Rose Review Fall 2020

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Fall 2020 3 - Student Managers’ Report 4 - Introducing Our New Hires 7 - Project Updates


This Fall, the Rose Institute has been navigating the challenges posed by the all-online environment from Day One. We have made many adjustments. These have included: • Allowing student research assistants to opt out or reduce their hours if their personal circumstances required it; • Managing projects remotely through frequent Zoom meetings with our student management team; • Limiting the Fall new hire class to Sophomores and conducting hiring through Zoom, including use of breakout rooms to facilitate group interviews. We have, nevertheless, forged ahead. Projects this semester have included: • A new installment of Video Voter, which was released October 12. As in years past, these short informational videos provide arguments for and against each statewide ballot proposition, as well as information about what groups or notable individuals support or oppose the measure. The Rose Institute has offered these videos to the public since 2012. • A white paper estimating revenue from Los Angeles County shopping malls that would be generated by passage of Proposition 15.

8 - Summer Updates 10 - Dr. Miller’s New Book 12 - Redistricting Conference 13 - Video Voter

• A new issue of the Inland Empire Outlook focusing on census and redistricting issues. • An ongoing project looking at the California Voting Rights Act. • A Fall update on the federalism project examining the major party candidates’ stances on federalism issues relating to health care, environment, marijuana regulation, and immigration. • Ongoing work on a local business guide with input from BOG members Greg Devereaux, Scott Ochoa, and Wayne Wedin. Some projects have been put on hold until circumstances are more propitious. By mutual agreement with the City of Ontario, we will not be beginning projects for the City under our Memorandum of Understanding until students have physically returned to campus. In addition, on September 17, 2020, the Institute hosted a very successful virtual conference: “2021 Redistricting: New Rules for California Local Governments.” In addition to participants, a total of 161 people registered for the conference, which went from 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. and included five panels, keynote remarks from Angelo Ancheta, and two opportunities for breakout sessions and networking. Special thanks to our sponsors—National Demographics Corporation, the law firm of Nielsen Merksamer Parrinello Gross & Leoni, LLP, and Tripepi Smith. Graduated Rosie Bryn

DIRECTOR’S REPORT Miller, now working for Tripepi Smith, provided invaluable logistical and staff support. On October 29, as part of our Speaker Series, we will be hosting Professor Jack Pitney as he speaks on “The Weirdest Election Ever” at the Athenaeum. The Rose Institute also provided financial support for two surveys organized by CMC Faculty, a survey on how voters assess local government administration by Prof. Andrew Sinclair of the Government Department and one on Latino political attitudes going into the 2020 election by Religious Studies Prof. Gaston Espinosa. Senior staff and student management worked over the summer to evaluate and revise hiring procedures for the first time in several years. The scope of those revisions expanded when we learned that school would be all-online this semester. The process worked smoothly despite the obstacles, and we hired six sophomores. We may repeat the process for Freshmen in January, if the students are not back on campus. Thanks to student managers, Ben McAnally ’21 and Jake Leischner ’21, for working hard to make hiring a success. Another event of note was the publication of Associate Director Ken Miller’s new book, Texas vs. California. A number of Rose students helped with research and mapping. Congratulations, Ken! I should also briefly mention that this semester marks the beginning of my final year as Director of the Rose Institute. The College has conducted a search for a new director and the interim Dean of the Faculty will be announcing a decision at the October 22 Board of Governors meeting. •

Dr. Busch looking over work being done by Rose research assistants, from left, Anna Green ’21, Melanie Wolfe ‘20, Zenaida Huerta ’20, and Alec Loptaa’20. ROSE REVIEW | Page 2



his semester, we were excited to adapt the Rose Institute hiring process into an online model that was transparent and equitable for all applicants. In a break from years past we opted to only recruit sophomore students from the five colleges, recognizing the inherent challenges already faced by first-year students beginning their college careers remotely. This decision allowed us to better target our recruiting on students with a genuine interest in nonpartisan research, state and local government, and California politics.

Benjamin McAnally ’21 Student Manager

Jacob Leischner ’21 Assoc. Student Manager

We worked to increase the resources available to applicants throughout the process by harnessing our distanced learning environment to our advantage. Some of these strategies included hosting information sessions online, which allowed us to record and then distribute these presentations to applicants in different time zones who would have otherwise been unable to attend. In the week leading up to the application deadline, we hosted Student Office Hours, where current Rose students met with potential applicants to give feedback on their written applications and to answer questions in a more casual setting. Once we received the applications, we anonymized them to prevent any potential bias from affecting our initial review. We would like to thank all of the Senior Staff for helping us throughout the process as well as our New Hire Manager, Nandeeni Patel ’21, for her work choosing and mentoring this year’s cohort. In order to adapt to the changing circumstances presented by COVID-19, the Rose moved to an opt-in staffing model for the Fall 2020 semester. This has allowed students overwhelmed by the changes to their schedules and daily life to take a step back while letting others who have found extra time in this new environment to take on more work. We have moved all our meetings and events online, including our Redistricting Conference on September 17, 2020. Focusing on issues including new statutory timelines, redistricting criteria, and advisory commissions, the conference brought together experts and newcomers to the redistricting process to inform and empower California local governments to navigate these changes effectively. Internally, we have attempted to formalize and streamline the process of project management by implementing project contracts and a master timeline for all current Rose work, increasing both transparency and accountability for team members and the projects as a whole. Gearing up for the 2020 election, the Rose has continued to provide non-partisan informational resources for the community. We are continuing to update the stances of the two major presidential candidates on federalism issues, and we have just released our Video Voter series summarizing initiatives on the California ballot. We will continue to create information for use following the election, maintaining a database of legal challenges to successful initiatives as well as analysis of recent changes to redistricting resulting from the 2020 census. Looking forward to the spring semester, we hope to continue to innovate our practices to maximize the student experience online, ensuring that those who want to are able to engage in substantive and meaningful research remotely. We have been so grateful for the efforts from students and senior staff in helping to achieve this goal, rising to the challenge presented by this separation as a community. ♦ ROSE REVIEW | Page 3




Marshall Bessey ’23

Gait Nairn ’22 The Miller Rose Initiative Database Team is continually working on finding new legal challenges and initiatives for the database. After this year’s primaries, we have been researching any new initiatives that may have been passed, as well as compiling any new legal challenges for older initiatives. We are also preparing for the November general election, where many new initiatives are on the ballot. We anticipate completing all updates by the end of the semester.

Photo credit:

This project seeks to understand some of the effects that Proposition 15 would have if it passes in November. Proposition 15 would establish a split roll property tax system, whereby homeowners and small business owners would still enjoy the benefits of Proposition 13, but most commercial properties would be taxed based on their current market value. This project examines the current property taxes of all shopping malls in Los Angeles County. It compares the property tax burden for each property under the current Prop 13-based assessed value to an estimate of its property taxes if it were based on its market value. I have finished all the data collection, and I am working with senior staff to edit the white paper that will be published. The data from LA County’s shopping malls showed a significant difference between shopping malls’ property taxes under Prop 13 and the estimated property taxes under Prop 15. Overall, property tax revenues from shopping malls are estimated to increase by around 150% if voters pass Prop 15 in November.


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Robin Peterson ’22

Sevion DaCosta ’21 In the spring of 2020, the Federalism team focused on the Democratic Presidential Candidates stances on key federalism issues. This fall the Federalism team has expanded on that research and has updated these topics as it relates to each 2020 Presidential Candidates’ platforms. We conducted a deep dive into the positions of both the Trump administration and potential Biden administration on key federalism issues that included Immigration, Environment, Marijuana Legalization, and Healthcare. The updated articles will be available on the Rose website (

Robin Peterson ’22 conversing with Kevin Sabet after his talk at the Athenaeum in November 2018,, while Professor Joe Bessette looks on. (Photo courtesy of the Rose Institute.)

The Local Business Guidebook is currently in the process of editing and revising to incorporate the feedback we received last semester. Our team is working on ways to improve the guide and make it as useful, accessible, and detailed as possible. We are adding new sections, like business development fees that businesses may encounter, and diving deeper into existing sections like the rental market. By the end of the semester we hope to produce a published guide that can be available on the Rose website and utilized by individuals looking to grow their business.

Moving forward, the federalism team is studying the federalism implications of proposed COVID-19 responses and the constitutionality of vaccination requirements. We are also working on an article that covers the federalism implications behind national law enforcement regulations.

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INTRODUCING OUR NEW HIRES We are happy to welcome our fall new hires. After receiveing applications from CMC, Scripps, Pomona, and Pitzer, the following students were selected to join our roster of research assistants.

Daniela Corona ’23 Danny is from Half Moon Bay, California, and is majoring in Government with a Data Science Sequence. Her interest in government stems from her high school experience in city government as a school representative. This past summer she worked as a research assistant studying state executive reorganization and reform. On-campus she is also a Success Consultant and works at Kravis Lab. When she is not working you can usually find her on the rugby field wearing uniform #2, tackling her teammates and (hopefully) throwing a perfect lineout.

Miriam H. Farah’23

Photo courtesy of Danny Corona ’23

Miriam is from Redondo Beach, California, and she is majoring in Public Policy and History. Because of her interest in law and politics, she participates in CMC Mock Trial, serves on the executive boards of the Claremont Government Society and the Taskforce for Immigrant and Refugee Rights, and works as a news editor for the CMC Forum. Throughout high school and her freshman year of college, she volunteered for social justice groups and interned for different law firms. She is excited to learn more about the legal system and education reform in California alongside 5C faculty members and students at the Rose. In her free time, Miriam enjoys going to the beach, biking, and baking.

Photo courtesy of Miriam Farah ’23



Maya T. Kurkhill ’23 Maya is from Yorba Linda, California which is a slightly sleepy town with deep roots in California’s agricultural history. After taking the class Agriculture & Political Rebellion, she became heavily interested in Yorba Linda’s political and farming history. In combination with pursuing a major in International Relations, Maya’s appreciation for local change, such as with Southern California farming, has led her to the Rose to pursue projects such as the Inland Empire Outlook. She hopes to bring her debate experience to her research by providing creative and collaborative ways to analyze civic engagement, process, and policy. Outside of the Rose, can find Maya on (or probably falling off of) her skateboard, watching anything written by Aaron Sorkin, or playing with her dog, Scruffy!

Photo courtesy of Maya Kurkhill ’23

Desmond V. Mantle ’23 Desmond is from Pasadena, California, pursuing a Government major and Computer Science sequence. He has been interested in state and local politics for all his life, culminating in an Appel Fellowship project involving in-depth research on the social, and particularly racial, implications of state firearms laws in the Western United States. At the Rose, Desmond hopes to continue studying the effects of California’s gun laws and contribute to ongoing initiative-related work such as the Miller-Rose Initiative Database. In his free time, Desmond enjoys editing grammar errors on Wikipedia, using his General Class license to communicate via ham radio, and hiking, particularly at his local landfill.

Photo courtesy of Desmond Mantle ’23



Sarah G. Simionas ’23 Sarah is from San Jose, CA, and majoring in Philosophy and Economics. Before joining the Rose, she explored her passion for government research as a Research Fellow for the CMC Policy Lab this past summer, researching congressional spending practices under the guidance of Professor Courser. At the Rose, she is excited to enrich her understanding of the impact of state and local policies in California and make this information easily accessible to larger communities. Outside of the Rose, Sarah also works for SOURCE Nonprofit Consulting and ASCMC’s Events Committee.

Cameron Stevens ’23

Photo courtesy of Sarah Simionas ’23

Cameron is from Park City, Utah, and is majoring in Economics and Public Policy. In high school, he developed an interest in state and local government by participating in debate and volunteering for the ACLU of Utah. At the Rose, Cameron is excited to engage in quantitative and qualitative analysis, and focus on new issues facing Californian communities from the Coronavirus and economic recession. Outside of school and work, Cameron enjoys skiing, surfing, hiking, and spending time in nature.

Photo courtesy of Cameron Stevens ’23



In Texas vs. California: A History of Their Struggle for the Future of America (Oxford 2020), Rose Institute Associate Director Ken Miller presents detailed analysis of a classic sibling rivalry. The book describes why the nation’s most populous, economically powerful, and ambitious states have sharply divided, and how they now compete for control of the nation’s future. First, the book explores the nature of the two states’ relationship. It shows how the states are close siblings, with common Hispanic ancestry, settlement by westward-moving Americans, Sunbelt geography, rapid population growth, powerful economies, diverse demographics, and even a history of overlapping political preferences. Yet these two siblings have become rivals. The book explains why they have divided by focusing on critical differences in their origins as well as in their later demographic, economic, cultural, and political development. Second, Professor Miller describes how Texas and California have constructed opposing, comprehensive policy models—one conservative, the other progressive. In separate chapters, the book highlights the states’

contrasting policies in five areas: tax, labor, energy and environment, poverty, and social issues. It also shows how Texas and California have led the red and blue state blocs in seeking to influence federal policy in these and other areas. The book concludes by assessing two models’ strengths, vulnerabilities, and future prospects. It argues that the rivalry will likely continue for the foreseeable future, because California will surely stay blue and progressive and Texas will likely remain red—or at least a source of conservative resistance to progressive policies. Miller argues that the challenge for the two states, and for the nation as a whole, is to view the competition in a positive light and turn it to productive ends. Working with a team of Rose Institute student researchers, Professor Miller drew from official government data and other sources to present the first balanced, scholarly analysis of competition between Texas and California. And by exploring one of the primary rifts in American politics, his book sheds light on virtually every aspect of the country’s political system. ROSE REVIEW | Page 9




Images courtesy of Nathan Tran POM ’23


SUMMER UPDATES Katherine Adelman ’21 Katherine spent her summer living and interning in her hometown at the placemaking organization, Centro San Antonio. Her favorite project of the summer was for an initiative called “Arts for All” which focuses on commissioning local artists to create murals around downtown San Antonio. The centerpiece of this project was the painting of an entire street block with a poem by the San Antonio poet laureate, Andrea “Vocab” Sanderson. In addition to helping organize the event, Katherine stayed up all night painting the mural alongside coworkers and volunteers. Seeing her community come together for a grueling twelve-hour long labor of love was life changing. Katherine also helped to create an economic development team meant to aid small businesses during COVID and beyond.

Elena Castellanos ’21 Elena was awarded one of the three CMC 2020 Public Policy and International Affairs Fellowships. During the eight-week program, Elena attended classes remotely at Carnegie Mellon’s Heinz College of Information Systems and Public Policy where she studied data science and economic policy. Simultaneaously, Elena also began her work for the LA County Democratic Central Committee.

Surrounding Travis Park on East Pecan, Jefferson and Travis streets are yellow letters that make up San Antonio Poet Laureate, Andrea Vocab Sanderson’s words, part of the Arts for All initiative. ROSE REVIEW | Page 12

Photo source: Centro San Antonio.

SUMMER UPDATES Nandini Jayaram ’22 This summer, Nandini stayed busy with a few different opportunities. She spent the first month of summer as a Consulting Intern at Stax Inc., a strategy consulting firm that primarily works with private equity clients. At this internship, she used research and data analysis skills she gained at the Rose Institute when compiling information about a potential acquisition and its competitors. She spent the next two months of summer as a Product Management Intern at Purchasing Platform Inc., a B2B online marketplace for procurement. At this internship, she used various software programs with which she was familiar from Rose training programs, and applied project management experience from the Rose to the variety of projects she worked on over eight weeks.

Jensen Steady ’23 Jensen worked at Every Vote Counts, a nonpartisan student-led nonprofit dedicated to expanding student voting access nationwide. As an intern, he worked directly with a fellow intern team and the executive director of the organization. He helped create digital content for the organization’s colleges chapters, including guides, social media graphics, blog posts, and website pages. Throughout the process, Jensen learned a lot about nonprofit organization, voting rights, and picked up many helpful skills. He spent his summer working from home in Santa Barbara, California, where he spent his free time going to the beach, riding his bike, and reading as many books as possible!

Desmond Mantle ’23 Desmond received a CMC Appel Fellowship, which provides first year students with funds to pursue a substantial writing project. His project examined gun culture in the American West, focusing particularly on its interactions with diverse racial, religious, and

political communities. He spoke with law enforcement, social justice activists, and political party officials. He compiled this project into a series of interviews with his own introductions in the style of Anna Deavere Smith’s book Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992 about the Los Angeles riots. Desmond’s fundamental questions involve whether the West’s gun culture reflects its political, religious, and ethnic diversity, and if so, how different groups within that culture form unique identities. He also wanted to shed light on the human faces of multiple sides of the gun control debate.

Tara Mehra ’23 Over the summer, Tara was also an Appel Fellow. Her project explored the changing Irish identity through the lens of history and immigration, culminating in a zine of poetry, flash fiction, and research. Because COVID-19 restricted travel, Tara relied on the research skills she learned during her first year at Rose to develop an understanding of Ireland’s history and immigration trends. For example, she analyzed Irish census data to support the theory of a changing Ireland during the Celtic Tiger era.

Nathan Tran POM’23 Thanks to COVID-19, Nathan’s congressional internship ended before it even began. Upon returning to his hometown of Tracy, California, Nathan decided to return to his activist roots. First, he secured a fellowship with the California Democratic Party, in which he oversaw communications and research projects for political organizers throughout the Central Valley. Then, Nathan was offered a job managing a county supervisor campaign! He worked hard to raise tens of thousands of dollars, devise advertising and messaging strategies, and digitize all of the campaign’s operations. Nathan is always proud to contribute his expertise to the causes he cares about -- and he’s always grateful that the Rose empowers him to expand his abilities as much as possible! ROSE REVIEW | Page 13



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he Rose Institute hosted 2021 Redistricting: New Rules for California Local Governments on September 17. The format was a virtual conference taking the place of two in-person conferences scheduled in April and in August. Director Andrew Busch welcomed participants promptly at 10:00 AM with an introduction of the Rose Institute. Five panels tackled important redistricting-related issues. Angelo Ancheta, former chair of the California Citizens Redistricting Commission delivered the keynote. Participants had the opportunity for further non-structured discussion during the lunch hour. At the conclusion of the panel discussions, many participants joined a networking event. Attendees posted questions and conversations made through Slack provided an avenue for panelists to respond to questions during and after the sessions. Registered participants can access video recordings of the sessions. MCLE credits were made available to participating eligible attorneys. Attendance exceeded committee expectations with 161 people registered for the conference, excluding panelists and staff. The maximum attendance in any session was 144, and every session had at least 100 attendees. Based on other online conference experiences, the retention of the audience throughout the entire day was a strong indicator about the quality of the programming. Post-conference evaluations indicated that, on a 1-10 scale (with 10 being best), 46 percent gave the conference a “10,” 19 percent a “9,” and 24 percent an “8.” Altogether, two-thirds gave the conference a “9” or “10,” and 89 percent gave it an “8” or better. Only 1 percent rated it below a “7.” Evaluations also yielded substantial qualitative feedback, including a list of topics for potential future programming. Tripepi Smith, National Demographics Corporation (NDC), and Nielsen Merksamer Parrinello Gross & Leoni, LLP, generously sponsored the conference. The organizing committee included Board of Governors members Marguerite Leoni, Ryder Todd Smith ’96, Christopher Skinnell ’99, and Darryl Wold ’63; Rose Institute Research Affiliate Doug Johnson ’92; and Rose Institute senior staff Andrew Busch, Marionette Moore, and Bipasa Nadon. Much of the staff and technical support was provided by former Rose research assistant, Bryn Miller ’19, who is now with Tripepi Smith. The conference proceedings will be made available to the public in early 2021. ROSE REVIEW | Page 14

Conference Schedule September 17, 2020 + 10:00 am - 10:15 am | Opening Session

Rose Director Andrew Busch kicked off the conference, gave a brief introduction to the Rose Institute of State and Local Government, outlined in broad strokes the key redistricting issues the conference will address, quickly walked through the schedule of the conference, and thanked the speakers and sponsors. Speaker: Andrew E. Busch, Director, Rose Institute of State and Local Government, CMC

+ 10:15 am - 11:05 am | Timeline and Public Records Requirements

This panel discussed the timeline for release of the Census data and any associated legislative changes to accommodate delay, spelled out the redistricting timeline for attorneys, city managers, county administrative officers, special district general managers, and superintendents tasked with guiding the process to completion, highlighted where the rules differ among each other and from ten years ago, and provided suggestions to facilitate compliance. In addition, this panel discussed brand new record-keeping rules and best practices to facilitate the task. Panelists: Marguerite Leoni, Nielsen & Merksamer; Randi Johl, City Clerk, Temecula & Legislative Lead, California City Clerks Association; Neal Kelley, Registrar of Voters, Orange County; Shalice Tilton, Senior Consultant, National Demographics Corporation

+ 11:10 am - 12:00 pm | Criteria for Redistricting

This panel spelled out the different sets of rules for attorneys and others involved with redistricting, explored what the new rules mean for cities and counties, and discussed the areas and breadth of discretion that remain for those jurisdictions as compared to other jurisdictions. Panelists: Nicholas Heidorn, J.D., Principal, Heidorn Consulting; Justin Levitt, Ph.D., Vice President, National Demographics Corporation; Chris Skinnell, J.D., Partner, Nielsen Merksamer

+ 12:00 pm - 12:30 pm | Breakout Rooms

Panelists were available in two Zoom breakout rooms to answer additional questions about redistricting during the first half of the lunch break. Panelists: Douglas Johnson, Ph.D., President, National Demographics Corporation; Marguerite Leoni, J.D., Partner, Nielsen Merksamer; Chris Skinnell, J.D., Partner, Nielsen Merksamer

+ 1:00 pm - 1:30 pm | Keynote: Participatory Redistricting

Angelo Ancheta delivered the keynote and was available for a live question-and-answer session. Ancheta was a member and chair of the 2010 California Citizens Redistricting Commission. A civil rights lawyer and an academic, Ancheta was a professor at the Santa Clara University School of Law from 2005 to 2014 and has also taught at the Harvard Law School, the New York University School of Law, and the UCLA School of Law.

+ 1:35 pm - 2:15 pm | Project Control: Direct, Advisory Commission, Independent Commission

This panel discussed the legal rules for the organization and operation of commissions and how jurisdictions might evaluate these options. The panel members – all participants in independent or advisory commission efforts in 2011 – shared their thoughts on the advantages and disadvantages of each system, and on the keys to success of their commissions. Panelists: Ken Chawkins, Strategic Communicator Consultant; Douglas Johnson, Ph.D., President, National Demographics Corporation; Michelle Rubalcava, J.D., Attorney, Nielsen Merksamer & Co-Chair, 2011 Advisory Redistricting Commission for the City of Sacramento; Sharon Spivak, J.D., Senior Deputy City Attorney, City of San Diego

+ 2:20 pm - 3:00 pm | Engaging the Community: Outreach Rules

Panelists were available in Zoom breakout rooms to answer questions about the specifics of timeline and record keeping for first timers, cities and counties and schools and special districts, as well as the criteria for cities and counties and schools & special districts. Panelists: Melissa Kuehne, Leadership and Governance Manager, Institute for Local Government; Ryder Todd Smith, President, Tripepi Smith; Jonathan Stein, Executive Director, California Common Cause

+ 3:05 pm - 4:00 pm | Strategic Insights and Practical Lessons

This discussion covered managing public expectations, working with interest groups, timeline management, ensuring productive Council or Board dynamics, managing relationships between staff and elected officials, and best practices to achieve a defensible process and redistricting plan. Panelists: Harold M. Freiman, J.D., Partner, Lozano Smith; Ginger Grimes, Attorney, Goldstein, Borgen, Dardarian & Ho; Douglas Johnson, Ph.D., President, National Demographics Corporation; Tara Schultz, Claremont City Manager

+ 4:00 pm - 4:30 pm | Post Conference Chats - Debrief, Network, Connect

Rose Institute Board of Governors Vice Chair Ryder Todd Smith facilitated small-group networking sessions. Attendees were split into groups of 5 for three rounds of conversation.



Images by Marionette Moore

Student Management

Senior Staff

Benjamin McAnally ’21

Andrew E. Busch, PhD

Student Manager

Jacob Leischner ’21

Associate Student Manager



The mission of the Rose Institute is to enhance the education of students at Claremont McKenna C ollege, to produce high quality research, and to promote public understanding on issues of state and local government, politics, and polic y, with an emphasis on California.

Ken Miller, JD, PhD

W W W. R O S E I NS T I T U T E .O R G

Administrative Assistant

Associate Director

Bipasa Nadon, JD Assistant Director

Marionette Moore

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