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How the humble bike is delivering common sense transport solutions in urban centres


Commercial GreenFleet The latest news and features surrounding the commercial vehicle industry. See inside

BMW Fleet & Business Sales



Official fuel economy figures for the new BMW 225xe Premium Active Tourer: Combined 113.0 mpg (2.5 l/100km). CO2 Emissions 57 g/km. †Draft technical data due to be confirmed shortly.

The Ultimate Driving Machine

The new BMW 225xe Premium Active Tourer is equipped to adapt to whatever challenge comes your way. With trim options including Sport Premium and M Sport Premium, it offers extraordinary practicality without compromising on style. With standard LED headlights, the BMW 225xe Premium Active Tourer offers superior vision. And with its striking lines and impressive kidney grille, it’s a car that’s quick to make a

great impression. Sporty, dynamic, and sophisticated, it has the attitude of a classic BMW with an electric twist. Then there’s the premium interior complete with panoramic sunroof. Offering both ample room and superior comfort, it creates a relaxing drive for those commuter miles. There’s also plenty of space for luggage thanks to folding rear and passenger backrests, while heated seats and front and rear Park Distance Control are standard.

When it comes to handling tricky and unexpected situations, this car thrives. Coming with BMW xDrive as standard, the intelligent all-wheel drive system automatically adapts to changes in driving conditions by rebalancing power between the wheels, achieving maximum traction on any road surface. This is a car built for tough terrains. FROM:


CO2 emissions†


16% 113


MPG (combined)†


Figures are obtained in a standardised test cycle. During the test plug-in hybrid vehicles used a combination of battery power and petrol fuel after the battery had been fully charged. All figures are intended for comparisons between vehicles and may not be representative of what a user achieves under usual driving conditions. Plug-in hybrid vehicles require mains electricity for charging. Metallic paint optional on 225xe Premium Sport and M Sport models.





SME challenges uncovered




Commercial GreenFleet The latest news and features surrounding the commercial vehicle industry. See inside

How the humble bike is delivering common sense transport solutions in urban centres

Small and medium-sized enterprises are set to be hit hardest by London’s ULEZ or other Clean Air Zones, as they are more likely to struggle to absorb the penalty costs, or to upgrade their fleets in the time given.


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Yet the latest quarterly Close Brothers Asset Finance Business Barometer shows that seventy-five per cent of SMEs are in favour of Clean Air Zones as an action to improve air quality. Smaller firms may also struggle to find the time to keep on top of legislative changes, identify the right telematics solution for them, and make sure that vehicles are fit for the road. When it comes to deciphering whether an electric or other alternatively fuelled fleet is right for their business, SMEs, as all sized companies, may struggle to make sense of it all. This issue of GreenFleet has a guide dedicated to these challenges faced by smaller firms, starting on page 23. The use of cargo bikes, electric-assist bikes and electric scooters and mopeds as a zero emission solution to last mile deliveries is also explored in this issue of GreenFleet, with contributions from Richard Armitage from European Cycle Logistics Federation and Dave Luscombe from the Motorcycle Industry Association. Angela Pisanu, editor

P ONLINE P IN PRINT P MOBILE P FACE-TO-FACE If you would like to receive 10 issues of GreenFleet magazine for £250 a year, please contact Public Sector Information Limited, 226 High Road, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 GreenFleet® would like to thank the following organisations for their support:


226 High Rd, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 Fax: 020 8532 0066 Web: EDITOR Angela Pisanu PRODUCTION EDITOR Dan Kanolik PRODUCTION CONTROL Lucy Maynard PRODUCTION DESIGN Sophia Mew WEB PRODUCTION Victoria Casey PUBLISHER George Petrou ACCOUNT MANAGERS Kylie Glover, Dean Cassar ADMINISTRATION Vickie Hopkins, Bella Chapman REPRODUCTION & PRINT Argent Media

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Contents GreenFleet 115 06 News


Scotland’s electric vehicle loan fund raised to £20 million; Hyundai and Audi to work together on hydrogen; Renault opens latest EV Concept Centre in Berlin

13 Electric bicycles

Richard Armitage, director of the European Cycle Logistics Federation, reports on how the humble bike is delivering common sense solutions in urban centres

19 Electric motorcycles

Electric scooters and mopeds are slowly evolving into the ultimate urban transport solution, write the MCIA’s Dave Luscombe

28 SME Guide: Electric vehicles

In association with

How SMEs can benefit from switching to EVs, where are the savings to be made, and how easy is it to switch?


31 SME Guide: Eco-driving

Encouraging all colleagues to drive more fuel efficiently can significantly reduce your company’s carbon footprint, save money and result in safer driving

35 SME Guide: SME challenges

The UK’s fleet industry is facing an exciting period of change, and getting clued up on the issues is vital for SMEs

39 SME Guide: SMR 28

Fleet organisations should make sure they have robust service, maintenance and repair procedures and policies in place

43 SME Guide: Clean Air Zones

Research suggests that many SMEs are in favour of clean air zones as a response to air pollution

47 SME Guide: Telematics

GreenFleet asked Trakm8’s Colin Ferguson to offer some advice to SMEs looking at implementing telematics

48 Panel of experts: Leasing & rental

With London’s Ultra-Low Emission Zone (ULEV) coming into effect next year,how should fleets prepare?

50 Road test: Ford Fiesta Richard Gooding discovers a raft of driving technologies with the arrival of the eighth‑generation Ford Fiesta

55 Commercial GreenFleet: news

PostNL welcomes first two Renault Master Z.E. vans; Alphabet’s AlphaCity to now offer van-sharing

57 Commercial GreenFleet: Refuse trucks Greenwich trials end of life refuse truck with electric motor

58 Commercial GreenFleet: interview

Milk & More is rolling out its quietest and most environmentally friendly delivery vehicles to date, following its purchase of 200 electric StreetScooters


GreenFleet magazine


Scotland’s electric vehicle loan fund raised to £20 million Yousaf said: “The Electric A9 will greatly expand and build further resilience into our existing ChargePlace Scotland infrastructure, which is already one of the most comprehensive in Europe. From the site of the planned hub here in Falkirk and all the way to Scrabster, visitors and local communities will be able to benefit from multiple charge place hubs across the route. “Our ambitions, however, stretch even further than the longest road in Scotland. We want every town and city to enjoy the benefits of EVs and this requires an even wider charging network. The new Switched on Towns and Cities Challenge Fund will support local authorities and partners to implement activities to incentivise the uptake of EVs in urban areas.



Seven projects awarded a share of £2m to develop cleaner fuel

Renault opens latest EV Concept Centre in Berlin

The government has awarded seven industry-led projects a share of £2 million to develop proposals for advanced fuels production plants. The proposals include a project exploring the use of waste wood to produce a synthetic natural gas for HGVs. This is part of the Future Fuels for Flight and Freight Competition, launched in April 2017 to encourage private sector investment in the development of advanced fuel production facilities in the UK. The competition aims to increase domestic production of advanced low carbon fuels capable of reducing emissions from the aviation and HGV sectors, and stimulate investment and create jobs through the development of a prosperous domestic industry. The successful applications cover liquid biomethane, diesel and petrol substitutes; Synthetic natural gas, and Kerosene. READ MORE


“We have more than doubled the amount of loan funding we currently offer to individuals and businesses, and have quadrupled the amount of support for public sector fleets so that we can demonstrate leadership and showcase the many benefits of EVs to all of Scotland. Through the Electric A9 and the wider programme announcements, we are committed to securing the opportunities that the global transformation in mobility is creating. With the various funding streams we have on offer and our ambitious plans for the Electric A9 and beyond, I’m proud that Scotland continues to lead the way in supporting and encouraging EVs on to our roads.”

The Scottish Government has increased its Low Carbon Transport Loan from £8m to £20m for 2018/19, to encourage more businesses and consumers to switch to electric vehicles (EVs). To further accelerate the transition of EVs into public sector fleets, the Switched on Fleets budget has been quadrupled from £1.2 million to £4.8 million in 2018/19. Additionally, a new funding stream, the Switched on Towns and Cities Challenge Fund has been announced. Minister for Transport Humza Yousaf attended Falkirk Stadium, the future site of an EV charging hub being funded through Transport Scotland’s European Regional Development Fund Low Carbon Travel and Transport Programme, to launch the Electric A9 project and announce the range of new funding streams on offer.

Renault is expanding its network of urban concept stores by opening the second Renault Electric Vehicle Experience Centre in Berlin, Germany. This new concept store, which is unique in Germany, is a partnership with local distributor Renault Autohaus König. It is located in Berlin’s historic city centre near the Gendarmenmarkt square. The aim of the store is to engage with customers and answer frequently asked questions about electric cars, while promoting the benefits of driving such vehicles. The first EV Experience Centre opened in February in Stockholm to showcase electric motoring to the public. Visitors can get information about the brand’s range of electric cars, charging infrastructure and charging systems, local


legislation and subsidies, conditions of purchase and EV-related services. Customers will also be able to test-drive an electric car and place an order at the store. The Berlin concept store operates in the same way as the popular Stockholm outlet which attracted more than 14,000 visitors in the first three months. This innovative distribution channel with a largely educational remit in city locations (city centres, shopping malls, etc.) is proving to be a huge success, underscoring the benefits of electric cars in urban environments. Renault is considering opening EV concept stores in other European cities. READ MORE


POLAR public charging network keeps pace with EV growth According to Chargemaster, the POLAR charging network has expanded by 50 per cent, matching the growth of EV registrations, which is now over 150,000 – a rise of 50 per cent in one year. 6,500 charging points are now on the POLAR network, which offers DC and AC rapid charging, as well as AC slow and fast charging. POLAR operates the country’s largest rapid charging network, with 375 rapid chargers available. David Martell, chief executive of Chargemaster said: “A reliable rapid charging network is very important for


increasing EV adoption, and we have grown our nationwide network from 250 units in June 2017 to over 375 today. “The idea that charging infrastructure is not keeping pace with the growing market of EVs is false – there is already existing capacity in the network, and we will continue to ensure that drivers have an expansive and reliable public charging network.” READ MORE



Government resists calls to bring forward 2040 petrol and diesel ban A cross-party group of MPs has said that serious concerns remain over the extent of the government’s commitment to improving air quality. The Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (EFRA), Environmental Audit (EAC), Health and Social Care and Transport Committees launched a joint ‘super-inquiry’ amid concerns over the UK’s air pollution plans, accusing the government of treating air quality as a “box-ticking exercise” after setting out a series of recommendations in their joint report in March. In its response, the government said it will make better use of local authority air pollution data, improve oversight on air quality spending, replace the patchwork of air quality legislation with a “single coherent framework” and halve the number of people living in

areas exceeding World Health Organisation limits for particulate matter by 2025. However, the suggestion to bring forward the proposed 2040 ban on petrol and diesel car sales, has been resisted. Neil Parish MP, EFRA Committee Chair said: “Whilst we appreciate the initial positive steps, we are concerned that the government is shying away from the bold action needed to tackle this crisis. “Our report called on government to promote cross-departmental working, force car manufacturers to contribute to a Clean Air Fund and commit real financial support to local authorities breaching NO2 limits. We see little evidence of this happening.” Mary Creagh MP, EAC Chair said: “We need cities where people can move and can breathe so it is worrying that the government

is dragging its feet on air quality, even in the face of court action by the European Court of Justice. It is also concerning that the government is not ready to demonstrate global leadership by forcing manufacturers to produce only clean vehicles before 2040.” A government spokesperson said: “Air quality has improved significantly but there is still much more to do. We have put in place a £3.5bn plan to reduce harmful emissions and will introduce primary legislation to clean up our air. By ending the sale of conventional new diesel and petrol cars and vans by 2040, we are acting faster than almost every other major developed economy.” READ MORE


Hyundai and Audi to work together on hydrogen Hyundai Motor Group and Audi AG will work together to bring hydrogen fuel cell models to volume production. The two companies plan to cross-license patents and grant access to non-competitive components, with an agreement is currently subject to approval from the applicable regulatory authorities. Peter Mertens, board member for technical development at Audi, said: “The fuel cell is the most systematic form of electric driving and thus a potent asset in our technology portfolio for the emission‑free premium mobility of the future.” “On our FCEV roadmap, we are joining forces with strong partners such as Hyundai. For the breakthrough of this sustainable technology, cooperation is the smart way to leading innovations with attractive cost structures.”

Within the Volkswagen Group, Audi’s Fuel Cell Competence Center is located at the Neckarsulm site. At the beginning of the next decade, Audi will introduce the first fuel cell model as a small series production. The cross-license agreement with Hyundai is focused on the next development stage intended for a broader market offering. Euisun Chung, Vice Chairman at Hyundai Motor Company, said: “We are confident that our partnership with Audi will successfully demonstrate the vision and benefits of FCEVs to the global society,” says Euisun Chung, vice chairman at Hyundai Motor Company. “This agreement is another example of Hyundai’s strong commitment to creating a more sustainable future whilst enhancing consumers’ lives with hydrogen-powered vehicles, the fastest way to a truly zero-emission world.”



Guide for local authorities on increasing EV uptake published The Renewable Energy Association has launched a report for local authorities, giving advice on what actions they can take to encourage electric vehicle uptake in their areas and improve the charging infrastructure. Taking Charge: how local authorities can champion electric vehicles, is a guide for Local Authority (LA) officers, councillors, developers, and individuals designed to educate about the taxes and grants available to local authorities, and highlight ‘best practice’ in the sector. The report recommends that local authorities appoint an ‘EV Champion’ – a councillor who can be a main contact point for the public and developers who can help navigate the process of charging infrastructure being developed.

It also suggest that local authorities Make the ‘Milton Keynes Promise,’ which is to better inform residents of existing charging locations, and guarantee that on-street charge points will be installed next to the homes of those who operate an EV. Another recommendation is to create a dedicated EV webpage where residents can request charging infrastructure. New ‘Energy Boards’ could investigate ways of saving money by coordinating EV roll-out, switching to renewable energy providers for their properties, and investing in solar and energy-from-waste projects. The report also urges local authorities to commit to purchasing EVs as part of

the council’s transport fleet, or work with bus service operators to electrify their bus fleet (or have it powered by renewable gas). Another recommendation is to deploy EV charge points on council property, potentially co-located with a solar carport canopy and energy storage system. The report is sponsored by Alfa Power, a new entrant into the EV chargepoint development and renewable electricity supply sector, based in Yorkshire. READ MORE




Could drivers be our air pollution solution? The average UK commute by car takes 52 minutes each day. Over an estimated working year of 225 days, that’s 195 hours of the same roads, same junctions, same everything. It’s no wonder 60 per cent of commuters say they don’t remember their journey when they can do it still focused on the great porridge vs. toast debate from breakfast. Familiarity makes any road journey more dangerous. Years of driving the same route leaves us feeling confident of what lies around every corner, the perfect time to put our foot down, and when to delay changing gear. But feelings aren’t facts. If you listen carefully at the start of rush hour each morning, you’ll hear the muffled cries of our on-board computers as we turn the keys, ready to mistreat our engines for another day. These little circuit boards, hidden away inside our vehicles, are the oracles of efficient driving – they know exactly what each engine needs to perform optimally. Lightfoot’s here to speak up for them and it turns out they’re begging us to use a light foot (get it?) on the pedals and to keep our engines in the ‘sweet spot’. Lightfoot is nothing like the Orwellian black boxes of traditional telematics that haunt fleet and newly-qualified drivers. Rather than keeping performance data secret, we use it to put drivers in charge. Our unique system of audio and visual prompts provides real-time feedback, trusting drivers to improve their technique in the moment. The results speak for themselves – Lightfoot fleets can reduce fuel costs and emissions by 20 per cent and accident frequency by 40 per cent. We are proud to say we deliver immediate and profound improvements to fuel efficiency, road safety, and wear and tear. Being a better driver is hard work. Trust us, we know. It means breaking the habit of a lifetime and acknowledging you may not have been doing things perfectly. Lightfoot also know hard work deserves fair reward, and that’s exactly what our ‘Elite Drivers’ (those scoring over 85 per cent) get. Alongside discounts with high-street names and insurers, Elite Drivers can win weekly prizes across the worlds of gadgets, grub, and good times. Whether green or diesel, big or small; road vehicles and their drivers aren’t going anywhere. In an age of innovation, problems are turned into solutions. Let’s start by building better drivers. FURTHER INFORMATION


Carmakers to face fines for supplying vehicles with emissions defeat devices Vehicle manufacturers will soon face fines if they supply vehicles designed to cheat emissions tests, the government has announced. Under new regulations, manufacturers could be made to pay up to £50,000 for each new vehicle found to be fitted with a emissions ‘defeat device’. The rules have been brought in following a government consultation which saw overwhelming support for measures to

crack down on emissions cheats. This comes following the publication of the government’s Clean Air Strategy, which set out a range of measures to tackle air pollution. The Road Vehicles Defeat Device, Fuel Consumption and Type Approval Regulations 2018 will be laid in Parliament before coming into force on 1 July 2018. READ MORE


Volvo aims for 25 per cent recycled plastics by 2025 Volvo Cars has announced that from 2025, at least 25 per cent of the plastics used in every car will be made from recycled material. As an example, the company has unveiled a specially built version of its XC60 T8 plug-in hybrid SUV that looks identical to the existing model, but has had several of its plastic components replaced with equivalents containing recycled materials. The special XC60’s interior has a tunnel console made from renewable fibres and plastics from discarded fishing nets and maritime ropes. The carpet

contains fibres made from PET plastic bottles and a recycled cotton mix from clothing manufacturers’ offcuts. The seats also use PET fibres from plastic bottles. Used car seats from old Volvo cars were used to create the sound-absorbing material under the car bonnet. In January this year, the engine plant in Skövde, Sweden, became its first climate‑neutral facility. It aims to have climate-neutral manufacturing operations by 2025. READ MORE


Volkswagen fined £880m by German prosecutors for emissions cheating German prosecutors have fined Volkswagen 1bn euros (£880m) over its diesel emissions cheating scandal. Between mid-2007 and 2015, VW sold more than 10 million cars that had emissions‑test‑cheating software installed, the Braunschweig public prosecutor found. VW has said it did not plan to appeal against the fine. It said in a statement: “Following thorough examination,



Volkswagen AG accepted the fine and it will not lodge an appeal against it. Volkswagen AG, by doing so, admits its responsibility for the diesel crisis and considers this as a further major step towards the latter being overcome.” The fine is one of the highest ever imposed by German authorities against a company. READ MORE



Funding for EV battery technology capable of ultra-fast charging £22 million of the government’s industrial strategy funding has been awarded to projects that develop new technologies to create safer, high-powered electric car batteries. One of the projects is a pioneering technology to ensure a next generation of safer, high-powered electric car batteries can be charged by drivers in ultra-fast time. The PowerDrive Line project being led by Southampton‑based company Ilika is focusing on sold state battery cell development, in particular how to manufacture at scale in the UK and how to build in ultra‑fast charging technology of less than 25 minutes for a vehicle as is seen in some current battery systems. Other projects include a revolutionary approach to battery management led by

Williams Advanced Engineering; a McLaren Automotive led consortium project that aims to accelerate the development of electrified powertrains; and a revolutionary battery recycling project that will develop industrial scale capability to reclaim and reuse battery essential metals. This project is being led by Cheshire-based ICoNiChem and involves Jaguar Land Rover Funding is also going towards the Aston Martin Lagonda project, which is developing better performance battery packs. This is the latest round of funding through the Faraday Battery Challenge, part of the government’s Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund. READ MORE


Zap Map updates EV route planner app Zap-Map has released a new smart Route Planner on its Android app, to help EV drivers plan longer electric journeys. Zap-Map’s Route Planner bases all of its calculations on estimates of real range and energy efficiency for particular EV models which are selected by users from all available UK models. Users are able to over‑ride real range values depending on their own driving experience. Building on the current Zap‑Map app with UK-wide charge point data, EV drivers can now plan their routes using the ‘quick plan’, or create a more personalised route. The ‘quick plan’ uses the system defaults and will suggest up to three suitable rapid chargers within one mile of their route which are closest to their estimated ‘drive range’ for each journey leg. Alternatively, EV drivers can create a more customised route by adjusting charger search criteria, percentage battery charge assumptions and route filters. Inexperienced EV drivers may wish to have a higher charge buffer when on a longer

journey, whilst more seasoned drivers may be comfortable with a low battery charge on arrival. Equally, EV drivers not wanting to see ‘suggested chargers’ can instead view all available chargers (with filters applied) on a particular route. Once a route and/or journey leg is selected, adjustments are made for average driving speed, and any changes in elevation. Using real-world data, the predicted driving range is reduced for routes with average speed over 50 mph or with significant inclines. Route Plans can be saved to the user’s account and, when retrieved, the route is updated for current conditions. The latest location status is shown and EV drivers are able to edit the charge stops selected as necessary. During the journey, users are able to view their progress on the Route Plan in real time and link to Google maps for detailed turn-by‑turn directions if required.

LowCVP’s Andy Eastlake

What’s happening to my CO2 numbers? I’m picking up some confusion around the fleet market at the moment about what’s happening in terms of the changes in CO2 emissions testing, with questions about the transition to the new WLTP system. The LowCVP has a central role in helping to make sense of this change and we’re working hard to help smooth the transition and explain what it means. We’ve recently published a guide for industry stakeholders (link below), but fleet managers also need to understand the implications of the change, and some of the background too. First of all, it’s important to know that the CO2 emissions certification test has changed, from the NEDC system to the Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure - WLTP for short. The new test has been designed to provide much more realistic and representative emissions data and to give users better information on the specific car/model they’ve chosen. Many informed voices have been calling for this kind of change to happen for many years. For most users there are two key pieces of information that they need from the test: robust fuel economy information to help compare and predict running costs and a CO2 rating to determine taxation costs or compliance with specific regulations. (Of course, every vehicle on sale also has to pass the pollution emission limits for Euro 6 on the WLTP cycle). LowCVP’s position has been that this change is urgently needed and as soon as we have complete data, we should adopt the new figures to help fleet managers and drivers make more informed choices. It’s now confirmed that WLTP fuel economy ratings will be adopted on the legal labels and in adverts and brochures from January 2019. While changing the test doesn’t change the fuel economy you actually get on the road, it does give you a better idea of what to expect. Unsurprisingly, perhaps, the new test process appears to be giving higher CO2 figures in many cases than were achieved under NEDC. So the CO2 figure you now see more accurately represents the real car, rather than it being a loose estimate of the most basic version of that car under the old system. Figures are still reported in the form of the old test (NEDC equivalent) in order to correlate with pre-existing VED and other tax bands, which haven’t changed. The challenge is that under the new regime, we have a different (mostly higher) figure as the ‘flexibilities’ that had been exploited in the old test process have been substantially reduced. When we fully change over to the actual WLTP CO2 figures in April 2020, Treasury has agreed that the bands will be adjusted to reflect the impact of the (mostly) higher CO2 levels from that specific cycle. In the near term, however, it’s likely that company car drivers in particular could feel the effect of the more accurate and specific CO2 numbers through – potentially - a higher tax bracket for their next car. For more explanation of WLTP, there’s a new section on our website: For this and the many other policy initiatives, please contact us at the LowCVP or, better still, come and join us to help shape future policy towards greener fleets and greener driving.





New Volvo S60 first model without a diesel offer Volvo has launched the new S60 with two plug-in hybrid petrol engines and is the first Volvo car to be sold without a diesel offer. This model kicks off the company’s commitment to electrification and a future beyond the traditional combustion engine and was revealed at the company’s first US manufacturing plant in Charleston, South Carolina. Two plug-in hybrid petrol engines will be available in the new S60: Volvo’s T6 Twin Engine AWD plug-in hybrid that generates a combined 340hp, and the award-winning T8 Twin Engine AWD plug-in hybrid that delivers 400hp. Volvo’s proven T5 and T6 petrol engines will be available at launch.

In a first for the segment, customers can access the new S60 via Volvo Cars’ new premium subscription service, Care by Volvo, which offers car access with no down payment via a monthly flat-fee subscription rather than ownership. The new S60 shares Volvo Cars’ own Scalable Product Architecture (SPA) platform, safety technology and infotainment system with the new V60 premium mid-size estate, launched earlier this year, as well as the top-of-the-line 90 Series cars and award-winning XC60.   Electrified versions of the new S60 also offer a performance handling upgrade called Polestar Engineered – developed by Volvo Cars’ electric performance arm, Polestar.



RAC plea to retailers to cut petrol and diesel prices The RAC is urging retailers to pass on recent reductions in wholesale costs of petrol by cutting forecourt prices by 2p per litre, following weeks of rising petrol and diesel prices. Data from RAC Fuel Watch shows that despite wholesale prices having dropped by between 2.5p and 3p since 22 May, drivers have suffered near-daily fuel prices rises since the end of April (22 April) – with the average price of a litre of unleaded standing at 129.42p and diesel at 132.34p. In the case of diesel, supermarkets have now been raising the price every single day since the 27 March – again despite wholesale prices having come down by around 2.5p since 24 May. The fluctuating price motorists pay to fill up at the pumps is determined most significantly by the oil price, and by the sterling to US J000322 - ODO March T0004 GreenFDleet Magazine 77mm dollar exchange rate. While May saw historic

increases in the price of petrol – largely as a result of a barrel of oil peaking at $80 and sterling weakening against the dollar – since the latter part of last month the oil price has been falling. This has caused wholesale fuel prices to drop, which means retailers are paying less for petrol and diesel. Recent falls in the price of oil are a result the United States drilling for more oil than it has done in more than three years, increased output from Russia and ongoing speculation as to whether major oil-producing nations that are members of OPEC (the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) will choose to end their current policy of restricting oil production at their meeting later this month. The latter has been credited with raising the oil price since historic lows in early 2016. RAC spokesperson Rod Dennis said: “Our data shows that it’s high time retailers x 420mm_260318.pdf cut the price of petrol1 and26/03/2018 diesel at the 15:40

pumps – we see no good reason for them to wait before passing on savings they are benefiting from which have been brought about by falling wholesale prices.”


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WLTP confusion causing fleets to extend contracts Some large fleets are extending leasing contracts because of the uncertainty that continues to surround the impact of the new WLTP fuel consumption and emissions test on company car taxation, reports Arval. Information on taxation has only been made available by the government up until tax year 2020-21, meaning that many drivers and their companies acquiring cars now do not know how much tax they will have to pay over the life of the vehicle. Shaun Sadlier, Arval’s head of consultancy, said: “Fleets find themselves caught in limbo. The government has yet to indicate when it will make a decision on how WLTP is incorporated into company car taxation, and the actual figures are some way off. “For many years, benefit in kind tax tables have been made available for 3-4 years in advance, so that businesses

and their drivers have a good indication of their tax liability and can plan accordingly. But at the moment, we simply don’t know what is happening. “Because of this, we are seeing an increasing trend on the part of fleets, especially larger corporates that are generally better informed about WLTP, to sidestep the situation by extending lease contracts on a month-by-month basis. “This, at least, will allow them to wait until there is an announcement from the government and make an informed decision on vehicle choice at that point.” A clearer picture will inevitably create a sudden burst of demand for new car leases, Shaun added. “We have seen new fleet car registrations start to tail off and, while it is probable that some of that is due to

general economic slowdown and market uncertainty, some of it will also be due to deferred vehicle replacement. “It seems very likely that we are building up a logjam of demand and that, following a government announcement on WLTP and taxation, we will see a peak in car sales as everyone rushes in to place orders. “This, in itself, may create knock-on problems because we don’t yet know what types of cars and specific models WLTP will make attractive from a tax point of view, and they may very well be in short supply in the medium term.” READ MORE


Khan to extend London’s ULEZ to North and South Circular boundary Sadiq Khan has confirmed that London’s Ultra-Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) will be expanded up to the North and South Circular boundary in 2021. The Mayor of London said that the new ULEZ will cover an area 18 times larger than the Central London Ultra Low Emission Zone and will affect large numbers of polluting vehicles that don’t comply with strict emission standards. The expanded zone will be managed in the same way as the central London ULEZ, which is being delivered in April 2019, 17 months earlier than planned and will operate on top of the congestion charge, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 365 days a year. Drivers within the zone using non‑compliant vehicles will pay a daily ULEZ charge of £12.50. These include motorbikes that do not meet Euro 3 standards; petrol cars and vans that do not meet Euro 4 standards and diesel cars and vans that do not meet Euro 6 standards.

Across London diesel buses, coaches and lorries will need to meet the Euro 6 standard. The Mayor will also tighten the standards for the most polluting heavy vehicles including buses, coaches and lorries across the whole of London from October 2020, using the same boundary as the existing Low Emission Zone. Khan said: “Tackling London’s lethal air and safeguarding the health of Londoners requires bold action. Air pollution is a national health crisis and I refuse to stand back as thousands of Londoners breathe in air so filthy that it shortens our life expectancy, harms our lungs and worsens chronic illness. I promised hard-hitting measures to tackle our shameful air pollution and today City Hall is confirming the next stage of our plans to expand the Ultra-Low Emission Zone up to the north and south circular roads.

“We’re doing everything in our power to tackle this issue and are starting to see improvements in air quality with the wide‑ranging action we’ve taken already on tackling the most pollutingcars, and cleaning up our bus and taxi fleet. An expanded Ultra-Low Emission Zone, in conjunction with the Central London ULEZ, will really help transform the air that millions of Londoners breathe. Some motorists will need help switching to greener transport options, which is why City Hall are urging Ministers to deliver a diesel scrappage scheme to get the dirtiest cars off our roads and offer drivers a fair deal, especially the many diesel drivers who brought vehicles thinking they were more environmentally friendly after government advice.” READ MORE

In the UK a growing number of deliveries are being done by modern cargo bike. This fastdeveloping market for cycle logistics has three strands: courier, parcel and express deliveries; services provided by businesses, traders and councils; and domestic and leisure users. The ‘last mile’ is the most costly part of any parcel’s journey towards its final destination. In practice, it should be called the last mile, first mile or only mile, as it covers deliveries to the end user, collections, and end-to-end trips within a city or a town when the parcel never goes into a national hub and spoke system. Independent cycle logistics companies can now be found all over the UK, some of whom are wellestablished businesses in their own right. Outspoken Delivery, for instance, with branches in Norwich, Glasgow and London, has its HQ in Cambridge and was established over 10 years ago. It has a proper depot, delivers many of its Cambridge workload by cargo trike, and takes in work from several of the big couriers, like TNT Express. The firm is currently rebranding as Zedify, focusing customers’ attention on their zero emission delivery capability, and to acknowledge that their fleet has expanded to included electric vans as well as bikes.

recumbent bicycle at the front with a 1m3 box behind, all on four wheels and is operating these units in the Netherlands and elsewhere. UPS is using electric-assist trikes successfully in inner Hamburg, Germany, whilst in Westminster the company is trialling a new trailer towed behind a bike. These operations are carrying B2B and B2C parcels, providing next day, same day and express services for all manner of goods, and many are involved in food transport. Another strand of the market is the window-cleaner, plumber, decorator, landscape gardener, coffee cart and ice cream seller using a cargo bike, often with a trailer. Mail runs between Council buildings, attaching planning notices on lamp-posts and delivering biological samples for the NHS – all of these are being done by bike somewhere in the UK.

Domestic duties The final strand is where families and households have a cargo bike to help with a range of domestic tasks – carrying small children, shopping, food and tools to and from the allotment – and a wide variety of other journeys, ranging from taking a picnic to the park through to moving house, sound systems at events, weddings, and even funerals. CarryMe Bikes is a social enterprise based in East London which helps families, tradespeople, businesses, services and indeed anyone move their precious cargo by bicycle instead of by car or van. Founder, Alix Stredwick, has been selling and hiring cargo bikes, or hiring units out for events, since 2011. Trafford-based Bambino Biking’s manager is Chris Leakey, busy turning his hard-won knowledge of bringing up two young children using the bike on an everyday basis into a one-stop shop business. Bambino provides families with trail and E

Glob and na al t courier ional turning s are often w to bikes, i assist, fth electrictheir in or use in n conges er city and ted territor urban ies

Written by Richard Armitage, director, European Cycle Logistics Federation

Zero emission deliveries in busy urban centres are here now. Richard Armitage, director of the European Cycle Logistics Federation, reports on how the humble bike is delivering common sense solutions in urban centres

Electric Bicycles

Fuelling the last mile with pedal power

Hereford Pedicabs and Cargo provides a separated trade waste collection, shredding and recycling service for local businesses and organisations using cargo trikes fitted with cages behind the rider. Managing director, Will Vaughan, has invested in shredding and compacting machinery located in his depot and his firm recycles paper, cardboard and plastic by the tonne. In Manchester, Rob Andrews has just started his mobile pizza oven business – Manchester Pizza Revolution – using a bike trailer towed behind his electricassist Bullitt cargo bike. The Carla Cargo trailer has been imported from Germany by Manchester Bike Hire, which has used to move dockless hire bikes around the city for the Chinese bikeshare operator, Mobike.

Electric assist But the global and national couriers are also turning to bikes, incorporating cargo bikes, often with electric-assist, into their inner city and congested urban territories. DHL has turned to the innovative Swedish firm, Velove, for its ‘Armadillo’, with its rider on a

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 advice sessions, to help parents and families to get cycling with their kids. Bambino can hire or sell cargo bikes for carrying children, kids bike seats, bike trailers and taga-longs and stocks a wide range of brands to suit all budgets and different individual needs. The wider picture Turning to the wider picture, there is a network of national cycle logistics associations – including in the UK, Germany and Spain – operating under the umbrella of the European Cycle Logistics Federation (ECLF). The fourth European Cycle Logistics Conference hosted by the City of Vienna in 2017 attracted 400 participants over three days, from 24 countries, and 41 exhibitors. The rapid growth of cycle logistics is leading to classic “growing pains”.

Technically, operators are demanding better and stronger cargo bikes and trikes. Digitally, integrated data sharing platforms are going to be vital to make cycle logistics efficient and cost effective. Economically, cycle logistics operators and cargo bike manufacturers need to become strong businesses to ensure growth can continue and staff can be rewarded properly. There is an important role for urban policymakers in municipal government: they are being asked to make the cargo bike welcome, enabling family and domestic use through cargobike friendly infrastructure, parking, training and loan schemes. Zero carbon, zero emission deliveries are available now. It is well established that liveable cities need to be rid of congestion, E

The Scottish Government has released two new funds to encourage more people to start using electric bicycles. The Low Carbon Transport Loan Fund will have £500,000 available for interest-free loans of up to £3,000 to help individuals and businesses purchase e-bikes and e-cargo bikes. The E-bike Grant Fund will allocate £700,000 for local authorities, public sector agencies, community organisations, colleges and universities to encourage large scale e-bike adoption. It is expected grants will fund e-bike pools, secure cycle parking and safety equipment. A further £100,000 will be available through the E-bike Grant Fund to let members of the public test ride e-bikes at Home Energy Scotland advice centres, active travel hubs and community centres. Fergus Ewing, Cabinet Secretary for the Rural Economy and Connectivity said: “These funds are the latest in a range of measures the Scottish Government is introducing to encourage sustainable and active travel.” “We want more people, who undertake shorter journeys, to leave their cars at home and go by bike for the benefit of their health and our environment. “E-bikes can be a great way of getting started with active travel as they offer as much assistance as the rider needs. They also make it easy for people to take heavy bags with them using panniers, trailers or by opting for an e-cargo bike in the first place.”


Electric Bicycles

£1.3m electric bike fund for Scotland announced


Electrically assisted cargo trikes specifically for zero emission city logistics and urban freight transport Sadiq Khan, Mayor of London is actively promoting cycle cargo logistic companies and is introducing new cycle superhighways wide enough for three-wheelers. Congestion charge, diesel pollution taxes, air quality, noise pollution and the public’s fast growing environmental awareness are all contributing to a shift towards sustainable transport solutions. Cycle logistics offers both a low initial investment and reduced running costs when compared to a van. Combine this with ease of movement through congested streets and you can see why major commercial operators like FedEx, DPD and UPS are starting to invest in cargo bikes and trikes. The Iceni Cycles team based in Wiltshire design and manufacture electrically assisted cargo trikes specifically for zero emission city logistics and urban freight transport. Light and nimble through use of quality materials including T45 aircraft grade steel and aluminium, the monocoque chassis and body are integrated offering maximum strength, reduced weight and a low centre of gravity for safer handling. Along with a combination of top-grade bicycle components the trikes have an industry leading kerbside weight of less

than 100kg. They are designed to carry rider and a 250kg payload in safety. The aluminium 1,500 litre Cargo Box is both strong and rigid, offers easy panel replacement and various door options. It will accept EURO pallet 120cm x 80cm rack and the internal shelf can be removed offering load flexibility. There area various door options available including one or two door, friction hinges, rod lock, slam lock and remote key fob operation. There is also a clear line of sight to rear for maximum rider safety. The company specifies the robust, class leading Heinzmann Direct Drive AC motor system complete with torque sensor to provide throttle free, seamless power assist and includes regenerative braking and hill start functions. Its integrated motor installation offers high torque rear wheel drive via differential of up to 100Nm for maximum traction and hill climbing ability offering superior performance on all road conditions. The drivetrain is very efficient with no heavy and unreliable rear axle; keeping the rotational mass down has a significant advantage in terms of acceleration, improved battery range,

brake pad wear and rideability. High quality hydraulic disc brakes, Shimano gearing, rear view mirrors, parking lock, wheel lock, optional LED lighting and horn complete the package. They are reliable and easy to maintain, utilising many standard cycle parts offering a low cost of ownership. FURTHER INFORMATION 01225 938078 sustainable-affordable-reliable-transport




The streets of Brighton are a brutal testing ground for new equipment, with potholed roads, tight spaces, and steep, long hills. The trike has really shone, and is providing us with a reliable, robust and versatile delivery vehicle. The riders love the surefooted handling, and the Heinzmann electric‑assist provides ample power for moving goods up the various hills on our routes. It’s great to see Iceni get so much right first time, and we won’t hesitate to buy again as we expand. Sam Keam, Recharge Brighton




Electric Bicycles

 to provide their citizens with good air quality and less noise, and to retain efficient access to goods and services. Research published in the CycleLogistics Ahead Final Report (2017) showed that one in two motorised trips involving cargo could be put on bikes and that about 25 per cent of urban commercial delivery can be by bike. Subsidies Cargo bike purchase subsidy schemes are helping to kick-start the cargo bike market in some larger mainland European cities. In Vienna, elected Vice Mayor, Maria Vasilakou, announced €800,000 support to families and businesses buying cargo bikes at the March 2017 ECLF Conference and it has been very successful. In April 2018, the Berlin Senate’s Environment Minister, Regina Günther, launched her two-year 700,000 scheme at an ECLF Symposium during an evening reception hosted by the Dutch Embassy in Berlin. Here in the UK, Transport Minister Jesse Norman is giving active consideration to extending the OLEV electric car and van subsidy scheme to electric-assist cargo bikes. Cycle logistics and cargo bikes are not the solution to congestion, poor air quality, urban noise, and carbon-dependent transport, but they are most definitely part of the solution. L FURTHER INFORMATION The Carla Cargo trailer

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Electric Motorcycles Written by Dave Luscombe, the MCIA

The evolution of powered two-wheelers Electric Powered Two Wheelers are not as bound by the demands of range in the same way as cars. By virtue of their light weight, even modest power units can generate powerful performance, while clever design tweaks, like removable batteries that can be carried in doors for charging, mean that electric scooters and mopeds are slowly evolving into the ultimate urban transport In 2008, a company was created to promote and prove electric motorcycles on the hallowed roads of the Isle of Man TT course, as traditional motorcycle manufacturers had been doing for over 100 years. In 2009, the first electric motorcycles set off down Bray Hill as part of the TTXGP. A decade later electric motorcycles still form part of the TT race programme and the FIM have commissioned a World Championship series for the bikes. World Championship promoters Dorna will be running an electric motorcycle race ahead of some MotoGP races in 2019. In the racing world, electric motorcycles are evolving at a pace and with Formula E and the new MotoGP support class, racing fans will be able to see first-hand the potential of electric powered bikes. Despite all the hype, electric race cars and motorcycles are still far behind their internal combustion counterparts in terms of performance, range and usability. F1 has embraced duel power hybrid technology to benefit from the best of both worlds,

and it seems that manufacturers of street cars see that as the best option to satisfy the demand for performance and range. Unique powered two-wheelers Powered Two Wheelers (PTWs), on the other hand, are not as bound by the demands of range in the same way as cars. By virtue of their light weight, even modest power units can generate sparking performance, and clever design tweaks like removable batteries that can be carried in doors for charging mean that the electric PTW is slowly evolving into the ultimate urban transport. The evolution to an ePTW future in the UK was initially kicked off by brands such as Vectrix and

Zero. Vectrix offered a large ‘Maxi scooter’ to tempt commuters, whilst Zero offered a more traditional looking motorcycle with a variety of styles from road to off-road. However both brands found the UK market very tough. One of the biggest barriers for the ePTW was price. Small petrol motorcycles had become increasing efficient and cheap to run and had managed to remain affordable to buy, whilst their larger capacity relatives had increased in price. With a ticket price of maybe £3,000 and over 130mpg on offer, it was hard to make the case for an electric equivalent at three times the price. Price parity with a petrol equivalent was widely seen as the key to the ePTW explosion. So it was with great fanfare that in 2015 the government department responsible for electric E

Firms who us moped e scooter s and thousan s can save by mak ds every year in to elect g the switch lightwe ric for their ight deliveri urban es





 vehicle rollout, OLEV, announced that it was extending the Plug in Grant to zero emission motorcycles. A maximum purchase subsidy of £1,500 would be available to qualifying ePTWs. The grant followed over three years of lobbying by the Motor Cycle Industry Association (MCIA), who then worked with OLEV to create qualification criteria based on technology and range, amongst other things. Fleet users Besides the obvious benefits of encouraging riders to swap their petrol scooter commute for a electric scooter commute, the grant was positioned to encourage fleet users to make the switch. Firms who use mopeds and scooters can save thousands every year by making the switch to electric for their lightweight urban deliveries, and some pizza delivery companies have been quick to realise the opportunity. The potential for the wider ‘last mile’ cargo delivery has also been highlighted by those looking at the grant from a commercial perspective, with cargo e-scooter brand Govecs quickly to market with a delivery vehicle. Two years after the launch of the OLEV grant, ePTWs are still a rare sight on the UK’s road network. But the evolution continues, the sector continues to grow and

sales are increasing. Brands like Zero are selling strongly off the back of the grant. Other manufacturers are also now plugging into the potential of electric: Harley Davidson introduced their electric prototype the Livewire and BMW have continued to push their C-Evolution maxi scooter. Dedicated ePTW brands like Energica have exciting sports bike product available and iconic names like Vespa are poised to bring electric versions of their scooters to market. Back on the Isle of Man, where arguably it all began in 2009, names like Mugan are lapping at over 120mph, only 13mph slower than their petrol ‘ancestors’ – albeit only over one lap. But these speeds have the appeal to attract top name riders like Mike Rutter and John McGuiness to contest their bikes. There can be no doubt that the gradual shift to electric motorcycles is set to continue and it is now only a matter of time before mainstream manufacturers like Honda come to the table with electric product that will spark the electric revolution that we’ve been waiting for. L

Online delivery firm Just Eat has partnered with Eskuta to encourage the use of electric scooters for food deliveries by offering a 45 per cent discount on the vehicles to each of its restaurant partners. The scooters will help reduce carbon emissions in cities across the UK and can run for approximately 50 miles on an eight hour charge. With approximately 100 million miles covered by delivery drivers in the Just Eat network in 2017, this new initiative will help reduce takeaway delivery contribution to UK emission levels. The scooters also help reduce noise pollution on the roads, running almost silently, allowing businesses to use them at night without impacting local communities. In addition to the initial discount, the offer will financially benefit takeaway businesses in the long term too. Independent research has found that restaurants will save £743 per year for each driver using an Eskuta instead of a petrol moped. Just Eat already partners with Make it Cheaper to provide access to an exclusive green energy offering, via Squeaky Clean Energy, to all of its restaurant partners. By switching to the green energy provider, restaurants will help reduce their carbon footprint. Graham Corfield, UK managing director of Just Eat said: “With more delivery drivers on the roads than ever before, we recognise that we have a role to play in finding ways to reduce the carbon emissions that result from food delivery. This partnership with Esukta is another step towards tackling the impact that takeaways can have on our planet and we look forward to continuing our work with our restaurant partners and suppliers to support innovation across the industry.”

Electric Motorcycles

Just Eat and Eskuta partner to encourage electric deliveries




Have you presented your plans to go green yet? If, like many fleet managers, you’re under growing pressure to present a strategy for lowering your vehicle emissions, expert help is at hand. Grosvenor Leasing’s 0Zone service offers advice and guidance to companies with cars and light commercial vehicles that are looking at ultra low emission and electric vehicles. Our 0Zone service includes: Support in reaching mely decisions about when your green strategy should begin Budgeeng advice, forecasts and help with the financial implicaaons of choosing EVs and ULEVs The development of a low emission vehicle policy Advice on the steps required to move smoothly towards Electric Vehicles (EVs) and Ultra Low Emission Vehicles (ULEVs) Assistance with plug-in and hybrid demonstraaon vehicles (subject to availability) Help with the cultural cultu change involved in encouraging drivers into a new era of company vehicle Grey fleet reviews Green fleet reviews

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Advice for small and medium-sized enterprises facing fleet management challenges 28 Electric vehicles What are the overall benefits of making the switch to electric cars for SMEs and fleet managers? Where are the savings to be made, and how easy is it to switch? Poppy Welch, head of the governmentindustry campaign, Go Ultra Low, investigates

39 Service, maintenance & repair (SMR) For small firms, perhaps the most time-consuming and burdensome aspect of looking after a fleet is making sure vehicles are fit for the road. Fleet organisations should therefore have robust SMR policies and procedures

47 Telematics For SMEs, selecting the right telematics provider isn’t easy. There are lots of suppliers to choose from and prices and functionality can differ greatly. What’s more, the benefits can be ignored altogether if the firm does not have a dedicated transport manager

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fleets to comply with any targets. The introduction of Ultra Low Emission Zones xoxoxoxo (ULEZs) across the country means businesses and SMEs areINFORMATION set to be affected, with the fleet FURTHER industry requiring more support to stay ahead of xxxfuture regulatory and legislative changes. With almost 95 per cent of fleets currently made up of diesel or petrol-fuelled vehicles, as found in the second annual Operational Fleet Insight report produced collaboratively by the AA and BT’s Fleet Solutions, the introduction of ULEZs will have a major impact on UK businesses. Air quality Currently high on the UK environmental agenda is air quality, with the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, bringing forward his aim to establish a series of ‘Zero Emission Zones’ in areas of the capital by five years, announced in the London Environment Strategy in May. These zones would require emitting vehicles to pay a road user charge from 2020 in town centre areas across the capital. London has already introduced a Toxicity Charge (T-Charge), coming into action in October 2017. Although this has impacted small businesses by doubling the cost of driving a vehicle through London during peak hours, it has been reported that the fee has already reduced the number of highly-polluting vehicles driving within the centre of the city by nearly a third. This is set to be replaced by a ULEZ in central London from 8 April 2019. It will implement tighter exhaust emission standard, requiring high emitting vehicles to pay a daily charge to travel within the area of the ULEZ. As well as London, ULEZs have been introduced in Brighton, Norwich, Nottingham and Oxford, with Birmingham, Leeds, Derby and Southampton all looking to follow suit by charging polluting vehicles. Therefore, SMEs need to implement a long-term fleet strategy, such as a switchover to alternative fuels.

will need to add more alternatively fuelled vehicles. The Operational Fleet Insight report found that SMEs are increasingly worried that manufacturers aren’t always treating them as a priority when it comes to advice and support due to their small fleet size. According to research, we recently conducted with BT Fleet, the lack of expert fleet knowledge that often exists within small businesses means that only 26 per cent of SME fleet managers and decision-makers say their role focuses on long-term fleet initiatives, such as a switchover to alternative fuels. It is vital for fleets to start making decisions ahead of the introduction of ULEZs by maximising efficiency through the implementation of connected car data and moving towards alternative fuels to power their business vehicles. The AA has already trained all of its patrols to respond and assist owners of electric vehicles as well as joining forces with Chargemaster to launch the multi-brand Electric Vehicle (EV) Centre in Milton Keynes. The centre provides information and advice on electric vehicles, as well as free driving lessons. Our partnership with Chargemaster also includes launching polar network cards across our patrols in the south-east which will provide a free complementary charge for customers who run out of charge on the road. By adopting more alternatively fuelled vehicles, fleets will be able to minimise costs from the introduction of ULEZs. Charging points There is a long way to go to reassure fleets that the route to an alternatively-fuelled future will be a smooth one. 82 per cent of AA members say they have been deterred from purchasing an EV by the lack of charging points nationwide. However, the infrastructure is growing. In the last Budget, the government announced plans to allocate £400 million for the fitting of electric car charging points, £100

AA research has found that SMEs are increasingly worried that manufacturers aren’t always treating them as a priority when it comes to support

million to boost the sales of clean cars and £40 million in charging research and development. In London alone, there are currently 128 open access rapid charging points, with 644 electric vehicle charging points having been installed since January 2017, with another 2,630 to be installed by the end of 2018/19. Furthermore, Chargemaster has committed to invest £50m over the next two years on expanding its public charging points (POLAR network) with a combination of rapid and destination charging points in hotels, leisure facilities, shopping centres and other locations across the UK. By 2020, there could be around 70,000 charging points both on the road and at destinations, with the number expected to rise to over 500,000 by 2030. Through this increase in readily available charging points, fleets will have greater confidence in choosing alternatively fuelled vehicles, leading to a reduction in running costs. Indeed, fleets are the backbone of British industry, and the AA is committed to providing businesses with the guidance to make the most of the upcoming EV revolution. We urge the automotive industry to provide the support businesses require to help them to anticipate upcoming legislation and reduce costs. L

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SME Guide Written by Poppy Welch, Go Ultra Low campaign

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How SMEs can benefit from switching to EVs What are the overall benefits of making the switch to electric cars for SMEs and fleet managers? Where are the savings to be made, and, just as importantly, how easy is it to switch? Poppy Welch, head of the Go Ultra Low campaign, investigates With lower running costs, reduced maintenance and a choice of more than 45 models, a switch to zero emission electric cars and vans should be an easy decision for any SME. In fact, according to research published by Go Ultra Low in January 2018, almost 435,000 SMEs could save up to £1,440 a year by switching to their first electric car. If companies use whole life costs to assess their fleet purchases there is a massive £625m of potential savings on offer to UK businesses with the transition to electric. Despite this fact, two thirds of SME owners fail to consider the long-term savings of an electric car, focusing more on the initial cost. Making the switch to electric also poses benefits beyond just saving money for SME owners and fleet managers. So, what are the overall benefits of making the switch to electric cars for SMEs and fleet managers? Where are the savings to be made, and, just as importantly, how easy is it to switch? Making the most of the support For many small businesses, the switch to electric can seem daunting, but the evidence has shown that there are significant savings available and support to help the process. To help drive uptake of both 100 per cent electric and plug-in hybrid cars vehicles, the government offer a number of grants which can help offset the initial cost. The Plug-in Car Grant provides a saving of £4,500 off the price


of an eligible new 100 per cent electric car, £2,500 off an eligible plug-in hybrid car, while the Plug-in Van Grant offers up to £8,000 off the price of an eligible new electric van. When it comes to charging, there are grants for that too. The Workplace Charging Scheme (WCS) provides eligible businesses up to £300 towards the purchase and installation cost of each charging connection, up to a limit of 20, meaning employees can make the most of charging while at work. For those that use company cars, the Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme (EVHS) gives up to £500 toward the cost of installing a dedicated home chargepoint. Miles of savings Once you have your electric fleet in place, the significantly lower running costs will quickly begin to pay dividends. Powering an electric vehicle can be up to 90 per cent less expensive than for conventional internal combustion engine cars – pure electric cars can be driven from as little as 2p per mile, compared to 10-12p for their petrol or diesel counterparts. Meanwhile, electric cars are made of far fewer moving


mechanical parts, meaning they have lower service, maintenance and repair (SMR) costs – as much as 70 per cent less than petrol or diesel-powered alternatives. These day-to-day savings and increased reliability mean they require far less time off the road. This means that an electric fleet will save your business not only valuable cash, but priceless hours too. Calculating the benefit There is a long list of tax benefits and incentives that that are available to both drivers and businesses. This includes exemption from London’s Congestion and T-Charges, lower benefit-in-kind (BIK) tax rates for company cars, Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) on 100 per cent electric cars under £40,000, as well as capital allowances and salary sacrifice regimes. When we think about applying all of these savings across a business fleet, the benefits soon multiply. According to research conducted by Lex Autolease in 2017 a business with a fleet of just 10 cars can save an impressive £14,000 each year by making the switch to either pure electric or plug-in hybrids. Although calculating this may seem a daunting task, especially when considering a whole fleet of vehicles, help is at hand. Go Ultra Low’s car tax calculator allows you to compare the overall tax benefit of switching to a pure electric or plug-in hybrid vehicle, while the journey cost savings calculator provides an estimate on savings on travel. Completing these calculators is simple and easy to do, and

For many s busines mall switch t ses, the can see o electric md but evid aunting, has sho ence significa wn that nt can be savings made

Poppy Welch, head of the joint industry and government funded Go Ultra Low campaign

can provide SME owners and fleet managers with a stronger understanding of exactly how the savings may apply to them. Improving local air quality While the bottom line will always be an important factor for fleet owners, there are many other reasons why they should choose electric. With 100 per cent electric cars having zero tailpipe emissions and plug-in hybrids releasing emissions at a considerably lower rate than their petrol or diesel alternatives, they can make a significant contribution to improving local air quality across our towns and cities. On a broader level, even when we factor in the emissions associated with electricity generation, electric cars still produce substantially lower greenhouse gases. This comparison will only swing further in favour of electric vehicles in the years to come, as the UK continues to increase the proportion of renewable electricity generation across the network. This means that by adding electric cars and vans to their fleets, SMEs have a great opportunity to make a significant contribution to the UKs greenhouse emission goals, while also meeting their own sustainability objectives. Confidence for fleets It is often the perception of potential new car buyers that opting for a car that helps the environment will mean sacrificing either choice or convenience, but this couldn’t be further from the truth. There are now more than 45 models available in the UK – meaning there is a model for every motorist. And when it comes to charging

your electric car, research from ChargeMaster has found that around 60 per cent of EV charging takes place at home, meaning that the majority of charging does not take place at public chargepoints. For those times when drivers do need to charge on the go, there are over 16,500 public chargepoint connectors in the UK, while 96 per cent of motorway service stations now have rapid chargepoints, which can charge cars to 80 per cent power in as little as 30 minutes. And with investment in charging infrastructure continuing apace, access to public chargepoints and charge times are improving all the time. Join the revolution To help more businesses realise the benefits of adding electric cars and vans to their fleets, in 2016, we formed the Go Ultra Low Companies initiative. Once a company officially obtains this status, they are provided with a toolkit to help them communicate their green credentials with the wider world, while also having the chance to be referenced as part of the Go Ultra Low campaign in trade media. There are now more than 140 Go Ultra Low Companies of all sizes – from household names like Microsoft and Britvic, to smaller businesses such as Eco Friendly Taxis and Battersea Property Maintenance. The process of becoming a Go Ultra Low Company is easy, just fill out the online form to kick off the application. Getting it right Making the switch to electric can deliver significant savings for SMEs, although financials are not the only benefit. SMEs have the opportunity to make a substantial contribution to UK emission targets and their own sustainability goals, as the evidence shows 700,000 UK motorists would make the switch to electric if given the chance by their employers. With all the latest information on grants and tax incentives, options for booking an electric test drive as well as tools to help you figure out how much your business can save, visit fleet to take your company’s first step to an electric fleet. L

SME challenges and how BMW supports the SME market

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There are a number of benefits available for drivers choosing a plug-in hybrid model. Our wide iPerformance range ensures that most drivers should be able to find a model that fits their requirements and budget. For many company car drivers, the reduced BIK compared to a diesel or petrol alternative is enough of a reason to choose a PHEV, however this is only one of the benefits. In the right circumstances, these models are able to deliver incredible fuel economy but this does of course depend on them being used appropriately, charged daily and used where the electric range can be taken advantage of. Performance is very strong as well, typically stronger than the 2.0 litre equivalents. PHEVs therefore have an important role to play in reducing CO2 emissions and improving air quality. As with all plug in hybrids, care should be taken to ensure that the right powertrain is chosen for the job the car is required to do. Our key account teams will provide advice on this to customers. As the iPerformance brand is still early in its life, BMW is able to react to the supply and demand very quickly. We know that the public perception of hybrid and full electric cars has changed dramatically and positively over the last 12 months and residuals are now improving. The current generation of BMW iPerformance cars are well received within the Retailer network as used cars with demand currently outstripping supply. Analysis suggests that the behaviour of iPerformance models are aligned to petrol for residual depreciation and both are performing well in the current climate. BMW plans to continue to develop products in line with regulation and customer requirements and offer a mobility solution for all needs, which will lend towards a balanced supply of all propulsion systems and aid to maintain the equilibrium of supply and demand thus leading to strong residuals. Whilst I can’t confirm specific details, BMW Group has announced that there will be 25 electrified models by 2025, 12 of which will be fully electric. The current model line-up is already the broadest premium range of plug in hybrid vehicles available. Our availability has been strong from launch and don’t forget we also have the MINI Countryman SE PHEV. It is fair to say that the majority of new models to be launched will have PHEV models becoming available at some point in their lifecycle.

Adam Harley is national leasing manager, BMW Group Corporate Sales FURTHER INFORMATION Adam Harley


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‘It takes one to know one’, as the saying goes. Most people don’t know what defines SMEs as a category. There may be no universal definition of small-to-medium in terms of turnover or employee numbers, but if you are an SME, then you just know it. And you can spot other SMEs a mile off too. How? Consider the issues affecting your vehicle fleet. You’re small enough to be able to do a licence check for each of your new employees, xoxoxoxo but big enough to forget to carry out annual MOT and insurance checks on your grey fleet. You’re small enough to notice when one of your sales reps has more collisions than the xxx but big enough not to bother talking rest, to him about it because it seems like such a minor issue in the grand scheme of things. You’re big enough to consider employing a dedicated fleet manager to deal with these problems, but small enough for the suggestion to be promptly dismissed as a luxury by your finance manager. Talk to other businesses who have the same concerns, they are probably SMEs too. For so many SMEs, the net result of these issues is that due diligence and duty of care tend to fall by the wayside. My team of account managers receive enquiries every day from businesses of all sizes who are looking for help in getting their driver risk compliance back on track. We often get the same kinds of issues repeatedly coming up in conversation. With so many SMEs having no dedicated fleet manager, a lot of the enquiries come from people with responsibility for other aspects of the business, i.e. health and safety, HR or finance. They may have identified a safety, compliance or cost issue but have no one to turn to internally for a solution. Outsource for expertise There is a perception, especially amongst businesses at the smaller end of the scale, that any kind of outsourcing will be costly, both in monetary terms and in terms of commitment to an external supplier. Initially, some of our clients are tentative about outsourcing what seems like a very complex business function, perhaps because of the belief that they would relinquish control of the output, or maybe from unproductive previous experiences with external consultants. In reality the cost of driver risk compliance usually represent a small fraction of the


cost of employing more internal resource, and the level of commitment is essentially no greater than doing what’s required just to become legally compliant, or to fulfil the requirements of an existing fleet policy. Far from taking control outside of the business, our driver risk management solution has been designed to make it much easier for a business to obtain drivers’ documentation, analyse their risk and organise training solutions. Beyond an initial (free) consultation to establish their requirements, our system is underpinned by an industry-leading online portal that’s been designed to put control back in the customer’s hands. We offer packages that spread the cost of on road driver training over a set period, meaning no hidden costs further down the road. Outsourcing a driver risk management programme can arguably produce one of the greatest wins for an SME and there are a number of benefits. For example, it can help reduce driver and vehicle administration; establish best-practice processes for maintaining documents and vehicle checks; identify high-risk drivers and target expert training interventions where they are likely to have the most positive effect. The vast majority of SME businesses don’t have this kind of training expertise internally, but this is where the real benefits to driver safety come from, especially if you have a reliable system for identifying those with the greatest need of training. The positive knock-on effects are far-reaching: establishment of best practice and full compliance at a minimum, plus improved driver safety, reduced collision rates and often improved fuel economy where our on-road training is used to full effect. A two-way street There’s an important point here for suppliers when working with SMEs. If you’re an SME yourself (you’ll now know if you are) you’ll know that an SME may well be big enough to have a significant need for your services, but still small enough to keep an eye on you and make sure you’re delivering value for money. There’s no room for poor service or hiding behind disingenuous claims. Think of your relationship with your client as more of a partnership and understand what you have in common. Being a charity,


Tony Greenidge

Tony Greenidge, business development director, IAM RoadSmart Tony Greenidge has over 30 years’ B2B sales and sales leadership experience, the majority of which has been gained in the corporate fleet sector working for a number of leading global and UK providers that include Arval, Inchcape and Hitachi Capital. He joined IAM RoadSmart in July 2017 with a clearly defined brief to grow the charity’s commercial division and a real focus on the corporate fleet sector. 2018 has seen the launch of a number of new products and a revised commercial model that makes it easier for clients to access driver risk management services at an affordable rate. This builds on IAM RoadSmart’s unique market position in that commercial success contributes to their charitable objectives.

some of IAM RoadSmart’s most enduring and productive relationships with clients and other organisations have been genuine partnerships, particularly with other businesses and charities of a similar size as ourselves. Many of these businesses share our belief in improving driver behaviour to achieve greater safety and efficiency. If you can get the right processes in place, a small-to-medium sized workforce can adopt a culture quite readily, and that’s when we see the greatest ongoing benefits. L FURTHER INFORMATION For more information, visit

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Outsourcing a driver risk management programme can arguably produce one of the greatest wins for an SME and there are a number of benefits, writes Tony Greenidege, business development director at IAM RoadSmart


Multiple 800 WORD wins EDIT for SMEs HEADLINE HERE outsourcing their driver AS TIGHT risk management AS POSS

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Encouraging all colleagues to drive more fuel efficiently can significantly reduce your company’s carbon footprint, save money and result in safer driving. Emily Stone from the Energy Saving Trust explains how to adopt a greener driving style Whilst there are many benefits to making the switch to ultra-low emission vehicles (ULEVs), the reality is that it may not always be possible to invest in a brand new EV fleet and the necessary charging infrastructure, especially for SMEs. Thankfully, it’s possible to take some practical measures when driving an internal combustion engine vehicle to slash fuel consumption. The benefits of encouraging all colleagues to drive more fuel efficiently include a significant carbon footprint reduction, safer driving processes, and a financial saving perhaps more substantial than you would have first thought. Drive smoothly The vast majority of fuel is used when accelerating. Using eco-friendly driving techniques – which simply entail driving smoothly and therefore accelerating less heavily or frequently – will help you to save fuel. Generally, this is achieved by exercising greater anticipation of road and traffic conditions so that you can slow down sooner and more gradually, therefore reducing the need for substantial re-acceleration. Try coming off the accelerator sooner to slow down, as opposed to maintaining speed up to a junction and braking heavily. Decelerating

to slow down for a stretch of road means that no fuel is being injected into your engine, and emissions for that stretch are virtually zero. When you do come to accelerate, doing so steadily and changing up a gear at reasonably low revs (around 2000 for a petrol engine and 2500 for a diesel engine) ensures that you are not pumping out fuel unnecessarily. Consider booking your drivers onto an Energy Saving Trust approved FuelGood driver training course if you are based in Scotland, or an EcoDriving course if you are in England. Details of these can be found at scotland/fuelgoodtraining and respectively, or by searching ‘Fuelgood’. By assessing each individual’s driving habits, a FuelGood trainer can recommend tailored behaviour changes to improve driving efficiency. Delivered by professional instructors, the success of these courses is in the statistics: amongst the drivers who undertook FuelGood driver training

Written by Emily Stone, assistant programme manager – electrification, Energy Saving Trust (EST)

Cut fuel costs through smarter driving in Scotland during the 2017-18 financial year, the average MPG increase was 16.6 per cent. The associated cost saving, for an assumed average mileage range of 10,000 miles per year per driver, is a significant 13.5 per cent. Perhaps more impressive is the carbon saving that this brings about: 427 kilograms across a group of 182 drivers.

Eradica tin excess g accelera compan tion on a is a gua y-wide scale to help ranteed way the tread a business lit lighter tle

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Feeling the drag? At motorway speeds, drivers accelerate less, however MPG will generally drop considerably. How come? Well, at high speeds air resistance, or drag, comes into play. Between 60 and 75mph, fuel consumption for a typical modern car increases by around 18 per cent, with 11 per cent of this kicking in between 70 and 75mph. Vans therefore demonstrate an even greater increase fuel consumption at speed, due to their less aerodynamic size and shape. Large diesel vans demonstrate a fuel consumption increase of around 23 per cent between 70-75mph. E


SPONSOR’S COMMENT  Remember, strapping extra items to your vehicle can also drag you down – even an empty roof rack can account for an additional five per cent of fuel consumption, whilst a roof box according to one study will add up to 23 per cent. Of course, for any vehicle, factors such as engine size and fuel type also come into play, with diesels generally displaying higher disparities between the maximum MPG and real life fuel consumption at speed. Ultimately, basic physics dictates that the faster and larger the vehicle, the greater the air resistance. In any case, a reasonable adjustment would be to slow down to just below the national speed limit. If you can’t trust your drivers to adhere to this, consider fitting company vehicles – particularly large vans – with speed limiters at 60 or 70mph. The popular belief is that a limiter may be fitted for safety reasons, or to reduce accidents, however their most positive side effect is more measurable as well as being economically beneficial. Turn it down You can also make the most of your vehicle’s potential efficiency by using air conditioning sparingly. To answer an age-old question, yes, air conditioning does increase fuel consumption by a significant percentage. Here’s how: air conditioning systems use heat pumps to pump a fluid around a circuit. The fluid evaporates in one part of the circuit – taking in heat – and condenses in another part – losing heat. The compressor that drives the movement of this fluid is powered by the vehicle engine, which is of course driven by your fuel. With a/c on ‘full blast’ around town, you’re likely to use anything up to a quarter more fuel. Don’t worry – you can still avoid arriving at afternoon meetings hot and sticky. The a/c does not have to be switched to the most extreme setting, and making use of the windows whilst in town actually exerts minimal drag and is far more efficient than using air conditioning. Steer away from using grey fleet Do you pay staff for journeys made in their own cars? You

could be paying much more for mileage than you need to. Grey fleet generally consists of older vehicles with poorer fuel consumption figures, resulting in outputs of CO2 and NOx which could be avoided if a more modern vehicle was used. However, the HMRC standard reimbursement figure of 45p per mile often leaves employees with far more of your money in their own pocket than they actually spent on fuel, and somewhat incentivises them to drive further on business mileage. Encourage smarter journey planning in your organisation by using convenient and stress-free options available to business customers, such as car clubs and rental companies. Last year, average emissions from UK rental cars were 12 per cent lower than the average emissions from a typical standard UK car fleet. Similarly, car club vehicles must meet Euro 6 emission standards. This is largely attributed to the fact that rental and club vehicles are newer, cleaner models, with some companies starting to add ULEVs to their fleets as well. One of the best ways to find a rental company is through the website of the British Vehicle Rental and Leasing Association ( Whether you rent a vehicle or join a club, you’ll be guaranteed a top-of-the-range model in terms of emission standards. In addition to improving your carbon efficiency, ditching grey fleet driving also smooths out bureaucracy and administrative challenges because insurance is taken care of by the rental company or car club. Head to the EST website for information on how you can use car clubs to best suit your company’s requirements. By encouraging smarter driving, you are simultaneously protecting your organisation’s transport budget and reducing its carbon footprint. Every unnecessary rev of an engine contributes to atmospheric pollution, so eradicating excess acceleration on a company‑wide scale is a guaranteed way to help the business tread a little lighter in the run-up to full fleet electrification. L

The value of connected cars with small-tomedium enterprises

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BMW always prides itself on delivering market leading technologies that make drivers’ lives safer and more convenient. Customers now expect a high level of connectivity in all vehicles, be that Bluetooth and Navigation, or digital services such as Real Time Traffic Information (RTTI) or Remote Services. Where BMW is concerned, all models come with DAB digital radio, built in 4G SIM, BMW Navigation and Bluetooth as standard. In addition, vehicles get a great level of ConnectedDrive technologies as part of a standard three year subscriptions across the range on all models. This now includes ConnectedDrive Services, Emergency eCall (for the lifetime of vehicle), BMW Online, Map Updates (either USB or Over the Air), Connected+, Access to the BMW Connected App, RTTI and the introduction of Remote Services (for the lifetime of the vehicle). One particular feature stands out for business users; Real Time Traffic Information (RTTI). RTTI updates every three minutes with dynamic route guidance based on the latest highly accurate traffic information. It also includes hazard warning with drivers being warned of ice, heavy rain, fog, breakdowns if they are on the same route and within a three mile distance of the hazard. Again this is standard on all vehicles. As well as the above, RTTI includes On-Street parking, showing probability of available spaces within city centres in nine major cities in the UK – further expansion is expected in the near future. There is a good mix between meeting customer demand and anticipating future needs through technological innovation. Examples of this include being the first manufacturer to offer an on-board computer with outside temperature monitor, first vehicle telematics system, first off-board route planning system, first music streaming service, first vehicle store for Connected Car services and so on.

Chris Hollis is product manager for BMW ConnectedDrive. FURTHER INFORMATION

Chris Hollis


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Outsourcing to access a fleet management company’s specialist knowledge TCH Leasing’s specialist team can take routine administrative tasks off your hands, which will free up your company time, allowing your team to focus on other important areas of the business

TCH Leasing is one of the country’s top 30 contract hire and fleet management companies and is one of the few remaining privately owned companies of its kind in the UK. Holding true to the principles of the Group’s founder, we are committed to providing first class quality services, designed to meet, and exceed, the real needs and expectations of each and every client. As part of the T C Harrison Group, we have traded under the same control and ownership throughout our 50-year history and our commitment for the future is to maintain this continuity for the benefit of our clients. Whether you are a large company seeking to outsource fleet provision, a public-sector organisation needing to reduce emissions and health and safety exposure, or a small business trying to minimise costs and administrative burdens, you can choose the vehicle funding and fleet management solutions that suit you. Our consultants will help you select from our products and services to build a unique solution to your individual fleet needs At TCH Leasing, we now offer outsourcing for your fleet administration. Our specialist team can take routine administrative tasks off your hands, which will free up your company time, allowing your team to focus on other important areas of the business. TCH Leasing has found that the two main reasons fleets outsource functions are shortfalls in expertise and/or headcount, says Ken Buckley, head of sales at the company. “I’ve been in the industry for 40-odd years and when I started, responsibility for the fleet was allocated to a fleet manager and


it was their primary function,” he says. “Nowadays, there are fewer fleet managers around and in most cases, fleets are run by one or two people as part of a wider job. So, generally, I find the expertise isn’t there across the board. That isn’t a criticism, that’s just a fact.” Many day-to-day tasks involving fleets are also time-consuming and becoming more complicated, he says, and fleet departments frequently do not have the manpower to perform them effectively. Fleets can often be complicated by internal and external challenges such as legislative changes, dealing with suppliers and safety issues. Many organisations distribute the various elements of fleet management between finance, human resources, health & safety and procurement, but if a fleet is managed poorly it can become a burden on your business and cost you time and money. Short of your business investing in an in-house fleet manager, it can be difficult to stay in control. With outsourcing you can access the fleet management company’s specialist knowledge and its experience of managing fleet clients. Its staff will also be up-to-date with the latest legal requirements and industry best practices. This can result in improved efficiency across your business, reduced overheads, new products or a new service. You would also be utilising and maximising industry experts. This is why outsourcing is a great solution for fleet. You can outsource driving licence checks, MID updates, issuing and renewing fuel cards, MOT and service reminders and much more.


By outsourcing your fleet administration, we at TCH Leasing can take all of these tasks on for you, freeing up staff to carry out other core duties. With us on hand we can take this burden off your business and manage your fleet effectively, with our dedicated customer service team on hand to assist. L FURTHER INFORMATION

Emma Hardwick

Emma Hardwick, Outsourcing Team Leader, TCH Leasing Emma Hardwick, Outsourcing Team Leader has been with TCH Leasing for 8 years with experience in all the day to day running of fleet management.

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The UK’s fleet industry is facing an exciting period of change, and getting clued up on the issues of the day is vital for SMEs to stay ahead of rising costs and environmental legislative requirements. This, for some businesses, requires a shift in perception and focus, writes Stuart Thomas from the AA Transport and logistics are key to any firm, but SMEs often place less emphasis on examining any costs they may incur, or future issues which may arise, instead focusing on boosting sales. However, by taking note of, and implementing action towards, the transitions facing the sector, SMEs can increase efficiencies across their businesses, as well as remaining compliant with the latest environmental legislation. The future of electric vehicles Alternative fuels are a priority for all fleets, as the government continues its focus on reducing emissions. From the introduction of Clean Air Zones in cities and increased taxes for diesel cars, there is a much greater focus on the environmental impact of vehicles. Companies looking to reduce costs must plan for a move away from diesel and petrol and add more alternatively fuelled vehicles to their fleets, but awareness of this future change across the industry does not appear to be widespread, as we’ve found when talking to our customers. The best way businesses can avoid picking up any charges and safeguard themselves against forthcoming environmental fees is to implement a long-term fleet strategy, such as a switchover to alternative fuels. We at the AA also believe that the government has a role to play in this, and that it should be providing incentives to help businesses achieve this goal, which it has not yet taken a decision to implement. We’re keen to help the fleet industry as it transitions to an alternatively fuelled future.

In both 2016 and 2017, we undertook an industry-leading research project, the Operational Fleet Report, with BT Fleet, with the aim of discovering how the industry is handling the switchover to alternative fuels, in order to help our customers more effectively. We learned that 95 per cent of fleets in general business are currently made up of diesel or petrol-fuelled vehicles. But in just four years’ time, two thirds of fleets expect to run their vehicles on alternative fuels. A large number of fleets are already looking for guidance and help on how they can work towards this goal. That’s why the AA has already trained all of its fleets to help its clients prepare for this industry shift. Our patrols have undergone intensive training in dealing with any breakdowns involving electric or hybrid vehicles using a specialised rig at the patrols’ training centre. We’ve also joined forces with Chargemaster to set up the multi-brand Electric Vehicle, or EV, Centre in Milton Keynes. The centre provides information and advice on electric vehicles, as well as free driving lessons and the opportunity to trial a range of new electric models. Our partnership with Chargemaster has also seen us launch polar network cards across

Written by Stuart Thomas, director of fleet and SME services at the AA

SME fleets: future challenges and opportunities our patrols in the south-east, which provide a free charge for customers who run out of power on the road. Patrols are able to identify the nearest charge point via the Zap Map app, which enables EV drivers to locate and navigate to charging points across the UK to minimise recovery and tow times, and to get vehicles back on the road as quickly as possible. We’re keen to ensure that all our members are supported on the road, and our partnership with Chargemaster gives them peace of mind in the event of an emergency.

From Clean Air Z increaseones and The clean diesel c d taxes for air debate a There’s no question that a great rs, there is e r the air quality in the f o c u the env s on UK’s cities, London in iron particular, leaves much impact mental room for improvement. The o vehicles f city has the third worst air quality, after Moscow and Paris,

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out of Europe’s capitals, according to new research. But the cost to businesses, particularly smaller companies and one-man bands, should not be forgotten in this air quality improvement drive, which will see the introduction of Ultra Low Emission Zones (ULEZ) in London next April. The ULEZ charge will penalise non-compliant cars, vans and motorbikes with a £12.50 daily charge, in addition to the Congestion Charge, and £100 for lorries, buses and coaches, and is E


SPONSOR’S COMMENT  in 24-hourly operation. Low emission zones have also been introduced in Brighton, Norwich, Nottingham and Oxford, with Birmingham, Leeds, Derby and Southampton all looking to follow suit by charging polluting vehicles. For many SMEs, the price of upgrading to an electric vehicle (EV) fleet to avoid the £12.50 daily charge per vehicle, may hold too hefty a price tag for their business to swallow, although it’s clear this is a future goal firms should be working to achieve. The AA believes there is too much stick and not enough carrot in the mayor’s plans to increase emissions standards for London’s vehicles, and is urging him to introduce a scrappage scheme for polluting vehicles to stop London’s small businesses grinding to a halt next April, when ULEZ takes effect. Connected data Because of company size and budgetary restrictions, it is a rare occurrence for an SME to employ a dedicated fleet manager. As a rule, the business owner/operator generally incorporates this role into their busy schedule, and thus, due to an extensive workload may not be aware of the areas where they should be looking to introduce efficiencies to streamline transport costs across their business. Connectivity is an area which is revolutionising the UK’s fleet sector and has already achieved widespread adoption in terms of first generation connected car technology. It’s a very broad term which covers extensive monitoring capabilities. Journey planning and mileage capture are two of the most common, but elements such as geo‑fencing and servicing integration can provide added value to business owners who use them effectively. Businesses which use connected car technology often report significant savings in areas

such as fuel and insurance, while others praise the positive reduction in risk and improved driving techniques. Going forward, connected car technology will become even more crucial to businesses which are looking to achieve more control of their vehicles. Owners are increasingly keen to employ the prognostic capability of connectivity to predict when vehicles may need servicing and schedule preventative maintenance, as well as calculate where spending can be reduced across mileage. With increasing incidences of shared mobility and the roll‑out of autonomous add‑ons in modern fleet vehicles, businesses will also need to support multiple drivers. The AA provides a number of mobility solutions to the SME sector and we’re aware that utilising vehicle management services can allow small businesses to maximise impact by focusing investment on other key areas, allowing more scope for growth. The AA’s connected car technology provision for fleet and SME incudes route planning capability which allows drivers to minimise time spend on managing their vehicles. A tool for compliance The use of data as a tool for compliance management with environmental legislation is another trend we are seeing emerge across the industry, particularly with the introduction of ULEZ. Rigorous planning is essential for SMEs in particular, which will be the hardest hit by the new charges, to ensure the right vehicle goes to the right job, with the correct equipment and can travel compliantly through a range of locations to avoid fines and penalties. The geo-fencing and journey planning elements of connected car technology could prove invaluable to businesses in managing this difficult issue. As the largest business provider in breakdown cover and specialist in fleet and SME, the AA is able to offer a specialised provision to companies operating across the UK’s small business sector, which will play a key role in the UK’s forecasted growth going forward. L

Citroën’s Business Centre Network provides expertise for SMEs

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Citroën’s Business Centre Network was designed to give SMEs the help they need in sourcing cars and vans and provide a source of expertise in finding the most suitable way to acquire the vehicles they need. The Citroën Business Centre Network and its dedicated sales teams can offer a wide range of products and services to meet the needs of businesses of all sizes and types. The PSA Group, Citroën’s parent company launched Free2Move Lease in the UK last year and they can provide a wide range of finance, service and maintenance and fleet management tools for business fleets. Sales teams are trained to help business customers choose the best vehicles for their needs from the extensive Citroën car and van ranges. Citroën can supply a range of cars offering some of the lowest levels of CO2 emissions, helping to ensure low business taxes and low BIK rates for drivers. The Citroën car range includes the latest C3 Aircross SUV and C4 Cactus models launched earlier this year, while the C5 Aircross SUV and new Berlingo will join the range later this year. The Citroën SpaceTourer MPV range was revised earlier in 2018 and now includes a range of models with seating for between five and eight people. The Citroen engine range includes petrol, electric and diesel power, featuring engines that meet the latest Euro 6d TEMP emissions limits, giving Citroën some of the lowest emitting diesels available. The company’s multi‑award‑winning 1.2-litre PureTech engine range offers a low emission petrol alternative, while the C-Zero and Berlingo Electric L1 and L2 vans offer zero-emission electric models. The Citroën van range consists of the Berlingo, Expert and Relay ranges, covering the entire light commercial vehicle spectrum. The Berlingo range includes the zero-emission Berlingo Electric, which offers a multitude of savings, both in terms of NOx and CO2 emissions and in running costs. Berlingo Electric can benefit from the 20 per cent Plug-in Van grant, as well as exemptions from the London Congestion Charge and Vehicle Excise Duty. Some local authorities offer discounts or exemptions for electric vehicle parking permits and grants are also available towards charging infrastructure. Dispatch and Relay are Citroën’s larger vans. Dispatch offers three different lengths, while Relay vans are available in four different lengths with three different roof heights. At the CV Show in April, Citroën launched the revised Relay Ready to Run conversions range, which now includes Tipper, Dropside, Curtainside, Luton, Box and Low-Floor Luton models. This extends the versatility of the Relay range still further, with completed vehicles covered by a three-year/100,000 mile converter warranty, matching that offered with all Citroën Relay vans.

Kris Cholmondeley is head of business sales for Citroën & DS. FURTHER INFORMATION


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Remove the administrative burden whilst still maintaining an effective management of your fleet My Fleet Manager Online is a cloud based fleet system that is tailored to enable you, as a customer, to manage your company fleet. My Fleet Manager Online offers a full reporting suite, incorporating date alerts for vehicles and a driver portal for your company vehicle and grey fleet drivers. The management of any fleet and travel policy is an involved role. For many businesses, large and small, simply determining the best way forward can prove a tricky decision. Whether you employ a dedicated fleet manager, bolt the role on to another specialist from departments such as HR, procurement, finance and facilities management or even make it the responsibility of a director, you will need outside involvement. Using My Fleet Manager Online is going to remove the administrative burden whilst still maintaining an effective management of your fleet and travel policy. No more piles of paper or numerous spreadsheets, no need to set calendar reminders – My Fleet Manager Online will take care of as much or as little as you need. Irrespective of funding method or funding supplier, all your vehicles can be managed under one, easy to use, fleet management

platform. Through its single supply of fleet management services, My Fleet Manager Online will help you ensure your employee travel policy is compliant, efficient and competitively priced. Its services include all aspects of company leased vehicles, personal leases, salary sacrifice, short term rental solutions, maintenance solutions, grey fleet management and many other services. As we embrace the growth in the use of technology, the firm also believes in retaining that personal touch, with every client having a dedicated account manager. And whether you are running five or 500 vehicles, the company will work with you to create a cost effective bespoke fleet management solution.

My Fleet Manager Online will free up time in the management of your company vehicles and drivers, allowing the time for your business to concentrate on its core activities. Using a smaller fleet management specialist will mean you are dealing with a business and people who take the time and care to understand your business. To arrange an initial discussion with a local consultant, please contact a member of the team on the details below. FURTHER INFORMATION 0330 332 6136

Accepted at over 1400 Applegreen, Morrisons, Tesco & Sainsburys sites in the UK. Competitive transparent pricing, free cards, No Admin or transaction fees.

Call: 0113 3572060 Email: Visit:



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Keeping vehicles on the road For small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), perhaps the most time‑consuming and burdensome aspect of looking after a fleet is making sure vehicles are fit for the road. Fleet organisations should therefore have robust service, maintenance and repair (SMR) policies and procedures in place Research from Allstar Fuel Cards has revealed that managers at small-medium firms spend an average of 32 hours a month on fleet administration, often with little supporting knowledge and tools. The research also revealed that 98 per cent of those accountable for fleets in SMEs are also responsible for many other tasks, such as general management, finance, sales, marketing and HR. In terms of SMR, 65 per cent manually approve all service, maintenance and repair work and 82 per cent are getting no discount of any kind from suppliers on their service, maintenance and repair costs. Against this backdrop, Allstar Fuel Cards has created a guide for SMEs on effective SMR for company vehicles. Why SMR is important? While SMR is a time-burdensome task, it must be performed to keep drivers safe and operations running smoothly. Organisations running fleets have a legal responsibility under their duty of care to keep their business vehicles in roadworthy condition. This applies to the very smallest businesses as well as the very largest. If there is a serious accident and vehicle condition is found to be a factor, the owners and directors can be prosecuted and even imprisoned. Fleet managers need to keep accurate records. Vehicle documentation such as MOT test certificates, insurance certificates and Operator Licences should be available in one place in preparation for audit and inspection by the relevant authorities. What’s more, well maintained vehicles are generally cheaper in the long term. This is because they tend to perform at optimum efficiency, and because minor problems can be rectified before they become major ones if they are identified early on. Unplanned maintenance increases vehicle downtime and costs. Plus, a vehicle with a full set of service stamps in its history will usually be worth substantially more when the time arrives for it to be sold. An SMR policy To get their SMR procedures in place, fleet managers need to establish an SMR policy as a crucial first step. The guide from Allstar Fuel Cards advises that to implement this, you’ll need to gather some key information first.

Firstly, consider how often servicing is recommended by the manufacturer and what kind of suppliers you want or need to use – franchise dealers, independent garages or fast-fits? Asks yourself if drivers regularly inspect their vehicles, and if so, how often? Have you provided them with guidelines on making an inspection and created a robust feedback mechanism? Replacing key wear items such as tyres and brake pads often involves making a choice. Can you set a policy in this area? For example, you could decide that tyres will be replaced when there is 3mm of wear left. Fleet managers should also think about what management tools might be useful in managing the fleet, such as spreadsheets, white boards and specialist fleet software systems. Do you have auditable systems in place to prove that all of the above is happening? If you are investigated by the Health and Safety Executive in the event of a serious accident, an auditable trail to prove that a vehicle has been kept in good condition will form an essential part of your defence. Finally, the value for money from suppliers should be considered, as well as whether you can gain greater control over payments and billing. Suppliers A supplier should be chosen that best fits your business. The location should be looked at to understand whether it is convenient for your drivers and for the operation of the vehicle and your business. You will need to consider if the supplier offers good value, how available they are, and if a courtesy car will be available. The supplier’s capabilities need to be looked at; can they carry out the work required to a good standard? For example, a complex or unusual vehicle may require diagnostic equipment only available at a franchise or specialist dealer. Finally, you should have a good relationship with the supplier, so that they can be relied upon to fix a vehicle quickly, and to charge fairly and transparently. Managing drivers When it comes to company car and van SMR, there are two main areas where you need to consider how much responsibility

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you want drivers to take, the Allstar Fuel guide advises. Firstly, should drivers have a role in booking work and then paying for it? How should the driver pay, with a company credit card or through pay and reclaim, where the driver pays personally and reclaims through company expenses? Secondly, you should consider in which ways drivers should be helping you meet your legal responsibilities? In some small-medium business fleets, especially those that operate on a national basis with a central head office, the entire responsibility for maintaining vehicles is passed over to the driver – they monitor when a vehicle needs servicing or repair, choose the supplier then make the payment and reclaim the cost. Passing responsibility to the driver is normally not a good way of managing SMR, simply because it means that you are abdicating control in virtually every area. There is no way of ensuring that the work being carried out is actually needed, that suitable suppliers are being used, that you are meeting your legal responsibilities such as timely MOTs and servicing, that the duty of care is being met, that consolidated invoices can be supplied, and that the business is not being defrauded. Instead, Allstar Fuels believes that the person responsible for managing company vehicles should keep records that indicate when service and maintenance is due, and should stay on top of the administration for vehicles on the company’s behalf, keeping control of all the key aspects. However, it is very important that drivers are made responsible for monitoring the basic condition of their vehicle on a day-to-day basis. This is something that is part of health and safety guidance. Researching the price It can be difficult to know whether you are getting value for money when it comes to the cost of servicing and maintenance. Research from Allstar Fuel Cards shows that fleet budgeting for SMEs is based largely on experience and expectations of what seems acceptable, although this is usually based on nothing more than personal opinion. The fact is, for many small-medium businesses, researching this kind of pricing is not easy. You can try looking online for typical prices but comparing information in a like-for-like manner is tricky. E Volume 115 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE


 In many ways, the best that you can do is follow the tried‑and-tested formula of asking for three quotes from different suppliers, even though this can be time-consuming. Approving work One of the most difficult financial aspects of SMR is that unforeseen jobs will often occur during planned maintenance that require approval. For example, during a routine service, it could be identified that new tyres are needed. Research from Allstar Fuel Cards shows that 65 per cent of managers with company vehicle responsibility in small-medium businesses manually approve all service, maintenance and repair work by phone or e-mail, but that they find it, understandably, very time-consuming. Other methods of approval are occasionally used. Some have a key system of control that requires approval if any bill is more than £500 for example, but a few simply pay whatever bills appear.  The fact is that like trying to ascertain whether an SMR price is good when booking a job in the first place, assessing the fairness of additional work is simply very difficult and most businesses have little choice but to agree. Allstar has conducted analysis of transactions and found that around 11 per cent of jobs completed by garages are not needed – and that these jobs cost an average of £48. Payments Research from Allstar Fuel Cards shows that paper invoicing systems remain the norm when it comes to paying for car and van maintenance. However, this is a process that is prone to error, time consuming and even open to employee fraud. A much better choice is to use electronic, centralised invoices from suppliers, which will allow you to process payments quickly and easily, as well as seeing what work has been completed at a glance. A few companies still use driver pay-and-reclaim which is not recommended. It leaves the driver out of pocket for a while and the employer open to fraud, with little centralised control. A key point is that you need to ensure that all invoices you receive are genuine VAT invoices and are fully HMRC compliant.

SPONSOR’S COMMENT Management tools Relatively few small-medium businesses use specialist management tools to look after their fleets, according to Allstar Fuel Cards. Instead, they use a combination of whiteboards; Excel spreadsheets, filling systems and Outlook calendar reminders to show them MOT and service due dates and expenditure. The success of looking after your fleet in this way very much depends on the quality of processes that you put in place, but even the best will provide only limited means of control and little genuinely useful management information. Notably, using all of these methods is labour intensive, requiring many man hours and extensive manual keying. They are also prone to user error. However, there are a wide range of software management tools available on the market for small-medium businesses that provide a good management structure for looking after SMR and all other aspects of company vehicle management. The quality and sophistication of software management tools vary quite widely, as does their cost and effectiveness, and the initial setting up process can be quite time-consuming. Once in place, though, they will deliver a level of management control and information that is simply not possible using a spreadsheet or paper systems. Conclusion SMR is not an easy subject for small-medium businesses – but it is one that can be tackled much more successfully with a sensible and structured management approach. The guide from Allstar Fuel Cards urges SME fleets to create a framework and adopt subsequent strategies that will reduce the amount of time you spend dealing with service and maintenance while, at the same time, delivering much better results. As a result, your vehicles – and your employees – should operate in a manner that is increasingly cost-effective, safer and more compliant. L

Daimler Fleet Management is proud to sponsor GreenFleet’s SME supplement

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Daimler Fleet Management (DFM) understands that SMEs are expected to accomplish the ultimate balancing act – achieving their growth aspirations whilst simultaneously improving efficiencies and running with the leanest of overheads. Factor in the noise and uncertainty brought on by Brexit, GDPR and WLTP, to name just a few, and it presents a very challenging scenario indeed. Here at DFM we believe that running an efficient and appropriate fleet shouldn’t be another factor on this already long list of challenges. DFM is an experienced provider of fleet management solutions to organisations running large multi‑marque fleets of cars and vans – we take this experience and apply those same principles and benefits to our SME customers. We believe that, rather than waiting for SME organisations to grow big enough to benefit from economies of scale and bigger buying powers, we should be supporting these organisations and help them on their growth journeys. Through consultation, ongoing account management and the latest whole life cost modelling DFM support SME businesses to achieve their goals through better fleet management and vehicle financing, helping to steer their fleets in the right direction. According to the academy for chief executives,* the biggest issue SMEs are facing in today’s market is attracting and retaining the top talent. The choice of an aspirational or ethical vehicle such as a hybrid or electric company vehicle could help with the recruitment process. Given the greater focus on corporate ethics and social responsibility, an organisation’s principles become a huge determining factor for prospective employees. The right car choice therefore becomes integral to both the perceived ‘perks of the job’ and to the ethos of your organisation. What’s more DFM will work with you to ensure your choices keep the accountants happy as well as the employees. Through our parent company Daimler AG, DFM has a heritage that spans all the way back to the invention of the world’s first automobile in 1886. What’s more, through the acquisition of Athlon as one of the leading car leasing and mobility providers in Europe in 2016, DFM has access to a wealth of tried and tested mobility products already proving a success across Europe. DFM continues to thrive in the areas of rental, leasing, and fleet management whilst keeping a keen eye on these future mobility innovations so we can better support our customers. * Reference 2017 survey

Robert Mills is fleet sales operations manager at Daimler Fleet Management and has been at the firm for 20 years. FURTHER INFORMATION Robert Mills

FURTHER INFORMATION To view the guide, visit

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Top tips on how to maintain a healthy and efficient fleet by managing fuel costs all year round with FuelGenie With a push on businesses to work smarter and more efficiently, companies of all sizes will be working hard to plan and budget effectively throughout the year. For businesses with larger fleets, trying to cut down on costs can seem daunting. However, fuel card provider fuelGenie, says that having a large fleet doesn’t mean you have to take a hit on fuel costs. According to RAC, average fuel prices are currently at their highest since late 2014, so it’s important now more than ever to closely monitor your fleet and fuel costs. fuelGenie is the expert when it comes to keeping fuel costs low for SMEs. The team share their top tips on how to maintain a healthy and efficient fleet by managing fuel costs all year round. Firstly, shop savvy. Pump prices are often one of the biggest challenges facing fleets. Whilst you can’t always predict how prices may change in the future, you can be smart with where you shop. Filling up at supermarket forecourts means you can benefit from fuel which is up to 3ppl cheaper on average. Using smart systems is the next step. In order to obtain an accurate account of mileage and costs, accurate GPS

technology, telematics or smartphone apps can be used to help track the time used for business and private mileage. Implementing systems like these can help to clamp down on incomplete or late records of journeys as opposed to using a manual system, meaning that fleet managers can keep a close eye on expenditure. The next tip is to avoid driver bad habits. Advising drivers on how they can tailor their driving behaviour can make a huge difference to fuel efficiency. Department for Transport figures state that you will use up to nine per cent more fuel driving at 70mph than you would at 60mph, and up to 15 per cent more fuel than driving at 50mph. For businesses with larger fleets, vehicles can be on the road the majority of the working week, so consider offering drivers additional training and incentives to encourage efficient driving. Fleet managers should also look at tightening their choice list based on CO2 and MPG. By rewriting your choice list and by only choosing vehicles with low g/km CO2 levels and higher MPG figures you can make savings in not only fuel but in National Insurance and Benefit in Kind taxation. Finally, consider the savings you can make




from a fuel card. By signing up to a fuel card like fuelGenie, not only is it free of charge, but also offers endless benefits for business users such as 24/7 reporting, no hidden fees, easy invoicing and access to over 1,350 supermarket forecourts. Robert Pieczka, managing director of fuelGenie, said: “Fuel prices continue to rise and if they remain at these levels during 2018, fleet managers may be under significant pressure to find ways to reduce fuel costs back to budgeted levels. Our top tips aim to help cut down on total fuel costs and for their fleet all year round.” FURTHER INFORMATION

SMEs and Clean Air Zones

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While research suggests that many SMEs are in favour of Clean Air Zones as a response to air pollution, the reality is that smaller firms will be hardest hit by penalty charges or the cost of upgrading their vehicles to meet emissions standards. GreenFleet reports on the matter Seventy-five per cent of SMEs have said they are in favour of Clean Air Zones (CAZs) to help resolve the problem of illegal air pollution in some cities, despite the cost impact it might have on them. This is according to the latest quarterly Close Brothers Asset Finance Business Barometer, which examined how responsive firms are to the idea of CAZs. However, the industry is calling for the fair treatment of SMEs when considering Clean Air Zones, as they are most likely to struggle to absorb the penalty costs, or to upgrade their fleets in the time given. More than 40 towns and cities in the UK are at or exceeding air pollution limits set by the World Health Organisation. As such, the government is mandating that Clean Air Zones should be introduced in at least 22 cities in the UK. Measures are unclear, but city authorities are likely to charge vehicles that do not meet emission compliant vehicles to enter the zones. These are most likely to be Euro 6 for diesels and Euro 4 for petrol cars.

“A Clean Air Zone is an area in which a local authority has brought measures into place to improve the air quality,” explained Neil Davies, CEO, Close Brothers Asset Finance. “Initially, it was thought that the Clean Air Zones would apply only to buses, taxis and HGVs. However, this was widened to include non-compliant private vehicles.” Regions According to the Close Brothers Asset Finance Business Barometer, firms in the North East and London were particularly open to the idea of CAZs, with 85 per cent of companies saying that they are in favour of clean air zones. Bottom of the regional list was the North West and South East, both at 67 per cent. 75 per cent of those in the transport & haulage sector were positive, while the construction industry was slightly less in favour, at 68 per cent. “It’s encouraging to see hauliers so

positive,” said Neil. “They are often an easy target for critics of vehicle emissions, but like everyone else, they have a stake in ensuring air quality improves.” Businesses with smaller turnovers were not put off by the prospect of clear air zones, despite many of them potentially being located in these areas. Six in every ten business owners would be prepared to pay to enter a clean air zone if the vehicle fails to meet the required environmental standards. Regionally, 72 per cent of Londonbased businesses are the most likely to pay the zones, while Welsh firms at 49 per cent were least likely. At only 46 per cent positive, businesses turning over less than £250k were least prepared to pay to enter a CAZ.

The industr is callin y the fair g for t of SME reatment conside s when r clean a ing how ir will opezones rate

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The negative impact Despite this research from Close Brothers Asset Finance, there are calls from the E


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SPONSOR’S COMMENT  industry to make CAZs fairer for SMEs, who are more likely to feel the financial burden of penalties or a fleet upgrade. A coalition comprising the British Vehicle Rental and Leasing Association (BVRLA), the Road Haulage Association (RHA), Freight Transport Association (FTA) and the National Franchised Dealers Association (NFDA), wrote a joint letter to Transport Secretary Chris Grayling in April. It said that firms that rely on HGVs are treated fairly when clean air zones are introduced. FTA’s head of UK policy, Christopher Snelling, said: “We support the need to improve the quality of our air in the cities, but given CAZs only bring forward the beneficial change that is coming anyway by a couple of years, we don’t want this to be at the cost of small businesses’ ability to trade.” Sadiq Khan has confirmed that London’s Ultra-Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) will be expanded up to the North and South Circular boundary in 2021. This will be an area 18 times larger than the Central London Ultra Low Emission Zone and will be managed in the same way as the central London ULEZ, which is being delivered in April 2019. It will operate on top of the congestion charge, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 365 days a year. Drivers within the zone using non-compliant vehicles will pay a daily ULEZ charge of £12.50. These include motorbikes that do not meet Euro 3 standards; petrol cars and vans that do not meet Euro 4 standards and diesel cars and vans that do not meet Euro 6 standards. Diesel buses, coaches and lorries will need to meet the Euro 6 standard. Commenting on the announcement, Christopher Snelling said: “While some large logistics operators will have mostly compliant fleets, the real losers here will be small companies reliant on their lorries or vans. Small firms tend to buy second-hand so will have older vehicles that do not reach the latest emissions standards and will really struggle to raise the loans they will need to buy compliant vehicles a few years early then they would have.” FTA has calculated that, for a typical small firm with five lorries or five vans, the extra cost of compliance in 2020 or 2021 will amount to more than 40 per cent of their annual turnover – putting the business model of the company at risk.

How can fleets prepare? The government has said the clean air zones will come into effect in 2020 to give businesses time to “prepare for the change in order to minimise the impact”. In this time, fleet operators should review their vehicles to ensure they are compliant if they must operate in and out of clean air zones. If they are diesel, they should be Euro 6. Otherwise, where feasible, alternatively fuelled vehicles should be introduced. Stuart Thomas from the AA commented: “Companies looking to reduce costs must plan for a move away from diesel and petrol and add more alternatively fuelled vehicles to their fleets, but awareness of this future change across the industry does not appear to be widespread, as we’ve found when talking to our customers. “The best way businesses can avoid picking up any charges and safeguard themselves against forthcoming environmental fees is to implement a long‑term fleet strategy, such as a switchover to alternative fuels.” Otherwise, for logistics firms that operate in and out of clean air zones, one method of avoiding the impact of charges could be to establish a delivery hub outside of the city centre, making use of last-mile delivery firms. Phil Bulman, transport sector specialist at management consultancy, Vendigital, said in a Telegraph article: “It may become more cost-effective for some businesses to outsource the final stages of delivery or even look into leveraging public transport to keep investment and delivery costs down.” This may also be time to consider other mobility solutions, such as rental, car clubs, and public transport – or a combination of the above. Andrew Benfield from the Energy Saving Trust, commented: “Mobility as a Service (MaaS) is an increasingly popular concept in transport circles and involves paying for transport solutions as and when you need them in a pay-as-you-go or even subscription fashion. In practice this could mean paying a monthly or annual subscription to access various services as and when. For example, the subscription may include rail travel, bus fare, bike hire and car rental that could be requested when needed.” L

Connected technology for more efficient fleet management

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Free2Move Lease UK, the PSA Group’s multi-marque leasing company, has launched two significant new products. Firstly, the Command range of products uses connected technology to manage vehicle maintenance on your behalf. Secondly, the new telematics software platform, Connect Fleet, offers vehicle administration and driver monitoring in an easy-to-use, live system. Command is available in two packages; Level 1 & Level 2. All Contract Hire vehicle contracts of 18 months or longer are supplied as standard with Command Level 1. This provides service and MOT email reminders and flags up any potential excess mileage, helping fleet managers avoid end-of-contract charges. Where vehicles are fitted with approved connected technology, Free2Move Lease uses real-time mileage data to calculate precisely when servicing is due, or if excess mileage is anticipated. The Command team can also make service bookings for you. For a small additional monthly fee, Command Level 2 removes day-to-day service and maintenance administration, by booking all your scheduled servicing and MOT work, then manages any issues to minimise downtime. With the Connect Fleet telematics software, vehicle and driver information are gathered live from the on-board vehicle management system and sent to the fleet manager. Three packages are available, depending on requirements, covering fleet management, eco-driving & geolocation. Level 1 covers Fleet Management by monitoring vehicle hours and miles travelled. The system also monitors fuel consumption and the on-board diagnostics system for mechanical alerts and servicing and maintenance alerts. Level 2 adds to the above with eco-driving feedback by analysing driver behaviour, then providing customised eco‑driving reporting. This can help reduce operating costs, (by minimising vehicle wear and tear, fuel consumption and emissions) and can assist with duty of care responsibilities. Connect Fleet Level 3 then adds Geolocation, enabling fleet managers to monitor the live location of vehicles and receive details of routes taken and itineraries. Level 3 also provides geofencing alerts that can be customised. This can help identify when vehicles enter or leave a particular location to help with monitoring of time-sensitive deliveries, for instance.

Duncan Chumley is Managing Director of Free2Move Lease UK FURTHER INFORMATION Duncan Chumley


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Vehicle tracking cuts costs for Scottish milk supplier An Ayrshire milk delivery company has cut costs after investing in plug‑and-play vehicle tracking. Based in Largs, Mills Milk is a family‑run business that has been in the dairy industry for more than a century. The firm, run by directors Adam and Alastair Mills, provides doorstep deliveries to over 5,000 homes in Ayrshire and Glasgow, as well as wholesale supplies to shops, restaurants, cafes, hotels, ice cream factories, schools, and offices all over Scotland. The company wanted to fit vehicle tracking devices to its 20-strong fleet of refrigerated vehicles, but did not want a hard-wired solution. Adam Mills said: “Some of our vehicles are on hire, which gives us the flexibility we need in our fleet. So while we were keen to invest in vehicle tracking, we did not want to be paying installers to fit and then uninstall tracking devices as vehicles came on or off hire.” Mills Milk opted for Trakm8 Prime, a self‑install tracking device that plugs into a vehicle’s on-board diagnostics (OBD) port. There are no installation or removal fees – and vehicle downtime is kept to a minimum. The company has now installed Trakm8 Prime in all 20 LCVs, a mixture of Mercedes Sprinters and Ford Transit Connects.

“We wanted to be able to track our vehicles in real time, as it is very handy for locating the nearest driver when we are fulfilling last-minute customer orders,” added Adam. “However, we have also been impressed with Trakm8 Prime’s driver behaviour scoring. In my view, this has definitely helped us to reduce vehicle wear and tear and cut our expenditure on fuel.” Priced at £12.99 or less per vehicle, per month, Trakm8 Prime is a cost-effective fleet management tool for small and medium-sized businesses. Designed for fleets of one vehicle and upwards, Trakm8 Prime is the only vehicle tracking solution currently available that enables the customer to browse and buy online, without having to deal with a sales person. More than just vehicle tracking, it is proven to reduce fuel consumption, by coaching drivers out of bad habits such as engine idling, aggressive acceleration and harsh braking. Its unique vehicle health alerts provide an early warning system to drivers, helping sole traders and small businesses to avoid costly breakdowns and non-starts caused by issues such as flat batteries. Trakm8 Prime’s P11D management tool also cuts down on HMRC paperwork and accountancy fees, thanks to easy separation of

NO-NONSENSE, SELF-INSTALL VEHICLE TRACKING Vehicle & Battery Health Alerts Business/Private Mileage



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business and private mileage. For additional peace of mind, businesses can choose Trakm8 Prime Protect, the combined package of Trakm8’s RoadHawk DC-2 dash cam and Trakm8 Prime, for £23.99 or less per vehicle, per month. Trakm8 Prime offers a free, no‑obligation, 30-day trial of its vehicle tracking solution to small fleet owners. FURTHER INFORMATION


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Telematics: ten tips for small fleet decision makers For SMEs, selecting the right telematics provider isn’t easy. There are lots of suppliers to choose from and prices and functionality can differ greatly. What’s more, the benefits can be ignored altogether if the firm does not have a dedicated transport manager. GreenFleet asked Trakm8’s Colin Ferguson to offer some advice to SMEs looking to implementing telematics Keep your goals realistic Telematics can provide businesses with hundreds of reports and insights. For SMEs however, many of the reports used by larger companies are simply unnecessary and will only blur your objectives by swamping you with data. Prioritise your objectives and select a few key performance indicators (KPIs) that will help you to achieve them. Popular goals include reducing fuel consumption, eradicating unsafe driving or better management of business and private mileage. Your time is precious A good telematics solution will be available to buy online without the hassle of lengthy sales consultations. A web-based purchasing process is ideal for SMEs and smaller fleets as orders can be completed in minutes, giving employees the time to focus on their day job. Devices are usually shipped on nextday delivery and can be installed instantly without any professional know-how. Try before you buy Before committing to a purchase, look for a provider that allows you to test their telematics system. Online demos are a great way for you to explore what features and benefits are on offer but you won’t understand the full advantages to your business until you have fitted a device to one of your business’s vehicles. Any provider worth their salt will offer you a month-long trial and give you full access to web portals and mobile apps. DIY installation Self-install systems, which plug into the vehicle’s OBD port, enable you to fit the device yourself. Most vehicles are compatible with modern telematics devices but ensure you use an online compatibility checker like the one on Trakm8 Prime’s website – this will help you to locate the OBD port for your specific vehicle. Self-install solutions also allow you to quickly transfer devices between vehicles, for example in the event of hiring a vehicle on a short-term lease. Some companies offer free installation of hard-wired devices.

However, beware of hidden costs for removing the device as many companies charge you for this at the end of your contract.” Feature rich Telematics systems have come a long way from simply monitoring vehicle whereabouts. For a small price, features such as driver scoring, determining business and private mileage, vehicle health alerts, and geo-fencing now come as standard with all good tracking solutions. These features will help you to effectively manage your vehicles but also assist with boosting productivity, improving safety and reducing vehicle running costs. Insights on the move Having the ability to view your vehicle’s data while out of the office can be critical to making business decisions quickly. Keep your eye out for a solution which has a web portal rather than one that requires software to be installed on a specific machine so that you can log on from a mobile device or tablet. Most good providers also offer apps for individual drivers to monitor their personal data and identify their own areas for improvement. It’s good to talk Some companies try to keep telematics systems secret from employees. This is often counterproductive. Always take the time to explain the benefits of vehicle tracking to your colleagues. It is not just about enhancing the bottom line for the business – it is also a way of improving driver safety, simplifying their mileage returns and preventing frustrating breakdowns. This should help allay any fears from employees who are concerned that telematics is a Big Brother-style monitoring system. Make it fun Incentivise employees with prizes or cash bonuses for the best performing or most improved drivers. This type of gamification introduces healthy competition among drivers and makes safe and efficient driving more fun for your workforce.

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Creating weekly or monthly competitions also speeds up the effect telematics can have on improving driver behaviour while removing negative opinions employees. Keep in touch For businesses that are new to telematics or those that have recently switched supplier, some of the features within a web portal can be confusing. While you should look for a provider that has a simple-to-use interface, not everything will always be 100 per cent clear so don’t be afraid to contact the company with any issues you may be experiencing. After all, your problem may have a very simple solution. Protect privacy Ensure your supplier is serious about data protection. You should be confident that your telematics provider and solution are fully-compliant with privacy and data protection laws including the new GDPR legislation. Look for a company that is ISO27001 accredited, one that vows never to never pass on your personal data to third parties, and one that ensures all personal data is collected in accordance with the Data Protection Act 1998. FURTHER INFORMATION


With London’s Ultra-Low Emission Zone (ULEV) coming into effect next year, and other Clean Air Zones set to be operational by 2020, what should fleets do to prepare? We ask our leasing experts for their advice As part of the government’s plans to clean up air pollution, Clean Air Zones have been proposed for the most polluting areas in the UK, to be operational by 2020. As it stands, these are Birmingham, Derby, Leeds, Nottingham and Southampton. London has its own Ultra-Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) coming into effect in April 2019, and Sadiq Khan has recently confirmed plans to extend the zone to the North and South circular boundary in 2021, making it an area 18 times that of the central London zone. Scotland will be introducing four Low Emission Zones, with the first one to be introduced in Glasgow by the end of the year. The implementation of Clean Air Zones have been left to local authorities and a £220m Clean Air Fund has been made available to them to help them take action. However, not much is know about how the clean air zones will work – some may charge non compliant vehicles, while others may not. This leaves fleets operating left in the dark and unsure of how to prepare. “The reality is that we don’t yet know enough about clean air zones to advise clients,” comments Mark Gallagher from Grosvenor Leasing. “How they will look and be put together will be down to each local authority to decide and we can only guide our clients when each authority sets their plans out with clarity.” With regards to London’s ULEZ, where more information is known, Mark says: “The practical advice for those working in and around London is that they need to look at their fleet and if its not Euro 6 compliant, then maybe reallocate vehicles to other parts of the country, where possible. “However, bear in mind that cars will need to be close to four years old to be affected. Euro 6 vehicles won’t need to pay a T-charge, and that came into force in Sept 2015 for cars and Sept 2016 for vans, so many of our clients may not be hugely affected.” Rob Mills from Daimler Fleet Management sees the introduction of air quality measures as an opportunity for organisations to review their whole fleet. He says: “Now is


Robert Mills, fleet sales operations manager, Daimler Fleet Management Robert has over 30 years’ industry experience, with the last 20 being with Daimler in various management roles across both the Daimler Fleet Management and CharterWay (van and truck) divisions. He currently heads up the sales operations function covering pricing and risk management, plus consultative support to sales management. Mark Gallagher, green fleet specialist, Grosvenor Leasing Mark has over 15 years’ industry experience and has worked with a variety of corporate and public sector fleets. He has been with Grosvenor Leasing for five years and provides strategic account management and operational fleet reviews, recommending suitable policy, vehicle choice lists and customer support aimed at delivering financial savings for clients. the time for fleet managers to be sitting down with their leasing partners and seeking consultative advice as to what positive changes can be made to run an ever cleaner fleet. The fact is that traditionally fuelled vehicles may still be the most cost efficient option for a lot of their drivers who will remain unaffected by these zones. Fleet managers also need to decide if a move to electric is a purely monetary decision or do their directors potentially have a corporate responsibility to uphold too.” Rob continues: “Once they have determined how many of their vehicles regularly enter the proposed ULEZ and other Clean Air Zones they will be in a better position to make informed decisions and cost analysis. What percentage of their fleet will be affected? Which vehicles could be changed to either pure electric or plug-in hybrids? Do their vehicles even need to enter Clean Air Zones at all? Could employees be incentivised to complete their journeys using public transport to enter cities that have Clean Air Zones? And if they run LCV fleets, could utilising services such as ‘last mile


delivery’ companies be more cost affective then amending their fleet line up?” Which fuel? There is a lot of negativity surrounding diesel at the moment. The dieselgate scandal with Volkswagen opened the flood gates for more and more exposure on the health risks associated with older diesels. More is also being reported on how accurate lab based emissions tests actually are compared to real world driving. Only recently, an emissions-measuring project by the TRUE initiative said that all Euro 6 diesel models exceed the Euro 6 diesel NOx emissions limits measured in real-world driving. To better join up the gap between quoted and actual on-the-road mpg figures, the new WLTP procedure for measuring emissions and fuel economy has been put in place. There are, however, positive messages coming from the government and industry about their investments in alternative fuelled vehicles and their associated refuelling infrastructure. So, with all this going on, how have people’s attitudes to fuels changed, if at all?

Icon made by Freepik from

Expert Panel: Leasing


Rob Mills believes that the negativity fuel economy performance data, is surrounding diesel has undermined the now being used on new vehicles. fact that diesel cars are now cleaner The new laboratory tests will measure than ever and that manufacturers have everything from fuel consumption and had considerable success in launching carbon dioxide, to nitrogen oxides, new models where NoX emissions particulates, and carbon monoxide. have been significantly reduced. Crucially, on‑road testing will also take It is a view shared by Mike Hawes from place to gain ‘real-world’ emissions data. the Society of Motor Manufacturers Cars tested under WLTP will still have and Traders (SMMT), who has said a lot NEDC CO2 and fuel consumption values of reporting about diesel has failed to reported until 2020. Cars approved under differentiate between new and vehicles of WLTP will continue to be taxed against the the past. He said: “Euro 6 diesel cars on sale NEDC CO2 emission value, so there is no today are the cleanest in history. Not only change to the CO2-based taxation systems have they drastically reduced or banished in the short term. This includes vehicle particulates, sulphur and carbon monoxide tax (VED) and company car tax (BIK). but they also emit vastly lower NOx than But WLTP is likely to result in higher their older counterparts – a fact recognised CO2 values for many vehicles and more by London in their exemption from the needs to be done to resolve the lack of Ultra Low Emission Zone that will clarity around BIK from 2020/21. come into force in 2019.” Rob Mills commented: “Ultimately Rob Mills believes that the release of new WLTP Not the positive result to the figures should be looked diesel backlash is the on positively by fleet uch is t m u growing number of operators. The new figures o b a alternatively fuelled are intended to reflect known clean air e models becoming real life driving more h t how ork – w available, and that accurately and will l l i w it has opened the zones charge non provide greater insight ay eyes of some fleet into the Whole Life Cost some mliant vehicles, (WLC) managers to consider of running a fleet. comp le others other options. He “Positive impacts can whi said: “The negative be made on areas such t publicity around diesel, as fuel management where may no no matter which side of the fleet managers will soon have argument you sit, has at least greater accuracy surrounding led to the expansion of some exciting both driver and vehicle performance. choices for customers and has prompted “Fleet managers should already be in fleet managers to consider options the habit of regularly reviewing their previously outside of their comfort zones, fleet policies and vehicle selections to whether that be alternative fuel types ensure they are meeting the needs of both or new mobility solutions with a greater the business and also the driver. In that focus on business use and needs rather respect the affect WLTP is having on fleet than simply availability and opinion.” managers is no different. We are offering Mark Gallagher has seen a definite shift our customers support and guidance with customers who previously ran allaround model mix and fuel choices in diesel policies now allowing other fuel exactly the same way we do when new types into the choice lists. However, Mark model releases hit the market or each year believes that fleet buyers can sometimes when the rates of VED are reviewed. find themselves “between a rock and “Whilst the manufacturers work through a hard place” because diesel is still the their WLTP requirements, we would advise most viable option. He explains: “Many not making drastic policy changes. HM drivers still only see petrol as the viable Treasury has confirmed that it will not be alternative to diesel, but when they look using CO2 values from WLTP for tax purposes at comparable petrol models, they see (both VED and company car tax) right away, the chance that their fuel bill and CO2 so there is no need at this stage for any will go up, hence costing them more. knee jerk reaction from car fleet operators.” So it leaves them between a rock and a Mark Gallagher comments: “The hard place because they read the dirty advice we are giving is to allow some diesel headlines, are being given better movement in your BIK calculations choices of vehicle and fuel types, but still when placing orders, and to also expect conclude that diesel is right for them.” lead times to vary and, at worst, orders “There is also a hesitancy by some to be cancelled as the manufacturer drivers to adopt alternative fuels, even withdraws a vehicle at short notice. when they are placed into their choice “We recently sent our customers a full lists, yet this is changing over time and lead-time vehicle availability schedule across more are now choosing ULEVs and all manufacturers to give them a flavour EVs than ever before,” Mark adds. of what’s happening, but it’s a moving beast and we all must appreciate that. More realistic tests “It’s a rough ride but what we will have The Worldwide Harmonised Light on the other side is a far better approach Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP), which to emissions testing and reporting, making promises more realistic emissions and the short-term pain worthwhile.” L

Rob Mills Ultimately the government can support the fleet industry by ensuring that charge points, (particularly rapid charging points) are actually fitted where they can be easily used by the public, so that switching to an all electric option for fleet operators is an obvious choice, rather than one clouded by the logistical inconvenience of how their drivers are going to charge their vehicles. Fleet managers are unlikely to move to cleaner and greener vehicles ie; pure electric, unless the infrastructure is in place in inner city locations to charge electric vehicles quickly and easily. Grants for electric vehicles through the likes of OLEV have been embraced by both the public and private sector and there are also discounts available for workplace charging stations but do these go far enough? Businesses need lean processes and maximised vehicle up-time. Even if you have a vehicle that has a 250 mile range, if you need to stop for over an hour to get half a charge this is not acceptable. Fleet managers want the confidence that major cities such as London have a charging infrastructure that makes the ULEZ workable, without compromising their commitements to their customers or their bottom lines.

Expert Panel: Leasing

Final thoughts

Mark Gallagher We desperately need clearer guidance on taxation for the next five years, because we only have the next three years’ BIK rates and that means drivers ordering on four year cycles are being asked to gamble with their potential tax bill, which puts people off. One of the reasons we launched our 0Zone service is to help our customers unravel the complexities of becoming greener and offer them as much certainty as we can over what the future holds so that they can plan and budget with confidence. We therefore monitor every development in very close detail so that we can interpret it and advise our clients accordingly, however this sometimes feels very difficult when the essential information isn’t forthcoming.



Road Test


Ford Fiesta Zetec 1.1 S/S Manual Richard Gooding discovers that with the arrival of the eighth-generation Ford Fiesta comes a raft of driving technologies, as well as an improved interior and enhanced efficiency Ford Fiesta Zetec 1.0 Ecoboost S/S Manual

Written by Richard Gooding



998cc three-cylinder petrol





MPG (combined):





£145 first-year, £140 thereafter




£16,465 (including VAT, £18,485 as tested)

What is it? The Ford Fiesta needs very little introduction. A perennially prominent car in the UK, the latest version of Ford’s evergreen supermini currently sits atop the top ten most popular cars in the UK chart (by quite some distance), and has been majestically on that throne for the past eight years. In fact, it’s been a favourite in the UK since its was launched in 1976, with almost every driver or family having a Fiesta story. It’s a small car, but a big deal. So, it’s an even bigger event when there’s a new one. Ford has sold an incredible 16 million Fiestas since it appeared to take on the likes of the first-generation Volkswagen Polo, Renault 5 and Fiat 127, and sold 94,533 in the UK alone in 2017. Last summer, Ford took the wraps off the eighth-generation Fiesta, and while it treads the evolutionary look path, a range of new connectivity and driver assistance technologies make the new car the most advanced yet. And while others have shunned the three-door supermini due to diminishing demand, Ford has stoically stood firm and offers both three and five-door versions, as well as a new ‘crossover’-style Fiesta Active. While diesel engines still form part of the 2018 Fiesta line-up, we’re testing the 98bhp 1.0-litre Ecoboost petrolengined model in affordable Zetec trim.

How does it drive? enables it to scoot around bends and in and Because of the same-again looks, there’s no out of the urban landscape with ease, and mistaking the latest Fiesta for anything else. for a car so ‘everyday’, it is both playful and Small details such as the ‘ghost’ LED daytime rewarding where most rivals are not. The running lights and horizontal rear lamps gap between it and its rivals may not be so mark out the newcomer, but otherwise it’s wide as before, but you’d still choose a Fiesta much the same story as before. Inside, for small car driving fun. Even the ride the new Fiesta is very different is comfortable and composed. to the old, ditching the old As before, the former car’s mobile-phone inspired International Engine of the Small h and button-laden centre Year-winning 1.0-litre c u s details host’ console for a new three-cylinder is perky g ‘ e colour touchscreen and a joy to wring h t as me i t infotainment system, performance from. y a d LED ghts and which works well: There’s the usual li g n it’s fast, clear, and three-cylinder thrum i n n r a u r e r l a t the colour screen and the turbocharged n o horiz rk out the motor graphics are smooth, gives punchy a m s p with good transitions mid-range performance m la er between functions. which will satisfy the newcom Quality has taken a step needs of most drivers. The up, too, though the new benchmark 0 to 62mph sprint Volkswagen Polo still shades it for takes 10.5 seconds, and even on overall build appeal. Ford claims that the the move when cruising, the engine is new Fiesta has 16mm more rear legroom, refined thanks to twin-independent variable but it still feels tight when compared to the cam timing and an offset crankshaft. small VW and its Spanish sister, the new The eighth-generation Fiesta is the safest SEAT Ibiza. Practicality is largely as before, yet, too, with improved passive and active the three and five-door Fiestas offering 292 safety systems including faster-acting restraint and 303 litres of boot space respectively. systems, a locking driver’s seat belt tongue Room isn’t the be all and end all, though, and rear seat load limiters and seat belt and the Fiesta, just as before, puts the focus pre-tensioners. Depending on model, there very much on driving. The class leader for are also adaptive cruise control, blind spot driving dynamics before, little has changed monitoring, driver alert, lane keeping, as with the new version. A 15 per cent increase well as traffic sign recognition systems. in torsional stiffness and increased front and rear tracks ensure that the new car easily How economical is it? feels as agile as the old, dancing from corner Ford quotes an official 65.7mpg for the 1.0to corner. Sharp turn-in and quick steering litre Ecoboost-engined Fiesta. Over a 300-mile


Road Test

Ford Fiesta Sport Van returns Ford unveiled the most technologically advanced version of the Fiesta van at the 2018 Commercial Vehicle Show in April. The smallest commercial Ford on offer, the new Fiesta Sport Van is based on the new Fiesta, and therefore shares that car’s enhanced connectivity and advanced safety systems. It is also one of the first Ford CVs to use the new FordPass Connect on-board modem technology which turns it into a mobile Wi-Fi hotspot with connectivity for up to 10 Wi-Fi-enabled devices. Two petrol and two diesel engines power the new Ford LCV, while the threedoor body can carry approximately 1.0m3 of cargo. There is also a load length of almost 1.3 metres, with a gross payload of around 500kg. The new 2018 Ford Fiesta Sport Van arrives in the autumn.

test distance in more ‘real-world’ conditions, we achieved 48.0mpg. An ‘Eco’ button allows for greater economy wiggle room, by altering some of the car’s parameters. What does it cost? The new Ford Fiesta range kicks off at £13,715 for the 115g/km three-door Style with 69bhp. These entry level cars feature Bluetooth connectivity, electric windows, halogen protector headlamps, manual air conditioning, and remote central locking. Safety kit is comprehensive, too, with an ‘NCAP Pack’ consisting of lane keeping, rear seat belt minder and centre seat headrest, and speed limiter systems, as well as automatic headlamps. Move up to the Zetec trim as our test car, and you gain niceties such as 15-inch alloy wheels, chrome exterior trim, front fog lamps, a heated windscreen, and Ford’s ‘Sync 3’ DAB radio colour 6.5-inch touchscreen infotainment system with Android Auto and Apple CarPlay. Zetec cars cost from £15,215. Above Zetec – from £17,165 – sits Titanium and Titanium new Fiestas, and if you opt for these, goodies such as 16-inch alloy wheels, auto wipers, cruise control, driver assistance technologies, keyless start, LED rear lights, rear privacy glass and an 8.0-inch touchscreen are included. Special B&O Play editions based on Zetec and Titanium models offer unique body colours and an upgraded sound system, while £17,165 upwards ST-Line and ST-Line Xs have a more sports-orientated personality. The luxury-orientated Vignale offers opulence and a leather-lined interior. The just-on-sale hot hatch 197bhp ST tops the new Fiesta range, with the top-line ST-3

priced at £21,495. There is also a new version of Ford’s small best-seller, the Active, with a raised ride height and rugged styling features. From £17,795, it’s not a full SUV but offers a does of crossover style in a smaller package. How much does it cost to tax? In 107g/km 1.0 Ecoboost Start-Stop specification – as our test car – the new Ford Fiesta attracts a first-year VED rate of £145, dropping to £140 in years thereafter. Company car tax is 22 per cent, while BIK would cost a 20 per cent tax payer £62.30 per month, rising to £124.70 for the same period at 40 per cent. The greenest version of the new Ford Fiesta is the 1.5-litre TDCi diesel with 84bhp, which has emissions of 97g/km. This means the first-year rate of VED is £145, while the standard rate thereafter is the same as the 1.0-litre petrol-engined car. The most expensive version when it comes to tax is the 1.0 Ecoboost automatic with Start-Stop and 17-inch wheels, which, with 139g/km, is pegged at £205 for the first year, and £140 for those thereafter.

Why does my fleet need one? The Ford Fiesta doesn’t crown the most popular cars chart for no reason. A finely judged package, the latest model boosts the small Ford’s reputation. Overdue, the technological advancements are most welcome, and the updated interior is a revelation. The balancing act Ford needed to do was to improve the overall package but not lose the drivability strengths of the outgoing car, and on the whole it has succeeded. Comfortable, a delight to drive, and now with an interior which is much nearer the class best and a raft of welcome technology, the new Ford Fiesta impresses with its broad range of talents. Very little needs improvement, and the latest version is unreservedly and dramatically continuing its reign as the UK’s most popular car. As an appealing and rounded small car package, it’s hard to beat. L FURTHER INFORMATION



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800 WORD EDITto What you need HEADLINE HERE know before selecting AS TIGHT POSS your fleet’sAS lubricant

An abundance of choice, as well as continually evolving legislation and technology, mean that choosing the right lubricant for your fleet is a decision that requires careful consideration To ensure that the best solution is found when selecting a new lubricant, there are four actions that should be taken: Firstly, begin by consulting the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) vehicle manual – or contacting them directly for further advice when deciding upon which product to stock. Then consider what conditions your fleet works in – both how the oil is used and the climate it will operate in should be reviewed. Lubricants are available in different Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) viscosity grades, which dictate the acceptable temperature range in which they can perform optimally. For example, the “W” often found following the SAE viscosity grade stands for “winter”, according to the engine oil viscosity classification. This indicates that the oil provides protection in colder temperatures and is suitable for use in winter or cold climates. For fleets working in warmer conditions, a heavier engine oil such as an SAE 30 or 40 grade may be more suitable. These oils can prevent the breakdown often caused by higher operating temperatures by ensuring lubricant flow and the protection of critical engine components. Synthetic vs non-synthetic Fleet managers should then review the benefits of synthetic vs non-synthetic. The synthetic quality of an engine oil is important as they offer varying properties. Full synthetic and synthetic blends provide better stability than conventional oils and therefore have improved performance in varied weather conditions. Depending on the operational conditions, synthetic blend oils can also improve performance and engine protection. Full synthetic oils can offer an even greater performance as they are formulated with


Karl Rudman

a synthetic base stock that is blended with high‑quality, performance-enhancing additives. Proof of performance The final consideration before selecting a lubricant, should be whether the manufacturer can demonstrate their product line’s credentials with proof – such as OEM approvals or customer testimonials. To provide a solution for all of these conditions and to comply with the strictest global regulations, including Euro VI, ACEA and North American API CK-4/FA-4, we introduced the DURON™ next generation product line. Putting the product line to the test to demonstrate just how effective it is, DURON was tested at the renowned Millbrook Proving Ground in Bedford, England. Assessed within a controlled environment designed to reflect real world use, the new and upcoming DURON UHP E6 5W-30 was found to offer up to a 2.34 per cent improvement in fuel efficiency and emissions. DURON also provides a more robust resistance to oxidation and aeration, as well as increased shear stability that enhances both engine performance and protection. Selecting a lubricant for a fleet is a serious task that should always involve professional recommendations by OEMs and expert lubricant manufacturers, as selecting the wrong oil could result in the invalidation of a warranty, increased engine wear and inefficiency, as well as unnecessary downtime. To find out more about DURON, visit: and search DURON. L FURTHER INFORMATION


Karl Rudman, business development manager, Petro-Canada Lubricants Karl Rudman has over 20 years’ experience in the oil and lubricants industry, amassing a wealth of specialist knowledge working for leading global oil companies including Mobil and BP. Karl has held the position of Business Development Manager, Petro-Canada Lubricants Europe, since January 2016. Petro-Canada Lubricants develops and produces 350+ world-class lubricants, specialty fluids and greases. Karl’s role focuses on the growth and development of finished lubricants sales for Petro-Canada Lubricants Europe, using the full breadth of his expertise to evolve both the product line and approach to the market to further accelerate strategic growth in the EMEA region. Karl holds a degree in Chemistry from the University of Nottingham.

ELECTRIFYING THE MILK ROUND We chat to Milk & More’s CEO Patrick Müller about the firm’s 200 electric StreetScooters

Official fuel consumption figures in mpg (l/100km) for the New Ford Tourneo Custom range: urban 36.7 - 39.2 (7.7 - 7.2), extra urban 43.5 - 48.7 (6.5 - 5.8), combined 39.8 - 44.8 (7.1 - 6.3). Official CO2 emissions 183 - 164g/km. The mpg figures quoted are sourced from official EU-regulated test results (EU Regulation 715/2007 and 692/2008 as last amended), are provided for comparability purposes and may not reflect your actual driving experience.

Commercial Vehicle News



PostNL welcomes first two Renault Master Z.E. vans

Mail delivery firm PostNL in the Netherlands has taken delivery of the first two electric Renault Master Z.E. vans, with a further 15 to be added by the end of 2018. The electric van will help PostNL to achieve its aim of CO2-free deliveries in 25 inner cities where it operates by 2025. The new Renault Master Z.E. is equipped with the latest generation 33kWh lithium-ion battery. As a result, the commercial vehicle is able to realise a realworld range of around 75 miles, which makes it ideal for ‘last mile deliveries’ in inner cities. The interior of the Master Z.E. has been carried across from the

Master to provide a mobile office, while the battery charges in just six hours with a 7.4kW charger. The Renault Master Z.E. will be available in six versions with loading space of between 8 and 13 m2. PostNL will use a fleet of seventeen Renault Master Z.E. models by the end of 2018. Liesbeth Kaashoek, packages and logistics director at PostNL: “PostNL likes to invest in sustainability. For instance, our package distribution centres are constructed using the most sustainable materials and also feature solar panels on the roof. We are also updating our vehicle fleet thanks to various models of electrical bikes, scooters and cars. We are thus proud to be the first company to drive with the Renault Master Z.E. in Europe. This means our packages will be delivered emission-free in the inner cities of Utrecht and Leeuwarden, and other cities will follow soon.” READ MORE

MOBILITY Alphabet’s AlphaCity to now offer van-sharing AlphaCity, Alphabet’s car sharing product, has expanded to offer light vans for the first time. Until now, AlphaCity was exclusively for BMW and MINI vehicles, but members now have access to shared-use vehicles in every segment from across a wide range of manufacturers, as well as an even greater selection of electric and hybrid vehicles. This move is to help organisations of all sizes meet their diverse mobility needs. The company has also redesigned the AlphaCity reservation platform, as well as integrating it into the AlphaGuide app. In addition to key existing app functions such as access to contract data, electric charging locations or managing service requests, the new AlphaGuide will improve the user experience through a new look-and-feel to make it easier to use and more intuitive. Users access the CarSharing

section of AlphaGuide by selecting AlphaCity from the menu. Users can then book an AlphaCity vehicle for business purposes (according to their company rules) and view all upcoming reservations in detail including vehicle details, pick-up location, as well as the date and time of booking. Users also have the ability to access or cancel their existing AlphaCity reservations via the app. Carsten Kwirandt, head of marketing and business development at Alphabet International, said: “We continue to offer our customers the bestfit business mobility solution for their company. Improving our highly-successful product AlphaCity by expanding the choice of vehicles which are able to be shared within a fleet, is our latest way of doing so.”

Van derogation to make electric vehicle move simpler for logistics operations

Becki Kite, environment policy manager, FTA

Earlier this year, in an effort to encourage the uptake of low emissions vehicles, government decided to allow category B licence holders to operate an alternatively fuelled van with a maximum weight of 4.25 tonnes, removing the commercial payload penalty due to the increased weight of the battery. In May 2018, this move from the EU confirmed that alternatively fuelled vehicles may be driven on a category B (car) driving licence, provided that a number of conditions are adhered to. The derogation will apply to electric, natural gas, biogas, hydrogen and hydrogen-hybrid vehicles which are used for the transportation of goods within the UK. These vehicles will have a maximum authorised weight above 3.5 tonnes, but not exceeding 4.25 tonnes, and must not be towing a trailer. The authorisation shall only apply until 4 May 2023 when the temporary derogation will end. The driver must also have completed a minimum of five hours’ training on the driving of vehicles exceeding 3,500 kilograms. This news comes just as Sadiq Khan, the Mayor of London, launches the Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Taskforce. FTA has been invited to sit on the Taskforce alongside representatives from organisations including the Federation of Small Businesses, British Retail Consortium, SMMT, RAC Foundation, UK Power Networks, and OLEV. This group of influential business organisations will provide a platform for industry experts and enablers from which the charging infrastructure in London can be expanded. While at the outset the focus of the Taskforce will be on London, it is envisaged that the outputs from the delivery plan it creates will be applicable to towns and cities across the country. The lack of charging infrastructure has been identified as one of the more significant barriers in the uptake in alternatively fuelled vehicles, and it is hoped that this initiative will ensure electric vehicle infrastructure is installed in the right places. Partnered with the Category B driving licence derogation, it is hoped that we will see an increase in the number of electric goods vehicles delivering on our streets. FURTHER INFORMATION




Commercial Vehicle News



City of London trials electric refuse truck

A trial of a fully-electric refuse truck has begun in the City of London. The 26-tonne truck, named Electra, runs on lithium-ion batteries and can complete a full 10-hour shift. The trial will last for two months in the Smithfield area of the Square Mile. The vehicle will also be trialled in two other UK cities later this year. City Corporation refuse vehicles collect over 1,500 tonnes of household waste and more than 850 tonnes of recycling a year. Jeremy Simons, chairman of the City of London Corporation’s Environment Committee, said: “This vehicle is the first vehicle in the UK that is a fully electric, low entry refuse collection vehicle. It’s fully electric, both for compression of the waste and for powering the vehicle, and crucially - no diesel emissions.

“Our ambition is to have a full fleet of clean refuse vehicles. We are taking responsibility for the cleanliness of all our vehicles, encouraging the use of low and zero emission models with our partners. “It complements the work we are doing to help City businesses cut back on vehicle deliveries and use more hybrid models.” Russell Markstein, commercial director of NRG Fleet Services said: “We are excited about the Electra, having worked with the City Corporation developing it over the last 12 months. “This truck can deliver zero emissions rubbish collection in the Square Mile and long term, it could be a big step forward.” as a result of the change. READ MORE

SEA FREIGHT More freight to be taken off road and transported by sea at Scotland’s Port of Montrose Scotland’s Port of Montrose will be taking more freight by sea thanks to a £1.5m Ports Mode Shift Grant from the Scottish Government. Over a five-year period, it is expected to deliver environmental benefits worth £5.2m through the removal of 1.26m tonnes of freight from roads and 86,000 HGV lorry journeys in the process. Minister for Transport and the Islands Humza Yousaf said: “As part of Programme for government, we have committed to encouraging the transfer of freight from road to more environmentally friendly modes of transport.


“This is a great example of us delivering on that promise and helping Montrose Port Authority deliver millions of pounds of environmental benefits. “The grant will also safeguard 31 jobs and help the Port of Montrose remain relevant and competitive in the current marketplace, which is seeing an increase in the size of cargo vessels.” The changes to the quaysides are expected to be completed in summer 2019.



The latest from LoCITY, TfL’s low-emission commercial vehicle programme Our next LoCITY event is James Smith, programme a half-day roadshow on manager, Wednesday 18 July at The LoCITY Stoop in Twickenham, London. It is free to attend, but you must register in advance (see website below). We’ll be focusing on the urban distribution sector to explore both established and emerging ultralow emission HGV technology. On the day we’ll have experts on hand talking about clean refrigeration, telematics, eco-driving, the Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) and smart routing. This summer we begin track testing plug-in commercial vehicles to give an impartial view on what’s an achievable electric-only mileage. We’ll assess three vehicles to represent a small van, large van, and small HGV and then report how performance changes across real conditions like driving with a full load, the windows down and Magic FM on the radio. This innovative research, alongside our existing web tools, has been funded by TfL to provide you with unbiased information. On that note, hopefully by now you’ve used our new Fleet Advice Tool ( to estimate the whole life cost of an alternatively fuelled fleet. With the recently announced expansion of ULEZ and the strengthening of the Low Emission Zone (LEZ) standards for heavy vehicles, it’s even more important we explore how cleaner vehicles can work for businesses in London. I’m sure ULEZ will be a hot topic at our three quarterly LoCITY working groups. They are invite only but new members or suggestions for speakers are always welcome. At the end of May, the Mayor of London launched his electric vehicle infrastructure taskforce to boost delivery of the charging infrastructure needed to increase the take-up of electric vehicles across the capital. LoCITY is supporting this new initiative by gauging opinions direct from commercial fleets. If you feel a lack of rapid charging may hinder your business then feel free to participate by visiting the website below. London needs a major expansion to remain a global green city and the Mayor firmly believes this will only be possible through partnership with the private sector. Next month I’ll talk a bit more about how existing LoCITY Champions have been helping members make changes to their fleet. These ambassadors are advocates because they’ve tested new technology for real world teething issues and can show you first hand what worked for them. Lastly, don’t forget to hold a date in your diary – Wednesday 5 September – Kempton Park. It’s the LoCITY conference. FURTHER INFORMATION

A refuse collection vehicle at the end of its working life has been re-engineered with an electric motor to take part in real world trials in the Royal Borough of Greenwich. GreenFleet reports A refuse collection vehicle that was approaching the end of its working life has been re-engineered with an electric motor to extend its lifespan, and will be trialled by the Royal Borough of Greenwich. The Greenwich trials will test the viability of the technology and make the economic case for repowering heavy commercial vehicles. The prototype will be tested alongside the existing refuse fleet. Refuse lorries operate in largely residential areas, with their diesel engines in constant use 14 hours per day, achieving only 2.5 – 4.5miles per gallon, having emissions that include nitrogen oxide (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (THC and NMHC) and particulate matter (PM). By replacing the diesel engine with an electric motor, the eRCV produces zero emissions in operation. It also greatly reduces noise pollution – a significant issue for urban residents. It is estimated that the repowering modification will double the vehicle’s operational life, extending it to 14 years, and generate a lifetime cost saving of up to £300,000 compared to a Euro 5 or older diesel powered model. The project The trial marks the culmination of a year long technical development by a consortium comprised of Magtec, a UK technology firm specialising in the electrification of vehicles, the Royal Borough of Greenwich and its urban innovation agency, DG Cities. The project was part funded by Innovate UK, the government’s research and development lead. The eRCV is a 26-tonne battery-powered, zero-emission refuse vehicle designed to do a 14 hour ‘double shift’ dutycycle without needing to recharge. This is an industry leading performance. The eRCV project anticipates both growing demand for refuse vehicles and new air quality legislation that will affect 60,000 vehicles in London.

from October 26 2020, vehicles over 3.5 tonnes will need to meet the ULEZ standard across Greater London. Vehicles operated by local authorities will not be exempt. Due to regeneration and increased recycling by residents and businesses, local authorities are also experiencing growing demand on refuse services, with the Society for Motor Manufacturers citing a national increase in registrations of new Refuse Collection Vehicles of 20 per cent from 2016 – 2017. The UK Department for Energy and Climate Change predicts average fuel prices to increase by more than 22 per cent from 2012-2030, prompting a case study of one company which estimated they could produce savings of up to 100,000 litres of fuel a day if they were to repower their fleet of 800 vehicles. These fuel savings would result in significant financial savings for waste management authorities.

Refuse Trucks

End-of-life bin lorry recycled with electric power

of an Royal Borough of Greenwichowned Mercedes Econic vehicle with an electric vehicle drivetrain, designed and manufactured in the UK. The company also replaced the engine-driven hydraulic system, which drives the rubbish compaction and bin lift systems, with an electric-powered system that is more efficient and quieter. With its varied and complex urban setting, Greenwich is the ideal place to test the vehicle. The project supports Greenwich Council’s commitment to improving air quality as is demonstrated by the authority’s release of the Greener Greenwich Strategy and Air Quality Action Plan in 2016. The Leader of the Royal Borough of Greenwich, Councillor Danny Thorpe said: “We are delighted to be part of the consortium to develop and trial the first 26 tonne repowered electric refuse vehicle in the world. Greenwich is at the forefront of developments in areas such as smart city innovation and smart mobility. I am particularly pleased that we are pioneering technology that will help address poor air quality. This further underlines our commitment to improving the environment, as reflected in our ambitious Greener Greenwich strategy. I am sure residents and pedestrians will also appreciate the quiet operation of the vehicles. With this ground-breaking eRCV in operation, the loudest noise on the street on bin day in the future maybe the refuse collectors whistling.” Magtec programme director, Simon Buckley added: “This is a UK first, and demonstrates Magtec’s commitment to innovation. Repowering a heavy goods vehicle with our electronic drivetrain not only extends its life, it also removes both noise and urban pollution.” L

By replacin the die g engine sel electric with an m eRCV p otor, the zero em roduces iss operati ions in on

The vehicle Magtec, the UK’s largest supplier of electric vehicle drive systems, replaced the diesel engine and associated components


The challenges of a refuse truck From April 8 2019, Central London will become an Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ). Vehicles entering the area will need to meet tighter emission standards of 80 mg/km or pay a daily charge of £12.50 for cars and £100 for most vehicles over 3.5 tonnes. In addition,




A modern electric ‘milkman’ fleet Milk & More, Britain’s largest milk delivery service, is rolling out its quietest and most environmentally friendly delivery vehicles to date, following its purchase of 200 electric StreetScooters. GreenFleet finds out more from the firm’s CEO, Patrick Müller What does Milk & More do and what is its fleet comprised of? As the largest home deliverer of milk to the doorstep, Milk & More’s 1,100 milkmen and women deliver milk and an ever-evolving range of high quality products to more than 500,000 customers across England and Wales. We make 80 million deliveries, delivering over 100 million onepint glass bottles every year. Customers have the choice of

ordering via our new-look website or directly with the traditional British milkman. We have some 1,200 milk floats, including 200 brand-new StreetScooter electric vehicles and 200 traditional electric milk floats. The remainder of our milk floats are diesel vehicles, which are used on some of our more rural, typically larger, rounds.

Nois reductioe a key b n is the new enefit of What led to the and a v milk floats decision to buy electric vans? one giv ery important en that We are always looking at deliverie m ways to improve our carbon s are m any footprint. Sixty per cent of the a d before 7am. e milk we deliver to the doorstep comes in our iconic one-pint glass



bottles, which are reused on average 25 times. With the purchase of 200 of the new StreetScooter milk floats, a third of our milk floats are now electric. The StreetScooter is an ideal fit, from an environmental and noise reduction standpoint, for both us and our customers. We’re on a transformational journey and the StreetScooter electric milk float helps us make the British milkman relevant to 21st century customers. How many EVs do you operate and how are they used? We have around 400 electric milk floats in total – representing around a third of our fleet. They are used by our milkmen and women to deliver milk – and lots more besides – to customers in time for breakfast. 

Where are the EVs charged? The new electric milk floats are plugged in to dedicated charging points at the 25 delivery hubs across the country where they are in operation. How have the drivers taken to the electric vehicles? Our milkmen and women have really taken to the new StreetScooters. They are particularly appreciative of the fact that they offer the latest technology, not only in terms of performance but also when it comes to comfort. They also appreciate that the new vehicles are lefthand drive, which enables them to exit the milk float safely on the kerbside. How much are you saving in emissions and costs? The new StreetScooters have zero emissions and in the first month of operation we saw a 90 per cent reduction in operational fuel costs versus the outgoing diesel vehicles.

StreetScooter opens second manufacturing facility in Düren

Are there any other benefits to EVs other than emissions? Noise reduction is a key customer benefit of the new milk floats – and a very important one – given that many of the milkmen and women are delivering to customers’ homes before 7am. What are your future plans for greening the rest of the fleet? The £6.5 million investment in the new StreetScooter milk floats is part of our longterm strategy to rejuvenate the doorstep milk delivery service and secure the future of the British milkman and woman. Once we’ve had an opportunity to review the performance of the new electric milk floats we’ll make a decision on whether we’ll further expand our fleet. So watch this space for further announcements. L FURTHER INFORMATION


StreetScooter opens second manufacturing facility in Düren StreetScooter GmbH, a subsidiary of Deutsche Post DHL Group and producer of electric delivery vehicles, has opened its second manufacturing facility. With immediate effect, up to 10,000 electric vans per year will run off the production line at the automotive supplier’s new 78,000 m2 factory in Düren, corresponding to a daily production rate of 46 vehicles (in single shift operation). Together with its main factory in Aachen, StreetScooter now has production capacities of up to 20,000 electric vehicles per year. In the Düren factory, the Pure (chassis only), Pickup (flatbed vehicle) and Box (box truck with 4 or 8 m³ loading volume) variants of the StreetScooter WORK and WORK L models will be produced. The new site will employ some 250 people in the area. Achim Kampker, CEO of StreetScooter GmbH, adds: “Our two manufacturing facilities in North Rhine-Westphalia enable us to respond even more quickly to the high demand for our electric vehicles both from within DPDHL and by third party customers. But volume is only one side of the coin. What sets StreetScooter apart in particular is the ability to produce affordable, customized electric vehicles for our customers from a variety of industries and countries.” The WORK and WORK L StreetScooter models have been available to external customers since summer 2017. Industries that have a need for customized electric vans include – in addition to municipalities and craft workshops – energy suppliers, waste disposal companies, airports, facility management enterprises, and catering companies. StreetScooter will produce variants tailored to serve a variety of individual needs with such features as variable loading volumes that include power supply, refrigerated containers, and tilting load platforms. StreetScooters have been being deployed successively in Deutsche Post DHL’s delivery fleet since 2013. At present, the Group is already using around 6,000 of these electric vehicles, which have covered over 26 million kilometers and save around 20,000 tons of CO2 per year. With these vans and the 12,000 or so electric e-bikes and e-trikes, Deutsche Post DHL is operating the biggest electric fleet in Germany.



Emergency Services Show

Connected vehicles at the Emergency Services Show The Emergency Services Show is the UK’s leading annual showcase of the blue light sector, featuring over 450 exhibitors, live demonstrations, unique learning opportunities and unrivalled networking. The two-day event brings together all disciplines from the emergency services sector to discover innovative technology and unite in their collaborative approach to public safety

The Emergency Services Show returns to Hall 5 in the NEC, Birmingham on 19 and 20 September. Vehicle and vehicle equipment suppliers are prominent among more than 450 organisations exhibiting at the UK’s biggest emergency services event. The show is the perfect place to research the latest innovations, products and services for anyone responsible for specifying and procuring vehicles and fleet equipment for the emergency services and allied organisations. As mobile technology becomes ever more important to the emergency services, connected vehicles of all types are set to be a major feature of the show this year. The Connected Vehicles Zone will showcase a wide range of vehicles and the diverse technologies in use for mobile data, communications and control. Excelerate, Carnation Design and Premier Communications will again be showing the latest advanced communications equipment for vehicle installation. Exhibitors RAM Mount, Havis and Gamber Johnson offer the latest laptop and mobile device docking stations for vehicle use. Following the launch of its demountable MultiPod + system for pick-up vehicles with the Cobra high pressure lance-based firefighting system. Primetech is also due to launch a new vehicle this year. EVP, Emergency Vehicle Products, will show its new demonstration van featuring HAVIS docking station, Magnetic mic, LED message sign, seat heater and Command Light scene light tower. Visitors can try and test these products on the stand. The show also features providers of all


types of in and on-vehicle ancillary equipment including lightbars; vehicle livery; battery management; driver training and more. Code 3 and RSG will be highlighting their latest lightbar ranges for police, fire, ambulance and amber light services. Code 3 is expected to launch new products using the latest connected vehicle technologies such as low current lighting. Emergency and rescue vehicles of virtually every type, including fire appliances, ambulances, fleet cars, motorbikes, boats and UAVs or drones will be on display throughout the indoor and outdoor exhibition areas. Among vehicle leasing specialists will be DLL, a subsidiary of Rabobank. Innovative ambulances International Ambulances is set to unveil its advanced ACESO ambulance prototype. The ground-breaking ACESO features a wealth of vehicle and ambulance innovations to enable paramedics to deliver better patient outcomes. Designed around the paramedic, rather than conventional commercial vehicle architecture, its superior specification provides improved comfort, ergonomics, safety and hygiene. The design and technology offers a level of flexibility and future proofing for equipment and features. Its integrated communications and connectivity capability provides paramedics with the support they need for mobile diagnosis and treatment, enabling them to see, treat and refer patients where they are. All the right information is shared rapidly to support safe and effective decision making within urgent and emergency care, and the wider healthcare community.


Leading vehicle suppliers at the show include BMW, Jaguar Land Rover, Jemca Toyota, Volvo Emergency Services Cars and Volvo Trucks as well as a wide range of chassis manufacturers and specialist vehicle converters. BMW is expected to show a strong line up of electric and hybrid range extender vehicles for emergency service applications including the BMW i3 94Ah AC REx (Range Extender) and its C evolution electric motor bike. The i3 94Ah AC Rex is an electrically propelled vehicle with a 649cc petrol engine that generates electricity to charge the vehicle propulsion battery. The 94Ah model gives drivers the ability to travel up to 125 miles on a single charge and 206 miles with the range extender. The BMW C evolution electric motor bike has zero emissions, is highly accelerative and extremely quiet. The electric drive in the C evolution offers a spontaneous and very direct power transmission. There is no delay in the build-up of torque. With a peak output of 35 kW (48 bhp) and 72 Nm of torque at the crankshaft in theoretical terms, it produces a torque of almost 600 Nm at the rear wheel. The acceleration figure from 0 to 50 km/h is 2.8 seconds. The energy storage device in the BMW C evolution consists of three modules, each of which has twelve lithium-ion battery cells. Thanks to the battery modules of the latest generation with 94 Ah, the range of the C evolution is now up to 160 kilometres. Entirely waterproof, the battery casing is made of die-cast aluminium and houses the entire electronic control and charging system. It is both a supporting chassis part and a crash protector for the lithium-ion battery module. The battery in the BMW C evolution is charged using the integrated charging device – either at a regular power socket or at a charging station. The charging plug socket on the vehicle is compatible with the car plug type 1. The standard charger cable has the appropriate national plug to fit a standard mains sockets. Alternatively, it is possible to use a Mode 3 charger cable so as to be able to use public charging stations or wallboxes. This provides access to 16 A current for faster charging. The short charging times are especially practical for emergency service use, as is

Emergency Services Show

the new Silent Charge mode, which makes charging slightly longer but much quieter. Rosenbauer, Emergency One and Volvo Trucks are both expected to bring their latest fire appliances to the show. Angloco will demonstrate its ladder and other fire fighter vehicles in the outside area. Among the many ambulance suppliers exhibiting this year are AMZ Vehicles, BAUS and WAS UK. Alfa Dropbox will again showcase its ground-level loading ambulances. O&H Vehicle Conversions has announced it will launch a new vehicle at the Emergency Services Show. A&E Vehicles WAS is expected to highlight its latest VW Crafter and lightweight Fiat ambulance designs. The WAS VW Crafter based ambulance is available in many different versions of weight classes, motors, manual and automatic gear and chassis facilitate the adaptation of the base vehicle to customers’ requirements. The new integrated WAS Design warning light bar is available for the VW Crafter only, for the time being. The improved visibility from the front and from the side lays the foundation for the new WAS box body design. The light bar can be adapted to all box body widths and heights. Alternatively, the WAS Fiat lightweight modular box A&E vehicle offers a perfect solution to the restrictions of a panel van. The vehicle has 20 per cent more interior workspace than a panel van but the gross vehicle weight is 6.5 per cent lighter, which improves fuel economy and enables bariatric capability with a pay load of 850kg. WAS will also highlight its latest lithium battery technology which offers up to 100kg weight saving compared to the current GEL

and AGM solutions, offer demonstrable fuel and emissions savings. The lithium battery also lasts ten times longer than conventional lead acid set up and charges ten times quicker. Its compact plug & play design offers a space saving advantage and the batteries are fully configurable to meet the power needs of a frontline ambulance. The individual lithium tubes are easy to replace and fully recyclable. WAS has also recently announced its E-Concept designed to address the issue of whether electric power is a suitable alternative for larger response vehicles with weights of up to five tonnes. The pilot project is not yet intended to develop a prototype that is ready for use; but does aim to move ideas forward and set development in motion. For anyone questioning how ambulance design has advanced over the years, the National Emergency Services Museum based in Sheffield will be displaying a 100-year old WW1 Ford Model T ambulance. The museum is currently fund raining in order to acquire the vehicle for permanent display. Zenith Hygiene, Mangar Health, Chemex and Nielsen Chemicals are among companies offering cleaning and infection control services for ambulance fleets, which free up valuable paramedic time and skills to enable them to concentrate on core medical emergency tasks. New exhibitor Horton Motorcycles offers the latest range of two-wheel and quad bikes. Honda UK returns to the outside area to showcase its comprehensive range of vehicles and equipment for emergency service use. Adapted Vehicle Hire will showcase its range of wheelchair accessible vehicles, as well as adapted cars of all sizes with left foot accelerator and hand control options. Allied Fleet will be promoting its adapted and

special purpose vehicles for social transport and non-emergency ambulance use. Returning for 2018 after their successful introduction at last year’s show, the Extrication and First Aid & Trauma Challenges will provide an arena for some of the UK’s best rescue personnel to come together and develop their proficiency levels in all areas of road traffic collision rescue. Best safe working practices will be promoted in the areas of incident command and control, safety and scene assessment, extrication, professional pre-hospital care and expert use of rescue equipment. Hosted by West Midlands Fire Service (WMFS) and judged by UKRO, the Extrication Challenge will take place live on the exhibition floor enabling visitors to get up close to the action. Competing teams from UK fire and rescue services will carry out extrications from simulated crash scenes. In the First Aid & Trauma Challenge, competing teams will experience visual and audio from an incident that has been set up and filmed specifically for the scenario, which takes place in an Educational Immersive Tent. The NEC is linked to Birmingham International Station and Birmingham Airport and is directly accessible from the UK motorway network. FURTHER INFORMATION To register for free entry visit











Rockingham, Northamptonshire

The fleet sustainability event that allows you to test drive the very latest ultra-low emission cars and vans Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV Toyota Prius Plug-in

BMW i8

Follow us on Twitter and LinkedIn for regular updates:

@GreenFleetNews GreenFleet UK The latest video content on environmental fleet management from the UK and around the world: Interested in exhibiting? Call Colin Boyton on 020 8532 5704 or email


Eastbourne Electrical LLP

Carbon Zero Renewables Tel: 01323 724248 Email:

Eastbourne Electrical is your specialist charge point installer for the southeast. We work closely with you to ensure we install the most suitable charge points for your needs. We are OLEV approved and provide ROLEC, EO, Schneider and Tesla charge points.


Carbon Zero are you Expert Installation Partners. We have installed nearly 500 electric car charging stations since 2012. We install a variety of charging stations to suit the client and their needs. We are OLEV Approved and can access grants. We also specialise in Solar PV and Approved by Tesla.



Product Finder


BMM Energy Solutions Ltd Website: Bmm Energy Solutions are a market leading supplier and installer of electric vehicle charging equipment. Being technology agnostic, we can offer the widest range of electric vehicle charging equipment available in the market place.  We specialise in fully managed installations including back office systems & maintenance for both private and public-sectors.


SJK Electrical Stratford Energy Solutions 01789 262411 Whether you are looking to install a domestic charging point or multiple workplace charging units we provide a full design & installation service for all electric vehicle charging needs. Working with leading manufacturers we are OLEV‑accredited so relevant grants can be claimed.


McNally Electrical Yorkshire Phone: 01535 444101 Website: Email: At McNally EV, our professionalism and quality have led to us becoming the nationwide installation partner for Rolec, one of the largest distributors of outdoor electrical charging equipment in the world. No matter how big or small a job, McNally’s are here for you every step of the way. From installation, to maintaining your unit. Tel: 01924 377641 Mobile: 07734 101674 SJK Electrical are commercial and domestic NICEIC registered electricians, specializing in electric vehicle charging installations, based in Wakefield. All installation needs addressed with the growing adoption of electric vehicles. We are OLEV approved for installations under the EVHS (domestic) and WCS (workplace) schemes, and available to assist in obtaining grants under this scheme.


EV Driver Ltd Website: With electric vehicle infrastructure becoming increasingly important, the time to install is now. We supply, design and install domestic, workplace and commercial charge points. In addition we run a network that operates the chargers so you deal with one company. For more information give us a call on 01394 799799.

Saliis Telephone: 028 90 455136 Email: SALIIS Ltd is one of the leading suppliers and installers, approved by OLEV, of Electric Vehicle (EV) charging units on commercial and private properties across Northern Ireland. Specialising in the renewables industry, SALIIS also installs and maintains large public and private sector contracts in Solar PV across the United Kingdom.


Mr Electric Tel: 0800 7311 606 Email: Website: Mr. Electric is the UK’s leading electrical franchise brand. Approved OLEV installer, trusted electrical experts. A proven track record of being reliable with over 17 years of experience in electrical installation and maintenance. National coverage allows us to take care of EV Charge Point installation and maintenance across the UK.



Product Finder




Orbis Engineering Services Ltd

Coventry Electrical

Ray Butler Tel: 01785 248201 Email:

Tel: 02476 650 000 Web: Email:

Tel: 01529 302 665 Web: Email:

Orbis Engineering Services, leading specialist EV Charging Installers accredited by OLEV Grant. We are approved EV charge point installer with a vast range of EV charging points for destination and work place. Our professional services include maintenance, back office integration, reporting and payments. Please contact our friendly team to discuss.

Our mission statement signifies what everybody wants from an EV, to be Economical and reliable. Now expanding our services nationwide, we are OLEV accredited for both EVHS and WCS schemes. We offer professional, profitable EV solutions. Our specialist EV team is here to help you with all your requirements.

Butlers is a family-run electrical firm and one of the few OLEV-approved commercial and domestic installers of electrical vehicle (EV) charge points in Lincolnshire. Working with ROLEC EV, which manufacture Europe’s largest range of EV equipment, Butlers can manage the entire process from applying for funding through to design and installation.




SRG Electrical

Pencol Electrical Ltd

Jupiter Engineering

Phone: 0845 644 8209 Website:

Tel: 023 92 484333 Website: Email:

Tel: 01245 424882 Website: Email:

Offering our services throughout Hampshire, Pencol Electrical Ltd, install EV charge points for Domestic and Commercial clients. Fully OLEV approved for grant applications, we are registered installers of Rolec and CityEV. We also offer a free no obligation site survey and quote. See our website for further details.

Jupiter Engineering are NICEIC registered electricians; we are OLEV accredited to install a variety of EV charging units, providing a bespoke service to our clients for both Homecharge and Workplace installations. Approved to install Rolec, Pod Point, Chargemaster, myenergi & Andersen charging units covering the South East and London.

SRG Electrical Ltd, are an independent EV design, installation, maintenance and civils capable contractor. We are OLEV approved for domestic and workplace charging and remain one of the leading installers in the country. With nationwide coverage, from home charging to rapid chargers our portfolio is one not to be overlooked.




Qerb Electric Vehicle Charging 01752 546160 21 Sisna Park, Sisna Park Road, Estover, Plymouth, PL6 7AE QERB Charge, Electric Vehicle Charging, Electric Vehicle Chargers for Home, Workplace, SME, Garages, Car Parks, Large Commercial and Public Sector, Fleet Electric Vehicle Charging, Electric Vehicle Charging Facilities, OLEV Electric Vehicle Charging, UK Wide Installations, Smart Electric Vehicle Charging.


Plug It In Group Ltd

K C Business Services Ltd Tel: 01535 601466 Email: Tel: 01202 244586

Plug it in Group Ltd are an Electrical contracting company specialising in the installation of Rolec EV charging points, we offer a full package from design through to completion for all of your EV needs. We are OLEV approved and pride ourselves on first class customer service.


Official UK agent for EHC Teknik Products. Europe’s leading temporary exhaust filter manufacturer. Exhaust fumes are always a problem within the workplace. By fitting a filter to the tailpipe. The filter collects the particulate matter and reduces the gases and smells. EHC Teknik manufacture a range of filters to suit most types of machine.



Product Finder


Alpha Heating Chesterfield Ltd APi Electrical Email: Tel: 01942 870 397 FREE Charge Your Car subscription offer – for 2018 customers! APi Electrical, the North West’s Leading independent specialist offer the largest choice of OLEV-Approved Chargepoint brands in the UK, from low-cost to hi-tech ‘Smart-Charging’ with back-office management, load-balancing and ultimate reliability. EV RECHARGING

Units 1-4 Vanguard Industrial Estate Britannia Road, Chesterfield, S40 2TZ Tel: 01246 558723 Email: Website: Alpha Heating Chesterfield Ltd is a family run business that has been trading for over 20 years carrying out works for local authorities, nursing homes, schools, commercial and private customers. We have recently added a new division to our portfolio and become an electric vehicle home charge scheme and workplace scheme authorised installer.


Barlow (Hull) Ltd 01482 342064 Email: Website: Barlow Electrical are Electrical contractors specializing in electric vehicle charging installations, based in Hull. Allow us to take you on a journey from initial visit to completed installation. We are OLEV approved for installations under the EVHS (domestic) and WCS (workplace) schemes, and provide a full design & installation service. EV RECHARGING

Sintec UK Ltd Aylesford Electrical 01622 763 972 Installers of market leading Smart EV Chargers from NewMotion. Includes fully supported back office App for Pay-to-Charge or free charging. Free Nationwide survey for any car park or staff home charging requirements. We are broad spectrum Electrical Services contractors for all commercial needs.


JPS Renewable Energy Ltd JPS Renewable Energy’s OLEV approved EV Installation Team provide impartial customer focused EV charging solutions to domestic, commercial and public-sector clients. We offer a hand in hand approach to our clients, from technical advice through to product selection, design and installation of the chosen solution. We are based in Kent, providing EV solutions across the South of England.

Phone: +44 (0) 20 7139 7777 Email: Website: “Sintec UK is a leading electrical installer of automotive systems, an approved installer of OLEV chargepoints under the Electric Vehicle Homecharge and Workplace Charging Schemes. We are NICEIC Approved contractor, a registered member of ECA and a proud member of the British Safety Council. We operate nationwide aiming to provide a state of the art service to all customers.” EV RECHARGING

Doyle Electrical Services Tel: 01473 622 674 Doyle Electrical Services Ltd, are OLEV grant approved EV charge point installers for Rolec, MyEnergi, and EO. We are also approved installers for Tesla. We cover East Anglia, Norfolk, and Essex. NIC EIC Approved Contractors.


Manchester Electrical

West & West Ltd Tel: 01869 241024

We are an approved OLEV installer in the domestic properties and workplace claiming any grants for our customers. We initially installed over 200 car chargers around Greater Manchester for TfGM in 2013/14. These were street installs but we also work in hospitals, universities and tram station car parks.

West & West Ltd are OLEV, Rolec, Smart EV, EO and EV Box‑approved installers of workplace EV charge points. As exporters in all types of commercial electrical installations, we can give you technical advice, sales information and ongoing service support. We install charge points to meet any budget, timescale and specification throughout London and the Home Counties.



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- Smart Power Solutions Take your vehicle fleet into the digitally-connected, smart space of lithium ion-technology.  Fast-charging, low-weight, long lifetime and more power!  The new BMW 225xe Premium Active Tourer is equipped to adapt to whatever challenge comes your way. With trim options including Sport Premium and M Sport Premium, it offers extraordinary practicality without compromising on style. With standard LED headlights, the BMW 225xe Premium Active Tourer offers superior vision. And with its striking lines and impressive kidney grille, it’s a car that’s quick to make a

great impression. Sporty, dynamic, and sophisticated, it has the attitude of a classic BMW with an electric twist. Then there’s the premium interior complete withhave panoramic sunroof. Time's Changed... Offering both ample room and superior comfort, it creates a relaxing drive for those commuter miles. There’s also plenty of space for luggage thanks to folding rear and passenger backrests, while heated seats and front and rear Park Distance Control are standard.


When it comes to handling tricky and unexpected situations, this car thrives. Coming with BMW xDrive as standard, the intelligent all-wheel drive system automatically adapts to changes in driving conditions by rebalancing power between the wheels, achieving maximum traction on any road surface. This is a car built for tough terrains. FROM:



CO2 emissions†

16% 113


MPG (combined)†


Figures are obtained in a standardised test cycle. During the test plug-in hybrid vehicles used a combination of battery power and petrol fuel after the battery had been fully charged. All figures are intended for comparisons between vehicles and may not be representative of what a user achieves under usual driving conditions. Plug-in hybrid vehicles require mains electricity for charging. Metallic paint optional on 225xe Premium Sport and M Sport models.



With the widest range of 17 hybrids you can minimise all your drivers’ emissions without worrying about EV charge points. For a test drive or more information visit or call 0344 701 6186.

Greenfleet 115  

The Only Fleet Publication Dedicated to Promoting a Cleaner Environment

Greenfleet 115  

The Only Fleet Publication Dedicated to Promoting a Cleaner Environment