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Corruption Exposed: Shining Light in Dark Places

Zimbabwe’s Howard Hospital Offers Hope

Sensational Snapshots of Ministry in Kelowna

Salvationist The Voice of the Army 

Strike Up the Band

November 2013

Students forge friendships and develop skills at National Music Camp 1 I April 2012 I Salvationist


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November 2013 No. 90 www.salvationist.ca E-mail: salvationist@can.salvationarmy.org

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Departments 3 4 Editorial Melody Makers by Geoff Moulton

5 Around the Territory 9 Mission Matters

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17 Spiritual Disciplines

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4 Life Revitalize Your Prayer by Major Gail Winsor

24 Cross Culture 25 Celebrate Community Cert no. XXX-XXX-XXXX

Enrolments and recognition, tributes, gazette, calendar

Future-Proofing the Army PRODUCT FOREST STEWARDSHIP COUNCIL The Storyteller by Commissioner Brian PeddleLABELING GUIDE The Churchman and the Street Talking It Over Person Corruption Exposed by Major Fred Ash by James Read and Ties That Bind Aimee Patterson Purity in a Sex-Driven World Snapshots of Ministry by Major Kathie Chiu It Takes a Village Cover photo: Kristin Ostensen by Melissa Yue Wallace; photos by Chris Stanford

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Features 8 Welcome to the Heralds of Grace

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Territory’s newest cadets embark on two years of training by Major Brenda Allen

10 Art of Worship

Youth develop skills and form friendships at National Music Camp by Kristin Ostensen

18 Zimbabwe: An Ongoing Story of Hope

The Salvation Army’s Howard Hospital in Chiweshe offers medical care to thousands by Major Sandra Welch

22 A Soldier’s Prayer

Salvationist Peter Houghton bravely served God and others in the trenches of the First World War An excerpt from R.G. Moyles’ Glory! Hallelujah!: The Innovative Evangelism of Early Canadian Salvationists

Inside Faith & Friends Revolutionary Road

Jennifer Lawrence gives hope to the oppressed in The Hunger Games: Catching Fire

Tea in the Trenches

The Salvation Army was a welcome sight to a young Canadian soldier in the First World War

After the Flood

Rebuilding lives in High River, Alta.

Tackling Faith

NFL safety James Ihedigbo has always risen to challenges

Share Your Faith When you finish reading Faith & Friends, FAITH & frıends pull it out and give it to someone who needs to Game Changer hear about Christ’s life+ changing  power November 2013

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Inspiration for Living

Jennifer Lawrence takes a stand in The Hunger Games: Catching Fire

TANZANIAN DREAMS

A FIRST WORLD WAR VETERAN’S LAST WISH

FIRE AND WATER: The Salvation Army Gives Hope in Lac-Mégantic and Alberta

Salvationist.ca Keeping up-to-date has never been easier! Visit salvationist.ca on your mobile device or personal computer for the latest territorial and international news and feature articles on pressing issues that affect Salvationists

in dialogue with fellow Salvationists and friends of the Army. We would love to hear from you

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Melody Makers

usic is a deeply engrained part of our Salvation Army heritage. From the melodic sounds of the band, to the rattling of timbrels, to the angelic voices of choirs, music is our way of connecting with each other and with our Creator God. It also refreshes our spirits. German novelist Berthold Auerbach observed, “Music washes away from the soul the dust of everyday life.” Not surprisingly, the passion for music starts young in the Army. Junior bands and youth choirs still flourish across the territory. Part of the reason is the strength of music camps, which continue to nurture budding musicians. Some of my most formational moments occurred at music camps in Ontario. I can still feel the butterflies in my stomach as I stood on the platform of the auditorium at Jackson’s Point Camp to fumble my way through a cornet solo. And I recall kneeling at a row of chairs at Camp Glenhuron, in the blinding glare of the overhead projector light, giving my life to Jesus. At my corps, too, music has always been an important part of worship and witness. I remember when the North Toronto Youth Band flew to Labrador City, N.L., in the late 1980s for a cultural exchange. We blew our horns during the day and raced snowmobiles at night. In later years, our corps performed the Gowans and Larsson musicals Spirit and Jesus Folk that told the story of the early church. I played the role of the impulsive Apostle Peter. The highlight of the year for me, of course, was always National Music Camp, where memories were made and friendships forged. Bandmasters and choir leaders drew out the best in us— both musically and spiritually. In this issue of Salvationist, you can read about the continuing success of National Music Camp (see page 10). In the words of one attendee, it’s a place where “everybody’s connected.” That’s what music does— it brings people together. Music is a good metaphor for how we do ministry. Each instrument must play its part well in order for the music to stay in tune. And to avoid descending into chaos, the musicians must look to the conductor, God, who 4 I November 2013 I Salvationist

provides direction. In Salvationist, our goal is to highlight and bring together the Army’s various threads of ministry and blend them into a harmonious whole. One way we aim to do this is by introducing a new department entitled Snapshots of Ministry, a photo essay that will highlight the great work of the Army in communities across the territory (see page 14). British Columbia’s Kelowna Community Church is the focus of the first instalment, with its rich variety of community programming. If you know of a congregation or social-services ministry that should be featured, let us know. In addition, Major Sandra Welch profiles the Army’s work at Howard Hospital in Zimbabwe (see page 18). The Canada and Bermuda Territory is providing a sustainability fund to ensure that the hospital continues its vital ministry to tens of thousands of Zimbabweans each month. God is at work in our midst. Your stories are proof of that. It’s enough to put a song in your heart. Come, let us sing for joy to the Lord; let us shout aloud to the rock of our salvation (Psalm 95:1). 

GEOFF MOULTON Editor-in-Chief

Salvationist

is a monthly publication of The Salvation Army Canada and Bermuda Territory André Cox General Commissioner Brian Peddle Territorial Commander Lt-Colonel Jim Champ Secretary for Communications Geoff Moulton Editor-in-Chief Melissa Yue Wallace Features Editor (416-467-3185) Pamela Richardson News Editor, Production Co-ordinator, Copy Editor (416-422-6112) Kristin Ostensen Associate Editor and Staff Writer Timothy Cheng Art Director Ada Leung Circulation Co-ordinator Ken Ramstead Contributor Agreement No. 40064794, ISSN 1718-5769. Member, The Canadian Church Press. All Scripture references from the Holy Bible, Today’s New International Version (TNIV) © 2001, 2005 International Bible Society. Used by permission of International Bible Society. All rights reserved worldwide. All articles are copyright The Salvation Army Canada and Bermuda Territory and can be reprinted only with written permission.

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Mission

The Salvation Army exists to share the love of Jesus Christ, meet human needs and be a transforming influence in the communities of our world. Salvationist informs readers about the mission and ministry of The Salvation Army in Canada and Bermuda. salvationist.ca salvationist@can.salvationarmy.org facebook.com/salvationistmagazine twitter.com/salvationist


AROUND THE TERRITORY

Birthday Girls Give Gifts of Hope TWO 11-YEAR-OLD GIRLS from New Liskeard, Ont., have found a unique way to contribute to the Army’s Gifts of Hope campaign. For their birthdays this year, Jenna Morin and Kaitlyn Allen decided that instead of receiving gifts, they would rather give them. “We received a phone call from Tracy Morin, Jenna’s mom, who explained that the girls wanted to use their joint birthday party to help others,” says Captain Mark Braye, corps officer, Temiskaming Community Church. “After some dialogue, the Gifts of Hope campaign was chosen.” Instead of presents, the girls asked the 25 friends who attended the party to bring monetary donations. In total, they received $502 for Gifts of Hope.

“Jenna and Kaitlyn were prompted by something they were learning about in school,” explains Captain Braye. “They were studying about water crises in other countries around the world and felt like they specifically wanted to help children and support children’s health.” “The girls were so excited and so proud to be helping others,” says Captain Nancy Braye, corps officer, who met with the girls and their mothers after the party. Reflecting on the idea and the party, both Jenna and Kaitlyn felt it was “better to help people than get gifts.” When the girls brought the money to the Army, they also selected the gifts they wished to purchase, which included goats, chickens, water wells, disaster relief and more.

Jenna Morin and Kaitlyn Allen, with Cpt Nancy Braye, donate $502 to The Salvation Army’s Gifts of Hope campaign

100 Years of Ministry in Birchy Bay

Ball Hockey Brings Community Together

BIRCHY BAY CORPS, N.L., reached its century milestone this year and marked the occasion with special meetings, enrolments and an anniversary dinner. Majors Dale and Glenys Pilgrim, director of field education and director of personnel at the Army’s College for Officer Training in Winnipeg, returned to Birchy Bay as special guests, having once been the corps officers there. Accompanying them from the college were Cadet Norman Porter, who has roots in Birchy Bay, and Cadets Daniel and Bhreagh Rowe. During the holiness meeting, Major Dale Pilgrim enrolled Rebecca Morgan as a junior soldier, while Ashley Foster was enrolled as a senior soldier at the salvation meeting. An anniversary dinner was held at the local recreation centre, which was decorated by corps member Harold Canning. “His artwork amazed everyone,” says Captain Anthony Stokes, corps officer. Completing the anniversary celebrations was the cutting of the cake. On this occasion, the honour went to Morgan, the youngest junior soldier, her greatgrandmother Mary Canning, the corps’ oldest senior soldier, and Florence Layte, the corps longestenrolled soldier.

IN AN EFFORT to reach out to the community and revitalize its ministry, Essex Community Church, Ont., introduced a ball-hockey program this summer. Twenty children participated in the non-competitive program, which ran on Tuesday evenings in July and August and was led by corps and community volunteers. Assistance with the program was provided by Bob Johnston from Athletes in Action. The program wrapped up with a family barbecue and visit from retired CFL player Arjei Franklin who lives in nearby Windsor, Ont. Franklin shared his story and faith with a group of children before assisting with the presentation of personalized medallions, posing for pictures and signing autographs. “Several parents thanked us for the program and the kids can’t wait to come back next summer,” says Lieutenant Kristen Gray, corps officer. Until then, the corps has a weekly “messy church” program to help the children stay connected to the corps.

Mary Canning, Rebecca Morgan and Florence Layte cut the anniversary cake at Birchy Bay Corps

Twenty children participate in a summer ball hockey program at Essex CC Salvationist I November 2013 I 5


AROUND THE TERRITORY

Second World War Veteran Honours Salvation Army HANGING OUTSIDE THE dining room at the Perley and Rideau Veterans’ Health Centre in Ottawa is a small, framed display containing black-and-white photos of The Salvation Army’s Red Shield Services during the Second World War. The display arrived in time for Remembrance Day and was important to resident and war veteran Frank Owen, 93, who served in the army with the 28th Canadian Armoured Regiment from 1939 to 1946. “At any station in town, The Salvation Army was there with coffee or directions on where to go,” says Owen. “The Salvation Army was always there if the

soldiers needed them.” Owen served as a technical adjutant in charge of all vehicles and the armoured corps squadron leader. He trained troops in Canada and England and then served in France, Germany and the Netherlands. After completing his service with the army, a new chapter began in Owen’s life. “My whole life changed when I married my wife, Mollie,” he says. “It was the best thing I ever did!” Owen stayed in touch with a few of his comrades and they have shared funny stories together over the years. But November 11 will always remain a sombre and personal time for Owen.

When asked what it means to him, he says, “Remembering fallen friends and also remembering The Salvation Army.”

Veteran Frank Owen proudly displays a tribute to The Salvation Army

Bethany Hope Centre Opens Playground THE SALVATION ARMY’S Bethany Hope Centre in Ottawa has officially opened a new playground for young parents and their children. Supported by the Catherine and Maxwell Meighen Family Foundation, the playground was designed by Earthscape. The playground brings in elements of nature and includes slides, a music station, a water feature and a rock-and-rope climber. A tricycle track surrounds the perimeter. “Young children get a ‘woodsy’ experience right in the city,” says Major Brenda Cole, executive director, Bethany Hope Centre. “And the playground has some risk elements built in to help the children build self-confidence and resiliency as they play.” Major Cole says the centre has received positive feedback about the playground from members of the community. “People are thrilled with the design and concept,” she notes.

DID YOU KNOW?

… the Army’s annual Santa Shuffle and Elf Walk will be held in 39 communities across Canada on December 7? Visit santashuffle. ca to learn more and register … the Army in Alberta now has more than 4,000 pairs of socks to give to those in need, thanks to the Telus “Socks for SOX” initiative? Two thousand pairs went to Edmonton’s community and family services, 1,200 went to Calgary’s Centre of Hope and 1,000 went to the Army’s disaster assistance centre in High River … last year, The Salvation Army served 93,000 meals through school breakfast programs? … Salvation Army National Recycling Operations thrift stores across the territory collected more than $30,000 to aid survivors of the flooding disaster in Alberta and the train derailment in Lac-Mégantic, 6 I November 2013 I Salvationist

Ottawa’s Bethany Hope Centre has a new playground for children

Que.? These donations will help the Army provide practical support in these areas … the Ont. GL Div has launched a new divisional strategic plan? The plan, entitled The Salvation Army “In Community,” can be viewed online at bit.ly/1504kzx … Victoria’s Westsong CC participated in a chili cook-off for charity organized by the local Rotary Club and took home first prize for best-judged chili? … a benefit dinner held in New Tecumseh, Ont., raised almost $2,100 to help victims of the recent factory collapse in Bangladesh? Proceeds from the dinner, organized by local businessman Dan Smith and attended by 100 guests, will support The Salvation Army’s relief work in that country … the Army’s Haven of Hope Ministries in Regina gave away 700 backpacks to needy children through its back-to-school

backpack program this fall? … a website dedicated to the Army’s 150th anniversary congress, to be held July 1-5, 2015, is now online? Visit boundless2015. org for more information on this exciting event … Project Comp-U-Give, a partnership between The Salvation Army, Western University and a family in London, Ont., gave away computers to eight families in need this September? Project Comp-UGive teaches families basic computer skills and provides them with a free computer when they leave … a flea market held by The Salvation Army in Quebec City in August raised $3,250 for the Army’s local homeless shelters? … The Salvation Army’s 2012/2013 territorial annual review is now available online? Visit salvationarmy.ca for details


AROUND THE TERRITORY

Hampden Corps Celebrates 86 Years HAMPDEN, N.L., RECENTLY celebrated its 86th anniversary with two special Sunday services. The morning service was led by Major Leighton Patey, corps officer, while the evening service was led by Majors Wayne and Betty Ann Pike, corps officers, Deer Lake Corps, N.L. “Both services were well attended and an inspiration to all,” says Major Patey. “Hampden Corps is alive and well.” Logan Guy was enrolled as a junior soldier during the evening service, which was followed by a time of fellowship. Guy and Audrey Pynn, the most senior soldier in the corps, shared in the cutting of the anniversary cake.

Mjr Leighton Patey, Audrey Pynn, Logan Guy and Mjrs Betty Ann and Wayne Pike attend Hampden Corps’ anniversary celebrations

Donation Aids High River SINCE SEVERE FLOODING hit High River, Alta., in June, causing extensive town-wide damage, The Salvation Army has been on the scene, providing practical and spiritual care to affected residents. In August, the Army received a boost from the W. Garfield Weston Foundation, which donated $75,000 to further the Army’s work in High River. The foundation’s donation was presented to Captain Pam Goodyear, divisional secretary for public relations and development, Alberta and Northern Territories Division. The foundation’s Mark Mitchell, along with management from High River’s Extra Foods, gathered at the Army’s disaster assistance centre on August 13 to witness first-hand the Army’s flood relief efforts. The donation will help provide ongoing assistance to those affected by the floods.

The Army’s flood relief efforts in High River receive a boost from the W. Garfield Weston Foundation, courtesy of Mark Mitchell (centre)

Marjory Watson, Soloist, United Kingdom Ian Sadler, Organist The Festival Chorus with Canadian Staff Band, John Lam, Bandmaster

Saturday, December 14th, 2013 - 7:30p.m. Roy Thomson Hall, 60 Simcoe Street, Toronto

Tickets from $15 to $25 available at roythomson.com or call RTH Box Office 416-872-4255 Presented by Ontario Central East Division

CwTSA Print.indd 1

1:57:21 PM Salvationist I 8/1/2013 November 2013 I 7


Welcome to the Heralds of Grace

Territory’s newest cadets embark on two years of training

Photos: Carson Samson

BY MAJOR BRENDA ALLEN

The Heralds of Grace Session

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ith eagerness and some apprehension, 14 cadets marched into Winnipeg’s Southlands Community Church on September 15 to be welcomed as members of the Heralds of Grace Session. Representing well our vast territory, they joined with family and friends under the leadership

of Commissioners Brian and Rosalie Peddle, territorial commander and territorial president of women’s ministries, and Colonels Mark and Sharon Tillsley, chief secretary and territorial secretary for women’s ministries. Weekend events commenced that morning at the College for Officer

Cadets lead a time of worship during welcome service

Cdts Donna and Ian Rabourn salute Commissioner Brian Peddle

8 I November 2013 I Salvationist

Training (CFOT) with worship through word and song under the theme of grace in honour of the cadets’ sessional name. All in attendance were reminded of God’s firm grip of grace as Commissioner Rosalie Peddle spoke on 1 Timothy 2:12-17. During the joy-filled afternoon public march-in of the cadets, Commissioner Brian Peddle shared from John 1:1-8, challenging the congregation to live lives of grace in response to Christ. Testimonies were given by Cadets Ian Rabourn and Michelle Cale, each bearing witness to the uniqueness of their call to become Salvation Army officers. Cadet Rabourn shared how he accepted Christ during high school when a friend invited him to a youth group. His desire to serve God full time came when he was introduced to The Salvation Army in Kelowna, B.C. Cadet Cale shared of growing up at Victoria Citadel and later attending Westsong Community Church in Victoria, and finally responding to God’s call to officership. Colonels Tillsley added personal touches of encouragement through word and prayer. Winnipeg’s Heritage Park Temple Band and CFOT worship team provided musical support. A unique luncheon was served following the welcome event, complete with Salvation Army bobble heads and different foods with creative names such as the “international salarmi” cheese and crackers in honour of William Booth and “aggressive Christianity coffee” in honour of Evangeline Booth. Live-streaming of the welcome meeting allowed Salvationists and friends from across the territory and around the world to join in the prayers of consecration. Major Brenda Allen is the training officer at Winnipeg’s CFOT.

Cdts Yves Bolduc and Vivian Mag-Aso march in with son, Mark


MISSION MATTERS

Future-Proofing the Army

Invest in youth now to ensure your congregation thrives in 20 years BY COMMISSIONER BRIAN PEDDLE

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ome days I wish I had a crystal ball. Wouldn’t you like to know that what you hope for now will become a reality in the future? I am not talking about God’s ultimate promise of eternity but about the future of the church and, more specifically, the next few generations. What do you see when you envision your congregation in 20 years? Is your gathered church just for you or does it include those who will come into adulthood in 2033? Commissioner Rosalie Peddle and I meet different congregations—big, small, rural and urban—each Sunday. We meet the most wonderful congregants and rarely is there any need for a negative critique except the haunting question, “Where will they be in 10 or 20 years?” In late August, I attended the final program of the National Music Camp, where 180 youth participated in brass, vocal, worship teams, film, drama, timbrels and other forms of ministry (see page 10). Frankly, it was overwhelming and inspiring. In my devotions at the final program, I used words I heard earlier in the week: “Some would say the Army is dying. I would say, not tonight!” A glimpse of our potential future was all around me. The Evangelical Fellowship of Canada (EFC) released a study last year, Hemorrhaging Faith, that took a snapshot of the church landscape across the nation in relation to our young adults. The study was a wake-up call to every denomination, including The Salvation Army. Beyond the statistics and doomand-gloom, there was a concise and practical overture as to how we might reverse trends and capture the hearts and minds of our youth once again. It appeared to me that the challenge, though formidable, was not impossible. In fact, our expression of the body of Christ seemed well-positioned to engage with the passionate hearts of our youth. The EFC noted that to stop the hemorrhage and secure the future, we have to deepen our discipleship initiatives, appeal to youths’

Keep the flag flying: Logan Guy is a junior soldier in Hampden, N.L.

“Some would say the Army is dying. I would say, not tonight!” existing passion to be positive influences in their communities, engage them in a mission experience both home and abroad, and ensure they feel comfortable asking penetrating questions. But where are the champions for our youth? Aside from the ordained and hired, who is stepping into the gap where role models are scarce, mentors are few and Christian influences are reduced to an occasional encounter at an organized event? I am the product of the investment of other people—many of whom were my youth leaders. Bless those who step up and out into this strange world that we call the youth culture of today. We need “boots on the ground” in corps across the territory. I want to be a catalyst for futureproofing the Army. Not only with functional property, appropriate programs and a strong financial base, but also with young, creative, talented,

mission-minded people who will make the Army their home, serve in their corps and work in the Army’s social services. But I know I can’t do this alone. Can I, with respect, make an accusation? Our young people frequent our camps, youth councils and area youth gatherings and often return to their home corps alone, isolated and destined to be absent and lost, at least to the Army. In every setting, as Salvationists we must be willing to inspire youth to use their talents, ignite and fuel their passion and trust them to lead. Some are saying that one of the conditions of our corps’ existence should be measured by their active and fruitful youth ministry. Some corps and youth leaders have this figured out and are already experiencing God’s blessing through youth ministry. But how does your corps stack up? What can you do? How can we futureproof our Army? Commissioner Brian Peddle is the territorial commander of the Canada and Bermuda Territory. Salvationist I November 2013 I 9


Art of Worship Youth develop skills and form friendships at National Music Camp

Photos: Kristin Ostensen

BY KRISTIN OSTENSEN, STAFF WRITER

David Vos, Matt van Gulik, John Rawlins and Nathan Allen become better musicians at National

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eep your lamps trimmed and burning … the time is drawing in nigh!” The final notes of the bluesy spiritual fill the room. All eyes are on the conductor. She holds on just long enough, then gives the signal, the song ends and a collective smile comes over the 60 youth assembled for mixed chorus at National Music Camp. It’s a satisfying end to a 40-minute practice, one the youth attend daily while they’re at camp. At The Salvation Army’s National Music Camp, held annually in August in Jackson’s Point, Ont., the days are 10 I November 2013 I Salvationist

jam-packed. Between breakfast at 8 a.m. and vespers at 11:50 p.m., campers attend band and choir rehearsals, worship and Bible-teaching services, and electives that include everything from timbrels to conducting to yoga. Not that National is all work and no play—far from it. Ask one of this year’s 180 campers how they’d describe their experience, and one of the first words you’ll hear is “fun.” “Everyone’s really nice here and there’s always something to do,” says Jessica Braund, 18, from Winnipeg. “You learn about God and it’s a lot of fun.”

Playing With Purpose National aims to equip Salvationists aged 16 to 30 to serve God through the ministries of their local corps, and one of the ways it achieves this is through skill development. Campers don’t need to be experts to come to National—the camp features bands and choruses for various skill levels. “I’ve gotten so much better at my trombone this week,” says Nathan Allen, 16, from Winnipeg. “I didn’t play much before coming to National, but here I’ve been playing at least twice a day and learning so much. When I get back


home, I hope to join one of the bands at my corps.” “I’m really enjoying the vocal ensemble elective,” says Braund. “We’re singing some amazing songs and it’s a smaller group of people, so you get to challenge your skills.” As well as developing musical ability, the camp emphasizes spiritual formation and growth. This year, Bible teaching was provided by Major Keith Pike, territorial youth secretary. “Every year, I’ve found the Bible time really valuable,” says Victoria Pinson, 19, from Guelph, Ont., who has attended National four times. “This year, we’re learning about kings of the Old Testament—stories I’ve known since Sunday school, but I’m getting to see everything in a different way.” Braund agrees. “I always bring home the Bible booklet that we get at National and use it as a personal devotional guide because, looking through it again, I can learn new things every time,” she says. “It helps me remember not to lose my fire for God after I leave camp.” For Elissa Zelinsky, 16, from Toronto, the small-group time following each morning’s teaching session is particularly helpful. “I’ve taken something away from each of Major Pike’s Bible studies, and when we go into our small groups and discuss them, I feel like I have a lot to say,” she says. “I grow more spiritually with God at camp, and then take that back to church and into the school year.” One of the highlights of the week is Spiritual Night on Thursday, or “cry night” as it is affectionately known among the campers. “It’s an emotional and impactful night

because you think about your life and the changes you want to make,” says Erica Summers, 18, from Guelph. “Everyone prays for each other and it brings a lot of people together.” Real Relationships Making new friends—and reconnecting with old ones—is a big part of what makes National a positive and enriching experience. “It’s often the friendships that keep bringing me back,” says Pinson. “There are lots of people that I don’t see throughout the year, but I get to see them again at National.” “There are a lot of good relationships here,” says Braund. “It shows how connected The Salvation Army is.” This year, Jackson’s Point welcomed youth from all of the divisions in the Canada and Bermuda Territory and beyond. It’s a long way to go from Paris, France, to Jackson’s Point, but Loïc Mangeard, 19, has been happy to make the journey—four times. He was one of nine international students at National this year, hailing from countries such as Germany, Belgium, the United Kingdom, Argentina and Mexico. When he first heard about the Army’s music camp, Mangeard was hesitant as he felt his English skills weren’t up to par. “But my mom convinced me to go, and I’m really glad I did,” he says. “I come here first to do music, but also to meet other Salvationists and see how God is working in our lives.” At camp this summer, Mangeard, who became a soldier last year, decided to further his knowledge about The

Nearly 50 enthusiastic young women participate in the timbrels elective

Jessica Braund, Victoria Pinson and Erica Summers enjoy free time at camp

Mark Burford and Lader Lemvo play cornet at National

Salvation Army by taking the soldiership elective. “It has been a good time of discussion on why we are Salvationists, why we are unique and why we believe the things we do,” he says. For Mangeard, learning about the history and faith that unite Salvationists everywhere underscores the Army’s internationalism—a point made personal when he ran into an old friend from Germany at National this year while waiting in line for a meal. “Everybody’s connected,” he smiles. “It’s a small world.” Big Finish After seven days of intense practising, National concludes with a final festival, held this year at Toronto’s Scarborough Citadel on August 31. Each band, chorus, drama team and worship team had a chance to shine before the capacity crowd, performing pieces such as Children of Light, His Eye is on the Sparrow and Purcell’s Rhapsody on a Theme. Commissioner Brian Peddle, territorial commander, shared a devotional message, and the program closed with In Perfect Peace, a fitting end to a blessed week. “I’ve really enjoyed National,” says Zelinsky, who attended this year for the first time. “Learning new music, testing my ability, making new friends—I’ve had so much fun. I’d definitely come back.” Salvationist I November 2013 I 11


TALKING IT OVER

Corruption Exposed Photo: © iStockphoto.com/monkeybusinessimages

The collapse of just systems and misuse of funds is only the start

In their Talking It Over series, Dr. James Read, director of The Salvation Army Ethics Centre in Winnipeg, and Dr. Aimee Patterson, Christian ethics consultant at the centre, dialogue about moral and ethical issues. DEAR JIM,

C

orruption is a prominent news item these days. I’m continually discouraged to hear of public trustees and politicians in Canada misusing funds and engaging in cronyism. And around the world corruption runs rampant, often enmeshed in the so-called legitimate operations of a country. The World Bank pegs bribes globally at more than $1 trillion a year! Bribes, siphoned resources, the black market, vote buying, threats and actions of violence—each one overturns the stability of individuals, families and communities. Corruption keeps people impoverished, desperate and without the power to effect change. That’s why I was interested to learn about EXPOSED. It’s a global campaign supported by The Salvation Army with the theme Shining a Light on Corruption. Its chief practical aim is to solicit public action through the signing of a petition for financial transparency and government accountability to G20 leaders. Signing the petition (signup.exposed2013.com) has helped me feel like there is something I can do about corruption on a grand scale. Corruption is difficult to target because of the way it works. It breeds in the dark, requiring secrecy or collusion. 12 I November 2013 I Salvationist

Without checks and balances that promote transparency and protect whistleblowers, we really are left to fumble around in the dark. Since The Salvation Army is supporting this initiative, I think it’s only right that we also turn the mirror to ourselves. In our efforts to curb the public corruption that traps people in poverty and other oppressive situations, we should not pretend we are immune to the dynamics that can breed corruption. How do we measure up when it comes to implementing checks and balances that preserve integrity? Are we a “light on a hill” when it comes to corruption? AIMEE DEAR AIMEE,

Y

ou don’t hold back on the hard questions, do you? I’m glad. Too many people in too many places self-censor. I have a tendency to do that myself. Biting your tongue isn’t corruption, but it helps corruption grow. What impresses me about the prophets of the Bible is their refusal to shut up. They made corrupt officials uncomfortable by speaking out. And yet their words were preserved! I am amazed that King David didn’t simply eliminate Nathan from the record. Instead, their confrontation is there for all to read in 2 Samuel 12:1-14. It says something to me about the strength of a community that has a place for its “awkward” voices. But I digress. In answer to your question about The Salvation Army—no,


TALKING IT OVER I don’t think we are a “light on a hill” in every respect. Though in the matter of financial reporting, I think we set a pretty high standard. Salvationists and the public are regularly told how much money The Salvation Army has, where it came from and where it is being spent or invested. One of the William Booth stories I relish concerns money donated for the “Darkest England Scheme.” Prominent Englishmen of the time—Thomas Huxley, for one—openly alleged that Booth was actually lining his own pockets with the money people were giving for “Darkest England.” It says a lot to me about Booth’s moral courage and thick skin that he met the challenge head on, and welcomed The Times of London’s proposal of an independent audit, which exonerated him and enhanced public confidence in the Army as a whole. But corruption is not just misappropriation of funds. The Bible skewers judges who only hear the cases of the rich, prophets who tell their listeners merely what they want to hear and priests whose delight is showy festivals. I think the criticism is not only that the judges, priests and prophets can be “bought,” but also that they have betrayed their calling. A lack of access to fair courts is itself corrupt. So is an educational system that treats students as customers and a church whose goal is to be popular. What do we do about that kind of corruption? JIM DEAR JIM,

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hat do we do when we betray our calling and character? When we lose sight of what we’re about? Again, hard questions! This kind of corruption

November 29, 2013 Yonge-Dundas Square

4:30 p.m. – Vendors open for pre-concert treats and activities 6:00 p.m. – CTV Toy Mountain remote live on CTV News Toronto with Weather Anchor, Tom Brown, & Christmas Concert and Community Carol Sing-a-long

is even trickier to perceive than something concrete like financial exploitation. Yet it is intimately related to the abuse of power and perhaps the most radical kind of corruption. We’re not only talking about the collapse of just systems, but a loss of identity. Matters of calling and character turn my gaze toward the virtues and practices that sustain these things. As you say, one of Nathan’s virtues was that he refused to shut up! But David’s virtues included responsiveness and repentance. Nathan could have been made subject to a further abuse of power. David could have tossed him out. But he didn’t. David was far from perfect, but when his actions were exposed to the light, he humbly submitted to Nathan’s (and God’s) accusation. This seems to represent something we need to be intentional about as we nurture our own communities and build up our leadership. As Christians, we’re called to a practice of mutual accountability. As leaders, we’re to be open to the constructive dissent of others. How do we ensure there are places in our communities for awkward voices (besides yours and mine)? True, not every criticism will be accurate or fully representative of the situation, but we need to be careful not to let defensiveness make us blind to our faults. Perhaps each of us in leadership ought to engage a “Nathan”—someone who is active in their faith, measured in their judgment and not afraid to speak up—to hold us to account. AIMEE DEAR AIMEE,

C

orruption as a “loss of identity”? My initial reaction was, “Nah, that can’t be right. The most corrupt thugs and manipulators don’t seem to me to be suffering any identity crisis!” But then I thought, “Maybe she’s right.” My identity as a teacher isn’t only whether I want to be a teacher or feel good about being a teacher; it’s whether there are any students who will learn something. There is an internal metric and an external metric. An uncorrupt system will assess my work on criteria that are relevant to both, and not just “satisfaction.” My point—which I guess really is your point—is that we need accountability to prevent corruption, and we need accountability to the proper measures. Acts 17:11 says “the Berean Jews were of more noble character than those in Thessalonica, for they received the message with great eagerness and examined the Scriptures every day to see if what Paul said was true.” I find this compelling because the Bereans held someone as distinguished as Paul to a standard that neither they nor he invented. What is the identity of leadership, according to Jesus? Not merely exercising power. And what is the identity of discipleship? Not merely following. We need personal character to stay on track, but we need a culture of objective accountability just as much. How is that achieved? For a start, those who are suffering the most under the grindstone of corruption need those of us who aren’t to shine a light on their circumstance and refuse to simply go along. Grace and peace, JIM Salvationist I November 2013 I 13


SNAPSHOTS OF MINISTRY

Programs in music, art and creative expression encourage children to explore their abilities and grow their identity in Christ.

It Takes a Village

Kelowna Community Church’s intergenerational ministries invite community members to travel the road of life together BY MELISSA YUE WALLACE, FEATURES EDITOR, AND CHRIS STANFORD, PHOTOGRAPHER

I

t is said that “it takes a village to raise a child,” meaning a child’s development is affected by their community. The Salvation Army Kelowna Community Church in British Columbia has based its programs on this village concept to support individuals through every bump and turn in their journey through life. Located within a mile from downtown Kelowna and surrounded by low-income housing and seniors’ residences, the Kelowna “village” supports single-parent families, children experiencing difficulties in school, seniors and anyone who may need physical, emotional or spiritual support. Friendships are being built and lives are being changed through groceries for hungry families; furnishings, clothing and beds for those in need; support for those affected by a loved one’s addiction and/or mental illness; and programs for children, youth and seniors. “Thanks for praying. Since we prayed I’ve lost the desire for drugs,” said one client. Another said, “Thanks for the bed. It’s the best I have slept for a long while.” Over the following pages, catch a glimpse of Kelowna’s village model and learn how God is revealing himself through the people who share in these programs. 14 I November 2013 I Salvationist

The Kelowna village has found that capping programs at 10 to 12 people over a prolonged period is a formula for lasting change.


SNAPSHOTS OF MINISTRY

For more than 50 years, Army staff have carefully sorted donated goods for two thrift stores in order to reduce items going to the landfill, redirecting more than 10,000 pounds of clothing and accessories every week in co-operation with recycling partners. Revenue generated from both thrift stores fund community outreach programs.

The family empowerment village program is a recovery-oriented group for people impacted by a loved one’s mental illness and/ or addiction. Participants learn skills to manage the tough times and meet others facing similar challenges, receiving comfort that they are not alone. In this photo, participants are exploring their feelings and hopes about their character.

“As a single parent of three, the Army’s commitment to supporting my whole family has been life changing,” says Tamara (in photo), participating in a village gathering games night. “Specific programs like BreakThrough and their spring break day camp have provided support, tools for healthy living and fun. We experience great joy and growth with village members of all ages at church and our social gatherings.”

For the last three years, BreakThrough has helped single moms build their self-confidence. Single parents often feel isolated from society, so the program introduces participants into new communities, helping them access services and receive advocacy support. “Through this program, my daughter and I were introduced to a loving village with mentors to give us courage and resources to make changes for a healthier, happier future,” says Tammy (pictured in gown). BreakThrough has evolved into a job assistance program that helps people overcome obstacles and gain and maintain employment. Salvationist I November 2013 I 15


SNAPSHOTS OF MINISTRY

BreakOut is an after-school program for children from Grades 3 to 6, involving group discussion, games, activities, music and the sharing of a meal. As children learn to value themselves and each other, they walk confidently into a life of purpose and “break out” of society’s limits and labels.

The free bread program is offered to clients through the partnership of generous community businesses. Clients wait in anticipation each week for fresh bread days. It is a humbling and inspirational sight to see some clients so excited to have a bite of delicious bread that they open their share just outside the doors and dig in. Guy, the “Bread Man,” volunteers his time to pick up the weekly corporate donations that make the free bread program possible.

On Christmas hamper day, more than 200 volunteers distribute 600 food and toy hampers to families who would otherwise go without. For those who pick up their hampers, and for many staff and volunteers at the Kelowna village, it is their “favourite day of the year.” Through the hamper registration process, the village finds other ways to serve those who could benefit from year-round programs.

Over the last year, six families came into the church through the village’s mentoring programs and others became regular attendees through its social services and volunteer programs. There are now approximately 120 people who attend services at Kelowna Community Church on Sundays. For more photos from the Kelowna village, view the slideshow at salvationist.ca/2013/11/kelowna. 16 I November 2013 I Salvationist

The Community Life Centre is a place that offers hope by helping people transition to a brighter future. Clients meet with a caseworker who assesses not just their physical needs, but their emotional, mental and spiritual needs as well. One of the bridges to building these relationships is through the food bank.


SPIRITUAL DISCIPLINES

Revitalize Your Prayer Life Practical steps to get the most out of your conversations with God BY MAJOR GAIL WINSOR “Be prayerful—full of prayer. Cultivate the spirit of prayer. Beware not to quench it. When you feel God wooing you into his presence, and calling you to secret prayer, go! He has a blessing for you….”  —Samuel Logan Brengle

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rayer is the most universally practised spiritual discipline. It is open to all, including those who are in the earliest stages of exploring a relationship with God, such as children learning to say bedtime prayers. Children express trust when they commit themselves and “Mommy, Daddy and Sam the goldfish” to God’s care. The faith that he will answer reflects deep truths about the mystery of prayer. God wants to hear our prayers and is waiting to respond to them. Prayer is God’s idea. From the earliest chapters of Genesis, God engages in conversation with us. Throughout the Bible we find prayers expressing praise, thanksgiving, penitence, lament, trust, intercession, anger and the desire for justice—no subject is forbidden. Its pages also describe God’s responses. The pattern we see is that God speaks first, invites our participation in the conversation and then responds. Paul reminds us of God’s interest in our concerns when he encourages us to “present your requests to God” (Philippians 4:6). Yet it is helpful to remember that as much as God wants to hear our requests, there is something more to be accomplished. When we pray, we open ourselves to God at the deepest level. We may begin to pray because we want God to change something in our world, but we will soon find that God has a different, potentially disturbing, purpose for prayer. It is not simply about people submitting requests for God to fill. Through prayer, we open ourselves to God and he graciously reveals something of the divine will and shows us ways we can co-operate with that will as we live out our faith. The

purpose of this divine-human dialogue is to align us with God’s perspective rather than aligning God with ours. Like children who commit themselves to God’s care for the night, we are called to trust God for the transformation that comes through the encounter of prayer.

How do we develop the discipline of prayer? These elements provide a starting point: 1. Set aside a specific time for prayer. The prophet Daniel prayed three times a day (see Daniel 6:10). Jesus, Peter and others followed the traditional Jewish practice of praying at specific times of day. Many Christians continue to benefit from the practice of “fixed hour” prayer, setting aside specific times to pray to keep attentive to God and receptive to his work within their hearts throughout the day. 2. Prayer begins with God’s invitation (see Jeremiah 33:3). When you pray, start by acknowledging God’s presence. This is a two-way conversation and you need to be attentive to his response as you pray. 3. S eek the Spirit’s assistance (see Romans 8:26). 4. Prayers do not have to be long and complex. The content and intent of your prayer are more important than the length. Remember, the Lord’s Prayer (see Matthew 6:9-13) contains only 53 words. 5. Sometimes we need help to focus our thoughts and articulate our concerns. The Scriptures and Christian devotional literature are full of beautiful prayers written by God’s people that can help us express what is on our hearts. 6. Persevere in your practice of prayer (see Luke 18:1). Major Gail Winsor ministers through the leadership development department at Canada and Bermuda’s territorial headquarters. She is also a trained spiritual director.

Prayerful Exercises

• Choose a prayer from the Psalms that reflects your present experience (praise— Psalm 8 or 100; penitence—Psalm 32, 51:1-17 or 130; lament—Psalm 6 or 13; trust—Psalm 91). Pray this psalm for several days then, using it as a pattern, write your own psalm-prayer to the Lord. • Incorporate one of the following Scripture prayers into your conversation with God every day for a week: Deuteronomy 6:4-5, Isaiah 6:3, Matthew 6:7-15, Luke 18:13, Hebrews 13:20-21 or Revelation 7:12. How has this prayer affected the way you think about God? How has it affected the way you pray? • Discover new ways you can incorporate prayer into your daily schedule. For example, while watching the news, pray about the events that are being reported.

Further Reading

• P rayer: Finding the Heart’s True Home by Richard J. Foster • S acred Rhythms by Ruth Haley Barton •O  ther Voices: Exploring the Contemplative in Salvationist Spirituality (Chapters 4-6) by Christine Faragher Salvationist I November 2013 I 17


Zimbabwe: An Ongoing Story of Hope

The Salvation Army’s Howard Hospital in Chiweshe offers medical care to thousands

Photos: Major John Murray, IHQ Communications Secretary

BY MAJOR SANDRA WELCH

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he blazing heat of the noonday sun beats down on the vehicle as we make our bumpy way down the dusty road en route to The Salvation Army’s Howard Hospital in Zimbabwe. The land is parched; the air is dry and hot with a hint of smoke. Locals smile and wave, or glance quizzically as we go by. We drive past animals gently grazing in the fields, a river where groups of women busily wash their clothes, while others transport bulky bundles 18 I November 2013 I Salvationist

Ruvarashe with one of her nine-day-old twins in the neonatal unit at Howard Hospital

of firewood on their heads and children freely roam, clambering over rocks and playing in groups. Eventually we arrive at Howard Hospital at the end of a rutted road. As we make our way to the places we will stay for the duration of our visit, delightful children shout out eager greetings in tuneful chorus: “Fine! Fine!” “How you?”—desperately wanting to practise their English on us. A History of Hope The Salvation Army has served the

people of the Chiweshe community since 1923 when Howard Institute, a school, was founded some 80 kilometres north of the Zimbabwean capital, Harare. The need for quality medical services became apparent as Salvation Army officers with little medical training initially carried out these services, so the hospital opened in September 1928, with a nurses training program being added a year later. During this time the hospital offered first-rate medical care to the people of


the area in conjunction with nurses, support staff and a succession of health practitioners. Today, Howard Hospital offers its services to more than 250,000 people in and around the rural community of Chiweshe. The 144-bed hospital runs a considerable number of community-based programs, in-patient and out-patient care, as well as a mobile clinic that provides immunization programs and family health programs in the rural areas. With the advent of the HIV-AIDS pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa, the hospital gave hope by offering wide-ranging treatment at the Tariro clinic through its counselling centre and antiretroviral therapy. In addition there are a number of orphaned and vulnerable children’s programs and child sponsorship programs for children affected by HIV-AIDS. The loc al he ad m an, Thom a s Mudyiwa, is well respected in his community and has been headman for 27 years. He told me: “Howard Hospital is our hospital and it helps the community very well.” He went on to say that he prayed the hospital would maintain its valued position in the community because, in helping this rural area, it helps the whole nation. He explained that people travel for quite a distance to access the medical services provided by the hospital. Patients even travel from Harare. One told me: “I come here because the staff really care!” Howard Hospital has a reputation as a centre of excellence and it is common practice for government hospitals to refer patients there. Hope for Today Howard Hospital has a nurse training centre offering three residential training courses: a primary care course, a diploma in midwifery and a six-month upscaling midwifery course. The first is two years and prepares nurses to work in clinics in rural areas, at a grassroots level, which is vital in this area. It enables young

From left, Dr. Chikwenjere, Mjr Joan Gibson, Dr. Museka outside the training centre

men and women to embark on a career serving people who are in great need of medical help and care, but who live in remote areas. There are currently 40 student nurses involved in the training program. Major Joan Gibson, originally from Scotland, is a highly experienced clinician and outstanding teacher who heads up the program. She has worked as a nurse in Africa since 1977 and at Howard Hospital since the 1980s. The student nurses, who come from across Zimbabwe, undergo a rigorous selection process through the local health and medical council to train at Howard. They apply to train at Howard Hospital because of the quality of teaching and facilities, and the ethos of the hospital. Dr. Tshuma, provincial medical director, praised the facility, saying: “The training centre has a high pass rate. Nurses who have graduated at Howard are well qualified.” As I visited the labour ward, I learned that approximately 1,000 babies are safely delivered at the hospital each year. They have a mothers’ shelter for women who are 34-35 weeks pregnant but who live some distance from the hospital. It is more beneficial for them to await the birth of their baby in the shelter rather than in a rural area, where there is no medical provision. The pregnant women, or “ladies in waiting” as they are fondly referred to, are also able to stay in the shelter until after the birth of their babies. When they go into labour in the shelter the other women offer support and take the mother-to-be to the labour ward while

they eagerly await news of the arrival of the baby. The hospital also has a small neonatal unit which provides more specialized care for up to eight babies. Mothers are kept in the hospital for three days to ensure that they make a full recovery after the birth, and during this time are taught basic hygiene and how to care for their babies. Great emphasis is placed on breastfeeding. The hospital also provides Family Child Health (FCH) programs that include antenatal and postnatal clinics, family planning, immunizations, good nutritional information and general support and guidance. Howard Hospital is not exempt from problems or political and social upheaval. However, despite this it is running well and treating patients as usual. Medical cases with complications are referred to Parirenyatwa Hospital in Harare (the largest hospital in the country) but rural clinics continue to refer patients to Howard Hospital for care. Continuing its fine reputation for good facilities, practice and staff, Howard’s medical team treats a significant number of people. In the first half of 2013, some 60 in-patients were treated at the hospital each night, the majority in the maternity ward. On average, 150 people daily attend the out-patient department, the antenatal clinic and the Tariro clinic, which supports HIV-AIDS patients and other community-based services such as home-based care and programs for orphans and vulnerable children. Following the departure of the previous chief medical officer (CMO) in July

New and expectant mothers wait to see the nurse at the hospital clinic Salvationist I November 2013 I 19


2012, Howard Hospital has been in a state of transition, with the number of patients and surgical procedures reduced as complicated cases were referred to the provincial hospitals in Harare and Bindura, an accepted practice for a rural district hospital. Howard Hospital has maintained a surgical capacity throughout 2012 and 2013 since the two Zimbabwean doctors, Dr. Museka and Dr. Chikwenjere, are trained to perform a number of surgical procedures, including Caesarean sections. Historically, it has not always had a trained surgeon on site. Dr. Tshuma told me: “Generally, the situation at Howard is improving. The workload has changed and there has been a decline in patients, but this is due to misinformation, since the community believed that there was no longer a doctor at the hospital, so they went to other hospitals looking for one. When they presented at the other district hospitals in the area, the staff informed them that there were two well-qualified and able doctors at Howard! “People have now returned to Howard Hospital and are utilizing the general services there. This affected the general wards, not the maternity care provided by the hospital. This is reflected in the

A pharmacist dispenses medication. Howard Hospital offers its services to more than 250,000 people in and around the rural community of Chiweshe

increase in the Performance Results Based Financing. “The hospital no longer has a specialist gynecologist, but it is now the same as the other district hospitals in terms of referral levels. District hospitals do not necessarily offer specialist obstetrics services. Patients are referred to hospitals in Bindura or Harare for this specialist care.”

The Salvation Army in Zimbabwe is a member of the Zimbabwe Association of Church-related Hospitals (ZACH), whose executive director, Vuyelwa T. Sidile-Chitimbire, recently confirmed that Howard Hospital is “fully functioning and providing health care and service delivery for the poor and vulnerable communities within its district.”

People wait to see doctors in the out-patient department. Many travel for quite a distance to access the medical services provided by the hospital 20 I November 2013 I Salvationist


Mjr Sandra Welch (left) visited the labour ward, where approximately 1,000 babies are safely delivered each year

Bright Hope for Tomorrow Plans to complete the construction of the new Howard Hospital buildings, which commenced in 2000, are now underway and have been agreed by the hospital management team, the Zimbabwe Territory and International Headquarters (IHQ). While this capital project is taking place, the Canada and Bermuda Territory is ensuring the effective operation of Howard through an agreed sustainability plan. With the construction project now in its second phase (working with plans approved by the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Public Works in Zimbabwe), a project manager has been retained, a contractor identified and final contract discussions are underway. It is hoped that the new building will be completed in 2014. The funding to complete the new hospital has been donated by the USA Eastern Territory and is being held at IHQ. These resources will be fully utilized once plans for the building are finalized. The move to the new premises will result in changes which will improve the quality of sustainable care, and plans will be developed locally. The theatre wing of the new hospital is being restructured. There will be two theatres offering surgical procedures based appropriately on the capacity of resident staff. The hospital’s volunteer program, which drew in medical staff from overseas, was unexpectedly halted in 2012. A few volunteers have worked at Howard in 2013, albeit fewer than in the past. The hospital plans to restart

the program in the future, but not at the same level of intensity as in the period of 2005-2012. I n it i a l l y, t he de s i r e of t he Zimbabwean Salvation Army leadership was to appoint a Zimbabwean Salvationist as CMO but this did not prove possible. IHQ approached Dr. Zairemthiama Pachuau, the CMO at The Salvation Army’s Chikankata Hospital in Zambia, in October 2012. Dr. Zaia (as he is known) was willing to move but it took time for him to obtain a visa. When he arrived in Zimbabwe, the Medical and Dental Council did not accept his Zambian registration and required him to work for three months in government hospitals. The lengthy probationary process is now complete and Dr. Zaia took up his appointment as CMO on August 29, 2013. Dr. Zaia brings a number of skills to his new role, including post-graduate diplomas in HIV management and hospital administration, a master of philosophy in health-care management and industrial psychology and an MBA in leadership and entrepreneurship. He worked as CMO at Chikankata for five years and is a highly skilled physician. Dr. Zaia says that practising medicine in rural Africa presents difficult and challenging circumstances, yet he and his team have a high success rate in meeting patients’ needs. He says: “I see miracles every day. I don’t only believe, I see.” A Swedish surgeon, Dr. Per-Göte Lindgren, has also been appointed to join the team at Howard to train the

existing medical team in more advanced surgical procedures and to strengthen the health system at the new hospital. The Medical and Dental Council has assured the Army that it can register him for this work. Dr. Lindgren will not work as a general medical officer; his focus will be surgical training. He will also oversee the move into the new building and the development of management and clinical systems to improve the quality of care and services. The period of 2004-2012 saw the development of an extensive surgical program at the hospital which stretched the hospital’s capacity. Before 2003, the hospital operated at the level of a rural district hospital with some additional services depending on the capacity of the staff at the time. The intention is to return to this sustainable level of working. The Tariro HIV program has worked without disruption since September 2012, as has the tuberculosis prevention, treatment and care program. Changes in government policy have meant that more people can access their antiretroviral drugs closer to home, so there is some reduction in patient numbers at the Tariro clinic, but this is not driven by shortages of supplies or staff. The program for expectant mothers with HIV to receive antiretroviral treatments prior to the birth of their babies is unchanged and is implemented by staff who were in place before 2012. Having commenced in January 2013, the numbers of recipients of this five-year USAID-funded program are independently confirmed through project reports submitted to USAID, and funding is only released if the program is meeting its objectives. A soon-to-be launched Howard Hospital website will enable people to follow the progress of the hospital and provide information about programs and services. So the story of tariro (hope) which began more than 80 years ago continues in the Chiweshe community as The Salvation Army works to improve the services at the hospital, remaining committed to its future and serving the complex and challenging country of Zimbabwe. Major Sandra Welch was born and grew up in South Africa. She is currently editor-in-chief at International Headquarters. Salvationist I November 2013 I 21


Salvationist Peter Houghton bravely served God and others in the trenches of the First World War

22 I November 2013 I Salvationist

Photo: Š iStockphoto.com/Johncairns

A Soldier’s Prayer


Peter Houghton was a young Salvationist from Galt, Ont., who served in the trenches of the First World War. This excerpt from R.G. Moyles’ new book, Glory! Hallelujah!: The Innovative Evangelism of Early Canadian Salvationists, shows the impact Houghton had on those who fought alongside him. Originally recorded in the March 4, 1916, issue of The War Cry, the story is told from the perspective of a fellow soldier as he recovered from wounds in a hospital in London, Ont.

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eter was a member of The Salvation Army. We expected he’d be a kind of joy-killer in the trenches. Beneath his uniform he wore a red flannel shirt with the letters “S.A.” on it. He carried a small Bible in his tunic. But Peter didn’t turn out to be a joykiller. We soldiers are a rough lot, but he mixed with us like a brother. When we swore he had nothing to say about it. Only he didn’t swear. When we gambled, Peter preached us no long sermons. Only he didn’t gamble. When we stole each other’s clothes, he had no remarks to make about morals. Only he left the other guy’s duds alone. Peter preached only by example. Peter prayed every night. We thought he’d quit it when he got to the trenches. I’ll never forget our first night. The water was well over our ankles. In this water was a mess of discarded equipment, decayed food and dead rats that the boys killed with their rifle stocks. Peter flopped down on his knees, folded his dirty, powder-stained hands together and asked God to save us from fire and sword, from the pestilence that flieth by noon-day. I remember that Peter had just got to the part about fire and sword, when a shell cut a blazing path of scarlet through the blue-black of the trench and lit up Peter just as though he were kneeling by the big drum back on the street corner in Galt. Peter never stirred, but stayed right there soaking up the water in that foul, stinking trench. He never stirred when the boys twittered. Every night Peter prayed. He cared no more for jeer than he did for an enemy

bayonet. We knew all the time that Peter was brave, but we didn’t think he was quite as brave as he turned out to be. Peter never let a married man, or a man who had a mother back home depending on him, go on a ration party if he was free to take his place. Peter would serve on equally dangerous listening patrols, or gruesome burial parties, any odd time he was asked to—and lots of times when he wasn’t. Peter’s face had a kind of beam that seemed to cheer you up. You felt when you looked at Peter’s face that somewhere men weren’t killing each other. Peter’s face gave you a new heart. But it was at the second battle of Ypres that Peter showed the stuff that was in him. [You know] all about that fight, the long charge over the fields and the charges where we locked bayonets with the enemy. Peter was there up front all the time. He fought, but he never cursed.

Peter folded his dirty, powder-stained hands together and asked God to save us In that particular charge we found we were up against machine guns. A machine gun mows men down as a scythe mows down hay. Peter fought no more that day. Instead he volunteered to the far more dangerous task of going with a stretcher over that shell-swept field and gathering up the wounded, whose groans we heard all around us. People back home think of stretcherbearers as in some way exempt from the fire. But they aren’t. They are more exposed to it. They go out in the open spaces where the worst of the hell is and pick up the wounded men. They wear no insignia, no cross, no red band, nothing to distinguish them. I went forward into more charges that day, and I can’t tell in detail about Peter’s coming and goings across that

field of fire. But I know he got dozens of wounded men out of that hell, and into the dressing station. He did so much and risked so much that day that we cheered him when he came back to our trench. He was mudstained, drenched to the skin from hauling men across that dirty ditch which divided the field, bloody from head to foot where the wounds of those he saved had gushed over him like fountains, but his face shone with the beam that seemed to light up the whole man. Peter just smiled kind of modest like, and went to work making the wounded and dying men in our trench easier. Peter got the Distinguished Conduct Medal for what he did. The best part, though, is what happened when we made Peter take his turn for a snatch of sleep in the dugout. Peter dropped down to his knees in the soggy stream of crimson in the bottom of that foul ditch, and when he had finished about the fire and sword, the pestilence that walketh at noon-day, and all the rest of his usual evening prayer, something unusual happened. No one snickered.

Glory! Hallelujah! is available through Supplies and Purchasing, 416-422-6100; orderdesk@can.salvationarmy.org; salvationarmy.ca/store. Salvationist I November 2013 I 23


CROSS CULTURE

The Merciful Scar

by Rebecca St. James and Nancy Rue This young adult novel follows 16-year-old Kirsten, who begins cutting herself after a family tragedy leaves her feeling guiltridden. Seven years later, she is still struggling to cope and one night, after a fight with her boyfriend, she turns to cutting again and ends up in the hospital psychiatric ward. The only viable treatment option is a stint on a Montana sheep ranch, working with the quirky but insightful “Sister Frankie,” a former nun. With no ranching experience, Kirsten feels out of her depth, but she slowly makes friends with the other crew members, who are also searching for healing, and finds in Sister Frankie a much-needed spiritual mentor. Penned by award-winning Christian musician Rebecca St. James and novelist Nancy Rue, The Merciful Scar is a story of healing and forgiveness that shows that there is nothing that can’t be redeemed.

Jesus > Religion

by Jefferson Bethke Jefferson Bethke burst onto the cultural scene in 2012 with a passionate, provocative poem titled “Why I Hate Religion, But Love Jesus.” The YouTube video was a viral sensation, with seven million views in its first 48 hours (and nearly 26 million to date). Bethke’s message travelled fast through social media, triggering an avalanche of responses running the gamut from encouraged to enraged. In Jesus > Religion, Bethke explores further the contrasts that he drew in the poem—highlighting the difference between teeth-gritting and grace, law and love, performance and peace, despair and hope. He delves into the motivation behind his message, drawing on his own journey from a destructive works-based faith to a relationship with Christ beyond the props of false religion. Bethke is quick to acknowledge that he’s not a pastor or theologian, but just a regular 20-something who cried out for a life greater than the one for which he had settled.

Let Hope In

John Larsson Plays: Volume 4

General John Larsson (Rtd) With Volume 4 in the series John Larsson Plays, the retired world leader of The Salvation Army has completed his recording of piano arrangements of songs from the Gowans and Larsson musicals. This latest CD includes favourites from four musicals: White Rose (1977), Son of Man (1983), Man Mark II (1985) and The Meeting (1990). These favourites include such classics as I’ll Not Turn Back, They Need Christ and I Want to Say Yes. The four CDs in the series feature a total of 115 songs from 10 Gowans and Larsson musicals, providing nearly five hours of music. Each CD includes a 32-page booklet with the lyrics by the now late General John Gowans. For more details, visit www.johnlarsson.com. 24 I November 2013 I Salvationist

by Pete Wilson In Let Hope In, Pete Wilson, pastor and the author of Plan B, presents a new look at the power of healing through hope. Wilson walks readers through the process of transformation, teaching that if pain is not transformed, it will only be transferred. He uses examples of seemingly hopeless situations in the biblical accounts of Joseph and David to illustrate God’s ultimate plan for healing, and identifies four practical choices that will help readers let go of the past and move forward in grace. “The goal here is not to become a person who doesn’t have a history—that’s impossible and useless,” writes Wilson. “The goal is to find a new way of working with the past so it does not continue to impact our future. God is bigger than your history and more concerned with your destiny.”

Take Time to Be Holy

by Samuel Logan Brengle Commissioner Samuel Logan Brengle is one of The Salvation Army’s most celebrated authors and preachers. Known for his teachings on holiness, Brengle has been inspiring Salvationists and others for more than a century with books such as Helps to Holiness and Heart Talks on Holiness. Take Time to Be Holy, a new daily devotional edited by Bob Hostetler, takes classic selections from Brengle’s works and presents them in a short, easyto-read format. The book calls Christians to pursue holiness as the key to a deeper, more fulfilling relationship with God. It shows that holiness is available to each of us when we submit our hearts to God and surrender to his boundless grace.


CELEBRATE COMMUNITY

ENROLMENTS AND RECOGNITION

TORONTO—West Hill CC welcomes three junior soldiers. From left, Mjr Judith Barrow, CO; Annette Richardson, instructor; Bond Blake, holding the flag; April Christensen; Tommy Budgell; Faith Budgell; Mjr Derrick Barrow, CO.

TORONTO—Surrounded by his family, Jacob Blake is enrolled as the newest senior soldier at West Hill CC. From left, Lisa Blake, Jacob’s stepmother; Roland Blake, instructor; Bond Blake, Jacob’s grandfather, holding the flag; Jacob Blake; Eddie Blake, Jacob’s father; Mjrs Judith and Derrick Barrow, COs.

GLENCAIRN, ONT.—Hope Acres CC increases its ranks as one senior soldier and six adherents are enrolled. From left, Aux-Cpt Micheline Hardy, CO; CSM Tom Cook, holding the flag; Bill Logue, adherent; Jackie Logue, senior soldier; Francie Borisenko, Eddie Borisenko, Joe Power, Robina Preston, George Preston, adherents; Mjr Roy Snow, then executive director, Toronto Harbour Light Ministries and Homestead Addiction Services, Toronto, Ont. CE Div. GLENCAIRN, ONT.— Mjr Alonzo Twyne conducts the dedication ceremony of his twin grandsons, Benjamin George and Anthony Brian Twyne, as they are presented back to the Lord by their parents, Brian and Sarah Twyne, at Hope Acres CC. With them is CSM Tom Cook, holding the flag.

ST. GEORGE’S, BERMUDA—In honour of her 90th birthday, Dorothy Esdaille donates a new flag for the young people’s corps at St. George’s. From left, Mjr Dan Broome, CO; Alfred Esdaille, colour sergeant; Dorothy Esdaille; Mjr Wendy Broome, CO; YPSM Connie Francis; AYPSM Anne Guishard; CSM Neil Francis. SYDNEY, N.S.—With Christmas just around the corner, Mjr Kent Hepditch, CO, Sydney CC, is pleased to receive toys and $2,000 from Alex Lee, president of the Cape Breton Freewheelin’ Motorcycle Association, in support of the Army’s Christmas efforts. “Two-hundred motorcycles were in the toy drive,” reports Mjr Hepditch, “and the money was collected as they drove from Glace Bay, N.S., to Sydney.” With them is Nicole MacLean, community ministries co-ordinator.

The Journeys of Paul in Turkey and Greece May 9-20, 2014 With Commissioners William and Marilyn Francis and Joel and Nancy Turley Experience the world of Paul the Apostle as you explore such places as Colossae, Ephesus, Corinth and Athens Visit www.EO.Travel/find_trip (Tour—GT14; Date—050914S; ID#—10263) or e-mail nancy_turley@can.salvationarmy.org for further information

Salvationist I November 2013 I 25


CELEBRATE COMMUNITY

POWELL RIVER, B.C.—The corps family in Powell River acknowledges two senior soldiers, two adherents and two soldiership preparation class participants. From left, Ed Knight, class participant; Cpt Rick Robins, then CO; Joyce Fitzgerald, adherent; Daniel Kressel, senior soldier; Marilyn VanDamme, senior soldier; Rickey Munro, adherent; Lori Masters, class participant; Cpt Jennifer Robins, then CO.

BRAMPTON, ONT.—Harmony Langman is enrolled as a junior soldier at Brampton Citadel. Supporting her are, from left, CSM Clive Cranfield; Mjrs Kathleen and Herbert Sharp, then COs.

Ontario Great Lakes Welcomes New Divisional Leaders LONDON, ONT.—A large crowd gathered at London Citadel for the installation service of Mjrs Morris and Wanda Vincent, DC and DDWM, Ont. GL Div. On hand for the occasion were Commissioners Brian and Rosalie Peddle, territorial leaders. Commissioner Brian Peddle affirmed the leadership abilities of the Vincents as the new divisional commander and divisional director of women’s ministries and dedicated them to service in their respective roles and responsibilities. In his message, Mjr Morris Vincent urged the congregation to have their relationship with God in order before moving out to share him with others. Musical support for the service was provided by the Guelph Citadel Band, London Citadel Songsters, Kitchener CC’s worship band and Erica and Stephanie Vincent, daughters of the divisional leaders.

CAMBRIDGE, ONT.—Children and their leaders from a weeklong summer camp at St. James Lutheran Church visit Hespeler CC and community and family services. Throughout their week at camp, the children learned the importance of doing good things for their community, so they stopped by to deliver canned goods for the Army’s food bank. SHERBROOKE, QUE.—During the Canada Summer Games held this past August in Sherbrooke, the Montreal Citadel Band, under the leadership of Col Glen Shepherd, presents a concert in the suburb of Lennoxville to raise money for relief efforts in Lac-Mégantic, Que., following July’s train derailment in the town.

GAZETTE

TERRITORIAL Birth Cpts BJ/Krista Loder, son, Jamin Isaac, Jul 25 Appointments Mjr Lorraine Hart, executive assistant to the secretary for program services, THQ program services, and executive assistant to the territorial secretary for communications, THQ communications department; Lt-Cols Wayne/ Myra Pritchett, Cobourg CC, Ont. CE Div; Mjrs Herbert/Kathleen Sharp, Peterborough Temple, Ont. CE Div; Mjr Denis Skipper, Scarborough 26 I November 2013 I Salvationist

Mjrs Morris and Wanda Vincent salute Commissioners Brian and Rosalie Peddle and the congregation gathered for their installation service

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Citadel, Ont. CE Div; Lt Thomas/Aux-Cpt Tina Yoo, Yorkwoods CC, Ont. CE Div Retirements Mjrs Philip/Beverley Franco, last appointment: Vernon CC, B.C. Div Promoted to glory Mjr Ray Pond, from Toronto, Aug 27; Mjr Reed Wiseman, from Springdale, N.L., Sep 3; Mrs Lt-Col Elsie Fisher, from London, Ont., Sep 6

CALENDAR

Commissioners Brian and Rosalie Peddle Oct 29 - Nov 12 Holy Land tour; Nov 16 Fall

Festival, Scarborough Citadel, Toronto; Nov 17 Santa Claus Parade, Toronto; Nov 17-20 Territorial Executive Conference/Territorial Leaders’ Conference, JPCC; Nov 21-22 personnel consultations, JPCC*; Nov 23-25 CFOT, Winnipeg Colonels Mark and Sharon Tillsley Nov 1-3 Bermuda congress; Nov 17-20 Territorial Executive Conference/Territorial Leaders’ Conference, JPCC Canadian Staff Band Nov 16 Fall Festival, Scarborough Citadel, Toronto; Nov 17 Santa Claus Parade, Toronto *Commissioner Rosalie Peddle only


CELEBRATE COMMUNITY

TRIBUTES BRANTFORD, ONT.—Howard Livick was a lifelong member of The Salvation Army. Born in London, England, in 1927, he was a member of the International Staff Band and part of their first tour of Canada in 1952. Shortly thereafter he and his wife, Myrtle, returned to Canada and settled in Brantford where they remained long-standing members of the corps. Howard’s love of Salvation Army music started at an early age and carried on throughout his life. He served as songster leader at Brantford Citadel and bandmaster at Cambridge Citadel. Howard was a professional photographer and continued to enjoy capturing his family in pictures, even in retirement. He was dearly loved and will be greatly missed by his wife of 66 years, Myrtle; daughters Janet Morrell (Fred), Susan Allen, Karen Livick; sister, Vera Durman (David); sister-inlaw, Betty (Ernie); grandchildren, great-grandchildren, nieces, nephews and their families. OSHAWA, ONT.—Charles Manford Brydges was born near Courtice, Ont., in 1928. Charles’ family was Methodist but it was during a hospital stay following a serious motorcycle accident and the testimony of a nurse that he came to know Jesus Christ as his Saviour. He and his wife, Ena, joined The Salvation Army in Oshawa in 1948, where he served in many positions over the next 65 years. Charles was a bandsman, Sunday school teacher, young people’s sergeant-major, supporter of the cubs and scouts and an active member of community care ministries. A stalwart soldier, Charles was often asked to read Scripture during services in his deep and authoritative voice. Upon retirement from General Motors after 42 years, Charles displayed his artistic talent in the creation of stained-glass lamp shades that he gave as gifts and as a testimony to letting his light shine in accordance with Psalm 27:1. Charles was promoted to glory after a long struggle with congestive heart disease and is lovingly remembered by his wife, Ena; sons Bruce and Eric; five grandchildren; two great-grandchildren. TORONTO—Major Ray Pond was born to Christian parents in Greenspond, N.L., in 1923, as one of 11 children. Despite challenging economic times, it was a loving and nurturing environment. After a dramatic conversion experience in 1947, Ray entered the training college in St. John’s, N.L., in the King’s Messengers Session that same year. As a single officer, Ray pioneered Army corps in Mainbrook and Norris Arm, N.L. Married to Lieutenant Shirley Anthony in 1951, they shared corps appointments for 25 years in Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario and Alberta. Public relations assignments followed in Montreal, Halifax, Hamilton, Ont., and at territorial headquarters in Toronto. Ray’s final appointment was director of overseas development where he helped facilitate positive change in the lives of people in Africa, South America and the Caribbean. Ray and Shirley retired in 1984. With a practical approach to Christianity, Ray believed in letting others exercise their skills and talents to the glory of God. Missing Ray are sons David, Keith (Cherry); brothers and sisters whom he loved dearly; grandchildren Robert (Tina), Melanie, Nathan; great-grandson, Joshua. TORONTO—Mrs. Major Dorothy Evelina Sharp (Best) was born in Toronto in 1929. Raised in Niagara Falls, New York, she was active at the local corps as a young person. At the age of 18, she returned to Canada alone, settling in Hamilton, Ont., where she made two life-changing decisions that both sprouted out of love. First, she was obedient to God’s call to officership and was commissioned with the Heralds Session in 1953. The second was to marry the love of her life, Herbert James Sharp, in 1954. Together they served in several corps and social services appointments across Canada. She retired in 1992 but remained active in God’s service until her promotion to glory. Even from her hospital bed she prayed and witnessed to the families of her roommates as they experienced the loss of loved ones. She is missed by her husband, Herbert; children Herbert, Ivan, Harold, Dorothy; 13 grandchildren; four great-grandchildren.

WINDSOR, ONT.—Brigadier Cyril “Bill” Gillingham was promoted to glory in his 96th year following 75 years of ministry in The Salvation Army. Bill was commissioned in the Enthusiasts Session in 1938 and retired from active service in 1981. In retirement, Bill continued many of the ministries that were dear to his heart, focusing on missions and visiting members of his church family at Eastwood Citadel in Windsor. Bill and his wife, Ivy (nee Honeychurch), served as corps officers in Grand Prairie, Alta., Portage La Prairie and Dauphin, Man., Fort William, Ont., Vancouver’s Grandview and New Westminster, B.C., Winnipeg, and Windsor, Ont. Bill also had a variety of appointments in the trade and publishing departments. Following Ivy’s promotion to glory in 1987, Bill married Doreen. A thoughtful man with great influence, Bill encouraged everyone and continually pointed people to Jesus. Leaving a legacy of service to Christ, Bill is missed by children Joan Steer (John), Shirley Freeman, Marjorie Preston, Lillian French; grandchildren Fred Preston (Jerilee), Derek Freeman, Dara-Lynn Gerard (Charles), Alena Trepanier (David), Alison Massam (Anthony), Captain Carolyn Simpson (Michael), Jeffrey Freeman (Melissa); 15 great-grandchildren. TORONTO—Major Fredrick Butler-Caughie was born in 1953 in Hamilton, Ont., and promoted to glory following a courageous battle with cancer. During a time of need, Fred met an Army officer selling War Crys in a tavern, subsequently accepted Christ, attended the Mount Hamilton Corps and worked at Lawson Lodge, a corrections half-way house. Commissioned in 1986 in the Proclaimers of the Gospel Session, he married Lieutenant Eileen Butler that same year. Fred’s officership included appointments in Tisdale, Sask., and Fenelon Falls, Ont., addiction treatment programs in Thunder Bay, Ont., Saskatoon, Vancouver and Toronto, and concluded with him serving as a correctional and justice services chaplain in 2011. Fred was the first Army officer to serve as a military chaplain since the Second World War, joining the Reserves in 1993. A Rotarian and Knight of St. John, Fred received the Queen Elizabeth II Jubilee medal and the Canadian Forces decoration for long service. A man of faith, bravery and compassion, Fred was proud of his family and Celtic heritage. He is fondly missed by his wife, Eileen; children Kristen, Jonathan, Aaron; nephew, Thomas (Dana); nine grandchildren; nieces, nephews and extended family. ASPEN COVE, N.L.—Born in 1944 in Corner Brook, N.L., Major Bill Reader entered the training college from Corner Brook Temple and was commissioned in 1966 as a cadet in the Defenders of the Faith Session. He married Lieutenant Rowena Coles in 1967 and together they served in corps throughout Newfoundland and Labrador. Bill served as youth secretary, assistant education secretary, assistant principal at the training college in St. John’s, N.L., principal at the training college in Jamaica and family services officer in Vancouver, where he retired in 1999 because of failing health. Bill’s priorities were God and his family and he never failed to minister wholeheartedly. A man of prayer, Bill is remembered by his wife, Rowena; children, grandchildren, extended family and friends. OTTAWA—Gwendolyn Rosalie Driver (nee Whalen) was born in Northern Arm, N.L., in 1924. Married at a young age, she moved to Saint John, N.B., with her husband and two small children. Widowed a few years after her third child was born, Gwendolyn moved to Cornwall, Ont., where she was enrolled with her second husband and two oldest children. She enjoyed home league activities and commenced her work with community care ministries, which continued for more than 45 years. Gwendolyn welcomed a son and then moved to Ottawa in 1960. Working odd hours at domestic jobs, she was able to make a living for her family. Blessed to meet her third husband, Wes, they enjoyed many years of travel together. While living in Ottawa, Gwendolyn attended Ottawa Citadel and Barrhaven Church (formerly Woodroffe Temple) and volunteered in several areas of corps life and with the Ottawa Humane Society. A friendly person, she is fondly remembered by children May (David), Marg, Jeana, Robert; six grandchildren; seven great-grandchildren; brother, Ross; lifelong friends. Salvationist I November 2013 I 27


28 I November 2013 I Salvationist


THE STORYTELLER

The Churchman and the Street Person Is your worship before God justifiable or just for show?

It was Sunday morning and two men were on their way to worship, one a churchman and the other a street person. The churchman dressed in his Sunday best with a white shirt and tie, tailored suit and shiny black shoes. He rode in a luxury car with the climate controls set at a comfortable temperature. The other man wore wrinkled blue jeans, a beer-stained shirt and an old baseball cap. On his feet was a pair of worn sneakers a size too big. He pushed an old shopping cart that contained bottles he hoped to sell at the recycling depot. At an intersection near the big church, the first man stopped his car while the other pushed his cart along the crosswalk. Each looked at the other before going on. Five minutes later the churchman sat in his comfortable pew and sang in perfect pitch the old songs of the faith. When the time came for prayer, he stood, raised his arms and, lifting his face to the vaulted ceiling, said, “God, I thank you that I’m not like some I’ve seen in this city—thieves, adulterers, prostitutes—or even like that lazy bum I saw on the street this morning. I attend Bible study and give a tenth of my income to the church.” The street person parked his cart outside the men’s shelter and shuffled into the back of the chapel where a gospel meeting was being held. He listened reverently to the hoarse voices around him struggling to keep in tune. There he bowed his head low, wiped a tear off his leathered cheek and prayed, “God, be merciful to me a sinner.” This man, not the other, was justified before God that morning.

W

hen Jesus gave us the original version of this parable (see Luke 18:9-14) he aimed it at “some who were confident of their own righteousness and looked down on everyone else.” His audience was the religious elite of Israel, particularly the Pharisees. The Pharisees were the holiest people in the land. They studied the Scriptures from cover to cover. They kept every reli-

Photo: ©iStockphoto.com/PeskyMonkey

BY MAJOR FRED ASH

gious custom, ceremonial tradition and moral law written in their sacred books. They were fundamentalists, orthodox and traditionalists. They were the most law-abiding people of their society. As far as religion was concerned, these people had it all together. They were holy, and they knew it—so much that they looked down on everyone else. A true Pharisee thanked God every day that he was not born a woman, Samaritan or Gentile. He determined not to touch anything unclean to the point where he could refuse to help a wounded individual lest he soil his hands with blood. He believed in the death penalty for adulterous women and blasphemers. And he refused to eat with sinners and non-Jews. Pharisees believed that by doing these things they were pleasing God. By telling this parable, Jesus turned this kind of thinking on its head. This kind of religion did not please God. Jesus reminded the Pharisees that what pleased God was a broken and contrite heart.

The Pharisees as a Jewish sect no longer exist. So if Jesus were telling this parable today, to whom would he address it? To us churchgoers, of course. He would remind us that we should be careful not to be confident of our own righteousness and not to look down on others. He would want us to avoid judging others based on their wardrobe, inconsistent church attendance or failure to keep all the rules. He would tell us to look first into our own hearts before we point the finger at others. It’s too easy to judge by outward appearance. It’s too easy to live by written rules and regulations. It’s too easy for churchgoers who try to live “holy” lives to look down on those who are obvious “sinners.” The Pharisees may be gone but pharisaic churchgoers still exist. Let’s make sure we are not one of them. Major Fred Ash is a retired Salvation Army officer, freelance writer and editor living in Barrie, Ont. Salvationist I November 2013 I 29


TIES THAT BIND

Purity in a Sex-Driven World

Teaching teens to value others and themselves despite their wardrobe (or lack thereof!) BY MAJOR KATHIE CHIU “Things I learned watching the #VMAs2013: If the goal is to not look creepy onstage w/ an underage twerker, a striped suit is not your friend.”—James Van Der Beek “I will always have this version of Miley. Let’s live in the past and heal.”—Judd Apatow “Poor Billy Ray …”—Andy Roddick “Officially diagnosed with PTSD after watching Miley’s tongue wiggle waggle. #ThanksALot”—Adira Amram

30 I November 2013 I Salvationist

Photo: © Shutterstock.com/solominviktor

T

hese are just some of the tweets that went out over the twittersphere when Miley Cyrus performed with Robin Thicke at MTV’s Video Music Awards this past summer. I think we are all a little shocked at what Hannah Montana has grown into, but then again, our kids have been exposed to the MTV culture for so long now. Why are we surprised? Then there was the blog post on GivenBreath.com by Kim Hall of Austin, Texas, that went viral and was shared more than 10,000 times. Her piece asked girls to watch what they were wearing when they posted on Facebook or she’d make her sons unfriend them. She writes, “If you think you’ve made an online mistake … RUN to your accounts and take down the closed-door bedroom selfies that make it too easy for friends to see you in only one dimension.” Hall seemed to put the onus squarely on the girls for what they were wearing and how it affected her sons and their ability to keep their thoughts pure. In response, RedLetterChristians.org author Kristen Howerton wrote that, while she sympathized with Hall, she clearly felt her perspective came from a place of fear and anxiety. She also suggested Hall’s boys were themselves responsible for any stray thoughts they might have had after seeing a scantily clad girl. Sometimes I wonder how I’m going to sort through the messages that are out there and help guide my boys to grow into men. There’s a lot of pressure in the Christian community for girls to be modest. As the mother of two daughters, I understand how it feels when too much skin is showing and the urge to tell them to cover it up is so strong. Trust me, it doesn’t change even when they’re grown and married. I want to make sure that my boys don’t grow up to objectify women. How do I do that? First, keeping the lines of communication open and having honest conversations with them is important. When we hear statements about girls that place blame on them, we can challenge that and remind our sons that what they think when they see a girl is their responsibility. Second, we need to make sure we challenge what our teens are watching on television and in movies. When we see women being objectified, we need to caution our children and change the channel. At the very least, we need to have a conversation about what we saw, what was wrong about it and question whether we should have watched it.

What we say to girls about this issue also has great importance. While I don’t want my girls wearing skimpy clothes, that’s because I’m a protective parent. I know not every parent of every boy is teaching their son not to ogle my daughters. However, making rules about what girls can wear in certain situations shames the girls. It forces them to subordinate their preferences to the unhealthy thoughts of men and boys. For example, girls who attend a Christian camp may see a sign that says “No Bikinis.” But at a public beach, you’ll see girls in bikinis all the time. Why is it out of context to wear a bikini to a swimming pool in a Christian camp? Though you wouldn’t wear a bikini to a mall to go shopping, wearing one to the beach or a swimming pool is in context—it’s for swimming and sunbathing. How do we follow God’s teachings and live holy lives in a world saturated with unholiness? The most important thing is to bring Jesus into the conversation in a natural way. If we’re keeping God at the centre of our lives and bringing our uncertainties before him in prayer together with our children, he’ll help guide them through the tumultuous teen years. Major Kathie Chiu is the executive director of Victoria’s Addictions and Rehabilitation Centre.


TAG LINE

Three easy ways to give! 1. Online at Salvationist.ca/giftsofhope 2. Phone 1-800-SAL-ARMY and quote “Gifts of Hope” 3. Mail in the order form below.

GIFTS THAT ARE GUARANTEED TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE

Mosquito Net $12

Chickens $25

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One child dies of malaria every 30 seconds. Sleeping under a treated mosquito net offers protection for precious little ones. GH-0006

For a family with limited opportunities, chickens can provide a source of income and nutrition. GH-0012

Pigs are an excellent income generator - easy to raise and sell in local markets. GH-0002

You can provide a family in a village with safe, clean, accessible water, promoting good health for all. GH-0007

Ensure that a child has all the basics, including uniform, pen, paper and books that he or she needs to attend school. GH-0004

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Eco-Cooker $100

Mother-Child Health $100

Adult Literacy $200

Disaster Relief $20

Goats are great for providing milk and meat for families. They are also easy to care for and breed for income. GH-0001

Environmentally friendly, efficient and cost effective, solar cookers make a big difference in rural communities. GH-0009

Providing basic medical supplies to treat childhood ailments will make a difference to the health and life of rural communities. GH-0008

Change the lives of up to 20 women and their families. Give the gift of education, opening the doors to employment possibilities. GH-0005

Disasters happen with little warning, putting vulnerable lives at risk. Your gift will ensure we are ready to respond. GH-0013

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Mosquito Net $12 Chickens $25 Pig $30 Water $30 Children’s Education $40 Goat $40 Eco-Cooker $100 Mother-Child Health $100 Adult Literacy $200 Disaster Relief $20

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Salvationist - November 2013