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Dear Mississippi student, During high school, you will have the opportunity to begin making decisions that will impact the rest of your life. The education you receive during and after high school will set the path for your career. We are pleased to present the Mississippi Pathways to Success Guide, a student and parent guide to educational planning using Career Clusters. “What do you want to be when you grow up?” This is a common question, and you may not know the answer. This guide will help you to evaluate your interests, as well as help you learn more about the opportunities that lie within that interest area, by utilizing Career Clusters. Career Clusters are groupings of occupations and career specialties that are used as an organizing tool for curriculum and instruction. This guide is designed to be a tool in assisting you in meeting your educational and career goals. Our ultimate goal is to get you the education you need to be employed in high-skill, high-wage, or high-demand occupations and nontraditional fields. To support these efforts, we want to ensure that you and your parents have the most timely and accurate information available to help you make informed decisions about your educational paths and career choices. Each career cluster and its related pathways require a common set of knowledge and skills for career success. This approach enhances the more traditional approach to education by providing a foundation to prepare you for a full range of occupations and career specialties, focusing on a blend of technical, academic, and employable knowledge and skills. The economy and workforce of Mississippi are changing. The Mississippi Department of Education is committed to supporting the workforce needs of our state. This guide will assist you in identifying the available career options and help you to make career decisions that are led by both your interests and employment projections that meet the needs of the state’s economy.

Parents, teachers, and counselors:

This guide is for you, too.

This career cluster guide informs students about their educational and career options. However, your guidance is important as students plan their futures. Please review this guide to learn more about the Marketing cluster. Also, please take the time to sit down and talk with your child/student about the information in this guide. Help craft an iCAP that will place him or her on a personal pathway to success.

Contents 3

What is Marketing?


Five Steps to Success


Career Choices


Career Pathway Information


Complete Your Education


Outside Resources

General information on the Marketing career cluster The steps to guide you to a successful future in Marketing Data on Mississippi jobs in Marketing Curriculum requirements for the Marketing cluster

Information about extending your education beyond high school for the most successful career opportunities More information on education and careers in Marketing

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What are Career Clusters and Career Pathways? Career Clusters are groupings of occupations and career specialties used as an organizational tool for curriculum design and instruction. Career Clusters prepare learners for a full range of occupations and career specialties through teaching that blends technical, academic, and employable knowledge and skills. This technique enhances the more traditional approach to Career and Technical Education in which instruction may focus on one or two occupations and emphasize only specific occupational skills. Career Pathways are subgroups of occupations and career specialties used as organizing tools for curriculum design and instruction. Occupations and career specialties are grouped into pathways because they require common knowledge and skills for career success. Page 2

Mississippi has all 16 clusters recognized nationally: • Agriculture, Food, & Natural Resources • Architecture & Construction • Arts, Audio/Visual Technology, & Communications • Business Management & Administration • Education & Training • Finance • Government & Public Administration • Health Sciences • Hospitality & Tourism • Human Services • Information Technology • Law, Public Safety, Corrections, & Security • Manufacturing • Marketing • Science, Technology, Engineering, & Mathematics • Transportation, Distribution, & Logistics Career Pathway under the Marketing cluster: • Marketing

marketing Are you a creative personality with excellent people skills? If so, this may be the career cluster for you! Advertisements in the newspaper, TV commercials, jingles on the radio, grocery store posters, bumper stickers, e-mail ads, and Web sites are all created as part of marketing campaigns intended to do one thing: entice consumers to buy products. Marketing is the necessary link between an organization and its target audience, which includes customers, clients, investors, and partners. Marketers create, manage, enhance, and sell products and services so that they reflect well on the company’s brand. A key part of a marketer’s job is to understand the needs, preferences, and constraints that define the target group of consumers corresponding to the brand. This career cluster is a good fit for students who are creative thinkers or numbers-minded statisticians, who have the ability to communicate persuasively, to “think on their feet,” to use tact, to employ good judgment, and to establish and maintain effective relationships with people at all levels within and outside the company.

interests & abilities •

Strong communication, math, and technical skills

Enjoys dressing professionally

Possesses creativity

Strong organization and time-management skills

U.S. Industry Outlook

Overall employment in the field of marketing is expected to increase rapidly. Job growth will occur as companies seek to differentiate their goods and services in an increasingly crowded market, resulting in a greater demand for talented marketing professionals. However, this growth varies widely by sector; the majority of growth is anticipated in scientific, professional, health care, and technical-services realms.There will be increased competition for full-time marketing opportunities because the field appeals to many job seekers. The best opportunities will be available to those with a high level of creativity and technical skills who can conduct marketing activities on the Internet and to a broad range of target segments.

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Success! Your Five Steps to Success Your future is bright! This guide and your teachers, counselors, and parents are all here to help you decide which path is right for you. A well-thought-out plan is the easiest way to help you attain your career goals.

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Step 1: Think about your interests and explore career options.

Now is the time to think about your likes and dislikes. It is important to take a good assessment of your personality, interests, goals, and abilities in order to decide what you would like and excel at. It is equally important to note your dislikes so that you can rule out career paths that do not fit. Make a list of these areas and begin to explore career paths that align with them.

Step 2: Explore the various education options.

Take your list and begin to explore the education and/or credentials needed to gain employment in those fields. There are many paths to explore based on your interests. Options include certificate programs, military training, 2- and 4-year colleges, graduate school, and more. Remember to also research entrance requirements for all the options, including tests like the SAT, ACT, GRE, and others.

Step 3: Talk with your parents and counselors about your options.

They can help you to research all of your options.You also may want to get in touch with people who work in the fields in which you are interested; they can be a valuable resource in determining what options are best to achieve your career goals. If possible, contact people at the locations where you plan to continue your studies; they can also help you to know what steps you need to take to be prepared.

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Step 4: Narrow your choices and make a plan; then review and revise your iCAP each year.

By now, you should feel informed about your options.Take what you have learned and make a plan to complete those goals! Meet with your teacher or counselor and create an iCAP; this is your formal outline that will guide you from high school to your next step of further education or employment. It is important to review your iCAP every year and to revise it to reflect any changes that you make to your career goals.

Step 5: Graduate high school and move on to further your education or to employment.

The goal of the iCAP is to give you a path out of high school and direct you where you should go next.This plan should carry you on to a certificate program, military training, further education, or the job market. If you decide to continue your training and education, it is important to repeat many of these steps to guide you through that process as well.

A rapidly thinning crowd:

For every 100 high school freshmen in Mississippi‌

64 will earn a high school diploma. 47 will enter college. 12 will complete a 2- or 4-year degree.

The earnings gap between high school graduates and dropouts is an annual difference of nearly Page 5 $10,000.

20 Career Choices in marketing Career

2010 2020 Total Employment Projected Projected Growth Openings

Average Hourly


Advertising Manager






Advertising Sales Agent






Art Director






Customer Service Representative Door-to-Door Salesperson Event Planner Manufacturing Sales Representative Marketing Manager






4,114 263 8,875

16 62 -813

2,386 181 2,947

$7.25 $12.04 $21.91







Marketing Research Analyst






Order Clerk






Product Demonstrator






Production Clerk






Real Estate Sales Agent






Retail Buyer






Retail Manager






Retail Salesperson Sales Manager

31,557 1,328

-827 30

13,555 469

$9.68 $29.38


Stock Clerk






Technical Sales Representative Telemarketer











High school dropouts from the class of 2008 will cost Mississippi almost $4 billion in lost wages over their lifetimes.

Description Plan and direct advertising policies and programs or produce collateral materials, such as posters, contests, coupons, or giveaways, to create extra interest in the purchase of a product or service for a department, an entire organization, or on an account basis. Sell or solicit advertising including graphic art, advertising space in publications, custom-made signs, or TV and radio advertising time. May obtain leases for outdoor advertising sites or persuade retailers to use sales promotion display items. Formulate design concepts and presentation approaches and direct workers engaged in creating artwork, layout design, and copywriting for visual communications media, such as magazines, books, newspapers, and packaging. Interact with customers to provide information in response to inquiries about products and services and to handle and resolve complaints. Sell goods or services door-to-door or on the street. Coordinate activities of staff and convention personnel to make arrangements for group meetings and conventions. Sell goods for wholesalers or manufacturers to businesses or groups of individuals.Work requires substantial knowledge of items sold. Determine the demand for products and services offered by a firm and its competitors and identify potential customers. Develop pricing strategies with the goal of maximizing the firm’s profits or share of the market while ensuring the firm’s customers are satisfied. Oversee product development or monitor trends that indicate the need for new products and services. Research market conditions in local, regional, or national areas to determine potential sales of a product or service. May gather information on competitors, prices, sales, and methods of marketing and distribution. May use survey results to create a marketing campaign based on regional preferences and buying habits. Receive and process incoming orders for materials, merchandise, classified ads, or services, such as repairs, installations, or rental of facilities. Duties include informing customers of receipt, prices, shipping dates, and delays; preparing contracts; and handling complaints. Demonstrate merchandise and answer questions for the purpose of creating public interest in buying the product. May sell demonstrated merchandise. Coordinate and expedite the flow of work and materials within or between departments of an establishment according to production schedule. Duties include reviewing and distributing production, work, and shipment schedules; conferring with department supervisors to determine progress of work and completion dates; and compiling reports on progress of work, inventory levels, costs, and production problems. Rent, buy, or sell property for clients. Perform duties, including studying property listings, interviewing prospective clients, accompanying clients to property site, discussing conditions of sale, and drawing up real estate contracts. Includes agents who represent buyer. Buy merchandise or commodities, other than farm products, for resale to consumers at the wholesale or retail level, including both durable and nondurable goods. Analyze past buying trends, sales records, price, and quality of merchandise to determine value and yield. Select, order, and authorize payment for merchandise according to contractual agreements. May conduct meetings with sales personnel and introduce new products. Directly supervise sales workers in a retail establishment or department. Duties may include management functions, such as purchasing, budgeting, accounting, and personnel work, in addition to supervisory duties. Sell merchandise, such as furniture, motor vehicles, appliances, or apparel, in a retail establishment. Direct the actual distribution or movement of a product or service to the customer. Coordinate sales distribution by establishing sales territories, quotas, and goals and establish training programs for sales representatives. Analyze sales statistics gathered by staff to determine sales potential and inventory requirements and monitor the preferences of customers. Receive, store, and issue sales-floor merchandise. Stock shelves, racks, cases, bins, and tables with merchandise and arrange merchandise displays to attract customers. May periodically take physical count of stock or check and mark merchandise. Sell goods for wholesalers or manufacturers where technical or scientific knowledge is required in such areas as biology, engineering, chemistry, and electronics, normally obtained from at least 2 years of postsecondary education. Solicit orders for goods or services over the telephone. Data obtained November 2011 from Economic Modeling Specialists,

About This Chart

This chart is only a sampling of the careers that fall within this career cluster in the state of Mississippi.

Education Requirement Abbreviations AD – 2-year associate degree BD – 4-year bachelor’s degree C – 12- or 18-month certificate

DD – doctoral degree HS – high school diploma or GED MA – master’s degree

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A model pathways to success program Through Pathways to Success, all students will have the resources to identify, explore, and attain their career and academic goals. In elementary school: Students will be exposed to career exploration through interactive learning experiences.

In middle school: Students will investigate career options and identify individual programs of study (majors) related to their aspirations and abilities.

Beginning in the eighth grade, students will develop and annually update an individual Career and Academic Plan (iCAP) with help from counselors, mentor teachers, and parents. In high school: Students will be provided a variety of opportunities through Career Pathways experiences (job shadowing, apprenticeships, internships, and other work-related opportunities). Students will revisit and revise their iCAP annually, which will assist them in planning and preparing for postsecondary study, specialized training, and employment.

K–5: Career Awareness Introduction to the world of careers

6–8: Career Exploration Discovering areas of career interests and aptitudes

8: Choosing a career cluster and career pathway (can change easily at any time); Begin developing an iCAP

8–12: Academics and Career and Technical Education courses, intensive guidance, individual Career and Academic Plans

Postsecondary: Achieving credentials: college, certification, military

Employment: Continuing education and lifelong learning Page 8

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career pathway: MARKETING

Marketing is the process that creates, communicates, and delivers the message to the customer and maintains the relationship with customers.

Required Core for Graduation

Sample Core Choices For additional college entrance requirements, refer to the college of your choice. IHL Requirements found at 9




English Math

English I Algebra I or Geometry

English II Geometry or Algebra II


Physics or Biology I

Social Studies

Geography (0.5) & MS Studies (0.5)

Biology I or Chemistry I World History

English III Trigonometry, Pre-Calculus, or Algebra II Chemistry or Physics U.S. History

English IV Trigonometry, PreCalculus, Statistics, or AP Calculus Physics or science course U.S. Government (0.5) & Economics (0.5)

Additional State Comprehensive Health or Family and Individual Health (0.5) Requirements Business & Technology (1) Art Physical Education

Courses for Major

Complementary Course Work

Extended Learning Opportunity Options Related to Major

Business Fundamentals (2)* Business Fundamentals I (1) Business Fundamentals II (1) Marketing Essentials (1) Sales and Distribution (1) Career Pathway Experience (0.5, 1, 2)

Accounting I (1) Accounting II (1) Business Law (0.5) Communications in Business (0.5) International Business (1) Network Essentials (1) Community Service Learning (1) Global Studies (1) Oral Communications I (1) Oral Communications II (1) Foreign Language Art窶天isual Arts I (1) Entrepreneurship (1)

Career Mentoring Shadowing Internship DECA JROTC

* Upon completion of the course, student will receive credit for Personal Finance (0.5) and Economics (0.5).

Professional Opportunities Upon Graduation High School Diploma

Additional Training/ 2-year Degree

4-year Degree & Higher

Product Demonstrator Order Clerk Telemarketer

Sales Representative Retail Manager

Sales Manager Market Researcher Consultant Buyer Event Planner

complete your education For a successful career in marketing, continue your education beyond high school. There are several postsecondary options to choose from, depending on your long-term goals:

2-Year colleges Junior and community colleges offer 2-year programs that will earn you an associate or liberal arts degree. Often, the curriculum includes specialized career training and certification. Community colleges are an especially good option for students who want to further their educations close to home while expanding future college and career opportunities. Community and junior colleges receive public tax dollars at the local, state, and federal levels, so tuition is very low when compared to 4-year institutions. Community colleges can design their 2-year programs to transfer credits to a 4-year college or university, so after a few semesters at a community college, you can transfer and go on to earn a Bachelor of Arts or Science at a 4-year school with many of your general education requirements behind you. Page 10

4-Year colleges Public and private 4-year colleges offer undergraduate programs that lead to a bachelor’s degree. The public colleges and universities receive taxpayer funding from state and federal governments. If you are a resident of the state where the school is, your tuition will be much more affordable because you will receive an in-state discount for being a resident. Private institutions are funded primarily by organizational endowments, alumni contributions, and tuition. The cost of attending private colleges and universities is much higher than public colleges and universities.

military training U.S. Military Service offers a variety of opportunities for career development, especially in high-tech fields. All of the branches of service have internal training programs. Also, all offer aid for higher education in return for service commitments. Learn about all of the educational requirements offered through the military at the respective Web sites: Air Force Army U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Coast Guard Marines

For a strong economy in Mississippi, the skills gap must be closed.

57% -32% 25%

By 2020, jobs requiring a career certificate or college degree

Mississippi adults who currently have an associate degree or higher Skills gap

To get more information about Mississippi colleges and your options, including admission requirements, majors, tuition and fees, financial aid, and scholarships, please visit the following resources:

• For 4-year public universities: • For 2-year colleges: • For other options, including private colleges, please meet with your high school’s guidance counselor.

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core requirements for graduation career pathway option English


Math Science Social Studies Health/Physical Education Integrated Technology CTE Electives Electives Total

3 3 3 0.5 1 4 2.5 21 credits

traditional pathway option English


Math Science Social Studies Health/Physical Education Business & Technology Art Electives Total

4 4 4 0.5 1 1 5 24 credit minimum

district pathway option English


Math Science Social Studies Health Physical Education Business & Technology Art Electives Total

4 3 3 0.5 0.5 1 1 4 21 credit minimum

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outside resources You can find a wealth of information about career choices, postsecondary education, and scholarships on the Internet. Some resources to get you started are listed below.

Resources for Marketing

• American Advertising Federation: • American Association of Advertising Agencies: • American Marketing Association: • International Association of Business Communicators:

Resources for Education and Career Planning

• Career Communications, Inc: • Career Key: • Career Planner: • College Board: • Holland’s Self-Directed Search: • Mapping Your Future: • National Career Development Association: • O*NET Online: • Occupational Outlook Handbook: • Princeton Review: • Salary Information:

Web site addresses were correct at time of publication. If an address is no longer valid, please use an Internet search engine to locate the resource or a similar resource.

Marketing Student Organization

Getting involved with this organization while in high school can give you a better idea of your options within your chosen career path. Give your future a boost by participating in this high school organization:


DECA is a national, nonprofit organization for high school and college students. It prepares emerging leaders and entrepreneurs in marketing, finance, hospitality, and management in high schools and colleges around the globe. The High School Division includes 185,000 members in 5,000 schools.

More Information: Mississippi Department of Education Research and Curriculum Unit Denise Sibley Angela Kitchens

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education about jobs Please visit this Web site to download additional copies of Pathways to Success publications:

Mississippi Department of Education P.O. Box 771 Jackson, MS 39205-0771 MDE Disclaimer: The Mississippi Department of Education, Office of Career and Technical Education does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, age, or disability in the provision of educational programs and services or employment opportunities and benefits. The following office has been designated to handle inquiries and complaints regarding the nondiscrimination policies of the Mississippi Department of Education: Director, Office of Human Resources, Mississippi Department of Education, 359 North West Street, Suite 359, Jackson, MS 39201, 601.359.3511.


Marketing cluster booklet

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