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May 2014

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Dragonflies & Damselflies

Race through Time

Battle of Lewes 750




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C&H have been producing soft furnishings for over 80 years – we really are the experts in our field. We make beautiful handmade curtains, roman blinds, cushions and other soft furnishing in gorgeous fabrics. We also sell a huge range of blinds, all types, and shutters. We offer expert fitting, hanging and dressing of curtains. And there’s a FREE estimating and measuring service in your own home. Call us now to book your FREE appointment with our in-home consultant. C&H, 179 Western Road, Brighton, BN1 2BA Telephone 01273 321959 Email: brighton@candhfabrics.co.uk C&H FoR youR HomE, FoR CRAFTs, FoR dREssmAking, FoR FAsHion

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Hey nonny no, ‘tis Merry Maytime May is such a lovely month, maybe the best of all. Of course in Brighton we have the Festival as well as the sunshine so we can dash hither and thither seeing the world on our doorstep. Brighton is a famous practise zone for the world-renowned Edinburgh Festival, so we get to preview the shows and be well ahead of the cultural curve! What more could we ask? Have a lovely month

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Bright Ideas: New Road Destinations - Will we all be going Dutch?

Glow in the dark road markings have been unveiled on a 500m test stretch of highway in the Netherlands. The paint contains a “photoluminising” powder that charges up in the daytime and slowly releases a green glow at night, with the aim of eliminating streetlights. Once the paint has absorbed daylight it can glow for up to eight hours in the dark. The test is being observed by British road safety, to see how effective it could be here.

Road Energy Cities are hot in summer because the dark asphalt on the roads absorbs the sun’s rays so efficiently. A Dutch building company, Ooms, is now trying to harness that energy via a series of connected water pipes embedded in the asphalt, using it to both heat and cool its headquarters using heat exchangers.

“Advertising in Preston Pages is extremely beneficial for us. The quality of the publications is excellent; it is well read by local people and we have had many enquiries and increased interest following our advertisements.” Brighton & Hove High School

The system has been installed on a motorway flyover in Rotterdam and also in Scotland, where 108 megawatts a year are generated from a 400-square-meter parking lot, to heat a 1,500-square-meter office building and adjacent workshops.

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Invisible Heating Systems’ director Henk Verweijmerem says: “We can extract about 270 kilowatts per square metre a year, about half that of a solar panel on a roof. But the cost is about a twelfth that of a solar panel and there are a lot more square meters of tarmac available. If all the motorways in the Holland were covered, we could create more power than all the power stations.”

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Dragonflies & Damselflies Dragonflies are ancient, they reigned 300 million years ago - during the late Paleozoic period. They pre-date dinosaurs and birds. The richer oxygen mix in the atmosphere then enabled them to reach wingspans of two and half feet. Although magnificent still, they are mercifully smaller now – today’s largest live in Central America and have a wingspan of 7 1/2 inches. Dragonflies have been objects of superstition in many cultures, fragments of the myths are present in old local names for dragonflies: Devil’s Darning Needle - common throughout Europe. It was rumoured that sleeping near water on a summer day risked a dragonfly sewing your eyelids shut. In China and Japan the dragonfly has been treated as holy and believed to have medical qualities. Even today a species of dragonfly, Sympetrum frequens, is used as fever reducing drug. Dragonflies and damselflies have a complicated life cycle – perhaps as much as 95% is spent as an aquatic creature. Eggs are usually laid in water; upon hatching they live as a rather dowdy nymph for 6-24 months, sometimes as long as four years. Also known as a naiad, the larvae are in danger from frogs, newts, birds and fish. As they grow they molt, shedding their old skin between 8 to 17 times depending on the species. When the naiad is ready to metamorphose into an adult, it climbs up a nearby plant. Exposure to air causes the naiad to begin breathing. The skin splits at a weak spot behind the head and the full-size adult dragonfly crawls out of its larval skin, pumps up its wings, and flies off. In flight the adult dragonfly is an aerodynamic masterpiece, it can hover and propel itself in six directions; upward, downward, forward, back, and side to side. In general, large dragonflies have a maximum speed of 10–15 metres per second (22–34 mph) with average cruising speed of about 4.5 metres per second (10 mph). They hunt and usually eat on the wing, feeding on flies and midges. They are effective against mosquitoes too.



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Blue-tailed Damselfly

Azure Damselfly

Broad-bodied Chaser Dragonfly

Migrant Hawker Dragonfly

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The adult airborne stage of larger species of dragonfly can last as long as five or six months, although it is a precarious life hunted by birds frogs etc. Before becoming sexually mature, young adults may spend a week or more away from the water so it is possible to see dragonflies in your garden even if you don’t have a pond nearby. During this period, the larger dragonfly species can travel quite long distances, feeding on flying insects. Apparently in the south of England we can get dragonflies from as far afield as southern Europe, even North Africa. As adults, dragonflies and damselflies are voracious, consuming 20% of their bodyweight in food each day. Their large compound eyes, made up of as many as 30,000 facets or lenses, provide impressive sight to detect prey. In flight, they hold their bristly legs in a basket shape to scoop up and then firmly grasp their targets before eating their catch, often in mid-air.

Ruddy Darter Dragonfly

Red-eyed Damselfly

Once the young adults have matured and gained their full colours – which may take a couple of weeks – the male and female are ready to breed. Males use claspers at the end of their bodies to grab a female, and the couples fly in tandem while they mate.

Is it a dragonfly or a damselfly? Damselflies are the frailer of the two. Their eyes are on either side of their head, like a hammerhead and they tend to rest with their wings folded. Dragonflies are more robust, tend to fly faster, have huge eyes that virtually cover their head, and rest wings akimbo. Gardeners can help conserve dragonflies and damselflies, especially the more common species who are less site dependent, by providing a suitable pond (or two!). The water should be clean and kept free of herbicides with shallow margins and some deeper water. It needs to be in a sunny, sheltered position. Areas of short and long grass near the pond will be used as mating & feeding grounds, nearby shrubs & trees as roosts and shelter. Perhaps put some flat rocks nearby - some species are attracted to light-colored rocks, as they like to warm up by basking in the sun on them. No fish though as they eat the larvae! Plant up with a mixture of submerged plants (such as pondweeds and crowfoots) and floating-leaved plants (such as water-lilies and frogbit). Around the pond margins, brooklime and water forget-me-not, and taller plants such as flowering rush and water mint. Sounds beautiful doesn’t it? 

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Common Darter Dragonfly

Banded demoiselle

Four-spotted Chaser Dragonfly

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The

House of Tattered Treasures Invites you to its annual

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Throughout May 2014: Each Saturday and Sunday from 11am to 5pm

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Fabric and paper creations

Risqué cushions from pink minx

And All Manner of Affordable Items!

Reviving Beverages and Ambrosial Cakes may be Enjoyed in the Garden if the Weather is Clement! “Every generation laughs at the old fashions, but religiously follows the new” – Henry David Thoreau

Outstanding vets for you & your pets New Priory Vets Brighton The Veterinary Hospital The Deneway London Road Brighton BN1 8QR

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May EVENTS at Preston Manor May at the Museum The Great Escape presents Saturday 10 May BRIGHTON MUSEUM 7-10pm Limited number of tickets available in advance. Free to TGE wristband holders on the door. For the second year, Brighton Museum & The Great Escape come together to bring an exciting night of live acoustic music. Paint it Late Thursday 15 May BRIGHTON MUSEUM

No Weddings but a Funeral Friday 16 & Saturday 17 May

7.30–8.45pm £15, book in advance via Brighton Fringe Ticket Office 01273 917272 Step back to 1940 and help solve a mysterious death at the manor in this interactive promenade performance with Random Acts Theatre Company. Dressing up optional.  

Haunted House Experience

Saturdays 31 May, 28 June, 26 July & 23 August 7pm-12.30am £35, members £25, book in advance Use traditional ghost-hunting techniques to explore Brighton’s most haunted house. To book call the Events Booking line on 03000 290902

7-10pm £5, members £4 in advance, £7 on the door Play with paint, try speed life drawing, party with cocktails and silent disco, discover secret painting stories, and VanGoYourself! A Museums at Night event To book call the Events Booking line on 03000 290902

Difficulty turning over in bed? – Treat yourself to satin pyjamas. Even better, satin sheets as well!

Eggs – Eggs stay fresher longer if stored with the pointed end downwards. Linen – When you finish ironing bed clothes fold sheets and duvet cover and place inside the matching pillow case. Easier to locate sets and store.

Plant pots – stop soil escaping from pots by putting coffee filter paper at the bottom of the pot when planting up. 10

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The Battle of Lewes 750 History Notes by M. Bance Whilst we may be in the midst of Brighton festival madness our neighbours in Lewes also have some pretty extensive plans in place for May. Not the Festival, the Fringe or even the Great Escape, but the Battle of Lewes 750, designed to commemorate events that took place in May 1264 which, some believe, shaped the future of democracy in this country. Commemorating armed struggle, even if it is aimed at getting better, fairer government, is pretty serious stuff at any time, but, reassuringly, the Lewesonians are adopting a fun approach to their festival - not at all the experience of their forebears for whom the battle was a bloody, horrible affair. And, of course, today’s residents understand that. There cannot be one who does not know the story of the Battle of Lewes.

A definite must see is the specially designed tapestry stitched by local embroiderers. Based on drawings by Lewes artist Tom Walker, the tapestry tells the story of the battle using 13th century embroidery techniques.

However, unlike Harvey’s beer, I’m not sure this story has travelled. So, to set the scene: the reign

By the afternoon of 14th May 1264, the town was ablaze and the King’s knights valiantly fought from the walls of Lewes Castle to hold off the rebels. Reproduction courtesy of Sussex Past. 12

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of Henry III was not a happy one. His strict autocratic style, reliance on foreign advisors, displays of favouritism towards unpopular French nobles, and profligate spending made him deeply unpopular. In 1258, tired of years of bad government, the barons, under Simon de Montfort, the Sixth Earl of Leicester, took action and imposed a scheme of constitutional reform, known as the Provisions of Oxford, on the King. This established the principles of government by council rather than by royal whim. But Henry wasn’t the sort to just roll-over and accept restrictions on his authority. He asked King Louis IX of France to act as an arbitrator

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gathering support. By May 1264 the King’s forces had reached Lewes and here de Montfort attempted to negotiate a peace. His proposals were rejected and, in this situation, the only thing to do next was fight.

Tapestry panel 3. The Barons War, as the conflict became known, was not over after Lewes. Prince Edward escaped from his captivity and routed and killed de Montfort at The Battle of Evesham in 1265.

and in January 1264, Louis announced the annulment of the Provisions and dismissal of the reforms. This in turn set in motion nothing less than a civil war. Some accounts say that de Montfort believed, with an almost crusading zeal, that he should uphold the oath sworn in 1258, by ‘all faithful and loyal men’, to support the reforms and treat all who opposed them as mortal enemies. He wanted to shield and defend the English against the terrible threat he felt was being imposed on them by foreigners; going as far as to sign a statute which aimed to confine high office to native born men 14

and expel all foreigners from the country. Which is a little odd; bearing in mind he was French and could speak hardly any English! Perhaps he was just a very canny politician who recognised the xenophobia growing throughout the country and thought to channel it as a way to power. Indeed, historians have described de Montfort as extremely political, power hungry and a dynamic leader. Qualities well suited to unifying disaffected knights, barons, freemen and peasants to stand against the ‘tyranny of aliens’. Hostilities started with both sides galloping around the countryside, taking castles loyal to their enemy and

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On the eve of the 14th May, King Henry was settled in Lewes Priory enjoying the Feast of St Pancras while his son, Prince Edward, was being entertained at Lewes Castle by John de Warenne. Their armies were billeted in the town or camped in tents outside the town walls. Unseen, de Montfort’s men marched quietly uphill from Warningore Wood and around Black Cap to Mount Harry (just over a mile to the north-west of Lewes) from where they had an excellent view of the town. At dawn, the King’s army struggled up Winterbourne Hollow to meet de Montfort’s troops, roughly around the area of Lewes Prison, the old race course and Landport Bottom. De Montfort was heavily outnumbered and Edward easily overpowered his inexperienced left flank. These men, mainly apprentices and journeymen, known as ‘the Londoners’, fled for their lives and were chased all the way to Offham chalk pits. Many drowned trying to escape across the River Ouse. When Edward returned to the field he discovered that his cavalry’s killing spree had left the King exposed and the battle was all but lost, with Henry ‘much beaten with swords and maces’. Fighting spilled over into what is now

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Picture by Hardy, displayed in Lewes Town Hall. Rebellious barons under Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester vs. royal troops under Henry III. Reproduction courtesy of Lewes Town Council.

Lewes High Street and School Hill. Soldiers in the castle fired flaming arrows into the thatched roofs of the houses below in order to stop de Montfort’s troops taking up positions there. One chronicler wrote of the horror of ‘the town on fire, and its streets filled with objects of indiscriminate slaughter.’ This was an epic battle. It ended with Henry, his troops having fled or died, being forced to surrender. De Montfort had overthrown the King and was victorious. The following peace treaty, the Mise of Lewes, enabled de Montfort to call Britain’s first ever recorded parliament to include elected commoners and make a move towards a more democratic England. 16

Perhaps not the whole truth, but if you want to escape Brighton at some point during May you can go to Lewes and find out for yourself. For full details of all the events go to http://sussexpast.co.uk/ battle-of-lewes-main. I’ll be going over on the 17th for

the costumed march through the town which will feature re-enactors ‘skirmishing’ at Landport Bottom, Lewes Castle and the Priory – I love a skirmish! Followed perhaps by the mystery play in, amongst other locations, Harvey’s yard.

Visit the calendar of events on the Battle of Lewes website to see what is planned for the 750th anniversary.

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My Brighton I was born and bred in Brighton and I am proud to live in such a vibrant, exciting city. My parents worked on the Palace Pier, my mum a waitress and my dad a maintenance man. They fell in love and married so Brighton is well and truly in my blood. I have brought up three sons and although they have all lived in various countries and cities over the years two have returned to Brighton and one just along the coast in Worthing. I believe Brighton has a magnetic little charge all of its own! I would like to tell you about the job I do here in my home town. I have worked for Age Uk (formally Age Concern) for 16 years now. I manage the Help at Home Service which is a domestic support service for the over 50’s with the majority of our clients being in the 80 plus age group. The service provides help and support with daily household tasks and also gardening enabling people to stay in their own homes and remain independent for much longer. The service covers the coast from Saltdean through to Southwick and reaches out to almost all areas in and around the city.

in providing support and peace of mind for extended family living miles away. The office contact and a weekly visit from a home help gives them peace of mind that their loved one remains safe.  It is a service I am very proud to be part of, a service that benefits older people living in our community, my community, in my Brighton of which I am very proud to be from.   If you would like further information on Help at Home or other Age UK services - please contact: 01273 765275 (Age UK Brighton & Hove, 29-31 Prestonville Road, Brighton BN1 3TJ)

The service is very special  to me as having a mum in her eighties and my late father suffering from Alzheimer’s,  many of the problems I encounter through my work I have  experienced in my personal life. I truly understand how hard it is for many older people living in such a busy, bustling city as Brighton but to still feel isolated and completely alone. We tend to forget how hard it must be to cope with losing a life partner or your close family moving far away, it is life changing beyond doubt at any age - let alone when you are in your later years. The Help at Home service is key

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Anston House Readers may recall the application last year for two very tall blocks of up to 15 storeys providing 231 flats for the Anston House site, opposite the Rose Garden in Preston Park. This application was refused, much to the relief of lovers of Preston Park, the residents of Dyke Road Drive and the surrounding area.  Anston House will now be converted to 44 flats of various sizes, for which it was originally designed. A government ruling means that permission for change of use from offices to flats does not now require planning permission, though changes to the exterior of the building do: e.g. balconies, window sizes and cladding. So the present planning application is merely for the appearance of the exterior.  The Brighton Society and the Preston and Patcham Society both welcome the conversion of Anston House to flats. The existing Anston House is not as tall (only nine storeys) as the previous scheme for the Anston House site which was up to 17 storeys and is set well back from the road rather than up to the pavement edge. Almost every flat has a balcony.  Unfortunately the Anston House application shows that the building will be hung with large matt black tiles. The architects claim that this reflects the character of the town centre Brighton buildings, e.g Royal Crescent, which are hung with black mathematical tiles, but which also include much white decoration around their windows. 

wood cladding, which weathered badly in the Brighton climate, became fashionable on buildings in recent years, black buildings are now becoming fashionable too. Tall black buildings are proposed for the Circus Street site and were claimed to reflect the net huts on Brighton beach. There are no such net huts on Brighton beach, they are on the beach at Hastings. We were then told that there were large black mathematical tiles on the Black Lion pub in the Old Town, in fact they are grey hung slate tiles.  Unfortunately these developers do not know their Brighton, it is time they did their homework. Buildings in the area of Anston House are either brick or stucco.

Anston House is not in the town centre, it is in a suburban area where there are no buildings hung with black mathematical tiles. There is also a world of difference between black mathematical tiles, which are brick size, glossy and reflect light, and the large matt black tiles proposed for Anston House which, because they are matt, absorb light rather than reflect it. 

If readers would like to object to a black Anston House please write asap objecting to the black cladding: e: planning.comments@brightonhove.gov.uk quoting BN2014/00596 and including your name and address or write to: Development Control, Hove Town Hall, Norton Road, Hove BN3 3BQ, including your name and address and quoting BN2014/00596

Unfortunately, just in the way unsuitable

Selma Montford

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Can you help Ross do his bit? The clock is ticking to raise the remaining money to start the redevelopment of St John’s Crowhurst Hall into a Community Centre this year! In order to start the building work this summer, we need to raise the £48,000 balance of our £130,000 target by June. Ross, the vicar’s seven-year-old Border Terrier, is keen to do his bit to help! With the South Downs Way, the Sussex Ouse Valley Way, the 1066 Country Walk, the Norfolk Coast Path and the Great Glen Way already under his belt, Ross is something of a long-distance walking veteran. So this time Ross will be attempting the 102 mile Cotswold Way – from Chipping Campden to Bath – to raise funds for the Crowhurst Hall Project. Ross has been training hard and is quietly confident he’ll complete his walk. We’ll put a snippet in the June or July ‘Preston Pages’ to let you know how he gets on! You can help Ross do his bit for the Crowhurst Hall Project by sponsoring his walk: • either go to www.brightonstjohn.org.uk and make a sponsorship donation electronically by following the Donate Now at give.net link on the home page • or send a sponsorship cheque, payable to Crowhurst Hall Project, to: St John’s Church Office, Knoyle Road, Brighton BN1 6RB For over 80 years, St John’s has sought to serve its local community by making the two halls it owns – the Crowhurst Hall and the better-known Knoyle Hall – available for community use. The exciting plan to refurbish and redevelop the currently tired and underused Crowhurst Hall as a Community Centre is part of our ongoing commitment to support the local community, especially groups and charities working with youngsters and the elderly. Please support us in making these dreams a reality. Thank you.

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01273 299219

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Brave New World

S

pring Budgets have had little to promise or offer UK savers and investors in recent years, apart from setting out the depth of the economic challenge ahead for the coalition government. Only last year, the mood was subdued, with talk of a potential triple dip into recession and a long and bumpy road to recovery. As Britain looks towards a general election in May 2015, the Budget contained far-reaching changes for its savers and investors. Chancellor George Osborne, in his address on 19 March, said the Budget rewarded “the makers, the doers and the savers” in Britain. And the new pension and tax-efficient saving arrangements certainly offer radical reform of the UK’s personal finance landscape and welcome breaks for savers and investors after four years of austerity. A significant change in pension arrangements has lifted restrictions on access to pension pots and made it more attractive for individuals to invest for their retirement through pensions. And the reform of Individual Savings Accounts (ISAs) brings a very welcome increase in the annual allowance to £15,000 from July this year. Osborne, in these more secure conditions, packed his Budget with a broad range of pre-election giveaways, including a reduction in the savings tax rate and an increase in the personal tax-free allowance to £10,500 for 2015/16. The Budget also restated that the Inheritance Tax threshold will remain at £325,000 until April 2018. The Budget’s relaxation of ISA rules to allow any combination of stocks and shares and cash rightly gives investors more flexibility to manage their valuable allowance to suit their attitude to risk and their needs.

However, the Bank of England Governor, Mark Carney, remains adamant that the base rate will remain at a record 0.5% low while the economy recovers; and is widely expected to be held at this level until mid-2015 (www. bbc.co.uk, 20/2/14). It seems unlikely that the government would welcome a rise in interest rates just before it goes to the polls. Osborne’s decision to champion investor choice has also underpinned the more flexible new pension regime. Perhaps most radically, he has made proposals to free up access to pension pots and change the rules for annuities from April 2015, as well as introducing a new pensioner bond. The proposal to allow anyone over the age of 55 to take their entire pension pot as a lump sum (albeit with 25% tax-free and the remaining amount liable to Income Tax) is a radical innovation that allows individuals to invest, save, spend or give as they see fit. The new pension regime admirably hands more control to individuals over their longterm financial plans. But, as with all financial planning, each person’s needs and appetite for risk or security are distinct. Retirement planning requires expert, not off-the-shelf, solutions. Osborne’s brave new world for savers and investors creates further nuances and complexities that make wealth management advice as important as ever. To receive a complimentary guide covering Wealth Management, Retirement planning or Inheritance Tax planning, produced by St. James’s Place Wealth Management, contact Mark Holmes of St. James’s Place Wealth Management on 07966 398581, by email mark.holmes@sjpp.co.uk or visit www. markdholmes.co.uk.

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The Mackerel Fayre Sunday 25th May  From around 1pm Fr. Robert Fayers will conduct the ancient Brighton ceremony of the Blessing of Nets on the seashore, near the Fishermen’s Museum, as part of the Mackerel Fayre. The tradition of blessing the nets at the Mackerel Fayre has ancient roots. In Tudor and Stuart times the fishing industry was crucial to Brighton & this was the most important fishing town in Sussex. Four out of five men were fishermen. Brighton’s fleet fished as far away as Yarmouth and Scarborough. The importance of The Mackerel is commemorated at the fisherman’s church, St Paul’s in West Street, where the beautiful new glass doors are etched with a catch.

21st Century Tips Britons in Space Too hot?

When you have added too much curry or chilli powder – rescue by adding 2 tablespoons of milk.

Happy start: Plant annuals on cool days

if possible. The best time to plant is early evening, so they can acclimatise a bit before the midday heat.

Butt exercise! To firm up your bum go up

the stairs backwards. Or, go up 2 steps at a time.

Cat deterrent – Scatter orange and

grapefruit peel around the garden. Cats are reported to hate citrus.. 24

01273 299219

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Dorothy Stringer Playgroup Stringer Way, Brighton BN1 6QG  For pre-school children from 2-5 years old.

OFSTED report October 2013 Good in all areas

“One of Brighton’s best kept secrets” Places available from sePtember 2014 Morning Sessions : 9am -12.30pm Afternoon Sessions : 12.30pm-3pm All Day Sessions: 9am-3pm for over 3’s

early Years free entitlement – 15 hours free from the term after your child is three or from two years for low income families

call admissions on : 01273 506981 www.dorothystringerplaygroup.co.uk ds.playgroup@btinternet.com

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e Ne w

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CHEESE & CELERY LOAF Seasonal Recipe by Valerie Hedgethorne

Valerie Hedgethorne taught cookery & cake decorating for many years in Brighton before becoming a Home Economist. She now writes recipes monthly in Cake Craft & Decoration Magazine & is also a member of the Sussex Branch of the British Sugarcraft Guild.

Ingredients: 110g Red Leicester cheese 2 sticks celery (approx 75g / 3oz) 2 spring onions 225g (8oz) self raising flour ¾ teaspoon salt 1 level teaspoon dry mustard 1 level teaspoon baking powder 75g (3oz) butter or hard margarine 2 medium eggs 100ml (4 fl oz) milk

This loaf is ideal for picnics or a packed lunch. It’s delicious eaten plain or buttered. I suggest Red Leicester in the mixture because of its colour but a mature Cheddar can be used instead. It keeps well for 2 – 3 days. You will need a 1lb loaf tin measuring approximately 10 x 23 cm (4 x 9in) across the top.

Method: Grease the loaf tin, line it with greaseproof paper and grease that. Coarsely grate the cheese, trim and chop the celery, slice the spring onions. Into a mixing bowl sieve the flour, salt, mustard and baking powder. Rub in the butter, stir in the cheese, celery and onions, and then mix with the beaten eggs and milk.

Pete has been exploring the Preston Pages and if you look carefully you will find him in three different places.

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01273 299219

Put into the tin and smooth the top and bake for approximately 50 minutes or until golden brown and firm in the centre. Allow it to cool slightly in the tin then turn it out onto a cooling rack. Serve plain or buttered. Store in an airtight container. It freezes well and is perfect when defrosted.

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LocalBritishGraduateandQualifiedEnglishLanguage Teacher offers

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Jumble Sale! at One Church Brighton, Florence Road On Saturday 3rd May 1am-2pm.  £2 entry. Most items 50p.

All money raised will be donated to local community projects. 

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Spring Cleaning Canadian Style in the 1930s

You may think you know all there is to know about spring cleaning. Well, I would challenge that. Spring Cleaning in my youth was really horrendous, even for the children - no puddings or cakes for the duration! - to say nothing of the mothers. Picture the scene: you are warned that your bedroom will be the starting point. When you come home from school at lunchtime everything is outside, looking naked and unloved. The bed has been dismantled and every part has been thoroughly washed. There were the springs – shivering disconsolately… there too were your dresser drawers looking positively indecent in their emptiness. By the time I came home at the end of the school day the wallpaper was stripped from the walls and the woodwork was being painted. That night

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01273 299219

it meant sleeping on the floor of my sister’s room, while my furniture sheltered on the back porch. It was quite exciting as I was to have my room redecorated, so I had a big decision to make: the choice of the new wallpaper. Of course, I fancied elaborate designs but I had a reality check and was given a choice of about 5 patterns in the approved price range. In those days wallpaper wasn’t sold ready trimmed, so the edges had to be cut off with scissors. You had to be very careful doing this to keep right on the line. I was allowed to help and felt very proud. As you can imagine this took some time with several working, so that my mother and Jean, (who was a dab hand at papering) would be able to start in the morning.

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The great result of all this trimming was that I had absolute possession of all the edges cut off, which were very long and curly. That prospect might not excite you, but my friends and I had a wonderful time. We pinned the ends of the strips in our hair or around our arms and then we would run and run with curls of paper unrolling in the wind! I had plenty of friends on that day. I was so proud to go back into my room with everything fresh and clean, the bed and curtains had been washed ahead. I assured my mother I would keep everything in pristine condition and I really meant it at the time. So it went on room after room until every room was properly “bottomed”. What a lot of work it was, not many people had vacuum cleaners, so it was a case of beating carpets and rugs on

The story above was one of the charming series of recollections by Kay Evans. Born in 1923, her childhood years were spent in what was called the ‘Dust Bowl’, The Prairies of Western Canada during the Great Depression. Despite the terrible demands & ‘austerities’ of the times, recalled too by John Steinbeck in Grapes of Wrath, her stories reveal how helping each other and companionship triumphed against it all. She learned that fun is free and never forgot it. Her modest stories are deft, cheering, comforting and amusing. After several years’ faithfully 30

the line. (In fact, years later, in post-war Wales, I remember two of us dragging a carpet, top downwards, across a small grassy field and back to clean it and refresh the colour). The women needed to be very fit, it really was house WORK, and in addition to keeping the family fed and watered. One thing I do know, everyone was glad when the furore of spring cleaning was over and ordinary life could be resumed – including baking day! In retrospect, I suppose it would be hard not to spring clean when all your neighbours were being so industrious. You really had to keep your end up and show that your standard of housekeeping was as thorough as theirs. They used to say the kitchen floor was “clean enough to eat off”; though I never did find anyone who tried it.

contributing articles - come what may – later to include the war years and a new life in post-war Britain; she was delighted to suddenly wonder if they might be considered ‘social history’? And indeed they are.

KnEE HigH on

tHE PrairiE

and tHE sEasons tHat followEd

Kay died last year; her kind nature and optimism intact to the very last moment. We have now published a collection of her stories. Copies are just £5. ALL money from the purchase price will be donated to WAVES – a productive and inventive day care centre for young adults with disabilities, as was her wish.

01273 299219

By K Evans



Please email: info@thinkingcommunity.co.uk to order a copy (or two!!) Or phone 01273 299219.

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WREST PARK AND THE DE GREY MAUSOLEUM Late Spring Outing Saturday 17th May2014

After leaving Brighton we will travel to see Wrest Park near Bedford. This enchanting early 18th landscape garden, one of the finest in Great Britain, has recently undergone a vast restoration program. Over 90 acres, it was inspired by the great gardens of Versailles and the Loire valley in France. The house is built in the style of a French chateau, and has a Bath House, a vast Orangery & Pavilion at the end of a Canal. Full conducted tour. NB 6 mobility vehicles to help those with walking difficulties - at no extra charge. A light luncheon can be obtained at the newly constructed cafeteria or you can bring your own picnic.

After lunch, it is on to the De Grey Mausoleum attached to St John’s church, Filton. It contains a unique collection of tombs demonstrating the changes in style of the representation of death from the 17th century Jacobean period to the romantic period of the Victorian age via the classical taste of the 18th century.

Historical Model Railway Society Next Meeting Thursday 8th of May London Road Station Shaftesbury Place, off Ditchling Rise Talk by Roy Hickman ‘Making buildings for your model railway’ Roy Hickman is brilliant at turning scraps other might throw away & turning them into professional looking model buildings and scenery.

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LILAC LARK to be held in Withdean Park London Road on Sunday 11th May between 12.30 and 5.00pm Come and see the Owls Out and About!

And dont miss the dog show Registration from 12.30

www.hmrs.org.uk

The Friends of Withdean Park and Brighton Lions Club invite you to the 2014

Stalls  Sideshows  Refreshments  Displays Punch & Judy  Cuckoos Nest Morris  live music

All welcome; Admission Free; refreshments available. 7.45pm for 8pm start.

32

To book phone MARTIN FOSTER, 01273 729998 by Monday 5th May. Costs include Coach, Entrance fees & Guides: EH £33, Non-EH £42/£41Sen.

 A Brighton Festival Fringe event. 

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B RAIDEN C ONSTRUCTION Extensions Loft Conversions Basement Construction Refurbishment Grade I and II Listed Building Works Front cover story: Sept 2012 issue of Homebuilding & Renovating Magazine

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Office: 01273 248939 www.braidenconstruction.co.uk Mobile: 07885 325954 3 Mulberry Close Brighton BN1 6QE t  Email: grant@braidenconstruction.co.uk “I’ve never been married, but I tell people I’m divorced so they won’t think something’s wrong with me.” - Elayne Boosler

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A Race through Time Brighton is famous for being racy; David Rowland sent these notes about the racecourse. Brighton Racecourse is situated on Whitehawk Hill about 400 feet about sea level. The race track is in the shape of a semi-horseshoe and is about a mile and a half long... The finish straight is about 4 furlongs and uphill to the finish line. The Duke of Connaught organised the first public race at the current site in 1783 although racing had been taking place since about 1713 when the early races were contested by members of the military forces who were garrisoned in Brighton. The main public races were held in July and August and were deliberately organised to coincide with the annual Whitehawk Fayre. The Fayre was discontinued in about 1820. According to old tales George IV, when he was the Prince of Wales, invented hurdle races at Brighton while racing with his aristocratic friends. One day they found some sheep pens which they then proceeded to arrange so that they could jump over them while racing. In 1788 a wooden grandstand was erected but it burnt down in August 1796. The blame for this was aimed at a family of paupers who had been allowed to live in it. In 1805 the races were faced with total disruption when the local farmer, who leased the race course, threatened to plough up the course if he didn’t receive a complimentary box of wine as a complimentary gift which he usually got each year... This was refused and so he started to plough up the course when he was chased off by a press gang and so the races continued. Around this time it became home to top class racing with huge wagers being won and lost but it slowly drifted out of fashion when the Prince of Wales and his friends ceased to attend. Things deteriorated gradually and by the late 1920s Brighton Races had regained an unsavoury reputation. The meets, like so many events and so many cities in the country at the time, were infected by London gangs running ‘protection rackets’ and their frequent turf wars and razor fights horrified visitors. Serious trouble continued until June 1936 when the ‘Hoxton Mob’ were finally arrested at Lewes Races. Graham Greene described the unhappy period in his 1938 novel Brighton Rock. 34

01273 299219

Following the end of WWII the course once again became popular and with stands built on both sides of the track. In the 1960’s crowds of up to 20,000 attended during ‘Sussex Fortnight’ with only slightly fewer attending on the other race days. Times were booming for the course. Ted Dexter, the Sussex cricket captain in the 1960s famously loved horse racing and was a frequent visitor; on one occasion he declared the innings for Sussex while still at the course! In 1965 a large brand new stand was built costing a little over £400,000 but sadly the attendances began to decline as did Brighton’s tourist industry. The facility became badly run down. But in 1998 the Northern Racing Company took a majority stake in the course and spent a total of £4million in refurbishing the course. By 1999 the Company owned 81% of the course while Brighton and Hove Council owned the other 19%. Come 2012 Northern Racing merged with Arena Racing to become the Arena Racing Company. Today, Brighton racecourse is one of the smaller racecourses in Britain. In 2012/13 its average prize money per meeting was only £26,349. At this time only Southwell, Chepstow, Folkestone and Hereford race courses offered less. Now both Folkestone and Hereford (Jump meetings) have been closed. Recent years have seen meetings on 18 days in the season. The most important is the 3-day Brighton Festival in early August, the prime race being the Brighton Mile Challenge Trophy, sponsored by ‘John Smith’ since 2003.           . These days the course hosts a large number of other types of events including exhibitions, conferences, car rallies, antique and toy fairs and business promotions so there may be a racy future ahead too!

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May sudoku

The Brain Pit

Mind Mining puzzles supplied by Bud Tangerina.

codebreaker

Crossword There are no clues to this crossword. Numbers have replaced the letters of the alphabet. Two letters have been given to you to start you off. The small grid is provided to help you remember which letter is associated with which number as you proceed.

15 Reckon a dunderhead has wed daughter (3) 17 They keep themselves to themselves to assist in oil supply (13) 18 Gnaw at death’s heart (3) 19 Boards helping to make frowsy artworks revolutionary (5) 22 Wither in golden embrace - farewell! (5) 24 Quietly covering evidence (5) 25 Charger cut short German banker taking over (5) 26 Blood group error reported (4-1) 27 Nowadays, iconic cars bring back rubbish pictures for person responsible (13)

Down

Across 1 Question and answer occupying oddly unique magis the Sunday before Lent (13) 8 Opponent cutting off your head then engaging a procedure for evacuation (5) 9 Poetry starting to have an impact on the United Kingdom retrospectively (5) 10 Survivor yachtsman grasping horn (5) 11 Lasagne fetched up endlessly, defying gravity, through the nose (5) 13 Dance nowhere (5) 36 36 |

1 Veronica quite disturbed Mrs Brown (5,8) 2 Things themselves partly related to it (5) 3 Fear flyer (5) 4 Card maniac danced around with odd foes, perhaps (3,2,8) 5 The Spanish will admit your old radical (5) 6 Speech put fool on a different footing (5) 7 Diluted jokes making eyes’ water? (7,6) 12 Heavyhearted cry flying down back street (5) 14 Poem written up in dailies (5) 15 18 yesterday? (3) 16 Hid otherwise revealing spot (3) 20 Saying about first kiss on the Isle of Man (5) 21 Scoop: Superhead photographed originally with nothing on! (5) 22 Post back final two parts of letter (5) 23 Putin’s ridiculous proposal (5)

01273 299219 • www.prestonpages.com Answers to the Puzzles• atinfo@prestonpages.com www.prestonpages.com


Sussex Sash Windows Specialist Quieter, warmer homes

RACHEL URBACH

CARPENTRY & JOINERY

• Complete repair service - cords, sashes, cills, modern spring balances, glazing • Professionally installed draught sealing systems ideally suited for listed buildings & conservation areas. • Painting available • No job too small

Specialist in fitted furniture Traditional or contemporary

• Professional, friendly helpful with many years’ experience

Over 20 years experience Friendly service

Free no obligation quotations and advice

07946 608459 www.rachelurbach.wix.com/carpentry

For a free inspection or estimate and for any queries please call Kevin on

0785 427 2189

or send an email to: sswspecialist@gmail.com and we will be happy to help.

“The truth is more important than the facts.” - Frank Lloyd Wright (1868-1959)

Ho av me ail Vis ab it le s

Family Owned & Run since 1919

Buxtons are specialists in the supply & installation of all types of domestic & commercial floor coverings, & commercial curtains & blinds.

• Carpet & Carpet Tiles • Karndean & Amtico Vinyl floors • Cushion Vinyl & Linoleum • Safety Flooring & Non-slip wetrooms • Rubber Flooring Free measuring, consultation and advice • Professional installation Huge Choice of carpets & flooring • Local authority approved

Showroom Opening Times: Monday - Friday 0900-1700 Closed Weekends & Bank Holidays Call for a Free Estimate & Advice

01273 300074 www.buxtons.co.uk

Free & Easy

Buxtons Flooring, Unit 6, Parking Woodingdean Business Park, Sea View Way, Brighton, BN2 6NX

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This space to advertise community events, e.g. fund raising jumbies, classes, rambles etc Or communicate changes of well laid plans NB Need details by 12th of previous month. Call 299 219 or write to us online. We have endeavoured to make sure the information is correct, but we recommend you check with the organisers before attending.

Stretch and Relax 50+, 12-1.30pm, 29-31

Contacts:

Rainbows, Brownies & Guides: 505906 Stanford Avenue Methodist Church: 565896 Girlguiding Preston Park on 505906 or prestonparkguides@googlemail.com. St Matthias Church: 508178 Age UK Brighton & Hove - 29-31 Prestonville Rd: 01273 720603 Swimming at Surrenden Colin 504858 Choir St Charles, Cumberland Rd: 380366 Jubilee Library: 290800 W.I. - Mrs Sue Handley, County Federation Secretary 01323 442592 Cricket Practice Simon Coomber’s 07971 917524 City Gate Church / Centre: 693807 Scottish country dancing. Carol 564 963 One Church Brighton (OCB), Florence Road www.onechurchbrighton.org Preston Croquet Club - John Munt 562226 Shintaido: 07846752833

Mondays

The Group for unattached people 45+. Every 3rd Monday. Ring for detaIls 01273 736096 OCB Girls Brigade 5-30 - 9.00p.m. Preston Croquet Club 0945 to 12.30. BeginnersOK Badminton Club 7.30-9.30 pm, Brighton and Hove High School Sports Centre off Montpelier Road.

Tuesdays

Bell ringing, Church of the Good Shepherd, weekly practice 555954 Stroke Club 3rd Tuesdays Stanford Avenue Methodist Church - 10.15 Women’s Fellowship 2.45pm. Stanford Avenue Methodist Church Feminine Focus 8pm, Stanford Avenue Methodist Church Beavers 6-8yrs 5-6pm, Cubs 8-11 yrs 6.30-7.30, Scouts 11-14yrs 7.30-9pm Stanford Avenue, Methodist Church

Wednesdays Service - St Matthias 10am

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We would like to use Preston Particulars to highlight Local Charities & Community Events. Write to us with details: info@prestonpages.com Thank you and ...thank you.

Prestonville Rd,720603 Knitting Group 2-3.30pm, 29-31 Prestonville Rd,720603 Holy Communion –short service. 11am Stanford Avenue Methodist Church Caterpillars Toddler Group @ Calvary Hall (Preston Circus-next to Fire Station)1012pm (Term Time) Luncheon Club & Craft Afternoon. Stanford Avenue Methodist Church at 12.30am Brighton Orpheus Choir Varndean High School in term time 7.30-9.30 Girls Brigades from 6pm Stanford Avenue Methodist Church Meditation/Music. 7.30 Prayer Chapel. Stanford Avenue Methodist Church - 3rd Wednesday of each month Little Lambs toddler & baby , 1.30-3pm, Church of the Good Shepherd, Preston Coffee Pot 10.45am at St John’s Church Knoyle Road OCB Zumba 7.00 - 7.45p.m. Parent and Toddler Group Calvary C. Hall, Viaduct Rd, 10-12 (term time) Preston Croquet Club 0945 to 12.30. BeginnersOK

Thursdays

Prayer Break, 10-11 Stanford Avenue Methodist Church Brighton Chess Club 6.30-11pm C/O Avenue Bridge Club. 15 Third Avenue Improvised Comedy drop-in class for all levels 7:30 – 9:45pm upstairs @ the Open House, 146 Springfield Road, £8 Tai Chi 50+ 11.45am-12.45pm, Age Concern. Prestonville Road Women’s Institute . Meet 4th Thurs each month. 7.30pm Stanford Avenue Methodist Church Downland Quilters - Patcham CC. - 1st Thursday of the month. 7.30pm. Janet 509190. Dragonflies playgroup, 10am-12pm, Knoyle Hall, term time only. Age concern Yoga 10.30 - 12. 30 Shintaido movement class. 7.30-9.00 £7.50/£6.00 concs. Citygate Centre. Scottish Country Dance Club 7:30 at Balfour Junior School

01273 299219

Fridays

Tai Chi 50+ (beginners), Friday 11am12pm Age Concern Prestonville Rd Coffee Morning at 9.30, Stanford Avenue Methodist Church Music Group Practice. 7pm Stanford Avenue Methodist Church Art of Living Group - 7pm 07723 089 676 Tea Dance 2pm - 4-30 pm, at City Gat Friday Club 2.00pm in the Knoyle Hall OCB One Youth 7.00 - 9.00p.m.

Saturdays

Fathers Who Football, 9-10 am, Preston Park email: fatherswhofootbal@hotmail. co.uk Dad’s Breakfast. 9.30am, Big Sky Café £1 dad. Kids free. 10am Eucharist (1st Sat- healing service anointing with oils) Service, 7pm, St Matthias Church Lions Book Fair+ cds, videos etc. the deneway, from 10am - 12 1st of the month www.brightonlions.org.uk (1st saturday of the month) Brighton Chess Club 2.00pm - 6.30pm C/O Avenue Bridge Club. 15 Third Avenue Inclusion Play Club 9.30 -12.30 Term time. Fiveways Nursery, Florence Road. Contact: Naomi 07843867626 Preston Croquet Club 0945 to 12.30. BeginnersOK

Sundays

9.30am Eucharist St Peter’s One Church Brighton Sunday Services at Florence Road 10.30a.m. Stanford Avenue Methodist Church, serving the community. Sunday Services: 10.30 -11.30am & 6.30-7.30pm. Creche facilities on Sunday mornings. Calvary Church Viaduct Road, 11.00am and 6.30, Rev. Philip Wells 687721 St Matthias Church. Family Eucharist Service 9.45pm Baha’i Centre, 19 Stanford Avenue. 505895. 9.45-11am ‘Open Session’ St John’s Parish Church Knoyle Road Eucharist and Young St Johns, Knoyle Road 10.00am

• info@prestonpages.com • www.prestonpages.com


With Keith Day

Got garden space and no time to garden?

• We plant and sow tasty fresh vegetables in your garden throughout the year. • We offer advice and tips to enable you to grow your own at home. • We can provide raised beds, tubs and grow bags for your garden.

est 1992 &ƌĞĞƋƵŽƚĞƐͻĂůůƚƌĞĞĂŶĚŐĂƌĚĞŶǁŽƌŬͻŶŽũŽďƚŽŽďŝŐŽƌ

All tree and garden work ex Kew, NCH Arboriculture, RHS. All tree and shrub pruning

info@growyourownathome.org.uk

Call 07568 541 763

• Hedge trimming and reduction

www.growyourownathome.org.uk

• Fruit trees • Clear ups, sort outs • Jungle taming • Regular visits or one offs

Garden Recovery

FREE QUOTES

Restoring & maintaining Gardens

EXPERIENCED • RELIABLE • INSURED

Gardener Russ Howarth

For a free on site quote call Fiona Caselton

01273 671 287 07743 172 014 russhowarth@yahoo.co.uk

07789 824 831 fcaselton@gmail.com

“The man who does not read good books has no advantage over the man who cannot read them.” - Mark Twain

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01273 299219

• info@prestonpages.com • www.prestonpages.com


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