Page 1

P

atricia

O A P

jeda del

R

io

rchitect

or olio

1


R

esumé

Patricia Ojeda del Rio Av. Américo Vespucio Sur 1157 d. 302 Las Condes, San ago - Chile Postcode 7550453 +569 98180960 patricia@ojedadelrio.com www.ojedadelrio.com

Professional Degrees

AA

UNAB

Architectural Associa on School of Architecture London, UK Master in Architecture 2015 - 2017 Emergent Technologies and Design Thesis Ti le ´Socially Ac ve Space´ a Proposal For Ravine´s Self-Organised Urban Se lements, Valparaíso - Chile. Published on the Internet web page h ps://issuu.com/patriciaojeda68/docs/_socially_ac ve_space__a_proposal_ Universidad Nacional Andrés Bello Bachelor of Architecture

San ago, Chile 1993 - 1999

Skills Languages Spanish - na ve English - proficient speaker French - intermediate level So wares Autodesk Autocad Rhinoceros 3D Grasshopper UNA - Urban Network Analysis UCINET - Social Network Analysis Adobe Illustrator / InDesign / Photoshop Microso Office

Work Experience Projects development, see projects descrip on.

2010 - 2014

Architect at the Edifica on Project Department at ´Ilustre Municipalidad de San ago´, San ago - Chile

2009 - 2010

Projects development, see projects descrip on. M

2008 - 2009

Architect at ´Consejo de Monumentos Nacionales´, San ago - Chile CMN CORMUP Architect at ´Corporación Municipal de Peñalolén´, San ago - Chile

2

2002 - 2007 2000 - 2005


duca on ´Denham School´, San Bernardo District, RM, San ago - Chile ´Liceo Técnico C. Alessandri´, Algarrobo District, V Region - Chile ´Escuela El Yeco´, Algarrobo District, V Region - Chile ´Centro Innova vo La Puerta de Peñalolén´, Peñalolén District, RM, San ago - Chile ´Escuela E-203 L. G. Ossa´, Peñalolén District, RM, San ago - Chile ´Centro E. E. E. Arriagada´, Peñalolén District, RM, San ago - Chile ´Escuela 171´, Peñalolén District, RM, San ago - Chile ´Liceo de Excelencia´, Peñalolén District, RM, San ago - Chile

H

Health Centre ´DAR SALUD´ construc on supervisor, La Florida District, RM, San ago - Chile Aesthe c Medicine Centre IME, Lo Barnechea District, RM, San ago - Chile Carabineer Hospital ´SEDILE and ESCUELITA´ areas, Ñuñoa District, RM, San ago - Chile Primary Health Care Centre ´Antupirén´ Preliminary New Building Architectural Design, Peñalolén District, RM, San ago - Chile Primary Health Care Centre ´La Faena´ Preliminary New Building Architectural Design, Peñalolén District, RM, San ago - Chile Primary Health Care Centre ´San Luis´ Exten on project - Preliminary Architectural Design, Peñalolén District, RM, San ago - Chile

E J

O

O

H

P

R

L

2010 - 2011 2008 - 2009 2008 - 2009 2005 2003 2000 - 2001 2000 - 2001 2000 - 2001

ealth

C

T

S

E

2012 2010 2009 2003 2000 2000

ffices ´Ferretería San ago´ Interior Design Offices, Ñuñoa District, RM, San ago - Chile ´Gemaex´ Interior Design Offices, Lo Barnechea District, RM, San ago - Chile ´Bice Vida´ 8th floor plan Interior Design Offices, Providencia District, RM, San ago - Chile ´Bice Vida´ Building Architectural Survey, Providencia District, RM, San ago - Chile ´Corporación Municipal de Peñalolén´ Int. Design Offices, Peñalolén District, RM, San ago - Chile ´Edificio dependencias Municipales´ Building Design, Peñalolén District, RM, San ago - Chile ´Rosso & abogados´ Office Furniture Design, San ago District, RM, San ago - Chile

2011-2012 2011 2009 2008 2005 2004 2000

eritage Urban Renova on Project ´Calle Dieciocho´ Historical protected area, San ago District, RM, San ago - Chile Master Plan ´Casa y Parque de San Ignacio de Quilicura´, Quilicura District, RM, San ago - Chile Historical buildings Na onal Survey for ´Consejo Nacional de la Cultura y las Artes´

2009-2010 2009 2008

andscape Architecture ´Penthouse terraces & pool´, Vitacura District, RM, San ago - Chile ´House swimming pool & surroundings´, Lo Barnechea District, RM, San ago - Chile

H I

2017 2013

ousing ´House FK-09´, House Design, La Reina District, RM, San ago - Chile

2008-2009

nteriorism

F

´Flat 04´ 40m2 Interior Design & refurbishment, Vitacura District, RM, San ago - Chile ´Flat 03´ 30m2 Interior Design & refurbishment, Concón District, V Region - Chile ´Flat 02´ 140m2 Interior Design & refurbishment, Vitacura District, RM, San ago - Chile ´Flat 01´ 55m2 Interior Design & refurbishment, Las Condes District, RM, San ago - Chile ´Puelma-Bull House´ Interior Design, Las Condes District, RM, San ago - Chile

2014 2013 2011 2007 2007

urniture Children bookcase Wooden dining table Wooden + steel + glass living room centre table Concrete dining table

2017 2017 2010 2007

Projects shown in this por olio

3


I take Architecture as a constant reexion and experimenta on of space.

4


C

00 Academic Work - Master Emergent Technologies & Design

O

01 Educa on

AA moments Disserta on: ´Socially Ac ve Space´ A Proposal For Ravine´s Self-Organised Urban Se lements, Valparaíso - Chile.

E - 01 E - 02 E - 03 E - 04

N

E - 05 E - 06

´Denham School´ Primary and Secondary School ´Escuela El Yeco´ Primary School ´Liceo Carlos Alessandri´ Primary and Secondary School ´Centro Innova vo La Puerta de Peñalolén´ Secondary School ´Escuela Luis Gregorio Ossa E-203´Primary School ´Centro Educacional Erasmo Escala Arriagada´ Secondary School

02 Health Care Hth - 01

T

Aesthe c Medicine Centre IME

03 Landscape Architecture L- 01 L- 02

Penthouse stairway & terraces House swimming pool & surrounding areas

04 Housing Ho- 01

E

I - 02 I - 03 I - 04

N

I - 05

F - 02 F - 03 F - 04

T

0

S

7 6

Children bookcase Wooden dining table Concrete dining table Wooden + steel + glass living room centre table

1

Project Stages Developed 5

4

2 3

92- 93 94-103 104-105 106-119 120-131

154-155 156-157 158-159 160-161 162 163

Flat 01 interiorism 55m2 Flat 03 interiorism 30m2 Flat 04 interiorism 40m2 Flat 01 bathroom Flat 03 bathroom

06 Furniture F - 01

28-29 30- 43 44- 49 50- 55 56- 61 62- 77 78- 91

132-133 134-153

´House - FK´

05 Interiorism I - 01

08- 09 10- 11 12- 27

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

164-165 166-167 168 169 170-171

Strategic Defini on Prepara on and Brief Concept Desing Developed Design Technical Design Construc on Handover and Close Out In Use

RIBA (Royal Ins tute of Bri sh Architects) plan of work 5


PROFESIONAL WORK

ACADEMIA

20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08

STUDIES EDUCATION HEALTH

Hth- 01 Hth- 02

oFFICES

O- 01

E- 01 E- 02 E- 03

E- 04

E- 06 E-

E- 05

Hth-03

H

O- 02

O- 03

O- 04

O

LANDSCAPE

ARCHITECTURE

HOUSES INTERIORISM FURNITURE HERITAGE

H

I- 01

I- 02

F- 01

H

professional wor

6


20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 S

- 07

th- 04

E

E- 08

Hth- 05

O- 05

Hth- 06

HTH

O- 06 O- 07

O

O- 08

L- 02

L- 01

HO

HO- 01

2

I- 03 I- 04

F- 02 F- 03 F- 04

HE- 01

L

I- 05

I

I- 06

F- 05 F- 06

HE- 02

F HE

ks & post graduate studies life time

7


8


00 Academic Work - Master Emergent Technologies & Design Architectural Associa on School of Architecture Architectural Associa on Moments Disserta on: ´Socially Ac ve Space´ A Proposal For Ravine´s Self-Organised Urban Se lements, Valparaíso - Chile.

9


AA moments

10


11


´Socially Ac ve Space´ A Proposal For Ravine´s Self-Organised Urban Se lements, Valparaíso - Chile

Fig. 02 OjedadelRio, P. 2017 'Urban Social Dancing & Happiness' [photograph] Valparaíso´s own private collec on. Spontaneous Social gathering in an open space in Valparaiso. The dancing Group 'Swim Valpo' and a music band meet at that point to appeal Social interac on. Loca on: Lautaro Rosas Street in ´Cerro Alegre´ - Valparaíso.

12

Since the Industrial Revolu on, rural to urban migra on and popula on growth, mainly in Europe, has become a challenging scenario for urban organisa on having grown in that period 57%. However, the largest migra on to urban areas in La n America occurred from the fi ies at the 20th C. In 1950, 40 percent of the region's popula on was urban, but by 1990 it was up to 70 percent. Urban centres were not prepared for the sudden high housing demand consequently, the self-organised urban se lements we see today have their origins in that historical scenario. In La n America and the Caribbean region [LAC], 23.5 %—or 113 million people—were living in slums in 2012. Based on the rate of slum growth, the United Na ons es mates that over 160 million households in the LAC region will be living in slums in 2020. [UN-Habitat, 2012b]. Furthermore, it is es mated that by 2050, 90% of the popula on will be in towns and ci es, increasing housing demand to the highest level ever seen. Shortage of formal housing offer for lower income groups has forced them to occupy vacant plots of land to self-build a temporary housing solu on progressively enlarged and improved over me. Although there is a considerable diversity in terms of popula on density between these types of se lements in the region, most share key characteris cs. First, the urbaniza on process has been the result of a high degree of social organiza on without the interven on

of external regula ons and stakeholders. The second aspect to highlight is that the land occupa on and the self-build sheltering occur simultaneously. Third, most of them are located on the city outskirts [Klaufus 2017], being considerably more complex when geographical condi ons such as steep hills add an extra challenge to the planning and provision of housing . Despite the absence of support from professionals and authori es, informal se lements are an example of how communi es’ self-organisa on has been an intui ve path to answer fundamental demands such as the one of housing. However, at certain point of se lements growth management of open space requires external involvement and investment, that could be understood as an opportunity to explore solu ons resul ng from the interchange between communi es' prac cal knowledge of their urban logic and professional and technical aspects from formal organisa ons. As J. Minnery has pointed out, pivotal to improving the social, economic and environmental needs of those living in informal se lements are the policies and strategies of city governments. [Minnery et. al, 2013]. Par cularly from a collabora ve philosophy that approaches the urban environments improvement from the recogni on of cultural values tangibly manifested in their urban organisa on.


One of the most important concerns of dwellers during the process of self-built ´the own house´, is the delimita on of the boundaries of the appropriated land as it will directly affect future possibili es of expanding the dwelling unit. Such concern makes each family seeks individually for the basic need of placing a house for live in. Paradoxically, although the urban space belongs to everybody, most of the me everybody is actually, nobody. Therefore, the tension of the two scales of development increases through the prolifera on process of se lements. It has been noted that an implicit arrangement of how units grow amongst neighbours does exist though appears not to be the main conflict catalyst within clusters. The problem starts when public space, considered spare space, is restricted and diminished by individual needs of dwelling expansions. Over me higher densi es and overcrowded public areas show how a lack of Social Ac ve Spaces nega vely affects communi es’ quality of life. Social inequality is manifested in ci es, amongst other aspects, through urban segrega on and a lack of Social Ac ve Spaces for ci zens to interact in. Within ci es, green areas are not always equitably distributed. Access is o en highly stra fied based on income, ethno-racial characteris cs, age, gender, [dis]ability, and other axes of difference. [Byrne, Wolch & Zhang; McConachie & Shakleton, 2010]. Access to green areas is therefore increasingly recognised as an environmental jus ce issue. [Wolch J., Byrne J., Newell J. 2014]. Consequently,

the promo on of social encounter through urban open spaces should be understood as a fundamental concern in La n American ci es, with 21% of its total popula on living in informal se lements where popula on density and land availability are cri cal factors that strongly impact the urban land distribu on. Based on this data and the importance of the general access to open spaces this thesis aims at proposing a new urban model for informal urban se lements based on the concept of Social Ac ve Space as leading spa al configura ons of the urban order. The success of open spaces depends among other factors on the built environment that shapes them and as well as build the connec ons of those spaces to other areas of the city. Human interac ons are its principle and founda on. Therefore, if open spaces are part of an ac ve network they may strengthen their existence as part of an urban system and not as isolated urban elements. In recent decades, there has been interest in crea ng interconnected open space systems for recrea on or nature conserva on. In the late 1980s´, ´greenways´ became a widely used term to designate citywide or rural-scale open space system [Li le, 1990]. Greenways a empt to link together exis ng open spaces into a public accessible network joined by trails, paths and greenbelts. [Carr 1992]. In light of this, it can be argued that se ng the basis for the emergence of a system of Socially Ac ve Spaces into informal se lements could help to improve their urban quality and the lifestyle that they produce.

13


Pacific Ocean Coast

Fig. 07 Valparaíso´s Informal Urban Se lements distribu on, size of dots is related with the number of families by se lement [see the Legend] Source: Document ‘Catastro 2011: Mapa Social de Campamentos’ resultados generales Housing and Urbanism Ministry.

Legend Alemania Road, boundary between formal and informal areas of the city Administra ve Urban boundary Informal Se lements loca on and group size

14

1 - 40 f

41 - 80 f

81 - 120 f

121 - 160 f

f : families 161 - 200 f inf. set. : informal se lements


Fig. 06 ´Techo´ [2013], Valpariso informal se lements spreading in the upper part of the mountains. The picture shows the extension of the city through informal urban se lements to the upper hills source: h p://www.laotravoz. cl/columna-lov-tras-lareproduccion-socialde-los-campamentos/

15


Informal Se lements Growing Urban Pa erns Ini al pa erns of land occupa on [dots & lines]

Fig. 89 Informal se lements ini al pa erns of land occupa on. Main roads of the formal city cross Alemania Avenue, urban boundary that divides the city into two, the formal and the informal. The pioners of land appropria on followed those traces to maintain connec on with the previous urbanised area.

formal city

Alemania Avenue 100m

urban boundary

327.6540

informal urban se lements forma on

16


First occupa on stage

Second occupa on stage

mo on North to South

mo on North to South + mo on East to West and viceversa

Third occupa on stage mo on north to south + mo on East to West and viceversa Fig. 91 Two direc ons for land appropria on: a. ďŹ rst movement direc on: North to South, b. second movement direc on: East-West.

N W

E S

Fig. 93 Informal se lement´s land occupa on process. Legend Dirt road Paved Road Pedestrian Path Connec on 1st dwellings row to roads Connec on 2nd dwellings row roads to roads First dwelling rows Second, third or more dwelling rows

17


Overlapping Geographical And Urban Program Condi ons

Fig. 184 Jaime´s ravine relief.

eleva on [m] [252m to 210m] [210m to 168m] [168m to 126m] [126m to 84m] [84m to 42m] remapped 2 1 3 4 5 values

N

13%

eleva on

28%

37%

12%

6%

N NW NE [& W] E [& SW] SE orienta on [°] [337.5° to 22.5] [292.5° to 337.5] [22.5° to 67.5] [67.5° to 112.5] [112.5° to 157.5 remapped 2 1 5 4 3 values 13%

0%

[1° to 6.99°]

[7° to 12.99°]

34%

35%

17%

compass orienta on slope [°] remapped values

5

4%

4

12%

[13° to 19.99°]

3

18% 52%

Fig. 188 Eleva on fi est cells synthesis map and remapped values table. Fig. 189 Aspect fi est cells synthesis map and remapped values table. Fig. 190 Slope fi est cells synthesis map and remapped values table.

18

slope gradient

[20° to 26.99°] [27° to 30.99°

2

1

22%

16%


]

Aspect 0 1 2 3 4 5

7° - 13°

1° -7°

20° - 27° 13° - 20°

27° - 31°

31° - 54°

292.5°-337.5°

337.5°-22.5°

67.5°-112.5° 202.5°-247.5° 22.5°-67.5° 247.5°-292.5°

112.5°-157.5°

157.5°-202.5°

168m - 210m

126m -168m

84m - 126m 210m - 252m

42m - 84m

0m- 42m

Elevation 0 1 2 3 4 5

Slope 0 1 2 3 4 5

Fig. 192 Eleva on, aspect and slope urban program strategy.

[42m to 0m]

0

4%

S

5][157.5° to 202.5]

°]

0

1%

[31° to 54°]

0

28%

Fig. 193-a Fi est cells for housing land use. Fig. 193-b Fi est cells for stairways land use. Fig. 193-c Fi est cells for funiculars land use. Fig. 193-d Fi est cells for ´plazas´ land use. Fig. 193-e Fi est cells for ´miradores´ land use. Fig. 193-f Fi est cells for amphitheatre land use.

19


Local Social Networks And Their Influence In The Urban Organisa on UCINET So ware Analyses Ego Social Configura on

Legend, Nuclear family with children Fig. 137 Nuclear family with children diagram describes grafically how informa on is shown

family group parents marriage symbol

Fig. 138 Ego social rela on types defini on by colours and when a colour is added black in the perimeter means that ´alter´lives in the same

06-m-45

+ 12-f-40

08 -m-15

09 -f-12

alter-list number gender age family-children

Fig. 139 Nodes and Ties A ributes descrip on and contact frequency categories

Legend neighbours 1 familial es + neighbours 2 familial ess 3 friendship 4 hobbies 5 educa onal 6 health care 7 occupa onal [collegues, clients, employees]] 8 organisa ons 9

Legend, nodes and es a ributes

Familial

Familial + Neighbrhood

< 30

1/30

4-8/30

Geographical

Neighborhood

ŵŽƟŽŶĂů

30/30

nodes ƟĞƐ contact frequency man woman male female

Family group

Friendship Hobbies

&ƵŶĐƟŶĂů

ĚƵĐĂƟŽŶĂů Healthcare KĐĐƵƉĂƟŽŶĂů KƌŐĂŶŝƐĂƟŽŶƐ

20

KƌŐĂŶŝƐĂƟŽŶĂů group


The social networks analysed are visualised through sociograms and graphs. In terms of graphics representa ons, the Ego-node is represented in black at the centre of the network with the correspondent shape, circle or triangle, depending on its gender. Women nodes are represented by triangles and men nodes by circles. Two major groups were defined: the first group - ´Emo onal Rela onships´ contains four subgroups: Family Neighbours [family living in the same neighbourhood], Family [living outside the neighbourhood], Friendship and Hobby-Partners. The second major group is ´Func onal Rela onships´ which includes Educa onal, Health Care, Occupa onal and Organisa onal categories. Also in this second group, some people from a subgroup have the neighbour condi on. For each Social Group, a specific colour has been assigned as shown in the legend. A third subjacent group dubbed ´Geographical group´ referring to 'living in the same neighbourhood' contains mainly ´Neighbours category´ and ´Family Neighbours category´. However, some others Social Rela on Types such as ´Friendship category´ or ´Organisa on category´ are also included in the ´Geographical group´. As Social Network Analysis is mainly focussed on the overall structure of es, consequently diagrams highlight frequency of contacts between the Ego and its alters into four frequency degrees: 30/30 seeing each other every day, 4-8/30 seeing each other 1 or 2 mes a week, 1/30 seeing each other once a month and finally <30 seeing each other less than once a month. Among each Social Network, smaller groups were iden fied, for instance, ´Family groups´ meaning family members living in the same dwelling, Organisa onal groups, Educa onal

groups and Hobby groups. The size of the nodes has been defined by Centrality Measure ´Nodal Degree´ [d(ni)] that indicates the number of es [connec ons] that are incident on it. Below each node there is a code [number-genderage]. The Ego interviewed is a 20-years-old man with 57 Social Network alters. His nuclear family is composed by his mother [52] and girl-friend [20]. He was born in that urban area where his family arrived 60 years ago. 86.21 % of his Social Network lives in the same neighbourhood composed by [8.62 % Neighbour´s category, 41.38 % Family-neighbour´s category, 13.80 % Friendship category, 8.62 % Hobby Partners category, 6.90 % Educa onal category,1.72 Occupa onal category and finally 5.17 % Organisa on category]. 13.79 % of his alters live outside the neighbourhood. In terms of age-group, 70.69 % of his alters are between 20 and 49 years old. With regard to the use of urban space, the Ego usually meets 44.83 % of his alters in the neighbourhood public spaces, such as the streets and the soccer field [figure 164 page 129]. There is no other possible urban encounter for social interac on in the area. The frequency of his contacts is 63.16% 30/30, 14.04% 4-8/30, 19.30 % 1/30, and finally 3.50 % <30. Most of his social encounters leaving the family apart, due to those being in-doors ac vi es, belong to Friendship category and Neighbour’s category that happen in ´places of the neighbourhood´, as they were previously men oned. The network density at 0.678, is the densest Social Network analysed.

20 years old - male - Ego Social Network

32

+ -m-70 31

-f-70 30 -m-40

17 -m-70

26 -f-43 18-f-65

25 -f-17 27 -f-14

50-m-20

34 -m-28 33 -m-30

+

54-f-21

+

03 -m-26

36 -m-24

+

12-m-32 13 -f-32 01-m-20 08 -f-20

23 -m-35

42 -m-20 41 -m-18

37 -m-25

21 -f-37 22 -m-23

52-m-20 53-m-20

43 -m-20

20 -f-59 24 -m-66

02 -f-52

51-m-20

29 -m-40

35 -m-25

11-m-54 19 -m-53

Fig. 140-d 20 years-old male Sociogram

28 -m-35

38 -m-24

14-m-7 15-f-12 16-f-5

40 -m-20

39 -m-26 46 -m-20

04-f-26 06-f-3

05 -f-25

10 -f-20

09 -f-25+ 55 -m-30

07 -f-08

45 -m-21

44 -m-32

47 -m-25 48 -m-30 56-m-70 58-m-30 57-m-45

49-m-20

21


Design proposal - general view [from sourthern to northern side]

Fig. 227 Proposal general view.

Amphitheatre ´Miradores´

Fig. 213 Fi est ´miradores´ individuals, M type.

Fig. 215 Fi est ´miradores´ individuals, M type.

22


N

´Plazas´

Amphitheatre

Fig. 208-b ´Plazas´ geometry and rota on following slope aspect.

Funiculars

E

Fig. 208-d 2-cells ´Plaza´ perspec ve view. plaza capacity: 294 inhabitants [3.00 m / inh.] Fig. 208-f ´Plazas´aggrega on process - 4 cells, perspec ve view. 588 inhabitants [3.00 m / inh.]

W

Fig. 208-h ´Plazas´ aggregarion process - 6 cells, perspec ve view. plaza capacity: 882 inhabitants [3.00 m / inh.]

S

Networks

Fig. 202 Patch Network genera on diagram [47Ha] Fig. 202-a Socially Ac ve Spaces loca on [green dots] alongside the polygon. Fig. 202-b Dot´s connec on 42m distance. Fig. 202-c Dot´s connec on 63m distance. Fig. 202-d Dot´s connec on 84m distance. Fig. 202-e Dot´s connec on 105m distance. Fig. 202-f Dot´s connec on 126m distance.

23


Housing Genera ve Process

The genera ve process starts with the defini on of a regular grid [21x21] projected on the terrain. The centre point of each cell is the reference point for cell´s interven ons . As each dwelling rotates following the nearest contour line of the terrain, the ini al ortogonal organisa on of the cell adapts to the topography condi ons. Primarily, each cell

is subdivided into four parcels and a centre empty area for developing dwelling´s courtyards. The defini on of a ´body plan´ will set rules of movement and performances for the emergence of the built environment. The 2D and 3D subdivisions a empt to delineate the spa al boundaries within the virtual bounding box. The defini on of movement is

set in rela on to the cell posi on within the grid. For housing experiments, goals are set for a aining environmental be er performances such as maximise solar radia on in the northern façade; increasing interac on between neighbours and increasing interac ons between clusters in Social Ac ve Spaces.

Fig. 197-a Cell grid 21x21 divided into 4 plots for four dwelling occupa on. At the centre an empty space defined as the nearest dwelling open space.

housing court yard

plots 21x21

plot 21x21

overlapped area 1 Fig. 67 Cell´s range of movements. Fig. 68 Cluster four cells a er cell´s rota on.

1

1

1

1

1 1

1

0.5 0.5 0.5

1 1

0.5 1

1

1

1 1

1 ini al state [1x8=8]

24

hypothe cal state a er cell mo on [1x8]+[0.5x4]= 10 an increment of 25% on skin surface area


<

<

<

<

Family structure

+

Dwelling types

T1 - 36m2

individual 01/35

individual 09/35

T2 - 36m2 x 2

iindividual di id l 01/35

individual 04/35

T3 - 45m2

T4 - 63m2

T5 - 81m2

iindividual di id l 01/35

individual 05/35

individual 16/35

individual 03/35

individual 06/35

individual 19/35

197-b Dwelling types, T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 distrubu on. All the cells have the same density however with different family type structures. For that reason it is illustrated two types of ground floor plan, one with T4 and the other with T5. Considering only one big family per cell, either four member family or five member family. 198-a T1 - 36m2- fi est individual dwelling. 198-b T2 -36m2x2- fi est individual dwelling.

individual 12/35

individual 17/35

individual 08/35

individual 16/35

individual 23/35

198-c T3 -45m2- fi est individual dwelling. 198-d T4 -63m2- fi est individual dwelling.

individual 18/35

individual 22/35

individual 13/35

individual 17/35

individual 29/35

198-e T5 -81m2- fi est individual dwelling.

25


Design proposal, Housing and Socially Ac ve Spaces, ´Miradores´.

26


27


28


Professional Work

01 Educa on ´Denham School´ Primary and Secondary School p. 30 - 43 P- 02 ´Escuela El Yeco´ Primary School p. 44 - 49 P- 03 ´Liceo Carlos Alessandri´ Primary and Secondary School p. 50 - 55 P- 04 ´Centro Innova vo La Puerta de Peñalolén´ Secondary School p. 56 - 61 P- 05 ´Escuela Luis Gregorio Ossa E-203´ Primary School p. 62 - 77 ´Centro Educacional Erasmo Escala Arriagada´ Primary and Secondary School p. 78 - 91 P- 01

P- 06

29


30

2010-2011

Denham School

image source: Google Earth


0 7 6

1

Project Stages Developed 5

2 3

4

P-01

1260

Proyect type New Building School Project Loca on ´San Bernardo´ District San ago - Chile - Metropolitan Region La tude 33°38’21.27” S Longitude 70°40’26.87” W Project Funding / Private Fundings Land area / 11,253 m2 Project area / 5,636 m2

31


s

32

t

u

d

y

m

o

d

e

l

s


33


e m p l a c e m e n t

BUIL

34

DIN

G


e n g r e e n g r e

N G L D I B U I

B

a a r e BUIL

f r o o

k d e c

DIN

G A

a a r e

G C

35


36


37


e l e v a t i o n s

BUILDING A

Northern faรงade

BUILDING C

Southern faรงade

38


86.00

BUILDING B

BUILDING C

14.56

BUILDING B

BUILDING A

39


BUILDING A

administra ve area

individual classromm condi on

ďŹ nal term exhibi on

school library

integrated classroom condi on

40


BUILDING B

BUILDING C

roofed school pa o

Groundfloor plan

first floor corridor

Firs loor plan

41


school library

deck area

school observatory

42


second floor corridor

Second floor plan

school dining room

green roof

Third floor plan

43


N

44

2008 - 2009

´Escuela El Yeco´ Primary School

image source: Google Earth


0 7 6

1

Project Stages Developed 5

P-02

2 3

4

720

Proyect type New building school Loca on N°, San Bernardo District San ago - Chile - Metropolitana Region La tude 33°19’5.16”S Longitude 71°38’44.05”W Project Funding / Private fundings Land surface / 4,689 m2 Project surface / 503 m2 Built surface (existent surface + project surface) / 897 m2

45


Smartblocks.co.uk ©

General School Plan

46


Wooden Floor Detail 1

Wooden Floor Detail 2

School Main Corridor Sec on

0.10

47


0.84 1.59 0.75 0.40

5.74 2.95 4.15

3.10

0.15 0.65

48

0.65


North faรงade - Main School Entrance

1.58

2.98 0.70 3.00 0.70

1.30

East faรงade

49


50

2008 - 2009

´Liceo C. Alessandri´ Primary & Secondary School

image source: Google Earth


0 7 6

1

Project Stages Developed 5

P-03

2 3

4

720

Proyect type New building school Loca on Algarrobo District San ago - Chile - V Region La tude 33°22’09.14”S Longitude 71°40’25.05”W Project Funding / Public fundings Land surface / 14,181 m2 Existent built surface / 3,187 m2 Project built surface / 477 m2

51


52


J

I

B

H

A

8 4

5

2 1

ϱйŝŶĐůŝŶĂƟŽŶ

1" 3 6

7 ĞŵƉƚLJƐƉĂĐĞďĞƚǁĞĞŶƌŽŽĨƐ 92C085

10 9

C 150/50/15/3

13

11 0.85

Steel P101 8" w=8MM 0,40 3.00

14 17 19

0,40

0,40

2,75 16

15 ŝŶƚĞƌŝŽƌƐƉĂĐĞ ƐĐŚŽŽůĐůĂƐƐƌŽŽŵƐ

Steel P101 8" w=8MM

0,70

50 E=3MM 2Ø10

18

12

20 21

2Ø10

2Ø10

0.20 0.75 0.55

Steel grid 8 - 20

53


54


55 55


56

2006

´La Puerta de Peñalolén´ Secondary School

image source: Google Earth


0 7 6

1

Project Stages Developed 5

P-04

2 3

4

360

Proyect type Exten on for the exis ng school Loca on Peñalolén District San ago - Chile - Metropolitana Region La tude 33°28’6.91”S Longitude 70°33’36.12”W Project Funding / Educa onal Ministry fundings Land surface / 1,710 m2 Project surface / 508 m2 Built surface (existent surface + project surface) / 733 m2 In use from March 2006

57


58


59


60


32.60 3.00

24.27

6.67 5.86

Ground floor and first floor plan

61


62

2003

´Escuela Luis Gregorio Ossa - 203´ Primary School

image source: Google Earth


0 7 6

1

Project Stages Developed 5

P-05

2 3

4

720

Proyect type New building school Loca on Peñalolén District San ago - Chile - Metropolitana Region La tude 33°28’6.91”S Longitude 70°33’36.12”W Project Funding / Educa onal Ministry fundings Land surface / 1,500 m2 Project Built surface / 1,308 m2 In use from March 2006

63


64


65


66


School Main Entrance

67


N

Ground Level plan

68

First Floor plan


Third Floor plan

Roof plan

69


70


Main entrance faรงade - East orienta on

71


72


73


74


75


76


77


78

2000 - 2001

´Centro Educ. Erasmo Escala Arriagada´ Primary & Secondary School

image source: Google Earth


0 7 6

1

Project Stages Developed 5

P-06

2 3

4

720

Proyect type Exten on for the exis ng school Loca on Peñalolén District San ago - Chile - Metropolitan Region La tude 33°28’6.91”S Longitude 70°33’36.12”W Project Funding / Educa on Ministry fundings Land surface / 6,478 m2 Project Built surface / 1,961 m2 In use from March 2002 Project published on ´Nuevos Espacios Educa vos 2001 – 2003´ (book) Educa on Ministry publica on

79


co n st r u c t ion

80

p roce ss


81


82


83


84


85


86


87


88


89


School Inaug mach

90


gura on day 2002

91


92


02 Health care Hth- 01

Aesthe c Medicine Centre IME p. 94 - 103

93


94

2010

´Aesthe c Medicine Centre IME´

image source: Google Earth


0 7 6

1

Project Stages Developed 5

P-07

2 3

4

10

Proyect type Aesthe c Medicine Centre INE, Loca on Av. La Dehesa Lo Barnechea District San ago - Chile - Metropolitan Region La tude 33°21’38.75”S Longitude 70°30’54.43”W Project Funding / Private fundings Project surface / 86 m2

95


Fourth ďŹ&#x201A;oor general plan

96


0.15

Aesthe c Medical Centre ďŹ&#x201A;oor plan

97


98


99


100


101


102


103


104


05 Landscape Architecture L - 01 L - 02

´Stairway & Terrace penthouse´ ´House Swimming pool & Surrounding areas´

p. 106 - 119 p. 120 - 131

105


106

2017

Stairway & terrace Penthouse´

image source: Google Earth


0 7 6

1

Project Stages Developed 5

P-08

2 3

4

100

Proyect type Terraces development, steel stairway Loca on Vitacura District San ago - Chile - Metropolitan Region La tude 33°23’40.67”S Longitude 70°33’48.95”W Project Funding / Private fundings Project surface / 120 m2

107


Penthouse Terraces Area

Terrace 1 area

10

7

11

12 12.60

Green area 7.33

Jacuzzi 213x213x93

Deck area

16.25

10.35

I

K

19 181716

1

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 101112131415

Terrace area

108

13

15

16


109


Technical Drawings

8.00 7.50 1.00

12.00 11.00 28.00

1.00

8.00 7.50

step plan

step front eleva on

concrete wall

2.00

12.00

12.00

step sec on

2.00

pernos anclaje 10mm o

3.00 1.00

placa acero 10 mm esp. 280x1000x10 cajón metálico 300xVARx4

1.50

10.50

4.00 5.00 17.50

plancha 280x175x8 baranda metalica soldada a PL y a parte superior de cajon met.

13.50 8.50

2.50

8.00

12.00 23.00 28.00

8.00

28.00 12.00

2.00

bolts 10mm pernosanchor anclaje 10mm oØ plate thick placasteel acero 1010mm mm esp. 280x1000x10 280x1000x10 metalic drawer 300xVARx4 300xVARX4 cajón metálico steel plate 280x175x8 plancha 280x175x8

elevación lateral peldaño 1.00 5.00 2.00

100.00 102.80

12.00 15.00

110

3.50 23.00 12.00 28.00

concrete muro HA wall

10.00 5.00

4.00

10.00 17.50

2.00 8.00

2.00 0.80

3.00 1.00

13.50

2.50

step side eleva on

2.00

13.50

steel plate 280x175x8 plancha 280x175x8 2.50

12.00

2.00

2.50 8.00


stairway eleva on

2.66

111


Technical Drawings

front step eleva on detail elevación frontal peldaño 1 13.50

2.00

pernos anchoranclaje bolts 10mm 10mmo Ø

13.50

13.50

13.50

Detalle peldaño unión puente metálico con entablado terraza este peldaño sigue la misma lógica de materiales del entablado de la terraza, tanto en su estructura como en sus terminaciones

2.00 2.00

10mm thick plate placa acero 10steel mm esp. 580x1000x10 580x1000x10 cajón metálico 530xVARx4 metalic drawer 530xVARX4 8mm thick steel plate plancha 580x175x8 580x175x8

3.00 1.00

13.50 10.00

17.50

53.00

2.50 8.00

14.00

14.00

160.00

2.00 2.50

4 steel drawers support 120 12.00 4 cajones metalicos 120x230mm soldad welded between them

7.00

17.00 2.00

p

2.50

100.00

3.50

8.00 20.00

2.00

140.00

2.50 14.00

8.00

17.00

58.00

5.00

29.33

29.34 88.00

20.00 29.33

5.00 2.50 43.00

4 square steel pilars for dra

4 pilares como soporte de cajon 3´x3´x3mm / welded to ste soldados a placa de anclaje anc

concrete muro HA wall

80.50

elevación lateral peldaño

6.00

12.00 7.50

side step eleva on 1.00 5.00

25.50

10.00 2.00

5.00

15.00 2.00 0.80

100.00 102.80

12.00 15.00

112

p

anchored to concrete slab


4 steel drawers eleva on detail

parte superior muro eje y por eso en este caso se propone retorno de placa sobre parte superior muro

´y´ axis

287.00 perforación ci

circular drilling of the steel plate perforación circular de plancha metalica para dejar espacio tuerca

160.00

21.60

landing descanso

21.60 2.50

0x230mm dos entre si

5.50 12.00 5.505.50 12.00 5.505.50 12.00 5.505.50 12.00 5.50

eje y

´y´ axis eje y

8.00

7.00

12.00

2.50

8.00 20.00

8.00 20.00

8.00 8.00 20.00

140.00

A LA ESPERA DE VISTO BUENO CALCULO

43.00

73.00

awer support nes 3'x3'x3mm eel plate clada a losa

4 steel drawers support 120x230mm 4 cajones metalicos 120x230mm soldados entre si welded between them

73.00

pe in L O

pernos HAS10mm O 10mm (?) 115mm HAS bolts Ø 115mm inyectadoswith con HIT-RE injected HIT-RE 500 500V3 V3 L perfL==10mm perf. 10mm O perfØ= =1/2" perf. 1/2”

17.50

´z´ axis

1.00 6.20 10.00

17.50

10.00 20.00

eje z

la placa superior por el costado sur no podría tener una altura de 88mm porque se toparía con la placa del peldaño 14 * se propone que la varilla de 10 mm se pase a 50mm de parte sup. viga HA en vez de 60mm

15

16.60

5.00 7.53 8.806.00 8.73 5.00 12.50 1.27 4.50 10.00 15.00 17.50

10.00 20.00

distancia perforación posible para coincidir con dist. de resto escalera (50mm desde parte sup. viga eje z) distancia propuesta por cálculo (60 mm desde parte sup. viga eje z)

17.73

14 13

plates 230x175x8 PLSteel 230X175X8 UNA LADO OTRA oneALnext to DE theLA next one soldadas sí weldedentre betweem them

PL UN so

Intermediate descanso landing

12

17.73

17.73

258.00 17.73

11

113


114


115


116


117


118


119


120

2013

House swimming pool & surrounding areas ´

image source: Google Earth


0 7 6

1

Project Stages Developed 5

P-09

2 3

4

6

Proyect type Design & Construc on of surrounding areas for existent house Loca on Lo Barnechea District San ago - Chile - Región Metropolitana La tude 33°19’50.57” Longitude 33°19’50.57” Project Funding / Private fundings Land surface / 420 m2 Project surface / 264 m2 In use from March 2013

121


122


123


124


125


126


127


128


129


130


131


132


03 Housing Ho - 01

´FK House´private house p. 134 - 143

133


134

2009

House - FK

image source: Google Earth


0 7 6

1

Project Stages Developed 5

P-10

2 3

4

+

03

Proyect type Childless couple + Re red elder woman, Loca on ´La Reina´ District San ago - Chile - Metropolitan Region La tude 33°26’49.85”S Longitude 70°33’38.20”W Project Funding / Private fundings Land surface / 408 m2 Project surface / 178 m2 [109 m2 (ground floor) + 69m2 (first floor)]

135


emplacement

136


roof plan

A

A-1

B

B-2

C

C-1

D

1-2

1-2 1-1

1-1

1

1

2

2

3

3 3-1 3-2 A-1

A´

B-2

A

B

C-1

C

D

137


ground floor plan

A

C

B

B

C

D

C-2

C-1

y

x A

D FG

E

1-2

1-2 H

H

C-2

1

1

A´ I

I

2

2 B-1

J

B-2

J

3

3 3-1 A

B

C

B-1

A

north facing façade

138

3-1

B

FG

E

D

B-2

3-2 C-1

C

3-2 D´

D

east facing façade


first floor plan

A A´

A-1 A

B-1 B

C

D

C

B B-2

D

C-1 FG

E

1-2

1-2 1-1

1-1 H

H

1

1

I

I

2

2 J

J

A-1

2-1

3

3 3-1 B

A

C

B-1

A

south facing façade

3-1

D

B

FG

E B-2

C-1

C

D

west facing façade

139


s

t

southeastern facing faรงade

140

u

d

southern facing faรงade

y

western facing


m

faรงade

o

d

northwestern facing faรงade

e

l

s

northeastern facing faรงade

141


142


143


144


145


146


147


148


149


150


151


152


153


154


06 Interiorism I-01 I-01 I-01 I-01 I-01

´Flat 01 interiorism 55m2´ ´Flat 02 interiorism 30m2´ ´Jaramillo Flat Kitchene e´ ´Las Condes Flat Bathroom ´ ´Higuerillas Flat Bathroom ´

p. 146 -147 p. 148 -149 p. 150 -151 p. 152 p. 153

155


P-11

156


157


P-12

158


159


P-13

160


161


P-14

162


P-15

163


164


07 Furniture F - 01 Children bookcase F - 02 Wooden dining table F - 03 Concrete dining table F - 04 Wooden + steel + glass living room centre table

p. 156 - 157 p. 158 p. 159 p. 160 - 161

165


P-16

children bookcase

166


167


P-17

wooden dining table

168


P-18

concrete dining table

169


P-19

wooden + steel + glass living room table

170


171

Patricia Ojeda del Rio - P O R T F O L I O  

Architectural Portfolio - Chilean Architect

Patricia Ojeda del Rio - P O R T F O L I O  

Architectural Portfolio - Chilean Architect