Ripon Forum Winter 2005

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Note From the Executive Director

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The Permanent Republican Majority - by Richard S. Kessle r Personnel Strategy for the Second Term - by Les T. Csorba Why the Democrats Lost . by Ro bert S,acy M cC a in

COVER STORY 10 12 14 17

Bush's Mandate . by Donald Lam bro Sex, Lies and the Democrats · by Palrick M. Garry Condi Rice: An American Triumph - by Grace VlImo Karl Rove: The Architect - by Ste p hen E M anfredi

INTERVIEW 18 The Upcoming Republican Agenda - Inrerview with Senate M ajorit }' Le;ld er Bill Frisl

CAPITOL FORUM 20 21 22 23

Saving Social Security - by Rep. M ark Foley The Great Civilizer - by Sell . C huck Grassley Increasing Our Oil Supply - by Rep. Joe BaHa n Republican History Lights the Way - by Rep. Tom Pet ri

PUBLIC POLICY 24 The Growing Hispanic Vote . by Rep. I1cana Ros-Ld u illcl1 25 Why I Left the Democrats - by Joh n Ma rino 26 Make Use of Prison Labor - by Robert D. Alki nso n

FOREIGN AFFAIRS 27 Angry Canucks ~ by Rachel K. Ayers! 29 After Arafat - by Frede rick Kr:lI1 'L


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Note From The Executive Director



n behalf of Thr Ripon I welcome President Gl'Orge W. Bush to his second term of office over our fuir land. Likl>\yise, Ripon is pleased 10 announce the swearing in of the 109,h

Congress. We arc hopeful Iha l these forthcoming yean; will Ix marked by cfficicllI compro-

mise and forward progres5. When asked if he would r.nher be Achilles or 1-I0111er, ancient Athenian soldier and smtesman, Themislocles. responded rhetorically: ~Which would you r:lIhcr be - a cO Il(]UefOr in the Olympic gamcs. or Ihe c rier that proclaims we arc conq u erors~- 71}( Ripon Forum 51aff is fur from Olym pian . hut we arc very pleased to proclaim our extremely accurate 2004 election predict ions - kudos



issue contribulOrs Donald L1lTlbro, John Hood. Stephen F. Manfrc(li, :tnd Rep. Tom Reynolds (R-NY) for their educated wagers. To review our picks, read previous issuc.~ of U,r Forum ~t And . for a POSt-electio n renosp"'Ctive, enjoy Uni versity of SOUlh Dakom bw professor Patrick Garry's piccc on why the Democrats lost in November and their party's current state of crisis. Three artides with particular relevance [0 Ripol/ gr.tce this issue. First, Rep. Tom Petri (R-WI). whose district encompasses the birthplace of Iht' GOP in Ripo n. \Visconsin, offers his support of tlit' party's enduring principles first SCt fort h in 1854. Second, Energy and Commerce Commi m 'C C hai rman Joc Barton (R-TX) discusses the lK'Cd 10 0l)('n the Arclic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) for domestic oi l drilli ng. Yes, conscn'arion of natural resources is a Ripon llallmark. But. this relatively small d rilling project. which will bear millions of gallons of horne-grown oil if managed correctl}', will provide for do mcstic l'nergy rescrves while having 1l1inimal impaci on rhe environment. JUSt ask the burgoonillg elk alld moose populations one sees huddled around the warm Trans-AIa~kan Pipcline. Disagree? Visit independent surveyors at www.tapseis.anl. gO\'. Third. C uban-born Rep. lleana Ros-Lehtinen (R. FL) discusses harnessing the emergi ng power of the Hispanic vow in our coun try. B}' casting 8 percent of the \'OtCS in the 2004 election. Hispanics ranked sirongly bcrween the African-A111cric.Ul (11%) and Asian-American (2%) voting populace. Both Africa n-Amcrican ami Hispanic voters incTl-:t~cJ numbers by orle percell{ over 2000. Growing our parry's divcrsity through education:11 efforts :u ~ n cI'en mster


is a m~ndate for

Ripo/l. Thus, the first in our four p~rt series caUed "Wh}' I'm a Republican" dehuts in this isslle. Four regular people from four different ct hnic backgrounds h:lve been asked to sha re their reasons for associating with the GO P ill an cOOrt to demonstr:lIc tht' rarely rcportc<1 (:111<1 r:lpidly growing) diversity of our party. Pan One; an Italian -American gcm lem:111 dlTllllidcs his conversion fro nl labor union Democrat to pro-business Repllblic lI1 . An exci ting vision for Tbe Ripo" Socitly is begin ni ng to come to light. During 2005 we arc dctermined to continue 10 grow our general lTlt:mbership throughout the United Sra.tes. So often we find thai r<:gular Jx:o ple ident'ify with our consef\'ati\'c fiscli politics and our moderatc social agenda. In mct, it's truly the only area for pOlcllliaJ growlil within our party - the Right has a lock on the Republican \'ote. and likewise. the Dc-mocrats control the Left. The modcratc middle is Ihe home of 71)1' Ripon Surifry, and the hope for the GO P's contin ued growth. u:ts incf('ase tile size and scope of our "Big Tl¡nt. ~ Become a member of 71Jr RiPOIl Socirry today at Best regards.

~1~ Executive Director




The Ripon Fl)mm ' Wimer 200S

The Permanent Republican Majority Only a 'Big Tent' party can control Congress By Richard S. Kessler


resid~nI Goorge W. 13usil's re-cleclion viclOry gi\'es RepubliClrlS a unique opporluniry 10 forge :l n:ltionailllajo r!Iy cO:llllion for decades to come. President Bush nOI only defe:m -d his Democratic challenger, Se nator John Kerry. bY:l dccisivl' I1I3rgin, bllt tile GOP widened their Ill:ljorities in the House and Scmllc. C learl y. lilt: Bush tcam, along widl Ihl' Rcpublil-a n Na lio nal Commiu('t:, mn a n cm."Cli vt, and highly d isciplined c:lmpaig n. Karl Rove, whom rhe Presidml has dubllL-d the Yarchilccl,M executed a brillia lll Slr:l Wgy aimed at \'Ole r lurnOlil. Also, Re publ ic-.m ca ndida tes returned 10 a n old-fa shioned "door-lo-door M style of c'lmp:lignillg, Ycr Rcpllhli can ~ need 10 make M ITe that th, victories 0( 2004 ::lre not simply the produc t of a on e- time, we ll-executed ground game, whidl is followed by a MICcession of dcfe:lls. This is wh)' Rcpublio ns need 10 undersrand the fund::lll1 elH::l1 rcason for their triumph in Now mber: T h('Y :lre the p:lrfy of the MBig Tenl. ~ President Bush won b), re::lching OUl (0 a broad r:l.Ilge of \'oters - corpOl':lte America. tmners. bl uecollar worh·rs. His panics. Jews. AfrionAmericans. urban eLhnics, suburb.mites :tnd sO-Gllled "sl'curit ), moms." AlThough much h:lS been ma(le in the ml'dia about thc imporrance of "moml \'alues" and the evangel ical C hristian vote in 2004, the fact is that the GOP could not h:l\'e wo n b), relying onl ~' o n one segmelll of the elector.lte, More importa ntly. t he Republic:m s onnOl hope to win future electiOnS, o r mailllain the ir g rip o n Congress. if the), become a single- inte ren p:lf!y. Moreove r, it is on I)' b), 1l1aintaining their broad coal ition can the GOP d cli\'er on Presidel1\ Bush's key initiatives for his secon(1 term . The President has proposed a sweeping agenda, such as Social Security refofm , o \'erhaul of the tax cod e and bringing de rn ocf:I CY 10 lr:tq. If imple melHed, these init i:ui ves will tl':l.nsfo rm dtJllI tilic r~olit iQ and the Middle Easl. [n order to :Ichieve these goals. however, PresidelU Busll will need the s uppOrt no t on I)' of m o<kr:lH:'~ in his p:m y. hut of

T hr Ripon Forum · Wimer 200,

"It is important for Republicans to remember that the party's greatness, going all the way back to Lincoln, lies in its openness and diversity. The GOP has become a national party precisely because it represents a broad array of regions, ideas and interests." cClll risr Democr:tts. Hence. he Clnnor and should not - we r tOO fJ. r to the Ri ght. An)' such move risks pola rizing the politica[ process. Pres idelll Hush would be wise to appeal 10 major Republicn n conSlituencies led by the likes of Califo rniJ Go\'. Arnold Schwarl.e /leggcr, Rud ), Giuliani and Senator John t-..fcC 1in. B)' gl':lvit3ting to tilt' po litical middle. the admin istra tio n will be ~ blc to ga rn t' r the nen'ssary VOI CS in Cong ress (es pC'(:ial1 y, in the Senate. where lcgisl:.Hio n often gels bottled -up ) fo r pri\'ate pension aCCO UIlIS and w me ki nd of simplificat ion of the lax cooe, The I'rcsidl' nt n e~:ds 10 conrinuc being bold. His po[itio [ ba~e may be on the COll serv:ltivc e nd of the ideological slx:crcum, but he needs 10 appe:tl to the majo rit), of the electorate, which is closer 10 the cenTer. Voters have give n President Bush and his parry a scron g ma ndate beC:l use they want , .md full y ex pect, pl':l.gmatic solutio ns o n key issucs affecting their lives. Polls consisle nd y show that Americans arc mainI)' concenll'd with the C<:O IlOIll )" national St.'curiry. eduClTion Jnd health Clre. The Republ icans nccll to st;lke their d :lim o n Lhese bread-and-buuer i ~su es. And there is nu better way to d o so than to p:tS5 meaningfull egislation , which has the support of most Americans. Th e sta kes could not be 11i ghe r. A major reason why Congress iona l De moCTIlls suffe red hcavy losses Hl November is beC,lUSt' the dt'Cto l':l. te is fed up wit h obstructionism, D~' m OCrJlS would be wise to re member this, t-speciall), rega rding tile I'resid\'rH 'S judicial appoinunerm . Mo reover. the D cmocr,lti c Party is illdefineJ and un:lb[c to connect with o rdinary vo te rs. www.

Vore rs rCClIl thaI. for much of lhe

1990s, Republicans in Congress were able to pass some major pieces of legislatio n even thoug h a Democrat, Rill C limon , occupied the pres ide ncy. Th e mos t consequential I..-;I S wclFJfC reform, which contribute<1 to the decade's economic boom and tr:1!lsfOfm ed the feder:1l gOI'ernme nt's relarionship with the states. Now that ,he GOP controls both the Whit e House and C ong ress, (he elec torate rightl ), expc-cls results. Jf Rt'puhlica ns are :lb[e 10 pass the Pres idenr 's ;,s(·nda. voters wil1 richly reward the m - JUSt ;' 5 the), n.-w arded the GOI' the IaSI timc it was thc countr),'s majo rir), part)' du rin g till" e ra of William Mc Kinl er, Tht'odo re Roosevelt and Ca[vin Coolidge. Howeve r, if RqJUblic:r.ns get mired in legislalive p:1!1l.l)'sis Of politiCl[ exrremism , then vot er~ will punish them in the 2006 mid te rm eil-ctiotl). [n shoft , for the GO [~ it is all o r 1l00hing. Hence. il is important for Rcpubl iClns to rt'mcm ber Ihal the p :H I}"S gream css. go ing all the wa)' back 10 Lincoln . lies in its openness a nd di ve rsity. The COP Ius become a natio nal part)' prccisd y beCluse it representS ;t broad array of regions, ideas :tnd inte rests. Its strenglh is th:u it is :m incl usive party. \\Ihiclt is truly a " Big 'Jc m " for those commill ed to the Republican principles of linlitcd governmelll, equalit), of opportun ity for a ll a nd a v i goro u~ fo rei gn policy. By sticking to this St ra Tegy of strt'ng tlt th ro ug[l d iversil)" Republic ms will cnsure that they fC main Amerio's party fo r decades to come. ~

l ilt'

- Riehl/rd 5. Krssler is pm idl'lll of Thr Ripon Sorirty


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• •

Personnel Strategy for the Second Term Bush assembles principled and cohesive team By Lcs T Csorha

As witb sbips, so with men; He who turns his back to the foe gi/les him an advantage; wbereas our ribbed cbests, like the ribbed bows ofa ji-igate, are as bulkbeads to dam



Herman Melville, Whitr jl/flU( t a summit of lea<lers held in C hile soon after the Repub lican Parry's historic \·icwry [~ Sl November. Presidcrll Geo rge W. Bush pulled his lead Sl'Cret Service 1gerH away from Sluboorn Chik':ln security officials. stmigluened his agent's shin cufTs. and C'.Ilmly relUrtled 10 business. It W'J.S hlrd to miss the symoolism of the moment. Great ll'aders do not stand by and allow chaos on their watch. Rem:lrkabte leaders throughout his tory have oflcn bel'n tr:lOsformationa l, not ImnsaCi iona!. Tlwy have bct'n "leaders widl ch ests~ as Melville might haw phmscd il. For exam ple, Prcsidelll Abrn h:ull Lincoln W:I~ steadt:lst in unifying the n:uion and signing the Emancipation Proclamation: British Primc Mi nister Wimlon Ch urchill was dctermincd IV safeguard \X'esl('TIl civilization from tyr:lI1ny: and President Ronald Rcaboan was indomitable in his quest to bring the Soviet empi re w its knees and to sc.'Cure \'jcwry in the Cold War. And now PrcsidelH !lush has assumed thc mantle of audacious le:ldcrship. He is resolute in :Idvanci ng democracy and freedo m in the Middle East: cornering, suRe,· ating ;\nd killing terrorists around the globe: and building In "ownership society" at home. 111e llledi;1 cliu:s and Ikl rway pundits who thought (and perhaps hoped) tim the Presidem migh t coast, scll·oU!, pander, or sim ply re\'cI in his dcr to l"al triumph, lft· still not acqu:limed with the mall. For President Bush is imenscly competitive and determined to l chievc his goals. Hcre is a presidell1 who is lIot enamored by pomp and cirClllllHa iKe.



Instead . Prcsident Bush's solc satisfac· tion comes from rising to the challenges of tllt~ moment and securing results. TIl!': Prcsidelll's personnel Stt:Ht"g)' for his second rerm reflects this. Cotlnsdcd by studcllts of hismry - such as senior politial advisor Karl Rove and the cldcr President Gt'Orge H. \'('. Bus h who served by !lresidclI! Reagan's side - our currem k'ade r knows that second-term presidents havc li"l<.- timc 10 act. Perhaps thq h~\'t' a ye~r, or maybe two. Yet, the dt'mands upon President IJush continu t' to increase: Irn<[. lIudc~ r tension in Imll and North Korea, genocide ill the Sudan . thc War on "[e rror. transforming Social Sccurit)" making ch:lIlges to lVkdiare and cnacting tax reform, The President IllUSI thcrefore ;\Ct q uickl}'. In order to fulfi ll his goals in tilt' time allottcd, the Presillent Ilet-as a reliable tcam. President Bush has correctly grnspcd that people are policy. Some of his most trlme(1 counselors ha \'(~ therefore been appointed to new posit ions 111 the Cabinct. Alberto Gonzales is going to the Justice Department: Condolce".a.a Ricc to the Stale Department; a nd Marg.lret Spellings (0 Eduafion. President Bmh abo implored his steady Chief of Staff. Amly Card, to remain in his service. So me conservali\'c5 have expressed concern thll none of these confid:ulI"s 3re ideological and , a rc perh:lps, tOO enamored with the President. Howc\'er, Presidellt Hush's selection refl L"Cts his eagernns to accomplish g rcat things - and filSt. Presidcnt Hush possesscs the tWO most important cle mcn ts of tra nsformational ww,,·

leadl'rship: a sound !nom] com pass and o rg;lIli1.:ltionaJ skills that produce tangible results. In order to implement his ideas. Presidcilt Bush has cn$un.-d that his advise rs sh:lrc the overall direction of his domcstic :lIld foreign policy. Funhcrmore, like any CEO of :. COTpur:llion, President Hush - who h;l$ '-':I mcd an M.BA - knuws Ihal cohesi\'cncss is indispells,lble 10 performance-orienled leadership. He has therefore 3s~rnblt·d a \\'ellin,,:grart-d lelm, wililom 5.1crificing the unique comributions rh;n each individual can make. Comrary 10 [he skcplio. each of his strong- minded ad\·isors will differ, and :Ire indlx-d dose enough [0 him 10 speak their minds fred)'. My advice 10 the dire chancring classes who arc hoping Ih:1( Ihe President sellsOUI his conservativc principles: Don't hold your breadl. Unlike his rcrent political opponent, this man shows nonc or Ihe dou · ble-mindedness that results in perpem:11 vacilla tion. Prcsident Bush will rC:lch Ou(, hu t not outsidc the sTricturcs o r his com· pass. Instead, due to wisc appointmcnts of personnel, his second tcrm may pro\'C to be even more remarkable than the first. Afler all. icll-:lS rcmain abstrnctio ns, unless of courS(", onc has truSted friends in high places who can help com'en Ihese principles into reality. Presidcnt Bush has the organiz.:uional pragmat ism of a le:ldcr who an get things do ne; he also has the - ribbed chcst~ - or mornl steadfastness - of a commander who knows he a n Count on the allegiance of hi~ crew as he SIet'1"S his frigatc 10 dam the onset. <:;t -

Ln Csorbl1, 11 forml'r lfl'hiu HOII.!' Jl'IIior IldlJifOr /11 thl' (/l'orgl' H. IV. BMh Illlministmtioll, I1l1d Pl1rtll" with tbl' //Iorld's largm rXl'flltilJl' sl'llreb firm, il till' all/hor of "TRUST: 77)l' Onr Thillg tlJIIt Mft/wor BUl1ks 11 LI'(/d,,~ (Nl'lsoll. 2004)

The Ripon Forum · Winler l005

Why the Democrats Lost Kerry snatched defeat from the jaws of victory By Roben Stacy McCain

2, 2004, W;\5 an Elcction D ly 11m the 111(:<li,( elite had (lccbrt.'(1 would be a rdcrcnduill on M lhe wrong war at th e wron g tim e" in Ir.lq ,md "the wo rsl economy si nce He rbert l-l oo\'c r. ~ BUIIO the morrific:uion of liberals c\'c rywlwrc, th t, Republicans s,,:curcd lite presidency and won majorities in the l-Iou5e and S('nalc. Liberal pundi ts imlllcd iJlcl y weill into crisis mode. The C u[um' \XI:!r waS back. dley assurncd. a nd D<: t1locr;IIS were 011 the losing cnd. G,.Try Wills and Nt/II .'Ork l imn columnists Thom as Fri c<lm al1 ;lnd Maureen Dowd c\'cn united in declaring that Ame rica was in tile gri ps of a flll1d a~ menf'J lisl ~ jihad. " As panic g;l.\'(' way to despair, liberals were in denial aoo m the me:lIling of their defeat. o r eve n the realiry of defeat. Denial led some to d :tim tha t Democrats we re vicrims of a diabolical scheme invol ving electronic vOI illg mac hines (the S1 rlle m achin ~ De rnocrJ LS Imd insisred on afte r the ~ ha n g­ ing chad" mess of 2000). Many Republicans watdling this hysterical D(>lIlocrat ic mcltdowll IIl USt h:l\'e b~'Cn temptl-d 10 interve ne :ll1d :ld,1 :1 few words of sane anal ysis ~bOlH the prob lems alHI prospe<:tS of the Democra tic Pan )" but


0 \"

• An elec(ion in which the winner gets 51 percent of the \,OtC to the loser's 48 percent share is hardly :1 (lis.1Ster fo r the lo.~er. It only seemed thai wa y to De mocrat's because polls in the w(.'e ks leading III' to thl' election had indicated som e ho pe of :1 Kerry victory. This hope h:ld intensifil'd Oil EleClion Day when earl y ('xil polls fa lsely forl'c;L~t a Democratic surge. As those few Dl'rlIocr.ns who weren't completel y tr:IlUllJti1.ed by the c1e<:tioll poi nted OUI. a 511ift of less than 70 .000 VOi CS in Ohio - out of thl' nearl y 120 million Americans who went to the polls would h:lve been c no ugh to pili Senator John Kerry in the W hite Ho use. • Jo hn Kerry aCfll :llly did bellCT than might haV{' been cxpeclt'd . giH'n that he chailengL-d an incumbem president who had been commandl'r-in -chief during milita ry victoril's in Afghanistan :lnd Iraq. at :1 timt' of gene ral economic prosperiry. Of course, rhe Kerry campaig n was brgcly based upon disroning ,he Bush Tl'Cord. suggesting th:u Iraq was ":lIlOdll'r Vielnam" and thai the ecollomy was moribund, but nei ther of thesc cbims

was cllIircly inappropriate. And while l'COIlOnl;C growrh was nOt as robust as mallY might wish, the unemployment r:lle on Election Day 2004 was the saml' as il had heen whe n Prcsi<bu Bill C lilllon won re-eleClion in ! 996. To will in 2004, Democrats h:ld to co nvince Americans dlat victor y was dcfe:H and t hat recovcry was ((·cession. l'rcsidenr Gl,(lrgc W. Bush had the nat ural advanrages of incumbency. and it simpl)' was not :1 good year fo r the chal le ngers. • lJespitc a po litical situation that gene r:111)' fa \'ored th ~ inc umbe nt. the Democrats still might have defeated Preside nt Bush had it nor bcrll fo r Mr. Ke rry's intrinsic limirations as a ca ndi date. All can<lid:llcs commit goofs a nd gaffcs. but Mr. Kerry was a gold mine. He IOlIIed his status as a decoratl'd Vietnam War ve teran as a major qu:tli(icalion for the pres idenc)'. and Democrars made his service :!bo:lrd Navy "swift boat s~ dlC cenre rpie<:c of t heir convention. But if this was 10 h31'c been Mr. Kerry's trump card ag:linsl Pres ide nt Hush whom DemocratS de rided as a pro-w:u "chic ke n h:l\vk" ..... ho had never Sl'Cll comb:!1 ~ il backfired in the most speclacubr fas hion whe n a gro up of Mr. Kerry's I'd low \'eteran s de nounced him as a liar a nd a rrnitor. Es pecially because of his a nti-war acti vi tics in the 19705, Mr. Ke rry's Vietnam record pro\'ed 10 be fa r more of a liability Ihan an assc r. And while Mr. Kerry turned in strong perfor mances in h is three debates with Preside nt Bush , th e Democrat o tllcrwise ran a lousy cam · paign. He had a knack for providing sound bites that wefe useful 10 his oppon e nt s. as wlll'n he famou sly declared that he vo ted for an $87 million mi li tary funding bill before he

"To win in 2004, Democrats had to convince

Americans that victory was defeat and that recovery was recession." bit their I"OnguL'S lest they vioiate a basic Tule of politics: When your opponent is in the process of dc.m oyi ng himself. gt'l Out of Ihe W:ly. Yet now t h:" DemocraLS are reco\'eri ng from the debililating psychological cond ition Ih :tI somt· the rapists ill November labek'd "Post-Election Selection Tr.tllnta. " if might nOt hurt to ObSl'rVe Ih:!t as bad:ls the Dc mocr.m ' 2004 defeat W :J.$ , it wasn't :IS h:ul :IS they im:lgil1l'd: The Ripon Forum - Winler 2005

was tru e - and most \'oters knew il. From the first shot of the lra' l war. it was only (hree wl"Cks before Americans watched live on T V as U.S. Marines IOppl ed a StaHle of Iraqi d iClator S:ldda m HusSl·in 111 downcowll B:lghdad . Although postwar all:lCks in Iraq by regime holdouts and fo reig n Il'rrorists had been deadly. sensihle 1'01ers could see thaI the Vielnam :Hl:l logy ww ...... ripo


Politics: Why the Democrats Lost

"The Great Panic of '04 was good while it lasted, but bV Thanksgiving, Democrats were showing signs of rationalitv. For one thing, they jettisoned Terrv McAuliffe as head of the Democratic National Committee. Mr. McAuliffe was alwavs an exceptional fundraiser, but as a political tactician he seemed tone-deaf to the concerns and sensibilities of Middle America." VO[OO :lgairlSl it. His Wt.":thhy, ~cclHric

wife was a campaign liability. Also, Mr. Kerry blunder(.xi inlO a MDukakis in :l lank" moment when he suited up in

cmouflagc for an Ohio duck hUIII Ihal gun-owners (who were the object of this pholO<o!, ploy) immediately

recognized as a shameless political slUm.

H:ld the Democrar.s chosen a C"JIldidarc widl a mote personable wife, a less troublesome rccord, and better

political ilmillc ls, il might have made a difference in an elcCtion where the popular vote margin was JUSt 3 peTeCHlage poi illS. Finally, despite hallucin:;l!iOlls of a Christian funda mcl1l:llist "ji h:ld ~ in

the minds of op-cd pundits, the faCI that 22 percell( of l'OIcrs told polbtcrs in exi, polls Ihal ~ moral values- were Ihe mosl imponam issue is not quite Ihe cuhural il has been made OUI 10 be. The (('rm ~ moral '13.1ues" is vague. II is cerl3.inly unlikely that 22 percenl of Americans VOted to imposc 3. right-wing ChriSli3.n theocracy o n the nation, as the likes of Maureen Dowd. Tina Brown 3.nd Garry Wills suggest. Honesty. fairness, p:uriotism - these are all moral ties. and il may be that some vOle rs meant to tell pollsters th:u they considert'd these eriteri:! in eval uating the c:lndid:Lu:s. Ilut whate\'er "moral vallLCS~ means. and dcspitl' its Spot awp


the list of issues that swayoo \路olers. 78 percent cited other issucs as more imporr3.nt 10 Ihem. So pundits' P:Lnicked cries aboul an incipient GOP Talihan regime were an irrational rc3.c路 tion to 3. single statistic in an exit poll. Despite these ralional argumentS against Democratic despair, Repuhlic;ms kept quier. After all , what is dearer to the hearts of Repuhlicans th:ll1 the sight of defeated Democrats in abjeci panic? T hat p:lIlic took lIlany forms: Contempt - '" If mili[:UH Christi:1Il Repuhlicans from inland IXlckwJ[ers helieve that secular liheral Democrats from the hig coastal cities look upon thelll with disdain. there's a reason. We do, and all the more so after this clection,~ declared left-wing cartoonist l "Cd R.:!.ll. " By any obje<:ti\'e standard. you had 10 Ix- spt."Ctacularly stupid to support Bush." Nostalgia - Democrats have "no alternative hOi 10 reUlrtl 10 the idealism, boldness a nd generosity of spirit Ihat marked the presidencies of FDR and JFK and the short-lived presidential campaign of Bobby Kennedy," ex-GOP member Arianna Huffington de<:lared in Stll01l.rom, without even hinting what SOrt of policies th is might involve.

analysts (() sec Mr. Kerry's defeat as largely a matter of tone and style. H is collcague William Salelan suggested that Mr. Kerry was JUSt roo nuanced for stupid American vote rs; "Think about the simplicity of everythi ng Bush says and does. He gives the samc speech C"o路cry time. His sentences arc shorr and dear.... What Kerry lacked W3S simplicity. Ilush had one message; Kerry h:ld dozens. Bush had one is.sue; Kerry had scores "

Exile - ~ J'm going to apply tor an Irish passport," novelist Jay Mcinerney [old

Salon. The Grear Panic of'04 was good while it lasted, but by Thanksgiving, Democrats were showing signs of rationality. For one Ihing, th()' jettisoned Terry McAuliffe as head of the Democratic Nat ional Commillet.'. Mr. ,\JlcAuliffe was always an cxcept ional fund miser, bu t as a political tactician he seemed IOne路deaf to the concerns and sensihiliries of Middle America. Confrollled with the spect:,cle of Democrats in disarray. il might be tempting for Republicans to write off the opposition as permanently doonH.-d ro defeat. It is a dangerous temptation. The Delllocr:lts could mount a major comeback. if only they would .... Oh , never mind. Let 'S not give them any extra help. It's too much fun w:l!ching them try to figure it OUt on their own. c::7

- Rovrrl SltIry MrCaill is (1IIIISsist(11Il lIational tditoT III Thr \rfashinglOf/ 'limes

Exclusive interviews with leading politicians in every issue.

Style - "Vision without det:lils beats <Icrails without VISion , explained Slatt'.comj Chris SuellclUrop, one of s('\'('ral

The Ripon Forum ' Winter 2005

Answers That Matter.

Bush's Mandate President proposes ambitious agenda By Donald Lambro TC5idCIH Gl'Orgc \Y!, I~ush has charted an ambitious. precedent-SCI ling dOllll"Slic agenda for the country over the next four yea rs ,h:lI . even if he is modestly successfu l, would ;tS.\llrC his place :15 o ll e of


the most influcmial presidents in modern history. At rhe top of this far-reaching age nda is a proposal that dwarfs \·jrrually any econom-

ic or social issue since the Great Depression: partially privatizing the last pilbr of the New De'al wclfim: Slate, Social &'Curit)'. To S:IY this is a bold. high risk, visionary idea is.l vast ulldcrsratcfIlCI1!. [t would begi n a swt-cping restructuring of the fedcr:al governments largest progl'JIll. replacing its

Pon'l1 SChCll1l' finan cing with a self-financing system based on real capil;ll assets that Americans would own. control alld could leave (,chind 10 their heirs. PresidelH Bush's proposal is somelhing conscr,,:uives ami diehard lilx:n:trians havc pushl.J for d('C'Jdes. btL! widlOtL! success: letting youngcr workers volulHarily inn:st :t ponioll of d1<.:ir PJ)TolIl<lxQ' in highly divt:rsified stock and bond funds that would provide dlCm with a much higher yield than thc PJllfy 1 10 2 percent l'Ct urns most get now. Over time. this reform would turn tens of millions of lower and middle income workers imo owners of the n:tlion's l'Co nomy. providing thcm with :t huge SI:tke in Amcrica's growing wealth. In thl' P.1St, l'Ven suggt!!>ling the idea was politically suicidal. nUl when thcn-c:\ndid:ttc Georgc W. Bu~h f"Jn on it in 2000, millions of younger \'OI(rs were: drawn to it and the Texas governor emergl-d \·icrorious. Losing little lime. Prcsidcm nush appointL-d J bipartisan proidemial commission. hea<kd by then - Dernoer:lIic Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan of New York, to comc up with options lor implemcnting the pbn. The idl':! suffercd ;. temporary setback ill the wakc of 9/11. 8tH the idl-:l PfMoo to be :. winner again when PrcsidelH I!u~ h cunp;lignoo for it evetl more vigorously in the 2004 dection. winning by ne•• rly four million I·utes. Now he could S,1Y that he had .t ma ndate for change, :uld Social Security reform imrncdi-


ately became the No. 1 priority on his dO tlH."Stic agenda. No sooner werc the ekction results in, than the White House began a series of briefings a nd Str;lIcgy sessions with reform a<ll'ocaces from the Cato In5titute, the Heritage Fo undation, the Hoover Institution and a broad ra nge of busi ness .md industry leaders who have banded IOgether 10 lobby for thc idea.

Personal Retirement AccDunts St:veral developments ha\'c come OUI of these closed-door nlL"Ctings, acco rd ing to advisers who h,w( participated, I;irsl, senior White House officials want to mo\'c (Iuickl)' while I'roidelll Bush ha5 plellty of political mornelllllln coming out of his re-election victor),. Second. people who Ila\'e attended these meerings tell me lhat the Pres-idem's advisers are looking into Social S<.'Curity I>cr, sonal rCl irl'mCIlI accou tlls th:1I wOllld be larger dmn the puny 2 percetll plans usually linkl.J to Prcsidcllt Blish's idl':I, pt'rh:tps up to " percentage points of payroll taxl"S. "The mainstream IHlxlia is not clued in on this yet; they're Slill talking ahout having 2 pem.:m accounts. I think there is •• st rong ])()ssibility tl1:l1 the Whire House is considl'ring larger accoullls.~ s,1id Michael ·r:ltlller, che Cato Institute's Social Security analyst who has been in on the meetings. " [ think it would be ,I larger account chan 2 perce mage I)()ims lof the 12.4 percell! payroll raxl up to a cermin dollar atlloum of income," s,1id ,mother think rank official who has briefed adminiMration adl'iscrs. The plans being discusst.-d are still fluid, but glimmers of what the)' may look like when till' \'(/hite House sends up il5 propo~­ als ill c:lrly 2005 arc beginning to leak out. -Th.,:y"re talking al)()UI a Social 5<.'Curit)' ])Crsonal retirement plan carn-d OUI of payroll taxes whose structure will he sim il •• r to the fL'(lcral retiremen t systC1ll.- ~aid .mother participant in the meetings. Ir iS11't widely known, but all federal workers, including every membcr of Congfl'Ss, mally of whom oppose Presidc11I Bush's idea. arc ;llIowoo to choose from :l www.r'ponsoc.ors

varie!y of rClircmcm plans chat inn:5t in slOcks, I)()nds, fixt·d-imeres-t funds and even 0\'C1"SCaS securlllo. It is unlikely that thc President will send a full-fledged plan 10 Capitol H ill, preferring instead (Q submil a derailed oudinc of what he wa nts and then lei Congress work OUI Ihe details. \'(Ihat arc i(s chances? They arc prctl)' good, if it is done qu ickly. But a ny plan of this rnagnimde is goi ng to haw (Q JPI)(,;II [(j some Democr:lls, es pc.'cially in the Sen;lfc, to ol'ercome a filib uster that would require 60 VOles to CUI off. GOP Sen. Lindsey Grahalll of South Caroli na, who is pushing a pl:llI of his ()\lItl, tells me he ha5 [alked 10 a handful of Democrats who {ell him IIt:1I they are open to President Bush's ide:t undcr the right financing circu mstances. Another reason (Q be optimiSlie about its chances: I'olls show strong suppon among a majority of workers, o pc:cially younger ones, alld Ih:1I support crosses JUSt ,.I)()ut all 1)()litical, income and raciJI lillo. E\'en the AARI~ the nation's largOt scnior citi7..cns lobby grou p, does not OPI)()SC the idc:l of invollnelll aeeOlLllIS as long a5 the transi!ion COSts do not come OUi of the Social 5<.'Curity system. ' nle chairmen of the HOIlst.' and Senate tax-writing committccs previously ha\'c sup· ])()rwd partial privat i7A1tion pl:lI1s. Rep. !lill Thomas, C11i fornia Ikpublican a nd dlai rman of the House \'(Iays and Me.lIls Committee, has spolborcd legislation that would have allowed workers to invest half of their payroll t:lX. Sen. Ch:ules Grassle}', Iowa Rep ublican and chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, h:lS co-sponsorlxl a 2 percent personal reliremem plan. The biggol hurdle will be solving Ihe trallSition COStS which range from S 1 trillion to $8 trillion over 30 )"C"Jrs or more, depen<ling on thc siU' of the accounts. But whate\,er the costs, thl'}' will in the long-nm be fJT chca])Cr than the 527 trillion in unfunded liability that I:tXpa)'ers will have to pay if nothing is done 10 change Ihe system which faces bankruptcy in 15 to 30 yc.trs. Mr. Graham wants 10 f"JiSt.' the $87,900 income cap on payro ll t:tXt!!> 10 $150,000 which would cOI'cr its tr:msition COStS, an idea Ihat the While Ho ust.' UPI)()SCS right now. T ile President. Mr. Graham IOld tile. "is goillg to have to accept nOlHr:lditional Republican conceptS to solve this probletll . ~ .. It'.~ like ],'lying otT your credit clrd. You ;Ire a lot better offif you pay down your ercd· Th(.' Ripon Forum · Winter 2005

it card (k-bl. You save a lot of mOlley in th..: long run, but of course yo u ha\'C 10 cOllle up with the moncy today and that'~ not alwap casy,~ said Derrick Max. executive director of tht· Alli:tnce for Wo rker Retirement Security. a business coalition lobbying for the Prcsidem's plan. Speed will be of the essence, say reform advocates. ~ \'(fe've gOt a six month window here 10 do this, bcca u~ after that everyone will be focusing on the 2006 Icongressioll:a1J eiL'Ctions. We need (0 be bold :and we need 10 be 'Iuick, ~ Mr. Graham s., id.

Tax Refor m After tackling Sod:al Secu rity, I:lX reform siloliid be a pi~'Ce of cake. The qut'Stion is: (".In you do bOth in the same relT? No, s:ay the admi nislf'.Ilion tax reform advisers. ~ rm nOI sure ),011 can do bOth in Ihe 5;lIlle ye:ar bUI you can ,10 bOth in the same term," s;~id Stanford University economist John Cogan. a senior fellow :u ~he Hoover Inst ilution who has been Ihe administration's fix-il man on a broad range of economic and fiscal issues. Prcsidelll Bush, looking 10 flesh Olll his amp;lign agenda, annout1C(xl rcbtivdy btl: in the election ye:lr th:u he would simplify the federal tax system in his s<-'Cond Term. H is advisers Solid that this could include SlrUClUral changes in tile IRS taX axle 10 make it mo re pro-growth. Th:at could Illean eliminating corporate tax loopholes - OTherwise known as "corporate wdf:m,::" - so th:lt by bro;~(lcni llg the lax b;lse, President Hush could s<-'C k deepe r I:IX reductions 10 encourage more personal savings, invcstment and ('Co nomic growlh. Unlike Social Security. where fullblown reform options produced by a bipaniSIn presidential commission arc alwJdy on tlte table. President Bush doesn't have;a pl:J.n re:I(I), to go on tax reform. He is expected to appoint a blue ribbon panel to examine what ch:mges ;are needed 1'0 simplifY til(' code and make it more pro-growth. But recommend:llions will not Ix- r('ady for another six months al besl . possibly not until the end of the year. Could President Bush propose something mort· radic.,1 such as replacing the tax code with a flat mx or a n :uion:~1 sales tax? Unlikely, say lOp ad\'isers who helped President Bush craft his 200 1 ....lX CUt plans. Tht'}' do not Ix-lie\'e there is Ihe kind of political support OUI there to pass either idea. "1-k-(I1x- bener otT goi ng for a broader tax basc ami T<,:ducing the I.IX r.Hes even furThe: Ripon Forum ' Winter 2005

ther. no mailer how much more complex Ihat makes the code,~ said Marrin Anderson , a Hoover Institulion analyst who was Prcsident Ronald Reagan's chief domcstic adviser and served on Prt-sident Bush's 2000 tax reform telm. The emerging li meline suggCStS that mx reform will nor be tackled until 2006 at the e:arliCSI, JUSt :as President Reagan did tWO relrs alter his 1984 landslide reelection victory. Presidelll Relg., n was less interested in simplifYing the t;ax code than in lowering the tax rates. A lot of spcx:i:,1 credits. deductions and other loophok-s were CUI ;md Presid(,nt Reagan gOt a re\'emte-neutral reform bill that brought the top personal income rnx r.ue down to 28 percent. TIm could Lx- Prcsidcm Bush's goo1 :IS well. Presidem Reagan h;ad the help of Democrats like Rep. Richard Gephar{h of Missouri and Sen. Bill Hradley of Nt'\\' J('fSey. both of whom also wanted lower rates to spur economic expansion ;and new business forma tion, 13111 President Hush has stronger Republican ma jorities in tht· House and 5<.'Il3[(' Ihal will m:lke getling a bill through Congress that much easier.

Health Care President Bush will push fo r tlte ('XP:UIs;on of ht'3lth care s;[vings accounts ;and seek tax deduCtions for insurance premiums for high-deductible pl:ans, regardk-ss of whet her taxp;lyers itemize or not. He W:lIltS assistance. lip to $2,000, for low income F.unilies to help p;ay health insurance premiums and up to $1 .000 for he;lhh care savings accountS to help wiTh out-of-pocket expenses. T he h(':If( of his h(';lltl1 care refo rm plan . howC'ver, is limiling malpracrice bwsuilS. This reform still F.aees huge procl.:dural hurdles in {he Sen:ate where DemocralS, who w('re heavily supported by the trial lawycr in{lustry itt laSt year's Gttltpaign, will fight it tooth and n;tiL Yet none of these he;llth care propos:~ls on Prcsidem Hush's agenda come cloSt' 10 matching Ihe long- t~'rm political, social :lnd ('Conomic imp:Kt of his Social Securil), reforms. which would mark the end of an ef'J in cemral planning. From the Democr:tts' point of view, the growing popularity ofPrcsidellt Hush's Social Security plan ~ i s thl' most frightening, if people no longer believe Democrats when th t'}' s:ty that Social Securi ty will be there for you and a collective go\'ernment program is the beSt wa)' 10 provide for your fumre, " \'(falter Russell Mead. a scniOI' fellow at the Council www,

on Foreign Relat ions, told [he Stili Frill/risco C!Jrol/;d~ lai C !:iSI yca r. "\'(Ihel1 YOli find more and more yo unger \'oters thinking ,hat individuJI accounts alld the Stock market - and this is :Iftcr fhe t('(ll bust - offer mort· s<-'Cu ril)' than a govern1llent progr.Ull ... Democrats might be losing tht· t.'(onomic argum t'llt as well as the social policy arglllllent,M Mr, Meadsaid. ~ -

Dof/ald Lambro is a

1/mio1ll1lfy SYlld;mud foftmm;sl

SCORING BUSH ' S AGENDA Social Security Refcrm Opinion polls show letting workers invest part of their payrolf taxes in stocks and bonds gets strong majorities among younger workers , cutting across Just about every demographic group . Democrats. however, are overwhelmingly opposed to touching the Holy Grall of their party's New Deal agenda , though a handful of defections seem likely In the Senate. Chances of passage: Good to excellent Tax Reform Everyone In Congress condemns the Insane complextty. huge compliance costs and inherent unfairness of the tax system. President Bush has said he seeks to simplify the tax code and make It more prcrgrowth. The President's call resonates WIth many taxpayers. But it is likely he will also include structural changes as well In the tax rates as part of a revenue-neutral overhaul , just as President Reagan did tn his second

teem . Chances of passage: Excellent Health Care Everybody wants to broaden accesstblllty to health care, but outside of limiting malpractice lawsUits. this was not a central feature of President Bush's cempaign agenda. Even larger health care savings accounts sought by the administration could get shot down In the crossfire of competrng health care agendas. Chances of passage: Not good


-...-..-... • _ ,





les an emocrats Party no longer represents mainstream America By Patrick M. Garry enator John Ker ry docs nOt de~ervc all the crit icism he has received from fellow Democrats. The Jos~ ill NO\'ember was not ellt irely his fault. h was not the result of a failure to communic lle Democr:l.tic ideas or \':llues. In r.1Ct, there was no way Mr. Kerry could com muniC:ltl' the [)emocr3tic ideology bc.'C:Hlse O\'er the past three decades, that ideology has di verged sharply from the values of mainstream Americ:J. Unlike th(' avt'rage American. Ihe a\'erage delegate to the Democratic convention bdi t'\'ed that: tlte United Sures was as milch 10 blame for 9/11 as were the terrori~t s; gay m:lrriage should not only Ixprotected but encouraged ; the United Narions is a more enlighrencd body for determining mailers of narional defen~ than is Congress~ the Christian religion is a repressive superstil ion; Americans arc in herelHly racist; Abu Ghraib is more refl ective of the mil it:lry Ihan is the libera· lion of Afgh:misun: and when it comes 10 truth and morals, everYlh ing is relative. Given this disconnt'C"t in ideology, the Kerry Glmpaign could hardly express a central mess:Jg(' that would be pala(able both 10 the parry fai thful and the indC]x:ndelll voter. Instead, l"lr. Kerry rel ied on an ('ndl('ss tirade of gripes abolll oursotlrcing, nu \';I(cines and the number of rTOOps in Ira<l. The pundits claim Ihal the Democrats lost on (11'0 issues: \':llues and national sccurif)'. UUI both those issues stem from a common core - a Delllocr:l.tic idl'Ology that is incompatible with the "alues of most Americnns.



Liberalism in Crisis Lib('rals view America through a lens of blame. Since the 1960s civil rights mo\"emelll, Democrats came 10 set' Americ:J as pen'asively rJcist. rather than as a 113tion whose ConstillHion could heal the injustices of the past. During the Vi('mam W.1r, they maintainc.'(1 ,h;1I America was a dangerOtiS imperialist power rather than a defellder of frcedom for the South Vil·tnamese. And during the \"l1tergate sc.mdal. Illany liberals accused America of being as corrupt as Soviet-style diclafOrships rathe r than as a dernocracy capable of holding its president accountable to the I :~w, In their ~peec h es ;Ibout 9111. the Democrats rardy mention the terrorists. The)' talk about tlte failures of Ihe FB I, the eLA, and of course President Gc.'Orge W. Hush. But the), CJnnot bring themsch'cs to blame terrorists who hate the America ll way of life, Perlt'lps, th i ~ is because liber:~ l s themselves loathe th:u w;~ y of life. Si nger Rickie Lee Jo ncs c)[pressed these senti lll crH~ when she 5.'1id that the public displays of patriotism following 9/ 11 made ~ her skin cl"3wl. n and thaI all Ihe pc."Ople waving nags resembled a mob of Nazis. Michael Moore com'cyed similar thoughts when he remarked dllring .. speech in France that Arne ri call~ :Ire ,he "dulllbcst~ I~ople 011 Ihe planet. This single COlll lll elll speaks \'olumes abolll liberal DemOCr:l.ts - pt.'Ople who arc more al home in FrJnce than in Amerio. Mr. Kerr)"s actions have long reflCX"too this discomfort wilh America. In protesting the Vietll.11l1 W~r, he comp:lfed

American soldiers to Genghis Khan. In his 1971 testimony before the U.S. Senate, lvlr. Kerry said th:1I Asians fearc.-d American "im]X"rialism~ more than they did comm unism. During the 19805, he daim<:d that Presidem Ronald Reaga n's suppon of the democr:uic comrJS in displayed America's moral weakness, An(I:1I the 1988 Democratic convention , he characterized Americ:1 as a nation in "moral darkness." UUI the mOSt telling re\'elation of his "iew of AmeriGl is the glowing introduction III' wrote for a book of po<'try by Langston Hughes. a Stalinist who described America as full o fMr:I I~ and rot of grafl and sle:lhh. :md lies."' and :IS a place where the "mighty crush the weak.~ Hecause of their harsh view of America. the Kerry Democr:ns were wi lling 10 infliCI injury upon rhe nation's inSlilulions and crt-dibility. And they were willing 10 do so merely for dIe sake of a poli tical cam paign. They continually discredited rhe very founda lion of American de - the electoral system - by making unfou nded allegations of voter discrimination. Democrats lTCa.ted the \"o ting process nor as a com mullal l:ivic act. but as a mere STage in the quest fo r power. They consistently predicted widespread electoral breakdown. In fuC!, the pany announced weeks before the ek'Ction that it would have ~ 10,000 1:lwyers OUI in the battleground srarc.'S on Election Day. ~

'Welcome to Ukraine' "10 Democrats, the election was about promoting discolllent, rather th,l ll foswri ng Thl' RiI)()11 Forum ' Wimer 2005

national uniry. A Kerry sl>okesperson said the call1p;lign was prepart'ti !O fight ~a scorched-e;l nh \Vorld \Var III reCOUII! baull'." A part)' official \'owed to -send SWAT !Carm our !O fight these wars.~ But conrmry!O all the accusations of disenfr:wchisel1lclll, the election occurred without an y such problems. Even so. DemocratS cominued their assault 0 11 dIe illlegriry of America's electoral SySh::l11. A month after the election ended and their candidate h;ld conceded defeat. the Kerry campaign sued fo r a recou nt in Ohio, alk-gi ng that various "irregubrities~ had robbed Mr. KeffY of the stare. "\Vclcol1le to Ukfaine,~ said one Dell1ocr;n at the announcement of the lawsuit. Con u;lr y 10 ;(11 thcir \'ociferollS concern for elecmral imegrity, Democratic riH.'ir opponents groups terrorized in ways usually Sl-cn only in underdeveloped democr;lcies. Violence occurred at Republican campaign officl'S throughout the count ry: there were burglaries in $canle and SI>okane: break-ins at Flagstaff and Cincinnati: shots were fiTl-d into offices in Ti.'lHtessee. West Virgini,t and Florida: oflices in Montana, Ohio, Alaska and Illinois were v'lIld:lli~.ed; a swastika W:IS burtled into the lawn of a Wisconsin Hush supporter: a Rcpuhlican chairperson was assaulted in his office in Gainesville: a group of Democrats ~lOrmed the I!ush head<ptarters in Orbndo, injuring several campaign workers: the tires or 30 cars were SIaShlX[ at a Wiscollsiu GOP h e~dq uart ers: and a mob of v:lndals broke windows and Icft vulgar mcssages at a North Carolina Repttblic;lll office. Such was the result of the libcral promise 10 do Mwlmever it rakes to win the elcction. The proleStS at thc Republican COl1vclltion typified this libcml dClermin:ttion to r('SOrl to extreme mcasu res 10 coltlHcran their elcctor:tl ri\'als. Ovcr 1,800 arreslS were made - 1.300 more than occurred during Ihe \·iolelH World Trade Organization protCStS in $callie, Protestors jeered at police and e:llk-d them "pigs ..' M:lmud ing proteslOrs t~unlLxl convention delegates at rcs taurants and 011 sidewalks. ft

They tried 10 take o\'cr hotc1lobbies. They even shul down traffic in Times Sc.l uare. In one alterc..1tion, protestor~ brutally beat a police officer.

John Kerry'S concessIon speech aL FaneUl1 Hall ,n Boston

Some Democmts were also willing 10 allack the very sovereignty of lhe United [t s110ttl<l have disrttrhed States. Dernoc r;IL~ when Europc;rns tried 10 imerfere in the c1cctioll hy hillging their willingness to Sttpl>Of! America in Ira{1 on who won dtc presidency. Instead, DcmocratS actually WeIcOr1ll-d this intcrrerence. They proudl)' repeated these Europe;ln threals as ir such Stalell1t:I1IS bolstcrcd Mr. Kerry's credentials.

Loss of Moral Values Liberalism has become:t divi~i\'e ideology, During the campaign. Senator John Edwards sl>oke of I 'J50s-slyll' segregation as if it was still a thre:1I to conlel11l>omry America. He implied tlt:1I 1l00hing has ell.tnged si ncc the days of thc KKK night ridcrs. And spe~king to the Congr(·ssional

Hbck CauClis, Mr. Kerry said that President Bush was returning America 10 a segregationist age in which African-Americans would be greeted by a ~Do not entcr sign on the Witite Housc door. For deCides, libel'Jls have art:tckctllhe n.uion's cusloms and mor:"!1 \';llues. They ad"ocare 3 moral relativism. in which dll' question of what is moral or immor:rl becomes a mall cr or convenience or personal opinion. As Irving KriS101 oncc I>oignanriy noted, a liberal is someOlle who thinks il i~ permissihlc for an girl 10 perform ill :l pom film as long as she is paid the minimum wage. DemocT'Jts oft en appear 10 be clueless regarding the meaning of moral l'alul'S, Since they are often rductal11 to admit a religious cOI11 I>onenl , they sound like some shallow New "ge gmu - as Senator Bob Graham of Florida did whcn he said that Democratic values ineluded "love" and a "concern for others.~ Similarly. when Democmts criricized President Bush's '\'31ucs~ during the campaign. they rererTl-d to how much \';1cation he took and to the slowness of the government's proS<.'C ution of forme r En ron CEO Ken Lay. Liberals orren pOrtray "moral v:,lues" as the bigoted intolerance of religious f:1Il:llics. Thcy therefore cannOt underst:lIld such 1.1rgcr issues as the continued coarsening or our cuhure. Some liberals arl' bamed at the public's reaCtion to l lollywood cdebri ties. Mr. Kerry even rererrcd to Iiollywood as the "heart and so ul or America." In their cTtls;,de ag.tinst American traditions, DemocT'Jts dl'lI1onStralc a staggering cOlllcrnpt for American citizens. The Democratic Party therefore hums its chanet·s of ~ecuring elector:!1 success. Moreovcr. {his insensiti\'e and disrespectful ca mpaign against rill' \';(lllcS of m :lIly Americans :l5Sauits rill' I'ery socia! bonds needcd to sustain a nation as dil'er~(' :IS the United Statcs. ~ ft

- Pllrrid' M. ell"! is II pro[f"SSor (II tb~ o[Solftb DII/.:olI/ SrJmoJ Q[LlIIlJ


"In their crusade against American traditions, Democrats demonstrate a staggering contempt for American citizens. The Democratic Party therefore harms its chances of securing electoral success." Th<: Ripon Forum ' Winter 2005



An American Triumph Condi Rice is a success story - despite liberal attacks

Presodent Bush. nght. looks on as National SecurIty AdvIser Condoleezza Roce. lett. speaks to \he press. Bush annouOl:ed that RICe was hIS chOICe as Secretary of 5t<Jte BusIl tumed to hIS most trusted f()"elgn policy ad!1'5ef". RICe. to lead U S dIplomacy dUTlng hIS second term. replaCIng Secretary of St.ata ColIn Powell.

llleriC:l nS

rejoice that Condoleeu., Rice, eurrelH national securi ty adviser. is President George W. Illlsh·s choice to be his Secretary of State in his second rerm. [)emocrots. Republic:lns and all ethn ic grou ps can take tremendo us pride at this historic breakthrough. Black females were forced to cndure the hum iliatiOn of slavery. sl..-grl1ption :md the <llI;11 stigma of gender :lnd race; they arc now 1)cllctrating the upper edlelollS of powe r. O nce her nomin:uion is confirmed b)' t he Senate. Ms. Ri C(· will be Ihe (irSI AfriC:I1I·American fem:lle to be appoi nted 10 the highest diplom:uic pOSt in Ihe cOlLllIry. As thc most promine nt Cabinet memlx·r of the onl)' superpower lef. o n the globe, she will illIIs be the second mosr influemiallx'rson in the world. This is a st:lggering achien'melH for :1 l)Cople who. jusl ove r a cenm r),-and-a-h:l lf ago. wt're ofte n consid-





:11 rhc recelll an nounceme nt


el"(."(1 by thei r slave masre rs H human.


be "less than

Liberal Assault However, man y liberol pundits have :lcknowlc<lged this historic Illoment onl)' in tange ntial st:uel1lents. Instead. writers for

"I1N Nrw York Timtf. 1'/'1' BOHo" Globr. "I1,r Stll/ Fmllcisco ehTOllic1r. 17N Nrw StlllNllltlll. and Illany other publications have expressed dismay at the President's choice. "11Ie)' lament the end of Ihe lIlooerote and multilateralist in nuence of C oll in Powell in C,billet deliber;l1ions - even if his counsel was oflen ignored. [n contrast. Ms. Rice is a fen'ell! unila[cr:ll is!. She is accused of being Ol1e of the prime culprits in Ihe f.tilurt' to forestall Ihe 9/ 1J :II rocks. She is also portr.l)'ed as a pusho\"t'r - one who will implemelll Ihe Prcsi,k·lHs dict:lles blindly, who C:UlIlOt sland up 10 Vice I'rcsidelH Dick C heney and Defe nse Secretary Donald Www.

Rurnsfdd and whose only crite ria for office is that shc appears (0 be a s),cophall1ic mouthpiece for the Presidents idc;IS, For e"a mple. in an article in Thr Nflll Stattillli/I/, Andrew Stephen insists that she is "demonstrabl y incom petent " and has only o ne outstanding quality: " ;I r.l natica l dcvOlion 10 Bush. ~ In 77N Gllllfditlll, former Cli nto n aide Sidney Hlumcnt hal queslions her credentials altogether when he writes thaI Ms. Rice has ~filik,,(\ at evcry imporulH !;Isk as natio nal s(:c u rity ;td viscr." William Pfaff writes in 71" C/,arlm()II Gautt( ,h:u Ms. Rice ~ is weightless in \'(fas hinglOn. " The liberal pundit 5('C IllS (0 haw 10s1 all reason when he Slaies ,h:1I Ms. Rice is "a spt-'Ciaiisl in an academic subj t'C1 no longer ofintcrCSI, the Soviet U nion. ~ He even implies ,hal she h3S grem difficul ty dislinguishing belwcen deposed lra(]i diClalOr $:ld,b m H ussein :md former Soviet sHongm:ln Joseph Stalin . Many of Ihese dismissi,·c n' 1ll3rks do nO! widlSl":l.Ild scrUliny. The responsibiliry for the f.!ilure 10 an ticipa(l; the 9/11 atlacks must be borne by Ihe n:uion :,s a whole (s hortcomings of the previo us a<lminisn ation. intellige nce deficienc ies. etc.). Furthermore. after the altacks on America, Ms. Rice showl..-d the same steely rcsoh'e as President Hush; she was one of the most steadfil5l allies of the President at a time of national cri ~ i s. No r is she a mindless groupie: Ms. Ricc tutOI"(.-d President Hush in foreign policy d uring tile 2000 camp:l ign. Moreover. after 9/ 11. she demonstrated muc h flexi bili ty and c re:ltivu y: she reassessed he r pr~'Vious strictly realist view of foreign afF.airs and embrocoo new idc:ls for bold change in the Middle £as!. She helped to [,shion :lnd repeaw1l y reinforced H the " Bush Doctrine - the very winning SHategy tim h:ls been endorsed by the nation in the I:lst elenion. The charges of ~ incompc. enceH :lnd ~doci lir)'H do nOl reso nate. Ms. Rice was Ol1t' of Ihe mosl visible and anicub u.' members of the admi nislr.llion in "romOling the ]roq war. Allll'ric:l ns saw time :lnd again on n:llional Iclevision thar her knowit"(lge of The Ripon Forum · Wimer 2005

comempor.try e"ems and her arguments in (wor of the Presidem's 1>oIicy were I>oth he:H1fd! :md tilt' m:lrk of an independent, strong and imelligelll woman. In bct, those who know her besl within the administration call her the MVeI"et Ham mer," These wild accusations abo!H Ms, Rice's IIlCOmpCtl·nce are perh:lps an aHCmpt to obscure how effective I'residenl Bush has m'Cn at surpassing the Democrats :11 their most cherishcd str.ttcgy: ch:unpioning the cause of minorities. Since the 1960s, Democr.trs have used self-rightcous rhetoric to portr:l), themselves :!5 till" only party Ihat cares fOf oppressed grou ps. It is nonetheless the COP who has SlOlen Ihe thunder for two of the mOSt significam :ld\'anCl'S for ,\fric:l.n-AmeriC"JJ15 in the laSt quaTlcr<cnlUry: the appoi ntment of till· first black s«rct:lry of slate, r-,'Ir. Powell, and now the first female Africm-Americm sccret:lr)' of S1:lIe. By nominating Ms. Rice, President Bush is l·nsLirillg tk!t the GOP will con tin!u.' in the tralli tion of Abraham Lincoln as Ix·ing al tlH.' forefrom of :l(lv:mcing th{' C:l.lIse of Africm-AmeriC:l.ns. Henceforth, every Amaic:lI1 textbook will have MR{'public m alongside the explanation of how Mr. Powell and Ms. Rice rose to If she should run for prcside!ll or c\·l·n win the presidency in the fUflLl"(' - it will be Oil till' shoul<lcrs of ,I visionary President who placed her lal~nts in Ihe lIational spotlight. H

Running for President in 2008? During President Bush's sO'cond t . . rm, Ms. Rice will indt'Cd bce a plcthora of mammoth challenges that will test her mettIc. Forcmost on the lisf: sht· must fight the war on terror. help ensure that democracy takes root in Iraq and find a \\~J)' 10 gr:ldu:llly withdr:lw American troops. She 1l1ll51 d<':11 wilh the :!m·mpt to curtail ,he nllcll·ar ambitions of Iran, Syria and North Korea. She rm}' :tlso have 10 revise her foreign policy slog:l ll , " Punish France, ignore G('rm:l IlY, forgi\'l' Russia. ~ The 1:lllcr power is mo vi ng in an increasingly alHocr:llic dirl'Ction; her e)(pertise in this area will Ix: an itl\"Jluable aS5C1. \VIc h,I\'e sccn th:1I Ms. Rice can he an unflinching defender of the national interest, but in I'R'Sident Bush's sccon<I,,'rm she must now demonstraTe that she can be :1 bridgc-buil(ler 100. Early this year, Pre~ id e llt Bush h:ls C'Jlled fo r a mel·ting of EUfop·ean leaders: dlis will be an opportlmi.

The Ripon I'orurn • \XIint("r 2005

fy to address the tarnished rd:uionship of the laSt four yea rs. Also. negotiations on the Israel-Palestinian conflict will resume at a conference schcdllk'd to occur in October: the dealh of l'ak'Stini;m leader Vasser Araf.1I presents an opportunity to bring stability to the regio n. Ms. Rice has the chance to make a lasting impact 011 isslles that 11a\·e overwhelmed many of hcr predecessors. If Ms. Rice forges a Iqpcy ,IS a formidable secretary of state, she will be catapulted i11l0 the from mnks of contenders for the Republic:ln nomination in 2008. As the s lm~wd analyst, Dick Morris. dedar~d on I~x News, she has all tIl{, :lUributes to win both the nomination and Ihe presidency in 2008. In (1Ct, her candid:tcy cm 1>Olel1lialI)' be a nightmare incarn.u·c for Democrars: Ms. RiC(' C:l.n appeal both to the l'\"JngdiC:l.l and hawkish RepubliC:l.n hase, to rhe moderates in the nation. to ,III minorities. to women and to businns groups. E\·cn the most idl'alistic lil)(:ral citi/.em will vote for her, They arc not likely to squander the chance to clcct both the first female and the first black as U.S. prc~i(1c11l: such opportunities occur perh:lps Ollce in a generation. During the next four rears. all eyes will therefore be on this new star on the horizon. Man}' Delllocr:ns arc al ready sharpening dleir kni\'es in all :lttempt [0 destroy her repw:Hion before her momen· 111m be<:omes unstopp:!blc.

Is Rice a 'Race Traitor'? While Ms. Rice i ~ an olltsc:H1di ng choice a~ seCret;lry of st;lIt-. Republicans mUSf nonethd es~ take ht't:d of a POt'·lIIi:llly powerful assaulr on her character. Dcspit(· the historic and potentially long-I{'rm impacr of this nomination, Ms, Rice is ofll"ll lalllbastl-d by African-AmeriC:l.ns. The chairman of the NAACI~ Juli,Ul nond, expresse(1 his appro\":I.l of :t C:l.rtoon th;1I depictc<1 Ms. Rice :I~ a ··m\lrderer.~ And the Black COI1/11U'lIIl1for, ;1 weekly magazinc, labekd he r as "the purest expression of race lraitor.~ The b tter is a charge that has consisteml y pl:lglled Ms. Rice in her ml'leoric ri ...... Mosl African-Am('Tican~ have 1101 relished her success lor she is I>crceived as one who is inaflemiw 10 their concerns and who may ("Veil Ix :l.Shallll-d of her herirage. It is difficult to imagillc other minori· tics - such as JC\\'s or Hispanics - bei ng as merciless in their panis:mship :IS African· Arm·ricam have bel'n in as~essing Ms. Rin·. In simi lar circumst:ltlC<·s, other minorities have l"xercised 1110re restr:lim. Fur cxa mw,,,'w.riponsoc,org

pic. regardles~ of their particular po litical convictions, J ew~ celcbrated the appoimmCIll of I-J('nry Kissinger as the first Jewish secret:!Ty of state. Furthermore, C.1tholics, both Democrat and Republican. rejoicl"(1 3t the \'ictory of John F. Kennedy wht'n he bcclme the first Catholic president of the Uni tc<i Statc.~. And Poles around Ihe world were jubilant when Zbigniew BrlC.'7.inski ....'3S :Ippointcd as President Jimmy Cancr's national securit y adviso r. M:l.ny of those who h:tve occn persecuted umlerst;Uld th:n the triumph of one - even if orTer,'t1 .IS a roken or :1 reprcsem.nion - marks progress for :111 within the oppressed group becwse till' road is thereby paved for more radic,11 future ch~nge. Yet, Ms. Rice is TeS(·med by m:1ny Afric:ul-AmeriC:l.ns beca use in their view, her SUCCl'SS is garnercrl by selling-olll their culture to a hwhite csrabl ish tllcnt.- This eSl:lblishml'nt, they maintain. refuses to fully ac knowledge the historic wrOl1gs inflicted (In blacks. Moreover. bl:lcks believe ,hat the 1l1ajority of Americans regard African-American cu lture :IS inferior. According to African-Americ:IIlS, Ms. Rice has risen not in spite of being black. but beca!be she is consrantly in denial ofil. Hence, her success is percci\·ed as :! sh:allow vlcwry. Till'S/: "scll-out ,. charges are cx[('Ssive and h:! rsh. Individuals should ha\'e the right 10 cultivate their tall"lIlS, regardless of whedwr dll" skills aClluir{'d advance tilt' itH(·rcSl' of their ethnic group. And. ,·very iudividu.II is not morally obligated to assume the m:ul1ll" of r(·dressing hislOric wrongs, M~. Rice :and all Afrit"";m-Americltl' ought 10 he emitled to dcfine thetllsckes as tlll'"y s,:e fit - withom being ostraci7cd by those who disagree. Such constant pr~'Ssure to conform simply amounts to a lack of toler:II1Cl' and a violation of individual freedOni - the very principles Afric:UIAmericans so fervently cll:ltllpion.

Affirming African-American Culture There is nonethdess a grain of tnttll to chargl'S ag~inst Ms. Rice. If R(·publiC:l.ns wish 10 win :1 larger ponion of the bbck VOIl', till',}' nmst open thei r hearts and lIlind~ 10 wille of the criticisms of Ms. Rice. It cannot be denied thar ~he docs not .'PI)C,tr 10 alfirtn her cuhure nor has she rt~ell 10 high olfice h.lSCd on promoting th ~ interests of AfricalH\mericans. Rather, sh~ is :l specialist on fo rl"ign :lfE,irs and h(·r ellli -



Cover Story: An American Trium h IleneI.' is du t' 10 her command of both the :m s :md hisl'Ory of Ihe West. In short , her SI:lllIS is t'xquisircly her own - ra!llt'r th:ln tim of lht' collectivity from which she cmanatl·S. Ms. Rice grew lip in segregated Alabama within a Republican household. Her personal formarion came at a lime when it appt:ared that one of the best ways 10 mitigate racial tensions was to adopt the color-blind pbilosophy advocated 1110St vociferously by Martin Luther King Jr. Her bther. R('.... John Wesley Rice, ta ught her to disregard color :md to cuitiv:He Iler skills. She therefore took up b:l11et, figure Sk:lIillg and pi:lIlo lessons - excelling in these encle:wors. This \V:IS m:ltched by an outs talHling :lcadcmic record. She gr.ldllatl.'d from Denver UniwrsilY at the age of 19. She then completed a PhD in intern:l.lional relalions :l nd is :In expen on the former Soviet Union. She consislend y acbic\'ed distinnion : :11 age 38, Ms. Rice W:lS Ihe yo ungest IHOVOSt of Stanfor{1 Univ{'rsiry: sh{· was the first female to S(,'rve as While H ou~e n3tional sccurity adviscr: and now at :lgc 50 shc is sl;ued to become Ihe next secrel.lty of qate. This is indce<1 impre.~sive. Hut , her Afriem-American heritagt' h:15 nOI been a visible part of her ascension. Many Amcricans might vit'w Ih is as dll' achievcmelll of an increasingly colorblind societ), and as Ihe fulfill111cIII of a grc:1l dream. Yet. man y African·AnH."riculS di~agrt:e: they regard the color-bl ind philo~­ ophy as outdated. '10 be color-blind, they :Irglle, obscures the reality ,hat Africa nAmericans ha \'e been and continue to be perseCUTed based on their skin color. Funhermore. it is an attempt to abnegate their unique history and cultu re. Fi nally. the color-blind philosophy means that. despile the f.1('1 dIal for cenw ries African-AmeriGlns h;J\'e been denied equ;l l indi vidual rights and ha ve been Ix: rsecUled based on stereotypes of their collecti ve identity, they m USt now suddelll), embr.lce thc docTrine of imlividu:!1 riglll:s and pro:tcnd Ihat the las t few Iltllldred years di<1 not occur. In Iheir view, ro be colorblind is to 3Sk them [0 be JUSt plain blind to reality. They arc not like othl.'r minorities who vol unt':J.rily carne to these s llOft.'S , till"}' insist. Inslead . their unique colleCTive I}(.'rseOllion shal)C(1 thei r history and culture. Tll is c lllnm sudden ly Ix: erased. African-A111l'ricans do not wis h other Americans to ignorl.' thaI they arl' black -


JUSt as Jews, Hisp:mio. :Illd woml.'n do not wish lheir history or Ihei r distinctive characteristics 10 Ix: suppressed. This does nOI mean thai African-A mericans arc self-pity· ing victi ms. who are looking for govern· ment hand-ours. Insll'ad. Iheir deepest aspiration is to be treated with dignity and to be: :lCcepted Oil Iheir own (erms. This mcans not tdling them to o\'erlook thei r color (their color is pl:lin for all to sc:e and is bcautifnl): not constantly asserting the superiority of European culture over theirs; not remailling ignorant of their contributions 10 American IlislOry and of AfriC:1Il contributions to world history: not Ix:ing oblivious 10 the problems in their communiti('S (as both candidares w('re during the Glmpaign): and nor regarding :111 things white as good and ;III things African or bhck as inadequate. For, in the fin al analysis, it is unbir and impractical 10 taci tl y ask AfricanAmericans 10 bc some kind of - blank" who ab twg:uc who Ihey are and where rhl'y come from i u order to be full y accepted. M s. Rice is rese11led because she a ppea rs 10 adopt .m individualisl cthos and seems 10 be willing to 5Wl'CP the AfricanAmeriGln herirage under the rug. For example, there is a wdl·known :Ulcc(lote rcbloo to Ms. Rice's umlergradu:lIe days. In con· froming a proles.sor who implied Ihar bbcks were intelk-clually inferior, ~he replied: ~ I speak French; I play Bach. I'm heller at your culture t h ~n you are. ~ T his is a tclling statement: Is the path to acce ptance 10 adopt the CUllllfC of one's previolls oppres· sors without ailirming onc's Own culru ml heritage? Today, this :lIlillldc of Ms. Rice I}(.'rsists. It is widel y known that President !lusll is especially fond of Ms. Rice becausc they share a similar r.. . ith and a passion for fool ball. She is a fmluer1l dinner guCSt at the Bush household and a dear bmily fri end - hUI . on what terms? The close person:!1 relationship that rhe Pr('sidem and Ms. Rice share is ind(-ed lovely. However, there arc slill profound limir~­ lions within the Republican Party when it comes to undersl:tt1ding amI elllbr.lCing Ihcir fellow AfriGlII-Americ.m countrymen and country wom(·n. An analogy will prove Ihc point. In a wcll-known 1967 movie, elllirled "CU{"Ss Who's Coming 10 Dinner?" Sydncy Poi rier plays a black doctor who falls in lo\'e with all lIppcr-c b ss whill' woman. Hl.' r pare ms, pbYl-d by K.lIh t' rine Hepburn and Spencer Tmcy, arc :11 flr~ t not willing to

adOlowlcdgc this imer-fa cial relatio nship. The 11I0vie nonetheless ends with (he yo ung man being :admittcd into the household; ('ven his pal'l'IHS :m~ we1conK-d to dinner. HOwl...·cr, these "black people" :Ire accept-

able 10 !Ill: upper-class filmil)' only if they appear to make no mention of (h(>lr OWII heri tage: they must simply be generic. bland . homogenous Amcricam who h:I"" a di fTe rcm skin tone. That is aki n to telling a woman she is equal to :1 man except for Ihe f30 Ih:1( she has motherl y traits - which many women believe afC fundamental and ofTen ull{icni· :tblc :ISpCCIS of their dail y ('xistt ncc.

Hence, Ms. Rice has been welcomed



ncr. 13U1 at the presidential table. docs she affirm her culwn.' and usc her influence 10 bring :HU: rlIion 10 til e many isslies (lear 10 African-Anlericans? ESM'lHiatly, African-Americans w:mt to be rccogniud as distinct withom pity or condc.scension: they are bbck and proud of it. The COP therefore bees a colossal challellge: if Republicans wish to at(r~l c t more bl:!ck vo tl.' rs. Ihey must dl.'viS(' policies th:lt aPl'cal1O African-AmeriGlIl scntimentS :lIld concerns wi lilOut forsak ing the party's cherished principle of personal rl.'Sponsibility.

An American Milestone Rcgardbs of Ihis admonition. there is Ihe dangt'r of havi ng all ent irely a-IIiSlOri· cal ami unn:alistic asscssmetll of Ms. Rice', catl'Cr. ~C u css Who's Coming 10 Dinner?~ was a landmark film in ils rime. Simibrly. it is ungrnciolls \0 vicw the Amaica n glass as :dways onl y half full. Ms.'s nomitlJtiol1 brings glory 10 African-Americu1S. is a fulfillmelH of the deepest aspirations of Ih ~ Constitution and is livi ng proof 11131 the Amcrican Drea m is :lcccs.sible 10 all. Motl'Over. the door to ,he \'Vhil~ House is now wide opl'n and African-American prosp<:Ct'S will o nl)' comi nue 10 improvc. Hence, Ms. Rice mllSI be cdebratc.xI as a pion(."('r at the l'rcsidem's table - both lit erall y :lIld metaphorically. Thc nc)!:r /\fricanAmerica n who rises to high office will diclate IIie menu. For now. lei us rake heed of the lessons that emerge from this debate whil~ joi ning in 11:lI ion:1.1 jubilatio n at a remark:ible American triumph. CI


Dr. Gmu Vi/oro is 1/ profi'ssor ofhistory at Howi/rd UlIilli'rsity. rtadltd lit [l'lIolO@holl'Ilrd.,dll


TIl<: Ripon Forum ·



,_. L ,. --....--'.






The Architect Karl Rove and the new GOP coalition By Stephen F. Manfredi

f there is one thing that 311 good political strategIsts understand. it is thaI


winning clcoions rcquircs alli:Hlccs.

Grc;\{ political SIr:Hcgis IS can rell you whom to befriend and how. Enter Karl Rove. \Vhilt dle elllire na!1on c:tgerly

awaited rhe results on Election Night 2004, Mr. Rove h:ld already informed the President of his Te-election. Confined!O his scif-dcscribt·J ~ batca\'c" for mosl of the evcni ng, Mr. Rove SpCIlI the night alone, crunching precinct r(,llIrns and matching aClual vOles to his projections. Ikfon.: any \'<"Icvision network could predict a winner in the dec isive swing

Mr. Rove had confidently notified rhe President thaI Horida and Ohio were Hush country. [n his victory speech, President Geo rge W/. Bush dubbed Mr. Rove "'the architect" of his re-election victory. Mr. Rove has ol'er 3 0 yeJrs of political ex peri ence o n bckllf of Republica ns and now, two pn;."s idelHi~1 election victories under his belt. This student of Rl'publican strategist Lee Atw:Ul'f :Hld admin'r of President W illiam McKinley's politiCl1 ~dv i so r j\'brk "!anna call legitimately claim for himself a phce in history. Hut he won'\. Thc :IJopte{1 'Iexan lacks thc lexas-sizcd ego that olle would expect from \'VashinglOn's most powerful politictl StT;IICgtSI. This is probably bccHisc l'vlr. Rovc has mor(" of a historical outlook th~n you r average political opcrative. \'(' hile winning elections is his cxpcrtise and livelihood . he docs not think 1!1 increments fro III Novcmber to November. Instead , Mr. Rove thinks in terms of generations and political movements. He is a big picture guy. An(1 it is this sense of hislOry Ihal makes him unique.. :lI1d distinctly successful.. in the world of politic~. Mr. Rove underS[;lnds th:iT successfu l political movements require a broad coal ition. ~nd rh;lt they uk..: decades to ensconce thei r motivating ideals. For this reason, his uhimafe goal is to cre;lte :ltl enduring Republican m3jori ty, onl' tlt:lt will l:lst for


The Ripon Furum ' Wimtr 2005

tlK"" next 30 to 40 years. lixby's politic31 vlCtones arc just battll's WOII III a larger am p:lign to entrench :l conserv:ltive agencia :lnd a Rt:public:ltl majority. Politics is the an of the possible. And huilding a ne twork of :llIies is viral 10 any lllovcmem's success. Mr. Rove looks 10 history for :lflirmation . McKinley's s1r.ttcgist Mark Hanna forged an alliance bctween we:llthy industrialists and urb:m worken based on mriffs and the gold st:lndard. III doing so, McKinley defeated the populist William Jennings HrY:ln in the 1896 campaign . creat ing a RepubliCl n m:ljorit)' thar l:lsted until the Great Depression. Thl' ecoIlomic collapse of thc 1930s allowed FOR's Democr.tts to weld together a broad coali tion that lasted for tle,Hly 40 years. But with thl' New Deal coalition fr:lCtured beyond repair, wllar will take its pi:tCl'? The SUCCl'SS of the modern conservative movemeJ1t and Rcpublic:ln majorities in both chambers of Congress suggcst more than a tilt 10 the RighI in American politics. Mr. Row illtends on making sure that this riglltw3rJ turn is institutionali1A'd hy cre:uing :In l'ndurin g Republic:ln t1l3jority. If President Ron31d Re3g:l1l Gl1l be credite(1 with giving Republic:llls power, Presidetl1 Bush :lnd Mr. Rove can be credited with trying to Illake Republicalls dominant. Though cotll1llittL""<l 10 cer1:l in corc Republic:l1I principles, Mr. Rove realizes Ihat F~olicy and politics tllllst be c:lrefully coord in:l\cd. For Republicans 10 hold power and enact their :Igenda. they must not only get their base to the polls. but :llro make :Illiances with snange bedfdlows. Attempting to srratl'gic:tlly amputate segments of the D emocrat ic coal itio n, Mr. Rove has beell ;1Il ~lV id supporter of m:lIl)' pol icies thaI :Iren't usually :associated with conserv3t lsm: • The Bush administration's $190 billion F.trm bill , considere<] :a prim e c.x:unplc of government pork h)' budgel hawks, gre:1tly expanded subsidies to f:utllers while firming up su ppOrt for Pr('sidetll Bush in the Midwest. www.rlponsOC".org

• In violation of his free trade policies. President Bush levied t:lriffs against foreign steel producers. Though unpopula r with his base, Presidt"nl Bush's policy undefcur the Dcmocral"s' suppOrt al1long union workl'fs - l'SI>eci:tll y in key indUStrial Sl"ates like Ohio :lnd Wl'St Virgini:"!. • Despite c:llls frolll Congressional Republicans for :l tighter immigration policy, Mr. Rove's Hisp:lnic outreach effort has led him to become an unab:lshed champion of :In open border policy wilh Mexico. • The MediC:lre Modernization Act . a $534 billion progranl. angered much of Pres ident Hush's base . but lncre:l~\'d his share of the seniors VOtC while inoculating Republicans from Democrati c :trtacks. In the Nove mber electioll, 4 million Chrisrian conserv;1tives, who prcviously did nOI vote in 2000 , wellT to the polls and vOled overwhelmingly for President Blish, and for the Ro ve"e ndo rsed gay m:"!rri:lge ban ndcrendums un 11 state bailors. Mr. Rove rC:KIll'd beyond the Republic3n base :lS President Bush saw gains amollg sen ior citizens.. bl:lcks, Jews and women. PresidetH Hush also incre:lsed his share of the C atholi c vote by :In impressive 5 percent :lnd capntn:.""<l over 40 percent of the Hisp:ln ic vote. In the end, I'residt. tl\ Bush beat Sell:ator John Ktrry by .3..5 million votes :l11(1 receivcd 8.5 million more votes Ihan he: had in 2000. Republicans also increased {heir majoriries in both the House and Sen:!te. These results speak fur themsdves. Mr. Rove's s trategizin g is paying hig dividends for the GOI~ One question rem:ains: If Mr. Rove succe('ds III creating all enduring RcplI]'lic:!n majority, JUSt how conservative will it :tclu:llly be? VI ~ Stephen F M(lI/jrdf is {be po/itim/ editor (1/ Thr Ripon Forum





The Upcoming Republican Agenda An interview with Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist By Stephen E Manfrt-di has carn l.J his right to be ill the chamber. However, J thi nk it would be inaccurate to claim Ihat his mere repurarion will cam him .my prcfcrcruial treaUllcm or inAucncc. O n e of the reasons the Sen.ue is fqprdcd as the "world 's gn.'llcsl dc1ibcr:lIil'c l>ody" is thai each of its members has a \'oicc and a \'OIC, and each wields equal and significl11l inAucncc in the Icgishni\'(· proc~.

irs! elected fO the U.S. $en:lIc on November 8, 1994, Hill Fris!, lcnllcsSl.'t' Re publican. W:lS the only


challenge r to dcfc:11 a full-term incumbent in 1994 and the first practicing physician elected 10 the Sen ate since 1928. Dr. Frisl

was rc-dcctcd


a second term in 2000 in

the Uni ted St'iltCS Scn:uc by the I:UgCSl I'ot(' IOral ever received by :1 candid:llt: for statewide election III the hiswry of Ten n("SSl"C. Dr. Frist was born and raised in Nashville. He grad uated in 1974 from Princeton Uni\'ersit)' where he spcciali7.ed in heahh c ue polic), :1\ the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Aff;l;rs. [n 1978 he grad uated with honors from Harvard Medical School a nd spent the next se\'en years III surgical tr:lining :11 M::lSSachuseus General Hospital; South.ullpton Gener.!! Hospital. SOu t h:ullplOn, England: and Stanford Uni\'ersiry Medical Cemer. He is board certified in bOlh genera[ surgery and he:m surgerr Dr. Frisl h:ls risen f:,pidly through $ell:lle k·ader~hip. [n 2000. he W:IS ulI:lI1imOllsly elected eh:li rm:m of die N:uiou:il Republican S(,lmorial Commilll"C for the 107th Congr('ss and ill D('celllber 2002 was unanimously eleclt-d MajorilY Lead('r of die U.S. Senale. He also curn'1II1y serves on Ihe following cornmit ll'es: I=inallce; Rules: Health. Educalioll, Labor and Pensions. Dr. Frin is married and h:ls t1m'C children. T he Senate Majorit), Leader kindly agreed to an irnerview. \~e wish \'0 Ihank his staff for their coopcr:tlion and generosity in making the interview po!>.'>ible.

RF : Will a larger RcpubJicm majority ha\'e Ihe eff,,-'Ct of ~changing the tone" in the Scn:lIe? Frist: I'm oplimiSlic th:1I we can reslOre 10 the Sen:ut- the bip:lflis:lI1shi p th:u wilt help mow AmeriCI forward. We must pull togeilwr to pUI illl' good of tlu,: country ahe:1d of pan is:mship and in-fighting. ['m


HF: Many exl>Crts believe Ihal pro. lifc social COnSer\'ati\'CS played a decisil'C' role in getting Prcsidelll George W. Hush and Republicans elected 10 officC' on Ek-ction Da),. Will there be any specific lcgisJJlive action in the Senate to ban abortion and \l10V~ towards overturning Roe v. Wade?

Senate MalOl"lty Leader 8,11Fnst

hopeful that obstructionists will lake nOle of the Novemher elt.'Ctiolls ami let the will of the American people hold SW:1)'.

RF: Should Democrats reg:1 rd the (!cfeal of for mer Senate Minority Leader Tom Daschle by GO P c hallenger John Thune as a referendulll on their obstructionist ractics? Frist: The November elcctions scm a dcar message to all senators: Americans are tired of obstructionislll. They \'r.Illt r,,-'Sults. I will do everything in my power 10 move legislalion that will improve Ihe livcs of all Ame ricans.

Frist: Si nce becoming a majoriry 10 years ago. the I-lollS<: and Senate have moved legislation to ban partial-binh abortion. Laci ami Connor's law that amends federal law 10 ~Illow a separate penall), when an unborn chil(1 is kilk-d in the com mission of a violel1t crime agai nsl his or her mOl her. :lIld parenral notificalion. [ expect that tli(· Congress will contin ue to pursue common-sense ~Ind mai nstre~lJll Ame ricall valll('s like those embodied in thesC' bws.

RF: WIt:u arc Ihe three most imporr.lllt pil'Ccs of legislation )'ou ho pe 10 bring 10 a vOle in 2005? Frist: There ;lTe a number of prioril ics. In th,' next Congrcss we will cominlle 10 work to strenglhen the econom)', improve heahh care for all Americans and bolster our homeland s(''Curir), and military 10 ensure our safety here and abroad.

HF: \'(fill Senator-eleCl John Thune's reputaliol1 as a ~gianr killer" innuenc~ the role he plays in the Senate?

RF: [s there enough support in Ihe Sen:ne for a major overhaul of the tax s}'stem, and wh:u sp'CCiflc reforms - a nat tax. ;\ Iialional sales tax, a federal consumption {ax should such :1 bill fe;ilure

Frist: Certainly we arc exci ted 10 h:lv(,' John Thune join li S in the Senalc. He ran :1 ha rd-fough t aud principled c;LJ1)p~lign. and

Frist: II is tOU early 10 rell. We will have to see what the Blish a(lmiliistra(ion putS forward :lIld if Ihey put together a cOlllmiss ion

The Ripun

f'(lrul1l '

Wiruer 2005

to recommend proposals. That said, Congress has not reformed the tax code since 1986, and t herefore the time is ripe for an overhaul.

The Alternatiw Minimum ·r:1X (AMT) is something that wjll likely force refo rm as well. Too many Americans are becom ing subject to this tax. Although the AMT was o riginally designed 10 prevent high.income taxpayers from escapi ng Iheir ~Fair" share of the income tJX bur<len, the re will be a signifiCllH increase in the number of middle to uppcr -middle income taxpayers affected by til<: AMT In 1999, about I million taxpayers were affected by the AM1: but estimates indicate that by 201 3, if the t'ax reductions conr.lined in the Economic Growth and 13x RelieF Reconcili:uion Act oF2001 are not madl' lX'rmanent , dWIl 41 million t3Xp3yers will bl' subject to the AMT

HF : President Bush has made privatizing Social Security J centerpiece of his ~owner­ ship society." Arc the American people going to gel a modernized Social Security system during the [091h Congress and what will it look like? Frist: Again, this is a hard issue 10 predict. But il is one we must tackle. The basic pn::mlse behmd Social Security is simple: we pay into the system during our working years, vi;1 the payroll tax, and receive benefits when we retire or become disabled. I rem:lin cummiltl'd 10 protecting this l111pOnant program. Unfortuna tely, however, the Social SecuriTY Trust Fund is facing insolvency. The impending retirem('11[ of the baby boom gencr:llion, projt.'Cled increases in life eXlll,,(;l~n cy and declining biflh r:lles contribUle 10 longer-lasting imbalances in Ihe syslem. [n (\CI. the number of workers per recipient is predicted to f~1I 10 2.3 in 2025. If no reform is ellact<:<l, rhe truSTfun ds will be e);h,lusled in 20 42. By 20[ 8, the system is projected to run a c\sh flow deficit. Structural change is Ilccess,lry if Social Sl'Cllrity is to exist for our children and our gra ndchild ren.

Hl": M;II1Y fiscal conservatives have bl't'n critictl of what rhey sel' :1$ out-of-comrol spending by Congressional Republicans . What Steps will be raken by Congress to reduce hudgl,t dclicits in the coming year?

TIlt' Ripon Foruill ' \'(Iimer 2005

Frist: We have ;llready taken some posi[il'e steps this year 10 comrul spending when we passed the final spending package. It fully complies wi th the spending ra rgets agre(.J to by the Congress and the administr,1(ioll, totaling $821.9 billion in FY05 discn:"tiona ry spending. This represents a ffl'Cze or zcro percelll growth in no n-defense discretionJry spendi ng. In the next Congress, we will h,\ve to work ve ry hard to enaCt a budget resolution that putS us on a path 10 Cut the deficit. I am slITe the Presidelll's 2006 budget proposal will propose :1 dramalic reductio n in the deficit as well. W ith his leadership. I believe we can CUI the ddlcil, bUT it will require hard work and extenSIve cooperatIOn among all branches of gove rnment.

HF: As M;\joriIY Leader, what will you do protect Ihe American people from the grave rhreat posed by [('rrorism? 10

Frist: The United States must employ all components of its national power - intclligencl'. law enforcement, diplolnacy and the military - 10 defend tlw nation and defeat the terrorists. We mllst cont inue to improve our hOllleland security. reForm the intelligence comnlllll ity, and remain on th!: offensive agai nst terrorists. It is always better 10 fight terrorists abroad rather than here at ho me. The President is doing all of these Ihings and more. I intend, as M:ljoriry Leader, to keep lilt' Ame rica n people saFe Jnd protect our great nation by providing the President with illt' allthorities and rl'sources hc n('Cds, ensuring the Senate perForms its constitutional roll' as IV(' wage this global war, and offering my own ideas and initiatives as appropriate 10 ensure success. ItF: How should America address Iran's nuclear progr.ull? h milit:lry intervention ,I viable option?

Frist: 1r:IIl's nucle;lr :Kl!I' tneS :Ire a grave concern and a threJ t t'O the United Slates. They have violated tll!:ir obligJtions under the Nuclear Non proliferation Treaty, and hav{' f:liled to live up to olher cOlllmitments they have lllJde. We I11I1St work with our friends and allies to cOllvillCC Iran to giVl' up ils n uck'ar ambitions. Failing that, we illUSt consider other means, such as lllultil:i1cral sanctio ns and {·mbargocs, to impl'de tht"ir efforts and

pressure them 10 rdent. Iran's nuclear activities. coupled with lheir efforts co bu ild long-range missilcs, will pres('llt a major threat to U.S. forces in the Persian Gulf region, our rriends and allies in the area, and to rhe United States itself iF their am bitions arc realized. \'ile must not ;llIow Inlll to get to tlut Imint. We Illust keep the international spotlight on their activities, push the United Nations and Internation;\1 AtOmiC Energy Agency to take ;1 more aggressil'e pOStllre, and e ngagc the Iranians on multiple fronts. Wilh regard 10 mil it:!ry ilHervention, such considerations are prcmature but should neve r be takl'n ofT the tablc.

RF : Yuu havc been outspoken in your opposition 10 the colllinued filibustcring of Hush judicial nominccs by DClllocrat's. IF this issuc Jriscs again, will you changc Senate rulcs to prel'CIH such filibusters or go through more traditional cha nnels. slich as the 35 homs of comilluous debate that the Seillte held last yell' to draw public ane l1 tioll to ])('[llOcratic obstruction? Frist: It is critical that the unprcccdcllIcd Democratic filibuster of the President's judicial nommees be stopped. Never before has a judicial nOIllIl1('C with m~jorilY support been denied ;\n up-or-down votC dlle to a filibuster. The Senate traditions IllUSt be reStOred so til(' Senate can do its duty, our government can runc tion, Jnd America can move forward. HF: Art, you considering running for Presidelll in 2008?

FriM: I'm nor sure what I'll do aftl·r I leave the Senate, bur I'm pretry cerrain that whatever I do it will invoke medicine. I'm honored to serve in the Senate and rill proud to be:1 pan of a Iltllnber of efforts 10 truly illlprOV{' the quality of life for millions of individuals. I'm focused on Iny work now Jnd will give greater thought to my future as my deparrure from the Senate grows nearer, whet her that be serving in :I medical mission, working at a medical collcge with students or som e other role in public service. C'1I

- Sttphfll F. Mal/fiw/i is the po/itim/ ediror ofThr Ripon F/Jntl1l


Saving Social Security Reform is needed now to ftx program By U.S. Represemali\'e Mark Foley urre1ll1)" fOf evefy three workers conIribUling 10 Social Sl"Curity thert~ is o ne reliree f('ceiving benefit s paid for by Ihose workers. In the com ing years, as Ihe 79 millio n "baby boomers" begin reliring in 2008. there will be nearly twice :IS ma ny older Americans as there an' IOday r('ducing the worker, reliree mlio to less Ih:tt1 2 10 J. This mea ns Ikl\ in the very lIear future, evcntually there will be mOfe people in need of bene/ilS than Ihere will be workers to pay fo r Ihem. Th:11 math JUSt won't add up. Social Security is one of tltt, greatest achiel'emellls of the American governnlelll . prot eCti ng our elderl y aga inst pover, ty and ass uring yo ung pl'Oplc of a more secure ftllllre fo r more Ihan 60 yeafs. Mistakenly, many people beliel'e Ihat the Social $('CuriIY taxes they pay are held in in ll.'reM-beari ng :ICCO\llHS eanll;lrked for their own fmuTt" relirt"lllent needs. The fuci is thai Social Security is a pay-as-yougo retir('me1ll system - the Social St"curity taxes paid by loday's \\'orkt'rs and their employers arc use(1 to pay the benefit s for wday's n:tirees and oll1('r bencfici:lries . That system will only work if theft· :tn: morl' pl'Ople paying 11110 Ihe system tll:11I rece lvl11g bendit s from It. Unforlun :l1 c1y. AmaiC:I's d t mographics arc changing and pbei ng this syslem's future in jeop:mly. Managers of the Social St"curiry Trusl Fund prediCt thai. unltss current law is changed. Soci,11 Sl'CurilY will be b;mkrupt



This upcoming Congress offl'rs our ," nat ion the opportunity 10 strengthen the retirt'mclll securi ty of all our eiti"LCns by I providing common-sense reforms. " [n t~king up these reforms, we mUSt prot ect the seniors who h:we alre~d}' p~id illm the system and ensure that their benellts arc not reduced or put in jeopardy. No reforms sho uld eh:mge an y of th e bellefit s of those currently receiving them . I~y educating the public abo ul the rt al IK't'd for reform and the intemions of Congress, we can d ear the big£est hurdle 10 cre:lIing mom entum behind Ihese reforms: fe:l r. All reforms should minimize risk, ensu re freedo m o f cho ice and enable Social Securi ty 10 cominue ilS role in protecting America's famili es if a breadwinner retires, suffers an injury or d ies, us Representst/Ve Marlo: Foley President George \V. Bush has made in 204 2, when payroll taxes collected for reform 10 tht New Deal-tra re ti ree safety net a priori ty. Ht, has fram ed his refo rms Social Security will be in ~ um cie nl to cover the progr,un's costs. as a way of crcating :m atmosphere conUnfonutl alcly, roo 1I1 :II1 Y people h :lVt' ducil'l' 10 savin g and expanding ownership fo r om nation's workers. H is plan calls decided (hat Social Security is the "third rail " of politics - that is, who ever tO uches for limi led and stable personal account s in tht, issue to fix the prohlem will be pol iti- which workers can invest a portion of their cally killed in the process. T har mindset Social SecurilY laxes. Other prol)Qsals h:wc called fo r lax has allowed precious ti mt 10 slip aW:ly :IS CUIS for those who invest dirl'Ctl y in 111;Hth e oncomi ng problem only gels closer. A stronger Republ ican majority in ket investments, allowing wo rkers 10 own C ongress and a President coming orr an their relirement assets. \Vhatevt'r the proposals, we must impressive victo r}' in Nove mber, hOll'el'er. may allow us 10 fin ally confront Ihis prob- keep twO core principles as o ur guide: Ensuring the finan cial healrll of Social lem. St'Curity and preserving the benefit,s of current benefi ciaries and older workers. I~y doing tilis. we will be able IQ fi x Ihis problem and protcCI Ihe rCliremcO! secu rit)' of Americans fo r Ihe next gen(,falion. Thai kind of ;lClion will make Ihe m;l1h work, ~



"Whatever the proposals, we must keep two core principles as our guide: Ensuring the financial health of Social Security and preserving the benefits of current beneficiaries and older workers. By doing this, we will be able to fix this problem and protect the retirement security of Americans for the next generation." 20

w w ..... ,


R~p .

Mark Fofry is a NorM'1

R~pllbfiran lind m~mb~r of '''~ H Ollff \%ys (Illd A-/(,(IIIS COlf/m i llrr

Thr Ri pon Foru m · Wintr r 2005

The Great Civilizer Role of international trade in promoting peace l3y u.s. Scn:lIor C,:h~",::'k~;::::~:L________ __,.,


he idea tl1 :11 inu.· rn :Hional !fad e serves to promote peace IS nOI new.

The 4th-century schobr Libanius

observed how effective trade is in prolllOling social cohesion and stability among differellt l~oP[es. More T(.'cclllly, the 19d1-ccnlllry economist Fn:dt'ric Has ti:\! is credited

with ohserving that "when goods cannot cross borders, ;Irmies will." In the 20th century. former Secretary of Slate Cordell I-/ull, who was :lppoirHlxi by President Frankl in

D. Rooscvch , similarly \\~Irn cd of the dan[hal lurk in the absence of trade. In f.1Cf.


Hull once characterized internatiOnal COIllmerce as hlh" gTc-ales! civi lizer and peacemaker in th e cX I>cricnce orlhe hUJIl;ln r.lcc. " Looking ahC'a d to Iht, challenges of the 2 1st cen tury, these imponanl insight s should nm be forgollcn. I nstead, we should emph;lSil.c the role of intcrmltional trade in advancing our nation's security imcreslS wilh increased global proslk'r ity and economic interdepemlence within the communit y of n:uions. '111e case for trade is straightforward. International tradc i~ b:lscd forcmost upon communication ac ross borde rs. The COUIlI less commercial illter:tctio ns that occur each (by arc thc most cfK'<:tiw means of incrt:;lsing fumiliarit y, IIndc rst:lnding, tolerance and respect among <lifTcrcnt peoples. The economic intadtpend(·nce that ensue5 r:tises the cost of wa r to a prohibitive level. Tht prosperity that result.s is sh:m'(l among all. creating the opportunity for a !x·tter life for future generat io ns ;wd tnfranchisi ng tho~e who miglll Qlhtrwisc S(.,t:k to dt~tabili1.(· societ its thro ugh violence and terror. IllIernational lradt is also b;tsed upon principles of transpar('ncy and mpcci for the rule ofbw. By promoting these.' principles among ;1 wider a udienct·, international trade further enhances the prospects for peace among different Ix'O ples. The Bush administration has demonStr:lt('(\ a clear :tpprL'<:iation for Ihe role of illlefOation:11 trade in promOling peace. The adl1Ji ll i~tration \ .tggrc.~s il·e fll.'<: tmde agenda is helping 10 fOSH~r bmh economic and political stJbility :Iround Ihe world. For (>xJl1lpk'. I'residc:nt George W, !lush has c tlk'd for the developmell l of a

The Ripon Forum · Wintl'r 2005

U S. Senator Oluck Gr-assley

Middle East Frtt -Irade Area (MEFlA). to include lhe Uni led St:ut::S and rhe n:uiom of the Middle East and the M:tgIHt'b. by the year 2013. Alrt-:ld y the United Sratcs has negotiated comprehensive free trade Jgrl't'111t"IlfS with Isr:ae1. Jord:m. Morocco and Bahrain. and I expect Ih:tt thest: will be joined by agrccmenu; willI Olll:tll and the Unil'ed Arab Emimtcs in the nea r fllmrc , Th is array of cotllprclll'nsive trJde agreements will $('rvc:ts the lx-druck upun which a MEFTA can be built. One(' ac hieved. Ihe M EFTA lI'ill help bring sr:ability, pro~ lx-rity. hope and opportunity to a pJtt of Ihe world that has known lillie of such rhin gs for fur tOO long. The Bush adminislmtion is also rl':tching Olll to South America in negotiating an Andean Free Trade Agreement willi Colombia. Ecuador and Peru. A camprt hensive fret" trade agreemen t wi th Ihese countries will ex pand L'COliomic opponunities in the rL-gion, '1l1esc ex pJndctl o pponunities will nOI onl)' lead 10 incrf::l.St..'(\ prosperity for the Andean peoples. but will a[so !iCrve to complement Il.-gional drug emdicatiotl efforts by offering \'i::tblc al tt rnalh'cs to illicil drug production. This in turn will help undermine and disrupt th(, violent groups th:1t fund Ih eIl1Sc1v~ with proceeds from trade III illicit drugs. [n this way, illlernational trade haS ;1I1 illlpon:tnt role 10 pby ill promoting region:11 peace :md stability

and ad\'Jnci ng the securi ty interests of the Uni ted States. Another example of this is the r«endy negoliated Cent ral America Free Trade Agreement (CAI-IA). The CAFTA will hdp ensure thaI lutions in Centml America do nOt witness a re('Urn of the internal Slrife 111:11 ma rked Ihe r~gion during ,h(' 1980s. In :tddition. th~ Bush administr:lliol1 is negoti:lling terms for Russia's Jcccssiotl il1lo the World Trade Orgatlil~1l'ion (WrO). This lIegotiation prcsems a number of opporrunities ro improve transparency ami reslX'<:1 for the rule of law as Russia transi tions 10 a markel-based ('<:onom)'. The negoliation ove r C hina's recent aCCl'Ssion into rhe \'iffO prcsemed similar opportunities. ,tIld while I r:~de (ensions contin ue 10 flare on occasion, we now hal'e the benefit of the \'1'1'0 forum in which 10 mediate our disPUl es wilh C hina. Once Russia's trade commilm e m~ are formalized through accessio n 10 Ihl' \Vro. we will have access to the same benefit. C hina and Russi:t arc L'ach important pl:tyers in the global economy, Their commitment to a common rule of law for international tr.tde will do much to promote both ('conomic and political stability arOlllld Ihe world. Congress too has demonSI rated all ,~ppreciation fo r how increasing international trade prOlllOtes pe;1(c. In 2004. Congres~ pas.sed ;In important cxtension of the Africa Growlh and Opportunity Act (AGOA). Fim p;L~sed in 2000, AGOA is credited wi til creJting over 190.000 johs and over 5340 million in inveSlmelllS in sub-Sah:lr:1Il AfriC!. ThaI is a signifiClnt contribution ro increased peace and st:tbiliry on the continent. L%I yea r Congress also pa~ legislation 10 allow dUly-frL'e Ire:umelll for imported hand-wm'en C!rpclS. This dmyfrL't: (r(-:lt men! wi ll primarily help Iht, cililens of Afghanistan and Pakistan, tWO important allies in thl' global waf on terror, As we pn'paw for Ihe srart of a new Congress this year, I look forward ro continlie working with Illy colleagues and Ihe administra lion to promote peace by eXPJ nding itlletnJlional lrade, ~

- Sm. Ch uck Gmsslry is Ill/ IOI/JII RefuMimll flnd chn;nllflll ofl/Jr Srll,/((, F;II(fll((' COllllllillU


Increasing Our Oil Supply The case for drilling in ANWR Hy U.S. Representative Joe BarlOn politiCl1 debate, ANWR fidds wo uld

have been arguing for SOl1l1.' lime Ihat the reason (0 drill for oil in the Arct ic N:lI ion:11 Wil<llifc Refuge (ANWR) is csscnrially Ihe same reason \Xlillie Sutton


~ already be very produclive. And this would

-j make:t difference in the wallel of every citA tzen.

when asked why he robbed banks: "That's where til(' money is." 'Vc should


drill in ANW R because ,hat is where the o il IS. Of course, {here is a crucial difference in this comparison: Willie pursued goods th;n belonged [0 50111(:onc else, whereas the



oil in Absb lx'longs



Congress has debated ANW R oil since 1959 - a lime when Ih(' gas station man we:Hing an oil company uniform would come 10 your car, wash your windows, check your oil and pump gasoline :11 25 (elliS per gallon. This debate has regained pT('eminence for onc ob\'iO\l.~ reason: In many places, consumers pay upwards of $2 a gallon for gasoline. Oil propels every part of our econOlllY. While (here may be a bener way to hoep Americans working. it has yel 10 he invented. Hence, we must ask: Why have gasoline prices increased, and how can we fi)[ this? First, many small mistakes were made by politicia ns, bureaucrat's and environmental activists. As a result. new gasoline refineries have IlOt been built in America for 25 years. Therefore, existing refineries arc running at mo re than 90 percent capacity every day. T h is means that, when thert, is a malfunction ;Ind a plant is closed, till: entire natio n is sudden ly shon of g;l~. Consequently, gasoline prices rise. Second, we mUSt consider t he problem of different types of gas. The pum p :11 our neighborhood stations implies that there arc only IhT(oe kinds of gas: regular, a middle-grade usually cllled "plus," and premium. In re;llity, we re(lui re refineries 10 makt.' 54 distinct blends of gasoline. Each is intended 10 accommod ate the t,nvironment in a particular :tre:t of the country. Furt hermore, none m:ty be sw:tpped for fuel in another area. For this reason, the re can be simuha nl:uusly high prices in Dall:ts and low prices in Denver. Finally, we musl consider where we get our oil. ANWR is a good ex:tmple of where we do tlOI gCl il. D uring the lasl 45 ye,lrs in which we ha\'(' deba l'ed ANWR,



U.S RepresentatIVe Joe Barton

drilling tedmology has improved and therefore Ihere is lird(¡ likelihood of making a mistake. Critics of ANWR :Irguc thnt drillers will eXlinguish the Alaska caribou he rds; o l hers maintain Ihal the caribou will flourish. Some arc convinced th:tt gre:tt spills will hlackm dIe i:ltldsc<lpe; others insisl that more is spilled daily at one's neighhorhood "quickie 111be.~ I, o n the other hand. fl:tdy illsisr Ihat jobs, economic growth and persoll:tl opporrunity in Americ:t d C'pend on energy - which we mus( ge( somewhere. If we had deci<lcd to open AN\XIR at :tnytime Juring the later stage of this long

Other attem p ts at loweri ng p rices have fuiled. When (he Senate passed a resolution u rging cancellation of a planned fu tu re oil deliveries to the Strategic Petrolt'um Reserve, authors :trgued that this would flood the market wit h enough oil 10 CUI g:tsoline p rices by 10 cems to 25 cents per g:tllon . A less opt imist ic projection was that frt'eing 100,000 barrels per d ay might reducc the price by o nc penny. In any casc, AN\XIR is dosed 10 American co nsumers and likely to remain so ulllil an encrgy crisis pries it open. The same is IfUC of 11I:tny promising areas along our Easlcrn :tnd \"(Iestern coasls. As long :ts this basic policy is not altered, much of AmeriL~\'s supply of TC\:overable oil will rcmain buried in the ground. I belicvc thaI in the lo ng run, the ques(ion wc must address is tlot whethcr we lap AN\V R, but whc n we usc this valuable resou rcc. Howcver, without enough inccnt ive 10 overcome the many objections by spccial itlterests, we will not soon be able to m:tke use of this vit:tl oil supply. America h:ts spent :tlmosl 50 years finding ways nOI to provide energy - nut to explore, not to drill, 1101 to refi ne. Now it is time to decide what we will do. And we must begin where the oil is. ~

- Rep. Joe BnrIO/1 is a tam ReplibliCf{l/ and c/;ainmm ofrI" Energy ,/rid Comml'r-(r Commiuer, w/;icj, hIlS jllrisdictioll ill rhr HOIISl' over ellergy iSilits

"The reason to drill for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is essentially the same reason Willie Sutton gave when asked why he robbed banks: 'That's where the money is.' We should drill in ANWR because that is where the oil is." www.r;

The Ripon Forum ' Winter 2005

Republican History Lights the Way The party has always defended freedom and individual rights By U.S. Representative 10m Pet ri 11 March 20. 1854. opponel1ts of Ihe

0· pro-slavery l>ol icics me l in

Ripon. \Viscousill I() establish the Republ ican P;lffY. As [he COllgressman representing Ripon , I frC<]LLCndy fe·visi l the Litlle While SchoolhOllse where our was born and r reflect upon the lessons of our e;(rly ),C:(fS. Over the 1':151 150 years. public policy concerns have incvitably ch:lIlgcd numerous times. However. Wt' ca n identifY important str:l.nds of cOlllilluiry. Our parry w:as uhim:ucly founded UpOIl the principle of :all abhorn-ncc of sh vCfY. Democrats were advoc m:s for freedom, st;\tcs' rights :lIld IHOIX'rI'Y riglHS. Yet. their version of righls includl'tl du' right to own pt-"Opll:. After the Civil War, it took 100 rears before a majori!y of Democrat ic partisans dearly rejl'Ctlxi segregation. And evell today, in a strange irony, the Democrats continue 10 Slaundlly defend racial prl'fcrmccs. [n com raM. Republicans hal'e traditionally [}cen mon° comfortable with the belief that peoplc should he cl'alua(ed as individuals, \'\Ie wcre never (he part)' of racism. In faCl. every ~ in gl e Afriean America u elected \0 Congress 1111Iil 1935 was Republican. C urrentl y, it is the DCll1ocr:I1 S wllO put people in categories such as: the rich, the poor, people of color, the elderly. dw peuple I'S . the powerful. and so 0 11 . Thl'Se classifications hal'e some lIlerit. Howel'cr, the overuse of these l"":uegories underm ines the concept of the indil'idual who is, aft er all, the smallest and most import:mt minoriry. From the beginninl;> we were the pany of national uni ty. And so it is toda y. The Democrats are in the process of retre:uing to endal'es o n thC' coasts and in the big ci ties. In cont rast. we cOlllinue to COIllCSt in every region. evcn if not always in C\'ery state. T he South is largely Republican now. Today's sout!lC'rn Rcpublic:m conscrvatism seeks to conserve what is [)CSt in ollr herirage rat!H: r than maim.tining discnxiited beliefs. This is Republic:mistll on uur terms - and with which AbrJham Lincoln 11'0111(1 have found much in common. In consonarlCt.' with our devotion 10 libeny, we :Lre currently the slfonges( adl'oThl" Ripol1 Furum ' Willler 200S




US RepresentatIVe Tom Petn

cates for the expansiun of republican forms of government ab road. Similarly. during the Cold \'\Iar. IW were the dea rcst and Ic~ sl conflicted opponentS of com munist Iyrnnny. From the Ix·ginning. we were the pany of economic dl"\'clopmellt. WC' have always supponed the frn' market with li mitt.'d rl"gul;lIion. We were at the forefront of cham pioning consumer and C'nvironrnt'nr:t l protection; while rhe dr:tcuni:m and , somt.' might argue, rh e Mussolini-inspired National Recon .~ tru c tion Administrat ion (:md OIher examples of overbeari ng st:l\e control) ernanared from PresidC'nt Franklin O. Roosevelt. We have always believed in the Opponunity Socit.' ty. The Homestead Act of 1862 uhima!('ly relinquished 10 percent of the area of the United Statcs 10 small f., rmcrs who werc willing to work the lanll. This is the di rccr prl'Cursor of President Gl'Orge W. Bush's "Ownership Society. ~ Prl'Sitient Bush's iniriali"e seeks 10 ernpml'er indi viduals by in c rca~ in g home ownershi p and by conferring upon wo rkers the owr1('rship of a portion of Social Securit y taxcs. Prcsidcnt Bush's policics will :tlso fOSi er til("' creation of new small busi nesses, ,l1t, CX P;Hl sion of choicl'S in IllLxiical care through Health Savings Accounts alld more. All of these I'rol'isions arc designed ro exp:md p·ersonal initiative at (he expcnse of govt.'rnmen( paternalism. " , "' II'.

ri I'

O f course, nor everything Republican deS('rves url(lualified $UPI>Ort. In his (by. many Americans regarded President Abr:lham Lincoln as an e:tlrt.'mist for ht.' wanted to make a fundamC'rHal change 1"0 Ollr social structure by end ing the 5omh's "peculi:lr instillllion." He was. howeve r. profou ndl y conservative and restOrative: he the corrosi\'\.' and unjustifiable cOrHradiction of permitting slavery in "t he land of rhe free. " There wen', howcl'cr, ol'erly impaticnt reform t.'fS dominating the pan)' and Congress. These Radica l Republ icans insistl't.i on freedom. JUSt icc and equality immediately. T hey were absolutely right on tht.' moral qu e~ rion , but wrong on the practical issue of how to achieve their goal. Lincoln knew [hat northern and oord!.'r srate Democrats would cooperatl' with tllC' war elTon unl y if w:u was justifilxi on tllC' basis of saving the Union. He understood Ih:11 lor the slavcs 10 be freC', (he NOrlh h ,ld 10 win the war. Opposed to Lincoln's caution and practicality. thC' IbdiC:11 Republicans held an earl y corll'ention in which the), nominated a different The regular Republica tl candidate. Republic:tth nominated Lincoln once ~Igain unde r th t.' banner of (he National Unity Pan ),. There is a lesson hC're for modern Rcpublic:HlS as we try to advance our goab. [n a republic we can indeed lead the people - but onl y if we march at a pace th:u tile public is wi lling to march. We should st'J.nd up for our beliefs. but if we find that a "my way or the highwa{ attilUde is c.llrsing gridlock, we should p:tuse long enough 10 consider whether we arc tryi ng to solve problems b)' jamming square ideologicJI pegs imo round public policy holes. T he el'ems of the 1860s an be used as a rnodd: a hlend of fen'ent idealism and moderate real ism can kCt'p the pan)' and the country moving irr the riglH dif('Ct ion wit hoUi rolling off dre tr.lcks. <-:;t -

Rl'p. 10111 Pl'tri. n Ripoll Sociny foullda, is II \,(/i;comill Rl'pflblimll IlIId chllirlllllli oJlhl' Highways. Tmmit I/Ild Pipl'lillrs SlIflflumlliurr


The Growing Hispanic Vote Election 2004 was a watershed moment By U.S. Reprcsentat i\'e Ileana Ros-Leluinen hen hislOry is wril!(,ll, the 2004 eleCTions will go down as a water-


shed moment in American politics: the power of the growing Hispanic vOle became evident. In the 2000 election, Democratic prcsidclIIi:t1 candidalt' AI Core did not appear on lhe vcry pOpUI:IT Spanish TV show "$:tbado Cig:I.IHC" because of scheduling connicrs. In COl1lr:151, in 2004. neither candidate could afford not [0 :lpp C;H. In F.tct, both Presidellt Gt'orgc \VI. Hush and Senator John Kerry actively C:lmpaignClI for the Hispanic vOle . In an den ion thai had Ihe highest tumour in more than 30 years, 44% of

Hispan ics \'olcd for Presiden t Bush. Th is is th e highest percentage of Hi span ic Votes evcr aTtained by a Republican can didale. The previous high was ,utai ned by Presidenr Ron ald Reagan in 1984 whe n he Sl'Cured 37% of the Hispa n ic vote. 1ivo ye;l rs ago, Hispa ni cs beeline dIe largeS{ minority in this cou n try. They are now a la rge \'ot in g bloc that ever)" presid entia l ca nditbt e will ha\'e to coun in ortler to Will. The power of the Hispanic vote will o nl y Illcrease 111 every subse(l uem elecrion. Hispa nICs. ;lI1 d the issues of imporlance 10 thern. arc su re to become more prevalent. Hispanics co ntinue to increase bOth in numbers and in their contributions to this great coun try. For exam ple, whi le Hispanics make up 13% o f the U.S . population, Ihey acco ullI for 18% of th e fightI11g m cn and womcn in th e U.S . armed forces. In addition. 6% of all businesses in this counrry are owned by Hisp:mi cs. This demonstrates that Hispanics can be elltrepreneurs and ca n create jobs to help the American economy prosper. Now that more Hispanics arc becoming't larger portion of o ur popul ation, we must work to increase tht' number of Hispan ics in public officc. It is satisfying that" in November we m:tde progress in this (iireCiion by cleCiing tWO H ispanic se naIOrs: Democrat Kl'n Salazar frolH Color..tdo an d Republican Mel Martinez from my sr:ue of fl orida. I a m confident


U S Rep Ileana Ros-lehtlnen

that these lead ers w ill leJve their umque mark upon the Senat!'. They will surely be th e first of m:lny more H ispanics who will serve in the Senate in till' years to come . We also made minimal progress in th e House of Represematives . Hi spanics gained one scat. increasing our representation from 2S to 26. This is barely 6% o f the tot:tl number of I-lo use members. \Vle Rep ub licans also made history for the first time in ovc r a century by elect ing a Republi catl as Residenr Comnlissioner of Puerto Ri co. I congraru late Luis Forwno ~o r this accomplishment ~nd look forward to working with him in the J09rh Co ngress. Nel'erthelcss, while Hispanics make up 13% of rht, U.S. population, they still comprise less than olle perCent of all elected off'icials. The represt'lltation of Hispa ni cs at the HatC a nd fcderalle"els arc both low. For exa mp le, from a wral of 1,035 H ispani c elected offici;tls In Ca lifornia , only 35 hold state or fedcral offices. This is a little more than 3 perCCIlt. 11 is evell worse in Nell' York, where there arc on ly 63 Hisp;tni cs elected to 10GII. state and federal offices. \Y/e must COlltin ue to e ncourage Hispauics to partictpate In our democratic proct'ss. They should be fully ;lCtive in our republic. both as vOtc rs and by vol unt eerwww.

ing l nti ru n nin g for public offices. 10 achieve this. we need to do more to re:lch Ollt to Hispanics, espec iall y through Spanish la ng uage TV, radi o and news":Ipers. Also, we should work to lowcr th e high dropout ratc of H ispanic studem s in our schools. Hispan ics should be encouraged to pursuc higher edu cation for with an :tdvan ced degree they will ha ve a bener chance to succeed in their endeavors. It is Ill)" hope th:1.t with th(~ new cloUT of these vote rs, politicians will be able to address iss ues ofimpon:tn ce to Hispanics. For t'xample, we can increase the ir access to l¡duc:uion by passing the Dream Act and by encour..lging more students to contitHle Iheir educalion. H ealth care sho uld be more affordable in order to ensure lhat low-income workers will have a chance to ofTer health insur.tnc{' for their families. \Y/e l11US{ also strive to increase th e number of minority homcownt'rs. And flnaliy, if is imperative to reform our immigration system; workers who cotHributc to our nalion's ecollomy and pay taxcs will rhereforc be ahle to come out of the shadows and achicve legal status. As the nUlllbers of Hispanics conti n ue to grow, we I11l1st ensure that ,hey fully panicip,1\e in ou r ci\' ic society. The more t'ducated Hispanics are, ,tnd the morc o pportunit ies they are given. the more they will contribute to ou r great nation. A testa men! to thc growing powe r of this cons tiruellcy is the fact that on November 2nd almOSI onc in ten vOters who lined up and voted was Hispanic. Wilh eve ry elecrion. there will be a larger percentage o f Hispanics who will hav c their voices heard. ! ,1111 co nfid ent (hat we can conti nu c to increase the p:micipation of Hispan ics in Ollr political systcm . thereby ensuri ng that the ove rall participation of Americans (ema im h igh. ~


Rep. !/ftllitl Ros-Lrhlilll'fl if II florida RrpllbiiCllll

The Ripon Forum ' Wintl'r 2005

Why I Left the Democrats The GOP and the rise of Italian-Americans By John Marino

y cOllnection (0 the Delllocratic Parry runs d('t.'p, extending back to my yomh. My earliest memories incl ude Imfching as a child in the Labor Day parade in Asbury Park with my Etther, a union carpenter. We would make the trek in his Ford work \'an in order to celebrate the


~working man~

and the land of opportunity.

[ was raised in a bille-collar home in Belmar,

New Jersey. I grew up proud of my Family's worki ng-class rOOIS and union idemit),. My loyalty to the Demo cratic P3.rry came naturally. My relationsh ip with the Democrats W;l~ reinforced by Illy p:lTems' immigrant experience. T hey were born and raised in a sm:Jll, humble village in somhcrn [tal),. In SC;lrch of a beneT life, they CUlie to the Un ited Smlcs. Although initially not knowing the language or c ulture, they enthusiastically embraced the American War I-knce, lik<· countless other ltalianAmericans, they saw the Democr.uic Party :IS their politic il home, I remainL-d :m:lClled to the Democrats throughout my teenage years. In 1984, my grade school notebooks were covered with Mondal e-Ferraro bumper stickers even though I was nor yet old enough 10 vote. I caSt my first vote in the 1989 N(w Jersey gubernalOrial race for then-Democ r:ttic candidate Jim Florio. When I emerl'd colk-ge my cornmirmem m the Democf'Jrs was only reinforced by an environment Ihat slamed disti nctly Lcfr. Since almost all of my fitmily. friends and educuors were Democruts and liberals. it is easy to discern how [ remained :111 unwavering Democrut for many years. This began to change, however, during my late twenties. Looking at my new-found responsibilities at home and at work, I Started to question my affiliation with the Democruts. I realized something imporram: Thl')' no longer represented my political Outlook o r pe rsonal values. The t ime had arrived fo r me to break old tics and forge new oncs. lroniclJly. the culture that placed me firmly withill the Democratic fold \'l:IS the same one th:l1 motivated me to leave it. I was miscd ill a household where personal responsibility, hard work, rel igion and Th~

Ripon Forum · Winter 2005

(unily we re nOI o n ly ¥;llues hut requireme n ts. You wouldn't know t his from the us ual portrayals of hali:1I1Americans til fi lm or television. Holl yv.ood has distom-d the image of Italian-Americans, oflen presenllng them as semi-literale, murderous gangs((.'rs. This is se<:1l in blockbuster movies like "The Godfuther" and "Good Fe1las" or TV hits such as "The Sopranos." The reality is very ditTerent. All of the Italian-A mericans that I knew were pn:domiu<1ll tly skilled, blue-collar wo rkers, who toiled exceptionally hard, saved their money and sent their children to college with the hopes rim the}' would cmer th(· professional class. T heir model was - and is - someone like Supreme Coun Justice Amonin Scalia, nOl ' Ion}, Soprano. I sought a party that embraced dl('se val lies of work, opportunity an d family. The GOP was a naTUral choice. Morool'l'r, as a Democrat I was frusHatcd a\ having to renlain a closet ChriSllan . I also o p posed the penchant to view everyone as a victim despite their actions, and grew weary of a seenlingly incessa nt criticism by many liberals of Ame rican policies - both at home a nd abroad. This especially p:lined me for I was taught to love America and to be grateful for the opportunity it had provided for my fumily. I had personally seen the great p romise of America fulfilled aud lhe immigram's dream made reality. Consequentl y, I left the Democm[ic Parry, :tnd found a new home with the GOI~ As a proud American of Italian ancestry, I feel especially comforl"able in the evcrgrowing Republican " Big lcnt. ~ AldlOUgh I still have lIlany Democruts who are my friends and colleagues, I recognize that their pany IS Ilot my party. Despite my rigll1-le:ming views, professionally [ consider myself fortuna te 10 work "''''"",'.

As a proud American of Italian ancestry, I teel especiall, comfortable in tile ever-growing Republican "Big Tent. n with c1ec!(-d offici:lls on both sides of the aisle. MOTl. .over. [ am convinced there are Olher moderates like myself OUI [here, who during the 1990s left the Democt:lIS to join t he Republicans. These voters are simibr to the so-called Reagan Democrats of [he 1980s. Perhaps politicJI historians will recognize this tr~nd and coin a name for us. \Vle are everywhere and we :trc in good com pany. People like U.S. Sen. Norm Coleman , Minneso[a Re pu blican , have shown that Jews from Brooklyn, JUS! like Italian-Americans from New Jc rsq, can follow their IK'3.rts 10 a pany that tflily rep resems the ir values. ~

- Johll Marino is r/Jr m(//Mgillg dirrctor of govermnrl/t relnriollS lind public policy tll I"r Natiol/III !talim/ AmrJ"i({1/I FOUl/dillion, 1111 illdrprlldrll/. I/OIJ-pfrrtiJlIll lind non-profit

jiJ//IIdlllioJ/. 7lJis artic/r does not rrprrS(//f t"r vil!l/JJ ofth, foundlltion.





Make Use of Prison Labor Allow the private sector to employ prisoners By Robert O. Atkinso n

me ri can jails and prisons now hold Illore than 2 mill ion inmates. \Xlh ile the inll}Qrt of this milepost may be more symholic than real, its fiscal im pact is quite real. A t $40 billion annually, o r $20,000 a year pe r p risoner. incarceratio n is a majo r budge t item. So it is likewise significa nt dla t more than cwo-thirds or all (state) ex-offenders arc re-:trrested in three yea rs. One successful activity that helps ofTs("t public COStS for prisons :m d redu ce recidivism is prison wo rk in industries. AI the fede ral level, Fed eral Priso n Industril'S (FPI), :m arm of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, employs prisoners making goods :md services. Und er the trade lI:tnte UNICOR, FPI m:l rkets about 150 ty pes of products and services t'O federal agencies. This inciud{'S furnitllr(·, textiles, electronic COntpOnCtllS and engi ne repair. Hy t11~n d ate. FPI is limit("d to olTering its good s and sen'ices to the federal go\"ertlIn re turn fo r this limitation, me mo Congress has requirl,,([ lhat fl.-deral age ncies purchase a portion o f the products they need from 1:1'1 - even if ,he products COSt mOTe than they would from a private \·end o r. Af the State level . federal legislation P :15S(;([ in 1979 ena b k-d sta te prisons to allow private companies to e mploy prisone rs making goods a lld servi ces for inters(':tte ['f:mspOTl. However, the legislation con (':tined so man y restri ctions thaI the prog ra m e mplo)'s o nl y about 5,000 prisoners. Employing inmates in p rison industries programs provi d c.~ three impon-.Hlt benefits: First, prisoner work req uireme nts leld to be![(-r security in prisons :tIId lower recidivism. T he Fede ral Bureau o fPrisollS' POSt Release Employme!ll Projl'Ct co ncluded that indUSTries inmates we re not only beller behaved while in p rison but we re 35 percent less likely to be rearrested afte r rdease. Second, prison industries programs generate revenue that can go to offset taxpayer-s upported costs for housing prisoners. This revenue can suppOrt vic tim restitutio n, child su ppOrt and the like. Thi rd. in COlHraSt 10 those that argue



that prison labor is a :ocro-su m ga me, inmate work actually helps the eco nomy. T he economy benefits because both regular :lIld prison worke rs arc prod ucing outpm. If a morc robust inmate labo r progr.1I11 succeeded in employing an additional 350,000 prisone rs who produced an a\'erage of $35,000 l:fer year in value-ad ded, the U.S. econo my would he $ 12.2 billion brger. In r('cem yea rs. however, pr i ~on ind ustries programs have generated increasing crit icism. Some on the Lefi oppose prison labor: these critics do not bel ieve t!l;H prisoners sh ould be rC<luired to work. Furt!1("Tlllorc, {he}' m:linrain 111:11 , if prison COStS aR· lowered by requi ring prisoners to work, it will be easi('r for elected oflici:tls to enaCt tougha sente ncing ]}Qlicics. In contrasl, som e on d1t~ Ri ght o ppose FPI because Ihey see it as an unwarr:tntcd gove rtlmelH intrusion into Ihe marketplace. Fin~lI y. a narrow segme nt of employers and organized Ilbor argue that prison I:tbor takes jobs away from law-abiding Atlle rieans. As a res ult, Congress has introdu ced legislat io n to <lr:lIlwticall y restrict FPl"s abilit}' to employ priso n labor. T he Federal Industries COl1lpetilion l!1 Pri son C ontrac ti ng Act of 2003 ( H .R. 18 29) passed the H o use in 2004 by a wide marg in; a companion bill awaits consider:ttion in the Scnate. The bill, sponsored by Rep. Peter Hoekstra, Michiga n Republica n, will allow federal age ncies 10 buy the products Ihey now buy from FPI from priva te conlracmrs ~ that is, if the price is lower. This will l'iiminate approximately half of dte current sales of FPI. The bill no ne theless ac knowledges the importance of work for prisoners and therefore authorizes funding for voca tional tmining and allows FI' I 10 sell to non-profits at an oper.nional loss (with the difTerenee being made up by an appropr iation from C ongress). Congress i~ right rhat FI'[ is in m::ed of significant reform. However. while the sratus (IUO was not sustainable. dr:tmatiC:ll1y red ucing FPJ's role WlS not Ihe on ly. or the best choice. Instead , Congress could fi nd an alternarive means of addressing t ht" issue WWW.

ri llOllsoc.CJrg

of unfair COnllX., til ion while Hill gening the social and ccollomic bcndils from prison industries program. This can be done by

eli minating FPI's preference





fed eral gover nment a nd by allowing pri\':1lc Sl'c{() r companies to ('mploy prisoners. Private companies should be able 10 go inm federal or state prisons and, \Virh tht· con senT of the prison officials, hire prisone rs as their employees. FPI should TransiTion out of the business of making and sell ing goods. Instead, they should fl cilit:He the employmell t of inm:llC labor by private sector companies. In their new rolc, FP[ would provide the security and space for p riva te Co ntrac tors to SCI up production f.1cilities insi(le the prison. AI [he same time, Congress should lift the federal restrict io ns govcrning tile Prison Indust ry Enhance ment (PIE) Program so Ihal S[;lte prison programs could more.' dre.'ctivdy engage with pri va te.' compauics who want to emplo)' prisoners. Six years after Congress passed legislatio n ending wclr.'1 re as we know it, it is ironic that the re is one m:tjor group in so c iery that still gets public sup pOrt wit hout work rC<luiremellt: prisollers. As a resul t, it is timc ro e nlist the {' nm::prent'urial energies of t he private sector and reduce the regulatio ns ,lIld barriers to compa nies em ploying prisoners. Doing so is good for prisoners, the justice system, ernpl oyers and taxpayers. \;7


Robt'rt D. Atkimoll is /lict' prt'sidt'llt ofthe /'rogrnsi/le Policy Imriwrt tllld dirt<"lor of PP/ j Trrlmology 17m! New econolllY Project

The RillOn Forum · Winter 2005


" •



Angry Canucks Growing anti-Americanism in Canada


By RIChei K. Aymt



mericans share a 5,000-mile undefended border with their northern Ilcighbur, bUT in rcc... nt years, C anada and the United Stales ha\'c shared little else. OA'icials in borh nalions insist thaI rebtions arc as frie ndly as evcr. It is clear, however, that disagreementS ove( fOR'ign policy and growing anri-American sClHi~ men! among C;lnadi:ln citizens are creating :1 1ll:l}(H rift bc[wl'cn the longtime friends and :I!!ics. Prcsidcm George W. Bush [('(e11lIy completed a two-day uip 10 Canad:l ~ marking the first omcial sr;ut: visit 10 the country by a silting U.S. President ill over a decade. Ahhough he did nOI' address P:lr1iamtlH , President Bush delivered a major speec h in which he described the cu rrent St:l[(' or U.S.-Canadian rehnions by saying "beyond the wo rds of politicians and tht' natural disagreements (hat natlons will h:~ vc. our {wo peoples arc one f."lmily, and always will be."' President Bush was being generolls. In the past few years, many Canadian liberals have nOt only expressed their distaste for the United StateS' current Republican leadership, but also for many of its COf(' values. One would think th;1[ they might rcfrain from insulting a country whose economic invt'StmclH is nt'ccssary for Canada's very survival (Washington is Ottawa's largest u:lding pannn). lbther, C:ln:lda's predomimlCly leftist elite delights in att:lcking the United St:ltes at every turn, which is not only immamre, btU also disrespectful. From the beginning of the Hush Presidency, Canadian liberals have had an almost pathological distaste for his personality and polit ical beliefs. A good example of this anti-Bush hysteria is the recent con· troversy surrounding Carolyn Parrish, a Liberal Member of Parliamen t from Om'trio. On tht' eve of the U.S. invasion of Iraq. Ms. Parrish famously declared du t she hated Americans. JUSt laSt month, she appeared on a satirical Canadi:Hl television program . stomping 011 the head of an action doll th:lt resembled Prcsident Bush. Despite these outrageous commCIHS, Ms.


Tht' Ripon Forum · Wimer 2005


Parrish was only rt'cend y rernovt'd from her pany's caucus. This shou ld not really corne as a surprise. Canada is, aftcr all, a coumry that broadcasts A/jauertl. yet objects to airing Fox NeWi.

For tlHlCh of the past cenmry, Canada and the United States have enjoyed a friendly working relationship. Hoth countries were staunch allies in World War I and World War II. (he Korean War and the first Persian Gulf War. But fhis close alliance IS now bcillg eroded. Two "In the past few years, many Canadian liberals recent announCCZ1lt'ntS by have not only expressed their distaste for the Cmadian Prime Minister United States' current Republican leadership, Paul Martin promise to have 3 grave impact on U.S.but also for many of its core values. One CUladi:Ul rt'lations. First, would think that they might refrain from insultMr. Martin declared that ing a country whose economic investment is CUl:tda will neither invest an y money 111 Pres idt'tH necessary for Canada's very survival." Hush's proposcd missile defense system. nor allow the United States The country's ailing public health care to station any of its rockets on Canadi,Ul system . its burden so me fax rates and soil. Mr. Martin also publicly stated that increaslIlg Irrclev:mce on the international Canada will allow U.S. soldiers who refuse stage - all have eontribured to a general sense amOllg Canadians that they arc falling to serve in Iraq the right to immigrate. The vast majority of Canadians quesbehind their American COLInterparts. (ion American motives - especially with Hence, it is clsier for many Canadians to regard to foreign affairs. They genuinely lash out at President Bush or at America in believe their country is safe from :lttack genetll, rather than focus on tiH:i r own beca use their gOVCTllmelll pursues peaceful country's real problt,ms. Canadl's livelihood is dependent on its pol icies. T his m"ivc ou tlook is, of course, bolstered by Cmadian knowledge th:u, in a trade wirh the Unilt.J States. and if reb time of real crisis, the United Stal"cs would lions cOlllinue to deteriorate, Canadians have much to lose. Presidem Bush's recem certainly come to their dcft'llse. Yet there is somcthing besides opposi- Irip to Canada constilll1ed a good fitith gestllre on the paT! of his adminislf<uion. Let 's tion 1"0 Prt'sidctll Bush's global war on terrorism that is fueling the growing ride of hope that Canadians can reciprocue his ami-Americanism. Can:tda has always had goodwill. ~ an inferioriTY complex regarding ils giant - Rf{chel K. Ayers! is the (11/11/1"(' neighbor to the south. DevcioptllelHS in recent dec:tdes have only accenW:lIed this. editor lit 7'lJ(' Ripon FOTllm \\!W\\'.


America 's economic recovery is well underway. Prospects are bright for further gains if we adopt policies that create more jobs, unleash the American spirit of innovation, and help assure the sustained growth of our economy. To maintain economic growth we must:

En(ourale investment and innovation . Our obsolete tax system should be reformed. It should create incentives for new investment and research & development that enable U.S. businesses and workers to be leaders in the worldwide economy.

Improve education and training. America's school children must grad uate from high school prepared for college and the workplace. The No Child l eft Behind Act is providing more choices for parents, more resources for teachers and new accountability for schools. Job traini ng programs must also be strengthened to give today's workers the skills for tomorrow's jobs.

Promote trade. New U.S. trade agreements to open up foreign markets are catalysts for economic growth. They facilitate trade and encourage new investment and exports, increasing income and creating jobs here at home. Crowinl the economy. Our most important job.

B~ Business Roundtable

After Arafat The future of the Middle East By Frederi ck KratH"l alestinian leader Yasscr Arafin's death has triggered much ~pcculalion about


the future of the Middle EaSt "peace process." Can it in f."I.Ct be n.-vivcd, and if so , how qui ckly? Will new Palestinian Authority elections actu:tlly take place? Arc there really Palestinian "moderates," :Hld if S0, Gi n rh<:y o\'crcomc ratlical terrorist groups widlOUi a struggle leading ro chaos

:ll1d civil war? Much of the current spccul:l1io n is predicated on fal se assumptions. These arc: th:lI the "peace process" is s,ill in opcr:nion; Ih:1I ArJ.fat's de.1 th has made a more ~ rnod ­

cratc" iL';ldcrship possible: :lnd thaI [his leade rship will make a gClluine and lasting pt.'aC(' with hr,,,::!. Anothe r ass umption is Ihal such a rL"al p'cace will ~ perm ancllI , r:uh cr than simpl)' a temporary lactic used to d cstroy the Jewish slale. Th e ~ has heen almoS( 60 rcar~ of unrcmining, bloody Paicstinian rejl"(:lion of the legitimacy of Jewish Israel in Ihe Middle East. Arc we now to believc Ihal Ihe P:llcstini:ms will finally :lCcepl the Jewish st;ue?

The 'Two-State' Solution There :ITC those who :ISS Wlll' th:l1 II IS possible 10 eSI:lblish a pe:lCeful senlemcll! by creating tw6 indepeodent SI:nes: Israel and I\llestin('. Thcse :malysis em be placed illto twO rc1:lIc(1 categories. Onc gro up prc5Cllls a na'(\,c :mal ys is of Palestinian polilics. These individuals have a quite remarkablc, and perhaps willed amnesia, :loom Ihe unre mining genocidal Palestinian policy IOwards ISf"JeI . Eve n thc 1:lIe Palestinian leader, Faisal Husseini . admitted thaI Palestinian support for the 1993 O slo accords was a consciously ad o pted ~ Troian horse. MDes pite the continuing terrorist a rnpaign , the incorrigibly opt imistic liheral or leflist bim pmsmw conlinue to see a silve r lining. They hOIX: that il will be possible to forge a ~ moderal e Mpath 10 peace - eve n though this will email utilizing the same P:llestiniall ClSt of dl:lraelers, minus Arafat. There is also :lI1other perspective. This o ne is " '5S benign, more rra/pulilik, and eyniGlll y ami- Israel . In thi s case. the Frene h- I{'d Europea n Union IS key. Th" Ripon Forum ' Winter 2005

According to the scholar Bal Ve·or. Ihe Euro pean U nion is consciously attempting to create ~ Eurabia, " an anti -Israel (and ant iAmerican) economic and political alli:tnce between the European Union :uld the Ar:jb League states. T his is ;1 IXllicy diM originat ed in the 19605. It envisions a rapid revival of the peace process t hat will lead to a tWO5t:lle solution. This plan also rC{luires the cooperation of the now "moderate,~ 1'051Ar.lfat Pail·st inian leadership. H owever, the "mooe r:lIe" candidates for leade rship. Mahmoud Abbas and Mohammcd Qureia. wcre Araf:lI 's comrades from the 19 50s and were foundin g memhers of Fauh and the Pa l cs tini ~ n Liber:ttio n Organi:t..1lion (PLO). Tht·y we~ panicip3111s in the an empt 10 take over Jordan from 1968-70 , in which they we n' subsequcntl y expelled 10 It.'banon. They were wilh t\raf.u ill sparking civil war in Lebanon , and with him after Ihe 1'1.0 was forced by Israel's 1982 invasion o f Lebanon illlo exile in Tunisia. These ~ modcrat es" particip:Hed in PLO leHo rism and corrupt ion throughout the 19GOs and 19705. They condoned acts such as the civilian aircraft hij :lckings :lI1d bombings (a I'LO invention). !lIe 1972 Israeli Olympic athletes massacre at Munic h, and the !973 PLO " Hlac k September" assassination of Ameri can ambassadors in Khartoum. These leade rs also supported the Ma'alol maSS:lcre of 2 1 Israeli schoolch ildre n and (our adults in 1974, and the capture of Ihe Achi lle Lauro and murder of the wheelchair-bound Leon Klinghoffer. Tbe list gcx'S on and on , as does the ri\'er of blood. Furthermore, Abhas and Qmeia have been im'olved in the Araf.1t-Jed corruption which has marked the PLO. and the Palestinian Authorit y, from its origins. Two-state ad\'ocatcs also make certain untenable assumptio ns abom Israel's ~nec­ cssary" conCl'Ssions such as the rcmoval of all senlements from the \'Vest Bank and Ga1~1, and the ceding of eaSI Jerusalem 10 Ihe Palest inians for their Gtpiml. VCI ISr:lc1 will nOt. assuredly, again offer 1'0 divide Jerusalem, nor give up :111 , or even most, of the Judea and Samaria sen lcll1(,lIIs. www.nponsoc.o rg

Also, two-state advocates usually rel1l:li n silent about the crucial Uright of return" issue. The Palestinians co n ti n ue to claim Ihe right to the reparriafion 10 Israel proper of up to th ree million refugees and t heir descendants. No Israeli government of :lIl y political stripe wi ll agree to com mit d e mograp hic suicide by addi ng ano ther fWO 10 th ree m illion Arabs 10 Isr:leI's Palestin ian Arab population.

The 'One-State' Solution


Alongside the ~ two_stateM scenario :I ncw, "one srale~ or ~ bi·national " solution has recend y emerged. This view has bct'n espoused by ami-PLO Arah radicals, European allli-Israelleftins , and inc reasingly by some AmeriCiIl and Canadian analys ts. In their view, Ihe Arah- Israeli conflict can be resol\'ed b y merging Israel and - Pal cs tinc~ inro one democratic emi t')' that {·ncompasSl.'S tWO ~pcoplcs. " Upon closer examination this one-slale option is nOI an opt ion at aiL Extremists. IXlth Arab and Weslern. USl' this suggestion as <I kind of threat: if Israel won't allow a separate Palestinian stale on its borders,


then we will get the world CO impose a onestare solutio n upon the Jews. This ~ ri ght of return~ variant is, in f.1ct, -a th inl y veiled prescription for a revanchist ArJb majori ty (one, moreover, widlOut democralic experience or commitment), wllich wo uld mea n bOth the destruction of Israel ami th e expulsion, or worse, of its Jews. Israel. of course, will never accept this.

The 'No State' Solution Finally, there is yet a third, and perhaps most feasible option pen aining to th o;: poSt-Arabi situatio n: the "no sta te" posirion. This view is backed by those who argue Ihal neilher Ihe $O-c-Jlled Arab-Israeli conflict, nor the cu rrt'lll post-O slo situalion, arc accidems. These Israel i and pro-Israel voi ces nOle Ih31 Iht' currell{ conflict did not emanate from Israeli ill-will. Sine<' 1948. the Israelis have consistently sought pe ace and recogni tion. On the other hand, since the 1920s Ihe h:lVe been determined first to eliminate til t· Jews from Palestine, and then - in 194 7-48 , 1956, 1967 and 1973 - to destroy lhe Jewish state. No-state advocatl'S arc convi nced rhat Araf.n ami th e PLO h ~l ve never swerved from Ihei r goal of destroying the Jewish state. Th is objecti ve was sta tt·d, an(1 nevCt in facl removed , frolll their "Covenant," or constitution. No-state ad vocates are therefore less sanguine dIan the two-state people aboul reviving real negotiatio ns. No r do these skeptics ass ume that the old-line :15S0 eiates of Arafiu have now Illorphed into moder-lies, or that the post-A rafat period will sec the emergence of a younger-generation of lrue ~ m ode ra(es . » No-st:lIers argue the Paiestini:l lls have been unable to achieve their ultimate objecti ve through diplomacy and, hence, now resort 10 violence and teHor. The), tlse radio, televisio n and their educ-1 tion systelll to spew anti-Semitism and to glori lY suicide- bonlbers. Consequentl y, nO-S[:lt ers t11 :1intain th:l(, for the foresce:lble fmute, Palestinians have abdic-1ted dIe right 10 :111 independent, sovereign state. This can be reversed o nl y when a new moder:lll: k':ldership is choseu in free :lnd fair elections, and it has I:l1ded terrorism :l11d ami-Semitic prop:lgamb. Such an OutCOnH' will mke years, not months. In the illterim, the :l tlli-lerrorism barrier will be completed and will provide a dt • foClO border. Also, settlemellts in Judea rI](~


and Samaria will re m:lin in place. And as pl:lnned by Israel's Prime Minister Ariel Sh:lTOn fo r milimry and political re:IS0ns, current Israeli politics may precl ude even th e evac\l~lIio n of Ga7':1. Hence, no-smters bcl ie\'c that while the rwo-st:lte solution , on hold since the late 19905, ma y seem to ha ve agaill entered th e realm of possibili ty with's death, it canno t be arbinarily reSllscira red before a stable and truly moderate Palestinian leadership emerges. ArabI 's terrOr war 1101 onl), failed politically bur led to social and economic disaster. T hus, Abbas and some of his supporters may h:lve bt'Come conve rts to reconcili:ltion and honest acccptance of the legitimacy of lsrad - but Ihis re mains 10 be seen. The nO-Stale advocates poim \0 the many obstacles that slill bar th e p:lth ro reconcil iation. Palestinian l ead ~rs face a sullen, bra inwas hed popu b lio n whi ch has indul g~d in a "cullUre of dealh" for o\'l:r four years. They :11$0 bce a formid:lbk· :lrr.lY of ex tremists, wi th in and without tite Palestinian t ~ rri lOry. Ahov<, all, terro rist I-lamas (b:lcked by Lebanon's Hezbolblt , itSd f backed by Iran) opposes any 1110l'e by th t> p;Jlesti nia n Amho rity to w;Jrds accommodat ion witil Israel, and has announced it opposes elect ions and will tlOI give up usi ng violence. And tile Isbmic Jihad terro tis t group also smtl'd recen tl), that it rejec{s th(· Janu:n y ck'Ctions. U.S . foreign policy funh er complicates matters. Presidctll Georg" \XI. Bush llIade Ara!:lt prrfo/Itl 11011 grilla well before his death. This was a major American policy shi ft. And PresidetH BU5h h:ls called for a Hew Palestinian leadership lhal must Pl!{ an end to Palestinian violence and hate pro pagamb and elect a new and trul), moderate leader. ['residell! Bush maintains that these arc pre requisites fo r any negotiation . Yet neither Israel nor the Uni ted States arc in a hu rry to resume talks. Fo r (he moment , lhen, whedler the two-sta te rOllte will be resumed , :l l1d whctherOllce resumed il C:lll succeed, remains moot. The almost mess ianic enthusiasm of its advocates recalls the hopes which greeted O slo a dec;lde ago; like tho~e dreams, such new hopes could again be dashed.

Arafiu unleashed his terrorist war against ISf:lel ill 2000. Erection of Ihe security barrier, the possible evacuation of G a7~1 , pbcemelll of the Israel Defense Forces arollnd the main Arab cities and crossroads in Judea and Samaria to int<'rdict terro rist org:ln i7.Jlions and block suicide bombers - all art' unii:tlcral Israeli steps mk<'11 in Ihe :lbsenc<'. now ;md for the foreseeable fmu re, of a 5uit3.ble negotiating partner. O slo, and fo rmer Israel i Prime r"lin iSler Ehud's exrremd y radical peace offers m:lde at Camp David II and Taba, arc dead. And . given the lasl FOllr yea rs of unremining, Arafa t-backed palestini :ltl murder :Ind 111:1)'lIel11 , :t broad spcctrum of Israelis overwhelmingly back Ariel Sha ro n's policies. No real negot ia tio ns ca n resullIe until the Palestinian Authority reimposes its comrol of Palestinian ~ reas, supp resses Ihe terror c:lmpaig n <1l1d educates ils people fin ally 10 give up the illlpOSsible <Ireatll of a ~ ri g ht of re tll r l1 .~ This is, gil'el1 Palestinian history. a tall order. If men like Mahmoud Abbas and Mohammed Qureia have in f.1Ct learned tll:ll Israel ca nnOI be destroyed b)' fo rce, and that the Araf.1t-lcd terrorist war has resulted onl y in disaster, they mUSt convince the Palestinians to radically change course. Severe (Iivisions. and even ctvil wa r and Ihe collapse of Palest in ian society, remain possible. Indeed, there is cu rrem talk ofin \"oh'ing the Egyptia ns in Ga.",1 and. should it prove necessary. the Jordanians in the West Bank ; th is llnderl ines possible altern,Hives to a f.1 iled Palestinian sta re. The "world COlnnllJllir/ has lavished tre:lsure and support upo n Palestinian leaders since 1948. Yet, the Palestinian dream o f :I ll independent state may today be fa rIher from, not closer to, rcali 7~lIion. This is a paradox wo rrh pondering. <::7

- Dr. Frrderick Kralllz, direr/or oftile umadian /wlilIl rt' for jn/lis/) ReSl'Ilrrh. and rdilor ofils /SRA FAX lI/(/gazillr tmd daily m lllif "Brirfiug" Sfrirs (("[, is a hiHOry proftssur at Liberal Am Colirgr, CO/1cordi" University, in MO lltr(Il/, CflIllldll

The Best Hope for Peace It is evident then, that once again , the policy is st ill the best possiblt· policy. T his has in f:1 Cl been in place since ~ n o state~


'llle Ripon Forum · \'(timer 2005




im~'ican Coun,," Fa, F'tness



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