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May 16-18, 2014


The Northern Virginia Daily

Location of reenactment services & events

Come experience the Hospitality of Shenandoah County's Southern-most town. Shop in our shops, meet the owners, take away a wonderful experience while supporting our local community. Plan to participate in the 10TH ANNUAL SHENANDOAH

COUNTY YARD CRAWL - SATURDAY, AUG 9TH - Spaces available - Contact the Chamber office at 740-3212

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Local Vendors, Homemade Crafts, Variety of Foods & Entertainment. For more information call the Chamber of Commerce. Vendor applications available at our website

The Northern Virginia Daily


May 16-18, 2014

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Schedule of Events Friday, May 16 10:00-5:00 Living History: Life on the Farm. (At the Bushong Farm)

11:00-11:45 Program: Telegraphy and the Battle of New Market. (Activities Tent)

1:00- 2:00 Meet the Author: Award Winning, NY Times Best Selling Author Jeff Shaara. Book signing to follow. (Activities Tent)

1:30- 2:30 Lecture: “Life in the Shenandoah Valley during the Civil War” by authors Elsie Newcomer and Janet Ramsey. Book Signing to follow. (VMCW)

3:30-4:30 REENACTMENT--Thunder Along Smith Creek, May 13, 1864. (Spectator Viewing Area)

4:30- 5:30 Book Signing with Author Jeff Shaara. (Sutler Row)

5:00 Grounds Closed to the Public

Saturday, May 17 9:30-12:00

11:00- 11:45


Interpretive Program: The Battle of New Market: A Cadet Perspective” with Byron Faidley, VMI 2007. (Benches in front of VMCW)

Grounds Closed to the Public

11:30- 12:30

Sunday May 18

Book Signing: Author Charlie Knight. (Sutler Row)

10:00- 10:45

12:00- 12:45

Church Service (Activities Tent)

Program: A Conversation With Jeff Shaara, award winning NY Times best selling author. Book signing to follow. (Activities Tent)

10:00- 11:00

1:00- 1:30 Book Launch and Signing: Mother Bushong's Sponge Cake by author Stacey Nadeau, foodways scholar. (Activities Tent)

1:30- 2:30

Book Signing: Author Jeff Shaara, award winning NY Times best selling author. (Sutler Row)

10:00-1:30 Living History: Camp life, Farm Life. (in the camps and at the Bushong Farm)

11:00- 12:00

ADVENTURE CAMP (Requires advance registration, no same day registration.)

Program: 1864, The Year in Fashion, with Kay Gnagey, 19th century fashion historian. (Activities Tent)

10:00- 11:00

1:30- 2:30

12:30- 1:30

Book Signing: Author Charlie Knight. (Sutler Row)

Program: A Conversation With Jeff Shaara. Book signing to follow. (Activities Tent)

Lecture: “Missourians (That’s Right, Missourians!) at New Market” by author Charlie Knight. Book signing to follow. (VMCW)

10:00-2:00 Living History: Camp life, Farm life. (in the camps and at the Bushong Farm)

11:00 Artillery Demonstration (Spectator Viewing Area)

2:30-3:30 REENACTMENT--Battle of New Market: The Opening Engagement, May 14, 1864. (Spectator Viewing Area)

3:45- 4:45 Book Signings: Authors Jeff Shaara and Stacey Nadeau. (Sutler Row)

Lecture: “New Market!” Author Charlie Knight. Book signing to follow. (Activities Tent)

2:00-3:00 REENACTMENT--Battle of New Market, May 15, 1864. (Spectator Viewing Area)

5:00 Grounds Closed to the Public

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May 16-18, 2014


n behalf of the Virginia Military Institute and the staff of the Virginia Museum of the Civil War, welcome to the 150th Anniversary Battle of New Market Reenactment. We have the distinction of holding the longest, continual reenactment in the United States, still held on original battlefield property. While our first event was in May of 1914, our biggest was in September of 1923 between VMI Cadets and United States Marines.


On May 16-18, 2014, the state and country will mark the 150th Anniversary of the Battle of New Market, with a three day commemorative reenactment. You will witness hundreds of living historians from around the United States recreating a moment unique in American history and on the actual spot that event took place.

The battle is best known for the heroic role played by the young cadets from the Virginia Military Institute, the youngest only 15 years old; but valor and bravery knew no color that day. It is their story you will learn during your visit.

The Northern Virginia Daily

Merchants & Vendors (aka Sutlers) n the 19th century sutlers traditionally followed the armies to sell items not available to the soldiers such as coffee, yard goods, paper and writing instruments, sweet treats, tobacco, patent medicines, reading materials, buttons, accoutrements, etc. This tradition continues today at reenactments nationwide.

Haycock Wood Company Wood Furniture, Toys, Dolls

Plan to complete your campaign kit or fill your civilian attire needs with one of the many excellent period merchants who will be setting up shop at the 150th anniversary reenactment of the Battle of New Market:

Ladies Fancies Ladies Original & Repro Accessories


The Blacksmith Blacksmith & Wood The Carpetbagger Carpet Bags

Be sure to visit the Virginia Museum of the Civil War and the Virginia Civil War 150 History Mobile parked near the museum on Saturday and Sunday, or have lunch at the various food vendors and shop at the many Civil War period merchants. Your reenactment admission ticket is good for all of the activities that day. We are glad that you are here and hope that you will have fun for the day and make memories for a lifetime.

Corner Clothiers Men’s Civilian Clothing & Accessories

Sincerely, Troy D. Marshall MAJOR, Site Director, Virginia Museum of the Civil War

Gardner’s Dulcimer Shop Musical Stringed Instruments

96 District Fabrics Fabrics, Ribbons, Patterns, Sewing Accessories Fall Creek Sutlery Full line of Authentic good, Uniforms, etc.

Harrington Traveling Photographic Artist Period Photographer

Heirloom Emporium General & Clothing Needs Jewelers Daughter Period Jewelry John Zaharias Sutler Specializing in Antique Buttons

Mac’s Sutlery Antiques and some Reproduction Virginia Museum of the Civil War’s the General’s Store Otts Sutlery Women & Children’s items P.Palmer Dry Goods (Originals by Kay) Civilian Items Parsley’s Brass Brass Buckles & Pins Regimental Quartermaster Military Goods S & S Sutler of Gettysburg Military & Civilian Items Timeless Colors Civil War replicas of Flags & Documents Timely Tresses Millinery

We Thank Our Food Vendors CUB PACK 117 MOUNT JACKSON, VA



Breakfast Sausage Gravy with Biscuits ..................$2.75 Fried Bologna Sandwich .........................$2.00 —with Egg and Cheese...........................$2.50 Country Ham Sandwich .........................$3.00 —with Egg and Cheese...........................$3.50 Bacon, Egg, and Cheese ..........................$2.75 Sausage, Egg, and Cheese.......................$2.75 Drinks ........................................................$1.00 Regular Menu Grilled Cheese Sandwich........................$2.00 Hamburger................................................$3.00 Cheeseburger ............................................$3.50 Hot Dog .....................................................$2.00 Chili / Cheese Dog ..................................$2.75 French Fries...............................................$2.00 BBQ Sandwich..........................................$4.00 Fried Bologna Sandwich .........................$2.50 Country Ham Sandwich .........................$3.50 All Drinks..................................................$1.00

Hamburger................................................$3.00 Cheeseburger ............................................$3.50 Hot Dog .....................................................$2.00 Chili Dog ...................................................$2.50 Chili + Cheese Dog ..................................$2.75 French Fries...............................................$2.00 BBQ Sandwich..........................................$4.00 BBQ Sandwich –w- Slaw ........................$4.50 Fried Bologna Sandwich .........................$2.50 Country Ham Sandwich .........................$3.50 Kielbasa .....................................................$3.50 Steak Sub ...................................................$5.00 Funnel Cakes ............................................$3.50 Tenderloin Sandwich...............................$3.00 All Drinks..................................................$1.00

Menu Fresh/Never Frozen Hamburgers.........$3.00 Fresh/Never Frozen Cheeseburgers .....$3.50 Hot Dogs ...................................................$2.00 Chili Dogs..................................................$2.50 Fresh Tenderloin Sandwich ....................$4.00 Pork BBQ ...................................................$3.50 French Fries...............................................$2.00 AUNT SUE’S LEMONADE Route 11 Potato Chips .............................$1.25 Cup of Homemade White Beans ...........$2.00 STAUNTON, VA $ All Drinks..................................................$1.00 Large Lemonade in souvenir cup (32 oz.) .......... 5 Large Limeade in souvenir cup (32 oz.) .............$5 $ FRESH POPPED KETTLE CORN Large Orangeade in souvenir cup (32 oz.) .........$5 Regular Lemonade in souvenir cup (16 oz.) ...... 3 OMG VENDING Regular Limeade in souvenir cup (16 oz.) .........$3 Kettle Corn ..........................Small-$5 Large-$7 Regular Orangeade in souvenir cup (16 oz.) .....$3 Carmel Corn........................Small-$5 Large-$7 Regular Lemonade (16 oz.)..........................$2 Carmel Apple......................Small-$6 Large-$8 Regular Limeade (16 oz.) .............................$2 Cinnamon Toast..................Small-$5 Large-$7 Regular Orangeade (16 oz.).........................$2 Cheddar ...............................Small-$6 Large-$8 Bottled Water .................................................$1



The Northern Virginia Daily

May 16-18, 2014

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Frequently Asked Questions Where can I purchase tickets?

What is a sutler?

Tickets are available at the Park entrance gate. Adult: $10.00 for ages 10 and over per day. Ages 9 and under free! The Park gate will open to the public at 8:00 a.m. with the camps opening at 10:00 a.m.

In the 19th century sutlers traditionally followed the armies in the field to sell items not available from government issue, such as yard goods, paper and writing instruments, sweet treats, tobacco, patent medicines, reading materials, buttons, accoutrements, etc. This tradition continues today at reenactments nationwide.

Where is the best place to view the battle? The battle is narrated over a PA system in front of the Field of Lost Shoes, just north of the Bushong Farm. This is the largest gathering area for spectators, although some people “follow” the soldiers as they move from the southern section of the Park to the climax of the battle at the northern end. You may wish to bring binoculars or a telephoto lens to see the action close up.

What do we do if it rains? In over 42 years of hosting the reenactment we have only cancelled the event a few times, and those cancellations took place after very heavy rains threatened the safety of the horses and riders. The reenactment is held rain or shine. Tickets are non-refundable.

Clothing: We suggest wearing light clothing for Yes, food is available from several local the weather at New Market that day. Hats, sunscreen, comfortable shoes non-profit organizations. would be appropriate.

Are there food vendors?

Can I bring a picnic lunch? Yes, and feel free to bring a lawn chair or blanket to sit on. In the interest of public safety coolers are not allowed outside of the parking area.

Virginia. There are also living history presentations at the farm, a period church service on Sunday, signal corps and artillery demonstrations, and opportunities throughout the weekend to walk through the camps and interact with reenactors. Special guest lecturers will be speaking each day. Camps close to the public immediately following the reenactment.

Is there a lot of walking involved? A moderate amount of walking is required from the designated parking areas to the sutlers row, concessions, the farm, camps, and the museum. Comfortable shoes are recommended. We have special handicap parking areas next to the spectator area for those with placards or license plates.

Can I bring my pet? No pets are permitted on the park grounds, in parking areas, or in vehicles (attended or unattended) with the exception of service animals and registered cavalry horses.

Is there handicap parking available? Yes. Please let the front gate and parking attendants know that you require handicapped parking.

Lost and Found: Lost and found items will be turned in at the front desk of the museum.

Code Adam: Lost children will be taken to the Sheriff’s Department mobile command center near the food vendors.

Are there activities before and after the battles?

Yes, your ticket includes admission to the Virginia Museum of the Civil War. In the Museum you can view the award winning film Field of Lost Can I bring a backpack? In the interest of public safety, no back- Shoes, the exhibits on the Battle of New Market, and the Virginia Room, packs will be allowed outside of the parking area. which follows the story of the war in

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May 16-18, 2014

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Battle Map

The Northern Virginia Daily

The Northern Virginia Daily


May 16-18, 2014

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Overview of the Battle of New Market -Cadets in the Center of the Line-

Breckinridge sensed his moment had come. Into the Federal fore marched the gray soldiers. They crossed the last rain soaked wheat field (later dubbed the Field of Lost Shoes by one of the Cadets). Only a few yards separated the armies when the blue line broke. The Cadets with the Confederate troops swept over the Federal position and they captured a cannon from Von Kleiser’s, 30th NY Battery B. General Sigel staged a rapid retreat northward to Strasburg, leaving the field and the Valley to General Breckinridge’s army and the exuberant VMI Cadets. Never before or since has an entire American Cadet Corps participated in pitched battle.

n the spring of 1864 Lieutenant General Ulysses Grant set in motion a grand strategy designed to press the Confederate nation into submission. “My primary mission, “ reasoned Grant, “is to… bring pressure to bear on the Confederacy so no longer could it take advantage of the interior lines. “ Control of the strategically important and agriculturally rich Shenandoah Valley was a key element in General Grant’s plans. While he confronted General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia in the eastern portion of the state, he ordered Major General Franz Sigel’s army of 10,000 to secure the Valley and threaten General Lee’s left The Confederate army, assisted by the citizens of New Market, buried the dead, tended the wounded, and gathered abandoned Federal supflank while it refitted two Union cavalry patrols. plies. The Bushong home, like many local residences, became a Receiving word that the Union army had entered the Valley, makeshift hospital for the soldiers of both armies. Confederate General John C. Breckinridge pulled together all available forces to repulse this latest threat. The Virginia Military Institute Cadet The jubilation over New Market throughout the South would be Corps marched from their classrooms in Lexington to join short lived as new, determined Union armies entered the Valley, first Breckinridge and his army of 4,500 veterans. The two armies met at under General David Hunter and then General Phillip Sheridan New Market on May 15, 1864. By mid morning Breckinridge declared. turned the Valley into a battlefield again. After the Battle of Cedar Creek in October, Federal forces would control the rich Shenandoah “We can attack and whip them here and I will do it.” Valley for the remainder of the War. After brushing aside Union Skirmishers located one mile south of the Bushong farm, the rebel infantry line came within rifle range of the Federal infantry and artillery positioned along a ridge north of the farm.


“We can attack and whip them here, and I will do it!”

Experiencing devastating fire in the center of his line, Breckinridge was forced to put in the 257 VMI cadets and other reserve units. Positioned along the orchard fence line, Cadet John Howard recalled the scene: “the fire was too hot for irresponsive action… I saw a cedar tree a yard high or thereabouts with a trunk as big as my thumb. Not a very effective defense, but no matter, anything from a white oak to a wheat straw was better than nothing, and I threw myself down behind it.”

Sigel, noting the confusion in the Confederate line, ordered a counter attack. His large body of fresh US mounted troops to the east charged south along the Valley Pike until they reached the southerner’s second line and chevron-shaped position of massed artillery. Horseflesh against iron produced an expected outcome and they beat a hasty retreat. The infantry charge fared litter better lurching forward awkwardly and ineffectively. Anticipating the results of his failed charge, Sigel began to withdraw his artillery.

With his line reinforced and the Federal cannon fire reduced,


Confederate General John C. Breckinridge

May 16-18, 2014


The Northern Virginia Daily


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May 16-18, 2014

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The Northern Virginia Daily

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May 16-18, 2014

The Northern Virginia Daily

A Chronology of Early VMI History 1778 Lexington, Virginia, and the county of

Rockbridge are founded.

1818 The Lexington Arsenal is built on a promontory overlooking the valley of the North Branch of the James River (now the Maury River). Its buildings were used to store and preserve about 30,000 stand of arms at an annual cost to the Commonwealth of Virginia of about $6,000 a year. By 1820 the arsenal is composed of a captain, a sergeant, an enlisted musician, 18 privates and two hired musicians.

called the Alumni Military Association, and serves as its first president.

1848 The original hospital is built. 1850 In March the Virginia legislature gives VMI $46,000 to begin construction on the Barracks and other buildings, all of which were designed by Alexander Jackson Davis of New York. The cornerstone for Barracks is laid on July 4, and in 1851 the front section of Barracks—the south facade—is completed, with the entrance being what is now Washington Arch.

1835 In an article in the Lexington Gazette,

1851 Thomas Jonathan Jackson joins the facJohn T.L. Preston, a young Lexington lawyer, ulty as a professor of natural and experimenproposes the idea of changing the soldier tal philosophy and an artillery instructor. guard to a cadet guard, the members of 1852 The commandant’s quarters are comwhich would receive literary, scientific and military instruction. pleted. 1836 The Virginia legislature passes an act in its 1835-36 session which disbands the arsenal and establishes a military school in its place.

1837 A four-member Board of Visitors is appointed; serves ex-officio. Col. Claudius Crozet is the Board’s first president; Their fast meeting is held on Aug. 7, 1837.

1839 John T.L. Preston joins the Board and names the school: Virginia Military Institute. “Virginia, as a state institution, neither sectional nor denominational. Military, indicating its characteristic feature. Institute, as something different from either college or university. The three elements thus indicated are the basis of a triangular pyramid, of which the sides will preserve their mutual relation to whatever height the structure may rise.”

Francis Henney Smith is named VMI’s first superintendent on June 8. He will serve in that capacity for 50 years. The fast cadets matriculate on Nov. 11. John Bowie Strange becomes the first cadet sentinel when he relieves the former arsenal guard on that date.

1854 The original mess hall is completed on the site of the present-day mess hall. 1856 The first statue at VMI, a cast of Jean Antoine Houdon’s George Washington, is erected at VMI and dedicated on July 3 during Finals. 1859 A cadet contingent under the command of Maj. Gen. Francis H. Smith is sent to Harper’s Ferry to preserve order at the execution of abolitionist John Brown on Dec. 2. 1861 The Corps of Cadets, under the command of then-Maj. Stonewall Jackson, leaves for Richmond on Apr. 21 to drill Confederate troops; the Corps is effectively disbanded. 1862 The Institute reopens on Jan. 1. Construction is completed on the superintendent’s quarters. 1863 The Corps escorts the body of Gen. Stonewall Jackson to his grave in Lexington’s cemetery on May 15.

1864 The Corps of Cadets begins its four-

day march to New Market, Virginia, on May 11. On Sunday, May 15, 257 cadets take part 1842 Following a three-year course, 16 of the in the battle of New Market. Dying on the 25 members of VMI’s first class receive their Field of Honor are Cadet Sergeant Cabell, diplomas on July 4, having taken courses in Cadet Corporal Atwill, and Privates Crockett, Hartsfield, Haynes, Jefferson, mathematics, mechanics, chemistry, engineering and tactics, French and German, and Jones, McDowell, Stanard and Wheelwright. English and German literature. The VMI Barracks, mess hall and several resWyatt Moseley Elliott, class of 1842, along with classmate William Darrell Fair, establishes The VMI Alumni Association, then

idences, including the commandant’s quarters, are shelled and burned on June 12 by the command of Union Maj. Gen. David

VMI Cadets Source : The Battle of New Market by Dr. Joseph W. A. Whitehorne n 1839 the Virginia legislature approved replacing the guard company at the Lexington Arsenal with a military school. The school was intended to provide a source of competent militia officers, engineers, and teachers. It proved to be the states greatest source of officers in 1861; of sixty-four regiments raised that year, twenty-two were commanded by VMI graduates. Of 1,902 VMI matriculates from 1839 to 1865, 1,781 served in the Confederate Army. In April 1861 the Corps of Cadets, 200 strong, performed training duties in Richmond. The school resumed “normal” operations in January 1862 with 269 cadets. The corps was called out as reserve in April and May 1862 during Jackson’s McDowell Campaign and took to the field three times in 1863 to support resistance against Federal cavalry raids in southwest Virginia. Following New Market, the corps was ordered to Richmond, where it served briefly in the city’s defenses. It returned to Lexington in June to resist Hunter’s advance, but could do little to prevent the Federal burning of Institute facilities. The corps was furloughed from July to October, when it was reassembled at Richmond where it served again periodically in the city defenses. It was disbanded on 2 April 1865 on the eve of the evacuation of Richmond. The Institute reopened at Lexington in October 1865. VMI Casualties


Killed in Action: Cabell, William H. Crockett, Charles G. Jones, Henry J. McDowell, William H. Stanard, Jaqueline B. Died of Wounds: Atwill, Samuel A., 20 Jul 64 Hartsfield, Alva C., 26 Jun 64 Haynes, Luther C., c. 15 Jun 64 Jefferson, Thomas G., 18 May 64 Wheelwright, Joseph C., 2 Jun 64 Wounded in Action: Akers, Reuben C. Berkeley, Edmund, Jr. Bradford, John F. Buster, William D.* Christian, Edward D. Cocke, John P. Corling, Charles T. Darden, James D. Dickinsen, Jesse I.

Dillard, William, Jr. Garnett, Griffin T. Garrow, Harris W. Gibson, Franklin G. Goodwin, James H. Harris, Willis O. Harrison, Carter H. Hill, Archibald G. Howard, John C. Imboden, Jacob P. Johnson, Porter Jones, Walter S. Macon, George K. Marshall, Martin Mead, Henry J. Merritt, James L. Moorman, Edwin S. Pendleton, Robert A. Phillips, Samuel T. Pizzini, Andrew, Jr. Preston, James B. Randolph, Charles C.

Hunter and the Corps leaves for Lynchburg, returns to Lexington, and then goes to Richmond and is quartered at the Alms House, where academic work is resumed on Dec. 28.

1865 Academic work is resumed at VMI in Lexington. Cadets live in the town of Lexington before five two-story brick cabins

Read, Charles H. Shipp, Scott Shriver, Samuel S. Smith, Charles H. Smith, Edward H. Smith, Francis L. Spiller, George Stuart, John A. Triplett, John R. Upshur, John N. Walker, Charles D. Walter, Charles P. Watson, William P. White, Thomas W. Whitehead, Henry C. Wise, John S. Wise, Louis C. Woodlief, Pierre W., Jr. Wyatt, John W. * Died of typhoid April 1865 with corps at Richmond.

are completed as temporary housing on the site of the present-day Maury-Brooke Hall. Alpha Tau Omega fraternity is founded by three New Market cadets, Erskine Mayo Ross, ‘865, Alfred Marshall ‘866 and Otis A. Glazebrook ‘866, on Sept. 11 in Richmond.

1867 The Barracks is returned to its prewar shape and size.

The Northern Virginia Daily


May 16-18, 2014

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The Virginia Museum of the Civil War and New Market Battlefield State Historical Park ocated in Virginia’s historic and beautiful Shenandoah Valley, the Virginia Museum of the Civil War and New Market Battlefield State Historical Park tell the story of the Civil War in Virginia and one of the last major southern victories in the “Breadbasket of the Confederacy.”

the cadet’s charge up Bushong’s Hill. The Virginia Museum of the Civil War was among the top 100 structures identified as Virginia’s Favorite Architecture in 2013.


On May 15, 1864, Confederate forces under Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge defeated a larger Union army under the command of Maj. Gen Franz Sigel on Bushong’s farm near the town of New Market. Breckinridge’s army included 257 Cadets from the Virginia Military Institute, facing their baptism of fire. Never before, or since has an entire college student body been called from their classrooms into pitched battle. The Cadets lost ten of their number killed and 47 wounded that day. Established by V.M.I. in 1967 by the philanthropy of Mr. George R. Collins, V.M.I. Class of 1911, the New Market Battlefield State Historical Park became a National Historic Landmark, comprising nearly 300 acres of the core battleground, the historic Bushong Farm and Hall of Valor Civil War Museum. The Hall

The museum features colorful dioramas and compelling artifacts from the Battle of New Market which raged just outside of the building. In the theater, visitors can see the Emmy Award winning docudrama, Field of Lost Shoes on the top of each hour. of Valor was one of the first museums in the Commonwealth to be accredited by the American Association of Museums. In 2010 the museum changed its name to Virginia Museum of the Civil War to reflect its singularity as Virginia’s only stateowned Civil War museum. The building itself was designed as a monument to all valor in the battle but particularly that of the V.M.I. cadets, the youngest combatant only 15 years old. The brown metal rotunda is reflective of a drum with stacked bayoneted rifles. Inside the museum is an expansive red carpet depicting sacrifice and a gentle sweeping ramp indicative of the motion of

One of the most popular and admired exhibits in the museum is a 28-foot-long stained glass window, created by Israeli-born artist Ami Shamir. The window was the brainchild of Robert Blood, who designed the Hall of Valor exhibits for its opening in 1970. Artist Ami Shamir included such elements as flowing lines to suggest the Shenandoah Valley and the river of the same name, and flags and seals of Virginia Military Institute, the Confederacy, and the Union, to portray the conflict at New Market. The names of the ten cadets who were killed or mortally wounded in the battle are inscribed as the central feature.


May 16-18, 2014

The Northern Virginia Daily

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page 12

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May 16-18, 2014

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The Northern Virginia Daily

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May 16-18, 2014

The Northern Virginia Daily

Our Sister Museums The VMI Museum, located on the campus of Virginia Military Institute, tells the history of the nation’s first state sponsored military college. The museum is home to many personal artifacts of famous alumni and faculty including General George Patton, Admiral Richard Byrd, and Stonewall Jackson. Over 400 pieces of the world-famous Henry Stewart Antique Firearms Collection explores the evolution of 19th century firearms. The VMI Museum Jackson Memorial Hall, VMI Post Lexington, VA 540.464.7334

Thomas Jackson arrived in Lexington in 1851 to teach Natural Philosophy and Artillery Tactics at VMI. Originally built around 1800, Thomas and his wife Anna purchased the house in 1858. The Stonewall Jackson House reveals the family man who became known around the world as General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson. Explore the gardens he loved at the only home he ever owned. The Stonewall Jackson House 8 East Washington St. Lexington, VA

The Northern Virginia Daily


May 16-18, 2014

page 15

The Battle of New Market - May 15, 1864 - Order of Battle oth the forces engaged were provisional, assembled from scattered forces operating for the most part on security and anti-guerrilla missions. The Federals had been gathered from numerous isolated posts over the six weeks preceding the battle. Few of the units had performed before in standard brigade and division operations. General Sigel had completed assembling his forces at Martinsburg and Winchester on 29 April. He developed his organizational structure during his slow movement south. Even more immediately, the Confederate forces were gathered as the Federal plan revealed itself. General Breckinridge began to consolidate his forces on 7 May, completing his new arrangement at Staunton on 12 May, three days before the battle.


U.S. Department of West Virginia—Maj. Gen. Franz Sigel First Infantry Division—Brig. Gen. Jeremiah C. Sullivan 1st Brigade—Col. Augustus Moor 18th Connecticut Infantry—Maj. Henry Peale 28th Ohio Infantry—Lt. Col. Gottfried Becker 116th Ohio Infantry—Col. James Washburn 123d Ohio Infantry—Maj. Horace Kellogg 2d Brigade—Col. Joseph Thoburn 1st West Virginia Infantry—Lt. Col. Jacob Weddle 12th West Virginia Infantry—Col. William B. Curtis 34th Massachusetts Infantry—Col. George D. Wells 54th Pennsylvania Infantry—Col. Jacob M. Campbell First Cavalry Division—Maj. Gen. Julius Stahel 1st Brigade—Col. William B. Tibbitts 1st New York Cavalry (-) (Veteran)—Col. Robert F. Taylor 1st New York Cavalry (Lincoln)—Lt. Col. Alonzo W. Adams 1st Maryland Cavalry (det.) (Potomac Home) —Maj. J. T. Daniel 21st West Virginia Cavalry—Maj. Charles C. Otis 14th Pennsylvania Cavalry—Capt. Ashbel F. Duncan 2d Brigade—Col. John E. Wynkoop 15th New York Cavalry—Maj. H. Roessler 20th Pennsylvania Cavalry—Maj. R. B. Douglas 22d Pennsylvania Cavalry (det.)—1st Lt. Caleb McNulty Artillery Battery B, Maryland Light (3” rifle)—Capt. Alonzo Snow 30th Battery, New York (12-lb. Nap.)—Capt. Albert von Kleiser Battery D, 1st West Virginia Light (3” rifle)—Capt. John Carlin Battery G, 1st West Virginia Light (3” rifle)—Capt. Chatham T. Ewing Battery B, 5th United States (3” rifle)—Capt. Henry A. DuPont C.S. Western Department of Virginia—Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge Infantry Division 1st Brigade—Brig. Gen. John Echols 22d Virginia Infantry—Col. George S. Patton 23d Virginia Battalion—Lt. Col. Clarence Derrick 26th Virginia Battalion—Lt. Col. George M. Edgar 2d Brigade—Brig. Gen. Gabriel C. Wharton 30th Virginia Battalion—Lt. Col. J. Lyle Clark 51st Virginia Infantry—Lt. Col. John P. Wolfe

62d Virginia Infantry (Mtd.)—Col. George H. Smith Co. A, 1st Missouri Cavalry (Inf.)—Capt. Charles H. Woodson 23d Virginia Cavalry (Inf.)—Col. Robert White VMI Cadets—Lt. Col. Scott Shipp Cavalry, Valley District—Brig. Gen. John D. Imboden 18th Virginia Cavalry—Col. George W. Imboden Misc. detachments: 2d Maryland, 23d Virginia, 43d Virginia (Partisans) Artillery—Maj. William McLaughlin Chapman’s (Virginia) Battery (4 how., 2 rifle)—Capt. George B. Chapman Jackson’s (Virginia) Battery (I rifle, 3 12-lb. Nap.)—1st Lt. Randolph H. Blain McClanahan’s (Virginia) Battery (2 how., 4 rifle)—Capt. John McClanahan VMI Section (2 rifle)—Cadet Capt. C. H. Minge

Total Effectives Federal Forces Infantry Cavalry Artillery (22 guns) Total:

5,245 (approx. 3,750 engaged) 3,035 (approx. 2,000 engaged) 660 (approx. 530 engaged) 8,940 (6,280)

Confederate Forces Infantry and dismounted cavalry Cavalry Artillery (18 guns) Total:

4,249 (approx. 3,800 engaged) 735 (all engaged) 341 (all engaged) 5,325 (4,876)


Federal: Confederate:

KIA 97 43 +

WIA 520 474 +

MIA 225 3

TOTAL (%) 841 (13%) 531 + (c. 13%)

Notes on Ordnance Three-Inch Ordnance Rifle • Fires 10-lb. projectiles (conical bolt, case, shell, canister) • Bore diameter, 3” • Tube weight, 820 lbs., wrought iron • Range, 1,830 yds. at 5° elevation • Muzzle velocity, 1215 FPS • Use: Infantry support in open areas, counterbattery. 12-Pound Field Gun, M1857 (Napoleon) • Fires 12-lb. projectiles (solid, case, shell, canister) • Bore diameter, 4.62” • Tube weight, 1227 lbs., bronze • Range, 1,619 yds. at 5° elevation • Muzzle velocity, 1485 FPS • Use: Close infantry support in wooded areas, final defense.

Parrot Field Rifle, 10-pounder • Fires 10-lb. projectiles (conical bolt, case, shell, canister) • Bore diameter, 3” • Tube weight, 890 lbs., iron • Range, 2,000 yds. at 5° elevation • Muzzle velocity, 1300 FPS • Use: Same as ordnance rifle. Field Howitzer, 12-pounder • Fires 12-lb. projectiles (solid, case, shell, canister) • Bore diameter, 4.62” • Tube weight, 788 lbs., bronze • Range, 1,072 yds. at 5° elevation • Muzzle velocity, 1200 FPS • Use: High-trajectory antipersonnel.

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May 16-18, 2014


The Northern Virginia Daily

Anderson, Mattie and Delilah Bushong

Bushong Farm History

n June 22, 1791, Henry Bushong patented a 260-acre tract in Shenandoah County that would become home for several generations of his descendants. Henry’s son, Jacob, born in 1790, married Sarah Strickler in 1818. The newlyweds took up residence in a simple cottage and began to farm and raise a family that would eventually include four boys and two girls.


In 1825 Jacob Bushong finished a new vernacular Federal-style home with two parlors, four bedrooms, a basement, and two exterior limestone chimneys. A ca. 1852 expansion added double porches attached on the north end, providing extra bedrooms and parlors for the growing family. The Bushongs raised wheat, oats, cattle, hogs, and horses. Wheelwright and blacksmith shops provided farm implements for the Bushongs and other area families.

On May 15, 1864 Jacob, Sarah,

Elizabeth, Anderson, his wife Elizabeth and their two children, William and Carrie, took refuge in their sturdy basement as the Battle of New Market raged across their farm. The house served as a hospital after the battle. The Bushongs continued to farm this land well into the 20th century. During the 1920s, as automobiles brought more travelers to New Market, the family opened their home to the public as a tourist attraction known as Battlefield House. In the early 1940s the Bushong family sold the farm to Mr. and Mrs. Everette Croxton of Washington, DC, who in turn sold it to George Randall Collins, VMI Class of 1911, in 1944. Upon his death in 1964, Mr. Collins willed the Bushong Farm and an operating endowment to VMI “to be used as a trust to perpetuate and maintain as a Memorial of the Battle of New Market and to place

Bushong Barn 1899 improvements thereon for educational purposes.” The New Market Battlefield Memorial (now Virginia Museum of the Civil War) opened in 1967, with the Bushong House as the visitor center. During the late 1960s and early 1970s,

the farm outbuildings were reconstructed, and the orchard reestablished. In 1970, the Hall of Valor Civil War Museum opened. Today the Bushong House and the rest of the farm are restored to an appearance as close to 1864 as possible.

The Northern Virginia Daily


May 16-18, 2014

page 17

The Battle of New Market Reenactment - The Tradition Continues By Troy D. Marshall

Staunton, Va., May 10, 1864 Maj. Gen. F. H. Smith, Supt. VMI:

Sigel is moving up the Valley—was at Strasburg last night. I cannot tell you whether this is his destination. I would be glad to have your assistance at once with the cadets and the section of artillery. Bring all the forage and rations you can...

Yours respectfully, John C. Breckinridge, Major General. ith these few words the Virginia Military Institute and the Battle of New Market are irrevocably linked. That spring of 1864 the stakes were higher than they had ever been and so were the expectations; not like previous years when the classroom monotony was occasionally broken up by an up-country march after Union cavalry. But still youthful bravado reigned supreme at V.M.I. and all saw the barracks as their prison. Major General Breckenridge required their battalion to bolster his understrength force of only about 5,000 men. His opponent, Major General Franz Sigel, and his seemingly limitless force of almost 9,000 men was heading south up the valley.


The cadets joined Breckinridge’s army in Staunton. Seasoned veterans greeted the school boys with jeers and suspicion. The young ladies of the local female Seminary greeted the cadets with a grand ball. Cadets danced on tired and blistered feet, little thinking that battle and death loomed a few days into the future. In the early morning hours of May 15, 1864, COL Shipp’s battalion of cadets lumbered groggily towards the small hamlet of New Market. Here they waited an eternity until the sun was high overhead when they would

finally advance against the Union line to their front. Though undoubtedly the best drilled troops on the field, only a few cadets had experience real battle—“seen the elephant,” as the veterans called it. The average age among of the Corps was 18 years; the youngest was barely 15 years old.


The severity of battle is no respecter of persons. By mid-afternoon the battalion could see Union General Sigel’s main line on Bushong’s Hill. Sigel attempted to capitalize on a break in the Confederate line created by the Union artillery. His infantry attack was repulsed when the break was filled by the VMI Cadet Corps. Now the entire Confederate line stormed across a rain-soaked wheat field—the Field of Lost Shoes. The cadets continued on page 18


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May 16-18, 2014


The Northern Virginia Daily


continued from page 17

wrestled a cannon away from Von Kleiser’s Battery B, 30th NY after a brief but decisive period of close quarter fighting. By end of the day the battalion had suffered 47 wounded out of 257, with five dying and five more succumbing to their wounds later on.

New Market’s battle was not large compared to Gettysburg or Shiloh but nonetheless it was important and inspirational. Virginia scholar Douglas Southall Freeman concluded, “Seldom did a small victory have so large an effect. Had not Sigel been driven back when he was, the Valley of Virginia might have been occupied by the Federals before the wheat crop was harvested…Short as was the time saved by the Battle of New Market, it was invaluable.”

Members of the Cadet Battalion went on to serve on other fields until the smoke finally cleared and scars of battle were hidden by time, leaving only legacy and memory. The Cadet Cemetery at VMI carefully preserved the final resting place of five of the 10 fallen cadets until a more fitting monument could be made. Remarkably this memorial was made by one of their own-a veteran of New Market, Cadet Moses J. Ezekiel. Ezekiel created “Virginia Mourning Her Dead” in 1904 with its mournful figure of Virginia standing a somber guard over the cadet remains.

On May 15, 1914 VMI, Virginia and the nation commemorated the fiftieth anniversary of the Battle of New Market with a day-long slate of events at New Market and VMI’s first reenactment of the battle.

According to the May 21, 1914 edition of the Shenandoah Valley newspaper, “Early the anniversary day the town filled up and ran over. The crowd is variously estimated at from 6,000 to 8,000 people. They came from all parts of the country-on the trains, in vehicles, on foot, horseback, and in automobiles-probably 400 or 500 automobiles motored in…”

VMI brought 327 cadets under the leadership of Commandant COL Jennings C. Wise, son of deceased New Market Cadet John S. Wise. He led them in stages from the town center up to Bushong’s Farm, pausing only when explanation of the action required it. Spectators also followed but at a respectful distance. A Shenandoah Valley newspaperman remembered, “As the cadet corps marched over the field of battle… crowds viewed the spectacular parade from the rear end of the dwellings, lots, fields and Valley Turnpike to the east.” What was not soon forgotten was the recreation of the cadet charge when Col Wise ordered his line to halt, kneel and fire two volleys towards the now vacant Union line. His orders were heard a good distance away-“Fix Bayonets! Charge! DoubleTime! March, and up the hill they went as their gray clad forbearers once did. Ceremonies, speeches, and a public parade ended a once in a lifetime day for thousands including 27 New Market Cadets-witnesses to the action a half century ago.

This would not be the last day when crowds descended on the town and the air was rent once again with the crack of the rifle. On September 20, 1923, Brig.-Gen Smedley Butler brought 3500 United States Marines to New Market for the first modern reenactment on the battlefield. The Marines stood in for General Sigel’s Union troops and the VMI Cadets reprised the role of their forbearers on May 15, 1864. According to a souvenir postcard the crowds were estimated at over 100,000 and the number of automobiles had also increased exponentially. This too would be a once in a lifetime event remembering the valor of VMI’s youthful cadets and the soldiery blue and gray. The guns fell silent at New Market again for another 41 years until another commemoration approached. In 1961 Virginia and the nation remembered the start of the American Civil War with films, programs and reenactments, but these were not the reenactments of almost a half-century ago. Participants prided themselves on their realistic dress, weaponry and attention to detail on the field. On May 15, 1964, reenactors and spectators once again arrived on the old field to

see and learn about the Battle of New Market. The Centennial reenactment was a modest sized event by today’s standards; it shows nonetheless that interest in reenactments has never really gone away at New Market. As we approach the 150th Anniversary of the Battle of New Market on May 15, 2014, VMI and its New Market Battlefield State Historical Park are well poised to tell this important story to a new generation of cadets, history enthusiasts, participants and spectators alike. The park begins the commemoration by offering a 150th Anniversary guided tour of the battlefield from 1:00-3:00 on May 15th, with the reenactment proper running from Friday the 16th –Sunday the 18th. Each day of the event offer speakers including Mr. Jeff Shaara, demonstrations and a battle reenactment following the historical action on that particular day. Virginia’s History Mobile, a travelling museum on wheels, will be on site over the weekend. For more information contact the Virginia Museum of the Civil War at 866.515.1854 toll free or visit our website at . Join us and have fun for the day and make memories for a lifetime.


The Northern Virginia Daily

May 16-18, 2014

page 19

150th Anniversary of the Battle of New Market - Order of Battle Infantry Major General Greg Bair, commanding

Major General Brian N. L. Gesuero, Commanding Headquarters Colonel Patrick Davis, Chief of Staff Major Dale Foxwell, Senior Aide Major Robert Cooley, Adjutant General Major Ken Obenland, Chief of Provost and Inspections Major Rick Rickards, Chief Quartermaster Major John Moss, Chief of Couriers Major Ted Matkowski, Chief Engineer Captain Bruce Yealy, Chief Surgeon Captain Buddy Cook, Chief Signal Officer Captain Gary Wright, Provost & Inspections Dept. Lieutenant Rudy Segaar, Provost & Inspections Dept. Lieutenant Andrew Davis, Adjutants Department Lieutenant Jason Foxwell, Quartermaster Department Sgt. Major Donnie Strum, Legion Sergeant Major Sergeant Chris Taylor, Chief Bugler Trooper Derek Lanham, Courier Private Cole Bigley, Headquarters Orderly Cadet J. W. Jones, Headquarters Orderly

1st Brigade 1st Legion, Provisional Army of the Confederate States Fighting First Regiment

1st Battalion Lt. Col. David Houser

2nd Brigade 1st Division, Army of Northern Virginia

Colonel Tony Mallory

3rd Brigade Longstreet’s Corps

3rd Battalion Colonel Shane Tharp

2nd Battalion

By Order of Major General Brian Gesuero

4th Brigade Virginia Military Institute Corps of Cadets Artillery Brigadier General Tom Alexander, commanding Sergeant Rick Morris, Adjutant Captain Gary Wright, Provost and Inspections

Provisional Army of the Confederate States, cmd’g.

Major Robert Cooley Adjutant General Provisional Army of the Confederate States


United States Federal Command Maj. Gen. Allen Baldwin, Commanding, Army of the Potomac

Cavalry Brigadier General Doug Nalls, commanding Major Michael Schramm, Adjutant

Old, New and Purposeful Clutter

Army of the Potomac Member Organizations: Federal Volunteer Brigade Birney’s Division

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2nd Brigade, Birney’s Division, USV Brig. Gen. Mike Maffei, Commanding 1st Cavalry Brigade Capt. John Brindle, Commanding The Museum is located at the Mt. Jackson Town Hall/Visitor Center building at 5901 Main Street

Artillery Reserves Maj. Jeffrey Cohen, Commanding 227987

Headquarters Staff Brig.Gen. Robert Frey, Senior Military Advisor Col. Erek Dorman, Senior Military Aide Col. Pete Peters, Chief Surgeon Lt.Col. Chris Folster, Acting Assistant Adjutant General Lt.Col. Patrick Kelly, Inspector General Maj. Ed Zamorski, Chief Engineer Maj. John Fuld, Protocol Officer Capt. Kyle Wichtendahl, Aide de Camp Capt. Willard Longnecker, Quartermaster Capt. Mark Williams, Chief of Signals Sgt.Maj. Brian Withrow, Guidon Sgt. Adam Stoner, Chief Bugler


Confederate States

For more information call 540-477-3951

page 20

May 16-18, 2014


The Northern Virginia Daily

150th Anniversary of the Battle of New Market - Commanders Brian Gesuero It is an honor for me to serve you and the troops as the Commander of the Southern Forces at the 150th Anniversary of the Battle of New Market Reenactment. With an ever increasing passion for history, I began a career in our hobby of reenacting in 1980, serving as a rifleman in an infantry unit. Marching shoulder to shoulder to face destiny as one of “A Band of Brothers”, I learned the value and importance of taking care of the man next to me, knowing he would do his all to do the same. This was to be a life lesson that would follow, if not pursue me, in real life situations as well. First as a member of the fire company within my local community and, for the past twelve years, as a career fire fighter at the Baltimore Washington International Fire & Rescue Department (BWI FRD). The lessons learned in over 24 year’s involvement with Public Safety have also been invaluable in guiding me through my subsequent positions within our hobby. In 1993, I incorporated my love for horses and riding into reenacting by joining a cavalry unit. Soon thereafter I was asked to serve as a staff officer for General Don Patterson of the Army of Northern Virginia. I have since served on the staffs of General Patterson, 1st Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia, General Clark, 1st Division, Army of Northern Virginia and General Bair, 1st Legion, Provisional Army of the Confederate States. In my career to date, I have been a company commander, Assistant Adjutant, Adjutant, Chief of Couriers, Aide-deCamp, Chief of Staff and now General in command of the 1st Legion, Provisional Army of the Confederate States (PACS). Through it all, whether a company commander serving the rank and file, a staff officer serving a commander, or a General serving the troops, one thing I will never forget is rank is a privilege bestowed upon us by the people we serve. Accepting the rank means accepting the responsibility to serve them well. I hope that my many years of reenacting and varied experiences will help to make this nationally significant event, of such a pivotal point in our American history, a success for the reenacting community and the public alike.

Allen Baldwin A Pittsburgh native and recent resident of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Allen lives in Winchester, Virginia with his with Julie and is employed by the City of Winchester as the Fire and Rescue Chief. Allen is also a graduate of Point Park University with a degree in Public Administration. Allen has been involved in reenacting for just shy of twenty years. He served on Major General Valuska’s staff as a Courier, Junior Officer, Aide de Camp and most recently as a Colonel and Senior Aide de Camp. He has been directly involved in event planning and military operations, and has served as a Brigade, Division and Army Commander at numerous events along with being responsible of Overall Command at several events. Allen and the entire Federal Staff look forward to continuing their excellent working relationship with the officers and gentleman of CSA Commander Brian Gesture’s staff. General Baldwin’s interest in Civil War history began when he was a youngster with his grandfather who had an extensive interest in the civil war and was a professor at the University of Pittsburg. Allen spends some of his free time researching the 20th Pennsylvania Cavalry Company F, which his great-great grandfather was a member of and was engaged in pursuit of Lee as he entered Hagerstown on his retreat from the Gettysburg battle. Allen and the Federal staff bring a long standing tradition of professionalism, loyalty, honor and organization to the hobby. He and the staff look forward to the challenge of reenacting this extremely significant chapter in American history while meeting the needs of the reenactors at this anniversary event.

150th Anniversary of the Battle of New Market - Staff

The Northern Virginia Daily


A Battlefield Reunion The Mrs. A. W. Sager Story

May 16-18, 2014

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May 16-18, 2014

The Northern Virginia Daily

A Cadet’s Story

A Civilian’s Story

Jacquelin Beverly Stanard

Eliza Catherine Clinedinst Crim

Born: Birthplace: Married: Children: Occupation: Hometown: House, Died:

April 27, 1845 Berry Hill in Orange, Virginia unmarried none Cadet at Virginia Military Institute Orange Court Virginia New Market, VA on May 15, 1864

Bev, as he was known to his family, enrolled in the Corps of Cadets at the Virginia Military Institute on January 20, 1863. There he made many friends including John S. Wise, his roommate at the Institute. Bev (or Jack as he was known at school) and John were left to guard a baggage wagon at the start of the battle. Not content to wait out the battle in comparative safety, they disobeyed orders and joined the troops marching to the front. Both were injured in the battle and Stanard died on the porch of the Bushong farmhouse, bleeding to death from a leg wound. Staunton May the 12th 1864 My darling Mother, No doubt a letter written from this place will take you greatly by surprise. Well to relieve your anxiety I will tell you before going further and keep you from uneasiness. On Tuesday night an order came from Gen. Breckinridge calling us immediately to Staunton. . . and are tonight encamped one mile out of town. I have run the blockade and come in to take tea with Cary Taylor, and that I might write this letter. Am I not good?…The Yankees are reported coming up the Valley with a force of 9000 strong. Our Corps will run Gen. B up to 5000 maybe more. I hope we may be able to lick them out. I have suffered more with my feet this march (so far) than I ever did on all the others together…Well darling Mother I have written enough I suppose to relieve your mind as to our destination so I must stop and go in the parlor. Some young ladies there…And now my dear Mother that I may be spared to see you all again, and that you may continue in good health will be the nightly prayer of Your darling boy, Bev Letter of Jacquelin B. Stanard VMI Corps of Cadets Letters of New Market Cadet Edited by John G. Barrett and Robert K. Turner Jr. The University of North Carolina Press Copyright 1961

Born: Birthplace:

April 12, 1838 Presbyterian Manse in Fort Defiance, VA Married: married in 1871 to John Crim Children: four, two sons and two daughters Occupation: milliner (maker of ladies hats) Hometown: New Market, Virginia Died: New Market, VA on November 6, 1931 Known to her friends as Lydie, petite, darkhaired Eliza Crim was well known in New Market for her compassion. After the Battle of New Market she helped care for the wounded from both sides and even nursed the dying cadet, Thomas G. Jefferson, in her own home. After his death she journeyed eighty miles to return his personal effects to his grieving family. She is said to have made the first Confederate flag for the town as well as introducing the tradition of Christmas trees to New Market homes. Because of her love and care for the VMI cadets who fought at New Market, (she called them “her boys”) she was awarded the New Market Cross of Honor along with all the cadets involved in the battle; the only woman ever to receive this award. Upon her death at the age of 93, a squad of cadets carried her flag draped casket and laid her to rest under a tombstone that reads, “Mother of the New Market Corps”. My dear friend, I want to tell you something about the battle of New Market…How well I can remember it all, and how it frightened my poor old mother and the little children. They were taken to the cellar for protection. The day of the battle I stood on the doorstep. My brother called to come and look at the fine soldiers coming down Shirley’s hill. This was the first time I ever saw the Virginia Military cadets. They looked so nice and trim as they ran down the hill…I will never forget those brave boy soldiers as they ran down the hill to victory and death…I ran down to the battlefield to help with the wounded. I was the first woman to go there…They told me of a poor little cadet lying down at the Lightfoot farm, badly wounded. I told them to bring him up to my home…the now Sir Moses Ezekiel, of Rome, Italy, who was then a pretty black curly-headed Jewish boy, brought him to my home in an ambulance and carried him in…When we laid him down he looked up and said, “Sister, what a good soft bed.”…His name was Thomas Garland Jefferson. He was about 16 years of age, was blue-eyed and had golden hair. I will never forget him and his sweet boyish face… He died in Moses Ezekiel’s arms…Sleep on, sleep on, my beautiful soldier boys, who gave your precious young lives for a cause we all believed to be right, and are now resting under the “shade of the trees.” The Mother of the old war Battalion, E.C. Crim Excerpts from a letter written by Eliza Crim to Mrs. I.V. Johnson in 1909

The Northern Virginia Daily


May 16-18, 2014

A Soldier’s Story James Madison Burns Born: Birthplace: Married: Children: Occupation: Hometown: Died:

August 9, 1845 Ohio to Caroline Sage on May 22, 1883 Four, three sons and one daughter Soldier, US Army Lebanon, Ohio Lebanon, Ohio on October 30, 1910

Dark haired, blue-eyed James Burns volunteered for the army on October 3, 1861 at the age of 16. He served as part of Company B, 1st West Virginia Volunteer Infantry. Within 3 years he had reached the rank of Sergeant. After the war James decided to make a career of military life. He stayed in the army and when he finally retired on March 16, 1899 he had achieved the rank of Major. At the age of 37 he married and began to raise a family, which grew to include three sons and one daughter. He was the only soldier at the Battle of New Market to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor for his actions.

Wellsburg, W. Va., Dec. 5, 1908 Hon. N.B. Scott, U.S. Senate, Dear Sir: Having learned that Major James M. Burns, U.S. Army, retired is seeking relief {pension} from Congress…I respectfully request you aid in every way possible…I make this request because I believe that Major Burns is entitled to the relief he seeks. We were members of the same company during the Civil war…we served together until I was wounded at the battle of New Market, Va. May 15, 1864. On that occasion our army was defeated and was rapidly retreating from the field, and the flag of our regiment was in great danger of capture. Major Burns, then a sergeant…rallied a few of the retreating men, myself among the number, and saved the colors from falling into the hands of the enemy. In this During this engagement Major Burns…was himself part of the engagement I was severely wounded…Major severely wounded. This wound has troubled him freBurns returned in the face of hot fire from the enemy and quently since…and he is almost totally disabled. Major assisted me from the field…and saved me from capture. Burns was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor

for Gallantry at the battle… Respectfully, Travilla A. Russell

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May 16-18, 2014

The Northern Virginia Daily

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