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ANNUAL

REPORT 2019


table of

CONTENTS

Education.............................................. pg. 6 Giving..................................................... pg. 16 Research................................................. pg. 18 Economic Development.................... pg. 30 CAR Champions.................................. pg. 32 Collaborating Faculty........................ pg. 34


A Message from the Director Mission Statement The mission of the Center for Automotive Research is to provide world-class education for the next generation of automotive industry leaders, through on-campus learning and continuous professional development; serve as a catalyst for innovation in automotive technology through collaborative, interdisciplinary research; and support economic development, regionally and nationally.

It is a time of change for the automotive industry. The rapid growth of connectivity and automation, the current debate about internal combustion engines, the increasing penetration of battery electric vehicles and the quest for low-carbon and carbon-free energy transportation sources all make for very dynamic and interesting times. The automotive industry is working hard to adapt to this wave of change and to think of mobility as a holistic process.

Automotive makers worldwide have announced plans to reduce investments in internal combustion engine research and development, while expanding programs related to electrification of vehicle propulsion systems. Similarly connectivity and automated driving are seeing a growing investment on the part of all major auto makers and suppliers, including partnerships with non-traditional information technology sector companies to develop autonomous vehicle technologies. CAR is rapidly adapting to many of these changes. In many ways it has not been difficult for CAR to position itself to be ready for changes because CAR faculty, students and research staff have been engaged CAR Director, Giorgio Rizzoni in research and education related to vehicle automation and connectivity and vehicle electrification for over 20 years. So, from a knowledge perspective, we are ready. What is changing as rapidly as the technology are the engagement models through which a university can partner with industry. The good news is, we’re always open to exploring new ways to build meaningful partnerships to advance the education of the new workforce and to explore innovative ideas. CAR is adapting in an effective way. On one hand, by changing the spectrum of its collaborations across campus, seeing a greater number of partnerships with faculty who are engaged in topics like cybersecurity, machine learning, artificial intelligence, traffic and transportation systems, and travel behavior; on the other, by dynamically creating new partnerships with industry and with government agencies. One of the great strengths of The Ohio State University continues to be the breadth of its excellence. We are keeping pace with the dynamic changes that are taking place in the automotive industry and are striving to develop a new workforce that is well prepared for the future, through projects and research programs, and through the evolution of our graduate course offerings.

OVERVIEW

3


What is TREP?

CAR Overview

Transportation Research Endowment Program The Transportation Research Endowment Program (TREP) was established as a result of an endowment made by Honda of America Manufacturing Inc. (HAM) following the sale of the Transportation Research Center (TRC) by the State of Ohio to HAM in 1988. Additional endowments have resulted from annual surpluses from continuing operation of TRC by The Ohio State University Engineering Research Office. According to the terms of the endowment, the income from TREP is to be used by the College of Engineering for the support and encouragement of research by The Ohio State University in automotive, vehicular and related forms of transportation, and for the development of improved highway facilities for vehicular traffic. The College of Engineering has dedicated a portion of the TREP endowment to support operations of college research centers, including CAR, as well as invest in student motorsports projects.

OUR TEAM

35

visiting scholars

43

research and administrative staff

College of Engineering

70%

21

Engineering Services

9%

Other

%

EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING

7

10 on-site labs

45

miles to TRC: North America’s largest proving ground

OVERVIEW

CAR-affilliated faculty

OPERATING BUDGET - $ 1.9M annually

vehicle project teams

4

49

RESEARCH

STUDENTS

Total:

178

11.3M

$

students in 2019

Industry: $ 4.2M A 19% increase from 2018

Federal: $ 5.6M State: $ 1.4M

MEMBERSHIP CONSORTIUM

15

SERVICES Engineering Services ›› Emissions testing ›› Battery testing ›› Powertrain performance

consortium members

80

percent of funds invested in exploratory research grants

39

students actively engaged in exploratory research projects

Distance Education ›› Summer school ›› Seminars ›› Certificate programs

952K in expenditures $

OVERVIEW

5


EDUCATION

STUDENTS

Student Performance

84

MOTORSPORTS Baja Buckeyes • Buckeye Current • EcoCAR Venturi Buckeye Bullet • Formula Buckeyes Supermileage • Underwater Robotics Sponsorship: 43% ACTIVITY: $0.6M

Other: 38% TREP: 19%

UNDERGRADUATES AND GRADUATES

62 116

35 13

undergraduate students

female

graduate students

CAR students at

8

94

international

77

graduate and PhD students have graduated over the past 5 years prepared and ready to enter the workforce

CAMP CAR

different countries

INTERNSHIPS

10

domestic

different partner organizations

Cummins • Delphi • FCA • FEV • Ford • TuSimple • Samsung • Nagoya University

Educated 20 high school students about automotive engineering and mobility

CAR INTERNSHIP PROGRAM Mentored 13 high school and college students in different areas of automotive engineering

EDUCATION

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Motorsports Ohio State Places First in the EcoCAR Mobility Challenge Year One Competition The Ohio State University EcoCAR team won first place in the EcoCAR Mobility Challenge Year One Competition. This is the sixth consecutive year that Ohio State won an Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition. The event marks the culmination of the first academic year of the EcoCAR Mobility Challenge, which has challenged 12 North American university teams to reengineer a 2019 Chevrolet Blazer utilizing electrification, advanced propulsion systems and SAE Level 2 automation to improve the energy efficiency, safety and consumer appeal of their vehicle for the carsharing market. The competition is headline sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, General Motors and Mathworks, and managed by Argonne National Laboratory. At the Year One Competition – which occurred May 19 through May 22 in Atlanta – each team presented their designs and simulation models to government and industry judges. Ohio State EcoCAR scored 887 out of 1,000 points. In addition to the first-place overall finish, the team also won eight other awards including first place for its final technical report, its target market presentation, and its controls, systems modeling and simulation presentation. The team earned $20,750 to support the university’s advanced vehicle technology program.

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EDUCATION

“These students have been an inspiration in their hard work, dedication and optimism,” said Shawn Midlam-Mohler, Ohio State EcoCAR’s faculty adviser. “Facing a very challenging competition and high expectations, the team put everything they could into their deliverables and presentations. I am incredibly proud of their success and the success of all the students in the AVTC program.” This year, the team was especially proud of its architecture selection process that led to first place finishes in the final technical report and the controls, systems modeling and simulation presentation. “It took a lot of hard work and a lot of late nights,” Kristina Kuwabara, one of Ohio State EcoCAR’s controls, systems modeling and simulation team leaders, said. “We are proud of the process and the results of this year, but we are even more excited to implement our design next year.” “I am immensely proud of my team and the friends I’ve come to rely on throughout the past year,” Simon Trask, Ohio State EcoCAR’s engineering manager, said. “My teammates balance academics, extracurriculars, EcoCAR and their personal lives, yet they still manage to excel in every aspect and retain a passion for the challenging program. Our team members have dedicated every effort to our success in the Year One Competition.” The team is supported by Ohio State’s Center for Automotive Research, Sustainability Institute and Simulation, Innovation and Modeling Center, as well as Smart@OhioState. Additional supporters include the Ohio State College of Engineering and the Departments of Mechanical Engineering, Integrated Systems Engineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering. Dozens of industry sponsors also pave the way for the students’ successful efforts.

EDUCATION

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Team Highlights

Buckeye Current

Formula Buckeyes

The team is in the process of engineering an entirely new bike and has its sights set on competing at Isle of Man in 2020.

With a top five finish in autocross at FSAE North, the Formula Buckeyes team is excited and very anxious to start their next build for the 2020 competitions.

Supermileage Supermileage aims to achieve over 3000mpg with their vehicle by implementing an optimized engine in a custom-built single seat chassis.

EcoCAR The Ohio State EcoCAR team won first place in the EcoCAR Mobility Challenge Year One Competition. This is the sixth consecutive year that Ohio State won an Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition.

Baja Buckeyes In Baja racing, the lighter the vehicle the better! Over the past two years the team has been able to drop 100lbs of weight from its vehicle.

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EDUCATION

Underwater Robotics The Underwater Robotics team continues to improve their electrical, mechanical and control systems in order to lock in a place in the finals with their autonomous underwater vehicle at RoboSub 2020.

Venturi Buckeye Bullet 3 (VBB3) The VBB3 team has been visiting locations around the world and evaluating other racing surfaces that will allow them to achieve their 400mph goal.

EDUCATION

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Distance Education Industry and Academia Come Together at Inaugural Summer School in Advanced Mobility More than 25 individuals from both industry and academia had the opportunity to learn from each other at the inaugural Summer School in Advanced Mobility, May 6-8, 2019. This three-day program provided a high-level overview of topics related to automotive mobility, including electrification and storage, connected and autonomous vehicles and multi-modal transportation and security, all taught by Ohio State faculty experts. “With the proliferation of sensing, communication, control, electrification and automation technologies, the boundaries among the various services and automotive aspects of transportation are blurring,” said Rabi Mishalani, Mobility School presenter and professor in the Department of Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering. “As a result, it is essential that practitioners in all aspects of transportation, spannng all levels of government, consulting and industry, be aware of the aspects of transportation that are not within the immediate scope of

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their expertise. Our intensive three-day summer course serves this increasingly important continuing education need.” In addition to classroom learning, students had the unique opportunity to visit state-of-the-art facilities for electric and autonomous vehicles R&D, including Ohio State’s Center for Automotive Research and the new SMARTCenter at the Transportation Research Center, which gave participants an even more thorough understanding of the work currently taking place around mobility. “The Ohio State Summer School in Advanced Mobility provided an opportunity to expand understanding of this rapidly evolving automotive space,” said Jonathan Bridges, JobsOhio director of automotive. “Ohio is poised to lead in smart mobility due to assets such as the Transportation Research Center, Smart Columbus and educational opportunities such as this, which generates talent that can positively impact transportation safety and efficiency on a global scale.”

Something for Everyone CAR’s Continuing Education Program helps industry partners address critical training gaps with relevant, customized content and flexible delivery options. Drawing on its research expertise, CAR offers quality credit and non-credit courses and seminars in the following specialized areas: ›› Advanced Propulsion ›› Electromobility ›› Powertrain Dynamics and Control ›› Noise, Vibration and Harshness (NVH) The fast pace of technological development in the automotive industry necessitates ongoing education to keep the workforce competitive, efficient and effective. CAR’s portfolio of continuing education courses provides a la carte educational options without the commitment and expense of a degree program.

Whether you have an upcoming project that requires a specialized skill set for your engineers or need a high-level overview of advances in the automotive industry, CAR offers the following to meet your specific needs: ›› C  redit courses – 10 graduate level credit courses in advanced propulsion, powertrain, dynamic systems, autonomous vehicles and NVH ›› Non-credit short courses – customized content delivered live at CAR or onsite ›› Non-credit seminars – prerecorded self-paced seminars on topics such as systems dynamics, Matlab, signals and systems for control, automotive HVAC, lightweight design fundamentals and SIL-HIL for control ›› Certificates – a year-long specialized focus consisting of two graduate credit courses and 2-3 non-credit short courses in advanced propulsion, powertrain and NVH that can be customized to meet training gaps CAR’s commitment to providing high quality continuing education to industry partners translates to 5 or 10 free seats in non-credit pre-recorded seminars for gold and platinum consortia members. To learn more about our distance education opportunities, including the 2020 Summer School, contact Distance Education Manager Marianne Weber at weber.305@osu.edu or visit go.osu.edu/CARContinuingEd.

EDUCATION

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Over the past year, CAR has shared our passion for automotive engineering with more than 1,600 individuals through tours, camps, internships and outreach events. Student Interns Over the summer, 10 students from the Center for Automotive Research enhanced their education while gaining real-world experience as interns at eight different partner organizations. Cummins: Kriti Gena Delphi: Shreshta Rajakumar Deshpande, Zhaoxuan (Joshua) Zhu

Camp CAR The Center for Automotive Research provided a unique STEM experience for 20 high school students this summer at Camp CAR, a week long summer day camp intended to educate students 14-18 years old on various aspects of engineering, including automotive, simulation and manufacturing.

COSI The Center for Automotive Research participated in the inaugural COSI Science Festival’s Big Science Celebration by teaching attendees about various vehicle sensors and providing the unique opportunity to see themselves on a 3D camera!

Samsung: Mayur Patil Nagoya University: Linda Capito Ruiz

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EDUCATION

Internship Program If you stopped by CAR this summer, you likely saw some new faces. Eleven high school and college interns spent their summer here, working with faculty and researchers, gaining experience in automotive engineering.

In summer 2018, he started working as a research assistant at CAR for a DC fast-charging station project. The project focuses on electric vehicle battery management using a controller area network, commonly referred to as a CAN bus. Every modern vehicle relies on a CAN bus. The system uses a series of computers called controllers to monitor and manage the vehicle’s components. In an electric vehicle, the system is also used to monitor the batteries’ charge state, health and other diagnostics. Rhamy wondered how he could implement a similar CAN protocol in the Baja Buckeyes’ vehicle. “Initially starting the project was the most challenging,” Rhamy said. “There were so many different routes to take, but once I got the ball rolling, it became a lot easier to put the pieces together.”

FEV: Shobhit Gupta

TuSimple: Tong Zhao

There are few things more rewarding than applying what you’ve learned to something you’re passionate about. That’s exactly what Ezekiel Rhamy did as a Baja Buckeyes team leader and research assistant at The Ohio State University’s Center for Automotive Research (CAR). Rhamy joined Baja Buckeyes in 2016. Baja Buckeyes participates in the international Baja SAE competition, during which teams build their own all-terrain vehicle prototypes and race them around a muddy, rutted and flooded track to prove which one is the fastest and most reliable. Shortly after joining the team, Rhamy became the head electrical engineer.

FCA: Rouchen Yang

Ford: Mustafa Ridvan Cantas, Christian Rostiti

RESEARCH ASSISTANT BRINGS NEW TECHNOLOGY TO BAJA BUCKEYES

WestFest For the third year in a row, the Center for Automotive Research offered tours of our research labs and student projects garage as part of WestFest, a free public event showcasing sustainability and outreach at The Ohio State University and beyond!

Although Rhamy graduated in December 2018 and concluded his work with Baja Buckeyes after the 2019 Baja SAE Rochester competition in June, he knows that the system gives future members a great platform to build upon. In the future, Rhamy hopes the team implements an automatic data acquisition system that uploads and graphs data to a website. “It’s very rewarding to see the project most of the way through,” Rhamy said. “Beforehand, the data acquisition aspect was nonexistent. As the only electrical engineering member on the team for the past three years, I’ve been able to build this system from the ground up.”

EZEKIEL

After putting those pieces together, the Baja Buckeyes’ vehicle had a prototype CAN bus system. The system gave the team access to a wide variety of diagnostics, such as an accelerometer to measure the forces that the vehicle experiences over bumps, and an infrared thermometer to measure the temperature of the engine’s auxiliary drive belt. The new diagnostic capabilities will allow the team to proactively design for certain conditions that the vehicle might encounter. Being a prototype, the system isn’t perfect. Although the team implemented a CAN bus that spans the entire system, it needs to refine it to make sure each of the sensors give accurate feedback. However, that doesn’t discourage Rhamy. “It isn’t necessarily about seeing the end goal,” Rhamy said. “It’s more about what you learn along the way.”

EDUCATION

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GIVING

Experiential Learning at its Best Since 1995, The Ohio State University Center for Automotive Research (CAR) has been the home away from home for thousands of students – mostly Buckeye engineers – diligently working on team projects. And not just any projects. Hosted and supported by CAR, seven teams of Buckeyes – around 300 students each year – compete at the highest levels of mobility engineering and design.

More Students, More Teams = More Talent Mobility and transportation companies are facing a talent shortage in a rapidly changing technology environment. The good news is that CAR’s worldclass faculty and innovative programs prepare the tech-savvy, young talent these companies seek. Unfortunately, space and resources don’t enable CAR to satisfy demand. With College of Engineering and university leadership, CAR has embarked on a plan to expand student team facilities, and as a result, expand the talent pool for industry. The new CAR Team Works will: ›› M  odernize, customize and increase workspace for more students to participate, learn and excel in an integrated, team-centric environment ›› E  xpand technical staff, training and support of students ›› O  ffer the perfect fit for student, faculty and industry partner collaboration instead of a retrofit solution ›› F  eature technology to enhance team communication and collaboration with industry sponsors and mentors

›› H  ost more industry workshops and recruitment events ›› Increase K-12 STEM awareness and education offerings – from tours and field trips to camps and internships – especially for underserved populations ›› R  ev up a mobility talent engine in an ideal Midwest geographic location ›› F  ree up current team workshop space to be repurposed for expanded research in vehicle autonomy, connectivity, electrification and cyber security

Invest in the Best We invite both companies with talent needs and alumni with Buckeye passion to consider a gift to help us imagine and build CAR Team Works. With your support, we will create a facility that builds on the tradition of CAR student team excellence, while accelerating our development of the next generation of mobility innovators.

GIVING

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RESEARCH

Leading the Way to Functional Safety and Cyber Security When it comes to automobile design, safety is always paramount. But how do researchers ensure cars are as safe as possible, despite myriad hardware and software electronic functions that could potentially malfunction? Ohio State’s Center for Automotive Research (CAR) is leading the way in the area known as functional safety – defined as “absence of unreasonable risk associated with each hazard event caused by the malfunction in the electric or electronic system” by the International Organization for Standardization, which set the standard for functional safety that is used by automakers worldwide. “Say you’re performing a function such as steering,” said Giorgio Rizzoni, PhD, director of CAR. “We want the vehicle to be functionally safe in the event of a failure of some component of the steering system, so that you can still steer safely and minimize risk to the user.” Functional safety is not zero risk, he emphasizes – but the absence of unreasonable risk associated with hazard events. “We want to diagnose a problem before it happens, and we want to have a fault tolerant control strategy. In the event of a fault, we want the controller to go to a safe place,” said Rizzoni. With the increasing level of vehicle automation, which is dependent on electronic hardware and software, functional safety has become even more critical. While automated vehicles present many advantages, they are more vulnerable to factors such as changes in weather and also lack the benefit of human drivers’ five senses and real-world experience. Further, the

computer control systems that enable these functions are also subject to potential cyberattacks, requiring security measures against such threats. Ohio State’s CAR-affiliated researchers are hard at work toward solutions, partnering with major automakers and winning grants from sources like NHTSA and the U.S. Department of Energy for their functional safety work. The following profiles provide snapshots into CAR’s expertise in functional safety.

Simulating Safety in a Virtual Environment As director of Ohio State’s Simulation Innovation and Modeling Center (SIMCenter), Shawn Midlam-Mohler, PhD, has a unique perspective on vehicle safety testing. “We evaluate the safety of the system from a design perspective,” said Midlam-Mohler. “We’re trying to understand what kind of failure modes could exist for this design, and how we can alleviate those failure modes through design changes.” The associate professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering and CAR-affiliated faculty member and his team use industry practices to do software verification validation. “We’re using models of the vehicle and a computer to run various scenarios we encounter in the real world that can cause problems for our software. This virtual environment allows us to evaluate potentially dangerous test cases safely,” said Midlam-Mohler. Now that those techniques are fairly well understood on the powertrain side of things, Midlam-Mohler is turning his attention to automated vehicles. It’s a critical function, given the enormous amount of testing that needs to happen before an autonomous vehicle may be declared safe. “There needs to be a very strong virtual component to complement the testing

you do physically. We’re talking about millions of miles of testing, and it’s not practical from an economic perspective to do all physical tests.” Another big challenge? Creating a virtual world that puts autonomous vehicles through accurate tests. “We don’t have the right fidelity level yet,” said Midlam-Mohler. “We can’t create the physical world with 100 percent realism. That’s what my group is working on right now at SIMCenter and CAR. We’re hoping to put the tools and approaches out there so that we can have safe autonomous vehicles.”

This virtual environment allows us to evaluate potentially dangerous test cases safely.”

Diagnosing Faults Early to Promote Safety Through his decades-long career, CAR Director Giorgio Rizzoni’s research has centered on this critical question: How do you diagnose faults in automotive electronics in a systematic way, so that the engineers who design these functions can have confidence that they have considered all the possibilities that may affect the functional safety of the vehicle? From the mid-1980s when Rizzoni first started diagnosing auto electronics to the late 1990s/early

2000s when he began diagnosis of brake- and steer-by-wire systems, to more recent work on unintended acceleration and automated vehicles – he has deep experience in the functional safety sphere. Said Rizzoni, “To achieve functional safety and security, one needs to have a systematic approach to conduct diagnostic tests in the vehicle, but also to think about how the result of diagnostic tests can be used to reconfigure the control systems to provide the intended level of safety.” In his U.S. Department of Energy-funded research on preventing unintended acceleration in electrified powertrains, for example, Rizzoni and his team of graduate students conducted testing to detect faults in electronics systems that could potentially cause vehicles to accelerate on their own. From faulty commands from the accelerator pedal to the computer that opens the throttle, to transmission malfunctions that could cause a vehicle to reverse while stopped at a light, to faulty behavior of the electric drive system, “You can imagine the number of things that could go wrong,” notes Rizzoni. To diagnose the potential problems, data collected in testing is fed through computer models of the system. “If my models predict something that is different from what is actually happening, this is the starting point for us; it raises a red flag,” says Rizzoni. “The important thing is diagnosis: determining what fault has taken place, and how you can correct it and fix it to operate safely in spite of the presence of that fault.” Next up for Rizzoni? Diagnosing faults in vehicles that have a substantial degree of autonomy, such as shuttles that will operate autonomously. “Before we put on any passengers, can we do diagnostics to make sure everything related to the brakes, chassis, steering and handling can help us guarantee the vehicle is safe to operate? That’s what we’re working on now.”

New Lab Fends Off Cyber Attacks CAR’s vehicle cyber security lab, run by Research Scientist Qadeer Ahmed, PhD, is the latest addition to CAR’s capabilities in this area, and already it’s gaining traction. That’s because the lab is working to address critical cyber threats to vehicle safety that are not yet well understood, such as how cyberattacks can affect powertrains’ safety, fuel economy and more. Ahmed and an interdisciplinary team including one PhD student, one master’s student and six undergraduates are working on threat assessment and risk analysis – creating software and simulation tools to understand the threats posed and the risks associated with those threats. For example, said Ahmed, when an electric vehicle is

RESEARCH

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Safe: Functional safety for passengers, pedestrians and other vehicles. Secure: Preventing cyber attacks on software, hardware and communicaiton networks.

charging there are potential safety issues. If a hacker were to alter the upper limit of the battery’s maximum permitted voltage, the battery could easily catch fire.

“We’re looking at this from a hacker’s point of view,” said Lin, who came to Ohio State last year from the University of Texas at Dallas. “We are academic hackers and we look for weaknesses in the vehicles and then fix them before being exploited.”

Autonomous vehicles are especially vulnerable to cyber threats. Hackers could change the vehicles’ controls that maintain safe distances during lane changes, obstacle avoidance or parallel parking– potentially leading to major safety hazards. The challenges with fleet vehicles, which share tremendous amounts of information through the cloud, are also very serious. With billions of dollars of freight on the line, as well as safety of drivers and those they share the roads with, there is a huge need for CAR’s lab to lead the way to functional safety.

Along with a computer science and engineering PhD student, and undergraduate and external collaborators, Lin is working with software that impacts functional safety including apps from mobile phones. “Our objective right now is developing automatic tools to analyze the software that communicates with the vehicles, and understand how attackers or hackers could compromise the software to further damage the vehicles,” said Lin, whose research is funded by the National Science Foundation and U.S. Department of Defense. Currently his work focuses on the apps and software running in human-driven vehicles, but he hopes to one day have the bandwidth to work on safety in autonomous vehicles as well.

“There are a lot of challenges in these areas, and at this point industry is looking at how to validate the cyber secured solutions,” said Ahmed. “At CAR we have great strength in cyber security and understand from the diagnostics point of view what can happen. There is a lot of opportunity for Ohio State to make a difference in this area.”

Thinking like a Hacker to Prevent Cyber Threats Zhiqiang Lin, PhD, is not a hacker, but he has to think like one. The associate professor of computer science and engineering and CAR-affiliated faculty member is looking at computer security in vehicles–specifically how hackers can gain control of vehicles by analyzing the software running in our cars and phones – and that requires him to think like one of the bad guys.

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It’s a never-ending battle – but one he doesn’t tire of. “It’s always an arms race between hackers and defenders. My objective is always about going ahead of the hackers, uncovering the weaknesses of computer systems and proposing defenses. It’s our lifelong journey and we’re constantly evolving,” said Lin. “I keep telling my students, ‘One hundred years from now we’ll still be talking about cyber security.’ While each specific attack might be different, they have the same nature – exploiting the vulnerabilities in the computer systems as well as human beings. When vehicles are all connected, it is a huge challenge for security.”

We’re looking at this from a hacker’s point of view. We are academic hackers and we look for weaknesses in the vehicles and then fix them before being exploited.”

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Ohio State a Lead Partner on NASA ULI Project The Ohio State University, along with Georgia Tech, University of North Carolina, A&T State University, University of Maryland and University of Wisconsin, were selected to participate in the $10M, five year, NASA University Leadership Initiative (ULI) “Electric Propulsion: Challenges and Opportunities” Project. The project addresses the “Transition to Low-Carbon Propulsion” strategic thrust, specifically the introduction of hybrid-electric propulsion in the commercial aircraft fleet. A team of experts tackle the significant technical challenges related to this goal, including development of ultra-high power density electric machines and high-voltage power electronics; design and integration of electrochemical energy storage; advanced control of onboard electrical power systems; system integration; and electric aircraft research infrastructure. CAR’s role is to lead the design and demonstration of a high performance battery energy storage system integrated within the aircraft, which embeds redundancy and fault-tolerant functionalities, including software and hardware solutions that will provide flexibility, modularity, self-diagnosis and self-reconfiguration capabilities to the system. “With more than 20 years of experience working to understand of hybrid-electric and battery-electric vehicles, CAR was chosen to share our expertise and to partner with NASA on this project,” said CAR’s Director, Giorgio Rizzoni. “The design and system integration of battery packs in commercial aviation presents very unique challenges compared to ground vehicles,” said Marcello Canova, assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. “We are grateful to NASA for the opportunity to contribute to this

program and we look forward to exploring novel solutions that will significantly improve the safety and reliability of Lithium Ion batteries”. NASA launched its ULI program in 2016, seeking proposals from diverse, multi-disciplinary teams that provide transformative solutions to system-level aeronautics problems. The ULI program, led by Ohio State, is coordinated by Professor Michael Benzakein and includes participation from Ohio State’s Center for High Performance Power Electronics, the Departments of Electrical and Computer and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, and CAR, represented by Assistant Professor Marcello Canova, Professor Giorgio Rizzoni, and Senior Research Associate Matilde D’Arpino.

Kim Receives Department of Energy Award for his Work in Advanced Vehicle Technologies Jung-Hyun Kim, assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, along with Nexceris and Navitas, have received an approximately $2.5M award from the Department of Energy (DOE) for their project titled “Cobalt-Free LNMTO Spinel Cathode Materials.” This project is one of 42 selected by the DOE to support advanced vehicle technologies that can enable more affordable mobility, strengthen domestic energy security, reduce U.S. dependence

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on foreign sources of critical materials and enhance U.S. economic growth. This project also supports DOE’s goal of investing in early-stage research of transportation technologies that can give families and businesses more options for meeting their mobility needs. With the transportation industry’s increased adoption of EVs, the demand for battery materials has increased as well. This project will develop cathode materials for next-generation electric vehicle batteries that eliminate or significantly reduce the use of cobalt. Cobalt is an expensive and critical, foreign sourced material which could face a supply risk in the future. “Our work over the next three years will pave the way to a new generation cathode of Li-ion batteries,” said Kim. “Our goal is to develop low-cost cathode materials with high energy and power and demonstrate it using prototype battery cells with 2 Ah capacity, which can significantly impact Li-ion battery markets, mainly for electric vehicle (EV) applications.” “I am very excited about this award,” said Kim. “The proposed concept is what I have devoted my passion and research efforts to during my career. I am also grateful that I have good collaboration opportunities with my respected industry partners – Nexceris and Navitas – through this award, which can make a synergy in terms of future impacts such as technology commercialization and marketing.”

CAR Chosen to Give Technology Demonstration at ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit The Ohio State University Center for Automotive Research participated in the 2019 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit showcasing the Ohio State led NEXTCAR program with partners Delphi Technologies, Tula Technologies, the Transportation Research Center (TRC) and Aptiv. The summit, held in Denver July 8-11, brought together technical experts from a variety of disciplines across industry, academia and government to think creatively about America’s energy challenges and share cutting-edge research in energy innovation. Director Giorgio Rizzoni and Associate Professor Marcello Canova, along with Associate Director David Cooke and graduate students Polina Brodsky and Shreshta Rajakumar Deshpande, joined representatives from Delphi Technologies, Tula, APTIV and TRC to showcase the ARPA-E NEXTCAR project. Rizzoni along with Delphi Chief Engineer of Advanced R&D John Kirwan were chosen to give a technology demonstration presentation to the crowd at the technology showcase. “This program showcases the role of the Center for Automotive Research in bringing together faculty with cross-disciplinary and complementary expertise, and in collaborating with industry,” said Canova. “Our work over the next three years will pave the way to a new generation of vehicles, where connectivity and automation are deeply integrated with powertrain controls, significantly improving fuel economy and CO2 emissions.” The goal of the ARPA-E NEXTCAR project is to develop and demonstrate intelligent driving with a transformational vehicle and propulsion system control technology that uses connected and automated vehicle capabilities to reduce energy consumption of a light-duty passenger vehicle.

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Mobility Weimer Represents CAR in D.C. On Wednesday, June 5, Director of Mobility and Senior Associate Director of CAR Maryn Weimer, along with representative leaders from Transportation Research Center, COTA, the Columbus Partnership and DriveOhio participated in meetings with congressional offices in Washington, D.C. The

group met with Senator Sherrod Brown and Representatives Steve Stivers, Joyce Beatty, Troy Balderson and Jim Jordan to discuss various mobility projects and programs. Weimer and Brett Roubinek, president and CEO of TRC, had a separate meeting with Senator Brown’s staff to discuss the Low and No-Emission Component Assessment Program (LoNo) that supports testing, evaluation and analysis of LoNo components intended for use in LoNo transit buses. Weimer later met with Representative Marcy Kaptur’s staff to discuss CAR and the House Automotive Caucus. Representative Kaptur is the co-chair of the caucus.

TRC’s Autonomous Vehicle Research Track Up and Running

the world should want to have a presence because there’s going to be some amazing innovations going on here that will affect the lives of everybody in the world,” he said.

A new $45 million research park dedicated to developing the newest generation of automated and connected vehicles is open for business.

The center features the longest and widest data-connected intersection in the industry. Operations are managed in a 10,000-square-foot control building with garages and research space.

The Transportation Research Center’s new Smart Mobility Advance Research Test Center, or SMARTCenter, opened Wednesday with a demonstration for state and local leaders. The state-of-the-art facility is two-thirds the size of New York City’s Central Park.

When the project is finished, it will feature an urban network area allowing researchers to test vehicles in a variety of moveable intersections, roundabouts and road configurations.

The SMARTCenter is a partnership between the state, the economic development nonprofit JobsOhio and The Ohio State University. Ohio State’s Senior Vice President for Research Morley Stone said the test facility enables the university to sustain its status as a world leader in autonomous vehicle research. “From a research area standpoint, there are no areas out there that are more exciting than what’s happening in autonomous vehicles writ large,” Stone said. “To actually have the world’s premier test track in our backyard is an enormous asset for our research enterprise.”

“It benefits the university in several ways. First of all, for this to succeed, there need to be two things: fundamental research and then applied research with a workforce that can actually translate the research into reality,” Williams said. “At Ohio State, we bring both of those aspects to TRC. We are the research in the Transportation Research Center.” The SMARTCenter is not just a boon to researchers; it will also support students preparing for the jobs of the future. “Imagine the experience that our students are going to have using this as a research test bed,” Stone said. “The ability to walk into a state-of-the-art facility, that doesn’t exist anywhere else in the world, and be able to test in real-world environments – that’s truly remarkable.”

David Williams, dean of the College of Engineering and a member of TRC’s board of directors, agreed. “If you want to be at the forefront of smart mobility, we are the place to do it. The scale that we have here is unprecedented compared to every other university in the country,” he said. Lt. Gov. Jon Husted led the ribbon-cutting ceremony to open the center. He said the project keeps Ohio at the forefront of important research and will attract business to the state. “Why in the world, if I was in this space, wouldn’t I want to be in Central Ohio? This is where every company in

24

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25


SMART@OHIOSTATE: Living Lab The Ohio State University has a smart and robust ecosystem. By combining our many assets that set us apart in the smart cities space, we will create a living lab, comprised of a user-centered, openinnovation ecosystem for connected technologies to solve real-world

problems on our campuses and in our communities. Over the next 12 months, Ohio State will leverage the expertise of our faculty, staff, students and researchers to address challenges in four areas where the university has great assets, ambition and opportunity:

TEACHING AND LEARNING:

MOBILITY:

Through a focus on teaching and learning, we will prepare all students to be knowledgeable consumers and innovators in a smart world.

Through a focus on mobility, we will sustainably move people and goods more quickly, safely and efficiently, while improving accessibility.

›› T  ransform teaching and learning environments to create connected classrooms

›› D  esign and deploy a multi-modal transportation ecosystem

›› P  rovide more faculty and staff with professional development to leverage connected spaces and technologies

›› P  rioritize the movement of people on campus over single occupancy vehicles

›› E  nsure all students gain digital competencies and have access to coding, analytics and app development

Data-enabled energy systems

Digital learning in connected classrooms

Multi-modal transportation ecosystem

ENERGY AND SUSTAINABILITY:

HEALTH & WELLNESS:

Digital, mental and physical wellbeing connectivity

Through a focus on energy and sustainability, we will reduce resource consumption, neutralize carbon emissions and minimize waste.

Through a focus on health and wellness, we will improve the mental and physical health of students, faculty and staff.

›› Improve the availability of data systems on resource (energy, water, food) procurement, consumption and waste to enhance Ohio State’s stewardship of natural resources

›› E  ncourage more physical activity through connected apps, gamification, and active travel analysis

›› C  reate an energy system that supports the expanded use of sustainable sources and enhanced efficiency to help meet sustainability goals

›› M  ake the campus environment and our communities safer by improving infrastructure and services

›› M  easure and track best options for green infrastructure to improve campus ecosystem health

›› Improve access to, and availability of, mental health resources through analytics and technological tools

BRINGING AUTOMOTIVE JOBS TO OHIO Jonathan Bridges serves as the director for automotive at JobsOhio, a nonprofit designed to drive job creation and new capital investment in Ohio through business attraction, retention and expansion efforts. “At JobsOhio we focus on specific industries that have the most potential for growth in our state,” said Bridges. “Using my two decades of experience in the automotive sector, I leverage the partnerships, great resources and outstanding people of the state to attract automotive jobs and investment to Ohio and to strengthen the companies that are already operating here.” CAR serves as a great partner to JobsOhio because it enables them to highlight the multitude of automotive and mobility assets that can be found in the state. “Some companies may not understand just how dynamic and forward-looking Ohio’s automotive sector is, and CAR makes Ohio more attractive to those companies,” said Bridges. “For instance, CAR’s access to undergraduate and graduate researchers means there is always cutting-edge talent available for

Some companies may not understand just how dynamic and forward-looking Ohio’s automotive sector is, and CAR makes Ohio more attractive to those companies.”

JONATHAN

a constantly evolving industry. CAR also has a consortium membership program, which supports companies’ innovative research while providing realworld experience for students. Working together in Ohio, we can make great strides and continue to spur the innovation and research that makes our state more attractive to job creators.” As the manufacturing landscape changes and begins to focus on Smart mobility solutions, JobsOhio supports SMART Columbus, for whom The Ohio State University is the primary research partner.

As this project moves forward, it is imperative that we leverage our industry partnerships to create, deploy and test new technologies and solutions in this one-of-a-kind space. To learn more about how you can be involved, please contact Smart Cities Relationship Director Courtney Falato at falato.3@osu.edu.

26

RESEARCH

RESEARCH

27


ENGINEERING MOBILITY SOLUTIONS WITH A PURPOSE New technology is designed to improve people’s lives. As a mechanical engineering PhD student working at Ohio State’s Center for Automotive Research (CAR), Danny Freudiger is taking this goal to the next level. When Freudiger was searching for a PhD program, he chose to attend Ohio State because of its research opportunities, specifically at CAR. Freudiger researched batteries at Vanderbilt University as an undergraduate student, and he was excited to continue that focus at CAR through its multiple hybrid and EV research projects. One of his latest projects focuses on battery pack design and control optimization for heavy duty trucks, specifically delivery vehicles. These vehicles can use route preview and traffic information to enhance energy efficiency. But Freudiger isn’t only interested in creating new technology; he believes that technology’s main purpose should be to help people. “The most rewarding thing – and this circles back to why I got into engineering in the first place – is that I get to use my skills to build something and see it impact people,” Freudiger said. “The project provides a lot of motivation and purpose when it puts the people first.” With the help of other students and advisers at CAR, Freudiger founded the Smart Campus student group in fall 2017. The organization aims to create a smarter campus that connects and moves students safely and efficiently.

28

RESEARCH

In fall 2018, another Ohio State student group called the Food Recovery Network reached out to Smart Campus. The Food Recovery Network transports leftover food from various campus diners and cafés to local food pantries, and students wondered how they could streamline their transportation methods. Freudiger looked at the group’s existing data collection and food transportation methods, and he knew there had to be a way to make the process more efficient. So, the two student groups teamed up to create Wasted Opportunities, a culmination of technology and food recovery. Wasted Opportunities won the Ohio State Energy Partners Smart Campus Challenge and earned $54,000 to further refine the project. In the future, Freudiger hopes to expand the group’s presence on campus and partner with other Columbus-based restaurants and nonprofits. “When I think of a smart city or campus that’s driven through technology, it should solve real problems,” Freudiger said. “We can’t make solutions for technology’s sake; we should make DANNY solutions to help people. That’s the core of a smart idea.”

Consortium Membership About the CAR Membership Consortium The CAR Membership Consortium provides a unique opportunity for industry to engage in original, highly leveraged precompetitive research in automotive and transportation systems, with a focus on: advanced propulsion systems; fuel economy; vehicle safety, connectivity and autonomy; and advanced driver assistance systems.

The Consortium provides members with:

›› The opportunity to participate in leveraged, precompetitive research ›› T  he opportunity to engage graduate students in preparation for future careers in the automotive industry ›› A  n outlet to reach undergraduate students through capstone design and other project activities ›› The opportunity to host focused recruitment events

Current Members Gold Level

Silver $10K

Gold $30K

Platinum $50K

Showcase/feature members in CAR marketing materials

x

x

x

Invitation to Bi-Annual Executive Advisory Board Meetings

x

x

x

x

x

$5K limit

$10K limit

Member Benefits

Platinum Level

16FEB201120481109

Membership sponsored exploratory reporting meetings and access to results and presentations Distance education benefits (Pre-recorded seminar library) Opportunity to present technical seminars at CAR

x

x

x

Opportunity to recruit CAR students through resume access, information sessions and meet and greet events

x

x

x

Corporate mentorship for graduate students

x

x

Input on project selection for exploratory research projects

x

Direct project selection for exploratory research projects Consultant time with faculty and senior research staff

For more information contact David Cooke at cooke.76@osu.edu or David Emerling at emerling.4@osu.edu or visit car.osu.edu.

10% discount on testing services

x x

x

$5K limit

$10K limit

RESEARCH

29


To accommodate an increase in electric vehicle research projects, the Ohio State Center for Automotive Research (CAR) will open new battery testing labs to expand its research capabilities. The previous CAR battery testing labs were created nearly 20 years ago, and they have helped automotive manufacturers, researchers, faculty and students make great strides in battery research. However, new battery technologies and an industry-wide push for electric vehicles meant it was time for CAR to upgrade. Prashanth Ramesh, a researcher at CAR, said that although the labs served their purpose over the past two decades, the sheer number of research projects called for modernized facilities. “We outgrew what we had,” Ramesh said. “The new labs will not only support the researchers, but they will also support our student project teams as well as industry and federally funded projects.” The new labs span 1,000 square feet spread across three separate rooms: a main battery lab; a battery

pack fabrication lab; a high voltage lab and a hardwarein-the-loop and battery management systems lab. Each lab offers industry-standard technology; their shared goal is to improve the batteries’ efficiency, durability, charging speed, safety and cost. The main battery lab features new state-of-the art battery cyclers, environmental chambers and liquid chillers. These allow researchers to determine how a battery holds up to years of use and abuse. The main battery lab will support the testing of research of low voltage cells to mild 48V systems. The new pack fabrication lab will be equipped with spot welders and high voltage tools required to safely operate on battery packs. The high voltage lab has battery cyclers capable of testing high voltage (900V) battery packs.

Ohio State Designated FTA Bus Testing Center The Ohio State Center for Automotive Research was selected in 2017 by the Federal Transit Authority as the Program Manager and official test site for the FTA Low and No Emissions Component Assessment Program. In 2018, Ohio State was designated an FTA Bus Testing Center. LoNo programs support the introduction of low and no emissions transit buses into transit system fleets. Ohio State will perform full vehicle life-cycle evaluations, system level and individual component testing. The results will provide unbiased public assessments of low- or no-emission vehicles, systems and components, documenting their real-world maintainability, reliability, performance, structural integrity and efficiency.

To date, Ohio State has been awarded $4.5 million to support component evaluation testing and an initial $4 million in capital funding to develop and support a new on-campus bus testing center. Ohio State is currently engaged in engineering planning studies to create a test center capable of meeting industry’s development and testing needs, both today and into the future. Capabilities will include full chassis testing, battery pack evaluation and emulation, electric machine evaluation, full vehicle evaluation and durability, and autonomous test and standards development – all supporting the transit and heavyduty industries.

Researchers can also run simulations in the updated hardware-in-the-loop and battery management systems lab to test control strategies in conjunction with battery models and hardware.

economic

DEVELOPMENT

CAR Opens New Battery Testing Labs

Artist’s sketch of on-campus bus testing facility

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

31


CAR CHAMPIONS

Transportation Research Center Inc. recognized with Dwight Blaser Meritorious Service Award

Maryn Weimer appointed to Ohio Governor’s Advisory Committee on Transportation Infrastructure

The Transportation Research Center Inc. (TRC) was recognized with the 2019 Dwight Blaser Meritorious Service Award. This award is presented annually to individuals or organizations whose sustained and extraordinary services have had a significant and lasting effect on the advancement of Ohio State’s Center for Automotive Research (CAR).

Maryn Weimer, former director of mobility and senior associate director at Ohio State’s Center for Automotive Research, has been appointed to the Ohio Governor’s Advisory Committee on Transportation Infrastructure by Governor Mike DeWine. “Investing in Ohio’s transportation network is also an investment in the future of Ohio’s high-performance economy,” said Governor DeWine. “We must ensure that our transportation system is not only safe and reliable, but that it also strengthens our economy by offering accessibility for current and new businesses.”

Since the creation of CAR, TRC has provided testing facilities and workspace for researchers, faculty, students and motorsports teams, including the six time national champion EcoCAR team and the Buckeye Bullet landspeed racing program. A founding member of the CAR Membership Consortia, TRC works closely with CAR to engage in original, highly leveraged precompetitive research related to automotive and transportation systems. The longstanding relationship with CAR and TRC doesn’t end there. The two organizations partner regularly on government funded projects, and have most recently teamed up in the ARPA-E NEXTCAR project; further, CAR and TRC are often partners in programs funded by NHTSA through its Vehicle Research and Test Center. We are proud of our partnership with TRC, and look forward to the future of this unique relationship.

This new committee will study the current conditions of Ohio’s roadways and recommend options for maintaining and enhancing the state’s transportation infrastructure. “I am very excited and honored to serve on this committee for Governor DeWine,” said Weimer. “As we look to the future of smart and connected mobility in the state of Ohio, this is a great opportunity to highlight all of these emerging technologies and how they influence the infrastructure of the future.” Brett Roubinek, CEO and President of TRC, accepted the 2019 Dwight Blaser Meritorious Service Award on behalf of TRC.

Weimer has recently taken on a new role as chief stakeholder affairs officer at the Transportation Research Center (TRC). In this new role, she will be partnering across all sectors – government, industry, research and education – to help TRC expand its partnerships and collaborations. She will be working to grow new opportunities with industry and strengthen TRC’s research partnership with Ohio State.

Maryn Weimer

“While I am sad to leave Ohio State, I am super excited for the opportunity to grow research both with TRC and Ohio State and to be the one leading that from TRC and tying together our tremendous mobility ecosystem in Ohio,” Weimer said.

CAR CHAMPIONS

33


FACULTY collaborating

AEDE // Agricultural,

Environmental, and Development Economics Elena Irwin Spatial modeling of land use and the development of integrated models of land use and ecosystem services at local and regional scales irwin.78@osu.edu

CAR // Center for

Automotive Research Qadeer Ahmed Automotive systems modeling, estimation, control and diagnostics ahmed.358@osu.edu

Samuel D. Stout Skeletal biology stout.126@osu.edu

cantemir.1@osu.edu

Research Center

Matthew McCrink Modeling and simulation, control theory, aerodynamics, mechatronics, aeronautics, experimental fluid mechanics, mobile robotics mccrink.2@osu.edu

Education and Anatomy

agarwal.334@osu.edu

Chi-Chih Chen

ozguner.1@osu.edu

Radar technology

Keith Redmill

xu.3@osu.edu

chen.118@osu.edu

Autonomous vehicles and robots, intelligent transportation systems, vehicle and bus tracking, wireless data communication, CDPD, GPS and GIS technologies

Julia Zhang

Data mining, sensor networks and technologies, spatial analytics, discrete choice modeling and urban computation

jones.4@osu.edu

yurkovich.7@osu.edu

toth.2@osu.edu

carrel.20@osu.edu

CBE // Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

Bejamin Coifman Intelligent transportation systems, traffic surveillance, control and flow theory, driver dynamics and application of advanced technologies to transportation problems

GPS, satellite and inertial geodesy, multisensor integration

Anatomy

Kenneth Jones

2D/3D signal processing and spatial information systems, photogrammetry, LiDAR and remote sensing

Intelligent control of large, decentralized systems, automotive control, intelligent vehicle highway system

bakshi.2@osu.edu

Data modeling for big data and large scale infrastructure, battery management, system identification and modeling simulation

Power electronics circuits and control for renewable energy and hybrid electric and fuel cell vehicles

Charles Toth

Dorota GrejnerBrzezinska

Benjamin J. Yurkovich

Jin Wang

High performance parallel computing ozguner.2@osu.edu

Andre Carrel

Sustainability science and engineering, process systems engineering

Modeling, simulating, testing and analyzing vehicle handling dynamics stability

Computer Engineering

Fusun Ozguner

Advanced electrocatalytic materials for chemical conversion and energy storage

chrstos.1@osu.edu

Gary Joseph Heydinger

qin.324@osu.edu

ECE // Electrical and

Design and development of SiC high voltage devices

Bhavik Ramesh Bakshi

heydinger.4@osu.edu

BMEA // Biomedical

Environmental, and Geodetic Engineering

Vehicle dynamics, driverin-the-loop simulators, tire modeling

darpino.2@osu.edu

Geospatial data analytics

Anant Agarwal

Jeff Chrstos

Implementation of highperformance electric vehicle control strategy, new modulation techniques for power converters and power flow management for multisource charging stations

Rongjun Qin

CEGE // Civil,

Anne Co

CG Cantemir

Matilde D’Arpino

ARC // Aerospace

and Biochemistry

co.5@osu.edu

Electric power machines

Anthropology

CB // Chemistry

Liang-Shih Fan Fluidization, multiphase flow, particulate reaction engineering, particle technology, energy and environmental engineering fan.1@osu.edu

CDME // The

Center for Design and Manufacturing Excellence Nathan Ames Design and manufacturing ames.21@osu.edu

CEMAS //

Center for Electron Microscopy Analysis

coifman.1@osu.edu

Robert E. Williams High resolution electron microscopy williams.2156@osu.edu

grejner-brzezinska.1@osu.edu

Andy May Air quality may.561@osu.edu

Mark McCord Transportation systems, engineering and planning mccord.2@osu.edu

Rabi Mishalani Application of probabilistic modeling, statistical inference, experimental design and evaluation and optimization to transportation systems analysis mishalani.1@osu.edu

CSE //

Computer Science and Engineering Rajiv Ramnath Intelligent systems, systems networking and signal processing, software engineering and software applications, enterprise strategy, engineering and management ramnath.6@osu.edu

Eylem Ekici Computer networks, wireless and satellite systems, routing protocols and QoS provisioning ekici.2@osu.edu

Lisa Fiorentini Control and system theory, nonlinear and adaptive control, robust control, tracking and regulation problems with applications in aerospace and automotive engineering fiorentini.2@osu.edu

Abhishek Gupta Decentralized control, game theory, auctions, electricity markets, probability theory gupta.706@osu.edu

Mahesh Illindala Microgrids, distributed energy resources, electrical energy conversion and storage, advanced electric drive transportation systems.

Paolo A. Sivilotti

illindala.1@osu.edu

Tools and techniques for developing high-confidence distributed software

Emre Koksal

sivilotti.1@osu.edu

Alper Yilmaz

Wireless communication and networking

ESL //

Electroscience Lab Andrew O’Brien

wang.1248@osu.edu

Umit Ozguner

ozguner.1@osu.edu

Andrea Serrani Nonlinear control and systems theory, guidance and control of aerospace, underwater and terrestrial vehicles

Longya Xu Power electronic converters, control of variable-speed drives, finite element analysis, solid state control of electric power systems

Graeme Smith Development of cognitive sensors inspired by biological organisms smith.8347@osu.edu

Wladimiro Villarroel

of Business

zhang.564@osu.edu

Greg Allenby

Wei Zhang Control theory, optimization, and game theory, to aid in the analysis and design of complex cyberphysical systems zhang.491@osu.edu

EE // Engineering Education

obrien.200@osu.edu

FCOB // Fisher College

Power electronics and electrical machines

serrani.1@osu.edu

Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers, antenna arrays, antenna electronics and adaptive array signal processing

Development and application of quantitative methods in marketing allenby.1@osu.edu

HRS // School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences

Amanda Agnew

Rachel L. Kajfez

Human anatomy and biologic anthropology

Engineering education

agnew.17@osu.edu

kajfez.2@osu.edu

Conformal antenna design and optimization, vehicular antennas, applied project management

John Bolte

villarroel.1@osu.edu

bolte.6@osu.edu

Jiankang Wang Power system operation and planning, electricity markets, demand side management, distributed generation and renewable energy wang.6536@osu.edu

Injury biomechanics, child injury prevention

Yun Seok Kang Injury biomechanics, instrumentation technique development, multibody kinematics and dynamics kang.286@osu.edu

koksal.2@osu.edu

Nuclear analytics yilmaz.15@osu.edu

COLLABORATING FACULTY

35


ISE // Integrated

Systems Engineering

KSA // Austin E.

Knowlton School of Architecture

Antonio Jesus Conejo Navarro

Gulsah Akar

Integrated systems engineering

Travel demand analysis and choice modeling

conejonavarro.1@osu.edu

akar.3@osu.edu

Zhenhua Chen Regional science, risk and resilience, transportation planning and policy

Operations research, energy systems sioshansi.1@osu.edu

chen.7172@osu.edu

David Woods

woods.2@osu.edu

Rebecca Dupaix

Jung Hyun Kim

Ahmet Selamet

Biomimetic interface science, surface engineering, nanotribology and materials research

Mechanical behavior of polymers, bio-materials, and polymer-based composites, deformation processing of polymers, biological tissue engineering

Energy storage, batteries and fuel cells

Internal combustion engines, acoustics, noise control, combustion, heat transfer and fluid dynamics

bhushan.2@osu.edu

Ramteen Sioshansi

Cognitive engineering, complexity and resilience, autonomous systems, sensor overload

Bharat Bhushan

Jeffrey Bons

dupaix.1@osu.edu

Heat transfer, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics

James Gregory

bons.2@osu.edu

Marcello Canova Energy conversion and energy storage systems for automotive applications, dynamic system modeling and optimization canova.1@osu.edu

MAE // Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Cathy Honghui Xia

Bilin Aksun Guvenc

Cloud computing, stochastic networks, dynamic pricing/ control, communication networks

Connected and automated vehicles, vehicle control systems, unctional safety aksunguvenc.1@osu.edu

xia.52@osu.edu

Mike Benzakein Biomimetic interface science, surface engineering, nanotribology and materials research benzakein.2@osu.edu

Lei Raymond Cao Radiation sensor development, nuclear instrumentation and detection methods, reactor instrumentation

kim.6776@osu.edu

Seung-Hyun Kim Turbulent combustion

Rotorcraft aeromechanics, bluff body wake control, and development of advanced measurement techniques gregory.234@osu.edu

Denny Guenther Vehicle dynamics and vehicle design guenther.1@osu.edu

kim.5061@osu.edu

Energy conversion and storage systems for automotive applications

Rajendra Singh

ibba.1@osu.edu

Soheil Soghrati Computational solid mechanics soghrati.1@osu.edu

mathison.4@osu.edu

Automatic transmission modeling and control srinivasan.3@osu.edu

Vishwanath Subramaniam

Nonlinear dynamics in micro/nanoscale mechanical systems

Automotive control and mechatronics, autonomous road vehicles, cooperative mobility, robust control

Computational fluid dynamics, reacting flows with applications in combustion, catalytic conversion, fuel cells and chemical vapor deposition, thermal radiation, non-equilibrium transport phenomena

cho.867@osu.edu

guvenc.1@osu.edu

maumder.2@osu.edu

Marcelo Dapino

Ryan Harne

Smart materials and structures

Mechanics, dynamics, vibrations, acoustics and waves

cao.76@osu.edu

Hanna Cho

dapino.1@osu.edu

Necip Berme

Levent Guvenc

harne.3@osu.edu

Shawn Midlam-Mohler Model-based design of complex systems, advanced automotive powertrain systems

Integrated immersive reality evaluation system

Richard D. Dehner

Joseph Heremans

midlam-mohler.1@osu.edu

berme.1@osu.edu

Turbocharger compression, internal combustion engines

Thermal properties of matter and applications to energy conversion

Giorgio Rizzoni

dehner.10@osu.edu

heremans.1@osu.edu

Michael Dunn

Donald Houser

Aerodynamic and heat transfer, aeromechanics and structural dynamics

Gear and power transmissions

dunn.129@osu.edu

houser.4@osu.edu

System dynamics, measurements, control and fault diagnosis with application to automotive systems rizzoni.1@osu.edu

MSE // Materials Science and Engineering Glenn Daehn Impulse-based manufacturing

Cheena Srinivasan

Sandip Mazumder

Guezennec.@osu.edu

OARDC // Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center

Acoustics, machine dynamics, vibrations, non-linear dynamics and signal processing singh.3@osu.edu

Gas turbines

Yann Guezennec

Cellular health

Simulation and development of innovative joining and fastening systems

Randall Mathison

Michael Ibba

selamet.1@osu.edu

Anthony Luscher

luscher.3@osu.edu

Microbiology

Interaction between low-frequency weak electromagnetic fields and tissues, cells and similar biological systems subramaniam.1@osu.edu

Vishnu Sundaresan Smart material systems sundaresan.19@osu.edu

daehn.1@osu.edu

Katrina Cornish

Nicole D. Sintov

Bio-based emergent materials, natural rubber biosynthesis and production

Environmental psychology

Degradation of materials, atmospheric corrosion, corrosion inhibition frankel.10@osu.edu

sintov.2@osu.edu

cornish.19@osu.edu

SIMCenter //

OR //

Office of Research Janet Weisenberger Hearing science, driver behavior

Gerald Frankel

SENR // School of Environment and Natural Resources

weisenberger.21@osu.edu

Simulation Innovation and Modeling Center Punit Jayant Tulpule Design of multiphysics systems tulpule.3@osu.edu

Pathology

Joerg Jinschek

Peter Baker III

Electron microposy and analysis

Anatomic pathology baker.14@osu.edu

jinschek.1@osu.edu

Alan Luo Light materials and manufacturing

Radiology

luo.445@osu.edu

Petra M. F. Schmalbrock

Jeffrey A. Sutton Turbulance and combustion research

David McComb

Neuro MRI

sutton.235@osu.edu

Electrion microscopy and analysis

Schmalbrock.1@osu.edu

Mei Zhuang

mccomb.2@osu.edu

Joseph Peter Yu

CFD and CAA simulation for flow and aerodynamic noise prediction zhuang.15@osu.edu

Radiology

Anupam Vivek

joseph.yu@osuwmc.edu

Experimental design and analysis for impulse-based metal forming vivek.4@osu.edu

36

COLLABORATING FACULTY

COLLABORATING FACULTY

37


Address: 930 Kinnear Road, Columbus, OH 43212 Phone: 614-292-5990 Fax: 614-688-4111 Email: car@osu.edu Online: car.osu.edu go.osu.edu/CARLinkedIn Facebook.com/OSUCenterforAutomotiveResearch @OSUCtrAutoRsrch

2019 CAR Annual Report  

2019 CAR Annual Report  

Profile for osucar