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ASIAN definition of

Urban Vitality: “...the extent to which a place feels alive or lively.”

urban vitality

Montgomery, 1998

“...such qualities that Jacobs (1960) advocate; sidewalk ballet; mixed use building; mixed age building; short block-pass through alley; are actually qualities that informal settlements i.e., favela, kampung, desakota and informal economy i.e., street vendors naturally have as advocated by Yatmo (2008).”

called ‘New Urbanism’ (Haas, 2008; Duany, A., & PlaterZyberk, E. ,1994) which advocates the principles that the mainstream scholars have advocated but in the context of contemporary urbanism i.e., suburbs (Figure 17, middle). On the other hand, Marshal (2012) argued that scholars like Jacobs (1961), Alexander (1965), Lynch (1960), and Cullen (1971) are advocating urban design as ‘pseudoscience’ in the sense that their studies are rarely proven empirically yet many urban designers took their studies without criticizing them. Additionally, since the chosen site is in Hanoi, urban vitality needs to be defined from different persepective: the Asian perspective (Figure 17, right-side). Some scholars defined the parameter of urban vitality in Asian context as: urban informality (Roy, 2005); mixed-use sidewalk (Kim, 2012); spatial justice (Lim, 2013); common space

(Kusumawijaya, 2013); and street vendor as ‘out of place’ element (Yatmo, 2008). In compare to the mainstream definition of urban vitality, a glimpse of definition from the Asian perspective shows that there is a little relation between the two and the interpretation in urban form is different. For example, such qualities that Jacobs (1960) advocate; sidewalk ballet; mixed use building; mixed age building; short block-pass through alley; are actually qualities that informal settlements i.e., favela, kampung, desakota and informal economy i.e., street vendors naturally have as advocated by Yatmo (2008).

Figure 17.  Urban vitality through various lenses

AR3U100 G r a d u a t i o n L A B: Ci t i e s f o r P e o p le - of Tomor row

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Profile for Reza Ambardi Pradana

P1 Report - Cities for People -of Tomorrow  

P1 Report - Cities for People -of Tomorrow  

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