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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

٢٠٣


  

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 W،،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬        ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ،   ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬      ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،‫א‬     K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ?   ?  ? ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ? ‫א‬ ‫א‬    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬     W    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬  K‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


  

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

    ،‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   

 

• •


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ١٠W‫א‬‫א‬ 

 W‫א‬‫א‬  K

-١-

• • •


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

‫א‬K١ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

K   ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

E F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

،ESizeF‫א‬‫א‬(ShapeF‫א‬

‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬(FinishF‫(א‬MaterialF‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬K  ‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬EFilmF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬KKKKK،‫א‬،،‫א‬،E‫א‬F‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

(CADDF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Computer

Aided-Design and Drafting Systems

‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PrinterF ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SketchingF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬ 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٢ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E ،‫א‬،‫א‬F‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KKKK،‫א‬

  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K١{١K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

            ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W١{١

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬ :

Scale

‫א‬‫א‬:

French Curve

٤٥٠:

450 Triangle

٦٠٠J ٣٠٠:

300 – 600 Triangle

 : T

T-Square

‫א‬:

Drawing Board

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬:

Erasing Shield

:

Pencil

:

Protractor

:

Dusting brush

‫ﻗﻠﻡ ﺭﺼﺎﺹ ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬:

Pencil Pointer

‫ﻓﺭﺠﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻡ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ‬:

Dividers

‫ﻤﻤﺤﺎﺓ‬:

Eraser

:

Compass

:

Drafting tape

 W‫א‬‫א‬ Drawing Board (drawing table)

E‫א‬F‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ١٢x٩٣٠{٤٨x ٢٢{٨٦  ٢٢x١٧٥٥{٨٦x ٤٣{١٨  ٢٤x٢٠٦٠{٩٦x ٥٠{٨  ٧٢x٤٨١٨٢{٨٨x ١٢١{٩٢

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

  ‫א‬W،‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬  (Plastics)‫א‬‫א‬

 K٢{١‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬٢{١ T-Square

T ‫א‬E٢

‫א‬EBladeF‫א‬‫א‬WT‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KEStraightedgeF

،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬T‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KE٣{١‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

-٥-


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 

  

   

 T‫א‬٣{١

‫א‬E٣F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Triangles

E٣٠٠،٦٠٠،٩٠٠F‫א‬E٤٥٠،٤٥٠،٩٠٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  KE٤{١‫א‬‫א‬FT‫א‬            ‫א‬٤{١ -٦-


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

Compass

‫א‬E٤F

 W‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  Small Bow CompassEF‫א‬‫א‬J 

٢٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KE٥{١‫א‬F     

        

 ‫א‬٥{١  Drop Bow Compass‫א‬‫א‬J  ‫א‬  KE٥{١‫א‬‫א‬F٢٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 Big Bow CompassJ  K٥٠٢٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KE٥{١‫א‬F 

Big Bow Compass with inking attachment J   and pen K ٥٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KE٥{١‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Beam CompassE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬J   W،‫א‬‫א‬  

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‫א‬‫א‬

-

KE٦{١‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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      

 ‫א‬٦{١ Divider

‫א‬E٥F

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  KE٧{١‫א‬F، ‫א‬ -٨-


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬٧{١  Protractor ‫א‬E٦F ‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬،٨{١‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬    K٩{١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

      

 ‫א‬٨{١  

           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩{١

 

 Irregular Curves‫א‬‫א‬E٧F  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  French Curves‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K١٠{١‫א‬ - ١٠ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠{١  Templates E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬E٨F

‫א‬‫א‬

  K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬       ‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

 KE‫א‬‫א‬١١{١‫א‬F          

Templates‫א‬‫א‬١١{١

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 Dusting Brush ‫א‬E٩F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬  KE١٢{١‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬   

     ‫א‬١٢{١ Erasers ‫א‬E١٠F ١٣{١‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬     

 

١٣{١ - ١٢ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

Flexible Curve ‫א‬‫( א‬١١) EPlasticsF‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،  KE١٤{١‫א‬F‫א‬،٠{٣٥ 

   

 ١٤{١ Erasing Shield ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٢) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KE١٥{١‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬    

     

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٥{١

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

Scale Rulers ‫א‬E١٣) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  KE١٦{١‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬             ‫א‬١٦{١

 ‫א‬K٣ J  ‫א‬‫–א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

E١٧{١‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

E

 

A4  ٢٩٧x٢١٠

 

A2  ٥٩٤x٤٢٠

 

A1  ٨٤١x٥٩٤

 

A3  ٤٢٠x٢٩٧

A0  ١١٨٩x٨٤١ 

 

E١٨{١‫א‬FEF‫א‬‫א‬

E 

Size A١١x٨٫١  ١١x٨{١  Size B١٧x١١  ١٨x١٢ 

Size C٢٢x١٧  ٢٤x١٨ 

Size D٢٢x٣٤  ٢٤x٣٦ 

Size E٣٤x٤٤ ٤٦x٤٨

١٧{١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬١٨{١‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

             ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٧{١‫א‬

          

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٨{١‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٤ ،    ‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   Types of Lines ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬١٩{١‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬

Visible Line  .١

،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Object Lines‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٠{٥‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬

Border Line ‫א‬ .٢

١٦L١E ٠{٨F٣٢L١‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬E١{٥٨F phantom Line ‫א‬ .٣

١٩F¾‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

١٦L١‫א‬E ٣F٨L١  E ١٢F½E  KE١{٥F

- ١٧ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

  ‫א‬‫א‬١٩{١‫א‬       

CenterLines ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬٢٠١٠‫א‬‫א‬٠{٣  KE١٩{١‫א‬F٢‫א‬‫א‬ Cutting Plane Lines

‫א‬E٥F

‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

E ١٢F½E ١٩F¾‫א‬،‫א‬EdashesF‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬KE ١{٥F١٦L١E٣F٨L١‫א‬

 KE١٩{١٢٠{١‫א‬FKE١{٥F١٦L١E٦F¼

Dimension Lines ‫א‬E٦F

 K‫א‬‫א‬٠{٣‫א‬ Extension Lines ‫א‬‫א‬E٧F

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ - ١٨ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

Hidden Line E٨F ،٠{٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KE٢٠{١٢١{١ ١٩{١‫א‬F٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Guide Lines ‫א‬E٩F

 KE٢١{١‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

hatching Lines ‫א‬E١٠F ٤٥‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬

 K٢J ١‫א‬٠{٣‫א‬     

 ‫א‬‫א‬٢٠{١‫א‬

          

 ‫א‬‫א‬٢١{١‫א‬ - ١٩ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬K٤  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

Dimension Lines ‫א‬

E -

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

 KE٢١{١١٩{١‫א‬‫א‬F Leader Lines E‫א‬F‫א‬J

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ،  KE٢١{١١٩{١‫א‬F  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-

K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٠٠‫א‬‫א‬  KE٢٢{١‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ H

L

L1

 ‫א‬٢٢{١‫א‬

- ٢٠ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬

H

H

H1

H1

L

L L1

L1

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٣{١‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬K٥  K٢٥{١٢٤{١‫א‬

  ٢٤{١‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

           

 ٢٥{١‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

٢


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  W‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

• • • 

 ٦W‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

       

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 .١

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

  ‫א‬‫א‬K   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫א‬  ‫א‬K‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬E  ‫א‬،،،F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٢ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١{٢

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١{٢‫א‬ K ‫א‬?  ‫?א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

 Kpiles‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬٢{٢‫א‬  K‫א‬          ‫א‬‫א‬١{٢  - ٢٥ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

     

16 / 15 cm

  

16 / 15 cm

    ‫א‬‫א‬٢{٢

‫א‬‫א‬٢{٢

،‫א‬‫א‬٣{٢‫א‬

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K١٢ ‫א‬،٣٠٢٥‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬٨ ٦‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K٣٠٠١٠٠‫א‬‫א‬٤{٢‫א‬  K٥٠٢٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬       - ٢٦ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

1

2

A

 3 

4

5

A

  

B

B

 

C

C

1

 3 4  AXIS &COLUMNS PLAN 

2

5

 ٣{٢

- ٢٧ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

  

16

 

8 8 @ 10 cm support 20 cm middle

A

 

16

A Section A - A

14

Column - C1

 

8/20 cm

 

16

Column - C3

8 @ 10 cm support 20 cm middle

16

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬٤{٢  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٣{٢

،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٥{٢‫א‬ B‫א‬،T‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬٣‫א‬B3‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K ١٢ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠٦‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬K٣٠٠١٠٠‫א‬‫א‬٦{٢  K٥٠٢٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٢٨ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

2

1 C2

A

B8

C2

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

3 B8

C2

4

5 B8

C2

B8

7

6 C1

B1

B2

B2

B4

C

C2

1

C2

2

C2

C3

C1

C1

B

B3

B8

B8

 A

B7

8

B8

B6

B

B8 C2

3

B3

   

B4

B5

Stair (Cage D'escalier)

B8

B8 C2

C2

C3

C2

C

2

4

5

6

7

8

  ‫א‬‫א‬٥{٢

- ٢٩ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

Beam B2 (Axis 2-2 & 3-3) Reinforcement 2 16

2 16

4 16

A

8 /10 cm

  

A 8 16

  

4 16

4.7 m

2 16 2 16

4 16

5.30 m

 

4 16

8 /10 cm At Support /20 cm Middle Beam

  

8 16

 

Section A - A

  ‫א‬‫א‬٦{٢  Slabs ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،٧{٢‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٣٠ -

٤٫٢


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

٪٠{١٥‫א‬‫א‬٪٢٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨{٢‫א‬

 ٧{٢

‫א‬‫א‬ (‫)أ‬

 ‫א‬EF  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨{٢ - ٣١ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

‫א‬‫א‬٩{٢‫א‬ .‫א‬

6

10 / m

6

6

10 / m

10 / m

 ٩{٢

Flat Solid Slab‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬٨{٢‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ١٠{٢‫א‬

- ٣٢ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

    

5

8/m

    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠{٢‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬٥٫٢  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ • ‫א‬‫א‬ • ‫א‬ •  •

‫א‬ •

 •  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

Bearing Walls ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

١١{٢‫א‬KRetaining walls ،‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬ - ٣٣ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

٢٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬١٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K٢٥‫א‬‫א‬٣٨‫א‬

٥١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬١٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K٢٥‫א‬٣٨‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬١٧‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K٢٥‫א‬‫א‬٣٨‫א‬‫א‬٥١‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬١٨‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 K٢٥‫א‬٣٨‫א‬‫א‬٥١‫א‬‫א‬٦٤‫א‬                  - ٣٤ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

        

       

Retaining Wall ١١{٢‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

Stairs ‫א‬ ٦٫٢

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١٣{٢‫א‬‫א‬ ١٢{٢‫א‬K ‫א‬ - ٣٥ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

‫א‬‫א‬ ١٤{٢‫א‬K   K‫א‬

‫א‬ ١٢٫٢ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬

 ‫א‬١٣{٢ - ٣٦ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

Stair Reinforcement

2 14

8

8 6 8/m 3 16

6 12/m

2 14

7 12

5 10

8/10 cm 3 16

‫א‬‫א‬ ١٤٫٢ ‫اﻟﺸﻜﻞ‬

- ٣٧ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬



 

٣


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ •

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K 

 ٥W‫א‬‫א‬ 

 W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٣٨ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 .١

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

Plan‫א‬.٢ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ K 

 K‫א‬‫א‬١{٣‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬  



 ‫א‬‫א‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬:١٫٣‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬.٣  W‫א‬ Perspective projection J  Orthogonal projectionJ 

 Axonometric Projection ‫א‬J  - ٣٩ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢{٣‫א‬ 

  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬:٢٫٣‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬

Orthogonal projection‫א‬‫א‬.٤

 W‫א‬‫א‬

Principal orthogonal projection

J 

،،،،،F‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

 KE

Auxiliary orthogonal projection

J  

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٫٣‫א‬  

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 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬: ٣٫٣‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ٤٫٣‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

.‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ :٤٫٣ ‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 Sectioning ‫א‬.٥

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  full section

E

 K٥{٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ half section

E 

 K٦{٣‫א‬‫א‬ partial section

E 

 K٧{٣‫א‬‫א‬ 

 full section٥{٣

 

 half section٦{٣ - ٤٢ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

partial section٧{٣

‫א‬.٦ ‫א‬١J ١‫א‬٨{٣ ‫א‬ 

 K٨{٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١J ١٩{٣‫א‬K٢J ٢  K٨{٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢J ٢١٠{٣‫א‬ 

2

1 C2

A

B8

C2

3 B8

C2

 

4

5

C2

B8

2

B1

B2

B8

B8 C2

1

C2

2

C2

3

 

2

B4

B7

B5 1

C1

2

14

4

13

5

12

6

11

7

10

B8

9

B3

C3

B4

C2

4

B11

B8 C2

5

C3

C2

6

7

8

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨{٣

- ٤٣ -

B

8

B8

1

C2

C1

3

B3

 C

A

B6

B2

8 C2

C1

B8

B

7

6

1

C


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

Section 1 -1

 

B

B

Section C-C

C

  

C

Section B-B

   

٨{٤‫א‬١J ١٩{٣ A

Section 2-2

A

Section A-A

   18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

      

٨{٤‫א‬J ٢J ٢١٠{٣

- ٤٤ -

A


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

٤


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬   ٦W‫א‬‫א‬ 

 W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٤٥ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 K١  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K  

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،١٫٤‫א‬

 KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٤٦ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ١{٤‫א‬  ‫א‬K٢  ‫א‬‫א‬ •

E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ J ١  ‫א‬‫א‬٣٢

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤

 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٥ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١J ١‫א‬ K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬٢J ٢‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬٦٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤٥٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

٢٫٤‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

Beam B2  (Axis 2-2 & 3-3) Reinforcement 2

16

2

16

4

A

8 /10 cm

16

A

8

16

 4

 

16

2 16 2 16

4.7 m

5.30 m

4

 

4

16

16

8 /10 cm At Support /20 cm Middle Beam

 

8

16

Section A - A

Beam ID B1 B2 middle

B3

Section cm

Lower 

25x60 40x60

6 φ16 8φ1 6

25x50

4φ16

Bent Bars

Upper

Stirrups

3 φ16 4 φ1 6

3 φ16 4 φ16

φ8/20 cm φ8/10 cm /20 cm

2 φ16

4 φ14

φ8/20 cm

 

. ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٢٫٤ ‫א‬

،‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ٣٫٤‫א‬  K‫א‬

F٣٠‫א‬١٠ • KE - ٤٨ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

٣٨‫א‬١٩ • KE‫א‬‫א‬F ٤٠‫א‬٢٠ •  K 

،‫א‬،٤٠‫א‬٣٠ • K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٫٤‫א‬

T‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K٤{٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤٫٤‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 K٥{٤‫א‬L‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬٥{٤‫א‬  K٣ ‫א‬٦{٤‫א‬K١  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٥٠ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 K٦٫٤‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 K٢ ‫א‬‫א‬ ٧٫٤‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  Beam B5 (AxisB5-B8) Reinforcement

C

3 16

C

6 16

3 16

2 16

A

B

A

B

8 /10 cm

D

3 16

D

3 16

3 16

6 16

3 16

6 16

8 /10 cm support 20 cm middle

8 /10 cm

6 16

3 16

Section B-B

Section A - A

3 16

8 /20 cm

3 16

Section D - D

 K‫א‬‫א‬٧{٤‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ٣  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨{٤‫א‬ 

  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨{٤‫א‬ 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 K٤ ١٠{٤‫א‬٩{٤‫א‬  K 

 K٩{٤‫א‬

 K١٠{٤‫א‬

 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 K٥ 

Beam B8 (Axis A-A) Reinforcement

 8 /15 cm

A A

B B

3 16

3 14

3 14

3 14

C

D

C

D

8 /15 cm

3 14

3 16

8 /20 cm

E

F

E

F

8 /20 cm

8 /15 cm

3 16

G

H

G

H

6 16

8 /10 cm

I

J

I

J

8 /15 cm 3 14 3 14

3 14

2 16

3 14

8 /20 cm

8 /15 cm 8 /15 cm

8 /20 cm

6 16 3 16

3 16

Section A - A C- C E- E

3 16

Section I - I

Section G - G

Section D - D Section F - F 3 14 3 16 8 /20 cm

3 14

3 16

8 /20 cm

Section H-H Section J-J

3 16

Section B - B

            

 K‫א‬١٠{٤‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

‫א‬

٥


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ 

 W‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

K٪100‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ٤W‫א‬‫א‬ 

  W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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• •


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬ K١ 

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

٪٠٫٨‫א‬‫א‬ W‫א‬‫א‬

 ١٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٪٦ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٠X٢٠‫א‬،٥٠

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

،W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬، 

٢٥‫א‬ ١٣

K٣٠ ‫א‬، ٨ ٦‫א‬

K٢٥١٥‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K٣٢‫א‬

   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬      ١٫٥ ‫א‬

 K٢٠‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬١{٥‫א‬

١٣‫א‬ ٣٠ x  ٣٠ ٢٫٥‫א‬

 KEL٦φ٥F‫א‬‫א‬٦‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٣φ٤F

   30 x٣٠٢٫٥‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ٤٠ x ٤٠ ٣٫٥‫א‬

٧F٦‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E١٦φ٨F١٦

 EL٦φ

   40 x٤٠٣٫٥‫א‬ ٤٫٥‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٤٫٥‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 K٥٫٥‫א‬ 

 K٥٫٥‫א‬ 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦{٥‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

     

8

16

A

 

A 8 @ 10 cm support 20 cm middle

16

Section A - A Column - C1

    

Section cm

Steel

Stirrups

C1 C2

25x60 25x40

8φ16 6φ16

φ8/10 cm φ8/10 cm

C3

25x25

Column ID

4φ14

φ8/20 cm

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦٫٥‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

    

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  E٣٦٠٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬  

 K٧{٥ ‫א‬‫א‬ESpiral HoopsF

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 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

           ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧{٥‫א‬  

‫א‬‫א‬٨{٥‫א‬

 KACI‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  

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 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

   

         

 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨٫٥‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 W‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

• 

K٪100‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ٤W‫א‬‫א‬    W‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬K   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ ١{٦‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬ 

 ١{٦‫ א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Solid Slabs

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KKKK‫א‬  WE٢{٦‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ J  

٤{٦‫א‬K‫א‬٣{٦‫א‬  K  Flat Slabs ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ،‫א‬ ٩٦ ‫א‬ K٢{٦‫א‬  K٠{٤٠{١٥‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

            

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٢٫٦‫א‬

         - ٦٦ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٣٫٦‫א‬

 

6

10 / m

   6

10 / m

  

6

10 / m

  ٤٫٦‫א‬

- ٦٧ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

J 

 K‫א‬‫א‬٧٥‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W  ‫א‬‫א‬ J   K‫א‬٦x٦

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥٫٦‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦{٦‫א‬

٩٤{٥‫א‬‫א‬،E٠{٥٠{٣F‫א‬  KE٥{٦‫א‬F

- ٦٨ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

                   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥{٦‫א‬

- ٦٩ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

                      ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٦{٦‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧{٦‫א‬  K‫א‬ - ٧٠ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

          ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٧٫٦‫א‬

 

waffle Slabs ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬،٨{٦‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١{٢٠{٦‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K٠{٧٥

  

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

                  ‫א‬‫א‬

٨٫٦‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٫٦‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬٤-٣‫א‬ ١

 K‫א‬‫א‬٢‫א‬

 

  

٩٫٦‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١٠٫٦‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠٫٦‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

٧


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 W‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K٪100‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

  ٤W‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،٥٠

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

.١ ١٫٢

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

١٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬٦‫א‬‫א‬١٢٥‫א‬ K١{٧‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

- ٧٦ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬١٫٧‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬U K٢{٧‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٧٧ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢{٧‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬

K٣{٧‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣{٧‫א‬  - ٧٨ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K٤{٧‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤{٧‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥{٧‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬٥{٧‫א‬ - ٧٩ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٫٢ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ٦{٧‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬‫א‬٦{٧‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬ ٧{٧‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬٧{٧‫א‬  - ٨٠ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٨٫٧‫א‬  K‫א‬

  K‫א‬‫א‬٨٫٧‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ،‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٫٧‫א‬K‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬١٠٫٧‫א‬

 K‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K١١٫٧‫א‬      - ٨١ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

FOUNDATION:

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

F2 Reinforcement Details 

   16 / 20 cm

B

A

  

16 / 10 cm

16 / 20 cm

16 / 10 cm

16 / 20 cm

A

16 / 20 cm

16 / 20 cm

A

B

 

B

    K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٩٫٧‫א‬

  

- ٨٢ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬١٠٫٧‫א‬

- ٨٣ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

  ‫א‬١١٫٧‫א‬

- ٨٤ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

٨


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  W‫א‬‫א‬ 

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •  K٪100‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

  ٤W‫א‬‫א‬   W‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٨٥ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬ •

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

١٫٨‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١٫٨ ‫א‬  ١E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 W‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

 K

 ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٥٠‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬٢٫٨‫א‬K٣٨‫א‬‫א‬K١٣‫א‬  K٥٠٣٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

.٥٠‫א‬ ٢٫٨ ‫א‬ - ٨٧ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

٣٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٫٨‫א‬  K٧٥ 

.٥٠‫א‬ ٣٫٨ ‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 Retaining walls ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K٤{٨‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ٤٫٨ ‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

٩


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬   ٤W‫א‬‫א‬ 

 W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K

‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .١ ‫א‬‫א‬E١٫٩‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١٫٩‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬:١٫٩‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬٢٫٩‫א‬

 K‫א‬ - ٩١ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

      

    

   ‫א‬:٢٫٩‫א‬ 

 ‫א‬‫א‬ .٣ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ KKKKK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KE٣{٩‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  

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 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬:٣٫٩‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬K 

 ‫א‬ .١٫٤

E  ‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬٤٫٩‫א‬K‫א‬

K‫א‬ :٤٫٩‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

  .٥

    ‫א‬      ‫א‬     ٥{٩ ‫א‬

 KP.V.C

‫א‬   ٧{٩ ‫א‬ K       ٦{٩ ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 P.V.C‫א‬‫א‬W٥{٩‫א‬

 K٦{٩‫א‬ - ٩٥ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W٧{٩‫א‬ ‫א‬          ٨{٩  ‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٩٦ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

Fluorescent Lamp

Electricity Meter

Filament Lamp Switched socket outlet Switch Two Way Switch Distribution Board

(-0.30) 1 2 3

(+0.30)

(+0.15) (+0.15)

(+0.00)

1 2 3 4 5 6

16 15

7

14

8

13

9

12

11

10

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W٨{٩‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬

- ٩٧ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

‫א‬ .٦

 W‫א‬

 ‫א‬K١٫٦ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬

 ٩{٩‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ P.V.C‫א‬  K‫א‬١٠{٩‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

       

W٩{٩‫א‬

- ٩٨ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬W١٠{٩‫א‬

‫א‬K٢٫٦

 ‫א‬      ،‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ 

 K١١{٩‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KW١١{٩‫א‬

- ٩٩ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬K٣٫٦  K١٢{٩‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬KW١٢{٩‫א‬  ‫א‬‫ א‬.٧

   ،       ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬١{٧

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬  ‫א‬      ‫א‬         K١٣{٩‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ١٠٠ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 W١٣{٩‫א‬  E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬٢{٧

 ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ 

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬١٤{٩‫א‬

- ١٠١ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 E‫א‬FW١٤{٩‫א‬    ٨{٧

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١٥{٩‫א‬

.‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ١٠٢ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

F 10

E

1/10 1/10

9

(-0.30)

8 1 2

rwp

3

rwp

A

(+0.30)

B

(+0.15) (+0.15)

(+0.15)

(+0.00)

2 3 4 5 7

14

8

9

12

(+2.05)

6

16 15

13

11

10

(+1.73)

D

rwp

2

3

4

5

6

7

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W١٥{٩‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ١٠٣ -

 

1

C

1

  


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹] ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

١٠


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 W‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ •

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

• 

 ٥W‫א‬‫א‬ 

 W‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬

- ١٠٤ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

  ‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬،‫א‬W  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬KKK‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬KKK W‫א‬‫א‬٢{١٠‫א‬١{١٠‫א‬

K ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬   ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    

 E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬W١{١٠‫א‬ 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W٢{١٠‫א‬ - ١٠٥ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ƒ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ٢٠:١ ، ١٠:١  ‫ א‬

ƒ

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

ƒ

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

ƒ

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

ƒ

 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬،E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬1 ‫א‬50‫א‬1:100   KE٣٫١٠‫א‬F0.1 

 :٣٫١٠‫א‬ 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  KE٤٫١٠F‫א‬

  W٤{١٠‫א‬ •

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

‫א‬٥٫١٠‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

      ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬

 KETrussF٦٫١٠‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬      K٧٫١٠‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

  ‫א‬‫א‬:٥{١٠‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 K(Truss)  : ٦٫١٠‫א‬  

 K : ٧٫١٠‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬       

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬  K‫א‬٧{١٠‫א‬K‫א‬KKKK - ١٠٩ -


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 K‫א‬:٧٫١٠‫א‬ 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 KF ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ColumnEF٨٫١٠‫א‬   

   :٨٫١٠ ‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٢٠٣

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 KF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF٩{١٠‫א‬

W٩{١٠‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬ 

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

1. Barry R. (1998), The construction of Buildings, Third Edition, Volume 5, Blackwell Science Ltd. 2. Ronald J. Lutz (1991), Applied Sketching and Technical Drawing, The GoodheartWilcox Company, Inc. 3. Barry R. (1996), The construction of Buildings, Fourth Edition, Volume 4, Blackwell Science Ltd.

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،E١٩٩٩F‫א‬‫א‬K٤  K،‫א‬،‫א‬ 

،،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E٢٠٠١FK٥  K‫א‬ 

‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E١٩٩٨F‫א‬K٦  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،E١٩٨٥F‫א‬&‫א‬K٧  K،،‫א‬ 

،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E١٩٨٤F‫א‬‫א‬&‫א‬‫א‬K٨  K،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬ 

 ٢٠٣

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬

١ ٢٤ ٣٨ ٤٥ ٥٦ ٦٤ ٧٥ ٨٥ ٩٠ ١٠٤ ١١٣

  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬ 

‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬


      

      ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ GOTEVOT appreciates the financial support provided by BAE SYSTEMS

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