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AIR QUALITY & CLEAN FLEETS ClientEarth shares examples of public sector organisations successfully tackling air pollution



Diesel Particulate Filters come under greater focus


Commercial GreenFleet The latest news and features surrounding the commercial vehicle industry. See inside



The DVSA explains its Earned Recognition Scheme




The Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV is a different animal. It delivers up to 166mpg2, with an electric range of up to 33 miles and a combined electric and petrol range of up to 542 miles3. It charges fully in just a few hours using a domestic plug socket4, a home charge unit or one of over 11,000 UK-wide Charge Points – plus it’s exempt from the London Congestion Charge5 and its first year of road tax. And with ultra-low CO2 emissions and substantial reductions in Benefit in Kind taxation1, this 4WD SUV legend continues its journey onwards as the UK’s leading selling plug-in hybrid.

Compare the tax savings of running a Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV as your company car against these market leaders.


























































FROM £32,305 - £43,555 Including £2,500 Government Plug-in Car Grant6

Find out more. Search PHEV | Visit to find your nearest dealer 1. 13% BIK compared to the average rate of 30% for the other vehicles shown. 13% BIK rate for the 2018/19 tax year. 2. Official EU MPG test figure shown as a guide for comparative purposes and is based on the vehicle being charged from mains electricity. This may not reflect real driving results. 3. Up to 33 mile EV range achieved with full battery charge. 542 miles achieved with combined full battery and petrol tank. Actual range will vary depending on driving style and road conditions. 4. Domestic plug charge: 5 hours, 16 Amp home charge point: 3.5 hours, 80% rapid charge: 25mins. 5. Congestion Charge application required, subject to administrative fee. 6. On The Road prices shown include the Government Plug-in Car Grant and VAT (at 20%) and First Registration Fee. Model shown is a 18MY Outlander PHEV 4hs with pearlescent paint at £39,605 including the Government Plug-in Car Grant. On The Road prices for an Outlander PHEV range from £32,305 to £43,555 and include VED, First Registration Fee and the Government Plug-in Car Grant. Metallic/pearlescent paint extra. Prices correct at time of going to print. For more information about the Government Plug-in Car Grant please visit The Government Plug-in Car Grant is subject to change at any time, without prior notice. Fuel figures shown are official EU test figures, to be used as a guide for comparative purposes and may not reflect real driving results.

Outlander PHEV range fuel consumption in mpg (ltrs/100km): Full Battery Charge: no fuel used, Depleted Battery Charge: 51.4mpg (5.5), Weighted Average: 166.1mpg (1.7), CO2 emissions: 41 g/km.





AIR QUALITY & CLEAN FLEETS ClientEarth shares examples of public sector organisations successfully tackling air pollution


Commercial GreenFleet The latest news and features surrounding the commercial vehicle industry. See inside



Local authority air quality work


Diesel Particulate Filters come under greater focus

The DVSA explains its Earned Recognition Scheme


Visit nflee video e e r g e v ti a rm for info tent on t con tal flee nmen enviro agement man



Follow and interact with us on Twitter: @GreenFleetNews

Earlier this year, the UK government lost its third air pollution case, as the judge ruled the government’s air pollution plans ‘unlawful’. The ruling required local authorities to identify measures to tackle air pollution in 33 towns and cities as soon as possible.

GreenFleet Scotland takes place on 4 May. Read the preview on page 23

But the government has also been accused of putting too much responsibility on the shoulders of over-stretched local authorities, without much clarity on what they should be doing. While the government is finalising its air quality plans, there are many examples of leadership from local authorities across the UK who are tackling air pollution, without much guidance. ClientEarth’s Dominic Phinn shares some examples and gives an update on the air quality battle, on page 43. This is part of our Public Sector Focus, which also looks at Dundee City Council’s work to promote electric vehicles and Sheffield City Council’s alternatively-fuelled highways maintenance fleet. Angela Pisanu, editor

P ONLINE P IN PRINT P MOBILE P FACE-TO-FACE If you would like to receive 10 issues of GreenFleet magazine for £250 a year, please contact Public Sector Information Limited, 226 High Road, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 GreenFleet® would like to thank the following organisations for their support:


226 High Rd, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 Fax: 020 8532 0066 Web: EDITOR Angela Pisanu FEATURES AND ROAD TEST EDITOR Richard Gooding PRODUCTION CONTROL Ella Sawtell PRODUCTION DESIGN Jo Golding WEB PRODUCTION Victoria Casey PUBLISHER George Petrou ACCOUNT MANAGERS Kylie Glover, Dean Cassar ADMINISTRATION Vickie Hopkins, Bella Chapman REPRODUCTION & PRINT Argent Media

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Our exceptional choice of world-leading hybrids helps you reduce emissions and save money. For a test drive or more information call 0344 701 6186 or visit


Contents GreenFleet 113 17

07 News

New biofuel targets to double use of sustainable renewable fuels; AA pushes grey fleet duty-of-care awareness; searches for alternatively-fuelled vehicles hits all-time high

13 MOT changes 23

From 20 May, MOT tests are changing and diesel vehicles will receive a major fault if there is evidence that the Diesel Particulate Filter has been tampered with

17 Adblue

AdBlue is a crucial element in making diesel engines comply with Euro 6 legislation

38 Commercial GreenFleet: CV roundtable Telematics, connectivity and autonomous vehicles were debated in the afternoon session of GreenFleet’s Commercial Vehicle Roundtable, which took place on 23 March at London’s Tower Bridge

40 Commercial GreenFleet: Commercial Vehicle Show The 2018 Commercial Vehicle Show took place from 24-26 April and showcased many new debuts from manufacturers, as well as the official launch of the DVSA’s Earned Recognition Scheme Sponsored by

19 Mobility panel

Our panelists discuss how new models of ‘business mobility’ can improve air quality


23 GreenFleet Scotland

GreenFleet Scotland returns to the Royal Highland Centre on 4 May to allow fleet managers to test drive the latest low and zero‑emission vehicles and hear about Scotland’s air quality work

24 edie Live

edie Live 2018 takes place at the NEC, Birmingham on 22-23 May


27 Commercial GreenFleet: news

DVSA launches Earned Recognition Scheme; ULEMCo showcases hydrogen‑fuelled combustion engine truck

31 Commercial GreenFleet: logistics

The FTA’s Christopher Snelling discusses recent government announcements to help lower the emissions of commercial vehicles

43 Public sector focus: air quality

While we wait for the government to finalise its air quality plans, there are a number of encouraging examples of leadership coming from public sector organisations around the country

48 Public sector focus: fleet interview

Sheffield City Council’s highways maintenance project, Streets Ahead, has a growing alternatively‑fuelled fleet, including hydrogen vans and electric vehicles

51 Public sector focus: Drive Dundee Electric

Dundee has been described as leading the way with its electrical vehicle infrastructure and uptake, making it one of the most EV‑friendly places in the UK

55 First drive: Volkswagen Passat SE Business 1.4 TSI Long served by diesel engines, VW’s Passat has looked to its past with a new range of petrol units now available to tempt fleet drivers

35 Commercial GreenFleet: Earned Recognition Scheme 56 Road test: Vauxhall The DVSA’s Earned Recognition Scheme, Insignia Tech Line Nav which was launched on 24 April, 1.6 110 Turbo D ecoTEC allows commercial vehicle operators 55

to prove they meet driver and vehicle standards. Gordon Macdonald, the DVSA’s head of enforcement policy, explains how it works

GreenFleet magazine

Richard Gooding discovers the latest fleet‑friendly Insignia Grand Sport promises low emissions with added upmarket style Volume 113 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE


We’ll keep your fleet working for you

From 24-hour breakdown cover to accident assistance, mobile tyre fitting to technical mobility solutions that help optimise vehicle performance, we’ll keep your fleet on the road.

Talk to us today about Business Breakdown Cover Call 0800 294 2994 Or visit



New biofuel targets to double use of sustainable renewable fuels The Department for Transport has announced new regulations designed to double the use of sustainable fuels by 2020 as part of plans to reduce carbon emissions and make the transport sector more sustainable. New biofuel targets came into force on 15 April 2018 and will double the use of renewable fuels in the UK transport sector within 15 years. Changes to the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) will mean

owners of transport fuel who supply at least 450,000 litres a year or more, need to make sure the mix is at least 12.4 per cent biofuel by 2032. Previously, suppliers were only expected to meet a target of 4.75 per cent biofuel. The government is also challenging the sector to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by six per cent by 2020. Transport Minister Jesse Norman said: “The changes we are introducing will double our carbon emissions

savings from the RTFO scheme by doubling the use of renewable fuels and reducing reliance on imported fossil diesel. “This will deliver emissions savings equal to taking hundreds of thousands of cars off the road.” READ MORE


Nissan LEAF gets five stars in new Euro NCAP tests Results for the first car to go through the Euro NCAP test programme this year have been released, with the zero-emission Nissan LEAF achieving a five-star Euro NCAP rating for safety. 2018 has seen several new additions to Euro NCAP testing. Key to the new programme is the introduction of tests to assess the performance of Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB) systems which can detect cyclists. Matthew Avery, director of research, Thatcham Research comments: “Safety campaigners have raised concerns about

noise, or rather the lack of it, in fully electrified vehicles – especially in urban driving environments. This is why standard‑fit AEB systems that can detect Vulnerable Road Users should be fundamental to any electric vehicle’s suite of safety technologies – as the Nissan LEAF demonstrates.” Avery also highlighted the performance of the Nissan LEAF in impact testing: “Nissan has done a great job considering the additional challenges pure electric propulsion presents. Chief amongst those is the additional weight an electric battery brings, which must also be protected in the event of a crash. “In none of the impact tests did we see any compromise of the battery. In fact, the Nissan LEAF achieved maximum points in the side pole crash test, showing good containment of the battery.” READ MORE


£4.7m project to test self-driving vehicles in difficult traffic situations The Centre for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles has awarded £4.7 million to The AutopleX consortium, led by Jaguar Land Rover, to significantly enhance autonomous vehicle (AV) capabilities in difficult traffic situations. AutopleX brings together private sector, public sector and academic stakeholders, and multiple data sources to tackle one of the biggest challenges facing successful AV deployment: navigating complex road patterns and traffic conditions. Consortium members include Jaguar Land Rover, INRIX, Highways England, Ricardo, Siemens, Transport for West Midlands (TfWM) and University of Warwick.

The AutopleX project will advance the capability of AV technologies by combining three distinct data sources – on-vehicle sensors, information from/to infrastructure and real-time local dynamic mapping – to improve perception of a vehicle navigating complex junctions. AutopleX will develop fully- and semi-automated vehicle technologies through simulation and public road testing both on motorways and in urban environments in the West Midlands. READ MORE


Sale of electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles rises 16 per cent Figures by Go Ultra Low shows that electric and plug-in vehicles are growing in popularity, as registrations increase by 16 per cent compared to the same quarter in 2017. The first three months of this year saw 13,327 new cars registered to UK drivers. In 2017, 46,000 new plug-in vehicles were on the road, adding to this quarters figures, the total number of plug-in cars on the road is 147,431. Poppy Welch, head of Go Ultra Low, said: “This continuous growth in the plug-in market shows no signs of slowing down. “Month after month, we are seeing registrations increase, demonstrating that the public appetite for plug-in motoring is growing. With the range of pure electric cars constantly increasing and plug-in hybrids continuing to offer the best of both worlds, it’s getting easier for motorists to see the benefits of electric motoring. READ MORE




Boyden Tiles adopts Lightfoot to reduce accident rates and improve safety Boyden Tiles is one of the UK’s largest suppliers and importers of ceramic-related products. It is a wholly family-owned business with 50 members of staff and processes 1,000 tonnes of products through its warehouses each month. Boyden Tiles made the decision to adopt Lightfoot to reduce accident rates and improve safety, which are both proven results of the Lightfoot technology. Boyden Tiles started with a “blind period”, during which Lightfoot did not provide drivers with any feedback in-cab. This data was then compared to the “live trial”, during which the Lightfoot device provided the driver with both audible and visual feedback in real time to encourage a smoother driving style. During the blind period, only 40 per cent of drivers were “Elite Drivers” (scoring 85 per cent and above). However, once their devices were live, 100 per cent of drivers reached Elite status, demonstrating how much positive impact Lightfoot’s in-cab feedback has on the driver. Paul Nightingale, operations manager at Boyden Tiles, comments: “By far my favourite thing about Lightfoot is the live interactive feedback it provides, which helps our drivers to improve almost immediately. We initially thought it would be difficult for our drivers to change their driving style, however, due to this immediate feedback, we saw significant results in just a few days.” Lightfoot has a proven impact in reducing accident rates, which Boyden Tiles has been experiencing since the devices went live. The frequency of incidents of dangerous driving has been reduced by 100 per cent, which has resulted in fewer accidents, reduced vehicle wear and tear and improved overall safety on the roads. While Lightfoot is significantly improving Boyden Tiles’ accident rates and overall safety, it is also increasing their fuel efficiency and, as a result, reducing the harmful emissions they produce. Since installing Lightfoot, they have seen fuel savings of 11.5 per cent, which is a significant reduction that will have a positive impact on the business. Lightfoot has recently launched a new initiative called Fleet Manager of The Week, which enters the managers of the most highly-performing fleets into a weekly prize draw. Paul Nightingale was a recent winner, receiving a Hubsan Quadcopter. Prizes range from gadgets like the Amazon Echo to experiences such as supercar track days, and these serve as motivation for managers to make sure their drivers fully understand Lightfoot, including how to get the most out of it and why it’s worthwhile for them to do so.


AA pushes grey fleet duty-of-care awareness Employers, fleet and HR managers should be exercising their duty of care to help their grey fleets to stay safe and legal when driving for work, says the AA. Approximately 14 million drivers use their own vehicles for work in the UK, but many employers are unaware of their duty of care in the event of an accident. Organisations can be prosecuted for corporate manslaughter if an employee is involved in a fatal crash while driving their vehicle for work. But nearly half of fleet managers consider grey fleet management as ‘unimportant’, according to Grosvenor Leasing research. “Driving is the most dangerous activity for most workers during

office hours,” says Stuart Thomas, director of fleet and SME services at the AA. “But if your contractor were to have an accident while out on business, would you know who was liable?” The AA says it is also vital for drivers to understand the importance of responsive and responsible driving, including the correct use of technology. Since the government increased driving penalties for offences including mobile phone use and speeding, responsible driving has risen in significance as an issue for grey fleets. READ MORE


Volvo aiming for 50 per cent electric sales by 2025


Volvo Cars aims for fully electric cars to make up 50 per cent of its sales by 2025, the company announced at the Beijing Auto Show. The announcement builds on Volvo Cars’ 2017 announcement that all new models released from 2019 will be available as either a mild hybrid, plug-in hybrid or battery electric vehicle.



The Beijing Auto Show marks the first time the Volvo has displayed only plug-in hybrid vehicles at an auto show. It also marks the first public appearance for the T5 plug-in hybrid version of the new XC40 (pictured above). READ MORE



Searches for alternatively‑fuelled vehicles hit all-time high The proportion of searches for alternatively‑fuelled vehicles on Auto Trader ( has hit a record high of five per cent in March, up from four per cent in January and February. The most popular electric model based on search volume was the Nissan LEAF, and the most popular hybrid model was the Toyota Auris. Whilst new diesel registrations continue to fall, prices for used diesels are increasing and recorded year-on-year growth of three per cent in March. Though broadly in line with the three per cent growth recorded in January and February, March saw the highest level of price growth since May 2015. However, the proportion of searches for diesel vehicles on Auto Trader decreased in March, from 53 per cent to a record low of 51 per cent.

Searches for diesel vehicles have fallen dramatically in recent years, dropping from 71 per cent in November 2016. On average, 21 per cent of all searches that take place on Auto Trader each month are based on fuel type. Although diesel remains the most searched‑for fuel type, the proportion of searches for petrol vehicles increased last month from 43 per cent to 45 per cent. Growth in used petrol prices continues to outstrip diesel, with year-on-year growth of 10 per cent in March. The average cost of a used petrol car last month stood at £10,712, a £21 month-on-month decrease, but a significant £1,704 jump compared to March 2017. READ MORE


BMW unveils electric Concept iX3 SUV at Auto China BMW has revealed its BMW Concept iX3, an electric SUV based on its X3 compact crossover, at the 2018 Beijing motor show. BMW Concept iX3 sees the German manufacturer use the concept study based on the BMW X3 Sports Activity Vehicle (SAV). The electric motor generates maximum output in excess of 200 kW/270bhp and its high-voltage battery enables an electric range in the WLTP test cycle of over 400 kilometres (249 miles). BMW’s presence at the Auto

China 2018 show in Beijing underlines the company’s commitment to the next steps in its electrification strategy. The all-electric drivetrain leads the fifth generation of BMW eDrive technology. A flexible vehicle architecture will allow every model in the line-up to be fitted with a combustion engine, a plug-in hybrid system or a battery-electric drive unit. READ MORE

LowCVP’s Andy Eastlake

Headlines, hype and hard facts – so what’s really going on? There’s no doubt that the arrival of the latest ‘alternative fuel’ vehicles is having some influence on the new cars and vans we buy, but what about the make-up of our fleet overall? Well, thanks to a plethora of sensationalist sound-bites, an inundation of conflicting headlines and bold ‘forecasts’ from technology evangelists, it’s almost impossible to make sense of it all. But thankfully, the UK government do publish a range of statistics that put the hard facts on the table (without trying to sell us anything), helping us to understand how the overall move to a lower-emission UK fleet is really progressing. The latest vehicle licensing data for 2017 was published earlier in April and makes interesting reading, with a number of ‘firsts’: we’ve more cars on the UK’s roads than ever before (over 32 million at the end of 2017, 58.8 per cent of which are petrol and 39.6 per cent diesel); and for the first time there are now more pure electric than gas cars (46,000 pure electric v 32,000 LPG and CNG). However, these together still only make up 0.2 per cent of our total fleet, with Hybrids (of all types) being 1.3 per cent. Hybrids and electric are the fastest growing sector too, with over a 30 per cent year on year increase. The vast majority of these hybrids are petrol powered (with or without a plug). Just as importantly, the average age of our cars is now the highest it has ever been at 8.1 years old, with 70 per cent of the fleet now more than 4 years old. Interestingly, the average age of our petrol cars is 9.1 years, compared to only 6.6 years for diesels, which may have implications for our policies on air quality and carbon – as irrespective of the headlines you might read, the older your vehicle the more polluting and less efficient it really is. The van fleet remains the fastest growing of any sector and has seen a 75 per cent increase over the last 20 years. This fleet is almost entirely (97 per cent) diesel powered, but interestingly over 3,000 petrol LGVs were sold last year, more than we have seen since 2005, so perhaps even this market is embracing new options – which is no bad thing since the average age of a petrol LGV within our fleet is currently 28 years! So where does this leave us? I guess the key message is that our vehicle numbers are continuing to grow, with ever-more exciting new technology options available to buy – but the switch to an alternatively fuelled fleet is going to take many years to realise, without a more radical approach to vehicle policies and lifetime use patterns.





Pilot scheme proposed to increase electric charge points in Wales Cardiff Council is planning to start a new pilot scheme to increase the number of electric vehicle charging points in the Welsh Capital. The aim of the pilot is to understand the demand and locations for electrical charging infrastructure in Cardiff and apply for grant funding and opportunities with the private sector to deliver electrical charging facilities in Cardiff. This is part of measures to reduce emissions

outline in the Council’s action plan. Cabinet Member for Environment, Cllr Michael Michael said: “Electric vehicles are the most cost-effective option for small vehicles, pool cars and our smaller white vans, provided that adequate charging points are in place. There are fewer low emission options for heavier vehicles but research on the options available, including the use of hydrogen, is progressing quickly.”

The Cabinet will be asked to approve the actions and the target dates and details that are set out in the report and allow officers to bid for grant funding to ensure that both the charging and refuelling infrastructure is in place to support the uptake in low emission vehicles. READ MORE


Bentley Motors Cheshire HQ gets UK’s largest solar carport Bentley Motors’ manufacturing headquarters in Crewe, Cheshire, is having a large scale solar carport installed. The six-month project from Solar carport specialist FlexiSolar is due to complete in September 2018. It is set to become the UK’s largest solar carport system to date, featuring 10,000 solar panels with a capacity of 2.7MW. The bespoke solar structures will shelter approximately 1,378

car parking spaces at the Bentley manufacturing facility. Managing Director of FlexiSolar, Robert Carpenter said: “This large scale solar carport system is a clear example of an integrated energy solution; and one that utilises an existing parking area without sacrificing valuable land resources.”


Horsham District Council welcomes first electric taxi


J000322 - ODO March T0004 GreenFDleet Magazine 77mm x 420mm_260318.pdf


Horsham District Council has welcomed its first all-electric taxi to the District, in order to drive down emissions. The council gave Billinghurst‑based taxi firm, Jake Cars, the licence for the all‑electric vehicle at a reduced rate for the first year of operation. Cabinet member for public protection and housing, Cllr Kate Rowbottom commented: “This is an excellent 26/03/2018 15:40 opportunity for us as a council to support a local company

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actively wanting to reduce air pollution and it very much supports the Council’s commitment to being at the forefront of environmental innovations in transport.” The Council is offering its licensing discount for the first 12 months for any all‑electric private hire/taxi cab in the Horsham District. READ MORE



Company car habits revealed in Skoda’s fleet research New research from Skoda Fleet has calculated that company car drivers spend almost three years of their working lives behind the wheel. The study of 1,000 business car users, which Skoda undertakes every year, found that the average driver travels 235 miles a week and spends four hours of every week in a traffic jam. Interesting statistics about driver habits were also revealed.

Over the course of a year, a typical company car driver makes 355 hands‑free business calls, loses their temper 307 times, swears at another driver 304 times, drinks 614 teas or coffees, eats 278 sandwiches, and ends up getting lost 259 times. 32 per cent of respondents play loud music before a meeting, with The Killers’ Mr Brightside the most popular track. Henry Williams, Skoda UK’s head of

fleet, said: “The car is more than just a vehicle. For many, it’s a mobile office, so technology such as Apple CarPlay and Android Auto, a Wi-Fi-hotspot and an infotainment system that keeps you up to date with the latest news channels are as much as necessity as a ‘nice to have.” READ MORE


March decline for UK car manufacturing The latest figures from the SMMT report that UK car production declined in March, down -13.3 per cent on same month in 2017. The output for home market falls for eighth consecutive month, by -17.7 per cent, with exports also dropping -11.9 per cent. 147,471 cars were built in British factories as the domestic market continued to slow,

with demand falling -17.7 per cent. Q1 manufacturing down -6.3 per cent year on year to 440,426 units, with eight in 10 shipped overseas. The SMMT also reports that exports declined, down -11.9 per cent due to fluctuations in demand in some global markets. In addition, some manufacturers were impacted by the adverse March weather conditions which negatively affected production operations. Overall output in the first quarter of 2018 fell -6.3 per cent, with 440,426 cars leaving production lines in total this year. Almost 80 per cent of these were exported, and while demand from overseas customers fell -4.0 per cent in Q1, this was dwarfed by the -14.1 per cent decline in manufacturing for the UK market. READ MORE


ABB launches ‘world’s fastest charger’ at Hannover Messe Electrification specialist ABB has announced the launch of a 350kW system, which it claims is the world’s fastest electric vehicle charger. The Terra High Power charger can add up to 200 kilometers of range to an electric vehicle in just 8 minutes, according to the manufacturer. The new chargers, launched at Hannover Messe, are suited for use at highway rest stops and petrol stations. READ MORE





From 20 May, MOT test are changing and diesel vehicles will receive a major fault if there is evidence that the diesel particulate filter has been tampered with or if coloured smoke comes from the exhaust Rather than simply passing or failing an MoT, from 20 May new MOT tests will categorise defects as either ‘minor’, ‘major’ and ’dangerous’, depending on the type of problem and how serious it is. Major and dangerous faults will result in an automatic fail. ‘Advisories’ can also be given out, which will be items that the driver will need to monitor. The new MOT test includes the introduction of stricter checkes for cars with a diesel particulate filter (DPF), which captures and stores exhaust soot to reduce particulate emissions from diesel cars. Previously the MOT only required a visual inspection of the DPF. But the new rules will require a much greater assessment. If smoke of any colour is seen coming from the exhaust, this will mean the vehicle will be given a ‘major’ fault and will fail the test. If there is evidence to suggest that the diesel particulate filer (DPF) has been tampered with, the vehicle will also fail the MOT. The new test requirements are the result of an EU directive imposing better emissions testing and stricter vehicle checks. Why are DPFs so important? Diesels produce particulate matter that


can cause respiratory problems. In fact, it is estimated that 40,000 people die early because of health issues that arise from bad air quality – with diesel vehicle emissions being a significant cause of the pollutants. Since 2009, modern diesel cars have to be fitted with a Diesel Particulate Filter to prevent soot passing into the environment. The filters have to be ‘emptied’ to keep them in good working order, and this typically happens by itself when the car reaches high speeds for prolonged periods of time, when the exhaust temperature is high enough. The collected soot is burnt off in a process known as ‘regeneration’. Many cars also have ’active regeneration’ which is triggered when the vehicle can not achieve regeneration by itself because high speeds are not achieved. This is when engine control software senses if the filter is getting blocked and injects extra fuel into the engine to raise the exhaust temperature to trigger regeneration. A warning light will come up if the filter is blocked, but it can normally be remedied if the vehicle is driven for 10 minutes at speeds over 40mph. Under the Road Vehicles (Construction and Use) Regulations, using a vehicle which has had its DPF removed is an offence

Diesel e at Particulpture a Filters c exhaust re and stoto reduce soot issions m e e t particulam diesel fro cars

1 Pre-treated exhaust emisisons 2 Cross-section of filter element

MOT changes

Stricter MOT tests for diesels

and can incur a fine of up to £1,000 for a car or £2,500 for a light goods vehicle. According to the DVSA, around 1,800 drivers have been found to be using a vehicle without a DPF since 2014. Frank Kelly, professor of environmental health at Kings College, London, commented on the detrimental health impact caused by diesel vehicles not having a DPF. He told the BBC: ”If a DPF is removed, it takes the work being done to restrict emissions back 30 years. “A car with a DPF removed has a particulate count 20 times higher than one with it.” Other changes to MOT Additional items will be checked during the new-style MOT. Tyres will be looked at to check if they are obviously underinflated, brake fluid will be looked at to make sure it hasn’t been contaminated, and fluid leaks will be assessed to see if they pose an environmental risk. What’s more, brakes will be checked to see if there are pads or discs missing and the warning lights will be examined. Daytime running lights will be checked on vehicles first used from 1 March 2018. Reversing lights and headlight washers will also be checked. The design of the MOT certificate will change, so that defects are listed under the new categories. Drivers with vehicles with defects deemed to be dangerous that continue to drive their vehicles will risk a £2,500 fine and penalty points on their licence. Vehicles over 40 years old Cars, vans, motorcycles and other light passenger vehicles will not need to have an MOT if they’re over 40 years old and have not been substantially changed. At the moment, only vehicles first built before 1960 are exempt from needing an MOT. When the rules change on 20 May 2018, vehicles won’t need an MOT from the 40th anniversary of when they were registered. E


Vauxhall’s self‑maintenance and regenerating diesel particulate filter

3 Function of filter‑element 4 Pressure sensors 5 Temperature sensor 6 Filtration-cycle: A Filtering phase B Regeneration phase 7 Filtered exhaust emissions


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We are a family run business based in Lancashire, we have recently installed a DPF cleaning machine, This machine can Clean your DPF to within 98% its original condition. DPF Cleaning Services, Specialist Cleaning Recovery and Repair of Diesel Particulate Filters (DPF), Diesel Oxidation Catalysts (DOC) and Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) Units, For all types of Car, Commercial, Plant and Marine Applications.

If you need your DPF Cleaning get in touch 01524 382262. You can also email us Other services include: Propshaft Repairs, Suppliers of Propshafts and Components, Hydraulic Ram Repairs,Hydraulic Hose Repairs, Suppliers of Oil and Lubricants, Suppliers of Environmental Spill and Contamination Control Kits.

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MOT changes

 Drivers can check the date their vehicle was registered online at the website. The first MOT In January this year, the government decided not to increase the period before a car’s first MOT to four years – keeping it to three years due to safety concerns. The Department for Transport put out a consultation on the matter. Reasons for the possible change included the money it could save drivers, and also the fact that vehicles are a lot safer than when they were when the MOT was first introduced in 1960. Most of those that responded to the consultation on the matter were against the proposals on safety grounds, arguing that the savings to motorists were outweighed by the risk to road users and the test often highlights upcoming issues affecting the vehicle. A public survey for DfT by Populus also showed fewer than half of people were in favour of the change. The MOT test originally only required vehicles to undergo a first check after 10 years. It was changed in 1967 to three years. In 2016, more than 2.4 million cars had their first MOT test, which costs owners a maximum of £54.85. The pass rate was about 85 per cent and the most common reasons for failure include lighting, tyres and braking faults. Changing the time period until the first test would have saved motorists more than £100 million a year, according to the Department for Transport. L FURTHER INFORMATION

What the new MOT categories mean Item result

What it means about the item

How it affects your MOT result


A direct and immediate risk to road safety or has a serious impact on the environment.


Do not drive the vehicle until it’s been repaired. Major

It may affect the vehicle’s safety, put other road users at risk or have an impact on the environment.


Repair it immediately. Minor

No significant effect on the safety of the vehicle or impact on the environment.


Repair as soon as possible. Advisory

It could become more serious in the future.


Monitor and repair it is necessary. Pass

It meets the minimum legal standard.


Make sure it continues to meet the standard.



Let Quality Urea Solutions help you get up the green ladder by taking care of any AdBlue® requirements There has been a lot of talk recently in the mainstream media of the pollution caused by diesel vehicles. This has quite a lot of basis when talking about older diesel vehicles and newer diesel vehicles that have had their diesel particle filters removed and/ or their AdBlue® systems bypassed. For HGV operators there was no penalty until very recently for bypassing their AdBlue® system using an AdBlue® emulator bought for as little as £15 off the internet. These days, however, there are penalties in place to deter those tempted to circumvent the system. AdBlue® offers a low cost solution to reducing toxic nitrous dioxide, allowing diesel engines to maximise the efficient use of limited hydrocarbons. Not perfect but the only mass market solution currently available that is low cost, practical and widely available. AdBlue® could also give a leg up to petrol engines in the same way it has with diesel and give it an extended lifespan. Petrol engines are now increasing their nitrous dioxide emissions due to their higher compression ratios being used to deliver improved fuel efficiency.


As we move into a low carbon future we should heed the lessons learnt so far; any pollution legislation that is not backed up with enforcement gives the unscrupulous an advantage over those who follow the rules. How do we make sure the electric vehicles of the future run on renewable electricity? If they run on electricity generated from hydrocarbons, all we would have achieved is to increase further the carbon footprint of road transport. In the UK it has taken about 10 years to replace a third of the nation’s electricity requirement with renewable electricity – a great achievement. But for electric vehicles to be green vehicles we need 100 per cent of the electricity in the grid to be renewable. If we get 50 per cent quicker at replacing the remaining capacity in the


UK’s electricity grid, in simplistic terms, it will take us 15 more years until the UK’s electricity grid is 100 per cent renewable. At this point electric vehicles will be set free to become mainstream as electricity prices will start to drop, encouraging mass market take up. The low price of the fuel is probably the biggest driver of any vehicle propulsion technology. This can be seen from the switch from petrol to diesel. So for now we have diesel and AdBlue® so let Quality Urea Solutions help take you to the next step on the green ladder by taking care of any AdBlue® requirements. FURTHER INFORMATION Tel: 01663 734621


Understanding the use and mis-use of AdBlue AdBlue is a crucial element in making many diesel engines comply with Euro 6 legislation. An organisation’s vehicle policy therefore should include clear instructions around the use and misuse of AdBlue Many Euro 6 diesel engines require an exhaust additive called AdBlue, which converts harmful NOx emissions into nitrogen and water vapour. While it has been used in bus and truck fleets for several years, it was extended to cars and vans when the new Euro 6 legislation came into force in September 2015. AdBlue is poured into a small tank in the vehicle which is exclusively for the addictive. The liquid is injected into the selective catalyst reduction (SCR) system in the exhaust chain, where it triggers the chemical reaction. Not using AdBlue, or using it incorrectly, can cause the vehicle to brake down or not start, so warning signs should not be ignored. AdBlue itself is not expensive, but the cost of fixing a vehicle if it is not used correctly can be. The AA estimates that it dealt with around 20,000 AdBlue-related breakdowns in 2017, which shows that some drivers may still be unaware of how to use the additive. So it is a good idea to make sure that fleet managers and drivers understand what

AdBlue is, what their responsibilities are, and how to use it. Vehicle policy An organisation’s vehicle policy should include clear instructions around the use and misuse of AdBlue, as it would do for mis-fuelling petrol with diesel or adding other fluids. It should include information on what to do if an AdBlue warning comes up on the dashboard. Most vehicles should hold a sufficient quantity of AdBlue to last between scheduled servicing intervals. However, some types of journeys, such as those with frequent stopping and starting, will use up their vehicle’s AdBlue reserves more quickly and will need to be topped up. Fleet managers need to make sure that drivers are familiar with how to top up their vehicle and make sure the fluid is put in the right place. The location of the tank varies, but is often close to the diesel tank, in the boot, under the carpet, or in the engine compartment – and can usually by identified by a blue cover. A vehicle policy should also make clear who should

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pay for AdBlue. It is generally accepted that leasing companies do not cover AdBlue in their service, maintenance and repair (SMR), and so companies need to decide whether they will pay or pass it on to the driver. If they do cover the cost, they need to make clear what the re-filling process is to avoid unnecessary costs. Fleet managers should research the best place to source AdBlue – whether it be from the dealer network, retail outlets or service stations – as the chargers vary widely. For truck operators, it may make financial sense to invest in an on-site supply. A serious matter Recent news has highlighted the seriousness of using AdBlue incorrectly, and the penalties for interfering with the system. A haulage firm was recently forced to close down after it was found to have fitted a defeat device which hid the fact that it was not using AdBlue. This case lead to the West of England Traffic Commissioner, Kevin Rooney, warn other haulage operators from tampering with AdBlue systems, saying that using a defeat device can lead to double the NOx emissions. This is a huge concern given the UK’s urban air pollution problem. L


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Expert Panel: Mobility

EXPERT PANEL MOBILITY Looking at new models of ‘business mobility’ can improve air quality and ease congestion by taking vehicles off the road and facilitating the use of zero or ultra-low-emission vehilcles. Our panelists discuss Poor air quality in the UK is said to be responsible for 40,000 early deaths a year in the UK. As such, the government has been taken to court three times for failing to adequately address the problem. The government’s proposed air quality strategy says that ‘the most immediate air quality challenge is tackling the problem of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) concentrations around roads’ and that ‘road transport is responsible for some 80 per cent of NOx concentrations at roadside, with diesel vehicles the largest source in these local areas of greatest concern’. As such, the government is banning the manufacture of new, purely ICE vehicles from 2040, and is putting in place air quality improvement measures, such as clean air zones around the UK, as well as pumping money into zero and ultra-low emission vehicles and infrastructure. New ways of travelling Fleet operators make up a significant portion of road users, and therefore can make a positive impact on reducing harmful emissions by making sure they use the cleanest vehicles, drive them efficiently, and cut out unnecessary journeys. ‘Business mobility’ challenges traditional fleet ownership and looks at combining multiple modes of transport – such as car sharing, car clubs and public transport – into one journey, and accessed as one service. Vehicles, services and infrastructure need to be ‘connected’ so that live data can be shared on public transport, availability of car clubs, and so on. If convenient enough, this new way of travelling would negate the need to own a fleet of vehicles outright, which in turn, would mean less cars on the road, causing less congestion and less air pollution.

Stuart Thomas, director of fleet and SME services, the Automobile Association (AA) With more than 20 years’ experience in the fleet sector, Stuart’s extensive knowledge of the industry comes from roles across contract hire, disposal and related fleet services. His experience includes working with organisations including Nissan Finance and Lombard. Stuart joined the AA in 2000. Dan Regan, head of innovation, Lightfoot Dan’s background is electronic, automotive and clean‑tech engineering. Being responsible for maintaining Lightfoot’s market advantage through continual innovation, he has led many projects that have made Lightfoot the respected brand it is today. Dan works closely with academic, automotive and psychology departments to further develop the company’s approach. John Pryor, chairman, ACFO

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John Pryor is one of the best known personalities in the UK fleet industry. He has been chairman of ACFO, the leading UK representative body for fleet decision‑makers, since June 2014. In charge of the fleet at Arcadia Group, the leading fashion retailer, for almost 30 years, John has been an ACFO member for 20 years.

“Mobility solutions can reduce the number of vehicles on our roads and help improve congestion,” says Dan Regan, head of innovation at Lightfoot. “These models will bring huge benefit to society, improving air quality and noise pollution as we transition to new mobility models and future vehicles over the next 10-15 years.” Stuart Thomas from the AA highlights the fact that many vehicles are idle for a significant proportion of the day and so mobility makes sense. He says: “Mobilityas‑a‑service offers a range of opportunities for businesses to make savings in moving

from an ownership to a usership model of fleet management. Indeed, US transportation expert Paul Barter confirmed longstanding claims by urban planners that most cars are idle for 95 per cent of the time, indicating lengthy periods of non-use.” Applying mobility to business travel, ACFO’s John Pryor says: “Employees on company business want a single stress free process for business travel. Connectivity, potentially via apps, providing a single online platform, could be used by organisations and their employees to find, book and pay for all travel and related costs. The more that is centralised and controlled, the better.” Dan Regan adds: “In the same way private motorists can benefit from the cost savings E Volume 113 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE


Expert Panel: Mobility

“63 per cent of businesses expect to embrace electric vehicles within five years”. This is according to the second annual Operational Fleet Insight report, produced by the AA and BT’s Fleet Solutions  that new models of vehicle ownership and transport solutions give rise to, the benefits available to fleets are significant. Pool car fleets in particular could be significantly reduced in numbers as fleet organisations recognise the benefits of mobility as a service.” Electric vehicles Electric vehicles are well-suited to new business mobility models, as they suit ‘short hop’ journeys, as John Pryor calls them. He explains: “If an employee needs to travel from London to Leeds for example, then it is best to travel by train. But, at each end of that journey a car may be required, for which electric vehicles are perfect.” Zero and ultra-low emission vehicles are being pushed by the government in a bid to tackle air pollution. But concerns over range and the public charging infrastructure still remain a barrier for many. Stuart Thomas says that 82 per cent of AA members say they have been deterred


from purchasing an electric vehicle by the lack of charging points nationwide and that “there is a long way to go to reassure fleets that the route to an alternatively‑fuelled future will be a smooth one”. However, one way to reassure those uncertain of electric vehicles is the data that they can generate on charge point locations and availability, journeys, range and battery life. John Pryor says: “Drivers want assurance that they will not ‘break down’, whether that is due to a lack of charging infrastructure, chargepoints not working, or a vehicle running out of power. Live data and connectivity will help with all of those issues and help to convince drivers that electric vehicles are a viable alternative to traditional petrol or diesel vehicles.” Knowing that they’ll be taken care of if a break down was to happen can also go a long way to reassure potential electric vehicle drivers. Stuart Thomas explains how the AA is


preparing for the shift to electric mobility by training all of its patrols to be able to respond to and assist owners of electric vehicles. Dan Regan meanwhile shares how Lightfoot’s technology is evolving to help take any uncertainty out of electric motoring: “We’re currently developing the next generation of the Lightfoot vehicle diagnostics platform, which will grow to be able to automatically detect, diagnose and notify the driver of faults or issues with their electric vehicles. “One such issue that can be reported remotely is low battery charge – so you can be warned via your mobile phone before you even set off in the morning that you may not have enough charge to complete your journey to work. Even better, it could warn you that you‘ve parked your car in the evening and forgotten to plug it in to charge. “There’s also the opportunity for Lightfoot to detect journey patterns, suggest useful charge points for you along your usual routes, or even suggest routes that may use less battery energy.” Stuart Thomas goes on to say that despite concerns over electric vehicles, given the government investment in the charging infrastructure, “63 per cent of businesses expect to embrace electric vehicles within five years”. This is according to the second annual Operational Fleet Insight report, produced by the AA and BT’s Fleet Solutions.

With city centres congested, polluted and difficult to park in, the last leg on a delivery journey can be transformed by looking at new models of working Drivers Aside from using cleaner vehicles, how they are driven is a major factor in how polluting they can be. Harsh braking, idling and speeding can all use up excessive fuel and increase emissions. Fleet operators need to have insight into the driving style of their employees, as well as how the vehicles performs and what types of journeys are undertaken. Technology and connectivity gives fleet managers that information so they can identify where changes should be made. Dan Regan explains: “The majority of vehicle emissions are generated during acceleration events, with harsh or unnecessary acceleration causing the highest levels of emissions harmful to health, whilst smoother driving creates the least emissions.” Dan explains that using the Lightfoot’s connected vehicle technology can incentivise a smoother, safer driving style, as well as a potential 20 per cent reduction in harmful emissions.  Keeping vehicles running at their optimum can also help minimise emissions. Stuart Thomas says: “Connected car technology can ease the process of vehicle repairs for fleet managers. Rather than having to go through the service history of every vehicle on the fleet, managers can use connected car technology to automatically alert them when a vehicle requires servicing or upgrades. Journey planning capability can then be applied to ensure the vehicle is serviced in the most convenient location. This not only saves the fleet manager time and reduces downtime for employees, it also keeps all fleet vehicles roadworthy in a manner which is entirely hassle-free.” Mobility-as-a-Service At the end of 2017, the government launched an inquiry into the benefits and barriers of Mobility as a Service (MaaS), where multiple modes of transport are combined and accessed as one service.  ACFO has responded to the inquiry, suggesting that employees have individual ‘mobility cards’ that could be used to access all forms of travel, fed from an app that could plan and charge costs accordingly. John Pryor explains further: “Mobility Cards issued to individual employees would enable them to select the most appropriate model of travel and pay for journey to meet personal and business circumstances.” In its submission to the inquiry, ACFO also highlighted that taxation was an issue that MPs needed to consider if MaaS was to be adopted within the corporate sector. John Pryor explains: “If a company is supplying a mobility card to employees, would it be taxed on the cash element

of the value that the company was paying as with other amounts, medical or dental charges? Any support that would encourage companies to offer this benefit for wider adoption would be beneficial.” Dan Regan says that the government has shown great support for UK industry to develop mobility solutions based on connected and autonomous vehicles. He says: “The dedicated body, the Centre for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CCAV), is working with the government’s innovation funding agency, Innovate UK, to fund and support technology developments and surrounding business models in the UK. Their aim is to make the UK a leader in this new area of transport innovation. The types of technology and innovations for which they’re supporting the growth and incubation in the UK will be what form the mobility-as-a-service models of tomorrow. Leading the way in this area will bring about significant cost savings, congestion reduction and emissions reductions in the UK, hopefully making our country a prime example of how MaaS can be adopt.” As connected vehicles become common place on our roads, more visibility is needed for the industry on the degree of risk this could bring to businesses, believes Stuart Thomas. He says: “As autonomous and connected vehicles become increasingly popular on our roads, they do bring with them a greater degree of cyber security liability for businesses. The government has already issued a new set of guidelines to encourage car manufacturers to make vehicle cyber security a priority, with minimum protections established to protect drivers from such risks as data theft or loss of vehicle control.” Last mile logistics Another area where mobility solutions and connectivity can transform operations is in last mile deliveries. With city centres congested, polluted and difficult to park in, the last leg on a delivery journey can be transformed by looking at new models of working. Electric delivery firm Gnewt Cargo, for example, is working with the Mayor’s Office in London to test different electric vehicles for last mile logistics, testing key scenarios such as manoeuvrability, range and environmental performance. John Pryor comments: “We will see more trunking vehicles deliver goods to a central location in an urban area and then electric vehicles used to distribute those goods to businesses and homes. Goods need to be moved around cities and it is clear that they could be transported more efficiently and in more environmentally‑friendly ways than in diesel vans or HGVs in stop‑start traffic congestion.”L

Stuart Thomas We’re keen to ensure fleets feel secure in the knowledge that the industry is helping them to prepare for the shift to electric mobility. The AA has trained all of its patrols to be able to respond to and assist owners of electric vehicles, as well as joining forces with Chargemaster to set up the multi‑brand EV Centre in Milton Keynes, which is the first place of its kind in the UK that provides information and advice on electric vehicles. The centre also provides free driving lessons with AA instructors.

Expert Panel: Mobility

Final thoughts

Dan Regan The majority of vehicle emissions are generated during acceleration events, with harsh or unnecessary acceleration causing the highest levels of emissions harmful to health, whilst smoother driving creates the least emissions. The Lightfoot platform allows drivers to not only compete with each other to prove who is the smoothest driver, but rewards these better drivers, incentivising a smoother, safer driving style. Drivers using Lightfoot also tend to see up to 20 per cent savings in harmful emissions. John Pryor ACFO has seen numerous apps, for journey planning and ticket holding, from various business travel agents, as well as apps for recording and the submitting of expenses. But the ability of a company to join them together is ‘fairly rare’. Consequently, the support of government towards a more integrated system will help businesses adapt and manage their mobility needs more effectively. Businesses are starting to understand the advantages that integrated technology can supply. But ACFO feels that they cannot see the whole new world this could bring. This support and encouragement should have a marked environmental impact on journeys being made.



Advertisement Feature Written by Paul Hollick, managing director, The Miles Consultancy


Mobility data dashboards develop fluid and flexible travel strategies The scale of the challenges facing the sector is daunting as the government looks to public fleets to play a leading role in driving the UK’s green transport and travel agenda during a period of unprecedented social, economic and technological change “We need to be more fluid in our approach,” commented the fleet manager for one large local authority, recently, when asked how public sector fleets should tackle ongoing austerity cuts and economic uncertainty. The scale of the challenges facing the sector is daunting as the government looks to public fleets to play a leading role in driving the UK’s green transport and travel agenda during a period of unprecedented social, economic and technological change. In response to these changes, alongside the need to be more fluid and green, organisations are moving towards a more flexible approach – namely, ‘mobility management’. Mobility facilitated by Visibility and Connectivity Information technology continues to reshape the way organisations manage fleet and travel. Two obvious examples are telematics and connected cars, although there are many other sources of information that organisations can bring together to improve efficiency, reduce costs and protect service levels. Provided that these fast-expanding data flows are properly consolidated, filtered and intelligently presented, they greatly increase managers’ visibility of each level of mobility – from individual employee and vehicle to department, depot, area, division and territory. Managers can use the insights gained from enhanced visibility both to improve conventional aspects of fleet management, e.g. minimising maintenance costs, and to inform new policies designed to improve productivity and sustainability.

undifferentiated data points into valid cost‑per-mile comparisons for multiple fuels/ drivetrains, measuring total cost of mobility (TCM) for employees for whom car ownership may not be a preference and driving not always the first-choice mode of travel. We share the view of consultancy Frost and Sullivan that ‘cost of mobility’ will supersede vehicle pence-per-mile as the leading benchmark within a surprisingly short time. Strategically, the focus of travel planning is shifting from mode of transport (especially vehicles) to what is most cost-effective and productive for the individual employee. Frost and Sullivan point out that mobility budgets are increasingly popular in Western European cities, which are adopting stringent regulations towards reducing pollution and heavy traffic. Belgium introduced a tax break on salary spent on mobility, this year, and France requires mobility plans from all companies with more than 100 employees.

Meeting major change with Big Data The urgent drive to improve urban air quality means that some organisations could have eight different fuel/drivetrain variations on their fleets by the mid-2020s, as CNG and LPG regain lost ground in the LCV arena and hydrogen wins a toehold in specialised niches. Vehicle decisions will become more complex; calling for detailed profiling to ensure chosen fuel/drivetrains will be cost effective in actual use. Then ongoing monitoring to make sure drivers stick to protocols, for example around battery charging or payload. Consolidated data will be critical to policy‑making: converting millions of

Demographically-driven In the UK, the number of young people holding a driving licence has fallen by 40 per cent since 1992. This is due to a combination of higher motoring costs (especially insurance); less job security in the gig economy – therefore less appetite to run a car; ‘delayed adulthood’ (starting careers and families later); megacities and demographics (the biggest falls in licence-holding are in expanding metropolitan areas with viable public transport). Thus, it is perfectly feasible that two-thirds of the young people entering the workforce in the next few years won’t hold a driving licence. Employers will need to re-evaluate long-held beliefs around employee travel.


Mobility dashboards To address these issues, organisations are turning to specialists like TMC to simplify and harmonise multiple streams of business travel data into clear, concise fleet and Mobility dashboards. By bringing together data from each supplier involved in the corporate travel ecosystem – leasing companies, fuel card and telematics providers, hotels, parking, trains, subsistence, and expenses systems – and overlaying it with employee data, such as whether individuals are home or office-based, TMC provides employers with a single view of costs and a 360-degree view of each employee’s business travel patterns. Organisations can use these insights to shape their business travel and company car policies. TMC can also make recommendations on how to optimise mobility at both company and individual level, based on employee travel patterns. Recommendations include who should or shouldn’t be eligible for a company car; who could be in electric vehicles based on travel patterns; who could be car sharing, and where it could be more cost-effective to give someone a transportation allowance rather than a conventional car or cash allowance. Using big data to develop and optimise a mobility strategy will help deliver the so-called ‘triple bottom line’ of more productive services, strategic cost reduction and reduced CO2 emissions. And the good news is, it can be done today. L FURTHER INFORMATION what-we-do/mobility

GreenFleet Scotland

Creating a greener Scotland GreenFleet Scotland returns to the Royal Highland Centre on 4 May to allow fleet managers to test drive the latest low and zero‑emission vehicles and hear about Scotland’s air quality work Traffic is the dominant cause of air pollution in Scotland, which causes over 2,500 early deaths every year, according to Friends of the Earth. To tackle this, Scotland has drawn up measures to improve its air quality, which includes a number of low emission zones (LEZs) and air quality management areas (AQMA). Scotland’s first LEZ will be in Glasgow and is due to be up and running by the end of the year. Other cities including Edinburgh, Aberdeen and Dundee are expected to have similar zones in place by 2020. Fleet managers in Scotland have a vital role to play in reducing emissions from their fleet and must keep on top of the air quality measures being implemented to future-proof their operations. GreenFleet Scotland, which takes place at Royal Highland Centre in Edinburgh on 4 May, will arm fleet and transport managers will the information they need to green their operations, with the latest zero and ultra-low emission vehicles available to test drive. Hosted in association with the Energy Saving Trust Scotland, Transport Scotland and ChargePlace Scotland, the event will hold a seminar programme which

will address the key topics effecting the industry, such as air quality measures, alternative fuels and commercial vehicles. Industry experts such as David Duffy and Andrew Campbell from the Royal Environmental Health Institute of Scotland (REHIS), and John Bynorth from Environmental Protection Scotland (EPS) will give an update on Scotland’s air quality work, while the challenge of lowering commercial vehicle emissions will be addressed by Gordon Mason from the Energy Saving Trust and Mark Barrett from electric van manufacturer LDV. The Energy Saving Trust Scotland will be running the afternoon session, which will look at findings from its Switched-on Fleets Programme, with case study examples of fleets that have successfully lowered emissions.

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Test drives Delegates will be able to get behind the wheels of the latest low-emission, electric, hybrid, and hydrogen vehicles. Alex F Noble & Son will bring along the new electric Nissan LEAF, with its new 40kWh battery and a range of 235 miles, as well as the Nissan e-NV200 van, which has a 60 per cent extended range, taking it to 174 miles.

BMW will have its electric i3 available and show-stopping electric sports car, the i8 Roadster, while those wanting to try out plug-in hybrid technology can take the MINI Countryman PHEV and Toyota Prius Plug-in for a test drive. Tesla will attract the crowds with its new Model X, an SUV with an impressive 351‑mile range. For the commercial vehicle operators present, LDV will be showcasing its electric EV80, while IVECO will have its gas-powered Daily NP van available. The Hydrogen Zone will allow delegates to get to know the benefits and practicalities of running hydrogen vehicles. On show will be the Toyota Mirai, which can be taken out for a test drive, a hydrogen range‑extended Nissan eNV200 from Co-Wheels, a range-extended Kangoo ZE, as well as a hydrogen refueller from Logan Energy. Charging providers eVolt and Jorro will be on hand to answer any charging queries or concerns, and for the first time, there will be a Solar PV Zone, with organisations such as the Solar Trade Association, Home Energy Scotland, the Renewable Energy Association, AES Solar, Solar Kingdom and Rexel UK exhibiting. For fleet management advice, Daimler Fleet Management and Inchcape Fleet Solutions will be on hand, available to discuss leasing, finance, remarketing, and so on. L FURTHER INFORMATION



edie Live

What does the future of mobility look like? edie Live 2018 takes place at the NEC, Birmingham on 22-23 May and will equip you with the insight, inspiration and innovations you need to advance your sustainable mobility strategy Will your fleet be fully electric? Will you have switched to local sourcing systems to cut supply chain transport emissions? Or perhaps smarter business travel through technology will have entirely changed your approach to workforce mobility. Whatever your focus, edie Live 2018 takes place at the NEC, Birmingham on 22-23 May and will equip you with the insight, inspiration and innovations you need to advance your sustainable mobility strategy.   Through the lens of mobility, energy, resources, the built environment, and business leadership, edie Live is the UK’s only event tailor-made to fit the needs of sustainability, energy and resource professionals. Be inspired by sustainability superstars, coached by industry experts, encouraged by your peers, and shown the way by hundreds of innovative suppliers.

What’s on at edie Live 2018?   Across the keynote conference and three seminar theatres, visitors can get involved in discussions, hear case studies and discover how and why you should invest in low-carbon vehicles to cut costs and reduce emissions.     At the Sustainability Keynote Conference, topics include mobility, fuel efficiency, hydrogen, service-based business models, and reducing emissions in your supply chain. Expert speakers include Hugo Spowers, chief engineer and founder of Riversimple, Alastair Mant, head of industry engagement at the UK Green Building Council, and Chris Sherwin, director at Reboot Innovation. The Energy Innovation Theatre includes discussions on electric vehicles, the grid and infrastructure, and will have a case study from Royal Mail’s electric van trials in London. Expert speakers include Jonathan Murray ©DevelopImages, Edie2017

at LowCVP, Ben Guest from OVO Energy, Graeme Cooper from the National Grid, and Grahame Bennett from Royal Mail. The Energy Efficiency Theatre will cover zero-carbon business fleets, vehicle‑to-grid charging of fleets, and the challenge of reducing both carbon and air quality emissions in vehicle fleets. Expert speakers include Paul Gambrell from the Enery Savings Trust, Henry Phillips from the Office for Low Emission Vehicles, and Matthew Trevaskis from the REA.    Expert-led advice clinics The advice clinics offer visitors free 20-minute, one-to-one consultations with experts in a full range of sustainability topics that are material to your business. Our experts will steer you along the route to achieving best practice in sustainability, help you grasp complex issues, absorb new trends, deep dive into strategy and tackle challenges with confidence. Get bespoke advice on electrifying your fleet from industry experts in our free clinics, sponsored by Electric Blue. Appointments are strictly limited so book your appointment online. Innovative solutions Fleet Evolution, EVBox, ENERCON, DriveElectric are just some of the organisations present across the show floor to help you introduce smarter sustainability solutions to your mobility strategy. The EV Showroom will showcase electric vehicles, charging stations, a solar car port and related technologies, bringing to life how electric vehicles can be implemented by your business and help reduce your carbon footprint as part of your sustainability strategy.  Mission Possible Workshops Talk to speakers, share your experiences with peers and delve deeper into key topics that are covered in our theatres. These new Workshops provide you with a unique opportunity to collaborate with your peers to solve the key challenges and opportunities you are facing in your mission to achieve a sustainable future. Starting with a blank sheet of paper, we will discuss the issues that we face, share ‘war stories’ and work together to create a unique solution to the topic. Pre-booking is essential due to limited spaces. edie Live’s new Innovation Centre will showcase the trailblazing products and initiatives that are helping us achieve Mission Possible. From carbon-cutting technologies to novel solutions that build resilience and increase resource efficiency, the Innovation Centre offers a platform to the plethora of pre‑commercial and start-up companies that have the potential to disrupt entire markets and take corporate sustainability to the next level. With our enhanced focus on mobility, edie Live 2018 is the UK’s only event that is tailor-made to help you achieve your sustainable business mission. L FURTHER INFORMATION




The Freight Transport Association discusses changes to the HGV Road User Levy rates and category B licensing rules. PLUS: The DVSA’s Earned Recognition Scheme; Commercial Vehicle Show review; and GreenFleet’s CV Roundtable


£255 P E R M O N T H


NEW FORD TRANSIT CUSTOM LIMITED 280 L1 H1 2.0 TDCi 130PS. FROM £255 PER MONTH OVER 4 YEARS ON FORD CONTRACT HIRE FROM FORD LEASE. ADVANCE OF 6 MONTHLY RENTALS. BUSINESS USERS ONLY. TO FIND OUT MORE, VISIT FORD.CO.UK Official fuel consumption figures in mpg (l/100km) for the New Ford Transit Custom Limited 280 L1 H1 2.0 TDCi 130PS (Start-Stop) shown: urban 39.8 (7.1), extra urban 47.9 (5.9), combined 44.1 (6.4). Official CO2 emissions 165g/km. The mpg figures quoted are sourced from official EU-regulated test results (EU Regulation 715/2007 and 692/2008 as last amended), are provided for comparability purposes and may not reflect your actual driving experience. Finance subject to status. Guarantees/indemnities may be required. You will not own the vehicle at the end of the agreement. Examples exclude VAT and are based on 48 month non-maintained agreements, profile 6+47 payment in advance of 6 monthly rentals, followed by 47 monthly rentals, with a mileage of 10,000 miles per annum. Vehicles must be returned in good condition and within agreed mileage, otherwise further charges will be incurred. Prices correct at time of going to print and are subject to change without notice. Subject to availability at a Ford Authorised UK Dealer for vehicles with finance accepted and vehicle contracted between 1st April and 30th June 2018. Not available with any other promotion. Ford Lease is provided by ALD Automotive Ltd, trading as Ford Lease, BS16 7LB.


DVSA launches Earned Recognition Scheme

Industry bodies raise concerns over HGV use in Clean Air Zones

The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA)’s Earned Recognition Scheme has been launched which will allow commercial vehicle operators to prove they meet driver and vehicle standards. It will allow them to regularly share performance information with DVSA, such as their MOT initial pass rates and if their drivers have broken drivers’ hours rules. In return, their vehicles are less likely to be stopped for roadside inspections. The launch follows a successful year‑long pilot involving more than 60 commercial vehicle operators from various sectors of the industry. Members of the scheme can use the DVSA earned recognition marque to use on their websites and other publicity materials, as well as be recognised as a DVSA approved

operator through a published list on GOV.UK. They will be able to prove they are exemplary operators when bidding for contracts and DVSA enforcement staff are much less likely to stop their vehicles at the roadside or visit organisation’s premises. To support operators who want to join the scheme, the Freight Transport Association (FTA) has launched a new service aimed at supporting operators who want to join Scheme. The Earned Recognition Data Hub will bring together both vehicle maintenance and driver data from multiple sources and has been designed to be a low-cost, not‑for-profit solution to help the industry. READ MORE


Highways England and FTA to offer smart motorway training for hauliers Bespoke safety training for drivers who travel on smart motorways is being offered by the Highways Agency and the Freight Transport Association (FTA). Aimed at commercial and haulage drivers, the course has been designed to provide practical, relevant training. The eight hour, single day course covers the past, present and future of smart motorways, the different signals on the network, driver behaviour and the role of traffic officers. A key aspect of the course is that it now integrates into the Driver Certificate of Professional Competence (Driver CPC), the standard qualification for which all

professional bus, coach and lorry drivers must complete 35 hours of training every five years. Senior Partnership Manager at Highways England, Wayne Carey said: “Smart motorways reduce congestion, improve journey time reliability and add much needed capacity to some of the most congested sections of motorway and we are delighted with the take up to date of this course. We urge any haulier who wants to sharpen up their skills to sign up.” READ MORE


Fiat Professional offers Ducato conversions straight from the factory Fiat Professional has launched a new converted business programme which will allow customers to order fully converted vehicles directly from the factory. The ‘Ready For Professionals’ programme is designed to meet growing customer demand for officially converted Fiat Ducato-based vans and tippers. A range of conversions are available, in three different wheel-base options (3450mm, 3800mm and 4035mm), chassis cab and double cab, and

with hundreds of customisations. A range of MultiJet II 2.3-litre engines – 130, 150 and 180bhp – are fitted to a choice of either a 6-speed manual or 6-speed Comfort-Matic manual robotised gearbox which, with two operating modes (sequential or automatic), can adapt to all driving styles. READ MORE

Commercial Vehicle News


Four associations have written a joint letter to transport secretary Chris Grayling calling for support to ensure that the introduction of Clean Air Zones (CAZ) will not unfairly hit businesses that rely on HGVs. The British Vehicle Rental and Leasing Association (BVRLA), joined with the Road Haulage Association (RHA), Freight Transport Association (FTA), and the National Franchised Dealers Association (NFDA) in order to raise these concerns. The proposed HGV charges for all trucks other than the latest Euro VI models is typically £100 per day, which could equate to an additional 25 per cent on the daily running cost of a non-compliant vehicle. The joint letter asks the Minister to meet and discuss various solutions that could lessen the impact on businesses. These include providing CAZ charge exemptions on certain routes or during night time, a reduced charge for Euro V trucks, and ensuring that CAZ standards and administration are consistent across the country and communicated properly. It also calls for more guidance and resources for local authorities to identify local congestion and pollution hotspots and improve traffic management. READ MORE


FTA launches Logistics Emissions Reduction Scheme The Freight Transport Association (FTA) has changed its Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme to become the Logistics Emissions Reduction Scheme (LERS), to incorporate air quality performance as well as carbon. The new scheme continues the previous commitment of a five per cent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 on 2015 levels, and will shortly establish a further target for 2025. “The changes to air quality policy from government will continue to challenge us, but I am confident that our members will continue to outperform industry as a whole and lead the way into a cleaner, greener future,” says Rebecca Kite, Environment Policy Manager for FTA. LERS is provided for the industry by FTA free of charge and is open to all companies with at least one commercial vehicle (HGV or van). READ MORE



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Commercial Vehicle News



ULEMCo showcases hydrogen-fuelled combustion engine truck ULEMCo has developed a truck with a combustion engine powered by hydrogen fuel, which is due to be rolled out later this year. The converted Volvo FH16 is designed to show how hydrogen fuel can be deployed to decarbonise heavy goods vehicles efficiently and cost-effectively. The Mega Low Emission (MLE) truck uses hydrogen to power the vehicle using a combustion engine rather than via fuel cells and an electric motor. Amanda Lyne, CEO ULEMCo, said: “We are hugely excited about the potential for hydrogen fuel as a route to faster achievement of zero carbon emission in commercial vehicles.

“With this MLE demonstrator, co-funded by the UK’s innovation agency, Innovate UK, we are showing that 100 per cent hydrogen fuel in combustion engines is a practical and cost‑effective option. It sits well alongside the hydrogen dual-fuel conversions that we have already implemented commercially.” READ MORE


Mercedes-Benz Vans teams with Via to offer ride sharing

Mercedes-Benz Vans has partnered up with US startup company Via to provide a ride‑sharing service. Via’s system matches up passengers heading in the same direction. Passengers request rides through a mobile app, and Via’s algorithm finds a vehicle that best matches the passenger’s route, allowing for quick and efficient shared trips without detours. The models mainly used will be the Vito Tourer (up to nine seats) and the V-Class (up to eight seats). By enabling vans to be

routed between thousands of ‘virtual’ bus stops, Mercedes say this approach to public transit will help reduce traffic volume in cities without requiring the construction of costly new infrastructure. Mercedes-Benz Vans and Via aim to introduce on-demand shared rides in Europe, with London as the first city to launch the service. Other European cities will soon follow.

The latest from LoCITY, TfL’s low‑emission commercial vehicle programme LoCITY aims to reduce emissions from vans and HGVs by giving fleets the information they need to confidently switch from diesel to alternatively fuelled vehicles

James Smith, programme manager, LoCITY

Its been a hectic first few months putting together the team and meeting so many new faces at our lively working groups. I’ve also been pleased to see the scale of independent research we are completing to make sure our advice is accurate and impartial. TfL is strongly committed to LoCITY and this column, plus our monthly newsletters, are the easiest way to keep track of progress. LoCITY has been active in London for two years, and in that time over 1,300 people from 819 companies have already signed up. Our work is shaped by four industry-led working groups, which provide us with direct feedback and ideas. The LoCITY website ( has more details about the programme. There, you can access a tool to help you find the right vehicle for your organisation, as well as a map with all the places to refuel and recharge across the country. I will be using this monthly column to discuss industry news, the latest research and LoCITY events like our recent Fuels in Action roadshow, which was attended by 250 delegates and saw universal agreement that the market is rapidly moving towards alternative fuels. Over the next few months, we will be launching some new online tools to help give you the independent advice needed to make sound decisions for your business. We’re very proud of a new toolkit that addresses common myths around new technology and an online calculator that will estimate the whole-life cost of a new vehicle against your current fleet. I will also share how some of our Champion operators have been overcoming operational challenges and showcasing where our European neighbours have transitioned to new fuels without losing money. I think we can learn from their collaborative approach to infrastructure delivery, as we cannot let that continue to be a barrier that stops us from moving forward. Next month, I will be writing about TfL’s Ultra Low Emission Zone and what this might mean for your business. FURTHER INFORMATION



With an increasing focus in the media and among the general public on the issue of air quality and safety, two major government announcements at the end of March, aimed at improving the status quo, could have a significant impact on fleet operations in this country. On 28 March, the government announced that rates for the HGV Road User Levy (RUL) will change next year to start reflecting the Euro engine emissions class of HGVs. From 1 February 2019, there will be a 10 per cent decrease in RUL charges for Euro VI vehicles and a 20 per cent increase for all pre-Euro VI vehicles. The government’s intention is to help promote air quality improvements by encouraging take-up of Euro VI vehicles. The reduction of 10 per cent in the RUL for Euro VI vehicles is good news as it shows recognition of the success of the HGV Euro VI vehicles, which have 80 per cent lower real world local emissions than previous vehicles. However, the introduction of the increased levy on pre-Euro VI trucks will actually hurt those small and medium sized business that already face increased costs as they need to upgrade to Euro VI vehicles early in their vehicles’ life cycles, in order to be compliant with the planned Clean Air Zones. This forced resale will have a direct impact on SMEs, since the re-sale value of their slightly older lorries, the Euro IV and Vs, has fallen

livelihoods at risk for only a temporary gain on so much. This, in turn, will make the jump to air quality in the short term. The reform of the affording a new Euro VI so much greater and Levy was an opportunity to help, and for the does not account for ongoing depreciation and most part the government has failed to take it. succession planning for older vehicles, which is such a key part of business management. Licence changes As an example, the new annual rates Another announcement which came from the for the largest HGVs will be £900 for Euro VI government at the end of March, following a rate from February 2019 and £1,200 for positive response to a consultation last year, is Euro 0-V rate from February 2019. that it will seek agreement from the EU The current rate is £1,000. for a temporary derogation from The Freight Transport The the requirements of the third Association (FTA), which govern driving licensing directive. represents more than m announ ent When in force, this will mean 17,000 logistics that category B (car) licence businesses of all rates fo ced that r holders will be able to sizes, believes the t h e Road U HGV drive alternatively‑fuelled government should s e r L evy (RU will cha vans up to a maximum have loaded the L) nge to authorised mass increase on to the r e t fl h ect e Euro (mam) of 4,250kg. older, most polluting emissio engine Currently, drivers with lorries (Euro III and ns category B licences are below) to create a of HGVclass permitted to drive vans which short-term market for s weigh up to 3.5 tonnes mam. the Euro IV and V vehicles However, electric and hybrid vans that those delivering to city of a comparable size must carry a large centres will be seeking to sell on. battery pack, making them slightly heavier. As an industry, freight and logistics has FTA, whose members operate 245,000 been working hard to improve air quality, and HGVs – around half of the UK’s total lorry new technology has ensured that trucks have fleet, consulted its membership on the been getting cleaner for decades. Clearly, we proposal and found that, in the main, they are not dealing with an intractable problem were largely in favour of the change. It follows but merely a question of how soon the latest news that operators of alternatively‑fuelled round of beneficial changes now needs to be vehicles up to 4.25 tonnes will also be made. The government’s “do it now” approach exempt from HGV Operator Licensing, as to cleaner air risks putting some long as they only operate domestically. smaller hauliers’ FTA is delighted the government has listened to the logistics industry and taken this positive step to make it easier for transport E


Written by Christopher Snelling, FTA’s Head of UK Policy

The FTA’s Christopher Snelling discusses recent government announcements to help lower the emissions of commercial vehicles, including changes to the HGV Road User Levy rates and changes to driver licensing rules, which will allow drivers to operate heavier but cleaner vans


Government measures to green logistics



 and freight companies to operate electric vehicles. It will make it cheaper and easier for firms to include alternatively-powered vehicles in their fleets. It is an excellent example of how the government can use regulatory adjustments to help our industry implement more energy-efficient working practices. The announcement on the derogation of the third driving licensing directive came after a wide ranging two-month consultation process. The government says it supports a commitment to ensure that almost every car and van is a zero-emission vehicle by 2050. The change means companies will no longer be penalised for using alternatively-fuelled vehicles. The heavier weights of these vehicles mean they have often been inaccessible for van operators who do not have an operator licence or the appropriately trained drivers. For firms with the appropriate operator licence, the additional regulation still meant extra cost in implementing appropriate compliance policies and recruiting additional drivers. Now they will be able to absorb these vehicles easily into their current working practices. Dual priorities Freight and logistics, as an industry, is committed to ensuring that its impact on the environment continues to reduce, while ensuring that goods and services still move freely across the country to service the nation’s manufacturing and business bases. FTA’s close relationships and regular dialogue with government and its appropriate departments has ensured that the needs

of all those involved in the UK’s supply chain have been heard in the ongoing debate around the environment, and it is crucial that these conversations continue. As a nation, we are increasingly reliant on a “just in time” supply chain, and the logistics operators involved in this must continue to be heard when decisions are made about how and where they are to be allowed to move goods and services. In such an economically volatile climate, FTA will continue to work closely with government and its advisers in the coming months to

ensure that Britain keeps on trading, while limiting the impact of the logistics sector on the environment – something which its member organisations are all too keen to do. One sector cannot make all the necessary improvements in isolation, however, so it is crucial that logistics is not unfairly penalised when its role is so critical in ensuring the nation’s continued trading success. L FURTHER INFORMATION

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quodi blaborum nos eumque laboribus For UK fleet owners, 2019ut willmolorem bring with it aut ationse North American API CK-4/FA-4 standards the new emissions-based tax and Euro VInitibusdae and ACEA, we introduced et introduction quoditiatofdolo qui de volecab orerisqui nullacianti breaks. According to the UK government, the DURON™ next generation product rest, sitiatis ut idem quodi consequat facimagnime pernatemquae heavy goods vehicles (HGVs) only account line to the European market. nimus teminipsaest et needs for better fuel for five perearibus, cent of mileage the UK butmoluptatium To meetes ournet customers’ produce approximately 20 per cent of total economy, reduced emissions and extended xoxoxoxooxide emissions. To support fleets that nitrogen drain intervals, the engine oils were put produce less emissions, vehicles that comply through rigorous and comprehensive testing with Euro VI INFORMATION will qualify for a 10 per cent to demonstrate just how effective they are. FURTHER reduction in road tax, while those that don’t For example, when testing DURON Next xxx have to pay an extra 20 per cent. will Generation at the renowned Millbrook Proving With 80 per cent lower real-world local Ground in Bedford, the fuel economy benefits emissions than previous lorries, the Freight were clear. Assessed within a controlled Transport Association has said that the environment designed to reflect real world tax reduction shows recognition for the use, the upcoming new DURON UHP E6 success of the HGV Euro VI vehicles. 5W-30 was found to offer up to 2.34 per cent Affecting the combustion process, it stands improvement in fuel efficiency and emissions. to reason that a reduction in emissions To further showcase the benefits of DURON also means a reduction in the level of fuel next generation to the industry, we have required. High on the agenda for Original introduced the DURON Challenge program. Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), fuel This offers fleet owners a free trial of DURON economy and emission reductions are the for use in one or more of their vehicles, key drivers for engine and truck design. providing them with the opportunity to But what role do engine oil lubricants play discover its performance and value, supported in supporting these improvements? with oil analysis and technical expertise, to demonstrate the real-world benefits it delivers. The role of lubricants A crucial part of a maintenance schedule, The use of lower viscosity lubricants can offer oil analysis ensures that engines run with additional fuel economy benefits as well as maximum efficiency to reduce running costs. maintenance enhancements. By minimising DLM Trucking, a family-owned business with frictional losses between moving components more than 50 trucks based in the state of while reducing pumping and spinning losses, Washington, United States, took the DURON engine oils can prevent viscous drag and Challenge. DLM saw the results from the improve fuel economy. Low viscosity oils DURON Challenge almost immediately and enhance this as they require less work to were able to directly compare the performance move through the engine and can flow faster. of DURON against the competitor oil they Other operating conditions, for example had previously used for over 30 years; Drain in the bus and waste industries where stop/ intervals doubled* from 20,000 miles to start technology is used, also means that 40,000 miles; Essentially no oil consumption a more durable lubricant is required to in the first 20,000 miles using DURON. With protect the engine against a substantially DLM’s previous supplier, one gallon of oil increased number of on/off cycles. was consumed within the first 12,000-14,000 Also, conventional lubricants can be miles; The engine oil’s Base Number (BN) stressed by newer engines that run at at 20,000 miles was 2.5 times better with higher temperatures which can accelerate DURON than it had been with DLM’s previous the rate of oxidisation and degradation. oil. Resistance to oxidation and nitration, To address this, newer oils offer greater and viscosity retention also improved. resistance to oxidation, along with improved These results clearly demonstrate the aeration control and shear stability. significant cost savings and potential Collectively, these improvements allow extension to oil drain intervals that can the engine to run more efficiently, with be obtained by transitioning to DURON improved levels of protection, while using heavy duty engine oil. For fleet owners less fuel and producing fewer emissions. and operators ready to make a change, the DURON Challenge offers a free and Real world results no risk opportunity, supported by expert At Petro-Canada Lubricants, to meet the analysis, to discover the performance strictest global regulations for heavy improvements that can be achieved. duty engine oil regulations, including The key for fleet operators is to adopt a

Karl Rudman

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The use of lower viscosity lubricants can offer additional fuel economy benefits as well as maintenance enhancements. Karl Rudman, business development manager at Petro-Canada Lubricants, explains how

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* Extending drain intervals should always be undertaken in conjunction with an oil analysis program. ™ Owned or used under license. FURTHER INFORMATION




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Compliance Written by Gordon Macdonald, DVSA’s head of enforcement policy

Earning recognition for safety and compliance The DVSA’s Earned Recognition Scheme, which was launched on 24 April, allows commercial vehicle operators to prove they meet driver and vehicle standards. Gordon Macdonald, the DVSA’s head of enforcement policy, explains how it works DVSA has been exploring the earned recognition concept since 2014, in response to a very real, very powerful dilemma: how do we focus our resources on tackling operators who put their drivers and other road users at risk? In 2016/17, for example, our examiners found a significant volume of drivers’ hours offences, meaning that drivers were tired, sleepy and potentially dangerous in one in 20 of the vehicles we stopped. We found mechanical problems – often of a serious nature – in nearly a third and nearly half of all loads were unstable or overweight. Of course DVSA has the power to fine, prosecute and refer to the Traffic Commissioner those offenders. But how do we change that dynamic? How do we offer not just a stick but a carrot? Importantly, how do we reward operators who strive for the best possible safety standards, not just because they’re required to but because they believe in its importance? So, in developing the scheme we’ve worked with trade associations and exemplar operators. Benefits for operators It’s not always been easy – we have tested and refined over a long period to get

for the Department for Transport’s national the standards right – often in the face of fleet compliance survey, which needs a small cynicism. After all, there are a few similar sample of randomly checked vehicles. schemes with similar stated aims. What We successfully launched pilot in April 2017 makes earned recognition different? – and more than 60 operators, operating more Well, earned recognition is a single, national than 43,000 vehicles, are now taking part. standard and is free to join. But the Participating operators range from most obvious difference is those, like John Lewis and BT with the direct benefits for The thousands of vehicles, to an operators. Those benefits scheme operator with just one. include less frequent reward DVSA roadside operato s How it works checks or site visits, The way earned saving operators strive fo rs who recognition works is time and money. r the be possible st relatively simple. Operators can safety standar You’ll need to pass also prove they’re ds, bec an earned recognition an exemplary a t hey bel compliance audit and operator when they ieve in use its you’ll need to have bid for contracts; importa nce IT systems for vehicle they can use the DVSA maintenance and drivers’ earned recognition hours. These will monitor if you’re marque on their meeting a set of key performance website and other publicity indicators (KPIs) on drivers hours and materials and will be recognised as a maintenance. And we’re looking at ways DVSA‑accredited operator on GOV.UK. we can make emissions compliance part DVSA will still stop vehicles if they’re in of the scheme for earned recognition an obviously dangerous condition. And an in the future. E operator’s vehicles could also be stopped Volume 113 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE


Matt Goodstadt discusses how fleet management systems can support the journey to compliance Ensuring compliance is an essential challenge that all transport operators face. It is also one of the key criteria of a fleet management system. These systems provide transport operators with a holistic view of their entire fleet as well as access to real‑time, purposeful data to make business critical decisions, enabling organisations to spot inefficiencies, reduce administration, remove the burden of paper records and, crucially, ensure fleet compliance. Fleet management systems, such as Civica Tranman, record, monitor and store all legal documentation required to meet DVLA and DVSA directives, to ensure that organisations meet the conditions of their Operator’s Licence and Earned Recognition respectively. By providing a single view of inspections and services due, along with the legal documents associated with fleet, businesses can ensure that all vehicles are roadworthy and have 24/7 access to a full audit trail of maintenance documentation. The benefits of the data provided by fleet management systems are huge. From ensuring compliance and reducing fuel consumption to gaining information on road conditions and vehicle health checks, companies which exploit this access to

real-time information provided by mobile, touchscreen technology will not only be more productive in managing current operations, but will also be able to use this data to predict future trends, alongside reducing the number of potential roadside checks. Using a modern, cloud-enabled fleet solution also gives operators greater control. The self-service function allows drivers to report a vehicle defect online, book a pool or hire vehicle, and report accidents, reducing administration and vehicle downtime. It also sends businesscritical information automatically, alerting any compliance issues so that businesses can act to avoid problems. Proactive management of drivers, recording all their training, accidents, endorsements, average miles per gallon, and even driving style from telematics, allows the software to create risk profiles to enable tailored

intervention with drivers. This reduces the possibilities of accidents, which will, in turn, reduce driver insurance premiums. What’s more, fleet management software can also help businesses reduce the size of their fleets, where possible. Through smart deployment and identifying under‑used vehicles, it provides insight that informs businesses of the optimum number of vehicles required at any given time, helping reduce capital and running costs. The road to compliance may indeed pose challenges to today’s transport operators; but those organisations which embrace new technologies will no doubt be best placed to tackle these issues and, ultimately, reap the benefits. FURTHER INFORMATION

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Use of the DVSA earned recognition marque to use on operator websites and other publicity materials.


Benefits of the scheme

Being recognised as a DVSA approved operator through a published list on GOV.UK. Being able to prove they are exemplary operators when bidding for contracts. DVSA enforcement staff being much less likely to stop operator vehicles at the roadside. DVSA enforcement staff being much less likely to visit operator premises. Having direct access to a dedicated earned-recognition team in DVSA.

 DVSA won’t have direct access to any of your data or systems. But every four weeks, these systems will tell DVSA if you’ve missed any of the KPIs by a set amount. If this happens, DVSA will work with you to fix the issue. Those taking part might have had different reasons for joining but they also share a common commitment to the highest standards of compliance. Staples Vegetables was the first haulier to join the pilot, before it even had a name. They told us that earned recognition was an “eye opener” and that it’s made lots of their processes and protocols sharper. Lucketts was the first bus and coach operator to join the pilot. They found joining the pilot to be easy, as they already measured lots of the standards used for the scheme. For them joining earned recognition was a natural extension of their approach to vehicle safety, which they view as being “paramount” and a “key priority”. New Image Stone supply, manufacture and install custom-made natural stone products for high-end residential and commercial developments. They’re also the smallest operator on the earned recognition scheme with just one vehicle. Once they found out about earned recognition, joining the scheme was quick and easy. “From the support from the DVSA specialist, to the audit and

Earned recognition is a single, national standard and is free to join. But the most obvious difference is the direct benefits for operators. Those benefits include less frequent DVSA roadside checks or site visits, saving operators time and money upgrades to our tachograph system and IT Maintenance process has been a quick and easy process,” said Monica Coe, transport manager at New Image Stone. They’ve found that being transparent with us about their compliance is mutually beneficial. We get to better target our resources and they cut down on stops during the working day. The location and nature of their work also makes earned recognition particularly useful for them. Monica continued: “Due to the nature of our work, we are constantly going into central London on commercial sites, so we believe that it will only be a matter of time before our clients decide this scheme is a requirement to win work.” “It demonstrates to our clients, suppliers and competitors that we’re fully committed to improving our vehicle and driver standards by working closely with DVSA on this scheme.

Being recognised as an approved operator and founder member is something we’re proud of.” Taking compliance seriously Even at this early stage many of the pilot operators are already seeing the benefits. We’ve heard reports of improved relationships with drivers, better processes and recognition from customers. The full list of all the vehicle operators taking part in the pilot has been published on GOV.UK, and includes private and public sector organisations. If you’re an operator and you take compliance and safety seriously, joining the earned recognition scheme is a logical choice. If you want to know more check out our guidance. L FURTHER INFORMATION



CV Roundtable Written by Angela Pisanu

With support from

COMMERCIAL VEHICLE ROUNDTABLE Telematics, connectivity and autonomous vehicles were debated in the afternoon session of GreenFleet’s Commercial Vehicle Roundtable, which took place on 23 March at London’s Tower Bridge Telematics has had a major positive impact on the operation of commercial vehicles. With information available on vehicle performance, driver behaviour, routes, diagnostics, and so on, telematics gives an inside look into fleet operations that was not possible before. It allows managers to identify where improvements can be made for a more efficient, cost effective and safe fleet. But with all the data technology generates, it can be overwhelming for fleet managers who do not have the know-how, time or resource to deal with it. “There are a number of operators that have the technology and information but they are not doing anything with it because they haven’t got the resource or the people to deal with it,” commented Mark Lovett from Leaseplan. To make things easier, Mark says that

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telematics should be tailored to each company as there is no point in technology generating data that is irrelevant to what the company is trying to achieve. He said: “It is crucial to have technology and data that is appropriate to each individual operator and to the nature of their business. There will be organisations where route optimisation is important and another where fuel spend is, for example. Telematics isn’t a one-size-fits-all solution.” Camera footage The topic of dash cams came up and the consensus around the table was that they are very helpful. Chris Dixon from Eurovia explained how dash cam footage has helped his business on numerous occasions, either by proving a driver was not at fault in an accident, or for insurance purposes. He said: “There was one occasion when one of my drivers hit someone and was arrested. But the dash cam footage showed that the driver did everything in his power to prevent the collision, and so he was released straight away.” Dash cams and telematics can often be seen as ‘big brother’, with drivers feeling like they are being monitored. It does not take them long to see the benefits though, according to Chris. He says: “Buy-in from our drivers was very hard until I explained to them the instances where dash cam footage has backed a driver up in collision events. Then they realised we weren’t doing it to try catch them out but to save their licence and reputation.” Norman Harding from the London Borough of Hackney said that in his case, dash cams are proving more beneficial than telematics. He said: “We are a local authority and so all our routes are more or less the same each week, so the benefits of telematics aren’t so prevalent for us. When we first had telematics installed eight years ago, we identified things that could be changed that had an immediate positive effect. But after that, it’s not been as much of a benefit. But dash cam footage has been.”


Truck platoons The UK’s first HGV platooning trial has been given the green light and is expected to begin at the end of 2018. It will see three heavy goods vehicles travelling in convoy, with acceleration and braking controlled by the lead vehicle. All lorries in the platoon will have a driver ready to take control at any time. There were mixed feelings around the tables about how truck platoons and autonomous vehicles could benefit commercial fleet operations. Mark Waby from Kuehne+Nagel said: “Truck platoons could be fantastic if they take away some of the stress from the driver. For those on the road however, it could pose a problem. It is already difficult enough trying to join and exit a motorway without having to navigate past a truck platoon. But any technology that can take pressure off the driver, such as lane control or automatic braking, is a good thing.” Amanda Lyne from Ulemco raised the

GreenFleet Commercial Vehicle Roundtable event delegates

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Commercial Industry Professional, Leaseplan UK

Event Sponsor question of liability when it comes to incidents involving self-driving vehicles. She said: “Ultimately, I have duty of care not to collide with anyone and if I do, as a human being, I suffer consequences. But if you put an autonomous vehicle on the road, who is actually liable? Is it the technology provider? Is it the vehicle owner? Is it the pedestrian?” “The logic is that a computer is supposed to do something better than I can, but a computer can’t stop someone from walking in front of a vehicle, and while it will do its best to avoid it, it might still collide,” Amanda adds. It was agreed that self-driving vehicles are well suited to controlled environments. Iqbal Mark Lovett Gill from Heathrow Airport explained how Mark Lovett is the head of the airport uses T5 pods, which are a fleet commercial vehicles at LeasePlan of automatic driverless electronic vehicles UK. He has 20 years’ experience which transport customers between Heathrow working in the UK LCV market Airport’s Terminal 5 and the Thistle Hotel. with manufacturers and leasing David Thackray from Tevva Motors said companies. Mark created and that the infrastructure to get fully self-driving deployed LeasePlan UK’s long term vehicles on the road would be immense LCV strategy, adding over 100,000 because the amount of sensors that would vans to the LP UK funded fleet, need to be put in place. It was also agreed doubling its LCV fleet size. that the infrastructure for driverless vehicles is currently not equipped to deal with hazardous Motors is doing with Leeds City Council, weather and environmental conditions, such Earth Sense and Transport Systems Catapult as black ice, or mud covering a sensor. to improve air quality in urban areas. In the meantime, David said that there will Real-time air quality readings are captured be increasingly more systems in vehicles that and trigger hybrid electric engines to switch are autonomous. He said: “There’s more to automatically to zero-emission running. But it autonomous vehicles that just self driving goes further than that, as David explains: “If vehicles. Our range-extended truck has an sensors pick up on too much NOx, the system autonomous system where it knows where dynamically defines a clean air zone based its going, how many miles it is doing, what on current levels of pollution, wind traffic it will be going into, what load it direction, and so on. A message has, and how that load varies drop is then sent to the vehicle to by drop. It also works out if The say that it is approaching it will be entering any low roundta a clean air zone and emission zones and takes ble hosted gives you options, such it all in and calculates its represe as to divert around it, energy requirement.” ntatives pay a fee or switch to Another example of an f r om var zero emission mode.” autonomous system is i o u comme the one used in project rcial vehs The drivers ACCRA that Tevva ic operato rs and le To finish the industr discussion, delegates y agreed that there experts is a real shortage of HGV drivers coming into the industry, and the current population of drivers is ageing. Andy Wilson from TNT explains: “It stems from changes to driving licence regulations in 1997, after which you had to qualify to drive a 7.5 tonne vehicle. Now you’ve got to go through a load of tests, have driver CPC, a digital tachograph card, and so on. There are so many different barriers to actually sitting on the seat and doing the job.” The group also cited lack of services and facilities as reasons the profession is suffering a recruitment crisis, as well as the dangers drivers face when crossing to and from Calais. This situation could be aided by autonomous vehicles however, as companies may need to hire fewer drivers in the future. Innovation such as this may also help to recruit a new generation of drivers, who see it as a chance to be part of a technological revolution in transport. L

Sponsors David Thackray Sales & Marketing Director, Tevva Motors Mark Lovett Commercial Vehicle Industry Professional, Leaseplan UK

Event Chair John Curtis, Motor Journalist

Delegates Chris Dixon Transport & Plant Operations Manager, Eurovia (UK) Ltd   Rob Ellis Divisional Fleet & Plant Manager, Ringway   Andy Wilson City Logistics Manager, TNT Express UK Iqbal (Ickie) Gill Procurement Manager, Heathrow Airports Limited   Michael Cook Senior Fleet Engineer, Babcock International Group   Georgina Smith Fleet Manager, Healthcare at Home Ltd   Rob Wood (Gas) CEO, Gas Rec   Norman Harding Corporate Fleet Manager, London Borough of Hackney   Mark Waby Procurement Category Manager – Fleet & MHE, Kuehne+ Nagel Ltd   Graham Tilllett Head of Fleet, British Transport Police Paul Wilkes Business Services Manager, FORS Amanda Lyne (Hydrogen) Managing Director, ULEMCo Ltd



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The 2018 Commercial Vehicle Show took place from 24-26 April and showcased many new debuts from manufacturers, as well as the official launch of the DVSA’s Earned Recognition Scheme The doors opened to the 2018 Commercial Vehicle Show with the launch of SMMT research, which showed the extent of the UK’s reliance on commercial vehicles. Almost nine in 10 people (88 per cent) said they believed their life would be negatively impacted if their use of at least one CV‑driven service, such as rubbish collection, bus services and online deliveries, was restricted. The survey shows that 46 per cent of respondents directly benefitted from a commercial vehicle in the last 24 hours. Receiving post and online deliveries were the most popular daily uses, while 79 per cent said they benefit from CVs at least once a week, with rubbish collection the most commonly recognised weekly use. Regularly travelling by bus or minibus and taking a taxi were other popular ways to use commercial vehicles. The DVSA launched its widely anticipated Earned Recognition Scheme at the CV Show, which allows commercial vehicle operators to prove they meet driver and vehicle standards. It will allow them to regularly share performance information with DVSA and in return, their vehicles are less likely to be stopped for roadside inspections. Dave Wood, DVSA’s enforcement policy manager, said: “Earned recognition marks a shift in approach from DVSA. It’s about rewarding operators who are serious about road safety and having a relationship where we work with them. By doing that, we can free up time and resources to focus on the dangerous drivers and vehicles that put other road users at risk.” To aid those looking to join the scheme, the The Freight Transport Association (FTA) used the CV Show to launch the Earned Recognition Data Hub. It will bring together both vehicle maintenance and driver data from multiple sources and


has been designed to be a low-cost, not‑for‑profit solution to help the industry. The vehicles Ford’s new Transit Custom was on display at the 2018 Commercial Vehicle Show. Powered by Ford’s EcoBlue 2.0-litre diesel engine, the new Transit Custom has been re-engineered to offer new features and capabilities including a new ECOnetic van variant, delivering improved fuel efficiency and 148g/km CO2 emissions. It has a newly designed front-end with three-bar Transit grille. Ford’s one-tonne van has a completely new cabin that offers best-in-class stowage, improved comfort and ergonomics, and easy connectivity with SYNC 3 or MyFord Dock options. It also includes Intelligent Speed Assist for the first time. Electric mobility Renault Pro+ Commercial Vehicles headlined its stand with the soon-to-be-launched Renault Master Z.E. With a real-world range of 74 miles, the Master Z.E. is suited to urban last mile deliveries, offering a balance between range, payload and charging time. Orders are due to open later in 2018 with deliveries following in the winter. Renault Pro+ Commercial Vehicles had 13 vehicles on display in total, including the Tech Parcel delivery conversion for the Master which was developed with delivery firm UPS. It features an innovative walk-through bulkhead, which means the operator can access cargo without getting out of the van. Business focused Mitsubishi debuted its new Shogun Sport Commercial and the limited edition Mitsubishi L200 Barbarian SVP II, which are exclusive to the UK market. The Shogun Sport Commercial is a business‑focused conversion which includes


a six-inch bulkhead and a completely flat floor. Security is enhanced with opaque rear side windows, with steel versions available as an option. It has a load area of around 1,500 litres and the ability to tow up to 3,100kgs (braked). It is powered by an all-aluminium 2.4‑litre turbodiesel engine, which is matched to an all-new, eight-speed automatic transmission and all-wheel drive system. The Mitsubishi L200 Barbarian SVP II is the second limited edition model to be produced by Mitsubishi Motors in the UK’s Special Vehicle Projects (SVP) division. It is powered by an all-aluminium 2.4-litre turbodiesel engine and the 4WD system can be combined with a six-speed manual or a five-speed automatic transmission. What’s more, Mitsubishi had its Outlander PHEV Commercial on show with CO2 emissions of only 41g/km, average weighted fuel consumption of 166mpg and an all-electric range of 33 miles – and a rear load area that can accommodate a maximum payload of 495kg. New pick-ups Nissan launched its Navara Off-Roader AT32 pickup for the European market. Billed as the ‘most capable Navara ever’, it includes bespoke suspension that increases ride height by 20mm, full protection of key underbody components and larger off-road tyres. For more performance, optional extras include a snorkel to improve wading depth and a front differential locker. The vehicle is engineered by Icelandic company Arctic Trucks, which specialises in building 4WD vehicles to take on the world’s harshest terrains. L FURTHER INFORMATION

PUBLIC SECTOR FOCUS Local authority measures to improve air quality and green their fleets 43 ClientEarth on air quality measures While we wait for the government to finalise its air quality plans, there are a number of encouraging examples of leadership coming from public sector organisations around the country

48 An electric & hydrogen fleet for Streets Ahead Sheffield City Council and Amey’s highways maintenance project, Streets Ahead, has a growing alternatively‑fuelled fleet, including hydrogen vans and electric vehicles. GreenFleet finds out more

51 Dundee City Council’s drive to go electric Dundee has been described as leading the way with its electrical vehicle infrastructure and uptake, making it one of the most EV‑friendly places in the UK. Rebecca Wallace explains why

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start with a blank sheet of paper and you. A low price point from a portal may be compelling but we want to offer you a more sustainable solution. Once we understand your mobility aspirations we will use the most current methodology from Deloitte to analyse your fleet profile and business needs. From this ‘whole life cost’ exercise you will be provided with a detailed analysis, identifying recommendations and suitable vehicle selections based around your specific needs. Talk to us about running a ‘whole life cost’ analysis for your business or complete the sixty second challenge. L FURTHER INFORMATION E: T: 01908 697442

A history of delivering success Through our parent company Daimler, DFM has a heritage that spans all the way back to the invention of the world’s first automobile in 1886. DFM are in pole-position when it comes to accessing enhancements in the fields of mobility; whether that be from the newest vehicle technology or the latest in automotive analytics. What’s more, through the acquisition of the European mobility powerhouse Athlon in 2016, DFM now has access to a wealth of tried and tested mobility products proving a success across Europe such as corporate car sharing, pre-paid mobility cards and many more bespoke solutions. DFM continue to thrive in the areas of rental, leasing, and fleet management whilst keeping a keen eye on future opportunities; from robo-cars to ride-hailing, or car‑sharing to autonomous chauffeurs. What does the most cost‑effective and efficient way to deliver success look like? It may sound like a cliché but there is no one-size-fits all solution, which is why we



Patricia Wolfe Head of Daimler Fleet Management UK Patricia Wolfe has worked for Mercedes‑Benz Financial Services for 22 years. She has been responsible for a number of large strategic programmes including new project launches, infrastructure and IT installations and international alignment projects across Daimler passenger car and commercial vehicle brands. In 2013 Patricia joined Daimler Fleet Management to cultivate their multi-marque contract hire and leasing business in the UK.

Stepping up to improve air quality The fight for clean air in 2018 has been pretty remarkable so far. ClientEarth has led the fight for tough action on air quality for almost ten years, defending people’s right to breathe clean air in the UK and in major cities across Europe – and things are beginning to change. The UK is under the cosh on air pollution not just from the High Court, but from the EU Environment Commissioner – who will announce in April whether the Commission will be taking the UK to court for consistently ignoring EU rules on air pollution. This could lead to hefty fines, and the UK government has already warned local authorities that they could face fines too if they are seen not to have taken sufficient action to tackle illegal and harmful air pollution in their areas. Air quality catastrophe Every month, reports of new vehicle sales confirm that demand for diesel is only going one way. For car companies this means facing up to the challenge of reorienting manufacturing towards non-polluting vehicles. Meanwhile, after years of inaction, pressure on the government to take stronger action is mounting. Last month saw the release of the findings of an unprecedented joint ‘super inquiry’ by MPs representing all major parties. The report concluded that there has been a serious lack of leadership

from the government. It made several strong recommendations to address the national “air quality catastrophe”, echoing many of those called for by ClientEarth. The report asks for a faster and more effective approach to implementing Clean Air Zones (CAZs) including mandating them where needed. It also points out that CAZs should be developed as part of a national framework, so businesses know that new vehicles they buy will be able to enter cities across the country. The report also sets out a vision for a new Clean Air Act. This would be a welcome update to the landmark 1956 legislation, taking into account the modern day sources of pollution, including transport emissions. The report agrees with ClientEarth that this new Act should ‘enshrine in law people’s right to breathe clean air’. It also calls for a targeted scrappage scheme to help small businesses and those on low incomes move to cleaner forms of transport.

Third clean air court victory February saw the culmination of ClientEarth’s third successful case against the UK government over illegal and harmful air pollution. The judge’s ruling puts more pressure on government to take long overdue action to sort out the illegal levels of NO2 across the UK. In response to the court orders from our cases, the UK government is requiring 61 English local authorities to come up with plans that lay out how they will tackle air pollution in their areas. The Mayor of London and the Scottish and Welsh governments are also obliged to take action. Final plans must aim to achieve compliance as soon as possible; choose a route to compliance which reduces human exposure as quickly as possible; and ensure that compliance with limit values is not just possible but likely. In other words, when selecting measures to tackle air quality, the determining factor must be their effectiveness, not their cost, and the measures taken must meet the legal limits in the shortest time possible. To avoid further delay in protecting people’s health, the judge also made an ‘exceptional’ ruling allowing ClientEarth to take the case straight back to court if the UK government’s supplement to its Air Quality Plan does not comply with the High Court order. While we wait for these plans to E

Written by Dominic Phinn, ClientEarth

While we wait for the government to finalise its air quality plans, there are a number of encouraging examples of public sector organisations tackling air pollution in their areas. ClientEarth’s Dominic Phinn shares some examples

The UK government’s response to a consultation on this was published in March. Unfortunately, it contained little more than a list of possible measures, with no detail of how they could be implemented. Crucially, the government missed its chance to propose a fair scrappage scheme. It seems the buck is being passed once again to local councils.

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 be drawn up, there are a number of encouraging examples of leadership coming from businesses and the public sector around the country. The City of London Corporation Of all the local authorities, the City of London Corporation has some of the worst air pollution in the country – down to its location at the heart of London and the density of the buildings and traffic that surround it. Tackling the issue is a key priority and through an informed strategic approach, it has implemented a number of effective measures intended to bring pollution down. Central to the City of London’s approach is effective engagement with businesses and residents. As one of London’s five Low Emission Neighbourhoods (LEN), it runs air pollution awareness events and works directly with businesses to tackle emissions from deliveries and freight. A rollout of electric vehicle charging infrastructure for residents is in the pipeline, along with restricted access of polluting vehicles to some of its most polluted streets, and the introduction of green taxi ranks. Committed to protecting the health of people living and working in the City of London and with strict restrictions on polluting vehicles on the horizon with the Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ), it has also taken strong steps to transform its own fleet. In 2016, the authority implemented a Corporation-wide ‘no diesel’ policy. For every new vehicle purchased the City Corporation does a business case study to make sure they choose the best-suited vehicle for the job. Oversight extends beyond their own fleet: any new contractor the city brings on board must have a fleet that meets FORS Grade Silver Requirements and complies with the CLOCS Standard for Construction Logistics. Oxford City Council Last year, Oxford City Council called the government out on what it considered

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over-optimistic modelling of its air quality problem. The city’s own air quality monitoring showed air pollution to be above legal limits in several streets in central Oxford. Based on this local data, the city council – in partnership with Oxfordshire County Council – proposed the world’s first Zero Emission Zone in Oxford city centre. They also installed vehicle charging points in residential streets using £800,000 of funding from the Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV). Yorkshire Ambulance Service Yorkshire Ambulance Service Trust currently operates a fleet that travels over 50 million kilometres per year. The service has set itself the ambition of reducing emissions as much as possible over the next few years. Their latest commitment is adopting hydrogen-electric vehicles as part of their support services. The service is also working with low-emission vehicle company ULEMCo to build a prototype hydrogen-electric ambulance, which will have zero emissions at tailpipe. This is the latest in many projects that the service has taken on to reduce pollution, including installing solar panels on more than 100 ambulances to keep their batteries charged. UPS We know polluting vehicles are likely to have restricted access to many urban areas and so reducing emissions is now a central priority for all organisations with large fleets. One of the biggest challenges when considering the shift to electric is providing on-site charging capability that will support significant take-up of electric vehicles. March saw the launch of a groundbreaking project from UPS: it now has the charging capacity to switch its entire central London delivery fleet to run on electricity. Of the 170 vehicles, 52 are already EVs and UPS will transition the remainder from diesel to electric over the next few years. The charging system, delivered together with UK Power Networks and Cross River

Partnership, and with financial support from the OLEV, uses a smart grid and on-site battery storage to provide an “intelligent approach” to vehicle charging. It is spread through the night so that electricity use in the building from lighting, machinery and IT is unaffected but a conventional expensive supply upgrade is not needed. UPS is showing that a scaled-up approach to electric fleets is possible, paving the way for other organisations to transition away from diesel commercial vehicles. What’s next? It is encouraging to see leadership coming from the private sector and local authorities. However, the air quality problem can only be solved with strong national leadership and funding. ClientEarth is committed to ensuring that the UK government delivers on its duty to meet legal limits of air pollution in the shortest time possible – ideally going beyond this to ensure the best outcome for people’s health. We continue to urge the government to provide more financial support, with contributions from carmakers to help progressive businesses switch to cleaner vehicles. We want to see further reforms to Vehicle Excise Duty and company car tax to incentivise take up of cleaner vehicles. Meanwhile, Clean Air Zones will soon be in place across the country. They of course need to take into account local conditions but have to be developed within a national framework so businesses know that the fleet they invest in will be able to enter cities across the country. If you work for a local authority and want to share your insights about what you need to tackle illegal and dangerous air pollution in your areas then do get in touch at: L FURTHER INFORMATION



Robert Mills from Daimler Fleet Management explores the pros and cons of Electric vehicles and the benefits of evaluating the whole life costs of alternative fleet solutions

EV Incentives: The government funded Workplace Charging Scheme (WCS) is a voucher-based scheme that gives eligible businesses support towards the up-front costs of electric vehicle charge‑points (application forms can be found on Businesses can apply for £300 support for each socket up to a maximum of 20 across all sites. When you consider that each new unit will cost anywhere between £2,000 – £5,000 to purchase and install (with rapid chargers costing significantly more) it is definitely worth undertaking a full cost analysis to understand your businesses position before you make the switch.

Written by Robert Mills, Daimler Fleet Management

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quodi ut molorem nospoints eumque The age ofblaborum consumer empowerment is uponaut ationse These charge howeverlaboribus often come us. in retail, dolo leisure and as at a premium far greater than the cost etTrends quoditiat quitechnology, de volecab orerisqui nitibusdae nullacianti well as legislation such as GDPR have placed mentioned above and require membership rest, sitiatis ut idem quodi consequat facimagnime pernatemquae more power and influence into the hands or subscription into a card scheme or mobile nimus earibus, tembefore. ipsaest es tonet of the consumer than ever But it’smoluptatium app in order gainet access. Whether being not just retail and leisure where the balance charged at the workplace, at home or on xoxoxoxo has shifted. Corporate social responsibility the road, electricity is not ‘free fuel’. and company culture has become a huge There are however a number of ‘free to determining for potential employees, charge’ charge points cropping up across FURTHER factor INFORMATION with a greater focus on corporate ethics and the country, usually found attached to hotel xxx responsibility. Offering employees the social chains, supermarkets or retailers. A ‘free’ choice of an electric vehicle is fast becoming charge can be earned by submitting your a big tick in the box for attracting top talent. personal data and registering with the brand. Furthermore it isn’t purely the perception You could consider the electricity to be paid of your business where an electric fleet can for by spam mail (not tax deductible). add value. A game of buzz-word-bingo is fast When planning on using public charge points concluded by a weekly flick through the media it’s important to remember that charging – searching out stories on emissions, diesel, a vehicle has more than solely a monetary or the future of the auto-mobile, leading fee but also a transaction measured in time more organisations to look towards electric and opportunity also; for however long vehicles... but is EV right for your business? your vehicle is off the road, it isn’t keeping your business moving. This is potentially Fuel Cost Vs Opportunity Cost: an argument for choosing a more premium Undoubtedly the cost of fuelling an electric brand of electric vehicle. In doing so gaining vehicle is far more economical compared to access to ‘super chargers’ able to recharge traditional diesel or petrol. The average cost your vehicle at a fraction of the time a per mile for a Nissan Leaf 40kWh is as low standard charger would. It’ll even send a as 2.4p compared to the average petrol or message to your phone when your vehicle diesel car which costs around 12p per mile*. is ready. What’s more: these charging bays It does however take over 13 hours to fully are often in prime position in the car park. charge, a significant amount of time for a vehicle to be off the road unless appropriate Charging up to avoid charges in: overnight charging facilities were available. The Mayor of London announced on 6 November 2017 that, in addition to the EV on the go: existing congestion charge, the proposed Ultra The main perceived barrier to EV is the Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) will operate from convenience of charge points, but believe it 8 April 2019 in central London replacing the or not the UK actually has one of the largest T-Charge introduced October 2017. With daily charging networks in Europe with over charges of over £12 per day for non‑compliant 13,000 charge points publically available. cars and vans and fines of £130 for

If you build it, they will come: Nearly 70% of company car drivers** said that they would choose an electric vehicle if given the choice. With the savings available in Benefit in Kind Tax, this isn’t a surprising statistic. But how many of those questioned would actually be able to charge their vehicle at home? We don’t yet have widespread government issued charging points in residential areas and it’s simply not possible for many of us to drape a charging cable across a pavement or lawn to recharge our cars at home. This leaves employers obligated to offer a charging solution in order to make EV viable for their business. Even if your office and parking facilities lend themselves to the installation of charging bays it can still be an expensive endeavour with not insignificant investment required in the ground works and installation. The alternative being more time spent at service stations, which can work out costly and time consuming.

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non‑payment of charges, businesses using the ULEZ zones can mitigate against these costs by investing in electric or hybrid vehicles.

Help is at hand: At Daimler Fleet Management we understand that choosing the right vehicles for your fleet is a big decision and not one you would enter into without all of the facts. That’s why the process doesn’t start with a sales call; it starts with a consultation. DFM want to understand your business and help you comprehend the whole life costs of any potential solution; be that EV, hybrid or traditional fuel type vehicles. If you want to know how EV could work for your business, DFM can work with you to propose viable options for your fleet or employee choice list - get in touch and challenge DFM to find the right solution for your business today. Talk to us about running a ‘whole life cost’ analysis for your business.L

* Costs based on an average of the HM Revenue & Customs Advisory Fuel Rates from 1 September 2017 ** Source: HMRC, Go Ultra Low calculations FURTHER INFORMATION E: T: 01908 697442 W:



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A growing eco-fleet for Streets Ahead Sheffield City Council’s highways maintenance project, Streets Ahead, has a growing alternatively‑fuelled fleet, including hydrogen vans and electric vehicles. GreenFleet chats to Thomas Cullingford, environment manager at Amey, the firm delivering the contract What is Streets Ahead and what makes up its fleet? Sheffield’s Streets Ahead project began in 2012 and is a city-wide 25 year highways maintenance contract between Amey and Sheffield City Council that is bringing the city’s roads, pavements, streetlights and streetscene up to standard. The first five years of the contract saw a huge drive to radically upgrade the city’s infrastructure. The Sheffield team have successfully resurfaced 1,475 miles of footways (approximately 70 per cent); resurfaced 727 miles of highways (approximately 65 per cent),

and made improvements to 1,314 bridges and other highways structures. The project has also installed 65, 435 LED street lights, removed and replanted 4,870 trees, and replaced 3,208 gullies Every day for the past five years, more than a mile of footway and over half a mile road was being resurfaced. We have completed a huge amount of work, which has had a significant and positive impact on Sheffield residents through improved roads, pavements, structures and street lighting. This major project is contributing to the wider regeneration of the city and is a major investment in Sheffield’s future. We require a significant fleet of vehicles to

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support the delivery of the contract. We have over 180 vehicles including 100 large vehicles (7.5 ton to 26 ton) and 80 small vehicles (cars/vans). All the small vehicle fleet is due to be replaced this summer. The new small vehicle fleet has updated and improved performance technology, plus due to our positive experience of electric vehicles we are expanding our fleet from two to 16 vehicles. What led to the decision to buy alternatively‑fuelled vans? Amey is committed to sustainability, the environment and innovation. The environmental and transport managers in Sheffield heard about the development of new hydrogen alternatively-fuelled vehicles and investigated to see whether this was a feasible Thomas Cullingford (left), Amey’s environment manager and Stephen Tindall, national accounts manager, Arcola Energy next to one of the new Streets Ahead vehicles powered by Hydrogen

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option to support the work in Sheffield. A business case was developed and with Amey management support, the decision was made to embrace this new technology. Working in partnership with Arcola Energy and Hitachi leasing we are participating in a Department of Transport trial to assess the efficacy of this environmentally friendly solution. How will the hydrogen vans be used? Our Highways Inspection team are using the vehicles daily, mainly within the Sheffield boundaries, and we have fitted additional equipment to enable us to measure the highway accurately. The vehicles are refuelled at the ITM Power facility which is based on the Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre on the edge of Sheffield. What needs to be improved to make hydrogen a viable fuel? The general availability of fuel needs to be improved and continued commitment by the government to the technology. Unfortunately, the early support provided by the government to these projects is being removed. The impact of this will probably mean that there will be a reluctance to invest in developing vehicles or the infrastructure due to costs associated with it. We have worked closely with Arcola Energy to overcome teething problems and provide feedback on the vehicles. How many electric vehicles do you operate and how are they used? We currently operate two full electric vehicles and two Hydrogen cell/electric vehicles but are committed to increasing our fleet stock of electric vehicles to 16 when the new generation is released In April 2018. Our electric vehicles are charged on site (Olive Grove Depot). Our overnight mains charging is giving us good

To date we anticipate approx £1,500 saving per year per vehicle for lease, fuel and road tax (although lease costs are subject to change) and 2,753kg CO2 per annum per vehicle returns due to an excellent rate per unit direct from basic three pin supply.

acceleration and braking and Sheffield is scoring very well nationally within Amey.

How have the drivers taken to alternatively-fuelled vehicles? The drivers are extremely positive about them. We did have concerns about the range the vehicles would have but they are fulfilling our operational needs and purpose. The new generation will deliver higher miles per charge and this will fit well into our local service.

What are your future plans for greening the rest of the fleet? We are replacing our small vehicle fleet in the next few months and we are investing in an additional 14 electric vans. We are looking at the commercial market for our larger vehicles and will investigate this further next year as our current fleet comes to the end of its lease. Early indications are liquid petroleum and compressed gases may be the way forward but electric is catching up due to more investment by personal users and companies like Amey.

How much are you saving in emissions and costs? We predicted to save a third in fuel costs. This has been tested over six months with positive results – to date we anticipate approx £1,500 saving per year per vehicle for lease, fuel and road tax (although lease costs are subject to change) and 2,753kg CO2 per annum per vehicle. Other benefits we are seeing from our electric vehicles include cheaper fuel costs, less noise, and easier maintenance. Are you greening your operations in any other ways? All drivers are assessed by in house ROSPA trainers before driving and all vehicles are fitted with telematics that assesses and identifies improvement opportunities for drivers. Driver behaviours are challenged around idling, speeding, harsh

What advice would you give to other fleets looking to buy alternatively-fuelled vehicles? Go for it. It’s cheaper (electricity), and more environmentally friendly. Make sure you have charging points installed first and your daily usage is within the daily range of the vehicle. But take advice, look at the options available and embrace the technology – which is improving and will carry on improving. Stay curious, keep looking at the alternative technologies and try them. L FURTHER INFORMATION



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Jaama’s multi award-winning Key2 system now managing more than 1.2m vehicles More than 1.2 million vehicle assets are now managed via Jaama’s multi award-winning Key2 asset management system

Record number of Key2 vehicle management systems The 1.2 million mark has been broken after Jaama reported that it had sold a record number of Key2 vehicle management systems to fleets, contract hire and leasing companies and rental specialists in 2017, up 84.5 per cent on 2016. What’s more, the company, which is moving into its 14th year as the provider of the UK’s most sophisticated and requested vehicle and driver management software system, is further expanding with a move into new offices scheduled in 2018. Jaama, which now employs almost 100 people and saw headcount increase by 34 people last year, will be moving into premises around three times the size of its current offices, which it moved into five years ago. Jaama’s software development team which makes up half of their workforce has already relocated into the new offices, which are on the same Tamworth business park on which the company has been located for the past decade having previously expanded twice into larger premises. Vanguard of asset management solutions Jaama’s policy of continually investing in its Key2 software to ensure that it remains in the vanguard of asset management solutions available to public and private sector fleets, contract hire and leasing companies and


daily rental businesses has been critical in driving the volume of customers using the system to unprecedented levels. During 2017, Key2 systems sold have been to a wide cross-section of organisations operating in numerous business sectors including local authorities, construction, facilities management and utilities, distribution, recruitment, healthcare, manufacturing, vehicle leasing and fleet management. With a strategy of ensuring customers have access to the latest version of the system, major costly upgrades are removed. Key2 is constantly evolving and is increasingly adopted by public and private sector companies. This is because it is a complete, all in one solution, managing your vehicles, drivers, financials and workshop. It provides the essential management information required to make strategic business decisions and allows easy access for your engineers to complete maintenance work and inspections via our Workshop Touchscreen module. What’s more, Key2 has its own powerful yet easy to use report-writing tool and scheduler, providing you with complete control of your business reports. The system has its own fully integrated accounts package and there are no future costly upgrade fees – you will always be on the latest software system. Finally, Key2 is web-based so we can host your application, meaning that you don’t need to carry any expensive infrastructure overheads for servers as you can access the software via the web.


The most recommended fleet management solutions provider Managing director Martin Evans said: “Many customers won in 2017 operate major fleets running, in some cases, several thousand vehicles, which means that implementation of Key2 is a major project. As a result, a number of fleets will be going live with Key2 in the first half of 2018. “The UK fleet market is the most mature and forward thinking in the world and Jaama is not only the leading supplier in the sector, but is also the most recommended fleet management software solutions provider in the country. Jaama will remain fully focused on serving fleets in its core UK and Ireland markets as well as its increasing global presence which alone saw a turnover increase of 5.5 per cent in 2017. “UK organisations collectively operating more than 1,200,000 vehicles now rely on Key2 and they recognise its class-leading functionality enables them to deliver a wealth of benefits that drives fleet operating efficiency, management and control.” During 2018, Key2 functionality continues to evolve with changes being made to ensure that users remain compliant with the May 25 introduction of the General Data Protection Regulation. In order to comply with the new data protection regulations, Key2 now includes the ability for operators to obfuscate data (that is no longer needed) from the system. Developments will also be made in tandem with the continuing digitalisation of government vehicle and driver-related services including the Earned Recognition Scheme. Additionally, new features will continue to be added to Jaama’s ‘My Vehicle App’, a genuine fleet industry game-changer delivering benefits to fleet managers thanks to ‘auto-triggering’ of Key2 as data/information is uploaded by drivers, as well as simplifying tasks for drivers. Switching software supplier or procuring a new system has never been easier. For further information on why we are the industry’s benchmark for quality and innovation and we are recognised as the most advanced software supplier in the market, and to arrange a demonstration of our software, please contact us today on the details below. L FURTHER INFORMATION Tel: 0844 8484 333 (option 2)

Dundee’s drive towards a greener fleet future In 2006, due to the decreasing quality of clean air, the whole of Dundee City was regarded as an Air Quality Management Area. In 2011 an Air Quality Action Plan was launched and the council installed four 7kwh chargers to power the new fleet of four fully electric vehicles after discovering that road traffic is one of the main sources of pollution that directly affects the health and quality of life for those in the city. Nobody could have anticipated the success of the vehicles. Despite the range at the time covering a maximum of 80 miles, it was quickly realised this was not necessarily as much of an issue as it had previously been made out to be. The short distance between locations in the city and surrounding towns meant staff had a relatively low daily mileage, which was well within the capable range of the cars. The

vehicles had ample time to fully recharge overnight, even on the slowest of charge. Over the years, the progress of the vehicles and charging technology have impacted decisions for renewing vehicles on the council fleet, which now consists of 87 electric vehicles – making up one quarter of the small‑medium sized vehicles. They allow staff to travel between workplaces (also reducing grey fleet emissions), to carry out other types of work in small vans and maintenance vehicles. As a result, Dundee City has been awarded 4 ECO star rating.

An incentive to charge The number of chargers the council has installed has also grown rapidly over the years. 56 chargers can charge 118 electric vehicles at any time – many of which are available to the public. All within 20 square miles, this is one of the most concentrated network of chargers in the UK. This does not include privately‑owned chargers, which brings the total to over 75 chargers in the area the council are aware of. Tesla has also installed eight of their own superchargers at the DoubleTree Hilton hotel. Charging from all Dundee City Council chargers has been free from the point of installation up to April 2018 to help reduce running costs further. This will help achieve the lower whole‑life costs of an EV sooner compared to a petrol or diesel – fuelled vehicle. An incentive to help reduce emissions in the busiest parts of the city was to provide free parking in Dundee City Council E

Written by Rebecca Wallace, Drive Dundee Electric

Dundee has been described as leading the way with its electrical vehicle infrastructure and uptake, making it one of the most EV‑friendly places in the UK. Rebecca Wallace, part of Dundee City Council’s ‘Drive Dundee Electric’ Campaign, explains why

It is essential to note that the charging infrastructure and fleet of zero-emission vehicles wouldn’t have been possible without the £3 million which has been invested in the city with funding from Westminster’s Office for Low Emission Vehicles and the Scottish Government’s Transport Scotland. With this help, Dundee City Council is now discovering the significant reductions in emissions and costs these vehicles bring, with over 1,000 tons less CO2 in the air, a 35 per cent reduction in maintenance costs and an instant saving of minimum 7p per mile.

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56 charger s can cha r g e1 electric vehicles18 any tim e – mans at y of wh availab ich are le to public the


Fleet management firm Fleet Evolution explains how salary sacrifice car schemes help employees go green Salary sacrifice car schemes promote the uptake of environmentally-friendly Ultra Low Emission Vehicles (ULEVs) and are one of the real benefits of implementing a well-constructed car benefit scheme for both employers and employees. So says Tamworth-based, car benefits and fleet management specialist Fleet Evolution, which has seen the average carbon dioxide emissions of new cars supplied under its schemes in the last 12 months fall to an all-time low of just 78g/km. This is great news for employees who have elected to have new cars under the schemes and pay Benefit-in-Kind taxation based on the CO2 emissions of their cars, as it means their tax bills are kept as low as possible. For example, in the current 2017/18 tax year, drivers of petrol engined cars pay tax on just 19 per cent of the PIID value of their cars, while those who opt for diesel cars pay a little more, at 23 per cent, due to the government’s newly introduced surcharge of four per cent on all diesel cars. Either way, it makes a car provided under a Fleet Evolution salary sacrifice scheme one of the most tax-effective means of transport around – and that’s before the multitude of other scheme


benefits are taken into account. These include all servicing, maintenance and repair, road fund licence, fully comprehensive insurance, corporate discounts, no credit checks, upfront payments or deposit – all of which combine to provide employees with an attractive, cost and time effective way to access a new car. Over the last 12 months, Fleet Evolution has seen a 43 per cent fall in the carbon dioxide emissions of cars supplied under its salary sacrifice schemes compared to the cars that employees were driving before they opted to join the schemes. Not only that, but their new cars are far more fuel efficient helping keep employees’ fuel bills down into the bargain, as well as aiding the environment. Andrew Leech, managing director


of Fleet Evolution, said: “Car salary sacrifice schemes remain an extremely valuable benefit to employees due to their convenience, ease of use, absence of credit checks or upfront payments and value for money. They also genuinely promote the uptake of less polluting, more environmentally-friendly cars. “For employers, a car salary sacrifice scheme shows that they are investing in their employees. Satisfied employees are key to a successful business and a salary sacrifice car scheme is one way the employer can contribute towards employee satisfaction and financial wellbeing.” FURTHER INFORMATION

 car parks for pure electric vehicles. This has been a huge success with over 350 vehicles signing up. Car parks with ANPR barrier systems recognise the vehicle and will allow a vehicle to enter car parks automatically. With potential savings of over £900 per year, some locals have bought an EV solely for this purpose. Even the smallest saving in parking costs is enough to incentivise travel into the centre by means of a zero‑emission vehicle. The decision to make free parking exclusive to fully electric vehicles has been controversial – especially among hybrid owners. The council found it difficult to offer the same rewards and benefits to vehicles that have a potential to be running on a petrol or diesel engine compared to those who take the plunge and run around emissionfree all the time. There is no way to regulate or police the electricity use in hybrids as some can only do 30 miles in electric before their fuel elements kicks in and heavily pollutes. This defeats the purpose of offering free parking to ensure a reduction of emissions in the city. However, any plug-in vehicle doesn’t have to pay for parking if they are charging at an on-street charger. Drive Dundee Electric In 2017, the council launched the campaign ‘Drive Dundee Electric’ to highlight and support EV uptake. As well as Dundee, the campaign reaches out into the neighbouring locale as there are many people who travel into the city from surrounding areas, which can easily be travelled by an EV. The campaign focused on highlighting the positive aspects of EV ownership, the local incentives and busting myths, misconceptions and anxieties that may prevent the uptake of an EV. Education around charging is essential in the campaign as it might not be initially easy for someone alien to the technology. Highlighting charge points in our area, giving demonstrations and giving people a chance to be in an EV are strategies designed to help people get familiar with the technology and normalise the idea that people are to refill before their journey

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rather than during it (unless travelling long distances). As people can be quick to analyse the drawbacks, promoting the short term benefits is more effective than the long‑term benefits and targeting the rising fuel prices, parking costs, high taxes and interest on loans as losses will help highlight the benefits and gains of EV ownership. Communication between the campaign and car franchises to help boost EV sales and highlight local incentives at a car purchase is essential for aiding the growth of EV sales amongst the public. Drive Dundee Electric have been present at events that include fun experiences such as the local Flower and Food Festival, Green Fleet Dundee, Cenex LCV and have also hosted a festive EV parade. This can help raise awareness around EVs in a unique or fun way which can not only be more appealing but more effective over attempting to educate an individual with statistics. With all the EV success it is of no surprise that Dundee City has seen an 18 per cent increase in electric taxis operating in the city from September 2017 – November 2017. The number of electric taxis operating in Dundee is now 10 per cent of the overall figure. With the rapid charging hubs to be complete in a matter of months we hope to see this figure grow even more. The close engagement the council has had with the taxi industry in the city has helped the uptake considerably. It was recently revealed by statistics from the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT) that the sales of pure EVs almost doubled in Dundee in 2017 compared with the year before. Driving forward Future plans for Dundee include continuing to develop the rapid charging infrastructure. Along with the three new rapid charging hubs, further individual rapids are to be installed at taxi hotspots. The council have also been looking into the possibility of installing V2G technology to aid the grid at peak times and exploring different charging solutions for those who cannot charge from home. This includes ambitions to refurbish a vacant multi-storey

car park. There are also plans to utilise the charging hubs and transform into mini EV Experience Centres, run by car franchises and the Drive Dundee Electric campaign. The campaign will also continue to support and encourage workplaces and businesses to install their own charging network and adopt EVs onto their fleet following ambitions to host another Green Fleet event. Dundee City Council will also continue to support and work with surrounding local authorities to ensure the charging network is seamless and without boundaries throughout the region. There are many challenges that the council and campaign face. Working with the Distribution Network Operators (DNOs) has been time consuming, infuriating and has been the cause of huge setbacks with installing infrastructure. There is also a concerning lack of mechanics that are trained in EV technology, not only in Dundee but across the country. The council sent eight of their mechanics to a course down in Milton Keynes to be specially trained in EV technology. Environment and air quality can be a topic easily dismissed as the impact has yet to be accurately put in perspective – the insidious nature of Dundee’s dirty air has gone unnoticed over generations. This makes it difficult to communicate how essential it is to change our ways. There are other issues which may be prioritised that directly impact an individual’s life such as money, public services and housing. There is more tolerance to the rising fuel prices as this has always been the norm and many do not see an alternative so will still accept it. Dundee City Council will be working to overcome issues and share experiences to help the rest of the country drive a greener and more efficient future forward. L FURTHER INFORMATION



Scotland’s Premier Low Emission Vehicle Event Friday 4 May 2018 Royal Highland Centre, Edinburgh

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First Drive

Volkswagen Passat SE Business 1.4 TSI ACT 150 Long served by diesel engines, Volkswagen’s Passat has looked to its past with a new range of petrol units now available to tempt fleet drivers

Volkswagen Passat SE Business 1.4 TSI ACT 150 ENGINE:

1,395cc four-cylinder turbocharged petrol







£165 first-year, £140 thereafter


24% £24,745 (including VAT, £25,030 as tested)

What is it? It’s been a number of years since you’ve been able to buy a solely petrol-powered Volkswagen Passat. The German executive D-segment challenger has relied on, and been well‑served by, a range of diesel engines well‑suited to its family and fleet car personality. But, now, as buyers want more powertrain choice, the big VW has revisited its past, and added a brace of turbocharged petrol engines to its line-up. Available since July 2017, the petrol-engined Passats come in four flavours: 123bhp and 148bhp 1.4-litre units, a 178bhp 1.8, as well as a 217bhp 2.0-litre. All are four-cylinder turbocharged ‘TSI’ motors, although the 148bhp version has a trick up its sleeve: it uses VW’s clever active cylinder shutdown (ACT) management system which closes off a pair of cylinders under light loads to aid emissions and economy. That’s the version we have here. How does it drive? Much the same as a diesel Passat. Which means it’s smooth and very comfortable, but even though the diesel is refined, perhaps predictably, the petrol Passat offers even more of a hushed driving experience. Rather obviously, at low speeds, the petrol edges the diesel for quietness, and out on the motorway,

the little 1.4 – which still seems very small for the Passat’s 1,940kg bulk – copes well, feeling as swift as the diesel. The cylinder shut-off, as in other VWs, is imperceptible. How economical is it? Volkswagen quotes a combined cycle economy figure of 55.4mpg, compared to the 67.3mpg on offer with the 2.0-litre TDI SCR with the same power output.

SE Business spec offers a good balance of kit, with niceties such as LED headlights, a ‘Discover Navigation’ colour infotainment system, and 3Zone climate control all thrown in. Estate models are available, too.

How much does it cost to tax? Until now, the sole eighth-generation Passat available with a petrol engine was the plug-in hybrid GTE. And while the 1.4 TSI ACT can’t match the In GTE’s official 40g/km of CO2 T AC emissions, 115g/km 1.4 TSI Passat e is commendable for a h t guise, ery similar large petrol car. The v a s o r alternative choice t e f e f o rienc r e p means VED is more x e g drivin l with lowe costly over some diesel equivalents, but the big a diese mpany petrol VW scores with its co lower 24 per cent BIK rate. taxation

What does it cost? The cheapest Volkswagen Passat with a petrol engine is the entry‑level S 1.4 TSI with 123bhp at £22,030. Moving up the range, the SE Business model with the same engine is £23,820, while the car here, car with the more powerful ACT unit costs £24,745. Also available in GT trim from £25,575 for the 123bhp motor, the sports‑orientated trim brings the bigger engines, the 1.8‑litre model priced at £29,155, with the 2.0-litre at £32,080. All the members of the of the Passat’s petrol engine family are also available in R-Line trim, the 1.4-litre 123bhp version kicking things off at £26,770. Both the larger-capacity units are allied to DSG gearboxes only, the 1.8’s with seven speeds, the 2.0-litre cars’ having six. A seven-speed DSG option can also be chosen with our test car’s 1.4 TSI ACT unit.

Written by Richard Gooding

MPG (combined):


Why does my fleet need one? In 1.4 TSI ACT guise, the Volkswagen Passat offers fleet drivers a very similar driving experience to a diesel-engined model, with the added benefit of lower company car taxation costs. Fuel economy is obviously one element to consider when doing the sums, but as a tempting well-built package, the petrol Passat is an attractive alternative choice. L FURTHER INFORMATION



Road Test Written by Richard Gooding


Vauxhall Insignia Grand Sport Tech Line Nav 1.6 110 Turbo D ecoTEC The Vauxhall Insignia is just one member of the British company’s Griffin-badged fleet-friendly family. As Richard Gooding discovers, the latest Insignia Grand Sport promises low emissions with added upmarket style What is it? The Insignia Grand Sport is the latest in a line of illustrious Vauxhall family and fleet cars. Revealed in the summer of 2017, the second generation of the big Vauxhall has can count the Cavalier and Vectra among its D-segment predecessors. Its family lineage goes back over four decades, when the first-generation Cavalier jostled for scarce fast lane space with the Ford Cortina and Morris Marina. The latest Insignia takes styling cues from the 2013 Open Monza concept car, and is based on the same platform as its smaller Vauxhall Astra sibling. Taughter, more dynamic styling and a pair of new names – the five-door hatch / ‘liftback’ is called the ‘Grand Sport’, the five‑door

arguably even better looking, especially in the detailing where the chrome window trim wraps into the rear light clusters. Inside, that coupé-feel continues, the low-slung driving position and wraparound dashboard offering a cocooning effect more akin to a sporting car than a family-orientated estate, the ‘Sports Tourer’ – mark out the motorway muncher. Quality in the latest car new car, as does a more premium‑looking has taken a step up, the fake leather dashtop cabin and a raft of new engines, including covering adding a more luxurious feel, while, a 1.5-litre turbocharged petrol unit. On with few exceptions, most of the buttons test here is the cleanest Insignia Grand and switches feel nicely made and durable, Sport, served up with a 1.6-litre, 107bhp while the eight-inch ‘Navi 900 IntelliLink’ turbodiesel engine and 105g/km of CO2. colour touchscreen infotainment system is easy to use and offers Apple CarPlay and How does it drive? Android Auto smartphone connections. From the outside, it’s clear that Vauxhall are The full-colour TFT instrument screen ahead aiming the Insignia Grand Sport a little higher of the driver is crisp, clear and works well, and than previous versions of its D-segment shows myriad driver information, and on our challengers. The new car boasts a style similar test car was upgraded to the £415 eight-inch to a four-door coupé in the mould of the option, which, with lots of read-outs is useful Volkswagen CC or new Arteon. While it’s to keep an eye on economy. And, as clear there’s a family resemblance, well as being well-equipped, the Grand Sport is a handsome the Insignia Grand Sport machine, while the Sports The Tech Line Nav is Tourer is l l a h Vaux rand practical, too, and G a i will swallow 490 n g i s e In n i L litres of luggage, h c e with the Sport T Turbo D

110 Nav 1.6has emissions ecoTec 5g/km and of 10 economy official .6mpg of 70

Upmarket interior of Insignia Grand Sport offers up more premium materials than before and lots of kit

1.6-litre engine good for 107bhp and 105g/km

seats up, 1,450 litres when they are folded. On the move, the Insignia Grand Sport is a composed companion. A happy and relaxing cruiser, the 1.6-litre diesel engine offers little if no noise when clipping along, the slightly gruff oil-burning rumble only making itself heard under a heavier right foot. The 17-inch alloy wheels transmit more road noise to the cabin than the car’s slippery shape does wind noise, but it’s not a deal-breaker. As you might expect for a car so sizable, the ride is good, and soaks up imperfections with barely a shrug, while a 92mm increase in wheelbase makes the Grand Sport feel composed and assured at all times. When the going gets twisty, the Insignia acquits itself well, too. Positively-weighted steering means you can place the car well on the road, and with low levels of body roll, the Insignia is fun to drive and feels much more nimble than its near 5.0‑metre length suggests. Sadly, the optional £850 ‘FlexRide’ system which offers three driving modes – Normal, Sport, and Tour – isn’t available on 107bhp-engined cars, but is on the 114g/km 133bhp model. The FlexRide system fine-tunes selected parameters of the car depending on which mode is selected. ‘Tour’ makes the Insignia Grand Sport even more of a comfortable cruiser, while ‘Sport’ does just that, offering up a firmer ride and steering feel.

Vauxhall Insignia Grand Sport Tech Line Nav 1.6 110 Turbo D ecoTEC ENGINE:

1,598cc four-cylinder turbodiesel





MPG (combined):





£140 first-year, £140 thereafter




£21,695 (including VAT, £27,085 as tested)

How economical is it? Vauxhall quotes an official combined fuel economy figure of 70.6mpg based on the soon-to-be discontinued NEDC test cycle. Over the duration of our 362-mile test, we achieved an average of 52mpg. What does it cost? The Vauxhall Insignia Grand Sport Tech Line Nav is priced from £21,675 in 1.5-litre Turbo petrol trim, and sits in the upper end of the five-door hatch range. Reflected in that positioning is a high level of standard equipment which includes 17-inch alloy wheels, automatic lights and wipers, cruise control, dual-zone climate control, front and rear parking sensors, LED daytime running lights, twin rear USB sockets, and a ‘Navi 900 IntelliLink’ eight-inch colour touchscreen infotainment system. The Insignia Grand Sport Tech Line Nav we tested costs £21,695, but had some selected options including LED headlights, a glass sunroof, a head-up display, a parking assistance system, as well as a wireless charger, which brought the price up to £27,085. The Vauxhall Insignia Grand Sport range starts at £18,780 for the petrol-powered Design 1.5 Turbo ecoTEC, and tops off with the £33,415 GSi Nav 2.0 BiTurbo D 4x4 Auto BlueInjection. The natty Sports Tourer (see panel), which, at £34,915 for the GSi Nav 2.0 BiTurbo D 4x4 Auto BlueInjection model, is the most expensive Insignia on offer. How much does it cost to tax? Insignias similar to our test which also pack a 1.6-litre, 107bhp turbodiesel engine under their bonnets are the cleanest Vauxhall currently makes. With 105g/km of CO2 emissions, they attract a Benefit in Kind (BIK) rate of 26 per cent, in line with the latest company car BIK rates, introduced in April this year. A four per cent diesel supplement applies if cars are not compliant with the new ‘Real Driving Emissions Step 2 (RDE2) testing programme. The new test was developed after the Volkswagen emissions issue, but as no diesel models have yet passed the procedure, the test itself is under review. If you choose the Insignia Sports Tourer with this engine, emissions rise to 112g/km.

Road Test

Insignia Sports Tourer: a slice of real estate As well as the five-door Insignia Grand Sport – which, despite the name, follows the traditional ‘liftback’ looks of the previous Insignia, there is also an estate named ‘Sports Tourer’. Its lifestyle-sounding name fits with its sports-orientated styling, and the Insignia Sports Tourer is a handsome load-lugger, its upturned rear window and swoopy chrome window detailing adding a touch of dynamism. The Insignia Sports Tourer range mirrors that of the Grand Sport, kicking off with the £20,300 Design 1.5 Turbo ecoTEC petrol, rising to the £34,915 2.0 BiTurbo D 4x4 Auto BlueInjection. In identical Tech Line Nav trim as our Grand Sport test car, the 1.6-litre Turbo D ecoTEC costs £23,235, a £1,540 premium over the non-estate model. A raised ground clearance Cross Tourer model is also available, priced from £25,950. Loadspace is 560 and 1,665 litres with the seats up and folded respectively.

Why does my fleet need one? Vauxhall has traditionally been a strong contender in the fleet market, and the Insignia Grand Sport follows on from mid‑size saloon star players such as the Cavalier, Vectra and previous-generation Insignia. A much more premium look both inside and out gives the new car a lift in quality, and while the lowest‑emitting of Vauxhall’s ecoTEC engines for the Insignia doesn’t match the official economy claims in the real world, it’s still a commendable unit. The latest generation of Vauxhall’s evergreen fleet challenger offers up a far more tempting proposition against long‑standing rival the Ford Mondeo, as well as more upmarket teutonic competition such as Volkswagen’s Passat. And while the Ford may beat the big Vauxhall on emissions (94g/km vs 105gkm) and therefore BIK, the car from Luton has a usefully cheaper list price than both. Comfortable, stylish, very easy to live with, and an enjoyable drive, the new Vauxhall Insignia Grand Sport is a very credible fleet car contender capable of gobbling up long distances with very little effort. Add in impressively low emissions for a car so spacious and there’s very little not to like, its environmental badge of honour worn with pride. L FURTHER INFORMATION




020 8532 0055



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Contact details will be: Phone: +44 (0) 20 7139 7777 Email: Website:

Doyle Electrical Services

“Sintec UK is a leading electrical installer of automotive systems, an approved installer of OLEV chargepoints under the Electric Vehicle Homecharge and Workplace Charging Schemes. We are NICEIC Approved contractor, a registered member of ECA and a proud member of the British Safety Council. We operate nationwide aiming to provide a state of the art service to all customers.”

Doyle Electrical Services Ltd, are OLEV grant approved EV charge point installers for Rolec, MyEnergi, and EO. We are also approved installers for Tesla. We cover East Anglia, Norfolk, and Essex. NIC EIC Approved Contractors.

EV `RECHARGING Tel: 01473 622 674


Manchester Electrical

West & West Ltd Tel: 01869 241024

We are an approved OLEV installer in the domestic properties and workplace claiming any grants for our customers. We initially installed over 200 car chargers around Greater Manchester for TfGM in 2013/14. These were street installs but we also work in hospitals, universities and tram station car parks.

West and West Limited are OLEV approved installers of workplace EV charge points. As experts in all types of commercial installations we can give you technical advice, sales information and ongoing service support. We install charge points to meet any budget and specification throughout West London and the Home Counties.



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Eastbourne Electrical LLP Tel: 01323 724248 Email: Eastbourne Electrical is your specialist charge point installer for the southeast. We work closely with you to ensure we install the most suitable charge points for your needs. We are OLEV approved and provide ROLEC, EO, Schneider and Tesla charge points.



Carbon Zero Renewables Carbon Zero are you Expert Installation Partners. We have installed nearly 500 electric car charging stations since 2012. We install a variety of charging stations to suit the client and their needs. We are OLEV Approved and can access grants. We also specialise in Solar PV and Approved by Tesla.



BMM Energy Solutions Ltd Website: Bmm Energy Solutions are a market leading supplier and installer of electric vehicle charging equipment. Being technology agnostic, we can offer the widest range of electric vehicle charging equipment available in the market place.  We specialise in fully managed installations including back office systems & maintenance for both private and public-sectors.


SJK Electrical Stratford Energy Solutions 01789 262411 Whether you are looking to install a domestic charging point or multiple workplace charging units we provide a full design & installation service for all electric vehicle charging needs. Working with leading manufacturers we are OLEV‑accredited so relevant grants can be claimed.


CC Solar Tel: 01903 734817 Email: Website: CC Solar is one of the leading suppliers and installers, approved by OLEV, of Electric Vehicle (EV) charging units on commercial and private properties across the South East of England. Specialising in the renewables industry, CC Solar also installs and maintains Solar PV and Energy Storage across the south east.

60 Tel: 01924 377641 Mobile: 07734 101674 SJK Electrical are commercial and domestic NICEIC registered electricians, specializing in electric vehicle charging installations, based in Wakefield. All installation needs addressed with the growing adoption of electric vehicles. We are OLEV approved for installations under the EVHS (domestic) and WCS (workplace) schemes, and available to assist in obtaining grants under this scheme.


Saliis Telephone: 028 90 455136 Email: SALIIS Ltd is one of the leading suppliers and installers, approved by OLEV, of Electric Vehicle (EV) charging units on commercial and private properties across Northern Ireland. Specialising in the renewables industry, SALIIS also installs and maintains large public and private sector contracts in Solar PV across the United Kingdom.


Voltacompliance Limited

McNally Electrical Yorkshire

01133 971361

Phone: 01535 444101 Website: Email:

Voltacompliance based in Leeds and serving the North East are OLEV grant approved. Specializing in workplace charge points and stations for your business. Rest assured with over 20 years experience within the electrical industry you can expect a customer focused professional solution, incorporating the latest technology.


At McNally EV, our professionalism and quality have led to us becoming the nationwide installation partner for Rolec, one of the largest distributors of outdoor electrical charging equipment in the world. No matter how big or small a job, McNally’s are here for you every step of the way. From installation, to maintaining your unit.



Orbis Engineering Services Ltd

Coventry Electrical

Ray Butler Tel: 01785 248201 Email: Orbis Engineering Services, leading specialist EV Charging Installers accredited by OLEV Grant. We are approved EV charge point installer with a vast range of EV charging points for destination and work place. Our professional services include maintenance, back office integration, reporting and payments. Please contact our friendly team to discuss.

Tel: 02476 650 000 Web: Email:

Tel: 01529 302 665 Web: Email:

Our mission statement signifies what everybody wants from an EV, to be Economical and reliable. Now expanding our services nationwide, we are OLEV accredited for both EVHS and WCS schemes. We offer professional, profitable EV solutions. Our specialist EV team is here to help you with all your requirements.

Butlers is a family-run electrical firm and one of the few OLEV-approved commercial and domestic installers of electrical vehicle (EV) charge points in Lincolnshire. Working with ROLEC EV, which manufacture Europe’s largest range of EV equipment, Butlers can manage the entire process from applying for funding through to design and installation.




SRG Electrical

Pencol Electrical Ltd

Jupiter Engineering

Phone: 0845 644 8209 Website:

Tel: 023 92 484333 Website: Email:

Tel: 01245 424882 Website: Email:

Offering our services throughout Hampshire, Pencol Electrical Ltd, install EV charge points for Domestic and Commercial clients. Fully OLEV approved for grant applications, we are registered installers of Rolec and CityEV. We also offer a free no obligation site survey and quote. See our website for further details.

Jupiter Engineering are NICEIC registered electricians; we are OLEV accredited to install a variety of EV charging units, providing a bespoke service to our clients for both Homecharge and Workplace installations. Approved to install Rolec, Pod Point, Chargemaster, myenergi & Andersen charging units covering the South East and London.

SRG Electrical Ltd, are an independent EV design, installation, maintenance and civils capable contractor. We are OLEV approved for domestic and workplace charging and remain one of the leading installers in the country. With nationwide coverage, from home charging to rapid chargers our portfolio is one not to be overlooked.



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Qerb Electric Vehicle Charging EV Driver Ltd Website: With electric vehicle infrastructure becoming increasingly important, the time to install is now. We supply, design and install domestic, workplace and commercial charge points. In addition we run a network that operates the chargers so you deal with one company. For more information give us a call on 01394 799799.

Plug It In Group Ltd Tel: 01535 601466 Email: Plug it in Group Ltd are an Electrical contracting company specialising in the installation of Rolec EV charging points, we offer a full package from design through to completion for all of your EV needs. We are OLEV approved and pride ourselves on first class customer service.

01752 546160 21 Sisna Park, Sisna Park Road, Estover, Plymouth, PL6 7AE QERB Charge, Electric Vehicle Charging, Electric Vehicle Chargers for Home, Workplace, SME, Garages, Car Parks, Large Commercial and Public Sector, Fleet Electric Vehicle Charging, Electric Vehicle Charging Facilities, OLEV Electric Vehicle Charging, UK Wide Installations, Smart Electric Vehicle Charging.



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McNally Electrical Yorkshire Phone: 01535 444101 Website: Email: At McNally EV, our professionalism and quality have led to us becoming the nationwide installation partner for Rolec, one of the largest distributors of outdoor electrical charging equipment in the world. No matter how big or small a job, McNally’s are here for you every step of the way. From installation, to maintaining your unit. Tel: +44 (0)1564 701 114 Email:

01928 787 179 The Quay, 12 Princes Parade, Liverpool, Merseyside, L3 1BG

ABS’ comprehensive catalogue of fleet management services and market-leading technology encompass all the necessary tools to cost-effectively outsource fleets’ administration departments; optimising output through developments designed to augment 21st century fleet management. ABS manages the whole fleet lifecycle, actively supporting growth and development of fleets of all sizes.

ULEMCo Ltd offer services to convert commercial vehicles to run on hydrogen dual fuel. Including the supply & installation of safely engineered retrofit, warranty and VSO certificate. Ideally suited to significantly reduce emissions for urban duties. Advice, consultancy and the supply of hydrogen refuelling capability can also be provided.

Admin Business Solutions

FINCA MARIPOSA A piece of paradise in Andalusia, Spain


The publishers accept no responsibility for errors or omissions in this free service

Don’t delay, call today. Special discount must end soon!

FOUR SELF-CATERING VILLAS Where else can you get chalet accommodation that offers: • breathtaking views over the Costa Del Sol • great temperatures in both winter and summer (mean of 25 degrees) • self catering: great for walking, sightseeing, and mountain-biking holidays • all kinds of mediterranean sports including golf, jet skiing, par-ascending, yacht/boat hire, snorkelling, scuba diving and windsurfing • just an hour from the Sierra Nevada ski resort (host to 1990 World Championships) • close to Nerja’s fashionable shops, restaurants and La Herreradura’s world famous FREE tapas, fine dining restaurants (including live music) and chiringuitas on the beach.

YOGA RETREAT Facilities for a small group yoga retreat up to a maximum of 12 people. The yoga classes are given by a qualified yoga teacher. Cool off in the pool after an intensive yoga session. mariposaholidays/




Ainsworth&Parkinson 28 Ashwoods Lightfoot 8 Carbon Clean 30 Civica UK 36 D&H Group 16 Daimler Fleet Management 42, 46 DPF Recovery 12 Drive Software Solutions 10,11 Driveline&Hydraulic 14 Fleet Evolution 52 Ford 26, Outside Back Cover Green-Mopeds 52 Jaama 50 Labyrinth Logistics Consulting 34 Mitsubishi Inside Front Cover Perpetual V2G Systems 18 Petro-Canada 33 Quality Urea Solutions 16 Suzuki 44 The AA 6 TMC - The Miles Consultancy 22 TOTALKARE Heavy Duty Work 32 Toyota 4 Transport Data Interchange 34

MOBILITY ALTERNATIVE FUELS LOW-CARBON VEHICLES GREEN FLEETS SUSTAINABLE LOGISTICS SMARTER BUSINESS TRAVEL AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENTS SUSTAINABLE AVIATION AND SHIPPING SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT SYSTEMS At edie Live we will show you how and why you should invest in electric vehicles, saving money and CO2 through smarter business travel. This is Mission Possible. Across the two day event, discover the benefits of greening your fleet; be inspired by thought leadership and best practice case studies to accelerate the transition to low-carbon; overcome your business challenges with experts in free consultations; and pinpoint future strategy to prepare for the long term. Register for free at 

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co-located with:






£22,065 - £13,495

26% -20%



Official fuel consumption figures in mpg (l/100km) for the All-New Ford Fiesta range: urban 38.1-80.7 (7.4-3.5), extra urban 60.1-94.0 (4.7-3.0), combined 49.5-88.3 (5.7-3.2). Official CO2 emissions 129-82g/km.

The mpg figures quoted are sourced from official EU-regulated test results (EU Directive and Regulation 692/2008), are provided for comparability purposes and may not reflect your actual driving experience.


GreenFleet 113  

The Only Fleet Publication Dedicated to Promoting a Cleaner Environment

GreenFleet 113  

The Only Fleet Publication Dedicated to Promoting a Cleaner Environment