Health to regulate dispensaries and issue medical marijuana I.D.s to patients that qualify. HB 3 or “Stumbo’s Bill” is rather restrictive and would not permit personal grows nor would it allow patients to smoke bud in its unprocessed form. The bill’s own supporters do not expect it to pass this year, but remain hopeful for 2016 or 2017. With support for medical marijuana from citizens reported to be as high as 78% in recent years, Kentucky will continue to build a stronger foundation for the passage of medical marijuana.

Indiana With almost half of America’s states offering some form of legalized medical marijuana, it was only a matter of time before the country’s most restrictive states started jumping on the budwagon. Currently, marijuana laws are considered harsh; possession of even small amounts can result in up to a year in prison (2x the maximum sentence in Texas) and a $5000 fine. Even so, a survey conducted by the Bowen Center in 2013 reported that roughly half of Indiana’s citizens support decriminalization and almost 80% believe marijuana should be taxed like tobacco. Last December, the Indiana University announced it would be conducting a survey on the effects of marijuana on the brains of users, thus proving the state’s further interest in the subject. More recently, two bills that would legalize medical marijuana in this strict state have



surfaced. The first is Senate Bill 284 that would allow patients and caregivers to possess a set amount of product as recommended by a licensed physician; it would also create the Department of Marijuana Enforcement — or DOME — to regulate the program. The second is House Bill 1487, which would define qualifying medical conditions and offer protection to the physicians who would “prescribe” Cannabis to patients that qualify.


upport does not seem to be overwhelmingly pro-pot, but the state at least appears to be open-minded. It’s doubtful the measures will pass in 2015, but we can keep our fingers crossed for Indiana in the next coming years.

Georgia And alas, we come to Georgia, which at the start of this project seemed to be one of the most promising states next in line to establish a medical marijuana system — next to Florida. In November, State Representative Allen Peake pre-filed the Haleigh’s Hope Act, which would permit CBD-rich Cannabis extractions in pill, liquid, or injectable form for citizens with certain debilitating illnesses. The bill was reportedly backed by Georgia’s governor Nathan Deal, which came as shock when just last month, Rep. Peake folded, leaving the bill all but destroyed except for one part — immunity for families in possession of CBD oil for their sick children. So Georgians in need can have extracted oil in their homes, but they have no way to acquire the oil and bring it home legally. The bill does, however, require research into creating a regulatory system due later this year which, if approved, has the potential of being set up in 2016.


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Georgians in need can have extracted oil in their homes, but they have no way to acquire the oil and bring it home legally. On the other hand, Senator Curt Thompson played two measures — SB 6 and SB 7 — to be introduced in this year’s session. SB 7, or the “Controlled Substances Therapeutic Relief Act,” would allow for state licensed Cannabis production and distribution facilities to provide supplies for medical marijuana patients. In order to pass, the amendment requires popular voter approval. Well...with Georgia, we Cannabis enthusiasts have gotten pretty good at holding our breath.

Decriminalization before medical marijuana It is highly unlikely for a state to pass medical marijuana before it passes some major form of decriminalization, which is the only reason Texas did not make the list of states expected to pass a medical marijuana amendment in 2015 or 2016. The Lone Star State’s Cannabis reform movement has made headlines with its continued growth and plans to introduce a series of bills starting with decriminalization followed by a medical bill followed by a recreational bill. The plan is for Texas to have a fully operational recreational market for marijuana by 2019. Another honorable mention is the U.S. Virgin Islands, which decriminalized Cannabis in December. Indeed, 2014 was a big year for the reformation of Cannabis. Ten states passed measures similar to “Charlotte’s Web,” which limits the amount of THC in extractions that are to be used by a very limited subgroup of

patients. Alabama’s own version, “Carly’s Law”, is expected to lengthen its own list of qualifying conditions. There are also several states, like Kansas and Mississippi, that have failed to pass their own versions of medical marijuana several years in a row, but that will continue trying in this, and the coming years, as voter approval grows. This awareness is seen in states like Utah that plans on, at the very least, studying the effects of Cannabis oil, and in Iowa, whose Pharmacy Board has recommended CBD to be rescheduled as a Schedule II substance. And finally, we come to Nebraska (yes you read that right). The same state, which just this past December decided it was going to sue Colorado over its recreational marijuana laws, announced plans to introduce its own Cannabis reform measure just one month later! Along with Oklahoma, the two states have left a taste much sourer than Sour Diesel in the mouths of Cannabis aficionados nationwide. Claiming that America’s Amsterdam violates marijuana bans and drains law enforcement resources in other states, both state governments have actively arrested their own citizens for coming back from Colorado with pot. If the Cannabis Compassion and Care Act passes, Nebraska would have its own regulated medical marijuana program including provisions that would allow patients to grow 12 plants and possess six ounces of the herb. Let’s just hope Nebraska makes up its right mind. S














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