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2016 CV SHOW




FALSE ECONOMIES The latest updates on the emissions testing and fuel economy issues affecting the industry ELECTRIC VEHICLES

THE QUIET REVOLUTION Is the dramatic increase in EV sales the start of a continuing trend?







THE NEW ALFA GIULIETTA TECNICA. GEARED TOWARDS BUSINESS. Introducing the New Alfa Giulietta Tecnica, with an extended engine range, new exterior sports styling and refined interior touches. The long list of standard features include dual zone climate control, front and rear parking sensors and the new Uconnect LIVE service that keeps you connected to your world with real time traffic reports, music, news and the latest social network feeds. TM

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Model shown is the Alfa Giulietta 1.6 JTDM-2 120 hp Alfa TCT Tecnica at £20,650 OTR* including Alfa White Paint. Range of official fuel consumption figures for the Giulietta Tecnica range: Urban 55.4 – 60.1 mpg (5.1 – 4.7 I/100km); Extra Urban 74.3 – 88.3 mpg (3.8 – 3.2 I/100km); Combined 65.7 – 74.3 mpg (4.3 – 3.8 I/100km). CO2 emissions 113 – 99 g/km. Fuel consumption and CO2 figures are obtained for comparative purposes in accordance with EC directives/regulations and may not be representative of real-life driving conditions. Factors such as driving style, weather and road conditions may also have a significant effect on fuel consumption.



2016 CV SHOW




FALSE ECONOMIES The latest updates on the emissions testing and fuel economy issues affecting the industry ELECTRIC VEHICLES

THE QUIET REVOLUTION Is the dramatic increase in EV sales the start of a continuing trend?


False economies More industry revelations this month, with more major motor manufacturers embroiled in ‘cheating’ issues. Of course, it was obvious that ‘Dieselgate’ had far-reaching implications and it appears the story is far from over.



This time it’s fuel consumption irregularities which are the focus. Mitsubishi has admitted to falsifying the data of a small number of its Japanese market-only cars. UK or European models are not affected, but its another blow to the industry which was just starting to recover from the VW crisis last autumn. We have a round up of the latest developments starting on page 24.

Visit v fleet.t green ative video rm for info tent on t con tal flee nmen enviro agement man

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GreenFleet West returns to Bristol on 20 May. Read the preview on page 14

It’s not all doom and gloom, though. Two incentives to encourage the uptake of hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) were announced just before we went to press. The first is a £2 million scheme to allow local authorities, health trusts, police forces, fire brigades as well as private companies to bid for funding to add hydrogen-fuelled vehicles to their fleets. It is hoped that the OLEV-backed Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Fleet Support Scheme will see an uplift of 100 FCEVs on UK roads by Spring 2017. The new fund will cover up to 75 per cent of the cost of FCEV zero-emission vehicles bought by April next year as well as the charges of running them for three years. More details are on page 17. The second ‘incentive’ is the opening of a new hydrogen refuelling station at the National Physical Laboratory in Teddington, which is the first of three UK sites which form part of the pan-European HyFive project. By happy coincidence, we’ve also been behind the wheel of Toyota’s FCEV, the Mirai. Read more starting on page 34. Enjoy the issue. Richard Gooding, acting editor

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226 High Rd, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 Fax: 020 8532 0066 Web: ACTING EDITOR Richard Gooding EDITOR Angela Pisanu ASSISTANT EDITOR Michael Lyons EDITORIAL ASSISTANTS Tommy Newell, Rachel Brooks PRODUCTION CONTROL Sofie Owen PRODUCTION DESIGN Jacqueline Lawford, Jo Golding WEB PRODUCTION Victoria Leftwich PUBLISHER George Petrou ACCOUNT MANAGER Kylie Glover ADMINISTRATION Vickie Hopkins REPRODUCTION & PRINT Argent Media

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To book a test drive call our Business Centre free on 0808 168 5440 or email us at

OFFICIAL FUEL CONSUMPTION FIGURES FOR JEEP RENEGADE RANGE MPG (L/100KM): EXTRA URBAN 47.9 (5.9) – 70.6 (4.0), URBAN 32.5 (8.7) – 55.4 (5.1), COMBINED 40.9 (6.9) – 64.2 (4.4), CO 2 EMISSIONS: 160 – 115 G/KM. Fuel consumption and CO2 figures are obtained for comparative purposes in accordance with EC directives/regulations and may not be representative of real-life driving conditions. Factors such as driving style, weather and road conditions may also have a significant effect on fuel consumption. Model shown is a Jeep Renegade Limited. Jeep ® is a registered trademark of FCA US LLC.


Contents GreenFleet 94 09

09 News

EV plans for PSA; 100,000 sales for Outlander PHEV; Go Ultra Low Cities status; and £2 million hydrogen funding

14 GreenFleet West

With £7 million to help fund continued development and uptake of ULEVs across the region, GreenFleet West is sure to raise Bristol’s profile on the EV map

17 Electric vehicles


With the green approach to driving gaining momentum, Richard Bruce of the Office for Low Emission Vehicles asks, is it the start of a continuing trend?

22 Contract hire & leasing

The end of contract process is a vital part of winning the customer retention battle, as Gerry Keaney from the British Vehicle Rental and Leasing Association explains

24 Emissions crisis

GreenFleet provides an update on the diesel emissions crisis, with more manufacturers being investigated

27 Commercial vehicles: 2016 CV Show The 2016 Commercial Vehicle Show reaffirmed its position as the premier exhibition for the commercial vehicle industry


34 Alternative fuels

With infrastructure growing and a recent funding boost, Richard Gooding drives the zero-emission hydrogen fuel cell Toyota Mirai

36 Automechanika

Destined to become the UK’s largest and most successful automotive trade show, Automechanika comes to the UK for the very first time on 7-9 June. GreenFleet analyses whats in store

39 Recycled vehicle parts

A report by Policy Exchange and Kings College London included diesel scrappage schemes in its ten point plan. GreenFleet examines its campaign and the latest initiative from Jaguar

40 Road test: Vauxhall Viva 1.0 SE ecoFLEX

Vauxhall’s revived Viva model is a responsive and practical option for urban driving, says GreenFleet’s Tommy Newell who recently examined the benefits of the ecoFLEX option

42 Road test: Volkswagen Polo BlueMotion TSI In keeping with current market trends, GreenFleet discovers that the new economically-minded version of Volkwagen’s small vehicle enjoys improved refinement but keeps its frugal nature

44 PHEV diary: month four

The Outlander PHEV’s eco-conscience shouldn’t just be restricted to the city. With the spring weather shining sun on the countryside, Richard Gooding finds out that driving off the beaten track is another enjoyable environment for the popular plug-in hybrid SUV




GreenFleet magazine Volume 94 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE





Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV reaches 100,000 global sales

New EV model plans in the pipeline for PSA The PSA Group – Peugeot, Citroen and DS Automobiles – has confirmed that it will build affordable pure-electric models from 2019. Working in partnership with Chinese manufacturer DongFeng, PSA will develop a new electric version of its Common Modular Platform, which will provide a platform for all-electric and high performance B and C segment vehicles. At the announcement, Carlos Taveres,

chairman of PSA Group’s managing board, said: “The future e-CMP platform is a key milestone in our partnership with Dongfeng. It will speed up the worldwide development of both of our groups, while helping us to reach the strict carbon objective set for 2020.” READ MORE


EV charge points outnumber petrol stations in Japan

A survey by Nissan, and reported on by The Guardian, has shown that Japan now has more electric car charging points than petrol stations. The Japanese automaker, manufacturer of the battery powered Leaf, has said that there are now over 40,000 charging points across the nation, compared with fewer than 35,000 petrol stations. Japanese government subsidies for people buying electric, hybrid and other low emission cars has spawned a network of public and private power points, making infrastructure in the Asian country far more developed than countries like the UK and US.

The Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV has become the fourth plug-in vehicle to sell more than 100,000 units worldwide. It owes much of its success to the European market, where 66,000 vehicles have been sold, 21,000 of which can be found on UK roads, where it is the number one selling plug-in vehicle. Hitting the 100,000 unit milestone puts the Outlander in the same company as the Nissan Leaf, which has now reached 218,000 sales worldwide, the Tesla Model S, which has sold 120,000, and the Chevrolet Bolt at 110,000. Mitsubishi looks poised to see a continued increase in international sales, as the Outlander PHEV is expected to go on sale in the United States this Autumn. READ MORE


Fiat and Google collaborate on self-driving cars Fiat Chrysler has announced a deal with Google to double the size of the tech firm’s self-driving vehicle fleet. The deal, which will see Fiat hand over 100 Chrysler Pacifica vans, has been dubbed the most advanced partnership between Silicon Valley and a motor manufacturer. John Krafcik, head of self-driving cars at Google, said: “The opportunity to work closely with [Fiat] engineers will accelerate our efforts to develop a fully self-driving car that will make our roads safer.” The deal is expected to propel Fiat to the head of the self-driving vehicle market and position it as a major manufacture for Google. Google maintains that driverless cars could be ready to go on sale by 2020.

Critics of the survey have suggested that a large number of those charge points are privately owned and therefore, in some cases, used by a single owner. However, industry experts are suggesting that single-user charging stations will soon become a thing of the past with the emergence of technologies that allow private owners to share charging infrastructures with other drivers. READ MORE





£2 million competition to promote hydrogen-fuelled fleet vehicles Plans to make nearly every vehicle in the country zero-emission by 2050 have been encouraged with the launch of a £2 million government fund to encourage more businesses to switch to hydrogen-fuelled vehicles. The Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) Fleet Support Scheme, launched by the government’s Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV), will allow local authorities, health trusts, police forces, fire brigades and private companies to bid for funding to add hydrogen-powered vehicles to their fleets. If successful, the £2 million fund could bring up to 100 more hydrogen fuel cell cars and vans onto British roads by next spring – triple the number of vehicles currently in use. The money will cover up to 75 per cent of the costs of new vehicles bought by April 2017, as well as the cost of running them for up to three years. The new fund follows the government committing £5 million in 2014 through

the Hydrogen for Transport Advancement Programme for 12 hydrogen refuelling stations. Transport Minister Andrew Jones, who opened the new station at the National Physical Laboratory in Teddington, said: “We are always looking at new ways to make the vehicles of the future cleaner, and hydrogen fuel cells are an important part of our vision for almost all cars and vans to be zero-emission by 2050. “This funding, along with the growing network of hydrogen refuelling stations opening in England, will help businesses and the public sector to get on board with this exciting technology. This is further proof that we are leading the way in making journeys cleaner and protecting the environment.” Bids for the FCEV Fleet Support Scheme must be submitted by Monday 4 July 2016. Successful bidders will be informed later this year. READ MORE


Riversimple unveils new model plans Hydrogen car company Riversimple has unveiled two new concept vehicles at the London Motor Show. Based upon the manufacturer’s hydrogen powered fuel cell electric vehicle, the Rasa, founder Hugo Spowers claimed that the concept would kick-start community-centric hydrogen infrastructure in the UK. Styled by renowned auto designer Chris Reitz, who also designed the Fiat 500, the Welsh company is hoping to change the landscape of affordable, cutting-edge technology for everyday road users. The Rasa car was launched earlier this spring, and started crowdfunding in April to match a €2 million EU grant. It plans a 20-car beta test in 2016/17 with commercially available cars in 2018. The latest concept vehicles


will be developed at a later stage, following initial roll out. The outlook is looking positive for Riversimple’s plans, with the UK government predicting that 1.3 million hydrogen cars will be on the road by 2030 and McKinsey Global Institute estimating that the clean tech product market will reach £1 trillion by 2020. Spowers said: “Over a 20-year period, this approach would create thousands of new jobs and forge new revenue streams. Our circular business model aligns profitability with sustainability and has the potential to change the market dynamics in this resource-intensive industry.” READ MORE


Andrew Jones MP, Transport Minister at the Department of Transport opened the new National Physical Laboratory hydrogen refuelling station


Teddington welcomes new hydrogen refuelling station ITM Power has opened a new public access hydrogen refuelling station in London at the National Physical Laboratory in Teddington. The station is the first of three UK stations to be deployed as part of the pan European HyFive project, which is being funded by the European Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCHJU) and the UK Government Office of Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV). The hydrogen refuelling station is situated close to the A316 and A308 trunk roads and is available for commercial and private fleets operating fuel cell electric vehicles. A further four electrolyser-based refuelling stations are expected to be opened both in and around London before the end of the year. Commenting on the new station, Paul Van der Burgh, Toyota (GB) PLC president and managing director, said: “The opening of ITM Power’s new filling station is an excellent example of how a coordinated hydrogen fuel infrastructure is successfully being developed in the UK. We are pleased to continue our support for the wider provision of hydrogen fuel outlets, which will encourage increased customer uptake of zero-emission hydrogen

fuel cell vehicles such as the Toyota Mirai saloon.” Tony Whitehorn, Hyundai Motor UK’s president and CEO, added: “Hyundai UK is very pleased to see the launch of ITM Power’s refuelling station at Teddington, under HyFive, and is looking forward to a further four stations planned to be deployed in London by ITM this year. “It’s very encouraging to see the infrastructure growing, making it even more feasible for businesses and consumers to own and run zero-emission fuel cell vehicles. This is very timely, supporting the growing interest and sales of the iX35 Fuel Cell car, and Hyundai Motor Group’s plan to bring to market two new fuel cell vehicles by 2020.” Dr Graham Cooley, CEO, ITM Power, commented: “We are extremely pleased to have launched the first of the company’s HyFive hydrogen refuelling stations in London providing clean fuel for a range of fuel cell electric vehicle types that are now available from the auto OEMs. ITM Power are grateful for the co-operation of our HyFive partners and for the funding support of FCH JU and OLEV.” READ MORE



EV date set for London Taxi Company In order to keep in line with Transport for London (TfL) legislation, the London Taxi Company (LTC) has announced that it will launch its first electrically powered black cab in late 2017. With a range-extended electric set-up much like the Vauxhall Ampera and BMW i3 Range Extender, the vehicle will be ‘zero-emission capable’, as TfL legislation, that comes into play in January 2018, requires. Production is due to begin once work has finished on LTC’s new purpose-built plant in Coventry later this year, with details being withheld at the moment until testing concludes. However, LTC CEO Peter Johansen has leaked a few hints at what drivers of the vehicle can expect – saying it would only need one fill-up per day for the range-extending petrol generator. He also clarified the necessity for a range-extender rather than a traditional battery EV, citing recharging times and the lack

LowCVP’s Andy Eastlake

of a fast-charge infrastructure as contributory factors for the traditional battery EV’s incompatibility with taxi use. Johansen also commented that current investment in infrastructure is insufficient to handle demand, and that the limited resources mean the plan to introduce 150 fast-chargers to London has been scaled back to just 75. READ MORE


Fuel prices up for second consecutive month New data published by RAC Fuel Watch has revealed that motorists have faced a second month of price rises at the pump in a row. The motoring organisation says the increase has been spurred by a 25 per cent rise in the cost of oil, which has hit its highest barrel price since last November. The wholesale cost of petrol rose 2.5 pence per litre whereas diesel increased by 4.6 pence a litre, but the RAC has said that, despite the rises, drivers are still being charged less than they were 12 months ago, and predicted that prices should stabilise, or even fall. Simon Williams, the RAC’s fuel spokesman, says: “The physical or spot price of Brent crude oil saw its largest one-month gain

in price in the past 12 months. While this has had an adverse impact on the price motorists are paying for petrol and diesel on the forecourt, the world is still producing too much oil which means prices should not rise much further, and may stabilise or even start to fall again. “It’s worth remembering that while prices have gone up in both March and April motorists are still paying 7p per litre less for petrol and 11p per litre less for diesel than they were at this time a year ago which means a tank of unleaded is more than £3 cheaper and diesel is £6 less expensive.” READ MORE

The benefits of green commercial fleets Most readers, I think, will be familiar with the commercial or economic benefits of running a green fleet – lower fuel costs, improved efficiency and reduced maintenance costs etc – but what about the benefits of running green commercial fleets? The SMMT recently reported that there are now over four million vans on UK roads and their sales are at the highest level ever seen. By a significant margin, these commercial vehicles are the fastest growing road transport sector in every respect including carbon impact. Alongside this, the debates around air quality – which has focused on the use of diesel (dominant of course in commercial fleets) – Clean Air Zones, congestion, and migration from small trucks to vans, are putting immense pressure on van fleet operators. Suppliers are responding to these challenges with Euro 6 versions being launched every week and an increasing array of alternative technologies from hydrogen duel fuel options to gas power, range extenders, fuel cells and, of course, an ever growing selection of promising electric options. It seems that there is now a ‘perfect storm’ brewing, which heralds a revolution in the market for ‘green’ vans. The LowCVP is actively working to support this green transformation. We’ve been working for a while on the development of real-world test cycles which will enable us to evaluate properly all the options and these will be launched in the next few weeks. We’re also working with OLEV and government funding bodies on the research needs for technology and potential incentive packages for operators. Against this background we’re delighted to be supporting the inaugural GreenFleet commercial event in Birmingham on 1 July (the day after our own Annual Conference at the Olympic Park, London). There will be much more to say between now and the event and we’ll be updating our Low Emission Van Guide, and bringing the latest perspective on the commercial vehicle policy discussion. I really sense that the benefits of greening commercial fleets are becoming more and more apparent and that a revolution in the carbon and air quality performance of commercial vehicles is nearly upon us. So maybe now is the right time to be ‘greening our commercial fleets’ and ‘commercialising our green fleets’. FURTHER INFORMATION Twitter: @theLowCVP @aeastlake



Commercial Vehicle News



Longer lorries pose FTA calls on Khan to work closely with freight industry ‘significant road safety threat’ The Freight Transport Association (FTA) has called on the new Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, to deliver some ‘quick wins’ for the capital by working closely with the freight and logistics industry. The FTA is urging Khan to seek a review of the London Lorry Control Scheme which restricts the industry’s ability to deliver at night, claiming that moving as many lorries as possible out of peak hours will help with emissions, safety and costs. The association also believes that the new Mayor should consider congestion charge discounts to the latest generation of cleaner lorries and vans, as well as increased support for the enforcement of HGV regulations in London to get

rouge operators off the road. Christopher Snelling, FTA’s Head of National and Regional Policy, said: “Mr Khan must remember how crucial logistics is to London. The capital requires 360,000 tonnes of goods delivered every day by lorry just to keep functioning. And Mr Khan’s ambition to build 80,000 new homes a year will need more than two million HGV trips to make it happen.” The FTA has said that it will be seeking a meeting with Khan and his advisors to discuss the roll of the logistics industry in ‘delivering a better London’. READ MORE


MPs call for more ‘clean air zones’ The Commons environment committee has called for more ‘clean air zones’, targeting polluting vehicle drivers, to be established across cities in England. The Committee believes more cities should be given the powers which have been granted to London, Leeds, Birmingham, Nottingham, Derby and Southampton. The extra authority allows cities to charge a fee for high-polluting vehicles to discourage such cars from operating in the city centre. Last year the Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) outlined plans to introduce five clean air zones by 2020, after the Supreme Court ordered that it must comply with European Union law limits on nitrogen dioxide in the air. The clean air zones will only affect older, mainly diesel, buses, lorries, coaches and taxis, but will not apply to private cars. The six cities which have currently been granted extra powers were found to have the highest levels of nitrogen dioxide. The government maintained the ‘clean air zones’ would reduce pollution in the city centres and encourage


the replacement of older vehicles with high emissions. Neil Parish, the committee chairman, said: “Only five cities will have new powers to charge polluting vehicles to enter new clean air zones. Councils in the dozens of other English cities currently exceeding EU pollution limits must also be given the option of using such powers if their communities support action. For example, cities may find it more effective to limit vehicle access at certain times of day or to target specific bus routes rather than adopt blanket access proposals.” A Defra spokesman commented: “Cities already have powers to introduce Clean Air Zones, and our plans will require five cities to implement these zones. Later this year we will also consult on a clean air zone framework that will give local authorities the flexibility to make decisions about their own areas while ensuring a co-ordinated approach across the UK.” READ MORE


New longer lorries pose a ‘significant road safety threat’ and should be restricted, the Campaign for Better Transport has warned. The Campaign for Better Transport teamed up with the Local Government Technical Advisers Group (TAG) to collect data during a demonstration of a new 18.55m lorry by the Department for Transport. According to the two organisations, this analysis found that these longer lorries would have almost double the tail swing of a normal lorry when completing a standard left hand turn at an urban junction. They are warning that this increased tail swing poses a significant threat to other motorists, cyclists and pedestrians. As a result of this, both organisations are calling for longer HGVs to be restricted to local authority designated routes within urban areas to reduce risks to other road users, as well as protect pavements and property from expensive damage. Philippa Edmunds, Campaign for Better Transport, said: “Government officials are ignoring the real dangers of these longer trucks manoeuvring on urban roads. These longer trucks will become the new standard trucks operating on all roads, regardless of the dangers to other road users. We want to

see the government limit their use to designated local authority routes that have been rigorously assessed by appropriate modelling software to ensure that no part of the lorry would pass outside its traffic lane when turning. Importantly this analysis should be funded by the haulage operators who benefit from longer trucks, not the local authorities who are forced to accommodate them.” Martin Sachs, honorary secretary of the National Transport Committee of TAG, said: ”There is already a significant problem with lorries causing damage to pavements, street furniture and parked cars, not to mention the danger to other road users and pedestrians. “Our analysis shows that these new longer lorries have increased driver blind spots and almost double the rear tail swing of a normal full length articulated lorry, which makes negotiating tight turns even more difficult. Towns and cities are no place for these mega trucks, many junctions simply can’t accommodate these vehicles forcing them to mount kerbs, traffic islands or enter adjacent lanes when turning putting other road users in danger.” READ MORE


Largest ever number of vans on British roads New figures from the SMMT show the number of vans on Britain’s roads has hit an all time high of 4 million. According to Motorparc data from the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT), a total of 4,007,331 vans are in use on UK roads, a 4.3 per cent increase since the previous year. Demand for new vans in the UK is now at record levels: registrations grew 1.2 per cent in the first quarter of 2016, following a bumper 2015 which saw more than 370,000 units registered. Sustained business confidence and the continuing surge in demand for online deliveries have been key to stimulating this growth, and vans now cover around 45 billion miles across the UK each year. What’s more, a record number of new vehicle models are being launched at this year’s Commercial Vehicle (CV) Show at Birmingham’s NEC – including several global debuts. More than 460 exhibitors are set to display the latest products and technologies available across

the entire sector, from van and truck manufacturers to supply and aftermarket companies and service providers. The new figures – and the number of new products on display at the Show – underline the importance of the commercial vehicle sector which contributes £11 billion annually to the UK economy. CVs cover 61 billion miles each year in the UK, with vans account 45 billion of these – an all-time high. Almost 3,000 tonnes of goods are moved by road every minute – three times more than by water and rail combined. All vans registered from September this year meet strict Euro-6 emissions regulations. These vehicles feature advanced filters which capture 99 per cent of soot particulates, as well as exhaust after treatments to dramatically cut emissions of nitrogen oxides. READ MORE


FTA launches Truck Excellence scheme The voluntary scheme, launched at the CV Show, is designed to raise standards and recognise excellence in the operation of large goods vehicles. The Truck Excellence scheme joins the well-established Van Excellence programme under the Freight Transport Association’s Fleet Excellence banner. Developed and governed by The Freight Transport Association members, Truck Excellence is the only national scheme that accredits operators against the operator licence undertakings. Each standard maps entirely to obligations under the operator licensing regime and associated core legislation, which is what both regulators and industry agree is the desired standard for excellence. Core areas covered by the scheme include operator licensing, transport management, operating centres and vehicles, maintenance systems, drivers’

hours, working time and records and good repute. In addition to the integrity of the standards, the auditing approach is designed to ensure approved operators have demonstrated they have systems in place to continue to be compliant beyond just the day of the audit. The audit uses the ‘Plan, Do, Check, Act’ approach recommended by the HSE and Institute of Directors in the publication ‘Leading Health and Safety at Work’, looking at the role of the licence holder as well as the transport manager. Because of this, an accredited operator is in a position to demonstrate the steps they have taken to manage their obligations under their operator’s licence, should one of their vehicles be involved in an incident. READ MORE

Commercial Vehicle News


Winners (l-r): LCRS Awards host John Sergeant, David Wells FTA CEO, Jonathan Rose, Robert Jervis, director of Multimodal

Bibby Distribution wins LCRS Leadership in Carbon Reduction Award Bibby Distribution was presented with the LCRS Leadership in Carbon Reduction Award sponsored by Bridgestone at FTA’s Multimodal Awards last month. The award is designed to recognise best practice within the Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme managed by FTA. Bibby Distribution is leading the way when it comes to freight carbon reduction across its customer contracts. Working with tank builders, Sayers Road Tankers and Crossland Tankers, the company has created an innovative and flexible milk collection vehicle which minimises fuel use. A virtual warehouse has been developed to optimise vehicle routing and consolidation meaning fewer vehicles and fuller loads. Software algorithms receive orders from customers and then the most cost-effective and carbon-efficient transport solution can be calculated. Bibby Distribution is also operating 10 LPG dual fuel HGVs as well as deploying 44 longer semi-trailers as part of the government’s trial. Full fleet telematics to monitor driver behaviour and delivery of tailored training courses are also implemented to improve fuel efficiency. The company believes that its success is due to collaborating with others to develop decarbonisation actions and share best practice. The award runners-up were Howden Joinery, Martin-Brower and McDonald Restaurant Ltd and UPS. Rachael Dillon, FTA Climate Change Policy Manager, said: “As a long-standing member of the FTA’s Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme, Bibby Distribution’s winning entry demonstrated a strong commitment to carbon reduction within its commercial vehicle fleet.” Duncan Eyre, Bibby Distribution Director, says: “Carbon reduction is a core part of our business. It drives innovation, it leads to more efficient processes, and it’s the right and responsible thing to do. We’re delighted that our commitment to sustainability has been recognised by the FTA and are honoured to be regarded as the industry example to follow in cutting the carbon footprint of logistics.” Meanwhile, the sixth LCRS annual report has also been published revealing that members of the Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme (LCRS) are making significant progress in reducing carbon emissions compared to the average across the rest of the logistics industry. Through the scheme, businesses are demonstrating their commitment to and focus on initiatives which deliver carbon reductions such as improving fuel efficiency and optimising fleet operations. The report shows that scheme members have collectively made progress in reducing carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) emissions between 2005 and 2014 and it is on track to meet its carbon reduction target of an eight per cent reduction by 2015 based on 2010 levels. This is important as the Department for Transport is currently undertaking a Freight Carbon Review assessing how industry will reduce emissions up to 2030. Recommendations will be made this summer. LCRS evidence has been invaluable but our influence will be even stronger with increased member numbers. LCRS, which is sponsored by industry partner Bridgestone, is free to join and open to all companies with at least one commercial vehicle (HGV or van). FURTHER INFORMATION For further details on the LCRS Leadership in Carbon Reduction Award including case studies and to read the report, visit



GreenFleet West

Putting green vehicles to the test in the west Following the awarding of £7 million to help fund continued development and uptake of ULEVs across the region, GreenFleet West, taking place at Leigh Court on Friday 20 May 2016, is sure to place Bristol even more sturdily on the EV map. Here we look ahead to the event and detail who will be joining us there GreenFleet West returns on 20 May at Leigh Court, Bristol, in order to educate key decision makers on the benefits of plug-in vehicles. The fleet show for Bristol has gathered key industry players from different organisations to share and raise awareness around electric and plug in vehicles. GreenFleet West is being staged in association with the Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV) and Bristol City Council, along with Bath & North East Somerset, North


Somerset and South Gloucestershire Councils. A collaboration between the councils has amounted to a £7 million grant, to help fund continued development and uptake of ultra-low emission vehicles (ULEV) across the region and all four authorities plan to use the funding to convert 20-25 per cent of their light


vehicles to ULEVs, which will result in massive savings on fuel bills as well as a huge reduction in the harmful emissions being pumped into the region’s airspace. As a result, and building on the success of GreenFleet West 2015, Bristol will become the second Go Ultra Low City to host a GreenFleet car and plug-in technology event, where businesses from across the West can come and ‘experience’ the vehicles and technology, first-hand. At GreenFleet West this year, Elm EV and Schneider Electric will be sharing their knowledge on the specialist charging equipment they provide. Route Monkey will also be present

Fleet n e e r G s returnin t s e W May on 20 order to in n Bristol key decisio te educa kers on the-in ma ug s of pl t fi e n s be vehicle

Seminars GreenFleet West has gathered key industry players including representatives from OLEV and Bristol City Council, which recently stated that ‘Bristol is proud to become European Green Capital’. Alongside OLEV and Bristol City Council, representatives from Business West and Alphabet will also be delivering keynote presentations on the day. Motoring journalist and TV presenter Quentin Willson will chair the seminar sessions and also deliver his own keynote presentation on ‘The future of mobility’. After the seminar session, delegates will have the chance to break out for closed group sessions with the major electric and hybrid motor manufacturers and related companies, to discuss any electric vehicle concerns and share experiences. Test drives The major electric and hybrid motor manufacturers will be present and

this is the opportunity for delegates to test drive the vehicles they have to offer. BMW’s first electric car, the i3, will be available for test drives on the day, as a pure EV, and as a range-extended version. With a range of up to 100 miles in the standard comfort driving mode, the BMW i3 more than covers the typical driving demands for commuting. If you need the reassurance of being able to drive further, a BMW i3 with a range Extender increases the range to up to 186 miles. We will also have vehicles from Nissan, our current EV and LCV Manufacturer of the Year. We will have the amazing Nissan e-NV200, which is perfect if a small van is needed for your business, featuring an impressive range of 106 miles and zero CO2 emissions. This year we are also delighted to bring you one of the first showings of the Nissan e-NV200 Evalia, the seven seat option of the impressive electric van, which also has a range of 106 miles and zero CO2 emissions, plus a 30-minute rapid charge option. Both vehicles will be available for test drives. Mitsubishi will also be joining us, showcasing the award-winning Outlander PHEV, which offers high economy at just 42g/km CO2. The Outlander’s ultra-low emissions mean that it is completely exempt from Vehicle Excise Duty. This PHEV has a combination of a high efficiency petrol engine and an electric battery that drives it, making it capable of an impressive 156mpg. EVOLUTION Bristol The EVOLUTION Motor Show will return to the Millennium Square on the 21 May, after its resounding success last year. Following on from the already established fleet event, organisers at PSi Ltd will continue with the second consumer day to allow the wider public to experience the vehicles. This is a free event and manufacturers such as Mitsubishi, BMW and Nissan will be showcasing an array of low emission vehicles. Both events are staged in association with OLEV and Bristol City Council, along with Bath & North East Somerset, North Somerset and South Gloucestershire Councils. !

Quentin Willson Motoring journalist and TV presenter Oliver Chadwick Consumer Incentives, Office for Low Emission Vehicles

GreenFleet West

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Ben Robinson Team Leader, Transport Policy, Bristol City Council Nina Skubala Initiative Manager, Business West Simon Barr Public Sector Manager, Alphabet



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Electric Vehicles Written by Richard Bruce, Office for Low Emission Vehicles

The new Go Ultra Low Companies scheme celebrates UK businesses that are embracing electric vehicles

The quiet revolution Electric vehicle sales have dramatically risen since the start of 2016. With the green approach to driving gaining momentum, Richard Bruce, head of the Office for Low Emission Vehicles, asks whether it is the start of a continuing trend? A quiet revolution is taking place on UK roads as thousands of drivers make the switch to electric driving. The first quarter of 2016 saw over 17,000 claims for the government’s Plug-in Car Grant, up 109 per cent on the same quarter last year. There are now over 60,000 electric vehicles on our roads. With a new electric car sold every 13 minutes in the first three months of 2016, the UK electric vehicle market has never been stronger. Fleets are leading the way and the move to zero emission motoring is inevitable. Helping that process along and placing the UK at the forefront is the Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV). The UK offers one of the most comprehensive packages of support in the world, with over £600 million allocated to support electric vehicle development, manufacture and uptake in the UK. Helping businesses to make the switch, the government’s Plug-in Car Grant offers up to £4,500 off the cost of a new electric car, and the Plug-in Van Grant up to £8,000 off the cost of an electric van. Add to this extremely low driving costs (from 2p per mile compared

to 10-12p per mile for petrol/diesel cars), exemption from road tax, savings on National Insurance contributions and Benefit-in-Kind tax breaks for company car drivers and the business model for going electric is clear. Making the easy switch Driving an electric car has also never been easier. There are more models than ever – from 100 per cent electric cars and vans, to plug-in hybrids, extended-range and fuel cell electric cars in a variety of styles. The government’s continued investment in infrastructure has helped to provide UK drivers with over 11,000 public chargepoints and the largest rapid charger network in Europe – over 96 per cent of motorway services now have rapid chargers enabling electric cars to be recharged to 80 per cent in under 30 minutes. Many businesses across the UK are realising the benefits of switching their fleets to electric. To highlight those leading the way, Go Ultra Low, a joint government and automotive industry campaign to drive uptake of electric vehicles, launched its new Go Ultra Low Companies scheme this week. Similar to Investors in People, the scheme celebrates

With a new sold car electric minutes 3 every 1 first three in the f 2016, the o monthsectric vehicle UK el has never market stronger been

UK businesses that are embracing electric vehicles and who aim to have at least five per cent of their fleet consisting of electric vehicles by 2020. The fact that large corporations like Microsoft, front line service providers like the London Fire Brigade and small businesses have all signed up shows that electric vehicles are suitable for every fleet. Electric uptake The move to electric driving is gathering pace across the UK. Bristol, Nottingham, Milton Keynes and London recently won though a highly competitive process to become Go Ultra Low Cities. They will share £35 million of government funding to become global exemplars for electric vehicle uptake. Not only will this provide cutting edge infrastructure giving thousands of motorists access to fast, convenient chargers, they will also offer local incentives such as free parking and use of bus lanes to make EVs an even more attractive option. Such was the quality of bids that Dundee, Oxford, York and the North East shared a further £5 million to take forward innovative projects meaning that a total of £40 million of government funding will go to local electric vehicle schemes. Every one of these authorities and many more around the country are committed to driving up the number of electric vehicles, making it even more attractive for businesses to switch. The global auto market is approaching a tipping point where electric power will start ! Volume 94 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE


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Hydrogen funding Plans to make nearly every vehicle in the country zero-emission by 2050 have been encouraged with the launch of a £2 million government fund to encourage more businesses to switch to hydrogen-fuelled vehicles. The Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) Fleet Support Scheme, launched by the government’s Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV), will allow local authorities, health trusts, police forces, fire brigades and private companies to bid for funding to add hydrogen-powered vehicles to their fleets. If successful, the £2 million fund could bring up to 100 more hydrogen fuel cell cars and vans onto British roads by next Spring – triple the number of vehicles currently in use. The money will cover up to 75 per cent of the costs of new vehicles bought by April 2017, as well as the cost of running them for up to three years. The new fund follows the government committing £5 million in 2014 through the Hydrogen for Transport Advancement

Plans to make nearly every vehicle in the country zero-emission by 2050 have been encouraged with the launch of a £2 million government fund to encourage more businesses to switch to hydrogen-fuelled vehicles Programme for 12 hydrogen refuelling stations. Transport Minister Andrew Jones, who opened the second of those stations at the National Physical Laboratory in Teddington, said: “We are always looking at new ways to make the vehicles of the future cleaner, and hydrogen fuel cells are an important part of our vision for almost all cars and vans to be zero-emission by 2050. “This funding, along with the growing network of hydrogen refuelling stations opening in England, will help businesses and the public sector to get on board with this exciting technology. This is further proof that we are leading the way in making journeys cleaner and protecting the environment.” All 12 stations are expected to be open by the end of the year, which is a significant step towards a national network. The news has been fairly well received within the industry. Simon Peevers, RAC Business spokesman, said: “Given the range of benefits that come with running zero and low emission vehicles in terms of running costs, there is

Electric Vehicles

! to take over from the internal combustion engine. Businesses have a crucial role to play in reaching this point. Electric vehicles offer cleaner and quieter motoring plus multiple short and long term financial benefits for companies and their employees to enjoy. Businesses across Britain are already offering electric cars as company cars and operating electric vehicles on their fleets. I urge you to join them.

certainly the will among businesses to make a change and realise those cost savings, if they can overcome the initial outlay. So it’s welcome that the government recognises the importance of supporting fleets to encourage the transition to zero-emission vehicles. “Within the wider context of the fleet sector it remains to be seen whether £2 million is enough to make a serious impact on encouraging businesses to upgrade their vehicles, but it is a step in the right direction as long as there is the infrastructure in place to support the new technology.” Bids for the FCEV Fleet Support Scheme must be submitted by Monday 4 July 2016. Successful bidders will be informed later this year. " FURTHER INFORMATION office-for-low-emission-vehicles

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THE NEW MITSUBISHI OUTLANDER PHEV THE UK’S #1 SELLING PLUG-IN HYBRID With luxuriously smooth driving dynamics, the intelligent Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV decides when it’s more efficient to use petrol or electricity, giving it the ability to deliver a staggering 156mpg1. An electric range of up to 32 miles allows the Outlander PHEV to easily tackle the UK’s average daily drive on a single charge – and on longer journeys the petrol engine helps out to achieve a combined range of up to 541 miles2. The battery can be charged in just a few hours via a domestic plug socket3, a low-cost home Charge Point4 or one of over 8,500 Charge Points found across the UK. With ultra-low CO2 emissions the Outlander PHEV is exempt from Road Tax and the London Congestion Charge5 – as well as being eligible for drastically reduced Benefit in Kind taxation6. There’s even £2,500 off the list price through the Government Plug-in Car Grant, which means an Outlander PHEV will cost you from just £31,7497. We call this Intelligent Motion.

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1. Official EU MPG test figure shown as a guide for comparative purposes and is based on the vehicle being charged from mains electricity. This may not reflect real driving results. 2. Up to 32 mile EV range achieved with full battery charge. 541 miles achieved with combined full battery and petrol tank. Actual range will vary depending on driving style and road conditions. 3. Domestic plug charge: 5 hours, 16 Amp home charge point: 3.5 hours, 80% rapid charge: 30mins. 4. Government subsidised charge points are available from a number of suppliers for a small fee - ask your dealer for more information. 5. Congestion Charge application required, subject to administrative fee. 6. 7% BIK compared to the average rate of 25%. 7% BIK rate for the 2016/17 tax year. 7. Prices shown include the Government Plug-in Car Grant and VAT (at 20%), but exclude First Registration Fee. Model shown is an Outlander PHEV GX4hs at £38,499 including the Government Plug-in Car Grant. On The Road prices range from £31,804 to £43,054 and include VED, First Registration Fee and the Government Plug-in Car Grant. Metallic/pearlescent paint extra. Prices correct at time of going to print. For more information about the Government Plug-in Car Grant please visit The Government Plug-in Car Grant is subject to change at any time, without prior notice. 8. All new Outlander PHEV variants come with a 5 year/62,500 mile warranty (whichever occurs first) and an 8 year/100,000 mile traction battery warranty.

Outlander PHEV range fuel consumption in mpg (ltrs/100km): Full Battery Charge: no fuel used, Depleted Battery Charge: 51.4mpg (5.5), Weighted Average: 156.9mpg (1.8), CO2 emissions: 42 g/km.

Contract Hire & Leasing

A good point of contact at the end of a contract

For the vehicle leasing sector, the end of contract process is a vital part of winning the customer retention battle. Gerry Keaney from the British Vehicle Rental and Leasing Association explains why

Some leasing will ies compan matrix of a provide in advance charges others will while ach piece price e mage of da ally leasing company handles it individu can provide some very positive

Most successful companies have a good strategy for winning new clients, but they also understand that the goodbye is just as important as the hello when it comes to delivering great customer service. For the vehicle leasing sector, the end of contract process is a vital part of winning the customer retention battle. How a


word of mouth marketing, or see a brand named and shamed on social media. The issue of end of contract damage and charges are an emotive topic. Many of the issues that do arise are the result of poor communication or misunderstanding. This is why the end of contract process,


the communications around it and any problems that can arise, are at the heart of the BVRLA’s mandatory Code of Conduct. This has been revised and updated for 2016 and backed up with a strengthened governance regime and our dispute resolution service, which is now government-accredited. This provides customers with some additional peace of mind when they

‘Clean bill of health’ Friendliness and courtesy can be expected, but should not be confused with a vehicle being given a verbal ‘clean bill of health’. Leasing companies often outsource this process to an auction company, and I am sure that NAMA would strongly refute any accusations that its members were colluding with BVRLA members to apply unfair damage charges. Damage charges and repair costs can vary according to the make of vehicle or regional labour rates. Some leasing companies will provide a matrix of charges in advance while others will price each piece of damage individually. Similarly, some leasing companies will agree to share any profit from a car that is sold above its forecast used value. These are commercial decisions and customers are free to choose their supplier accordingly. Competition watchdogs would take a very dim view if the BVRLA attempted to set industry-wide standards or charges in this area. It is also worth remembering that customers always have the opportunity to make their own repairs before returning their vehicle, provided these are done to an appropriate professional standard. The BVRLA Fair Wear and Tear Standard was developed by the leasing industry for its customers, to provide them with a clear understanding of what is expected. Fair wear and tear should not be confused with damage, which occurs as a result of a specific event or series of events, such as an accidental impact, harsh treatment or negligence. The BVRLA regularly updates its Fair Wear and Tear Standards for cars, vans and HGVs. We do this in conjunction with a panel of members and independent market experts. Fleet customers have been involved in this process in the past and in the last twelve months we have debated these and other issues alongside ACFO representatives and leasing customers, in conjunction with Fleet News. BVRLA membership is at a ten-year high, and the corporate car and van leasing fleet operated by these companies grew 11 per cent to 2.5 million vehicles in 2015. These are the hallmarks of a healthy sector that is delivering a valuable service and isn’t taking its customers for granted. As the industry grows, it is even more important for us to continue sharing best practice while ensuring a constant and transparent dialogue with our clients. We believe that these steps will see the BVRLA logo become even more of a quality benchmark for vehicle leasing. !

Gerry Keaney is chief executive of the British Vehicle Rental and Leasing Association, the trade body for companies engaged in the leasing and rental of cars and CVs. FURTHER INFORMATION

Multileasing: specialists in cost-effective vehicle acquisition If part or all of your job role involves obtaining vehicles for your organisation’s fleet, have you ever stopped to consider why the current method of acquisition is employed instead of another? You may cash purchase or use one form of finance or another so, if you are thinking about whether your current way of acquiring vehicles is the best method for you or if there’s another way then what are the options? Leaving cash purchase to one side, if you’re figuring out whether you want to take ownership of the vehicle at the end of the contract, or have the option to, this is probably the first place to start because, in essence, outside of contract purchase or contract hire, every other finance product is likely to leave you with some type of vehicle disposal to oversee at the end of the contract. In simple terms, Hire Purchase (or HP) means you simply finance the asset over the term and own it at the end, Finance Lease will require you to sell the vehicle on (forgetting keeping it on a peppercorn rental) at the end bearing any loss and with Lease Purchase you’ll pay the balloon payment, or GFV, and own the vehicle. So, if you simply want to use a vehicle for a given period, wrap all the payments for finance, maintenance, etc up into one nice, simple monthly payment and hand it back at the end before starting again without the hassle of having to sell one vehicle on before having to find another one to buy, contract hire or contract purchase could be your solution. Taking it on one stage further, contract purchase allows you the option to hand back the vehicle at the end but, whilst some providers can include maintenance in the same way as contract hire, it doesn’t include road fund licence so isn’t as administration free as the leasing company takes care of this for you with contract hire. Lastly, should you decide to go down the contract hire route, how do you ensure you get competitive rates but maintain a uniform level of service from just one supplier? Simple, don’t use just one leasing company or use a provider that can make a number of leasing companies available to you. For more information please visit the Multileasing website or call to talk to an adviser, you may want to see what a fleet management company could do for you…

Contract Hire & Leasing

lease from a BVRLA member. In addition, I would urge all fleets to bear the following in mind when leasing a vehicle. The end of contract inspection can involve one or two inspections and the standards for these are laid out in the BVRLA Code of Conduct. Whether a full return appraisal is carried out upon collection from the driver or a two-stage approach sees an initial inspection followed up by a more thorough review, the customer should know what to expect. These assessments will be made to the BVRLA Fair Wear and Tear standard or any other return conditions that the leasing company and customer have agreed to and will be carried out by highly-trained, professional staff.




Emissions Crisis

Managing the emissions crisis: an update Following Volkswagen’s dieselgate revelation, GreenFleet updates us on the wider impact the emissions disrepute has had on the automotive industry, including the manufacturers implicated and the disclosure of further emissions data Since the Volkswagen (VW) emissions crisis, where it was unveiled that VW had cheated emissions tests by programming its engines to alter emissions output during laboratory testing, a series of investigations have been launched into how such misconduct could have been allowed to occur, and the extent to which the falsified techniques have been used. It was reported by German newspaper Handelsblatt that the so-called defeat software was originally created by fellow German manufacturer Audi in 1999, long before it was used by VW to manipulate emissions tests. However, after VW engineers were unable to meet standard nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions thresholds, VW began installing the software in the engines of 11 million diesel cars, including its own models as well as those in its, Audi, Porsche, Skoda and Seat brands. Interestingly, a report conducted by Emissions Analytics, which independently examined the best and worst diesel cars for NOx

emissions, suggested that the VW Group actually performed best, with its Audi A5, Skoda Superb, Volkswagen Passat and Scirocco scoring A grades on the Equa Air Quality index. The Equa index was designed to provide impartial real-world data regarding the level of NOx emissions emitted during real-work tests. Vehicles graded with an A rating emitted between 0-0.08g/km of NOx. On the other end of the spectrum, the worst Euro 6 diesels included the Ssangyong Koran, Fiat 500X and the 2013 Audi A8, which scored H grades, emitting over 1.00g/km of NOx. Recalls and repercussions Despite VW saying that it had begun software modifications to some of its affected models, the manufacturer is yet to fix any of the 1.2 million cars in Britain which have been flagged up by the scandal. Robert Goodwill, minister at the Department for Transport (DfT), maintained that VW has not begun fixing the software in affected cars and will need to have its

An s ion Emissytics Anal nt report ende the best p e d in ined l cars exam orst diese ons i and wNOx emiss rld o for real-w h t i w data



suggested ‘modification fix’ approved by the DfT before it can be carried out. The German carmaker also recently announced that it had agreed a deal with US officials which involved either buying back or fixing around half a million over-polluting diesel cars, in addition to setting up environmental and consumer compensation funds. Since making this announcement, Transport Secretary Patrick McLoughlin has pressured VW to explain why it is offering compensation to affected car owners in the US but not in the UK. Paul Wills, VW’s UK managing director, responded by maintaining it was ‘not necessary’ to compensate consumers in the UK, claiming the money would be better spend ensuring software modifications were carried out with as little inconvenience to the customer as possible. Financially, VW has suffered a substantial loss of around £3.2 billion for the year 2015, with the emissions scandal predicted to have cost almost £13.2 billion. Although the manufacturer had made considerable provision for the costs of repairs, compensations and fines, negotiations are ongoing as to exactly how much the company will need to pay out in the long run. In fact, the Group’s risk report has floated that the funding required to compensate for the risks may result in the selling of some of VW’s assets.

Just the tip of the iceberg As mentioned in GreenFleet issue 88, a number of campaigners, including Greg Archer of the Transport & Environment Campaign, had warned that ‘VW’s admission was just the tip of the iceberg… there will be more companies embroiled in this’. Manufacturers which are currently implicated by the ongoing investigations also include Mitsubishi Motors, which recently admitted to using fuel economy testing methods which were 25 years out of date. The Japanese car

Financially, Volkswagen has suffered a substantial loss of around £3.2 billion for the year 2015, with the emissions crisis predicted to have cost almost £13.2 billion manufacturer claimed that aggressive internal targets may have pressurised employees into overstating the fuel economy figures. So far the group has admitted to manipulating the test data for four domestic mini-vehicle models, including the Mitsubishi eK Wagon and the eK Space, as well as cars it builds for Nissan, the Dayz and Dayz Roox. Several raids have since been carried out at the company’s research and development facilities. Since the admission, a committee of external emissions experts has been set-up to investigate the extent of the misconduct. While none of the affected vehicles have been sold in Europe, US authorities have ordered that Mitsubishi retest the emissions figures of models sold in the country. Nissan initially notified Mitsubishi of the discrepancy in values, and, as GreenFleet went to press, had taken a 34 per cent equity stake in Mitsubishi for 237 billion yen. Among other brands, Fiat has also been highlighted as maintaining emissions irregularities. It has been reported that the Italian manufacturer may have cheated tests by engineering its NOx control systems to operate only for the first 22 minutes after the car has been started. The time-period is also just long enough to maintain correct emissions targets for the duration of the test, which lasts around 20 minutes. Furthermore, it has been revealed that the German government has issued a recall for 630,000 cars across Europe after finding emissions irregularities in vehicles manufactured by Mercedes, General Motors’ Opel unit and Volkswagen Group. In total, 53 car models were tested, although only VW branded cars were found to have software which altered emissions data. Nonetheless, the investigation highlighted other cars which used technology, supposedly used to protect the engine from over-heating, that switches off emissions treatment systems at certain temperatures. Germany’s Transport Minister Alexander Dobrindt said it was unlikely that over-heating concerns were the only reason for utilising the software. The companies have agreed to carry out a voluntary recall to service the cars with a software tweak. The KBA, the German authority responsible for traffic regulation, will then retest the cars to make sure they are in compliance. Not fit for purpose Following the emergence of such irregularities, the UK government has released the long-awaited results of its investigation into automotive emissions. In carrying out the research, the government has spent a considerable £1 million of taxpayer’s cash, in order to identify whether other manufacturers have used defeat software to manipulate emissions test data in a similar manner to that of VW.

Emissions Crisis

Nonetheless, Matthias Müller, VW chairman, has maintained a reasonably hopeful outlook: “The current crisis – as the figures presented also reveal – is having a huge impact on Volkswagen’s financial position. Yet we have the firm intention and the means to handle the difficult situation we are experiencing by using our own resources.” Eric Bristow, fleet manager – service division at Hobart UK, said of the ongoing diesel emissions crisis: “It is very disappointing that, in an industry that is recognised to be built on trust, a company has gone out of its way to mislead it’s customers. Additionally, the fact that they are unable to rectify the problem within the time frame it initially advised, is concerning. However, as a result of this, HobartUK have brought forward its program to replace diesel cars with petrol hybrid.” He also called for an independent testing body: “We have always known that the claimed mpg figures used by manufacturers were obtained under ‘ideal conditions’. With the gap between real world MPG and the manufacturers claims becoming further apart, I think it would be a positive step forward for an independent body to be solely responsible for providing real world mpg and emissions.”

Ultimately, the report concluded that the investigations had not detected the use of such manipulation strategies in other carmakers, but warned that almost all of Britain’s most popular diesel cars were found to emit up to twelve times the test’s limits when on the roads. The report instructed that the current testing procedure was simply ‘not fit for purpose’ and was branded sub-standard. Many critics reacting to the findings accused vehicle manufacturers of playing the system, while others continued to berate the system itself, blaming the emissions testing technology as inaccurate and outdated. In particular, the European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA) claimed it had ‘been advocating for many years an updated laboratory test, as well as an additional new test to measure pollutant emissions on the road’. Julia Poliscanova, clean vehicles and air quality manager at Transport & Environment, said of the industry testing exemptions that allow carmakers to switch off exhaust after-treatment systems: “The investigations in the UK and Germany prove once again the impunity of the car industry and the inability of national authorities to bring it to account. “Governments are letting industry off the hook. Just as carmakers cannot switch off braking systems to preserve the life of braking pads, they shouldn’t switch off after-treatment systems that control pollution in most road conditions in Europe. This is not a victimless crime: 72,000 people die prematurely every year in Europe, choked with diesel fumes.” Restoring trust in the system Answering such criticisms, the government has secured a new European Real Driving Emissions (RDE) testing regime, which will aim to give a more representative account of real-life conditions. The test was set to arrive in 2017 – more than 10 years after it was first mooted. However, reported delays mean that the more rigorous test may not actually become law until 2020 and car manufacturers have put forward the case that diesel engines are costing them more to pass the ever-stricter tests. As it stands, the discrepancy between World Harmonised Light Test Cycle and Procedures (a test due to replace the outdated NEDC test) and RDE stands at 400 per cent. Erik Jonnaert, ACEA secretary general, said: “These results show again that we now need to move forward with the new testing conditions in order to bridge the gap with the lab test, RDE represents a tremendous effort for Europe’s car manufacturers, both in terms of investments and production, but our industry will take up this challenge.” ! FURTHER INFORMATION



With recent growth in van registrations and a boom in output for last year, the sold-out 2016 Commercial Vehicle Show reaffirmed its position as the premier exhibition for the commercial vehicle industry in the UK. GreenFleet reflects upon the happenings at the NEC in Birmingham

This V year’s Ctlight po Show s it evenly was spl a record n betweeer of LCV numb es and a launch pick-up n boom i rings e f of

The 2016 Commercial Vehicle Show exceeded the expectations set by last year’s strong show, hosting over 460 exhibitors and using every inch of available floor space in Halls 3a, 4 and 5 of the NEC in Birmingham. This year’s spotlight was split evenly between a record number of LCV launches and a boom in pick-up offerings. While these facets of the show turned many heads, there were plenty of other debuts, unveilings and world premieres to demand showgoers’ attention over the three days. With the wraps pulled off the all-new Citroën Despatch, Peugeot Expert and Toyota

Proace, which all made their global debuts at the show, the show gained plenty of attention.

Zero emissions Zero-emission vehicles stole a fair share of the spotlight at the show. The LDV brand returned to UK shores, following a seven-year absence, to announce its intention to join the electric commercial vehicle market with the EV80 panel van. Now owned by China’s SAIC Maxus, the EV80, China’s first all-electric van, will launch later this year and is being marketed as the ideal van for city deliveries.

Commercial Vehicle Show

Driving the commercial fleet sector forward

The vehicle has a claimed usable range of 215 miles and a recharging time of two hours – faster than the Nissan e-NV200 which is likely to be the van’s main competition in the market. It will be available in short and long wheelbase panel van variants and a chassis cab with a rated payload ranging from 900 to 1,250kg. Prices and specifications have not yet been revealed. Mark Barrett, general manager of LDV UK & Ireland, said: “I think it’s safe to say that LDV has demonstrated just how obtainable the future is for a commercial EV vehicle, following the EV80 reveal.” He added: “The response from dealers to the re-launch of LDV both in the UK and Ireland has been phenomenal. We are well ahead of our forecasts with almost 40 dealers on board, ! Volume 94 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE


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The year of the van? Cleaner, more efficient vans provided a strong turnout on the show floor. Both Ford and Volkswagen, making welcome returns to the show, presented significant gains in fuel economy and emissions with their latest engines, while Citroën, Peugeot and Iveco all stood out with impressive debuts. Ford modelled its new 2.0-litre EcoBlue Euro-6 diesel engine, which will be fitted to updated Transit and Transit Custom models. Ford claims this engine will offer a 13 per cent improvement in fuel efficiency compared to the old 2.2-litre TDCi previously used in Transit models. The added efficiency of these vans comes from AdBlue urea exhaust gas treatment systems fitted to the diesel engines, with Ford claiming a saving of £1,250 in fuel spending over 80,000 miles compared to the previous models. Returning for the first time since 2011, Volkswagen (VW) welcomed visitors to their stand in Birmingham exhibiting its latest Transporter and Caddy, designed to be a ‘creative hub’. The van, along with another high-roof ‘Power Office’, was developed off the back of research carried out by VW and the Centre for Economic and Business Research (CEBR), highlighting the key role that commercial vehicles play in the growth of new and small businesses in the UK. The German manufacturer also announced a new Converter Recognition Programme, which builds on the company’s existing Engineered For You and Engineered To Go schemes and will ensure VW conversions meet operators’ needs and expectations

while widening the range of approved conversions available on VWCV bodies. Iveco held a dominant presence at this year’s event. The Italian manufacturer brought 21 vehicles to Birmingham – constituting its largest-ever line-up of trucks and vans at the show – and also used the event as a platform to showcase its latest Daily Euro-6 van range, showing off seven different variants to attendees. The new van range comes with the option of two four-cylinder engines: 2.3 or 3.0-litre units. These Euro-6 compliant engines deliver up to 210bhp and 470Nm of torque. The real world benefit of these upgrades, environmental gains aside, comes in the form of a claimed eight per cent fuel saving over the previous Euro-5 model. An especially popular offering from Iveco this year was the new Daily Electric, which is claimed to have an additional capacity of 100kg over the previous model, bringing the electric van one step closer to mainstream use. In addition to the electric Daily, Iveco also displayed a Daily model powered by compressed natural gas (CNG), and has released information about an upcoming higher-horsepower liquefied natural gas (LNG) version of its Stralis heavy tractor unit. Speaking to Transport News Brief about the company’s alternative fuel strategy, Nigel Emms, Iveco UK brand and communications director, said: “We’ve been at the forefront of alternative fuels for many, many years. Now, as the price of electric vehicles comes down and the technology develops,

we’re getting some fresh interest from big distribution companies. There’s a dialogue beginning to open up on electric Daily. “We see LNG as a possible solution for heavy trucks, with CNG as probably the most financially attractive option on light vans. It really comes back to infrastructure.” Dispatch The big news on the Citroën stand was the unveiling of the Dispatch panel van with the next generation model will hit the market later this year. The New Citroën Dispatch is available with six powertrains, with all models featuring diesel engines from the BlueHDi family. This new generation of engines, launched by Citroën in late 2013, considerably cuts nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions while reducing CO2 emissions. This is thanks in part to an innovative exhaust system comprising of: an oxidation catalyst located at the engine exit to eliminate the hydrocarbons (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO) produced by combustion; a Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) module, positioned ahead of the particulate filter to transform up to 90 per cent of nitrogen oxide (NOx) into water vapour (H2O) and nitrogen (N2); and a particulate filter, launched in a world first by PSA Peugeot Citroën in 2000, to eliminate 99.9 per cent of particulates. Citroën’s Relay Ready to Run programme is also being extended to include a car transporter and plant transporter, which have both been developed by KFS bodybuilders. "

Commercial Vehicle Show

! 11 of whom are in the UK with many more signings imminent in the UK and Ireland.” LDV also revealed the new G10 panel van, an entirely new design, powered by a 2.0-litre turbodiesel offered in both manual and automatic guises.

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Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles returned to the CV Show with its new sixth-generation Transporter


! The programme has grown from about 120 units in 2013 to just under 500 in 2015. Like its alliance partner Citroën, Peugeot paraded its all new medium panel van, the Peugeot Expert, for the first time at the show. Time for a Toyota comeback Having recruited Gareth Matthews as a dedicated LCV manager, Japanese manufacturer Toyota returned to the Commercial Vehicle Show with the new Proace panel van, signalling a returned interest in the world of light commercial vehicles. The new range, scheduled to go on sale later this year, will give Toyota comprehensive coverage of the medium duty van market. The line-up at the show represented the three body sizes on offer, two wheelbase lengths and a variety of formats, including (for the first time) a platform cab for bespoke vehicle bodies. The new Proace Van Compact will offer the load capacity of a medium duty model, within the footprint of a car-derived van. To deliver more flexible load-carrying, the Proace Van will be available with a new Smart Cargo system and will be available in panel van, crew cab and nine-seat combi versions and as a platform cab. It will also provide the basis for a new passenger vehicle, the Proace Verso large people-carrier, which was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in March. Truck excellence The Freight Transport Association (FTA) used the Commercial Vehicle Show to unveil its Truck Excellence Scheme, which will join the well-established Van Excellence programme under the FTA’s Fleet Excellence banner. Developed and governed by FTA members, Truck Excellence is the only national scheme that accredits operators against the operator licence undertakings. Each standard maps entirely to obligations under the operator licensing regime and associated core legislation, which is what both regulators and industry agree is the desired standard for excellence. Core areas covered by the scheme include: operator licensing; transport management; operating centres and vehicles; maintenance systems; drivers’ hours; working time and records; and good repute. Sally Thornley, FTA Director of Standards, Audit and Accreditation said: “The scheme has been developed to include a modular approach, making it flexible enough to include and adapt to the changing standards of other accreditation schemes – looking to make the scheme both cost effective and future-proof.” Additionally, the FTA also showcased its Van Excellence Small Fleet Programme. For operators who have 10 vans or fewer, the programme will share advice and first-rate operational procedures from the top performing fleets. Mark Cartwright, FTA’s head of Vans, said: “Small fleet operators wanted an affordable scheme like Van Excellence to help them maintain high standards and stay up-to-date with current laws and best practice. Being a member offers unrivalled support and information to run a safe, legal and efficient fleet.” "

Commercial Vehicle Show

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The Iveco Daily Electric was popular among visitors

Toyota’s Proace panel van was first seen at the 2016 CV Show

The Fullback is Fiat’s new pick-up

The Iveco Eurocargo is the 2016 International Truck of the Year

The future of trucking The first Future Truck Design Awards, run by Transport for London (TfL) and hosted on the opening day of the Cshow, revealed the budding young designers of tomorrow. Open to students across the UK, the competition asked entrants to help shape future urban delivery vehicles, incorporating safety, efficiency and clean technology. Ian Wainwright, head of TfL’s freight and fleet team, said: “We’ve been overwhelmed by the quality, originality and innovation of the entries. “The Awards have generated ideas that challenge the traditional look of the HGV, inform future vehicle design and accelerate the process of building trucks for safe, urban use.” Andy Salter, managing director at Road Transport Media and judging panel chairman, said: “Many of the innovations are futuristic in nature but can easily be envisaged as genuine HGV design in just a few years’ time.” Time for a pick-up Pick-ups, which have been experiencing a European resurgence in recent years, were another fashionable sector at this year’s show.

A number of new and upgraded pick-up trucks were trotted out for public display, including the Fiat Fullback, Toyota Hilux, Ford Ranger, Volkswagen Amarok, Mitsubishi L200 and Isuzu D-Max. The inherent versatility of pick-ups, which are able to jump between business and family functions, has made them a popular option for a broad range of potential customers, and resulted in manufacturers enjoying significant attention at the show. The most surprising announcement at the Show came from the Cartwright Group and Transdek UK, who announced a licensing deal that will see the two leading double-deck trailer companies working in unison on a number of specific trailer models. Transdek UK, a designer and manufacturer of double-deck semi-trailers and loading bay equipment, has joined with Cartwright, a bodybuilder and trailer-maker which has been diversifying after a period of growth. The agreement is understood to be confined to fixed-deck double-deck trailers (not including those with moveable second decks) and to include design, manufacturing, sales and marketing. Transdek UK’s Urban and Wedge double-deckers, both on display at the show, are included in the deal. Mark Cartwright, The Cartwright Group managing director, said: “This new venture is very exciting for both Cartwright and Transdek, and creates a partnership which will maximise the complementary skills of both organisations. Transdek UK’s innovative flair will combine with Cartwright’s manufacturing scale to form a winning formula which will have a major impact on the industry.” "

Commercial Vehicle Show

! Elsewhere, the International Truck of the Year 2016 proved a must-see exhibit on the opening day, with Iveco’s New Eurocargo featuring both on its stand in Hall 5 and its dual outdoor exhibition areas, ‘setting the benchmark’ as the first medium-weight truck to comply with the upcoming Euro-6 Step C standard, which becomes mandatory on 31 December 2016. Speaking on the first day of the show, Stuart Webster, managing director of Iveco, said: “There’s been a lot of interest in New Eurocargo, and the feedback has been fantastic. The new cab is a big hit and the team have been taking a lot of enquiries. It’s reinforced why it was so important for Iveco to be here with our biggest line-up of vehicles ever.”

The 2017 Commercial Vehicle Show takes place at the NEC in Birmingham on 25-27 April. FURTHER INFORMATION

The big news on the Citroën stand was the unveiling of the Dispatch panel van – the new next-generation model will hit the market later this year Not everything at the 2016 CV Show was new...

The 2016 Commercial Vehicle Show highlighted the latest offerings from all sectors



Alternative Fuels

Futuristic fuel cell

Written by Richard Gooding

As the UK’s national infrastructure grows and take-up is given a significant £2m boost, Richard Gooding drives the zero-emission hydrogen fuel cell Toyota Mirai

ad the Downlo pp at e le t a GreenF enflee e r .g and app s e g ima for more t conten

Following on from the recent London Hydrogen Network Expansion’s (LHNE) ‘Tour de M25’ which raised awareness of the benefits of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) as well as the infrastructure surrounding them by setting distance world records around the M25 (GreenFleet issue 93), the government has announced a new £2 million competition to encourage and promote the roll-out of hydrogen-fuelled vehicles. Public and private sector fleets can now get a discount of up to 75 per cent off the

How does a Fuel Cell Vehicle work? Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs, or Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles – FCEVs) work by converting hydrogen to electricity to power the driving electric motors. An FCV is refuelled with hydrogen which then reacts with oxygen in a fuel cell stack to generate electricity. This is then sent through a power control unit to the electric drive motor and battery. The only by-product ‘emission’ is water (H20). A longer range means FCVs only have to be refuelled around every 300-350 miles.


cost of zero-emission fuel cell electric vehicles by submitting bids to the Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) Fleet Support Scheme by 4 July 2016. Local authorities, fire brigades, health trusts, police forces and private companies can bid for the funding to add hydrogen-powered vehicles to their fleets. In addition, a new publicly-accessible hydrogen refuelling station has just opened at the National Physical Laboratory in Teddington (see panel), Middlesex. With an increasing number of hydrogen-fuelled vehicles on offer from major motor manufacturers, hydrogen is slowly ramping up to challenge electricity as a viable alternative fuel. One of the hydrogen-powered cars available in the UK for fleets is the Toyota Mirai, and GreenFleet was invited to Toyota’s UK HQ to drive it.

ITM Power, Transport for London, and private hire business greentomatocars. Launched in December 2014, the Mirai is one of the cars eligible for the UK government’s Office of Low Emission Vehicles Plug-in Car Grant. Sales projections are modest, with 15 examples thought to take to the UK’s roads this year, up from 12 in 2015. Over 1,500 orders were received in Japan during the first month of sales, and Toyota has ramped up production to a total of 2,000 in 2016, rising still further to 3,000 in 2017. Toyota expects customers to come from the commercial and public sectors, as well as from the hydrogen industry itself. In the UK, the Mirai is available in just one high-grade specification. At £66,000 on-the-road (not including subsidies), Toyota’s fuel cell challenger isn’t cheap, but as the technology gets more widespread, the cost may well reduce. Toyota UK states that the car is available for sale or for contract hire or lease, with packages available from £750 per month, on a four-year, 60,000 mile scheme. That monthly cost includes full servicing, tyres and fuel. A further dedicated ‘Mirai Companion’ package includes a dedicated 24/7 concierge service, a journey-planning app, as well as a five-year ‘premium’ roadside assistance scheme.

nt Recipie 16 0 of the 2 en Car re World Ghe Mirai is t award,advantage of taking K’s growing the U tional na ucture infrastr

2016 World Green Car Recipient of the 2016 World Green Car award, the Mirai is taking advantage of the growing national infrastructure in this country and the UK is one of the first European markets to receive the car. Early fleet customers who are already enjoying the benefits include hydrogen energy company


ITM Power has opened its first London-based public access hydrogen refuelling station at the National Physical Laboratory in Teddington. Andrew Jones MP, Transport Minister at the Department of Transport cut the ribbon on the first of three UK stations which will be part of the pan-European HyFive project, funded by the European Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCHJU) and the UK Government Office of Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV). A £2 million government fund to support the roll-out of hydrogen vehicles in public and private sector fleets was also announced. “We are committed to making all cars and vans zero-emission by 2050, and hydrogen vehicles have a huge role to play in delivering cleaner, greener journeys,’ said Jones. He continued: “The new refuelling

The ‘H2O’ button lets drivers ‘self-purge’ the water produced from the hydrogen conversion process which is useful if the car is parked indoors, such as in a garage

Avantgarde appearance As befits the technology which powers it, the Mirai has an avantgarde appearance. It certainly stands out as something different, and there are references to the new Prius in some elements of its looks. Styled more with form in mind as opposed to function, the gaping front bumper vents feed in air to cool the powertrain. A sedan bodystyle was chosen to differentiate the car from SUVs with the same technology, even if the hydrogen components were harder to package in a saloon shape. Toyota says others will follow. Those components include the electric 154bhp motor from the Lexus RX450h hybrid, a pair of 700 bar high-pressure hydrogen storage tanks, a fuel cell boost converter (to convert the hydrogen to electricity) and a nickel-metal hydride battery. As with all hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, the Mirai emits nothing more than water from its ‘exhaust’ (a hole in its rear underbody cladding). With all the major power unit components mounted under the floor of the car, the

Mirai has a low centre of gravity which aids handling as well as reducing body movements. And don’t question safety –the carbonfibre reinforced plastic hydrogen storage tanks can withstand a 150-tonne load for strength and have undergone seven individual tests to prove their impregnability. Even though Toyota has released 5,500 patents relating to hydrogen technology, it still makes the tanks itself. Relaxed experience To drive, the Mirai is as conventional as its appearance is unusual. As with the Hyundai ix35 Fuel Cell and many electric cars, a relaxed experience is enjoyed thanks to the lack of noise. There’s more whirring than a traditional EV, the numerous pumps and systems shuffling the car’s power, but with a 342-mile range, anxiety is a thing of the past. On the move, the Mirai doesn’t feel its 1,800kg weight and there’s nimbleness helped by that low centre of gravity. With 247lb ft/335Nm of torque, the mid-sized fuel cell car picks up speed really quickly,

station at Teddington is just one of 12 stations opening up this year, backed by £5 million of government funding, that will make it easier to switch to this exciting new technology.” The new station is close to the A316 and A308 trunk roads and is open for both commercial and private fleets who operate hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. Commissioning teams from ITM Power and BOC Linde will now put in place plans for four more electrolyser-based refuelling stations in and around London before the end of 2016.

Alternative Fuels

First London HyFive hydrogen refuelling station opens in Teddington


with 0-62mph coming up in 9.6 seconds. Regenerative braking features, but on our brief drive seemed less effective than that of a more traditional EV. Like the exterior, the cabin has hints of the new Prius such as the Hybrid System Indicator, and it’s a nice to place to be with a premium finish, partly due to the car’s high list price. The ‘H2O’ button lets the driver purge the water produced by the hydrogen conversion process. The car automatically releases it at regular intervals, but the self-purging is useful if the car is garaged for example. Toyota states that 0.8 litres of water is emitted per 6 miles (10km). ‘Fuel consumption’ is 0.76kg of H2 used for every 100km on NEDC cycle. Committed to fuel cell technology Toyota is committed to hydrogen fuel cell technology, and started development work on projects which have resulted in the Mirai over 20 years ago. Toyota (GB) PLC president and managing director, Paul Van der Burgh, said: “The opening of ITM Power’s new filling station is an excellent example of how a coordinated hydrogen fuel infrastructure is successfully being developed in the UK. We are pleased to continue our support for the wider provision of hydrogen fuel outlets, which will encourage increased customer uptake of zero-emission hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.” ! FURTHER INFORMATION



Automechanika 2016

Plugging the gap in the automotive calendar

Destined to become the UK’s largest and most successful automotive trade show, Automechanika comes to the UK for the very first time on 7-9 June. GreenFleet analyses what’s in store

The UK automotive industry is enjoying unprecedented success, both in terms of vehicle production and sales. Tier 1 suppliers alone have demonstrated a 32 per cent sales growth over the past five years and the automotive aftermarket continues to grow and innovate. Every successful industry deserves a platform that showcases its products and services. Automechanika Birmingham is designed to do just that, with the exhibition selling all available stand space at the National Exhibition Centre (NEC), it clearly is the exhibition demanded by the industry. The companies represented at this important new UK event are split between the automotive aftermarket and supply chain with the likes of Schaeffler, TRW, 3M, Denso, Delphi Unipart and Yokohama Tyres, plus many more blue chip companies from both the UK and internationally. Significantly, 38 per cent of exhibitors representing 30 key automotive countries will be displaying their latest products and services. The exhibition was originally planned to occupy just one hall at the NEC in Birmingham, but will now cover three halls amounting to 21,000sqm of space to cater for the 550 exhibitors.

An exhibition with potential The new UK exhibition reflects the huge success generated by the original Automechanika event at the Frankfurt Messe, which has now expanded into exhibitions at 15 international locations, making it the most successful automotive trade show series globally. The UK version will become the largest Automechanika debut show in history outside of Frankfurt. Simon Albert, event director, said: “We have been staggered and delighted by the response from the automotive industry and we wish to thank all of our wide range of exhibitors for supporting this, the first UK Automechanika Birmingham event, which we firmly believe will become a staple and yearly event in the UK automotive calendar.”

Every l fu success serves y de industr orm that a platf ases its showc d services. ts an produc mechanika is Auto ed to do design that Not-to-be-missed just seminar programme


An extensive seminar programme has been planned for visitors, addressing many of the key issues facing the automotive business with presentations by key industry leaders. There will be three separate theatres running over 60 presentations throughout the three-day event – Keynote Theatre, Aftermarket Theatre and Technical Theatre, the latter covering both aftermarket and supply


chain. The Keynote Theatre will focus on important industry developments, topics and issues with presentations from a variety of sources, including the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA), the IAAF, IMI, Frost and Sullivan and the Automotive Council. The Aftermarket Theatre, sponsored by Aftermarket magazine, will have over 30 presentations delivered by industry experts and technical personalities from the automotive aftermarket. The subject will include technology and the retail sector, business seminars for workshop staff plus staff skills, training and apprenticeships. The Technical Theatre will also feature a variety of relevant subjects relevant to both the aftermarket and supply chain. These will range from high value manufacturing, lightweight technologies and composites plus the key areas of low carbon and electrification and importantly the impact of regulation on business, plus the shape of the workshop of the future. The not to be missed presentations include the Frost and Sullivan ‘mega trends’ issues affecting mobility, the car of the future and the aftermarket. Additionally, Suzi Perry will be joining Steve Nash of the Institute of the Motor Industry to cover the topic of professional registration for technicians and the pair will be joined by a well-known guest star courtesy of Schaeffler Automotive Aftermarket. And also, a very important presentation from the DVSA concerning the modernisation of the MOT.

Endorsement from UK car companies The UK event has been endorsed by some of the UK’s biggest vehicle manufacturers, including Jaguar Land Rover, Nissan and Vauxhall, demonstrating the value and importance on the UK automotive industry and its supply chain. According to Jaguar Land Rover: “This is a great opportunity for our UK automotive suppliers and buyers to participate in the largest automotive focused event in the UK, the like of which we haven’t seen in the UK for many years. We look forward to celebrating and building upon this success with our current suppliers and meeting new suppliers.” A spokesman for Vauxhall said:

The new UK exhibition reflects the huge success generated by the original Automechanika event at the Frankfurt Messe, which has now expanded into exhibitions at 15 international locations “Automechanika Birmingham highlights the continued resurgence of the UK on the global automotive map. With a proud heritage of Vauxhall manufacturing in the UK, we are delighted to see a major event being organised in General Motors fourth largest market, showcasing the best the industry has to offer.” Nissan added: “Nissan fully supports the arrival of Automechanika Birmingham in June this year – an event dedicated to showcasing the UK’s automotive capabilities. With the recent announcement of the next generation Nissan Juke, this will be a good opportunity to discuss potential new partnerships and reinforce existing relationships.” Strong support from the automotive aftermarket In terms of the automotive aftermarket, a very vibrant and successful part of the UK automotive business sector, Halfords Autocentres, said: “It is fantastic that Automechanika will be in the UK in Birmingham. As Halfords Autocentres is a full service garage group looking after one million private and fleet vehicles, there is a

Automechanika 2016

Support from the SMMT The exhibition is being organised in association with the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT) who will provide yet more of an incentive for visitors by hosting its popular and well attended flagship events: Meet the Buyer and Open Forum at the show. Mike Hawes, SMMT’s chief executive, said: “The huge interest in Automechanika Birmingham demonstrates this is the right show, at the right time and in the right place, signalling the strength of the UK automotive industry. Last year was another 12 months of manufacturing success in Britain and with the continued drive to reshore suppliers, this global event comes at an important time for UK suppliers.”

lot we are looking forward to. Not least the opportunity to spend time with so many of our suppliers and supporting businesses – we hope to meet old friends and new.” The Parts Alliance added: “The arrival of Automechanika in Birmingham has created a great buzz of excitement across the whole of the aftermarket and it’s no surprise it’s a sell-out. It’s a fantastic showcase for the industry; one that will provide an excellent opportunity for all those exhibiting to welcome valued customers and key supply partners, while also forging new friendships. As one of the leading autoparts distributors in the UK we just had to be there.” Visitors planning to attend the inaugural event, to be held from the 7-9 June, are now able to register for free by visiting the website. The site also contains full details including a comprehensive visitor brochure containing comprehensive and valuable information on the exhibition and related activities. ! FURTHER INFORMATION



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name a few. FAB is also currently engaged with a number of pilot projects involving the fleets behind household names. FAB’s grading policy which utilises the American Recyclers Association method, has been welcomed wholeheartedly from the UK’s accident and repair industry. Grading is critical to the ultimate success of green parts and its utilisation in vehicle repairs. The company’s customers are grateful to finally be able to purchase pre-used parts knowing that what will be delivered to them is exactly what they ordered. It’s all about living up to your customers’ expectations; parts must be of the quality specified, they must be delivered on time, at the correct price and with the appropriate paperwork. Everything at FAB

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revolves around the ‘detail’, failing to cross the T’s and dot the I’s will lead to customer dissatisfaction and ultimate failure. Exceeding customers’ expectations is what FAB has always strived to achieve. Improving people’s perception of green parts will naturally progress as more people receive parts that tick all the right boxes, and confidence will continue to grow. FAB believes it is only a matter of time before an insurer combined with an accident repair network takes the initiative and runs with a green policy offering. Vehicles outside of their warranties, five years and older vehicles and fleets looking to reduce their crash repair bills are all prime candidates for green parts. There are literally hundreds of thousands out there on our roads. FURTHER INFORMATION Tel: 01594 827 333

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Vehicle Recycling

A new drive to get more vehicles recycled A recent report by Policy Exchange and King’s College London, Up in the Air, included diesel scrap schemes as part of its ten point plan. GreenFleet examines its campaign and how the motoring industry is reacting With recycling targets changing from 85 per cent to a more stringent target of 95 per cent at the start of last year, vehicle recycling and replacing vehicle parts should be a major consideration for manufacturers. Up in the Air campaigns for the creation of a diesel scrappage scheme, providing grants to motorists to take diesel cars and vans off the road and replace them with lower emission alternatives such as petrol or electric. There are already financial incentives in place to discourage the purchase of new diesel vehicles, but, as of yet, there remains a residual issue concerning the 10.7 million diesel cars already on the road in the UK. The campaign suggests that additional policy intervention is required to accelerate the replacement of existing diesel vehicles. This can be achieved, whilst avoiding penalising existing diesel owners, by offering a scrappage grant to those who choose to replace an older diesel vehicle early. No such incentive scheme has been in place since 2009-2010, whereby a grant of £1,000 towards the purchase of a new vehicle when a car or van was scrapped and manufacturers matched the £1,000, giving a total of £2,000 off the list price of a new vehicle. Such a scheme is yet to gain government backing. At the end of April, The Telegraph reported that the government did consider the use of scrappage schemes when drawing up its air quality strategy, but eventually deemed it ‘ineffective and prohibitively expensive’. A more targeted and proportionate approach was favoured instead, looking at clean air zones, but the question remains whether there is there merit in revisiting similar incentives?

nal Additioy polic n tio intervenired is requ te the lera to acce cement scrap back into repla g diesel the production in process during of exist icles 2015/16. The English h ve manufacturer predicts

A one year success The Jaguar XE has just celebrated its first full year of sales. While this landmark would usually go unnoticed, at least in the media’s gaze, the first year provides a reason to be cheerful for one of the automotive industry’s less observed efforts. In that time, ’REALCAR’, the pioneering recycled aluminium project that contributes to the awarding winning saloon’s aluminium-intensive body has reached a significant milestone. Jaguar Land Rover has reclaimed over 50,000 tonnes of aluminium

that this has prevented more than 500,000 tonnes of CO2 equivalent from entering the atmosphere by not using primary aluminium material. The figures are a result of project ‘REALCAR’ which involves 11 UK press shops implementing a closed-loop, segregating waste aluminium scrap so that it can be sent back into production to be re-melted into recycled aluminium sheet for use in Jaguar Land Rover vehicles. The Jaguar Land Rover-led research project, part funded by Innovate UK, also saw the development of a recycled aluminium-based alloy which can accept a higher percentage of the recovered scrap. In 2014, the Jaguar XE became the first car in the world to use this innovative high-strength aluminium alloy, developed by project partner Novelis. More than £7 million has been invested across Jaguar Land Rover’s own Halewood, Castle Bromwich and Solihull press shops to install intricate segregation systems to

capture and distribute the aluminium scrap for re-melting, reducing waste, retaining higher quality and value in the material. Recovering aluminium in this way offers huge sustainability benefits, with aluminium recycling requiring up to 95 per cent less energy than primary aluminium production. Nick Rogers, group engineering director, said: “Innovation is at the heart of everything we do at Jaguar Land Rover. We are driven by the desire to produce increasingly world-class, light-weight, vehicles, but we also want to be world leading in how we build them. “Innovative projects such as REALCAR demonstrate our commitment to meeting our sustainability challenges head-on. Its success so far marks a significant step towards our goal of having up to 75 per cent recycled aluminium content in our vehicle body structures by 2020.” The structural grade of recycled aluminium has since been tested and introduced in the lightweight aluminium bodies of the All-New Jaguar XF and F-PACE models. ! FURTHER INFORMATION



Road Test

Viva la eco-revolución

Written by Tommy Newell

Vauxhall’s revived Viva model is a responsive and practical option for urban driving. Tommy Newell examines the benefits of the ecoFLEX option The new Viva pays homage to its distant relative, originally produced from 1963 to 1979, but with updated aesthetics that are sure to catch more than one or two glances when dashing around town. Vauxhall has marketed the Viva as the latest model to display its ‘sculptured, precise design philosophy’, and, looking at the exterior, its hard to question that evaluation. Clean exterior details The vehicle benefits from clean detailing and strong feature lines that swoop down the side and onto the doors, with distinctive chrome detailing on the front grille. Our test car was the ecoFLEX model in the bold ‘Fresh Green’ colourway. This version gets a slightly extended lip on the front bumper and a new black roof spoiler – which works to channel air flow. Given the exterior aesthetics and bold colouring, one could be forgiven for thinking the Viva ecoFLEX would command a higher starting price than £8,570. The model we drove came with the air conditioning option, too, boosting the total price to £9,065, including number plates, delivery to dealer, 12 months VED and new vehicle first registration fee. Driving the car around the busy streets of London, it was clear to see the attention garnered by both its slick finish and bright green paint job, giving it an unmistakable presence on the road – and also making it extremely easy to find in busy car parks. Drivers need not fear if such bold colouring is not their cup of tea, as Vauxhall offers the Viva in ten different exterior paint options, ranging from simple ’Sovereign Silver’ and ‘Titanium Grey’ to ‘Mystic Violet’ and ’Sparkling Blue’ which means there should be something to please every taste.

behind the driver’s seat. While the Viva may be capable of fitting five people, it may not be the most comfortable ride if all five of those happen to be average-sized adults. It would probably be a safer suggestion to say that it can easily fit a family, or is suitable for carrying up to five adult passengers for shorter journeys around town. The boot may not offer the kind of space needed for a set of golf clubs, but it provides a decent 206-litre volume to fit a number of bags or holdalls, making the car more than suitable for weekend trips. Functional interior styling The Viva’s interior doesn’t quite live up to its glamorous exterior, offering what is probably best described as a functional aesthetic. While not displeasing to the eye, the simple plastics that cover the dash and door panels are not likely to be a major selling point. However, the utilitarian ‘no fuss’ look is comparable to other vehicles in its class starting at a similar price and is by no means a reason to dismiss the small Vauxhall. Additionally, the materials do give a clean look and are noticeably sturdy to the touch, giving a robust feel to the vehicle that definitely doesn’t seem cheap. The front windows are electrically-operated but the rear ones are not – giving no option of control from the driver’s seat. Additionally, there are limited storage compartments inside, with none available behind the front seats for passengers in the rear. However, features like an AUX-in port and steering wheel mounted audio controls do make an appearance and are a welcome addition.

The ll Vauxhactical pra Viva is ers good and offedentials – r green cid contender l it’s a so ose looking for th compact for a car city

Making room for passengers Stepping into the front seat the car feels more spacious than from its outside appearance. With a fully adjustable seat and tiltable steering column, it was easy to find a comfortable driving position, with plenty of room for larger drivers that may exercise caution when looking at smaller cars. It is marketed as ‘designed for modern, everyday life with room for up to five people’ and standing at 3.68 metres long it does offer a fair amount of space for a compact city car. The back seats also offer a surprising amount of space and leg room for rear passengers, and the majority of people up to six feet tall should be able to fit comfortably


Smooth urban performance When starting a journey the first thing one notices is the surprising pick up from a standstill. The ecoFLEX comes equipped with an 1.0-litre three cylinder petrol engine with maximum torque of 70lb ft/95Nm, which is capable of reaching a top speed of 106mph and accelerating from 0-60mph in 13.1 seconds. Off the line the Viva is surprisingly quick and never gave me the feeling of being ‘left behind’ at traffic lights. Across urban roads it had more than enough power to keep up with traffic and the responsive handling reacted well to any number of sharp turns or lane


changes. Combined with its compact size, the light handling also took the stress out of squeezing into tight parking spaces. Vauxhall claims that the Viva’s engine ‘has better running characteristics and noise emission than some four-cylinder units’, which is down to its key focus on resonance reduction, the integration of exhaust manifold into the cylinder head to further reduce noise and a sound-absorbing cam cover. This certainly appeared to be true while meandering around town, as the engine noise was minimal and the drive couldn’t be described as anything except smooth. On the open road When taken onto more open roads and motorways, the limitations of the small engine do start to show, although no more than would be expected from a car of its size. It is capable of keeping apace with vehicles on UK motorways and accelerating up from 30-40mph urban limits after merging is relatively painless, although, as one may expect, the pick up in the mid range is not world beating. The engine does start to get more vocal at higher speeds, and wind and road noise are also much more noticeable, but the cruise control worked seamlessly and definitely added to the car’s drivability on open roads. Good efficiency The ecoFLEX variant boasts a fuel economy of 52.3mpg in urban driving and 76.3mpg in extra-urban driving – for a combined figure of 65.7mpg – with CO2 emissions of 99g/km. Through my 152 miles with the car the Viva ecoFLEX managed a real-world average fuel economy of 47.3mpg and, while I acknowledge the majority of this was in the perpetually unfavourable conditions that both the Blackwall and Dartford crossings never fail to produce, I was hoping to break 50mpg and get a little closer to the 60mpg mark. The performance achieved didn’t quite match the official figures, but still places the Viva in a position of good efficiency and fairly low running costs, which would likely be improved if driven in areas with slightly more favourable conditions. Good green credentials All in all, the Viva is a practical and fun option that offers good green credentials and punches above its weight in terms of exterior styling, giving a very refined look for its price tag. It will likely be a solid contender for anyone looking for a compact car, especially for use on urban and suburban roads, where the Viva ecoFLEX really comes into its own. ! FURTHER INFORMATION


999cc, three-cylinder petrol


Road Test

Vauxhall Viva SE 1.0 ecoFLEX

The 2016 Vauxhall Viva is green, not only in colour




MPG (combined):


GF MPG (combined):



Band A, £0




£8,570 (inc VAT, £9,065 as tested)

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The original Vauxhall Viva was produced from 1963 to 1979 The latest Vauxhall Viva’s interior offers study functionality


Road Test

Polo’s petrol prudence The latest Polo BlueMotion switches to petrol power, consigning its diesel predecessor to the history books. More in keeping with current market trends, GreenFleet finds that the new economically-minded version of VW’s small car enjoys improved refinement but keeps its frugal nature Long before the ‘Dieselgate’ scandal rocked the automotive world in September 2015, Volkswagen had undertaken a long development programme to make its petrol engines more efficient and therefore cleaner. The Polo FSI was the first petrol-powered VW passenger car to use direct injection technology in 2003, and used a similar combustion technique to that found in its TDI-engined diesel cars – it was claimed that the quantity and spray pattern of fuel injected was controlled and brought the petrol engine closer to the efficiency of a diesel unit. Compared with other petrol engines of equivalent power, it was also mooted that petrol direct injection could provide fuel consumption improvements of around 15 per cent as well as a reduction in NOx emissions. Lower emissions The first TSI engine arrived in 2006, so 2016 celebrates a decade of engine technology with these three letters. Although not as iconic as ‘GTI’, ‘TSI’ is arguably more important, as its focuses were to improve combustion efficiency, reduce fuel consumption, and lower emissions. The first TSI engines used both a supercharger and a turbocharger, which gave responsiveness all through the rev range, while also delivering

decent performance as well as good economy. Fast forward 10 years, and the TSI technology is well embedded into Volkswagen’s contemporary range of models, as the company shifts away from diesel and announces grand plans for electrification. The much talked-about 20-strong range of electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles which will arrive by 2020 may be a little way off as yet, and with sales of diesel cars slowly falling, petrol-powered cars are selling strongly. So now just might be the right time to introduce fuel-efficient models which need filling up from the green pump.

predecessor’s (small) success and upped the ante further: CO2 emissions were now down to 91g/km, while economy increased to 80.7mpg. A stop/start system and battery regeneration helped drive its efficiency. Five years later, and with the introduction of the revised fifth-generation Polo, comes a new Polo BlueMotion. Only this time, it’s a petrol-powered. Its headline figures of 94g/km of CO2 and combined cycle fuel economy of 68.9mpg may be higher than its immediate diesel predecessor, but petrol power brings fewer NOx emissions and an image more attuned to the current climate. The first Volkswagen BlueMotion model with a petrol engine, the company has since launched a 99g/km Golf BlueMotion model which uses the same engine technology.

The , 94g/km x, O lower Nwered o petrol-pMotion TSI e Polo Blus a lot more make an the old h sense t l-engined diese del mo

Fuel-saving technology The Polo BlueMotion was the first model to showcase VW’s fuel-saving technology, and first appeared in 2006. Powered by a diesel engine, it had a combined cycle fuel economy figure of 74.3mpg and CO2 emissions of 99g/km, it helped set the standard for efficient small cars. A new model in 2010 built on its

Optimised for efficiency Stop/start and battery regeneration systems, a heavy-duty starter as well as a battery

The BlueMotion 1.0 TSI is the cleanest petrol-engined Polo available and runs the TDI version close on emissions and economy

The fifth-generation Polo’s interior is well-built and feels like a larger car

Volkswagen’s new 1.0 TSI engine develops 94bhp in the Polo BlueMotion


and encourages more eco-friendly driving through guidance and the analysis of driving patterns. Cruise control and a multifunction computer with eco driving data also aid economy. While it’s not the ultimate in small car fun, the Polo handles nicely, feels light on its feet with nicely-weighted steering, and has generally very good body control. Aerodynamic body kit Helping the Polo BlueMotion TSI slip through the air is an aerodynamic body kit, with more drag-friendly front and rear bumpers and side skirts: a larger, more aero-tuned rear spoiler; a faired-in grille; and low rolling resistance 185/60 R15 tyres. Other exterior goodies include front fog lights with static cornering function, and distinctive flower-like 15-inch ‘Buenos Aires’ alloy wheels. Inside, a multifunction steering wheel; manual air conditioning; remote central locking; a front centre armrest; a driver alert system; and ‘Link’ cloth upholstery can be found. Better value for money this time around, the Polo BlueMotion TSI is based on the entry-level Polo S, but the added kit means it feels far from basic. The quality build helps here of course, with lots of soft-touch plastics and nice finishes dotted around the cabin. Prices start at £14,975 for the three-door model, with our five-door car coming in at £16,405 with the addition of carpet mats (£85), rear electric windows (£170) and ‘Reflex Silver’ metallic paint (£545). Sophisticated powertrain The new petrol-powered Polo BlueMotion makes a lot more sense than the older diesel-engined model. The more sophisticated powertrain delivers on refinement (suiting the Polo’s premium image better) and offers


999cc, three-cylinder petrol


Road Test

with improved deep cycle performance are now standard features of all Polos and come under the ‘BlueMotion Technology’ umbrella. Not to be confused with these BlueMotion Technology variants, the ethos behind BlueMotion models is that they are as optimised as they can be in terms of efficiency. Therefore, the Polo BlueMotion TSI sits in VED Band A, and claims the honour of being the cleanest petrol Polo available. The turbocharged EU6 three-cylinder 1.0-engine is the newest in the refreshed Polo’s range, too. Developing 94bhp and 160lb ft (118Nm) of torque between 1,500 and 3,500rpm, it has willing performance for a car with environmental credentials. A 0-62mph time of 10.5 seconds and a top speed of 119mph were the preserve of ‘warm’ hatchbacks just a few years ago – let alone economical ones – and shows the speed at which the industry moves with powertrain development. The new engine is a gem, with very tractable performance from low revs right through the mid-range. A five-speed manual gearbox is standard, and has an enjoyable short-shifting ‘mechanical’ feel like that of the smaller Up city car. As with most three-cylinder units, there’s nice off-beat ‘growl’ under heavy acceleration, but the car is very quiet at cruising speeds. We didn’t manage to match Volkswagen’s claimed economy figures during our 336-mile test, recording an average real-world fuel economy figure of 54.3mpg. The Polo BlueMotion TSI is an easy car to drive with economy in mind, though – there is no ‘eco’ button as the car is as optimised as it can be. A ‘Think Blue. Trainer’ comes as standard as part of the 6.5-inch colour touchscreen ‘Composition Media’ system

Volkswagen Polo BlueMotion 1.0 TSI 94g/km



MPG (combined):


GF MPG (combined): VED:

54.3 Band A, £0




£15,605 (£16,405 as tested)

a far more relaxed driving experience, without sacrificing performance. And while it may not be as parsimonious as its TDI predecessor, economy is good, too. Company car drivers will benefit as well with a lower BIK rate of 15 per cent when compared to diesel-engined Polos. Yes, there is an even cleaner 89bhp, 93g/km 1.4-litre Polo TDI, but with a £2,000 premium over the equivalent five-door Polo BlueMotion, the sums will need to add up to recoup the initial extra outlay. Choice is all in the fiercely-fought small car market, but if an economical and well-specified petrol car appeals, the Polo BlueMotion TSI certainly fits the bill. The discontinuation of the diesel model is the one of the best things about the new car. Frugal, fiscal and now more refined – it’s the car it should have been from the off. ! FURTHER INFORMATION

Downlo ad the GreenF leet app app.g at reenfl for more t images and conten t



Download the GreenFleet app at for more images and content

Written by Richard Gooding

PHEV Diary


Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV The Outlander PHEV’s eco-conscience isn’t just for the city: this month Richard Gooding finds out that the countryside is another (almost) ideal environment for the SUV’s low emission side nature A change of scenery for the big grey Mitsubishi this month. Rather than low emission cruising through city and urban streets and stretching its battery-powered legs on the M25, this month the Outlander PHEV could be found low emission cruising among the bracken, hedges and leaf-lined tracks of Essex. Yes, I took it green-laning. Green-laning? A green lane is technically a road, but an unmade road. A vehicular right of way and quite often a challenging and mild ‘off-road’ track, green lanes criss-cross the countryside and offer owners of cars such as the Outlander a more demanding environment in which to drive, as well as a sense of adventure. Often unseen from major routes, these green-walled roads are – maybe obviously – traffic-free and the only other horse power you quite often find is that of the equine type. Countryside adventure AutoVolt magazine editor Jonathan Musk partnered me for our drive and after consulting the and websites and selecting two suitable-but-not-to-challenging routes, we set off for our countryside adventure. Fully aware of the Outlander’s more on-road capabilities and design, the first of our selected lanes presented a bigger challenge than the one we


can be heard splashing through the muddy had bargained for. An uneven rut with a much puddles, slowly covering the car in brown deeper nearside track on the brow of a small liquid, and making it look a little less city-like. hill was judged impassable without the risk of damage to the hybrid Mitsubishi. So after Raised ride height a well-judged and directed long reverse back The third and final lane again, looked well to the start of the track, we moved onto the up to the Mitsubishi’s capabilities. With its next route. A shame, as the ford which was at raised ride height and SUV-style body, the the foot of the hill looked quite enticing... hybrid Outlander also has four-wheel After dismissing our original drive which can be locked on to second lane for being slightly provide even more traction too far away, its replacement The i h s when needed. A long way looked much more up i b Mitsu PHEV into the final track, we had the Mitsubishi’s ‘green’ r e d n a to call on it. Much like the street. Largely flat, with l t Ou urth o f unsuccessful first lane, a few undulations, the e h t is o t e l deep rut on the nearside Outlander handled it with c i h ve of the track proved ease. Never approaching plug-in ve sales e impassable and as the even the urban speed i h c a units Mitsubishi’s wheel sank 0 limit, we passed the 0 0 , 0 of 10 ldwide into the mud, we knew we leafy branches in almost were done for. I pressed the absolute silence. That’s the wor ‘Twin Motor 4WD Lock’ button main benefit of being in an in the centre console to increase the electric or part-electric car such as the all-terrain performance from the Twin Motor Outlander when in the countryside: wildlife is 4WD system, but to no avail – we were well undisturbed – we saw a brace of pheasants and truly stuck. Jonathan bravely stepped out who seemed unflustered by the slow-moving of the car and loaded the mud-filled rut with car – and farmers and other byway users are broken branches and logs but it still wasn’t more amenable, a fact we would appreciate enough. And with the farmer wanting to get a little while later… Also, with almost no through and go back down the track to where noise emanating from the car itself, the tyres



1,998cc four-cylinder petrol with 2 x 60kW electric motors and 12kWh battery


Quiet progress makes Outlander PHEV ideal for wildlife watching

Silent running means wildlife and other countryside users are undisturbed



32.5 miles (electric only), 541 miles (hybrid mode)


£38,499 (inc VAT, after government PiCG grant, £39,549 as tested)


February 2016






156 3.23 miles/kWh

Jonathan Musk

FUEL COSTS THIS MONTH: £113.18 COSTS THIS MONTH: that physically able. It’s a four-wheeled ‘mild’ green-lane machine with a conscience and coped impressively. What we really needed, though, was the super-tough and wide-arched Outlander PHEV which competed in the 670km-long 2015 Baja Portalegre 500 Rally...

we’d passed him a little while earlier, the pressure was on. There was nothing else for it, I’d have to reverse out of the rut and risk (mildly) damaging the car. With higher ‘revs’ and a slightly heavier right foot, I engaged reverse and – with a small crunch – we were out. Jonathan stayed out of the car to guide me and we started our traverse back down the long and narrow track to its beginning. We pulled over to let the farmer display the abilities of a true and more rugged four-wheel drive vehicle as his big-tyred quad bike bounced past, and 10 minutes of reversing later, we were back where we started. On inspection of the car, the small rubber ‘under-spoiler’ which runs the whole width under the front of the car was having down, having broken at one end. Once I got home, some electrical tape and determination fixed it temporarily, but it will need to go in to a local Mitsubishi dealer to have the middle section replaced. What the enjoyable experience taught us is – maybe obviously – a ‘proper’ off-roader such as a Land Rover is more attuned to dealing with more challenging off-road situations, but with its near-silent running and cabin comfort, the Outlander PHEV proves there is a small market for those conservationists who want to see wildlife close-up but who maybe aren’t

PHEV Diary

Logbook: month four 2016 Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV GX4hs

Glut of longer journeys Back on the black stuff, the Outlander is continuing to perform its duties with aplomb. It’s covered the most miles per month so far – 1,013 – but also has incurred the most fuel costs so far, too. A glut of longer journeys with little time or no accessible charging points has meant that I’ve run on petrol much more than I’d like, with three fill-ups this month. The public EV-charging infrastructure has been tested again this month, with two stops at rapid chargers on Ecotricity’s ‘Electric Highway’ and again, the experiences were positive. More still needs to be done, though – at Clacket Lane Services I had no other fellow drivers charging while at Birchanger Services near Stansted Airport, five cars were waiting for me and a Nissan Leaf owner to leave the pair of bays. I also took the hybrid Mitsubishi to see my folks in Suffolk and used the excellent Zap-Map ( to look at possible charging locations in Lowestoft. The result? A disappointing two, and neither offered CHAdeMO capability. So again, petrol was used once the available range had depleted. We’re now around halfway through the Outlander’s time with us, and this month due to the longer journeys and less charging, the


average miles per gallon figure has dipped to 104.2. Electricity consumption this month has been 3.23 miles/kwh. I have – finally! – achieved four leaves on the ‘eco-meter’, though, which appears in the selectable information display ahead of the driver. Up until now, I’ve only ever ‘scored’ three. Minor issues A couple of minor issues have raised their heads this month. While the Outlander PHEV’s pre-heating feature via the remote app is a fantastic and time-saving thing, it causes WV65 YUO’s alarm to repeatedly go off unless the car is unlocked and the door opened and closed. Mitsubishi thinks that the sensitivity of the warning system itself is thought to be too high. A simple thing to fix, the car will need to go in and have it turned down a notch. There also seems to be no capacity to save driver settings: every time I drive the car, I switch off the oversensitive lane departure warning system and select ‘Eco’ mode to aid green driving. It would be nice not to have to carry out the ‘pre-flight’ checking sequence before every trip, but it really is a very tiny blot on the car’s functionality. If you should know how to bypass the focused start-up procedure, or if you’re an Outlander PHEV owner or driver who wants to inform others of your experiences, please do get in touch. Email richard. or ping me a message on Twitter at @richgoodingcom. !

Mitsubishi entered an uprated Outlander PHEV in the 2015 Baja Portalegre 500 Rally to really test its off-road capabilities



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Aiming to halve corporate emissions and save £140,000* on contract hire and fuel. By quitting a conventional fleet for petrol full hybrids, Nick is helping to cut Itec’s CO2, NOx and particulate emissions by 50%. Thanks to lower BIK, drivers will also pocket average tax savings worth £1,200 each over the next three years. And, as contract hire and fuel costs will also fall by £140,000, Nick can breathe easy too.

Read Nick’s story at

* Saving based on switching original VW diesel fleet to Toyota and Lexus hybrids.

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