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inspiration & tips fresco - lime paint with natural pigments

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Lime paint is a sustainable 100% natural, environmentally-friendly paint that was created thousands of years ago. This type of paint is breathable so any moisture that has been absorbed during humid conditions will then be released when the climate is dry and arid.

Lime paint has a soft powdery matt finish, that is often used to create a warm and luxurious atmosphere. Pure & Original Lime paint is available in more than 100 shades with subtle nuances and variations in colour with a hint of light grey which is a characteristic to Lime paint.

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What is Lime paint................................... 6 Processing Lime paint............................. 11 Applying Lime paint................................. 21 Advantages and disadvantages............... 22 Frequently asked questions.................. 24

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What is Lime Paint

Lime paint is a natural paint that has been popular for thousands of years because of its durability, strength and colour fastness. Today’s modern lime paint is an environmentally friendly mineral product that has been manufactured from 100% natural raw materials and minerals. Pure & Original paints are mixed with 100% natural pigments that can be seen in its range of over 100 different colours. Lime paint is one of the most authentic and unique types of paint. Historically lime was combined with water, or slaked, and then used to protect and decorate walls. Evidence of this can still be seen in the buildings of ancient Rome and Greece. Usually during Easter, farmers would often apply this mixture of water and lime powder, or slaked lime, to protect barn and stable walls from moisture. Once dry the lime maintains its breathability preventing any moisture from being trapped within the paint and still allowing any condensation to evaporate. This has been done for centuries and offers a practical solution for protecting and decorating walls. Today, Lime paint is mostly used for decorating walls because of the matt and powdery finish. Lime paint and Chalk based paint are two different types of paint. The specific colour nuances in Lime paint give the paint its characteristic appearance. Chalk paint is also matt and powdery, but with an even appearance. Licetto is an alternative to Chalk based paint. This is a very matt wall paint which, even without the application of a sealer, can easily be cleaned.

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Licetto


Chalk based paint

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Processing Lime paint

Because of the unique shades and characteristics of Lime paint, very beautiful results can be achieved with relative ease. By using different application techniques, for example, vertical strokes, criss cross strokes as well as Al Fresco, soft natural colours with subtle variations in tone create a luxurious feel to any wall the paint is applied to. Al Fresco is an ancient technique where the paint is applied with a wet brush. As a result the lime effect has stronger nuances and shades with a slight grey haze depending on if the proportion of water is greater. It is possible to paint approximately 10 square metres with 1 litre of wall paint but if the Al Fresco technique is used with added water then more coverage can be obtained. If you buy multiple cans of Lime paint at the same time, keep in mind that slight colour differences may appear in the different cans (it is a 100% natural mineral paint). The existing wall surface is also important when using lime paint. Different wall materials absorb the paint differently which once applied can cause the paint to appear slightly lighter or darker.

Tip: when painting a large surface and multiple cans of paint are needed it is recommended to mix the cans together to ensure the colour is uniform. Lime paint is always applied in several layers using a Lime paint brush. To ensure good adhesion, first apply a layer of Pure & Original WallPrim (tinted or white) with a brush or roller. Then, with a Lime paint brush apply 1 or 2 layers of Lime paint. Lime paint should be diluted with water to the consistency of low fat yoghurt and should be easy to apply. Note: (Dark) colours with the base XD do not have to be diluted. To avoid block forming on the wall or obvious start and stop lines, paint in whimsical and random shapes.

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Application method: Vertical strokes Painting in long vertical strokes from ceiling to floor creates subtle muted lines that have variations in colour. 12


Application method: Criss-cross This method will give the appearance of different shades and tones in a non specific and non directional pattern. 13


Processing Lime paint

If Pure & Original WallPrim is applied first, Lime paint can be used on various surfaces like: • Brick; • Old and new plaster; • Non-woven wallpaper; • Wood; • MDF; • Loam; • Fiberglass; • Concrete; • Cement. Before you start, please always check the technical data sheet. To apply Lime paint on fresh plaster, wait until the moisture is drawn from the wall, this can sometimes take up to a month. The drying time of Lime paint can vary from 8 to 48 hours. This depends on the amount of moisture in the wall, the temperature and humidity. On average the next coat of paint can be applied after 8 hours.

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Processing Lime paint

Fresco Lime paint can be applied in many different ways. Actually, as long as you take into account these instructions, you can’t really go wrong: • Ensure the wall is clean and free of grease; • If the wall is very dusty, first apply a layer of Pure & Original WallFix before applying Pure & Original WallPrim; • Always apply a layer of Pure & Original WallPrim beneath the Lime paint, this can be done with either a brush or roller; • Always use the Pure & Original Lime brush or a cloth or sponge. Never use a roller. Apply the Lime paint in an irregular pattern, whether you work in strokes or criss-cross. This is to avoid ‘boxes’. It is also possible to vary the brush techniques - long and short strokes and also dabbing the brush so the lime and pigment develop well. It is important to work with wet paint - do not first paint the wall edges, but apply the paint to an area of approximately one square metre. Do not wait for the paint to dry before starting on the next area, always connect wet paint to wet paint on the wall. Dilute the paint to the thickness of low fat yoghurt. By adding more water the lime will cause a stronger grey haze, or stripes will show. Note: (Dark) colours with the base XD do not have to be diluted. Because everyone paints in their own specific way, we do not recommend you to work with another person at the same wall. An exception can be made when applying the so called ‘grape technique’. ‘Grape technique’ means that one person places large dabs of paint on the wall, with some space in between the dabs and the other person connects these dots by smudging the paint with the Lime paint brush.

Tip: we advice you to create a sample board to try out different techniques and to see which effect you like best. 17


What materials are needed Brush Can Lime paint be applied with a regular block brush?

Yes. However, when using a Pure & Original 100% Chinese bristle Lime paint brush with long hair a better structure and thus better results can be achieved. Alternatively you could also choose to use a sponge or a cloth.

Roller Can Lime Paint be applied with a roller?

No. Coloured Lime paint applied with a roller will show pigmentation marks and overlaps which don’t look good.

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What kind of surface is required Pre-treatment Should the walls be pre-treated?

Yes. The correct surface is the base of a beautiful wall. If the surface is greasy, powdery or if there are repair patches on the wall, the effect of the Lime paint applied will not be satisfactory. Depending on the surface a specific pre-treatment of the wall is required. On very powdery surfaces first apply a layer of Pure & Original WallFix followed by a layer of Pure & Original WallPrim. On all other surfaces, a layer of Pure & Original WallPrim should suffice. When this is done you can start applying the Fresco Lime paint.

Repair patches

Repair patches are spots on the wall that have been repaired with a material other than which the original surface is made of. For example, a hole is sealed with putty. These patches on the wall should be primed with Pure & Original WallPrim. Allow to dry, then apply WallPrim to the entire wall.

Tip: spray the wall with a mist of water, if colour differences occur when drying this means there’s an uneaven suction. These spots should (again) be primed with WallPrim.

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Kalei


Applying Lime paint

Fresco Lime paint can be applied to any surface, as long as WallPrim is used as a base. However, the most beautiful effects of Lime paint will be achieved on a smooth stucco wall. In certain climates the Lime paint can also be applied outdoors, but the weather conditions for instance in western Europe do not lend themselves for this. In this case a better option would be to use the Pure & Original Kalei.

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Advantages and disadvantages

Lime paint has a number of advantages, but also has some disadvantages. The advantages are: • It is an environmentally friendly natural product; • Because of the very specific effects of Lime paint a very unique finish will be achieved; • The breathability of the paint once dry prevents any problems with moisture; • The application of Dead Flat Eco Sealer will make the wall surface repellant from water and easily cleaned with a damp cloth. • Lime is naturally flame retardant; • Lime is moss and mold repellent. Unfortunately Lime paint also has some disadvantages: • Since Lime paint does not seal the pores of the wall, dirty patches may appear. The Pure & Original Dead Flat Eco Sealer can be applied as a protective layer to seal the paint. Although the sealer is very matt, the paint will lose its powdery appearance. • Lime paint can be painted over with any type of paint. However, it’s necessary to first lightly sand the wall, apply a layer of Pure & Original Fresco Special Fix followed by a layer of WallPrim. When this is done the new paint can be applied. Through this process, the new paint can adhere properly to the old layer. • Besides indoor use of Lime paint it can also be used outdoors. Your house gets a very distinctive look. But be beware: It will absorb moisture and dirt faster than regular exterior paints. You should therefore be aware that after 5 to 7 years a new layer of Lime paint should be applied in order to maintain the required colour and appearance.

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Frequently asked questions

Lacquer Can Lime paint be applied on top of a coat of lacquer?

Yes. It’s important to sand the paint completely matt. Then apply a layer of Pure & Original WallPrim to ensure proper adhesion, then you can start applying the Lime paint.

Latex or Emulsion Can Lime paint be applied onto latex or emulsion?

Yes. However, Lime paint needs a mineral substrate, so to avoid problems apply a layer of Pure & Original Wallprim.

Wallpaper Can Lime paint be applied onto wallpaper?

Yes. Apply a layer Pure & Original WallPrim onto the wallpaper to prime the wall.

Tip: check if the wallpaper is firmly attached. This can be tested by softly stroaking the wallpaper with a damp soapy cloth. If the wallpapers loosens, you’ll have to remove it completely.

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Wood & MDF Can Lime paint be applied onto wood?

Yes. When using new wood the use of a primer is not required. Keep in mind that Lime paint used on wood is less durable and less maintenance friendly than lacquer.

Can Lime paint be applied onto MDF?

Yes. In this case the instructions for woodwork apply. Start by applying one layer of Pure & Original WallPrim.

Stucco / Plaster Can Lime paint be applied onto stucco / plaster?

Yes. The mineral substrate provides the best adhesion of Lime paint. Old stucco should be firm and very dry. New stucco needs to dry for at least 28 days (ask the plasterer what the correct drying time should be in your case). To reduce the suction and to level the surface apply a layer of Pure & Original WallPrim underneath the Lime paint.

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Rub off Does Pure & Original Fresco Lime paint rub off?

No. Lime paint does not rub off as it used to in the old days. It still does however, have the soft and powdery appearance of the past.

Washability Can Lime paint easily be cleaned?

Yes. When a top coat is used. Detailed information can be found in product information on sealers. No. When no top coat is used. Lime paint is porous and it will form a connection with both the surface and the dirt. Therefore stains cannot be removed. Light stains should be washed off immediately using lukewarm water. Do not rub.

Sealer

If Lime paint has been used in an area with high traffic, in the kitchen or bathroom it is recommended to use Pure & Original Dead Flat Eco Sealer to protect the surface and to prevent any stains. Several thin layers should be applied using a flat brush until the surface is saturated. Over application or irregular application can result in a white haze, particularly on dark colours. To avoid any issues with drying times please follow the recommended waiting period before applying the sealer.

Wetroom Can Lime paint be used in wet areas such as a bathroom, kitchen or toilet?

Yes. Lime paint is bacteria and mold resistant, so it will adhere well in these areas. Note: In areas where wetness or dirt are a factor, such as kitchens or bathrooms, it is recommended to protect the Lime paint with a finish of Pure & Original Dead Flat Eco Sealer. Although the sealer is matt it will slightly reduce the lime effect.

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Drying times What are the drying times for the Lime paint?

It is advisable to take into account a drying time of 8 hours. A shorter drying time could cause shiny spots. Between the 2nd and 3rd layer a longer drying time may be required because of the thickness of the layer of Lime paint.

Storing How long can Lime paint be stored?

Lime paint is a natural paint and is not perishable. When kept in it’s original packaging and stored in a frost-free place the shelf life is guaranteed for 12 months. Lime Paint is a 100% natural paint with 100% natural pigments. Over time this can cause discoloration in dark colors.

Environment Is Pure & Original Fresco environmentally friendly?

Yes. Pure & Original Fresco Lime paint is made from 100% natural materials, is completely ecological, no additives and/or binders are used. Due to the strong dehumidifying character and slaked lime present in the paint, it is advisable to wear disposable gloves when using the paint.

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Mixing Can Pure & Original Fresco Lime paint be mixed with other paints?

No. Because of the composition of Pure & Original Fresco Lime paint it cannot be mixed with any other type of paint.

Can different Pure & Original Fresco Lime paint colours be mixed?

Yes. It’s possible to obtain special effects by application of multiple colours.

Consumption How many m2 can be painted with one liter of Pure & Original Fresco Lime paint?

The average coverage for 1 layer of paint is between 10 and 12 m2 per liter. The exact consumption is strongly dependent on the underlying layer. Al Fresco processing efficiency will be higher. Because the paint is applied with a wet brush, the paint is diluted more.

Dilute Must Lime paint be diluted?

It is recommended to dilute the paint with water until it has the consistency of low fat yoghurt. Note: (Dark) colours with the base XD do not have to be diluted.

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Additional applications? Ask your dealer for the Fresco Lime paint technical product information or visit www.pure-original.com. On our website you can easily locate a dealer in your area. Our star dealers have the entire range in stock.

Designer Iris Floor

Text

Erwin Floor Iris Floor

Photo credits

Cover Wonen Landelijke Stijl S.van Hoven, colour Old Romance / Introduction Wonen Landelijke Stijl S.van Hoven, colour Mineral White, project Stylexclusief / Introduction De Potstal, colour Old Romance / Page 7 Home Interiors by Agnes, colour Drift / Page 8 Skjermbilde, Licetto, colour Summerset Mauve / Page 9 De Potstal, Chalk based paint, colour Greek Sky / Page 10 Wonen Landelijke Stijl, colour Hazelnut Butter / Page 11 @Hannenov, colour Evening Shadow / Page 12 De Potstal, colour Earth Stone / Page 16 BRSH, colour Elephant Skin / Page 20 Traditional Paint Laquer Gloss, colour Olive Drab, Quartz Kalei, colour Silk White / Page 23 Wonen Landelijke Stijl S. Van Hoven, colour Black Truffle / Page 29 colour Cannonball / Page 30 @hannenov, colour Evening Shadow / back cover Wonen Landelijke Stijl S.van Hoven, colour Old Romance Pure & Original 2016 www.pure-original.com

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Profile for Pure & Original

Fresco Lime paint inspiration & tips