CENTER FOR AUTOMOTIVE RESEARCH
ANNUAL REPORT 2015
Table of Contents
EDUCATION pg 4
RESEARCH pg 10
Preparing future automotive industry leaders.
Innovating solutions that affect future transportation and mobility.
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT pg 24 Cultivating teamwork and synergy among multiple disciplines, while responding to the needs of our clients and partners.
FUTURE PLANS pg 28
APPENDIX pg 30
Affecting tomorrow’s mobility—from energy and environmental consequences to safety, information and communication systems and lifestyle and consumer choices.
About CAR The Center for Automotive Research was established in 1991 to provide the ground transportation industry with interdisciplinary research programs in automotive engineering and related areas. For the past 25 years CAR has strived to achieve this goal through research, education, service and outreach. The changing realities of the transportation industry have been the impetus for evolution in the center over the years. Today CAR meets the spirit of its original charter in a number of creative and innovative ways that include educational programs ranging from STEM to professional education, applied and fundamental research to providing engineering services to industry partners of all sizes, engaging in public-private partnerships to providing opportunities for experiential education for graduate and undergraduate students. As CAR approaches its second quarter century, the original values embodied in its charter continue to drive its commitment to innovation and leadership in ground transportation research. Today’s Center for Automotive Research employs 50 full time associates to help fulfill the research and outreach mission of the center. Nearly 90 graduate students, 250 undergraduate students and 40 participating faculty fuel the mission to educate, innovate and support economic development. CAR’s research and educational mission broadly focuses on the energy efficiency, environmental impact and safety and intelligence of the vehicles of tomorrow with a strong focus on sustainable mobility. The physical facilities of CAR, located in two buildings on Ohio State’s West Campus, include light and heavy-duty dynamometers, engine and powertrain dynamometers, energy storage systems laboratories, autonomous and connected vehicle laboratories and all the related supporting infrastructure—such
as machine shops, electronics laboratories, computational laboratories—that are necessary to fulfill its mission. One of the points of pride over the years has been the value placed by the mobility industry on the quality of the center’s graduates. The pipeline of developing these graduates begins with the center’s high school summer internship program and extends to undergraduate student opportunities on six well-established student project teams, a multitude of industry-sponsored motorsports senior capstone design projects, access to the Graduate Specialization in Automotive Systems Engineering program and countless opportunities for master’s and doctoral projects. CAR is proud of the educational and career opportunities available to students of all ranks.
A Note from the Director The Center for Automotive Research has a long history of providing opportunities to enhance and supplement the education of undergraduate and graduate students. This note wishes to recognize that of the three elements of our mission statement, education is the number one, and we are proud to have participated in the education of thousands of engineers during the life of the center. This theme is especially relevant today as the automotive industry, having emerged from some difficult recession years, is actively reinventing itself—through alliances, partnerships, the introduction of connected vehicles, ever-increasing challenges related to fuel economy and emissions regulations, mega-trends such as urbanization and diverse mobility needs in various regions of the world, and the aging population in some locations, along with younger generations who do not view mobility in the same way as their parents did.
CIRCUITRY TALK // Rizzoni talks circuitry with graduate student Nathan Lord In the face of such momentous developments—which are at least as significant as those that took place at the turn of the nineteenth century when the automobile was invented—these changes are pushing the automotive industry to change itself from an organizational perspective, business perspective and technological perspective. Industry leaders understand that this
change must be embraced by the new hires who are entering the workforce today, and who will in a few short years become the thought leaders and the drivers of this revolution in the automotive industry. Our center, in concert with academic departments and other centers in engineering and around the university, is a leader in providing our students with opportunities to expand their education by participating in team-oriented activities, ranging from competitive student projects to advanced research programs with multiple publicprivate sector partners. Further, these projects expose our students not only the technical side of automotive engineering, but also to interactions with multiple partners, collaborative work methods that even include collaborations across continents and an exposure to business practices and to social issues that will shape the automotive industry of tomorrow. From supporting the WeTruck initiative—that aims to develop low-cost, low pollution, transportation that can be effectively used in developing countries to free people from tedious toil and help them develop a growing sustainable economy—to competing in the challenging Pikes Peak International Hill Climb with a student designed and built electric motorcycle to the participation in the China-USA Clean Energy Research Center that sees partnerships between Chinese and U.S. institutions for research and development projects that engage major original equipment manufacturers, their suppliers and government agencies, CAR provides a fertile ground to prepare the next generation of automotive industry leaders. We are proud and honored to create this environment in collaboration with many industry partners and look forward to your continued and increased engagement in these. Cheers!
Director, Center for Automotive Research
Undergraduate Capstone Projects MOTORSPORTS CAPSTONE DESIGN COURSE A capstone project is a requirement across all disciplines in engineering and serves as a critical role in the education of students. The Motorsports Capstone Design Course, based upon projects from Ohio State’s motorsports teams, is one of several themed capstone opportunities available to Ohio State engineering students. The course lasts a full academic year and is designed to be a hands-on, open-ended introduction to the design process. Students begin the program with a traditional classroom experience to learn the fundamentals of engineering design and other important professional skills. After this phase, students work in groups for several months under the supervision of a faculty or staff member to complete an ambitious design-build-test project. Students learn valuable skills in design, engineering communication, and teamwork as they progress through a rigorous design process on a real-world problem. The course culminates in a college-wide exhibition in which industry judges evaluate each of the project team’s efforts.
automotive systems. Specializations are a mechanism by which degree-granting programs can have “concentration areas” denoted on a student’s transcript. A specialization does not in any way alter or supersede normal degree program graduation requirements, but instead offers an opportunity to the interested student in the form of an additional set of requirements to fulfill if he/she wishes to obtain the specialization. Students who complete the program requirements may elect to have the graduate specialization in the area of automotive systems appear on their transcript along with the formal name of the graduate degree program. The ASE GS is administered by the Graduate Studies Committee of the student’s home department, with the support and participation of the Center for Automotive Research. The program has been entirely updated to reflect the university’s new curriculum under the semester system. Moving forward, the program will be coordinated by Professor Levent Guvenc.
DISTANCE AND CONTINUING EDUCATION For the 2014-2015 academic year, the Center for Automotive Research provided quality professional development in a distance learning format to 27 students in graduate level credit courses, 46 students in non-credit seminars and six students in specialized automotive certificates. Two new seminars in automotive HVAC and lightweight fundamentals also were added to the distance learning curriculum. Learn More: car.osu.edu/education/distance-and-continuing-education
GRADUATE AUTOMOTIVE SPECIALIZATION
“Automotive Systems Engineering graduate specialization sees upgrade under semester transition” The Automotive Systems Engineering Graduate Specialization (ASE GS) program at The Ohio State University has been formulated to provide an interdisciplinary graduate level education in the engineering discipline of primary interest to the student, while focusing on the application area of
SIMULATION SUCCESS // Graduate students M.J. Yatsko and Jason Ward run simulations on Ohio State’s EcoCAR vehicle.
Sponsored Research Programs
Supported 52 graduate students at CAR during FY2015 – a 30% increase from last year! CAR provides opportunities for graduate students to be employed as research assistants and to study among professionals in the automotive industry. The educational activities of CAR educate not only College of Engineering students, but also assist industry professionals in acquiring knowledge of automotive processes and systems to better prepare them for careers and career advancements in the mobility industry. Funding for these projects are provided through memberships in CAR’s industrial consortia, as well as direct sponsorship by 10 companies and four federal agencies.
GIFTS AND INTERNAL FUNDING There were six supported graduate students at CAR during FY2015
CAR, through its commitment to research, and in harmony with the educational mission of The Ohio State University, has formulated a strong program of educational activities to provide interdisciplinary education and training in the field of automotive systems. The College of Engineering offers a wide variety of masters and doctoral degree programs in most fields of engineering. Within CAR, student researchers of the various departments experience a strong interdisciplinary atmosphere, not only in their automotive-related coursework, but also in their specific areas of research. Direct funding of students from donations and gifts to the center help expand reach in continuing the education of promising students. EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING // Michael Vernier, graduate student, and Tolga Emirler, post-doctoral researcher, work on one of CAR’s autonomous vehicles.
Motorsports Students at The Ohio State University have the opportunity to participate in Motorsports/Student Projects. This program challenges students of all majors, backgrounds, skill levels and degrees of experience to compete in one of six student teams. Students apply research and classroom concepts, as well as learn hands-on skills for designing, fabricating, racing, managing and marketing competition vehicles. This experience includes machining, engine testing, battery testing, computer aided design and many other engineering tools.
World’s fastest collegiate electric motorcycle Buckeye Current was founded as the Buckeye Electric Motorcycle Race Team by students in 2010. Through The Ohio State University’s Center for Automotive Research, the team’s goal is to provide students experience with electric vehicles and to construct a fully operable electric motorcycle to compete in races on both the national and international level. Learn more: current.osu.edu
design | build | market Baja Buckeyes SAE team is a student organization at The Ohio State University built to develop members’ understanding of the automotive and motorsports businesses, as well as provide hands-on experiences that expand knowledge of engineering and fabrication practices. As a student-managed off-road race team, the group strives to present challenges to members, enabling them to learn the important elements of project management, business management and engineering design. Learn more: osubaja.com
FORMULA BUCKEYES SAE
Student Designed | Student Built | Student Raced Formula Buckeyes is a volunteer student organization tasked with building a racecar to compete nationally and internationally. The team operates out of the Center for Automotive Research at The Ohio State University. Learn more: formulabuckeyes.com
BUCKEYE CURRENT // 2015 team
OHIO STATE ECOCAR 3
EcoCAR 3: An Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition EcoCAR 3 is the latest U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition series. EcoCAR 3 is challenging 16 North American university teams to redesign a Chevrolet Camaro to reduce its environmental impact, while maintaining the muscle and performance expected from this iconic American car. While this model is the most technologically advanced Camaro in the vehicle’s history, EcoCAR 3 teams will be tasked to enhance the vehicle even further by applying the latest cutting-edge technologies and incorporating new innovative ideas. Teams have four years (2014-2018) to harness those ideas into the ultimate energy-efficient, high performance vehicle. The Camaro will keep its iconic body design, while student teams develop and integrate energy efficient powertrains that maximize performance, while retaining the safety and high consumer standards of the Camaro. Teams also will incorporate alternative fuels and advanced vehicle technologies that will lower greenhouse gas and tailpipe emissions. Learn more: ecocar3.osu.edu
Single-person, fuel efficient vehicle The Supermileage SAE team provides students with a challenging design project involving the development and construction of a single-person, ultra-fuel efficient vehicle. Utilizing unleaded fuel, the goal is to build a vehicle aimed at obtaining the highest combined miles per gallon (kilometers per liter) rating plus design segment points winning the event. The team welcomes students of any major and skill level, and will compete at the Supermileage SAE competition.
VENTURI BUCKEYE BULLET 3 World’s fastest electric vehicle
The mission of the Venturi Buckeye Bullet 3 team is to provide unique engineering challenges for students— valuable, hands-on experience—creating some of the best new engineers in the world. This student team pushes the envelope of electric vehicle technology and in so doing aims to change public perception of electric vehicles. Mission: prove that green technologies of the future will be both fun to drive and fast! Learn more: go.osu.edu/VBBullet
2015 Student Project Competition Results ›› V enturi Buckeye Bullet 3 • August 22, 2014 professional driver Roger Schroer guided the Venturi Buckeye Bullet 3 to an average two-way speed of 212.615 miles per hour at Bonneville Salt Flats during test runs of the vehicle ›› Baja Buckeyes • April 9, 2015 - Baja SAE Auburn (Alabama): 81 out of 99 ›› Baja Buckeyes • May 7, 2015 - Baja SAE Maryland (Mechanicsville, MD): 72 out of 98 ›› Formula Buckeyes • May 13, 2015 - Formula SAE Michigan (Marshall, MI): 46 out of 110 ›› O hio State EcoCAR 3 • May 29, 2015 - EcoCAR3 (Seattle, Washington): first place nationally out of 16 in year one of four year competition ›› O hio State Supermileage • June 4, 2015 - SAE Supermileage (Marshall, Michigan): 19 out of 23 ›› Formula Buckeyes • June 17, 2015 - Formula SAE Lincoln (Nebraska): 25 out of 66 ›› Buckeye Current • June 20, 2015 - Pikes Peak International Hill Climb (Colorado Springs, CO): second place in electric motorcycle category, finishing course in 11 minutes 27 seconds
Outreach and Events TOURS More than 1,500 visitors entered the doors of CAR this past year—from facility tours for K-12 STEM students to distinguished guests and industry partners. Select groups included: Michael Drake, president, The Ohio State University; National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Dave Barthmuss, General Motors Communications Manager; Peter McPherson, President of APLU; ScienceWriters 2014 conference; Cooper Tires; Knowlton School of Architecture, CRP 6950: Transportation Planning Studio; and Moog Inc. Aircraft Group.
EVENTS In addition to tours and visits, CAR held its second annual Alumni and Friends Open House September 27, 2014. This tailgate style event allowed guests to get an up-close look at motorsports and research projects, and to interact with CAR faculty, staff and students. The third annual Alumni and Friends Open House will be held October 10, 2015. Email email@example.com for more information.
Meet Graduate Student Katherine Bovee Katherine Bovee is no stranger to hard work. She has not only succeeded as a graduate student--focusing her dissertation on developing a model-based design process for improving the drive quality of optimal control algorithms--but also served as co-leader of the Ohio State EcoCAR 2 team, where she led the team to a first place finish nationally in the three year competition to re-engineer a Chevrolet Malibu. As a recipient of a three year National Science Foundation (NSF) Graduate Research Fellowship Program (GRFP) Fellowship, Bovee has been able to perform research in an area not often addressed in academia. Her work in optimal control and drive quality can be utilized to improve the overall drive quality of hybrid electric vehicles, reducing the amount of time needed to calibrate them. “If you would have asked me in high school what I was going to do with my engineering degree, I would have said anything but the automotive field,” says Bovee. “After beginning work at the Center for Automotive Research as an undergraduate that quickly changed.” Bovee, who is advised by Professor Giorgio Rizzoni, has accepted an offer to join General Motors after her graduation in December 2015. “I look forward to continuing to make contributions to the transportation field,” she said.
Research Highlights and Successes CAR continues to capture industry’s interest in collaborative research and development. At the conclusion of this past fiscal year, the center’s research portfolio had grown 13% and the funding model evolved from a majority federal and state funding portfolio to a majority funding by direct-industry sponsored research. The industry-funded research portfolio grew 36%, making industry funding more than 51% of the overall portfolio.
// [The] funding model evolved from a majority federal and state funding portfolio to a majority funding by directindustry sponsored research CAR RESEARCH AREAS The unique nature of being an interdisciplinary center allows CAR to address many research areas of automobile technology, unmatched worldwide. CAR is home to over 273 associates with a wide array of technical, cultural and demographic backgrounds which provides a thorough repository of skill sets to approach challenges from many perspectives. This talent pool is dedicated to studying innovative solutions that affect the safety and sustainability of future transportation and mobility. Tomorrow’s mobility will be strongly affected by energy and environmental demands, safety, information and communication systems, and lifestyle/consumer choices.
RESEARCH WITH INDUSTRY // CAR’s unique facilities provide opportunity for collaborative research with industry.
CAR is able to perform work in each of these research areas through well-established working partnerships with government and industry. We serve a wide array of companies – from small businesses to international corporations – and contribute to their capabilities in several technical fields. Additionally, CAR actively engages, and is routinely awarded, competitive government projects.
VALIDATION // Ohio State EcoCAR 2 team demonstrates its capabilities on the test track
Systems Overview Of Research Areas CONTROL AND SYSTEM INTEGRATION Occupant and Pedestrian Safety
V2X and Cloud Computing
Engines: Fuels, combustion, aftertreatment and turbocharging
Lightweight Body and Chassis
Accessories, Thermal Management, Energy Recovery and Climate Control Aerodynamics
Vehicle Safety Energy Storage
Electrical Propulsion and Power Conversion
Project Overviews U.S.-CHINA CLEAN ENERGY RESEARCH CENTER The Ohio State University is a participant in the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center (CERC). As part of this broad research endeavor, the Center for Automotive Research is preparing a demonstration project on functional safety, which focuses on torque securityâ€”i.e. no unintended accelerations of vehicles. CAR director Giorgio Rizzoni, along with mechanical engineering graduate student Jiyu Zhang, are spearheading the research project. Other partners in the project include government and industry members. The application is being demonstrated on Ohio Stateâ€™s EcoCAR 2 vehicle, a re-engineered 2013 Chevrolet Malibu. More information about CERC may be viewed here: www.us-china-cerc.org/.
PARTNERSHIPS // Working together with partners, creates synergistic success, demonstrated here by the Venturi Buckeye Bullet 3 team testing their land speed racer on one of Transportation Research Centerâ€™s tracks.
Personnel In the 2014-2015 academic year, there were a total of 273 associates:
Research Support Staff
10 CAR fellows
9 Primary Faculty
14 Administrative and Business Development Staff
The center also provided facilities and support, for six student project teams consisting of over 200 active undergraduate students and 45 FIRST (robotics project) high school students.
Fiscal TOTAL EXPENDITURES: $10,713,197 FY 15
(FY14 = $9.6M)
Continuing Education Ohio State Motorsports
$195,705 (2%) $553,441 (5%)
RESEARCH EXPENDITURES: FY15
RESEARCH EXPENDITURES (M)
TOTAL RESEARCH EXPENDITURES (M)
Federal: Direct Industry: Direct, Federal Flow-Through, Consortia, Testing and Engineering Services, Sponsored Programs State: Direct, Ohio Third Frontier Internal R&D: Graduate Fee Authorizations, Capital Improvements, Gifts Total
RESEARCH EXPENDITURES BY CATEGORY AND SPONSOR FY15
FEDERAL US DoT US DoE NSF NASA
STATE INDUSTRY OEM1 OEM2 Consortium Memberships OEM3 OEM4 OEM5 OEM6 OEM7 OEM8 OEM9 OEM10
Consortia The mission of CAR’s consortia is to provide industry and government with opportunities to participate in original, pre-competitive leveraged research in diverse areas. CAR consortia: CAR Industrial Consortium, SMART@CAR Consortium and GasWorks@CAR. Benefits include: ›› Access to common pre-competitive research projects with leveraged sponsorship ›› Interaction with other members on research projects in areas of mutual interest ›› Opportunity to sponsor named graduate fellowships ›› Significant leveraging of government–sponsored research programs ›› Provide educational opportunities for graduate students, and therefore are an excellent source of potential employees for members ›› Opportunities for teaming with partner members on bids for major government programs
SMART@CAR CONSORTIUM FY15 Updates
On-going projects: Project Title
DC Fast Charging: Impact and Economics
DC Microgrid Modeling/Simulation and Implementation at CAR
Secondary Life of PEV Infrastructure: Automotive Battery Packs: Standards and Aging and Economics Deployment
Investigate optimal placement of DC fast chargers in a region, as well as study the impact on utility distribution systems. Investigate economics associated with installation and coupling with energy storage technologies
Development of a flexible model and simulator for a DC microgrid in order to appropriately size and investigate control strategies for the future implementation of a microgrid at CAR leveraging its 10kW of photovoltaic power, automotive battery packs and electric vehicle charging stations.
Exploration of usages for after-market plug-in electric vehicle battery packs in grid-tied energy storage applications and the economics associated with utilizing the packs as a utility asset.
Investigate the current state of the electric vehicle communication infrastructure industry and standards to evaluate current trends and opportunities for members in the consortium.
Ramteen Sioshansi, Prof. ISE
Wei Zhang, Asst. Prof. ECE
Yann Guezennec, Prof. MAE
BJ Yurkovich, Research Specialist CAR
CAR INDUSTRIAL CONSORTIUM FY15 Updates
On-going projects: Project Title
Evaluation and Rating System for Connected Automated Driving
Generalized Rapid Prototyping Control Framework for Internal Combustion Engines
Generalized Hardwarein-the-Loop Framework
Tools for the Development of Advanced Battery Systems
The project develops a simple to use and interactive performance assessment and rating methodology for connected automated driving technologies. Students will get training and education on sensors, actuators, controls and decision making for automated driving. The generated automated driving simulator and proof-of-concept automated vehicle will be used to support future education/ research activities.
This project builds the capabilities and processes for rapid prototyping of engine control algorithms through an open-ECU system, in support of education and research activities focused on the implementation and verification of engine control software.
This project collects, consolidates, and advances existing Hardware-in-theLoop (HIL) expertise within CAR into a streamlined process to better serve our students and our industry research sponsors.
This project develops a comprehensive battery training program combining classroom instruction, modeling and simulation projects, and lab-based battery design and testing to provide our students and industry research sponsors with the tools needed to develop the next generation of advanced battery systems.
PIs and Co-Pls
Levent Guvenc, Prof. MAE and ECE
Marcello Canova, Assistant Prof. MAE
Shawn Midlam-Mohler, Assist. Prof. MAE
Greg Busch, Res. Scientist CAR Giorgio Rizzoni, Prof. MAE
Expansion of Automated Vehicle Research Facilities
Located at CAR, Ohio State’s CrIS UTC’s goal is to improve ground transportation safety through interdisciplinary research and development in the interplay of autonomous and intelligent vehicle systems, human factors and injury biomechanics.
The Ohio State University’s Center for Automotive Research unveiled its newly expanded driverless vehicle research facilities August 1, 2014. The ceremony was followed by an open house with demonstrations of Ohio State’s driverless vehicle research.
In addition to providing office, laboratory and garage space, the new facility is primarily to be used to house Ohio State’s fleet of intelligent and autonomous vehicles. CrIS UTC director Umit Ozguner describes the significance of the new facility. “The facility gives our students and researchers a closed location for yearround access to our vehicles and easy links to our laboratory-based testing and simulation environment.”
The ceremony took place at the Center for Automotive Research—West Location, 1320 Kinnear Road, Columbus, Ohio 43212—during the first annual meeting of the Crash Imminent Safety University Transportation Center (CrIS UTC). CrIS UTC is one of 33 grants provided by the U.S. Department of Transportation aimed at advancing research and education programs that address critical transportation challenges facing the United States.
Ohio State has been involved in research programs related to driverless vehicles since the 1970s. Additionally, the Center for Automotive Research has been the home of the autonomous vehicle program since 1999. Today CAR manages a fleet of five vehicles with various automated operation capabilities. Representatives from Ohio Department of Transportation, Toyota Collaborative Research Center, Honda Research and Development, Ford Research and various industries and research laboratories were guests at the event.
CRIS UTC RIBBON CUTTING CEREMONY // L-R: John Michelini, Ford Motor Company; Robert Fenton, professor emeritus and founder of Ohio State’s driverless vehicle research; William Marras, professor, integrated systems engineering; Giorgio Rizzoni, director, Center for Automotive Research; Umit Ozguner, director, CrIS UTC; James Barna, Ohio Department of Transportation; Charles Gulash, Toyota Collaborative Safety Research Center; William Windsor, Nationwide Insurance.
Global Education Outreach TEACHING AT FKFS Faculty at the Center for Automotive Research returned to teach engineering industry members at the University of Stuttgart this summer, marking their fourth year participating in the program, which has been operating for the same number of years. Hosted by the university’s Research Institute of Automotive Engineering and Vehicle Engines, or FKFS, professors Giorgio Rizzoni, Yann Guezennec and Marcello Canova joined a number of industry members from across the globe in teaching automotive engineering courses in a program spanning from June 22 to July 4. Known as the International Summer School, the 2015 program featured courses designed by Rizzoni, Guezennec and Canova, with an aim to complement working engineers’ knowledge. Course content focused on automotive engineering topics such as systems competence in electric, hybrid and combustion powertrains, aerodynamics and aeroacoustics. Ohio State cooperated with Clemson University, University of Stuttgart and e-mobil BW, Cluster Elektromobilitaet Sud-West for the program. For more information on the International Summer School, the institute’s website can be found here: go.osu.edu/fkfs2015 INTERNATIONAL SUHER SCHOOL // Top: Professor Giorgio Rizzoni, second from left, with his Energy Analysis, Modeling and Simulation of Hybrid Electric Vehicles class. Bottom: The Battery and Fuel Cell Systems for Electrified Vehicles class with Professor Marcello Canova, third from right.
ScienceWriters 2014 visits CAR PRESTIGIOUS GROUP HOSTED BY THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY ScienceWriters, an annual meeting of the National Association of Science Writers and the Council for the Advancement of Science Writing, was hosted in autumn 2014 at The Ohio State University. Center for Automotive Research held the distinction of being a tour stop for the prestigious group and director Giorgio Rizzoni presented a seminar during one of the event’s sessions.
Transportation Research Center Transportation Research Center Inc. is the nation’s leading independent proving ground and vehicle testing organization for the automotive and mobility industry. TRC is located less than an hour from The Ohio State University’s Center for Automotive Research, has a broad set of test tracks and test laboratories on a 4,500 acre site and serves over 800 customers. Key facilities include, but are not limited to, a seven and one half mile high banked oval track, a dynamic handling course designed by the renowned Formula 1 track designer Alan Wilson, one of the industry’s largest vehicle dynamics facilities, myriad durability courses and a crash simulation laboratory. TRC has a unique to tie industry, government and academia. It serves virtually every OEM
EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING AND FOLLOW-UP // LEFT: Communicators hear about research projects directly from students. RIGHT: CAR projects received much coverage from the group’s visit to the center.
and numerous automotive suppliers. TRC is the home of the U.S. Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s only vehicle research and test center. Finally, TRC is a part of The Ohio State University’s portfolio of engineering research centers and a key partner to the Center for Automotive Research. “Our future growth opportunities are boundless, particularly as we collaborate with many partners and stakeholders,” states Mark-Tami Hotta, President and Chief Executive Officer for TRC Inc.
NOTE FROM THE NEW PRESIDENT OF TRC: Earlier this year, I joined TRC after 20 years at a major automotive OEM, over five years at a leading Tier One automotive supplier, approximately five years as an automotive consultant, and a year as an automotive entrepreneur. During these years I have been in roles that are similar to our customers responsible for developing new cars and trucks, and I have been in roles leading similar proving grounds and vehicle test operations. It feels this opportunity to lead TRC into future is the perfect culmination of my life’s experiences. I am delighted to be here, and have been impressed by the tremendous assets, tremendous support, and tremendous potential. Opportunities abound. I am looking forward to our journey together “Driving Toward a Great Future.”
CAR faculty members continue to shine in their fields of research. Below are awards and recognitions, both internal and external, received during fiscal year 2015.
Shawn Midlam-Mohler ›› P romotion to Associate Professor of Practice in the College of Engineering ›› 2 014 Faculty Advisor of the Year, College of Engineering ›› U nited States Department of Energy Applied Automotive Fellow Junmin Wang ›› Harrison Award, College of Engineering
›› Appointed editor, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles
›› C o-published with J. Kearns “Principles and Applications of Electrical Engineering, Sixth Edition,” McGraw-Hill, 2015 ›› A ppointed to Ohio State’s Discovery Themes Initiative implementation group, Materials and Manufacturing for Sustainability team Ramteen Sioshansi ›› 2015 College of Engineering Lumley Research Award Andrew May ›› P reviously served as a senior research associate and will be joining faculty as assistant professor of Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering, September 1
Our goal is to be the center of choice for all our customers, partners, employees, and investors. We are grateful when we are the #1 choice. We recognize that when we are not, it is a challenge and call to action to be better—much better—to strive to be the best in the world at what we do. We are holding ourselves to the expectations that our mindset, our behaviors, and culture are always customer focused, forward looking, respectful, proactive, and growth oriented. We hope to leverage the power of collaboration more than ever before. I feel there is virtually unlimited potential to leverage the vast capabilities of The Ohio State University, JobsOhio, Columbus2020, and our numerous customers and potential business collaboration partners, including those who may feel like “competitors” today. Thanks again for your support in the past, and looking forward to Driving Toward a Great Future together! Mark-Tami Hotta President and Chief Executive Officer Transportation Research Center Inc.
Testing, Engineering and Software Development
MISSION Center for Automotive Research’s Testing, Engineering and Software Development Services provides high quality, cost effective engineering analysis and development, testing, third party validation and software services. TESS couples the resources of The Ohio State University and the Center for Automotive Research with highly trained and experienced engineering professionals to offer unique value to its clients.
›› C omplete line of design services including but not limited to design of armor systems, design of crash test dummies and product design from concept to prototype Advantages: ›› Offer high value services at a reasonable price ›› Offer a high level of flexibility in all our services ›› C over a broad spectrum of services by complementing the TESS staff with the extensive network of experts and facilities at Ohio State ›› Consider custom or individual needs ›› U tilize select students on projects to offer clients access to highly qualified candidates to hire and to help manage costs Focus on our unique tools and capabilities:
›› Heavy duty dynamometer to test up to and including class eight trucks
›› Analytical capabilities
›› Small to medium sized companies ›› C ompanies in need of engineering to bridge the gap between conceptual design and preproduction prototyping ›› C ompanies not equipped for product development and innovation ›› C ompanies that need support for their development team with specialized expertise and dedicated facilities ›› C ompanies in need for third party validation of their products
›› Access to the expertise and facilities of Ohio State network Passion: ›› Attract new companies, while helping existing companies improve and develop products ›› U tilize a systems approach: JobsOhio, Columbus2020 and Rev1 Ventures help clients on the financial and business side, TESS works on the technical side
CONTRACTS: $1,028,727 FY15 (FY14 = $1.5M)
›› Engine, vehicle and custom testing services ›› A nalysis services including a variety of computational codes, e.g. computational fluid dynamics, finite element analysis, multi-physics and more. ›› Software development services
$249,431 $51,100 Q1 subtotal
Commercialization The Testing, Engineering and Software Development group (TESS) has taken the lead at the Center for Automotive Research in providing services to support industrial partners for the development and commercialization of their products and technologies. TESS couples the resources of Ohio State and CAR, with a number of highly trained, experienced and dedicated engineering professionals to offer unique value to external customers, as well as to university faculty and staff in support of internal research projects. The activities performed in the last year have covered a wide range of services. Some examples include: ›› P roviding experienced and specialized engineering support to move product designs from conceptual ideation to the preproduction stage. Specific instances include: Simple-Fill liquid piston compressor development (Ohio State patents and technology), Q2 Waste Heat Engine technology for microcombined heat and power generation system optimization and Johnson Controls International (JCI) battery quality assessment tools ›› C onducting in-depth design and engineering analyses of products in the market aimed at system optimization and performance enhancement. For example: Diversified Technical Systems crash dummy design and construction, Ford real time racing suspension tuning tool
SPREAD PHOTOS // Testing, Engineering and Software Development Services (TESS) provided support for industrial partners throughout the fiscal year.
›› T esting and verification of new automotive powertrain components and systems. Examples include: Parker Hannifin and Stored Energy hydraulic hybrid refuse trucks, Hino optimization of truck performance and Hendrickson heavy duty truck powertrain testing ›› T hird party verification of new products ready to enter the market. For example: Stoneridge particulate matter sensor, Chevron battery testing and assessment and Campbell testing of diamond-like carbon coating of automotive parts
TESS works with a broad range of companies to accelerate technology development and deployment in the market. This often becomes a force for economic development for Ohio-based clients, as well as a pull factor in companies relocating to Ohio due to the many technological advantages available locally. Through these activities CAR has enhanced its role in central Ohio as a technical powerhouse and catalyst for economic development, directly attracting new companies and helping existing companies stay competitive by accelerating product development.
Ohio State spin-off Simple-Fill leverages CAR expertise CAR’s Testing, Engineering and Software Development Services (TESS) provides contract engineering and testing services for Simple-Fill Inc., specifically, design, analysis, construction and validation testing of its unique liquid piston compressor for natural gas. These services are assisting Simple-Fill Inc. to transition its technology from conceptual design and demonstration to a preproduction unit. Simple-Fill Inc. was created in 2013 with the purpose of licensing and commercializing liquid piston technology developed at CAR. In partnership with Rev1 Ventures and TESS, the company has been able to move from the concept demonstration stage to the development of its first pre-production unit, set to be deployed in several local businesses. Rob Underhill, president and CEO of Simple-Fill, says “Simple-Fill is changing the way America fuels its vehicles. We are looking forward to continuing to work with Ohio State on future technology development.”
Goals for Five-Year Plan 2012-2017
Target Growth Areas ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Increase government sponsored research to exceed $7M per year (FY14 = $3.7M/FY15 = $3.6M)
Increase industry research projects to exceed $2M per year (FY14 = $1.9M/FY15 = $3.5M—an increase of 81%!)
Partner with industry to secure federal flow-through (now being tracked as part of Goal 1)
Grow industrial consortia to $1M per year (FY14 = $0.5M/FY15 = $0.4M)
Increase engineering services to exceed $1M per year (FY14 = $0.9M/FY15 = $1.0M)
Increase graduate Student enrollment to 100 funded graduate students (FY15 = 80)
Launch a capital campaign to raise funds for a new facility
As the quest for improved fuel economy and reduced emissions continues to be a major focus for the transportation industry, CAR has stepped up its efforts to provide a broad range of solutions in support of the passenger and commercial vehicle industries. This includes programs and capabilities related to research in engine boosting, model-based engine control, exhaust after-treatment control, powertrain system integration, auxiliary load reduction and powertrain electrification. CAR continues to see a growing emphasis is on the integration of information systems and vehicle connectivity with powertrain controls to improve vehicle fuel economy.
INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS Connected and autonomous vehicle technology development has been an increasingly active area for the center. Led by interest from all the major passenger and heavy-duty original equipment manufacturers, CAR’s research portfolio has expanded from development of systems to harnessing and deployment of technology for testing. The U.S. Department of Transportation is rapidly issuing calls for additional safety research and policy development for standards. State entities, including the Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT) and JobsOhio are also supporting efforts to utilize technology developments for capacity growth on the state’s transportation that supports a vital economy in Ohio. The center will be working more cooperatively with Transportation Research Center, Inc. to utilize its existing test track for connected and autonomous vehicle testing, and will work with local, regional, state and federal entities to deploy demonstration of ‘intelligent corridors.’
Collaborating Faculty MAE //Mechanical and
ECE //Electrical and
Aerospace Engineering Bilin Aksun Guvenc Connected and automated vehicles, vehicle control systems. Functional safety.
Bharat Bhushan* Nanomaterials characterization and scanning-probe techniques
John Bolte Injury biomechanics
Smart materials and systems, automotive and aerospace applications
Mechanical assembly and fastening systems
Computer networks, wireless and satellite systems, routing protocols and QoS provisioning
Non-linear control theory
Power electronics circuits and control for renewable energy and hybrid electric and fuel cell vehicles
Aerodynamics, flow control
Denny Guenther, emeritus Vehicle dynamics and vehicle design
Yann Guezennec** Marcello Canova** Energy conversion and energy storage systems for automotive applications, dynamic system modeling and optimization
Lei Cao Nuclear instrumentation and detection methods for advanced materials characterization
Terry Conlisk* Computational fluid dynamics with application to battery electrochemistry
Energy conversion and storage systems for automotive applications
Levent Guvenc Automotive control and mechatronics; autonomous road vehicles; cooperative mobility; robust control.
Joseph Heremans Thermal properties of matter and applications to energy conversion
Model-based design of complex systems, advanced automotive powertrain systems
Control and systems theory with automotive application
High performance parallel computing
Power system operation and planning, electricity markets, demand side management, distributed generation and renewable energy
System dynamics, measurements, control, and fault diagnosis with application to automotive systems
Ahmet Selamet** Internal combustion engines, acoustics, noise control, combustion, heat transfer and fluid dynamics
Junmin Wang** Control modeling and estimation diagnosis of automotive systems
Umit Ozguner** Intelligent control of large, decentralized systems, automotive control, intelligent vehicle highway systems
Keith Redmill** Autonomous vehicles and robots, intelligent transportation systems, vehicle and bus tracking, wireless data communication, CDPD, GPS and GIS technologies
Andrea Serrani* Nonlinear control and systems theory, guidance and control of aerospace, underwater and terrestrial vehicles
Longya Xu* Power electronic converters, control of variable-speed drives, finite element analysis, solid state control of electric power, variable speed drives
Wei Zhang* Control and estimation of hybrid dynamical systems
MSE // Materials
ISE // Integrated
Impulse-based metal working and metallurgy; lightweight structures for automotive and aerospace applications
Aihua “Alan” Luo*
Computational materials science
Manufacturing, composite materials and structures
Light metals and manufacturing research
Environmental and Geodetic Engineering
Operations research, energy systems
ITS, traffic flow mechanisms, traffic surveillance
College of Medicine Amanda Agnew* Human anatomy and biologic anthropology
David Woods* Cognitive engineering; complexity and resilience; autonomous systems; sensor overload
John Glenn College of Public Affairs Beth-Anne Schuelke-Leech* Public policy, engineering, business and technological innovation
FAES //Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences
ASC // College of Arts and Sciences
AGRICULTURAL, ENVIRONMENTAL AND DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS: Commodity price analysis and risk management with application to automotive energy sources
CROP AND HORTICULTURAL SCIENCES: Bio-based emergent materials; natural rubber biosynthesis and production
CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY: Electrochemistry; electro catalysis for energy conversion and storage
*received funding through CAR, **primary CAR faculty
Jan Weisenberger* SPEECH AND HEARING SCIENCES: Hearing science, driver behavior
Prestigious Dwight Blaser Meritorious Service Award A special citation presented annually to individuals whose sustained and extraordinary personal services have had a significant and lasting effect on the advancement of Ohio State’s Center for Automotive Research.
QUALIFICATIONS Individual must have shown both extraordinary effort and sustained interest. Examples of activities which will be favorably considered are: fund raising, alumni organization work, substantial giving, participation in strategic and technical planning activities, support of research, extraordinary recruitment activities. Active Ohio State faculty and staff are not eligible. For emeritus faculty, the citation would be based principally upon activity performed after retirement. The recipient need not be an Ohio State alumnus.
BACKGROUND Dr. Dwight Blaser was an alumnus of The Ohio State University. He was also a retiree of the General Motors Corporation where he held the position of R&D Director, and he served on the CAR External Advisory Board since its establishment in the mid-1990s. To recognize Dr. Blaser’s generous gift of time, experience and wisdom, CAR created an award in his name.
PREVIOUS AWARDEES ›› 2014 Cyndy Bonsignore, The Ohio State University College of Engineering ›› 2 013 Dave Tatman, General Motors Bowling Green Assembly Plant Manager, General Motors Corporation ›› 2 012 Rick Renwick, Chief Engineer, Ford Motor Company Global Engine Engineering ›› 2011 Kenneth P. Dudek, CEO, CAR Technologies, LLC ›› 2010 Robert E. Lee, Senior Vice President, Chrysler Group, LLC ›› 2009 James Wolever, Chief Engineer, Honda America Manufacturing ›› 2008 Mark Schwabero, President, Mercury Marine
Gary Parker, Director, Powertrain Systems of Cummins Inc. Gary Parker is a 1995 and 1997 graduate of The Ohio State University and director of powertrain systems at Cummins Inc., who is recognized as a champion for his continuous support of university-industry partnership. He has been an employee with Cummins Inc. for his entire career, holding various roles including modeling, controls, integration, calibration development and general technical leadership in the organization. His most recent role is serving as a director of engineering in the Research & Technology organization where he leads the development of groundbreaking powertrain technologies. Gary is passionate about developing products that protect the environment while exceeding the needs of his customers. Gary has served on the CAR External Advisory Board for many years, has been responsible for overseeing and funding research related to commercial vehicle electrification at CAR and was responsible for recruiting at Ohio State earlier in his career. He created one of the most successful recruiting programs with an intensive focus on CAR—some of the highest achieving master’s and doctoral graduates from CAR now populate research and advanced engineering groups at Cummins Inc. Gary has also been involved in Cummins Inc. sponsorship and support of the Buckeye Bullet by providing electric power generation on the Salt Flats using Cummins Inc. equipment.
CHAMPION // Parker poses with CAR director Giorgio Rizzoni
The award was presented by Carla Bailo, the university’s newly-appointed assistant vice president for mobility research and business development.
// Fun Fact: Gary was an integral member of the 1990s Smokin’ Buckeye team
ALUMNUS // Parker, third from right, poses with his fellow Smokin’ Buckeye teammates
Address: 930 Kinnear Road, Columbus, OH 43212 Phone: 614-292-5990 Fax: 614-688-4111 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Online: car.osu.edu go.osu.edu/CARLinkedIn Facebook.com/OSUCenterforAutomotiveResearch @OSUCtrAutoRsrch
Published on Jul 1, 2015
The Ohio State University Center for Automotive Research's annual report for fiscal year 2015