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CENTER FOR AUTOMOTIVE RESEARCH

ANNUAL REPORT 2016


Table of Contents

EDUCATION pg 4

RESEARCH pg 10

Preparing future automotive industry leaders.

Innovating solutions that affect future transportation and mobility.

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT pg 24 Cultivating teamwork and synergy among multiple disciplines, while responding to the needs of clients and partners.

FUTURE PLANS pg 28

APPENDIX pg 30

Affecting tomorrow’s mobility—from energy and environmental consequences to safety, information and communication systems and lifestyle and consumer choices.

OVERVIEW

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CAR legacy continues PREPARING TO CELEBRATE 25 YEARS AND COUNTING The Center for Automotive Research (CAR) is the pre-eminent research center in sustainable and safe mobility in the United States and an interdisciplinary research center in The Ohio State University’s College of Engineering. As the fiscal year 2016 closes, CAR looks forward to celebrating 25 years of industry engagement, which began at the center’s foundation. Over the years CAR has adeptly met industry’s changing needs, and the College of Engineering has a long history of collaboration with the automotive industry. Since these early interactions CAR has continued to evolve to meet the needs of the automotive industry, from producing highly prepared graduates to engaging in leading-edge collaborative research. Initial key partners included General Motors, Ford Motor Company, Chrysler and Delphi. These industry members were immediately interested in expanding the relationship through sponsored research programs. Now, nearly 25 years later, CAR is in its seventeenth year of having an industrial consortium, which provides a unique opportunity for industry to engage in original, highly leveraged precompetitive research in automotive and transportation systems. Beyond that, CAR is involved in major partnerships with many companies, covering a wide array of projects governed by master agreements. Recent CAR partners—Bosch, Cummins Inc., Delphi Automotive, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, Ford Motor Company, General Motors, Honda of America, Hyundai, REA Magnet Wire, Renault, ST Microelectronics, T.E. Connectivity, Toyota, Transportation Research Center—

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OVERVIEW

have each joined with CAR recognizing the value of a research and educational partnership in automotive systems engineering. Partnerships with industry range from unrestricted research grants and proprietary research programs to securing government-funded research and engineering services. Today over 50% of CAR external funding comes from industry sources and CAR is recognized as a preferred partner of the automotive industry in the United States. One of the outcomes of this strong relationship with industry has been the creation of an industry- relevant graduate specialization in automotive systems engineering, and of continuing education programs. The breadth and number of projects available for graduate students at CAR has resulted in some of the best and brightest graduates in automotive systems engineering. Over the past fiscal year 99 graduate students participated in CAR research projects. Together with the commitment CAR has made to creating experiential learning projects that reach thousands of undergraduate students, CAR has established itself as a leader in automotive systems education and research. Linking multi-faceted partnerships with a key industry sector has created a winning combination. CAR serves as an example and model to other research centers at Ohio State and is widely-cited as a leader in academic-industry collaboration.


A Note from the Directors FROM GIORGIO: CAR has continuously adapted to improve its service to faculty, student and industry partners. In 2012 the College of Engineering recognized that the growth of CAR over the previous decade required new attention to the management of its operations, and created the new position of senior associate director, with the primary duty of managing center operations. In 2013 Joanna Pinkerton was recruited to serve as the first senior associate director and, thanks to three years of dedicated service, CAR benefits from greatly improved operations. Joanna has moved on to take the position of co-director of the Honda-OSU Partnership Program, and CAR has been fortunate to recruit Maryn Weimer to take the position of senior associate director. Maryn’s experience in the manufacturing sector brings a new dimension to the position, and her experience and energy are already beginning to make their mark on the center. On the research front, the challenges faced by the automotive industry are reflected in CAR’s research programs related to improved fuel economy, powertrain electrification, vehicle automation and connectivity, and tying together the notion of sustainable and intelligent mobility with a smart city. There has never been a more exciting time for CAR! Sincerely,

INTRODUCING MARYN WEIMER Weimer brings a depth of industry experience to the center. As continuous improvements standards leader at General Mills, she developed global continuous improvement strategies aimed at aligning safety, operational excellence, leadership and metrics. Weimer holds a bachelor of science degree in biosystems engineering from Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan. Read more about Maryn’s appointment here: go.osu.edu/weimer

FROM MARYN:

CAR Operations: Bringing together industry, education and students Coming from an industry background, I have found that the Center for Automotive Research is essentially a small business. Organizationally, it has a fairly standard organizational structure – human resources, business management, marketing, facilities…With a major difference—our goods and services are students, research and education. Our headquarters is the College of Engineering, and our performance rate is pretty world class. The lean, functional structure and expertise in our field gives us the knowledge to drive world class research, but also to lead industry to the future with: ›› W  orld class, practically applied education to the next generation of automotive leaders ›› Innovative thinking and collaborative, specialized research in sustainable mobility technology ›› D  istance education – keeping professional engineers up to speed with flexible continuing education options I am eager and honored to be part of this innovative and exciting environment that has become the intersection of industry, innovative education and students! Sincerely,

Giorgio Rizzoni, Director

Maryn Weimer, Senior Associate Director

OVERVIEW

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EDUCATION


Distance Education CAR recognizes the value to industry partners of continuously improving its education programs, adapting its offerings to align with industry’s current needs and objectives. Over the years CAR has developed and evolved a graduate degree specialization in Automotive Systems Engineering, which emphasizes aspects of automotive engineering in important areas, such as powertrain management and control, advanced propulsion systems, power electronics and energy storage—all topics related to the key issue of improving fuel economy in passenger and commercial vehicles. CAR has also been at the forefront of offering graduate courses in connected and automated vehicles, functional safety and fault diagnosis and control systems. The center has engaged in distance education programs for practicing engineers since 1996, and has recently seen resurgent interest in customized distance education programs that use in full or in a condensed form the content of the graduate specialization program.

While continuing to serve the General Motors Technical Education Program—a 20-year journey—CAR has begun to expand its course offerings in response to the needs of other industry partners, including Fiat-Chrysler Automobiles and Honda of America. Because of the dedication of faculty with deep expertise in subjects relevant to industry and relationships developed through years of partnerships, CAR has cultivated a reputation of leadership in cutting-edge studies. Traditional university students become tomorrow’s industry leaders, and this cycle provides the inputs and outputs for continued collaborative success.

FY2015 Sponsored Research Programs 70 graduate CAR students supported – a 35% increase from last year!

CAR provides opportunities for graduate students to be employed as research assistants and to study among professionals in the automotive industry. The educational activities of CAR educate not only College of Engineering students, but also assist industry professionals in acquiring knowledge of automotive processes and systems to better prepare them for careers and career advancements in the mobility industry. Funding for these projects are provided through memberships in CAR’s industrial consortia, as well as direct sponsorship by nine companies and four federal agencies.

GIFTS AND INTERNAL FUNDING 21 CAR graduate students supported

CAR, through its commitment to research, and in harmony with the educational mission of The Ohio State University, has formulated a strong program of educational activities to provide interdisciplinary education and training in the field of automotive systems. The College of Engineering offers a wide variety of masters and doctoral degree programs in most fields of engineering. Within CAR, student researchers of the various departments experience a strong interdisciplinary atmosphere, not only in their automotive-related coursework, but also in their specific areas of research. Direct funding of students from donations and gifts to the center help expand reach in continuing the education of promising students. Distance education class for industry hosted on-site.

EDUCATION

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Motorsports Students at The Ohio State University have the opportunity to participate in Motorsports/Student Projects. This program challenges students of all majors, backgrounds, skill levels and degrees of experience to compete in one of six student teams. Students apply research and classroom concepts, as well as learn hands-on skills for designing, fabricating, racing, managing and marketing competition vehicles. This experience includes machining, engine testing, battery testing, computer aided design and many other engineering tools.

“Most impressively, the Ohio State team’s Camaro was the first to meet all safety protocols even though they only took possession of the vehicle a few months ago.” The team had an impressive 11 first place category finishes and placed in the top five in 30 out of 36 categories. They were also first to drive their vehicle at competition and set the groundwork for continued development in Year 3 by demonstrating industry grade processes for embedded controls and software development. “The hard work and dedication of the entire team was clear throughout this Year Two competition and we are incredibly excited to bring home another first-place victory,” said M.J. Yatsko, team leader and recent graduate with a master’s degree in mechanical engineering.

ECOCAR 3

Buckeyes defend title, win second year of competition The Ohio State University team was crowned the Year Two winner of the EcoCAR 3 – Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition. The four-year collegiate engineering competition challenges 16 North American university teams to redesign a 2016 Chevrolet Camaro to further reduce its environmental impact, while maintaining the performance expected from this iconic American car. This marks the third consecutive victory for the Buckeyes who took first place in last year’s EcoCAR 3 competition and claimed the top prize in the three-year EcoCAR 2: Plugging In to the Future competition to create a more efficient Chevrolet Malibu. “This year’s overall winner, Ohio State, demonstrated all-around excellence by using the research and data gathered in the previous year and successfully applying it during Year Two of the vehicle development process for their Series Parallel PHEV 2016 Chevrolet Camaro,” said Kristen Wahl, director of the Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions at Argonne National Laboratory.

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The Ohio State University EcoCAR 3 team at competition.

“The second year added a level of complexity that definitely tested each of the 16 EcoCAR 3 teams in reworking the propulsion system of the 2016 Camaro,” said Al Oppenhesier, Chevrolet Camaro vehicle chief engineer. “Even with these new challenges, the students from Ohio State displayed an exceptional ability to integrate their Series Parallel Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) system, transforming this high-performance vehicle into a uniquely eco-friendly alternative. Achieving such results is an impressive feat given the short time that they had with the vehicle.” The student teams have now developed and started to integrate their energy efficient powertrains to maximize performance, while retaining the safety and high consumer standards of the Camaro. In the remaining years of the competition, teams will focus on integration refinement and market engagement.


EcoCAR 3 is the latest Energy Department Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition (AVTC) series. The 16 participating North American university have four years (2014-2018) to harness those ideas into the ultimate energy-efficient, high performance vehicle. Be part of the Ohio State’s EcoCAR team. Support a second national championship: give.osu.edu/ecocar.

SUPERMILEAGE SAE

Inside the Success

After their vehicle debut in spring 2015, Ohio State’s Supermileage SAE team returned to competition in 2016. Growing on the experience gained from their first vehicle build in 2015, the Supermileage SAE team successfully redesigned their vehicle for the 2016 competition. The team’s redesign focus was primarily on creating a well-designed chassis that could serve as a solid platform for the next several years. Chassis fabrication was carried out in collaboration with sponsor Ometek, a custom metal fabricator, to have parts laser cut and formed, and also by utilizing the machine shop located in the Student Projects Building. Additionally the team implemented an electric starter on the engine to follow a “burn and coast” strategy on the track. While at the SAE Supermileage competition in Marshall, Michigan in June 2016, the team had one of the most reliable vehicles and completed four successful runs. Ohio State’s overall best fuel economy was 265 miles-per-gallon, which more than doubled last year’s mileage. They finished the competition ranked 11 out of 17 vehicles.

2016 Student Project Competition Results ›› V  enturi Buckeye Bullet 3 • August 21, 2015 – Bonneville Salt Flats, Wendover, Utah: new international record in Category A Group VIII Class 8 with average two-way speed of 240.320 miles-per-hour and top speed of 282 miles-per-hour ›› B  aja Buckeyes SAE • Did not compete; updating entire vehicle for competition during upcoming academic year ›› Formula Buckeyes • May 11-14, 2016 – Formula SAE Brooklyn (Michigan): 44 out of 115 • M  ay 1-6, 2016 – Formula SAE North (Barrie, Ontario, Canada): 10 out of 25 ›› O  hio State EcoCAR 3 • May 15-27, 2016 – Year 2 Competition, Yuma, Arizona and San Diego, California: first out of 16 in North American four year competition ›› O  hio State Supermileage • June 8-11, 2016, SAE Supermileage Competition Eaton Corporation (Marshall, Michigan): 11 out of 17 (265 miles-per-gallon) ›› Buckeye Current • June 14-30, 2016 – Pikes Peak International Hill Climb (Colorado): third place (electric motorcycle class), 13 out of 30 (total motorcycles in gasoline and electric classes), with top speed of 120 miles-per-hour

“Coming into the year our team was very young and inexperienced, yet we were able to create a chassis we were proud to take to competition,” says Jacqueline Karl-DeFrain, team captain and undergraduate student

EDUCATION

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majoring in mechanical engineering and Chinese. “We not only succeeded in meeting our mileage goals but also established an organizational and vehicle platform to work from next year. I think this really speaks to how much our team is willing to learn and what we can accomplish.” For next year, the team aims to build a fairing, reduce the drag in the drive train and further engine modifications.

“The team went into the competition with a motorcycle that was extensively redesigned from the previous year and, as expected, many technical problems had to be solved on the mountain,” says Marcello Canova, team faculty advisor from the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. “The performance time of 11 minutes and 16 seconds, which earned Buckeye Current a podium finish, is testament of the talent and ability of this team to work quickly and efficiently under extremely high pressure.” Buckeye Current’s rider, Rob Barber, was notably the second fastest rookie rider up the mountain, and the bike finished 16th overall in a field of over 30 motorcycles, both gasoline- and electric-powered. With a completely redesigned front suspension, a new battery pack and a high performance cooling system, the Buckeye Current RW-3x motorcycle was designed to be a leading competitor through the 156 turns of the steep mountain course. During the practice days leading up to the race, the team overcame many technical issues presented by the difficult, fast-paced setting and complex electronic systems. From cooling system issues to an electric failure in the motor controller, the team’s experience in building and troubleshooting custom mechanical, electric and electronic components allowed them to effectively tackle all the technical challenges that emerged. “Working out here in a fast-paced racing environment makes you quickly learn that everything from the classroom is a stepping stone,” says Brody Ringler, suspension and handling project captain.

SUPERMILEAGE SAE COMPETITION // Student driver Jacqueline Karl-DeFrain

Tours and Outreach CAR continues its commitment to outreach and in this spirit welcomed over 1500 guests during the past year and hosted numerous outreach events.

BUCKEYE CURRENT

Team maintains podium position in 100th running of the competition Buckeye Current, The Ohio State University’s student electric motorcycle team, competed at the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb (PPIHC) on June 26 for the second time. Although a number of technical issues left the motorcycle, RW-3x, completely nonfunctional mere days before the race, Buckeye Current team members rallied behind exceptional technical expertise to finish third place in the electric motorcycle class.

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EDUCATION

Among many notable visitors, the Ohio Mobility Coalition—led by U.S. Senator Rob Portman and consisting of transportation, business and civic leaders in Central Ohio— used space at CAR to hold their “Discussion on Autonomous-Connected Vehicles and Central Ohio’s Future.” The event took place Friday, April 8, 2016 and was attended by CAR Director Giorgio Rizzoni, Ohio State’s Assistant Vice President for Mobility Research and Business Development Carla Bailo and Co-Director of the Honda/OSU Partnership Program Joanna Pinkerton. Ohio State’s Formula Buckeyes vehicle was displayed at the event, while Ohio State EcoCAR 3 team leaders gave a brief overview of their vehicle to attendees.


On the other end of the spectrum, CAR welcomed 36 high school students participating in the college’s six day Women in Engineering summer camp, WiE RISE. While at CAR students split into teams to customize remote control vehicles for obstacle course challenges. They also worked with personnel from CAR’s autonomous and connected vehicles research group to complete various programming challenges with Sparki robots throughout the week, which culminated in a final competition. In addition to time spent at CAR, campers visited several research laboratories including the High Voltage Research Laboratory, as well as the Ohio State Airport during the annual camp.

WIE RISE // Camp teams customized remote control vehicles for obstacle course challenges.

Meet Graduate Student Polina Brodsky

From high school intern to doctoral Fellow at CAR

For Polina Brodsky, the last two summers of her high school career, those she spent as an intern with Ohio State’s Buckeye Current electric motorcycle, have profoundly affected her life’s work. Five years later, she’s headed to graduate school to earn her doctorate in mechanical engineering. After her time as a high school intern on the Buckeye Current team, she began her undergraduate career at Ohio State, dedicating hours per week and many sleepless nights to the motorcycle team, developing a passion for electric mobility. Her internships at Honda Research of America, Tesla and Ford Motor Company have fueled this passion over the past three summers. In autumn 2016, Polina will be admitted to the mechanical engineering doctoral program, receiving a prestigious University Fellowship. Advised by Marcello Canova, her doctoral research in mechanical engineering will focus on the core of electric vehicles: batteries. She aims to push the barriers of technology currently powering electric and hybrid vehicles, which will help to advance the growing field of electromobility. “Buckeye Current and the Center for Automotive Research have given me the unique opportunity of working with industry in my undergraduate career to give insight into the automotive field,” says Brodsky. “The hands-on engineering experience, connections to industry and leadership opportunities I have received at CAR have given me a platform to propel my future endeavors as I pursue a career in the automotive industry.”

Polina Brodsky


RESEARCH


Research Highlights FORD MOTOR COMPANY PARTNERSHIP

Strong industry relationships fuel success The unique nature of being an interdisciplinary center allows CAR to address many research areas of automobile technology, unmatched worldwide. CAR performs much of its work through well-established working partnerships with government and industry. It serves a wide array of companies—from small businesses to international corporations—and contributes to their capabilities in several technical fields.

A working partnership The Ford Motor Company has been close to the College of Engineering for many years. As one example, Ford Motor Company was instrumental in creating an endowment for the Ford Motor Company Chair in Electromechanical Systems in 1990, and has supported research programs at Ohio State for over 30 years. Ford was a key participant in the founding of the CAR Consortium in 1999. The relationship between CAR and Ford Research and Advanced Engineering grew over the years, and in 2013 an agreement was signed to add The Ohio State University to the selected list of Ford Alliance universities. CAR led negotiations that resulted in Ohio State being included in the Ford Alliance program, which at the time included only four other universities in North America. Under the agreement, and starting in 2014, Ford has sponsored research in diverse areas. Topics range from power electronic devices and systems to hybrid powertrains, to lithium battery degradation; and from advancements in turbocharged engines to life

cycle assessment of carbon fiber composites and preventing corrosion in multimaterial structures. In total, between fiscal years 2014 and 2016, Ford funded 21 University Research Program (URP) projects and 15 Ford Alliance projects. Ford funding supports 10 principal investigators in eight academic departments and three colleges, as well as supporting over 20 graduate students. This directly correlates into training the next generation of industry personnel. A number of students working on Ford-Ohio State Alliance projects and graduating from the College of Engineering have been recruited to work at Ford. Partnerships like the one with Ford Motor Company make it possible for CAR to carry out its mission of research and education. By working jointly with industry members to customize projects, CAR is able to provide solutions to research questions, while also training future automotive industry leaders.

FEDERAL PARTNERSHIP

China researchers on clean energy vehicle technology Ohio State has been selected as a research partner in two U.S. Department of Energy projects that aim to improve energy efficiency in cars and trucks for the United States and China. Both projects are part of the U.S. -China Clean Energy Research Center, which has been operating for five years and just received renewal for another five. As part of the Clean Vehicles Consortium, Ohio State researchers will help develop and demonstrate low-cost electric and hybrid vehicle architectures with highly efficient powertrain components and accessory strategies. In a separate project, called TRUCK for Truck Research Utilizing Collaborative Knowledge, the university will work to improve the energy efficiency of medium- and heavy-duty trucks. Both federal programs will be led by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and involve Tsinghua University, Tianjin University and other academic institutions in China. The United States and China are the world’s largest energy producers, energy consumers and greenhouse gas emitters. These research projects will enable the U.S. and China to leverage their best researchers and facilities to find more economical solutions to improve transportation efficiency more cost effectively.

Clean vehicles program In the clean vehicles project, Ohio State will collaborate with ANL, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and industry partners in the US, as well as with Tsinghua University and industry partners in China to develop advanced vehicle technologies

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that will reduce carbon emissions and will be integrated in vehicles with broad consumer appeal in both countries.

industry team members supported the work of U.S. members of the consortium during its first five years.

The $25 million program involves many other projects with additional national labs, laboratories and automotive industry partners.

CUMMINS INC. PARTNERSHIP

TRUCK program

In a project led by Cummins Inc. along with partner PACCAR, CAR is set to work alongside National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Argonne National Laboratory to develop a Class 6 commercial plug-in hybrid electric vehicle that can reduce fuel consumption by at least 50 percent over conventional Class 6 vehicles. The project is funded by a $4.5 million grant from the U.S. Department of Energy.

The TRUCK program will address cost-effective measures to improve on-road freight efficiency by greater than 50 percent compared to today’s vehicles. Ohio State will collaborate with ANL as well as Cummins Inc. of Columbus, Indiana, long-time partner of Ohio State on developing hybrid-fuel trucks, to contribute expertise in hybrid electric powertrain and energy storage system design, simulation and testing at the Center for Automotive Research. Other partners with Ohio State in the TRUCK project are Freightliner Custom Chassis Corp., Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Purdue University and the University of Michigan. This program is also supported by a $25 million commitment from both the U.S. and China. Ohio State’s selection to participate in the renewed international partnership resulted from its success in the first phase of the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center Clean Vehicles Consortium, which started in 2011. The research enabled Ohio State and universities in China to transfer knowledge through an intensive exchange program of faculty and students. Funds totaling $12.5 million from the Department of Energy and a combined $17 million from its university and

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RESEARCH

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CAR works with Cummins Inc. team to develop Class 6 PHEV trucks

When fully loaded, Class 6 vehicles weigh between approximately 19,000 and 26,000 pounds and typical examples include school buses or single axle work trucks. The researchers aim to demonstrate improved fuel consumption and state of the art drivability and performance regardless of environmental conditions. Learn more: go.osu.edu/Class6

OTHER RECENT AWARDS ›› NSF CAREER Award: Marcello Canova (see page 22) ›› S  tate of Ohio’s Federal Research Network (FRN): awarded $600,000 over two years to research, develop and prototype a novel high-energy density lithium ion battery based on advanced silicon anodes for the defense and aerospace industries. This project is part of a statewide strategy to stimulate economic development and jobs, and the winning team is formed by University of Akron, The Ohio State University, University of Toledo, pH Matter LLC, Lubrizol Advanced Materials Inc., GrafTech International Holdings Inc., Akron Polymer Systems LLC and CAR Technologies LLC.


CRIS-UTC Updates As they examine the events that occur in the final seconds before a vehicle collision, researchers at The Ohio State University’s Crash Imminent Safety (CrIS) University Transportation Center (UTC) strive to reduce the severity of human injury in automobile accidents, reduce the occurrence of accidents and to ultimately save lives in doing so. The UTC research team comprises over 20 faculty and researchers from Ohio State and partner universities, including Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, University of Massachusetts-Amherst and University of WisconsinMadison. The center and its research are funded by a U.S. Department of Transportation grant.

RENEWAL ACHIEVED! U.S. Department of Transportation Crash Imminent Safety University Transportation Center program extended through September 20, 2018. Additional funding was for $1,393,300, raising the total funding of the program to $4,209,600.

Project Overviews PROJECT 1

Pre-crash multi-vehicle experimental analysis using a networked multiple driving simulator facility PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS: Janet Weisenberger (Ohio State); Yaobin Chen; Don Fisher; Abdollah Homaifar; John Lee; Umit Ozguner (Ohio State); Keith Redmill (Ohio State); Don Stredney (Ohio State)

simulation facility in which multiple vehicles interact—vehicles will be driven by people, others will be autonomous and some will be autonomous to varying levels (with people in the driver’s seat but disengaged to various levels from the actual driving of the vehicle). This project will enable testing of drivers with autonomous vehicle systems with an unprecedented capability in multi-driver and multi-vehicle interaction studies. In addition, this project will generate standard scenarios that can be shared with the transportation research and education community.

PROJECT 2

Driver models for both human and autonomous vehicles with different sensing technologies and near-crash activity PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS: Umit Ozguner (Ohio State); Don Fisher; Abdollah Homaifar; John Lee; David Woods (Ohio State) MAJOR GOALS: Ohio State has developed the multi-agent models of the driver and the vehicle that can be used to inform the design principles for optimized autonomous vehicles. In Year 2, the team is continuing its model-building and estimation efforts, and starting to investigate possible closed-loop impact through future active safety systems that make decisions based on the insight generated by human driver models.

PROJECT 3

Cognitive attention models for driver engagement in intelligent and semi-autonomous vehicles PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS: John Lee; Don Fisher; Abdollah Homaifar; David Woods (Ohio State) MAJOR GOALS: The focus of this project is to improve the state-of-the-art in human cognitive modeling in order to more accurately describe the human-machine interfaces that take place in the pre-crash scenarios. In this project researchers undertake multiple sub-projects, each concentrating on a different aspect of refining the model of driver-automation interaction and assess performance in response to critical pre-crash safety events. Sub-projects include: role of attention in intelligent and semi-autonomous vehicles; smooth transfer of control between responsible human driver and the artificial driving suite; and near real-time computation and utilization of maximum safe operating envelopes in coordinated synthetic driving.

MAJOR GOALS: To evaluate human performance and resulting crash safety, the UTC will develop a robust

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PROJECT 4

Bio-injury implications of pre-crash safety modeling and intervention PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS: John Bolte (Ohio State), lead; Janet Weisenberger (Ohio State) MAJOR GOALS: To directly address the UTC’s human physiology strategy. Researchers use bio-injury data from given crash scenarios to suggest evasive action/ driver position best suited to reduce injury. The research will result in crash and injury databases that will be useful to better understand injuries which occur during three defined crash scenarios: lead vehicle stopped: spine and extremities; vehicle turning at a non-signalized junction: thorax; and vehicle changes lanes: head and face.

PROJECT 5

Pre-crash interactions between pedestrians and cyclists and intelligent vehicles PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS: Yoabin Chen; Don Fisher; Umit Ozguner (Ohio State) MAJOR GOALS: This project investigates how autonomous and semi-autonomous vehicle systems

can be configured and improved to accommodate pedestrian and bicycle safety. The project comprises both the modeling track and experimental track components, with a specific focus on pre-crash scenarios involving pedestrians and cyclists. Activities include: creating a driving simulation model of a pedestrian forward collision imminent braking (CIB); Integrating the active safety sensing information in vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) study by linking V2V and CIB capabilities together to allow a pedestrian CIB system tell other vehicles of the presence of pedestrians; computerassisted alcohol infusion system to study various types of drunk driving incidents.

PROJECT 6

Safety policy implications and information dissemination PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS: Beth-Anne Schuelke-Leech (Ohio State); Umit Ozguner (Ohio State); Janet Weisenberger (Ohio State); David Woods (Ohio State) MAJOR GOALS: The project has connections to all of the other UTC projects and will include, at the earliest stages, a policy component of the hypothesis testing, experiment planning and outcomes assessment elements, with the goal of positioning the UTC’s research program to have maximum awareness of, and alignment with, policy needs. This alignment is expected to result in earlier adoption of autonomous and intelligent vehicle technologies, thereby accelerating improvement and impact of U.S. Department of Transportation’s safety performance metrics and goals.

PROJECT 7

Technology and enhancements to improve pre-crash safety PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS: Umit Ozguner (Ohio State); Yoabin Chen; Benn Coifman (Ohio State); Abdollah Homaifar; Eylem Ekici (Ohio State); Fusun Ozguner (Ohio State); Keith Redmill (Ohio State); Zheng, Zheng

Researchers use bio-injury data from given crash scenarios to suggest evasive action/driver position best suited to reduce injury

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MAJOR GOALS: The focuses of this project are on technology improvements that can be implemented in intelligent and autonomous vehicles toward the goal of improving pre-crash safety. There are multiple sub-projects, each concentrating on a different new technology. Sub-projects include securing data transfer methods to support crash-imminent safety situations; cognitive radio-based communication; EEG and lane change intent; analyzing and mining big data of driving videos for crash avoidance; safety implications of traffic dynamics in congested freeway traffic; and smart cities: the first-mile last-mile problem.


Personnel In the 2015-2016 academic year, there were a total of 258 associates:

99

26

49

Graduate Students

Research Associates/Research Fellows

Visiting Scholars

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering: 50 Electrical and Computer Engineering: 35 Materials Science Engineering: 5 Biomedical Engineering: 2 Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering: 2 Industrial Systems Engineering: 2 Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering: 1 Computer Science Engineering: 1 Welding Engineering: 1

Research and Administration Support Staff

50

Undergraduate Student Assistants

34

Total CARAffiliated Faculty

11 Core

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Fiscal TOTAL EXPENDITURES: $10,244,315

$3,902,319 (38%): Fuel Economy and Advanced Propulsion Systems Research

FY16

(FY15 = $10.7M)

Research Activity: Total Expenditures = $6,841,800 (67%) Operating Activity

$1,616,846 (16%)

$2,364,247 (23%): Connected and Automated Vehicles Research

$272,990 (2%)

Continuing Education Ohio State Motorsports Engineering Services

$891,163 (9%)

$621,516 (6%)

$575,234 (6%): Other Research

RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING SERVICES ACTIVITY FY16

RESEARCH EXPENDITURES (M)

$8 $4

$6

$3

$5 $4

$2

$3 $2

$1

$1 $0

16

$7

RESEARCH

FY10

FY11

FY12

FY13

FY14

FY15

FY16

$0

TOTAL RESEARCH EXPENDITURES (M)

$9

$5

Federal: Direct, Federal Flow-Through Industry: Direct, Consortium, Engineering Services, Sponsored Programs State: Direct, Ohio Third Frontier Internal R&D: Graduate Fee Authorizations, Gifts Total


RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING SERVICES ACTIVITY FY16 by Category and Sponsor

THOUSANDS $0

$500

$1,000

$1,500

$2,000

$2,500

$3,000

$3,500

$4,000

$4,500

FEDERAL US DoT NSF US DoE NASA

STATE INDUSTRY Engineering Services OEM1 OEM2 Supplier1 OEM3 Consortium Memberships Supplier2 Supplier3 Consulting OEM4 OEM5 Supplier4

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Consortium Membership Updated program to meet industry needs

The mission of the Center for Automotive Research (CAR) Consortium Membership is to provide a unique opportunity for industry to engage in original, highly leveraged precompetitive research in automotive and transportation systems, with focus on advanced propulsion systems; fuel economy; vehicle safety, connectivity and autonomy; and advanced driver assistance systems. It also provides a means of financial support for incoming graduate students to increase the production of graduates who meet the stringent requirements of today’s automotive industry.

GENERAL INFORMATION AND BENEFITS Members are involved in the definition of the program’s research agenda and are encouraged to participate in and steer the direction of the projects. Details: car.osu.edu/industry/car-industrial-consortium

MEMBERS Delphi returns to CAR Consortium Membership!

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ABOUT The CAR Consortium Membership program has been in operation since 1999, seeing the participation of 25 automotive original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and suppliers. In addition to the opportunity to participate in leveraged, precompetitive research, the consortium also provides the opportunity to prepare graduate students for future careers in the automotive industry, and gives members an outlet to reach undergraduate students through capstone design and other project activities, and to benefit from focused recruitment events. New and renewed projects begin each calendar year and updates are provided to members throughout the year. A final project review is hosted by a member company late in November or early in December. Following the review, deliverables are available to members through a secure website. The newly renovated laboratories at CAR, access to continued support from CAR personnel, and the availability of the Transportation Research Center (TRC) are some of the leveraging benefits members receive, in addition to the outcomes of the research projects.

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®

Consortium Researchers CAR welcomes new Ohio State faculty who join its consortium research initiatives: ›› R  yan Harne- Assistant professor, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering ›› E  mre Koksal- Associate professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering ›› A  ndy May- Assistant professor, Department of Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering ›› A  rda Kurt- Assistant clinical professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering


CAR CONSORTIUM LEVELS Silver Level $10,000

Gold Level $30,0000

Platinum Level $50,0000

Showcase/feature members in CAR marketing materials

Networking events and membership-wide research presentations

Motorsports team sponsorship and capstone design project funding

Opportunity to present technical seminars to student groups at CAR

Corporate mentorship for graduate students

Membership sponsored exploratory research reporting meetings

Input on project selection for exploratory research projects

BENEFIT

Direct project selection for exploratory research projects Consulting time with faculty and senior research staff Continuing education benefits Exclusive, secure access to CAR knowledge repository

20hrs, $5K value

40hrs, $10K value

5 seats

10 seats

Information sessions for students and posting of job openings

Resume books: Access to resumes of CAR-affiliated students

10% discount on testing services

5% discount on engineering and design services

KEY

Networking and marketing Student interaction

Exploratory research

Recruitment

Knowledge sharing

Services

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Global Education Outreach INTERNATIONAL CLASSES EXPAND CAR’S REACH CAR continued its nontraditional reach by offering new short courses to the international engineering community. While participating in two different conferences, Professors Giorgio Rizzoni and Marcello Canova taught tutorials covering topics in electromobility and energy storage. Both courses were attended by academicians and industry members alike. During IEEE’s Transportation Electrification Conference and Exposition, held June 1-4, 2016 in Busan, Korea, Rizzoni taught a course focused on energy conversion and utilization in hybrid electric vehicles. The tutorial reviewed the fundamentals of hybrid electric vehicles, covering reasons for hybridization, energy analysis, architectures and components, energy modeling, vehicle simulation, energy optimization strategies and supervisory control. Later in June, ahead of the 8th Annual IFAC Symposium on Advances in Automotive Control in Kolmarden, Sweden, Rizzoni and Canova co-taught a two day tutorial entitled Lithium Ion Batteries for Electromobility: Performance, Life Estimation and Life Extension. The tutorial provided an introduction to lithium ion battery technology for energy storage in electrified vehicles, with focus on the state-of-theart and the critical issues that are inspiring today’s research and development efforts. It also explained the basic operation and electrochemical principles of lithium ion batteries, physics-based and controloriented modeling techniques for characterization of performance and aging, and introduced students to the problems of degradation, life estimation and prognostics.

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As part of its mission, CAR provides such educational programs to equip students and professionals with the specialized knowledge needed for innovation in the industry.

Smart City Challenge

Ohio State plays role in Columbus’ Smart Cities Award Collaboration between Columbus and local partners, including Ohio State, helped the city beat out 70 competitors to be named the nation’s Smart City by the U.S. Department of Transportation. Researchers and facilities at The Ohio State University will play a central role as the collaborative Smart City team comes together under an unprecedented $140 million program to transform Central Ohio into the nation’s premier transportation innovation region. Columbus’ application includes numerous transportation innovations. These include: the expanded use of smart and electric vehicles; technology solutions to address obstacles that low-income residents face in using transportation; the development of smart corridors to improve transit service and efficiency; enhanced quality and

MEET CARLA BAILO Carla Bailo is the assistant vice president for mobility research and business development at The Ohio State University, where she helps the university accelerate sustainable mobility and transportation innovation, while integrating related research and education across Ohio State’s academic units. Bailo also is charged with increasing and expanding Ohio State’s corporate, foundation, state and federal partnerships. In her most recent project, Bailo successfully helped the region to achieve the title of the nation’s Smart City.


timeliness of traffic condition data along with a routing app for trucks to improve movement and delivery of freight; and real time information about traffic and parking conditions to minimize impacts associated with major events or incidents. Ohio State worked with the City of Columbus on every element of the bid,” said Carla Bailo, assistant vice president for mobility research and business development at Ohio State. “We applied our leadership in research of connected and autonomous vehicles, as well as transportation systems and human behavior.” Through its expertise in sensors, for example, Ohio State will play a major role in developing the initiative for a publicly available real-time traffic condition database. Bailo and Joanna Pinkerton, Ohio State’s codirector of the Honda/OSU Partnership, coordinated involvement among university centers and affiliates, including the Center for Automotive Research (CAR), Crash Imminent Safety University Transportation Center, Transportation Research Center, Center for Urban and Regional Analysis, and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

A NOTE FROM CARLA The Smart City Challenge was introduced in December 2015 with the aim to utilize connected/autonomous vehicles to reduce congestion, improve road safety and increase vehicle electrification and improve the carbon footprint of the electrification source. This was an excellent fit with initiatives already launched at the university and Ohio State participated full time with the City of Columbus in writing both the initial and final proposal. There was a core Ohio State team created to support the proposal writing and this team is still intact and slightly expanded to assist with the next steps after winning the award. The timing for the implementation of the pilot deployments in each of the four districts will be 2017-2018 academic year. This will allow nearly two years of data analysis and improvement in order to replicate these pilots in other similar cities. Ohio State will be involved in the pilots as a subject matter expert or advisor. The data gathering, pilot improvement and expansion will be a key role for the faculty involved. Understanding the data with the mindset of improving citizens’ lives requires a holistic view only possible by the expertise on campus.

The university’s existing partnerships with mobility companies and vehicle manufacturers, industry groups and government agencies also helped contribute to the city’s comprehensive and winning approach. Learn more: go.osu.edu/smartcities

Working on an automated golf cart.

RESEARCH

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Faculty News CANOVA RECEIVES NSF CAREER AWARD Assistant Professor Marcello Canova has earned the National Science Foundation (NSF) Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award for his research proposal titled, “A New Model Order Reduction Framework for Control Storage Systems for Electrified Vehicles.” The award, which recognizes outstanding junior faculty, provides Canova with funding across five years in the amount of a $500,000 grant. Automotive propulsion technologies have become considerably complex as manufacturers strive to improve fuel economy, emissions, safety and the driver experience, requiring the adoption of advanced control and estimation algorithms. The CAREER award will build the first-ever framework that systematically transfers the accuracy and fidelity of physics-based models into low-order models suitable for control design. Ford Motor Company and General Motors Corporation will participate in the research, providing oversight and facilitating technology transfer. Research, education and outreach will be integrated through The Ohio State University’s Buckeye Current electric motorcycle team, inspired by e-mobility, e-racing and sustainable transportation. Integration will also be pursued through the enrichment of existing courses, creation of webbased teaching tools and student internship programs, and by collaborating with the Teaching Engineering to K-8 (TEK8) programs to attract young talent from underrepresented groups. Canova is an associate fellow at Ohio State’s Center for Automotive Research (CAR). His research interests include advanced automotive systems, hybrid and

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electric vehicles; advanced energy conversion and storage systems for automotive applications; wasteheat recovery for automotive systems and analysis and optimization and control of dynamic systems, among others. “We are delighted with such a prestigious recognition and support of Canova’s creative research,” said Ahmet Selamet, chair, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. The NSF CAREER Award Program is a foundation-wide activity that offers the NSF’s most prestigious award in support of junior faculty who exemplify the role of teacher-scholars through outstanding research, excellent education and the integration of education and research within the context of the mission of their organizations. Learn more: go.osu.edu/MCnsf

INCOMING FACULTY: JUNG-HYUN KIM

Expert in energy conversion and storage systems to augment Ohio State’s Discovery Themes initiative The Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering has selected Jung-Hyun Kim to join the university as assistant professor of mechanical engineering, where his work will uniquely focus on battery life extension with real world testing and validation. He will also have an appointment in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, as well as being an Associate Fellow of the Center for Automotive Research. Professor Kim is part of a cohort recruited under the discovery themes. Ohio State’s Discovery Themes is a significant faculty hiring investment in key thematic areas in which the university can build on its culture of academic collaboration to make a global impact. This hire is specifically included in a cohort focused on energy conversion and storage, and related technologies that connect materials science with chemistry and systems. Kim will be a key element in the creation of a new, multidisciplinary energy research hub. The hub is part of a world class network of laboratories and centers supporting energy research including CAR, the Center for Electron Microscopy and Analysis and Nanotech West.


Coming from industry Kim has a strong understanding of industry needs and brings with him a wealth of knowledge on this topic. He started as a researcher at General Motors Global Research and Development Center in Warren Michigan in 2011, then was promoted to senior research associate in 2013. His research interests encompass a wide range of energy related topics, including development of ceramic and polymer materials for automotive batteries, fuel cells, and gas permeation membranes. Kim joins The Ohio State University in August 2016.

INCOMING FACULTY: ARDA KURT

“Gadget geek” finds his home at Ohio State

Recently announced, Arda Kurt is set to begin his appointment as a research assistant professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at The Ohio State University on July 1, 2016. While it’s a new position for him, he certainly can’t claim status as “new.” He arrived at The Ohio State University as a graduate student in 2005 and has been part of the department and the Center for Automotive Research (CAR) since.

Arda Kurt makes adjustments to an automated vehicle.

“This has been a gradual change for me,” he explained. “I’ve been a co-PI and have been taking more responsibility along the way, so now I can lead projects. I have supervised students in the lab, for example, and now I can advise students. I will be able to bring graduate students in to my lab.” Prior to coming to Ohio State as a doctoral student, Kurt received his undergraduate and master’s degrees at Bilkent University in Turkey. “I deal with a lot of high-level decision making and control. How do you make a driverless vehicle act as a human being would act? When do you make a lane change for instance? We do this day in and day out when we are driving. We try to figure out if that car near us is going to turn left if the turn signal isn’t activated. We call it Human Intention Estimation – trying to create a model of a set of decisions a driver makes in a specific situation.”

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ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT


Engineering Services UNIQUE TESTING AND DEVELOPMENT FACILITIES Helping Industry Move from Concept to Commercialization

Engineering Services at The Ohio State University Center for Automotive Research provides high-quality engineering to industrial clients in the areas of testing and development at a competitive price. The CAR team serves a wide variety of clients spanning the entire automotive and transportation industries. Clients are offered a unique combination of: ›› Professionally conducted engineering services ›› D  irect access to the deep knowledge base of The Ohio State University ›› O  n-demand test support for vehicles, components and systems ›› State-of-the-art testing equipment ›› C  ollaboration with talented and passionate engineering students

Efficiency and Productivity – Less Time; Less Logistical Challenges Today’s automotive landscape requires that testing provides a faster path to market at a competitive cost. While on-road, “real world” testing can be a good way to test new transportation technologies, it isn’t always ideal. Engineers and research and development professionals are often faced with the challenges of being able to control the testing environment. Add to this the cost and logistics of shipping vehicles or parts to testing sites, and it’s simple to see that “real world” testing has real limitations. PHOTOS ABOVE // CAR’s unique facilities provide opportunity for testing and engineering services

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

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CAR’s engineering services offers a controlled testing environment that can be manipulated precisely to achieve goals. Located on the campus of The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio, CAR works with clients to create specific laboratory conditions to test their technologies. This helps clients move out of the testing phase in a fraction of the time of onroad testing. Less time and less logistical headaches means less money… and that’s always the goal in commercializing automotive technologies.

Facilities and Equipment – State-of-the-art; Controlled; Customizable

AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION CLIENTS CAR serves clients across the automotive and transportation industries, including: ›› Original Equipment Automobile Manufacturers: 10% ›› Tier 1 Suppliers: 14% ›› Transportation Industry: 14% ›› Heavy Duty Truck Manufacturers: 10% ›› Other Automotive Equipment/Technologies: 52%

Clients have access to the testing facilities at the Center for Automotive Research (CAR) as well as The Ohio State University at large. Additionally, CAR is directly affiliated with Transportation Research Center, Inc., providing outdoor, dynamic full vehicle test facilities. The entire scope of the transportation industry testing needs can be achieved at the CAR facilities using the following testing equipment. Facilities include: ›› Engine and chassis dynamometers ›› L  aboratories: alternative fuel and exhaust after-treatment, combustion and flow, high voltage power electronics, networking and communications; battery testing, aging and characterization facilities ›› H  igh performance computing for modeling and simulation Learn more: car.osu.edu/industry/engineering-services

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ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

CAR’s light duty chassis dynamometer.


Commercialization CAR SPIN-OFF SIMPLE-FILL

Simple-Fill wants to change the way America fuels its vehicles with compressed natural gas The company was formed in 2013 and licensed compression technology from The Ohio State University that was originally conceived by the Center for Automotive Research. Simple-Fill’s technology uses a liquid piston to compress, cool and dehydrate natural gas. The result is a compressor that approaches near isothermal conditions (improved efficiency) and is lower cost. Because Simple-Fill’s compressor contains no moving parts within the compression chamber and uses rugged off-the-shelf hydraulic parts, the compressor is more durable and requires less maintenance than a reciprocating piston compressor. The technology addresses one of the largest environmental issues faced by reciprocating piston compressors: leaks. Simple-Fill’s technology is a hydraulic compressor. Accordingly, it cannot leak methane, a greenhouse gas known to be more harmful than carbon dioxide. Notable events over the last fiscal year include: ›› C  hief technical officer hired: Fabio Chiara, former CAR research scientist and one of the inventors of Simple-Fill’s technology, joins the team ›› S  ignificant redesign of Simple-Fill’s initial two-stage compressor into a singlestage compressor that is commercially viable. Subsequently, Simple-Fill constructed and is testing the compressor. ›› M  emorandum of understanding established with Safelite Auto Glass to install their first compressed natural gas compressor at their Worthington, Ohio facility

NEW PROTOTYPE // Simple-Fill has continued to build its technology and has developed a second generation prototype.

›› Upcoming milestones: • Installation and commissioning of first compressor at Safelite Auto Glass • Fundraising goal of $3.5 million, to be used for: • M  odest redesign of technology to incorporate necessary learnings • B  uild and deployment of six units across the United States to test in a variety of environmental conditions • Beginning the process of commercialization

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

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FUTURE PLANS


›› Engineering Services ›› Memberships in CAR Consortium ›› Research programs Key Strategy #2: Develop a customer-facing, flexible organization ›› Build CAR data analytics expertise through tools and people ›› A  lign strategy with key partners in the Ohio State, local, state and federal government, and industry Key Strategy #3: Hire, grow and retain CAR talent ›› B  uild a world-class safety culture

*Industry research sponsored 31% of CAR’s total graduate students in 2016

CAR

Gr a

Automotive Industry

nding t Fu en ud St

›› Strategically develop and expanding staff

d

To support the team at CAR this upcoming year, a focused plan has been developed that improves strategies, supports the mission and provides the most effective support to partners. This plan consists of three operational strategies.

›› Distance education programs

arch se Re Team

CAR—with its facilities and its technical and administrative staff—supports cross-functional teams from several departments and colleges across the university to perform multidisciplinary research. This work connects researchers, faculty, students and industry together into one highly skilled, highly efficient center. The multidisciplinary faculty receive strong support from the center, in the form of assistance with proposal writing and grant management, laboratory facilities and technical support for specialized research equipment, and bringing automotive industry connections to the wider university community.

Key Strategy #1: Grow research and revenue to increase students and support staff through:

Res e Res arch ult s

A research center is a non-degree granting educational unit of the university primarily engaged in research. The Center for Automotive Research works effectively to collaborate across different departments within the College of Engineering and to join forces with other colleges in The Ohio State University to create a comprehensive group focusing on advancing the automotive industry. Research centers are the backbone of the College of Engineering’s research growth and participate significantly in student development, practical learning application and new faculty development.

OPERATIONAL STRATEGIES FOR FISCAL YEAR 2017

Spo nso rsh ip*

Operating the Center for Automotive Research

Students A p p li e d E x p e ri e n c e Workforce

FUTURE PLANS

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Collaborating Faculty MAE //Mechanical and

ECE //Electrical and

Aerospace Engineering Bilin Aksun Guvenc** Connected and automated vehicles, vehicle control systems. Functional safety.

Marcello Canova** Energy conversion and energy storage systems for automotive applications, dynamic system modeling and optimization

Denny Guenther†Vehicle dynamics and vehicle design

Yann Guezennec** Energy conversion and storage systems for automotive applications

Computer Engineering

Levent Guvenc**

Giorgio Rizzoni**

Eylem Ekici*

Andrea Serrani*

Automotive control and mechatronics; autonomous road vehicles; cooperative mobility; robust control.

System dynamics, measurements, control, and fault diagnosis with application to automotive systems

Computer networks, wireless and satellite systems, routing protocols and QoS provisioning

Nonlinear control and systems theory, guidance and control of aerospace, underwater and terrestrial vehicles

Ryan Harne*

Ahmet Selamet**

Emre Koksal*

Jiankang Wang*

Mechanics, dynamics, vibrations, acoustics, and waves

Internal combustion engines, acoustics, noise control, combustion, heat transfer and fluid dynamics

Wireless communication and networking

Power system operation and planning, electricity markets, demand side management, distributed generation and renewable energy

Vishnu Sundaresan*

Automated and connected vehicles, automotive control, intelligent vehicles

Joseph Heremans* Thermal properties of matter and applications to energy conversion

Seung-Hyun Kim* Turbulent combustion

Shawn Midlam-Mohler** Model-based design of complex systems, advanced automotive powertrain systems

Smart material systems

Arda Kurt**

Fusun Ozguner†Junmin Wang** Control modeling and estimation diagnosis of automotive systems

High performance parallel computing

Wei Zhang* Umit Ozguner†Intelligent control of large, decentralized systems, automotive control, intelligent vehicle highway systems

Keith Redmill** Autonomous vehicles and robots, intelligent transportation systems, vehicle and bus tracking, wireless data communication, CDPD, GPS and GIS technologies

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Jin Wang* Power electronics circuits and control for renewable energy and hybrid electric and fuel cell vehicles

Control and estimation of hybrid dynamical systems


MSE // Materials

Science Engineering

ISE // Integrated

Systems Engineering

Gerald Frankel* Degradation of materials, atmospheric corrosion, corrosion inhibition

CEGE //Civil,

Environmental and Geodetic Engineering

and Biomolecular Engineering

Ramteen Sioshansi*

Benjamin Coifman*

Bhavik Ramesh Bakshi*

Operations research, energy systems

ITS, traffic flow mechanisms, traffic surveillance

Sustainability science and engineering, process systems engineering

David Woods*

Andy May**

Cognitive engineering; complexity and resilience; autonomous systems; sensor overload

FAES //Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences

CBE //Chemical

College of Medicine Amanda Agnew* Human anatomy and biologic anthropology

John Bolte** Injury biomechanics; child injury prevention

Air quality

ASC // College of Arts and Sciences

Katrina Cornish*

Anne Co*

CROP AND HORTICULTURAL SCIENCES: Bio-based emergent materials; natural rubber biosynthesis and production

CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY: Electrochemistry; electro catalysis for energy conversion and storage

*received funding through CAR, **primary CAR faculty, †faculty emeritus

Jan Weisenberger* SPEECH AND HEARING SCIENCES: Hearing science, driver behavior

APPENDIX

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CAR Champions

Prestigious Dwight Blaser Meritorious Service Award A special citation presented annually to individuals whose sustained and extraordinary personal services have had a significant and lasting effect on the advancement of Ohio State’s Center for Automotive Research.

QUALIFICATIONS Individual must have shown both extraordinary effort and sustained interest. Examples of activities which will be favorably considered are: fund raising, alumni organization work, substantial giving, participation in strategic and technical planning activities, support of research, extraordinary recruitment activities. Active Ohio State faculty and staff are not eligible. For emeritus faculty, the citation would be based principally upon activity performed after retirement. The recipient need not be an Ohio State alumnus.

BACKGROUND Dwight Blaser, PhD, was an alumnus of The Ohio State University. He was also a retiree of the General Motors Corporation where he served as the director of research and development. Additionally, Blaser had been a member of the CAR External Advisory Board since its establishment in the mid-1990s. To recognize Blaser’s generous gift of time, experience and wisdom, CAR created an award in his name.

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PREVIOUS AWARDEES ›› 2015 Gary Parker, Director, Powertrain Systems Cummins Inc. ›› 2014 Cyndy Bonsignore, The Ohio State University College of Engineering ›› 2  013 Dave Tatman, General Motors Bowling Green Assembly Plant Manager, General Motors Corporation ›› 2  012 Rick Renwick, Chief Engineer, Ford Motor Company Global Engine Engineering ›› 2011 Kenneth P. Dudek, CEO, CAR Technologies, LLC ›› 2010 Robert E. Lee, Senior Vice President, Chrysler Group, LLC ›› 2009 James Wolever, Chief Engineer, Honda America Manufacturing ›› 2008 Mark Schwabero, President, Mercury Marine

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2016 AWARDEE

Lori Herman, Global University Research Programs (URP) manager, Ford Motor Company Lori graduated from The Ohio State University with a bachelor’s degree in industrial and systems engineering. During her time at Ohio State, she was the president of the Women Engineers, president of Phi Sigma Rho sorority and received the Women in Engineering Leadership Award twice, as well as serving in a number of other campus organizations. Lori joined Ford Motor Company immediately after her graduation from Ohio State, starting in the Ford College Graduate rotational program in manufacturing. After her participation in that program, Lori has been in various roles at Ford, including Manufacturing (Vehicle Operations), Marketing and Product Development (Body Exterior and Body Interior). She has held leadership positions on several vehicle programs and cross-carline projects. In March 2014 Lori made a career move into Ford’s Research and Advanced Engineering organization as the Global University Research Programs (URP) manager, where she has also assumed the responsibilities of the management of Ohio State Ford Framework Alliance research initiative. Lori’s work as the Ohio State Ford Alliance Framework manager has allowed her to directly interface with CAR researchers and students as they jointly work with Ford on research programs. Additionally she has served as lead engineering recruiter for the Ford Ohio State campus recruiting team. In 2015 alone, 83 Ohio State students joined the Ford team either as a Ford College Graduate, direct hire or intern—64 of those students were from the College of Engineering. Lori also arranged for a visit to CAR from Ford’s Executive Vice President and President of the Americas Joe Hinrichs. In her free time she also enjoys keeping track of the Ohio State Alumni across Ford—now over 500!—and planning local Buckeye events.

CHAMPION // Herman poses with CAR director Giorgio Rizzoni

The award was presented by Giorgio Rizzoni, CAR’s director, at the spring 2016 semiannual external advisory board meeting.

// Fun Fact: Lori has served as the lead engineering recruiter for the Ford Ohio State Recruiting Team

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Address: 930 Kinnear Road, Columbus, OH 43212 Phone: 614-292-5990 Fax: 614-688-4111 Email: car@osu.edu Online: car.osu.edu go.osu.edu/CARLinkedIn Facebook.com/OSUCenterforAutomotiveResearch @OSUCtrAutoRsrch

Read this report online!

Center for Automotive Research Annual Report FY2016, The Ohio State University  

The Ohio State University Center for Automotive Research's annual report for fiscal year 2016

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