Counter Terror Business 51

Page 1 | ISSUE 51






What role can individuals have in making it successful?













PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT WITH THE LEGISLATION What role can individuals have in making it successful?

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WHAT’S PREVENTING PREVENT? It’s high time there was some official words about whether or not we will be able to (officially) see the Prevent Strategy review any time soon. A brief rewind - Liberal Democrat peer Lord Carlile was appointed in 2019 to lead it, but was swiftly ousted via a legal challenge from Rights Watch (UK) which argued that his appointment was unlawful due to his involvement in the formation of the strategy. Given concerns that Prevent is considered toxic by many British Muslims, the appointment thirteen months later of ‘Trumpian’ William Shawcross, a perceived Islamophobe who in 2012 said “Europe and Islam is one the greatest, most terrifying problems of our future” seemed insensitive at best. He was supposed to deliver the review on 30th September, but was granted an extension or three. In May this year, we find out through (undenied) leaks published in the Guardian that Shawcross would be recommending a shift of emphasis - away from challenging far right radicalisation and towards tackling Islamist extremism. All the data suggests, along with many experts, that he’s got it badly wrong. At present, the review is unreleased. Maybe it’s time to throw it away and start again with a more sensible choice to lead it who hasn’t got a track record of upsetting the very organisations that need to be involved in its successful delivery. This issue dives deep into the upcoming Protect Duty legislation, with articles by Figen Murray OBE and Ian Palmer, along with a look at how the events industry can prepare for the changes by ExCel’s head of security Henry Havis. CT guru Nick Aldworth examines how critical friendship can help in crisis situations and security expert Lee Doddridge looks at what qualifications may be required by security staff in order to meet Protect Duty’s eventual requirements. A big look at the upcoming International Security Exhibition, which takes place at Olympia London on 27/28th, starts on page 27, followed by what’s on show to protect against the cyber threat at the co-located International Cyber Expo. The security requirements of the aviation sector are dissected in a summary of the latest Pool Re aviation sector risk report on P50. To round off, we look at new technology for first responders on display at the Emergency Services Show in Birmingham on 21 & 22nd September. We welcome your feedback Danny Wright, acting editor

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CONTENTS CTB 51 11 CTB NEWS US resists Zelensky’s calls to recognise Russia as terrorist state; MI5 needs more funding to tackle right wing terrorism; Revised guidelines for terrorism sentencing; New Protect Duty app launched

17 PROTECT DUTY: As the Protect Duty legislation approaches, Figen Murray OBE and Ian Palmer consider public engagement and the motivation of staff involved in delivering the Protect Duty Act’s requirements

19 PROTECT DUTY: CRITICAL FRIENDS Emerging from his personal review of both the Manchester Arena Inquiry and the Dame Louise Casey review in the UEFA cup final in 2021, CT expert Nick Aldworth concludes that decision-makers would have benefited from critical friendship.

22 PROTECT DUTY: TRAINING Delivering the requirements of the Protect Duty legislation will require specialist training. Security expert Lee Doddridge looks at the legals aspects affecting both sides of those responsible for Publicly Accessible Locations

24 PROTECT DUTY: HVM How does Hostile Vehicle Mitigation fit into the Protect Duty? CTB talks to Debbie Heald MBE, managing director of Heald, which has highsecurity products in some of the world’s most high-profile locations

25 DRONE TECHNOLOGIES The widespread availability of affordable drones presents a new set of security challenges. Here’s a summary of the CTB365 Webinar Drones and CounterDrone Technology and details of how you can view the full event

27 INTERNATIONAL SECURITY EXPO Renowned for providing the critical link between Government, industry, academia and the entire end-user community, International Security Expo returns to London from 27-28 September to celebrate its 20th anniversary

46 CYBER SECURITY Former senior intelligence & security officer Philip Ingram MBE looks towards opportunities for knowledge sharing at International Cyber Expo, which takes place on 27-28 September at Olympia, alongside International Security Expo

50 AVIATION An analysis of open source information and interviews with senior security officials from UK airports informs Pool Re Solutions latest Aviation Sector Risk Report, which examines how the threats to UK aviation have changed

55 EMERGENCY SERVICES SHOW This years’ Emergency Services Show is set to be the biggest yet and will introduce new areas of focus including the First Responder theatre, which aims to strengthen the relationship between the emergency services and security sectors


Counter Terror Business magazine // ISSUE 51 | COUNTER TERROR BUSINESS MAGAZINE





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US resists Zelensky’s calls to recognise Russia as terrorist state


that would follow from designation as a state sponsor of terrorism, so the practical effects of what we’re doing are the same,” Blinken said at a news conference. According to legal experts, Blinken has ‘wide latitude’ to impose various designations, but only under specific circumstances. Brian Finucane, a senior adviser at the International Crisis Group which recently worked on military and counterterrorism issues at the State Department, said: “For diplomacy, it’s not practical to designate a state with which the US has a multifaceted relationship,” In the Trump administration, former Secretary of State Mike Pompeo labelled Cuba a “state sponsor of terrorism,” a step that the Biden administration has yet to reverse, despite scepticism about its justification.

Addressing the United Nation Security Council, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has called on the world, and specifically the US State Department, to recognise Russia as a terrorist state for the way its forces have attacked civilian targets. He said it would not be just a political gesture but an “effective defence of the free world.” Despite Zelensky’s repeated calls, and though the US Senate has passed a

non-binding resolution urging Secretary of State Antony Blinken to label Russia as a state sponsor of terrorism, he has stopped short of doing so, arguing that any decision must be based on existing legal definitions, while also suggesting that the point was moot because Russia was already under many sanctions. “The costs that have been imposed on Russia by us and by other countries are absolutely in line with the consequences



Mark Rowley ‘deeply honoured’ to lead Met

Poorly secured isotopes increase dirty bomb threat according to Henry Jackson report

When the former head of British counter-terrorism police Sir Mark Rowley takes up the role as the new commissioner of the London Metropolitan Police in September, he will be under pressure to restore faith in the ability of officers at a time when public trust has hit record lows. Rowley, 57, was selected after a series of scandals led to the resignation in February of former police commissioner Cressida Dick, which was followed by the force being put into ‘special measures’ by HM Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire and Rescue Services. Earlier this year, an investigation slammed a culture of misogyny, bullying and sexual harassment. Sir Mark said he was ‘deeply honoured’ to take up the role: “Our mission is to lead the renewal of policing by consent which has been so heavily dented in recent years as trust and confidence have fallen.” .


A new report from the Henry Jackson Society has warned that the poor security of radiological elements has created an “increased likelihood” of a dirty bomb terror attack within the decade. The report’s author, London-based nuclear consultant Dr Bahram Ghiassee, said: “Since 9/11 the international community has been concerned with nuclear terrorism, but the likelihood of a terrorist acquiring nuclear material is remote. It’s a different story with radiological materials, which have been dismissed as an adjunct.“ . “We can find radiological materials in research centres and hospitals and they are poorly secured.“ In the report, Dr Ghiassee also suggested that radiological isotopes could also be smuggled into Britain, both through official UK borders or illegal routes used


by some migrants or criminals. Ghiassee has called for the UN Security Council to adopt a legally binding resolution to oblige all UN Member States to adopt legal and stringent frameworks to secure the isotopes, along with the creation by the nuclear watchdog, IAEA of a new ‘International Centre for Radiological Security’. Ghiassee stressed: “This doesn’t mean that the UK cannot be proactive on its own. The Government must amend the Border Strategy to extend and expand monitoring systems beyond airports and established maritime crossings. We simply must ensure these sources are secure, so access to radioactive sources is made more difficult.”





MI5 needs more funding to tackle right wing terrorism The Intelligence and Security Committee has called for additional funding to help MI5 tackle the rise in right wing terrorism. The Committee’s latest report found that the number of Extreme Right-Wing Terrorism (ERWT) investigations, disruptions, and SelfInitiated Terrorist referrals have all increased steadily since 2017. The report also notes that 30 per cent of the attacks prevented by counter terror police were motivated by an ERWT ideology. Of particular concern, individuals with an ERWT ideology often seek to join the military, and that military experience is a source of legitimacy among ERWT groups. However, the Armed Forces does not provide clear direction to service personnel regarding membership of any organisation, let alone an extremist one. ISC chairman Dr Julian Lewis MP,

said:“The threat from ERWT is on an upward trajectory, populated by an increasing number of young people and driven by the internet. “There are reports that groups and individuals have sought to co-opt the Covid-19 pandemic, using conspiracy theories and exploiting grievances to radicalise and recruit. While the full impact of the global pandemic has yet to be seen, we are assured that the intelligence community and the police have recognised the impact that events such as the pandemic and the Black Lives Matter protests may have had on the extremist beliefs of individuals and the possibility that this will lead to an increase in the threat. “However, we were seriously concerned to find that MI5 have had to absorb responsibility for tackling ERWT without any resources. MI5 must be given additional funding to enable it to tackle the problem.”




Figen Murray receives OBE at Buckingham Palace

Protect Duty Training Cards app launched

E On 24 June, campaigner Figen Murray received her OBE from Prince William at Buckingham Palace after being named in the Queen’s New Year Honours list in December 2021 for her tireless work in counter-terrorism. The mother of Martyn Hett, who was tragically killed in the Manchester

Arena attack, recently graduated with a Master’s degree in counterterrorism. She is currently working with the government on the Protect Duty legislation expected later this year. After accepting the honour, Figen said: “There’s still a lot of work to be done and I’m pleased to say that the government is really good at working with us... so that’s progressing nicely,” “We have an opportunity before us to set the world leading standards and legislation that will provide organisations, businesses and their employees the training and tools to prevent future terror attacks and keep the public safe. I look forward to working closely with the Government to ensure this happens.”


NaCTSO consults on Competent Persons Scheme To support the design process of its Competent Persons Scheme (CPS), the National Counter Terrorism Security Office (NaCTSO) is asking the views of stakeholders in the security industry. The CPS is part of the Government Publicly Accessible Locations Programme, and will form a dedicated internal unit within NaCTSO. It aims to provide the business community with a national standard of knowledge and ability to support the mitigation of risks posed by terrorist threats, and the fulfilment of their duties under the new Protect Duty - whether this be using internal or external skillsets.



MI5 took primacy for Right Wing Terrorism (RWT) and Left, Anarchist and Single-Issue Terrorism (LASIT) in April 2020. All terrorist threats arising from these ideologies are managed in the same way as its international terrorism casework.



Developed by counter terrorism specialist Chris Phillips in partnership with YUDUSentinel, the Protect Duty Training Cards app is a free library of action cards for countering terrorist threats at venues, offering advice on what to do in the first few minutes of a crisis, including reporting suspicious behaviour, dealing with suspect packages, or responding to a terrorist attack. It consists of more than 150 quiz questions with information and advice. Phillips said: “I wanted to develop something useful and practical to help the frontline staff to get the ball rolling as early as possible. bIt tests knowledge and keeps staff current with questions and answers on each subject.” It is available to download free of charge from Apple’s App store.



UK funded Anti-Terrorism Police Unit opens in Kenya

E A UK-funded Anti-Terrorism Police Unit (ATPU) designed to provide a dedicated space to work on terrorism cases has been opened in Mombasa, Kenya. The building has dedicated

spaces for different ATPU teams – investigations, evidence analysis and forensics - enabling them to work together under one roof. It also has a multi-agency room to facilitate working with other national

security bodies and international partners in a secure environment. Over the last year, the UK has supported the ATPU with various activities including training on terrorist financing and the delivery of an internationally-accredited ‘Training of Trainers’ programme. The UK government claims that it has helped to reduce vulnerability to radicalisation of 800 Kenyans through engagement with communities and civil society organisations.



Neo Nazi groups present ‘cocktail of risk’ says McCallum In the first time that the security services of the UK and US have shared a platform, FBI director Chris Wray and MI5 director general Ken McCallum used it to warn of the growing longterm threat posed by China to UK and US interests, but also warned of the difficulties posed by domestic terror cases that increasingly cross borders. McCallum remarked that in Britain, investigations involving individuals motivated by racism, neo-Nazism, or related hateful ideologies represent about 20 percent of the terrorism caseload, while many of the individuals of concern are at a young age. He said: “With the neo-Nazi racist

groups, there is, if anything, a greater emphasis on juveniles within the caseload and a more obsessive interest in weaponry — in many cases even before there is some kind of attack planned. There’s kind of an interest in weaponry for its own sake, so it creates a very difficult cocktail of risk.” Racist violence has generally been categorised as a domestic terror threat, but perpetrators increasingly appear to draw inspiration from people in foreign countries who conducted their own terrorist attacks. In the United States back in May, the suspect in the Buffalo market shooting in which ten black people

E were killed showed admiration for Brenton Tarrant, the Australian gunman who killed 51 people at mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand.



Revised guidelines for terrorism sentencing published The Sentencing Council has published updated sentencing guidelines for terrorism offences in England and Wales.The revisions come into effect on 1 October and reflect changes brought in by the Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 and the CounterTerrorism and Sentencing Act 2021. Revisions to the Preparation of Terrorist acts and Explosive substances (terrorism only) guidelines include new guidance for judges sentencing offenders who meet the criteria for a ‘serious terrorism sentence’.This is a new sentence that carries a minimum penalty of 14 years’ custody unless exceptional circumstances apply. New guidance considers whether

exceptional circumstances justify a departure from that sentence. The revised guidelines also include: the Collection of terrorism information guideline which now covers offenders who view material over the internet or

download it to use in a specific terrorist act, with a up to 14 years in custody. Sentencing Council member, Mrs Justice McGowan, said: “Terrorism offences are thankfully rare but they are serious and can cover a wide range of factual circumstances, making them difficult and sensitive offences to sentence. For this reason, the Council has ensured that the guidelines are kept up to date and include additional guidance for sentencers. “These revised guidelines will ensure consistency and transparency in the sentencing of these offences.”





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As the Protect Duty legislation approaches, increased public awareness and understanding about threat perception from terrorism would enable people to become more resilient citizens. Figen Murray OBE and Ian Palmer, principal lecturer and academic lead for UG Policing and Criminology at the University of Central Lancashire, consider public engagement and the motivation of staff involved in delivering the Act’s requirements

REFRAMING THE SECURITY QUESTION P ersonal and communal security will be enhanced by the inclusion of citizens who are resilient and empowered, as safety will not be achieved merely by the creation of legislation, but by its effective enactment in the real world. The central role of resilient citizens was amplified by those professionals from counterterrorism, policing, politics, and specialised journalism, who were interviewed during Figen’s research. Raising awareness of the changes in the Protect Duty legislation is one important element towards empowering the public to support effective security and challenge poor security more assertively. In this article we will discuss other critical considerations for those who will take on the new statutory duties. Whilst work around the finer details of the

Protect Duty carries on in the background progress will inevitably be delayed due to the current political situation. The Prime Minister has resigned, as have other members of the Government, including the security minister, Damian Hinds. As we write, it is concerning that there is currently no figure head leading this process, but it is the nature of our democracy that prioritises the need for effective structures of government to be in place before the business of Government can be progressed. The business of Government, of which the Protect duty is part, cannot happen in vacuum, and by dint of current circumstance we must be patient but vigilant that a temporary delay is not allowed to become a postponement. E



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PROTECT DUTY  PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT Public engagement is one of the key elements to ensure the success of the amended Protect Duty. Raising public awareness about threat from terrorism with a soft touch campaign will enable the people to gain a better understanding of the need for security. The public can be instrumental in improving security at venues and events as there will be opportunity to challenge poor security if people feel unsafe. At the very least an informed public can share the responsibility for their own security simply by being more alert and aware of their surroundings. Other communities work together with their members by educating people through a series of training programmes. One such organisation is the Community Security Trust. Here is what they say: “The Community Security Trust (CST) is a charity that for decades has provided the security at the UK Jewish community’s 650 communal buildings and 1,000 events a year. SAFE (Security Advice for Everyone) shares CST’s security knowledge with groups outside the Jewish community that are vulnerable to violence, extremism or hate crime. We should all be able to lead our lives in safety and security, especially when we congregate with our communities. SAFE provides free help and support to people who want to make their community as safe as possible.” The Protect Duty public consultation generated much discussion in the security industry due to concerns of what the detail of the legislation will entail, and what specific duties will be required. The cost of security has been a major issue, with concerns that security needs to be affordable, especially for smaller organisations, or those operating on smaller budgets. COST VS QUALITY We expect the legislation to operate upon the basis of proportionality which means that one size will not fit all. Sound risk assessment and mitigating measures may not necessarily involve high costs. Training for security and risk mitigation is available from a variety of sources, some of which are free of charge and online. The very basic, and some of the more advanced ACT e-learning packages are free of charge. Regular staff training and incentives will keep people motivated. Well-looked after staff will look after the interests of their employer and their customers. However, the remuneration of security staff has also featured in Protect Duty conversations and there needs to be a reconciliation between the affordability of security staff and the quality of those attracted to undertake those roles.

IN CIRCUMSTANCES, SUCH AS SECURITY, WHERE SO MUCH IS AT STAKE, ACTIONS TO PROMOTE STAFF BEHAVIOURS WHICH TRANSLATE INTO CUSTOMER WELLBEING AND SAFETY HAVE GOT TO BE SEEN AS A SOUND INVESTMENT. The industry needs to correlate the profile and skills required by effective security roles and the remuneration offered to ensure they reflect the level of decision-making, and the soft and hard skills required. Some individuals in the Protect Duty conversations suggested that increasing the remuneration of security staff could result in a more motivated and dedicated workforce. Good security as an outcome can be influenced by how an organisation treats its staff. Investing in its people through a great work environment, sound and regular training, a decent pay packet and a real sense of being a valuable member of staff are all recognised as high-return motivators across people management globally. An authentic sense of social responsibility towards staff will reflect on the wellbeing of customers because staff will buy into the mission, vision and purpose of their employers. In circumstances, such as security, where so much is at stake, actions to promote staff behaviours which translate into customer wellbeing and safety have got to be seen as a sound investment.

The development of Battersea Power Station is an example of that principle in action. They understand that staff are an asset worth looking after and promoting a sense of community. All employees are focussed on giving customers a great experience when visiting the power station. Paul Considine, head of security and contingency at Bidvest Noonan says: “An investment in well trained, professional security personnel and systems not only achieves safe and secure spaces for customers to work, live and socialise in but as an extension of the client, security staff will engage with customers resolving their issues and thereby elevating the customer’s experience resulting in positive feedback and repeat business. The earlier security professionals are consulted in the design process the more likely they are to identify risk providing bespoke solutions to mitigate the threat. Delayed consultation can prove more costly in the long run or compromise the Security solution adversely impacting any mitigation implemented.” E







PROTECT DUTY  SECURITY IS A CUSTOMER SERVICE What is clear to us, however, is that security measures associated with the Protect Duty must be viewed with the same care as the reputation of the business itself. Security does not have to be a department or a budget line, it can, and should be a state of mind. Associating security with customer service is a progressive stance, regardless of any statutory duty. Providing customers with the confidence that their safety has been considered and provided for is good for profile, good for reputation and quite simply the right thing to do. THE REALITY OF COST The industry needs to be united in tendering practices. Should venues or event organisers seek to reduce what they are willing to pay for effective security, then reputable providers need to walk away rather than compromise the security of staff and customers. A uniformity of practice and standards will create and sustain the reality that proper security and their costs must be proportionate to the venue, the event and the prevailing context of threat and risk. Some of the larger providers can be instrumental in leading the way for good practice and thereby supporting smaller companies through the re-education of venues. This will take time and tenacity, but the reality is that risks cannot be reduced in the interest of cost-cutting. Organisations can consider a range of factors to identify the level of security they require.Whilst the legislation is expected to focus on premises with capacity of 100+, there is great variability beyond this threshold. High volume does not necessarily suggest high-cost security and neither does low volume suggest low costs. Factors such as anticipated risk, the ability for customers to contribute

THE EARLIER SECURITY PROFESSIONALS ARE CONSULTED IN THE DESIGN PROCESS THE MORE LIKELY THEY ARE TO IDENTIFY RISK PROVIDING BESPOKE SOLUTIONS TO MITIGATE THE THREAT. to the security effort, availability and suitability of technological solutions should be correlated with the mission and purpose of the venue or event. It is widely recognised that iconic locations are part of our country’s heritage and are targets by default. However, it would not be necessarily appropriate or effective to have airport-style security at our iconic religious buildings, for example. The cost of security should never be the insurmountable obstacle as the cost of no security can be unquantifiable. Should the worst-case scenario happen, it will be costly in so many ways beyond the tragic human cost, such as inquiries, compensation, and reputation. For these reasons the cost of security cannot be seen as a binary trade-off towards profitability. It is recognised that this extra financial commitment would need to be covered. Some organisations have covered the costs of additional security measures by their customers paying a security levy, such as Northampton University who charge a nominal fee to students to ’buy in’ an on-site police presence. Others have built these costs into their business plans. There is no single solution to the financing of these measures and each business will make their decisions based on their individual circumstances and their market. SECURITY VERSUS LIBERTY Keeping people safe is the ultimate customer service an organisation can give. This will enhance people‘s

sense of liberty through peace of mind. Sound security measures are also imperative to protect the brand of the venue and what it stands for. Democracy cannot work without security. Low and inadequate security measures can affect liberty as much as unnecessarily high security measures, as the costs could be in terms of human life, well-being, confidence, and reputation. We do not necessarily need more security but better security. The Protect Duty has at its heart the safety and security of people in the UK.Whilst the legislation has generated a lot of discussion, the general awareness is that change needs to happen. Change can be exciting and invigorating when people desire it, however, the Protect Duty is a change that has generated fear and scepticism as well as hope and positive engagement. We should recognise that a section of the industry is already making necessary adaptations to their venues and working practices. Whilst there will be a period of adaptation and initial teething problems, this legislation is going to be instrumental in saving lives. Preserving life is at the heart of the legislation and therefore makes it worth every effort. L






Staff the new eyes and ears for security Organisations with publicly-accessible locations are being encouraged to do their bit to protect the public from terrorist and other criminal activity, by using new awareness training to help their staff maximise safety and security. See, Check and Notify (SCaN) for All Staff was formally launched at the Home Office’s Security and Policing 2022 event, in Farnborough on Wednesday 16 March 2022. The free package uses hard-hitting video content to provide staff with an awareness of how to recognise suspicious activity (see, check) and know what to do when they encounter it (notify). Developed by the Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure (CPNI), SCaN for All Staff is part of a wider SCaN training programme, which aims to support organisations, venues and events to train staff to help disrupt hostile reconnaissance – the information-gathering terrorists and other criminals need to do to plan. SCaN for All Staff was promoted for the first time at an in-person event by Sgt Pete Lucas, from the National Project Servator Team, based at the City of London Police, which is responsible for developing and overseeing the SCaN training programme. Sgt Lucas said: “We believe SCaN is the future of security awareness. It can be the difference between an organisation being considered a target for hostile activity, or it being perceived as too difficult. “SCaN for All Staff gives organisations the opportunity to mobilise their workforces to help keep us all safe.

We believe it will help empower staff to know what to do if they encounter suspicious activity. “If used up and down the country, this could be a huge force multiplier, which is why we are making this accessible to everyone for free. “We are asking security industry colleagues and other professionals, such as learning and development leads, to champion this training in their own organisations. Your people are your biggest advantage in preventing and tackling hostile acts, such as terrorism or an insider threat. “SCaN for All Staff, including a video, facilitators notes and knowledge check, can be accessed online and delivered in-house, without having to rely on specialist trainers.” Figen Murray, OBE, whose son Martyn Hett was one of 22 people killed in the Manchester Arena terror attack in May 2017, is also encouraging organisations to train their staff, because she believes it could help with early detection. Figen, who campaigns for tangible changes to help ensure no other family has to go through what hers did, said: “SCaN training is so important for every single person in a company or organisation, irrespective of the role they play, because it is important to train ourselves to be aware of suspicious behaviour, suspicious individuals, and suspicious packages we may see in the course of our everyday lives. “It may just be you who spots that one person who can be a danger to all of us. It only takes one person to devastate people’s lives. Our lives were devastated through one person’s actions.”

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Henry Havis, head of security at the ExCeL centre, looks at the implications of the Protect Duty legislation for exhibition venues and the requirements it places on security professionals to provide a safer environment

SECURING THE VENUE O ver the course of the last year, the Association of Exhibition Venues (AEV) has worked closely with its peers in the National Association of Arenas (NAA) security working group, chaired by the brilliant Paul Williams (head of security for the O2 Arena, London) to clearly understand what the potential impacts are from the Protect Duty and what we need to do to prepare ourselves for the future. What is clear is that since the Manchester attack in 2017, through Figen Murray’s determined campaign for Martyn’s Law and further highlighted by feedback from the Manchester Inquiry, counter terrorism risks have not been taken as seriously as would have been expected and this has been seen across the event industry for some time. The inquiry chairman Sir John Saunders made it clear that the key stakeholders had not identified or managed risks effectively and this may have been symptomatic across the industry.

The Manchester Arena terrorist attack has provided the UK with a key moment in time, as significant as the Hillsborough disaster in 1989, to focus on the importance of effective security - as Hillsborough did on crowd safety and capacity. So, what the Protect Duty is aiming to do is to provide a legal approach to improve protective security and support organisations’ preparedness at publicly accessible locations (PALs). If the public can attend, it’s a PAL. This includes event venues of all sizes. The second theme of the consultation looked at what the requirements would be with an expectation that we should make consideration for terrorist threats and methodologies, assess likelihood and the impact of those threats and mitigate those risks by taking forward ‘reasonably practicable’ (a phrase justifiably borrowed from Health & Safety) and appropriate security measures.

EXPECTATIONS So what does that actually mean for the events industry given that no law has been passed at this time? In short, there is no legal obligation to do anything yet. However, since the release of certain parts of the Manchester inquiry, we have seen a significant change in expectations regarding protective security from the Police, Home Office, organisers and the public. Given that it is reasonable to expect that venues would be consulting on the inquiry, it is reasonable to expect that we are now aware that there is an increased expectation to combat the risks that have been highlighted. RESPONSIBILITY The Protect Duty consultation suggests that it was likely to look for a key named individual who will take responsibility for the Counter Terrorism Security plan for an event. Looking at the Manchester inquiry, it is an extremely difficult task to pin down the exact individual given the E



PROTECT DUTY  different requirements from venue to venue, and event to event. It is likely that venues themselves will need to lead, ensuring all parties understand their responsibilities and that these are completed to a competent level. The various elements of a security plan brought together through working groups and project teams would be overseen by the venue in accordance with the venue’s security guidance. Using ExCeL as an example, we could have multiple events in the building with multiple security teams working on site looking after their specific organisers. Each of them has a responsibility to their client as well as to the venue. The venue has a responsibility to the security team and the organisers to supply a safe environment for them to be able to host their events. The circle of responsibility continues to widen into the local area bringing in key stakeholders, local authorities and even policing teams. All with the same responsibility – the protection of the public. So in answer to who has responsibility, we all do but it is likely the venue will have a key stakeholder requirement to ensure due process is followed and adhered to, with oversight from local authorities. STAKEHOLDER MEETINGS One way of ensuring due process is followed is through regular attendance from all stakeholders to a working group meeting. Using ExCeL as an example, we host a weekly meeting with all security stakeholders. This isn’t to replace event planning meetings but as an additional tie in to ensure information, risks and actions plans are shared and actioned by operational leads. Stakeholders should include local and specialist policing leads where available. The use of Counter Terrorism Security Advisers (CTSAs) and Counter Terror Policing Officers (CTPOs) to provide overviews and briefings is a must. They can’t and shouldn’t be expected to provide feedback on every event, but they can help with the overarching security plan for a venue with regular, and where appropriate, real-time intelligence. Reliance on the police to provide intelligence is only one source available to venues. At ExCeL, we are supported by a multiple specialists that have a wider understanding of the venue’s operation and risks and have been used to complete vulnerability assessments. This is just one step that can help protect venues and the public. The responsibility for ensuring a ‘Protect Safe’ environment is everyone’s. TRAINING The Protect duty talks about having a competent person responsible for security. I have heard suggestion that this should be someone who has a


AT EXCEL, WE ARE SUPPORTED BY A MULTIPLE SPECIALISTS THAT HAVE A WIDER UNDERSTANDING OF THE VENUES OPERATION AND RISKS AND HAVE BEEN USED TO COMPLETE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT higher level of education is this area such as a degree or masters. I have neither, and yet I would class myself as a competent head of security with an experienced background in protective security and proven understanding of the requirements. At present, we don’t know if a NEBOSH-style qualification will be created for the security industry as there is in the Health and Safety world but it is something that AEV and NAA are looking at. On top of this, the Security Industry Authority has already launched a much improved enhanced process for door supervisor licenses. Security organisations are already focusing the training of their teams to include Counter Terrorism training as part of the basic package, including See Check and Notify (SCaN) and Action Counters Terrorism (ACT) training as a basic level. Again looking at ExCeL, we are further enhancing our capabilities through Behaviour Detection Training and Hostile Mindset training. All of this will ensure we are providing clients and public with first-rate officers who are competent, practiced and have an understanding of counter terrorism issues. There is an impact for organisers and public alike, as the training becomes more enhanced and specialised, the cost of a security officer will increase and this will need to be taken into account. We should be completing vulnerability assessments considering terrorist threats and methodologies and ensuring these are documented. At present there are no generic documents available for this but it is likely that the Home Office, on the completion of the Protect Duty or in line with the roll out of the ProtectUK App, will be able to supply these. DEVELOPING FURTHER MEASURES Either way, we need to assess the likelihood and impact of the threats that have been identified and mitigate those risks where reasonably practicable with appropriate measures. That shouldn’t mean that everything has to be done immediately or that an inappropriate amount of money should be spent, that’s the point of assessing the risk. There are measures that may form part of a long-term strategy and will take time to develop further. What shouldn’t be expected is that every event will have policing support and a full 100 per cent screening process involving bag searches and screening arches. In some cases, this will not be deemed as appropriate and could even


have a detrimental effect on people attending events. It needs to be a measured and risk assessed approach. The positive impacts to the event security industry we are seeing from just the Protect Duty consultation are encouraging and energizing. We are seeing greater cohesion from emergency services, local authorities and businesses throughout the industry. GUIDANCE The Protect Duty still has a lot more to give and a plethora of guidance to be provided by the government to ensure we are working to one goal but already the ethos of the Duty can be seen across the industry and a level of reassurance is starting to arise from this. Protective security risk management should not be confused or merged with other areas of risk and should be managed by a competent people - people with the requisite skills, knowledge and understanding of protective security to ensure that we are protecting the public and creating a safe environment. L



ABOUT THE AUTHOR Henry Havis is head of security for ExCeL London. During the course of the pandemic, Henry supported part of the government’s response by chairing the security operation for NHS Nightingale London in 2020 and 2021 working alongside various Police disciplines from the Met and BTP, as well as CPNI, the Military, local authorities and number of security suppliers. He is also currently chair the South Newham Community Security Zone and the Security Working Group for the Association of Event Venues.


Emerging from his personal review of both the Manchester Arena Inquiry and the Dame Louise Casey review into the UEFA cup final in 2021, Nick Aldworth concluded that decision-makers would have benefited from critical friendship.


’ve often wondered what history would look like if each failure we human beings have been responsible for had been approached differently. What if Captain Smith had slowed the Titanic, just a little bit? What if the gates at Parliament had been closed on 22 March 2017? Many of us carry enormous levels of risk in our day-to-day jobs, so how great would it be to have a trusted voice helping you on that journey, a metaphorical sat-nav suggesting alternative, possibly improved, routes. This is the heart of what critical friendship provides. Like sat-navs, critical friends don’t judge you if you don’t listen to them, and they remain independent of your decisionmaking, or the route you take.

A critical friend can be defined as: “a trusted person who asks provocative questions, provides data to be examined through another lens, and offers critiques of a person’s work as a friend. A critical friend takes the time to fully understand the context of the work presented and the outcomes that the person or group is working toward. The friend is an advocate for the success of that work.” DECISION MAKING DILEMMAS Dynamic decision-making can be challenging, often because of multiple, sometimes conflicting, pressures. It’s why thinking about problems before they arise, and developing resilient and stress-tested contingency plans, is so important.

Structure, policies, and procedures, take pressure off dynamic decision making, and sometimes negate the need for it at all. However, the reality that emerges from our thinking, is often very different to what we had intended, or considered to be possible. In his novel about the Vietnam war, Tim O’Brien’s character refers to this by saying ‘everything was such a damned nice idea, when it was an idea.’ Critical friendship works best in this ‘development’ stage of decisionmaking, when we have time to get things right, but it is becoming more widely used in dynamic decisionmaking. It is not uncommon to now have a lawyer present in national security operations, E



PROTECT DUTY  providing a ready view of legality in sometimes ambiguous situations. Critical friendship is a different process to feedback, collaborative thinking, and testing and exercising. Key to this is the fact that a critical friend shouldn’t have any ownership of the decisions being made, nor should they be subject to influence of, or from, the person they are working with. Critical friendship only works when there is complete independence and trust. Most people have a vested interest in the decisions they make, the plans they develop or the practices they maintain. For example, implementing a new practice might mean more work for them or increased reward, either way, there is an inherent risk of both conscious and subconscious bias influencing thinking. We make decisions, often drawing on deep wells of experience and knowledge, and hopefully, they never go wrong. One of the biggest challenges to developing effective thinking is to balance the influence that personal emotions and past experiences have on decisionmaking. The fact that things don’t go wrong, is assumed to mean success, and organisations that ‘always do it this way’ are potentially guilty of not accounting for changing environments or parameters. The gap between success and failure can be very small and sometimes driven by subjectivity that we don’t always see coming. An individual’s review of decisions often only comes from things that haven’t gone well and are then subject to hindsight, either through late reflection by the individuals involved, or the formality of an inquiry or inquest.Those that have been following the Manchester Arena Inquiry will have seen how uncomfortable that learning can be for those involved in it. But with hindsight, we also see genuine, missed opportunities, some of which appear to have been so glaringly obvious that it becomes inexplicable as to why a different course wasn’t chosen. So, why does that happen? In a word, ego. When we make a decision, or write a plan, we are projecting a part of our ego; we are saying, “I’m confident that I’ve got this right, I know what I’m doing’. Reed Hastings, the CEO of Netflix said “In hindsight, I slid into arrogance based upon past success”. What he’s saying is that his ego told him he was a sound decision maker because he’d got it right in the past and, as a result, missed warnings when things weren’t as they should be.

CRITICAL FRIENDSHIP IS SIMPLY AN OPPORTUNITY TO SET YOUR EGO ASIDE AND ASK SOMEONE YOU TRUST, AND WHO HAS ‘NO SKIN IN THE GAME’ HOW CRITICAL FRIENDS HELP There are three main approaches to critical friendship: One: The dynamic conscience This is the person who will sit on your shoulder when you are managing an ongoing challenge.They will probe your conscience on a range of subjects, which could include legal, health and safety, human-rights, staff welfare, resilience and recovery, or any other selection of pre-agreed criteria. They will often be subject matter experts, but don’t ever reject the value of a generalist view from ‘the person on the Clapham bus’. Often, we all have an innate sense of right and wrong, that we sometimes lose when we are in the ‘hot-seat’ and the ‘what would the public think of this’ question is a valuable one to ask. Two – The hydra conscience Greatest value is probably achieved by asking a critical friend to review the development of procedures, plans and policies. A critical friend is the fresh set of eyes, the extra brain, who will confidentially review your pre-decision-making thinking. Like a proof-reader, critical friends will often spot issues that the author has become blind to and will bring perspectives that the decision-maker doesn’t have. In this context, critical friendship is not the same as exercising and testing, but that might be an activity to which a friend contributes. A friend’s contribution can be made throughout the development process not just when a policy, procedure or practice has been drafted. The critical eye at an early stage will prevent extra work later on. Three – The mirror conscience Looking backwards to move forwards is still something we should all practice but ‘honest’ self-reflection is incredibly difficult to do, again because our ego often draws us to our successes and not our failures. Few people are as open to review as Neil Basu, the former head of CT Policing who, when given the Anderson and ISC reports in 2017, said: ‘It’s humbling as the leader of an organisation to be shown how many things you could do better’. However, critical friendship isn’t the same as review, or even debriefing, although they might be component parts of a wider process. Critical

friendship is the section where you sit with the recipient of information and challenge them about what they’re going to do with it. COLLABORATION THE DIFFERENCE Critical friendship is not the same as collaboration, it is not the same as consultation and it is not a substitute for teamwork. Critical friendship is simply an opportunity to set your ego aside and ask someone you trust, and who has ‘no skin in the game’, what other routes are available to me. It is an opportunity to use a moral compass to show you the way and develop a maturity of decision making that will provide confidence to all involved in an activity. L


ABOUT THE AUTHOR Nick Aldworth is the former UK CT National Coordinator and was the CT protective security lead for London during 2017. He has supported several inquiries and inquests, giving evidence as well as drafting supporting material, during which his personal decisionmaking was publicly tested. Nick is the founder and director of Risk to Resolution, which provides a range of risk and resilience services to businesses, including critical friendship, coaching and mentoring. In 2018, Nick joined forces with Figen Murray to campaign for Martyn’s Law, which informed the the Protect Duty legislation.




Delivering the requirements of the Protect Duty legislation will require specialist training. Security expert Lee Doddridge looks at the legal aspects affecting both sides - those responsible for Publicly Accessible Locations and the security consultants involved in the Act’s eventual delivery.

GETTING READY - A QUESTION OF TRAINING I f premises have the capacity for 100 members of the public, or an office building has 250 staff or more, then it will be classed as a Publicly Accessible Location (PAL) under the new Protect Duty legislation and as such, responsible persons will be required to take action. The Protect Duty will place all the liability and burden of security on the venue and senior board members, seating security at the organisational ‘top table’ along with sales, HR and diversity. The Home Office estimates the new act will affect over 650,000 locations in the UK. Most pubs, churches, restaurants, conference centres, schools, even beaches, could be categorised as a PAL. Each PAL will be required to undertake a terrorism risk assessment, write, implement and test terrorism response plans, undertake staff training and conduct regular security reviews. At present, it is unclear if the business owner or someone within the business can complete these requirements or whether a qualified security consultant will have to undertake these, or at least audit what has been done. QUALIFICATIONS The Home Office, Centre for Protection of National Infrastructure (CPNI) and



the National Counter Terrorism Security Office (NaCTSO) have yet to publish what qualifications will be required in order to be designated as a security consultant, but those who are qualified are likely to be issued with a licence to work under the new Protect Duty in the same way that gas engineer has to be registered as a ‘Gas Safe Engineer’. This would completely change the position of security consultants working within the sphere of the Protect Duty. In a way, there are similarities to when the SIA Act reformed man guarding and professionalised the industry. Until now, anyone could (and many do) call themselves a ‘Security Consultant’ based upon previous experience, which is predominantly former military or policing backgrounds. However, a former Captain or Brigadier, or Chief Superintendent or Chief Constable, is not a qualification that will allow a person to be a licensed security consultant under the Duty. The Protect Duty will change this. The military has no integrated physical security roles that enable counter terrorism protective security to be delivered. Even the SAS and SBS send personnel to NaCTSO and CPNI to attend training courses, but not the full training program and not qualified CT protective security.


If a security consultant has the agreed qualifications, then it is expected that a license will be issued in order for the consultant to legally work under the Duty, making it ‘illegal’ for unlicensed security consultants to do so. Similarly, the police have only one role - the Counter Terrorism Security Adviser (CTSA) who is specifically trained and qualified in counter terrorism protective security management. Roles such as the Security Coordinator is just that - a coordination role. We know that the wider, holistic approach to security should include cyber threats, crime prevention etc, but the ‘Legal Requirements’ of the Protect Duty will be focused on the physical aspects in countering terrorist attacks in our communities. LICENCE If a security consultant has the agreed qualifications, then it is expected that a license will be issued in order for the consultant to legally work under the Duty, making it ‘illegal’ for unlicensed security consultants to do so. Exactly how this will be enforced is not yet known, but the Home Office has suggested that oversight will be similar to the Health and Safety executive. Once the law comes into effect, a 12-month period is being suggested in order for businesses to comply. The question of how qualified this enforcement team will be remains. If they are checking the work of a licensed consultant, then they should be at least equally qualified.

take a long time to get access to such training if indeed it goes ahead. GETTING READY A new Protect Duty website and App have been launched to help businesses prepare, but this has only been made available to a limited number of sites for now. NaCTSO also has free online counter terrorism training courses available such a See, Check and Notify (SCaN) which takes around 30 minutes and Action Counters Terrorism (ACT training) which takes around 16 hours. The local police Counter Terrorism Security Advisers (CTSA) will most likely be engaged with sites that sit at the top of the PAL’s category such as major sporting stadiums, music venues etc. The CTSAs are able to offer advice to PALs, depending on availability. However, based on the current number of CTSAs, the man hours needed to attend each PAL would keep them busy for many years. The security industry within the UK will be instrumental in delivering The Protect Duty - it simply cannot be delivered without its support. Organisations such as the Association of Security Consultants (ASC) hold the only Register of Independent Security Consultants, but other organisations such as ASIS and the Security Institute also have suitable consultant members and can offer qualifications and training programs which can help those responsible to start preparing for the Act now - before it becomes law. L


Independent security consultant Lee Doddridge is a former member of the National Counter Terrorism Security Office (NaCTSO) within the Centre for Protection of the National Infrastructure (CPNI). A recognised subject matter expert, Lee has assisted the UK government and British business interests internationally.

INSURANCE The Protect Duty will also change the way insurance companies provide cover to businesses and security consultants. Potentially, unlicensed security consultants working (illegally) on a PAL will most likely render the insurance invalid and could mean that insurance providers will be asking for proof of qualifications and license. As the Duty will also make the venues liable for security, those responsible will look more stringently at the security consultants they use. Given that experience alone will not be sufficient for security consultants to fulfil the requirements of the Act, they will need to get qualified in time for when it becomes law. The CPNI is considering rolling out a three-week training course to upskill experienced consultants that may have a lesser qualification, but this is not for ‘novices’. However, the CPNI only has a limited training department and it is wise to expect that only one course per month will be available, with attendee numbers limited. It could




Seven in ten respondents to the Protect Duty consultation agreed that those responsible for publicly accessible locations should take appropriate action to protect the public from attacks. How does Hostile Vehicle Mitigation fit into this? CTB talks to Debbie Heald MBE, managing director of Heald, which has high-security products in some of the world’s most high-profile locations


HVM is a critical part of the overall protection of a site or location/venue. It is important to have a full view and take a multipronged approach with HVM being a vital part. Venues are responsible so training of staff and education is critical to ensure lives are protected. It’s also important to consider that HVM extends beyond the threat of terror attacks. They can be a result of a driver under the influence of drink or drugs, being distracted or as a result of a traffic collision which spills into pedestrianised areas. The Protect Duty will see venues needing to consider how HVM can protect the full perimeter of a location while ensuring a controlled entry point for authorised vehicles. Products such as Heald’s Matador can provide a quick easily deployable solution which offers crash protection against unauthorised/rouge vehicles and is tested to stop a HGV truck travelling at 50mph, installing equipment that has been proven is extremely important. Another key factor often forgotten is; will the barrier work again after impact? This is essential to prevent secondary attack situations and also to allow emergency services to gain access in the event of an Incident. “ CTB: AS FIGEN MURRAY NOTES, A LOT OF ORGANISATIONS ARE NOT WAITING FOR THE OUTCOME OF THE PROTECT DUTY - THEY ARE ALREADY IMPLEMENTING MEASURES AS BEST AS THEY CAN TO COMPLY WITH THE LAW WHEN IT COMES IN. WHAT, IN YOUR OPINION, ARE THE FIRST STEPS THAT RESPONSIBLE PERSONS SHOULD TAKE TO GET READY? The first step an organisation or venue should undertake is a full site survey including a vehicle dynamic assessment of the location by an expert in this field. There are many different types of perimeter protection products available


which a qualified professional should be able to advise on. It is however refreshing that people are taking this seriously and beginning this process before the Protect Duty becomes law.

in the news of cars driven by the general population falling foul of such measures ,which demonstrates they really do stand up to the threat of vehicle attacks while protecting pedestrianised areas.



Within HVM there are many types of protection available, however, sometimes access control is overlooked and insecure access methods are chosen that can be easily bypassed. With HVM in particular it is important to consider the security of the product in conjunction with a robust and secure tamper-free access control system. Ensuring the barrier is in its secure position and operated for individual drivers would be my advice. Too many times I have seen barriers open and the operator relying on Emergency fast buttons to raise/ close the barrier when there is a threat detected. These EFO (Emergency Fast Operation) access controls are helpful to secure the barrier, however, they should not be used as a standard method of operation. In reality, human reactions do not happen as quickly as we think - an EFO maybe 1 or 2 seconds. However, it may take the operator much longer to act. It’s quite difficult to pinpoint terrorist attacks that have been thwarted as a result of having HVM measures in place. Ultimately, bollards are generally installed as a visible deterrent that prevents such attacks from happening. What is worth noting is that of all the attacks that have occurred in recent years, they have been in locations where no or poor deterrents are in place. However, you will often see videos doing the rounds on social media and


“Education Education Education” is key to ensuring all within an organisation take security seriously. It should be a part of everyday training and consistency is key. Unfortunately when everyone is safe complacency tends to creep in. It is critical to make this part of regular workplace training. L


Debbie Heald is managing director of Heald UK. She was been awarded an MBE in the 2018 Queen’s New Years Honours list for her services to STEM and Export. Debbie also undertakes a voluntary role as director and treasurer of the Perimeter Security Suppliers Association (PSSA).

DRONE TECHNOLGY Whether the operator is a negligent enthusiast or an individual intent on an act of terrorism, drones can pose a significant security risk. Drone detection systems and other counter-drone technologies now play a major role in national security and the fight against terrorism



here are many examples which demonstrate the capability of drones to save lives, solve problems and boost the economy, but while this industry develops, the use of drones by malicious actors has skyrocketed. With the police responsible for taking enforcement action when it is believed that the requirements of the law have not been met, counter-drone technology, which can detect and - when needed - jam, capture, or disable unauthorized drones, has become an essential weapon in the arsenal to help keep the public safe. Sponsored by ECS & TCI, the latest CTB365 webinar Drones and Counter-Drone Technologies provided food for thought. Hosted by counter terror expert Philip Ingram MBE, the webinar delivered a fascinating insight into how the police force are coping with a wide variety of drone misuse, from simple illegal flying

near airports to smuggling contraband into prison establishements. James Bingham, lead intelligence analyst at the National Police Chief Council’s Counter Drones unit, set the police scene with an examination into the capabilities of the latest counter drone systems it uses. Bingham was joined by TCI application engineer Peter Savage, who presented a session called Manual Drone Detection & Geolocation vs Automatic, while Paul Taylor of ECS, David Beckett of TCI and David Eldridge of Chess Dynamics presented sessions which highlighted counter UAS integration challenges and technology to help overcome them. Following registration, the two hour webinar can be viewed free of charge. L






Outstanding Security Equipment Manufacturer


Heald Ltd

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Renowned for providing the critical link between Government, industry, academia and the entire end-user community, International Security Expo returns to London from 27-28 September to celebrate its 20th anniversary

KEEPING TRACK OF EVER-EVOLVING SECURITY THREATS In the face of ever-changing threats to global security, International Security Expo is returning to London to enable security professionals from around the globe to strengthen their relationships and ensure they are adequately prepared to take on current and future challenges. International security buyers, specifiers and decision-makers from leading organisations such as KPMG, Gatwick Airport, IBM, BAE Systems, Bank of England, British Airways, Ministry of Defence, United States Senate, BMW, AstraZeneca, Microsoft, JPMorgan Chase & Co and Transport for London will join thousands of vetted international visitors looking to source the latest security products and solutions for Government, CNI, major events, law enforcement and more.

More than 350 international companies will demonstrate the latest iteration of products and solutions available on the security market. With product categories ranging from Screening and Scanning; CCTV and Surveillance; Perimeter Protection; Hostile Vehicle Mitigation; Intruder Detection and Monitoring and Access Control and Biometrics, attendees can find solutions to their challenges and be inspired by new technology and product launches unveiled at the show. Specialist Zones will provide a deep dive into sector challenges. Highlighting its long history of Government support for the event, the specialist Government Zone will return to host the likes of Joint Security and Resilience Centre (JSaRC), Counter Terror Policing, British Transport Police, E








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 National Counter Terrorism Security Office, UK Defence & Security Exports (UKDSE), Border Force and Defence and Security Accelerator (DASA). BORDER FORCE LIVE DEMOS Carrying out immigration and customs controls for people and goods entering the UK, one of Border Force’s main areas of expertise is vehicle examination, where its expert staff use a range of methods including hi-tech search equipment and visual checks to detect people and illegal and restricted goods that criminals attempt to bring into the country. Border Force’s search of vehicle courses are considered world class. Dedicated teams train and develop officers, both nationally and internationally, in techniques to find a variety of items in spaces and adaptions that can surprise even the most experienced officers. Border Force will be putting on practical demonstrations throughout both days in the Government Zone, where visitors will be able to see its ‘classic camper’ - an example of how space can be utilised within a vehicle. Also on display will be one of Border Force’s tactical boats and an underwater drone, along with the National Deep Rummage Team, known worldwide for their expertise in teaching and searching commercial vessels and confined space search and rescue. PERIMETER PROTECTION ZONE In association with the Loss Prevention Certification Board (LPCB) and supported by the Perimeter Security Suppliers Association (PSSA), the Perimeter Protection Zone will feature the latest physical perimeter protection products and solutions,

BORDER FORCE WILL BE PUTTING ON PRACTICAL DEMONSTRATIONS THROUGHOUT BOTH DAYS IN THE GOVERNMENT ZONE, WHERE VISITORS WILL BE ABLE TO SEE ITS ‘CLASSIC CAMPER’ from video surveillance, access control, intruder detection, fencing, barriers, bollards and more. The zone features a Live Testing Lab, in partnership with LPCB, which will provide visitors with an opportunity to witness a team of professional forced entry specialists pitted against a wide range of physical security products including security fencing, windows and doorsets. Taking part in the testing lab is hostile vehicle mitigation specialist Frontier Pitts, which produces a wide range of perimeter security products including bollards, gates and fences. The testing timetable will be published soon. INTERNATIONAL RISK & RESILIENCE ZONE This zone unites specialist manufacturers and service providers of products needed to

remain resilient during a crisis, highlighting the fundamental aspects of Resilience, Recovery, Prevent, Response, and Recover. The International Risk and Resilience Conference will look at how Government resilience planning is performed, whilst considering how that planning should not just translate to enterprise, but SMEs as well. It will look at the National Risk Register and how that is best utilised, alongside where the sources of advice and training are and what is the art of the possible when budgets are tight. The concept of resilience as a shared responsibility will be introduced, as we take lessons from the number of crises that have hit and look at it from a policy perspective, alongside practical implementation of resilience solutions. A special theme will be continuity and re-starting post crisis. E




 Day one of the conference, themed ‘COVID, Refugees & implications from Ukraine’ will look at at preparation, planning and ensuring resilient capabilities, through to reacting when the situation develops and changes, to identifying lessons and turning them into better planning. Day two, themed ‘Environmental Resilience Media/Comms & Convergence’ examines how environmental impacts are affecting businesses and organisations in more ways every day, and how building environmental considerations into resilience planning is essential to meet increasing ESG (Environmental, Social and Governance) requirements, a critical part of all risk registers. Also covered, communications will either make or break a resilience plan should elements of it ever have to be executed, yet many organisations have a reluctance to be proactive. Delegates will discover how to use comms and media to underpin resilience plans proactively. As security systems become more vulnerable to a greater attack surface, the conference will examine how to build security resilience into a greater interconnected network. DRONES & COUNTER UAV ZONE The technology behind drones and counter UAV systems will be on display in this popular zone hosting worldleading suppliers which can provide solutions to tackle the security threat posed by the rapid increase in drone use. Click here for the latest details. INTERNATIONAL SECURITY CONFERENCE The International Security Conference delivers CPD-certified content that will help delegates understand security best practice as applied to a range of different scenarios, and provides an ideal opportunity to get practical advice from some of the most qualified names in the security industry. Day one, entitled ‘Protect Duty/

ENSURING SOLUTIONS MATCH THE IMAGE OF THE AREAS THEY ARE DESIGNED TO PROTECT IS SET TO BECOME AN IMPORTANT PART OF IMPLEMENTING THE PROTECT DUTY LEGISLATION. THIS WILL BE ADDRESSED ON DAY ONE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SECURITY CONFERENCE PALs, Night-Time Economy, Leisure & Events’ will consider Publicly Accessible Locations (PALs) - a major focus for the industry throughout 2022/23, with the Protect Duty being debated in Parliament and bringing in the first primary legislation mandating levels of security for those responsible for PALs. Day one examines many of the practical issues surrounding its implementation, covering the proposed legislation itself and will include case studies of how public and privately controlled PALs, such as iconic buildings and concert areas, can prepare. Ensuring solutions match the image of the areas they are designed to protect is set to become an important part of implementing the Protect Duty, and linking the legislation and design issues to practicalities is a fundamental element. Case studies and panel discussions will explore this in detail across the Night-Time Economy, Leisure and Events. Day two of the International Security Conference, entitled ‘CNI, Aviation & Transport’, focuses on the changes in volume of traffic through airports and along rail networks and the difficulties in securing fuel supplies, water and power. The challenges of continuing to deliver output in an ever-shifting security landscape have changed – what is the reality and how is it impacting these industries? This conference will look at the priorities facing security decision-makers across the CNI, Aviation and Transport arena. COVID and its impact on transport

sees the conference explore a new subject – biosecurity – and ask what more should we be doing? Click here for the latest conference programme. SPECIALIST PAVLIONS The Counter Threat Pavilion, in partnership with CBRN-UK and Counter-EO UK, will feature members from both specialist groups, showcasing the latest capabilities to reduce the likelihood of a CBRN attack and the integrated solutions based on British excellence to counter the IED threat. There will be two demonstrations daily from both CBRN-UK and Counter-EO UK, along with two joint demonstrations a day. The SCEG Pavilion will highlight a number of companies that deliver security in challenging and complex environments on land and at sea. SCEG companies are well regulated and compliant: embracing international security standards and protecting human rights is at the core of their business. PRODUCT INNOVATION THEATRE Providing a platform for leading suppliers to launch products, services and game-changing solutions fundamental to the development of the security industry, the Product Innovation Theatre will showcase reallife applications, case studies and the latest product updates essential to mitigating security threats and provide visitors with an unmatched opportunity to understand the capabilities and core purpose of the technologies that are shaping the future. E



Whatever the threat, we help you see through it. As a leading distributor of surveillance technology and end-to-end security solutions, we help businesses detect, manage and report on safety threats. • Visible Cameras • Thermal Security Cameras • Portable X Ray Backscatter Imager • Command and Control Software Visit to find out more. Official distributor of: The visual inspection specialists



Tel: +44 (0)1224 789 692



Rt Hon Lord West of Spithead



Satia Rai

Anna-Liisa Tampuu

 ADVISORY COUNCIL Coupled with its long history of Government support, a carefully curated Advisory Council made up of the most credible Government, industry and leading academic stakeholders return to ensure this year’s International Security Expo accurately reflects the security industry and covers the full spectrum of security trends. An impressive 65 industry experts sit on this panel, including new members Anna-Liisa Tampuu, co-chair of the Inclusive Security Special Interest Group, The Security Institute; Satia Rai, director of equality, diversity and inclusion, IPSA; Letitia Emeana, head of security at Unilever and chairwoman of the UK ASIS Chapter; and Beena Chester, director of Business Engagement, Resilience First. The panel is chaired once again by former UK Security Minister Admiral the Rt Hon Lord West of Spithead, who produced the UK’s first ever National Security and Cyber Security strategies, as well as formulating the counter-terrorist policy (Contest 2). Lord West put in place the basic construct for Olympic security for 2012 Olympics, and was chairman of The National Security Forum. He said: “The UK is ideally suited to being the global centre of excellence for security given our long history in counter terrorism, joint approach

between government and the private sector and the reputation our intelligence and security agencies have worldwide. International Security Expo is the high-end security event that showcases that centre of excellence and I am delighted that so many major brand names exhibit.” GLOBAL ESTABLISHMENT Rachael Shattock, event director, International Security Expo, said: “2022 is shaping up to be one of our biggest and best years yet. With a packed show floor and an unmissable thought leadership programme coming together, we’re excited to welcome the security industry back to mark our 20th anniversary. “Since 2002, we have provided a platform to showcase the latest product innovations, and, with over 350 exhibiting companies, we’re now firmly established as the global event for the international security community. We’re looking forward to getting back to Olympia, London and welcoming back our international visitors who will also benefit from the show’s co-location with the industry’s newest cybersecurity expo: International Cyber Expo.” L




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Security. Style. Seamless Integrations Turnstiles that have it all

We know how important the look of a finished project is to architects and specifiers, so we don’t compromise that with poorly considered bolt-ons. Our technical and design teams incorporate third-party integrations seamlessly into the pedestal of the turnstile itself, treating them like an integral part of a complete system. It’s why Fastlane turnstiles secure some of the world’s most iconic buildings. Visit us at International Security Expo stand B32

For more information, visit:


Global Counter Terror & Serious and Organised Crime Summit

DAY ONE - 27TH SEPTEMBER The Global Counter Terror & Serious and Organised Crime Summit will look at the changing nature of serious and organised crime, alongside terrorism and the terror trends currently affecting UK Counter Terror capability, in a global context. There will also be a strong focus on the upcoming Protect Duty legislation and a return of the popular ‘Realities of Terror’ thread.

Both days will be moderated by Roy McComb, former deputy director of the National Crime Agency. A highly experienced former officer, Roy was the UK law enforcement lead for modern slavery/human trafficking, as well as child sexual abuse. Prior to that, he was the head of organised crime in Northern Ireland. He now provides strategic advice on organised crime for a number of international projects.

Shaun Hipgrave is director of Protect and Prepare, two parts of the UK Counter Terrorism strategy CONTEST, at the Homeland Security Group, part of the Home Office. A former head of the Joint Security and Resilience Centre (JSARC), Shaun has been working in the security sector for over 25 years, including 13 years at Northumbria Police in investigation and intelligence roles.


Homeland Security Group (HSG): An Overview Shaun Hipgrave, director of Protect and Prepare - Homeland Security Group (HSG) will discuss HSG’s priorities, particularly the development of the new Protect Duty legislation.


The State of Counter Terror in the UK Today The Counter Terrorism Policing Headquarters looks at recent successes in countering terror attacks through lockdown, emerging threats and trends and what initiatives are being asked of the public and wider security sector to assist in countering threats.


Protecting Publicly Accessible Locations Through Legislation Nick Aldworth, director of Risk to Resolution, presents the progress that has been made on Protect Duty | Martyn’s Law and will discuss how to understand the likely breadth and impact of the legislation and the scale of the challenge facing those responsible for implementation.


Escaping Afghanistan Afghan and Regional Security issues and the potential impact these could have on other countries including the UK will be presented from the perspective of Basheer Ahmad Omarzai, a former senior interpreter and refugee from Kabul, who escaped the Taliban with his family.


Protecting Publicly Accessible Locations, the Heart of Protect Protecting Publicly Accessible Locations is at the heart of the new Protect Duty and associated legislation. As such, a new part of the Homeland Security Group (HSG) is dedicated to ensuring the link between legislation and implementation is coordinated. This will be the first time this new element - the Publicly Accessible Locations (PALs) Team - has briefed publicly


Disrupting Serious and Organised Crime on Digital Marketplaces A range of hidden criminality that exists within digital marketplaces will be described by Steve Adams, product marketing manager at Skopenow Inc, who will demonstrate how to increase time savings and investigator efficiency during digital marketplace investigation


The Impact of Terror – a Personal Journey for the Protect Duty Figen Murray OBE, Private Individual/Campaigner/Activist and Mother of Manchester bomb victim Martyn Hett and Protect Duty Campaigner will discuss her personal journey.


JSaRc – the Government’s Security Bridge to the Private Sector Insights into how the Joint Security and Resilience Centre (JSaRC) acts as the bridge between Government agencies and industry, what JSaRC does and how best to work with it and some insights into current projects all aimed at improving our national security, presented by Angela Essel, head of JSaRC.


Terror Attacks in the EU: Key Trends and Developments Recent terrorist attacks in EU (France, Germany, Austria); threats and trends will be highlighted by Lina Kolesnikova, security expert - Institute of Civil Protection and Emergency Management (ICPEM)


NaCTSO – Growing and Protecting, the Latest Developments NaCTSO delivers the Government CONTEST strategy and is growing in size and role. Superintendant Adam Thomson will give insights to how NaCTSO is developing and how it interacts with the private sector, looking at the delivery of the new Protect Duty as part of his talk.

Seminar sessions correct at time of publication but may be subject to change. For the latest programme, visit E



Find us at ISE Stand B102

Inspirational landscape solutions with inner strength and outer beauty At Marshalls Landscape Protection, we believe in the importance of creating attractive and inviting environments that people can enjoy using, while feeling safe. We specialise in creating design-led, protective street furniture, including bollards, planters, seating and much more. Our range offers proven assurance and peace of mind for effective protection of both people and property.

Visit for more information




Global Counter Terror & Serious and Organised Crime Summit


Figen Murray OBE is the mother of Martyn Hett, who at 29 years of age was tragically killed in the terrorist attack at the Manchester Arena in May 2017. Figen is now committed to working towards tangible changes that can help ensure no other family has to go through what hers did. She is the force behind Martyn’s Law, the basis of the Protect Duty legislation which will require entertainment venues to improve security against the threat of terrorism. She was awarded an OBE in June this year for her services in the realm of counter-terrorism.

Following a 36-year career in policing and the military, Nick Aldworth finished his career as a detective chief superintendent in Counter Terrorism Policing where he held the role of National Coordinator (Protect and Prepare). He led the operational protective security responses to the London 2017 terrorist attacks and prior to that was the chief inspector of policing and security operations at the UK Parliament. Most of his career was spent in uniformed operations and included EOD search and VIP protection as well as leading armed response teams in London. His knowledge of protective security needs helped create a compelling case for change that the government listened to. L



Serious and Organised Crime, the NCA View Matt Horne, deputy director at the National Crime Agency (NCA), will give an understanding of the extent of serious and organised crime in the UK, developments in the National Crime Agency to combat Serious and Organised crime, including international cooperation and give insights to operations such as Operation Venetec


The US Overseas – Current FBI Priorities An understanding of the FBI’s priorities and working practices in dealing with the terror and serious and organised crime threat and importance of working with international partners.


Panel – International Cooperation in Policing is Key. How Does it Work in Reality? What are the priorities facing the International Police Community in their own countries and in the UK? How do they help the UK and the UK help policing in their countries? Many countries have senior Police Liaison Officers working closely with CTP UK, MET Police and other forces, and the NCA facilitating international investigations, cooperation and training. We are pleased to have representatives from 3 countries on our panel. Current operations preclude their details being published publicly.


DIT DSE, Here to Help Maximise Your Export Opportunities The UK is a leading global exporter of security capability and products. DIT DSE helps businesses achieve greater overseas opportunities and Mark Goldsack, who heads DSE, explains how to get best use of the capability.


Living with the Impact of Terrorism Ann Travers, advocacy officer at the South East Fermanagh Foundation (SEFF) will discuss the following topics: Life before the incident; Immediate aftermath and consequences; Raising your head above the parapet and cyber “terrorism” and; Living with long term trauma.


Government Assured – Contractor Delivered solutions for Countering Terrorism Bert Appleton, Head of the Counter-Explosive Ordnance Defence Engagement Office at the UK MOD, explains the benefits of the CEDE model to government and industry stakeholders; the adaptation of the model into other CT sectors (C-sUAS, C-CBRN +); key considerations for government colleagues to qualify, and; key considerations for industry colleagues to qualify Seminar sessions correct at time of publication but may be subject to change. For the latest programme, visit

E Damian Hinds MP former Security Minister








Accreditations: +44 (0) 20 3059 4560




Counter Terror Business lists a smattering of the organisations displaying new productions, solutions and technolgies for the security sector at Olympia on September 27th & 28th


Heald (Stand B111) designs and manufactures innovative hostile vehicle mitigation products and traffic control solutions. With a global footprint, Heald secures some of the world’s most highprofile locations against hostile vehicle attacks. CEIA (Stand E10) provides a range of technologies for the detection of threats including explosives, IEDs, weapons and radioactive materials. Its metal detectors are developed with superior detection, low nuisance alarm rate and unparalleled throughput. Vaylia’s (Stand C60) expertise lies in high security projects. Its employees have worked on the most sensitive and highprofile sites solving complex security problems using their product knowledge and innovative approach to design. The company offers a full package of services including advice, specification, installation, testing and sign-off. F24 (Stand F139) is a leading Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) provider for incident and crisis management, emergency notification, and business messaging. The eCall platform for high-volume confidential communications within the corporate environments. Marshalls Landscape Protection (Stand B102) adheres to a design led approach of Secured by Design Hostile Vehicle Mitigation products which allow architects, planners and designers to install security measures that suit the environment. Frontier Pitts (Stand B10) manufactures security gates, automatic barriers, roadblockers, rising & static bollards, pedestrian control gates & turnstiles. Its Anti Terra Hostile Vehicle Mitigation (HVM) range has been successfully IWA14 & PAS68 impact tested. Fastlane (Stand B32) manufactures high-quality, userfriendly entrance control systems, with a range that includes optical turnstiles, tripods, entrance gates, speedgates, passgates and high security tailgate detection systems.

Inspectahire (Stand F82) is an established distributor of surveillance technology and end-to-end security solutions for the defence, government, travel, oil and gas, energy, manufacturing, shipping and engineering industries. Its solutions help manage and report on safety threats and assets across multiple environments. Its offering includes thermal security cameras, X-ray backscatter imagers and Raman spectrometers for forensic surveys. ATG Access’s (Stand D50) vehicle barrier systems provide certified protection of people and assets from vehicle borne threats. This is achieved whilst maintaining functionality, aesthetic appeal, and life-time support for customers. Gallagher Security (Stand D70) will demonstrate its CAPSS-certified and CPNI-approved access control, perimeter, and intruder detection solutions listed across all three sections of the Catalogue for Security Equipment (CSE). This includes Command Centre, its award-winning site management software.

Gallagher Security

Audax Global Solutions (Stand C2) returns for its 13th year at International Security Expo. The company has supplied its world-leading Body Worn Video (BWV) technology cameras to UK and International police forces, NHS hospitals and civil environment organisations.

Wagtail (Stand F63) specialises in detection dogs for explosives, drugs, tobacco, cash, ‘live’ body detection, cadaver, disaster search/rescue, conservation and products of animal origin. Its handlers have extensive experience of working in international military and civil operations, in accordance with guidelines stipulated by the British Armed Forces and Home Office. Apstec Systems (Stand C40) supplies low contact, highthroughput security screening that improves security and the overall visitor experience through a network of experienced distribution partners in over 30 countries, helping to protect public spaces from terrorism. E






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Security issues and terrorist threats are the most pressing issue that the city of the future needs to solve, with 40% of architects and urban planners in agreement. Sustainability is also high on the agenda, with 23% citing this as the biggest challenge. Nearly half (47%) of planners and architects feel that the city they live in isn’t safe. 60% think that not enough money is invested in security on their projects. Lack of funding is the biggest barrier to the implementation of security measures, according to 67% of those surveyed. 49% of architects and planners believe the rise of pedestrianisation is making public spaces more vulnerable to attack. 40% of architects worry about the aesthetic impact of physical security solutions on their projects. 34% of architects struggle to retrofit security solutions into existing developments.

Future-proofing our cities: how to overcome the challenges - awareness, collaboration & adaptability. With so many architects and urban planners in agreement that security is going to be one of the most pressing issues that the city of the future needs to solve, the crucial question is: how can we overcome the challenges that are currently in the way, and ensure that our cities are protected against potential threats? Working in Collaboration; when asked opinions on possible solutions, more than half (53%) of those surveyed said that they believed that working in partnership with local authorities, police services and suppliers from the very beginning of a project would be the most effective way for them to ensure that the most appropriate measures were put in place. Another 26% said that they believe it is vital for security solutions to be considered at the start of a project. With a lack of funding such a big problem at the moment, it’s essential that stakeholders are as clear as possible from the very outset on the importance of incorporating practical, aesthetically pleasing security solutions into all projects. By making expectations and requirements apparent to stakeholders at the planning stage, the costs of security products can be factored into all budgets, helping to avoid issues later on.

Our findings show that there are a number of significant design challenges that the city of the future must overcome as the world around us changes, with security and terror threats one of the most pressing. It is clear that those responsible for the design and maintenance of our cities and towns are conscious of the need for our urban areas to evolve to protect themselves from these emerging threats. However, with nearly half of those surveyed concerned that the city they live in is not safe, it’s apparent that not enough is currently being done. From the research, we can see that there are a number of reasons for this, with issues around funding and aesthetics being the most prevalent. These challenges are certainly not insurmountable. By working together, security suppliers, architects, planners, local authorities and the emergency services can ensure the right products are available at the right time for every project, futureproofing our cities.

Working in collaboration with stakeholders, plus the design and The early involvement of security experts and creation of adaptable spaces suppliers will mean that architects, planners and coupled with the proposed Protect local authorities can take on board expert advice Duty legislation expected to come and be sure that they are incorporating the into force over the coming months safest, most cost-effective and most aesthetically really places security back at the pleasing security measures possible. If funding heart of the public spaces agenda allows, suppliers can also work with architects to develop entirely bespoke products tailored to a and at the heart of keeping the general public safe. particular project.

Adaptable Spaces; another popular solution is to build adaptable spaces with security measures that can easily be replaced or upgraded as needed and in response to emerging threats, with 43% of architects and planners believing this is key to future-proofing our cities. Not only this but, security measures can also be utilised to zone areas of a city according to usage and the localised security threat. This can ensure schemes are both cost effective and enhance city operations rather than hindering the day-to-day. Redeveloping existing sites can present its own unique difficulties as far as security is concerned; thankfully developments in security technology have made this easier. Solutions demand less depth to install and the implementation of measures can be staggered and tackled in multiple phases, minimising disruption to a site or area. Solutions have come a long way in the last 10-15 years.

Written by Lucy Ketley; Marketing & Sales Director - ATG Access



Fastlane, a brand of Integrated Design Limited, are world leaders in the design and build of high quality, user friendly entrance control systems. We are continually setting new standards in security, incorporating cutting edge design and technological innovation. Having been innovators in the entrance control market for over 35 years, Fastlane has established an enviable portfolio of satisfied customers. This is founded on extensive technical expertise and superior British built quality products. Our entrance control range is designed to balance the aesthetic, security, ease of use, flow rates and accessibility requirements demanded across a range of different


installation environments. Our range includes optical turnstiles, tripods, entrance gates, barrier arm optical turnstiles, speedgates, passgates and high security tailgate detection systems and can seamlessly integrate with all known security and building management systems. Designed and built to order, utilising the state-of-the-art technology, we are able to customise products to suit the specific needs of our customers, delivering projects on time and to budget. The key purpose of our products is to keep buildings and your staff safe and secure and that is always our priority. This is why we are honoured to have been chosen to protect some of the world’s most notable buildings. L


MARSHALLS LANDSCAPE PROTECTION Marshalls Landscape Protection offers a designled approach of Secured by Design Hostile Vehicle Mitigation products enabling highly effective protection to blend seamlessly into urban landscape design. This allows architects, planners and designers to install security measures without instilling fear, keeping people safe, not scared®. Legislation surrounding Protect Duty which seeks to improve safety in public places is expected in 2023, following the Government’s response to a consultation prompted by victims’ groups such as the Martyn’s Law Campaign. Named after Martyn Hett, who was tragically killed in the Manchester Arena terrorist attack in 2017, the group has tirelessly campaigned for legislation that protects the public. Marshalls welcomed this response and the impending legislation

vehemently, which is why their exhibit at this year’s ISE is focused on Protect Duty. Marshalls Landscape Protection specialise in creating design-led, protective street furniture to create attractive and inviting environments that people can enjoy using, while feeling safe. Our protective range of products includes bollards, post & rail, planters, seating and litter bins. For more information about our offering please visit: landscape-protection. L

FURTHER INFORMATION landscape-protection



Inspectahire is a leading distributor of surveillance technology and end-toend security solutions. We help defence, government, travel, oil and gas, energy, manufacturing, shipping and engineering industries manage and report on safety threats and assets across multiple environments quickly, safely, and cost effectively. To deliver this, our highly skilled team of technology experts and problem solvers, partner with the leading visual technology companies, to ensure our solutions are comprehensive, futureproofed, and that they preserve

CEIA (Company for Electronic Industrial Automation) was founded in 1962 in Italy when it began production of Metal Detectors for the textile industry, since then, our product line has grown covering many sectors from military and security to pharmaceutical and food. Within the security industry, CEIA provide a range of sophisticated technologies designed for the detection of threats including explosives, IEDs, weapons and radioactive materials. CEIA holds more than fifty national and international patents. The manufacturing site is in Italy with offices in the UK, Europe and the US. CEIA systems are installed in more than 80% of airports worldwide and in the UK over 95% including Heathrow and Gatwick. Currently around 20% of CEIA S.p.A staff are engaged in research and development, and in activities to meet new legislative changes and changing

and protect our customers most valuable assets. Our technology solutions include optical and thermal security cameras which can be complimented by radar systems linked by command and control software. We also provide the latest portable X-ray backscatter imagers and Raman spectrometers for forensic surveys. We are proud to be official distributors for Videray & Teledyne FLIR. L


+44 (0)1224 789 692


threats. Sectors we cover include: Aviation Transportation; Cargo Screening; Law Enforcement; Court and Prisons; Event Security; Loss Prevention. Some of our latest technologies available to see on our stand are: SAMDEX Shoe Scanner, for the screening of passenger’s shoes. OPENGATE for the Automatic screening of individuals including their backpacks and bags. EMA-4 LEDS System, designed to check sealed and unsealed liquid containers carried by passengers. L


 Astrophysics (Stand D40) provides highperformance x-ray scanners for stadiums and special events that enable fast and accurate checkpoint inspections of bags and purses, ensuring safety without disrupting traffic flow. Its cargo security scanners are designed to meet the strict regulatory standards of the world’s leading aviation authorities. Leidos (Stand D10) offers a comprehensive suite of fully integrated security solutions for aviation, ports, borders and critical infrastructure. Its security detection portfolio has more than 24,000 products deployed across 120 countries. Gotcha (Stand G95) will showcase its computervision based technology that detects hidden emotions and can unmask possible deception cases through the analysis of facial muscular actions, based on the Facial Action Coding System (FACS). T3K-Forensics (Stand E20) will demonstrate its Law Enforcement Analysis Platform (LEAP) which supports investigators and forensic analysts by quickly analysing data from smartphones and other sources. Potentially, it can provide an easy-to-understand overview of risk potentials, helping to prioritise cases. Mitie Security’s (Stand C30) intelligenceled solutions are at work with public sector organisations including HMRC, DHSE and the NHS. It offers lone worker protection, guarding, fire and security systems, mobile security and more. Verkada (Stand B30) will be presenting its range of cloud-managed enterprise building security. The solution uses easy-to-install cameras, sensors and access control in a scalable, user-friendly system. Eagle Eye Networks (Stand E42) is a provider of cloud video surveillance which delivers cyber-secure, cloudbased video with AI and analytics aimed at making businesses more efficient and the world safer. Black Rainbow (Stand A4) works in complex case investigation and evidence managementto solve inefficiencies and manage risks faced in the Law Enforcement, Government and Intelligence Sectors. Halo Technologies (Stand C21) is a BodyCam leasing specialist, with an innovative approach to the procurement process. D-Fend Solutions (Stand G31) is a counter-drone takeover technology provider, which helps organisations take control of drone incidents in complex environments. HGH Infrared (Stand G73) will be displaying 360° thermal imaging solutions with applications including 24/7 perimeter security and critical infrastructure protection. Todd Research (Stand B20) will be showcasing its X-ray scanning, metal detector and blast suppression equipment used in a range of public and private market channels. Aerosino Corporation (Stand E52) is a manufacturer of X-ray tubes and generators, providing bespoke product design and custom engineering solutions. ISSEE (Stand F80) provides consultancy and advisory services on explosives and security to national and international Defence, Police and Commercial organisations.

Heald (Stand B111)

INTERNATIONAL SECURITY EXPO Winsted (Stand D95) supplies a range of ergonomic consoles and workstations for control room operations. The company offers the possibility to remodel control rooms or consolidate operations Lochrin Bain (Stand C123) is a manufacturer of high-security fencing systems. University of Wolverhampton (Stand E110) will be highlighting its Emergency Management & Resilience Centre, which brings together practitioners and academics to highlight and develop excellence in the field of emergency, incident and disaster preparedness, response and recovery. MOBOTIX AG (Stand C61) manufactures intelligent IP video systems, including camera technologies and decentralised security solutions. Ogier Electronics (Stand C110) is a provider of professional microwave solutions across radar, video and data communications applications. Polimaster (Stand F72) designs and manufactures professional equipment for radiation detection, monitoring and control. York Test Pieces (Stand G93) provides anthropomorphic test pieces and radiation measurement instruments. It manufactures security imaging test pieces to ensure the image quality of x-ray imaging systems in places including airports, prisons, museums and stadia. Garrett Metal Detectors (Stand C53) is a developer and manufacturer of metal detectors for security application. Its products are used in airports, prisons, logistics centres and public events worldwide. JLC Group Ltd (Stand F73) designs, installs and maintains specialist systems including bomb blast doors, intelligent access control systems and Fixed Electrical Ground Power. QAB Systems (Stand C120) will showcase its lifting brackets for safe lifting, fall prevention and access. Redteq Analytical (Stand A55) is a supplier of checkpoint security equipment to safeguard operations and maintenance support to ensure reliability and compliance. wSafeguard Medical (Stand G11) is a global alliance of medical specialists with the aim of improving emergency care and reducing preventable deaths. They support and empower medics in military and civilian settings around the world with equipment and training and planning and risk management. Cobwebs Technologies (Stand F10) provides AIPowered Open-Source Intelligence (OSINT), by providing access to publicly available data, with the aim of protecting global communities and organisations from crime, threats, and cyber-attacks. E




Gallagher Security is a global technology leader in integrated access control, intruder alarms management, and perimeter protection, meeting some of the world’s most stringent physical and cyber security government standards. Our security solutions are in use within the highest levels of national and local government, military, commercial, industrial, healthcare, transportation, and academic organisations in more than 130 countries and we are widely recognised as one of the most trusted providers for high security solutions, protecting some of the world’s most significant assets and locations. In the UK, we were the first manufacturer to achieve the latest Cyber Assurance for

Physical Security Systems (CAPSS) 2021 standard with our Command Centre software and High Security Controller 6000. We are listed in the CSE across all three categories - Access Control Equipment, CAPSS Approved, and Detection and Tracking Systems demonstrating that Gallagher is leading the way in delivering high security solutions for governments in the Five Eyes alliance, along with providing critical national infrastructure sites confidence that Gallagher’s software and hardware meets the toughest cyber security requirements. L



F24 is Europe’s leading Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) provider for incident and crisis management, emergency notification, as well as for business messaging. With FACT24 we offer a highly innovative solution that supports clients worldwide in the efficient and successful management of incidents, emergencies and crises. In addition, the eCall platform offers solutions for high-volume confidential communications within the corporate environment. Since its foundation in 2000, our roots have been in Munich, where the current headquarters of F24 is located. Today, with


our international subsidiaries in Brussels, Zurich, London, Trondheim, Paris, Luxembourg City, Madrid and Munich, as well as representative offices in Mexico City, Santiago de Chile, Vienna, Dubai and Auckland, we support companies and organisations in over 100 countries. More than 3,000 clients rely on our SaaS solutions to meet their needs for crisis management or the daily communication of confidential information. Our clients operate in virtually every sector ranging from energy, healthcare, industry, finance, IT, tourism and aviation through to a wide variety of public organisations. Our many years of experience have made us international experts on incident and crisis management, as well as confidential communications. L




Vaylia Integrated Security are experts in high security projects with a wealth of experience. Its employees having worked on the most sensitive and highprofile sites such as UK Utility sites, cash handling centres, transport infrastructure, gas installations, data centres, prisons, space rocket launch sites, pharmaceutical, petrochemical, Stadia, and other critical national infrastructure. What differentiates us is the real quality of our people apart from having worked on the most prestigious of projects and the genuine care for our clients, they can solve complex security problems using their knowledge bank

of products, their innovative approach, design capability and creative dynamism. Our solutions can include design, project management and installation up to a complete turnkey package. This means in effect we can design and build your security project and hand it over completed ready for operation. Vaylia are also a consolidator of security product and service manufacturers meaning we can offer the best, most effective solution for most project requirements. For added piece of mind on infrastructure project we can provide Security Engineering, Risk and Vulnerability Assessments, and vehicle dynamic assessments for Hostile Vehicle Mitigation deployments. L



Polimaster’s main line of business is designing and manufacturing professional equipment for radiation detection, monitoring and control. The strong technical basis combined with cutting-edge technologies turn into unique technical solutions and world-class products. Everyday thousands of industry professionals use our instruments to protect the environment, individuals and whole nations from the harmful effects of radiation. Today, Polimaster operates five manufacturing, service and marketing companies in Belarus, Lithuania, Austria, Japan and the USA. The organisation has a wide distribution network all over the world, where instruments are sold in more than 90 countries, alongside a network of service centers. The product line includes: Personal Dosimeters, Personal

Radiation Detectors, Hand-Held Radiation Monitors, Radionuclide Identifiers, Radiation Portal Monitors, Mobile Detection Systems, Contraband Detector, Chemical Warfare Agent Detector, Radiation Monitoring System, Calibration Equipment. Everyday thousands of industry professionals use Polimaster instruments to protect the environment, individuals and whole nations from the harmful effects of radiation. Amongst users of Polimaster equipment are Customs and Border control Services, police, security agencies, military, first responders and firefighters, nuclear power plants, transport and logistics companies, health care providers, government agencies involved in nuclear fuel processing, power production, research and waste management throughout the world. L


 Navtech Radar (Stand F50) combines high-definition radar and intelligent rules-based software in wide-area surveillance solutions inside and outside the perimeter. Kibo Cabins (Stand C13) is a manufacturer of prefabricated ballistic-resistant buildings and shields to protect police, soldiers and security personnel. 3M Science (Stand ICE B15). Describes itself as a science-based technology company. 3M uses privacy filter technology to prevent visual hackers from looking at your screen, whilst at the same time, providing a crisp, clear view for intended users. Oddity ai (Stand D130) will be displaying its realtime violence detection and contraband throw-over detection on camera. Their solutions are currently used by law enforcement and closed institutions. Dedrone (Stand F52) will be demonstrating its smart airspace security. Their counter-drone system is used in commercial, government and military fields to protect against unauthorised drones. Abloy UK (Stand F61) is a provider of highsecurity locks offering digital access control, electromechanical and mechanical locking systems. Proelium Law LLP (Stand A60 SCEG) are a company providing legal advice for security-focused companies, governments, development industries, the specialist defence sector and those involved in the cyber, digital and data worlds. They offer legal advice for clients in the UK or in high-risk or complex jurisdictions around the world.

Livelink Aerospace (Stand c100)

INTERNATIONAL SECURITY EXPO Bravo Zulu (Stand G29) provides portable long range anti-drone systems, and will will be showcasing its DroneRanger, which is able to jam ranges over 20km. Everbridge (Stand E100) will be exhibiting its Critical Event Management and Public Warning solutions, which provide enterprise-grade softwareas-a-service applications to automate and accelerate an organisation’s operational response to critical events. LiveLink Aerospace (Stand C100) is the developer of an Airspace Intelligence System which enables a real time, cost-effective method for scrutinising airspace. The solution mitigates the security risks associated with drone activity using hardware and software to identify manned and unmanned air traffic. Labellock (Stand E81) will be displaying its security labels and tape, as well as its range of plastic security tags, metal cable ties and C-TPAT compliant metal ties and bolt seals. ASL (Stand B1) manufacturers bespoke lightweight armour, ballistic and blast protection systems. The armour protection levels range from BR2 to Stanag level 3 and NIJ IV. L


Join us on stand F139 for a chance to win the latest Apple iPad! WWW.F24.COM

01923 437 784

Digitalise Your Crisis Preparedness Prepare your response to an operational threat with Europe‘s leading Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) provider for incident and crisis management, emergency notification and business messaging Scan below to learn more about FACT24 in a short video or to arrange a live demo with F24






CYBER SECURITY For many organisations, an imminent cyber attack is inevitable. Former senior intelligence & security officer Philip Ingram MBE stresses the importance of public and private sector collaboration in order to realise the Government’s recently published Cyber Security Strategy and looks towards opportunities for knowledge sharing at International Cyber Expo, taking place on 27-28 September at Olympia, London


he increased use of smart devices and the pandemic has forced a shift towards remote working, driving many organisations around the world to kick-start digital transformation programmes. This rapid adoption of new technologies has uncovered multiple opportunities and high-end operational capabilities to enable teams to work smarter and more efficiently. However, as organisations rush to keep their workforces online, it seems security is being left behind. In fact, a survey revealed that over half or more CISOs and CIOs said they haven’t fully mitigated the risks associated with remote work (50 per cent), digitisation (53 per cent) or cloud adoption (54 per cent). Complex cyber attacks within government and public sector organisations are among the greatest threats to creating better operational efficiencies and processes through digital transformation. Every year, more and more organisations get caught out by cyber criminals, with damages running into billions worldwide. Indeed, the global cost of cybercrime is said to have exceeded $6 trillion in 2021. The attractiveness of public sector data to cyber criminals means they continue to run campaigns to exploit a wealth of personally identifiable information (PII) for identity theft, financial fraud, account takeovers, or create spear phishing emails and social engineering attacks that lead to ransomware. This is in addition to the challenge that most government and public sector organisations are working with a mix of outdated and legacy systems. According to the UK Cyber Security Strategy 20222030 report, 40 per cent of all cyber attacks in 2020-2021 affected the public sector.

THREAT LANDSCAPE Although digital transformation brings with it many benefits, it also dramatically changes the cybersecurity threat landscape for organisations and the challenges they face. As the use of digital technologies grows so does the threat surface, opening up many more areas for potential cyber attacks and data breaches. For many organisations, an imminent cyber attack is inevitable. In April 2022, research from Trend Micro revealed that more than three-quarters of global organisations expect to be successfully hacked in the next 12 months. Also, the recent revelation that a suspected cyber attack leaked personal information of UK government employees which appeared on Russian websites, makes it even more crucial that organisations focus on securing their developing networks and systems. Taking all of the above into consideration, navigating the complexities of modern day cybersecurity has never been harder. The increasing threat environment, expanding attack surface and continuous demands from various stakeholders for transparency are only adding to the challenges. It seems even the most talented cybersecurity professional can feel overwhelmed, made worse by the ongoing cyber skills gap. RALLYING THE TROOPS The digital and cyber skills gap has long been a concern for the industry, resulting in overworked teams teetering on burnout. More than a human resources issue, this particular challenge also has grievous repercussions for business continuity, if not addressed. Indeed, earlier this year, Fortinet produced a research report which E



CYBER SECURITY  revealed that two-thirds of IT leaders worldwide are concerned about the risks they stand to face as a result of a skills gap within their organisation. The vast majority, or 80 per cent of survey respondents, confirmed that they had experienced one or more breaches during the preceding 12 months due to a lack of cybersecurity awareness skills or awareness. Moreover, (ISC)2’s 2021 Cybersecurity Workforce Study estimates that an additional 2.72 million cyber professionals are required “to adequately defend… critical assets”. As the threat landscape continues to grow, evolve and intensify, we urgently need to step up as a community to tackle this issue. But what can, or should, be done? SELF-INFLICTED SHORTAGE The truth of the matter is the industry’s skills shortage is largely self-inflicted. The first key mistake we make is believing we need to rally troops composed of the ‘cyber elite’, or professionals highly skilled in specific and technical fields of cybersecurity. While such talent is necessary for a country’s military defence and cybersecurity-focused enterprises, they are not essential in other organisations to run securely. Our cybersecurity ecosystem has evolved significantly since the industry originally emerged, and we now have a whole range of services and tools at our disposal to build a strong defence. Today, it is enough to bring onboard decently skilled individuals with the ability to


Last years’ event highliights Day one highlights from the inaugural International Cyber Expo at Olympia London, which brought together high level speakers from across industry and government to network and discuss the latest threats

Steve Barclay speaks at Cyber 2022 event Now secretary of state for health and social care, Steve Barclay talks about the wide range of employment opportunitities available in the cyber security industry at the recent CYBER2022 conference

leverage these resources effectively. This significantly widens the pool of talent we can access as it is no longer confined to a minority of individuals naturally gifted in STEM subjects. Rather, it allows for the possibility of qualification through training. Equally, we need to remember that cybersecurity is a relatively new industry and it is constantly and quickly evolving. Though someone might be an expert in cyber threats today, they are unlikely to be equipped to tackle the threats of tomorrow without committing to continuous re-education. Yet, we generally place numerous barriers to entry, requiring individuals to have X




years of experience, X qualifications etc. What organisations really need are individuals who are enthusiastic to learn and a system in place to train people from the ground up; for entry-level or even current employees who are interested in making the lateral move. Last but certainly not least, is the importance of making room for greater diversity and inclusivity. Fortunately, we have witnessed an improvement on this front over the years. A 2021 joint study by the NCSC and KPMG shows that over a third (36 per cent) of respondents are female, roughly 10 per cent are from the LGB community higher than the estimated 2.2 per cent

CYBER SECURITY of the UK population that is LGB, 25 per cent identify as having a disability and other characteristics, such as ethnic minorities, are largely in line with national population proportions. Nevertheless, this is not the time to fall complacent and we do need to continue making an effort to drive the inclusion of an otherwise untapped candidate pool. Of course, the best way of ensuring we continue to nurture diversity within the industry and indeed to tackle any issue we face, is through collaboration. COLLABORATION Cyber resilience is critical for all governments, businesses and public entities today. The threat of attacks is not going away, so the focus must be on hardening the security of critical assets so that when criminals do target them, they are met with a robust and defensive force that prohibits them from reaching their goals. However, given government and public sector organisations are often underfunded when it comes to cybersecurity, and the current lack of resources and skills to comprehensively defend networks makes true cyber resilience difficult to achieve. Instead, most businesses will carry out some form of detection and response, but security gaps always exist which are easy to exploit and leave them vulnerable. Instead, one of the best ways to improve the UK’s cyber resilience is through private and public sector collaboration. By uniting forces, the public and private sectors can work together to protect the UK as a joint responsibility, where they share intelligence, and do more to protect small and mid-sized organisations, who are often hit hardest by cybercrime, while also educating the public. This union is a key aspect of the UK government’s Cyber Security Strategy 2022-2030, which delivers a vision of cybersecurity resilience through public-private sector collaboration. The strategy also outlines the importance of building security into the core of the UK’s infrastructure by deploying secure-by-design principles, the importance of sharing knowledge and improving cyber education to close the skills gap. SHARING RESPONSIBILITIES While the UK is striving for a more unified public / private sector future, historically there have been collaboration challenges between the two which have hindered efforts and will need to be overcome. One of the biggest historical issues is that the government has not worked closely enough with the private sector to share responsibilities. This has led to private organisations focusing on commercially driven activities, while



International Cyber Expo 2021 Day two highlights Day two highlights from the inaugural International Cyber Expo at Olympia London, which brought together high level speakers from across industry and government to network and discuss the latest threats

ignoring others that still put the public and UK businesses at risk. IDENTIFYING THE CRITICAL PROBLEMS THAT NEED TO BE SOLVED What are the critical problems impacting the UK? These need to be defined and prioritised so that issues can be identified and resolved appropriately. To be seen as a global cyber leader, the UK needs to spearhead research and development into cyber defences and hacking activity. However, in the past, the country has failed to do this at a national level. Private, public and educational institutions need to work together to identify issues worth researching, then fund and execute them. By forging a more collaborative relationship between the UK’s public and private sector, the country will reap many gains. Not only will it improve overall cyber resilience, but it will also reinforce the country’s position as a cyber leader, while also closing the digital skills gap. INTERNATIONAL CYBER EXPO Our industry is full of impressive individuals with the resources and know-how to bring about the change we need to see. We just need a space for them to come together to do so, and that is exactly what the International Cyber Expo intends to be. Held at Olympia London on the 27th - 28th September 2022, International Cyber Expo endeavours to be the go-to meeting place for industry collaboration, where everyone from vetted senior cybersecurity buyers, government officials and entrepreneurs, to software developers and venture capitalists, are welcome to share their experiences, knowledge and resources with peers. As one of

the must attend annual cybersecurity expos, the inclusive event is made for the community, by the community, hosts a world-class Global Cyber Summit, an exhibition space, live immersive demonstrations and informal networking in partnership with Beer Farmers. L

To register for free tickets to the event, visit:


Philip Ingram MBE BSc MA GCLI is a widely published journalist, specialising in the security and intelligence arenas, who has built on a long and senior career in British Military Intelligence. He maintains a close interest in global events and is recognised as a chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weapons expert. Philip is an Associate with the London Grad School and keynote speaks on Terrorism, Cyber Security, Information and Disinformation, leadership and mental health.




As key players within the UK economy and vital aspects of the UK’s Critical National Infrastructure, it is unsurprising that airports remain high-value targets for terrorist attacks. The Pool Re Solutions latest Aviation Sector Risk Report - an analysis of open source information and interviews with senior security officials from UK airports - examines what’s changed



raditionally, malicious actors have primarily targeted aircraft. However, significant security improvements and mitigations have shifted the threat onto airports themselves and in particular landside areas. While low complexity methods have dominated the terrorist threat landscape in the UK in recent years, and would undoubtedly cause significant costs if used to target airports, the threat posed by terrorist use of explosives against airports remains. Despite strict airside security measures, landside areas are at an increased risk due to their status as Publicly Accessible Locations (PALs) and increased crowding as a result of the current staffing crisis. The staffing crisis has also caused an increased risk of insider threats resulting from mass recruitment to combat the crisis. As a result, it is assessed that there is a moderate terrorist threat towards airports in the UK. Despite the vital mitigations already in place within airports, there is space for improvement with regards to landside areas, particularly as the terrorist threat will remain in the long term. See the key findings in the panel opposite. PURPOSE Civil aviation forms a significant part of the UK’s Critical National Infrastructure (CNI) and contributes considerably to the British economy both directly and indirectly. In 2019, the entire aviation industry contributed almost £22 billion to the UK economy with UK airports handling almost 300 million passengers each year. Furthermore, following the fall in passenger numbers as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the International Air Transport Association


(IATA) expects global passenger numbers to reach four billion in 2024, exceeding pre-pandemic levels. As key economic players and vital CNI sites, airports therefore make attractive targets for terrorists. The continuing terrorist threat to the UK, combined with the recent staffing shortages and significant queueing witnessed at many of the UK’s major airports, has further increased the threat to airports. This underlines the continuing importance of appropriate threat awareness, understanding of possible vulnerabilities, and implementation of risk mitigation measures to protect airports. CONTEXT Historically, UK airports have witnessed plots carried out by a variety of actors, including the 1994 IRA mortar attacks at Heathrow airport and the 2007 Glasgow airport attack. However, security advances following the 9/11 attacks have made aviation security more stringent and attacks on aircraft more difficult. Consequently, the threat to airports and landside areas has increased as terrorist actors still seek high-value and high-profile targets. Airports are currently at a heightened risk in the UK as a result of a staffing crisis. As the media continues to report on understaffing and long queues at airport terminals, it is possible that malicious actors will seek to exploit airport deficiencies highlighted by the media in order to carry out an attack. Furthermore, the current fast-tracked recruitment to combat staff shortages increases the risk of lowered recruitment standards, and/or inadequate background checks and training – increasing the ‘insider threat’.


THREAT ASSESSMENT The threat of a terrorist attack targeting an airport in the UK is currently assessed as moderate. Terrorist targeting of airports is powerful and symbolic, with the potential for significant economic and societal consequences. The landside areas within airports also provide a publicly accessible alternative to targeting aircraft and highly secured airside areas, whilst inflicting a similar impact. Therefore, airports will remain a targeting priority for malicious actors in the long term. Threat actors based in Great Britain, regardless of their ideological motives, have relatively limited capabilities. This is largely due to the difficulty in obtaining weaponry, ammunition, or explosive precursor materials as a result of strict regulations, purchase monitoring, and strong counter-terrorism capabilities within the security services. As a result of restrictions on weaponry and precursor materials, terrorists are most likely to use low complexity methods to target an airport such as attacks using bladed weapons or using Vehicles As a Weapon (VAW). While less likely, Islamist extremists continue to demonstrate a desire to employ Person-Borne Improvised Explosive Devices (PBIEDs) which could cause mass casualties, property damage, business interruption and economic losses. There is a realistic possibility that extremists will use cyber-attacks or drones within future plots. In the UK, we are yet to see a viable attempt at weaponising drones for destructive purposes; however, based on previous drone usage, it is more likely they will E


KEY FINDINGS As airside security measures within airports have become more stringent, malicious actors may target landside areas Significant staff shortages at UK airports have resulted in shortened recruitment processes, possible lower recruitment standards due to increasing pressures, and a reduction in the required counter-terrorism training and background checks for new starters Increased media attention surrounding airport staff shortages and significant queueing has exposed airports as PALs that may be exploited by malicious actors Islamist actors have historically shown the greatest intent to target airports, however, attacks by environmental extremists or single-issue actors cannot be discounted While Person Borne Improvised Explosive Devices (PBIED) attacks have been the primary mode of attack toward airports globally since 1980, threat actors in the UK are statistically more likely to conduct a marauding attack using bladed weapons or Vehicles as Weapons (VaW) On current trends, environmental extremists are likely to continue targeting airports with disruptive measures, causing little to no physical damage, but significant business interruption. Though not yet acting violently, more violent action cannot be ruled out Lower complexity methods or even hoaxes are the most likely tactic to be used by terrorists targeting airports and have the potential to cause a huge economic impact through nondamage business interruption (NDBI) and loss of attraction, regardless of physical damage




 be used to disrupt airport operations or air travel. Environmental extremist groups and activists, though not yet officially designated as terrorist organisations, have demonstrated a desire to use drones disruptively towards airports in protest against the aviation industry’s impact on climate change. Such disruption would unlikely lead to property damage or casualties, unless a drone was the cause of an aircraft crash, but this cannot be ruled out in the future. TACTICS Different tactics are explored below that might be deployed against airports and their potential effects are outlined: Person-Borne Improvised Explosive Devices (PBIED) - Research based upon the RAND-MIPT Terrorism Incident Database found portable explosives to be the most frequent and deadly mode of attack from a sample of 75 airport attacks worldwide since 1980. Terrorist use of PBIEDs in attacks against UK airports remains a realistic possibility in the medium term, with passengers in check-in zones and landside areas being the likely targets. The damage caused by such an attack is likely to increase if there are multiple transport hubs within a single location, such as a bus station, train/ tube station and airport. A PBIED attack would require a high level of planning, access to explosive materials and a level of reconnaissance. This tactic if successfully deployed would be likely to result in significant casualties, costly property damage and longterm business interruption.



Low Complexity Methods (Bladed Weapons or Vehicle As a Weapon (VAW) - With experts estimating that there will be approximately six billion aviation passengers annually by 2030, airports increasingly present crowded places, which terrorists could successfully exploit using lower complexity methods. A bladed weapons attack would require minimal prior planning or preparation and could easily target landside areas, including airport check-in and arrival zones. Despite the panic and hysteria this method would cause, these attacks would likely result in relatively few casualties and limited to no property damage or long-term business interruption. Equally, a VAW attack requires minimal planning and capability but has the ability to cause significant human casualties, high levels of property damage and business interruption. Drones - The use of multi-drone displays has been recently seen in celebrations such as the Queen’s platinum jubilee. It is therefore possible that terrorists could be inspired by these displays and attempt to use drone swarms for disruptive purposes or to target aircraft. Whilst evidence is yet to be seen of the ability to arm drones with


explosives within the UK, this cannot be ruled out in the long term. POTENTIAL IMPACT A terrorist attack on an airport would likely result in economic losses and business interruption. Higher complexity terrorist attacks would likely cause moderate to significant physical damage dependent on the tactic used. However, lower complexity methods or even hoaxes have the potential to cause a huge economic impact through nondamage business interruption (NDBI), regardless of any physical damage. Following discussions with senior security officials at several UK airports it is estimated that the NDBI costs could amount to between £125,000 and £600,000 for a 7-hour evacuation, irrespective of the cause of the evacuation. These costs would obviously be dependent on the time of day, time of the year, passenger profile, and airport size. Following a successful attack requiring longer periods of evacuation and site closure, NDBI costs alone could reach millions of pounds. MITIGATION The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) have international


baseline standards for areas including design and security regulations - which airports across the globe are required to follow. Most nations also have their own additional standards alongside the requirements outlined by the ICAO. In the UK these are set by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), whose standards are more stringent than those set by ICAO and place the UK as one of the most proficiently regulated bodies with regards to airport regulation, safety, and security. The Aviation Security in Airport Development (ASIAD) guidance was implemented by the UK Department for Transport in 1996 and revised in 2018 to mandate particular design elements and standards that will improve resistance to bomb blasts; including multi-laminated glass and post-blast retained structural barriers to protect against physical attacks. ASIAD requires those planning, designing and developing airports and terminals to mitigate the impact of a large-scale terrorist attack on airport infrastructure. However, this does not account for unprotected queues outside airport buildings and, as such, these areas need further security considerations. UK airports also require all airside staff to carry out General Security Awareness Training (GSAT), with some airports including this requirement for landside staff. While this is the baseline training required, airports typically also provide bespoke in-house training to ensure airport-specific security standards are maintained. The forthcoming Protect Duty legislation will further enhance the requirement to protect the public

at airports; airport operators will need to demonstrate that they have proportionate mitigation measures in place. However, potential issues about standards of staff training, missed or skipped procedures due to crowd pressures, insider threats from inadequate vetting or failure to protect crowds queueing in more vulnerable areas, including outside terminals, could raise questions over liability where insurance cover bought is traditionally lower for terrorism than other forms of liability such as health and safety.

individuals into the airport and issues regarding access to training increases the risk of these processes being exploited by insider threats. The mass recruitment of individuals uninterested in their jobs also presents terrorists with a potential pool of easily impressionable airport employees who may be willing to share inside information in exchange for monetary rewards. Therefore, sacrificing the wait for completion of security checks prior to training to counter the backlog of vetting poses a significant risk to airports.

ENDURING ISSUES Despite the mitigations in place, there are a several enduring issues which require further attention to reduce the risks they pose.

Consequential impact of the terrorist threat to aircraft - A consequence of stringent security measures within airports with regards to accessing airside and aircraft is to transfer risk from aircraft to airports. Threat actors wishing to target aircraft may be prevented from accessing airside areas of the airport and instead the threat to the airport itself increases as terrorists make a last resort effort to conduct an attack. A further consequential threat to airports comes from an attack on an aircraft taking place shortly after takeoff or before landing whilst the aircraft is above the airport footprint. L

Insider Threat - The insider threat to airports comes from an individual with authorised access to information, facilities, people or resources within the airport. An insider threat could include the use of access to facilitate an act of violence, cybercrime, sabotage, or destruction of property. The insider threat to airports is consistently a concern to airport security officials with the current staffing crisis emphasising the risk. As airports attempt to re-establish sufficient workforces, it is possible that malicious actors could gain employment as recruitment standards are relaxed to meet demand. A leaked letter from the UK aviation minister in April this year revealed the Government’s plans to relax vetting rules, permitting new employees to access landside areas and begin their training before security checks are completed. Allowing un-vetted

Pool Re Solutions composed this report in order to gain a comprehensive understanding of threat landscape surrounding UK airports and the current risk mitigation measures put in place to protect against them




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THE EMERGENCY SERVICES SHOW, STAND N42, NEC Birmingham, 21–22 September 2022

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Taking place at the NEC Birmingham on September 21/22, this years’ Emergency Services Show is set to be the biggest yet. It will introduce new areas of focus including the First Responder theatre, which aims to strengthen the relationship between the emergency services and security sectors

TRANFORMING CT IN THE EMERGENCY SERVICES The Emergency Services Show will once again bring together those engaged in engaged in emergency response, public safety, counter-terror and civil contingency with their partners and suppliers. Visitors get the opportunity to explore how advances in technology and equipment are transforming emergency response for the blue light services and are able to see and handle the latest equipment, share experiences and exchange best practice. Free to attend at the NEC, Birmingham on 21 and 22 September, this year’s event set is to be the biggest yet with more than 450 exhibitors and an expanded floorplan. CPD-ACCREDITED SEMINARS Learning opportunities on offer throughout show include a packed programme of CPD-accredited seminars across five theatres. These cover Future Policing, Emerging Technologies, First Responders,

Lessons Learnt and Health & Wellbeing. New technology on display will include connected and smart vehicles, satellite communications, secure connectivity, GIS and mapping technologies, UAVs/drones, ruggedised mobile computers, tablets and phones, data management and security, wearable tech, body-worn cameras, and other video capture systems, as well as the latest hybrid and electric vehicles. Visitors will be able to immerse themselves in the technology and experience how these solutions can improve the efficiency and effectiveness of operational response. Other innovations on show will include the latest protective fabrics, medical equipment, rescue tools and CBRN equipment. THE FIRST RESPONDER THEATRE New for 2022, the First Responder Theatre aims to improve the collaboration between E



EMERGENCY SERVICES SHOW  the emergency services and security industries and is themed around the actions necessary to optimise emergency services response. Topics will include the Assaults on Emergency Workers (Offences) Act 2018 and Protect Duty: Martyn’s Law. Leading security associations will present key findings and strategies to aimed at strengthening the relationship between the two sectors. THE LESSONS LEARNT THEATRE Also new for 2022, the Lessons Learnt Theatre will include experiences of, and responses to, real-life UK and International incidents and emergencies, including the Manchester Arena terrorist bombing, the Grenfell fire tragedy and the response to the COVID 19 pandemic. The focus will be on the key learning emerging from these events and how to share best practice, ideas and innovation. The twoday seminar programme promises to help attendees enhance and upgrade their personals skills and proficiency, as well as demonstrate how operational improvements have evolved as emergency services adapt their ways of working. FUTURE POLICING After its successful launch in 2021, the Future Policing area is now thirty per cent larger. Supported by an Advisory Council chaired by former Metropolitan Police commissioner Lord Bernard Hogan-Howe, the zone features a two-day, CPDaccredited conference with high-level speakers exploring topics such as how to leverage technology for E









HOSTED BY WEST MIDLANDS FIRE SERVICE, THE EXTRICATION AND TRAUMA CHALLENGES WILL SHOWCASE THE LATEST TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT IN ACTION  better crime prevention, improving international collaboration, effective and compliant data management, and learning and development to support recruitment. Among confirmed speakers, Dr Rick Muir, director at The Police Foundation will speak on ‘New Mode of Protection: the findings of the Strategic Review of Policing in England and Wales’.of regular workplace training. HEALTH & WELLBEING FOCUS The show’s dedicated Health & Wellbeing Seminar Theatre will feature experienced professionals sharing their expertise of mental wellness, health and nutrition, workforce diversity and introducing the latest digital support platforms. Visitors will hear the real-life experiences of practitioners, frontline responders and experts in the field, who will provide practical takeaways that all emergency service and allied personnel can use within the workplace. A trauma-informed approach to policing will be the subject of a session presented by Alexis PowellHoward, Psychotherapist at Fortis Therapy and Training and Peter Thorp, Detective Superintendent at South Yorkshire Police. They will share how policing can work in a more trauma-informed way, increasing knowledge and awareness of the impact of trauma and how employers can offer the right advice and support. Building positive and empowering habits to improve health and wellbeing in the emergency services will be covered by Rosie Beardsworth, workplace wellbeing consultant at Virgin Pulse. She will discuss the power of social connection and how to foster open communication and encourage employees to seek help before crisis point. POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY In a session exploring ‘positive psychology’, Mike Lennon, Wellness and Behaviour Change Coach at The Fire Fighters Charity, examines how inherent character strengths serve as powerful pathways to flourishing in life. Fellow Wellness and Behaviour Change Coach AJ Whitaker will explore ageing and associated life transitions such as menopause and retirement in a session entitled ‘Maturing Healthily’. She will share ways in which blue light workers can plan and manage their personal health choices as well as finances. Neil Copeman, Head of Musculoskeletal Services at the Metropolitan Police will showcase the revamp of an MSK service using digital solutions, and alternative delivery methods that bring access to care much closer to home and work. COLLABORATION ZONE In the networking hub of the show, The Collaboration Zone, over 80 emergency services, voluntary groups, charities and NGOs will be sharing details of the support they offer. Organisations involved include Movember Europe, Oscar Kilo, Railway Mission, PTSD999, The Blue Light Symphony Orchestra, The Fire Fighters Charity, The Salvation Army, and UK Firefighters Sailing Challenge. Visitors to the Fire Fighters Charity stand can visit its wellbeing area, experience five minutes of relaxation, hear about the Charity’s new children’s book and watch exclusive videos of some of the people that have been helped recently. Services offered by the charity include a covid recovery programme, wellness coaching, health awareness programmes as well as digital and face-to-face support. WMFS EXTRICATION AND TRAUMA CHALLENGE The Extrication and Trauma Challenges return to ESS as an interactive experience for participants and visitors.



Hosted by West Midlands Fire Service, the challenges showcase the latest technology and equipment in action. In the Trauma Challenge, teams of two will experience visual and audio inputs from a trauma scenario that has been set up and filmed especially, in an ‘immersive’ tent. Both challenges will be judged on best safe working practices, command and control, safety and scene assessment, extrication, professional prehospital care and expert use of rescue equipment. In the Extrication Challenge competing teams from across the country will perform extrications from a series of realistic RTC scenarios featuring heavy and complex damage. Action will be captured from a variety of camera angles and broadcast live to a large display screen at the show. COLLEGE OF PARAMEDIC WORKSHOPS Always a popular feature of show, the College of Paramedics will once again offer its popular 30-minute CPD workshops to all visitors. Sessions will cover a range of topics including prehospital burns, trauma and performance under pressure. GETTING THERE The NEC is linked to Birmingham International Station and Birmingham Airport and is directly accessible from the UK motorway network. Entry to The Emergency Services Show and parking at the NEC are both free. Interested parties can register now. L


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