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News: Face to Face retools November event Page 6

Opinion: Democrats gamble on climate crisis with infrastructure Page 8

Sports: Wake Forest outshoots Army 70-56 Page 10

Life: Exploring the intracacies of "When Breath Becomes Air" Page 14

Old Gold&Black

WAKE FOREST’S STUDENT NEWSPAPER SINCE 1916 VOL. 108, NO. 10

T H U R S DAY, O C TO B E R 2 8 , 2 0 21 “Cover s the campus like the magnolias”

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In Memoriam: Dr. Harold Tedford The beloved and influential theatre professor passed away Oct. 20 at the age of 88 BY EMILY TORO News Editor toroer20@wfu.edu Professor Emeritus of Theater Harold Tedford passed away on Oct. 20, 2021. Many may associate Tedford’s legacy with the Scales Fine Arts Center, as his vision helped foster the building’s construction and establish a presence for theater at Wake Forest University. But for those dear to him, his compelling personality will be remembered even above his many accomplishments. “He was always trying to create new ways for people to be involved in theater, whether they were wanting to be an actor or not,” Department Chair of Theater and Dance Nina Lucas said. “But his personality was just infectious.” Tedford, as described by Theatre Professor Mary Wayne-Thomas, had not only a warm heart, but a heart “rooted firmly in the theater.” Tedford had a passion for influencing students to love the theatric arts. Katie Fox/ Old Gold & Black

A recent email from the Delta Kappa Epsilon (DKE) fraternity made its way throughout campus as the message contained disturbing and sexual language, leading to pushback.

Vulgar fraternity email sparks mass outrage An email sent to rushees of a blacklisted fraternity referred to sorority women unflatteringly BY AINE PIERRE News Editor pierav20@wfu.edu

As the night of Friday, Oct. 22 approached, the brothers of Delta Kappa Epsilon (DKE) were preparing for their annual “Heat” party, which features a massive indoor pool. That was until a vulgar email sent to the fraternity’s rushees went public. “If the idea of binge drinking while floating around in an indoor pool doesn’t get the blood flowing to your little [expletive] the chicks (sic) in bikinis and wet t-shirts wrestling around in the water will,” the

email to the rushees read. “Seriously, there’s something about Heat that makes girls throw all their morals and self-respect out the window.” Many students expressed disdain for the email as it was spread on social media sites like Instagram. Like others, senior Caroline Wright said she was “disgusted” but not surprised. Many took the email as an opportunity to call out the role of fraternities in promoting sexist violence writ large. “I’m so angry at DKE for sending that email, and I know they’re only getting heat because they were caught,” sophomore Nina Nichols said. “I know that other frats send out similar emails.” Nichols continued: “I hope that other frats take this as a sign to do and act better and more respectfully to the women that attend their events.”

See Tedford, Page 5

Project Pumpkin goes off-campus The annual philanthropy event will be held in collaboration with the city's Fall Festival

The email quickly circulated across campus, and many sororities­—including Delta Delta Delta, Kappa Beta Gamma and Kappa Alpha Theta — boycotted the event. Later, DKE canceled the party altogether. “I’m proud of sororities for not taking their [expletive],” freshman Emma Sullivan said. The Office of Student Engagement also got wind of the email Friday night and contacted the national organization for DKE. “Our associate dean of students for student conduct sent a response to [DKE’s] HQ via email, and our Associate Dean of Students for Student Engagement left messages on the HQ emergency hotline and their executive director’s cell phone,” Shane Taylor, assistant director of fraternity and sorority life, said.

BY ALDEN FORKIN Contributing Writer forkae21@wfu.edu On Thursday, Oct. 28, from 6-8 p.m., Wake Forest’s oldest philanthropic event and venerated Halloween celebration will return in person, but off campus. A cherished highly-anticipated tradition that provides a safe environment for local children to enjoy Halloween festivities, Project Pumpkin’ was missed last year when it was canceled due to COVID-19. This year, the pandemic forced organizers to opt for the event to be moved off campus, but the Project Pumpkin team is still looking on the bright side. “While this new event has similar characteristics to those of previous years, it is now an opportunity for Wake Forest to go out into the community, rather than the community coming to us,” Internal Head Pumpkin Camden Jordan said.

See Email, Page 7

See Pumpkin, Page 6


Old Gold & Black

University“ must uphold core values This column represents the views of the Old Gold & Black Editorial Board.

For an institution that prides itself on its inclusivity and pro humanitate mindset, Wake Forest has done a poor job meeting students’ needs when it comes to continued COVID-19 protection. It is hypocritical for this school to be eager promoters of a vaccine mandate and continued indoor mask requirements while simultaneously failing to offer proper, short-term housing amenities to international students and mental health coverage to the entirety of the student body. The fact of the matter is this: the pandemic has highlighted a variety of flaws in the day-to-day functioning of Wake Forest. We are not out of the era of COVID-19 yet, so why are we attempt-

The fact of the matter is this: the pandemic has highlighted a variety of flaws in the dayto-day functioning of Wake Forest." ing to return to business as usual or — even worse — diminish the cushion and safety net that existed for students before? Last winter break, international students were able to remain in Winston-Salem in the “quarantine hotels”, as it was impossible for the majority of them to travel in and out of the United States. But that luxury is no longer an option, as the school is not currently offering any hotel housing.

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This year, nearly 400 international students are in the same predicament due to the mandatory quarantine periods of their country of origin and of the United States, yet Wake Forest is unable to offer housing to them. Could Wake Forest Housing not offer a stipend to ease the financial and emotional burden of scrambling to find a one-month lease through Airbnb? Why was this housing issue not publicized earlier? But housing is not the only issue that has fallen to the wayside amidst this continued pandemic. Mental health care coverage on campus has fallen to a new low with the announcement of UCC’s new singlesession model going public less than two weeks ago. Now, students

seem to be expected to cope with increased and continuing stress, anxiety, depression, disordered eating and a number of other mental health issues in one to four sessions. Not only does this sound unsustainable for counselors and students, it also does not sound just. Offering a free or discounted subscription to online counseling services such as Better Help would be more logical and equitable. Wake Forest must do better in offering continued help and guidance to those impacted by COVID-19 through policy and direct action. Wake Forest needs to live by the pro humanitate mantra that is etched into so many bricks, yet not vocalized in many of its poli cies.

Old Gold&In Your Ears

THE STUDENT NEWSPAPER OF WAKE FOREST UNIVERSIT Y SINCE 1916 ALEXANDRA KARLINCHAK EDITOR-IN-CHIEF karlae18@wfu.edu

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Christina DeNovio, denoca20@wfu.edu Essex Thayer, thayse20@wfu.edu

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The Old Gold & Black is published Thursdays during the school year, except during examinations, summer and holiday periods, by Triangle Printing of Durham. © 2021 WFU Media Board. All rights reserved. The views expressed in all editorials and advertisements contained within this publication do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the OGB. As part of our commitment to reporting news fairly and accurately, we will not remove any previously published content. If an error in either our online or print content is brought to our attention, we will revise the originally published article with an appended correction. In order to facilitate thoughtful and appropriate debate, profane, vulgar, or inflammatory comments on our website are not allowed and will be deleted. For more information on our commenting policy, please see our website. We reserve the right to reject advertisements deemed inappropriate. Our full policy, and how to advertise with the OGB, can be found on our website.

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News | Old Gold & Black

Thursday, October 28, 2021 | Page 3

Deacon Profile: Mark Sucoloski BY COOPER SULLIVAN Asst. News Editor sullcg20@wfu.edu

We are in the process of chatting with some folks to see what the future is going to hold for those things. I'm definitely going to be in Nashville. I don't know how long I'm going to be independent for, but we are in conversations right now trying to figure things out going forward. What it means to me is I'm not necessarily tied down right now to something; — I'm free to put out what I want and do what I want. That is a really cool aspect which not a lot of folks in my position get to experience. So until I'm not independent anymore, it will be me calling the shots and running the show. I have a phenomenal team right now that have already helped me along this journey and propel me into the music industry. It's a really unique and cool opportunity that a lot of college students don't get to have.

Mark Sucoloski (stage name Mark Taylor) is a senior communication major from Baltimore, Maryland with minors in sociology and entrepreneurship & social enterprise. He is the music director for Chi Rho, an all-male a capella group on campus, and a member of the Alpha Phi Omega service fraternity. Sucoloski is also a country musician who just released his Spotify-charting debut album, “ONE”. Between classes, Chi Rho and his dreams of becoming a household name in music, Mark has a busy schedule. True to form, the night before we spoke, he drove to Lexington, North Carolina and back to perform at a local bar. You've been around a pretty musical family your whole life, but how did that translate to this love for performing and wanting to get out on stage? My dad really encouraged me to pursue music from a young age, so I had a guitar in my hand since I was a year-and-ahalf or two years old. At the time, I was just strumming along, playing nonsense. Then, by the time I was 13, I was playing professional shows. I got up on stage with my dad for the first time when I was five or six years old, just playing rhythm guitar with his band. I started on my own when I was super young — 13 years old — and he would help me carry all of this stuff into the venue. I would lie about my age and play the earlier set at the bar, and then people started to kind of figure me out. Then I became a little bit older, and I would get to play the later set at the bar. Then all of a sudden it turned into 1,000 shows from the time I was 13 to now, when I’m 21. It was all thanks to that encouragement from a young age to keep going forward and keep trying — that positivity was invaluable. I listened to your debut album, "ONE", last night. It could be just because I'm close-minded in the country genre but it didn't really seem to have that “traditional country” sound. What influences your music? My goal, especially with that record, was to take a lot of different influences and bring them into the same album. In addition to country music, I grew up listening to a ton of old Eagles records and Led Zeppelin. I was also in an old rock cover band in high school. My music style is a mix of everything that I like to listen to, which is why I think people are more drawn to it. It provides that not-super-country, not-super-rock yet not-super-pop blend of genres which I really enjoy.

What is the most memorable musical experience you have had in the last few years?

Photo courtesy of Mark Sucoloski

How did that record come about? I conceived it during quarantine. I just got extremely sick and tired of listening to my family complain about what we were doing all day, every day. One day I said, ‘I need to get away from you people for a couple days, I'm going to go write a record.’ And those couple days turned into a couple of months and then about a year. Some of the songs are four-or-five years old and some of them are far more recent. It kind of just came about from having a ton of downtime during COVID-19 and wanting to do something productive to show folks in Nashville — I'm moving down there full time as soon as I graduate to do country music — that I'm ready to roll. In my mind, the way to show that was through putting out a record, so that's what we did. It took about a year-and-a-half to fully produce and record and write.

You've been building up quite a following in the country music world. What does that mean for you and your career? It means that hopefully I'll be able to go down to Nashville in seven months when I graduate and be able to work or tour, play, record and meet a lot of these folks, too. A lot of the folks that I'm working with down there have some pretty cool resumés, and I would like to get one myself. So, it's just awesome to see that, with the support of some of my friends and colleagues down in Nashville. It means that all the hard work and money that I've been putting into this is finally starting to pay off, which I love seeing. So, you are a Nashville recording artist but also an independent artist. Wßhat do those two labels mean to you, since they are so different?

A few years ago, I was playing bass for some buddies of mine in a band in Baltimore, and we were playing for probably 7-8,000 people at this massive Army-Navy football game tailgate. It was really fun, and then we were on the Allman Brothers tour bus just kind of hanging out. That was my first taste of what professional music really was, and it was super cool. Then about a year ago, I got to open up for Big & Rich in Baltimore, which is a big country band, and that was super fun. Just having the opportunities to work with some really big names in the industry and just hang out in those circles and be able to play for thousands of people at the same time is really, really cool. It gave me a really awesome taste for what I want to be doing in the future. So, what's next? Just writing. I’m writing a ton right now. We are actively marketing the record, and that’s been going really well, but we're also already on to what is next. So I've been writing a ton, both here in Winston-Salem and then down in Nashville and then back home in Baltimore. Trying to see where the next thing is going to fall is exciting, because I don't really know what's necessarily going to happen. We have a lot of conversations happening right now, which are hopefully going to be fruitful. For right now, though, I am just writing as much as I can or playing as much as I can so I can try to connect with folks down in Nashville. Editor's Note: This interview was edited for brevity and clarity.

POLICE BEAT + Police Reports • An underage student was found intoxicated on Ewing Street by another student. The student was transported to Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. The report was filed at 1:24 a.m. on Oct. 20 • A student communicated threats towards Wake Forest employees due to parking tickets near Alumni Hall. The report was filed at 10:50 a.m. on Oct. 21. • An unknown subject swore at a Subway employee and then left the vicinity. The report was filed at 3:02 a.m. on Oct. 23.

• Winston-Salem Police Dept. asked University Police to help address a loud party involving students occurring at Wake Place Court. The report was filed at 6:58 p.m. on Oct. 23. University Statement on Off-Campus Traffic Incident "On the way back to campus ... on Saturday night, a Wake Forest Athletics bus was involved in a traffic accident. A car driven by a Wake Forest student collided with the bus at the intersection of North Cherry St. and Reynolds Blvd. [WSPD] responded and no injuries were reported [Saturday] night. The University offered care and support for all involved[]."


Page 4 | Thursday, October 28, 2021

Old Gold & Black| News

Nowhere to go for Int’l students over break Residence Life and Housing said it won’t provide dorm space for students over break BY MINGXUAN ZHU, DEXTER PETERS & ELENA MARSH Contributing Writers

On Oct. 4, the international student newsletter pinged into email inboxes right on time. At the bottom of the email — underneath visa reminders, Chinese movie night and volunteer opportunities — students uncovered shocking information: Wake Forest will not provide housing for international students during the four-week winter break. “I’m panicking,” Ruohan Li, a senior from Beijing, China, said. “I don’t have a specific plan for what I’m going to do or where I’m going to live during the winter.” International students make up 9.2% of the undergraduate student body at Wake Forest, representing 46 different countries. Each country has its own travel regulations and quarantine periods during the continuing global pandemic. China requires a quarantine of at least 14 days in either a government-selected facility or hotel at the traveler’s own expense. Other countries, like Brazil, have opened their borders and lifted quarantine requirements for travelers. These unpredictable conditions, which demand preplanning, highlight the difficulty for international students to travel internationally now. “If I go back to my hometown, there is a quarantine policy and maybe I will have to be quarantined in the hotel for nearly a month.” Heng Zhang, a freshman from Beijing, said. He would need to return for the spring semester even before the quarantine period ends. Another freshman, Qianyue Zhang (no relation), also from Beijing, is also not able to go back home because of the quarantine policy. “The quarantine is a month, and winter break is only a month,” Qianyue Zhang said. The decision by the school is largely financial, according to university officials. The policy lets the university cut costs in ways that are not possible during the school year. “This period provides a necessary break for university staff and services,” said Zachary Blackmon, associate director of operations for Residence Life and Housing, “Additionally, the university is able to significantly reduce energy consumption during this period by setting buildings to operate at lower than usual heating setpoints.” The university declined to report on how much it costs to run the facilities during winter break. In the newsletter from early October, the International Student Scholar Services included a petition to remain on campus over break. Most students assumed this was the appeal process to live on campus during the break. “I’m confused because I thought we can stay on campus during the winter break,” Qianyue Zhang said. “And I literally don’t know how to deal with that.”

Upon seeing the link, Li was optimistic the administration was going to help international students cope with the housing issue during the winter but was puzzled. “So, I clicked it, but it was super weird, it just directed to nowhere,” Li said. “It directed me to the housing portal, but when I logged in, there was nothing. I just don’t know what to do.” Li, out of concern, emailed Residence Life and Housing on Oct. 4, the day she saw the ISSS newsletter, but RLH did not reply until Oct. 13. “Unfortunately, that was some misinformation,” Matt Clifford, the assistant vice president for campus life and dean of Residence Life and Housing, said. “Last year, we did use a request process. We are not using that process this year because we don’t have a hotel.” Li was not satisfied with the response. “They just said, ‘sorry, we won’t provide any winter housing for international students and we’re sorry for the inconvenience,’” Li said. “But actually, I wish they would provide more explanation.” Failed petition link aside, many students were entirely unaware that housing would not be provided over the break. “I didn’t notice the information,” Heng Zhang said. “It seems like our campus is not willing to provide the residency for us.” Some students are willing to pay the school in order to counteract the added cost of keeping dorms functioning. “If you really have financial problems this year, we could actually pay more just to remain here, because safety is a priority,” Li said. Qianyue Zhang also stressed the concerns of safety, finance and transportation as important factors that should have been taken into account. “Staying in a hotel or renting a house is not safe and not cheap,” she said. “And

besides, we do not have cars, so that is another big issue. We cannot go anywhere, so we have to take Uber, which is also very expensive.” Some international students can go home but are disappointed at the school for being what they called “ignorant” and “indifferent” to their COVID-19-related travel challenges. “I’m very lucky that I can go back home,” Marina Velasco, a sophomore from Lima, Peru, said. “Honestly, the fact that the school isn’t even supporting us feels very isolating.” A sense of ignorance and lack of compassion on behalf of the university is a feeling common among students. “There are a lot of things and expenses that you have to take care of,” sophomore Emy Yamamoto, from Sao Paulo, Brazil, said. “Tell us to go back or have no place to go. It’s just very inconsiderate.” Residence Life and Housing has reservations regarding leaving students on campus all break. They would not be able to house students together meaning most would be spread out on every end of campus. “They certainly would be concerned about feeling lonely, but also being spread out,” Clifford said. “That’s not ideal for them.” For many students, safety is actually the primary concern as they search for costly options to remain in WinstonSalem between semesters. “Staying on campus is the safest and the most comfortable option for me,” Heng Zhang said. “Maybe I have to go to a hotel or other ways to find my residency, and I think it is time consuming, and a little bit difficult for me.” Still new to the United States, freshmen are concerned about their safety living alone. They “have never booked a hotel before in the United States,” and

they are not sure if they can find “an appropriate Airbnb,” per Heng Zhang. Wake Forest leased rooms in the Best Western Hotel last year to devote space for quarantine and isolation. Last winter break, Wake Forest used that space to house international students with individual rooms and basic facilities. “Going into this year, knowing that we would have a highly vaccinated campus, we anticipated that the need for quarantine isolation would be much lower,” Clifford said. “So, we made the decision to discontinue the agreement with the hotel.” This eliminated the option for international students to apply for winter-break housing in the hotel, as was the case last year. Students can stay at the hotel for a “special rate” of just over $2,000 ($79 nightly) for the entire break. The money only covers the room, so international students have to pay extra for their transportation and meals. Last winter, students paid around $1,000 with meal plan options that they can choose to purchase. “I keep telling people Wake Forest is my second home, and it’s just so sad when people here don’t really care about you,” Khushi Arya, a junior from New Delhi, India, said. Arya continued: “The doors should be open, and they shouldn’t be able to just kick us out and say, ‘Well, good luck.’” Although students are troubled by the situation, the ISSS noted they are cognizant of the feelings on campus and are working with Residence Life and Housing to address the issue. The ISSS is monitoring results from an Oct. 22 survey to gauge the number of students affected. While ISSS can advocate for students based on the results, Residence and Life Housing has final say on the matter.

Aine Pierre/ Old Gold & Black

In early October, Residence Life and Housing told international students it would not br providing housing on campus to those staying over winter break, prompting outrage.


News | Old Gold & Black

Thursday, October 28, 2021 | Page 5

In Memoriam: Dr. Harold Tedford Continued from Page 1 “When you're in academia you can get into the grind and forget the passion and the love that you have for the art that you're doing,” Lucas said. “He never, ever let that go, and I think that was a really important thing about him." Tedford established the theater as a place everyone could experience, not just elite actors. He even encouraged one unlikely student to pursue acting as a career. “One particular student, a baseball player who had little interest in the theatre, was told by Harold Tedford that he should take a theatre class,” Wayne-Thomas said. “The student was hooked, and has since become an actor, a published playwright and a theatre teacher.” Tedford also taught a theater course to current theatre professor Brook Davis when she was a sophomore at Wake Forest. “[Tedford]taught my Intro to Theatre class when I was a sophomore here,” Davis said. “It was around that time that I decided to add a theatre major. Obviously, that decision changed my life. One of the biggest honors of my life was coming back and teaching Intro to Theatre in the very same classroom where I sat in his class as a student.” Tedford was dedicated to immersing his students in the world of theater. He did this by directing over 40 plays and by taking hundreds of students on trips to New York and London to learn about theatre globally. Aside from impacting the students around him, Tedford touched the lives of many current professors, including Professor Wayne-Thomas. “[Tedford] hired me for my first academic job,” Wayne-Thomas said. “I thought I’d come to Wake Forest for three years and then move on. 41 years later, I’m still here. Harold helped make this a good place to work and to collaborate.” Lucas said Tedford’s keen mind and wealth of knowledge gave her inspiration. “He was always optimistic, very positive and excited,” Lucas said. “He had information about everything. He would be able to talk to me about what's going on, he knew what we were producing and he knew so many peo-

ple. So, if I said, 'I'm looking to do this or that,' he would be able to give me tons of information. He was vibrant, not narrow-minded. I mean, his wealth of knowledge was so impressive.” Lucas said that Tedford’s role in establishing and promoting the arts throughout Wake Forest was invaluable.

Courtesy of Wake Forest University

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In 2016, as a token of Tedford’s contribution to the arts and love for those around him, donations from friends and students allowed The Main Stage Theater to be renamed “Harold Tedford Main Stage.” A celebration of Professor Tedford’s life is being planned for the spring, and an obituary can be found online.

Professor Emeritus Harold Tedford poses on the stage in Scales Fine Arts Center that now bears his name. The beloved theatre professor passed away on Oct. 20.

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“He established the arts here at Wake Forest, in my opinion, as something to be valued,” Lucas said. She continued: “Sometimes in institutions, the arts are not always valued. He was a big advocate for making sure that we had the funding and things that we needed, but also general respect and acknowledgment."

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Old Gold & Black | News

Page 6 | Thursday, October 28, 2021

Pumpkin: Halloween celebration returns Continued from Page 1

In past years, elementary school children were brought to campus to trickor-treat on Hearn Plaza during the event. Children would visit different booths designed by various student organizations. However, this year’s event will look different than those of previous years. Initially, this year’s Project Pumpkin was planned to return to campus, but it was eventually redesigned and reconfigured. “After communicating with various schools and community partners, we realized that there was still a very legitimate concern about organizing such a large-scale event in the midst of the pandemic,” Agency Plunge Chair Lauren Robertson said. “As a group, the Project Pumpkin team came together and embraced a more creative approach, reimagining this year’s event in the process.” Now, Project Pumpkin will be heading off campus on Oct. 28 to collaborate with and join Winston-Salem’s annual Fall Festival event. The citywide annual Fall Festival takes place at several different locations and invites resident families to come together to participate in fun and memorable Halloween activities and events. “Once we recognized that it may be difficult to provide an event on Wake Forest’s campus, we considered various collaborative possibilities,” Escort Chair Rebekah Lassiter said. “After many discussions, we decided to work with the Winston-Salem Recreation and Parks.” This year’s redesigned event will take place at seven different recreation centers across Winston-Salem. At each of the recreation centers, student organizations will set up booths that keep with the Halloween spirit as well as this year’s Project Pumpkin theme, “Into the Forest”. This theme is meant to educate and engage children with information about famous national parks, camping and other outdoor activities and exercises.

From their booths, the Project Pumpkin team and student volunteers will participate in trick-or-treating candy distributions to costumed children. There will also be crafts, games and activities like pumpkin carving and binocular making. Additionally, several events will be hosted at local elementary schools earlier in the day, allowing Wake Forest volunteers to bond with the students by creating Halloween artwork with them. From social media advertising to tshirt sales, community outreach to volunteer training, student organization collaboration to marketing, the Project Pumpkin leadership team worked dili-

gently to plan the event’s return this year. Specifically, the leadership team heavily concentrated on the design and fundraising aspects of the event. “We have been focusing most of our energy on fundraising and decorations to ensure that the event remains relevant to the Wake Forest campus community, even though the event is not being held on campus,” External Head Pumpkin Morgan Jacobi said. Despite this year’s event being different from those of previous years, one aspect that will remain the same is Project Pumpkin’s fundraising efforts. In addition to providing a Halloween celebration for local children, the an-

nual event serves as a fundraiser to raise money in support of the Wake Forest Freedom School. “The Freedom School provides children with the opportunity to continue their education throughout the summer with a fun and positive experience on a college campus,” Marketing Steering Chair Elyse Farrell said. “All the money we have raised through tshirt sales, our crowdfund page and our events at venues like Last Resort and Chipotle contribute to paying for books, school supplies, teachers and everything else that allows for these students to have a phenomenal summer.”

Katie Fox/ Old Gold & Black

Wake Forest students welcome children from the wider Winston-Salem community to campus in 2019 for Project Pumpkin. This year, due to COVID-19, Wake Forest will hold Project Pumpkin off-campus.

Face to Face adjusts its November event Former Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel will participate in the Face to Face event BY HANNAH ABERNETHY Staff Writer aberhe18@wfu.edu

Former Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel will join former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright on Nov. 9 at 7:30 p.m. in the Lawrence Joel Memorial Coliseum for discussion hosted by the Face to Face speaker forum. This change was announced following the death of General and former-Secretary of State Colin Powell on Oct. 18, which prompted ques-

tions about whether the event would go on as planned. “We were deeply saddened to learn about the passing of General Colin L. Powell,” Sue Henderson, the executive director of Face to Face said. “During the pandemic, Powell participated in a Face to Face virtual conversation with Former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright where they both shared their excitement about being together on Wake Forest’s campus this fall.” Prior to the event, there will be a separate Q&A session for attendees at 5 p.m. in Wait Chapel. Albright and Hagel’s conversation will proceed after a special tribute to General Powell and a recognition of veterans for their service. The tribute

was planned as part of the speaker forum’s reaction to General Powell’s passing. “General Powell led a meaningful life, and he was a gracious leader,” Henderson said. “We are so grateful for the legacy that he has left us. He was a hero and exemplar until the very end.” According to Henderson, Paul Richter, a journalist who has reported and written extensively about foreign policy and national security, will be moderating the conversation. Richter is also the parent of two Wake Forest alums. Hagel served in the Obama administration as the 24th secretary of defense. He also led critical initiatives in the American military including

those related to mental health, sexual assault and missing personnel. He made history as the only Vietnam veteran and enlisted combat veteran to serve as secretary of defense. Hagel is also known for his Defense Innovation Initiative that helped to prepare the Pentagon for future threats as well as his reforms to the Nuclear Enterprise and Military Health systems. A native of Nebraska, Hagel represented his home state in the U.S Senate from 1997 to 2009. During his tenure, he was praised for his bipartisanship. He is also the author of “America: Our Next Chapter,” which dives deep into America’s current foreign and defense policy dilemmas and offers some solutions.


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Email: Reviewing fraternities and violence Continued from Page 1

Taylor continued: “From this communication, the national headquarters informed us the local chapter was canceling the event for the weekend.” DKE has been on suspension from the university since 2018 due to multiple Code of Conduct violations. Later that year, Wake Forest University Police reported that two instances of sexual assault were reported at the DKE house, according to local news outlets. Over the weekend and during the beginning of this week, DKE sent out apology emails to sorority chapters on campus. The release of the email was staggered. For example, members of Kappa Kappa Gamma received the email early into the weekend, members of Kappa Beta Gamma received the email Monday night and members of Kappa Alpha Theta received the email on Tuesday afternoon. “First and foremost, we are terribly sorry for the email that was sent Monday,” the apology email read. “In an effort to drive interest with our rushees we used terms about women that should never be used, and we deeply regret this mistake. As most fraternities do, rush emails are saved over the years and recycled when common parties come up each year, and this email was mainly from a template that had been created years ago to describe HEAT. While this email template has been used throughout the years, it does not represent our current values nor our current beliefs about women, and we should have noticed and corrected this prior to the email.” The email continued: “It has been our goal since day one to defy the rumors about our organization and be great men that strive for equity for all, and this email goes against our current values and what we have been trying to defy for the past four years. We don’t want to create or suggest that we are an unsafe space for women, and hope that we can gain back your trust in the future. Again, we are really sorry for the lack of consideration in that email– we will continue to educate ourselves to be better citizens and allies to women.” The apology also mentioned that the email that was sent to rushees was not seen by the executive board and that disciplinary actions are in store for those who wrote and approved the email. DKE’s apology, however, has some inconsistencies. Copies of past emails about Heat obtained by the Old Gold & Black have similar verbage but did not contain the parts about sorority women losing morals and self-respect. Further, if the email had been used for five years, then every member of the fraternity would at one point have seen it and known about it, including the executive board. This is not the first time an email has landed a fraternity in hot water. Sigma Alpha Epsilon (SAE) was placed on interim suspension for a derogatory email it sent about one of its parties in 2018. “Picture this, a thousand virgins named Mary and a bunch of horny college dudes

meeting for the first time in the Garden of Eden: Dump basement,” that email read. The Old Gold & Black reported that similar emails had been sent in years prior, much like those sent by DKE. For many, DKE’s email was a harsh reminder about the dangers of fraternity culture relating to sexist violence. “The email made me feel less safe going to frats,” sophomore Christina Scott said. Frats and Violence

Looking more generally, fraternities can contribute to cultures of sexist violence on campuses. A 2007 study found that fraternity brothers are three times more likely to perpetrate rape than their non-Greek involved peers. The same study found that due to their proximity, sorority women are 74% more likely to be assaulted. These statistics are the basis of efforts to reform fraternity culture at Wake Forest and beyond. “Our office is working with all organizations to help them come up with actions they can take to build environments where all guests and members feel safe during all social situations,” Taylor said. After an August protest surrounding issues of interpersonal violence, SAE released a statement to sororities regarding their priorities surrounding issues of interpersonal violence. “With respect to concerning recent news and past atrocities resurfacing, I wanted to personally reach out and see how everyone is doing,” the statement read. “As a group,

we believe that the safety and comfort of all women on our campus is paramount, and we hope that you are all of the opinion that we practice what we preach. With that being said, the past few days have reminded us of the sobering truth that sexual abuse is present on this campus, and it is not limited to one individual, group or grade.” The statement continued: “Going forward, we will display a heightened awareness on this subject and continue to be proactive in our efforts to mitigate the possibility of a situation that would have anyone feeling unsafe, uncomfortable or in danger. If you see something of ... concern, please take it up with a trusted friend in the fraternity, no issue is too small.” SAE President Cole Kammerer told the Old Gold & Black that his fraternity wanted to put out something proactive ater the protest. “At the beginning of the school year, we recognized what was going on in the community and we wanted to put out a statement before it seemed like something we had to do rather than something we wanted to do,” Kammerer said. In the aftermath of the protest, stories from a couple of years ago about former members of Alpha Sigma Phi (ASig) who had been accused of sexual assault resurfaced on the social media site Yik Yak. ASig declined to comment on the accusations themselves but sent a statement to sororities about what they would do going forward, including a full membership re-

view and a new policy of immediate suspension of anyone with an active Title IX case, among other initiatives. “We acknowledge we must do better as a chapter in terms of how we interact with women,” this statement reads. “It is our utmost priority and responsibility to ensure the safety of everyone who attends our events.” In the statement, ASig also committed to educating its members on sexual assault and to serving only closed containers of alcohol at their functions to minimize the risk of drugged drinks. “We released the statement because we take this topic very seriously as a fraternity,” a high-level chapter executive said of the decision to send out a statement. “The changes and subsequent statements were made to ensure to the best of our ability that people feel safe and welcome at our events. We stand by our statement and hope that other organizations are also making changes to make campus a safer place for everyone.” Taylor said that his office appreciates the ways in which those two fraternities have stepped up on this issue. “We appreciate the initiative our organizations have taken to share a statement about interpersonal violence and the steps they are taking to change the culture at Wake Forest,” Taylor said. This article is part of a series on fraternities and sexual assault. Stay tuned to future editions of the Old Gold & Black for more.

Photos from anonymous sources

DKE sends similarly-worded emails about Heat every year (2019 is on the left and 2021 on the right), and that was the basis for their apology. However, language about sorority women throwing morals away seems to have been added this year.


OPINION OLD GOLD & BLACK

T H U R S D AY, O C T O B E R 2 8 , 2 0 2 1

PAG E 8

Online Editor:

at : w w w. w f u o g b . c o m

C o n n o r M c N e e l y, m c n e c b 19 @ w f u . e d u

A s s i s s ta n t E d i t o r :

Sophie Guymon, guymsm20@wfu.edu

The views expressed in all opinion columns represent those of the article’s author, not the opinions of the Old Gold & Black Editorial Board

Oval Offense

Democrats gamble on climate crisis with infrastructure The $1 trillion package doesn't do enough to transition our country to sustainable transportation BY MARYAM KHANUM Staff Columnist kahnmg20@wfu.edu

On Aug. 7, the Senate voted in an overwhelming majority to pass a $1 trillion bill that would restore much of the country’s faltering infrastructure. The bill, one of President Biden’s top domestic priorities, would only require the votes of a simple majority in the House of Representatives before the presidential administration signs it into law. $550 billion of the governmental budget is dedicated to new spending and investments while the remainder consists of previously approved funding. This level of spending could provide much-needed rehabilitation to America’s transportation and communication systems. The first aim of the bill is to supply necessary improvements to public transportation. According to the U.S. Department of Transportation, over 45,000 bridges and about 20% of large roads and highways in America are in poor condition. The bill pledges $110 billion into “roads, bridges and major infrastructure projects” with an included $4 billion designated for “bridge repair, replacement and rehabilitation.” Moreover, public transportation services will receive funds to increase public accessibility. $39 billion will be spent in an effort to modernize public transit, which would repair and upgrade transportation such as rail and bus fleets, while also making stations more accessible to elderly and disabled users. Amtrak, in particular, would benefit from a $66 billion allotment for the elimination of their maintenance backlog and the modernization of the Northeast Corridor line. Another $25 billion would be dedicated to improving airports, and $17 billion would go toward waterways and ports. In addition to all of these positive changes, the bill recognizes and attempts to remedy the fact that Black neighborhoods and communities are disproportionately separated by highway projects. The bill dedicates $1 billion toward the reconstruction of street grids in order to reconnect these communities. The bill also provides upgrades to digital access and communication in accordance with President Biden’s aim to close the digital divide present in the nation. The organization PEW Trusts estimates that 40 million people, 40% of schools and 60% of healthcare facilities outside of urban areas do not have access to broadband. The infrastructure bill would pledge $65 billion towards making broadband more accessible, showing President Biden's desire to invest in the working class and in rural areas. Furthermore, power systems will be ameliorated. $65 billion would be allocated to rebuilding the electrical grid. $55 billion would

Photo courtesy of Eric Haynes

President Joe Biden delivers a press conference for the Cancer Moonshot Intiative, an effort to use governmental resources for cancer research. go towards upgrading water systems with the intended goal of providing clean drinking water for the nation. While the infrastructure bill would assist in making crucial — and overdue — alterations to the nations’ infrastructure, it does not accomplish enough in terms of climate action. The Democrats had originally planned to pledge more than $15 billion towards electric transportation. However, these efforts to expand electric transportation were mitigated by the Republicans of Congress, many of whom seek to preserve the nation’s dependence on fossil fuels, which are large sources of revenue for the states that they represent. Even if the bill does include $150 billion worth of funding to promote clean energy and reinforce infrastructure — it does not reflect Biden’s climate change-related campaign pledges. In no way does it incorporate key aspects of Biden’s climate plan, such as the Clean Electricity Standard or Civilian Climate Corps. In the meantime, the infrastructure bill has gained immense bipartisan support, passing by a vote of 69-30. Nineteen Republican senators — including Senator Mitch McConnell, who has notoriously blocked Democrat-backed initiatives in the past — voted in favor. However, although the Democrats hold a clear majority in the House of Representatives, the House’s progressive caucus poses the largest threat to this bill. The progressives have threatened to vote down the infrastructure bill unless it is passed concurrently with Biden’s sweeping $3.5 trillion social safety plan. The progressive caucus consists of 96 representatives, including the chair, Rep. Pramila Jayapal, who stated that the majority of her caucus will block the bill if it is voted on before the social safety plan has passed through the Senate.

Essentially, House progressives have adopted a strategy of mutually assured destruction. Unless they are able to successfully increase social safety nationwide, they will refuse to give moderate Democrats this bipartisan win. While this may seem reckless — an opinion many Republican policymakers have voiced — the progressives' stand actually provides the potential to bring much-needed benefits to Americans that have been adversely impacted by the pandemic. Among the benefits offered by the $3.5 trillion package are various childcare services that aim to make education more accessible through the expansion of child tax credit. The package expands Medicare benefits and would allow the negotiation of maximum fair prices for highcost medication, such as insulin. It also invests in combating climate change to a much higher degree than the infrastructure bill, dedicating $150 billion in grants to subsidize clean energy, $13.5 billion to provide electric vehicle access to impoverished communities and $9 billion to alter the energy grid. Furthermore, the Democratic party does not need bipartisan support to pass the bill — with majorities in both houses of Congress, they would only require a simple majority for passage. As a result of the pandemic, the poverty rate in the U.S. has risen to 11.4%. Moreover, unemployment soared to 14.7% in April of last year — the worst it had been since the Great Depression. While Biden’s infrastructure bill is a step in the right direction, the fact remains that it is simply not enough. As indicated by Rep. Ocasio-Cortez, the infrastructure bill would only amount to $100 billion per year, which is the budget for New York City alone. Ultimately, the fate of Biden’s $3.5 trillion plan will reveal the dedication of the government towards the rehabilitation of our nation.


Thursday, October 28, 2021 | Page 9

Opinion | Old Gold & Black

Learning“ methods should change Education

Current methodology blurs the line between school and personal lives

Katie Fox

Photography Editor foxkg19@wfu.edu

Every day, I sit in my silly little education classes and learn about the extensive body of research exploring effective teaching methods and how students learn best. And every day I sit in my other classes wondering how the rest of my professors did not get the memo. I’ve always had really positive experiences in the education department, which I believe is because those professors have dedicated their professional lives to the study of teaching and learning. Most education professors implement these practices into their courses at Wake Forest, so why don’t other departments? We pay top-dollar to attend this renowned academic institution just to sit in seminar-style classrooms listening to droning lectures and ultimately doing the majority of our real learning outside of the classroom.

We pay top-dollar to attend this renowned academic instiution just to sit in seminar-style classrooms listening to droning lectures." It’s really frustrating to be assigned hundreds of pages of readings every week, show up to class in which professors will synthesize each reading for us and then go home to write 200-word posts and respond to our classmates in Canvas replies to simulate discussions. It makes me not want to do the readings if professors are going to give us the important takeaways anyway, and it bothers me that I have to pretend to engage with my peers for a grade when we could have utilized class time more effectively to achieve the same objectives. As a freshman, I was always so confused by the upperclassmen who never showed up to class and still got good grades, because I thought we were going to learn something new every day. I get it now — attendance is part of our grade because, otherwise, there’s often little incentive to be present for lectures on materials you’ve already taught yourself as part of the assigned homework. I understand that professors want to ensure that we’ve read the texts and learned what we were supposed to, but I feel like there’s a better solution than 300 pages of reading for a politics class,

followed by 45 minutes of explaining the author’s convoluted argument. Isn’t it our professors’ jobs to select readings that will supplement what they teach us? Sure, they might be teaching us to tackle daunting bodies of text and read for comprehension in the world of academia, but surely not every class should make students feel overwhelmed or even defeated. In reflecting on how we can improve the quality of education at Wake Forest, I keep returning to the idea that our time here is supposed to be preparing us for the "real world." That phrase means something different for everyone, especially at a liberal arts college. Grad school, Wall Street, nonprofits, government agencies, office jobs in the Midwest — there’s no telling where each student will end up and how they will use the skills they learned as an undergraduate once there. That said, I think professors could consider what their class is teaching beyond the core curriculum. We are learning the habits and ways of thinking we’ll use for the rest of our lives, and the way our courses are structured has a significant impact on how we are developing as workers. Having no boundaries between the workday and our personal lives and taking on more than we can handle is no way to live, so why do we try to do so in college? A common complaint from students I know is that every professor thinks

their class should be a top priority. Realistically, Wake Forest students have a lot more to balance than their 12-17 credits. Taking a quick glance at LinkedIn would tell you that most students are members of multiple organizations and extracurricular activities, hold jobs and internships and often maintain high academic standing to boot. Just don’t ask us how much we sleep or rely on social gatherings to help us forget how overwhelmed we are. I’m not asking professors to make classes easier per se, but my best classes have focused on meaningful content and extended grace to students in times of stress. As such, I’ve learned the most from professors who acknowledged how much is going on in the world outside of our course. Small adjustments to Wake Forest classes could help facilitate this, such as minimizing the number of textbooks necessary to purchase in addition to tuition costs. For example, many Education experts suggest homework is not the most effective gauge or reinforcer of learning. Reducing workloads by minimizing busywork at home and measuring learning in class through discussions would foster a more personal learning environment and establish a clearer boundary between students’ academic and non-academic lives.

“ basic journalistic integrity Couric lacks Journalism

The omission of Ginsburg's comments on Colin Kaepernick shows irresponsibility

Aine Pierre

News Editor pierav20@wfu.edu

If I need to determine whether I have a conflict of interest when writing a news piece, I always ask myself these two questions: one, is there any person in this story who I would feel uncomfortable proving incorrect on the record; two, if any of the people in this story say something controversial, would I feel the need to protect them from any backlash that might cause? If the answer to either question is yes, I do not write the story. Katie Couric, it seems, would do well to learn that lesson. Last week, the well-known TV host and correspondent admitted to omitting a large part of the late Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s take on anti-racism protests during the national anthem in a 2016 interview.

Omitting part of a quote from a Supreme Court justice — one of the most powerful figures in this country — because of a soft spot is inexcusable." Couric included some of Ginsburg’s original comments, in which the justice called the protests by Colin Kaepernick and those he inspired “dumb” and “disrespectful.” However, she omitted part of the interview in which Ginsburg said the protests showed a “contempt for a government that has made it possible for [the protestors’] parents and grandparents to live a decent life, which they probably could not have lived in the places they came from ... as they became older they realize that this was youthful folly. And that’s why education is important.” Ginsburg’s statements show a lack of racial awareness. It's the same trait that permeated her career on the bench. Couric herself noted in her book that she knew racial issues were a “blind spot” for Ginsburg, but she waffled over including the quote because she did not want to dampen the image of a figure she so admired.

Honestly, if Couric’s rationale were that the parts she included summed up her stance well enough and that there was no need to include the second part, that could be justifiable. It would be controversial, yes, but also justifiable. Omitting part of a quote from a Supreme Court justice — one of the most powerful figures in this country — because of a soft spot, however, is inexcusable. Principle alone is enough of a reason to suspend Katie Couric from journalistic practice for a long time, but there is more to this story. For most of U.S. history, comments from Supreme Court justices — from Justice Henry Billings Brown’s “separate but equal” in Plessy v. Ferguson to Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes’ “three generations of imbeciles are enough” (in support of eugenics) in Buck v. Bell and, of course, this doozy from Justice Roger Taney in Dred Scott v. Sanford: “We think [people of African ancestry] are not, and that they are not included, and were not intended to be included, under the word "citizens" in the Constitution, and can therefore claim none of the rights and privileges which that in-

strument provides for and secures to citizens of the United States” — have inspired anger and with it, change. It is always useful to know where the nine philosopher kings that essentially control the fate of social justice movements in modern America stand on relevant issues. Anger and pushback from the statements listed above galvanized social movements and demolished the conception that the people sitting on the nation’s highest court have our best interests at heart. When Ruth Bader Ginsburg died, only a small minority pointed out her blind spot on issues affecting Black and Indigenous People of Color (BIPOC), and instead immortalized her with the phrase “rest in power,” which is used to describe activists fighting for a better world. It helped Ginsburg’s cult of personality continue unchecked, with all the uncritical, centrist politics that come with it. Holding power to account is a key tenet of journalism. Informing the masses about those who govern them is a key tenet of journalism. Couric abandoned both of these tenets, and I am furious.


SPORTS

T H U R S D AY, O C T O B E R 2 8 , 2 0 2 1

PAG E 10

Online at: www.wfuogb.com Twitter: @sports_ogb Editors: Essex Thayer, thayse20@wfu.edu Christina DeNovio, denoca20@wfu.edu

OLD GOLD & BLACK

Wake Forest outshoots Army 70-56 At 7-0, Wake Forest is now ranked No. 13 in the country, their highest ranking since 1947 BY ESSEX THAYER Sports Editor thayse20@wfu.edu

In front of a sold-out crowd at West Point's Michie Stadium, Wake Forest engaged in an offensive shootout against Army, coming out on top 70-56. The win marks only the second time in program history in which Wake Forest has started 7-0, their first since 1944. The win also places the Demon Deacons at No. 13 in the AP Poll, their highest ranking since 1947. In the offensive battle, redshirt sophomore quarterback Sam Hartman reigned supreme, completing 23 passes for 458 yards and five touchdowns, while also adding a running score. Hartman's prolific play earned him the Walter Camp National Offensive Player of the Week award, the first time a Wake Forest player has received the honor. Hartman was also named the ACC Quarterback of the Week. On the opening drive of the game, Hartman took to the air early to counteract the stout Army defensive line. The quarterback's first two passes were completed to juniors Jaquarii Roberson and Christian Beal-Smith for 29 yards. A penalty on the second reception moved the Demon Deacons into the red zone. After several failed attempts, redshirt sophomore running back Christian Turner burst through the defensive line from three yards out for the touchdown. On their first drive, Army stuck to their bread and butter: the rushing game. Following a 39-yard completion to begin the drive, the Wake Forest defense could never regain their balance. From there, the Black Knights rushed six times to score. On third-and-six, running back Brandon Walters took the pitch from quarterback Christian

Andersen, made one cut to the inside and surged into the end zone. After a special teams mistake on the kickoff that saw the Demon Deacons start their next drive on the fiveyard line, Hartman tossed a 50-yard completion to redshirt sophomore wide receiver A.T. Perry. On third-and-six, Hartman found Roberson, who had split the two safeties, over the top for the 41-yard catch-and-run for another Wake Forest touchdown. On Army’s second drive, the Wake Forest defense found their footing, forcing them off the field in a three-andout. In turn, the Army defense stopped Wake Forest on four plays, denying the offense on fourth down. Down by seven, the Black Knights embarked on a nearly seven-minute drive consisting of 11 rushes to even the score at 14. Led by Jabari Laws and Tyheir Tyler, Army marched 55 yards on the ground. To punctuate, Jakobi Buchanan punched the ball into the end zone from three yards out. It took only four plays for the Demon Deacons to regain the lead. Following an incompletion to Perry, Hartman completed two straight passes to Roberson for 17 yards. From the Wake Forest 46-yard line, Hartman found a wide-open Perry on the right side of the field. After the cornerback fell to the ground, Perry pulled in the pass and went untouched for the score. Over the course of seven and a half minutes and 13 plays, Army slowly carved through the Wake Forest defense with rushes from Laws and Tyler. Inside Wake Forest territory, the Demon Deacons stopped Army on fourth down, only for the drive to continue because of a substitution penalty. Following the penalty, Tyler darted right through the middle of the Wake Forest defense from 24 yards out for the touchdown. On the ensuing drive, Wake Forest experienced the other side of a penalty decision. After a third down incompletion by Hartman, the drive was allowed to continue because of a

Photo courtesy of Wake Forest Athletics

Redshirt sophomore quarterback Sam Hartman had a career day for the Demon Deacons, completing 23 passes for 458 yards and five touchdowns.

pass interference penalty called against Army. After the penalty, Hartman completed four passes for 45 yards to reach the Army red zone. From there, Hartman utilized the delay option with Beal-Smith to open up space in the middle of the field, which allowed the running back to scamper for a 13-yard run touchdown. With 35 seconds left in the half, Army knelt on their first play, letting the clock run out and giving Wake Forest a sevenpoint lead going into the locker room. To begin the second half, three rushes proved vital for the Black Knights. On the first play, Tyler ran around the right edge, faked the pitch and scampered for 22 yards. On the following play, Tyler pitched the ball to Walters on the left side for a 23-yard gain that took Army into Wake Forest territory. The third big rush saw Tyrell Robinson go 19 yards to move to the 9-yard line. From there, a second Robinson rush brought Army to the goal line, where Buchanan capitalized to even the score. On the third play of the next drive for Wake Forest, Hartman waited in the pocket until the last second to find Roberson, who had once again split the Army safeties. After Roberson corralled the pass at the Army 46-yard line, he sprinted all the way to the end zone. The next drive for Army began with promise. On third down, Laws found receiver Isaiah Alston for a 29-yard completion to enter Wake Forest territory. Following a second conversion, the Wake Forest defense held strong, forcing Army to punt. Except, in punt formation, a Black Knight circled the left edge and was left wide open to receive an incoming pass for the first down. In what could’ve been a crushing play for the Demon Deacons, the complexion of the game changed in a second. At the last possible moment, cornerback Traveon Redd stepped in front of the pass and caught the ball in front of the intended receiver. Redd then turned on his heel and was gone. Eightythree yards later, he was dancing in the end zone, and the Demon Deacons were leading by more than a touchdown. With all the momentum on the Demon Deacons’ side, Army quickly responded to stay in the game. On the second play from scrimmage, running back Anthony Adkins ran straight through the middle of the Wake Forest defense for a 71-yard touchdown. In wild fashion, Wake Forest came back and scored on the following play from scrimmage. On the delay option, Hartman pulled the ball back and passed over the middle to freshman receiver Ke’Shawn Wiliams. After the catch, Williams continued for another 60 yards into the end zone. In just 47 seconds, three touchdowns had been scored. On the first five plays of the ensuing drive, Army rushed the ball. On the sixth play, Wake Forest forced an interception, but the play was called

back due to a holding penalty on senior defensive back Ja’Sir Taylor. The Black Knights capitalized on the mistake by going after Taylor yet again. On fourth-and-nine, down by 14, Laws hit Alston for a 21-yard touchdown pass that went over the head of Taylor. Leading by seven, Wake Forest embarked on a drive that relied heavily on the rush. On four runs, the Demon Deacons gained 56 yards and were down to the Army goal-line. From there, Hartman hit Roberson, who high-pointed the ball on an arching pass in the back of the end zone for the touchdown. Starting at their own 25-yard line, a 25-yard rush from Robinson moved the Black Knights to midfield. Then, four consecutive runs took the Black Knights to the Wake Forest 25. At the 25, Laws dropped back to pass for the first time on the drive. On the play, the quarterback found a fault in the Wake Forest coverage that left Robinson wide open for the touchdown. After the touchdown and now down by seven, in a game in which it seemed like the scoring wouldn’t end, Army made a decision to surprise the Demon Deacons: an onside kick. The kick was nearly recovered by the Black Knights but was punched out of bounds. Starting with good field position, Wake Forest took advantage of the missed play. Two completions from Hartman amounted to 32 yards and moved the Demon Deacons to the eight-yard line. From there, Hartman dropped back to pass. With no receivers open, he then escaped up the middle and ran untouched into the end zone. Following an Army fumble on the ensuing drive, Wake Forest put the game away with a 46-yard rushing touchdown by Justice Ellison. Despite one more touchdown by Army, the game was out of reach. Wake Forest had gone to West Point and survived a shootout. They would leave New York undefeated for a second time this season. After the game, Hartman was proud of the offensive performance, but was quick to recognize that Wake Forest has much left to play for this season. “Coach put us in great spots and the guys made plays,” Hartman said. “[I] make the throws, and it works. It's very fun. We're 7-0, but that wasn't the goal. [Our goal is] to do bigger things. We're excited for the next challenge.” Now the No. 13 team in the country, Wake Forest controls their own destiny. Winning out would see the Demon Deacons reach the ACC Championship for the first time since 2006. An undefeated record and an ACC Championship would give Wake Forest a strong resumé for the College Football Playoff. But for now, all that matters is the next step. The next challenge ahead for the Demon Deacons is a matchup with Duke at home on Oct. 30.


Sports | Old Gold & Black

Thursday, October 28, 2021 | Page 11

Celebrating 50 years of women’s sports Wake Forest finds new ways to support female athletes after 50 years of women’s sports BY CHRISTINA DENOVIO Sports Editor denoca20@wfu.edu

This year marks 50 years of women’s intercollegiate athletics at Wake Forest. As the university celebrates half a century of women in sports, organizations across the community look to commemorate the contributions of past female athletes while supporting current women’s sports teams. One way Wake Forest has already focused on uplifting diversity and inclusion is the Women’s Center, which opened in January 2013. The Women’s Center has worked to form connections across campus networks and create collaborative projects while developing signature initiatives. The Center has declared its main focus on creating sustainable, measurable programs and services that support the mission of not only the Women’s Center but also the university as a whole.

During the 2020-21 academic year, the Women’s Center was in contact with 3,348 people through 109 events, and in addition sponsored 10 student-led programs related to gender equity. In the past six years, the center has increased their location’s space and digital footprint by 300%. The Women’s Center has resources to support their current work and have made it one of their goals to expand on in the future. “The Women’s Center is proud to support our women athletes through ongoing partnership with the Student Athlete Advisory Council and our Wake for Women initiative to recognize and amplify women’s leadership on campus,” Director of Wake Forest Women’s Center Stephanie Trilling said. Current Demon Deacon athletes are doing their part to commemorate this 50-year milestone by dominating in their respective sports. On Oct. 10, tennis doubles partners senior Anna Brylin and sophomore Brooke Killingsworth made history by becoming the first Wake Forest team to win the ITA AllAmerican Doubles Championship. In soccer, Wake Forest holds a 14-3 record and opened the season with an

eight-match win streak. Most recently, the team picked up a 2-1 win against the Pittsburgh Panthers on Oct. 24 to make their ACC record 6-3. Field hockey has had a less stable season and currently holds a 7-8 record. Ranked No. 17, the Deacs performed well enough against Richmond on Oct. 24 to defeat the Spiders 4-1. Their next matchup is against ACC opponent Boston College on Oct. 29. Though it’s still the fall, the Wake Forest women’s golf team, including junior Rachel Kuehn, swept both the team and individual titles at the Ruth’s Chris Tar Heel Invite, hosted by UNC-Chapel Hill earlier this month. At the tournament, the Deacs had four players finish in the top 21 in the individual standings and shot a 17-under par 847 total. The women’s cross country team recently achieved their own success, coming in at No. 17 at the Pre-Nationals Invitational at Apalachee Regional Park. Graduate student Carolien Millenaar secured the best finish for the Deacs with a time of 20:36.5, placing No. 43 out of 246 competitors. Volleyball has had mixed results with a record of 11-10 so far, though they have

nearly a month left to improve it. Their next matchup is on Oct. 29 at Pittsburgh. With all the impressive accomplishments Wake Forest women’s athletes have made this season, it’s important to remember those who paved the way over the last half-century. “Wake Forest’s achievements in women’s athletics include 87 individual and 12 team ACC championships, three individual and three team NCAA championships and 16 ACC Players of the Year awards earned,” Director of Athletics John Currie said. “Even more impressive is the character of these women and their impactful and accomplished postgraduate careers.” Currie continued: “The past year has reinforced the value of the studentathlete experience and the power of being a part of something far greater than oneself. With the support of dedicated coaches, trustees, Deacon Club donors, faculty and administrators, five decades of Wake Forest women student-athletes have played a significant role in strengthening our nine intercollegiate teams in pursuit of our goal of a world class student-athlete experience.”

Women’s soccer triumphs over NC State, Pitt Women’s soccer gears up for ACC Tournament, which begins Oct. 31 BY CHARLES HORN Staff Writer horncs18@wfu.edu Fifty years after the introduction of women’s sports to Wake Forest, the women’s soccer team recorded two crucial ACC wins against NC State and Pittsburgh. The Demon Deacons now occupy one of the vital top-six places necessary to

secure qualification to the ACC Tournament, a feat they have not achieved since 2017. The game against NC State was a dominant affair, with Wake Forest recording three times as many total shots and more than three times as many shots on goal. Yet it was a stroke of luck that broke the scoreless deadlock, as senior Sofia Rossi slalomed through defenders before playing a ball to fellow senior Giovanna Demarco. Demarco fired a shot from outside the box that appeared to be heading for the arms of the NC State goalkeeper. In an unfortunate moment for the Wolf-

Photo courtesy of Wake Forest Athletics

Wake Forest had two key ACC wins last week. A goal from Giovanna DeMarco against NC State on Oct. 21 lifted the team to a 1-0 win.

pack, the ball instead skipped over her head to give the Deacs the lead. Wake Forest continued to dominate play — especially in the second half — with countless attacking opportunities in front of an appreciative home crowd. But it was Demarco’s goal that proved decisive, giving the Deacs a bounce-back win after a disappointing home loss to an excellent Duke. Wake Forest was without the presence of freshman Nikayla Small, who was called up as a training player to the Canadian national team’s Olympic celebration tour. Small has been involved with the Canadian national team program since u15s, and was named the 2019 Best Canadian Youth Player. Small missed the NC State game, along with Wake Forest’s next test, a must-win away match against Pittsburgh. Here, it was the Deacons who were initially unlucky, as a deflected shot from the Panthers seemed destined for sophomore Kaitlyn Parks’ net. With an incredible backward dive, Parks was able to tip the ball away from the net, but only so far as the crossbar, where it then fell into the path of Pitt’s Amanda West, who placed it into the empty net. The two teams traded opportunities, with sophomore Sophie Faircloth’s freekick cannoning off the crossbar right around the halfway point of the half. Ultimately, Wake Forest proved unable to equalize before halftime, entering the break trailing in a hugely important match for the team’s ACC tournament hopes. The Deacs came out flying in the second half, with Faircloth winning a penalty just moments after the restart. Rossi lined up to take it, powering the ball to the goalkeeper’s right. Yet Pittsburgh’s

senior goalkeeper Katherine Robinson came up with an immense save, leaping to the corner and parrying the ball away. Rather than hang their heads, the Deacs continued to pressure deep into the Pittsburgh half. Minutes later, grad-transfer Jennifer Mehta was felled by a clumsy Pitt challenge, winning the Deacs their second penalty in just five minutes. This time, it was Hulda Arnarsdottir who stepped up, slamming the ball into the roof of the net to level the score. Arnarsdottir capped off perhaps the most important two minutes of her Wake Forest career when the Deacs won possession immediately after. An excellent through ball found Arnarsdottir in space. The Icelandic attacker cut in and then out, firing a shot with her left foot that deflected off the crossbar directly to the foot of senior Shayla Smart. Smart collectedly placed the ball into the vacant net, resulting in her 10th goal of the season and a lead for the Deacs. The scoring slowed down, but the action did not as both teams traded shots and opportunities in a hectic second half. Wake Forest goalkeeper Parks was again the hero, coming from seemingly nowhere to deny Pitt a late equalizer. The sophomore has recorded eight shutouts so far, a pace that must be maintained if the Deacs have aspirations of major tournament upsets. Wake Forest enters the final match of the regular season tied with their opponents, Notre Dame, for fourth in the ACC. Defeating the Irish at home this Thursday is vital to secure home-field advantage in the first round of the tournament. The top six ACC teams qualify for the tournament, with seeds 3-6 playing a preliminary round which kicks off on Oct. 31.


Page 12| Thursday, October 28, 2021

Old Gold & Black | Sports

Previewing the bottom half of ACC basketball Though improving since last year, Wake Forest still represents the back-end of the ACC BY CHRISTIAN ODJAKJIAN Staff Writer odjact18@wfu.edu

15. Boston College Jim Christian is out and Earl Grant is in as head coach for the Eagles, but that switch won’t keep this team from being the worst in the ACC. Arguably, the four best players in the program from last year (Wynston Tabbs, Jay Heath, C.J. Felder and Rich Kelly) all are no longer with the team. Boston College is now led by Makai Ashton-Langford, the only returning starter, and guard Brevin Galloway, who followed his coach from the College of Charleston up to Boston. Anything other than a bottom-two ACC finish would be a win for this struggling program. 14. Pittsburgh Jeff Capel’s Panthers lost 51.8 PPG of scoring from last season, including First Team All-ACC selection Justin Champagnie. Xavier Johnson and Au’Diese Toney are two other key starters from last year’s team that have moved on. Nike Sibande is an intriguing player who will look to build off his strong end

to last year’s campaign, and Jamarius Burton will be an instant impact transfer from Texas Tech. This team is too inexperienced and devoid of talent compared to the rest of the conference to win more than a few ACC games. 13. Wake Forest The Deacs have a chance to be much more competitive in year two under Steve Forbes, but a lot will be asked of their young talent and transfers. The Forbes rebuild is promising, but expectations still need to be tempered. This roster boasts more three-point shooting and depth than those of recent years, and if the players buy into the Forbes culture, this team can be competitive. If Wake places 11th or better in the conference, it should be considered a great step in the right direction. Look for Davien Williamson, Indiana State transfer Jake LaRavia and Oklahoma transfer Alondes Williams to lead the way for this group. 12. Miami Miami has fallen off a bit in recent years, but it’s never a good idea to count out a team coached by Jim Larranaga. It will be an uphill climb for this team to make noise in the ACC with the losses of Chris Lykes, Elijah Olaniyi, Earl Timberlake and Nysier Brooks. The Hur-

ricanes do boast a strong backcourt led by Isaiah Wong, who should be an AllConference caliber player. Other key pieces include veteran guard Kameron McGusty and DePaul transfer Charlie Moore. This team could very well be potent offensively, but defense will likely be a struggle. 11. Georgia Tech The Yellow Jackets put together an impressive run in March, winning the ACC tournament and making the NCAA Tournament as a No. 9 seed. ACC player of the year Moses Wright tested positive for COVID-19 and wasn’t able to play in their first-round loss against Loyola Chicago. Both Wright and tough-asnails point guard Jose Alvorado have moved on to play professionally. The experienced wing trio of Michael Devoe, Jordan Usher and Bubba Parham are all back and provide some continuity for this team. Watch out for Dallan Coleman, a talented incoming freshman who should provide offensive firepower. Still, a return to the NCAA tournament this season might be too much to ask of Josh Pastner’s squad. 10. Syracuse It’s always hard to doubt a Jim Boeheim-coached team. The family business is booming up in New York

— not only is leading scorer and lightsout shooter Buddy Boeheim returning, but his brother Jimmy is transferring in from Cornell. Joseph Girard is back and should be Buddy’s sidekick, and veteran shooter Cole Swider comes from Villanova. However, this team loses a lot of their defensive capabilities with the departures of Marek Dolezaj, Quincy Guerrier and Kardary Richmond. The 2-3 zone and the two Boeheim’s will keep this team in contention, but the Orange will likely fall on the wrong side of the bubble this time around. 9. Clemson The Tigers suffered one big loss in Aamir Simms, a gritty interior player who served as an anchor on both sides of the court. The strength of this team will be their backcourt, which boasts veteran returnees in Al-Amir Dawes, Nick Honor and Hunter Tyson. A sneaky addition to this squad is guard David Collins, a fifth-year transfer student from South Florida who has scored in double figures in four straight seasons. Another graduate transfer, Naz Bohannon from Youngstown State, earned All-Horizon League honors last year. For Clemson to be a real force in the conference, they’ll need a frontcourt presence to emerge, and sophomore P.J. Hall could lead the charge.

Recapping Week 8 of college football Pittsburgh takes down a Clemson team that has fallen from the rankings BY JAKE STUART Staff Writer stuaja20@wfu.edu If you told me Wake Forest would put up 70 points on just over 17 minutes of possession I would’ve called you nuts. That was the type of week it was, though, in college football. Headlined by six touchdowns of at least 40 yards on Army’s home turf, and the first Demon Deacon 7-0 start since 1944, this week’s action saw all kinds of history being made. This game turned out to be the highest-scoring game ever for both schools. Illinois 20, No. 7 Penn State 18 In the first nine overtime game in the history of college football, unranked Illinois outlasted No. 7 Penn State. The fighting Illini survived despite losing their starting quarterback and running back to injury. In the defensive battle, points were tough to come by. Penn State struck first with a 42-yard touchdown from Sean Clifford to KeAndre Lambert-Smith to end the first quarter. The 24.5 point favorites added a field goal before Illinois halfback Chase Brown rushed in for a one-yard score to cut the deficit to three. The sophomore from London, Ontario averaged 6.7 yards per carry on 33 attempts. He finished with 222 yards and a touchdown, while his counterpart — freshman phe-

nom Josh McCray — notched 142 yards on 24 carries. The Nittany Lions kept their upset hopes alive on a drive that spanned seven minutes and tied the game up at 10. The defenses for both teams were strong all game — Illinois quarterback Artur Sitkowski threw for just 38 yards with a QBR of 20.7, while Clifford registered a measly 17.8. Overtime was no cakewalk, either. Needing just a two-point conversion to come out on top, the two teams traded field goals in the first two overtimes. Illinois and Penn State combined to miss 10 consecutive two-point attempts in overtime before Peters found Casey Washington for his first catch of the game — and the biggest of his life — which provided Illinois with the edge in overtime number nine. No. 10 Oregon 34, UCLA 31 Speaking of history, how about four consecutive carries for touchdowns? Oregon running back Travis Dye became the first running back to do just that, as the Ducks eked out a three-point win over unranked UCLA to keep their playoff hopes alive. The Bruins capitalized off a pair of touchdowns in the first quarter, one through the air and one on the ground. Oregon answered with touchdowns on consecutive drives to tie the game up at 14. They continued their comeback, scoring on five of their next six drives to make the score 34-17 in the fourth quarter. The game was far from over, though. UCLA quarterback Dorian ThompsonRobinson — with 14 touchdowns and

just three interceptions on the season — responded with a rushing touchdown. The Bruins cut the deficit to a field goal after Brittian Brown rushed in for a score. UCLA had an opportunity to send the game into overtime following a late interception, but threw one of their own with just 48 seconds left. The Ducks defense forced four turnovers and had four sacks in the game while allowing just 2.4 yards per carry. It was their fourth win by seven or fewer points this season. Iowa State 24, No. 8 Oklahoma State 21 Iowa State rallied to upset No. 8 Oklahoma State, ending their eight-game winning streak. The two teams exchanged blows throughout the game, with the Cowboys striking first when Spencer Sanders tossed a five-yard touchdown — one of three on the night — to Brennan Presley. The duo connected once again in the second quarter to regain the lead following an Iowa State score. Cyclones quarterback Brock Purdy led the team to a 10-0 third-quarter run that provided a 17-14 lead. He would finish with 307 yards and two touchdowns. Oklahoma State retook the lead midway through the fourth quarter off a 25yard strike, making the score 21-17. The Cowboys appeared poised to continue their undefeated season and move closer to their first-ever College Football Playoff appearance. However, Iowa State and running back Breece Hall capped an 85-yard drive with a late score to change the tide. The Cyclones relied on their defense to close out

the game. They made two key stops in the final five minutes. Iowa State head coach Matt Campbell has now defeated every Big 12 team at home and on the road, picking up his 10th career win against ranked opponents. The Cyclones have now won nine consecutive Big 12 games. No. 23 Pittsburgh 27, Clemson 17 In an all-important game for the ACC, Clemson suffered its worst loss since 2014. The implications were vital for both teams: Pittsburgh moved even closer in their chase of Wake Forest, proving in the process that Clemson isn’t the top dog that they once were. Panthers quarterback Kenny Pickett continued his Heisman-esque run, throwing for 303 yards and two touchdowns against a premier Tigers defense. The star senior passed for just eight yards in a 2018 ACC title loss to Clemson, but didn’t make the same mistakes this time around. His 879 career completions are a school record, and he is within one touchdown of Dan Marino’s school record as well. The Tigers struck first on a rushing score from Phil Mafah to close out the first quarter. Pittsburgh responded with a 27-3 run that included a 53-yard pick-six off Clemson quarterback D.J. Uiagalelei. The preseason Heisman favorite completed 12 of his 25 passes for a measly 128 yards and two interceptions. He also lost a fumble. Pittsburgh — now 6-1 and undefeated in the Atlantic Coastal Conference — has cemented itself as a premier threat in the nation led by a decisive and talented quarterback in Pickett.


Sports | Old Gold & Black

Thursday, October 28, 2021 | Page 13

Braves and Astros to play in World Series Houston defeats Boston while Atlanta takes down Los Angeles to earn spots in the World Series BY JOHN KIMBALL Staff Writer kimbjr20@wfu.edu

The MLB 2021 World Series matchup is set, as the Houston Astros will take on the Atlanta Braves in the 117th Fall Classic. In six games, the Astros defeated the Boston Red Sox. The Braves finished off the preseason World Series favorites, the Los Angeles Dodgers, in six games as well. This matchup is somewhat surprising, because, as the regular season progressed, neither team seemed to be the most dominant in their respective leagues. Nevertheless, both teams got hot at the right time of the year and find themselves with the chance to win it all. Let’s start with the American League champion Houston Astros, who are no stranger to the Fall Classic. The Astros have reached the World Series three times in the past five seasons, and were crowned world champions in 2017. After finishing the regular season 9567 atop the AL West, the Astros finished off the Chicago White Sox three games to one in the best-of-five ALDS. The Astros continued on to the ALCS and beat Boston four games to two in the best-of-seven series.

The Astros are led by second-baseman and former AL MVP, Jose Altuvé. Altuvé, along with Carlos Correa, Alex Bregman, Yuli Gurriel, Yordan Álvarez, Michael Brantley and Kyle Tucker, make up the core of the Astros lineup. Álvarez has shined this postseason, putting up a .441 batting average to go along with two home runs and nine runs batted in. Álvarez’s performances in the later games of the ALCS helped the Astros win, despite the team’s offensive slump. The Astros also boast the AL regular season batting champion in Gurriel, who has continued to be productive in the playoffs. Dusty Baker, the 72-yearold manager at the helm of the Astros, hopes to have a better outcome in this World Series than that of his last appearance, which came with the San Francisco Giants in 2002. The Astros are only a few years removed from a cheating scandal that rocked the baseball world. Throughout the 2017 season, the Astros used an intricate system that involved technology and garbage cans to steal opposing pitchers’ signs. Managers and players were implicated in the sign-stealing scheme, leading to the firing and suspensions of manager A.J. Hinch and bench coach Alex Cora (now the Boston Red Sox manager). General Manager Jeff Luhnow was also fired and suspended, despite his claims that he played no part in the cheating. The sign-stealing scheme has

subjected the Astros to a lot of animosity from opposing teams and fans. The National League champion Atlanta Braves held the worst regular-season record among all the playoff qualifiers (88-73), yet they’ve found themselves four games away from winning a championship. The last time the Braves appeared in the World Series was in 1999, and the last time they won it all was in 1995. The Braves beat the Milwaukee Brewers three games to one in the ALDS and defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers four games to two to continue their amazing postseason run. The Braves were betting underdogs to both the Dodgers and Brewers and overcame those odds in impressive fashion. Despite losing star outfielder Ronald Acuña Jr. for the majority of the regular season and the entirety of the postseason, multiple Braves players have stepped up to fill the offensive void left by his absence. The Braves lineup features 2020’s National League Most Valuable Player in first baseman Freddie Freeman. The rest of the lineup is rounded out by Joc Pederson, Eddie Rosario, Austin Riley and Ozzie Albies. This postseason, Rosario has been the most impressive player for the Braves, hitting .474 with three home runs and 11 runs batted in. The Braves’ manager is Brian Snitker, who has led his Braves squads to four-straight NL East Division titles.

The series will be decided by each team’s pitching staff and their consistency. The Astros’ starting pitching staff struggled in the ALCS against Boston, as they combined for 14 runs earned in just 7.33 innings of work through games 1-4. Luckily, the Astros’ bullpen was stout and quieted the Boston batters for the remainder of the series. The Astros’ starting pitching lineup of Framber Valdez, Luis Garcia, Jose Urquidy and Zack Grienke will have to tighten up if they want to have a better chance of winning. They cannot expect the bullpen to repeatedly bail them out against the Braves. Starting pitcher Lance McCullers Jr. likely won’t play in the series, though, as he continues to recover from injury. As such, the Astros will need performances similar to what they got in games five and six from Valdez and Garcia. The Braves pitchers will have their hands full with an Astros offense that has been on fire all year. It will be up to starting pitchers Charlie Morton, Max Fried and Ian Anderson to limit their offense, which scored 20 more runs than the Braves have during this postseason despite playing the same number of games. The 2021 World Series is sure to see the majority of baseball fans rooting for the underdog Braves. However, I don’t see the Braves winning the series. The Astros should be able to finish off the Braves in six games.

Raiders head coach Gruden steps down Wall Street Journal exposes offensive emails written by NFL head coach BY AARON NATALINE Contributing Writer nataae21@wfu.edu

Following the exposure of a series of obscene emails, Jon Gruden has resigned from his position as head coach of the Las Vegas Raiders. The team had been in the midst of an impressive opening to the 2021 season — starting 3-0 for the first time since 2002 — when Gruden’s first controversial emails came to light on Oct. 8. As reported by the Wall Street Journal, Gruden used a racist trope in an attempt to express frustration with the executive director of the National Football League Players Association (NFLPA), DeMaurice Smith in 2011. “Dumboriss Smith has lips the size of Michelin tires,” Gruden wrote to Bruce Allen, who was the president of the team now known as the Washington Football Team. The investigation of the Washington Football Team that began last summer unearthed Gruden’s comments. Upon its publication, Gruden’s email and racial stereotyping enraged the general public. Even with a decade distancing Gruden from this insensitive remark,

the email necessitated an explanation as fans questioned whether or not he deserved to represent the football team going forward. Gruden claimed that he has always referred to people as “rubber lipped” if he felt they were prone to spinning lies. He explained that he felt Smith was being facetious during negotiations between the league and the NFLPA when he made the comment in 2011. He also acknowledged that the comment was inappropriate. “I used a horrible way of explaining it,” Gruden admitted in a press conference. “I don’t think he’s dumb. I don’t think he’s a liar. I don’t have a racist bone in my body, and I’ve proven that for 58 years.” In response, Smith stated: “Racism like this comes from the fact that I’m at the same table as they are and they don’t think someone who looks like me belongs.” DeMaurice Smith still serves as executive director of the NFLPA, giving his public statement all the more weight. He didn’t accept Gruden’s explanation. In fact, it would be naïve to say many people affiliated with the league did. Nevertheless, Jon Gruden was still on the sidelines of Allegiant Stadium on Oct. 10 to coach his team against the Chicago Bears. The Raiders went on to lose in disappointing fashion, not finding the end zone until the fourth quarter. The 20-9 defeat brought their record

down to 3-2 and convinced fans that their team seemed distracted. As of that day, the entire league was keeping a close eye on the organization. The Raiders’ front office had still not handed down any punishment upon the head coach. Soon thereafter, a slew — seven years worth — of other heinous emails were exposed. On Monday, Oct. 11, the investigation that had discovered Gruden’s first degrading comment about Smith brought numerous emails sent by the coach between 2011 and 2018 to the league’s attention. In those emails, Gruden had used homophobic slurs to describe NFL commissioner Roger Goodell on multiple instances. In a 2014 emailed Gruden stated that the commissioner had somehow coerced Jeff Fisher, then coach of the St. Louis Rams, into drafting Michael Sam, who had become the first openly gay player to reach the NFL. Gruden also referred to gay players as “queers.” While he was the first to be drafted, Michael Sam would not be the first openly gay player to make an active NFL roster. Carl Nassib would be that player. He currently plays for the Las Vegas Raiders, formerly under Jon Gruden. In other emails, Gruden criticized the introduction of female referees, a progressive step the NFL took in 2015.

Gruden’s demeaning attitude toward women presents itself in other emails as well. He had, on more than one occasion, been included in an email chain that shared pictures of topless women. One such email included two Washington Football Team cheerleaders. Compounded with the first email and its use of a racist trope, these new reports of Gruden’s derogatory behavior throughout the last decade put critical pressure on the Raiders ownership to dismiss their coach. However, Gruden himself stepped down on the same Monday that the rest of the emails were released. The official social media account of the Raiders shared Gruden’s resignation announcement: “I have resigned as Head Coach of the Las Vegas Raiders. I love the Raiders and do not want to be a distraction. Thank you to all the players, coaches, staff, and fans of Raider Nation. I’m sorry, I never meant to hurt anyone.” Thus, the Gruden era ends just four years into the 10-year contract the coach had originally signed with the Raiders. Inheriting the team is the assistant head coach, Rich Bisaccia, who has been employed by the Raiders since 2018. Since becoming interim head coach, Bisaccia has led his squad to two decisive wins over the Broncos and Eagles. The Raiders enjoy a bye during Week 8 and will next test their resilience against the Giants on Nov. 7.


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OLD GOLD & BLACK

Literature | "When Breath Becomes Air"

Exploring the intricacies of "When Breath Becomes Air" Paul Kalanihthi shares his thought-provoking journey navigating a terminal illness BY ELISABETH KUGURU Contributing Writer kuguea19@wfu.edu

In the novel "When Breath Becomes Air", author and neurosurgeon Paul Kalanithi weaves together a beautiful and touching story. I would recommend "When Breath Becomes Air" to anyone looking for a short read or thinking of going into the medical field. Even though the reader learns about Kalanithi's inevitable death in the foreword, following his journey as a bright-eyed medical student and his eventual battle with the same cancer that he worked to cure was still powerful and inspiring. Kalanithi's education was enshrouded in medicine. Yet, he was able to take a philosophical and almost poetic look at his own disease as he grappled with his mortality. Facing death, he wrote honestly, "I plod, I ponder. Some

days, I simply persist." At the prime age of 37, Kalanithi died just as he was finishing his residency and, more importantly, right before his daughter's first birthday. Although this novel ends with his death, at its core it highlights and celebrates Kalanithi's life. Paul Kalanithi expertly recounts his experience, revealing a different side to the medical profession that many people would not otherwise be able to see. I enjoyed how he delved into different bioethical issues, seeing as how he struggled with how to tell his patients about life-threatening prognostics. He also had decided what kind of life was worth living. Kalanithi wrestled with his own guilt when he had saved a life, only for that individual to live in a relatively vegetative state. I think Kalanithi was able to open my eyes to many of the moral dilemmas that plague the minds of physicians that patients often fail to see. As such, the transition that Kalanithi was forced to make from successful neurosurgeon to patient was heartbreaking. Just as he was reaching a peak in his career, he was struck by the same cancer that he had, time and time again, seen in his own patients. He

knew exactly what his scans meant, and knew he was facing death just like so many of his own patients were. My biggest caveat with this book is that Kalanithi, at times, seemed to use philosophical language excessively. His language was oftentimes lyrical but sometimes teetered on the edge of redundancy. However, his willingness to delve deep into his own humanity led to thoughtprovoking quotes like, "Death comes for all of us. For us, for our patients: it is our fate as living, breathing, metabolizing organisms. Most lives are lived with passivity toward death — it's something that happens to you and those around you." "Our patients' lives and identities may be in our hands, yet death always wins." He continues: "Even if you are perfect, the world isn't. The secret is to know that the deck is stacked, that you will lose, that your hands or judgment will slip, and yet still struggle to win for your patients. You can't ever reach perfection, but you can believe in an asymptote toward which you are ceaselessly striving." I think Kalanithi's life reminds us of the importance of living in the moment and under-

standing that suffering is just another aspect of life. He emphasized striving until the last breath, and I think he did just that.

Photo courtesy of goodreads

Kalanithi navigates the philosophical dilemmas of the medical profession.

Halloween | Culture & Tradition

Exploring the history and culture of Halloween The celebration of Halloween has a long history for many different cultures BY LAUREN CARPENTER Contributing Writer carple21@wfu.edu

Halloween is full of rich historical traditions and is celebrated in many different ways around the world. Halloween’s origins began in Ireland, with early Celtic celebrations that took place over 2,000 years ago in ancient Europe. Over time, the Celts’ superstitions that honored both the harvest of Oct. 31 and the blurred boundary between life and death were transformed by the rise of the Roman Empire. In time, Halloween became the widely recognized “All Saints’ Day”, and Catholicism converted the eve of Oct. 31 from what they considered to be ungodly Celtic superstitions to a day for honoring the dead. Though their intentions were different, these early European celebrations often shared similar attributes. Groups marched in parades, dressed in extravagant costumes (though these ones could not be bought at Spirit Halloween — they were typically made from animal remnants) and created massive bonfires for celebration. These rituals created the first inklings of Halloween as we recognize it today — with themes of death, dressing up and connecting with the dead.

In America, Halloween became more of a celebration rather than a religious day to honor the dead. People found that celebrating Halloween was an excuse to gather with neighbors and speculate about the boundaries between life and death — a topic that was not widely explored at the time. By the 1920s, Halloween in America was seen as an eventful night meant for wreaking havoc and entertaining scary stories, myths and legends. Without overbearing religious consequences, people were able to indulge in theories of the supernatural, giving Halloween its full-fledged reputation of fear and horror. With mass industrialization, Halloween in the late 1900s and early 2000s became widely popularized and was transformed into a huge economic success in America. Combining the many cultures that exist in America resulted in Halloween becoming widely accepted as non-religious, and therefore it is today based on commonly accepted themes of horror, tricks, and death.

Photo courtesy of IMDB

The commercialization of Halloween grows through media and products.

This year, Americans are predicted to spend nearly $3 billion on candy, and $3.32 billion on costumes. Halloween stores are able to thrive year-round due to their influx of customers in October. Most religions are indifferent toward Halloween celebrations. As a result, most American families have their children in costume and their candy bowl by the front door on the night of Oct. 31. Halloween in America is no longer just a fun night to celebrate horror, but a massive, commercialized industry. The night of Oct. 31 is more widely celebrated today than ever before. This does not only hold true in America. Several other cultures have their own unique versions of the holiday, each honoring historical values. In Latin America, “Día de los Muertos”, (The Day of the Dead), is a beautiful three-day celebration that serves to connect with and honor the dead. Many families create altars for deceased family members, decorating them with photos, flowers, candy and artwork. Parades are the main characteristic of Día de los Muertos, with colorful clothing and skull face-paint being the most common attire. After finishing parades, families will often celebrate further with sugar skulls and Oaxacan hot chocolate. This celebration of Halloween champions both Celtic superstitions and the Roman Empire’s “All Saints’ Day”, with the goal being to honor the dead and bridge the barrier between life and death. “Samhain” is what the Irish call the day of Oct. 31, and though the holiday originated in Ireland, today, it is still largely celebrated

without Celtic traditions. Barnbrack, a traditional Irish food, is eaten in Ireland on Samhain. Barnbrack consists of a wrapped present baked inside of a cake, which is said to determine the future. If a ring is found, it means marriage is in the future. If a coin is found, it means that a prosperous year is coming. If a thimble is found, it means that said marriage will fail. The history of the Jack-o-lantern also originates from Ireland — the Celts needed light to find their way home after their bonfires and carved into pumpkins to create a light source. Samhain is full of many lighthearted Irish traditions that celebrate fortune-telling, distinctly Irish foods. In Cambodia, “Pchum Ben” is celebrated similarly to “Día de los Muertos” to honor deceased family members. It is a 15-day religious festival that Buddhists throw where they pay respects to their ancestors by honoring them with offerings of sweet, sticky rice and beans wrapped in banana leaves at temples. “Pchum Ben” is considered unique to Cambodia, with its several traditions honoring specific aspects of their distinct religion. Halloween has developed over the years to become the beloved holiday that we recognize today. The cultures that shine through different celebrations of Halloween represent the unique perspectives that stem from all over the world and continue to create new traditions. These beautiful interpretations of Halloween are full of culture, belief and value, all of which continue to serve as an excuse for a celebratory night full of excitement and horror.


Life | Old Gold & Black

Thursday, October 28, 2021 | Page 15

TV |"Succession"

Hit show "Succession" returns to HBO Season three is now on HBO, feautring the same cast of morally reprehensible characters BY CONOR METZGER Staff Writer metzcr19@wfu.edu One of America’s top shows is back! “Succession” returned recently for its third season, and the quality of the show is even better after a nearly two-year long hiatus. Critically acclaimed and a favorite among audiences, “Succession" offers a look at the dysfunction within the uber-wealthy Roy family as the children of patriarch, Logan Roy, all vie for power in a show that can be described as a psychological study. This is what makes “Succession'' such a rich show. As I watch, I feel like I’m reading the latest research article on some new psych subject about power or conformity. It’s also almost like reading an act of “Hamlet” or “Julius Caesar”, given the backstabbing and political intrigue, which give the show an emotional human aspect. The human aspect really makes “Succession” stand out. As audiences observe a family that spends its time in high rise office buildings, European Castles and yachts the size of neighborhoods,

we are still able to recognize the ever-present humanity in the characters. A striking example of this occurs in a storyline in the first season, as son Kendal Roy attempts to pass a vote of no confidence towards his dad, the CEO and chairman of the Waystar-Royco company — a conglomerate that I imagine Disney and Fox News would resemble if they merged into one entity. Kendal, portrayed in a brilliant performance by Jeremy Strong, rationalizes his decision constantly by claiming that his father is sick and better off stepping down from his position. What a viewer actually sees, however, is a man who wants the power that comes from holding a company so large, that the ears of world leaders and practically the whole U.S. economy are in his hand. So, why do audiences tune in every week to watch an entitled rich kid who ends up killing someone in a drunk driving accident, only for his father to cover it up? The same reason we clamor to read or watch the Prince of Denmark grow crazy and commit murder, or to get political, the same reason why we're all interested in seeing what Donald Trump does next. Because, while we may not be able to necessarily identify with them or feel compassion for the characters, we are able to recognize the psychological principles that govern human emotion: revenge, vanity and ego.

Another example of this is the famous “Boar on The Floor” sequence from season two, episode three of “Succession”, where Logan commands three employees — two of which are high level executives -— to clamor on the floor for a sausage while oinking like pigs. While this is happening, the rest of the room (also members of the higherclass) screech and yell, suffering from the influence of herd mentality. Logan commands the room to behave in this way, as his unimaginable influence and power bend the will of others and get them to do things that they would never otherwise conceive of doing. A viewer must wonder if they too would oink if told to do so by Logan. Would they cheer as their friends embarrass themselves by wrestling on the floor for a sausage? We’re constantly thinking about these questions, and that is why we tune in to watch this family slowly destroy themselves, continuing to think only of themselves — never considering how their actions affect others. In truth, we may find ourselves identifying with them in our own horrible tendencies. This leads me to the final example that I want to mention because I think it highlights the human psyche on display in “Succession”. A continuous story arc in the series is the concealment of murder and sexual violence toward young, female perform-

ers in Waystar-Royco’s cruise division. Multiple members of the family are involved in this, and they defend their actions by saying that the workers were, “no RPI.” This is the term they use, “RPI.” By saying "no RPI", what they are saying is, “no Real Person Involved.” The Roy family, members of the ultra-high class, clearly consider themselves more real than the minority workers who were hurt, assaulted or even killed while working for the family. I do not have to stress how horrible this is. Why, then, despite knowing this, do hundreds of thousands of people tune in every week? Maybe it’s because we want to uncover the psychology of the family. Maybe it’s because we're hoping to see the downfall of these horrible people. Honestly, though, it’s probably because I am just enthralled by the complexity of the characters and because, even as I watch them do reprehensible things, I still find myself picking my favorite character in the hopes they will take over the company (mine’s Kendal). Whatever your reasoning is, I highly recommend you check out “Succession” on HBO. It is not a show that simply seeks to entertain — it also offers a critique of the modern capitalist society and the effect it can have on both community and individual psychology.

Music|Mac Miller

Exploring the release of Mac Miller's album, "Faces" Miller’s 2014 mixtape, “Faces”, is a hauntingly beautiful twentyfour track long project BY FINNEGAN SIEMION Contributing Writer siemfj21@wfu.edu Seven years after the original independent release, Mac Miller’s 2014 mixtape, “Faces”, has officially been re-released on streaming services. Confronting issues of drug abuse, toxic relationships and his meteoric rise to fame, Miller’s theme of introspection on this project shines through, resonating with many of his listeners. Emerging onto the scene as an 18-year old up-and-coming rapper, it wasn’t long before Mac Miller began accumulating recognition. His debut studio album, “Blue Slide Park” (2011), became the first independently distributed album to top the Billboard 200 charts since 1995. Having been signed to Rostrum records since 2010, he continued a promising &

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upwards trajectory of potential with each new record. Upon releasing his second studio album, “Watching Movies With The Sound Off” (2013), Miller shifted his sound from an upbeat party-style rap into a more focused and substantial brand of hip-hop. His second studsio release gave him greater recognition in the hip hop industry, contrary to the skepticism received from his first release. After touring with Lil Wayne that year, Miller returned to his California home with the opportunity to create for the first time in several months. Entering a period of seclusion, Miller transformed his pool house into a full-time studio, including a complete set of instruments, designated sleeping areas and even a shower. His studio became his living space for the foreseeable future. Obtaining the name “The Red Room”, the studio was an open space for fellow up-and-coming artists in the So-Cal area. Frequent collaborators included credited rappers and producers alike, such as Earl Sweatshirt, Vince Staples, Thundercat and Ab-Soul. The free-flowing, drug-induced and in-

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trospective sphere of “The Red Room” became a vital aspect of the creation of “Faces”. Mac Miller dove further into his interest of producing that he had slowly been building upon over the prior years. Using the alias “Larry Fisherman”, he began creatomg music with the sound of a true hip-hop producer. Simple layered drum beats, various uncanny samples, raw basslines and organ chord progressions combined to create a new tone for the evolving artist. His verses became more, rhyme-heavy, philosophical and introspective. Miller often questions the purpose of what he does and why we, as a society, act in certain ways. Inspirations for his new sound could be linked to fellow collaborator Earl Sweatshirt, as well as the underground hip-hop legend MF DOOM. Miller begins the project with the track “Inside Out”, in which he instantly confronts his drug addiction, saying, “I shoulda died already.” Layering an upbeat horn sample with various symbols and vocal injections, the project is introduced with a sense of hopefulness intertwined with struggle and depression. He continues the retrospective narrative of retrospection on

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the track “Here We Go”, looking back on what he’s done to get to where he’s at. A highlight of the project comes on the third track, “Friends”, where Mac uses a clever Miles Davis sample, performing a set of verses that asserts himself as an established rapper in the world of hip-hop. A standout line appears on track four “Malibu” — “Kill me now if I did it all for hip-hop, I might die before I detox.” A shocking line that foretells Miller’s tragic future, he admits to himself the true detriment of his drug habits. Later, on the same track, he mentions, “Triple the problems, double the money … I started (messing) with drugs now I’m a junkie.” Further reflection on the harmful side effects of a sudden rise to fame, highlighting the detriment that comes with a rapidly increased flow of income. While there is too much to discuss in an abrupt review, Mac Miller’s “Faces'' mixtape is praised for being one of the purest records released by the artist. The project’s substance leaves little to be desired, with each listen uncovering hidden aspects. “Faces” is widely considered an underground masterpiece, cementing Miller as a prominent voice in the world of hip-hop.

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Page 16 | Thursday, October 28, 2021

Old Gold & Black | Life

LIFE THROUGH THE LENS... BY ADAM COIL & ELISABETH KUGURU Asst. Life Editor & Contributing Writer coilat21@wfu.edu & kuguea19@wfu.edu

sit with the Chinese and Taiwanese students, and then I also sat with Black students. Both communities made me feel so much more welcome For most students at Wake Forest, than any of the white students did, answering the question, “Where are even though both recognized that you from?” is simple. The answer I was not completely immersed in does not come so easily to Elisabeth their culture.” Kuguru, though. She continued: “Since this highly Kuguru was born in Nairobi, Keracialized institution was not somenya, but soon moved to Roswell, thing I was used to, I made a conGeorgia, a suburb 40 minutes north certed effort to try to assimilate and I of Atlanta. There, she spent most of found that Black folks were the most her childhood. accepting. I began trying to underIn 2013 when her mother began to stand Black culture, and I think it pursue her Master’s degree in public has paid off. They have been the most health at Harvard, her family moved patient and understanding commuto Cambridge, Massachusetts, and nity, and I have been able to foster she stayed there for just under a year. some amazing friendships.” Elisabeth would soon return to her She also came to learn about many birthplace when her family moved of the misconceptions that students back to Kenya, where she attended at Wake Forest and Americans, in a missionary boarding school. Elisageneral, have about living in Africa. beth later arrived at Wake Forest in One student even asked her if she 2019. lived in a hut. It was clear that many Having traveled so much as a child, people had little to no idea of what Elisabeth thought that she had a prether life was like back home, and they ty good idea of what American life didn’t seem to care or want to underwas like. She assumed that she would stand. fit right in at Wake Forest, that she Because Wake Forest is a predomiwould be received the same as other nantly white institution, there is students were. This, however, was not Photo courtesy of Elisabeth Kuguru minimal pressure on white students the case. to learn about different cultures. From her first day at Wake Forest, Elisabeth White students often have the privilege of refelt as if she did not quite belong. In her jourmaining in the comfort of their own communal one day, she wrote, “This is America and the nities and aren’t forced to integrate themselves racial divide is real. I’m put in a bubble of what exorbitant wealth many students at Wake Forest into groups that are different from their own. I can be. Like I’m Black, I guess. When I was were accustomed to living with. Most people in This is frustrating because there is so much to in Kenya I would never say that [only because Nairobi did not live such materialistic lifestyles. learn from other people. There is a giant world it was irrelevant and redundant to say such a Further, it was shocking to see the population be out there, but many people limit themselves bething], but people here look at skin color and so politically conservative. The concept of Greek cause they are disinterested in the beauty and nothing else. I don’t really understand Black cul- Life, which is highlighted as part of the college vitality of diversity. ture, but I’m going to try my best to understand experience, was entirely foreign and difficult to Elisabeth is in her third year at Wake Forest, take in, too. Life was much different at Wake planning to major in sociology. She is a Resiit.” Spending the majority of her adolescence in Forest than it was back home in Kenya. dent Advisor at Magnolia, in Global Village and The experiences that Elisabeth had in Nairo- works at the registrar’s office. This summer, she a modest boarding school that indoctrinated all of its students heavily with evangelical Christi- bi are quite unlike those most students here at is looking forward to traveling to Singapore to anity, life at Wake Forest provided a complete Wake Forest have had. “There were times when connect with her father’s side of the family. She I would return to my room and find that Sykes’ has a unique passion for understanding different culture shock. Beyond an environment that differed from her monkeys had stolen my avocados. Sometimes kinds of people and hopes to put that to practice education at a missionary boarding school, there they would wake me up in the middle of the by working with the diversity and inclusion dewas a multitude of things that Elisabeth could night when I was trying to sleep. partments of various organizations and corporaSocial life in Kenya was different as well. not connect with here. She could not relate to the tions. I wasn’t allowed to ask boys out on dates. I wasn’t even allowed to watch movies with her friends,” Elisabeth said. “Instead of spending nights scrolling through social media or watching Netflix, she would sit outside and gaze at the sky, packed with twinkling stars, high above Mount Suswa. Regarding her interactions with various groups on campus, Elisabeth said that “Arriving in the United States after not living here since I was 12 made me question my true identity. I remember seeing clear racial divides that I was not used to at all. I originally assumed that most of my friends would be white at Wake.” Elisabeth had other preconceived notions about her experiences. “It would just make sense. If around 70% of students at Wake were white, then my friend group would probably reflect that statistic,” Elisabeth said. “I arrived at Wake bright-eyed and excited to make new friends, but soon after arriving, I found myself feeling like an ‘other,’ especially around white students.” This feeling ostracized Elisabeth, and shocked Photo courtesy of Elisabeth Kuguru her, too. Photo courtesy of Elisabeth Kuguru The field at Elisabeth’s boarding school in Kenya “It was a feeling I had never felt in my life, but Elisabeth Kuguru, on move-in day during the overlooked the great rift valley and Suswa. I knew I didn’t like it,” she said. “I decided to fall of 2019, is full of nerves and excitement.

Elisabeth Kuguru


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