The Record 2012

Page 1


The Queens' College Record 2012 Table of Contents 3

From the President The Society

7 8 8 · 10

The Fellows i.J12ou Thomae Smithi Academia The Retirement of Professor James Diggle Laurels at Lund Professor John Morton Blum, Fellow 1963-4

11

The Staff

12 13 15

The Fabric 2ou The Dokett Building The Porters' Lodge and Round Development

4

The Buildings

The Student Record 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 so 51

From the Senior Tutor: The Supervision Admissions The Spiny Forest of Madagascar Breaking down borders My second coming co China Digging Tell Brak From Vienna to the Black Sea by kayak Mantas in Mozambique Oxbridge Summer Camps Ab road a journey ro Hong Kong 52. D istinctions and Awards 54 TheJCRandMCR 54 The C lubs and Societies

The Development Record 16 The Libraries 18

The Chapel

62. Donors to Queens' 2.011

The Academic Record

20 The Gardens

65 New strategies to help patients with oesophageal cancer 67 2.008 banking crisis v 2.ou-t2. sovereign debt crisis: two sides of the same coin?

The Historical Record 2.1

2.2. '1-7 29 31 32. 33

The First English 'Olimpick' Games 'How old is your Tripos?' The establishment of the Tripos system The Revd John Price, 'The Solitary ofLlanbedr' Andrew Munro, Mathematics reacher and benefacror Waker Robins, England Test cricketer 192.9-37 Ronald Maxwell Savage (1918), pioneer herpetologist Book Review: T¼r Diaries -A Chaplain at Gallipoli

The Alumni Record 70 The Alumni Office 71 Alumni Association AGM 71 Deaths 7'1. Obituaries 78 News of Old Members 87 The 2.005 Matriculation Year 88 The 'Secret' Life of the College

The Sporting Record 36 Captains of the Clubs 36 Reports from the Sports Clubs

From cover: 1he new poma.ic of Her Maje.sty The Queen, our Patrone,~s, painted by James Floyd for the CoUege. Back cover: Queens' rst XI Football ccam won Cuppcrs for the first rime in the competitions 139-year history. Top: Form.al portrait of the team (courtesyJee Photographic, the Cambridge Studio); middle left: Derail of the FootbaU Cup (Jonathan Holmes); middle right: the ceam aelebrares in rhe13ar (Jonathan Hoh1m); bottom Jen: The Captain, Dan Keeley wirh che trophy (Jonathan Holmes); bottom right: after chc march (courtesy James Davis),

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The Queens' College Record • © The President and Fellows of Queens' College ~ou. Edicor:Jonarhan Holmes • Desig11: Ham ish Symington (www.hamishsymingcon.com) Printed in the Un iced Kingdom on elemenral-chlorine-free paper from sustainable forests.


Queens' College Record 2012

The Fellowship (March 2012) Visitor:The Rt Hon. lord Falconer ofThoroton, P.C., Q.C., M.A. Patroness: Her Majesty The Queen. President The Rt Hon. Professor Lord Eatwell, of Stratton St Margaret, M.A., Ph.D. (Harvard). Professor of Financial Policy and Director ofThe Cambridge Endowment for Research and Finance.

Honorary Fel~ows A. Chadcs Tomlinson. C.B.E., M.A., M.A.(London), D.Litt.h.c.

(Keele, Colgare, New Mexico, Bristol and Gloucester), Hon.F.A.A.A.S., F.R.S.L. Emericus Professor of English, University of.Bristol. Robert Neville Haszcldine, M.A., Sc.D., D.Sc.(Birmingham), ER.$., F.R.S.C., C.Chem. The Rt. Hon. Sir Stephen Brown, G.B.E., P.C., M.A., LL.D.h.c. (Birmingham,Leicester and West of England), Hon.F.R.C.Psych .. Sir Ronald Halstead, C.B.E., M.Av D.Sc.h.c.(Reading and Lancaster), Hon.F.I.F.S.T., F.C.M.l., F.lnst.M., F.R.S.A., F.R.S.C. Peter Mathias, C.B.E., M.A., l..itt.D., D.Litc. (Oxon), D.Litc.h.c. (Buckingham, Bkmingham, Hull, Warwick, De Moncfort and Ease Anglia), Dr. Russ. Acad. Sci.Ju.., Hon.Dr (Kansai and Keio), EB.A., ER.Hise.$. Sir John Michael Middlecott Banham, D.L, M.A., LLD.Ju. (Bach), D.Sc.h.c.(Loughborough, Exet<:r and Strathclyde). Chairman ofJohnson Mathey Pie. Sir David Alan Walker, M.A., LL.D.h.c. (Exeter), F.R.S.A. Bernardo Sepulveda Amor, Hon.G.CM.G., LLB., LL.D.h.c,(San Diego and Leningrad). Judge of the International Court. Nicholas Kenneth Spencer Wills, M.A., EC.A., F.C.l.M.., F.C.T., F.R.SA Tue Rt Revd Mark Sauter, M.A., D.D.h.c.(Birmingham and Lambeth), D.Univ.h.c.(UCE). The Rt Hoo. Professor Lord Oxburgh, ofLiverpool, K.B.E., M.A., Ph.D.(Princecon), D.Sc.lJ.C.(Paris, Leicester, Loughborough, Edinburgh, Blrmingham, Liverpool, Souchampcon, LiverpoolJohn Moores, Lingnan Hong Kong, Newcastle and Leeds), f.G.S., Hon.El.Mech.E., Hon.F.R.Eng., F.R.S. Sir Marcin Best H anis, C.B.E., D.L, M.A., Ph.D.(London), LLD.h.c.(Quec:n's, Belfast). D.U.h.c.(Essex and Keele), D.Licc./u. (Salford, Manchester Metropolitan, Leicester, Lincoln, Ulster, Manchester, UMIST and Exeter), Hon.F.R.C.P, Hon.F.R.C.S.E .. Director of che Office for Fair Acces$. President of Clare Hall

Ewen Cameron Stewart Macpherson, M.J\., M.Sc. (London Business School). Tue Revd Canon John Charlton Polkingho.rne, K.B.E., M.A .. Sc.D., D.Sc.h.c.(Excter, Leicester and Marquette), D.D.b.c.(Kent, Durhan,, Gen. Theol. $em. New York, \Xi'yclilfe Coll., Toronto), D.Hum.h.c. (Hong Kong Baptist Univ.), ER.S. Colin Michael Foale, C.B.E., M.A., Ph.D., D.Uoiv.h.c.(Kenc, Lincolnshire and B'wnberside), Hon.F.R.Ae.$. NASA Astronaut, supponing Soyuz and ISS operations. Manohar Singh Gill, M.P., M.A., Ph.D. {Punjab). Dip.Devc. Stud., D.Litr.h.c.(Madras, Guru Nanak Dev, Amritsar, and Guwahaci, Assam), D.ScJu.(Punjab Agriculnrre, Haryana Agriculrure), Padma Vibhushan. Minister ofYourh Affairs and Spores, India. Sir Richard BillingDearlo-ve, K.C.M.G., O.B.E., M.A., LL.D.h.c.(Exetcr). Master of Pembroke College, Cambridge. Yoshiyasu Shirai, Ph.D. President of Osaka Gaktun University.Japan. Graham Colin Swift, M.A., Litt D.h..c. (East Ariglia and London), D.Univ.h.c. (York), F.R.S.L. Stephen John Fry, M.A., D.Litr.h.c. (East Anglia), D.Univ.h.c. (Anglia Ruskin Univ.). Lord Th.omas ofSwynnercon, M.A., F.R.S.L., F.R.Hisc.S., Order of che Aztec Eagle (Mexico), Knight Grnnd Cross of the Order of Isabel the Catholic (Spain), Commander in che Order of Arts and Letters (France). Awn Shawkat AI-Khasawoeh, M.A., LLM., lstiqlal Order (First Class), Kawkab Order (First Class), Nahda Order (First Class),Jordan; Grand Oflicier, Legion d'Honneur, France. Prime Minister ofJordan. Paul Greeograss, M.A. Film Director and Screenwrtter. Edward Horder Cullinan, C.B.E., B.A., A.A.Dip., Hon ER.LAS., ER.S.A., R.A., R.I.B.A .. Sir Andrew Duncan Crockett, M.A., M.A. (Yale). President ofJ.P. Morgan Chase International.

Fellow Benefactors Catherine Thomas, M.A. Lester John Rowley, M.A., M.B., B.Chir.

Emerims Professor Alan Charles Lynn Day, B.A. Shirley Day, Ph.D.

Fellows And1onyColin Spearing, M.A., Ph.D.h.c. (Lund). Life Fellow; William R. Kenan Professor of English, Unive.rsity ofViJ:gi11ia. Ajit Singh, M.A., B.A.(Punjah, Chandigarh), M.A.(Howard, Washington), Ph.D.(Bcrkeley, California). Life fellow. Emericus Professor of Economics. Brian Albert CaUiogham,.M.A., B.Pharm., Ph.D.(London), F.R.Pharm.S., ES.B., C.Biol., EBr.Pharmacol.S.h.c. Life Fellow; Safety Officer, formerly Tutor. James Diggle, M.A., Lirt.D., F.B.A. Life Fellow; Praelector. Emeritus Pcofessor of Greek and Laci1,. John Tiley, C.B.E., QC .h.c., M.A., B.C.L.(Oxoo), LLD., };Ion F.C.I.T., F.B.A. Life Fellow, formerly Praelec-tor, Tmor and Vice-President. Emeritus Professor of the Law ofTaxation. John Edward Ca~roll, M.A., Sc.D., ER.Eng. Life Fellow. Emerirus Professor of Engineering. PeterGonvill.eStein, QC.h.c., M..A.,LL.B., Ph.D. (Aberdeen), Dr.iuris h.c (Gottinge11, Ferrara and Perugia), LL.D.h.c. (Aberdeen), Doct. de l'Univ.h.c.(Pancheon-Assas, Paris II), EB.A. Life Fellow; formerly Vice-President. Emeritus Regius Professor of Civil Law.

The Revd Brian Leslie Hebblethwaite, M.A., B.D., D.D. Life Fellow; fo(l)'lerly Tutor and Dean of Chapel. John Timothy Green, M.A., Ph.D. Life Fellow; forl'nerly Senior Tutor. Thomas Henry Coaker, B.Sc.(London), M.A., PhD.Life Fellow; formerly Steward. William Andrew Phillips, M.A., Ph.D. Life Fellow; formerly Tucor. Robin D ouglas Howard Walker, M.A., Ph.D. Junior Bursar, Director of Studies in Compucer Science and Assiscanc Direccor ofSmdies in Natural Sciences (Mathematics). Andrew Duncan Cosh, B.A., Ph.D. Colfege Lecturer in Economics and in Managemenc Studies. The Rcvd Brendan Ignatius Bradshaw, M.A., Ph.D. Life Fellow. Richard Robert \%ber, M.A., Ph.D. Churchill Professor ofMathcmatics for Operational Research; A-.siscanc Director ofStudies in Mathematics. Allan Nuttall.Hayhurst, M.A., Sc.D. Life Fellow; Garden Steward. Emeritus Professor of Combustion Science. Peter Spulford, M.A., Litr.D., F.B.A. Life FeUow. En1eritus Professor ofEurope:m History. James Anthony Jackson, M.A., Ph.D., F.R.S. Professor of Active Tectonics.


Christopher John Pounrain, M.A., Ph.D. Life Fellow. Professor of Spanish Linguistics, Queen Mary CoUege. University ofLondon. Richard Griffith Fentlman, M.A .. B.C.L.(Oxon). Professor of Private JmemationalLaw. Director ofStudies in Law. The Rt Hon. Lord Oxbu.rgh, ofLiverpool, K.B.E, M.A.. Ph.D.(Princecon), D.Sc.h.c.(Paris, Leicester, Loughborough, Edinburgh, Bicmingham, Liverpool and Southampton), F.G.S., Hon.F.I.Mcch.E., Hon.ER.Eng., F.R.S. Hon. Profes.~or of Geological Processes. Life Fellow; fonnerly President. The RcvdJonathan Michael Holmes, M.A., Vec.M.B., Ph.D., M.R.C.V.S. Dean of Chapel and Chaplain, Keeper of the Records; Assistant Director ofStudies in Veterinary Sciences. Peter Howard Haynes, M.A., Ph.D. Professor of Applied Mathematics. David Cebon, B.E.(Melbourne), Ph.D., F.R.Eng., F.J.Mech.E. Professor of Mechanical Engineering; Assistant Director ofStudies in Engineering. Hugh Jolin Field, M.A., B.Sc.(London), Ph.D.(Bristol), Sc.D., F.R.C.Path. Bye-Fellow (Pathology). Direa:or ofStudies in Medical and Veterinary Sciences. £lizabetl1 Anne Howlettflall,B.Sc., Ph.D.(London). Professor ofAnalyrical Biotechnology. Turorand Graduate Tutor. Richard William Prager, M.A., Ph.D., C.Eng., M.I.E.E. Professor of Engineering. The Revd Canon John Charlton Polkinghorne, K.B.E., M.A., Sc.D., D.Sc./u. (Exeter, Lcicester md Marquette), D.D}u. (Kent, Durham, Gen. Theo!. Sem. New York, Wycliffe CoUege, Toronto), D.Hwn.h.c. (Hong Kong Baptist Univ.), F.R.S. Life Fellow; formerly President. His Honour Judge Stuart Nigd Bridge, MA. Life Fellow; formerly Tutor. Roderic Lewis Jones, M.A., D.Phil.(Oxon). Vice-President; Profuisor of Atmospheric Science. Anthony Norden Lasenby, M.A., M.Sc.(London), Ph.D.(Manchescer). Professor ofAsrrophysics and Cosmology. Keith Ferrin Priestley, M.S.(Washingcon), PhD.(Nevada). Professor of Seismology. College Lecturer in Mathemarks for Natural Sciences. Christos Nicolas Pitelis, 8.A.(Athens), M.A., Ph.D.(Warwick). Direccor ofStudies in Management Studies, Assistant Director ofStudies in Economics. Eivind Georg Kahrs, Mag.arc., Dr.philos.(Oslo). Turor and Direcror ofStudies in Asian and Middle Eastern Studies. Andrew Howard Gee, M.A., Ph.D. Director ofStudies in Engineering. David Robert Ward, M.A, Ph.D. Professor of Particle Physics. Jacqueline Lillian Scott, BA.(Susscx), M.A., Ph.D. (Michigan). Professor of Empirical Sociology; Direa:or ofStudies in Policies, Psychology and Sociology. The Revd Canon Fraser Norman Wans, M.A.(Oxon), M.Sc., Ph.D.(London). Assistant Chaplain; Direccor ofScudies in Theology and Religious Studies. Lee Antltony Bollom, M.A., F.I.H, F.R.S.P.H. Stcw·ard. John William Allison, B.A., LL.B.(SteUenbosch), LL.M., Ph.D. Tutor for Graduate Students and College Lecturer in Law. Beverley Jane Glover, B.Sc.(St Andn~ws), Ph.D. (East Anglia), F.L.S. Director ofStudies in Narural Sciences (Biological). MurrayJackMilgate, M.Ec.(Sydney), M.A.(Essex), Ph.D. Direcror ofStudies in Economics; Keeper ofPictures. Richard Al\drew William Rex, M.A., Ph.D. Archivist, Tutor and Director of Studies in History. Aocbooy David Challinor, MA., Ph.D. Bye-Fellow(Physics). Ian Kenneth Pattmon, M.A., Ph.D. Librarian and Keeper of the Old Librnry, Turor and Director ofSmdies in English (Part ll). ClareEIJzabetlt Bryant, MA., B.Sc. (Sourhampron), B.Vet.Med., Ph.D.(London), M.R.C.V:S. Tutor for Graduate Students and College Lecturer in Pharmacology. Martin Paul Vernon Crowley, B.A.. D.Phil. (Oxon), M.A. (Nottingham). Director ·o f Studies in Modern and Medieval Languages. James Craig Muld,ew; M.A. (Alberta), Ph.D. Tutor and College Lecturer in History. James William Patrick Campbell, M.A., Dip.Arch., Ph.D., R.I.B.A., 1.H.B.C., F.S.A. Tutor and Director ofStudies in History ofArr and in Architecture. Howard Richard Neil Jones, M.A., Ph.D. Tutor for Graduate Students and Assistant Director ofSmdies in Narural Sciences (Chemistry). Martin John DL--<on, B.A. (Oxon), M.A., Ph.D. Dean of College; Director ofSrndies in Land Economy and College Lecturer in Law. David Krishna Menon, M.D., B.S. (Madras), Ph.D. (London), F.R.C.A., F.Mcd.Sci., F.R.C.P. Professor ofAnaesthesia.

Andrew Clague Thompson, M.A., M. Phil.. Ph.D. Admissions Tutor and Assistant Director ofStudies in History. Julia Rose Gog, M.A., Ph.D. Direcror ofStudies in Mathematics. Ashwin Arunkumar Seshia, B.Tech. (Indian Inst. ofTechnology, Bombay), M.S., Ph.D. (Berkeley, California). CoUege Lecrurer in Engineering. Eugene Michael Terentjev, M.Sc. (Moscow State), Ph.D. (Moscow). M.A. Professor of Polymer Ph~ics. Tutor for Graduate Scudencs and Director ofStudies in Namral Sciences (Physical). Graham Michael Treece, M.A.., Ph.D. Bye-Fellow (Engineering); CoUege Lecturer in Engineering. Diana Mary Hendel'$on, T.D., LLB. (Strathclyde), Ph.D. (Edinburgh), N.P., F.S.A.Scot. Development Director and CoUege Lecturer in History. Ioanna Sitaridou, Prychion (Aristotle Univ. ofThes:saloni.ki), Licenciatura (Lisbon), M.A. (London), Ph.D. (Manchester). Director ofStudies in Linguistics and Assistant Director ofStudies in Modern and Medieval Languages. And.rew Elder Zurcher, B.A. (Yale), M.PhiL, Ph.D. Tutor and Assistant Director ofSrudies in English (Part 1). Ana Maria Rossi, B.Sc. (Univ. Nae. def Sur, Argentina), Ph.D. Tutor and College Lecmrer in Biological Narural Sciences. Jonathan Spence, M.A. (Oxon). Senior Bursarand Director ofSrudks for the M.B.A. and M.Fin. James Russell, M.A., Ph.D. College Lecturer in Biological Natural Sciences (Psychology). Christopher Smith, B.Sc. (U.C.L.), M.B., Ch.B., Ph.D. Bye-Fellow (Virology). Andrew Michael Gamble, M.A., Ph.D., M.A. (Dunchn), F.B.A., Ac.$.$., F.R.S.A. Professor of Policies. College Lecturer in Politics. Graham John McShane, M.A., M.Eng., Ph.D. Assistant Director ofStudies in Engineering. Amanda Claire Radeguod Perreau-Saussine, M.A .. Ph.D. CoUege Lecturer in Law.

Marie Edmonds, M.A., Ph.D. College Lecrurer in E.trth Sciences. Owen John Arthurs, M.A., M.B., Ch.B.• Ph.D., M.R.C.P.C.H., F.R.C.R. Bye-Fellow (Medical Sciences). Director ofStudies for Clinical Medicine, Assistant Director of Srudies in Medical Sciences. Howard James Stone, M.A., Ph.D. Bye-Fellow (Materials Science) Janet Julie Maguire, B.Sc.(Bristol), Ph.D.(London). Bye-Fellow (Pharmacology). Gillian Fraser, B.Sc.(Glasgow), Ph.D. College Lecrurer in Pathology. Solene Marcelle Gwenaelle Louise Rowan, LL.B. (King's, London), Maitrisse (Sorbonne, Paris), LL.M., Ph.D. Assistant Direcror ofSrudics in Law. Laurence Stephen Tiley, B.Sc. (Manchester), Ph.D. (Reading). CoUcge Lecturer in Biochen1imy. Richard Nickl, M.A., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Vienna). College Lecturer in Mathematics. Tore Simon Budin, M.A., M.Eng., Ph.D. Bye-Fellow (Engineering). Gaya.11el1 Szenkovirs, BA. (Univ. Eocvos Lor.ind, Budapest), DipL Psych. (Paris V), M.Sc. (Ecole des Haute Emdes en Sciences Sociale, Paris), Ph.D. (Paris VI). Fabian Colenurr Scholar and Research Fellow (Neuroscienccs) James William Kelly, M.A. (Warwick), D.Phil.(Oxon), PGDip.LATHE (Oxon), M.Phil. Senior Tucot and College Lecturer in English. Stephen John Price, B.Sc., M.B., B.S. (London), Ph.D.. F.R.C.S. Bye-FeUow (Neurobiology). Ana MargaridaMarti.ns, B.A. (Coimbra), M.A., Ph.D. (Manchester). Bye-Fellow (Portuguese). Yolande Cordeaux, B.Sc., Ph.D..(Kenr). Bye.Fellow (Physiology). Andrew Colin Rice, B.A., Ph.D. College Lecturer in Computer Science. Julia Goedecke,M.A., Ph.D. Assistant Director of Studies in Mathematics. Laura Rebecc:aBiron, M.A., Ph.D., Dip.A.BRSM. Osaka Gakui.11 Research Fellow (Philosophy ofLaw). Lay Assistant Chaplain. Silas John Wollston, M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D.(Open), Cerr.A.I.S. (Guildhall Sch. ofMusic and Drama), A.R.C.O. Bye-Fellow. Director of Music; Direccor ofSrudies in Music. Joshua Mark Robinson. M.A., M.Phil.. Ph.D. Paterson Award Holder and Research FeUow (English). Edwige Moyroud, B.Sc., M.Sc. (Ecole Nonu. Sup., Lyon), Ph.D. (Grenoble/Lyon).. Research Fellow (Biology). David James Butterfield, M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D. Director of Smdies in Classics. Anna Louise Paterson, M.A., Ph.D .. M..8., Ch.B. Bye-fellow (Physiology). Margaret Elizabeth Bahn Tait, M.A. MPhil., Ph.D. Bye-Fellow (Education). Cocin.oe Boz, B.A., Ph.D. (Sheffield Hallam), M.A. (Hacettcpe, Turkey). .Bye-Fellow (Education). Edoardo Gallo, B.A. (Harvard), M.Phil., D.Phil. (Oxon). College Lecturer in Economics.

2.


Queens' College Record 20I2

From the President At last the builders have moved into the Round, and the longawaited refurbishment is underway. Ofcourse, the overall works are not just about aesthetics. There will be a much enlarged and improved Po.rters' Lodge, a cloister joining rhe Lodge to Cripps Court (echoing the cloister of Cloister Court), and the complexmes·s ofpipes and cables will (hopefully) be sorted out - posterity will be truly graceful for that. But the replacement ofa puddle-strewn car park with what I hope will be a pleasant, tree-filled court, with ample space for gathering or just sitting, will provide a more appropriate central space for the College. As chey say - watch chis space. This is, thank goodness, the only grand project chat che College is undertaking this year, but the usual round of repairs and maintenance continues. The year 2.012. marks, of course, the Diamond Jubilee of Her Majesty the Queen, our Patroness. As the national celebrations in early June fall right in the middle of University examinations, the College decided to arrange its own events. So far chese have been a special concert on 6 February, the day of che death of King George VI and of the Queen's Accession, comprising funeral and coronation anthems by Purcell and Handel, and a special service in Chapel on 19 February, at which the preacher was the Bishop of Ely. The autumn was ·dominated for me by a non-collegiate event: my wife Suzi preparing and then conducting three remarkable performances of Bach's St Matthew Passion, with the Orchestra of the Age ofEnlightenment, Sir Willard White as Chrisms, a wonderful supporting cast and a truly amazing young chorus. The forthcoming production dominated the summer and the autumn. Bue it was worth it. The production was pare of Suzi's Vocal Futures project, which aims to introduce young people to great classical music, often in unusual spaces (in chis case a disused concrete laboratory just by Marylebone tube stacion). Just after Christmas Suzi and I enjoyed a visit co members of the College living in Hong Kong. It began with a party at the China Club for 50 or so Members, and then there were two days of meetings, lunches and dinners. We have never received a warmer welcome anywhere, and I would like co record our gratitude to Hong Kong members for their kindness, and for their enthusiasm for rhe College. These are difficult financial times in higher education. The provision of teaching has been put under strain by the Government's removal of all financial support for teaching (ocher than some funding for the equipment required in science and engineering). And next October we will welcome

The President at the 1·eti1·ement ofPietro Ferri.

our first cohort of undergraduates who will be required to pay the new £9,000 fees. I am determined chat despite these pressures Queens' will maintain the high qua! icy of teaching that we all have enjoyed in the past, and we will also ensure that no-one is prevented from coming co Queens' by their financial circwnscances. To maintain our commitment to the highest quality education and to providing everyone who has rhe ability w ith che opportunity co come co Queens' will not be easy, and che College will need your support. I am confident that it will be forthcoming. I reach the University recirement age this year and will stand down from my Professorship. Under our scacuces X might have lefr Queens' coo. But lase Easter Term che Fellows did me the enormous honour of asking me to scay on as President for a further five years. I was delighted to accept and look forward to serving the College to che best of my ability until the end of che academic year 2.016-7. John Eatwell


The Society The Fellows in 2011 In October King Abdullah of Jordan appointed our Honorary Fellow, Judge Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh, as Prime Minister of Jordan. The College sent him its congratulations on the assumption of chis post ofsuch great responsibility. The President reaches the University retirement age in 2.012.. However, as provided for in the Statutes, the FeUows have decided co extend his tenure as President until the summer of 2.017. In June Mr Richard Fentiman's promotion to a Professorship was announced. He has taken the title of Professor of Private International La,v. In addition two Fellows were promoted co Readerships in the University. Dr Anthony Challinor becomes Reader in Astrophysics and Cosmology and Dr Ashwin Seshia has taken the title of Reader in Microsystems Technology. In addition Dr Andrew Thompson and Dr Andrew Zurcher have been promoted within the College to be Senior College Lecturers. Professor James Diggle retired in September after 45 years as a Fellow of Queens'. He became a Research Fellow in 1966 but almost immediately had to take over as Director ofStudies in Classics when Frank Goodyear was appointed to a Chair in London . James soon became an Official Fellow and has had, of course, a most distinguished career in the Classics Faculty, lattedy as Professor of Greek and Latin. A brief appreciation of his great contribution to scholarship and to the College is co be found elsewhere in The Record. He has also served tbe College as Librarian and as Praelector for many years and, to the great pleasure of everyone at Queens', he has agreed ro continue in this latter office. He will also continue as convenor of the Thomae Smithi Academia. His retirement was marked by the presentation of a Festschrift, Ratio et Res Ipsa: Classical Essays presented by former pupils to James Diggle on his retirement (edited by three distinguished Queensmen, Dr Paul Millett, Professor Stephen Oakley, and Dr Rupert

Thompson), and a grand dinner in the Old Hall. James has also been Senior Fellow for several years and will continue to be part of our Society as a Life Fellow. Dr Robin Walker now becomes Senior Fe!Jow. Dr Andrew Glass also retired chis year. He first became associated with Queens' when he was recruited as a Supervisor in Pure Mathematics after his retirement co Cambridge from his Chair and Head of Department pose at Bowling Green University, Wisconsin. For the lase 13 years, since his appointment to a Bye-Fellowship and then to an Official Fellowship, Andrew has been a key member of the Mathematics supervising and direction of studies team and has also served Queens' as a Tutor and Direccor of Studies in Mathematics. He becomes a Fellow Emeritus so that he can maintain some association with the College Dr Claude Warnick came to the end of his tenure as a Research Fellow in Theoretical Physics and has taken up a pose-doctoral fellowship at che Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences, based at the Unjversicy of Alberta. He has been an Assistant Director of Studies in Mathematics as well as supervising extensively. Dr Baojiu Li, who earlier in the year was elected a Feilow of the Royal Astronomical Society, moved in October to the University of Durham to take up an appointment which will lead to a Lectureship in Mathematics, though he has been returning to Cambridge to help with teaching at Queens'. Dr Andrew Odhams, who has been a Bye-Fellow in Engineering since 2.006, also left in the summer to work for McLaren Formula 1 in Oxfordshire. In September it was announced chat, on che advice of the Lord Chancellor, the Queen has appointed Mr Stuart Bridge to be a Circuit Judge. The Lord ChiefJustice has assigned him to the South Eastern Circuit, based at Luton Crown Court. Stuart, who is of course married to our Director of Studies in Biological Natural Sciences, Dr Beverley Glover, has been

Professor Richard Fcntimnn outside the Senate House.

His HonourJudge Bridge

4


Queens' College Record 2or2

Dr Hugh Field (right} with Dr Robin Walker.

a teaching Fellow of Queens' for 2.2. years, even returning weekly to supervise while he was based in London as a Law Commissioner for England and Wales. He has served the College as Admissions Tutor, Tutor and Assistant Director of Studies in Law and the Governing Body decided in November to elect him to a Life Fellowship of the College. Stuart was sworn in as a Circuit Judge by the Lord Chief Justice at che Royal Couns of Justice on 12. January 2-011. and becomes His Honour Judge Bridge. The eighth edition of the land law 'bible' Megarry & Wade's Law ofReal Property, edited by Mr Bridge and Dr Marcin Dixon from Queens' as well as Charles Harpu.m, is about to be published. Dr Hugh Field retired in December from his University post as Reader in Comparative Virology. He intends, however, to continue to teach Pathology at Queens' and to act as Director of Studies in Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, so the College has elected him for the time being to a ByeFellowship. Two years ago the sudden and unexpected death of Dr Emil Perreau-Saussine, the husband of Dr Amanda Perreau.Saussine, was reported in the Record. Amanda herself was subsequently dfagnosed with a serious illness and both the Faculty of Law and Queens' have granted her special leave of absence. On All Saines' Day she was married to an old friend, Mr Carlos Ezcurra, first in a civil ceremony in rhe President's Lodge, then at a splendid Roman Catholic Nuptial Mass in a packed College Chapel, presided over by a priest who was an old friend of all three - Carlos, Amanda and Emil. Amanda remains on leave. In the spring Dr Diana Henderson, our Director of Development, mauied an old Queensman, Professor Peter Jones (1957). Dr Laura Biron has been accepted for training for the priesthood in the Church of England. She is forrµally training at Westcott House but has been 'attached' to Queens' and so she has been designated Lay Assistant Chaplain. She and her husband, Dr Domi_nic Scott, are to be congratulated on the birth of a daughter, Zoe, in January 2.012.. Dr Silas Wellston took on the post of Director of Music in April and has been elected into a Bye-Fellowship. He has also taken over as Director ofStudies in Music. Dr Wellston was an ·. undergraduate and MPhil student at Trinity College, where · he was the Organ Scholar. He has recendy completed a PhD from the Open University on 'The instrumentation of English

violin-band music, 1660-85' and is a specialist on Restoration ,theatre music. He is a distinguished instrumentalist, with an international reputation as a keyboard player. He has taught extensively in the Music Tripos. He is the principal cominuo player and assistant conductor for Sir John Eliot Gardiner and has made a number of recordings with the Monteverdi Choir and the English Baroque Soloists, with the Bach Players, with the English Concert, and with other artists. Two new Research Fellows were elected in January and admitted to their Felh,vships in October. Joshua Robinson is a graduate of Queens' in English and has been studying for a PhD on Adorne's Poetics of Form. He has a Cambridge MPhil in Criticism and Culture and has, of late, been an Affiliated Professor at the University of Haifa in Israel as well as studying extensively in Berlin. He has taught extensively in rhe English Tripos whilst a research student and has published · a volume of poetry, Shift Report (Cambridge: Arehouse 2.005). Edwige Moyroud is a plant scientist, specialising in the regulation of flower development. She is a French national and was a PhD student at the Universities of Grenoble and Lyon. Her original BSc degree from the Ecole Nor.male Superieure of Lyon was in Cellular and Molecular Biology and she also has a Masters degree from that institution. She has received practical research training at the Natural History Museum in London and is particularly interested in engaging the interest of the public, especially young people, in Biological Science. Dr David Butterfield has been elected as a Fellow to teach and direct studies in Classics as a replacement for Professor James Diggle, on the latter's retirement. He is a graduate of Christ's College and has completed an MPhil and PhD at Cambridge. His particular speciality is within the field of textual criticism of several Roman authors, but in particular Lucretius. He was, unusually, elected to a Research Fello~ship at Christ's only one year into his PhD work and has been a Lector and Assistant Director of Studies. He has won a whole raft of University and College prizes, including seven Browne Medals and the Forson and Hallam Prizes. Dr Butterfield was initially elected to an Advanced Research Fellowship but before he was admitted he was appointed to a Lectureship in the Faculty of Classics, so becomes an Official FeJJow. Dr Anna Paterson has been elected into a Bye-Fellowship and she will concentrate on teaching Physiology ro our medical and veterinary students. Dr Paterson is a graduate of Queens', winning many academic prizes as an undergraduate, and has completed the MB/ l?hD programme as a student of Trinity College. She is currently working as a junior doctor at Addenbrooke's. Her PhD work concentrated on biomarkers for and the treatment of oesophageal cancer. She has participated in several multiple science roadshow events as well as visiting schools on behalf of the University and is a member of the reviewing team on medical textbooks for Oxford University Press. She is a keen hockey player and represented the North of England at Under 21 level. Queens' has elected two new Bye-Fellows who are experts in the field of Education to facilitate the induction of new students and to enhance professional development opportunities for academic and research staff. Dr Meg Tait, herself a former undergraduate and graduate student of Queens', is the Head of the Academic Practice Group at the University's Centre for Personal and Professional Development


with a brief to enhance professional development support for the academic and research staff, including graduate students, of the University. She read Modern and Medieval Languages at Queens', specialising in German, took an MPhil in European Licerature and then a PhD on the works of Stefan Heym. Dr Corinne Boz is a Research Associate and Academic Lead in the 'Transkills Project' of the University. She has a BA in English, followed by a PhD in Applied Linguistics, from Sheffield Hallam University. She also has an MA in Linguistics from Hacettepe University, Ankara, and is a qualified teacher of English as a Foreign Language to Adults. She has a research interest in particular in transitions co Higher Education and the First Year Experience. In February 2.012. Dr Edoardo Gallo was elected an Official Fellow and a College Lecturer in Economics. He had been already appointed as a University Lecturer in Economics from February 2.012. and comes to us from a Junior Research Fellowship at Christ Church, Oxford. He is an Italian national and h is first degree was a B.A. in Physics and Mathematics at Harvard University. In 2.007 he completed an M.Phil. in Economics with distinction at St Cross College, Oxford. He went on to study for a D.Phil. at Nuffield College. He has taught both Quantitative Economics and Microeconomics at the Department of Economics in Oxford and has won prizes for 'best paper' at conferences in Scotland, Ireland and Franee. In August the President and Lady Eatwell both taught ar the Universjcy ofSouthern California in Los Angeles, the President in Economics and Lady Eatwell in Music. The President has become Financial Commissioner (ie regulator) for Jersey. In November Lady Eatwell conducted the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment in three staged performances of Bach's St Matthew Passfon with Sir Willard White singing Chrisms. Our longest-standing Fellow, Professor Tony Spearing has been awarded an Honorary Ph.D. by the University of Lund in Sweden. An entertaining account of the rather unusual admissions ceremony is to be found elsewhere in the Record. Professor Ajic Singh has been given the Honoris Causa award of a Doctorate and an Honorary Professorship by the Faculty of Economics of the National University of Piura, Peru "in recognition of his contributions on the issues of liberalisation and globalisation of financial markets, policy competition and

industrialisation in emerging countries". At the invitation of the Malaysian Central Bank he delivered a public lecture in Kuala Lumpur on Islamic Finance. He was invited to participate in a special conference on Crises and Renewal held ar the Mount Washington Hotel in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire. This was chevenue in 1944 for the famous Bretton Woods Conference which led to the foundation of the IMF and the World Bank and the post WW2. economic order. Dr Brian Callinghamorganised a conference in Queens' and in the Department of Pharmacology in July, entitled 'Twenty years of Inllammopharmacology'. He was also an invited speaker at the 6th International Symposium on cell/tissue injury in St Petersburg, Russia, in October. Professor John Tiley visited Auckland and Melbourne to give courses on Tax Law. Dr Brian Hebblethwaite visited the Holy Land for che fuse time in November, acting as Chaplain on a Pilgrimage. He celebrated Holy Communion ac the shepherds' field in Bethlehem and by the Sea ofGalilee, and conducted the renewal of marriage vows for a couple at Cana in Galilee. Professor Peter Spufford has become an Honorary Member of both the British Numismatic Society and ofits Belgian equivalent (he is already an Honorary Member of the Dutch Numismatic Society). Dr Andy Cosh has been appointed Assistant Director of the Centre for Business Research in the University. Dr Hugh Field has been appointed a Governor of Parmiter's School in Hertfordshire (a former comprehensive now with Academy Status as a 'High Performing Specialist School' - the Headmaster is an Old Queensman, Nick Daymond). The Revd Canon Di:]ohn Polkinghorne has been awarded an honorary Doctorate of Divinity by Wycliffe College, Toronto, and has published Science and Theology in Quest of Truth (SPCK/Yale). Dr Christos Pitelis, has been awarded che European Management Review 2.010 Best Paper Award for his joint paper 'Toward a theory ofpublic entrepreneu.rship' with three co-authors. Furthermore, at the 2.on Academy of Management Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, his joint paper with I. Boulouta 'Corporate Social Responsibility and National Competitiveness', was giveil che 'Best Paper' award. He was also the Chair and Organizer of the Plenary on '35 Years lncernalisation and the MNE' at the Academy of International Business Annual Meeting at Nagoya in June and was an invited speaker at the 'Branding and the Sustainable Advantage of Firms and Nations' Launch ofWPP's BrandZ Top 50 Mose Valuable Brazilian Brands, Sao Paulo. He has become an Ediror of the Cambridge journal ofEconomics. Dr Eivind Kahrs and a colleague have received a very substantial grant from the AHRC for che project '1he intellectual and religious traditiom of South Asia as seen through the Sanskrit manuscript collections of the University Library, Cambridge' (The UL has an important collection ofSanskrit manuscripts, several of chem rare, and most of them acquired in th.e late nineteenth century). Professor David Ward was one of 12. Cambridge academics to be awarded a Pilkington Prize for teaching excellence in 2.011. In January 2.012. Dr John Allison and his colleague Professor Linda Colley gave Oral Evidence to the Political and Constitutional Reform Committee of the House of Commons, mapping the path to codifying (or not codifying) the UK's constitmion. Dr Beverley Glover has been awarded the William Bate Hardy Prize of the Cambridge Philosophical

Ihe President and Profess()r Diggle (right) with new Felwws. Left t() right: Dr Wollston, Dr Tait, Dr Buz, D,¡ Butte,:field, Dr Paterson, Dr Rubjnsun, Dr Muyruud. 6


Queens' College Record 2oz2 Society. She also visited Namaqualand as pare ofa Royal Society Joint International Project Grant, to develop collaborations focussed on the unique Cape Flora daisies. Dr Murray Milgace's After Adam Smith {Princeton University Press) was awarded the David and Elaine Spitz Prize for the best book in liberal and democratic theory. lhe prize was presented at the Annual Meetings of the American Political Science Association in September. His latest book {with John Eatwell), The Fall and Rise of Keynesian Economics was published by Oxford University Press during the summer. Dr Craig Muldrew has published Food, Energy and the Creation of Industriousness: Work and Material Culture in Agrarian England, 1550-I7So, {C.U.P., 1.ou). He also co-edited a special issue of the Italian journal Quadn-ni Storici (137, 2.011) entitled Debiti e Credici, with Pro£ A Arrau and Pro£ M.R. De Rosa. ln February he was invited to participate in an audience discussion after a performance of Shakespeare's Timon ofAthens at the Public Theatre in New York and in September was invited to give papers on his work on early modern British household incomes in Tokyo, Kyoto and Ehime Un iversities.Japan. The documentary programme Betwten Life and Death, filmed by BBC Wales, which prominently featured Professor David Menon and his work in the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit at Addenbrooke's, was awarded the BAFTA for the Best Single Documentary in 2.011. Dr Andrew Thompson has published George II: king and elector (Yale University Press, 2.011). He is also the Historical Consultant for che Art and Monarchy series on BBC Radio 4. Dr Julia Gog spent the academic year as a Visiting Fellow in the Department of · Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Princeton University. She received the Senior Investigaror Award for best oral presentation at the Epidemics } conference in Boston in December for her paper entitled Spatio-temporal patterns ofthe 2009 pandemic influenza in the US. Dr Ioanna Sitaridou was awarded the Stanley J. Seeger Visiting Research Fellowships in Hellenic Studies (the most competitive award in Hellenic Studies worldwide) at Princeton University from Spring 2.011. The Visiting Fellowship was given for her project: 'Continuity, Contact and Change: The Hellenic varieties {Romeyka) of Ponrns'. She is spending the Lent Term 1.011. as a Visiting Scholar at the Department of Literature, Area Studies and European Languages at the University of Oslo to work in one of the currently biggest historical linguistics projects on the

Dr Gog and Professor Hall enjoy the dqdgems at the May Bali.

word order of the Ibero-Romance and Germanic languages. Professor Andrew Gamble was commissioned last year co write a report for the British Academy Policy Centre on 'Economic Futures' for their series 'New Paradigms in Public Policy'. Thfa was published in September 1.011. Dr Owen Arthurs was awarded an ESPR Visiting Fellowship in Paris, followed by a Fdlowship to work at Great Ormond Street Hospital, so will be away for the current academic year. Dr Stephen Price has been appointed to the National Cancer Research Institute Clinical Study Group on Brain and Central Nervous System Tumours. He helped organise a very successful British Neuro-Oncology Society meeting in Homerton College, giving a talk "Individualising surgeryfor brain tumours: managing heterogeneity". He has also been awarded a Pump Priming Grant from the Royal College of Surgeons of England for a study entitled "Identifying Regional Response and Distribution ofChemotherapy in Brain Tumours: A Multimodal lmaging Study". Since he became a Fellow, Dr David Bucccrfield has been jointly awarded the Hare Prize, the Classical Faculcy's most prestigious prize, for the best PhD thesis of the year and the thesis is to be published by CUP. Dr Peter Watson, Fellow Commoner, has received the Centenary Medal of the Swedish Ophthalmological Society. Jonathan Holmes

Thomae Smithi Academia The Thomae Smichi Academia, a discussion group for Fellows and Fellow Commoners, founded in 1976, continues to hold five meetings annually, in the Old Combination Room. Discussions were held on the following topics: 'Working on a hunch: Intuition in mathematics and science', introduced by Dr Warnick; 'Whither the idea ofa University now?' introduced by

Dr Kelly; 'Censorship and control of communication in the age of the internee: introduced by Dr Rice; 'Are we all feminists now? When subversion becomes the norm: introduced by Dr Martins; 'Claret prospects: introduced by Dr Kahrs and Dr Bryant. James Diggie

7


The Retirement of Professor James Diggle James Diggle's retirement on 30th September 2.ou brought co an end a great epoch in the study of Classics in our College. In r966 James, then barelyolder than some undergraduates, was elected to a Research Fellowship at Queens'; he became Director ofStudies in Classics a few months later. That James was 'outstanding' was observed by his referee on appointment. Just how oucstanding was swiftly to become dear: he was elected a Fellow of the Bri tisb Academy at what now seems an extraordinarily young age; he gained a personal chair in Greek and Latin before such things became a regular career grade; he became the most virtuoso University Orator of modern times; his three-volume Oxford Classical Text of Euripides set new standards in the editing of Greek tragedy, which subsequent editors have struggled to match; and his splendid edition of Theophrastus' Characters contains brilliant linguistic illumination and constantly reminds us of how much about the ancient world in addition to the ancient languages he knows. When James's academic pupils presented him with a Festschrift (PauJ Millett, $. P. Oakley, and R. J. E. Thompson (edd.), Ratio et res ipsa: classical essayspresented by former pupils to James Diggle on his retirement (Cambridge, 2.011)), we were celebrating a teacher who remains for us an exemplar of what a scholar should be. Several of those whose studies James directed have gained academic distinction in their own right: there are three University Teaching Officers in Cambridge's Faculty of Classics, Professors of Classics in other universities, Professors of Divinity, Sociology, and Agriculture. But James's teaching has had an impact on a far wider range of pupils than those bound for academia. What made his retirement dinner in the Old Hall on Sept. 24th such a great occasion (to use the expression on the lips of so many present) was the sheer number of pupils who returned. Over sixty of us were there, many bringing spouses or partners - some just nineteen, some approaching their mid-sixties, bankers, businessmen, clergymen, civil servants, lawyers, school-teachers, and members of many ocher professions. Sarah Bruckland (2.007), Jane Ainsworth (1995), and Jim McKeown (1971) all spoke, and James himself concluded with a. memorable address. Many academics cease seriously to supervise undergraduates after elevation to a chair, but James continued to direct studies for nearly forty-five years (has -anyone else at Queens'

ever managed this long?), always keeping the well-being of the college and of his pupils close to his heart. Queens' Classics had its dark ages before the scholarly standing of che post of Director of Studies was revived by James's predecessor and great friend, Frank Goodyear. It is very good news that David Butterfield, an excellent young scholar with interests akin to both and fully worthy to receive their mantle, has been appointed co succeed James in both his University and College positions. We wish him well. This piece should not be confused with the obituaries to be found elsewhere in che Record. James remains in his academic prime and is working very long hours in his house in Canterbury Street as chief editor of a new Greek-English lexicon. We wish him a long retirement, with many years both for enjoying the company of Sedwell and their three sons and for the completion of the lexicon and, we trust, many subsequent scholarly projects.

Stephen Oakley (r977)

.fames and SedwelLDiggle, summer 20n.

Laurels at Lund Sweden known as Skane; it's not very far from Ysrad, smaUer but now world-famous as the setting for the investigations of Henning Mankel's .fictional Inspector Wallander. Skane was seized from Danish control in 1658, and Lund University was founded in 1666 as part of a process of Swedi.fication. The university has many ancient traditions, and those associated with the Do.ktorspr-omotionen are so exotic by Cambridge standards that readers may find a brief description interesting. I arrived in Lund by taxi from Copenhagen airport on 2.5 May. The first task was to visit a tailor to ensure chat my rented white-tie suit, required for che celeb.ratory banquet, was • the right size. The next morning I gave a lecture at the Centre

In May i.ou the FacuJty of Humanities of che University of Lund conferred on me the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, honoris causa. I belong to the last generation of British scholars for whom the Ph.D. was not a necessary qualification for an academic career, and though I began writing a dissertation under the direction of C. S. Lewis and Elizabeth Salter, I never needed co ÂŁ.nish it. So for a long time "Dr Spearing" meant my wife, who earned her doctorate the hard way; now there is a second "Dr Spearing~ A more important reason for gratification was that I was being honoured by Sweden's largest and most distinguished institution of higher education and research. The beautiful city of Lund, with ics Romanesque cathedral, is in the area of southern 8


Queens' College Record 2012 for Languages and Literature on "Theft, Sex and Violence: Chaucer's Cambridge Tale"-tha.t being the Reeve's Tale, set in Cambridge and Trumpington. It's always been one of my favourites, though Oxford scholars have a strange tendency to think it inferior to its counterpart, the Miller's Tale, set in Oxford. (One of them explained this on the not entirely rational or indeed credible ground that "Oxford has always had the wittiest men and the prettiest girls".) Then there was a formal lunch at the Grand Hotel with the professors of the Faculties of Humanities and Theology, each of which was presenting one candidate for promotion to an honorary doctorate. After lunch came the rehearsal for the conferral ceremony. I had been warned that chis would be chaotic, and so it was. Honorary doctorates are conferred on the same occasion as earned doctorates (of which there were about 22.0 in 2.ou) and "jubilee doctoratesff (granted to chose who gained their original doctorates fi6:y years previously: see Ingmar Bergman's film Wild Strawberries for an example). So there were several hundred people milling around in the Main University Building, waiting to be told what their place would be in the procession to the cathedral and in the cathedral itself, along with numerous "marshals" who would have needed prolonged experience in herding cats to be able to take: control of the variously strong-minded and absent-minded academics. I was lucky enough to have my own marskalk, so I felt fairly confident that if I could keep my eye on this small lady wearing a large blue-and-white sash I wouldn't get lost. The rehearsal included a fitting of the laurel wreaths presented to those granted doctorates in the "philosophical" faculties (which include Humanities). The doctors in the other faculcies are given nor a laurel wreath bur the normal Swedish academic headgear, a black pleated top hat. I felc sure that for me a laurel wread1 would be more becoming, even if ic didn't make me look quire Like Dante or Petrarch. I had been asked many weeks previously to provide my head measuremem, for the wreaths arc all custom made by sewing together authentic laurel leaves, and indeed mine was a perfect fie. There was also an extraordinary ceremony in which a lady, chosen for an exceptional contribution of some kind chat she had made co the university in the preceding academic year, lay Aat while some plastic material was used co make a mould of her nose so that it could eventually be represented in the: University's Nasotek or nose museum. She was then given a glass of brandy co help her recover, while all chose who knew che tune and could pronounce the Swedish words gave a vigorous rendering of the Nasi.fieringshymn-a rare term indeed, which produced no results when I googledic. You may well find it hard co believe: that this really happened, but I assure you ic did, though I can't pretend to have understood exactly what it signified. It was evidently a tradition established quite recently bur now much treasured and likely to continue through future centuries. 2.7 May was the day of chc actual conferral. We aJI assembled in the Main University Building, with the male academics wearing black tails and white tie but wich a black waistcoat, and the females (in accordance with the instructions of the Office of Academic Ceremonies) "long black dress with covered shoulders". Shoulders were: indeed covered, though some long black dresses managed to be revealing in other ways. Those of both genders wore the pleated top hat, the laurel wreath being worn only in the period immediately afi:er it was

conferred. I however was not obliged co dress like this, because my Cambridge MA gown, and especially che cap, were felt to be as picturesque in Lund as the Lund gee-up would seem in Cambridge. I was encouraged by the Cerimonimiistare to wear my Cambridge academicals over an ordinary dark suit; I did so, and for che first time in my life was asked co pose for several photographers. At noon precisely we set off in a slow march to the cathedral, most of us in the dress described above, but with various officials in ocher picturesque garmencs, and an assortment of marshals, some with red sashes and some with blue-and-white. The weather was showery, and only black umbrellas were officially permitted, bur my tasteful dark grey one was declared acceptable. On the way we passed a small company of artillerymen (with one formidable-looking arcillerywoman), dressed in the uniforms of a century ago, with the cannon that they would be firing very loudly outside the cathedral at the precise moments when doctorates were conferred inside. Computers muse have made the coordination much easier than in the past. We cook our places, and, alter a welcoming address by the Rector Magnificus (so much grander-sounding a title than Vice-Chancellor), the ceremonies began. They were all in Latin, though with occasional musical interludes, and necessarily somewhat repetitious, with each successive candidate being crowned wich his or her hat or laurel wreath, being given a gold ring (sinceraefidei pignus) and a Latin diploma (doctrinae virtutisque Ustimonium), bidden farewell as Praeclarissima Doctrix or Praeclari.ssimus Doctor, and bowing several rimes in several directions. But all this solemnity, lasting over three hours, was sweetened by the most charming of Lund traditions. Nine little girls, aged perhaps between four and seven, identicalJy dressed in white satin and muslin frocks with white shoes and socks, had been conveyed co the cathedral in a horsedrawn open carriage, from which they waved enthusiasticalJy to their families and friends. These Kransflickor or "laurel girls" represented the Muses, and were carrying on poles the laurel wreaths wich which the appropriate candidates were

P,¡ofessor Tony Spearing UJith Profess1Jr Marianne 1IJOm1ahlen, Dean ofResearch in Humanities a11d Theology at L1111d.

9


to be crowned. They bore them to a table at the top of the chancel steps; this was where the conferrers of the doctorates presided, and it represented Parnassus. Then the Muses sat on the steps, each on her own little cushion, and each with a white bag of sweeties to help her endure the tedium co follow. They behaved remarkably well, with only a little, very natural, giggling and whispering, and were generally a great credit to their mammas. I was informed that in the nineteenth century the Muses had been accompanied by a little boy of a similar age, representing Apollo, who presented the diplomas; but it was evidently found that boys were kss capable than girls of behaving decorously, so Apollo was now represenced by a male student. (I should perhaps mention that nobody seemed to see anything incongruous about this pagan symbolism in a cathedral; indeed the Bishop of Lund, herself a Lund Doctor of Theology, was present, regarded the proceedings with manifest benevolence, and pronounced the concluding prayer.) When the time came for the pagan party to leave in the procession back to the University, eight of che Muses formed pairs hand in hand, but the ninth held hands with the rail, handsome Apollo, and she looked particularly pleased with herself. Back ac the University there was champagne and canapes and conversation; then I had ro go to my hotel to change into white tie and tails for the Conferral Banquet, held in the Scudent Union building. There was more champagne at 6:30, with the banquet itself beginning at 7pm. At this point my recollection begins co become a little hazy, bud chink there were

seven speeches, ofvatyinglengths, some in Swedish and some in English, and one first in Swedish and then in English; there was also a performance by a remarkably energetic lady violinist. By midnight we had reached the dessert stage, and, though music, dancing and more drinks were still to come, I began to feel that if I was to walk back to my hotel unaided I had better take my leave. My hostess, the Dean of Research in Humanities and Theology, was kindly tolerant of my weakness, and assured me that I would not be impolite to leave so early: At the hoed I fell into bed, forgetting to request a wakeup call, and woke at roam, with just enough time co pack, return my penguin suit to the tailor, and check out (but not to have breakfast), before the taxi arrived to take me back to Copenhagen airport. The Swedes are often thought co be formal people, and I believe they do place a high value on tradition and ceremony; but in Skane rhey certainly know how to enjoy themselves and how to give pleasure to their guests. At the time of writing I am hoping that my wreath will survive till the end ofJuly 2.011, when I return from England to the University of Virginia, and chat the US Customs will not confiscate it as a dangerous foreign import. Several Virginia colleagues have expressed curiosity about it, not unmixed with incredulity and hilarity, and I'd like co be able to present it as evidence that I really was crowned with laurel. Laurel notoriously Withers and according to Swinburne "outlives not May", but perhaps ifl keep it in che refrigerator....

Tony Spearing

Professor John Morton Blum, Fellow 1963-4 John Morton Blum, Emeritus Sterling Professor of Histo,y at Yale, died in Connecticut on October 17 2.ou, aged 90. The legendary historian of Twentieth Century American politics and policy wrote thirteen books, including The Republican Roosevelt, From the Morgenthau Diaries, and V Was far Victory: Politics and American Culture during World Tf-'llr ll; a memoir, A Life With History; and even a mystery set at Yale, An Old Blue Corpse. He co-authored The National Experience, a bestselling textbook. He edited the papers of Theodore Roosevelt, Henry Wallace, and Walter Lippmann, as well as an anthology of Nineteenth Century children's literature. John Blum was born on 29 April 1921. The Depression left his parents and their three children nearly penniless. John's teachers at Andover, wh.ich he attended on scholarship, imbued him wich a love of history. He received his BA from Harvard in r943 and returned there, after serving in the U.S. Navy, to earn his PhD in 1950. He caught at MIT until he joined Yale in 1957, where he remained until his retirement in 1991. He revelled in academic life and was a splendid administrator. John embodied university citizenship at MIT, Yale and Harvard, where he became the first Jew to join che

Harvard Corporation. He became a Fellow ofQueens' whilst holding che Visiting Pitt Professorship of American History and Inscimtions at Cambridge from 1963-64 and in 1976-77 he was similarly the Harmswo.rch Professor at Oxford. He was given an LLD by Harvard in 1980. John dedicated his fuse book.Joe Tumulty and the Wilson Era, co his dissertation supervisor, Frederick Merk. "The substance of what he taught evoked the enthusiasm of the undergraduates who filled his classes; the spirit behind his teaching bound his graduate students to him... he was our master." His own students thought the same of Blum. A spectacular teacher who left his mark on generations of Yale undergraduate and graduate students, John delivered an annual lecture recreating Theodore Roosevelc's charge up Kettle Hill char riveted his listeners even as it summoned chem to public life. Wit, civility and inregriry laced his instruction inside and outside the classroom. He is survived by his wife of 67 years and their three children. There is now a John Morton Blum Fellowship in American History and Culcure at Yale.

Professor Tony Badger, Paul Mellon Professor of American History

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~eens' College Record 2oz2

The Staff The StaffSports and Social Club's busy calendar kicked off with ss 'children' of all ages, attending the traditional trip to the Pantomime to see Aladdin. In March, 2.6 pensioners were welcomed back to College to enjoy afternoon tea with the President and Fellows. The Quiz Night, in April, attracted 15 teams this year - in first place were the 'Bursary Belles' (Janis, Emma, Rachel and Tina from the Bursarial Offices). In second place, 'The Secret Nightmen' (Trevor, Rob, Mark and Rod from che Porters' Lodge), the 'Mars' team, (Richard Morley and family), came in a very respectable third place. This year, scaif were spoilt for choice as two Scaff Outings were organised. l11e first trip ran on Saturday 18 June co the BBC Gardeners' World Live 2.on at the NEC in Birmingham. The second outing, on Monday 2,7 June, visited Kew Gardens, caking in a fascinating journey from Westminster Pier co the Gardens on a boat chat had been at the Dunkirk evacuation. Boch trips were a great success and over-subscribed! Scaff have also been busy organizing their own evems and, in September, Bebi Holmes (Catering) entered a team from the Catering Department in the Chariots of Fire Race, this year they supported the Rosie Hospital Campaign. In October, members of the Catering Team entered the Cambridge Colleges Culinary Competition and came away with their arms full of medals - four certificates of achievement, four bronze and a silver medal - well done Scott White, Kryscof Jaworsky, Brendan Blychin and Chris Lawrenson! The Tutorial Office welcomed back Khalida Anwar-Khan from maternity leave in February. In March, Maria McElroy was appointed as Schools Liaison Officer with Moira Rybicki. and Carol Webb joining the tutorial team in July and August as Tutorial Secretary and Tutorial Receptionist respectively.

In January, Pierro Ferri (Butler) formaJly retired after 14 years of service but is still plying his weU-honed skills in che Lodge when needed. In July, Mandy Handscombe (Nursery), retired after 15 years of service. In September, afi:er 32. years in service, we said goodbye co Keith Mills (Spores Ground), who retired as Head Groundsman. Mark Reeder, his assistant, has now taken over the role, assisted by Ian Rush and Luke Haynes. Karen Begg (College Librarian) retired in November after eight years of service to pursue ocher interests and we welcomed Dr Tim Eggington as College Librarian. Alan Burge also retired in December after 10 years working as che Storeman in the Catering Department. The new Srock Controller is Thomas Ryan. The Bursary welcomed Svetlana Busarova to the position of Bursary Assis rant, as Wendy Kettlewell moved into the role of Human Resources Assistant. For che seventh year r.unning, some of che staffparticipated in a 'Christmas Card Amnesty' and instead of sending cards, gave the money saved to charity. The chosen chariry for 2.on was MAGPAS. Staff and Fellows attended whac has become another annual event as Dr Patterson, Tim and Miriam invited us co mince pies and coffee in the Library, followed by a tour of che Old Library. It is with great sadness we have to report che deaths of cwo of our pensioners, Joan Summerfield, Catering Assistant from 1984 to 2.008, and Chris Morley, College Porter from September 1998 to June 2.010. Congratulations co Trevor Jones (Head Porter) on his marriage to Deeann Reynolds. Tim Shorey (Catering) and Sue Copsey (President's Lodge) celebrated 2.0 years of service, whilst Andrew Page, Sandra Lackenby and Alan Burge celebrated 10 years ofservice. The Staff Spores and Social calendar drew to a close with

Pietro Ferri, who retired as Butler in January.

The Head Porte,, TrevorJones, and his bride Deeann on their wedding day.

11


our usual party scyle! lheiirsc of che Christmas events was che Children's. Christmas Parry, with non-stop action from Mr Marvel (a very firm favourite). The Committee, as ever, had provided a light lunch for the hungry hoards. Another popular event is the Staff Carol Service. The service, taken by Jonathan Holmes with readings by members of the College, was followed by festive refreshments in the Long Gallery at the kind invitation of the President and Lady Eatwell. The penultimate event was the Dinner and Dance, with 12,4 .staff and their guests enjoying a traditional Christmas dinner, dancing the night away, with live band Top Notch providing the entertainment. A very special thank you must go co all the members of the ScaffSports and Social Committee who make these events so successful. The final event in the ScaffSports and Social Club calendar was the Bursars' Reception for the College Scaff on the 2.2. December, traditionally held at lunchtime with sausage rolls and mince pies in the College Bar followed by our famous raffle. The Reception is a good mix of staff, Fellows and pensioners. Prizes are kindly donated by the Fellowship and

Keith Mills, who has reti,¡ed after JZ years as Head Groundsman, with his wife, sua:essors, and Dr Thompson and Mr Spence at his retirmentparty.

the money raised helps co ensure che Staff Sports and Social Committee funds remain buoyant!

Lorraine M Loftus

The Buildings The Fabric 2011 In preparation for the redevelopment of 'The Round' and the Porters' Lodge, a Portakabin has been erected just outside W Staircase of Fisher Building co provide a temporary home for the Porters' Lodge during che building project, which is expected co lase until September 2.012.. Fibre-optic data services which crossed the bridge and The Round, or which entered che former Porters' Lodge, have been diverted down Silver Street. The former vehicular entry and car-park in The Round have closed, and all entry/exit from the College west of che river is now through the gaces outside W scain:ase, just beside the Silver Street traffic bollards. In Old Court, the clock-tower has been extensively repaired to eliminate wood rot and prevent rain-water ingress to the libraries below. The lights illuminating the clock-faces have been replaced. The Old Library has received wood-worm treatment, and rhe Law Library lighting has been updated. The controls for the Library boiler-house have been renewed. Walnut Tree building has required repairs to its slate roof, where it appears chat unauthorised climbers on the roof had caused damage co che large slates. The boiler for H staircase has been replaced afi:er a prolonged set of unsuccessful repairs co the previous boiler, resulcing in a cold winter for some residents. In the Erasmus Building, there has been a redevelopment of chose pares of the 2.nd and 3rd floors of L staircase which had been communal baths, showers, and WCs before the en-suiting of the building in 1997. Each of the two Boors now provides a refurbished gyp-room and a new Supervision Room, with some storage for housekeeping and one communal bathroom, for chose who want a barh rather than a shower. In the Dokett Building, rhere has been a major re-fit of che basement boilerhouse, which is described in another article dedicated to the centenary of the Dokect Building.

Scaffolding to repair the Clock Towe,:

12.


Queens' College Record 20I2 There have been major repairs to che Essex Room Wing of che President's Lodge. The roof has been re-tiled, with new thermal insulation below, and rotten woodwork renewed. The decorated from of the lead gutter was carefully cut out and re-instated on the new lead-work. A brick chimney stack in poor condition on the Walnut-Tree side was repaired. The half-timbered turret at the east end of the Long Gallery needed a new lead roof. and rocren window-frames were cue out and replaced. On I staircase, Pump Court, sec Ii, intended for a residential Fellow, has been internally refurbished. It has been provided with central heating for the first time in its history. The former bathroom was made smaller and re-fitted as a shower/ WC. The space released was made into a small kitchenette, making the set more self-comained. Nexc door, the Erasmus Room (h) has been fitted with secondary double-glazing, both to reduce noise from Silver Street and co help keep it warm. Following safety concerns, the handrails on che Wooden Bridge have been extended onto the approach ramp from The Round. A more permanent solution will be provided as part of the landscaping for the redevelopment of The Round. In the Fisher Building, staircases Wand Y have been .fitted with secondary double-glazing, following on from V and X staircases lase year. The Fisher Building boiler-house, serving both Fisher Building and Cripps Court, daces from 1974 and is now showing its age in various ways: the gas pressure booster pumps were replaced chis year, bur there are signs of more expensive works being needed in the not coo distant future, as the boilers themselves are beyond their normal raced lifetime. The Solarium (Cripps CourtAA8), which is 100% glazed on all outer elevations, has had secondary glazing .fitted, and has been made available for use by JCR members for an experimental period. The SCR (Cripps Court AA2.) has been redecorated and its furnjture has been refurbished. Room FF7 has been refurbished as a guest room. The main dining hall in Cripps Court has suffered from rain-water penetration of the roof for some years, resulting in discoloration where the water runs down the inside walls. This has finally been cracked down to an issue with che original design of the rainwater gutters. The gutter on che south side of the dining hall has been completely reconstructed internally to a new design: no changes are visible from che outside of the building. The new design appears to have stopped che leaking on the south side. The warm-air forced vemilacion unit for the dining hall

The temporary boi!e,¡ house serving DokettBuilding over the summer.

(located in che bi,cycle sheds) has been completely replaced after the original rusted away. The cold water supplies to cl1e main kitchens have been re-organised so that they can be metered for water usage. In the Fitzpatrick Hall, the retractable raked seating, dating from 1988, has been renewed: the new version is much easier to erect and put away. Between Cripps Court and the Grove there is a wall thought to dace from around 1670: it has been repaired where it was in poor condition. Ac Owlstone Croft, there has been an asbestos survey and removal of asbestos insulation from a heating duct running under the ground floor. Ac 73 Maids Causeway, secondary glazing has been fitted throughout, the central hearing boiler replaced, and radiator concrols improved. At 63 Panton Street, we have planning permission co erect a proper pitched roof co replace the current flat felt roof The house originaUy had a pitched roof. and the current Rat roof is thought co have been a temporary repair after damage in the Second World War. At 65 Panton Street, a stone bay window has been repaired. The house at 2.0 E!tisley Avenue, used as cwo flats, has been completely renovated. Ac 35 Eltisley Avenue and 19 Marlowe Road, che lower flat bathrooms have been renovated. Ac the Sporcsground, the groundsman's bungalow has been completely refurbished, re-wired and insulated and central heating has been installed.

Robin Walker.

The Dokett Building This year, 2-012., marks the centenary of the completion of Dokecc Building. When the first President Andrew Dokecc died in 1484, he stipulated chat the College was to maintain his alms-houses, in which poor women were co reside. The alms-houses were then in Small Bridges Street (now Silver Street), on part of che present site ofthe Master's Lodge ofSt Catharine's College. In 1836, Queens' sold this site (comprising che former University Press, former Anatomy School, and Doketc's alms-houses) co St Catharine's College. Eight new replacement alms-houses wei-e built in 1836 ac the north end of Queens' Lane, backing on co what was then che President's second garden, now Friar/ Court. In 1907, che north-most alms-house was sold co King's

College and demolished, perhaps in preparation for their new Webb's Building of 1909. In 1911, the remaining seven alms-houses were demolished to make way for a new College building, and the obligation co Dokecc's will was convened co a,pension charity. Dokett Building, as it became known, was built in 19J2. to the design of Cecil G. Hare (1875- 1932,), architect, who had continued the practice of George F. Bodley (182.7-1907, responsible for the restoration of che former Chapel in 1860, the decoration of che Old Hall 1875 and che building of the new Chapel 1888-91). The contractor was Rattee & Kett, a well-known Cambridge building company, who also_ built Friars' Building in 1886. 1here was a surge of building work


ease of the river, by means of a large and unreliable system of underground hot water pipes. The logic for such a district heating system was driven by the difficulty of delivering fuel (coke, later oil) by road to multiple locations within college. The underground hot wacer pipes would regularly corrode. away and leak, leading to prolonged periods without any heating for the further reaches of the syscem. Once natural gas became established as a boiler fuel, multiple local small boiler locadons were established, and the underground heating pipes disconnected and left to decay. The Dokett boiler-house now serves only Dokett, Friars', and Erasmus buildings: just under 150 residents. The concrete solidity of Dokett Building has long deterred any radical attempt at modernisation, but we now feel that, after 100 years, the time has come. We have plans to introduce showers and toilets to all floors, at the expense of reducing the size of the court-facing rooms and losing a few bedrooms on Q and S. Space does not permit a full en-suite facility for all bedrooms, so there will be some sharing. This project might take about five years, and the first steps were taken in summer 2.ou with the complete scrip-out and re-equipping of the boiler-house with modern boilers, incorporating the latest energy-conservation techniques and providing for increased hoc-water generation. The boilers removed had been in service since 1959, when the Erasmus Building was added to the load. The re-lit took longer than planned, and, for the first few weeks of the Michaelmas Term 2.011, about 100 residents were without cencral heating. Fortunately, it was a mild aucumn! 1l1e next phase of the project, planned for summer 2.012., will be to renovate the roof and repair the chimney-stacks, which are in poor condition. Inside the new roof will be installed ventilation equipment which is a pre-requisite to having showers and toilets on the floors below. This equipment can only be got into the building by dismantling parts of the roof, so it makes sense to renovate the whole roof at the same time. The new roof will incorporate more thermal insulation than ii:s J912. predecessor. The alrerations for showers and toilets are planned in phases over the following three summers. Robin Walker

A photograph ofthe Dokett B11ildingfrom Friars Court, when new.

in Queens' during the period 1909-12,,, perhaps reflecting the energy of the new President of 1906, Dr T.C. Fitzpatrick, and it appears that Cecil Hare was associated with many of these projects, although alas there are few records of this. Tue Doketc Building is of thin red Daneshill brick with Corsham stone dressings and mullioned windows. There are three staircases (QR, S) of four storeys above ground and a basement below. The internal oak panelling was a benefaction of the President, Dr Fitzpatrick. Dokett Building originally provided 2.6 sets (living room facing che court, bedroom facing Queens' Lane) and a Bursary office on staircase S. Over the years. most of the two-room sets have been converted into two single study-bedrooms, the ones facing Queens' Lane being perhaps the smallest rooms in college. Largely unnoticed by passers-by, there is a Statue representing Andrew Dokett in the centre of the building at high level, where it can be appreciated best by residents of St Catharine's College. Dokett Building was notable for two things: it was the first building in College (and surely one of the earliest in Cambridge) to have floor slabs made of reinforced concrete. But it also included much more radical innovations: che first bathrooms in College, and the first inside toilets as built. These innovations had been made possible by the arrival of mains sewerage in College 1896-8. Alas, public taste was not ready for toilets and bathrooms on the staircases, and these shocking new facilities were consigned co the basement, where they have been ever since, as generations of Queens' students have known co their cost. Bathrooms required hot water, and Dokett Building was the first in college to be builc with a boiler-house. At first, this was coke-fired, and the coke was delivered along a tiny, now neglected, alley between Dokett Building and King's College. As ocher buiJdings were built or refurbished, the scope of this boiler-house expanded into space-heating as well as hot water, and, at its zenith from the 1960s to the 1980s, this boiler-house provided almost all heating and hot water for the college

Thefa;ade oftht Dokett Building on QJ,eens' Lane, c. 1pr2.

14


Queens' College Record 20I2

The Porters' Lodge and Round Development Work started in January 2.012. on the construction of a new Porters' Lodge and the redevelopment of the Round. After competitive tendering, the contract was award to Cocksedge Construction and they are now on site. The sensitivity of the sire and the face that the old Lodge was the hub of most of the services for the College requires a careful approach, but we aim to have the new Lodge completed by the end ofSeptember 2.or2.. All of the major design issues have been resolved, save only for the precise derails of rhe landscape scheme for the new Round and the design of the new ornamental Gate and College crests that will decorate the front of the new building. As part of the development, the horse chestnut tree on che river bank in the Round had to be removed, but this turned out to be a blessing as it was hollow and unstable. We will be replacing this with at least one large specimen as part of the landscape project. Meanwhile, the Poree.rs have been relocated to a temporary building at Fisher Gate, and this is now the only access to the College from Silver Street. Necessarily, there is some disruption to the normal pattern of College life, but the Porters report that they are enjoying a more spacious and warm building! So far - fingers crossed - things are going well. The College i_s considering whether the new Court created by the development should have a name and I am sure chat the Director of Developmenc would be happy to receive suggestions! This project would not have been possible at all without the generosity of our members. Thank you. When it is complete, the College wiJJ have not only a clear, defined and unique main entrance, but an area within the College for all to enjoy.

The 'Ro1md' and Pm¡ters'Lodge shortly before 11101-ks started.

It will represent a tangible ex,ample of the commitment of our members - past and present - to the continuing development and growth of the College. Martin Dixon, Chairman ofthe Round Committee.

The Horse Chestnut tree beside the Cam was diseased and had to befelted. Left: Going, .. Middle: Going, .. Right: Gone!


The Libraries While student demands on the War Memorial Library continue co grow, the Library is constrained by its architecture to stay the same size. It is a very pleasant place in many ways, but it is not adequate for the educational needs it is designed to meet. It has insufficient work space, and insufficient shelf space. And in terms of the number of books per student, Queens' is about the lease well provided college in the University. It is hard co seewhat can be done to improve the situation until the Library is allowed co expand, at lease into some neighbouring room, which would alleviate the pressure for a while, and allow rhe development of some of the weaker collections in the humanities. Despite chis, we manage to cope surprisingly well. In face the last year has been remarkable in a number of ways. The first and most important tb"ing to say is that I need to record my thanks, and the College's thanks, co Mrs Karen Begg, who retired as College Librarian in November after eight years, during which time it is not too much co say chat the Library has been transformed (and improved) in almost every aspect. During her time at Queens', we made numerous changes. First, we introduced an electronic security system, with card entry, which has almost completely eliminated book loss, reducing it from about five hundred books per year co single figures. Coupled with the introduction of fines for late return of books, the system has more than paid for the cost of its installation. The library stock itself has been substantially overhauled and reorganised, with reserve srock moved to Owlstone Croft storage; and we have discontinued our subscriptions co most print journals, now chat they are available online. The War Memorial Library office and lobby have been refurbished, some new lighting has been installed, and cataloguing and collection management software introduced. Several subject sections have been entirely reclassified (thanks to the seeding work of our volunteer librarian, Liz Russell) and inhouse indexes developed to aid classification. Thanks co our leadership on the university committee, we have been pioneers in the use of eBooks, a popular innovation and one which continues to grow, and this has taken a little bit of pressure off the shelves in some subjects. Mrs Miriam Leonard studied for her degree in librarianship (her remit now is much wider than it used co be, and her official title is Reader Services Librarian), and recently we have been able co make the welcome addition of Lise Field co the scaff as Library Assistant. In its primary role, the War Memorial Library became much more responsive to student need during the Begg years, and has come to occupy a better integrated and more highprofile position in CoUege life. Building on chis foundation, and developing it further, is one of the priorities of the newCollege Librarian, Dr Tim Eggington, who has joined us from the Whipple Library of the Department of History and Philosophy of Science. He is also keen to help co do something about another priority, this time one that concerns the Old Library- finding the fonds to employ a cataloguer for the five or six years necessary to produce a full and detailed catalogue of its holdings. I've mentioned chis glaring need in previous reports, but it bears repetition. The catalogue from which we work, the 'Horne catalogue', was published in 182,7, the result of pioneering and imaginative cataloguing by Thomas Hartwell

Karen .Begg, the CollegeLibrarian, atherre#rementparty.

Home. It was impressive in 182.7, but it is not adequate to life in 2.012.. Apart from anything else, we don't actually know what we have and what is missing. We don't even have a clear or full or reliable record of what antiquarian books were added to the Old Library afi:er that date. Thanks to the work of volunteers like Paul Harcourt, who has been putting records of some of the rarer books on line, we have taken some tiny seeps towards the demanding modern Marc cataloguing standards, with a handful of books now having proper records. But the great bulk of the work remains co be done. Given the number of serendipitous discoveries chat have been made in the Old Library in the last few years, I'm certain there are many more enraordinary and revealing things to be found, if we can only find the money to make a start on the project. A great deal has been done in the areas we could do something about in the Old Library, though, thanks to the hard work, expertise and enthusiasm ofMrs Begg. During her tenure we achieved full membership of the Cambridge Conservation Consortium, replaced the intruder security system, replaced the fire protection system (and ended the picturesque but risky practice of candlelit dinners in the Munro Room beneath the O.L.), removed asbestos, mould and woodworm, installed blinds on the south windows to minimise light damage to the books, re-organised the display facilities and last year installed a new, purpose-built display case, introduced and extended environmental monitoring and a host of ocher things. The other signal triumph has been the work on the Paci no laudario leaves (see the article in the 2.009 issue of the Record), and our collaboration w'ith the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge and the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles. These miniatures are of the highest importance, and are now on long-term loan to the Fitzwilliam, where they can receive the care and visibility they deserve. They will also be seen in a forthcoming exhibition, Florence at the Dawn ofthe Renaissance: Painting and Illumination 1300-1350, at the Getty Center and subsequently at The Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto. The collaborative work this has emailed has been ground-breaking. ¡

16


Queens' College Record 2or2 Dr Panayatova of the Fitzwilliam has also been working on a C1s manuscript sheet from a Sienese Gradu-al, and Karen Begg has liaised with the Museum on the Cambridge Illuminations cataloguing project, and the Incunabula cataloguing project. All this on top of the normal work in the Old Library involving che production of digital images from books in response co requests from academics, researchers and publishers, attending seminars and conferences on conservation and cataloguing matters, developing an emergency plan, crying to keep occasional film crews within agreed limits of time and activity, worrying about the college archives, overseeing restoration and conservation work, cataloguing the members' archive...che list is almost endless. Itis enough to say that the Old Library is in much better shape now than it has been for a very long time, centuries probably. I'm confident that the new era will continue this rate of improvement. The additional staff hours made it possible for a checklist ofour holdings of literary woi:ks by 20th century alumni to be completed, and an electronic record to be made of the various arcMve and other resources which are currently still housed in the Old Library. (One day, Queens' will find a proper place for them, I hope.) They also allowed Mrs Leonard to cake on more of the day to day management of War Memorial Library acquisitions and circulation (and a work-experience trainee from a local school joined us for cwo weeks in early summer). Lise Field assisted Karen Begg with exhibition and conference provision and we held a very successful conference, which Mrs Begg organised, in September: 'Sharing the Wonder', which brought together more than fifty academics, archivists and librarians from across the UK to consider ways in which professional expertise and special collections themselves can be exploited to improve access. Feedback was very positive, With many delegates caking inspiration from che innovation and collaboration described by speakers. The Old Library received an increased number of visitors again duringche year. Fourteen researchers vis iced, some several times, to study specific works to be described in forthcoming Fitzwilliam Museum publications on illuminated manuscripts and incunabula, and one co study the binding of the College's twelfth-century sealskin-bound psalter. We hoseed some twelve group tours and four exhibitions (including a very successful one put together in record time by Dr Eggington for the Smith Feast, just cwo weeks after his arrival). One exhibition, 'Never the Like', was provided to support the inaugural Arcs Festival arranged by junior members. It was very popular and enabled more students than usual to see inside the Old Library and get an idea of some of its riches. Conservation work, too, has continued, with Consortium visits co clean and assess the condition of each book in the OL. At present rates, the entire library will have been inspected within five years. The Consortium has also continued to refurbish individual items in their Corpus studio, including che fascinating Library Donors' book dating from the 16th century for which KB is also producing a facsimile copy for offsite reference and display. Our membership of the CCC is invaluable as it gives us immediate access to specialist advice in dealing with problems such as the serious mould outbreak

f2!4eens'Lane: The Old Chapel now theLibrary.

discovered in the bookcases in cbe Munro Room. All books and cases have now been cleaned, but modifications have been made co improve air flow a nd temperature and relative humidity are being routinely monitored. The College has still not been able to identify a room which could be used co house and display che Burke Collection of British theatre books, bequeathed to us several years ago. Ic is a wonderful and wide-ranging collection which ought to be available for consultation by undergraduate and graduate students, but is still in score and unavailable. I am hopeful, though, chat a space may become available in the relatively near future. The successful appeal co O ld Members to 'adopt a book' for the War Memorial Library continues to attract a gratifying level ofsupport, and enables us to continue to refresh the shelves and keep our subject holdings up co dace. We are very awai:e of our indebtedness to their generosity, and look forward to its long continual)ce. Gifts of books written by Fellows, alumni and alumnae and ochers associated with Queens' are always welcomed, too, where they can make a useful addition co the Library shelves. Donations have been gracefully received this year from The Revd Dr John Polkinghorne, Professor Diggle, Professor Weber, Dr Patterson, Dr Thompson, Dr Zurcher, Dr Jonathan Dowson, Dr Richard Jennings, Dr Joseph Canning, Peter Smith, Philip Wright, Elizabeth Russell and ochers. Jan Patterson

17


The Chapel The preachers in Chapel on Sunday evenings during 2ou included The Revd Roger Greeves, former Dean of Clare College; The Revd Canon Douglas Holt, Residentiary Canon of Bristol Cathedral; The Rt Revd Lindsay Urwin, O .G.S., Priest Administrator of the Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham and former Bishop of Horsham; The Revd Canon Dr John Polkinghorne, Honorary and Life Fellow and former President of Queens'; The Rt Hon. and Rt Revd Lord Harries of Pencregarch, former Bishop of Oxford; The Very Revd Adrian Dorber, Dean of Lichfield; The Venerable Christine Allsopp, Archdeacon of Nonhampton; The Revd Albert Gayle, Minister of Calderdale Methodist Church; The Very Revd Jonathan Greener, Dean of Wakefield; Dr Laura Biron, Research Fellow; Dr Jon Bryon (1996), OMF Missionary in East Asia; The Rt Revd David Atkinson, former Bishop of Thetford; The Revd Michael French, Representative ofSave the Children' at the United Nations in Geneva; Dr Peter Williams, Warden of Tyndale House, Cambridge; The Revd Dr Brian Hebblethwaite, Life Fellow and former Dean of Chapel; and, of course, the present Dean of Chapel. The preachers at the Commemoration of Benefactors Service in May and the similar Service at the Visit. of the Alumni Association in June were The Revd Alan Morris (1968), Assistant Priest, Holy Angels Church, Hale Barnes, and Ecumenical Officer for the Roman Catholic Diocese of Shrewsbury, and The Revd Simon Tatton-Brown (1967), Vi.car of St Andrew's, Chippenham. The Music and Readings for Passioncide Service in March was well-attended as usual. Au 'Easter Praise' service, -at which the Dean of Chapel spoke briefly, was revived chis year for the beginning of the Easter Term. The Chapel was full with standing room only for the Matriculation Service on 4 October and extra chairs had to be brought in for both the annual Remembrance Day service (the year who matriculated in 1951, as well as Old Q ueensmen from as far back as 1935, returned by invitation in good numbers) and the Advent Carol Service. The Graduate Choir sang again at the Staff Carol Service in mid December and the Dean preached again this year. A Graduation Service on the evening before General Admissions was tried for the 6rst time - the omgoingJCR President, Charlie Bell, preached and the experiment was judged a success. During the Lent Term Lady Eatwell acted as Director of Music, helping out the Organ Scholars in the direction and training of the Choir. The Chapel community is very grateful for her help. In April Dr Silas Wollston was appointed Director of Music and was able to start conducting the Choir from the beginning of the Easter Term. The Choir is going from strength to strength under his ca.re - a report of thei_r activities during the year is to be found elsewhere in the Record. He has instituted a number of changes. His own chamber organ now resides in the ante-chapel and can be moved into Chapel co accompany services where appropriate. He has experimented with moving the Choir into the Eascern-mosc block of pews and he has encouraged a number of small changes to emphasise the increasing professionalism of the Choir. A beautiful leaflet advertising all the music to be performed in Chapel is now produced on a termly basis. He has also been pressing

The Wtttts and Co Altar Frontal in Chapel

for an improvement in the Chapel lighting, especially in the Sanctm~ryto enable choirs or orchestras facing west to see their music properly. Dr Diana Henderson has secured a generous benefaction for this purpose and it is hoped that a new lighting system (entirely replacing the old, rather antique and increasingly cemperamemal lights) will be installed soon. It is hoped that a new boiler will be installed soon coo - there have been major problems yet again with the heating system in Chapel. It breaks down year after year as soon as the weather turns chilly and the patience of both Dr Wollston and Dr Holmes is running very thin. A new Junior Organ Scholar, Nick Morris has arrived to replace Jemima Stephenson. Jemima graduated in the summer and has moved on co an organ-playing pose at Peterborough Cathedral. The Chapel community wish her well in her musical career and would like to express its collective thanks for all the hard work she put in to enhance the Chapel's music. The Choir has now established a regular pattern ofsinging at three services a week in term time (except during the exam period when they only sing on Sundays). The main commitment remains the service on Sunday evening - usually an Evensong, but occasionally (the End of Year service in June and on the Sunday nearest All Saints Day) a Eucharist. At 9.30pm on Monday evenings the Choir sings at a Compline Service, usually led by Dr Fraser Watts with assistance from.Dr Laura Biron and/or Charlie Bell. On Wednesday evenings there is always a choral service of some sort. The traditional cathedralscyle full Choral Evensongs have been mixed with services on a theme ('Love' and 'Peace' in the Lem Term, 'Fear no Evil' in the Michaelmas Term) or Eucharists (Candlemas, Ash Wednesday). One of the Evensongs in the Easter Term was a joint service 18


Queens' College Record 20I2

Bertilla Ng (farmer Organ S~holar} and Jamie Shotton after their wedding in Chapel

with Peterhouse Choir. In the Lent and Michaelmas Term the Choir sang at a Roman Catholic Mass, run by clergy from Fisher House, in Chapel on a Wednesday evening, and in November there was a Choral Vespers service. The Choir also sang at a 'Requiem Sequence Service' on All Souls Day, which .this year conveniently fell on a Wednesday, featuring music by Howells, Schiitz and Tomkins. Regular said Sunday morning communions (with two hymns), weekday morning and evening prayer, and major Saint's Day communions also, of course, are a feature of the term-time Chapel week. 'Informal' Services continue to replace Sunday Evensong on che penultimate Sundays of both Lent and Michaelmas Terms. At this latter service, Tom Hutchings, an Old Queensman training for rhe Anglican ministry at Ridley Hall, spoke this year. The Revd Canon Dr Fraser Warts has continued to serve as Assistant Chaplain, raking responsibility for complines and rhe 'themed' services, as well as the Candlemas Eucharist. Since the stare of the Michaelmas Term, Dr Laura Biron, a Research Fellow of Queens' who is also an ordinand of the Church of England, has officially been 'on placement' at Queens' (she is formally training for the priesthood at Westcott House) and is Lay Assistant Chaplain. She has preached at a Sunday morning service and assisted in the design of some services and also helped with prayers, leading and the distribution of the cup at communions. For some years Queens' Chapel has been crying co forge closer links with the Darwin College community across Silver Street. Darwin, of course, has no chapel and even has a rule that religious meetings may not be held on college premises. It is not uncommon for members of Darwin co find their way to Queens' and we have welcomed several students from across the road over the years as very much part of our Chapel community. This year the connection has been formalised first

by appointing a Darwin research student, Laura Deakin, as an official Darwin Rep. and then by the attachment of a Lay Reader, Mr Roger France, a retired architect and member of Darwin, co Queens' with specific responsibility for encouraging a link and contacting rhe Darwin students. As mentioned above, for several years now Queens' Chapel has been hosting regular Roman Catholic masses run by Fisher House, the Cambridge Roman Catholic Chaplaincy. Early in 2.011 the Dean of Chapel was approached by Fisher House to see ific would be possible to lend the Chapel for their large-scale Sunday morning masses whilst the chapel at Fisher House itself was being refurbished over the summer, our chapel being one of the few in central Cambridge big enough for these services. By moving their services co 11.30, thus ensuring there was no dash with Queens' regular Sunday morning communions, che Catholic Chaplaincy were able to use Queens' every Sunday but one from April through co late September. Fisher House was very grateful for Queens' hospitality and has made a substantial contribution to the Chapel Fund to mark this collaboration. Dr Holmes was also invited co attend the celebratory high mass at Fisher House, presided over by the Archbishop of Westminster, at which the new and beautiful chapel there was formally rededicated. Queens' also played hose over the summer co che wedding of a former St Catharine's student - building works made Caez Chapel unusable throughout the summer. There were eight weddings (including one Blessing Service) in Queens' Chapel during the year. These included the marriage of a former Organ Scholar, Bercilla Ng (2.005), with a former member of che Choir, Dr Jamie Shotton (1999), and also the wedding of our former Assistant Chaplain, Chris Lee (who became the first person in the summer to. graduate from Queens' with the relatively new degree of Bachelor of Theology for Ministry). On All Saints Day the Chapel hosted a splendid Nuptial Mass, which followed a civil ceremony in the President's Lodge, for Dr Amanda Pcrreau-Saussine, one of the Law Fellows at Queens\ and Mr Carlos Ezcurra. The Chapel was packed for this special occasion - Amanda has been extremely unwell for some time. There have also been four Baptism Services in Chapel this year, including a Christening ceremony for Marcus Ridgway - the sixth sibling from the same family to be baptised by Dr Holmes in Queens' Chapel. Mark Jackson succeeded David Webster as Chapel Clerk at Easter and Luke Hawkins cook over from Chris Pod as Sacristan. James Hinks became Chapel Secretary and Karol Jaworski Choir Secretary. Lydia Gayle has been Chief Chapel Marshal. The Chapel congregation continues to be grace.fol to the Housekeeping and Maintenance Teams who keep things going behind che scenes. Dr Holmes continues to cope with all the secretarial work - his word processing skills are improving. Hamish Symington does a great job designing and overseeing rhe production of the termly Chapel cards. Members of the Chapel Choir and congregation from the mid 1990s will be saddened to hear of the death at the age of 36 from a rare type of sarcoma of Mark Jones. Mark, who was a Trinity College student, played the organ for many services at Queens' when Rupert Jordan was che Organ Scholar during 1996 and 1997 and had an important impact on music-making at Queens'. At the cim!! of his death Mark was working as an accountant and had been married for three years.

Jonathan Holmes


The Gardens Perhaps the main feature of 2ou for the College Gardens was the great difficulty experienced in growing grass. Last year Cambridge had only 380 mm of rain, compared with a longterm average of 563 mm (2-2 inches). This makes Cambridge one of the driest places in Western Europe north of the Pyrenees. The lawns also suffered from attacks by cockchafer beetles and from birds digging for the grubs. These problems forced us to re-turf parts of Walnut Tree and Cloister Courts. Subsequent watering restored our lawns to at least respectability. ' Apart from this, the re-roofing of Friars' Building meant that we had co renew its herbaceous border. Likewise, che south-facing bed along the bowling green was dug up and replanted. Our main showpieces were Cloister Court, where the colour red in various shades was very evident, and also che dry, roof-garden between Fisher building and Cripps Hall. Our two elms in the Grove continue ro dominate the Backs. Recently we thought of reducing their height (of almost 45 metres), but were unable co do so, because of the danger of Dutch Elm disease, which is still around. These elms are expected to lase another twenty years, so cuttings have been taken from them. Here we are very graceful to a Member of che College for much help. At the end of March 2012 our Head Gardener, Peter Balaam, retired after being in pose since 1979. During his time at Queens' many things have happened, but Peter has ensured chat our gardens have continuously improved. Their present excellent

The roofgarden in Az~tumn from the top ofAA staircase.

condition, together with that of our trees, owes much to him. Thus, for example, we now have a garden of winter plants, which are at their best from January to April. Also, our much admired roof garden, grown in only a foot of soil, was laid out by Peter. The Grove and its succession of spring bulbs are still as wonderful as ever. We wish him a long and happy retirement. At the time of writing his successor had not been found. A.N. Hayhurst

The never-ending task ofmowing the lawns.

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Queens' College Record 20I2

The Historical Record The First English 'Olimpick' Games The fuse ever English Olimpick Games were held on Kingcombe Plain ( now Dover's Hill) above che Cocswold village ofWescon sub Edge, near Chipping Campden, probably in 1612. They were started by a counccy lawyer named Robert Dover who, in his own words, "enjoyed mirth and jollicy". Robert Dover was born in Norfolk in 1582. and became a student at Queens' College, matriculating in 1595 at the age of thirteen. Some four years after matriculation young Dover appears in the records ofWisbech Casde, where he is described as the servant ofa Catholic priest. At chis time Wisbech Castle was where the authorities confined priests and lay Catholics. As the Dover family was not rich, their son had to earn a living. As a Catholic he could not go into the Church, so instead he became a student at Gray's Inn and trained for the Law. It is perhaps ac Gray's Inn chat Robert Dover may have developed his caste for spores and revels, as these were a traditional part of the Inn's Christmas feasting. ¡ Robert's sister married a Church of England clergyman and moved with him co Saincbury, where he became Rector. Robert joined chem in Saincbury, bought a house and practised law. He won a reputation as a lawyer who tried to settle disputes between people, rather than urging them to go co court. By now he was married co Sibella Sandford, daughter of an Oxford don. Local tradition has it that only a year after moving co Saincbury Robert started his 'Olimpick' Games. Pastoral pageants were common at this time, but Robert organised shepherds and the local gentry to re-enact the ancient Greek games and awarded prizes to the winners. The sports included running, leaping, headstands, fighting, horse events, singlescick, wrestling, jumping in sacks, dancing and even shin-kicking. He constructed a portable wooden structure, known as 'Dover Castle', which fired real cannons and was re-erected each year. The games came to be known as the Olimpicks and were thereby secular, separate from the Church. Surviving poems by Michael Drayton, Ben Jonson, Thomas Randolph, and ochers describe the excitement of che concesc, che good-humoured rivalry, and, above all, the sense of good honest sportsmanship, which Robert Dover engendered. Robert Dover's Olimpick Games ended with the Civil War. He himself died in 1652.. The games have been revived in modern times and are scill held on an annual basis. In its bid for the 2.012. Olympic Games the British Olympic Association made this statement, "An Olympic Games held in London in

imagefomilf31f depicting the Cotswold Games; Robert Dover, farmde,¡ ofthe Games, is on horseback, in theforeground. 2.012. will mark a unique anniversary - it will be exactly 400 years from the moment chat the first stirrings of Britain's O lympic beginnings can be identified". They continued, "In 1612. ... Robert Dover opened the first 'Cotswold Olimpicks', an annual sporting fair chat honoured the ancient Games of Greece ... whatever the eccentric nature of the event, chis was che pre-dawn of rhe Olympic Movement, and the Cotswold Games began the h istorical thread in Britain chat was ultimately co lead to the creation of the modern Olympics."

Kareen Iborne andJonathan Holmes Based on information in "Ibe Fi1'St Ever Olimpick Games" by Celia Haddon (Hodder and Stoughton) andftom the website on the modern games

2.1


'How old is your Tripos?' The establishment of the Tripos system There is sometimes an assumption that the pattern of subjects caught at Cambridge and examined in the Triposes has been more or less fixed since time immemorial. Obviously the occasional new subject like Computer Science or Managernenr Studies appears but there is a feeling that most subjects go back into chemists of antiquity. In fact the only Tripos that really does go back a very long way is the Mathematical Tripos, traditionally started in 1748, though actually that was the year that the lists were first published in the University Calendar - Maths exams at Cambridge are considerably older. Many of tbe Triposes familiar co us coday are less chan a cencury old. Tue Universicy is continually tweaking and refining tbe syllabuses caught and the examinations offered. Subjects appear and disappear, though only once has a whole Tripos subject been discontinued completely when the Agricultural Sciences Tripos was axed in 1971. When did written examinations begin in Cambridge? When did chey replace the old system of oral examinations in the form of'disputations' and 'aces'? The transition was in fact gradual from about 1700 right up to 183~, when che last disputations were held, and reflected above all the changing and evolving curriculum. At the turn of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the curriculum for che Cambridge Bachelor of Arcs degree was still loosely based on the old medieva.l trivium (grammar, rhetoric and logic) and quadrivium (arithmetic, music, geometry and astronomy) - a sort of general liberal arts deg,ree. ln fact the Statutes were very vague on the course of study expected and it is probably going coo far co talk of anything remotely resembling a 'syllabus' - a lot depended on individual tutors and colleges and there was a great deal of freedom of choice about the exact subjects studied. Studencs

still had to prepare for the traditional 'disputations' (essentially debates conducted in front of the whole University on almost any topic within the range of study), however, and therefore could not be too narrow in their studies. They were above all taught to chink and to argue. A student starting his (no her, of course, until 1869) degree course would study the trivium in the form ofvarious Latin texts - Terence and Cicero and Quintillian in particular - and this led into the study of Greek and especially Aristotle. In this way students were introduced to language, literature, poetry, history, techniques of oratory, philosophy and even the rudiments of science. There were no actual prescribed books, however, after 1570, and there would have been much variation in the books accually scudied. The 'disputations' were conducted in Latin, so it was necessary for all serious students to acquire a fluency in that language - hence the famous seventeenth century decree at Queens' chat all conversation in che dining hall must be in Latin! It is reasonably safe to assume that a great deal of Theology would also have been taught, perhaps less formally through College Chapels. The college officers at Queens' for instance, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries included a Censor Theologicus, a Chaplain, a Dean and a Catechist these offices, together with those ofTutor, Superior and Inferior Bursar, Censor Philosophicus and even Vice-President, tended co rotate around the Fellowship on an annual basis. Well into the nineteenth century the huge majority of Cambridge graduates pursued careers in the Church of England. There were no theological colleges then, so a Cambridge education, dominated as it became by mathematics, was still seen by bishops as a suitable grounding for ordination.

j

:l 1 ' ._.,

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I

1he influence ofIsaac Newton - an image ofNewtrm projected on the Senate House during the University's Sooth anniversary celebmtion.

22


Queens' College Record 2or2

:A problem paper in the Senate House; fomA Cambridge Scrap-Book. Cambridg~: lvfacmillan and Co, r859

By the mid seventeenth century the rise of mathematics and science in the modern sense began to dominate che quadrivium part of che curriculum - arithmetic, geometry and astronomy had always been caught, but now they began co loom large and cake up more and more of the latter parts of the course. The lectures of the great Cambridge 'Platonist', John Smith of Queens', in che165os indicate chat Descartes' new mathematical works were being studied. As the eighteenth century dawned mathematics became more and more important and this trend was given an enormous boost by the world-wide fame of Isaac Newton. Mathematics is not easily examined orally, so from as early as about 1700 written tests began to be introduced as an adjunct to che final examinations. In parallel the importance of Latin and of Greek were in decline, and from about 1750 all examinations, oral and written, were conducted in English. By then the 'Senate House Examination', a written series ofpaper.s, the forerunner of the Mathematical Tripos, had become the dominant factor in determining the 'Ordo Senioritatis', the classification of graduating men into an order of merit. Ir was viral to be placed high in the order (fast published in 1499) to stand any chance of a college fellowship. The system had, of course, been open to abuse when the 'Ordo' was determined by a subjective opinion on how well a particular student had done in the 'disputations' - there are many recorded instances of the 'promotion' of favourite pupils by senior members of the University {little is known about how the 'Ordo' was actually arrived at, and the examiners each year and also the Proctors would clearly have had an enormous influence on the position of individuals on the list). Classics continued to be an important pare of che foundation of the BA course, but more and more, through the first half of the eighceench century, Mathematics came to dominate che final examination and was of increasing importance to the more academically high-flying students. Slowly oral and then written eii:ams began co influence the production of che 'Ordo', though formal disputations did continue for many years co come. From the first year of formal printing of che Examination results - 1748 - what became known as the Mathematical Tripos replaced or rather became the 'Ordo Senioricatis' . From 1753 the 'honours' group of more serious srudencs was divided into three classes - Wranglers,

Senior Opcimes and Junior Optimes (in effect firscs, seconds and thirds) - terms used in Pare II of the Mathematical Tripos to this day. The results were published in order of merit and enormous prestige was attached co the Senior Wranglership, the top first. The lowest rankedJunior Optime who bad just scraped an honours pass was traditionally presented with a wooden spoon painted with his college's coac-of-arms on graduation chis is the origin of the phrase 'co win tl1e wooden spoon'. le muse be remembered chat a small number of men in each college would have been studying Medicine, Law or Music independently from che Tripos system for the MB, LLB or MusB degrees. Queens', for instance, always had provision for a medical and a legal fellow. le should be emphasised chat the rise of science and mathematics in University and college teaching was a gradual process as enthusiasm for the subjects spread among the dons and across che colleges. The Tripos arose from the need. to examine these subjects properly and was not the result of any formal university debate. The Mathematical Tripos came de facto and not de jure co be the defining pinnacle of che career of a scholar at Cambridge University. As the years progressed, preparation for the final examinations began co dominate, until the rime came when undergraduates were actually reading Mathematics as we understand it today. According co Elizabeth LeedJ1am-Green in her excellent A Concise History ofthe University of Cambridge (C.U.P. 1996), the term Tripos is derived "From the custom of printing the list ofsuccessful candidates on the reverse of the sheets of verses which had long been circulated on the occasion of the Bachelor's Commencement (or formal graduation) .... Since the author of the verses, an annually selected BA, had originally declaimed chem sitting... on a three-legged stool. Hence he acquired the title of 'Mr Tripos' and his verses were designated 'tripos verses'." For the best part of a century the Mathematical Tripos remained supreme and virtually alone. Everyone with pretensions to serious scholarship, and particularly if they wished co cry for a college fellowship, had co scudy for it. Nor until 1850 was it challenged by any other Tripos. No doubt many, probably most, students who had no pretensions co great scholarship or ambitions for a fellowship continued with what m.ight reasonably be called a 'classical education' along traditional lines well into the nineteenth cencury (for many the social and recreational aspects ofscudent life were far more important chan the academic ones anyway). From 1882 the


Mathematical Tripos was divided into Part I and Parr II. For Wranglers who wished co cake the subject further, a Pare III was introduced - che first lisr appeared in 1883, but this new form of the Tripos was replaced again with new regulations in 1886. Pare I was published in order of merit but those who wished to rake the subject further could proceed co Part Il (if they had obtained honours) che next year. Part II results were published alphabetically within each class. From 1882. also, women figure in the Mathematical Tripos lists, but separately from men this was true of all the Triposes until 1948 when women were incorporated into the main lists. The examiners always gave an indication of where the women would have figured, had they been included in the main list - the first female first (Miss Perin of Girton) was "between 2.0 and 2,1", for instance. Famously Miss P.G. Fawcett of Newnham was rated "above the Senior Wrangler" in 1890. Essentially the modem pattern of a Part I (divided into first, second and third classes, published alphabetically) and a Part II for more able students (now, of course, for everyone) who had sat Part lat the end of their second year (divided into Wranglers, Senior and Junior Optirnes, also published alphabetically) began in 1908. The first two years of the Mathematical T ripos were divided into a Part IA from 1965 and consequentially a Part IB from 1966 - Maths was the first Tripos co split Part I in this way. The last official Senior Wrangler was P.J.Danidl of Trinity who won the distinction in the last 'old regulations' Part I in 1909. Throughout the period 1748-1909 there was incense rivalry between colleges and between individuals for the coveted Senior Wranglership. This rivalry was particularly strong between the two dominant colleges of the period, St John's and Trinity. Despite a late surge by Trinity in che lase decades of the nineteenth century into the 1900s, Sr John's can boast the largest number of Senior Wranglers. Queens' comes in a respectable fourth with nine successes over the 152 years. From 182.4 the Mathematical Tripos was joined by the Classical Tripos. However, until 1850, candidates for honours in Classics had previously co have obtained honours in Mathematics. All the candidates were already holders of the B.A. degree, a state of affairs that continued until 1871, the year in which the requirement that anyone aspiring co the Chancellor's Medal, the most prestigious award in Classics, be already a Senior Optime or Wrangler in Maths was dropped. The class list, bar thirds, was published, as for Machs, in order of merit. New regulations for the Classical Tripos were introduced for 1881. The Tripos was split into a Parr I (from 1881) and a Pare II (from 1882). Lists of successful candidates were no longer printed in order ofmerit, but for Part I all three classes were each divided into three divisions, so one could obtain a 2-3 or a 1-2 or a 3-1, etc. This practice of dividing scudencs effectively into nine classes continued until new regulations were introduced in 1920 and successful candidates were only divided into three classes. From 1881 scarred firsts were introduced into the Classical T ripos. The third Tripos to put in an appearance was the Moral Sciences Tripos in 1851. This was in effect che Philosophy Tripos of today. Until 1860 all candidates had already to have passed an examination for the B.A., so were already graduates. From 1860 ordinary undergraduates could study Moral Sciences for the B.A. degree as Mathematics slowly began to lose its monopoly, though it would seem it was 1870 before a candidate

actually read Moral Sciences as a degree course - until then everyone who took che Tripos was already a graduate. From 1883 names in each class were arranged alphabetically and starred firsts were introduced, and in 1890 the Tripos was split into a Part I and a Part II. From chat date the Part I results were divided into nine divisions as for the Classical Tripos - rather odd as numbers were so small chat whole divisions, even whole classes, often had no-one in them. In 1903, for instance, no firsts were awarded and there were two 2.-1s (including the only woman), a 2-3, two 3-1s and a 3-3. Only in 1907 did new regulations reduce the number of classes and divisions to che more conventional firsts, 2-1s, 2-2.s and thirds for Part I and just the three divisions for Part II (2.-1s and 2.-2.s appeared in Part ll also from 193s). Special note was made of chose who distinguished themselves in Metaphysical and Ethical Philosophy with the History of Modern Philosophy or in Logic or in Psychology. Of equal antiquity with Moral Sciences, the Natural Sciences Tripos first appeared in 1851. Again until 1860 all candidates were required co have passed an examination for the BA and so were graduates. Although new regulations from 1860 allowed the Natural Sciences exam co admit co che degree ofBA, it doesn't look as though any undergraduates actually sa-c the exam until 1869. From 1876 the successful candidates were listed alphabetically, rather than in order of merit, within each class. The results were just divided into firsts, seconds and thirds, even alter a Part I was introduced in 1881 and a Part II in 1882. From 1884 the Part II subject or combination ofsubjects of those who acquired firsts was designated - Part II subjects we are familiar with roday: Borany, Chemistry, Physics, Physiology, Zoology, were joined in 1886 by Geology, in 1888 by Human Anatomy, in 1898 by Comparative Anatomy (lacer joined with Zoology) and in 1910 by Mineralogy (lacer with Petrology, sometimes in combination with Geology). From 1914 the subjects of those in lower classes were also included in the class lists. Pathology and Biochemistry did not appear before 192.5, Pharmacology in 1936, Experimental Psychology and Metallurgy in 1938. Hot on the heels of Mathematics and in parallel with the new Medical Sciences Tripos, Natural Sciences split the Part I course into a Part 1A from 1966 and a Part rB from 1967. The Part II subjects now are Astrophysics, Biochemistry, Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Chemistry, Experimental and Theoretical Physics, Genetics, Geological Sciences, History and Philosophy of Science, Materials Science and Metallurgy, Neuroscience, Pathology, Pharmacology, Physical Sciences, Physiology Development and Neuroscience, Physiology and Psychology, Plane Sciences, Psychology, and Zoology. Medicine has, of course, been studied at Cambridge for centuries. Until the 1980s there was no clinical course available at Cambridge, so medical students studied for che First MB (essentially the basic sciences co a standard roughly that of'/\ level now) and then the Second MB (foundational medical


Q}teens' College Record 2or2 early days. The first man to read Chinese was W.H.Hudspeth of Queens' who appears in the first class of the 1920 Pare II list, though no one else offered Chinese until 1926. Japanese first appeared in 1948. Pali, n Tibetan, Old Iranian, .A '1~0&. Egyptology, Urdu, Assyriology, Akkadian and Turkish were introduced over the years. In 1958 the Tripos changed its name co rhe Oriental Studies Tripos. The almost bewildering variety of subjects continued - in 1967 the 17 candidates in Pare II were studying in eight completely different fields. The Tripos was renamed che Asian and Middle Eastern Studies Tripos in 2008. A Medieval and Modem Languages Tripos was added from 1886 (Modern and Medieval from 1918). Both firsts in the first class list were attained by women (still in a separate class list from the men) and the Tripos was much more popular amongst women than men for a number of years. The only foreign languages offered in these early days were French and German successful candidates were divided just into three classes. Russian was added for candidates in 1910, Italian and Spanish from 19u. Serbian, Dutch, Kikuyu (briefly), Portuguese and Swedish were added shortly after the First World War. Over che years Polish, Norwegian, Modern Greek, Danish, Czech, Hungarian and Afrikaans have been taught (though Afrikaans appears only once in the lists and then with no successful candidates!). The lase Tripos dating back to the Nineteenth Century is the Mechanical Sciences Tripos (renamed the Engineering Tripos in 1970), which began in 1894. From the scare this was divided into a Part I and a Part II. It was possible to transfer into Mechanical Sciences Pare II after a Part I in Natural Sciences or in Mathematics. The class lists were divided into three classes and were published alphabetically from the scare. Marks of distinction in the Theory of Structures or Heat Engines and Dynamics of Machines or in Electricity and Magnetism were noted from the first Part II in 1897. The number of candidates attempting Part II was very small and under new regulations, introduced in 1908, Parts I and II stopped and there was a single Tripos exam (Parts I and II did not reappear until 1946). In 1905 the Economics Tripos was added to the range of subjects offered at Cambridge to candidates for honours. A Part I and a Pare II were introduced with the second class divided into two divisions. Numbers were small initially but began to pick up towards the end of the first decade of the Twentieth Century. Two of che first three firsrs were awarded to women. The cataclysm of the First World War marks a suitable break in any history of the Triposes. There were still many students who had no pretensions to 'Honours' and who therefore came to the University to read for an 'Ordinary' degree, bur after 1918 the number of such students dwindled rapidly. Before and after World War I something closely resembling the modern Tripos system became established. However, in 1914, only n subjects were on offer - Mathematics, Classics, Moral Sciences, Natural Sciences, Theology, Law, History, Oriental Languages, Modern

science subjects such as anatomy, physiology and pathology essential for the understanding of clinical medicine). These 2.nd MB subjects were available within the Natural Sciences Tripos and many medics read NST before going elsewhere (usually one of the London hospitals) for their clinical training, though ofi:en returning to Cambridge co rake the Final MB examination. A 1heologicalE:xaminationfor'Middle' and 'Commencing' Bachelors, classed into three classes like a Tripos, was introduced in 1856. Out of this grew the Theological Tripos, first held in 1874. From the start the names in each class were just published in alphabetical order. New regulations introduced a Part I and a Part II from 1884. The three classes remained undivided into divisions. From' 1884 candidates for Part II could specialise in Old or New Testament, Chmch History, Dogmatics or Philosophy of Religion and were so designated in the class lists. Starred firsts also date from this revision of the Tripos. The Theological Tripos was, of course, che forerunner of the presentday Theological and Religious Studies Tripos. Law has a Jong and distinguished history in Cambridge. Potential lawyers might study not for the BA but for the Bachelor ofLaw (LLB) degree. Written examinations in Civil Law for the LLB were introduced in 1815 and the results published divided into three classes. A Law Tripos was introduced in 1858, still, however, an examination admitting to the degree of LLB. All the candidates up to 1870 were graduates, so studencs studied for the Law Tripos after a BA. A Law and History Tripos began in 1870 - successful candidates could opt for either the degree of BA or for the LLB. From 1875 the Law Tripos by itself was re-introduced - again candidates could ope for a BA or an LLB. but from 1878 they were admitted to both degrees. The results were published in order of merit within three classes. The first woman to read law was F.L. Green of Newnham who was classed "between first and second" in the 'old regulations' Tripos of 1889. A Part I began in 1889 and thus a Part II in 1890 and candidates aspiring to a degree had to pass both Parts. Part II results continued to be published in order of merit until 1922, long after all the ocher Triposes had ceased that practice. Though the list for women was still separate, those in the first class still knew where they were placed - for instance Miss L.F. Nectlefold ofNewnham was the only female first (indeed the only female candidate) in Part I Law on the list in 1912, and she is designated "between 1 and 1" in the order. On the break-up of the Law and History Tripos, a new Historical Tripos began from 1875. Results, divided into three classes, were published in order of merit until 1889 and stars were used to denote especially distinguished performances. The Tripos was divided into a Part I and Part II from 1899. Second class results in Part I were divided into 1-1s and 2-2.s from 19u and in Part Ir° from 1912. There was a brief period 1923-31 when .firsts in History were divided into 1-,s and 1-2s Otherwise the Historical Tripos has continued more or less unchanged in its basic structure to the present day. The next subject on the Tripos scene was the Semitic Languages Tripos, which started in 1878. Interestingly, in the first six years of the examinations, six of the nine candidates were from Queens'. The results were divided into three classes. Semitic Languages was joined by an Indian Languages Tripos in 1879. From 1895., however, both these subjects were subsumed into a new Oriental Languages Tripos. Hebrew, Aramaic, Persian, Sanskrit, and Arabic were all studied in these

~Jo~

15


Languages, Mechanical Sciences and Economics. In that fateful summer of 1914, 870 men and 165 women were classed in the Tripos examinations. By far the most popular subject was the Historical Tripos with 193 men and 37 women. 181 men and 16 women were reading Natural Sciences, 149 men and 30 women Mathematics and 100 men and 24 women Classics. There were 92 Lawyers (only 2 of them women), 74 modern linguists (3-7 - half - women), 46 economists, 43 mechanical scientists (no women), 32 theologians (again, no women), rs moral scientists and 3 oriental linguists. To get an idea of the proportion of undergraduates who actually sat Tripos examinations, only 41 Queensmen appear in the 1914 Tripos liscs, though the cotal number of men in residence would have been about 200 (bearing in mind that at least a third of the serious 'honours' men would not have had exams in any one year). The period of the First World War itself was a terrible time for the University. Numbers of men (but not so much, of course, of women) reading for the Tripos fell drastically. Only one person sat the 1917 Mechanical Sciences Tripos. The same was true of Pa.rt II Theology in 1917 and 1918 and the 1915 and 1917 Oriental Languages Tripos and there was no class list in that subject at all in 19r6. Nobody at all sat Pare I or Part II Moral Sciences in 1919. Part I Law was reduced to only four candidates (who were all awarded thirds) in 1917. Similarly Natural Sciences Part II was down to four in chat same year, three of them women. The next few years would see the establishment of Triposes in Arch aeology and Anthropology (1915, buc first class list 1921), English (1919) and Geography(1920). The period between the wars was a seeded one with the 14 Triposes flourishing and no new subjects introduced after 1921. The modern pattern of a two-year Part I and -a third year Pan Il (or for a few Triposes a one-year Part I and a two-year Pare II) was more or less established in the majority of subjects, although it remained possible until well after the .Second World War co obtain an honours degree with only a Part I. If che lack of diversity strikes

us as surprising, it should be noted that the University offered a wide range of Diploma courses as well. Io the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s, for instance, Diplomas were offered in Agricukure, Agricultural Science, Anthropology, Architecture, Classical Archaeology, Comparative Legal Studies, Coal Mining, Economics, Education, Estate Management, Forestry, General Archaeology, Geography, Horticulture, Hygiene, Internacional Law, Mathematical Statistics, Medical Radiology and Electrology (sic), Oriental Languages, Prehistoric Archaeology, Psychological Medicine, Public Health, and Tropical Medicine a\ld Hygiene. The list is perhaps mildly reminiscent of che present proliferation of M.Phil subjects, which from their introduction in 1978 have slowly replaced most of the surviving Diploma Courses. Many subjects with which we are familiar today were not introduced until after the Second World War. The Music Tripos daces from 1948, Chemical Engineering from 1950 and AngloSaxon (Norse and Celtic were added lacer) from 1958. A formal Architecture and Fine Arts Tripos did not begin w1til 1961 (split into Architecture and H istory of Art in 1971). Electrical Sciences (later Electrical and Information Sciences) began in 1963, the shore-lived Agricultural Tripos in 1964, Land Economy in 1965 and Medical Sciences in 1966 (Medical and Veterinary Sciences from 1992, chough there had been vets reading che Nacural or Medical Sciences Tripos since 1949). The early 1970s saw che appearance of Social and Political Sciences (now Policies, Psychology and Sociology, shortly co be combined with che Archaeology and Anthropology Tripos and replaced by two new Triposes - a Human, Social and Political Sciences Tripos and a Psychological and Behavioural Sciences Tripos) and Computer Science. In 1980 both the Education Tripos and the Production Engineering Tripos (later Manufacturing Engineering) began and in 1987 it was the turn ofManagement Studies. The latest addition to che list, the first new Tripos of the twenty-first century, has been Linguistics.

Jonathan Holmes

Qf,eens' College Freshmen 1920, cour-tesy Dr Chades Gibbons, grandson ofDr Philip Brookes (right,:font roUJ), 1/iho survived being shot in rhe cheston the Somme.


Queens' College Record 2or2

The Revd John Price, 'The Solitary of Llanbedr' young lady - her letters were his most treasured possession so perhaps he wanted to retreat to a remote place to nurse his broken heart. At first he lodged in a small cottage, bur then moved to what can only be described as a croft. Even this tiny dwelling had to be quitted when a tenant for the farm was found. He had made up his mind chat he could not countenance being an absentee vicar or leaving che area again without a resident clergyman but nowhere for him to live or lodge could be found. There were no funds to build a vicarage house, so, with typical ingenuity, Price purchased three old bathing machines (probably from Aberystwyth) which he installed on the top of a hill on some common land about a mile from the church. One served as his kitchen, the second as his study and the third as his bedroom. Price was perfectly happy with his cramped quarters (which he christened 'The Hues') - they were entirely sufficient for his needs. His church services were scantily attended. Few children would come co Sunday classes, but, undeterred, Price set about visiting widely in his parish. Ar first he was coldly received by most, but in time "his simple life, his guileless character and loving nature... won cheir respect, if not their love". He persuaded many co let him stay for meals and always paid 1s 6d for any dinner, however simple the fare had been, and 6d for tea. In time the only meal he had to prepare in the kitchen pare ofThe Huts was a frugal breakfast. The occasional vagrant, attracted by his friendliness, sympathy and generosity, made his or her way to the rather unconventional 'vicarage'. "In his lonely home on the hilltop he ... often thought of their spiritual destitution with a heavy heart." After prayer, he decided co start a special Sunday morning service for tramps in the church. He started with three or four he knew well and gradually word spread and che 'Tramps Service' became a fixture. As an incentive to come to church and as a compensation for leaving the more profitable main roads, each attendee was given sixpence of Price's own money. A local farmer offered a. barn to ace as a dormitory for those who wished to stay overnight on the Saturday or Sunday. News of the service spread and vagrants attracted by the novelty, perhaps couched by the sympathy and good intentions of the hermit priest, and certainly interested in the silver coin, began to come in larger and larger numbers, even in the depths of winter. Price would sic and listen co their stories with a sympathetic ear and provide support where he could. He was moreover so concerned about the effect of the damp and cold church on these vulnerable people, in often soaking wee clothing, chat he bought some portable oil stoves for each pew. The cramps often begged potatoes, eggs and bacon from local farmsteads and then cooked them on the stoves during the sermon. Sometimes Price joined them in the barn for the hoc meal after the service. The service became so popular chat Price, himself unable to afford decent cloches ("his clothing far more faded and ragged than those of his congregation") or footwear ("his toes and heels showing"), had to reduce che incentive co four pence. A meeting of the tramps in the churchyard voced co accept the reduction but later would nor countenance a further suggested drop co three pence. "So the poor old vicar had still more co

In every generation, institutions such as Queens' throw up a few eccentrics. If rejection of, or rather perhaps indifference to, the comforts of modern life, including money and possessions, can be regarded as an eccentricity, then John Price (Queens' 1829), for 36 years Vicar ofLlanbedr-Painscastle in Radnorshire, was the doyen of them all. He actually acquired the sobriquet of 'The Solitary of Llanbedr1 from the Revd Francis Kilverc. Kilvert recounts a visit, in company with the Revd Thomas Williams, to Mr Price's "cabin" in Cwm Ceilio on 3 July 1872. Kilvert's description of the route is so good chat it is possible even now co find the site of Price's hut, though no physical trace ofit remains. leis because of the mention in the famous Kilverts Diary that interest in Price has been sustained. The Kilvert Society has reprinted an account of the life of John Price written for a church magazine by the Revd David Edmondes-Owen only 12 years after Price's death. This arcicle is largely based on rhis memoire (quotadons are all from Edmondes-Owen's article in 1he Treasury ofJuly 1907). The entry in Venn and Venn's Alumni Cantabrigienses merely states chat John Price was 'Of Wales', but che censuses reveal that he was born in Llangatock, near Llandeilo in Carmarthenshire, about 1808. He matriculated in the Michaelmas Term 1829, graduated BA in 1833 and MA in 1843. His career seems co have been, co scare with, a fairly conventional one for che period. He was ordained deacon in the Diocese of Peterborough and was priested a year lacer. He was Curate of Abthorpe, ne;ir Towcester in Northamptonshire 1834-39, then of Astley with Stockingford, on the edge of Nuneaton in Warwickshire 1839-44, then of Hutton Roof in the Lake District 1844-47 ;ind Epwell, near Banbury in Oxfordshire 1847-49. He then spent seven years as Chaplain to Boxmoor Infirmary in Hertfordshire, before three years as Curate of Gorton, Manchester. Then in 1859, by now in his fifi:ies, he moved back to Wales as Vicar (the census actually describes him as Perpetual Curate) of Llanbedr-Painscastle, two small hamlets in the hills between Hay-on-Wye and Builth Wells. One might imagine after so many curacies that Price was keen to gain a living of his own, but in face the benefice was a deeply unpromising one, so unpromising in fact that it had been vacant for seven years. Price's application was accepted with alacrity. Firstly the villages were in a remote, hilly and sparsely populated area of small farms. Painscascle is centred on the remains (consisting by 1859 of nothing more than a grassy mound and moat) of a thirteenth century castle of the de Braose family on what is now the B4594, well off the main Hay to ¡Builth road, accessible in the nineteenth century only via "narrow, steep and tortuous" roads. Secondly, the income of the living was so low that even Price could only afford to go there because he had a small private income of his own, even though his personal needs were very few. Thirdly most of the potential parishioners were 'chapel' rather than 'church' people, so unlikely to support him in his ministry. Finally, the.re was no vicarage. Even the oldest inhabitant could not remember a resident vicar. The small church of St Peter stands at some distance from Painscasrle "in a bleak and exposed position". There is a suggestion of unrequited love. John Price had at some stage been turned down by a 2,7


The site ofJohn Price's Last home - ju.st beyond the big.field in the middle ofthe pictu.re, rmder the cliff

deny himself the necessaries of life to keep the service going". He was particulady distressed by che number of tramp couples who had not bothered to marry in order to save the fees. Price felt the Church should not demand such fees from the poor and announced therefore that he would waive the marriage charge for these individuals and marry them for free. Moreover he promised to give each couple five shillings to help set them up in life. Sadly a few exploited his generosity - it is said chat one couple were married by him five times under different names failing eyesight prevented him from recognising them. John Price had been a classics scholar and he regularly and systematically read the New Testament in Greek. He always impressed at clerical gatherings with his scholarship and learning. In his spare time he invented three different systems of shorthand. These were published to his great satisfaction, but at his own expense, in Hereford. He wrote all his sermons in shorthand. However, the third of these systems was so improved and different from the other two chat on occasion when he decided to revisit an old sermon, he found whilst preaching that he could no longer decipher the older, discarded shorthand and could not properly read what he had written. "Indeed, he never shone as a preacher, and it is no wonder the crampswhiled away the sermon time by cooking their meals". Occasionally he gave a shorter, extempore talk, however, and these "invariably commanded a hearing". He was famous for quaint and simple sayings. During his incumbency the church was thoroughly restored, the money corning from a local wealthy landowner. Cosdy vessels, vases and altar frontals were donated by a clergyman's widow. He and the churchwardens were in a dilemma, however, about what to do with the old Tudor chalice and patten, now redundant. He determined they

would be best given into the safekeeping of the wealthy and generous landowner. He walked 12 miles to hand chem to the butler with a note of explanation and then walked all the way back home. He had no thought co his own comfort. He was once visiting a fellow clergyman and fell asleep in a chair while his friend was reading to him. On waking, he apologised and blamed the unaccusto¡med luxury of so comfortable a chair. The friend insisted on the spot on giving it to him. "His delight in receiving such a gift was very genuine. For the rest of the evening, like a child with a new toy, he scanned and scrutinised the chair with evident pride and delight." The friend was disconcerted che next morning to find chat Price, despite his advancing years, had risen at 4 .00 a.m., eaten a quick breakfast and departed on foot, carrying the chair for many miles on his head, rather than inconvenience a man the friend had promised co gee ro carry it for him. Slowly but surely his parishioners grew very fond of chis straightforward, almost saintly, old man, even if their feelings about him "mingled ... piry and respect". He supplemented his diet with a small vegetable garden but lived extremely frugally and simply at The Huts. He once asked a farmer to find him a dead rook. The farmer offered ro shoot one for him but Price was horrified - he did not wish the birds any harm, he merely wished to measure the length of the beak of a dead bird so he could plant his seed potatoes a little deeper so the rooks wouldn't eat them. He was held in the highest regard by his fellow clergy. "It was quite a common saying among chem that, 'If poor old Price had lived a few centuries back he would most certainly have been canonised'". He would often pass the time by taking our the little package ofletter:s from his losdove (apparently "a young lady of position, beauty and talents" who had rejected him in favour of another suitor) and rereading them. His love 1.8


Queens' College Record 2or2 did not cool and apparently he continued to pray for her and treasure che memories of their time together. Unfortunately a tramp broke into his home one day, searching for money, and made off with the package, thinking it contained something of value. On discovering there was nothing to help or interest him, he tore up the letters in anger and scattered them all over the hill. Price was very distressed on finding the package missing, but eventually someone told him of bits of paper blowing about on a hillside and he spent weeks hunting out every last fragment stuck in the bracken and furze until he was able to piece all the letters together again. He did not enjoy his restored treasure for long, for, soon after, he returned home one day to find 'The Huts' completely burnt down and all his meagre possessions destroyed. He moved then to a "lonely hovel belonging to one of the hill farms". It had been the farm hen-house. The poultry were evicted and he took up residence in the new 'Vicarage', living there for many years until he died. One day in 1895, the friend who had given him the chair called at the Little white-washed hovel to visit the now 86 year old recluse and found him "pale and thin and broken·, though Price did not seem to be aware of his failing health. The friend returned the next day with a doctor who insisted on taking him to Talgarth, about 12. miles away, to rest. Very comfortable and clean lodgings were found and the doctor prescribed a hot bath. It became obvious chat Price had had to live at Painscastle for years without such a luxury "and chat he had not even changed his flannels for many years". These were prized from his skin with some difficulty and the old, exhausted man was put to bed "beaming benedictions on all for their great kindness to him, and wondering what he had done in his life to merit such attention·. He fell into a deep sleep and never woke up. The Revd David Edmondes-Owen concludes his mernoire, "If to live the simplest of lives in an age ofluxury; if to give one's all to the poor in an age of scramble for wealth; if, at the call of duty, to live in a hut on a barren hillside when even farm labourers found country life coo dull and were pouring into the towns in search of pleasure; if to see nothing but the good in others when jealousy and slander

John Price's graw in Llanbedr Churchyard.

were rampant; if to be filled with the charity that thinketh no evil in an age of religious strife and bitterness - if all these spell weakness, then he was indeed weak. But if they are to be ranked as Christian virtues.John Price of Painscastle will long be remembered as a great spiritual hero."

Jonathan Holmes, with gratitude to the Kiivert Society far providing much ofthe information.

Andrew Munro, Mathematics teacher and benefactor For many years a number of our most outstanding Queens' research students have benefiued from Munro Studentships. These are normally nowadays offered to students in the final year of their PhD who also teach for the College. Benefits include College accommodation, usually at greatly subsidised rates, and High Table d_iningrights. A Munro Studentship has traditionally been seen as the first step on the road to a Research Fellowship and a possible academic career. But who was Munro? Andrew Munro died in 1935 after 42 years as a Fellow of Queens'. He left the College a legacy to endow a studentship "for advanced study or research". Support for graduate students was rare in those days - PhDs had only been introduced in the University in 1919 and money for such students was very scarce. For someone with the reputation of a conservative (he was described in his obituary as "a Conservative of the right Cambridge breed" and apparently "used to admit, half in jest but also half in earnest, that he always voted against any change") this was a remarkably far-sighted gesture. His bequest

was described at the time (The Record, 193s) as "the most generous bequest in all the College's history". He left "£15,000 forthwith, with the hope expressed that this sum would be devoted to the provision ofScholarships for Mathematics or the Physical Sciences." The Record continues, "The College is also residual legatee under Mr Munro'swill ofa sum approximaring co £30,000, and of a yet further sum of £15,000. Mr Munro also lefi: the whole contents of his library to the College, representing a most valuable collection of works that will prove of great utility, especially to the mathematical students". It was this 'residual' bequest, some of which came to the College afi:er the death of Mr Munro's brothers, W Ross Munro and John S Munro (like their father, both bankers), a few years lacer, chat formed the nucleus of the Fund that supports our students today. £60,000 (Venn and Venn, Alumni Cantabrigi.enses, mention a figure of £70,000) was, of course, a very great deal of money in 193s - the Fund has been wisely invested and the income still supports between 2. and 4 Munro Students each


Wallace, became a novelise) and steered the College through financially difficult times. It was on his advice chat, after the Great War, the College sold most of its farms and invested in ¡ Government stocks. The reserves which he built up enabled the College to expand in terms of both student numbers and buildings (the building of Fisher and the adaption of the old Fitzpatrick Hall for the JCR were started before he died). His obituarist in Ihe Dial (A.B.Cook) attributed his successes as Bursar to a combination of financial acumen running in his veins (from his banking forbears), a distinct talent for maths and "an ultra-Scottish attitude of caution and reserve". He was at Queens' during six successive Presidencies: Phillips, Campion, Ryle, Chase, Fitzpatrick and Venn and it is said that he served them with "an almost feudal fealty". He had a great rapporc with the College servants, especially his fellow Highlander, the Head Porter, Bremner. He also did two stints as Proctor of the University (Junior Proctor 1906-07 and 1916-17 and Senior Proctor 1915-16). This latter two-year period of office in the midst of the First World War came, of course, at a particularly difficult and traumatic period for the University. He regarded it as part of his duties co support undergraduates in all their pursuits and was often co be found at the football field o.r on the row path. He was above all loyal co his friends, both individually and collectively, and devoted his life to Queens', always showing courtesy and consideration and, if needed, care to chose around him He had a remarkable memory for the faces and achievements, athletic and otherwise, of the students. There is, ofcourse, another tangible memorial of him in College - the Munro Room in Old Court. In it there hangs a portrait of the benefactor - rather a staid, solid, moustachioed figure. He remained unmarried, but one undergraduate of the time recalled chat "In term time he was a celibate bachelor, but in the vacations he had lady friends in Paris" - perhaps an undergraduate rumour, but maybe che stolid image concealed hidden depths. He was [)ever in robust health (and was something of a hypochondriac) and favourite pastimes - travel (he famously accompanied Dr and Mrs Fitzpatrick on a 'grand tour' to the Riviera, Naples, Constantinople, Syria, Palestine and Egypt and later Dr and Mrs Venn to Scandinavia, Spain and Morocco), golf (he was a member of the Lossiemouth Golf Club, staying nearby at a cousin's house every summer), motoring, visiting the Highlands - were one by one abandoned. While his strength held, he devoted himself to his duties in College and to the support and teaching of the undergraduates. In March 1935 he retired co a favourite haunt, Sheringham in Norfolk, in the hope of some recuperation, but died there on 1st July, five days short of his sixty-sixth birthday. Perhaps we should leave the lase words to A.B.Cook: "Bue if he cared for individuals much, he cared for the College mote. Not only our prestige in the Senate House and our triumphs in the Tripos, but our place in the Leagues, our position on the River, our chances at Henley all meant much -co him. And realising, as he did, that the College had suffered in the past from lack of wealthy benefactors, he set himself with silent determination, through long years of abstemious self.denial, to make good that defect and was able to bequeath to us and to those who shall come after us the most munificent endowments chat Queens' has ever received". Jonathan Holmes

year as we!J as contributing substantially to the scholarships and prizes fund and other College purposes. Generations of research students, in particular, have benefitted from, and been grateful for, his loyalty and generosity to the Co!Jege. Andrew Munro was a Scotsman, born on 6th July 1869 at Invergordon, Rossshii:e. He was sent to the Royal Academy at Tain then Andrew Mum¡o, fi¡om 1he Dial 1935. to the Chanonry School in Old Aberdeen and finally, following an inspirational teacher, to the New Grammar School in Aberdeen. From 1886 till 1890 he was a student at Aberdeen University, where he took his M.A. It was not uncommon for promising Scots mathematicians to further their education by taking the Cambridge Mathematical Tripos after their first degree and Andrew Munro duly won a Scholarship in open competition and came up to Queens' in 1890. He was Fourth Wrangler in the Mathematical Tripos (i.e. the fourth best first) in 1892.. He continued with Parr II of che Mathematical Tripos (the equivalent then of Part III or che present MMach course), obtained a first in 1893 and was immediately elected a Fellow. In 1909 debate raged in the University about abolishing the custom of publishing the results of the Mathematical Tripos in order of merit. Great prestige was associated with becoming Senior Wrangler, cop of the list, but conversely the effort to obtain this prize put enormous strain on high-flying students and the cost to the mental and physical health of many candidates was very great. True to his conservative instincts and suspicion of change; Andrew Munro campaigned vigorously to "save the Senior Wrangler" in the Senate House debates but his efforts were unsuccessful! He was a Fellow until the day he died, serving the College as Bursar, Steward and from 1931 Vice-President. For the first 2.0 years of his Fellowship he concentrated on his duties as College Lecturer, Director of Studies and Supervisor in Mathematics, working closely with his friend, the Senior Mathematical Lecture~ and Senior Bursar, William Momgomery Coates (they saw eye to eye even on the Senior Wrangler issue). He made no original contributions to mathematics, seeing it as his primary duty as a College Teaching Officer to teach, b~t left lecture notes on a wide variety of subjects, all minutely indexed. He had an extensive library ofall the latest machs books. He tended towards Applied Mathematics, but did a lot of work in Geometry. His successor as Mathematics Lecturer, E.A.Maxwell, commented, "Pupils will remember his curious faculty, when presented with a problem new to him, of writing down seemingly irrelevant symbols, and suddenly (but almost infallibly) producing the answer". His nature was essentially kind and sympathetic, but his view of pupils' abilities was moderated by an instinctive prudence, "which prevented him from fostering undue hopes even in his most promising scholars". When Coates died in 1912. Munro 'inherited' the post of Senior Bursar (as well as the guardianship of Coates' children - Coates' son, Basil, who matriculated at Queens' in 1912,, was sadly killed in action in the First World War, his daughter, Mrs 30


Queens' College Record 20I2

Walter Robins, England Test Cricketer 1929-37 undergraduates were away driving trains and buses, etc. A more extensive article in The Dial describes Robins as a "modest hero", "unobtrusive", "so shy was he that in his first term he was hardly known by sight to most people in College, exeept perhaps co chose freshers that lived near him, and co che small select band of constant chapel-goers''. A Football Blue and a Cricket Blue in the first year was a far from modest achievement, however, and he was clearly a considerable figure among the sporting fraternity. It was said of him, "So numerous are his many clubs that he can easily do a week without wearing the same tie twice, but while pride of place goes co the Quidnuncs, 'Corinth' is well up for second place". One intriguing comment in the article requires further explanation. "Everyone in College muse be familiar with his ringing tenor voice, so often raised in praise of his favourite flower, the rulip". Dr Ian Patterson very plausibly thinks this is a reference to a popular song of the time, "Two lips". Clearly at Queens' he was known as 'Robbie', but no-one seems to have used the nickname later. He spent every Easter Vacation at the Aubrey Faulkner indoor cricket school at Waltham Green and there dramatically improved his bowling style. According to Colin Weir's book, lhe History of Cambridge University Association Football Club (Cromwell Press, 2.004), he played in the Varsity Match for all three years of his residence, captaining the University side in the 1927/2.8 season. .He was a winger, but as captain "allowed himself a roving commission". He went on to play regularly for the famous amaceu,r team Corinthians and also in league football for Nottingham Forest. He played for Corinthians right up till 1939. During the War he was posted co Canada with the R.A.F. and was responsible for the physical training of fighter pilots. After Cambridge (he is nor to be found in any of the Tripos lists and did not take a degree) he played cricket regularly for Middlesex (though he made his first appearances for the County whilst still a schoolboy at Highgate and, as we have noted, played for chem whilst he was an undergraduate). In 192.9 he achieved the• double' - over 1000 runs and 100 wickets in a season. He played in 2.58 first-class matches for the Coumy, caking 669 wickets at an average of 22.2.8 and scoring over 13,000 first-class runs in a career chat lasted into the 1950s. He was one of Wisden's 'Cricketers of the Year' in 1930 and captained Middlesex 1935-38, 1946-47 and in 1950. In 1947 he led Middlesex to the County Championship. According to Wikipedia, "He was an adventurous captain who was prepared to cake risks in order to gain a positive result". He played several times for the 'Gentlemen' against the 'Players', gaining his place initially in 1928 on the back of his performance in the Varsity Match. He retired from Middlesex in 1950 but captained the M.C.C. touring team in Canada in 1951 and managed the M.C.C. team in the Wesdndies 1959-60. From 1930-1933 he was employed by Sir Julian Cahn, the millionaire furniture manufacturer, who ran his own cricket team. Robins played for SirJohn's team, couring Argentina in 1930 and North America in 1931. It was probably because of his commitments co Cahn that he did not go on the notorious 'Bodyline' tour of Australia in 1932./33, though he had been selected.

Over the years many Queensmen have played cricket for the University and a nwnber have gone on to play in the first class game, but it would seem only one Member of the College has ever played for England. Robert Walter Vivian Robins , came up in 192.5 and lefi: in 192.8 with three Cricket and three Football Blues to his name but no degree. He was first called up to play for England JÂźlter Robim, 'Man qfMm-k; only a year after going down .from The DiJtl I927. from Cambridge, making his debut against South Africa at Lord's in 192.9. In all he played in 19 Test Matches and was Caprain of England for the home Test Series against New Zealand in 1937 (these were his last three Test matches - England won 1-0). He was succeeded as Captain by Wally Hammond. He was an all rounder, scoring 612. runs for England (average 26.60) as a right-handed batsman, and caking 64 wickets (average 27.46) as a usefulle_g-break bowler. He scored one century (108 against South Africa ac Old Trafford in 1935) and took five wickets in a Test innings once ( 6 for 32. against the West Indies at Lord's ~n 1933). Walter Robins came originally from Stafford but attended Highgate School in London. He showed great sporting promise as a schoolboy where, according co The Dial, "his achievements were legion, in the cricket XI, the soccer XI and che fives team". He headed both batting and bowling averages in three out of his last four years at the school. He came up to Queens' in 192.5. The Dial of che period mentions him several times, mostly in che context of spore. Clearly his duties as a member of both the University Football and Cricket Teams took him out of college sport most of the time. However, he did play football for Queens' and was Captain 192.6-27. As foe cricket, one of The Dials says of his first year, "Did not play many times for the College. A brilliant forcing bat, but apt to throw his wicket away. Very fast in the field". And from his second year at Queens', "On the rare occasions when Robins could play (he appeared in four matches; scoring three centuries and a fifty) we were well up co standard". He initially played for the University more as a batsman than a bowler, but in the 192.8 Varsity Match, he not only scored 53 and 101 not out, but cook 8 wickets for 151 runs. An interesting anecdote has come to light about the period when he made his debut for the University. The General Strike began on May r" 192.6. That day the University scarred a three-day match against Middlesex, but Robins played for Middlesex, not Cambridge! He then went to Lord's to play for his county in two matches (meanwhile the University had cancelled a match against Sussex because of the Strike) before returning to Cambridge to make his debut for the University against the Australian touring team on 19'h May. The Oxford and Cambridge University matches were the only first class ones cancelled during the Strike, perhaps because too many 31


He was famed as a particularly dynamic cricketer - his Wisden obituary describes him as displaying "an aggressively enterprising anicude co the game" and says "he was impatient of dull cricket". His leg breaks and googlies were sometimes punished severely, but he twice got hat-tricks for Middlesex in county games. He relied on powerful finger spin, sometimes causing the ball to turn at a sharp angle. At Trent Bridge in 1930 he bowled Donald Bradman with a googly to which the famous Australian had not offered a stroke, effectively winning the match. He w,as immensely popular with spectators and his batting, bowling, fielding, or captaincy, were often felt co have turned a game. He was a particularly renowned fielder, taking 217 first-class catches (12 in Tests), yet it is unfortunately for a dropped catch that he is often remembered. It was the Third Test of the 1936/37 Ashes tour ofAustralia at the MCG. The Captain, Gubby Allen, sec a trap for the great Donald Bradman. Robins was to sprint from square leg to long leg as soon as a bouncer was bowled. The trap was duly sprung, Bradman skied the ball to long leg, but Robins fumbled the catch and dropped it. Apologising to

the Captain, Robins received the rather frosty reply, "Don't give it a thought Walter, you've probably cost us the Ashes, but don't give it a thought". Bradman went on to make 270; Australia won the Test; the Ashes were lost by 2 matches to 3. Robins enjoyed a long career, despite business commitments, playing first class cricket for 25 years. Be later became an .England Test Selector (1946-49, 19s4 and 1962-64), chairing the selectors in this third stint. He began his Chairmanship by challenging English cricketers to play ¡ aggressively or chey would not be considered for England. He died (appropriately enough in Marylebone near Lord's) after a long illness at the age of 62. One of his sons, Charles Robins, was also a Middlesex cricketer.

Jonathan Holmes Bibliography: Mr Brian Rendell: personal communications; The Dial 1925-23; Wikipedia; Wisden Cricketer's Almanack onlicne; The Cricketer - cricket archive online; The History ofCambridge University Association Football Club (Cromwell Press, 2004) by Colin Weir.

Ronald Maxwell Savage (1918), pioneer herpetologist One of the less endearing aspects of science is that, excepting those who make major discoveries, the great number of researchers who contribute groundbreaking work can all too often be forgotten in the light of newer studies. In the worst cases, papers appear years or decades later that virtually reinvent wheels in apparent ignorance of what has gone before. This MaxiuellSavageafterretirement. is as true of herpetology as any other science, and came home to me forcefuUy when rereading a book that I first came across as an undergraduate in the 1960s, R. Maxwell Savage's Ecology and Life History of the Common Frog Rana temporaria temporaria. Published by Pitman in 1961, it is testament to a remarkable pioneer of amphibian research in Britain. Savage carried out extensive fieldwork night after night around ponds in Herefordshire during the 19;os, investigating very successfully (and wichouc modern aids) the migrations of frogs co their breeding sires and factors influencing their spawning times. He also spent hours watching frog behaviour in specially designed tanks. Survival and growth races of tadpoles were compared among ponds, and he initiated and collaborated in biochemical work on the protective jelly around the egg capsules. Savage was an imerdisciplinary biologist Jong before it became fashionable. Born in 1900, the youngest of three children, Ronald Maxwell Savage wenr up co Queens' College, Cambridge, in 1918 and graduated with a BA in Natural Sciences in 192,1. Most of his important work on frog ecology was carried out during the 1930s and published in a series of papers, mainly in the Proceedings ofthe Zoological Society ofLondon (predecessor of the currenc]ournal ofZoology). Some of this work, on tadpoles,

was accepted for a PhD by Birkbeck College, London, in 19so. The main hypothesis emerging from his research, the possibility that frogs migrate to ponds by foHowing the smell of algae that emanates from chem, continued to occupy him in his later years. His central idea was chat frogs respond co algae because tadpoles use it as their main food source. The evidence for this from the field was largely circumstantial, and with common frogs he never demonstrated an unequivocal link - perhaps not surprising considering the various technical difficulties of experimenting with Rana temporaria. He did, however, provide some. convincing correlations of spawning times with environmental variables in the preceding weeks (temperature, rainfall, etc), which have attracted interest again, decades on, in an era of climate change biology. Savage's view was chat the climatic factors were acting indirectly on the frogs by affecting the growth of algae. In later years, using laboratory experiments with Xenopus, he wok chis idea fnrcher and showed that these aquatic frogs could be induced to spawn in response co a particular volatile chemical (glycolic acid) released by algae into the water. Of course things have moved on since Savage's day, and we now know that ~1any amphibians rely on a variety of cues, not just smell, when migrating co their breeding ponds. le is disappointing to see how rarely Savage's impressive work is referenced in the recent scientific literature. He broke new ground, and there is nothing to suggest chat in che specific case of the common frog his hypothesis is wrong or inadequate to explain much of migration and breeding behaviour in this species. Savage spent all his working life as chief chemise for a smaJl pharmaceutical company, his first job afi:er he graduated from Cambridge, and he worked there until his retirement in 1965. During the war he stayed in London and volunteered as an ARP warden, but he ran the chemiscry laboratory throughout, and in the 1950s worked closely with researchers at Oxford University who had developed a treatment for haemophilia based on derivatives from animal blood. With his family, he


Queens' College Record 20I2 travelled extensively for holidays in Europe at a- time when this was still rather unusual. A casual reference in his book to finding amphibians in France suggests that at least some of these trips had a .fieldwork component. His daughter recalls lovely memories of family expeditions in their Ford Prefect to the local Hertfordshire ponds where he did his research. He died in Welwyn in 1985. R.M. Savage was a Fellow of the Zoological Society and of the Royal Institute of Chemistry, and an eady member of the British Herpetological Society (founded in 1947). Between 1955 and 1957 heediced the Society's journal, then the British Journal ofHerpetology, and in 1967 he was given the Stamford Raffles Award from the Zoological Society of London for contributions co Zoology, presented by the Duke of Edinburgh. Ecology and Life History of the Common Frog is a seminal achievement, bringing all his earlier work together in one book as a very readable monograph. "The research is all the more remarkable because it was carried out in his own time, with no external

fimding - just his own energy and enthusiasm. Among other things, the book also hints at how dramatically frogs declined in the countryside between the 193os/x94os, when he found ponds with thousands of spawn clumps, and the late 1950s, when only a few of his old study ponds bad any spawn at all. He evidently became concerned about the future of amphibians in Britain. He was still experimenting with Xenopus in 1974, probably in the same garage laboratory where one of his grandsons recalled sleeping on a camp bed "under the whir of the aquariums where my dreams were soaked in croaks and plops".

TrevorJC. Beebee, School ofLife Sciences, University ofSussex Acknowledgements: Many thanks to Rosie Norton for helping to trace the Savagefamily, to Vivienne, Roger and Matt Kynaston for volunteering so much iriformation, to Arnold Cookefar his personal account ofmeeting him, and to the Rev. DrJonathan Holmes ofCambridge Universityfor archive material. A longer version ofthis article was published in the Herpetologi,cat]ou,rnal 20.' U J - IIO, 2 010.

Book Review: War Diaries - A Chaplain at Gallipoli A Chaplain at Gallipoli: The Great T#zr Diaries ofKenneth Best, edited by Gavin Roynon in Association with the Imperial lÂźzr Museum. Simon and Schuster, zou

each year in the 1901-1914 period was between 60 and 70. So the equivalent of six entire years worth of students served in the forces (the huge majority in the Army) and more than a year's intake equivalent were killed. Many Queens' alumni were, at the time, clergymen, and most of these volunteered to join the Army or Navy as Chaplains. One - The Revd Oliver Robenson - felt he should join his flock and fight with chem he was killed in action near Arras in March 1918 as a Rifleman in the Queen's Westminster Rifles. Three other Queens' clergy, Chaplains to the Forces, died - the oldest 44, the youngest 26. The Revd Kenneth Best was among those who survived. Kenneth Best was born in 1887, the son ofa clergyman. His father, an Old Queensman himselÂŁ was Principal of Chester Diocesan Training College, but in 1910 lie was appointed Rector of Sandon in Essex, one of the Queens' livings. The Rectory was Kenneth's home base when on leave during the war. Kenneth was educated at Lancing College until he was 13, then at Arnold House School in Chester. He matriculated at Queens' in 1907 and read Mathematics, gaining a First. He trained for the priesthood and was ordained in 1912 co serve as Curate of .St Cuthberc's, Lytham. He was appointed a Territorial Army Chaplain on the outbreak of War and sailed for Egypt in September 1914. The book stares off with useful background chapters: a brief biography of Kenneth Best himself; a summary of some of the themes from the diaries and letters; a brief history of Egypt in che run-up to the Great War, including notes on the Turkish attack on the Suez Canal (which Besr witnessed first hand when he was seconded to the Canal Zone at Ismailia for a while to replace a sick colleague) and che importance of the Canal to the British; a summary of the allied attempts tO force the Dardanelles and the run up to the atrack on Gallipoli. The heart of the book consists of letters from Best to his family, starting with his precipitate departure to Egypt in September 1914, and diary entries - these latter scare on January 18th 1915 when he receives news of a posting co the Canal Zone. Many of the letters to his father or mother are signed off"Heaps oflove co you all. Your affectionate son, Ken"

With the deaths of the last handful of surviving eye witnesses of the First World War over the last few years, the horror and futility and misery of the trenches has become a matter of history and folk memory, poetry and drama. Still fuse-hand accounts are coming to light and the diary of a Queensman, the Revd Kenneth Best, has recently been published. He sailed with the 42nd East Lancashire Division to Gallipoli in May 1915. After two monchs he was evacuated with enteric fever, but recovered sufficiently to return brieB_y to Gallipoli before being invalided home co England. He did his best to fulfil his pastoral role, rending the wounded, burying the dead, keeping the spirits of the troops up, but his diaries and letters home reveal too an increasingly hostile and critical attitude to the High Command, locallyand nationally. He had no time for those, including some fellow chaplains, who were not prepared to go to the front line and share the experiences of the men there and his descriptions of the appalling living conditions and even more the shocking results of the fighting are vivid and give the reader a true insight into what it was like to fight in that doomed campaign. The loss oflife among members of Cambridge University in che Great War was truly horrific. In r921 the University published a list of all those known to have fought. 409 Queensmen are listed. Of these 74 were killed or died on active service and a further 121 were wounded. In actual fact our War Memorial lists 81 casualties (not counting two Chinese students who were drowned when their ship was torpedoed on the way home co Canton) and it is clear that the University's list does not include quite a number of men, especially chaplains, who were members of the armed forces. If the number killed - perhaps nearly 20% of those involved - seems hard to comprehend, one only has co look at some of the ocher colleges - Caius lose 2ro members, Pembroke a shocking 258 and Trinity an astonishing 574. To put these .figures into perspective, the number of freshmen at Queens' H


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-his was clearly a close family. There are several references (and one letter) to his brother Herbert (Queens' 1912.) serving on the Western Front in France. He is particularly scaching about the administrative chaos, incompetency and lack of organisation when the ~roops landed in Egypt. He found himselfSecretary of che officers' mess and quickly ran up against what he saw as irrelevant traditions, "Most of che officers want to draw rations which are more in accordance with being on active service - bur our Colonel and Senior Major grumble if they have co dive into bags for their lump sugar, instead of taking a lump out of a basin with silver tongs!" His adventures in Egypt are often quite entertainingly described, especially his sometimes rather hapless efforts to set up services, fighting wich flapping cents, officers who refuse co encumber troops with hymn books or service sheets, etc. (One of our officers, a very good fellow, said how nice it would be to have some hymn sheet.s. The Adjutant replied, 'Why dammit, do you think I am going co provide playthings for che ---- men?"). He obviously classes himself as 'Broad Church' and is impressed by the fervour and commitment of Roman Catholics he encounters. At one point he asks his father to send out more sermons as he is running out. He seems rather admiring of a fellow chaplain of liberal views ("Double First in Theology") who he met on the troopship to Gallipoli. This individual tells him "Holy Communion should be taught as essential - the service of absolution and forgiveness of sin ... Teach congregation to put on hold certain non-essentials e.g. Virgin birth, bodily resurrection ofJesus, etc. Teach modem critical view of inspiration of Bible ... He would run parish mainly for men - women do without much care. He would cake matins and Holy Communion and football in che afternoon. Leave Sunday School co lay people ..." Best's own sermons on topics such as "What is your life" or "The test of religion is power - power co overcome sorrows of life" sound racher anodyne. Meanwhile his descriptions of life in Egypt, the scenery, che conditions, the people, the ships on the Suez canal, the heat add a great deal of colour. QCBC even gets a passing mention as he describes crying co teach a sergeant how to row properly on che Suez Canal. There are darker moments - funerals of troops killed in accidents as well as in action, the battlefield 34

strewn wich Turkish dead after che attack on the Canal,- but the tone is mostly light-hearted. This all changed, of course, once the troops he was accompanying were deployed to Gallipoli. They arrived in time for the Second Battle of Krithia, disembarking on Thursday 6th May r915 (without most of their kit, so they cannot sleep for the cold). "Throughout night continuous rattle and roar of infantry and artillery with naval guns booming at intervals". Certainly the diary entries and occasional letters from che next few weeks give the reader an excellent idea ofwhat it was really like co fight in that doomed campaign. Best saw it as his duty to get to the front line as much as possible, to do his best to uphold the morale of the troops, to set up communion services even in che trenches, co rescue the wounded, to bury che dead. "Tis a vagabond life - always on the move. Trying to write a letter home. Shells smothering me in dirt & wind in fine dust". Some of his descriptions of che carnage of the battlefield make grim reading, "All along trench, am stepping over dead bodies. Some men shot clean through heart or head, looked quite natural and peaceful, except for yellow-green hue of skin. Most with looks ofagony or horror on their faces - iffaces were not blown away - nearly all mangled in ghastly fashion". His descriptions of che conditions in which the men were living are equally shocking, "No shelter from sun - trenches like cesspits, full of flies and waste matter with dead bodies half..buried below them. Unburied putrefying corpses all around, while survivors are half dead with fatigue and unable co resist disease". There is a clear theme of che contempt many front line soldiers had for the staff, safe behind the lines. This was a contempt that Best obviously shared and made no bones about communicating to his family. He hints darkly also about officers he feels are malingering or cowardly and pours scorn on the poor planning and management of che campaign. He talks of the inability of career staff officers co understand the nature of modern warfare or the limits of human endurance. It is clear also that he gets caught up in the excitement and glory of battle, even though he is not himself fighting. He mentions also a deep respect for the Turkish enemy - he even gives the opinion that they are fitter, better trained and better disciplined than the British and Anzac troops. One very surprising theme is the poor general health of many of the allied soldiers - he recounts the despair of the doctors finding so many physically unfit for service. He also refers often to the sheer exhaustion of rhe troops - he recounts an anecdote of one group of 4ch East Lanes soldiers who fell asleep as they fired! Perhaps a quote from the diary for Sunday May 9ch (only three days after he landed) will serve as an example, "As usual a day of blood. During brekker five shells from Asiatic fort fall round us ...Chatted with veteran who considers that we have bitten off more or as much as we can chew. This Gallipoli venture seems to him a sort of brillianc notion occurring co the mind of some general after his sixth glass of port... Stray bullets splattering in sand, cracking cwigs or singing past. Streams of NZ wounded coming down ... At top of.gulley we formed a cemetery and buried a number of poor fellows. No one scoffs at religion now. Came back with some Munster Fusiliers, practically wiped out. Do you want 87th Brigade? You won't find chem up there or anywhere. Non est... Down che valley and had a bathe... Needless sacrifice of life... Star shells and heavy fire from French 75s".


QJteens' College Record 20I2 In the end it is the little details that fascinate: the soldier who used a dead body as a cushion throughout a communion service, the bombardment ofa transport ship eventually cowed to safety by small boats, the arrival and superiority of German Taube fighter aircraft over the battlefield, the privileges granted to officers even in the midst of the fighting (let alone on the transport ships), the surprising fact chat the Indian Army was reinforced by private troops sent by the Indian Rajahs, the hopeless inadequacy of the medical facilities, Turkish snipers found "dressed up in branches like woodland demons", the incessant shelling, "Battle increasing - she!Js following me like rain in the Irishman's gig", his observations on the mystic Arab rites of the' Zikkar. There is much of interest both to the general reader and co the historian in rhe detail. What of Best himself He certainly comes across as a man with a sense of humour, even in the midst of all the horror and carnage, for instance, "Play cricket of sores in between attending to wounded and burials. Callous? No! - only way to prevent melancholia. Game abandoned - shrapnel stopped play". This seems typical of his overall positive attitude - some of it, no doubt, a front to encourage the soldiers. He has great sympathy for the ordinary soldier, admiring their capacity for dogged hard work and raw courage under fire, even if he does sometimes grumble about chem as illiterate, unfit and prone to complaining. l-Ie appears himself to have abundanc sang froid in the face of bullets and shells and, despite the grumbling, there is a sense of his excitement, the adrenaline rush ofaction, as he moves around the battlefield. On one occasion he can't wait to gee up to the front co glance over the parapet to see the progress of the battle. He describes the excitement of walking about with the earth spluttering up at his feet as shrapnel or bullets just miss. He is a man of courage himself and admires courage in ochers, whether noted in a wounded individual or in terms of a whole unit's pressing on with an attack in the face of impossible odds. He is stoical in che face of quite appalling conditions, digging himself a half-flooded hole co gee a little sleep, going without food, handling corpses for the burial parties, regretting chat he has been unable co change his clothes for days on end. He tells it as it is, though in che few letters actually written from the front he does spare his parents che gory details. Nevertheless he certainly tells them about his hardships, of the grimness in general terms of the fighting, whilst describing cheery dips in che sea or church services under difficult conditions (ÂŤmy altar was a pair of biscuit boxes, my vestment a khaki shirt, dirty greasy tunic and riding breeches"). There is on the other hand a distinct lack of anything one might call spiritual reflection. Nevertheless at Gallipoli his communion services were obviously well-received and much needed and well-attended. He tended to go up near the front and then go from unit to unit, taking a service for a dozen here a score there. Here is part of the entry for Sunday 5th September: "Eady service 6.45, 11 present, mainly brought by Cpl .Best from his company. 10 a.m. service near top of the Gully and in a bivouac another good church attendance - 2.6 communicants ... On to head of the Gully where I arranged for those who desired co communicate co attend at 3 p.m. Cpl Wilde and men present ... I could gee no change ouc of Col Whitehead (5th East Lanes) who said chat with his chin firing line and scanty support, it would be too risky co spare men. Yet many from 10th and 9th Manchescers came - in all 30. Holy

Communion not 50 yards from Turkish trenches ... Evening service on cliffs about Gully Beach - not so well attended by some 30 men. Spoke from Malachi 3 ... Supper as usual at scores. Just finished when shrapnel ... comes cracking and spurting round followed by whoof whoof of Anne of Asta and her cubs as they belch forth H.E. Retire gracefully to dugout." The diaries are full ofstories ofincompetence and muddle - uoops moved in daylight when they are vulnerable, troops moved out of trenches to rest only to be sent back che next day, ridiculous orders from staff officers who have no idea of the real conditions. By July 14th Best was feeling seriously ill and a few days lacer (he has some pithy words to say about being left in the open on a stretcher for hours) he was evacuated with a diagnosis ofenteritis. His descriptions of the treatment of the sick and wounded are as interesting as chose of battle, if considerably less dramatic - even whilst very ill, he continues to be witty. Life back in Alexandria and then on co Cyprus co convalesce amongst civilians is to Best an extraordinary concrast co the from. He evencually returned co Gallipoli on August 2.6th - the round of funeral services, communions up at che front, ministering co exhausted troops, enduring bombardments, grumbling about senior officers resumed, but the diary entries seem weary and lack lustre and by 19th September he was suffering badly from diarrhoea and dysentery again. He was evacuated on the 23rd and eventually invalided home via Malca. There is an account of a visit from the Governor of Malta with whom he chatted about Lytham - Best was as at home with the higher echelons of British Society as with the lads in che uenches. If nothing else, the diaries give the reader an extraordinary insight into the way oflife and the attitudes of a typical, nice, well-brought-up, middle-class Englishman with contacts in all classes, in che colonies as in England itself, of che period. Bue this particular middle-class young man found himself in a place of unimaginable horror against which he deploys wit and humour, a stiff upper lip, an unbending sense of duty, a withering contempt for the incompetent and uncourageous, compassion for the ordina.r y men being blown to pieces in front of his eyes and sheer guts. The book includes diary entries up co his arrival in England on October 2.3rd and concludes with a description of the eventual evacuation of Gallipoli and a brief essay on some of the famous First World War chaplains. After his experiences in the Dardanelles, Best was sent home for about six months' convalescence. Then he joined the 13th Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment, just in time for the Battle of the Somme. His brave attempts to rescue wounded officers and men led co the award of che Military Cross in 1918. Such was his bravery that he was asked co consider a combat commission. He was demobilised in 1919, but never returned to parish duties. He caught Maths at Cheltenham College for 2.0 years, but in 1940 once again became a Chaplain to the Forces. He was posted to an Officer Cadet Training Unit but from 1944 became a Chaplain at Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force. He was demobilised in 1945 and thereafter lived in retirement in Devon with one of his sisters, playing the violin in orchestras and singing in musical societies. He had lost his religious faith to an extent and he died on Easter Day 1981, aged 93.

Jonathan Holmes 35


The Sporting Record Captains of the Clubs Athletics: Alex Jackson Badminton (Men's): Jinesh Patel Badminton (Women's): Sophie Mitchell Basketball: Ken Lim Boat Club (Men's): Jacob Bruberc Boat Club (Women's): Lydia Gayle Chess: David Phillips Cricket: Sam Williams MCR Cricket: Aaron Collins, Oliver Latham Cross-Country: Matthew Grant Football (Men's): James Davis Football (Women's): Hannah Dixie MCR Football: Gregor Stewart Hockey (Men's): Sam Way

Athletics Queens' College Athletics definitely had a year of quality over quantity in 2010/ n. W irh two competitions at stake, one in the Michaelmas and one in the Easter Term, the Club did well to recruit a strong ream ro face ocher colleges who were often fielding teams of 20 or more. In the first competition, Queens: under the very capable leadership of Max \\7ood, placed a strong 6th place beating a number of other colleges despite a small team. However, it was in the Easter competition that QCAC really excelled. Coming 3rd overall {beating-St John's and losing only to King's and Sr Catharine's) a huge effort was pur in acwss rhe board by the Queens' team. Notable performances were those of Roger Poolman in the long distances wir.h grear rsoom and sooom times, Tom Rex in a wide range of different events including a fast worn, Max Wood with an enormously wide spread of successful events, and of course Matt Grant, emerging &om the jungle of pose-grad studies ro compete in the long distances once again. Rob Blencowe puc in a good spread of hurdling and sprinting even rs, and Alex Jackson covered javelin and che jumps. Dan Keeley also found success in the jumps and javelin, effectively pairing chis unusual combination of evenrs. The final result for the Queens' ream sa:w them pick up 3 first places {including heac even cs) cwo second places, and 6 third places, putting chem in a sound third place thanks ro cheic seven competitors. All in ¡all, huge congraculations are due co everyone who competed for QCAC lase year, and I can only hope chat chis year will see us having similar success with equal levels of Cuppers Athletics enchusiasm from all those who compete.

Hockey (Women's): Lauren Brain Hockey (Mixed): D avid Phillips Lacrosse: Richard Moon Netball (Women's): Lydia Gayle Netball (Mixed): Ellie Harley Pool: Alex Worchingcon Rugby (Men's): Calum RobertS Rugby (Women's): Fiona Gillanders Skiing: Rose Harvey, Annabelle Painter Squash: David Pattinson Swimming and Water Polo: Peter Lucas Table Tennis: Alex Davan.:Wetton Tennis: Richard Lismore-John Volleyball: Dominic Brown the introduction of cwo freshers and two fresher graduates. We are looking fonvard to the upcoming term and hope ro carry our success from the First Division into Ladies Cuppers. The \Vornen's Second Tcan1 also performed exceptiona!Jy well in 2.011. Alier scarring in Division 3 at the end of 2010 they worked hard 6nco-ordinacing as a ream and improving their general pJayingsryle. In the Lent Term the Second Team moved up to Division z by winning almost every march played. The succeS$ of the Team has been due ro the commirmenr and enthusiasm of every member. The Team has remained in Division 2. and there arc high hopes chat chey will rank highly within the Division in the coming year. Queens' Badminton Club is now one of the strongest collegiate reams and looks ser ro build on their successes into 2.011.

Basketball Queens' College Basketball Club underwenr a small revival in Michaelmas 1011, having nor played any games earlier in the year. We were in Division 3 in rhc College League and srarted the season well, winning our opening game against Selwyn by eight points. We then faced some tough opposition in the form of Homerton; unfortunately losing char game. Our next opponents were .Robinson, and this resulted in a victory for us by five points. Sadly, we were 1.1nable co follow this success with anorher victory, losing the final two games of rhe season against Caius and Corpus Christi. Ar the end of the rerm, we found ourselves placed third in the Division and are looking forward to next term's games!

Badminton

Boat Club

Queens' College Badminton Club has had a very successful year. The Men's First Team, having narrowly missed out on promotion rhe previous cenu, were able co secure promotion from rhe 2.nd Division and remain unbeaten as a ream in che process. In the Coppers evenr, Queens' produced their besr performance rn the competition in years, reaching the semi-finals only to narrowly lose 2.- r. albeit with a weakened squad. There was also a strong performance by the mixed team, reaching rhe quarter-finals of rhe evenr. We hope to build on chis success ro perform strongly in 2012. Cuppers evenr. 1n the Michaelmas Term 2.011, the Men's 1srs finished as runners-up in the 1sr Division, losing rhe title-decider 5-4 in a very tense march. The performance of che enrire squad was strong throughout rhe year, with the pairing ofJinesh Patel and Desmond Lee unbeaten within the league. The 2.nd team also managed ro secure promotion and with a strong squad are nicdy placed co gain back-ro-back promotions. The Women's First Team has also had a very successful year, winning the Inter-Collegiate League Fiest Division in both the Lene and Michaelmas Terms. We were unbeaten throughout both of che league playing terms, including four solid 6-3 results and a 9-0 in the Michaelmas Term. The Ladies Coppers ream Rew through co the finals day bur were unformnately beaten in the semi-finals where our nm pair lose their only march of the year! We were sad ro see some of our regular players leave ar the end of Easter Term but the new academic year brought new life and enthusiasm to che Club with

If 09-10 was rhe year chat Queens' men reshufllcd into the top echelons of college rowing, 10- 11 was the year co prove it was no Ruke. The solid Head results of Michalemas '09 were backed up at the postponed Fairbairn Cup in January. The crew was split inro rwo !V's for the event, with the.1st IV corning out on rop of the comperirion, wich a healthy 30 second margin. Thus zo11 started on a roll and, for the lirsc time in recenr memory, the Club was able co field a 2nd VIII for Lem Bumps composed nearly entirely of 2.0d years and above. Th.is proved a significant step towards gaining further depth in che Club. Senior coaches Ferer Taylor and Rob Jeffrey continued co lead the Men's side of the Club up to the Lem Bumps, and the Club was also able ro fund professional coaching for the ind Men's V1li. The build up to Lenr Bumps was broken up with several competitions; including a fruitful foray off-Cam to Bedford Head. The Men's First Boat (M1) won the IM 3, and IMz. divisions, arid recorded the second fastest time of the day. Scarring ar 7th in t.he Lent Bumps, M1 recorded a bump on Jesus on the first day. The¡chase for Pembroke was 011. However che following cwo days yielded mediocre row-overs. Saturday's finale saw the fruition of our hopes, and a poor line by Pembroke around Ditton Corner brought abour che opporruniry, much enjoyed by Captain George Savell at z, for a colossal bump. Mi held their position as 7th 2.nd boat, and M3 moved up co 4th 3rd boat! z.011 also saw the reinsrace.ment of off.Carn Easter Training camp. We spc:nr 4 days rowing trom Walton-on-Thames Rowing Club, and Merton College,


Queens' College Record 20I2

The First Boatgo up to the start at the May Bumps. grad boat Tithom~ finished 3rd in their division at the Ergs. On the water, Ares defeated many of rhe college first boats throughout che term. As ever, costumes were second to none at Emma Sprinrs, with Tigers, Pirates, and S&M all featuring. We have a great cohort of novices showing some serious promise for the coming term and years! Under Rob Jeffery's coaching guidance and Peter Mildon's captaincy, the senior men have made a flying Sta.re during Michadmas :i.ou. A win [tied wjth CaillS) for the 1st IV+ at Univecsity lVs set the spit.its high for some top results at Winter Head from both M1 and M2.. The term peaked with rhe Fairbairn Cup, where the 1st Michaelmas Boat finished 1nd College overall. The 2.nd Vlll also scored a top class result amongst 2.nd VIII's, finishing 4th. The Women's Boat Club had a dedicated squad of experienced seniors and it was clear that W 1, under captain Antonia Robbins, had a huge amount of potential. 1nJanuaty, WI finished third in Fairbairns, thdr best result in recent years, and so che anticipation, as Bumps approached, g.r:ewweek by week. Hard work and training paid off and in rhe Lem Bumps, W 1 were awarded blades, bumping Clare, Caius, Jesus and Clwsc's along the way. This resulc leaves them 5th on che river for next year's Lent campaign. In the Easter Term, Cath Wheeler returned from stroking the .Blue Boat, and W1 continued cheir successful year, moving up two places. Inspired by a year's successful rowing, s members of rhe crew went on to trial for the CUW squad. There was a great deal of enthusiasm in the lower boats, and although. theydidn't have the most successful set of results, rheyalways showed the team spirit, commitment and fWl that rowing at Queens' is all about. W 2. heroically escaped spoons in che May Bumps and the Grad Boat showed tbat it doesnr matter if youger bumped, as l.ong as you're having fun! Michaelmas 2.011 provided a huge infllL"( of novices. Queens' was che only college to have live crews full of cager novice women and there was a huge amount of potential on display. Some great coaching from th.e Lower Boacs Captains, Abi Smitcon, Katie Hamilcon, Amy Francis, and Hamish Houston has encoucaged a thriving boat club.

Oxford, joined us to boost the nwnber of Vllls on the water. We were graced with spectacular weather, and with two Queens' Vllls we got some great long paddles under our belt. A highlight of che year was two macched Vllls, s.ide by side compecitivdy paddling most of che way to Kingston and back - a solid 30k. For the fuse time in recent history Queens' fielded s men's boats for the May Bwnps. The Men's sthBoat was awarded blades after i bwnps and an ovc.rbump. The Men's 3rdBoat dropped one place. keeping us as sth third boat on the Cam. The Men's 2.nd Boat - now competing amongst 1st boars - bad a rough we~k. and were unformnare to be bumped rwice. Easter Term saw die arrival of Seb Robins co coach the 1st May Boat, a very different, smoother and quieter style of rowing was encouraged, perfectly suited for long, efficient rowing... which mrned ouc to be necessary on every day. Some stunning races saw overlap both in front and behind - but a final result of 4row-overs at 8th position ! Chaos continued to reign over the Cam in the Michaelmas Term every weekday morning with the usual crop of novice boats. Under che guidance of three Lower Boat Caprains and plenty of hdpful seniors; 40 male novices represented Queens' ducing the Tc.rm, making Queens' the largest dub on the Cam! The 5 novice boars were named after several mythological characters; Hercules lived up to their name, reaching the final of Queens' Ergs, and

Chess 2.011 was a tumultuous year for the Chess Club. Having been promoted for chc start of Midiadmas 2.010 to the First Division, some cough marches saw Queeni on the back foot. There were some hard-earned and well-deserved wins in individual games, but a return to safer waters in Division 2. for the 1on/ ll season was inevitable. After the loss of some Chess Club sralwam over the summer, the arrival of some _promising new players means that 2.011/2.011 looks like a more promising season. A win in the first game against Robinson at the end of the Michaelmas Term appears co be a good omen for the yeac ahead.

7he Fir-st Women's Boat.

37


job o;ganising everything. The MCR would like to suggest co anyone who didn't play chis year chat they rake theopporcunicy co give the game a go. The only way is up!

Cross Country

Sam l¼y and Tom. Hamilton after theil· undefeated stand of245.

Cricket Full of confidence and looking to follow on from che success of 2.010, a strong squad travelled co Jesus College for our fuse Coppers tie. We were, however, convincingly beaten by a talented Jesus outfit, boasting a number of Blues and Crusaders. Having had our game against Darwin Collc:ge conrroversially called olf. only a win against Homerton would ensure progression to the later stages of the competition. Bowling 6rsc we restricted the visitors to a reachable ,oral and maintained momentum throughout out innings keeping the game on a knife edge. However, despite some impressive hitting in the dying stages we eventually lost out by one cun, ending our Cuppers ambitions disappo.intingly early once again. Special mention should go to Milo Riley-Smith, Sam Way and Debayan Dasgupta for their contributions duting the group stages. The team was able to bounce back and perform strongly in the season's remaining fixtures, winning 40-over friend.lies against Spring CC and Artists and Apothecaries. In che latter game we chased down 244 for the loss of no wickets, with quick lire centuries from talented fresher Sam \'IVay and &om Tom Hamilton, who has now been selected for the Blues. squad. The season was rounded off by a fun 10 overs-a-side game woo by che QCCC Old Boys in tens.c circurnsrances. Especial thanks should go to captain Laurence Smith for his hard work during the year and to the entire squad for making 2.ou such an enjoyable year of cricket. This year the squad has been bolstered by returning Crusaders fast bowler Chris Douse and the addition of a number of talented new freshers, including che Crusader Alex.Rowland. Plans are being put in place for a repeat of the 2.010 Oxford tour and we arc looking forward co an exciting sum.n1er ofcrickec.

MCRCricket 2.oll was. a year of transition for che MCR Cricket Team as a number of illu·scrious names were replaced with fresh-faced, but inexper'icnced, recruics. While che Team's league performance was disappointing, there were a few positive signs for next year. In particular Hassan Kahn's swashbuckling batting and Brendan McCormick's metamorphosis &om hockey-playing caterpillar co batting-opening butterfly. Unfortunately there are only so many words one can write without drawing attention to our somewhat dismal recurn of one league point. However, there were some close calls: Selwyn fans muse have been sweating when their bacsroen met our competitive total of sixty or so runs with just a handful of wickets co spare. On a happier note, the year also saw an increase in the quality of the team's equipment as our one existing bat was joined by three more. Although, foe some reason, the College djdn't agree co our, utterly reasonable, request for six hundred pounds to completely replace out aging equipment. Oliver Lach.am, as joint Captain, greatly enjoyed his first taste of playing cricket and was very grateful for the experience when he got macried in India during the summer and found himself opening the baning against a croupe of his wife's cricket-obses_~ed, Indian friends. The same could surely be said of Dan Quigley, whose brand of bamboozling, left-arm spin cook tl1e subcontinent by storm in a way that the English national ream can only dream 0£ Aaron Collins took over the Captain's role while Oliver was too busy ,vith wedding preparations. He has since left the Cambridge bubble, but did a great

It's been a great year for Cross Country in Queens' College, which has seen some very talented runners join in the past couple of years. On the ladies' side, when not skiing for Great Britain, Fion.a Hughes has led the way, unfortunately missing this year's Varsity Match, hue running for the University in the British Universities Cross Counrry Champiooships (l3UCS), finishing as Cambridge's second scorer in an impressive 68th place, in a deep field. She also led home a very strong Queens' team that narrowly missed out on victory in the Fen Ditton Dash, an inrer-collegiate race held in October, over rhe fields of Stourbridge Common. Here, she was supported by Sarah Nicholas (who also featuted highly in the Freshers' Fun Run), and Stacey Ashworth. Victory only eluded the Queens' ladies by a narrow one poinr margin. On the men's side; the revelation of che year has been Will Ryle-Hodges, who has been caldng the University running scene by storm. A. ;ch place finish in the Freshers' fun Run, the opening race of the academic year, gave but a brief glimpse of what was to come lacer in che term, as he progressed at a seemingly exponential race, raking 2.od place in Cuppe.rs a month later. He tl1en followed that up ,vith a podium finish in the Blues Cross Country Match on \Vimbledon Common, ·after unleashing what is rapidly becoming somerhing of a crademark sprint finish. Aside from individual accomplishment, the Queens' Men's Team has also scarred co come ro the fore again in the lacesr inter-college races, taking a convincing victory in the Cold.ham's Common .Race held at the start of January. The men were led home by Will, suppomd by Will Grant, Chris Hansford, and Travis Winstanley, in what was a superb team performance. With the addition of lase year's University Captain, Matt Granr, for the lase couple of races, after a spell om with injuty, the recent dominance of Jesus College could yet be challenged!

Football Following a somewhat disappointing 2.009- 10 season, a demotion, and i:he First's failure to bring home any silverware, 2.010-11 brought some hard earned success. 1lte 1st XI won rheir 6rsc three league matches of the year scoring 21 goals, bur w1fortunately lose the first competitive home game in four years. Thus we finished third in Division Two, missing out on promotion by just one po.inc. \Ve did however continue our Cuppers campaign beating first division side Christ's 10-1, and pushing Darwin and Churchill out of out way co reach the Cuppers Final The Final was a closely fought affair against First Division side Fitzwilliam, under che floodlights of Grange Road. lJ1e n:ia.rch looked like it was heading to extra rime as ir began to draw to a close at o-o, buc in the dying minmes Paul Cassell managed to break rhe deadlock. heading the ball into the back of the Fitz net. Full time brought a champagne moment co Queens' football history as Captain Dan Keeley lifted the trophy for the first cime in recorded history. (Checking back to the origins ofFootball Cuppers in the rS7os has shQwn that Queens' appear never to have won the competition bef~e - Ed.} The Seconds held their place in Division 5, and the 'Turds' attained promotion and a.r.eonce again playing their intriguing brand of foorball in Division 6. The Firs cs have scarred che new season scrongly, undefeated and in a position co launch a challenge for promotion to the top division. Unforcunacely we suffered a narrow 1-0 loss in Cuppers to Sc. John's, so the focus will have co shift co the Place and rhe league. All three teams arc cutrent!y in the cop halfof rheir leagues and are hoping for a strong end to the season and something to celebrate. The Firm are also looking forw.1rd to their fixture against Worcester College, Oxford, (the winners of Oxfocd Cuppers), as we compete for the Super Cuppers trophy. The Womens Football Team has had a fantastic year by anyone's standards. We were unfortunate to miss out on promotion by just one point at the end of che Lo10/ 11 season, but we could definitely hold out heads high as we were unbeaten in league games throughout that year. A narrow draw to Chr.isc's in dying light in one of the final matches of the Lent Term meant we stayed in Division Three. On caking over as Captain for the new academic year, Hannah Dixie was determined that che team hit the ground running and give every game their all. She has not been disappointed. With a largely new ceam, at least half of last year's side having been lose to graduation and the real world, there was some doubt about how the new side would gel in che opening match against newly-relegated Downing. Fortunately, everyone was more than pleasantly surprised when Queens' slotted a stun1iil\g ten goals past chem, conceding none. le was a .flawless performance and gave everyone high hopes for what might be achieved this


Queens' College Record 20I2 of Division 3, having won all matches so fat Despite having played all games with a maximum of 9 players at one time and no goalkeeper, the girls have displayed fantastic teamwork throughout the season and have triumphed over scrongopposition - even when up against a full team. The ream is lud.-y ro have gai.ned the skills ofa few dedicated first years who have contributed hugely co our success and never fail ro impress. Unformnatdy, afi:cr playing a Division t team consisting ofa high proportion of University playe(s, Queens' were knocked out of the Cuppers competition in rhesecond round. Nevertheless, we hope to h,ave moved up in the D ivision by the end of the season. Despite constantly being outnumbered, the girls are always in high spirics and being good sportsmanship to the game; it has been a de(jght to play alongside them all. 1.011 saw a good Mixed Hockey team Cuppers run for Queens'. A 1.-0 win against Finwilliam was followed by a march against a strong Emmanuel side and sadly departure fi:om the competition could not be averted. The 1.oH- 11. tournament has started on a high note with an excellent s- o win over Corpus, setting up a second round march against Robinson, which, however, we.lost.

Lacrosse Havingbeen promoted back into the top division at the end of the Michaelmas Term 1.010, the Lacrosse Team built oo their success to win the division i.n Lent 2011, beating all other teams with some high-scoring victories en route. Particular mention muse be made ofour match against Jesus, when the 'Queens' Army' was resurrected, with over 30 people turning out co play. Cuppers had been postponed to the very last day of che Lene Term, and saw Queens' ease through the group stages, and with the addition at lunch of players who had been absent in the morning marches due to exams, looked to cap the year off in style. An impressive quarter-final performance against Selwyn saw us chtough co the semi-finals agajnst Clare. This proved to be an incredibly hard-fought and right match, with neither team being able to maintain an advantage. A tense first half saw the score level at one all, but with only m inutes left on the clock. a dubious and highly contested refereeing decision allowed Clare to sneak home a winner after \ve failed co convert our last few chances on goal. Ac the AGM Rich Moon was elected the new Captain, with Milly Maudsley as Vice-Captain, and Tom Renner as Social Secretary. The social side of the club has been as strong as ever, with the three-legged pub crawl, lacrosse punting and lax with a twist all great successes. In the Michaelmas Term 1.01I, having been joined by a new inRux of freshers, Queens' notched up some impressive victories, including an emphatic defeat of Clare, as well as two hard fought and narrow losses to come 3rd in the league.

Actionftom the Cuppersfinal. year. In fact, the victory was all the more impressive as we had only eight players for checntirc march! Ofcourse, despite this, we did nocwanc co be complacent, somerhingwhith the Captain reminded the team before rhe following match, a First Round Cup Tie against Division Two side Churchill, whom we expected to be worthy opponents. And so they were. Bur yet again goals came from all angles and we were thrilled with a final result of n-o. Our final competitive march of the season was a far tougher affair, against our old rivals Christ's. Unforrunacely, nor only did they manage to clinch a lase minute winner, bur Hannah Dixie also managed ro break her arm. This meant the term's matches ended somewhat prematurely, with the revenge march against Christ's in the Second Round ofCuppcrs having to be postponed until the scartofLent Term. It promises to be an excici.ng year for Women's Football at Queens'.

MCR Football 1011 was another very successful year for the MCR football team. The year began with Ben Ctittende.n's ream aiming co regain the league tide, having lost our to Jesus the previous season. Alice victories io the fuse six games.in lace 1.010, a draw was required a,vay to Jesus to secure the tide. Queens' fell 1.-0 down early in the game, but began a comeback late on when Tom Rex fired in a shot from oucside the area. Gahrid Paternain's header in stoppage time earned a dramatic point and, after winning the final game, Queens' ended the league season undefeated. A defeat to Jesus in the semi-final of the cup, however, meant chat this trophy had el uded the team for another year. Players' player of che year for 1010/u went to Julien Licchesi, with mostimproved player going co Paul Cassell. The 1011/1.2. league campaign began brilliantly, with the continued presence of Ted Hayden, Richard Nield, Ben Crittenden and Diego Cerdeiro, as well as the incroduction of left winger Fernando Carrera, ensuring the first eight games were all won by at least three goals. The league decider once again came at Jesus, with Queens' only requiring a draw to secure back-to-back tides. Goals from Hayden and Nickl sec Queens' on their way and, although Jesus got back into tl1e game lace in the second half, the league never looked in doubt. A 100% record was confirmed when Carrera smashed in a volley at the back pose in the dying seconds to make it 3-1 and cap a fine individual contribution to a dominant campaign. With the Cup scarring in Lent Term, we now look to kick on and secure a first double in three years!

Netball Ladies' Netball at Queens' has had another bcillian.r year. 1n Lene 1.011, un.der Captain Jemima Maunder-Taylor, the First Team played some great games. Spurred on by a love of the game and the promise of half-time raisins, the Firscs maintained a strong position in the First Division. The Second Team, mostly third years and led by Laura Turner, demonstrated the joys of playing for fun an.d havi1)g a good time! Michaelmas :z.011 provided an inJlux ofenthusiastic and talented new players. Impressive shooting by Becky Lawrence and Hannah Cahill helped the First Team to climb rhe league, finishing the term in fourth place. Carrying on the tradition of Queens' students representing the Universiry,Loctie Mungavin and Katie Hamilton were both selected for the Cambridge University Ladies' Netball squad, while continuing co shine ac college level. The Second Team were not undaunted by the loss of their final year players and continued in the same spirit as before with Lucy Makinson leading the,vay.With the Cuppers tournament and a new league to look forward ro, 1.012 looks bright!

Hockey Queens' College Hockey Club has had a sedate year, with the men remaining in the 2nd Division of college hockey for both the Lent and Michaelmas Terms. Scrong performances against a range a good teams when availability was strong was balanced¡against some poor resulcs against muchwe,iker teams when numbers were somewhat lacking. The Club includes some very good players, a few of whom have been lucl,-y enough to move onto University Hockey, but oucside of these it is ofi:en difiicult co maintain a squad chat is as large as some of our rivals, something chat we will have to work on in order co progress loco Division 1. Currently the team is facing a difficult Cuppers quarter final against Robins.on, a rematch oflast year's quarter final which was won by Robinson on penalty strokes after a tense 5-s draw. Queens' Womens Hockey Team are currently io a scrong position at the top

The Lar:rqsse Squad, 111inners ofthe League, Lent zou.

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Queens' Mixed Netball Team has yet again done itself proud this year. Cuppers 2.ou saw the Team Jose narrowly in the semi-finals, after a strong performance all year round. The strength of the Team has been consolidated during the Michaelmas Term 2.011. After just one loss all term t0 the deadly Corpus, QCMNC has found itself in 2.nd position in rhe First Division, leaps and bounds ahead of third place, and a mere 2. points behind the1eaders. Solid play from the male contingent throughout the term has contributed ~eatly to rhe ream's success with Ben Sharples on cenrre court and Adam Blacks rock and Tom Hamilron in defence. A special mention muse also be made of our crump card, 6'6" GS Ben Ryan, whose consistently high scores have kept rhe ream on its winning streak. Huge enrbusiasm from rhe fresher girls, Sasha HajnalCorob, Hattie Sharp and Lottie Mungavi11, week in week out, has been an enormous asset co the team, whilst .Blues :2.nds GK Karie Hamilton has made a marked difference in defence and Sarah Paige has maintained srrong play at WO. Owing ro a knee injury in a mixed match in the fuse term, Tash Philpott has been unable to play in Lenr, bur has been a brilliant help in umpi.ring on a regular basis. The contribution of the core team members has made for a fantastic and victorious s~on so far. Lene Term matches are well underway and we arc, as yet, undefeated. Bring on Cuppers in March!

The 2012 ski trip. team sadly couldn't save QCRFC from the commitments of a Cambridge degree. A series of losses to Downing, Sc John's, Robinson, Jesus, and CCK should not detract from the fantastic determination showed in the 16 - 17 loss to St John's, and t.h.e 10 - 7 loss to Jesus. QCRFC have been unlucky in the Michaelmas results, but.look forward to the challenge of-1012. Special congratulations must go to Ben Sharples for his sdectioo for the University U2.1s Varsity Match at Twickenham, and the rest of QCRFC who have maintained enthusiasm and commitment in the face of tough opposition. This year cl\e Queens' College Women's Rugby Club suffered from rhe low female inrak.e in me 2.010 year, so it was therefore difficult co get a ream together. However a few of the 'veteran' players remained and we managed co play CCK (Christ's, Corpus and King's) in the Michaelmas Teon. Unfortunately we lose, but the performance was brilliant, especially considering that almost half rhe ream had not played before! Marches were then postponed owing to frost. In the Lene Term we played another 2. matches, losing one and winning 9ne. The improvement in each and every player was evident and hopefully we'll conrin.ue to grow this year.

Pool w11 was another successful year for Queens' most successful Club. Under the captaincy of Oli Hare, che First Team re.scored icself co the cop of che First Division, caking the 2.010-u League. Title. Success spread do,vnwards, wirll the Second Team ensuring Queens' position as a college co be feared, beating Peterhouse I to ensure me First Team took che cicle and the Second Team remained in the First Division. Eve11 the Thitd Team enjoyed a trophywin.ning season with captain James King leading rhem through a comfortable season in Division 1.A. and to victory in the Plate competition. The 2.ou-12. season has so far seen a continuation of chis fine form. Wirh che addition of a new Fourrh Team, the Club's future looks secure wirh fresh talent emerging among the firsc years. At the halfway point, all ceams remain in thelll.\llt for silverware in their respective Coppers and Place competitions. In che League, the First Team led by Nex Worthington sit cop of Division 1 and exacted revenge for lase years loss in the Plate, beating the Queens' Second Team a comfortable 7- 2. With the League Title again the objecr.ive of the First Team, consisting of Alex Worthington, Oli Williams, Sam Gilbert, Tom Moore, Rob Allen, Joe Waldron, Mace Johnson and Robin Cooke, the Lent Term will be an important one. The Second Team, now under the stewardship of James King, will be hopeful of securing a mid-table position, keeping Queens' with two teams in Division 1, thus providing valuable experience for furure Fim Team players. Whilst the Third Team gor off to a rod.-y stare in Division :i.A,.as the freshers under Michael Leader gain in skill and experience it is hoped a strong finish will prevenr relegation. The new Fourrh Team has been a revelation in Division 3A, with David Phillips leading them on a promotion charge. They are currendy sitting top and unbeaten.

Skiing and Snowboarding The 2012. Queens' Ski Trip was once again a big success. At the start of January 2012, 90 students headed to che Alps ro the slopes of ks Arcs. We were blessed with great snow conditions which, when combined wirh a lively apres-ski timetable, resulted in a fanrastic week. By day Queens' trip beanjes dominated the slopc:s and by night fancy dress infilrraced Les Arcs, including a boiler-suited Queens' mob armed with felt rips on the attack. The Mountain Meal was an exciting table-topped affair followed by ari atmospheric night ski, complete with fue beacons to light the way. Once again Ski Trip family meal was an entertaining and eventful evening and emphasised what a great excuse the Trip is for Queens' students across all years to gee co know each other. On our last day cows, downs and even James Bond hit the slopes for fancy dress skiing, which was a highly enrertaining end to a great week. This year's Committee was made up of third years Rose Harvey and Annabelle Painter and 2.nd years Tom Han1ilton and Natasha.Philpott. We will be raking the Trip to Tignes for what we hope will be a bigger and better event rhan ever. \Vith record snowfall in December in the Nps along with evenrs such as tobogganing, a trip ro Val D'lsere and joint events with Emmanuel Ski Trip it is set to be an exciting and eventful week, which will retain the Ski Trip's place as a highlight of the Queens' Calendar.

Rugby QCRFC have enjoyed a .mixed 2ou in the cop league of Cambridge Rugby. Having proudly scrapedpasc Magdalene, Trinity, and Downing in Michaelmas :z.010, che :2.011 new year brought with it an expectation of League One glory. Sadly the dream was to be short lived. Nevertheless, born marches against the dominanc reams in college rngby produced admirable performances from me men in green and white marshaled by Matt Jones. The battles resulted in 7-12. and 16-10 wins for St John's, impressive results for Queens' considering Sr John's historic dominance, and QCRFC's progressive journey from the Third Division to Division One. However defeat ar che hands ofJesus, Downing-and St Johns saw us stumble from me top spot, leaving us ro face a postponed light for survival against Madgdalene in Michaelmas 2.011. As usual, rhe yearly Old B.oys match was played to me exceptionally professional standard expected of rhe 6xmre. Looking co avenge the ;010 Old Boys match, QCRFC's dynamic duo of Spike Strang's vicious hand off and Rob Blencowes erratic bur effective running style left the aged Old Boys defence in tatters - a good-spirited match and an equally enjoyable evening. The 2.010-11 season drew to a close during Cuppers. Weary from che odd loss in the League, QCRFC regained the league leader spirit co breeze past Robinson with a 2.6-0 win. Unformnately QCRFC then met a reinforced Sc John's bolstered with a large nwnber of blues, resulting in a 46 - 17 defeat. The 11ew 2.011-12 season got off to an explosive scarrwich.the much anricipared relegation decider wirh Magdalene College. QCRFC secured rheic place in Division One with a comfortable win. Thanks co the hard work of QCRFC President Andy Kirk, the Club began their new season in enviable but dangerously skin-right playing shirts. ll1c new streamlined appearance of the

Squash 2.011 was a solid year for Queens' College Squash Club. The ream has steadily grown for the past few years, developing a stable bedrock ofplayers all capable of holding their own in cop division games. The cherry on the cake was our number one, James Grosvenor, who swatted away all that was thrown at him in the nun\ber one spot with almost predictable. ease. In the Lent League the Team was unassailable, ou.r marches would follow a fairly routine pattern: wins would be ground our ar one, four and live, securing the victory for Queens: witli o.fi:en more juicy encounters at cwo and chree. The Queens' bedrock included Jamie Radford, whose slightly unorthodox style and uncanny abiliry co counter drop pretty much anything short often exasperated his opponents. Claude Warnick use.d his pure rallying skills co get him out of many a rricky situation, whilst me plucky James Wood produced the goods for Queens' in brutal fashion. David Pattinson and Captain, Tom

40


Queens' College Record 20n

Jl

of born undergraduate and graduate student members at the stare of the academic year, we have also consistently been able co put together rwo teams for intercollegiate marches. The First Team opened their league campaign with a thrilling 5-4 victory against a srrong Sc John's Team, during which Peyman Gifani capped a tenacious performance with a dramatic win in the deciding game of the final match. Exceptional play by Seb Warshaw gave us another tight victory at home to Girton (despite unexpectedly finding ourselves a player short!) and a srra.ighrforward win against Robinson left us eyeingpromotion_. Unfortunately, we were outplayed in our final march against Emmanuel, ulrimacely falling co a 7-2 defeat, bur our relatively inexperienced team should still be very proud of finishing second in rhe division. Although rhe Second Team were unab1e to quite march the success of me First, they too had a competitive season, highlighted by a line victory against Downing. Next year will herald our return into Cuppers, and a chance for revenge against Emmanuel in our fuse-round match. The depth in our squad and of course the possession of some of the best playing facilities in the university both point to more success in 2oa!

1he Squash Team - Michaebnas 2011.

Tennis 1.011 was another good year for Queens' tennis. As there is no college tennis league at Cambridge, the first and only order of business was Cuppers. Du.e to a mix up in arrangements and weather problems we were forced ro concede the first match, meaning rhe Team would compete in rhe 'Plate' competition. Three consecutive wins (two of which were woo by a single game) rook us to che semi-finals, where we came up against a suong Selwyn side. The guys gave it their all, but we were ulcimacely edged out 6-3. \Virh a couple of excellent players being added to the squad mis year, We're confident the team can make a charge in che main Cuppers competition of 2012.

Micchell-Williams, the relatively new kids on the block, relied mainly on their fitness to grind their opponcncs into the dust, contrasting with Rob '.Jahangir' .Allen's style - his drop shoes may have even croubled the great Jansher himself. Last but not least the baby of the team, Adam Blackstock. like a bird raking irs 6m Bight coaxed on by the team, will neve, look back and will continue ro learn and win. Such depth was the key to the team's success. \Xlinning Division One in the Lent Term is no mean feat, but having such a fantastic set of players to draw from meant chat Queens' seemed an almost impossible team to beat. Heading into Cuppers clie Team was filled with quiet optimism; the firsc few rounds were fairly trivial as we eased past teams from Jesus and Peterhouse. A quarter final against St. Edmund's was well-attended, and the crowd was in foe a treat. At 2-2 going into the last match the hopes of the College rested on the shoulders of the fonrth seed, Rob Allen. He rose to the challenge admirably, securing his match and the fixture in the fifth game 10-9. Alas the Cnppers run came to an end in the semi-final against a relatively unknown Girton side. Looking back at the match it is easy to see chat certain things didn't go our way, but all credit must go ro our opponents who produced some cop-drawer squash. The new academic year saw a turnover of calem, ouc went James, James, Jamie and Claude and up stepped Ravinda Gunararne and Mark Nicholson. We fared well in the Michaelmas League, oo)y losing ro Christ's who had remained particularly strong after their Cuppers win the previous term. So although the team is perhaps weaker than it wa:s, we're still more d1an a match. for mosc of the Fim Division. The team is growing in strength week in week out due ro the sheer amount of squash being played. Attendance ac club night has been particularly healthy with new talent constantly developing. The future looks bright for QCSC.

Volleyball was a great year for Queens' Volleyball Club. We excelled in several competitions including Lent and Easter Cuppers, wiping the Roor with Queens' long-standing rivals St Catharines. Ac the e.nd ofEascer we hosredan out-door cournamenroren co the whole College, celebrating the end of exams with drinks a11d snacks, and everyone had a fantastic day. Despite the loss of our third year founding farhers we are going strong wirh the addition of many fantastic new members recruited from the i1icoming Freshers. Our much loved captain Tom Honnor was succeeded by Dom 'Brown, who upholds his commitment to ensuring Volleyball Club is fun and open ro players of any skill.. Th.e formidable executive team 'is completed by Vke,Captain Mark Whelan and Social Secretary Hannah Vassallo, who together steer the Club towards ever-increasing glory. Social events mis year included rowdy dub nighrs, competitive sports¡ themed pub crawls and swaps with inferior colleges. A craclition has emerged amongst the new players to host dinner after weekly practice, evidence of the closeness expedenced within the Club. Our campaign to have the 'Badn)inton Cupboard' renamed rhe 'Volleyball Cupboard' continues. 1.011

Swimming and Water Polo The Queens' Swimming and Water Polo Club has had a promising stare to the year. With a good intake of c:.xpcrienced swimmers, who will no donbc be competitive ac this year's Swimm.illg Cuppers, the Club also picked up a few (slightly less e.xperienced) water polo players. These intrepid souls braved ridiculously cold conditions in a broken Ginon ]X>Olin a toui:nament designed to help (ironically) warm people co che sport. Despite the cold, it was a good experience, which helped the team land cwo victories in three games so far, our only defeat coming from an experienced Addcnbrooke's side, with the scoreline at 10-7. The team now lies comfortably placed irt the top division. As the year progresses, and the incwnbent Conunircee leaves, the Club will be passed into rhe capable Italian hands of a new captain. Six training sessions are booked, club srash has been ordered, and the final league matches await us. Despite our dismal performance in Cuppers lasc_year, we may well improve our fitness to me point where we arc able to play multiple games on the same day with a smallish squad. We can only hope, despite the appointment of our new enthusiastic social president, who has already booked out formal halls, ready for a celebration after me game, win or lose. Any newcomers to the spore are, as always, welcome to come and cry out for water polo or swimming.

.Table Tennis Queens' College Table Tennis Club has enjoyed another exciting season in 2011. The Club now has players from a wide range of ages and abilities and continues to hold relaxed, casual sessions every week. Following a large inJlux

The Summer Volleyball tournament.

41


The Student Record From the Senior Tutor: The Supervision Since the College Record was last published there has been much turbulence in the Higher Education sector. With so much bad press around, the casual reader might be forgiven for chinking chat the Cambridge Supervision is about ready for the chop. The Daily Telegraph (2.5 January), offered the headline: 'One-to-one tuition at Cambridge threatened by government cu.cs: and reported one pundit as saying chat: 'axing individual Supervisions would spell the end of the "unique Oxbridge experience"' (a complaint that may not have won over every reader who happened to enjoy an education elsewhete). This cri de coeur serves as a reminder, at a crucial moment in the history of British Higher Education, of the need co make a reasonable argument for the Supervision; co justify the ways of Dons to men, and women, who might.not otherwise apply for admission to Queens' to receive - via the Supervision system - the finest undergraduate education available.

any other component of the curriculum, including teaching. For the shrewd and the cynical learner, academic study can be an exercise in 'selective negligence'. Teachers also know this. Assessment strategy is not merely confined to students but to teachers in all quarters of education. In many institutions within Higher Education traditional assessment practices are under pre.ssure; increased numbers and the modularisation of courses have tended to erode the quality and quantity of assessmem. In the expanding knowledge-based economy it is usually possible co realise economies of scale in teaching (integrating small independent courses into larger disciplines, gathering larger classes, etc.), but it is much more difficult to economize on assessment - and maintain quality. Teaching a class of chircy students for one hour is one thing, taking home thirty scripts co mark is quite another. Under increased pressure, assessment activity tends co be reduced with a consequent shrinkage in the hours students devote to their studies. The challenge, therefore, is co deploy sustainable assessment processes that induce desired learning outcomes. But with so much at stake financially, and with so many job prospects riding on a 2..1 or a First, some students adopt a conservative attitude chat eschews any unfamiliar assessment process that might possibly lead to an unpredictable outcome. Feedback from Queens' students frequently calls for more 'mock exams', to replicate che challenge of Tripos. But Mocks don't, quite, serve this function, and we should be careful what we wish for. They have a tendency to induce heavy risk-taking: surface learning, canalised preparation that is over-selective and potentially disastrous. For teachers, the decision whether or not to set mocks based on past papers (in the time-honoured tradition) requires very careful consideration.

What Drives Student Learning? Recent scholarly research into how studencs learn enables us to see the wood for the trees. Student learning, almost invariably, takes the form of action planning for examinations. In soine cases the prospect of impending examinations serves as much to stimulate the amygdala, the limbic system structure representing the residual core of Man's reptilian brain (involving emotions and motivations related to survival), as the cerebrum. Examinations or, more generally, assessment drives what, in what way, and how much most students are prepared to study. Many undergraduates take for granted che existence of a 'hidden curriculum', the one students muse intuit in order to pass exams and succeed. At its best, assessment can support and encourage enhanced learning. A.t its worse, assessment operates to narrow student focus to the point of neglect. Most examinations are administered by the University but insofar as we are able to influence or control assessment, the significance ofdecision-making at College level cannot be overstated.

The Cambridge Supervision Effective assessment supports learning without constraining it. Far and away the most productive form of assessment in shapingscudent learning isfannative assessment. No jargon here, formative assessment is shorthand for the evaluation ofstudent

In What Ways do Students Learn? Previous academic experience at school almost invariably affects how students approach their new undergraduate learning environment. Every year the transition from school to university, movement from dependent co independenclearning, presents a greater challenge for newcomers to Queens: Under pressure, students tend to rely on one of two approaches to learning. Either they take a surface approach which is pragmatic, reproductive, and perishable or they take a deep approach which is holistic, structural, and relational. Surface learning can be entirely valid in certain circumstances but an obvious difficulty arises when students adopt a surface approach to subjects where the focus ofassessment is on deep learning. Assessment is the commander-in-chief of all curricula, marshalling all aspects of learning behaviour. Theorists use terms such as 'deep' and 'surface' co describe approaches to learning, but these terms are more usually (and more precisely) denote approaches to ¡ assessment. Assessment influences students' thoughts and actions co a profound degree, more than

Some quick super'Vision work in the Bar.

42


Queens' College Record 20I2 learning by means chat aid understanding and the development of knowledge, skills, and abilities. This type ofassessment avoids passing judgement in terms of marks or grades on the quality of learning or performance more generally. We all experience formative assessment every time we give or receive incremental feedback during conversation. Conversation is, of course, the oxygen of the Cambridge Supervision. Formative assessment precipitates the effortless acquisition of intellectual independence; the student internalises the quality of the questions asked by the Supervisor, reproducing something of the same via questions he or she in turn asks. The weekly essay or its equivalent is an ideal catalyst for this process. At its best the Supervision allows the student an opportunity to trump the Supervisor by placing the questions that lead conversation to the point ofexact scholarship. lhe Cambridge Supervision is reassuringly expensive and undeniably antique but there is no doubt chat it offers the best possible value for money, and an optimal learning environment according to che tenets of modern pedagogical research. What is fast becoming clear in Queens', across a range of academic disciplines, is the benefit of seeding Supervisions among a run of group classes. An integrated system is now standard in subjects as diverse as English and Engineering, and the number of Directors of Studies considering moving to this model is increasing. Undergraduates who have experienced che transition to a new system report favourablyupon its effects. So, if a responsible editor of a tabloid newspaper were to ring up and ask for comment on the validity of the Supervision system at Queens' and its predicted longevity, what would be the response? Well, something like this:

Professo~¡ RodJones conducting a supet¡vision.

Learning Committee which are held twice a term. Innovation has led to changes in the Supervision system. Singleton Supervisions are no longer the norm in some subjects, for example, where groups of two or three students facilitate more dynamic interaction. The 2.012. undergraduate intake at Queens' will be taught through a blend of Supervisions and classes in many cases, the exact proportion of each differing from subject to subject, dependant upon pedagogical factors. While it is true chat perpetuating the system at Cambridge will be more challenging in an increasingly lower resourced environment, Supervisions will continue co form the basis of teaching and learning at Queens' for the foreseeable future. An integrated system whereby Supervisions are interspersed among small group classes, aligned with faculty or departmental lectures, creates the optimal learning environment within which to rrain successive generations of reasonable adventurers after knowledge.

Queens' - Optimal Practice: Teaching and Learning in the Round At Queens' the imperative co innovate wichin teaching practice is well understood, and discussion aimed at sharing enhanced good practice takes place at meetings of the Teaching and

James Kelly

Admissions Despite some predictions of doom, Cambridge's applicant numbers have held up very well this year. Overall, the University actually received a slightly larger number of applications than in the last admissions round, although the overall rise does mask some significant variations between subjects. It is too early to say whether this marks a longer term shift in behaviour but this year saw a rise in applications for science courses and more obviously vocational subjects and a shift away from more traditional arts subjects. This may be an effect of a more 'outcomes-orientated' approach to university that a number of commentators have suggested will be the result of increased tuition fees. Members who are interested in some of the responses within Cambridge to the challenges of this 'brave new world' might want to look at the series of lectures available on the CRASSH website about the idea of a university (http:/ /www.crassh.cam.ac.uk/ events/I804/).

The Admissions Office has been busy crying co spread the message about the excellence and value for money chat a Cambridge education provides. In March we appointed Maria McElroy to the role of Schools Liaison Officer. Part of Maria's remit is to broaden our connections with schools in Kent, Bradford and Havering (areas to which we are formally linked by che university) but she has also been involved in welcoming schools from all over the country to Queens' and going our to visit schools a:s well. Maria's appointment will provide a focus for our ongoing Outreach work and enhance our ability to meet our central admissions aim. We continue to want the best students, regardless of background, to come and study here and the Admissions Office is always happy to provide advice to prospective applicants, their parents and teachers on all aspects of the admissions process (admissions@queens.cam.ac.uk).

Andrew Thompson

43


The Spiny Forest of Madagascar The thrill of a. once-in-a-lifetin1e trip to Madagascar - that incredible and almost mystical island which Sir David Attenborough so brilliantly documented in a series lase year could only be heightened by the fact that I had the opportunity to tell Sir David about it three weeks before heading off. As I told him breathlessly over a Wacerstone's book signing, I was taking part in the month-long Operation Wallacea expedition in the unique Spiny Forests ofsouth Madagascar. We would be conducting a number of surveys of biodiversity in the Ifocaka Nord protected area, including one of the iconic lemurs, in order to inform the on-going conservation work in the area. Our accommodation for the month would be two-man cems; facilitie.s were as luxurious as flimsy plastic cubicle long-drop toilets and cold water bucker showers. Madagascar is an (oft-overlooked) island off the east coast of Africa, below the Equator, and a little bigger than Britain. Like many islands, it has a unique array of weird and wonderful, and largely endemic (that is species found nowhere else) species. These include plants, reptiles and bizarre insects and worms, as well as the lemurs. Ir contains within the one island habitats as vastly different as tropical rainforests in the north and east co dry semi-deciduoL1S scrubland in the south and west. The so-called Spiny Forest, in which my expedition was based, is in fact ofthelatter type -excepting a few river-side pockets of gallery forest, there was no canopy. The dominant vegetation type was the tall spiky Alaudia trees, with their .single thick stem protruding several metres skywards and tiny succulent leaves nestled in between protective inch-long spikes. These tiny and seemingly inaccessible leaves form the basis of the diet of the remarkable Sifakas - huge white lemurs which stand to about chest height and which have the astonishing ability to leap from one spiky Alaudia stem to another twenty or so metres away, taking off feet-last, landing feet-first and somehow avoiding impaling themselves on rhe lethal spikes. I had the incredible good fortune to see a family group offour such cream res no more than five metres away, on just the third day of my trip. The Ifotaka Nord protected area is an area of che forest which contains a number of small rural villages around the central village of lfotaka. For the first week of our expedition, we were based in a small dedicated camp-site on the edge of this village, sharing the local primary school's two concrete buildings. It is important to convey quite how isolated chis pare of Madagascar is: suffice it co say chat in order to get there we first had to fly from the country's capital, Antananarivo, in the north, co the southern city of Fore Dauphin by Turboprop plane; from Fort Dauphin, che twenty or so of us were bundled into a creaky and economically-scruccured cattletruck to embark on a six-and-a-half-hour drive on pocholeridden, unmarked dust roads co gee co the village. As we left the suburbs ofFort Dauphin and got into more rural areas, the few people we saw - children herding goats, women carrying babies on their backs and enormous sacks on their heads, men ploughing with zebu cattle - would stop, stare and point at us. During our time there we became accustomed to children following us, grinning and shouting "Vassal" ("white people" or "foreigners"). We arrived at the camp site after dark, by

Jessica Finch holding a radiated tortoise.

which time it was very cold, and spent the lirst evening sitting talking around a spit-roasting sheep and singing and dancing with the Malagasy students, local guides and cooks. During that first week, we were imroduced to the ecology of the area, both through a series oflectures and through going out into the forest with each of the five scientists involved in the project to experience the recording techniques associated with each of the five areas of study (lemurs, birds, reptiles, invasive plants, and forest structure and disturbance) and to familiarise ourselves with our surroundings. This involved crossing the wide Mandrare river on foot, trouser legs rolled up and boots tied round our necks, both early in the cold mornings (6am following a 5.30am breakfast of rice) for fieldwork before the heat of the day and at night, to search using head-torches for nocturnal lemurs, reptiles and birds. These included brown mouse-lemurs, cure squirrel-like animals with huge round reflective eyes chat gave chem away in our torchlight, and eerily pallid nocturnal geckoes. During the day we saw radiated tortoises (which we were assured are endangered, despite our having found three on the first morning!), African big-eyed snakes, and huge millipedes and locusts. We would gee back each day both more tanned or burnt, as our sun-cream was sweated off, and more covered in vicious cuts from the planes char are all indescribably spiny. The plants of the spiny forest make a blackberry bush seem really quite cuddly. It wasn't the plants with the big obvious inches-long spines that you had co beware of - it was the completely inconspicuous, easilyoverlooked, boring, brown, trailing plants with invisible backwards facing thorns. You didn't know tliey w<1re there until you were caught painfully up in one as it snagged your hair and the skin of your hands and arms, o.t wrapped around your ankles threatening to trip you up on the stony ground as it left a ragged trail of thorns embedded in your leg. We soon learnt that it was less painful to trip over than to grab a nearby plant for support.


Queens' College Record 20I2 less disturbed by human presence than the forest near Iforaka. Here we camped on the banks of a (largely dried-up) tributary to the Mandrare river. The other side was bordered by sheer cliffs, tiny ledges of which supported precarious trees with swollen trunks. At first or last light each day, we were able to look across the river to the orange sunlit cliffs and watch troops of ring-railed lemurs leaving or returning, and hear them calJing ro each ocher. Ir was a truly magical place. le is impossible co. describe fully within this shore article even a fraction of the incredible wildlife we saw - my comprehensive journal which I maintained throughout the trip is over 15. 000 words long! We mist-netted for birds, set our Sherman traps for mouse-lemurs in order co survey the population; we scaled sheer cliffs and sac in 40 degree heat to record lemur groups over a 3km radius; we did a night transect in a thunderstorm; we sat around in the evenings reaching English co the Malagasy guides and cooks who were keen to learn it, and learnt bits of Malagasy in return. The experience was truly eye-open 1ng, and more importantly, we were making a smaU concrihution to the research in the area, which is vical for finding real solutions to conservation problems that work with not against the local people.

Two SitakM in Alaudia trees.

After that first week-long orientation period in the relative civilisation of the village camp, we upped sticks and trekked across the rjver and .five kilometres into the forest co che more basic river camp that would be our base for rhe remainder of the trip. This was truly in the heart of the Spiny Forest; much

Jess Finch

Breaking down borders July in the Kumho region of Cameroon brings with it many things from spectacular thunderstorms to swarms of flying termites (a local delicacy). However, July 2,011 also heralded the arrival of a team of seven university students from Cambridge and Yaounde, Cameroon, under the banner of Engineers Without Borders (EWB). Their aim, in partnership with OK Clean Water, was to provide the village of Sakir with a potable, piped water supply. EWB is a global organisation that promotes engineering in a development context. 1t takes many forms, and in the UK it is predominantly a student-run organisation with university branches. These branches deliver training co students, organise talks on developmentissues and technologies and assist in placing students with external partners to enhance their engineering capacity. They also run school outreach programmes in order to raise awareness of the situations chat many pares of the world face - a shortage ofclean water beingjust one of these. Overseas 'branch projects' are a relatively new idea. The branch aims to partner its members with an experienced NGO, so that the varied skills of a group can be applied in developmenc projects on the ground as well as opening rhe eyes of the students to the realities ofdevelopment work. OK Clean Water is a Canadian charity set up in response to an article spotted by one of the founders which described the terrible state of drinking water in Africa in general, and in Kumbo in parciculax. A group of ladies then goc together and sent out someone co create a link between Ottawa and Kumho (hence OK. ..) in order to ensure that the money raised would be used appropriately. A decade later, and with 30 water supplies under their belt, OK kindly agreed co work with EWB Cambridge, choosing a hard-working village in the Kumho area, from their shortlist of applicants, which was suitable for us to work with. The EWB engineers would then travel out

in the summer and help with the design and planning, as well as some construction. The 'Without Borders' aspect was truly emphasised when some EWB Cameroon members showed an interest too (a great blessing, as we found out, since we're ignorant Westerners!).

Ben Le.froy in Cameroon.

4S


The lovely, friendly village of Sakir is located north of the major town in the area, Kumbo, and has population estimates of between 1000 and 3000, since people move seasonally. It had piped water for a couple of years in the nineties but the spring ran dry. Since then people have had to trek to other springs to meet their needs. In 2,007 the village approached OK with a proposal co install a new water system, but the funding wasn't there to start che project, so ic was put on ice. The dedication and enthusiasm of the villagers stood out to OK though, so when this opportunity came to cake a village off the waiting list, Sakir was top. Aud so now I find myself reflecting on a month spent in Cameroon - rhe highs, che lows and the slightly odd moments. What a month it was! It began with a mind-blowing welcome ceremony in che village at which most ofche people turned out singing and we were blessed and brushed with a live chicken. The sincere commitment of the viUage to getting dean water was clear from che off. Our main task in Sakir was threefold. We were to complete a precise survey, using a theodolite, of the first 1.5km of proposed pipeline from the spring catchment to the rough location of che storage tank, and co use alttmecers and GP$ co map the rest of the pipeline. The detailed survey was required co ensure chat che storage tank would be built far enough below the spring chat water would flow into it. In addition, we brought a DelAgua water quality testing kit co check che levels of contamination at the spring. This is of par.ticular importance, since the supply will be used as drinking water. Happily, the spring was almost completely free of bacteria. With suitable protection around the catchment area, we would be confident enough co drink it ourselves (even the members of the team who have proved to have jippy stomachs)!

This all felt like hard work at che cime, but it paled into insignificance when we saw the Sakir community turn out in full force, on a day off from their farms, co build the catchment. Men, women, children - all turned their hands co whatever needed doing, be it carrying sand, clearing bushes, mixing cement, anything. And it got done - fast. This was far and away the most striking experience for the team, as we saw their words of commitment transformed into serious action. By the end of our stay the catchment was almost complete, and we have complete faith that the work will carry on regardless ofour presence! They will truly own their water. So what does the fucure of chis partnership hold? To quote the local language, Lamnso, "lim lim" - hard work - from our end, an endeavour to raise ÂŁ12-,000 co provide building materials for the Sakir system, and in Cameroon, not only continuing construction but also education of the village on how co manage and sustain the system. A savvy community that understands the importance of catchment protection and regular maintenance is one chat will have clean water far into the future. So many development projects fail because there isn't that follow-up element, which is why OK Clean Water is such a superb venture - it provides relevant and accessible training for village water committees. We witnessed one such session and saw che value it added by encouraging the committees co chink. for themselves about solutions co their individual issues. If you would like to find out more about the project, please do contact me (bi3o4@cam.ac.uk). We would love more people to be involved in research and fundraising, as well as co experience the realities ofdevelopment work in the field.

BenLeftoy

My second coming to China During the summer of wn, I had the opportuniry of carrying out an internship in Beijing with a Chinese technology-based company from lat.e June until mid August. I managed co fie in a wide variety of tasks and activities around my working schedule and I also set up a cartoon-style blog abouc my experiences! As the article title implies, it was my second time visiting China. The previous trip was also work-related but with a different company in a different cic-y- in the summer of 2,010 I was lucky enough to work at the World Shanghai Expo 2-010 in the UK Pavilion for 12 weeks. For me at the time co be experiencing a foreign country with a significantly different culture did come with its challenges, but was, for the most part, a joyful and eye-opening experience. I would certainly recommend trying something new, which could involve taking seeps outside one's comfort zone, to anyone else! However, for my second venture into one of the fastest growing economies and the most populous country in the world, I came with a better understanding of the nation's culture, its history and even some of the language. Before flying into Beijing to start my internship, I stopped by Shanghai to catch up with the friends I had made during my .first stay. Once news that I might be coming back to China spread, plans for a reunion gathered pace. As soon as I landed in Shanghai with all my luggage and mobile gadgets in hand, I immediately tussled through the crowds of visitors and the humid, roaring heat of

the Shanghai summer and purchased (with a bit of haggling of course!) a local call card to help me gee in contact with my local friends. For the next few days I hung out with friends, revisited old spots like the neighbourhood chat I had lived in and went sight-seeing to a few of the local attractions such as che traditional Chinese markets,. To be able co commute on the subway lines with my Jiaotongka (Public transportation card) and walk through the same streets with which I had become so familiar was a privilege and brought back good

Tim Lobban andfriend.


Queens' College Record 20I2 memories of an important stage in my life. However, my stop in Shanghai only lasted for a few days and I had to prepare for my work in the capital, looking forward to a further wealth of experience and memories. Fast forward through a long-delayed and hectic plane journey coupled with a rushed midnight taxi trip, I arrived in the Haidian district of Beijing in an area. that was supposedly a 'silicon valley'. The .internship itself would mainly involve work on refining the English language script for the firm's GPS navigator products and assisting with the marketing of the product co European and Western audiences. The company office was located in an office plaza near where I was staying. I have to admit tl:iat, with the building being several storeys high and designed with outspoken architecture and windows the size of my college room, I did feel a bit intimidated and a licde underdressed. To help add a bit of grandiosity to the location, the plaza was equipped with an 007 James Bond-scyle open area (with its own peacocks.!); it also had a nice little authentic cafeteria where the only kind of utensils available were chopsticks and the menus were all in Chinese. Nonetheless, once I got stuck in.to the job, things turned out not co be as intimidating as they had originally seemed. In face, my first

day at work ended with news that plans had been made for a company crip to KTV! KTV (Karaoke Television) is a core part of East Asian culture, indeed, Karaoke is revered in chis region and, do not be mistaken, in China it's more than just a sing along, ic's a part oflife, and anyone who tells you otherwise is about as Asian as a Cornish pasty. This was where interns, workers and even the CEO and Chairperson of the company drank Tsingcao, ace fist-sized dumplings (Baoze) and sang along to favourite runes until the early hours of the morning. My stay in Beijing was also marked by other experiences, including getting lost in the rural oucskircs of Beijing and having to use 'survival' Chinese to gee to where I needed to go, and interacting with everyday Beijingers whilst indulging in the mouth watering meals provided by the local street vendors. Deploying my cut-throat bargaining experience in some of Beijing's back and main street mar.kets and witnessing thunderstorms that seemed on the verge of creating another Atlantis, were other highlights. Overall, the experience helped sigolficancly co enhance my Mandarin and further contributed to improving my understanding of Chinese culture and business practices.

Tim Lobban

Digging Tell Brak During Part I of the Archaeology and Anthropology Tripos, I took a particular interest in the ancient Near East and was keen to put some of my knowledge into practice. Dr Augusta Mcmahon, my Assyriology lecturer, is also the Field Director of the ongoing excavations ofTell Brak in north eastern Syria, one ofthe earliest examples of urbanism currently known. Students in their first year would not normally be accepted on an archaeological dig of chis kind as the ancient Near East is a very popular location for excavations. This is where the majority of 'firsts' of civilisation took place. The other members of the team were Masters and PhD students and Doctors of Archaeology from around the world. However, owing to my enthusiasm for the opportunity, it was decided I could potentially be of some use on the dig if only as a manual labourer and there was no doubt that my understanding of archaeology would benefit greatly from taking part in the dig. I was granted some money from the Queens' Expedition Fund towards my flight to Damascus. From 2,3 March to 8 April 2.011 I excavated in Tell Brak ( ancient Nagar) and some surrounding sites. Brak was occupied from the sixth to the second millennium B.C and so the excavations ranged from early lithics and animal bones to full blown administrative buildings and temples. It was incredible for me to be able to see the development of such a key example of civilisation over the millennia. Brak has a rich excavation history starting in 1937 with Sir Max Mallowan (who brought his wife, Agatha Christie) so I was able to in:vestigate some well excavated ruins as well as more recently discovered sites. It is not possible to describe the thrill ofdiscovering ancient artefacts for yourself. I could not possibly mention every find I made or witnessed. There were awe-inspiring moments, such as walking through the threshold of a temple which has been bu.ried for thousands of years or sitt.ing on the fallen throne of Naram-Sin near his palace, but for me che smaller, more

personal artefacts were just as impressive. For example, I was allocated a room to excavate myself in site HH which dates from the late 3rd/early 2.nd Millenium BC in a complex from the lace Mittani Period {around 1400BC). Here I excavated the wheel ofa toy chariot, in such good condition for something so ancient. One could imagine a child today playing with it. The wheel had fingerprints in the clay from where the craftsman had shaped it. Pressing your fingers into the grooves made by someone so ancient helps you identify with what life was like then and appreciate how it has changed over the millennia. It makes you feel like a small part of something so much bigger. As well as Tell Brak we also visited some other North-Eastern sites; my favourite involved abseiling into an American excavation ofa "pit of necromancy". A very different experience from finding artefacts important to the lives of the ancients was that of finding human remains of the people themselves. On my third day of excavation in site TW (which dates co the Late Chalcolithic period circa 4200BC, 21 levels down from the surface), I found a baby burial (the child was around 2 years of age). I felc rather thrown in at che deep end, so to speak, when I was given a kit for dealing with human remains and told carefully to expose the body. There is something distant about the skeleron of a child who had been dead for thousands of years before most, if not all, of everything you know coday even existed, but it is still ultimately a sobering thought. le took many painstaking hours of careful creaanem before che burial could be removed from the ground for analysis. I dealt with another 2, human burials after that. On top of the fantastic archaeological experience I had, I also experienced a Jot of the culture of modern Syria, from the busy streets of Damascus to che workers in the more remote areas. I was honoured co be invited to eat with some of the Syrian workers because I wanted to help with their job of swinging a pickaxe and moving dirt as well as 47


Tum Neal with local excavators at Tell Brak.

forensic excavation and transporting/washing finds after they were discovered. The team was also invited to dinner with the Sheikh of the Jazeera. The Sheikh is a very wealthy and powerful man who bas a lot of control in the region. I particularly enjoyed that dinner which included sheep eyeballs and brains because I had not eaten meat for cwo weeks and it was a wonderful experience of a culture so different co chat of Cambridge! The Sheikh also suggested I could marry one of his nieces, which was flattering, although I politely declined citing my archaeological work as my current passion.

The environment seemed so alien, the temperature shifts so much, from 5am when we woke up to 10pm when sleep became an option. It is incredible how quickly a scorching desert can become freezing once the sun sets. It could go from sunny to large hailstones and gale force winds in a matter of minutes. One particularly memorable event was a storm which, I am cold, was the worst co hit the region in living memory. Brak, being the highest point for miles around, allowed me to observe what I can only describe as a wall ofsand approaching the Tell. But rhe sandstorm was only the beginning; the storm flattened the base camp at Brak almost completely and led to a sleepless night and a big relief effort the day after! I hammered the pegs of my tent in during rhe chaos and mine was the only tent to survive the night! I could not write chis article without mentioning the current events in Syria. The start of the revolution and killings in Damascus began while I was out there in 2ou and have continued into 2012. Even in the remote places in which I was working for che majority of the trip the tension could be felc, from a secret police presence to random road block checks. I would like to thank Queens' for helping cowards the funding of che expedition and Augusta, Adam, Carlo, Phil and Alessio; I am very grateful for what I learned and had an unforgettable experience. I am now in my second year, specialising in Part 11 Egyptology, keeping up my interest in the ancient Near Ease.

TomNeal

From Vienna to the Black Sea by Kayak On Thursday uth August, after packing, rationing, and a quick 'yes we still Roat' test run (less than 3 hours before scheduled departure), the Cambridge University 2.011 Danube Kayak Expedition set off on our attempt co paddle 1940km down the Danube. Apart from the physical challenge of paddling 8-10 hours per day, the secondary objective was to produce a miniguide book, in order to encourage sustainable travel on the river. Three days of driving, lots of lase minute running around Vienna, and very little sleep had us ready to go. We launched into a roaring scream and headed into Vienna, the first capital city. Somewhat lacking in experience, we spent the first day learning the hard way. The first set of rapids was nerve wracking to say the lease. Fortunately we survived without mishap. Our next surprise was quire how big the shipping is on the Danube! Tankers and cruise ships over 100m long and rugs pushing strings of up to six 75m barges charge up and down at a cracking pace, creating huge waves. With Vienna astern, we stopped for lunch on a tiny gravel beach near a lock: a welcome chance to screech and relax in the shade. Disaster struck as an armada of ships came barrelling out of the lock, kicking up monster waves, tossing our kayaks onto the rocks. We dived in, but all we could do was hold on and prevent the worst of rhe damage. Predictably, all of the batches were open, and we watched helplessly as items were washed into the river. After discovering that our essential hatch covers don't Boat, we spent an hour worriedly ' dredging' for them, fortunately recovering everything. Repacked, we headed for our first lock. After a brief reconnaissance, we srill had no idea of procedure; we waited for the doors to open for

a cruise ship and paddled into the narrow gap. Predictably th is prompted a good deal ofshouting and arm waving. As it turns out, you should call the lock keepers (with a radio we didn't have...) before entering. The lock was huge, and we spent an amusing 2.0 minutes slowly sinking into the massive concrete box alongside an entire ship full of couriscs busily waving and photographing us. Paddling out into the Lobau National Park with the sun setting over the Vienna skyline was a special experience. Highlights of the next two weeks included campfires, gorgeous beach campsites, a wander around the beautiful town of Eszrergom on rhe famous Danube Bend, loads of naked Slovakians, an evening paddle through Bratislava, and wild camping in the centre of Budapest. Late on day 16, the usually frequent camping opportunities had all but vanished and we were considering climbing onto an abandoned dredger, when a Serbian man came chugging by in his tiny fishing boat. Afi:er much gesturing and with no English at all, he convinced us to follow him, albeit rather apprehensively. He turned out to be incredibly friendly and great fun as well. His wife gave us dinner, and he filled our glasses relentlessly with tuica, an extremely potent home-made plum brandy. It was amazing to have a real bed to sleep in, and they wouldn't let us leave in the morning without more ruica, some incredible coffee, and bags of garden vegetables. It was hard to accept so much from people who obviously had so little, but it seemed that to refuse would have caused offence. They waved us off as we paddled away into another scorching day, nursing the first hangover of the expedition.


Queens' College Record 2or2

Sarah Knight afloat on the Danube.

We used cycle maps the whole way, bur wich 348km to go che map ran out as the bike route turned away from the river cowards Constanta and the sea. Unforcunacely, this is exactly the point where rhe navigadon gets tricky. le took us a coca! of r7 minutes co get lose. Despite our frustration at ending up in a canal, it was a great chance co see much more of Romanian life. We paddled past goat herders' shacks, fishermen trawling with huge JOom nets (all of whom tried co sell us a variety of suspicious looking fish!), gypsies with animals everywhere, and farmers 'harvesting' mud from the river bed and carting it off in horse-drawn wagons. With 140km co go, the km markers vanished co be replaced by nautical mile posts. This confused us for a while as the numbering suddenly jumped co 75. This is the lower section which is navigable by ocean going ships, many ofwhich did their best to (Un us down! Here, the north bank becomes Moldova and then Ukraine. Entering Ukraine, a line of rusting watch rowers stretches into the distance. As we crossed the 'line', rwo soldiers in full camouflage and carrying rifles ran out of the

aees, jumped into a speed boat, and sta,rted the sirens wailing. After a few cries it became clear char their boar wasn't g~ing to start, so they resorted to shouting and waving as we paddled on by. From here on we were in the Danube Delta; full of wildlife and marshy backwaters. The 'end' in Sulina was a lirde bit of a lee-down. After such a long way it seemed there should be more to it chan a small post next to a rusting shipyard and a muddy beach. Due to rapid land mass growth in the delta, rhe 'real' sea was still 8 miles further downstream. With no time co paddle there and battle back against che current, we made do with the very pleasant atmosphere ofSulina. We enjoyed dinner, a real bed, che company ofsome friendly locals, and got the hydrofoil back upstream to sea.rt out on the 2.000 mile trip home. A huge chank you must go co Queens' College and the Linington family for providing us with financial support for our trip. We are currently working on a short guide book in oraer to help anyone else chinking about completing either all or a section of this trip.

George Savell and Sarah Knight

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Mantas in Mozambique Last Summer I travelled to Southern Africa in Search of Manta cays. Having spent the previous summer working in an ice cream shop, I wanted co spend chis summer doing something that involved less frozen dairy and more Scuba diving. After weeks of thorough research I found a marine laboratory in Zavora, Mozambique. It was perfect. Situated on a remote screech of coast, its untouched waters are a Mecca for all things big; whales, sharks, and most importantly, Mama rays flock co these waters. It was the ideal opportunity to amalgamate the knowledge base I had acquired during the fuse two year of the Nae Sci Tripos with my passion for diving. With che generous financial support of Queens' College travel fund, chis opportunity became a reality. Returning from Cambridge after a week of May Balls, punti11g and Pimms, I had a mere 2. days co wash my clothes, pack, service dive gear, and buy all me necessities for such a trip. In my post-May Week daze, rational packing was definitely compromised. In retrospect chis was a bad idea as I opted foe all shores and t-shirts, naively assuming Southern Africa's winter wouldn't actually be cold. l was wrong. So on 2.7 June, I Sew to Inhambane, Mozambique's 3rd largest city. After being met by Dr Yara Tibirica (lab founder) we set off by 4x4 along dire track roads co the village ofZavora. Upon arriving, I cook up residence in a simple wooden hut, then met the research team and got to grips.with how my time would be spent during my stay. Manta rays are the gentle giants of the ocean. With 'wing spans' reaching up co 7 metres, they glide effortlessly through me water. They have fascinated divers for decades, and with relatively little known about them, their elusiveness adds to che intrigue. Only recently it has been clarified that there are in face two distinct species: Manta alftedi and Manta birostris. Boch species possess a distinctive spot pattern on the ventral side. Each pattern is unique to an individual, acting like a fingerprint. On a normal day I would do two dives each morning. The lab's endeavour was to increase understanding about Mantas by collecting images of their ventral under halves. Manta 'fingerprint' images can be collated with ocher pictures from all around che world in a global database. When cwo spot patterns march, a migratory connection can be inferred.

Similar projects have seen great success for whale sharks, yet for Mantas, collection efforts are still in che early stages. Work in Zavora is laying rhe foundations for an extensive catalogue of images that can be cross-referenced with ocher Manta monitoring operations across the globe. Such information is allowingscienciscs interested in Mamas to tackle key questions on their ecology and migration within the vast oceans. Aside from pestering Mamas for a photograph, I had che opportunity co delve into other ongoing projects in Zavora, one of which was. combing the near-shore reefs for Nudibranchs (Sea Slugs). If it weren't for their small size, these illuminous Gascrapods would be the ocean's scar att ractions. Recent decades have witnessed the d iscovery of thousands of new colourful species. 1he spectacular thing about me Mozambican coast is its virginal nature. Tourism in che coumry is in its infancy, and much of its waters remain unexplored. This creates me perfect location to discover new Nudibranchs endemic co me region. One big advantage ofarriving in winter was the Humpback Whales! Between May and September, southern hemisphere Humpbacks travel vast distances along the African coastline to reach warmer macing grounds. Small pods of Whales could always be seen migrating north a couple of miles off shore. On lucky days we would have close encounters whilst on the dive boar, and when submerged, their vocal songs provided a peculiar backing crack. On one occasion whilst ascending from a dive, we were fortunate enough to witness a pod of three: 2. adults (up co 18 metres) and a juvenile. The whales acknowledged our presence and slowly cruised around the dive group. In this surreal moment we eyed up mese gigantic, distant mammalian relatives in absolute awe. Bue just as soon as they had appeared from me blue, they had faded away again. It was wimout doubt the most memorable experience of me whole trip. After 5 weeks in a remote corner of Mozambique I wasn't ready to leave. I'd spent coo long with the marine Mega-fauna and was reluctant co return to a life of cerrescrialicy. I had gained invaluable experience working alongside top marine biologiscs, made lasting friendships, and had eaten potentially more p iri piri than I ever thought possible. Ben Smith

A Manta ray ojfZavQm.

A sea slug.

so


Queens' College Record 20I2

Oxbridge Summer Camps Abroad - a journey to Hong Kong As I walked into the University Societies Fair at the beginning of my second year, I was welcomed by the sight ofa large banner proclaiming 'Free Flights to Asia'. Having just rerurned from a theatre wockshop tour around North India and Nepal I was keen to rerum co a continent which excites and inspires me so I applied. Oxbridge Summer Camps Abroad (OSCA) is a registered not-for-profit organisation that runs English teaching summer programmes in many locations around Asia including Hong Kong, China and Japan. The camps are staffed with volunteers, mostly from Oxford and Cambridge Universities. I was fortunate to be offered a place to reach in Hong Kong, where, in fact, I lived as a small child, although I have Urcle memory of it. I was further surprised when, after attending a training day in London, I was invited to direct my own ream - an excellent opportunity bur somewhat intimidating. Pre-departure, my responsibilities included offering guidance and feedback to my team with lesson and activity planning, answering practical questions and checking that all 21 volunteers had organised flights and paid cheir deposits. After a long flight, with an extended stop-off in Moscow, I arrived in Hong Kong. The Airport Express to the city provided an eye-opener from the outset with an ultra-modern train carrying me, tired but wide-eyed, with a view of the beautiful Hong Kong harbour out of one s.ide and with a jungle habitat our of the ocher, before caking me into a fore~t of skyscrapers. When I finally emerged onto screetlevel it was not rhe crowds of people everywhere which struck me nor rhe painful realisation that I had almost certainly over-packed as my backpack pulled at my shoulders, but the incredible humid hear hitting me in a wave as I left the aii;-conditioned comfort of the station. I arrived at my hostel on Man Fuk Road in Mongkok, Kowloon, my home for the next 6 weeks, but there was no time co relax and recover as, within 5 minutes of arriving, I had a meeting with rhe two other direccors and our local Programme Officers. The s of us had the responsibility ofensuring the success of the camp in Hong Kong and, over the 6 weeks, spent lots of time together and became a close knit group. During the first week the members of each team got to know each ocher, finalised the preparations for reaching and co-ordinated with our ream of teaching assistants (all enrolled in education-related courses in local universities and assigned co help us with the camp). Then, without further ado, the teaching began and I found myself addressing 12.0 fourteenyear old Cantonese children before leading my own class off for first lesson. The first problem which presented itself were the children's names. Most had adopted 'Western' scyle names, but something must have been Jose in translation in their name choices as I was presented with students caUed, amongst ochers, Onion, Lemon and Captain. The teaching day consisted of 3 hour-long lessons in the morning followed by an extra-curricular activity, a drama lesson and a whole school event in rhe afternoon. My lesson topics included Wonders of the World, Endangered Animals and an Internacional Trading Game. In each lesson I had the students practice both their reading and. writing in English but focused particularly on speaking and listening. After initial hesitancy ro gee involved, it was very satisfying co see the students grow

Hong Kong at night.

in confidence and lose their inhibitions to express themselves. My afternoon activity was a parachute-making task - reams were supplied with a bin bag, newspaper, sellotape, string and a ping-pong ball ro produce a parachute. The winning team was the one whose parachute hit the ground lase, having been dropped from che 2nd .floor. The 'whole school' events included a fashion show, bridge building and a mini-Olympics. These activities and events provided a more informal environment for the studencs ro express themselves, with the competition providing rhe motivation to overcome their reservations about talking in English. Finally, there were the drama sessions which culminated in each class performing a short play of their own composition, which normally included a dance, in front of the whole camp. Highlights of these plays included a love triangle between Spiderman, Godzilla and Cinderella, and a more existential play about Jackie Chan and his inner Devil. When we were not teaching we did our best to make the most of the amazing place we were in. I have many brilliant memories of di.lferent excursions including visits to the Temple of Ten Thousand Buddhas and ro an Ozone Bar on rhe Hoth floor of a skyscraper and watching the neon-lit skyscrapers on both the Kowloon Waterfront and Hong Kong Island from a Cross-Harbour Ferry. However, the highlight for me was a group oming to Sharppeak. After a long bus journey to the middle of nowhere, we embarked on a 2. hour hike in the heat of the day through a 'spider-infested' jungle in order to access a stunning isolated picrure-postcard-perfect beach. After many hours ofsunbathing and swimming, we had dinner and a large beer in a beach shack restaurant, and then set off for the main purpose of the excursion - co watch the sunrise from the top of Sharppeak mountain. However, this meant setting out at 1am from sea level and climbing co the aptly named summit in the complete dark with only I torch between 2 on a highly ambiguous path. le was a srrenuous walk; trying to keep such a large group together when climbing in the dark would have been hard enough even without wrong turns and stumbling across a stray bull. However, against the odds we all made it to

SI


say that it was a phenomenally rewarding and memorable experience, from teaching che children to experiencing a whole. new culcw;e, and I have made some fancascic friends. I would recommend a trip to Hong Kong co anyone; it has a unique blend of the Oriental and the Western. To find out more abouc OSCA and their volunteer work go to www.oscaonline.org.uk/. Adam Sullivan

che top and, as the sun rose over the South China Sea, we sat in silent awe as a rainbow of colours emerged in the dark sky and was reflected in the waters. After a long, tiring and sweaty descem, we emerged from the foliage back onto our beach and rushed into the cool sea. I have noc couched upon the amazing food, the mishmash culture or my subsequent excursion inro China. Suffice it to

Distinctions and Awards First Year Rrst Classes and Colkge & bibititJns Myrto Aspioti (Doukas School, Greece): Pare IA Modern and Medieval languages Alexander Barns-Graham {Winchester College:): Parr IA Mathematics J3ck Bartley (Prior Pursglove College, Cleveland): Part IA Mathematics Andi:ew S Bell (Tomlinscote School, Frimley): Pare IA Natural Sciences Simon Blessenohl (Walddoefer Gymnasiwn, Germany): Part IA Computer Science Theo T Boyce (Kingswood School. Barh) Part 1, Archaeology and Anthropology William J Bradshaw (The Judd School, Tonbridge): Pare IA Namral Sciences Lauren A Brain {Old Swinford Hospical, Stourbridge): Pare IA Medical and Veterinary Sciences Luke R R Chapman (King Edward VI Community College, Tomes): Part IA Mathematics H ugh FT Emerson (Sc Paul's School, London): Pare lA Narucal Sciences Marios Fourna.rakis (3rd General Upper Secondary School ofKalamara, Greece): Pare IA Engineering Laura L Gallop (St Albans High School fur Gfrls): Pare IA Medical and Veterinary Sciences Katie Hamilton {The Fallibroomc Academy, Macclesfidd): P:u-r IA Natural Sciences Yehudit Harris (Hasmonean High School (Girls), London): Part IA Medical and Veterinary Sciences Joshua T Holgate (Stockport Grammar School): Pare IA Natural Sciences David M Humphries (Felsted School, Dunmow): Pare l Theology and Religious Studies HanchuJi (Watford Grammar School for Boys): Parr I Economics David IJohnston (Methodist College, Be.lfust): Pare IA Medical and Veterinary Sciences Qaiser Khan (Peponi SecondarySchool, Kenya): Pan IA Narural Sciences Mark A Lewis (Royal Latin School, Buckingham): Parr IA Mathematics Richard DC Moon (Abingdon School): Pare IA Medical and Veterinary Sciences Daniel Mortin (Pascon Sixth Form College, North \%Isham): Parr IA1v!athematics Shee E Ng (Shrewsbury Incernational School, Bangkok): Part IA Engineering William] T Oram (Ekham College, London): Part lA Computer Science David H Phillips (Sc Albans School): Pare IA Mathematics Harry T-S Prance (Dean Close School, Cheltenham): Part IA Classics

Thefarmer entmhce to the Round and the College. Abigail E See (Hills Road Sixth Form College, Cambridge): Part IA Mathematics Sicong Shen {Diponc EducacionManagemenr Group, China): Pare IA Engineering Dan Shu (Guang-thou Yinghao College, China): Pare IA Natural Sciences RalmO Siinmaa (Parn11 Koidula Gymnasiwn, Esronia): Pare IA Mathematics Thomas P Sparrow (Royal Larin School, .Buckingham): Pare IA Con1pmer Science Kathryn C Tremble (Newstead Wood School, Orpington): Pare IA Medical and Veterinary Sciences Antanas Ursuli~ (Vilnius Lyceum, Lithuania): Part IA Computer Science Hannah Vassallo (Sir William Perkin's School, Chercsey), Part IA Asfa.n and Middle Eascern Studies Thomas E Watts (Dr Chal.loners Grammar School, Amcrsham): Pare !A Engineering

Marchew O Jensse11: Pare lB Mathematics SJ Bryan Lim: Pare IB Engineering Rebecca A Lockhart: Part IB Modero and Medieval Languages Paul R Merchant: Part IB Modern and Medieval Languages PccerJ Mildon: Parr IB Engineer.ing Thomas B Mirchell-Williarns: Paet IB Natural Sciences Lewis Owen: Part 1B Namral Sciences Stephen Pendrigh: Part IB Engineering Ellen G PoweU: Pare IB Mathematics Be11jamin R Price: Pare IB Mathematics Alexander J Robinson: Pare IB Engineering Lindsey 4 Tare: Parr IB Natural Sciences Arthur M P Tombs: Pare 1B Engineering Joseph A \'½ldron: Pare IB Mathematics Rachel Wilkinson: Part 1English Yechao Zhu: Parr IB Mathematics

Third Year: First Classes and Awards Second Year I-,,~t Classes and Foundation Schol11rships

Laurence J Bargery; Pare IB Natural Sciences Lawrence PS Baynham: Pare 1B Engineering Amanda L V BeU: Part IIA History of Arc Jordan A Burgess: Pare lB .Engineering \Vai-Chuen Cheung: Pare IB Engineering Thomas F Clarke: Pare I English Edward J Davenpore: Part IB Mathematics Hannah J Dixie: Pare lB Law Matteo Escude: Pare IB Natural Sciences Lydia H Gayle: Part 1English JoaMa Hale: Part IIA Politics, Psychology and Sociology Michael] F Heap: PardB Namral SciencesJames C Hinks: Pare I History James RI Hollingshead: Part 1B Law George RM illingworth: Parr 1B Engineering Susanna M Jamieson: Parr 1B Medical and Veterinary Sciences

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{FS: Foundation Scholar:ihip; BS: Bachelo,¡ Scholarship) KeralaL Adams-Carr: Parr 1I Natural Sciences (Physioloi,,y, Developo,enr and Neuroscience); FS Benjamin A Blume: Part II Computer Science; FS Helen E Breewood: Part IIA Chemjca) EJ,gineering; FS Jacob B Bruberc: PareIIA Chemical Engineering; FS Charlotte M Craven: Pare TI Narural Sciences (Biological and Biomedical Sciences); FS Mark R Davies: Pare !IA Engineering; FS Helge Dietert: Pare II Mathematic.~; FS Stephanie A Edwards: Pare JI Geography; FS Samuel J Greenaway: Parr lI Natural Sciences (Pathology); BS Gemma A Gronland: Parr U Education; FS Evelyn Heinz: Pare JI English; FS


Qyteens' College Record 20I2 ~

University Awards

I

The Archibald Denny Pri.ze:J R Pattison The Theological ScucUes Prize:P T McKearney; ZHNewman

a g ci

We 11polugise that the.fo/Lo111ing111/IS missed ojfthe 7hjyJ Year, First Classes &Aw111m list in the ZOJ l Record: Andrew RI Melville: Parr IA Modern and Medieval Languages

Degree Day-left tu tight: MSci., lvf.Eng. andlvf.M11th graduands. Sean A A Jones: Parr UA Theology and Religious Studies: FS Daniel M Keeley: Parr U Natural Sciences (Zoology); FS Robert J Leadbetter: Parr fl English Patrick T McKearney: Pan IIB Theology and Religious Studies Martin C Maas: Parr Il Computer Science Zachary HNewman: Parr IIB Theology and Religious Studies Mark D E Nicholoson: Pan II Narural Sciences (Chemistry}; FS Deborah L O'Brien: Part II Namral Sciences (Chemistry); FS/BS Katherine F O'Donoghue: Parr ll History; FS Helen A Parker: Parr II Land Economy; FS Helen EM Porte: Pare II Natural Sciences (Biological and Biomedical Sciences); FS/BS Sophie A Renner: Pare II Natural Sciences (Experimental and Theoretical Physics); FS Charlom: SE Roocie: Part II English: FS Jasmin A Sandelson: Parr IIB Politics, Psychology and Sociology PecerJ Sil.kc: Pan II Nanu-alSciences (Pathology); BS Matthew PSwaffer: Parr II Natural Sdence.~ (Zoology) Helen C SwiJi: Part IIB History of Arr; FS Ryan D Sykes: Part IIB Economics YuSWen: Part !IA Engineering Travis N Winstanley: Part 11A Engineering: FS JamcsJWood: Parr 11 Law; FS Yan S Xiao: Part II Natural Sciences (fa-perimental and Theoretical Physics); FS

Fourth Year Fim Classes or Distinctions and .1/111111.b ClaireLA.msrrong: Parr III Namral Sciences (Materials Science); BS Sophie V Baillie: Part Ill Natural Sciences (Chemistry) Timorhy I Cannings: Part Ill Mathematics; .BS Henry A Cathcart: Parr IIB Engineering; BS Thomas W Green: Part Ill Na rural Sciences (Experimental ,md Theoretical Physics) Tristan Kalloniacis, Part III Marhemarics Akash Maharaj: Pare III Natural Sciences (Experimental and Theoretical Physics) Laurynas Miksys: Part Ill Mathematics Jennifer R Pattison: Parr IIB Engineering James T Radford: Pare IIB Engineering Susannah R Stevenson: Parr II Modern and Medieval Languages; FS David A Sykes: Part llI Namral Sciences (Geological Sciences)

Graduate Students First Classes or Distinction, ,md Aw,ml.r: SarahJ Crossman: Part U Final Vet MB; BS Hcnner Goen: Master of Law; FS OliviaKG,dlier: PartIIFinal Vet MB; BS .Kristin N Hansen: Master of Law: FS Shan YA Lee: Part Ill Final MB; FS Anna Medvinskaia: Master of Law; FS Johannes H Meyer: Master ofLaw; FS Amisha H Pacd: Parr Ul Final MB; FS Katarzyna M Szreder: Master of Law; FS RobercJWalsh: Part I Final MB; BS

College Awards: Year Prizes JoshuaKing:MCMaas;ZHNewman Hughes;P R Merchant; P J Mildon Veon: W J Bradshaw; H Vassallo

College Subject Prizes Braithwaite: D H Phillips Brendan: K F O'Donoghue Bull: YHarris Chalmers: MJ F Heap Chase: HJ Vanner Claycon: Z H Newman Colton:H GWDierert Cook: P R Merchant Engineering Alumnus:Y S Wen Hills:H Vassallo Lucas-Smith:KM Sircdcr Mdsome: PJ Silke Morgan: K F O'Donoghue Mosseri: \VJ Bradshaw; DI Johnston Northam: RD Sykes Peel: TE Wates Phillips: JC Hinks Prigmore: P J Mildon

PhDs Johannes Ammann (Pathology); Laura-Jo Ayling (Pharmacology); Elisabetta Babetco (Biological Science); Tiffany Bergin (Criminology); Shrivalli Bhat (Physics); Franck Bille (Social Anthropology); Patrick Calvert (Medicine); Marie-Christine Clemence (Frel)ch); Federico Corlecto (Medicine); Mark De Silva (Philosophy); Neil Dickson (Chemistry); Benjamin Ellway (Management Srudies); Simon Goldman (Experimental Psychology); Elizabed1 Gulliford (Divinity); Liang Guo (Sociology); David Hayman (Veterinary Medicine); David Klingle (Archaeology); Elliott Lash (Linguistics); Yun Lee (Management Studies); IanLeung(Compurcr Science); Peng Li (Biological Science); Yonaran Mendel (Asian and Middle.Eastern Studies); Sandro Nunes (Veterinary Medicine); Philipp Obcrhumer (Physics); Carrie Oliver (Pathology): Adewale Oparinde (Land Economy); Ryan Reeve.~ (Divinity); Rubens Reis ¡ (Ascronomy);Joshua Robinson (English); Stephen Rowley (Physics); Merieke Stevens (Management Studies); Swerha Suresh (Pharmacology); Rabab Tamish (Education); Michael Tan (Engineering); Rogier van Dalen (Engineering): Yana Vaynzof(Physics); Mustafa Vchbi (ManagemencSmdies); Adrien Vigier (Economics); Lacey Wallace (Classics); Naralie White (Archaeology); Emilia Wilron-Godberfforde (French); Yao Yao (Pharmacology); Omar Yousaf (Social and Developmenral Psychology).

Unnamed Subject Prizes Computer Science;$ Blessenohl History of Art:A L V Bell Land Economy:H A Parker Narural Sciences (Zoology): MP Swaffcr Politics, Psychology and Sociology: J A Sandelson

Other Prizes Beamenr:E F Hughes Bibby:CJ M Bdl;J LScephenson Dajani:) P Slight Openshaw:YZhu Farr Poetry Prize:] N Katko Hadfield Poetry Prize:J HJ Persad .Ryle Reading Pi;ize:T F M White

53

B.A.(Hons) Cantab.


Firstyears at the Hallowe'en Bop.

The 2or1J-2011JCR committee.

JCR

student:$ to the College. For chose who left us in June, there was che Barbel and Boar Feast, and. as of this coming year, Old MCR members will become a member of che new Barbel and Boar Alumni Society, with the airn of keeping in couch more closely with members in rhe coming years. OveraU it has been a very productive, social and highly enjoyable year of working hard and playing hard in true Queens' fashion, and we look forward to continuing in aU of these in 2012. Happy New Year from the MCR! President, Sarah Gardner; Secretary: Marion Cubitt; Treasurer: Gntgor Stewart; Ents Officer: Kristen Klebba/Robert Jalali; Stewa,·d: Artur Arikainen; Wo1Jdvilk SteUJa,·d: Manhew Fright; Externals Officer: Amy Gilligan; Alumni Officer: Kathryn Hesketh/Mahdi Amin; Formal e:i«hanges: Magdalene Mak.rodimitri/ SteUa Nord.hagen/ David Neave: Welfare Officer: Or Rosenboim; LGBT Rep.: Charlie BeU; OUJ/sf()ne Rep.: Anup Patel; Ffrst Year Rep.: Ziyad Abunada, Webmaster: Jorge Prombonas.

As ever, more wenr on within che JCR than could ever fit into a shore article.

There were great changes to the Committee itself, when Charlie Bell and his very experienced and accomplished ream handed over. Only two members of the new Committee had previous experience of the JCR. We were able to achieve a great deal on the back of all che weU overdue constitutional changes, which introduced the three new positions ofVicc,Presidenr (External), Mens Welfare Officer and Sports, Societies and Entertainments Rep. We have sec welfare as a key focus and have been able to bring abom new initiatives such a.~ weekly exam term welfare events to help students relax, many more welfare teas, and fundraising and awareness events, induding a Pyjama Brunch in the Buttery in aid of research into testicular cancer. As a Committee, we \Vere able to pot on a great Freshers Week, and yet again help move around 130 freshers into Cripps Court sporting our much loved green rugby shirrs. Perhaps the biggest change in zou, however. ,va.s the creation of a new JCR Combination Room, which was greatly welcomed by undergraduates. The room char was formerly the Solarium in AA staircase was transformed into a quiet place in which undergraduates can relax, and was particularly enjoyed by this year's cohort of freshers. We're looking forward co our final term in office, and hope to bring about huge improvements co rhe current college gym, which is well overdue a makeover. No matter what the rest ofour term brings, l can, as President, safely say that this year's Committee has been one I am proud co have led. President: Amanda Hadkiss; Vice-President (Internal): Will Scott; Vice· President (External): Jordan Norris; Secretary: Myrco Aspioti; Computer Officer: Will Oran1; Womens Welfa,·e Offim/Ihird Year Rep: Hermione Taylor; Men's Welfare Officer: Thurstan Redding; First Year Reps: Ben Sharples & Harry Prance; LGBT OffimiSecond Yea,· Rep: Tom Rasmussen; Food SteUJard: Dominic Brown; Environmental Officer: Camilla Maudsley; /Jccess Officer: Lewis MacDonald; Sports, Societies & Entertainments Officer: Greg Steele; Bar Rep: Reece Jackson-Jones; International Rep: Sicong Shen; Accommodation Officer: Maries Fournarakis.

QCOEF QCOEF is still going srrong at Queens:.buc has seen asmaU change in format thanks ro the creation of Queens' Combined Charities in Ocrober of chis year. This is now che umbtella body encompassing QCOEF, RAG and the Enabling Fund. The idea was to bring more coordination and cohesion to the various charitable activities around the College. By doing so we hope co be able to raise a greater awareness ofeach of the three branches. build a strong support scrucmre for the activities of e.ach of the1n, and ultimately raise more money to go co some hugely worchwhile causes. So far, ir seems co have been a great su.ccess, and there arc lots of plans in place for fondraisingcvenrs for Lent Term. As for QCOEF specificaUy, we continue ro receive a steady flow of proposals from charities in the UK and overseas. We hold rwo .aUocarions meetings a year in order ro decide which applications we prefer, and grant funding to them accordingly. 1n our most recent meeting, we have suppo(ted two A&ican charities, one based locaUy in Cambridge, the ocher a Sourli African organisation. The former is in support ofa Women's Liceraty project in Uganda, the lattet to sustain a mobile computer laboratory in the poorest townships in South Africa. The diversity of th.e applications means it is always an eicciring

MCR Ir bas been another busy year for the MCR, starting with a revamp of the Woodville Room to enhance the aesthetic feng shui, or ar least ro have somewhere more pleasant to have a cup of tea. There are now new sofas wich comfy cushions, rowing blades on the wall, a new pool cable and a porrrait of Elizabeth WoodviUe welcoming you in. We made conracr with our sister college (Pembroke} at The Other Place and had a very enjoyable day beating chem at spores and a drinking contest during Michaelmas Term 2010. The return trip in Easter 2011 saw a defeat in the spores bur Queens' managed to maintain viccory in rhe drinking contest; no conclusions to be drawn from these results. A Battle of che Bands event in the Fitzpatrick Hall saw groups on stage from Queens' and Darwin MCR, and rhe Grad Choir put on several very popular concerrs, including end of term performances, Christmas services and a sing· off against the Fellows' Choir. Re·introduced this year were che Jamboree Grad Talks, at which students from che MCR presennheir research co che rest of college, hopefully inspiring an undergrad or two. The Enrs Team have had a busy year running a casino night, a masquerade cocktail party, the MCR May Weck garden parry, a BBQ ar the Maids Causeway houses and a packed freshers' week co welcome over 180 new grad

MCR Masquerade Cocktail Party; Lent 201r.

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Queens' College Record 20I2 Reynolds gave a thoroughly entertaining talk about the practice of summitry in the modem world and Dr Joseph Canning came to discuss the fascinating incricacies of medieval political choughc.1ltis year the society also explored some ofthe material remains of Cambridge's past. We visited the famous Parker libcary ac Corpus Christi, which has possibly rhe grcacesc collection of Anglo-Sa.xon manuscripts in ch_e world including the famous Sc Augustine Gospels. In che Lent Term, we were lucky enough co be given a care cour of the UL Tower, that mosc mysterious of Cambridge landmarks. The Society has also organised several social events, including -film nights, formals and ofcourse the Annual Dinner. Presideni: James Hinks; Social Se,retary: Camilla Cook.

Queens' Bench - Lawyers' Society Queens' Bench has had anochec successful year. A particular highlight was the Reform Club Dinner organised by Professor Femiman and the Law Fellows. k was a wonderful chance ro dine in chc splendour of cbc Reform Club. A delightful evening was had by all, "~ch the current undergraduates making che mosc of che opportunity co speak co some discinguished alwnni, including Sir Srephen Brown GBE. Ac che Annual Dinner Professor Fenciman delivered the speech with customary panache, including many interesting anecdotes from his time ac Queens'. Particularly memorable was d1e description of how he emparhised wich Sic 1homas Smith, who had reportedly preferred co be a Law fellow at Queens' than King of Bohemia, although Professor Fentiman is scW awaiting his olfer of a crown. The Garden Party was che first evenc robe organised by chc new Committee. Due co May Ball preparations, a last minurc change ofvenue co Old Court was called for, which provided more intimate surroundings rhan che usual venue of the Erasmus Lawn. le proved co be a popular event among law and non-law students alike, with guests able co enjoy che champagne and canapcs whilst relaxing co the sounds of a jazz quartet. Ocher evencs chis year have included a novel addition to che calendar in the form ofan informativecareerseveningwith CMS CameronMcKenna, providing insight into life as a City Solicitor. In che Michaelmas Term, thanks co che generous sponsorship of Herbert Smith, Queens' law scudems were able to get co know each oche_rover drinks and caoapes in the lovely surroundings ofche newly refurbished JollyScholar. Lacer in cecm, the Queens' Bench Michaelmas Dinner saw the return of His HonourJudge Stuart Bridge. whQ was able to provide some inceresringanecdoces from his nascenc judicial career. Finally, congraruladons are in order for boch Dr Solene Rowan on the birch of her second child, Theodore, and co che emwhile Mt Fenciman on his elevation to a Chair. President: James Hollingshead; Vice-Presi.dent: Sindhuja Shriananda; Sea¡etary: Hannah Dixie; Social Secretary: Paulina Corbecis: ,'vfaster efMoots: Sam Goodman.

Buuks buught with a grantfiwn QCOEF - a pruject in Uganda. and challenging process co allocate funds, buc we Committee members arc at lease safe i.n chdcnowledge that wherever the money goes, it will be helpiog someone in need benefit from a better education chan rhey would otherwise have. In chis respect, we have perhaps the easiest job of them all! Hannah Dixie

TSociety Today's T Society has proved a worchy successor co its former incarnations as che D, E and FF Societies. Chatham Holl$e rules, lively debate, excellent attendances and good humour have been ac the heart of the meetings at which the Society provides a rare opponunity for Fellows and Scudents to meer. We arc particularly delighted co welcome so many Graduate Students. This year's programme began with Honorar)' Fellow Sir David Walker (1958) who gave a topical and searching presentation entitled "Ts Capitalism failing?" The Michaelmas Term opened wich our now uadicional meeting under the banner of"Whac are chose Young Fellows up co?" This introduced the newly admitted Fellows and gave chem an opportunity to talk about their research intereHs and expertise. Presentations on Classics, English. Education, Plane Sciences and Medicine made for an excellent evening. We then invited Professor John Robertson, Fellow of Clare College and Professor of the Hjscory of Policical Tho11ght, to speak. Hi.~ tide, ~The Enlightenment, does it conrinue ro mareer?" -ranged across the work of David Hume and Adam Smith to a comemious modern review of the enlightenment period. We look forward to welcoming Sir David Edward KCMG, QC, former Judge on rbe Courc of First Instance and rhe Courr ofJusrke of che European Communities co speak on "The European Courts and the LanguageofRighrs" and Dr Hilary Allison (1981) Policy Director, The Woodland Trust co ask the question, "Who Needs Foresrs, Lee Alone Public Ones?" Dr DianaHenderso-,.z

QED - Engineers' Society Th.e first event organised by QED chis year was a ralk &om Prof Robert Cipolla (aco-founderofQED), who came to cell us about hisworkoncomputervision. The talk was very interesting and chere was a good turnout ofengineers. This year's field trip was co the facilici~ of Ocado ( the grocery delivery company). We were given a tour of their fully au co mated warehouse, and learnt about the various control syscems they have in place which allow chem co efficiently gee customer orders &om the shelv~ co their house. Privacy reasons prevent me saying coo much more abouc ic, but I can say chat the only non-computerised pare of the system was the packing of che bags, which is scW done by hand (a few members of QED even goc to have a go!). The highlight of the year was undoubtedly the Annual Dinner, which was ably organised by the outgoing Committee members. 1here was a suo11g ttu:nout from all years, many tales were told and a new Committee was elected by what was cssemially a cheering march. W.ich more events being planned, including a nighr our with MedSoc and more talks from Fellows, ~ol~ is looking like another good year for QED. President: James HelliweU; Vice-President: Sarah Paige; Social Secretary: Marios Fournarakis; Tiu:surer-. Dr Graham McShane, Lawrence Baynham.

Erasmus Society- Historians' Society The Erasmus Society has hosted a variety of eminent s~akcrs chis year. These included Pcof David Loades, who addressed the Society on che topic of the Marian persecutions, which was followed b)' a livdr Q&A session. Prof David

The Medical Society Garden Party in Old Cout¡t.

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The :zou Medical Society Dinner andAGM.

The Medical Society The Medical Society's year began with che Annual Dinner, to which we were pleased co welcome Professor David Haslam as che pre-dinner speaker. As a former President of The Royal College of General Practitioners and rhe President-elect of che BMA, he gave a very inceresring calk abouc che role of generalises in medicine today. Dinner was held in Old Hall after che talk and drinks reception, and the night ended with che announcement of che new committee, and the Society's traditional after-dinner entertainment, which. rather surprised che unsuspecting first years (and Professor Haslam!). Lacer in Lene Term we held a ralk jointly wich che University Psychiatry Sociery. 'Personal Accouncs of Mental illness: given by the authors Joanne Limburg and Gwyneth Lewis. This rurned ouc co be a very insightful evening. Easter Term began with a joint calk with rhe Bernard of Claicvamc Theology Socitey, given by Dr Alasdair Coles. As boch a neurologist and a priest, he was in che perfect position to talk about 'God and the Brain; and the evening was very well attended. There was also the pre-exam takeaway nighc, co calm nerves and give advice. Ir is unlike! y diat rhe President of rhe Society aided by Hannah al-Yousuf will ever cycle through town carrying so much Mexkan food again! After exams che Garden Party was a lovely relaxing afternoon (for everyone bur rhe Committee!), and wenc wdl a.li:er a last-minute relocation co Old Court, newly arrived dodgems having taken over Erasmus Lawn. In rhe Michaelmas Term we welcomed borh the freshers and cwo speakers to College. Suffice it co say rhe welcome for che freshers wcnr rather coo spectacularly, bur l think everyone had fully recovered by che t.i me the speaker meetings started a couple of weeks later! The fuse speaker, Dr Raj Aggarwal, talked about the use of simulators in the training of surgeons. The second. Dr David Bainbridge, rhe University's Clinical Veterinary Anaromisr, spokeabour the natural history of teenagers. This talk proved co be very enrerraining! We're now looking forward to next year's cvencs, beginning with a talk on curing cancer by Dr Paul Bambrough. and rhen rhe nexr Annual Dinner, to which Lord Bernard Ribeiro, a former President of l11e Royal College of Surgeons, is coming to give a lecture. President: SllsaonaJamkson; Secretary: Uonll Mehta; T,¡eas,wen Hannah AJYousuf; Social Secretary, Tom Moore; First Year Rep: David Johnsron; Second Year Rep: Richard Moon; Vet Rep: Siobhan Cox; Webmaster: Will Scott.

Already, che end of ilie Michaelmas Term has seen our annual Welcome Dinner; less formal chan rhe lacer in-the-year Annual DinnC'r, this was held in the nearby curry house 'The Mahal'. From next year it will be schedu led in the week following Freshers' Week, so as to familiarize chc First Years with the resr of rhe NarScis in Queens' after iliey have already seeded in with their own year. ln the Lene Term weekly study groups are planned. This will mean char somewhere in College :ind and 3rd ye.ars from various areas of the Natural Science spectrum will be present; 1st and :ind years can chen mm up and seek assisrance on supervision work and lecture obscurities. Ongoing through che year will be the creation of rhe Milner Society website - one key use of which will be as a source of information for the upcoming First Years over rhe summer. Also planned is the writing ofa constitution, currently believed never co have existed before. Towards rhe end of chis year will come the Annual Dinner. Open co the entire Nacural Science community he.re in Queens: the night will truly mark rhe return of, and continuation of, the Milner Society. President: Jordan Norris; Vice-President: Laurence Bargery; Year repwentati.ves: Amy Juden, Sophie Mitchell, Will Bradshaw, Mathilde Spiess, Dave Small, Mary Ann Rhiemus, Will Pearmain

The Bernard of Clairvaux (Theological) Society Fotmded by Charlie Bell in the academic year of 1.009-2010 and continuing to be run by scudenrs, the Society is now in irs third year. The Society holds approximardy 6ve calks in a year, cwo in Michaelmas and Lene Terms respectively and one talk in the Easrer Term- The cal.ks are, strictly speaking. academic in nature, however the issues raised are usually ones char. lead ro a

Milner Society - The Natural Scientists' Society Towards the end of the lase. academic year, che Society was almost forgotten and not for the first time. A previous attempt to revive it and to recover it from r_h e ashes of 1964 was made by Professor Hayhurst in 1996. Bearing rhe name of the extraordinary Queensman Isaac Milner, in irs active years rhe Queens' College Natural Science subject socjety was responsible for bringing relevant and fascinating speakers into College, not to mention the or1,,anisarion of the occasional social evenr for Natural Sciemiscs. To keep up wirh the present, while still honouring ics past. chc direction of the Society is now more cowards academic support and social integration so, le.l.vi.og the speeches ro rhe University-wide Natural Science societies, chis year's calendar is direcced exclusively at iliose two aims.

St Bernard ofClairvaux - roofboss in the Great Gate.


Queens' College Record 2012 lot of discussion and debate. As such, perspectives given are ofren as much political or philosophical as theological. Our driving ethos is co provide a forum for the discussion ofdifficult and contentious matcers in which religion and religious teaching has an important inAoence and bearing. This academic year (2011-2012) our pcogramme was constructed loosely around the idea of 'Big Questions' in Religion. A major calk given was on 'God an.d the Brain' by Revd Dr Alasdair Coles, an MS specialist at Addenbrooke's and an ordained priest - chis drew an enormous crowd, and sparked a stimulating and detailed discussion. The meetings of the Sociery this last term have welcomed Professor George Ncwlands and Ds Charlie .Bell on the respective needle issues 'Human Rights' and 'God and Gay Sex'. Attendance for both was very pleasing, .and shows promising growth from lase )•ea.r's core to an audience that was both inrer-collegiace and incer-disciplinary. Formally these talks followed che same mucrure, discussing the ways in which the Church has acted as a vehicle for the preveJ1tion or facilitation of persecution of dilferenc groups of people. The increased diversity of viewpoincs of those attending fostered a very encouraging breadth of debate. The meetings of che Bernard of Cla irvaux Society in the Lene Term will be covering the· copies of 'Meneal Health' (The Revd Bruce Kinsey, a chartered psychotherapist and reacher who has written on the relationship between religious teaching and healing processes) and '1he interface between religion and science' (The Revd Professor Dr John Polkinghorne, che eminent theoretical physicist, Life Fellow and ex-President of Queens' College). Convenurs: Charlie Bell and Harry Vanner

An exhibi1 in the A.rt ExhibitiiJtl.

The Arts Festival A Queens' College Arts Festival ran for the very 6rsr time i.o February and proved to be a wonderful success. Bringing together a range of different arts and societies from Queens: the Festival.offered a diverse range.ofevents, all free of charge. Ir began with a singing workshop by the end of which parricipanrs were able co perform a concert, insrancly engaging people in rhe Festival. The workshops continued throughout the week, encouraging people to have a go at photography, drawing and different types of dance. Opponunities t0 find our more about the architecture of College and a chance ro discover what's hidden away in the Old L ibrary were provided, with several tours running throughout rhe week. Even with allrhis going on the musical side of chc festival was thriving with rccirah, the College's much loved Candle Club open mike night in the.Bar and the event 'Synaesthesia; which combined lighcs and music in rhe Chapel. Lights and colour were used to create a visual inrerpre:rarion of the music, appealing co both rhe sight and hearing of the audience. This was only one concert in a week full of c.xciring evencs, including an 'Arcs themed lunch; in cbe Buttery, which involved an Arts Festival take over at lunchtime witb music and dancers, much to thc delight of the members of College eating their lunch! Following the great success of d1e first Arts Festival, another festival will be ruoning during week five of the Lene Term 2012. Combining a huge range of calenr throughour the week, with classical music and acoustic performances. 61m, conrempo.rary dance, poecry and drama all featuring in even.rs, rhe second festival will 'be sure ro continue rhe legacy of cl,e first, encouragi11g as many people as possible to gee involved.

Queens' Arts Seminar 'Cambridge's friendliest seminar' continues to attract a broad range of new research acro$S the arts, as well as correspondingly d iverse audiences who ensure rhe lively discussion and inrerdisc-iplinacy ex.c hange of ideas for which the seminar is kuown. Lene Term 2ou saw a srringof papers by Junior Research Fellows: Dr Rowan Boyson (King's) exam med rhe age-old debate of happiness versus pleasure in relation co the poetry ofWordsworth, Dr Rebecca \Xl'eir (Jesus) shared rhe resulcs of her investigation inro an African-American newspaper during rhe American CivU War and Dr Sarah Howe (Gonville & Caius) presented her fascinating research into represenrations ofdreamingand rh_e epistemology of sleep in Jacobean Britain. Dr Lucy Delap (Sr Catharine's) rounded off a varied (and all-female!) term with a paper exploring the curious place of Burmese women in the nineteenrh-ccnrury British imagination. Harrier Phillips and Nacasha Moore:, the convenors for 2010-11, invited rwo of Queens' own scholars to complete the year's programme in the Easter Term. Doctoral student Ryan Dobran guided his listeners through the labyrinthine work of Cambridge poet J. H. Prynne a.o d Dr Richard Rex plunged into controversy wich his provocatively tided paper 'Misreading Master More: More, sex, and heresy'. The speakers foe the Michaelmas Term 2.011 included new and established scholars: Dr Lorna Finlayson (King's) inrroduced us ro 'Philosophical Political Criticism; Prof. Peter Mancilec ( Caius) discussed the scateofHiscoryeducacion in .British schools, and our own Dr. David Bucrer6eld tracked Lucretius' De Rerum Mztura through the ages. Each engaging seminar has had a pleasing rurn our and stimulating discussion. We look forward ro next term's lineup of interesting talks, drawn from che convenors' different disciplines: History of Art, Modern Languages and Classics. Committee far 2010-11: Harrier Phillips (3rd year PhD, English); Natasha Moore (3rd year PhD, English). Committee far 2ou-12 Susannah Brooke (3rd year PhD, History); Amy Li (2nd year PhD, MML);· Tamer Nawar (Fd year PhD, Classics)

Travis Rllnstanley, Robyn Lowe

The Art Society The focus of our Society has been to continue rhe hard work ou,: predecessors initiated: this has included regular life-drawing classes as well as a visit to d,e FinwilliamMuseWl1. Life-drawing classes have welcomed students from ocher colleges, and the Society is consequently to an extent now inrer-collegiare. The Society has also bee,~ organ ising an exciting idea: a photography project called 'Cambridge Faces; organised at rhe FirzwUl.iam Museum and the Cambridge Union. Several phocographers will be presencing their imerprecarions of 'English Icons' from cloches co food, designs, and buildings, rhar are all English. The works will be presented at the Finwilliam Museum and at the Cambridge Union (open co the public). The Society will be raising money for three charities: the Affinity Project, a Cambridgebased scudenc organization dedicated ro providing financial and pastoral support to a secondary comprehensive school (Harris Academy, Purley in Croydon) affected by both the recent cues co educacion and che riots char rook place in Ju ly 2011, Leukaemia & Lymphoma Research, and Childhood, which provides homes and education to mistreated chUdren all over the world. All portraits will be for sale, and all profics will be equally divided between the charities.

Bats 2ou was a year characterised by diversity. Not only was the quality of the pe.rfonnances consisrendy mong, but studencs with far-ranging levels of experience were given the opportunity ro srage their ideas, resulting in a pleasing patchwork of genres. 1l1e Lent Term opened with rave reviews and superb audiences for Samuel Beckett's Endgame, masterfully directed by Celine Lowenthal. The numbers arrending the devised late show William Fergus Ste111art: The Revival were sad ly fewer, bur the show (suitable dubbed 'a masterpiece of madness') was an explosively original piece ofnew wricing. Later in term saw the Hr-cpat welcoming ro the stage Friedrich Diirrenmatc's The Physicists (directed by Queens' student Emma Syea) and the annual Medics' Rev11e. The tragic twist of Diirrenmarr's comedy was in stark contrast to that of rhe aspiring doctors: however borh shows were a resounding success.

Thurstan Redding

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Easter Term 2011 saw the arrival of our new Director of Music, Dr. Sila$ Wollston, Principal Keyboard Player foe and Assistant Conductor of The Monteverdi Choir and English Baroque Soloiscs. To Queens: Silas has brought his love for and expertise in Baroque mosic, and he immediaccly sec about establishing 'Baroque Evensongs' at which the Choir and congregation could be exposed co 17th and 18th Cemury music with in a ljturgical context. Despite this focus, the general repertoire of the Choir remains very broad, as demonstrated by the ex~ellenr singing of Britten and Gowers at the Commemoration of Benefactors Service in June. At the end of the academic yea:r, the Choir bade farewell r.o a number of choral scholars and volunteers, and to Jemima Stephenson, organ scholar, who has taken up the organ scholarship of Peterborough Cathedral. Michaelmas Term 2.011 was the busiest in a l.ong rime, beginning with a conce.rc as pan of a festival celebrating the work of composers Charles Villiers Stanford (Queens' 1870) and Herbert Howells. Recltals were given by che chapd choirs ofuinicy, King's and St. John's Colleges, and Queens' presemed a programme ofobscure and challenging part songs by both composers. Alongside conducrors- Silas Wollston, Alexander Berry and Suzi Digby, the Choir fdc especially privileged to be directed by Sir David Willcocks, who presenrcd Howells' setting of George Herberts poem S111eetest ofsweets, for whkh he was the dedicatee. Organ solos were given by Alexander Berry and new organ scholar, Nicholas Morris, whom we welcomed from Uppingham School. Further events in the Michaelmas Term included singing at the annual muster of the Order of the Fleur-de-Lys, Remembrance Sunday, an All Souls Requiem Service and the Advem Carol Se.rvice. The term ended with a weekend cour to Belgium, singing a concert in Si.nt Baafs-Kathedraal in Ghem and at mass in Brussels Cathedral. Plans for the future include recording a CD of music for Advent on Orehid Classics as wdlas concerts in Budapest, Sieged, Kecskemet and at La Madeleine i11 Paris. While che Choir at Queens' is not yet a household name, visirors co the College continue ro remark on che quality and muskalicy of our singers, of whom the college has the right to feel justly proud. Parcicul.ar ch.an.ks must be given for the concinued support ofLord and Lady Eatwell, Dr. Holmes and the chapel community as a whole. Alex Berry

'Schoolfar Scandal' in Cloister Court - the Bats play. A big departure from tradition came in the form of rhe May Week show, with che new Commicree deciding for che fim rime for many years ro opt our of Shakespeare and cowards pastures new, in che form of Richard Brinsley Sheridan's Schoolfa,· Scandal. 'TI10ugh in its run up the show was riddled with misforcune (rupturingappcndicesincluded), the case and crew pulled rogecher co produce a run filled wich gusto, wigs and wonderful melodrama. Ali:ec the summer break Bats returned in the Michaelmas Term with a triumphant performance of Sondheim's Swemey Todd. Though it elicited one of che mosr conreutiously unfair reviews of the year, the artistic and technical talenr on display was incredible (the ejector chair being a particular highlight). In comparison wich the swelling crowds the Barber brought, audience numbers for the [are show - Improvised C_omedy Enrs' Ice Queen were comparatively fewer, but the performers still managed to entertain their crowd. The year was rounded off with both the innovative and che iconic: Ced Mourkogiannis and Heather Williams re-wrote a classic in their Oedipus/ Where Three Roads Meet, a beauriful piece of metatheatre that challenged both its audiences preconceptions and its own genre. The performance worked in great contrast with rhe late show, Harold Pinter's Celebration, which gave new director Craig Slade the opporcuniry to try his hand, and with slick results. Full of both laughter and sincerity, the show met with the positive response it highly deserved. Mer such a busy yet successful year, it only remains to thank the CommJttee, and the wonderful technical team, for their cominuing hard work in ensuring that Bats and irs shows ace a success. President: Rachd Wilkinson

Christian Union So, zou-2012 has been a great year for Queens' College Christian Union. 'Main Evem' zo11 was very successful with rhe cheme 'Truch': how the truth of the Good News ofJesus really does have the power co sec us free. We held a cheese and wine launch event attended by locs of freshers and a number of people investigated che claims ofChristiarury for themselves in pairs or in small groups. There was a cencrally-run 'dig deeper' course exploring Christianity, held in che Round Church. In the Michaelmas Term 2.011, we ran rwo 'te).1: a coastie' evenrs. In essence, our friends in College would text in a question abour che Bible, God or Christianiry along with a choice of coastie filling, which members of the CU would deliver along with our best attempt at an answer. One of the highlights of the year for us has definitely been our getaway co Lemon Hall wich Christ's, Pembroke, and Jesus Colleges before the start of Mich ad mas Tem1: several freshers came along, which was encouraging, and we bad a really great rime looking into the Bible for ourselves, earing lots of great food and going go•carting. Go-carting rurned our to be a bit coo exciting foe Tom Sparrow who forgot the instructions to wear sleeves whilsr l.n the go-cart:

Chapel Choir For the Chapd Choir, 2011 began with an interregnum period between Directors ofMusic. The Choir was run by organ scholars Jemima Stephenson and Alexander Ber;y whose progress was overseen b)' Lady Eacwcll throughout che term. For the organ scholars, ha~ing responsibilir)' for the Chapel Choir's three weekly choral services and ambitious music list was a baptism of fire, and ir is a testament co the commitment of our choral scholars and volunreers that the Choir succeeded in maintaining a high level of music-making throughout the lent Term. Ironically, the season of Lenr rook up only a very small part of the Lent Term irself, which gave rhe Choir a chance co build up its standard repertqire and rake part in 'sound-building' workshops, led by Lady Earwell. The Term's larger projects included learning Jonathan Dove's new MMsa Brevis, Leight0n's Second Service and William Harriss sublime double-choir anthem, Faire is the heaven. Other highlights included a Joint evensong with Peterhouse Chapel Choir, the annual Battle of the Choirs event at the Presidenr:s Lodge, and the Lodge (ecital. at which choral scholars sang Victoria's motet, 0 quam gloriosum.. During the Easter Vacation, instead of rouring, rhe Choir cook up residence at Exeter Cathedral for a week. working on Lemen music for four evensongs.

Lady Eatrue/l, Dr· Wollston and Sir David Willcocks after conducting rhe Choir. 58


Queens' College Record 20I2 some prerry impressive burns followed which remamed peeling on his arms for a number ofweeks! More recently several of us have remrned from the CICCU house party and are aU set for our next intercollegiate Main Even.c: Real. Life. College Representatives: Mark lewis and Alison Smith

Contemporary Dance This year has seen Queens' Contemporary Dance take on another strong contingent of beginner and intermediate dancers. Adele Thompson, our Dance Artist in Residence, has been hard at work with borh rechnical classes on Fridays -and choreography workshops on Sarurdays. QCCDS now has a strong cohort of members from Queens', from other Cambridge colleges and even from the world of employment - we even have one dedicated dancer travelling in from Bedford each week! LenrTerm 2.on saw.Q CCDS rake pare in rhe first Queens' Arrs Festivalan event that prove<! a great success and one we would be happy to participate in again. Once again we put on our annual performance - Sprung! - in Queens' Fitzpatrick HalL An intimate performance, it saw QCCDS members, as well as local street dance group SinCru and even a tap dance duo, rake co rhe srage for two nighcs. It was a lovely evening, showcasing talent from across Cambridge. Plans are once again being put in morion for the 2.oa performan.ce of Sprung! President: Abi $micron

The Dial

At the Halloween.Bop.

The Dial continues a.~ the Queens' College based creative writing magazine, publishing fresh and exciting pieces written by studencs from across the University. lt serves to encourage students ro explore and enjoy chis form of creative output. 'Ihe unt, May Weck and Michaelmas editions thi.s year have experimented with design and illustrations co compliment the chosen poems. Th:is development has partly ste.m.med from The Dial's involvement wicb the Queens' Arts Festival of Lehr 1011, when The Diltl worked wirh rhe Arts Festival Committee on an event named 'Synaesthesia; which blended poetry and visual arc. The Dial will also rake part in the Queens' Arcs Festival of ~ou. where, among performances from other Queens' societies, contribmors co I/.,e Dial will read their work to an audience in Old HalL Isabel Keating

In the new academic year we decided ro cut the number of bops down from seven co 6ve per cerm so chat we could focus our efforts more on each bop. This seems co have worked well as all bur one of the Michaelmas Term bops was a great success. One worth a particular mention involved the bringing in ofa drag troupe called DENIM ro perfocm.; chis bop was so successful rhar we had to turn quire a lot of people away on the door and everybody said it was an excellent night. Presidenc: Aleks Piorrowski; Vice-President:Jay Mehta; 1i·ea,11rer: Jonathan Graham; Technical Director: Oliver Duff; Head of Design: Wai-Chuen Cheung; Publicity: Faye Presland & N.1rasha Newey: Decor: Hannah Vassallo; 1#bmaster: Ken Lim

QEnts Queens' Films

Enrs has had ics ups al)d downs chis year, as does any college society, but overall at the end of 2ou Queens' Ems is doing well. The Lem Term saw the last bops of the 6utgoing1010-11 Committee which enjoyed varying degrees of success. Two of rhar rerm's planned bops had robe cancelled as ir was realised chat they would not draw a big enough student crowd. However, the 'Silent' .Oisco, held at one of the clubs in Cambridge, was very popular as wa.~ cbe ever-popular end ofcecro bop 'Sec You Free'. In the Easter Term the new Committee decided to cry something different and had a 'battle of the bands: bringing in some student bands from around the University ro perform and giving che students something a bit more mellow during exam revision time. After exams, of course, we held the annual event 'Bounce' (which may be known as the 'JCR BBQ and Bounce' to some) 0 11 Erasmus Lawn which was a huge success completely selling our of tickers. llus year we had sumo suits, a gladiator battle and a huge 6sft inAatable obstacle course for everyone co enjoy.

Queens' College Film Club has continued ro broaden the cinematic horizons of rhe College in 2.011. We have sho\vn a vast array of films. from explosive blockbuster classic Die Hard with a Vengeance co slow-bum Argentine thriller The Se,ret in their Eyes. 1ltis year ~-aw the transition from President Adam Wh itehead co che novel co-presidency ofBenjamin Smith and Emily Carlton. Under chis new leadership the Club has continued irs ferveoc crusade co che promised land of quality cinema. The supposed pinnacle of the club's success (a no-holds-barred outdoor screening of Mesozoic megamovie]umssic Park) was foiled by the temp~sruousJy unpredictable British weather. Though heavy rain saturaced Erasmus Lawn, it failed co dampen che resourceful spirits of the Clubs co-presidents. A hascy cransp)anr co the Fitzpatrick HaJJ drew Film Club's biggest crowd chat year. The Club has continued regular screenings of cinematic gen,s during the 2.on-12. academic year, bringing in a burgeoning crowd of freshers and old faces alike. Co-Presidents: Benjamin Smith and .Emily Carlton: Publicity: Luke Lychgoe

Graduate Choir After a well-attended Summer Graduate Concert in the capable hands of Will Midgdy, Theresa Dahm a.nd Rogicr van Dalen, the reins were passed ro a new ream. Our considerable rh.aoks go co these three for rheir two years careful nurturing which saw the choir grow co the 30-strong ensemble char it is today. The Graduate Choir continues to demonstrate ics Aair for the eclectic. The Michaelmas Graduate Concert included pieces ranging from California Dreamin' co Gaudete and was warmly received. Furrher nocable performances in the concert on the day included rhe welcome return of Chris Hill with Rachmaninov's Mqmenu Musica1<:o: and Rob Baldock playin.g from the Bach Ce.llo suires. The new encry of Vishnu Papinen·i on che piano and Laughlin MacSuibhne on the violin were a great addition and we look forward to their future contributions chis year. The Choir was in high demand jn the Michaelmas Term, ·singing at che rellows' Chrisrmas parry, the Staff Carol Concert and at a private function and, of course, sweetly serenading the MCR before the MCR Chcisrmas Formal Hall, wb.ich is no,v becoming a yearJy tradition. Many members of che

BattleoftheBands,Le11&2ou- agmduategroup.

59


Food at the May Ball. Choir have learnt 1he Boar's Head Cal'ol which we hope to use at the next Christmas Poem:\!. Kind thanks go to Suzi Digby (Lady Eatwdl), who gave up time co cake the Choir for an inceru;ive vocal training session early on in the term. We will now provide the Fellows' Choir stiffcompetition ac che 'Battle of the Choirs' comest in rhe President's Lodge later chis year (though, having narrowly Jose our lase year in a very dubious voting system, we suspect the result can be predicted now). Further highlights in the upcoming year include singing Queen's Bohemian Rhapsody and 11,e.Lion King ac rhe Queens' Graduate Lene Concert. Enormous thanks are due co Alex Davan-\Vetton for his seeding work caking over as rhe eon,duecor for the Choir and Peter Logg for stepping up to accompany the Choir on the piano. With such strong musical ears taking the rehearsals this promises co be a good year. President: Matthew Fright; Vice-President: Conor Daly; Secreta1y: Brendan McCormick

0/4 Courtdming the May Ball RAG, Queens'-Clare Overseas Education Fund, and the Enabling Fund. It is hoped that a larger committee will allow for more events to be put on in Queens; with the proceeds being divided between che three organisations, rather than having different causes competing to persuade srudenrs ro part with their pennies. 'Charity handcuffing' cook place in che Michaelmas Term - named buckets were placed in the bar, and after one week, chc two srndencs with the most money were handcuffed together for Jl- hours. A 'Kid's Party Formal; complete with balloons, coys, sweets, and of course jelly and ice-cream, raised money for Children in Need, and was enjoyed by all The Ribena disappeared q11icker than the wine! The RAG team even worked at a bop, adding the paymenr to our t0tal for the year. As well as the ever popular Blind Dace, several Queens' teams participated in the university-wide ]ailbreak: at which pairs are sponsored to ger as far away &om Cambridge as possible in 36 hours. Eight third-year srndcncs from the same friendship group raised over faooo by setting up a 'betting system: whci:e spoosors were entered into a prize draw if they correctly guessed the team which wenr on co rravel farthest. The 'winners' of the bet, Travis \Vinscanley and Sarah Brucklaud,made ir all the way to southern Spain, while ochers Jeanit that truck drivers aren't ever so keen to p·p·p-pick up a penguin! Many thanks to everyone who donated their time or money to RAG oveJ the past year. Ir is hoped char in the next year we can organise and promote even more evencs, maincaini,1g Queens' status as a RAG-friendly college. Q!,eens'RAG Rep zoio- u: Haunah Miller

May Ball Tuesday 21 June 2011 - anticipation for chis years Ball was kicked off in January, when cickecs sold out i1' a record 2minuccs 4oseconds once on general release. Loosely themed around Heaven and Hell, every court of the 'Dack Side' of College was transformed. Approaching ,he day, headliners Bomba,· Bicvcle Club were annow1cecL supported by the up-and-coming Alex Clare. Queens' maintained its reputation as an all round quality ball, with food and drink a·plency throughout rhe nighr: celebrity Jell)•-Mongers' Bompas aud Parr conjured up bespoke jellies in Old Hall and Liquid Nitrogen lee Cream in Old Court, whilst gucscs sipped on Hendrick's served from teapocs! Dodgems. Laser Quest and an array ofgames throughout the courts proved popular too! 2013 sees 100 years of May Balls at Queens: and promises ro be one of the most spectacular shows yet! Alumni are warmly invited to arrend, and details will bedisrributed in io13.

Jacob Bmbcrt

Photographic Society The Phorographic Society exists as a forum for photographers in Queens' to discuss all things photography-related. Since the purchase of a new camera last year, members of College have been able to make use of our very own Nikon SLR. Alongside rhe Colleges darkroom, which continues robe stocked and used, this has meant anyone in Queens' can cake their own photographs, digi.tally or manually. Year-on-year little has changed; che fixtures in the calendar continue co include the spring term buttery exhibition, with a dozen exhibits from Queens' undergrads and postgrads ranging from city panoramas to well-timed snaps of beach-induced aces of athleticism, and the talks and workshop over the period of the Queens' Arts Festival. This year scc;s the remrn of Duncan Grisby, e.x-Presidenc of rhc Society, to lead a nude photography short course in the Fitzpatrick Hall. President: Tom Clacke

St Margaret Society As always the past year has been exmmely busy for the Sr Margaret's Society (MagSoc). An enthusiastic Committee has been hard at work organising not only rhc traditional MagSoc concercs, but a hose of additional events. The recital series still runs on a Monday evening, either in the Chapel or Old Hall. The Lene Term programme was almost,entirely vocal, feamring performances from four of rhe College's choral scholars, as well as ocher performances by members of the Chapel Choir. The Queens' College Chamber Choir, Consortium Reginae, performed a concert of American music e11titled 'One Small Step' as part of d1c Queens' Arts Festival. The programme fearnred Gershwin's Summertime and Igot plenty efm,ttin', as well as a spirited rendition of Copland's I Bought kle ,1 Cat. The Michaelmas Term recitals began with a showcase of the wide variety of music caking place at Queens: featuring

RAG 2010-11 saw some big changes to charity fundraising in Queens. with the establishment of 'Queens' Charities; a committee amalgamation of Queens'

60


Queens' College Record 20I2

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magsoc The poster/01· the St Marga,·et Society Lent Teim concert.

ConductotJ ~/the May Weekconcnt. Leftt() t·ight: Matthe111 Benton, Sarah Paige, G·egLiddington, Karoi]a111orski.

making che event all the more entertaining (despite having to retreat from Erasmus Lawn co the Bar as rhc English summer proved to be predictably unpredictable). There will be another ch,rnce to purchase one of our jackets and those interesred should email Simon Cooper at seq1@cam.ac.uk. Futun: events include the Lent Dinner On March 1nd, the garden party on June 16th and rhe Michaelmas Dinner on October l7th. Members should also be aware that there arc plans for new events sucl1 as a \Vh iskey Tasting and an evening of wine and jazz with the Golden Roses. Should any Old Boars wish to re-establish contact, thtn the Society's email address is silverboars@ gmail.com P1·e1ident: Adam Sullivan; Vice-P.-etident: Simon Cooper; TreaJ1m,1·: George lliingworrh; Secretary: Juscin Bishop

chamber music. solo piano works and jazz. As well as a nwnber of classical song recitals, the series also featured a programme of ballads and a programme. of dners and solos from musicals and light opera. An undoubted highlight of the series was rhe outstanding performance by the Sranford Orchestra of rhe first movement of Beethoven's Symphony No. 7 and Y.·mghan \'{fillams' Wasps Overttm:, conducted by Edward Hughes and Lewis Owen. After che success of last year's summer concert and garden party, MagSoc once again held a May '\Veek concert. Unfortunately, gloom)' weather on the day meant we were unable co hold the garden parcy outdoors, but had rhe privilegeofusingthel-OngGalleryat theinvicacionofthePresident. Ex-MagSoc President Tom Green made an appearance at the party, cnccrcaining che guests with a selection of jazz·classics. The concert itself. a mixture of both choral and orchesrral works, was an excellent opportunity for novice conduccors co cry their hand, as well as displaying the calencs of Queens' musicians. As well as the Caprio! Suite and a selection of classic folk songs, including che sublime 1i11·tletkve by Vaughan Williams, the concert feacurcd a new composition b)' Matthew Benton (current Queens' undergraduate) A Fant4sia on a Round by Byrd. 111e summer concerts have proved to be extremely beneficial cowards our goal of funhering student conducting at Queens'. In fact, with the exception of the Chapel Choir concert, we can now b.o ast that all our conci;rcs are conducted by current Queens' undergraduates. The premiere of a wo,·k at the concert also sparked a venture to produce an entire concert of new works. This was achieved in the Michaelmas Term with a concert ambitiously titled Nerv Sounds, with compositions by undergraduates from across the Univer,~icy. As usual the MagSoc saw ouc the end of each rerm in scyle, with the traditional choral and orcl1csttal concert. The Chorus this year has been extremely strong, both in terms of numbers and more importantly vocaUy. In the Lent Term the cl1orus performed Haydn's rousing Miss,, inAngicitHs (Nelson Mass) under the direction of Lewis Owen. The piece itself features a vocally demanding operatic soprano solo, performed b)' Queens' l.llmnna Anna Gillingham. The concert also featured the incredibly complex Marcirm Oboe Concerto played wkh great flair by undergraduate Edward Hughes, as well as Haydn's famous Military Symphony conducted by Tom Morley. 1n rhe Michaelmas Term the Chorus cackled the first pare ofHandd's;v/miah, under the baton of Alex Davan-Werron, featuring Camilla B.iggs (Queens' Choral Schola,r) as the soprano soloisr. The concert also included Grieg's Holbc,-g Suite, directed by Karol Jaworski. ParticL1lac note, however, has co be made of the outstanding performance of Poulenc's Organ Concerto scarring Alex Berey, Queens' Senior Organ Scholar. Lacer in the rcrm Consortium Reginae, w1dcr the direction of Lewis Owen, performed Benjamin Britten's stwming.A Ceremony ~/Carols in the intimate candlelit setting of the Chapel. President: Lewis Owen·; Vice-President: Sara Anderson; 7i·eamre,~ William Oram; Secretary: Gregory Liddington

The Stanford Orchestra The Stanford Orchcscra is enjoying an exrremely successful year. Jusc 18 months after its inception. che Orchestra is already a firm fixture in rhe musical life of rhe College. O,·er chc past 12 months concerts have continued to pull large crowds of both students and fellows. Moreover we are slowly bur surely expanding our membership, particularly among Pembroke and Pererhouse undergraduates. The Michaelmas Term conceccsaw Lewis Owen conduct Vaughan \Villiams' J;V,rsps Ovenure and Edward Hughes direct tbe first movemcnc ofBeerhoven's Seventh Symphony. The choice of repercoire was mer with great enthusiasm by rhe Orchestra. Such was the popularity of the pieces that ata few rehearsals we had more violins than we could lie on rhe altar steps of Chapel! The Stanford tradition of free food and wine at each rehearsal continues, and it is safe ro say that the Stanford Orchestra remains the most friendly orchescral group in Cambridge. Noc chat there is any compromise on musicality, however! Indeed, the positive feedback we received from concert-goers was overwhel.ming. Looking ahead, Bruckner and Sibelius fearure in che Lent Tenn concert, for which preparations are well underway. The Stanford Orchestra is now incorporated fuUy under the Magsoc banner, and next year will be run centrally, As a founder I am delighted wich rhe success the orchestra continues ro enjoy; and do hope char it will go from strength co strength in the coming years.

Ed111ard Hughes

Silver Boars bas been another successful year for che Silver Boars Dining Sociery. Each dinner saw members, old and new, and their guests enjoy sumptuous food and wine in the stunning setting of Old Hall. Some of the braver tried our signature drink - the 'B.lack Velvet' - certainly an acquired taste! The garden party coincided with the arrival ofour funcastic tailored jackers, 1011

1he Silver Boa1~, Summer :2oa.

61


The Development Record Donors to Queens' 2011 The President, Fellows, Students and Staff would like to thank all the Members and Friends listed below, who have generously supported chis College by making donations to Queens'. By the end of 2.on, 32.2. Queens' Alw.ini and Friends had notified us chat they have pledged a legacy to the College and they are now Members of the Arthur Armitage Society. The Fellowship is proud to acknowledge the depth of affection and esteem in which the College is held and we are pleased to record with thanks the receipt of seven bequests during the last year tota!Jing £ru,810. In wu, 936 donors collectively gave 3,014 gifts totalling £r.49m. A significant number of gifts came from small monthly and quarterly donations chat, when added together, help provide a solid source of funding. The Queens' 575 Campaign - Forging the Future

In che year 2.02.3 Queens' celebrates the 575th anniversary ofour foundation. To mark chis major milestone in our history we are launching The Queens' 575 Campaign, to forge the future of the College, to build on our long and distinguished record and to address the special challenges of che 21st century. Our pdocities are: • Teaching and Research • Students • General Funds and the Endowment Our aim is co raise £30 million from donations by the year 2.02.3 and, with generous gifts from a number of Members, we have already made a significant start. We are especially grateful to Dr Mohammed El-Erian (1977) and Mrs Jamie El-Erian for their support of a new Fellowship in Economics. We were also delighted with the response to our Annual Telephone Fundraisingprogramme. O ur current students that took part in Q ueens' Calling ,vere thrilled to have the opp ortunity co speak to Members about cheir time at the College and their careers. Many Members committed over the phone to modest, regular gifts which, when put together, provide significant support co the College. Thank you.

Lord Eatwell, President r936: The Rt RevdJ K Cavell; Mr RP Lester, MBE; Mr J C Phillips. 1937: Dr RH Whcder, FRCP. 1938: Dr J AC Gibson, OBE; Lr Col H Mainwaring, MC. r939= Mr BT Price, 1940: Dr G J Dickins; Mr JS Glass; Mr I L KeUlet: Mr RR Matthews; Mr W Tipler. 1941: Mr HG Baker;Mr DA Johnson.JP. r941: DrJ K Brown; Mr J L forh; Mr JG Kirtley: Dr G H Mann: Dr MD M Parkes Bowen; DrGJ Phillips; Mr AJE Rigby; MrT AG Silk. 1943: Dr WE Duckworth, OBE, FREng(Deceased); Dr JV Earle, MBE; Mr K V Larman; Mr KB Pearson; The Revd Canon R G Robinson; Mrf RWard.

1944: Mr W R Condliffe; MrJC M Currie, FRCS; Mr AG E Ease: The Revd Canon D R Graebe; Mr KE Maddocks; Mr K F Ridley. 1945: Jvlr RV Cross; Sir RonaldHalscead, CBE; Mr EH Ni.chols, CBE; Mr H W Symon$; Mr AD Wallis. 1946: Dr L Bailey, FSB; Professor R L Huclmcp, CMG, FRCS; Ca.prain MF Law, RN; DrJ TH Pick.JP; Mr W H L Porter (Deceased). 1947: Dr PBarnes: MrRMDugg.m (Deceased); Mr AEKing, OBE; Mr AE Salisbury; MrJD Salmon, FRCS, FRCOphrh: Mr VP Sams.JP: Dr FR Spink. 1948: MrJAAirey; MrWHCavill; Mr DA Collin; MrCJHuckscep; Mr) C .Kershaw (Deceased); Professor P Machias, CBE, FBA; t-.1r D RMelville; Sir Godfrey Milron-Thompson; The Revd A Nelson; Mr D T O'Neill; Mr JG Parry: Dr M CF Proctor; The Revd C PG Wodeman, 1949: Mr G C Band, OBE (Deceased); Mr BL Callaway; Mr J L M Denham; Professor C NHudson: Mr P Kenyon, FHA; MrA Llysrer; MrC Srock.ford; Mr JR Williams. 19so: MrJ RBuchanan; Mr J T Casr; Professor DA Chamberlain, CBE, KSG, FRCP FRCA; Dr J VGuy-Bray; Dr NE S Holden; Mr J H L Hopkin; Mc A G Kipps; Mr RS McConnell; Mr PP Richbell: Mr J M Riley; Mr K D Smith. OBE; MrA WWyacc. 19S1: The Rt Revd PJ BaU: Mr RC Braichwaire, FRHisrS, FCMl; Sir John Chalsrrey. FRCS: Th.e RevdJ L Charer; Professor RJ F Dellamofa; Mr JD de Pury; Mr TN Hudson, OBE; Mr MP Kershaw; Mr JR Madell; The RevdJ WM Miller; Mr JP Taberner, OBE; Dr R W Whirworrh; Mr F]Woodley. 1952: Mr E C Ashby; The Re Revd MT Ball; Mr M E Davies; Dr AP Dohrenburg; Mr RA Russian; Mr RS Targett; Mr WR F Urquhart. r953: Mr M G Barham; Dr PL Boardman; The Revd Canon PE Bustin; Dr CJ AJcphcort; Dr ER Niblett; Dr P M Phibbs; Professor ML V Pirceway; Dr M B V Robcrn: Professor A RSyson; Mr 1W Wd sh, FCA. 1954= Mr T J Blake; Dr AJ Boulcon: Mr PJC Dymoke-Marr; Mr IJ Forsyth; Mr J M Fox; Mr W G Harrfall, FRCS; Mr GE Hemmings; Mr FJ Hen.dcrson-Pcal; Mr F}Horsley; Mr KD MarshalJ; Mr APR Noble; Mr GS W Rowbotham; Mr RD Scholes; Mr W RSmith; Mr KR Tarchell; Dr D F E lhalJon; Mr R W Vaughan.-Williams. 1955: Dr GW Cook; Col Dr JO Crosse; Mr F B Deblcy; Mr FL Hall; Mr R PJoscclyne; Dr I B Lawrence; Mr PW Lee, CB.E; MrB J Livingston; Mr RT Suthedand; Mr M Woolveridge. . 19s6: Mr CF M Beddington; Mr RA Broughton, OBE; Mr AP Chamberlin; MrSG B Farrant; MrRJ Lindsay; Mr BJ Main; Mr DI Shaw; Mc P ESmith; Mr RF Streit; Mr DA Turner: Dr PT Warren. CBE. r9s7:.MrJ Chiene; Dr E Fiddy; Mr RFoStcr; Mr D Griffiths; Mr MD Grundy; TheRevd Dr RLHills; TheRevd LA Hubbard; DrDG IKingston;MrJ B Lamb; Mr NH W Lee, OBE; Mr RH C Linc!Jey: Mr E Macfadyen; Mc J B Moir-Shepherd, FRCS: Mr M J Rose; The Re Revd M Santer; Dr RA Scudamore; Mr RR Strand; Dr D A Thomas, QC; The Revd ll D Trehame; Mr RS Viner; Mr RJ Wellings. 1958: Mr AJ Aclidge, QC;MrJP LBarnes; MrPTBrass; Dr MM Crosse, FRCA; Mr CW Dyment; Mr NAE Farrow: Mr JD Perry; Mr BAM Piggott, OBE; Commander R K Pi.obey, FIEE: Mr A E Pusey; Mr D N Smedley; Sir David Walker; Mr BJ Walmsley. 1.959' Professor RE AJJsop, OBE, FREng; Dr N M Bark; The Revd W J Church; Mr MG Craddock; Mr W G Dufron; Mr DR Gooderson: The Revd Canon M J Grylls; Mr G A Hayter; Mr TD I Hoskison, FCILT: The Revd Dr MJ Langford: Mr CD Mackay; MrJ E Mallinson; Mr J Nutter; Mr C O'Kee8:e; Dr MB Rose: Mr LR H Smith, FSA: Vice Admiral Sir Robert Walmsley, RN, KCB. 1960 : Mr RJ Campbell, OBE,JP; Dr J H Dowson; Mr JFR Edwards; Professor J Freear; Dr T J M Horsfall; Mr AJ Keys; The Rt Hon. Sir David Latham, QC; Professor J H Lazarus, FRCP, FRCOG; Mr B E Loader; Mr P NS Moss; Mr .E RPacer; Mr RISmith;Mr N KS Wills FCA, rCT. FRSA. 1961: Mc PJBareau, CBE; Mr AM Bell;Dr MABond:MrJ RBransron; Mr DP G Cade, FCA; The Revd DC Casson: Dr AE \V Cooper: 'Mr MAJ Cordinglcy; DrJ CACraik; TheRevd RD de Berry; Mr AJEarl, FCIL, FRSA; Dr MJ B Farcbrother; Dr RAP Harrison; ProfessorJ AJupp, FRAeS, fREng; Mr P N Kidner; Mr CJ Kirwin; Mr EPP Lowinger; Mr J McCorn1ick: Dr J B Macdonald; Dr J F Macfarlane; Mr SH Mainwaring, FCA: Mr AC Nacht: Mr W 1 D Plaisrowe, FCA; Mr DJ Reid: Dr T J


Queens' College Record 20I2

The students 1/)h() v()umteered ti) telephone alumni. R.i.dsdill Smith; MrJ A Strculc; Mr A G Summers; Mr MB Tillm. QC; Mr R W Tolson; Mr J BWybrew, QBE; Dr J J Zwolenik. 1962: Mr P RAllen; Sir Peter Cresswell; Sir Andrew Crock.err; Professor J Digglc, FBA; MrCP RDyson; MrJ F Hamilton; Mr RA Kottler; MrJ K Lewis;DrJ DC Manin; Mr JIM Morrison; Mr RM Peskin; Mr JP Walmsley, FRCVS. 1963: Mr D RBlagg; Dr JP Canning; Dr G C Casey; Mr RJ Harni.g; Dr CD Heath; Mr .B Kileff; Mr RP King; Dr M 1-l Knorr; Dr DR Langslow, CBE; Mr RT Magson; Dr S S P Slatter; Mr PJ R $ouster; Mr R G \V.-u:d. 1964: Mr RC Booth; Dr BA Callingham, FRPhannS, HBiol; Mr RV G Evans; Mr DO Ewart-James; Mr RR Foulkes; .!vlr LC Gunn; Mr SH Halsall; Mr R OHillard; Mr J F C Hodges; Mr RM Isherwood; Mr M G Jackson; Mr M PJames; Mr R AKendall; The Hon.J A Kosltinen; Mr GA Landon; His HonourJudge Patrick W O'Brien; Mr G E Pipe; Mr D Thorp; Mr M Vavrinek; Mr A Woodward. 1965: Dr N C.Bactlett;JudgeJ A Cabranes; The RevdJ R Cardwell; Dr P Caunt; Mr D G Collinson; Mr PG D Dawson; Mr DB Dennis; Mr GE Donaldson; Mr RM Dunnert; Mr M R Fletcher; Mr WE M Godfrey; Dr PJ Gooderson; Dr RJ Hcanley; Dr C C Hird; Dr PW Hurst; Mr CJ Lacy; Mr J G Larkin; Mr H Lesser; Sir John Lewis, OBE; Dr JO Muhlhaus; Mr J H Nicholas; The Revd Canon J B Nightingale; Mr RA Page; Professor JD Pearson; Mr M J Pugh; Mr J M Reynolds; Mr J WM Rogers; Mr PG Shilsron; Professor A JC Topia; Mr LC Tuerk; Mr DA Turner, QC; Mr N Ul Haque; Mr I W Warburton; Mr MB Wisehcarr Jr. 1966: Mr NA S Andrew; Mr DJ Clemenrs; His Hon.our Judge P John Cockrofi:; Professor G K Das; Mr M HS Dawes; Dr RM Ell ice; Dr P A Gurbutt; Dr C H Hum: Mr SM Lees: Professor V M Oh, Mr AC Quale: Mr M CE Smrr; Mr J J RTalbot. 1967: Dr GT Cubitt; Mr ADryden; Mr DD Gram, FRSA; Mr J M Hatherly; Mr SJ Hills; Mr C PJenkinson; Dr AG McCullagh; Dr RM Miller; Dr CM Wong,FRCP. 1968: .Mr HJ Agnew; The Revd MM Edge; Mr PA Fanning; Mr D l Henson; Mr PJ H Kershaw; Mr BAJ Knott; Mr C H Marshall; The Hon. Justice J M Priestley; Mr P JWalker, FIET. 1969: Mr DP Ch.apman; Mr CG Cordy; Professor E MJ KDavis; Mr PJ Doyle. FRSA, FCA; Mr J I Francis; Mr CM C Bernson; Mr RJ Hughes; Mr D G Lcckey; Mr CG Peak; Mr MD Reilly; Mr D J Walker; Professor J C Whitehead, FRSC; Sir Mark Wrighrson.

May Bumps - before the race.

1970: Mr P Bohm; DcJN Bulmer, FRCA; Mr PR R Chapman; Mr A R Coleman; Mr PG Cox; .!v1r KN B D,mlop; Mr RA Greene; The Revd Dr D L Harper; Mr W J T Heard; Mr F H Maples; Mr G K Marsden; Mr TB Marus; Mr RJ C Millar, CB£; Mr AW Murray; Professor PT Roberrshaw, FSA: Dr PW Rose; Mr GE C Smith; Mr DE Thomas; MrAF L Warson, MVO; Mr P LJWeil; DrJ D Williams, FRCP. 197r: Mr N KAlston, CBE; Dr NH Bedford; His Honour Judge Neil Bidder, QC; Dr PD W .Bottomley; Dr PA.Brocklehurst; Dr MI Carter, FRCA; Mr JC Cass; Mr J A Charles; Mr NJ Cooksley, QC; Mr KJ Cornwall; The Revd Canon AJ Deboo; Mr SL Duffield; Dr PJ BFrith; Professor D RKatliil; Mr AW Lea; Mr M Livesey; Mr MAC Mono:eiffe; Mr RPS Philipps; Mr M H Quinlan; Mr D L Reid; Mr RJ Reid, FCA; Mr RA Sandler, CBE; Dr HJ Savill; Mr V KN Shah; Mr SR Shane: Mr DA Stork, FRSA; Mr C Thorne; MrJRWood. 197~: MrP LDoylc; MrJ SGaskell; Mr RDSutron. 197 3: Mr G Biron, FClI; Mr K J Costa; Mr P Hagenbuch; Mr CJ Hayward; Mr D EHucchinson:MrT AJac.kson;Dr P McKenna; Dr MJ O'Neill;MrJ E Robbs; Mr SD Rose; Mr DA Sinclair; Mr D dcB Welchman; Mr N WWells. 1974: Professor AR Grecn;Mr J C M-msfield; Mr NS G Swan. 1975: Mr RA Ahn1ad; Mr MD Anson; Mr CM Bown; Mr MP Burrows; Mr N K Cameron; Mr J A Crisp; Mr AJ Cupples; Dr D W Evans; Dr CM Foale, CBE; Mr RA Harley, FIMC; Mr N MJacobscn; Mr N Jakeman; Mr CR F Kemp; Mr MJ Kershaw; Dr EH Kitchen; Mr BJ Mitchell; .!v1r IC Morrison; Mr RH J Newey, FCIT; Mr SM G Norcross; Mr RA Perrin; Mr AC R Price, TD; Mr G ERobercs; Mr JA Robcrcs; Professor S G Robercs; Mr JD Schlichring; Professor A HR W Simpson; ProfessorJR Sneyd; MrJP Spencer; Mr G H Stallard; Mr SO Tagerud; Mr RL Thomas; Mr CJ Wyman. 1976: Mr N RE Cribb; Dr RJDavis, FRS; Mr AK Gupra; The Hon. T G K.ronmiller: Mr L M Loeb; Dr DJ McFerran; Mr K J Skea; Mr PG Smith; Mr AC Trenourh; Mr TM Whittle. 1977: Mr W J I Dodwell,FRSA; Dr M AEI-Erian; Dr AB Hawthorne, FRCP; Mr SH DJohnson; MrJ Navon; Sir Guy Newey, QC; Mr PD Ncwth. 1978: Mr CJ Arnold; Mr NS G Campbell; Dr PM Ellison; Mr RO LJagger; Mr M Katesmark, FRCS; Mr D .B Marshall, FCA, FCT; Mr D M Mulhaupt; Mr P] Rogers; Mr H C Snow; Mr T J Thompson; Mr J N White. 1979: Mr PA Bruce, PRAcS; Mr RA Bulchandani; Dr BR Cassell; Mr R G Caven; Mr HR Di.'(On; Mr J M Duck; Mr AR Hammerron;Mr SA Harmsworrh; Dr A Hong. FRCS. FAMS; Mr JP Howard; Mr NJ Knight; Mr B HG Mills, CBE; Professor E W Nye; Mr D C O'Donoghlle; Dr D C Parker; Mr AD Pomfret; Mr G Prescott; Mr P N Price; Mr D W Ratcliffe; Mr E D Sopher; Professor P Spufford, FBA; Mr NW Watrs; i\fr H Williams; Mr U Wippermann. 1980: Mrs HE Al-Yousuf; Ms M Bannerjee; Mr EJ Beale; Mrs E Bmoya Sparrow, FMM; Mr AJ Cla:<too; Ms D M E Cook; Mrs M Davies; Mrs L CS Denny;Dr KM Harvey; DrG LKaufmann; Dr A CLennard; Ms D J McLaren; Mr AJ CQuinn; MrsS RB Riley; Dr] CSargenr; Mrs LAH Sealy; Mr G FT Watrs; Ms J R Willett. 1981: MrJ H Aldersey-Williams; Dr H MAUison; Mr PJH Almond; Dr M S Bradnam, FIET, FIPEM; MrsM E Carson; Mr AB Courtney; t,:!r RM Dickson; Mr AG A Frost; Mrs J E Gilbert; Mr AJ Hobson; Ms D GM Martin; Mr DH RMason; MrJJ> Mcdd; MsLJ Parkes; MrTWRickard; Mr D WH Sharman; MrsJ P Simon; Mr AJ M Spink, QC; Mr WA Thallon; Brigadier M C van der Lande, QBE; Ms C Vollmer de Burelli. 1981.: MtSKDeWolf; MsS MDore; Mr] C Downs; Miss] RFoguel; DrM P Hickman; Mr A RJessop; Ms A Roper; Mr MW Russell; De MB Twidale. 1983: Mr RH Bland; Mr MD Gansser-Pom; Dr EM Kirk; Miss FM L Naylor; Mr DC Poliak; Mr HK Smith. 1984: Dr DA At1srin; Mr TWP Barnes; lvlr RP Caron; Mrs K M Dee; Dr PJ Durlach;Mr SP Ross; Mr PJ LStrafford; Dr A Turner; Mr IS Turner. 1985: Mr CJ Abrahams; Mr JJO Can,eron; Mr NB Capeci; Miss LA Daniels; Dr EJ Dickson;MrsKVDiLorcnzo; Miss AH Foster; MrsCAHJohnson; Dr AM Kennedy Smith; Mr AEI..awson-Smith;lvlrs AJ Lord; Miss CM McGahey; Mr T W Motrish; Ms J ,L Oppenheimer; Dr DA Rickard; Mrs V RSaer; Mrs RS Sheaves; Mrs.EM Smith; MissR LSmich; Dr RA Symes; Dr PJYoung. 1986: Mr RW Chore; Mr A A Dodd; Dr G EJarvis; Mr P D Lowcnsrein, QC; Mrs CJ Martin; MrS CParry-Wingfield; Dr SM Paro11; Dr EC Pugh; Mr A A Sacr; Mr T J Wright. 1987: Mr PP Aposrolides; Mrs RA Beagles; Dr MW Beale; Mr NJ Blain; Mr LA Bollom; MrT RA Lewis; Mr MKLi; Ms R Navrozov;Mr CA Perez DavHa; Dr PJR Schreier; Mr M AWalmsley; Dr SJ Wheeler. 1988: Mr RB Coopersrein; Mr SP Hartley; Mr J W Jack; Mr MC Maitland; MsM H McCrorie.


The President's Lodge illuminatedfq,· the May Ball 1989: Miss MS Ainley-1::-tylor; Mr MC Balscon; Dr RD F Barnes, FSI; Mr CM Besc; Dr F RBor; Mr NJ Brown; Mr S Bygrave; Mr DJ Clark; Mr M BDuthie; Mr CC Evans; MrsL PA Evans; Mr RE Gall; Mr N RS Grant; Professor G L F Holburn; Dr A E Hunter; Mr RS Jones; Mrs J L KeUy; Mr A RLill; Mr M F H Mo.hammed Bhai; Dr PS Nurock; Professor PA O'Brien; Mrs VA Pn:zeau; Mr EM Rcy11olds; Mr PW F Robetrs; MrlJ Spencer; Miss ML Twemlow; Dr SJ Vessey: Mrs AF Visser. 1990: Dr KLBrayshaw; MsLEM Canning;MrAH Clarke: Mr] £Creed: Dr EC Crowhurst; Dr MP Dourish; Mr M RJ Frogg.m; Mr DJ Haxby; Mr W F Hill; MrC PJohnson; MsEAJones;Mr DP LKlein; Mrs CJ Lawrence; Mr JD Lawrence; Mr G G Lungley, OBE; Mr DJ Mackelden; Mr R Mukherjee; Mrs SC Parry; Mrs CJ S Robertson; MrJ F Roberrson; Dr P Sargeam; Mr G J A Shaw; Mrs A M Sullivan-Bleunven; Mr TA Summers; Dr ME B Tait; Dr RJ E Thompson; Ms S FTouborg-Hom; Dr ¥Tsukamoto; .Mrs$ M Turner; Dr SD Vincent; Mrs T J Walton; Dr MR\Varner; MrJ R Webb; Mr A M Whdan; Mr GM S Woods. 1991: Mr G Aiken; Mr A A Bell; Mr T J Boucher; Mr TS F Brown; Mr M J Clarke: Mr JAL Codon; Ms L K Cogswell; Mr BR Collins; Mrs ME Collins; Mrs H KCoomber; Mrs C Drummond; Mr LP G Evans; Dr l S Galloway; Mrs SH.itch; Mr DJ Horrobin; Mr PC Howarth: Mrs D L Hughes; Dr D N Jones; Mrs K MJone.~; Mrs KS Kind; Mr GT Kingston; Mr J R Lloyd-Thomas; Miss J A Long; Mr TAG Maccuson, FIA; Mrs SA Martin; Dr] EDMawdsley; Mr UC Nandasom; Mrs] L Nwm; Mr SM Ogden; Mr M J Radley; Mrs FL Rees; Mr CS Sills; Professor CF Scarr; Mr V Syal; Mr TH Tang; Mr MJ Tipple: Dr JW.trd. 1992: Mr MP C Barnett; Mr G P Bransron; Mr AJ Brcrcron; Mrs FJ CoU$ins; Dr AD Challinor; Mr NC Coomber; },,fr CAL Cox; MrJS Godbee; Mr DP Hayes; l)r AC Lipp; Mrs QM Marcin; Mr SJ Muir; Mr AG Panchal; Dr E KPercersen; Mr$ M Poulrer; Dr MC Pritchard; Dr MJ Reed; Mr AJ Williams. 1993: .Mr MT Bourne; Mr DJ Cashman; Mr GT Darkes; Mr FM De Salvidea de Miguel; Mrs AS Ogden; Dr CK Gardiner; Dr T J Gershon; Y:?r DJ Goulding; Dr CAM Grant; Dr RA Halliwell; Miss DE Jackson; Mr AJ Livingston; Miss AL R Lowndes; Mr RS Russell; Dr S VScott; Ms G C Tuxford; Dr RR Upadhyaya; MrsL MWaters. 1994: Mr AS Branscomb; Dr I J Burfield; Mr G J A Chapman; Mrs PJ Chapman; NlrT REdwatds; MrJP Kirton;MissA VLawson; Dr IR McDaniel; Mrs EJ Millard; Ms F Mohamed lsmaU; Dr G C Parkes; MrJ l Provins; Mr BG Richardson. 1995: Mr MB Aldcrofi:; Mr FJ Allan; Mr A LE Bantin; DtT MBlacking; Dr M J Buffey; Mrs S R Chapman; Dr PJ Clements; Mr G I Claase; Mr M LCoakes; Mr D G Collim; Mr MJM Costello; Mr CJ Durbin; Dr S V Fletcher; MrJ E Green; Ms S Haria; Miss M Hamett; Mr AC Henderson; MrsC E Holmes; Mrs KL fons; MrJ HJoTdan; tvirT £Kirk; Mr!L Koxvold; Mr B D Lehman; lvlr D S Leslie; Miss H Loughton; Mr CJ Murray; MrsB Perez; Mr RC Randc;Dr P RRichardson; Mr$ M Richardson; Mrs RH Sann; Mt M SSheridan; Mr A D Stannard; Mr NJ Stone; Mr GM Sylvescer Bradley; Dr J Tuomola: Mr PM Tuomola; Mrs L MW Tyler; Mr S ]Woodward. ,996: Mrs CL Bouwec; Mr MS Bowden; Dr J £ Choulerron; Ms CC A Coleman; Mr AD Freestone; Mr AN Gray; MrT Heymanl'I; Mr N Kayser; Mr BS Kenyon; Mr M F Lim; The Revd E M Moore-Bick; Mr B M R Sandbrook,; 'Mr A RSellar; Mr VJ Stock; Mr DR Watkins. 1997: Mr SH Kumar; Mrs SJ Rolls; Dr CM Rochon; Mr G Spivey. 1998: MrJD Drury; Mr DA KWilkinson.

1999: MrJ RAitkcn; Dr FLBell; Mr B PCacc; Mrs RJ Claase; MrT J CUJnmins; Dr PG C Davies; Dr MA de Zalenski; Mr PT Eckley; Dr D P D Hamlyn; Ms CNHarrison; Mr AA Lane; MsXMail;MrsAD Mead: Mr R Patel; Mr AK Samanra; Mr DJ Sills; Mrs JS Smye; Mr MA Sc~phenson; Mr E G Thomas: Dr SN Winkler; Mr PW Young. 2.000: Mr PD Canner; Dr A Ghavami; Mr G Gl'iffi.n-Keane; Mr TA V Guglielmi; Miss C Hildebrand; Mrs TM Holland-Hoare; Mrs JY MacKenzie Ross; Dr L£ A Neave; Dr S Pons-Sam:; Mr B DJ Reid; Mrs CH R.ickerrs; MrG D Rickerrs; MrsEEScorr;MrO J H Shipway; MrJ ESkerrerc;Mr M J Sccvens. 2001: Mr D S Beard; Ms EC Bimliff; Caprain D H Brain, RE; Mr JW Broomhead; Miss CE Buxton; MrAJ Can1; brJ MACamaU; MrJJ Cerriro; Miss CM Chivers; Mr T J T Collins; Mr G Elliorc; Mr CJ Forsrer; Mr P F Gaudillac; Miss RF Geddes; Mr M G Goulding; Dr K Haria; Mr F Hoffmann; Dr AS Khair; MsJ H Larham; Mr D WY Lau; Mr MTS Llewellyn; Miss A C Marten; Mr M Monreiro; Mrs C Ng; Mr LJ Phillips; Dr J M Robinson; Mr T W Roper; l\,[r AL G Scordcllis; Mrs ES J Shaw; Miss J T Singc:nnan; Mr PB Skinner; Mr RJ A Smith; Mr VA Vais; Mr SC M Van Thiel; Dr D WWheelc:r; Mrs GE Woolfe. 2.002: Mr NJBarsley; MrsCM Carver De Klotz. 2003: Mr NE Crews; Mr Simon ThrdfaU. 2004: Mr P Agrawal; Mrs£ A Mahon. 1.005: Dr \Y/WW Klingsch; Miss$ Rana. 1.006: Mr J Spence. 2008: Mr P McKearney. 1.010: Mr MF D Winch. Legacies: The College gracefully acknowledges legacies from the following: MrCM Guilford.JP (1949); Mr F.H Higham(1940); MrJ Kovanda(1951);Mr PA Owen (1969); Mr R West (1943). Friends of Queens' and gifu from Widows and Widowers ofQueensmen: Mrs S Band; Mr J Beerbower; Professor J M Bennett; Mrs V.Biron; Mr & MrsD Brown; Mrs H Casson; Mrs J El-Erian; Mr PAW Edwards; Mrs E Fifoot; Professor C Frosc; Mrs R Hall, Mrs D VHolmes; Mrs A Kenyon; Mr RLawcon; Mrs L M Lee; Mr M Lune; Mrs E Po.ccer; Mrs H E W'.trd. lrusrs, Fouudations and Corporaces: AT&T United Way .Employee Giving; BP Group; DeutSChe Bank; EXl<on Mobil Foundation Inc; Friends of Aliki Varikioti for Music & The AmLtd; Grosvenor Estates; Morgan Stanley; The Bank ofNew York; The Cosca Family Charirable Trust; The Escelle Trust; The Hazel and Leslie Peskin Charitable Trusr; The Royal Bank ofScodand; Th.e Wischcarc Foundation Inc. Anonymous: Queens' has received 29 anonymous gifts during2011. Anniversary gi.fu were received from the Marriculation Year Groups of1951, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, and 2.001. We arc also graceful ro the following Matriculation Year Representatives whose assistance was invaluable in conracring cheir fellow members ro arrend their Anniversary Celebration Reunion Events in 1.011: His Honour Judge SS Brown, QC (1971); Brigadier MC van der Lande, OBE (1981); Mr G Aiken (1991); Mrs KS J Adams (2001); M( DI Sternberg (1.001).

//puddle-streum carpark."


Queens' College Record 2012

The Academic Record New strategies to help patients with oesophageal cancer Currently cancer is the second most common cause of death in the UK. However in recenr years there have been many important breakthroughs in the understanding of the molecular evolution of tumours which have been translated imo further irnprovemencs in patient survival. Traditionally the specific treatment regimen that a patient receives has been predominantly based on the o~gan from which the tumonr has arisen and guided by how advanced the cancer is at diagnosis. The majority of these drugs function by killing cells which are growing rapidly, for exan1ple by damaging their DNA or interfering with rhe cytoskelecon. However these drugs will therefore also affect normal cells which need to proliferate quickly to fulfil their function, such as the cells of the gastrointestinal tract and hair follicles, so accounting for some of the unpleasant side effects of treatmenc. In more recent times the efficacy of traditional drug regimens has been facilitated by the addition of "targeted therapies". These are drugs which target specific molecular abnormalities present in the tumour due to mutations in the genes which code for proteins that are key for cellular functions such as cell proliferation, cell survival and cell motility. Since these genetic changes are unique to the cancer cells, normal cells are not affected and therefore targeted therapies tend to have fewer adverse effects. One of the earliest examples of targeted therapy being incorporated into standard clinical management is tl1e use of trastuzumab (Herceptin) in pariems with breast cancer whose rumours over-express a cell surface protein called Hen (ErbB2.). This dramatically improved the survival of patiems who had previously had a poor prognosis. The broader application of this approach is hampered by a number of factors. A given targeted drug is only effective if the specific alteration that it inhibits is present within the rumour. Each. tumour arises from a unique combination of genetic alterations in the DNA, therefore these have robe characterised for each patient co some degree before the appropriate targeted therapy can be selecced. For example rhe Heu abnormality is present in approximately one in five breast tumours and it is therefore only these patients who are offered crastuzumab, as. it will offer a negligible benefit co patients without chis molecular change. A second barrier is the identification of appropriate molecular rargers followed by finding compounds chat inhibit it with sufficient specificity to not impact on other cellular proteins. Each tumour is made up of numerous genetic abnormalities, however they are not of equivalent importance and it is believed that a hierarchy exists. This underlies the theory of oncogene addiction whereby a single or small number ofalterations are critical for the establishment and maintenance of the tumour. It is these pivotal molecular changes that need to be inhibited with targeted therapy co induce cancer cell death by a mechanism known as oncogenic shock. Recent advances in genetic profiling techniques and computational biology have allowed key collaborations co be established extensively to characterise the molecular abnormalities in the common tumour types. This has facilitated rhe identification of novel therapeutic targets for which small molecule inhibitors are being developed in

partnerships with major pharmaceutical companies. The main focus of my research has been co apply these principles to ¡oesophageal cancer. Cancer of the oesophagus, rhe muscular tube which transports food to the stomach from rhe throat, has a particularly poor prognosis, which has shown little recent improvement, in contrast to other cancer types. This is because the tumour tends only to become symptomatic at a late stage when it is large enough co impair swaJlowing. At this time the tumour may have already invaded blood and lymphatic vessels, therefore there is a high risk that cancer cells will have already seeded distant organs. The current chemotherapy regimens in use only offer marginal improvement in patient outcomes and no novel targeted therapies have been used in this tumour type. As a consequence only 15% ofpatients diagnosed with chis condition are alive five years later. An additional concern is the rapid increase in the incidence of oesophageal cancer which has increased by five fold over the last twency years in the West, a rate higher than any other solid tumour, though the reasons underlying this are unclear. Hence oesophageal cancer was recently identified by the Chief Medical Officer as a major public health concern. ln order co enhance the survival of patients with oesophageal cancer there are two major strategies that could be combined. The first is co 1dencify patients at an earlier srage of rhe disease, whilst rhe second is to improve our rrearmems for people with esrablished rumours. Oesophageal cancer develops in a step-wise process from a pre-cancerous lesion called Barrett's oesophagus. The oesophagus is normally lined by a squamous-type epithelium, similar to the skin. In the first step of oesophageal cancer development chis changes to a columnar-type epithelium, similar to that found in the small intestine (Figure 1). This is a process caHed metaplasia; the presence of columnar epithelium is referred to as Barrett's oesophagus. The main risk factor for this change is acid reflux; however it should be noted rhat this will only occur in the minority of patients who experience such symptoms. Over a prolonged period of rime genetic changes can accumulate in the c.o lumnat epithelium. This results in an increased proliferation of the cells and rhe tissue archireccure becoming more. distorted; known as dysplasia within a segment of Barrett's oesophagus, this is nor yer cancer. Eventually rhe epithelial cells are able co break away and invade more deeply into the layers of the oesophageal wall; it is at this point cancer is said to be present. Barrett's oesophagus can be diagnosed on an endoscopy. The columnar tissue has a characteristic salmon pink appearance and tissue biopsies can then be taken co confirm the diagnosis based on its microscopic appearance. Patients can subsequently undergo regular surveillance endoscopies where the Barrett's epithelium is rigorously sampled and rhe tissue examined. This allows dysplasia co be detected and when it becomes very severe patients can be treated before cancer develops; even if a cancer is detected on a surveillance examination it is likely to be at a very early stage when treatments have better outcomes. 65


Intestinal type columnar epithelium (Barrett's Oesophagus)

Squamous epithelium (normal)

Figure 1: Endoscopic view ofthe oesophagus (cenn-e) shouting the normal squamous oesophageal lining (light pink) and Barrett's oesophagus (dark pink). 1he microscopic appearance ofthese at¡eas is also shown.

By scudying rhe progression of Barrert's oesophagus from meraplasia to dysplasia and finally cancer the critical genetic changes which allow these transitions to occur can be identified. It is these early changes that are most likely to underlie oncogene addiction and therefore represent effective novel therapeutic targets. In order to have sufficient numbers for our study tissue samples from patients wich Barrett's oesophagus treated in Northern Ireland, University College Hospital, London, and Addenbrooke's Hospital were combined; whilst tumour samples were pooled from five UK teaching hospitals in Bristol, Glasgow, Oxford, Birmingham and Cambridge. This highlights the importance of collaborations between different centres to facilitate research and the number of people involved in such research. We. used these samples co study the expression of a number of cell surface receptors during the metaplasia-dysplasiacancer sequence. We identified four receptors which were highly expressed in dysplastic lesions and cancers but not in normal oesophageal tissue. The fact that the increase in their expression levels occm:red early is supportive of them having an important role in driving the development of the cancer. One of these proteins, Her:z., as mentioned above is already known co be critical in breast cancers and has inhibitors already used routinely in clinical practice. When over four hw1dred oesophageal cancers were profiled we showed chat one or more of these four receptors was over-expressed in almost half of the tumour samples. However showing chat these receptors are highly expressed in oesophageal cancer development is not enough evidence co support chem having a pivotal role and therefore being relevant drug targets. Hence the next step was co inhibit these receptors in oesophageal cancer cells grown in the laboratory which express chem at high levels. Encouragingly when these receptors were silenced the cancer cells stopped growing wid1in 24hrs and after 72hrs over half of the cells were no longer alive. This is a consequence of the receptors sitting at the top of two key signalling pathways. One of these, the MAPK pathway, is particularly important for driving cell proliferation; whilst che second, the AKT pathway, promotes cell survival. Therefore

when the receptors are inhibited these pathways are turned off resulting in reduced cell growth and subsequent cell death. The final seep is now to treat patients with drugs which inhibit these receptors and see whether chis improves their survival. Our rapidly increasing understanding of cancer biology makes chis an exciting time to be researching novel therapeutic strategies and targets. It offers the perfect opportunity co combine both clinical medicine and laboratory-based research which is what I aspire to do in the future. Finally I would like co thank all the patients who allowed their diagnostic tissue samples also to be used for research purposes and therefore enabled me to undertake this work. Dr Anna Paterson

Figure 2: Co,¡es ofoesophageal tumour tissue stained using immunohistochemistry. Cells that express high levels ofthe receptor appear brown. This diagram shows tumours that expressed no Her2 receptor on the Left and tumours that e.:tpress high levels ofthe receptor on the right.

66


Queens' College Record 2or2

2008 banking crisis v 2011 - 12 sovereign debt crisis: two sides of the same coin? It has been obvious for some time chat the banking crisis char engulfed the western world in 2.008 has also seriously weakened sovereign financial systems. The commitmencs to bail-outs were dwarfed by the sharp fall in tax revenues in the recession that in turn led to major increases in fiscal deficits and substantial public debt accumulation. However, the impact on the Eurozone has been far more severe than elsewhere. Peculiarities in the structure of the Eurozone have led to the extraordinary situation in which the stability of banks throughout the Zone, and indeed the survival of the currency system itselÂŁ have been endangered by a sovereign debt crisis in an entity chat comprises a little over 2% ofEurozonegdp. The structural origins of this extraordinary turn of events are now well known. They include: the absence of any effective all-zone treasury function; the lack of a single Eurozone bond; no substantial budgetary operation within which might be embedded the sore of fiscal transfers necessary to stabilise the monetary union that exist in, say, the USA or Australia; and, as has been painfully evident, a lack of coherent and decisive political leadership. Yee there a.re some all-pervasive, more fundamental trends in international finance that have played a major part in che world-wide crisis, and that have assumed a particular significance in che context of che Eurozone. First: the growth of the international bond market. Prior to the wave of financial markediberalisation chat was sparked by President Nixon's abandonment of the Brecton Woods system in August r971, pose World War II sovereign bond markers Were predominantly national. With liberalisation international markers grew rapidly. Overseas sales of US bonds rose from 3% of US gdp in 1970 co 200% in the early 2000s; whilst overseas sales of UK bonds rose from nil in 1970 (such sales would have been illegal) to 1000% of UK gdp in the early 2.000s. The enormous scale of international bond transactions today make it possible for there to be huge swings in the funding of national bond markets, between holdings ofsay dollar, sterling or euro bonds, or between different sovereign euro bonds. These potentially destabilising swings have transformed che sensitivity of funding policy to market forces. Second: the financial innovation that accompanied liberalisation has resulted in a rapid growth in the size of the balance sheets of the banks (and ocher financial intermediaries)

relative to the underlying transactions that those balance sheets are based upon. Broadly speaking, the assets of the bariks have grown at an average rate of 15% since 1978. Given that the world gdp has grown (in nominal terms) at a little more than 5.8% per annum over the same period, the excess growth of 9.2.% per year suggests that the banks' balance sheers are now around 2.0 times greater, relative to the given underlying gdp, than was the case 33 years ago. Since deposits are not likely to rise at a rate much faster than the growth of gdp, rhe relative increase in the size of financial balance sheets must be due to the growth of wholesale lending between financial institutions. A simple example of what has happened can be seen in the market for domestic mortgages. In the 1960s the financing of

mortgages involved households depositing funds in mortgage banks chat were then !enc on co ocher households co enable chem to buy houses. Today chis transaction is likely to pass through a long chain of investmencs, from the household purchase of money market funds, co shore-term loans to the bank, which expands funding through repo transactions with a securities firm that in turn purchased securities from a provider ofasset backed securities, chat were in turn assembled from a mortgage pool created by lending to home-buying households. Indeed, even this sequence is probably rather a short, uni-directional chain. Suppose in the case of a 196os-style funding, the value of the underlying mortgage is $wok. Then there are $2ook worth of financial transactions associated with the intermediated transfer of funds from the depositing household to the homebuying household. G1vss assets of $2.ook are created - $1ook of assets in the form of a bank deposit on household's balance sheet, and a $1ook mortgage on the bank's balance sheet. With today's longer chains of transactions, far greater gross stocks of assets are created. And gross assets matter. In che face of an extreme event (such as mortgage default) netting of the intermediary's position is impossible since the asset (a 20 year mortgage) and the liability (a demand deposit) do not match. The bank has lost $wok on its balance sheets, and, presuming it defaults, the lending household has lost $10ok too. The destructive power of gross positions was clearly exposed in the financial crisis. In 2.008 Lehman Bros OTC CDS book had gross notional value of $72.bn. Months later the nee loss was known to be $5-2.bn. Similarly, AIG's CDS book had a notional value of$27obn, whereas actuallosses were eventually just $3bn. Bue it was che inability to provide further collateral against the gross figure when the rating on the book was reduced chat forced AIG co look for a rescue from the federal authorities. 'lhird: the growth of wholesale funding has transformed the balance sheets of the banks. In the 1960s the liabilities of a bank consisced almost entirely of deposits by households and firms. The assecs of the bank were a m ixcure of very Iiqu id assets, such as Treasury Bills and trade acceptances (around 40%) and loans to households and firms (the remaining 60%). Today the balance sheet looks quite different. Deposits by households and firms comprise only about 20% of the liabilities, the rest being made up oflending from ocher banks (much of it international), commercial paper and repos. In the UK funding through the repos market is almost of the same order as fonding by deposits. Around 25% of the asset side of the banks' balance sheets consist ofloans co households andfirtns, the rest being marketable loans and securities and other investments, and repos. The growth of the repo market has been one of the most extraordinary phenomena of the past decade, with repos growing 4 times faster than M2 (cash and current accounts roughly the rate of growth of nominal gdp). Overnight repos have grown at the same rate. Management of the repo market has become an important part of central banks management of overall liquidity; the day co day stability of the repo market being a key policy goal.


The overall result has been a fundamental shift in bank funding, away from deposits (that tend co be very "sticky") toward short-term market transactions that must be continually re-financed. The 90 banks covered by the recent European Banking Authority stress tests, for example, need to refinance â‚Ź5,40060 of debt in the next two years, equivalent to 45 per cent of European Union gdp. Nor coo difficult co turn over i.n tranquil times, but a significantly greater challenge coday. The impact of the 2.008 financial crisis on public debt is well known. Amongst the OECD countries the ratio of public debt to gdp doubled from 1970 co 2.008, rising from 40% of gdp to 80% of gdp. In just the next 3 years it rose to 106% of OECD gdp. Of particular interest is the balance between domestic funding of public debt (a nation borrowing from itself) and international funding. le is noticeable that amongst developed countries it is the Eurozone countries that have by far the greater international exposure. Taking Canada,Japan, the US, and the UK together, the overseas proportion of public borrowing is around 12.%. However, taking Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Spain together, around 50% of public debt is funded overseas (predominantly, but not exclusively, in other countries of the Eurozone) - and this figure is roughly the same for each country. This makes Eurozone countries far more susceptible to the vagaries of the international bond market. There are 2. major reasons for this difference in the structure offunding. First, the Eurozone economy is roughly the same size as the economy of the US, and hence any balanced bond portfolio must contain euro denominated bonds, exposure co

the euro can be obtained by investing in any of the various Eurozone sovereign bonds. Investors therefore have a choice as to which euro sovereign to hold, a choice that is likely to be informed by the risk, return and hence diversification of their entire euro holding. Second, the policy of the European Central Bank (ECB) resulted, at least up to the end of 2.009, in all Eurozone sovereign bonds being treated by the market as if they were almost equivalent to one another, despite obvious differences in national debt structures which were in turn reB.ecced in bond ratings. A key decision was to assign all eligible eurodenominated sovereign debt instruments issued by the Eurozone central governments to the same (highest) liquidity category. Accordingly, not only were spreads between the returns on sovereign bonds very small, but also the ECB operations in the repo market ensured that sovereign debt could be transformed into cash easily and cheaply. It was therefore in the interest of the banks to hold large quantities of sovereign debt on their balance sheets - in effect earning a substantial risk free return. Moreover, since all sovereign debt was treated the ¡same, then it made sense to hold a "balanced portfolio" of sovereign instruments from throughout the Eurozone. An unintended consequence of ECB policy was to make sovereign funding very easy and very cheap. Eurozone states are prohibited from printing money, but they were provided with a financial facility chat (so long as confidence lasted) was almost as good! This was a particularly attractive source offundingas tax revenues collapsed in 2.007-9. A further element ofECB policy was the excessive increase in the valuation haircut associated with the maruricy of the

The President's Lodge and Mathematical B1idge.

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Queens' College Record 20I2 collateral use~ in repo transactions. This encouraged the move to short-term funding that has become typical of Eurozone banks and Eurozone sovereigns. These arrangements could not survive the market shock of the emergence of funding difficulties in Greece, Portugal and Ireland, and latterly in Spain and Italy. Arow1d €45obn of sovereign debt is held by Europe's top 24 banks, of which €5obn is from Greece, Ireland and Portugal, nations chac make up about 6% ofEurozone gdp. As CDS spreads widened che repo market was no longer a source of ready cash, indeed Greece could only sell government bonds direct co che ECB. Banks holding large quantities of Eurozone sovereign debr faced the prospect oflarge write-downs. The banking crisis has led to a sovereign crisis that has led back co a banking crisis. The most spectacular collapse so far has been the recenr demise of the Franco-Belgian .financial group Dexia - a bank chat was rated one of Europe's safest in the stress rests last July. Dexia held €21billion of "peripheral» Eurozone sovereign bonds. The overall balance sheet was financed by short-term borrowing char required daily €1obn - €2..obn funding from the wholesale markets. A racings downgrade closed that shortterm door forcing Dexia co turn co the French and Belgian governments to guarantee €9obn ofshore-term funding. Dexia is now going through what is effectively an insolvency process. It is worth reflecting on why the ECB pursued its common strategy toward sovereign bonds. The central bank of a single sovereign, say the Bank of England or che Federal Reserve, will aucomacically regard bonds issued by its sovereign state as being the most liquid in the market, since the state can always swap the bonds for cash - it can print money. It would seem that the ECB carried over chis not unreasonable approach to management of the repo market in a single state to che peculiar multi-state structure of the Eurozone. A further notable characteristic of the Eurozone is the lack of a single, all zone funding mechanism - the lack of a eurobond. This means that investors seeking exposure to the euro are required to hold bonds issued by individual sovereigns. This also means char exposure can be maintained whilst switching from one sovereign to another. Moreover, any holder ofeuro cash and bank deposits (which lack any national identity) can achieve the security of desired national identity by moving cash balances from, say, Greek current accounts, into, say, German bonds. There is thus the potential for massive capital flight. Between states with different currencies capital flight results in the accumulation of unwanted currency in the central bank of the recipient state. That central bank will seek to transform unwanted currency into desired reserve denominations, putting downward pressure on the currency from which capital has fled. Nothing of this sort can take place within the Eurozone since it is a single currency area. The result has been that large balances have been accumulated in the accounts of che central banks of recipient countries at che ECB, and equivalent negative balances in the accounts of the central banks of the countries from which capital has fled. This capital flight might well be reversed if a convincing rescue deal for the euro were put in place. Its very existence is evidence ofa serious design faulc in the Eurozone. The short-term solution to the Eurozone's problems is clear enough. The ECB must guarantee the sovereign debts of all member states and where necessary print money to clear

them. Whether this is preceded by a re.financing of debt that imposes a haircut on bond-holders is a matter of political caste (or perhaps, political necessity in the case of countries that are doing the refinancing). However, the larger the haircut imposed, the greater the resources that will be required to recapitalise the banks that have suffered the haircut. Moreover, these shore-term measures would not solve the medium to long term problem. Once the debt of the less. competitive countries has been in some way written off, and even if growth resumes, then the same pattern of indebtedness will begin co re-appear. This is inevitable in any monetary union. The idea that a monetary union could be uniformly competitive is a fantasy. That is why all workable monetary unions have the characteristics listed above - most notably an all-union bond issuance to fW1d a major part (though not necessarily all) of public debt and a substantial budgetary process that redistributes income from rich co poor, hence limiting the accumulation ofdebt. For example, tax revenues in London and the South-Ease of England are roughly 25% greater than government expenditure in the region, the difference being used to support other parts of che UK. Nobody notices. The importance of the all-union bond should be evident from the experience of the internal capital flight that has afflicted the Eurozone. Compare this situation to chat of the United Scares. The fiscal problems of California {far bigger within the US economy than is Greece within the Eurozone) affect the funding of che Californian deficit, bur are in no way destabilising to the federal bond market. There is no comparable dollar crisis. Will solutions be found, to both the short term and the longer term problems? The answer is co be found in rhe saying "follow the mon~f. In other words, who is the greatest beneficiary of the existence of the euro? The answer is Germany. Noc only does the rest of the Eurozone absorb 40 percent of German exports, but consider the exchange rate of a reconstituted deutsche mark. The German economic model ofexport-led growth ~tould crumble as che mark soared, in the same way rhar the prosperity ofSwitzerland is now threatened by the "safe haven" status of the Swiss franc. The beneficiary may be reluctant co pay for the benefits it enjoys, and there are still obvious historical inhibitions to German leadership, but the remorseless logic of economic advantage will triumph in the end. After 25 excruciating months of inflammatory indecision, Germany's Angela Merkel and France's Nicolas Sarkozy are talking of a "real economic government» for the euro, though they have not yet defined what this means or when it will happen. Sarkozy has even declared chat "euro bonds can be imagined one day," though this would be ''at the end of the integration process, not the beginning." That euro-bonci marker would be as large as the doUar market, and equally irresistible. The bail-ours are still in the "6re-6ghtint category, and the key co temporary success will be whether the flames are doused. The longer term reconstruction of the Eurozone will determine whether this is a temporary respite or whether a new, resilient structure emerges. Such a structure will inevitably involve a far greater degree of political integration (at lease in economic decision making) than has been conceived of up until now. johnEatwell


The Alumni Record The Alumni Office Ir has been a busy year for the Alumni and Development Office with a full events programme, a change of staff and the launch ofThe Queens' 575 Campaign: Forging the Future 1448-2.02.3. 1his year saw Anniversary Celebration Invitation Dinners for those who matriculated in 1961, 1971, 1981., 1991 and 2.001. More than 500 Members and their partners .attended their respective black tie dinners, a number travelling from across the globe to see old friends. The Alumni Weekend proved popular, a particular highlight being the Bats players' fine performance ofSheridan's Schoolfar Scandal. Members of the Arthur Armitage Society who have pledged a legacy to Queens' were joined at the annual Garden Party by Members of The President's Society (Members who have donated between £5,000 and £2.5,000 in the last s years). Once again, we were favoured with good weather for an enjoyable afternoon by the river. 2.012. will see the formation of the Queen Margaret's Circle (those who have given over £2.5,000 in the lasts years). Members of the Circle will be invited to the College Queen Margaret Feasc. October 2.ou saw another successful Academic Saturday, as 150 Members' and their friends and families came to College for a programme oflectures on a diverse range ofsubjects, from poverty relief and social enterprise in Pakistan to pioneering treatments for brain cancer, probability mathematics and the challenges of bustard conservation. Thank you to the Fellows and Members of Queens' who gave presentations. This year's programme will be announced in July. Remembrance Sunday was a very moving occasion as we remembered Members of the College who lose their lives in World War 2.. At the Lunch after the service, current Students enjoyed the opporru1,1ity to talk with Alumni about their experiences as Members of Queens' in the 1930s, '40s and early \os. Matriculancs of 1951 were particularly welcomed as they celebrated 60 years si1;1-ce coming to Queens'.

We continue to explore different ways of keeping in couch with our Alumni overseas and the launch of the Queens' Online Shop has proved popular with Members around rhe world, as well as in the UK. A new venture is our official Linkedin group, which can be found in the groups directory under Queens' College Cambridge Members. The President's reception in Hong Kong was a great success with more than 30 Members from the area attending. Lord Eacwell also h ad private meetings which have resulted in generous donations from a number of Alumni in Hong Kong. In the Alumni Office, we said goodbye to Janee Thompson who left in February 2.011 co take up a pose in the North of England. We welcomed her successor, Juliet Chippindale, to College in March. In April Fellow and Director of Development Dr Diana Henderson celebrated her wedding to Professor Peter Jones (1957) and she appreciated enormously the congratulations sent by a number of Queensmen. We are grateful to Sir Tony Brenton (1968) for his ongoing work as Chairman of the Alumni Association and co the tireless organisers of che regional events held in Birmingham, Cambridge and Manchester. Thanks are also due to the Matriculation Year Representatives who did a sterling job of contacting and encouraging fellow Members to attend their Reunion Events in 2.on and co all chose who spoke on behalf of their year. To find out about the events and services that are offered to Alumni in 2.012., please look at the Alumni pages of the College website (www.queens.cam.ac.uk) or rhe Evencs and Services Guide 2.on/ 12. - if you have not received a copy please phone +44 (0)12.2.3 331944 or email alumni@queens.cam. ac.uk Thank you to those who have been in couch with their changes of contact details and please continue co keep us up to date. Diana Henderson

Before the May Bali.

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Queens' College Record 2012

Alumni Association AGM The cend1 Annual General Meeting of the Alumni Assodarion (92.nd .o f the Queens' College Club) cook place in rhe Firzparrick Hall on 15 June 2.011. Sir Tony Brenton introduced his role as Chairman of the Association and wdcomed members ro the meeting. He also announced the re,deccion by the Fellowship of Lord Eatwell as President until 2.017. The President then spoke. reBectingon the many changes co the College since the 1960s. He particularly highlighted che rise in rhc number of pose-graduate srudenrs, a change that has been reflected throughout rhe University with the growth of raughc Masters degrees, the professional schools and 'big scie11ce'. He noted that Cambridge University is widely recognised as rhe finest science university in die world. despite the huge disparity in funding when compared with many American uniyersicies. He spoke abour the increasing cole that graduares have in the College community. He wenr on co reflect on rhe whole state of tertiary education in the country with the introduction of much higher fees. He poi.need our that che colleges will see very little of the fee monies and yet they muse maintain the quality and character of education through college reaching. He emphasised the importance of maintaining bursaries fur potential srudenrs from families in straightened circumstances and the importance of maintaining wide access co the University so that it CM continue co attract the ablest students. He concluded his remarks by saying that rhe College was in good heart and an e:i:citing place ro be buc that the support ofalumni was hugely important. The outgoing J CR President, Charlie Bell, then spoke on the experience of being ar Queens' today. He reflected on the drverseness of the student body and on discussions with the Universityabouc bursaries, particuJarly emphasising the need for poorer students co have increased funds to hdp with rent and food whilst at Un iversity rather than a reduction to the debt they would have co pay back in rhe long term. He talked about the 'access' work of the JCR. He also mentioned some of rhe celebrations organised to mark the 30th anniversary of the admission of women co Queens'. He reported on discussions over changes to 'Freshers Week' and the perception char attendance at 'Ents' was decreasing (perhaps because of rivalry from Ciry Clubs). He briefly mentioned some of the sportingachievemems chis year, notably victories in the Queens' Ergs competition

RAG]ttiibreak - pick up a p-p-ppeng,,in. and i.n Cuppers FoocbaJJ, Women's Badminron, Lacrosse and Water Polo. He mentioned the JCR initiative to set up a fund to allow disabled students to join the annual ski trip and the potential use of the Solarium as an altemative venue for srudencs who do noc wish to socialise in the Bar. He ended by emphasising the excellence of the spirit of community at Queens'. FinallyDr Diana Henderson repeated r:he CoU.ege's welcome to alumni and tellected on a challenging and su_ctessful year in the Alumn.i and Development Office. She pointed ouc char there were over 10,000 Old Members scattered in 157 countries. Sir Tony chaired a short session of questions and closed the meeting with some remarks about how the professional expertise of Old Members could be of benefit ro current Members.

Jonathan Holmes (Sm¡etary ofthe Al1mmiAssociation)

Deaths We regret to announce the deaths of the followi ng Members of the College: Dr P.H.Nash (1935);].C Pyper (1935); J.D.M.Taylor (1935); J.F.Neil (1936); I.B.Donald (1937 ); J.P.Scott, D.S.C. (1937 ); Colonel PD.Storie-Pugh, C.B.E., M.C., T.D., F.R.C.V.S. (1937); E.N.Howell (1938); B.A.Jones (1939); A McDonald (1939); The RevdJ.C.Royds (1939); F.C.W.Royle (1939); J.A.S.Mowac(1940); C.J.Wilson (1940); W.H.Banks (194r); M.N.Craigs (r941); J.T.Srone, M.C. (1941); W.J.Prescott-Decie (l942.) in 2.001; C.AWarner (1942); E.B.Atkinson (1943); Dr WE.Duckworth, O.B.E., F.R.En:g. (1943); W.J,Gcose (1943); C.QKeiller (1943) in 2010; F.H.Leccy, M.B.E. (1943); A.R.Taic (1944); M.Dover (1945) in 2006; The Revd Can<:>n M.P.Simcock (1945); The Rt Revd K.H.Pillar (1946); W.H.L.Porter (1946); R.M.Duggan (1947); V.P.Bowen (1948); W.G.Jones (1948); Dr D.H.Shrimpton (1948); G.C.Band, O.B.E. (1949); G.Glendinning(1949); The RevdH.A.Hatchman (1949) in 2.010; Professor B.L.Johns (1950 ); E.H.Thomton (1950); Dr J-P.C.M. Brookes (1952); G.Goonesena (1953); J.M.Leech (1953) in 2.009;].B.Chaplin (1954); G.Dowson (1954) in 2010; R.C.S.G.Kdton (1954);}.D.Sewell (1954); A.Slater (1956); D.B Benton (1957 ); C.Gannon (1957 ); Dr AR.I.Cruickshank (1958); Professor G.F.Savidge (1959); AK.Waters (1962); ProfessorJ.M.Blum (1963);J.A.Revill (1965); C.W.Cowan (1966) in 2009;].P.P.Higgins (1966);

Dr DJ.Thornberry (1968) in 2009; Professor W.N. Bingley (1969); P.A.Owen (1969); M.H.Kempson (1970); L.A.Radlauer (1973) in 2010; R.A G Brown (1974); D.A.Meade (1977); B.R.Phillips (1979).

The Chapelfrom the President's Garden.

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Obituaries P.H.Nasb, M.D., D.P.H., DJ.H. (193S) aged 94- Peter Nash was born io Sidcup in Kem and we.nt co Scowe School. His father was an engineer and inventor (who rose co be Deputy Director of che Ministry of Aircraft Production in the War) and his mother an opera singer (her furnily were close friends ofSir Arthur Sullivan). He came up co Queens' in 193s as a Medical Scudenc. On q_ualifying as a Doccor, he joined the Royal Army Medical Corps, rising to the rank ofCaptain and serving in Normandy, Germany and Holland. He was with the troops who liberated Baycux, Falaise and Evrcux and lacer some of the concentration camps. After the end of hostilities he oversaw a German Military Hospital until May 19,.6. On demobilisation, he practised at the Middlesex Hospital in London and worked for the Slough I.ndusrrial Health Service. He studied as a Rockefelle.r Fel,low at the Harvard School of Public Health and, back in London, gained Diplomas in both Public Health and Industrial Healch. In rhe early 1950s he and his wife moved co Toronco, where he worked in Occuparional Health for Bell Canada. In 1957 he started work for Abbott Laboratories, moving co Monrreal, and remained there until he retired as Direci:or ofScientific Affairs, Canada in 1982. He also served as Executive Director of the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers' Association ofCanada and practised as a physician at the Royal Victoria Hospital. On retiring from Abborc he esrablished a consulting practice in medical and regulatory affairs and in industrial health and advised several multi-national pharmace11cical companies. He had a passion for antiques and was a smdcnc ac, and lacer creaced and caught a course for, the McGill lnsticuce for Leaming in Rctiremcnc. He was an accomplished amaceur phorographer and birdwatcher, loved arc and was a connoisseur of codcrails and wine. He also enjoyed cars and usually accended grand pcixand auco shows in Canada- From the age of8 he had been a magician - perform.mg on srage whilst ac Can1bridgc and doing shows all his life. He did a great deal of voluntary work i:hrough his church and he and his wife travelled the world extensively. He was a classic gentleman., culcivaced, precise, encercaining, kind but demanding. J.D.M.Taylor, R.I.B.A. (1935) aged 95. John Tayloe was born in Uganda where his facher was a mcdiGtl officer in the Colonial Service. The: family came back co the UK. in 1919 burJohn and his siblings were left in checareof auncswhen their parencs rem.med co Africa. He was educated at Bernbridge School on the Isle of Wighc, where craftsmanship was given equal weight co academic srudies. He came co Queens' to study Architecture, graduating B.A. in 1938. He concinued his studies ac the Architectural Association School of A.rchitecmre in London, bur che War incerrupte.d his career. He had already acqui.red the Royal Aero Club's Aviators' Certificate, so joined che R.A.E and was sent co America co tr.lin as a piloc on the 'Arnold' Scheme. He returned in 1943, was promoced co fJjghc Lieurenanc and joiJ1ed Transport Command. He was stationed first in Morocco and lacer in Burma, where he flew supply drop sorties over the jungle as the British Army advanced towards Rangoon. He returned co London in 1946 and completed his architectural training, qualifying as an Associate of che Royal lnscicuceofBrirish Architects. He and his wife sec up a practice in London,known as.Meade, Taylor and Wilsol). They won several archicectt1ral competitions, mosr notably for the South Shields Marine and Technical College, on many stages of which they worked fcom 1951 until they retired in 1978. After several yeacs of foreig11 cravd and design work on their own homes, they seeded in Moreron-inMarsh in rhe Cocswolds, converting a derelicr barn into a pleasant home. l.B.Donald (1937) aged 91. Ian Donald ,vas born in Wigan bur b[ought up in Belfast. He attended Sedbergh School and came co Queens' in 19}7 co study Mechanical Sciences. He was a keen rugby and cricket player ac College. On graduation in 1940 he joined a branch of the Air Min.iscry in Northern Ireland constructiJ1g aerodromes and seaplane bases in the Province. Lacer in the war he transferred co Open Case Coal Mining. After 1945 he decided co put his Civil Engineering skills to use in Local Government service. Initially he joined the Burnley Borough Engineers Deparm1enr, later working for various local authorities and 6nishinghis career as DireccorofTechnicalServices for Eastleigh, Hampshire. In 1980 he retired and moved co Cumbria where he spem 10 years as a sheep farmer, installing many innovative water supply anddrainage systems on his property co che greac intere.sc of his neighbolirS. Colonel P.D.Scocie-Pugh, C.B.E., M.C., T.D., D.L., PhD., F.R.S.C., F.R.C.V.S. (1937) aged 91. Peter Storie-Pugh ,vas the son of a well-known veterinarian,Leslie Penrhys Pugh, who was co become the first Professor of Veterinary Clinical Studies at Cambridge in 1952. Peter was born in Sevenoaks and educated ac Malvern College. He came up co Queens' as a Scholar ro read Natural Sciences burjoined the Am1ywhen war brokeouc, having been a member ofthe University

Ca_valry Squadron. He was commissioned in the Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment and went co France as part of the British E..xpeditionary Force. He was wounded and became a prisoner-of-war during the German offensive which culminated at Dunkirk (his family were mistakenly informed that he had been killed in action), winning the Milicary Cross for his leadership when his company was ordered to hold an imporranr. road junction against a German arnwured column as pare of the Barde of Doullens. He proved co be a most difficulr prisoner. After numerous escape attempts, including well-docun1emed ones from Bapaurne Hospira! and Spangenburg Castle, he ,vas evemually senc co Oflag IVC - Colditz, che forcre.ss in Saxony used as a 'high-securiry' prisoncr-of-\\".lr camp for 'incorrigible' allied officers who had made repeated escape accempts. Peter worked tirelessly co help ochers escape and made at lease four attempts co gee away hi.mself bur waS recaptured on each occasion. His celebrated cheerfulness is choughc to have conrcibuced co the hig.h morale of the prisoners, who were liberated by the American At1ny in April 1945. His lectures, lacer in life, on "How co escape from Coldicz~ became legendary. He was awarded a military M.B.E. for "Gallam and Discinguished Service in the Field" in 1946. He continued as a member of the Territorial Army, rising co che rank of Colonel as Depury Commander 161 Infuncry Brigade TA and receiving the 'Terricotial Decoration~ After the War, he decided to follow his father inco che veterinary profession and qualiJi.ed from the Royal Veterinary College in London in 1948. He returned ro Cambridge, co d1e Deparcmenc of Animal Pathology, to study for a Ph.D. He was then appoinced as a University Lecturer in the newly-opened Veterinary School. specialising in sheep husbandry and medicine. H.is lecmre.s were always encercaining, usually including a cordon bleu recipe, but he would sometimes question the value of leccuringon "the poor old woollies~ "1l1ere are only three sores ofsheep you'll ever be called co see: dead sheep, dying sheep, and sheep chac are going to gee better by chClll'Sclves~ He owned Tyrell's Hall at Shepreth, where he bred pigs and farmed on a small scale. He was Chairman of the National Sheepbreeders Association. He was Commandant of the Cambridgeshire Army Cadet Force for 5 years and was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire in 1963. lo parallel with his University career (he became a Pellow ofWolfson College), he was very active in narioJlal veterinary affairs. He was twice (in 1968- 69 and rather unusually again in 1970-71) Presidencof the British Veterinary Association. He served asan elected member on the Cow1cil of che Royal College ofVecerinary Surgeons (the vets' professional body) for 28 years from 19s6 umil 1984 ,md was President of the RCVS 1977-78. He received many honours from the Profession - he was elected a Fellow of the Royal College in 197S, received the Dalrymple-Champneys Medal and Cup in 1986 and became an Honorary Member of the BVA. He had many contacts in Europe, partly through his wartime exploits, and he helped esrablish and became the first President of the Federation of Veterinarians of the EEC. He was appointed CBE for services ro d1e Veterinary Profession. In retirement he became an important advisor co the European Commission. Larrerly he lived in the Tarn district of France but bccan1e incapaciraced as a result of serious injuries StIStained in a road accident in 1998. He was the lase survivor of the original bacd1 ofBritish officers senc to Coldicz in December 1940 and spoke waanly, co the end of his life. of the camaraderie enjoyed by chose men. E.H.Higham (1940) aged 89. Edwatd H igham was born in Alrrincham in Cheshire and arcendedAlrrincham Grammar School, where he developed a keen incere.sc in all things mechanical and eleccrical. On leaving school he ,vas taken on as an apprentice by Mecropolican Vickers Electric Company (Merrovic), the large engineering firm based near Old Trafford. On cheoutbreak ofwar, however, he was offered the opport:llllity to come up to Queens' co read Mechanical Sciences and he matriculated in 1940. He and his family were immensely proud of chis achievement. He graduated under ,varcirne conditions in 1941. Some of the phocographs chat he cook of Queens' during che War were published in the 1.005 edition of the Reco_,-d. He joined the research team at Unilever, based initially at Pore Sunlight, chen ac headquarters in London. He specialised in process and managem.enc conrrol and ,vas involved in many individual projects ar Unilever, including che production of W'alls Ice Cream at their Gloucester factory. From 1968 until his retirement in 1986 he worked for Foxboro-Yoxall in Redhill, continuing co specialise in the design, development and application of Row measuremem systems for the process"induscries. He worked extensively with colleagues from the parent company in Massachusetts and rhe Dutch subsidiary in Soesc and made many friends from accoss che world. In retirement a new career opened up as an academic. He became involved ac Cranfield with the forma.tion ofa re.search consortium, involving severa!Ulliversiries, rhe National Engineering Laboracocy and a large number of commercial companies, on stace-of-rhe-arc Bow mecrology. He then moved to the position of Senior Research Fellow at


Qfteens' College Record 2or2 the University of Sussex. assisting in che teaching of w1dergraduaces and PhD students, and finally became a Visiting Professor.An acknowledged international authority in his field, he retained his concaccs wich Sussex into his late 8os and kept in touch with colleagues and former studencs all over the world. J.A.S.Mowat, M.Sc. (1940) aged 88. Alistair Mowat was bo(n in Boston, Lincolnshire, of Scottish parents in 19u. His father was a doctor and his mother a faccory inspector (one of che 6rsc women in chat profession) and he was brought up in Chapel-en-le-Frith, in Buxton and in Cheshire. bur his Scottish heritage was always of great importance to him - he even met his wife at a Scottish Cowury Dancing Club. He won a scholarship co Epsom College and came up co Queens· in 1940 co read Natural Sciences. After Part I in 1941., he was called up imo che Anny and joined the Royal Engineers, serving in the European campaign after D-Day through Belgium, Holland and Gei:many. He was then posted to l:qorth West lndia and reached the rank of Captain but soon returned co Cambridge co sic Part II Metallurgy in 1947 (though he had been granted a degree ru1der warcime regulations in 1943). In 1953 work which he had submitted was accepted for an MSc degree. His career was spent working for che UI(Acomic Energy Authority at Windscale in Cumberland, Dounreay in North Scotland and finalJy Springfields in Lancashire. He retired after 35 years with the Auchority in 1984 co Crich in Derbyshire. He was a dedicated golfer, cook a great interest in politics and current affairs, was a member of the Ramblers Association and followed rugby. particularly che Scottish national side. He and his wife we!'\: Members of Derbys.hire County Cricket Club and enjoyed warchiog many matches. He was fascinated by asnonomy and by history (especially Sc.orcish history). He brewed his own beer and made his own wine and enjoyed a glass of whisky. He did a great deal ofwork in rhe local community and participated in a wide range of adult education classes, even learning Russian late in life.

Spring in 1he Grove. graduated in 1943 and joined the Na,'}·, but the War had vircnally finished by che rime he had been fully trained. He was stationed in Flensburg, Schleswig HolSte.i.n, where the German Naval Academy is situated. He recalled with amusement one crip back co England on a Royal Navy ship with a number of high-ranking Army pe1-sonnel. Naval convention is that all R.N. officers should have the hoMur ofdisembarking 6rsc, before officers of the other services. So,the Army cop brass bad co wait for him, a mere Sub-Lieucen.a.r.\t. He ,vas demobilised in 1946 but joined the Royal Naval Reserve, attaining the rank of LiemenantConmiander and receiving the Royal Naval Reserve Decoration in r971. On lcavingthe Navy, Michael was articled co Smirk and Thompson.a furn ofsolicitors in Newcasde-upon-Tyne and remained with chem (the firm amalgamaced with Williamson & Co. and eventually became part ofEversheds) all his working life, becoming a partner. His practice was of a general nature. though he particularly enjoyed advocacy, especially in the Magistrates Courts. He was President of che Newcascle,upon-Tyne Incorporated Law Society 1983-84. He was a naturalist and a keen fisherman (especially on the Coquec, in Nocthurnbrian loughs and in rhe Highlands). He was a regular opera goer with an especial knowledge ofVerdi. He was a good raconteur and was much in demand as an after-dinner speakec. He was a Freemason and Provincial Grand MascerofNonhumberland 199i-98. He suffered from poor health after the death of his wife and laccerly lived in a Masonic retirement home in Crarnlingcon, Northumberland.

A.N.Wilson (1940) aged 87. Tony Wilson was born in l9t~ in Cologne, where his father. a British Army doctor, was starioned. Along with his twin brother, Cedric (see below) he was brought up io 'Wednesbury. where his father bec.ame a G.P., afier che family returned to the UK. He was educated at Ackworth School, near Poncefracc, and came up co Queens' to read Economics. sitting Pare I in 1941. His studies were interrupted by war service - he joined che R.A.F. and flew Mosquitoes on ferrying missions across the Atlantic and on recormaissance and bombing sorties over Europe. He recalled flying back from one snch mission and seeingche advancing mass of shipping heading for the Normandy beaches. In the mid 1960s he completed a gliding course. He returned to Queens' afier che 'War and sat P·art II Law in 1947, subsequently qualifyi11g as a soli.cicor. He had a long and successful career in Dudley. He lived with Cedric and his family in Wednesbury until he married in his 6os - in retirement he lived with his wife's family in Barner. They were both keen bridge players. Tony becameMembership Secretary for rhe Mosquito Aircrew Association, corresponding widely with members and other former R.A.F. servicemen. He was also, with his wife, active in the Dyslexia Association, working as Membership Secretary. Like all his family he was a very competitive spores player. Li his youth he played tennis and football and was a keen swimmer. For many years he played hockey for \Vednesbury. Later he devoted a great deal of time co golf (playing eight-handed though he was naturally lefthanded). He died after a shore illness.

J.T.Scone, M.C.• F.!.C.E.• F.I.'W.M. {1941) aged 89. John Scone was born and brought up in Weymouch and attended Weymouth Grammar School He came up co Queens' in 19.p co read Mechanical Sciences but soon joined the Army and was commissioned in the Corps of Royal Engineers. He served in North Africa and in Sicily and Italy before reruming co England co prepare for D-Day. As a Lieutenant in l74 Field Company, Royal Engineers, he volru1ceered (he always claimed by accident) for an extremely dangerous and daring clandestine mission, Operation Tarbrush, in the run up co che invasion. Jc was (eared chat che Germans had developed a new type of mine which chcy had attached to the numerous anti-invasion obsrades on the Channel beaches. The Operation was designed to examine d1ese mines to sec if d1ey would threaten the invasion forces. John, with members of10 Commando, wasrransporced across checharmcl by Motor To,:pedo Boat, a dory and finally a dinghy co a beach near che Somme Estuary south of Boulogne in the middle of May 1944- The dinghy capsized near the beach. che party was caught in che beam of a searchlight but not spotted and .finally, when. he was examining the mine on cop of a high stake using a ladder, he overbalanced and finished up cli11ging onto the mine with all his weight (chus determining that it was not booby-rrapped!). The parcywas able to identify th.e device as an ordinary anti-tank mine and they were che only one of four reams to gee onco a beach ai)d renirn safely co England. He was debriefed in Whitehall by Field Marshal Momgomery in person and by his chief.of-staffand as a result the D-Day landings were rescl1eduled for a half ride, n.or a high one.John Stone was awarded che Military Cross for this act of bravery and also received a congranilacory relegram ftom Winscon Churchill. He saw further action in Normandy, Belgiru11 and the Netherlands. He was demobilised in 1946 and eventually returned co Queens; si.tt:ing Part I Mechanical Sciences in 1949. Thereali:er he worked for the Souchaiupcon County Borough Engince1ingDeparanent, becoming a Chartered Civil Engineer in 195~ and lacer a fellow of the Institutes o{Ci.vil Eoginccrs and

C.J.Wilson, M.B., B.Chir., J.P. (1940) aged 88. Cedric Wilson was, like his twin brother Tony (see above), born in Cologne, brought up in \'Vednesbury and educated at Acl..·worth School. He came up co Queens' at che same time as his brother ro study Medi.cine. At Co.liege he was an athlete, participating in all the soci,J and sporting activities chat Queens' bad co offer, despite the necessary wartime restrictions. Like his brothers, he enjoyed many spores, notably running, tennis, football and swimming. and cerebral pastimes. He roo became a keen golfer later in life. He went on co che Queen Elizabeth Hospica!, Birmingham, for his clinical training, qualifying in 1948. He undertook National Service in the Royal Army Medical Corps in Mogadishu, Somalia. On recurning co England in 1950, he cook over his fucher's General J>ractice in 'Wcdnesbury. He was a G.P. of rhe old school, always wearing a white coat for consultations, visiting patients at home, holding evening surgeries and caking his share of'on call' hours. He was also a magistrate, serving as aJ.1>. in Wednesbury. He retired in 1982 and devoted much time to golf and ro travel. He had been in poor health for several years but outlived his twin by 4 months. Another brother, Dr £tic 'Wilson (1946) was also ac Queens'. M.N.Craigs, R.D. (1941) aged 87. Michael Craigs was a solic.icor's son, born in Ashington. Coru1cy Durham. He ,vas educated ar Worksop College and came co Queens' in 1941 on the Royal Navy Shore Course scheme co read Law. He

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of Water and Environmemal Management. From 1952-54 be was Assisrant Resident Engineer at Heathrow Airport; working on runW'd}"S, the aCCC$$ runnel, rhe central terminal building and the conrrol rower. He then joined L. Mouchel and Partners, International Consulting Engineers. He worked on the desigr\ ai\d supervision and project design of a variety of civic bnildings, hospicals, schools, power stations, drainage projem and on coasl:\l protection. He became the firm's Regional Engineer for South Wesc England and South Wales and io 1969 became a Parmer. He worked on managing multidisciplinary reams involved in project design and execution for urban development and transportation especially in the U.K. and in South America. From 1982 until 1987 he was a Consulranr ro the firm, particularly on litigation matters. He retired in 1987 and scctled again in Weymouth, chairing a Dorset Valuation Tribunal and doing a great deal of voluntary work. He was an active member of the Rotary Club and of che local branch of the Royal Engineers Association and helped found the Probus Clnbs in W~ymouth and Melcome Regis.

Techno!ogkai Research described methods of rigorous experiment design which had helped Glacier become a leader in the field of plain bearings. ln 1960 he joined the British Iron and Steel Research Association as Assistant Director and became involved in the development of high strength low alloy steels (Sllch as those used in most modern cars). His work was recognised by the award ofa PhD by Cambridge University in 1968. Together with Geoff Hoyle, he pioneered rhe elecrro-slag refining method. used to purify the very high strength steels used, for instance, in aircrafi: undercarriages. This work resulted in another highly-regarded book. He was then head-hunted by the Fulmer Research lnstiruce, then the only commercial contract research company in the UK, which he rransformed inro an international organisation with sales in the millions ofpounds and offices in the USA, Singapore ai1d South Africa. In the 1980s he helped forge what has become the Association oflndepcndent Research and Technology Organisarions and was twice it'S President. In 1991 he edited another book, Contract Research. In 1975 he was President of the lnstirution of Merallurgisrs (having been elected a Fellow in 1963) and secured ics Royal Charter. He was elected to the Royal Academy of Engineering in 1980 and appointed OBE in 1991, the year he retired. He received Honorary Doctorates from the Universities of Brunel and Surrey and served on many committees promoting innovation and engineering. He was a Trustee of rhe Comino Foundation.

C.A.F.Warner (1942.) aged 86. Tony Warner came up co Queens' from Wolverhampton Grammar School ro read Modern and Medieval Languages. In 1943 he joined the Army and, serving with the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surreys), he landed in Normandy on D Day plus Two. In November 1944 he was wounded whilst fighting in Holland and was transferred ro rhe Royal Army Service Corps. On demobilisation he rerurned to Queens; raking Parr I Modem and Medieval Languages (French and German) in 1947 and Part II in 1948. He rhen went on to gain a Certificate of Education ar the Department of Education in Cambridge. He caught Modern Languages in a number of grammar and secondary schools and from 1960 to 1963 he was employed by dle Northern Rhodesian (as it then was) Department ofEducacion to reach French. ln 1966 he was appointed as a Lecc.urer in Modern Languages ar che Wulfrun College of Further Educarion in Wolverhampton, subsequently becoming Head of Department. He retired in 1988. To1\ywas a devout Christian all his life. At College he was a memberofCICCU and in 1965, the year he married, he became a Reader in the Church ofEngland. He was a strong supporter ofhis local church, Sr Jude's Wolverhampton, and served on Wolverhampton Deanery Synod.

The Revd Cano1i M.P.Simcock (1945) aged 84. Michael Simcock was a Lancascrian descended from a line of several generations ofAnglican priescs. His father became Vicar of Calstock rhen of Penryn, so Michael put down Cornish roots and was educated at Truro Cathedral School. He read Theology at Queens' and was a keen bell ringer. His academic career was interrupted by two years National Service in the East Lancashire Regiment and he returned to College in 1949 to complete his degree. From Queens' he went in 1950 co Bishops' College, Cheshunr, for training in the Church of England, being ordained deacon in 1952. and priest in 1953. Afrer curacies at Andover and then Eastleigh, he spent 10 years as Minister ofTadley St Mary, Hampshire, a new town, centred on ics Atomic Research Esrablishrnem, where he built up the church and church hall, acquiring the soubriquet 'the Atomic Parson'. In 1967 he returned co Cornwall as Vicar of Altarnon ('the Cathedral of rhe Moor') and Bolvenror, and chen from 1970 he served as Vicar ofTrclcigh. In 1987 he became Rector ofRedruch with Lanner, then Team Rector of the combined parishes of Redruch, Lanner and Treleigh. He was Rural Dean of Car1\marth.Nordl 1975- 91 and was an Honorary Canon ofTruro Cathedral from 1982.. He also served as Chaplain ofBarncoose Hospital The Green and CLASP and was an official qfboth the Treleigh Floral Art Club and che lllogan Sparnon Band. He retired io 1992. and lived in Falmouth. He was an organ-builder, an able pianist and a cartoonist, famous for his Christmas cards, but his greatest passion was trains - he was something of a ,valking Bradshaw. He built a huge mod.el railway with his son and was above all an historian of, ai1d frequent visitor to, the Ffestiniog Railway (which he usually managed co mention in his sermons). In retiremenr he took a keen interest in sailing and helped officiate at the Flushing Sailing Club. He had a great sense ofhwnour- it is reported d1ar he once asked some parents the name of a child he was about to baptise. He received che answer "Anne with an E" - so he prompdy christened her 'Anne Withanee'. He is remembered with much affection as a "faithful, erudiri:, unstuffy, deeply caring and humorous" priest.

E.B.Atkinsoo (1943) aged 86. Edward (Ted) Atkinson was born in Consett, County Durhan1. His father, an entrepreneur who had scarred as a 12.-year old selling vegetables from a carr, was keen co give his children a good education, though Ted did not really enjoy rhe boarding school, Coarham School in Redcai;, co which he was sent. At six he built a crystal radio set and was a keen scientist from an early age, experimenting with any chemicals on which he could lay his hands. He read Natural Sciences at Queens; graduating in 1945, but was something ofa polymath, interested in literature, music, poetry and art. Hewas Famous for using everyday household items for demonstrating the principles of physics co his friends and playing on his Northern roots and accent. From 194s till l975 he worked in che Physics Department of BX Plastics Research Division near Maningcree and lived in lpswich. For a brief while Margaret Thatcher worked under him. There were frequenc Family rrips co his beloved Lake District. He speci,alised in rheology, the science of viscosiry and flow, and he worked on rhe behaviour of new grades of polystyrene and comcibured to the lirerarure on molten polymers and concenrraced polymer solutions. He also invented a machine for measuring the thickness of plastic film which was developed by an American fum, Raychem. \Vb.en BX closed their research division, he moved co S,vindon to join Raychem UK, srudying heat-shrinkable plastic rubing. Major heart surgery was followed by retirement back ro Suffolk. Ted became an expert janl and also wine maker; he enjoyed his enormous garden; he sang in the church choir and the Ipswich Bach Choir; he attended concem ai1d read everything from Plato to modem novels. He was mher a quiet, sclf-dfacing person but full of inventiveness and generosity when helping ochers. He was famous for his phenomenal memory, especially of physics and marhs, and he kept something of an Aladdin's cave of chemicals in his home. Ill-health, r.he death -of his wife and a daughter and finally dementia blighted his final years.

The Rt Revd K.H.Pillar (r946) aged 86. Ken Pillar was educated ar Devonport High School for Boys and came up to Queens' in 1946 a&er service in. rhe Royal Navy ar rhe end of dle War. He w:1s an active member of the Christian Union and rhe Chapd community. He read Theology and continued his srud.ies at Rid.Icy Hall ali:er graduating in 1948. He had a passion for mission and for people and was ordained deacon in 1950 and priest in 1951. He was curare of All Saints, Childwall, in the Diocese of Liverpool, 1950-53 and dlen served as Chaplain ofL.ee Abbey for four years. The community at Lee Abbey had many links with students and he spent much of his time visiting universities and running missions. In 1957 he became Vicar of St Pauls, Beckenham, aiid was also Rochester Diocesan Missioner. In 1962. he moved co St Mary, Bredin, in the Diocese of Canterbury, bur only rhree years later was asked ro rerurn co L.ee Abbey as Warden. In 1970 he returned to parish ministry as Vicar of Waltham Abbey in Essex, where he spent I l ycat-s, also serving as Rural Dean of Chigwell and then of Epping Forest. The parish almost tripled in populatiqn whilst he was there. In 1982 he was consecrated as Bishop of Hertford, suffragan in the Sr Albans Diocese, and greatly enjoyed these lasr years of his full-rime minisrry. speaking widdy and helping clergy in need. He retired in 1989 and became an A$Sistant .Bishop in the Diocese of Sheffield, living in the city. He was for 10 years the Chaianan of the Council of Scargill House in Kerdewell, a Christian conference and holiday centre and a community with many similarities to L.ee Abbey. He continued 1n active ministry almost co rhe end of his life.

W.E.Ducl-worth, O.B.E., Ph.D., F.I.M.M., F.Jnsr.P., F.R.Eng. (1943) aged 86. Eric Ducl,.¡won:h was born io Blackburn and brought up in Greater Crosby. He came up to Queens' from Watedoo wid1 Seaforth Gran\mar School on a Scace Bursary and Entrance Exhibition in 1943 to read Natural Sciences. He speciallsed in Merallurgy, graduating ali:er Part ll in 1945. He went to work at Glacier Mera! Co. He wrote A Guide to Operational Re.search, the fuse description of the industrial use of dle OR techniques developed during dle War. The book became an instant success in the academic world and was soon rranslarcd into several other languages. le was updated in 1977- Under che influence of Wilfred (later Lord) Brown ar Glacier Metal, Eric developed st.atistical control rechniques which were of immense help to many factories. His second book Statistical Techniques in

74


Queens' College Record 20I2 helping at Sc Mary's, Bredin, and ac St Gabriel's, Rough Common, and reciting the daily offices and mass ar the chapel in Nunnery Fields. His faith and ministry were centred on prayer, liturgy and the care of ochers. G.C.Band, O.B.E. (1949) aged 82.. George.Band was one of the lase surviving climbers from the celebrated British Everest Expedition of 1953 when the mountain was first conquered. He was also famed among mountaineers as the first, with Joe Brown, co achieve the ascenr of che rhird highest mountain in the world, Kanchenjunga. He was born in Japanese-controlled Taiwan, the son of a Queensman, Edward Band (1905), who was a Presbyterian missionary. Fortunately George left Taiwan for England two weeks before Pearl Harbor. He was educated ar Eltham College, where he was an oucsranding athlete. .Before coming up to Queens' he did two years of National Service with the Royal Corps of Signals. He read Natural Sciences, specialising in Geology, bur was also much invoh!ed in the Univers.ity Athletics Club and especially the C.U. Mountaineering Club, of which he became President. He lacer scudied pen:oleum engineering at Imperial College, London. He goc round the fierce foreign exchange laws, which severely limited the amount ofsterlin,g that could be raken abroad and thus curtailed any sray in the Alps, by obtaining a job there during the summer of 1952. digging a tunnel for a glaciologist. In his spare time he climbed as much as possible, stealing a march on his contemporaries, and so was selecred for the Everest Expedition by Colonel John Hunt as he had far more Alpine experience than others of his age. He was the youngest of the climbers on the Expedition, rook responsibility for the radio commuru~tions and recording weather forecasrs (his experience in Signals standing him in good stead) and for the food, and played a major role in preparing the way for Tenzing and Hilary by pioneering the route through the Khumbu kef.ill and up the Lhocse Face. He was at Advanced Base Camp when the exhausted conquerors of Everest returned &om the summit. "It was a very dramatic moment and we very happily escorted them back to our tentS and sat them down for a very well-earned drink". Retuming co .England be was swept up in a wh irlwind ofcelebrations and back at Cambridge was said co be giving more public lectures than mosr of the dons. He returned co the Himalayas in 19s4 as part ofa University of CambridgeMountaineering Club attempt on Rakaposhi (7,788 metres) in the Karalcoram. The accempc was unsuccessful, buc the nex:ryear he was back, delaying his caieer, to attempt the unclimbed Kanchenjunga (8,586 metres). TechnicallY. chis was a much rougher climb than Everest, involving the ascent of the over 3,000 metre Yalung Face. Enduring a 60 hour scorm, Band and Brown made it ro the top. Two more members of the expedition made the ascent buc ir was 22 years before the mountain \YaS climbed again. There were to be other mountaineering expeditions; notably to the Caucasus, the Alps and Peru. In 1957 George began a career with Royal Dutch Shdl that took him ro the United Scates, Venezuela, Bangladesh, Oman, Holland and Malaysia. He started as a petroleum engineer concerned with the development of oil and gas reserves and served the company for 2.6 years, eventually becoming Managing Director of SheU in Sarawak and Sabah. On return to the U.K. in 1983 he became Di.rector Gene.cal of rhe UK Offshore Operators Association, representing gas and oil companies operating on the continental she!ÂŁ On ceriremenr in 1990 he began a new career as a writer-and lecrurer, also leading advencure treks co India, Cencral Asia, Nepal, Sikkim and Bhucan. He wrote an official history of Mount Everest, Everest: JI) Years-on Top ofthe Wt,,-/d (2.003) and also Summit (2006) cdebracing the 150 years of the oldesr mounrai.neering club in the world, the Alpine Club (of which he was President- at the official celebrations in 2007 in Zermact he joined the mass ascent of the 4,164 metre snow summic of the Breithom at the age of 78). He was Chairman of the Mount Everest Foundation, a Council Member of the Royal Geographical Society and Presidenr of the British Mountaineering Council He also became Chairman of the Himalayan Trust UK, continuing Sir Edmund Hilary's work on behalf of the Sherpa people. He was appointed OBEin 2.009 for mouncaineetingand fo.r b.ischaritywock.Amodcst,kindlyand generous man, he was a great supporter of Queens'.

The txQske/etQn ofa dragonfly, MathematkalBridge. R.M.Duggan (1947) aged 89. Michael Duggan mended Cranbrook School in Kent. In the summer of 1940 he scarred an apprenticeship at an engineering company in Cowes. To his great regret he had failed eyesight rescs for the forces, bur in 1942 he joined rhe Merchant Navy, serving with P&O as an engineer and working closely with the 14th Army in Burma; later he joined a hospital ship ferrying troops back from the Far East. Despite his ignorance of Physics, Archi.e Browne agreed to admit him to Queens' to read Mechanical Sciences in 1947, provided he spent a Long Vacation Term ar Queens' first to catch up. He often recalJed with grear fondness Isis eicperienccs ar College in those post-war years of austerity and rationing, remembering incidents such as rhe great Hoods with dons punting on the lawns outside Fisher and the visit of the Queen Morher in 1948. In his university days he was a keen athlete. In 1.950 he joined the Marine Development Deparrroent of Shell as a research engineer. He oversaw the trials of the new gas turbine engines, nor previously used in ships, which did not respond weU to salt water. He was awarded a Denny Gold Medal for this work on the gas curbine ship 'Auris'. After several years at sea, he returned to run a research department in Shell Centre in London. There was still plenty of eraveiling as he researched damage &om bow waves in the Suez Canal, CC$ponded to the revolution in ship design as companies reverted to the long routes round the Cape in response to unrest and war in the Middle East, and was involved in the design of rankers to carcy fuel, such as liquefied natural gas, at very low temperatures. He was also much involved in health and safety matters after cheap deaning processes caused several cankers to explode. He retired from Shell in 1979, eventually settling in Tralee in County Kerry after 50 years living in Redhill. He learned to walk again after a serious stroke in zooo and until recenrlyswarn a mile a week. His uncle, the lace Ernest Duggan (1910), his cousin the !are $mare Duggan (1949) and his son William Duggan (1974) also came to Queens'. The Revd V.P.Bowen (1948) aged 84. Paul Bowen was born into a clerical family and is reputed co have told the Archbishop of Canterbury, Cosmo Gordon Lang, that he intended to be a priest when he was only six years old. He was brought up on the Isle of Sheppey and was a pupil ar Sr Edmund's School, Canrecbury, but was for a time evacuated to Cornwall. He was called up in 1944 and joined the Quee1l's Own Royal West Kent Regimem, serving in Geanany and Belgium. The death in action ofhis brother had a profound effect upon him. He read Theology at Queens' and went on to Ely Theological College. He was ordained in the Diocese of Oxford in 1953 serving his tide in die parish of Sc Mary and ScJohn, Cowley. He then moved in 1956 to be Assistant Curare at Sr Thomas, Brentwood, running the parish after the vicar died. He and his wife became specialises on the Saints ofEngland, touring the country co research them and creating 500 kneelers depicting the Saints' symbols. In 1961 he moved to be Rector ofCranham in Essex, where he served for 10 years, building up a congregation and building a church hall. Then from 1971 until his reciremencjn 1991 he was Recror of St Mary's with Christchurch, Wanscead, cransfonning a middle of the road parish into a thriving Anglo-Catholic one. The churches were thoroughly restored and che church. school rebuilt. He was famed for his pastoral care, his hospiralicy, the glories of the licurgy under his leadership, his encouragement of others and his teaching. Some of his stories were incorporated into a book, A Fam;& Business - Through the Christian Y,,ar with Father Fred, a simple, direct reaching on the faith with hun1our andperceprion. O,li:en acrired in full High Church fig - cassock, cloak, biretta, buckled shoes - and with a monocle clamped in his eye (there was always the worry it might fall into the chalice during the daborateEuchariscic liturgy), he cue an imposing fi~e in the Diocese of Chelmsford. He retired co Cancerbury,

G.Goonesena (1953) aged So. Garnini Goonescna is m0st remembered as a fustdass cricketer and captain of Sri Lanka. He was educa.red ar the Royal College, Colombo, (where he lirst came co the cricket world's attention as a 16-year old in the annual 6ercely-concested Royal-Thomian match). He came to England with the intention of joining the .RA.F., but when, afi:er a spell ar Cranwell, he was turned down for pilot training, he was signed by Nortinghamshirc asa ptofessional cricketer. He changed his statuS to amateur in 1954. H e also underrookscudy ar Nottingham Technical College before coming to Queens' in 1953, where he read Economics for a year, then Law for an Ordinary Degree. He played cricket as an all-rounder for the University &om I9S4 un.til 1957 and was the fuse Asian to captain the University side in 1957. In the Blues match at Lords against Oxford that year, he scored xu, still the highest coral ever stored by a Cambridge barsman in the Varsity Match, He also took 4for 40 inOxfords second innings, completing a crushingviccory by

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in the third year. He played an active role in che University Photographic Society and he regularly contributed co Vanity. Afrer College he mostly wocked io rhe Electronics and Telecoms sector, in particular with GEC and lacer NEC. Through his work he travelled widely. Some of his working life was spent living in Milan whilst employed by GT & E. On his rerw:n tO rhe UK. he settled wim his family in Oxfordshire. Afrer reriremenr he involved himself with local organisations and dub activities, particularly photography, arr and international evenr.s. Apart from his life-long love ofphotography - especially the latest digital developments - he was always interested in scientific applications and modem technology and he devoted his lase years to implementi.ng 'green' solutions into his own house. He died suddenly after a short illness.

Walma Tree Comt lamp. an innings and 186 runs, the largest margin of victory ever recorded in che fixrw:e. He remains che only player from either Wliversiry to have scored 2.000 rwlS and taken 2.00 wicketS whilst asrudent. He graduated B.A. in 19;7. He is the only player to have completed the 'double' of 1000 first-class runs and 100 \vickecs in a season (1955) whilst still at universiry and he repeated the feat in 1957. He played from tin1e to time for Nottinghamshire 1953-64 and in 7 consecutive Gentlemen v Players encounters, a record for an overseas player. He first played for Ceylon (Sri Lanka) in 1950 againsrPakisran. This was long before Sri Lanka was a recognised Test country, bur he captained che team in an w1official Test against Jndia in 1956. The march was drawn, but he cop-scored wich 48 and captured 7 for 69 wich hls leg spin. He toured the West Indies with E.W. Swanrons Jnremacional Tean1 in 1956 and again with the '1;,iternational Cavaliers' in 1965. He was employed after 1961 by the Ceylon Tea Board in Ausn:alia (and later in England) and whilst in Auscral.ia played several Sheffield Shleld games for New South Wales, deputising for Richie Benaud as the leg spirmcr when the Australian was away on international dury. [n all he played in 194 first class matches, scoring ;751 rwis and raking 674 wickers. He co-wrote a book, Spin Bou,ling. On retirement from competitive cricket, he was appointed Sri Lankan representative on the ICC and also managed the Tcscside on a tour ofIndia in 198:z.. Until :z.004 he worked as a Test corrunenraror for Sri Lankan TV and radio, evencually seeding in Australia, initially in Sydney, then in Canberra. J.M.Leech, M.Lirc. (1953.) aged 77- James Leech was born in London and arrended Dulwich College. He undertook National Service in.Egypt, then came up co Queens' in 19;3 with a .London County Cowicil Senior Scholarship co srudy English. After graduation he went on co Univetsity College ofNorth Wales in Bangor co take an M.Licc. - his thesis copic was "Jane Austen and the 18th Century Moral Traclition". Afrer a brief period teaching in London, he caught Engltsh in Eascem Europe, including lengthy spells teaching io Ankara for the British Council, the Universiry of Ankara and ar the Turco-British Association. Ac each pose he familiarised himself with chc local language and published texr books and articles as well as broadcasting. His unwillingness co fly meant many lengthy trans-European Journeys by rail. He returned co the UK in 1983 and widertook social work for Mind in Leeds. Latterly he lived in Yeadon, Leeds, keeping in touch with his many friends. Sadly he suffered a stroke in 2.006 and was wheelchair bound for the last three years of his life. However, he bore his disability with greacdigniry and his mind remained as sharp as ever. C.Gannon (1957) aged 73. Christopher Gannon was born in Chelmsford and attended Brentwood School, where he gained a Scace Scholarship. AJi:er National Service he came up to Queens' co read Engineering: he did the Mechanical Sciences 'fast' course of two years, and remained at College co study Management

A.R.I.Cruicksharik, Ph.D. (1958) aged 79.Arthur Cruickshank was r)1eonlychild ofa Scottish couple living in Kenya. where Arthur's father was an engineer on sisal fib.re plantations. Alier a serious arrack of malaria he was sent at the age of six co Scotland to board at Dollar Academy io Clackmannanshire. The \Var separated him from hls fun.ily for years but lodging during the holidays in Coldstream gave hlm a love of che Borde.rs and of the cowitryside as well as some experience of furn Uylife. He spent his National Service io tbe RAF. and ,vas disappointed that his eyesight was nor good enough for a permanent aircrew career. He then went up ro Edinburgh University to read Geology; swirchiog co Zoology as his interest in palaeontology grew. [n 1958 he came ro Queens' to study fora PhD in Zoology under Professor Re.x Parrington. He served as a member of the Territorial Ar.my and became a Jirsc-class marksman, gaining a rifle shooting Blue for Edinburgh University and later a Cambridge Half.Blue. His research concencraccd on the dicynodonr Teiragonias.a member oftheeatl.icst group ofplane-earing land reptiles. On leaving Queens.he took up a lccruringpost at Edinburgh Universiry and rhen at Napier College. His researches soon cook him to South Afu.ca, Australia and New Zealand as he became one of d1e leading e.~errs on th.e extinct species of che gteat southern continent of Gondwanaland dw:iog the Permian and Triassic Periods (qoo-200 million years ago). In 1967 he became Assisrant Director of the Bcmard Price Instin1tc for Palaeontological Researd1 at che University of \Vitwatersrand,Johaonesburg. There his research extended from the dicynodoncs co basal archosau.rs, the ancestors of crocodiles, dinosaurs and birds - there were important collections of fossils of these creatures in South African museWlls. His derailed anatomical descriptions are still used as definitive sources today and he published widely in evolutionary studies. In 1978 he and his fumily returned to the U.K. and he made ends meet as an Open Unh•ersity Tutor and with freelance work for mll$ewns, until a permanent job at the New Walk Musewn in Leicester came along. This led him imo research in the Jurassic and Cretaceons periods (200-65 million years ago) and in particular inro the scudyofplciosaurs and other ma.tine reptiles. His work on specimens in Lcicesrer, Peterborough, Bristol and Dorset led to support 6:om rhe Royal Sociery and several retllnl research rtips ro the Southern hemisphere. Arthur finally (etired back to his beloved Scotland in 2004, eventually settling near Ha,vick. He has been described as a modest, jovial and likeable man, always ready to help and advise and collaborate with yowiger colleagues in the palaeontological world. He was an inspiring lecturer and meoror of many young scientists. He was a life-long liberal, active in the .Liberal Democrat Parry. He maintained an interest all his life in aircraft- his model aircraftcoUection has found a h.ome at ch.c Royal Scottish Musewn io Edinbw:gh - and he was a devotee ofair shows and air museums wherever he went in the world. His passion was gliding - he was once forced to land ac an old airfield which, unbeknown co him, had become a nuclear missile base. The commanding officer was so pleased ro sec a 'real aircraft' char he treated Arthw: to lunch. Professor G.F.Savi.dge, M.B., B.Chir. (1959) aged 70. Geoff Savidge was educated ar Cranbrook College in Kent and came up co Queens' to read Narw:al Sciences as a medical smden.t in 19>9¡ He was an accomplished classical pianist and great lover of music. He we.or on co Barr's in London for his clinical training. qualifying as a docror in 196s. He worked for a time in Finland and then for 10 years in Sweden, where he was evenrually appointed a Research Associate at che Institute of Coagulation Research and a Physician at die Department of Coagulation Disorders at che Karolinska Hospira! in Srockholm. In 1979 he rerurned to England and was appointed Director of the Haemophilia Reference Ccmre and a Senior Lecrurer and Honorary Consul rant at St Thomas' Hospital, London. He was also Director of Coagulation Research at rhe Rayne Institute. He was appointed Professor ofCoagulation Medicineat ](jngs College, London. in 1997, remaining rhere until he retired in zoo6. Professionally he pursued excellence in patient care and trearmenr and was famous for speaki.t1g his mind. He was much loved by his patients. He died after a 6-year barrle with cancer. K.M.Green (1960) aged 68. Michael Green ,vas born in Sale in Cheshire and came to Queens' from Wyggescon Grammar School. Leicester. At College


Qy,eens' College Record 20I2 the Continent, but was at heart a family man. He was very generous with his time. popular and loyal ro his friends and family. He died suddenly at home of a heart arrack on Christmas Day. He was the son of che lace Anthony Brown (1942,), nephew of Paul.Bmwn (1955) and the lace David Brown (1945), brother of Bill .Brown (1973) and father of Kate Brown (2.003). Richard and his family therefore had and have a very strong affection for and association with the College.

he read Eoglish, and followed that up with a Masters Degree in Comparative Literature at Harvard. In 1964 he became a Lecturer in the EngUsh Department of che University of Birmingham, co which was attached che Cenrre for Concemporary Culmral Srudies. He was one of che key figures in establishing the Centcc, which combined cultural history and contemporary sociology with the analysis of popular cnlture and the media, as one of rhe most inAuencial and distinctive contributions co che humanities of the 1960s and 1970s. Michael helped to organise the Centre as it acquired an international reputation and was one of the principle supervisors of graduate scudencs. Working within an ethos of collaboration with colleagues, he was a Joint author of rnany books and papers. His most influencial work was in the education subgroup. U,popular Education was published in 1981. An inspiring teacher, he served as Head of Cultural Srudies 1992.- 1997. He was greacly saddened by the closure of the Cenne in 2002, bur continued to reach and supervise within the University until retirement in 1005. Always left-leaning politically, he was out of sympathy with New Labour and preferred local politics and community involvemenc in his own Moseley and Kings Heath area ofBirmingham. In the 1970s he was one ofa group of men working with the Women's Liberation Movement and helped sec up an alternative play group for children. He worked with the Campaign for the Pmrection of Rural England and was very active in helping refogees. A most trustworthy friend and fumily man, he died suddenly of heart failure.

B.R Phillips (1979) aged 51. Brian Phillips was brought up in Sussex and

atrended Lancing College. He came up to Queens' as an Entrance Exhibitiooer co read Mathematics, swicchingin the second year to the Natural Sciences Tripos, specialising in Physics. .Both at school and at universiry he suffered from boucs of ill health, bur always bounced back with charac,eristic enthusjasm and hard wo.rk. He had been a keen cyclisr from the age of 11. He raced for die University and developed into an exceptionally calenced cyclist. Afrer graduating he became a member of the Man.chester Wheelers Cycle Club and in 1985 he was part of the quartet from the Club who becan,e National Champions in the Team Time Trial discipline. He was also part ofthe winning team in che 198; National so-mile and 12.-hour Chan1pionships. He was a friend and training-buddy of the professional rider, Sean Yates. and he revelled in che camaraderie of che cycling fraternity. He also forged a successful business career and was noted for his business and financial acumen, organisational Aait:, people management skills and technical ability. After College he gor a job as an Engineer with C & S Anrenn.as at Strood in Kem and evenmally became one of the coumry's leading expercs in the design of antennas. In 1991 he founded European Antennas Led (he sold the business co Cobham Antenna Systems in 1999 but continued as Managing Director), building the company up to become a world leader, especially in rhe design and man.ufucrure of microwave antennas, with customers such as Qinetiq, Thales, BAE Systems and The Boeing Company. He was also a devoted family man. He loved France, lio.e wines, fast cars, English Literature, meteorology and anything to do with physics or mathematics. He remained an active cyclist and was for many years a member of the East Grinstead Cycle Club; quire recently he was part of a winning veterans' team at the East Surrey Hardridcrs as well as riding from London to Paris. He also rode regularly with West Suffolk Wheelers, based near his home near Bury St Edmunds. He collapsed and died during a ream time trial event in Tuscany, the Cronosquadre della Versilia Michele Bartoli. The staff of his firm and the cycling world and his many friends have paid tribute to a "kind and modest and universally popular" man, who was always generous to a fuult, enthusiastic and willing co help ochers and had a great sense ofhumour.

W.N.Bingley (t969) aged 61. William Bingley was the son of Admiral Si.c Alexander Bingley and was born in London. His mothet a social worker and poet, w¡as a volunceerwich the meotalhealth chariry 'Miod; evenrually becoming National Chair. His home was near Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire. He attended Bradfield College and came up ro Queens' in 1969 to read History, changing to Law in his third year. Very rail, but not especially skilled at games, he enjoyed rowing. His fust job was as a Trainee Solicitor with John Stitt and Co., The Temple. As a practising lawyer, he acquired expertise in the fields ofmental health, human rights and equaliry and diversity, for which causes he was a chan1pion throughout his life. He served as Legal Direcror of'Mind' from 1983 till 1990 and was seconded co the Ministry of Health with a commission co write the Code of Practice for the 1983 M.enral Heald-, Act. The framework he created nearly 30 _years ago is srill the backbone ofmental health legislation today. He then took on the job of Chief E.xccucive of the Meneal Health Act Conunission for England and Wales from 1990 until 2000. He was a member of che expert Committee appointed by the Government to review the Mental HealthAct, which reporced in r999, and also of rhe Guidelines Devel.opment Group set up by NICE in ~oos to look at the management of dismrbed and violent behaviour in psychiatric inpatients. From 1000-2.004 he was Professor of Meneal Health Law and Ethics at the University of Cencral Lancashire. He was a 'Irustce of Mind in Furness and a member of the Council of the University of Lancaster; .He was also Co-Director with his wifeoftheir own firm, BingleyConsulting Limited, which advises public authorities on strategic change. He had recencly stepped down as Chairman of North Lancashire NHS Teaching Primary Care Trust after live years in post to devote more cin1e co his charirywork. He and his wire led the development of the charity 'The Abaseen Foundation: ofwhich he was Chief Executive, to develop healthcare and education in Khyber Pakhrunkhwa in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan. The charity has already transformed a barely functioning hospital serving a large rural community as well as assisting with humanitarian relief after natural disasters in the area. The Foundation has won many prizes, induding that of 'International Collaboration of the Year 2.010' at the Times Higher Ed,,(ation awards. He died as a result of a full in Ravensronedale in the Lake District, not far from his home near Lancaster, whilst fell ,val.king with his wife. His family have paid tribute to a man who "inspired great rellpecr and affection in all who knew him - his work at home and overseas has made a positi.ve impact on the lives of maqy''. R.A.G.Brown ( 1974) aged 55. Richard Brown was born in Gosport and arcended Haileybury School. His father was a Naval Officer who, by the time Richard left school, worked in planning ar S.H.A.P..E., based in Bdgiwn. Richard came up co Queens' in 1974 ro read Natural Sciences. He specialised in Chemistry for Part fl He had a successful career in industry, starting as a Market Development faecurive ar Unired Glass where he put his mathematical knowledge to good use to solve packaging and other problems. His work involved a period in Toledo, Ohio. He then moved co]&], a subsidiary ofWaddingtons, specialising in glass and cork for the drinks trade. He later set up his own business as a specialise importer of glass and cork for the premium end of the crade. He lee the glass side lapse eventually and concentrated on cork (for making stoppers for premium brands of Scorch, Cognac, and Pott). He was highly regarded in Pormgal and was considered pare of rhe farn.ily by his pri11cipal supplie.rs there. As a French, Portuguese and German speaker he enjoyed many holidays and business trips on

The MathematkaiBridge in early summer.

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The Essex Building and Silve,· Stnet Bridge.

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