Odds and ends with Craig and friends
One tough librarian Sleepy heads
sports page 13
A&E page 9
postscript page 16
the journal since
F R I D AY, O c t o b e r 1 , 2 0 1 0
Punk Vet, Triple Threat
New SIC Publication will promote ability awareness By Katherine Fernandez-Blance Assistant News Editor
employing young people are aware that stereotypes are false. “There isn’t a lot you can do to overcome stereotypes no matter what generation you’re in,” he said. “All Generation Y’s can do is prepare well for a job and try to do well once they’re in the workplace.” Steinberg said the survey commissioned by RSM Richter might help companies recognize the truth about their Generation Y employees. “We do the survey to determine myths and stereotypes in today’s work force,” he said. “We hire a lot of young people each year, so to become better recruiters we need to learn what younger people are thinking.” Steinberg said the survey found that most young people would prefer to avoid giant conglomerates.
The Social Issues Commission (SIC) has created a new magazine that will address misrepresentations of ability through various forms of visual and written art. Able will be added to SIC’s four existing annual publications, The Feminist Review, Outwrite, Headsup and cultureSHOCK. All publications address issues concerning marginalized issues through a magazine format. Founder and Chair of Able, Ben Jennings, developed the idea for the magazine when working on a zine about ability issues over the summer. “The community I am in is one in which people get their message out through zines, and I thought this would be a good format to express my message,” Jennings, ArtSci ’13, said. Zines are small-circulation, self-published productions that focus on specific social issues, Jennings said. He had been trying to contact people to contribute to the project when AMS Social Issues Commissioner Daniella Dávila, contacted him about creating a campus publication that would promote awareness about ability issues on campus. “I wanted to get Ben’s zine to become an actual publication to make it a lot more accessible to the student population,” Dávila, ArtSci ’11 said. “Able’s mandate is to demonstrate the intersections between abilities and other types of identities and marginalization,” she said. “We want to make the university aware of the systematic problems that exist.” At the Sept. 16 AMS Assembly, the policy for Able was presented and approved. A budget has been created for the magazine, and the funding will come from the AMS Assembly’s allocation, Dávila said, adding that the team’s next step is to get the word out about recruiting
Please see Generation on Page 4
Please see Able on Page 4
The Menzingers were one of three punk acts who performed Monday night at Time to Laugh Comedy Club.
photo by christine blais
Generation Y stereotypes proven wrong RSM Richter survey shows assumptions about Generation Y in the workplace aren’t always true By Jessica Fishbein Assistant News Editor Employers often think 18 to 25 year-olds are overconfident, but according to a new study by RSM Richter, stereotypes like this about Generation Y simply aren’t true. David Steinberg, co-managing partner of RSM Richter’s Toronto office, said his company’s August survey showed young people are often misperceived in the office. He said Generation Y’s aren’t
Volume 138, Issue 10 www.queensjournal.ca News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
A&E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Sports . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Editorials . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Postscript . . . . . . . . . . 16
Op-Ed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
arrogant. In fact, the survey showed that 30 per cent of Generation Y’s were concerned about not meeting expectations once in a new workplace. Sociology Department Head Vincent Mosco said the media often perpetuates generational stereotypes. “The media likes to present information in small and simple language. As a result, they oversimplify and find it easy to stereotype generations,” he said. “Generation Y is labeled as overconfident because Generation X was labeled slackers and other labels were already used on previous generations.” Mosco said there’s absolutely no reason for Generation Y’s to be labeled as overconfident in their abilities. “If anything, Generation Y’s lack confidence because they don’t
know if they have the skills to keep up in such a fast-moving world,” he said. “Generation Y people are better educated, which might lead to some sense of self confidence on their part, but I think this is entirely overruled by the state of economy.” According to Mosco, the biggest challenge facing Generation Y isn’t the prevalence of stereotypes in the workplace but the lack of jobs for them in the job market. “Saying the younger generation is overconfident in their abilities is a way of blaming the victim for their own circumstances. It’s a way of the older generation saying, ‘It’s your own fault,” he said, adding that Generation Y’s lack of success in the job market is due to the state of the market itself. Mosco said Generation Y stereotypes aren’t harmful because most people who are serious about
Friday, October 1, 2010
Clark Hall welcomes engineering alumni First ever Round Table Traditions shows students how to use opportunities at Queen’s in later life By Labiba Haque Assistant News Editor Notable Engineering alumni including the creator of Golden Words, the Tea Room and founder of Clark Hall Pub, returned to Queen’s on Tuesday to partake in Round Table Traditions Clark Hall Pub. The event was hosted by the Professional Engineering Perspectives (PEP) Talks. Mike O’Connor, Sci ’68 who started Golden Words said the creation of the newspaper was untraditional back then, but it has evolved into a prominent Queen’s tradition today. O’Connor started off the evening by speaking to the students about traditions. “I came to talk to you about traditions and I tell you that but you should know that I’m probably one of the most untraditional people you will have ever met in your life but I still think traditions are important, especially at Queen’s,” he told the crowd. O’Connor said he decided to start Golden Words because he felt the university needed another media outlet. “When I see you, I see me 46 years ago, but you are all different,” he said. O’Connor recalled that his roommate at Queen’s had bought a customized yellow leather jacket and put ‘Queen’s Engineering’ on the back, which led to the tradition of leather Engineering jackets today. Michele Romanow, Sci ’07 and MBA ’08 started the Tea Room and also sat on the Board of Directors for EngSoc. She said the event is a great way for students and alumni to connect. “I think it’s wonderful to share how I used my experience here and how it impacted my life. It means so such to have the opportunity to give back,” she said. Romanow said she first started the planning of the Tea Room during her second year at Queen’s and opened the store for the first time in the fall of 2007 during her fourth year. “We were at a very interesting point in time. We weren’t just telling engineers to make things lighter or faster anymore, we were telling
them to make things greener,” she said, adding that the Tea Room was a way to put the sustainability encouraged in engineering into a physical entity. “I think I was genuinely skeptical about [green engineering], so I thought why not take it and try to make it into something physical, like a high-marginal business like coffee and see if we can make it sustainable,” she said, adding that the Tea Room helped her gain experience that she uses as director of strategy for Sears Canada. “I think it largely operates in the same principles that it did when we first found it. It was about environment and education,” Romanow said. Brian Sterling, Sci ’74, said he was excited to speak to students about his experience at Queen’s and tell them about how an idea turned into Clark Hall Pub. “It was after an EngSoc meeting, I was on the EngSoc council and we were talking about how we could get students and professors together in a social [environment] sort of break down the barriers,” he said. “This was still in the days of where faculty was looked at like these removed god-like entities.” Sterling said at first they turned photo by Justin Tang a lounging room into a pub every Mike O’Connor Sci’68, creator of Golden Words, speaks to students about traditions at Queen’s. Friday afternoon from 3 p.m. to 6 p.m. do is work with people. So what I way they can. We’re not sure if it PEP Talks is hosting their “I think the first few times we did did when I went out to look for jobs will become a part of Eng Soc,” next event on Oct. 22, in it on a Friday afternoon we actually that involved working with people he said. which Chief Nuclear Officer put an ad on Golden Words,” he a lot and that meant sales,” Sterling McCormick said the committee Wayne Robbins will be said, adding that although it was said, adding that he now heads an really hopes it becomes a tradition speaking to students about difficult at first to get professors agricultural firm in Guelph. to host the Traditions at Clark Hall being an Engineer and to come, they always ensured they “Getting a good education is Pub night annually. Nuclear history. had at least three or four. important but using the opportunity “[We hope] it will continue after “When we first started it, we at Queen’s to learn outside the we leave the school,” he said. told people about it and said ‘if you classroom is probably as important bring a prof, you both get a free if not more important.” beer,’ ” he said. Kevin McCormick, an organizer Since those days, Sterling said for the event, greeted students at Clark has changed a lot. the talk and said it was a great Tuesday, Oct. 5 “Where the pillar is, that was opportunity for students to have a Friday, Oct. 1 the wall, the bar area used to be chance to listen to alumni and their Lunchtime Breathing Government of Canada’s rooms for the Engineering Society, stories about life after Queen’s. Meditation and the area in front of the stage “In engineering a lot of your Recruitment of Policy Leaders 12:20 p.m. to 12:50 p.m is where the Golden Words office classes are quite technical and you (RPL) program Ban Righ Centre was,” he said. can sometimes start to forget what 2 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. “It was small room; it was more engineering really is and what Gordon Hall room 325A AMS Clubs Night like a lounge than a pub. There was you could actually do with your 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. no bar, no fridges, no taps, basically degree,” McCormick, Sci ’11, said. Saturday, Oct. 2 Grant Hall it was a lounge that we turned into McCormick along with a pub for three hours on a Friday Vaughn DiMarco founded PEP Midnight Magic Rodeo Show Wednesday, Oct. 6 afternoon,” he said, adding that Talks in early 2010 and organized 9 p.m. to 1 a.m. each Friday they had to apply for a the event with the help of their The Grad Club Three Sisters Feast liquor license since they didn’t have committee members. 5 p.m. to 7 p.m. University licenses then. “We had an event last year at the Sunday, Oct. 3 Four Directions Sterling, who was in chemical very end, this was our third event,” Aborginal Centre engineering, said working at Clark McCormick said, adding that the Kingston Pride Fundraiser Hall Pub helped him realize his committee is supported by both 9 p.m. to 1 a.m. Thursday, Oct. 7 passion for working with people. the Faculty of Engineering and the The Grad Club “Clark Hall really helped me Engineering Society. Time Management Part 2: understand that what I really like to “They are both helping us either Monday, Oct. 4 Organizing for Action 12 p.m. to 1:20 p.m. Physiology Seminar: 7KJ>EH7D:H;M8?DAIL?I?JI Stauffer Library, Seminar Room 11:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. GK;;D I KD?L;HI?JO Botterell Hall, Room 449 Friday, Oct. 8
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Lecture: Moodle Face-to-Face Module 11 a.m. to 12 p.m. Mackintosh-Corry Hall, Room B176
Friday, October 1, 2010
Classrooms full of H’art Students with intellectual disabilities from the H’art School bring enthusiasm and a love of learning to Queen’s By Janina Enrile Contributor A local charity’s partnership with Queen’s is providing a university experience for individuals with intellectual disabilities. This year, over 20 students from H’art School of Smiles’ prep program will begin their five years of lectures, learning and university life. H’art School founder Katherine Porter said prep students go into classrooms and learn alongFside the rest of the other Queen’s students. But because they’re taking courses towards a Certificate of Learning rather than a degree, professors make accommodations for tests, assignments and notes. “In a music history class, Daniel [Pinsonneault] chose to write the exam and it was modified by a student volunteer and he got 17 out of 20,” Porter said. “They’re engaged … That’s the point.” H’art prep students are a part of the Inclusive Post Secondary Education (IPSE) program—a Canada-wide initiative to help integrate people with intellectual disabilities into society through education. So far, 10 .Queen’s instructors have volunteered spaces in their classrooms for H’art prep’s IPSE students and Porter said she is expecting five more. Being on campus as part of H’art prep encourages the heightening of social awareness through contributing to class discussions, Porter said. “It’s wonderful because [my students now have more] confidence and ability to navigate through our social community,” she said, adding that after graduation, she hopes her students will be able to find placements in their field. “In Alberta, they’ve been running an inclusivity program in four universities and 17 colleges for over 20 years and after an average of four to five years on campus, 90 per cent of them find work in the area of their study,” she said. Porter said it’s still too early to know what kind of success rate H’art School graduates will meet in the workplace. “We’ve only been operating for three years,” she said adding that students spend five years on campus and since the pilot for the program started in 2007, no one has yet graduated. Alana Young took part in the IPSE program during the 2010 winter term. “I took drama,” she said “It was fun because I got to know more people on main campus and more students in class.” She said her class put on a performance for second grade students at a nearby elementary school. “I was supposed to take part in the play but I was away a lot in March,” she said, adding that this turned out to be a positive in the end. “I got to sit out and watched my group act out a play.” Young said this year she will be taking either a computer course or an art course.
“I’m hoping art,” she said. Porter said the program Young knows came to fruition in June 2009. “We got the memorandum of understanding so that officially is when we had the relationship with Queen’s established,” she said, adding that this was the culmination of a long journey. The H’art School of Smiles was founded in 1998 with the mandate of supplementing typical support systems with a focus on fine arts, not available to those with an intellectual or developmental disabilities at the time. “What we were doing was offering a third option instead of employment or day programs,” Porter said, “There was nobody with the intention of helping the students actually learn something [or to] expand their knowledge.” Porter said she started the school because she was roused by how her son was coping with down syndrome. “He’d draw pictures and I’d communicate with pictures and colour,” Porter said, “It was just an evolution ... I established H’art through his inspiration. “I see the value of visual imagery and music and theatre,” Porter said, “All of those components of the fine arts help those with disabilities [and helps] a variety of them have the ability to communicate in some way.” When the H’art Studio program started there was a mix of high and low needs students, Porter says. Eventually, some of the students outgrew the studio program, having learned everything that they could. They wanted a program that would prepare them for postsecondary options so, in 2005, the H’Art prep program was born. This caught the attention of Dr. Rosemary Lysaght from the Queen’s University School of Rehabilitation Therapy. “[She] had [master’s] students start the first [kind of] research on the value of inclusive postsecondary education,” Porter said, adding that Masters of Education student, James Wintle, wrote his thesis about what was being done in relation to inclusive postsecondary education, based on H’art’s methods. After the memorandum was signed with the University in 2009, H’art School received a grant from Imperial Oil through the Queen’s Community Outreach Centre, an organization working with the University to students become engaged with each other and the community around them. Porter said she plans to use the money to hire a post-graduate student to help facilitate IPSE students on the Queen’s campus and create a more tangible presence. “Our goal is to have 50 [students] on campus every five years,” Porter said. This isn’t H’art prep program’s only avenue for expansion though. Porter said H’art is working with 10 volunteers from the Queen’s School of Business to provide more employment opportunities
for its students “The goal is to come up with a course proposal that would ask individuals in the School of Business … to create entrepreneurial programs that are social service oriented,” she said. “Anything that’s front line and social, not shovelling driveways or folding laundry.” She said jobs could include taking care of plants at a flower shop or making sandwiches for the elderly with Meals on Wheels. “Even though they may not get the cream jobs they need to be visible and included,” Porter said. While at Queen’s Porter said it’s important that students are included both inside and outside of the classroom. To ensure this, the studentrun Social Transition Education Program (STEP) pairs IPSE students with Queen’s students. Porter said the Queen’s students expose IPSE students to campus life. “On campus it’s their own support group for students after class. It keeps my students on campus doing what other students do,” she said. “Not one of my students has found any discrimination or abuse
or has any problems but [only] welcome or support.” Anastasia Tsyben, Artsci ’11, is the president of the Queen’s chapter of STEP. “We match up Queen’s students with these incoming students with developmental disabilities based on their profiles and interests,” she said. “Their role is to show the campus to the students.” She said Queen’s student volunteers meet up with the H’art students on a weekly basis. “They [go]for coffee or to go to the gym and they become friends. It’s a great way for them to feel at home,” she said. “We also organize monthly social events for all the volunteers and students and we throw a party or see a movie.” While this year’s team of volunteers has yet to be hired, Tsyben said she hopes to expand the program from last year. Jennifer Moore, Con-Ed ’11, is this year’s vice-president and one of last year’s 15 Queen’s volunteers. She said she really enjoyed working with the students from H’art School. “All of the students have a lot
of energy and a real desire to learn all that they can,” she said, adding that she and her buddy went to the QP, cheered on the Gaels at football games and went to see shows. The hardest part was finding time, she said. “A lot of the students are really busy and involved with other things,” she said. “It was challenging to try and schedule times or even to coordinate with your buddy because everyone had other commitments.” Moore said that even though the scheduling was hard, the students made it worth her while. “I find that [Queen’s has] a lot of full time students on campus. People often complain about school and they don’t recognize the privilege that they have,” she said. “These [IPSE] students are so excited and passionate about the courses they’re taking. It’s so refreshing to talk to people who are interested in what they are doing. It kind of brightens my experience every time we hang out.” —With files from Rachel Kuper
H’art School prep program student Daniel Pinsonneault recieved 17 out of 20 during the winter semester on his history of music exam at Queen’s.
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 1, 2010
Able aims to fill void on campus Continued from Page 1
for Able. Applications are being accepted for committee positions which will make up the editorial board of the magazine.
“I wanted to get Ben’s zine to become an actual publication to make it a lot more accessible to the student population.” —Daniella Dávila, AMS social issues commissioner
PHOTO BY JUSTIN TANG
Ben Jennings, ArtSci ’13 (left) and Daniella Dávila ArtSci ArtSci ’11 (right)
say they are currently looking for an editorial staff for Able.
Jennings said he hopes the magazine will fill a void on campus in terms of advocating for ability issues. “There are socially acceptable and unacceptable aspects of ability issues that people want to talk about. A lot is being left out of the conversation that I want to get in the magazine,” he said. “People are very ready to talk about structural accessibility of buildings but they don’t want to talk about the personal aspect.”
Able will be in the same format as the SIC’s existing magazines, Jennings said, adding that he’s looking for contributors to submit art, poems, pictures and reviews of books or films that focus on ability issues. He said that while everyone is encouraged to contribute, Able’s mandate states that priority will be given to those who identify as having disabilities or impairments, though self-identification is not a requirement. Though still in the planning process, Jennings hopes to work with Accessibility Queen’s and other campus committees that deal with ability issues to help organize events for Able. “I’ve have a lot of people expressing interest so far and asking how to apply. People are starting to know its happening,” Jennings said. Able will be published in March 2011 along with the SIC’s other publications.
‘Generation Y’s have a lot of different ideas’ Continued from Page 1
35-54 year old plan to work for the same employer for their whole career, while 41 per cent of respondents 18-34 anticipate working with the same employer for up to three years. “Everything in life has become faster and better. Everyone wants to fast track, and it is common to fast track through school to get better grades,” said Steinberg, adding that historically people looked for jobs which presented the best opportunity, but the pace “When the younger generation of the working world is much faster today. wants a quick fix at everything, “When the younger generation wants a quick fix at everything, you’d think this you’d think this would apply would apply to work life too.” to work life too.” Jenny Zhang, junior audit associate for —David Steinberg, co-managing RSM Richter, said she was surprised to hear partner of RSM Richter’s Toronto office that a lot of Generation Y’s expected to stay with a company for longer periods of time. “We assume that everyone in our Generation Y was always taught to keep generation is looking to jump from job to their options open. Steinberg said roughly 25 per cent of job but the survey showed people are looking In fact, only 22 per cent of 18-to-34 year olds want to work in a company with over 500 people. Over 1,000 Canadians aged 18 and over took part in the Aug. 16 to 17 survey. Age groups surveyed included 18-34, 35-54 and 55 and over, but RSM Richter looked at the results of the 18-34 group specifically, Steinberg said.
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to build a community and stay in the same place,” she said. Zhang, Comm ’11, said that in her experience working in a smaller firm is a lot less intimidating and daunting than a big firm, where you wouldn’t get to know everybody you’re working with. “In my experience, employers realize that younger people grew up in a world where the amount of information that hits us is much higher than what they would’ve dealt with,” she said, adding that she doesn’t feel
she’s been discriminated against by employees because she’s from a younger generation. Stereotypes arise if you don’t get to know the other party, Zhang said. “Stereotypes about Generation Y’s arise of lack of knowledge, but employers see that Generation Y’s have a lot of different ideas and innovative ideas that can improve companies,” she said.
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Breakfagst Brunch, L , and D unch seven da inner ys a w eek!
Contact our full-service catering department for your next meeting, party or event.
According to an RSM Richter survey, Generation Y’s aren’t overconfident in their abilities and want to work in medium sized firms.
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 1, 2010
McMaster union may strike McMaster’s Service Employees International Union (SEIU Local 2) may strike as early as Oct. 1, McMaster’s Daily News reported. The union represents skilled trades, maintenance and operations, custodial and cleaning staff at the university. The union has been bargaining with the university since Sept. 20 towards a collective agreement before their contract expired on Sept. 30. Half of the contract has been settled, but the monetary-half remains unresolved. McMaster expects the union to provide advanced notice of the strike, the Daily News reported. If the union decides to pursue the strike and picket, this might cause delays getting to the university’s campus. A contingency planning group is working to ensure the health and safety of the university community in the case of a strike. —Katherine Fernandez-Blance
Olympian joins U of C Dinos Athletics of the University of Calgary announced last Wednesday that gold-medal winning Captain of the 2010 Women’s Olympic Hockey Team, Hayley Wickenheiser will be playing for them. The 32-year-old captained the women’s hockey team, leading Canada to a third consecutive Olympic gold medal. Throughout her career Wickenheiser has won three Olympic gold medals and one silver medal. Although she is going to be playing for the Dinos, she still remains the captain of the National Women’s Hockey team. Wickenheiser decided to play for the Dinos due to her friendship with former Team Canada teammate Danielle Goyette, reported The Gauntlet, U of C’s campus newspaper, on Sept. 23. Goyette is currently head coach of the Calgary Dino’s women’s hockey program. Wickenheiser is eligible to play in Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) hockey because she is a full-time enrolled student at the University. Unlike men’s hockey, professional
experience is not an eligibility factor. Wickenheiser will be making her debut against Regina on Oct. 8. —Labiba Haque
lack of knowledge over the whereabouts of the Huran-Wendat people has caused U of T to stall in returning the remains to the proper descendants. In 2000, the Huron-Wendat received remains of its descendants that were kept in
Ottawa Parliament buildings after 10 years of negotiations with the Canadian government. —Jessica Fishbein
McGill scraps MCAT McGill University will no longer be requiring its medical school applicants to submit their scores for the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) when applying for admission into the McGill Faculty of Medicine. The decision was announced in July and was made in an effort to make the application process more accessible to francophone students. The MCAT is a standardized test administered by the Association of American Medical Colleges. The scores from the test are required by most Medical schools within Canada and the United States upon application. The test is only administered in English, and has consequently incited criticism from the francophone community. In Canada, only six of the 17 medical schools do not require MCAT scores for admission. The University of Ottawa, Université de Montréal, Université Laval, Université de Sherbrooke, and now McGill University are included in this list, and are all bilingual or francophone institutions. McMaster University only requires scores from the verbal reasoning section of the MCAT. —Katherine Fernandez-Blance
U of T must return bones University of Toronto is being asked to return the bones of Huran-Wendat skeletons to their descendants. The remains are currently in the University of Toronto St. George and Mississauga anthropology buildings. The Varsity reported on Sept. 13 that a
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Q u ee n ’ s
Friday, October 1, 2010
the journal Cough-out smoking ads T
he federal government has said it needs more time to consider how to move forward with more aggressive anti-smoking advertising measures. The statement was prompted by a letter written by a group of anti-smoking organizations in June. The letter called for the government to introduce larger and more graphic warning labels on cigarette packs, which would also include a mention of a 1-800 helpline and website aimed at those trying to quit. Cigarette warning labels almost exclusively target those who already smoke, but it’s too easy to avoid the advertising on cigarette packages, simply by asking for the least graphic one on display or by carrying cigarettes in a case. Once a pack is purchased, the effectiveness of the advertising becomes questionable— smokers need to look at the advertising for mere moments, while the process of smoking a pack takes far longer. It’s interesting to note that this problem may be exacerbated by a different, though more effective, anti-smoking measure. Previously introduced “power wall” legislation requires all tobacco products sold in convenience stores in Ontario and Quebec
to be covered by shields. While the power wall shields keep cigarettes out of sight, it also reduces the effectiveness of the anti-smoking ads, ensuring that cigarette packages remain invisible until someone has already decided to buy one. While the fact that smoking kills is almost common knowledge, individuals across Canada and around the world continue to smoke. Anti-smoking groups should focus on reaching individuals before they start smoking—or those who are already in the process of quitting. More emphasis should be placed on reaching young people before they or their peers start smoking. Further restrictions on smoking in public would ensure that smoking becomes less convenient and less visible. If anti-smoking groups want to target smokers directly, they should lobby for measures that smokers can’t avoid. Aggressive “sin” taxes on cigarettes would hit smokers where it hurts—their wallets. While the push for more visible warnings is certainly guided by good intentions, it doesn’t seem like the most practical way to spend money in an effort to combat smoking.
Ensuring that sex workers can work safely has nothing to do with questions of morality, and everything to do with human rights. Brothel-keeping would allow prostitutes to screen prospective clients, and create a support network by working in a secure location. Individuals concerned about living near a brothel should acknowledge that this is a safer—and far more subtle—alternative to street prostitution. This decision does raise many questions, especially in the interim period while the government debates drafting new laws to combat prostitution. There are no guarantees against a new set of laws as confusing as before. The concern put forth by the Crown— that easing or removing laws that “combat” prostitution will encourage people to pursue it as a “career choice”—are absurd. It is likely that social stigma will always surround sex work, hardly glamorizing it. Similarly, the suggestion that prostitution is inherently degrading overlooks the fact that other forms of employment—like exotic dancing—are subject to the same critique. While the Crown may appeal Judge Himel’s decision, overturning such a reasonable step forward would be a mistake.
Prostitution: on in Ontario n Ontario Superior Court judge struck down a major portion of the province’s prostitution law on Tuesday. Judge Susan Himel concluded that prostitution laws don’t protect women who work in the sex trade, but place them in harm’s way by forcing them to work in secrecy and in dangerous environments. Canada’s prostitution laws are notoriously convoluted. Prostitution itself is not illegal, but practically every action involved with it is. Judge Himel’s decision overturned three major sections of the prostitution law which criminalize communication for the purpose of prostitution, living off the avails of prostitution and brothel-keeping. The challenge was launched by three female sex workers. While some may not be pleased with the decision, it seems guided by common sense. Forcing prostitution underground doesn’t make it go away. By making prostitution less visible, we sacrifice the well-being of sex workers. In the meantime, those who work in the sex trade face public stigma and legal repercussions that make seeking medical attention or reporting threats and violence nearly impossible.
Fauxcoming still going Jake Edmiston
egardless of a decrease in numbers for attendance and arrests compared to previous years, this year’s party on Aberdeen St. was no triumph for Queen’s or for the city of Kingston. I got home on Saturday night with my shoes covered in horse shit, looking for someone to blame. But there’s no figurehead to execute. Looking for someone to demonize when discussing the Aberdeen event is a futile practice. There isn’t a single culprit. The spread of pictures from Aberdeen St.—be it on Facebook, in the Whig-Standard or the Journal—take away our faces as Queen’s students. This body of over 20,000 students has a wide variety of interests and attitudes, but in the pictures we are a drunken horde menacing our neighbours and milking hundreds of thousands of dollars from the municipal purse for the police presence required to keep us in line. Kingston has a population of over 100,000, yet when it comes to describing its residents within a Town-Gown context there are only two portraits—the curmudgeon and the drunken student with a sense of entitlement. It’s an issue of misconception and Aberdeen illustrates it effectively. I saw one police officer berate a girl with his finger an inch from her nose. She had stopped to talk on the sidewalk instead of adhering to the “keep walking” policy. Another public order officer told me he volunteered to police Fauxcoming last
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Assistant Arts & Entertainment Editor
Friday, October 1, 2010 • Issue 10 • Volume 138 The Queen’s Journal is an editorially autonomous newspaper published by the Alma Mater Society of Queen’s University, Kingston. Editorial opinions expressed in the Journal are the sole responsibility of the Queen’s Journal Editorial Board, and are not necessarily those of the University, the AMS or their officers. Contents © 2010 by the Queen’s Journal; all rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior permission of the Journal. The Queen’s Journal is printed on a Goss Community press by Performance Group of Companies in Smiths Falls, Ontario. Contributions from all members of the Queen’s and Kingston community are welcome. The Journal reserves the right to edit all submissions. Subscriptions are available for $120.00 per year (plus GST). Please address complaints and grievances to the Editors in Chief. Please inquire about further grievance policies if you are not satisfied with the response. Please direct editorial, advertising and circulation enquiries to: 190 University Avenue, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3P4 Telephone : 613-533-2800 (editorial) 613-533-6711 (advertising) Fax: 613-533-6728 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org The Journal Online: www.queensjournal.ca Circulation 6,000 Issue 11 of Volume 138 will be published on Tuesday, October 5, 2010
Editorial Board Editor in Chief
Production Manager Leslie Yun
Assistant News Editors
weekend to ensure public safety and escape Toronto for the weekend. Chants of “Fuck the Police” were directed at all officers lining the street, regardless of their personal motives for working. This binary between Queen’s students and non-Queen’s students won’t die fast and neither will Aberdeen St. I hesitate to use “Kingston residents” to refer to nonstudents because the term is an umbrella that reaches inhabitants of the Queen’s Ghetto. We all live here. But lawns in the Ghetto are largely vacant of campaign advertisements for this month’s municipal elections. This election is an opportunity for students to assume the role of resident instead of the perceived transient pillagers of the Limestone City. Debates between candidates for mayor and city councillors are an opportunity for students to display an investment in this community. Every question posed by a student to a prospective councillor will help to indicate that the students of Queen’s are engaged members of the Kingston community—and not part of a binary that is divisive and ever-present. The student Ghetto and campus is split between three city districts. There’s a district boundary map available at cityofkingston.ca. Debates for the position of councillor in these districts are an appropriate venue to vent about last weekend. This year, bitching to friends about Aberdeen isn’t the only option available.
Elias Da Silva-Powell Adam Zunder
Opinions and Letters editor
Lauri Kytömaa Kelly Loeper
Andrew Stokes Catherine Owsik
Carlee Duchesne Lianne Lew Jesse Weening
the journal Katherine Fernandez-Blance Jessica Fishbein Labiba Haque
Features Editor Jake Edmiston
Staff Writers/Photographers Parker Mott, Anand Srivastava
Gina Elder, Janina Enrile, Jonah Muzyka, Alexander Rotman, Nick Roy
Friday, October 1, 2010
Divesting from ourselves
Those concerned with social and environmental justice must find a better way to protest
Alexander Rotman, ArtSci ’13 Like everyone else, I have opinions on political and social issues, but this is not a political article. I do not intend to attack groups or individuals who have views different from my own. While I may have distaste for the groups I mention, my criticism is based on their means, not their ends. Over the last few years at Queen’s, a new method has arisen for groups to further a political agenda. It’s called divestment. Most people do not understand divestment, or what it entails. It means the University would withdraw all its funds in stocks, bonds, and other investments from an entity, for the purpose of protest and boycott. I have nothing against protest, but I take issue with this form of boycott. Everyone is entitled to their own opinion, but why subject other people to your will? Why play with their future, or the value of their education? As a student, you may ask how divestment affects you. I assure you, there are many ways. I will start with a few grounded assumptions. Most students are strapped for cash, and as such they detest increases in tuition and student fees. And like students, Queen’s University is running a very tight budget.
Destroying students financially is not an effective way to protect the environment and amounts to a political protest against environmental degradation. Successful, large-scale divestment campaigns would spell financial ruin for this University. For example, let’s take last year’s contentious divestment campaign targeting the Alberta oil sands. If it had succeeded, the University would have withdrawn all its funds from companies involved in the oil sands. In response, students would face more problems than they solved.
Putting aside the environmental impact of the oil sands, these companies are all very profitable, and contribute greatly to the Canadian economy. They are also very stable, so they make good investments. The money from these investments helps to ease the university’s financial burden. If we pulled the rug out from underneath ourselves, we as students would either face substantial tuition increases, or drastic cuts to services and academic standards in order to cover the funding loss the campaign has created. If divestment was successful, the University would willingly forfeit greater financial returns to support a partisan political agenda. And regardless of where you stand on the climate change debate, a divestment of Queen’s capital would make little difference to the environment.
It helps neither us nor the world to divest from things that bring us direct and tangible benefit. The Athabasca oil sands have been valued between $342.1 billion and $1.4 trillion, while the entire Queen’s endowment is worth less than $500 million. If the small portion of the endowment invested in the oil sands were removed, it would have an infinitesimally small impact on the overall capital investments of the project. Any vacuum created by this would be quickly filled by other investors. Destroying students financially is not an effective way to protect the environment and only amounts to a political protest against environmental degradation. The oil industry and the environment would be left virtually unaffected. The only real result would be a weak display of protest and damage to the student experience. As long as the United States buys oil from the oil sands they will continue to exist and maintain profit. Another example is the divestment campaign against Israel. It has become a heated issue at many universities across North America, thankfully less so at Queen’s. The proponents of this campaign claim to detest collective punishment, but readily invoke it
... around campus Photos By Craig Draeger
Should Homcoming be reinstated next year?
“The University should plan something for the students.” Supplied
The Athabasca oil sands were the target of an unsuccessful divestment campaign at Queen’s last year. on Israeli businesses to criticize the actions of the Israeli government. But it goes beyond questions of morality. Israel has a number of successful start-up companies that are very profitable, and stand at the forefront of various technological and medical advances. As a Canadian, you should reject Israeli divestment because the technological advancements and medical breakthroughs that come out of Israel improve our country. Divesting from Israeli businesses or the oil sands amounts to divesting from the whole economy, and the various profit it provides. It helps neither us nor the world to divest from things that bring us direct and tangible benefit.
When considering divestment as a tool of protest, we must look past the political agenda to the cost the University and its students face. Quizzically, many of the same groups that are recklessly putting the University in a weaker financial position with their divestment agenda have the audacity to demand the University not cut programs in response to the drop in funding. They demand the University continue to function as it did before divestment. As any knowledgeable economics student will tell you, in the absence of investment returns, your options for raising revenue are taxation and spending cuts. That’s why the proponents of divestment campaigns can’t be taken seriously. They will put fellow students (and themselves) in a weaker
Keith Dell, Comm ’13
financial position in order to further their own agenda, and hold student dollars as collateral. Having said all this, there are some circumstances under which divestment may be necessary or beneficial, such as a reallocation of funds toward better investments.
If divestment was successful, the University would willingly forfeit greater financial returns to support a partisan political agenda. And there are just grounds for limited divestment on moral or ethical grounds. It would be justified to divest from organizations complicit in terrorist activities which would confer a serious compromise in the national security of Canada, but this would need to be judged on a case by case basis. Those concerned with achieving social or environmental justice must find better ways to achieve their goals than divestment. Their cause would be better served by awareness campaigns, speakers or governmental advocacy. In summary, the ends can’t justify the means. While the proponents of divestment mean well, divestment schemes are harmful to us as students. When considering divestment as a tool of protest, we must look past the political agenda to the cost the University and its students face. And we must carefully consider the unintended financial and social ramifications of divestment before allowing it to be implemented.
Have an opinion? Submit a letter to email@example.com
“It’ll never be the same.” Ahmad Antar, Sci ’13
“I should get a chance to experience it.” Daniel Hershkop, ArtSci ’14
“I think it should be.” Celina Zhang, ArtSci ’14
“Yes.” Cat Machado, ArtSci ’13
Friday, October 1, 2010
Time to mosh at Time to Laugh
Journal photo editor Christine Blais stuck it to the man Monday night, capturing what went down when The Menzingers, Les Vulgaires Machins and Anti-Flag rolled through Kingston
photos by christine blais
Hawks were coiffed for political punk-rockers Anti-Flag, Scranton natives The Menzingers and French Canadian favourites Les Vulgaires Machins.
WALL STREET: MONEY NEVER SLEEPS 3 S T A RS OU T O F 4 By Parker Mott Staff Writer Movie: Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps Starring: Michael Douglas, Shia LaBeouf and Carey Mulligan Director: Oliver Stone Duration: 129 minutes It was 23 years ago when the original Wall Street introduced us to the reptilian Gordon Gekko. Wall Street is a film I loved. Brutally underrated, it told us something about our post-Cold War ambitions. Now comes along its extensive sequel, Money Never Sleeps, a oneliner title acting more as a tagline than actually describing the essence of the film. Stone should be calling this “The Sleeping Nickel” or “The Penny Pusher” but he wants to avoid camp this time. Money Never Sleeps is not as aggressive or empowered as the first Wall Street, but Stone, a terrific director, is not stupid. Its
patient pacing (some may negate it as slack) illustrates the malaise of modernity as an economic splendor, the stock market, reaches an unfourtunate pitfall. Gordon Gekko (Michael Douglas) is more of an antihero this time. We first see him departing from prison after a seven year sentence—he looks like a boxer shamefully leaving the boxing ring after a tough loss. Gekko says nothing and Stone barely has the obligation to put Gekko in a close-up. One thing we do know for sure: Gekko’s in a new world now, one that requires no oldfashioned mobile phones and that provides “one gold money clip with no money in it.” In the busy streets of New York, there’s always that aspiring-astute amateur—from Bud Fox (Charlie Sheen, who has a brief cameo here) to Jacob Moore (Shia LaBeouf). Moore’s house looks upon the city lights, suggesting the motivations of Stone’s protagonists. By Jake’s side is Winnie Gekko (Carey Mulligan), a writer for a leftist blog, his fiancé, and Gordon’s estranged daughter. Stone, as crafty as he can be, is never shrewd constructing his female characters (Darryl Hannah was a write off in
the original and so was Elizabeth Banks as Laura Bush in W.). This film is not different and most of the time Winnie is either shedding a tear or throwing television remotes across the room—when she could have easily just clicked the off button. In a sense it’s telling a familiar narrative, one centered around the depths and intrigue of Gordon Gekko, but Money Never Sleeps has a different bow on the wrapping paper. For most of the picture, it
works. Gekko, being the snake that he is, demands our sympathy at first. He makes a speech to several university students, asking “is greed good?” not simply stating greed is good. I wouldn’t say Gekko is a changed man (Stone creates the character so that Gekko would refuse redemption), but the speech juxtaposes a similar talk in the original. From the first Wall Street, Gekko’s speech was turgid eloquence. Here it’s full of
vulnerable assertions and a little rueful too. By the end of his speech, he comically states: “three words: buy my book.” Stone’s environment is much more downcast than its predecessor because this is about the 2008 financial crisis. Jobs dwindle gradually; proxies and businessman become mercenary, but soon realize it never lasts. Stone suggests this change of economic formula through Louis Zabel Please see Big on page 12
The ruthlessly lucrative-minded Gordon Gekko is back in Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps.
Friday, October 1, 2010
Arts & Entertainment
Kingston holds a special place in Cardiff’s heart—it was the first place he shared his work outside the comfort of his native Waterloo.
‘Stories are anchors in the brain’s ocean that the boats of songs tether to’ Next time you’re sipping at The Sleepless Goat, keep an eye out for 21st century troubadour Craig Cardiff, he might just be the guy at the next table gaining inspiration from your conversation By Nick Roy Contributor Clark Hall Pub is in for a real treat this weekend with back-to-back shows by one of Ontario’s most esteemed singer-songwriters, Craig Cardiff. In his 14 years as a professional musician, Cardiff has sparked emotion and imagination in people across Canada. It’s been over a year since he came to the Wolfe Island Grill and thrilled audiences, so back-to-back shows on Saturday, Oct. 2 and Sunday, Oct. 3 are a rarity and not ones to be missed. Waterloo born and raised, Cardiff has been involved with music from a young age. “My mom told me her first love was a pianist named Lyle that she fell in love with while working at a resort in Honey Harbour, in Georgian Bay,” he said. “I asked specific questions about his job and it appeared that he only really worked a few hours out of the day, and his work was playing Tiny Dancer and show tunes—I immediately signed up!” Kingston has been a special place to Cardiff for many years now. “Years ago my friends organized my first show outside of the Kitchener-Waterloo area at the QP,” Cardiff said. “I stop in Kingston often for food at the Sleepless Goat, and to eavesdrop on tables.” A storyteller at heart, Cardiff is renowned for his acoustic guitarplaying and soft voice, as well as the ingenious use of a digital looping pedal he performs with, which he uses to layer guitar and vocal effects
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overtop of each other. “Stories are anchors in the brain’s ocean that the boats of songs tether to,” Cardiff said, “Stories need the songs as much as the songs need the stories.” Cardiff has a dozen releases, including nine albums and three EPs, with his first, Judy Garland! (You’re Never Home) released in 1996. His most recent album, Mistletoe, released in December 2009, was actually recorded wholly on an iPod touch. He has two new albums coming out for release very shortly— Mothers and Daughters, due out December of this year, and Floods and Fires, to be released in February 2011. Unlike many artists,
Cardiff is quite willing to share his music freely; often offering free downloads of new material. “Letting go makes things better,” Cardiff said, showing off his simple and sensible outlook on his career. With a wide variety of stories to tell, it makes sense that Cardiff has a variety of influences—B.B King, Ani DiFranco and Scott Merritt, among many others. Special to the Clark Hall shows this weekend are opening acts by Andrea Gauster a Queen’s Medical Student, Mike Evin of Montréal and Ben Hermann from northern Ontario. Personal connections matter to musicians on this scale. “Andrea is a neat singer-songwriter who opened up
Cardiff is bringing along friends Andrea Gauster, Mike Evin and Ben Hermann as reinforcement for his shows this weekend.
for the show on Wolfe Island,” Cardiff said. “Mike Evin is a friend from Montréal and has been recording on my new album. He has a great stage presence and strong songs and we have similar senses of humour and appreciation of the absurd. I’m also co-producing Ben’s new album and I’m excited to bring him out to see everyone” While the Clark Hall shows are licensed 19-and-over events, some Queen’s students took it upon themselves to organize an all-ages house concert preceding the Saturday show for those unable to attend the shows at the pub. “We wanted to put together an all-ages show and a few staff from Red Pine Camp organized the event,” Cardiff said. While the address of the house is not publicly being released, those who want to attend should know it’s happening from 7-9 p.m. on Saturday, before the first show at Clark Hall, and you can find the
organizers on Facebook. As a travelling musician, Cardiff has played in all sorts of venues. Some notable gigs this past year include the Ottawa Folk Festival, a farmer’s field in Tsawwassen, Ontario for 200 people and by the canal in Montréal on a perfect summer’s night. Cardiff has certainly come across many strange things on his journeys across Canada. “I’d be spoiling it to explain,” Cardiff said, “but some teasers are Michigan taser, Halifax penis casting, Wolfville stage wetting, Ottawa sleep driver and Kingston hand dancing.” Without question Craig Cardiff is a man full of stories. Craig Cardiff plays Clark Hall Pub tomorrow and Sunday at 9 p.m. Tickets are $10 in advance at the Tea Room or Clark Hall and $20 at the door.
Arts & Entertainment
10 • queensjournal.ca
Friday, October 1, 2010
The magical midnight menagerie artist in profile 1. Who are you? Rich Tyo. Along with some friends, I have started a little music and art collective in town called The Midnight Magic Rodeo Show. We raise awareness, inspire and make art and music together. My friends, The Watters Brothers, will be coming from Ottawa to celebrate their new CD with us and a bunch of other local bands (From The Sun, Orange Alabaster Mushroom solo acoustic), poets, artists and good people.
2. What do you do? I write a lot (poetry, songs, stories), play a bit of music, host a radio show on CFRC (Free Radio) and try to be a positive influence on the community. 3. How, when and where did the arts collective and The Watters Brothers form? I think the Watters Brothers formed sometime 20-odd years ago in Douglas, Ontario when two brothers (Danny and Muddy) began to play music together in their childhood. They have refined their craft over the years, honing
the best psychedelic blues and rock of the past to make their own unique sound. The Midnight Magic Rodeo Show began this year among friends in Kingston. We had our first creative brainstorm/open jam at the Grad Club in January. We have them monthly. This show on Friday, Oct 1 will be our third event. 4. If you had a mission statement, what would it be? To inspire and empower young and old alike. I like to challenge people and their notions of ‘normal’ and what they’re capable of doing. 5. What are obsessions?
The Watters Brothers are celebrating the release of their debut Rock and Roll Mansion at The Grad Club tomorrow.
Good friends and enthusiastic soon-to-be friends together in a wild night of anything goes. Live music, live art, happy people. We also like to get a subtle message across (i.e. raise awareness about mental health, positive psychology, grass roots, etc.)
“I get some inspiration from the old ‘happenings’ of the 1960’s: blurred boundaries of performer and audience, a bit of spontaneity and different art forms happening at the same time” —Rich Tyo, Midnight Magic Rodeo Show founder
The sitar (can’t play it), chimichangas (fun word, good snack), songwriting, making/ admiring collages, imagination, spontaneity and 88 mm cameras with expired film.
9. What inspires you?
6. How would you describe your sound to someone who’s never heard you jam?
10. Do you see collaborating as an important part of the project?
Depends at any given time, but when we have MMRS jams it’s usually a mixture of hip-hop freestyle, poetry, bluesy guitar, shakers, clapping, laughter and more. The Watters Brothers’ sound is very eclectic, but you can hear some blues, rock, soul, R&B and Jimi Hendrix influence for sure. You can dance to it, quite easily I might add. 7. What’s the best thing someone’s said to you about your project? The worst? The best: ‘I’m in!’
People, relationships, struggle, other people’s art and music, positive people, film, literature, new ideas.
Yes, to an extent. I like people doing their own thing, but it is important to have some ‘reciprocal inspiration’ going on as well. I get some inspiration from the old ‘happenings’ of the 1960’s: blurred boundaries of performer and audience, a bit of spontaneity and different art forms happening at the same time. We can feed off of each other. 11. What’s next for Midnight Magic Rodeo Show and The Watters Brothers? The Watters Brothers are going to keep rockin’ no matter what! This show is part of their CD release tour. The album is called
Rock and Roll Mansion. As for the Midnight Magic Rodeo Show, we will continue working on new projects, whether a zine, events, public art performances, songs, awareness campaigns, etc. The more people that get involved, the more it becomes. 12. Where can eager ears/eyes find you? Find us at the show! Friday Oct 1st at the Grad Club, 9 p.m. At monthly meetings (keep an eye out for posters around town). CFRC, The Artel, The Mansion, Grad Club, The Goat, Wolfe Island. The Watters Brothers reside in Ottawa, playing gigs around town. 13. What inspires the visual aspects of the project? It depends on the artist, but we also hope that when there’s live art making at the show, that people are inspired by the overall atmosphere, the music and the fact that they are comfortable doing it. 14. What can people expect from your live shows/workshops at The Grad Club? A good time. Something they haven’t seen before. Positive, creative energy. They can expect to share their ideas and art if willing. Zine, art making, video projections and an experimental drum circle are open to all tonight at The Midnight Magic Rodeo Show and The Watters Brothers album release party at the Grad Club at 9 p.m. Tickets are $5-$10. —Ally Hall
The worst is when people don’t take the time to bother. But really, that’s their choice and their loss … we make it very open. The rest is up to you to find your niche. 8. What’s your idea of the perfect gig/event?
Rich Tyo endeavors all things creative including music, art, poetry, collage, photography, performance and literature.
Arts & Entertainment
Friday, October 1, 2010
Elias cite bands like Muse and Radiohead as unyielding sources of inspiration for their reverberating grooves.
‘We always search for clarity and not obscurity’ Vancouver three-piece Elias took some time to talk to the Journal about crowds, classes, the CASBYs and Coldplay before embarking on their latest Canadian tour By Gina Elder Contributor Upon asking Robert Turnroos, the lead guitarist of Vancouver-based indie rock group Elias, about the origins of their band name, he replied “Well, I don’t want to spoil the film for you, but he dies at the end.” Their unique moniker comes from the character Elias, the passionate sergeant in the 1986 Academy Award winning war film Platoon. Sadly the character is shot multiple times to the chest and left for dead. “The message is sometimes the good guys don’t always win,” Turnroos said. Elias formed in 2005, recording their first self-titled EP in 2006. The band consists of Turnroos, lead singer and pianist Brian Healy and drummer Stefan Tavares. Despite only being on the music scene for a few years, they have already established themselves as an up-and-coming band to watch. Their single “I Hear Drums” has been heard on the hit television show Degrassi and their new single “Thousand Pieces” is already
getting repeated plays on the airwaves. Their most popular single “All We Want” is a dark, Muse-like anthem with unique riffs. Turnroos resides in Langley, Vancouver and has been playing guitar since his early teens. “I was always known as the guy who was really good at guitar,” Turnroos said.
“I was always known as the guy who was really good at guitar ... ” —Robert Turnroos, lead guitarist of Elias He said he took a few music classes in high school, but was mostly selftaught. Finding that classes were mostly theory-based, he decided not to pursue post-secondary education. “I wasn’t very good at anything else,” Turnroos said with a laugh. “With guitar, it fell into place. I hope everyone can find that thing that they’re good at.”
Upcoming EVERY WEEK Monday - Domestic beer and boneless wings 7.75 for members (5-close) Tuesday - 1/2 Price Large Nachos for Members (5-close) Wednesdays - Open Mic - 9pm Thursday - Trivia - 9pm Oct 1st Midnight Magic Rodeo Show with The Watters Brothers CD release Oct 2nd Kingston Pride Fundraiser and Dance Oct 8th Jenny Whiteley Riley Baugus and Danny Whiteley Oct 9th Queen Size CD Release Party Oct 15th Bruce Penninsula with Ghostkeeper Oct 16th Jason Collett with Daniel Romano Oct 22nd Julie Fader with special guests Oct 29th The Wooden Sky with Yukon Blond Oct 30th Queen's Pride Project Hallowe'en Dance Tickets available at Tricolour Outfitters and The Grad Club and online at ticketscene.ca www.queensu.ca/gradclub Tricolour 613-546-3427 162 Barrie St. Outfitters
Elias broke up for a short period and during that hiatus received an offer for a record deal with Wax Labels. Unlike Sergeant Elias, the band was resuscitated and quickly signed the deal. Their show last night at the Kool Haus was a defining one for the band as they were nominated for two CASBY (Canadian Artists Selected By You) Awards. Shortly after nominations were announced in August, the band took to their myspace to share their excitement gushing, “These are a big deal and mean a lot to us.” The nomination is a
huge accomplishment as they’ve been placed in the same category as already established acts Broken Social Scene, Hot Hot Heat and Tokyo Police Club. Musically, their biggest influences are the Beatles, Coldplay, Muse and Radiohead. Upon hearing Coldplay’s lead singer Chris Martin singing on Viva La Vida or Death and All His Friends, Tornroos said he “could almost cry, it was such a beautiful sound.” The exciting, lyrical and expressive message they seek to convey in their music is out in full force in their new album, Lasting Distraction, especially in songs like “All We Want,” a reverberating track that earned Elias heavy rotation on top Toronto rock station 102.1 The Edge this summer. When it comes to writing lyrics, Turnroos explained that one of them will bring something they wrote on their own to the table or they will play around with raw sounds. If they find something unique or interesting, they will devote time to exploring and developing it. “We always search for clarity and not obscurity,” Turnroos said of their songs, which can be difficult to grapple with as the band explores themes of love, passion, death and the afterlife. Despite extensive touring across Canada, they still get butterflies before each show. Once they’re on stage though, Tornroos said their nerves disappear. “I look past the crowd and to the back and just start playing,” he said. Elias may have got their start in Canada, but they are getting international attention in places like Scotland and Germany. As for the future of the band, they eagerly await the opportunity to play in the United States and eventually overseas in Britain. “We have a long way to go,” Turnroos said, but hopes are high and Elias certainly holds a lot of promise. Elias play the Merchant Tap House on Oct. 8 at 9 p.m.
12 • queensjournal.ca
Arts & Entertainment
Friday, October 1, 2010
Big bills, boardwalk boroughs Continued from page 8
(Frank Langella), who provides an important dimension to Money Never Sleeps. He explains that nothing ever lasts anymore and that we are no longer moving forward, but scrambling backwards. When Jacob asks “are we going down?” Zabel advises: “wrong question, Jake—[the question is] who isn’t?” Money Never Sleeps is not as provocative and brisk as the first Wall Street because these are different times. Stone uses iris shots and inventive transitions to exemplify the technological advancement over the years. Money Never Sleeps is put in a modern world, which Stone characterizes well. It’s not about plot—it’s still about the game. Refrain from dismissing Money Never Sleeps as a repeat because it is about a new context. Although greed can never be good, it seems to be legal. Where Money Never Sleeps falls short is in the ending. The conclusion is insulting and hypocritical. It goes against the rigid belief that the economy never produces justice or benevolence. Stone unfairly asks us what we are to take from Money Never Sleeps in a far too ambiguous sense—its ending doesn’t seem to reflect its ideas. How it should have ended? It needed to be honest, unjust and disjointed—our questions had to be frayed, not humorously answered. To make Money Never Sleeps truly
great it should have been about the immortality of greed, and how everyone has a little Gekko in them.
BOARDWALK EMPIRE Would you be surprised if I told you Martin Scorsese had directed a pilot about old-fashioned mobsters on vibrant, roaring-twenties sets? I bet you wouldn’t. HBO’s Boardwalk Empire, though not completely geared under the Scorsese engine (it’s produced by The Sopranos’ Terence Winter), resembles much of the director’s earlier works. It has that stunningly meticulous realism (Mean Streets) and tells a story of a life that is indulgent at first, but, we can assume, will degenerate into something rather nefarious (Goodfellas). Boardwalk Empire’s pilot is a great start because it’s lively, gripping and true. It seems to walk that dangling thread between Scorsese-ideology and the vigorous and profane energy HBO favours. The show, as of yet, has not proven if it’s a morality tale or show-stopping entertainment. But Scorsese, who is also an executive producer, crafts sets that seem to personify their characters: gleaming, majestic, but on the inside, corrupt, tarnished and ostentatious. The narrative is messy, extensive and compulsive. Boardwalk Empire’s characters always represent inner realities that are completely
different to their external ones. It’s 1920 and the milieu is Atlantic City. Prohibition has become the biggest thing since the Tin Lizzie. Enoch “Nucky” Thompson (Steve Buscemi) is first seen as a liberal and charismatic political figure. He exalts the essence of Prohibition and women’s rights to an audience of inspired females. They can barely withstand the transcendence of his presence. To them, he’s their diplomatic guardian angel. Of course, Scorsese (who admired the original draft written by Winter) creates an immediate character transition. Nucky is not who he appears to be—he’s a heavysmoking, debauch and reprobated man. He’s a major supporter of Prohibition because the illegal production and importation of alcohol is highly profitable. As Nucky says while he shuffles dollar bills in his hands, “They can drown in liquor for all I care. As long as they pay.” So why is the location the Boardwalk Empire and not New York, Chicago or Little Italy (territory much more familiar to Scorsese)? Because, at the rise of the roaring twenties, Atlantic City was its own speakeasy burg, so when people wanted booze they went there because it was by the water (making it easy for shipments) and there was no hassle. Heck, the government was providing the bottles. Michael Pitt plays James Darmody, a young recruit of Nucky, who is keen on making
a name for himself. Pitt’s got the DiCaprio mannerisms down; he is the aggressively ambitious protagonist who is really the panoramic character exposed to a masterful paradox of the American Dream—being somebody, yes, but through the most unconstitutional ways, nothing democratic. James even teams up with a young Al Capone (played nicely by Stephen Graham), who is not in his prime, but clearly has fire in his blood. The sets are extravagant: the ones of the boardwalk are monumental and ever-so resplendent, clearly reflecting the town’s relentless financial and industrial power. If anything, Boardwalk Empire is a Gangs of New York redux (due to its sumptuous, turn-of-the-century look), but unlike that film, this is not about the quest for revenge. Boardwalk Empire is a quest for quite the opposite: it is about the human necessity of vanity and how people are more concerned with doing (what they perceive to be) good to ultimately produce bad. Michael Shannon, known for his terrific scenery-chewing skills in Revolutionary Road and The Runaways, plays the puritanical Agent Nelson Van Alden, who is persuading the credulous Darmody to go undercover and bust Nucky (that scene is strongly reminiscent of the DiCaprio-SheenWahlberg confrontation in The Departed—Wahlberg is also an executive producer here). By the end of the episode, we cannot help but question Darmody’s
Scorsese brings his Oscar eye to HBO’s newest drama. motivations—Is he a gangster? Is he a cop? Is he innocent? And that is Scorsese’s purpose, and hopefully Winter’s too—to make the characters of Boardwalk Empire victims of, not just their environments, but their inner conflicts. These are not necessarily malicious people (Scorsese made that clear after Casino), these are people following orders—theirs and others. By the end of the pilot, Darmody says to Nucky: “you cannot be half-a-gangster.” Nucky loses his esteem and moral integrity, whatever was left of it. Boardwalk Empire is high on the realism and moderate on the entertainment. It will be interesting to see where Winter takes us and if Marty will be behind that camera again because when he is, as the pilot proves, he can make Boardwalk Empire do more than just work. Boardwalk Empire airs Sundays at 9 p.m. on HBO.
Friday, October 1, 2010
From Oil Thigh to Muay Thai Bring on the ‘Stangs Queen’s alumni Mike Martelle said he always knew he wanted to be a professional MMA fighter. By Lauri Kytömaa Assistant Sports Editor
In the ’90s the sport of mixed martial arts was off everyone’s radar. In part, the casual mention of “MMA” meant nothing in North America because the term had yet to be coined. The sport existed under vague titles: ultimate fighting, cage fighting or “no holds barred” fighting to name a few, always remaining on the fringes of athletics. For the Cardinal, Ontario native Mike Martelle, who started karate lessons at eight years old, the public opinion of mixed martial arts had no effect on his aspirations. Martelle said his transition to MMA was almost instant. “In the early ’90s when MMA first came to be, I was aware of it right away, I was fascinated,” he said. “I [immediately] began training in the martial arts that are more applicable to MMA.” At 19, Martelle began training in Muay Thai, a form of kickboxing. A year later, in 1994, he began learning Brazilin jiu-jitsu, a sport that focuses on grappling and ground fighting to round out his repertoire. Weight training also became a very important aspect of his improvement as a fighter. “When I hit my teens I started strength training quite a bit,” he said. “[At] thirteen I hit my current height, six foot three, but I weighed 120 pounds. Obviously to be a more effective martial artist or competitor, I felt I needed to put on a bit more muscle.” In 1995 Martelle chose to attend Queen’s, but his athletic dreams were always close to heart. Martelle said that he knew by university that his dream was to pursue mixed martial arts. “I wanted to go as far as I could as an amateur with the possibility of competing in the Olympics,
Frustrated Gaels look to take out high-flying Western team on the weekend. By Lauri Kytömaa Assistant Sports Editor
Photo by Christine Blais
Mike Martelle will be in Tokyo Oct. 24 for the SAW Heavyweight World Championships. to me that was my pinnacle,” he said. “After that it was my goal to turn pro, or if something were to come in my way of going to the Olympics I would turn pro. These were always my dreams.” Always looking to refine his abilities, Martelle joined the Queen’s wrestling team. The sport aided his skills, but Martelle still felt underappreciated as a student-athlete.
“Back in my day we got zero media, zero publicity and frankly zero respect on campus. On top of that my ultimate goal was the sport MMA,” he said. “So here I was on campus and my life’s goal was something [no one knew about]. I would meet someone for the first time or I’d be trying to chat up a girl at the bars and she would have no idea what I was talking about, what I was
interested in or what I was doing with my life.” Living in obscurity never hindered Martelle. In 1995 he competed as an amateur in his first MMA event in Miami. In ‘98 he finished his BA in psychology and picked up his nickname. During his time on campus he worked as the last acting librarian of the Queen’s Math and Statistics Please see Fighting on page 14
Queen’s 15, McMaster 14
Gaels shut down Marauders
“We are going to have a huge crowd and there should be a lot of noise and a great college football feeling. I think our guys are excited about that.” —Pat Sheahan, football head coach
Women’s rugby triumphs in tight one
That being said, the Gaels have plenty of weapons of their own to take on their arch-nemesis. After he was pulled early in the game against Ottawa last weekend, Justin Chapdelaine returned and proceeded to silence the critics, throwing 335 passing yards with 54 rushing yards and three total touchdowns. Another standout from last week was third-year receiver, Giovanni Aprile, who was a benefactor of Chapdelaine’s success: Aprile finished with 179 yards and a receiving touchdown, good enough to earn him OUA play of the week honours. Jimmy Therrien also looked strong after coming off a quiet game against Guelph; he finished with 90 rushing yards on 16 carries. The defence had an excellent game
By Jonah Muzyka Contributor Undefeated after three games, the Queen’s women’s rugby team has high hopes for the rest of the season. Defeating the McMaster Marauders in a close game this past weekend leaves the Gaels as the only team in the OUA Russell division with a perfect record. The Gaels have sent a strong message in the last few weeks, steadily rising up the CIS rankings. After earning wins against Brock, York and McMaster the team has risen from 10th to seventh in the national rankings. While impressive, Captain Jocelyn Poirier is not ready to celebrate. Please see Gaels on page 14
Although the football team has fallen to a bleak 1-3 on the season, no one on the Gaels is going to pass up a chance to take out the University of Western Ontario Mustangs at their homecoming game. The Mustangs boast a 4-1 record coming into Saturday’s action but disparities in records will be forgotten as soon as the players hit the gridiron. The Mustangs run an effective offensive style primarily focused on rushing. Their running back, Jerimy Hipperson, and quarterback, Donnie Marshall, rank second and third respectively in the OUA for individual rushing and have combined for 920 yards in the first five games of the season. This formidable weapon allows them to open up the passing game for timely plays creating problems for any team. On the other side of the ball the Mustangs bring a very solid defensive front that currently leads the OUA in sacks. With 10 out of 12 of the starters returning from last year on defence it will be very challenging for the Gaels to navigate their offence up and down the field.
The Gaels are ranked seventh in the CIS after their game against the Marauders last weekend.
Please see Party on page 15
14 • queensjOurnal.ca
FridAY, oCtobEr 1, 2010
Gaels playing at the top Fighting for a dream of their game, league Continued from page 13
Library, when one of his friends heard of this upcoming game. he quickly began calling Martelle “The Math “They have really dynamic forwards,” Librarian”. The name stuck and became “It’s not part of our thought process going into a game,” the fourth-year Phys-Ed she said. “We’ll need to slightly change our Martelle’s fighting nickname. game play.” major said. With a chance of MMA being admitted Her teammate, Sarah Pathak agreed. into the 2004 Athens Olympics, Mike “The “[Our position] really only effects us in “We definitely can’t take them Math Librarian” Martelle held off becoming playoffs and crossover games,” she said. pro so that he could compete on the world lightly. We need to come out The Marauders took a 14-10 lead over hard and play good defence stage. The problem was MMA still had to be Queen’s in the first half but the Gael’s intorduced as an event.. defence stifled the opposition in the second and really execute our offence.” “[In] ancient Olympics the Greeks had a by not allowing a single point. A try from —Jocelyn Poirier, sport called Pankration which was essentially Pathak in the last five minutes brought the fullback MMA. When the Olympics were announced Gaels back in front with for a 15-14 finish. for Athens for 2004 there was a grassroots The biggest challenge to the Gael’s movement in Greece to try to bring … Although Pathak scored the winning try she was quick to accredit the team’s success to undefeated record, Guelph, doesn’t appear Pankration back to the Olympics in 2004. in the regular season but promises to be a Dozens of countries got involved and it their defensive play. “Our defence was our strong point; our difficult opponent in the post-season. Guelph really looked like it was going to happen,” coaches were really impressed with our play, and Queen’s are currently the only two Martelle said. undefeated teams in the OUA women’s rugby but we can improve our offence” she said. He held on to his amateur status until the The Gaels’ match this weekend against league. For now, the women’s rugby team is movement failed. With his Olympic dream the Trent Excalibur promises to be a tough focused on the regular season, which is off wiped out he chose to turn pro as quickly as contest. While confident, both Pathak and to a great start with the toughest team in our possible, doing so in 2005. Poirier agreed that it would come down division, McMaster, already taken care of. Martelle’s career took him to the far “We’re happy to have that win under our reaches of the world to take on opponents. to their offence’s ability to execute come belt,” Poirier said. game time. He has fought in Russia, Mexico, Jamaica, The team is very confident this year and Japan and Alaska. “We’ve become more resilient has high hopes for the rest of the season. Martelle’s transition to professional MMA and more confident as a team. Undefeated with much of the season behind coincided with Spike TV’s Ultimate Fighter, a them, the Gaels are pleased with the success reality-TV show following the UFC. The Last year’s goal was to beat show’s finale gave Spike some of its all-time Trent, this year’s goal is to win of their team thus far. “We have a lot of new players, and highest viewer ratings and suddenly MMA the OUA championship.” our attitude has changed slightly [from last was a mainstream sport. The new limelight —Sarah Pathak, year], we’ve become more resilient and more brought a blend of results for the sport. “I think it is a mixed bag,” he said. “Of winger/centre confident as a team.” Pathak said. “Last year’s goal was to beat Trent, this year’s goal course it’s cool that [MMA is] popular and that people know what I’m talking about “We definitely can’t take them lightly,” is to win the OUA championship.” now. Popularity increases my pay, which is Poirier said. “We need to come out hard nice. Something like this invariably comes and play good defence and really execute our offence.” the Gaels will be in Peterborough this with a downside … It is a sport that has come to attract a certain percentage of thugs. That’s Pathak was similarly cautious about the weekend facing the trent excalibur. an unfortunate connotation to have.” When he’s not traveling the globe, Martelle runs his own MMA training facility in Kingston known as Grizzly Gym. While some of these “thugs” do show up, they don’t last very long. “Proper MMA training is not about a room full of guys taking turns punching each other in the face. I’ve had so many guys, walk up to me telling me how tough they are and how many street fights they’ve been in, then they can’t last through twenty minutes Continued from page 13
of warm-ups with us,” he said. “I try to be thick skinned, but it hurts when people think that I or anyone that trains at my gym is a brainless thug.” The spotlight also brought more scrutiny to the sport, which is still banned in several U.S. states and Canadian provinces. Martelle scoffs at the criticism, feeling that the sport is just as legitimate as any other. “MMA events have been happening in North America since 1993 and South America for approximately 60 years. This is an enormous body of data we can draw upon statistically and we have proven that MMA is safer than many other sports including boxing, football and gymnastics. Last year there were more gymnastics related injuries in the U.S. than MMA related injuries” he said. “Simply put, getting in a fist fight is not the end of the world.”
“I’d be trying to chat up a girl at the bars and she would have no idea what I was talking about, what I was interested in or what I was doing with my life.” —Mike Martelle, professional MMA fighter But Martelle doesn’t have time for the debate. Running his gym and training are always the focus. In a normal week Martelle will train two to three times a day for five days a week. The work has paid off. He has a 15-2 professional record, including four MMA championship belts. “I was talking about these goals 15 to 17 years ago,” he said. “Obviously it is very gratifying to see them come to fruition … I think I’ve [actually] been on the slow end of the learning curve, but I made it and that’s all that matters.” Martelle will be defending his saW World Heavyweight championship belt in tokyo on Oct. 24. this will be the third time he defends this belt.
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Friday, October 1, 2010
Party crashing attitude
athletes of the week
“We have a game plan in place that we believe will allow us to shut down the rushing offence.” — Ted Festeryga, defensive lineman In order to win this game the Gaels will need to break their habit of losing close games, because this certainly shouldn’t be a blowout. The offence needs to commit well below their season average of 3.75 turnovers a game and the defence needs to be able to shutdown the running game brought by Hipperson and Marshall. Festeryga said he feels the Gaels are prepared to take on the rush-oriented Mustangs. “We have a game plan in place that we believe will allow us to shut down the rushing offence of Marshall [and the Mustangs]. If we need to make adjustments we can make those on the fly, but we will be ready for them,” he said. A hostile crowd and packed stadium should bring the Gaels all of the motivation they need to change their ways. Head coach Pat Sheahan said he looks forward to the rivalry game. “It’s nice to have a bit of the spectacle and pageantry of college football,” he said. “This is probably as good as it gets on the road for us. We are going to have a huge crowd and there should be a lot of noise and a great college football feeling. I think our guys are excited about that.” The Queen’s Gaels will take on the Western Mustangs in London this weekend. Game time is at 1 p.m.
Sarah Pathak Women’s Rugby
Matt Eriksen Lacrosse The men’s lacrosse season has been a work in progress. An earlier training camp and more practices are helping the team improve from their 2-8 season last year. Secondyear economics student Matt Eriksen was a presence on the field this weekend, leading the Gaels’ comeback against Bishop’s in the second half on Sunday by scoring seven goals and two assists. “In the McGill game, we ... weren’t acting like we really wanted the ball,” he said. “In the Bishop’s game, we had a different attitude. We were a lot more composed in the offensive end against Bishop’s. We had a lot of long possessions that wore down their defence and really built our confidence.” Eriksen remained humble about his achievement and instead focused on the improvements he made between the McGill and Bishop’s game. “Both games I kind of got off to a slow start, some uncharacteristic errors. Some of which were costly,” he said. “By the end of the Bishops game, I was able to work out those kinks and get back to playing the way I know how to play and I think that’s the reason why I had a lot of my success.” Eriksen, a Canadian-born Massachusetts native, transitioned from hockey to lacrosse due to friends’ involvement in the sport and increased popularity south of the border. “It’s a lot different than lacrosse in the States in terms of competitiveness,” he said. “In general lacrosse is not as developed up here in terms of field lacrosse.” Lacrosse was not the reason Eriksen attended Queen’s but he said he was excited at the commitment for improvement and growth from the Gaels. “It was definitely a big selling point that they did have a team,” he said. “A team that was looking to build and become more respectable and more of a presence in the Canadian league.”
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Sports in Brief Gaels win midweek game
Continued from page 13
against Ottawa holding the Gaels together during a shaky start and ultimately making it possible to force overtime. Defensive lineman Ted Festeryga said he feels that the Gaels’ loses have resulted from inconsistency. “The statistics would identify that we are ahead [of our opposition] in many areas of the game. We just haven’t quite put together both sides of our team and when we start to do that we are going to have a lot of confidence going forward and start winning games,” he said.
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“Our team showed a lot of resilience from this game,” Sarah Pathak said of her team’s triumph over McMaster. “[McMaster was] winning with five minutes left in the game but our team really held it together and stayed mentally positive and just thought ‘we’re going to win this game’.” The Gaels’ undefeated season was tested this weekend against their post-season rivals the McMaster Marauders last year. Queen’s suffered a loss to the Marauders in both the regular season and in the playoffs — a game which saw them lose the bronze-medal. This year Sarah Pathak said a positive change in attitude has helped the Gaels improve their record to 3-0. “I think it’s the resiliency of this year,” she said. “The same thing happened last year [in the McMaster game] where they scored in the first but this year we kept [it] positive ... We had an attitude of ‘we have to score’ and now it’s ‘we are going to score’.” A second-year Life Sciences student Pathak, came out as the hero of the thrilling game in Hamilton this weekend. Pathak scored a try in the dying minutes of the game to lift the Gaels to a 15-14 win. “I think the try that I scored was completely a team effort,” she said. “There was no way that I could do it singlehandedly ... I was able to work off my teammates’ momentum as well as the momentum going forward. I just happened to be in the right place at the right time to catch the ball.” The Gaels have emphasized the team aspect of rugby this year. This weekend’s game saw them take sole possession of first overall in the OUA East. Pathak said the support from the rest of her team has been the difference this season. “You can’t be a superstar without your team backing you up,” she said. “A team can’t do well if they only have one good player. You need everyone else to keep you going and get you into the right position for a ‘superstar’ moment.”
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The nationally-ranked women’s soccer team won their match against the Carleton Ravens 2-1 at Richardson Stadium. Striker Kelli Chamberlain and midfielder Jennifer Hutchinson both scored. The Gaels will play in Kingston against the RMC Paladins Saturday afternoon at 1 p.m. —Kate Bascom
Winning streak ends for men’s soccer The Gaels lost to the Carleton Ravens this week at Richardson Stadium 1-0. The men’s soccer team tried to come from a 1-0 deficit including a last minute effort by midfielder Michael Arnold on a free kick. The Gaels will play against the RMC Paladins in Kingston on Saturday afternoon at 3:15 p.m. —Kate Bascom
Stat of the week
In games decided by one touchdown or less the 1-3 Gaels football team is 0-3 this season. Last year, the Vanier Cup champions went 6-0 in these close tilts to finish off the season with an 11-1 record (including playoffs).
ACROSS 1 Pleased 5 Docs’ org. 8 “That’s a relief!” 12 Staffer 13 Restroom, for short 14 Emanation 15 Paper quantity 16 Monokini’s lack 17 Despot 18 Department 20 Clock sound 22 Redundantly named money dispenser 26 Disposed (to) 29 Weep 30 Veto 31 Knocks 32 Sleepwear, briefly 33 Wrinkly citrus 34 Prior night 35 Twosome 36 Beginning 37 Redundantly named IDs for 22-Across 40 Profound 41 Meal 45 Reed instrument 47 Documentarian Burns 49 Always 50 Crucifix 51 “— Impossible” 52 Infamous lyre player 53 Prevents 54 Writer Hentoff 55 Salver DOWN 1 Apparel 2 Stead 3 Hebrew month 4 Lowers in status 5 Book of photos 6 Scratch
7 Internet forum icons 8 Keep an eye on 9 Corn farmers’ socials 10 Mound stat 11 Ares’ realm 19 Chowed down 21 Unfriendly 23 Low-pay, low-skill work 24 Shade of green 25 Way out 26 Get ready, briefly 27 Sitarist Shankar 28 Freedom of access 32 Jack-o’-lantern 33 Left over, as money 35 About to arrive 36 Raw rock 38 Has to have 39 Dada artist Max 42 State with conviction 43 Antitoxins 44 Helen’s home 45 Sphere 46 Feathery neckpiece 48 Greek vowel
Last Issue’s Answers
16 • QUEENSJOURNAL.CA
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 1, 2010
The struggles of sleepless students Go to bed at 3 a.m. last night? Don’t make a habit of it, or you’ll do more damage than you think BY KELLY LOEPER POSTSCRIPT EDITOR It’s early morning, and I’m up and at ‘em for my 8:30 a.m. class. I got approximately four and a half hours of sleep last night. Of course, I am to blame: I napped for two hours the day before and drank coffee in the evening, among other sleep-destructing activities. (I managed to use my wired state in a productive manner, though—my nails are freshly painted and my sock drawer is impeccable). Sleep deprivation isn’t new to me, though. I always convince myself I’ll catch up on sleep but of course it never happens and I’m in a permanent zombified state. Sound familiar? You’re probably not alone. University is hardly an environment that allows one to sleep like a baby every night; with essays to be written and nights at the Spot to be had, it’s a wonder us students get any sleep at all. Lee Fisher-Goodchild, coordinator of health education and health promotion programs at Queen’s, said students will often ask advice about sleep at health promotion services and clinics. “More often the problem is just ... not making enough time in the day to have time for sleep to satisfy the body’s need,” she said. “It’s tied up with stress and time management.” Since students’ lives are so busy, it can be easy for sleep to be the first thing they cut, she said. “If you do your work close to a deadline, sometimes it takes longer than you think it will ... Sometimes people just have so much on their plate.” Sleep deprivation will eventually affect your ability to function during many activities, she said. “Your brain isn’t functioning as well as it normally could. Things take a lot more effort to do.” Fisher-Goodchild said studies have shown that your ability to function with little sleep is comparable to functioning at a lower IQ level, and that sleep deprived people often report being less happy and less motivated. “It’s much more easy to feel really overwhelmed and to become stressed out,” she said, because your ability to think things through, plan and problem solve is impaired. It’s also easier to make simple mistakes, as your mind will be more likely to wander, she said. If you tend to pull an all-nighter and get sick soon after, this may not be a coincidence, said Fisher-Goodchild. “When you’re not getting enough sleep your immune system doesn’t work as well,” she said, adding that sleep allows the body time to repair itself. She said it’s also harder to eat well when you continually skimp on sleep. “When people don’t get enough sleep they tend to crave carbohydrates ... your body’s
PHOTO BY CHRISTINE BLAIS
Not getting enough sleep will make you cranky, but your ability to cope with stress and problem solve will also worsen. craving more energy—foods that are metabolised really quickly,” she said. “They spike your blood sugar. You might get a spurt of energy, but it doesn’t last.” If you’re caught in a cycle of going to bed at 2 a.m., it’s possible to reset your body clock, she said, if you go to bed a little bit earlier each night until your body adjusts. “You might need to do it in 15 minute increments. If you do it overnight you’ll just lie there,” she said. “If you can back it up slowly it will be easier to do.” Fisher-Goodchild said it’s also helpful to find out how much sleep you need in a night; it varies for everybody. Go to sleep before a day that you don’t need to be up for a certain time and keep track of how long you slept, she said. “How long does it take to wake up and feel refreshed?” Besides adjusting your schedule, remembering some simple rules can greatly improve sleep. “Make sure your bed is comfortable,” she said. “Make sure your room is dark; some people are really light sensitive. “Having a regular bedtime and regular wake time is one of the best things people can do,” she said, adding that taking time for certain relaxing activities, such as taking a bath or shower, can help you discern from daytime and bedtime. “In the long term it trains your body that it’s time for sleep,” Fisher-Goodchild said, adding that it’s also important to avoid caffeine around seven hours before bed, as caffeine is a stimulant. “Watch alcohol consumption —it can help you fall asleep but it can actually disrupt your sleep schedule,” she said. “You spend less
time in deep sleep.” You should also avoid eating too much or working out before bed, she said, because it can take awhile to settle back down. Ultimately, although sleep may seem like the easiest activity to put off, students should not underestimate how much it helps, she said.
“Getting enough sleep helps you be your best and it helps you do everything better ... it’s so important to so many areas of function.” Sarah Pillersdorf, ArtSci ’13, said student life definitely affects her ability to get a good night’s sleep. She said she will get as little as six hours a night on a bad day to as much as nine hours a night on a good day. “When I sleep, I find I’m restless; I always toss and turn. I usually end up going to bed late because I
always have so much work,” she said, adding that the increase in the amount of reading she has to do for school takes up a lot of time. Transitioning to a house from residence is another added factor, she said. “It’s also different living in a house, there’s a lot more responsibility. That would take out time that I may have had last year.” Being able to relax for 20-30 minutes before going to bed helps, she said. “I try to read a magazine or book ... something outside of school.” Judith Davidson, assistant professor (adjunct) in the department of psychology, said many students don’t realize what they do to their bodies by not getting enough sleep. “Students often think that sleep is ‘optional’ and that it’s easy to do without it. This is far from the truth,” she told the Journal in an e-mail. Although there have been many past studies on insomnia, she said today there are more and more studies focusing on “sleep restriction”—what happens when people continually don’t get a full night of sleep. “These studies mimic the sleep loss that happens more often [than total sleep deprivation]
in real life,” she said. “Getting too little sleep can [negatively] affect glucose metabolism and is believed to increase risk of obesity and diabetes.” During a healthy night of sleep, people will experience four cycles, including light, deep and REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, she said. “The average duration of sleep in young adults is about eight but that’s just an average.” Napping, for no more than an hour, will not harm people’s ability to get these eight hours, she said. “We are biologically predisposed to nap in the afternoon,” she said. “Naps in the afternoon are unlikely to negatively affect night-time sleep.” So what happens if you slip up and have to stay up to finish an essay or have major jet lag? “The best way to keep your circadian rhythm (24-hour internal rhythm) of sleep and wakefulness on track is to get up at the same time each morning regardless of how much or how little sleep you got,” Davidson said, adding that the key to achieving a solid sleep schedule is to recognize sleep as a part of your schedule. “Allow time for sleep. Don’t underestimate the value of a good sleep to how you feel the next day,” she said. “Your mood, ability to concentrate and how you feel physically are so much better with good sleep.”
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