Issuu on Google+

k

rBm 218vldefomrf-vldefoDb yDwB; 2099 Vol. 22, No 218, FEBRUARY - MARCH 2005

INDEPENDENCE

umefrdlif;tujemrf=ufhwFif;qlufh |8| yldifyAefcyfhwmrf;rmefjwdzljerf;wB; |11| vDqfgUumefjZB;[dkOf erfhzkdifjerfhnGBj |13| o#rf;acgif;aqmifrsm; zrf;qD;r+ |18| vwfwavmEdkifiHa&;oHk;oyfcsuf |21| jynfwGif;ppfjyefpbdk‹ etzzefwD; |28| Puppet show reopens |36| The ground view disagrees with bird's eye-view |38| Mounting suspense |39|

z5ho,yr9wrm6dyj9bP:xyr 9ujmCoyhpkjpGoyrxGoyp:xyr,k INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

1

22/3/2548, 17:51

20-.


k ]5o b a y xC Hy [b;Hy iuH 9'yr ]5o b ,y K9y-t \y # ]5boyowt xGoy]5boyd6bdyrx6boyrswKT0kTS05b;yt 0K9yhs;yr]wh95dry skTs6db ry ]6dry ];y/ x5o b hy 9b P:xyrv;yz5ho,yrs;yrd6,yr-'y/ d5oyr,5b'yr]wh ]59 b jy ,whd5;dy '. /y oK'yrpb'ry m6djy doy,t 'y/ ]6dhy ]Koys;yrv,yj-yh. s^Tl'y/ xGoo y ,w kr-K;yr9K'yr %$ xu sKoygt 9kj;oyr,5;b hy ow?t gxkr,krp6o b ry z6o b -ty o b6 ry x6o b ry ,6o b l ty o b6 ry 06'b y ,5;b hy @+(# ]5o b ,y K9y-t \y # ;oyr 0:,y l6db ry goj;bory v:ol y db6 ry ,Koyh,krp69 b ry vkj okj06'b hy ,5'b ry gl 9bPx: ry xC9hy z5h9Cory vbdjy z5ho,yrd5oyr,5b'yrd5h0K;yr-5b;yrg0H,5b'yr/ xkr 0G,z y h5 v:osy ;^ ,y Koyh-;y? z5h9Cory d5ory ,5'b ry vbdjy 0;yhakT,5'b ry 9wr9'yro,ygdkh ]whm6djy l6db ry ,Koyh9bPx: ry -'y-d: hy oxyst ;^ l y xb ry / m6'b y 9uhd,yhz:'yh9wKoy.r-:dyh? oy.r;oyrooyt0;yh akTlujgxkT 0;yhd\kjlC'y gdkh l6db ry ,Koyh9b d,y9uh95oyh9ur/ ]dyt]:,yP:xyrd.kj-'y-:dyh 05;yh-K;yrgl v;y9wKxC9yhoy.r9xyt,KoyhxkT m5r sb,ry ;G'ry ]:dhy 0:djy ? 0;yhd\kjlC'o y tw xGo0 y ;yhvK;y-': y 0;yh -6om y o 6 ry v5r voyxo G sy ;^ xy ;yhxkj9ujs^;l y ;b5 y SNLD ? Zgxkh-6oym6oyrv5r 0;yhd\kj06'yj xGoxy hu vwKh 0;yhd\kjlC'Xy voy]hw m6djy 06,ry l6bdyr,Koyh SPDC -;y9bP:xyr/ xkr9'yrz5h o,yroy.r 0wKro69yr s^,yh9'yrlG'yh,:dyh $Q gdkT ,5;b hy s^;] y o b5 a y xC Hy [b;Hy iuH? gxkrp5j9uhd5ory ,5'b ry vbdjy 06,ry xwKr,5'b ry xwKrl6bdyrd5h0K;yr-5b;yrg0H,5b'yr 05b;yrlKoy -9yr]6dz ty o b6 gty 9kjl5h,kr Zxkr0G,0 y ,6 ry ,Koyh awKj9uj,5;jy -gijlujd,yhz:'hy 05;b ry ]Gxhy sGory s^Tm6'b xy o b6 ry c9TX v:ody oyx': jy 0yp . ,: ry sxy;t tw ooyt06b'y voy0y.Tvkjokjs^,yj',yr9Gdyr9G'y ,kr pkjsy>h]whxoyl6oyj]wh0K;yr-5b;yrg0H ,5'b ry / l6ojy ]wh9uj,5;jy -gijluj/ l6ojy ]whd5ory 05;b ry owt xGo0 y ,6 ry l6db ry ,Koyh-.Kdyh,5'b ry d5hl6xb jy d5hxKoy? d5Pyrdkhgxkrp5j9uh,Kdyj9k06,yrl6bdyr ,Koyh-;y9P 5 ry gl oyr. 95ohy 0y-. ;y9': ry 0kT ;wl t ,yt 9'yhc9j @+%) g9kjm6'b p y K,yr]G;y Z#QQ*X/ ]:'hy 0K;yr-5;b ry g0H,5'b ry -;y v:oy doy95'yt96boyj-9yr0y.96dyrp:oyr 9kjl6oyj ]whdKoyxKw r,5'b ry d5hx5'b xy 'b5 o y oy/t gdkTv:osy ;^ y 2

m5;yrokhs^PyrxwKrl5oyr96,yd6,ygdk-6b'yx:'yowt xGoy06,yr,5b'yr9wr Zx5b'y]5'y,oyrxGoyz5ho,yr 9wr206,ry 9wrX,kr d5hx:dhy d5hd,yr/ Z9wrowxt o G y z5hv:osy ;^ p y kT,5'b ry s^,hy 96,9 y dC jy pwKhX-;ysoy m6'b 9 y 9yr,dyr;wo t 'yjow?

sK'y]5boycaH[b;yHiuH z:'yr ) g0H,5b'yr 96dry p:ory 9:ohy 9kjcdh]b9hy xoyskx5'b 'y ;yh x6'b ry ,5'b ry oyr. xK'yd,6 l y zkrxkH]uH,oyHooyt c]hl'y/ 05;b ry owt 06,ry l6db ry ,Koyh-;y 96o b ry 0bcor;kh xGoyp:oytz5ho,yr9wr v:oyclj

voy0y.Tvkjokjs^,yj',yr9Gdyr9G'y,kr pkjsy>h]whxoyl6oyj]wh0K;yr-5b;yrg0H,5b'yr/ l6oyj]wh9uj,5;yj-gijluj/ l6ojy ]whd5ory 05;b ry owt xGo0 y ,6 ry l6db ry ,Koyh-.Kdyh,5'b ry @+%) aCxHy [b;Hy iuH ;oyrmb $S@# voys9 G ry xK'yd,6 9 y hu xK'y]'5 y g9kjm6'b gy xkr xGo,y krg-kh]wh0yx. K'y]'5 y + g-khooyct ]h l'y/ oyr. x5'b 'y ;yhx6'b ry ,5'b ry @+%) 9:ohy @Q voy,5b'yr9wr 9'yr pK'yr]C'y ,url6oyj]wh zK9yjv:djy ,5'b ry s^,hy 96,o y oyct ]hl'y/ @+(@ ]5o b dy \4oyH _S@( ,5;b hy ) g0H,5'b ry Zv,yj xkr,KoyhX sG9ry xK'yd,6 ] y '5 9 y hu 95ohy 9ur ]wh 0yd. oy 9:ohy 9kjm9yrlK'y,o 5 cty ,r x5'b 'y ;yh x6'b ry ,5'b ry Z@+%)X syh> xGo,y 'b5 ry s^,hy 96,cy aHf ciH0C9hy 0K'yjooyt c]hl'y/ @+(# oyr.

p5'yrx5'yr0kT,kr]:oyt]:oytowgl ,wK0y.xC'yr 0'yr 0bcorx6o b z y K;yj,kr9kjglj? ,5b;yhl6bdyr,Koyh-;y 9Gdyr-boysG9yrxK'y d6,] y '5 0 y ;b5 0 ty K9yh NC x:dhy d,yrl:'y Z@)T*T Q%S+T)TQ%Xgl 06,ry d69 b ry l6db ry @$ 06,ry s^,hy doy9d6 ry p:ory 9:ohy 9kjl6ojy ]whxwKr,5'b ry / Zsy>hg0H,5b'yr-;y ,urvkjokjx:'y,wK,uh/ 9Cxyr 99yrI9kr/ z:'ry ',yrs^,jy ]5,hy s'yrd5Pry Xm6'b y 9uh]whd69 b ry p'yt NC xC9hy ooygt dkh,Koyh-;y -yh. 0bcor;khxGoy 06,ry 9wrd69 b ry l6db ry (SSPC) v:oyglkjl5oyrsy>hs^,yhdoy9C,yh9K'yj o'yj

s<'l ty o C jy vk;6,ry / lG'v y ,6 ry 'Cohy -K'yr/ g,kr'K'yr'K'yrgdkh/ g9khv,yj]ud;5 /y p'yr-yh. -5;dy o : jy / d:xhy 'krl:ojy ,K'yh-G;hy sdyr]C;y

Vol. 22, No. 218, 2005

INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

2

22/3/2548, 17:51


INDEPENDENCE d;yj?

sG9ry ooyp;yt ;wKr]'y @$ 06,ry s^,hy doy-xyrsCory ;oyr06'b hy 9wr Z)T#TQ*X/ sG9ry xK'yd,6 9 y hu 95ohy 9urgl m6'b ,y kr +T#TQ* ooyt oyr. dkhz5h-6o b xy K'yvx6 jy d6,y ,dyr,oyhx6o b z y K;yj -:,Hy ,9uHz5hxwKrg,k,5'b ry 9wr SSTCC $_ gdkT ooyt 9kj #* gdkT xkr9'yr 0;yhl5;b m y o C hy / v5r,b\o9 ty Koyr/ v5rl5Pjy v5'ry -;y ]whm6djy 9b d.kj? ;oyr]G;dy oy s^;xy ;yh-6om y o 6 ry v5r c]h z5ho,yroyr. SNLD 0wKro69ry / 0wKr]kTv:'jy / 0;yh9kjv5rZ]6dyh0;yh9kj9boyt 0;yhakT xK'y]': ry X-;ygdkh ]whm6djy 9bPx: ry 9'yrlG'hy $Q gdkT? gxkr95Pyr ]wKrsG9yr06,yrl6bdyr,Koyh -;yotw swKT0kT]5;b ,y ;b5 hy 06,ry -bojy P6oty awKj0:xjy -K;yj-;y9db6 ,ty ru vkjokj]5rd:ojy ? ]:'hy 9bPx: ry z5ho,yr06,yr9wr9'yro,yowt ,5boy,5b;yh06,yr l6db ry goj;bory p69 b ry vkjokj ,5;b hy #T$T(#? o'yjs6;b dy Koy,'b5 ry 9wr vbdjy d5h0K;yr-5;b ry g0H ,5b'yr g9v,yj0K'yh95'yt95;ySs^9yrs^;yd5;y pKoyhd.kjooyt xGo] y Kw rm5;b gy -krdwjco]b'ry ? @%T#TQ* z5ho,yroyr. SSPC 0;yhl6db ry ]5'ydwKjakT d.kjs^xyt0:,yl6bdyr9G'yrlG'yj 9uh 9khd6'yhgl 96dyrp:oyrsy>hxw:jxoy 0;yhl5b;y mCohy / gxkrv,yjooy0,6 ry SSA-N g9v,yj 0K'yh-6o b hy 0:,ry xK'yd,6 y NC ;khow xwK]K9yh ;khSJd9ytl'y;khl5b;ymCoyhS-6oym6oyrv5r d5Pyr/ v,yj]5b;ygl0:,yz:'yr]5'y-boyjP6oyt s;yrp'yr9bd,y/ l5g9-6boyhv,yj-6boyh NC ooyt ,ur9uhl5" owp;y?t ;wKrooytz5hv:oys^;y SSA-N -;ygdkh sG9ry xK'yd,6 9 y hu ';yh'6ory lC'dy ;C gty l v6xjy doy 9:oyh9kjv;y]wKrdKoy,5b'yrl6bxyjg9kjl5h? ]:'yhsCoyrl6bdyr 0y.T]wKrs6dyrswKTooyt ;wtxGoy 9K'yr]5db hy ]6o b ry l69ry ;khow? awKjo6'b hy 9K'yr o6'b hy ,ur-K;yj;kh oyr. okh]boy SSPC (SSA-N+ SSNA) ,5'b ry 9wrx:9ry s<'jy ,K'y9hu owl t db6 ry ,Koyh c]hl6db ry 9wr v,yjm6'b 9 y hu -G'hy -C'p y oyjl6db ry 'k'K,ytg9kjdoygdkh aK'ytl9b95;yh9oyr;wt o'yjdoy];b5 dy ;yj? dG;jy ]5Phy ';yr]wKr05;b ry owt s^;xy ;yh]5'y RCSS/SSA 0;yhp:9hy l6db ry gdkhm9yrlK'y

x:'-ty K'yrcod,yhz:'hy ;kho'yjow? I9krv,yjooy ]:'hy m6djy ,Cohy 06;b hy 0yh. owt v,yj0yh. ;kh05r]:'hy ]u ]wKrp5o b dty oyh d5Pry / 0yT. ]wKr]ys. 9 G ry gdkh]u syh> xGo9 y kjv;y gxt]hw ooyt xGoIy 9krp;y?t u

]:'yhg,kly.j0y.sG9yr0:,yr z % 95;y ZzCo/y z6db ry / z69 b /ty z6o b Xty c]h -5'b hy ]wKr ] % 95;y Z]wKrzCoy/ ]wKrsCoyr/ ]wKrl5h/ ]wKr96db ry X 05;b ry owxt o G Iy 9krm6djy ,Cohy ? u

s^Tp5j;khv,yjm6dyj]whxGoy'5r]5b,yxy.T mkh-:oytZ0G;yrc]hoKoyr 9dyr]wh m6djy 9bXowgl9kT l,ydt ,6 jy xyT. -K;yrpK,yr,kr 9bdyr9bdyrooyt xGoy]wKrp5jawKjdKoytx6oyh Zxoyzh5 -Gop y j5 awKjgxtxo 6 hy X? u

l5xry d.K,yrswKw T/ ]5,ry swKT 0yl . ,yv t ,yjswKT Z95;yv,yjs9yrc9tXowt okj]5b;y,C;yr g-kTp:,y v,yj0K'yhv;yox5 ru 95;p y j.y ?

u

u

d:xhy sdy0 t ;b5 0 ty K9yhc]h ]:'hy 06o-ty ;yh -:dhy 06'b l y ,yst 9yrp5j/ pKoyvd: jy 95'jy

z5h-Gogy 9kjl5h9K'yro:dhy l,yv t ,yjs9yrowt 0K'yhxGo] y Kw r9K'yr95db hy 9oy? ,5o b 9 y K'yrv;y dKoys;yr9wKxC9hy -6'b hy o6'b hy ? o:dhy gls9yr06oty -;yh-:dhy ooyt ]u,ru 9K'yr]5db hy 9K'yj]wKr? z5ho,yr9wr ]whm6djy 9b-'yotw awKjo6'b hy 9K'yro6'b hy 0K'yh,uro,y9 t o : ry / 0K'yh,ur z5ho,yrs6oyh,y.jZ06xyhlCoyr,y.jX-;y g,k0Gxyr 0ys. 9yrsKoygl ]xyo t ,ydt 9y9 t ;b5 ry -Cojy dCojy -C'y]5b;yd;yj? u

u

s9yr,'ySv,yjs9yr,'yz5h-Goyowt p5j 9uh;kh 0:'jy s9yr9Cxry 99yrx69ry -K9yj?

u

]6dyt9uhawrz5b'yrsy>hg,kpGoyrxGoyawr z6o b ry 2awr06ory dCxjy ?

xGosy ;b6 gy dkhp;yt xGody ;ygt dkh]wKr/ voy 0wKr9w:js<dyhvbdyjgxkh;Koyhc,h,5b'yrs;yr ,6'yh ,:'ry / ,K'yjd5;b ry p5jpK,yr]G;o y tw SJz5ho,yr9wr ]whm6djy 9bPx: ry gdkh/ pkjsyh> 9ujmCohy pGory xGop y x: ry ,k gld,yr"? lG'-y ;yjs<dhy Z#T$TQ*X

* ;oyrv,yjxwj: / mC'hy @Q ;oyr u

o

mC'hy * ;oyr9G,9 y ,G y gxkrv,yjxwj: xoydo 5 ry ]5'sy ;yrc9t s;yr,'y-o b6 ry 96boyrp6b;yrd,yr]G;yow]kj? ,5;b hy ]G;gy xkrx5o;ty oyr,oyr,kr p;yt-kh]5rM?

v5;b hy 1 xyT. 95Pry mC'hy @Q ;oyr #Q ;oyrd:ojy c]h gxkrv,yjxwj: c9t m6djy ]us9 G ry s6;b y 0'yjdwh: ;5om ty 'C hy d,yro6'b hy d.kh? Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

3

22/3/2548, 17:51

3


k oK'yrpb'ry z5h-;yhxkr

P]C pQn] P]C n];C sicu :] t};

oyr. 06,ry v:osy ;^ xy kj9uj,yj. l6'0 y 'b6 hy 9wrd5hx:dhy 06;b hy 06b;yhs^'yrsGoyr gxkhc,h xud9 b5 jy

xuho:'sty ,^ hy 9:'ty

okhs^o b ry

]6dyh]K'yr

9uhp5j ;oyrlG'yh,6oy

oK'yr-,yrP5;yj Katherine Sao-O 0;yhv5;jy Zv,K9yh-\4dyhS,5'b ry pwX oK'yr-bojy 9Koyt Z-5;b ry dbo,y 'b5 ry mo6S dg]kr 9yh. 0;yhakTlk,5'b ry -,yr ,5'b ry s^,hy 96,0 y 'b6 hy 9wrX @+$) 9uhgskv,K9yh-\4dyhSx:d;ty 'G ry 0Koyr/ ,5'b ry pw {@+%$ s^;b ry ,boy l6db ry d\xoyj,krxwj: ,Kdyjc]h 0;yhv,K9yh-\4dyh0;yhv5;jy g,r]5'2y owT: / o:'] ty o b6 ry 0;yhoK'yrmkr lG'hy ,6o0 y ,: ry doy/ 0;yh-,yrP5;jy 96db dty k. j-6o b hy s^'ry sGory 9uh]khlG;hy c]h ]:9hy xC9hy } ,ur Z%X gdkT/ Z0wKr @ pb'ry $X @T 0;yhoK'yrl60kjiuj ]6 @+_* 9uh9khd6'hy Zc,h0;yhlujs dG'ry ;uX c9jokhs^o b ry d6db ry 0;yhgokj,\kT Z@+(Q z5hsK9yr'Koy xK'y9db6 ry 9K'yp t KoyrX 0;yhgokj,\kT]6,;b5 hy #QQQ 9uh9K'yp t Koyr #T 0;yhz5;ry -:'jy Z0wKrX ]6,;b5 hy @+_Q xwK 9uh]khlG;hy $T 0;yhoK'yr-,yrP5;jy %T 0;yhmkr Zpb'ry mkrX ]6,;b5 hy @+%$ 0;yhd5;ry Z]6dhy v,K9yh-\4dyh,5'b ry ]5o b ry X xGoz y ': ry 9Cory ,5'b ry ]5o b ry ,5;b hy @+(Q ;wKr]5db hy 9'yh? ]6,;b5 hy @+_* 9uh]w': o b6 ry sb,ry ;KoyhxK'ydK.w r v5'b jy ,5'b ry 96'y g0H;G'ry lujgxkT? Z0;yhl5;b sy ,^ jy akT lCo;y u ,oyhxoyc]h xGody x5 dty h5 doy,;b5 hy @+*+ 9uh]khlG;hy X? @T 0wKr]5o b ] y 'C ry Z-l] z5ho'yh]6,ry v6xxty 'b5 jy 9xy0 t ,6 ry ) SSAX d59 b jy @+(@ 9uho:'v y xC ry ,5'b ry dK;y #T 0wKr]5o b -y ,yr d59 b jy @+)@ 9uh]w-: ;b5 ry $T oK'yr]5o b sy ,< y d59 b jy @+)* %T 0wKr]6o b ry -,yr d59 b jy 9uhxK'ylK'yr @+)) x:dty ( ;Koyhsbo9 y dC jy Zm59 b m ty rw X @%2@2#QQ* pK,yr @Qr@Q ,5'ry 9uhs^'ry pksbo9 y dC jy vkjp6 (_

-K;yr9K'yrsGory s^T9K'yrg,k c]h okhdKoy @+%#S%$ d.kj-6o b hy s^'ry sGory c9j0oy't ;yh2dK'y Guardian Angles' Convent School, Lashio Zdq'yrowKr-K;yX @+*) 05xry x5o0 ty oyt @Q matric 9uh]khlG;hy ZxKoy Democracy ]5'xy ': 0 y 'b6 hy AFPFLX @+($ d.kj-6o b hy s^'ry sGory l:oxy o G -y r5 TTC 9uh95ohy 9ur # xu @+(* c9jsG9ry -5rl:o0 y oy't ;yh 9uh9K'yp t Koyr @+(_ xGoz y h5 d:ory s^'ry sGory 0oydt K'y 9uh9K'yp t Koyr

-K;yr9K'yrdKoy0; b5 0 ty K9yh @+)Q @+)@

0;yhoK'yr-,yrP5;jy 4

@+)$

]6d9 ty K'yp t Koyr-;yhm5o b jy d.kjsKxyjdKoy0;b5 0 ty K9yh oyr. SSA 0:,ry 0;yhz5;y x:9yrokr-kj? Z;wt]6dyh]K'yroy.rs^boyrX xGov y P 5 ry ]uxkj9uj2dC,z y h5 -;yhxkj9uj ,5;b hy 9'yhxkj9uj,yj. l6'0 y 'b6 hy 9wr SSPP 9uh -6,jy xK'yd'G ry ]5o b /y ]Gxhy sGory xwKr,5'b ry / lGohy 9K'yrokhdKoyxkj9uj xGoz y h5 -;yhxkj9uj SSPP 9G,9 y ;5 y

[1937-2005]

Vol. 22, No. 218, 2005

INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

4

22/3/2548, 17:51


INDEPENDENCE @+)* @+_Q @+_@ @+_$

@++$ @++( @+++

-;yhd.kj';yh'6ory xK'ylK'yrS0:,ry z5h,ur0oyt SSA/SSPP ,5;b hy xGov y P 5 ry ]u CPB sKxyjdKoyxGoys^;yokhpb'yrxkj9uj/ d6,yrpbxyr0:whs<'yhdKoyxwKrxPkj2]6,yrI9kr2 s<'hy dKoypxG -ty ;5 ry ,6d0 ty ,6 ry / -6o b hy xGo0 y oy-t o 6 l y db6 ry -6o b hy xGo0 y oy-t o 6 l y db6 ry ]5'Sy xGody ,C -y ,: jy ,9uj';yh'6ory xGoz y h5 -;yh-:,jy ,9uj';yh'6ory / ]5'ry ,krxK'yd,6 ] y '5 xy kj9ujx:dhy # 9uhdb;jy s^dry ]Co] y o b ?y ]wh-6o b hy xGo0 y oy0 t ;yhsKoy? pbxry ]6,ry ';yh'6ory xkj9uj x69hy 9Cory 0;yh-.Koy,5b'yr 9uhs^;y,5b'yrS,5b'yr,y.j ,5b;yh SSA/SSPP x:9yr0Koyr]6pwKhd,yro6b'yhooytS s^;yx;yh]5'y SUA 0;yh -6ol y kj 9wj: lwK]5,ry s<'cty ]h 0wKr]Gddty k. jsxyxt 9 : ry ;Koyh;kT Z;Koyh,yj. lwKr-K;yX -krsKoy v5'b jy s^Phy zk c,hs<'hy l:oy ,krp5jsbo9 y dC jy 9'yr]6dhy ]K'yr? ,kr0wh: sKxyjdKoyxo G y z5hd:ory s^'ry sGory 05;b 0 ty K9yh ;Koyhm59 b m ty rw / g9kjm6'b y SURASSA-SUA $ 06,ry s^,hy s<,ry doyxo G y MTA ]whm6djy 9C'jy 9'yhxGosy ;^ o y khawKjoK'yrpb'ry oyr. gdk05;b 0 ty K9yh SSNC ? 9uhs^;y,5b'yr/ dxyrl6bxyj06,yroK'yrpb'yrd5h,5b'yr,5b'yrd,yro6b'yhSvK'yhg9]whd.kj xK'yd6,y]5'yoK'yrpb'yr]6,yhakT9uh x5bPyd\b'yr ,5b'yrc-j ]6dyts^;y,5b'yr]5'yr,krc,hs<'yhl:oy 0:,yr0;yh-6boyrly.2lC'y06boyh xGo9 y hu 95'b jy xK'yjz6db ry lk 06,ry x:'dy Koyc,h;Koyhm59 b m ty rw xGody ,ydKoym;yh ;Koyhm;yhokr/ z5h,wKpbxyr'6boyr 06,yrg9krzCoyjc,h;Koyh/ xGoyz5hd6,yrdKoy s^'ry sC,ry ,5j;Koyh/ awKj9:'hy 9G;ry ,5j;Koyh q

uefhvmwfjtwhvmwfj0Mj? orfhyB.beMjy.Bbvif Well spoken, but exposed from front to rear áÁŒ¡ÒþٴàÍÒ¨ÃÔ§àÍҨѧ ¡ÅѺ»Å‹ÍÂ˹ŒÒ»Å‹ÍÂËÅѧ ajymawmh[kwfwdywfwd -unfhawmha¶S‹ay:aemufay:

oK'yr0K,y9': ry ]whsxyl t r5 iK'yr;oyr l6oyj]whd5oyrmC'yh

-:,Hy xouH iuH[5dty x6o b z y K;yjd.kj;kh voy ]5db hy ;wo t K'yrpb'ry Zvkjp6 $Q ]5'ry 9yh. X % gdkT 9:oyh9kjxoyl5riK'yr;oyr l6oyj]wh d5ory x6ohy xu #QQ* ooyt xkroK'yrpb'ry 9wr gdkTo6'b hy 9'yroK'yrpb'ry 05;b ry 95'o ty 'b6 9 y kj l6ojy ]whd5ory 9K'yj,5'b ry mC'hy $ gdkT? -:,Hy xouH iuH[5dty ,5'b ry vg,jibd (USA) voys9 G ry -wK-5'b hy -:'v y db jy -5;ry o6'hy awKj]Gohy sC'yrZduH]kHX9'yr]6,yhakTowt dwTxoyl5r

iK'yr;oyrl6oyj]whd5oyr,kr d5hxuc]h 9kjxu #QQ* owt oK'yrpb'yr,5b'yr g-\H-b\oyHp5b;yH @ gdkT/ oK'yrpb'ry ,5'b ry ,Cdl ty Hu d5;Hy @ gdkT/ oK'yrpb'ry ,5'b ry ]bxHy [b\3;yH @ gdkT vbdjy oK'yr pb'ry ,5'b ry 9wr @ gdkT voyxo G o y K'yr0K,y9': ry z5h-;yh 06,yrdxyrlKoy ]:'yhoK'yrpb'yr9wr (SWAN)? voy]5bdyh;twoK'yrpb'yr % gdkTooyt 9:ohy 9kj05;b ry -;yg90K'yh l6xb jy 95'o ty 'b6 -y 'b6 y x:'ydKoy'Koyrl6oyj]whd5oyrd.kjmC'yh? -:,yHx ouHiuH[5dty g9o:xjy p6o b hy xoy l5riK'yr;oyr @ gdkT]y. *QjQQQ gfkH]5b;yHZ# ]Koyt ;K9yj0,y0,yX? oK'yr0K,y9': ry Zvkjp6 #$ xuXowt xGoz y h5 -9yr0y-. ;yhs^,hy 95'o ty 'b6 o y r.y 06,ry SWAN 9:ohy 9kjl6ojy ]whoK'yrpb'ry c]h l6oyj]wh0K;yr-5b;yr,5b'yrloy]w:-;y,kr -K;yr 9K'yr %S* xu? voy SWAN s^,hy s<,ry 9'yr SHRF {d;yt

';yhl6ojy ]whd5ory 06'b hy 9wr}gl vb9jy v:djy x6o b cy zh xxy] t Kw r'Koyr J]wKHlCoHy mK'yjsK'yh doy0 t oy" (Licence to Rape) oyr. xu #QQ# dxyrdwKj]:'yh 06,yrl6bdyr,Koyh,krdoyt0oy]5 ]wKoK'yrpb'ry ,5'b ry 9wr Z@++( g9kj #QQ#X (#* gdkT Z]wK9uh]wK9K'yr dkho'yjp6o b ry -6b9yrs^T]whXS m6b'y9uhsG9yrsy>h06b;yhpy.j-:oyr p:oyh9'yr]6,yhakTs^Tm6b'y 95b;yt0y.d.kjooyt oK'yr0K,y9:'yrgdkh -;yhxkr-9yr0y. -6b'yx:'y 0wh: gdkTo6'b hy ? gxkrm6'b ,y kr]5o b gy ,H @@ ;oyr p5j9uh -:,Hy xouHiuH[5dty g9-xyrsCory xK'ypo b6 hy iK'yr ;oyr 9uhz5h]whsxytl5r-;y dkh9uh0oyt0:,y -kH]uHgakHouHp5b;yH,5b'yr USA ? -:,yHx ouHvoyowt c9jxoyl5riK'yr;oyr,kr 9'yh c9jxu @++_ c]h d5ory (Q xwK oyr. $* ,5b'yr gxkr]whsxytiK'yr;oyr,krp;yt? Irrawaddy (7.3.05)

Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

5

22/3/2548, 17:51

5


k

dC,sy ;^ xy ;yhxkj9ujs^;l y ;b5 y 0;yhl5;b sy ,^ jy ,5'b ry lG'hy ,6oy 0;yhl5;b sy ,^ jy ,5'b ry Zs6;b Xy -6o9 y kjgvr voyxo G z y ': ry 9Cory c]h dC,sy ;^ xy ;yh xkj9uj s^;l y ;b5 y Z';yh'6ory 9uj,5;jy -gijluj05;b -ty ;b5 ry 9wr SNLD voygxtxK'y]db5 hy 9'yh @++Q ]wh9uh o'yho,yl9 6 ry mb # oyr. ,5'b ry s^,hy 96,y c]h mb @ oyr. ,5'b ry 9wrx9yrx6o b Xty vkjp6 )Q owt lG'yhd,yHl69yr,6oyd.kj 9uhs^boyr,oyr0;yh ;G'yro,yt-,yr pK,yr9G'yh-6boyr0wKT ;oyrmb ##2#2Q*? -6oy9kjgvrowt d5b9yj9uh ;G'yrlCoy;u ,5;b hy @+$* ]5o b gy ,H @$ ;oyr? @+*+ d.kj -6boyhsGoyr9uhxK'yl:oyawKjx]bdyhgl 9'yh c9j @+(Q g9kj @+)* ]whsKxyjdKoyxo G y 0;yhokh9uh awKjx]bdhy 9uh;G'ry ]khlG;hy c]h ;G'ry o,y-t ,yr? @+)% g9kj @+_% ]whsKxyj dKoyxGoy s^;yx;yh-:'yjlujd5oyr,5b'yr oy.rxKoy rqv = BSPP? ,5b;yhgdkj9'yhd5b9yjv:dyjxkj9ujs^;yl5b;y SNLD ,5;b hy @+__ ooygt dkh xkr0:,ry gdkT o6'b hy gl xGoz y h5 -;yhgdkx:'dy Koyo,yrokho'yj d;yj? m6'b ,y kr @++Q ,5;b hy sG9ry xK'y]db5 hy 9'yh l6xb jy okh @#

SNLD

'kOuUX uG,v f e G f

'kOuUX o#r;f jynfajrmufyikd ;f erfhcrf;òrd@e,fv$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f OD; pdkfif;omat; (touf 70) [m 22/2/05 erfch rf; òrd@aetdrrf mS uG,v f eG o f mG ;ygw,f? 1990 a±G ; aumuf y G J r S m cd k i f v H k r J 20,190 &&Sd+yD;awmh SNLD &J@ erfhcrf;òrd@e,f PM tjzpfa±G;aumufwifajr‡mufcH&ygw,f? 1935 ck arv (13) &uf o#r;f jynf ajrmufydkif; odEMDòrd@rSmarG;zGm;cJhol cGefom at;[m 1959 rE aW v;rSm &Jt&m&Sd oif wef ; wuf a &muf c J h + yD ; 1960 rS 1975 cktxd vm;±_d;ESifh erfhcrf;wdk‹rSm &Jt&m&Sd tjzpf wm0efxrf;aqmifcJhygw,f? jrefrmhqdk&S,fvpfvrf;pOfygwD (rq v) acwfrmS 1974 rS 1984 txd erfch rf; òrd‹e,fjynfo‹l aumifpOD uUX tjzpf wm0ef SNLD

6

xrf;aqmifcJhygw,f? OD;pdkif;omat;eJ@ EdkifiHa&;vufwGJ vkyu f ikd cf w hJ hJ OD;pdik ;f vdejf rwf utckvakd jym ygw,f? “usaemhpw d x f J pGpJ +JG rJ+rJ&adS ewmu awmh OD;pdkif;omat;[m jynfolvlxkxJ 0if+yD; qufqHwJhae&mrSm vl}uD;§ i,f§ vwf tqifhtwef;cGJjcm;r_r&Sdygbl;? tm; vHk;udk wef;wlajymqdkqufqHwwfawmh 'DtjzpfawG pdwfxJpGJusefcJhygw,f?” ruG,fvGefcifrSm SNLD OuUX cGef xG e f ; OD ; tzrf ; cH & wJ h o wif ; ud k od o G m ; w,fv@kd erfch rf; SNLD òr@d e,ftwGi;f a&;r–; OD;pdkif;cspfaqGuajymygw,f? “oltyd &f mxJ aewmwvavmuf&ydS g+yD? r+yD;jywfao;wJh qufvkyf&rJhvkyf ief;wm0efawGtwGuf vnf; vli,fawGukd ol r=umc%rSm=um;

wwfygw,f? OuUX tzrf;cH&wJh udp=P um;& awmh olydk+yD; pdwfraumif;jzpfw,f? ol@ a&m*gtajctae twGuf yd+k yD;vufav#mh vmovdkjzpf wmaygh?” 2004 rSm rlp,fòrd@e,fpmay,Ofaus; r_aumfrwDu OD;pdik ;f omat;udk p0faqcefzS qkcsD;jr‡ifhcJhygw,f? ol@&J@ psmyeudk SSA-, SSNA, SNLD tzG@J 0ifrsm;/ a±$vòD r@d pnfyif om,ma&;t&m&Sdrsm;eJ@ rlp,ferfhcrf;òrd@ e,f o#rf;pmay,Ofaus;r_tzGJ@0if/ òrd@rd òrd@zrsm;u ol@±kyfuvmyfudk vma&muf *g&0ðycJ=h uw,fv@kd ol@om;}uD;OD;pdik ;f vHu k ajymjyygw,f ? ol @ &J @ ±k y f u vyf u d k 24 January 2005 u o+*õKvfcy hJ gw,f? oluG,fvGefcsdefrSm ZeD; a':eef;crf; vsJef;eJ@ om; 3 OD; orD; 2 OD;usef&pfcJh ygw,f? o

Vol. 22, No. 218, 2005

INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

6

22/3/2548, 17:51


INDEPENDENCE

l6db ry ,Koyhxkrd:'hy xwKh05rl6db ry 9wr p:ogty xtdo b dy oy ,5;b hy #_T#TQ* pK,yr @(r$Q ,5'ry ooyt l6bdyr,KoyhgdkTo6b'yh xkrd:'yhxwKh,kr05r9xyt 06,ry ()_ okh]bol y db6 ry dG'ry 96'y SSA-S sb,ry ;Koyhvkrd5;b hy Sv5'b jy ,5'b ry dKoyr Z0,y]o C y

]bom y rw awKj0Koyro,yl t Kw X p:ov ty ,yjsKoyt 0y. d:xhy gxtdo b dy oy/ d:xhy ]5]Kw oK'yrpb'ry 0K;yr -5;b ry 05;b ry owt ,oyr;khow? l6bdyr,Koyhvoyxkrd:'yh (MA-11) @

l6db ry sKoyzh5 ,ur0oyt vbdjy ]6dhy sGory o]l dG'ry 96'y (SSA-S) -;yxT.y sxy9 t o : hy xoys'C ry l6db ry sKoy-o b jy ]9yt

tEdik u f sirhf a+ -umifh

SSA-S

wyfwiG ;f Edik x f ufp;D eif;r_rsm;/ wdik ;f &if; ol trsKd ;orD;rsm;tm; rw&m;ðyusirhf r_ sm; tay: pdwef mrdojzifh 28/2/05 ae@ 16:30 em&DY etzppfom;wOD;onf wmcsv D w d f taemufzuf rde;f uef;wdu k ef ,f tm;au tcg±GmteD;/ (xdkif;e,fpyfESifhodyfra0; aom erfhqdkife,fjcm;acsmif;zsm;awmif zuf)wGif SSA-S wyfr[m 678 xH vuf euftjynfhjzifh vma&mufyl;aygif;cJh .? MA11 wpfvuf/ usnf 238 awmif/h usnu f yf 3 ck/ vufypfA;kH 1 vH;k / rdik ;f eif; 1 vH;k ygvmol wyfom;cifvwf touf 29 ESpf (w§264180) onf rdik ;f ysi;f tajcpdu k f cv& 43 (&if;r–; Aru 0if;axG;) wyfcJG 4 (cGJr–; Adkvf0if;vd_if) rSjzpf.? {&m0wDwdkif; usHKaysmfòrd@e,f rusnf;vwf±GmZmwdjzpf

];yr ,Kdyjd:'hy #$_ ]6dhy / ,Cdty $ zdyr/ ,Kdyj x:,ry @ ]6dhy / ,KdyjpGxjy @ ]6dhy xwKh05rl6db ry 9wrowt 06;b hy l6db ry sKoy -bojy ]9yt Z,wK-xy9 t ;5 y 92 #(%@_QX vkjp6 #+ p5joyr. 9xyct z % Z-6oyl6bdyr;boyr]C'yjd:oyrX/ 9xytd:'y %$ Z,5'b ry xG'ry X Z0l] ;bory m5Pry d:ory X? gxkh c,h06;b hy v5r9bojy ,:'jy Z,KoyhX o'yz t ': jy g]r ZpK'yrX p5j;Koyh,d\ur]9y/t g0H;G'ry d\3'yj gx\kj/ 95b'yrgvjikj;9uj/ ,urxuho:'yt $ gdkT xGoygdkT]6boyr? -;yhl6bdyr,5b;yh s^;yxu #QQ@ z6db ry dKoyldb6 ry 9uh pc,r9bory % ]5o b -y 'b6 hy ? ,5b;yhsK'yxu #QQ$ z:'yr9xytd:'y-;yp5j m'yx:9yr,5b'yrg9kT,5b'yrmkr Zg0H;G'yr,5b'yr 95oyXooyt s^;yl6bdyr;boyrv:'yj oy.r9xytcz -;y 9b,9y;t o tw K'yrpb'ry 9wr $ gdkT 9kjdoyt 0oy? ,oyr0wKrgvr]5],: xy j:w xoy syh> -;yxKw h ]:9hy xC9hy c]h ]whm6djy gxkTm6xty *S(Q d,yr gl v;y-'y-d: hy ;wt $ ]5o b ?y 9'yhc9jooy,t kr gdkh 0Gxyr0y.gl xy.Tsk96b;yt9K'yr-K;yrpK,yr 9kj]dyv t d: jy xwKh owp;y?t q

xHetzppfom; xGuaf jy;vm

+yD; tzOD;wifarmif (Arm) ESihf eef@azgiaf v; (u&if) wdk@.om;orD; 3 a,mufxJrS taxG;qH;k om;jzpf.? 2001 wGif ppfx0J if +yD; ysOf;rem; Y 4 vcGJ oifwef;wufcJh& oljzpfonf? 2003 ESpfaESmif;ydkif;u rdkif;wHkòrd@e,f rde;f awmh/ rde;f xm; (etztac: rH;k axmf§ rH;k x) bufwiG f cv& 43 rSwm0efusaepOf u ‚if;wd@k . wyfcrJG S wyf=uyf0if;atmifu rw&m;ðyusifh&ef&nf±G,fcsufjzifh o#rf; trsd K ;orD ; 3 OD ; tm;zrf ; qD ; wk w f a ES m if xm;=u.? wyfom;cifvwfu r±_pdrfhEdkif ojzif h oem;+yD ; wd w f w qd w f v G w f a y; vdu k &f m tcsuaf ygi;f 5-60 cef@ ±du k Ef u S x f ;kd }udwcf &H onfomru tcsKyfaxmif 3 v uscHcJh&onf? xdktcsefrSpI etzppfwyf

rS xGufajy;&eftcGifhtvrf;ESifh tcsdeftcg udk apmifph m;aecJo h nf[k xGuq f o kd nf? wyfom;cifvwftm; SSA-S usdKif; wHpk pfrsuEf mS rS t&m&S2d t&mcH t=uyfwyf om;rsm;ESihf ausmif;olrsm;u óudqt kd m; ay;=upOf? q

Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

7

22/3/2548, 17:51

7


k

dKoy,5b'yrcdhoK,ys^dyt9C'yr05dyt xGoydwjo5dytv:oyjoy.r];ytx5boyh ;oyrmb )T#TQ* voyxo G ;y oyr05;b 0 ty K9yh06'b hy 9wr-:xhy -5xjy *_ xu? dkh9uh]6,ry 9xy0 t ,6 ry ) -:'0 y ,6 ry d69 b ry l6db ry SSA-N ,ur0xyrlGohy 9K'yr-.kjP5;jy x:dv ty d5 z ty ;5 jy ;G'ry 95ohy 9ur? p5j9uh lCory s6ohy ,yj. ,5'b ry 9wr NGSS 9'yr06,ry d69 b ry l6db ry SNPLO Z06,ry 9kjdc]j xv5;ry ]C'Xy -;y s^,hy doysK'yhsCory sG9ry ;oyrd59 b jy c,h,5'b ry 9wr(trdo#r;f jynfarG;ae@) owgl ,:djy m6'b y @Q 06,ry xwK ,krv6xjy d6,dy oyc]h ,urd5ory -6o b hy s<9hy $_ gdkT Z0:,ry o'yjlwK,wKdkhs^T]wh voycod6db ry xkrX? @T SSNRLD v5rl5Pjy v5'ry Zxkj9uju v,yj]whsxy] t db5 hy voyxkroyr. UNLDX/ v5rxkT9bojy ? #T SSPFL Zix] d;yjX v5rP6o,ty ': jy ? $T SSTCC Z-:,yj,9ujd5b;yrd6,y z5hxwKrg,k,5b'yr9wrX ]6'yr-6oyx.K'yt/ 0wKr9:'yrZdG'yr96'yX/ ]6'ry -6ol y K,yZ95ohy 9urX/ 0;yhl5;b o y ': ?y %T SNPLO (&vvz) 0;yhsKoyl'G jy ;bory o:'jy vbdjy mC'hy $ gdkT? *T SNLD Zs^;l y ;b5 Xy 0wKr]kTv:'jy / 0;yh9kjv5r? (T SSPC 0;yhl5;b m y o C hy / 0wKr-,yr,K;yr/ 0wKrl6,Koy/ 0wKrv5rlC'/y 0wKr0wKr? )T PSLO Z06,ry x]:'hy X # gdkT? _T NGSS ZlCory s6ohy ,yj. ,5'b ry 9wrX v5r,b\oy9 t Koyr/ PujPuj,5;ry / goj,G;ry / 0wKr,G;ry ,bory m6ory / IlkjP5;jy m5Pry / v5rm6ory P5;jy Zv'yrlkrd,yho,yX? +T MTA 0;yh-.Koy,5b'yr/ 0wKrz5;yr9kr? @QT KNSP Z06,ry dpK'yrX v5r-uro5;jy / v5rcprv:'jy c]h mC'hy @ gdkT voymd6 jy 9b? @@T UWSA Z06,ry ;kTX ;5Pm y o b jy 0.3b ;yr c]h mC'hy @ gdkT? @#T DP Zxkj9uj9uj,5;jy -gijlujX v5r96;P 5 jy ? @$T AFPFL (zqyv) oK'yr-\3;yj-\3;yjgd\kjPG'ry / ,kTv5'jy ,kj/ d5;jy gvr]6ojy Zvoy;kh xGoyo:oyoy.ro5b;yt d5oyr ovzX/ d5oyrmwj VDO mC'yhgdkTo6b'yh Zvoy -Cxyr,oyr0G;yrm6b'y,6b;yrx]bdyh,Koyh?X 9'yhc9jpK,yr +rQQ m6'b y @@rQQ ,5'ry ooyt ,urz5hpyj. *S( gdkT x5'gy -khd.K,yr 0;yh l5;b m y o C hy sG9ry z5ho'yh06'b hy v5r,b\oy9 t Koyr sG9ry z5hdC;xy K'y? v:o9 y K'yrl69ry 0;yhl5;b y mCohy -whcop5'b ry vKoyr ]:'hy ]whs<'v ty x6 jy v5;ry / ]:'hy -:9jy z:9hy ,kr -:,jy ,9ujd5;b ry d6,y z5hxwKr g,k,5'b ry 9wr SSTCC voy,ru z5h9Cory x:9ry s<'jy 20Koyr2v:djy + gdkT voyvx6 jy d6,dy oy m6'b ,y kr x:dhy mb $ d,yrow?t Zc9jgdkj9'yhmb @ ,5;b hy %S*2@@2Q% SSA-N d69 b ry l6db ry @* xu9,G y 9uhlC'dy ;C /ty x:dhy mb # v6xjy doy9hu ]khlG;hy ]5o b f y Hu lC,Hy [5;b Hy #QQ%X ]wh]5db hy v;yvr5 ,\boty 9KoyrZz5ho,yr NGSSX xGoz y h5 -KoyxKdyj SSTCC glx6o b z y K;yjxGo9 y K'yrdKoy syh> d5h06,ry s^Tm6b'yp:,yrsxytdxyrlKoydoyd.kj? -xy,t Kw # v5rl5Pjy v5'ry ]5vKoyjcog-khx6o b z y K;yj-:'y 06,ry SSNRLD ]:'hy m9yrlK'y soym6b'y';yr]wKrdKoy,5b'yrpK,yr]G;y m6dyjsG9yrl'yM? -xy,t Kw $ 0;yh-.Koy,'b5 ry 9K'yjco]:'hy 9kj l6xb jy 96dry p:ory l6ojy ]whoyr. NC d.kjmC'hy ? ]whdkhs6;b y v;ydkhooy?t ,url'ygdkh]5'] ty 'C ry s^,hy s<,ry doy? z5h-;yhxkroyr. SSTCC owt v,yj]u xGoyz5h9Coyr06,yr]y.? sy>hxGoy06,yr9K'y95;yd5oyr,5b'yrp6,yjp,yx6b'yhvb'ySl5xyrp,yd.K,yrdkh? -xy,t Kw % ]6'ry -6oxy K. 'yt 9K'y9;5 y SSTCC x:9ry 0Koyrgl ]K9yh;kh,url'ygdkh syh> dxyr l6xb jy x:'jy ]C'ry doy? x:9ry s<'jy 0;yhv5rd\kjxGoy z5h9K'y9;5 /y x:9ry v:djy xGo0 y Kw r9:'ry / xK'yvx6 jy v5;ry owt xGo9 y kjp:,ry sxyt SSTCC ? 8

ql;-um;u Al;cg;Ektvm; wdik ;f &if;om;rsm;. jynfwiG ;f Edik if aH &; azaz:0g&D v 7 &ufwGifus a&mufonfh 58 }udrfajrmuf o#rf;jynf trsKd ;om;ae@? awmif}uD;òrd@ tkyzf &kd yfuu G f cGm!dv k rf;&Sd typf&yfajrmufyikd ;f SSA wyf r[m 7 ±H;k aetdr?f rsKd ;qufopf (o#r;f jynf) acgi;f aqmifrsm;ESihf typf&yf SNPLO (OuUX wmcJ v ,f O D ; pD ; aom &vvz ytd k 0 f ; eD tzG@J ) wd@k yl;aygi;f pDpOfurux ðy+yD; trd o#rf;jynfarG;ae@[laomtrnfjzifh aqG; aEG;yGJtcef;tem;w&yfðyvkyfcJh=u.? xdk tcef;tem;odk tzG@J 13 zG@J rS acgi;f aqmif udk,fpm;vS,f 38 OD;wufa&mufcJh=u.? vufvSrf;rDod&Sdor#tzGJ@tpnf;ESifh acgif; aqmif y k * ~ d K vf r sm;. trnf p m&if ; rS m atmufygtwdkif;jzpfonf? 1. SSNRLD (UNLD tzG@J 0if o#r;f jynf wdkif;&if;om;vlrsdK;pkrsm; 'Drdkua&pD tzG J @ csKyf ) rS yif v H k u G e f z &if h w uf a&mufzl;ol o#rf;jynf0g&ifhEdkifiHa&; orm;}uD; OD;a±$tkef;? 2. SSPFL (o#rf;jynfjynfol@vGwfvyf a&; - &vvytzG@J 0ifa[mif;) rS OD; !$ef@armif? 3. SSTCC (o#rf ; jynf y nm&S i f r sm; twdkifyifcHaumfrwD) rS OD;cGefyGifh/ pdkif;awmif; (usdKif;wHk)/ OD;boif/ OD;cGefqrf (awmif}uD;)/ OD;ausmf0if; (tif;om;) ac: p0faqaemif? 4. SNPLO (o#rf ; jynf v l r sd ; aygif ; pH k jynfo@l vGwaf jrmufa&;tzG@J ) rS Adv k f r–;pde0f if;aemifEiS hf tjcm; 3 a,muf? 5. SNLD (o#rf ; wd k i f ; &if ; om;rsm;'D r d k ua&pDtzGJ@csKyf) rS pdkif;vSatmif/ p0fomOD;? 6. SSPC (o#rf ; jynf + id r f ; csrf ; a&; aumifpD) rS AdkvfcsKyfaqxJef@/ pkdif; 2005

Vol. 22, No. 218, 2005

INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

8

22/3/2548, 17:51


m;

INDEPENDENCE crf;arm(0f)/ pdik ;f [efatmif/ pdik ;f OD;qdik f (awmif}uD;±Hk;wm0efcH)/ pdkif;pdkif;? 7. PSLO (yavmifjynfe,fvw G af jrmuf a&;tzG@J ) rS 2 OD;? 8. NGSS (rsdK;qufopf - o#rf;jynf) rS OD;jrifo h ef; (ocsmF )/ q&m!dak xG;/ OD;xGef;!dk/ udknDnDrdk;/ udkaersdK;/ pdkif; rsdK;rif;xGef;? 9. MTA (rde;f wdi k ;f wyfrawmf) rS OD;cGef rdef;/ pdkif;zdk;wm;? 10. KPSP (u,ef;jynfopfygw)D rS OD;cD; Ed/k OD;&JatmifEiS hf tjcm; tzrf;cH&ol 1 OD;? 11. UWSA(‘0’jynfaoG;a&;wyfrawmf) rS a0xifusKd ;ESihf aemuf 1 OD;? 12. DP ('Drdkua&pDygwD) rS OD;oka0? 13. AFPFL (zqyvygwD) rS a':csdKcsdK ausm+f idr;f / ‚if;.orD; rOrRm/ udak t; vGif (etzvufowfarG;xm;aom tvdkawmf&dtjzpf rouFmcH&ol)/ trnfrod AGD'D,dkuifr&mrif; 1 OD;/ (±dkuf+yD;om;‚if;.tacGtm;vHk; SB yk v d y f r sm;vuf w G i f ; tjref a &muf oGm;apol)? tvGwfoabmaqG;aEG;yGJvnf;ru/ w&m;0if t pnf ; ta0;vnf ; rusaom tqdkyg “trdo#rf;jynfarG;ae@” tcef; tem;udk eHuf 09:00 rS 11:00 em&Dausmf txd usi;f ycJ=h u.? SSPC rS Adv k cf sKyfaq xJe@f u obmywd yHpk aH e&m,lum NGSS rS q&mOD ; jrif h o ef ; ES i f h SNPLO rS pd e f 0if;aemifw@kd u tcef;tem;r–; (od@k ) tpD tpOfr–;yrm wm0ef,l=u+yD; acgif;aqmif yk*Kd~ vf 5-6 OD;cef@ rde@f cGe;f toD;oD; ajymoGm; =uonf? yxrOD;pGm p0faqxJef@u awG@qHk aqG ; aEG ; yG J z d w f a c:&jcif ; ta=umif ; ud k tusOf;±Hk;ajymjy.? o#rf;jynfajrmufydkif;/ awmifyikd ;f / ta&S@ydik ;f ud, k pf m;vS,rf sm; yg 0ifaomtzG@J 0if 9 OD;&Sd o#r;f jynfynm&Sif rsm;twdik ;f tyifcaH umfrwD (SSTCC) udk 10 ok@d

-xy,t Kw * d5;jy gvr]6ojy ZvoypK,yhxGoy ABFSU d5hx:dhy gl d,yhz:'hy ;kh ,oyrxGol y Kw ]xy,t KoyhX ]6d] ty K9yh]:'hy 06,ry 9uj,5;jy -gijluj c]h06,ry 0K;yr-5;b ry v,yjs^,hy s<,ry doyv,yj xGo?y ]5;jy v;y]Kw rdKoy,'b5 ry g9kjl5hcdh]b9hy d.kj l'yl'b jy ? -xy,t Kw ( v5r,b\oy9 t Koyr Zz5ho,yr NGSS c]h z5h-KoyxKdyj SSTCCX ]5cog-khx6o b y zK;yj NGSS m9yrlK'yco';yr]wKrxwKr,5'b ry c]h dKoymd6 jy sG9ry m6djy xGo/y voys9 G ry ]whxGoy ]wh 0G,0 y ;b5 ry owdt k. j? ,oyr0;yh]K9yhpK;yr,:dhy 05;hy ,5'ry s6'b ] y ;b5 xy o b5 hy ]K9yh 9'yr * gdkT? dK'y;oyr9G'hy ,kr z5h-6o b hy xK'yvx6 jy v5;ry ;oyr06'b hy 9wrd5hgdkT v:ody oydk. jdbo-y ;yhs^,hy ,5jdoy 9uhsKoyl t 'b6 jy -;yh,K;yr-,yr x:d9 ty K'yr9yh. o:'?y ;wKr;oyrgdkh v,yjl6xb jy v6xjy doym'C hy ? dK'y-,yh,kr xkr0G,dy o 5 ry o:dhy d,yhz:'hy gl d.kjdbo,y o 5 hy doy9hu sKoy0 t 'G jy 9:'jy 9Koyr lGohy 9K'yr m,yj,idyt-b9 x:dytokho:'yX 9kjd5oyr *S(Q gdkT? oy.rooytxkr9'yr0;yyhoK'yrgsj,9Cdyh Z]6dhy pb'ry 0;yhl5Pjy 9Cdhy s^,hy gxkhv,yjs^,hy c,hdoy9'yr0;yh0K'yt 0;yhsKoy-;yX gdkhd.kjs^,hy 0:,yr? sG9ry ooygl ;wKrooym t 'C hy @S# ;oyrZ,5;b hy _S+2#X oyr. z5h-6o b hy xK'yvx6 jy v5;ry $_ gdkTooyt 9kj #* gdkT ]whm6djy 9bd,y? gxkrxkrz5ho,yrs^;l y ;b5 y * gdkT voy,KoyhP:xry 9uh9khd6'hy gdkh,ur $Q gdkT? voyv,yjPkrP:xry owt xGo0 y ,6 ry MTA, SNPLO, PSLO, KNSP # gdkT/ 9'yrlG'hy @$ gdkT? ]5;b gy looyt ]whm6djy 9b,9 5 ry ? g9kjm6'b y @Q2$2Q* owt -6o b ry Sxwj: xoy9kj @* gdkTc]h 9kj @* gdkT 96db ,ty ru oyr. -:dhy ]5'y vbory lG'jy ? gxkrxGoo y oygdkh -:,jy ,9ujd5;b ry d6,y z5hxwKrg,k,5'b ry 9wr (SSTCC) gdkh ,5o b 9 y 'yr]6];C y d69 b ry 06;b hy ;w] t Kw ]wK? 96db -ty 9 : jy z:9hy xGo0 y ,6 ry gdk,kr $S% ]5o b dy P 5 ry p'yrxwj9oyr]whsG9ry l'y l,ygt xkr dw:zuo,yto,yrx\kxC9yhp;yt? g9]wh;khSp:oxty ;b5 hy p5joyr. 95'jy ;5'ry 0;yhvkjokjl6db ry sG9ry dKoy,'b5 ry c]h 0'yjxGoy ooy? ]:'hy ]bxry ]:'hy 9wKs;yrowt ,ur;wo t r.y v5'hy ,6;b ry x5o b hy ? x5o b hy v;y]gu dkh]wh]u/ x5o b hy xoy-gu dkh ]wh-u? dKoy,'b5 ry ,5'b ry 9wr ZdxyrdwKjxkrd5h0K;yr-5;b ry g0H,5'b ry / dG;jy -:'hy xkrx9yrx6o b Xty -K;yr9K'yrxuxKw ,krowt oyr. #QQ% z5ho,yr-6db p ty j.y s;yr 0wKrdKoyrp:9hy / 0;yh0K'yp t ': sy P ^ hy -;y vbdjy $S% 0;yh lG'hy d,ydk. j? m6'b ,y krs^;xy u #QQ* -6om y o 6 ry v5r/ 0wKro69ry / 0;yhl5;b m y o C hy / v5r,b\oyt 9Koyr -;ylbxyrxwKl,ytPkr-:dyh? g9]wh;kh g9]ug9]u],5 ry zus'6 ,y krx;yj ows;b6 ?y v,yjooygdkh xGop y o : ty JdKoy,'b5 ry cdhoK,ysd^ 9 ty 'C ry 05d/ty xGody jw o5dv ty o : jy oyr. ];yxt o b5 hy " d5Pry s6;b ?y 9K'yr]5db hy ,yj. s;yr 0:'jy g9 0K'yh,urmC'hy 9K'yj]wKrM? z5hsdy0 t K9yhgdkT0wKr9'yr]wK g9soy'o b5 hy lC9jy lwK'wK,oyrp5js6;b ?y z5h9wj: s<dhy Z@@T$TQ*X

,k95db hy s^;-ty o : ry sK'y

06b'y;kh,k95bdyhs^;yt0K'yh-5xyrow]kjM/ ,k95;o y xtw o b5 hy s69 b ry x5o b hy gskh 95db hy s^;p ty j5 gdkh 96db -ty o : ry sK'y]9 b ry ]b9ry 'Cohy s^;b hy s^;b hy p5j]5rowt

l69ry 9uh,oyrxGo,y k-6Phy okj

Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

9

22/3/2548, 17:51

9


k 9 rS &uf SSA-North 15 ESpfjynfh typf&yfpJjcif;txdef;trSwfae@wGif qdkif ausmXh mecsKyfY aqG;aEG;zG@J pnf;cJ=h ua=umif;/ 'kw, d t}udrf SSTCC tpnf;ta0;udk 'D ZifbmvtwGif;u vm;±d_;òrd@wGifðyvkyfcJh =u+yD; NGSS rsdK;qufopf-o#rf;jynfrS q&mjrifo h ef;tm; SSTCC . ajyma&;qdk cG i f h & S d o l t jzpf a±G ; jc,f w m0ef a y;cJ h = u a=umif;/ SSTCC tm; 0dkif;0ef;axmufcH todtrSwfðy=uyg&ef/ ,ck trdo#r;f jynf arG;ae@awG@qHkaqG;aEG;yGJwGif xkwfjyefa=u jimvd k a =umif ; wd k u f w G e f ; &S i f ; vif ; oG m ; cJhonf? 4-5/11/04

u o#rf;jynfta&S@ykdif;udk,fpm;vS,frsm; jzpf=u+yD; ,ae@ aqG;aEG;yGJonf SSTCC todtrSwðf ya&;twGuf &nf±, G af =umif; ajym=um;cJhavonf? tpDtpOf 5? (,cif Auo tzG@J 0if a[mif;/ etz bufawmfom;tjzpf pGypf JG cHxm;&ol) udak t;vGiu f vnf; yg0ifaqG; aEG;.? 'Drdkua&pDtiftm;pkrsm;ESifh wdkif; &if;om;tiftm;pkrsm;t=um; em;vnfr_ &Sd&Sdyl;aygif;aqmif±Gufjcif;rðyvkyfEdkifygu txajrmuf r nf r [k w f a =umif ; / Ed k i f i H a&;enf;jzifh pkpkpnf;pnf;wdkufyGJ0ifajz&Sif; =u&rnfjzpfa=umif; wifjycJhonf? tpDtpOf 6 tjzpf rsdK;qufopf o#rf;jynf (NGSS) . acgif ; aqmif E S i f h

aoa&;&Siaf &;uH-urRm onf tkypf ;kd olppftm%mydik rf sm;. vufcyk f wGi;f rSa&/ usm;oem;rS EGm;csr;f om& aom ql;-um;u Al;cg;EkEk Edik if aH & tpDtpOf 2 t& OD;a±$t;kH u ‚if;. SSNRLD . xkwjf yefa=ujimcsuu f kd zwf =um;+yD; vuf&EdS ikd if aH &;oH;k oyfcsuEf iS hf vkyf oifhvkyfxdkufonfrsm;udk wifjycJh.? tpD tpOf 3 tjzpf (uonf;uGi;f ac: a±$jynf at; MTA zG@H òzd;a&;a'o) rS OD;cGerf ed ;f u trsdK;om;nDvmcHwGif qufvufawmif; qdk&rnfhudpPrsm;udk wifjy+yD; &oavmuf &Edkifor#t&,l&rnfjzpfa=umif;/ tzGJ@ tpnf ; rsm;t=um; em;vnf r _ y l ; aygif ; aqmif±u G rf _ yd&k &dS rnfjzpfa=umif;/ SSTCC tzGJ@0if yk*~dKvfrsm;onf tjcm;rnfonfh ygwD t zG J @ tpnf ; . ud k , f p m;vS , f r jzpf oifha=umif;/ o#rf;jynfolrsm;tm;vHk;udk udk,fpm;ðyEdkifonfh vlxkrS ,Hk=unfudk; pm;tm;xm;aom =um;aeA[dktzGJ@csKyf jzpfoifha=umif; axmufjycJhonf? tpDtpOf 4? SSTCC tzG@J 0if/ o#r;f jynf a wmif y d k i f ; ud k , f p m;vS , f OD ; cG e f y G i f h uvnf ; ygwD t zG J @ tpnf ; rsm;tm;vH k ; yd k r d k q uf q H v uf w G J y l ; aygif ; oG m ;=u&ef / tajctaeuawmif;qdkae+yDjzpfa=umif; rde@f =um;cJ. h ? p0fO;D =um - oDayg u o#r;f jynfajrmufyikd ;f ud, k pf m;vS,/f OD;pdik ;f awmif;

ay;cJhavonf? aemuf 1-2 tt=um (8-9/2/05 ae@ rsm;wGif) &efukefppf±Hk;csKyftrdef@t& trd o#r;f jynfarG;ae@tcef;tem;Y yg0ifc=hJ uol 38 a,mufteuf AdkvfcsKyfaqxJef@ESifh OD; jrifo h ef;wd@k tygt0if tm;vH;k 25 OD; tzrf; cH = u&.? tcsd e f t yd k i f ; tjcm;tvd k u f wae&mpD ac:,lxdef;odrf;jcif;cH=u&awmh onf? cGex f eG ;f OD;/ pdik ;f !Ge@f vGiw f @kd tygt0if &efukefESifh awmifil&xm;blwmwdk@wGif tzrf ; cH & aom SNLD A[d k t vk y f t r_ aqmifaumfrwD0if 5 OD;udk ygxnfw h u G yf g u tm;vHk; ta,muf 30 tzrf;cH&jcif; jzpfonf? SNPLO, KNSP, PSLO, MTA

tzGJ@0if pkpkaygif; 13 a,mufrSvGJI 7/2/ o#r;f jynftrsKd ;om;ae@aqG;aEG;yGt J cef; tem;wuf a &muf o l usef y k * ~ d K vf a cgif ; aqmiftm;vH;k tzrf;cHc=hJ ujcif;jzpf.? 10/ 23/05 txd OD;oka0/ a':csdKcsdKausmf+idrf;/ a0xifusdK;/ OD;ausmf0if; (tif;om;) wdk@ tygt0if tm;vHk; 15 a,muf jyefvGwf ay;cJh&m (awmif}uD; aetdrfYtus,fcsKyf cH&ol OD;a±$t;kH tygt0if) tif;pdeaf xmifEiS hf tjcm;axmifrsm;wGif o#rf;jynfEdkifiHa&; acgif;aqmif 15 OD;qufvufuscHae&qJ

05

. ajymcGifh&yk*~dKvf q&mOD;jrifh oef;uvnf; NGSS . rsuaf rSmufEikd if aH &; qef;ppfcsufrsm;udk‚if;/ vuf&Sdtajctae awmif;qdck sut f & vkyo f ifv h yk x f u kd o f nf rsm;ESihf vkyEf ikd u f ikd Ef ikd o f nfrsm;ud‚k if;/ wem &DeD;yg; &Sif;vif;ajym=um;cJhavonf? tcef;tem;wufa&mufoltm;vHk; SSTCC

o#rf;jynfacgif;aqmifrsm;tm; zrf;qD;vdu k jf cif;onfvnf; vlrsKd ;pkrsm; ar#mfreS ;f aom wdik ;f &if;om;rsm;&ydik cf iG hf qdo k nfukd taoowfvu kd jf cif;jzpf uefatmuf&yf&Sd arm0fo#rf;pm;aomuf qdik w f iG f ae@vnfpmtwlwuG oGm;a&muf pm;oH;k =u.? rGe;f vGyJ ikd ;f wGif bmtpDtpOf r#r&SdawmhbJ uefa&S@&yf "rR&uQdwvrf;&Sd pdefawmifwef;pm;aomufqdkifwGifwcg/ aqG;aEG;yGw J ufa&mufoal &m rwufa&muf ol y g vl 5-60 cef @ naepmtwl p m; aomuf=ujyefonf? uG,fvGefol a'guf wm,l * sif ; od k u f (p0f Z ef @ ) ES i f h p0f [ ef a,mif a [G @ wd k . zatwl r atuG J n D r (jynf a xmif p k . yxrOD ; qH k ; orw}uD ; p0f a ±$ o d k u f . orD ; ) p0f a [rmod k u f (touf 55 cef@) vnf; wufa&muftm;

jzpfonf? o#rf;jynfwdkif;&if;om;vlrsdK;pkrsm; tm;vHk;udk udk,fpm;ðyEdkif&ef zGJ@pnf;wnf axmifvdkufaom o#rf;jynfynm&Sifrsm; twdkif;tyifcHaumfrwD SSTCC qdkonf rS m vnf ; ed * H k ; urü w f t qH k ; owf v d k u f & onft h vm;yif? trnfomuse&f pf+yD; bm r#tvkyfrjzpfatmif tzsufodrf;cHvdkuf& jcif;jzpf.? 3-4 vcef@om oufwrf;&Snf f d =umcJah om SSTCC onf bmrS [kww ywfwd tvkyfrp&rDrSmyif a&pkefar#mypf jcif;cH&onf? ppftm%m&Sifwdk@. "g;rdk; tkyfcsKyfr_avmif;&dyfatmufwGif &Sifoef

10 Vol. 22, No. 218, 2005

INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

10

22/3/2548, 17:51


INDEPENDENCE vHk;yrf;&aom EdkifiHa&;v_yf&Sm;r_tzdk@ xdk tjzpfEiS hf &ifqikd &f onfrmS tqef;r[kw?f wdik ;f &if;om;rsm;. aoa&;&Siaf &;uH=urRm onf tkypf ;kd olppftm%mydik rf sm;.vufcyk f wGi;f rSa&/ usm;oem;rS EGm;csr;f om& aom ql;=um;u Al;cg;EkEk Edik if aH &;jzpfaoma=umifh yif? vGefcJhonfh 1 ESpfausmfrSpI ,ck rwf c sf u k e f t xd (wd k i f ; &if ; om;vl r sd K ;pk tm;vHk;ESifh qufEG,fonfh/ wjynfvHk;ESifh vnf; tóuH;0ifywfoufaom) o#r;f jynf EdkifiHa&;jzpfpOftzdk@ =urRmiifaomtcg ,r,[kvnf; qdkEdkif.? 2004 ckESpfwGif; SSPC ESihf SSJAC . taxGaxGtwGi;f a&; r–;csKyfEiS hf typf&yf SSNA . eHygwf 1 acgi;f aqmif Adv k rf ;– }uD; u%f;,Gu/f a'guw f mp0f Zef@a,mifa[G@/ SDU 'kkOuUX yDpdkif;xGef; tp&Sdaom t"duacgif;aqmifrsm; uG,f vG e f c J h = u.? 2005 ES p f O D ; yd k i f ; wG i f w zef cGefxGef;OD;/ pdkif;!Gef@vGif/ AdkvfcsKyfaqxJef@/ q&mjrifo h ef; tp&Sad om acgi;f aqmifrsm; tpkvdkufxyfrHtzrf;cH=u&jyefonf? a':atmifqef;pk=unf/ OD;wifOD;ESifh NLD xdyy f ikd ;f acgi;f aqmifrsm;tm; etzrS csKyf a ES m if x m;jcif ; rS m Armjynf o l r sm; awmifhwonfh 'Drdkua&pDar#mfvifhcsuf a&mifjcnfoJhoJhav;udk etzppftkyfpku tarSmifcsxm;vdkufjcif;jzpfonf? o#rf; jynfacgif;aqmifrsm;tm; zrf;qD;vdkufjcif; onf v nf ; vl r sd K ;pk r sm;ar#mf r S e f ; aom wdik ;f &if;om;rsm;&ydik cf iG hf qdo k nfukd tao owfvdkufjcif;jzpfonf? ql;=um;u Al;cg;EkEt k vm;/ wdik ;f &if; om;rsm;. jynfwGif;EdkifiHa&; oGifjyifudk rsuf0g;xifxifawG@jrif=u&+yD? jynfwGif; EdkifiHa&;v_yf&Sm;r_tzdk@ tjcm;a±G;jc,fp&m enf;emvrf;prsm;&Syd gao;.avm´? tm* rsKd ;cspjf ynfcspaf cgi;f aqmifrsm; pOf;pm;awG; ac: }uHq&rnfh/ jywfom;rSefuefpGm qHk; jzwf&mS azGa±G;jc,f&rnfh r[mwm0efyif? pdkif;pdef=unf (o#rf;oHawmfqifh) 13/3/05

x5'b xy o G -y xy9 t K,yr ]:'hy ,Koyh9bzh5 o,yr,5'b ry 9wr )T#TQ*

q

_T#TQ* +T#TQ*

q q

q

@QT#TQ* q

@@T#TQ* q

@#T#TQ* q q

@%T#TQ* q

@*T#TQ* q @)T#TQ* q @_T#TQ* q ##T#TQ* q #$T#TQ* q

lCoyrs6oyh,y.j,5b'yr9wr-;y ,:dyjsG9yr;oyrd5b9yjc,h,5b'yr9wr 9uh]6,ry SSA-N 95ohy 9urc]h z5ho,yr @Q 06,ry xwK d.kj-;yhs^,hy $_ gdkT? v:ody oy]hw 0y. d,ytmC,y]:'yhx6boyzK;yj voy-:9yjz:9yh;wt -:,yH,9uH0;yhxwKrg,k,5b'yr9wr SSTCC voy,ru z5h-;yhxkr + gdkT? v5rl5Pjy v5'ry ]whm6djy d6,ry -'yddb6 ry s^o b ry o:'0 ty Kw r,oyr 9uh95ohy 9ur? xkr0G,0 y ;yhl5;b m y o C hy / v5r,b\oy9 t Koyr -;ygl d5ory -6o b hy xK'yvx6 jy v5;ry $_ gdkTooyt ]whm6djy 9bd,y #* gdkT 9uh95ohy 9ur? -6om y o 6 ry v5r/ 0wKro69ry -;y ]whm6djy 9bd,y9hu 9khd6'hy pK,yrs^;-y ,yh? 0wKr]kTv:'jy / 0;yh9kjv5r m6djy 9b9hu 9:'jy '5j ,5;b hy 96db ] ty '5 ry d.kj9khd6'hy 9kj-6o b hy xK'yd,6 'y ;yh'6ory SNLD? s^;xy ;yh SSA-N 0;yh]w,: K;yr d.kjs^xz ty h5 d:ory 95'b ry Z,5;b hy s<'xty ': Xty 9uh]khlG;hy 96dry p:ory syh> x:jw 0;yhl5;b m y o C hy ooyt 0:,sy Koy,\bo] ty Kw j]K9yh;kh v,yjxwj: ]wh? l5;khg9v,yj-6o b hy NC ooyt v,yj95;b l ty 'y? l5-h.y -;yhm5o b jy ]6dz ty o b6 9 ty db6 ry -6o b ry gdkh s;yr95;hy 9oyr9kjgljS;khow? 0;yhokh9uh,Koyh-;ydk. jl:dhy 9;yzo b6 ] y db hy ]wKrs^o b ry -6om y o 6 ry v5r20wKro69ry ? l6db ry ,Koyhxwj: xoy0Kw rl6,Koy/ 0wKrv5rlC'-y ;ygl l6xb jy d6,ry -'y 0;yhl5;b m y o C hy ;wtoy.r95b'yrl6bdyrx:9yrv:dyj 9uh95oyh9ur? z5ho,yroy.r SSPC 0;yhdwKjakT Zvoy96bdytg9d.kj-6boyh NC X ]6dyt9khd6'yhx:dyh,5b;yr-6boyr';yh'6oyrlC'ydC;yt? ]wKgdkT]wKawKj]wK06,ry oyr. ,5'b ry o:dhy ,5'b ry x6o b z y K;yjx:'cty orl6db ry ,KoyhsG9ry v,yjm6djy ? z5ho,yr06,ry v5Pry ]u0K;yr-5;b ry z:,sty ,^ hy UNA ]K9yhy ;kh ]:'hy 9bd,yzh5 o,yr 9wrowct o;kh l6db ry ,Koyhv,yj-yh. sG9ry -yh. xGoy ]:'hy z:,sty ,^ hy l'y? s<'hy dKoyz': ry ]5'a y Kw jo:dhy ,5'b ry vg,jibdoyj US State Dept. gdkh v:djy ]bdhy 96db ry l5ory syh> xwj: z5ho,yr9wr? z5h9Cory UN gdkh]K9yh;kh ,wh0y0 . ,: ry ]:'hy ,Koyh9bzh5 o,yr9wr? x]bdyh,Koyh-;y d.kjl:dyh9;ys^boyr-6oym6oyrv5r20wKro69yrgl zG;yhd.kj -:,Hy zb;Hy 95;b Hy # -5'b hy vbdjy z6o b ] y db hy ]wKr9'yro,y? 0;yhdwKjakT d.kj-;yhsk0:,l y db6 ry 9G'ry lG'jy 9uh9khd6'hy 96dry p:ory syh> xwj: xoy 0;yhl5;b m y o C hy gdkh ]whm6djy 9:xjy mG';y sw ;^ ?y 0;yhokh9uh,Koyh-;yl'yjxbdty -:,Hy xouH OCS -:'-y o 6 m y o 6 ry v5rc]h d5ory sG9ry dKoy #S$Q gdkT 95dry 'Koyr? x]bdhy ,Koyh-;yv;y,;b6 ry mb;6 y ZsCoHy a^oHy X 9'yr-5;ry -:'-y o 6 m y o 6 ry v5r-6o b ry l5'jy xoy]d6 hy g,r9uhs^o b ry gl ]K9yh;kh -wKT-;y;gtw dkT9uhp;y?t dC,ys^;yx;yh06,yr,:oyr ]K9yh;khS 05b;yrz5ho,yr,5b'yr9wr ]whm6dyj9bgdkh 06,ry d69 b ry l6db ry -;y l,y9 t 9 G jy pGo;y gtw l l,y;t khl6xb jy -6o b hy NC p5jmC'hy owt v,yjs^T9uhx:'yj,oyr? dxyrdwKj]:'hy z5ho,yr06,ry 9wrooyt x]bdhy ,Koyh-;y d.kjs<'v ty x6 jy mK,ydo 5 ry ]5'y 06,ry i-C'jy / 06,ry -\K'yr-;y 05;b ry -;yhxkrxGo] y d6 hy 06,ry UNA ? z:'ry 9Cory c]h dC,sy ;^ xy ;yh -6o9 y kjgvr Zvkjp6 )QX lG'hy ,6ody k. j9uhs^o b ry ,oyr0;yh ;G'ry o,y-t ,yr? xkj9uj0K;yr-5;b ry * xkj9uj s^,hy doy9,C hy ]bdhy 05r s^;xy ;yh ovz Z9Koyr l5Pjy X 96dry p:ory syh> xwj: xoy -6om y o 6 ry v5r c]h z5ho,yroyr. ,5'b ry 9wrlG'hy ? Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

11

22/3/2548, 17:51

11


k #%T#TQ* q l6bdyr,Koyhd.kj9bP:xyr -6oyl6bdyr]5'y xkT,C'yj 9'yrg,roK'yr ZawKj,Kdyh,ur 9xy0 t ,6 ry @ d5ory 0;yhl6db ry ]5'xy K'yjakTX 9uhokrd:'ry ,5r ,5'b ry 95o?y #_T#TQ* q 0;yhokh9uh-:dyh-'yvboyrlG'yj-;y v,yjxoyz5h9K'yokh (lawyer) -;yhs^xyt m5xry -6om y o 6 ry v5r-;y? dkrl6ojy 95;o y khs^o b ry -6om y o 6 ry v5r ( ],yr voy 0yT. dKoy-,: jy xouj,oyr0;yhgdkh m6djy s6xhy p69 b ry v;ydk. j? @T$TQ* q 0;yhokh9uh,Koyh v;y-o 6 m y o 6 ry v5r-;y $S% gdkT 9K'yj-6o b hy ]6,ry I9krgl 0C'hy d.K,yrv;y]'b5 hy ]5Phy g-kh0b0,yh,wK @#@j @#%dj @)S@ voycor ;kh -kT-wKpkT06b;yhlG'yokh9k06b'yh,5b'yr? %T$TQ* q l6bdyr,Koyh-6boyrxw:jxoy ]6'yr-6oyx.K'yt/ l5b;yo:'y/ v5rP6oyt,:'yj/ v5r96;5Pyj/ -\3;yj-\3;yjgd\kjPG'yr -;y? q -6om y o 6 ry v5r-;y]hw m6djy v;y-o b6 hy ]6,ry I9kr x:dhy mb # ? xwjxkr0;yhl5;b m y o C hy ? )T$TQ* q l6db ry ,Koyhd59-ty Kw #S$Q voy0;yhl6db ry 0Koyjl5Pjy 9kj v:osy ;^ dy k. jl:dhy 9;yzG;yhg9kTv;y-5;yr-:'ygl xbdytxC9yhs^'yrg9kj]:'yr Z-luHo5;yHX -:'y ';yh'6oyr SSA-N 9'yrgxkh]G'ytc-js^,yhdoyx6b9yj,kr]wKxu {voyxGoy9uhsk '6o b ry -;yh,6d0 ty ,6 ry } sb,ry ;Koyho:',y kT 0xyr]Co] y o b cy -j oyr. g0H;G'ry ,5jg0H S9:oyh9kj-kzupkTsC9ytxwKr,Kdyh,ur06,yr9wrpKxyjdboyr? d:xyh;khxK'yg9kj ]:'ry 9K'yj9uh9K'yj06,ry ooyt l6db ry ,Koyhv,yjd.kj95;b l ty 'y? b x: ry d6,ry -'ydo 5 ry $Q gdkT ,5;b hy s^;] y o b5 dy K'y]o b5 a y xC Hy [b;Hy iuHooyt +T$TQ* q voy9P xwj: xoy-o b6 ry d,yhz:'hy d69 b ry ;wt @* gdkT? @QT$TQ* q ]6dhy g,rc]h dC,z y h5 o,yroyr. s^;l y ;b5 y d.kjp:ory m5xry -6om y o 6 ry v5r/ 0wKro69ry -;ygdkh v,yjxoysx^ ?ty g9]whm5xry ,5;b hy ]yg. dkhv,yjs^T? 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345

m6b'y2

z5h9wj: s<dhy

,5;b hy x5o b hy v;yarw 069jy sK'yl;b5 o y oyt d5ory ;Koyhgdkh d.kj95Pry 9'yr;Koyhgl v:ody oy ]K9yhgdkTs^rgdkT9K'yr? voy-;y]K9yhooyt p5;z y h5 9wj: s<dhy gdkh -yh. 'bory c]h -6o b ry g9kT9wj -whcovb9ry o6'b hy ? -;y]K9yhowt ]u-h.y -5;gy dkh,ur/ ]u;o 5 0 ty ,: ry gdkhxkr?

l6xb jy ,krokh ( 9'yr,5b'yrooyt ,oyr0;yh]whm6dyjd5oyr,5b'yr 9:9yh-CxyrdK'y0y.]5bdyhxGoyz5h9Coyr Zz:'yr 9CoyrX,kr? vb'o y ;b5 ] y ': hy x:'l y K'yhxoys'C ry d,y0 t h:w okhdKoyl6oyjs^,yh9'yr]wK ooytgl oy.rxu #QQ$ owt gdk]bdhy ]wKrab'hy c'h g0H;G'ry ,5jg0H ]who:xjy 9:ohy xoylr5 iK'yr;oyr l5;b y -KoyjakT? okhg9]xyr9k]6b,yr,5b'yr @$ ;oyr z:'ry 96db xty o G dy o b ry p5j9uho:ory ooy,t oyr0;yh 9oyr]whs^T]:'hy z5ho,yr9wr Z-6om y o 6 ry v5r/ 0;yhl5;b m y o C hy / 0wKro69ry -;yX ]whm6djy 06,ry l6db ry ,Koyh9bPx: ry 9uh95ohy 9ur 9khd6'hy c]h pb'hy -Cory mC'hy sC'ry 9K'yrxGo,y oyr0;yh ]5;b y 0y.,krgld;yj? ,5b;yh,oyr0;yh]6-w:hd.kjowt d6b9yr;wtg,r oK'yrSxkhoK'yr-,yr]C'ry vbdjy ]6dhy ]K'yr ( gdkT Z0wKr $ pb'ry $X? ;oyrx5o-ty Kxyh95;y s<xjy s^;-y ;yhsG;hy Z#%T#TQ%X ooyt gxkh;Koyh c,h,5'b ry / m;yh;Koyhm;yhokr-;y/ d5ory oyr. gdk ]bdyh]wKrg0H;G'yro,yt-,yr/ ,5jg0H/ g0H ]Koy/t xK'yjlwKr vbdjy 9K'yj9uh? z5h-;yhxkj 9uj SNLD -;y/ 06,yrd5oyro6,yj2oK'yrpb'yr oyr. m6',ty K;yr-;y/ xkr0G,z y h5 sKxyjdKoy-o 6 o y r.y ,5'b ry ,K;yrZ,5'b ry c-jXd,yhz:'hy d.kj-;yhs^,hy 0:,ry l5'jy oxyst ;^ sy 'G y ,5o b o y 'yjoyr. -Cxry sK'yh05;b ry ow?t {p5j9uh06,yr9w:js<dyhgdkh pboyr,:'y0y. glr]wK oxyp t ,y0;yhl5;b sy ,^ jy ,5'b ry pyj. pyj. o,y o,y? x6o b ry 95;dy xC hy ,oyr0;yhgdkh g9v;ylj.y xkroy.r9:oyh zy.xGoyzy.oy.r06b'yh9wr oy.rd:oyr g-kz6o b o y khp5j}? o

95Pry 1 p5;;y khxGol y ;b5 o y kr/ s;yrdoyv t o : dy oy]'G ,ty krgxkrzKoy? ]dyrc9tl,ytxGoy,C;yrsw<T? u vkT 1 l5; b o y tw gxkr-'y;gtw lvwj: xoyow 0K'yhpGory xGo,y ;C ry d.kjskTow?t q gxkrs<'v ty d: jy lG',y ;C ry c9t g-rxGol y ;b5 9 y o : v y ;b5 hy ow?t v gxkr069jy sK'y,oyr]whc9t x5o b hy ]5;jy 9wj: s^;,y oyrdwr: p5;gty vT R ? s s6; b ty 1 s;yr;khxGol y ;b5 cy ]h d5;b ry ]whx6'b hy vb';y kj? gxkrxGoo y cw 9t v;y,oyrxy.TP:xyro5d5Pyrv5b;yhowt? 9wr9khd6'hy t

12 Vol. 22, No. 218, 2005

INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

12

22/3/2548, 17:51


rmefjwdurfzljerf;wB; vDqfgUumefjZB;[kdOf erfhzkdifjerfhnGBj ;oyr,5b;yhowt voy]Kdyj]wKr xGoy-K;yj ]6;b ry ]'ygl 96,9 ty ;b5 sty ;yrpyj. ]5'o y xtw o G ] y ': hy z5ho,yr,5'b ry 9wr ]whm6djy 9bPx: ry ,5;b hy ;oyrmb +2#2Q* oxyst ;^ l y xb ry gdkT 9'yhc9js^;xy ;yh SNLD -6oym6oyrv5r/ s^;yx;yh SSPC 0;yh l5;b m y o C hy -;y/ ;wKrgl]wKawKj]wK06,ry s^,hy doy sG9yrxK'yv6xyjv5;yr]Cdyh]wKh]5'yt]C'yrdoy ,5;b hy ;oyr05;b 0 ty K9yh06'b hy 9wr Z)2#2Q*X 9uh ;G'ry 95ohy 9ur # ;oyrc]h z:'ry 96db sty K'yhsCory -6'b xy ': y xK'y-d6 ry m5xry ;oyr,5'b ry s^,hy 96,y s^o b ry -6om y o 6 ry v5r 9khd6'hy voyzh5 9Cory 0K;yr -5;b ry -;y vKoyr,kr-6o b hy s<9hy v6xjy d6,dy o b -y ;yh s^,hy ,5jdoy? ;wKrgl-bojy P6oty m6djy 9bPx: ry Z@_2 @Q2Q%Xp;yt ,5b;yh @+S#Q2@Q2Q% ooyt z5hd:ory 95'b ry Z]khlG;hy / 95ohy 9ur/ dG'ry 96'y vbdjy oyr. 9K'yjg0H,5'b ry X s<'] ty K9yhz5h9Cory 06,yrd6b9yrl6bdyr-;y;kh gxkj]luj ,5boyd;yj v,yj]Cdhy ]wKhl'yooyt s^;xy ;yh SSA-N 0;yh ]w,: K;yrgdkh ]whd.kjm:,jy 0:,ry ? awKjo6'b hy l6db ry ,Koyh-;y]:,yx6boyv:dyjg-kh]wh0y. Zg-khsK,yh 9xytX @$ g-kh o5b;y06,yrd6b9yrl6bdyr-;y,kr? xkrg-khsK,yhpkjsyh> dxyrdwKjxkj9ujxwKr,5'b ry o5;b y ]boy9y.h]boy vbdyj06,yrlKoy-9yr9K'yr o:dhy ? m6'b ,y kr %S*2@@2Q% SSA-N zb9hy ,:djy sG9ry xK'y-d6 ry m5xry d69 b ry l6db ry @* xu 9uh ';yh'6oyrlC'ydC;ytgl sG9yrxK'yd6,ydoygdkj 9'yh gdkz5hxwKrg,k,5b'yr9wr SSTCC ooyt -6oym6oyrv5r/ 0wKro69yr-;y vbdyjz5ho,yr ]wKawKj]wK06,yr]wK9uhgdkh -;yhs^,yh0:,yr? #%2@@2Q% p5j9uh SSA-N 9C,yh]bdyh05r 0:,y0bdyrl6bdyr 9Koyrl5Pyj 96bdyrl5oyrsy>h -:9jy z:9hy -:'jy lujd5;b ry d6,z y db6 ry lk05;b 0 ty K9yh voyp5jdK'ysG9yr-5;ydwKjxoy sy>hd5hawKj]5'yt ]C'ry c,r]udoy-o b6 ry c]h sG9ry syh> x5o b hy l5oy 0y.xdyr9k,kr? mK,ysk9K'yrsoyxwKr;5oytooyt ]6dyt9uh]y.xGoy,kr? l6bdyr,Koyh-;y0'yjs^T;kh xGoxy Kw r;5oty v5r,\bo9 ty Koyr Zv'yrlkrX voy xGoz y h5 o,yrlCory s6ohy ,yj. ,5'b ry 9wr NGSS 0wh:

9C,hy 9K'yj]bdhy ? ;wKrooyv t ,yjs6'b y 0;yhokh9uh,Koyh-;y s<'v ty x6 jy mK,yx': cty or -6om y o 6 ry v5r ]:'hy d.kj dxyrdwKj-;yhs^,hy 06,ry d69 b ry l6db ry ? ,oyr0;yh gdkhcdh]b9hy -whco ]:'hy ]whm6djy ]5db hy xGoy s^;xy ;yhgdks^,hy lK'yh SSJAC (SNLD+SSPC= SSA-N+SSNA) ,kr *S( xup;yct ]h ]whd.kj -;yhs^,hy xGoz y h5 o'yh06'b hy xkr0:,ry ? ]whg,kr c,rmG'ydoyz:'yh? z5b;yjm6b'y @2@2Q* ,kr l6db ry ,Koyhx6o b z y K;yj;kh xK'yd,6 0 y ;b5 0 ty K9yh NC g9l6xb jy sG9ry @)2# ooyt g9v,yj,:djy xkr NLD, SNLD, xkj9ujd5;ry dK'yt SSKDP $ 06,ry Z05;b ry ]whm6djy ]5db hy 9'yh,kr @++QX? z:'ry ]5'a y Kw jg-kh,6ory -K;yjlKoy dC,0 y ,: sy Koygd\kj lKoyr9:xjy cdh;kh d:xhy v,yj]wh,:djy -6o b hy NC 0G,,y ;b5 hy dK'yxu #QQ%? sG9ry ooygl 9'yhc9j _S+ g9kj

INDEPENDENCE l'yowp5j? v,yj]5b;ygldC,ys^;yx;yhxkj9uj 9uj,5;jy -gijluj v5rm5Pry ,\o b ty voy9db6 v ty d: jy -:dhy ,krgdkh;khSaCxHy [b;Hy iuH @# ;oyr,5'b ry s^,hy 96,o y tw xGo,y krp:o0 ty K;yr-5;b ry -;yo,yrokh v:osy 9 G ry 0G,,y ;b5 hy @+%) c]h ]u-d6 ry m5xry v;y,6oy/ l,yt,kr9bz5ho,yr9wrowt v,yj0y.h ]wKr,oyr? 0;yhsKoyp:'ys^Pyhgdkh;kh 06,yr l6db ry ,Koyhowt ]K9yh]wKro6'b hy sG9ry ]wKro6'b hy ? sG9ry NC 9kj9C,hy x5'b 'y ;yhx6'b ry ,5'b ry gdkh 9dyr ]whxkrz5ho,yr06,ry 0K;yr-5;b ry ? v,yj,:djy -6o b hy xK'yd,6 y NC 0:,ry gl l,yxt Kw 9bPx: ry mC'hy owt v,yj,Cohy ? oyr. ,5'b ry o:dhy ,5'b ry d,yho,ygdkh v:oy doy9db6 ry l5ory syh> -6o b ry xwj: xoyzh5 o,yr9wrp5j? awKjo6'b hy 06,ry d69 b ry l6db ry @$ 06,ry 05;b ry s^,hy doy9K'yj]bdhy oyr. NC syh> d5hg0H,5'b ry ,url6ojy ]whx:'y,wK,uh/ 9Cxyr99yrI9kr/ z:'yr',yr95;y d;yjooygt dkh g9l6xb jy 9K'yjmC'hy owpj5 ? dG;jy ]:'hy l6db ry ,Koyh9bd,y z5ho,yr9wr owt d:xhy l'yM/ x:'jy ;khl'yM/ s;yrm6djy ]us9 G ry s6b;yM/ 0:'yjs;yr,ur]wKr0K'yh0w:h]whM? lwK'wK g9l6xb jy xGody k. j05;b sty ;b6 My ? gxkrx5o b hy xwj: Sv,yj

9bd,yd6,yr-'yv:'yjlKoyrl6d\ujooytx:'yj;kh voyd5oyr,5b'yr,6'yh,:'yr 9uj,5;jy -gijlujooyt sG9ry syh> l69ry ;wKrd.kj? 9bPx: ry z5ho,yr9wrmC'hy gdkh ,5boydoy9'yrsC,y9wKxC9yhl6oyj]wh0K;yr-5b;yrg0H,5b'yr? @@2# z5ho,yr,5'b ry 9wr]wK]wK06,ry Zxkr0G,y z5ho,yrxkj9uj,Koyh #S$ gdkTX ]whm6djy 9b P:xry s^,hy 9'yrlG'hy $Q gdkT/ ,5o b o y 'yjx5'b y xGo-y xy9 t K,yr voyddb6 ry xkr? ]6o b ry l69ry ,oyr gdkh g9kjm6b'ygxkr0bl'yjsxyrv6b9yrp6b9yr s6xhy xC9hy dKoy-,: jy xoujxwKr,Kdyh,ur(OCS) -:'y -6oym6oyrv5r sG9yrsy>hz5hsKxyjdKoyoy.r-:,yjx ouj #Q gdkTxwK sK,yrdKoyg,kh-;yh9Cdjy xC9hy ? vb'yo5b;y]:'yhowt d5hawKjd5h06,yrgdkh m9yrlK'y 0bcorcltl,: ry 06,ry l6db ry ,Koyh Zxkr0G,y US, UN, EUX? z5ho,yroyr. KNU ;kh d5oyr06,yroy.rg0H,5b'yr]G;y s^xytd6,ydoy Z;oyr06'b hy 9wr )2#Xowt v,yjzb9ry l'y?9dyr ]wh-:oyh9kj]5'yt]C'yrdoy? l,yt,kr9bP:xyr z5ho,yr9wrowt v,yjm6djy ? z5ho,yroyr. 06,ry ,:ory NMSP gdkh;kh 9kjsyh> ,Koyhxwj: 0;yhl5;b y mCohy owt xGoxy o 6 hy z:ory SSA-N/SSNA ? l'y v,yjxwj: gl v,yj-6o b hy NC gdkh v,yjzb9ry

xw:j-;y0;yh s;yrg9sG9yrs6b;yM? 05b;yrowtxGoy d.K,yrm,y voy]-u hw 0y?. d,yhz:'hy m9yrlK'y;kh voy9z b h5 o,yr 9wrowt v,yj,5boyvoyd6,yr-'yv:'yjlKoyrl6 d\uj? -K;yr9K'yr $S%Q xuxwKowt dK'y0y.d5oyr ,5'b ry owt -yh. ]wh-yh. xGol y 'y? x5'b ] y '5 ,y oyrgdkh,ur # pK'yjd5Pry ? Z@X l6ojy ]wh9uj,5;jy -gijluj Z#X l6oyj]wh0K;yr-5b;yrg0H,5b'yr? d:xhy owgxkr;kh9bd,yd,6 ry -'yv': jy lKoyr l6d\uj,kr Z,5;b hy $QT*TQ$X ooygt dkh x:'jy ;kh voyd5oyr,5b'yr,6'yh,:'yr 9uj,5;yj-gijlujooyt sG9yrsy>hl69yr;wKrd.kj? d,yrowtgxkr,kr9bP:xyr z5ho,yr9wrmC'yhgdkh ,5boydoy9'yr sC,y9wK xC9hy l6ojy ]wh0K;yr-5;b ry g0H,5'b ry ? d:xhy owg9 ]wh;kh oyr. ,5'b ry s^,hy 96,p y K,yr]G;o y tw v,yjd69 b ry l'yp;y?t q

Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

13

22/3/2548, 17:51

13


k oyr. dkh06,ry 95'o ty 'b6 dy Koy,'b5 ry dKoyldb6 ry 9'yrlG'hy ooyt voy]o u dyr0y-. 0 u 9 .y kjl6db ry ,Koyh]5b;yx5boyhl69yrowt xGoy06,yr9wr? gxkr 9Cdyhdoy9'yr06,yr;kT06b'y ,url6bdyr,ur'6boyr o,ygl9kT v,yjgxkr,urdKoy,'b5 ry ? l,y0 t ;b6 hy lG'y]6o;yh;wtp:oytpkh,;yrd,y? 06,yr NLD v:'jy lKoyrl6d\uj-;yl,yt dKoyxKw r,5'b ry -;y];b6 ry p:oyh9'yr]6,yhakT? d5Pyrl,ytv,yj,urdKoy l6db ry Zv,yj,uroGx'ty krd:'sty o C jy l'yX? 06,ry 9wr l,yt,ur-5xyr,urg0r ZxdyraK'ydKoy,5b'yrxGoy 06,ry -6om y o 6 ry v5r/06,ry d69 b ry l6db ry xGoy SSPC, voy9db6 l ty Koy-9yr96db ry g9krl,y,t ru SSA-S, dKoyod: hy ,5'b ry ,ur SDUX? d:xhy ow l6db ry ,Koyh -;yg9oxyl t o : jy ;khgxkrv,yjzG;hy xC9hy 06,ry 9wrv,yj]wh? gxkrdKoy9wrdw:gdkh 9dyrg9 p:ohy d5h0K;yr-5;b ry 95;b l ty K'yh0:,ry ? 9K'yj06,ry gdkhg995'ytpKxyj/ d:xyh9wrgdkTv:oyc9j x6o b ry xK'y]'5 y 9:ohy 9kjl6ojy ]wh0K;yr-5;b ry ,kr/ gxkr,5'b ry 9wrv,yjo,yrokh]whgdkh dKoy0K;yr -5;b ry 9dyrdwS: voym9yrsoyo'yjowgdkh,ur? d,yhz:'hy ;kh m6djy ]wh0yT. ]wKro,yz t 'b6 hy o,yv t h:w / ]wKrdKoy,'b5 ry g9kjl5h/ -9yr0y] . K9yh v;y]u]u? awKjo6b'yh v;y]wKrz:'yr9K'y-;yh sk US, ASEAN, mwr/ c-j/ d]kr-;y? gxkr x5boyh]K9yh;kh0:,yr p5;y06,yrl6bdyr,Koyh-;y m:,jy ? d,yhz:'hy gdkh;kh 9K'yj]wKr9K'yj9K'yr owt v,yjx:'jy l'y? z5ho,yr9wr05;b ry owt d6'b jy ]u Pkrp5j? d:xyh-;ysG9yr'5r]5b,ymkh-:oyt,kr0G,y ]y?. 9kj0wh: -;yvd: jy ]whooyt ]u0T.y ]wKr-C'/y ]wKrl6db ry / ]wKr9:xjy 9Cory ? 05;b o ty 'yj-6ol y kj m6djy 9bPx: ry 9uh95ohy 9ur ,5;b hy #QT@QT@+(+ ooyt vb'o y ;b5 ] y d6 hy o:',ty oyr Zoyr. 06,ry SUA s<,ry ,6;b ry doy9'yr SSA xKoyooyXt s^,hy doy ;K'yrzCoy d.kj9bP:xyrv;yg,kpki9ytlb\3;yH 9uh95ohy 9ur ,5;b hy @(T%T@+)# gl ]Cdhy v;y-6oylkj g9kj,Koyhgxkrxw:j]:9yhv:dyj? s;yrgdkh,'y]Kw rowt v,yj]whcojM? gdkT;khow gdkh,ur? xGosy ;b6 gy dkh]u z5ho,yr9wrm6djy 9bgdkh v,yj0yh. ;kh dKoys;yrg9dwd: ,yr]G;y o'yjd;yj? d:xhy ;khs;yr,ur]:'hy s^,hy s<,ry dKoyvo : sy ;^ /y s;yr g,k0:,ry ]wKrl5;b 9 y Kw l5;b 9 y o C ry ,kr xKoylxb6 jy

xKoypj5 ? d5Pry dkhdKoy-db6 -ty Kw r]59 b jy ,wh9kjs;yr voy]u;5oyt2-wh0y.2v6xyjd6,y sk]wKr95'yto6b'y -6'b xy ': p y K,yr]G;cy 9txo G y ]:'hy pKxyjdbory 9bxjy 9oy0.y dG;jy ]5Phy z5ho,yrs;yrm6djy 9b? ,5;b hy ]y/. zy0 . ,6 ry ]y/. g9sG9ry s6;b /y 9uh]y. 9:ohy ]y.

';yr]wKr]y. 9dyr]wh-6'b ] y Kw r]y/. ]:'hy owt xGoy x6oyhz:oyr d5hawKjd5h06,yr 0G,y9K'yro:dyh 9K'yroyr. m6djy ]whs^Tx:'jy p:,ry sxy;t p tw j5 -yh. 96db ry l5ory o'yjow? z5hx:'dy Koy9j:w s<dhy Z@(T#TQ*X

d.K,yrmwr voy9rw ]u0T.y oyr. d.K,yrmwr voy9rw ]5'sy ;yr xwjgxkr pK,yh0yT. / l,y] t v u ;y0T.y ooy,t ru l:'gy -kh? d:xhy ,oyr0K'yhsG9ry syh> g-khd.K,yrs;yr'wKh0y. gl-;yhdoy]hw ]u? u

¹Ñ¡ ZlG'm y rw Sodyr lG'9 y rw SodyXt x:'jy ;kh z5hgdkTvoys9 G ry dKoyl'yv,yj;kh/ 0yT. -K;yr0yT. pK,yr sG9ry 0xyrdxyr9K,yrd.kj? v,yj0yh. sG9ry v,yjp;y/t sG9ry glxC9hy ;wt xGoy x:dhy xGody ,yr? 95;p y K'yj,oyrS

u

student ¹Ñ¡àÃÕ¹ ZodyriGoHy X odys t o G ry ]6dhy sGory z5h0yT. -K;yrpK,yr oxy] t o b5 o y xyxt u sGory ]bdhy sGory ]wKrp5j9kjglj?

u

ÊÔ§è Zlb'jy X lb'jy x:'jy ;kh l'yl'b y l'yl'b jy l'yl,yj / voy (thing, object, article)? d:xhy ooy z5;b jy g9d.kj0yT. 95;p y K;yr d.kj0yT. 9K'yjg-khooyt s;yr0yT. g-kh]G;dy oy Zd.K,yr9wr s^,hy g-khdoyX v,yj]us;b6 ?y 95;p y K'yj

vb'ry d]G9hy

mwr building ÊÔ§è ¡‹ÍÊÌҧ textile ÊÔ§è ·Í environment ÊÔ§è áǴŌÍÁ politician ¹Ñ¡¡ÒÃàÁ×ͧ newsman ¹Ñ¡¢‹ÒÇ tourist ¹Ñ¡·‹Í§à·ÕÂè Ç pilot ¹Ñ¡ºÔ¹ singer ¹Ñ¡ÃŒÍ§

lG'yv:dyj lb'yjgdkjlK'yt lb'yjgmkH lb'yj;C9yt]:,ytr odyrdKoyr,5b'yH odyr-K;yj odyrm:'m ty ;G ty odyr[boHy odyr¤:'ytr

9wr lb'yjgdkjlK'yh lb'yjg9kr lb'yj;C9yt]:,yt odytdKoy,5b'yr ody-t K;yj ody9 t ': hy 9G;ry ody;t o b 2y ,boy odyst '< ty

]wKrm59 b ry s69 b ry ,Koyh ]K9yhg9kj,Koyhowt pkjgxxkrlG'yv5oyhlG'yv:oyj/ g9]whs69 b ry v;yvdG ry v;yow 05;b sty ;b6 -y kh 0;yhs;yr

m5b9yrlG'ypy.jlG'ysC'yrs<'yt;kh s<dcty dt-,\kr owd,yr]G;dy k. h

14 Vol. 22, No. 218, 2005

INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

14

,Koyh taqmuftOD; t0wftxnf obm0ywf0ef;usif Edik if aH &;orm; owif;orm; urBmvSnfhc&D;onf av,mOfrª; tqkad wmf

22/3/2548, 17:51


INDEPENDENCE

s6xhy -K;yj]:'hy pkh>]:'hy l6db ry ;kTp6;b ry l6db ry 9wr

@T#TQ* 0;yhokh9uhawKjzG;hy ,5Pp ty kh ,;yrd,ymrw -;yhd59jy l:dhy s^o b ry 0;yh,sklK'yr Zs^;xy ;yh,6d0 ty ,6 ry 05;b 0 ty K9yh;kT WNOX 9'yr s^boyro:'yt0wKr,oyr-6oygdkj 9uhc,hs<'yhl:oy 9'yrdG'yr,y.j -K;yrpK,yr]G;ydoy/ d:xyhmK'yj m5,b ;y kh dG;jy -:'hy pkh,;yrd,y dxyrdwKj;5Pgy l\kj d'yr 9'yr ,skd\kj Zo:'0 ty Kw r,sklK'yrX? -K;yrpK,yrd59yjl:dyhooyt 0;yh,sk lK'yr v,yjp5js^o b ry -6ogy dkjc9t ]whm6djy 9b d.kj-'y;wtg9kjpK,yr]G;y/ 0;yhokh9uhmwr-;y 0bcor;kh -;yxuho:'yt dG;yj-:'yhpkh owgl 0bl'yj;wt9kj9bP:xyr? *T$TQ* 0;yhokh9uhzG;hy ,5Pp ty kh,;yr d,ymrw p6;b ry 9wKd5ory dkTpkhgdkTo6'b hy 06;b hy ;kh0wKr9b,kjgl s6xhy ]whpkhabojy z5db jy v9yr 9C'hy (Q dur]5;ry sb,ry ;Koyhs^Phy o,y] t o b ry 95'yj;G'yrxK'y,Kdyjzkh g0H9:oyhc,hs<'yh l:oy? ;wKr;oyr,kr 9bP:xyrv;y owKHm6oyr ;b;9yt造6'ytv造6oyH Z$( xuX oy.r;G'yrdG'yr,y.j voymK'yjm5,b ;y khxGol y Kw ]G;9 y 'yr0wKr9b,kj? ;wKrooyt 0bcor;kh gdkT]whm6djy P:xry ooyt xGody o 5 ry 06,ry l6db ry 9wr SSA-S / d:xhy ;khl:dhy soy;y.dxyr95;yl6bdyr9wr 0oyt-6oyl6bdyr]5'y/ z6o b -y K;yjmwr 9C,hy ;kho'yjow? @$T$TQ* 9'yhc9jpK,yrQ_rQQ ,5'ry m6'b ;y Kw r;oyr l6db ry ;kT,:dhy $QQ -;yhg]kj96db ry l6bdyr9wr sb,yr;Koyhx5r-kr awKjv:dyj-K'ytxk v,yjgxkrdw]9 w: rw ]C'ry ? oyr. ;oyr]G;p y ;b6 ry doy mC'hy sb,ry ;Koyh]w;: 'G ry c]h SSA-S 95dry l6,ry @ ,K9yj0Gxry @ gdkT? @%T$TQ* l6db ry ;kTxyT. 'wr: ]:,p y ;b6 ry l6db ry 9wr 9uh;Koyhx5r-kr sb,yrokr,Kdyj9ur? xK'y 96db ry l:'9 y hu owt l6db ry 9wr95dry l6,ry # gdkT d:'hy # ];yr/ ,K9yj0Gxry z:'hy / awKj;kTgdkh,ur voy9wK,K9yj? ;oyr]G;ydoy l6bdyr;kT Z9xytd:'y % o]l @)@ -l] d.Kw r],yvo : sy ;^ Xy ]wh -K;yjl6bdyr9wr,uroy.r;Koyhokr,Kdyj9urowgl d.kj;C9p ty ;b6 ry c]h 95;b P ty krd5ory ,5'b ry ,K9yj0Gxry ]5;b sy 'C ry % gdkT Z@X 0wKrlkjv:'jy %# xu/

Z#X oK'yrdG''y o b6 ry @$ xu/ Z$X 0wKr-oyjmuj %$ xu Z%X 0wKrd:'ry $Q xu Z*X ]6'ry 9b %Q xu corxGol y db6 ry 9wrgl P:xry d.kj? awKjl6db ry ;kT96db m ty ,C sy 'C ry 9kj96db ry m6'b y ]w:9wr]C'yrmC'yhS;khow? awKjl6bdyr9wr;khS 9'yhc9jl6bdyr;kT]5'yr,kr loydK'y -K'ytxk ,5;b hy @#T$TQ* dkra^;Hy ;uH]y ## ],yrooyt xkrpkh,kT,kr0:,yr % ]Koyt/ pkhaboyj]5b'y Zs>'a y ru X $QQ dur]5;ry / v;y,kr-wKr]5'?y ]:'hy ;kT,krp6;b ry owt d:xhy ,Koyh0yT. p6;b ry / p:o,ty Koyh g9v,yjxoy;kTp5j x:9ry ;Koyhs6'hy s^;xy K'yj s^;p y 9 : hy s^Phy gvkhp;ygt l syh> ,krz69 b p ty j5 0:,ry ]Co] y o b ?y d,yrowct 9t l6db ry 9wrg9v,yj p5o b v ty ,yjp:,ry xoy,o b5 dy khx5o,ty kr?Zoyr. #QQ# l6db ry ;kTP:xry l6db ry 9wr9xy0 t ,6 ry )#) d.kj ( gdkT d:'hy ( ];yrgl l5'jy xoy,KoyhX g9

9:xjy 9Cory g9kjl5hd.kj ;khow? z5hm9yrlK'y-;y ]K,yr-K9yh;kh 0K'yh xGop y o : ty $ ]:'hy Z@X 9kjcsTl6db ry 9wr pkj syh> d.kj0wh: pK'yr]C'9 y db6 ry ,Koyh? Z#X l6db ry ;kT 9'yr,Koyh 0K'yh,urg-kh]wh0y] . dC hy xGojy doy glx5'b xy 'b5 ?y Z$X 0K'yhdxyrdwKj]:'hy mwr9bPx: ry d5ory dkTpkh Zl6db ry ;kT0K'yhmK'yjm5,b ;y khxGoy ]:dry l6db ry 9wrzK,yr]Coy sG9ry syh> l6db ry ;kTv,yj sKoyt0y.X? 9K'yrawKj NDF gdkh]K9yh;kh sxyst '< ry 0;yh,sklK'yr v,yjdxyrdwKjpkh,;yrd,y? z5h -KoyxKdyj SSA-S oK'yr-5;b ry lCogy dkh]K9yh ;kh d5ory dkTpkh ,ur;yd. xyr95;y SSA-S ooyt v,yj0yh. d5ory s;yrS9:xjy mG'dy k. jo'yjow? @*T$TQ* s^;yokh06,yrd6b9yrl6bdyrs^;y ,5b'yr 0;yh,skd\kj ]K9yh,kr;kh -;yxuho:'yt v,yjdG;yj-:'yhl'ydoy/ ;5Pygl\kjd'yrgdkh v,yjpK,yhsoydoyglx:dhy owp;y?t q

z5;b jy xKxyrxoyd,yrmb $ Jgxkr,yr. swKT ,yr. xKxyr95Pry okhd;y]r5 "

s^;b hy ,yr. 1

ymyf;

J,yr. xKxyrokhd;yd,yro6'b hy p;yt gxkr,yr. 'Koygdkh 0K,yr,'y9P 5 ry mC'hy l:'dy ,yrc]hvwKh"

ymyf;

iMj

iM;

ymyf;

iM:

Shan Herald Agency for News

INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

15

22/3/2548, 17:51

15


k

acMjxmrfvGifjugmrf;vmwfjvdufjvBm; 9:xjy @_+ gdkT Z)T*(8 oyr. z5hvKoyjX

@T

0:'jy ]u0T.y g-khd.K,yrmwr voy,o b5 'y Kw rg-khd.K,yr9wrM? ]u0T.y @(% Z_(T)8X v,yj]u0T.y #* Z@$T#8X

#T

0:'jy ]u0T.y v,yj]u0T.y xkj]b ,5o b m y rw M? ]u0T.y @*( Z_#T*8X

xwj]u0T.y $$ Z@)T*8X

$T

0:'yj]uv;yd.K,yr,Koyh0y.T9K'yd.kjmkhM? ]u0T.y #@ Z@@T@8X

v,yj]u0T.y @(_ Z__T+8X

%T

0:'yj]uv;yd.K,yr,Koyh,krxboyjxGoyd.K,yr9wrgl0y.TM? ]u0T.y %* Z#$T_8X v,yj]u0T.y @%% Z)(T#8X

*T

0:'yj]uv;ylG'yvb'yrd]G9yh,krpGoyrxGoylG'yd.K,yr9wrgl0y.TM? ]u0T.y @$_ Z)$8X v,yj]u0T.y *@ Z#)8X

(T

0:'yj]uxboyjv;y9uhvb'yrd]G9yhgl -5'yv:dyjd.K,yr,y.jM? ]u @(# Z_*T)8X v,yj]u #) Z@%T$8X

)T

0:'jy ]uso G ry ]bdhy mwr xGoz y kjlkjmbo'b6 hy ]usGoyr *) Z$QT#8X

v,yj]uso G ry @$# Z(+T_8X

_T

0:'jy ]uso G ry ]bdhy mwr xGoz y kjlkjmbl': yM? ]uso G ry @#+ Z(_T$8X

v,yj]uso G ry (Q Z$@T)8X

+T

0:'jy ]uso G ry ]bdhy mwr xGoz y kjlkjmblK,yM? ]usGoyr @*Q Z)+T%8X

v,yj]uso G ry $+ Z#QT(8X

@QT ]bdhy 9wr2d.K,yr9wrs;yr v,yjx6'b hy zy. sG9ry -6'b v y ;ys'yrd5Pry ooyt 0:'jy g9]Cxhy p5jp6o b ry pK;yr]wh Zoy.r';yr]wKrdKoy,5b'yr]6,yhakTpK,yr]G;yM?X 96o b ry ]wh ++ Z*#T%8X v,yj]Cxhy ]wh +Q Z%)T(8X @@T g-khd.K,yr-5'v y d: jy ,yj. voyd;yjd;yj05;b ry ooyt 0:'jy ,ur]dyr0G'y (Standard) l'y,krM? ,ur +@ Z%_T)8X v,yj,ur +) Z*@T$8X @#T g-khd.K,yrvoyg9-5'v y d: jy g-kh,yj. mC'hy ,5;b ry okhowt 0:'jy d6'b jy ,ur]dyr0G'y voymd6 jy ,Cohy 0:,ry dKxyhxKoy c]h voyd5oyr9'yro,y]wh0y.M? m6djy ,ur @_+ Z@QQ8X v,yjm6dyj,ur 16 Vol. 22, No. 218, 2005

INDP 218 SHAN.pmd

16

22/3/2548, 17:51


korn kaw 2