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Special Reports: Comparing Title IX and the courts Page 7

Opinion: Biden administration lacks accountability Page 8

Sports: Wake Forest football beats Life: The beauty of the YouNorfolk State Tube video essay Page 10 Page 15

Old Gold&Black

WAKE FOREST’S STUDENT NEWSPAPER SINCE 1916 VOL. 108, NO. 5

T H U R S DAY, S E P T E M B E R 16 , 2 0 21 “Cover s the campus like the magnolias”

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Malcolm Gladwell speaks at WFU Gladwell shared his advice on sustainability, citizenship and life at two moderated events BY CAROLINE WALKER Staff Writer walkct18@wfu.edu To kick off the Face-to-Face series, renowned journalist, podcaster and New York Times-bestselling author Malcolm Gladwell brought progressive ideas about reconceptualizing the world and higher education, along with much-needed humor and humility, to reengage the Wake Forest and Winston-Salem community after a long year of Zoom. The keynote address drew a sizeable crowd to a moderated conversation with Wake Forest Vice President for University Advancement Mark Petersen on Tuesday, Sept. 14. in the LJVM Coliseum. Before the keynote event, Gladwell also answered questions during a special student-only event in Wait Chapel. The conversation was moderated by two undergraduate Leadership and Character scholars, sophomores Rute Ayalew and Sofia Ramirez Pedroza. Katie Fox/ Old Gold & Black

After a long, intensive hiring process, the University Counseling Center has brought on four new general therapists to better meet the demands of Wake Forest students.

UCC hires new therapists for the Fall 2021 semester The University Counseling Center has hired four new counselors who will begin this semester BY CHASE BAGNALL-KOGER Contributing Writer bagncm21@wfu.edu After a months-long hiring process, Wake Forest University's Counseling Center (UCC) has added four counselors to its staff to assist with the anticipated high demand for counseling this fall. One of the new faculty members at the UCC began work in August, two will begin in September and the final counselor will begin in October. The UCC will then have two remaining positions to fill, though this will not necessarily occur during the Fall 2021 semester.

“We want to fill the positions as quickly as we can, but it is also important to us that we also continue to make good choices for our community,” UCC Director Warrenetta Mann said. “That may mean waiting on the right candidate.” Since taking over as director, Mann has played a prominent role in the Center’s hiring process. She noted that one factor contributing to the need for new UCC faculty is the impact the COVID-19 pandemic has had on therapists’ ability to engage with their patients. While therapists normally sustain their work-life balance by trying to “remain as mentally and emotionally healthy as possible,” Mann explained. "The pandemic has created personal challenges for mental health professionals that make focusing on and helping to solve the problems of others more difficult.

See Gladwell, Page 5

COVID-19 cases rise above 100 One percent of vaccinated students and eight percent of nonvaccinated students have contracted COVID-19 BY AINE PIERRE News Editor pierav20@wfu.edu

“Many [therapists] have had to step away or shift the focus of their work to remain resilient,” Mann said. The UCC publicly advertised the open positions in April 2021 to begin the process of finding therapists who wanted to work with college students and, if necessary, were willing to move to WinstonSalem from afar. It has also publicly committed to an intersectional approach to counseling that focuses on the needs of students in marginalized communities. “Our commitment to social justice, anti-racism and dismantling oppressive systems compels us to center the needs of students with marginalized identities, as they are likely to be suffering the most significant impact of the pandemic with the least access to resources,” the UCC website says.

Wake Forest recorded its 100th COVID-19 case of the Fall 2021 semester (measured from Aug. 1). However, university officials are heartened by the lack of a spike in cases and the relatively low number of active cases day-to-day, according to Vice President for Campus Life Penny Rue.. According to the Wake Forest COVID-19 dashboard, as of Sept. 15, there are only 20 active cases on campus. “Last February, it went from five to eight to 20 to 80 cases in four days," Rue said. "[The fact] that we haven't seen anything anywhere that, which is incredibly reassuring." Rue explained that university officials were watching out for a potential spike after the first home football game of the semester on Sept. 3.

See UCC, Page 4

See COVID-19, Page 6


Old Gold & Black

“ sight of the Forest Don't lose This column represents the views of the Old Gold & Black Editorial Board.

It is indisputable that life moves fast at Wake Forest. The days here are long, yes, but the weeks fly by. It feels as though we arrived on campus yesterday — eagerly moving into new dorm rooms and re-hanging old posters. Yet, we are already a quarter of the way through the semester. For some, this pace might be cause for celebration — only 20 more philosophy lectures to go. For others, the speed of the semester might be troubling — a wake up call to stop eating Chick-fil-A twice a day and start conserving those Old Golds. Whether you’re a senior navigat-

... we here at the Old Gold & Black have found ourselves caught in a vicious cycle and losing sight of the bigger picture." ing the last year of college before the “real world” or a freshman still figuring out how to navigate the Pit without being growled at by an upperclassman, cheer up! Only a few more weeks of figuring it out until you go home for Winter Break, only to come back and have to figure it out all over again in the spring! Our point is, if you were blissfully unaware of the fact that

we’ve already been on campus for a month, who could blame you? Throughout the early goings of this semester, it often felt as if every day brought about a new headline, each heavier and more impactful than the last. With meaningful and far-reaching events occurring practically every day, we here at the Old Gold & Black have found ourselves caught in a vicious cycle and losing sight of the bigger picture. And yes, there is a bigger picture. In the big picture, there are students tossing a frisbee on the quad, friends strolling through the tree-lined path on their way

to Reynolda village, teachers and students chatting over a cup of coffee outside of Camino. Being an active and participatory member on and of our Wake Forest community is important, but so too is making the time to be with the people you care about and doing those things which bring you joy. So, let it be known that the serendipitous moments of running into your freshman roommate at a football game are far more valuable than that extra hour spent studying in ZSR. The trees on our campus are beautiful, but don’t lose sight of the Forest.

Old Gold&Black THE STUDENT NEWSPAPER OF WAKE FOREST UNIVERSIT Y SINCE 1916 ALEXANDRA KARLINCHAK EDITOR-IN-CHIEF karlae18@wfu.edu

BEN CONROY

PRINT MANAGING EDITOR conrbd19@wfu.edu

>> NEWS

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Connor Mcneely, mcnecb19@wfu.edu

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>> LIFE

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The Old Gold & Black is published Thursdays during the school year, except during examinations, summer and holiday periods, by Triangle Printing of Durham. © 2014 WFU Media Board. All rights reserved. The views expressed in all editorials and advertisements contained within this publication do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the OGB. As part of our commitment to reporting news fairly and accurately, we will not remove any previously published content. If an error in either our online or print content is brought to our attention, we will revise the originally published article with an appended correction. In order to facilitate thoughtful and appropriate debate, profane, vulgar, or inflammatory comments on our website are not allowed and will be deleted. For more information on our commenting policy, please see our website. We reserve the right to reject advertisements deemed inappropriate. Our full policy, and how to advertise with the OGB, can be found on our website.

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News | Old Gold & Black

Thursday, September 16, 2021 | Page 3

Deacon Profile: Austin Torain

make a lot of playlists, it's kind of like my therapy.

BY COOPER SULLIVAN Asst. News Editor sullcg20@wfu.edu

What's your favorite type of music now?

Austin Torain — widely recognized as Wake Forest’s “speaker kid” — is a sophomore from Roxboro, N.C. He intends to major in psychology and minor in neuroscience. He is a member of the Spirit of the Old Gold and Black, Wake Forest Marching Band and Momentum and works at the Waker Space. He is also a resident adviser in South. When I walked up to interview him, I heard Kendrick Lamar's voice streaming out of his backpack before I saw Austin himself.

Over the summer, I got into an alternative-pop mood, or what you might call neo-soul. Music with a lot of trumpets — I'm really into the brass sound right now, so I've been listening to a lot of Kyle Thornton and the Company. I really like Brasstracks, too. I was listening to a lot of them, because something about this trumpet sound has been intriguing me lately. I also really like “Certified Lover Boy”, and “Donda” was pretty good too. I guess I'm more of a Drake fan, so I'm just not going to say a whole lot on that because I'm biased, but I really like “Certified Lover Boy.”

Has music always been a part of your life? Yeah, my parents were super musically oriented when I was growing up. My dad was in the gospel choir at our church. My mom used to play clarinet, so she played for us sometimes. And then my sister got into music, so I thought, “oh, well now I have to get into music.” It was always kind of built into me and it's just kind of always been around me. Now I’m in the marching band, and I play baritone. It's basically like a trumpet but it's fatter, so it's a horn, a brass instrument. I also play a little bit of trombone.

Is there anything you won't play?

How did your person come about? From where did you get the confidence to walk around campus playing music? Personally, when I walk around campus, I don't want anybody looking at me. I actually went to a boarding/residential high school. It was basically a college campus but really small — there were 500 to 600 of us. I started doing it then, just walking from class to class, playing music in the hallways — and it went over really well. I got a lot of positive comments, people were smiling, dancing, and some of my teachers would even let me play music during class when we were doing something monotonous. Since it went over really well, I thought, “you know what, why stop?” So I did it last year during COVID-19 — which was a weird time to be alive in general — but it went over pretty well. All the workers at the Pit and Benson really liked it. So I said, “I'll just keep doing it.” This year, it's definitely a different vibe. Especially with YikYak, it's been interesting. How do you feel about people mentioning you on the app? I'm moderately okay with it. Most of the comments are just, “oh I spotted him" but some of them are super weird. I don't

Photo courtesy of Austin Torain

know. Someone said something the other day about — I don't even remember it — it was something really weird like them wishing they could hit me with a car or something. All I’m trying to do is walk around and get some smiles and some high fives, but people are out here making it kind of awkward. But, as I was telling somebody recently, I'm not super bothered by negative feedback. When people say things like “somebody get speaker kid some headphones,” those kinds of comments just make me want to do it more. You know what? I'm just going to play it louder when I walk places, because who’s going to stop me? Nobody. I do it because I like seeing people smile and I think it's a good time.

I feel like a lot of us came to Wake Forest because we liked the community here. So I just want to make the community better. I've never heard any repeats, how long are your playlists? My Community Director asked about this because he asked me to make a playlist for move-in, and at that point, I already had a 10-hour long playlist. So I tweaked it a little bit and took out some not-soclean songs. On my Spotify, I have 700 liked songs. So, most days, I'll just circle through the songs that I am feeling in the mood to hear or that I think others would like. But I have 20-something playlists. I

Not really. I don't play a lot of country, but that's just because I don't know a lot of country. I didn't grow up on it, so I don't know what country songs are hip right now or what country songs are good. I do play some Luke Combs sometimes. I also really like K-pop. I feel like people hate on KPop, but I'm here for K-pop. I'm also here for EDM, like rave music. As a dancer, I like to jump around, I like to move. So, there's not a whole lot that I won't play. Some songs I'm less comfortable playing just because I generally want adults not to absolutely hate me when I walk around. Depending on where I am I definitely tend to play what I think people are going to be excited to listen to. If I'm in the pit, I'm not really going to play a lot, because the pit workers probably wouldn’t get down to that. Usually when I'm in the pit I play a lot of Michael Jackson, a lot of 80s funk and a lot of soul because the workers seem to respond really well to that. And then, when I'm walking around campus, I often play a lot of rap music because a lot of people like rap, and I like rap a lot. Do you want to plug anything? I want to plug my Instagram, @ speakerkidwfu. Follow me on Instagram, I'm trying to make it big. I also have a gig of sorts this Friday in the Pit from 11:30 a.m. to about 2:30 p.m. I'm just going to be setting up at a table, just like a DJ, playing some music. I guess someone finally said, “you know what, this kid isn't going to stop, so give him a gig. Give him a [expletive] gig." Editor's Note: This interview was edited for clarity and brevity.

POLICE BEAT Underage Consumption/Alcohol/Drug Incidents • A student was found drunkenly wandering around the parking lot at the First Assembly Church. EMS was requested, then LifeStar was called to the scene and finally cleared the student to return to their residence hall. The report was filed at 2:29 a.m. on Sept. 10. • An underaged student was found unconscious in Lot W1 by ERTs after having consumed alcohol. The report was filed at 3:34 a.m. on Sept. 10. • A drunk student was found sleeping on the shoulder of University Pkwy by an off-duty WSPD officer. The report was filed at 3:57 a.m. on Sept. 10 • An underaged student, after consuming alcohol, urinated in public on Polo Rd. The report was filed at 5:35 p.m. on Sept. 11. • A student was found unconscious in the Taylor courtyard. A state citation was issued. The report was filed at 6:15 p.m. on Sept. 11.

Miscellaneous • An unknown subject stole gas from a car in the Bus Lot on Long Dr. The report was filed at 8:28 a.m. on Sept. 7. • An unknown subject wrote graffiti on a building in Reynolda Village. The report was filed at 9:55 a.m. on Sept. 7. •An RA reported a noise complaint in response to music from the Theta Chi lounge in Davis. University police spoke with two brothers of Theta Chi and told them to turn their music down. The report was filed at 11:19 p.m. on Sept. 7. • An unknown subject removed an electric scooter from the patio area of Farrell Hall. The report was filed at 11:13 a.m. on Sept. 8 • A student had their mask pulled down by an unknown person at Subway in Davis. The suspect left the area and could not be identified. The report was filed at 2:54 a.m. on Sept. 11.


Page 4 | Thursday, September 16, 2021

Old Gold & Black| News

UCC: Counseling Center makes additions Continued from Page 1

“Our commitment to social justice, anti-racism and dismantling oppressive systems compels us to center the needs of students with marginalized identities, as they are likely to be suffering the most significant impact of the pandemic with the least access to resources,” the UCC website reads.

In pursuit of this vision, the UCC searched for candidates that were clinically competent, had the appropriate licensure/credentials and enjoyed working with college-aged clients who make up a diverse student body. After receiving responses to the initial job posting, the UCC hiring team reviewed all of the applications and chose the best ones to partici-

pate in a round of interviews. After both a phone and Zoom interview, the remaining candidates came to campus to meet members of the Wake Forest community. Throughout this competitive hiring process, what set the candidates that were ultimately hired apart was their ability to envision how they and their clinical styles would fit into the UCC.

Once everyone involved in the hiring process had deliberated, the top candidates were offered positions — most of the filled positions have been for the job of general therapist. “There is no doubt that new staff will change things,” Mann said. “[There will be] new talent, new expertise, new energy and new opportunities for helping students succeed.”

OLAS celebrates Latinx Heritage Month Now able to hold more events in person, OLAS looks forward to a full month of programming BY SOPHIE GUYMON Staff Writer guymsm20@wfu.edu

Every year, the Organization of Latin American Students (OLAS) at Wake Forest plans special events and activities to involve the university community in the celebration of Latinx Heritage Month. This Latinx Heritage Month, OLAS will go back to more in-person events due to the high vaccination rate on campus. Latinx Heritage Month is a monthlong celebration in the United States honoring the histories, cultures and contributions of people from all Latinx countries. It begins on Sept. 15, the anniversary of independence for Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on Sept. 16 and 18, respectively. OLAS kicked off Latinx Heritage Month with a Global Food Tabling at the Pit on Sept. 15, serving arepas — flat, round cornmeal cakes — and trés leches cake to students who stopped by. Next Thursday, Sept. 23, OLAS will be serving churros and horchata — a Mexican rice drink — on Davis Field. Their next event is a Karaoke Night at Zick’s on Sept. 28, which will be followed by a formal on Oct. 1 at Martin Hall. Concluding the month is a festival on Manchester Plaza held on Oct. 13. “[These] events allow for us, as a Hispanic community, to remember where we came from and share that with others who chose to engage,” junior and OLAS President Estefania Narvaez said. “As a Wake Forest community we will have the opportunity to learn [about], enjoy and commemorate Hispanic heritage,” Narvaez continued. Throughout the month, the Spanish & Latin American and Latino Studies departments are putting on a film series in the Z. Smith Reynolds Library called Cine Com Amig@s, featuring four recent documentaries. The series is co-sponsored by

the communication and sociology departments. In order to attend, students must sign up through a Google Form. The four films showcased in the series are “Cumbia Que te Vas de Ronda”, “Los Lobos”, “La Cordillera de los Sueños” and “¡Fiesta! Quinceañera”. Each screening will be preceded by an introductory presentation from faculty members with relevant expertise. After the conclusion of each film, faculty will facilitate intercultural dialogue.

“This series, like [our] other events, [is] meant to celebrate and honor our heritage by telling its story,” Narvaez said. OLAS’s mission is to instill a sense of community and belonging into their members, creating a home away from home where students can bond over similar traditions and learn about new ones. The organization hopes to expand the scope of its service efforts towards the local Latinx community, as well as to foster community in other capacities.

“We believe that Latinx Heritage Month can sometimes be overlooked by the institution, so we are constantly working towards expanding our presence on campus,” Narvaez said. “However, we feel optimistic about the excitement we have seen [from] both Latinx and non-Latinx students at Wake Forest, as well as the support we have received from several faculty members. We’re enthusiastic about the events we have planned and excited to share our culture with the campus.”

Katie Fox/ Old Gold & Black

The Organization of Latin Students and other organizations on campus has a long lineup of events to celebrate Latinx Heritage Month, which spans from Sept. to Oct. 15.


News | Old Gold & Black

Thursday, September 16, 2021 | Page 5

Gladwell: Face-to-Face kicks off Fall 2021 Continued from Page 1

In typical Gladwell fashion, both of these moderated conversations quickly developed into a series of tangents, which included insightful pieces of knowledge regarding detergents that can be used in cold water practice that can decrease our environmental impacts to the benefits of using dogs that can detect COVID-19 in order to improve public health. Gladwell’s jovial personality throughout the event and his breadth of knowledge illustrated his maxim: “If you are someone who enjoys work, all good things flow from that.” While passionately discussing these topics Gladwell quickly established himself as jack-ofall-trades. He is — at heart — a journalist. As such, shows a bona fide interest in investigating and learning about a myriad of topics, which is rare in a world with professions that incentivize pursuing narrow paths of specialization. “Journalism is about showing that this thing that you thought wasn’t interesting is actually interesting,” Gladwell said. Gladwell took his investigation one step fur-

ther by inviting others to consider innovative ideas based on his research about society and to reconsider what they thought they already knew. Senior and President’s Aide Lauren DeMarco, a huge fan of Gladwell’s work, found his remarks were thought-provoking. “He is so brilliant and articulate and investigates commonly-held practices and standards in such an innovative way,” DeMarco said. “He posed some really challenging suggestions and ideas about forgiveness and learning that made me reflect on how I carry out these principles in my own life.” In considering to answer what is being asked of universities today, Gladwell responded that many of questions are being asked are not the ones that really matter. He questioned their focus on traditional college aspects of football and brand value, and instead, asked universities to prioritize the goal to “produce good citizens.” Regarding the intermediary steps involved in this process of creating better humans, Gladwell also shared a few tips based on his experience running the gamut via an examination of diversity in the Air Force and hiring practices, to his

personal interest as a runner in the decathlon. “We want people to be well rounded,” Gladwell said as he encouraged people to train and to hire a more diverse set of individuals who are proficient at a wide variety of tasks. According to Gladwell, the focus should be less on the individual, whether that be a person or a narrow event, and more on teamwork and how members of a team can excel in different assignments or perform well in many different situations. He also spoke to the collaborative nature of inperson meetings and the free-flowing exchange of ideas between people. In a liberal arts institution like Wake Forest, he emphasized the opportunity for growth as students meet people who are different from one another. “Willingness to accept difference is something I grew up with,” Gladwell — who was born from a Black mother and a white father in Canada (a nation he calls “effortlessly diverse”) — said. He encouraged students to embrace the interactions they have during college and to be more open-minded by engaging with different

perspectives and ideas. He emphasized the importance of grace in these conversations too. In doing so, he built on the arguments he makes in his book “Talking to Strangers”, which covers the art of forgiveness. “We need to be more forgiving and extend more grace to people,” Gladwell said. The lessons he offered for striking conversations appear timely as Wake Forest begins to rebuild community through more in-person events like the Face-to-Face speaker forum after many virtual meetings during the COVID-19 pandemic. “I was encouraged and inspired by how Gladwell valued finding happiness in everyday life as well as forgiving those around us, and how these things are contagious to those around us,” sophomore Andrew Villiger, who attended the event, said. As students again expand out their social networks and form meaningful connections with those around them, Gladwell’s tangents provide a model for scholarly, social and personal exploration, and as well as general growth throughout college and life at large.

Wake Forest, W-S State honor 9/11 victims Cadets, students and staff from the two universities climbed almost 3,000 steps atTruist Field BY HANNAH ABERNETHY Staff Writer aberhe18@wfu.edu At Truist Field while the sky was still dark, hundreds of participants from both Wake Forest and Winston-Salem State University began to climb 2,997 steps — the number of lives lost in the terrorist attacks 20 years ago on Sept. 11, 2001. According to Lt. Col. Larry Rubal, who teaches military science at both universities, the turnout at this year’s climb was higher than it had ever been. “To see Directors Currie and Thomas on that field with entire athletic teams, students, faculty, cheerleaders, in concert with local first responders, running groups, veterans, and citizens at 6 a.m. on a Saturday was moving,” Rubal said. “That event was not only an incredible remembrance of those lost but an incredible display of the strength and compassion of our Winston-Salem community.” As participants ran, the names of those who were killed were displayed on the scoreboard, and many patriotic songs played in the background. “The song that I enjoyed the most was ‘Where Were You When the World Stopped Turning’ by Alan Jackson,” said senior Sam Hanson, an ROTC cadet who instructed the climbers Saturday morning. “Hearing it at a

9/11 remembrance event sent shivers up my spine. The thing I like most about this song is that it talks not only about those who were in New York, but also those who were all around the country, and what they might have been thinking or feeling as they watched those towers collapse.” Hanson said that being able to help coordinate the event made him proud, especially during these politically polarized times. “Regardless of our political leanings, the changing political climate, and our differing views, we can still run up those stairs to remember those who lost their lives 20 years ago,” Hanson said. “We as Americans should never forget what happened that day, and it was my honor to aid in that remembrance.” For Hanson, waking up early to climb steps was not an issue. “I think it’s a small price to pay to remember those who lost their lives,” he said. “As an ROTC cadet, I am used to getting up at all hours of the morning, but I was more than happy to wake up early to participate in this event, and I was glad to see that hundreds of others shared that sentiment.” Student Body President Ally Swartzberg, who is from Northern New Jersey, felt similarly. “As we think about the first responders, I am always deeply challenged by the thought of looking at the towers as they fell, seeing people jumping to avoid the collapse and the flames, and choosing to run in with the goal of saving others and the knowledge that you would probably never make it back out,” Swartzberg said. She continued: “My representation of our community feels minuscule when you think

about that level of service to your community and there was nowhere else I’d rather have been at 6 a.m. on this past Saturday, and I was thankful to the No Fear Battalion for creating this very intentional space.” Rubal was delighted that the event was able to be held on Saturday despite both universities hosting football games later that afternoon. “We were a little hesitant to conduct the climb on Saturday at 6 a.m. before football games for each university,” Rubal said. “We asked to keep it on the Sept. 11 given the

significance of remembering the actual day 20 years later, and both universities supported that knowing it would [be over] just hours before two football games, one at Truist Field.” Rubal believes that as the years press on, the climb becomes more significant. “Our responsibility shifts to share that memory with a younger generation who weren’t there to see it for themselves,“ he said. “Our stories become that much more important to keep the promise we made 20 years ago, that we would never forget.”

Courtesy of Wake Forest University

Wake Forest and Winston-Salem State University students joined first responders from Forsyth County at Truist Field on Saturday.

CORRECTIONS FROM LAST ISSUE Page 1 • In the photo caption on the front page and throughout the article that accompanies the photo, Dr. Corey Walker’s name was misspelled without an “e”. Page 5 • The Safer Sex Express is not coordinating menstrual product deliveries, the Women’s Center is, and initiatives for menstrual product distribution and sex education are on pause.

Page 6 •

Photos of the previous week’s Page 6 article, the Timothy S. Lam Anthropology Museum were printed instead of photos related to last week’s article about Wake Forest’s response to the 9/11 attacks.


Old Gold & Black | News

Page 6 | Thursday, September 16, 2021

Covid-19: Total Cases Rise Past 100 Continued from Page 1 “I was expecting to see a spike after the first football game,” Rue said. “So many people in close proximity en masse. And we did not, and I think that’s due to vaccination levels. I think that’s really telling for us about how protective the vaccine is.” Wake Forest’s student population is now near a 96% full vaccination rate, according to Rue, well above the 48% rate for the state of North Carolina and the 54% rate in Forsyth County. The vaccine appears to be working well on campus. According to Student Health Service Director Dr. Cecil Price, 56 of 83 documented cases have appeared in vaccinated students and 17 in nonvaccinated students. However,

due to the high volume of vaccinated students, that works out to one percent of students who are vaccinated reporting positive COVID-19 tests and almost eight percent of unvaccinated students. Some of these students are also currently waiting to get their second shots of either the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine. “We had about 200 students that were unvaccinated that had not hit their deadline,” Rue said. “These are students that were not able to get a vaccine before the start of school for a host of reasons. And while that number is down to zero, we still have some under-vaccinated students.” Rue encourages students who believe they have COVID-19 to get tested on

campus. Rue said that getting tested on campus is the best way to ensure university officials have the information they need to protect the student body from the virus. However, according to Student Health, PCR tests are a $50 charge for students who do not get their insurance through Wake Forest, though those students can file a claim with their own insurance provider. The university has also changed its isolation policies this semester. Those who are exposed but vaccinated now do not need to quarantine; those who have not gotten vaccinated do. This is the case for everyone in the university community. Also, students who live on-campus are now being sent to Deacon Station instead of quarantine hotels.

“It’s relatively easy to service those folks in isolation, but they’re a little more on their own in the apartmentstyle situation,” Rue said. “But, the apartment-style situation is also more comfortable and more welcoming.” The university does have a contingency plan in case there is a spike, which is mostly modeled on the “Dark Orange” restrictions of last spring. The university has also not yet made a decision about requiring booster shots. According to Rue, Wake Forest will follow public policy guidelines when they are made available. “The big debate is: Is it better to get more people vaccinated or get people boosted?” Rue said of the public policy discussion.

If You’re Reading This launches WFU chapter The initiative features letters written by those who have struggled with mental illness BY BEN CONROY Print Managing Editor conrbd19@wfu.edu If You’re Reading This, a letter writing program meant to connect individuals struggling with mental health issues, has made its way to Wake Forest as of Sept. 1. The program involves the publication of letters penned by students who have dealt with mental health issues on the If You’re Reading This website for the benefit of students dealing with similar problems. Each letter begins with the phrase “If you’re reading this,” and details the author’s experiences dealing with personal battles. The organization began at the University of Virginia and has since reached many other college campuses. Sophomore Kendall Woodall spearheaded the process of bringing the program to Wake Forest, and noted how important it is for students to have an outlet to speak on their experiences and relate to others who might be going through similar thing. “It’s kind of reducing the stigma of mental health by saying, ‘hey, this is me, I’m showing the world that I went through something, it’s okay to go through something,’” Woodall said. Woodall recalled her own struggles acclimating to college life as a freshman and discussed how important it is for students to understand they aren’t alone. “It would have been nice to read letters written by students saying, ‘It’s tough, I know, but I got through it,” Woodall said. “That’s why I wanted to bring it to Wake Forest.” One of the unique aspects of If You’re Reading This is that it’s run by college students, for college students. This peer-to-peer outreach system is very valuable, especially amidst the turmoil that has defined the first few

weeks of the fall semester, per Woodall. “I think that it’s an important thing to have a student-run mental health stepping stone,” Woodall said. “I think there’s been a lot of stress with during the first couple of weeks given everything going on. It’s nice to have something that’s not specifically affiliated with the school.” Any mental health assistance the If You’re Reading This project can provide would be regarded as a massive victory. Woodall continued: “I hope that even if one person reads a letter that someone else wrote, and it makes them not do something dangerous, or it makes them want to help them-

selves or reach out to their friends to [get] help, I think it would have sort of served its purpose.” Woodall has worked closely with senior Katie Fox to get the program started here at Wake Forest. Fox serves as the organization’s photographer, and is in charge of taking pictures of the authors who volunteer to write letters for the site. The program’s lack of author anonymity has had a profound impact on her. “It’s been really cool for me to be able to meet the faces behind the stories and the letters,” Fox stated. “It’s just really encouraging to know that these are students just like us … they look so happy and smiling in their photos, but we’re all kind of going

through similar things. We’re all going through tough times. The photos help make it more personal.” Senior Hasan Pyarali is one of the authors who opted to share his story on the website. For him, writing a letter was all about encouraging those struggling to keep battling. “I hope that if someone feels left out, [whether] they’re a part of a club, a school, a nation, a job, a workplace, whatever, that they keep the fight going,” Pyarali said. “Don’t give up.” At the time of writing, three letters have been uploaded to If You’re Reading This Wake Forest. All students are welcome to write, and letters can be submitted through the If You’re Reading This website.

Photo Courtesy of ifyou’rereafingthis

The If You’re Reading This website features letters from those who have struggled with mental health issues. There are currently three letters posted on the site.


SPECIAL REPORTS

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Behind the university’s response to 8/28 After a protest on Aug. 28, students and university officials are trying to maintain momentum for change BY ALEXANDRA KARLINCHAK Editor-in-Chief karlae18@wfu.edu On the morning of Aug. 28, a cry for action could be heard around the quad. Today, less than 20 days later, a number of students worry that these cries for radical change have gone silent or been drowned out. According to campus leaders, however, that is not necessarily the case. Most recently, campus leaders reached out to Panhellenic President Emily Conway to facilitate conversation between university officials and Panhellenic sorority members. On Monday night, Conway and the rest of the Panhellenic Executive Board partnered with university leadership to visit all eight Panhellenic chapters and distribute resource cards and answer general questions. According to Conway, doing so was meant to serve as a check-in. Unfortunately, some members across certain Panhellenic chapters felt hurt, off-put and triggered by the drop-ins. “The reason behind today was to provide transparency regarding what is to come and what we, as a Panhellenic community, are working towards,” read an apology email sent from Conway to all Panhellenic community members. “However, I fear as if the conversations in some chapters were incredibly triggering and did not necessarily achieve their intended purpose. For that, we apologize to each of you and all of your members.” The protest that unfolded on that Saturday morning in August surrounded the readmission of Wake Forest students who had been publicly accused of sexual assault with a focus on the the ways in which rape culture is perpetuated around campus. A studentwritten petition was also made in conjunction with the protest. The first communication from administration to the student body related to the protests came in the form of a WFUNews email from Vice President of Campus Life Penny Rue. “Recent social media posts, a studentorganized demonstration on campus and an online petition claim that Wake Forest University has taken actions that undermine the safety and security of our community,” the email read. The email continues, expressing that administrators support students and their efforts to mobilize and speak about important issues. It also assured students that administrators were in the process of scheduling meetings to speak with concerned community members and informed readers that further communications were to follow. The email was received with mixed emotions. “It didn’t feel like it added anything new to the conversation,” sophomore Sarah Cadena said. “It felt vague [and it was unclear what concrete] actions the University would take. I still appreciated the tone of broad approval it had.”

A few days later, on Aug. 31, President Wente’s response to the protest was sent to the student body — also via email. This message included concrete steps the university was undertaking, including: • Having Campus Life staff make contact with students to hear concerns regarding student conduct and Title IX processes • Improving the communication of current student conduct and Title IX processes • Partnering with student leaders to assess the needs of other students Cadena expressed her appreciation for the supportive tone of President Wente’s email and explained the importance of carrying through on these actions. “How this unfolds will really show the type of leader she will be for our school,” Cadena said. “She has that power.” As August rolled into September, attention surrounding the protest and the implications it held regarding the broad issue of sexual assault on campus were once again boosted — this time, by a faculty-written petition. “My reasoning for wanting to start the petition was talking with students about both the protest, as well as larger issues, and the ways in which the school has dealt with these issues in the past,” Dr. Mir Yarfitz, a member of the progressive faculty group Wake Forward and the main author of the petition said. The petition called for “concrete suggestions for a comprehensive anti-racist sexual and interpersonal violence prevention strat-

egy,” and stood firm that the best way to promote this change was through additional staffing in departments such as the Office of Wellbeing, Student Health, the SAFE Office and more. This petition was sent on Monday, Sept. 6 to President Wente, Provost Kersh, Vice President Rue, Vice President Villalba, Vice Provost Chavis, Assistant Vice President Raper, Assistant Vice President Clifford, Director Casseus, Director Hala, Director Trilling and Dr. Palmieri. Yarfitz received a response from Penny Rue and Vice President for Diversity and Inclusion José Villalba on Sept. 9. “Your message highlights many of the short-term and long-term challenges of campus sexual and relationship violence,” the response read. “We have been charged by President Wente to work collaboratively with the university community and the administrators you mentioned in the petition, as well as the offices they represent, and other resources in our areas.” According to Yarfitz, Dr. Wente has not yet directly responded to the faculty petition. However, he believes that she and her team referenced their suggestions in her latest newsletter. “I also wrote a follow up email and explicitly invited Penny Rue [and other administrators] to a meeting and she responded quite quickly and positively,” Yarfitz said. “But that meeting is not on the calendar yet.”

One of the most notable proposals in the Wake Forward faculty petition was the request for the creation of education programming “in conjunction with Greek Life and other cam sectors.” At a school where 61% of the female undergraduate population and 34% of the male undergraduate population are involved in Greek life, Yarfitz — along with other faculty members and students — believes the ideas they laid out in the petition would have wide-reaching ramifications throughout the community. “This situation is not just a ‘Greek life’ situation,” senior Maya Dalton said. “It is an ongoing conversation. This isn’t going to be fixed in a day, this isn’t going to be fixed in some huge email from Dr. Wente and her cabinet. This is about a cultural shift.” Panhellenic President Emily Conway echoed Dalton’s sentiments. “This is much larger than one or two cases,” Conway said. “The things that people want to know [including individual case details] — legally, [the university can’t release this information]. What is needed is a culture change within Wake Forest.” As time continues to pass and October draws near, Cadena, Dalton, Conway and other students are hopeful that concrete change is on the horizon — even if that change takes time. “We need to be sure that the legacy of this conversation continues,” Dalton said.

Katie Fox/ Old Gold & Black

More than two weeks following the protest on Aug. 28, campus leaders are working to effect change in the way the university handles its culture of interpersonal violence.


OPINION

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Online Editor:

at : w w w. w f u o g b . c o m

C o n n o r M c N e e l y, m c n e c b 19 @ w f u . e d u

OLD GOLD & BLACK

The views expressed in all opinion columns represent those of the article’s author, not the opinions of the Old Gold & Black Editorial Board

American Politics

Biden administration lacks accountability The deficiencies of President Biden's character reveal themselves in the nation's lack of trust in the government BY CONNOR MCNEELY Opinion Editor mcnecb19@wfu.edu

President Joe Biden’s time in office is equivalent to a rotting apple. Last semester, as I enjoyed the semi-healthy aura of the new administration, I played both sides — or rather, agreed and disagreed with various aspects of Biden’s decisions like every American should — and accidentally commended his decision to withdraw from Afghanistan. What has followed my mark of approval is quite a bit of exposure. The fruit of the Biden presidency, which once hinted towards a potentially promising redemption of bipartisan politics, has now sat out in the sun for far too long. The promise of a leader who could solve the Photo courtesy of Charlie Chang (Flickr) COVID-19 pandemic has spoiled. The biggest blow to the Biden presidency has President Joe Biden visits National Institute of Health's (NIH) vaccine research been the collection of events that occurred in center to learn about the development of the Moderna and Pfizer vaccines. August, a month which has undeniably been The reason President Biden has failed to But, when you begin to think critically about the worst of President Biden’s term. Polls have Biden dropping to around a 40 percent approval President Biden, you start to understand the persuade the American public to get vaccirating — an ABC News/Washington Post figure reason why he was elected. Politically, philo- nated is exceedingly simple. The problem is has Biden at 44 percent, as compared to 67 per- sophically and personally — President Biden is his character. Accountability has ceased to be a necessary cent at the beginning of his presidency. Granted, the embodiment of the default setting. In fact, I I have always been skeptical of the approval polls could hardly argue that there is a philosophical virtue of politicians, and, naturally, the consequence of this issue is at the forefront of our conducted by the Washington Post, but when or political base to his character. But then again, do any major politicians pos- government. The hard truth of this presidency every single major media outlet has arrived at is that, just like President Trump, President this consensus, it can be stated that the majority sess a foundation like this? The answer from me is a firm no. President Biden is not liable to the American public. of Americans are disappointed with the choices that President Biden and his staff have made Biden’s predecessor — President Donald Trump Not when it counts, at least. If he truly desired to fix the issues that will — certainly did not. The point of Trump's presiwith their executive power. define his presidency, President Biden would Although I was emphatic in my defense of dency was to please a concentrated group of admit his mistakes, but this is a notion that isn’t President Biden’s commitment to a different people across the country and it went so poorly natural to the politicians of our age. Because America — one that would stray from decisions that I haven’t read a news article about him or they are overwhelmed with the demand for that expend oceans of resources and money on heard any violent little blurbs from him since the success, officials fail to realize that a humble wars that seriously fracture the image of our conclusion of the 2020 election. country — I miscalculated. I, similar to many The point of electing President Biden was to admission of their wrongs is an act that would citizens, forgot that the way that President Biden please everyone. Time and time again, it seems produce trust. The American people underhad been characterized was entirely paradoxical. that Biden is on the side of the people, to the stand and can accept that their government not perfect, but what they cannot accept is Think about it — an elder veteran of Congress, point which I believe he does not have the capac- is a government that hides the suffering of milcapable of leading a new generation of America ity to make the decisions that the country truly lions so that they can continue doing a poor with a steady and decisive hand out of the most needs rather than the ones they want. I am talk- job. challenging modern reality in history towards a ing about decisions that will benefit the counInstead of celebrating the Afghanistan withbright new future. This is a deeply flawed image, try in the long run — decisions that have to be drawal as an extraordinary success, President though. Nonetheless, it persists even today on made even though concentrated groups of people Biden must admit that his administration the newspapers, websites, social media plat- might hate his administration for doing so. failed to expedite visas for the Americans forms, minds and lips of American citizens. More specifically, President Biden does not left behind in Afghanistan. Biden must stop There is no individual that was involved with possess the power to mandate a vaccine. If you blaming the Trump administration for the the mire of 21st century congressional politics disagree with me on this point, you might want deal with the Taliban and for their disastrous that could guide the American public with an to listen to the thoughts of health professionals efforts to halt the pandemic so that he can unwavering character. Even as a lifelong Demo- and policy experts. Rochelle Walensky, the direc- focus on not making crucial errors regarding crat, President Biden has had moments in which tor of the Centers for Disease Control and Pre- the same issues. There are American citizens he dissociated from the more modest positions vention, tweeted in late July that "there would dying because the several dozen hospitals of the political party. One of those moments be no federal vaccine mandate," although she around them don’t have an open ICU bed. occurred in 2003, when President Biden was admitted that "the administration was looking Innocent families are being killed and torpart of the slim minority of Democrats who into the matter." A notable policy expert — mented by the Taliban for associating with the agreed on the resolution to invade Iraq. Biden Joe Biden — has also spoken on the matter in United States. It is time to stop labeling the has repeatedly denied this fact throughout December 2020, saying that he "wouldn’t think efforts of the U.S. government as successful recent years. the vaccine would be mandatory." measures — they’re cover-ups.


Thursday, September 16, 2021 | Page 9

Opinion | Old Gold & Black

Michael “K. Williams passes away Entertainment

A remembrance of Michael K. Williams — an actor who trailblazed the role of the anti-hero

Conor Metzger

Staff Columnist metzcr19@wfu.edu

This week, as I was completing classwork, I found myself staring at a poster hanging up on my wall. The poster is of the character Omar Little from "The Wire". It features the quotation, “You come at the king, you best not miss” (taken from episode 1.8 of "The Wire"). This visual hit a little harder this week given the passing of Michael K. Williams, the actor who brought the beloved character of Omar to life. Recognized for his roles on "Bessie", "Lovecraft Country" and "Boardwalk Empire", Williams will always best be remembered for his role as Omar Little — a character known for his honest stance on life and his never-ending conviction to do what he feels is right. Little was a standout character in a show that examined the crime and corruption within the city of Baltimore. The series explores settings ranging from the drug trade to inner-city

Williams portrayal of Little defied stereotypes ... he made sure that the character could not be pinned down to one archetype." schools to the media. Former President Barack Obama has even gone on record to say that his favorite show is "The Wire", and that his favorite character is Omar Little. So, why did this character, not even a series regular — have such an indelible impact? To put it simply, Little was not what people were used to seeing on television. Audiences found themselves rooting for a guy who took pride in robbing drug dealers. We would smile as he walked up to the corner of the local street gang, shotgun in hand and whistle in mouth — all with a quality of kingliness. We would then cheer as the teenage dealers, hearing this whistle, would know to drop the money and the drugs and run away. They yelled “Omar comin'” as they fled. Little would then take the money and pour the drugs into a drainage pipe, at times making the audience share in his disgust regarding the ways in which drugs had infected his community. Williams made us feel for Omar Little — he showed us how a man could

overcome the gut-wrenching poverty of the inner city, deny the appeals of a drug-infested lifestyle and do good in his community by hitting the dealers where it hurts. Omar Little stood out from other anti-heroes of television — he was a gay, Black man who displayed strength and conviction against gangsters. At the same time, he also showed gentleness and empathy for his partners, both in crime and in life. Williams' portrayal of Little defied stereotypes, and in doing so, he made sure that the character could not be pinned down to one archetype. This portrayal may be why we see so many anti-heroes today — the complexity of morality that is put forth through the eyes of these characters is intriguing, and the audience revels in their dissection. One striking scene exemplifying such is when Omar is in a courtroom, testifying against a murder. The audience watches as the lawyer representing the local drug gang tries to depict Omar as a low-level criminal who feeds off the drug trade by robbing it. Omar quickly turns the table on the lawyer, though, with the daring line: “I got the shotgun, you got the briefcase. It’s all in the game, though, right?” (taken from episode 2.6 of "The Wire").

This line makes the audience think. In the world of crime and drugs — a world that many are not really given the option to turn away from — where is the line between right and wrong? Is robbery still robbery if the person you are stealing from is taking advantage of the local addict? Is choosing to defend a criminal morally wrong? Our society is obsessed with these questions, which is why we watch shows like "The Sopranos", "Breaking Bad" and "Barry" in the first place. Whether we are aware of it or not, we can’t help but be fascinated by that fine line between right and wrong. Williams was emblematic of these questions. His portrayal has already gone down in TV history, and his legacy will be remembered every time a young actor steps up to play a morally loose character. Let us also remember what he means for men, for Black people, and for people who are gay, too. Williams proved that these markers of identity don’t mean you can be pigeonholed into a certain way of acting. Rather, Williams and his character show that our actions and the choices we make each day define us. After all, it is through these actions that we can undertake our own discovery of the principles governing our lives and our morality.

Consumers“confronted with ethical dilemma Consumerism

Fashion reflects social status as consumers choose between being morally and socially conscious

Adam Coil

Contributing Columnist coilat21@wfu.edu There has been an apparent shift in how class structure visually manifests itself in America. As it becomes more difficult to evaluate one’s socioeconomic status based on clothing alone, companies have found a new avenue through which commercial exploitation can be practiced: fast-fashion. Currently, most clothing bought and sold in the United States can be divided into three distinct subcategories: fastfashion, secondhand clothing and highend apparel. The first category, fast-fashion, describes any clothing brand that utilizes unethical production practices to sell a product at the lowest possible price point, thus maximizing profit. Oftentimes, these companies rely on environmentally unsustainable procedures, exploitation of employees and other unethical practices. A simple Google search can provide

While this shift towards sustainable fashion is an overall positive one, there is a subtly predatory practice emerging in this benevolence." much-needed context surrounding the business practices of culprit companies. As a result of these procedures, the quality of the clothing is often poor, and the clothes themselves do not last as long — this results in the rapid, wasteful consumption and disposal of products. Some culprits of fast fashion are corporations like H&M, Fashion Nova, Shein and Zara. Secondhand clothing is pretty self-explanatory — it is any clothing that is acquired in used or preowned condition. When people buy from thrift stores, online shops such as Depop and Mercari or wear hand-me-downs, they are being environmentally conscious by decreasing the amount of production and waste that results from clothing manufacturing in the United States — assuming they are only purchasing clothes that they truly need. Finally, there's high-end fashion — which is the broadest of the three categories. High-end fashion is more likely to be ethically produced and long-lasting, but the price barrier excludes the overwhelming majority of Americans from these brands. Although there are certain brands that are sustainable and reasonably priced,

these companies are often relatively unknown and minimalistic in nature, which further contributes to their lack of inclusivity. Even if people can afford the often ridiculous prices of high-end fashion and are able to get to the store before the inventory is sold out, there may not be any clothes that fit their body type. It is this increasingly polarizing phenomenon that puts American consumers in an extremely difficult position. Those who lack financial privilege but care about their appearance and want to express themselves are often forced to choose between being morally or socially conscious. If one cannot afford what they want to wear, they face a conundrum of whether to turn to cheap look-alikes that allow them to be perceived as wealthy and stylish, or to buy second-hand clothing that could be negatively received and damage their selfimage. Now, this all is not to say that thrifting is a bad or unfashionable practice in the U.S. today. In fact, for many, it is a popular and trendy thing to do. While this shift toward sustainable fashion is an overall positive one, there is a subtly predatory practice emerging in this benevolence. As secondhand clothing becomes more marketable and profitable, the extremely wealthy have started to appropriate the process, and some are even finding monetary potential in the industry.

When the uber-wealthy adopt a practice designed to benefit the lower and middle classes, they make said practice less accessible to those for who the practice was created — those who truly need it. If you can afford to spend hours a day rummaging through bins of old clothes, you are able to snatch up the best items before many even know they were there. Those who take these clothes — clothes they do not even need — and jack up the price to the point where it is no longer affordable for most are engaging in morally questionable practices that makes it even more arduous for lower-class Americans to find ethically responsible, stylish clothes at affordable prices. Rapacious corporations are mostly responsible for this pressing issue in America. This does not, however, diminish the moral responsibility of the consumer. Boycotting fast fashion, buying only what is essential and researching the companies one buys from are instrumental practices to galvanize equity in the fashion industry. Clothing is expression and expression is art. When the freedom of expression is infringed upon by the same greed and ambition that serve to oppress those who are most vulnerable, there must be dire urgency among the people to enact restorative justice on the exploitative industry that is suppressing individualism.


SPORTS

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Online at: www.wfuogb.com Twitter: @sports_ogb Editors: Essex Thayer, thayse20@wfu.edu Christina DeNovio, denoca20@wfu.edu

OLD GOLD & BLACK

Wake Forest defeats Norfolk State Sam Hartman passed for 244 yards and a touchdown, while adding a score from the ground

BY ESSEX THAYER Sports Editor thayse20@wfu.edu For the second straight week, Wake Forest took care of business against a lesser opponent, defeating Norfolk State 4116. The Spartans, an FCS team, put up a strong fight early, but Wake Forest was still able to clear their bench with five minutes remaining in the third quarter. To begin the game, Norfolk State's offense was efficient against Wake Forest’s first-team defense, much to the surprise of the 22,000 fans in attendance. Over the course of nearly seven minutes of play, the Spartans marched down the field, utilizing a mix of short passes and runs to keep the drive going. On two third-and-longs, the Demon Deacons had the opportunity to get off the field without giving up points. On both occasions, Northfolk quarterback Juwan Carter made passes of 18 and 16 yards to keep the offense on the field. The third attempted pass from Carter on third down fell incomplete, allowing kicker Josh Nardone to knock through a 41-yard field goal, giving the Spartans the lead. The drive from the Spartans took the wind out of the raucous student section’s sails, but Wake Forest responded. Where

Norfolk State took their time, the Demon Deacons moved quickly, taking less than two minutes of game time to move 65 yards in six plays. Redshirt sophomore quarterback Sam Hartman kicked off the drive with two straight passes to receivers A.T. Perry and Jaquarii Roberson. Then, redshirt junior running back Christian Beal-Smith put his signature on the drive with consecutive runs of 11 and 24 yards. Hartman then strode into the endzone from four yards out. On their second drive, Norfolk State proved that in order to keep themselves in the game, they would control the clock, eating seven minutes on a 12-play, 29-yard drive. That drive culminated with a punt. In response, Wake Forest kept on marching. The Deacons utilized a balance of runs and passes to move down the field. On the drive, Hartman found Roberson twice for 14 and 12 yards. For most of the drive, though, Beal-Smith was the go-to Demon Deacon, rushing five times for 17 yards. The running back capped off the possession with a three-yard power drive into the endzone. In their third time on the field, the Wake Forest offense scored a third straight touchdown. On this drive, despite Hartman still being under center, the depth players were the focal point. Redshirt sophomore Christian Turner led the way at running back with four rushes. In the passing game, Hartman honed in on freshman Ke’Shawn Williams (two

receptions, 19 yards) and redshirt senior transfer Donald Stewart (two receptions, 35 yards). To close the drive, Turner ran in his first touchdown as a Demon Deacon from three yards out. Down 21-3 at this point, the Norfolk State offense went on the attack. Correction, Carter went on the attack. Out of the nine plays on the Spartan drive, eight were either a Carter pass or quarterback run. The final play of the drive, once again involving Carter, was a 10-yard pass to wide receiver Rayquan Smith. A missed PAT from Nardone kept the score at 21-9. In the final minute, Wake Forest orchestrated a no-huddle drive to set up a field goal attempt for junior Nick Sciba from 46 yards; he hit the mark with distance to spare. The kick is the third-longest of Sciba's career, and his longest since the Birmingham Bowl in 2018. For Hartman and the Demon Deacon offense, it didn’t take long to score in the second half. On their first play out of halftime, Hartman found Roberson deep for a 64-yard touchdown. Following a Norfolk State three-andout, kicker Nick Sciba got his second field goal attempt of the day, knocking the kick through the uprights from 22 yards out. After a blocked punt by redshirt sophomore Rondell Bothroyd, the Demon Deacon offense cashed in with another Turner run for a touchdown. With Head Coach Dave Clawson bringing in his depth players, the Spartans capitalized one more time for a score: a Carter

touchdown pass for three yards. The 41-16 scoreline stayed true until the final whistle. After the game, Clawson expressed his pleasure with the win, but also his desire to continue to grow. “We got the win, were able to play a lot of players and we emptied the bench with about five minutes left in the third quarter,” Clawson said. “Obviously, the challenge of the season is to be able to take a big step forward against Florida State. [Right now] we are where we need to be.” As Clawson referenced, Wake Forest will need to take a big step forward next week at home against Florida State University, their most difficult competitors to date. The Seminoles narrowly lost in their first game to Notre Dame before being upset by Jacksonville State on Saturday.

Photo courtesy of Wake Forest Athletics

Receiver Jaquarii Roberson caught four passes for 97 receiving yards.

U.S. Soccer team fights to return to World Cup After the first stage of the qualification round, the U.S. sits in the final World Cup spot BY ADAM BARROW Contributing Writer barrae21@wfu.edu

After five frustrating halves of soccer, the U.S. Men’s National Team (USMNT) finally built some momentum in the CONCACAF World Cup qualifying tournament Wednesday night with a four-goal second half that propelled them to a win against Honduras. The USMNT struggled in its first two games against El Salvador and Canada, with both contests ending in draws. The 0-0 draw against El Salvador wasn’t cause for much concern; it was on the road, and in what was the first World Cup qualifying match ever for many players on the team. The team created chances, with a 13-7 advantage in shots and a 1.68-0.29 advantage in expected goals (a metric that measures quality of chances), but just couldn’t finish. The match against Canada, however, was cause for much more concern. The U.S. dominated possession

(72%), but were unable to put pressure on the Canadian midfield. Overall, the team looked far too tentative. These results were all the more disappointing given the recent success of the USMNT. Earlier this year, they won both the inaugural CONCACAF Nations League and the CONCACAF Gold Cup, with the Nations League win featuring a lineup largely similar to the current World Cup Qualifying roster. The U.S. climbed to No. 10 worldwide in the most recent FIFA rankings, creating skyhigh expectations for this tournament. These disappointing results, and the fact that the U.S. was missing three typical starters (Sergino Dest, Gio Reyna and Weston McKennie) created a lot of tension heading into the 3rd match against Honduras, and the first half did little to alleviate it. In front of a lively Honduras home crowd, the U.S. looked as flat and aimless as they did against Canada. Manager Gregg Berhalter switched to a 3-4-3 formation for this match, and Honduras thrived against it the entire half. The midfielders were forced to cover too much ground, allowing Honduras to move the ball around a lot and put pressure on the U.S. defense. This led to Honduras scoring the match’s first goal, a

diving, acrobatic header by Brayan Moya off of a perfectly placed cross from Edwin Rodriguez. The U.S. went into halftime looking completely disjointed, their prospects bleak. The second half, however, was a completely different story. Berhalter made three substitutions at the half, taking George Bello, John Brooks and Josh Sargent out for Antonee Robinson, Sebastian Lletget, and Brenden Aaronson. Additionally, he switched back to the 4-3-3 formation that had been used in the first two matches. These changes immediately paid off, as Robinson quickly scored the equalizer in the 46th minute. Star player Christian Pulisic had to leave the game with an injury in the 58th minute, but the U.S. managed to continue their momentum. After helping create the USMNT’s first goal, 18-year-old forward Ricardo Pepi, making his senior national team debut, scored in the 75th to give the U.S. their first lead. He further contributed to a superb performance with an assist to Aaronson, making the score 3-1. The U.S. piled it on with a fourth goal in stoppage time by Lletget. Berhalter’s substitutes completely turned the match around, with all three

halftime subs scoring and DeAndre Yedlin, who replaced James Sands in the second half, adding an assist. Overall, the team looked more aggressive and confident in that half than they had this entire qualifying window. The win gave the U.S. three much needed points towards World Cup qualification, bringing their total to five (they received one from each draw). This puts them in third place among the eight CONCACAF teams remaining in the final round of competition, behind Mexico and Canada. In the new CONCACAF qualifying format, the top three teams at the end of the tournament will automatically qualify for the 2022 World Cup in Qatar. The fourth place team will be sent to the Inter Confederation Playoff, where they will compete with the highest non-qualifying team from three other leagues for the final two spots in the World Cup. With the win against Honduras, the USMNT is now in a good position to be in that top three, but they'll have to hope their strong performance from the second half carries over when they resume international play against Jamaica on Oct. 7.


Sports | Old Gold & Black

Thursday, September 16, 2021 | Page 11

Recapping a thrilling Week 1 in the NFL Week 1 of the NFL was filled with comebacks, game winning plays and upsets BY LUKE ALTIER Contributing Writer altilh21@wfu.edu

Tampa Bay def. Dallas 31-29 In the first NFL game of the year, Dak Prescott and Tom Brady combined for almost 800 passing yards. The gamewinning field goal was knocked in by Buccaneers kicker Ryan Succop with only two seconds on the clock. Houston def. Jacksonville 37-21 In his first game for the Jaguars, the No. 1 overall pick in the 2021 NFL draft Trevor Lawrence threw for 332 yards, 3 touchdowns and 3 interceptions. The turnovers gave the Texans, fueled by their rushing offense, enough possession to put up almost 40 points. Chargers def. Washington 20-16 The Chargers, led by second-year phenom Justin Herbert, won their first game of the season against the Washington football team. Washington’s plans for the week (and possibly the season) were shattered when Ryan Fitzpatrick, the quarterback they signed for the 2021 season, was removed from the game after taking a massive hit in the pocket. San Francisco def. Detroit 41-33 The 49ers, led by second-year receiver Deebo Samuel (nine receptions, 189 yards, one TD) and new starting running back Elijah Mitchell (109 yards, one TD), were able to squeak past Jared Goff and the Detroit Lions. Goff had a great debut with his new team, throwing for 338 yards and three touchdowns. Carolina def. Jets 19-14 Two top-five draft selections by the New York Jets, Sam Darnold (former

Jet) and Zach Wilson (the Jets rookie quarterback), faced off on Sunday. Darnold beat his former team, throwing for 280 yards and a touchdown, as well as running one in himself. Wilson posted a decent stat line in his debut for the Jets (258 yards, two TDs, one interception). Seattle def. Indianapolis 28-16 Russell Wilson and the Seahawks demonstrated a balanced attack strategy against the Colts. Wilson threw four touchdowns, three of which were to his two-star wideouts Tyler Lockett (two TDs) and D.K. Metcalf (one TD). Carson Wentz threw for 258 yards and two passing touchdowns in his debut for Indy. The Colt’s defense, led by DeForest Buckner and Darius Leonard, caused havoc throughout the game for Wilson. It wasn’t enough, as the Colts couldn’t consistently find the end zone. Philadelphia def. Atlanta 32-6 Jalen Hurts and the Eagles earned a commanding victory and showcased their well-rounded receiving core. Hurts threw touchdowns to three different receivers (Devonta Smith, Jalen Raegor and Dallas Goedert), and didn’t turn the ball over for the entirety of the game. The Eagles defense helped keep the ball in Hurts’ hands. They sacked Matt Ryan three times and forced a fumble. Pittsburgh def. Buffalo 23-16 In a game that was expected to be jampacked with touchdowns, only two were thrown. Josh Allen was unable to connect in the red zone, scoring only once on four trips. Roethlisberger, similarly, only scored once on three trips. Arguably, the biggest factor in this game was the Steelers defensive unit, which caused four fumbles. Cincinnati def. Minnesota 27-24 Joe Burrow, returning from a horrible knee injury, connected with Tee Higgins and rookie Ja’Marr Chase for touch-

downs to help Joe Mixon (127 rushing yards, one TD) carry the offense. Dalvin Cook didn’t disappoint, as he rushed for 61 yards and a touchdown. Arizona def. Tennessee 38-13 After signing the likes of J.J. Watt, A.J. Green and others, the Cardinals showed out against the Titans. Kyler Murray was phenomenal, throwing for almost 300 yards, dishing four touchdowns (DeAndre Hopkins — two TDs; Christian Kirk — two TDs), and rushing for one himself. While Murray and the offense were fantastic, the most impressive player on the field was Cardinals outside linebacker Chandler Jones, who managed to sack Ryan Tannehill five times and forced him to fumble twice.

Denver def. Giants 27-13 Newly acquired Broncos quarterback Teddy Bridgewater (264 yards, two TDs) and Daniel Jones (267 yards, one TD) matched up evenly in the pocket if you look at the stats, but Bridgewater played a much more efficient game (he only missed on eight of his 36 passing attempts). Bridgewater also led a huge drive at the end of the first half, giving the Broncos a 10-7 lead with just eight seconds remaining. Broncos running back Melvin Gordon rushed for 101 yards, which included a 70-yard touchdown that helped seal the victory in the fourth quarter. The Broncos look ahead to Justin Herbert and the Chargers next week.

Kansas City def. Cleveland 33-29 Patrick Mahomes and Tyreek Hill are back at it again this year — Mahomes connected with Tyreek Hill for a 75-yard touchdown; Hill was on the receiving end of almost 200 of his 337 passing yards. Baker Mayfield, while throwing for 321 yards, relied heavily on the likes of Nick Chubb (two TDs) and Kareem Hunt (one TD) to do the scoring for the Browns. However, the real story of this game was the brilliant comeback by the Chiefs. Their three forced turnovers gave the Chiefs enough momentum to win the game.

Miami def. New England 17-16 In the battle of the ‘Bama alumni, Tua Tagovailoa faced off against the Pats rookie quarterback Mac Jones. Tagovailoa, who had a decent game (202 yards, one passing TD, one rushing TD), led the go-ahead drive for the Dolphins in the third quarter. He completed a pass to highly-touted rookie receiver Jaylen Waddle, and the defense took care of the rest. Dolphins star cornerback, Xavien Howard, recovered a fumble by Patriots running back Damien Harris in the fourth quarter to seal the victory for Miami.

New Orleans def. Green Bay 38-3 Jameis Winston and the Saints bullied the Packers in their season opener. Winston threw five touchdowns, but only totaled 148 passing yards. Saints running backs Alvin Kamara and Tony Jones Jr. combined for 133 yards on the ground, which allowed Winston to get good red zone looks. The Packers, after dealing with offseason drama, had a tough time getting in the red zone. The Saints established an early lead at the half (17-0), and never allowed the Packers any breathing room to get back in the game.

Rams def. Chicago 34-14 In his debut with Los Angeles, quarterback Matthew Stafford threw three touchdowns (Cooper Kupp, Robert Woods and Van Jefferson) and totaled 321 yards. The Rams breezed past a Bears team that just couldn’t get its passing game going. Chicago running back David Montgomery, however, had a great day, rushing for 108 yards and a touchdown. The Rams defense forced a fumble and posted three sacks on the day, which was enough to let Stafford coast to an easy victory.

Women’s soccer begins 2021 on a tear Wake Forest starts season with eight straight wins, but a tall test looms in Virginia BY CHRISTINA DENOVIO Sports Editor denoca20@wfu.edu The past month has been nothing short of spectacular for the Wake Forest women’s soccer team. On Thursday, they took down Coastal Carolina University at Spry stadium with an impressive 5-0 scoreline. Three days later, the Demon Deacons (70-0) beat the University of Maryland 2-0, also at home. Wake Forest has not lost a game since they dropped an exhibition contest against the University of South Carolina on Aug. 12. Following that 0-2 loss, the Deacs defeated the University of Illinois Chicago, High Point University, Virginia Commonwealth University, Youngstown State University, Loyola University Maryland and Appalachian State, all before Thursday’s game. The team has not only

defeated eight teams in the past month, but also has not given up a goal in any of those games. Scoring started early during Thursday’s game against Coastal Carolina (2-3-1), as sophomore Sophie Faircloth curved a corner kick right into the back of the net in the fourth minute of the game. In the fifth minute, redshirt senior Sofia Rossi, assisted by senior Ryanne Brown, scored her third goal of the season. The Deacs took a short break from scoring until graduate student Jenna Menta assisted senior Ashley Frank’s goal in the 31st minute. Menta tallied a second assist in the 68th minute, setting up sophomore Carrie McIntire’s goal, which was McIntire’s first of the season. Menta eventually scored a goal of her own, which was assisted by Frank, in the 71st minute. To no one’s surprise, Wake Forest outshot Coastal Carolina 29-7 and had 11 shots on goal. Coastal Carolina mustered just one shot on goal. Though the turnaround to Sunday’s game was short, the Deacs showed up

strong against Maryland (4-2-2). The game was Wake Forest’s eighth consecutive shutout victory, marking the first time since 2016 the team has had an 8-00 record. Scoring in the 21st minute, redshirt junior Lauren Tangney was the first to strike on Sunday. After over 65 scoreless minutes, Faircloth and sophomore Faith Adams assisted on a goal by Menta in the 87th minute. Once again putting out an impressive performance, the Deacs outshot the Terps 18-9. The Wake Forest goalkeeper remained untested, as Maryland did not put a shot on goal all game. One of just three teams in the nation who have yet to concede a goal this season, the Deacs have outscored their opponents by a total of 23 goals thus far. Up next, Wake Forest will play their first ACC game of the season at home against the University of Virginia (7-1-0) on Sept. 17. The Deacs look to continue their historic unbeaten streak against the toughest opponent they’ve faced so far.

The matchup marks the first of 10 regular season ACC games to come throughout this year’s campaign.

Photo courtesy of Wake Forest Athletics

Sophie Faircloth scores on the first corner of the game.


Page 12| Thursday, September 16, 2021

Old Gold & Black | Sports

Youth prevails in 2021 edition of U.S. Open 18-year-old Emma Raducanu won the women’s trophy against 19-year-old Leylah Fernandez BY IAN STEFFENSEN Contributing Writer stefip21@wfu.edu

The 2021 U.S. Open promised to dazzle and entertain as the biggest names in tennis descended upon New York for the fourth and final Grand Slam event of the year. Fans once again passed through the turnstiles of the Billie Jean King National Tennis Center and restored the emphatic energy absent from last year’s event. Despite the loss of big names such as Roger Federer, Rafael Nadal and Serena

Williams due to injury, the event hosted a slew of new stars. The major tournament had its highs and its lows, but it is clear the future of tennis is brighter than ever. In women’s singles, teen sensations Emma Raducanu and Leylah Fernandez made historic runs to the final, which was the first ever to feature two unseeded players. Raducanu defeated Fernandez in straight sets (6-4, 6-3) to claim her first Grand Slam title. Fernandez, the 19-year-old Canadian, had a Cinderella story-esque run to the final, upsetting countless opponents en route. She beat defending champion Naomi Osaka, Angelique Kerber, Aryna Sabalenka and Elina Svitolina leading up to the final. Since she was unranked, Fernandez was the underdog in every

Courtesy of Kena Betancur/Getty Images

A teenager, Emma Raducanu won her first Grand Slam tournament final on Sept. 11, making her the current British No. 1 and worldwide No. 23.

one of her matches, yet her grit and determination shone through and quickly made her a fan favorite. Osaka’s third-round exit at the hands of Fernandez added another setback to what has already been a difficult year for the superstar. For Osaka, the U.S. Open was her first grand slam appearance since dropping out of the French Open and choosing to sit out Wimbledon. As her stardom has grown in recent years, Osaka has not been shy about expressing the impact it’s had on her mental health. In a post-match press conference, Osaka fought back tears and said she might take another break from tennis. In addition to Osaka, U.S. tennis star Sloane Stephens has also opened up about her mental health struggles since her loss in the U.S. Open. Stephens received well over 2,000 abusive and hateful messages on social media following her loss to Kerber. Always being in the limelight can take a toll on anyone. With athletes now more vocal than ever about their mental health battles, they are providing hope and inspiration to countless individuals showing that it is truly ok to not be ok. For 18-year old Brit Emma Raducanu, the sky’s the limit. In June, she made her Grand Slam debut at Wimbledon; now, three months later, she is a Grand Slam champion. What’s even more impressive is the utter dominance Raducanu displayed on her way to the title. In her three qualifying matches and seven main draws, she did not drop a single set. When you add that up, it amounts to 20 straight-set wins, an absolutely incredible feat. With her ace to seal the victory, Raducanu capped off the perfect ending to her U.S. Open fairy tale.

Regardless of Raducanu’s straight-set victory in the final, the match was hard fought, and each competitor brought forth a competitive spirit and poise to their play. The final was played on the 20th anniversary of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, and in her closing remarks Fernandez said, “I just want to say that I hope I can be as strong and resilient as New York has been the past 20 years.” This will certainly not be the last time we see these two, as we can be sure they will be ready to bring the sport into the next decade. On the men’s side, Novak Djokovic entered the U.S. Open with hopes of completing the calendar Grand Slam. The Serbian national was ready to build on victories at the Australian Open, French Open and Wimbledon, but his plans were quickly foiled by Russia’s Daniil Medvedev. Medvedev, mirroring Raducanu, dominated his opponent to win his first career Grand Slam singles title (6-4, 6-4, 6-4, straight sets). Djokovic’s thrilling semifinal match on Thursday against Alexander Zverev was a five-set epic that took its toll on both players. Medvedev’s path to the final was slightly easier, as he dropped only one set throughout the entire tournament. This disparity was apparent early on, with Djokovic appearing to be fatigued from the get-go. Once Djokovic got going, though, the momentum had already swung Medvedev’s way. The rest is history. Any casual tennis fan who did not pay enough attention to the tournament would be shocked by many of the outcomes and the champions. The U.S. Open provided amazing storylines and evidence that tennis is entering a new, unprecedented age.

Men’s soccer hits wall, loses 3-0 to Louisville For the first time in six years, Wake Forest is likely to tumble out of the Top 25 BY CHARLES HORN Staff Writer hornch18@wfu.edu The year is 2015, Wake Forest is unranked and Jack Harrison, now of Leeds United, scores to win the second straight game of the fledgling season. The next week, Wake Forest was in the United Soccer Coaches top 25 rankings, where they have stayed for six years and 88 straight polls. That is, until Wake Forest fell 3-0 to Louisville on the road last Friday. The defeat builds upon what has been a challenging start to the season for the Demon Deacons, who lost at home to VCU and needed two overtime periods to stave off Cornell. The Deacs entered the match at No. 25, after dropping out of the top10 for the first time in 67 United Soccer Coaches national polls. The defeat was historic for the Deacs given their unprecedented recent dominance. The team had not given up three goals since a 3-1 loss at Syracuse in 2014. The Deacs haven’t lost this badly in a shutout in almost 20 years, a steak dating

back to a loss against American University in 2001 during Bobby Muuss’s first season as an assistant coach. For Muuss, this season has posed unique challenges, some of which are partly the result of the Deacs’ recent successes. Wake Forest has matriculated significant talent to the pro-ranks for years, with six members of the team moving on after the fall season of 2020. As a result, a younger team was asked to perform to the highest of expectations. During the match against Louisville, the Cardinals’ dynamic winger Pedro Fonseca dominated, expertly carrying the ball and distributing to the Cardinals’ talented attacking core. Just 18 minutes into the match, Louisville struck first as Fonseca slalomed through the Wake Forest defense and found Aboubacar Camara, who fired a shot past freshman Trace Alphin in net. Alphin was making his first career start in the absence of Cole McNally. Wake Forest’s night took a dramatically worse turn less than ten minutes later. Sophomore Hosei Kijima dribbled in from the right, playing the ball into Junior Omar Hernandez, who let it run to the in-form Kyle Holcomb. Holcomb, who scored the overtime winner last match against Cornell, has been on a red-hot scoring streak to begin his senior season;

he has two goals in the last two matches. It appeared Holcomb had equalized the match after side-footing the ball into the Lousiville net, but a late whistle disallowed the goal due to an offsides call. On replay, Holcomb appeared to be fractionally onside, yet the damage had been done. The call proved even more costly when, minutes later, sophomore Prince Amponsah tripped Fonseca as the Brazilian attacker charged again through the Deacon ranks. The ensuing free-kick found the head of Josh Jones, who beat Jake Swallen to the ball and doubled the Cardinals’ lead. At the end of the half, the Cardinals possessed both a two-goal lead and a 9-1 shot advantage. Yet, rather than admit defeat, the Deacs came out of the gate in the second half firing and eager to gain a foothold in the match. Shots peppered Louisville’s goal, forcing save after save. Junior Nico Benalcazar was unlucky to see his headed effort narrowly whistle past the goal. The slim comeback hopes of the Deacons were dashed when Amponsah was caught in possession at the edge of the Wake Forest box by Fonseca. Amponsah pulled Fonseca down, earning himself a red card and allowing Fonseca to extend Louisville’s lead from the penalty spot.

Despite denying Louisville another goal, the result was already set, and the Deacs were left to limp home with diminishing hopes of turning the season around. Despite the difficulties of the early season, the going does not get easier. Up next are Pittsburgh, last year’s NCAA semifinalists coached by Jay Vidovich. Vidovich amassed 272 wins as coach of Wake Forest during his 20-year tenure from 19942014, along with two National Coach of Year awards. He also captured the 2007 National Championship. Wake Forest hosts the Panthers this Friday at 8 p.m. Pitt has endured their own difficult start to the season with losses against West Virginia and No. 19 Akron.

Courtesy of Wake Forest Athletics

Sophomore center-back Garrison Tubbs makes a play on the ball.


Sports | Old Gold & Black

Thursday, September 16, 2021 | Page 13

Wake Forest hosts event on race in sports Derrick E. White spoke on the importance of football in the African American community BY PARKER BEVERLY Staff Writer bevepg19@wfu.edu

On Thursday, Sept. 9, Wake Forest hosted author Derrick E. White for a conversation entitled “Race, Sports, and the Question of American Democracy.” The event was sponsored by the Wake Forest Department of African American Studies in partnership with Wake Forest Athletics. Professor of the Humanities and Director of the African American Studies program, Dr. Corey D.B. Walker, led the conversation in which he detailed the history of football at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), focusing primarily on the career of Jake Gaither. The lively discussion centered on “Blood, Sweat, and Tears: Jake Gaither, Florida A&M, and the History of Black College Football”, a 2019 book written by Derek E. White, a professor at the University of Kentucky. Early on in his teaching career, White became an assistant professor of history at Florida Atlantic University. There, he established the sports history program in which students were encouraged to tell stories about sports and their relationship to both American society and culture, focusing primarily on the experiences of minority communities. White’s students soon began exploring sports at Florida schools like Florida Memorial University and Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (FAMU). Unfortunately, students looking to uncover important histories were left with little information on the state’s

Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs). For years, historians had overlooked the awe-inspiring programs at these institutions. Hoping to remedy this oversight, White decided to research and ultimately publish his own findings on African American history and sports, specifically focusing on the development of football. Before football evolved into the sport so many enjoy today, it was confined to predominantly white institutions in the Northeast before eventually spreading down South in the 1880s. Football came of age in the wake of a turbulent period of American history — the Civil War. Following such a violent era, young men not of age to fight on the battlefield found themselves looking for an outlet to express their frustration. From this sprang football, a game in which men were able to assert their dominance on the gridiron, battling over a “pigskin” rather than with weapons. Colleges throughout the Northeast began building football programs. However, with serious injuries and even death becoming more common among players, some schools decided to cancel the newly developed sport altogether. In the African American community, young men were also searching for ways to express themselves during a time in which their rights were rapidly declining. For them, football was a way to assert their masculinity and escape, even if just momentarily, from society’s racial prejudices. For young Black men, football was not just a sport, but rather a way of creating an educated middle-class in their communities. While players at predominantly white institutions were issued equipment while those at HBCUs often made their own pads and cleats. In an interesting mo-

ment, White described white graduates from Northeastern universities as football “missionaries,” citing their work in spreading the rules and methods of the game. Often, they were scouted and subsequently hired to coach teams at HBCUs. Historians point to the match between Biddle College and Livingstone College on Dec. 27, 1892, as the beginning of football at HBCUs. The game took place on a snowy day in North Carolina and resulted in a win for Biddle. For historically Black institutions, the church played a substantial role in securing football programs. These schools were often larger and offered post-graduate options for students, leaving more time and funds for leisure and sports in the curriculum. Prior to World War II, private church universities dominated the football scene with teams like the Tuskegee Golden Tigers leading the charge. Ultimately, the popularity of football led to the creation of the Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association (CIAA) and allowed HBCUs to compete against one another. This association houses 12 universities including Bowie State and Winston-Salem State. In the second half of the presentation, White spoke about Jake Gaither, a seminal figure in football history. As the son of a minister and a teacher, Gaither was raised in a home devoted to religion and education. Since there was no high school in his town, his parents sent him to Knoxville College where he spent eight years. At Knoxville, Jake flourished as a compelling debater, but was only considered an average football player. Initially, Gaither wished to become a minister, but upon his father’s sudden death his senior year, he no longer had the funds necessary to attend graduate school.

Instead, he began working at the Henderson Institute teaching social studies and coaching basketball, football and track. In an encounter with famed Vanderbilt, Alabama and Duke coach Walter Wade, Gaither begged to be admitted to a coaching clinic, offering to dress as a janitor just to learn more about the game. Wade denied his request. In 1937, Gaither was asked to join head coach William Bell at Florida A&M as an assistant. Together, the two worked to develop the growing program in Tallahassee, networking with Black high schools to create a pipeline for talented athletes to join local HBCUs. Following great success, Bell and Gaither started their own coaching clinic, drawing individuals from across the country keen to learn how to structure their teams more effectively. Despite health issues, Gaither continued coaching for Florida A&M until 1969. Toward the end of the conversation, Professor White brought up an interesting paradox regarding the integration of sports programs. As more schools throughout the country became integrated, fewer players were seeking spots at HBCUs. Slowly, the system began to crumble; Black principals, administrators and coaches were losing their jobs only to be replaced by white counterparts. As a result, talented Black athletes were being told to attend historically white institutions, causing HBCUs to lose lots of talent. In other words, as White stated, “integration was necessary, but it came at a cost.” Derrick White’s discussion of football was both intriguing and timely considering the start of the football season. He helped further solidify the place of football in American culture and placed its roots in a firm historical context.

College football remains chaotic in Week 2 No. 3 Ohio State was upset by No. 12 Oregon; Florida State fell to FCS foe, Jacksonville State BY DYLAN TYNES Staff Writer tynedw19@wfu.edu After a Week 1 that at times felt a bit slow and predictable, this past weekend reminded fans that the only constant in college football is chaos (and Alabama). Two heavyweight matches headlined the week’s billing, but the undercard of the day was ripe with non-conference matchups between Power Five programs, too. One of the marquis matchups of the day ended up being the game with the largest College Football Playoff implications. The No. 12 Oregon Ducks simply overpowered and outlasted the No. 3 Ohio State Buckeyes on the road in one of the sport’s most hostile environments. Running back C.J. Verdell did it all for Oregon, totaling 195 yards from scrimmage and three touchdowns as his quarterback, Anthony Brown, avoided costly mistakes and accounted for 301 yards and two scores. Despite Buckeye quarterback

C.J. Stroud throwing for 484 yards and three touchdowns, the Ducks defense held OSU in check for much of the game and forced Stroud into timely incompletions, even with their two top pass rushers sitting out due to injury. The other top matchup of the day was a bit less enjoyable to watch as Iowa State hosted Iowa in a classic rivalry. The squads came into the Cy-Hawk Game ranked No. 9 and No. 10, respectively, but the 27-17 Iowa victory was anything but a thriller. The Hawkeye defense forced Cyclone quarterback Brock Purdy into three interceptions, among other blunders. Iowa walked away with only 173 total yards of offense on the day, yet they slowly pulled away in the second half to win their sixth straight game over rival ISU. Any college football fan looking at the game schedule a month ago would have circled Washington-Michigan as a premier matchup, but the excitement entering Saturday was lessened after Washington’s 13-7 loss to FCS opponent Montana last week. The Huskies’ offense was just as disappointing in their 31-10 loss to Michigan this week. The Wolverines managed to overcome an admittedly solid Washington defense with the sheer

volume of their rushing attack, thanks to many short Husky drives. Another more surprising rout occurred in Arkansas’ annihilation of Texas in Fayetteville, Ark. The final score of 40-21 betrays how lopsided the game was, as the Razorbacks had seemingly every offensive player run effectively against the Longhorns en route to a 33-7 third-quarter lead. Texas is in for a long week of jokes about being “back” and joining the SEC. One of the most entertaining games of the day was set in Knoxville, Tenn., where Pitt bested Tennessee 41-37 in a back-and-forth affair that saw the Virginia Tech-transfer Hendon Hooker led the Volunteers to the goal line with minutes left, only to be stopped on downs. Pitt’s Kenny Pickett passed efficiently for 285 yards and two scores in the Panthers’ win. The SEC got the best of the ACC elsewhere, though, as Mississippi State suffocated North Carolina State 24-10 to the tune of 60,000 cowbells in Starkville, Miss. The Wolfpack did not find the endzone until only a minute remained in the game, and the Bulldogs simply looked faster and stronger in the contest. Texas A&M entered their game against Colorado as the No. 5 team in the nation,

but a game-ending injury to quarterback Haynes King early in the first quarter derailed the Aggies’ offensive plans. They managed to scrape out a 10-7 victory after a late touchdown in what turned out to be a defensive slugfest. Miami followed up their loss to Alabama last week with a similarly slow offensive performance against Appalachian State on Saturday. The Hurricanes pulled out a late 25-23 victory over the Mountaineers, but quarterback D’Eriq King will need to live up to his billing if Miami hopes to compete with Clemson in the ACC. Most of the coverage around this game, though, will go to the Miami fans who caught a falling cat with an American flag to the tune of raucous cheers. Florida State lost on a last-second Hail Mary by FCS team Jacksonville State; No. 14 USC was dominated by lowly Stanford; No. 21 Utah fell to BYU for the first time in 12 years; TCU beat the University of California in a nail-biter. The list of upsets, close-calls and surprising blowouts goes on. After a year of opt-outs and cancellations, college football is harder than ever to predict. Each week promises to make up for last year’s oddity with more chaos than ever before.


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"Super Smash Bros. Melee" remains a fan favorite "Super Smash Bros." event in Sandusky, Ohio provides missed sense of unity and fulfillment for Nintendo enthusiasts of niche Smash installment

BY ISABELLA MASON Staff Writer masoif20@wfu.edu

Photo courtesy of IMDB

"Super Smash Bros. Melee" was released in 2001 and perseveres as an iconic game. The weekend of Sept. 10, I attended a "Super Smash Bros." tournament in Sandusky, Ohio, titled Riptide. For many, "Super Smash Bros. Melee" is a fondly remembered childhood video game, released in 2001 for the Nintendo GameCube — many folks’ first home console. Others might look back on "Super Smash Bros. Brawl" as their first fighting game, which was released in 2008 for the Nintendo Wii. You may be a fan of "Smash 4" for the WiiU, or perhaps you didn't get into Smash until its most recent version, "Ultimate", came out in 2018. It’s possible that you might have had the original "Smash 64" game for the N64. Regardless of which game got you into "Smash", if you play the game — any of its versions — you know how addicting it can be and how entertaining it is to play with friends. This passion reached a new level for me when I attended a major tournament hosted for "Melee", "Ultimate" and other fighting games. There’s a lot of "Smash" out there, and there are a lot of players dedicated to the many iterations of the game. "Smash" holds a special place in the hearts of many, and over the years, it has gained popularity in competitive circles. "Melee" is generally referred to as the first game in the series to become truly competitive. I began playing "Melee" in February — nearly 20 years after its release — because it is still popular in competition to this day. After becoming obsessed with this game, I decided to attend Riptide. If you know me, you know that I’m a "Melee" elitist. I jokingly look down on other "Smash" games, claiming that "Melee" is obviously the best itera-

tion that has ever been and ever will be released. When asked to explain why "Melee" is so special to me, I often struggle to explain why exactly the game is so unique. I’m going to attempt to put what makes "Melee" so magical into words. "Melee" is full of nuance. At face value, the game is rather simple — a few buttons will move your character and allow them to attack the other character you are fighting against. Your goal is to send the character off-screen into oblivion, and it’s easier to do so when they have taken more damage. So, attack and hope for the best, right? The "Melee" community has taken the game so much further than "hoping for the best," which is the strategy a lot of casual players employ to begin the game. "Melee" players all across the world have dedicated years to understanding every quirk hidden in the game. Documentaries have been made and guides have been written about how exactly this game can be so simple, yet so intricate. At Riptide, I was able to see incredible passion displayed in the crowds of people that turned up from all over the States. People really, really, care about "Smash". Most of the people who attended the tournament had attended many other tournaments in years past, but this was the first major event since the pandemic. The high energy palpable throughout the venue was beautiful. There are so many little ways in which the game "Melee" is deep — some intentional from the creators of the game — but most completely unintentional. "Melee" is a beautifully happy accident. It was intended to be a party game and wasn’t really intended to be played competitively, certainly not 20 years after its release. Nintendo, in ways that I don’t have space to get into, has made it difficult for the game to maintain its competitive streak, prompting social media movements such as the #FreeMelee movement to gain traction. "Melee" is extremely technical, complex and fastpaced, with far fewer bells and whistles than its later iterations. I won’t get into what makes this game so technically different from other Smash games or fighting games in general, but it is hard to be good at "Melee".

"Melee" offers an incredible skill gap, meaning the spectrum on which players exist is terrifyingly wide. (This skill gap was intentionally castrated in later games). There is also a high skill floor in "Melee", meaning you have to work pretty hard to be able to play the game properly. In other games, the skill floor was lowered severely. For example in "Ultimate", it’s easy to be good, though still hard to be really good. This high skill floor doesn’t make for the most accessible video game community — that I’ll admit. However, I’ve really come to love the "Melee" community over the few months I’ve been a part of it. The community is full of dedicated people who care deeply about the game and the people that play it. The community isn’t perfect, but there’s a lot of healthy discourse that occurs between its members — the "Melee" community is ever-living, and, in my opinion, ever-improving. In order to be good at "Melee" in a competitive sense, practice is essential. As such, there is a culture in the "Melee" community of hard work, consistent practice and dogged determination. The people who play the game love it because it’s brought them something — friends through tournament culture — a culture in which you drive an absurd number of miles to a tiny, cramped venue just to play the game you love with some people you barely know and many others you know all too well. It’s brought them satisfaction too. There is something about video games that brings about a unique sort of fulfillment. It’s brought them consistent passion — something to care about that, in the past 20 years, has never really died or left. Riptide embodied this passion. "Melee" is special. If I were asked to articulate what "Melee" means to me, I’d respond by saying that "Melee" represents the sort of curiosity I wish I could carry over into the rest of my life. It is rare that we get to be childlike and curious and care about things that don’t really matter (i.e. the things that don’t earn us money). "Melee" offers that rare chance to do such a thing — to care deeply about something just because it matters to you.

Photo courtesy of Pitchfork

Riptide is a weekend-long gaming tournament featuring competitions for "Super Smash Bros. Ultimate" and "Melee", along with "Rivals of Aether" and "Splatoon 2".


Life | Old Gold & Black

Thursday, September 16, 2021 | Page 15

Satire |Student Organizations

New society emerges: Flat Earth The Flat Earth Society consists of a dedicated group of hardworking individuals BY SELINNA TRAN Life Editor transn19@wfu.edu I’m pleased to announce that my latest endeavor — a project that has consumed my energy for the past few months — is the formation of a student organization on this campus. While it has not been easy, I took the time to carefully put together an organization that I hope would enact meaningful change within the Wake Forest community. This project has been under wraps and in the works for a while, but such was only meant to ensure that our mission and purpose were as cohesive as possible — we must be cognizant of the information we are putting out. That is why I am over the moon to introduce the Flat Earth Society, Wake Forest’s newest student organization. For those unaware, we are a community of individuals committed to upholding the principles of the world we live in, the flat one.

The Flat Earth Society is founded on the principles of working toward society’s greater good. As individuals of a perplexing world, one that is constrained to the conformities of daily life, it takes a group of strong-willed people to shatter the cycle. What better environment than the Wake Forest community to give birth to an organization that seeks to do just that — pursue justice against societal constraints? We hold beliefs that are similar or akin to those of Samuel Shelton, influential lecturer and founder of the International Flat Earth Research Society. One of his infamous quotes is, “It’s easy to see how a photograph like that could fool the untrained eye,” in regards to spherical satellite images of the Earth. Our society is ruled by social media and technology — is it really that crazy to believe that the environment on which we exist could be fabricated? We don’t believe so. If you are interested in exploring the nature of the Flat Earth and fostering conversations without judgment, this club might just be the one for you. We are not quick to judge, and we welcome opinions and perspectives from all walks of life (especially the flat ones).

Photo courtesy of KnowYour Meme

This satellite image of the Earth supports the notion of a flat planet.

Photo courtesy of The MemeYorkTImes

Still think the Earth isn’t flat? Look at this picture and think again.

YouTube |Video Essays

The beauty of the YouTube video essay

A meta genre of theYouTube community, video essays came from criticism of the platform BY ADAM COIL Contributing Writer coilat21@wfu.edu At the depths of my memory, I remember a drastically different YouTube. An awkward era of Youtube, where the site played out more like America’s Funniest Home Videos, rather than a place where individuals created diverse, compelling content. In the beginning, YouTube was defined by its most popular videos, “The Duck Song”, “Charlie Bit My Finger”, “Annoying Orange” and “Gangnam Style”, to name a few. As the app matured, it became a lucrative profession for many, and weekly or daily uploads became a commonplace practice

Photo courtesy of Spotify

Tiny Meat Gang, a podcast, came from the success of the duo’s video essays.

amongst the top personalities. YouTube became increasingly inclusive, as there was content for nearly everyone to interact with — spurring the engagement of various communities. Around 2015 or 2016, YouTube entered its dark age. Inspired by the success of the FaZe House, many YouTubers started to form large groups to reach new audiences and create increasingly extravagant content. These groups put forth brainless, mediocre content depicting exorbitant wealth and manufactured beef that captivated the hearts and minds of adolescents everywhere. As the quality of videos continued to decline, there became an increasing need to criticize and make fun of said videos — giving birth to new content: the reaction/ commentary genre. This is where comedians such as Cody Ko and Noel Miller come into play — a counterreaction to this devolution of creativity. YouTube became hyper self-aware, during this time, and content concerning other YouTubers or YouTube videos frequented the explore page. This phenomenon helped bring about the modern video essay. In these videos, information and entertainment are thrown at us in such a rapid and unrelenting manner it is difficult to fully digest anything. In the era of streaming, the next movie or television series is only a click away. Why give that movie you just watched a second thought when you could be watching the new Outer Banks season right now? Video essays and explanatory journalism are so essential when there are so many stimuli and so little time to absorb them. Granted, just because someone says something on

the internet, does not necessarily mean it is true, but seeing how other people analyze art, politics and culture can help you be intelligent and vigilant as a consumer, too. Channels such as The Nerdwriter, Shiny Reviews and Cinema Junkies have helped me interpret film and television, while channels such as Solar Sands and Art History with Travis Lee Clark have made it easier for me to appreciate and connect with paintings, sculptures and physical art. There are great YouTubers who teach about the intersection of culture, race, gender, history and expression, as well, like Amanda Maryanna, Madisyn Brown and Mina Lee. These content creators generate fantastic resources that educate individuals on the forces that dictate daily life in the 21st century. Becoming familiar with the perspectives of those who do not necessarily hold the same worldview as you is a crucial practice. Video essays do not always have to be serious, either. Drew Gooden and Kurtis Conner make hilarious, witty critiques of everything from old movies and TV shows, to consumer culture and misogyny in America. For those who are interested in refining their outlook on the world around them, there will always be a video essay to shed light on and bring clarity to the aspects of life that are difficult to navigate on one’s own. In this era of overstimulation and mass media, it can be helpful to slow down and make sure that what you are consuming is of any value to you. It is impossible to be an expert on everything, so don’t be afraid to let people challenge your preconceived notions and expand your horizons.

THE HOT LIST TOP TEN SPORTS TEAMS By: Selinna Tran

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

The people with “Space Jam” and LeBron James WFU E-Sports Team

Dallas Cowgirls WFU Frisbee (Led by Cooper Sullivan) Baltimore Ravens (Essex forced me) Not Will Zimmerman

Me when I go bowling

Harlem Globetrotters Cobra Kai in “The Karate Kid” Reddit Users

LITERATURE OF THE WEEK By: Selinna Tran

Photo Courtesy of Goodreads “The Guest Cat” By Takashi Hiraide A cute and light short story about a cat, the piece is a narrative about a guest cat, Chibi, who enters the life of a couple. While the story is centered around the cat, the text also explores the trials and tribulations of life as well as the hardships that come along with it.


Page 16 | Thursday, September 16, 2021

Old Gold & Black | Life

LIFE THROUGH THE LENS LENS... ...

This is Maahla Fofack

In this edition, the column features a glimpse into life through the lens of Maahla Fofack, a junior from Rockville, Md. She is pursuing a degree in biochemistry with a concentration in molecular biology. She serves as an Intercultural Ambassador and wishes to leave an impact on the Wake Forest community: “I’m interested in being a positive agent of change in my community but I’m also equally invested in exposing myself and others to different cultures and practices,” she said, “I hope to be able to create and support a socially diverse campus enabling the intermingling of all types of students.”

From Maahla... Traveling abroad can be quite a daunting task. The exhaustive lists of to-dos includes arriving at the airport on time, making sure your luggage isn’t overweight, finding your gate, catching your layover flight, getting through customs before finally figuring out how to navigate to a country that’s main language probably isn’t English. All of these difficulties are a given on most trips, but the added stress of traveling while Black sometimes exacerbates some of these common dilemmas. Getting through customs becomes a bit of a problem when security questions your motive for visiting the country. Asking for directions becomes nearly impossible when the people of the country you’re visiting have either never seen a Black person before, or have preconceived notions of Blacknes which cause them to be fearful. I must preface that I am by no means a travel expert. The majority of the trips I’ve taken have been with my family — which has given me a sense of added security and comfort. Despite this, I’ve come up with a list of my top three favorite places that I’ve traveled, basing my ratings on tourist attractions, cuisine, transportation and activities — while also factoring in how Blackness affects the overall experience. Beginning with my third favorite place to visit: Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. I visited Tanzania in March of 2016. The most tiring aspect of the trip was the journey itself. Flying out of an airport on the East Coast means you would generally have two layovers, the first being somewhere in Europe or Dubai, and the second likely being in either Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, or Nairobi, Kenya. Landing in Dar es Salaam and stepping out of the airport, you are already immersed in the country. There is the hubbub of the people speaking in Swahili waiting for family to arrive, vendors selling street food and of course, the heat and humidity. I will say that because I’m West African, I have a slight bias in favor of Tanzania. Furthermore, I generally didn’t experience any microaggressions here because everyone around me looked like me, but this can also be attributed to the fact that Tanzanians in general are extremely warm and welcoming people. Although Swahili is the national language, the moment I interacted with a Tanzanian and they realized that I wasn’t a native, they switched to English to accommodate me. My favorite dish and probably the country’s most recognizable is chapati, which is similar to naan or pita bread. The best part about traveling to Tanzania was the local

Getting from place to place can be a bit of a daunting task — although the infrastructure for public transportation is well developed, I would assume that most tourists don’t read Japanese. With the rise in the popularity of anime, Japanese cuisine has become extremely popular, so much so that even as a foreigner, I was already familiar with sushi, ramen, udon and Japanese curry. This is why — in addition to recommending local cuisine — I would also recommend at least visiting a 7-Eleven or a McDonald’s because their menu items are drastically different compared to those of their U.S. counterparts. Before revealing my favorite place I’d like to note some honorable mentions. The first is Tunisia, for its welcoming environment, which I think is attributed to Arab culture as a whole. Finally, Vienna, Austria — not only was it architecturally stunning, but the Christmas market was bustling with life. Photo courtesy of Maahla Fofack My favorite place I have traveled to is Lisproduce. I find that fruits outside of Western countries bon, Portugal. Lisbon is a small but diverse generally taste better just because they’re not mass-pro- city that is easily navigable via foot, public transportation duced to be imported. As a result, they’re often fresher. or taxi. The most reassuring element of the city is that, Finally, my favorite attraction that I visited was Zanzi- despite being surrounded by tourists, Lisbon is still able to bar, a small island with pristine beaches off of the coast of maintain its cultural identity. Tanzania. Often, when people think of visiting countries Many of the people who work in Lisbon are immigrants, in Africa, they imagine traveling to South Africa or Egypt. which provides numerous options for cuisine. There are But Tanzania, through it its beautiful savannahs, national plenty of Indian and Mediterranean-style restaurants, but parks, and kind people has made it to No. 3. Portuguese cuisine is also very popular here. Their famous Second on my list is Japan. I visited Japan in October pastry, nata, is of my favorites. 2017. The general tourist cities that people go to are ToLisbon is also famous for its colonialist history tourkyo and Yokohama, although I visited Tokyo and Kyoto. ist attractions, which include castles, towers and monuDespite being a long journey, the trip was well worth it. ments. However, my favorite activity by far was visiting Similar to Tanzania, Japan’s population is primarily com- the aquarium because it was interactive and extremely prised of its natives. well-organized and designed. What distinguished Lisbon Despite this, my interaction with Japanese people from the other two countries was the fact that I never once surpassed my expectations. Oftentimes when traveling felt like a Black tourist — I just felt like a tourist. while Black, you’ll receive stares from passersby, usually In summary, as grateful as I am to have had the opout of malice or ignorance. Yet, in Japan, I quickly real- portunity to travel to these cities, — and while they may ized that the stares I was receiving were out of admiration be tourist-friendly places where your Blackness doesn’t and confusion. I was approached by several people ask- feel like a setback — it’s important to realize that life ing for photos and comparing me to the likes of Michelle as a tourist is different than life as a resident. Nearly all of the countries I’ve mentioned have had their share Obama. Asking for directions on the street was simple — and, of racial tension against their Black members of society. there were a few times when we were approached by Japa- Austro-Africans adopting the BLM movement have benese people offering help after they noticed we looked gun to speak up against prejudice within their country. visibly lost. There are so many places to visit in Japan. I Similarly, Black Tunisians and sub-Saharan African imvisited temples, Harajuku station, rode a bullet train and migrants struggle to get the white and Arab communities to acknowledge racism within the country. sang a lot of karaoke.

Life Through Maahla’s Lens

Tanzania, Japan, Lisbon (respectively)

Photos courtesy of Maahla Fofack

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