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COMMERCIAL ALTERNATIVES How Iveco’s range of trucks and vans embrace alternative fuel technology to become both more efficient and emission-friendly




CV SHOW 2017

Technology and ideas for safe and efficient commercial fleets



Lowering emissions in Derby GreenFleet Derby takes place on 8 March. Read the preview on page 45


The new Golf. With intelligent driver assists.

The futuristic new Golf is packed with intelligent driver assist technology, such as Traffic Jam Assist and Emergency Assist. This helps you stay in control of the busy road ahead, before you contend with the busy day ahead.

We make the future real. The new Golf from £17,625 RRP. Model shown £25,805 RRP with optional extras. Standard EU Test figures for comparative purposes and may not reflect real driving results.

Official fuel consumption figures for the new model range in mpg (litres/100km): urban 29.4 (9.6) – 68.9 (4.1); extra urban 44.8 (6.3) – 74.3 (3.8); combined 37.6 (7.5) – 72.4 (3.9). Combined CO2 emissions 102 – 180/km.



COMMERCIAL ALTERNATIVES How Iveco’s range of trucks and vans embrace alternative fuel technology to become both more efficient and emission-friendly




CV SHOW 2017

Technology and ideas for safe and efficient commercial fleets



Lowering emissions in Derby GreenFleet Derby takes place on 8 March. Read the preview on page 45


Visit nflee video e e r g e v ti a rm for info tent on t con tal flee nmen enviro agement man



Follow and interact with us on Twitter: @GreenFleetNews

Will VED changes hinder ULEV progress? Forty-six per cent of motorists say cheap or zero car tax is a major draw for buying ULEVs, according to a poll from YouGov and commissioned by the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders.



GreenFleet Derby is at the Pride Park Stadium on 8 March. Read more on p45

However, changes to the VED car tax which comes into effect in April would see 66 per cent of available alternativel‑ fuelled vehicles, which currently benefit from zero VED, pay a flat rate of £130. While pure electric cars are still exempt from car tax, there are a number of hybrids and alternatively fuelled vehicles that are being hit with this huge tax rise, and many in the industry are concerned this will be a step backwards for the green vehicle market. Read the full news story on page 11, as well as an explanation on the changes on page 30. This issue of GreenFleet focuses on our reigning LGV Manufacturer of the Year winner, Iveco, with a look at the firm’s alternative fuel offering, which is now available on every model. Angela Pisanu, editor

P ONLINE P IN PRINT P MOBILE P FACE-TO-FACE If you would like to receive 10 issues of GreenFleet magazine for £200 a year, please contact Public Sector Information Limited, 226 High Road, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 GreenFleet® would like to thank the following organisations for their support:


226 High Rd, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 Fax: 020 8532 0066 Web: EDITOR Angela Pisanu FEATURES AND ROAD TEST EDITOR Richard Gooding EDITORIAL ASSISTANT Andrea Pluck PRODUCTION CONTROL Ella Sawtell PRODUCTION DESIGN Jo Golding WEB PRODUCTION Victoria Casey PUBLISHER George Petrou ACCOUNT MANAGER Kylie Glover ADMINISTRATION Vickie Hopkins REPRODUCTION & PRINT Argent Media

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© 2017 Public Sector Information Limited. No part of this publication can be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any other means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without the prior written permission of the publisher. Whilst every care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the editorial content the publisher cannot be held responsible for errors or omissions. The views expressed are not necessarily those of the publisher. ISSN 2399-4940

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Powerful, good-looking and a great communicator. With its range of economical engines, bold styling and sophisticated SYNC 3 touchscreen, the New Ford Kuga really is the whole package. To find out how we can help your business go further, call the Ford Business Centre on 0345 723 2323.












Official fuel consumption figures in mpg (l/100km) for the New Ford Kuga range: urban 30.1 - 58.9 (9.4 - 4.8), extra urban 44.8 - 67.3 (6.3 - 4.2), combined 37.7- 64.2 (7.5 - 4.4). Official CO 2 emissions 173-115g/km. The mpg figures quoted are sourced from official EU-regulated test results (EU Directive and Regulation 692/2008), are provided for comparability purposes and may not reflect your actual driving experience. Model shown is Kuga ST-Line X. BIK values were correct at the time of printing and are based on taxation rates for 2016/17 tax year. P11D value is the sum of RRP (plus VAT) and number plate charge (£25). Options available at additional cost. For more information on the April company car tax increase visit


Contents GreenFleet 101 17

09 News

35 CV Show 2017

17 Fleet management

40 Commercial vehicles

New rules for self-driving cars and charge points; Shell unveils hydrogen refuelling stations; extra fee for polluting vehicles in London to start this autumn; EV Experience Centre for Milton Keynes


Cenex’s project manager, Luke Redfern outlines how fleet operators can measure their own driver behaviour, route choice, traffic patterns and vehicle performance for more accurate cost and emissions modelling

GreenFleet award-winner Iveco’s familiar range of light and heavy goods vehicles has recently expanded to exclusively offer fuel-saving alternative‑fuelled versions of all its models

22 Renewable fuels

The GreenFleet events’ team is coming to the ‘Go Ultra Low’ city of Derby to host an event which will allow local fleet and transport managers hear about Derby’s electric vehicle plans

James Court from the Renewable Energy Association explains how electric, gaseous and hydrogen fuels have a role to play in cleaning up transport emissions

26 Expert panel: leasing

With Brexit, air quality targets and tax changes on the horizon, we ask our leasing experts what the main challenges will be for fleet operators in 2017 and how the leasing industry can help

30 VED tax changes 30

The Commercial Vehicle Show will offer visitors the opportunity to see a wide variety of options to help them operate and maintain a safe, efficient and effective fleet

From April 2017, the UK car tax system will undergo a major change with new Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) rates across the board. NextGreenCar explains the changes

45 GreenFleet Derby

46 Road test: Suzuki Celerio SZ3 1.0 Dualjet

The Suzuki Celerio is one of the cleanest standard internal combustion-engined cars GreenFleet has ever tested. Richard Gooding finds out that low emissions doesn’t necessarily mean low fun

48 First drive: Citroën SpaceTourer Business BlueHDi 150 M S&S

Richard Gooding drives the new Citroën SpaceTourer and finds it offers increased space and seating flexibility




GreenFleet magazine Volume 101 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE


A HIGH PERFORMANCE MINDSET Created from the Alfa Romeo Quadrifoglio – the pinnacle in Alfa Romeo engineering – the Alfa Romeo Giulia Tecnica version offers unparalleled comfort and outstanding specification for the Business user. The stunning Alfa Romeo Giulia Tecnica can be yours from just £31,840 (P11D) and thanks to its all-aluminium 2.2 Litre Diesel turbo engine, ownership is equally attractive. For more information, call our Business Centre free on 0808 168 7152 or email

Range of official fuel consumption figures for the Alfa Giulia range: Urban 33.6 – 53.3 mpg (8.4 – 5.3 L/100km); Extra Urban 61.4 – 80.7mpg (4.6 – 3.5 L/100km); Combined 47.9 – 67.3 mpg (5.9 – 4.2 L/100km). CO2 emissions 138 – 109 g/km. Fuel consumption and CO2 figures are obtained for comparative purposes in accordance with EC directives/regulations

and may not be representative of real-life driving conditions. Model shown is the Alfa Romeo Giulia 2.2 Turbo Diesel 150hp Tecnica at ÂŁ32,590 OTR including metallic paint at ÂŁ695.


New rules on EV charge points and driverless cars

Milton Keynes to host Electric Vehicle Experience Centre

New rules for self-driving cars and measures to improve electric vehicle charge points have been introduced as part of the Vehicle Technology and Aviation Bill. The Bill sets out measures to provide easier access to infrastructure for electric vehicles, which also means ensuring that the right infrastructure is in place for its growing market. Service stations on motorways could also be made to provide electric charge points and hydrogen refuelling stations under planned new law. John Hayes, Minister of State for Transport said: “If we are to accelerate the use of electric vehicles we must take action now and be ready to take more action later. “I recognise that to encourage more drivers to go electric, the infrastructure needs to become even more widespread than the 11,000 charging points already in place and more straightforward.” In addition, self-driving cars are set to have a single insurance for automated vehicles which will be able to cover both the driver when they are driving and the car when it is in automated mode. This means that victims involved in a collision with a self-driving vehicle will be able to receive compensation quicker and easier.

John Hayes, Minister of State for Transport: “If we are to accelerate the use of electric vehicles we must take action now”

This comes after a consultation by the Department for Transport (DfT) regarding issues of insurance for driverless cars that closed in September last year. Transport Secretary, Chris Grayling, said: “Automated vehicles have the potential to transform our roads in the future and make them even safer and easier to use, as well as promising new mobility for those who cannot drive.” READ MORE

Milton Keynes has been chosen as the location for the EV Experience Centre, the UK’s first shopping centre multi-brand showroom. It is part of the city’s £9 million Go Ultra Low Cities programme, which encourages the uptake of low emission vehicles. The project is due to launch this spring and will be located within Milton Keynes’ premier shopping centre. It will help residents understand the potential of owning an electric vehicle and will showcase the latest EV technology. Trained professionals will answer questions and refer them to relevant companies and the city’s residents will be able to test drive vehicles on a short or long-term basis. Charging infrastructure company Chargemaster will set up and operate the EV Experience Centre.




Electric rapid response cars for North West Ambulance Service

Shell unveils first of three hydrogen refuelling stations

The North West Ambulance Service will be one of the first ambulance services in the country to bring in electric cars as part of its rapid response fleet. The ambulance service currently has 174 rapid response vehicles and will be trialling four electric BMW i3 vehicles. The vehicles use a small petrol engine to generate electricity to the battery to extend the range, which will only be used in “extreme circumstances”. The Trust will look to replace all rapid response vehicles with the new electric models gradually in the coming years once the lifespan of the current vehicles comes to an end. The electric vehicles are expected to save up £2.5 million in fuel costs over four years.

Shell has unveiled its first hydrogen refuelling station in the UK with plans to open two more this year. The new station is situated on the M25 at its Cobham service station and has been supplied by ITM Power. It is the first fully branded and public hydrogen refuelling site in the UK and has been introduced to the country following the success of sites in California and Germany, where Shell is part of a venture to create up to 400 hydrogen sites. The fuel company is currently in the process of delving into potential future projects in the US, Canada, Austria, Belgium, France, and others.



Matthew Tipper, vice president, Future Fuels at Shell, said: “Hydrogen has the potential to become a clean and versatile transport fuel for the future, and the Cobham hydrogen site is one of the ways Shell is encouraging the use of alternative fuels to contribute to the energy transition. This will provide customers with hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles the ability to refuel simply and quickly, at one of the largest petrol stations in the UK.” READ MORE





London’s ’T-Charge’ for polluting vehicles to start this autumn London’s mayor, Sadiq Khan, has confirmed plans to introduce an additional fee to be placed on old polluting vehicles in the Central London Congestion Charge Zone. About 100,000 vehicles are expected to be affected by the surcharge, which is known as the ’T-Charge’, and it will come into effect on 23 October 2017. It will apply to diesel and petrol-powered vehicles that do not meet the Euro 4 standard on emissions, which was introduced 11 years ago, and see an extra £10 added to the original congestion charge.

The T-charge will operate on top of, and during the same operating times, as the Congestion Charge (Monday to Friday 7am-6pm), so it will cost £21.50 to drive a pre‑Euro 4 vehicle in the zone. Natalie Chapman, FTA’s head of policy for London, commented: “It is incumbent on all of London’s road users to work together to reduce emissions in the capital, to help improve the city’s air quality. READ MORE


VED changes may threaten the UK’s ULEV market

Forty-six per cent of motorists say cheap or zero car tax is a major draw for buying ULEVs, according to a poll from YouGov. However, changes to the VED brackets in April would see 66 per cent of available alternatively fuelled vehicles, which are currently exempt from tax, pay a flat rate of £130. According to a YouGov survey, commissioned by the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT), 51 per cent of motorists said that low running costs were the biggest draw for electric vehicles. About 36,000 alternatively‑fuelled vehicles were bought by Britons last year, but rising tax costs are expected to deter potential buyers from

choosing an ultra-low emission model. The survey also showed that just 13 per cent of British motorists are considering an alternatively‑fuelled car for their next vehicle. SMMT chief executive Mike Hawes commented: “Thanks to massive investment by vehicle manufacturers, British car buyers have never enjoyed so much choice and that extends to every fuel type. “However, our survey highlights the need for ongoing government support for this new market.” READ MORE

LowCVP’s Andy Eastlake

Air quality, court rulings and implications for diesels Few fleet operators can fail to be aware of the intense discussions that have been taking place in recent months about the operation of diesel vehicles in our most polluted city areas. Following the NGO Client Earth’s court victories, the government is under intense pressure to come up with a plan explaining how it’s going to meet European targets for air quality. So it’s an uncertain – even scary – time for fleet managers with significant urban operations. The evolving policy environment presents a challenge to those considering the composition of their future fleets and their operational arrangements. There has already been significant progress in cutting polluting emissions from buses. The LowCVP has been closely involved in policy formulation and introduction in this area and we are now aiming to make similar progress in the freight sector. Increasingly, attention is moving to diesel cars and vans which are seen as responsible for the largest amount of urban particulate (PMs) pollution as well as a considerable amount of NOx. The level of public concern has been further raised by evidence that real-world emissions are exceeding those predicted by type approval tests. In London, the new ‘T-Charge’ (officially the Emissions Surcharge) means that cars, vans, minibuses and heavy vehicles driving in Central London that do not meet the emissions standards will have to pay a £10 daily charge, in addition to the Congestion Charge. It’s expected that the T-Charge will mostly affect vehicles registered in, or before 2005. There have been increasing calls for a diesel scrappage scheme, targeted at older vehicles, which may well have a part to play. From the LowCVP’s experience in assessing retrofit options for buses and trucks we know that, for example, fitting an older vehicle with SCRT (Selective Catalytic Reduction Technology) can reduce NOx emissions by 80 per cent, while the latest European data indicates that new Euro 6 standard vans may only be 20-30 per cent better in terms of NOx than Euro 2 or 3. So there are discussions going on – in which the LowCVP is closely involved – to figure out the costs, benefits and practicalities of alternative approaches. In this debate, which is focusing mainly on the urgent need to improve urban air quality, we must also be mindful of the potential impacts on CO2 emissions. On a like-for-like basis, diesel cars generally emit significantly less CO2 than their petrol counterparts so may still offer benefits when operating in areas free from air quality problems. Road transport electrification is, of course, one of the main prescriptions of policy makers and can help to tick both the CO2 and air quality boxes. Solutions to the twin problems of pollution and climate change are closely inter-related, complex and needed urgently but they need to be based on solid evidence, innovative and not too narrowly focused. FURTHER INFORMATION



Commercial Vehicle News

The true cost of running electric fleets The recent rise of electric and hybrid vehicles has seen a rapid development in the technology and infrastructure to support them. This new technology has the potential to reduce costs across the board, something for fleet managers to consider. With the governmental aim for all vehicles to be ultra‑low emission by 2050, numerous government grants are available to encourage their purchase. Companies can apply for a price reduction of 35 per cent for cars and 20 per cent for LCVs. Additionally, the Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Fleet Support Scheme offers £2 million for public and private sector fleets to invest in EV and hybrid vehicles. The Operational Fleet Insight Report, produced by the AA in conjunction with BT Fleet, indicated fleet managers are looking to up spend by 75 per cent on fuel efficient technology and 62 per cent on hybrid and electric vehicles. Partnerships, such as the AA’s with Chargemaster, have seen an uplift in popularity, leading to an increase in UK charging stations. Although costs vary between providers, one common approach to reducing costs is a yearly access fee of £20, plus a nominal charge for every use. Fleets can install charging stations on their own premises, costing around £1,000. Although there is no grant for this, there is for home charging stations, covering up to 75 per cent of the installation cost. Per mile driven, an EV is around five times cheaper than the average petrol car because of lower running costs and tax incentives. For some fleet managers, investing in EVs may mean they don’t have to pay Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) or a congestion charge in London. Fleet drivers may also be eligible for Benefit in Kind (BiK) savings and additional tax breaks. The AA has invested in training for staff so that every patrol is EV high voltage aware. The cost of business breakdown cover is also the same, regardless of being electric, hybrid or traditionally fuelled. New EVs and hybrid vehicles are entering the market with increasingly impressive mileage and, within two years, the expected norm will be a range of around 200 miles from a single charge. This, as well as advances in charging stations, will mean electric vehicles can compete with the mileage of traditionally‑fuelled vehicles.


Waitrose unveils biomethane CNG truck fleet with 500‑mile range

The supermarket chain has introduced 10 Scania-built lorries, which run purely on natural gas, which is believed to be the first of its kind in Europe. Renewable biomethane CNG is one of the most cost-effective and lowest carbon alternative to diesel for heavy goods vehicles (HGVs) and emits about 80 per cent less CO2 than diesel. In order to overcome concerns over range, Waitrose worked with CNG Fuels and Agility Fuel Solutions to have twin carbon fibre tanks, which store 250 bars of pressure, installed in order to increase the range of the vehicles from 300 miles to 500. The HGVs will be used to make deliveries to Waitrose stores in the Midlands and the north of England and are the first fleet to use 26-inch diameter

carbon fuel tanks in Europe. The tanks are already in use in the US and were adapted and certified for the European market by Agility Fuel Solutions. The HGVs are half a tonne lighter in comparison to the diesel models and can hold more gas and cover more distance, depending on much it is carrying. Each of the CNG-fuelled trucks cost 50 per cent more than the ones which run on diesel, but the costs will be repaid in fuel savings in the next three years. They are also likely to last five years longer than the HGVs which run on diesel, also generating more savings. READ MORE

FURTHER INFORMATION For further information, contact Stuart Thomas on 0800 55 11 88 or Author: Stuart Thomas, head of fleet services, the AA


North East Lincolnshire Council adds electric Nissan vans to its fleet Eleven new Nissan e-NV200 electric vehicles will be used by North East Lincolnshire Council for operations such as waste services, grounds maintenance, pollution control. They will also be used for security services which are run by ENGIE. The vehicles are more cost effective and believed to have a longer life expectancy, and will be used by council officers in the coming weeks. With a range of about 108 miles on full charge, the fuel costs will amount to £300 per 10,000 miles, in



comparison with the diesel equivalent of around £1,500. The council has also purchased some of the e-NV200 Combi vehicles which have been adapted to accommodate wheelchair users and vulnerable children. North East Lincolnshire Council has set a target of becoming the UK energy capital by 2032. READ MORE

Commercial Vehicle News



Bus use increases as services become greener and more convenient The number of people Any Journey is s using buses Greener by Bu in towns and cities across the UK has grown thanks to cleaner vehicle technology, better connectivity and improved convenience, a new report shows. The Any Journey is Greener By Bus report by the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership (LowCVP) shows that bus use from 2009/2010 to 2015/16 has increased by 19 per cent in Bristol, 17 per cent in Reading, 15 per cent in Milton Keynes and 12 per cent in Oxfordshire. riences Passenger expe services of modern bus



These services have benefited from investment and prioritisation from local councils and partnership with operators. York has also seen a seven per cent increase in bus usage since 2011, which estimates to an equivalent of 600,000 extra passenger journeys each year. Some of the reasons for growth cited in The Any Journey is Greener by Bus report includes cleaner vehicle technology, real-time travel information, integrated ticketing, free Wi-Fi and charging, improved seating, shorter journeys, better routing and bus priority measures such as bus lanes. READ MORE


Mercedes starts electric truck trial for distribution services An electric Mercedes-Benz truck is set to be used for short-radius distribution as part of a customer trial. The Urban eTruck will run for customers from different sectors in Germany and throughout Europe. It has 25 tonnes of gross vehicle weight and a range of up to 124 miles/200km. The Urban eTruck is part of a comprehensive electric

initiative from Daimler Trucks. Around 150 Urban eTruck vehicles will be handed over to selected customers in Europe, Japan and the USA. Daimler Trucks is covering a wide application portfolio of electric trucks all over the world. READ MORE

Government welcomes FTA’s work on carbon reduction The Department for Rachael Dillon, Transport (DfT) has climate published a Freight Carbon change Review which focuses on policy manager, measures for road freight FTA to reduce emissions by 2032 in line with the Government’s fifth carbon budget (2029-2032). HGVs are reported to make up around 17 per cent of UK greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions but make up just five per cent of vehicle miles. Pleasingly, there are no plans to regulate the sector on carbon emissions and the DfT is supportive of FTA’s Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme (LCRS), a voluntary initiative to record, report and reduce emissions from road freight. The Review states: “the government welcomes FTA’s ongoing work and is supportive of wider participation amongst the freight and logistics industry.” The Review gathered evidence on the key opportunities for and barriers to reducing road freight emissions. It considers the core measures that can be taken to reduce carbon emissions – operational actions, optimising fleet design, reducing road miles and use of alternative fuels. Within the Review, a number of commitments have been made. The government will continue to monitor the emissions performance of dedicated gas and dual fuel HGVs. The DfT will work with the Energy Saving Trust to pilot an HGV fleet review scheme, to advise SME fleet operators on reducing fuel consumption and costs. There will be a five-year extension to the Longer Semi-Trailer trial and an increase in the number of permitted LSTs by 1,000. A £20 million Low Emission Freight and Logistics Trial has been announced to support the uptake of alternative fuels and low carbon technologies. The government is due to develop proposals to seek an EU derogation that will allow Category B driving licence holders to operate alternatively‑fuelled vehicles up to 4,250kg (the current limit is 3,500kg). There is also a commitment to support a HGV accreditation scheme to assess fuel and ghg emissions savings from aftermarket technologies and to transpose amendments to Weights and Dimensions by May 2017, including the adoption of alternatively-fuelled HGVs up to an extra tonne. There is also a commitment to further investigate the costs and benefits of industry collaboration Additionally, the Freight Carbon Review takes account of the ongoing work on Clean Air Zones (CAZs) required to reduce air pollution. FTA believes that the biggest challenge to the carbon agenda over the next few years will be trying to meet the government’s demands on air quality. Euro VI trucks are around 80 per cent cleaner on local pollutants than previous versions, but no better on greenhouse gas emissions. There is a danger that companies will be forced to exclusively focus on acquiring Euro VI vehicles which may mean the move to alternative fuels will stall. More government support on both air quality and carbon is needed to make sure this doesn’t happen. The Review will feed into Government’s upcoming Emissions Reduction Plan covering all sectors. FURTHER INFORMATION



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Fleet Management Written by Luke Redfern, project manager at Cenex

Delving deeper into a fleet’s real-world performance Cenex’s project manager Luke Redfern outlines how fleet operators can measure their own driver behaviour, route choice, traffic patterns and vehicle performance to compare against industry standards, and ultimately produce more accurate total cost of ownership and emissions modelling Over the last decade, the diesel engine has been the logical choice for fleets for economic and carbon-reduction reasons. Fleet owners and operators have refined their decision-making based on the ability to apply diesels across the full range of fleet operations. Despite the inherent efficiency of diesels, published data on fuel consumption has always been treated with a level of scepticism, and the majority of fleets have monitoring systems to record real-world fuel economy and carbon emissions for high-mileage vehicles. The cost-benefit ratio of deploying on‑vehicle telemetry means low-mileage and grey fleet vehicles typically go unmonitored. However, data can carry over to these vehicles for reasonable assessments to be made. Now the logic of diesel-only fleet operations is under challenge as the motor industry has switched its investment to electrified powertrains. Its product ranges have an increasing number of battery-electric and plug-in hybrid vehicle options, and today’s fleet replacement investment decisions need to compare these available options with diesel. Clear capture The Cenex fleet team has developed a new vehicle-monitoring approach called CLEAR Capture, which, with support from emissions

analytics, offers a low-cost means by which fleet managers can gain valuable insight into real-world pollutants and carbon emissions. This can help inform replacement decisions for key segments of their fleets. For air-quality management purposes, the end goal will always be for battery-electric vehicles to deliver zero tailpipe emissions. However, as electric vehicles are very new to the market, Euro standards provide the proxy measure for reductions in pollutant emissions from diesels, with a downward trend expected with each older vehicle being replaced. That latter assumption has now been strongly challenged, as data has demonstrated that laboratory compliance required for Euro standards doesn’t carry over into the real world. Furthermore, variability between different cars and vans can be marked. This adds a level of complexity to decision‑making for fleet renewal at a time when clean-air zones are being proposed for a number of the UK’s main cities. As with London’s Low Emission Zone,

the introduction of other clean-air zones means fleet managers with operations in those cities need to consider the real-world operations for all fleet vehicles, not just those that currently have telemetry fitted. This is where low-cost data collection and emissions estimation solutions become a business priority. By applying CLEAR Capture, fleet operators and local authorities can measure driver behaviour, route choices, local traffic patterns, and performance for categories of vehicles that don’t have telemetry already fitted, and compare it against industry standards. This will ultimately produce more accurate total cost of ownership and emissions modelling.

For lity air-qua ent em manag , the end es purposill always be goal w tery-electric for bat s to deliver vehicle tailpipe zero ions emiss

Using the system Firstly, as a simple and unobtrusive method to track current vehicle fleets, the CLEAR Capture system can be installed in either the cigarette lighter or the OBD port, both of which are easy to access. The fleet doesn’t need external technology support to install E Volume 101 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE



020 8532 0055

The Cenex fleet team has developed a new vehicle-monitoring approach called CLEAR Capture, which offers a low-cost means by which fleet managers can gain valuable insight into real-world pollutants and carbon emissions. This can help inform replacement decisions for their fleets the fleet. This will give fleet managers an unbiased look at the best low emissions technology to meet their fleets’ specific needs. Fleet pressures An accurate understanding of the daily pressures placed on the fleet is critical to making smart decisions when it comes to replacing and upgrading vehicles. The greater the variety of vehicles in the fleet, the more complex it becomes to understand the overall needs of a mixed-vehicle fleet and make the appropriate investments. Accurate tracking systems such as CLEAR Capture are ideal for inner-city fleets affected by clean-air zones, such as logistics companies, courier services, private-hire taxi vehicles, postal services, public sector authorities and emergency services, and car-sharing schemes. With services that analyse a fleet’s petrol and diesel cars and vans (up to 2.2 tonnes

Fleet Management

 the no-hassle, plug-and-go tracker, which is mailed to the operator and installed by the user. Secondly, the type of data being collected should be reconsidered. Typically, organisations don’t collect journey-specific data, instead focusing on annual or quarterly reporting, which means vehicles are not segmented appropriately. If the vehicle fleet is first divided into specific classifications based on journey type and driving style, the data will become more actionable and provide insight to make better purchasing decisions that meet the company’s unique operational needs. Segmenting vehicles by those that make regular stops, urban delivery versus long-haul, and load type will allow fleet managers to analyse the full range of their procurement needs rather than a general overview of the fleet. Understanding the fleet on a vehicle‑by‑vehicle basis and using representative vehicles for groups with similar driver cycles and journey distance will produce a much more nuanced picture of the vehicle specifications the procurement exercise must meet. For instance, if only one-quarter of the vehicles experience frequent idling, there is no need to invest in energy‑recovering systems for the entire fleet. Thirdly, fleet managers should identify reasonable ranges of comparable low carbon or low emissions vehicles upon which they can benchmark their fleets’ performance. In the CLEAR Capture model, car fleets are compared against an electric vehicle (EV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) and range-extended electric vehicle (REEV). Vans are only compared against an electric model due to technology maturity and market availability, but extra analysis of gas and biofuels can be added. Heavy-goods vehicle (HGV) fleets are more complex, but Cenex is working to develop a version of the CLEAR Capture analysis for vehicles above 2.2 tonnes. Real-world data market Next, the benchmarks need to be based on other real-world market data. Using aggregated data on duty cycles allows the energy consumption (and range) of an electric vehicle to be more accurately forecast. Relying on manufacturers’ data can produce wildly optimistic estimates of total cost of ownership (TCO), because they tend to significantly underestimate energy consumption compared to real-world driving patterns. Finally, the reporting structure needs to be simplified. Too often we see driver behaviour and vehicle usage reports that are full of good information, but so complicated that they become too arduous to digest. Overly complex metrics and measures ensure a report is put on a shelf and never looked at again. The Cenex team will provide fleet owners with tailored walk-throughs of their reports, offering the service and technical knowledge to support implementation. A clear, action‑oriented report should start with the procurement objectives (investment in low carbon vehicle technology to comply with UK air-quality zones) and end with a road‑mapping exercise that identifies the vehicles and technologies that work for

GVW) and compare the TCO with similar EV and hydrogen engine models, CLEAR Capture is a way for small and medium-sized fleet owners to dip their toes into the low carbon vehicle market with minimal risk. For larger fleets, the transition to more efficient, lower-emission vehicle fleets has become business critical. Whether operators are considering the business’s sustainability, compliance, or brand reputation, the opportunity to invest in green fleet technology is here. Armed with the data that shows how a fleet operates today, fleet owners will be able to confidently invest in the technologies of tomorrow that will deliver cost efficiency and emissions reduction without the burden of trial and error. L FURTHER INFORMATION







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VISIT FIATPROFESSIONAL.CO.UK TO FIND YOUR NEAREST DEALER Fuel consumption figures for the Fiat Professional range in mpg (l/100km): Urban from 24.4 (11.6) – 62.8 (4.5); Extra Urban from 48.7 (5.8) – 83.1 (3.4); Combined from 33.2 (8.5) – 74.3 (3.8). £834 followed by 35 monthly rentals of £139. Doblò 1.3 90 HP MultiJet Tecnico Euro 5 + with an initial rental of £894 followed by 35 monthly rentals of £149. Fullback 2.4 180 HP Double Cab LX 6 Speed Manual Euro 5+ (incl. metallic paint at £400 excl. VAT) with an initial rental of £1,791 followed by based on 10,000 miles per annum except Fullback at 8,000 miles per annum. Excess mileage charges apply. Offer valid for vehicles ordered from 5th January 2017 and registered by 31st March 2017. Subject to status. A guarantee or indemnity may be required. Ts&Cs apply. Fiat Professional Contract Hire, SL1


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Renewable Fuels Written by James Court, head of policy and external affairs, Renewable Energy Association

Cleaning up transport with renewable fuels James Court from the Renewable Energy Association explains how electric, gaseous and hydrogen fuels are playing a significant role in cleaning up the country’s transport emissions Timed to coincide with the COP22 UN climate change meeting in Marrakesh last November, the government’s welcome of the freshly-ratified Paris climate change agreement in Parliament summed up their motivations succinctly. “We look ahead to continuing our leadership on climate action and ensuring that British business continues to play a key role in this new global low carbon economy,” announced secretary of state Greg Clark. Industry agrees. Motivated by an ambitious Climate Act and binding Carbon Budgets there is significant scope for British businesses to become international low‑carbon technology leaders. There are narrow windows in time in which, if industry and government collaborate effectively, something bold, world-leading and prosperous can be built. Alternatively, heels can be dragged and ambition belittled to the point in which leadership becomes an uncomfortable word. Without action, goods, services, and new ideas could instead be procured from Asia, North America, or the continent. While we have missed becoming manufacturing and knowledge hubs for certain renewables in the past, there is an opportunity now to develop UK excellence in biofuels and advanced transport, which in turn co-develops other industries.

The ttee Commi ate on Clim(CCC) Change per cent 24 reports greenhouse Renewable fuels of UK ssions came The Department for i m gas e transport Transport in Whitehall from 015 is presently consulting on the Renewable Transport in 2

Changing seasons The Committee on Climate Change (CCC) reports that 24 per cent of UK greenhouse gas emissions came from transport in 2015. Contrary to the trend in the power sector, where emissions have fallen by 50 per cent since 1990, transport emissions actually rose in 2013/14 and 2014/15, leaving emissions barely changed on 1990 levels. It appears that we are falling short of key CCC indicators and that greater action is needed if the government is to meet its Carbon Budgets and Renewable Energy Directive targets. It’s gone under the radar but over one


billion pounds has been invested in conventional waste-derived biodiesel and bioethanol production facilities domestically. Ensus and Vivergo, the two largest of the UK’s biofuel producers, each have a major facility in the North of England. The facilities provide around 3,500 jobs in the North East, North West, and Humberside. The industry is tackling pressing sustainability challenges head on by eliminating the use of palm oil in biofuels produced or consumed for example. Meeting targets is about increasing UK fuel security and ensuring that British companies have a place at the table of international advanced fuel technology leaders. The ambition to reduce emissions and pollution from transport is certainly not confined to the British Isles, and knowledge first acquired in Britain will be valuable abroad.

Fuels Obligation, which could put into place the kind of decarbonisation action and innovation on the ground that the government enjoys championing on the international stage. Upping the obligation on fuel suppliers to blend to 9.75 per cent of biofuels into the fuel mix, an increase from the 4.75 per cent where it has been capped since 2012, will support domestic agriculture, rekindle supply chains, and improve investor confidence. Emphasising the use of waste‑derived biodiesel and bioethanol, which can be made from sugar beet, used cooking oil, tallow and surplus feed wheat, will support domestic biofuels manufacturing. Is the effort of growing new industry worth it? Resoundingly yes, as GHG emissions reductions for low carbon transport fuels put onto the UK market in 2015/16 was 74 per cent. The industry additionally puts to use a range of the country’s wastes, generates employment, and produces valuable by‑products, including high-protein animal feed.


Beyond 2020 – emerging themes As the global electric, gaseous, and hydrogen vehicle supply chains grow, there are also opportunities for British leadership, particularly beyond 2020. There is also scope to develop power and heat sector technologies, as the links with the renewable energy, waste, clean tech and transport industries are becoming increasingly connected. The best two examples of this overlap are around the co-development of the biomethane

Renewable gases This February, transport headlines were made by a CNG Fuels and Waitrose announcement. Forty per cent cheaper than diesel and 100 per cent renewable, new Scania-built lorries using a new design of compressed natural gas (CNG) fuel tanks allow heavy goods vehicles to store CNG at 250 bar, and thereby travel up to 500 miles (up from

a previous ceiling of 300). Renewable gas derived from food and other organic wastes, called biomethane, will power these 10 new vehicles purchased by Waitrose. In 2015 the UK was the fastest growing biomethane market in the world. There are currently 84 biomethane projects in operation in the UK, producing around three TWh per year of renewable gas, according to CNG Fuels. This is equivalent to around

four 60,000-tonne LNG tankers worth of gas that is being consumed or injected into the grid that the country won’t need to import from the Middle East. The majority of plant, pipelines and associated works in relation to biomethane is sourced in the UK.

Renewable Fuels

and gaseous transport sectors, and the electric vehicle and stationary energy storage sectors.

Electrification KPMG’s 2017 Global Automotive Executive Survey highlights conflicting views in leading auto company boardrooms. Sixty-two per cent of executives surveyed thought that battery electric vehicles will fail due to a lack of infrastructure. Seventy-eight per cent, however, saw fuel cells to be the real low-carbon breakthrough. While this may be believed, it is yet to be seen and it is battery electric vehicles that have been making the headlines and that have been more widely deployed. Oil and auto companies, including Shell, Enel and BMW are reported to be rolling out hundreds of EV charge points by 2020 across the EU. Alternatively‑fuelled vehicles achieved a 4.2 per cent market share in January 2017 in the UK, a record high, according to the SMMT. The CCC central scenario to 2030, however, requires 60 per cent of new car sales to be ULEVs by 2030. How does this benefit Britain? Nissan, the UK’s largest vehicle manufacturer, is making electric vehicles at its Sunderland plant. With it associated equipment, research facilities, and specialist knowledge acquired in the advancement of battery technology for the EV industry is being applied to the energy sector more widely. In particular, lithium-ion battery technology is rapidly advancing for home or grid-scale use. The inaugural Energy Storage and Connected Systems (ESCS) conference in London in February emphasised the interconnections between these two growing sectors. Speakers from Open Energi and the LowCVP spoke about the role of advanced energy storage technologies in improving energy security, reducing costs, and supporting the roll out of greater amounts of renewable power capacity. The hardware and software that connects stationary storage, electric vehicles, and demand‑side response technologies is cutting edge, and is becoming more valuable. For the auto industry, KPMG’s survey found that 85 per cent of executives believed digital systems will generate greater revenues than car hardware in the future. To action What’s keenly needed now is coordinated government action. Recent funding announcements for advanced freight technologies and energy storage research and deployment are strong starts, as is mention of the storage and EV industries in the Industrial Strategy green paper. A range of regulatory upgrades are needed to allow for further deployment, and greater leadership. Some of this will take individual departmental action, while for other aspects we now look to the forthcoming Emissions Reduction Plan. Let’s act swiftly and decisively, as our window for collaboration and action is now. L FURTHER INFORMATION






Compare the tax savings of running a Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV as your company car against these market leaders. COST OF THE CAR - P11D VALUE GOVERNMENT GRANT REDUCTION ADJUSTED FINAL PRICE CO2 EMISSIONS G/KM





















































Find out more. Search PHEV | Visit to find your nearest dealer Outlander PHEV range fuel consumption in mpg (ltrs/100km): Full Battery Charge: no fuel used, Depleted Battery Charge: 51.4mpg (5.5), Weighted Average: 166.1mpg (1.7), CO2 emissions: 41 g/km.

The Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV is a different animal. It delivers up to 166mpg2, with an electric range of up to 33 miles and a combined electric and petrol range of up to 542 miles3. And with ultra-low CO2 emissions there are significant savings that your business can make. You’ll be able to write down 100% of the cost of an Outlander in year one4, saving £1,000s in Corporation Tax5 – and you’ll save money on your associated Class 1a National Insurance Contributions6. Business users will only pay 7% Benefit in Kind taxation7 plus it’s exempt from Road Tax and the London Congestion Charge8. Fully charged in hours using a domestic plug socket9, a free Chargemaster Homecharge unit10 or one of over 11,000 UK-wide Charge Points, this 4WD SUV legend continues its journey onwards as the UK’s leading selling plug-in hybrid. We call this Intelligent Motion.

Compare the corporation tax savings of a Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV against a typical company car.





























FROM £32,249 - £43,499 Including £2,500 Government Plug-in Car Grant11


1. Outlander PHEV 4h compared with Honda CR-V, BMW X3, Audi Q5 and Mercedes E-Class – average saving £5,903 for a 40% taxpayer. The savings for business drivers with a company fuel card are higher. 2. Official EU MPG test figure shown as a guide for comparative purposes and is based on the vehicle being charged from mains electricity. This may not reflect real driving results. 3. Up to 33 mile EV range achieved with full battery charge. 542 miles achieved with combined full battery and petrol tank. Actual range will vary depending on driving style and road conditions. 4. Outlander PHEV qualifies as low CO2 emissions vehicle for the purpose of Capital Allowances. 8% write down allowance used for comparison. 5. Savings achieved due to lower Profits Chargeable to Corporation Tax (PCTCT). 6. Class 1a NI only payable on 7% of list price compared to 25%+ average. 7. 7% BIK compared to 25%+ average. 7% BIK rate for the 2016/17 tax year. 8. Congestion Charge application required, subject to administrative fee. 9. Domestic plug charge: 5 hours, 16 Amp home charge point: 3.5 hours, 80% rapid charge: 25mins. 10. For more information, visit 11. Prices shown include the Government Plug-in Car Grant and VAT (at 20%), but exclude First Registration Fee. Model shown is an Outlander PHEV 4hs at £38,999 including the Government Plug-in Car Grant. On The Road prices range from £32,304 to £43,554 and include VED, First Registration Fee and the Government Plug-in Car Grant. Metallic/pearlescent paint extra. Prices correct at time of going to print. For more information about the Government Plug-in Car Grant please visit The Government Plug-in Car Grant is subject to change at any time, without prior notice.

With Brexit, air quality targets and tax changes on the horizon, we ask our leasing experts what the main challenges will be for fleet operators in 2017 and how the leasing industry can help

Shaun Sadlier, head of consulting, Arval Shaun Sadlier leads the Arval Consultancy Team which supports the company’s car and van customers to identify and implement bespoke strategies which meet their fleet objectives. He has 28 years of industry experience, and has been with Arval since January 2000, most recently spending 12 years as an international business manager

James Birch, marketing & PR director, Free2Move Lease James Birch has worked for 20 years in the motor industry in various roles for a number of manufacturers, but mainly in B2B and fleet. He worked for seven years with PSA Peugeot Citroen, previously as head of Citroen Contract Motoring, and now marketing & PR director for the new Free2Move Lease business in the UK

2017 brings with it a number of uncertainties. The political and economic upheaval that may arise from Brexit, together with scrutiny over air quality, and changes to tax means that fleets need to think now about their operations in the future. Brexit negotiations will be aiming for a trade deal that replaces UK membership to the Single Market. While it is expected that most EU regulations and directives will be retained in some form, there are still challenges that fleets should be aware of. If there is a rise in import tariffs and fuel duty, for example, and the value of the sterling takes a dip, this may cause the price of vehicles, tyres and parts to increase. What’s more, restrictions on migration may have an impact on human resources. Shaun Sadlier, head of consulting at Arval says: “We are in a period of fast-paced change


Chris Chandler, principal consultant, Lex Autolease

Matthew Walters, head of consultancy services, LeasePlan

A fleet management consultant for 20 years, pushing the agenda for cleaner vehicles has been at the heart of Chris’ time in the industry. At Lex Autolease, Chris set up the plug-in vehicle proposition which saw the Lex Autolease plug-in fleet increase to over 6,000 vehicles, and the introduction of a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle.

Matthew has been with LeasePlan since 2005 and heads up their consultancy services team. Working with LeasePlan’s diverse portfolio of customers, Matthew and his team deliver thought leadership and structured fleet solutions that are in synergy with their clients long‑term business strategy

and will be for the foreseeable future. It’s really important that fleet operators are aware of change throughout and how it may impact them so they can take it into consideration when setting their fleet strategies. “Current economic and political conditions are having an impact, and we are already seeing a number of price increases from the manufacturers as a direct result of the fall in the value of sterling.” James Birch from Free2Move Lease adds: “The main challenges in 2017 are likely to come from volatile exchange rates and uncertainty surrounding Brexit. These are likely to create fears regarding rising costs and uncertainty in the economy. Leasing companies can help by providing products and services that offer greater predictability and improved cost planning.”


Salary sacrifice The Autumn Statement announced that the tax and employer National Insurance advantages of salary sacrifice schemes will be removed from April 2017, except for ULEVs emitting below 75g/km CO2. Existing employer-provided car arrangements made before April 2017 will be kept in place for four years, however. LeasePlan’s Matthew Walters comments: “One of the most significant changes for the fleet industry was announced during the 2016 Autumn Statement, when the Chancellor confirmed his decision to target cars gained through Salary Sacrifice. The HMRC also made it clear that they will make no distinction between Salary Sacrifice and the practice of offering a cash allowance in lieu of a company car, which could affect up to 600,000 drivers.

Icon made by Freepik from

Expert Panel: Leasing


VED changes VED will also change for cars registered from April 2017. Car tax for the first 12 months will be directly linked to the car’s CO2 emissions, but after this, a standard rate of £140 per year applies. Alternative fuel vehicles, however, including hybrids, bi-ethanol and liquid petroleum gas, will receive a £10 reduction. Crucially, zero‑emission vehicles will have £0 VED to pay for the first and subsequent years, as an incentive to drive up the adoption of electric vehicles. Whilst the incentive for electric vehicles is welcome, some in the industry are concerned that the new rates are a step backwards when it comes to incentivising the purchase of hybrids and other ultra-low carbon cars.

impact for their business and advice on the options available to them.” Matthew Walters from LeasePlan adds: “The best suppliers will need to support business owners and fleet managers by staying at the forefront of any developments, keeping their customers well informed about any changes and advising them on the best action to take.” With all incentives geared towards the purchase of zero and ultra low emission vehicles, Chris Chandler from Lex Autolease believes that leasing companies and vehicle manufacturers can give advice on which vehicle fuels and technologies best suit a business: “Journey lengths, frequencies and where they occur (urban, extra urban mix) should be understood to ensure the most appropriate fuel/ technology is recommended,” he says. Clean Air Zones The European Commission has sent a final warning to the UK for persistently breaching legal levels of air pollution, and has given the government two months to act. Poor air quality causes more than 400,000 people to die prematurely in the EU every year, the commission says. The main pollutant in question is nitrogen dioxide N02, and emissions from old diesel vehicles are a major culprit. To address this issue, the government

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Benefit in Kind Although not coming into effect until April 2020, companies will need to think now about changes to company car tax bandings. There will be 15 new bandings introduced, of which 11 will be for ULEVS. From 2020, the appropriate percentages for zero emission cars will drop from 16 per cent to two per cent, while those for cars with CO2 emissions between 1g/km and 50g/km will vary between two per cent and 14 per cent depending on the electric range of the vehicle. The measure also increases appropriate percentages by one percentage point to a maximum value of 37 per cent for cars with CO2 emissions of 90g/km and above. Chris Chandler from Lex Autolease says: “Incentives for plug in vehicles are welcomed and utilising the zero‑emission range capabilities to provide tax breaks gives the industry and operators time to start creating a five‑year plan to move towards more plug in focused fleet policies.”

has plans for Clean Air Zones (CAZs) for Birmingham, Leeds, Nottingham, Derby and Southampton by 2020. London has an Ultra Low Emission Zone scheduled (ULEZ) for 2019. The zones aim to reduce pollution in city centres by encouraging the replacement of old, polluting vehicles with modern, cleaner vehicles – with most polluting vehicles, such as old buses taxis, coaches and lorries, discouraged from entering air quality hotspots. Private car owners will not be affected, although in London, all vehicles will need to meet exhaust emission standards or pay a daily charge. So what should businesses do now in order for them to prepare for operating in and out of Clean Air Zones? “Businesses should currently be reviewing their fleets to assess if they need to make changes to achieve the requirements for London’s ULEZ,” advises Shaun Sadlier from Arval. “Specifically, they should be considering in which circumstances an alternative energy vehicle would be a cost effective alternative to more traditional powertrains. “It’s also a good time to reinforce the importance of journey planning to drivers which should incorporate traffic hotspots, toll roads and low emission zones. A small investment in time up front can make a big difference to the cost of a journey and the time that it takes,” Shaun adds. James Birch from Free2Move Lease says: “Refreshing your fleets and changing E

Expert Panel: Leasing

“With April 2017 remaining as the implementation date, providers and employers have been given little time to ensure they can comply with the new rules effectively.” Shaun Sadlier from Arval advises that fleet operators get advice on this area, adding: “Originally focused on salary exchange schemes, the changes announced in the Finance Bill have wider implications than just this, affecting drivers who have the option of a company car or a cash alternative.”

Seeking advice Amongst all this regulatory change, organisations need to look carefully at their operations and how any changes might affect them in the future. Firms in the leasing and contract hire industry keep themselves up to date with any changes and so it is a good idea to seek advice. “Increasingly customers are coming to us for information on the changes which impact the management of their vehicles,” says Shaun Sadlier from Arval. “They want to better understand the potential



Expert Panel: Leasing

Expert final thoughts Shaun Sadlier Leasing as a source of vehicle finance will continue to be an important funding option for businesses because of the range of benefits. What’s more, a growing number of companies seem to be looking to outsource non-core activities, and as experts in fleet management, the vehicle leasing sector is perfectly placed to take on a large number of administrative and process operations on behalf of the customer. To tap into expertise while delivering efficiency, direct driver contact by the leasing supplier will increasingly become the norm. James Birch Brexit is likely to create fears regarding rising costs and uncertainty in the economy. Leasing companies can help by providing products and services that offer greater predictability and improved cost planning. In the future, there are several areas of potential growth in the leasing industry. These range from increasing interest in personal leasing to greater demand for lower emission and alternative energy vehicles, through to growing customer interest in the benefits and solutions made possible by connected vehicles. Chris Chandler As a business we have seen strong overall fleet growth in 2016 and expect this to continue through 2017. We expect to see our ULEV fleet increase further, currently standing at some 7,500 vehicles, and expansion into different markets and sectors will continue to push this growth. There are many changes and challenges this year but we feel well placed to deal with these and ensure our customers are well informed and can guide them to the most appropriate fleet solutions for their specific needs. Matthew Walters The diesel surcharge could well be joined by other carrot & stick policies that are either punitive to diesel cars or at least encourage the uptake of alternatively-fuelled vehicles. Fleet managers should be preparing themselves for these possibilities, as well asking questions. What new technology is out there? What does it mean if NO2 becomes more of a concern than CO2? As during any period of great change, the answers will take some time to emerge.


 vehicles to those that have the lowest possible emissions, such as those that are Euro-6 compliant and those that are ULEZ compliant, is the best way to future proof yourself from increasing costs, related to older vehicles with higher emission levels.” Chris Chandler from Lex Autolease believes that discussions around CAZs at present are primarily targeting older higher emission vehicles, and are focused on HGVs, buses and coaches. There should therefore be limited impact on most leased fleet operators. “Obviously those leasing buses, HGVs and with longer term leases may need to take action now,” Chris says. He adds: “There are plans for some CAZ to include older light commercial vehicles, but otherwise LCVs and cars are currently out of scope for the five cities already announced to be introducing CAZ in 2020. “We suggest a watching brief for any fleet operator requiring access to major cities, but at present the impact on our customers who are primarily leasing cars and LCVs under five years old, should have little concern.” The diesel debate The ‘dieselgate’ scandal – when Volkswagen were found to have cheated emissions tests – shook the automotive industry and opened up a debate about the environmental credentials of diesel. Adding weight to the argument, campaigners Transport and Environment released a report revealing that Euro 6 diesel engines across the board do not comply with latest air pollution limits when driven in real-world conditions. But what impact has this realisation had on the fleet industry? Has it driven more businesses towards petrol or alternatively-fuelled vehicles? Matthew Walters from LeasePlan believes that the latest registration figures speak for themselves: “SMMT figures show that in the year up to January 2016, diesel vehicles accounted for 50 per cent of all cars registered. They now account for 48 per cent. Meanwhile, the number of petrol registrations has risen by 10 per cent, whilst the number of alternatively-fuelled registrations has risen by 49 per cent, contributing to a reduced market share for diesel cars.” Chris Chandler from Lex Autolease commented: “We noticed a very small short‑term dip in orders for some specific diesels, however this was weeks not months and the demand bounced back very quickly. “The interest in plug in vehicles was well underway before this and has continued strongly,” he adds. Shaun Sadlier from Arval commented: “If the scandal has done anything, it has heightened awareness of the need to consider cleaner vehicles.” James Birch from Free2Move Lease adds: “Clearly any such matter raises worries with any fleet operator and finding their


way through the maze of information and mis‑information isn’t easy. However, it’s worth remembering that not all manufacturers are directly concerned by this issue.” Chris Chandler believes that while this is a negative period for diesel, efforts will be made to make it cleaner: “Just as plug in vehicle technology continues to advance we also expect to see lower emission technologies continuing the clean‑up of diesel vehicle emissions, which over the past ten years have reduced dramatically.” Future growth With upcoming policy changes, the push for electric vehicles, advancements in technology, and Brexit on the horizon, the fleet and transport industry is at a time of change. But where do our panelists see growth in the leasing market in the future? Shaun Sadlier from Arval believes that businesses will be turning to leasing firms as a way of adopting electric and hybrid vehicles without the risk that such young technology implies. He explains: “Where technology is younger, and levels of depreciation are less certain, leasing is a great way for businesses to benefit from the latest vehicle efficiencies while protecting themselves from the unpredictable used vehicle market. As new vehicles enter the market, and range continues to grow, this demand will grow.” Chris Chandler from Lex Autolease also sees growth in this area: “We expect to see our ULEV fleet increase further, currently standing at some 7,500 vehicles, and expansion into different markets and sectors will continue to push this growth.” For Matthew Walters from LeasePlan, growth in the SME sector will be a future trend. This may especially be the case if Brexit puts pressure on small businesses that rely on EU for workers, or are part of EU-wide supply chains, and are therefore looking for ways to cut costs and streamline operations. However, he says uptake is currently low: “Research tells us that recognition of leasing companies is low amongst small to medium businesses and uptake of leasing in this segment is also low at only 35 per cent. “However, of the 65 per cent who don’t lease, 58 per cent said they would consider it. Therefore, we expect to see growth of interest from the SME market during 2017 as they start to re-evaluate their circumstances and understand further the advantages of leasing, a company car or van, over outright purchase.” James Birch from Free2Move Lease sees several areas of potential growth: “These range from increasing interest in personal leasing to greater demand for lower emission and alternative energy vehicles, through to growing customer interest in the benefits and solutions made possible by connected vehicles.” L

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Even for high performing businesses, the right level of analysis and support can often generate opportunities to make the vehicle fleet more efficient and more effective 25 recommendations to support the long-term development of a robust road risk programme identifying annual savings of £205,000. The team provided advice on introducing electric vehicles to a London-based customer. Following detailed meetings to understand their requirements, they advised on the best vehicles and specification. To support the decision the team utilised a recent study they had conducted into the impact of payload on EV performance. The result was a saving of £150 per vehicle per month for the customer.

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A tailored approach is crucial Every piece of consultancy work that we do is tailored to the specific needs and priorities of that customer. The team will take the time to fully understand the requirements and then provide a bespoke solution. This will be true of different businesses and industries, but also based on the specific make-up of the fleet. For example, we know that a fleet made up predominantly of vans is a very different animal to one which is car focused. When managing a commercial vehicle fleet we don’t underestimate the importance of expert support and have specialist consultants on hand to support because it’s a complex area, and a mistake can render your vans impractical, or even useless. About Arval Arval is a leading provider of vehicle leasing and fleet management solutions. Owned by BNP Paribas, one of the world’s best rated banks, we have more than 40 years of industry experience and fund more than 160,000 cars and vans. Focused on service quality, our people make the difference for our customers through specialist teams dedicated to businesses from start-ups with a single vehicle to FTSE 100 companies with thousands. We provide a comprehensive range of products and services including vehicle funding,maintenance, fuel management, accident management, breakdown recovery, short and medium term hire, insured lease vehicles, full outsourcing and, of course, consultancy services. L FURTHER INFORMATION



Vehicle Tax Changes Written by Next Green Car

Changes to new Vehicle Excise Duty rates explained From April 2017, the UK car tax system will undergo a major change with new Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) rates across the board Car tax is currently calculated purely from a vehicle’s CO2 emissions rating. New cars registered from April 2017, however, will be divided into three groups: zero‑emission, standard and premium – with tax calculated on a combination of CO2 emissions and the car’s OTR price. The new VED system only applies to cars registered from 1 April 2017. All cars registered before this date will remain in the current VED system, which will not change. Car tax rates from April 2017 The new car tax system will divide vehicles registered on or after 1 April 2017 into one of three segments after its first year on the road – zero-emission, standard and premium. Alternative fuel vehicles (including conventional hybrids, bi-ethanol and liquid petroleum gas) will also continue to receive


a £10 reduction on vehicle tax rates. Car tax for the first 12 months is covered by a first year rate (FYR) which is directly linked to the car’s CO2 emissions. The FYR uses the current VED system as its guide, with cars split into bands depending on what levels of CO2 they emit. Note, however, that the CO2 ranges which define each band are different from the existing (pre‑2017) car tax bands. Unlike the current system, only zero-emission vehicles are eligible for zero VED. Cars emitting 1-50 g/km CO2 will be charged at £10 for the first year, cars emitting 51-75 g/km CO2 will be charged


at £25 for the first year, with costs increasing incrementally over successive bands up to cars with CO2 emissions over 255 g/km CO2, which will cost £2,000 for the first 12 months to tax. Although these first year rates for higher emitting cars may put off buyers of less green models, a vehicle’s on the road (OTR) cost includes its first year VED. Since few buyers will ever pay the first year rate directly (rather have the dealership incorporate the tax into the OTR cost), this new system of high tax on high emissions may have little direct effect on buyers. However, some

The D new VEapply ly rates onegistered r to cars ril 2017. All Ap e from 1 istered befor cars reg ill remain as this w rrent VED the cu tem sys

Reasons for the changes The current car tax regulations involve a range of tax bands for new cars from A to M, where A is for those greenest vehicles emitting up to 100g/km CO2, and M the highest band for vehicles that emit more than 255g/km CO2. These involve an annual cost that increases the higher up the tax bands the car sits, starting at £0 for band A up to £505 (standard rate) per year for band M. The changes planned for 2017 are a response to the fact that around three‑quarters of all new cars now pay zero FYR VED under the current system. The UK Government has also stated that revenue from VED will be ring-fenced in England from 2020 for a new Roads Fund, which will pay for the building of new roads and maintenance on existing routes in the country. It should be stressed that the new measures will not take effect until 1 April 2017 onwards – and only apply to new cars purchased from that date. Cars bought before then will be taxed at rates calculated by the current system, with tax possibly being increased slightly each year by the RPI to account for inflation. While the Chancellor announced the new VED rates in the Summer Budget 2015, a number of organisations including Next Green Car are campaigning to retain the current system given its close alignment of rates with CO2 emissions. Many in the industry are concerned that the new rates will undermine incentives supporting the purchase of low and ultra-low carbon cars. L manufacturers may increase model prices in order to accommodate the new rates. Three categories After a car’s first year on the road, the three category system comes into place: zero-emission, standard and premium. Zero‑emission cars will be exempt from VED, as they have been pre-April 2017. The standard rate (SR) will apply to the majority of cars which will be charged at a standard rate of £140 no matter what their emissions. A premium rate (PR) will apply to more expensive cars defined as those with a list price of £40,000 or more. The premium rate, which applies from the second year for five years, consists of the standard rate plus an additional rate of £310. The rate reverts back to the standard rate after five years. Note that the premium rate applies to all cars with a list price of £40,000 including zero-emission vehicles. Information obtained from DVLA confirms that the ‘list price’ used to determine whether the standard or premium rate is applied is the retail price published by the manufacturer before the vehicle is passed to the dealer for registration. This list price includes the purchase price of any non-standard options, VAT, the purchase price of the battery even if leased, delivery charges to the dealership plus any pre-delivery inspection charges. Note that the list-price is not the same as the

Next Green Car is the UK’s leading green car website providing independent and expert advice to help people find a more economical and environmentally‑friendly car. At the core of the site is a comprehensive, searchable database which enables users to search, review and compare key data on over 50,000 models including mpg, CO2 emissions and the unique lifecycle Next Green Car Rating, which enables environmental comparison across all powertrains. With all the latest green car news and reviews, microsites dedicated to each technology and Zap-Map, a UK‑wide charging point map, Next Green Car is an essential destination for those researching low-emission and electric cars.

Vehicle Tax Changes

on-the road (OTR) price which also includes VED and the first year registration fee.

About Next Green Car

E To find out more visit

This article was published with permission from Next Green Car. FURTHER INFORMATION

12-month VED rates for new cars registered from 1 April 2017 Vehicle CO2 First year rate (FYR) Standard rate (SR)* Premium rate (PR*) emissions 2017-2018 2017-2018 2017-2018 0 g/km £0 £0 £310 1-50 g/km £10 £140 £450 51-75 g/km £25 £140 £450 76-90 g/km £100 £140 £450 91-100 g/km £120 £140 £450 101-110 g/km £140 £140 £450 111-130 g/km £160 £140 £450 131-150 g/km £200 £140 £450 151-170 g/km £500 £140 £450 171-190 g/km £800 £140 £450 191-225 g/km £1,200 £140 £450 226-255 g/km £1,700 £140 £450 Over 255 g/km £2,000 £140 £450

*Standard rate applies to cars with a list price up to but not including £40,000 from year two onwards. **Premium rate applies to cars with a list price of £40,000 or more from year two to year six. Note that the rates shown the in the table are likely to be increased slightly each year by the RPI to account for inflation. Sources: Budget 2015, Budget 2016, DVLA 2017. Volume 101 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE


Advertisement Feature

Business and home electric vehicle charge points from Everwarm Employing over 340 staff and delivering contracts for more than half of local authorities in Scotland, Everwarm has installed energy efficiency measures in over 140,000 households in the last four years, which includes over 2,500 electric car charge points Everwarm is one of Scotland’s largest energy services companies, employing over 340 staff and delivering contracts for over half of the local authorities in Scotland. Working in close partnership with utility companies, we’ve installed energy efficiency measures in over 140,000 households over the last four years. This number includes over 2,500 Electric Vehicle Charge Points (EVCP). We carry out a variety of services including solid wall Insulation (both internal and external), gas, electric & renewable heating systems, solar thermal & solar PV systems, electric vehicle charging points. Saving all around You want to save money and cut your carbon emissions, and so you’re looking at the installation of an EVCP. More and more home owners and businesses, like yourselves, are signing up to have them fitted – and Everwarm have been with them every step of the way. Being an OLEV-approved supplier and installer means we can offer expert advice to help you determine exactly the right solution for you. We’ll also take care of your installation from start to finish, meaning you can relax and benefit from support at all the key stages. Quality and affordability In our challenging economic climate, making savings can make all the difference for many businesses. But you know that quality is equally important. That’s why we’ve partnered with market leaders in the electrical field: Elektromotive & ABB.


Together with these two companies, we’ll give you access to all the latest innovations. And we’ll ensure that you receive the highest quality hardware. Whatever your circumstances, we’ll provide the solution that gives you the greatest benefits.

Gary Stirling

The option is yours Every home and business is a different size, location and demand. All these things determine what options will work best for any given scenario. That’s why with Everwarm, you can choose from a full selection of wall mounted and post‑mounted charging points, with either single or double-headed applications. We also know that as a busy business, you need to keep your vehicles on the road – our chargers also offer the option of a rapid charge function. Safety by design To install the EVCP, you must provide a suitable location for it – one which is within a reasonable distance of your electricity distribution board. The ergonomic design not only looks great but is weatherproof, and specifically addresses the issue of reduced‑access locations. If you’d like, we can even work with you to provide a unit with your own company logos.

Gary is responsible for all Electric Vehicle Charge point installations carried out at Everwarm, which to date exceed over 5,000 across the domestic and commercial sector. Having worked alongside multiple charge point and and vehicle manufacturers, Gary has a depth of knowledge of the electric vehicle industry.

Looking after clients We deliver a full service that includes your electrical survey, site survey and installation. All work is fully tested and commissioned by our qualified electricians to 17th edition BS 7671 standard. It’s also in line with the IET Code of Practice for electrical vehicle charging equipment installations. You’ll be given a full communications package to help you get the best from your new charge point. It doesn’t stop there though. We know that you may need support after installation. Because of this, we’ll give you a 12-month warranty as standard, with the option to extend to a three‑year warranty with service plan.

will provide funding towards the installation of an EVCP at your property if you have an electric vehicle. Commercial properties in Scotland may qualify for funding from the Energy Savings Trust, which will allow for the installation of a 7kw, 22 kw or 50kw (depending on their location). Why not join the growing list of businesses and home owners who are working with Everwarm to save money and significantly cut their carbon emissions? L

Government funding schemes Funding is available for both domestic and commercial charging points. The Office for Low Emission Vehicles

For more information regarding our services contact: Gary Stirling Electrical Operations Manager



Industry Comment ADVERTORIAL

Driving antics: it wasn’t me! However, beneath the visual evidence, there are other things that affect drivers. Uninsured drivers, for example. While we can’t identify them through their behaviour, every one of us pays a premium on our motor insurance to cover the costs associated with them; that’s every insured vehicle whether private or company owned. There’s no doubt that greater detection and prosecution of these drivers could potentially save every insured individual part of their premium. Why doesn’t this come immediately to mind? What about drivers who speed? The perception of speed is often affected by whether you’re a driver or a pedestrian. Many pedestrians will talk of feeling unsafe if they think vehicles are travelling too fast. Whereas most drivers feel that someone is speeding only when they’re travelling faster than we are. So who is it that speeds? Is it the uninsured drivers, criminal gangs, certain age groups? While there are definite links between crime and driving offences, we need to face the fact that anyone can speed. Most vehicles are more than capable and so are most drivers, whether intended or not. We know there are courses aimed at people making genuine errors but high speed offenders would miss this option and get prosecuted. Perceptions Perceptions and stereotyping are all playing a part in the way we identify, and then acknowledge, bad driving behaviours. If you use social media, its more than likely that you’ve seen videos of horrendous driving behaviour and discovered that we live in a world where quite often our opinions over rule the facts. What we normally see are a few seconds of someone doing something

terrible, edited by the person who felt it was a terrible act, followed by hundreds of comments and arguments. What no-one really sees are the true facts of the situation. To make a factually-based decision, we would need to see the footage prior to the incident, to understand what was prompting the action. The old saying ‘it takes two to tango’ is usually true although there will always be exceptions. What these video clips do really well is to reinforce our perceptions of certain types of other drivers, quite often in certain types of vehicles and this then reinforces the way we feel or act when out on the roads. Mobile phone use Today, mobile phone use is on the public number one hit list, especially with the expected increase in penalty points to six points and a £200 fine. Who is using mobile phones in the car dangerously? Shall we point the finger at the criminal element of the population again, or shall we be honest with ourselves and admit that it could be anyone who has the combination of a phone and a vehicle. While many companies have a policy in place, and many drivers adhere to the policy, there are those out there who do not. But talking on a mobile phone is now the tip of the “technology distraction iceberg.” Many Police forces now have a new concern on our roads. The use of social media, whether texting, tweeting, or live streaming of video while driving is now becoming a major issue and can be vastly more dangerous than talking. All levels of mobile phone use are now integrated into society. So who is really annoying us when we drive? Well it appears that the majority of drivers who complain about these things

Many Police forces now have a new concern on our roads. The use of social media, whether texting, tweeting, or live streaming of video while driving is now becoming a major issue and can be vastly more dangerous than talking

Kevin Isaacson

Advertisement Feature: written by Kevin Isaacson

If you ask anyone what annoys them about other drivers, it’s not surprising that they usually pick on things we see every day such as tailgating, mobile phone use, not indicating, not saying thank you if you give way, cutting between lanes and lane hogging. Why do other people drive like that, we ask ourselves?

Kevin Isaacson is national training manager at DriveTech. He became an approved driving instructer at 21 and has been training ever since. At DriveTech he manages the training and standards, ensuring the best service is delivered to its customers.

are beyond reproach which means the answer must be ‘everyone else’. Many drivers admit to making mistakes. When we make a mistake, we know it was not deliberate. We may even be too embarrassed to give a quick wave to say sorry or get nervous and make another mistake. Isn’t it amazing, when someone else does it, many people think it was a deliberate act or total incompetence. The reality is each of us can be really hypocritical when we drive. We often set high standards for other people that we happily break ourselves by saying we’re better than other drivers, so it’s safe for us to take the risk. The reality is most drivers consider themselves above average drivers, so we feel superior to other drivers. It’s time to be honest with ourselves and say ‘actually, it was me and I’m just as bad but the difference is I’ll do better next time’. L FURTHER INFORMATION Twitter: @DriveTechUKLtd







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Commercial Vehicle Show

DAF rt Transpocy Efficien ses a as encompf product range oments such e enhanc t mode and as silen tive cruise predic ntrol co

The Commercial Vehicle Show returns to Birmingham Every aspect of the UK road transport sector will be covered at the Commercial Vehicle Show this April, offering visitors the opportunity to see a wide variety of options to help them operate and maintain a safe, efficient and effective fleet Registrations of new heavy goods vehicles (HGVs) rose 5.3 per cent to 46,231 units in 2016, according to figures released by the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT). This marks the sector’s third consecutive year of growth. The year ended on a positive note, with 13,555 new HGVs registered in Q4 – a 2.3 per cent improvement on the same period in 2015. Mike Hawes, SMMT chief executive, said: “Another year of growth for the HGV market in 2016 is a positive sign for the sector, particularly as it follows such an exceptionally strong 2015. HGVs are essential for transporting vital goods around the country and their demand provides a barometer for the UK economy, so these results are certainly welcome. Looking ahead,

we must ensure business uncertainty is minimised so that this success continues.” Moving heavy goods Heavy goods vehicles will have a significant presence at this year’s CV Show, which takes place at the NEC, Birmingham from 25-27 April. DAF Trucks will attend the CV Show with the theme of DAF Transport Efficiency, returning to its traditional location in Hall 5 adjacent to an additional, large outside exhibition area, which will be home to the company’s new Showtrekker hospitality trailer. DAF Transport Efficiency encompasses a range of product enhancements such as silent mode and predictive cruise control, supported by its range of customer support services, namely, DAFaid, DAF MultiSupport R&M

packages, DAF Parts and PACCAR Financial. On show will be a mix of models from the company’s LF, CF and XF ranges supported by DAF experts from across the company. DAF Trucks in-house finance division, PACCAR Financial, will also be present, showing DAF First Choice, its approved used programme. Meanwhile, MAN will be using the show for the UK public debut of its new van – the TGE – alongside its range of heavy trucks. “The TGE will fit seamlessly into the MAN family and will mean there is an MAN vehicle to meet every application across the commercial transport market,” said Martin Pickering, MAN Truck and Bus marketing communications manager. The MAN TGE will fill the requirement for a light commercial vehicle with a gross weight rating between 3 tonnes and E Volume 101 | GREENFLEET MAGAZINE



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Representing the whole industry Of course, it’s not just the trucks that will draw the crowds to CV Show 2017. As the largest and most comprehensive road freight transport, distribution and logistics event staged in Britain, the CV Show caters for every operator’s requirements and is purposely designed to be a one-stop shop for anyone involved in associated industries. Unrivalled in size, product range and visitor attendance, the Commercial Vehicle Show attracted around 21,000 high quality visitors in 2016, many with serious buying power. This year, there will be an additional 5,000 square metres of space being made available in Hall three to meet the increased demand. As well as vehicles, ancillary suppliers will offer products such as handling equipment, insurance, logistics, tyres, telematics, training providers, fuels, lubricants, and much more. Vehicle manufacturers exhibiting at the 2017 Show include Citroën UK, Fiat Professional, Ford, Isuzu UK, LDV, Mitsubishi, Peugeot, Renault UK, SsangYong, Toyota, and Volkswagen. Many are planning new range additions and the Commercial Vehicle Show will be a chance for visitors to see them for the first time. In addition to vehicle manufacturers, bodywork, trailer and tanker builders will use the Commercial Vehicle Show as their shop window. Among the exhibitors in this sector are Cartwright Group, Don‑Bur, Feldbinder UK, Kögel, Lawrence David, Maisonneuve, Magyar, Montracon, RTN Group, SDC Trailers, Tiger Trailers and Whale Tankers. The Cool Pavilion in Hall 3a offers visitors a wide variety of temperature controlled products and services. Specialist trailer and bodybuilders including Chereau, Coolertech, Coolkit, Gray and Adams, Paneltex and Solomon Commercials have booked stands, and so have refrigeration equipment suppliers Carrier Transicold, Thermo King and Frigoblock. Innovation lab Hall 3 has been opened for the 2017 show and will this year have the CV show Innovation Lab for the first time. Daily seminars will be held in this area covering a range of topics and latest developments in the commercial vehicle sector. Please go to the CV show website for more details and reservation arrangements. The specialist Workshop area in Hall 4 is aimed at the commercial vehicle and passenger car maintenance and repair sector, and attracts decision makers from franchised dealers, independent garages, fleet workshops, body repair shops and wholesalers. Leading exhibitors in this area are Eclipse Diagnostics, Gemco, Maha, Tecalemit Garage

Hall three has been opened for the 2017 show and will have the CV show Innovation Lab for the first time. Daily seminars will be held in this area covering a range of topics and latest developments in the commercial vehicle sector

Iveco will be represented at the CV Show 2017 via Guest Trucks, its biggest heavy truck dealer group

Commercial Vehicle Show

 5.5 tonnes and will be ideal for everyday light transport tasks in the transport and haulage sector. “The attraction of the CV Show for a leading manufacturer such as MAN is not just the number of visitors, but the quality of those visitors. It is a fabulous networking opportunity for us and allows us to meet with our existing clients and build strong leads with potential customers,” added Pickering. Finally, Iveco will be represented via Guest Trucks, its biggest heavy truck dealer group, which will also have a sizeable stand. CV Show director, Rob Skelton, said: “We’re delighted to see DAF, MAN and Iveco via Guest Trucks returning to the CV Show in 2017. Heavy trucks are a vital part of the freight and logistics industry in the UK and their presence adds a real attraction to the show, as well as giving the manufacturers the opportunity to connect with some of the key players across the haulage industry and demonstrate their products and services, all from one venue.”

Equipment, Totalkare Heavy Workshop Solutions, and V-Tech. Racking and storage solutions for LCVs will be available from Bott, Bri-Stor Systems, Rhino Products, Sortimo International, System Edstrom and Tevo, Operating costs are key for the commercial vehicle industry; fuel, maintenance, driver safety and communications all mean money and telematics can go a long way towards making every penny count for fleet operators. These systems can be tailored to companies of any size with vehicle tracking, tachograph analysis, fuel economy or a fully integrated package covering every area of operation. Tyres play a critical role in the success of any transport operation, with their importance to fleet safety and performance. Operators have the perfect opportunity to compare suppliers including Apollo, Bandvulc, Bridgestone, Michelin, RH Claydon, Continental, Double Coin, GITI Tire, Goodyear, Hankook, KwikFit, Sailun, TD Tyres and TIA Wheels. The Commercial Vehicle Show is owned by The CV Show LLP comprising the Road Haulage Association, the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders and IRTE Services, the trading company of the Society of Operations Engineers. L FURTHER INFORMATION

Don’t overload your vehicle. You could be invalidating your insurance and risking a fine from VOSA / DVSA. Uprating service provided to increase payloads Use our FREE load distribution calculator on our website. It could save you ££££ in fines and extra servicing costs.



April 25 - 27th NEC BIRMINGHAM

DESTINATION SUCCESS The Commercial Vehicle Show 2017 Success rarely happens by luck. It is often achieved through varying proportions of inspiration, perspiration, dedication and determination. It is certainly never achieved without a close affinity with customers and an intimate knowledge of the market, its products, services and its people. That’s just one of the many reasons why a visit to the Commercial Vehicle Show 2017 is a must for anyone who wants to continue to be successful in our sector. See you at the NEC Birmingham, Tuesday 25th – Thursday 27th April 2017.


Get your FREE ticket Register today

Fleet managers are increasingly looking at how the wider scope of telematics could help them to cut fuel bills. Colin Ferguson, managing director at Trakm8, talks about the key trends in telematics which will develop throughout 2017 From simple “track ‘n’ trace”, telematics has evolved into a much broader offering, ranging from driver behaviour, dashboard cameras, and mobile phone blockers, to route optimisation, vehicle diagnostics and fleet scheduling. With pump prices hitting a two-year high in January, controlling expenditure on fuel is once again a top priority. Fleet managers are increasingly looking at how the wider scope of telematics could help them to cut fuel bills. At Trakm8, we believe that this will manifest itself as five key trends in telematics, which will develop throughout 2017. Mobile apps We expect to see an increase in the number of telematics apps for smart phones, offered as an alternative to, or to accompany, the ubiquitous “black box”. These will broadly fall into two categories: driver apps and fleet apps. A good system for drivers should offer on‑the-go feedback for driving behaviour, with a live dashboard. Drivers should also be able to analyse how their driving habits contribute to overall driving scores and their effect on fuel consumption; to view previous routes taken and to get alerts on vehicle health faults. Fleet management apps will make the Smartphone the fleet manager’s primary way to access his telematics data. These will include real-time location data, vehicle status, and geofencing; as well as driver score analysis, configurable reports, and vehicle health alerts. Optimisation Now that most fleets are using telematics to drive down their operating costs, fleet optimisation will become an essential tool to further maximise fleet efficiency. Trakm8 acquired Route Monkey in December 2015 because we recognised that fleet optimisation was a technology whose time has come. The ability, at the click of a mouse, to plan all fleet activities in the most cost-effective way is a powerful tool. National retailer Iceland Foods reported a 30 per cent increase in productivity and a 10 per cent reduction in fuel costs through the use of our optimisation tools. Route planning is a crucial part of the fleet management process – but with the right tools, you can save hours compared

to manual planning. A good solution will include both route optimisation and fleet scheduling software functionality. Value-added services Fleets which use all the telematics tools in the box are the exception rather than the rule. Some only have basic systems, others may have certain functions turned off or simply don’t use them. Keeping fuel expenditure down in the face of rising pump prices will see many fleet managers revisit the available options. For example, if you only use vehicle tracking you may wish to invest in other cost-saving solutions such as driver behaviour systems, or vehicle diagnostics that help prevent downtime and schedule disruptions. Integrated approach A key trend for 2017 will be the rise of integrated products, combining the benefits of two or more elements of telematics. For example, Trakm8 Optimisation combined with our SWIFT web-based telematics offers marked productivity improvements. With one system, users can pull jobs from the back office software, schedule them in the most efficient manner and push them out to a PDA or mobile app for drivers. Trakm8 will also release its first telematics 4G camera, the RoadHawk – 600. This will combine forward and rear‑facing camera capabilities with a full suite of telematics features in one device, including driver behaviour monitoring, location data and vehicle health alerts. Trakm8’s driver behaviour algorithms, which monitor speeding, harsh acceleration, braking and cornering, will now be augmented by high-definition video footage.

Colin Ferguson is the managing director of fleet and optimisation at Trakm8 – a leading provider of telematics, dash cam and route optimisation solutions.

Advertisement Feature:

Five telematics trends to look out for in 2017

Industry Comment ADVERTORIAL

Colin Ferguson

Five telematics trends to watch in 2017 1. Mobile apps – An increasing number of apps on the market, with added functionality. 2. Optimisation – More fleets recognising the substantial gains offered by route optimisation. 3. Value-added services – Fleet managers looking at bolt-on services to increase ROI from telematics. 4. Integration – More integrated plug and play products, such as telematics cameras. 5. Single Source solutions – Full fleet management suites from one supplier, rather than multiple products and log-ins.

A key tren for 201 d be the 7 will rise integra ted pro of ducts, combin i n g the benefit s o f t w more e lement o or telemat s of ics

Single source solution If the journey involves adding more functions and better integration, then the destination must surely be a single source solution. There

are obvious opportunities for an end-to-end solution with a single log-in, and a clear, simple dashboard. Trakm8 has worked hard to develop, bring together and enhance some of the best technologies in the fields of telematics, dash cams and optimisation. Fleet managers increasingly demand complex and powerful systems that are extremely user-friendly. Our goal is to fulfil that demand, empowering fleet managers to exceed their targets. L FURTHER INFORMATION For further details visit



Commercial Vehicles Written by Richard Gooding

Lean and green commercial alternatives GreenFleet award-winner Iveco’s familiar range of light and heavy goods vehicles has recently expanded to exclusively offer fuel-saving alternative-fuelled versions of all its models With UK registrations of heavy goods vehicles up 5.3 per cent in 2016, and no impending legislation due to arrive in 2017, commercial vehicle maker Iveco sees this year as the year of opportunity. With global warming and climate change the biggest challenge ahead for the commercial vehicle industry, now is the time to re-evaluate alternative fuels for freight. Ready to take on the alternative fuel freight challenge, Iveco has renewed both its light and heavy goods vehicle ranges for 2017. Natural gas and even electric versions of its popular models are primed for alternative fuel action. We take a closer look at the company’s new sustainable stars. Sustainable standard-bearer The Daily range of light commercials starts off the Iveco range, and while the Daily Euro 6 meets current legislation needs, an even cleaner sustainable standard‑bearer is the Daily Natural Power. A natural gas‑powered vehicle available in gross vehicle weights from 3.5 tonnes to 7.2 tonnes, the Daily Natural Power has also been designed to run up to 50 miles on petrol, too, in ‘recovery’ instances. The only dedicated natural gas-powered light commercial on the UK market, the Daily Natural Power can run

on either compressed natural gas (CNG) or compressed bio-methane (CBM). Developed from a diesel vehicle platform, Iveco claims that the natural gas Daily offers the same performance as a diesel‑powered light commercial, with the same power, response and torque. The 3.0-litre engine produces up to 136bhp, with torque of 350Nm/258lb ft between 1,500 and 2,730rpm. A range of 155-280 miles is promised between fill-ups. Also the same as its diesel sister is the customisation options and wide range of wheelbase lengths and roof heights, as well as the choice of chassis cab, double cab, van and half-panel van versions. Fuel savings of around 20 per cent are stated to be gained with compared with current diesel prices, while the environment benefits, too: Iveco claims that CO2 emissions can be cut by as much as 80 per cent. Particulate matter is also down – by 95 per cent in some cases – while 35 per cent lower NO2 levels are also mooted. To drive, the Daily Natural Power is just like a diesel, bearing out Iveco’s similar performance claims. It’s noticeably quieter than its black pump‑drinking sister, though, and with the same well-weighted controls and predictable handling, there’s little about the natural gas‑powered light commercial not to like. However, if natural gas is too dirty for you, Iveco has another alternative fuel answer.

Ready n o to take ative rn the altereight fuel f veco has ge, I challen d its light and renewegoods vehicle heavy nges for ra 2017



Zero‑emission light commercial The Iveco Daily Electric had its debut at the CV Show 2016, and offers urban area operators a 100 per cent electric, zero‑emission light commercial. Battery life has been extended by up to 20 per cent and battery performance is optimised for all weather and climate conditions. When fitted with three batteries, (single and double‑battery configurations are also available) the Iveco Daily Electric has a range of around 150 miles as well as a fast-charging time of two hours. Just as with electric cars, a three-stage adjustable regenerative braking system feeds energy back in to the batteries, and different driving modes are available. In ‘Eco’ mode, engine torque is delivered to keep energy consumption low, while in ‘Power’ mode, the full 200Nm/147lb ft performance of the 60kW electric motor is utilised. A very obvious pedestrian acoustic alert system is also standard on the Daily Electric – essential for inner city areas – and is activated automatically at speed of 0-18mph. Similarly to the Daily Natural Power, the electric Daily comes in chassis cab, chassis‑cowl, minibus and van versions, with gross vehicle weights of between 3.5 to 5.0 tonnes. Wheelbase lengths vary between 3.0 and 4.1m. Payload is increased by 100kg on the Daily Electric and the launch last year of Iveco’s production electrically-powered light commercial marked 30 years since the first Daily Electric. Suggested prices for the Daily Electric start at £60,000 for the single battery version with 50 miles range, rising to £100,000 for the triple-battery, 150-mile range LWB versions. The Plug-in Van Grant (PiVG) offers 20 per cent of the purchase price –up to £20,000 – of an electric light commercial providing it can travel a minimum of 60 miles, on the first 200 vehicles acquired. Iveco states that the Daily Electric also has a potential 6-year payback for most operations and is cost neutral after this period. Just like the Natural Power, the Daily Electric is ideally suited to urban operators working in Low Emission Zones. Of course, both models offer a reduction in operating noise, which makes them very suitable for night time and early morning deliveries. The Daily light commercial range can be driven with a Class B driving licence (up to 3.5-tonnes gross vehicle weight), but Iveco is campaigning for the limit to be changed to 4.25 tonnes, as mooted by the Government.

The first natural gas-powered truck designed for the long-haul industry is the Stralis NP’s calling card

Commercial Vehicles

The LNG version of the Stralis NP can go 932 miles between gas fill-ups

Iveco’s Eurocargo Natural Power is suited to urban areas thanks to it lower emissions

The Daily Natural Power is the UK’s only dedicated natural gas light commercial

The Iveco Stralis XP’s new driveline delivers maximum CO2 and fuel efficiency

While this uplift would only apply to CNG and electrically-powered vehicles, an additional 350 to 400kgs of payload would also be added to compensate for the extra weight incurred by the low and zero-emission technology. It is hoped that the plans will be pushed through to become law later this year, specifically to encourage green technology. Heavy goods vehicle innovation As well as light commercials, Iveco also promises innovation to heavy goods vehicles. Nick Pemeberton, truck business line director at Iveco said: “The natural gaspowered Stralis NP is pioneering, and opens doors to sustainable fleets. Iveco is taking a long-term view with sales, with only 40 expected in 2017. However, gas is a seedchange for customers: Stralis NP allows operators to experience the technology.” The Stralis NP is the first natural gas‑powered truck specifically designed for long-haul operations. It can be powered by compressed and/or liquid natural gas,

The Daily Electric has a range of 50-150 miles depending on battery configuration

and, according to Iveco, was designed to be the most sustainable long-distance heavy truck ever manufactured. The LNG-only version for example, offers a range of up to 932 miles/1,500km between refuels. Iveco’s 8.7-litre ‘Cursor 9’ Natural Power Euro VI engine delivers 400bhp and 1,700Nm/1,253lb ft of torque – the same as its diesel equivalent – and is also the first natural gas-powered HGV to feature a 12‑speed automated gearbox, while a Eurotronic transmission offers lower fuel consumption. A three per cent reduction in Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) compared to the previous model is mooted: the older model already claimed fuel pump costs up to 40 per cent lower than its diesel equivalent. It’s not just the Stralis NP which pioneers HGV breakthroughs, either. The Stralis XP is the new jewel in the Iveco HGV crown and features a new driveline which maximises fuel efficiency and CO2. Fuel savings are claimed to be up to 11 per cent – with further savings of up to 3 per cent – while TCO in long-haul

missions is said to be down by 5.6 per cent. The New Stralis 480XP and 570XP, designed for extra-long-haul routes, feature Iveco’s Smart EGR, which works in combination with a patented HI-SCR after‑treatment system to optimise combustion, resulting in significant fuel savings over long distance travel, according to the company. Efficiency the name of the game With efficiency set to be the name of the game in 2017 and beyond, more fleet operators are looking for cost savings, as well as increases in productivity and opportunity. And opportunity is something Iveco is looking for, too. With more than 15,000 Natural Power vehicles already on the road and an exclusive range of both CNG‑powered light and heavy commercial vehicles, the company has the right tools to find more. L FURTHER INFORMATION



Commercial GreenFleet

Commercial GreenFleet The inaugural Commercial GreenFleet event took place on 23 February and allowed fleet and freight operators to learn about the low emission vans and trucks that are available now, as they gear up for London’s Ultra-Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) It was widely reported that London had breached its annual air pollution limit for 2017 just five days into the new year. Transport emissions are a major culprit of London’s air problems, accounting for 63 per cent of NO2 (Nitrogen Dioxide) and 52 per cent of PM10 (Particulate Matter) emissions, the two principle pollutants of concern in London. Bold steps are being taken to clean up the capital’s air however, with the Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) coming into force in 2019 and a ‘emissions surcharge’ being introduced in the Autumn for old polluting vehicles that do not meet Euro 4 standard. There are also plans for a series of Low Emission Bus Zones, which will have the greenest buses on the worst polluted routes. Councils within London are also taking their own steps to green their areas, with Westminster City Council charging diesel car owners a parking


surcharge of 50 per cent, for example. Against this backdrop, GreenFleet teamed up with LoCITY to stage the inaugural Commercial GreenFleet event on 23 February at the Stoop in Twickenham, to help fleet and transport managers operating in the capital learn how they can green their operations and comply with future regulations. LoCITY was established to help reduce commercial vehicle emissions in the capital by collaborating with vehicle manufacturers, fuel infrastructure providers, procurers and commercial fleet operators to ensure the right technology, vehicles and fuels are in place to make it happen. Greening transport Bob Moran from the Office of Low Emission


Vehicles (OLEV) gave a presentation on the government’s strategy for reducing road emissions, including how it is spending more than £600 million to support the uptake and of ultra-low emission vehicles (ULEVs). He also spoke about how the government is supporting cleaner commercial vehicles through its low emission freight and logistics trial, which will see 20 firms share £20 million to adopt alternatively fuelled vans and HGVs. Fergus Worthy from Transport for London gave delegates an insight into the work the LoCITY programme is doing to support commercial fleet operators, including how it is working with industry to improve the availability and affordability of alternative fuelled vehicles and refuelling infrastructure, as well

leet GreenF up teamedITY to C with Lo inaugural e stage th mercial Com t event lee GreenF ebruary in on 23 Fkenham Twic

Alternative fuels Arcola Energy and Ulemco hosted a roundtable session on hydrogen, enabling delegates to learn how this zero‑emission fuel can work for them. Arcola Energy supply the Kangoo ZE‑H2, an all‑electric van with a fuel cell range extender from Symbio FCell. It is a zero‑emission vehicle with a range of up to 250 miles. As a zero emission vehicle it is exempt from London’s congestion charge and suitable for all UK city clean air zones.

Oliver Lord from Greater London Authority gave an update on the Mayor of London’s strategy for cleaning up the capital’s air

A question and answer session let commercial fleet operators find out more and enquire about the technology

Presentations taught delegates about the use of hydrogen as a dual fuel and how other zero‑emission fuels can work for them Amanda Lyne, managing director of ULEMCo spoke about how hydrogen can be used as dual fuel in commercial vehicles, allowing operators to use diesel when hydrogen is not available. Delegates also took part in a case study round table, where Commercial Group shared their experience of running a hydrogen fleet, and Z-Tech spoke about their electric vehicles. Meanwhile, Cenex and LowCVP – independent researchers and champions of low-emission transport – also hosted a round table session so delegates could hear about what support there is for greening their fleet, such as the Whole Life Cost and Emissions Tool. Iveco displayed the new gas-powered Stralis NP (see page 40) which was also available to test drive

Arcola Energy’s Kangoo ZE‑H2 is an all‑electric van with a fuel cell range extender from Symbio FCell

Tevva’s electric truck was also showcased

Commercial GreenFleet

as sharing case studies of companies already using cleaner vans and LGVs. Oliver Lord from Greater London Authority gave an update on the Mayor of London’s strategy for cleaning up the capital’s air, such as through its Ultra Low Emission Zone, greener bus and taxi fleets, and perks for electric vehicle drivers. Dean Hedger from Alphabet gave a presentation on how the company is working with commercial vehicle operators to meet their specific requirements, such as through specialist conversions, which make up 70 per cent of its LCV fleet. The company allows firms to lease electric vehicles through its AlphaElectric sub‑brand, and were able to share their expertise to delegates throughout the day.

Sharing the technology Martin Flach from Iveco spoke about the Martin Flack from Iveco spoke about the company’s Natural Power Technology, which allows trucks to have ultra-low emissions, quieter operation and lower fuel costs. Iveco’s new Stralis NP – the world’s first gas-powered heavy truck for long-distance operations – was available for test drives, and proved popular with delegates. Mike Lucia from Mitsubishi showcased the company’s Outlander 4Work, a commercial plug-in hybrid vehicle. It has a payload of 510kg, qualifies for the Plug-in Grant, is available to rapid charge up to 80 per cent in 25 minutes, and is London Congestion Charge exempt. The Outlander was available for delegates to test drive on the day. Delegates could also get behind the wheels of a Nissan e-NV200 electric van, which has a range of up to 105 miles and a cargo capacity almost identical to a standard‑powered NV200. Perpetual V2G Sytems were present on the day, showcasing its off-grid power applications. The Lithium Power Supply replaces the need for engine idling to power refrigeration units on supermarket delivery vans, utility vehicles and leisure vehicles. It can also be used in emergency response vehicles which need to keep equipment powered up. The electric eDucato, supplied by BD Auto, was also available on the day. Standard models in the eDucato range are 3.5t or 4.25t panel vans (13-17m3) which have a working range of 125 miles, can recharge in eight hours and have payloads ranging from 800-1300kg. Magtech showcased its electric and range‑extended vehicle drive systems, bringing with it an electric truck which was on display. EO Charging shared its electric vehicle charging points which have a unique grid balancing functionality, which is critical for when vehicle numbers are high and available power supply is limited. The NewMotion also displayed its smart technology charge points that monitor usage, help journey planning, manage costs and load balances power requirements from the national grid. Other exhibitors on hand to share their EV expertise were, a company that supplies new and used electric vehicles, and FleetDrive Electric who provide leased electric vehicles and fleet consultancy. L FURTHER INFORMATION



Scotland’s Premier Low Emission Vehicle Event Friday 5 May 2017 Royal Highland Centre, Edinburgh

Register for FREE at

GreenFleet Derby

Mini’s first ever plug-in electric vehicle, the Mini Cooper S E Countryman ALL4 PHEV will be on static display at GreenFleet Derby

GreenFleet Derby The GreenFleet events team is coming to the ‘Go Ultra Low’ city of Derby on 8 March, to host an event which will allow local fleet and transport managers to hear about Derby’s electric vehicle plans, as well as test drive the latest plug-in cars and vans At the beginning of last year, Derby was selected to be a Go Ultra Low City, which means they were granted funding from the Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV) to make their city greener by increasing the number of plug-in cars on their roads. As part of this, Derby and Nottinghamshire were given £6 million. This will be used to install 230 charge points and give EV owners discounted parking and permission to use 13 miles of bus lanes. The investment will also pay for a new business support programme, which will let local companies try out electric vans before they buy. These plans are subject to public consultation. Derby was also chosen as one of five cities to introduce a clean air zone as part of the government’s plans to improve air quality. This came after analysis which showed that Derby was one of five cities outside of London where levels of nitrogen dioxide from transport was more likely to exceed the EU

values in 2020, unless action was taken. The clean air zones will not affect private car owners, but will charge the most polluting vehicles such as old buses, taxes, coaches and lorries, to discourage them from entering the zone. A further £279,750 has been awarded to Derby City Council as part of the government’s Air Quality Grant programme, which helps local authorities tackle air quality in their areas. The money will be used to retro-fit the council’s HGV fleet with emissions reduction technology, as well as fund a cleaner taxis research and engagement programme.

leet GreenF y Derb ce e pla will tak ch at the ar on 8 M Stadium, in rk Pride Paciation with asso ity Council Derby Cd OLEV GreenFleet Derby an Against this backdrop,

GreenFleet Derby will take place on 8 March at the Pride Park Stadium in Derby, and is being staged in association with Derby City Council and with the support of the Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV). In a morning session chaired by motoring journalist Quentin Willson, fleet and transport managers from the area will hear the latest information surrounding



Derby’s EV infrastructure plans, air quality strategies, and information on electric vehicles and their grants and incentives. After the seminar, delegates will be able to break into small groups and test drive the latest electric models from BMW, Mini, Nissan and LDV. There will also be a round-table session led by headline sponsors Alphabet, who will talk about funding options for zero and ultra-low emission vehicles, as well as alternatives to EV ownership, such as its AlphaCity car sharing scheme. Quentin Willson, who is an electric car owner, will also hold a roundtable session to enable delegates to ask questions on operating an EV. What’s more, delegates will be able to get a preview of Mini’s first ever plug-in electric vehicle, the Mini Cooper S E Countryman ALL4 PHEV, which will be on static display for the first time ever at a GreenFleet event. The Mini PHEV has a 1,499cc petrol engine and electric motor, and can achieve a pure electric range of up to 25 miles. It emits as little as 49g/km. Delegates at GreenFleet Derby will also enjoy breakfast, lunch and all day refreshments, free of charge. L FURTHER INFORMATION



Road Test Written by Richard Gooding


Suzuki Celerio SZ3 1.0 Dualjet The Suzuki Celerio is one of the cleanest standard internal combustion-engined cars GreenFleet has ever tested. Richard Gooding finds out that low emissions doesn’t necessarily mean low fun

Suzuki Celerio SZ3 1.0 Dualjet ENGINE:

998cc, three-cylinder petrol





MPG (combined):


GF MPG (combined):



Band A, £0




£8,999 (inc VAT, £9,464 as tested)

What is it? The Suzuki Celerio was launched in the UK in February 2015, and is a budget city car, aimed to compete with the Hyundai i10, Kia Picanto and Vauxhall Viva among others. A car with emerging market roots, it is built in both India and Thailand, and with prices ranging from £6,999 to £10,199, high‑end versions of the all-new Japanese city runaround are near to the price of mid‑level specification Volkswagen Up models. All Celerios undercut the current magic 100g/km of CO2, which means value and low running costs are just two of its trump cards. How does it drive? Two small-capacity petrol engines power the Celerio range. Both are 898cc, three‑cylinder units: one, ‘K10B’, is rated at 99g/km, while the second, ‘K10C’, has Suzuki’s ‘Dualjet’ technology which lowers emissions to just 84g/km. Only available in SZ3 trim, the 1.0 Dualjet manual Celerio is the cleanest car on sale under £10,000. To achieve the headline low CO2 emissions figure, the K10C Dualjet unit has increased thermal efficiency, an improved compression ratio and a dual-injection system with friction reduction technology to enhance the combustion efficiency (see panel). Both engines develop 65bhp, which on paper, doesn’t sound like a lot, but, like the


All Suzuki dels mo Celerio cut the under magic scale, the price is a current, with the consideration here: m 100g/k et rated at the pay-off is that the five‑door only, 845kg Dualj /km Celerio comes with g 4 8 impressively more kit

68lb ft (93Nm) of torque afforded our test car, is plenty enough to provide the little Celerio with a decent turn of speed. There’s the usual three-cylinder throb, and the little engine is zingy and copes with most situations well, even motorways, although acceleration can suffer when out of the urban sprawl. On the move, the Celerio is commendably quiet, the three-cylinder engine only making itself heard when getting up to speed. But even that’s fun, the distinctive off-beat engine note only adding to the driving experience. The five-speed gearbox has a nice positive action and is ‘mechanical’ in feel: a good thing which enhances the eager nature of the little Suzuki. The Celerio is very much a fun car to drive and handles with vigour. The Suzuki strings together a set of corners impressively well, and, maybe surprisingly, rewards like few sub-supermini compact cars can. While the seats look very flat, they are actually very comfortable, and there is ample room in the back, too: two male passengers had no complaints during our test. Elsewhere, the 254‑litre boot runs larger cars such as the Ford Fiesta close for capacity. The front matches the rear for impressive space, and while the plastics of the dashboard are towards the lower end of the quality


than many of its rivals. And sometimes fancy isn’t necessarily better – the two-line matrix display works well and the radio unit is better to use than some touchscreen systems for example, as it features old-fashioned rotary knobs. How economical is it? Suzuki quotes a combined cycle fuel economy of 65.7mpg for non-Dualjet K10B models, which rises to 78.4mpg for the more technologically-advanced and lower‑emission car. While we never saw values that high, we did record a highest figure of 71.4mpg. For most of our 373-mile test duration, we rarely saw values dip to below 50.0mpg. A gearshift indicator and fuel consumption/range display are provided to help monitor the car’s appetite for petrol. Our average fuel consumption in ‘real-world’ conditions was 58.5mpg. In tests by industry title What Car?, the Celerio was crowned as the best car to offer the highest “True MPG” in its class at 62.9mpg. It was also the recipient of the same title’s ‘Best Budget’ car award under £8,000 for 2017, and has also won a

What is Dualjet technology? The Celerio’s newly-developed 1.0-litre ‘K10C’ petrol engine features major advances in thermal efficiency to aid fuel consumption and lower emissions.

The Celerio’s interior may betray its budget origins, but equipment is high

Five-door only Celerio’s shape is square and simple, but that aids practicality

Green Apple Environmental Award, which favours more environmentally-friendly cars. What does it cost? Three trim levels are available for the Celerio: SZ2, SZ3, and the range-topping SZ4. SZ2 cars start at just £6,999, and aren’t as frippery-free as the price would suggest. Standard equipment includes body-coloured door handles, central locking, CD/DAB radio system with two speakers, driver’s seat height adjustment, electric front windows, power steering, rev counter, tilt-adjustable steering wheel as well as a 60:40 split rear seat. Move up to our test car’s mid-range SZ3 trim – from £8,399 – and kit is even more impressive with 14-inch alloy wheels, body-coloured exterior mirrors, manual air conditioning, a pollen filter, remote central locking, tinted glass, and USB and Bluetooth connectivity as standard. From our week with the car, it is possibly all the kit you need, the only option on our test model being the £465 Cerulean Blue Metallic paint finish. However, should you desire more, SZ4 Celerios start at £9,399 and add electric door mirrors and rear windows, four speakers, and front fog lamps. Top-line SZ4 models can be identified by a chrome accent on the front grille. The 1.0-litre K10B engine can be specified in SZ2, SZ3, and SZ4 trims, while the more economical Dualjet unit can only

be ordered on SZ3 models. An automatic gearbox is solely available on SZ4 cars. Safety kit is high on all Celerios, despite it low price. ABS with Electronic Brake Distribution and Brake Assist system; ESP; driver, passenger, side and curtain airbags; hill hold function; ISOFIX child seat fixings; rear childproof locks; and a tyre pressure monitor are all standard, making the little Suzuki a very safe car for its modest asking price. As for rivals, the recently refreshed Hyundai i10 starts at £8,995 for the 108g/km 1.0 S model, rising to the 139g/km Premium SE at £13,045. The Vauxhall Viva costs from £9,175 in entry-level 104g/km SE guise, topping out at £10,575 for the 103g/km SL. The Volkswagen Up is priced from £8,995 in its most basic 101g/km Take Up trim, and its extensive range is completed with the 108g/km £12,455 High Up model. The larger and more traditionally-sized Dacia Sandero costs from £5,995 in Access trim, but emissions are higher than the Suzuki at 117g/km. Lower-emitting dCi versions almost match the cleanest version of the Suzuki but they start at £9,195 in mid-level Ambiance trim. How much does it cost to tax? As all Suzuki Celerio models slot under the 100g/km tax threshold, all versions sit in the lowest VED Band A. This means all versions cost nothing to tax under the current vehicle

Road Test

Good fuel economy is easily achievable from the 1.0 Dualjet engine

These are achieved by an improved 12.0:1 compression ratio, the adoption of a dual-injection system and friction reduction technology. Suzuki has adopted a cooled EGR system and piston cooling jets to suppress uncontrolled combustion ‘knock’ or detonation, while optimising the compression ratio to convert fuel energy to mechanical energy more efficiently. Greater combustion efficiency has also been achieved through the adoption of a dual injection system and bowl-shaped piston crowns, which achieve higher air turbulence inside the cylinder. For ultimate thermal efficiency, the Japanese manufacturer has also utilised a variety of friction reduction technologies. The Dualjet technology also positions the fuel injectors very close to the engine inlet valves to allow a finer fuel atomisation (or mixture) which provides a more effective transfer into the powertrain. The ‘K10C’ engine also features Engine Automatic Stop Start (EASS) when the car is stationary. tax system for both the first and subsequent years. However, once new bands come into force on 1 April 2017, the lowest-emitting Celerio will attract a £100 charge for the first year, while the standard rate for 2017‑2018 is £140. Versions which emit 99g/km will be charged £120 in the first year, rising to the same £140 rate as the 84g/km car thereafter. Why does my fleet need one? Aside from being one of the cheapest ways into low emission motoring (though that will be a little less cost-effective when the new 2017 vehicle tax rules are implemented), the Celerio is very well-equipped for the price, more practical than you might imagine, and is also a lot of fun to drive. In an age blinded by technology, the diminutive Suzuki has an old-school, cheeky and unpretentious nature, and a very willing to please character which is refreshingly gratifying. It deserves to make many friends because of that alone, but add in the potentially low running costs and high levels of economy, and we can’t see the Celerio being anything less than the cost-effective and environmentally‑friendly winner than it already and deservedly is. L FURTHER INFORMATION



First Drive


Citroën SpaceTourer Business BlueHDi 150 M S&S

Written by Richard Gooding

While its futuristic-sounding name might not take it into the stratosphere, Richard Gooding finds that the new Citroën SpaceTourer does offer increased space and seating flexibility over traditional multi‑purpose vehicles: ideal for those who are seeking more spacious travel solutions What is it? With very few ways to disguise it, it’s obvious that the new Citroën SpaceTourer is the passenger-carrying version of the French company’s new Dispatch van, which we tested in GreenFleet issue 96. Bad that’s no bad thing. Like its award‑winning commercial sister, the SpaceTourer is available in three lengths: the 4.60m XS, the 4.95m M, and the 5.30m XL. Similarly to the Dispatch, the XS variant is a new, more traditional MPV-sized entrant into the van-derived passenger carrying market. Of course, the big advantage players in the commercial-derived market have is their increased capacity, and the SpaceTourer can be configured with eight or even nine seats – a traditional car‑based MPV will be limited to seven. How does it drive? Although the SpaceTourer cannot hide its origins thanks to its large square shape, the standard body-coloured bumpers and exterior trim helps distance it from its commercial cousin. Our test car featured £400 optional 17-inch alloy wheels which lifted the looks even further, while a large – but heavy – one‑piece tailgate at the rear makes the big Citroën appear more ‘civilian’. The rear window also opens independently of the rear door itself, too, a useful and practical touch. Inside, the hotels, private chauffeurs, and taxi firms the SpaceTourer is aimed at will appreciate its nicely‑finished dashboard and flashes of sliver trim, which makes it appear more upmarket. Just like the Dispatch, the SpaceTourer features a seven-inch colour touchscreen in the middle of the dashboard which brings connected media, smartphone/telephone options and satellite navigation technologies. SpaceTourer Business variants – the model we have on test here – come as standard with three rows of seats, with the only difference between eight and nine-seater models being a two-place bench rather than an individual passenger chair. The second row of seats folds down for passage into the rearmost three, and passengers who sit in the third row of seats get the same 250mm of knee room as those a row ahead, and the SpaceTourer’s large square shape makes for a good load carrying capacity.

Mid-length M versions of the SpaceTourer boast 507 litres of luggage space with the third row of seats in place, rising to 2,281 litres with them removed. However, take out the second row of seats, and there is 3,968 litres of capacity. Want more? The largest XL models offer 4,544 litres when all the rear seats are removed, and up to 2,932 litres with the second row in place. Further aids to practicality include large sliding side rear doors which can be motorised for even more ease. They can also be opened and closed via ‘Hands Free’ technology by waving your foot under the rear bumper corners. Also, the 1.9-metre height of the SpaceTourer itself enables it to fit into most indoor parking areas, making height restrictions a thing of the past. The BlueHDi 150 2.0-litre engine sits towards the top of the SpaceTourer range, but even with its 148bhp and 273lb ft (370Nm) of torque, the SpaceTourer’s pace is more on the leisurely and laid back side thanks to its 2,800kg weight. However, for most, it will do the job just fine when it comes to shuttling people across busy cities. On the move, the big Citroën is refined for such a large vehicle, and being based on the same new car-like ‘EMP2’ platform as the Dispatch and the C4 Picasso means it is enjoyable to drive. The high seat height means vision isn’t an issue, while the light steering helps placement on the road and makes the SpaceTourer easy to manoeuvre. The suspension has been retuned from the Dispatch and the van-based MPV delivers a compliant and comfortable ride.

buyers. The range starts with the XS BlueHDi 95 manual at £28,550 OTR, while our test BlueHDi 150 S&S 6-speed manual model in mid-length M form costs £31,730. The top of the range XL BlueHDi 180 S&S EAT6 automatic version meanwhile is priced at £34,830 OTR.  How does the SpaceTourer stack up to its rivals in terms in price? Just as with the Dispatch, there is in-house competition to the big Citroën in the form of the new Peugeot Traveller. Like its PSA Group cousin, the Traveller is also available in both private and business versions and in the same three lengths as the SpaceTourer, and both their commercial siblings.  The Peugeot Traveller Business Compact starts the range at a SpaceTourer Business XS‑identical £28,550 OTR, while prices further up the range mirror the Citroën model length‑for-length, engine‑for‑engine. The Peugeot has an even plusher ‘VIP’ trim level, though, which tops out at £41,340 for the BlueHDi 180 S&S EAT6 automatic in 5.3m Long form. Other rivals include the Volkswagen Shuttle, based on the firm’s successful sixth‑generation Transporter. Available in two lengths with four, five, six, seven, eight, and nine-seat versions with 2.0‑litre TDI engines, prices start at £30,348 OTR.

How economical is it? Citroën quotes a combined cycle economy figure of 53.3mpg for the SpaceTourer Business BlueHDi 150 S&S 6-speed manual, while the lower-powered BlueHDi 115 models fare marginally better at 54.3mpg. The lowest‑powered BlueHDi 95 version also achieves the lowest combined cycle fuel economy value at 51.4mpg. All the SpaceTourer’s BlueHDi diesel engines meet Euro 6 emission standards and have Selective Catalyst Reduction as standard.

Why does my fleet need one? Space and versatility are what most buyers look for in vehicles such as the SpaceTourer and its here where the big Citroën delivers. The flexible seating and luggage capacity arrangements mean there should be a combination which suits everyone, while the cleaner engines deliver more efficiency than before. Like the new Dispatch before it, the SpaceTourer is accomplished and enjoyable thanks to its car-derived technology, and if a traditional MPV is a little on the small side, it just might provide the right answer to the all-important extra space question. L

The Citroën er’s ur SpaceTodeliver enginesiency than ffic more e e and meet befor emission Euro 6 dards stan


What does it cost? There are two versions of the Citroën SpaceTourer. The first – in ‘Feel’ trim – is aimed at private customers, while the second – in ‘Business’ trim – is targeted at fleet


How much does it cost to tax? The Business BlueHDi 150 M S&S 6-speed is among the lowest emitters in the SpaceTourer range at 139g/km, and therefore attracts a Band E £130 first year VED rate. The XL versions cost more to tax at £145 (143g/km) and £180 (155g/km) depending on engine output for the same period, while the XS BlueHDi 95 manual has a £145 first‑year rate, thanks to CO2 emissions of 144g/km due to its lack of a stop-start system.   



1,997cc, four-cylinder diesel





MPG (combined):



Band E, £130




First Drive

Citroën SpaceTourer Business BlueHDi 150 M S&S 6-speed

£31,3730 (inc VAT, £33,900 as tested)

The Citroën SpaceTourer is based on the French company’s Dispatch light commercial

The SpaceTourer’s interior is more upmarket than its van sister and features car‑derived technology

The Citroën SpaceTourer can be confgured with eight or nine seats and is available in three lengths



Product Finder


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GreenFleet 101  

The Only Fleet Publication Dedicated to Promoting a Cleaner Environment

GreenFleet 101  

The Only Fleet Publication Dedicated to Promoting a Cleaner Environment