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Nr 2/2018 (72) Nr ISNN-2451-2079

Intro International spotlight


Absolwenci WSIiZ zwolnieni są z opłaty rekrutacyjnej doktorat.wsiz.rzeszow.pl

Seminarium doktoranckie

Seminarium doktoranckie

indywidualny tok kształcenia (2 semestry)

(6 semestrów)

PUBLICZNA OBRONA ROZPRAWY DOKTORSKIEJ

PUBLICZNA OBRONA ROZPRAWY DOKTORSKIEJ

akceptacja rozprawy przez promotora złożenie podania o publiczną obronę rozprawy doktorskiej (w ciągu 10 miesięcy od rozpoczęcia udziału w seminarium)

akceptacja rozprawy przez promotora złożenie podania o publiczną obronę rozprawy doktorskiej

Prezentacja koncepcji rozprawy na zebraniu odpowiedniej Katedry

zatwierdzenie promotora określnie zakresu egzaminów doktorskich

SEMESTRY

(przygotowujące do egzaminów doktorskich)

Proseminaria z opiekunem naukowym

Złożenie podania o otwarcie przewodu doktorskiego

OTWARCIE PRZEWODU DOKTORSKIEGO:

Wykłady modułowe Wykłady kursowe

egzamin językowy (przy braku certyfikatu) egzamin doktorski z dyscypliny dodatkowej egzamin doktorski z dyscypliny podstawowej

SEMESTRÓW

DECYZJA O WYBORZE PROMOTORA

Seminarium

egzamin językowy (przy braku certyfikatu)

z promotorem

semestr 5. i 6. egzamin doktorski z dyscypliny dodatkowej egzamin doktorski z dyscypliny podstawowej

Prezentacja koncepcji

OTWARCIE PRZEWODU DOKTORSKIEGO:

Seminarium z promotorem

zatwierdzenie promotora określnie zakresu egzaminów doktorskich

rozprawy na zebraniu odpowiedniej Katedry

Złożenie podania

o otwarcie przewodu doktorskiego

Przygotowanie koncepcji rozprawy doktorskiej


Dear Readers, It is my greatest pleasure to give to you what I hope is only the first of many issues in the English language for Intro Magazine. I have named this feature “Student Spotlight” to shine a light on the wonderful international students studying here at the University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszow. In this issue I have interviewed six students from all different backgrounds and parts of the world. They give insight into their culture, differences in between their countries and Poland, and what its like for an international student to adjust to life in Rzeszow. The countries they have lived in include: Egypt, Japan, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Macedonia, Italy, Mexico, and Nigeria. I hope you enjoy reading them as much as I enjoyed interviewing them. Patryk Tauter Publisher of the edition: Patryk Tauter Substantive editor: dr Zofia Sawicka Authors: Patryk Tauter, Nikita Kholin, Astrid Lara Rumbo Graphics: Sylwia Wójcik Pictures: Home archive Printing composition: Krzysztof Klimek Publisher: University of Information Technology and Management with headquarters in Rzeszów, Sucharskiego 2 street


-Who are you?

Describe yourself: name, country you come from, what do you study in our university in Poland?

Adekunle Paul Adebisi I am from Nigeria which is in West Africa. I am in my second year studying Information Technology. My specialization is in programming. I enjoy learning about the different program languages and although I know the basics of many programming languages I want to learn more because I feel like we’ve only seen the tip of the iceberg. -What made you decide to study here in Poland and/or specifically UITM? I was studying in Vitebsk, Belarus before in the northeastern part of the country for one year. I left to come study in Poland because it didn’t seem like there was a lot of hope for a student in Belarus to find a job after college. I wanted to make a change and my brother helped me find UITM and I applied. Once I got accepted I took a bus to Poland and the rest is history. -Do you remember the first days of studying here? Yes, I was coming by bus from Belarus and when I got to Warsaw I changed my winter jacket for a normal jacket. Then I went further south to Rzeszow and It was even warmer! I pulled up to the train station which wasn’t too big and thought it might be a small city, but to my surprise it was bigger than I thought. My first days I remember going to classes in Kielnarowa and really enjoying the lecturers and professors we had. Especially the teachers who take time to explain everything. -Can you tell me about your time in Belarus? Yes It really prepared me for a real winter. From the airport in Minsk to Vitebsk where I was going to study in, my teeth were chattering the whole time during my taxi ride there. I lived in the sixth floor and the winds were really strong. I was able to use my windowsill as a refrigerator. In Nigeria the majority of people build houses closer together and we usually are covered by the wind from trees. Describe some of the struggles you went through: I think for most people from countries with warmer climates they have a tough time adjusting to winter in

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Poland. I didn’t have this problem. The hardest adjustment for me was the food. It was very different from what I’m used to especially with the use of spices. In Africa food is bursting with flavor and spices. We have different beans, yams are popular, and we use a lot of palm oil. Tell me more about food! One dish I love and would recommend to anyone is Jollof Rice. It’s a nationally known dish in Nigeria and you have to try it. In my house we cook with different things. We have gas, stove, coal, and firewood. When I cook beans I cook them with coal because it gives it a better taste. Wood can make rice and meat dishes taste better. I also like Peppersoup which is a spicy soup made with either meat or fish. The best one is with fish such as Tilapia or Catfish. Suya is another one of my favorites which is a spicy barbecued meat of your choice on a skewer. A quick, easy, and delicious food anyone can make is fried plantains, which we call Dodo. -What are some differences in culture between your home countries and poland? In Nigeria there are many tribes but the three main tribes are Yoruba, Igbo, and Hausa. The southwest lies the Yoruba tribe, in the southeast the Igbo, and in the Hausa to the north which are made up of mostly Muslims. I’m a Yoruba and I like the where I’m from because its a mix of everyone, Christians and Muslims and people speaking English and Arabic. What I like about being a Yoruba is that respect is deeply rooted into our culture. You should always greet someone who is older than you first and if someone is much older than you, a sign of respect is to prostrate in front of them when you greet them. A universal language in Nigeria is Pidgin English.

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-Can you explain some common misconceptions people may have about your culture or your countries? Someone asked me before if we have any ten story buildings, apartment buildings, or skyscrapers. Of course we do, we don’t live in huts made on dirt. People also ask me silly questions about animals, so I say I have a pet zebra and I ride my pet zebra around chasing cheetahs. They think Africa is just a desert or safari and we run around with spears. I tell them about some the big cities we have and how similar they are to other big cities around the world. -What is your favorite holiday you celebrate at home? My favorite holidays are Christmas and New Year’s. My dad works in the capital city and my siblings study in different cities so It’s great that the whole family comes home from school, college, and work to get back together and spend the holidays as one. We cook a lot of food and I get to spend time with my friends as well. We like going from house to house eating all different types of food and dishes from each family. -What are some of your hobbies and interests? I love watching and playing football. I like staying active by going swimming and riding bicycles. I also like adventures and exploring new places. One of my areas of interests is biology because I like to know how our body works. Talked: Patryk TAUTER

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-Who are you?

Describe yourself: name, country you come from, what do you study in our university in Poland?

My name is Alessandro, I am from the northern part of Italy in a region called Friuli-Venezia Giulia. The city I am from is named Udine. My major is Information Technology with a specialization in Computer Graphics. -What made you decide to study here in Poland and/or specifically UITM? My cousin lived in Poland for a year and recommended me the country because of its low cost of living combined with a good quality of life. The main reason I chose to study at UITM was because was looking for a specific course in computer graphics. Some of the programs I use are Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, Zbrush, Maya. -Do you remember the first days of studying here? It was difficult at the beginning because it was the first time I was away from Italy for so long and I missed my country. I live alone and I think not living at the dormitories at the beginning was difficult because I didn’t have anyone to talk to for the first week or so. I did some exploring and checked out the city and found that people were friendly and always willing to help even if they didn’t speak English. I really liked it here when I came here and I adapted really fast. Before studying here I also spent one year studying in Venice. It was fun but had a really high cost of living, especially for a student. Because of this, I lived off of canned tuna for a while. -Describe also the struggles you went through: I know a few languages but the Polish language is very difficult so im taking my time to learn it. I was browsing through some Polish writing and I couldn’t understand why the letter “z” was used so often. This was very different for me. Now I feel more comfortable here every month and it’s starting to feel like home. -What are some differences between Italy and Poland? In Poland some people put ketchup/mayonnaise/garlic sauce on pizza which is something like a sin in Italy, you just don’t do it. But aside from that, in Rzeszow it’s more clean, people respect the rules more, it’s more safe. In my home city I can get from one side of the region to the seaside in 45 minutes. Here in

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Rzeszow it is a little bit bigger and can take me 45 minutes just to get to Kielnarowa. I love my country but in the foreseeable future I don’t see myself going back because of the economic situation and lack of jobs. -Can you explain some common misconceptions people may have about your culture or your country? Most people have a general opinion of Italy that they base on what they know about the south of Italy. Some are unaware that the Northern part of Italy is quite different. I have family from the North and South of Italy but I spent my life on the North side. When I came here people assumed I would add the letter “a” to the end of every sentence. For example, “how are you-a”. The accents are very different and in the North of Italy you can hear people speaking different dialects and languages as well. Everyone thinks we eat pasta all day which is not true, we usually eat pasta only for lunch! One thing all of Italy can agree on is that we love food and we love football. -What is your favorite holiday you celebrate at home? That’s easy, Christmas! I feel like a child again and I love it. My whole family shares presents on Christmas Eve and then the next day we all go to a famous restaurant in my town together. In Italy we love good food and good wine, but it’s about the experience and not just filling your stomach. -What are some of your hobbies and interests? I like spending a lot of time with my friends. I like computers and learning how to use new programs as well as building computers. I’m very into music and I also used to play violin semi-professionally in an orchestra. Talked: Patryk TAUTER

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-Who are you?

Describe yourself: name, country you come from, what do you study in our university in Poland?

My name is Astrid, I am from the capital city of Mexico which is on the other side of the world. I am in my first year of my Master’s degree studying international management at UITM. I did my bachelors in international business. -What made you decide to study here in Poland and/or specifically UITM? I wanted to do my Master’s degree in a new country because I had studied my whole life in Mexico. I had found a program in Germany, but the cost of living as well as the cost of school was very high without some sort of scholarship. After some more research I found the same exact program here in Poland.

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-Do you remember the first days of studying here? The first week of classes I had a buddy who helped me figure out the buses and how to get to school which was nice because the first day of school I walked one hour from the dormitory to school. The majority of my group is from Poland, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Turkey and India. So being from Mexico made me very unique. At first, It was difficult memorizing the names of my classmates because I wasn’t used to such a diverse group of people. -What was your most positive discovery here? I was really excited to be the only person from Mexico because so many people were thrilled to meet someone from Mexico for the first time and many of them wanted to ask me a lot of questions. I had an opportunity to shape their opinion and leave them with a good impression of me and my country. -Describe also the struggles you went through: The biggest struggle I faced would be the language which is why the first thing I usually ask people is if we can communicate in English. The second problem was that I arrived right before the beginning of the winter. In Mexico City, winter lasts a month and about five degrees celsius is the lowest temperature we will experience. Winter in Poland is a different story. I had some normal jackets, but in January I bought a real winter coat to help me make it through the winter. -What are some differences in culture between Mexico and Poland? One thing that surprised me were that people were more curious about my darker skin color. I was sad at first because sometimes I would get strange stares or people wouldn’t sit next to me in public places. In Mexico no one cares what skin color you are and they are friendly to everyone. -Can you explain some common misconceptions people may have about your culture or Mexico? People think that we always eat spicy food. Although we do use spices, we also have a wide variety of other ingredients we use to cook. -What is your favorite holiday you celebrate at home? I don’t have one single favorite holiday because I love all holidays. In September we celebrate Independence day, In October we have a small Halloween celebration as well as Day of the Dead. In December, Christmas is wonderful we eat so much. In January we celebrate the New Year. After that we have Three Kings Day where we share gifts. In March and April we have Easter holidays as well as Kids Day. Then we have Mother’s day and Father’s day so we have something to celebrate all year-round. -What are some of your hobbies and interests? I love to read everything, especially thrillers and romantic novels. I enjoy watching movies a lot and that’s why Netflix is my best friend. I also like sports and I played flag football for a long time. Talked: Patryk TAUTER

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-Who are you?

Describe yourself: name, country you come from, what do you study in our university in Poland?

My name is Zeyad Kai, I am half-Japanese and half-Egyptian and I just finished my first year studying Information Technology. I was born in Japan, but I moved to Egypt when I was one and I spent my school years there, going back to Japan every summer for vacation. -Which country do you like better? I get that question a lot, but I can’t choose because each country has their own special and unique qualities. Japan is way more developed, but Egypt has a special place in my heart because I grew up and went to school there. I speak both Japanese and Arabic which can get confusing sometimes when you try to translate things. I have more friends in Egypt but after I finish my degree I want to live and work in Europe. -What made you decide to study here in Poland and/or specifically UITM? I wasn’t sure what I wanted to do after graduation but I wanted to experience living in a new country. I didn’t have an exact major I was interested in but I chose Information Technology because it has good job prospects and career paths. -Do you remember the first days of studying here? They were great because I got to meet people very quickly. Everyone was so friendly and we became a close group of friends in a short period of time. I thought I would be nervous at the beginning, but within a week I already started to feel more comfortable. -What was your most positive discovery here? I haven’t had time to do much travelling yet, but I went to Wroclaw and it was amazing. I also was happy to find that even though not everyone spoke English, they were always willing to help out in any way they could. -Describe also the struggles you went through: Winter. I bought a winter jacket in January because I didn’t think I would make it through the winter without one.

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I also was not aware of the necessity for winter boots. I thought I could make it through the winter with regular sneakers. The language barrier was also difficult but mostly food because I wasn’t used to cooking so I frequently ate KFC. Now I cook simple things like rice, chicken, and spaghetti. -What are some differences in culture between your home countries and poland? Young people in Europe like to go out and party a lot, but in Japan this is not so prevalent. It’s more common to see them tired because their studies are very vigorous. I have encountered drunk people before, but here drunk people are more violent. -Can you explain some common misconceptions people may have about your culture or your countries? A lot of people ask if in Japan we eat insects like cockroaches which is something that they are probably confusing us with China. They also think that people from Japan all know how to fight and that we all do mixed martial arts or karate. About Egypt they think that it’s all desert and we live next to the pyramids and ride camels. If you go to Egypt you will have a chance to ride a camel and see the pyramids but that’s not all. Also most people live close to the Nile river because the desert is uninhabitable.

-What is your favorite holiday you celebrate at home? In Egypt, definitely Ramadan. It has a really cool atmosphere and I enjoy it. In Japan, Oshogatsu. It’s the first few days of January celebrating the New Year. All of the stores are closed and the kids get money. You will see a lot of fireworks and kids running around. In Japan there are not many holidays. As a student in Egypt, you have more than 3 months of holidays during the school year. In Japan the total amount is a little over 40 days and during those days you still have homework. -What are some of your hobbies and interests? I like everything to do with watching and playing football. I played on teams in Japan and Egypt. I love movies and was always interested in how films are directed and recorded. I like all genres of film as long as it’s a good movie. Talked: Patryk TAUTER

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-Who are you?

Describe yourself: name, country you come from, what do you study in our university in Poland? My name is Ziad, I was born in Egypt and when I was twelve I moved to Saudi Arabia. I lived there for about 4 years or so and then i moved to Bahrain. I have also spent a few months here and there in Dubai as well as other gulf countries such as Kuwait. I study Aviation Management and have just finished my second year. Out of those countries where do you feel the most at home? That’s a tough question, because I have friends in all three of the countries I’ve lived in but when they ask me that question it’s difficult for me to say that I belong to a certain land. I had the privilege of getting to know the cultures of Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Bahrain as well as meeting great people there. In the gulf countries there are a lot of rules and regulations that make it almost impossible to get the status of a national. In Bahrain its not this way. Bahrain is a very small country with an area of roughly 750km squared. It’s very diverse, people are very open and friendly. I’ve spent my most recent years in Bahrain, therefore I feel like it is my home. -What made you decide to study here in Poland and/or specifically UITM? I came specifically to Poland to study at UITM because the Aviation Management program has a good reputation. I have always been interested in business generally but I didn’t know much about aviation. The question I get from most people is: what are you going to do when you graduate, be a pilot? And I laugh and explain to them that I’m learning about the business side of Aviation, Pilot school is something else. Before I found our university I honestly didn’t know much about Poland. I started to read more about the country and decided that although it might be very different from what I am used to, I was up for the challenge of coming to a new place and meeting new people. At the time I had met people from Germany, Ukraine, America, Australia, all over the world but never from Poland. I enjoy meeting people from new countries and thought it was very interesting for me to learn about another country and their culture. -Do you remember the first days of studying here? The first few days of studying here was very interesting. I had English classes where I met people from about six

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different countries, who along with Poland, were countries I had never met people from before. It was an amazing chance to meet people from new cultures to learn about them. This was the most positive discovery I had at the university. -What are some differences in culture between your home countries and Poland? In terms of Western Europe, countries from the Middle East where I spent my time growing up, are very similar when it comes to handling business and life. On the other hand, in the Middle East the people are more similar to people from Eastern Europe. Religion is very important in Poland, in Saudi Arabia they have strict rules to prevent people from doing anything during the prayer time. The laws don’t let you even open a shop during prayer time. In Dubai and Bahrain there is more religious freedom and your prayer time is up to you. -Can you explain some common misconceptions people may have about your culture or your countries? Some of the the first people I met when I moved here, asked me if in Egypt we eat cats because they read something like this on the internet, so I told them if you have a chance to meet people from a foreign country make sure to ask them about their culture and not listen to only what you read on the internet or watch on TV. When people are interested and ask questions because they don’t have much knowledge about middle eastern countries, I like to inform them and explain how life looks like in my countries. -What is your favorite holiday you celebrate at home? One of the best times you can spend at home is Ramadan. In the Middle East it takes on its own amazing atmosphere. We all fast during the day and then when it’s sunset we all eat together. We always say no one is hungry during Ramadan! It is an amazing celebration with my family. Egypt has a lovely and friendly atmosphere and people from all over the Middle East say that it has one of the best Ramadan celebrations. Everyone is singing songs and we are surrounded with the amazing feeling that you are connected to each other. -What are some of your hobbies and interests? My interests involve mostly business and economics. I read articles from various magazines about different business topics. I also love to sing, when I was in Dubai I was in a band that performed at weddings. People really enjoy it and when you finish your performance and people thank you and tell you they will never forget this night, that’s a wonderful feeling. Talked: Patryk TAUTER

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-Who are you?

Describe yourself: name, country you come from, what do you study in our university in Poland?

My name is Zorica Odjakova and I am from Macedonia. I am a second year student at UITM, studying aviation management. -What made you decide to study here in Poland and/or specifically UITM? First of all, when I was a little kid I was always wondering how airports are operating. I was always curious about airplanes and functions between them and airports. When I was searching for universities I was originally looking for international universities outside of my country. The fields I was interested in were related to management and economics. Then I read about UITM’s program on the internet and it seemed very interesting to me. Once I found out about the program I started to search for other universities with the same major and I found one in Germany. I have been to Germany before, but I decided on Poland because I like the country more. I wanted to give it a try and I got accepted and now here I am! -Do you remember the first days of studying here? I was very excited I came with my parents and my roommate also from macedonia who is year older than me. She was telling me all about the city and the school. I couldn’t wait to come here and live my student life as soon as possible. When I came here I understood life has a lot of struggles I was dealing with things that maybe aren’t the biggest problems but for me they were because I was here alone and I was trying to get used to the country and the people as well as the language. I didn’t know any words in Polish besides hello and goodbye. Now when I look back on those days I have a beautiful feeling.

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-What has changed since then? Now I know the city I know a bit of polish I understand people and go to the grocery store and speak Polish with a cashier. It was a very big deal for me because this is the first time I was dealing with the Polish language and It’s a difficult language. -What was your most positive discovery here? For example, when I was in Macedonia and I was thinking about leaving Macedonia and studying abroad I was so scared. I was worried I wouldn’t be able to adapt to the changes or what would happen if I fail and have to go home. When I came here I was very surprised from the people and the whole environment. They were so helpful and friendly, always asking if I needed help whenever I needed to do something difficult. Because of this, I met a lot of friends who are still my friends to this day. With all of their help, support from my family, and my hardwork, I finished my second year and by the end of next year I will finish college. So there are a lot of beautiful things here that changed my perception. Another example is that initially I thought polish people were not that friendly and if someone doesn’t know their language they are not bothered to speak to you. I didn’t know they wanted to help people from other countries. When I talk to them to them in Polish they are so happy and excited, But after starting a conversation we usually switch to English because I’m not that good at speaking Polish. When they hear someone from abroad who speaks Polish they are so happy. -Describe also the struggles you went through: My biggest struggle was the bus transportation. My country is very small with a population of about 2 million people, which is similar to the population of Warsaw. I don’t live in the capital so my city is very small, and because of this I usually walk, ride a bike, or sometimes drive to wherever I need to go. My commute to UITM is half an hour by bus. The struggle was the number of these buses, timing of the buses, and knowing which bus stop to enter and exit from. -What are some differences in culture between your home countries and poland? The culture is very similar as well as religion is the same. The behavior of people is similar. Food is different, in

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Macedonia we use more spices. Now I am used to Polish food, but when I first came here I was eating mostly fast food such as pizza, Mcdonalds, Subway, and KFC. -Can you explain some common misconceptions people may have about your culture or Macedonia? There are always people who ask me if Macedonia is in Greece. It’s not and we are a totally different country although we are neighbors sharing a border. To be honest we dislike each other. People don’t ask about my culture because we are a European country. They do ask me a lot about my country because it’s very small so most people aren’t able to find it on a map. They also ask what is the population, as well as what food we eat. -What is your favorite holiday you celebrate at home? The biggest celebrations are Easter and Christmas, People love these holidays and put a lot of effort into celebrating them. This involves cooking a lot of food! Another popular state holiday where people have off from work are the days in which we celebrate the saints that are important to our country and religion. -What are some of your hobbies and interests? Volleyball is very important to me because I played on a team for eight years. I also love cycling, watching movies, and spending time with my friends. I love to read books, especially during the summer and I always take a book with me while travelling. Talked: Patryk TAUTER

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Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Zarządzania w Rzeszowie uruchomiła nowy program stypendialny pn. „School of Leaders” (SoL), którego głównym celem jest wspieranie najzdolniejszych studentów w rozwoju naukowym oraz kształtowanie postaw i umiejętności liderskich. Osoby objęte programem SoL będą studiowały zupełnie za darmo! - Uczelnia opłaca czesne. Dodatkowo otrzymają możliwość: • korzystania z indywidualnej opieki pracownika naukowego (tutora), wspierającego rozwój zainteresowań i kompetencji, • bezpłatnego udziału w elitarnych specjalistycznych warsztatach, • udziału w projektach i badaniach realizowanych przez jednostki Uczelni, • bezpłatnych konsultacji ze specjalistami Centrum Innowacji i Przedsiębiorczości WSIiZ dotyczących założenia własnej firmy, • wsparcia Biura Karier WSIiZ w zakresie planowania ścieżki kariery zawodowej. Zasady funkcjonowania School of Leaders określa regulamin organizacji i funkcjonowania SoL, stanowiący załącznik do Zarządzenia Rektora nr 14/2018 z dnia 28.03.2018r. O przyjęcie do School of Leaders może wnioskować każdy studentI roku studiów pierwszego stopnia i jednolitych studiów magisterskich, który po drugim semestrze nauki spełni podstawowe warunki tj.: • osiągnie średnią ocen za drugi semestr w wysokości co najmniej 4.0, • zaliczy egzaminy i zaliczenia w pierwszym terminie. Kwalifikacja do programu odbywa się na podstawie punktacji, która obejmuje średnią ocen oraz dodatkową aktywność, którą student może wykazać we wniosku (rodzaje aktywności określa Załącznik nr 2 do Regulaminu). Na bazie średniej ocen i punktów za aktywność tworzona jest lista rankingowa, na bazie której typowanych jest do 40 studentów o najwyższej liczbie punktów, z którymi Komisja przeprowadza rozmowy kwalifikacyjne. Do Programu przyjętych zostanie 20 studentów. W związku z powyższym, serdecznie zachęcamy wszystkich zainteresowanych do aplikowania do elitarnego programu School of Leaders poprzez wypełnienie wniosku (wzór określa Załącznik nr 1 do Regulaminu) i złożenie go w Sekcji Stypendialnej (pokój nr 27/2 w budynku głównym przy ul. Sucharskiego 2) w terminie do 31 lipca br.

W razie pytań, bądź wątpliwości zapraszamy do kontaktu. ------------------------------Małgorzata Sokół Koordynator School of Leaders Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Zarządzania z siedzibą w Rzeszowie e-mail:msokol@wsiz.rzeszow.pl tel. (17) 8661429


Mexico Mexico is a country located at the north with the United States, at the east with the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, at the south with Guatemala and Belize and at the west to the Pacific Ocean. Its capital city is Mexico City. The official language is Spanish, and the name of the currency is Mexican peso. The colors of the National Flag are green for the hope of the people, white for the unity and purity and red for the blood of all our national’s heroes. The National Emblem is an eagle eating a snake in a cactus; it represents the Aztecs discovery of the lands of the ancient Teotihuacan (currently Mexico City). The country has four main climates: tropical, semi-humid, mild and dry weather. As per the last census, the population of the country is of 127.5 million. The principal religion of the country is Catholicism. The economy of the country is mostly based on manufacturing, services and tourism.

Before being conquered by Spain, Mexico was populated by different indigenous tribes being the most outstanding the Mayan and Aztec culture. Both ancestors have been an important precedent to several traditions and gastronomy of nowadays. The Mexican culture is characterized by its colorful folklore. For us, everything is a party, including death; An example of this is Day of the Death (All Saints Day). To provide a little idea of this I will mention the main dates we celebrate: • January 6: Day of the Kings. Main celebration for children as they receive three gifts from the magic kings. At the same time, we celebrate this day with the traditional „Rosca de Reyes” which is based on sweet bread with strips of sugar and dried fruit on top. The important thing about this bread is that inside it has several figures of baby Jesus who, if you find it in your piece of bread, it is said that it is good luck and that you must pay the tamales for February 2. • February 2: Candelaria’s Day. According to the Catholic religion, on this day the presentation of Jesus to the temple is commemorated. Most women dress their baby Jesus’ ceramic figures and take them to bless at church. In addition, tamales are made and eaten. This meal is based on a cornmeal dough stuffed with chicken and sauce and wrapped in a corn husk.

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• Easter: In Mexico we follow the festivities as dictated by Catholic religion. The most remarkable thing about it is that in Mexico City there is a representation of Christ’s Crucifixion. • 16 of September. Mexico’s Independence Day. Throughout this month every corner of the country is filled with our tricolor flag. On the day of our independence, there is a tradition called „ El Grito”. This is performed at the National Palace in the capital city. The main idea is that the Mexican president commemorates all the heroes of the nation at the balcony of this spot. It can be seen live or by TV. Usually you celebrate this day with your family and / or friends. You eat the typical dishes such as pozole (soup with pork, corn grains, pepper and other spices) and drink tequila or mezcal. • November 1 and 2: Day of the Dead (All Saints Day). According to our traditions, in these twodays the loved ones who have died come to the „land of the living” to celebrate. The families visit the cemeteries and prepare an altar with the food that the deceased loved. They stay all night in there to celebrate with them this day. Also, they place a small offering at home with food and other things that your loved one liked. There is a special dish for these dates that is called „Pan de muerto”. It is a sweet bread with sugar on top; It has a shape that makes it different from other breads. • November 20: Day of the Mexican Revolution. We do not perform a specific celebration; however it is good to indicate the date.

morena” with a special mass in her basilica at Mexico City.

• December 12: Day of the Virgin of Guadalupe. Most Catholics across the country come together to celebrate the „Virgen

• December 16 to 24: Posadas. Prior to Christmas, there are 9 days of celebration where there is a small representation of when Joseph and the Virgin Mary were asking for an inn. After this performance, it follows the tradition of the “piñata”. This is a cardboard pot covered in colorful paper that inside it contains various sweets or fruits. The game consists on hitting the “piñata” until it breaks and spread out all the content that is inside. At the end of all this we have a small dinner with several traditional Christmas dishes. • December 25: Christmas. Like other countries, the Christmas tree is placed in all homes. You also have the Christmas dinner, with dishes of the season, and there is an exchange of gifts. This date is a time to share good vibes and joy with all the people you love. • December 31 and January 1: Old Year and New Year. Usually spend with your family and / or friends. There is a dinner before the New Year and there are different traditions to be made such as the 12 grapes.

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The main idea is to eat a grape for each bell ringing before the New Year; Each grape represents a wish for the following year. Nevertheless, the festivities are not the only way of enjoying the country. You can also appreciate the fantastic landscapes that it has to offer. As indicated at the beginning, Mexico has diverse climates that makes it very attractive. You have the possibility to enjoy different climates throughout the year. Also, you are able of visiting the beaches, the forests and mountainsand the deserts that exists around the country; everything depends on the type of adventure you want to have. Before ending this brief overview of Mexico, I want to clarify certain points about my country: - We do not use on a regular basis ponchos and hats to go outside. - The nachos are an invention of the northern part of the country and are more consumed by the Americans than by us. - Not all Mexicans eat spicy or avocado food or drink tequila. There are people who cannot tolerate these foods and drinks. - The tacos are always with corn tortilla. - The country is extremely multicultural; not all people are brown skin. - Chocolate was originated from our region. - The „Cinco de Mayo” is not an important holiday. - There are better beaches than Cancun. Last of all, I just want to invite you to learn more about this fantastic country. You can use your most trusted search navigator and browse what Mexico has for you. I assure you that you will be amazed with what it can offer. It is a country that does not disappoint the expectations of the people who visit it. There is always something that satisfies the needs of what individuals are going for. “Si los europeos sedujeron a los indios con espejos, cuentas de vidrio y birretes colorados, ahora somos nosotros los que revestidos de joyas indias seducimos a los europeos”. „If the Europeans seduced the indigenous people with mirrors, glass beads and red caps, now it is us who, dressed in indigenous jewelry, seduce the Europeans.” Writer: Fernando BENITEZ

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Russia Hello! My name is Nikita and I would like to write a few words about my country – Russia. It is the biggest country in the whole world. Russia is an unique country. Our country is well known around the world with its enormous territory, beautiful landscapes, Russian traditions, history, and ballet.

From generation to generation stories of great events and personalities are told. So thinking of native land we think about modern and former heroes: artists, musicians, writers and poets. For example well-known Fyodor Dostoevsky with his “Crime and Punishment”, Leo Tolstoy with ”War and Peace” and of course Alexander Pushkin with his poems. I love Russia and I proud with its endless fields, fertile forests, seas, rivers, lakes, cities and villages. I was born in city called Nizhny Novgorod, which is situated 250 miles away from Moscow and it’s know for Minin and Pozharski and their organization of army for the liberation of Moscow from the Poles. My city is also known for very popular Russian author Maxim Gorky. Russia is rich in beautiful lakes. The world’s deepest lake (1.600 meters) is Lake Baikal. It is much smaller than the Baltic Sea, but there is much more water in it than in the Baltic Sea. The water in the lake is so clear that if you look down you can count the stones on the bottom. Even Russian Holidays are very unique. The most popular holidays are New Year’s Eve and May’s holidays. After celebrating New Year we have one week of public holiday. Only buses and shops are working during this period. The table is usually served with Russian national salad “Olivie”, mandarins and of course alcohol – mainly Champagne and Vodka. The same situation is with the beginning of May – we have 1 week of public holidays in total. The Old New Year is the strangest and most confusing Russian holiday. It is celebrated on January 14th and marks the changing of the year according to the “old style” Julian calendar.

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For most Russians it’s just another chance to prolong winter holidays, to have a festive meal and to make New Year wishes. Russia is a multinational country, therefore divided into federated Republics, Autonomous provinces and districts. There are about two hundred different Nations who live here. They are Russians, Tatars, Bashkirs, Kazakhs, Azeris, Ukrainians, Jews, Chukchas and many others. They are all called the Russian citizens. We should live together peacefully, because we have one and the same country. Unfortunately, it is often different. I can speak about my country endlessly! I love my country and I’m so proud to represent my own country here at UITM. Writer: Nikita KHOLIN

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