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News: Lecture discusses Israeli-Palestine conflict Page 6

Opinion: Female economists deserve more representation Page 8

Sports: Catch up with John Collins Life: How to bake simple Page 13 holiday treats Page 16


VOL. 102, NO. 12

T H U R S DAY, N OV E M B E R 3 0 , 2 017 “Cover s the campus like the magnolias”

First-year students explore Copenhagen As the Global AWAKEnings program ends its inaugural semester, freshmen learn to thrive abroad BY HEATHER HARTEL Staff Writer The majority of students on campus consider studying abroad a fundamental component of a Wake Forest education. The abroad experience is designed to help students grow, as many students live alone for the first time, learn to navigate public transportation, buy groceries and cook for themselves, legally drink alcohol and meet people from around the world. These reasons, and countless others, help explain why 66 percent of Wake Forest students study abroad during their time at school. Yet, most students typically opt to study abroad some time during their junior year, as they have two years on campus completed and will get to enjoy another full year and a half upon returning to the U.S. Until this past year, this was not only a personal choice, it was universitymandated to be on campus for one’s first year. This fall was the inaugural year of the Global AWAKEnings program, initiating incoming freshman to spend an entire year abroad in Copenhagen, Denmark. “I decided that I wanted to spend my freshman year in Copenhagen because I wanted an opportunity to change and to grow in all aspects of my life,” said freshman Kira Tabor, a member of the freshman class in Copenhagen. “By living in another country, I get to step outside of my comfort zone and totally immerse into another culture as a chance to challenge my intellectual perspectives.” Whether desire to travel, desire to grow, desire to learn or to experience new cultures, the students that decided to spend their first year in a foreign country all came for unique reasons. Colleen Riley, another member of the program, looked at the various humanities courses she would take before deciding to commit.

Heather Hartel/Old Gold & Black

All the freshman students in the Global AWAKEnings program live together in a dormitory in Copenhagen, shown above, and travel the European continent as a group. “I intend to study science, but also wanted a chance to see other things before I committed to that,” Riley said. “I really wanted the chance to learn about the topics that were offered here.” While still fully immersed in the city, the students get aspects of normalcy in their lives as they

all live together, take their classes together and travel together. However, the students that decide to spend their first year abroad are maturing and gaining independence

See Copenhagen, Page 4

Athletic ability and sustainability intersect Organization aims to raise awareness of sustainability among student athletes BY JUSTIN MATRONE Contributing Writer Student-athletes at Wake Forest frequently make an impact on the field, but now, they’re also aiming to make an impact in the community. The Student-Athlete Sustainability Network (SASN) is an organization of student-athletes interested in making Wake Forest a more sustainable campus. According to its mission statement online,

“Its purpose is to empower student-athletes to assume leadership roles in reducing energy consumption, waste and water use within their respective athletic teams and the athletics department as a whole.” Brian Cohen, program coordinator for the Office of Sustainability, said a few student-athletes came to the office looking to get involved last fall. After a few conversations, SASN was formed; it’s a peer network modeled after the Student-Athlete Advisory Committee (SAAC), with one or more representatives per team. “While we do work with athletics on larger, more structural sustainability projects, we hadn’t yet found a way to reach the student-athletes directly,” Cohen said.

To a majority of the nation, Wake Forest is known as a small school in North Carolina whose athletic teams compete against the “big dogs” in the ACC. Because of this, Wake Forest’s student-athletes and athletic teams are likely one of the only visual representations of the school to many Americans, and this notion demonstrates potential for impact beyond Wake Forest’s campus. Sarah Fahmy, an Oregon native and cross country and track athlete who graduated in May, was the founder of SASN, seeking a way to do her part in making the world a better place. “I’ve spent several years living abroad in Egypt, and seeing hillsides of trash and

clean water shortages really had an effect on me,” Fahmy said. “Part of the reason I wanted to start a sustainability group for student-athletes is because it’s really challenging for them to get involved in sustainability projects and efforts, [managing] classes, homework, tutoring, study hall, travel, competition, practice and lift, let alone volunteer work that helps the environment.” Fahmy thought a group like SASN would facilitate this involvement. She reached out to other student-athletes by emailing them and shooting the breeze in the ice bath and training room.

See Sustainability, Page 5


“ NYT profile rightfully sparks conversation This column represents the views of the Old Gold & Black Editorial Board.

On Saturday, Nov. 25, the New York Times published a profile of Tony Hovater, a self-identified white nationalist and a founder of an extreme right-wing group, the Traditionalist Worker Party. Hovater represented the Traditionalist Worker Party at the white supremacist rally in Charlottesville, VA in August. This event stirred controversy across America, as it resulted in the death of Heather Heyer. In the wake of the rally, the New York Times reporter Richard Fausset was assigned the task of identifying the ideological origins of Hovater, traveling to Ohio to understand how he operates in his small town in middleAmerica. The final version of his profile that was posted on Saturday received widespread criticism, much of it directed towards

Failures taken into account, the way the NYT editorial staff handled the criticism that the article received was admirable. the notion that the article normalized neo-nazi behavior. Both Fausset and the New York Times National Editor Marc Lacey wrote pieces in response to the backlash, each admitting that the story largely failed to resonate with readers in any sensible manner. Yet, the idea behind the story was certainly topical and necessary in today’s heightened political climate. News organizations should seek to report on "the most extreme corners of American life and the people who inhabit them," as the New York Times national editor, Marc Lacey wrote in his response to the



Amanda Wilcox, Lillian Johnson,

>> SPORTS Ren Schmitt, Kyle Ferrer,

>> OPINION David Ajamy, Assistant Editor: Rose Klaus,

>> LIFE Nicholas DeMayo, demanj14@wfu. edu

Assistant Editor: Olivia Field, Emily Beauchamp,


>> BUSINESS STAFF Brandon Palmer, Garrett Erickson,

>> ADVISER Phoebe Zerwick,

Had Fausset perhaps put small parts of his experience with Hovater in the story and explained how he struggled throughout reporting it to fully understand Hovater's conversion to white supremacy, it could've been more transparent and well-received. Failures taken into account, the way that the New York Times editorial staff handled the criticism received about this article was admirable. Given the political stances the New York Times Editorial Board has publicly announced and supported in the past, this coverage surely went against their usual grain. And despite their flaws, pieces like this do fuel much-needed conversation in the unending quest to understand our society’s differences and resolve the issues that divide us.





criticism. The article did successfully highlight the truth that supremacists are not other-worldy, alien creatures. They are human and sometimes lead very "normal" lives. However, the extent to which the "normal" details about Hovater's life — like his wedding registry list and a description of him sauteing minced garlic — are included, we think, could have been lessened. In their place, further supporting information about the issues like Hovater distinguishing between the title white supremacist and white nationalist could have shed more light on the problematic nature of the rhetoric being used. "What I had were quotidian details, though to be honest, I'm not even sure what these add up to," Fausset wrote in his own response.


The Old Gold & Black is published Thursdays during the school year, except during examinations, summer and holiday periods, by Triangle Printing of Durham. To subscribe, please send $35 to P.O. Box 7569, Winston-Salem, NC 27109. © 2014 WFU Media Board. All rights reserved. The views expressed in all editorials and advertisements contained within this publication do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the OGB. As part of our commitment to reporting news fairly and accurately, we will not remove any previously published content. If an error in either our online or print content is brought to our attention, we will revise the originally published article with an appended correction. In order to facilitate thoughtful and appropriate debate, profane, vulgar, or inflammatory comments on our website are not allowed and will be deleted. For more information on our commenting policy, please see our website. We reserve the right to reject advertisements deemed inappropriate. Our full policy, and how to advertise with the OGB, can be found on our website.


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News | Old Gold & Black

Thursday, November 30, 2017 | Page 3

Deacon Profile: Sarah Lewiecki & Andy Rosenwald BY LILLIAN JOHNSON News Editor

Earlier this month, a new solo exhibition entitled Sicko opened at the START Gallery in Reynolda Village, which is dedicated to showing student artwork. The exhibition, a part of the gallery's STARTyourself program, showcases senior Studio Art and Philosophy double-major Sarah Lewiecki's multimedia works. In addition to showcasing a student's work, the exhibition was curated by another student, senior Art History major Andy Rosenwald. The Old Gold & Black discussed Sicko with them, the meaning behind the exhibition and the dynamic relationship between artist and curator. How did you two decide to work together on this project? Rosenwald: We decided to work together on this endeavor last spring. I wanted to test all the knowledge I acquired from past internships and experiences I’ve had in gallery spaces and museums. Lewiecki: The project as a whole began rather organically. We had always talked about doing a show together and when the opportunity at the START Gallery came up, the timing was perfect. I was beginning a new body of work and Andy was already familiar with my goals. It was bound to happen. What was it like working together? R: It’s really a fascinating relationship Sarah and I have. Our friendship is very symbiotic and we both get a lot out of working together. I get to work with an artist who thinks on a plane of consciousness unlike anyone I’ve ever encountered and she gets honest and poignant feedback from someone who understands her ideology better than anyone else. L: Andy and I are constantly having fantastically abstract conversations about art, art history and art theory. Working with someone who knows so much about the playing field is really a huge advantage. We talk thoroughly through ideas and are highly critical of each other. It’s great. How would each of you describe the relationship between an artist and a curator? R: If the START Gallery were a Michelin-starred restaurant, Sarah would be the chef and I’d plate the meals; I give her work context. L: Establishing context is detrimental to a show. It is much more involved than simply ‘meal-plating’ and it goes far beyond arranging artworks on a wall. Regular, honest and critical feedback sessions

are a huge part of the process we adopted for putting on this show. We met every day leading up to the opening to talk about the content behind the work and the core ideas explored through the various materials. In your own words, describe the exhibition. R: This show stretches into the void of millennial disillusionment. In this era of extreme vanity, meme culture and the 24hour news cycle, we become desensitized to the unique aspects of every human life. To combat this feigning individualism within our humanity, Sarah uses her own voice as a representative of those who are left behind and overshadowed by domineering social conditions. L: The exhibition celebrates and deconstructs a variety of materials which share deeply superficial qualities. That sounds backwards. It’s supposed to be sort of a paradox. The objects, paintings and media create an environment within the gallery space. There is a great deal of femininity present, manifesting visually through color and imagery. And at the same time, there is ugliness, visceral confrontations towards the human body and explicit references to gender issues and sexuality. I exaggerate my worldview to communicate the intricate dimensionality of girlhood and womanhood in our fast-paced, capitalist sociality. What do you hope that people will walk away with or feeling after seeing Sicko? R: A greater understanding of self in society and perhaps feeling the allure of becoming a malcontent. L: I hope that viewers recognize my position, whether or not they agree with it. Describe your favorite piece in the exhibition. R: Sarah’s shrine to process; it is a direct view into her state of mind preparing for this show. This collage epitomizes the fractured nature of her internal self. The appropriation of popular culture images digs into her vision of the commercialized world she experiences, a sentiment I think she shares with many people. L: I do not have a favorite because in my eyes all of the work needs improvement, refinement and more depth. The video piece was the most challenging to execute, which makes it resonate the most with me compared to the other pieces. But still, there are no winners. Andy, what do you think being a curator is about?

Photo courtesy of Sarah Lewiecki

R: It’s all about giving a platform with informed context for the artist to synthesize their message and display it in the most powerful way possible — in whatever manner it may manifests itself. Sarah, how would you characterize your artistic style? L: Raw, visceral and subversively girly. I am highly in-tune with certain aesthetics, most of which derive from a critical study of social media. The color pink shows up just as much as the words ‘sad,’ ‘eve’ and ‘dead.’ If you are reading this and you are a millennial familiar with Tumblr trends circa 2012, you know what I am talking about. If you are unfamiliar with that reference, different aesthetics will read more clearly through the work, perhaps, for example, the imagery I borrow from Catholicism and Jungian philosophy. Andy, what do you like about being a curator? R: Getting to work with creative types. I feel as if I also have the creative gene, like Sarah’s, but it works in a much different manner. It’s not inherent; it has come from a much more analytical part of my brain. Curating gives me the opportunity to use that creative analysis to organize and facilitate the artistic message of others. Sarah, what is your favorite medium to work with and why?

L: Again, I cannot categorize my preferences in terms of “favorites” but I will say that I am most experienced in oil painting and most intrigued by video. I am eager to learn more about digital mediums but I am not willing to sacrifice physically demanding projects. Exploring media horizontally and vertically at the same time is not exactly a sustainable mode of art-marking for the long term, but it makes sense for students at this level. What do you wish that people knew about the artistic/curatorial process or about art in general? R: That the relationship between the curator and artist is a partnership, a give and take. It is rarely one-sided. Every time it seems as if one side has more power than the other, the voice of the other is ever-present and cannot be discounted. L: Art is about pushing and pulling ideas while exploring specific modes of expression. There is rarely an answer but most of the time, at least in successful artwork, there is a strong argument. What do you plan to do after graduation? R: Move to New York and begin my journey in the world of contemporary art. I want to work as closely with artists as I can — on the frontlines, not the back offices.

WAKE IN A WEEK Moravian Lovefeast Time: Dec. 3 at 4:30 p.m. and 8 p.m. Location: Wait Chapel The annual Wake Forest Lovefeast celebrates one of the unique traditions of the Moravian community in Winston‑Salem. The 4:30 p.m. service will be slightly abbreviated and last about an hour. Rather than a sermon, the Christmas story will be told. The traditional 8 p.m. service runs about 90 minutes.

U.S. Senator Ben Sasse Time: Dec. 4 at 11 a.m. Location: Broyhill Auditorium Sasse was elected to the U.S. Senate in 2014, having campaigned on a platform of restoring the Constitution and making the American dream achievable for every family. Since taking office, he has advocated for Congressional term limits, a leaner federal government and less partisan politics.

Lighting of the Quad Time: Dec. 5 at 7 p.m. Location: Hearn Plaza Each year the Wake Forest community joins together to celebrate this spirit with students, faculty, and staff at Lighting of the Quad, a tradition that has continued to mark a formal celebration of the holiday season with friends and the campus community.

Page 4 | Thursday, November 30, 2017

Old Gold & Black | News

Copenhagen: First year abroad creates independence

Continued from Page 1

earlier than their peers on campus. “Everything about my life here is so different,” Tabor said. “I buy all my own groceries, I take the metro, I ride a bike, I live in an apartment; I have so much independence, but with all of this I have to remember that I am still a freshman.” Now assimilated members of Danish society, when they first arrived to Denmark the students were just like other freshman arriving to campus on move-in day. Hesitant, beyond their comfort zone and unfamiliar with who would become their peers for the next few years of their lives, the group of students that came to Copenhagen together have since grown individually and as a group. Wake Forest is partnering with the Danish Institute for Study Abroad (DIS) for their program to help arrange housing, classes and travel. Zoe Kilbourne is the DIS liaison connecting the students to life in Denmark and has worked with them throughout their semester. “As with many students who first arrive in Copenhagen, there is a sense of hesitation to explore outside of the parameters of their classroom,” Kilbourne said. “Now they are traveling on the weekends, interacting and discussing topics of Danish culture with fluidity and bringing the experiential learning and classroom experiences together.” As Global AWAKEnings is still in its first year, there is room to further grow in order to continue its established success. For first year students, it takes coming to terms with missing out on a conventional freshman year and having a unique college experience. “I see photos on social media of Wake Forest students going to football games, rolling the Quad, decorating their dorm or even the late-night snaps at the ZSR Library under a pile of classwork and I do feel like

I am missing out on the foundational year of my Wake Forest experience,” Tabor said. Another key element to a conventional freshman year is meeting hundreds of new people from around the country and even the world. While still being introduced to new American and Danish students, the tightknit group of freshman spend most of their time together. They live in the same dorm, take all of the same classes and even travel around Europe as a group. Some have even implied they plan to live together upon returning to campus.

Samantha Horowitz is another first-year in the program. Very vocal and active online about her experience, she embodies the spirit of “Deacs Abroad,” as her Instagram feed is filled with pictures of the group in Copenhagen and around the continent. She also, however, recognizes that her experience is different than that of her peers back in Winston-Salem. “In the beginning, it was hard working with the same students that I lived with; it always felt like there was an underlying competition amongst us,” Horowitz said. “However, as the year progressed, I’ve learned to utilize the class structure to my

McKenzie Maddox/Old Gold & Black

Copenhagen, Denmark was selected as the site for Wake Forest’s first Global AWAKEnings program for first-year students.

advantage and collaborate with my fellow Demon Deacons on various assignments.” There are benefits and drawbacks to creating one’s own freshman year. Some freshmen expressed fears about missing research opportunities and others about missing Wake ‘n’ Shake, Project Pumpkin or Hit the Bricks. Similarly, the students and administrators recognize these shortcomings and have adapted the program accordingly. David Taylor, the assistant dean for Global Study Abroad, was the administrator in charge of brainstorming and developing the Copenhagen freshman program. Though still in Winston-Salem, Taylor has been working with the students and faculty while abroad in Denmark. Prior to their departure, the first year students travelled to the Reynolda Campus for orientation to learn about Wake Forest traditions and how to be Demon Deacons. “Further, on Dec. 3, the Global AWAKEnings students will watch the live stream of Lovefeast, partake of the Lovefeast meal and light their candles,” Taylor said. “Similarly, a Wake ‘n’ Shake Copenhagen is being planned for March.” Regardless of the challenges involved with studying abroad as a first-year Wake Forest student, those that decided to do the program made their choices intentionally. Eventually they will return to campus to reintegrate with the Wake Forest community, but for now they still have another semester to continue to grow and explore Europe. “My favorite part of studying here is seeing what I learn in the classroom come to life,” Tabor said. “Being here has truly changed how I see the world — I know now that everything around me has some kind of meaning and I love constantly analyzing my surroundings because I no longer take them for granted.”

Turkeypalooza puts the “giving” in Thanksgiving Campus Kitchen made turkey meals for members of the Winston-Salem community BY REESE MARKLAND Staff Writer This Thanksgiving, in the spirit of Pro Humanitate, Wake Forest’s Campus Kitchen gave back to the Winston-Salem community in Turkeypalooza, its biggest event. Turkeypalooza Campus Kitchen is a event in which it cooks Thanksgiving meals for each of its community partners, some of which include El Buen Pastor, Azalea Terrace, Stop Child Abuse Now (SCAN), Samaritan Ministries, Shalom Project, and North Carolina Faith Health. This year, Campus Kitchen cooked over 375 Thanksgiving meals for these partners. The Campus Kitchen lounge was filled with excessively loud music, many people with turkey hats on rushing around with pans and sweet potatoes, and the delicious smells of a freshly cooked Thanksgiving meal. In addition, the large five-foot tall turkey that is blown up every year occupied the space.

The meals prepared during Turkeypalooza have resounding impacts on the Winston-Salem community. North Carolina has one of the highest levels of food insecurity in the nation, especially for children under the age of 18. Within North Carolina, the cities of Asheville, Greensboro, High Point and Winston-Salem rank highest in the percentage of the population considered to be food insecure on a regular basis. Thus, Turkeypalooza’s success in generating such a large quantity of meals for the WinstonSalem community has a substantial impact for all recipients. Turkeypalooza also benefits local businesses and farms. This year, for example, over 115 pounds of sweet potatoes from the Milk and Honey Farm were purchased for the cause and 45 turkeys were purchased from a local turkey farm. On the menu this year were roasted green beans, mashed sweet potatoes, fresh stuffing with cranberry sauce (not from the can), pumpkin cookies and, of course, turkey. The success of the event was a result of the hard work and generosity of all the people involved. Donations put forth for the cause of buying all the necessary ingredients and cooking supplies totalled around $1,500 to $2,000, and were instrumental to the

event’s success. Furthermore, student volunteers worked cooking shifts from 5 p.m. to 9 p.m. each day of the week. Turkeypalooza is based solely on donations from various campus organizations and academic departments through both monetary and food donations, so the magnitude and success of the event stands as a testament to the generous, service-focused attitude on campus. Those involved in overseeing the event at Campus Kitchen have high ambitions for the program in the future. Public Relations Director David Ajamy said he was ecstatic with the event this year. The group was allowed to use the official Wake Forest Snapchat story for the week and Ajamy said it was awesome to showcase Campus Kitchen and its work and to continue to spread information out about the organization to students. The Turkeypalooza Snapchat story featured the humor and hard work of both the Campus Kitchen executive team and the volunteers. Through the use of social media, the organization is currently attempting to grow its presence. “While I have many families at Wake Forest, my Campus Kitchen family is my favorite,” Ajamy said. “Working with students

who not only have a passion for food justice but also want to help the local community I was raised in is just so beautiful.” All of Campus Kitchens partner organization are in the local area, but most of them are actually in the historical neighborhood beside Wake Forest, the Boston Thurmond neighborhood. By working with Wake Forest’s neighbors, Ajamy believes it shows Wake Forest students the reality of food deserts that exist right beside campus. Student Coordinator Allie Hubbard spoke of the goals of the program in coming years. “We hope that we can continue to add new partner organizations and have an even bigger impact on the community,” Hubbard said. In 2016, Campus Kitchen had over 1,300 volunteers who volunteered for a total of over 3,000 hours, recovering over 45,000 pounds of food and serving over 11,000 meals. For students looking to get involved with Turkeypalooza and Campus Kitchen in the future, there are a variety of ways to have an impact. For Turkeypalooza specifically, students can sign up to volunteer on cooking and delivery shifts.

News | Old Gold & Black

Thursday, November 30, 2017 |Page 5

Sustainability: SASN seeks new strategies

Continued from Page 1

Jenna Truedson, a junior on the cross country and track team, is one of Fahmy’s teammates who was recruited to join SASN. Truedson says the goal of SASN is to get more student-athletes involved to ensure that they are reaching every athlete and bringing new ideas to the table. Since last fall, there have been several initiatives implemented by SASN to promote sustainability. These include monitoring the thermostats in the locker rooms to reduce energy consump-

tion, providing reusable water bottles to reduce waste, donating used athletic gear and sneakers to children in other countries and limiting water use for athletic fields. Wake Forest also isn’t the only school with a student-athlete led sustainability network. A simple Google search yields results for colleges such as Middlebury, University of California Berkeley, Davidson, Yale, Bowdoin and Amherst, whose past projects could inspire Wake’s SASN in future strategies moving forward.

There are several organizations on campus involved in sustainability, but the challenge for Wake Forest, and the world, is getting everybody on the same page to share the same passion in reducing our negative environmental impact. “Collaboration between student-athletes and non-student-athletes would be beneficial because it may lead to new solutions that can impact a greater proportion of this campus and of the behaviors that occur on campus,” said Jessy Silfer, a recent Wake Forest graduate and former field hockey player involved with SASN.

Sebastian Irby, a senior and interdisciplinary major in sustainable studies, thinks SASN actually has more potential to make an impact because relationships between athletic teams are tighter than other organizations, like fraternities and sororities, who make up a majority of the student body. “It really depends on how much the reps want to put into it and how much the team respects or wants to listen to that person,” Irby said. “But I think that working with athletics from the student level and top down is going to make things a lot more effective and give them more momentum.”

Winston-Salem strengthens climate action Major Allen Joines joins cohort of mayors honoring the Paris Climate Accords locally BY CLAIRE CORNETTA Contributing Writer In light of President Donald Trump’s decision to pull the U.S. out of the Paris Climate Accords, the world’s largest coalition against climate change, an impressive movement to counteract this decision has emerged throughout the country. This movement has largely been led by local government officials who chose to publicly renounce Trump’s decision and uphold the Paris Accords locally. It has unified communities such as WinstonSalem in an effort to emphasize the importance of a global initiative to protect the environment. “It was incumbent upon us to uphold the Paris Accords despite the president’s decision,” Winston-Salem mayor Allen Joines said in an interview. “Ignoring the agreement’s stipulations is not taking us in the direction we need to go.” Joines is one of 382 mayors in the U.S. who have pledged to locally honor the Paris Accords through the Mayors’ National Climate Action Agenda. This effort has been broadened by the We Are Still

In movement, a cohesive initiative of over 2,500 leaders in businesses, cities, counties, states, tribes, colleges and universities that began this past summer after Trump announced his intended withdrawal of the U.S. from the Paris Accords. This collaborative effort between different kinds of institutions is aimed at strengthening climate action, even locally with the relationship between Wake Forest and Winston-Salem. Like Joines, Wake Forest President Nathan O. Hatch is part of the We Are Still In initiative as a signatory to the Presidents’ Climate Leadership Commitments, according to Wake Forest’s Chief Sustainability Officer DeDee Johnston. Winston-Salem exemplifies the type of advocacy that is moving the country forward notwithstanding the current administration’s attitude toward climate change. As a central part of the Winston-Salem community, Wake Forest has substantially contributed to the success of the city’s sustainability efforts by maintaining a close relationship with leaders in local government. Wake Forest has especially played a key role in helping Winston-Salem reduce energy usage in buildings by converting dormitories to make them more efficient and maintaining a high standard of efficiency for new buildings, Joines said. Johnston has collaborated with the city of Winston-Salem to improve sustainability efforts both around and outside of campus.

“I’m really looking forward to the ways that Wake Forest can work with the community on engaged learning opportunities for sustainability,” Johnston said. She added that among the more prominent joint initiatives between Wake Forest and Winston-Salem, a large emphasis has been placed on understanding and retrofitting the community’s means of transportation. Transportation systems in the greater Winston-Salem community will not be reformed overnight, as complicating factors such as the distribution of the city’s capital budget and the difficulty in measuring the needs of commuting people prevent immediate change. Despite this hindrance, Winston-Salem has been able to convert its city buses into a totally hybrid fleet, and the Wake Forest shuttle system has been expanded to provide transportation services to a number of convenient locations to eliminate reliance on personal vehicles. In 2014, the city of Winston-Salem partnered with Wake Forest to conduct a study of the two-mile perimeter surrounding campus in order to better understand the community’s transportation needs and retrofit future plans to these needs. Johnston and Joines, along with Sustainability Program Manager for WinstonSalem Wendell Hardin, spearheaded this

study and were motivated by the idea that Wake Forest would be a leader for the rest of the community. This study led to the realization that alternative modes of transportation cannot be used to their full potential in the surrounding areas around Wake Forest. As a result, the broader, long-term goal is to connect the city — from Wake Forest to Salem College to Winston-Salem State University — by building a network of efficient modes of public and alternative transportation, says Johnston. The minimal number of people using alternative modes of transportation can be attributed to the lack of continuous sidewalks on Polo Road, and this is something that the city and Wake Forest hope to change by building uninterrupted sidewalks, according to Johnston. While reaching this goal may be a long way down the road, efforts by cities and non-governmental institutions alike are proving that seemingly small-scale actions have the potential to make a big impact, especially at a time when the president and his cabinet are choosing to trivialize the threat of global warming and treat solving environmental issues and success in business as mutually exclusive. “Climate change is real,” Joines says. “And we can all play a role in ameliorating some of the impacts of our energy consumption and reducing the size of our carbon footprint.”

POLICE BEAT Larceny/Vandalism • Unknown subject(s) took two bicycles from the resident’s house on Polo Road. There are currently no suspects. The report was filed on Nov. 15 at 2:18 p.m. • Unknown subject(s) stole 20 - 24 footballs, four volleyballs, and three pairs of shoes from McCreary Field House. The report was filed on Nov. 15 at 3:30 p.m. • Unknown subject spray painted basketball court. The report was filed on Nov. 15 at 2:53 p.m. • Unknown subject spray painted picnic table near South. The report was filed on Nov. 15 at 2:53 p.m. • Unknown subject broke a glass pane in an exterior door in Babcock. The report was filed on Nov. 19 at 12:53 a.m.

Underage Consumption/Possession and Alcohol Abuse • Offender consumed liquor at an unknown location, became ill and was transported from Dogwood by ambulance to WFUBMC. The report was filed on Nov. 17 at 11:08 p.m. • Visiting student from Chapel Hill consumed alcohol at a Sigma Chi party. The report was filed on Nov. 18 at 2:30 a.m. • Offender had consumed alcohol at an Sigma Alpha Epsilon party and then 12 shots of rum in Luter. They were transported from Angelou to WFUBMC. The report was filed on Nov. 18 at 5:26 a.m. • Offender had consumed a fifth of vodka and was transported to WFUBMC. The report was filed on Nov. 18 at 5:52 p.m.

• Offender had consumed beer at several off-campus parties and was intoxicated and asleep on a bench on Hearn Plaza. They were transported to Student Health. The report was filed on Nov. 19 at 12:49 a.m. • Offenders were found in possession of alcohol in Lot J. State citations were issued. The report was filed on Nov. 19 at 2:12 a.m. • Offender became ill after consuming vodka at an unknown location and was transported from Johnson to Student Health. The report was filed on Nov. 19 at 3:09 a.m.

Miscellaneous • An unknown white male student damaged a bulletin board in the A wing of Luter. The report was filed on Nov. 19 at 10:26 a.m. • Victim reported unknown suspect(s) entered her unlocked vehicle in Lot R1 during the night and smoked marijuana. No damage was observed and nothing was taken from the car. The report was filed on Nov. 19 at 9:20 a.m. • Unknown subject(s) discharged a fire extinguisher in the stairway near 105 Kitchin. The report was filed on Nov. 18 at 11:27 p.m. • A noise complaint was reported on the LiveSafe app in Poteat. The party was registered until 2:00 a.m. The report was filed on Nov. 19 at 12:58 a.m. • Offenders were found in Lot J with marijuana. A state citation was issued. The report was filed on Nov. 18 at 12:04 a.m. • Victim found car on Gulley Drive with windshield cracked. There are currently no suspects. The report was filed on Nov. 13 at 11:02 a.m.

Page 6 |Thursday, November 30, 2017

Old Gold & Black | News

Susty serves spaghetti with a side of sustainability Sustainability theme house uses bi-weekly dinners to promote ecoconscious thought and behavior BY DAVID AJAMY Staff Writer Located at 1157 Polo Road, the Sustainability Theme House, or as its residents call it, “Susty,” stands as Wake Forest’s longest-running theme house. Susty is what Theme Program Assistant Lando Pieroni describes as a project based around not just an ecological purpose but “one that has social implications.” “To further understand how to reduce our footprint we must start by creating meaningful and sustainable relations,” Pieroni said. “The purpose of this house is to promote inclusivity through sustainable relations and to promote eco-conscious activities.” A program assistant, Pieroni is in charge of having programs for the house based around sustainability. Part of the Susty mission and his own is creating a cohort of people who are from different backgrounds and have different ideas but all care about sustainability. Only then can Susty promote an active learning experience around sustainability for its members. Susty houses 10 students this year, many of whom are involved in various organizations on campus. Pieroni believes that by having members of Susty involved across campus, it can promote sustainable endeavors beyond the house. One of the earliest programs that has become known on campus for both its free food and the elaborate invitation emails has been Spaghetti Night. The residents of Susty cook a heap of spaghetti and build a space for dialogue and community to form. The night consists of a chaotic kitchen, a ton of people all around and spaghetti for days (all gluten-free and vegan of course.) The program has provided junior Maggie Powell access to “feel comfortable in the sustainability

Julia Stevens/Old Gold & Black

The Sustainability House on Polo Road is currently home to ten students. community” since her first year. This is Powell’s first year living in the house. “Susty is definitely the most ‘sustainable’ community I’ve been a part of,” she said. She also said that the mutual respect the residents have for each other has resulted in a her gaining more sustainable friendships. Beyond the community Susty builds, it also acts as a hub for what Powell called “sustainability-type people.” This hub allows the community to better work and collaborate on projects and ideas revolving around sustainability. One of the ideas that is brought up often, especially

on Spaghetti Night, is how students’ diets impact the environment. Pieroni explored this idea his junior year when he became a vegetarian. “It was an insightful experience because you really start to understand the value of what you’re eating,” Pieroni said. He added that while he isn’t a vegetarian now, he keeps himself accountable for how much processed or red meat he eats. Powell currently does not eat red meat or seafood. In high school, she began to see the impact of her diet on the environment. “As I tied more of my identity with environmentalism, I tried to make my diet more sustainable,” she said. Powell, who was vegan for a year and a half, said, “100 percent of my shift in diet can be attributed to my passion for sustainability.” When asked about the impact of food consumption on the environment, Brian Cohen, the program coordinator for the Office of Sustainability said, “Our behaviors associated with food consumption are a major contributor to climate change and one that is overlooked.” According to Cohen, it takes around 2,000 gallons of water to produce one pound of beef. This means that cutting one pound of beef from your diet is equivalent to skipping over 100 showers. Cohen recommended that students familiarize themselves with what they are eating and the impact of their diets. “Eating a more plant-forward diet, eating local and organic products are all decisions that individuals can make that can have a major positive impact on the environment,” Cohen said. Susty’s residents are doing just this — by visiting the 100 percent organic farmers’ market on Saturday morning to having their biweekly Spaghetti Night, Susty is trying to take better care of the planet and each other. “At the end of the day, the people who started the Susty House and those who are now living in it all have had the same intentions of creating an ecologically and civically conscious community,” Pieroni said.

Israel-Palestine conflict is more than a zero-sum game Lecture emphasizes the advantages of a two-state solution and the importance of interfaith coexistance BY JACK PORTMAN Staff Writer Students and faculty alike gathered on Nov. 28 for Dr. Marcie Lenk’s discussion of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Lenk, the Director of Christian Leadership Programs at the Shalom Hartman Institute in Jerusalem, prefaced her discussion by noting that her material would comprise of her personal experience as an American Jew living in Israel as a context for her understanding of the conflict. While she may seek objectivity in her analysis of the situation, her conclusions only represent those of a single individual with the inherent biases one encounters when identifying with the involved parties of any historical event. Lenk went on to describe her upbringing as an Zionist orthodox Jew in New Jersey, adding that her orthodox Jewish education instructed her to fear Christians and even deterred her from associating with non-orthodox Jews who were considered less serious about Judaism. Lenk said that this sheltered upbringing contributed to her ignorance in later years and would ultimately conflict with her desire to connect with people of differing religious and ethnic backgrounds. At the age of 22, Lenk moved to Israel and lived there for many years before re-

alizing her profound interest in Christianity while engaging with Christians at an interfaith service. She returned to the U.S. to enroll in the Harvard Divinity School to study Christianity. Following her description of her Zionist orthodox upbringing and her move to Israel, Lenk discussed the mounting tensions between Jewish Israelites and Palestinians. Palestinians had been living in marginalization for many years prior to the First Intifada, a Palestinian campaign of violence that Lenk claims served as an introduction of the Palestinians to those Jews like herself whose orthodox Zionist upbringing excluded familiarity with the Palestinian plight. She learned that a minority population of Palestinians, a stateless people, were living under oppression in Israel, lacking Israeli citizenship altogether on the basis of their ethnicity. Concurrent also was a hugely substantial power differential between the Palestinians and Israelis which further polarized the groups. Tensions heightened in 1967, when neighboring countries such as Egypt, Syria and Jordan began preparations for war against Israel. Many Zionists believed this to be the end of their Jewish homeland and began preparations for the abundant violence they assumed would occur. However, Israel won the conflict in six days, expanding into the previously Jordanian West Bank and Egyptian Gaza Strip. These territories are still controlled by Israel, although Palestinians living there do not retain citizenship to any country. Discussions of a two-state solution to the PalestinianIsraeli conflict sparked hope amongst Israelites. It was during this time that Lenk experienced a “great political

and spiritual awakening,” realizing her own ignorance and pursuing her desire to engage with Christians, a people whom she’d ignored for much of her life. She at this time also began “mingling” with Palestinians, despite the cultural tension. This “awakening” prompted her to return to the U.S. to begin her studies in Christianity. As the ordinal nomenclature of the First Intifada would suggest, a second occurred while Lenk was studying in the US. Far more violent than the first, the Second Intifada served as a catalyst to the Israeli disengagement from the West Bank in 2005. Two years later, elections in the West Bank saw the Hamas party gain power, a party that notably refuses recognition of the Israeli state. Violence began again, as rockets launched from the Gaza Strip detonated in Israeli cities. Lenk returned in 2011 to a consensus of fading hope for a two-state plan which she attributes to increasing polarization and mutual unwillingness to understand the opposing party’s culture and perspective. Intermingling between each group was uncommon, so Lenk sought to help facilitate a greater coexistence, if only on a small scale, by introducing her Jewish friends to her Palestinian friends and illustrating the cultural similarities existing between the two. Daniel James, a graduate student in religious studies, found Lenk’s integration of personal narrative and historiography to be particularly meaningful and added that Lenk’s actions in “crossing the border” (literally and figuratively) as a means to broaden her understanding of unfamiliar culture represented the necessity of mutual engagement amongst conflicting factions to facilitate broader understanding.

Thursday, November 30, 2017 | Page 7

News | Old Gold & Black

Biology professor traverses the Serengeti Professor Todd Michael Anderson studies ecology and species diversity in the savanna ecosystems of

What do you think is causing this lack of awareness? Part of it is being overwhelmed by this well intended attempt to reforest ecosystems, to plant trees and pull carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. The problem is savannas don’t need reforesting. They are dominated by grass, inhabited by grazers and they burn. All these animals that we care about and are trying to protect, [savannas] are the systems that they rely on. And if you try to reforest them, it will completely change the way they operate.

BY JULIANA MARINO Staff Writer After travelling to Kenya his sophomore year of college, Todd Michael Anderson, a Wake Forest biologist, became fascinated by savanna ecosystems. While studying an African savanna rodent known as the spring hair, he started to wonder what drives the complex species-plant interactions that make these vast grasslands unique. Anderson’s curiosity has led him to conduct research projects on savanna ecology and species diversity in Serengeti, Tanzania. He now tries to find a balance between teaching biology classes on campus and conducting research on a separate continent, both with the goal of highlighting the importance of protecting these sanctuaries for some of the world’s most incredible species. Your research is focused on grazing ecosystems in the Serengeti. Can you describe what a grazing ecosystem is and how it functions? Grazing ecosystems are ecosystems that are dominated by large-bodied herbivores. In the Serengeti (in Tanzania in central Africa), it’s the wildebeest. There are over a million wildebeests that migrate around the ecosystem every year. The Serengeti is unique in that the boundary of the national park is really defined by the migration of these wildebeests. A large part of the productivity, meaning plant growth, gets consumed by large herbivores. That doesn’t happen in forests, for example. In forests, the major herbivore tends to be insects, and they’re not consuming a large part of the productivity every year. So, we call [regions like the Serengeti] grazing ecosystems. Savanna ecology and conservation is the theme of your research. Can you explain some of the specific projects you are currently working on? It turns out savannas are very dynamic ecosystems with lots of shifts between grasslands and woodlands. I’m interested in why savannas change so rapidly and what causes these turnovers. The other thing I’m really interested in is predator-prey interactions in savannas and how those translate into changes in the ecosystem. How do changes in the predator community cascade all the way down to influence the vegetation? What are some of the methods you use in the lab and out in the field? The approaches I use are really from a broad spectrum of methods that include plant physiology and field work. We also use camera traps to study animals and their movements, and then we use remote sensing, which is satellites that are circling the Earth and collecting data on the ground. So, we use all these methods to try to link on-the-ground measurements of plants to population studies of plants and animals with camera traps. You also use Snapshot Serengeti, a project that has 225 cameras placed throughout Serengeti National Park to take pictures of the wildlife. How do you use the data collected from SS for your research? The main way we use it is to study the spatial distribution of the animals. It gives us a continuous record of where animals in the landscape are. For example, we can use satellites to tell us where the best habitat is in a particular season because it will be green with lots of vegetation growth doing one part of the year. Then we use the camera traps to see which species are responding to that pulse of vegetation growth.

Photo courtesy of Todd Michael Anderson

Anderson divides his time between teaching biology and studying ecology in the Serengeti.

On your lab website, you say the Serengeti is “one of the last remaining fully functional grazing ecosystems.” Can you explain what that means?

Each project has a different goal, but the main thing I hope is that my work will create a better understanding and appreciation of savanna ecosystems and how important they are to protect. These are areas that are incredibly threatened around the globe. They’re losing species, predators and habitat. It’s essential that we protect them, but in order to do that we need to know how they function.

Because of habit destruction we’re losing a lot of the species, especially predators and large herbivores that make up an important component of these ecosystems. In Africa, the Serengeti is one of the last of these ecosystems with the entire community fully intact. There haven’t been any extinctions with the species that we believe have evolved there over the last several million years. [The species] are interacting in what we think is a naturally functioning ecosystem. That is very rare because the Earth now is dominated by humans and our effects reaching every single ecosystem on Earth.

What do you think is the greatest threat to savannas?

Can you give an example of a grazing ecosystem negatively impacted by humans?

The major threat is habitat loss. Habitat loss is the single most important anthropogenic, destructive effect. These [savannas] tend to be areas that are really good for agriculture, [but also] climate change is obviously a great threat. For example, in their nature, savannas are places that burn often. Fire is a part of their evolution and ecology. We don’t know how climate change is going to influence the extent of fire, the frequency of fire and the severity of fire.

The Great Plains of the U.S. was one of the greatest grazing ecosystems on Earth. There used to be somewhere in the neighborhood of eight million bison that used to migrate throughout the plains from Texas to Canada. It’s now a giant corn and soybean field. There’s very few tiny remnants of that ecosystem left. Yellowstone is one piece of what used to be a much larger grazing ecosystem that occurred throughout the U.S.

Could climate change potentially lead to an increase in habitat loss by causing an increase in fires?

You’ve been travelling to the Serengeti two to three times a year since 2000. Can you describe what it is like to experience the wildlife and landscape firsthand?

What is the goal of your research?

Exactly. For example, one consequence of climate change is believed to be more severe rainy seasons and longer dry seasons. This would lead to large amounts of vegetation growth followed by a dry period, which is the perfect condition for fire to burn. Fires are a really important part of the ecology in savannas, but as soon as you start to change the frequency or severity, there can be consequences, such as habitat loss. Why is it important to protect African savannas? What’s at stake? I look to these ecosystems with elephants, lions and rhinos; if we can’t protect them, then how are we going to protect all of the other biodiversity that people don’t even know about or recognize? These are emblematic ecosystems that I think really represent our struggle to stop environmental destruction. And so, not only are they important for their ecosystem services, which are key, but really they are emblematic of our attempt to protect biodiversity on Earth.

There are very touristy areas in the Serengeti, but it only takes a few minutes to get way out in the remote part of the ecosystem. When you’re in amongst the wildebeest migration it’s like nothing else on Earth. I never get tired of seeing that migration or just being in total awe of how many animals are there. My kids go to sleep at night, and they don’t get to see the Milky Way and shooting stars because there is so much air pollution. But when you’re [in the Serengeti], you see every star in the sky. The Milky Way is so bright. You hear lions calling in the distance. It’s a wild and incredible place. Every time I’m there in the open grasslands it gives me hope. I’m thankful that there are still places like [the Serengeti] on Earth.


Do you think there is a lack of awareness regarding the importance of protecting savannas? I think that especially people in the U.S. don’t really know much about savannas at all. [Savannas] are really important on other continents, so we don’t think about them much here. You asked me if there is a misconception about the importance of protecting these areas. Absolutely, and it’s at the forefront of the science that is happening now. Even in the scientific community, where obviously, scientists know about savannas, I think there’s a lack of appreciation for how threatened and important they are.

Photo courtesy of Todd Michael Anderson

A lion and its prey are spotted in the savanna while zebras gather in the distance.


T H U R S D AY, N o v e m b e r 3 0 , 2 0 1 7

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at : w w w. w f u o g b. co m

E d i t o r : D av i d A j a my, a j a m d g 1 5 @ w f u. e d u A s s t . E d i to r : Rose Klaus,

The views expressed in all opinion columns represent those of the article’s author, not the opinions of the Old Gold & Black Editorial Board

“ sexual assault must be depolitisized Issues regarding Fresh “Pear” of Eyes | Sexual Assault

Society must reject sexual assault perpetrators, regardless of their political affliation

Sexual harassment and assault is not a partisan issue. It transcends political parties and we cannot allow the topic to be politicized.”

Chris Pearcey

within his party, Moore insinuated that the claims are art of a political conspiracy against him and has refused to drop out of the race. Notably, the President and those close to him are seemingly straddling both sides of the ‘line of condemnation.’ On one hand, the President qualified a condemnation by adding ‘only if true’ — at the same time the President has made clear that voting for Moore is a better option than Moore’s democratic opponent Doug Jones, tweeting that “The last thing we need in Alabama and the U.S. Senate is a Schumer/Pelosi puppet who is WEAK on Crime, WEAK on the Border, ... Jones would be a disaster!” Less than a week later, allegations of sexual assault against Democratic Senator Al Franken were brought to light by Leeann Tweeden. These included an incident of unwanted advances and a taking of a picture of a sleeping Tweeden in a compromising position. Although thoroughly apologizing and subjecting himself to an investigating, Franken deserv-

Guest Columnist

Two weeks ago, allegations of sexual assault against senate candidate Roy Moore emerged. These numerous claims include pursuing a relationship with a then 14 yearold, sexual assault of a 16 year-old and inappropriate conduct that led to the republican from Alabama being banned from a local mall. In the wake of the scandal, more than a dozen republican senators (including John McCain, Bob Corker, Lindsay Graham and Majority Leader Mitch McConnell) denounced Moore. They called for him to step aside and quit the special election for the Senate seat vacated by Jeff Sessions. During these allegations and calls to step aside from

ingly received the same sort of criticism that Moore faced. In the wake of the Franken scandal, Kate Harding, someone who identifies as a feminist, argued in the Washington Post that it would not be in the best interest of women for Franken to step down. Using a justification of pragmatism, Harding asserts that a Democrat, even one who has been proven to objectify women, would be better for women in the long term than risking the seat to a replacement or Republican. While she may be right about the political consequences of losing a seat occupied by a progressive Democrat, I believe that it is not in the long-term best interest of women for Franken to keep his seat in the United States Senate. I hold the same feelings towards anyone else currently in or running for political office as well. Sexual harassment and assault is not a partisan issue. It transcends political parties and we cannot allow the topic to be politicized. Sexual assault against women has historically been underreported. Even if allegations or ‘whisperings’ surface, the political careers and aspirations of men in power have been privileged over the safety and well-being of an uncountable amounts of victims. Although the outrage has been vehement against the recently accused, we as Americans

are coming to a crossroads. Plainly, it is a case of right versus wrong. Giving merit (in the case of Roy Moore) to claims that allegations are part of a wider conspiracy against you and the alt-right sets a dangerous precedent, and are ludicrous and narcissistic. Hiding behind statements of condemnation with the qualifier ‘only if true’ might be worse. The scariest part of the whole situation is, is that even if the President wanted to, he can’t condemn Moore. Franken admitted to the allegations so to the President he is fair game, but due to the content of the infamous Access Hollywood/Billy Bush tape by condemning Moore he’d also be committing political suicide — something that this President is unwilling to do. The moment that we definitively trade votes in the Senate and in the House for the sense of security of our mothers, sisters and wives is a moment I hope never comes. Among other things, from a global perspective we will lose the entirety of the already diminished moral authority left remaining. Most importantly, we will lose the support of women domestically. I will not act like I have all of the answers, but a start would be unequivocally rebuking men, especially those in positions of power who harass and assault women — regardless of political affiliation.

Sexual assault“allegations need to be taken seriously With All Due Res-beck-t| | Hollywood and Sexual Assault

We need to support those who share their stories of sexual assault and harassment Becky Swig

Staff Columnist

The past few weeks have been filled with people sharing their stories of sexual assault, often with the #MeToo on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and other platforms. This movement has encouraged other victoms to speak up, share their stories and make their voices heard. I truly commend each and every person for sharing their story. Furthermore, in recent weeks, there has been a push in Hollywood to speak out against those who have taken advantage of and harmed people, especially women, in and outside of the workplace. Since the accusation of Harvey Weinstein, dozens of actors, producers,

How many more people are going to be and Robert Buckley have tweeted their societal culture. It is time that every accused for harming others, how many support for the women who penned the person feels safe walking into work and feels comfortable in everyday life. more cases of this type of behavior will letter. These cases are just a blip on the rait take for true change to happen?” directors and other prominent figures in Hollywood have been accused of sexual assault and harassment — whether it be from the present day or decades ago. One of the cases which has been repeartedly covered in the media and public discourse is Kevin Spacey. He was not only accused of harassing many young men, but also for attempting to overshadow these allegations by coming out as gay.Spacey’s House of Cards has since been cancelled by Netflix. I believe this is a step forward in the industry holding people accountable for their actions. Additionally, One Tree Hill and The Royal’s producer Mark Schwahn has been accused of sexual assault in a letter penned by 18 cast and crew members including Hilarie Burton, Sophia Bush and Audrey Wauchope. Many castmates from One Tree Hill, including male leads James Lafferty, Chad Michael Murray

dar of the many instances of sexual assault and harassment not only in Hollywood, or in politics, but in everyday life. Enough is enough. Finally, those in Hollywood and even in politics are starting to be held accountable for their actions. Victoms have the courage to step forward and face those who have acted unethically, illegally and immorally. These past few weeks have brought the horrible reality of the Hollywood industry to light, and I am saddened to think about what will happen in the coming weeks. How many more people are going to be accused for harming others? How many more cases of this type of behavior will it take for true change to happen? I commend each and every person who has come forward to denounce those whose behavior has been nothing short of disgusting. It is time to change the Hollywood culture, the political culture and the

Jay L. Clendenin/Los Angeles Times/TNS

Thursday, November 30, 2017 | Page 9

Opinion | Old Gold & Black

“ damages the economics profession Male dominance Wil(cox) Be Right | Women in Economics

More equal representation leads to better outcomes in the field of economics

Unfortunately, female representation in the economics major at Wake Forest isn’t any better than the national average... ”

Amanda Wilcox

distressingly familiar to many female economists. To be sure, over the past several decades, female representation has made progress by leaps and bounds in science, technology, engineering and math, but the percentage of women in the economics profession has remained stagnant at a low level over the past 20 years. Economics is now more male-dominated than chemistry, biology or industrial engineering. Moreover, a research paper by Alice Wu, an economics student at University of California-Berkeley, identified and quantified a significant degree of hostility towards female economists from their male colleagues. In posts to an online forum frequently used by economists, particularly younger members of the field, words commonly used to describe female economists made for uncomfortable reading: “hotter,” “feminazi,” “gorgeous,” “crush,” “sexy,” “prostitute” and “pregnant,” to name a few. Words used in discussions about male economists were actually relevant to economics, such as “Austrian” (a school of thought in economics), “mathematician,” “pricing,” “recession” and “Nobel.” Another study found that when women co-author economic research with men, their marginal payoff is much

Staff Columnist

By any reasonable standards, Janet Yellen’s four years as chair of the Federal Reserve — a singularly important job in the global economy — were a success. Unemployment fell steadily, inflation remained slow and stable, and the Federal Reserve was able to begin unwinding the extraordinary measures it took in the aftermath of the Great Recession. People who don’t agree on much else have reached the consensus that Yellen, who was the first female leader of the U.S. central bank in its 100-year history, has a stellar record. Yet despite all that, in a significant departure from precedent, President Donald Trump failed to reappoint her. Nor did he choose someone with a drastically different philosophy on monetary policy. He chose Jerome Powell, a current Federal Reserve governor who is expected to stay the course that Yellen set. For some Federal Reserve watchers, the decision to replace a superlatively smart and qualified woman with “Yellen lite” spotlights a dynamic that is endemic to the economics profession and

less than that of their male co-authors. Considering this context, it is unsurprising that in the time period from 2011 to 2015, only 31 percent of BAs in economics were awarded to women. More women in the field would undeniably change the landscape. But when this kind of an environment exists, it’s understandable why many women choose to pursue something else. Unfortunately, female representation in the economics major at Wake Forest isn’t any better than the national average and isn’t promising for the future diversity of the profession. On average, between 2011 and 2015, just 25.4 percent of economics BAs at Wake Forest were awarded to females, compared to 52.4 percent of BAs in all disciplines. The gender imbalance of both students and professors in my classes has been strikingly apparent. At present, only three out of 23 economics faculty members are female, including visiting and research professors. After taking four economics classes in high school and college and studying the work of economists from Keynes and Hayek to Thaler, I am discouraged to report that I have not once been taught a major theory whose architect was a woman. Only one woman has ever won the Nobel Prize in economics — Elinor Ostrom in 2009 — and before behavioral economist Richard Thaler won this year, not a single woman was on lists floating about guessing who the winner would be.

I have sympathy and empathy for other women who feel like they don’t have a place in a field that is to this day dominated by a similar demographic to the one that dominates the pages of our economics textbooks. As any economist would know, it’s impossible to achieve the optimal allocation of human capital when a chunk of the population is excluded. And if female economists approach public policy questions such as minimum wage and labor regulation differently than their male counterparts, their proportional representation will certainly lead to better and more creative outcomes. When the group of decision-makers looks more like “everyone,” everyone does a whole lot better.

Aside from being rude and childish for snapping on a then 16 year old, it’s disturbing that being politically correct when discussing holidays is a problem for some people. First, saying, “Happy Holidays” is showing respect for those who don’t celebrate Christmas. You can’t tell what holidays someone celebrates just by looking at them, so by saying, “Merry Christmas,” you’re making an assumption that people celebrate that holiday. Also, although you may not intend to, only saying “Merry Christmas,” exudes a superiority complex. Christmas is not the only December holiday, but to refuse to say, “Happy Holidays” is saying that Christmas is the only December holiday that matters and is worth acknowledging in a simple greeting or salutation. Secondly, what’s the issue with being politically correct? The purpose of being politically correct is to be mindful of groups of people who

aren’t a part of the majority. I don’t find it to be a coincidence that those so opposed to being politically correct aren’t a part of any marginalized group. In all honesty, the term, “politically correct” is flawed anyway. It should just be “correct.” Being respectful of those different from you shouldn’t be considered political, it should be considered a part of being a decent human being. The word limit has creeped up on me again, so I’ll close by saying to please be considerate of those who have different customs or celebration systems than you this holiday season. It’s not that big of a deal to be correct and say, “Happy Holidays.” However, it is a big deal to refuse to say it on the grounds that you should only say, “Merry Christmas.” That, to me and to others, is blatant disrespect and disregard for other cultures. Don’t be that guy.

Ron Sachs / CNP /Abaca Press/TNS

“ Saying "Merry Christmas" disregards inclusivity Bringing the Heat(h) | Holidays and Inclusivity

People should be more conscientious of their diction when wishing someone "Happy Holidays" Kasy Heath

Staff Columnist

Every year following Thanksgiving, I look forward to the following things: my mom being in a good enough mood to cook for me every day when I come home, seeing my relatives get drunk and argue over nothing at family gatherings, shopping for gifts and seeing beautiful, colorful lights. What I don’t look forward to is cringing every time I go shopping and someone says, “Merry Christ-

Although you may not intend to, only saying, “Merry Christmas,” exudes a superiority complex." mas” rather than, “Happy Holidays.” Seems like a trivial things to get worked up over, but let me explain. While Christmas is widely celebrated and is the most popular December holiday, it is not the only holiday in December. There are several other holidays including, Hanukkah, Kwanza and Boxing Day to name a few. The only reason many people are inclined to say “Merry Christmas” is because that’s the most represented holiday. That’s where the issue lies. I’ll never forget when I was working as a cashier at a grocery store and after ringing one customer up and saying, “Happy Holidays,” he snapped on me by telling me to say, “Merry Christmas” and stop being politically correct.

Page 10 | Thursday, November 30, 2017

Old Gold & Black | Opinion

“ how sexual assault is conceptualized The dangers of Nothing Better (E)-Than This | Sexual Assault

Society must not let its guard down to a rise of McCarthyism concerning sexual assault

Ethan Bahar

Staff Columnist

An onslaught of sexual assault allegations against famous men have recently come to light. It seems as though the Harvey Weinstein revelations burst the dam. Victims are slowly feeling like the environment is safe enough for them to expose their assaulters. This systematic shift is one for which we should be grateful. For too long, a number of the most powerful men in our society, including many that have for years been revered, have lived in utter impunity. Thus, the reckoning, while certainly welcome, has arrived much later than it should have. Since Oct. 5, when the first New York Times report was printed about Harvey Weinstein, a common trope has been touted, and generally accepted with little question by the competent public (this excludes our President, Roy Moore, Breitbart News, or anyone else who still supports Roy Moore). Namely, the mantra goes that we ought to always believe accusers. Generally, I accept this approach. Take Weinstein’s accusers, for example: young, female actresses. In the film industry, especially if you are a young actress, it takes a lot of guts to make such strong allegations against the most powerful man in Hollywood. A false accusation could be careersuicide. These women had little to gain and everything to lose by outing Weinstein. Certainly, we can believe their story, especially after considering the bevy of demonstrable evidence they bring to the table. Furthermore, statis-

By simply stating, “always believe the accuser” without any other nuance, we are entering into dangerous territory.” tical evidence remains on the side of the accusers. Numerous studies coming out of the U.S. and Europe routinely find that of all sexual assault reported, only two to six percent of the accusations are false. These statistics fall in line with all other types of crime. Nevertheless, by simply stating, “always believe the accuser” without any other nuance, we are entering into dangerous territory. When we talk about sexual assault accusations, we are talking about stories, that, when public, are often career ending, even if they are never “proven” with demonstrable evidence. Again, let me reiterate, I am always inclined to believe the victims of sexual assault. However, we need to be vigilant about ensuring that the movement does not become the new, liberal equivalent of McCarthyism. These cases are by and large being held in the court of public opinion. There are three major reasons for this. The first one is due to the fact that the crimes have been shielded until they are outside of the legal statute limitations. Victims have no legal recourse at this point. Secondly, it is due to the nature of the crimes, which fall in legal grey areas. Perhaps, while the story may be disgusting and unethical, the actions of these perpetrators are not technically illegal (think Louis C.K. or Glenn Thrush). A third component that leads to these cases being settled by the public is due to the fact that many times it is too painful for victims to go through the process of rehashing their cases in a courtroom. Using the media provides a more convenient, and perhaps satisfying alternative. Because the public decides the fate

of these cases, certain members of the left are grasping a new mindset. That is the idea that it is acceptable to unscrupulously decimate the careers of men linked to sexual assault with little or no evidence. This is not mere projection. Consider the comments of Emily Lindin, author of Unslut, founder of the Unslut Project, and columnist for Teen Vogue. In a series of tweets, she wrote, “Here’s an unpopular opinion: I’m not at all concerned about innocent men losing their jobs over false sexual assault/ harassment allegations,” and “Sorry if some innocent men’s reputations have to take a hit in the process of undoing the patriarchy, that is a price I am absolutely willing to pay.” This is a dangerous attitude that, if accepted, would certainly lead to McCarthyism. Unsurprisingly, Lindin’s misinformed tweets were immediately maligned by members of both the left and the right

on Twitter. However, it would be naïve to suggest that she is alone in holding these sentiments. This past week, right wing troll James O’Keefe’s organization, Project Veritas, hired an actress to make false rape accusations to the Washington Post about Roy Moore in an attempt to discredit their other reporting about the Republican Senatorial Candidate. Due to the diligent work and high ethical standards of the Washington Post, they were able to soundly debunk the false claims before ever reporting them, and in the process, they embarrassed O’Keefe and his organization. This story brings me hope that we are not about to face a second onslaught of McCarthyism. However, with attitudes like Lindin’s infiltrating other publications hungry for scoops and less blinded to ethical standards, we cannot let our guard down. We owe that much to the numerous victims of sexual assault.

Dave Bedrosian/Future-Image/Zuma Press/TNS

Word on the Quad(ruplets) | Traditions

What is your favorite holiday tradition at Wake Forest?

“Project Pumpkin.” Charlie Doran (‘21)

“Lighting of the quad.” Charlie Doran (‘21)

“Lovefeast is the best.” Charlie Doran (‘21)

“I love Pitsgiving.” Charlie Doran (‘21)


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Online at: Twitter: @OGBSports Editors: Kyle Ferrer,; Ren Schmitt,


Eight All-ACC honorees lead Deacs to 7-5 season Senior tight end Cam Serigne earned first-team honors, John Wolford elected to second-team BY KYLE TATICH Production Manager

Two of the last four collegiate football programs to win the national championship have been members of the ACC, as has the reining Heisman Trophy winner. The conference has made significant strides in recent seasons to surpass the SEC and Big 10 as the best among the Power 5. This year, the ACC continued its dominance and the teams within the conference's two divisions have become more balanced. Wake Forest was projected by many outlets to take a step back this year after exceeding expectations in 2016, winning seven games and reaching a bowl. Some even predicted the Deacs would win as few as four games in 2017 and would finish last in the Atlantic division of the ACC. To the surprise of those other than the Demon Deacon faithful, Wake Forest finished with a record of 7-5, which included victories over ACC Atlantic giant, Louisville and instate rival North Carolina State. The Deacs were most notably led by the play of senior quarterback, John Wolford, but took significant steps forward this year by many who received less recognition throughout the season. Improved play on the offensive line contributed to Wake Foret's pro-

Photo courtesy of Wake Forest Athletic Communications

On senior night Wake Forest knocked off No. 19 NC State, defeating the Wolfpack 30-24. In this game John Wolford had 278 total yards and three touchdowns, all of which involved Tabari Hines. gram record 5,402 yards of total offense and the recognitions of center Ryan Anderson (second-team), lineman Justin Herron (third-team) and lineman Phil Haynes (third-team) to All-ACC honors. Senior tight end Cam Serigne (first-team) set an ACC record for receiving yards by a tight end and freshman wide receiver Greg Dortch (second-team) notably recorded four touchdowns against Louisville, de-

spite playing through what would be a season-ending injury. Defensive end Duke Ejiofor (second-team) led the Deacon defense to one of the top ranking units in terms of tackles for loss in the country. Senior kicker Mike Weaver (secondteam) played as good as any specialist in the country this year and notably kept Wake Foret in a position to win when the Deacs traveled to Syracuse in November. In this game Weaver

connected on three field goals, including two of 40 yards or more. Wake Forest had the third most All-ACC selections (8), trailing just Clemson (13) and Miami (10). The 2017 regular season was an overwhelming success for the Deacs and the All-ACC selections were indicative of this fact. Wake Forest now waits patiently to learn where it will play its bowl game.

Student creates algorithm to rank college football teams BY TYLER PEREZ Contributing Writer About The Rankings: This rating system is relatively simple compared to other complex college football computer algorithms. It is imperfect, and with any rating system it is no doubt going to have some head scratchers. However, the beauty of this system is that it ranks teams based on their cumulative performances thus far throughout the season. It is meant to be a number to measure a team’s overall performance thus far. It is based on three factors W-L percent, (Strength of Schedule) and (Schedule/Outlier Adjusted Margin of Victory). Factor 1: Win Loss percent This one is the most simple of the three, as there are no adjustments made. It is simply a team’s Wins divided by their total games played.

Factor 2: Strength of Schedule Strength of schedule metrics come in all shapes and sizes. Depending on which metric you use, a team like Oklahoma could have one of the 10 toughest schedules in the country or one that is ranked in the hundreds. Mine is simple; however I am planning on making adjustments to it in order to make it so a 7-5 Iowa State team is not worth the same in one’s SOS as an 7-5 Wyoming Team. There are adjustments that currently exist in my model to deal with this facet, however they do not seem to fully adjust for it. The SOS Metric is determined by ⅔ of a team’s opponents W-L percent + ⅓ of their opponent’s opponent’s W-L percent. The number attained after this is weighted by a factor of 1.6 in order to give more emphasis on a team’s SOS. Factor 3: Schedule/Outlier Adjusted Margin of Victory: The Margin of Victory is no doubt the most controver-

sial metric in terms of advanced algorithms. Some metrics such as Colley do not factor it in at all and other models are entirely based on MOV like SRS. My formula takes it into account by weighting it in order to not give it too much of an impact. The catalyst for this being that at the end of the day, football is about winning no matter the final score. There is no doubt that if two teams beat a common opponent but one team blows them out of the water by 35 points, while the other wins by three; the blowout is a much better indicator of relative strength. My model averages the mean scoring margin vs. FBS teams with the median MOV in order to adjust for outlier performances. This is averaged with the average median and mean MOV of their opponents to adjust for strength of opponents. However, the SOS aspect of the metric is weighted greater than the team’s own MOV.national title in program history.

See A New Algorithm, Page 14

Page 12 | Thursday, November 30, 2017

Old Gold & Black | Sports

College Football Playoff picture remains murky The end of the college football season fires up teams and fans alike as the end approaches BY DANIEL PACHINO Staff Writer With the end of college football’s regular season finally here, it is time to gear up for championship weekend. Each of this weekend’s power five conference championship games has serious playoff implications. As it stands currently, there are seven teams (Clemson, Oklahoma, Wisconsin, Auburn, Alabama, Georgia and Miami) with legitimate chances to make the playoff, along with three others (TCU, Ohio State and USC) that are longshots. The Iron Bowl between Alabama and Auburn this past Saturday, Nov. 18, really shook up the playoff situation. Coming into the game, Alabama was undefeated and unquestionaly the No. 1 team in the nation. However, the 9-2 Auburn Tigers had something to say about that and bolstered their playoff resume by knocking off the Crimson Tide 26-14 at home to secure their SEC West title and earning their way into the SEC Championship game over Alabama. Auburn faces Georgia this Saturday, Nov. 25, in the championship game. The Tigers already beat the Bulldogs once this season just three weeks ago. The winner of the SEC will undoubtedly make the playoff; however, the question remains if the SEC will be able to get two teams into the fourteam playoff. Alabama only has one loss all year and it was on the road to

Auburn, a team who would make the playoff if the season ended today. A few things may have to go Alabama’s way to make it into the playoff, but it may prove too difficult for the committee to leave such a deserving team out. In the ACC, Clemson and Miami will battle for the championship and a virtually guaranteed spot in the College Football Playoff. Clemson seems to be hitting its stride late in the season and has risen up to No. 1 in the country with the fall of Alabama last weekend. Meanwhile, Miami was undefeated all year before losing to Pitt this past weekend at home, ending its regular season on the wrong foot. Whoever wins this game will almost certainly make the playoff, and whoever loses is definitely out. I would be very surprised if Clemson does not wind up being the ACC’s representative in the playoff. The Big 12 Championship game this weekend is between No. 2 Oklahoma and No. 10 TCU. Assuming Oklahoma wins this game, they should make the playoff. It would be a major upset if TCU is able to defeat Oklahoma. The Sooners have already defeated the Horned Frogs once this season, and it was in convincing fashion by a score of 38-20. If TCU wins, however, it could make things extremely interesting, but many things would have to fall their way to sneak into the playoff in January. Perhaps the most interesting game this weekend is the Big 10 championship game between No. 3 Wisconsin and No. 8 Ohio State. If Wisconsin wins, they are unquestionably in the playoff. With a win, they would be 13-0 and

the only undefeated team in a powerfive conference. Even though Wisconsin has had a remarkably easy schedule, they would still have wins over Northwestern, Michigan and Ohio State and not a single blemish on their record. If Ohio State wins, Wisconsin is definitely out and Ohio State would have a slim chance to make it. The thing is, though, it would be very difficult to put Ohio State at 11-2 into the playoff over 11-1 Alabama even though Ohio State would have a conference championship on its resume. USC and Stanford square off in a basically meaningless Pac 12 Championship that has essentially zero playoff ramifications. If USC wins, they will have a shot at making the playoff, but

still dozens of different things would have to happen that it is hardly even worth discussing. It will be very interesting to see what plays out this weekend and which teams will make the College Football Playoff. Right now, there are six teams that clearly deserve to make the playoff for the chance to win a championship, but there can only be four. My prediction is that Clemson, Oklahoma, Auburn and Alabama will be the four teams to make the playoff. I would really love to see Wisconsin make it and defeat Ohio State, but I am worried their lack of tests so far will hurt them this weekend when they face the Buckeyes. This weekend will undoubtedly define the CFP slate.

Robert Backman/Cal Sport Media/Zuma Press/TNS

Alabama is looking to sneak into to the college football playoff and reclaim the title after losing last season to Deshaun Watson and the Clemson Tigers 35-31.

Former Wake Forest Stars in the MLS

IAN HARKES - Midfielder for DC United - 22 Games Started - 2 goals, 1 assist in 2017 - ESPY Nominee for Best Male College Athlete All photos courtesy of Wake Forest Athletic Communications

JACORI HAYES - Midfielder for FC Dallas - 2 Games Started - All-ACC First Team in 2015 & 2016 - 18th Overall Pick in 2017 MLS Draft

JACK HARRISON - Midfielder for NYCFC - 33 Games Started - 10 goals, 6 assists in 2017 - 1st Overall Pick in 2016 MLS Draft

Thursday, November 30, 2017 | Page 13

Sports | Old Gold & Black

Pro Spotlight: John Collins BY RYAN JOHNSTON Online Managing Editor

John Collins made a tremendous impact during his playing days at Wake Forest, and his successes are bound to continue at the next level. After being drafted in the first round of the NBA draft by the Atlanta Hawks, Collins has only continued to prove why he belongs at the next level. This season with the Hawks, Collins has already begun to exceed the expectations that accompany a nineteenth pick. He has averaged 11.5 PPG and 7.1 TRB and has already established himself as a confident finisher inside the paint. NBA veteran Blake Griffin commented after playing against Collins, saying that, “He’s going to be a beast. I’ve watched him play this season. Physically he’s ready. He plays the game the right way. He does exactly what I’m assuming he’s supposed to do within their offense. He’s got a super high ceiling.” However, it does not take the basketball acumen of an NBA star to see that John Collins has a bright future in the league. Fourteen points in your first game. How important is it to get that under your belt? Yeah, it’s pretty cool to get into double digits my first game, have an impact the way I did, have a couple dunks and do what I do on the court. I play with a lot of energy, a lot of athleticism and I think those preseason and summer league games gave me some confidence and I think its pouring on over into the regular season and hopefully into all 82 games. What part of your game has

really developed since your last game with Wake Forest? What have you worked on the most? I think it’s really been my IQ. My ability to read different plays, offensively, defensively and know what plays to make certain moves in and what reactions to have have doubled my IQ as a player. I saw a video where you indicated that draft day was the best day or moment of your life. Now that you’ve experienced your first game, do you still see draft day as the top moment or has it been usurped?

Yeah, it’s kind of a storybook, you can’t really write it any better. I went to a small school, underrecruited — you know, Wake Forest is obviously in the ACC, but its not a blueblood school, its not getting that national attention — I played the way I played in the ACC, before non-conference, and like you said, I was playing well, but not t h a t well —

What’s bought?





I bought my mom a Range Rover.

I think draft day is still the biggest

m o ment in my life so far. I think my first true NBA game, though, is really right there, because I’ll remember that moment for my whole life, but I think draft day just takes it.

What’s the biggest physical difference that you’re seeing day-to-day from a challenge perspective? I don’t really think it’s as much on the court as it is off the court. On the court, I expect the amount of physicality to be thrown at me, but off the court, the physicality in terms of taking care of my body really hits hard. That’s going to be the biggest thing for me — taking care of my body.

The journey for you —slightly underrecruited, come to Wake, show signs as a freshman, then you broke out your sophomore season. I’m sure in the back of your mind you always thought you had the opportunity to become an NBA player, but when did it become real for you?

Photo courtesy of Wake Forest Athletic communications

and then ACC play comes, and I had 14 straight 20-point games and 15 or 16 double doubles and we get to the tournament, it kind of all exploded at once. The moment I kind of knew I was going to the NBA was probably after that 14-game streak when I broke that record for the Wake Forest player with the most 20-point games in 30 years, I was like, ‘Man, I’m breaking all-time records that haven’t been broken in 30 years, I might have a real shot.’

Deac Notes

Wake Forest Men’s Basketball head coach Danny Manning signs extension

Wake Forest Soccer Senior Jon Bakero Named Hermann Trophy Semi-Finalist

After leading the Demon Deacons to an appearance in the NCAA tournament during the 2016-17 campaign, head coach Danny Manning signed a six-year extension that will keep him under contract until 2024-25. Though Wake Forest is off to a slow start in 2017, Manning has proven himself to be a competent tactician, recruiter and player developer.

Without the heroics of Jon Bakero, Wake Forest’s shot at the national title would be much weaker. The senior led the NCAA in points with 46 and has been a consistent creator and goal-scorer from the midfield position Now, Bakero has drawn closer to receiving the recognition he deserves on the national stage both individually and with his team.

Photo courtesy of Wake Forest Athletic Communications

Photo courtesy of Wake Forest Athletic Communications

Page 14 | Thursday, November 30, 2017

Old Gold & Black | Sports

2017 ACC bowl game projections Most media outlets predict Wake Forets will spend the holidays at the Belk Bowl

Camping World Bowl: Virginia Tech

BY KYLE TATICH Production Manager

Pinstripe Bowl: Boston College

Because Notre Dame lost to Stanford in its season finale, the Irish have effectively fallen out of contention for one of the New Year’s Six Bowls, a fallout that will likely impact the ACC bowl selection. A part of Notre Dame’s agreement with the ACC is that it would be allowed to take a spot in one of the ACC’s bowls if it were left out of one of the bowls sponsored by the College Football Playoff. With Notre Dame taking one of the ACC’s bids, competition for some of the middle-tier bowls is likely to be dependent on whether or not the ACC is given the Citrus Bowl. If the Orange Bowl were to select a Big 10 opponent to face the automatic bid of an ACC team, then the conference would be given the Big 10’s spot in the Citrus Bowl. Below are two projected scenarios for the ACC bowl selections. The first will assume that the conference is awarded the Citrus Bowl and the second will assume that the Big 10 was not chosen for the Orange Bowl.

Gator Bowl: NC State Belk Bowl: Wake Forest

All signs are pointing toward the Deacs playing in the Belk Bowl in Charlotte on Dec. 29. The only possible reason that this may not happen is if the Belk Bowl decides to take the Wolfpack instead, which could only happen

if NC State fails to receive a bid from the Gator Bowl, formally known as the Tax Slayer Bowl in Jacksonville. All schools will officially know their fate on Sunday, Dec. 3.

Sun Bowl: Louisville Military Bowl: Virginia Independence Bowl: Florida State Quick Lane Bowl: Duke Scenario Two: College Football Playoff: Clemson Orange Bowl: Miami Citrus Bowl: N/A Camping World Bowl: Notre Dame Gator Bowl: Virginia Tech Belk Bowl: Wake Forest Pinstripe Bowl: NC State Sun Bowl: Louisville

Scenario One:

Military Bowl: Virginia

College Football Playoff: Clemson

Independence Bowl: Florida State

Orange Bowl: Miami

Quick Lane Bowl: Duke

Citrus Bowl: Notre Dame

Gasparilla Bowl: Boston College

Photo courtesy of Wake Forest Athletic Communications

The Wake Forest Demon Deacons defeated the Temple Owls 34-25 in last year’s Military Bowl when the Deacs played in their first bowl game since 2011.

A new algorithm to rank college football Continued from Page 11

13. USC Trojans 10-2 PAC 12 Rating: 59.86

27. San Diego State Aztecs 10-2 MWC Rating: 53.67

14. TCU Horned Frogs 10-2 Big 12 Rating: 58.45

28. Virginia Tech Hokies ACC 9-3 Rating: 53.65

15. Memphis Tigers 10-1 AAC Rating: 58.36

29. NC State Wolfpack ACC 8-4 Rating: 52.99

16. Stanford Cardinal 9-3 PAC 12 Rating: 58.04

30. Oklahoma State Cowboys Big 12 9-3 Rating: 52.98

17. Michigan State Spartans 9-3 Big 10 Rating: 57.65

31. Boston College Eagles ACC 7-5 Rating: 51.60

18. FAU Owls 9-3 C-USA Rating: 55.34

32. South Carolina Gamecocks SEC 8-4 Rating: 51.04

19. Iowa Hawkeyes 7-5 Big 10 Rating: 55.10

33. Fresno State Bulldogs MWC 9-3 Rating: 50.81

20. Boise State Broncos 9-3 MWC Rating: 55.03

34. Arizona State Sun Devils PAC 12 7-5 Rating: 50.19

21. Northwestern Wildcats 9-3 Big 10 Rating: 54.93

35. North Texas Mean Green C-USA 9-3 Rating: 49.99

8. Notre Dame Fighting Irish 9-3 Ind Rating: 63.96

22. Washington State Cougars 9-3 PAC 12 Rating: 54.82

36. Wake Forest Demon Deacons ACC 7-5 Rating: 49.96

9. Penn State Nittany Lions 10-2 Big 10 Rating: 63.87

23. Michigan Wolverines 8-4 Big 10 Rating: 54.19

37. Louisville Cardinals ACC 8-4 Rating: 49.39

10. Oklahoma Sooners 11-1 Big 12 Rating: 62.12

24. Toledo Rockets 10-2 MAC Rating: 54.64

38.Iowa State Cyclones Big 12 7-5 Rating: 49.37

11. Washington Huskies 10-2 PAC 12 Rating: 60.24

25. Miss State Bulldogs 8-4 SEC Rating: 54.19

39. Navy Midshipmen AAC 6-5 Rating: 48.69

12. Miami Hurricanes 10-1 ACC Rating: 60.00

26. LSU Tigers 9-3 SEC Rating: 53.78

40. USF Bulls AAC 9-2 Rating: 48.54

Week 14 Top 40 According to Algorithm: 1. Georgia Bulldogs 11-1 SEC Rating: 67.01 2. Wisconsin Badgers 12-0 Big 10 Rating: 66.39 3. Auburn Tigers 10-2 SEC Rating: 66.19 4. Alabama Crimson Tide 11-1 SEC Rating: 65.05 5. Ohio State Buckeyes 10-2 Big 10 Rating: 64.81 6. UCF Knights 11-0 AAC Rating: 64.64 7. Clemson Tigers 11-1 ACC Rating: 64.59

Thursday, November 30, 2017 | Page 15

Old Gold & Black | Sports

Deacs reach elite eight, seek revenge Men’s soccer looks to avenge previous defeats against Standford at home this week BY RAFAEL LIMA Staff Writer During the first minutes of the game, Wake Forest struggled to generate offense mainly due to Columbia’s option to play the Deacons with a counter-attack mentality. The Lions put all eleven players on the defensive side of the field to jam the passing lanes to try to get a steal. And it almost worked. Columbia scared Wake with a nice shot by Arthur Bosua through the right side of the box. A few minutes later, another counter-attack by Columbia led to a oneon-one situation of Bosua against the defender, but Wake Forest’s defense recovered well to make the tackle. This was the trend early, as Wake struggled to find its game against a very disciplined Lion defensive effort. Wake finally generated some pressure with an outside shot by Brandon Servania around the 14’ mark, but Dylan Castanhera made a difficult diving save. Servania’s attempt started a sequence of Wake Forest offensive plays as the Deacons started to establish rhythm offensively. However, neither team capitalized on their offensive opportunities early on. Columbia’s offensive game plan was centered around Arthur Bosua and his ability to create offensive plays. Usually, the Lions try to develop plays through the laterals and cross it to Bosua, whose size and speed posed favorable matchups against Wake’s slightly undersized defenders. Both teams exerted control for some periods of time,

but they headed to halftime at 0-0. Wake Forest started out the second half more consistent on offense. but still struggled to open up the score. At the 71’ mark, Nike Azuma found himself one-on-one with Andreu and the Columbia midfielder almost opened up the score for the lions. Wake had the ball possession advantage, but Columbia was creating dangerous offensive plays. With just under 2 minutes remaining, Deshields was fouled inside the box and the referee marked a penalty kick for Wake Forest. Jon Bakero converts the PK, and Wake Forest took the lead with 1:44 remaining in the game. Both Zach Morant and Arthur Bosua had game-tying opportunities for Columbia, but the Deacs held on to the lead and won the game by 1-0. The following week, Wake Forest faced the Butler Bulldogs started as a partial repeat of the Columbia game. At this point of the season, a slow start does not come as much of a surprise, especially given the fact that Wake Forest had the best offense in the ACC during the regular season, their only loss of the season coming against Georgia State, a team that successfully employed a counter-attack strategy. The first half of the Butler game unfolded pretty much the same way as the Columbia game. Wake Forest was a little slow to establish its fast-paced passing game on the offensive side of the ball because of an overcrowded defense by Butler. However, unlike the Columbia game, Wake Forest successfully dominated most of the ball possession which kept Butler’s offensive game in check over the first half. It was not until the fifty-first minute-mark that Wake Forest would have success offensively. After an individual play by Ema Twumasi, the first-team All-ACC midfielder assisted Brandon Servania who launched an upper-90 bomb to the back of the net, putting

Wake ahead 1-0. Then, Jon Bakero scored with 5 minutes left on the clock on a rebound by Omir Fernandez rocketing Wake Forest to a 2-0 win. Overall, these were solid wins for the Demon Deacons. At this stage of the season, it is unrealistic to expect Wake Forest to have blowout performances. The level of competition is high and every team is very aware of how Wake Forest plays. The important part right now is getting the job done, and although Wake has not been able to click offensively as they did during the regular season, they were able to get it done. Next up, Wake Forest is set to face the Stanford Cardinals. Anyone who followed college soccer over the last 2 years knows how much

the Cardinals have been the Deacs nemesis. The back-to-back champions of the College Cup have eliminated Wake Forest two years in a row. In 2015, Stanford defeated Wake during the third round of the championship with an OT score. Last year, Stanford claimed the College Cup title by defeating Wake Forest during penalty kicks. Lately, Stanford has had the Deacs number. Once again, Stanford is between Wake Forest and their dream of winning a second National title. However, this time the Deacons hope to change history playing at home. The game will be played at Spry Stadium this Saturday at 7 p.m. in what promises to be one of the best atmospheres that College soccer has ever seen. See you at the game, and go Deacs!

Photo courtesy of Wake Forest Athletic Communications

After the Demon Deacon’s win over the Butler Bulldogs, they look to take out the Stanford Cardinals in a marquee matchup at Spry Stadium.

Demon Deacons take down Fighting Illini Wake Forest secures a much-needed confidence boost in the ACC/Big Ten Challenge at home, winning 80-73 BY RYAN JOHNSTON Online Managing Editor The Wake Forest men’s basketball team captured their third win of the young season on Tuesday, Nov. 28 in an 80-73 win over Illinois at LJVM Coliseum. The matchup, part of the ACC/Big Ten Challenge, pit the two teams against each other for the first time since 2003, when the No. 1-ranked Chris Paul-led Deacons were upset by the Fighting Illini. After starting the season 0-3 with ugly losses to Georgia Southern, Liberty and Drake, Wake Forest bounced back with a much-needed win over Quinnipiac. The Deacons entered the game against the Fighting Illini riding the wave of a win over UNCG and entered halftime with a narrow 35-34 lead over Illinois, but came out firing on all cylinders in the second half, going on an 11-0 run and gaining an insurmountable lead. Wake Forest was carried by junior point guard Bryant Crawford, who dropped 20 points in a game that saw him head to the locker room during the game to tape a finger and successfully return to the court. Junior center Doral Moore also stood out, recording 12 points and playing a career-high 32 minutes in his fourth double-digit scoring output of the season. “It’s always nice to win,” said Demon Deacon Head Coach Danny Manning. “I’ll never apologize for winning. You never do that. Yes, we have to get better in different areas, but we’re no different than any other team in the country. There’s not one coach in America that’s looking at his team thinking that ‘we’re perfect. We’re a masterpiece. We got it all figured out.’ No, nobody is like that right now. Everybody is still trying to master their offensive and defensive schemes and we’re no different. Our flaws have come out earlier than some teams simply because we’ve lost games early. It’s created a little bit more of a sense of urgency for us, but we know that we have to continue to get better. We understand that.”

Betsy Mann/Old Gold & Black

Redshirt junior Keyshawn Woods hoists a shot over an Illinois player. Wake Forest will play next against Richmond at Lawrence Joel Veteran Memorial Coliseum on Dec. 2 at 4 p.m.


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O n l i n e at : w w w. w f u o g b . c o m e d i t o r : Nicholas DeMayo,, A S S T. E D I T O R : E m i l y B e a u c h a m p , b e a u e a 17 @ w f u . e d u O l i v i a F i e l d , f i e l o r 17 @ w f u . e d u


Woof Forest: The Puppy Love Craze

Although dog ownership correlates with better mental health, many underestimate the stress of taking care of a puppy BY JUSTIN MATRONE Contributing Writer The dog days are in full swing at Wake Forest, and that’s not referring to the weather. Over the past few semesters, an increasing numbers of dogs have been gracing Wake Forest’s campus. Just walking across the quad on any normal day in the middle of the week, you can spot several furry friends on a brisk walk, with tongues dangling out of their mouths, and ears flopping left and right.

Juli DeMarco/Old Gold & Black

“Having a puppy always makes you smile,” says Kalin McNeil, a senior on the football team. “Like, I don’t care how mad you are, it always makes you smile.” However, owning a dog is also a major responsibility, especially for someone taking a full-course load at a prestigious university. Some students may underestimate that responsibility before they adopt that adorable pooch on a whim. “I feel like people fail to realize the stress that comes with having a puppy,” says McNeil. “Especially when they’re really young. Like, we got Deacon (his dog) really young, and he would pee [all the time].” Many of these new dogs on campus are called emotional support animals (ESA). As part of the Americans with Disabilities Act, Wake Forest provides a request process for students to apply for an ESA.

First, the student must establish a need for an ESA by having a mental healthcare provider complete the request form. Then, the animal’s information must be documented, demonstrating that it will not pose a threat to others in the community and is properly provided for. Lastly, a review meeting with Residence Life and Housing is held to determine approval. “What we are noticing is more students requesting ESAs for a variety of reasons,” says Stephanie Carter, Director of Residence Life. “Our opinion doesn’t necessarily matter as it pertains to dogs or any other ESAs because governing policy, outside of Wake Forest and any other institutions of higher education, states that as long as need is shown, we cannot discriminate, for the most part, against animals being considered ESAs.” So, why are more dogs popping up on Wake Forest’s campus now more than ever? Opinions vary, and they aren’t all warm and cuddly. “It started to become a trend,” says Reid Jefferson, a senior from Stratford, Conn. “People here will get a dog, and then they make an Instagram account for the dog, whereas like five years ago, no one ever did that.” While some students may adopt a puppy for the image, pets really can make a difference in in the everyday person’s life. According to a 2015 Harris Stock Price poll, people who have pets tend to have lower blood pressure, heart rate, and heart disease risk, as well as better emotional well being than those who don’t. And ESAs at Wake Forest can truly benefit many students here who need that support. “I don’t think ESAs and the need for them are going away any time soon,” Carter said. “College is a high-stress environment and for some student’s ESAs are the best way to manage that and successfully matriculate to graduation. Lynsey Hill, 20, a junior from Richmond, Va., talks enthusiastically about her pup, Trevor, as he frantically marches around and in between her legs, anxiously staring down every car that passes by, guarding his master.

Bob King/Duluth News Tribune/MCT

“He’s been a great help for me and my family since we got him,” Hill said. “Trevor always puts a smile on my face. I got him because my brother died a couple years ago, and coming to college kind of exacerbated the emotions I felt, sadness and everything.” She understands that taking care of a dog is a lot of work, but Trevor has helped her tremendously and she’s looking forward to the rest of their time at Wake Forest together. “The benefit far outweighs the cost,” Hill said. “And my suitemates love him, so it’s really not hard finding someone who’s willing to pet sit.”

Michael Pearce/Wichita Eagle/MCT

Thursday, November 30, 2017 | Page 17

Movie Review | Justice League

Zack Snyder unites heroes in debut thriller SPOLIERS! Despite negative reviews, Justice League delivers on DC universe development BY EMILY BEAUCHAMP Asst. Life Editor The newest addition to the DC Franchise, Justice League, was released into theatres on Nov. 17. The movie was not well received by the critics and essentially bombed in the box office. With a whopping $300 million budget, Justice League only makes $332.3 million. With all things considered, I thought it was a fairly good movie. Justice League is not a typical superhero movie though, and viewers need to keep that in mind while watching the movie. The purpose of Justice League was not to fight a bad guy, the main plot consists of the formation of the League and the return of Superman. The battle against the primary villain Steppenwolf, the Destroyer of Worlds was more of a subplot. He is the reason that the Justice League must ban together, and he is the driving factor to resurect Superman. However, he is not the most powerful villian the heros have faced. The movie begins with Batman searching for the metahumans he discovers at the end of Batman v. Superman: Dawn

of Justice. He recuits Barry Allen, also known as the Flash almost immediatley but convincing Arthur Curry or the Aquaman, and Victor Stone or Cyborg take a little more time. After the team has assembled, they attempt to battle Steppenwolf with no avail. So they resort to ressurecting Superman. Things soon get interesting as the League struggles to save the world. Debuting only months after the very successful Wonder Woman movie, Justice League left many DC fans dissapointed. However, in my opinion it was immensely better than Batman v. Superman. The way director Zack Snyder develops the characters slightly strays from the traditional characteristics of many of the heroes. For example, Aquaman has traditionally had a strong tie to Atlantis and always put his people first. Snyder chooses to make Aquaman the comic relief in the movie. He has a very carefree nature in the movie and has to be pushed into fighting with the League by Queen Mera. I thought this was a good choice, short term. It was nice to have comic relief in the movie from Aquaman’s intersting comments, insults and confessions. However, I do not know how he will be able to take his place as king of Atlantis with the attitude he has. Historically Arthur has always put his people first, but Snyder characterizes him as being self centered and carefree.



Life | Old Gold & Black


Top Ten study tips to prepare for finals As finals are only a week and a half away, keep these tips in mind while studying 1. Take a much needed break 2. Commit to a spot in ZSR Photo Courtesy of

3. Create a study schedule

DC heros come together to save the world against the destroyer of worlds.

4. Use colorful pens and highlighters

Overall, the Justice League is better than the box office and critics make it seem. The cast works well together and the graphics and special effects are beautifully put together. The way the League comes together and the way the plot is developed is well executed. Any action movie fans will enjoy the movie.

5. Have a steady supply of coffee 6. Stop and stretch 7. Ask for help 8. Call your parents

9. Make time to eat

Wake Radio | Without Warning

10. Get a good night’s rest

Rap trifecta drops surprise holiday album

Courtesy of Olivia Field and Emily Beauchamp

Three rap stars come together to create a Halloween themed collaboration album BY CARLOS TORRES DE NAVARRA Contributing Writer This year has been huge for Metro Boomin, 21 Savage and Offset of the Migos. Metro Boomin started his own label, Boominati, early this year, and saw 10 songs he’s produced hit the Billboard Hot 100 all at once. 21 Savage dropped Issa this past summer, with the hit single “Bank Account” peaking at 12 and just recently featured on the chart topping Post Malone single, “rockstar”. And finally Offset, receiving the recognition he fully deserved for so long, after years of being overshadowed by his fellow Migos member, Quavo, and saw the album Culture go double platinum over the course of this year. To continue their respective winning streaks, the three have joined forces and delivered what is sure to be considered to be one of the better rap albums come year end, titled Without Warning. The Halloween themed Without Warning, dropped unironically without warning on the night of Halloween eve, kicks off with “Ghostface Killers.” “Ghostface Killers” features some very eery strings, a catchy hook from Offset, a solid verse from 21, and an outstanding feature from rising star Travis Scott.

The opener is followed by the impressive “Rap Saved Me.” In contrast with the opener, 21 pulls his weight on this track with some fierce vocals, later supported by both Offset and a feature from fellow Migos member, Quavo. Immediately following “Rap Saved Me” is the immensely catchy, “Ric Flair Drip.” On this track, Offset displays the ever so perfect

Photo courtesy of

Without Warning soon followed the highly acclaimed Migos album Culture.

triplet flow on a simple beat, but despite this the song seems to have caught on with the mainstream and is currently scaling the charts. Following this are the two tracks “My Choppa Hate N*****s” and “Nightmare.” Both somewhat short but dark and captivating songs, they mesh together quite well on the part of some expert mixing. Further down that tracklist is the criminally underrated “Mad Stalkers.” On this track, Metro displays what could be considered the most developed instrumental across the whole project, supported by excellent verses from both 21 and Offset. This track is followed up by the fast paced track, “Disrespectful” and the ever so eery track, “Run Up the Racks.” Both are solid additions to the trackless and certainly carry on the central theme and aesthetic of the project. The only disappointment on the album comes in at the ninth spot on the tracklist with the song “Still Serving.” “Still Serving” is just a tad too lethargic for this project, with a very slow paced instrumental on the part of Metro and a somewhat lazy verse from 21. This track won’t sit well with many. Fortunately, the album finished off on a strong note with the captivating track, “Darth Vader.” “Darth Vader” is sad in nature and is supported by an excellent verse from Offset. If you can forgive some repetitive topics and themes, most hip hop fanatics can find some gems on this album and will certainly end up on the top of numerous year end album rankings.

Drink of the Week

Frosted Gingerbread Latte

• 1 tbsp. Ghirardelli white chocolate powder

• 1.5 oz. Monin Gingerbread syrup • 2 oz. Krankies Railhead Espresso • Steamed Milk

Mix the espresso with the white chocolate powder and syrup. Pour in steamed milk for this festive pick-me-up. Courtesy of Campus Grounds

Page 18 | Thursday, November 30, 2017

Old Gold & Black | Life

Food Column | Holiday Baking

Tasty treats are easy to make at any skill level

Peanut butter blossoms, berry cobbler and apple dumplings are sweet and simple treats to make this holiday season BY KARLY BALL Staff Writer The holiday season is the perfect time to test out your baking skills on some homemade treats. One of the best parts about basic baking is the specific instruction that allows anyone to produce a delicious product, no matter the level of cooking skill. Every family has their own handed out recipes, but below I’ve included some of the one’s from my own grandmother’s cookbook. If you want to try your hand at baking for friends or family this holiday season, these are some simple, tasty recipes to get you started. Peanut Butter Blossoms (makes 48 small cookies) Ingredients: 48 Hershey Kisses ½ cup shortening ¾ cup of peanut butter 1/3 cup granulated sugar 1/3 cup of packed brown sugar 1 egg 2 tablespoons of milk 1 teaspoon of vanilla 1 ½ of all-purpose flour 1 teaspoon of baking soda ½ teaspoon of salt Extra granulated sugar as needed for rolling. Directions: Preheat oven to 375 degrees. Remove wrap-

Francine Orr/Los Angeles Times/MCT

To make a more festive berry cobbler, try adding winter fruits like cranberrries and orange zest to the filling. Or, make an apple and pear cobbler for a warm dessert that pairs great with ice cream. pers from chocolates. Beat shortening, peanut butter and sugar in large bowl until well blended. Add granulated and brown sugar, beat until fluffy. Add milk, vanilla and egg. Stir in baking soda, flour and salt. Once mixture is blended, shape into one inch balls and roll in granulated sugar. Bake 8-10 minutes until lightly browned. Immediately press Hershey kisses onto cookies. Allow to cool on a wire rack. Berry Cobbler Ingredients: 1 ½ cups of self-rising flour 1 ½ cups of sugar 1 stick of butter (melted) 2 to 3 cups of choice berries or peaches.

Directions: Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Let butter melt in 9x13 inch pan. Mix flour, sugar and milk together to form batter. Place batter on top of butter and cover top with berries or peaches. Bake 40 to 50 minutes, or until cobbler is brown on top. Apple Dumplings (8) Ingredients: 1 can crescent rolls (8) 3 apples peeled 1 can of lemon-lime soda Directions: Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Roll out dough. Place 1/3 of apples on each roll. Roll up into dumpling. Place in casserole dish. Pour soda around edges. Bake for 45 minutes.

Album Review | Sufjan Stevens

Indie darling Sufjan Stevens release new mixtape

Following his latest album Carrie and Lowell, the folk music sensation releases a mixtape full of outtakes, remixes and demos BY WILL MAY Contributing Writer

The music itself on The Greatest Gift consists primarily of a familiar stripped down indie folk sound, which is best embodied by the outtake tracks. The song “Wallowa Lake Monster” stands out as a potent amalgam of biblical references and references to Sufjan’s own childhood and upbringing in Oregon; an outtake that would sound quite at home on Carrie and Lowell. The remixes combine this folk sound with a minimalistic electronic twist, creating an exceptionally ethereal auditory experience; this is best exemplified by the song “Exploding Whale-Doveman Remix.” The demos are the simplest tracks of all, consisting primarily of recordings from Stevens’ iPhone; the track “Carrie & Lowell-iPhone Demo” in particular highlights the singer’s bare-bones musicianship.

Sufjan Stevens’ mixtape would probably best be enjoyed by fans of folk artists like Bon Iver or Father John Misty. Despite the slight variation in production quality between its tracks, it manages to retain a general homogeneity in its tone. While this quality can often times evoke feelings of deepest melancholy, the gorgeous melodies and otherworldly harmonies also manage to conjure feelings of optimism in the listener, which is a common quality in Stevens’ works. The Greatest Gift is perfect for studying, road trips or perhaps just quiet reflection and contemplation. Regardless of how they enjoy it, indie music fans will probably find the timing of its release fitting, as Sufjan’s ghostly tones perfectly evoke the image of impending frost.

As the final leaves of autumn fall, many Deacs may be dismayed at finding themselves without the appropriate soundtrack to accompany this transition to frigid winter. Never fear friends, for everyone’s favorite soft-spoken banjo-toting indie poster boy has our back. Last Friday, Sufjan Stevens, indie darling and folk music sensation, put out his latest release: The Greatest Gift Mixtape — Outtakes, Remixes, & Demos from Carrie & Lowell. As the subtitle describes, this “album” is actually a mixtape, a companion piece to his acclaimed 2011 release, Carrie and Lowell. But don’t be fooled by its appearance of being cobbled together; for this compilation sounds nearly as cohesive as any of Stevens’ work. For those unaware, Sufjan Stevens is an American singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist, producer, composer, Midwesterner and generally a staple of the indie scene since the early 2000s. He is perhaps best-known for his 2005 concept album Illinois, a masterwork devoted to celebrating the history and people of the titular state. He has performed for late-night talk shows like Fallon and Colbert, as well as in numerous high-profile music festivals, including Coachella and Pitchfork. His music covers multiple styles and genres, from the Katie Falkenberg/Los Angeles Times/TNS electronic to the symphonic; however, it is always recognizable, in part due to his distinguishably intimate Stevens is known for his his banjo-playing and intimate voice, which he puts to effect in his shows and his new mixtape The Greatest Gift Mixtape — Outtakes, Remixes, & Demos from Carrie & Lowell. and delicate voice.

Life | Old Gold & Black

Thursday, November 30, 2017 | Page 19

A Blooming Paradise Just Across the Road Campus Garden grows community, as well as vegetables, with the help of dedicated students and staff BY DAVID AJAMY Opinion Editor While not every student has a green thumb, any student can grow one with Campus Garden. Campus Garden allows students to see the growing process first hand, see the beauty of farming and the blossoming of community. “I love the garden because it allows me to abandon the role of a consumer, become a producer and, it gives me more autonomy with my food choices,” said junior Cameron Waters, who is one of the Campus Garden interns. “There is a lot of merit in having this physical relationship with the earth I work with, and it gives me more appreciation for the food I have when I witness firsthand everything that goes into the growing process.” Campus Garden is a student run-organization that is run through the Office of Sustainability and is located just across the soccer field on Polo Road. The garden wouldn’t exist without the volunteers and their hard work. But it also needs the support it gets from the Office of Sustainability. The mission of the Office of Sustainability is as follows, “To encourage and facilitate the collaborative efforts of faculty, students and staff to generate knowledge, acquire skills, develop values and initiate practices that contribute to a sustainable, high quality of life on campus, in the Triad and across the globe.” In most ways, Campus Garden accomplishes what the Office strives to do. At around 3:30 p.m. on Sundays, you can see a handful of students crossing Polo Road for the garden, ready to get dirty and taste produce straight from the ground. Until 5 p.m., the volunteers will listen to Waters as she explains what’s needed to be done in the garden, and there is always work to be done. Most of the produce grown at the garden is donated to

Michael Chritton/Akron Beacon Journal/MCT

David Ajamy/Old Gold & Black

Campus Kitchen, another student run group that is working to bring fresh produce and meals to food deserts within Winston-Salem. But it’s not a one-way street between the organizations. Campus Kitchen brings compostable food items to the garden and picks up the bountiful produce every other day. But first, volunteers are welcome to take some of the produce and try it out, as well. From the green collards to the plump purple eggplant, there is much to go around. Brad Shugoll (’13) is the current director of Campus Kitchen and assistant director of Public Engagement at the Pro Humanitate Institute. He praised the garden, both as a student and an administrator. “The garden is an important testing ground and community partner that allows our campus community to engage in and learn about sustainable gardening,” Shugoll said. The garden is trying to evolve for both a changing campus and world. The Office of Sustainability and its garden interns are trying to create a clearer picture of food production and provide an experience that shows how to be more connected with the land that produces the food the world needs.

The garden has introduced new initiatives with bringing in multiple bee hives and a small chicken coop. Currently, three chickens reside at the garden: Ruby, Amelia and Freckles. As one walks around the garden, the more extroverted of the chickens, Ruby, will watch from her coop and casually lay an egg that volunteers are welcome to take. These projects are important parts in how the garden works to be both more sustainable and expand to shape the changing world. The garden emulates a future of urban farming that Shugoll sees as a growing field in the modern world of agriculture. While the garden can have implications for the future of urban farming, it is also a relaxing escape from the busy world of Wake Forest. Waters values the escape that the garden offers for students while just being across the street from campus. With the hard work, community forms on the small garden just across Polo Road. “I think the garden is one of the most special places on campus because it thrives off of community effort and cultivation,” Waters said.

Peter Haley/Tacoma News Tribune/TNS

Page 20 | Thursday, November 30, 2017

Old Gold & Black | Life


As fall turns into winter, students are both dusting off their coats and taking advantage of the last days of warmer weather. During this transition period, layered sweaters, vests and comfortable cardigans can easily be spotted in the crowds. BY OLIVIA FIELD Assistant Life Editor

Ella Andrew, senior

As fall transitions into winter, Wagner takes advantage of the sunny weather and wears a red, floral sundress. With a cozy jean jacket and black combat boots to stay warm, her outfit is functional for all hours of the day.

Olivia Field/Old Gold & Black

Andrew’s outfit is the perfect example of how to master layering during the winter. Sporting a striped turtleneck with a sweater and vest on top, she can easily remove a piece of her outfit as the day gets warmer.

Regan Wagner, senior

Brianna Jenkins, sophomore Jenkins transforms the average longsleeve and ripped jeans outfit with a printed poncho-style cardigan. Paired with a set of black booties, her outfit is both perfect for attending class or heading off campus on the weekend.

Gabriel Mansour, freshman While repping Wake Forest gear, Mansour stays warm with a green and white Patagonia vest. Coupled with a pair of brown pants and sneakers, his casual outfit is ideal for the start of the winter season.

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11/30 issue  

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