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Fats, Molasses & Sugars A showcase of fats and molasses/sugar products used in feed Adams & Green Ltd

leader has been strengthened even further by UM Group’s global logistics and market knowledge. This includes the evolution of the ALF business from purchasing only ex-Rotterdam, to becoming a global buyer at source origin. This has given us more control and greater visibility of our supply chain and raw material traceability. We are committed to supplying the highest quality products at all times, in the most cost effective way. Our long established trading links and product expertise ensure Advanced Liquid Feeds is able to react

Adams & Green Ltd are a dynamic, family owned feed fats and oils

immediately to any change in customer and legislative requirements

business based in East Yorkshire and have developed a range of

and the increasingly volatile fluctuations in vegetable oil markets.

products such as Leciol that can improve feed conversion rates and

All our feed fat blends are manufactured solely at our Liverpool

save feed costs compared to traditional feed fats and oils. Feed Glycerol

terminal to FEMAS requirements. Dedicated to serving the needs of

80 is an effective, low cost alternative to palm based feed fats where

our customers, Advanced Liquid Feeds continue to offer the complete

dust management and pellet quality are requirements. A further product

package to suit feed manufacturers in all aspects of their feed fat

development is a range of medium chain fats and oils that have proven


anti-microbial properties that can reduce the use of antibiotics.

Advanced Liquid Feeds Ltd


Adams and Green also supply a range of traditional feed fats and

167 Regent Road, Liverpool L20 8DD

oils for mono-gastric and ruminant feed mills, soyabean oil for farm

Tel +44 (0)151 955 4880 Fax +44 (0)151 955 4881

based milling and a range of oils and fats such as soya acid oil, omega


3 fish oil and rapeseed oil. Adams and Green are FEMAS registered and take a leading role in promoting and implementing ever higher standards of quality in the industry such as online access to all dioxin and pesticide residue analysis. Adams & Green deliver all products in their own liveried fleet of vehicles, operated by their own trained drivers, ensuring full control, service quality, flexibility and product traceability. For more information contact Adams & Green: Adams & Green Ltd. Crosslands Lane, North Cave, East Yorkshire, HU15 2PG Tel: 01430 426933 Fax: 01430 424877 Email: Website:

AZELIS Azelis Animal Nutrition distributes the ‘Energizer’ range of premium rumen protected fats produced by IFFCO Malaysia from refined, fully sustainable Malaysian palm oil sources and certified to the GMP+ quality assurance standard. Energizer RP10 is a pure 100% fat delivering both a high level of palmitic acid (‘C16’, typically 88 – 92%) and the highest possible dietary energy concentration. A white, free flowing flake, Energizer RP10 is both palatable and highly digestible whilst its high melting point ensures it remains rumen inert. It is therefore ideal for boosting both milk yield and butterfat concentration, helping farmers take advantage of milk compositional quality premiums or avoid quality penalties. Its

Advanced Liquid Feeds Ltd Advanced Liquid Feeds Ltd is the UK market leader in blended feed fats. From its inception, the philosophy of Advanced Liquid Feeds Ltd (ALF) has been to drive a feed fat business centred on high quality, trusted products, top-level service and unrivalled technical knowledge. Since joining the UM Group, our position as the UK market

Page 50 March/April 2017 Feed Compounder

rumen stability means it is preferred over alternative protected fat sources where high levels of supplementation are required and in dietary situations predisposing to low rumen pH or low milk fat content, eg TMR’s based on acidic silage and/or high starch content, spring grazing etc. Energizer RP10 is also available in beaded form to facilitate handling in the feed mill and inclusion in compound feed. Energizer Gold is a calcium soap prepared using fresh palm fatty acid distillate. Presented as a yellow/pale brown, free flowing granule for ease of handling, the product retains much of the anti-oxidant

activity present in palm oil. It can be added to both compound feed

in situations where rumen pH is likely to fall below 6.0, the feeding of

formulations or farm-prepared TMR’s to help increase energy density

calcium salts is not recommended because rumen fat protection may

and subsequent animal performance.

be affected.

Monopropylene glycol (MPG), used as a readily absorbable energy source for pre- and post-partum ruminants, is available in both liquid (100%) and solid (60%) forms. New Product: New Protected Fat with a unique fatty acid profile launching shortly. More info soon. Azelis, Alexander House, Crown Gate, Runcorn, WA7 2UP, UK Tel: (+44) 07816 962409

Butterboost 2 is a 100% fat, distilled from palm oil to raise the level of palmitic acid (C16:0) to over 90% and is used to help support milk butterfat as well as yield. It is the preferred fat for use in TMRs where acidic silage forms a significant part of the diet or where rumen pH is likely to fall below 6.0. Butterboost 2 has a rumen by-pass level of 95% and a digestibility in excess of 90%.


Farm-O-San Pro-Keto is a liquid supplementary dietetic feed developed

to support high yielding dairy cows and help reduce the risk of ketosis. It includes essential ingredients required for a good start to lactation and the maintenance of healthy liver function - glycerine and propylene

ED&F Man Liquid Products UK Limited

glycol supply highly effective extra energy while niacin, choline and

ED&F Man Liquid Products

vitamin B12 improve the efficiency of energy utilization. It may also be

is the leading supplier of

fed to ewes around lambing when they are susceptible to twin lamb

molasses based liquid

disease (pregnancy ketosis).

products to the feed

Farm-O-San Pro-Keto Dry is a supplementary dietetic feed based on

manufacturing industry.

chicory pulp and propylene glycol as energy sources, together with

Offering a range of product

niacin, choline and vitamin B12 to improve the efficiency of energy

options to suit individual production needs. Whether you are looking for molasses as a raw material ingredient of more specialist coating

utilization. It is designed for use in high yielding dairy cows, and ewes around lambing, to help reduce the risk of ketosis.

products we can supply highly cost effective solutions to meet the ever increasing demands of our industry. In the global market Molasses prices have remained relatively stable for some time but the dramatic changes in currency since the Brexit vote has put upward pressure on UK molasses prices along with other key feed ingredients. However molasses blends still represent excellent value especially as sugars are now recognised as a key nutritional component of an effective ruminant ration and are vital in producing good quality pellets. It is therefore important to look at maximising inclusions in compound feed formulations The Millspec range offers cost effective options designed to

Trouw Nutrition GB, Blenheim House, Blenheim Road Ashbourne, Derbyshire DE6 1HA T: 01335 341100 F: 01335 341171 E:

supply high levels of nutrition with ease of handling to ensure high quality pellet production Molglo/Blendflo: The market leader in coating product technology, if one of our current range doesn’t fit the bill we will work together to produce a bespoke solution tailored to our customers specific needs. ED&F Man can also offer bespoke products formulated to exactly meet customers’ individual requirements.

Trouw Nutrition GB

United Molasses GB Ltd United Molasses offers a range of molasses products developed specifically to meet the diverse needs of compound animal feed manufacturers. Our range consists of high energy liquids such as Feed Cane in addition to products with modified flow characteristics such as Millflow to help ease any potential handling issues. We

Trouw Nutrition is active in the high energy supplements and rumen-

believe our product range allows us to offer a liquid that will fit every

protected fat market with both a calcium soap and a high C16:0

mill situation.


At United Molasses we have also developed an extensive range of

Maxfat CS is a proven calcium soap. Calcium salts of palm fatty acids

specialist coating products that includes our Molablend range which

(84% fat) are particularly useful in compound feeds not only to boost

caters to the diverse needs of coarse mixes and blended feeds. These

ration energy levels, but also to help improve pellet quality. However,

products supply all the nutritional benefits of molasses while also

Feed Compounder March/April 2017 Page 51

significantly enhancing the physical appearance of the finished mix. United Molasses GB Ltd

from Volac and VWFI. Key products within the range include the established novel high-

48 Gracechurch Street

C16 products developed specifically by VWFI called Mega-Fat 88 and


Mega-Fat Extra. Mega-Fat 88 contains a high (88%) concentration of the active C16

EC3V 0EJ Tel +44 (0)151 955 4850

raw material known to increase milk fat %. The minimal proportion of

Fax +44 (0) 151 955 4860

the lower melting point (‘softer’) fatty acids in the formulation, produce


a highly rumen-bypass product which can help improve quality of

compound feeds compared to other typical high-C16 products. Mega-Fat Extra is a further extension of the high-C16 range,

Volac Wilmar Feed Ingredients

containing a very high concentration (97%) of C16 to deliver the maximum proportion of the active fatty acid to stimulate milk fat production and improved quality of high fat concentrate pellets. Mega-Energy is an energy supplement with both C16 to increase milk fat and C18:0 as an energy source. For monogastrics, VWFI have introduced Mega-One, a solid fat source of digestible triglycerides providing energy, together with lecithin to promote better fat digestibility. High melting point fatty acids improve meat quality.

Volac Wilmar Feed Ingredients (VWFI), a joint venture between Volac

Volac Wilmar Feed Ingredients Limited,

and Wilmar International Ltd, has introduced an extended range of feed

50 Fishers Lane, Orwell, Royston,

fat supplements to complement the world-leading Megalac brand.

Hertfordshire, SG8 5XQ.

Megalac is a rumen-protected fat widely-proven to improve milk


yield and cow fertility. Manufactured for over 30 years, Megalac has a

T: 01223 208021

global presence and is the key brand in the ‘Mega’ range of feed fats

Fats for Ruminants By Dr Richard Kirkland, Volac Wilmar ruminant nutritionist

Fat in diets

These issues can be reduced by use of rumen-protected (rumen-

Fat is an essential component of balanced diets and is often added to

inert) fats which pass through the rumen intact with the fat released for

increase energy density – crucially without increasing the acid load in

digestion when it passes to the small intestine.

the rumen. However, fats are not simply energy sources and individual fatty acids have different metabolic functions which help determine the

Fat supplements

effect they may have on animal production.

There is a plethora of rumen-protected fat supplements on the market

Traditional forage/concentrate-based diets typically have a low fat concentration (around 3% of diet DM) and increasing diet fat above

targeted to ruminant animals and in particular, dairy cows. A summary of the primary product types is presented in Table 1.

this level with vegetable or fish oils, or other high fat ingredients, can lead to problems in the rumen, including: 1.

Table 1: Common fat supplement types

Formation of an oil ‘slick’ preventing rumen bacteria from digesting fibre.

Fat type


Fatty acid toxicity to strains of rumen bacteria.

Calcium salt


Formation of milk fat-depressing trans fatty acids.



Binding of minerals, reducing availability for bacterial growth


and rumen function.


Page 52 March/April 2017 Feed Compounder

Method of rumen protection Insoluble in rumen

Main fatty acids (typical) C16:0, C18:1 Typically > 80% C16:0

High melting point

C16:0, C18:0 C16:0

Calcium salts are most-commonly based on palm fatty acid distillate

Many of the high-C16 supplements available have an unsaturated

(PFAD). Digestibility is high (reflecting their content of unsaturated fatty

fatty acid concentration of 10% or more. These ‘softer’, low melting

acids), which contributes to the high net energy (NE) value, (27.3 MJ/

point, fatty acids are potentially released in the rumen where they may

kg DM) measured in-vivo (Andrew et al., 1991). Furthermore, the post-

exert negative effects as noted previously.

ruminal delivery of unsaturated oleic acid (C18:1), a known amphiphile,

Hydrogenated fats available in Europe have primarily been based

to the small intestine can also act to improve digestion of total fat in

on PFAD, resulting in products with a more-balanced supply of C16:0

the ration, leading to improved feed efficiency and increased energy

and C18:0 with the characteristic aroma of the raw material. At near

available from the diet.

100% fat these supplements commonly have a C16:0 contribution to

Rumen stability is an important aspect of calcium salts and can vary

promote milk fat, while data indicates a potential tissue preference for

by fatty acid composition and physical structure (grist size). Research

C18:0 as a metabolic energy source to promote milk yield and productive

undertaken with calcium salts of PFAD has reported rumen stability of

functions compared to straight C16:0 sources. However, research

90% even at pH as low as 5.5 (Sukhija and Palmquist, 1990).

indicates that digestibility of C18:0 declines with increasing supply,

In addition to increased milk production, improved fertility is a key

such that these products can have lower digestibility and NE than the

target with calcium salt supplementation, with potential mechanisms

calcium salt products. These formulations are useful supplements as

including improved energy status, increased progesterone production

general energy sources to increase milk and milk solids.

and improved viability of ovulated eggs. As highlighted in Table 2, cows

While those fat supplements discussed previously have been

offered a higher fat diet containing calcium salts had a significantly

based on free fatty acids, a further category of product commonly

higher rate of blastocyst production from both in-vitro fertilised (IVF)

included in animal feeds for ruminants, as well as monogastrics, is

oocytes and cleaved embryos. Similarly, higher total and trophectoderm

based on triglycerides. These products are often highly saturated, with

cell numbers indicate better quality blastocysts that may improve their

the primary fatty acid as C16:0 and contain a proportion of glycerol

subsequent development.

which may contribute to glucose supply in the lower digestive tract.

Table 2: Increased blastocyst production through provision of

of milk fat-boosting C16:0, they are generally considered the least

higher-fat diet

digestible for ruminants, with rate of ruminal lipolysis indicated as

Though triglycerides can provide an energy source and a supply

the limiting factor. Hence, NE supply from these product types is Parameter

Low fat

High fat


Blastocyst / IVF




Blastocyst / cleaved




Total cells




Trophectoderm cells




Fouladi-Nashta et al. (2007)

typically lower than the near-100% fat content may indicate, though as triglycerides they are less likely to stimulate hypophagic sensors in the upper small intestine than are free fatty acids. These formulations are useful supplements as generic energy for ruminants (and monogastrics) to increase energy density. With so many options available it is important to have clear unbiased advice on what type of feed fat to use for ruminants to meet specific objectives at farm level.

A further common group of fat supplements are those categorised as ‘high-C16’ fats, containing close to 100% fat and characterised by palmitic acid (C16:0) concentrations typically 80% or above and near-neutral odour. Several studies have demonstrated the milk fat-

Table 3: Milk production effects of dietary supplementation with C16:0

stimulating effect of C16:0, with potential mechanisms including an


increased absorption efficiency from the blood, preferential usage for milk fat triglyceride synthesis and stimulation of triglyceride synthesis




Milk yield (kg/d)




Milk fat (%)




through preferential attachment of C16:0 at specific sites on the

Milk fat yield (kg/d)





(Piantoni et al., 2013

As demonstrated in Tables 3 and 4, responses to C16:0 supplementation (2% of dietary DM) are variable and may reflect differences in stage of lactation, basal diet fat concentration and

Table 4: Effects of C16:0 on milk and milk fat production

genetics amongst others. These data indicate differential use of the C16:0 fatty acid supplements in support of milk and milk fat production





and it is important to remember that the greater the proportion of the

Milk yield (kg/d)




C16:0 supplement used for milk fat production, then the lower the

Milk fat (%)




proportion available for oxidation to supply energy for milk and other

Milk fat yield (kg/d)




productive purposes.

(De Souza et al., 2015

Feed Compounder March/April 2017 Page 53

Fats molasses & sugars  

Fats, molasses & sugar products used in animal feed

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