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July/August 2017



Vol. 37 No. 4

Contents Published by: Pentlands Publishing Ltd Plas Y Coed Velfrey Road Whitland SA34 0RA United Kingdom Web site: www.feedcompounder.com E-mail:


Editor: Andrew Mounsey Tel: +44 (0) 1994 240002 Mobile: +44 (0)7950 886644

Advertisement/Sales Manager: Fiona Mounsey Tel: +44 (0) 1994 240002 Mobile: +44 (0)7957 113355


Opinion: New Hand at the Helm


Editor’s Notebook


The Cultura Interview: James Maw


Report on 2016


By Roger W Dean

Focus on Dairy Efficiencies at TotalDairy Seminar 2017


Out & About: A Visit to Harpers Feeds


By Andrew Mounsey

Green Pages


Feed Trade Topics From the Island of Ireland

Society of Feed Technologists 50th Anniversary Event


Memories of a Feed Milling Man


By Alf Croston

Dosing Slide vs Dosing Screw


By Jos Verleg

Roger W. Dean

Sponsored Case Study: Bagging Efficiency Boosted by 15%


Subscription rates:

Compound Feed Production in the EU 2016 vs 2015


Are Mycotoxins a Manageable Problem?


Print and On-Line One year: £80/€100/$130 Two years: £150/€185/$245 Three years: £200/€250/$325 On-Line Only (No Print Copy) One year: £60/€75/$100 Two years: £114/€142/$190 Three years: £153/€190/$250

ISSN 0950-771X Views expressed by contributors are not necessarily those of the Publisher. © Feed Compounder 2017

By Radka Borutova

New Products in the Feed Industry


Feed Production, Raw Material & Prices Data


Products Influencing Feed Characteristics


In Brief


Spotlight on Feed Mill Process Engineering




Review of European Medicated Feed Regulation


Buyers’ Guide


Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 1

opinion New Hand at the Helm In the wake of the Prime Minister’s decision to call an early General

they begin to debate the long-term future of agriculture in the UK.

Election – and, following its widely unanticipated outcome – some

Many farmers and, indeed, the agricultural supply trade will have

adjustment of the structure of government was necessary. Only a few

been gratified to find that their new Environment Secretary was, to coin

days after the electorate had handed down its verdict, Michael Gove

a phrase, a big hitter, not a nonentity to be parked safely out of harm’s

was appointed Environment Secretary, replacing Andrea Leadsom

way. However, there is a view that many high-ranking civil servants,

who becomes Leader of the House of Commons.

notably in the Treasury, are viscerally opposed to the payment of

This was followed by the Queen’s Speech announcing a series

subsidies to farmers. What should concern the agricultural supply

of measures including an Agriculture Bill which, according to the best

trade is the extent to which Mr Gove or his acolytes share that view.

available accounts, will put into place an agricultural support system

He is quoted as saying during the referendum campaign that leaving

reportedly equivalent to that which farmers would have received

the EU would result in the UK’s ability to negotiate better trade deals

under the Common Agricultural Policy, had the result of the Brexit

and have access to cheaper food once the UK was free of the market

referendum gone the other way.

distorting protectionism of the EU. Now he is DEFRA Secretary and

The new Agriculture Bill, duly transformed into an Act of

has the opportunity to put his money where his mouth is.

Parliament (although that process may not be as straightforward

Feed Compounder, while entirely approving the introduction

as might have been the case, given the Prime Minister’s loss of

of a transitional agricultural act to connect the era of the Common

her majority in the House of Commons) will be, at best, an interim

Agricultural Policy with a longer-term UK agricultural environment,

measure. The more important part of Mr Gove’s administration will be

believes that the debate over what should succeed the transitional

the legislation that the government puts in place to form a permanent

legislation should get under way as soon as possible.

basis for UK agricultural policy.

The debate is likely to centre around two poles and it will be

Who is Mr Gove and what does he know about agriculture in

important to ascertain towards which pole Mr Gove’s compass leads.

general and the agricultural supply trade in particular, you may ask.

On the one hand, there is a view that the UK is too small to produce a

Feed Compounder would respectfully point out to Mr Gove that food

significant proportion of the food required by the UK’s estimated 65.5

and drink is the UK’s largest manufacturing sector. It contributes

million people and that, in consequence, the UK should seek out the

£28 billion to the economy, according to one authoritative source.

bulk of its food supplies where they can be sourced most cheaply.

Europe is the food and drink industry’s largest export market. The

On the other hand, there is the view that agriculture contributes

same source says that the food and drinks industry accounts for 13.5

substantially to the economic and environmental well-being of the

per cent of national employment. It points out that as the UK only

rural areas of the UK.

produces half of what we eat, Europe provides a quarter of what we consume.

The agricultural supply trade should readily admit that it has a substantial vested interest in the outcome of this debate because its

It is reported that environmentalists in general and the green

size and structure will be, in a number of ways, correlated with the

lobby in particular are ‘dismayed’ at the appointment of Mr Gove as

structure and prosperity of farming in the UK. Yet it should not be

Environment Secretary. They are entitled to their opinion as are we

forgotten the agricultural supply trade provides a significant degree of

all. What will be of greater importance to farming and the agricultural

investment and employment in the rural economy of the UK. Should

supply trade will be what stirs Mr Gove’s mind as regards the follow-on

the debate over the future of agriculture in the UK go the way of what

to the present government’s Agricultural Transition Bill. The transition

may be regarded as the minimalist pathway, much would be lost to

will be between the regime that has governed UK agriculture for nigh

rural incomes through the concomitant contraction of the agricultural

on forty years – the Common Agricultural Policy – and the regime

supply trade, including its feed manufacturing component.

that Mr Gove or his successors may wish to introduce following the

There is much at stake here. There are many advantages in

Agricultural Transition Act, once this piece of legislation is ensconced

having an Environment Secretary of Mr Gove’s political stature closely

in the Statute Book. And it is this successor regime which should be

involved with the industry’s fortunes. Now the trade collectively needs

concerning the representatives both of farmers and their suppliers, as

to get him fully on board at the earliest possible moment.

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Weather Watch

higher than those defined as ‘normal’ for the period under review. The

Your correspondent can testify to the fact that flaming June was, indeed,

month of April saw a more modest rise in average temperatures across

‘flaming’, at least in part, as he sought to write the present column in

the UK, just 0.6°C higher than ‘usual’, but May saw the thermometer

temperatures representing a forty-year high for the period in question.

climbing to 1.7°C higher than normal with Northern Ireland returning

And, with each day that passed, the stories of what may have been

1.9° C to the good.

in store grew more fanciful, despite valiant efforts by forecasters to

It is difficult to define the effects that these elevated temperatures

place the ‘heatwave’ in context. One would obviously expect the BBC

have on demand for feed; as far as grass growth is concerned, rainfall

to issue measured comments upon the weather situation; a modest

will also exert its influence on what happens in ruminant grazing areas

‘hottest June day since the summer of 1976’ was their headline.

and the prevalence of sunshine is also likely to play a role. In January,

However, the Daily Telegraph, not a newspaper normally given over

and also in April and May across the UK, rainfall was in relatively short

to sensationalism, proclaimed that ‘Britain could sizzle on hottest June

supply although in February and March it was close to ‘normal’; it must,

day for 176 years’. 176 years? It was left to the Daily Express to offer

however, be admitted that Wales got quite a soaking in March with

some hope of relief as its columns proclaimed that ‘More extensive

141 per cent of its seasonal average. As regards hours of sunshine,

thunderstorms may then break out over a larger part of England and

across the UK as a whole, these were largely longer than normal with

Wales from late Wednesday afternoon onwards into Wednesday night,

the notable exception of February when the UK received only 79 per

leading to torrential downpours, frequent lightning and a chance of

cent of its ‘normal’ allocation; April was also on the gloomy side where

hail’. It should be noted that none of these extreme weather predictions

sunshine in Northern Ireland was concerned. A longer-term indicator as to where the UK’s climate may be

proved to be reliable. All-in-all, however, 2017 is proving, at least so far, to be a

heading is given by the reference periods, against which the differences

remarkably warm year. Each succeeding month has shown average

or ‘anomalies’ between current and ‘normal’ temperatures, rainfall and

temperatures across the UK as being above ‘normal’, the latter term

sunshine are derived.

being defined as the average temperatures for the month in question

For example, using the current definition of ‘normal’ (in other words,

based on the years 1981 to 2010. January saw temperatures across

the period running between 1981 and 2010) shows UK temperatures

the UK at a modest 0.2° C above ‘normal’ and this was only because

in January 2017 as being 0.2°C above normal. However, if we use an

of markedly higher temperatures in Wales, Scotland and Northern

earlier Meteorological Office ‘reference’ period, that of 1971 – 2000,

Ireland; in England, temperatures were 0.3°C lower than normal.

then UK temperatures in January 2017 were 0.5°C above ‘normal’

However, in February, average temperatures across the UK were 1.6°C

and, if we use an even earlier Met Office reference period, that of

to the good with England leading the charge with temperatures 1.8°C

1961 – 1990, UK temperatures in January 2017 were 0.9°C above

higher than the average for the reference period in question. In March,

normal. This progression illustrates how average temperatures in the

temperatures went one better; across the UK, they were 1.8°C warmer

UK would appear to have risen, based on comparison with the changing

than the average temperatures for the 1981 – 2010 period in question

reference periods.

with, once again, England leading the pack with temperatures 2.2°C

The Met Office will have delivered its verdict on average UK temperatures in June in the first few days of July; comment on this in due course.

Editor’s Notebook is sponsored by

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3,956,200 tonnes, 46,100 tonnes or 1.2 per cent more than during the corresponding period of 2016. To put this figure into context, this is the

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highest total for the four months in question since data started to be

feeds, the former down by 12,000 tonnes or 10.6 per cent while the latter

collated in its present form in 1992. It should be added that, in addition,

was down by 26,000 tonnes or 8.3 per cent. In contrast, and perhaps

there was a total of 43,800 tonnes of ‘other processed feedingstuffs

indicative of a developing upturn, production of link and early grower

for delivery in straight form’.

feeds, at 37,600 tonnes was up by 7,600 tonnes or just over a quarter.

Production of feeds for cattle and calves during the period under

There was also a quantitatively small but proportionately large increase

review amounted to 1,441,800 tonnes, 47,900 tonnes or 3.4 per

in production of protein concentrates for pigs, at 3,800 tonnes, up by

cent more than during the corresponding period of 2016. This total

900 tonnes or 31 per cent compared with the same period of 2016.

accounted for 36.4 per cent of total production of compounds, blends

This may be suggestive of producers turning increasingly to utilizing

and concentrates, up from 35.6 per cent during the corresponding

their own feed resources with additional use of protein concentrates

period a year earlier.

to provide a proper balance to the ensuing rations.

There was a significant increase in the production of feeds for

Production of feeds for pigs accounted for 14.6 per cent of total

calves during the period under review. Production of 86,400 tonnes was

production during the first four months of 2017, down from 15.8 per

14,600 tonnes or 20.3 per cent more than in the corresponding period

cent during the corresponding period a year earlier.

a year earlier. But the major contributor to the increase in production of

Production of feeds for poultry during the first four months of 2017

feeds for cattle and calves was production of compounds for dairy cows

amounted to 1,263,400 tonnes, up by 4,700 tonnes or 0.4 per cent

which, at 692,700 tonnes, were 37,400 tonnes or 5.7 per cent more than

compared with the equivalent period of 2016. However, it should be

in the equivalent period of 2016. Production of blended feeds for dairy

borne in mind, when looking at the data for poultry feeds data that, as

cows, on the other hand, at 293,400 tonnes, was just 6,100 tonnes or

a result of a review by DEFRA of some Integrated Poultry Units that

2.1 per cent ahead of year earlier data. These statistics suggest that

produced feed both for their own use and feed for retail sale, data has

the crisis that has characterised the dairy sector in recent months, the

been adjusted from August 2015. This has resulted in an increase in

result of over-production of milk and consequent low prices, may be

compound poultry feed and a decrease in feed produced by integrated

close to working itself out.

poultry units. In addition, DEFRA’s data has been updated with final

Production of other compounds for cattle, at 239,900 tonnes was less by 8,700 tonnes or 3.5 per cent than in the same months a year

2016 data for those smaller companies which are only surveyed annually.

earlier while production of non-dairy blends at 103,600 tonnes was

With this in mind, total production of poultry feeds during the

less by 1,700 tonnes or 1.7 per cent. There was also a decrease in

period under review accounted for 31.9 per cent of total production;

production of protein concentrates for cattle and calves, from 29,000

this compares with 32.2 per cent for the four months a year earlier. At

tonnes to 25,800 tonnes during the four months under review, a decline

657,300 tonnes, production of the largest component of poultry feeds,

of 3,200 tonnes or 11 per cent.

broiler feeds, was 9,200 tonnes or 1.4 per cent more than in the first

Production of feeds for pigs during the four months under review

four months of 2016 while production of the second largest component

amounted to a total of 578,300 tonnes; this figure compares with an

of poultry feed production, layer feeds, was up by 2,400 tonnes or 0.7

equivalent volume of 616,200 tonnes during the same four months a

per cent. There were reductions in the output of poultry breeding and

year earlier, equivalent to a decline of 37,900 tonnes or 6.2 per cent.

rearing feeds, at 109,800 tonnes down by 4,900 tonnes or 4.3 per cent

The major reductions in production were in grower and finisher

and in production of ‘all other poultry feeds’, at 53,400 tonnes, down

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by 4,700 tonnes or 8.1 per cent.

question since records started to be kept in their present form in 1992.

Taking into account the effects of DEFRA’s review of poultry feed

The bulk of this category of feeds is thought to consist of feeds for fish

production, it may be noted that production in the first four months of

with salmon at the top of the agenda; however, it is understood that

2017 of 1.26 million tonnes was the largest since data on poultry feed

detailed data for these feeds is not available due to matters related to

production was first presented in its present form in 1992 and the fifth

commercial confidentiality.

successive four-monthly period in which poultry feed production has exceeded a million tonnes.

In addition to production of retail feedingstuffs described above, production of integrated poultry units needs to be taken into account.

Total production of feeds for sheep and lambs, at 466,200 tonnes,

During the first four months of 2017, production by such units amounted

was 10,900 tonnes or 2.4 per cent more than in the corresponding four

to 691,800 tonnes, of which 497,900 tonnes – 72 per cent – consisted

months of 2016 and accounted for 11.8 per cent of total production,

of feeds for broiler poultry. Production during the equivalent four months

compared with 11.6 per cent a year earlier.

of 2016 amounted to 709,700 tonnes; production during the latest

The major contributor to the increase was in blends for breeding

four months of 2017 was thus 2.5 per cent less than a year earlier.

sheep, at 28,000 tonnes up by 12,100 tonnes or 76.1 per cent and at

Since DEFRA have reviewed production of integrated poultry feeds

their highest total for the four months in question since records were

from August 2015, the figures described above may be regarded as

first kept in their present form in 1996. This stands in sharp contrast


to the production of compounds for breeding sheep which, at 252,200

From the volume point-of-view at least, developments as far

tonnes, were down by 5,000 tonnes or just short of 2 per cent. There

as the feed industry so far in 2017 may be regarded as reasonably

were small increases in the production of both compounds and blends

satisfactory. We shall see how matters progress as we move on into

for finishing animals; the former at 162,100 tonnes was up by 2,900

the summer months to come.

tonnes or 1.8 per cent and the latter at 21,200 tonnes was up by 1,200 tonnes or 6 per cent. The star performer where feeds for sheep and

Northern Ireland Outlook

lambs were concerned, however, was certainly in blended feeds for

Elsewhere in this edition of Feed Compounder, it is noted that the

breeding stock.

proportion of feed manufactured in Northern Ireland relative to

Production of feeds for horses, at 66,200 tonnes during the four

production in the UK as a whole underwent a significant expansion

months under review, was just 2,000 tonnes or 2.9 per cent less than

between the early 1990’s and the early years of the present century.

during the corresponding months of 2016. The balance of prepared

This makes production data from Northern Ireland of particular

compounds, blends and concentrates, amounting to 140,300 tonnes


during the first four months of 2017, was 22,700 tonnes or 19.3 per

Production of compounds, blends and concentrates during the

cent more than in the equivalent period a year earlier and it was also,

first four months of 2017 amounted to 854,300 tonnes, 41,800 tonnes

and by some distance, the largest total recorded for the period in

or 5.1 per cent more than in the equivalent months of 2016.

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Production of feeds destined for cattle and calves amounted to

accounted for 8.7 per cent of total production during the period in

452,300 tonnes during the period under review, 23,600 tonnes or 5.5

question, compared to 8.3 per cent during the corresponding period a

per cent more than the equivalent months of 2016. There were small

year earlier. At 74,000 tonnes, total production of feeds for pigs was

increases in the production of feeds for calves but, in volume terms, the

at an eighteen-year high.

major increases were in compound feeds for adult cattle. Production

There was increased production of starter and creep feeds, link

of compounds for beef cattle, at 61,800 tonnes, were 14,100 tonnes

and early grower feeds and finishing feeds and a very small, possibly

or 29.6 per cent ahead of production during the first four months of

insignificant decline in feeds for growing pigs. There was also a small

2016 while production of compound feeds for dairy cattle, at 186,900

decline, down by 200 tonnes or 1.9 per cent, in production of feeds

tonnes, was 9,900 tonnes or 5.6 per cent ahead of the equivalent

for breeding pigs.

period a year earlier. This appears to follow the pattern established

At 262,200 tonnes, production of feeds for poultry was ahead of the

in Great Britain, reflecting a much more optimistic outlook in the dairy

first four months of 2016 by 11,500 tonnes or 4.6 per cent. Production of

sector as a whole.

feeds for poultry constituted 30.7 per cent of total output of compounds,

In contrast, there were very small increases in the production of coarse mixes and blends for beef cattle and a 1,400 tonne or 1.6 per

blends and concentrates, slightly down on the 30.9 per cent recorded during the same period of 2016.

cent fall in production of these feeds for dairy cattle. The switch from

The major contributor to increased volumes was production of layer

blends to compounds suggests that confidence in the dairy sector

and breeder feeds, at 90,200 tonnes up by 8,400 tonnes or 10.2 per cent

was rapidly recovering from the depression characterising the second

compared with the corresponding period a year earlier. Production of

half of 2016.

feeds for broilers, at 150,000 tonnes, was ahead of year-earlier levels

Production of feeds for cattle and calves amounted to 52.9 per

by 5,400 tonnes or 3.7 per cent. There were small volume decreases

cent of total production during the period under review, marginally

in the production of feeds for chick rearing and for turkeys and ‘other’

higher than the 52.8 per cent recorded during the same period a year

poultry although in percentage terms, the decreases were quite large


at, respectively, 8.4 per cent and 10.3 per cent.

Production of feeds for pigs during the first four months of 2017

The 262,200 tonnes recorded for production of poultry feeds in

amounted to 74,000 tonnes, 6,600 tonnes or 9.8 per cent more than

Northern Ireland during the period under review was the largest since

during the corresponding period of 2016. Production of feeds for pigs

data began to be recorded in its present form in 1996. Production of feeds for sheep and lambs, at 36,500 tonnes during the first four months of 2017 was 600 tonnes or 1.6 per cent lower than

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in the corresponding period of 2016 as increases in the production of growing and finishing compounds for sheep were counteracted by falls in output of breeding sheep compounds and in coarse mixes and blends together with protein concentrates. It is likely that this, at least partially, reflected notably above-normal temperatures in Northern Ireland during the period under review, particularly in February and March when mean temperatures were, respectively, 1°C and 1.4° above the seasonal normal as defined by weather conditions during 1981-2010. To some observers’ surprise, there is no recorded production of

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four months of 2013 when in February and, in particular, March and


remains as the second highest recorded during the past two decades; the feed industry’s progress in Northern Ireland will continue to be followed with particular interest.

30/05/2017 12:52:43

Harvest 2017

enable France to be present on the international stage’. As for winter

As the year progresses, we are beginning to get a clearer idea of how

barley, for which the harvest is more advanced and ‘ten days ahead

supplies for our most important feed ingredients might develop.

of schedule in many region … qualities are good or very good most of

Close to home, the prevalent discussion in many arable farmers’

the time, but yields are variable’. The International Grains Council was due to issue its June update

meetings has been the lack of rain in June. Across the Channel, the prospects for what one analyst called an

in grain and soybean supply and demand shortly after this issue of

accretion of ‘more benign weather’ is projected for France, providing

Feed Compounder closed for publication – this will be reviewed in a

solace for investors’ nerves after the hot weather which has sent the

subsequent publication.

French wheat crop rating to what was described as ‘well below last year’s levels. An official French agency reported that 68 per cent of

USDA Update

the national soft wheat crop was in either ‘good’ or ‘excellent’ condition

In its second essay into worldwide cereal supply and demand prospects

midway through June, down from 74 per cent a week earlier, and 75

for the 2017-18 marketing year, the United States Department of

per cent at the same point in 2016. In mid-June 2015, a whopping 85

Agriculture has boosted world wheat production by just over 1.7 million

per cent of the 2015 crop was rated as good to excellent.

tonnes compared to its May estimate but has cut maize production

Agrimoney reported that the downgrade followed concerns over

by 1.8 million tonnes. The projected total of 739.53 million tonnes of

hot weather which has seen temperatures of 38°C; the downgrade

wheat compares with estimated production of 754.1 million tonnes

was reported to have ‘prompted the government to extend alerts over

during 2016-17. The 2017-18 projection of 1,031.86 million tonnes of

the heatwave to sixty-six French departments’. What is particularly

maize compared with the estimated 1,067.21 million tonnes harvested

concerning is that the highest temperatures were recorded following

in 2016-17. Comparing the latest production of the world wheat harvest in

the original downgrade, raising fears that the French soft wheat crop

2017-18 with the preliminary outcome in 2016-17 shows production of

may have deteriorated further since. This is being discounted by many observers who believe that

wheat in Australia down by 10 million tonnes or 28.6 per cent, following

cooler and wetter conditions are on the way for northern and western

the remarkable and, indeed, record-breaking harvest of 2016-17.

areas. Showers are predicted to return to UK, the south of France,

Russia wheat production for 2017-18 is forecast at 69.0 million tonnes,

northern Spain, northern Italy, northern Germany, Romania, and

up 2.0 million from last month but down 3.53 million tonnes from last

Hungary and this should improve pre-harvest and harvesting conditions

year’s record output. The estimated harvested area of 27.5 million

in some of the affected areas. In France, with the wheat harvest already

hectares is unchanged from USDA’s May projection. The forecast

getting under way, first cuts were not giving any clues about yields but,

total wheat yield of 2.51 tonnes per hectare is 7 per cent below last

according to Agritel, ‘the quality of first cuts looks very good and will

year’s record but is still 8 per cent above the 5-year average. All USDA

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crop production estimates for Russia exclude estimated output from

9.1 per cent from last year. The harvested area is estimated at 1.45

Crimea, not officially regarded as part of Russia since its seizure by

million hectares, down 1 per cent from May’s projection. This month-to-

Russia in 2014.

month decrease is based mainly on delayed planting in Quebec, which

It should be noted that the prospects for Russian wheat are closely

accounts for about 30 per cent of Canada’s national production. Planting

linked to outstanding conditions for winter wheat in the Southern District

in Ontario, the major producing province, is 90 to 95 per cent complete

and North Caucasus District, which, together, account for 60 per cent

and accounts for about 70 per cent of Canada’s national production.

of the country’s winter wheat output and 40 per cent of the total wheat

Matters have been affected by flooding in Ontario and Quebec during

output. Current prospects for winter wheat in the Central and Volga

early May and, although conditions dried out during the latter part of

Districts are reportedly less promising due, in part, to delays in crop

the month, planting delays continue. Planting in Quebec was, at only

development resulting from below normal temperatures. Winter wheat

8 per cent complete, significantly behind the 4-year average of 79 per

accounts for about 70 per cent of Russia’s total wheat output. The June

cent planted by mid-May.

projection of the 2017-18 Ukrainian wheat harvest, at 25 million tonnes, is

The EU maize crop, at 62 million tonnes, is projected at 1.29

unchanged on USDA’s May projection but down by 1.8 million tonnes or

million tonnes or 2.1 per cent more than in 2016-18. The US maize

6.7 per cent compared with the 2016-17 outcome. The EU wheat harvest,

harvest of 357.27 million tonnes is projected as 27.5 million tonnes

at 150.75 million tonnes, is projected up by 5.28 million tonnes or 3.6

or 7.1 per cent lower than in 2016-17. Although this seems likely to

per cent compared with 2016-17. Most likely to impact upon world wheat

presage higher world prices for maize as well as wheat, large opening

prices is the projected decline in the US wheat harvest, at 49.64 million

inventories seem likely to assuage the price pressures arising from

tonnes, down by 13.2 million tonnes or 21 per cent on 2016-17.

lower production in 2017-18.

Regarding maize, while USDA has made a small downwards

Ukraine maize production for 2017-18 is estimated at 28.5 million

adjustment to its 2017-18 global production projection compared to

tonnes, up by 500,000 tonnes from its May projection as well as the

its May projection, largely on account of lower production in Canada,

projected outcome for 2016-17. The month-to-month increase is based

the EU and Ukraine, the projected 2017-18 global harvest is down by

on data from the Ukrainian Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, which

35.35 million tonnes or 3.3 per cent compared with 2016-17.

reports sown area at slightly over 4.46 million hectares with planting

Canadian maize production for 2017-18 is forecast at 14.4 million

99 per cent complete. USDA estimates harvested area at 4.4 million

tonnes, down by 5 per cent from USDA’s May projection and down

hectares, up 100,000 hectares from USDA’s May projection and up

Page 12 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

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area harvested is estimated at 18.7 million hectares, slightly lower than

USDA has made minimal changes to their current projections for

USDA’s May projection and down 4 per cent from 2015-16. Yields, at

soybean production in 2017-18, being largely content to review the

3.10 tonnes per hectare are expected to be above average, up 2 per

latest prospects for 2016-17.

cent from last month and up 7 per cent compared with last year. The

Brazilian soybean production in 2016-17 is estimated at a record

month-to-month increase is based on higher yields for later-planted

114 million tonnes; this is up by 2.4 million tonnes from last month’s

soybeans. These later planted soybeans were expected to have fewer

projection and up by 17.5 million tonnes on 2015-16. Harvested area

pods and branches resulting in lower yields; however, estimated yield

is estimated at 34 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up

increased due to ample moisture throughout the flowering and into

0.7 million hectares from 2015-16. Yield is estimated at a record 3.35

pod-filling stages.

tonnes per hectare, up 2 per cent from last month’s projection and 16 per cent from 2015-16.

NWF Trading Update

What USDA describe as a combination of ‘excellent weather’

The NWF Group has recently issue a trading update, following its

during the growing season, together with the introduction of higher-

financial year end on 31 May 2017. The group consists of feed

yielding varieties produced the record 2016-17 soybean crop for Brazil.

manufacturing and distribution, food storage and distribution and

The majority of the soybean crop being harvested from January through


May, incoming harvest results have continued to indicate a much larger

The group reported that, in the Feeds division, trading improved in

soybean crop than initially anticipated with record yields in many states.

the second half, albeit the year as a whole was down on the previous

Harvesting continues through June in Brazil’s minor soybean growing

year after being impacted by the later than planned opening of its

areas in the North and Northeast regions.

Northern feed mill and the previously reported margin pressure from

In Argentina, rain in late May and early June in northern

increasing commodity costs. NWF said that the feed mill development

Buenos Aires, La Pampa, and northern Argentina slowed soybean

programme had now been completed and ‘was expected to deliver its


planned benefits’. The delayed opening resulted in ‘some additional

Production for 2016-17 is estimated at 57.8 million tonnes, 1 per cent above last month’s projection and 2 per cent above last year. The

exceptional costs being incurred’. The Feed Division’s headline operating loss of £0.3 million

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 13

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aggregate downturn of 1.5 per cent in EU production of 12-04-16 cattle feed. 10:11

of 2015. The business increased volumes in the period, benefitting from

Although poultry feed production was broadly expected ‘to

acquisitions, against a tough market backdrop. However, profitability

perform rather well’ in 2016, the outbreak of avian influenza at the

was adversely impacted by lower market demand for feed in the first

end of 2016 severely impacted several poultry producing regions of

quarter and the rapid increase in commodity prices as a result of global

Europe, in particular France where a 4 per cent decrease in poultry

dynamics and currency movements. NWF’s investment in mill capacity,

feed production was recorded. All in all, EU poultry feed production

both in the North and in Cheshire, continues on track and will benefit

remained almost unchanged in 2016 and feeds for poultry remains the

the division going forward.

single leading segment of EU industrial compound feed production, well ahead of pig feed.

Wynnstay Reports First Half

As regards feeds for pigs, after two years of moderate growth,

The Wynnstay Group has reported its half-year results for the period

EU production of feeds for pigs decreased by 1.5 per cent in 2016.

ending 30 April 2017.

This can partly be explained by the effects of African Swine Fever in

The Group reported that its results benefited from greater demand

Eastern Europe, a factor which weighed heavily on the development

for agricultural inputs over the winter period but were affected by

of pigmeat production; however, a further factor was constituted by

continued subdued trading at its pet products business, Just for Pets.

the low market price for pigmeat during the first half of 2016. This was

The increase in total revenue of £205.32 million (2016: £193.24 million)

compounded by the large availability of feed grade cereals at low prices

was partly driven by higher commodity prices. The group’s adjusted

which benefitted on-farm mixing.

profit before tax, before goodwill & investment impairment charges, is

Taking the EU-28 as a whole, production of feeds for poultry of

£4.07 million (2016: £4.08 million). Excluding the pet products operation,

53.6 million tonnes was just 0.2 per cent lower than in 2015. Production

the Group’s performance for the first six months improved year-on-year,

of feeds for pigs, at 49.4 million tonnes, was 1.6 per cent less than in

with profitability ahead.

2015 while production of feeds for cattle and calves, at 41.4 million tonnes, was 1.5 per cent less than in 2015. For the third year in a

FEFAC Matters

row, Poland was one of the best performing countries in terms of

FEFAC, the European Association of compound feed manufacturers,

volume, with an annual growth of 4.7 per cent boosted, in particular,

held its 28th annual congress in Spain’s Cordoba in early June, including

by demand for poultry feed; this has turned Poland into the largest

a review of compound feed production in 2016.

producer of poultry feed in the EU. The Netherlands, spurred on by

Industrial compound feed production for farmed animals in the EU

demand for dairy feed, recorded growth of 1 per cent compared with

of 28 in 2016 amounted to an estimated volume of 153.4 million tonnes,

2015. Germany, Spain and Belgium all saw their total compound feed

just 1 per cent less than in 2015, according to the data supplied by the

production fall by between 1 and 2 per cent, whereas France saw its

members of the association.

production drop by 4 per cent. Germany strengthened its position as

With regard to feeds for cattle and calves, there were wide and contrasting differences throughout Europe. In the Netherlands and in Poland, production of cattle feed increased by more than 8 per cent, whereas France moved in the opposite direction. This divergence

the leading EU member in terms of total compound feed production, ahead of both Spain and France. FEFAC’s market analysis is relatively pessimistic concerning industrial compound feed production in 2017.

reflected milk producers’ varying reactions to the abolishing of milk

The dairy sector is still in the process of recovery from the collapse

quotas. However, overall, due to the prevailing low milk prices, dairy

of milk prices in 2014-16 and this is likely to negatively impact the dairy

farmers were not motivated to purchase high performing feed with

herd in 2017; national measures to meet what FEFAC describes as

the objective of maximizing milk production and this resulted in an

‘environmental criteria’ are also likely to play a role. FEFAC believes that

Page 14 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

a combination of these developments may lead to a further reduction

relatively comfortable level of global end-of-season inventories, the

of cattle feed production by 2 per cent. The anticipated stabilization of

good prospects for the South American harvest and the good state of

pigmeat production in Europe could also induce a moderate reduction

EU winter cereal plantings should maintain prices at a low level in the

in demand for pig feed of around 1 per cent. Exports of poultry will

first half of 2017. As regards soybeans, the signals from South America

continue to be affected by outbreaks of avian influenza; this is likely to

are positive both in terms of acreage and yields for the ongoing harvest.

put pressure on the production of poultry in the EU and, subsequently,

An additional and positive indication is the predicted increase in the US

on the poultry feed sector, resulting in a possible contraction of feeds

soybean acreage for 2017. Nevertheless, FEFAC warn that with the

for poultry of around 0.5 per cent. Taken overall, these developments

demand for soybeans and soybean products increasing at a global level

would likely lead to a further 1 per cent decrease in EU compound feed

by 4 per cent per year, the balance sheet overall ‘remains tight’.

production in 2017 compared with the preceding year.

Prior to the FEFAC Congress, FEFAC called upon EU policy

FEFAC warn that a number of parameters will evidently affect

makers ‘to eliminate legislative threats and obstacles as well as tackle administrative burdens in the field of feed production’.

this outlook. The potential development of further outbreaks of Avian Influenza

With a view to what it described as ‘strengthening the competitiveness

as well as African Swine Fever will be decisive, in particular affecting

of the European livestock sector by safeguarding unrestricted access

the EU’s ability to maintain and develop its export volumes. The scope

to feed as the key input for livestock farming’ FEFAC also repeated its

for re-establishment of Russian imports of pork from the EU as a

call to extend the mandate of the high-level Commission Task Force

result of the World Trade Organization’s conclusions as regards the

on Agricultural Markets to investigate ‘all EU regulatory measures

illegality or otherwise of the Russian sanitary ban introduced in 2014

contributing to higher feed costs’. Expressing ‘solidarity with European

may, on the other hand, offer some potential opportunities for certain

livestock farmers in the light of the deep and prolonged market crisis’,

EU countries, although it remains unlikely that this development will

FEFAC argued that feed manufacturers had invested in research and

lead to action in the short term. This case is one among a number of

development aimed at improving feed efficiency which, combined with

political factors that undoubtedly have the capacity to affect markets

lower commodity prices, had helped to reduce the cost of production

both in the EU and worldwide.

over recent. However, the significant fall in livestock production prices

Turning to raw material costs, FEFAC believes that market

had ‘put livestock farmers into a crisis situation’.

quotations for cereals ‘are now on a moderate upward trend’, after

Saying that the Commission needed to put an end to legislative

reaching record low levels during the autumn of 2016. However, the

developments which undermined the competitiveness of European

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feed manufacturers and livestock producers, FEFAC President Ruud

The five-to-three split of the MPC in favour of leaving rates at 0.25

Tijssens said that the GMO ‘opt-out’ proposal for food and feed imports

per cent means that it was, in effect, the closest the Bank has come

was ‘the prime example of recent legislative action that jeopardizes

to raising rates since 2007. One newspaper reported that the minutes

livestock farmers’ access to competitive feed supplies.’ FEFAC shared

of the meeting suggested that the Committee regarded the continued

the concerns voiced by farmers’ organizations COPA-COGECA

‘robust’ labour market as a sign that rates might need to rise sooner

regarding what it called the ‘drastic market situation for EU livestock

than expected. ‘The continued growth of employment could suggest

products’ and supported their call on the EU Agriculture Council to

that spare capacity is being eroded, lessening the trade-off that the

consider ‘immediate and targeted action to relieve market pressure

MPC is required to balance and, all else equal, reducing the MPC’s

on livestock producers’.

tolerance of above-target inflation’.

Economic Update

the appointment of London School of Economics Professor Silvana

The feed industry’s Finance Directors, noting that the US Federal

Tenreyro as an external member of the Monetary Policy Committee.

Reserve having, as widely expected, increased the Federal Funds rate

She was appointed for a three-year term taking effect from 7 July 2017.

by a quarter point to a range between 1 per cent and 1.25 per cent,

Professor Silvana replaced Kristin Forbes, who came to the end of her

may be wondering whether the Bank of England’s Monetary Policy

term of office on 30 June 2017. There has yet been no announcement

Committee might soon move on UK interest rates.

as to the replacement for Charlotte Hogg. Ms Forbes, meanwhile, in

Phillip Hammond, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, announced

Prior to the MPC’s meeting, freebie newspaper City-AM’s ‘shadow’

her final speech as an MPC member before returning to academia,

Monetary Policy Committee voted eight-to-one to hold rates at 0.25

delivered at the London Business School, fired a parting shot at the

per cent. In the event, the UK rate of 0.25 per cent, set in the wake of

doves on the MPC yesterday, saying an interest rate rise should not

the Brexit Referendum decision, remained unchanged at the MPC’s

be delayed any longer. Forbes said that the UK’s failure to embark on

meeting in June. However, it was widely commented upon that three

raising interest rates was no longer justified because of the resilience

members of the Committee out of the eight voting – Charlotte Hogg

of the British economy. She is replaced by Professor Tenreyro.

having resigned as Deputy Governor of the Bank of England and as

Forbes said that the UK economy appeared to be ‘solid enough on

yet unreplaced – wanted to raise interest rates this month, with Michael

key economic criteria’, and even ‘overstimulated’ by others, such that

Saunders and Ian McCafferty joining Kristin Forbes in voting to increase

a moderate reduction in the substantial amount of monetary stimulus

the cost of borrowing.

currently being provided made sense. Forbes, a noted hawkish member of the committee, started her tenure in 2014 expecting a series of interest rate rises. Instead, Bank Rate, the main interest rate charged to other banks, was cut in August last year to 0.25 per cent, following the result of the referendum in June. If there was an increase in speculation about when UK interest rates would start to rise, following the 5 : 3 split, it will have been further stimulated by remarks made by Andrew Haldane, the Bank of England’s Chief Economist and MPC member. Saying that the Bank should withdraw its post-Brexit vote monetary stimulus ‘later in the year’, as the divisions among UK monetary policymakers appeared to become more pronounced, Haldane said the Bank was running the risk of delaying too long in raising interest rates, with an increase needed





QL Z $

‘relatively soon’. His remarks reinforced the markets’ sense of shock, as three of eight rate-setters on the MPC voted to raise interest rates – Haldane was not one of the three. Meanwhile, the British Chambers of Commerce has predicted that the first increase of official ULK interest rates, from 0.25 per cent to 0.5 per cent will occur in the first quarter of 2018, as opposed to previous predictions suggesting that UK interest

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rates would not move until the last quarter of that year.

New FEFAC President ForFarmers Corporate Affairs Director, Nick Major, was recently elected President of FEFAC, the European feed manufacturers’ federation. In


an email, Mr. Major said that it was ‘a privilege’ to have been elected as President of FEFAC. He said that the feed industry was, at one and

Page 16 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

the same time, the arable sector’s largest customer and the livestock farmer’s largest supplier. That meant that the feed industry had a

Editor’s Notebook is sponsored by

significant contribution to make on the policy agenda across all sectors

Compound Feed Engineering Ltd

within agriculture and he looked forward to playing his role in these discussions over the next few years. Nick Major continued by saying that, along with regulatory policy, animal feed safety, animal nutrition and sustainability were priorities for him and for FEFAC. He said that feed safety always remained a priority and that sustainability was also high on the list. He said that many of the UN Sustainability Development Goals and other commitments such as the Paris Agreement can be achieved through increased sustainability


of the livestock industry and that he would continually be explaining what he called ‘the win-win relationship between improved resource efficiency through effective livestock nutrition and environmental

nutrition made a contribution to a reduced need for veterinary treatment

impacts such a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.’

and the feed industry should be able to sell that argument to livestock

When it came to regulations that concern the animal feed industry,


Major said that ‘decisions must be based on science and technology’.

It would appear that Nick Major is going to be racking up a

In general terms, he would like to see the regulatory framework shaped

fair number of air miles during the next few months. Apart from his

by science-based decision making. In order to secure a competitive

directorial duties with ForFarmers, besides being FEFAC’s President,

European livestock industry, the sector needed to be able to adopt new

he is also Chairman of the Agricultural Industries Confederation (AIC).

technology. For example, he said that innovation in animal nutrition was

It is, however, especially pleasing that he should have been elected

important as regards issues that were associated with antimicrobial

as FEFAC President at a time when the Brexit negotiations have got


under way, marking the initiation of the formal ‘divorce’ between the

Nick Major noted that, so far, the feed industry had not really been vocal in the animal health domain, but it was clear that animal

UK and its European neighbours. Feed Compounder and its readers will surely wish him well during his term of office.

The Cultura Interview

Industry forward thinkers in conversation with Robert Ashton

Every now and then someone says something that really makes you think. Sometimes quite an innocent remark can pack a powerful punch, as pennies drop and realisation dawns. It was something James Maw said that had that impact on me. Global consumption of wheat and corn has grown by more than 50% in the past decade he said, explaining how dietary habits were changing. A traditional diet of root vegetables is in decline as consumers in developing countries switch to more Western diets. Of course I knew that the world’s population is growing, but changing diets and increased life expectancy means that demand grows even faster than I’d realised. A little research revealed that over the past 50 years, whilst world population has doubled, food supply has tripled as farming has become more sophisticated.

James Maw, Glencore Agriculture James Maw is a man quick to share

They also farm more than 96,000

values underpin everything the

pound has certainly created trading

global statistics. He’s spent more

hectares themselves and are one

company does. It’s a refreshing

opportunities, with a single 70,000

than 30 years in the grain trade,

of three largest players in the global

change from the way some global

tonne cargo of wheat shipped from

with the past 20 spent working

grain and oilseed market. This gives

firms can dominate and influence

Immingham to Vietnam early last

for Glencore Agriculture. Son of

them considerable clout. They

markets and sometimes even a

summer. James is at heart a trader

a Yorkshire farmer, he started

recently made a multi-million dollar

whole country’s economy.

and always sees the opportunity.

his working life as a merchant

investment in expanding an oilseed

rep, calling on farms, buying

crushing plant in South America.

grain and selling feed, seed and agrochemicals.

Large organisations can also





be slow to innovate, preferring to

globetrotting grain trader to have

With a company of this

let others take the risks and then

some equally global past-times,

size and scale, one should not

acquire those that get it right. It’s

but you would be wrong. When off

His first job was very local and

be surprised to learn that from

also true to say that small agile

duty James is very much a family

in the days before mobile phones

Rotterdam James and his family

innovators often struggle to find the

man. He has one son at university

he had the autonomy to strike a

moved to Australia. Whilst this gave

investment they need to scale up,

and two about to take their GCSEs.

deal with his farming customers.

James and his family the comfort of

which plays into the hands of the

Family is important to him; as the

As he climbed the career ladder

once more being able to socialise in

large, well-endowed corporate.

eldest of three boys himself he

his landscape widened until in 2004

their native tongue, the grain trade

he took a European trading job at

here was quite different.

Glencore bucks this trend

was close to his father and still

too, having launched its Grainman

visits family in Yorkshire when time permits.

Glencore’s Rotterdam office. He

James had a steep learning

online trading platform back in 2000

was now trading internationally

curve as he grappled with the way

when the internet was for many,

Pressed on what he enjoys

and had the additional challenge of

grain was stored cooperatively

still a novelty. James explained

doing most, he shared the fact

raising a young family in a country

and traded collectively. He soon

how many farmers are now very

that now he is 18 months back and

where neither he nor his wife spoke

got the hang of things, growing

comfortable selling their grain

settled once more in the UK he has

the language.

Glencore’s trade there from one to

online. The platform even emails

bought a black Labrador puppy. He

But the Dutch have always

nine million tonnes a year in just five

the farmer to say when the truck is

takes the dog fishing and for long

been a trading people and he

years. James is a man unafraid of

arriving to collect a load of grain. It’s

walks. I think the dog is destined

enjoyed the opportunity to gain

competition and willing to challenge

rather like buying from Amazon!

to stand at his side when he goes

experience of international trade.

the status quo.

Inevitably we talked about

shooting too.

He also learned to speak Dutch and

You could be forgiven for

Brexit and the ability politicians

Ironically, at a time when

his three sons are now bi-lingual,

thinking that the global grain trade

have to spring surprises. James is

globalisation is taking people out

a huge asset as they grow up in

is all about numbers. Indeed James

sanguine about what many view

of business, James is a man who

what is now very much a global

quotes figures with the ease of a

as a damaging planned exit from

recognises the importance of


man immersed in statistics. But

Europe. The fall in value of the

putting people first.

Glencore Agriculture is a global

Glencore is also a business with

business trading and increasingly

strong values. It believes in looking

This column is sponsored by Cultura, suppliers of proven

processing grain and oilseeds

after its people; it works hard

integrated software

around the world. They own port

to trade openly and responsibly

solutions designed

terminals, processing and refining

and it recognises the value of

specifically for

plants, ships, trains and trucks.

keeping things simple. These


Page 18 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

XYLANASES CAN PROVIDE COST SAVINGS THROUGH IMPROVED ENERGY RELEASE Poultry producers are facing rising energy feed prices and production costs, along with the subsequent pressure to increase dietary energy utilisation. In a bid to maintain profit levels against this backdrop, many nutritionists are revisiting the value offered by non-starch polysaccharides (NSP)-degrading enzymes. IMPROVING ENERGY RELEASE NSPs present in cereal grains can limit access to starch and increase gut viscosity, reducing nutrient efficiency. When considering NSPases it is imperative to select one capable of maximising the breakdown of arabinoxylans – the most prevalent NSP in poultry feedstuffs. THE MOST HEAT RESISTANT XYLANASE PRODUCES THE MOST ENERGY Econase XT can deliver substantial cost savings by reducing digesta viscosity in the gut and increasing the permeability of the plant cell walls in the diet. Research has highlighted an additional mechanism by which xylanases can improve overall feed efficiency, by breaking down longchain arabinoxylan molecules into short-chain compounds (known as xylo-oligomers). These xylo-oligomers can act as prebiotics, improving Figure 1: FCR and jejunal viscosity of broilers fed with

the functioning of the large intestine and improving overall feed efficiency. As with all prebiotics, these xylo-oligomers act as a nutrient source for the beneficial microbes residing in the lower and hind gut. This promotes beneficial populations at the expense of potentially pathogenic microbes, leading to a positive shift in the makeup of the microbiome. The greater level of beneficial microbial activity and growth also boosts production of volatile fatty acids (VFAs), which can then be absorbed and utilised by the bird as an energy source. PROVEN RESEARCH RESULTS The indirect prebiotic effect of Econase XT does not only increase the metabolisable energy but also significantly improves feed conversion ratio regardless of whether diets are based on viscous or non-viscous grains. Further benefits include increased broiler uniformity and a reduction in litter moisture content of up to 15%. The trial results in Figure 1 show the impact of Econase XT xylanase on feed conversion ratio (FCR) and gut content (jejunal) viscosity in 0-21 day old broilers. The substantial 30% reduction in viscosity is accompanied by a significant four-point improvement in FCR (1.33 vs. 1.37).

Econase XT from 1-21 days of age FCR

FCR, g/g

3.5 3

1.38 1.36



2.34 1.37






1.3 1.28


1 0.5

No xylanase

With xylanase

centipoise units


In order to achieve such results, however, it is critical that the xylanase selected has been developed to be effective within the commercial environment. As the only intrinsically thermostable xylanase up to 95�C, adding Econase XT to your feed ensures optimal NSP breakdown, releasing as much energy as possible to deliver improved FCR and cost reduction.


With proven results in poultry across a wide range of feed ingredients, Econase XT is the optimal xylanase for maximising energy utilisation of the diet.

For more information visit: www.abvista.com Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 19


Report on 2016 By Roger W Dean, Dean Agricultural Associates

What was the UK’s livestock feed industry looking like in 2016? Midway through 2017, it seems like a convenient moment to look at how the feed industry in the United Kingdom is faring. Additional statistics are to hand which shed further light on the state of the industry. The last few years have seen rapid growth in demand for the raw materials that are incorporated into livestock feed from countries with emerging and growing middle classes. Closer to home, the Brexit arrangements have emerged into high focus as the first meetings between the UK government and the European Commission take place. The UK government is preparing legislation to ensure stability for the UK agricultural sector following the UK’s exit from the Common Agricultural Policy, following which a vigorous debate on the future shape of UK agriculture must surely be the next step, a debate within which

to compare like-with-like data before and after that date. What do the figures mean in a broader context? Table 1 shows the available data going back in ten-year intervals. No data is available for the integrated sector before 1995. Table 1: Production of Compounds, Blends and Concentrates in the UK 1986 - 2016 1986




















Proportion of Total 1986




















Source: DEFRA and DAERA Survey data

the future of the agricultural supply trade will assume huge significance. With the changes actually and

Unsurprisingly, Table 1 shows that the production of compound

potentially in prospect for the feed industry, it will

feeds, blends and concentrates has been dominated by Great Britain

be important to determine from where the industry is

during the period under review and this is strongly illustrated in 2016

starting. Roger Dean has been running his eyes over

when production in Great Britain accounted for 71.8 per cent of total UK

the feed industry’s fortunes in 2016 in the UK.

output. Some caution should be exercised when inspecting the figures with regard to the integrated sector. It would appear that DEFRA has

As always, first things first. Production of compounds, blends and

had to have recourse to existing statutory provisions in that, while data

concentrates in the United Kingdom during 2016 amounted to a little

on production of poultry feeds is available, data as regards the raw

over 15.54 million tonnes. Predictably, the bulk of this tonnage – 71.8

materials used in production is confined to the use of grain. While the

per cent – was accounted for by production of compounds, blends and

inclusion of integrated feed production is thus a welcome supplement to

concentrates in Great Britain. A further 14.4 per cent was accounted

the existing data on animal feed production, its uses should be treated

for by production in Northern Ireland while the balance (13.8 per cent)

with an appropriate degree of caution.

was made up of poultry feed production by the so-called ‘integrated’

It appears that 2006 was, for whatever reason, an ‘off-year’ for the

producers who produce feed as part of their overall operation of

feed industry in Great Britain with production falling back to constitute

producing poultry products: broilers, turkeys, eggs and so on.

just two-thirds of total UK output, compared to almost 70 per cent in

It should immediately be noted that DEFRA have recently modified

1996. Northern Ireland meanwhile, continued its advance, increasing

some of the data on integrated feed production to reflect the fact that

its share from 10.2 per cent in 1996 to 13.5 per cent in 2006. The

not all the feed produced in the integrated sector is used where it is

fall-back in production in Great Britain in 2006 appears to have been

produced; some of it being sold on the retail market. The effect of this

linked to the continuing process of adjustment to the imposition of

adjustment has been to increase the volumes described as being

milk quotas in the 1980’s. However, total production in Great Britain

produced in the retail sector, effectively increasing the proportion of

was soon to re-assert itself when, in 2016, production of compounds,

retail poultry feed produced in Great Britain and reducing the volume

blends and concentrates broke through the 11 million tonne barrier

produced by the integrated sector. However, DEFRA note that ‘We have

for the first time since 1983. Meanwhile, Northern Ireland production

adjusted the data from August 2015’; this means that it is not possible

as a percentage of total UK output has continued to expand, reaching

Page 20 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

14.4 per cent of total UK output in 2016; this share is proportionately

and concentrates began to increase and that this increase continued,

higher if integrated poultry feed production is excluded. A much-quoted

if unspectacularly, until around 2009 when it appears to have levelled

report in this column over the years has been the remark made by a

off. This is likely to have been partially the result of developments in

venerable member of the trade in the author’s hearing that the centre

Great Britain in that, as remarked earlier, alterations to the amount of

of gravity as regards UK feed production was shifting to the west.

poultry feeds produced, respectively, by the retail and the integrated

Although the data is unsuitable for plotting, it does suggest that since

sectors were adjusted to reflect the fact that the integrated sector

1980, the earliest data available to the analyst, the proportion of retail

was selling part of its production into the retail poultry feed market.

feeds produced in Northern Ireland as a share of the UK total has been

However, the data does appear to suggest that the member of the

increasing. Between 1980 and 1990, Northern Ireland’s share of total

trade quoted in the current context has correctly observed a trend in

UK production averaged 9.8 per cent with a range of between 9.2 per

UK market developments although, and in addition, Figure 1 is likely to

cent and 10.4 per cent. Between 1990 and 2000, Northern Ireland’s

have reflected developments occurring autonomously in the Northern

share averaged 11.9 per cent ranging between 9.8 per cent and 13.6

Ireland livestock sector.

per cent. Between 2000 and 2010, Northern Ireland averaged 16.3

What else may have been driving the market for livestock feed in

per cent with a range of between 13.6 and 17.9 per cent since when

the UK in recent years? Some insight into longer-terms developments

Northern Ireland’s share of UK production of compounds, blends and

may be forthcoming if the data is inspected from the point of view of

concentrates has averaged 17.5 per cent, ranging between 16.7 per

major product lines and this is illustrated in Table 2.

cent and 17.9 per cent. Figure 1 shows how Northern Ireland’s share

In Great Britain, the largest single proportion of total production

of UK production of compounds, blends and concentrates has varied

remains cattle and calf feed but, during the last decade, poultry feed

over the years.

has surged with production of poultry feed in 2016 actually becoming the largest single category of feed produced. The figure for cattle feed

Figure 1: Northern Ireland Share of UK Production of Compounds, Blends & Concentrates 1980 - 2016

production in Great Britain during 2016 reflects the over-supply of milk

% Share


during the year in question, causing dairy farmers to rein back their


demand for manufactured feedingstuffs; it is likely that, after a period


of adjustment, cattle and calf feeds will resume their position as the


largest single category of feed produced in Great Britain. This is not, however, to discount the position of poultry feed in


Great Britain over the past two decades. It is also worth noting the


relatively strong position of poultry feed in Great Britain in 1986, a


reflection of the impact, in 1984, of the imposition of milk quotas two years previously and the concerns of dairy farmers in face of the

5 1980








draconian penalties for exceeding the volumes of milk mandated by

Figure 1 shows that, from around the beginning of the 1990’s, the

Brussels. However, the data from 2006 onwards reflects the strong

share of Northern Ireland in total UK production of compounds, blends

underlying demand for poultry and poultry products. Although the

Table 2: Production by Product Lines – Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1986 - 2016 1986





Great Britain - Thousand Tonnes




Great Britain - Percentage of Total

Cattle & Calves




































Others Total

















Northern Ireland - Thousand Tonnes

Northern Ireland - Percentage of Total

Cattle & Calves






















































Source: DEFRA and DAERA Survey Returns

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 21

main source of consumer data for poultry consumption in 2016 is not

turnover of less than £50,000 a year; readers with an eye for statistics

yet available, its predecessor volume, Family Food 2015 suggests

may be inclined to convert the latter figure into tonnage by applying their

that, whereas consumption per head of uncooked chicken, whole or

estimate of average feed prices for the year in question. However, what

in chicken pieces, amounted to 115 grams per person per week in

is surprising is the fact that, in 2016, there should still be twenty-five

1974, this figure had risen to 192 grams per person per week in 2012

companies extant with turnover of less than £50,000.

before falling back to 186 grams three years later; the result, one of the

Another surprising feature is the fact that between 2013 and 2016,

spin-off effects, no doubt, of ‘austerity’. It should be borne in mind that

the total number of feed manufacturers identified in the data rose by

this data refers only to consumption in the home and does not include

245 to 270, the largest number in eight years. Part of this increase took

consumption of chicken that takes place outside the home, whether in

place at the upper end of the scale with companies reporting turnover of

restaurants or other institutions.

more than £5 million. However, there were also increases at the other

A further telling measure of the switch in consumers’ behaviour is

end, particularly in the category of feed manufacturers reporting sales

what has happened to the consumption of carcass meats over the same

of up to half-a-million sterling. This appears to have been a reaction on

period. In 1974, the National Food Survey, a venerable institution going

the part of some entrepreneurs to the rise in feed prices that took place

back to 1940, found that consumption of carcass meats per person

around this time, as a result of a sharp hike in raw material costs.

per week (beef and veal, mutton and lamb and pork) amounted to 393

It has to be said at this point that the delineation of companies into

grams per person per week. This rose to 453 grams in 1980 before

a range which specifies maximum turnover as ‘£5 million and above’

falling back, almost uninterruptedly to 187 grams in 2015. Again, it

does tend to ignore the existence of the feed industry’s larger brethren

must be remembered that this figure does not include consumption

but, doubtless, commercial confidentiality is again the underlying factor.

of carcass meats in an out-of-home context but the decline between

However, equally surprising is the breakdown of companies by total

1974 and 2015 is a measure of how the consumer’s view of chicken

numbers employed. Of 270 companies identified as feed manufactures

and carcass meats have evolved over the past four decades.

in 2016, no less than 135 or half of the total reported employing between

In Great Britain, the proportion of feeds for pigs appears to be

one and four employees. Again, this proportion was the highest in eight

in serial decline although the proportion of such feeds manufactured

years, perhaps reflecting the same developments in raw material prices

in Northern Ireland increased during the decade ending in 2016. A

as described in the previous paragraph.

further feature of the data for Great Britain appears to be regarding

The industry has been characterised, as anyone in the feed

the proportion of feeds manufactured for ‘other’ species; this has

industry will recognise, by a gradual consolidation in its number of

risen consistently since 1986 although the physical proportion remain

companies overall, a process which may – or may not – result in a

relatively small. In Great Britain, some of this feed is known to consist of

fall in the total numbers of manufacturing units. In 1996, as against

feeds for horses although, and perhaps surprisingly, no such distinction

a reported number of 270 companies in the UK feed industry, there

is made for Northern Ireland. However, as regards Great Britain, a

were 630 of what the official statistics describe as ‘local units’; in other

significant proportion of this feed is believed to consist of feeds for fish

words, feed mills. This number fell to 445 in 2006 and to 365 in 2016.

and, specifically, salmon, albeit that no data is published regarding this

However, it is interesting to note that the total number of ‘mills’, if they

high value feed on the grounds of commercial confidentiality.

can properly be described as such, varied significantly in the three

Having discussed the physical output of the feed industry, what

years preceding 2016, ranging from 340 in 2012 and 2013, rising to

about the way in which the industry in the UK is structured? According

370 in 2015 before falling back to 365 a year later.

to a government survey, in 1996, the UK feed industry consisted of

Where was the industry located during the years under review? In

465 companies whose primary occupation was the manufacture of

terms of companies, their location is presumably defined by the location

prepared feeds for farm animals. Table 3 shows how this situation

of the company’s registered office. A more useful analysis is based on

developed at ten-year intervals.

the physical location of individual mill numbers. Data is only available

Feed manufacturers will be unsurprised by the broad picture

for 2006 and 2016 and this is shown in Table 4.

painted by Table 3. The number of feed manufacturing companies –

It is interesting to note, in the context of previous remarks about

defined as VAT-registered enterprises – has declined sharply over the

the expanding role of Northern Ireland in UK feed production, that the

past two decades and the decline has been most notable amongst the

only area of the UK to report more feed mills in operation in 2016 than

smaller brethren. In 1995, there were eighty-five companies reporting

a decade earlier was Northern Ireland, with a net increase of five mills.

Table 3: Breakdown of Feed Manufacturing Companies by Turnover 1996 - 2016 £ Thousand

1 - 49

50 - 99

100 - 249

250 - 499

500 - 999

1000 - 4999

5000 +





























Source: UK Businesses - Activity, Size and Location.

Page 22 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

Table 4: Location of Feed Mills within the UK 2006 and 2016 North East

North West

Yorkshire & Humberside

East Midlands

West Midlands



South East

South West



Northern Ireland



























Source: UK Businesses: Activity, Size and Location Otherwise, the picture is one of continuity in the Northeast and the East

it will assume as the UK moves into the Brexit era. Much will depend

Midlands and contraction elsewhere. In particular, the author is struck

upon what shape UK agriculture assumes following its departure from

by the reported loss of all five of London’s feed mills. Otherwise, the

the EU. The basis of its present shape should remain in place for the

current location of the remaining feed mills is much as one would expect,

transitional period as defined by the promised Act of Parliament which

with the Northwest, Yorkshire and Humberside and the Southwest

should be implemented within the present parliamentary session. What

dominating mill numbers if not necessarily manufacturing capacity.

follows can only be a matter for speculation, as the real debate on the

Thus stands the feed industry at present; the question is what shape

shape of the UK’s future agricultural policy gets under way.

GLOBAL EXPERTS FOCUS ON DAIRY EFFICIENCIES AT TOTALDAIRY SEMINAR 2017 How to improve efficiencies in fertility, feeding and heifer rearing were some of the topics tackled by dairy experts from around the world at the recent TotalDairy Seminar at Keele University in Staffordshire. Now in its twelfth year, the two day event – which is lead sponsored by Zinpro and Zoetis - attracted over 400 delegates keen to hear the latest practical, research lead thinking in dairy herd management. Opening the seminar, veterinary nutrition consultant, James Husband, from event organisers, Evidence Group said fertility was the linchpin to overall herd efficiency. He explained that getting cows in-calf promptly would avoid low production from extended lactations and prevent cows from getting over-fat. This would help avoid disease risk around calving and subsequent reductions in performance. For optimum efficiency he advised farmers targeted a herd average of 180 days in milk. “On average, for every month longer than 180 days in milk, you lose 2-2.5 litres a cow a day,” he explained. Dr Paul Fricke of The University of Wisconsin-Madison, said good udder health was essential in order to achieve high herd fertility. “Mastitis events occurring during the breeding risk period have a profound negative effect on fertility,” he said. A study on four Wisconsin dairy farms found that cows that had chronic mastitis before and during the breeding period had a significantly lower conception rate to first service of 28%, compared to 45% in healthy animals. This was a result of the inflammatory response to mastitis. Those animals that had high somatic cell counts during the breeding period also had significantly lower conception rates of 37%. Vet Ginny Sherwin from Nottingham University presented new research, which highlighted the huge scope for UK farmers to improve heifer rearing efficiencies. The 2016 Nottingham University study looked at data from 18,000 heifers across 437 farms in England and Wales and found that calving-in over the target age at first calving of 23 to 24 months had a significant detrimental effect on performance. “We found that as soon as heifers are over 24 months at first calving, the chances of them surviving into their second lactation decreases. Another Irish study also showed that if you reduce age at first calving from 27 to 24 months, the chance of staying in the herd is 10% more,” she said. With less than a quarter of UK herds found to be hitting an

average age at first calving of 23 to 24 months, this underlined the need for farmers to focus their attention on ensuring heifers reached the right size to calve at this target age. In doing so, they would be rewarded with lower rearing costs, reduced first lactation culling rates and improved 100 day in-calf rates. Ms Sherwin added: “We also looked at the effect of age at first calving on 100 day in-calf rates. We found there was no effect under 23 months age at first calving, but once over 25 months there was a negative effect on the number that got pregnant before 100 days in milk.” Feed efficiency was one area tackled by Jud Heinrichs from Penn State University who spoke in a number of presentations and smaller group workshops. He said variability in forage quality had a huge impact. “Maintaining high forage quality in all stages of forage management is the number one way to maximise feed efficiency,” he said. Ensuring good digestibility of the total diet and providing good physically effective fibre to promote rumination and saliva production was vital to get the rumen working effectively and encourage efficient digestion. Professor Heinrichs also advised farmers to maintain even body condition across the herd due to the energy cost of putting fat on and taking it off. He added: “A lot of feed efficient farms have a lot more even body weight through lactation.” For more information from the event follow @TotalDairy on Twitter using #totaldairy. You can also sign up to hear the latest about next year’s event at www.totaldairy.com

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 23

Out and About By Andrew Mounsey

A Visit to

Harpers Feeds Holsworthy, Devon Out & About is sponsored by B2B Nutrition, suppliers of www.b2bnutrition.co.uk

Massey Feeds alongside which it has belonged as a part of the Massey Group since it was bought by them in 2012. The celebrations of the anniversary will be centred around Holsworthy Show in August 2017, 25 years almost to the day since that first open evening. There will also be an event at the mill. “We’ll have a party to thank the people who have worked with us for a long time and raise some money for charity,” says

My destination for this latest Out & About sits on virtually the same line of

Bill. “We’ll have a little fun and set the scene for the next 25 years.” But

longitude as the Feed Compounder office. Indeed, North Devon, close

before I get to that, let’s take a look at a brief history of the company,

by the border with Cornwall, is not all that far from West Wales as the

which is an interesting story of how a business can grow organically

crow flies; unfortunately, the Bristol Channel intervenes, so those of us

over a period equivalent to half of a working lifetime.

without wings are forced to travel rather a long way round, meaning my

The business was founded on the principle of sound nutrition.

alarm was set for some ungodly time beginning with a 4 in order to be

Bill had been rationing cows using feeds from a local co-op. “I knew

sure I arrived punctually at 10am to meet with Bill Harper. I did, but Bill

something wasn’t right and the evidence was that a couple of the herds

was nowhere to be seen. It was not a problem as I was able first to be

were doing better on very simple home-mixed diets based on cereals,

given a tour around the mill, by which time Bill had arrived in his office.

sugar beet, soya and maize gluten.” So he set about building a plant to

“It’s your fault I’m late,” he told me, eyes twinkling mischievously. “What

make home-mixed rations on a commercial scale. The business grew

have I done this time?” I asked. “A few years ago, I read an article in

nicely but hit the problem which the whole feed industry has arguably

Feed Compounder which said, ‘If you want to buy a farm, buy a farm’.

profited from, which is that dairy cows being fed in the parlour have

So I did, and I was up until midnight carting silage last night and spent

to be fed a cake. “We tried putting our blends through feeders but it

this morning finishing off sheeting down the pit!” It’s nice to know that

didn’t work.”

some of our scribblings are not only read, but also acted upon. This is the account of my visit to Harpers Feeds.

A visit to another mill in the North of the country uncovered a process being used there which involved making a mixture, screening it and cubing the resulting meal with cereals. Harpers took this on

Twenty five years ago, in July 1992, a new feeds business was

and for a few years were making nuts from screened raw materials

launched in Holsworthy, Devon. The brainchild of Bill Harper, it was

and rolled cereals. They then had a piece of good fortune when an

called Harpers Home Mix, and the principles on which it was founded

operator inadvertently moved a blend made with soda wheat into a

rapidly gained traction amongst local ruminant farmers. In the August

bin above the press. There being no other way to get it out, Bill told

of its inaugural year, the company held an open evening which was

him to put it through the press, so ending up with two tonnes of “really

attended by more than 200 farmers, all of them interested in what the

spotty cake”. What to do with it? “We sent it to be fed to cows on our

new company was saying and doing As feed production began and

‘experimental farm’” (really Bill’s best mate, who was so pleased with

the feed started to be fed on farm, the performance of the animals

it he asked them to make him some more). So the company started

demonstrated improvements in liveweight gains and milk quality.

to produce a diet including soda wheat which was, they believe, the

Today, the company is still based in Holsworthy but it is known

first high pH ruminant concentrate in nut form. It was an example of

as Harpers Feeds, a more accurate reflection of the broader range

putting the animal first. “All my life I had been conscious of the impact

of products now produced at the mill, and also more consistent with

of pH on the rumen. We live in an area which is very grassy so cows

Page 24 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

graze well but only for short periods, usually between April and October. Because of our high rainfall and clay soils, they need to be indoors in the winter.” There they are fed silage which while good, tends to be wet and fairly acidic because the weather windows are too small to allow for optimum wilting. “I have spent most of my life trying to balance wet, acidic silage,” says Bill, “so we do everything we can to raise the pH in our diets.” Nowadays, the soda wheat has been replaced by the proprietary product Home n’ Dry, but the underlying principle is the same. Ruminant diets include plenty of sweet, highly digestible fibres including, says Bill “a tremendous amount of sugar beet which is extremely good for ruminant digestion.” So the focus of the business developed on looking after the animal first. Diets are never formulated to a price, always to a standard, and that slant is what Bill believes has set the company apart. How else, he asks, is it possible for a business which started from nothing in 1992, to hit 150,000 tonnes of production today? It has to be that farmers have bought in to a system which looks after the rumen and the ruminant animal. One of the keys, says Bill, is the lack of saturated fat that goes into the rumen. He is obviously aware that fat can be used to coat pellets to help prevent dust and theoretically to help with the ME. But, he claims, “the E3 equation has been the biggest problem for the dairy industry throughout all my time; it is a nonsense equation that should be scrapped. If you put three to four hundred grams of grease into the rumen, it will affect digestion because it coats the fibres and does not allow the microbes to digest the feed. The whole thing should be about getting a high population of microbes with high activity; that is when the rumen is really working.” Interestingly, in the last few years, several buying groups have moved away from the E3 equation and towards simply looking at the ingredients used in the feed. “That is real progress and progress that we have had something to do with because the feeds we sold to these groups had moderate MEs because of low levels of oil, but the cows performed.” “This has been the basis of the whole business,” continues Bill, “and even today we are working hard to develop systems and rations that raise the pH in the rumen and make the animal more comfortable. Subclinical acidosis is the biggest challenge to dairy cows in our area and yet you still see people feeding vast amounts of home grown cereal.”

Bill is keen to emphasize the impact of using rolled cereals, and processing much less than is conventional, in order to maintain as coarse a grist size as possible in the company’s ruminant diets, even having the flexibility to add cereals after grinding but before pelleting. “I will always to my dying day believe in using rolled cereals to slow the rate of digestion down. If you put in slugs of very finely ground meal leading to a rapid rise in acidity in the rumen, it is dangerous to the cow. Rolled cereals fermenting over 8 to 12 hours is far more effective.” The company also makes molassed blends, so being able to supply full mixed loads to the typical dairy farm which feeds blends through a mixer wagon and cake in the parlour is, to Bill the ultimate in efficiency. The business has always been sales driven and customer focussed, but Bill says that he, the sales director and the operations director are all farmers at heart which leads them to want to put the animals first. Which gives rise to lots and lots of complications and bespoke diets and an unhappy mill manager but very happy animals – and that’s what really counts and what has enabled the business to grow and the mill to grow. When the factory was built in 1997, it had a single press line, since when it has expanded through consistent investment into whichever part was the bottleneck at the time. In this way it has become ever more efficient and today there are four press lines. One interesting factor has been the development of the New Zealand grazing system, which has been successfully adopted by some farmers. To complement this system, Harpers have taken on the concept of reverse ratio proteins in their diets, recognising that there is no benefit in formulating with high levels of rumen degradable protein when there is plenty of that available in the grass. Although farmers on the system are only feeding small amounts of cake, they are doing so through the summer months, which is good for providing tonnage in the mill during the off-peak season. It is an example of looking at what is happening in the farming industry and working out how to benefit from new developments rather than fighting against them. Another such issue which has been incredibly successful for Harpers has been the use of the Vitfoss product X-Zelit in pre-calving diets. “This has,” says Bill, “been revolutionary in terms of preventing milk fever from high yielding cows, especially through the summer Left: Bill Harper, Founder and Director

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 25

Left: Trevor Pearce, Mill Manager

tonnes of feed each year himself. So it was a very good fit of skills to put together into an enlarged group. In the five years since the acquisition, Group Chairman’s Richard Massey’s vast experience has been used to identify tweaks in the production process at Holsworthy which have made a tremendous difference to efficiency. Meanwhile Bill’s ability to sell and manage sales teams led to changes in the area served by the group’s other two mills at Preston and Holmes Chapel which have helped to develop the ruminant business there. Although the group is not overly corporate and early autumn periods when the levels of this condition were

(each mill gets on with its own work and has its own production team

unacceptably high.” It was a culmination of too much potash in grass

and mill manager) with Kynan’s direction bringing the whole operation

and an inability to manage transition well. X-Zelit is based on a product

together, there is a nicely balanced overall structure to take the group

originally developed for use in laundry powders. It is a calcium binder

on into the future. After three years of continued direct involvement in

which was used to solve the problems of flakes of soap sticking to

managing the company, Bill moved into a non-executive role which still

clothes in the washing. Used in feed, the same active ingredient will

keeps him involved across the board, but has allowed directors Andrew

pull calcium out of the rumen rather than out of the washing water.

Davies and Glen Johns to take over the day-to-day management of

The effect is to enable the cow to retain her ability to metabolise

Harpers Feeds.

calcium efficiently throughout the latter stages of pregnancy and into

Being a part of the group has already facilitated significant

lactation, which is vital as she needs to be able to do this as soon as

investment in the mill at Holsworthy. The latest project is to move the

her udders start to fill. If she is not able to meet the sudden demand

on-site shop from the front of the factory, where things are always

for calcium production in the milk, the cow will go down with milk

busy with lorries buzzing around, to a new and enlarged retail space

fever. Furthermore, this is not a condition which can be easily treated;

at the rear. From here, the vision is for Harpers Farm Supplies to

it affects the cow for the whole of the lactation even if the immediate

cater for all the farmers’ requirements whether it be collecting smaller

problem is countered and she is back on her feet. The product is, says

quantities of feed, picking up some hardware or fencing supplies or

Bill, “tailor-made for the south-west of England and now is one of our

animal health products or just having a chat about how their animals

real success stories.”

are performing.

The company has always worked very closely with Trouw Nutrition

Although ruminant rations still dominate the product mix

and in particular with John Allen. “We have some very skilled, talented

(accounting for 90% of production with 60% of the total being dairy,

nutritionists here, but I don’t really want people sitting in an office all day

20% beef and 10% sheep) the company has introduced monogastric

looking at rations. I want them out on farms with the reps and properly

feeds and is making steady progress. Rather than try to deal from the

supported by competent professionals. Yes, we buy our minerals from

outset with the big commercial pig and poultry units, the focus has

Trouw but the balancing point is that they are continually looking at

been on working through merchants to target smallholders. Aiming to

our rations and keeping us up to speed with developments. It is a very

ensure that their feeds are available within 20 to 30 minutes of any

successful relationship.”

such farm throughout the south-west, the company has built up a chain

The only problem with being a farmer at heart is that you really

of merchants which has been a really interesting process involving

want to farm, hence the decision Bill made having read that article

meeting many wonderful people who run their own feed stores and retail

in Feed Compounder. But with that new enterprise to look after and

shops. More recently, Harpers has collaborated with Dr Phil Baynes

no succession in place for the milling business, Bill knew he needed

at Baynes Nutrition in producing a range of link diets which means

to plan how the company would be organised going forward into the

targeting bigger pig units. Now the question is whether to expand further

period when he was no longer involved. It was at this stage that he

into producing layers meal, although that really depends on securing

met with the Massey family. It was, he says, a real eye-opener. They

an arrangement with an egg packing business. With the monogastric

had a family business which was five generations old, extremely strong

experience and expertise available within the Massey Group, this is

and extremely stable, and they wanted to expand into the south west.

an option which holds no fears but would require further investment

Kynan Massey has one of the best brains Bill has encountered in the

and so may be on hold for a little while yet. Even so, with the growth

industry, capable of doing all the accounting, all the computing – Bill

of free range egg businesses in the region continuing, especially the

describes him as “incredible”. Kynan’s father Richard is a first rate

smaller units with movable housing which are able to control disease,

milling engineer. Arguably where they lacked was on the sales side,

there is quite a bit of independent trade out there and it is an area in

whereas Bill was very hands-on with his sales team and selling 20,000

which the company is keen to do more going forward. With a stated

Page 26 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder Sponsored by B2B Nutrition

aim of being a 200,000 tonne mill, set against the current production

computers, even today a lot of it is about “sticking your toe in the muck”

of just over 150,000 tonnes, the company is clearly going to need to

to understand exactly how the cows are doing. These relationships

be making serious amounts of monogastric feed in future.

are difficult to build and the farmer needs to be sure the rep is there

Although Harpers has always been very sales driven, Bill is keen

to benefit the animals, not their sales figures. This is why Bill is more

to highlight the importance of all aspects of running a mill. Proper

than happy to recommend cutting cake, providing it will make the farm

administration means that customers are kept informed, invoices

more profitable. “You have to be almost independent, even though

are prepared and the supply trade is paid in good time. Similarly on

you are there on behalf of a feed company. That way you gain the

production the company has a talented team of people who have

confidence of the farmer.”

excelled at managing the computers and machinery within the factory,

Farms in the south west seem to be very resilient. “We thought

working 24 hours a day, six days a week. It requires mental agility to

we would come under pressure with the slump in dairy prices but we

keep throughput at the required levels to make efficient use of the

worked closely with our customers, helped some through, and lost

various lines, which means always being one step ahead. There are

very few. The strength of continuity within our farming businesses is

also very capable people on the logistics side, moving products into

incredible as they survive from one generation to the next.” Harpers

and out of the factory. “It’s a team game,” says Bill, paying complement

get involved with this too, sometimes sitting down with the farmer

to the 70 strong group who work together, showing exemplary skills

and sons and daughters to help them discuss succession planning,

and a willingness to move with the times and learn new skills in order

which can bring issues out into the open. But the company is aware

to maximise throughput.

of how important it is to be able to communicate with the youngsters

But even though it’s no use selling it if you can’t make it, by the

as they take on greater responsibilities. Often initially they will look

same token it’s no use making what you can’t sell. And Bill will always

after only a part of the farm, but in the future they are the people who

return to sales as being his main focus. “As far as I am concerned, the

will control the chequebook – or more realistically, the on-line banking

key has been finding guys who can operate at consultancy level and

password. Which brings out the whole subject of digital technology

can really contribute to the farm business. They are a rare species,

and social media; by appointing and training young graduates within

these technical specialists, and we have worked hard to attract good

the Harper team, the company is confident of being able to relate to

people. We have developed some in-house and we have used Harper

the next generation of customers. At the same time, Bill emphasizes,

Adams to put some through qualifications.” Three recent appointments

“Don’t be afraid to have five minutes talking with Grandad. Because it

are graduates who have been thrown in at the deep end in their

is surprising how influential they can be and that little bit of respect for

mid-twenties with a good technical background but being taught the

previous generation can be really important.”

commercial side as they learn on the job. Five years ago the company

Asked about the next 25 years, Bill puffs out his cheeks and

appointed Keith Callender from Trident Feeds as a field sales manager

admits that he struggles to see past the next five. In essence, he

with the particular responsibility for developing newer members of the

would like, he says, to put the structure in place to allow the company

sales team. He has taken to the role extremely well and they have

to continue serving its customers with quality feeds and showing as

an experienced hand to help them to build their commercial technical

much innovation as they have in the past. “Keeping our farms profitable,

skills. Bill believes in regular contact with customers, often speaking to

efficient, happy places where people can enjoy farming. I would like us

farmers two or three times a week. Although a lot of work is done on

to contribute fully to making that happen.”

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 27 suppliers of

Green Pages Feed Trade Topics from the Island of Ireland Potential for malting barley expansion in Ireland

agreed through a process of mutual recognition of standards and

The Irish Farmers’ Association (IFA) Grain Committee has been

quality criteria.

Irvine believes that practical and workable solutions could be

involved in recent weeks in supporting Boortmalt Ireland in a

“These high standards of assurance and safety, to which we

feasibility study to find new areas where low protein malting barley

currently operate, are key to market access, both new and existing,”

could be grown.

he said.

The company is doing the study to support the building of a

“And they must be clearly visible throughout the food chain.

new plant on its existing site in Kildare to produce an extra 40,000

However, they must also apply to all imports of food into the UK,

tonnes of malt for the expanding distilling industry. This would entail

particularly from the low cost regions where production is less well

the contracting of an additional 45/50,000 tonnes of sub 8.8% protein


malting barley from farmers.

“Local businesses are adamant that any solution must remove

Along with the existing areas of Wexford, Carlow, Kildare,

the threat of disruption to trade, through physical delays and

Wicklow and Laois, the study is looking at areas in Dublin, Louth,

administrative burden associated with a hard border. The daily

Meath, Offaly, Tipperary, Cork and Waterford. This would be the first

movement of thousands of tonnes of meat, milk and grain throughout

expansion in malting capacity in Ireland in over 50 years.

Ireland is essential to the efficient operation of many agri-food

A final decision could be made by the end of the year and if positive would bring the total purchases of malting barley up close to 200,000 tonnes.

businesses. “In addition, the transatlantic shipments of feed materials, with vessels often carrying over 50,000 tonnes, generally involve discharge in more than one port, including Belfast, Dublin or Cork.”

NIGTA confirms its Brexit priorities

The NIGTA representative pointed out that industry leaders

The Northern Ireland Grain Trade Association (NIGTA) is seeking a

are calling for government to promote a growth agenda based on a

Brexit outcome which recognises the strategic importance of local

competitive and efficient agri-food sector, which is delivering growth,

agriculture and its ability to produce high quality food in a sustainable

jobs and productivity.

way, according to the organisation’s chief executive Robin Irvine. He added: “The province’s high dependence on imported feed materials for the intensive

“This has to be based on profitable and efficient farm businesses, supported by a programme to drive competitiveness and sustainability. Steps must also be taken to provide protection against the extremes of price volatility at farm level.”

livestock sector means that it is vitally important

He concluded: “There is potential for such a programme to

to maintain existing trading patterns, ensuring

reduce the UK’s dependence on imported food through a focus on

favourable access to grains, feed and fertiliser

local supply, produced to the highest standards, in a well-regulated

on the global marketplace, preferably free of quotas or tariffs.

and welfare friendly environment and to invigorate farming and the

“Currently, 90% of feed ingredients are imported into Northern

rural economy.”

Ireland with roughly half coming from the EU and the remainder from third countries such as North and South America. “Agribusinesses are calling for government to work constructively

Jim Gibbons appointed President of Irish Seed Trade Association.

with EU partners to develop a bilateral approach to agricultural trade

Jim Gibbons has been recently appointed as the new President of

which facilitates historic trading patterns, while appreciating that the

the Irish Seed Trade Association (ISTA) following a recent AGM. Jim

vast majority of food produced in Northern Ireland is for consumption

will serve a two-year term as ISTA President, and takes over from

beyond these shores.”

John Dalton of Chancellors Mills, Kilkenny.

Page 28 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

Technical Manager of Germinal Ireland for over 25 years, Jim is well accustomed to the challenges that lie ahead for the tillage industry.

National Farm Survey. “The BDGP and GLAS schemes are of particular importance on cattle and sheep farms,” he added.

The Irish Seed Trade Association (ISTA) represents multipliers,

Milk price was down almost 10% in 2016 on the back of a 20%

producers and distributors of certified seed in Ireland. Its role is to

reduction in 2015; despite this, milk production continued to expand

promote the use of certified seed in tillage, forage and grassland

in 2016. This resulted in income on dairy farms falling by 17 per

crops and to ensure the best varieties of seed are made available

cent to an average of €51,809. The Teagasc National Farm Survey

to Irish farmers.

results show that considerable efficiency gains continued to be

Jim is keen to promote the important role of ISTA for the gain

achieved on dairy farms in 2016. Analysis of farms over the period

of tillage farmers and growers throughout the country. “Within my

since quota removal, shows that 4 out of every 5 dairy farms have

term as President of ISTA I want to ensure that the Irish Seed Trade

increased production.

Association continues to support the efforts of ensuring that the best

“Increases in milk volume and production efficiency further

available varieties, produced to the highest possible standards are

reduced production costs in 2016, but lower milk price meant that

available. Seed is the bedrock for our production systems so this is

dairy farmers were unable to maintain their incomes”, said Teagasc

critical to ensure the continued success of Irish Agriculture”.

Economist Trevor Donnellan.

John Dalton will serve as outgoing Vice-President, along with the new incoming Vice-President Phil Meaney of Glanbia.

Tillage farms were severely affected by a decline in crop yields in 2016. Coupled with a reduction in the price of cereals, this resulted in a 10% fall in average tillage farm income to €30,816. Lamb

Irish farm incomes fall by 9% in 2016

prices decreased by 2% in 2016 and with direct payments receipts

A preliminary estimate of the Teagasc National Farm Survey results

relatively unchanged the average sheep farm income remained

show that family farm income decreased by 9% in 2016, bringing the

stable at €16,011.

average income figure for the farming sector to €24,060. This is the

Almost €690 million was invested by farmers in their businesses

return for the farmers’ labour and for the land and capital employed

in 2016, of which over €245 million was invested on dairy farms. As

in the business.

in previous years two-thirds of farms have no business related debt,

Speaking at the recent launch of the results in Dublin, Dr.

with many choosing to fund new investment from working capital. On

Emma Dillon, Economist with the Teagasc National Farm Survey

the remaining one-third of farms the average debt level is €63,764

said; “despite increased direct payments and a reduction in some

or 1.8 times the income level.

of the key input items such as fertiliser, further falls in milk prices

Farming continues to remain highly reliant on direct payments.

and poorer crop yields than in recent years, resulted in a 9 per cent

The average direct payment per farm was nearly €18,000 in 2016,

decline in average farm income in 2016”.

comprising 75 per cent of farm income on average and almost 100

The continued roll-out of GLAS and the Beef Data Genomics

per cent of income on the average cattle and average sheep farm.

Programme (BDGP) saw direct payments on cattle farms increase

The farming population in Ireland includes a considerable

by between 5 and 11% in 2016 relative to the previous year. This

number of part-time farms with almost one in three farmers working

increase helped offset lower cattle prices and it meant that the

elsewhere off-farm. Just over half of all farm households have an

average farm income on cattle farms increased by between 2% and

off-farm income source from either the farm-holder or spouse.

4% in 2016 depending on the production system.

In spite of the fall in 2016, average farm income has become

Despite this increase, average cattle farm incomes remain

less volatile over the last five years. Looking ahead to 2017,

quite low, at just €12,908 for cattle rearing farms in 2016; “Cattle

prospects for dairy are very positive, with a dramatic recovery in

farmers are still very reliant on direct payments which comprise a

incomes forecast. Average incomes on drystock farms should remain

large proportion of their income,” said Brian Moran of the Teagasc

relatively stable.

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 29

Moy Park put up for sale

severely reduce barley yields. But the potential is there for serious

The head of one of Northern Ireland’s largest employers, Moy Park,

problems to be created down-the-line.

has moved to calm fears over the future of the business which has been put on the market by its owner, the Brazil-based JBS Group. Moy Park CEO Janet McCollum said it was business as usual

“Tillage margins are tight enough. And the last thing growers need is to be confronted with another disease challenge that can hit yields.

for the Craigavon-based poultry giant. She said: “JBS S.A. has

“Cereal growers are a pretty resilient bunch. They are always up

announced a programme of divestment focused on strengthening

for any challenge that confronts them. But, where BYDV is concerned,

JBS’s financial position through net debt reduction.

this is a battle which they cannot win at present time, as they do not

“The assets currently under consideration for sale include the

have the required tools in their lockers.”

Moy Park business. “Moy Park is a successful and growing food business with a solid

In my opinion … Richard Halleron

financial standing. I have no doubt that our success is due to the

The DUP now has the ball at its toe

great strengths of this business – our exceptional people, innovation

The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) has always seen itself as the

and performance.

political organisation with the true interests of agriculture in Northern

“I also know that this will ensure our continued growth and stability well into the future. “Our priority remains business as usual – delivering outstanding quality, innovation and service to our customers and consumers.”

Ireland at heart. And, courtesy of the UK election result, it now has the opportunity to convert this sentiment into meaningful reality. It’s a given that farming and food will be the sectors most impacted

Founded in 1943, Moy Park is collectively the largest poultry

upon by whatever Brexit deal is finally arrived at. But, courtesy of its

processor in the province and also operates in GB making it one of

‘confidence and supply agreement’ with the Conservative Party, the

the UK’s 15 biggest food companies.

DUP now has the opportunity to secure a meaningful compensation package for farming in the North.

BYDV crisis unfolding in Ireland’s South East

And this principle holds whether the next parliament lasts for five months, or five years.

Between 8% and 10% of the spring barley crop area in Ireland’s South

All farmers in Northern Ireland, particularly those within the arable

East region is affected by Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus (BYDV) this year,

sector, are totally dependent on the EU’s Basic Payment support

according to Teagasc tillage advisor Ciaran Hickey.

mechanism, simply to survive.

“And the problem is growing. BYDV is now a real talking point

Recent months have been marked by rumours from London

for both feed and malting barley growers. The reality is that we now

to the effect that Whitehall does not favour direct farmer payments.

have a grain aphid population that is resistant to all the aphicides that

Surely Arlene Foster, the DUP leader, will act quickly to change the

are currently available.”

minds of Westminster policymakers on this issue.

Hickey said that the BYDV problem is more apparent in latersown crops and those sown-out in sheltered coastal areas. “Farmers are now seeing the real scale of the problem as they drive through crops in their tractors. And they are deeply concerned that matters are only going to get worse. Hickey said that new chemistries to control aphids had failed to materialise. “This is because of the longer registration periods that are required to get new products on to the market. “BYDV is a real yield-robber. The launch of a new aphicide had

And then there is the small matter of ‘cheap’ food imports, potentially, flooding the UK market from countries around the world, courtesy of post-Brexit trade deals. The reality here is that no country making up the current EU-28 grouping does cheap food. This is because of legislation relating to the minimum wage and the standards laid down within the myriad of quality assurance schemes currently in effect throughout the EU. So getting some form of commitment from the Conservatives on this issue would go down well with every farmer in Northern Ireland, never mind DUP supporters.

previously been expected for 2017. But this has now been put back.

And then there’s the old game, which all politicians play, called:

And I cannot say with any certainty when this new chemistry will

‘we want the money’. Any increases in the block grant for Northern

come on to the market.”

Ireland that can be squeezed out of Westminster will be good news for

Hickey confirmed that, in general terms, spring barley crops in the Wexford area are looking well at the present time. “The scale of the BYDV problem is not large enough, as yet, to

Page 30 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

farming at some level. And, no doubt, the DUP can add significantly to this shopping list for agriculture, when it comes to dealing with a minority Tory government during the period ahead.

SFT ANNIVERSARY EVENT ENJOYED BY ALL Congratulations are due to John Davies, secretary of the Society

Alongside the conference there was an exhibition of the history

of Feed Technologists, to whom the responsibility of organising the

of the industry told through a collection of memorabilia, photographs

celebrations to mark the 50th anniversary of the society fell quite early

and artefacts which had been contributed by members and collated

in his tenure. The event was a great success, providing a great mix of

by Paul Poornan of Humphrey Feeds. This was followed by a meeting

entertainment, nostalgia, technical insight and looking forward to the

of the Next Generation of young members, led by Melanie Blake of

future. John was ably assisted by Jim Fordyce and other members of

Cargill’s Format Solutions. The definition of young was said to be a

the SFT committee.

matter for personal definition; suffice it to say that your editor definitely

With over 120 delegates in attendance, the conference program

felt quite old when he went in to take a picture! But to see so many

was divided into two concurrent sessions, with one concentrating on

younger members discussing the next 50 years in the feed industry

the pig and poultry sectors while the other focussed on ruminant issues.

was hugely encouraging.

In the afternoon, everyone came together to attend a session called

The black tie anniversary dinner was entertained by Dr Peter

‘Feedback to the Future’ which began with Alf Croston sharing his

Darashah, a founder member of the society, who reflected on the role

memories of the industry, dating back to his early childhood in the 1920s,

of the SFT over the years, and finally by Derbyshire hill farmer Peter

and continuing through his working life covering a period of immense

Slack who regaled the audience with his tales of ramblers in the Peak

change and development in engineering technology and in the structure

District and his observations of their interactions with farm animals

of the industry as a whole. Alf’s paper is included as an article elsewhere

and farmers. In between, a presentation was made by Michael Ennis

in this issue. The session concluded with David Yiend, CEO of AB Agri,

to Mabel Foye, in recognition of her service to the society for over 40

looking at the challenges faced by the animal feed sector.

years before retiring as secretary in 2016.

Above: Mabel Foye receiving a presentation from Michael Ennis in recognition of her many years of service to the society. Left (top) Alf Croston addressing the conference with his ‘Memories of a feed milling man’; (middle): Paul Poornan talking about the exhibition of artefacts telling the history of the feed industry; (bottom): Melanie Blake leads a meeting of the ‘Next Generation’ of feed technologists. Proceedings concluded the following morning with a visit to see the production and research facilities at nearby Harper Adams University. Overall, an extremely successful event which seems to have been enjoyed by all who attended.

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 31

memories of a feed milling man

Paper delivered by Alf Croston, Director, Croston Engineering, on June 8th 2017 at the 50th Anniversary of the Society of Feed Technologists.

On being asked to reminisce on how the feed milling industry has

and the ladies in the baghouse. Can you imagine that being allowed

changed over the 20 Century I was reminded of the opening sentence

to happen today!!


about the house in Daphne De Maurier’s book, Rebecca – “Often in

I remember the huge Airship, Hindenburg, flying low over the

my dreams my thoughts go back to Mandalay”. For often I, too, think

Liverpool Docks in 1937, as it did around the other ports in the UK

back to my childhood in Liverpool before the 1939-45 War and all

on a so called goodwill visit but, actually, a spying mission for the

that has subsequently taken place in the industry to which all of my

war that was building up. It was hydrogen filled and caught fire when

working life has been dedicated – and of the friends and companies

landing in New Jersey, USA in May that year with 36 killed of the 97

that are no more.

on board and one on the ground. The disaster was captured by waiting

I had an early introduction to the industry as my father was chief engineer of the Crosfields & Calthrop Mill in Liverpool and of their later post-war acquisitions in Glasgow, Bristol and Aston (Nantwich) and which, in due course, became part of the Dalgety Group.

photographers, film crews and a radio commentator, making it an historic reported air accident. Through to the 1960’s, Liverpool was typical of all the major ports around the country – London, Manchester, Birkenhead, Avonmouth,

Before the Great War he served an engineering apprenticeship

Hull, Glasgow, Belfast, to name just a few – in being home to a number

and attended night school. Although in a reserved occupation, he

of the major animal feed and flour mills. This was one of the reasons

volunteered for the Royal Engineers and served for four years in

why the ports were targeted in the German bombing campaign which,

the French battlefields before joining Crosfields and Calthrop and

together with submarine attacks, was intended to starve the country

progressing to Group Chief Engineer. He was highly respected.

into submission during the 1939-45 War.

On a number of occasions as a schoolboy, I visited the Vauxhall

It is interesting that, in those early war days, the major destruction

Road Mill in Liverpool and wandered around talking to the operators

was caused due to fires started by small incendiary devices which could easily be dealt with using a stirrup pump or long handled shovel and

Figure 1. A typical seven storey building.

a bucket of sand. Crosfields saved their own premises having started their own unofficial fire watch rota – the authorities, as always, were slow to react and only organised fire watching on a national basis after a lot of the fire damage had taken place. Interesting, too, that when fire brigades were brought in from outside the City to assist, they were helpless as fire hose connections were not standardised in those days – again something that should have been realised much earlier. So, what were those port mill areas like? Firstly, every commodity was handled in hessian sacks, the minimum being 1 cwt. and, in some cases, well over 2 cwt. None of the maximum 25 kg that applies today, that would have been a joke. The sacks were craned out of the holds of ships – most ingredients were imported – on to horse drawn carts or a few steam tractors and transported up quite steep streets, cobbled to enable the hooves of the teams of two or four horses to get a grip. The animals, in the main, were well looked after as the livelihood of the drivers depended on them. Every May Day there was a massive parade of these powerful animals in a local park, all beautifully turned out and adorned with gleaming leathers, horse-brasses and flowers. A real beauty parade with lots of prizes to be won. A typical seven storey building would function both as a warehouse and milling operation with hoist access doors at each level (Figure 1).The

Page 32 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

Figure 2. Manhandling of bags in an old mill

a radical rethink. And so the pre-grind design of plant came into being in which major usage materials were delivered in bulk and were stored in pre-grind bins and individually ground, before being delivered into designated meal bins prior to batching, mixing and processing onwards to finished product bins. In other words, simply following the old manual handling procedures but substituting bins for bags, although a lot of minor ingredients were still carried in bags – as were many of the finished products. Then, someone came up with the bright idea that if the raw materials were weighed out as a batch they could pass through the grinding and mixing process and straight into finished product meal bins or pre-pelleting bins – so reducing the number of storage bins required and simplifying the handling plant. Thus was born the post-grind mill that we know today. At the same time advances in plant breeding meant that more

sacks would be hoisted to the upper floors where they were hand trucked

home produced grain was becoming available and this, together with

to convenient storage locations. (Figure 2) Men would often ride on the

the beginning of bulk deliveries of finished products to farms, brought

hoist chains rather than use the stairs to get to their place of work after

with it the advantages of siting mills nearer to farmer customers and

unloading the cart. Alternatively they used the now outlawed man-lift

achieving reciprocal trading with them.

that consisted of an endless belt fitted with platforms at intervals.

The port milling companies started to buy and expand the long

Every material that required grinding was dealt with individually by

established family run independent milling and merchanting firms or

being tipped into a grinder bin. After passing through the grinder it was

to build standardised satellite mills at strategic points throughout the

again bagged off and re-stored until needed for tipping into a mixer.

country with the result that there are virtually no port mills in operation

Along with other ingredients it made up a batch that would finally be


bagged up yet again as a finished product in meal form or turned into

As the complexity and accurate weighing of ingredients grew in

pellets, using early forms of machines pioneered by firms such as that

importance so did the need for automated control, particularly batching

started by Richard Sizer. Again, the finished products, in bags, were

a ration prior to mixing. Originally, as mentioned earlier, ground meal

outloaded on to carts or lorries for transporting to country merchants

was bagged off, weighed, and stored prior to tipping into the mixer

for onward sale to farmers. Bibby’s for one made great use of the then

when needed. Then bags were replaced by pre-grind meal bins and,

extensive railway network to deliver to depots all over the country from

finally in the post-grind plant, just raw material bins.

which farmers were serviced.

An early method was for a mobile weigher on rails to be manually

The impression remains of a great deal of manual labour being

pushed under each bin in turn with the operator opening a lever

used to constantly tip from and refill hessian sacks – not forgetting the

operated slide or bomb door outlet until the desired weight was

bag house where a group of tough ladies were constantly employed

achieved. The weigher was then discharged into a collecting conveyor.

in cleaning sacks for re-use. This was done by presenting the sack

A later improvement led to the weigher being motorised and connected

to a suction nozzle which turned the sack inside out and on being

to a catenary track. An alternative was to have static large dial weighers

re-presented, the sack was turned back again. On some more

located beneath individual or nests of four bins, with the operator still

sophisticated cleaning units, the cleaned sack, on being released,

responsible for opening or shutting each slide in turn in the hope of

would then be carried away to a storage area.

being quick enough to collect the right quantity according to his hand

The two wars were the great watersheds of the 20th century for this country. During 1939-45 great advances were made on the nutritional

written recipe card. As can be imagined, this arrangement was both inaccurate and dusty.

front. Despite strict rationing the population was provided with a

Later, screw type dischargers made their appearance and could be

balanced diet and was healthier than at any other period – including

configured to feed a reduced number of weighers but still under push

today!! This also applied to the animal feed industry which really had

button control by the operator. One of the favourite innovations that I

its beginnings when it had been noticed a hundred years earlier that

saw had automobile gear boxes incorporated into the drives so that,

cows accidentally feeding on residue cake discarded from the oil

by operating the gear change lever, the rate of flow could be altered

crushing industry were physically much improved and produced more,

to suit the material in each bin and so improve accuracy.

and better quality, milk.

It was realised that accurate blending of materials was now of

This breakthrough in nutritional understanding led to many other

crucial importance in providing a properly balanced ration and much

ingredients being used to make up rations. The complexity in handling

thought went into trying to take the responsibility out of the hands of

them, with the consequent chance of errors occurring, the increasing

the operator.

cost of labour, improved roads and the advent of bulk vehicles led to

Punch card systems came into being whereby a recipe could be

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 33

Figure 3. PLC computer system controlling the operation of a feed mill

The big breakthrough came with the advent of load cells, on to which weighers are now mounted, and with batch weighments being accurately controlled, recorded, and tracked through the whole production process under computer control. (Figure 3). In a post-grind mill, the weighed batch is conveyed to a live grinder bin where a preliminary mixing takes place prior to feeding the grinder. This has an added advantage in that it improves grinder throughput. Historically ground material was pneumatically conveyed from the grinder to a cyclone from which most product settled out but a small amount always escaped to atmosphere even if efforts were made with filter bags to reduce the nuisance and waste. When a range of standardised dust filter units came into being, it was realised that, by mounting the grinder and a suitably sized dust unit on an expansion hopper, the dust problem disappeared and power requirements were substantially reduced as the pneumatic conveying fan was no longer needed.

set up by piercing a series of holes in a card and placing in a console which then gave requisite electrical signals to the dischargers and weighing equipment. This was a great innovation but there was still the possibility of a mistake being made either by punching a hole in an incorrect place or inserting the wrong card out of the many that were available. The most ingenious – and complicated – on another plant with which I was closely involved was designed by a Mr Lingard who had been not only a senior engineer building the Jodrell Bank Space Telescope but a composer as well. It is interesting how often mathematics and music go together. His design had a weigh pan containing a series of weights which were individually picked up, rather like the crane in an amusement arcade with which one attempts to pick out small prizes after putting in a coin. At least his system worked!! Figure 4. Three tier mixing plant incorporating weighed amount of fat

Again, historically, final mixing was carried out using tubular vessels each containing a vertical screw and operating in tandem. Because of their method of operation they were known as fountain mixers and needed 15/20 minutes mixing time. The dispersion of micro-ingredients was not very accurate and the addition of liquids caused balling-up. Although much more expensive, it was realised that a horizontal mixer was much more effective and, in the form of a three-tier system, carried out an effective mixing operation in three minutes including liquids addition. (Figure 4). Later designs have incorporated fast bomb door discharge which ensures that there is virtually no residue left behind in the mixer itself to cause cross-contamination – important in these days of medicated feed. So important, that these days a mill will contain separate mixing lines dedicated to medicated and non-medicated products respectively or with separate mill sites so dedicated. Finished meals go forward either to packing and bulk outloading or for further processing into pelleted feed. The basic principles for the latter remain the same in that conditioning with steam and liquids takes place together with various methods of “working” the mixture to achieve optimum condition for producing a presentable pellet at high capacity and with minimum wear at the press. Different configurations of the latter are available but, basically meal is forced through a die by rollers and the resulting extruded pellets cut to size. (Figure 5). Pelleting machines, as with grinders, have increased in size enormously over the years. At this stage the resultant pellets are friable and hot so requiring gentle handling and cooling. Various types of cooler have been used in the past but the most popular in present use is the “Big Bin” contraflow type in which ambient air is drawn through the product as it passes through the cooler on a first-in, first out principle. The final stage is to convert pellets into crumbs if desired, before effectively screening to remove dust and overtails prior to packing or bulk outloading. In this review I have dealt in lay man’s terms with the basic changes that I have witnessed and been part of over many years and, of necessity, have not been able to include a lot of the other technicalities that have taken place. It has been a gradual but dramatic revolution.

Page 34 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

Figure 5. Progression of pelleting methods over time

overnight. Many orders were placed verbally and with a handshake, such was the mutual trust. I was never let down and I tried never to let a client down either. There were many characters around and lots of stories to tell but space does not allow unfortunately. As I look at the old trade directories that I have on file one realises that there has always been a continual movement over the years with ownership changes, names of firms disappearing, amalgamations, closures, etc. So there is nothing new in what is happening at present – except that it is all taking place in a much shorter space of time and on a much larger scale. And so, what about the future? It is foolhardy to attempt to predict anything in these fast changing times. I recall a speaker at a UKASTA Convention held at Gleneagles Hotel many years ago – the Hotel and many others in the area fully occupied by our industry. He informed the audience that within ten years there would be only four major milling organisations plus all the co-operative societies. How many of the latter remain? I was also once asked for details about our five year plan and replied that we never even know what the next day is going to bring. I have witnessed the time and effort put in on preparing such plans and which were discarded within months as circumstances changed. Environmental issues will continue to be a major factor – air pollution, noise reduction, more efficient drive systems and automation and data services to provide traceability from receipt of raw materials onwards to delivery of finished products. Linked to worldwide population growth there will be an increasing need for meat substitute texturized vegetable proteins (TVP) utilising

Just compare a modern mill with its predecessors and recognise what

extrusion processing. Another source of proteins will come from the

has taken place – a bit like Darwin’s theory of Evolution really:

harvesting and extraction of proteins from insects which provide a

Advances in nutritional knowledge.

very rich and efficient source in comparison with that from animals.

Virtual elimination of man-handling sacks and labour.

China and parts of Asia have a long history in producing insect based

Demise of port mills as production moved inland.

food products.

Take-over of many family businesses.

Bulk handling of raw materials and finished products.

Change from pre-grind to post-grind systems.

Accurate automated weighing and batch tracking systems.

Gravity discharge from grinders instead of pneumatic collection.

Three-tier horizontal mixers replacing fountain type.

Designating and separating non-medicated from medicated

With the increasing costs of transport will this alter the location and size of mills? What effect will Brexit have? Only time will tell.

Figure 6. Feed mill designed and built by Croston Engineering.

feed. •

Methods of conditioning.

Increasing sizes of grinders, pelleting machines, etc.

Methods of cooling.

Addition of enzymes.

Control by sophisticated computer systems.

Environmental concerns; noise, dust, smells, traffic, etc.

Precautions for the prevention of fires and dust explosions.

Ever increasing regulations, inspections, and paperwork.

The quickening change of ownership in the industry.

It would be remiss of me not to recall with a great deal of affection the many friends I have known over the years, particularly the familyowned businesses where I would be invited for a meal or to stay

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 35

this discharge system particularly durable. While a dosing screw may have an operating life of five years at most, a dosing slide can remain in operation for decades.

Geometry To a certain extent, the discharge system determines the geometry of the silo and, with this, the flow of the product in the silo. Ideal with a

Dosing slide vs. dosing screw

dosing slide is that the outflow surface is in the middle of the silo funnel while that of a dosing screw preferably touches the vertical funnel wall on the discharge side. With a pull-out screw, this vertical wall is required to prevent a dead product zone from occurring. In a symmetrical silo funnel (e.g., at a 70° angle), the dosing screw will push the product

By Jos Verleg, KSE Process Technology B.V When designing silo-discharge systems in process installations, one is often confronted with the question of whether to use a dosing slide or a dosing screw. An important advantage of a dosing slide is that a large dynamic flow range can be achieved both quickly and accurately. In a silo in a specific process installation, it’s a challenge to find the most optimal solution for a discharge system. In many cases it involves considering either a dosing slide or a dosing screw. A responsible choice requires insight into the workings and properties of both a dosing slide and a dosing screw. This involves such aspects as the interaction between the product and the discharge system, the effect of the discharge system on the flow within the silo, the dynamic flow range, dosage precision, the controls and the power consumption of the discharge system. The dosing slide consists of a fixed upper grid and a lower grid that moves back and forth during the dosage process.

Activation One important aspect is the interaction between the product and the discharge system. A characteristic of the dosing slide is that it discharges the product in the silo by means of a product-friendly vertical activation. This ensures that the product does not become compacted as can happen with a dosing screw that presses the product through from a single side. The dosing slide sets the product in motion without transporting it. This means that the product flows out immediately in a vertical direction, using gravity. As opposed to a dosing screw’s method, no energy is introduced into the product, so no product damage or compaction occurs. The simple design of the dosing slide also makes

that is just above the surface of the product right up against the funnel wall on the discharge side. There, this product forms a dead zone that jeopardises the important FIFO principle (First In First Out). A vertical funnel wall can partially prevent the formation of such a dead zone, but this then requires a certain height (typically 1 metre). The storage capacity of the silo with a dosing screw is therefore smaller (in the event of an equivalent funnel angle) than that of a silo with a dosing slide.

Mass flow In general, a dosing slide yields a far greater discharge surface than does a dosing screw. The discharge surface of a dosing screw is determined by the relatively small diameter of the screw and the length of the screw. The discharge surface of the dosing slide can easily reach 25% of the silo surface. With a dosing screw, this percentage rarely exceeds 10%. A dosing slide’s larger and central discharge surface assures a uniform outflow, giving rise to mass flow in the silo (the FIFO principle). In addition, less construction height is required for a given amount of storage capacity (at equivalent funnel angles).

Dosage range An important characteristic of the dosing slide is its enormous dynamic flow range. The ratio between minimum and maximum flow can easily be 1:1000. The dosage flow of an FCD dosing slide (the smallest in the ALFRA assortment) for materials with poor flow properties can even range from 30 g/min. (0.5 g/sec.) to 35 kg/min. With a dosing screw, the dynamic flow range does not exceed 1:20. Increasing RPMs does increase capacity, but it also translates into slip – and all the more as RPM increases. Although the placement of a second screw below the main screw can reduce the minimum flow to 1% of maximum flow, for example, flow range is then generally not continuously variable, while investment costs for equipment and, particularly, controls increase significantly. In addition, start-up of a discharge screw at low RPM requires an extra-strong motor with a frequency controller. This extra power is necessary to provide the breakaway torque. This requirement doesn’t apply to a dosing slide.

Dosage precision With a dosing slide, minimum dosage quantities approach 0 grams; with a dosing screw, this quantity is determined by the volume in one

Page 36 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

turn of the screw. Once the dosing screw’s discharge opens a screw compartment, this compartment flows out completely. In addition, there is the risk of the product’s continuing to flow (primarily if the product has the tendency to become fluid). It is, of course, possible to install a shut-off after the dosing screw for more precise dosages, but the next dosage then amounts to at least that quantity of material that the shut-off held back. By contrast, a dosing slide closes immediately and completely. The dynamic flow range results in the dosing slide being able to provide both rapid and precise dosing. With a dosing slide/scale combination, the limiting factor to precise dosage is the scale, not the dosing slide. For this, a weigher-in-weigher can be helpful. This offers the possibility of dosing both 50 g and 100 kg from the same silo in a single weighing unit with the precision of a few grams within flow

For this same amount of effort, a dosing screw requires at least a 25-

ranges up to 5 kg.

kW motor. Furthermore, every dosing screw requires its own power unit and frequency controller.

Controls A dosing slide requires a greater investment than a dosing screw,

Discharge characteristics

but with the deployment of six or more dosing slides under a silo

The controls for a dosing slide are more intelligent and, consequently,

block, it’s cheaper than using six dosing screws with shut-offs. This is

more complex than those of a dosing screw (for a screw, flow is

because dosing slides (whether this be 4, 6 or even 24 dosing slides)

proportional to RPM, within certain limits). A dosing slide, however, allows

are all powered by one single hydraulic cylinder. This single cylinder

for variation in the percentage of opening, stroke length and frequency.

activates a framework to which the dosing slides can be linked at

For certain applications, the shape of the vanes can also be adjusted

will. The power consumption of a dosing slide is extremely low. For

(more or fewer progressive openings). This allows the achievement of

example, it’s possible to dose up to 50 kg/second with a 3-kW motor.

optimum discharge properties for the material to be dosed.


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ALFRA Dosing & Weighing To find out more visit www.alfra.nl

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 37

Sponsored case study

Global equine feed supplier boosts bagging efficiency by 15% with Pacepacker’s FastPac Upgrading an automated bagging line has led to one of the UK’s leading animal feedstuffs manufacturer, I’Anson Bros Ltd, achieving a 15% increase in output. With significant volumes being packed each day, the innovative new FastPac Sack Placer, installed by Pacepacker Services, has significantly improved line efficiency with the ability to handle a new range of sacks. I’Anson’s North Yorkshire automated production plant manufactures and annually packs tens of thousands of tonnes per year, including micronized ingredients and feed for horses. For several years the company has been steadily introducing new bagging and palletising lines to achieve premium pack presentation to its portfolio of products. Packed into four different bag sizes, weighing between 15-25 kilos, I’Anson products are sold to over 30 countries worldwide. Seeking to improve the bagging efficiency of its patented product Speedi-Beet™, I’Anson approached longstanding supplier of automation equipment Pacepacker. The company’s recent addition to

Above: 20% faster than previous model’s Pacepacker’s FastPac sack placer overcomes issues relating to picking up plastic sacks with mechanical grippers

its sack placer portfolio - the new FastPac range of bagging solutions

frequently needed to intervene. Having one worker permanently

- provided the ideal solution.

manning the line, manually lifting the bags when they became stuck

While traditionally packed within paper sacks, I’Anson observed that demand among customers was increasing for the high fibre

was causing significant machine downtime and consequently impacting our productivity.”

ingredient to be packed in laminated woven propylene bags, as these

Capable of running at 17 bags per minute, Pacepacker’s new

offer enhanced durability to reduce produce waste and better graphics.

FastPac sack placer is up to 20% faster than its previous models.

However, bagging produce using this plastic material was causing a

Although the speed increase had large appeal, it was also the system’s

production bottleneck. Brian Hobbins, Production Manager at I’Anson

ability to handle an unprecedented range of sacks.

explains: “Plastic sacks can be tricky to handle as they are either

Benefiting from the integration of mechanical grippers along

too slippery or contain static. Previously, this often resulted in more

with the conventional suction grippers found in most sack placers,

than one bag being picked up at the same time, so our operatives

Pacepacker’s FastPac sack placer counteracts the issue of bags sticking together by picking bags up by the bottom and peeling them off the stack, rather than picking up the top of the bag. When the bag is picked from the pile by the sack placer it is immediately held in place on a sack clamp for filling. I’Anson’s new FastPac sack placer was installed alongside Pacepacker’s flagship Total Bag Control System (TBC). Once the sack is placed onto the clamp by the sack placer the TBC takes over. Using motorised grip arms, the TBC transports each filled sack of SpeediBeet™ to be stitched. The sacks are then stacked onto pallets using a robotic palletiser. “Since installation we haven’t looked back.” Brian comments, “We no longer need to intervene, which allows our operators to focus on other key areas within the production line. Pacepacker has been instrumental in keeping us abreast of new technology and upgrading

Above: Working in tandem with Pacepacker’s flagship TBC the entire

our systems over the years which in turn allows us to continue meeting

line has increased efficiency by 15% for I’Anson

our customer’s evolving needs.”

Page 38 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

COMPOUND FEED PRODUCTION IN THE EU IN 2016 vs 2015: +0.4% POSSIBLE REDUCTION IN 2017 Compound feed production in 2016 According to data provided by FEFAC members, compound feed production[1] in the EU-28[2] in 2016 reached 155.4Â million tonnes, which is 0.4% more than in 2015. Poultry feed has seen its production grow by 2%, whereas pig feed fell by 1% and cattle feed remained stable. On the pig feed side, after two years of moderate growth, production decreased by 1% in 2016. This can partly be explained by the effects of African Swine Fever in Eastern Europe, which weighed heavily on the development of pigmeat production, but also by low market prices for pigmeat in the first half of 2016 and large availability of feed grade cereals at low prices which benefitted on-farm mixing. The picture is extremely mixed throughout Europe for cattle feed. The Netherlands and Poland have seen their production of cattle feed increase by more than 8%, whereas France moved in the opposite direction, reflecting diverging national milk production following the abolishment of dairy quotas. Finally, despite the Avian Influenza outbreak impacting several poultry producing regions of Europe, poultry feed production performed rather well in 2016 and confirmed its position as the leading segment of EU industrial compound feed production, well ahead of pig feed. For the third year in a row, Poland was one of the best performing countries, with annual growth of +4.7%, boosted by the demand for poultry feed (+6%) which has turned Poland into the largest poultry producing country in the EU, but also a +8% in cattle feed. Among the other large EU producing countries, Italy, the Netherlands and Spain recorded positive

results (+1.0/1.5%), whereas Germany remained stable. France has seen its production fall by 3 to 4% in all segments, these changes being due either to the shrinking of dairy production after the withdrawal of the dairy quotas or the impact of AI in the South of France in particular. France remains in third position in terms of total compound feed production, although the gap with the second, Spain, has widened significantly. Germany remains the leading feed producing country. [1] From 2016 on, FEFAC no longer includes dry petfood production in its statistics [2] Greece, Malta and Luxembourg excluded

Forecast for 2017 FEFAC market experts are relatively sanguine concerning industrial compound feed production in 2017. The dairy sector still needs to recover from the severe milk price crisis, thereby likely negatively impacting the dairy herd in 2017, while national adjustments to meet environmental criteria also play a role. These developments may lead to a reduction of cattle feed production by 0.5%. The expected stabilisation of pigmeat production in Europe could induce a moderate reduction in demand for pig feed (-1%). Poultry exports will continue to be affected by Avian Influenza, thus putting pressure on EU poultry production and subsequently the feed segment (+0%). Overall, this would lead to a 0.5% decrease in compound feed production in 2017 vs. 2016. A number of parameters will evidently affect this outlook. The evolution of outbreaks of Avian Influenza and African Swine Fever will be decisive, in particular in terms of EU export capacities preservation.

Estimated Industrial Compound Production in the EU-28 (000 t)




































































































520** -5.5





































































































































































































































































































































-4.9 1.9





























































































HR EUR 28 *

*Without Luxemburg. Greece and Malta

** From 2015 on, Dutch production of milk replacers is a rough estimate, due to statistical confidentiality

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 39

Feed is the key source of mycotoxins

are mycotoxins a manageable problem? By Radka Borutova, Business Development Manager, Nutriad International

These days poultry diets contain much higher inclusion of maize and

carcinogenic mycotoxins were shown to occur naturally in mouldy corn

maize byproducts of DDGS than swine diets. This information forces

in Transkei. Shortly thereafter, high levels of fumonisins in the 1989 U.S.

us to think about how feed containing medium to high concentration of

corn crop resulted in large-scale field outbreaks of ELEM and PPE in

fusarium mycotoxins will affect poultry. Earlier experiments, conducted

horses and pigs, respectively, in the United States. Subsequently, the

for short periods or using single purified compounds, showed that

fumonisins were found to occur naturally in corn worldwide, including

poultry were resistant to fumonisins (FUM). More recent experiments,

corn consumed as the staple diet by people at high risk for EC in

utilising naturally contaminated grains fed to poultry for extended

Transkei and China. These findings, together with the fact that the

periods, have shown that combinations of fusarium mycotoxins pose

fumonisins cause field outbreaks of mycotoxicoses in animals, are

significant risks to poultry performance and health.

carcinogenic in rats, and disrupt sphingolipid metabolism, resulted in

Fumonisins are mycotoxins produced by Fusarium verticillioides and F. proliferatum. They occur worldwide and are found predominantly

lot of worldwide interest in these compounds during the first 10 years after the discovery of the fumonisins in 1988.

in maize and in maize-based animal feeds. These mycotoxins are frequently found in countries with tropical or subtropical climates such

Sensitivity of poultry

as Brazil and the countries of South East Asia and Southern Europe.

Poultry are much less sensitive to fumonisins when compared to pigs

Of the fumonisins, fumonisin B1 (FB1) is the most common and has

or horses with most of the toxic effects existing sub-clinically and often

been extensively studied. FB1 causes the same toxic effects in animals

remaining hidden in the flock. The “invisible” effects of fumonisins

as F. verticillioides- and F. proliferatum-contaminated feeds including

continue to cause significant performance losses in affected animals.

equine leukoencephalomalacia (ELEM) and porcine pulmonary

Poultry rations with high levels of Fusarium contamination have been

edema (PPE), diseases long associated with the consumption of

associated with poor performance, feed refusal, diarrhea, leg weakness,

mouldy feed by horses and pigs. FB1 is toxic to the liver and kidney in

oral lesions and high mortality.

all animal species, causing errors in mitosis followed by apoptosis in pigs and horses. FB1 and other fumonisins inhibit ceramide synthase

Negative effects of fumonisins in broilers are constantly underestimated

in all species and disrupt the sphingolipid metabolism, a process

The objective of the experiment was to evaluate the efficacy of the

underlying the mechanism of toxicity and pathogenesis of fumonisin-

complex mycotoxin deactivator UNIKE® Plus in reducing the toxic

related diseases.

effects of fumonisins added to broiler diets from hatch to day 21.

the affected tissues. FB1 is also toxic to the cardiovascular system in

600 birds were randomly allocated into five treatment groups with

Fumonisins have influence on us already for decades

12 replicates each and with 10 birds in each group. The experiment

The discovery of fumonisins is well described in the publication by

lasted 21 days. Dietary treatments included:

Marasas, 2001. According to Marasas, the predominant fungus isolated from mouldy corn implicated in a field outbreak of equine leukoencephalomalacia (ELEM) in South Africa in 1970 was Fusarium verticillioides (F. moniliforme). The same fungus was also prevalent in mouldy home-grown corn consumed by people in high-incidence areas of esophageal cancer (EC) in the Transkei region of South Africa. Culture material on corn of F. verticillioides strain MRC 826, which was isolated from mouldy corn in Transkei, was shown to cause ELEM in horses, porcine pulmonary edema (PPE) syndrome in pigs,


good quality feed, no product


good quality feed + 5 kg/t UNIKE®


PLUS Mycotoxins:

feed contaminated with 100 ppm of fumonisins

Mycotoxins+2,5 kg/t

contaminated feed with 2,5 kg/t

UNIKE® Plus:


Mycotoxins+5 kg/t UNIKE

contaminated feed with 5 kg/t




and liver cancer in rats. A short-term cancer initiation/promotion assay in rat liver was used to purify the carcinogen(s) in the culture material.

The typical management of birds reared in battery cages was used

These efforts finally met with success when fumonisins B1 and B2,

with feed and water offered ad libitum. The feed was contaminated

novel mycotoxins with cancer-promoting activity in rat liver, were

with a mycotoxin culture material (96% fumonisin B1, 4% fumonisin

isolated from culture material of F. verticillioides MRC 826. Following

B2). The parameters measured were: individual body weight, feed

the identification of the chemical structure of the fumonisins, these

intake and feed conversion ratio (FCR) and individual relative weight

Page 40 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

Figure 1 - The effect of UNIKE® Plus on growth performance and FCR during fumonisin toxicosis


Means with no common superscripts are significantly different (P < 0.05)

of carcass dressing (expressed as percentage). Data was analysed

The ratio between sphingolipids, sphinganine and sphingosine

by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Bonferroni test (p<0.05) was

(Sa/So) was higher in chickens fed fumonisins (Table 1). The inclusion

used to compare the means.

of UNIKE® Plus in contaminated diets caused a reduction of this ratio

Figure 1 shows that both weight and FCR were lowest in birds

and a dose effect was observed. The inclusion of 5 kg/t of UNIKE® Plus

fed the diet containing fumonisins. At the end of the experiment, the

reduced Sa/So by 37.8% and this was statistically significant compared

average body weight and FCR of the broilers which received fumonisins

to birds that received fumonisin-contaminated fed without product.

and UNIKE® Plus (2.5 and 5 kg/t) were significantly higher than the

This experiment demonstrated that the presence of 100

broilers which received fumonisins without mycotoxin deactivator in

ppm fumonisins in the diet caused adverse effects on the growth

feed. Both dosages of UNIKE® Plus used in the experiment resulted

performance and other health parameters of broiler chickens. The

in approximately 50% recovery of the performance losses caused by

evaluated parameters in this experiment showed significant protective

a very high level of fumonisins.

effects of UNIKE® Plus either at 2.5 or 5 kg/t. The results of this

Fumonisins in the feed resulted in increased relative liver weight

experiment indicate that continuous, specific, effective counteraction

(Table 1). The inclusion of UNIKE® Plus at both dosages significantly

and control of mycotoxins offers an opportunity to significantly improve

reduced relative liver weight compared to the birds which received

animal health, performance, productivity and profit.

fumonisins without product. the interference with the de novo synthesis of complex glyco-

Application of effective mycotoxin management in practice

sphingolipids. As a consequence, free sphingoid bases (sphinganine

The best practical way to control mycotoxin levels is to use rapid test

and sphingosine) are toxic to most cells accumulate in tissues, which

kit systems for analysis of mycotoxins in raw ingredients which are not

results in disturbances of cellular processes such as cell growth, cell

in silos yet. Different rapid test kit systems are validated for different

differentiation, and cell morphology, endothelial cell permeability and

mycotoxins and commodities and offer very quick and effective way of

apoptosis, leading to detrimental hepato and nephrotoxic effects. The

raw material screening before they enter the feed mill. Once the levels

accumulation of sphinganine and sphingosine in the serum and urine

are known every feed mill can estimate quality of its raw ingredients

is a useful biomarker for the exposure of fumonisins.

in terms of mycotoxin contamination and can effectively and more

The mode of action of fumonisins is primarily explained by

precisely (dosage adjustment) apply mycotoxin deactivator during

Table 1 - Relative liver weight and serum Sa/So ratio Treatment

production of feeds.

Relative liver weight, %

Sa/So ratio




Finished feed contains mixture of mycotoxins





Another strategy of mycotoxin risk management is to test mycotoxins




presence in finished feeds. This method has some advantages and

Fumonisins + 2,5 kg/t UNIKE® Plus



disadvantages. The most important advantage is that as every raw

Fumonisins + 5 kg/t UNIKE®Plus







ingredient will bring its own mycotoxins into the finished feed and by

Means within one column with no common superscripts are significantly different (P < 0.05) a-b

only testing some raw ingredients by rapid test kits we can miss some important raw ingredients which inclusion is not high (5-10%) and which can still cause significant contamination of finished feed.

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 41

Since the 1960’s, many analytical methods have been developed

not counteract or mask mycotoxin in stored feed or raw ingredients.

for the testing of mycotoxins in human food and animal feeds due to

These products deactivate the toxins directly in the gastrointestinal

the concern of toxicity for human health. Among them, the methods of

tract of animals, based either on adsorption of those mycotoxins with

thin-layer-chromatography (TLC), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

suitably located polar functional groups, or biological degradation

(ELISA) and immunosensor-based methods have been widely used for

(bio-inactivation). NUTRIAD specially developed feed additives protect

rapid screening, while high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)

animals from mycotoxicoses by adsorption, bio-inactivation, organ,

with fluorescence detection (FD) and mass spectrometry detection (MS)

immune and antioxidant system support and represent an optimal

have been used as confirmatory and reference. Accredited laboratory

solution for mycotoxin management for farm animals. It is highly

service is required for this step. The most important disadvantage is

recommended to apply effective mycotoxin deactivator which offers

that analysis of finished feed takes usually quite long time and in the

an opportunity to significantly improve animal health, performance,

point when the results are finally known the feed has been already fed

productivity and profit impaired by mycotoxins. Depending on the target

to the animals a long time ago.

performance different mycotoxins can be less or more problematic. Therefore, using different products for different animal groups become

Mould inhibitors may be only partly effective

a rational trend.

Storage mycotoxin contamination (ochratoxins, aflatoxins) can be prevented by keeping temperature and moisture content in silos low


while grain is regularly aerated. In case perfect storage conditions cannot

Bane D.P., Neumann E.J., Hall W.F., Harlin K.S., Slife, R.L.N. 1992.

be guaranteed usage of mould inhibitor is highly recommended.

Relationship between fumonisin contamination of feed and mystery swine disease-a case-control study. Mycopathologia; 117, 121–124.

Mycotoxin deactivation in vivo

Marasas Walter F.O.: Discovery and Occurrence of the Fumonisins: A

The final possible step in mycotoxin management is the application of

Historical Perspective. Environmental Health Perspectives. VOLUME

a mycotoxin deactivator. These products work strictly in vivo and will

109, SUPPLEMENT 2, May 2001.

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A new 3.5” colour graphic LCD screen

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displays the entire system status at a glance.

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The WDC4 model now supports belt speed

The Watchdog System is approved

shutdown control of the elevator/conveyor

monitoring for variable frequency drives

to the ATEX explosive atmosphere

and feeding system.

(VFD’s), and belt misalignment inputs for


Page 42 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

data that is viewable on any web-enabled device (smartphone, tablet, desktop PC).

Volac Wilmar Feed Ingredients launches liquid feed fats range Volac Wilmar Feed Ingredients (VWFI) has launched a new range of liquid feed fats designed to serve the compound industry. This new product range complements the company’s existing range of market leading rumen-protected dry fats and specialist dry fats for the monogastric sector. This launch marks VWFI’s next phase of development towards leadership in manufacture and supply of fat supplements in Western Europe following the joint venture announced in 2015 between Volac and global agribusiness group, Wilmar International. “The liquid feeds fat range is a new business development for VWFI and combines Volac’s nutritional reputation, global brand and sales network with the operational raw material logistics and scale of Wilmar. Moreover, it accommodates Wilmar’s strict policy on sustainability which features no deforestation, no peat and no exploitation” says Volac Wilmar’s Neil Birkett. “VWFI believes that feed fats play a vital role in sustainable and productive livestock nutrition.” Volac Wilmar’s new liquid feed fats consist of vegetable oils and/or fatty acids formulated to meet requirements across the feed industry. A variety of options are available in this developing range, including: Mega-Blend P10 - a balanced blend of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids as an energy source for ruminant animals. Mega-Liquid P10 FD and P10 CP - balanced sources of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids as energy sources for ruminant animals. Mega-Blend L20 and L30 - sources of energy and the essential omega-6 fatty acid C18:2 (linoleic acid). Mega-Liquid LAPK - a concentrated source of energy and medium-chain fatty acids which may be used as a component of a diet to target reduced bacterial load and improve health and performance of animals. Mega-Blend LE - a concentrated source of lecithin phospholipids which act as natural emulsifiers to target improved formation of micelles and digestion of fat in the animal. Liquid feed fats will be supplied from Koole Tank Terminal in Liverpool and will comply with all EU feed regulations and feed standards. VWFI is GMP+ certified and

has an integrated positive release working procedure. All liquid feed fats will be tested by certified laboratories on typical quality parameters as well as on a wide range of undesired substances.

DuPont Extends ‘FastestActing Phytase’ Product Line in Europe

Kemin Industries has launched its next-generation lipid nutrition solution, LYSOFORTE® EXTEND. By providing a complete mode of action for fat and nutrient digestion in animals, the product helps animal producers control feed costs and improve profitability. “Managing feed costs is a major factor of success for animal protein production,” said KP Philip, President of Kemin Animal Nutrition and Health. “The development of LYSOFORTE EXTEND assists animal protein producers around the globe run efficient and profitable operations.”

DuPont Industrial Biosciences (DuPont) has announced the launch of DuPont™ Axtra® PHY 20000 TPT and Axtra® PHY 25000 G in Europe. With these additions, what is claimed to be the fastest-acting phytase enzyme on the market is now available in every desired format to all European animal producers. “We are excited to extend the product line of our award-winning phytase in the EU. Axtra ® PHY has been helping animal producers throughout the world lower their production costs and reduce their environmental footprint. This launch gives European animal producers the convenience they need in today’s competitive environment, while also reducing their environmental footprint,” said Aart Mateboer, global industry leader for DuPont Danisco Animal Nutrition.

Intensive lab demonstrations showed LYSOFORTE EXTEND’s complete mode of action for lipid digestion and absorption. When animals ingest feed containing LYSOFORTE EXTEND, the combination of natural lysophospholipids, synthetic emulsifiers and monoglycerides improve emulsification and hydrolysis, which provides more nutrients for absorption. “Beyond lab research, we conducted animal research to see how the molecular benefits of LYSOFORTE EXTEND impact animals,” said Dr. Monika Bieber, Lead Global Platform Manager of Kemin. “Our studies showed improvements in feed efficiencies and performance, both leading to a higher profit for the customers.” For the past two decades, the Kemin LYSOFORTE brand has set an industry standard for absorption enhancers worldwide. The new LYSOFORTE EXTEND builds upon the key science and benefits of the LYSOFORTE brand to address the evolving nutrition concerns of animal producers. “This product fits perfectly into our lipid nutrition portfolio, which includes LYSOFORTE ® Liquid, as well as lab services, Lipid Evaluation Testing, liquid application support and expert formulation advice,” said Karl de Bruyne, Sales and Marketing Director of Kemin Animal Nutrition and Health. LYSOFORTE EXTEND is first available in Europe; registration processes have been initiated globally.

“Axtra® PHY is proven to be the fastestacting and most efficacious phytase available on the market today. DuPont’s phytase begins acting earlier in the digestive tract, rapidly destroying phytate and its anti-nutrient effects, enabling more complete nutrient uptake in the animal. By lowering the impact of phytate, Axtra® PHY enables the release and digestion of the beneficial nutrients naturally present in the feed, meaning the animal producer can significantly lower their feed cost.” “We have broiler trials that demonstrate Axtra® PHY at 1000 FTU (1) can breakdown more than 90 percent of dietary phytate and decrease feed conversion ratio by up to 10 percent,” said Raj Kappali, regional industry leader, EMEA, DuPont Industrial Biosciences. “For swine, we have seen a body weight gain of up to 20 percent in piglets and phosphorus excretion reduction by an astounding 62 percent,” he continued. “We believe in optimized dosing that is species, application and diet specific as more is not always better. By continuously investing in research and animal trials, we have generated the necessary knowledge to support a more customized recommendation on the application of Axtra® PHY, keeping producers from wasting money on overusing phytase which will not do anything extra for the poultry or swine. For nutritionists, this means they can add the right dose of phytase for their specific circumstances, to drive performance while maximizing their return on investment,” Aart Mateboer said.


Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 43








2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2017 2017 2017 2017 Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr

UK Cattle Feed Production

262.1 265.9 326.8 303.3 324.4 359.0 300.6 300.4 334.7 283.4 283.5 349.1 342.7 312.5 381.7 330.9 366.5 354.8 316.8 311.7 361.1 299.7 292.0 364.4 307.3

























7.2 GB Prod (000 tonnes) 87.6 47.3 35.4 21.6 22.2 26.3 26.1 32.8 55.3 80.2 109.9 152.9 112.3 48.7 35.0 24.4 26.5 29.7 34.3 48.1 72.5 100.4 116.5 166.4 82.9

2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2017 2017 2017 2017 Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr NI Prod (000 tonnes)











UK Sheep Feed Production

GB Retail (000 tonnes)

71.0 59.7 65.5 65.0 59.5 64.9 69.1 61.6 67.2 63.5 56.7 64.7 65.8 55.3 57.7 63.7 58.6 64.9 65.5 64.8 73.0 59.8 61.1 76.8 64.6

2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2017 2017 2017 2017 Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr

18.3 14.9 14.7 16.2 14.8 15.8 18.8 16.4 17.4 18.3 16.2 15.8 17.1 15.7 15.5 18.7 16.7 17.0 18.1 18.1 21.2 18.0 17.8 20.1 18.0

2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2017 2017 2017 2017 Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr

GB Prod (000 tonnes) 146.3 147.2 163.2 150.9 146.8 176.9 160.9 153.3 176.7 148.3 144.4 166.3 157.2 142.1 158.1 138.5 143.8 157.6 144.5 150.2 168.2 142.6 135.2 164.2 136.3

NI Prod (000 tonnes)








UK Pig Feed Production

GB Integrators (000 tonnes) 196.8 200.3 242.0 195.4 167.2 202.6 163.7 164.3 197.4 156.5 156.6 199.5 197.1 161.9 202.5 164.8 163.7 206.7 167.7 167.3 206.0 160.8 160.7 206.4 163.9

NI Prod (000 tonnes)








UK Poultry Feed Production

GB Prod (000 tonnes) 330.3 293.1 312.6 289.5 282.9 342.0 338.0 336.7 414.7 331.9 337.8 391.0 333.2 272.5 285.5 263.1 283.4 334.7 330.9 352.1 422.7 357.8 345.6 420.1 318.3

NI Prod (000 tonnes) 113.3 86.8 79.8 84.4 71.3 77.2 96.8 95.6 108.8 110.6 101.4 108.3 108.5 76.2 69.2 83.5 69.5 80.6 95.6 103.4 126.7 112.7 109.8 127.8 102.0

'000 tonnes

'000 tonnes

'000 tonnes

'000 tonnes




















Poultry 264





































































































Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4 Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4 Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4 Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4 Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4 Qtr 1 Qtr 2 Qtr 3 Qtr 4 Qtr 1 2011 2011 2011 2011 2012 2012 2012 2012 2013 2013 2013 2013 2014 2014 2014 2014 2015 2015 2015 2015 2016 2016 2016 2016 2017










871.5 795.8 888.9 815.9 830.9 970.0 877.6 869.9 1,039 881.1 918.9 1,107 1,002 819.2 910.0 810.0 878.5 943.7 881.1 921.7 1,084 949.2 937.8 1,174 894.4



Raw Materials Usage by GB Compounders

GB Prod (000 tonnes)







GB Compound Feed Prices

218.2 171.3 168.9 172.5 152.4 165.2 192.9 182.6 204.6 207.0 190.7 207.3 207.5 156.4 150.3 173.5 152.9 170.6 188.7 197.0 234.3 205.1 204.6 246.3 198.3

GB Integrators (000 tonnes) 262.1 265.9 326.8 303.3 324.4 359.0 300.6 300.4 334.7 283.4 283.5 349.1 342.7 312.5 381.7 330.9 366.5 354.8 316.8 311.7 361.1 299.7 292.0 364.4 307.3

NI Prod (000 tonnes)

'000 tonnes (000 tonnes)


306.2 268.7


83.1 83.1


4.4 3.1


25.1 21.8


21.6 16.5


5.4 4.7


.9 .5


75.6 73.7


32.0 36.3


19.8 18.0

GB Horse (000 tonnes) 14.8 13.0 13.5 10.2 11.7 17.4 14.6 15.4 21.9 14.2 16.0 19.3 18.7 13.4 12.4 10.6 11.1 16.6 15.2 18.1 20.3 16.3 16.7 19.5 13.7

9.0 3.8

GB Other (000 tonnes) 30.4 29.3 37.4 40.4 42.9 48.5 37.6 31.2 36.7 23.1 27.3 28.9 38.3 30.0 37.4 42.3 47.2 50.2 39.5 41.5 39.8 32.4 31.7 40.2 36.0

2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2017 2017 2017 2017 Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr

58.1 41.8

NI Other (000 tonnes)


33.2 29.2

2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2017 2017 2017 2017 Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr

45.9 40.3



16.0 16.7




2.2 1.7



27.5 24.6



24.8 23.4



8.1 8.0



.0 0



41.1 40.1


(inc integrated poultry production in GB)

20.5 19.6

'000 tonnes


103.1 76.8


UK Total Feed Production

44.1 39.0

UK Other Feed Production

.9 0.9


Products Influencing Feed Characteristics Performance ,PSURYHG )&5 DQG FRVW UHGXFWLRQ Flexibility (IĂ€FDFLRXV DFURVV DOO GLHW W\SHV


A Round-up of Products Available in the Market Which Influence Feed Characteristics Including: (FRQDVH ÂŽ ;7 IURP $% 9LVWD WKH OHDGHUV LQ HQ]\PH LQQRYDWLRQ Mycotoxin Absorbents/Binders, Acidifiers, Preservatives, Acidity Regulators, Pellet Binders, Salmonella/Mould/Ammonia Control, Antioxidants etc.

Find out more: E: econasext@abvista.com T: +44 (0)1672 517664 W: abvista.com

AB Vista

quality and protects the nutritional value of feed. Maxi-Mil solution

Ultrasorb R, S & P

contains a surfactant to reduce surface tension, allowing water to

The presence of mycotoxins in straights,

bind to feed particles, helping maintain moisture levels and reduce

manufactured feeds and forages has

shrinkage during cooling.

the potential to seriously effect on-farm

Maxi-Mil is applied using robust, reliable application technology

production. Yet within much of the

specified and installed by a dedicated global engineering team at

industry the threat is still overlooked,

Anitox. Maxi-Mil is backed by the R&D, service and support of global

and the role of mycotoxins in reducing

pathogen control specialist Anitox. As well as improving mill efficiency,

performance, health and fertility across all species continues to go

the complex blend of organic acids, surfactants and natural terpenes in

largely unrecognised.

Maxi-Mil mould control products helps inhibit mould growth, resulting in

Ultrasorb R (Ruminants), S (Swine) & P (Poultry) are the only

increased shelf life and optimising product performance and value. The

specie-specific in-feed mycotoxin solutions on the market, their

on-going benefits of Maxi-Mil are constantly supported by the Anitox

formulation is designed to be most effective at the pH typically found

expert team of milling technologists.

in each gastric tract of each different species.

Maxi-Mil can save an average 100,000t feed mill

In ruminants Ultrasorb R is formulated to target the main mycotoxins

ÂŁ90,000/â‚Ź110,000*pa. To find out how Maxi-Mil can improve the

of concern in dairy cows, by ‘opening up’ DON for deactivation in the

efficiency of your mill and the quality of your pellets go to www.anitox.

rumen. In contrast, Ultrasorb S & P for pigs and poultry respectively,


are formulated to operate in the highly acidic conditions of the stomach

*Based on research by the International Research Institute of

and tackle the particular mycotoxin threat faced by each species. As a

Feed Technology (IFF) in Braunschweig, Germany. Publication by

result, Ultrasorb has not only superseded the basic clay mineral-based


mycotoxin binders of the past, but also the older-style de-activators

For further information: Maria Walker, Anitox

formulated to work across all livestock species.

+44 1604 811228


With a low cost and suitable for inclusion during feed manufacture, in blends or even supplied as part of a mineral and vitamin premix, Ultrasorb makes it possible for many more livestock herds and flocks to be routinely protected against mycotoxin ingestion. With the threat from mycotoxin contamination of feeds unlikely to reduce any time soon, the benefits of a species-solution, in terms of improved livestock health and performance, are likely to be substantial. www.abvista.com info@abvista.com

Tel: 02894 473478

Anpario Anpario is an international producer and distributor of high performance natural feed additives for animal health, hygiene and nutrition. Anpario supplies its customers with quality assured products


manufactured in the United Kingdom and has an established global

AnitoxŽ Maxi-MilŽ – Making

sales and distribution network in over 70 countries, which includes a

better quality feeds more

number of wholly owned subsidiaries in the key markets around the


world. Anpario’s expertise is focused on intestinal health and nutrition

Latest Maxi-Mil results in

and utilizing this understanding to improve animal performance and

all its large-scale European mill trials in the first six months of 2017

producer profitability.

show consistently improved efficiency. Results from Italy and Hungary

Anpario’s organic acid, phytogenic and mineral-based additives

in particular showed throughput improvements of up to 25% while

are proven to improve feed quality, intestinal and animal health and

maintaining or improving PDI.

thus performance. The portfolio is divided into four product categories:

The unique formula of Maxi-Mil reduces process loss and drives up throughput, in turn cutting energy costs. It also improves pellet

Page 46 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

Eubiotics, Feed Security, Feed Quality and Nutritional.  The Eubiotic category includes a range of products that utilize

forward thinking technologies that will naturally support and maintain

BASF plc

animal gut health. Eubiotics make use of such ingredients as unique

BASF Organic Acids

carrier based carboxylic acids and natural plant extracts. The Feed


Quality category ensures optimum feed quality performance and contains products such as Enzymes, Anti-Oxidants & Pellet Binders. Strategies to counteract internal and external factors of feed that impact animal performance, the Feed Security category contains products such as Mycotoxin Binders, Insect Control, Water Sanitation and Hygiene. Finally, the Nutritional category contains dietary supplements formulated to support healthy animals and includes the Omega Fatty Acids range. For more information, please contact sales@anpario.com



production, the combination of organic acids and thermal feed treatment (pelleting, expanding etc), has proved successful in controlling salmonella and other pathogenic micro-organisms present in raw materials. Organic acids also ensure feed preservation (incl mould control), and provide protection from reinfection with Salmonella. BASF Organic Acids provide effective solutions for compound feed hygiene and preservation requirements. BASF produce Formic & Proprionic Acid. We offer these as single

AZELIS UK Ltd We offer a growing range of cost effective organic acid combinations and mycotoxin binders, expertly formulated to deliver highly effective solutions for influencing quality of feed and livestock health. Daamould® - prevents the growth of moulds in raw materials and processed feed. It also reduces the amount of free water by binding it, making the moisture inaccessible for moulds. Long term activity ensured even after heating. Dosage level per tonne is in the range of 0.5-4kg depending on moisture content. Daasal® - controls Entero bacteria in raw materials and processed feed for pigs and poultry. Very effective at both lowering the pH

acids and as blends formulated to ensure cost effective Salmonella protection and feed preservation. The full BASF organic acid range is available in both pure acid and buffered form. BASF Organic Acid Portfolio Pure Acid

Buffered Acid

Amasil 85

Amasil NA


Lupro-Cid NA


Lupro-Mix NA



Further support for customers is offered by BASF field engineers, who can provide installation, calibration & servicing expertise for mill application systems.

level and attacking gram-negative bacteria such as Salmonella in raw

Novasil Plus

material and processed feeds. Long term activity is ensured even after

Of the known mycotoxins, for dairy cattle, aflatoxin B1 is particularly

heating and is therefore suited to addition during the feed production

relevant, as it passes to the cow’s milk in its modified form, aflatoxin M1.

process. Dosage level per tonne is in the range of 1-3kg for finished feed and 1-4kg for raw materials.

Both these aflatoxins are carcinogenic. In the EU there are therefore, maximum limits for these aflatoxins in feed and milk.

Daacid® - a safe, non-corrosive acidifier that can be used in feed

An aflatoxin binder such as Novasil Plus can greatly reduce the

for piglets to support digestion. Reduces the buffer capacity of the

absorption of aflatoxin B1. Novasil Plus is an indigestible calcium

feed, thus maintains its acidifying abilities in the stomach. This supports

bentonite clay that has excellent binding properties. Compared to

an increased availability of digestive enzymes, improves digestion of

other types of aflatoxin binder, the binding activity of Novasil Plus is

nutrients and hence less substrate for pathogenic bacteria growth like Salmonella and E.coli. Dosage levels per tonne of feed is in the range of 1-5kg depending on growth stage and whether liquid or dry dosage.

very reliable and independent of the pH value in the digestive tract, with the added advantage that it does not bind valuable nutrients, thus preserving the nutritional value of the feed.

andSORB – Range of Mycotoxin binders to reduce the negative effects

BASF plc,

of Mycotoxins in feed. Azelis offer a range of Mycotoxin binders for

PO Box 4,

different species.

Earl Road,

Contact us to find out more about these products and our growing

Cheadle Hulme,

range of acids and mycotoxin binders.


Contact: Ruth Carter

Cheshire SK8 6QG

Tel: 01928 793084

Tel : 01772 603119

E-mail: nutrition@azelis.co.uk

e-mail : brian.pope@basf.com


web : www.animal-nutrition.basf.com

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 47

DSM Nutritional Products (UK) Ltd VevoVitall

Kaesler Nutrition GmbH


Tasty feed ensures constant feed intake

The powerful antimicrobial

Piglets experience a lot of stress in the time around weaning. The


effects of VevoVitall can

loss of the familiar environment, the change from milk to solid feed

help to improve feed quality

and a new group situation are inevitable. It is important to keep this

leading to improved intakes and superior performance. Lowering the pathogenic bacteria loading in the animal will increase the amount of nutrients available for growth and performance as well as reducing the incidence of digestive upsets and the need for medication.

stress to a minimum in order to avoid adverse effects upon further development. Using flavours can be helpful in this case as they ensure a high degree of palatability of the feed and stimulate feed intake.


VevoVitall is the active form of sodium benzoate, a widely used preservative in human food applications. It acts to regulate the growth of yeast and bacteria by effectively reducing pH in the gastro-intestinal tract and cytoplasm of pathogenic micro-organisms. This results in death of the micro-organism due to disruption in their internal metabolism and external environment. Trials comparing the antimicrobial activities of organic acids on Escherichia coli show how effective benzoic acid is at regulating intestinal microflora.

% of Escherichia coli 0.96 growth



80 Formic ac 60

Malic ac Lactic ac Phosphoric ac Citric ac


Fumaric ac

The right flavour for all ages Studies have shown that adding the same flavour to the feed pre- and post-weaning shortens the time before the piglets start eating the new feed. A further advantage in the

20 Benzoic ac Sorbic ac

0 0








Time (min)

administration of the same flavour before and after weaning is that the piglets suffer less stress on the day of weaning (Oostindjer, M. et al. (2011)).

Pig producers face many challenges in producing the optimal

Piglets react more sensitively to differences in feed than older

finished pig efficiently whilst meeting the ever increasing regulatory

pigs, meaning that feed quality and taste are of particular importance

and environmental demands placed upon them. These factors, together

during this stage of life. They prefer sweet and milky flavours that

with the pressure to reduce the use of medicinal products, has led to

remind them of mother’s milk.

the increased use of alternative products to improve or maintain feed quality. The most important factor when choosing an alternative is that it has proven effects and is able to deliver consistent cost effective benefit. Pressure to reduce copper levels in feed for piglets up to 12 weeks is a major issue. Trials have shown that Vevovitall is capable of significantly improving growth rates, feed intake and feed conversion in reduced copper diets.

However, with increasing age, the flavour preferences change. The preference for sweetness decreases and shifts to fruity flavours, corresponding to those they would find in nature. The older the animals get, the more they prefer spicy flavours. Cuxarom offers a wide range of specific flavour blends that cater for pigs of every age group and ensure a constant feed intake. www.kaesler.de/en/category/flavors/


VevoVitall contains 99.9% technically pure benzoic acid and is authorised as a zootechnical feed additive for pigs from weaning


to slaughter. This authorisation proves the

Due to their negative impact on health and food safety, pathogenic

efficacy and safety of the product and provides

bacteria such as salmonella pose one of the most significant biological

confidence that the user can expect a consistent

hazards in the production of animal feed and raw materials. The

cost effective benefit.

hardy nature and ubiquitous presence of Salmonella means that it is

DSM Nutritional Products (UK) Ltd Tel: 01773 536500

E-mail: Heanor.anh-enquiries@dsm.com


Page 48 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

a constant threat when preventing contamination and recontamination in animal feed. The bacteria can also produce disease and are liable

to cause infection if not controlled correctly. While utilising a heating process as a kill step is efficient at decontamination it does not prevent recontamination. Upon leaving the heat treatment process material begins to cool down and immediately


becomes vulnerable to recontamination further in the production ™

process. This recontamination can occur at any point from the feed mill to farm despite disinfection and cleaning practices that are put in place.

For years, animal havenew trusted KemzymeSalCurb to maximize To solves thisnutritionists issue; Kemin’s antimicrobial Ba the digestion of a wide variety of substrates. That’siseven more critical today when high and volatile feed costs make flexibility critical to maintaining a Liquid a powerful antimicrobial-preservative designed to prevent

APPROVED ZOOTECHNICAL To learn more about our complete solutions for complex substrates, contact your local sales representative or visit www.kemin.com. ADDITIVE, d/s >z dd Z൶͊

cost-effectiveand feed formulation. When youfeed useand Kemzyme, you know you have chosen a complete solution for contamination recontamination in animal raw materials. SalCurb Liquid is athat synergistic blend preservatives, surfactants complexBasubstrates ensures costofand performance fit together. and corrosion inhibitors that have a broad spectrum of activity and high efficacy in the treatment of pathogenic bacteria.

SalCurb Ba Liquid can be applied as a straight product or it can be

diluted into water to create a solution. The surfactant based technology

within the product breaks down the surface area of liquids allowing the

organic acids to distribute freely throughout the feed material, ensuring a homogenous spread of SalCurb Ba Liquid to maximise efficacy.

For more information contact Anthony.hollett@kemin.com

© Kemin Industries, Inc. and its group of companies 2012. All rights reserved. ® ™ Trademarks of Kemin Industries, Inc., U.S.A.

emzyme_2013_Feed compounder.indd 1

08/04/13 15:55

NUTRIAD Global climate change could drive increase mycotoxin challenges Global warming is the term used to describe a gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere and its oceans, a change that is believed to have a permanent impact on the climate. It is believed that the average temperature on Earth has risen between 0.4 and 0.8 °C over the past 100 years. Favourable temperature and water activity are crucial for mycotoxigenic fungi and mycotoxin production. Fungi produce many mycotoxins in feed grains and their products. Mycotoxins are a group of highly toxic secondary metabolites of



the fungi produced under certain environmental conditions like floods or drought. The diseases or physiological abnormalities resulting, due to ingestion of mycotoxins, are known as “mycotoxicosis”. Nevertheless, mycotoxins can be neutralized by mycotoxin deactivators. These products are mixed into finished feeds and work strictly in vivo which means they will not counteract nor mask mycotoxin in stored feed or

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 49

raw ingredients. These products deactivate the toxins directly in the

Trouw Nutrition GB

gastrointestinal tract of animals, based either on adsorption of those mycotoxins with suitably located polar functional groups, or biological degradation (bio-inactivation). UNIKE ® and TOXY-NIL ® product ranges produced and distributed by NUTRIAD, offer feed additives that protect animals from mycotoxicoses by adsorption, bio-inactivation, organ, immune

Quality, characteristics and nutritional value of manufactured feed are

and antioxidant system support and represent an optimal solution for

vulnerable. At Trouw Nutrition GB we provide effective solutions for

mycotoxin management for farm animals. It is highly recommended to

many problems which can lead to degradation of feed quality. Our

apply an effective mycotoxin deactivator which offers an opportunity

product range, which is supported by a team of dedicated technical

to significantly improve animal health, performance, productivity and

and sales specialists, includes the following:

profit that can be impaired by mycotoxins. Depending on the target performance, different mycotoxins will have different effects on the productivity. Therefore, using different products for different animal groups becomes a rational trend. Find out more at www.nutriad.com

THE FYLAX PORTFOLIO: contains organic acids which effectively eliminate moulds, maintain nutrient value and prolong the shelf life of feed and raw materials. Surfactants within Fylax allow for improved moisture optimisation and feed mill efficiency. There are a wide range of products within the mould control portfolio, most of which are non-corrosive buffered suitable for both raw materials and compound feed.

Orffa AmmoMIN to reduce footpad lesions and improve performance of broilers Orffa develops, customizes, sources and offers feed additives and feed additive concepts for the animal nutrition market. The unique combination of our brands Top Select and our speciality range Excentials, as well as the branded ingredient portfolio Elovitals, allows Orffa to create, select and deliver feed additive solutions to fit the customer’s individual requirements. One of the examples of the products in the Orffa Top Select range is AmmoMIN. This Clinoptilolite clay is used in broiler feeds to reduce footpad lesions. Footpad lesions are caused by wet litter and they reduce mobility of the birds, thereby affecting performance. Clinoptilolite reduces footpad lesions by binding water. This increases dry matter content of the faeces and in that way reduces wet litter. Next to this, clinoptilolite also binds surplus

THE FYSAL PORTFOLIO: contains organic acids and effectively targets enterobacteria, such as Salmonella, in raw materials and compound feed, helping to maintain hygienic conditions in feed mill production systems and farms. Fysal can be used to help with biosecurity as part of a feed safety programme. THE TOXO PORTFOLIO: these mycotoxin binders are composed of a smectite clay binder and inactive yeast cell wall components. The portfolio of products has a varying scope of action for both ruminant and monogastric species. SELKO BE+: aims to preserve and maintain the nutritional value of liquid feed. Both co-products and complete liquid feed can contain high numbers of microorganisms which can have a negative effect on animal performance. The mixture of organic acids and surfactants in Selko BE+ are formulated to control yeasts, moulds and enterobacteria. This provides optimal feed hygiene, not only extending shelf life but also preserving nutritional values and improving digestion and intestinal health.

ammonia in the gastro intestinal

PRESAN: the range contains Presan FX for pigs and Presan FY for

tract. This relieves the burden on the liver regarding detoxification of

poultry. Presan contains a blend of phenolic compounds, slow release

the ammonia. In trials with broilers, the positive effects of clinoptilolites

C12, butyrates, MCFA’s and organic acids which aim to stabilise gut

on better litter quality and fewer problems with footpad lesions are

microbiota and boost gut barrier function. This integrated approach

shown. In a practical trial, AmmoMIN (clinoptilolite of sedimentary

is designed to improve animal performance and maintain the health

origin) was dosed on top of a commercial diet to reduce problems with

status of animals.

wet litter and the risk for footpad lesions. The use of AmmoMIN and

For more information, please contact the Feed Additives Team at

the energy and nutrient dilution of the feed resulted in similar growth


parameters to the control group. Significantly fewer footpad lesions

Tim Carter, Feed Additives Manager, Trouw Nutrition GB

were observed by the supplementation of AmmoMIN.

Tel: 01335 341189 / 07831 166941

Engineering feed solutions – done by dedicated experts


Find your Orffa specialist at www.orffa.com


Page 50 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

CALCIUM RESEARCH COULD TR A N S F ORM THE NEXT GENER A TION O F F EED FORMULATION ENERGY SAVING SCHEME FUNDS LIFE SAVING AIR AMBULANCE SERVICE I’Anson is replacing its old style conventional lighting with state of the art LEDs, and will fund a donation to The Yorkshire Air Ambulance from the savings made. The changes have been implemented in the firm’s mill at Masham, North Yorkshire. The new £35,000 lighting system will see 320 modern LED bulbs replace over 800 conventional fluorescent fittings in a move which will reduce CO2 emissions while also saving both energy and money. In total, the company has pledged to donate £60,000 over three years to the air ambulance charity, to support its vital, lifesaving work throughout the county. Calculations performed by the installer have shown that the older lighting system used 260,000 Kilowatt hours (kWh) per annum, while the new system will only use 80,000 kWh a year – a saving of 70 per cent. The 180,000 kWh saving is equivalent to around £20,000 in energy costs. The reduction in energy usage will reduce the company’s carbon footprint by 98.5 tonnes. The new lighting system will also lead to greatly reduced physical waste, as the average LED light has a lifespan of 50,000 hours, compared to the 8,000 hours offered by fluorescent bulbs. Along with supporting general running costs, some of the donation will go towards the provision of night vision goggles for air ambulance pilots, allowing the helicopter to safely operate in hours of darkness.

Evonik and DSM select manufacturing site for new omega-3 fatty acids production Evonik and Royal DSM will locate the commercial-scale production facility for their omega-3 fatty acids from natural marine algae for animal nutrition in Blair, Nebraska. DSM Nutritional Products and Evonik Nutrition & Care plan to invest around US$ 200 million in the facility (US$ 100 million by each party over circa 2 years). The initial annual production capacity will meet roughly 15% of the current total annual demand for EPA and DHA by the salmon aquaculture industry. The facility is expected to come on stream in 2019. The establishment of the joint venture, to be named Veramaris® and headquartered in The Netherlands, will be finalized subject to regulatory approvals.

A research project is spearheading advances in precision calcium (Ca) nutrition, paving the way for improvements in feed formulation that could result in optimised animal performance, feed efficiency – and ultimately profits – across the swine feed industry. The project, underway at the University of Illinois and funded by AB Vista, aims to develop the foundation of a working digestible Ca system for use in commercial pig diet formulations. As the project reaches its six-year mark, Dr Carrie Walk, one of AB Vista’s Senior Research Managers, explains that the research taps into an important, yet significantly under-resourced, area: “The contribution of Ca from dietary ingredients other than limestone or phosphate sources is often overlooked when considering feed formulation. Due to its low cost and abundant supply, Ca in the form of Ca carbonate or limestone is often added to as a flow agent, diluent or carrier in numerous feed ingredients. If the addition of Ca from these ingredients is not accounted for in the formulation, analytical Ca in the final diets can be as high as 20% more than expected. Unlike for phosphorus, there is currently no system to enable accurate formulation for digestible or available calcium. And, with Ca being such an important nutrient for growth and skeletal development, pig nutritionists are appropriately cautious when formulating Ca into their diets in order to avoid deficiency. “However, due to unaccounted-for Ca in the ingredients, there could be an excess of Ca in the diet and this can increase gastric pH and reduce digestibility of more expensive nutrients such as protein and phosphorus, negatively impacting on growth performance and feed efficiency.” The research project, led by the university’s Professor of Animal Science Hans H. Stein, initially aimed to generate standardised total tract digestibility (STTD) values for Ca across a range of common feed ingredients, to improve precision feeding in growing pigs. “The end goal is to establish the requirement for digestible Ca for all groups of pigs. We would then be able to formulate diets based on the requirement for digestible phosphorus and digestible Ca. Ultimately, this would enable more precise feed formulation and nutrient supply, resulting in improved phosphorus, amino acid and Ca digestibility – which would positively influence growth performance, skeletal integrity and feed efficiency.” Trials in the initial phase indicated there are endogenous losses of Ca and Professor Stein explains that these endogenous losses must be taken into account by using STTD values, to avoid under-estimation of the STTD

of Ca in ingredients and allow formulation of mixed diets. Explaining the relevance of phytase use within the trials, he added: “The studies have determined digestibility values both with and without the addition of a phytase and in most ingredients, especially those containing phytate, the STTD of Ca is increased in diets containing microbial phytase – and so it is important that this effect is taken into account when formulating feed.”

Agribusiness 2018 ‘Taking a lead in Agri-Food Policy post Brexit’ This year, Agribusiness, the annual event for the UK agrisupply industry, takes the theme of ‘Taking a lead in Agri-Food Policy post Brexit’ with a strong line-up of speakers to lead the Brexit discussion in the area of agribusiness, agriculture and food. The event takes place at the East of England Showground on 8 November 2017. With UK:EU negotiations due in earnest this month AIC has drawn up an agenda that captures some of the lead Brexit speakers. There are many aspects to Brexit negotiations. Some of the most important ones that will impact food and agriculture are trade, policy, research and labour. Keynote speakers include: Ian Wright, Director General of the Food and Drink Federation has led the discussions on the importance of UK food manufacturing and production both at a UK and EU level. Meurig Raymond, NFU President will present the view of NFU members as agriculture has the most to gain or lose from Brexit negotiations. David Caffall, Chief Executive AIC will represent the agrisupply industry and outline the work of the Agri-Brexit Coalition. Trade is vital to both agriculture and food as Allie Renison, Head of Europe & Trade Policy Institute of Directors will explain. Dr Andy Cureton will represent the British Biotechnology Science Research Council and will discuss the impact on Brexit on innovation and research funding. Labour requirements both within agriculture and the food industry and huge and the impact of Brexit on this area with be covered by David Camp, Chief Executive Association of Labour Providers. Agribusiness 2018 will be chaired by Anna Hill, a regular BBC presenter on food and farming matters. In the light of the recent Cabinet reshuffle, an invitation to speak has also been extended to incoming Defra Secretary of State, Michael Gove. Commenting on Agribusiness 2018, John Kelley, Chief Operating Officer, AIC said “Once again this year’s Agribusiness is the most important conference that is dedicated to the agrisupply and allied industries and it vital to attend to hear the leading UK speakers as well as networking with keys movers and shakers within the industry.”

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 51

REGULAR CEREAL ANALYSIS WILL EN S URE OPTIMUM PERFORMANCE Accounting for variation in cereal quality by failing to formulate diets on the actual quality of cereals being used, and taking into account variation, for example, between loads can have significant impacts on performance and feed costs in all classes of livestock according to Trouw Nutrition GB, who provide routine testing of cereals for feed manufacturers and farmers through their innovative CerealWatch service. “To ensure feed formulation is as precise as possible to maximise both animal and economic performance, it is important to monitor grain quality routinely,” comments Monogastric Technical Support Manager Alice Hibbert. “This is particularly important as new crop cereals start to be incorporated into diets.” The Trouw Nutrition GB CerealWatch grain monitoring service evaluates the nutritional value of grain quality. Analysis is carried out in the company’s Derbyshire laboratory and using methodology from the Trouw Nutrition Feed ingredient Research and Development laboratory in the Netherlands, a comprehensive nutritional profile of the grain sample is provided. This includes predictions for energy for pigs, poultry and ruminants, and digestible amino acids for pigs and poultry. “Formulating with an inaccurate nutrient profile of cereals, even by a small margin, can have a significant economic impact for both feed and livestock producers,” Ms Hibbert continues. “For example, if you overestimate energy content then there is a risk that energy may be undersupplied by the diet. Underestimation could result in higher feed costs as more energy may be provided than is required. Therefore, routine analysis is recommended to ensure nutritional values are as current and as accurate as possible.” She says in 2016, new crop cereal energy values (Pig NE, Ruminant ME and Poultry AMEn) varied by 16% in wheat, and 22% in barley on average while Lysine content varied by 60% in wheat and 41% in barley respectively, which was only revealed after analysis of cereals was carried out. In addition to the suite of nutrients reported in the 2016 CerealWatch package, Trouw Nutrition has added mycotoxin analysis for Zearalenone (ZEA), Deoxynivalenol (DON) and T2 and HT-2. CerealWatch 2017 will be providing cumulative average mycotoxin values for new crop wheat and barley giving an early indication of new crop field borne mycotoxin presence. While in excess of 200 mycotoxins

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are known to exist, the four selected for analysis in the CerealWatch survey provide an indication of field borne toxin production by the Fusarium species of fungi. These toxins are known to have impacts on livestock performance. Risk varies with variety, region, preceding crop, cultivation, and rainfall at the flowering and pre-harvest stages. Analysis for mycotoxins provides a valuable understanding of the extent of contamination, allowing decisions to be made on risk mitigation. In addition to providing a detailed nutrient profile for each sample received, CerealWatch generates a large dataset of cereal quality data allowing further evaluation of regional and national trends in grain quality. To further information, contact Alice Hibbert, at alice.hibbert@trouwnutrition.com

RE S ILIENCE O F LIVE S TOC K FARMERS A KEY FOCUS OF FUTURE CAP On 8-9 June 2017, the XXVIII FEFAC Congress took place in Cordoba, Spain, and was attended by approximately 320 delegates. European Commissioner for Agriculture & Rural Development, Mr Phil Hogan, gave the keynote speech on his vision on how to keep the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) fit for the challenges of the 21st Century through a process of simplification and modernisation. On key priorities he stated: “We must foster a smart and resilient agricultural sector by supporting viable farm incomes, increasing competitiveness and encouraging greater use of risk management tools while improving farmers’ position in the food chain. We need to enhance environmental sustainability and climate resilience”. Quoting the FEFAC Vision 2030 paper, Hogan highlighted the importance of upholding consistency at EU level between the legal frameworks dealing with CAP, climate change and the circular economy, which would allow for the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the objectives of the CAP to be achieved in conjunction. In a panel debate with newly elected FEFAC President Nick Major, Hogan announced his intention to “bring forward work on a European Protein Strategy” as part of future CAP reform. Major called for creating a win-win scenario for the EU feed and livestock sector as laid down in the FEFAC position on the CAP post 2020. Copa-Cogeca Secretary General Pekka Pesonen stressed the need for the EU feed and food chain to promote EU produced food both on global and internal markets. EDA (European Dairy Association) President Michel Nalet recognised the strategic importance of protein feed supplies to dairy farmers. Fernando Antunez, President of the Spanish Feed Industry Federation (CESFAC) called for greater investment in research and innovation in animal nutrition precision feeding.

The Spanish Minister for Agriculture, Mrs Isabel Garcia Tejerina, and the Portuguese Secretary of State for Agriculture & Food, Mr Luís Medeiros Vieira, both stressed the supporting role of the feed industry to increase circular economies at livestock farms. The Congress also included sessions on the contribution of animal nutrition science in the fight against AMR, the use of social media to improve the image of the livestock sector, the role of compound feed production as drivers of resource efficiency in the food chain and the work progress being made on the sourcing of sustainable raw materials.

A IC w e l c o m e s ‘ e a r n e d recognition’ changes in Northern Ireland Feed businesses in Northern Ireland who participate in and comply with the feed assurance schemes – FEMAS, TASCC and UFAS – can look forward to fewer inspections and less sampling as the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs implements the concept of ‘Earned Recognition’. The Department is implementing revisions to the Feed Enforcement Guidance, published by the Food Standards Agency which brings Northern Ireland guidance into line with the Code of Practice operating in England and Wales. This will include a modified risk assessment scheme, with a greater weighting toward membership of voluntary quality assurance schemes, as part of an earned recognition scheme. “This is welcome news and means feed businesses in Northern Ireland can enjoy the benefits of earned recognition,” said John Kelley, Managing Director of AIC Services which operates the AIC assurance schemes. Feed business operators are legally responsible for compliance with feed safety legislation and DAERA has officially recognised that the trade takes these responsibilities very seriously and often exceed the legal requirements. Those businesses which participate and comply with the relevant assurance schemes will be deemed a lower risk by the regulators. DAERA has also declared its ongoing commitment to working with the Food Fortress network in Northern Ireland and has already modified its feed sampling programmes to reflect the information being shared. The reputation of the feed industry is enhanced where best practice can be demonstrated through compliance with robust schemes. The recognition of this principle means that compliant businesses will receive fewer official interventions. This represents a significant benefit in both cost and time savings without compromising the safety and integrity of the feed and food chains that supply the consumer.”

Disrupt or be disrupted in an exponential world Breakthrough technologies discussed at ONE: The Alltech Ideas Conference

Dr. Pearse Lyons, founder and president and Dr Mark Lyons, global vice president of Alltech, share key elements for success in a disruptive marketplace during ONE17, which attracted approximately 4,000 attendees from nearly 80 countries to its three-day conference in Lexington, Kentucky.

During ONE: The Alltech Ideas Conference (ONE17), 70 speakers, including the brightest international minds in science, agriculture, technology and business, highlighted technologies that have the potential to revolutionize agriculture and make the next big leap in productivity possible. Across all agricultural sectors, digital technologies and applications are emerging that are disrupting production systems and supply chains, creating radically different business models and enabling farmers and agribusiness to work with levels of precision and insight that were previously unimaginable. “Technology will change beyond belief,” said Dr. Pearse Lyons, founder and president of Alltech. “Things are changing at a rapid pace, and companies need to start thinking like startups: go and grow fast.” Sharing his perspective from more than 36 years in business, Dr. Lyons listed his five key elements for success in this ever-changing marketplace: 1. Speed 2. Leadership 3. Culture 4. Training 5. A unique dynamic of “fun” “We’re in the midst of an agri revolution — it’s happening right here, right now, and it’s exciting,” said Robert Walker, CEO of KEENAN, who addressed attendees on disruptive and data-driven technologies. During his talk, Walker highlighted how KEENAN, an agriculture manufacturing specialist, partners with technology companies such as Vodafone and Intel to provide farmers with instant information on their herds’ feed ration through cloud computing. Peter Diamandis, founder of the XPRIZE Foundation and co-founder of Singularity University, addressed attendees on disruptive innovations, highlighting that the only constant is change, and the rate of change is increasing. “To stay ahead in any industry, companies and entrepreneurs must think in an exponential way, as it’s exponential technology that will transform every industry,” he said. Diamandis was awarded the Alltech Humanitarian Award, which is bestowed annually to someone of strong character who uses their accomplishments to positively influence and inspire other people. The three-day conference also heard from George Blankenship, former executive at Tesla Motors, Apple Computer and GAP Inc., Lisa Bodell, founder and CEO of futurethink, Jack Bobo, senior vice president and chief communications officer at Intrexon, and many more. The program was closed by global phenomenon Riverdance, which performed traditional Irish dance on the main stage in Rupp Arena. ONE17 attracted approximately 4,000 attendees from nearly 80 countries across the globe. The conference will return to Lexington, Kentucky, USA, May 20–23, 2018. Visit one.alltech.com for highlights from the event. Presentations are available Alltech Idea Lab – ideas.alltech.com

FEFAC CALLS FOR BALANCED APPROACH ON BIOFUELS FEFAC has published its position in the light of the publication of the revised Renewable Energy Directive in November 2016. For FEFAC, consistency among EU policies influencing the protein supply and the strict implementation of waste hierarchy principles are main points of concern. The EU biofuel production from agricultural raw materials generates significant quantities of protein-rich co-products that are used in animal nutrition, softening the EU protein deficit. FEFAC considers that the capping of the contribution of crop-based biofuels to the renewable energy targets should remain in place as an effective instrument to mitigate the potential adverse effects of 1st generation biofuels linked to competition for land and water use while maintaining the availability of protein-rich co-products. Dual use crops such as rapeseed meal make a more positive contribution by providing protein-rich feed materials with a broad amino acid profile. The impact of future adaptations of biofuel-related EU policies on the EU protein supply should be assessed and monitored comprehensively, covering availability of EU protein sources, by using the recently published EU protein balance sheet at the upcoming EU market observatory on cereals and oilseeds. On “advanced” or “2 nd generation” biofuels, FEFAC is concerned with the listing of feedstocks that are suitable for feed and food use (such as molasses). The proposed blending obligation would provide a subsidized incentive distorting agricultural markets, while going against the principles of the waste hierarchy which prioritizes feed and food use over energy use.

new UFAS Certification Body The AIC has appointed Acoura, part of the Lloyd’s Register group, to certify and audit UFAS from 1 September 2017.following a lengthy tender process run by AIC in conjunction with the UFAS Review Group. John Kelley: Managing Director of AIC Services said: “The focus of UFAS is feed safety, and making the compliance process user friendly and intuitive is a key part of this. We believe Acoura will bring a new set of skills to help develop UFAS further for the benefit of participants and stakeholders alike.” One area highlighted for further development is the launch of web-based portals which allow participants to view their current UFAS documentation and upload documents as required. This will allow a more forensic approach to auditing and be more effective for all parties. AIC fully appreciates that IT is developing at a pace and its schemes need to harness innovation.

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 53

International Cooperation for Convergence of Technical Requirements f o r t h e A ss e ss m e n t o f F e e d I n g r e d i e n t s ( ICC F ) Launched Regulatory authorities and feed and feed ingredient associations from Canada, the European Union and the United States met in Brussels in May to launch the International Cooperation for Convergence of Technical Requirements for the Assessment of Feed Ingredients (ICCF). This important international cooperation aims to develop and establish common guidance that covers technical requirements for the assessment of new feed ingredients, including new uses of existing feed ingredients. Founding ICCF members include the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), the European Commission (DG SANTE), the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), as well as the American Feed Industry Association (AFIA), the Animal Nutrition Association of Canada (ANAC), the EU Association of Specialty Feed Ingredients and their Mixtures (FEFANA) and the International Feed Industry Federation (IFIF). ICCF Chair Melissa Dumont highlighted the importance of this initiative, saying: “The ICCF is the result of a concerted effort to bring together feed regulators and industry feed associations to work together to develop common guidance documents for technical requirements needed in the assessment of feed ingredients. This will benefit not only the three regions covered, as the guidance documents will be made available for reference and use by other jurisdictions around the globe.” Dumont added, “This initiative will also help to facilitate free and fair trade of feed ingredients as well as support the feed and food chain as it works to safely and sustainably meet the global growing demand for animal protein.” The ICCF Steering Committee, made up of representatives from the founding members of the ICCF, is responsible for defining the priorities and activities of the project and will establish the first Expert Working Groups, which will be tasked with developing specific technical guidance documents. As this initiative develops, observer countries will be invited to join the expert groups and may be invited as non-voting members to the ICCF Steering Committee on an ad-hoc basis. The ICCF builds on the work of the IFIF “Comparison of Regulatory Management of Authorized Ingredients, Approval Processes, and Risk-Assessment Procedures for Feed Ingredients” report which covered synergies

Page 54 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

and gaps for product approvals in Brazil, Canada, China, EU, Japan, South Africa and USA. This report was drafted based on expert input and supported by government feed regulators and feed and feed ingredients associations in the seven regions covered. For further information about the ICCF please contact the ICCF Secretariat at info@ifif.org

taking the hard work out of ingredient additions. Game Engineering has delivered a further micro-ingredient weighments system to a pet-foods manufacturer who is already seeing considerable improvements in product consistency. The first Micro-Ingredient Weighments system was originally designed in-house as part of a much larger project for a major animal feeds manufacturer. The key requirement was the need to remove the time consuming hand-weighing element of the production while, at the same time, speeding up the delivery of ingredients and improving accuracy. This was over ten years ago and, with normal routine maintenance the system is still working perfectly well.

Since that first installation Game Engineering has delivered and installed a number of Micro-Ingredient Weighments systems and because these are machines that are manufactured to order, each one has been tailored to the customers’ specific requirement. The system consists of between six and ten mezzanine mounted ingredient bins. The bins can vary in capacity depending on the ingredient, however two bins with a capacity of 1,000kg and the remaining at 250/300kg is a configuration that customers seem to prefer. The contents of each bin are automatically discharged into the weigher until the correct weight is reached and then transferred down into a central weigh hopper which is mounted on load-cells. Once all the bins are discharged and the contents of the weigh hopper pneumatically conveyed onwards, the entire process is repeated automatically. A bucket filter fitted with a reverse jet minimises any dust during the filling process. The real benefit of the Micro-Ingredient Weighments system is its repeatability and complete control of ingredient delivery.

Publication of the third update of the EU catalogue of feed materials On behalf of 42 EU Associations of the EU feed chain, including suppliers of feed materials, traders, specialty feed & compound feed manufacturers and farmers, CEFS, Copa-Cogeca and FEFAC draw the attention of feed operators worldwide to the publication in the Official Journal of the EU of the third update of the EU Catalogue of feed materials (Regulation (EU) 2017/1017). In accordance with Regulation (EC) No 767/2009 on the placing on the market and use of feed, this third update was initiated by EU organizations of the feed chain, whose proposal was endorsed to a large extent by the EU and Member States authorities. Next to the introduction of 35 new entries, the denomination and description of a large number of entries have been improved. This concerns in particular i) the insertion, in the description of many oilseed meal feed from integrated crushing and refining plants, of a reference to the possible presence of soap stocks and ii) the revision of the descriptions of feed materials from land animal origin to include processed proteins and fats from insects. The general provisions (PART A) about the proper handling of fermented products with possible presence of microorganisms and the listing of chapter 12 (feed materials produced by fermentation) have also undergone an in-depth review, with additional clarification provided as regards the presence of micro-organisms. Feed business operators should adapt their labels to new labelling requirements before 11 January 2018.

BETA NOPS feed assurance scheme truly international The BETA NOPS feed assurance scheme, introduced to reduce the risk of naturally occurring prohibited substances in equine feed, has welcomed its first member from continental Europe. Hepromij, a family-run Dutch firm, has been audited to the code for its range of special feeds manufactured for the equine market under private label. BETA executive director Claire Williams added: “With the acceptance of Hepromij into the scheme, an Australian company in the midst of the auditing process, members in the UK and Ireland – and a great deal of interest from other overseas companies – the BETA NOPS scheme has now become truly international. Belonging to the BETA NOPS feed assurance scheme shows that a company has followed industry best-practice procedures, manufacturing in dedicated, non-medicated production lines in order to reduce the risk of cross-contamination. All members are checked on an annual basis to ensure that they continue to meet the scheme’s stringent requirements.

Overcome the new crop challenge with a hard working xylanase For many, harvest may well be a time for reaping the rewards of a hard year’s work, but for nutritionists and producers the approach of the new crop harvest can pose a real challenge. Incorporating new crops can negatively impact performance, affecting feed conversion and other production indicators. By taking into account nutrient content variation and using a hard-working xylanase, such as Econase XT, to deal with any viscosity issues, producers can ensure that performance and profitability remain on track. Variation in the viscosity and moisture content of new cereals can cause issues in digestibility, and can negatively impact gain, feed conversion and health, in both swine and poultry – which means this time of year can be difficult for nutritionists and producers across Europe. However, it is well established and known in the industry that the use of a xylanase enzyme can give nutritionists confidence that they are avoiding any potential negative impact from new cereal variation. Nutritionists are advised to employ a hard-working xylanase to break down NSPs, thereby reducing anti-nutritive effects, lowering digesta viscosity and positively impacting gut health. By selecting a xylanase, you can target the breakdown of arabinoxylans – the main component of NSPS – into xylo-oligomers, which can have a prebiotic effect in the lower gastrointestinal tract. AB Vista EMEA technical director, Dr Rob Ten Doeschate, says if possible, nutritionists should start using the newly harvested cereal by dosing it together with old cereal from the previous harvest in a 50:50 ratio, although often the market conditions don’t allow this to happen. In some countries it is normal to use new crop cereals straight after harvest together with NSP enzymes. In Europe, the harvest period has already started or is about to start in most countries. Typically barley is the first cereal to be harvested, quickly followed by wheat, whilst maize harvest is much later. Depending on market conditions it may be advantageous to maximise the use of new crop cereals as soon as possible after harvest. Use of a NSP enzyme that effectively reduces viscosity enables the use of viscous cereals like wheat and barley. Econase XT has been shown to reduce viscosity in broilers both in wheat based and in mixed wheat/barley diets, making it an ideal product to be used whilst the main cereals used can vary depending on the market. “Before using wheat from the new harvest, nutritionists can check its nutritional values, usually using near infrared spectroscopy (NIR), and make any necessary changes in formulation based on protein, starch, fibre

and moisture levels. It’s also important that the selected xylanase is thermostable enough as a liquid or powder, because pelleting conditions and feed conditioning vary widely, even within the same feed mill, Dr Rob Ten Doeschate says. “Finally, when using xylanase, it’s important to choose one that can be easily measured and detected in feed, using a suitable assay, to ensure that the enzyme is present in sufficient quantity in the final feed and performance and profitability remain on track.”

FVG Select 2017: INGREDIENTS FOR SUCCESS! Global industry executives from the animal feed processing, grain processing, ingredients & additives, aquafeed, petfood and biomass pelleting industries traveled to Cologne in Germany on June 13 & 14, 2017. These executives had come to visit the very successful, first edition of FVG Select. Almost 1,000 visitors came through the doors of the KoelnMesse exhibition center, set in the heart of the beautiful and historic city of Cologne. They had come from 59 countries and every continent was represented. As the name of the event implies, FVG Select, there were only a limited number of 55 exhibitors present at the industry expo. You can visit www.fvgselect.com to view the exhibitor list. The focus of FVG Select was networking, business match-making and gathering new industry knowledge. This was facilitated through an extensive conference and matchmaking program. The following conferences were organized in collaboration with our partners: FIAAP Animal Nutrition Conference Aquafeed Horizons Europe AEBIOM International Pellet Workshop Petfood Forum Europe GRAPAS & Global Milling Conference VICTAM Feed Processing Conference. The matchmaking program consisted of a combination of an online tool, which allowed exhibitors and visitors to plan their appointments very efficiently and a personal approach by Victam matchmaking consultants before and during the event and added between 10-20% meetings to everyone’s schedule. Another new feature that was introduced during this event was the VICTAM News Room. Speakers, visitors and exhibitors were interviewed about their expertise. The news crew also made running reports about the events through Victam’s social media channels. An impression of the event and all the interviews can be found on the Victam YouTube channel. FVG Select is an additional event to the large exhibitions and conferences in Cologne and Bangkok. The business match-making program and the News Room will also be introduced during VICTAM Asia 2018 and VICTAM International 2019.

INVE S TING IN E A RLY C A L F GROWTH BRINGS LONG TERM REWARDS Farmers will be rewarded with lower overall rearing costs, improved efficiencies and better first lactation yields by feeding calves higher levels of milk. Speaking at the recent Mole Valley Farmers Calf Conference in Exeter, US dairy consultant, Dr Bob Corbett and Dr Alex Bach from The Department of Ruminant Production of IRTA in Spain, highlighted the need for farmers to shift their attention away from feed cost per head pre-weaning and instead focus on return on investment. Dr Bach said the case for investing in the milk feeding stage was clear. “Early in life you get 60% feed efficiency so for every 1kg of feed or milk powder consumed, you get 600 g of gain. When they’re 657-700 days old, feed efficiency is 7%, so now for every kilo you only get 70 g of gain,” he told visitors to the event, which was sponsored by Nukamel. That explained why feeding higher levels of milk actually resulted in lower heifer rearing costs in a study which looked at calving animals at 22 months of age, weighing 650kg. The research showed feeding calves eight litres of milk a day in the first two month of age and achieving gains of 1kg/day lead to total heifer feeding costs to 22 months of €1,809 (£1,583). This compared to €1,838 (£1,608) when calves achieved 0.5kg/day when fed four litres a day. The optimum was identified as feeding six litres a day, which achieved live weight gains of 0.8kg.day and cost €1,796 (£1,571). Dr Bach said: “I don’t care if you have to put in a lot at the beginning, she’s still cheaper at the end.” He also highlighted the significant positive impact faster growth rates had on future milk production. “For every 100g of additional daily gain in the first two months of life, you get 226kg of milk in the first lactation. So you get faster growth, she’s cheaper and produces more milk - it’s a free ride,” he said. Dr Corbett also believed farmers could make significant gains by placing more attention on early calf nutrition. “With genetic selection you can get 68-114kg more milk per lactation. But you can increase up to eight times more versus genetic selection just through nutrition in the first few months of age,” he explained. With that in mind, he emphasised the importance of providing calves with high levels of milk replacer early on. He added: “We use the term accelerated, but there’s nothing accelerated about it. We’re changing nutrition so the calf reaches its genetic potential. It’s a matter of giving them the nutrition they need.”

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 55

Spotlight on …


Croston Engineering

ANDRITZ Feed & Biofuel Technologies is one of the world’s leading

Croston Engineering, since its formation

suppliers of technologies, systems and services for advanced industrial

in 1976, has specialised in the design

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and for the biofuel

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pelleting industry. We

throughout the UK. These include pet

are strongly committed

food, grain storage and handling, the

to excellent performance and quality of our products and to being

human food and drinks industries, plus

a strong partner for our cus­tomers. We have delivered products

other sectors that require the handling and processing of materials.

and plant solutions since the 1960s and have gained extensive

The Company’s expertise covers the whole range of animal feed

knowledge and insight into the demands of the specific feed and

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biofuel markets.

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Our focus is on innovation and keeping up with new technological

etc., to the final outloading of finished products.

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As an adjunct to new developments, the Company carries out

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E-mail: admin@croston-engineering.co.uk

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machines for the line. Our products and solutions are tailor-made to meet the specific requirements and needs of our customers. ANDRITZ Feed & Biofuel Technologies provides processing

Dinnissen Process Technology

machines and equipment from raw material intake to finished feed

Premix production in the feed plant

bagging. Our pelleting and extrusion plants are designed with special

The production of premixes is being focussed on more and more

attention to food safety and traceability, and in addition, hygiene and

lately. The premix is an essential part of any feed-recipe, containing

regulations requirements are also in high focus.

the essential additives that give the end-product the desired taste and

Animal feed processing, Industrially produced animal feed

nutritional qualities. A

is under­going continuous processing and quality improvement to

production area where

keep up with the effective­ness of the agricultural industry as well as

recipes are changed

the continuously increasing focus on food safety and traceability.

often, to accommodate the various products processed in one plant. To

ANDRITZ animal feed processing technologies appeal to both

ensure product quality, hygiene standards are of upmost importance.

commercial feed mill­ers and farmers. Our pelleting technologies

Dinnissen Process Technology specializes in the development and

enable our customers to create their own unique recipes and

production of process technologies and equipment for the feed&aquafeed,

combinations of ingre­dients – making sure that the animals have the

food&pharma, pet food and chemical industries. One of the fields we are

right amount of vitamins and protein.

a specialist in, is the Premix industry. Dinnissen offers an extensive range

For further information, contact us on: Phone: +45 72 160 300, E-mail:

of products for the Premix producer. Stand-alone machinery, such as

andritz-fb.dk@andritz.com, Website: www.andritz.com/ft

the most hygienic Pegasus® Mixer for quick and efficient mixing results

Page 56 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

and the Pegasus® Vacuum Coater with which to add additives in coated

handling engineering companies within the animal feed sector, we offer a

layers, but also complete solutions including pneumatic transport and

unique and proven ability to deliver innovative and imaginative processing,

Big-Bag emptying. Many of our premix-lines are built around a vertical

packaging, storage and handling solutions, and pride ourselves on

concept; vertical discharge gives less contamination and saves energy

providing a specialist bespoke service on time and in budget.

due to gravitation forces. The raw materials are transported to a higher

Past projects have included:

level, discharged into a mixer, and after mixing put into bags on the

Pellet Press and Conditioning Installation

lower level. With 70 years of experience we have become experts in

Micro-Ingredients Additives Systems

designing, producing and installing hygienic processes in those areas

New Production Plants

where contamination is unacceptable.

Liquid Coating Systems


Raw Material Storage Systems

Cooling Systems

Address: Horsterweg 66, 5975 NB, Sevenum (the Netherlands)

Screening Systems

Telephone: +31 (0)77 467 3555

Upgrading Pellet Lines


Contact person: Perry Konings Fax: +31 (0)77 467 3785

Key services we offer include: •

Process Design Engineering

GAME Engineering

Site Installation & Commissioning

Since our humble beginnings

Bespoke Machinery Manufacture

in 1986, we are proud to

Turnkey Process Solutions

have grown to a team of

Site Management

Project Management

over 70 experienced engineers, fabricators and project managers. Working around your existing production, we implement cost-effective

For further information contact us on:

solutions as quoted, resulting in you being fully operational with minimal

Phone - +44 (0) 1522 868021


Email - sales@game-engineering.com

Regarded as one of the UK’s leading materials processing and

Website - www.game-engineering.com


& TECHNOLOGY materials, From From the the intake intake of of raw raw materials, processing, and through processing, and on to the through processing, andon onto tothe the outloading products outloading of offinished finishedproducts productsour 25 practical experience is ouryes’ 41 practical experience 40 years’ years’ practical experience available to to you. is available to you you CROSTON ENGINEERING LTD. TARVIN MILL, BARROW LANE, TARVIN, CHESTER CH3 8JF Telephone: (01829) 741119 Fax: (01829) 741169 E.Mail: admin@croston-engineering.co.uk Web: www.croston-engineering.co.uk

Finished Products Distribution System incorporating elevators, conveyors and pellet screening.


Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 57

Millson Engineering

dosing systems, storage silos for grain and feed, spare parts, electric

The company was founded in 1989 by its present owner and Managing

control and fully process automation, after sales service worldwide.

Director Tod Soloducha primarily to provide a Roll Assembly and Die

T +31 79 593 22 21

refurbishment service to the Feed Compounding Industry. Millson

F +31 79 593 11 47

Engineering is an established and well known supplier with a reputation

E mkp@ottevanger.com

for delivering a range of quality products and services. Currently we

W www.ottevanger.com

work in the Animal Feed, Agricultural, and General Engineering sectors, and are also actively involved in the Wood Pelleting, and Recyclable Materials industries. The company operates from a 6,000 plus square

Van Aarsen International

feet purpose built/ designed office complex and factory unit on the outskirts of Kidderminster, Worcestershire ideally

The vital link to your feed chain

placed for links to the local

The better the animal feed, the better the food on the table! It’s as

motorway network. The entire Millson team is committed to offering a

simple as that. Van Aarsen is developer, manufacturer and supplier

professional, quality, and value for money service.

of state of the art machines and complete feed mill solutions for the

Tel: +44(0)1562 823900

production of compound feed and premixes worldwide.

Fax: + 44(0)1562 823998

Email: sales@millsonengineering.com Web: www.millsonengineering.com

We take our crucial role in the ‘agro-feed’ chain seriously, helping you to achieve optimal solutions. Our innovative machines and complete feed mill solutions are designed and constructed to increase production

Ottevanger Milling Engineers B.V. Ottevanger Milling Engineers, established in 1909, is one of the leading European companies who have specialised in the design and manufacture of equipment and complete plants for the grain processing and compound feed industry. Our expertise based on many years of experience and know how make Ottevanger the ideal partner for realisation of your project. From basic design through to turn-key delivery. Ottevanger Milling Engineers, specialist in conventional and containerised mills for:

and lower operational costs; with minimum energy consumption and maximum benefit to feed safety and ease of operation. Since 1949. From concept to completion Van Aarsen thinks and acts with you from initial idea to final completion. Our way of doing business is focusing on your objectives. We want to know how you do your business. We take the time to understand all the subtleties underlying the different aspects of your feed mill or premix plant. Dozens of projects all over the world are the convincing evidence that we know how to offer the certainty of an investment that provides maximum added value. High performance Our machines are the heart of many compound feed factories. Weighing and dosing systems, hammer mills, batch mixers, liquid mixers, conditioners,

Feed mills

pellet mills, counter-flow coolers, crumblers, transport equipment and

Pet Food plants

storage silos. Long lifetime, low operating costs and high performance

Aqua feed mills

Premix & concentrate plants

Cereal Processing plants

Oil seed processing

The containerized feed mill which can be put together in a matter

are distinctive features applying to all Van Aarsen machines. advice@aarsen.com www.aarsen.com

van Mourik group

of weeks at a production site. The containerized mills can be supplied

At van Mourik Process

in the range of 1 to 45 tonnes per hour. The equipment is installed

Optimisation is our way of

20-foot container which can be handled as separate modules. At


the plant location the containers are stacked to form a complete mill.




Feeds for different species can be produced. Separate units have been

group focusses with a very

designed for production of pet food and treatment of raw materials,

experienced team on: consulting, design and realisations of feed

such as soybeans. The concept has also been developed for flour

milling projects.


Our long standing service and maintenance activities is the

Our product range also includes i.a. mixers, hammer mills, pellet

backbone of the company and forms the foundation of experiential

mills, conditioners, extruders, driers/coolers, crumblers, crushers,

knowledge which gives van Mourik its distinctive skill set that

bucket elevators, screw conveyors, chain conveyors, weighing, liquid

enables the optimizing of your processes and development of capital

Page 58 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

improvement plans.

pet food manufacture. In addition to turnkey projects, our core products

Van Mourik started in 1990 as a mechanical installation company.

are hammer mills, ribbon and paddle mixers, double-shaft paddle

By strategic take-overs and natural growth the company has become

mixers, rotary sifters and coaters for liquids (vacuum and atmospheric).

a unique specialized neutral integrator employing 150 FTE with its

Approximately 80% of our products are exported.

focus on feed milling and premix process. The clients value our neutral position in the engineering studies and process advice.

In order to guarantee its high quality standards, Wynveen assembles and tests all its key equipment in-house.

An example of the approach is a recent request of an independent

Wynveen always aims to fully understand customer requirements,

client that needs to study an increase of its production by 25%. A

working in partnership with customers and using all our accumulated

dedicated team from van Mourik consisting of process specialists

knowledge and experience to deliver the optimum, often highly

that have their own expertise in mechanical and electro technical

innovative, technological solution. That’s why our company motto is:

control scanned the process of the client. Combined with the clients

‘Versatility in feed processing’.

goal Van Mourik makes a future process plan with a neutral advice

Delivery program:

on the equipment. This time it resulted to a concept change from an

Storage silos for raw materials and finished products

additional grinding/mixing tower to an upgrade proposal for an existing


production line.

Transport systems:

Of course this approach can be the backbone of a bigger


investment in a complete new production line to become future proof.

Chain conveyors

Screw conveyors

The van Mourik group offers to help clients in the UK and Ireland with this approach to achieve efficiently and effectively their future goals.

Intake weighing equipment


Outloading weighing equipment

Hammer mills


Wynveen International

Coaters for liquids

Versatility in feed processing

Pellet sifters

Wynveen International

Loading and unloading systems:

B.V. is a leading Dutch

Pneumatic ship unloading systems

company, specialising in

Hydraulic driven lifting truck-platforms

the design, manufacture

Truck dumping hoppers

and installation of

Dust free bulk loading pipes

Bagging-off lines

complete mills for the animal feed industry. With a knowledgeable, experienced and enthusiastic team, the

Filter equipment

company focuses on the development and construction of high-quality


innovative equipment and installations for animal feed, aqua feed and



Boylestraat 34, 6718 XM Ede The Netherlands +31 318 64 11 44 UK Contact +44 795 293 8252 info@vanmourik-group.com


it is our way of thinking


Nick Major Elected FEFAC President

Andrew Davies, Operations Director with Harpers Feeds is the new

On the occasion of the XXVIII FEFAC Congress in Cordoba, Spain, the

President of Bristol Corn and Feed Trade Association (BCFTA). He

General Assembly elected Mr Nick Major as the new President. Major (UK) is a graduate in Agricultural Technology and

will hold the position for a 12 month period. A voluntary organisation, BCFTA membership represents

is the Corporate Affairs Director for ForFarmers

virtually all sectors of the agricultural supply trade, ranging in size from

Group, the market leading feed company in

international companies to sole traders throughout the UK. Although

Europe. He is also Chairman of AIC (Agricultural

originally concerned with contracts, arbitration and legal defence,

Industries Confederation) and currently chairs the

its main emphasis today is on training and development of member

technical secretariat of the FEFAC-led Product

companies’ staff, including activities such as study visits, bursary

Environmental Footprint (PEF) pilot on feed in the

projects and seminars.

context of the European Commission initiative

From a family farming background, Mr Davies joined Holsworthy

for a single market of green products. Nick Major: “I look forward to

based Harpers Feeds in 2002, initially working as a weighbridge

representing the interests of European Feed Manufacturers and build

operator. He has worked his way up through the company initially as

further on the foundations laid by the FEFAC Vision 2030. Safety and

a raw materials trader and Operations Manager. He was appointed

competitiveness of the livestock production chain, to which the feed

Operations Director in 2015.

industry is the most important input industry, remain the shared top

“BCFTA continues to play an important role within the industry,

priorities across the European continent for the years to come”.

helping members develop the skills required to help businesses evolve, and by so doing, help farmers meet the challenges they face,” Mr Davies

Gaynor Hillier elected new NOAH Chair

comments. “As the industry starts to understand the full impact of Brexit

Gaynor Hillier has been elected as Chair of NOAH (National Office

and evolving trade arrangements, I am confident BCFTA can play an

of Animal Health) for 2017, following this year’s

important and influential role.”

NOAH AGM. Gaynor, who started her career in animal health as NOAH’s Technical Executive in 1990, has been head of Elanco UK and Ireland since January 2015. She has been an active member of the NOAH Board since 2011, and its vice-chair since 2013.

EW Nutrition fortifies expertise on poultry management An acknowledged veterinarian expert in poultry nutrition, Twan van Gerwe PhD has joined the Technical Management Team of EW Nutrition. As Head of Global Technical Management Poultry he will lead the poultry technical team in Mr Davies (above right) is the second Harpers Feeds Director to be

business development and will provide customer

appointed President, following in the footsteps of Bill Harper (above

oriented solutions.

left) who held the post in 2008. At their recent meeting BCFTA presented

“We are really happy to get Twan on board. His long track record

Mr Harper with the Brian Cooke Award for achievement in the animal

in the poultry business will ensure that we can accomplish the level

feed trade and agriculture, an award made annually to a member who

of consulting service that our customers expect”, stated Dr. Heinrich

have made a significant contribution to the industry.

Kleine Klausing, as Managing Director of EW Nutrition.

Page 60 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

I’ANSON CELEBRATES LATEST COMPANY VETERAN I’Anson has honoured one of its employees for their exceptional long service to the company. 61-year-old Martin Elsworth (below, centre, receiving his award from Managing Director and Sales Director Chris

be so vital to the future of agribusiness.” Mr Kenyon succeeds John Calder of Cefetra who has chaired AIC Scotland for the past two years. The rest of the AIC Scotland Board consists of:

and Will I’Anson) has worked at the Masham-based firm for 25 years

Donald Harvey of Galloway and MacLeod continues to serve as

and joins an ever-growing number of long servers at the company.

Chairman of the Feed Sector, AIC Scotland Lorne Watson of Alexander Harley Seeds takes over chairmanship of AIC Scotland Seed Committee from Gordon Stewart. Colin Young of East Coast Viners takes over chairmanship of AIC Scotland Arable Committee from Robin Barron AIC Scotland is supported by Kevin Mills, the Confederation’s Scottish Policy Adviser.

FIVEF STRENGTHENS BUSINESS MANAGEMENT TEAM FiveF Alka has strengthened its business management team in response Since joining in April 1992, Bedale-born Martin has worked in

to growing interest in ration alkalisation from the feed trade and UK

various roles across the business. Initially, Martin rotated between a

cattle farmers. Livestock farmer and dairy sector

number of positions within the mill before settling in the blending control

specialist Rob Smith has joined the company as

room, which is responsible for weighing and mixing of the ingredients

UK general manager and will focus on continuing

for the animal feed, where he has worked for the last 18 years.

to develop the team to service the home market,

The company currently employs 72 people and prides itself on its

allowing directors Malcolm Graham & Alan

company culture and family-working ethic. This has led to impressive

Sayle more time to support an expanding list of

staff retention figures, with the entire staff clocking up over 1,000 years

distributors in the rest of Europe and beyond.

of service – equating to an average of 14 years each. Less than a year ago, three members of staff celebrated 30 years at the company, with another two passing the 25-year mark.

DSL Systems have a new exciting vacancy for a

Software Support Engineer (Strictly no agencies please)

New line-up at AIC Scotland brings wealth of expertise to supply industry issues The Agricultural Industries Confederation Scotland has elected Stephen Kenyon as its new Chairman. The new line up in Scotland will provide the agrisupply industry with over a century of experience as the Confederation addresses the twin challenges of Brexit, whilst still operating within the EU for the next two years. Stephen Kenyon, who began his career as a nutritionist in the feed sector has, for the past ten years been a director of the Harbro Group. Within AIC Scotland, he previously chaired the Feed Sector committee. As Chairman AIC Scotland, he will also become a member of the main AIC Board representing Scottish interests. “It is a challenging time for the agricultural supply industry,” said Mr Kenyon. “Today we operate in an industry which is controlled and governed by EU-based legislation which is continually evolving. AIC must continue to address these matters until we formally leave. At the same time, Brexit discussions are gathering pace and it is vital that the industry’s voice is heard as we argue for frictionless trading agreements.” “I am pleased that AIC is playing a major part in the newly-formed Agri-Brexit Coalition which will focus on those specific issues that will

Up to £30,000 DOE Plus Bonus Scheme, Pension Scheme and Health Care DSL Systems Ltd designs, develops and installs advanced factory automation systems worldwide. DSL’s AutoPilot4Feed control software is recognised as the leading system for the feed and grain sector. We are now seeking a talented Software Support Engineer to join our team. This is the ideal role for an engineer with experience of using and maintaining automation and control systems looking to progress their career with a successful company. Ideally, you will have previous experience at a user level of DSL’s AutoPilot4Feed control system or similar in an animal feed mill. Joining an environment of innovation, the successful candidate will have the opportunity to learn, develop and make a real contribution to DSL Systems’ continued success and growth. As a Software Support Engineer, you will be responsible for first line response to support calls from DSL’s clients in the UK and overseas. Liaising with customers, you’ll provide exceptional level of support and valuable training to ensure that any issues are resolved promptly and effectively. You will be expected to diagnose software issues and fix if possible. Otherwise you will escalate the support issue to the next level response. Other support issues may involve advising the caller on diagnosing the nature of their issue which could be mechanical or electrical. When not dealing with support issues you will be expected to assist with the configuration of new control projects to help develop your knowledge and experience of the AutoPilot4Feed system. The position will involve joining the rota system for out of office hours’ support. A company mobile phone and laptop will be provided for this purpose. To be considered for this role, you must: - Have experience of automation and control systems - Knowledge of PLCs and electrical panels - Experience in animal feed manufacture - Knowledge of Windows server and PCs As a Software Support Engineer, you must possess excellent problem solving skills and a logical, analytical approach. Methodical and driven, you must also have a strong customer focus and superb attention to detail. To apply for the role of Software Support Engineer please email the Managing Director: matthewswallow@dsl-systems.com

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 61

Review of European Medicated Feed Regulation The National Office of Animal Health (NOAH) has requested that we reproduce the following briefing to help provide clarity in the face of apparent confusion in the industry concerning medicating feeds in the future

Background summary: European Legislative Review

for example if a pet cat is suffering from a chronic disease that

• EU proposals for new Veterinary Medicinal Products and Medicated

needs ongoing medication.

Feed Regulations were published in September 2014. • The purpose of the draft new European Medicated Feed Regulation is to update the existing controls and address concerns arising from

Issues under consideration in review 1. Carry-over: After producing medicated feed, some traces of the

antimicrobial resistance as well as to harmonise the manufacturing,

veterinary medicine may remain in production lines and small amounts

marketing and use of medicated feed across Europe.

may therefore be transferred to the next batch of feed; this is called

• Both pieces of legislation are undergoing what is known as the

“carry-over”. Carry-over is unavoidable in the context of feed production

‘Co-decision process’ where amendments may be proposed

but must be limited as much as possible. The current Directive

by; (1) Member States – via the European Council; and (2) the

90/167EC is silent on the concept of carry-over. The development of

European Parliament via the relevant Committees (Environment

harmonised carry over limits across Europe, with proposals varying

and Agriculture committees).

from 1% to 3%, is one of the matters under consideration. It is hoped

• The negotiations around these amendments are estimated to last for 2 to 3 years. • The new laws will take effect ‘on the ground’ across all EU Member

that the final legislation will set carry over limits based on the As Low as Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) principle. 2. Preventive use: The use of antimicrobials preventively via medicated

States in early 2020 or 2021 but the exact timeline remains unclear

feed and via other administration routes (e.g. injection or in water) is

and may alter slightly.

likely to be limited under the Medicated Feed Regulations and also

• There are no proposals to ban the manufacture or use of Medicated Feed as a route of medicine administration to food producing animals.

under the Veterinary Medicines Regulations, which are also in the process of being reviewed. It is anticipated that the new Medicated Feed Regulations will

• The European Commission recognises the importance of this

limit the use of any antimicrobials preventively via medicated feed

administration route for animal health and welfare and believes it

as part of the European Commission’s measures to respond to the

should remain available as a route of medicine administration, for

problems posed by antimicrobial resistance. It may be the case that

a range of different types of medicines (e.g. Antibiotics and anti-

prophylactic use of antimicrobials via medicated feed may be ceased,

parasitic medicines) for vets and farmers.

except when the veterinary medicine has been specifically authorised

Key points about medicated feed • Medicated feed is one of the ways a farmer or a pet owner can administer a veterinary medicine to animals. All administration routes are valuable, but sometimes medicated feed can be the best, if not the only, option. It is particularly useful for pigs, poultry and fish which are often housed in groups. • Only veterinary medicines approved and licensed for this particular use may be used to make medicated feed. • These veterinary medicines are incorporated in feeds by specially licensed facilities and can only be delivered after obtaining a medicated feed prescription, indicating, amongst other things, the names and addresses of both the prescriber and animal keeper, the animals and disease to be treated, correct dosage and duration of the treatment. • The manufacture and use of medicated feed can be best described by the three 3Cs:

for that usage. Coccidiostats which are anti-protozoal feed additives are not within the scope of this legislation. 3. Examination/assessment by vets at prescribing: It is expected that both the Medicated Feed Regulations and the Veterinary Medicines Regulations will require stricter controls prior to prescriptions for antimicrobials being issued. The details of these requirements remain unclear, but a more in depth assessment by the prescribing veterinary surgeon, of the need for treatment with an antimicrobial is likely to be included in the new laws. 4. Homogeneity: The new legislation will also address how it can be ensured that medicated feed when produced is as homogenous as possible with an even mix of medicine throughout the feed.

Will this remain relevant to the UK following Brexit? The exact nature of the UK’s arrangements with the EU remains unclear, but it is expected that the requirements of the new EU Medicated Feed

Control: medicated feed is manufactured under internationally

Regulations will remain relevant to the UK and the UK could adopt a

recognised quality standards known as Hazard Analysis at

very similar system.

Critical Control Point (HACCP) systems. This helps to ensure the correct dose is administered. Compliance: this method of administration ensures full conformity with the prescription in terms of dosing and duration of treatment.

Next steps? • The existing legal requirements remain in place, and remain unchanged. • The new laws will be finalised in circa 2019 and it is estimated

Care: administering medicines through feed reduces the stress

that they will take effect ‘on the ground’ across all Member States

and risk of injury for the animal and persons involved. This can

in early 2020 or 2021 but the exact timeline remains unclear and

be important both for farm animals and for companion animals,

may alter slightly.

Page 62 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder


Fe e d C o m p o u n d e r



Feed Compounder Buyers’ Guide – the product and service finder for the animal feed industry

Trouw Nutrition GB, Blenheim House, Blenheim Road, Ashbourne DE6 1HA Tel: 01335 341100 Fax: 01335 341171 E-mail: customerservices.gb@nutreco.com Web: www.trouwnutrition.co.uk (See Acidifiers, Analytical Services, Animal Health Products, Antibacterials, Chelated Minerals, Enzymes, Feed Additives, Feed Supplements, Milk Replacers, Mould Inhibitors, Mycotoxin Binders, Salmonella Control, Silage Additives)


Manufacturing bag sealing, sewing, gluing machines, bag handling & palletizing lines T: +44 (0)844 3722877 E: sales@fischbein-saxon.co.uk www.fischbein.com/eastern

BULK STORAGE AND HANDLING Croston Engineering Ltd Tarvin Mill, Barrow Lane, Tarvin, Chester CH3 8JF Tel: 01829 741119 Fax: 01829 741169 E-mail: admin@croston-engineering.co.uk Web: www.croston-engineering.co.uk

CALIBRATION AND WEIGHING SERVICES Promtek Ltd Fisher Street, Brindley Ford, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire ST8 7QJ Tel: 01782 375600 Fax: 01782 375605 E-mail: info@promtek.com Web: www.promtek.com


Animal Health Products Trouw Nutrition GB, Blenheim House, Blenheim Road, Ashbourne DE6 1HA Tel: 01335 341100 Fax: 01335 341171 E-mail: customerservices.gb@nutreco.com Web: www.trouwnutrition.co.uk

ACIDIFIERS Trouw Nutrition GB, Blenheim House, Blenheim Road, Ashbourne DE6 1HA Tel: 01335 341100 Fax: 01335 341171 E-mail: customerservices.gb@nutreco.com Web: www.trouwnutrition.co.uk

ANALYTICAL SERVICES Trouw Nutrition GB, Blenheim House, Blenheim Road, Ashbourne DE6 1HA Tel: 01335 341100 Fax: 01335 341171 E-mail: customerservices.gb@nutreco.com Web: www.trouwnutrition.co.uk

ANTIBACTERIALS Trouw Nutrition GB, Blenheim House, Blenheim Road, Ashbourne DE6 1HA Tel: 01335 341100 Fax: 01335 341171 E-mail: customerservices.gb@nutreco.com Web: www.trouwnutrition.co.uk

Trouw Nutrition GB, Blenheim House, Blenheim Road, Ashbourne DE6 1HA Tel: 01335 341100 Fax: 01335 341171 E-mail: customerservices.gb@nutreco.com Web: www.trouwnutrition.co.uk

ENZYMES AB Vista 3 Woodstock Court, Blenheim Road, Marlborough Business Park, Marlborough, Wiltshire, SN8 4AN. United Kingdom Tel: +44(0)1672 517650 Fax: +44(0)1672 517660 E-mail: info@abvista.com Web: www.abvista.com

Danisco Animal Nutrition PO Box 777, Marlborough, Wiltshire SN8 1XN Tel: 01672 517777 Fax: 01672 517778 E-mail: info.animalnutrition@dupont.com Web: animalnutrition.dupont.com

DSM Nutritional Products Ltd Heanor Gate, Heanor, Derbyshire DE75 7SG Tel: +44 (0)1773 536500 Fax: +44 (0)1773 536600 E-mail: heanor.anh-enquiries@dsm.com Web: www.dsmnutritionalproducts.com

Trouw Nutrition GB, Blenheim House, Blenheim Road, Ashbourne DE6 1HA Tel: 01335 341100 Fax: 01335 341171 E-mail: customerservices.gb@nutreco.com Web: www.trouwnutrition.co.uk

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 63



Borregaard UK Ltd Clayton Road, Risley Employment Area, Warrington, Cheshire WA3 6QQ Tel: 01925 285423 Fax: 01925 285433 E-mail: glenn.dearsley@borregaard.com Web: www.lignotechfeed.com

Tel: 01522 868021 sales@game-engineering.com www.game-engineering.com

DSM Nutritional Products Ltd Heanor Gate, Heanor, Derbyshire DE75 7SG Tel: +44 (0)1773 536500 Fax: +44 (0)1773 536600 E-mail: heanor.anh-enquiries@dsm.com Web: www.dsmnutritionalproducts.com


Specialists since 1986 in the design and build of Turnkey Solutions and Plant Upgrades in the Animal Feed and Pet Food industries.

Croston Engineering Ltd Tarvin Mill, Barrow Lane, Tarvin, Chester CH3 8JF Tel: 01829 741119 Fax: 01829 741169 E-mail: admin@croston-engineering.co.uk Web: www.croston-engineering.co.uk

Kemin UKLtd. Ltd Kemin UK Castlethorpe Court, Hampton Castlethorpe, BRIGG Tudor House, Road, North Lincolnshire DN20 9LG, England Southport, Merseyside PR8 6QD

Turner Process Equipment Ltd 5 De Grey Square, De Grey Road, Colchester, Essex CO4 5YQ Tel: 01206 752017 Fax: 01206 854484 E-mail: sales@turnerprocessequipment.co.uk Web: turnerprocessequipment.co.uk

tel: +44.1652.65.10.10 fax:+44.1652.65.54.13 Tel: +44 (0)1704 537702 Fax: +44 (0)1704 532401

FEED PATHOGEN CONTROL Anitox Ltd 7 Regent Park, Booth Drive, Park Farm, Wellingborough NN86GR Tel: +44 1604 811228 Fax: +44 1604 811013 E-mail: anitoxEMEA@anitox.com Web: www.anitox.com

Nutriad: a leading name in feed additives for more than 50 years. Find out more at www.nutriad.com Proven solutions for animal nutrition and health

Premier Nutrition Products Ltd The Levels, Rugeley, Staffordshire WS15 1RD Tel: 01889 572500 Fax: 01889 577074 E-mail: info@premiernutrition.co.uk Web: www.premiernutrition.co.uk

Orffa T +31 183 44 77 66 E info@orffa.com

Find your Orffa specialist at www.orffa.com

FEED Ingredients Azelis UK Ltd Alexander House, Crown Gate, Runcorn, Cheshire WA7 2UP Tel: 01928 793090 Fax: 01928 716997 Email: nutrition@azelis.co.uk www.azelis.com Gemcom Ltd 68 Great Portland Street, London W1W 7NG Tel: +44 (0)20 7580 8004 Fax: +44 (0)20 7580 8002 E-mail: info@gemcom.co.uk Web: www.gemcom.co.uk

Page 64 July/August 2017 Feed Compounder

DSM Nutritional Products Ltd Heanor Gate, Heanor, Derbyshire DE75 7SG Tel: +44 (0)1773 536500 Fax: +44 (0)1773 536600 E-mail: heanor.anh-enquiries@dsm.com Web: www.dsmnutritionalproducts.com Trouw Nutrition GB, Blenheim House, Blenheim Road, Ashbourne DE6 1HA Tel: 01335 341100 Fax: 01335 341171 E-mail: customerservices.gb@nutreco.com Web: www.trouwnutrition.co.uk

Trouw Nutrition GB, Blenheim House, Blenheim Road, Ashbourne DE6 1HA Tel: 01335 341100 Fax: 01335 341171 E-mail: customerservices.gb@nutreco.com Web: www.trouwnutrition.co.uk

Vierlinghstraat 51 4251 LC Werkendam The Netherlands


Zintec Agri, Fordton Industrial Estate Crediton, Devon EX17 3BZ Tel. 01363 775115 Fax. 01363 772114 Contact Neil MacAskill Email nmacaskill@b2bnutrition.co.uk Web: www.zintec.co.uk

HAMMER MILLS Dinnissen Process Technology Horsterweg 66, 5975 NB Sevenum, the Netherlands Tel: +31 (0)77 467 3555 Fax: +31 (0)77 467 3785 E-mail: y.toebosch@dinnissen.nl Web: www.dinnissen.nl

MILK REPLACERS Trouw Nutrition GB, Blenheim House, Blenheim Road, Ashbourne DE6 1HA Tel: 01335 341100 Fax: 01335 341171 E-mail: customerservices.gb@nutreco.com Web: www.trouwnutrition.co.uk



Dinnissen Process Technology Horsterweg 66, 5975 NB Sevenum, the Netherlands Tel: +31 (0)77 467 3555 Fax: +31 (0)77 467 3785 E-mail: y.toebosch@dinnissen.nl Web: www.dinnissen.nl

Delacon France SAS 17, avenue Didier Daurat, Bat. Thalès, 31 700 Blagnac, France Tel +33 5 82 60 01 32 Fax +43 732 640 533 E-mail: sales@delacon.com Web: www.delacon.com


MOISTURE MEASUREMENT Hydronix Ltd, 7 Riverside Business Centre, Guildford, Surrey GU1 4UG Tel: 01483 468900 E-mail: enquiries@hydronix.com Web: www.hydronix.com

MOLASSES PRODUCTS E D & F Man Liquid Products UK Ltd Alexandra House, Regent Road, Bootle L20 1ES Tel: 0151 944 5100 Fax: 0151 944 3919 E-mail: phil.holder@edfman.com Web: www.edfmanliquidproductsuk.com United Molasses 48 Gracechurch Street, London EC3V 0EJ Tel: 020 7220 4655 Fax: 020 7220 4654 E-mail: molassesgb@umgroup.com Web: www.umgroup.com


Promtek Ltd Fisher Street, Brindley Ford, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire ST8 7QJ Tel: 01782 375600 Fax: 01782 375605 E-mail: info@promtek.com Web: www.promtek.com

PROCESS TECHNOLOGY Dinnissen Process Technology Horsterweg 66, 5975 NB Sevenum, the Netherlands Tel: +31 (0)77 467 3555 Fax: +31 (0)77 467 3785 E-mail: y.toebosch 4 @dinnissen.nl

Trouw Nutrition GB, Blenheim House, Blenheim Road, Ashbourne DE6 1HA Tel: 01335 341100 Fax: 01335 341171 E-mail: customerservices.gb@nutreco.com Web: www.trouwnutrition.co.uk

Web: www.dinnissen.nl

SALMONELLA CONTROL Trouw Nutrition GB, Blenheim House, Blenheim Road, Ashbourne DE6 1HA Tel: 01335 341100 Fax: 01335 341171 E-mail: customerservices.gb@nutreco.com Web: www.trouwnutrition.co.uk



Trouw Nutrition GB, Blenheim House, Blenheim Road, Ashbourne DE6 1HA Tel: 01335 341100 Fax: 01335 341171 E-mail: customerservices.gb@nutreco.com Web: www.trouwnutrition.co.uk

Nutrition Toll Manufacture B2B Nutrition Fordton Industrial Estate Crediton, Devon EX17 3BZ (A division of the Denis Brinicombe Group) Tel. 01363 775115 Fax. 01363 772114 Contact Neil MacAskill Email nmacaskill@b2bnutrition.co.uk Web www.b2bnutrition.co.uk

DSL Systems Ltd Adbolton Hall, Adbolton Lane, West Bridgford, Nottingham NG2 5AS Tel: 0115 981 3700 Fax: 0115 981 3702 E-mail: sales@dsl-systems.com Web: www.dsl-systems.com

Turner Process Equipment Ltd 5 De Grey Square, De Grey Road, Colchester, Essex CO4 5YQ Tel: 01206 752017 Fax: 01206 854484 E-mail: sales@turnerprocessequipment.co.uk Web: turnerprocessequipment.co.uk


feed solutions

Orchard Packaging Orchard House, 20 Chandag Road, Keynsham, Bristol BS31 1NR Tel: 0117 986 3791 Fax: 0117 986 8068 E-mail: sales@orchard-packaging.co.uk Web: www.orchard-packaging.co.uk



Fischbein Tel: 0844 372 2877 E-mail: sales@fischbein-saxon.co.uk

Trouw Nutrition GB, Blenheim House, Blenheim Road, Ashbourne DE6 1HA Tel: 01335 341100 Fax: 01335 341171 E-mail: customerservices.gb@nutreco.com Web: www.trouwnutrition.co.uk

Web: fischbein.com/eastern

PELLETING EQUIPMENT Millson Engineering Ltd Coppice Trading Estate, Kidderminster, Worcestershire DY11 7QY Tel: 01562 823900 Fax: 01562 823998 E-mail: sales@millsonengineering.com Web: www.millsonengineering.com

TRACE ELEMENTS Chemox Pound Ltd Sussex House, The Pines, Broad Street, Guildford, Surrey GU3 3BH Tel: 01483 450660 Fax: 01483 450770 E-mail: info@chemoxpound.com Web: www.chemoxpound.com

Feed Compounder July/August 2017 Page 65

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