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Vol. 128, No. 121 Wednesday, April 17, 2019




Recognize how we promote rape culture

Softball looks to stay on top MW with series against Nevada

‘Letter From Masanjia’ reveals Chinese government secrets

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Colorado Parks and Wildlife is currently investigating a researcher at Colorado State University who is using crows to study the West Nile virus. In this file photo from 2013, crows flock along the Vermillion River in Danville, Illinois. PHOTO BY JASON WAMBSGANS CHICAGO TRIBUNE/MCT

Federal, State investigate CSU professor’s research By Laura Studley @laurastudley

In the fall of 2018, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals received a tip that Colorado State University professor Gregory Ebel was keeping wild crows in his laboratory. This was enough to catch the interest of Alka Chandna, PETA’s vice president of laboratory investigative cases. After reviewing the numbers

received through the Colorado Open Records Act, Chandna claimed that Ebel had not filed a state report for the year 2018, meaning, she said, legally he should not have crows in his laboratory. “Any wild-caught birds have to be reported in that report to the (United States Department of Agriculture) but Colorado State did not report any birds. So this is a violation of federal law,” Chand-

na said. “We know that there were crows in Dr. Ebel’s lab in 2018 and the (Colorado Parks and Wildlife) permitting process requires that if you haven’t finished using the birds you’ve trapped for scientific purposes by the end of the year you have to file a report, but there was no such report.” Chandna has submitted a request to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to begin an investigation alongside USDA and CPW. As of

now, the USFWS is not involved in any investigation involving PETA’s request according to Christina Meister, public affairs specialist with the USFWS. The University has defended Ebel’s research in several statements. A statement released on behalf of Ebel by the CSU Public Safety and Risk Communications Manager Dell Rae Ciaravola explained that PETA has mischaracterized Ebel’s experiments.

“His work focuses on trying to understand the evolutionary and population genetics of how viruses such as West Nile emerge. How these viruses behave and spread is an increasingly common concern (and a problem we want to better understand) due to environmental change, the rise of tropical megacities and increases in global travel and trade,” Ciaravola wrote.

see RESEARCH on page 4 >>

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Wednesday, April 17, 2019


Jason Salcedo takes advantage of some of the late-season snow and tubes with some friends April 11. The Florida native moved to Fort Collins 10 months ago. Salcedo and his friends usually use the tubes on the Poudre River in the summer time, but recently they decided to take them to the sledding hills. PHOTO BY SKYLER PRADHAN COLLEGIAN

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News | Wednesday, April 17, 2019


Updated City Plan details vision for future Fort Collins By Julia Trowbridge @chapin_jules

Fort Collins has been gathering input and creating a plan for the City’s next 20 years. The updated City Plan, with a supplemental Transit Master Plan, was presented to City Council on Tuesday. The City Plan is a vision for the next 10 to 20 years of Fort Collins, created with feedback from the community, in order to help guide the City in its core community values and policy plans, according to the Plan. With Fort Collins’ population changing in the last 20 years from 100,000 people to 170,000 people, the community values and the vision for the future should continuously be updated, City Planner Ryan Moore said. “Think of all the changes in technology and society and culture and things like that, our preferences and our ideas and values might change over time, Moore said. “So periodically updating it allows us to take those potential changes into account and help us make changes for the future.” The first City Plan came about in 1997, with minor changes in 2004 and updates with integrating sustainability initiatives in 2011, said City Planner Meaghan Overton. In this updated version, the Plan focuses on the core values of liveability with affordable housing and transportation, community with equity and promoting art in the City and sustainability efforts.

“I would say, compared to the previous versions of the City Plan, we’re focusing in this iteration on topics that come up all the time and are really important to people’s quality of life in Fort Collins,” Overton said. “City Plan normally talks about those, but it’s been a long time since we really got into the details of how exactly we’re using the land we have left in Fort Collins and how does that overlap with our transportation system.” The biggest topics that were important to the community were issues on housing and transportation, Mounce said. While residents were concerned with development projects in Fort Collins, residents also voiced a desire for more affordable housing options. “It’s a discussion about tradeoffs because there’s always going to be some pros and cons about any decision being made in the community, especially if it’s development related,” Moore said. “It might impact views on one side, but it might be providing some affordable or attainable housing on another, and so it’s about having people weigh these pros and cons and consider what’s good input.” According to the City Plan, the future of Fort Collins is focused less on single family homes, but more attached family units, accessory dwelling units and multifamily units, like apartment complexes and duplexes. This decision comes from the amount of land left and interest from the community, Overton said. The Transit Master Plan, which

Be seen wearing green Redeem a heart on campus for coffee and donuts at the Smith Alumni Center Tell us on social why you love CSU using #ILoveCSUDay

has additional projections on transportation growth, looks into expanding transit options from increasing the number of choices of transportation and expanding on rapid transit systems. The Transit Plan looks into rapid transit systems like the MAX, looking at West Elizabeth Street and Harmony Road going east and west, as well as increasing the MAX transit system farther north.

“What we’re hearing from folks when we were going out and doing our community engagement was about being a welcoming, inclusive community that cares about equity and wants to actively take that into account when making decisions. So you’ll see more in this Plan than in previous versions about what equity means in terms of transportation and housing and how we might think about that a little differently in the future.” MEAGHAN OVERTON CITY PLANNER

The City Plan is a vision for the next 10 to 20 years of Fort Collins, created with feedback from the community, in order to help guide the City in its core community values and policy plans PHOTO BY JULIA TROWBRIDGE COLLEGIAN

“Maybe you take Uber or Lyft to a destination and then your plans change, so you take an e-scooter, or a car share or a bike share to your next destination, then transit back home,” Moore said. “It’s about how do those all create a seamless experience because we’re seeing people use different modes and link them all together to get to where they want to go.” From the community feedback, Overton said she heard more about wanting Fort Collins to be an equitable community in all facets of the City’s growth then previous plans

have stated. “What we’re hearing from folks when we were going out and doing our community engagement was about being a welcoming, inclusive community that cares about equity and wants to actively take that into account when making decisions,” Overton said. “So you’ll see more in this Plan than in previous versions about what equity means in terms of transportation and housing and how we might think about that a little differently in the future.” Julia Trowbridge can be reached at

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News | Wednesday, April 17, 2019


ASCSU cambia el NYT a subscripción digital para estudiantes y profesorado By Ceci Taylor @cecelia_twt

Los Estudiantes Asociados de la Universidad Estatal de Colorado (ASCSU) recientemente aprobaron una resolución que cambió la subscripción impresa del New York Times a una subscripción digital. El nuevo método comenzó el jueves 4 de abril. Zachary Vaishampayan, el Jefe de Personal de ASCSU, dijo que el New York Times se puso en contacto con ASCSU a finales del semestre de otoño de 2018 para el cambio. Dijo que ASCSU se interesó por varias razones, una de las cuales es la falta de copias impresas que el New York Times proporcionaba. Vaishampayan mencionó que actualmente los estudiantes pagan 50 centavos por el New York Times como parte del programa de lectores de CSU. Cada año, el costo total de todas las suscripciones a periódicos es de 66.000 dólares, incluidos en la cuenta general de ASCSU.

Research >> from page 1 Ebel has a federal permit for the year of 2018 that expires in 2021, according to The Coloradoan. On the U.S. Fish and Wildlife permit application, Migratory Bird and Eagle Scientific Collecting, Section E requires that the applicant in question must signify that they have a state permit or else the federal permit is not valid. In an email to The Collegian, the USFWS confirmed that federal applicants need a state permit before submitting a federal form. According to the records PETA received under CORA, Ebel does not have a state permit for 2018. In a previous statement made to The Collegian, University had claimed this as a clerical error, saying there was an accidental lapse in the annual state permit, however, both CPW and USDA are conducting individual investigations on Ebel’s research. “Two permits are required to collect wild birds; one federal permit and one state permit. The annual federal permit was current during this time, but due to a clerical error there was an inadvertent lapse in the annual state permit during the time birds were collected in 2018,” Ciaravola wrote in a previous statement. “Prior to 2018, the researcher had both the annual state and federal permits for collection dating back to 2013. All state and federal permits are currently up to date for 2019, and have been since January 9.” Jason Clay, CPW public information officer, wrote in an email to The Collegian that CPW is currently looking into PETA’s inquiry,

“Somos un campus con alrededor de 32.000 estudiantes y tal vez unos 5.000 individuos en el profesorado y el personal”, dijo Vaishampayan. “229 copias no son precisamente muchas. Con la suscripción digital, hay una copia para cada estudiante y miembro del profesorado”. Tristan Syron, el Presidente de ASCSU, dijo que la cantidad previa no satisfacía la demanda estudiantil ni la demanda profesoral. “Si te levantabas lo suficiente temprano, eras un estudiante con suerte”, dijo Syron. “Si llegabas a las 11, qué mala suerte”. Vaishampayan también dijo que hicieron el cambio debido a los problemas medioambientales. “Desde el punto de vista medioambiental… [había] 229 copias de un gran diario y una distribución alta, mientras que, en línea, supongo que habrá costos de electricidad, pero eso es todo”, dijo Vaishampayan. Vaishampayan también mencionó preocupaciones por el acce-

so con la suscripción anterior. “Con la versión en línea, lo puedes leer dondequiera”, dijo Vaishampayan. “También es compatible con lectores electrónicos, o dispositivos de texto a voz, y todavía no han vuelto a hacer esto, pero últimamente todos sus videos contienen subtitulado para las personas con una deficiencia auditiva”. Vaishampayan dijo que el nuevo contrato mantuvo el mismo costo que la suscripción anterior, pero ahora los estudiantes tienen acceso a más recursos, incluidos archivos hasta el siglo diecinueve y recursos educacionales, especialmente para los estudiantes de periodismo. Aparte del New York Times, el programa de lectores de CSU les ofrece a los estudiantes copias impresas de The Denver Post, para proveer un periódico estatal, y del USA Today. “Este programa lleva diez años como mínimo, probablemente más tiempo”, dijo Vaishampayan. “Esas decisiones fueron tomadas

but cannot provide additional information at this time. “As the state’s leading agency on wildlife management, we are investigating reports regarding a scientific collection license,” Clay wrote. “Because that investigation is ongoing, we cannot comment at this time on the details of it. We hope to be able to to (sic.) release more information on that here soon once the investigation has been completed.” In response to the investigation and PETA’s claims, Ciaravola wrote that Ebel’s research aims to address major health concerns surrounding these viruses. “West Nile, Chikungunya and Zika viruses are all good examples of the general problem,” Ciaravola wrote. “These are major concerns for the health of us all. West Nile virus is unique because we can study key evolutionary processes in the actual mosquitoes and animals that influence it in nature, unlike viruses such as Zika that rely on people and nonhuman primates for transmission in nature. Chandna said, despite the investigation, PETA has not mischaracterized the University’s research and agrees with the basic fundamentals of Ebel’s work. She said the University and PETA agree that Ebel’s research is to gain a better understanding of how diseases like West Nile Viruses emerge. “He is doing academic experiments which again you know I have no problem with trying to get knowledge for the sake of knowledge,” Chandna said, “But when there’s a body count there’s a problem.” USDA was unable to be reached for comment. Laura Studley can be reached at


hace mucho tiempo, pero todavía apoyamos los tres periódicos elegidos”. Syron dijo que aprendieron su lección después de la destitución de Silva y realmente aprobaron la resolución en el senado. “Hubiéramos podido llevar a cabo esto aún más rápido si no hubiéramos tenido que aprobar la resolución, pero decidimos que lo correcto era asegurarse de que todos tuvieran una opinión”, dijo Syron. Syron dijo que mantenerse informado es importante, lo cual es la razón de que CSU proporcione estos diarios a los estudiantes, al profesorado y al personal. “Mientras educamos al futuro de los EE. UU., deberían saber de lo que hablan, y para poder hacer eso, deben tener acceso a los medios de comunicación”, dijo Syron. “Estás en una universidad de clase mundial; deberías comprender lo que está pasando en el mundo”. Hasta ahora, no se ha hablado de digitalizar The Denver Post o

el USA Today pero es una posibilidad. “Ahora, queremos ver cómo le va al New York Times”, dijo Vaishampayan. “Si el programa va bien, estoy convencido de que deberían pensar en hacer algo parecido”. Vaishampayan dijo que lo que único que tienen que hacer los estudiantes y el profesorado es ir a, elegir “Colorado State University” y registrarse con el correo electrónico escolar “”. Vaishampayan animó a todos a registrarse en la nueva suscripción. “Esto es uno de los beneficios que tienes hoy en día al ir a la universidad, obtener oportunidades como esta”, dijo Vaishampayan. “¿Cuántos jefes en el futuro te darán acceso al New York Times? Esto es una oportunidad que tienes al ser un estudiante universitario; acéptala.” Puede contactar con la reportera del Collegian Ceci Taylor en

Colorado schools increase lockdowns as students report more possible threats By Meg Wingerter & David Migoya The Denver Post

March 7, 2018, started as an ordinary day in Fruita, but it rapidly took a harrowing turn when parents received a call that their children’s schools were in lockdown. In the post-Columbine world, almost everyone knows the formula: locks, lights, out of sight. Try to make yourself as difficult to see — and shoot — as possible, in the hopes that a gunman will pass by a dark, silent room. One woman posted on Facebook that she had “heart palpitations” while she waited for news of her granddaughter, who was attending Fruita 8/9. Another said her “heart stopped” when she read that Fruita Monument High School was on lockdown. Fortunately, this incident ended as happily as it could have. Police determined there was no threat to any schools in Mesa County Valley School District. A student had seen someone with a gun a week before, then saw that person again and reported it. It’s an increasingly common scenario, not only in Mesa County, but across Colorado, as students raised in an era of mass shootings are attuned to any potential threat. “We have a lot of schools in residential neighborhoods, so we have a lot of people watching for us, and sometimes what they see is not what they think it is,” said

Emily Schockley, spokeswoman for Mesa County Valley School District. “Thankfully, it’s usually not as bad as you think it is. But you never know if the day is going to come when it’s as bad as you think it is.” Denver Post analysis of lockout and lockdown data compiled from the state’s 25 largest school districts shows it’s a rare week when students aren’t shuttered inside a building to protect them from a threat. Some districts provided up to five years of data, while some provided none. For the 18 school districts that provided The Post with at least two years of data, the number of reported lockouts — incidents where the doors were locked, but classes continued as normal — rose by 52 percent from the 2016-17 school year to the 2017-18 school year. Typically, they resulted from police activity in the area, but districts frequently kept students inside because bears or coyotes had wandered into the neighborhood. Lockdowns increased by 55 percent in that time for those districts, though they only accounted for about one of every seven incidents. In most cases, lockdowns were a response to a perceived threat inside a school. About 10 percent were because someone accidentally hit an alarm. The data is almost certainly an undercount, because many districts don’t track security incidents, but it does provide a small window into the experiences of Colorado students.

“It’s become as routine as fire drills,” said Melissa Craven, director of emergency management at Denver Public Schools, whose 220 lockouts last year were tops among all districts. “We don’t have many students that have started their academic career with us who aren’t used to lockdowns.” “I don’t know if that says anything good about our society,” she added. In some ways, however, lockdowns and lockouts are the tip of the iceberg. Many of the reports of potential threats to schools come when students aren’t in class, allowing police to quietly assess the situation and take action before kids return to school, campus security officers said. The number of reported threats through the state’s Safe2Tell program has more than tripled since 2015, when the program initiated a smartphone app that makes it even easier to alert authorities. An anonymous system makes it easier for students to share something that doesn’t feel right, even if they aren’t certain it represents a threat, Craven said. While much of what students report ultimately doesn’t point to a real threat, it’s better to have trained adults make that determination than to miss something, she said. “We vet everything to determine whether it’s credible, no matter how tiny,” she said. “If your gut tells you that it’s not right, report it.” Content pulled from Tribune News Service.


News | Wednesday, April 17, 2019


Rams Fail Forward encourages students to accept failure By Laura Studley @laurastudley_

Colorado State University’s Health Network is asking students to accept failure instead of fearing it with their initiative Rams Fail Forward. “Rams Fail Forward is our failure normalization and failure recovery public messaging,” said Viviane Ephraimson-Abt, manager of resiliency and well-being. “CSU really wanted to do something to break the common myth that failure means that we’re not succeeding. Often what happens on the path to success is that we have many mishaps that happen, failure that happens, learning experiences that happen and those are actually really useful for us.” Through the program, students can take a pledge that promises to embrace and work through their failure while engaging in self-care, trying new things without apprehension and discussing life’s hardships when they arise. Ephraimson-Abt said she hopes that people will not take the pledge just to take it, but that it creates a conversation

about failure normalization. “(Failure) is kind of inevitable sometimes,” said Gracie Adler, an undeclared freshman. “Everyone goes through it and goes through ups and downs but I feel like when you fail you really realize how much harder you have to work. It gives you a different perspective.” CSU is not the only University to decide that failure should be normalized. Bentley University, Stanford University and many others are supporting a variety of different programs to help students across the country, according to The Coloradoan. Students believe failure is something to be ashamed of, said Juan Rivas, a collegiate success coach for the Collaborative for Student Achievement. Conversations about failure are difficult to have with students because they don’t want to let their family down and don’t understand why they aren’t doing as well in a class or program as they want to be, he said. “Students tend to think they’re not good enough to take that class or they’re not good enough for the program,” Rivas said. “I think it’s helpful to have

someone to talk to about failure with. It really helps to understand what a setback stands for and that it’s not the end all be all for the student, it’s not the finale, it’s not the end.” Rams Fail Forward is an initiative to promote healing from failure, Ephraimson-Abt said. It is an attempt to allow students to not be as hard on themselves when they fail. “I think in academia we tend to have a lot of discords on how to be successful,” Ephraimson-Abt said. “We don’t have a lot of conversation around when things aren’t going well how do you actually recover from that, how do you deal with it, how do you face it and how can you learn from it, so it’s our attempt to balance that out.” Along with many other resources for academic concerns, financial needs and job resources, Rams Fail Forward encourages students to reach out to various mental health services if needed. The Jed Foundation, a non-profit organization that exists to protect emotional health and prevent suicide for teens and young adults, is one resource listed by CSU for college students struggling with

Colorado State University is not the only University to decide that failure should be normalized. Bentley University, Stanford University and many others are supporting a variety of different programs to help students across the country. PHOTO ILLUSTRATION BY COLIN SHEPHERD COLLEGIAN

the emotional distress that may be caused by failure. “Everyone experiences failure at some point- it’s a normal part of life,” said Nance Roy, chief clinical officer working alongside JED in an email to The Collegian. “The key is to develop healthy ways of coping with failure and tolerating the

sometimes uncomfortable feelings that come with it. We often learn more from our failures than we do from our successes. Allowing oneself to fail, getting through it, and coming out in the other side makes us stronger and more resilient in the long run.” Laura Studley can be reached at

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Opinion | Wednesday, April 17, 2019


Students need to recognize and understand rape culture Shay Rego @shay_rego

Editor’s Note: The views expressed in the following column are those of the writer only and do not necessarily represent the views of The Collegian or its editorial board. In continuation of Sexual Assault Awareness Month, we must think of all the ways our everyday interactions can have an effect on awareness and respectfulness towards others. We must discuss rape culture. Rape culture is extremely prevalent especially on college campuses. Being in college, many of us are naive, hypersexual and easily influenced by our peers. It’s

important to recognize and understand rape culture now to avoid following it into adulthood. There are many various acts that can contribute to rape culture and we may not fully be aware of it. Many people do not even believe rape culture exists, so it’s important to bring its reality to light and educate others on how to not add to this toxic behaviors. Rape culture is defined by Marshall University as an environment in which rape is prevalent and in which sexual violence is normalized and excused in the media and pop culture. Rape culture could be things like defining womanhood as submissive, pressuring your friends to get laid. One example of perpetuating rape culture is telling rape jokes. A lot of people in society tell rape jokes for a laugh at someone else’s expense. People seem to take the word rape too lightly. According to a survey conducted by OnePoll on people between the ages of 18 and 24, 23 percent of them had heard a rape joke and 41 percent admitted that they had made a rape joke. From personal experience, I



can say that I have overheard conversations blatantly about rape, none of which were conducive but merely triggering. Imagine a scene of boys sitting at a table in the Lory Student Center, loudly talking, having a conversation in public that goes something like, “Have you guys ever heard of Albert Fish? Yeah dude, he was a serial rapists hahahaha seriously! Raped kids from every state! Hahaha right dude how messed up.” Light-hearted statements about rape are incredibly insensitive. Joking about rape or even mentioning rape, in general, could potentially trigger someone into a state of discomfort, panic attack or worse. It can even make victims feel as if their being raped is all some big joke. Everyone’s situational awareness needs to be adjusted because there are so many more victims and survivors everywhere than most people realize. About 1 in every 6 women and 1 in every 33 men are victims of sexual assault. You never know who around you could be affected by the things you say or do. Rape culture is defined as an

environment in which rape is prevalent and in which sexual violence is normalized and excused in the media and pop culture according to MArshall University

“Rape culture is defined as an environment in which rape is prevalent and in which sexual violence is normalized and excused in the media and pop culture according to Marshall University.” Another huge proponent in rape culture is victim blaming. Some people in society believe that it the individual’s job to “be careful to not get raped”, rather than teaching people to not rape. 100 percent of rapes are caused by rapists. No, of crouse a sign saying “don’t rape” isn’t going to stop rapists. However, taking all the re-

sponsibility off of the individual to not get raped helps to equalize the voices. A person shouldn’t have to ever feel like what happened to them was their fault because society told them not to wear a skirt or not to drink to excess. More examples of rape culture include making excuses. Any excuse to justify the action of sexual assault contributes to rape culture by trying to say that it is not an act of violence. People try to justify rape by saying things like, “Well, we are married” or “Dude, she was all over me before she passed out.” Making excuses does not change the situation. Anything that is not a firm “Yes” is a firm “No.” Consent is extremely important. Rape culture is a danger to our society. Believing in rape culture leads to things like victim blaming, negative treatment towards victims, inflating false rape reports and toxic masculinity. Please, be supportive and sensitive of those around. Do not add to rape culture. Every little action could help end suffering. Shay Rego can be reached at


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Opinion | Wednesday, April 17, 2019


Ableism in media: who can play disabled roles? Hollywood has recently received backlash for casting actors for roles that don’t align with the characters’ identity, sexuality or ability. This controversy has led to two of our columnists debating the question: Is it okay for able-bodied actors to play disabled roles?

Able-bodied actors can play disabled roles Ethan Vassar @ethan_vassar

Editor’s Note: All opinion section content reflects the views of the individual author only and does not represent a stance taken by The Collegian or its editorial board. The film industry has recently received a lot of flack for casting characters belonging to or identifying with some minority group. Facing backlash from transgender actors, Scarlett Johansson withdrew from a role as a transgender man in a film that is now cancelled. When it was announced that Emily Blunt would star as blind and deaf author Rebecca Alexander in a biopic, she was met with similar backlash. This movement to only cast actors that are members of a group or culture shared by the character they are auditioning for needs to end. Acting will always involve pretending and there should not be a limit nor an extent to the make believe.

“Limiting casting solely to actors who identify with a group congruent with the role is foolish and misunderstands acting as a profession.” Limiting casting solely to actors who identify with a group congruent with the role is foolish and misunderstands acting as a profession. Acting is an occupation, and just like any other job, the role should go to the person that’s most qualified. Usually, the most experienced and skilled candidate that aligns with a company’s vision or mission statement gets the job. This should extend to the acting profession and Hollywood as a whole. To suggest that disabled roles should be exclusively played by disabled actors also implies a glass ceiling that isn’t there. Actors with disabilities are not struggling to find work, and there are plenty of beloved actors with disabilities. Both Anthony Hopkins and Dan Aykroyd

Disabled roles should be played by actors with disabilities

have Asperger’s syndrome. Daniel Rory Radcliffe suffers from dyspraxia, a disability that makes motor tasks Plunkett more challenging. If these disabled actors can act in @jericho_wav able-bodied roles, then able-bodied actors can take on disabled roles. Blunt’s career provides an Editor’s Note: All opinion section content interesting case study into the reflects the views of the individual author hypocrisy of the disabled community. only and does not represent a stance Blunt’s roles as an actress range from taken by The Collegian or its editorial a divorced alcoholic in “The Girl board. on the Train” to a badass soldier in Hollywood and the media have “Edge of Tomorrow.” If society is fine never granted people with disabilities with Blunt never having attended an the same right to self-representation AA meeting nor having onscreen that we demand served in the military, for other groups who taking on these roles ABLE ACTORS WHO struggle for social equality. then the same license Disabled roles should should extent to her PLAYED DISABLED only be for disabled portrayal of Rebecca CHARACTERS performers, just like black Alexander. roles should only be for My colleague Rory ■ Tom Hanks black people, and not a Plunkett argues that ■ Jamie Fox person in black-face. able-bodied actors People without taking on disabled roles ■ Eddie Redmayne disabilities do not have is akin to blackface and ■ Daniel Day-Lewis any business acting as should be considered disabled characters. just as offensive. ■ Leonardo DiCaprio Lucy Rodgers However, being disabled ■ Jodie Foster from BBC News says is not a race, merely that having disabled a characteristic or an ■ Holly Hunter characters is often a way aspect of a person, so it ■ Jack Nicholson to get nominated for shouldn’t be considered awards. Daniel Day Lewis nearly as offensive. won an Oscar for his role Blackface was primarily as Christy Brown, an Irish used to represent a caricature of an writer who was born with cerebral entire culture and is exceedingly palsy. Dustin Hoffman won best actor racist. Able-bodied actors who take for his portrayal in Rain Man. on disabled roles do not have such Disabled actors are having their intentions. Blackface was used to opportunities for telling their own mock and degrade Black Americans, stories restricted because able-bodied something the casting of able-bodied people are being cast instead. actors does not come anywhere close Breaking Bad star RJ Mitte, who to doing for the disabled. has cerebral palsy, said: “There’s always The disabled community uses someone better looking or with a better the term “cripping up” to refer to disability,” when it comes to securing a an able-bodied person who puts on job in acting industry. the role of a disabled individual. The Actors with disabilities are often not rest of society would refer to this even given the chance to audition for as “acting,” and it is time that the a role over people without disabilities. disabled community joins the rest of Adam Pearson, an actor, was not even the world in this definition. given an audition for the role of Joseph At the end of the day, most of this Merrick in the remake of The Elephant fuss is over a make-believe stories man, even though Pearson has the exact with make-believe characters that same condition that Merrick suffered exist in a make-believe world. There from. When non-disabled actors is a certain suspension of disbelief play roles of people with disabilities, that one must have when watching a it restricts the opportunities and movie, and that extends to the actors self-representation that people with and their performance. disabilities have the right to perform. Ethan Vassar can be reached at White people putting on black face was once accepted, and is now rightly considered horrendously offensive. It was not only extremely disrespectful,

but the actors in black face only mimicked stereotypes that were prescribed onto black people. The same thing happens today when able-bodied actors are the only ones playing people with disabilities. People without disabilities can only act so well. They will never be able to fully portray the true story of a person with disabilities. It only makes logical sense that a role of an autistic man should be played by an autistic man, or a role of a women who uses a wheelchair should be played by a women who uses a wheelchair. My colleague Ethan Vassar is not considering the right to selfrepresentation that people with disabilities deserve, and the logic of casting for a disabled role. Vassar argues that the job should go to the most qualified person, and I agree. Although Dustin Hoffman is a great actor, how did the movie Rain Man affect people with Autism Spectrum Disorder?

“Disabled actors are having their opportunities for telling their own stories restricted because able-bodied people are being cast instead.” Chris Bonnello, autism advocate of Autistic Not Weird, who has Asperger’s syndrome said: “Many say that Rain Man is now damaging to autism awareness, and I see their point.” The movie Rain Man gave its audience the unrealistic expectation that all people with autism are some kind of savant, which is not true at all. When you think about it, how can anyone without disabilities know what an accurate portrayal of a person with disabilities looks like when they have never experienced that life? Just like a white person can’t fully comprehend the experience of a person of color; how a straight person can’t know what a member of the LGBTQ community’s experience is like, or how a man can’t know what a woman’s life is like. You can’t genuinely tell a story if it isn’t your own. The most qualified person for a role of a person with disabilities should be an actor who has that disability. Rory Plunkett can be reached at





Model: Hayden Cole


Do you ever just wander through a second-hand store aimlessly, rummaging through old and unstylish items wondering why you can’t find the gems that everyone else does? It’s a common occurrence and can be the reason people give up on thrifting all together. However, it doesn’t have to be that way. Thrifting is a great way to save money on highquality items and level up your wardrobe with great finds. With a few simple strategies, you’ll be a pro-thrifter in no time. STEP 1: DISCOVER THE BEST THRIFT STORES IN YOUR AREA Location matters when deciding which thrift store to go to. Thrift stores in the better and more

happening parts of town are typically where you’ll find the best items. Check out a few and get the lay of the land. STEP 2: ASK YOUR THRIFT STORE WHEN THEY RESTOCK Once you find a store you like, contact them and ask when they restock their items. This way, you’ll beat the crowds and be the first to see the stuff you want. You can also ask about the different special sales they offer and when. STEP 3: MAKE A PLAN Make a list of the pieces you are looking for before stepping into the store. This will relieve the hopelessness of wandering through racks of clothing and not knowing what you want. You can also ask employees in the store if

they have a good selection of the items on your list. STEP 4: CHECK CLOTHING CAREFULLY BEFORE PURCHASING, make sure to carefully inspect your items. Not everything offered in a thrift store will be in great condition. Check for loose threading, stains, rips, missing buttons, and other potential issues. This will ensure that you are happy with your purchases and won’t have future problems with your clothes. STEP 5: DON’T GIVE UP! Keep in mind that not every trip to the thrift store will be a successful one. The first few trips you will most likely leave with nothing. Thrifting takes perseverance and good finds can take time!








10 |

Sports | Wednesday, April 17, 2019


Softball heads to Nevada hunting another series win against Wolf Pack By Junior Guerrero @juniorg45

Coming off a victorious mustwin series against conference foe University of Nevada, Las Vegas, the Rams head to Nevada to duke it out with the University of Nevada, Reno Wolf Pack. This is an important series for both teams as the Rams aim to keep their first-place position in the Mountain West, while the Wolf Pack looks to get back into contention. The Wolf Pack sits on a 22-16 overall and 7-5 conference record. Although the Wolf Pack has lost four of their last five games, they are hungry and prepared to defend their home field. This three-game series will take place starting April 18 at 5 p.m., then April 19 at 2 p.m. and will conclude April 20 at 1 p.m. This unusual Thursday, Friday, Saturday schedule is due to Easter Sunday, on which no games will take place. In order to be successful, the Rams will need to stay focused and not overlook the Wolf Pack. Nevada is average in almost all statistical categories in the Mountain West, but they will give the Rams a tough fight. The Rams are the best hitting team in the Mountain West Conference. They have seven players with batting averages over .300. This is an impressive feat that will give the Rams the advantage in this series. The Rams took home honors once again this week. Junior Amber Nelson is the latest Ram to earn

Mountain West Player of the Week. This honor was fueled by Nelson’s amazing play over the weekend against UNLV. This is Nelson’s second time earning this award as well as the team’s sixth of the season. For the first time in almost 21 years, Colorado State softball has cracked the Top 25 in this week’s USA Today/NFCA Top 25 poll, coming in at No. 25. The last time the Rams were ranked in the Top 25 was March 4, 1998. Back then, they reached No. 23, and this year the team hopes to top that.

MOVING UP IN THE RANKS ■ For the first time in almost 21

years, Colorado State softball has cracked the Top 25 in this week’s USA Today/NFCA Top 25 poll, coming in at No. 25. The 1998 team finished the season with a 37-15 overall and a 13-7 Mountain West record, which was good enough for second. This was also the last Colorado State team to reach the NCAA Tournament, where they played against the University of Arizona and California State University, Northridge. This year, the Rams have a 31-6 overall record with 11 games remaining. In reality, the Rams have a great chance to finish the season with a better record than the 1998 squad. Only time will tell if they can beat their own record. Junior Guerrero can be reached at

Haley Donaldson waits for a pitch at the plate during the Rams’ game against San Jose State. The Rams have an upcoming weekend series against San Diego State. PHOTO BY ASHLEY POTTS COLLEGIAN


Amber Nelson earns her second Mountain West Player of the Week honors By Junior Guerrero @juniorg45

Amber Nelson is currently on a hitting tear. She played a huge role in the Rams’ weekend series victory over the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, and her stellar performance earned her Mountain West Player of the Week honors for the second time this season. The Rams were in need of a big performance due to the magnitude of the series. Both teams were chasing the top spot in the Mountain West Conference, and Amber Nelson helped the Rams keep their position in first place. She finished the weekend 6-of9 with three doubles and three total runs scored. It’s safe to say that Nelson was doing a little bit of everything for the Rams. She posted a .667 batting average and a whopping .727 on base percentage. Although the Rams failed to win the first game of the series to the Rebels, Nelson posted two hits that included a double, and she also

came around to score. On Saturday, Nelson picked up right where she left off, adding three more hits to her weekend total. During the third inning of this contest, Nelson suffered an apparent ankle injury while sliding home. The opposing catcher blocked the plate, and Nelson jammed her leg. She got up and limped back to the dugout, but that didn’t stop her from securing the game for the Rams. During her next at-bat, Nelson hit the go ahead home run, and the crowd went wild. In the final contest on Sunday, Nelson drove in the first run to set the tone of the game for the Rams. They went on to win the series and keep their spot in first atop the Mountain West. Clutch players came up big in the most crucial moments, and that’s exactly what Nelson did. Nelson leads the team with a .421 batting average on the season, and the Rams will rely on her for the remainder of their games. Junior Guerrero can be reached at


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IN STORE EVENT ON 420 Amber Nelson was named Mountain West Player of the Week for the second time this season. PHOTO BY ASHLEY POTTS COLLEGIAN



The Rocky Mountain Collegian | Wednesday, April 17, 2019

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12 |

Arts & Culture | Wednesday, April 17, 2019


‘Letter from Masanjia’ sends message about Chinese oppression By Graham Shapley @shapleygraham

The ACT Human Rights Film Festival presents many viewpoints that are not typically heard. It also shines a light on victims of human rights abuses. It’s rare, however, that the subjects of these documentaries are actually the ones filming them. This is part of what makes “Letter from Masanjia” interesting. The director of the film, Leon Lee, was unable to travel

to China due to his previous status as a human rights advocate. As a result, he decided to reach out to the actual writer of the titular letter, Sun Yi. Yi was imprisoned at the Masanjia labor camp for 2 1/2 years during which he was pressed into labor creating cheap Halloween decorations. In that time, he smuggled approximately 20 written letters into the decorations. Julie Keith, a mother in Oregon, found one of the letters, which later sparked media outrage. Yi had an interest in sharing his story, so he collaborated with Lee to explain what happened and what Chinese imprisonment is like. Yi was a follower of Falun Gong, a religious and spiritual movement in China that the Communist Party

outlawed for being too widespread and a potential threat to their power. Yi was imprisoned in the Masanjia labor camp, infamous for its harsh reeducation tactics. Because filming inside the camp is impossible, this portion of the story is expressed through animation, showing the harsh treatment and outright torture that Yi and his fellow prisoners underwent. In order to explain his story, Yi decided to film it himself and send his raw footage to Lee in heavily encrypted hard drives through the mail. About halfway through the movie, Yi’s retelling of his story is complete, and he seems to be on his way to a happy ending. He reconnects with his wife and plans on leaving China as soon

as he can, but the Chinese government continues to harass him. This is where the movie’s filming process becomes part of the documentary itself. If it’s discovered that he’s essentially writing an exposé, he’d be endangering both himself and his family.

“In the end, justice will prevail over evil.” SUN YI WRITER OF LETTERS

“Letter to Masanjia” becomes something truly special in its second half. It’s tense, and there’s no way of knowing where the story is going to go, because it is being written as it

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is being filmed. The continuing torment from the Chinese government is even more alarming than the film’s earlier depiction of Yi’s forced labor. It shows that although he is not imprisoned, Yi will never be free under Chinese scrutiny. The government’s actions are horrifying and truly have to be heard to be believed. Interviews with former guards who used to torture Yi are in the film. Yi’s wife, Fu Ning, shares the torment she also endured as a result of his imprisonment. Unfortunately, there is no hard conclusion to the film, but it does end on a message of hope from Yi. “In the end, justice will prevail over evil,” Yi said. Graham Shapley can be reached at

| 13

Arts & Culture | Wednesday, April 17, 2019


‘Eldorado’ reveals that refugee stories don’t end when they reach shore By Graham Shapley @shapleygraham

The ACT Human Rights Film Festival’s acronym contains their mission statement: to awaken, connect and transform. Awaken viewers to human rights violations, make connections through human faces and transform the discussion that surrounds human rights violations in a way that will hopefully bring about positive change. “Eldorado,” directed by Markus Imhoof, seeks to awaken its audience to an angle of the European refugee crisis

that is rarely paid attention to: what happens when refugees actually arrive? Traditionally, the narrative about refugees who set out from the Middle East and African nations is about how they actually travel. They pile onto boats and set off into the Mediterranean, floating adrift until they are eventually picked up, at which point they’re brought to the mainland and are allowed to apply for refugee status. This process is not without its problems. The Dublin Regulation, as explained in the film, means that once a refugee is taken in by one country and begins their asylum application — starting as early as when their fingerprints are taken — that country is responsible for them. The individual is unable to apply for asylum in another country, whether they have connections there or not. This means that where refugees come ashore is where

they’re forced to stay, regardless of personal preference. The documentary focuses on Italy, which is a central figure in this discussion as one of the major locations where refugees wind up.

“The rules are not made by the countries with the beaches.” ELDORADO , 2018 DIRECTED BY MARKUS IMHOOF

The film draws attention to the fact that under this regulation, European countries who do not have a coastline on the Mediterranean are not required to process refugees in the same way as those who are. This isn’t even to mention that while refugees are wait-

ing for their applications to be processed, they are denied the ability to work for money and as result, their ability to act independently. If they have to work, they may wind up in the clutches of criminal enterprises — the Italian Mafia is specifically namechecked — to be used as illegal physical laborers or prostitutes in order to support themselves. Documentarian Markus Imhoof relates the crisis to his own experience with refugees during World War II. In his home in Switzerland, his family took in a girl who had left Italy by the name of Giovanna. Imhoof and Giovanna built up a friendship and exchanged letters and drawings in the years after she was forced to return home, eventually ending with her death. Stories of refugees in past and present are intertwined, with Imhoof’s letters providing the unique voice of a girl who

has a heartfelt and bittersweet perspective on the dehumanizing nature of being a refugee. The letters provide an insight that changes the way that the modern crisis is thought of. “Eldorado” takes its name from the legendary city of gold which promised riches to those explorers who could find it. The truth is, casting the asylum seekers as explorers is more appropriate than it may seem. The “city of gold” likely never existed in the way that it’s popularly portrayed. “You must risk your life to get into paradise,” said one migrant in the documentary. Although the process of taking in asylum seekers is good, it’s important to remember that the story doesn’t end when they reach land. Refugees still face hardships for years to come and may never truly reach El Dorado. Graham Shapley can be reached at


THE FORGE PUBLICK HOUSE is hosting Fort Ceol at 7 p.m. For an evening of foot-stomping, live Irish music, Fort Ceol are featuring fiddle, guitar, banjo, flute, Irish drumming and more, in their blend of modern elements intertwined with traditional conventions and raw sound. WASHINGTON’S is hosting The Band Perry and Dream Chief 7 p.m. Country pop sibling trio The Band Perry have a unique pop take on old school country roots with the use of kicking guitar riffs, mandolin and other string synchronization and vocals that range from soothing and smooth to high, flying, and driving the narrative.


THE ARMORY is hosting Joan Osborne and Shaley Scott at 7 p.m. Osborne's talents have made her a sought-after guest performer. She joined forces with the surviving members of the Grateful Dead when they regrouped to tour in 2003 as The Dead and produced two albums for the great blues trio the Holmes Brothers. Tonight, Osborn will be singing songs from Bob Dylan.

THE MOXI THEATER is hosting Texas Hippie Coalition at 8 p.m. American heavy metal band Texas Hippie Coalition have crafted a unique and raucous brand of music that’s born of both life experience and homage to their early rock n’ roll influences. Falling under the subcategory, red dirt metal, their sound melds outlaw country and classic rock.

FRIDAY, 4/19/19

MAGIC RAT is hosting Heavy Diamond Ring at 8 p.m. Founding members of the indie-rock band Paper Bird, Heavy Diamond Ring pulls inspiration from early folk rock and their own heartfelt lyrics pulled from within. Their expansive sound can put a smile on your face, and take you on every step of their emotional music journey. NEW BELGIUM BREWERY is hosting Shovelin Stone at 5:30 p.m. With roots embedded in the Colorado Rocky Mountains and a sound unhinged in the capital of Texas, Shovelin Stone is a music almost as unique as the close bond and level of musicianship seen on stage. Within heartfelt lyrics and a unique musical composition, the folk sound that projects from these two is not only going to get the audience thinking but on their feet.

SATURDAY, 4/19/19

THE MISHAWAKA is hosting Woolawaka 2 featuring Wooleye and AJ Fullerton at 8 p.m. WoolEye is an eclectic group of musicians. With influences in jazz, rock, jam, funk etc. Founded in 2005 the band has played hundreds of shows across the country with music that takes you on a journey through a plethora of sounds containing a unique but familiar groove. The group is known for its powerful funky jams, coupled with lyrics that are thought provoking. THE COLORADO ROOM is hosting The Budding Artists’ Collective at 4:30 p.m. The Budding Artists' Collective is home to 10 Fort Collins local artists and 3 live bands and will be playing into the night with the goal of boosting community activity, creating a fun, safe atmosphere and celebrating local businesses. Artists returning this year are One Flaw Beading, CU29 Creations, StreetAsh, Red Bird Naturals and Scatterbrained Productions.

14 |

Arts & Culture | Wednesday, April 17, 2019


Show Me the Body explodes on ‘Dog Whistle’ By Miles Parish @parrishm20

The New York City band known for blending hardcore punk with hip-hop and banjos, Show Me the Body, released their third project, “Dog Whistle” on all platforms March 29. This follows their “Corpus I” mixtape, which released in 2017. With this release, the band continues to explore different corners of hardcore sound as they add their own elements to it. “Corpus I” as well as the previous album, “Body War,” explored very differing sounds. “Body War” showed the band’s take on mixing the more conventional punk sound of heavy guitars and crushing drums with hip-hop elements in the delivery of front man Julian Cashwan Pratt with the addition of the band’s signature banjo riffs. “Corpus I” saw a much more hip-hop sound at its core combined with more experimental, electronic instrumentals that feature multiple rap artists such as Denzel Curry. Going into “Dog Whistle,” I was curious to see if Show Me the Body would build upon the sound of one of their previous projects or continue to explore new lanes. “Dog Whistle” is an extremely raw blend of the two, and is captivating in how frightening it is. The band strays a bit more away from the elements of hip-hop that

they’ve explored in the past, but the combination of the raw, punk sound of “Body War” and the experimental electronic elements of “Corpus I” are a welcome pair. The album starts off bleak with the opening track, “Camp Orchestra.” The song builds slowly until it finally erupts with Pratt firing off broken, pained lyrics about his views on the music industry. “I am a doll upon a string. They pull it, I have to sing. No work will set you free.” In these lines, Pratt comes to grips that his work as a musician does not free him of the cycles of a more conventional occupation that he once thought he could abandon through music. “Badge Grabber” is a morbid tale of someone aiming to redeem themselves by becoming a police officer. The song features heavy-hitting, distorted guitar riffs over crackling drums as Pratt tells the “badge grabber” what he’s capable of. “Become no one. You can kill anyone.” On this track, Pratt seems to take the role of the Devil on the shoulder of the song’s subject matter as he encourages the badge grabber to take up a role in society that Pratt sees as no more than a servant to an entity that will give nothing back to them. The album keeps these dreary and abrasive themes alive throughout the rest of its play time. “Arcanum” details Julian’s coping with a world that seems to be at complete odds with him. “Up late in the city that’s an enemy. Visions come awake, the lies and piss inside of me. I hate ‘em, there’s no love in this world for me. Arcanum, the only card I wanna see.” Julian’s lyrics are paired with a somber banjo in the background, as the song slowly

builds to its culmination of an instrumental that carries about the same level of uncertainty that we see in Julian’s lyrics. The album closes with “USA Lullaby,” which does about the exact opposite of what a typical lullaby is known for. Instead of a soft, slow track that eases the listener out of the album, “USA Lullaby” is arguably more grinding and abrasive than any other song on the album. The whole track is heavily distorted as Pratt yells through the confusion for the listener to push past the standards and depriving cycles of their community and fight for their future. “Lullaby, baby don’t say a word. You gotta live beyond what you see. Urban zone, no more homes. Fight to break carceral continuum.” “Dog Whistle” is an album that encapsulates the struggles of Show Me the Body’s home in New York City. The band approaches these struggles with a sound that is a reflection of the predicaments they find themselves in. Julian Pratt’s fragmented, desolate lyricism serve as essential cracks in that mirror that show just how worn that spirit is.

OVERALL 7.5/10 ■ Favorite tracks:

“Badge Grabber,” “Drought,” “Now I Know” ■ Least favorite track: “Forks and Knives”

To get the advantage, check the day’s rating: 10 is the easiest day, 0 the most challenging. ARIES (March 21-April 19) — 8 —

Accept or offer assistance. More hands make lighter work. Have patience with misunderstandings. Work out a structural challenge together. TAURUS (April 20-May 20) — 8 — The next two days could get busy. Get farther with physical action instead of words. Healthy practices strengthen and energize you. GEMINI (May 21-June 20) — 8 — Talk is cheap. Show your heart by doing or providing something another has long wanted. Actions

taken now have long-lasting benefit. CANCER (June 21-July 22) — 7 — Authorize improvements at home. Make repairs and upgrades. Resolve miscommunications before proceeding. Once the plan is clear, physical actions get great results. LEO (July 23-Aug. 22) — 7 — Dig deeper into a favorite subject. Read and study. Write your perspective. Edit, broadcast and publish. Energize a creative project. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22) — 8 — The next few days could get profitable. Make a lucrative move. Action goes farther than talk. Invite others to help out. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22) — 9 — Advance your personal agenda. Try a new style or look. Polish your image. Avoid controversy or gossip. Misunderstandings spark easily. Take time for yourself. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21) — 5 — Your imagination goes wild. You can get productive behind closed doors. Beware of contradictions or

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Nancy Black (04/17/19). Success arises through exploration and investigation this year. Build your professional dreams one step at a time. Win some unexpected silver. Summer domestic renovation leads to a new professional phase.


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Daily Horoscope TODAY’S BIRTHDAY

Pikes Peak

trite solutions. Ignore hyperbole and lies. Research and plan your moves. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21) — 8 — Connect with friends. Show up for your team. Actions speak louder than words. Put your back into a group project. Celebrate your advances together. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19) — 8 — Tackle a professional challenge. Make your move. You can find what you need. Postpone a discussion. Action gets results. Words can spin or tangle. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18) — 7 — Explore and expand your understanding. Check reservations, and leave plenty of time to make connections. Slow for barriers or obstacles. Do the homework before launching. PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20) — 7 — Handle administrative and financial organization. File and organize paperwork. Keep insurance and bank policies updated. Deal with taxes. This provides peace of mind. 970-491-1683



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Wednesday, April 17, 2019

| 15

To solve the Sudoku puzzle, each row, column and box must contain the numbers 1 to 9.


Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle 29 Dadaist Max 30 Bit of a tail flip 34 Boxer Spinks 35 Legato’s opposite, in mus. Rocky Mt. Collegian 4/16/19 Sudoku 36 Hand-on-the-Bible promise 39 Vanilla containers 40 Leave dumbstruck 41 Drops off 44 Paintings on wet plaster To solve the Sudoku puzzle, each row, column and 47 Salad green box must49 contain theslowly numbers 1 to 9. Go very 50 Go on foot 51 “Slow down!” 52 Rio Grande tributary 53 On the double 54 10% donation 57 Steady guy 58 Places for patches 60 Yoga aftereffect, perhaps 61 Carson predecessor 62 Little scurriers 64 Rd. efficiency stat 65 Engine need

Across 1 Another name for hopscotch 6 Naysayer 10 West Coast salmon 14 Curly-tailed guard dog 15 Brought into being 16 Intl. oil group 17 Develop hives 20 Golden years group 21 Wedding invite request 22 Wedding vow word 23 Tablecloth material 25 Snake, periodically 26 Part with a gesture 31 Red __ 32 Inexperienced, as a recruit 33 “I should add ... “ 37 Easter beginning? 38 Glittery bit on a dress 42 Uber info 43 Like Tommy, in the rock opera 45 “That hurt!” cries 46 Swell up 48 Be a second-stringer 52 Eucharist plates 55 Hops-drying oven 56 Protestant denom. 57 Close buds 59 Spanish hors d’oeuvre 63 2002 Spielberg film ... and a hint to the start of 17-, 26- and 48-Across

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16 Wednesday, April 17, 2019 | The Rocky Mountain Collegian

Profile for Rocky Mountain Collegian

Vol. 128, No. 121 Wednesday, April 17, 2019  

Vol. 128, No. 121 Wednesday, April 17, 2019