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The CSI effect

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Sundowns win PSL


Perdeby Tuks se amptelike studentekoerant / Official Tuks student newspaper / Kuranta ya baithuti ya semmušo ya Tuks



Hatfield, Sunnyside and Arcadia continue to be crime targets HUMPHREY MOKOENA

In recent months, students and residents of the Sunnyside, Arcadia and Hatfield areas have been complaining about muggings, thefts and the recent killings in the Sunnyside area. Criminal activities in these areas are reportedly taking place at night. Earlier this year, Perdeby reported on a number of incidents involving UP students, including an attack on an Olienhout resident outside Hatfield Square in January, a knifepoint mugging of two students and a gun-point mugging of one student in late February, and a car theft near the university campus. Students living in Sunnyside and Arcadia were shocked and left in fear when the body of a 22-year-old Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) student, who was brutally stabbed, was found on the sidewalk of Nelson Mandela Drive in Sunnyside last month. Rekord reported that the student may have been murdered during a robbery. Another student from the University of South Africa (Unisa) was found dead in his apartment in Sunnyside earlier this month with three gunshot wounds. These incidences have left many students from these areas fearing for their safety and questioning their faith in the SAPS. Mthobisi Mthethwa, a third-year public management student at TUT, said, “I was shocked with the death of our fellow student. This shows that the safety of students is not concrete.” Students told Perdeby that the police are not as effective as they should be. “We see this on a daily basis, where students are mugged but the police do nothing about it after we report it to them,” Mthethwa said. Dintsoalo Hlongwane, a second-year Unisa student, added that she no longer feels safe. “I don’t feel safe when walking at night because I don’t trust the homeless people. I feel that there should be more police patrol and street lights in these areas.” Ramoitoi Raleie, a third-year mining engineering student at Tuks, said, “As I was coming from school at twilight, I met two

Chief of police of the Tshwane Metro Police Department Steve Ngobeni said that students must report criminal activities. Photo: Brendan Fraser

guys and one of them took [out] a knife and demanded that I give him my phone and they ran off.” Raleie said that after that incident he started fearing walking at night. Lesedi Lamola, a second-year BSocial Work student, said, “I was mugged by two guys who claimed to be prophets. They somehow persuaded me to give them my stuff.” Lamola’s laptop, money, ID and cell phone were taken. The Tshwane Metro Police Department (TMPD) confirmed that they are aware that criminal activities happen in the city but said that citizens do not report them. Chief of police for the TMPD Steve Ngobeni said, “If there are no crimes reported in a particular area, then that place becomes a normal place. For us to become successful we need to have an open communication with the citizens and

institutions so that we can be able to work around our annual plan to fight the issue of crime.” The TMPD said that they have a project called Social Crime Prevention, where they go to schools to create awareness about crime, drugs and safety. Ngobeni also said that they plan to start going to universities around the city to distribute pamphlets about safety and crime awareness. They added that they will make use of more cameras, deploy undercover police and street patrolling police, and that they are looking to collaborate with the Department of Security Services at Tuks. Kim Ngobeni, SRC member of facilities, safety and security, told Perdeby that she had also been mugged. “I was a victim of [a] mugging at knifepoint. This is a pressing

issue. We are willing to do anything in terms of students’ safety.” Ngobeni said that she reported the issue to the police but never got any feedback or a follow-up from them. “I don’t think the police are doing enough to ensure the safety of students,” she said. Ngobeni also told Perdeby that she has initiated “The Walk Out” project where students who are walking to their residential areas will walk together in groups with visible policing on their route. According to Ngobeni, the SAPS will be on campus on 21 May to teach students about safety tips and self-defence training. According to UP’s Department of Security Services, the department has no jurisdiction over crimes that are committed outside of the university grounds.

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19 May 2014 From the Editor

particularly like birds, I don’t condone hunting, he explained that he wanted me to teach him about To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee To Kill a Mockingbird is one of my favourite novels and I nearly forgot my aversion to hunting. I shouldn’t be too harsh on this misguided boy, though. It seems that, in general, people are reading less regularly and less avidly these days. This is problematic not only for the publishing industry but for society in general. People who read widely are better able to engage with and interpret the world around them. Reading forces you to consider ideas and perspectives that you would not otherwise have thought of. It’s one thing knowing that more than 200 Nigerian school girls were abducted, it’s another thing to read and to know the anguish that the families of these girls are going through (look out for our #BringBackOurGirls article online). Words, whether they appear in a newspaper or on social media, communicate messages across cultures. One of the most important things about reading is that it fosters empathy. On TV, you watch something happen to someone else. There’s a screen between you and what’s happening and you’re quite safe. When you

read, you’re there. You’re forced to create the situation within your imagination and use your own emotion to create understanding of what is happening to the characters. Imagine a society that isn’t empathetic, where people can’t understand what others might be going through. In that society, people are going to stop caring very quickly about other people. Reading gives us hope that a society like this doesn’t have to exist. Reading doesn’t only show us possibility, it shows us why we need to aim for these possibilities. Reading newspapers or news articles online wakes us up to the fact that we need to build a new just and tolerable society. If you’re looking for new ways to procrastinate during the upcoming exams, pick up a book. Read something you’ve never read before. Pick up a book completely different to what you’re used to. Oscar Wilde once said that, “It is what you read when you don’t have to that determines what you will be when you can’t help it.” Make sure you’re someone valuable. Someone empathetic. Someone with an understanding of the cultures and values of others. Make sure you’re someone who’s always looking for new things to learn. Max

19 May 2014

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19 May 2014


Pregnancy increasingly prevalent on campus weeks of pregnancy, since the residence management cannot accept any responsibility relating to the final few weeks of pregnancy, nor the birth of the baby.” This is because there are no doctors or nurses available at residences to assist the pregnant students. The student is allowed to reoccupy her room after giving birth but the child is not permitted to live in the residence.

“Pregnancy is not an illness but a natural condition.”

Pregnancy on campus has increased over the past years. Photo: Hendro van der Merwe

FUMILAYO SOKO UP has seen a dramatic increase in reported student pregnancies during 2013.According to statistics provided by the Department of Student Health Services at Tuks, reported pregnancies among students has increased from 44 in 2007 to 86 in 2013. The figure notably dropped to 39 in 2012 while the

lowest number recorded in recent years was 28 in 2010. Since January this year another 40 pregnancies has been reported. UP policy on pregnancy allows a pregnant student to stay in residence only up until the 34th week, whereafter she has to find alternative accommodation. The policy states that, “The student has to arrange for alternative accommodation during the final

Student Support offers moral and therapeutic support to pregnant students while the expert staff provide information that enables her to make an informed decision about her pregnancy. They also provide information about healthcare options and postnatal counselling. Dr Madeleine Nolte, head of Student Support, told Perdeby that students will be well cared for academically, provided that they make arrangements with their lecturers regarding assignments, tests and exams. “Pregnancy is not an illness but a natural condition,” said Dr Nolte.

A pregnant final-year BCom Economics student, who wishes to remain anonymous said, “I spoke to a nurse who was very nice and not judgemental. She gave advice as both a nurse and a mother. I told her I was considering terminating the pregnancy, again she didn’t judge. She told me about places I can go where they will do it safely.” The student added that, “Being pregnant on campus is not easy, you feel judged by other students and the fact that you cannot participate in other activities with friends makes you feel left out. In terms of academic work, it can be very distracting, walking to campus has become a mission and I am always tired.” Student Support and the Student Health Clinic urge students who find themselves in an unplanned pregnancy situation to visit their facilities for help. The Student Health Clinic provides free pregnancy and HIV testing as well as family planning. Once the pregnancy has been confirmed the doctor or nurse will recommend external health centres depending on the student’s financial situation. All students will receive confidential and appropriate advice as well as assistance at no cost. These services are also free of charge to the father of the child, provided that he is a registered UP student. The Student Health Services can be contacted at 012 420 2500

Up and Out hosts silent march for International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia RODNEY XABA UP and Out, the Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender and Intersex (LGBTI) society at UP held a peaceful silent march on 15 May on the Hatfield campus in celebration of the International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia. Although the day is actually celebrated on 17 May, Up and Out chose to hold its march on Thursday to ensure maximum student participation. Students participating in the march were given balloons which symbolised the lives that have been lost due to hate crimes and the pain that the LGBTI community has gone through. Students marched past the conference centre and the Law Library before walking between the Student Centre and CSC. They finally returned to Oom Gert’s, where there was a moment of silence and balloons with messages of hope were released. Masontaha Sam, a first-year medical student, told Perdeby she came to Hatfield campus to support this event. Sam said,

“I want to show my support to my fellow students as I respect other people’s lifestyle choices the same way they respect me as a human.” Sam added that Perdeby’s article (Gay student attacked at Urban Nest, 12 May 2014) motivated her to become active because the victim is a close friend of hers. Marvin Frans, a first-year education student, liked the idea of showing respect and commemorating those who fought for equality among humans. Frans said, “Today was exciting but I felt that there could have been more homosexual people if it was marketed better in terms of posters and stuff.” Frans added that he was sad to hear so many negative remarks as they were silently marching through campus. Up and Out chairperson Thyler von Widdern said that, “I feel that every year the march gets better and better. This day creates awareness and helps out in fellow countries where there are limited resources. I enjoyed it a lot, it attracted a lot of people as we made our way through campus and we generated good publicity for a good cause.” Supporters at Up and Out’s march. Photo: Anele Mkungela

UP officially opens TuksMonate BOIPELO BOIKHUTSO TuksMonate, the new dining hall at the university’s Hillcrest residences, was officially opened last Tuesday evening. Prof. Themba Mosia, the vice-principal of Student Affairs and Residence Affairs and Accommodation, welcomed the guests. Prof. Mosia said that he is excited about the dining hall and its facilities, describing it as being “modern and world class” and added that the late Prof. Roelf Visser was dedicated to the project. Peter Martin, the deputy director of TuksRes Food Services, said that the project to open TuksMonate started in 2006 and the aim was to give students a balanced meal and to change the booking system, which became a problem when students did not collect their booked items. Martin also noted that by implementing one dining hall, students were encouraged to interact with each other. The dining hall caters

for approximately 2 000 students. Martin also spoke about the importance of service delivery, which includes better quality control and a bigger space which allows students to enjoy a “complete dining experience”. UP Vice-Chancellor Prof. Cheryl de la Rey also attended the event and welcomed everyone, including the late Prof. Visser’s family. Prof. De la Rey spoke about how the university places an emphasis on students enjoying a holistic education and that the quality of residences forms part of that vision. She said that there is a growing demand for residence space and mentioned that the university is trying to expand the residences and to also modernise the existing ones. Prof. De la Rey referred to the TuksMonate project as a “good news story” as the project highlights the importance of leadership, changing times and communication, which all played a role in making TuksMonate possible. Prof. De la Rey also paid tribute to Prof.

Visser and, together with his wife Retha Visser, unveiled a plaque in his memory. Throughout the evening Prof. Visser’s contributions were echoed and highly honoured.

“Modern and world class.” Guests were divided into groups of four and taken on a tour of TuksMonate led amongst others by TuksRes operations manager Danéte Coertze. The tour included the mini-market, the food storage area, the kitchen and the dining hall. The mini-market offers students necessities such as toiletries, salads and frozen food. Some of the shelves in the store were empty but Coertze explained that it is because students buy a lot which is an indication of the quality of service the new dining hall offers.

The dining hall consists of the “Grill” area, the “Touch of home” area, the “Build it” area and the “Spoil” area. At the “Grill” area, students can grill patties and other food. “Touch of home” offers students traditional home-cooked meals, which Coertze said students tend to miss, and the “Build it” area where students can make their own pizzas or get salads and sandwiches. In the “Spoil” area students can get desserts such as waffles and pancakes. The tour ended in the function venue where the official programme began. The function venue is soundproof and has an elaborate mural on the wall featuring the Merensky Building and the Old Arts Building. The function venue has a coffee shop that is open until 21:00. SRC Deputy President Taymoon Altamash said, “It [the dining hall] is clearly world class and the SRC will also ensure that Prof. Visser’s legacy continues.”

19 May 2014

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19 May 2014

The CSI effect: what you don’t see on television JOHAN SAAYMAN Since its first episode aired in 2000, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation has achieved great success, so much so that the spin-offs CSI: NY and CSI: Miami were created to keep viewers fully intrigued. With its immense popularity came a great setback for crime prevention systems in many parts of the world where the shows have aired. The CSI effect is an effect that forensic shows have on the expectations and understanding of non-forensic analysts who are in some way related to crime and prosecution. The CSI effect allegedly has the greatest influence on jurors, who are used in court cases to deliver verdicts in countries like the United States, Canada, France and in some Asian countries. The results of the CSI effect have been seen in many cases of trials, crimes and the processing of forensic evidence. After CSI: Crime Scene Investigation’s debut, the crime rate has risen, while the rate of cases that have been solved has decreased. Many believe that this is because the criminals are shown how to destroy evidence by watching how the criminals on the shows do it. The 2006 double homicide case of Jermaine McKinney, where the assailant took incredible precautions to remove and destroy evidence, led to Captain Ray Peavy, head of the homicide division of the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department, stating that shows like CSI are educating, sometimes even encouraging, potential killers to commit crimes because they see how easy it is to get away with murder. Dr Francois Steyn, a criminologist at UP, explains that criminals are becoming more aware of the implications evidence has. This leads to an increase in taking precautions to not leave evidence at crime scenes like wearing gloves, avoiding leaving bodily fluids at the crime scene and also destroying DNA evidence with bleach. However, clinical psychologist Dr Linda Blokland explains that it is not always just about the show’s influence. “We don’t necessarily

have to see it on television, but some people get away with it. The question is not whether you think you’re going to get away with it, but rather [whether] you have the moral fibre to commit crimes or not,” Dr Blokland explained. She added that some criminals are made due to their circumstances, where committing crimes is a means of survival. Dr Steyn reveals that people are more prone to commit crimes in their mid-teenage years, as a means of rebellion and testing authority, and this phase usually ends in the early-20s. These crimes generally aren’t serious and are often seen as normal behaviour in the process of the teenager’s development. The CSI effect is most likely to surface in jury trials where the jury must interpret the evidence. One case where the CSI effect has had a seemingly negative effect was in the trial of Robert Blake. The jury found the then 71-year-old not guilty, despite the testimony of two eyewitnesses. The jury stated that the two eyewitnesses were unreliable and that there was no solid evidence. The reason why jurors might want definitive evidence is because, as Dr Steyn explains, “They hold the life of the accused in their judgement, the person’s entire future depends on their interpretation. That is a big responsibility and they need solid evidence to make the right decisions.” Although much research has proven that jurors are in fact becoming more demanding, the precise reason for this cannot be determined. A study by the Wayne County Police Department in Michigan revealed that more jurors expect to see what they see on crime dramas in actual courtrooms, with a high number of jurors wanting factual information rather that circumstantial evidence. One explanation that was proposed was that the jurors expect modern day technology to be able to process and present the needed facts to place the smoking gun in the accused’s hands. Regardless of what the consequential effect of exposing the public to incomplete systems

of forensic analysis is, some efforts have been made to eradicate the misconceptions of people regarding crime scene investigation. The Albuquerque Police Department in New Mexico launched the Citizen’s CSI Academy in an attempt to improve the understanding of the general public, aspiring forensic scientists and the jurors regarding forensic investigations. It is also becoming more evident that victims of violent crimes are aware of the significance of forensic evidence. In a 2008 rape case, the victim bit into the window frame of her assailant’s car. When the perpetrator was apprehended and was matched to the DNA of her attacker from the samples taken after the attack, her dental records could be used to place her in his car at the time of the attack. Furthermore, shows like CSI: Crime Scene Investigation have popularised forensic sciences among students, which have lead to an increase in forensic scientists to process and analyse evidence. There is, however, a shortage of forensic scientists in many countries, including Australia, England, Italy and South Africa. An increase in reality crime investigation

Illustration: Simon -Kai Garvie

programmes, like Medical Detectives, Forensic Detectives and Homicide Hunter, where accurate depictions of the crime investigating process are shown, has also attributed to people becoming more aware of fictional shows’ inaccuracies. Shows like Mythbusters and You Have Been Warned often expose the inaccurate science behind television shows’ forensics. Although the producers of many crime dramas refused to incorporate true scientific facts at the cost of dramatic effects, shows like Bones and Cold Case have been praised for using realistic portrayals of the systems carried out by crime investigations. However, these also fail to show the immense workload behind forensic processes and characters are often partaking in investigations that they are not qualified for. Whether the increase in crime is due to the enormous population, the decreased moral judgements or the television shows and the decrease in solved crimes are due to clever criminals or incapable investigators, it is our own responsibility to not get involved in investigations and to acknowledge our lack of knowledge so that the justice system can prevail.

19 May 2014

> Features


The selfie obsession: how social media is making us narcissistic LIESE-MARIE HEYNS Enter a raging club and go into its bathroom where two girls are fixing their hair. The brunette is ranting about a guy, spouting abuse at the girl he is with as well as at the DJ. She sends the club into a frenzy when she utters, “But first let me take a selfie.” The music video of the hit song “#Selfie” from The Chainsmokers has gone viral with over 80 million views on YouTube. While the “#Selfie” video mostly mocks the narcissism of today’s generation, “Everyone seems to really love the song and the humour of it, and to be able to share in the excitement is super fun,” says model Lindsey Diane Alton – who portrays the vain clubgoer in the music video – in an interview with’s Geoff Herbert. The song features selfies of fans from various social media sites as well as a few of celebrities. Selfies are everywhere, clogging social media feeds and even making newspaper headlines. US President Barack Obama made front-page news after posing for a selfie with Danish Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt and British Prime Minister David Cameron at Nelson Mandela’s memorial service. Kim Kardashian posted a very risqué selfie of her behind in a white bikini while Justin Bieber made an entire advert for his perfume, Girlfriend, with selfie video clips from fans. Even the pope has joined in on the selfie phenomenon. The “Oscar selfie” that Ellen DeGeneres posted crashed Twitter, breaking the record for number of retweets: the selfie was retweeted 2.4 million times and received 32.4 million views. Selfie was chosen by Oxford Dictionary as their 2013 international Word of the Year above the words bitcoin, bingewatch and twerking. Language research conducted by their editors found the frequency of use of the word increased by 17 000% from 2012. The word first appeared in 2002 when it was used in an Australian forum. Judy Pearsall, editorial director for Oxford Dictionary, explained the evolution of the word on their blog: “Social media sites helped to popularise the term, with the tag ‘selfie’ appearing on the photo-sharing website Flickr as early as 2004, but usage wasn’t widespread until around 2012 when selfie was being used commonly in mainstream media sources.” According to an infographic by, people are taking over one million selfies every day and, according to Samsung, selfies make up 30% of the pictures taken by people between the ages 18-24. On Instagram more than 100 million

Ilustration: Johann van Tonder

pictures are tagged with #selfie. “The selfie revolution highlights the global demographic shift underway with 60% of the world’s population now under 35 years old. Young people are discovering their unique identities and expressing it through creative selfie pics on social networks like Instagram, Twitter, SnapChat, Tumblr and Pinterest,” says director James Rickman. The good Selfies have helped raise money for several charities. Samsung donated $3 million (more than R30 million) to charities of DeGeneres’s choice, including St Jude’s and the Humane Society, after her “Oscar selfie” reached three million retweets in 2014. In Eli Langer’s article “Ellen’s viral selfie leads to $3 million donation” published on, a Samsung spokesperson reported, “While we were a sponsor of the Oscars and had an integration with ABC, we were delighted to see Ellen organically incorporate the device into the selfie moment that had everyone talking.” The #nomakeupselfie craze that sweeped social media in March this year helped raise £8 million (more than R140 million) for Cancer Research UK. Women posted pictures of themselves on social media sites without any makeup on and nominated their friends to do the same. The bad A study that was conducted by the University of Michigan found that there is a direct correlation between the amount of time a person spends on social media and how narcissistic they are. The study compared Facebook to a mirror and Twitter to a megaphone. “Among young adult college students, we found

that those who scored higher in certain types of narcissism posted more often on Twitter,” said Panek, who recently received his doctorate in communication studies from the University of Michigan. Middle-aged adults with narcissistic personalities tend to post to Facebook more frequently and update their statuses more often. The researchers were unable to establish whether narcissism leads to an increased use of social media or if the opposite, that social media use exacerbates narcissistic tendencies, was true. It is, however, one of the first studies trying to map this relationship. Dr Robyn Silverman, an award-winning writer and PhD fellow from Tufts University’s child and teen development programme, says, “It’s a matter of adolescents and teens constantly trying to define themselves.They crave positive feedback to help them see how their identity fits into their world. Social media offers an opportunity to garner immediate information. The problem is they are looking in a dangerous place.” “Of course, while this article talks about teens – we know that adults look to the internet for validation too,” he adds. The ugly Selfie-snapping can become an addiction. Danny Bowman, a 19-year-old boy from the UK, attempted suicide because he couldn’t capture the perfect selfie. Bowman was taking up to 200 pictures of himself daily, spending as much as ten hours each day trying to get the perfect shot. “I was constantly in search of taking the perfect selfie and when I realised I couldn’t, I wanted to die. I lost my friends, my education, my health and almost my life,” he told The Mirror. Bowman lost almost 17 kilograms, dropped out of school and remained housebound for six months in order to capture the perfect selfie. He became so depressed that he took a drug overdose. His mother rushed him to hospital where he underwent intensive therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder, body dysmorphic disorder and technology addiction. “People don’t realise when they post a picture of themselves on Facebook or Twitter it can so quickly spiral out of control. It becomes a mission to get approval and it can destroy anyone,” he said. The future of the selfie is unclear. It could be a fad, a passing obsession of our generation. Sharing your picture online has become so common that it is almost a part of our digital identities. People validate their importance and popularity by the number of “likes” a selfie receives. As long as people find the validation they seek on social media, it does not seem like the trend is likely to slow down.

Have your beer and drink it too: the healthier way to party JOANÉ OLIVIER Alcohol consumption has been an important part of student culture for decades and will be for decades to come. For many, alcohol is a necessity on social occasions and can be enjoyed in excess by some, which can lead to health complications later in life. The question that must be asked is: how you can drink but stay healthy at the same time too? While most people are aware of the negative effects associated with drinking too much alcohol, such as hangovers and liver damage, a lot of students aren’t aware of the negative effects associated with regular excessive alcohol consumption. According to Careen Visagie, dietician at Amanda Kuit Pty (Ltd), some of the other negative effects include brain damage, depression, hallucinations, aggression, seizures, certain types of cancers, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and potential weight gain. Like most things in life, liquid courage should be enjoyed in moderation. If a person drinks heavily for long periods, stopping or even reducing their alcohol intake can lead to alcohol withdrawal symptoms, which can begin as early as two hours after the last drink. According to, the effects of alcohol withdrawal include anxiety, shakiness, hallucinations or worse complications such as seizures and even death. A person should visit a doctor as soon as symptoms occur. It is advisable that alcohol not be consumed every day and that drinking should be done in moderation. The amount of alcohol consumed and the way in which alcohol is combined with other non-alcoholic drinks such as energy drinks and sugary drinks can cause problems. Martie Hofmeyr, a registered dietician based in Pretoria, says that consuming alcohol that is mixed with energy drinks is more dangerous than alcohol on its own. She added that mixing alcohol with stimulants (caffeine in energy drinks) and sugar is dangerous and can lead to weight gain. Visagie supports this by explaining that when energy drinks are combined with alcohol you are more alert and, therefore, less aware of the affects of the alcohol consumed, which causes you to drink even more. Hofmeyr advises that the best choices for mixing alcohol are soda water, mineral water and diet cold drinks (because of the low kilojoules content). Hofmeyr also says that combining alcohol with certain types of medication can cause hypoglycaemia, which can be dangerous, especially for people who suffer from diabetes. Therefore, it is best to consult your doctor about which

Photo: Hendro van der Merwe

medications react badly to alcohol. Dr Ineke Janse van Rensburg, another registered dietician in Pretoria, told Perdeby that a person should eat before or during alcohol consumption in order to prevent low blood sugar and also to prevent overeating. Alcohol turns off the body’s satiety signals and, along with low blood sugar, can lead to hunger. Dr Janse van Rensburg explains that the body also metabolises alcohol as fat, which means that excess alcohol will likely be stored as fat, mostly around the stomach. This leads to excessive visceral fat (fat surrounding the organs) and also fatty liver infiltration. Too much fat around a person’s organs can lead to various diseases such as hypertension, insulin resistance, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Dr Janse van Rensburg advises that students choose drinks with lower alcohol and kilojoules content. These include beer (160kj/100ml), wine (302-357kj/100ml), drinks with a higher alcohol content of around 30%, such as liqueur (1 144kj/100ml), and spirits, such as whiskey (1 053kj/100ml). The kilojoules content in soda drinks such as coke, cream

soda and sprite is 220kj/100ml, which is a lot more than the -10kj/100ml kilojoules content of diet sodas. Hofmeyr further advises that alcohol should be drunk sensibly and not on an empty stomach, that a glass of water should be consumed between alcoholic drinks and that alcohol must be drunk slowly and not every day. reports that research has shown that drinking in moderation (one drink a day for women and two for men) can have some health benefits such as higher levels of good cholesterol, lower chances of developing dementia and a possible lower risk of gallstones. A glass of red wine daily has been shown to promote a healthy heart. According to a study published in 2009 in the Journal of Sexual Medicine, moderate male drinkers have a 25-30% reduced chance of developing erectile dysfunction. Whether it is a formal function, a house party or a Thursday night at Aandklas, alcohol can be enjoyed without worrying about developing health problems over time. Making informed decisions when drinking allows you to still enjoy a drink or two without paying for it later.


Oppi opwarm


19 May 2014


Oppikoppi makes first artist announcements

MICHAL-MARÉ LINDEN Oppikoppi has released a portion of this year’s festival local lineup as well as announced four international acts.

Rival Sons. Image provided

Rivals Sons is a blues rock band from California, USA. Formed in 2009, they have opened for rock legends such as AC/DC and Kid Rock. Drawing heavy influence from Led Zeppelin, their classic rock sound will please anyone that enjoys rock from the 70s. Their latest album Great Western Valkyrie is set for release in June this year.

PHFat. Image:

Reason. Image: Reason’s Facebook page

Valiant Swart. Photo: Gale McAll

Springbok Nude Girls. Image:

aKing. Image:

Zebra and Giraffe. Image: Zebra and Giraffe’s Facebook page

The Muffinz. Image: The Muffinz’ Facebook page

Newtown Knife Gang. Image: Newtown Knife Gang’s Facebook page

Local lineup includes acts from a variety of genres. Old favourites Springbok Nude Girls are set to perform as well as the winners of this year’s Best Rock Album Sama, Van Coke Kartel. Albert Frost and Dan Patlansky will play a special collaboration. 20 years after their first Oppikoppi performance, Durban rockers Urban Creep will return to mark the momentous occasion. Other rock favourites include Zebra and Giraffe, Newtown Knife Gang, Stoker, Boargazm, City of Heros, aKing, Valiant Swart and Gangs of Ballet. Indie fans can enjoy Michael Lowman, Ard Matthews, The

Hind Brothers, Shortstraw and Matthew Mole. Reason and HHP will entertain hip-hop fans and Spoek Mathambo, PHFat, The Muffinz and BCUC will also bring their alternative edge to the lineup. The announcements were made via the Oppikoppi app, an interactive platform that made users “discover” band names by pointing their phones at indicated points of interest such as Table Mountain. Announcements are expected to be made weekly until the end of May.

Willy Mason. Image: Willy Mason’s Facebook page

Willy Mason is a country and folk solo act from America. Inspired by his parents’ love for folk music and the sociopolitical messages of Rage Against the Machine, his relaxed, acoustic sound will please fans of Bob Dylan or Cat Power.

The Inspector Cluzo. Image: The Inspector Cluzo’s Facebook page

The Inspector Cluzo from France will be gracing our local stages yet again. Describing themselves as funk`n`roll, they are known for their energetic live performances. Having played RAMfest in 2013, crowds know that the language difference doesn’t interfere with their happy atmosphere, unique sound and message of “F**k the bass player”.

Cat Power. Image: Cat Power’s Facebook page

Indie rocker Cat Power, hailing from the US, joins as the fourth act of the international line-up. In the music industry since the 90s, Cat Power is known for her haunting voice and emotive lyrics. Fans of Lykke Li and Fiona Apple will enjoy her set.

& Entertainment

19 May 2014


Five underrated books all students should read ELMARIE KRUGER It is a well-known fact that the number of people who still take the time to sit down and read a book is, sadly, on the decline. Fortunately, there are several readers who regularly bury their noses in books and keep literature alive. And as many of these devoted bookworms know, there are many books which do not receive as much attention as they deserve, and yet have the potential to be enjoyed by many. Some of these underrated books include:

Invisible Monsters by Chuck Palahniuk Invisible Monsters follows the narrative of an unidentified ex-model whose face has been mutilated in an accident. The story is formed by the narrator piecing together bits of non-chronological memories. While recovering from her disfigurement, the narrator meets the glamorous Brandy Alexander – the woman who will change her life more than her accident ever did.

Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury This dystopian novel is about a futuristic society in which

Dear Silence Thieves Dan Patlansky

Image: Dan Patlansky’s Faceboook page

Looking for Alaska John Green



all books are banned and burnt. Fahrenheit 451 has won many awards, but still too few people know about this book and the important message it conveys regarding censorship established by the government. Its main character is loyal to this censorship-driven government, until he meets a girl who is not, and he begins to ask a very important question: “Why?”

Brave New World by Aldous Huxley Another dystopian novel set in the future, Brave New World centres around a civilisation where population is constantly controlled and where peace is somehow permanently maintained. This futuristic civilisation bases its ideologies around the ideas of Henry Ford, namely homogeneousness, mass production and uniformity. The novel, written in 1931, offers significant commentary on where the world was headed both then and now.

appears to be Asperger’s syndrome, is also the winner of various awards, and not nearly appreciated enough. It gives you a convincing glimpse into the mind of an Asperger’s sufferer, with a gripping, mystery-filled plot to boot.

This Side of Paradise by F Scott Fitzgerald While The Great Gatsby is certainly one of Fitzgerald’s greatest and most famous works, many of his other novels are just as remarkable, and are often overlooked. In the same vein of The Great Gatsby, This Side of Paradise tells of a young man in the midst of the roaring 20’s, searching for himself in a world where love is distorted by voracity and social standing. Images:

What is your favourite book? Tweet us @perdebynews The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time by Mark Haddon This novel, narrated by a teenage boy suffering from what MICHAL-MARÉ LINDEN Dan Patlansky has returned with his seventh album Dear Silence Thieves, which, according to him, translates to “definitely the best live set [they’ve] ever had”. With the repute for legendary musicality and technicality and the success of his previous albums, there is no doubt that fans are highly expectant when it comes to new material. The album opens with the punchy “Backbite”. Typically blues rock, the foot-stomping beats and catchy riff makes the track danceable. The album then slows its tempo with “Pop collar jockey” which could fit easily with a western cowboy scene. The album stays relatively mellow throughout with “Feels like home” being the upbeat twist before the album’s final song. The slower tempo, however, doesn’t detract from the songs energy and the album remains loud and “in your face”. The album is littered with skilful solos that showcase just

exactly why Patlansky is considered a legend. But solos alone do not make the melodic content and one can see the intense effort that has been put into crafting each riff and vocal line. The album’s lyrics are generally quite typical to the blues genre which will please fans. However, here too, one can see the effort put into writing the 10 track album as each song’s lyrics are well thought out and a fresh take on typical blues themes. There are two standout tracks on the album that are not as typically blues as one would expect. “Windmills and the sea” and “Madison lane”, the closing song, are gentler if not more country in style and provide a welcome break from the intense blues sound on the rest of the album. Dear Silence Thieves is a solid album with infectious beats and catchy melodies. Fans will not be disappointed with an album that promises to be just as exciting as the live show.

LISA KAHIMBAARA John Green was already established in the world of young adult literature before his latest offering A Fault in Our Stars blasted onto the scene. Looking for Alaska was Green’s first foray into the world of teenage fiction and a triumph over a clichéd genre. As a result of the overwhelming success of A Fault in Our Stars, Looking for Alaska has been reprinted and redistributed throughout the country. The book tells the story of Miles “Pudge” Halter, a 16-year-old boy from Florida who moves to Culver Creek Preparatory High School in Alabama. Pudge attempts to run away from his predictable and uninspired life. Throughout the novel, Pudge goes in search of a “Great Perhaps” – the last words of French Renaissance writer François Rabelais. The quote permeates throughout the book and is Pudge’s reasoning behind moving to a boarding school in junior year. At Culver Creek Preparatory School, Pudge is launched into the rebellious world of boarding school where he befriends his roommate Chip “Colonel” Martin, who introduces him to the charming, enigmatic, unpredictable and reckless Alaska Young. The story centres on Pudge’s affection towards Alaska and their growing relationship.

The novel is divided into “Before” and “After”. From the outset, a sense of dread is created – and fulfilled. Readers will find themselves in a quandary of whether to turn the page while desperate to discover the outcome. Looking for Alaska brutally reveals the reality of modern teenage life. It is no wonder that his honest account of a comingof-age story was banned in several schools in the United States. The beauty in Green’s book is his no-holds-barred approach to young adult storytelling, where sexually explicit situations and misguided decisions of youths are blatantly portrayed. Green has a gift for capturing the struggles, losses and triumphs of young adult life without falling into the lack of realism that the genre is so susceptible to. While Looking for Alaska is not as emotionally challenging and cathartic as the book, and soon-to-be-released movie, A Fault in our Stars, its victory is in its absence of modesty and politeness. Much like adolescence it is filled with embarrassment and poor decision-making. This book is a touching story of coming of age and a must read for fans of young adult literature.



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n Fun & Games

19 May 2014


Pssst… has to start off by asking: is Pssst… the only one that is shocked by Katjiepiering making it into the Serrie finals? Pssst… guesses that wearing short skirts has finally paid off for some reses and maybe others should follow Katjiepiering’s example if they want to be noticed. No one seems to be too surprised by Boekenhout being in the final, but Pssst… hears the guys have been practising day and night to avoid placing second like they did last year. Pssst… reckons that Boekenhout should stop thinking that they rule student culture. No matter what anyone tells you, cocky isn’t an attractive look. Pssst… isn’t expecting too much from Mopanie in the Serrie finals. From what Pssst… hears Engineering Week and Oesdag preparations took their toll on Mopanie’s Serrie practices. Pssst... thinks Mopanie needs to get over their mielie obsession, it’s just starting to get creepy, now. Nerina won’t be in the finals and the holes in their ceiling from the male reses’ performances serve as a bitter reminder of this. Pssst... hears the holes still haven’t been fixed and that Nerina is threatening to send out invoices to Olienhout and Olympus if they don’t fix them. Thursday nights at the clubhouses are over for good and

Pssst... guesses that Katjiepiering cried the hardest (after Kollege, of course). Pssst... wonders where Katjiepiering plans to relocate to now. Kollege’s last Thursday night social included everyone from Katjiepiering to Klaradyn and Lilium. Pssst... must admit that Lilium looked out of place even before they started to re-enact scenes from their risqué Serrie for the whole of Kollege. Pssst... needs to remind Lilium that Serrie is actually over and that the points they will be scoring from Kollege with those dance moves won’t count towards Serrie. Then again, Pssst... has a suspicion that it is exactly what Lilium wants. Pssst... thinks that Lilium should stay on Groenkloof campus where they can’t embarrass themselves as much. Maybe Lilium can do as Zinnia does and have sleepovers at Kiaat five nights a week. Taaibos probably drowned their sorrows on Thursday night, not because of the clubhouse situation, but because Katjiepiering and Klaradyn both gave them bad marks for their Serrie. Pssst... suggests Taaibos get over it and stop sub-tweeting the girls’ reses.



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12 May 2014

G Sport


Barclays Premier League review BRIAN KIAUTHA

Manchester City made it two league titles in three years after defeating West Ham United 2-0 at Etihad Stadium on Sunday 11 May. The victory sparked scenes of jubilation from fans as they flooded the pitch after the game to celebrate the win. The title is City’s second trophy of the season, the first being the Capital One Cup in which they beat Sunderland 1-0. While it was Manchester City’s second Premier League trophy, it was the first for coach Manuel Pellegrini who has never won a league trophy in Europe. Goals from Samir Nasri and captain Vincent Kompany were enough to see Manchester City win their second Premier League title in three years. The two goals also upped Manchester City’s goal tally to102, one goal shy of equalling the record of most goals in a season which is currently held by Chelsea, who scored 103 goals in the 2009/10 season. Liverpool finished second on the log after rallying from 1-0 down to win 2-1 against a nine-man Newcastle United. An own goal from Martin Skrtel gave Newcastle the lead, but two goals in quick succession by Daniel Agger and Daniel Sturridge both set up by Steven Gerrard free kicks saw the Merseyside club take the lead. Shola Ameobi received two yellow cards for dissent towards the referee, while second half substitute Paul Dummett received his marching orders for a foul on Luis Suárez, who was voted the best player of the season. José Mourinho, who returned to Chelsea after a three-year coaching spell with Real Madrid, saw his troops finish third after overcoming a 1-0 half time score to beat Cardiff City 2-1. This is the first time a side coached by Mourinho has

Manchester City celebrating. Image:

finished outside the top two in his illustrious coaching career. Arsenal, who had already secured the fourth spot on the log and the last Champions League spot (a feat they have now accomplished 17 years in a row), beat Norwich 2-0. The win also confirmed the relegation status of Norwich who would have had to beat Arsenal 17-0 and hope for a West Bromwich loss to avoid relegation. Norwich join Cardiff and Fulham as the relegated clubs. The three spots for the relegated teams will be filled by Football League Champions Leicester City, second placed Burnley, and the third spot will be determined by play-offs concluding on 25 May.

Belgium: a team to look out for in the World Cup


SIMPHIWE NHLABATHI With only a few weeks to go until the 2014 Fifa World Cup tournament officially kicks off, Belgium’s crop of talent promises to make them a team to watch this year. With former Belgian national team player Marc Wilmots as manager, this might be the “golden generation” Belgian team which may have the potential to contend with the powerhouses of world football as the team looks to advance deep into the knockout stages of the tournament. The team has the choice of playing either Thibaut Courtois (who is on loan from Chelsea to Atlético Madrid) or Simon Mignolet (Liverpool) in the goal posts, with both goalkeepers having played exceptionally well in the past season for their respective clubs. Their defence seems to be impenetrable with Vincent Kompany (Manchester City), Jan Vertonghen (Tottenham Hotspur), Thomas Vermaelen (Arsenal), and Daniel van Buyten (Bayern Munich) planning to drop anchor and hold the team together. The midfield is packed with pace, strength and creativity with young players coming into the mix. Adnan Januzaj, who was a revelation at Manchester United this season, is among

those representing the country for the first time on a big stage. Tottenham Hotspur teammates Nacer Chadli and Moussa Dembele will bring the contribution they made at their club to the Belgium team and will have to compete for a place in the national team. Steven Defour (Porto), Axel Witsel (Zenit St Petersburg) and Kevin de Bruyne (Wolfsburg) are also among the gifted midfielders in the team. The forwards consist of Romelu Lukaku (who is on loan to Everton from Chelsea), Eden Hazard (Chelsea) and Kevin Mirallas (Everton). The trio scored a combined 37 goals in the 2013/2014 season in the English Premier League. Belgium will have to contend without Christian Benteke (Aston Villa) as he will miss the World Cup due to injury. Expectations are high for Belgium to do well and with the wealth of players they have in their team one would expect them to do well. Quick Facts: Best World Cup result: Semi-finals (1986) Best European Championship result: Runners-up (1980) Record scorers: Bernard Voorhoof and Paul Van Himst (30) Most capped player: Jan Ceulemans (96) Coach: Marc Wilmots Captain: Vincent Kompany

Everton finished fifth after defeating Hull City 2-0 through goals by Romelu Lukaku and James McCarthy. Everton have enjoyed a good spell under new coach Roberto Martinez that saw them finish with their highest point tally (72) since the new Premier League era began. Tottenham finished sixth on the log after a turbulent season. Tottenham sacked André VillasBoas and promoted Tim Sherwood to full-time coach with the hope of finishing in the top four, but had to settle for a Europa League spot. Teams that will participate in the Europa League next season include Everton, Tottenham and Hull City. Hull City will enjoy their first ever European league football action as they were

finalists in the FA Cup. Manchester United will be notably absent from European football. Manchester United drew 1-1 with Southampton in the last game of the season. It was a dismal season for Manchester United, who have never finished outside the top four since the new Premier League era. Sir Alex Ferguson’s successor David Moyes did not live up to the fans’ or the board’s expectations and was sacked with four games still left in the season. In his brief 34-match tenure, Moyes won 17, drew 6 and lost 11 games. Manchester United legend Ryan Giggs took over for the remaining fixtures in which he won two, drew one and lost one. It is believed that Giggs will not continue coaching as Dutch coach Louis Van Gaal is the favourite to fill the position. Southampton, Stoke and Newcastle respectively complete the top half of the table. It has also been a fairy tale season for Crystal Palace and Sunderland. Crystal Palace brought former Stoke City coach Tony Pulis in midseason when they were facing relegation, and eventually finished 11th with 45 points. Sunderland made it to a Wembley final in the Capital One Cup against Manchester City, which they lost 3-1. Sunderland faced some tough fixtures which were a must win to survive. They managed to get a draw against Manchester City and wins against Chelsea and Manchester United to gain valuable points that guaranteed them another season. The 2013/14 Premier League campaign is one of many firsts, ranging from Manuel Pellegrini’s first trophy in his first season, to the first time where two clubs (Manchester City and Liverpool) scored over 100 goals. If the 2013/14 season is anything to go by, the 2014/15 campaign will be one to look forward to.


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2014 Fifa World Cup player profiles




Wayne Rooney (England)

Adnan Januzaj (Belgium)

1. After signing for Manchester United in 2004, Rooney made his mark by scoring a hat-trick on his debut. 2. Rooney won the 2010 PFA Players’ Player of the Year Award after scoring 34 goals in 42 games in the season, including the winning goal in the final of the 2010 Carling Cup. 3. Rooney reached the 200 match mark in the English Premier League in 2008. He was the youngest player ever to reach this milestone. 4. Rooney’s favourite band is the Stereophonics. He has the title of their album Just Enough Education to Perform tattooed on his right forearm. 5. Football giant Lionel Messi only has good things to say about the Manchester United star’s passion. “Rooney would play for €100 a week. You can see the fire in his eyes. It’s the fire which makes him the best of the best,” Messi said.

1. Januzaj scored twice in his first start for Manchester United on 5 October 2013. 2. Januzaj had a wide selection of countries to choose from when deciding who to represent internationally: Albania, Turkey, Serbia and Kosovo lost out as he recently announced that he will play for his home country Belgium. 3. In 2013, after playing only ten matches for Manchester United, Januzaj was nominated for the BBC Young Sports Personality of the Year award. 4. Januzaj is a huge fan of Cristiano Ronaldo and has said, “I watch him a lot and try to do the same things he does.” 5. Two of his uncles belonged to the Kosovo Liberation Army and fought for independence in the Kosovo War.

PSL comes to an end


Ross Barkley (England) 1. Barkley is highly regarded by coaches and managers alike. His Everton manager Roberto Martinez said that Barkley is the “best young English talent I’ve seen and worked with”. 2. Barkley was left devastated when, at 16, he fractured his leg in three places just before his Premier League debut. Although his doctors said that it would be the end of his football career, he refused to give up and continued to train until he could play for Everton and England again. 3. Barkley worked his way up through Everton’s youth system. He started playing for Everton when he was 11 years old. 4. Barkley made the shortlist for this season’s PFA Young Player of the Year award. 5. Because his grandfather is Nigerian, Barkley was eligible to play for both the Nigerian international team and the English national team. He chose England and has worked his way up through the ranks.

UP-Tuks 1 to defend cup KAYA NOCANDA

Sundowns celebrate winning the title. Image:

ABONGILE SKOSANA The Premier Soccer League (PSL) ended on 10 May with Mamelodi Sundowns being crowned the 2013/2014 champions at the Harry Gwala Stadium in Pietermaritzburg. Mamelodi Sundowns managed to win the trophy and walk away with R10 million prize money, as well as breaking the record by winning the league with 65 points, the highest since the tournament was established in 1996. Sundowns coach Pitso Mosimane became the first black South African coach to win the PSL tournament. Mosimane was delighted with the result and showed gratitude to the Sundowns team saying, “I would like to thank everyone from the kit manager to all the legends who work at Sundowns.” He added, “Look, it has been difficult but I said we’ll win it. We deserve all the credit.”

The team will be playing in the Confederation of African Football (CAF) Champions League next year. “We want to go into Africa and do better than what Pirates and Chiefs did. We have that ambition. The sky’s the limit,” said Sundowns midfielder and striker Surprise Moriri. Sundowns last won the title in 2007 and are now six time PSL champions. After 14 years in the PSL, Golden Arrows have been relegated to the National First Division (NFD) after their final game against Orlando Pirates. “But for me, I’m very proud of the players. For me playing against a team that’s in four cup final[s], you have to be proud, and I think that Orlando Pirates are a quality team and I have to be proud,” said Golden Arrows coach Shaun Bartlett. Polokwane City will be competing in the relegation play-offs against Black Leopards and Milano United after their loss against SuperSport United on Saturday.

Defending champions of the BBRU Carlton Cup UP-Tuks 1 kicked off the defence of their title with a resounding 54-21 away win against Harlequins on 10 May. UP-Tuks led 33-7 at half time and were able to score eight tries in the game. The Tuks side is the favourite to win the title this year after having beaten the Eastern Eagles in last year’s final. The winner of this year’s edition of the competition will take part in next year’s Cell C Community Cup. The Community Cup has grown in popularity since its inception in 2013 after having replaced the National Club Championship. The winner of this year’s Carlton Cup will be placed in Pool B alongside the winners from the Gauteng, Free State and Limpopo regions. A regional qualifier will also be added into the mix which will see a total of five teams in the pool. This year’s Carlton Cup consists of seven teams after Silver Valke pulled out of the competition. Each team will play each other once in the first round. The second round is then contested by two pools, with final log standings in the first round facilitating the division of the various teams. The top four seeded teams in the log standings will participate in the cup, while the bottom three teams face off in the shield. The teams in respective pools will play against each other once. The team that finishes with the most points in the cup will then face the team that finishes second in the final, which will be held at Loftus Versfeld on 9 August. According to team manager Morris Gilbert, the Tuks side has a squad of around 60 players to choose from for this competition. This bodes well for the Tuks side, considering the fact that they still need to participate in the USSA Championships in Grahamstown from 28 June to 4 July before the second round of the Carlton Cup kicks off on 19 July. The depth that the side possesses gives them an advantage over most of the teams they will face in the Carlton Cup.

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19 May 2014 Issue 12 Year 76  

Perdeby - Official student newspaper of the University of Pretoria