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Pioneer square Street Concept Plans 01

RESEARCH

photo by Joe Iano / World Cup Viewing in Nord Alley, Pioneer Square

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02

INVENTORY


Executive Summary Research and Inventory Chapter 1 + 2

The Pioneer Square neighborhood is a premier Seattle landmark. Known for its historic buildings, unique shops, diverse community, and active public life, the neighborhood caters to residents and tourists alike. Many projects, both public and private, have been and are currently developing within the Pioneer Square Historic District. While these projects represent city- and neighborhood-wide improvements to infrastructure and transportation, without a clear vision they could potentially jeopardize the character and continuity of the neighborhood’s distinct public realm. This document empowers the Pioneer Square community by providing the information necessary to influence the trajectory of public realm design and by serving as a guide for future development. The first chapter of this document, Research, provides an overview of each ongoing project and plan that will affect the neighborhood. These pages include a short description, map, and potential impacts for the neighborhood. The information lends insight to future changes and highlights opportunities that the community can leverage to its benefit. The second chapter, Inventory, is an in-depth review of the public realm. It provides insight into characteristics of walkways, streets, public and private amenities, hazards, accessibility, materiality, human activity, and buildings that help define the public experience. This information illustrates neighborhood-wide trends that can inform future public realm designs. These two chapters provide a baseline understanding of the community’s public realm and existing streetscape. This information is critical in order to develop impactful street concept plans, to be found in the forthcoming Pioneer Square Street Concept Plans.


table of contents 01

Research

05 - 54

Projects + Plans Overview Projects + Plans Timeline Individual Projects + Plans Snapshot

02

Inventory Sidewalk + Street Conditions Building Edge Conditions Existing Streetscape Palette Obstructions to Pedestrian Flow Pedestrian Activities Social Media Review Intersection Conditions Alley Conditions

55 - 100

Project Team Leslie Smith, Alliance for Pioneer Square Lisa Dixon, Alliance for Pioneer Square Liz Stenning, Alliance for Pioneer Square Carl Leighty, Alliance for Pioneer Square Lesley Bain, Framework Jenny Kempson, Framework Mackenzie Waller, Framework Alexa McIntyre, Framework Donny Donoghue, Framework Darby Watson, SDOT Fangyuan Hong, UW Student Sarah Elwood, UW Geography Professor Filip Pankovcin, UW GIS Student Nathan So, UW GIS Student Luam Haile, UW GIS Student Haneen Al-Hassani, UW GIS Student Tianhao Sun, UW GIS Student

SPECIAL THANKS We appreciate all of the people who have assisted us in this work. Their contributions are helping make Pioneer Square a great place to live, work and be. Genna Nashem, DON Sam Woods, SDOT Dawn Schellenberg, SDOT Mike Shaw, SDOT Steve Pearce, SDOT Catherine Maggio, SDOT James Corner Field Operations Lisa Quinn, Feet First Grant Wojahn, Quote Wizard Jeff Lilly, Union Gospel Mission Made possible with support from the Office of Economic Development’s Only in Seattle Initiative.


01

RESEARCH Many projects have been and are currently developing in the Pioneer Square neighborhood of Seattle. This chapter provides an overview of each project with a short description, map, project boundary, and potential impacts to the neighborhood. The information provides insight to potential overlaps and highlights opportunities to leverage. Projects are identified in the following categories, represented by a symbol for each project spread.

W

Waterfront projects

T

Transportation projects

N

Neighborhood projects

C

citywide projects


projects + PLANS LIST PROJECTS, PLANS, POLICY/STUDY

PHASE

TIMEFRAME

ALLIANCE +

SDOT

In progress project

In Progress

x

x

x

In progress project

In Progress

x

x

x

Colman Dock Project

Plan/ Policy

Waterfront Seattle

Plan/ Policy

Elliott Bay Seawall

Alaskan Way Viaduct Replacement Project

Seattle Bicycle Master Plan Seattle Freight Master Plan

Plan/ Policy

2012-2022

2010-TBD

2014

In progress plan

2014-2015

Seattle Pedestrian Master Plan

Plan/ Policy

2009

Alley Network Project + Alley Corridor Project

In progress project

Downtown Seattle Public Spaces & Public Life Study Livable South Downtown Plan

Seattle Streetcar

Third Avenue Corridor Building Permits

King Street Station Multimodal Hub Strategy

In progress project

In Progress

x

x

Plan/ Policy

2009

x

x

Plan/ Policy

2009

In progress project

Plan/ Policy

2014-2016

2010-2015, ongoing

2003 - Ongoing

x

x

Plan/ Policy

2014

x

Pioneer Square Preservation District Rules

Plan/ Policy

Ongoing

x

Pioneer Square Retail Recruitment Plan Stadium District Study Bands of Green

Plan/ Policy Plan/ Policy

Plan/ Policy

Plan/ Policy

2014

2011-2012 2013

2007, update 2011

Complete Streets Ordinance

Plan/ Policy

2007

Pedestrian Lighting Citywide Plan

Plan/ Policy

2012

Parklet and Streatery Pilot Program

Plan/ Policy

Right of Way Improvements Manual

Plan/ Policy

Utilities: Seattle City Light

In progress project

Utilities: Denny Substation

Utilities: Seattle Public Utilities

ALLIANCE + ISI SDOT WSDOT DPD PARKS SCL SPU DON METRO

x

In progress project

In progress project

2013

2012 - ongoing

In Progress, ongoing

Alliance for Pioneer Square, ISI and other associated community groups and organizations International Sustainability Institute Seattle Department of Transportation Washington State Department of Transportation Seattle Department of Planning and Development Seattle Parks and Recreation Department Seattle City Light Seattle Public Utilities Seattle Department of Neighborhoods King County Metro Transit

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RESEARCH

PARKS

SCL

x

x

x

SPU

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x x

x

METRO

x

x

x

DON

x

x

Ongoing

In Progress, ongoing

x

DPD

x

x

Pioneer Square 2020 Neighborhood Plan (Inc. Pioneer Square 2015) Pioneer Square Active Streets Strategy

x

x

Plan/ Policy

In Progress

x

WSDOT

x

x

x x

x

x

x


Pioneer square projects and Plans ca

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MAP KEY PIONEER SQUARE

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WATERFRONT PROJECTS

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ALASKAN WAY TUNNEL BIKE LANES PRONTO BIKE SHARE LOCATIONS

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ALLEY NETWORK PROJECT ALLEYS ALLEY CORRIDOR PROJECT ALLEYS DOWNTOWN SEATTLE PUBLIC SPACES STUDY - FOCAL AREAS 7th Ave South

Maynard Ave South

6th Ave South

5th Ave South

4th Ave South

3rd Ave South

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2nd Ave South

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S. Jackson Street

Occidental Ave South

S. Main Street

1st Ave South

PIER 48

NEIGHBORHOOD PROJECTS

CHINATOWN/ INTERNATIONAL DISTRICT

KING STREET STATION AREA LIVABLE SOUTH DOWNTOWN PLAN PEDESTRIAN GATEWAYS

S. King Street

RETAIL CORE

S. King Street

TRANSIT HUBS Ra

PIONEER SQUARE PRESERVATION DISTRICT & 2020 NEIGHBORHOOD PLAN

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S. Weller Street

STADIUM DISTRICT STUDY

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PERMITS - ADDITIONS / ALTERATIONS

S. Lane Street

SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

PERMITS - CONSTRUCTION / DEMOLITION

CITYWIDE PROJECTS PIONEER SQUARE

Dearborn Street

EXISTING CITY PARKS

WATERFRONT PARK, PROPOSED N

NOT SHOWN ON MAP: SEATTLE PEDESTRIAN MASTER PLAN, COMPLETE STREETS ORDINANCE, PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING CITYWIDE PLAN, PIONEER SQUARE RETAIL RECRUITMENT PLAN, RIGHT OF WAY IMPROVEMENTS MANUAL, DENNY SUBSTATION, SEATTLE CITY LIGHT, SEATTLE PUBLIC UTILITIES

EXISTING PARKLET PROPOSED DENNY SUBSTATION TRANSMISSION LINES


Pioneer square projects AND PLANS timeline Downtown Seattle Public Spaces & Public life Study Livable South Downtown Plan

Pioneer Square Active Streets Strategy

Seattle Pedestrian Master Plan

Seattle Bicycle Master Plan

Pioneer Square Retail Recruitment Plan Pedestrian Lighting Citywide Plan Parklet and Streatery Pilot Plan Stadium District Study

Complete Streets Ordinance

Pioneer Square Active 2020 Neighborhood Plan

Bands of Green

Right of Way Improvements Manual Seattle Freight Master Plan

YEAR 20XX

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

15

Pioneer Square Preservation District King Street Station Multimodal Hub Strategy Seattle Streetcar Alley Network Project Alaskan Way Viaduct Replacement Tunnel

W T N C

aterfront Projects

Elliott Bay Seawall Waterfront Seattle

ransportation Projects

Denny Substation Colman Dock Project

eighborhood Projects itywide Projects

Third Avenue Corridor Alley Corridor Project

01 / PAGE 7

RESEARCH

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

TBD


COLMAN DOCK PROJECT

W

Phase / Plan Project Lead / Washington Department of Transportation (Washington State Ferries, Federal Highway Administration, Federal Transit Administration) Timeline / 2012-early 2015 – Environmental process/preliminary design 2015-2017 – Final design, permitting and procurement 2017-2022 – On-site construction Geography / Seattle Waterfront Status / Project timeline and start dependent on Alaskan Way Viaduct demolition Plan Overview The replacement of Washington State Ferry Terminal at Colman Dock, includes the main terminal building and the overall layout and design. WSF, FTA and FHWA plan to coordinate closely with other Seattle waterfront projects, including the Elliott Bay Seawall Replacement project, Waterfront Seattle program, and Alaskan Way Viaduct Replacement Program throughout the process in order to create an integrated and cohesive design. Plan Goals • Create an improved loading and unloading dock for ferry passengers (vehicular, bike and walkon) between Seattle and Kitsap County • Provide long term reliable service between Seattle and Kitsap County • Improve existing pedestrian connections to local transit service • Improve safety for pedestrians • Improve mobility for pedestrians Funding Currently the funding comes from a combination of local, state and federal funding sources. King County is responsible for securing funding for the replacement passenger-only ferry facility. Source: http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/projects/ferries/colmanmultimodalterminal/

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RESEARCH

What are the impacts... Colman dock is the most prominent entry point into Seattle, and Pioneer Square, from Kitsap County. The constant movement of pedestrians and vehicles through Colman dock means that Pioneer Square will see a consistent flow of activity. The Marion Street pedestrian overpass is the main pedestrian connection from Colman Dock to downtown Seattle, and its safety and reliability are crucial in maintaining the connection between Pioneer Square and Colman Dock. Opportunities: • Altered circulation • Improved interface with the waterfront

The Seattle/Bainbridge route is WSF’s busiest passenger route and has the largest annual ridership In 2013, Colman Dock served over 8.5 million riders, including 4.4 million foot passengers


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Alaskan Way Viaduct Replacement Tunnel

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Yesler Way

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TBD

6th Ave South

5th Ave South

4th Ave South

3rd Ave South

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S. Jackson Street

Occidental Ave South

S. Main Street

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PIER 48

Final Design, Permitting, & Procurement

S. King Street

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Bands of Green

SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

COLMANNetwork DOCK PROJECT Alley Project PIONEER SQUARE+ Alley Corridor Project

Dearborn Street

N


ELLIOTT BAY SEAWALL PROJECT Phase / Ongoing Project Project Lead / SDOT (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) Timeline / 2010 - 2016 Geography / Elliott Bay Waterfront Status / Construction

W What are the impacts...

Project Overview Replacement of the aging seawall along the waterfront from South Washington Street to Broad Street. The existing seawall was completed in 1934, and was constructed with timber piles. Now, the seawall is aging and the structure is weak. The new seawall will provide structural support for the new waterfront, will be built to current seismic standards, and is designed to last more than 75 years. The Mortenson-Manson Joint Venture team was selected by the City of Seattle as the general contractor/construction manager (GC/CM) for the Elliott Bay Seawall reconstruction project. Project Goals • The seawall will support major utilities, Alaskan Way and SR 99, the ferry terminal, rail lines, and Seattle’s future waterfront project • Stabilization to meet current seismic standards • Restore the function of a natural shoreline • Habitat enhancements Funding Various (including Washington State Gas Tax, Port of Seattle, Federal sources)/ongoing Source: http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/seawall.htm

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RESEARCH

The central seawall runs from South Washington Street in Pioneer Square north to the northern portion of Pier 63 (roughly Virginia Street). The new seawall will support the new waterfront that connects directly with Pioneer Square. Once the construction process is complete and the seawall is in place it will support the increased activity along the waterfront, as well as activity in Pioneer Square as it is an adjacent neighborhood and directly connected to the waterfront.

About 4 million people visit the Seattle waterfront every year The waterfront supports roughly 1,500 jobs


Alley Network Project ELLIOTT BAY SEAWALL PROJECT Bands of Green + et

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SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

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WATERFRONT SEATTLE

W

Phase / Plan Project Lead / City of Seattle (SDOT, SDPD, Seattle Parks, James Corner Field Operation) Timeline / 2010 - TBD Geography / Seattle Waterfront Status / Planning Plan Overview Redesign of the waterfront within the Alaskan Way/SR99 right of way between King Street and Battery Street. The project includes various new public spaces along the waterfront, new surface streets, bike trails, and pedestrian connections to downtown Seattle and Pioneer Square. Notable Elements: • • • • • • • • •

SEAWALL PROJECT - Already under construction, see Elliott Bay Seawall RAILROAD WAY - A pedestrian gateway linking the waterfront to Pioneer Square and the stadiums. Railroad Way will encourage new circulation and activities throughout the year and on game days at CenturyLink Field and Safeco Field. MAIN + WASHINGTON STREETS - Improvements to these streets in Pioneer Square between Alaskan Way and Occidental Avenue will make them a more pedestrian-friendly and accessible way to reach the waterfront. ALASKAN WAY + ELLIOTT WAY - A rebuilt Alaskan Way and new Elliott Way will serve all modes of travel and provide clear and safe pedestrian crossings and signalized intersections. CYCLE TRACK - A new two-way bike path located between the roadway and the promenade. COLUMBIA STREET - Improved sidewalks and transit corridor amenities will be added in place of the viaduct ramp to First Avenue. MARION STREET BRIDGE - A widened Marion Street pedestrian bridge between Alaskan Way and Western Avenue will better connect the large volume of travelers who commute via ferry from Colman Dock to downtown. PROMENADE - A promenade will extend north-south along the waterfront from Pine Street to Pioneer Square, providing space for recreation, as well as landscaping that manages stormwater and showcases native plants. WASHINGTON BOAT LANDING RESTORATION + REPLACEMENT - The pergola along the waterfront will be removed, protected, and restored

What are the impacts... Pioneer Square will be impacted in two primary ways. First, the project will attract more visitors to the waterfront. Second, the physical connections between the waterfront and the city that pass through Pioneer Square will alter the landscape of the neighborhood. The proposed beach restoration may be the most anticipated aspect of the waterfront relating to Pioneer Square, but the redevelopment of Washington and Main streets are also significant pieces of the project to watch. It will be crucial for the Alliance and stakeholders to coordinate desired design intentions and materials with the waterfront designers in order to create a cohesive design that relates back to the neighborhood. The physical connection between Pioneer Square and the waterfront will be a design challenge because the proposed roadway is approximately 100’ across to accommodate the various transportation modes, above and below ground. Opportunities: • Altered circulation • Improved interface with the waterfront • Streetscape improvements

Funding Various/ongoing private and public funding Source: http://waterfrontseattle.org/

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RESEARCH


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Final 30% Design

S. King Street

7th Ave South

2016

Maynard Ave South

6th Ave South

5th Ave South

4th Ave South

3rd Ave South

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Occidental Ave South

S. Main Street

1st Ave South

PIER 48

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Waterfront Seattle

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SEATTLE WATERFRONT PROJECT

SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

Dearborn Street

PIONEER SQUARE

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ALASKAN WAY VIADUCT REPLACEMENT TUNNEL Phase / Ongoing Project Project Lead / Washington State Department of Transportation, Seattle Tunnel Partners Timeline / 2009 - TBD Geography / From SODO to South Lake Union Status / Construction Project Overview Replacement of the existing Alaskan Way Viaduct that runs from South Holgate Street to the Battery Street Tunnel along the waterfront. The elevated viaduct will be replaced with a bored underground tunnel. The project is closely tied to the Elliott Bay Seawall Project and the Waterfront Seattle project. Project Goals • A two-mile-long tunnel beneath downtown Seattle. • A mile-long stretch of new highway that connects to the south entrance of the tunnel, near Seattle’s stadiums. • A new overpass at the south end of downtown that allows traffic to bypass train blockages near Seattle’s busiest port terminal. • Demolition of the viaduct’s downtown waterfront section. • A new Alaskan Way surface street along the waterfront that connects SR 99 to downtown. Funding Various sources, including state, federal and local sources (ex. Port of Seattle). Source: http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/projects/viaduct

T

What are the impacts... The construction phase of the project will impact Pioneer Square with increased noise, dust, and congestion, as well as a loss of parking. Once complete, the tunnel route goes beneath Pioneer Square, the central business district of Downtown, and Belltown. The removal of the viaduct will open up impressive views from Pioneer Square to Elliott Bay. Opportunities: • Altered surface street circulation • Improved interface with the waterfront

The tunnel route begins on Alaskan Way South south of South King Street The tunnel will have two 11-foot travel lanes with an eight-foot safety shoulder and a two-foot shoulder in each direction

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RESEARCH


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7th Ave South

Maynard Ave South

6th Ave South

5th Ave South

4th Ave South

3rd Ave South

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S. Jackson Street

Occidental Ave South

S. Main Street

1st Ave South

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ALASKAN WAY TUNNEL

SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

Dearborn Street

PIONEER SQUARE

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SEATTLE BICYCLE MASTER PLAN Phase / Plan, Project Project Lead / SDOT Timeline / 2014 Geography / Citywide Status / Adopted, Ongoing Construction

T What are the impacts...

Policy Overview The Seattle Bicycle Master Plan (BMP) states that riding a bicycle is a comfortable and integral part of daily life in Seattle for people of all ages and abilities. The Seattle Bicycle Master Plan (BMP) aspires to encourage and accommodate more people to ride a bicycle. Policy Goals • Increase ridership • Improve rider safety • Increase connectivity and bicycle network • Increase bicycling equity • Increase livability by creating a safe and welcoming bicycling environment Funding Funding comes from various sources including Seattle Capital Improvement Program (CIP), street improvement projects using the Complete Streets standards, and from grant funding by SDOT.

By increasing the bicycling network and safety in Pioneer Square, more residents and visitors will be inclined to ride to, from, and within the neighborhood. It will be an attraction and will bring increased activity to the neighborhood. Bicycling infrastructure and the Seattle Waterfront cycle track will need to be considered with development in Pioneer Square. In 2014 a Protected Bike Lane was installed on 2nd Ave between Pike Street and Yesler Way. Also in 2014, a temporary bike lane was installed on 2nd Ave Extension to Yesler Way. Seattle’s Pronto bike share program is new and gaining popularity. As of now, there are two bike share stations in Pioneer Square. Pronto allows more residents and visitors to utilize the existing bicycle network, and associated businesses will benefit from and strengthen the areas status as a cycling destination. Bicyclists will also use Pronto as a transportation mode getting to and from the stadiums.

Source: www.seattle.gov/transportation/bikemaster.htm

Opportunities: • Improvement of bike and pedestrian safety along 2nd Ave Extension • Design elements for permanent bike lane (planters, bollards, curbs, etc...)

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RESEARCH


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SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

BIKE LANES PRONTO BIKE SHARE LOCATIONS Stadium District Study

Dearborn Street

PIONEER SQUARE

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SEATTLE FREIGHT MASTER PLAN Phase / Plan Project Lead / SDOT Timeline / 2014 to 2015 Geography / Citywide Status / Draft Master Plan, Ongoing

T What are the impacts...

Policy Overview The Seattle Freight Master Plan (FMP) aims to provide a 20-year blueprint for safe and reliable delivery of urban truck freight in Seattle. The FMP will play a critical role in meeting citywide goals regarding economic productivity, social equity, sustainability, and livable neighborhoods. Plan Goals • Update the current freight network map • Develop design guidelines for major truck streets • Propose policies, programs, and projects that will maximize the efficiency of Seattle freight • Prioritize future improvements • Successfully integrate the FMP with the goals of the transit, bike, and pedestrian master plans Funding Funding for planning was included in the Seattle Capital Improvement Program (CIP)

Pioneer Square is critically situated between Downtown and the Port of Seattle. By providing a structured framework for the designation, funding, and design of the freight network, the FMP will help provide safer and more reliable truck movement on major truck streets. This will help alleviate traffic neighborhood-wide and will prioritize walking, biking, and transit use on other streets. Design and development along major trucks streets in Pioneer Square - notably Alaskan Way and segments of 1st Ave S, Yesler Way, and S Jackson St - will need to consider the design guidelines put in place by the FMP. Opportunities: • Isolation of primary freight traffic to major truck streets • Input into design guidelines, network, and priorities of future investmen

Source: www.seattle.gov/transportation/freight_fmp.htm

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RESEARCH


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Seattle Freight Master Plan

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2015 7th Ave South

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4th Ave South

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Final Plan, Improvements ongoing

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MAJOR TRUCK STREETS

SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

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SEATTLE PEDESTRIAN MASTER PLAN Phase / Long Term Action Plan Master Plan Seattle Bicycle Project Lead / SDOT Timeline / 2009 Geography / Citywide Status / Implemented on a project by project basis Plan Overview 2014 The Seattle Pedestrian Master Plan provides guiding principles for the City of Seattle to improve pedestrian facilities throughout the city. It looks at the overriding goals related to walkability in Seattle. The plan also provides an analysis for how to prioritize projects which can be funded by annual improvement projects, such as the Bridging the Gap levy. Plan Goals • To make Seattle the most walkable city in the Nation • Increase pedestrian safety • Increase equity • Create a vibrant public realm • Raise health awareness Ongoing

Seattle City Light

What are the impacts...

T Seattle Pedestrian Master Plan

PROJECT TIMELINE

The plan proposes general components that support walkable environments throughout the city. It does not make specific design recommendations, but the “pedestrian toolbox’ is a collection of urban design facilities, strategies, and elements2015 that can be implemented to improve the pedestrian environmentOngoing and advance the goals of the Pedestrian Master Plan.

2009 Implemented on a project by project basis

Opportunities: • Design elements for improved walkways (paving, crosswalks, curb cuts, etc...)

Funding Adopted, The Seattle Pedestrian Master Plan projects are funded Ongoing by the 2006 Bridging the Gap transportation levy Construction (estimated to provide approximately $60 million from 2009 - 2014). Source: http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/pedestrian_masterplan/

Stadium District Study

Third Avenue Corridor

Waterfront Seattle

01 / PAGE 20

2013 RESEARCH

University to Stewart 10% Design

2010


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01 / PAGE 21

RESEARCH


SEATTLE STREETCAR

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Phase / Long Term Action Plan, Ongoing Project Project Lead / SDOT, Operated by King County Metro Transit Timeline / 2007 (SLU Streetcar opened) - Ongoing Geography / Citywide Status / Construction and Planning

What are the impacts...

Project Overview The Seattle Streetcar Network will be a system of streetcar lines that will expand outward from downtown Seattle. The First Hill Streetcar will connect Pioneer Square with Capitol Hill via Chinatown, Little Saigon, Yesler Terrace, and First Hill. Construction began in April 2012 with expected operation in July 2015. The First Hill Streetcar Line will operate between Pioneer Square and Capitol Hill via S Jackson St, 14th Ave E, E Yesler Way and Broadway. The First Hill Line will also serve major sporting event venues (CenturyLink and Safeco fields), medical centers (Harborview, Swedish and Virginia Mason), and institutions of higher learning (Seattle Central College and Seattle University). The Center City Connector streetcar (also called the First Avenue Streetcar) is planned to extend from Westlake Station to King Street Station, via First Ave and Jackson Street. It will serve downtown Seattle, Pike Place Market, the Seattle Art Museum, the Olympic Sculpture Park, Lower Queen Anne, Belltown, Pioneer Square, and Chinatown/ID neighborhoods. In July 2014, the Seattle City Council approved a resolution adopting the Center City Connector streetcar as the preferred option for connecting the South Lake Union Streetcar with the First Hill Streetcar. Project Goals • Connect the residential neighborhoods and business districts of Capitol Hill, First Hill, Yesler Terrace, Central Area, Chinatown/ID and Pioneer Square • Support economic growth and strengthen citywide transportation connections Funding Various (City of Seattle, Sound Transit, Seattle Public Utilities) Source: www.seattlestreetcar.org/

01 / PAGE 22

RESEARCH

The First Hill Streetcar will connect Pioneer Square with Capitol Hill, and the Center City Connector streetcar is planned to connect the South Lake Union Streetcar with the First Hill Streetcar. This connection will take place in Pioneer Square. The insertion of the streetcar along 1st Ave will decrease parking, but will provide immense opportunities to improve the existing streetscape and create a more walkable public realm. Opportunities: • Altered surface street circulation • Improvement of pedestrian safety and accessibility at stops and along routes


SEATTLE STREETCAR Plan

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ELLIOTT BAY ve dA

2015

Ongoing Construction and planning

7th Ave South

S. King Street

First Hill Streetcar Maynard Ave South

6th Ave South

5th Ave South

4th Ave South

3rd Ave South

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Occidental Ave South

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1st Ave South

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Implemented on a project by project basis

CHINATOWN/ INTERNATIONAL DISTRICT

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STREETCAR STOPS

Third Avenue Corridor

S. Lane Street

Waterfront Seattle

CENTRAL LINE STREETCAR Dearborn Street

SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT 2013 University to Stewart 10% Design

FIRST HILL STREETCAR

2010

PIONEER SQUARE

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THIRD AVENUE CORRIDOR

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Phase / Plan Project Lead / SDOT, King County Metro Transit Timeline / 2013 - THIRD AVENUE // University to Stewart 10% Design 2014 - Concept 30% Design 2016 - Final 30% Design Geography / Pioneer Square (reaches north to Stewart Street) Status / Planning

What are the impacts...

Plan Overview Third Avenue is downtown Seattle’s most used transit corridor. The Third Avenue Transit Corridor Improvements Project is part of a larger plan to create a vibrant, safe, and thriving Third Avenue. It will improve transit functionality and create a more welcoming urban environment along the corridor between Denny Way and Jackson Street in downtown Seattle. Plan Goals • Create an improved Third Avenue that incorporates transit, pedestrian safety and experience and economic activity. Funding Both local and federal funds contribute to the project. The City of Seattle and King County Metro Transit both allocated local funds to match federal grants that provide funding for design and construction. Source: http://metro.kingcounty.gov/programs-projects/third-avenue-corridor/

01 / PAGE 24

RESEARCH

The project will improve multimodal efficiency and pedestrian safety along Third Avenue and in Pioneer Square. It will also improve the connections to the central business district. Opportunities: • Improvement of sidewalk conditions, pedestrian safety and accessibility • Potential to add a permanent parklet and to fix sidewalks along Third Ave

More than 2,500 buses travel the corridor every weekday, and about 42,000 people board at bus stops on the corridor each day


THIRD AVENUE CORRIDOR et

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Occidental Ave South

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CHINATOWN/ INTERNATIONAL DISTRICT

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THIRD AVE CORRIDOR

SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

Dearborn Street

PIONEER SQUARE

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ALLEY NETWORK PROJECT + ALLEY CORRIDOR PROJECT ANP Phase / Ongoing Project ANP Project Lead / Alley Network Project, International Sustainability Institute, Alliance for Pioneer Square ANP Timeline / 2008 - Ongoing ANP Geography / Pioneer Square ANP Status / Events and Planning ANP Project Overview The Alley Network Project utilizes the neighborhood alleys as outdoor gathering spaces for events, art exhibits, gatherings and more. The project was designed to enliven the alleys and make them integrated with the greater Pioneer Square street grid. In 2012 The Seattle Integrated Alley Handbook: Activating Alleys for a Lively City was created to help better understand how alleys are a crucial part of the city and could contribute to a lively, healthy, safe and an environmentally friendly city. The study provided research and recommendations for Seattle’s alley network. Other publications include the Alley Event Handbook (2012) and Set up Shop in Historic Alleys, Chinatown ID and Pioneer Square Collaboration (2015) Funding City of Seattle Neighborhood Matching Fund program, local businesses, and Historic South Downtown have helped fund Alley Network projects and events. ACP Phase / Plan ACP Project Lead / SDOT, Alliance for Pioneer Square, International Sustainability Institute ACP Timeline / 2013 - Ongoing ACP Geography / Pioneer Square ACP Status / Ongoing The Alley Corridor Project aims to restore alley surfaces to new standards and retrofit streets with lighting and new underground utility infrastructure. The design is led by SvR Design with Olson Kundig Architects and Leni Schwendinger Light Projects Ltd. This project received approval to restore the surface from the Pioneer Square Preservation Board in 2015. Nord Alley and Pioneer Passage are pilot alleys with the approved design serving as a template for future alley restoration. Funding Department of Neighborhoods (design) and EHWA Transportation Alternatives program (TAP). Source: http://alleynetworkproject.com/; http://isiseattle.org/files/2013/06/2013.11.07-Presentation_FINAL-web.pdf

01 / PAGE 26

RESEARCH

What are the impacts... The Alley Network Project is a strong cultural component to the vibrancy of Pioneer Square. It’s ongoing support and improvement to the arts and cultural character of the neighborhood. The outdoor public gathering space the alleys provide also positively brings people and activity into the public realm. The Alley Corridor Project will bring new life and interest to the streets of Pioneer Square. With improved physical conditions (surfacing, facade improvement, lighting and utilities) there will be increased safety, more events and activities, as well as increased interest in the Alley Network programs. There are also numerous economic and business opportunities that go along with the physical alley improvements. Opportunities: • Increase visibility, safety, and activity in alleys • Encourage businesses and development adjacent to alleys • Potential to repave and clean-up alleys in poor condition

N


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Alley Corridor Project 2011 Update 7th Ave South

Maynard Ave South

6th Ave South

5th Ave South

4th Ave South

3rd Ave South

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1st Ave South

S. Jackson Street

2013 CHINATOWN/ INTERNATIONAL DISTRICT

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On Going

S. King Street

ad ilro Ra

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y Wa

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Update

ELLIOTT BAY

S. Main Street

on

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CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT

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N Alley Network Project + Alley Corridor Project

uth

So S. Lane Street

PIONEER SQUARE ALLEYS ALLEY CORRIDOR PROJECT ALLEYS

SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

Dearborn Street

PIONEER SQUARE

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Downtown Seattle public spaces & public life study Phase / Study Project Lead / City of Seattle (ISI, UW Green Futures Lab, Gehl Architects) Timeline / 2009 Geography / Downtown Seattle. Status / Complete Study Overview The study looks at Seattle’s pedestrian spaces in order to create an improved and more ecological urban environment for the city, its residents and visitors. The study introduces a new way of recording and understanding the importance of public life in an urban context. Funding NA Key Insights and Recommendations on Pioneer Square from the Study 1. Pioneer Square has high pedestrian activity and it is surprising that there are no pedestrian crossing signals. page 24 2. King Street Station has a number of issues including lack of wayfinding, welcoming to the city, accessibility and no outdoor waiting facilities. page 32 & 33 3. Pioneer Square is part of the downtown where one feels invited to walk, as well as stay and enjoy the streetscape, the squares, the history and ambiance. page 45 4. Downtown alleys have the potential for strengthening the public realm and increased pedestrian invitations. Alleys in Pioneer Square Historic District in particular are human scaled and have much potential for more active pedestrian use. page 48 5. There are gaps in the downtown green network especially along 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Avenues, parts of Pioneer Square and the norther study area. There are a number of streets and sporadic tree canopies. page 56 6. Pioneer Square is dominated by people sitting on benches, waiting for transport or simply standing. Occidental Park and Mall have many commercial activities and people sitting in cafe chairs. page 81 Source: http://www.seattle.gov/council/attachments/2010_publicspaces_publiclife.pdf

01 / PAGE 28

RESEARCH

What are the impacts... The findings of the Downtown Seattle Public Spaces and Public Life Study will need to be considered in future Pioneer Square development. To consider for making lively public spaces: • • • • • •

Long term stays Balance between road users A variety of public spaces A variety of use groups A strong pedestrian network Planning for various public activities

Opportunities: • Draw from recommendations to improve pedestrian crossings, wayfinding, gateways, scale, tree cover, and seating

N


Colman Dock Project Complete Streets Ordiance life study Downtown SeattleNPublic Downtown Seattle public spaces & public Spaces & Public Study et

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2009

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PROJECT TIMELINE

CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT

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CHINATOWN/ INTERNATIONAL 2015 DISTRICT Vision zero

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Final Design, Permitting, & BAY ELLIOTT Procurement

S. Washington Street

Ex

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6th Ave South

5th Ave South

4th Ave South

3rd Ave South

th

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On-siteS. Main Street Construction

1st Ave South

PIER 48

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2015-2022

S. King Street

ilro Ra

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ad th

ou yS Wa

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Alley Network Project + Alley Corridor Project

S. Lane Street

DOWNTOWN SEATTLE FULL STUDY AREA King Street Station MultiMAIN STUDY FOCAL AREAS modal Hub Strategy PIONEER SQUARE

Elliot Bay Seawall Project SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

Dearborn Street

N


King Street Station Multimodal Hub Strategy Phase / Plan Project Lead / SDOT Timeline / 2003 - Ongoing Geography / Pioneer Square Status / Ongoing

N

What are the impacts...

Plan Overview The plan evaluates existing and planned modes of transportation including transit, freight, pedestrian and bicycle traffic in order to develop transportation alternatives and improvements where applicable. Project Goals • To make the hub easy to use: The hub should be easy to use for residents and visitors • To make the hub accessible: Connections within the hub should be designed for people of all abilities • To make the hub connected: The hub should connect as many transit systems and routes as possible within the shortest distance possible • To make the hub embedded: The hub should offer convenient access to adjacent areas of Center City • To make the hub iconic: The hub should be iconic and memorable Funding NA Source: http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/kingstreethub.htm

01 / PAGE 30

RESEARCH

The ongoing improvement of the King Street Station and transportation hub will help improve citywide transportation connections to and from Pioneer Square. Opportunities: • Draw from recommendations to improve wayfinding, pedestrian circulation, and accessibility to transit • Circulation changes at 4th Avenue South and Jackson Street, and 2nd Avenue Extension


Elliot Bay Hub Seawall Strategy Project AlleyStreet Network Project King Station Multimodal + et

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Construction CHINATOWN/ INTERNATIONAL DISTRICT

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S. Washington Street

2016

Complete S. King Street

Ongoing

S. King Street

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7th Ave South

Maynard Ave South

6th Ave South

5th Ave South

4th Ave South

3rd Ave South

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S. Jackson Street

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PROJECT TIMELINE

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King Street Station NMultimodal Hub Strategy

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KING STREET STATION AREA

SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

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N


LIVABLE SOUTH DOWNTOWN PLAN Phase / Policy Project Lead / DPD Timeline / 2009 Geography / South Downtown Status / Adopted

N What are the impacts...

Policy Overview The Livable South Downtown Plan was initiated by Mayor Greg Nichols in 2005 to study potential land use and zoning changes that will encourage investment in South Downtown neighborhoods. In 2010 area wide zoning changes were made. New guidelines allow taller buildings and more residential development in Pioneer Square, Chinatown, Japantown, Little Saigon and Stadium District. The recommendations combine smart growth, economic investment, historic preservation, and community character to create a truly vibrant neighborhood Policy Goals • Support the goals and policies of neighborhood plans and the Seattle Comprehensive Plan • Increase allowable heights and densities in certain areas of South Downtown • Encourage investment in jobs and residences • Create new programs to encourage rehabilitation of historic buildings, new open space, and affordable housing • Strengthen the pedestrian-orientation and design of future projects • Require environmental performance of future construction projects Funding NA Source: http://www.seattle.gov/dpd/vault/cs/groups/pan/@pan/documents/web_informational/s048359.pdf

01 / PAGE 32

RESEARCH

Some of the objectives for future land use related to Pioneer Square are: • • • • • •

Protect and preserve historic buildings and the historic character of the Pioneer Square neighborhood Support the emergence of a significant residential community in Pioneer Square particularly for market rate and affordable workforce housing Provide incentives for redevelopment of vacant and under-developed nonhistoric parcels Encourage employment density near the transit hub of King Street Station Facilitate redevelopment of the CenturyLink Stadium North Lot Improve the pedestrian experience and quality of public spaces within and around Pioneer Square

Opportunities: • Draw from recommendations to activate the public realm, promote historic preservation efforts, and increase public open space


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4th Ave South

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ou

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PIER 48

S. King Street

Ra ad

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LIVABLE SOUTH DOWNTOWN PLAN, PIONEER SQUARE

th ou

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SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

LIVABLE SOUTH DOWNTOWN PLAN, SURROUNDING ZONES

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PIONEER SQUARE

N

Pioneer Square2020 Neighborhood Plan


PIONEER SQUARE 2020 NEIGHBORHOOD PLAN Phase / Policy Project Lead / Alliance for Pioneer Square Timeline / 2010 - 2020 (Includes 2015 Plan) Geography / Pioneer Square Status / Ongoing

What are the impacts...

Policy Overview The 2020 Pioneer Square neighborhood plan consists of the priorities and actions needed to create a vibrant commercial business district. The result is a document made up of strategies that address key issues regarding economic growth, retail mix, and business strength in Pioneer Square. Funding Office of Economic Development’s Only in Seattle Initiative Key Recommendations from the Study, 2015 update (page 2) Community Actions 1. Actively engage businesses and property owners in supporting economic growth 2. Build the neighborhood’s organizational development and advocacy capacity 3. Focus on the district’s historic building assets and enhance the built environment 4. Effectively market, brand and promote Pioneer Square City Actions 1. Ensure an environment of public safety and civility 2. Support Pioneer Square’s historic buildings and a positive development environment 3. Provide economic development support and investment 4. Provide supportive utility, parking, and transportation infrastructure Source: http://allianceforpioneersquare.org/what-we-do/neighborhood-plan/

01 / PAGE 34

RESEARCH

Created by the Alliance for Pioneer Square to identify the neighborhoods primary needs and opportunities. The primary focus areas are: • • • • •

Built Environment & Pedestrian Realm Street Civility & Public Safety Business & Retail Development Capacity Building & Advocacy Marketing & Promotion of our Cultural Assets

Opportunities: • Draw from recommendations to increase walkability, density, and historic preservation efforts

N


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PIONEER SQUARE 2020 NEIGHBORHOOD PLAN

Dearborn Street

PIONEER SQUARE

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PIONEER SQUARE ACTIVE STREETS STRATEGY Phase / Plan Project Lead / ISI, Alliance for Pioneer Square Timeline / 2013, 2014 update Geography / Pioneer Square Status / Ongoing

What are the impacts...

Plan Overview With ongoing development and construction projects in Pioneer Square, ISI saw an opportunity to promote well coordinated active public spaces. In order to help coordinate the numerous projects, ISI created a list of recommendations to improve street conditions, accessibility, and safety. Plan Goals • To take on the ground inventory of improvement opportunities in Pioneer Square. • To make recommendations based on the data collected for future work to be done. Funding With help from the Alliance for Pioneer Square, ISI worked to identify funding and to submit grants in order to get the work done. So far there have been good results, and more than half of the recommended improvements from the Active Streets Strategy are funded or pending funding. Source: http://isiseattle.org/projects/active-streets/

01 / PAGE 36

RESEARCH

The ISI Active Streets Strategy is a living collection of the street improvement opportunities within the neighborhood. By taking on the ground inventory of the existing street conditions, the study made a clear list of recommendations to be implemented and conditions to be improved. Currently, the strategy is succeeding with various improvements already funded and addressed and funding pending approval for many of the recommendations. Opportunities: • Grant opportunities

N


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Pioneer Square Active Streets Strategy TIMELINE PROJECT

DISTRICT

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Maynard Ave South

6th Ave South

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4th Ave South

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On Going

Occidental Ave South

S. Main Street

1st Ave South

PIER 48

Update

CHINATOWN/ INTERNATIONAL DISTRICT

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On Going

Project by project basis

S. King Street

S. King Street

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TRANSIT HUBS

ad

PIER 46

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or-

PIONEER SQUARE ACTIVE STREETS STRATEGY

PEDESTRIAN GETAWAYS

S. Lane Street

RETAIL CORE

SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

Pioneer Square Preservation District

Dearborn Street

Pioneer SquareRetail Recruitment Plan

PIONEER SQUARE

N

Right of Way Improvements Manual


PIONEER SQUARE BUILDING PERMITS Phase / Approved Permits Project Lead / Seattle Department of Planning and Development (DPD) Timeline / Ongoing; data shown from 2010 to 2015 Geography / Pioneer Square Status / Ongoing

N What are the impacts...

Overview Over the past 5 years a number of large and small permitted developments and building improvements have occurred in Pioneer Square. The neighborhood supports increased residential development and density, yet the cumulative impact of construction affects the continuity of public space and increases traffic congestion. Funding Funding is project specific

Every alteration or major construction project in Pioneer Square contributes to the immediate and long-term character of the neighborhood. Many projects have an exterior or public component, and should be coordinated with the Alliance to ensure compliance with historic preservation and design guidelines. Opportunities: • Improvements to building frontages, sidewalks, alleys, and streets

Source: http://www.seattle.gov/dpd/permits/default.htm

01 / PAGE 38

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2013 t

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Stormwater CHINATOWN/ Management INTERNATIONAL Plan DISTRICT

Ongoing

Updates, implementation ongoing

On Going

7th Ave South

Maynard Ave South

6th Ave South

5th Ave South

4th Ave South

3rd Ave South

S. King Street

th

Transmission line construction begins, ongoing

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2018

S. Jackson Street

2nd Ave South

S. Main Street

Occidental Ave South

Substation completed

Final Plan, Improvements ongoing

1st Ave South

2017 PIER 48

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Solid Waste Management Plan (2011 revision)

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PROJECT TIMELINE

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Building Permits

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ADDITIONS / ALTERATIONS NEW CONSTRUCTION / DEMOLITION

SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

Dearborn Street

PIONEER SQUARE

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PIONEER SQUARE PRESERVATION DISTRICT Phase / Policy Project Lead / Seattle Department of Neighborhoods Timeline / Ongoing Geography / Pioneer Square Status / Ongoing

N What are the impacts...

Policy Overview The Pioneer Square Preservation Board was created to advise the Director of the Department of Neighborhoods. The volunteer board recommends appropriate use, site development and architecture of the private and public buildings and use of the public space. The Board may also make recommendations to the Mayor, the City Council, and any public or private agencies concerning land use and social issues in the District. For details refer to: Rules for the Pioneer Square Preservation District Policy Goals • To preserve the history and unique architectural character of new and ongoing development in Pioneer Square Funding NA Source: http://www.seattle.gov/neighborhoods/preservation/PioneerSquareGuidelines.pdf

Since 1970, historic districts have been established in Seattle. Any new business or service must be reviewed and approved by the Pioneer Square Preservation Board and Department of Neighborhoods Director before any other permits will be issued by the City. This is unique to Pioneer Square and ensures that the neighborhood character will prosper. Any proposed street improvements will need to be approved by the Preservation Board. Design elements to be reviewed and approved: • Any change to exterior of any structure • A new sign or a change to an existing sign • New construction, demolition of any structure • Any change in the public rights-of-way including public spaces such as parks and sidewalks Opportunities: • Process enables approval of improved streetscapes

01 / PAGE 40

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PIONEER SQUARE PRESERVATION DISTRICT et

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Pioneer Square2020 Neighborhood Plan FIRST HILL

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PROJECT TIMELINE

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Pioneer Square Preservation District

CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT

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Ongoing

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2020

7th Ave South

Maynard Ave South

6th Ave South

5th Ave South

4th Ave South

3rd Ave South

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Occidental Ave South

S. Main Street

1st Ave South

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SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

PIONEER SQUARE PRESERVATION DISTRCIT

Dearborn Street

PIONEER SQUARE

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PIONEER SQUARE RETAIL RECRUITMENT PLAN Pioneer Square2020 Neighborhood Plan Phase / Plan Project Lead / Alliance for Pioneer Square, Downtown Works Timeline / 2011 Geography / Pioneer Square Status / Plan complete, Program Ongoing2010

Policy Overview In 2011 the Alliance for Pioneer Square hired Downtown Works to create a strategy and implementation program that would help generate and sustain a mix of shops and restaurants in Seattle’s historic Pioneer Square. Policy Goals • To identify the strengths and weaknesses of the retail environment in Pioneer Square

Pioneer Square Preservation District

What are the impacts... A vibrant retail scene makes for a thriving economy in Pioneer Square. With careful planning, the neighborhood can continue to increase its retail vibrancy and economy.

N Pioneer SquareRetail Recruitment Plan

PROJECT TIMELINE 2011 Plan complete

Opportunities: 2015 • Used to launch the retail recruitment program Ongoing in Pioneer Square.

Funding NA Source: http://allianceforpioneersquare.org/what-we-do/retail2020 recruitment-plan/

On Going Program ongoing

01 / PAGE 42

RESEARCH


STADIUM DISTRICT STUDY Phase / Policy Project Lead / DPD Timeline / 2011 Geography / Stadium District SODO Status / Policy Overview The study, created by DPD, presented eight recommendations to promote a unique stadium district with increased vibrancy, safety and programming. The plan encourages an increase of residential dwellings in the Stadium District.

N

What are the impacts...

Stadium District Study

PROJECT TIMELINE

The study proposes for more people to live and play in the SoDo stadium district. The plan compliments Pioneer Square by bringing more residential dwellings into the neighborhood. 2011

Policy Goals • To alter current SoDo land use codes in order to create a “destination sports and entertainment district”. • To increase residential housing capacity

Complete

2

C 30

Funding NA Source: http://www.seattle.gov/DPD/cs/groups/pan/@pan/ documents/web_informational/p1903793.pdf

01 / PAGE 43

RESEARCH


BANDS OF GREEN

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Phase / Policy Project Lead / Seattle Parks Foundation and SDOT Timeline / 2007, 2009 update, 2011 update Geography / Citywide Status / Project by project basis

What are the impacts...

Policy Overview The goal of Bands of Green is to connect Seattle’s parks to create a connected network of parkland, linear parks and greenways, throughout the city. The plan was inspired by the linear parks and greenways of the Olmsted Plan for Seattle. Policy Goals • Beautify the city • Improve safety of public thoroughfares for pedestrians and bicyclists • Diversify and expand the routes available to pedestrians and bicyclists • Add greenery and public space to city neighborhoods • Encourage use of underused parks • Relieve overcrowding of existing trails and streets by expanding the available network

Better park and green street connectivity through and around Pioneer Square will increase safety and act as another attraction to the neighborhood. The existing parks that could be connected in Pioneer Square are Occidental Park and City Hall Park, which could connect to Kobe Terrace Park to the east. Looking farther afield, the parks along I-90 could create a strong connection to Lake Washington and the Mountains to Sound Greenway Trail. The Waterfront Seattle project will be a major connection along Elliott Bay and north along the waterfront.

Funding NA Source: https://www.seattleparksfoundation.org/file/2014/step-up/Bands-of-Green-Final-Plan-2007.pdf

01 / PAGE 44

RESEARCH

Opportunities: • Improved interface with the waterfront


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PROJECT TIMELINE

CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT

2009

t

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Update

Yesler Way

ELLIOTT BAY

CHINATOWN/ INTERNATIONAL DISTRICT

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S. Washington Street

Update 7th Ave South

Maynard Ave South

6th Ave South

5th Ave South

4th Ave South

3rd Ave South

S. King Street

ad ilro Ra

S. Weller Street

y Wa

PIER 46

th

2nd Ave South

S. King Street

ou

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S. Jackson Street

Occidental Ave South

S. Main Street

1st Ave South

PIER 48

2011

uth

So S. Lane Street

SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

EXISTING CITY PARKS WATERFRONT PARK, PROPOSED PIONEER SQUARE

Dearborn Street

N


COMPLETE STREETS ORDINANCE Colman Dock Project

Alaskan Way Viaduct Replacement Tunnel Phase / Policy Project Lead / SDOT Timeline / 2007 Geography / Citywide Status / Ongoing 2009

Policy Overview The Complete Streets Ordinance guides the Seattle Department of Transportation (SDOT) to design streets for pedestrians, bicyclists, transit riders, and persons of all abilities, while promoting safe operation for all users. This program aligns with Seattle’s 2015 Vision Zero Plan, a comprehensive platform to end traffic deaths and serious injuries by 2030. Policy Goals • The highest priority is safety - Design Seattle’s streets to promote safe and convenient access and travel for all use • The second priority is mobility

What are the impacts... The Complete Streets Ordinance supports diverse modes of transportaiton in street design, including walking, biking and public transit. This is important in Pioneer Square since it2012-2015 is a major hub that hosts a broad spectrum of Environmental transportation modes.

C Complete Streets Ordiance PROJECT TIMELINE 2007 Ordinance adopted

Process

Preliminary Opportunities: Design • Draw from recommendations to 2015-2017improve quality of streetscape for multiple modes of travel

Final Design, Permitting, & Procurement

2015-2022

2015 Vision zero

On-site Construction

Funding NA

TBD

On Going

Construction Source: http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/completeStreets.htm; http://www.seattle.gov/visionzero

Bands of Green

Alley Network Project + Alley Corridor Project 01 / PAGE 46

RESEARCH

Elliot Bay Seawall Project


PARKLET PROGRAM Downtown Seattle Public and STREATERY PILOT PROGRAM Spaces & Public Study

Phase / Plan, Policy, Project Project Lead / SDOT Timeline / 2013 - Ongoing Geography / Citywide Status / Ongoing Policy Overview Parklets convert on-street parking spots into public spaces for all Seattle residents and visitors to enjoy. They increase our city’s public open space, and have added to the vitality of neighborhoods throughout 2009 the city. Parklets, which are privately-funded and maintained, activate streets, create more vibrant Complete neighborhoods, and support economic vitality. Following a successful evaluation of the pilot program in 2015, SDOT made the Parklet Program permanent and launched the Streatery Pilot Program to test new activation opportunities for parklets. The streateries will be evaluated as the Parklets were before a permanent program is considered. Policy Goals • Provide privately-maintained public spaces for people to read, sip a cup of coffee or enjoy a bite to eat, and socialize. • Parklets convert on-street parking spaces into community gathering places, creating more vibrant commercial districts. • Streateries are a new way to support these goals while also responding to the demand for more outdoor café seating in Seattle, particularly in areas where sidewalks are too narrow for sidewalk cafés.

Livable South Downtown Plan

What are the impacts... Parklets provide public space for all users to enjoy. They act as an extension of the sidewalk and promote social and economic activity. While Pioneer Square has existing public space, adding Parklets and Streateries would add 2009 to the type of spaces available. With so much pedestrian and street Adopted activity in Pioneer Square, the introduction of Streateries would be especially popular in the warmer months with both residents and visitors.

C

Parklet Program and Stratery Pilot Program

PROJECT TIMELINE 2013

Opportunities: • Potential to increase public space network and enhance economic activity On Going

Funding Street Station PrivatelyKing funded per project

Multimodal Hub Strategy

Source: http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/parklets.htm

01 / PAGE 47 Pioneer Square2020 Neighborhood Plan RESEARCH

Pioneer Square Preservation District


PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING CITYWIDE PLAN Livable South Downtown Plan Phase / Policy Project Lead / SDOT Timeline / 2012 - Ongoing Geography / Citywide Status / Project by project basis Policy Overview The plan supports the Pedestrian Master Plan and most significantly looks at lighting located in the City of Seattle right of way. The lighting principles can guide lighting in privately owned spaces as well.2009 Adopted Policy Goals • To provide a data driven plan to placing pedestrian lighting the right of way to increase safety, security, economic development and access. • To improve how the City of Seattle plans for and designs lighting for pedestrian safety and environment.

Parklet Program and Stratery Pilot Program

What are the impacts...

In considering lighting placement 2013 and design, Pioneer Square will need to consult the Pedestrian Lighting Citywide Plan. The plan does not include specific lighting or material recommendations but does call out the following plans and policies to be considered: • • • •

Pedestrian Lighting City waide Plan

PROJECT TIMELINE 2012

Neighborhood Plans and Urban Design Guidelines Capitol Improvement Projects Major city projects (Seattle Waterfront) Streetlight Districts/ SCL Horizon Plan Street Improvement Plans (SIP) Local Improvement Districts (LID)

Funding Per SDOT

• •

Source: http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/pedestrian_ masterplan/docs/PedLightingFINAL.pdf

Opportunities: On Going • Ongoing infrastructural improvements

Pioneer Square2020 Neighborhood Plan

C

Pioneer Preservation 01 / Square PAGE 48 District RESEARCH

On Going Project by project basis

Pioneer SquareRetail Recruitment Plan


RIGHT OF WAY IMPROVEMENTS MANUAL Pioneer Square Active Streets Pioneer Square Preservation Pioneer SquareRetail RecruitPhase / Policy Strategy District ment Plan Project Lead / City of Seattle Timeline / Ongoing Geography / Citywide Status / Adopted, updated in process 2013

Policy Overview The Right of Way Improvements Manual is a document created by the City of Seattle that proposes design, permitting, and construction guidelines for improvements in the right of way. Policy Goals 2015 • To help property owners, developers, architects, 2014 landscape architects, and engineers involved Ongoing with the design, permitting, and construction of Update improvements to Seattle’s street right-of-way. Funding NA On Going

Source: http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/rowmanual/manual/

What are the impacts...

Right of Way Improvements Manual

PROJECT TIMELINE

The proposed improvements will need to be considered for any future work or development in Pioneer Square. Some 2011elements that will need to be considered from the right Plan are: of way manual • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

complete

Grading Roadway Width Roadway Pavement Intersection Design Curb Design Sidewalk Design Crosswalks Bicycle Facilities Street Tree Standards Street Lighting Street Drainage Water Mains Right of Way Structures Transit Zones On Going Street Furniture Program Public Artongoing

Opportunities: • Draw from recommendations to coordinate design and development in the right of way

Right of Way Improvements Manual

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01 / PAGE 49

RESEARCH

2015 Ongoing


UTILITIES : DENNY SUBSTATION Phase / Project Project Lead / SCL Timeline / 2012 to Ongoing Geography / Citywide Status / Design and Planning

C What are the impacts...

Project Overview Seattle City Light is coordinating the design and construction of a new substation in North Downtown area and associated transmission circuits. Project Goals • To provide infrastructure to meet capacity of the new distribution system in South Lake Union • To connect the new substation with the existing Massachusetts Substation in SODO Funding Seattle Capital Improvement Program (CIP) and SCL user fees

The new Denny Substation will require transmission routing to connect with the existing Massachusetts Substation in SODO. There are three potential below ground transmission routing options, with two directly impacting Pioneer Square. Option 1 would route along 5th Ave S. Option 2 would route along 3rd Ave, Prefontaine Place, and 5th Ave S. Opportunities: • Potential for major roadway improvements • All street and alley resurfacing must be approved by the Pioneer Square Preservation Board

Source: www.seattle.gov/light/dennysub/default.asp

01 / PAGE 50

RESEARCH


UTILITIES : DENNY SUBSTATION et

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2012 Substation design and planning

2014

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COLMAN DOCK/ PIER 52

Denny Substation PROJECT TIMELINE

Seattle Freight Master Plan

CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT

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Yesler Way

2015

ELLIOTT BAY ve dA

2015

Substation completed

Final Plan, Improvements ongoing

2016 Transmission line design

2017

7th Ave South

Maynard Ave South

6th Ave South

5th Ave South

4th Ave South

3rd Ave South

th

2nd Ave South

S. King Street

ou

tS

Ex

S. Jackson Street

Occidental Ave South

S. Main Street

1st Ave South

PIER 48

Substation construction begins

CHINATOWN/ INTERNATIONAL DISTRICT

2n

S. Washington Street

2018 Transmission line construction begins, ongoing

S. King Street

Ra ilro

S. Weller Street

ad y Wa

PIER 46

So uth

S. Lane Street

PROPOSED TRANSMISSION LINES

SODO/ STADIUM DISTRICT

Dearborn Street

PIONEER SQUARE

N


UTILITIES : SEATTLE CITY LIGHT Phase / Project Project Lead / SCL Timeline / Ongoing Geography / Citywide Status / Ongoing Policy Overview Seattle City Light works to constantly update and improve the electrical systems throughout Seattle. Policy Goals • To keep Seattle City Light utilities safe and up to date. Funding Per project, SCL http://www.seattle.gov/light/

C

Seattle Bicycle Master Plan

What are the impacts...

Seattle City Light

PROJECT TIMELINE

Seattle City Light continues to improve its infrastructure throughout the city. Any future development 2014 should be coordinated with SCL to make sure there are no proposed overlapping projects. Opportunities: • Ongoing infrastructural improvements of streets and alleys • All street and alley resurfacing must be approved by the Pioneer Square Preservation Board • New development projects should coordinate on all proects for street and alley repair. Ongoing

2015 Ongoing

Adopted, Ongoing Construction

Stadium District Study

Third Avenue Corridor

01 / PAGE 52

RESEARCH

2013 University to Stewart 10% Design


UTILITIES : SEATTLE PUBLIC UTILITIES Phase / Project Project Lead / SPU Timeline / Ongoing Geography / Citywide Seattle Status / Ongoing

Freight Master Plan

Policy Overview Seattle Public Utilities works to frequently update and improve drinking water, stormwater, wastewater, and solid waste infrastructure throughout Seattle.2014 SPU is currently replacing a large water main on Western Avenue from Yesler Way to Spring Street. In addition, SPU operates the Clear Alley Program (CAP), which prohibits permanent storage of waste containers in the public right of way. Pioneer Square businesses and residents set out garbage and recycling in prepaid bags or containers. Policy Goals • To reduce waste, increase recycling and compost, and improve services • To upgrade or replace critical facilities as needed • To protect water quality and reduce the discharge 2015 of pollutants Final Plan, • To meet current and future water demands Funding Per project, SPU

Improvements ongoing

C

What are the impacts...

Denny Substation

PROJECT TIMELINE

Seattle Public Utilities

Seattle Public Utilities continues to update its infrastructure throughout the city. Any future development should be coordinated with 2012 SPU to make sure there are no proposed Substation overlapping projects.

2007 Solid Waste Zero Waste Study

design and planning

Opportunities: • Ongoing infrastructural improvements • All street and alley resurfacing must be approved by the Pioneer Square Preservation Board 2015

Substation construction begins 2017 Substation completed

2016 Transmission line design

2018 Transmission line construction begins, ongoing

Source: www.seattle.gov/util/Documents/Plans/

01 / PAGE 53

RESEARCH

2013 Solid Waste Management Plan (2011 revision)

2013 Water System Plan 2015 Stormwater Management Plan

Ongoing Updates, implementation ongoing


01 / PAGE 54

RESEARCH


1s

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The neighborhood was coded into two segment classes of data: blockfaces (right) and intersections. With input from Alliance for Pioneer Square, a spatially-located smart-phone app survey was developed for each segment class with a series of questions that correspond to characteristics of interest. Two surveyors collected the data over three months in spring 2015 by walking every block and logging a complete survey for each segment. A separate paper survey was conducted by Alliance for Pioneer Square to capture data for alleys. A final dataset was compiled and integrated into GIS with help from students in a University of Washington geography course, who also produced social media data for the neighborhood.

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The public realm of Pioneer Square is highly heterogeneous. This chapter provides insight into characteristics of walkways, streets, public and private amenities, hazards, accessibility, materiality, human activity, and buildings that help define the public realm. Each data element has a corresponding map locating the occurrence by blockface, intersection, or alley. This information illustrates neighborhood-wide trends that can inform future public realm designs.

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Inventory table of contents SIDEWALK + STREET CONDITIONS WALKWAY MATERIAL * STREET MATERIAL AVERAGE WALKWAY WIDTH WALKWAY SURFACE HAZARDS * SIDEWALK EDGE BUFFERS CURB CUTS WITHIN BLOCKFACE TRAFFIC CALMING FEATURES

BUILDING EDGE CONDITIONS GROUND-FLOOR USE * GROUND-FLOOR TRANSPARENCY OVERHEAD CANOPY LOCATIONS HANGING BASKETS AND FLOWER BOXES *

EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE GLASS BLOCKS PUBLIC AND PRIVATE WASTE CONTAINERS * PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SEATING * TREES AND TREE PITS ORNAMENTAL POTS AND RAISED PLANTERS HISTORICAL MARKERS PUBLIC ART * PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING * HISTORIC TRAFFIC LIGHTS UTILITY BOXES * NEWSPAPER RACKS STAND ALONE MAILBOXES PARKING METERS FIRE HYDRANTS PAY PHONES WATER FOUNTAINS BOLLARDS TEMPORARY SIGNS * BUS SHELTERS BIKE RACKS

OBSTRUCTIONS TO PED FLOW TEMPORARY OBSTRUCTION IN THE SIDEWALK BIKES LOCKED TO NON-BICYCLE RACKS CROWDED AREAS ON SIDEWALK

SOCIAL MEDIA REVIEW SOCIAL MEDIA ACTIVITY HEATMAP POPULAR PLACES MENTIONED IN SOCIAL MEDIA

PEDESTRIAN ACTIVITIES PEDESTRIAN DENSITY AND DOMINANT ACTIVITY *

INTERSECTION CONDITIONS CROSSWALK MATERIAL CROSSWALK CONDITIONS INTERSECTION TRAFFIC CALMING FEATURES PEDESTRIAN SIGNAL LOCATIONS INTERSECTION CURB CUT MATERIAL INTERSECTION CURB CUT CONDITION

ALLEY CONDITIONS TRANSPARENT WINDOWS COVERED WINDOWS CLEANLINESS

*Includes both blockface and alley data


SIDEWALK + STREET CONDITIONS

Walkway material *

This map shows the dominant surface material for all walkways including sidewalks and alleys. For walkways where two or more materials were used prominently, the surface is listed as “multiple”.

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S. Main Street

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S. Jackson Street

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1st Ave S

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This map shows the dominant surface material for all streets. Pedestrian oriented streets were included, while blockfaces that do not border streets of any kind were listed as “no street”.

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Asphalt Brick Asphalt

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Asphalt + Brick

Concrete

Asphalt + Concrete

Pavers Multiple No Sidewalk

02 / PAGE 57

INVENTORY

Asphalt + Paver Brick + Concrete No Street


SIDEWALK + STREET CONDITIONS

AVERAGE Walkway WIDTH This map shows the average walkway width for each blockface. Walkway width is defined as the physically unobstructed span of sidewalk designated for pedestrian movement. This width was commonly measured from face of building to treeline or streetlights. t

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S. Main Street

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

S. Jackson Street

S. King Street

S. King Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. Washington St

1st Ave S

S. Washington St

4th Ave S

Yesler Way

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This map shows all elements at the edge of the sidewalk/street that buffer pedestrians from the vehicular right-of-way. With limited plantings, the predominant buffers were bike lanes and parallel parking.

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SIDEWALK EDGE BUFFERS

Limited Access Street Bus Shelter Median Bike Lane > 12 ft

Angled Parking

8 - 12 ft

Parallel Parking

5 - 8 ft 5 ft or less No Sidewalk

02 / PAGE 58

INVENTORY

Parallel Parking + Bike Lane Parallel Parking + Planted Buffer Planted Buffer


SIDEWALK + STREET CONDITIONS

Walkway SURFACE HAZARDS *

This map shows walkways with major surface hazards. Hazards were defined as holes or extrusions of the pavement material with a minimum depth of 2in or width of 4in.

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The most common hazards were pavement cracks, missing bricks, uneven surfaces from tree roots, exposed utilities and pipes, and broken glass blocks.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

02 / PAGE 59

Surface Hazards

INVENTORY


SIDEWALK + STREET CONDITIONS

CURB CUTS WITHIN BLOCKFACE

This map shows all curb cuts within each blockface, and indicates street wheelchair-accessibility from the sidewalk. This metric includes driveways and mid-block crossing cuts, but does not include intersection curb cuts.

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S. Main Street

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

S. Jackson Street

S. King Street

S. King Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. Washington St

1st Ave S

S. Washington St

4th Ave S

Yesler Way

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This map shows design characteristics of streets that encourage slower vehicular speeds. This metric does not include any traffic calming at intersections.

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TRAFFIC CALMING FEATURES

No Vehicular Access Limited Vehicular Access Median Midblock crossing 1 to 2 curb cuts 3 to 4 curb cuts 5 to 6 curb cuts

02 / PAGE 60

INVENTORY

Median + Midblock crossing Signage Only Construction Zone


BUILDING EDGE CONDITIONS

GROUND-FLOOR USE *

This map shows ground-floor commercial activity and vacancy for each blockface. Only businesses open to the general public are included, such as restaurants, bars, beauty salons, and stores. The vacancy includes any blockface with non-residential ground-floor units that are empty and seeking tenants. t

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S. Main Street

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

S. Jackson Street

S. King Street

S. King Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. Washington St

1st Ave S

S. Washington St

4th Ave S

Yesler Way

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This map shows the visual transparency of each blockface ground-floor. Complete transparency indicates eye-level windows spanning the entire blockface, whereas no transparency indicates windowless facades

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Ground-floor transparency

Complete transparency 75% transparency Ground Floor Vacancy 1 - 2 businesses 3+ businesses

02 / PAGE 61

INVENTORY

50% transparency 25% transparency No transparency


BUILDING EDGE CONDITIONS

OVERHEAD CANOPY LOCATIONS

This map shows blockfaces with architectural canopies that extrude from the face of the building.

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Overhead canopies contribute to the public realm by creating a pedestrian scale overhead. They take on different spans (full block, sporadic, and at building entries) that offer varying degrees of enclosure and rain protection.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

Continuous Sporadic Only at entries

02 / PAGE 62

INVENTORY


BUILDING EDGE CONDITIONS

HANGING BASKETS AND FLOWER BOXES *

This map shows the location of hanging flower baskets and alley flower boxes.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

Alley flower boxes 1 to 2 hanging baskets 3 to 8 hanging baskets 9 to 14 hanging baskets

02 / PAGE 63

INVENTORY


02 / PAGE 64

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

GLASS Blocks

Glass blocks are historic Seattle elements that serve as skylights to underground businesses and artifacts of large-scale 19th and 20th century regrades. While some have been covered up or paved over, many remain functional to this day. This map identifies sidewalks with embedded glass blocks. d 2n e Av

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A 2011 Seattle University study led by Dr. Marie Wong titled “Seattle Light Prism Reconnaissance Study” surveyed the occurrence of glass blocks throughout the downtown area, including Pioneer Square. This study can be found at: http:// allianceforpioneersquare.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/ Seattle-Prism-Light-Reconnaissance-Study.pdf

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

02 / PAGE 65

Glass Blocks

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

PUBLIC WASTE CONTAINERS

This map shows the location of all publicly accessible trash, recycling, and ash trays.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

1 to 2 3 to 4 5 to 6

02 / PAGE 66

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

PRIVATE WASTE CONTAINERS *

This map shows the location of any private waste containers, including trash and recycling receptacles, dumpsters, and ash trays. These receptacles were either inaccessible to the public, adjacent to businesses and hotels for patron use, or locked.

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Yesler Way

S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

1 to 2 3 to 4 5 to 10 11 to 30

02 / PAGE 67

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

PUBLIC SEATING

This map shows the location of public seating. This metric includes all formal and informal benches located at bus shelters, in small plazas, adjacent to parks, or along the walkway.

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Public seating opportunities are generally absent in the commercial core of the neighborhood, and are limited to high-volume vehicular streets in the North and East of the neighborhood.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

1 to 3 4 to 12 13 to 24

02 / PAGE 68

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

PRIVATE SEATING *

This map shows the location of private seating. This metric includes all seating adjacent to businesses and intended for patron use. These seating areas were often implied as private or fenced off from public use.

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In contrast to public seating, private seating opportunities are dispersed throughout the neighborhood.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

1 to 5 6 to 10 11 to 15 16 to 30 More than 30

02 / PAGE 69

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

TREES and tree pits

This map shows the continuity of street trees for every blockface. Trees in medians and parks, unless directly adjacent to the walkway, were not included.

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A number of tree pit conditions were noted, including tree grates, tree wells, and planting beds. The images below provide a snapshot of the varied tree base conditions throughout the neighborhood.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

Continuous tree line Sporadic tree line

02 / PAGE 70

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

ORNAMENTAL POTS AND RAISED PLANTERS

This map shows the location of all ornamental pots and raised planters for each blockface. These pots were commonly used as bollards along the street edge or as ornamental features at business entrances.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

1 to 2 3 to 5 9 to 17

02 / PAGE 71

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

HISTORICAL MARKERS

This map shows historical markers. This metric includes all plaques and historical signs embedded in the sidewalk surface, mounted to the building facade adjacent to the sidewalk, or elevated on stands in the walkway.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

02 / PAGE 72

Historical marker

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

PUBLIC ART *

This map shows the occurrence of public art for blockfaces and alleys, including sculptures and temporary or permanent murals.

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A 2013 Seattle University study led by Dr. Marie Wong titled “Ghost Signs of Seattle” inventoried both exiting and historic ghost signs in Pioneer Square and Chinatown / ID. This study can be found at: http://www.seattleu.edu/uploadedFiles/ArtSci/ Content/Undergraduate_Degrees/Public_Affairs/Related_ Content/Ghost%20Signs%20of%20Seattle%2006.17.2013.pdf

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

1 2 3 to 8

02 / PAGE 73

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING *

This map shows walkways with pedestrian lighting, including street lights, illuminated bollards, and light fixtures attached to buildings. Vehicular street lights and building lights that were too high up to impact the pedestrian realm were not included. ve ve dA dA 2n 2n

ve ve tA tA 1s 1s

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St bia lum St o C bia lum Co

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t sS me t a J sS me Ja

t nS rso t ffe S e J n rso ffe Je

St ce rra Te e St c rra Te

Yesler Way Yesler Way S. Washington St S. Washington St S. Main Street S. Main Street S. Jackson Street S. Jackson Street S. King Street

4th Ave 4th Ave S S

1st Ave 1st Ave S S

S. King Street

On-street and attached to building On-street On-street and attached to building On-street Attached to building Attached In alley to building In alley

02 / PAGE 74

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

HISTORIC TRAFFIC LIGHTS

This map shows the location of historic traffic lights. These traffic lights are characteristically box-shaped, range in color from black to off-yellow, and feature a wide array of pinnacles on top.

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Yesler Way

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St

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! ! ! !

S. Washington St

!!! ! !!

S. Main Street

! ! !! !

While there were basic characteristics for all of the historic traffic lights, there was a general lack of continuity and style. Likely from a diversity of time periods, the variety of designs present are shown below.

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S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

!! ! ! !

1st Ave S

S. King Street

02 / PAGE 75

!

Historic Traffic Light

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

UTILITY BOXES *

This map shows the location of utility boxes in sidewalks and alleys. These features are major space takers that are targets for graffiti and obstacles in the continuity of the walkway.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

1 2 3 to 6

02 / PAGE 76

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

NEWSPAPER RACKS

This map shows the location of print-media racks for each blockface. Each modular rack unit (as opposed to each individual newspaper available) was counted as one rack. These include free and for-sale national news, local news, and classifieds publications. d 2n e Av

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

1 to 2 3 to 6 7 to 9

02 / PAGE 77

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

STAND ALONE MAILBOXES

This map shows the USPS mailboxes for each blockface. This metric includes parcel drop-offs, standard mailboxes, and green/ brown relay boxes. All of these, particularly the relay boxes, are targets for litter and graffiti.

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Yesler Way

S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

1 2

02 / PAGE 78

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

PARKING METERS

This map shows all parking meters in or directly adjacent to the public walkways. This metric includes all public parking meters as well as meters for private lots.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

1 2 3

02 / PAGE 79

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

Fire Hydrants

This map shows the number of fire hydrants per blockface.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

1 2 3

02 / PAGE 80

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

PAY PHONES

This map shows the location of pay phones in the walkways. These features are targets for litter and graffiti.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

02 / PAGE 81

Pay phone

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

WATER FOUNTAINS

This map shows the location of public water fountains. These features are historic landmarks, and are consistent in style and scale while varying in color.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

02 / PAGE 82

Water fountain

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

BOLLARDS

This map shows the location of bollards in or adjacent to walkways. These features are used to block vehicular traffic, delineate pedestrian space, and to protect buildings and utilities.

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There is no standard bollard in the neighborhood, and they vary greatly in design (decorative, informal, utilitarian), color (green, black, yellow, gray), and material (concrete, metal, wood).

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

1 to 4 5 to 11 12 to 28

02 / PAGE 83

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

Temporary Signs *

This map shows the location of temporary signs in the walkways. This metric includes a-board, decorative commercial, parking, and construction signage.

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A-boards and decorative commercial signage help give the public realm a rich sense of place. While these elements vary greatly in design and color, they generally come in a few basic sizes and styles.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

1 to 3 4 to 6 7 to 11

02 / PAGE 84

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

BUS SHELTERS

This map shows the location of bus shelters. This metric does not include bus stops without overhead structures. These features are generally located on the eastern edge of the neighborhood along 3rd Ave S and 4th Ave S.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

1 2

02 / PAGE 85

INVENTORY


EXISTING STREETSCAPE PALETTE

BIKE RACKS

This map shows the location of bike racks using data from SDOT. Not included are Pronto bike share station locations at Occidental Park and King Street Station.

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! !

Yesler Way

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! ! !

Bike racks vary from SDOT “inverted U” and rail-type standards to grid-style and custom ornamental racks.

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! !

!

!

!

! ! ! !

!

! !

S. Washington St

!

!

!

!

!

! ! ! !

! !

S. Main Street

! !

! ! ! ! ! !

! !

!

! ! !

! ! !

!

!

!

!

!

4th Ave S

S. King Street

! !

1st Ave S

S. Jackson Street

!

2 bikes

!

4 to 6 bikes

!

14 bikes

02 / PAGE 86

INVENTORY


02 / PAGE 87

INVENTORY


OBSTRUCTION TO PED FLOW

TEMPORARY OBSTRUCTIONS

This map shows where walkways were partially or completely obstructed by temporary objects, including temporary signs, orange cones, garbage bags, personal luggage, and shopping carts.

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St St ce rra Te

Yesler Way

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S. Washington St

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St ff Je

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! !

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S. Main Street

S ia

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Yesler Way

S. Washington St

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This map shows blockfaces where bikes were locked to anything other than established bike racks, commonly street signs and fenceposts. This information is overlaid with a map of existing bike racks from SDOT. This overlay provides an indication of where current demand for bike parking exceeds capacity. d 2n

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BIKES ON NON-BIKE RACKS

! !

!

! !!

! ! !

! !

! !

! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

S. Main Street

!

! ! ! !

S. Jackson Street

S. Jackson Street

S. King Street

S. King Street

! !

!

!

! !

!

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

!

!

! !

! ! !

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

! !!

!

!

More than 3 1 to 3

02 / PAGE 88

INVENTORY

Existing Bike Racks 1 bike off rack 2 to 4 bikes off rack 5 bikes off rack


OBSTRUCTION TO PED FLOW

CROWDED AREAS ON SIDEWALK

This map shows where crowds of stationary people inadvertently obstructed the walkway. This metric provides an indication of areas where people gather in larger numbers than the sidewalk can properly accommodate.

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The images below represent a variety of the obstructions to pedestrian flow commonly found in Pioneer Square.

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

Slightly crowded Very crowded

02 / PAGE 89

INVENTORY


SOCIAL MEDIA REVIEW

SOCIAL MEDIA ACTIVITY HEATMAP e Av

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S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

Yelp data was collected around Pioneer Square spanning from 2005 to 2015. This data was scraped from the web using the program import.io which collects data found on a webpage an puts in an excel document.

4th Ave S

S. King Street 1st Ave S

Instagram data was collected by coordinates and the keywords: “pioneersq”, “pioneersquare”, and “pioneersquareseattle”. This data was scraped using a native instagram API that enables users to search by coordinate and keyword and download the data in a JSON file.

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Twitter data was collected for posts using the following hashtags and keywords: #pioneersquare, #seattle, “pioneer square seattle”, “pioneersquare seattle”, “pioneer square washington”, “pioneersquare washington, and “occidental park seattle”. This data was scraped using a native twitter API that enables users to search by keyword and hashtag and download the data in a JSON file.

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Facebook data was collected from the “Pioneer Square Seattle” facebook page spanning from June 2014 to May 2015. The data was collected manually and input into an excel document.

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Students from the University of Washington Geography 469 course (Spring 2015) compiled social media activity from Pioneer Square in order to capture the “buzz” of the neighborhood. This was achieved by “scraping” data from four popular social media platforms: facebook, twitter, instagram, and yelp.

The data from the four sites was merged into a combined spreadsheet and uploaded to a googlemaps webpage as a series of data points: https://www.google.com/maps/d/u/0/ viewer?mid=z-KV2X3MM18A.kA9blVCVv3vg The spreadsheet data was then converted into GIS point files, and buffered in order to create a heatmap of social media activity. The hotter (redder) areas indicate a higher concentration of both positive and negative “buzz” in the neighborhood.

50 ft 100 ft 150 ft 200 ft 250 ft

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SOCIAL MEDIAL REVIEW

POPULAR PLACES MENTIONED IN SOCIAL MEDIA

This chart indicates the frequency that places in Pioneer Square mentioned on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Yelp.

536artevents: “Stop by tonight for #pioneersquareartwalk 536 1st Ave S, Seattle. #pioneersquareseattle”

120

Pioneer Square Seattle: “Pizzeria Gabbiano opens next week in PSQ: http://buff.ly/1qX41kp”

Lisa N: “I’m really happy I got to see this. The urban waterfall was absolutely gorgeous and a pleasant break from the touristy things we’ve been doing all day long. Plus, it’s a fantastic photo op spot!”

100

yummygooey: “i heard this “mountain biking” thing was cool #newbikeday”

80

@Miga_Chan: #Seattle: #Washington - Day 1 - #PioneerSquare & #BainbridgeIsland #minitrip #loveit”

60

40

20

WORKPLACES & BUSINESSES

BUILDINGS & DEVELOPMENT

FOOD

Waterfall

The alleys

Occidental Park

Pioneer Square

Nord Alley

City Hall

The London Plane

The Faerie Queene

Sprout

Salumi

Quality Athletics

Rain Shadow Meats

Pizzeria Gabbiano

Il Corvo Pasta

Che Sara Sara

Casco Antiguo

Bar Sajor

Stadium Place

Courtyard

Smith Tower

200 Occidental

Velouria

The Pioneer Collective

Tango Zulu

Mystery Bookshop

Jackson Street Tattoo

Intrigue Chocolate

Fresh Tangerine

E. Smith Mercantile

Emerald City Guitars

Cone & Steiner

Clementine Shoes

Zeitgeist Coffee

Back Alley Bike Repair

The Lodge

Sluggers

Good Bar

Little London Plane

BRGR Bar

Damn the Weather

BARS & CAFES

Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory

ARTS & HISTORY

88 Keys

Fallen Firefighter Memorial

Martyr Sauce

Gold Rush Museum

Cafe Nordo

536 Events at Surface Theory

0

PUBLIC SPACE


PEDESTRIAN ACTIVITIES

PEDESTRIAN DENSITY AND DOMINANT ACTIVITY *

This map shows the total number of people observed (segment width) and the dominant activity (color) for each blockface and alley. While this metric was not standardized by day of week or time, it provides a baseline snapshot of pedestrian density and use of public space. d 2n e Av

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The charts below represent the 8 blockfaces with the most pedestrians (22 or more observed), broken down by activity.

5C

4D

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4D

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St

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8C

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30

20

20

10

10

0

Walking

10A

Yesler Way 14A

Standing

Sitting

18C

S. Main Street

0

Walking

8C 8C

40

30

30

20

20

10

10

S. Jackson Street

Walking

Standing

33C

1st Ave S

4th Ave S

38A

Sitting

Lying

0

Walking

14A

40

30

30

20

20

10

10 Standing

Sitting

Lying

0

Walking

33C

40

30

30

20

20

Walking

10

10

4-8 9 - 16 17 - 25 26 - 65

0

Walking

02 / PAGE 92

INVENTORY

Standing

Sitting

Lying

Sitting

Lying

38A

50

40

Standing

0-3

Standing

38A

50

Sitting

Lying

18C

33C Lying

Sitting

50

40

Walking

Standing

18C

50

0

Lying

10A

14A

S. King Street

Sitting

50

40

0

Standing

10A

50

S. Washington St

Lying

5C

50

40

0

Walking

Standing

Sitting

Lying


INTERSECTION CONDITIONS

CROSSWALK MATERIAL

This map shows the surface materials of each delineated crosswalk or roadway crossing. This survey includes potential crossings at every intersection of two or more streets, even if there is no designated crosswalk, as well as mid-block and alley crossings. t

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Yesler Way

S. Main Street

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

S. Jackson Street

S. King Street

S. King Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. Washington St

1st Ave S

S. Washington St

4th Ave S

Yesler Way

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This map shows the surface condition of each crosswalk. Crosswalks in “good” condition have minimal surface blemishes, whereas those in “poor” condition have potholes and uneven surfaces. This metric does not take into account the condition of curb cuts. d 2n

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CROSSWALK CONDITIONS

Brick Painted Brick sidewalk Concrete sidewalk No crosswalk

Good

02 / PAGE 93

INVENTORY

Fair Poor No Crosswalk

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INTERSECTION CONDITIONS

INTERSECTION TRAFFIC CALMING PED SIGNAL LOCATIONS

This map shows design characteristics of intersections and crossings that encourage slower vehicular speeds.

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Yesler Way

S. Main Street

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

S. Jackson Street

S. King Street

S. King Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. Washington St

1st Ave S

S. Washington St

4th Ave S

Yesler Way

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ay nW

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This map shows the location of crossings with pedestrian signals.

Bollards Bollards + Speed Table Bump Out Bump Out + Median Bump Out + Pedestrian Signage Median Median + Pedestrian Signage Pedestrian Signage Speed Table

Numeric countdown w/ push button

02 / PAGE 94

INVENTORY

Numeric countdown No countdown Synced w/ traffic signal


INTERSECTION CONDITIONS

CURB CUT MATERIAL

This map shows the materials of every curb cut. Curb cuts with no distinguishing characteristics from the adjacent walkway were listed as “simple curb cut”.

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! !! ! ! !

! ! !!! !! !

!!! ! !! ! !

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!! !! !!!

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!! ! !! ! ! ! !

! Yesler Way

S. Washington St

! !

S. Main Street

! ! ! !

!! !

!

! ! ! !

! !

! ! ! ! !

!! !!

!! !!

! ! !! !

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! !! !

! !! ! ! !! !!!!

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!! !! ! ! ! !!!!

!! !!

! ! !

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! ! !! ! !!!

! ! !!

! ! !! !

!!!!! ! !! ! !

!! !! !

! !

S. Jackson Street

!! ! !

S. King Street

!! ! !

! !! !! !

! ! !!! !

!!! ! ! ! !!

! ! !!! !! ! !

!! ! ! !!

!

! !!!

!! ! !!!

!! ! ! !!!

! ! !!!

!! ! ! ! ! !!

1st Ave S

!! !!

!!

4th Ave S

!

! !

! !

! ! ! !

! ! !

!

Raised yellow "dots"

!

Raised white "dots"

!

Brick texture

!

Concrete "grooves"

!

Simple curb cut

02 / PAGE 95

INVENTORY


INTERSECTION CONDITIONS

CURB Cut Condition

This map shows the quality of curb cuts at each crossing. This metric indicates wheel-chair accessibility as well as the continuity of each crossing with the adjacent walkways. Curb cuts that did not align with the crosswalk, featured extreme slopes, or did not provide a smooth transition were listed as “poor”. d 2n e Av

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Yesler Way

S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

Good Fair Poor or only 1 curb ramp No curb ramps

02 / PAGE 96

INVENTORY


02 / PAGE 97

INVENTORY


ALLEY CONDITIONS

TRANSPARENT WINDOWS

This map shows the number of transparent building windows (at ground floor) in alleys.

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S. Main Street

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

S. Jackson Street

S. King Street

S. King Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. Washington St

1st Ave S

S. Washington St

1 to 4 5 to 8 9 to 16

02 / PAGE 98

INVENTORY

4th Ave S

Yesler Way

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This map shows the number of covered building windows (at ground floor) in alleys.

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COVERED WINDOWS

1 to 4 5 to 8 9 to 13

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ALLEY CONDITIONS

Cleanliness

This map shows the relative cleanliness of each alley. This metric observed general littler (including open garbage bags), cardboard, and prevalent negative odors.

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The images below represent a variety of the conditions commonly found in Pioneer Square alleys.

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Yesler Way

S. Washington St

S. Main Street

S. Jackson Street

4th Ave S

1st Ave S

S. King Street

Clean General Litter General Litter + Cardboard General Litter + Cardboard + Stench General Litter + Stench Cardboard Stench

02 / PAGE 99

INVENTORY


02 / PAGE 100

INVENTORY

Pioneer Square Streetscape Concept Plan Parts 1 and 2  
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